A Book of Facts Describing the Different Soils of Florida
The United States Government
Is Farming at
F7 I C) 2.RID.A.
There are only five U. S. Government Plant Introduction Farms in the whole United States. The one at Brooksville, FLa.,
has had a greater acreage under cultivation than all the others combined
Brooksville is the center of a large body of land known as high hammock land, which corre-
sponds to hardwood land in the North. It is high and rolling, with clay subsoil, and requires
no fertilizer or drainage. This type of land is exceedingly scarce in Florida.
PtoOph of hlh l UMock ead Met Broovle. Tr lles ke ths gw only a oold lad. Thes ditrlct has
MApld a damage, beeg I at mdve aM hveIl, although aly ohea a ftrom theM Gulf.
mThe o bees dl woded wth oak mm ple, gl ck ad other hrdood tree
It a be cleared (mder eostnut) for the firet crop at about $15 pea ae.
JACKSONV LE PUBUC LDnsR
Read what these 1-OR G I
Authorities say TALAA
about the high /AM
hammock land ^r"'\
HernandoCounty, p L
FLORIDA DEPT. OF AGRICULTURE OC'ALA
"We do not believe that the soil of Her- N^ 0VN EN
nando, and especially its hammock \
land, is surpassed in any respect by HOMOSASS
any soil in the State." BOO l
STATE CHEMIST ROSE /I
"Hernando County has some of the wNw pr ICHEu -
best agricultural land in Florida, lands TARPON JPRI' A
equal to any in the United States carARwAVr '^A-.
from an agricultural standpoint." LAG
CHIEF JUSTICE SHACKLEFORD ST PETERS ,
"The largest body of fertile, well watered, well O~ BRaNro NW
timbered land known of in the State of Florida. Aso s ARCA/A
I heartily commend them to the home seeker
UNITED STATES SENATOR FLETCHER PUNvrA O
"Your high hammock lands have been famous X "rmo e
for many years. You must do some advertising e
and publicity work."
STATE COMPTROLLER CROOM
"I know of no more inviting section anywhere than is to
be found in Hemando County."
"I have always regarded these lands as the finest in the State of
PRESIDENT INMAN, of Citrus Exchange
"We expect this to become the greatest producing region in Florida."
PRESIDENT JENNINGS, of State Bank
"This body of land is the richest I know of in any section of the State."
R. P. BURTON, Sa Manager Florida Citrus Exchange
"I regard it as one of the most fertile spots in Florida."
M. GILLETT, ex-Managr Florida Citrus Exchane
"The Annuttalagga Hammock has always been recognized as one of the
of the State."
most fertile sections
County seat High school Fruit eaery poke and rim factory Four clothing stores
Population, ,200 Orammr sool Bottlin works Vetabe anery Two hardware store
Altitude, feet Cort oue Two electric light plant One furniture store
Five churches Pr water Flour mill Mchia t shop Twenty-e store in all
Two banks Telepbone Planig mill Three grges Five fratnal order
Two wpaprs Frre delivery Briek factory Two dry goods stores Cir ftory
Two railroad I factory Crate factory Two theaters Four hotels
Brookville is loated on even hills ad is called the "Rome of Florida." These hills are 8 feet above sea level and only
Attn amfl from the Gulf.
0 LM c I
The Difference Between High Hammock Land and
Ordinary Florida Land
At the outset, it must be understood that there are three dis-
tinct classes of soil in Florida:-
(1) Pine Land.
(2) Muck Land.
(3) Hammock Land.
PINE LANDS comprise over 90 per cent of all the land in
the State-land with light sandy soil. Properly fertilized and
drained, where necessary, this land has been found adapted to
citrus fruits and almost all ordinary crops.
Pine lands themselves are of two kinds:
(a) Low Pine Land, known as Flat Woods land-usually
of a dark color, requiring extensive drainage.
(b) High Pine Land-dry, and usually having no clay sub-soil
within reasonable depth to hold the moisture, thus requiring
extensive fertilization annually in order to produce crops; also
requiring irrigation to insure satisfactory results.
MUCK LANDS, such as are found in the extreme southern
portion of the State, are heavy clay lands, occupying low places,
requiring extensive drainage. These lands are often hard to
work after rains.
HAMMOCK LANDS comprise a very small proportion of the
lands in the State. They are composed largely of rich vegetable
mould, underlaid with clay sub-soil. This clay sub-soil retains
the moisture and humus, hence these lands require little or no
fertilizer in order to produce abundant crops.
Hammock lands are also of two clases:
(a) Low Hammock, found along the banks of rivers, low and
expensive to drain.
(b) High Hammock, high rolling land, with excellent natural
These three classes of soil in Florida-Pine Land, Muck Land,
and Hammock-are easily distinguishable by the growth upon
them-no coil analysis is necessary.
Pine land is usually sparsely covered with Pine Timber.
Muck land is usually low and wet until drained, having no
High Hammock land is rolling and covered with a heavy
growth of hardwood trees, such as large Oak, Ironwood, Maple,
Ash and Hickory.
It takes good land to grow Maple, Oak, Hickory and other
varieties of hardwood trees. Where you see a dense growth of
these trees you may expect to find good, healthy, rich soil.
However, pine land on the edge of hammocks usually has
clay sub-soil, is covered with big timber and is considered by
old settlers practically equal to hammock land in general fertility,
I eng almost the same kind of soil.
What the Government Says:
The Florida Department of Agriculture, in its Bulletin for
July, 1909, under "Classification of Soils," says:
"High hammocks are the lands in greatest favor in Florida.
These difer from the low hammocks in occupying higher ground,
and in generally presenting an undulating surface. They are
formed of a fine vegetable mould, mixed with a sandy loam, in
many places several feet deep, and resting in most oases on a
sub-stratum of clay, marl or limestone. It will be readily under-
stood by anyone at all acquainted with agriculture that such a
soil; i such a climate as Florida's, must be extremely productive.
The soil scarcely ever suffers from too much wet, nor does drought
affect it in the same degree as other lands, owing to its clay sub-
soil; thus in unfavorable seasons it is much more certain to
produce a good crop than any other kind of land.
"High hammock land produces with but little labor of culti-
vation ALL the crops of the country in an eminent degree.
"It can be cultivated with much less labor than any other land,
being remarkably mellow, and its vicinity is generally high and
healthy. These reasons are suFoient to entitle it to the estima-
tion in which it is held over all other lands."
est Qullty of Florida Plu Lead-ULght oll, frequently Reqariag High Hammock La d Near Brooksville-Hih sad Well Draied.
Drainage Note AbseMe o Pina Tree
20,000 Acre of Hardwood Land-High, Rolling and Wel Drained
"Annuttalagga" is an Indian word meaning "black dirt,"
and was the name given by the Seminoles to a body of high ham-
mock land, shaped like an egg, lying around Brooksville, Florida.
The word "hammock" is derived from the old Indian word
"hamak," meaning "hardwood," hence Annuttalagga Hammock
literally means "black dirt-hardwood land."
"High hammock" means high, rolling land
with clay sub-soil. This type of land is exceed-
ingly scarce, ninety per cent of all the land in
Florida being sandy land.
The Seminole Indians, famous for their agri-
cultural skill, determined that high hammock
land would yield the best crops, and they con-
fined their agricultural labor entirely to this
class of soil. 1
This race, with the entire peninsula of Florida BR OK
to choose from, selected the Annuttalagga Hlam-
mock as the place to raise their crops.
Here they made their last stand when the REPRODUCED F
white man came and drove them into the Ever- BY DIPT. or
glades. The name "Annuttalagga" and several
mounds containing Indian relies, are all that remain now to
show their former occupancy.
The high hammock land around Brooksville, recognized by nll
authorities to be the richest body of land in the State, has re-
mained undeveloped, largely through lack of proper advertising.
No concerted effort to secure new settlers has heretofore been
This section of Florida has been overlooked. It only awaits
the touchstone of development to become the richest agricultural
community in the State.
The tremendous advantage of a twelve months' growing season,
such as Florida po0reses, has long been recognized.
The chief drawback to the development of the State has been
its light, sandy soil.
Nature, it seems, in bestowing her favors, treated all the States
fairly-to some she gave 8oil, to others Climate.
New settlers coming into the State have heretofore had no
opportunity to secure land like this. Practically all the Florida
land advertised in the North is pine land, which requires fertili-
sation and often expensive drainage.
At Brooksville we have land that is as good as any land in the
North-20,000 acres in a solid body-high rolling land, beauti-
fully wooded and perfectly drained; land with a rich dark top
soil, underlaid with clay; land that requires no drainage, no
reclamation and land that is yielding 80 bushels of corn to the
acre without fertilizer.
There is no better land in Florida or in the entire South. In
fact, there are only small isolated spots in other
sections equal to it.
SIt is as if a piece of Iowa's rolling farm land
had been set down in the heart of Florida, like an
oasis in a desert.
