Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Domestic animals
 Small animals
 Wild animals
 Game animals
 Small birds
 Large birds
 Back Cover

Title: Pictures & stories from natural history
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00055023/00001
 Material Information
Title: Pictures & stories from natural history
Alternate Title: Pictures and stories from natural history
Physical Description: 1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: McLoughlin Bros., inc ( Publisher )
Publisher: McLoughlin Bro's
Place of Publication: New York
Publication Date: c1886
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1886
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00055023
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002224569
notis - ALG4835
oclc - 67837457

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Title 1
        Title 2
    Domestic animals
        Page 1
        Mrs. Cat and her three kittens
            Page 2
            Page 3
        Faithful Carlo
            Page 4
            Page 5
        Lady B., and her colt
            Page 6
        The doctor's horse
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
        A cow and calf
            Page 10
            Page 11
        Sheep and goats
            Page 12
            Page 13
        Pigs and poultry
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
    Small animals
        Page 17
        Apes and monkeys
            Page 18
            Page 19
        Wolves and weasels
            Page 20
            Page 21
        A lot of wild cats
            Page 22
        Curious quadrupeds
            Page 23
            Page 24
        An Australian group
            Page 25
            Page 26
        Swift and slow
            Page 27
    Wild animals
        Page 28
        Beasts of prey
            Page 29
            Page 30
        Hippopotamus and antelope
            Page 31
            Page 32
        The brown bear at home
            Page 33
        The great white bear
            Page 34
        Asiatic elephant, and Bengal tiger
            Page 35
            Page 36
        African curiosities
            Page 37
            Page 38
    Game animals
        Page 39
        Natives of the prairie
            Page 40
            Page 41
        Moose, or elk
            Page 42
            Page 43
        The wild boar
            Page 44
        The red fox
            Page 45
        The brindled gnu
            Page 46
            Page 47
        Rocky mountain sheep
            Page 48
            Page 49
    Small birds
        Page 50
        Sweet singing birds
            Page 51
            Page 52
        Warblers and wagtails
            Page 53
            Page 54
        Thieves in feathers
            Page 55
        Birds of paradise
            Page 56
        The lyre bird and others
            Page 57
            Page 58
        Weavers and warblers
            Page 59
            Page 60
    Large birds
        Page 61
        Ducks and swans
            Page 62
            Page 63
        Web-footed birds
            Page 64
            Page 65
        Birds of prey
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
            Page 69
        Parrots and their cousins
            Page 70
            Page 71
        Running birds
            Page 72
            Page 73
        Long-legs and queer-bills
            Page 74
            Page 75
    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
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MRS. CAT lived in a large house of as I am of oysters! Me-a-ow! I
where she was much thought of. She don't want to steal-but it is cruel to
roamed all over the house during the tempt me in this way! Me-a-ow!"
day-time-"up-stairs, down-stairs and in So Muff had a good fat oyster given
my lady's chamber"-and knew just to her, and the cook praised her, and
where to find the softest cushions, and said she was the best Cat that ever lived.
the snuggest corners to lie down in. After a while Muff had three little
At night she was shut in the kitchen, kittens, one pure white, and the others
where she slept with one eye open. dark gray, and it was fun to see her
Her fur coat was streaked like a young frolic and play with them. And, oh!
tiger's, and at times she would flash a how she would box their cars, and spit
green and'yellow light from her eyes, at them when they would not mind, and
that made her look like a fierce and were very naughty!
savage beast; but she was really a Sometimes Muff would sit and purr,
very gentle creature. Her pet name with PINKY, POSy, and BLANCHE-i nest-
was "Muff," and when she was called ling closely up to her, and listening
she would answer Me-e-ow! as with all their ears to the stories she was
nicely as any one. telling of the brave deeds she did
Muff had a good temper, and always when she was young.
meant to do just what was right. If But you should have seen Muff chase
she did wrong it was because she knew a mouse or a rat! That was what
no better; for she was only a Cat. She she was kept in the kitchen for, and she
was very fond of oysters, and one day knew it. No other mouse or rat-trap
the cook went out of the room and left was needed. And, oh, how the kittens
some fine large oysters spread out on a watched her, and waited for their por-
board. She was going to fry them, tion! And how often they dreamed of
and had forgotten that Muff was any- catching mice themselves, and being
where around. When she came back highly praised for it! Mrs. Cat is very
there was Muff clawing away at the leg proud of her kittens, and has taught
of the table on which the oysters were, them so many nice little ways, that they
(not one of which she had touched,) are sure to do her great credit when
and saying as plainly as cat ever spoke: they are grown up.
" I wish you would not leave me alone Kittens that are petted too much
in the room with anything I am so fond never become very great mousers.

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CARLO is the name of a splendid Did you ever hear of such a knowing
Newfoundland dog, that lives in the dog?
country, and has a nice large kennel to One morning Carlo's master said,
sleep in. He is an excellent watch-dog, partly to himself, I must have left my
and allows no one to come near his mas- cane at Mr. Carter's, last evening. I
ter's house who has no business there, don't see anything of it, and can't imag-
He seems to know friends from foes, ine where else it can be." Carlo was on
and understands every word that any the piazza, by the hall-door, and imme-
one says in his hearing, diately got up and darted off in the
One summer Carlo's master and mis- direction of Mr. Carter's. Arrived there,
tress went away on a visit, and as the he went around the house, and, finding
house was to be closed, the dog was no door open, barked loudly to be let in.
left with a friend, a Mr. Raynor, who "Why, that's Carlo!" said Mr. Carter.
lived about four miles off. Here he "What can he want?" Carlo pushed
was well-fed, and petted, and seemed by as the door swung open, made his
to be quite contented. One day, at the way into the sitting-room, seized his
end of a few weeks, Mr. Raynor told master's cane, and trotted off home with
his wife that he had heard that Carlo's it as fast as he could go.
master would be at home that evening. To cool himself off he plunged into a
Carlo heard the remark, and wagged small stream that ran near his home,
his tail with delight. After dinner he but was careful not to let go of the cane,
disappeared, and no one knew what had which he held tightly in his mouth.
become of him. The Raynors hunted His master was wonderfully pleased
for him high and low, and were in great when Carlo presented him with the
fear that some accident had happened missing cane, and called' him good
to him. They made up their minds dog," "noble fellow," and made Carlo
that they would go to the cars and meet feel so proud that he nearly wagged his
Carlo's master and mistress, and tell tail off. Carlo can do an errand as
them what had taken place, and then nicely as any one, and more than once
drive all around the village in search of has saved his master's little boy from
the missing dog. drowning. That is why he is thought
When the Raynors drove up to the so much of, and he is so intelligent that
station, there sat Carlo, as large as life, he seems almost human.
waiting for the train Good, faithful, Carlo!


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LADY B., was a magnificent crea- were out together there was a sound of
ture, and had won much praise, and rushing wheels and along came a light
was known far and near as the queen wagon drawn by a coal-black steed.
of the race-track. As they went by Lady B., gave a snort
Lady B., came of a fine breed of and a whinny, as much as to say, "A
horses; her sire and dam, as a horse's pretty good gait! I'm proud of my
father and mother are called, were both son!"; and her driver looking over his
famous in their day, and she felt a pride shoulder exclaimed, "Why, I believe
in showing off her own powers, and in that was the Black Prince there is so
training her young colts to use their much talk about!" and it was.
limbs as gracefully as she did. Horses are very useful to man and
Away over the fields she and the ought always to be kindly treated.
Black Prince would scour; the whistle Boys should never play tricks on them,
from a passing engine making the colt or scare them in any way, for this
prick up his ears and tail, and fly as makes them skittish and unsafe to ride
fast as his small legs could carry him. or drive, and many first-rate horses
It was splendid exercise, and kept both have been spoiled by being teased and
Lady B., and her colt in good health; tormented by thoughtless young folks.
and every day the Black Prince grew
taller, and stronger, and people came
from far and near to admire the prom-
ising young creature. The doctor's horse was a light sorrel,
There came a time when Lady B. with here and there a splash of white.
was of no use on the race-track. And It was known by everybody in the vil-
then what became of her ? Was she lage, and was a patient and trustworthy
harnessed to a coal-cart, or a street car ? animal. Many and many a dark night
Oh, no indeed! That would have been had Dobbin been driven at break-neck
too degrading. Her owner gave her to speed over the rough roads, and down
a friend, who is very fond of her and the long lanes of the country village;
sees that she has the best of care. and many a long hour had he patiently
Sometimes he drives her through the stood, waiting for his master to come
Park before a light wagon, but never out and take the homeward track.
urges her to go at her full speed, for The doctor had a little daughter,
she is getting old. Once when they named Helen. She was seven years


LADY B., was a magnificent crea- were out together there was a sound of
ture, and had won much praise, and rushing wheels and along came a light
was known far and near as the queen wagon drawn by a coal-black steed.
of the race-track. As they went by Lady B., gave a snort
Lady B., came of a fine breed of and a whinny, as much as to say, "A
horses; her sire and dam, as a horse's pretty good gait! I'm proud of my
father and mother are called, were both son!"; and her driver looking over his
famous in their day, and she felt a pride shoulder exclaimed, "Why, I believe
in showing off her own powers, and in that was the Black Prince there is so
training her young colts to use their much talk about!" and it was.
limbs as gracefully as she did. Horses are very useful to man and
Away over the fields she and the ought always to be kindly treated.
Black Prince would scour; the whistle Boys should never play tricks on them,
from a passing engine making the colt or scare them in any way, for this
prick up his ears and tail, and fly as makes them skittish and unsafe to ride
fast as his small legs could carry him. or drive, and many first-rate horses
It was splendid exercise, and kept both have been spoiled by being teased and
Lady B., and her colt in good health; tormented by thoughtless young folks.
and every day the Black Prince grew
taller, and stronger, and people came
from far and near to admire the prom-
ising young creature. The doctor's horse was a light sorrel,
There came a time when Lady B. with here and there a splash of white.
was of no use on the race-track. And It was known by everybody in the vil-
then what became of her ? Was she lage, and was a patient and trustworthy
harnessed to a coal-cart, or a street car ? animal. Many and many a dark night
Oh, no indeed! That would have been had Dobbin been driven at break-neck
too degrading. Her owner gave her to speed over the rough roads, and down
a friend, who is very fond of her and the long lanes of the country village;
sees that she has the best of care. and many a long hour had he patiently
Sometimes he drives her through the stood, waiting for his master to come
Park before a light wagon, but never out and take the homeward track.
urges her to go at her full speed, for The doctor had a little daughter,
she is getting old. Once when they named Helen. She was seven years


