Florida mirror
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054505/00184
 Material Information
Title: Florida mirror
Uniform Title: Florida mirror (Fernandina, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: A.B. Campbell, Geo. Burnside
Place of Publication: Fernandina Fla
Creation Date: September 8, 1883
Publication Date: 1878-
Frequency: semiweekly[<1894-1899>]
weekly[ former 1878-<1886>]
triweekly[ former <1890-1891>]
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
Coordinates: 30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 30, 1878)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1901.
General Note: "Democratic" <1880>.
General Note: Editor: Geo. R. Fairbanks, <1887>.
General Note: Publishers: George R. Fairbanks, <1885-1886>; Moore & Manucy, <1887-1891>; The Mirror Pub. Co., <1894-1898>.
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057832
oclc - 33834378
notis - AKP5868
lccn - sn 95047336
System ID: UF00054505:00184
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Nassau County star

Full Text

s, : JLJOBb Jflirror.I:;I

: 13 IC ,

I -' ,




STATE NEWS. NEWS NOTES. THE FLORIDA flANALS" -BARGE this subject exhaustively, and I would emphatically Reducing the Taxes. ,

AND SHIP.To commend to the earnest study of The County Commissioners completedtheir

Orange.A A report prepared under Government auspices the Editor of the Mirror: anyone thinking of embarking in either of labors as a Board of Equalization this

the schemes (but especially those looking week. We glad to be able to state that
few days ago the writer, while returning says that the area of land in Manitoba The New York Sun in a very remarkablear- are

from Orlando, paid a visit to the dredge broken for the first time is 99,911 acres. ticle, March 27, reviewed,both of these projects favorably on a ship canal), to read the articles through the good management of these able
of the Hon. Robert Gamble and Colonel gentlemen in recent the is in
boat, and found it'hard at work below whatis The French are experimenting with a new and after a masterly.analysis of the subject years county
L. C. B., in the Savannah Morning News. such prosperous condition that the Commissioners
known as the upper ford, a short distance rifle, designed for infantry use, which is said pronounced, and in very strong language,
Such practical writers and leave deemed it
reasoners advisable to reduce the
south of Lake Beauclair. Here, as we have to discharge three projectiles at a time. on theabsolutely unquestionable superiority
literally nothing to be said. Yet the rate of taxation for
unanswerable county purposes from 12
readers the canal of the laiddown'by'General
before informed our barge scheme 8S
Casamicciola, the' little' watering-place on case made by them in favor of the mills in 1882 to 85 ; adding to this the mills
through sand. The small dredgeboatwent Gillmore and other perfectly unbiased engineers
dug the Island of Ischia, in the Mediterranean barge system fully justifies the exceedingly already taken off by order of the State authorities
and cut a the crude and chimerical
down in high water, simply over proposition
recently destroyed by an earthquake, is to strong language used by the trenchant editor we have a reduction of 5i mills on
channel for itself, so that really the boat put forward without any regular surveys
be rebuilt. of the Sun, in the article of the 27th of the taxes for 1883, or a saving to the peopleof
at work has had to do the entire called The Ship Canal.
now The Navajo Indians of New Mexico are March, denouncing the ill-advised ship canal this county of 7000. The rate this yearis
work. It is now cutting a canal through So thoroughly impracticable did this latter -
likely to be well supplied with funds this project. In this connection too, it may be as follows :
sand twenty-three feet wide and seven feet project appear to the Legislature and theintelligent
to take 800,000 poundsof well to reprint the interview of the Floridian STATE.
They expect
deep. The work is necessarily slow but is year.wool and 600,000 skins and furs to mar- public of Florida that it was only with Governor Bloxham,inasmuch as many General State tax......._.................. 4 milts <
being thoroughly performed. We remainedfor after a protracted struggle.and: many amend-, General school tax.....,;................. 1" ,';'
persons outside of the State were led to believe
some time watching the operation. The ments that the measure gassed at all ; whereas COUNTY.
that the ship canal scheme had not
huge bucket rose with its load of sand and Work on the Panama Canal is being so perfectly patent were the merits of his full General county tax........................ 4 '*