This beautiful stretch of land should have been
preserved by Florida as a great State Park. Its
high hills and broad valleys are densely wooded
with live oak, hickory, ash, white oak, magnolia,
gum and maple trees. It has many unfailing
LI springs of water and is ever green.
There is nothing else in Florida exactly like it.
It contains hardly an acre of land incapable of
N MAP ISSUED cultivation.
OGICULTURR This hammock is known far and wide. No one
who has ever seen it hesitates to praise it. No
citizen of this State, who has the good of the State at heart, will
say that he has ever heard anything but good of the high ham-
mock land around Brooksville.
The agricultural possibilities of soil like this-requiring no fer-
tilizer-combined with Florida's matchless climate, should appeal
to many northern settlers now seeking new locations in the South.
It can be purchased at $50 per acre up, on small monthly pay-
ments, and it can be cleared under contract at about $15 an acre.
It is adapted equally to winter vegetables, oranges and grape-
fruit, and general farming. It will produce something of value
every month in the year. The man who does qot succeed here
nill have no one but himself to blame.
If you are looking for a new location in Florida, or in the
South, we invite you to visit Brooksville. Come and get the facts
yourself at first hand.
We do not claim that this is a Magic Land, where Poverty is
suddenly transformed into Wealth and where Success comes with-
out capital or effort. If you are looking for such a placed not come
to Brooksville. But if you belong to that class of red-blooded
men who have made the great West what it is today, and if you
are looking for opportunities ruch as your fathers had there forty
years ago, then come to Brooksville. It will remind you of home.''
High Hammock Lead Under Cultivati Os of Breeksville's Many Beauvul Residees
United States Government Selects Brooksville
The United States Government has recently established an
experimental station at Brooksville, Florida, thereby placing the
stamp of its approval on the high hammock land in this vicinity.
This action on the part of the National Government is of
great importance not only to Brooksville, but to the entire State.
There are only four other national experimental stations in the
whole United States.
As the land was being plowed for the first time, Professor
Schultz, then in charge, remarked to a group of Brooksville
citizens, "If there is any richer soil in the world, I have never
Brooksville Avenue. BrookvUile is a Prsperous Town With Many
Hernando County farmers possess a great advantage in being
elore at hand to watch the work of the Station and profit from
the experiments in raising new crops and in discovering better
methods for handling old ones.
They also have the opportunity of personal consultation with
the Government employes and experts, who are always glad to
give advice on any agricultural problems that may arise.
Among the recent introductions of the Government that prom-
ise rich rewards to Brooksville farmers are Dasheens, the new
potatoes, that yield from 400 to 700 bushels per acre, and
Rhodes Grass, the Alfalfa of the South, which has yielded eight
tons to the acre and has sold In the field near Brooksville at
$25 per ton.
Perfect Natural Drainage
Absolutely no artificial drainage is necessary on our high ham-
mock lands, as they are high and rolling, with splendid natural
After the heaviest rains one can walk or drive over the land
and fnd no standing water. The roads drain off almost as
rapidly as the water falls, and will be found hard and firm
shortly after the heaviest downpour.
The Vemse Breesville's Leadia Hotel
While all excess moisture quickly finds its way through natural
courses to lakes, rivers and gulf, the land itself quickly absorbs
and, by reason of its clay subsoil, retains all the moisture for
the growing of the crops.
Analysis of Our Soil
Compared with average soil in Florida
Humus Acid Potash Nitrogen uble
Brooksville hammock land 6.13 .148 .008 .034 89
Average soil of Florida.. .064 .069 .007 .035 95
The above analysis of Brooksville soil was made by the
chemist of J. Buttgenbach & Company, one of the leading firms
of this country and Belgium, engaged in the manufacture of
fertilizers for use on Southern soils.
The analysis of average Florida soils is taken from the re-
ports of the United States Department of Agriculture and from
the Florida State Department of Agriculture.
The following comments accompanied the analysis of Brooks-
ville high hammock land:
"It will be seen that in the valuable elements, such as phos-
phoric acid, potash, humus and organic substances, your ham-
mock lands are much richer in every way than the average lands
"Your soils are dark, containing less insoluble matter than
ordinary Florida land, more clay and iron-an ideal, strong soil
that will produce anything.
"Above table shows that your lands are capable of great pro-
duction in field crops, truck farming, orchards and animal hus-
bandry, and that they will stand droughts and excessive rain
better than average Florida soil."
We believe this booklet is the first published in Florida to go
into the question of soil analysis. It presents conclusive and
absolute proof of the superiority of our high hammock lands.
The New mOOm Court Houe at BrooksviWU
Hernando County has more good roads per capital than any
other county in the State.
We can lay out a good road through the hammock at a cost
of about $100 a mile, and through pine land at only slightly
greater cost, while in some counties hard surfaced roads cost as
high as $3,000 a mile.
Our hammock roads are well drained and can be traveled in
wet weather. Although the roads are clay, we are not bothered
with the dust, because the trees overhang the roads so the sun
does not beat down on them, hence they do not dry up and blow
away, as is the ease in open, flat countries, where there is no
Plans are now being perfected for the early construction of a
system of hard roads throughout the county, one or more branches
of which will bisect the hammock section.
Hammock Land Best for Oranges and Grape Fruit
"Few oooupationi give as remunerative returns as the grow-
ing of oitru fruit."-United States Department of Agriculture,
As is well known, oranges and grape fruit are Florida's
greatest agricultural crop. Eight million boxes of these fruits-
almost 25,000 cars-were shipped out of this state last year.
California is Florida's only competitor in oranges, and Florida
has the advantage of being several days closer to the great
markets of the eduntry.
In California, the orange industry has by scientific methods
been perfected to a very high degree. However, Florida oranges
are vastly superior in quality, being juicy and of a more deli-
In recent years, Florida growers have begun studying Cali-
fornia methods and particular attention is now being paid to
the cultivation of certain varieties, such as Valencia latest, late
Tardiffs and Tangarines, which can always be depended on to
bring top prices in the market, namely, two or three times as much
as the average Florida orange, raised without special attention.
In grape fruit, however, Florida has no competitor, as most
buyers will not handle California grape fruit as long as there
is any Florida fruit to be had.
Grape fruit is now; however, being planted extensively through-
out Florida, even in preference to the orange. It bears early
and is bigger fruit, requiring fewer to ill a box. Having a
thicker skin, it ship better than oranges, will keep much longer,
and will stand more cold.
There is very little danger of overproduction in grape fruit, as
Florida is the only State that produces the commercial variety. The
demand is increasing faster than the supply, which accounts for
the high prices that grape fruit always brings in northern markets.
Grape fruit at 75 cents per box on the tree is profitable. One
dollar per box shows an attractive margin. Last year fruit
buyers were bidding against each other from one end of the
State to the other and paying from $2 to 3$ per box for the fruit
on the trees Some growers who marketed their own fruit real-
ized as high as $4.50 per box.
Oranges and grape fruit have a big advantage over any other
fruit crop in that they can remain on the trees several months
after maturity, enabling the owner to hold his fruit for the top of
the market. This is not true of apples or peaches or any other
orchard crop, which must be rushed to market and sold quickly.
"In Florida the soi wevlay known a8 hammock land is pref-
erable for orange growing."--United States Department of Ag-
riculture, Bulletin 238.
Many people have the impression that sandy soil is best
adapted to citrus fruits. Such is not the case. The best and
brightest citrus fruit shipped out of Florida is from groves
located on hammock soil.
The only reason that more groves are not located on hammock
soil is because hammock soil is exceedingly scarce.
Photoraph showing wonderful ow young citrus trees oa hih
ha ac land our BrooksUle. Th trh plated only 14 math
o are now larger nd taller than their owner. Mr. Catrell, who also
rcus cumcbers benas, tomatoes, otc., betwah th trs.
Dr. Bolfs, head of the Florida Experiment Station, says:
"Hammock lands are regarded as the ideal ones for citrus cl-
In Hernando, De Soto, Manatee, and other counties where
hammock land has been available, it will always be found that the
groves located on this soil produce the brightest and best fruit.
In 1908 Hernando County was awarded first prize, in com-
petition with every other district in the State, at the Florida
State Fair. The chief features of the Hernando County exhibit
at that fair were her oranges and grapefruit.
The present large acreage of citrus groves here is being rap-
idly extended by new settlers frdan almost every State in the
Union, including California. These growers have selected the
high hammock land around Brooksville as the most profitable
citrus district in Florida, if not in the world. Here can be
produced the brightest and best carrying fruit, without insect
pests, as in California or elsewhere in Florida, without drain.
age, without the annual expense for irrigation, costing as much
as ($30 an acre a year in Southern California, and without the
annual expense of $50 an acre for fertilizer required in prac-
tically every other citrus producing district.
