Title: Negro history
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055673/00001
 Material Information
Title: Negro history
Physical Description: 31, 2 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Johnson, J. M
Simms, John A
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: S.l
Publication Date: 1936?]
Subject: African Americans -- History -- Florida -- Jacksonville   ( lcsh )
History -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 1-2).
Statement of Responsibility: J.M. Johnson, field worker ; John A. Simms, editor.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "Federal Writers' Project, American Guide, (Negro Writers' Unit), Jacksonville, Florida."
General Note: "April 20, 1936."
General Note: Typescript for the Federal Writers' Project.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055673
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002106444
oclc - 35205463
notis - AKU5861

Full Text

Arfrloan "Quidoev Vag(r itorae Vit)
Jaoksorilis, Florida

J.U ohnn nfro History
Hold torker April w,. 1936
Oompleto John A. Simse
5,550 Words Editor
31 Pages

Tho hio'ory of the to.-ro in Jaot'oonvillo
io porhapa no long no tho !totor7 of tho olty itoolf; e
oan, thouw h definltoly ploae h1a hero ae earlyy as 1,811
when an emergonoy govornont which styled Itsolf *The
Patriote* sot v, forooo to rid the oeotion of what it
tomed *slave oatohors, ruffi ns and banditti.

Later the noao yoar and corly in the noxts
when Jaokoonvlole, or Oow IFord beoaoc ono of tho ooptore
of operation of Ool. Dniel Newnan and his Ooo.ia Volwn-
toors in their eMllie against to Indians, uo find 00ol
Tomwm deeoribing his advrsarios as *double oure in
strength, including WeOrooe who mwre their(the Indianes
bet eoU1iaws. (1)

Bod when fif httlxul at he Om~m of
their saaters however, the rest of the early history
of the Hogoes in the vioainty of Jaoeaoonr e 's aor
poaoafu. Shortly ftr 18838 eIr=o slaves were oltiratiow
the lande of LD* Bhrt oredited with the fotmdig of t

o i

oJly history hkper. n~ alavoel free mon and fwoodson
wore known to l1vo howar in ono InatAnoa frtly aivod
in what nlteo boonro Arlinton. and had boon froo oinee
bizth, who twre deoaooncante of a Scotchman.
Althcu h eooagroatod by whites an d ebuinod
by bulaok (thoy cOie oa ld trouble makore by t'oir otitL
oaralavod fellows) tho froo Rorroos manImOd to earn livtI ,
oontributo gro(itly to tis building. and upkoop of tho oit's
etruoturos, and prortom rnny phaeon of work that o leeo
praotloal tor theft the elaos w o montlme fed a4l
* olehea tho diatriot from the produta of toe plantntt1fonf
ho latter history* t~bt portion that folr
lowed esanoalptio~n o. wondered loea illustrious than 1
might mo br b on# by th ooambined hatred of the foxner
ter and the leed.aehip of selfiSoh intividus ito o
little praoti ol nowedge. eo ooentrwittionM thm wres
made by the h o-To in his earlier yare in Jawe ornville
till exert their ffoet on the conamity(3)

.. ** '

Nagero atory e 3
SJt. .Johnoon 590
Jmokfonvilleg Plorla

I i
fn~rprorma R1mn TO Msft,

Aorooo the St. JonMse river from Jaokaonville,
in Arlington, livod a froo fr ,ly- of To-ro denooona to of
Col.0John D. 3SwAps, a Gcooth ehipbuilder "'o mxrrlod the
troa oolorod datuhtor of !'.phbaLth t i1eloy, a noto siave
trader from b ibt Gcorgo Island3 T ,t tfa-Ily had four o; il
ran, two of bhom "orkod at vrlouo ooouptiono about tho

Ocorgo Bngnan co a -froo Nonro, ho worked w
\ck wheolvwrht In early Jaokoonville. Af tr t nknin a oonnsia
crable amount of roney at hio woll patronacd trndo, ho rao
tired to a faft.

Tho I o ohildron of Job. Thylor and his mu-
latto Wnife Oornolia ioahard, eore all froo and4 attended
oohool on tho platation of their father in South Jraokson.
Tvle. A niln11ar onno wa that of the oblIdren of Oran EUct.
whoee plantaion was looted in the aruurb Oarseille.
Baxteal wife wa another of the children f the 9Tt Oort u
plants. (3)

aw _omk from the enter of Ja kaonvlle ,.
businea, i1mtriot, aud diagonally oppo"ete the apot now eo0

,~ i 1
a>^.^....- .- -. 11---'--* ... :' -

?Nogo tlatory a 4
J.H. JohbMn Io.
Jnaoaownrllle, 7lori*

ouwted b7 the City 0VI, stood until .he firo of 1901
ono of the 3oat interooe ing otruouroo in thi o-ttlor
of the 3atw.

It -,s the ol' 91:vo0 i:tket, on ?obrth
C',et about 100 foot owat of Oooan, in won th~o little
crudo platform "to a elctionod off r.t rucular intorval
-lavos from ja 1l over theo iroes.

Tho whito-haioed old anotionoar. foa 7ora
a roeldent of noarby ~ndarln, followed an inteorooaen ptro
coodure in aollng, hsl wareao. rouped totthor to ao Kingeloyae
.ia-ormn wnd others; calling loudly for JAno or Boos he
oull. hold tbo laos on he platform w1th bin, opon wida
thoir oyelide to nhow that theorrS nood, show their
toncuoo, punoh *ho oboet and riba to show Vtat thoy wore.
woolidw, mnd ind up hio narrative of their qualitooe, in
the oeEo of a fotale with *and esho* a good bteedo4 too*.*
Jae Bunrione, a yonw wnama.of tamdlas, ew. sold 0
this bloek in U185, ad bMosht slightly more thMk. ,00
wln ashe ?as eold to a planter of woet floi d4 (4)

A Jaokeonvllle grew it beoos the r~f
of a number of soapoed laam, oowe from the droad wost
norwid plmatation of the Sterrette, near Iadion, othet

-" ;

a J;I Johneon X
Jaokeonville, H l da

froa noighboring St. Abgustine sndA Frnandina. Udilo no
of thooe oesoped slaves ame known to have raxhod 'lho
Oooan Street auction look aWnaih it was known by many of
tVe that if oapturedthreteoned they oould find rofug on,
asoe o' the milderr* plantatione around JAokeonvill of
J;p,. an4oroon, looatod in whr.t la ow tho Ortoea oootion
of JaoksonvilLe.

This plantation as ono of the largest ni
the state; its five thousand aors stretched fro Mo W0rt'
Orek on the Wrth to Yhkon, or then Blaok Point, on the
South, and est from the St. John's river to a mall orok
nearly a mile awAy.