deposited it on the side in a high white pushed forward with great energy. The total the barge canal, both as, regarded the feasibility only approval and sanction, but was County school tax......................... 3 "

mound. Several hundred feet have been number of workmen is over 10,000, principally of the route (as pointed l out by Gen being carried out under his special supervision Sinking fund and interest tax......_ 1J "

etc. That incident was as follows --
and it is thought that by the 20th Jamaicans. The work is divided eral Gillmore in his report and plans to the
completed, Total State and county tax.........13J mills
of September the work through this bodyof among a number of contractors, all of National Government), and its wonderful It having been published that the incor-
porators of the Florida Ship Canal had The taxable property in the county -
sand will be complete and the little lake whom, except two, have commenced opera adaptability to all the requirements of the .' taken every step in the matter with the over $1,300,000 an increase of aggregates $100-

reached. The work will then be light the tions. trade, whether local, foreign, or domestic, advice and concurrence of Governor Blox
000 over 1882. The total amount to be collected -
balance of the way into Lake Beauclair About a year ago a manufacturing com that both houses of the Legislature grantedits ham, a reporter of the Floridian called
that official to inquire what truth will be a little over $17,000.
week at the mouthto Conn. notice charter the almost unanimous vote of upon r
although it may take a pany in Willimantic, gave by there was in the statement. The Governor The estimates of the School Board wire

remove the sand and render navigationsecure. th.it after the expiration of twelve monthsno 154: yeas to 2 nays. very promptly replied that the incorporators $5,900 for the 43 schools of the county add

Still, it is thought that the canal employ would be retained in the mills Let it be borne in mind, also, that the superior had never consulted him in any of their ;
ing to this the salary of the superintendentand
will be thrown open to navigation by November who could not read and write. Evening advantages of a barge canal were movements, and that he khew nothing more .t
the board
of the project than other citizens-and all it would aggregate nearly
1st although it be ready by schools established. The few who pointed out by General Gillmore after a careful -
may were neglected he knew was from the public press ; that he $7,000. The provisions made for school pur-
October 15th. The canal is too narrow as a to learn to read and write have received survey of the best route for a ship canal had never been asked for his advice in any
poses by the board, according to the above
permanent work,and will have to be widenedto notice of their dismissal. in Florida, from the Atlantic to the Gulf of matter connected with their organization,
and knew nothing whatever of their plans rate of taxation, together with the State
at least fifty feet to secure certain naviga As a sanitary measure, the Paris health Mexico." (See his instructions from the that the assertion that the company acted;, tax and $400 of interest money, will make:

tion. At the upper ford the excavation authorities have been testing, on limited Senate, January, '1877..), '. with his advice and concurrence" .was an the appropriations available for the School

should be at least seventy-five feet wide to scale, the pneumatic system for rapidly exhausting Besides the enormous'and.l ( as a commercial entire mistake, without slightest grounds Board
nearly $6,000, about $3,800 of whichis
for the
statement. "Indeed, said the Gov-
serve the double purpose of enabling boatsto of their contents. The success speculation absolutely ruinous)
sewers ernor, "there has" not been the slightest paid by the city of Fernandina. The salaries
pass each other, and to prevent washingin of the plan has led to such remarkable difference in cost of tie two, undertakings, communication between the company and of Superintendent and School Boardare

of the sand. We suppose that this widen results in causing, in certain localities, a decline being as $7,000,000 to -.$( XJOO,000., General myself upon any question, either as to the paid out of the general fund.

ing will be accomplished next year. Every in the number of 'cases of typhoid Gillmore was, no doubt, much influencedin organization." plans, objects, or anythingelse.

person who owns land on the lake requiresthis fever, that it will soon be further tested on his report in favcf of the barge system The

done, and the enormous traffic that will 'I an extensive scale. by the to him, well-known geological As regards the merits of a ship canal it City Council.