I 0I I III
A Seem at Brooerill
Orange C1 so n High Hummoc Land. Now Yielding $1,600 an Acre
What Brooksville Citrus Growers are Making
The possession of an orange and grape fruit grove near Brooks-
ville is something to excite the ambition of the well-to-do or the
man of wealth. No other real estate investment offers such large
legitimate returns, or iq less subject to destruction or deprecia-
tion in value. Citrus fruit raising is the most pleasant and
fascinating of all forms of husbandry or agriculture, besides
being very remunerative. In fact, a good citrus grove when
properly eared for, is almost a gold mine.
J. J. Hale ten years ago bought a town lot in Brooksville
of approximately one acre, on which he set 100 tangerine trees.
For three seasons recently he has sold $1,500 worth of fruit per
year-a consecutive three-year yield not equalled in the whole
United States. If this land were sold on a net income basis it
would bring as high a price as that at which any fruit land
was ever sold.
Pulton & Truitt's nine-year-old tangerine and grape fruit grove
produced in one year $7,500 worth of fruit from an expenditure
for labor and fertilizer of only $250.
J. J. Bell, within the city limits of Brooksville, has a twenty-
three acre grove, pronounced by experts to be one of the best
citrus properties in the United States. Mr. Bell's ten-year-old
grove produces a net income of $6,000 per annum. Mr. Bell did
his own planting, cultivating other crops between the rows.
Although beginning $3,000 in debt he has in ten years produced
a grove worth $40,000 and obtained an income suffcient for all
the needs of his family-all from this twenty-three acres of high
W. A. Fulton is part owner of a grape fruit and orange grove
of twenty acres which in 1912-1913 yielded $7,500 worth of fruit
at a total cost of $250 for cultivation and maintenance-net
returns of $350 per acre, or 10 per cent on $3,500 per acre, what
the grove would be valued at in southern California.
Clarence Hale, who owns a seven acre grove near Brooksville,
received for early shipments of 1918 grapefruit about four
dollars per box. He estimated this would yield him over $1,700
per acre for his entire grove. The 1912 crop paid him over
$1,300 per acre and he has never had less than $1,000 per acre
since the grove was four years old. This means that the grove
has paid him a net return of more than ten per cent on a
valuation of $10,000 per acre continuously for five years.
Developed groves here have a high market value, hence it is
much cheaper for the prospective planter to develop his own
grove rather than purchase one already in bearing, or partly
developed. Good groves here are worth from $400 to $2,000 per
acre and tome could not be purchased at any price.
When one considers that it is possible to develop a splendid
grove in 4 or 5 years' time at a total cost of approximately
$250 per acre, including the original cost of the land, it will
readily be seen that the investment is unusually asfe and is
almost certain to produce very large returns, not only in the
profits from the fruit, but in the increased value of the grove.
In other words, the trees every year grow in value, represent-
ing a much greater increase than any other form of agricul-
At Nve years of age the grove should produce a good proft.
Many groves at maturity pay as high as $1,000 per acre, although
we consider returns of $500 an acre from an eight-year-old
grape fruit grove and $250 from an eight-year-old orange
grove a fair average.
There am rw el ad valuable groves is the vietlor d eeshav Ia feeat. Herrea County ship more citrs frait La proertleo to it
PW leM than ay other cuty la the Stae0
A Demonstrated Citrus Fruit District
Brooksville is located in a demonstrated citrus district which
his for years been shipping large quantities of the brightest
and highest priced fruit. What is known as the citrus belt in
Florida extends many miles north of Brooksville. In fact, the
Florida Department of Agriculture says that oranges and grape
fruit are grown with profit near Micanopy, which is 72 miles
north of Brooksville, while the largest and one of the oldest
citrus groves in the State, comprising over 1,000 sres of solid
grove, is located at Wildwood, about 80 miles north of
What the Government Says:
Farmers' Bulletin 238, issued by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, says: "The more nearly the northern
limit of the citrus belt is approached, the more sprightly and
delicious favor the fruit posesses."
This is an important thing for the new settler to remember.
He can perhaps secure a few degrees less frost in the extreme
southern portion of the State, but the quality of the fruit, both
in flavor and appearance, in almost every case, will not be as
That "Frost Line"
Much has been said and written concerning the so-called
"Frost Line" in Florida.
This line is usually located just north of the land which the
seller wishes to dispose of.
As a matter of fact, we do not believe there is such a thing
as a frost line in Florida.
When frost comes it does not stop at any particular latitude
or longitude. In fact, frost has been experienced in latitudes
much farther south than Florida.
It is therefore a mistake for any one to think he can any.
where in the State obtain land absolutely insured against possible
frost damage. He can, however, obtain land subject to very
slight risk in this regard.
We believe that temperature conditions in Florida are better
than those of any other State in the Union, but do not wish
to class ourselves among those making broad statements con-
cerning the absolute immunity of the State from frost. In
every portion of Florida one can, at some time or other, expect
slight frost conditions, and Hernando County is no exception to
However, Hernando, and especially the Annuttalagga ham-
mock, has one great advantage over most sections of Florida.
It is located mainly on hills and rolling land, comprising the
highest section of the State. This gives our district one great
asset of immense worth-air drainage. Cold air being heavier
than warm air, like water, tends to seek the lowest levels, leaving
the higher lands warmer thereby.
That this is a fact has been proven by numerous scientific
thermometer tests in various States. That this is true is proven
by the fact that the highest priced orange and apple land in
the west and northwest is bench and hillside land-because on
this character of land the trees go through the seasons unharmed.
Besides the splendid air drainage afforded by its high alti-
tude, Hernando County has the further advantage of nearness to
the west coast and the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico, all of
which combine to give Hernando general temperature conditions
without doubt the equal of any section of the United States.
Groves Developed for Non-Residents
A development company has recently been organized by local
business men to develop and care for citrus groves under con-
tract for non-resident owners. This company will elear the land,
fence it, plant the trees, and care for same until the owner is
ready to move onto his land. The company will also take con-
tracts to clear land and plant samd to syrup cane or Rhodes
Estimates will be furnishal on application showing the cost
of the various operations, which will vary somewhat, depending
on the location of the land. Hammock lands can in many eases
be cleared suitable for grove planting at $15 an acre up. The
cost of fencing, breaking the land, planting of budded citrus trees
of standard variety, including grape fruit, orange and tanger-
ine--one-year-old buds-and cultivation for one year, will gen-
erally approximate $85 per aere.
The company is backed by experienced local men and is
thoroughly equipped to do this work under'-aontract at the
minimum expense and in a highly satisfactory manner.
K-n1 Peskiag Hsse at DkmeK Swflag Welruit 11011
$4sed: Also Our Famos breed
e 710XPlp, aY
80 Bushels of Corn to the Acre, Without Fertilizer
One of the best evidences of the agricultural value of land in any
section is its capacity to raise corn. The census of 1905 showed 1,956
acres devoted to corn in Hernando County, this being more than all the
other staple crops combined. Since that year the acreage, not only of
corn, but of oats, sugar cane, hay and forage crops, has greatly in-
Our hammock lands at Brooksville not only raise corn without fer-
tilizer, and practically without soil exhaustion, but produce yields that
would be considered banner crops in the best corn producing sections
of the North.
Recently a contest was held among those producing corn without
fertiliser in the Brookville section and the following were awarded
J. A. Bird.-Hammock land under cultivation twenty years; cost of
cultivation, $5 per acre.
J. C. Crofts.-Hammock land under cultivation nine years.
As to the yields that have been made on hammock land near Brooks-
ville, H. O. Bystra states: "On three acres I have made eighty bushels
per acre, besides three tons of hay."
W. P. Tucker, E. K. Whidden, W. A. Fulton and W. E. Law have
made 40 Bushels or more per sere on hammock land.
The average yield of corn grown on hammock land near Brooksville
by ten individual growers has been estimated to be 42 bushels per
acre. According to the federal census of 1908 the average yield of
Illinois corn land is 31.6 bushels per sare, Brooksville hammock lands
thus showing yields of one-third more than does one of the most famous
corn states in the country.
One party in particular has aised corn on same land for many years
in sueession. He has never used fertilizer on the land, yet his present
crops equal those hfrt raised.
Oats and Rye
As an evidence of fertility of our soil, it is well to note that in
ninety days oats were this year raised on land which had been in culti-
vation Aity years and without the aid of fertilizer these oats attained
a height of Are feet five inches. Rye also does well here, some having
attained the height of practically six feet the past season.
Three Crops a Year
Northern States yield but one crop a year. In our country, not only
corn, but two or three other crops are grown yearly on the same land. Cor Raised Without Pertiliser on High Hammock Land
This shows what the industrious farmer can and is doing here. Nerw Brooeksvfll
First Prize Winner at State Fair
The Florida Legislature in 1907 appropriated
money to hold a State Fair in the City of Tampa.
Nearly every county participated, and competed
for attractive prices.
The State was subdivided into groups of coun-
ties composing districts. The counties in each
district competed with each other for district
prizes. Then the various counties that won dis-
trict prizes in turn competed again for the grand
The first year of the Fair, Hernando County,
although one of the smaller counties in both area
and population, won not only her own district
prise, but was awarded the grand sweepstake prize
for the whole State of Florida.