This plantation wa reoognised by .theo 1
as the oost doeirable lar.eo plantation in the vioitnty. .
S8nderson nover ponritted orelty to hi s la eoo his orI
ing oonditiono wore not nearly as hard as was the general
ouetom, and in buying slaves he had a fixed peliy of nsr
speawating a tfmly.

tells of .hie foamr Pasutr that *he hardly rr bee t a lr
it beating oold not be moied, be stood by Vuhle it as i
and when exactly .twlve Iabe had been applied he stpped the


--I ---

S .
Yio Hmistory qtg d
JV.. Johnoon
JhacoonvllUo, Norlzit

Thiso sxelave'* father, wear of the brutslity of
** r no
his tfornr soetr, 'ebtod 9%dorawn to *-tpc9ea9 hisw
for his or, lant.tion. 9andeoron roft."b1 to do so u
l'nf h, rul'. take with theo ssTs his *ito *a d ono ohId.
Althou '* "', oo hts ('"wt than E1i't nadroed Il1car
for t'lO ipay ^one) be A d 1^ a-A J to fiiey w.e navo^ acain

dcpn tiun ln ad icooto .rok. Tjot so thoo of Zori2 i1oh i

K1inealsy, "ihon pantation on pFr6 G Otoo IolbAd ma\O dr&oa
od b7 all w1ro bow it. TTot overly oruol hMrilfd(nhel
ono- raot bot k on tho blwanirr, to theo -. of oFletvo-
nont.), he had a hard oourno of treElniw tfr etory nlaie m-
fort-'n .te cnou,-h to li'-'n o hi~s plfnst1cn., .eA:dition -to
Iamo in. th. f ft of -It, t-.o tnley slo ves *-*e teO t
arnmntry, ocrent ori, brioo yinn, io*tine "ork, and as
P;* y other trrds v-% tr7 -iMO1 vn'olbly lnmn botw~nm antu
tior. "syoe (3) Tr that rnoron, *Etarler a Pr;wro* beams
alaoot a traod tea onA a lavs and ote o. th'O ftrlpuotly
brotght twelv to fittoon hundred dolars bile 8 ot? a ~
o -".1. b) ha for five hanr19' dtollara. (1)

8ntwrson, aftoe tha olawao hod boe anrid 4
thoir frodcma; Aided^n of thbo in xohabilitatlfg thbap
nolves in. the na eistateoon Into wiAoh thoy wore thu*e ..

~! 7

- op.o RiJtory
-J.!'. Johnoon
Jqkovnwf.t-o' T*Jffg

Tr of t w1, Itturoo Boor e Or., C% "ir.va ?oo Pl Ub*.
con .* d on; Othr ".o 1ivn fort-y nor- h c ..' .n
'?~. '.de~Jo.. rdirvo; on-o of -*)~, :Ci 4** -o* ?-*' ri -

OI'ng'0 ". '.7 *;." -n :f ^M nce o I1. -rL 'm'- ".It

07'7!-, 1] oa U ,m. nmm 1p c.Z, .
The 2for, r" Lone- of 'hcme ala h *. ~''o later
-'old Wl r lIs.*l v* tor C hAl ad4d row.tly -7o
'me. v e-t of '9 ow "intvo IdTior'Yntn in IOn r*: 4d
VTIncti, bth~3 exolnsive reSdl-lre (c. ':3o;t. -f "ab >*
"V J^^'r-tllo. (O)

Saovorr Regro oltlsons of Jacksonville
nada vnIunablo control tone to tho biotor? of tho olty
,f tor :o. ceoe tion" of t': r b hown theo satoe. !o"0b3*
cono r theoo aro cto followiact Lo*, taut, btmond .-An
Lowe -*
Ja krhFderA La Bomn In PhiladlhUa, Paep
in, 1848s. Attended pablie eobool in PhInIOiphia. aOw-jastod
froo Rovard Unlvorolty Lr.r Sohool ,An 18I. owe. to Jookason
vil2*, aw admitted to theo Lorida bia in 1f73, aJ prmotiood -
in this olty. Serd ao judMo of 'ho =inolipsal CoUti of

J.", John,', n P0
JacpaGnilot9 Fncria

Jc.c'toctwlo fro 180' to 188I a-ebw of '.ro PlzrSdno

LTo.iniai".*o froM- Ctw1 County 1333 to 1004*. v:c3ir':c
C .lllctor of' Cj-tom for at. 3z tc T f .1ri,.., by P::r-

1 !eat Tv.rtoon i 1"34 ^a n sl held' 1 ^ re-:SAln t!^l
'-.' P:r :tljo:t "1.1 r "onel-.y VloA".t2' 3'.: 01-
.1 *: 0 Z-~f .r!-.r "'c 7oJ -.r C c: .? 1- ~~ 0; :

-^Ve.l .a .T.cl u=dcr tnoc-i:- .%Jr .t-"o-n
r u-tl ti ,h a.i-t of P,, ien ,'ho .2or "'.l1on in
1314. No 'hc reaolad hia rl *. o nr~ticoo of lar. At
o-e tiae he .o 0ljoacd olaor- of *',0io dn C i t f Cotf

J;',o-aiovllo bi'ot nevr s:3a'vo Yoftu^c !'s c0t'',' Lt
*i W.3on::3 1^U to {vpnove ay bond h o 'crod.

Lee won a brU.U:wit or?.tor tc (tr o
"olStolonlar a 1,"wior *v- Jol1o'od 5ilra',. 'lo wrEI
a 'olii'to t to ov-ry rhtioIl RaotiWt ) n Converst1i W ia
.' t-.'til I' ,lzr -tioh o cr'od in J' -1nvlle, A i1

.120. (a) ,

-. A l r m an a an atton
Drlittdn Coaunty, a'-th OroMttO in 1900, of slae.a a .
Otn to Jaokoo"nlle fra mCateston south Owall 1n, 1808

with Uis nothor wnd stoaPrpmt'%eV "h. t *'u t rx"V.e onA
brlokAylrc b bbin ntopitat.m iator be bsooea a ootrotoe .
Seolad to two yore nr t olm ol f LaVllla n ono ya '

/ -. .


** -
"*.' J* a 22n s .-

:-" =.c 1.-. J"c'Grvllo. tnoionJ. u I

he o 0a c ,,, von erloly !)l.n ae tor. 1 .la o On.Cca. .Inho
-s. :MJ 610 G1U vG.VP t -*

.t.. T:U-Tr* .b4.I & D^ .SIJn. At. ",n o -L .

l -.* -:; r: -t r -

zuw rtise Itn# .ti 3106ft 1. wi otiu on n i e o oer o a
o.7 tuo CVyXty pru ot3 rd for meTtee in -i01 -f -5thv Vr Jnt

sige: o P shri'D. uAlto4 IAn e 9.n *ca o. -l'1 "i r o 9
J7iv .!'C lc? 'vo for^ -74^ ';.oz:le In Ay-A

"Mahte. at Oiey W1), ;otth rorilm. Row )on Add

Sthele tlico in 1awtr o"aMert w- 418 bonr1 thco loos

JT.!. Johnon IO

at hin roeinnt. Ento ed Mnooln tliAr1vrity, Oxford Pornyrty
nt is 18007? rPd rmvduAftod In 1971. ThoK' ?tuiu1. i.* .k-
To c-i l'iwr1O iSV, I3obinr'ton D.0., (9)) ono to Pi.crish 3i

