Material Information

Florida its educational status, together with some of its attractions and advantages, climate, productions, industries, etc. : the phenomenal progress of a comparatively new state
Cover title:
Florida, the American Italy
Kern, F. L
Florida State Teachers Association
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Times-Union Job Office Print
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
32 p. : ill., ports. ; 23 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Education -- Florida ( lcsh )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


Statement of Responsibility:
issued under the auspices of the State Teachers' Association ; F.L. Kern, compiler.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
024309742 ( ALEPH )
03624816 ( OCLC )
AJE5522 ( NOTIS )
e 15002894 ( LCCN )

Full Text






The Pamemnl Prncm of a COamaltely lew State.


Parasium YOCUM,
SrcarAtAr, W. B. GIFFIN,

VIci-Puta., J. M. 8TEWART,
Tauzs., LENA B. MATHE8,

EXICUfTV comNamiT:
J. M. 8'TRATOR, Ocala; GEORGE C. LOONEY, Gainesville;
J. J. PATTERSON, Pesaoola.

Lak City, Columbia County, Fla.



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'*Tihe ts a isd, of ev ery i e prde
Beloved by heas o'er sn the world,
Where bfhtsr "UM dip u ner light,
And ild om iht;
at ri yo lovG i yout

Views not a realm obonWul and fai ,
Nor breathle the IOWat 0a iuser sir.
Where is this spot ae eh sualps a elyJ t-
This dearer, sweeter qit than the rita o"
Upon thy map io one Fair Ioilda Sivea
T "nd of Flower whee Hom r I almost Heaven.

SEYOND the smple truth that Florida is peninsula the
shape of a boot, in the southeastern part f the United
States, and ooatains *St. Augustine, the oldMet city in the
Union," comparatively little is known .by the people of the
North and Northwes of ehi Sta.te wIb its unequaled
climate for permanent and health hfureidenOoe; jte phenome-
nal educational growth and present excellent school advan-
tges Ijt generous, intelligent and pwrog+euive people; the un-
limited range of fruit an od o zprod t; largest and richest
pboephate t in the world; ,timbers, transportation
ties, manutcturing, fisheries, et., with the grandest
hote, and resortml other continent and boundlee sporting
opportni ties.
To set forth some of these ad~b at es for the knowledge
ard beet of our fellow teachers id eir friends who ,ma
not" blessed with the ame mensol ~ health, oomfort,happi-
mne ad prolpeifty, is th objetS of hib pam Net. As a
ihtutee that. te facts dad data given areI~ e lwe have
l to that nob i ednom etee4 in t b.IInpIm. im
FW, 45t~dwedr seated with a _y ..enterpre,
a MeMifg ldO gie grves, php ate nesor tokr-
O We are impl te4h. p, a oe ow amAng .
li rene w yath ho i,. the e*)oy-
Sd rl would i nduea

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Osipwa Fraucis P. Fenmix% the present eaiet im nd pop-
ialwr Gti~v of Florida, M a nadve Flerid", inoo Ujy
yum ( 4 After acquiring a podes& etwI~u,
re4i~d rbror~a the War in the f
h"Utt Now& a H braie,. and~ri~nk
th. mt.~d..h~ aof laoo" I,

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Major Albert J. Russell was born in Peteraburg, Va.,
January 16, 1829. He was graduated,from Anderson Semi-
nary, Peteraburg, now extinct Lvi ahool, he began life
as an architect and builder, p-rf in profesion in Phila-
delphi, after which he r"e ed tobarserton, South Carolina,
and pursued his business eght yewa. He removed to Florida
in 1869, partlpated in the isquesuon on secession, and
afterward erred through the wO-sa gallant officer. From
the oicoe of County Superintendent of Duval county, he was
called to the responsible position of State Superintendent in
188, which position he ha since held. Upon assming this
reepona ble offe he immediately et to work in a manner to
leave his impress upon the school :ytem of the State. His
st appearance before the public rft receiving his appoint-
meat wa to make the address at the laying of the .orer-stone
do the State Agriulral College at Lake City. He here be-
Sthe work whieh he has ear sine so vilrously pushed
namely, that of roil g the popular mind to a proper
ap'eil of our eduoatioaf needs. That this is a most
q *work, a that aor ) Bueell has succeeded in do-
Sothan any o e ese In the State could have
be Queeid.
V im w thingsW in connection with Ma
mIe i *bool system have been hi

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public educatioal'addreess and the holding of teacher' inti-
tutex. He Uisa fine oraUt w a qPs well upon any sibjet,
but upon elucationaltopics his eloq oe and force make him
a remarkable speaker, These address at institutes and other
oocasons; have argued the whble State, and men have rallied
to hi support until sohoJ o have been builtt in every
town and hainlet, ad the -sam nization and system
perfected. TeaoMps' ins t ad Olpventions are held in
every community, le soh oo pi es and colleges are to
be found all over th State.
For all this progress, a I p IMusre of credit belongs to
the magnetic power of tWbl' a~n 4, domitable energy and
skill in this great work,

