Republican and Democratic rule compared

Material Information

Republican and Democratic rule compared Speech before the Hancock and Bloxham club of Tallahassee, September 6, 1880
Dyke, Charles E
Place of Publication:
Physical Description:
16 p. : ; 23cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Reconstruction ( lcsh )
Political science ( lcsh )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


General Note:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
024478988 ( ALEPH )
01712816 ( OCLC )
AAQ0381 ( NOTIS )

Full Text

<-,i: .+- ,'

[panr D r BQ T TME CL ,

o tien: toan history 'If need inpt enter into the
Your-yeirft owe wire e +in -aW pitreust of that great strale or reew
Rt*Ule i the result of wA h- a the n through Repbh
olTd, events Uave since proved, th ort to om our ie to respect t
e iwelfwrQt theepeleqof our' I l delaring Ihre dtaa e*-
Mtd Statt Bot how, diferent are th Ithro the ballot box All these
itn es by whiA we eBo Bbr. o i sare l t memered by theba v 18a thoe
*oe'fitm wba the wereO in 18701 preOLent. Yeon tknato that otrole P f
toen the g iersalet wa I thi psee ise r th other the Bod threw out 1,1t t ,

hesitated st no a petoitail or obe C i wil bti eelay .d Meanistee,~ '
ey a ed. On th bwfereO t ae th rhe td, hro w oat bodily. Ihs Ay they
u'pon tMte cont est whi a feeling of elected telns Governor by a h =Qority
oei. If we staboweed st the pol of t84, gave the electoral vote to iayes
e ead no asuradee, *te ohatgutr o by = 6 minority tid declared Ttsan i
iemen it erower, that tie votess wob% elec to'jno. e from the Fi't i -
1o0 er d oct of etulJotbpxhs they tre#v ])vtidson by a majority of 2
ad khept in, or *ht' the v victory, te ote, showed ter i
aon it wold be xcoiredL to us.t An p the benefit of all their con-
ow propbetio wereflbe felias oftoase fi inW Alachua and Leon, thst Zj =
ho aus Mbted?4hijntegrity OL- R*.dg( elected by 572 tajority,
nrmng1Bwr* uaemory wiBl for- thatTiaan uhSd4j4ieOd tjhB tate byta@ by
>ve ao wite oqe of thoar statt Iajoritvof 9 t v ha .
oiticil oritee that ve digraced AIn beate Pnri 'by 597. Yoi know that

*- .

P 1)


the Supreme Court, after sprotiactedand
hard- contest, commanded the Bard to
undo their fraudulent oontn and it :wasi
only after this battle had been fought and
won that George F. Drew was declared
Governor and a Reform administration
Consider the more favorable circum-
stances under which we engage in this
campaign as compared with feet years
ago: We go into it with a hope of suc-
cess at the very outset which we did
not feel then; it then was feeling of des-
peration rather- now it is one of exulta-
tion. The whole election machinery isin
our hands-then it was in the hands of
those who used it with unscrupulous vil-
lainy, not to collect public sentiment but
as a means to defeat it. We feel the great-
est confidence that if honestly successful
at the polls we shall receive the full bene-
fit of our votes-then we were encouraged
by no such assurance and the result justi-
fied our fears. Then we felt that the pre-
servation of what little the extravagance
of eight years of misrule had left us de-
pended upon driving the plunderers from
power-now we feel that to keep the gov.
ernment from falling again under the
blighting control of imbecility and in-
competency depends upon keeping the
plunderers from getting back. View it as
we may, we enter upon this fight with
bright hopes and cheering prospects. We
start in it with the prestige -of a former
-victory won under the greatest discour-
agements-mwith incentives to work as we
did in '76 strengthened by the encoorag-
ing experience we have-sincelad of the
difference between a government adminis-
tered in the interest of those who most
feel its evils and its burdens anda gowern-
Sment run in the interest of those whoee
only use for government at all is thatthey
may live off of it. Everythi is ffora-
ble to success. All right-th inrMg p le
want good government, and no h/eet
man can say-I do not care what hiryl-
. .-* itios are-that, as compared wilfthegov-
ernment the Republicanm gave s, Demo-
cratic rule has not proued a blessing to
Florida. The hearts of the.people-the
prayers of the good and virtuous-the
wishsa of the better class among the Re-

blicansa even-are withes;and wha
,to be oursed. with it ortsa
uid'g rIpg4f by .ve oomfidew
any other auf we permia4melves
defeated.. ;m "^U.c
WaT MOSTO]= Z"pMuLcA4 3&VLN "
.Save you ever asked yo~lt f
lowcitizens, the question: 'Whya
the people of Floeida rested the
cans to power? Was there anyth
their administration. of te ,gov
fron1 1868 to 1877 to coomen n
popular admiration and confideice ?
they consider the necessities, of the e
pie and make the burdens of govrnie
fall as lightly and gently as th&dews
heaven ? Did they keep down debt
taxes? Did they put & inte
men in office ? Were hey rigid
forcing the laws so that life ad
were safe ? Did they encourage ki
ings between races? Did they in
the blacks that the whites wre th
friends and not enemies, and that th
rights would be .just as safe under De
cratic government as under any
Did they discourage the fornftic~ n
plundering rings and protect the pub
property from adventurers? Did t
contribute nothing towards that section
hate which is the pabulum on which t
Republican party feeds, and on which i
now relies to continue them in power, b
slandering the spirit and temer of .
people?. Have their Hickses and th
Bisees defended this people from th
falsehoods of radicall newspapers,
'cal emissaries and hireling soribbl
Did they scrupulously guard the bl
box from being stuffed, punish the st
&rs when the rime was brought home
hem, and declare the result of all
tions in accoaa"ee with the popular wil
Did they remanstrate at the presence
troops t the polls ind- prot gai
rrunonng the capitol wia the if
~while tbq kte eamauser were
m counting the Teot 4fd-the f
If thw did all this, then no e
look with apprehension p
to power; bat we know. ttt M r
was the very oppo siteu :
taxes and debt mtea o rdng~J i
they put "illterate, i spable me, an

to qntk, gi w te gty f"in o e, iOthMe
rV aofW 4the tltA h i; they q oe
Whe erh1iinal I o h eistlt
>raiwt, Madl y in the bioe.aktd
r Ier Nt ofheRepublidan vole i
oound, was aso octorisly ionWar*%hat
he people almost gave up-in despsir
iope of raising their own. mubeisteaoe
hy compacted the 1agroes into a solid
j)odby oaths and other cunning device
mid-ed their minds with dstmast and
ate of. the white people, teaching them
hat Democratic success. in elections
neans deprivatiemofrights and their re-en-
lavement, and they are to-day enceurag-
ng them to remain solid by hopes of ne-
fro supremacy in the State through -the
Republican party; they engaged in all
lorts of plundering rings for absorbing the
)nblio lands, until our vast. public do-
nain had been all "conceded" away except
esa than three millions of acres; they
iave done everything .they could to fo-
nent the war of sectionalism by defaming
the disposition of the people through their
newspapers and on the stump; they have
itu ballot" boxes, robbed the people of
heir choice of officers by robbing the
ails as they 1870 and assisted to
teal the Presidency as they did-in 1876;
hey have rewarded perjured election offi-
ials instead of punishing them, as in the
ase of 3Bwes who stuffed the ballot box
a Leon, and Blalk and Vance, who did
he same thing in Alachua, and hesitated
ot to call for and employ armed soldiers
dien it suited their purpose.
All these things and many more, which
Swuld weary your patience to reoapita-
ate, go to make up such a record against
party of whom Horaoe Greeley ona
d "they mean a&U manner of mischief,
and seek by all memt at every haa-
ard plunder--they oopti for no pux
SPOBO but gwi, they qaniyer nothing
01t00poi"litfaat *0n their posseession
f the goYeptRent agal we bsho deo
only pray,; "Jood Lord, deliver us.
"aem YA3aU Arb non lmnAION.
They, thu.plven, ao a&r th I aorable
lernt, pit .*rth but two reasons why
e goixe dtm shhold beiven up to
he Ou 4a that imirion will ot
l eted Gove ntate ter, Conover is
elected Governor-the ether, that "sick