',97^.1 a1 Jnvit3lo of Ptaoe o As1:o:utu O7nt, FiocrAc\ l 741.

n '-ithi t-? ?lo0 E: xu' 1;n. 13. ::C^At to Se1 0 !>1.. ^^ ro
S..3. 07..i ocr1 J 1 or *o yr".a (A o of ,ic ..e ': 0.
Al -A-11,Utiv OOrILttOOa thaf itmi to do With 1o ort$ .. c.1
o 3 o Plori da A A T 1: Conaeoe. 711w 0aoooo Florl a (W )

po-un.. tk ,ti o F9LO -in-l, **. :- -'o,
1 i in 'i.)nouo vXlA. Intar it wmn, mb nbli h' a ;. ? 4 Ll

'a aIn.. w, ( ,rx r, a bn

Oab> o b1ra ois rhenr, a tiavwboiw op 1^Et1 'Q; ftPr 8 A(yJt Mooosoj i
p 9tsr of the Hblo P., a rte. Obtain iFloyd ne *tor of
t ho Pwom tw Whentlo0sn that wwa orTwe4ev In 8mnggring cons
' eN 0aoen ftre tho Tlhited Statee into OtA Atinc Ihe -
CG'-Aos iariuan *Mi. Plov: e lillful ovimation r-d ourage
onablod his to pT0o throwrh hevy fntrole on asemorn ooonaiohs*



I,'!, Yu I I, i rxi.. .1z -.I:
. Jfnat, i C
1Jwc* n ila ZPoid -

ki*sr Q cnt ter of J h. m* he t-hs- nt r yUy r3ozf' .

e'hl ** Gixbrnn ?-.or:o1i V<; 11t .tri |A rt VousiC ts' t..C2 '

od *!. 0 t'1.tiwr u:t o:towui ion or' Ininu r::-luion s *. -'d ,
=:'+.:.i :.. ..d:a O. *: -i'' Vi'_V G,: 7.,: -7; L '_ at,. I ni.- oft ? .30U, ..
L.--;n o fre;: g AS !r:rWA' l c os OA h (.13i)

^ !.. : ;L o .i iaT A 1. .1 .'.r:. ", "'. ri+.:
: n : parts, Octo.j.-,, ,'.3. A.A J .",ol a, ,1.
" 'Ar ts. J. o; ~"1'^a MrW< 3xt,.r-'Ari oj( ,luTL'.lia t* u.: ?..> C 0 o rms., :I. 1r .'w ..owan nor. In A875) h-.t ov;.'. '' '^^
*>;^', In 'K ;ht Oli7 6.i odifteil f1st S -o *!!a or, :-: '; & *s

y, 7ion the *OAubkc. IstoCr he fxtsIchod (he *?T* *:.-* \o,0
,oh --o0. h-le o toiilro. t.ion .ot t fhAm tn d O', t*.-*.f 1tn, :Sl

P/?rte, knotdad tto onoJ oa in mij m'1i11e-.-, 1s 3 ok
a nd i'^I" r8d *Sh< nto-ro to rin o one. iHe Tr9o from 1300 ^

rIIl *n Iorsernt de4o4ae (1I)

John. t 9haoetQ a natie of 3yur;V Gwollas I
aon bor) fapree, **lt.' oe?*rn tr)forO 97 o renotw'ida.^ o? *M0
.u:jta. ,ovod to J4oknonlillo ir. h:I ~sh ad A "^n'sd ^ .W
.ohooln hwre. nteored tS ministry In the He boift En'ootal |
docosl'atson, aoni aftr seval moonoafui yourn. ontcrod pol :

i ^
______: _____t- y *

nw History 13
J.o. Johnson io
JokoonulUo, I1orild

itioe and boonno Deopty ,Oaootor of Inte nal Ravenuo.
At ono tino ho mo h mrAnn of t'?i Stato Ropbic1onn ODn-
vontion. (13)
An obecrvor of JaoBkonvol-~i orderly
foverr--nt, "ith ito lo-r tVx z^.aoo, ito McrllPally-o1nJ '
Ti.ublo utilitioo, nVd ot.h'r "o-',uro not ,ntor..!7 .-ut d
in a uoorir~tiy 1ti oio mio y o-r, IrnErlod t ioaw t' ort
that 'o JXcikoonvll 7o ro l? -a mnA7ayd in brinr1nr- tlao 0"o"

-oono In 13,7, who3 at ofr nortion of .)oac o o Ul,* uion
*r' noat in *':q Dothbo& taptiot oeroh ,rnd dr"o. U rotnow
tlon o b3eoo0o *bom fida o1ti6one of Fiorld..

rom tbo following yoIar, Thon Tn-Irowe yo
l 9 thoir franobine, o' a fow yeroso ago, -too- V tV1 r.n.t
blt fcr oa.jor rolitOi,2 ?onto ** cAo Io t -o oztyy, 0ot
c -ro ato.ov in and out of t'0 poliotd ploture fw ebontely
and in a.ny inetoos mado loatinr ipreatoion in the -pro
coca. ( 1)

M e Ito. proent orderly eobool eyatm Jteok*
aonville, and auoh of tho root of Plorida are lruoly indobtod
to JonaWt n C. bb, a o-ro wo as olootod Sooretwry of'
Sttnfundor Govarnor vrwrison B. lbod in 18668, and wo boona

ft-. I

NEoro antor
J6.. Johns on
JAo4-aonvillo, Forida

Stato Duporintndont of Ednuotion tnfter Vto death of !bo&d.

Olbbe in t:o0 root oat"u-n i of ilU tha
"raoo. oT o hav hold polition.l oflioo in t*'c ptntoe At

tho tlno of -ilo inounbonoy ao corotr.ry of Sta tcV2o -no

Vtotn-dinC a0onx -:l Florida ?oltial fl~*pca. Cl'_n-out .
honoot, foui"Awn cnvd roesouraoful, ho util1:od bi.s Prino::ton
aJ Dtrtnouth iduc'.tlon fr*uoo-tLy to ocoro lortol ion o 'o
bstn:.'fl;l to t'a o~f t~tt r-uh of it I" 0till o- P)o

bo:kas. Tpoo ho oawod novcrnor ncd froim arr~coJ-hront; It
as ho "Who fCInJly btcko *; o rulo of oxploitatlon and 'r'ftl
of tVo o.rpot ? rorn nr"d unsorupulous *O'd r lna oc.-~on In

tho A^'0o at nt tI-ao, aj -ho0 n 'da 'uporinteaent of Ediora
tion, in 1873, ho uthorod tho Florida O6So t EAuontion bill
t',t asfdo free ohoolo, run by orderly nroooon .oo-
0ile. ( 3)

