Front Cover
 Title Page
 Florida lands: "The land of...
 Map of Lake Apopka

Group Title: Rich farmlands in Florida : upland muck reclaimed by the Delta Canal Company.
Title: Rich farmlands in Florida
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055193/00001
 Material Information
Title: Rich farmlands in Florida upland muck reclaimed by the Delta Canal Company
Alternate Title: Delta Canal Company's Florida lands
Physical Description: 16 p. : ill., map ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Delta Canal Company
Publisher: Stanton Printing Co.
Place of Publication: Grand Rapids Mich
Publication Date: 1895
Subject: Land use -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Lake County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Orange County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055193
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001826533
oclc - 41492737
notis - AJQ0586

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Florida lands: "The land of flowers"
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Map of Lake Apopka
        Page 17
Full Text

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"The Land of Flowers."

THIS valuable deposit of fertile lands is located in Lake and
Orange counties, Florida, about forty hours from New
York or Chicago. It was derived originally from vegetable growth
in and around Lake Apopka in those past ages when the sub-tropi-
cal growths were so enormous as to be beyond our comprehension.
Whether once in the form of floating islands of aquatic grasses
directly in the lake, or canebrakes or jungles around its shores wash-
ing'down its slopes and there decomposing, the semi-solvent mass
appears to have drifted towards its natural outlet at the northern end
of the lake, and forming there a great sedimentary deposit by
gradual accretions, it has settled down upon the bottom of the lake,
filling It up to the level of Its surface and extending outward from
the northern shore to the southeast, south and southwest, a distance
of several miles.
Varying in depth from a few inches at the original lake shore
line. it gradually increases with -remarkable uniformity, as has been
ascertained by careful measurement to a depth of from fourteen to
sixteen feet at its present margin on the lake, where it now forms
and constitutes of itself the north, northwest and northeasterly shore
of the lake proper at present, forming an area of over twenty
thousand acres, the surface resembling a prairie, and covered by a
growth of various grasses and some weeds, wild millet, etc., so
heavy, so dense and extraordinary, that a very moderate description
of it would seem incredible to those who have not seen it. The
grass-roots form a loose sward some inches in depth, under which
the consistency of the muck resembles ground chocolate in appear-
ance. The fertility of this soil, without manure, where it has been
tested in the production of corn, rice, potatoes, cotton, tobacco,
melons, pumpkins, and many other vegetables is remarkable.


The of the land and lake has reduced the natural level of
Drainage the lake nearly four feet. The present surface of the
marsh is about three feet six inches out of water,
thus securing excellent conditions for production of crops. Sugar
cane has been tried upon this land, and grown successfully. Those
familiar with its enormous growth on the St. Cloud marsh, some
thirty miles south of this, confidently expect quite as heavy a crop
as grows there, it being well known that this muck deposit is fully
equal to that, while the cost of breaking up the land first is less, and
the rapidity and shortness of time within which it becomes well
fitted for planting compares favorably with any such known land in
the country.

The of this muck deposit, the freedom from layers of sand
Uniform or other useless kinds of earth, found in so many
other muck deposits at different depths below the
Quality surface, and sometimes so near the surface that the
roots of growing crops run into these injurious strata, and cause
immediate loss of the crops, is well worth careful attention yby
farmers, and the closest investigation and examination of these lands
and comparison with others is especially invited.
In the North end of the Tract there are thousasads of tons
of a deposit, commonly called Marl, said by ol d residents to be a
good fertilizer in the crude way in which they hav e used it. A very
simple test, made by burning, shows it to possess the most striking
characteristics of lime. In the opinion of some who claim to know,
it is mixed with phosphate, and in this perhaps lies part of its agri-
cultural value.

The furnishes plenty of timber for burning the lime
Surrounding if desired, thus making it easily available for
fertilization. These lands having been grant-
Country ed by the Unitd States to Florid, were
set apart by the State for drainage by the Apopka Canal Com-
pany; but as that company did not complete its undertaking, it
entered under lawful authority into a permanent agreement with the
Delta Canal Company, organized also under the laws of Florida,
which became its successor and purchased and paid for its lands.
it hods title from the State of Florida and has now finished
the drainage of the lands in all essential particulars, there being
now about twenty thousand acres fit for cultivation. The main