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old, and a very delicate little creature. As the runaway drew near the vil-
Helen loved dearly to sit beside her lage, the blacksmith ran out of his
papa in the light wagon, or buggy, as shop, saw what was the matter, and
it is called, and was very happy when planting himself in the middle of the
allowed to take the reins in her own road seized the doctor's horse by the
hands, head and brought him to a full stop.
One day the doctor had a call to And what of little Helen? You will
make, about two miles from his own think, of course, that she was scared
home, and as it was a bright day he almost to death, and had a good cry
told Helen she might go along for when she found she was safe. Not at
company. And good company she all. She seemed to think it was all
was too. Well, they jogged along right, and showed not the least sign of
nicely together, and when they reached fear; but the doctor made up his mind
the house where the sick person was, not to trust his little girl alone in a
the doctor got out and left Helen in the buggy again behind any kind of a
buggy, with Dobbin's nose pointed to- horse. Dobbin is in disgrace now, and
ward home. Something must have goes along with his head down, as if he
ailed the horse that day, for hardly had knew the folks were pointing at him
the doctor entered the gate when the and saying, That's the doctor's horse!
animal stretched its neck and started off Yes, that's the one that ran away with
down the road. little Helen. Wasn't it a shame ? She
The doctor screamed to Helen, ."Hold might have been killed!" And Dobbin
on to the reins, and stick to the bug- looks both ashamed and sorry.
gy!" as he saw the horse dash ahead
with his precious child, and felt himself BUCEPHALUS.
poiverless to save her. Away! away! There was once a great king who
as fast as he could gallop, went Dobbin was fond of fine horses, and fond of
over the rail-road track, and past the going to war. This king's name was
cross-roads, raising such a dust that Philip, and he had a young son named
people ran to their windows to see what Alexander.
was the matter. Alexander was a brave boy, and wise
"Oh, its the doctor's horse!" they beyond his years. He had a strong
said, and wondered who could be so desire to do great things, and did not
sick that he had to travel at that rate of act like a child at all. When great
speed. men arrived during his father's absence,


Alexander would receive them, and was "If you should not be able to ride
so polite, and showed such good sense, him, what forfeit will you pay for your
that they were all amazed, and knew not rashness ? "
which to envy most, the father or the son. "I will pay the price of the horse,"
When word was brought that Philip was Alexander's reply.
had won a great battle, instead of being At this all the company laughed;
filled with joy, the young prince would but the king, agreeing to the bargain,
grieve, and say to his companions, Alexander ran to the horse, and laying
"My father will leave no great deeds hold of the bridle turned his face toward
for you and me to do!" the sun. He had noticed, it seems, that
One day a horse, named Bucephalus, the horse was greatly disturbed by his
was offered for sale to King Philip, and own shadow, which kept moving as he
he and the prince went out in the field moved.
to see him. The horse seemed to have While his fierceness and fury lasted,
a violent temper, and would allow no the young prince softly spoke to him
one to mount him or come near him. and stroked him, then gently dropped
He would turn fiercely on the grooms his mantle and leaped lightly on his
when they spoke to him, and showed back, where he was soon seated firmly
so many vicious traits, that Philip was and safely. Then, without pulling the
quite displeased at their bringing him reins too hard or using either whip
such a wild horse that no one could or spur, he set Bucephalus a-going.
manage. "Take him away," said the Finding that he wanted only to run he
king "I have no use for him." put him at a full gallop and urged him
Alexander, who had been looking on, on with voice and spur.
said with a sigh, "What a splendid Philip and all the court were in great
horse they are losing for want of skill distress at first, and feared the young
and spirit to manage him!'" prince would be killed, but when Alex-
Philip at first took no notice of his ander turned the horse and brought
son's remark, but as the prince kept re- him back to the place he started from,
eating it, he said, "Young man, you they all received him with great ap-
find fault with your elders as if you plause. The king wept for joy, and
knew more than they, or could manage kissing him said, Seek another king-
the horse better." dom, my son! M Macedonia is too
"And I certainly could," said the small for thee!"




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DAISY was a pet Cow, and so kind intruder with a world of meaning in her
and gentle that any one could milk her. eyes. It seemed as if she said, "You
She was never known to kick over the had better keep away if you don't want
pail but once, and that was in fly-time, to be tossed up in the air. That is what
and no one had the heart to blame her. these horns are for."
And such rich milk as she gave! And When Bossy had to be taken away
so much of it! Why, all the sick babies from her mother, Daisy moaned for
were fed on it, and old Mrs. Dean had several days and nights, and was very
to have a glass of it every morning, and unhappy; but after awhile she became
all the farmers round-about wished they used to it, and was the same gentle,
had half a dozen cows just like Daisy. motherly Cow she had always been.
When the other cows were turned out She was such a proud Cow, however,
to pasture they would eat anything that that unless she could go first into the
came in their way-onions, turnips, and yard she would not go at all, but would
sometimes bitter weeds-while Daisy turn away and sulk outside. Once or
would pick and choose, and nibble only twice the rest of the cows got ahead of
the tender grass and bits of clover, and her, and when the maid undertook to
carrot tops, and such food as she knew drive Daisy in, she held back and,
would give her milk a nice sweet taste. though not ugly, was very firm. Then
Daisy had always had the best of the other cows were driven out, and
care, and the best of food, and nice fresh Daisy walked in with a stately air,
water with which to quench her thirst, while the rest meekly followed in her
In the summer she roamed about the train. To save time and trouble Daisy
large green fields, and in the winter she was ever afterwards allowed to take the
had a warm barn to stay in, and a soft lead, and it was quite amusing to watch
clean bed of hay to sleep on. Oh, she her and her companions.
knew when she was well off! Some cows give richer milk than
You should have seen how proud others, even though they may be fed
Daisy was when she had a little Calf of from the same pasture. They should
her own. And so jealous Just like a always be treated kindly, and never
hen with one chicken! If any one came teased or tormented in any way. It is
near, Bossy would run straight to her a pretty sight to see them feeding on
mother, and Daisy would stretch her the grassy plains, or lying under the
head over Bossy's back and gaze at the shade of the wide-spreading trees.


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A BABY SHEEP is called a Lamb. A if one should fall into a ditch the rest
baby Goat is called a Kid. Did you would be sure to follow. That is why
ever have a pet lamb to play with ? they need a shepherd to guide them.
Jennie did. It was the dearest little A large flock of sheep was being driv-
thing you ever saw. Its fleece was en through a village, when it met about
white and soft, and it followed Jennie a dozen coming the other way. The
wherever she went, and cried "Ba-a-a!" drivers of the small flock drove their
whenever it lost sight of her. Jennie few sheep to one side of the road, and
made a great pet of it all summer long. stood around them until the large flock
It had a big bow of blue ribbon on its should have passed. One of them,
neck, and was really a very pretty play- however, forced its way between the
mate. She cried at parting with the legs of the men, and sprang into the
lamb when she had to return to the city, midst of the other flock, in which it
and begged her father and mother to seemed completely lost. The drivers
let her bring it home, and keep it in her ran to and fro, and tried in every way
own room. to get back their sheep, but at last
This could not be thought of, and the were so worn out that they had to give
parting between Jennie and her pet up the chase. The head driver of the
was a very sad one. The next summer, large flock gave the word to his dog,
when the little girl went to the farm, and he soon singled out the runaway,
her first question was, "Where is my seized it by the loose skin of the neck,
lamb?" and she was quite disappointed bore it to the ground, and held it fast
that her woolly friend had not run up until the drivers came up and secured it.
to meet her. Alas! her pet lamb had God made the sheep to furnish man
become an old sheep, and had forgotten with food. The flesh of the young is
all about the little girl. called lamb; that of the old mutton,
Perhaps it was just as well, for it Goats love to roam about the rocks,
would have made Jennie's heart ache and to stand on high places. They will
worse than it did when she saw Peter also run nicely in harness, and are very
driving a flock of sheep to market, had fond of the company of horses. The
she known that her pet was on its way flesh of goats, or kids, is seldom eaten;
to be killed, but goat's milk is much used, and is
Sheep are so very heedless that they thought to be the best kind of food for
cannot be trusted in places of danger, for sick folks and young children.

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PIGS do nothing but eat and sleep. Sometimes there would be a great
It is no wonder they get so fat that they noise in the poultry-yard, and the hens
almost burst their skins, and can hardly and chickens would fly around, and flut-
waddle about on their short legs. er their wings, and squawk! squawk!
A bird that had its house near the squawk! ever so loudly. If one of the
straw-stack, made it known all over the hens laid an egg she made as great a
farm-yard that there was to be a great fuss as if she thought no other hen was
Fair, where prizes were to be given; this quite so smart. And the turkeys said,
had set the Pigs and Poultry by the ears. Gobble gobble gobble You
"We are admired for our size," said ought to see our eggs!" And the
one pig to another, "so let us eat all we geese and ducks clapped their yellow
can, and make hogs of ourselves." And bills and laughed with scorn. They
they got so fat they could hardly see out knew where there were eggs three or
of their eyes. four times as large as could be found
"There is no bird equal to me!" said in any hen's nest. Dear me, yes! But
the turkey-gobbler, as he spread his tail folks did not seem to care much about
and strutted, up and down till he was eating them; they had such a strong
purple in the face. taste.
"No, indeed," said the hen-turkey, The poultry liked to keep on good
stepping gingerly beside him. "Your terms with the pigs, as they often seized
feathers shine like satin, and you have nice tid-bits out of the trough from
the air of an emperor." which the latter were fed, and in this way
"Tut! tut!" says an old hen. "Just grew fat and were in fine feather.
look at old fuss-and-feathers!" At this Well, the Fair was a great success,
Chanticleer crowed in fine style, and and there were a number of prizes given
spread his tail feathers so that they out, but none of these received any;
looked like warriors' plumes. for there were bigger Pigs there, more
Along the road came a flock of geese, wonderful turkeys, larger roosters and
in single file, and they had something hens, and more remarkable geese. And
to say in their own praise. They were oh, dear me what a blow it was to their
white, and plump, and well-bchaved; pride to find out that there were others
and that was more than could be said in the world much more grand than
of the turkeys, the hens and roosters, or they could ever hope to be! Cluck!
even the Pigs. cluck! What luckl






No. I.-THE GREEN MONKEY is only styled the "wild man of the
the name given to certain of these four- woods." Its legs are short but strong,
handed creatures, that are found in great and it has long powerful arms which
abundance in their native forests, and are enable it to move from tree to tree with
frequently brought over to this country. ease and rapidity. It is a native of.
Their fur is black and brown; but the Asia, and when young is quite docile
black hairs have a blue shade, and the and affectionate; but an old Orang-
brown ones a light yellow, so that in outang is a hideous creature.
blending together they take on a green
hue which gives the Monkey its name. N. 5 E OT, or B AR
APE, is one of the best known of the
No. 2.-THE BABOON belongs to a monkey tribe, as it is better able to
group of monkeys that have heads like travel and to endure the changes of cli-
dogs. They walk on all fours, but sit mate. It is very gentle when young,
like monkeys, and are ugly in looks, and capable of being taught a number
have disagreeable tempers, and disgust- of monkey-tricks. It walks on all
ing manners. They are expert in fours, and looks very much like a dog,
climbing trees; and their powerful arms, and occasionally shows its teeth in a
long sharp teeth, and massive jaws, ferocious manner.
make them a foe that all other animals
Sg No. 6.-THE PAPION is another
are glad to shun.
one of the dog-headed baboons, and,
No. 3.-THE SIAMANG is a native though not particularly good-looking,
of the island of Sumatra, and is covered is less brutal than some'of the tribe.
with a thick coat of woolly black hair. It has quite a lengthy tail. The bab-
It has no tail, and its fingers are joined oons move in troops, the strong ones
together so that it cannot use its hands guarding the weak, and all under the
as cleverly as some of the other apes. charge of a powerful chief.
It is timid and rather good-natured, but
will defend itself bravely when attacked,
and is very devoted to its offspring, is a cross between a monkey and a cat.
and is very devoted to its offspring.
It is a native of Madagascar, and quite
No. 4.-THE ORANG-OUTANG is easily tamed. Its motions are lively,
a huge ape that bears so much resem- and it moves its tail about with wonder-
blance to human kind that it is com- ful grace.