Oibbo .Jiod of whvt ir freouontly -?i to
'awv bo. n poion.'n a'ftor ~ .: nJrean of :4o nmdOr Oovrnor

. Ctoorn in wNhih ho had bitterly attookod n uMportet of
Otecmr. (3;)

7lorld'9 tiroat lo i la ur after f .tlose
of 'he Civil % r numbe d savorn1 Jtokeonvillo Norvoes nong

two ninotocn r1osroeo nomtod a^ T-allaseemo. WIiol Bol-nia,
who had been orfored fivo thouannd diolln to rofM e''e oeat

in tho lowe bouee and wto t~d noolnflly iMnwc d tho tribeo




Noro flistory I. 14
J0. Joboon tmU
Jnotnonville, Waridr

wan pIotAbly th host not-blo. John B ooS o$ O found .
out too Lato tht hi. ond:icdhoy hWQ '56n paLnod no a
-irokn Por-?n to a.&oaro to loot1oon of -'-ot'or man, lid not
-in thVv sonm 3t ioat for Ty'ioh ho h.J oQ oneo.tod. (1 )
"h1rolCilur of 1T374 vlolnd t d O To- 1
rooa frov. Duvld Countys 3zwnul gponricnr p"n tor, :rd
D\nlo. "olnnis r-d J.*7 '".nc~d, rop eonontalvon. I- i8@3
Jo~n,nh ,. Loo, lator ol-1ootor of ournoono bhoo hob.! the
Seantorial popt frov t.'la ooutlon. (15)
JAokBonvillea8 o ty govornront fclt tho ful
foroe of t~:o to;-o politionlly in 1.07, abon :; to-no of
Pafl~ 1d lld dd V LaVilla,. both -Ith LArvo '7("ro -Wul i.'lonl,
eore rnde pxr~o of J"o*X'lmv'ilo. Pnirfield wr't looob d to
tho eaot of wlt mnm then t&o body of t o olty, v Tin Vl1a
cf~-: a~t lt\ Iti now OC y sgtrnt and oontinuod waoet'rd to
'!lrtlo Avhonu. LAVIll brought in tho bulk of t o Te -ro
homs in t o olty. ( )

As e uy so 1370 to .1ner-ooITz w .O u
and 0.B. tiFaone, bad bean soateda aes oty av4ean ot 4
the btoluaton of ttL til aMd 1rifil d e p.easibelo ,the
odlootion of a alate headd by 0.8. Bhith, a eor, ,,rnd on
this sInte were fi Ngro dormnM ro a mioital
Jude awrd a ewlro obslrnm eo the mooe ooei eelon. Dring -
this adainistratioa fifteen smmb'i of tho poli1o foroe of


JakoAwsml..l, Florida

tnmfty-t*roe wee flo-Oes. A n7or-o f1iro O pony c i"a In
oporatlonj t -e deputy Unitod Statoa Collootor of Batvonuo .
mas Joseph E. Loc, a tooro; t'~ oonotmtblo, Teothy M1l-
inea, 'm a 7?o-ro; and t'Vo -ontof7loo .'Aim rrny of Ito do-
A 1rtrontn hcalJ, 1i "ory >r8an. (1 )

LaVUll;l,. In its int yo'.ra bxforo Its 3a
7infs ~on tO o oit7 of Ja"Oco -a lo, .4 Id n '1tro
'f"Eo ?-o~r t f.l feroo. _C1TOO -no 'el.-. coto :t ro -oo
Smuel psrLnG, 1ti7y trrlOauror; I. ..'ki-no, r o.ll-
Sylvumo bTrt, olork; T.C. Clirnrne, tax coloo tor; -John
E. !o=rin.fg, Dobeat Oeni, JobI T okor :-o d A C'7rn)o.lU, g doc*
ton. (14)

Th- prvawo ,roo of !rrooa In t'o oity -ovnr-
6ont nwL broken durinrT ho .V:rczt 7-r'1o. tofer opldorio of 'Th
late *809o a 4 orly *'DOo' during thN opldo'rio .vc\arly half
of t, .0 nlth arnininstmtlon fled fron tho olty for rfety,
and thoir oncmioo w-ro ablo to anamo oon-ol. '7 oy brought
hibout t c .cotoM of a law at T1 la'aioooo t:t cudo nains
of a olty oouhoil the bunineso of the governor this onnoinl
in trmn elootod its omm aaor All of the olooted Ieroe
lost in tbo follo-wain ftoBnlatration, nnd oaet of the appontw
cd offloials. (e;)

ioo tiat tiho, though, tho follUoin, man have
'takon prt in tae "ovotsmont of J ackniomlle C01 rloe 0. n I
i0plt% ~age go. ~ea and John R. Soott, oity oounollalm)

I.. -, -


-Nofwo ilotory 1e IS '
J.U. -Johnson I
J au keonllo, Fiorids

D.3.D,. Baolas, Chorleo Ia ano and Lavi ha oe, ownitary
1 :.;Aorao) JOojoph E. Lte, ool-leoor ancd luty3 7 ootlootor t
of au.r~aa and othorn. (-4)
i oa:fort ,;o io-aos In local -.vOrn-=
:ont -' rcjado in 1321, -qhan cardo 3,3#,3 an.d 13 ontorod
"' rc oanariJeae fo-0 Alty oounoil. nonT Tf '.coo '-.n-,i-
anoa*, ho-'3vr c-o olocotl. ( 3)

J:.okoonvli.o Eor .. o,, tin otior oltloo of'
Plorlda jnd 0 of o oi (ny ot'cr otAtoo b'.%n oho"n ov"Cer
'oad.lnoon nrowp it3 :o roon to ontor fl ldo of oo- creek
ond ontorpmri In 1002 tvi firet locaL !Tn-o bink -"kr ^odd;
0.!T. 'art or -.nlsed It .nd hanaiod ito a ti"ro Itn -yoch P.
rarunor t nt bq U :1 1j0 to boat truthumlly after Its volun-
try aloeo 0n4 lildation In n 113 tVit hie mnn Vo no looal
WxnI n one olooing aR a not ncoonpanod by tho lo.b of c single -
pao-ntr b7 a dotpoIJtor* (7)
Another bnk apn trd In 13 :8, opera oed
by !.". aobinoon and others, ith a o'pi'tal of 005,000, ti .
institution operated for tw or throe yuars one of the
karpot owro enterprslee in the stateto (14 *
An~am.hr l J lb, ,me oporatoed hee by
ChO.lo Hs. Andoron, an onterprisin young rf~h erobant end .
realty operator ftr 1914 to 19 31. urii tbhat tiee it tinbd

; o

Hor.mo latory P at .IT '
".n. Solmaon 936
Jackoonv111o, Flouira

Led amoh of the oo bU rkinr that 'ms done in Imwn and
wrmondAinr ooutteis, and ongoyed fa In- 3 "1t p tronffO .