_ ___ e


Canal over six miles long, with nearly thirty miles of smaller
auxiliary canals emptying into it and the lake, being now completed.
About two hundred acres of the land are fenced in and several plain
farm buildings, stables, store-houses, etc., have been built. About
half of this enclosure being under cultivation, and upon it have been
grown heavy crops of oats, rye, rice, corn, sweet and Irish potatoes,
celery and other crops, together with peach, apricots and pear trees,
grape vines, etc.. all promising well. Tobacco in limited quantity
has been tried, making a luxuriant growth and promising, in the
opinion of those acquainted with its cultivation in other states, com-
plete success and large profits. The trial of cotton in a small way
promises a good yield and long fiber. Celery has been proved to
grow as well here as in any country, Michigan not excepted, and
with promise of very large prqts. Asparagus promises well here,
peas, tomatoes, egg-plants, cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, cale, etc.,
have all been proven, and to sum the matter up, no crop yet tried
has failed, while the probability is, that broom-corn, so important to
the South would be successful here, while samples of the Johnson
grass of Texas prove it has grown seven feet high in this land with-
out fertilizer. Hay brings high prices in the South, and there is
every reason to believe it can be produced cheaply here on this kind
of land, but not on sandy soil.
The Delta Canal Company holds clear title to and possession of
these muck-lands, together with higher lands immediately around
them, which it now offers for sale; admirably suited for those en-
gaged in cultivation of land and the production of oranges, lemons,
peaches, pineapples and other fruits. The tract is practically sur-
rounded by four railroads, completed and now running and con-
nected with all principal points, north, southeast and west, which
roads at several points touch or pass through the land and have
several stations upon and near them. These roads are "The Florida
Central and Peninsular," "The Orange Belt," "The Florida Midland"
and "Tavares Atlantic and Gulf Railroad," and by Canal boat trans-
portation with the Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railroad at
Mount Dora-thus having the use of five railroads for transportation
of crops, etc. The towns of Tavares, Oakland, Apopka and Zell-
wood are near them, and the city of Orlando is within twenty miles,
while the Delta Canal Company possesses the right of navigation of
the large lake Apopka, the main Canal and its connecting waters.




The Healthful and freedom, past and present, from any
Lo n prevailing diseases is most thoroughly
LoaiO proven by the general condition and good
health of the people, working upon and living all around them, and
the experience of physicians and boards of health in the localities
near them. Large areas of the richest of these lands, and several
thousand acres of the higher lands, pine, hammock, etc., being now
entirely ready for cultivation, are offered by the Delta Canal Com-
pany to actual settlers, at very low prices, really less than the cost
of clearing timbered lands in the older and more northern states,
the whoje cost of these lands per acre being no more than the yearly
cost of fertilizers for the average sandy lands of Florida' per acre,
without which they produce very little. Here there are no rocks,
nor stumps in the way, no chopping, burning nor grubbing to do by
the farmer, in proof of which, the company will plough the new land
thoroughly for $5 per acre, and furnish the use at small cost
of such heavy implements, as mowers, harvesters, drills, etc.,
for those who wish it. Here there are no long cold winters to strug-
gle through, consuming and using up what has been produced
before, to keep the family comfortable and the stock alive. It is
true the great freeze of February, '9q, destroyed much of the orange
interest in Florida, and no attempt is made here to conceal it, but
it was the only freeze of the kind in sixty rears, and lasted but two
days; and the larger and older trees are already recovering rapidly
from it, and none of the important crops which this muck land pro-
duces were, or can be destroyed by such freezes, as anyone who
knows the facts will tell you.
Here children can play out-doors all -winter, and stock, cattle,
sheep and hogs, do actually live out all winter on these lands unpro-
tected and come in in fair order in the spring, but of course with
some shelter, and some feed would be in better condition.
The importance and advantage to real working farmers of being
able to have some crops growMag in this land, nearly all the year
round, instead of only about five or six months out of the twelve;
the constant production of something for the family and stock to
eat, or of something to sell, instead of waiting helplessly through six
or seven months of winter, while the family and farm stock are eat-
ing up a large part of the crops produced in the shot growing season
in the North, and the chances for farmers, if they wish to do outside
work on other farms and so earn wages for themselves and their



stock; where the ground is never frozen in winter (as it is called
here), and where the weather always offers a chance to work, except
on some very rainy days.
The cheapness of wood and the saving of the time and cost of
providing fuel enough for Northern winters, the saving in cost of
clothing also, and greatest of all these the saving of health, strength
and doctors' bills in this mild climate, escaping the cold and storms
of real winter, cannot be too strongly spoken of, nor too carefully
considered by the fathers and mothers who are working for their
children, and who naturally wish after their own hard work is done,
to live long enough to see their children prosperous and happy
around them, with the chances of their children being healthy and
free from the effects of exposure to cold and stormy weather in the
All these things, which enter so much into the daily life of a
family cannot be over valued, nor their value measured in dollars
and cents, and speaking reasonably, these great advantages ca be
secured here, by those who live properly. These lands have a
great advantage over many other muck-lands in Florida, ii not
being away in the wild South country, claimed and really controlled
by the cowboy and cattle interest, whose settlers or squatters are
opposed to having the land fenced in and farmed by a settled,
orderly people; but who wish to keep the whole country ope as a
free pasturage for their poor cattle to roam over at will, the owners
paying no taxes nor any rent for the privilege, and being often
opposed to new settlers on that account.
These lands are not like many others, situated miles away from
any railroad by which to ship their products, where farmers would
find bad and deep sandy roads to haul through, wasting their time
and profits. But they are really wrapped around by the four rail-
roads herein named, and possessing easy and cheap water transpor-
tation to still another railroad, "The Jacksonville, Tampa & Key
West," beside those.
A Settled Many valuable orange groves are situated on the
Popucultivated highlands around and near them, with
Population a settled population (in most cases their owners),
living upon them and therefore interested in the peace and order of
this general locality, and the security of their families and their
property, a civilized, orderly people, with established schools,