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a member of the weasel family. The EARTH WOLF, is related to the hyenas
most valuable Sables are found in the and the civets. It has strong fore-feet
northern part of Asia, and they live in furnished with stout claws, with which
holes in the earth, or beneath the roots it scratches and digs deep burrows in
of trees. They are very courageous, the ground. Its hind legs are weak.
and will attack and destroy animals When angry it bristles up its mane, and
much larger than themselves, looks exceedingly fierce.
The fur of the Sable is of great
value, and hunters expose themselves No. 4.-THEI WOLF seems to partake
to great perils and privations in order of the nature of a lion, a dog, a hyena,
to obtain it, and often lose their lives and a cat. It is always hungry, and
in the wastes of snow where the Sable very bold in attacking its prey. It has
loves to dwell. It is so tender that the cruel teeth, and will not hesitate to eat
least mark of an arrow, or the ruffling even the members of its own family.
of the hair, spoils the sale of the skin. Wolves are found in almost every
Traps are laid, and nooses thrown, quarter of the globe, and though they
but not always with success, as the ani- may differ in outward appearance, they
mal is exceedingly cautious and not are alike fierce and blood-thirsty.
easily captured. As the Sable burrows When caught, they are most cowardly.
like a weasel, and climbs like a cat,
and is a very blood-thirsty creature, it No. 5.-THE HUNTING DOG, or
makes sad havoc among the rabbits WILD HOUND, is a native of the Cape
and hares, and as often as possible adds of Good Hope, and seems to be a link
a bird to its bill of fare. between the dogs and hyenas. It has a
keen scent, and seldom misses its prey.
No. 2.-THE CIVET is a native of Whole packs of these Hunting Dogs
northern Africa and resembles both a start off by themselves in pursuit of
weasel and a wolf. It is prized on ac- game, or to rob the cattle-pens and
count of its scent-pouch," from which sheep-folds, and do a great amount of
is extracted a valuable perfume similar to damage in a single night. If they can-
musk. It has sharp teeth, strong jaws, not secure a whole ox they will bite off
and is a dangerous animal to handle, its tail, and leave the poor creature at
WVhen angry it gives fierce growls. the mercy of the flies.

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No. I.-THE PAMPAS CAT-or of the cat, and leaps or bounds in the
JUNGLE CAT, as it is sometimes called- same manner. It lives by hunting, and
is found in South America, and might often follows to the tops of the tallest
easily be mistaken for a domestic cat trees the wild cats, martens, ermines,
which had grown savage by being squirrels, and birds, which form its cus-
allowed to run at large. It frequents tomary prey. It also watches the
the jungles, and lives upon rats; and is approach of deer, goats, hares, and other
said not to be so fond of poultry as some animals, and drops down on them from
tame cats are. the branches of the trees where it con-
ceals itself. It frequently digs under
No. 2.-THE MARGAY, or TIGER the doors to gain admission to the sheep-
CAT, has a beautifully marked body folds, and when pressed by hunger will
and long bushy tail. When caught prey even on its own species.
young, and well treated, it becomes quite The Lynx is so quick of sight, and
docile and affectionate, and has been can see its prey at such a great distance,
known to do good service in ridding that ignorant people used to imagine it
houses of rats and mice. could see through stone walls, and other
opaque bodies.
No. 3.-THE EUROPEAN LYNX is The howl of the common Lynx is
a fine specimen of a Wild Cat, and is similar to that of the wolf. When
noted for the sharpness of its sight. It attacked by a dog, it lies down on its
is much sought after by hunters, on ac- back, and strikes so desperately with its
count of its fur, for which there is claws, that it often succeeds in driving
always a great demand, off its assailant.
Other varieties of the Lynx are found
in Asia, Africa, and America, each more No. 4.-THE OUNCE bears so close
or less distinguished according to the a resemblance to the leopard, that by
length and color of its fur. It is a timid many it is thought to belong to the
creature, and makes but slight resist- same family. But although the markings
ance when brought to bay by the are somewhat similar, there are certain
hunter; for though, like the cat, it spits points of difference which students of
and erects the hair on its back, it is Natural History are quick to observe.
easily destroyed with a slender stick. Its hair is rougher and longer than the
The Lynx has the soft stealthy walk leopard's, and it has. a much bushier


No. I.-THE KINKAJOU, OR HONEY covering. Its tail is furnished with
BEAR, is a native of South America. strong quills, and it makes good use of
It has a long pointed tongue, which it it when attacked.
thrusts into the bee-cells and extracts the
sweets that are stored therein. It uses No. 4.-THE BEAVER is found in
its tail as well as its claws in grasping Europe, Asia, and North America, and
the trees, and often hangs suspended is regarded as a most wonderful civil
with its head downward. Though engineer. The Beavers build dams
rather fierce in its wild state, it is easily that are marvels of skill and ingenuity;
tamed and becomes a sportive pet. and the lodges in which they dwell, are
conveniently and curiously constructed.
No. 2.-THE PORCUPINE is cov- They feed on bark, roots, and plants
ered, the whole length of its body, with that grow in or near the water, and in
bristling quills, which it uses to defend the summer season lay in a large stock
itself when attacked. When taken by of wood to last them through the winter.
surprise it will curl itself into a ball, The young Beavers are very playful,
and look like an immense pin-cushion and their cry is like that of a child. A
with points uppermost. By depressing gentleman came upon a party of young
its quills it manages to crawl through Beavers, and prepared to fire on them.
a small hole; and when it walks its As he drew near, their pretty gestures
strange armor rattles in a peculiar man- and sportive ways reminded him so
ner. This kind of Porcupine is found much of his own children that he did
in Africa, Southern Europe, and India. not have the heart to shoot them.
It lives on bark, fruit and roots, and on
the vegetables which it digs out of the No. 5.-THE MUSK RAT is a native
ground. of North America. It usually makes
its home on the bank of a river, or in a
No. 3.-THE CANADIAN PORCU- marshy place, but will occasionally bur-
PINE is a native of North America, row under a vegetable garden, and
and somewhat resembles a young bear. destroy all the plants by cutting off their
As it lives chiefly on bark, it is very roots. Traps are set to destroy the
destructive to trees, up which it climbs Musk Rat and to secure its fur, which
to the tip-top and strips entirely of their is very valuable.

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No. I.-THE KOALA, a native of which its young are placed as soon as
Australia, is a curious kind of a bear, they are born, and where they remain
with odd-shaped ears. It clings to until able to take care of themselves.
trees like the sloth, and' carries 'its Its hind legs are exceedingly long, and
young in a pouch like the kangaroo. its fore feet ridiculously short.
When the cubs are old enough they The head and eyes of the Kangaroo
ride on their mother's back, and keep a somewhat resemble the gazelle; and
firm hold with their hand-like paws. the young female Kangaroo runs with
such speed, and, like the deer, looks
No. 2.-MERIAN'S OPPOSSUM is back so frequently, that huntsmen call
a native of Surinam. It has no pouch, her the flying doe."
so the young ones have to be borne on
the back of their mother, where they No. 6.-THE TASMANIAN, or Z.-
Sand fo i r further sfety BRA WOLF, was at one time the terror
cling tightly, and for further safety
twine their tails around hers which is of the white man, on account of its
arched for that purpose, depredations on the sheep-fold and hen-
roosts. The blood-thirsty creature was
No. 3.-THE SUGAR SQUIRREL is finally driven back to its haunts by the
a native of Australia. It is beautifully sea, which supplies it with food. It eats
marked, and very graceful in its move- mussels, crabs, dead seals and fish, and
ments. It sleeps during the day, and occasional secures a nice fat duck. It
is very lively and playful at night, and prowls around at night, and though it
fond of the society of its own species. has legs and head like a dog it has the
heart of a hyena.
is a native of Australia. It is easily No. 7. E TASMAN
tamed. r is a diabolical creature, and though
tamed. Its fur is very long and very
small in size is quite as much dreaded
harsh, and it waddles about like a great
fat bear. It burros deeply in the as the zebra wolf. It prowls on the
fat bear. It burrows deeply in the
sea-shore in search of food, and will
ground, and is more active at night sea-shore in search of food, and wi
Sdin t not hesitate to rob a hen-roost or
than during the day.
sheep-fold. It has strong teeth and
No. 5.-THE KANGAROO is a native powerful jaws, and is seldom worsted
of Australia, and a very curiously con- in a fight. It prefers darkness to light,
structed animal. It has a pouch in like all creatures whose deeds are evil.

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No. I.-THE AI, or THREE-TOED No. 3.-THE BETTONG, a native
SLOTH, is found only in the most of New South Wales, is something be-
gloomy forests of South America. It tween a kangaroo and a rabbit. It has
clings to its mother until it is able to very long hind-legs, and very short
cling to a tree, and there it spends fore-paws, which enable it to take flying
the rest of its life; not on top of the leaps over the fields and ridges. It
branches, like the squirrel and the sleeps all day, and works at night, and
monkey, but under them. It cannot is very ingenious in the construction of
stand or walk like other quadrupeds, its nest. It selects the grasses it needs,
but stretches out its long arms for makes them into a sheaf, then twists its
something to lay hold of, and trails tail around the bundle and bears it away
itself along in the slow and awkward with a hop, skip, and a jump.
manner that has won for it the name of
the Sloth." No. 4.-THE CHINCHILLA is a
.native of South America, and held in
There is a saying among the Indians native of South America, and held in
that when the wind blows the Sloth great esteem on account of its soft silky
fur. It belongs to the kangaroo family,
begins to travel, for then the branches fur. It belongs to the kangaroo family,
and when feeding sits on its hind feet,
of the trees are woven together and the
and carries the food to its mouth with
animal seizes hold of them and pursues
its journey. While in motion, it makes its fore feet, which are furnished with
its journey. While in motion, it makes
... hook-like claws. It is a cleanly little
a low plaintive cry, which sounds like
l, ro w i creature, and feeds wholly on roots and
AI, from whence it takes its name.

SQUIRREL is a native of India, HOG, is a native of South America. It
where it is found in large numbers. It is a great clumsy creature on the land,
is very prettily marked, and when at but is a good swimmer and diver, and
rest the soft folds of its thick fur almost flies at once to a stream when pursued
conceal its tiny paws. Though wing- by a real or imaginary foe. Its flesh is
handed, the Squirrel does not really eaten by man, and the jaguar is partic-
fly, but is supported in the air by the ularly fond of a Capybara dinner.
membrane, as it jumps from bough to When startled it makes a sound
bough. something between a bark and a grunt.