rott, ':foro t 10 to tico L -crkmn, rcicptod covo-' oontrItec
for rofuse ; oovz:ivl thnt Later c-e tc 1% to ilo baoomring
fox -I p'rlod of time ona of Vt. clty *n f.lyIt fln-ol.-ri. *
DModrnAtr;, :\n a ;ontractor rrc-ood .: dodo furturno. (4 )
On: of '"~. r, irn ..ry 'oCDdn ,orcs ore
11n lAun :o0ln% -nl opcnod rc Wl'irty o0ro0 av-o b'v sovWral|
.hil..cn of J.". ,t*or, :.na fo:r nrmy ":roq t di the oin-
4;lpn'ii .1.noon of I.ny *;.orxc of '" tpo on 3ro.d Str"'t.
rcar it, IL'."i! <'joinr 'rfr;o volir.:: of 'aj-r1-one -nn
;0.!:wT I cc &Pr.m lolose od by D.Cj p rr. rornt, a 1ob oo-
mto-C on 'cr -qorEro on &'.- rAiElr .1cox o T)o "nyro
?.:roo.do A c0.:-1 on 0 ..-. 3':ro t. (17)
A a'derct cnr oor -.ny ownod nr.d opertod
try !cr'ooo, --ih Ainom- oa.hine Into Wortro owtions-sftalB
oity 4Or= t rneoritlon an4d -:ithoro nover racwhad-, w-
one of tre uniqo *1shta of JAlcksonvillo in tb orl .
of tho prehwnt owntwry.
The tot:ot oar -owmpar ma atmrtod bi a m&
naood R.P.. Robi-eon, 1 for'mr LoteL*o ?or, co11 aate al
man M 4 dputy RWxhalls, td v gmoup i^OuDiA:%. With Ito
o0 ftnaonbes rM4 plnty of optimia thooo aon laid .ome our
rAl*o of ttrkaoge,- oonstruot tho nooeantry ovorhoad- fee

u--- qA

W9 HBitoory rae 1a
JJtl Johnasn -M
JaOksonville. Florida

itioe to operate their ars, and bo0an hanlol pvaonegor .

The line reached doop into "le section of
the olty that Is now knonm an HIRneontown, the area t:~At

lioe INoth of S9 o Ta ~rot. South of Spri~nfiold PRrk
Enwt of Drvia stroot and pon' of tPSII. Out Oay, Orzange .

Loulnsim and othor atrcoto ono lino went until it r -ohc

tho oity limits on lonorlof Road, a point within a shortt
diotnoo of a Lar-oe n Unonvr park for fforroe t'at oatoy

a wide populrity durinC that timo. Another lino wont wo

nwrd on what to now Kingo onda to Uyrtlo, tonoe to the

city 1nite.

The epro lino oaao to atn abrupt end nix
yoaro after Its ontablinhnent, when an offer fron a group

of white Boston finanoers proved tonnting' and the. bold a
wore oold at what records a~l sa good prioeoe.-t booamr

nart of the Jacksonvillo Trotion Ooapany, whioh it toy
the oBtor Trannit ooemny. (10)

At the Worthemat oorne of Oesm UtAd tlia
Wtreete stands the ALfr-Aaer'ioa Life Inaurance OoapeaP

greatest oontributlon to the doonomlo history of the Naigt

in Jaoksonvrlle.

It has assets vauld at sorm th n one aiUO1n

. .


IToro m oietory t 9 19
J;I.' Johneon
J Jakoonviilo, Floitda

dollar, nonrly twenty illon dollars of buatIhen in
foroe, and aonloyn over neove hundred foPr.~ o in ito
two hundrod and oovonty-fivo brPnohoo soattorod all over
tho eotnron of Floridna nd Oeor~ia.

The -Afro-Aiorlonn ao An outerovth of a "
unique protootivo aO.r'wnment tIt oovoral of '.ho 3Dthol
'ptint Chnr iA ocf!bcro had utilsciod to v'fford thornolvoo
dooont b.~r.".n nrd r fow doLlaro for thoir dopondl to. Thia
dyoton m a tho po0l1ng at roiuar Inorvals of a anall otip-
Ulatod am front onoh pnrtiolpntinn mnobor, nn upon dohth,
tho bonofloilrioe of doocfd d oere p~ d ou, of tAin poc;1. (4)

Tho idaom wno ewo no coptod; byr te ?t'he of
1300 tVio ontorprl-'o had -'twn to ruoh nro-'oorOlona t'at habnmi
lin, it wit'dn V.o ohuroh ',td booome inpre Iontlo (4)

Alfrod Prioo, a builder aid a na.bor of
Dothol. ur-oateao ".~t to point tht tho venture bo rand
Into a buni'oon. litl Rovorond J. Uilton T.l bon, + otor of
Dothol, Rovorond ,J. Orext, of Ut. Zion A. !.. Chur h and
pother, a rodast organization m set up, (4)

It mas deoided Wtht ton poersonm oul~ 4 o sap e .-
tocntrliute oono ~ -ndred dollar eoao to float the enterlpri~a .
at lomot six of tho _-mmb aro knowm to have done so. (4)

Iti growth mn rapid. At the time of the fire
that o opt tho oity in 1901 it had dovloped to theo point


1 *

VeWeo History Pagoe
.J;W. Johnson a 0
JaokeBonvlle8, norim

that oovoral tJ:onand dollars wore involved in tho books
of tho oonoorn whioh wore at first bollevot destroyed by
t'o tfiro tbt intox found to hIvo boon navod by t'o horoioa
of th~ one atonor"'-pher the buiinono afforded. (4)
Uont Of tho 7ar-rooa of tho lity Thooo "aOnO
1*v. e prorInont V -tho time toreO dlantifled 4ith tho ontor-
priso. A;L; LowIs rooontly rottrod prooldont of tho buirlooes
,.D. Ervin, pronant onshierj A.C. Portor, publirhor
of a newsopora Dr. Artluar TI1la Smith, UtamB Eartti !'.tt. 'it
an.l othora, (4) (17) were drawn in.
Tho braino "n of the Afro-Ararion in the cmmatin
yoars -wnt far out of tho bounds of puro inmurnnoe, .undrode
of thoupanda of dollars wore pnid in nort ve loasn to v
tho honoa of nTorrooos other thountnds want into nohoole, o0robh
6n nnd burinoneos othor thnn inosurnoo in tho form of donmiono;
loans and invOstt~nte. amllor And eubsoquont inauranob oop-
oorns wroe purohated a-d merged with the growing oermaintion.-
Today tVe AUroatoaM im SonoSeed to be the i etv
soonoedo aoblhwennt of ,the tgro in nForit. ve e ooal Prba I
iem. politiol move or eoonoaA adjitant on a lare o -
to undortaken without the participation, in neas ftom of the
Afro-laerloan of its head, Abrohan L Lewis. (17)