Besides the collective prizes above mentioned, a
great number of individual pries were taken, in-
eluding the prise for the best general agrieul-
tural aiay, the best timber display, the beat
we 1 'r lWn m Drsvl d Ma 4, t4. fruit eibit, and the best horticultural exhibit.
lad a the -aes time.
Raising vegetables for northern markets in the winter time is becoming a great
industry in Florida.
The entire country now looks to Florida for its earliest and best vegetables.
Millions of dollars annually flow into this State in exchange for the products we
ship North. In no other State are the possibilities for truck farming so unlimited.
We have something to put on the market every month in the year.
Celery, lettuce, egg plant or peppers may be harvested in December, January or
February, followed by cabbages or Irish potatoes for March and April, with toma-
toes, cucumbers, cantaloupe or watermelons succeeding in May and June. Then
easava, velvet beans or hay for a summer crop, in June, July and August, or
sweet potatoes and turnips to be harvested as late as September, October and
Just consider what a tremendous advantage this is. While the northern farmer
is thankful to secure a single crop each year, the Florida famer can market
three or four. When sleet and snow tie up the northern field the Florida farmer is
planting and harvesting big money crops. He is living out-of-doors, enjoying
mild balmy air and sunshine.
The publications of the Department of Agriculture show that the returns from
Florida land are greater than any other section of the country. While the average
value of all farm produce in Illinois, one of the richest northern states, is $12 per
acre, the average value of all farm products in Florida is $110-nine times as
great as that of Illinois.
As a result of her mild winter climate Florida supplies the entire eastern half
of the United States with early vegetables during December, January, February
and March, with absolutely no competition from other states, and at a season of
the year when prices are highest.
Many people cannot understand how it is possible to get such
large returns per acre, and some decide that the profits made by
Florida farmers are exaggerated. Therefore, we quote below
statements from a recent bulletin issued by the Florida Depart-
ment of Agriculture, based on statistics that are beyond que-
A sr eehhem .bm s1aM Sd ~--'~ aSSW3VS&5YUn
IeN ber aW n oboe 1 da The wa I ab oeel
raisig eftr IP
tion. This shows not
ally been done:
The following schedule shows
the returns per acre that may
be expected in Florida from
Sweet Potatoe .....$ 100.00
Irish Potatoes ....... 150.00
Sugar Cane ......... 00.00
Lettuce ............. 750.00
Cabbage ............ 200.00
Bermuda Onion .... 450.00
Ontaloups ......... 800.00
Cauliflower .......... .00
Egg Plant .......;;.. 500.00
Peppers .........:.. 500.00
Cucumber ........... 800.00
Bean ..........'.... 200.00
Tomatoes ........... 800.00
Celery ............ 1,000.00
Strawberries ........ 500.00
Tobacco ............ 1,000.00
The above figures are prob-
ably lower than where farmers
have the advantage of rich soil
and perfect natural drainage,
au is the eane on our high ham-
mock lands at Brooksville.
only what an be done, but what has actu-
"The mooes of vegetable growing in Florida s now weU
know. Among the most profitable crop are tomato, beans,
Irish potatoes, celery, cabbage, lettuce, peppers, egg plant. From
the growing of each of these products thousand. of people reap
a rich reward for their labor
ever year, and many of them
make comfortable fortunes. To-
matoes, for instance, hoae
yielded as muk as 1,000 per
acre, but the average runs from
OO to $400. Irksh potato will
averoae near $100, lettuce from
$300 to $800 per acre, and cel-
ery as muk as $1,00 per acre."
The average profts per aere,
shown above, are for one crop
only. Planters usually make
two or three crops each year.
The Trackers' Association is
of great boneft to new settlers.
Weekly meetings ar hed, at
whish is discussed the planting
of new crops and the eoatinu-
anee of old ones. The assoea-
tion also assists in disposing of
erops that re rey for the
market, n large lots, th as m
Smab id ag growers to realis ma
a ds da eeeI hap e wM e mum retras c their products.
What Our Truck Farmers are Making
Because of our rich productive soil farmers in this vicinity
have formerly devoted themselves principally to staple crops,
such as corn, oats, Irish and sweet potatoes, sugar cane, velvet
beans, hay, and citrus fruits, all of which have been successfully
cultivated here for many years.
At the earnest solicitations of the Brooksville Board of Trade,
the State Department of Agriculture and the President of the
Florida Citrus Exchange, some of our farmers were induced to
experiment with winter vegetables.
The results obtained more than justifed expectations, and
produce buyers immediately began directing their attention to
Brooklville and Hernando County.
These buyers all agreed that tomatoes grown here on high
hammock land were the best ever whipped from the State, carry-
ing well without decay, and bringing top prices in the markets.
During the season of 1913-14 there were in the neighborhood
of 300 acres in tomatoes, and buyers were on the ground even
before they were planted, eager to contract same at prices
which would net the growers a handsome profit.
Bermuda onions raised on our hammock land were found
equal to those from the famous Laredo section in South Texas,
where the growers make from $200 to $400 per acre year after
year. One of our farmers, W. A. Fulton, sold the product
from one acre for $M00.
Another farmer planted an acre of Irish potatoes, from which
was gathered and shipped one hundred and five barrels of
merchantable potatoes, worth $3.00 per barrel--415-twice the
return from the famous Hastings district of Florida, where the
annual expense for fertilizer equals the original cost of the land.
Potatoes are one of the suret, most profitable and easiest crops
that Florida produce. The potato crop brought the growers of
Hastings over $1,000,000 last year.
With far better soil, requiring no expense for fertilizer, and
yielding much bigger returns per acre, potatoes are sure to
prove a source of Immense wealth on the hammock lands near
Jr rataa hsshpi i -rl Msr sm~
Cantaloupes-rivaling the famous Bocky Ford, and ready for
market weeks earlier, when prices are high,---abbages, peppers,
cucumbers, lettuce and sweet potatoes are among the trucking
crop that have recently been planted here with great success.
A strong local Truckers' Association has been organized to
promote the interests of truck growers. They have recently gone
into the question of raising strawberries on a large seals, with
the result that next season will see a large increase of acreage
in that line. One experienced grower of strawberries stated at a
meeting of the association that his profits on three acres of
strawberries for the year had been $3,700.
J. T. Daniels reports returns of $600 an acre on egg plant,
$250 an acre on tomatoes, and $200 an acre on sweet potatoes.
These crops can all be raised on the same land in the same
year, showing a total yield of $1,050 per sere-just EIGHTY-
SEVEN times the average yield of Illinois corn land.
T. D. Graham has raised 380 bushels of sweet potatoes, worth
$175, and 200 bushels of Irish potatoes, worth $200 to the acre,
twice the.average returns from good Florida land. He says:
"Strawberres, peaches and pears also do well."
J. A. Jennings has realized at the rate of $560 an acre from
string beans and $340 an acre from tomatoes.
W. A. O'Neill has raised 400 bushels of sweet potatoes and
412 gallons of syrup to the acre, with average yields of $200
on crops as easy to grow as corn.
C. 8. Allman, five years ago, bought a piece of hammock
land. He now has forty acres cleared, a large, well furnished
home, a barn, stock and machinery, and has a snug sum in the
bank. Mr. Allman realize $250 per acre from watermelons
and $1.50 per bushel for peanuts. Mr. Allman raises corn prof-
itably, alternating with rows of velvet beans, which he uses for
stock feed. He has never used an ounce of fertilizer.
E. K. Whidden, of spring Lake, says: "I would not take
fwe time what my farm cost m fe years ago. I traveled
carefully over the entire tate before I looted here, and found
the beat land in Florida in Bemando
County. I have raised big rops of ea-
rou vegetables without fertilizer, and
have igs, peaches, pears, plusw, apri-
cots, oranges and tangerines growing on
L. B. Varn came to Brooksville not
many years ago in modest eireumstances.
He now owns 25 sares of orange groves,
on which he uses no fertilizer, and is
head of the Yarn Dairy Company, which
furnishes dairy products for the town of
Brooksville, and fattens cattle for the
market. He has built forty houses in
Brooksville, owns the biggest hotel, the
garage, ice plant, cannery, and a gen-
ral store. He is also a heavy stock-
holder in a local bank and other enter-
prism. Here is a sample of what ean
be dow by a man of enterprise in this
part of lorida.
B. A. Elis says: "1 he" Maied 9,000
head of eabblge, veragin twelve
poand seae ea on one ae. It is oom
me for farmers hre to *erge OW
Tb n nrs. krnd .i t"M ditriet s ape.
ewh. Mlir* 0teftly fne for celery."
Export from WmWhmtom Ipmb CtGrovos
Brooksville had as a guest recently C. A. Beed, pomologist,
of Washington, D. C., who came here especially to investigate
the propagation of pecans in Hernando County.
While here Mr. Reed, who is known in the Department of
Agriculture as the "Nut Bug" visited the 30-aere pean grove
located west of the borough limit and owned by former Gov-
ernor W. 8. Jennings, of Jakonville, the Fulton & Truitt grove
of 20 acres four miles west of town, the Jennings nursery in
town, and inspected many smaller pecan groves and tree.
