Annual workplan

Material Information

Annual workplan
Farming Systems Support Project
United States -- Agency for International Development
Place of Publication:
University of Florida.
Creation Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ; 29 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )


Issuing Body:
Submitted to U.S. Agency for International Development.
General Note:
Description based on: 1984; title from cover.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: 1986.
Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
70876997 ( OCLC )
2006229270 ( LCCN )

Full Text
Farming Systems Support Project
Cooperative Agreement No. DAN-4099-A-O0-2083-00
Project No. 936-4099
The United States
Agency for International Development
Prepared by
University of Florida in cooperation with
FSSP Support Entities

Farming Systems Support Project
The 1985 FSSP Workplan is based upon a Cooperative Agreement
(DAN-4099- A-00-2083-00) between USAID/Science and Technology and the University of Florida calling for support to AID Missions and related entities in the area of farming systems research and extension.
The goal of this FSR/E project is to strengthen LDC agricultural research and extension programs in order to increase the productivity, income, and quality of life among small farmers in less-developed countries. The purpose of this project is to provide technical assistance to missions and LDC agricultural research and extension programs for the design, implementation, and evaluation of proj ects intended for the small or limited-resource farmer. Concurrently, it will build institutional capacity within those countries through training and networking.
The plan anticipates evolving changes of the cooperative agreement in 1985 in response to current concerns of USAID. Preparatory discussions and
reviews of the plan have been held in each of the AID Regional Bureaus, AID/S&T and the FSSP support entity system.
I. Working Obj ective
The working objective of the FSSP is to develop an interdisciplinary technology development delivery system (personnel and institutions of targeted developing countries and U.S.) capable of (1) assessing the constraints to food production; (2) identifying potentials to overcome such constraints in farming systems, and (3) generating and testing the effectiveness of alternatives that will enhance food production.
The Workplan addresses these objectives through the project's primary support activities of networking, training, technical assistance and stateof-the-art synthesis. Through these activities, the FSSP supports AID Missions, bilateral contracts, the Collaborative Research Support Projects (CRSP) and other agricultural development programs and institutions. The interdisciplinary nature of farming systems provides opportunities for the project to work with commodity- and discipline-oriented scientists and
researchers involved with the development and introduction of technologies contributing to a food production strategy for developing countries. Thus, each of the project's primary support activities are problem-oriented. An ultimate purpose is to draw together fundamental research and farm-level
constraints as the basis for development of appropriate technology.

II. Emphasis in West Africa
The Yorkplan indicates project emphasis in West Africa for delivery of services* Farming systems technical assistance and training needs in West Africa are apparent at all levels. In part they arise as a result of the introduction of a systems approach to research and extension, and from the integration of several disciplines and skills. At various levels, there is a lack of personnel with proper training and/or education to research, plan
and manage farming systems projects. Project networking activities are intended to facilitate technical assistance and training in addressing these needs.
Plans are to post a member of the project core staff to West Africa as a Network Coordinator to further strengthen peer linkages among research and extension people dealing with similar farming systems constraints in
various countries. This will entail budget reallocations and ability to locate the person within the region before January 1986.
III. Support Services:
This section cites (place and purpose) of the important networking,
training, technical assistance, and state-of-the-art activities planned for 1985. Details of (a) name; (b) location; (c) when; (d) rationale; (e) participants; (f) objectives; and (g) output (expected results) are provided in the attachment.
A. Purpose of Network Development
1. To develop collaboration among peer researchers from several
countries facing similar problems in similar ecologies.
2. To stimulate the utilization of relevant farming systems
research and extension methodologies.
3. To assist with organizational and management issue s that will
increase the chances of success for the network.
The FSSP quarterly newsletter will continue to support network communication, and the documentation program will continue to support practitioners through an annotated bibliography of leading farming systems
This should not be read to construe a disregard for Asia, the Near East and Latin America. The FSSP remains responsive to AID Mission requests from these regions and draws heavily on their farming systems experiences in an ongoing synthesis of the state-of-the-art. The experiences have much to offer to the evolution of the approach on the African continent, as well as to field practitioners.