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While the progress of Florida has been remarkable in
all lines of activities, in nothing baas he excelled the advance-
ment pade in school Ifailities and methods. Older and
wealthier'States may have better building and equipment,
with longer terms than we have in some localities, but the
enterprise and generosity displayed by our people in this
work, will soon ple them with the very best, while to-day
there are offre d advantages in nearly all branches of higher
education, equal to any State and fy as cheap.
So when the immigrant comes, he be the head of a
family, leaving a home because of the climate, or in quest of
health.for some stricken member of his family, one great care
is lifted from his stout heart as he sees his children start off
to school Thus encouraged, he bends his manly powers to
the task of making a new home in a land of strangers, but a
land with the same privileges, religiously, politically and edu-
cationally, with a glorious litmate and extended opportuni-
ties added for toil in sowing ind reaping.
From the annual report of the State Superintendent, we
learn that the public school system iq supported as follows:
By a common school fund, this being the interest acruing
from the invested proceeds from the sale of the public school
lands, the amount now invested being $666,88426, which
sum is in various State bonds, chiefly of the State of Florida.
These bonds pay 6 and 7 per cent. interest, amounting to (87,-
000 annually. Another means of support is by the constitu-
tional tax of one mill upon the ssesed value of the real and
personal property of the State, amounting to about $90,000
annually. These sums are apportioned to the various coun-
dte, moon as in the hands of the State Treasurer, upon the
be of the school population in each county, vis: The num-
beid d troths between the ages of 6 and 21 years, the school
O*BsW i g taken every four year. A county tax is pro-
ided 6for in the oonsattion, to be levied and collected by
eh eoptlfy, not to be less tha three nor more than five
iuls, to b applied to the oshools in their respective ooun-

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ts. In addition to these, all fines imposed by the courts,
Sall poll-ta paid in each county, we to be paid over di-
reldy to the County Tmsnrer, who i. ex-ofio school treas-
urer, for the use mad bedet of t e dmbsol of the ouno y in
which they are tame d a eted. Thaised aregated,
while nat up a e4h il. i 0 0mafaiir asple in
most counties to enias er et. excellent system of schools inaugurated.
STATISrTS Ton 1889.
From the annual reports of County Superintendents re-
ceived, and an estimate upon a few not yet in, the following
summary is taken:
The whole number of schools operated in 1888-80........... 2,880
The whole number of white schools ...................... 1,8
The whole number of negro school ........................ 8
Total number of youth orhool aue as per oenaus 188.....118,7
Total number of white youth of school age s per census 1888 00,782
Total number of negro youth of school age as per census 1888 8M866
Total enrollment of youth on registers...................... 86,008
Total enrollment of white youth.......................... 5,000
Total enrollment of negro youth.......................... 82,008
Average dally attendae.................................. 68,65
Whole number of teachers employed.................... 2,50 ,
Whole number of white teachers employed ................. 1,84
Total number of negro teacher employed ................. 746
These staistict show that there is a daily average attend-
anoe of the total enrollment of 72 per oent. of the youth upon
the schools, and 75 per cent. enrolled upon the registers of the
school age population ;,and yet this per cent. of attendance
would be considerably increased if the youth attendmig the
various State and district institutions and private Mebools
could be included in the calculation for the common .l.hools,
as they are, in fact, in the census.
The institutions of a speoal character, and for the hher
education, are the Institute for the Blind, Deaf and lMte,
at St. Auguatine; the Florida Agricultural asd Mechanioal
College, at Lake Oit; the Seminary for the State of the
Suwannee river, at Ganesvlle, and the SmUinar fr L Sta
west of the same river, looted at thPli
the State Normal College for tn l tsa_
Funlak prings, and a p sed mi olleg for
ing of negro teabern at TOlaa ....

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This college stands at the head of the educationaiinti-
tutions of the State, and is in a very nourishing condition It
was established only mix years ago, but has nowa large attend-
ance of bright, obedient and ambitious yonng men, who rep-
resent almost every section of the Union.

The College is so well equipped with fine buildings, appa-
ratus and teaching force, that the students may receive a thor-
ugh and practical preparation for the responsible duties of
oiety and business, at the leat possible expense onsist-
eat with comfort and hbelth.; od board at the barracks
does -ot eoeeed $8 a monat. h, t are charged only half
fame Mna l Florida railroads.
T1e acts of Congress and of the Legislature of Florida
rtwimh thtiitary soienoe and tactics hall oonstitate apart
of the %Waorhau4n, and this department is placed under the

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management of an experienced offer, of the X uar army.
The students are uniformed, armed and brgoanl.erno a bat-
talion of cadets for military instruction and discipline, and
the spirit, seal and energy displayed.,aaply pove that the
military featue is as popular as it is conducie o a sound
physielt abd amntal developmeWnt,
IA;nlk the seast of tAhe oei, a town o about two
t loan&d inhabtants, and the oountyssiai t colmba uoonty,
is situated at the jctio o the Fi u C asd Penin-
sular; Savanash, Fl o .i Wester, and Ge0l Souathern
and Florida railroadftay-.aie miles west of Jade ville.
It was selected by the BauI of Tr .w amg other ua-
nons, on account of its well-know' heNltfle and soessi-
bl6ity. Malarial fevers and epideniea are ankaow to the
town, and the rate of mortality has for years been not over
one-half of one per cent.
A course in agriculture is now in prgres, and imtruo-
ti.on is given by means of leture, exp nations in the field,
oad the use of text-books when available for the purpose.
Practical illustrations are furnished throughout the term,
aad each student has the opportunity not only of witnessing the
various operations in farm, garden and orchard, bat of taking
a land himself, and thereby become faunar with the use of
implements, and learn the tree value of well-direoted labor.
The Florida Experiment Station is conducted on the col-
lge farm of over one hundred aeres of fertile land. Under
th, directorship of Rev. James P. DePass this station is be-
co- ing a success. The laboatory buildg and station ead. '
quarters is a fine three-story i wel adapted aad fur-
mished for this work. The mammltranhgp deart is
uider the charge of a skilled prossor in th1 sImpwTam line
of the new education, and is condeuted in a aspag e blldiag
furishhed with full equipment of tools, engine, eo. About
1iIf of the students take this oourse.
The college printing omoe is fully equipped with two
goal presses, a large cutting machine and a full line of plain
and ornamental type, so that any cadet may become a practi-
cal printer in a short time without any expense.
The library consists of about 2,000 volumes o ooboice
books of reference, scientific manuals, iographies, histories,
eaciolopedias and governmental works of great value to the
students of such a college.
A large and beautiful room ha eas oe been Atted up
with tables and racks containing file of leading dailies and
weeldies, educational, agricultural el eou sel;ai
aothbes, and many of the l g s ad works