t eei wil cee to-seek oiurheltl
ijdtegcate and tOe patronae Asoir
sotelf oif in ao if
And not Conover should happen td be te
ohoieof tb people I Yp need notbatgh
at snua argwnea, or suppose that I am
joking in setting them, for they have as
Totally been urged by the &u and Ji
and reiterated by Conover himself ex~
eept perhaps that extraordinarily lumn-
nous ond with respect to "sick Yaskees"
-for whatever else he may be deficienf
in, Conover has sens enough to know that
persons who are "sick," whether "Yan-
kees or what not, will not be deterred
from seeking the benefit of our climate
because the government is Democratis.
In fact it is said that more people, sick
and well, have visited Florida wi*thii the
last three years than in any former period
of her history of the same length of time;
and I suspect they will continue to come,
no matter what may be the character of
the government, for so long as disease
prevails will the aflicted hU~t pl]es
where their sufferings may be alleviated
and life prolonged. "All that a man hath
will he give for his life" The other argu-
ment-tbat immigration will not flow into
the State as freely under Demooratio as
under Republican rule-is equy as'
senseless. It is.based upon the fae as-
sumption that the immigrants iwho have
come to Florida and those who desire to
come are Republicans. 'We krow this to
be untrue. Many of those whAo nmir
hither from the North and West are De-
o6rats, while quite all of those who cone
from the South and the Southwest were
Democrats in their old homes and iw,
such when they reach here, f&srhey
nothing in Florida Rep"Xib anUM.
mend'it to their judgents or o lei;
and the same is true wit- t' -
lr9"e m oajity of the 1 klm
the moth who are b when
they arrdi among us. ey soo n, 1-
aot4 the charatet of Flornda $qpbl-
cani*. aad vote with the D)meaorsta a
they daia ~ 6 and 4s they will do i thkii
el4ftioIl They s^ that it ij mealy oam-
posed of a masi-f ignoranee ana su ,
stition and madt the adder o whi
demagogues and corrupt men .limb into
offoe, and elf-interest, if ae higher



motive, prompts them to ally themselves
with the intelligence of the State and aid
in placing the local government in the
- eeping of those whose interest it is tb.
administer it honestly and with a due re-
gard to economy. So far from Democratic
rule being detrimental to immigration its
influence is the other way. It may be
safely assumed, I take it, that two things
at least have their influence in inducing
iminigration-first, the taxes the immi-
grant will be called upon to contribute to
support the government; and secondly,
the vigor with which the laws for the pro-
tection of life and property are enforced.
Does any one suppose that the enormous
taxes imposed by the Republicans, with
the waste and extravagance which have
characterized their rule wherever and
whenever they have obtained a foothold
in the South, would be more conducive to
immigration than the comparatively light
taxes and the strict regard .to economy
imposed and practiced by the Democrats ?
-or that there was anything to attract
immigrants in the notorious insecurity to
property under Republican government,
while the better security which now pre-
vails and will continue to prevail under
Democratic rule will repel immigration ?
But I need not discuss this point further.
There is a significant fact connected with
immigration to Florida, which is this:
Whatever may be the politics of immi-
grants, as a general thing they refuse to
settle in counties where the Republican
party is strongest and seek those localities
which are Democratic. This is an argu-
ment worth all the gassy nonsense of Saw-
yer or the whimsical sophistry of Cono-
ver. It is immaterial what may be the
reason assigned for this-the fact remains
that the great bulk of immigrants prefer
to take their families where there are the
fewest Republicans and the most Demo-
i crate!
But why, some one may ask, should the
conservative Democracy be continued in
power? The question is pertinentf and
perhaps the answer has already been given,
to some extent at least. But I will aas
swer more it length; and I say that
the Democracy should be continued in
power because they have shown better

capacity for government than their 6ppc
nents. This capacity has been shown i
divers ways but in nothi n morestrit
ipgly than in the skill with lrhish'tha
grappled with the finanoial'diciUteies t
whioh the imbecility of the Republicas
had plunged the State. I do not wish t
weary you with dry statistics, but yoi
will pardon me if I employ figures t
illustrate and enforce,what I may say. I
the 'outset I remark that the greatest
curse that ever befel Florida was the in
auguration of carpet-bag government i;u
der the reconstruction acts. Jerry Blac]
is credited with saying that the .fall c
man and the landing of the Pilgrims wer
the two monster evils that befel the hi
man race; but he made that reinark, i
he ever did make it, before the advent o
carpet-bagism in the South. Had b
waited yet a little I anm not sure that h
would not have added to the number an<
included this "advent" as equal if no
greater than either of the other evils.
Certain it is that the depressing and inj2
rious effect of Radical rule will continue
to be felt during this generation. T
better understand the force of this remark
and to appreciate more fully the dffiion
ties in the way of a successful adminiatr
tion of the finances by a Reform goi
ernment let me show you the state ofth
finances when the Democrats assume
power in 1877:
There was in the Treasury on all ai
counts $31,324.74 in money, and again
this there stood past due interest 4mounl
ing to $43,408.99, and floatingdebts, con
siting of warrants and outstanding greer
back scrip, deficiencies for 1875 and '7f
and juror and witness costs not reported
amounting to $255,685.39 more, making
in all $299,089.38 of immediate debts it
herited from the outgoing administration
It is true there was the larger portion
the taxes of 1876 to apply t this indebl
edness when collected, but the marvel ,
that with the immense suam that ha
been wrung from the people fiom 1868 t
1877 there was not an overflowinginstea
of an impoverished and bankrupt treasury
During that period of .fim, running
through eight and a.half years, their ow
reports show $3,032,859.83 of receipts,

nm verge of 8086,744.12 a year, and vet
&heue was nothing in the tre ary applfcae
le to ths enormous boating debt except
318,324.741 'And this is not the worst of
, for they had not only made away with
hee millions and left a floating debt, in-
uding the unpaid interest mentioned, of
early $300,000, but had added t6 the
onded debt $919,204.66, which was at
he rate of $108,123.84 a year !-and this
mmenee increoF e in the bonded debt,
ellow-itizens, has added to the annual
urdens of the people $58,656 on account
f interest alone, and the yearly tax re-
aired to meet this increased interest i
qual to about nineteen cents on the bun-
red dollars of all the taxable property of
e State. Once a year, when I hand to
he tax-collector my portion of this in-
reaged tax, I am. reminded afresh of the
eign of fraud wbich dominated here for
Many years, and I feel that war, pesti.
silence and famine would be preferable to
he restoration of such rule.
I said a moment ago the greatest curse
hat evr befel.FloCida was the inaugural.
ion of carpet-bag government under the
construction acts'and I submit that he
nancial results of oarpet-bag rule which
heir own records s4ow amply justifies
e assertion. I know that some dreamy
theorists have said that.a public debt is a
public blessing, but we in Florida have
und it to be an unmitigated evil-an
vil, too, for which the very party now
seeking to gain possession of the govern-
ient again s alone responsible. During
he ast six 'years $685,170.40 have been
assessed in taxes on the property of the
people to pay interest on bonds, add
345,912 of this sum has been assessed to
eet the interest on the $919;204 of tI
eased bonded indebtedness fastened on
e State by Republican mismanagement,
r which there was and is no possible
excuse or defence. It wa the fruit of
criminal waste and extrayagance on the
art of imbecie and corrupt rlers and
downright stealing hby heir Igents.
This, then, wa the fiancial condition
f the State when the Democrats took
arge of thh government. For one I
ad little expectation that the poor old
commonwealth would be'extricated and
he taxes reduced to an approximation of
hose imposed in the old days, all things