As a special agent of the Department in Nut Culture in-
vetigations, Mr. Beed was decidedly pleased with the progers
being made by the local grower. In the Jennings and the
Poum Orom. Our boh hmmmre lad is l DS daped to pwes
ad local .rv ms swe a awin ul ptgras
Fulton & Truitt grove he found growing buds of all but two
of the many kind of peeans that he recommends to Florida
growers. The Jenings grove, of an equal number of nursery
budded stock and ield budded tock, includes about a score of
varieties, all of which are making fne growth and promise of
early bearing. The Fulton & Truitt grove consists of eleve-year
old seedling tres which were top drewed and budded to the
various varieties of approved pecan.
Mr. Reed w agr bly surprised to learn that the local
grower had adopted so many varieties of the best kinds, inelud-
ing Bradley, Curti, President, Fritseher, Moore, Bobon, Bs-
sell, Stuart Teehe and Van Deman, and recommended aso
Suoes and Moneymaker.
For those who are willing to wait several years for their
profits, no horticultural crop in the United States will surpass
the budded paper shelled pecans. Like grape fruit, pecans offer
very little likelihood of overproduction. America annually im-
ports over five million dollars' worth of nuts, all inferior to our
Paper shell peans sell in northern markets for from 60 cents
to $1 a pound, and wholesale buyers would contract for ten
times the present product if it could be obtained. Most au-
thorities agree that a ix-year budded tree should produce about
ten pounds of nuts, and a ten-year tree about forty pounds.
Both climate and soil at Brookavills are ideally adapted to
pecan. Proof of this is the splendid sucees that has been met
with here in grafting pean buds on the wild young hickory
trees found throughout the hammock.
W. A. Fulton, and other, are going in for pecan on a large
seale, and they advise new settlers to use every young hickory
tree on their land on which to graft pecan buds. Ths will in
no way interfere with the cultivation of the land in other crops,
and at the end of five or six years will begin showing large
Our high hammock lad, according to good authority and
local demonstration, i ad bly adaed to The Clestial
variety i growing m e profu d an the Turkey Brow fig is
also strong. reeinnsded.
ig are an early, ertai ad profitable crop. The tree is
aulad usually plated 300 to the acre. A the presering
plants pay 3 cents a pound for fg delivered under a five-year
contract, the returns should be about as follows:
Second year ............. ................ 60.00
Third year ................................ 90.00
Fourth year ........................ ...... 150.00
Fifth year ................................ 300.00
Farmers' Bulletin 342, issued by the United States Depart.
meat of Agriculture, says:
"The fig bear at O early age, and abundantly on soils
adapted to it* culture. It reaokh its highest development on a
fertile, moist, but well drained loam oil, oonta inig an abundant
supply of lime."
The high hammock lands near Brooksville meet all these re-
quirement. They are fertile, moist and well drained to a high
degree and generally underlaid with limestone. They are un-
questionably ideally adapted to fg culture.
Japanese persimmons, when grafted to the native persimmon
tree, bring good returns the second year, and produce large
yields the second and third year from grafting. The United
States Department of Agriculture has shown keen interest in the
development of this fruit during the past three or four years,
and the demand is increing every year. Although there is
not as yet a fixed market, a m the eae of oranges and grape
fruit, the demand so far has exceeded, the supply, and local
grower have realized a much as 7 a bushel for their fruit.
n this basis, the profits from a persimmon grove would run into
the thousands per acre. This is not to be expected on a large
seale, but the fruit can always be cultivated as an interesting
side line, which will produce quick returns and good profits.
The Imul Bosms TeM ta in d io ehi *e esbme 1 e s ladles-
des of the nd ml 4r ed 8 hdo eIs.--
timI kard ti mH m/ rm,
Syrup Cane Yields Abundantly on Hammock Land
Syrup Cane, known as Ribbon Cane, is a staple crop on our
hammock lands, the returns being three times as great as in
Louisiana, or in any of the best known sugar cane regions in this
The cultivation of sugar cane is simple, as it does not have
to be replanted oftener than every five years. By reason of the
warm winters, it has a long growing season and can be har-
vested weeks after the ordinary harveting period in Missisippi
and Louisiana, thereby developing much more sugar. The con-
verting of the cane into syrup is done by an inexpensive mill,
such as many farmers are successfully operating.
Florida sugar cane syrup is the finest flavored table syrup
produced in this country, and since the passage of the Pure Food
Law the demand throughout the North for a pure cane syrup has
been enormous. The market is practically unlimited. There is
not half enough being raised to supply the demands of Florida.
Professor P. H. Bolfs, head of the State Agricultural Col-
lege, says: "Florida could dispose annually of a million gal-
lons more sugar cane syrup than she is now producing."
Dr. W. H. Wiley, formerly Chief Chemist of the United States
Department of Agriculture, says: "In one particular industr
Florida stands pre-eminent, and that is the manufacture of
table syrup# from sugar cane. By the developing of this in-
dwutry untold wealth will in the near future flow into Florida."
On the advies of the Department of Agriculture, two big
cane syrup mills have just been established near Brookville.
A considerable acreage was milled last season, and pronounced
by experts from Mississippi the invest syrup eane they had
ever seen. It is expected that there will be early 400 acres
of eane milled during 1914-15, and probably 1,000 aere in
The Hernando Farms Co., composed principally of new settlers,
has installed a modern 700-ae capacity mill, and ground during
the past winter the product of 60 acres of cane west of Brooks-
ville, and a third milling company will soon install and operate
at Brooksville another big capacity mill.
The velvet bean, combined with Japanese cane, or Cassava,
makes an excellent ration of splendid balance and is one of
the best soil renovators known.
Nitrogen is one of the most necessary fertilizing elements
required by the ordinary crop, and velvet beans gather large
quantities of nitrogen from the air and leave it in the ground
for succeeding crops.
Japanese cane and Cassava are among the greatest forage
crops grown, but are deficient in certain qualities. Velvet beaus
supply that deficiency cheaply and well.
Velvet beans yield about a ton and a half in the pod and one
acre will fatten three head of cattle. A large amount of fer-
tiliser is also left in the soil for succeeding crops, of a ralue
estimated at $20 an acre.
While our hammock lands will require the minimum of fer-
tilizer, for most crops none, intensive cultivation for winter
truck will make it profitable to plant an occasional crop of
There is a strong demand for good velvet bean seed, and as
the quality of seed grown in the Brooksville district is of a
superior order, it can be sold at about a bushel, yielding $60
an acre. This is four times as profitable as raising corn in
Illinois, and, instead of wearing out the land on which it grows,
velvet beans increase the fertility of the soil.
The natural range grasses, sand, rb, peavine, beggarweed,
broom sage, blue joint, etc., are all good; hay can be cut most
anywhere; and such grass as Bermuda, Guinea, Par and
Natal grow to perfection.
Broom Corn, Sorghum and Cotton
Our high hammock land are also adapted to the cultivation
of Broom Ooro, which is considered on of the bet staple rope.
Beently a small path of broom orn was experimemtally raised
near Brooksville, which surpassed in evenness, length, texture
and other qualities broom corn produced in the prise corn-growing
sections of Illinois.
Sorghum of unusual excellence is also grown her, as well
as long-staple cotton. In fact, this distret is one of the bet
sections in the Booth for thee staple crops.
wool :Zril Toj : r u TM&m so ber a ullrn hess soser ed. 035
"MM rllr a m YOWL~
Poultry, Dairying and Stock Raising All Profitable
Profits in poultry raising at Brooksville as a business or a
side line are sure and certain, because the hens lay all the year
round, markets are convenient and unlimited, and inexpensive
green fodder can be raised every month in the year.
The excellent drainage of the land prevents sickness and dis-
ease, and the climte i so mild no expensive buildings are re-
quired for shelter. Chickens must be well taken eare of, but a
suitably located and properly managed chicken farm is bound to
pay handsome profits.
Chickks Ar a Great MeYr Mauer
To the newcomer we recommend the raising of poultry while
he is getting returns from his first truck. several are doing this
and serving satisfactory returns. To the man or woman who
wihes quick returns, we advise them to go in for poultry exelu-
sively. Four hundred chickens can be sueessfully kept on one
acre An industrious family can eare for and raise one thou-
and ehiekens. In addition to $1 per hen for egg, broilers can
be sold throughout the year at an average price of 0 cents each.
E. K. Whidden ys: "I make good money growing chickens.
I get $1 each for hes, and $1 for a setting of ffteen eggs.
Chickens thrive splendidly-all food consumed by chickens is
raised on the farm and the sate of Ocickens enables me to obtain
fancy prices for all farm produce they consume."
One of our customers intends to soon begin establishing what
will eventually be the largest poultry farm In the entire state.