S '. *V a

Renrob tatory g
JJIL Johnson 9
Jnokonvillo, Florida /

Tho Af1o-Ariolun, hoovor, "ae not tho firot rTolm
inrmrayoo oompny in tho fi1ld. It 1no prooao'd by r% fo" yoe 0a
by a Jaoknonvilloa bwnoh of tho Union Uutual Innnuwnoo oriy,
a oopriny thn$at m thoa ono of t o la\rroat in tho fold, nd
one of !Vi first 'c- To oomwilon ootablishod in Amorla. (17)
Tho Union 2utual'o horo ao o' uo1le .AlAbnyra, -loro
i1 "an foux'loi byO C. Flrit Johnoon, C,'.. Potorea nd othor nn
oiatoo. It ontorod tho Vlor.i& fioldo at Ponnnoola in 130'r, o
tabiAhinm, nn office in Jaoknoknvlllo n ou* a yonr J.z tcr
.Johnson .:rnotlf wma ono of t'one 4ho ontablin'"od tho 6dfloo,
rnd r upanpter, alr-Ady oitl'en of t in i'.y,, we ono of
tho founders.
Tho Union Lutiual onjoyod a proonoroue onrcor and
in 1011 mptor me n blo to t b out ruoh of hao intorczt hold
by Johnson. 0ore of hin took ,'n old to tho four aognte or* t
inr for tho oonoorn c,' the ti The ooepnpny b- tl'a tine hbad
bon ro-ortaniaod as a Plorida ntorprlces (18) *

8uper died in 1918a. be oomean ws argod wdth
tho Poople Inoamnoe onmpany in 198M. (18) .

Theo PIplegeo Insuranoe Mompany omo into boing in
1919,, organized by A looal group of proVlent ohuroh, ftatfer
nal and Ibuiness pean (10)

,~~~~~~ ,'; *.' ',

nogro riotory age 20
J.l, Johno 9
Jakonvil, Floria

th-e founders inslnod Oaptan J.!7. rIoyd, 3 shops
J.A. Grv nng d John =urot, DO0. Vanderorarot D.D. Pomwol
nnd otherO.
Tho oonpol:' rmo oound tnd rollnble during its lifo
ad handl d n oononl l rabl portion of vho or ro butnlnone
In Jaokoonvillo ot-d throughout tho itat,o '(10)
Dy 19ll tho. oaprqny had rychbed nuoh ntvrirfth that
on thn the Uonutul SEorTp(vy failed, thq Poonpl-o mao rnbi
to abeorbt itn 'xtoinoen wit1h mdvl"t~-,e to tho poli-o7-cldora.
Tho Peopleln wao in turn aboorbed by the Afro-Ar'orln in 1935.

The Oltizone Innumnoo Oopanny wo or-Nt.Aizd in
1024, by Attornoy 7*, PArkor, Dr,. IU.. Yflllan Dr. I;A,
'Thto, A':tornoy 2.D, !o0111, o.J. Collier nOd other. S3ooSal-
1sian lwrfely In industrial nuranoo, It -row rapl;Uy and
nro noorpornaod into tho ooobinod Afro-A-orioan OocwVny holed.
inge in 1933. 7*.' T Parxkr mae prelidont of t o oonmany, (38)

S On the Southeast ornS Of at Ot hihe slae boo"s
BroMd & Forsyth 8te..
one of Jakoleonville' busiest latissoation; onee atood the

Boye Department Store, a venture wseoe hiotory mrovideo a ,
fine eiple of "ocro enterprise in the latter pnrt of ~h
pamt century .
Boyoe, a, Dltimorean, opened the tore in 181
': *

;, 1


9efro tLatory
JA.. Johnona
Jaokoonvi., F. norid

with a took valued at five hundred dollre. This took
offered a wide variety of eorohl-diAe, And thVe tnilnese

.8t ono time Boyooea tore a nloyed ton olork:a
in addition to t',o iwrm-o nunbor of nshlnppniln do-
livory :,nd ot nr onployon. It *no operator u-t.l 10.-*, whon
i proprlotor, who had invented oxto a'ivly in royal ontate
in T~ao'inton, D.C.., rotire d and roved to t'xlt city to ive.
At Vt'o tire t'., ntoroa olonod, itm took had ,ro*wn to a wvlu
of thirty tboun.d dollar It -no one of -ho few Jn :ksonville
buqineonen t't oan not lonoroyod by tho 13 1 fire. (n. )

Anot or unu ul t xnineon venture ms t"o a*oo tore
of Jpe MoLendon,. Jo.Ao PFose And WlJ. Oete, whioh van alo
located at orunyth and Brod 8trrete and opened in 1892,

This store operated for o nmbr of year with
nuoones and provided a olo r"mt for a mwber of olferf. Zt
me aevntiuLly by two of ito propriotors to VoIndo (31)

A five.-etory oqfioe buiidie a raeei anoa &Ad-
buino ea oture in the center of a b~W look in Sto oity'c
m3l-town r .mand a lrg'e lode-hball and public nra itorm


Negro History Page 86 .
J;.X Johnson
Jaoksonville, Florida
constitute a part of the effect of the fraternal order on
Jacksonvill(e' egro history.
The most imposing of the structures i- the Color64d.
Uasonio Temple, a five-story briok building at Broad and
Dural Streete. This building was erected by the 1rand Lodge
of Maeone, who date their appearance in the local field to 18
1870. (a) .
It was built in 1912, when the order was headed by
Reverend John H. Dickerson. The order had been divided in
two separate parts at one point of its career, but by 191$ had
been united and waahat 14 said to be its most affluent period.
The structure ie vIlued at approximately three hundred
thousand dollars, sad house a large part of the Nero profee-
eional population of the olty. (23)
At about the same tiae that Masonry m e established
among re roes of Jacksonville, an order of Odd Fellows was set
up. (34) This order attracted large. numbers of men and women into
membership, and to house the order, they ereoted a large b6ild-
ing in 1893. when it was destroyed by fire in 1901, it wa imedi.
lately replaced by the ooMbined efforts of Wli1s GaMrrisol e, t
Andrewa and Daval lodges and the Household of Ruth, with a largeI
three-storied meeting hall at the Southeast corner of State ad "'A
Pearl'8treets, that has since oone to be one of the most used '
public auditoriues in the city. (25)

falro Saetoar .. 88
.J4B Johamon
"Jaokaonvlle, 12oridt

fTh-' ii~hts of Pythine ~o the third of tho
mnjor frato rnl orders to ontor Jhokeonvilleo, rd their
building tho nooond lnr.nqt TTro-ro Qtrjcfwo in tho state,
tadeqtoly att sta tlhe favor the order hns hold in tho on-
toae of tVo !Toeroom.
Tho K of iP. -mo one of tho -o.t4 oolorful of the
ordore, l vwlng oioratoo oor~mnon and sanl-ailitary own-
tomo, ,aJ at ono tla mwea wrrl o3+otbllahed throughout he
entire potato. It probably reanohd its atlumron durta tho
naminaletration of T~7 Alndrwm, its Orand thnnoellor fpr a
number of yanrn. (M3)