be on Lake Apopka will make this a neces difficulties inseparable from any deep will thus be scan thatif we look fora favora- The regular weekly meeting of the board
Professor Bell, the inventor of the Bell was hpv .> iv Inesday, President Hoytin
sity. canal cutting in Florida; The line of route blejudgment to eminent public officials or .
telephone, has become involved as plaintiffin f :nt : Aldermen Av.! ,
journalists to intelligent citizens or practical ry
indicated by the projectors of the ship canal ,
RAILROAD NOTES. some heavy litigation concerning alleged Kelly, Williams, 1. .iiison and King.A .
scientific who have the .
((30 feet deep), abounds with both impracticable -
infringements of his patent, in Prague, Tri petition was received, signed by twenty'
"quicksands" and the even more to matter serious attention, we look in vain ;

THE FIRST RAILRoAD.-Last week was an este, and other places in the Austrian do be dreaded .'* but that from each and every one of these, two young men, asking Council to providean M

event in the history of Tavares. When we main. The defendants are some of the most and the cordial and apparatus, in order to form a hook and
At Trail Ridge the construction of the general public a unanimous -
last went to press the railroad workmenwere prominent capitalists of the empire and the is i ladder company. The petition was referredto
railroad had to be altered by a detour of be- approval unhesitatingly given to
laying track on the Boulevard in front leading lawyers of the country have been the a special committee, consisting of Messrs.
tween six and seven miles, in order to lay a I simple yet thoroughly comprehensive,
of this office, but it was not until the next retained on both sides. I of Kelly, Avery and King.
simple railroad track, not twenty feet broad, system cheap transportation proposed by

day when the construction train came There is in San Francisco a shoe manu over its treacherous surface. Yet at this the Atlantic & Mexican Gulf (Barge) Canal Another petition of the same purport,

slowly down the broad avenue with a loud factory which is owned and managed by a very place it is propose'Q-wi l lead a canal with' Company of Georgia and Florida, 10 feet signed by a number of colored persons, was "

whistle of salutation, that everybody real- Chinese firm. "The products of the factoryare a depth of 30 feet and a width of 150 feet, ,deep, cost $7,000,000. ALEX. CURTIS.St. read, which- vas referred to the-same""corn'..:. ft-'

ized fully that our isolation from rail communication said to be as diverse in style, workman through quicksands some 150 feet high Mary's, Ga., September, 1S83. mittee. .

was a thing of the past, and ship, and price, as those of the Eastern -- Alderman King gave notice that at the
No such obstacle, as far as I am aware, or
that Tavares was a part of the railroad About 200 laborers Chinese and next regular meeting he should introducean
shops. ,
anything like it, (and I write with the plans THE FLORIDA SHIP CANAL.To .
world. Through the entire length of the The amendment to Rule 36, so as to providefor
white goods producedare
are employed. before me,) is to be found in Count de Lesseps' the Editor of the Sun :
Boulevard stretches the track of the St. a committee on fire department.
sold on the Pacific coast, in British
great work at Suez. SIR-In this morning's Sun is printed a
Johns & Lake Eustis Railroad. Just beyondthe America, Mexico, the Sandwich Islands, But supposing the enormous difficultiesof notice of meeting of the incorporators of Alderman Hoyt gave notice that at the

mill in front of the depot lot the rails China, and Japan. the Florida Ship Canal Company. The pa- next meeting he should introduce amend-
such a cutting to be overcome, and this
cease for the present, to be carried forwardin pers seem to treat this project seriously, and ments to the rules, regarding the payment
The presence in Savoy, at Aix, of the Italian "scylla" passed, a terrible "charybdis"awaits it is about time to let the public know that

a few weeks to Oxmoor, on Lake Harris.At Minister of War Ferrero, is spoken of as every yard of the work in the treacherous the scheme is wild and utterly impracticable. of bills. .