No. I.-THE SPOTTED HYENA, Lion's path, and are struck down by its
OR TIGER WOLF, is a fierce and blood- mighty paws.
thirsty animal. It lives in holes or The Lion is found in Africa, and in
among rocks, and when the sun goes parts of Asia. It is easily tamed when
down it sets off in search of food, and taken young, but is always a dangerous
no sheep-fold or cattle-pen is safe from pet, as a slight taste of blood will create
its intrusion. It is not above eating a thirst for more, and endanger the life
human flesh, and has been known to of its master.
enter the huts of the Kaffirs and to is a
No. 3.-THE JAGUAR, is a Leopard-
carry off and devour the young chil- le ,
like wild-cat, known in America as the
dren. WVhen under great excitement it
Panther. It was an inhabitant of the
performs some curious antics, and at
the same time gives forth an unearthly forests when this country was first dis-
the same time gives forth an unearthly .
S. covered, and as jealous of its rights as
laugh, on which account it is called the
So were the red men. Between the Indians
Laughing Hyena. It has three rows
and the wild-cat the poor settlers had a
of teeth, like the shark; and its tail is
f lith shar. a is til i terrible time, and thrilling tales are told
furnished with sharp darts like that of
the porcupine of unexpected encounters with the cruel
the porcupine.
"painter", as the animal was sometimes
No. 2.-THE LION, is the KING OF called. Its cat-like, stealthy tread pre-
BEIASTs, and the most distinguished vented its being heard until it was near
member of the Cat family. It is steal- enough to spring upon its unhappy
thy in its movements, quick to hear, victim, to whom a musket was but little
and swift to attack. The Lion creeps protection.
cautiously along in search of its prey, At dark it left the forests, and prowled
and when at the right place leaps out around the habitations of man, tore
upon the animal and strikes it to the open hen-roosts, broke into stables and
ground. If disappointed in obtaining killed the horses, and made but one
food, it puts its mouth to the ground meal of the contents of the pig-pen.
and roars most terrifically. This sound The only way to stop these depreda-
alarms all the other animals that may tions, was to kill off all the panthers, old
be crouching near, and drives them and young, and after awhile the settlers
from their lairs, and in their terror and succeeded in driving them beyond the
confusion many of them run across the borders of civilization.

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No. I.-THE HIPPOPOTAMUS, OR stant the enormous jaws appear above
SEA Cow, is a native of Western Afri- the water. In its rage the beast often
ca. It is a homely beast, with an enor- crunches the boat with its jaws, or shiv-
mously large mouth, and an exceedingly ers it to pieces with a kick from its hind
thick hide. It has a voracious appetite, foot.
and devours bushels of grass at a Then the men have to dive and swim
single meal. Its legs are so short and for their lives, and while the beast looks
its body so heavy that it makes a very for them on top of the water they, being
clumsy appearance when out of the below, escape its sight.
water. During the day it keeps close A baby Hippopotamus is a curious
to the river, but at night wanders forth looking creature, of a pinkish yellow
in herds, and does great damage to the color.
cultivated fields, by trampling down the
growing crops. The teeth of the Hip- No. 2.-THE ANTELOPE is a native
popotamus are whiter and more valua- of Africa. It is a very timid and grace-
ble than those of the elephant, and its ful creature, and wonderfully swift of
tough skin is used for a variety of pur- foot. It has handsomely shaped horns
poses. It has a most peculiar snort, and a beautifully tinted coat. Its food
which, when given in chorus, is calcu- consists of tender grass and young
lated to startle even the bravest, twigs, and it generally makes its home
The harpoon, with which the natives under the shade of tall trees. Antelopes
attack the Hippopotamus, ends in a flat move in herds, and are very careful to
oval-shaped piece of iron sharpened to have guards outside the main body to
a very fine edge. A long and strong warn them of approaching danger.
rope is fastened to this weapon, at the There are several varieties of Ante-
end of which is a piece of wood. lopes, but all have the same character-
Some Hippopotamus hunters go out istics: long horns, short tail, slender
in long light canoes, each manned limbs, and cloven hoofs.
by two men, and this sort of hunting Though somewhat resembling the
requires great skill, courage, and nerve, deer, they do not belong to that family,
The harpoon is thrown, the piece of but are more closely allied to the sheep
wood floats so that the course of the and goats.
beast can be known, and the men stand Deer shed their horns, but Antelopes
ready to dart another harpoon the in- do not.

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No. I.-THE BROWN BEAR is display great attachment for each other
found in Europe and Asia, and is the and are very affectionate toward human
most common of all Bears. It makes friends.
its home in caves in mountainous dis- Not many years ago it was quite a
tricts, and subsists chiefly on roots and common sight, even in the streets .of
vegetables, and the small limbs of young our large cities, to see a man with a
trees. It is very fond of ants, and also hand-organ leading a Brown Bear by a
of honey, and displays considerable in- stout chain, and occasionally halting to
genuity in securing these dainties. The give an out-door performance. Crowds
Bear is also very partial to ripe corn, and were collected-for a Bear is always
is not satisfied with a small allowance, a great curiosity-and much amuse-
but will sit on its haunches in a corn- ment was afforded by Bruin's curious
field and gather into its arms as much antics. One Bear was taught to waltz,
as it can hold, the ears of which it then and to hold a gun, and to go through
devours. A well-fed Brown Bear will the military drill with the precision of a
increase astonishingly in size and in soldier. It was funny to see the big
weight, and will live to a very great creature going through its tasks in such
age. a solemn way, evidently wondering
The Brown Bear, when captured what it was all about, and why the
young, is readily tamed and can be people should laugh so heartily at its
taught many accomplishments. It soon most graceful efforts.
learns to know and to follow its owner, As several persons had been hugged
and is a playful and affectionate corn- to death by these strange pets, a law
panion. The young Cubs are full of was passed that no more should be
comical antics, and play with each other brought to this country unless they
like young children. The Bear is a formed part of a menagerie, and a per-
good climber, a good swimmer, and a forming Bear would even now be some-
good digger. Late in the autumn it thing of a curiosity.
retires to its den, and remains in a torpid Although the Brown Bear prefers
state for at least three months, during roots and vegetables for its daily diet,
which time another little family is born. when pressed by hunger it will seize on
In January or February they leave their cattle, and also attack human beings.
winter quarters, and resume their sports On this account it is not safe for travel-
and pastimes in the sunshine. Bears ers to venture too near their haunts, or


No. I.-THE POLAR, OR WHITE As the Polar Bear is a native of a
BEAR, is an inhabitant of the Arctic cold climate, where ice and snow pre-
regions. It differs in shape from all vail the year round, we may imagine
other Bears, having a smaller head and how homesick it must be when kept in
longer neck. Its fur is white and captivity, and how it must suffer through
smooth, and its toes are joined together the hot summer days.
like those of ducks and geese, so that Bear's meat is a welcome addition to
it is as much at home in the water as it' the larder of Arctic explorers, who vary
is on the land. When on the land it their monotonous life by hunting and
can run a great deal faster than any fishing. The Polar Bear is a danger-
man. It feeds principally upon the seals ous animal to meet, and great caution
that make their home in the icy waters. has to be used in approaching it, as its
The Polar Bear mounts the hills of scent is very keen, and it will often turn
ice, or hummocks, to get a view of the and attack a human being without any
wide plain whereon a seal may be rest- reason. Even when seriously wounded
ing; or to snuff the air that lets it it will fight desperately with teeth and
know that the remains of a whale, or a claws till Death ends the struggle.
walrus, have been deserted by the fish- Sometimes a Polar Bear will get
ermen, and will make it an ample feast. adrift upon an ice-floe and be borne out
As the seal is very watchful, the Bear is to sea, and hundreds of miles away
not always successful in seizing its prey, from its own home. When it reaches
and sometimes has to go without food land it starts out at once to appease its
for several days. hunger, and sheep and cattle fall before
The following instance is given as its devouring way. The loss is soon
proof of the sagacity of the Bear. discovered, and the Bear is speedily
A seal that had come up out of the destroyed. Sometimes quite a number
water to breathe, lay on a cake of ice, of Polar Bears are thus brought to civ-
and was marked out by a Bear for its ilized shores, against their will, and
prey. The Bear, diving under the ice manage to do considerable damage be-
made its way toward the hole near the fore they are discovered and put to death.
seal. The seal, observing its approach, The Polar Bear, being very cunning
plunged into the water, and the Bear and wise, is not easily entrapped, al-
soon appeared on the ice with the seal though it displays no fear in approach-
in its mouth. ing the vessels of the whale fishers.

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No. I.-THE ELEPHANT is found furious eyes, and savage yells, that it
in both Asia and Africa. The Asiatic generally turns tail and beats an un-
Elephant has a longer head and smaller dignified retreat.
ears than its African relative, whose White Elephants are occasionally
ears are simply enormous. Elephants found in India, and are treated like
live in herds, and are always found in royal personages. They are decorated
deep forests near a stream of water, with costly gems, have magnificent
The most wonderful thing about an houses to live in, and are provided
Elephant is its long proboscis, or trunk, with silver eating-troughs.
with which it can pull down trees or
pick up small blades of grass. No. 2.-THEi BENGAL TIGER is a
Tame Elephants are sometimes most ferocious animal. It hides itself
made use of to capture the wild ones; in the tall grass so that it can scarcely
but when hunters want to catch a great be seen, and crawls stealthily along in
number of Elephants they corral them. pursuit of its victim, on whom it springs
A corral is a large place fenced round with deadly force.
with strong stakes. It has an open Its feet are furnished with hooked
ing for the Elephants to go in, but no claws as sharp as sickles, which cut
way in which they can get out. At deeply into the flesh, and with these
night the hunters surround the herd, weapons he can bring almost any foe
with lighted torches; they make loud to the ground. The natives have a
cries, and beat drums so that the Ele- great dread of the "man-eater," as
phants begin to run. And there is but they call the Tiger, and are paralyzed
one way for them to run, and that is with terror at its appearance. The na-
into the corral, tive horses are greatly excited when
The Asiatic Elephant is an intelligent they scent the Tiger's presence, or see
creature, and is made the servant and a bit of its skin, and manifest this fear
companion of man. It is made great use by kicking and plunging and flying in
of on State occasions, and is especially an opposite direction.
trained for tiger hunting. In spite of The Tiger is a cunning animal and
the training the Elephant has a great difficult to entrap. It can never be
dread of its tawny foe, and when wholly tamed, or trusted, and it is not
brought face to face with a living tiger, safe to make a companion of this, or
is so terrified by its fierce bounds, its any other savage beast.