The first homo of the K. of P. a built
prior to tho firx of 10 nnd destroyed later in ;that blase.
onothor wa ereoted at Union and Droead tr-,te, and Ito proaent
home o ss onstruoted in 19~1. It stands in the riLUe of the
look on Aasley Str -*t btwoon Jefferson and tldison 8tueete.(ST).

mong ot hemr oranitaatiton tVht uve b tped
Bod, th hietery of looal eto are thoe Srwo
LrdMAu,. treated elesbovero in this snavro the Oatioaml AessO
ointton for the ofu* It Of ooored Peopl a Mew trok orm
ganit tion with f strob 2a aL tamoh hos,. nnd other. .1he
Wuols ra oea oatros fo the sooal and WoonoMAio watt ef the

- mi. sJohnTr
Jaoksonvlie, n2rlla


Bo-r here, with a boed nroiara of tplift Mad .welfa re
and the national Asaeoiotion for the lvandwoom nt of Oolored
People har on a umbor of ooonoionn fought tbo political
and 1o0a Nx~ttles that havo arisen through t' o pamt to .
doados. Joo HI. Jaano tIA exMutivo toorotnry of t'o 1M1
fnro Lonfes, nnd nobort T. Thomaws I nronlJont of the
nIAAP. (30)

On $1xth Otroet, botwoon Franols and Cloveo
I 'tnd Stroats in old' ount Rontsan oasotezy, Jaokoonvllle, is
a monmoent vith the following .noorlptlons *m9J tablet rM Ik
those ravt of Thompeorn WllimI, "a rrfo i4o Oiod Ootebor 38,
1908 froa wmonds re ive~d nhle endonvorlt to protot the
honor of a white apmn.s (39)
Thoe layar of Vili.Ltia ia nover. anpwB m~
ed. Ore*. C(n Nis t1ias, hi dO widow it oighty-two ypear of
oge and lives in Broqolyn, ew TYor, (30) (31)

* .





Warro Ulatory PagUs a7
J. Joobnon a IO
JckionvtiLc, wroiid

Probate tllo # 1706
SCounty Of Offioe, n' o
JAcksonilUle, Florida
Wl11 Book A Peo-9,5


I, Franolo RiOQbl'd of ti Oomty of DUval in tho torrltory f
Fnorzia boinr of sotmd mind and memory and in igood bodli..
h~Alth, but awuro of tho moortainty of human life. Jo .amo
anid publish t:ftae y last l sad tctamtent hereby rvoking
and smkinw void all forer 3Wli by as at any tie h*rotofo
r ads.
A~d firl tt1 ~fUat. That my body after y dooaoo. ;e dooany
Interred and that my func-ral be oond~oted in a ean..or oorro
tauiing with my estate and atuation in life. And as to
rorldLy estate wherwith it hath pleased God to blues nse,
dispose of tVio nac as follows
ZiUSt I direct that all my debts and funeral exponace bo* pd
as soon a ter my deooase as possible, out of t e tint mo in
tVt shall omO into t~e hands of my ,iNsOutrs fta a3n port
of my estate, real or peIkonal.
SAon I give and bequeath to uy liitimte on Em
for ~tnd during thi torn of his natural lifeaand to his het
absolute after his death in foe simple the following *ala s
witt Jim7r a negro man and his wife Louiea and ttheir ohil

Wa-o R itory 2 88
J.U. Johnsoa IRO
Jaoeonville, Florida
naaed Hbnry, Jonny, N-ry Ann, ,liabeth (a child) and Ired4 r
lot. Al.o tho Mn -Lrootcr of aI d oildran, named Manny; alo
L-7 l*'vr Affey f and Tlddy. In oaso my non r-inotis, .foronid '
should dia itlout hoira, mny "-ll In that all of the fora n-
tioned Alavems should m to arnd bo Otr.117 d&ivdod ~-ong my
colored ohildfrcn l Ftor?O. ?r=jiroa, n ognelf. r
LM-&. JOhn. JL2S P qonviavi ?tf rArooidimn In naytlh
jiariI fgiv r d b **u h t a fror zolcrod -amopn -o' raiding
in thh3 lelind of "r7ti, ir 4.-c "bat Indcice, mnma- Trega my
l.2.veae tHrry, P.-inoa and 11crr.'oth --d hor loran.
ousrtb ~I iUoe.-t thrbt all arT 1:.ndo and rorl nroncrty mnd al&
my p-rfonal property InolndiAnrn il.vae(except mioi a" mpy b in
those aeoiflo l.-acion herein nade) bo old.t -rd dornw.rtod ito
-ny.y, rnd cut of ".n fund thu* oro ed I iv and bequAth to
,, ,a. aolorod mora i th ntm of five hnmdrod .dollare. Tho baIl
mnoo of naid rcner, I hnarby diroot to go and b, divided eqially
aronac to'- follo-ln*- prrnons to witl
M'y llitiamte non ?r?.nola ae.forearid -.nd my oolored ohii'dron

Po5sgg AMIU CUE2121a JWMa014O. J0o"in.A
,iya. TeaM ftt bar 1ldrea, tIAia Mhobsl and

As, it to prdbble that 6y oolorod children before mentaon4
nill soon a11 reside in tive sla-nd of ayti 11 'o lost Indi. .
-I't% is my wish and deal." and I hereby disoot tVAt in onetmy sea

O .'
: .!2/ -^"

!Treo Hiatory
JA.L Johnson
Jaokaonivill, Plortid


Pranois aforesaid abould dio leaving no heirs, the slaves
and te innoreane twereof mentionod as lvwn atvd bequeatht '
to him be 1dividd in spooif o property equally -n nearly
as oar. be among ay colored ciAldren before acntioned and
shipped to thO in the Raid Island of Hayti,

I"e c=.": 1Sf1l =.71i6s, C 'our*l Cr a .ist'r.eoe =a:-: t anty
tir.3 ooao0033 n.oc.:.ry 1: t:.t :.;ttl:e..' t or ic.'D itlonr of my
a ta ,e or ary affairs .uO.'1in the csa. i 1- 7 -~ 1l th1t

u.u 31l L* Slrritt, asqi be jonsultet br my Mr! It1' rM and:
LVgal R*-.presnantives and iDo profo:.-ional Vorviousa -w'oy7d
if. pr'otiile- an't in oaas t Canu3l Durritt a 1 uld nt tny
tineo wisa or raqulr soaoolrtoa ooutal tcouohine my w tfrtir
isiativt to may oCatnt aa uforeauid, 1#. lj. E:y --ill t at

"zin.-tSNJGo, of #to ..'0 ty of St. Aui'w.ino, Atto ne 0
a.-id Counoailor :at Lu?, a'*'-uld ao roti.nod anid uplooed for that
purpose, if protioobleo.