present the hands are employed in level First-It would cost five times as much Alderman Robinson gave notice that at
a sign of future war. The Italian officersare crust beneath the "pick" of the navvyor I
II as estimate made by the engineers the next he should introduce
ing up the track and in other ways prepar- I money any meeting an
taking lists of mules and donkeys fit for blast of the excavators, for as surely as about $250,000,000.
ing the road for permanent traffic. The I' amendment to the fire ordinance.
carrying burdens on the Alps, and the recent the French adage puts it, Ce n'estpas le Second-It would require more time to go
track on the Boulevard will be leveled and I Upon motion of Mr. King the Street Committee -
the canal than to the
visit of Moltke in the maritime Alps, especially premier pas qui coute," the first plunge of the through keep open sea.
the entire street graded, the railroad com Third-The insurance would be higher by I, was requested to visit the ruins of
in the Raja valley, is connected with ship canal into a Florida sink will assuredly i
pany having agreed to do this in return for one-half of one per cent., the making of two the late fire and examine as to the danger
this present visit of Italian officers. It is be the last seen 'or,heard of that unfortunate ports adding to the risk.
the privilege of passing through the of their falling in, with to take such
avenue. power
noticed, also, that all the coin gathered for undertaking, save by the distracted Fourth-It would he quarantined half of
; As soon as the grading is complete the Pen the time. steps for the protection of life, etc., as they
redemption of paper money is closely keptin shareholders, desolated" over its untimely i
insular Land, Transportation and Manu Fifth-No shipmaster would be foolish deem necessary.Mr. .
hand, and banks have been authorized to fate. Yet Floridian knows the whole
every the canal if it
enough to patronize was
facturing Company will fence and side- J. A. Ellermann, on behalf of Mrs.
make new issues of paper money. peninsula is honey-combed with subterranean
walk the track from Texas to St. Clair- These ideas original and absurd Gelia Billings, appeared before the board
water-courses. may seem ,
Abrams avenue, and will pack the centreof Birmingham, Ala., known as the Magic but any honest man who desires to satisfy with affidavits in regard to three lost bonds "

the avenue with saw-dust, making a City, has had a growth not less remarkablethan It was not my intention to address you himself can consult any shipmaster or un of the city belonging to the estate of the

that of some of the famous Western again on this subject until I had the pleasure derwriters' agency in the city of New Yorkor F
superb The sidewalk will also be late Liberty Billings asking for a reestablishment -
towns. In 1873 it was a ragged village of of announcing the final organization of elsewhere, and he will find that I am
planted with shade trees, thus giving to right, and that my conclusions have been of these papers. The matter was

the Boulevard four rows of shade trees. 2,500 inhabitants. In that year it was nearly the Barge Canal Company, but the appear formed after a thorough investigation of the referred to the Finance Committee. The

Construction of the handsomest depot and depopulated by a cholera epidemic. An era ance of the annexed letter in the New York subject.It bonds lost are No. 10 for $100, and Nos. 13