As an indication of the enormous loeal demand, it may be
stated that almost a million dollars' worth of eggs and poultry
were shipped by one wholesale house from Tampa to Cuba last
year, and every dollar worth of these products was brought in
from Northern states.
Tampa is only 49 miles from Brooksville, and being a large
jobbing center, offer a big market, not only for eggs, but
countless other farm products. In addition to the poultry market
offered by Tampa and the Cuban trade, it may be added that a
large portion of the regular Florida demand, and the require-
meats of the big winter tourist hotels is today being supplied by
poultry products imported from as far away as Iowa. Brooks-
ville farmers can supply at least a portion of this large demand
and keep this money at home.
Every man or woman willing to do the necessary work will
ind dairying highly proftable. Florida, owing to its large
tourist population in the winter does not prodaue enough butter,
milk or cream for its own needs, and anyone who can properly
conduct a dairy will be amply rewarded.
Hernando Conaty--oeial home of the velvet bean, to the
South what lover is to the North, and alfalfa to the West--ha
only recently awakened to the large profits to be made in dairying.
Coras vatslvet essavelve Japans eane, and all sorts
of root vegetable be pro ed here at half the sort of the
The State Agricultral Department, Blletin 101, says that
the velvet ben is on of the cheapest sad moet valuable milk
producers grown. Cassava and Japanese cane are also big milk
producers, according to the same authority.
Dairying in the Brooksville district on a commercial basis is a
new industry, yet the results are flattering. With only a few
cows Mrs. R A. Lowry has been conducting a dairy for two
years and has made money. M. L. Shane with native forage,
and some feed added, within a few months secured a frm footing
in the dairy business. Recently the Varn Dairy and Stock Farm
Company was formed to supply milk, beef, pork and poultry.
Brooksville is the center of the best dairying and stock raising
section in Florida, if not in the South. Her high, well-drained
and well-watered lands are healthful for took and unlimited
markets at high prices are elots at hand, as Tampa, Jacksonville
and other Florida cities now import from the North nearly all
the butter they consume.
tock raising in Florida, and especially in Hernando County,
offers large and certain profit. Ranges in the United states are
rapidly disappearing. The number of res devoted to the stock
industry in Texas has decreased fifty per cent in ten years and
the available range in other Western states has all been appro-
The price of beef cattle and pork is advancing almost daily,
and the money-making opportunity that stock raising offers in
connection with diversied farming in Florida is being generally
The beef of the future will have to be growh on the unall farm
and the territory that can produce this beef most economically
will develop an industry of immense profit.
As to the possibilities of stock raising in the South, Director
8. A. Knapp, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, U. 8. Depart-
ment of Agriculture, says:
"In three respects a large portion of the South is superlatively
adapted to stock raising.
"First. Because of the abundant forage that aon be provided
from plants uch as velvet bean, oassava, and Japanese loans, that
grow with amassing vigor, are extremely nutritious, and offer
abundant forage throughout the year.
"Second. Because of the long period of pasturage which
makes stock raising far more economical than in the North where
for many months stock mlut be stall fed.
"Third. Because of the great reduction in the expense of
"In the final adjustment of agriculture in the United states,
I believe that a large portion of the South will be found pre-
eminently adapted to dairying, to the production of cattle, swine
and poultry, and that it will be found that they can be raised
more economically there than in almost any other portion of the
Hammock Land Cleared Under Contract $15 An Acre
In other words, the settler who pay. $50 an acre for his land
and then $15 to $25 an aere clearing it, has land worth mouse
than the total expenditure, henee the investment shows a profit
even before any crops are planted.
The cost of clearing our high hammock land will range from
$15 an acre up. In order to assist new settlers a company has
recently been formed to take contracts for clearing hammock
lands at $15 an acre.
This concern will contract to remove all trees 10 inches or
less in diameter; also all underbrush, and all trees over 10
inches in diameter will be girdled.
The stumps that are left in the ground will rot away in from
two to three years, and will benefit the soil. Hardwood stumps
rot away much quicker than pine stumped, as the latter contain
pitch and turpentine.
Hih Hammock Lead Before Clea ing
Most people have an erroneous impression regarding the cost
of clearing high hammock land.
They think it must be very expensive because the land is so
It does not occur to them that growth above the surface is
often less expensive to remove than growth below the surface.
On pine land, especially where there is much palmetto, the
growth is largely below the surface, the roots sending out small
feeders to secure nourishment from a large area.
Land of this character will cost as high as $50 an am to
elear, as the small roots must be carefully grubbed out by hand.
Cleared Land, with the lrst Crap in the Gread
Clearing such as the above, which can be done under con-
tract, will enable the settler to get in his lerst erop quickly,
and he can complete the work at his convenience while his crope
Practically all of our farmers have followed this method and
have found it very practical and succeful. The shade afforded
by the' girdled tress ats as a protection to the tender fast-
growing rope on virgin lands and our farmers recommend this
plan of clearing.
The United States Government, in clearing the land for its
Experimental Station near Brooksville, followed this method,
leaving the large trees and stumps and removing only the
small trees and underbrush. Crops are now growing on this land.
New settler hms en hammoek laed seer Breelvlle. Home pnra-
tically comspletd ad Inya citrus reves already set out
In the majority of cases, however, settlers should estimate
an expense of from $10 to $15 an acre for clearing pine land,
saielently to get in their fmrt erop.
By this, we do not mean removing all the stumps, nor all the
tree, as it is in most eam desirable to leave some trees standing.
On the high hammos k lnd the growth is largely above the
surface. It an be cleared at less expense than antlepated.
It is tru, however, that the ost of lesaring high hammock sand
is slightly more than ordinary pine land, whieh has no pal
matto, but this added eat is of small important eampared with
the enormous saving In fertilization every year, when the land
bas oan ben cleared.
Poew lan, aware i ithe Sots, ha the parsest growth,
ha"ms It e man y b e learned the heape.
On ped g la y a mat epest to fSd a good growth.
0he at a dearh however, mes nt bn emiddred ans
mp ibt an hivestmet, espatly lbe the lsad Itself. eam e Dee d ~W ms a l Queses
Tw.o Railroads at Brooksville Now
We now have two railroads at Brookville-the Atlantic Coast
Line Railway and the Tampa Northern Railway.
The distance to Tampa is 49 miles; to Jacksonville, 190
miles, and to the Gulf of Mexico, 15 miles.
Until the Tampa Northern Railway was completed, a few
years ago, we had no direct line to Tampa, and were at the
mercy of one road for an outlet. This is the reason Hernando
County has just begun to develop. With more railroad con-
struetion, which should moon be under way, development will go
forward as it never han before.
Now that we have competition, both roads operate a double
service daily, both for passenger and freight. In fact, our
freight shipments to and from Tampa go through as quickly
Ailatle Coaft Lia DOOM at Broeksyill
The Tampa Northern Railroad, which was projected as part
of a direct air line route from Tampa to.Chiago via Atlanta,
was recently built due north as far as Brooksvllt Millions of
dollars wee expended an docks and terminals at Tampa.
The Seaboard Air Line, one of the greatest railroad system
of the South, now running in a roundabout route from Tampa
north, aw the great value of a direct line and recently pur-
chased the Tampa Northern road.
No time wau lt in sending a big surveying party into the
field from Brooksville north to Inverness, a distance of 20 miles,
to which point the Seaboard already operates. The most avail-
able route was selected, arrangement for eountretion have been
made, and work should soon be under way. Invernes is north of
Brooksville, and a direct line will almost bieet the Annutta-
President Harahan, of the Seaboard Line, while on a recent
visit to Tampa, remarked that the extension north of Brooks-
ville was sehduled as one of the rt to be built.
Meanwhile the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, which just as
vitally need a direct line from Tampa to the north, has become
aroused. As soon as the Seaboard announced its determination
to build north from Brooksville, the A. 0. L road at ones
sets it engineering department at work to project a second
line from Tampa to Atlanta. The route, now practically ac-
eopted, run directly from Tampa to Trilby, Trilby to Brooks-
ville, Brooksville to Homosara, and north. It will utilize much
of the A. L. main line and branches, requiring the construc-
tion of only a few gape.
An engineering rew was rat here several weeks ago under
rush orders to relet the most favorable line north from Brooks,
vill. The route aelted follows the Tampa Northern survey
about three miles north from Brooelville, then vers to the
west until it reaches the line of the tram road, which it follows
almost due north, passing a short dtanee west of Lake Staf-
ford, and leaving the hammock near Section 12, in the north-
In addition to the desire to obtain a direct north line, the
enormously profitable freight traffic of the Annuttalaggs Ham-
mock, capable of being developed and secured by the railroads
that serve the same, has been constantly before the eyes of the
It is estimated that in ten years the freight revenue from
the hammock from the thousands of seres of grape fruit, sugar
cane and vegetables that experts declare will be under cultiva-
tion then, should annually pay the cost of the road's con-
No richer agricultural land, no territory capable of produc-
ing greater tonnage, exists on the continent, and the highest
ofeiial of both railroads have decided that the immediate
searing and development of this traffic is a prise worth while.