In witaes ~hro o franole P ohnrd, hr-vto ay t
Ande I do lued s by th. ni nd oxd t~ y oy o A "uget in tsh
AL f of tVi oity of at* hAumwtian -i i a

44 I 2..A..,-

In witneBss wereof I rnnoiu vfiohard, V.vo to '# 13 my13
net oy hMnd and soeal thin ninenuth d9y of Auvuot in t11

to to !f!tiupy a 30
J.o. (Joha 30
J-.o' onviAls. FPlo idt
.r l
ypar of our Lord Onl Thmand Sisgt undlred pna a lhty oervs ,.

.,;. .lh. (3 ()2AL)
:' e", :,--.- .. -; i. <: G. : -; ec
n .'* '.- ".t'b 1- :.1 1 A. r -:.: ,. :, .. :': ,. '-, ,

*;* i. (32)

t 3"j."-': ** r -, r e a,11 o.- '"; .. 'A: Iqs

]P*',i .P.a. t omiu o R1oa;Dp .5sn oi, suoo o 4.ti.d oic ,"s ol<
-booo ^i O r ir 3of '..s:e vint, m attio : : pron- -o J .bo

c -.0 to 'w.va- br n birouc't diztou'ly from Afrtoa. S040V-a X-t

ill!cr; v, r- boTrn S.o ttc t5n. Thoy *7c0., givs overy eduoefte

a& advmntge tVIt V:oe dty7 afforded. Shortly afttr ho me '
^ ri'.I ba toWattor with "evormi of hir G 11*.uror. -a toI
Puorto PWtf, Repubites;Dominionna. here he died on 'iA oG
beeWsteade Ono of lis d&muftewariei a very prominent IT:

s1oroe oiatxy ar 32
I..D. Johnso m
jaikonviUlo, 7lorid.

oonville mNt. Another o nmd and llvod on tho, aite 4'heo theo
T7indoor Totel non stnanda. Oono of tVo deooen..Sfnts of FrPnol
.ioihn.d'n ohildron mho reominod in the tUnitoa Statos till
roolJo In Plorida, whilo tho desoon r.nts of his ohildron
'. ~ont to Puerto Plaon mtill livo there(33) (34) (35)

i 1

Ameronn OuiAdeayro S Tritoree Unit)
Jaokoonviilo, Florid
J.'.* Johnaon o?-r=o History
Corr-loto A.w lI.. 1930
SJoI A. 31icr;

1. i Frodaorlck 'avio, Tint.oy of J".o!oonvl .o, -ub.it. ,
;by ?iol' ^ HI *tcrionA focity, 1;).5.
' 3i-atory of Durtl County, P?.4 Go-.l, Pc"corA P ub. C.. .
t. Aurn Alno, F0loridaL
0. !r!K, Ophoali. !ooro (Dcon .':.rtk, ) .i ,i ."- .! 1 t, J c::c. n-',

U. -1 "Eart4 14. 'hito, ?ron. oFlorzln "uour t.*ro TI:tory !1
611 T7 A"-?hloy.ro^,- J' Olkor Por
5. ri'ntro Woore, Tx- 'nvo If o 1- drf.ce, '. Wkn, P orilL .
G Aty.I ,o 0 o GiOl, 61.0 7. Duvwi 0trct, J.: c.'xonvlia, ?"lori,
7. wlvntw t. Flrt, I 7 !orcrif An, J'c.::-ovi.:3, ,.:.w Ci
]3. !rs. titti~ PrutOa, ,toornot Or :)f J. rotmro, :'o .7 vin
Ure?,, J--okhnavl I aO Flori .,,
3. Afro-Arricas Proe And Ita ditras n, bly Io ar1.jl1 Pern, .
Atlanta, Gmo'or-1a.
10. Inteori'w Tith : Uly of -.ao 'I t! LoOry, Uonoa.-if A7ranu,
Jaoknonvlllo, "lorl1a'.
11. I1torvlo" -Ith C.pttlin J.". FPloy, 017 Cl: x'ro-t 'J0 onon-
VIUl.T, Florl-An.
12. few York Age, ore 'Toookly, Pubilosod in now Tork Cl'y. :
13 Interview witTi iubjeot, kinrv. d*., Janokontvio, Florlid.
14iL, 1b~* City Dirootery of Jroksonvi lo, iemaA of .LYd3.
15 Biwck Rooonomtruot1on, T.!.3. Dloiane, tnhroourt, Braoo & Oo.
16. 1,iliaM and Ikobort Robinaon(Donoonnteo) 61 3 T0 DUvaU 3tW 'et
janow4on1i4o, Florita.
27'. PReordV of OoMprny, rxnhlot oatiltod *Doath ollmn~ PjidM -.
isboo by t.ho oonomrn in 1935, publi'hNd a JMokeonvhU e
,* .


NoW o Mitory P Ma
J.tl.. Johnson 10
JoNnonvri.lq, Florida

Corpany. J.T, Loo, prwsnmt oorotary of -. o oomrny,
13. r7.T Parktor, L;jr.or ?renl-:t, Union Mltual InrC Go.o
41. road Stre 3c Jolcoonvi io, FlorlJso
13. f.C. "retorhornt* forrcr xrvnne? PoonlJc* Ins. Co.,
D3cwvnr va 3roiad "'tr3.-tf, J otoot..1l PForA,..
UZ '. -Cynrx-.u" .j, fomor 'rinployoo of Doyoono n tro
5 0 ". An0ilry 'tr't, J okRsovilla, ?lor..a.
J.A. ?ci.o, ,io, of foromr owner .1:4 .' cntar "trQt,
JX e;.-ionvl.lo, Plorida.
23,. Dr. T. Piner, old reonslnt of J.oknonvlic. 410 rold t
Johoonvi;o, ?lorlJ.A
C Corrtritono of rocai.ing, at or ;h~uat aorvor cf -truo .ro,
34. *Thto "tionAl Dluo 3Dcok, Jokaonootila ootllon, Imull 'l In 940
: 7 :luu Soork P",. nCop., r, Unlon Str ao, Jaksonri ft, Por itn
25. ornoritono OdW Folloewa Idinv, o rnnC ca Pearl nd S3rita
Otroit", Jaohnonv1lla, FloriJa.o
;3,. T.R.D, Iikor, in forwoord to '"tlonal B91w Book.
,37. Oornwotono: nt ontrnxoe K-ilhtn of 7jythiua 1l, A.hloy fttr-t
J:ackonvllib(, Florian.
Zo, R-oordi of org-nisnltionn eintiono1d .
29. Porasoml obiwrvation of tablet, Jaksomnille, perid.
W). Jakeoinville Ourt looowdAs Jhokawonl1lo, Flori .,
.Ue In ormation Iron letter or nl"dJo of Vi1Ulase datod October as6,
on f1le, JAokoonvilol polioo Dep.rtfont. (Detdoilve Bbroinu.)
3Z. Prolyte Fo e # 1759, Probteo Court Rnoord. Duiwal Qomnty Fioi
*.J. Atty. Chu A Poerw Jr., LrA ExbOrneo DOl'r, J-okhonvlle Flort
34o. -minione :3i.ll of "n w Yort City, N.T
35. liwitorn ome& &t Puorto Plat R.D.

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