considered, in a period of time meeb short
of Prew's term of Office, unles, inded,
thee should be a large and rapid inekeam
in the taxable resources of the Stats
which, however, has- not taken, place&
Now, what has been accomplished ?
The first thing done, when the Legis-
ture of 1877 failed to agree apon the
amount of reduction, was to suspend .t4
collection of a portion of the taxe--ia
other words, instead of collecting t189
q the hundred dollars ofpreperty ashad
been the rate under the Repqblica s, hae
revenue officers were ordered to collect
only ote dollar. This appeared hazard-
ous in the face of a floating debt of
$300,000,'1r it was a reduction in taxes
compared with what the Republicans had
annually asessed, including the poll-tax,
of over $62,000. In 1878 another mill
was taken offt,.aking the tax for that
year ninety cents on the hundred dollars.
In the following year the Legislature
fixed the tax for 1879 and 1880 at 7 mills
or seven cents on the hundred dollars,
and legalized the, suspensions ordered by
the Governor in 1877 and '78 by which
over $140,000 had been saved to the peo-
ple as.compared with the rate under the
Republicans. And it may be a matter of
interest to say here that the present can-
didate for Lieutenant-Governor on the Re-
publican ticket, 4en. Ledwith, not only
voted against the act legaliing the suspen-
sion in the last Legislature, but made a
speech denouncing the Governor for or-
dering it.
In the three years, then, since the in-
auguration of a reform government, there
has been a gradual reduction in taxation
from 12 mills or $1.20 on the hundred
dollars of property, to 7 mills o 70 cents,
and in his length of time there has been
a saving to the tax-payers of *367,730.88,
or ain verge of $122,576.96 a year, and
this great reform in taxation, fellow-citi-
zens, has been effected without injury to
the credit of the State So far from it,
the credit of the State is better than it
ever was. The floating debt has been
paid as fast as presented, the interest on
the public debt promptly met, and not a

1874. 1 1878.

8 18,581 88
,287 66
10,979 00
1,028 15
1,840 88
1, 66
1,364 50

4.588 00
*8,1 t24
15,752 27
1,50 06
16 04&815
24,OB 27
8,771 06
82,801 84
2,30 91
10,989 07
19,960 61
19,600 12
6,267 0
19,787 16
4,816 8
7,69 47
4,881 9
1,77 74
10,01 21
* 18004
7,644 91
,900 87
8,478 68

* 19,89 677
8,297 92
9,667 49
1,07 87
1 827
13,8 93

1,276 28

19m 09
0,88 99
19,0780 0

8,OO 18
6,890 7
15,07 56

10,789 61
7,978 80

4 6 B
18,101 7


dollar of State scrip is. oat that is not
worth its face value in gold.
Not the least of the good fruits result-
ing from this splendid financial mansge-
meat is the breaking up of the scrip rings
which could be found at almost ever
street corner and cross-road under Radi-
cal rule. Some of these rings were made
up of officers of the government. Their
business was to speculate in the State's
paper by depreciating it as low as possi-
ble and then buying it at prices propor-
tionate to their own greed and the neces-
sities of the seller, and even high officials
did not hesitate to engage in this kind of
business and with the State's own money
buy scrip at the market price, pay it into


Alachu ......
Cahoun .....

Hamilton ....
Leon ........
Liberty ......

Santa Bols...
St. Johns....

Walton ......

Taxable pop-


$ 15, 088
2,027 17
7,786 8


1,361 0
11.40 84
,7682 94
",so@ 04
308 76
6'M 67

4,716 80
7,100 71
1,8 207
17,889 26
2,566 84



,29 U
les 5

8,6 14

8,802 a
2,849 a


the treasury at its face value and pocket
the difference. Those were the flueb
times" with scrip'speoulators. IJ ad
one of them give as a rason the Qthar
day for voting the Radical ticket tlSt
'there was no money to be.n-ade a ide
Democratic rule by speoulaitngin seaip
for there was none to spelate in and h
thought that a change would bring the
Uflush times back again !
I subjoin a table compiled from the
tax-books which will show the taxes as
messed for State purposes during these
six years in each of the thirty-nine coun.
ties, with the taxable property of the
State for each of the years mentioned as

* 18ro.

S018 r7

60 6201
,474 44
1,7 87
0,31 9
6,910 28

1,r 8as
9 09 99
4, -796
7,0 18
7,987 97
Un as
1,93 78

4W.M -Uag


7,19 81
1,89 7t
,218 8

802 85
9,8?5 o8

10,44 28

lo,6 a
,80 8B

19,802 47

2,3597 1
14,4 84

,10"0 8

8,060 08
7,9 7

7,3066 01
2,461 44
21110 1I
87,0861 at



-14,86s 26
1,72 41
6,878 08
2216 10
1,144 17

8,00 01
19,288 W9

8,76120 8

1,982 38

8,950 94
11,701 7
4,518 6

9,934 4
11,701 78
13714 0

4616 78

0,470 9
7,4981 89

6,1 484
agB as

Sa..T 32

TAxzs asseaed for State Ilrposes under Republican and Demo-
cratic rulefor six yearsfrom 1874 to 1879, indcusve:






The rate of taxation assessed in '74,
'78 and I'76 wv edls mills and in '77,
'7& and '79 it WRar f, ninq and s n mills,
vw y. Ths several aiggegtes
emn66 tie taxes levied-b'y e b tat a
a ulpvws, to-wit: for ordinary ex-
pe=ses lfierlterest, and the constitutional
ta of one mill for schools. If we epa-
rate them we will find that the taxes as-
sesed in 1874, '75 and '76 were for the
following purposes:
For ordinary State expenses......$ 712,8944
For ntereton debt............ 411,068.85
For choobl, 1-mill tax............ "9810.88
The taxes of 1877, '78 and '79 were di-
vided a4 follows: ,
For ordinary State expenses...... $488,818
Far ntestt................... 74,1l,.5
For schools, 1-mil tax............ 91,878
This shows a levy of $228,579.55 less
for ordinary State expenses under Demo-
cratib government and $186,916.80 less on
interest account, and demonstrates the
fact that if the government can be suc-
cessfully run on the lower rate of taxa-
tion now imposed, the people were most
outrageously oppressed and swindled by
the higher rate exacted under Republican
rule. t is worthy of note that with a
greatly diminished interest tax there has
been added to the sinking fond $52,200
in the last three years as against $97,900
added during the whole period of Repub-
lican administration !
The amount assessed during the three
years for ordinary State expenses aver-
aged $287,464 a year under Republican
government,. while that ssesd under
Democratic rule averaged $181,279 and
the interest tax assessed by Repubiicans
averaged $137,021 and the same tax un-
der the Democrats averaged $91,875 a
Before I pass from this general review
of the State's financial management, past
tad preesBiIadd here the receipts at the
treasury ti 1868 to the close of 1876,
hnder the several administration of Gov-
rnors Reed and Stmrn, taken from the
Comptrollets reports under both

.B -*. Wamem9 Bawsm
1885........., 7and th war
iter........... aa aeeteeensesu
IMm .......... WsjiMj .1

1876:.......... 2.5...