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literature and art. The library and reading room are open
to the cadets during the entire day.
Tuition is free to all- citizens of Florida; of all other stu-
dents a tuition fee of $20 per session will be required, paya-
ble one-half on October 1st or upon entrance, and one-half
Son Murh c tth, 1891.
The total cost to each student for a session of thirty-six
weeks, including two .u ormnns, should not exceed one hun-
dred and twenty (lt02Q)oU t*
S$10,800 apprai n having beet made by the recent
Leridete, a haulsog end commodious brick barracks
builddg, fully equipe for rooming and boarding cadets, has
just been coapleteq
The ussion is ts e months, beginning October 1 t.
The rPlaids arioultral College Oadet Herald is a six-
teen-p~e monthly pubshed by the edats. The Cadet Cor-
net BA of fojijn pieces is a pleasmt feature of the school.
Therm e arie ilred of young men in the North whose
health does. not umh them to attend school during the cold
of winter, or dlqgremele and dangerous weather of fall and
spring, who numit purse their studies here to good advan-
tage while recovering permanent health under the beneficent
inlueece of this dl4ghfal- balmy atmosphere and genial sum-
mer sunshine which i constant from the beginning to the
close of the year.
Besides a full agricultural -and mechanical course, there
is a fall collegiate. course of four years in the classics, modern
Iagages, Englis literature, mathematis and science. The
former course ads to the degree of Bachelor of Science, and
the latter to the degree of BachelorlofArts. There is also a
sub-colegiate department, where those unfit to enter the reg-
ular collegiate courses may have a thorough and special train-
ing in the common branches. Applicants must not be younger
than 14 years to enter the preparatory department. The fac-
ulty consists of a full corps of competent professors, each one
especially adapted and qualified for his department of work.
We shall be pleased to furnish a complete catalogue to any
F. L Kass, .

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The State Normal College for white students was author-
ised by the constitution of 1886, and located and provided for
by an act of the Legisature in May, 1887.
The first schoastic year began in October following, so
that the institution has just closed its third year's work.
Prof. I. N. Felkel was elected Piident at the organi-
zation of the school, and his management has been signally
successful. The College has increased in attendance' from fif-
teen students at the beginning to an enrollment of ninety for
the year just closed.
The soholatie year begins the first Monday in October
of each year, and ends the second Wednesday in June. The
course of study in the Normal Department covers a period of
two yeas.
Students of both sexe' are admitted free of charge if
residents of the State. Students from abroad are required to
pay a fee of five dollars per quarter of twelve weeks. The
age of admission is 16 years. A preparatory course of one
year is provided for those not sufficiently advanced to take
up the Normal work.
DeFuniak Springs is situated on the Pensaeola and At-
lantic Railroad, abott midway between the Chattahoochee
river and Pensaeola. Close connections are made at River
Junction with trains from the south and east. The place may
be reached in less than forty-eight hours from any railroad
station in the State.
DeFuniak Springs is the home of the Florida Chautau-
qua, the annual asseNbly of which ranks in dignity, length of
session and range of work next to the orinal.Chatauqu of
New York. The advatages given to the students of the
Normal College i attending the platerm leotres and special
classes ame suh few prsen are permitted to have in a life
time. The lectures on literature, art, science, political econ-
omy and other topics by the foremost mind in the country,
have a tendency to give that breadth and liberality of view that
the teacher so much needs. This feature is esteemed one of
the best connected with the location of the oshool.
The town has the reputation of being one of the most
healihfl in the State.

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t'he course of study includes a thorough understanding
of the elementary branches, with a view of teaching the same,
together with the following advanced branches: Physial
Geography, Physics, Chemistry, Algebra, Geometry, Trigo-
nometry, Surveying, Navigation, Astronomy, Latin and Psy-
chology. I
I Latin the work is limited to a study of the grammar
and the reading of four books of Omear.
A commodious dormitory has been provided for students
of both sexes, and the expenses of board do not exceed two
dollars and fifty cents per week.
The Normal College is supplied with physical and chem-
ical apparatus, so that the teaching of the sciences is made
most natural and interesting. It has not been the purpose of
the management to have this equipment elaborate and expen-
sive, for the reason that it is deemed more important to have
pupils manipulate and manufacture apparatus than to have it
merely exhibited or explained to them.
An appropriation was made by the Legislature at the see-
sion of 1889, which was applied at once to the construction of'
the building shown in the'out. A most eligible lot, as to ex-
tent and location, was selected, the building commanding a
view, on one side, of the beautiful Big Spring, and on the
other of most charming fields andorohards.
Write for a catalogue to
H. N. FanLKU, President,
DeFuniak Springs, Fla.


(State Military Institte,)
East Florida Seminary is a State school, located at Gaines-
ville, Alachua County, lorida.
Since 1881 the organization has been that of a military
school, with the departmea of Military Sciene and Tactics
in change of an oioor of the United States Army or Navy,
detailed for that duy by the Government. The buildings
and grounds are arranged in saoordance with the require-
ments of this militaryorgaisatios, aad are admirably adapted
to the proposed use
The military system i not C umer adjunct of the school,
but is the prediinat festur' evei part of the daily exer-
oie, from theamorniag "mbrelli" t o the evening "taps,"
being indicated by the reguoliage bugle calls, and being car-
ried out with the promptness ahd precision befitting a sol-
dierly regime. -
diThe ese. of ths system upon the students is most
marked, showf.-itself in erect and manly forms; in graceful
marriage, in p npt and cheerful obedience to lawful authority,
in courteoQu d.ortment, aad most decidedly in the improved
scholarship, resulting from sstematio and well-directed intel-
lectual effort. And all.this is boeomplished without any en-
crosahment upon theHliterary. work of the school, the hours
for drill and ifitary instruction being those that would oth-
erwise be give up to unregulated,, and therefore unbenefi-
cial, recreatio. .
Thelocatio.of the Seminary in Florida makes more per-
fect the advantalges o its org station by rendering possible
the carrying.oUt of o the deta of military drill and instruc-
tion throughout the e.mide yar. The haows spend at North-
era mateary s4i-4eko A. AdsW drlt-rooms are here spent
in OAe open air, *ih t iew -dreowrce supplementing the i
arf of ma.
thst Flo 8mu1n* .0 uee ing such an organization
th th ad a iteffers opportunities for
!bydial and .i h aumallsaottt commend
attioelv o to stt.e to ee their aons, while ac-
ir e tihe mes-time all the bene.
SMree i aoa.d aumnhood.
~t Fr, tie Nrr*Am, seto of our cou y, unabe, on
amount of kfmihei to pulmonary disease, o sudy in the