It, therefore, is only a question of time when the main, trunk
lines of Florida's two great railroad will be birecting the
hammock north and south-the Seaboard serving the eastern
portion, the A. C. L. the western, with passenger and freight
trains from Chicago and New York passing Msores of fertile
farm--with every amre only a few miles from at least one road,
and perhaps two, and with them railroads offering a direct
outlet for the growers' fruit and vegetables to the markets of
In addition to our present railroad facilities and the certain
exteuion of same, many parties have indicated their willingness
and agerness to asist in construction of an electric line
throughout the hammock district. On account of abundant water
power being available in this county, it is entirely possible that
ultimately our settlers will be served by a network of trolley
line, which in addition to being a great advantage in han-
dling their products should afford much pleasure in reaching
various resorts throughout the section.
Owing to our location and splendid transportation facilities
we have no case to worry about markets. We never lack refrig-
erator ars or other cars, and our shipments go through in good
Brooksville itself furnishes a local market at good prices for
practically all of the eggs, dairy products, oats, corn, hay, sweet
potatoes, cane syrup and fodder that is raised in this vicinity.
Tampa, Jacksonville and other Florida cities take all the farm
products that we can end them, such as eggs, butter, cane syrup,
etc., which bring higher prices there than in the .North. Tampa
also has a big export trade.
Our market for fruit and vegetables is, of course, in the North,
and the demand always keeps ahead of the supply.
At the opening of each season, buyers from Northern markets
come to Brooksville prepared to pay cash for fruit and truck.
Fortunately we have an ice plant ere so our produce can be
shipped in refrigerator ars.
We also have two good fruit and vegetable canneries at Brooks-
ville, which ineares the farmers a market for such of their
products as they do not care to ship.
Our citrus fruit is disposed of through the Florida Citrus Ex-
ohange, which works on a co-operative basis, its object being to
distribute the crop from the entire State among the various
Northern markets, or, if the grower so deire, he an sell his
fruit right on the trees at a good price, and thus eliminate pick-
ing, peeking, etc.
Brooksville has Best Public Schools in State
Best Public Schools in the State
Brooksville and Hernando County are famous for their public
schools, which are generally conceded to be the best in the State.
A recent State school eenu failed to show a single illiterate
white child ten years or older within the county.
At the great State Fair held in Tampa, Hernando County
was awarded eight aret prise for the largest and best exhibits,
in addition to numerous individual prisee. Recently the High
School athletic team won highest honors in a State conteet held
Brooksville has a Senior High School, with a principal and ten
assistant, and a diploma from this High School entitles the
holder to enter the sophomore class in any of the State colleges
In addition to the schools in Brooksville, there are throughout
the county 18 rural graded schools, with 20 tsehers, who receive
from $35 to $150 a month salary.
Free text-books are furnished the pupils in any of the 12
grades in all county eshool. Under the Florida law new schools
must be established wherever 12 or more children can be brought
Breeksle ih io sLeebt
Homneseks' Rates to Brookadle
Homeseekers' rate from northern points to Brookville are
in efect on the Ant and third Tuesday of each month, and are
good for Aftee days.
The homseekers' fare from Chicago to Brooksville and return
is $ 50. The regular one-way fare from Chicago to Brooks-
ville, good aay day, is $30.60.
Batee from other northern points are higher or lower than the
Chicago rate, depending on the distance. Your local ticket agent
will give you the exact rate from your town.
The distance from Chicago to Brookville by rail is 1804 miles
and the time about forty-three hours.
Few Mosquitoes and insects
We have some moequitoe, as does every other section of the
country, but fewer mosquitoes are found on the hills of old
Hernando than any other place in the State, and, for that matter,
any other State.
To more than half the inhabitants of the county the mosquito
bars or screens against insect are unknown, because not needed.
Ante or other insets as posts are not to be found among them
O'ed farm labor, white or colored, can be employed at $1 to
1.50 a day, the laborers boarding themselves. Domestic help
costs from $5 to $10 a month, with board..
A plain but qopfortable house for a small family ean be built
for $150 up, as building material is cheap and cold-proof con-
strnetion is unnecessary.
Bough lumber eoets $12 a thousand dressed lumber $15, and
matched lumber $18 a thousand; hingl 4, and brick, 08.
Experienced arpenters' wages average 3.50 to $4 a day.
A good wire fence can be constructed around a 10-acre piece
of land for about $100.
There is abundant fuel, either pine or oak; market pries, $1
Horse range in price from $75 to $200; male slightly higher.
Cows eost from $20 to $40.
Taxe are aeled January let of ech year and are due Oeto-
ber 1st following. Both the rate and valuation are very low.
We estimate taxes on 10 arer of hammock lad at about $2 a
Herando County is especially proud of the water which nature
has given her in abundance. A well du or drilled in say por-
tion of the county will produce pure war, free from lime and
other impurities, and at all times ool and refreshng.
To the average cities of this county a poisoaos make is
almost as great a curiosity as it would be to the other visitor.
One of our sttler who has lived in eight differat States state
he had never lived ay place where there were so few sake as at
and TeeL TWA C1ues OS NOM NO. & Owne 01IM
I deal Climate the
Hernando County is famous for its climate, both in winter and summer.
In winter ires are seldom needed, the thermometer ranging from 40 to 75 degrees, with
an occasional fall, luting but a few hours.
In summer we have no intense heat like northern cities, the thermometer seldom reaching
90 degree and then only for a short while. funstrokee ar unknown, and our farmers work
in the Aelc the entire year round.
Our night are also cool and plsuant for sleep. We have no fogs, cyclones, tornadoes,
hurricane or earthquake.
Hernando County, although bordering on the Gulf, reaches an altitude of 828 feet, 15
miles inland. Owin to this altitude e derive the full benefit from the Gulf breeze, which
make our summer climate more equable than any other portion of the State.
General health conditions in Hernando County are not excelled by any other county in
The town of Brooksville, all of our hammock land and some of our pine lands are located
on a high ridge, or backbone, where there is absolutely no marsh or swamp land.
Our death rate is very low and malaria is almost an unknown quantity, except in certain
parts of the county where the land is low and where the natural drainage is not surlcient to
earry off the surface water.
Hunting, Fushing, Etc.
Hunting is exceptionally good here, deer, wild turkey, duck,
quail and small game bing plentiful. There are more deer in
Hernando County than any other part of the State, excepting the
Everglades, while fdr wild turkeys no other section will compare
with our hammock.
We also have excellent fishing all the year round. Black bass,
weighing as much as 12 pounds, are aught in the fresh water
lakes battered throughout the county, while in the Gulf of
Mexio and its inlet-only 15 miles from Brooksville-there is
splendid isking praetially every month in the yar.
Many northern sportsmen and pleasure seekers make their
winter headquarters at Bayport, an local reeidents aso run out
to this point whenever they want a day's good dahing. Bed fish,
bseepehead, se trout, sa bae and 8panish mackerel ar plentiful.
Tarpon fishing is also good in the spring and summer.
The rolling country around Brooksville is ideal for horseback
riding, driving ad automobiling. Brooksville is on the National
Automobile highway and is visited by hundreds of tourists who
enjoy autoing through the many citrus groves, over the rolling
hills, and through the vast hardwood forests.
The Rainy Seson
What is known as the rainy season in Florida varies from year
to year. It begins usually in June and ends in September. This
does not mean that rain falls continuously, but merely in show-
ers, one or two a day like "April showers" in the North, which
temper the heat and render the summer cool and delightful.
Owing to the perfect drainage afforded by our high hammock
lands these showers do not interfere with farm work here; in fact,
they ae great benefit.
During the fall, winter and spring we have the ordinary rain-
fall, which is sMueient for all our needs.
For map, price, terms and further information, address
Brooksville Hammock Land Co.
Largest Ownen as~ Devopers of Hammock Land in the State of Florida
Brooksville Board of Trade, Brooksville, Florida Hernando State Bank, Brooksville, Florida
Board of County Commissioners, Brooksville, Florida First National Bank, Brooksville, Florida
Or any citizen or business men of Brooksville
(Letter from Saile Manager, Ulorida Citru Zuaeag.)
2AIM. ROXm16a. 0. seas
ab. IL a. team.
Ummusi No weedwm "asse %a IIs
&WAGe Mot bases in Ihidl ed b, r". a
6.- OW 1l see Im s
Wagd led moft a" use 1b a- b o as papa
0 0 M of ad a* raw 400 se u aman
of wesaft ade d owe UAW ~ .o
OPIU sbms, b10 at govi,"h Sam 011s.
(Ltter from State Comptroller Croom)
kmqiW ~ss, dkmqspedq lopseslionso
IldNo0 W"~li sed an 051kv lof of p~~.Idd
we of de010w "at P"m a a "m
I M- 1* ME~~* I e
d eledn" seer Us 11= emr e
ine" ad ~ @mat Ia @apadahts 6"fM
St *A saIrme mterll IA is8 .15 ofIlmies
"iss me' us sleae 1k0ka ensv I hM
bl @INq Isb, OW N .13Mm FiO
yalis p, to vIisa os f e am Imut
9mtrklbft eIb 1k 11*1beatmMk s
slw olrle se so slesb
sie ladda imlte. .
seeS s beu IMts su. It .