B. Training
Training is oriented to short courses, workshops and hands-on experience for farming systems practitioners in developing countries. Training is also encouraged for U.S. technical assistance personnel to augment capability and capacity to address the training assistance needs called for by AID Missions, bi-lateral contractors and national
C. Technical Assistance
Technical assistance will be provided through requests from AID Missions and is expected to consist of requests for help in project design and project evaluation. Because of the size of the FSSP support network,
the ability to handle this demand will be equal to the funding that accompanies it. As soon as the Project Handbook revision is completed, FSSP will inform AID Missions and contractors of services available and in developing support activities in direct support of their needs. Team preparation through briefings, workshops, exchange visits and participant add ons (to ongoing work) is anticipated or requested by AID Missions in Rwanda, Burundi, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, and the Gambia.
D. State-of-the-Art Synthesis and Materials Preparation
At the outset of the Farming Systems Support Project, it became evident that the substantive base for support services was inadequate. This led to an emphasis on firming up the substantive base, following three lines of work.
1) The FSSP makes a concerted effort to synthesize and capture a rich USAID project experience, both in FSR/E and in general research and extension. Currently, much of that knowledge and experience is not captured in written, graphic or other form that would make it teachable. The third draft of a project guidelines handbook, based on a thorough review of earlier drafts, will be completed and tested this year. It aims to synthesize technical assistance experience and to put it in a systematic format, addressing the four stages in the life of a
project--development, design, implementation and evaluation. It is addressed more to management and institutional issues than to methodology. This activity feeds into, and is further strengthened by, briefing and
debriefing of technical assistance teams.
2) Case history research is another important activity leading to better understanding of farming systems (commodity livestock human interactions and production constraints). Case histories will look at research and extension organization and the results of varied approaches to
on-farm research.
3) Other research, being done outside of FSSP, especially in
on-farm research methodology, will be captured in the training units. It is anticipated that after the synthesizing exercise progresses, other needs
and opportunities for research will be identified.

IV. Summary
Several points of emphasis have given direction to the planned program of work:
FSSP provides needed elements for long-term institution building at low cost.
FSSP is not a "bricks and mortar" activity but is a low-cost approach to badly needed training in research and extension.
FSSP is attempting to improve research and extension communications among country programs.
FSSP is oriented to networking and network development to maximize the opportunity for limited human resources in sharing expertise and experience
between countries.
FSSP is providing access to the best people wherever they are (Asia, Latin America, Africa, U.S. and Europe) to address training needs.
In response to requests from AID Missions and through networking
initiatives of the project, the Workplan offers a strategy for implementation for 1985. Each of the interventions scheduled represents considerable foresight and planning during the past year. They represent initiatives that have been taken on the part of AID Missions, national programs, International Agricultural Research Centers, field practitioners, FSSP core staff and others who have identified a problem and have been working toward the resolution of that problem.
The following activity summary includes major events planned and under study for 1985:

Togo Networkshop: Animal Traction in 3/4-8/85
West Africa
OBJECTIVE: Establish a regional sub-network on livestock and FSR/E.
SPONSOR: FSSP, USAID/Togo in collaboration with IDRC.
CLIENTELE: Practitioners (research and extension personnel) from
Togo, Burkina, Niger, Mali, Senegal, Gambia, Sierra Leone.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Determine livestock systems technical assistance and training needs for 1985.
Schedule exchange visits to research sites for 1985. Schedule meeting for one year hence around research plans.
Identify representatives to attend ILCA June 1985 workshop on livestock and farming systems.
Burkina Faso SAFGRAD/FSU Review of Research Results 4/2-5/85
OBJECTIVE: Review FSR/E results (FSR: sorgum, millet, maize, tied
ridges etc.) and consider applicability for semi-arid West Africa.
SPONSOR: Purdue University/SAFGRAD and FSSP
CLIENTELE: Senegal, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Gambia (and others yet
to be determined).
EXPECTED RESULTS: Establish peer interaction around research problems and results from FSU activities. Determine potential and needs for continued annual research reporting and review networkshop. Provide workshop summary results to participants and others in comparable ecological zones. Publication of papers presented (English and French).