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singular looking animal, with a horn PARD, is the tallest of quadrupeds. It is
on the end of its nose. This horn is from eighteen to twenty feet in height,
its only weapon of defence, and its and has a singular form, and an exceed-
strength and sharpness is shown by ingly long neck. It cannot graze on
the way in which it ploughs up the level ground, but lifts its head to gather
ground and cuts down bushes,-appa- the tender leaves from branches three
rently for sport. It has an extremely times as high as a tall man. The most
thick hide that hangs in folds over its beautiful part of its body is the head.
body, so that it has the appearance of The mouth is small; the eyes are bril-
being clad in armor. Between the folds liant and full. It is graceful in some of
of this thick skin, there is an under its motions, but most awkward in run-
skin, or cuticle, which is left bare, and ning, and when pursued will hide its
is quite soft. It has an upper lip like a head and kick furiously at the enemy.
horse, which it can extend to the dis- Its hind legs are so light and its blows
tance of six or seven inches from the so rapid that the eye cannot follow
nose, and draw it to a point so that it them. They are sufficient for its defence
somewhat resembles a tapir. This lip against the lion, and it never uses its
is soft and appears to be the chief seat horns in resisting any attack.
of feeling. With this instrument, which The Giraffe is a gentle, playful crea-
serves the same end as the trunk of the ture, and rather fond of admiration. Its
elephant, the animal can take up and hide is extremely thick, and is used for
grasp with great force the smallest sub- shoe-soles, shields, and similar purposes.
The Rhinoceros, frequents the river No. 3. -THE ZEBRA, OR WILD
banks, and enjoys wallowing in the HORSE, presents a striking appearance.
mud. It is very irritable in temper, and Its color is creamy white, marked with
when in a fit of rage, will dash at any regular black stripes all over its head,
animal that is near and kill it with a neck, body, and legs. It is a light and
blow from its horn. graceful animal, with slender legs and
Only the hardest kind of bullets can small hoofs. It has a stubborn dispo-
penetrate its thick skin, which is made sition, and is not easily tamed, and
into shields by the natives of both Asia makes its home in the mountainous
and Africa. districts of South Africa.



No. I.-THE BISON, OR BUFFALO, steady aim. The Bisons are very timid
is a species of wild Ox that is found animals and quick to take alarm, have
only in North America. Its long great powers of endurance, and are
shaggy mane .gives it a heavy and both swift and sure-footed.
sullen appearance, and it is rather a There is a certain bird that attaches
formidable creature to encounter. Im- itself to the Buffalo, and is found wher-
mense herds of them are found on the ever that animal exists. It is called by
prairies of the North-West, and they different names in different countries.
are the prey of both Indians and white In Africa it is known as the Red-billed-
men. Every part of a Buffalo is valu- weaver, and in some parts of America
able, and the meat is a necessity to the as the Red-billed-ox-biter.
inhabitants of that part of the country. It makes itself perfectly at home on
The Indian could not live without the the Buffalo's back, and industriously
Buffalo. He prepares the skin, and uses its bill in freeing it from the insects
makes out of it his fine robes and and worms that hide away in the folds
dresses, his tents, and everything else of its shaggy coat. It warns the Buf-
that is needed in an Indian village. falo when an enemy is near, and the
The Buffalo is a heavy creature and two appear to be on the best of terms.
cannot run as fast as the Indian's fleet
horse that once used to run wild on the
prairie found in great numbers on the Ameri-
e wy of h g t is t can prairies, and illustrates the fact that
One way of hunting the Buffalo is to
drive the herd to the edge of a precipice, "Great beasts have little beasts to bite them."
and close around it so there is but one It keeps close on the track of the Bisons
way of escape, and that is by a plunge and watches its chance to bring one
into the valley below. Hundreds are of these great creatures to the ground.
killed annually by this method of whole- These wolves care more for Buffalo
sale slaughtering, and sometimes whole meat than they do for human flesh, and
herds are destroyed. Another, and less packs of them accompany hunting par-
cruel way, is for the hunter to chase the ties, and hang on the outskirts of the
Bisons and shoot them at full speed, camps, in order to secure that portion of
.It is very exciting, and requires a good the huge carcass which is left for them
rider, a good horse, a true eye, and to devour.

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No. i.-THE MOOSE, OR ELK, is the the North Pole, where there is ice and
largest member of the Deer family, and snow the year round. It escapes to
inhabits the snowy regions of Northern this region in order to get rid of the
Europe and America. Its horns, or troublesome flies and insects that are
antlers, are very large and very heavy- found in the forests, and is very useful
one specimen was found to weigh eighty- to the Laplanders, and serves them both
one pounds-and one would think they as horse and cow. It furnishes them
would be greatly in the animal's way. with food and clothes, and is their only
But they are not, for the Elk draws wealth.
them backward so that they seem to The man who owns a herd of Rein-
serve as wings to increase the swiftness deer-a thousand or more-is regarded
of its flight. The flesh, skin and horns as very rich indeed, and is looked up to
of the Elk are in such demand that the by those who possess only a few hundred
animal is much sought after by hunters. of these animals. It is taught to draw
It is easily alarmed, and remarkably sledges, and to carry burdens on its
keen of scent, as well as swift-footed, back; and its powers of endurance are
and when closely pursued will use its so great that it can travel many hours
horns and its hoofs against an enemy. without showing any signs of weariness.
The gait of the Elk is exceedingly It lives wholly upon a species of moss
awkward, and its hoofs are so con- that is found under the frozen snow,
structed that it can make but little pro- and seems quite content with this poor
gress when the snow is deep on the food, which our horses and cows would
ground. Then the hunters put on their not think fit to eat. The American
snow-shoes and by driving the Elk into REINDEER, or CARIBOU, furnishes food
a snow-bank, manage to secure their and clothing to the Esquimaux, but has
prey, after a very short chase. But never been trained to become a beast of
when the ground is hard enough to burden. It lives in a wild state, and is
support the heavy animal the Moose the prey of both red and white men.
leads the hunters a long and wearisome The antlers of the Reindeer differ
chase, some what from those of the Moose,
It is a capital swimmer, and can be but in all other respects they are very
trained to draw sledges, and become a much alike. The dried deer-flesh is
beast of burden, called pemmican, and is highly prized
The REINDEER makes its home near by Arctic travelers.

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No. I.-THE \VILD BOAR, from rushed upon the point, or exposed
which have sprung all the varieties of himself to a thrust from the person by
the domestic hog, was formerly found whom the weapon was held.
in nearly every country of Europe The parts into which the hunter tried
and Asia, and in parts of Africa. In to plunge his spear, with the view of
America it was unknown until brought inflicting the most deadly blows, were
there by Europeans. It was at one the forehead between the eyes, and the
time quite common in the forests of breast, directly under the shoulder-
England, and a Boar's head was the blade.
prominent dish at distinguished ban- It happened sometimes, however, that
quets. A Wild Boar hunt was a favorite the Boar would by a sudden movement,
sport among the English gentry, and contrive to seize the haft of the spear
forest laws were made on purpose to between his powerful jaws, in which
protect this game. But the breed has case the hunter was exposed to the
about died out there, and all efforts to greatest danger. One crunch was suf-
restore it have proved unsuccessful. ficient to grind the wood to fragments;
So fierce and powerful were these and the next. instant, unless some one
Boars that both dogs and hunters pur- was by to renew the attack, the enraged
sued them at the risk of their lives, beast had his unarmed enemy upon the
A Boar would kill a dog with a single ground under his hoofs, tearing him in
blow from his tusks; and when he pieces with his terrible tusks. When
turned on a pack would lay several of horses were employed they were fre-
them dead in as many moments. One, quently wounded in this way.
who was pursued by fifty dogs, sud- A species of Wild Boar is found in
denly turned on them, and not only India which makes terrible havoc among
slew six or seven, but wounded so many the crops. It is a fierce and savage
more, that only ten out of the whole beast, with a remarkably keen scent, and
number came home uninjured, has two ugly tusks projecting from its
During the middle ages, the animal, lower jaw with which it roots up the
when brought to a stand, was attacked, ground, and also uses in attacking an
sometimes on horse-back, and some- enemy. The females of this breed have
times on foot; either by swords which no tusks, but they have sharp teeth and
were struck into his flesh, or strong bite fiercely when molested.
spears that were held out until he Boar-hunting in India is always con-


No. I.-THE RED FOX is found in and dale, through fields and furrows.
various parts of the globe, is quite Foxes prowl around at night, and prefer
common in Europe and America, and darkness to light because their deeds
is a very cruel and crafty animal. It are evil." If driven into their holes, and
is particularly fond of poultry, and surrounded with traps, they will go
easily outwits the farmer, and escapes without food for days and weeks, rather
all the traps, in its efforts to secure the than come out and run the risk of being
coveted prize. It has sharp pointed caught. The farmer who is annoyed by
ears, a bushy tail, is very swift-footed, this unwelcome visitor and anxious to
and can make extraordinary leaps, get rid of him, runs him to cover and
The Fox throws off a peculiar odor- then digs, smokes, or drowns out sly
somewhat like aniseed--and the hounds Mr. Fox and shows him no mercy.
following this scent, are led a lively The Red Fox not only haunts the
chase in pursuit of the wily creature. woods near villages, where hens, tur-
For some time it will go in a straight keys, ducks, and geese abound, but also
line, with hounds and hunters in full makes its home in the sand-hills on the
cry at the rear, then suddenly dodge sea-coast. Sometimes there is a bay
aside and disappear, to the astonishment between these hills and the main-land,
and vexation of its pursuers. The over which Mr. Fox will run in the
tail of the Fox is called "the brush," winter season when the ice is thick, and
and is the prize awarded to the hunts- help himself to many a nice tid-bit from
man who first arrives on the spot where the farm -yards. Should a thaw take
the animal is run down and brought to place, and break up the ice in the bay,
the ground. the Fox may have to take to the woods
Fox-hunting was once a favorite and make its home there until Jack
pastime in England, and is still carried Frost comes round again.
on to some extent in certain parts of Although the Fox is shaped some-
Great Britain. The sport has been in- what like a dog, and its voice is a kind
produced into America, and serves to of yelp, it can never be tamed, nor has
amuse those who are fond of hard rid- it ever been known to display any af-
ing. "Tally ho! Tally ho!" is sounded fection for man.
and away go hounds, horses, hunters Baby Foxes are comical little crea-
and huntresses in a pell-mell, helter- tures, and early show their liking for
skelter, harum-scarum race over hill poultry fresh from the farm-yard.

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No. I.-THE BRINDLED GNU is ment when in a state of alarm. "They
a species of African Antelope. It commence whisking their long white
has curious shaped horns that bend tails," says Cumming, "in a most eccen-
downward from the head, and then tric manner; then springing suddenly in-
turn suddenly upward like two great to the air, they begin pawing and caper-
hooks. ing, and pursue each other in circles at
Its great black mane, its bushy beard their utmost speed. Suddenly they all
and broad nose, give it a most fero- pull up together to overhaul the intruder,
cious appearance, and it is difficult to when some of the bulls will commence
tell whether it is a wild bull, a wild fighting in the most violent manner,
horse, or a wild antelope. The Dutch dropping on their knees at every shock;
settlers call it wvildebeeste-" wild ox"- then quickly wheeling about, they kick
and are careful to keep it out of their up their heels, whirl their tails with a
cattle-yards. fantastic flourish, and scour across the
The Gnus have a great deal of curi- plain enveloped in a cloud of dust."
osity, and hunters, knowing this peculi- Livingstone, the great African explorer,
arity, will, by hanging out a bit of cloth says English sportsmen, although
or anything in the shape of a signal, first rate shots at home, are notorious
attract a whole herd that has been for the number of their misses on first
quietly feeding at a distance, trying to shoot in Africa. Everything
Cautiously they approach, and with is on such a large scale, and there is
heads bent charge at the object, if it such a glare of bright sunlight, that
is not removed, and then the whole im- some time is required to enable them to
mense herd dashes off again in single judge of distances.
file. 'Is it wounded?' inquired a gentle-
The Brindled Gnu-so called because man of his dark attendant, after firing at
of its striped coat-differs in many an antelope. Yes! the ball went right
other respects from the common Gnu, into his heart!' These mortal wounds
about which not very much is known, never proving fatal, he desired a friend
however, as it is but seldom found in who understood the language to explain
captivity, to the man that he preferred the truth
The Gnus live in herds, in company in every case.- I thought he would be
with ostriches, zebras and giraffes and displeased,' said the native 'if I told him
have a singular way of showing excite- that he never hits at all.'