churches, etc. These lands can also have the advantages of fre-
quent railway trains and of telegraph and telephone communication,
as telegraph lines are now in use along the railroad lines, furnishing
communication with all parts of our country, and also by Ocean cable
with all parts of Europe.
Cattle To some of those who may read this, pasturing,
breeding or raising cattle, sheep and hogs may be
Raising. familiar or attractive, and to all such it may be
confidently stated, here is an open field for profitable enterprise,
promising large returns on the capital invested. Fairly good
country stock, cattle, cows and calves, young and grow-
ing, can be bought for $6 per head in quantity, acclimated and
accustomed to the rough, wild grasses of this country, and pastured,
herded and sold for cash in quantities, for an average yearly profit
of 25 per cent with their increase, while the careful introduction of
suitable bully, superior to those found here, will greatly improve the
stock and add to the profit upon it. Cattle here are very healthy,
being almost, if not entirely free from any diseases they are subject
to in Western and Northern states, owing probably to the mildness
of climate and freedom from cold storms, which enables the breeders
to raise almost every calf that is dropped, even without extra care of
any kind. So, also, with sheep, which are far mo re prolific, produc-
ing more lambs than they do north, and excellent quality of mutton,
with a good light fleece. It has now been proved that feeding
ensilage of corn, pea vines, etc., to growing cattle iis a great economy
in winter, and a guaranty of success, and if there! is any country in
the world where good ensilage can be produced cheaper than all
others, this is probably that one-from the enormous growth of all
ensilage crops here, and the low cost of lumber for building silos and
wood for fuel to make steam for cutting and storing the ensilage.
Farmers buying these lands, can have the privilege of pasturing
a reasonable number of cattle or sheep outside their fences for two
years at least, without charge, which might be a desirable privilege
to new settlers. They can also have the right, for at least one or
two years of cutting and curing wild millet, which gows luxuriantly
there, for hay.
It has also been found that there is an abundance of fish in the
canal, as well as on the lake fronts, which can be cmght in seines in
such quantities as to furnish a supply to those living on the land,
almost without cost, thus making a desirable change of food from
the meats of the country. Poultry also does well here.



Terms and These lands will be sold or leased to practical
working farmers in moderate quantities, say from
Conditions. ten to one hundred acres at low prices for this
year, and to such men who can give satisfactory references or
security for the fulfillment of such leases as may be agreed upon and
can come with their own working stock, or money enough to buy it,
and their ordinary farming utensils. The land will be fenced in and
suitable buildings put up, on very easy terms, say about one-third
cash, one-third sound corn, grown upon the land, if preferred by the
purchaser, the first year at 65 cents per bushel, shelled and sacked.
and one-third may remain for a reasonable time at interest on usual
terms, or for full payment in cash a reduced price will be accepted.
The drainage system of these lands has stood a test of two years'
storms, some very heavy ones, with complete success, as can be seen
by examination, and two years' cultivation has proved that the lands
are wonderfully productive in all leading crops, without fertilizers,
thus saving their cost.
Florida has a over the Northwestern and Southwestern
states in its freedom from those awfully
Oreat Advantage destructive cyclones, blizzards and hot
winds, from which several of its sister states referred to suffer so
much and so often. Such fearful destruction of life, property, crops
and stock as have so often in a few minutes brought death to dear
ones and destruction of all means of living, to industrious families,
struggling hard to secure the necessaries of life are unknown.
Nor was it ever ravaged by locusts, gophers, or prairie-dogs, or the
jack rabbit, nor do we know or ever hear of hoof and mouth dis-
ease, pleuro-pneumonia, nor hog cholera, as contagious diseases,
doing any harm here. Fathers and mothers, farmers and stockmen,
these things are worth thinking of, often and carefully. And for
their truth and accuracy you are referred to L. B. Wombwell,
Commissioner of the State Board of Agriculture, at Tallahassee, the
capital of this State, whose high official position, honorable character
and opportunities for knowing all these facts, put their statement
beyond all question or suspicion. The lands are for sale at low
prices and on easy terms and examination or correspondence is
solicited by the Delta Canal Company. Please address all communi-
cations to LaMURL H. DAVIS, President,
P. O. Box 75, Orlando, Orange Co., Florida.



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