38,068,888 p885fl61W
The annual average of these receipts
w s n356,748e2, and the warrants drawn
averaged 8388,306.72, but the warrants
drae do not give a true idWa of the
epoerand of th hgovernmeent The Comp-
troller draws so warrants for the payment
of interest and hence the expenses under
that head do not appear ini his report,as I
t1ink they should. In the receipts for
1876 is included (91,796.66 for interest on
the public debt, and whab disposition was
made of this money is not given by the
reportand such has been the case since
1871. Neither do the "receipts" indi-
cate the expenses, as I will show presently
from the immense increase in the bond-
ed debt of $919,204.65 beyond what
it was in 1868, which increase averaged
$108,123.84 a year. The expenses f the
government under the Reoublicas could
not have been less thanflve hundredthou-
sand dollars a year to make such an in-
crease necessary, for the additional bonds '
were issued to pay indebtedness supposed
to have been incurred to meet ordinary
legitimate expenses.
Besides all this the defalcations of rev-
enue offers from 1868 to-1877 amounted
to over $250,000, not a tenth part of
which will ever be collected their bonds-
men being either men of straw or utterly
irresponsible, while the counties were de-
aued of as much more. As a specimen
of some of the oofoers appointed by the
Republicans, I will mention the case of a
tax collector in a county in West Florida
who was in default to the State for over
7,000. and to the county in a similar mm,
and when asked to make a settlement
with the State he wrote to Gov. Sterns
that he was prepared tosettle but would
not do so with that "d--d scoundrel
Cowgill !" This man left the State as a
defaulter in 1877 and was afterwards p-
t .* v


pointed-by President Hayes to. an office
w the territory.of Utah, while his bonds-
men have been left to make good his steal-
ings I
For a better understanding of what has
been accomplished during Democratic
government for three years last past, be-
ginning with 1877 and up to the close of
1879, as compared with the three last years
under under the Republicans (1874, 1875
and 1876,) the following statement will
be instructive':
In 1874 the State tax was.... ....6 7,3.777
In s1m the State tax was........ 405o.71
In 1876 the State tax was...... s0,8.eo-S ,17,47.17
In 1877 the State tax was........ 327,098.87
In 187 the State tax was........ 284,9.28
In 1879 the State tax was........ 27,.14- 849,316.29
Saving In three years ................. :t67,70.88
These figures, which'are official, show
a yearly average assessment under the
Republicans of $405,682.39 and tnder the
Denioerats of $283,105.43.
SAverage annual saving $122,576.96.
It has been only since this campaign
commenced that any Republican has had
the boldness to deny better management
of the finances under Democratic than un-
der Republican rule; but the Republican
candidate for Lieutenant-Governor now
comes to the front and asserts that the
Democratic claims for greater economy
are unfounded. In an account of a speech
made by him at Welaka on the 23d of
August, given in the Sun and P/ess, it is
General Ledwith, the Republican candidate for
Lieutenanf-Governor, was the next speaker. His
speech was almost wholly devoted to the State
issues. He was thoroughly well prepared and
came with official documents to sustain every
point he made. He reviewed the claims of the
Democrats to greater economy in the administra-
tion of our State affairs, and showed by the most
conclusive evidence that that claim was unfound-
ed. On this particular subject he made the speech
of the day. It was a forcible and convincing ar-
SIt was in this same speech that he ex-
hibited the greatest ignorance on the
"school question," and I think I shall
again convict him of ignorance on the
"financial issues." I have been curious
to see the figures on which he based his
"conclusive evidence," but no newspaper
has as yet given them to the public. I
find, however, in the Jacksonville Tee-

phone.of the 3d inst~ soe.edata which
presume was furnished by G4eral led-
with, as I donot suppose thattheintellirent
editor of that paper would give his read-
ers only a portion of the facts bearing on
the question, when all of the facts 'were
accessible and were to be found in the very
"documents" from which those given
were taken. Remarking on "Legislative
Extravagance," that paper says:
An examination of the amounts appropriated
during the past six years does not show that any
real economy has been practiced; in'fact, thelast
two years show an increase rather than a de-
crease. The appropriations were as follows:
1875 ................. ......... ... .224,581.40
1876.............................. 1 5,480.81
1877 .............................. l M85I
1874......... .. .. ........ ...-. 876,81t.88
1880 ........... ....... .... ....... 258. 1 0
SThese figures are delusive, and except
for 1879 and 1880, do not show the ex-
pnses of the government, any more than
dothe "warrants drawn" from 1868 to
1878. There was no session of the Legis-
lature in 1876, and consequently there was
no appropriation made for the expenses
of that year until 1877, and these expenses
constituted a part of the "deficiencies"
which were inherited by te present Dem-
ocratic State government By reference
to chapter 3054, (laws of 1877,) it will be
seen that the Legislature of that year ap-
propriated $165,480.87 to meet those un-
paid expenses and made a further appro-
priation by the same act of $15,499.15 for
deficiencies of 1875. This made $180,-
979.96 for "deficiencies" 'appropriated
in 1877 for 1876 and'75, and of the $330,-
936.01 of "warrants drawn" in the first
year of Democratic government $176,-
141.21 was under these appropriations,
which left $154,794.74 for expenses of
1877. In 1875 while the appropriation
was, the Telep ne says, $224,531.40, the
"warrants drawn" by Comptroller Cowgill
amounted to $290,561.43, while the pay-
ments in that year were $368,930.08! Up
to 1879 no appropriation made by the
Legisture covered mterest on the bonded
debt or the amounts raised on the one mill
school tax, and this is the reason why the
"warrants drawn" do not show the ex-
enses. The appropriations for 1879 and
80, however, cover interest and school ta,
and this is the first time that has been

done since the inauguration of the govern,
meit under'the reconstruction acts, and
this is the reason why the pproprisatin
for these. wo years appear so large. : In
th. appropriation for 1879, 8827,588.88
was for expenses of that.yer, and this ir
eluded 110,000 for interest and schools
(a fact the telephone omits to state,)
which left $217,538.68 applicable to ordi-
nary expenses. Of the whole sum appro
printed for that year, which the Telephone
puts at 8s76,811.88, $110,000, as we have
seen, was for interest and 9.0 count of
schools, .21l,538.68 was- for ordina,
ry and extraordinary expenebp, and.of
the balance $12,873 was for "deficien-
cies" in 1876 and previous years, $295-
010.58 was to cover. payments on Juror
and Witness account made in 1878 and im-
braced in the" warrants drawn" for at
year. So too of the appropriatiou for 18,
($258,123) $110,000 was for interest and
schools, which left .only $148,14 fo, -or-
dinary expenses foi'the preesen year. _
But the best test of the comnparatiyv
economy of the two parties in administe-
ing the government is to be found in-td
taxation imposed by each, andSe records
show that for the last three years uadAMr
Republican rule, to go no further bak,
the average assessed State tax was
$405,682.39 a year, while the average
assessed under Democratic government
has been only $283,105.43, or $122,-
576.96 less, and this yearly saving in
taxation is an argument which o.
not be overthrown by apy pretendea
"documents" which General ;edwith or
any one else may affect to have in their
possession. In fact any tax-zjyer can
settle the matter in his own mind by
comparing the taxes A' has been called
on to pay since 1877 with those assessed
against him under the old rule. nei me
illustrate this in Gen. Ledwith's case. I
have looked into the tax books of Duval
county f6r 1874, '75, '76,'77, '78 and '79,
and find the assessment against him for
each'of these .years to be as follows:
In 74 his ts tm were............
" tm r 'e...................... 5
i -1 "o ooo* .o... .. ... *..:
....... ................. 94.T0
"1879 ....................... lo.o- -
Saving to GeneluaLidwitth In th e reer...... .40
Now I submit that a person who has