of railroad building set in in the State, and Sun of the 20th ult. reminds me that some would not materially shorten the distance .
warehouse on the line of the road will be and 14 for $50 each, with some coupons at-
are still to be found outside Flori- for any vessels except those plying
the intersection of two lines there brought persons of
begun by Mr. Perry, the- able architect of from our Gulf ports coastwise. All foreign tached.
Birmingham's population up to 4,000 in da, who believe that an attempt will be madeto
the company, at once. The building will be vessels would prefer Cape Florida or the
1880. A commence work on a ship canal. Before Windward The Weather
25x60 without the platforms, and will be exceeding census just completed gives the pas -age.
city in 1883 11,348 inhabitants. The assessed doing so let them weigh well the (really incalculable The dangers of the Florida Reefs are fearfully Through Mr. O. W.Maxwell we have been '
tasteful in
All the tim
appearance. over-estimated on account of the vast
furnished the record of observa-
value of property has increased in three ) cost. monthly
ber will be dressed, the weatherboarding be- number of vessels intentionally run on the
from $3,000,000 to $8,300,000. The In General Gillmore's reliable estimate dishonest tions taken at Fernandina Station duringthe
ing of novelty siding, with neat ornamentation years by captains or owners to get
growth of the town is due to the develop this is put down on the cheapest, and geo- insurance and a "divy" of the salvage. month of August, 1883:
throughout. The building will standat
ment of the iron mines in the vicinity.The logically by far most feasible route viz. : That is a thing of the past.
I Max. .fin. Rain
the foot of Mill avenue,.about one hundred The danger of lying in the bight of Florida Date.
I Times-Democrat of New "From St. Mary's, on the Atlantic throughthe the Gulf end of the canalis Ther. Titer. fall.Aug. .
feet from the mill log boom. The view pub near proposed __I _
Okefinokee Swamp to St.Iark's, on the much greater than in the most treacherous -' ,
from this point is really beautiful the Zell- lishes interviews with Governors of many of all 1 .................. 89 I 73 .8.5
water coasts.
piece on our
Gulf at millions of dollars.
wood hills, twelve miles distant to the southeast Southern States upon the prosperity and advancement sixty Foreign vessels would have to enter and 2 .................. 90 74 ..........._

looming up on the broad of of their respective Common- Mr. Gleason, civil engineer in his able clear at each end of the canal, towagein h 3 .................. 92 76 ............

expanse and exhaustive examination of the lower pay dues a 4 .................. 88 74 ............
Lake wealths from which it that Alabama's towage out, towage through, port ,
Dora's blue waters. Adjoining this I appears canal route and speaking with sin dues toll 5 .................., 89 74 ............
ship ,
a pilotage hospital tonnage, run
railroad lot is a lot upon which a large grain, I cotton mills paid 15 per cent. dividends the chance of quarantine, and have all dutiable as 6 .................. 88 74 .............

hay and feed warehouse will be built this last year her iron mills are wonder gularly accurate knowledge of the geological goods under supervision of a customs u 7 .................. 86 75 .02

fully productive and her tax rate has been formation which must be encountered all the while the 8 .................. 81 72 2.84:
coming fall. West of this is lot reservedfor inspector way through,
a derived from close observation and practical officers would be to stand 9 .................. 78 68 1.30
compelled over
reduced that is
the Transit & Peninsular Railroad. ; Georgia adding 150,000 ..
this section the with to them from i0.. 81 71 ............
tests throughout extendingover crew handspikes keep
Trains will begin running regularly next spindles to its cotton, mills each year; that deserting. While it would be but 300 miles h 11................... 81 1 73 ..:.........

Monday, and as soon as the steamer Lake Mississippi is rapidly adding to its mileageof fifteen years, places the cost at $200,000- further to go around, it would take several aa 12.................. 84 1.72 .............

railroads that Tennessee is 000, while Mr. MacDonald, also an experienced to the canal including 'a 13................... 83 72 ..... .......
making days longer through I
Dora is great go
brought back into this lake this will ; civil engineer, and with practical lying outside for weather to come in, .e 14.................. 85 69 ............

be the shipping point for Mount Dora, Tangerine strides since the State debt settlement ; that and all incident to two 15.................. 86 72 ........,...
delays making ports.
Zellwood, Sorrento, Lake Carleton, Florida is reclaiming vast tracts of wild knowledge of the route, names $250,000,000as There is a vast difference between canals u it;................... 89 75 ............

lands and filling with settlers that Louisiana's the probable cost. the isthmus of Panama and u 17.................. 88 74 ......:.....
etc. The Lake Dora would begin her at I up ; across grand .
last the Surely any one of these estimates is more Suez, where 10,000 miles of sailing is saved, 18.................... 86 68 .28 $
once but she has been chartered the St. crops year were biggest ever u
be relied and the of Florida i9. 87 73 ............
to than the figures for one across peninsula ,
gathered there and that Texas has 37.000- on put h .................. .
Johns & Lake Eustis Road to carry freightsinto ; where only from 300 to 500 miles could be 20. 91 76 .... .......