1kml 14w Im le k 5.1k Is NI
U. S. Government
The United States Government
Weather Bureau records show the
averlae mean temperature and rain.
fall, month by month, for the past
18 years at Brooksville, as follows:
January .......... 60 3.12
February ......... 67 3.49
April ............. 77 2.34
May .............. 80 3.33
August ......... 79 9.33
October.......... 65 2.51
November ........ 69 1.59
December ......... 71 2.35
~119tat s Ames AND u~* $
"OUSI Of R(P499NTATIVIS U.S..
a.. Am* 0. 1010.
so So. I1I9.
USIa I bow s MO Treal"A la 3sheovilBn. I aows
Hem am* dut a Moseer of time ama ba a twonlarity with
*a Imes. be I* um Ito" the hxamttolss Inaah several
tim1 MARIN 0 a Ptbetl Yews.
I bere slowU ,amMA t13. leams as I" niag
ia the wo, a nortt oe %04 we Ui m at .Un we be Meet
MDIIl oebtltre I new of b" am? a" "* 20 1Wal lArai"
M M ea se s Nwa mbelefoe Isr 09 weu of NAgI& t$bt m
bhoose ties bt en so Ga Iw Stfae. I fal that I am
rosead them s ehiguy s O OlNOWA I MAW Of @'hete.
v ham bow st Val an atam is losa I x.01 thba x am
"Oak berl1 of golln ei tWa lkat".
yo TINY trav.
(Letter from Promdmst of Floiidoa Oit BZoshnge)
mm. I. A. bitew.
*o ta a. 1.1mm,
I ymit l ilrr g itombm aaie~
oobesiio. AN aNEots hwe IN USS AM ale
ge, ae om to k )ow, t les,. o o i
atm beb wathl.ab
Abewhois. oMe dmadw brDoes no owesgat tt a"e
awooto bot sta eato eas asvewe wupew iss the
isatoeweems as a pfa.Vgu sa
00 e 0mW uriwil mtWeW&
(Letter fromi Congressarn BSparkmasn)
M6 1- am. 3. 1.
(Letter from BSenaor iktdser)
'Antneb -3tates mant
beohawillo, Fo a.sr Mb, me I
:.m gw to eo the peoSle of Naerse Ocsst
detoegjei %0 atreast ~am the eras settlers tt we
*wahu to nleift~o van bows. to otter lits osiaoib to trait
Owrn1lrne aeat wman ot beet galS ty.
tuable Is. *People UOehia for gb lmaws base met has ~bo
thee. is umesa Oeasy. law gav o am woitieag l e
po wlisi seek. Pups we omits to nleoto Isa Uase of
bases Iso w Imcam Nwambes. Se an Umot People *A
winl sea foo oitloene slolelmay theUp Meh me
awtiut. Saey have Rawest thatrleuLto se safthMass
$bso seem. Lawet ad MINrm.
swum" ONY m offer a tasem 1 s MO Me
feudI tis 01 or Mabe ~ oa. Tomoew a PO311m Or Me
&hINMl osesonb, a Isona setimt, semaWO pna0o fmaties.,
M O b bek andWmat *my wpaft ofail.Z or W&W-
1*6im fIaalltio bee horns Iqeewi he now thes we we
sa. IW eloaf. Tehrn ealases, uloandbeatom besa
abeie Maew sply
are? a tim misow 1 par Iad
PM ftweem he Oifflernls to waxpwdasAas
be0 Fee her "Offe presqeetti Gommiw. Too mIw
awm$, I Me
Two my 4Idwo
aft. Z. Zan.
Op tow 9121-
(Letter from* Boanker Jesrdags)
\.le-1 uc~poj.Awo I*oS-CAPITAI 6I6~6O
BROOKSIVILLE, FLA. my Set, 1910
De his- ~ d La~a tag h~
I have 11ye" in Norsma" @eiut7 ilthu-
*iWt ama aM u moqimwnte4 ,ih all the Ian" in
this woetie, WM aloo bare a p1ial kw1lojP
of all South 1lorlw1.
In iotwmo to Tow ISSIPU "o to t00
Aiataiao bman nor howwavill, will aw
Without rwov, that in f opinion time boo of
lan s thowtbse"t ofs a s I bnwotLa in owhtb
weo"tof s ths giste.
It Is ~aQd to all fsam SkN
tht"l @Ion tformks an od Catm fruits, wol
ftalad wa bftshW Twoin very tru
ftJ4 Idd~AA t.
(Letter from Cominoaoiser of AgvioWSur)
'- 'aw' -&,
a i AU.
amn. 9 I. Plles.
t o sw is woooo it "ns of as I** Lum. to
bia m Ips s Um -u slu "a s e am to bw S soem"
of eaboo &elAMPWe fan Wisinem. sawws ml .uesim=
U15tor Islps Or rMIos Is Nu 8t I. =l6Lt U
wft Sms.. tho we 15ms Mm 7s semirooim Iasomw In
40 em.ai in ad wew se. go ham Use ba or a. -o
wasmemu toGAls sua vool owte ad arm Mad of .m
iemo "a bure sovVariou 51 e GOCei m 41 ae w "44
w pow am of @a&*. lbmlemun Or Do wdi oram.
poonooaes of a IN~5 beeeiw'ev of Bo was.
We bo SOt %*Uwe 0. Mw5 u5. et3 Sof soeni
or u lm as a*qpwo Its %.me s. is inoeea i
weew 1w am "al In 1W. @We of u.M14a. "1 b atope ber
a WoM te $0 a u S wa a to eta a" yaume Goias
as we ono Ia ft selo Of aEMow .o obml bIU
Geeva Go I. Is sews 00 upre sat wb 150 noPo
d.w o tIs$ ues we UNDisen Stul be 828 to bew. 20 use
an 2.010 sops. of auk a w* 8 am for iltbelea. 1W
M semlh hLOWI40 ftwWow b ase toe s is Salowse
a81 bost wows low Oa -.
(LI.OQ ~Y~ TernwW ~LIl.I
(Lettetrfrie ereun ef Mlbr~ Cttvw Euasme)
aaw A. Vam
doftG f bd ol NW
ad NOW ?A isN. BOSOM iibe~.e~b uf
51I Waon la 3 bW
-t mm pow op ad -mie -7 04101 1 o"00 am mw
Is we ~ slow Ad 10h M11011 ISO APIN um o
am = bem e.IM
e sm OWN" waa moo toes "ft ftou eeof o"a mo5
*e=l sumMG sumW~ 51.5 am Oobemam IMm One IAMM 110
emina ovmmtd am mIOU "go ofn Sum booto to v0 aW ,0wi "olem
44asmo uetnom iSm m@wI"1A as
mer mmm --.1 pm
SI Sk me"0MiU w n am mm -w a It M elm
pm5 aW em ei see We eIU k eem.011~1
"a. as ENS 5m oval ft imem UM a s
aUrq em me mlme r u emS am mm1 13l InL
ims ma 4 14 00 1% mi. *Am"
"opium- 8 rrY1M M at OWS "t WI MO M
:%= go= mlajqr su oto i M"ww
I em MP pi eme es1 *I em~ mmW
Ie f 41 o Go was al Su to gm e amnI a~me
save o so b 55mI Go 8w mu em em
loom ou rab*ft.
(Letter from Swprew Court Jwtie)
mb. w. 3. him.
Mate of ITlriba
( 9t. ItI&
p W )Low 1-
It SMAG as Pleasur to giv yieo
aLom soIuwa a#, OEM **lqa of Wsoail 0t. I
IM wr asgealelot v115 thai for abut twa8 'M Mg
sesidg Is 3uioflll for ims 799?s bos
twill.9 usl sot Olowl t SO mlowol b m* Lm fS ,b
ife too 01st of lloult farm ese top*@* t"M ?I. IMu
to aul vuos N~wia. sons wows up. ; aettsf'
a ~iinl si h I tbawe of Uwe i444 1w $0 ltw
ow wayims-Uas pRoas ofaueefme I
Oemu& am to ts Ml Ainestew- .belaGo
mat1 nows-bon im.be-fe" toe sotaws. aw Mpz* ,
psines I" sasvslG fto gese fe o, t be La ea
Go-&. Ibn ftes ffly.. e
mlcjr bual krrtw. ~ i~l~I
p ~ ayl~ bd~1IISs 4AIh M
(Lettr frm aot1 Ckohm J10)
SWrAI 07 LOUDA
- -OI Os cwMsTII
011bG44 P" inOM 10
. I. A. kelee.
ke10Usa. a"&& .
bes rr~~~) 1; tIl
7W7Tqq;pWT F Li
Afad.,er'. sI,. Iuo.