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ScAhoo-rooms qf the North, have entered East Florida Sei-
wry in an almost innalid condi ton, haMe fouwd themselves
abls to psue their studied in theLA ke, perfectly ventilated
and lAgted seu-dy-haaU without discon o and after fishing
the JO 4 i 9A Aminary, have returned to their
S .in4pa es aevoytment .f robust health.
East Florida irty is a scHoor, not a
S :dn o it ouare sfatudy is to prepare
boys f ForMniWman o universityy odasses or
for 00r0 ie aM.OiMP utieg of life. Ad4 it is
a M o ttq a authorities of the sohor4o be
,9t i.j u n g es 4the o ,n these aims has been most
ar'. t ijitita have entered instintions of
itt aned e* kkiaqi themselves in a manner
that dfbtly rafjk le 'of rparation, but the
lgef ma ei. sa$.dente bay a from the doors of
the bahna.y bt of tfe, ad have everywhere won
for a dves mor a. usefulnes
ll oat dei of the school, the ourriun-
lap b de opy tiland no time is
Sk inta t is required of all the stn-
d promotltoc o hgh er olamses are based upon
er sboool Iad an opportunity of bringing
bea paboae Uit iterar -ars, its sucCess has been most
PWOf ire Loe. (4;) At the request of
the t 8 'ai1it of the academic work
'ais fior obi j IClpouition at New Orleans.
Of t~hbdi t t^ Sqte nS denet wrote as follows:
"I r a from e a y admiration of the ex-
o fa Seminary. I have
it Northern and .Western
os o, 4 without exception, pro-
ible Ustae was not ill-judged, is shown
9y1h ltt folv at New Orleans, the
rtjaent for or a soools, and the diploma
of in our poesrIon.
() At threquest othe managerofho United States
exhibl in the edsratiepal department of the Paris Exposition,
work this ~Seinary was sent to Paris. A com-
from the UAnited States Commi sioter General
Sfemtuinary that the exhibit at Paris has been
diploma of honorable mention."
i rs catalogne, COL. E. P. CATEr, Supt.

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(Popularly known as West Florida Seminary,)
This was the first institution for higher education estab-
lished by the State. It was chartered in 1851 and organized
in 1857, and has been in operation ever since, except during
a few months of the session of 1868 and '64. Its charter is a
liberal one, allowing the greatest expansion possible, and the
conferring of the highest academic degrees. The institution
was liberally patronized before and during the civil war, and
afforded the best educational advantages to be had in the
State. After the war, owing to the poverty of the people, its
income was too small to enable its teachers to maintain in.
struction in all the higher collegiate departments, but good
academic work was done for more than twenty years, and
many youths of both sexes were prepared for the higher
classes of the colleges and universities of the States, and for
business. In 1886, the Institution was made the residuary
legatee of Prof. James D. Wescott, by which something like
$80,000 was added to its endowment. This bequest enabled
the Board to take a step forward in its development. In the
fall of 1887, they called to its presidency, Geo. M. Edgar,
LLD, and entrusted him with the reorganization of the insti-
tution, Dr. Edgar formulated a six years' course, embracing
two high school and four collegiate classes, which advanced
the standard of graduation two years. A preparatory class
has since been added.
The work of the institution in the past three years has
been characterized by thoroughness and a firm adherence to
the standard adopted. As a consequence, though its patron-
age has not been large, it has speedily gained the confidence
of the people, and promises to develop into an institution of
great usfulnes.
The last legislature voted it an appropriation of $15,000
for buildings and appliances, and a handsome new building
will soon be completed, which will afford ample halls, lecture
room, and laboratories, and be supplied with all needful ap-
pliaoes for fstmuction and investigation. The Westcott Me-
moalal Hall will be erected within the next twelve months,
for use s a chapel, commencement hall and library. A dor-
aitory for male students will also be erected at an early day.
With these additions to its income, buildings and appliances,
it s believed that the institution will grow rapidly in efficiency


and patronage. Being open to females, as well a males, it
is fully prepared for training youth for the responsibilities of
home life and citizenship, and its trustees and faculty are
earnestly working to accomplish the best possible results,
with the means at their command.
Its location is excellent. Tallahassee is situated in the
beautiful hill country of Florida, whose climate is unsurpassed,
and is noted for the intelligence, refinement and hospitality of
its people. Parents could desire no better surroundings for
their children, and may send them to this school with confi-
dence that the training they will receive, and the moral and
social atmosphere they will breathe, will be conducive to their
symmetrical development in mind and heart..
Tuition is free to Florida students, and the rates charged
non-residents are moderate.
Parents in the Northern States who desire to spend the
winter months where they may have the benefit of a first-class
collegiate school for their children, and at the same time en-
joy a genial semi-tropical climate, cannot select a more suit-
able place than the Capitol City o( Florida.
Address, for catalogue, Col. GzozGz M. EDGAR,