* ejo yedu t.i tf Deocratcuoie,
I such ax sextx as thisi a sp shorVa.Oime
I oght to stp trying to doeive t pop-
I plorby *tatig that. Demoorati. 9 .ais to
I poonomy .nataonqded ap4 A.kbahe, B
, "doounnnts" toproveit. Thbses."4do-
Snments to prove or refqte wb~a be m~y
ea woodM be b e. pr ductotm Ms sMp
Sta receipts And these tell-tale receipts
* would show further that the difference be-
t tween the value of the property on which
She aid taxes in 1874 and 1879 was only
S$1:0, while jthediference in the taxes he
Spaid between these two years was $122.80!
Thus few ill p rative facts effectually
S"squeloh" Gen. Ledwith and prove him
to be total unreliable as an exponent of
what constitutes economy.7
A carofal satdy of the tAbl-giving the
taxes ,bj counties will preeent pipme strik-
ing realta, but-I can onUly al attention
Sto parthcqlar initmces. T' .he follow-
ing o-qpties am4 compfr.tah. itate taxes
asseeased in each in 1874, '15 ;nd '76 with
those assessed ier Denoratic rule in
S1877,'78 anad'7i'1
*N-y. MOT- DWWK.
Alac .. ........4i 6 ...... sM
.va ......... -i-an ...... 2MM :.:. ....sw
Zecatbla..... USJPt. 36..... M.UBK. ao>Mn
dem ....... .6. 8M...... 2.,91101
rJes o....... r s.... a. ...... 1 sa47
em,,,...... 6.30. '6541.3, 3 1,m
Leou..... D ..... .4~, ..... .a sT
onma ...... 1U ...... a 0 2..... ,61
9,IBJ4. 2S,IM 21,17873

Thus in these fourteen counties, which
pay over two-thirds of all the taxes in the
State, there has been a saving in them
in State taxes alone of $280,868.
I add here the bonded debt as itex-
isted when Reed was inaugurated in 1868
and as it existed in 1877when thf Demo-
arets took bharge of the government.' .
Bonded debt in 168.......... .... W r
Bbdsde4ebt in 1877............: .,188AM
Increase.................... 19,9O&
In his report of January 1, 1877, Comp-
troller Cowgill gave the bonded debt at-
that time as $1,391,600, but I adopt the

statement of TreasurerGwynn who makes
it $2,800 less. The debt as it existed in
1868, when Governor Reoo was inanga-
rted, will be found statedain Coiptroller
Beard's report of November 4, 1867.
There were in the sinking fund January,
18771, 97,900 which I included as part of
the bonded debt for the reason that these
bonds continue to draw interest j6st the
same as Obonds' in the hands of private

parties, which makes them still a part of
the interest-bearing debt of the State.

SPermit me now to call your atteti
to the matter of county tazsn imposed
county purposes. The 1fllow0ing ta
has been made up from the tax books
the Comptroller's office and is entire
reliable :

TAXBs asssed for County Purposes from 1874 to 1879, inWcu-



S1,681 88
1.04 88
1,080 66
1,14 81
8,K0 a&
200 1
84,82 06

,681 78
8,414 5
1,109 70

I,89 16
700 77
2.,8 02
18,42 81
16,181 48
lo2,109 66
2,925 24
17,88 64
9,686 06
8618 91
6,088 90
8,208 13
8,04 28
10,820 47
2,688 74
3,on 2
2,089 U
a872,998 86

. 18756.

,464 40


29 11
1, 17U40
11,2 a82
6,8a8 61
8,1,41 1

10,999 50
17,877 89
30,241 1
2,247 81
16,1022 9
17,168 a
AM,75 81
2,566 T
6a6 78
6,460 90
2,62 71

- I,


4,101 a4

4X0 w

2 I

o s
18,6 go
O,8 s8
15,846 8t
7,908 4
4,071 6


2,297 11

588,900 0



$ 16,1683 18
1,02 21
/ 4,4s0
1,6ls 81
4,1% 00

9,297 44
,428 96
4,6 61
S 28
7,72 78
1,68 1o0
2,40 48
14,84 82
14,84 88
17,907 19
8,821n 49
46 04
8,66 21
14,121 06
S7,78 17
t86,811 66

1878. 18T9.

* 19,4186 0
1,786 0
*,8 48
2,W 83
1,148 17
60,49 41
8to 70
7,401 97
,999 22
799 84
8,7088 a
9,10 79
10,478 1
7,T7 07
19,648 14
1,27 01
12,14 96
9,0086 8
6,081 94
7,790 61
8,297 0
2,410 79
6,91U 80
$M,07 3


S968 7

a,ees 7r

14,00 47

39t8 7



1,a08 7
1.64 81

1.84 6
1,816 2

In 1874, '75 and '76 the taxes assessed
amounted to $1,091,950.73, and in the
three succeeding years they amounted to
$979,089.44, oi $112,861.29 les. In these
several assessments the amount of $218,-
661.77 was levied in 1874, '5 and '6 for
special purpose, such as interest on debts,
public buildings, &c., and $198,584 wqaa
imposed in 1877, '8 and '9 for the same
purposes. Most of the count*eg fond4 f

large outstanding scrip indebtedness when
the Democrats took control in 1877, and
in many instances the accounts had been
so imperfectly kept that it was difficult to
ascertain their true financial condition
In twelve, from which I have been able to
obtain reliable data, viz: Alachua, Gads-
den, Daval, Columbia, Mrion Jae M,
Jefferson, Manatee, Wakulah ai
nando and Walton, the a ing dete


evabrd ......
olumbik ....

Daft .......

Frankloi .....
Dnvl ......

Dade ......

Naeum .....

edw neen....

Hnta oea....
Jt. Jaon.....
aloaio... .
Monroe ......
uanatee.. ...
N LAaul......
Puam. .....
Sants aRosa...
St. Johns....





i. w w

e amounted to 1834,125.70. In
yellow citizens, not only was there gross
ni agement of the Stte's finances,
at those of the countiesfared little if tny
beter. Inompetenoy was the rle, fitness
in offoials the exception. We need not
go beyond our own oountyof Leon for ex-
amples. Here.the county scrip outstand-
ing i 1877 was .28,667.97, a portion of
which has since been found to have been
fraudulently re-issued by Radical Clerk
hh in favor with his party. This in-
de ees had been red ued on the 1st
of January last to $18629.28, bnt it has
been and still is a constant source of em-
barrassement, preventing the. county ofii-
cials for the want of meansfrom doing
some things which even the dictates of
huimanit. would suggest The school fund
was left bLrdened with a debt of $10,-
167.5s, which has since been reduced to
*2,700. That fund wan Mundoubtedly rob-
bed; for, when Bowes, the ballot box
staIr, whO was the county euperintend-
ent, fled from the State to accept office
under a President who had been made
such by the aid of the election frauds in
Leon, he destroyed or carried with him
records which would have doubtlessa-i
closed the villainy connected with the
management of the schools. The county,
lke the State, fellow-itiens,. was regard-
ed as a sort of milch cow whose value de-
pended upon how much butter she, would.
yield." The Circuit Court was constantly
ept supplied with ignorant jurors who
regarded a session of court as a God-seed,
and the justices' courts were made the
means of robbing tax-payers in the shaph
of costs. For illusttion, takthe the crimi-
nal costs paid by thi county for a series
of years in comparison with those paid
since the government has been under
Democratic control and you will not be
at a loss to account for the enormous scrip
debt left on our hands:
Criminal epioaee paid In 1874........ M
SP PO Im........ a.,864.7
S" 187 ........ ,M 7.7T .
1 ........ 4,MT4.7
S ** 188..::::::: ,7
79. ...... M- 8,886
Difemne In mvin t In thme emft.......... ,11
Here you have a striking illustration of
the Republican mode.of administering
government. Where one dollar would
answer two and more must be expended,