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No. I.-THE BIG HORN, OR ROCKY- Should strangers come suddenly up-
MOUNTAIN SHEEP, is one of the on a flock of Sheep, the mothers and
giants of that breed of animals. It their lambs crowd closely together,
dwells far up on lofty mountain peaks, leaving the rams outside the circle to
and is satisfied with the scanty herbage charge the enemy with their crooked
that grows there, never seeking the horns.
plains in search of food or adventure. A lady had on her farm a handsome
It is very shy and timid, and at the Sheep, which she had named Juno, and
sound of a whistle or report of a gun a ram named Jupiter. She was in the
it will hide itself in some of the deep habit of petting Juno, who always ran
recesses, where man would not dare to forward to greet its kind mistress, and
follow. The horns of this Sheep which to be fed from her hand, while Jupiter
are over three feet in length, rise from kept a respectful distance.
the head, project backwards, and then One day, when Juno was being pet-
curl around so that the extreme point is ted and fed, Jupiter stole softly behind
on a line with the ear. his mistress, and charging with all his
It is curious to notice the different might threw her suddenly off her feet,
ways that horns are worn by the different to the astonishment of poor innocent
varieties of Sheep and Goats. Some are Juno. The lady was both amazed and
short and scarcely to be seen; some amused at this exhibition of jealousy,
stand up straight; others curl around and was careful ever afterwards to pay
the ears, or on top of the head. Some Juno no more attention than she paid to
rise high in front and project backward Jupiter.
more than half the length of the body; The Sheep is very useful to man. It
and an Asiatic Sheep has horns that are furnishes him with food and clothing,
spiral and stand above its head like two and is a source of great wealth. Some
immense corkscrews. men devote themselves to raising fine
The Sheep is a much more timid ani- breeds in order to improve the quality
mal than the Goat, and defends itself in of the meat, and the wool, which in
an entirely different manner. The Goat some Sheep is very soft and silky.
stands on its hind-legs, and dashes God has made no animal without some
sideways at its foe; while the Sheep weapon of defence, and the Rocky
darts forward and hurls its whole weight Mountain Sheep evidently knows what
against the object of attack. big horns are for.



OLE-a native of North America-was fond of the woods, when caught and
named after Lord Baltimore, who for- caged, soon makes itself at home, and is
merely owned the whole of Maryland, easily taught and trained. It has an
and whose coat-of-arms was black and excellent memory, and soon catches the
orange, like the bird's. It is admired tunes, and whistles and sings with sur-
less for its color and its song than for prising skill. It is very pronounced in
the skilful way in which it builds its its likes and dislikes, and, like most
pretty hanging-nest, which is indeed a pets, attaches itself very closely to its
curiosity. Bits of thread, wool, and flax, chosen friend. It is a native of Great
skeins of silk, and fibers of wood, are Britain.
made use of, and the whole sewed to-
gether most ingeniously with long No. 4.-THE GOLDFINCH is the
threads of horse-hair. At the bottom handsomest of all the Finches, and it is
of the nest, which is six or seven inches a pretty sight to watch a flock of them
deep, there is placed a heap of soft cows' sweeping through the air, settling on
hair, and in this are laid the five pink the fields and hedges, or flying in the
and purple eggs, that break and fill the direction of the farm-yard. They are
purse with pretty gold pieces. of great use to the farmer, as they de-
vour the weeds that he is so anxious
No. 2.-THE HAWFINCH or GROS- to get rid of. The Goldfinch is a great
BEAK, is a native of Europe and the favorite as a cage-bird, and can be
southern part of the United States. It taught many tricks that other birds
is remarkable for its large, broad beak, would be slow to learn.
which enables it to crush with ease the
seeds, berries, and stones of small fruits, No. 5.-THE LINNET is a near rela-
on which it feeds. It is very shy in its tive of the Finches, and, like them, is
habits, and makes its home in the deep noted for the sweetness of its song. It
forests, far from the haunts of man. is a lively little bird, and builds its nest
The finest specimen of these birds is so low that it can easily be found by
the SCARLET GROSBEAK, which is com- those who seek this kind of prey.
mon in the Southern States, and is Show me your nest with the young ones in it;
sometimes called the Virginian Night- I will not steal them away;
S. I am old! you may trust me, linnet, linnet,
ingale. The Finches are all fine singers I am seven times one to-day."
and birds of fine plumage.


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No. I.-THE THRUSH is common to No. 4.-THE WREN is a native of
almost every country, and has a variety Europe and North America, and much
of names. It is a fine songster, and admired for its amusing little ways. It
will imitate the notes and ways of other is very shy, and builds its nest in all
birds. It aids the gardener in keeping sorts of out-of-the way places. It is
his plants free from worms and slugs, a merry little warbler, and its quick,
and takes toll from the berry bushes cheery notes enliven many a cold
and fruit trees. The Thrushes do more wintry day.
harm to a corn field than a flock of
crows, as they seize and devour young No. 5-THE DIPPER belongs to the
green shoots. The nest of the Thrush Thrush family, and is a native of Great
is large and deep, and frequently adorned Brtain. It moves wth a quick, saucy
with bits of lace or other material, jerk, like the Wren, and has the reputa-
tion of being a very quarrelsome bird.
No. 2.-THE WARBLER is a native It frequents swift-running streams where
of Great Britain, and is noted for the there are high banks and overhanging
exquisite sweetness of its song. It fre- trees. The Dipper takes its name from
quents hedges and leafy nooks, and the habit it has of diving under the
though not showy in dress is remarka- water for the insects, worms, and small
ble for its elegant shape and graceful fish that make up its bill of fare.
No. 3.-THE CRESTED TITMOUSE slender bird that frequents the ponds
is found in considerable numbers on the and brooks where it finds its food, and
Continent of Europe, and gives evi- occasionally takes the road or haunts
dence of belonging to the nobility. It the fields in search of grubs and insects.
is a small bird, and builds its nest in There are several varieties of Wagtails:
the hole of some decaying tree, where Pied, White, Yellow and Grey; which
it is sure of finding its larder well sup- are so called because of the habit they
plied with insects. Certain members of have of jerking their tails about when
the Titmouse family are natives of Great running or setting on the ground.
Britain, but ae Crested Titmice rarely They build their nests near the water,
cross the Channel, but when they do and are unusually bold birds, seeming
they go in troops and have a royal time. to have no fear of either man or beast.


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No. I.-THE JACKDAW is the small- its nest, and will frequently make use
est member of the Crow family, and a of one that has been vacated by some
remarkably intelligent and amusing lit- other bird.
te bird. It easily accustoms itself to No. 2.-THE ROOK is the most com-
captivity, and many anecdotes are told mon of the Crow family, and has the
of its curious tricks and comical ways. name of being the worst of the lot. It
It is very pert and familiar, and such a builds its nest near the habitations of
mimic that it has even been known to man, and is an enemy to farmers and
imitate the human voice, game-keepers. In their search for worms
A peddler used to travel about the and grubs large flocks of Rooks settle
country with a Jackdaw, which he said on freshly planted fields, and often pull
was as useful to him as a watch dog, up the blades of grain that have just
and much less expensive to keep. When Scarecrows fal to
begun to sprout. Scarecrows fail to.
the peddler left the wagon, the bird sat scare the Rooks, and they are so cau-
on guard and kept a watchful eye on its tious in their movements, in spite of their
master's property. Sometimes the chil- boldness, that they seldom fall victims
dren, to tease the bird, or to test its to the farmer's gun or to the traps that
powers, would attempt to open the door are set for these bandits. They do
or to climb up on the side of the wagon, good work, however, in destroying the
and at once the Jackdaw would give a grubs of beetles that are such foes to
terrific scream that scared the young- grass lands, and thus prove that they
sters, and brought the peddler out to have their work to do in the world, and
see what was the matter. deserve considerable praise for the serv-
On the principle of "setting a thief ice they render to man.
to catch a thief," Jackdaws might be
made use of as burglar-alarms; and we No. 3.-THE MAGPIE is known to
have known even smaller birds than everybody as a most saucy and mis-
they to give notice of the approach of chievous bird. It appears to be en-
strangers, and sound an alarm when dowed with all the evil traits that are
beggarly tramps passed the window by possible to mankind, and is very cunning
which their cage was hung. The Jack- and ingenious in committing its thefts
daw is a native of Europe, Asia, and and concealing its guilt. It is especi-
the North of Africa. It is not particu- ally fond of bright bits of metal, and
lar where or with what material it builds trinkets of all sorts, and will watch its


No. I.-THE PARADISE BIRD, the two long tail-feathers that project
with which we are most familiar, is re- some distance from its small body. It
markable for the length, beauty and is a rare bird, and its bright green
gracefulness of its plumage, and its de- coloring gives it the appearance of a
cidedly ornamental character. It is a winged emerald.
native of New Guinea, and very few
living specimens are seen in any other No. 3.-THE INCOMPARABLE BIRD
part of the world. There are but few OF PARADISE appears to have
varieties of these birds but they differ borrowed feathers from a variety of
so in form and color that they appear birds with which to adorn itself. Its
to be more numerous than they really immense tail is out of proportion to its
are. The feathers are arranged in va- small body; and it has on its head a
rious styles, with surprising effects, and double crest of brilliant feathers. Its
they rival the humming-bird in the bril- plumage glows with the colors of the
liancy of their coloring. These singu- rainbow, and it is altogether a wonder-
lar birds are said to be closely allied to ful specimen of these gorgeous birds;
our crows and magpies, but it is difficult itself beyond compare.
to believe it.
Their habits are the same, however, 4 THE GOLDEN BIRD OF
,PARADISE somewhat resembles the
and both the magpie and crew display PARADISE somewhat resembles the
a fondness for gay finery, even though King Bird of Paradise, but has a better
Sa d t w t pi excuse for putting on the airs of royalty.
they are doomed to wear the plainest
of plumage. That "fine feathers make The King Bird has but two feathers
fine birds" is well illustrated by the that extend from its tail, while the
Birds of Paradise. Golden Bird has six that stand out at
some distance from its head: three on
No. 2.-THE KING BIRD OF PARA- each side, or all at the back, according
DISE, is so called because it seems as the bird moves them. These shafts
to exercise a royal sway over a number are quite bare until near the tip where
of the other species, and hedges itself they branch out like the eye in the pea-
around with the dignity and importance cock's plume. The color of the bird is
of a sovereign. It is distinguished for a changeable golden green, and in the
the odd way in which its plumage is sunshine it is a bit of dazzling splen-
arranged, and for the eyes at the end of dor.