(For Colored Teachers,)
It is the settled policy of the people of Florida that the
colored people shall be educated, hence school advantages
have been provided for all, and since none but competent col-
ored teachers are to be employed to teach the colored schools,
a normal school was orgnuied two years ago under the man-
agement of President T.DeS. Tucker.
On account of the insufficient acquirements of many of
the applicants it has been found necessary to do much academic
work, and to supply that deficiency the course of studyy has
been divided into preparatory and normal work.
In the normal oourne, the work cover as fully as the time
allowed (two years) will permit, Latin, higher matbematics,
natural, mental ad moral pioophy, physmlog, astronoan,
general history, rhetoric, pedagogis, etc.
The preparatory depamtm-t give.e 0eleets of alge-
bra andL in, and a thoro evi.w a aool

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From a beginning with fifteen students the number his
steadily increased until at present the total number of matricu-
lates exceeds ninety.
In the State there are 187 of these, ranking in all grades
from the primary school to the university, chartered. These
are chiefly under the auspices of the various religious denomi-
nations-the Methodists of both the northern and southern
branches of that church, the Congregational, the Baptist, the
Catholic, Episcopalian and the Christian.
The most noted of these are the Methodist Conference Col-
lege and High School of the Southern Church, located at Lees-
burg, Rev. T. W. Moore, D. D,president; the Methodist College
at Orange City of the northern branch of that church; the John
Stetson University at DeLand, Volusia county, under the ad-
spices of the Baptist church, President Forbes, M. A.; and
Rollins College, situated in Orange county, in beautiful Winter
Park, with ample and beautiful buildings. This institution
has been liberally aided by several men of wealth, religious
spirit and philanthropic hearts, and is destined to do a great
work in Florida. The president is E. P. Hooker.
The many other minor schools under religious auspices
are excellent schools, and are doing a great work for the
church and the State, so that when the overcoming population
arriving in pur State prefers the churohly, religious type of
education for their children, we are ready to give it.
In addition to these, there are several schools of higher
education for the negro, organized and, operated by the be-
quests of pious and charitable persouis at the North, and the
church missionary societies, such as the Cookman Institute, at
Jacksonville (Methodist), the institute at Live Oak (Baptist),
and several others, each of which is striving to do good work
in the general effort to banish ignorance and its attendant
curses and evils from the borders of our fair State.
Our present plan is to organize and operate one high
school in each county in- the State, and if needed, as the
county shall grow populous and wealthy, more, to be located
at the county site; this is provided for in the law, or some
more eligible, central place where health and surroundings
are desirable. These high schools, while serving the locality or
district in which they are located, as the common graded
school of the district, are to be open to any and every youth

SakS^a *lt ,'.*'

who may advance to the grade necessary upon entering the
high school course in their own local school, free of any charge
whatever except for books and school necessities. These
high schools are destined to fit the pupil for business life, or
prepare them for entrance into the colleges of the State or
elsewhere, and it is expected that the people living near these
schools will arrange for boarding these pupils from other parts
of their counties at as low a rate as possible.
These schools have been already opened and successfully
operated in several of the more progressive counties and are
the admiration of the people, and are doing an excellent work;
doubtless, it will not be long before every county in the State
will enjoy the privilege of one or more of these valuable fea-
tures of the school system of Florida.
In our cities and larger towns, splendid graded and high
schools are sustained, many of which take rank with those of
older and more populous States. Jacksonville, the metropolis,
maintains a high school of superior rank and reputation. The
course of study is complete and almost collegiate, covering the
classics, English, science, mathematics, etc. The principal,
Professor Frederick Pasco, for many years president of the
State Teachers' Association, than whom there is not a finer
gentleman or more cultured educator in the South. He is
ably assisted by three noted teachers in the persons of Mrs.
H. K. Ingram, Prof. G. P. Glenn and Prof. M. C. Allen.
The Pensacola schools are in fine condition, under the
wise management of Superintendent Jno. P. Patterson. ,
Prof. J. M. Streator has built a magnificent school in the
beautiful and growing city of Ocala. Orlando, the city of
phenomenal growth, has a good union school under Professor
Tampa, the noted city on the Gulf, has superior schools,
built up during the past few years by one of our leading edu-
cators, Prof. B. C. Graham, and not less famous among our
leading teachers is his preceptress, Mrs. Lena B. Mathes.
The pretty town of Bartow, in Polk county, is growing famous
through her Summerlin Institute, a thorough, and practical
institution under the charge of Dr. W. F. Yocum, the worthy
president of our State Teachers' Association. There are
.many other towns with excellent public schools, but limited
space will not admit of mentioning all.



REZULATIOW 1.-QUALIIcATIONS.-Persons, to be eligi-
ble to appointment to offices in this department, must be well
endorsed as possessing, substantially, the following qualifica-
tions :
"They are personally known to us as citizens of good
moral character, upright, responsible, possessing a fair educa-
tion, and desirous of extending the benefits of free public in-
struction to all classes of youth. Ad officers, they will be
found competent, impartial and faithful in the performance
of their duties. For these reasons we commend them for ap-
REZGLATIO 2.-School Supervisors will be governed,
in the general management of their affairs, under the direc-
tions of the Board of Public Instruction of the county.
REGULATION 8.-Although a Board of Public Instruc-
tion may examine teachers and grant certificates, at any time,
or authorize the County Superintendent to do so, which may
continue in force in the county for one year from date, yet it
may be found desirable to fix upon certain days and places at
which this particular duty will be attended to. Certificates
may be issued to expire within the year, to correspond with
the times of holding the meetings. By such an arrangement
both thq board and teachers would be accommodated.
Ample notice should be given of all such meetings by the
County Superintendents, so that every teacher, or person de-
sirous ot teaching, may have the opportunity of preparing for
the examination.
CLASs will be granted by the State Superintendent of Public
Instruction to eminently successful teachers of the second
class who, on examination, answer 85 per cent. of the ques-
tions submitted in the branches usually taught in high schools.
Graduates of normal schools may receive first class cer-
tifiates wthhout examination, who hold diplomas from col-