Kenya "Regional Farming Systems Research August 19-22
Workshop" 1985
OBJECTIVE: Dialogue and advance understanding of the role of FSR in
agricultural production and rural development of participating countries.
SPONSOR: CIMMYT, Egerton College, FSSP.
CLIENTELE: Country participants from East and Southern Africa
(CIMMYT sponsorship) and West and Central Africa (10 sponsored by FSSP).
EXPECTED RESULTS: Identify pertinent common research and training needs.
Discuss common production constraints for purpose of research planning.
Discuss training constraints to discipline and farming systems research.
Feasibility of pursuing network activities around
selected constraints.
Cameroon USAID Technical Assistance Seminar 4/22-26/85
On Agricultural Research in Cameroon
OBJECTIVE: Provide one-day emphasis on FSR/E approach to
identification of research priorities. Focus on research extension linkages for improved results for FSR/E.
Discuss and evaluate francophone anglophone FSR approaches/experiences in West Africa. SPONSOR: USAID/Cameroon supported by FSSP.
CLIENTELE: Cameroon research staff identified by the Ministry of
Science and Education.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Strengthen research planning in context of Cameroon movement to integrating research extension and education.
Identify potential Cameroon research linkages to West Africa.
Identify potential role for Cameroon in FSSP network

Gambia Training in Design of On-Farm Trials 5/20-24/85
OBJECTIVE: Assist USAID and bilateral contractor in (Univ. of
Wisconsin/CRED) strengthening on-farm research
capability. (Specific workshop, agenda and objective to emerge from 4/17-4/19 planning visit.) SPONSOR: USAID/Gambia and FSSP.
CLIENTELE: Gambian research, extension and planning personnel.
EXPECTED RESULTS: An increased planning capability and skills to conduct
on-farm research.
First field use of new FSSP training unit on design and analysis of on-farm trials.
Senegal Training in design of On-Farm Trials 5/6-11/85
OBJECTIVE: Increase practitioner competency in on-farm research.
Provide participants an opportunity to share experience in design and implementation of on farm research.
SPONSOR: USAID/Michigan State University/ISRA, Senegal (FSSP to
identify one FSR agronomist). CLIENTELE: Research personnel on the three farming systems research
teams in Senegal.
EXPECTED RESULTS' Intensified sharing of methodological and cropping systems research results within country that would contribute to increased commodity research effectiveness.
Stronger team interaction in design of trials on crop production constraints within the context of the total farm unit.

Cameroon On-Farm research workshop 5/13-24/85
OBJECTIVE: Support IITA in on-farm research training for Technical
Liaison Unit teams working with the IITA bilateral
contract and NCRE (Specific objectives to be set by IITA).
SPONSOR: IITA with support from FSSP.
CLIENTELE: Research personnel with the Cameroon Technical Liaison
Unit teams.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Improved technical assistance and team interaction in problem solving for cropping systems research.
Improved adaptive linkages between stations/center and on-farm research.
Liberia Overview Farming Systems Research
OBJECTIVE: Provide overview of FSR principles and methodology with
brief in-service experience.
SPONSOR: USAID/Liberia, (Oregon State University tentative),
FSSP providing two trainers.
CLIENTELE: Counterparts from Liberian research program and Oregon
State University/USAID bilateral contract team.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Team building with clientele group to accelerate and focus activity under the technical assistance project.
Some constraint identification within target area (farming systems) to accelerate joint (national and technical assistance team) on-farm production research.

Costa Rica FSR Case Study Seminar: Farming Systems 4/22-26/85
(Turrialba) Research and its contribution to Rural
Development in Latin America.
OBJECTIVE: Analyze advantages and disadvantages of FSR from both
operations and management standpoints in a diversity of
proj ect circumstances.
Strengthen the collaboration in proj ect execution between CATIE and other national and international institutions.
CLIENTELE: Directors of National Research and Extension from
Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic; and representation of several international research centers and donor institutions.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Provide case study experiences that will improve FSR
methodology and management within national institutions.
Illustrate alternative methodologies and institutional structures associated with the FSR approach.
Published proceedings.
Jamaica Workshop: Institution of Farming 6/18-27/85
Systems Research
OBJECTIVE: Orient personnel of the Jamaican Farming Systems
Research Proj ect (JFSRP) to the FSRD approach and to develop in them a basic understanding of its concepts and procedures.
SPONSOR: IDRC, IICA, FSSP, USAID/Jamaica, Ministry of Agric.
CLIENTELE: Personnel working directly with the JFSRP; personnel
from institutions linked to the JRSRP, and associated
EXPECTED RESULTS: Development of a research strategy for the JFSRP.
Field use of FSSP training units.