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No. I.--THE LYRE BIRD is a native No. 4.-THE BLUE TITMOUSE
of Australia, and is distinguished for is bold and fearless, and skips over the
the extraordinary length and peculiar branches so quickly that it seems more
shape of its tail feathers, which take the like a blue mouse than a bird. It is
form of the lyre, the oldest stringed very greedy, and can destroy more in-
instrument of the Egyptians and the sects in one day than any other bird of
Greeks. The bird has many of the the same size. It delights in a dinner
habits of the pheasant, and is quite as of caterpillars, and is a regular little
shy, but having longer legs it can run fighter and biter.
and leap to a great height, and is sel-
dom seen upon the wing. No. 5.-THE COLE TITMOUSE
is so called on account of the coal-black
No. 2.-THE CROWNED PIGEON color of its plumage. It is as restless
is found on several of the Islands in the as the other tomtits, but not quite so
Pacific Ocean, and is the only one of bold and fearless, and haunts the woods
its tribe that is thus distinguished. The and hedge-rows instead of places near-
feathers in this beautiful crest are ex- er the dwelling of man.
ceedingly light and delicate, and always No. 6.-THE STARLING is common
wide-spread, and the bird walks as if con- in all parts of Great Britain, and in
scious of its title to nobility. It makes a very many other countries. It is re-
low bow when it utters its strange cry. markable for its beautiful plumage, for
the swiftness and grace of its move-
o. 3 E GE E ments, and for its affectionate disposi-
is found in many parts of Europe, and tion. It can be taught to speak almost
is a bold and quarrelsome little fellow. t am
s a bold and quarrelsome little fellow, as well as a parrot, is very easily tamed,
Its beak, though not very long, is and a very amusing pet.
exceedingly strong, and it has been
known to attack smaller birds and kill No. 7.-THE GREAT BOAT-TAIL
them with blows from this weapon. It is so called because of the shape of its
lives upon insects during the summer, tail which is hollowed out on the under
but when these are scarce, will forage side like a canoe. It is a large bird, of
around farm-yards, and is not particu- dark plumage, is a native of America,
lar where it gets its food so that it has and closely related to the Magpie
enough to eat. family.



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No. I.-THEi WEAVER BIRDS are No. 3.-THE CROSSBILL derives its
remarkable for the skill they display in name from the peculiar formation of its
building their nests, which are more beak, which does not prevent its shell-
wonderful than those of the Baltimore ing small seeds as easily as a canary.
Oriole. They are small birds, and are It is very fond of apple-pips, and in a
found only in the warm parts of Asia and few moments will cut a hole through
Africa. Some species hang their nests the fruit and pick out the seeds and eat
over the water, and only a short dis- them with great relish. The Crossbill
tance above it, so as to protect them from is a native of Sweden and Norway.
the young monkeys that swarm in the
forests. Should these rogues attempt to No. 4.-THE MISSEL THRUSH-
rob the nests, they would be borne down the largest and handsomest of the
by their own weight and treated to a Thrush family-is one of the best
good ducking. known of the British birds. It has a
The Red-billed Weaver Bird depends rich, clear, ringing voice, and seems to
on the Buffalo for its food and is found sing most sweetly in stormy weather.
wherever that animal exists. It perches It is fond of insects, and small fruits,
on its head, horns, and every part of its and so can do great good and great
body, and searches vigorously under the harm to the gardens it frequents.
rough hair for the insects and parasites
No. 5.-THE BLACKBIRD is well-
it is sure to find there. It also warns 5.- BLACKBIRD is wel
known and much admired for the rich-
the Buffalo when an enemy is near, and known and much admired for the rich-
Sness and sweetness of its song. It is a
the animal is well pleased to have a i .
favorite cage-bird, and can be trained
flock of these birds feeding on its back. favorite cae-bird, and can be trained
to whistle tunes with remarkable pre-
No. 2.-THE PARADISE WHIDAH cision. It is also a great mimic, and will
BIRD is a native of Western Africa, and imitate the voices of other birds, even
is remarkable for its4ength of tail, which teaching itself to crow like a cock, and
it flirts about gracefully from bough to to cackle like a hen. The American
bough, as it moves hither and thither in Blackbird differs from many of the
search of insects. It is frequently seen others of the same name, as it has a
in captivity, and is a great ornament to dash of bright red on its wings. It is
an aviary, where it takes a high perch so common a bird that sportsmen con-
that it may have room for its train, sider it their lawful prey.



MANDARIN DUCK, is a magnificently takes its name from the shape of its
attired bird, the brilliant plumage of the beak, which widens out at the end very
male contrasting finely with the more much like a shovel. It is seen in Great
sombre dress of the female. It is occa- Britain in the winter months, but is not
sionally seen in Zoological Gardens, found in American waters. Its flesh is
where, on account of its peculiar mark- considered by many to be equal to that
ings, and the formation of its wings, it of the far-famed Canvas-back Duck,
is as much of a curiosity as a veritable which is a native of North America.
Tycoon. The legs of Ducks are set further
During the summer months the Teal backward than those of geese, so that
lays aside its gorgeous robes, its bril- they move with more difficulty over the
liant crest, and fan-shaped wings, and ground, and have a more waddling
appears in a costume similar to that gait.
worn by its mate. The Mandarin Duck
is held in such high esteem by the na- No. 4-THE BLACK SWAN is a na-
tives of China, that they are loath to tive of Australia, but specimens may be
Lives of China, that they are loath to
found in Great Britain and America.
have any specimens leave the country. Visitors to Central Park have oen
Visitors to Central Park have often
No. 2.--THE MALLARD, or GREEN- stopped to admire the handsome bird as
HEAD, is the wild duck of Europe and it floated on the bosom of the lake, its
America. It is a handsome bird, and blood-red beak contrasting finely with
much sought after by sportsmen. Its its glossy black plumage. It is not so
flesh is considered a great delicacy, and familiar to us as the White Swan, nor is
there is always a demand for its eggs. it as graceful in its movements.
Decoy ducks are made use of to at-
tract the Mallards toward the tunnels, No. 5.-THE WHITE SWAN is the
or nets, which are large at one end and most royal of all the water-birds, and
small at the other. Into these the wild has no equal in grace, or in purity of
ducks swim to escape the sportsman's plumage.
gun, and are seized as soon as they poke It is found, in its wild state, in the
their bills through the little end of what eastern part of Europe and in Asia; in
they find out, too late, is a veritable its half-tame state it has long been an
death-trap. ornament of our ponds, lakes and rivers.



RAVEN, is found on the rocky coasts BATROSS is the largest of all the
of Europe, and in certain parts of Asia. web-footed birds, and such a voracious
In China the Cormorants are tamed, eater that it can well be placed among
and trained to catch fish for the use of the Cormorants. It has a powerful and
their owners. The nest of the Cor- peculiar beak, and is so strong of wing
morant is made of sticks, seaweed, and that it can sail through the air for days
grass, and as they build them closely and days without resting.
together, and are not at all neat in their It builds its nest on the top of high
habits, the air in their neighborhood is mountains, especially those near the
almost unfit to breathe. The bird is a Cape of Good Hope, and wanders
great glutton, and its name has been over the Southern Seas where it is fre-
given to those who devour greedily quently met with by voyagers in those
whatever comes in their way. regions.

No. 2.-THE PELICAN, is the best No. 4.-THE GREAT AUK was for-
known of the Cormorant family, and is merly found in Northern Europe, in the
distinguished by the large pouch which Arctic Seas, and along the coast of
is attached to its huge beak. This Newfoundland. As it has not been
pouch serves as a basket in which to met with for a number of years, it is
carry home the fish it scoops up in supposed to have died out altogether.
large numbers, and when filled gives The bird seems to be sitting down when
the bird a very funny appearance. As standing up, and altogether presents a
it waddles along the thievish Hawk very awkward appearance.
swoops down and scares it so that the
poor Pelican screams with terror. The No. 5.-THE KING PENGUIN bears
Hawk watches its chance, pops its bill some resemblance to the Great Auk,
into the open basket of fish, and helps except in the shape of its bill which is
itself so liberally that the Pelican has to much smaller. It roosts standing, and
go back and refill its empty pouch. uses its wings as fore-legs when in a
It is capable of being quite playful, but hurry to get over the ground, and for
when out of temper will slap its bill to- paddles when it is in the water. It
gether and flaps its wings with a sound feeds on cuttle-fish, and is found in the
as if somebody was being beaten. South Pacific Ocean.

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No. I.-THE KITE has long pointed woods, and builds its nest on the top-
wings and a long forked tail which most boughs of a lofty tree. It can be
enable it to sweep smoothly and grace- trained to catch rabbits and hares and
fully through the air. It is not the such kind of game, and displays great
least bit dainty about its food, but will patience and skill in securing its prey.
eat fish, flesh, or fowl wherever it may It perches on a bough, and waits until
be found. It makes its home in the the timid animals steal out in search of
woods, and builds its nest in the forked food or water, then pounces on them in
branch of a big tree. The KITE is a a most ferocious manner. The Gos-
native of Great Britain, and being of hawk is found in Europe and Asia, and
an affectionate disposition is very easily has also been seen in Africa.
No. 2.-THE PEREGRINE, OR PIL- tuft of feathers on its head, which, when
GRIM FALCON, ranks above all the raised, gives the bird a most fierce and
hawks that were ever trained for the warlike expression. It is not so large
chase. It is most graceful in its move- as the Bald-headed Eagle, .nor can it
ments, and dashes through the air with fly so swiftly through the air, but it has
wonderful speed and fury, sometimes just as cruel talons, and as sharp a
at the rate of a hundred and fifty miles beak. It is a native of North America,
an hour. When thoroughly tamed it and makes its home in the deep forests,
shows a great attachment for its owner, and preys on the young deer and the
whom it will single out from among a other small animals that it finds there.
crowd of people. At one time sports-
men made great use of Falcons, espe- No. 5.-THE BALD-HEADED EAGLE
cially in chasing the Grouse, of which is so called because of the whiteness of
the bird is exceedingly fond. It is a its head and neck. Its tail is also white,
native of Great Britain, and builds its but the rest of its body is a light brown,
nest on some lofty shelf of a steep rock. plentifully streaked with black. This
pirate of the air is fond of fish, but
No. 3. -THE GOS- HAWK cannot being awkward in taking them from the
take long flights through the air, and on water, watches its chance to rob the
that account has to seek its prey upon fish-hawks, who are more expert at
the ground. It makes its home in the that kind of sport. It has a keen, bright

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eye; a strong beak; sharp claws ; and THE. EAGLE'S NEST."
powerful wings, that enable it to lift From the mountain path there came the
burdens greater than its own weight. sound of joyous whistling, that gave token of a
It is found in Great Britain and Amer- merry heart and a brave spirit. It was Rudy
on his way to meet his friend Vessinaud.
ica, and makes its nest in the top of a i' Come with me,' he said; I shall need
tall tree, or on the summit of some high your help. I want to carry off the young
cliff, ner the sea-coast. Specimens aglet from the top of the cliff. We will
take young Ragli with us.
are found among the Rocky Moun- An easy task!' said Vessinaud. 'You
tains, and on that part of the sea-coast might as well try to take down the moon
Island which has not yet been You seem to be in wonderfully good spirits.'
of Long Island which has not yet been Of course I am, and with good reason.
invaded by the dwellings of man. I am thinking of Babette, who will soon be
A native of Long Island once shot my bride. Her father said she was too far
above me; higher than the eagles nest. I
an eagle on the wing, and wounded it will have both, said I'
so that he thought it would be easy to "'All right' said the miller; 'I will give her
capture. But the bird kept the man at to you when you bring me the young eaglet.
capture. ut the bird kept the man at Are you willing to help me ?' asked Rudy.
bay with its fierce beak and talons, and "' Certainly we are,' said Vessinaud and
the latter was at a loss to know how Ragli, but of what use will it be ? You will
e s d s e t F- surely break your neck.'
he should secure the eagle alive. Fi- No danger. It is only cowards that fall.
nally he encased his hands and arms Come on!'
in strong bags, and, thus protected, So at midnight they set out, carrying with
them poles, ladders, and ropes. They had to
seized the wounded bird and bore it off make a path for themselves through the
in triumph. An empty crockery crate dense growth of trees and the tangled under-
served for a cage, and the noble cap- brush, and over the rough rocks and rolling
served for a cage, and the noble cap- stones. Higher and higher they went, up
tive, making the best of the situation, into the loneliness and darkness of the night.
soon became of great use to its owner, The sides of the rocks almost met, and
Sthe light came only through small opening
and as valuable as a watch-dog. If a at the top. At a little distance from the edge
tramp, or a strange creature of any sort could be heard the sound of the roaring
came on the place, the bird would at waters in the yawning abyss beneath them.
S" The three sat on a stone to wait calmly
once make it known, and keep up the for the dawn of day, when the parent eagle
cry of alarm until its master appeared would leave the nest, as it would be necessary
Si t i to shoot her before they made any attempt to
to drive the intruder awayget possession of the young one.
A fine description of the perils to be Rudy sat as motionless as a stone image,
encountered in undertaking to capture with his gun ready to fire, and his gaze fixed
S steadily on the highest point of the cliff;
the young eaglet, is found in Hans where the eagle's nest lay concealed beneath
Andersen's story of the overhanging rock.