leges of undoubted reputation, and other colleges in which
pedagoies are taught. No exception will be made to this
regulation, except the State Superintendent shall have strong
and satisfactory reasons for the same.
RxGeLATroI 5.-Third and second class eartifcates
will be issued by the County Board of Public Instraotion,
based upon the following:
Any person to be considered a teacher in the meaning of
the school law, or entitle to compensation for services or any
of the privileges and immunities of a teacher, must, at the
time of performing the services or claiming the immunities,
hold a teacher's certificate unimpaired by suspension, revoca-
tion or limitation."
ELIGIBLITY.-A candidate for teaching, to be eigible to
an ezaminaion, must produce satisfactory evidence of being
of strictly temperate habits, and maintaining a good moral
1. To be able to read intelligently from any school
reader in common use, and properly teach the same.
2. To spell correctly the words 4f any ordinary sen-
3. To be able to write well and teach the same.
4. To solve readily the questions involving the rules of
arithmetic, to square root, and to explain the principles on
which their solution depend.
5. To have a general knowledge of geography; as the
location and boundaries of continents; the relative position
of the principal countries, oceans, seas and rivers; the bolnd-
aries and capitals of the United States and of several States
and Territories, and the counties and rivers of Florlda.
6. To have a general knowledge of the history of the
United States and of the State of Florida.
7. To have a good practial knowledge of school organ-
ization, classifction, management and discipline, and of the
arts of interesting youth and imparutng distraction.
Rukl.-No certficate will bi issued to appieants who,
on examination, fail to answer 76 per cent. of the questions
submitted in the above branches for a third class aertiat.e
The following for a second class certifiete:
Szooi v CLAna-Ih addition to thefrog g qualifta-
tions a candidate for a second class certiiste must, on ex-
aminatioan be able-
1. To read wih eae ad aur

I. 4. : '*


4. To solve readily the questions in any p oactioal arith-
metic in oammon use.
6. To have a good knowledge of geogrphy.
6. To be familiar with the bglith grammar, so as to ap-
ply its piiples orretly in composig, spelling and pune-
tuating a letter, or a ordinary sentence.
T. To have a good knowlede of the outlines of general
history and especially that of the United States and of
8. To be acquainted with the elements of book-keeping.
9. To understand and be able to explain the principles
which underlie the branches taught.
10. To understand well the proper organization, classifi-
cation, management and discipline of a school, the improved
methods of teaching, and posses good self-control.
No applicant will be awarded a certificate who, on exam-
ination, falls to answer 80 per cent. of the questions proposed
in the above branches.
RoGcLArTowI 6.-The State Board of Education are
deeply impressed with the fact that the large majority of the
children in attendance upon the public school are the chil-
dren of the poorer people, and will fill the large and impor-
tant clauses of farmers, workmen, mechanics and artisans of
the State, and that to impart to them only the knowledge to
be derived from the school books, excellent and necessary as
it is, will but ilHy equip them for the sphere of life to which
in Providence and circumstances they are very sure to be
called, are still more impressed with the necessity of impart-
ing to them some knowledge (to the boys especially) of the
useful and necessary tools and implements used in the arts
and trde, ad to the girls some training in sewing, cookery
and hbusewifery in ge*iral, by simple illustrative lectures or
talks upon their us, and the general principles involved, so
that a taste may be cultivated for these very useful and im-
portant vocations in life, and some knowledge imparted of
them, bat mainly to presss thn with a true and proper
oooetion of the honor and dignity ofonest labor. County
Superintendents and Boards of P l' Instruetion are ur-
gently add s 'I!ly called upon td ive their earnest atten-
tin to this very impotaAt itreof the school work and
Ib usntavro 7.-The evil of tntperance abroad in the
land demand the attention of all t men ad women every-
whee, that he tide tay be and the great social
evil art6; therefore the State Bod of Edu4ason call upon
I V I I ( I I ,'


all County Superintendents and County Boards of Publie In-
struction to see that the pupil are, from time tim as the.
regular work and duties of the school will permit, impressed
with the evils Sowing from the use a intoxioant sa d niait-
ics, morally, physically, socially and flancialy, so that whole-
some conception of the evil and ruin wrought b them may
be had by every pupil.
ROevULTIOs 8.-As the .piit of the school lair clearly
intends to prevent entanglement at all possible by coitract-
ing or bargaining among membe of tis County Beards of
Public Instruction: therefore the Stae Brd of Mdam- im
would most earnestly admonish all-a rebmrf thm Brds.
to entirely refrain from the empIoymeot of ~wm in m any
manner who are nearly allied to them by the ties 6 relation-.
ship, specially of a close nature, an4 'would especially suggest
to those who, in the past, have bebn thus situated, to free
themselves at once of the entanglenient, and that in the future
no one will be recommended for appointment in any relation
in the school work who contemplates such employment.
A very considerable part of the dissatisfaction which
does exist in some school neighborhoods is created by this
condition of affairs, and the general cause of education m the
State must be relieved of it.
REGULATION 9.-All teachers should, of their own pur-
pose, seek from time to time to advance the class of their cer-
tifioates by diligent and persistent study and the constant
reading efthe best journals of school work, and books treat-
ing methods, discipline and government of the school, and so
pass from the lowest to the highest grade of certifioate, and
carry with it the increased capacity for the true work of the
County Superintendents, discovering a disposition on the
part of certain teachers to remain content with any certificate
they my be fortunate enough to obtain, exhibiting no desire
to rise higher, or to become better qualified for their impor-
tant work, should at once report the ame to the Board of
Public Instruction, and recommend their removal from the
corps of teachers in the county.
RxaoLA.Tio 10.-All applicants for first class oetifi-
cates must apply through County Superintendents, under
whom they are employed, and have the endorsement of both
the Superintendent and Chairman of the County Board of
Public Instrustieo in every case.
The authority for main these Regulations will be found
in the School UJw Phmpbhet, pages 7 and 8, sectio 18,
qlasu s,*6th pD th.