Honduras FSR/E Short Course 2/4-15/85
OBJECTIVE: Introduce the FSR/E approach to personnel of the Rural
Technology Project (RTP). SPONSOR: FSSP/USAID/Honduras
CLIENTELE: Project personnel (practitioners) from the six regions
where the RTP is active.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Using the FSR approach, participants (RTP field
personnel) will be able to develop work plans from their region.
Identify modes for cooperative efforts and collaborative financing for delivery of FSSP support.
Honduras FSR workshop for institutional 4/3-5/85
OBJECTIVE: Promote the FSR/E concept to institutions related to the
Rural Technology Project (RTP). Presentation and discussion of the work plans from the
six RTP regions.
The FSR methodology evaluation team (in the country at the same time, finishing its work) presents its recommendations.
CLIENTELE: RTP regional directors and decision-makers from
institutions related to the RTP. EXPECTED RESULTS: RTP director and personnel will be well versed in the preparation of action plans using FSR.

Dominican FSR/E Seminar for decision-makers Summer or Fall
Republic 1985 (3 days)
OBJECTIVE: To orient key decision-makers, from regional directors
up, to the FSR/E approach.
SPONSOR: USAID/Dominican Republic/FSSP/Secretariat of Agriculture
CLIENTELE: Regional heads of research and extension; under
secretaries for natural resources, production and marketing, and research, extension and training; and other key administration.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Working paper on how best to introduce FSR/E to the Dominican setting, beginning with either the Ocoa or the Las Cuevas watershed.
Honduras Evaluation of Methodology of Rural 3/18-4/5/85
Technology Project (RTP)
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate current methodology in order to make
recommendations for implementing FSR. SPONSOR: FSSP, USAID Honduras
CLIENTELE: RTP institutional decision-makers.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Recommendations to the RTP for implementing FSP approach.

Philippines FSR/E Training Needs Assessment 1/6-19/85
OBJECTIVE: Assess training needs for the FSDP-EV project, for the
Philippines, and for Southeast Asia in general. Provide recommendations as to type of training required in FSR/E. Assess locations to host training and agencies to carry out training.
SPONSOR: FSSP, USAID/Philippines, Cornell University
CLIENTELE: Field-level FSR/E practitioners in Southeast Asia, FSDPEV practitioners.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Training plans can be solidified for the FSDP-EV.
Interactions with other organizations involved in training (UPLB/FSRI, PCAARD, IRRI, VISCA, etc.) can be solidified and linkages proposed. Suggestions for ways to undertake Southeast Asian training in upland,
secondary crops in FSR/E can be put forward. A draft trip report is on file with FSSP.
AVRDC Exploratory visit to discuss household 1/20-22/85
gardens, FSR/E and the FSSP
OBJECTIVE: Assess areas of need in FSR/E training with AVRDC
CLIENTELE: AVRDC, and AVRDC-sponsored projects in Indonesia (Bogor:
IPB) and Thailand (Kasetsart University).
EXPECTED RESULTS: Offer training expertise if AVRDC willing to pay for it.

Philippines FSSP attend 2nd Annual SUAN meetings. 3/18-22/85
OBJECTIVE: Present a "supplementary" paper on joining the
diagnostic and design phases of FSR/E together.
Interact with SUAN representatives about common difficulties in implementing agroecosystems research projects. Propose a joint SUAN-West African university workshop for 1986.
CLIENTELE: SUAN members (6 Southeast Asian Universities interested
in conducting agroecosystems research). EXPECTED RESULTS: A workshop (in August tentatively) at East-West Center, Hawaii, to discuss joint FSR/E agroecosystems research issues.
A workshop in 1986 held in West Africa to involve SUAN representatives to discuss common problems in institutionalizing farm-level research and curricula at the university level.
Thailand Follow-up USAID Visit 3/26-28/85
OBJECTIVE: Interact with USAID, NERAD and KKU on FSR/E training
Visit with CIMMYT outreach staff on FSR/E approach and their interactions with IRRI and ICRISAT. SPONSOR: FSSP
CLIENTELE: CIMMYT outreach staff, USAID/Thailand, KKU Cropping
Systems staff and NERAD staff. EXPECTED RESULTS: Consensus on types of training, or materials, needed in Northeast Thailand.
Reinforcement of intra-Asia IARC "network" on FSR/E.