for the difference in this instance is oer
125 per cent.
SBut Leon is only one of many counties
where Rq.pbliean mmaage bet has left
an oddr which "smell rank to heaven."
This Is notably the case in counties in the
" black belt," as Governor Stearas oarao-
terized those sections where the Republi-
can strength chiefly lies. I will pass over
the great difference in the cost of admin-
istering the law, in the Circuit Courts be-
tween now and then-a difference in some
instances amounting to over one hundred
per cetL, as in Leon, Gadsden, Jackson
and Walton-and cite a few farther in-
stanees to show how the so-called ex-
pensea were piled up against the counties
in th shape of Sheriff's and Clerk's fees
and costs m Justices' Courts:
ctminal lipanes faid by certain Yfou-
tes from 1874 to 1879, inclusive, com-
174, '75, '76. 1877,'78,'7t9.
Alahua ............ 16416.10.... .$8IT.7
clay............. P1.S..... 1,8
Draf............. 1,018.5l.. 31,089M5
d .... ........ b00...... 080.8
je o....... .... 9,097.00...... 6,64.00
o. ",..............., 9180.08...... 8
Manatee ........... 8,80.46. tS
Marion.............. 18,15.84 ...... 68.8
St. Johns.......... 4P8.86 ..... % .75
Wakalla........... ,187.70...... 9M0
Walton............. 1,14.67...... 88.71
t96,0586 e6,11;98
*In Duval there is n data from which the costs
paid in 1874 can be obtained, so Oat the fgotes
r that county represent only the amounts pid in
186'6, while those in the oppoit column are
the sums paid in 1877, 78 and 719 inDuval. The
ots paid under the Republican avenged 10,-
800.77 a year, while those paid by the Demanocrats
averaged $7,030.06.
In these eleven, counties the reduction
in criminal costs has been over thirty per
cent., and whether you take this falling
off to inACeate a reduction in .crime or as
the result of the stoppage of fraudulent
overcharges and saoounts, it-is creditable
either way.
Saying thus gone through with what I
intended to say oh the subject of finaenes,
and shown, I think, that a Pemoeratic
government has so managed the diical-
tses of the pituatiW as to ohallepge the


confidence and respect of all parties, I de-
sire, before I conclude, to group certain
facts and commend them to the thought-
ful consideration of the people,. The taxpa
which have been assessed during the last
six years, beginning with 1874 apd ending
with 1879, embracing three years of Re-
publican and three years under Democrat-
ic rule, aggregate as follows:
State taxes under Repbllcans, $1,21;047.17
County" 10l,75i0.Ti3--3)808,787.90
State te under Democats, 589,9~ .a
county" .9,o.u- ,2,r0.73a
Diffeence....... .................. 140o,317
This shows an annuaLaverage saving in
State and county taxation for the three
years last past of $160,130.72, and speaks
for itself. If you will add these sums to-
gether, however, you will see that they
aggregate the enormous amount of $4,-
137,903.63, while- the taxable property
on which this sum has been assessed has
only averaged $30,817,875 a year. Pellow-
citizens, this is an enormous sum to be
levied on the hard earnings of the. people
in such a short period -as six years;, and
while it is very true that government is
an expensive luxury with which society
cannot dispense without hazard to every
interest, the very fact that it costs so dear
should make us all the more careful as to
the character of the men we put in charge
.of it. We want officers who will husband
the money contributed by the people with
jealous scrupulousness-who will watch
for leaks in the treasury with untiring
vigilance-who will have the capacity to
suggest and the honesty to inaugurate re-
forms-who will never cease to remember
that government is established for thti
whole people and not for a few, and that
the more faithful they are in discharging
the high duties entrusted to them, the
greater will be the appreciation ,Ji which
they will be held by their countrymen.
"Public office,", says the great man who
heads our Presidential ticket, "is a trust,
not a bounty bestowed upon the holder."
These reflections are not alone applicable
to State officials, but apply with equal
force to county officers. Sheriffs consti-
tute an important part of the executive
machinery of the government. To them
society looks for the stern enforcement of
law in the ferreting out of crime and thp
prompt arrest of criminals, and if there
has been a decrease in crime during the

last three years, due to the fact t
tpe has been an improvement .ii the
barcter of this class of bi4oialls ty
commissioners are in aaniner localgi-
lators. They fix the rate of county taxa-
tion under-the law-they appropriate gbe
money-they, pas on the acoaits of ai-
cers. If they are men of the right kiid,
they will see that taxation and expendfi
tares are limited within the bounds of a;
solute'necessity. It was the disregard of
this plain duty by Republican offioeratht
involved the counties in sho financial
difficulties, and it has been owing to
stricter fidelity on the part of those wibb
succeeded them that any improveaieat in
county matters hsastaken all. '
But I will close.: I tbihk I have giLeV
uanoswerable reasons why the Consere
tire Democracy should be continuedtti
power. I have purposely refined frie
discussing National politics; I have .a)
considered that necessary. Unless al
siges fail, Hancock will be elected Pre(
dent sid Florida will aid in thatgloriaN
repplt by giving him her electoral voft
The reforma-inaugurated under Drew wil
be continued under Bloxham. The people$
will take care that the party whose lead
ere are more malignant than liberal and
.whose abuse of Floridians helps to feed
sectional animosity and contributes'tod
ter immigiation-whose rule wea marked
by peculation, waste and extravagance
and whose influence has solidified. and ino
flamed the colored element and planted
valcano under so many communities :-1
say that the people will take care that
suoh a party is not restored to. power
Bit let us not take too much for grate&

Let us not be content with bareZl electing
our candidates; let us do so .by such a
reosing majority that in all futite elec-
tions lorida will not be considered 'a
doubtfilV ate." We can do this only by
work. .< have the voters-let us see that
they asi athe polls. To this ena let us or-
ganizea clubs in every neighborhood and
enlist.the.,active effort of all ai, and
let, ui emply oririig young mgOn bhe
"stump.' ur candidates are gorig from.
county to county, but we must secOnl
their efforts and see to it that the s'ed
they sow is made to yield an abundant
harvest in November.