-, i i :* '/ ))*


Florida is rapidly filling up with capitalists and pushing
people from every section of the North, attracted by the mul-
tifold advantages offered by the State. Some communities
are composed entirely of Northern people. The native Flor-
idians are a steady, pious, intelligent and prosperous people,
of unbounded generosity and hospitality. They welcome the
new-comer, and when found worthy, without regard to creed,
politics or other peculiarity, give him first place in society and
business opportunities.
"Here everlasting spring abides,
And never-failing flowers."
The writer has spent three years in Florida, has thor-
oughly tested its winters and summers, has traveled the State
in every direction, and can confidently say that the climate
is perfect for health and comfort during the entire year. Not
only has he been entirely cured of chronic catarrh,'but he
knows very many who have recovered from that loathsome
and dangerous disease, and also from throat and lung disease,
where they came in time and remained permanently. What
is nearer paradise than a climate which enables you to pick
roses and other beautiful flowers from the gardens every
month of the year, and exercise in the open -air every day,
without fear of taking cold ?
"4 The best-loved west wind comes from the gulf through
the resinous pines, bearing healing on its wings, while the
balmy breezes from old Atlantic are a daily visitor to cool
the otherwise heated air. A disagreeable or gloomy day is a
very rare exception.
Copious showers which ever come to bless, purify the air
and wash away all germs of disease, aided by a porous, sandy
Including all deaths from yellow fever, which once in ten
or fifteen years may find its way into some seaport town when
imported from some tropical country, and all deaths of con-
sumptives and others from the Noth, who come almost inva-
riably when too late for any earthly power to save, even then
the rate of mortality in Florida is lke than in any other
State in the Union.
Thi climate and soil of the State are peculiarly adapted .
to produce every conceivable crop of fruit, grain, vegetables,

etc., and it has bee a demonstrated during the past few years
that the finest can,, tobacco and long-staple cotton can be
grown here at an iimmense profit. Delioies semi-tropical
fruits are here enpoed which are too perishable to reach
Northern markets. In many places we get strawberries every
month in the year.
The cost of livig, in the matter of food, shelter, clothing
and fuel, is much lenathan in the North.
When Chauno; X. DePew returned to New York from
his Florida trip, hea~id:
Florida, I thiltk, is the place for a young man without
money enough to g into business, and who is disinclined to
enter the crowded profession. If he has a little .money he
cannot do better tlun go South. One acre there is worth
more than two hundred in the North for ordinary farming
purposes. It may tVke eight years to get a suo eful orange
grove under way, imt then a tree costing thirty-five cents
will eventually yieldian income of seventy-five dollars a year."
In addition to hlr immense crops of citrus fruits, Florida
grows more peaches,. sweet and Irish potatoes, cabbages, cel-
ery and other fruits and vegetables to the area cultivated
than any other Stat, because she grows her products the
year round. Quite u number of farmers are also engaged in
the business of raisii; thoroughbred horses and cattle. Since
the census of 1880 ler horses and cattle have increased 40
per cent.; as her population has increased nearly 50 per cent,
er schools 60 per cet. and her newspapers 46 per cent.
The beautiful mnmral springs of Florida are numerous
and noted. These "bounts of youth" are, in some instances,
great rivers which, o-om unknown sources, gush from the
ground clear and col4, charged with magnetic properties and
holding in solution mitoenrd compounded in Nature's labors
tory, which have world wonders in curing rheumatism, dys.
pesia, Bright's diseam tad other renal and hepatic troubles.
The most noted of Alh9e are the DePunLk, in Walton
county; the Newporton ibe St. Marks river; the Hampton,
of Taylor county; theTWhite Sulphur, of Hamilton county;
the Suwannee Springso 8nwwannee county; the Blue Springs,
of Marion county, amdi at Green Cove of Clay county. At
nearly all the noted ..nrig due hotels are run during the
entire year, affording irsnlit the best treatment sad aooom-
At Jokslonville, ,.& *Awtine, Tampa, Oemla aad some
other places way be Ifal palatl boel so of which ed64

~, *
It'll *
4 *

I -s


a million or more to build, and are furnished with the very
finest t a would be obtained in home or foreign markets.
Mesas of transportation by rail or water are irst-class.
Sporting facilities at all times cannot be excelled, espe-
oially in the exciting fun of hunting and fishing. The great
forests abound with bear, deer, panther, wild-cats, alligators,
etc., down to squirrels, rabbits, partridges and such game, and
not too far from settlements to be aooessible. Fresh water
and marine piscatorial sports are boundless and cannot be
Orange culture, inter gardening, the great lumber inter-
eats, the fisheries and numerous other industries have long
been a source of profit to those who have pursued them intel-
ligently, even when the means of transportation were meager,
expensive and slow; but Florida is just now on the eve of a
more substantial boom than was ever experienced by any
State. The fossil remains of extinct animals found in various
parts of the State, have long led the scientie, to suspect that
valuable phosphate would some day be developed, but it re-
mained for some one of energy, talent and enterprise to dis-
cover and work up this immense source of wealth. Less than
a year ago Mr Albertus Vogt, of Dunnellon, Fla., found upon
his land a deposit of rock which he mistrusted was gypsum
(a bed of this rock having been found ner his place), and
taking a sample to his friend, the Hon. John F. Dunn, of
Ocala, that gentleman had it analysed, and to his surprise
found it to be the richest fertilizer ever discovered. This led
to extensive investigation under the patronage of Mr. Dunn,
until it was proved that inexhaustible mines of the rich and
valuable mineral were ready for development, covering an ex-
tensive area about Dunnellon and in other localities. A com-
pany was at once formed and 90 00 acres of phosphate lands
purchased, and now heavy shipments are being made and
other phosphate mines are found. Greater wealth will be
given to the people of Florida through this industry than was
realized to California by its gold, or to Pennsylvania by its
oil and coal.
Charleston phosphate rune from 52 to 66 per cent. phos-
phate, 26 to 26 per cent. phosphoric acid. Florida phosphate
shows 66 to 87 per cent. phosphate and 82 to 42 per cent.
phosphoric aid. Add to this the fact that the deposits found
are prantially inexhaustible and conveniently mined, and it is
not unreasonable to assme that Florida's phosphate field are
the riebest in the world.