Philippines Attend Asian ADO/RDO meeting 4/22-25/85
OBJECTIVE: Explain what FSSP is and what it can and cannot do in
SPONSOR: AID/W Asia Bureau
CLIENTELE: ADOs and RDOs, Asian USAID Missions
EXPECTED RESULTS: Better understanding of FSSP and what the program offers.
Better understanding of budgetary restraints on FSSP,
especially in the Asian region. Better feeling for "pending Asian Activities" for rest of 1985 and for 1986.
Nepal Exploratory USAID/Nepal visit 4/29-5/2/85
Exploratory visit to IADS FSR/E (tentative)
OBJECTIVE: Visit USAID/Nepal to discuss a possible workshop.
Interact with IADS staff on economic problems
encountered in their Nepal Cropping pattern projects. SPONSOR: FSSP/USAID-Nepal
CLIENTELE: USAID/Nepal staff; Hinkle and Sayre, IADS
EXPECTED RESULTS: Firm up tentative plans for a FSR/E workshop in Nepal.
Suggest economic input for IADS into cropping pattern trials.

Indonesia, Crop livestock monitoring tour August/1985
Sri Lanka, ARFSN (tentative)
Nepal (Someone from FSSP sponsored Togo
Animal Traction Workshop)
OBJECTIVE: Visit and comment on ARFSN crop livestock trials in the
three referenced countries. SPONSOR: IRRI/ARFSN
CLIENTELE: Practitioners, managers and administrators of the
referenced crop-livestock proj ects. EXPECTED RESULTS: Build a linkage between ARFSN crop-livestock research and the West African livestock research.
Bangladesh 16th Annual Meeting, ARFSN November/1985
OBJECTIVE: Establish linkages between the FSSP and the ARFSN, and
begin to stress importance of Asian contribution to African FSR/E.
CLIENTELE: Host country ARFSN members and key IRRI decision-makers.
EXPECTED RESULTS: A better understanding on the part of the FSSP as to the
functioning of the ARFSN.
Direct feedback to FSSP on Asian needs in FSR/E for technical assistance, training or both. Develop sub-group of Asians interested in participating in African FSR/E workshops or TA activities.

Bangladesh Farming Systems Monitoring Tour November/1985
Philippines focus on economics (tentatively
Nepal to procede 16th
(tentatively) Annual ARFSN
OBJECTIVE: Visit referenced projects and view economic accomplishments/problems.
Pakistan FSSP training TDY for new contract (tentatively
team (Dan Galt requested) Fall, 1985).
OBJECTIVE: Participate in new USAID/P team orientation/briefing/
training in FSR/E.
CLIENTELE: Project team and Pakistan counterparts.
Indonesia or FSR/E training needs assessment no dates yet
OBJECTIVE: Respond to USAID/I or USAID/T request for training needs
assessment and/or training materials and/or persons for field-level practitioners.
CLIENTELE: Host country FSR/E practitioners.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Similar to Activity #1 ASIA (Philippines page 12).

Gainesville, FL Training Unit Development Workshop 2/17-23/85
OBJECTIVE: Develop training units to serve as components for short
course and workshop activities to strengthen research
and extension in:
1. diagnosis, 2. agronomic experimental design and analysis, 3. socio-economic analysis, 4. management and administration.
RESOURCE PEOPLE: Individuals from: Colorado State University, Michigan State Univ., Univ. of Florida, Kansas State Univ., VPI, Washington State Univ., Univ. of Maryland, USAID-S&T, OICD-USDA, CIMMYT, IRRI, CARDI, Development Alternatives Inc., AGRIDEC, Synergy International.
EXPECTED RESULTS: Four units each containing numerous items such as goals, definitions, references, trainee activities, trainer guidelines all addressing a format and outline to which
experience and materials can be added and withdrawn in a flexible manner as concepts evolve from field
experience. Courses formed from the units can address a wide range of issues not exclusive to FSR/E.
Two workshops are planned for technical assistance
personnel, one in on-farm research methodology and the other in extension and research management as tests of the training units.
Field use of the OFR methodology unit will be initiated in Gambia and follow in other training efforts.
Field use of the management unit is not yet scheduled, but a potential workshop in Zambia may be its first use.

Gainesville, FL Project Guideline Development Workshop 1/29-2/1/85
OBJECTIVE: Develop base for guidelines for technical assistance
team use in design, implementation and evaluation of
USAID agricultural research and extension proj ects inclusive of the farming systems approach.
RESOURCE PEOPLE: Individuals from: CIMMYT, Winrock Int'l., 1ADS, Univ. of
Arkansas, Colorado State Univ., Michigan State Univ., Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Florida.
EXPECTED RESULTS: A handbook to be used by teams and revised according to new experience gained. A mode for capturing AID experience, while designing implementing and evaluating
proj ects.