-tk'anhe norM *, u toU.] W
"'*b 3aee mI i."
Colt a o iuhsiissep, by the sen
a inA.aats th, tati~fBsion meeting
n Japmnvxi.e on .atdedhy east, FIst'

te uitfa o wayalto dray te ba tbi` l
'WwlV ce tactrbut ludismibiit In his
ran'oa thul d rac issuo." t ;. :e
In pllustraites the tthf ess ofee the
Saofthe a it ieallaged fP hiem that
'ha never pears the opportune timpnorly

ea ths the antago nim oef color, hencg

ometinm called, the" 4' iolor line ".-the
rrayment of rhe. bst ract as othe nm-

ih.eppositia toA whites Now if
't can be otaw t .thleast lit. Demot hare
tponible ort he alleged ra th s tatns
eade iun tra t e trhfbyoes of the
itjfofthe eaw and JBss. The "i

enable to the- o a Bpra mat create d ealy
eat f the antresonisbii of color, len o
eat the door of the polor lit ne"-the

.. Bisee onsortaff tfthe p -
It is needless o Upsuea question .which
raybut of rae agato i Fromae, the nose
he white Republiaon Ito ae whites. if
esewhea e iown the Southhae Dem ort are
epaton tbfrhe roalleged a solid body
nm did Florida, then thrgy. wouldihe

>at if the respondibilitherd hoed hoe
si the door of the g tywi th whRsh
h. BWsbee consorts, whaL then ?
It is needless to aguas question which

Sbrtut anide out From the otfset,
we white Reubliean adr fepub Flomrida
elsewhere in the South have laborll t o

ohoo otbeir own pol t, '

nationa prompted wouldha"Oke
"oethe theg egro o intoli a solid body
have died thiseorigmap through advUni-
aes whoand olo Biotherhoods anewho

raniatiheroes wee tit anad wh o
sol have beenody oRepf vote, boundbty
anythes in the Bothb, least of al sckh a

votmoert dirmted now exists inexothed
nimoaity againstised a ite mean laf toe
hoobs'their own polltian bc ooidme Ithe
might'hariapdopted the advice ofhrlf
Sumnner and dwVided up their incl-
nations prompted. This would Is stake a
" the negro outofpolitie," butwooll ngt
hsvesaited the purposes of thieadvenpta-
wre who fooke&d iouth as to a new d
Promising fietd for paying their vocatio6,

votoeas directed, their passpono itied t6
animosity *against' all white mae noa Be<.
pmblicans and thus beooame thao ools of

MaiaileMi leaders who used them -s
inmtraments for the promotion of their or

aw j Onam"t ,

Sthe atte. wogfor to act in coqcertf ti
well for their owanpsRtection a thae ~ip
teWttio of their e as fo the p
ieftel eirtationtff t bit erL
,es'tfn ofwieel 0a oi hfsetf.
* 1Thi we ei wher e remponsibiity of
the rase lasae" re. It w asch men
a Bisbee who poisoned the.mind of th
egroes and iafiueced them to dtaw the
"olorline," and who are still trying, by
al the arte of th~ demagoga to retain
their "grip" on thm. M ow oftAd has
Biee and such as he taught the negro
to look upon the Southern white man is
an edemy whose control of the govern-
ment would end in depriving the black
of their rights and in the re-tablishment
of illaver? In.this very speelimalde at
Jacksonvie he :is reported as saying
" When we were straggling with th
"troubles and dangers of reoonmtruction,
" Hancock sarrenderd,to the euaQy. He
"believed when the war ended tiat
"South was restored to at her *ight*- s-
" adiw.g tA flv ." What object
could the speierh~ h had n.tteri
this falsehood exoepjt mislead. an4 a-
Ba his p hegro hemse? e knew that
itataent was untme', but did '
.~He knew that the aouth aept
eaieltsl of the wrieoladriytha-eb.-
.of lavcry, an that 4 no time,
ywrjm jlasronstmotioD or alce, had Obn-
~~eral'flt H d g owunenaoe, by vwrd
or deed,. that slavery was "re-,
stored J iS ah tbihe war w&-
oer. -be oparp *lUObviouas,od
if it failed to'elioui the uoat 1 t's so," it
was 'because the oulil -_ tin were
not prepared to sawllm too much of one
thing .t-i.e: aMlt abbe rainer
thakn a tIhe' B ty foarthe "raoe

tive of hia iac ii Coagi e, Oa OSid,
"The Crpe6hag element of. ptr was *
iat the foundation of the troubles in the


"Southern States. He had been led to "lessness of the Democratic party relate
"look upon the Republican leaders as the "thereto. Instead of building up.
"true friends of the South, but he would "public schools," this veracious tiump
"freely say that in hisjudgmentlhey were said, they had deliberately and sham
"hypocrites". Brce's colored predeoes- lessly t to work to destroy them."
sor in the Senate (Revels) used this lan- is added by way of giving emphasis
guage in a letter to General Grant: the General's qhargs, that he was p
Since reconstruction the masses of my people pared "with official 40cments to
have been, as it were, enslaved in mind by un- every point he made." Nothwit
principled adventurer, who, caring nothing for ing the vehemence with which he
the country, were willing to stoop to anything, his "points" and the ssrae that
no matter hew inftnous, to secure power to s poidocsmernth"
themselves and perpetuate it. My people are nat- was well provided with "documents
rally Republicans, buit as they grow older in support them, we are obhged 'to say
freedom so they do in wisdom. A great portiqa the cause of truth, that on this" sche
of them have learned that they were being used question" the .Republican candiSate
as mere tools, and, as in the te election, not be-is a very i r
ing able to correct the existing evils among them- nantGovenor is a very
selves, they determined, by casting their ballots Barring the mistake committed by
against these unprincipled adventurers, to over- last Legislature in limiting; the school i
throw them. instead of leaving the rate to be fixed
The bitterness and hate created by the late civil the sound discretion of the county sch
strife have, in my opinion, been obliterated in this
State, [Mississippi,) except, perhaps, In some lo. boards, as we think shou have b
calities, and would have long since been entirely done and as undoubteqly'will be don
effaced, were it not for some unprincipled men when the Legislature next assembles, t
who would keep alive the bitterness of the past, official documents" prove the very ie
and inculcate a hatred between the rades in order
that they may aggrandize themselves by office verse of General Ledwith's reckless sta
and its emoluments,'to control my people, the ments. In fact they contradict himo
effect of which is to degrade them. flatly that we are forced to the conclusion
It is not difficult to understand upon that his "documents," instead of bein
whom intelligent colored people throw the "official," were of the mythical kind.
responsibility for race troubles. It rests on Now the official facts show that no
the unprincipled men who keep alive the withstanding the reduced revenue wi
bitterness of the past," as Revells said; which the schools have been operate
or as a colored editor in Tennessee puts since the change in the law, there hav
it, "on the men who want office; who are been organized nearly half as many ad
"malicious and want revenge, who want ditional schools. during the past thrA
"to increase the colored man's enemies by years as the Republican management sue4
"breaking the friendship between the ie- ceeded in putting in operation in the pre.
"gro and his late owners. They are mis- ceding eight. According to a statement
"erable guides, without judgment, con-' made by Mr. Hicks in a public addrep
"science or honesty." delivered in the Representative HaUl the
We submit that the Sun and' Press night following the inauguration of;Gov-
could with propriety add these features to ernor Drew, the total-number of schools
its portait of Bisbee, for they seem to fit in the State at that time wa save h u-
him admirably. dred, though his report for the preceding
year, 1876, does not show that numbw.
from the Poridias, August 7.l In the first year under Democratic min-
PiBLIC SCHOOLS. agement the total number had increaMi
Comparative Statement of their to eight hundred and ighy-even, ad
ondion dr D the second yearreached ninehusnidr daod
and Repvblcaun management. increased nearly three hundred in nuw-
In a speech made at Welaka, Putnam ber in the first two years under Dena-
county, on Monday last, General Ledwith cratic rule.
is reported in the Sun & APress as having During the third year there were still
" examined the school question and to other additions, and for the ensuing term,
have "exposed the hypocrisy and faith- according to the itemized estimates of