SThe people of Florida will never cease to bless the
names of the two noble men, through whose generous enter-
prise and indefatigable labors the wealth and permanent pros-
perity of the State is assured for all time.
Now is the time to invest in phosphate lands, as at no
future time will they be as cheap.

The State of Florida presents to the capitalist and the
laborer, the merchant and the sportsman, the professional man
and the mechanic, the farmer and the artist, the manufacturer
and the hotel-keeper, alike, unequaled opportunities for profit-
able investment, employment, enjoyment and trade.
It lies nearer the equator than any State in the Union;
yet it is cooler in summer than Montana, or Oregon, or Colo-
rado, or California, because of the influence of the sea.
It has the most equable climate in the world.
It is a health resort of thousands.
It has 84,718,600 acres of solid land, and 4,440 square
miles of water.
It has 1,200 miles of sea coast.
It has nineteen large rivers, with a total inland naviga-
tion of more than one thousand miles.
It has 2,000 miles of railway.
It produces a million bushels of oranges per annum.
It produces more than one-half of the Sea Island cotton
crop of the United States.
It raises the finest oranges, pine-apples and coooanuts
that grow anywhere in the world.
It exports annually- immense quantities of early garden
It possesses millions of shares of timber trees.
Its naval stores are exhastiess.
It has extensive herds of cattle and millions of acres of
It is the best country on the globe for raising sugar-cane
and rice.
It produces 200 different varieties of woods-more than
any other State.
Its fisheries are extensive, and their possibilities are with-
out limit.
It exports more than half a million dollars' worth of
sponges per annum.
Itabounds in natural fertilise.
Its mineral springs are fountain, of healing.

* .


Its population has increased 70 per cent. within the last
fourteen years.
It has doubled its assessable property within the last four
It has doubled the number of its common schools and its
common school attendance within the past eight years.
It has doubled its common school fund within the past
Four years.
In conclusion, we do not hesitate to say that there are many
things in Florida so new and different from the daily expe-
riences of the North, that new-comers may see much to excite
comment, and even criticism. There are certain privations
and trials to bear until one gets acclimated and assimilated.
But those who come here in the true spirit of loyalty to their
adopted home and prove faithful and upright, will find clever
neighbors who know how to be polite and hospitable; will
find the most perfect climate in the world, and abundant
means for happiness and prosperity. Let such persons ad-
dress any of the names mentioned m this brief pamphlet for
information, and it will be freely given, together with a royal
welcome to this incomparable land of genial sunshine, singing
birds, fragrant flowers and luscious fruits.

4. *
I. 'i ;



Alachua............. W. N. Sheats......... Gainesville.
Baker................ L Blair.......... MoClenny.
Bradford .... ....... Joseph L. Hill.. ..... Lake Butler.
Brevard ............. John H. Sams........ Courtney.
Calhoun.............. N. A. Hanly........ Blountatown.
Citrus................ A. Harrison....... Locanto.
Clay.. ... .... kin........... E. kin.........reen Cove Springs.
Columbia ........ ... G. Persons........ Fort White.
Dade................ Gale .............Lake Worth.
DeSoto .............. E. Carleton....... Fort Green.
Dural .............. Wm. M. Ledwith...., Jacksonville.
Eacambia ............ N. B. Cook........... Pensacola.
Franklin........... Wn. T. Marler....... Apalachicola.
Gad'aden ............ C. E. L Allison.. .... Quincy.
Hamilton...... ...... Geo. J. Graham...... Jennings.
Hernando........... Dr. J. R. Temple.... Brooksville.
Hillsborough ....... L. W. Buchholz .... Bloomingdale.
Holmes............... Whitill Curry.. .... IIagor
Jackson.............. W M. Farrier.. CaPbellton.
Jefferson.... ........ J. A: Walker;........ IAuclla.
LaFayette.:......... h Jo........ hrh Jo New Troy.
Lake................ John C. Compton..... Tavares.
Lee ............... D. C. Kantz.......... Fort 4yers.
Leon.................N.W. Ep .......... Tallahassee.
Levy................ Shelton Philips ..... iBronson.
LJtierty ...........T. J. Greory..... .. Bristol.
Madison............ L. Williamr. ... .Madison.
Manatee. ........... E. M. Graham........ Braidentown.
Marion............. Marion L. Payne..... Ocala.
Monroe ............. Fernando Figeredo.. IKey West
Nassau............. Ephraim Harrion.... Dyall.
Orange............... John T. Beeks.. ... Orlando.
Osceola ........ ...... J. V. 8 .......... Kissimmee.
Pasco ............... B. M. M .. ..... Dade City.
Polk ................. 8. ... Lakela .
Putnam .............. AIx. .. .... Palaka.
t. Johns... ...... Peter .......St. Augustine.
Santa Ro........... G ..... Milton.
Summer ...... ........ .........Sumtervile.
waunee............ A. W. ........ Welborn.
Taylor........... ..... lJohn IL Kly..... .Spring Warrior.
Vola.............. N. 8. C. Perkims ...... DeLand.
Wakull............. R. B. Forbes.. ....... Crawfordille.
Walton........... .John A. COmpbell.... Ponce de Leon.
Wa.sigton........ L.L Charles .......Ve ernon.