"Time passes slowly to those who have to goal, and the prize was not far distant. The
wait. The night seemed unusually long to the fifth ladder, which appeared to reach the nest,
three hunters. At last they heard a great was supported by the sides of the rock, yet
rustling and whirring above them, like the swung to and fro and flapped about like a
moving of mighty wings, and a large hover- slender reed. It seemed a most dangerous
ing object darkened the air. Two guns were undertaking to ascend it, but Rudy knew
ready to aim at the dark body of the eagle as how to climb, and he was not to be shaken
soon as it rose from the nest. Then a shot from his purpose.
was fired! For an instant there was a solemn When at length he stood on the topmost
pause; the bird fluttered its wide-spreading round of the ladder, he found that he was
wings, and seemed to fill the whole of the still some distance below the eagle's nest, and
chasm, threatening to drag down the hunters not even able to see into it. There was no
in its fall. way in which he could possibly reach it
But slowly-slowly-slowly the eagle except by using his hands and climbing. He
sank into the abyss, and the branches of the tried the strength of the stunted trees, and
trees and bushes were broken by its weight. the thick underbrush upon wh' h the nest
"Then the hunters began to stir them- rested, and of which it was formed, and find-
selves; three of the longest ladders were ing they would support his weight he seized
bound together; the topmost rung would just them firmly and swung himself clear of the
reach the edge of the rock that hung over ladder until his head and breast were above
the abyss, but no farther. The eagle's nest the nest. The stench that came from it
lay in a sheltered nook much higher up, and almost made him let go his hold, for in it
the sides of the rock were as smooth and lay the putrid remains of lambs, chamois, and
straight as a wall. birds. In a corner of the nest sat the young
"After consulting they decided to bind eaglet, a large and powerful bird, though still
together two more ladders, to hoist them unable to fly.
over the cavity, and fasten them above the "Rudy fixed his eyes upon it, held on
three already in place. It was a tedious and tightly with one hand, and with the other
difficult task, that could only be accom- threw a noose around the bird. The string
polished by those having stout hearts, steady slipped over its body, and down to its legs..
nerves, and clear heads. For a few moments Rudy tightened it, and thus secured the bird
the two ladders hung swaying over the abyss, alive. Then throwing the sling over his
but as soon as they were made fast, Rudy, shoulder, so that the bird hung far below him,
who was most anxious for success, had his with the aid of a rope, he let himself down,
foot on the lowest round. and his foot soon touched safely the highest
The morning was intensely cold. Great round of the topmost ladder.
clouds of mist rose from below, and covered Carefully, carefully, he stepped, ever re-
the rocks with moisture. The wind whistled eating to himself the lesson he had been
furiously, and every now and then shrieked taught when he first began to climb-' Hold
with fiendish laughter. To look down was fast, and fear not,'-and at last he stood in
certain death. As Rudy began to ascend, the safety on the ground with the young living
ladder trembled like the thin spun thread of eaglet, and was received by his admiring
the spider's web. His heart beat violently, companions with loud shouts of joy and con-
Onward and upward he went, grasping each gratulations."
rung of the ladder with firm hands. As the T E i in ir n
fourth ladder was reached hie felt more confi- The Eagle is the Kng of Brds, and
dence. He was more than half way to the the emblem of American freedom.

.... ....




No. I.-THE BLUE AND YELLOW MA- the startling phrases learned on ship-
CAW is a gorgeous creature, the board, or amid vulgar associations.
length of its tail, the brilliant color of There is something very human about
its plumage, and the peculiar markings its speech, and its droll ways are a source
around the eye, distinguishing it from of great amusement.
all the members of the Parrot family.
Its handsome dress is its only recom- No. 4.-THE COCKATOO is a native
mendation; for, although easily tamed, of Australia, and is distinguished by its
it has no very great powers of speech, handsome crest, of which it appears to
and its loud cry makes it a very disa- be exceedingly proud. It likes to attract
greeable companion to have in a house. attention, but will not bear being teased.
Some of the birds are very fine talk-
No. 2.-THE GREEN PARROT is ers, but most of them are content to ring
the kind with which we are most fami- the changes on their own name: "Cock-
liar. It is a native of South America, atoo! Pretty Cocky!" At times they
and frequents the deep forests found in will break out into a harsh laugh, or a
that country. It has an affectionate dis- fierce yell, and seem to take delight in
position, is easily tamed, and can readily startling people. There are several
be taught words and sentences. It will varieties of Cockatoos, with different
even imitate the sound of the human colored plumage, and different shaped
voice, with peculiarities of expression, crests.
in such a way as to deceive many per-
sons; and will often sing and whistle No. 5.-THE WARBLING GRASS PAR-
with wonderful accuracy. The Parrot ROQUET, is found among the grass
is an amusing companion, and a great lands of Australia. It warbles a soft
favorite with most people. song, quite unlike the rough screech of
the Parrot, and never uses it feet in
No. 3.-THE GRAY PARROT is a picking up its food.
native of Western Africa, and has long
been celebrated for its wonderful powers No. 6.-SWINDERN'S LOVE-BIRDS
of imitation and its excellent memory, are the smallest of the baby-parrots,
Some funny stories are told of this talk- and are so named because of their great
ing-bird, who will often shock refined fondness for each other. If one is left
people by repeating in their presence without a mate it soon droops and dies.

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No. i.-THE RHEA is the Ostrich of bird to catch. Its legs also furnish
South America. It is swift-footed, and weapons for defence, and so vigorously
very careful to keep out of harm's way. does it kick that even the wild beasts
The plumes of its wings are white, but of the jungles dare not come too near.
its general color is a dark grey. It is Its toe is armed with a strong sharp
easily tamed, and its singular antics claw, one blow fror- which often has a
afford great amusement to visitors at fatal effect. It lives on grains and veg-
Zoological Gardens. The full-grown tables, and swallows great stones to
RHEA is about five feet in height. aid its gizzard in grinding up the food,
and when shut up where rocks and
No. 2.-THE CASSOWARY is found stones are not provided, will devour
in the Malacca Islands, and is noted for nails, brick-bats, old shoes, and anything
its glossy black hair-like plumage, its else that comes handy. The feathers
helmet-like top-knot, and the beautiful of the OSTRICH are in such demand,
bright coloring around its neck. It has that parties in South Africa and Califor-
a fierce eye, and a savage disposition, na have large farms where the birds
and when enraged will kick furiously, are kept, and bred, and from whence
and do serious damage with its great/ their lovely plumes are sent to market,
claws, the toes of which are as sharp as and a large profit made on the sales.
/ / No. 4.-THE EMEU is a native of Aus-
No. 3.-THE OSTRICH is found at tralia, and resembles the CASSOWARY
home on the deserts of Africa. I,s nest more than the OSTRICH. It has strong
is a hole scooped in the sar/d, and legs, and is swift-footed, and its wings
its eggs, of which there are fa large are so- small as to be quite concealed by
number, are partly hatched bi the heat its hair-like plumage. It scoops out its
of the sun. These eggs ar@ not only nest in the sand, and its eggs-always
eaten, but the shells are uSed by the an uneven number-are at first a beau-
natives for various pur oses. This tiful green hue which afterwards fades
Giant of Birds is from six to eight feet into a greenish brown. The EMEU is
high, and so strong tl at it can carry a 'of a brownish grey color; and being
man on its back. Its/long and power- less timid than the Ostrich, it is more
ful legs enable it to/run very swiftly, easily tamed, and made to feel quite at
and sportsmen find it a rather difficult home among strangers.

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No. I.-THE SPOON-BILL, is found No. 3.-THE BITTERN is a rare bird
in Europe, Asia and Africa, and fre- that is seldom seen, as it hides itself
quents the sea-shore and marshy places among the thick reeds all day long, and
in search of the soft moist food on at night wanders forth in search of
which it subsists. It builds its nest in prey. It is a species of heron, and has
open trees, on the banks of rivers, or the same sharp beak, and long slender
in the little islands and tufts of grass, legs. If disturbed, it aims its beak at
where it is fixed on tall reeds so that the eye of its enemy; and if in no con-
the eggs will not get wet. The drain- edition to fly, will fling itself on its back
ing of the marshy soil has driven the and fight desperately with foot and bill.
Spoon-bill away from places where it
used to exist, and it is now seldom seen No. 4.-THE SACRED IBIS is so
in the British Islands. called because of the evidences that it
was held in great reverence by the an-
No. 2.-THE STORK is another of cient Egyptians. It makes its appear-
the wading-birds which has been driven ance in Egypt when the waters of the
from many of its former haunts by the Nile begin to rise, and remains there
sportsman's gun, and the difficulty of until the river runs dry again, and its
obtaining food. It is quite common in supply of food is exhausted. Its flight
Holland, however, to which place it re- is lofty and strong, and it makes a pecu-
turns yearly from its winter quarters in liar cry when passing through the air.
Africa, and is held in great esteem by
the inhabitants. It is fond of making No. 5.-THE AUSTRALIAN JABI-
its nest on some high place, and is RU is one of the feathered giants and
encouraged to build on the top of a has a bill of enormous size. It feeds
house, or a chimney, as that is thought mostly on fish and eels, and is so wary
to be a good omen. in its movements that it is not easily
The Stork rests on one leg, and in caught, even by the eagle-eyed natives
this position, with its neck shortened by who lie in wait for it. The eyes of the
drawing its head backward, and its bill Jabiru are wonderfully keen, and its
partly concealed by the feathers on its plumage remarkably brilliant in color.
chest, it presents a very funny appear- It is a rare bird, and living specimens
ance. are seldom found in a state of captivity.

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