he school board in the several counties,
ne thousand one IWubd nd a" etieeA
schools are proided for. -
But besides the increase is Ae number
f schools, the inanial eondiima of most
f the oounties has beeh vw grqy yim-
iroved. At the beginning of 18W 8 an
f the count boiams ware emb
rith debts eft'by GenerafLedwith's own
>arty and were fomcedA to struggle ander
these while e1davoring to operate the
schools. In eighteen counties alone the
ndebte4ness amounted to 437,b0o, yet in
ome of these,very counties the schools
awe 'floyihed as they. had never done
inder t' political maiiement of the
republicans. In three years $3 000
lollafte f these obligations have bea
aanoelled, and by the Irst of January but
I comparatively small amount will be left
unpaid. On account of those debts it can
a ver readily understood that the value
if sehot warrants must have been greatly
educed. In some instancesthey were as
ow as from forty to fifty cents on the
Dollar, while now they stand vary nearly
t par.
S-Inaddition, it may be stated that tie
average school term has been longer; that
- larger percentage of the school popular,
ion has been enrolled, and that better
[alified and more efficient teachers have
een employed. -
Recently we have heard the charge that
Though tle. present
noreased the number of schools it has add
d nothing to thaumaber of school bUtid-
ngs. AsB this, i,ay be statedthatthe
lumber -e .Lt.ool-housee give^ by. Mr.
licks as bu~iitin the State jrng t.h la
'ear embroaq4in his report Mws tyr4aee
-a larger nmeAPrt tu in any preedim'
,ear. During the fist three years ot Demn-
,cratic rul the number built was two~-n-
Ired and4 tWenteigat, making an average
if sevenys for each year. In this con- may be state that tle IVincoln
eademy, at Illabhasee, and the Doag-
assAcademy, at Key West, tLe two build-
ngs for which the Republicans give
elves so much credit, were built wita b
oed money, which the present adminiu
ration has been forced to pay. Pour thon-
and dollars were still left unpaid on the
ineoln Academy when the present County
schooll Board assumed management, and

it is undertood that of.tke S600 ofia:
debtawae owed by the Sho6 Bowd of
ogrou o county, the $3,500 'astioned as
borrowed money was for the constrtion
of the' ouglts Academy. Thus the Re-
pu8lioam ld tae to themnsels credit
for work for 'hiw h Democrati school
boardsoiave had to pay. .
These steatonts arenade up from reo-
ordt in 4e Pepastment of Education, and
a be elied on. Do they not prdvaGen-
a dlIitvh to be an Ignorant twaddler,
who seeks to, deoeive-lhe people and not
instret them as to the true faotaoonnect-
ed with the' school question ? "
As a matter of general interest we will.
add that during the last six years, begin-
ning-with 1874 an& ending with 1 8I the
pie~.0f this State have been asse in
taen $870,203 for public school, or an
avrlge of over $145,000 a year, on less
than 131,00,000 of taxable property, and
it will be no exaggeration to say that at
the lowest estimate threefotuths of that
aseessment has been made oh property
owned by Demoorats. We will add fur-
ther, that in the "black belt," where the
Republicans receive their greatest vote
ad -where they contribute the least to the
support ofP the schools, the bulk of the
schooltaxes is expended forth benefit of
the eplored people.
frs U M ackavni6Ue TIsaw*. (in4.O) sept. T.)
S. Wlt a Wi Watkt IWcks.
A man occupying the position of editor
of Patwspape4 who piblishes the idiote
utteraeneqofevery political mouptebank
of hii political way of tiunklin, with jhi
eadoseieunt, a".wIihoat inquiring into
the trt amuth abiO of the aStaments made,
is utterunf it for thb position he ocon-
pie, except for purposef.poltical pros-
If a journal desire to publish the truth
concerning politiat or other public mat-
ters, tere is no dtfliculty whatever in as
certaiing it, and while the truth may be
sometimes inplaea ant to hear or read, ya
irhas one great advantage-it can nev -
be secoemfully refuted.
If the editor -of the Rockland, (Me.)



aee ftde bad one spark of political hoe
efty it Ais composition, hoe would hav
beatated before publishing t statement
made to hi, by one William Wals
Hiaks, formerly a resident of St. J~fo'
county, and at present A the eNaploylaea
of the National Republican Committee a
a stump orator.
An utter stranger, for the time bei
calls hipnself a Republican, enters the Stat
of Maine in the capacity of a campaign
speaker, he harangues the people, and b
Sthe course of his remarks he publicly state
that seventy persons have behn murdered
on account of the political opinions of th<
victim, (and this, too, in one of the'moea
imll mt counties in Florida, r oo"es
with a Republican majority,) end withon
troubling himself about the particularse
but simply upon the bare statement of a
Said stump speaker.
|A fair-minded man, engagedin conduct.
ing the-editorial columns of an ordinary
partisan paper, would have instituted some
inquiry into the facts, and he would hav
found, upon' information satisfactory to
him, .
1st. That from the close of the war up
to the present day there has not bee a
single political -murdr committed wit
the limits of the county of 8t. Jooh%
where Mr. Hicks has resided since $1t
Democrats obtained control of the Staie
id 1876.
2d. That the neighbors' of Mr. Hicks
are nearly all Southern men and ex-rb
like himself, men who are manifee
- their kindness in a 1efibati hner no
only in the snshnie bf lifbu1in th
dark hour, of afflition ad sorrow,
this, too, when Mr. Hicks was engaged i
opposing these very people.
3d. He would have found that the, prop-
erty which was destroyed by fire, and
which Mr. Hicks alleges was the work of
an incendiary, was covered by an insur-
ance to the amount of four ties its value,
and was in'charge of a colored man who.
does not share in Mr. Hicks' opinions a,
to the cause of the fire.

C 4th. He would have found that Ae al
Sleged valuale contents e of the hou
* wapsu ed ob 'vtheq(o cail lry,
Sponwih Mr. HOWs on
s appaoe df a 7b.btS7g1,idalthbte
tI the insurane adjuster made a careful e
Sammlstion of thq premises after the fire,
he failed to diacover;amnog'&e d~eri.s
auig work on theology, or a uable
t bok of any kind, but dt id
e obarrpd remains of uchvalWable w as
i gichural report 1hei441
o volume, reports of Ku-Ktx cominiee
aind oqter works of equal.value. .
Sthb.. Hewo AV# have foundt e
ly difficult, without the aid of ly
ei fl microseooto discover the ma
t political voleapce upon the person 9

S4th. He would J"te found thatin i87
Mr. Hick was a neof the most violent
o essienists in Mfe South, and express
Shiapelf rather freely upon thiesubjeot
Yankees, in his offieal capacity as editor
Sof a magazine eallemthe 1V'neset
tury published at Charlesson, S. U.,*
tracts of which can be furnished on ap
' pliation. '
That in 1674 Mr. Hicks, then a minister
of the Southern Methodist OChurel wa
elected as a Democrat A member of th
Florida Legislature, asd-b4at he
with the 'Vemoorats until be j4 ot
body and soul, to the Republi ~iw ftr
atapto of State p te
Pbli' IaIstruotion, and firom
|beuime the inost bittr partisan u thb
8tstp of Florida
Al thebe things he would babh diooi-
end, not from the testimony o Southen
Demoerats, but from the i@mpeaM bble
-ridenoe of Republieans fiiate e o r
maine I'nd other Niw EIaglud te,
fwo have residr t here 'inceb. s as,
had the pleasure of attending in his vitid
If Mn Hicks did not' makd th'state-
ment attribiied to him, the editeq of the
ree *~ew hia done him a great inst
--to some extent-but if e id, he is
guilty of a gieit crime agat the whoe
community-a community among whom
he has lived and prospered for fears.