Lakes Eustis and Harris until the Roxie : 000 acres of land to convert into a school ward in the report" alluded to, the statistics saved. There is four times as much traffic 21.................. 92 74 ..........._ d

I for which were gathered in such unseemly around the of Malacca Denmarkor h 22.................. 88 75 ............
fund that child within her borders peninsulas .
has her new engines put in. She will coine so every haste, as editorial of this day Spain, but no ship canal exists at any of .' 23................... 87 73 ............ i

into Lake Dora about the 15th of September, white and black, can be educated without your those points. ,e 24................... 88 73 .- .......... s

and after some slight overhauling will begin cost to the people. ((1st) puts it: JOHN A. MAcDoxALD, C. E. t. 25.............._...,. 8- 75'a ............

It is well known to us in Florida that the Eustis Fla.. August fO, 1883. 26..................,. 8.5 72 .42 '

making regular trips to the points named. List of Letters surveys have been mere surface surveys, of 27.................. 84 72. ..........._ .

At any rate it is certain that by the 20th of the most superficial character, and hardly u 28.................. 81 71 .74 1;

September she will be ready for business. A Remaining in the Post-Office Fernaudi-" covered four weeks of actual time. We also For Rent. 29................... 83 71 ..23'u

na, Nassau county, Florida, Sept. 8, 1883. know that General Stone the chief engineer 30.................. 82 70 .. -
regular tariff of charges is being in One of the best truck-farms inthis sec-
prepared Persons for these letters must
calling say u 75 ....... ... l
advertised was only in Florida 48 hours, and has tion of the country. For particulars applyto 31..o .. .
connection with the railroad companywhich :
'no whatever of the .
: personal knowledge MRS. EMMA FLETCHER. r
, will be announced at the proper time.-Tav-. Brock, Capt. M. E. Williams, Theodo routes surveyed. Third Street.. j. 2n3. ................... 8524.3117224.31{ ",

ares Herald. SAM'L T. ,RIDDELL. P. :M. Far abler pens than mine have treated Fernandina, August 11,1883-tf. Total rain fall, 6.71.




1 ,

;' t;. .

" ":;. J' .

i 1 ;:.li 'j". II! ..,11:'..,;.... THE FLORIDA MIRROR : SEPTEMBER : 8. :i. "" Z :'" ,

:,; .Ii t, ;'1; ; I '. .
t. t'I\ I ,
) 1 rt AN AUTUMN HOUR.V I This was true nothing was counted ; I 1 be saying' something to her. The noises must be ':
t1 rJ. ,'f:: ..: !i you prudent. "My house is strictly Henceforth she belonged to her idol. Pres- :j
II 'neither food ob- from
., plate, nor nor precious the river, the last horses returning: kept; don't you go on! and amuse yourself ent or absent, he
t. ;, ,, !\. $r ; !! More than the glow of June 'was in the | jects-in short, nothing, and yet nothing from their evening drink, passing at 'a quick making gallant speeches to my girls." for him alone she breathed.was her She adored master;
': ,. 'J' Ii' I branch was ever stolen. What' was the good of trot before her, shaking their wet manes, I ", Oh, mother, what do you take me for?" almost hated the have
P r; !; ,;,f i : : !t Whereon the low sun burned,.yet here and stealing? What could be the use of stolen the distant songs; faint as an echo, of the i carelessly replied the man. I thinkof convalescence that day by
was him
', ''jtl':: :t" :i r!, young day taking from her, had not the
there in like this remote from
things a place peasants returning in their tffiffites from : a woman only when she is in a casket man's weakness
/ it'; .. <:.:.;... ; i Lightly the brown leaf swayed in air and towns, where you could not wear them, their day's labor-all these rustic familiar suited to her style of beauty. Now, here young to seek her aid. obliged him frequently -

t., f. 'r"L" / :: j' fell ; since you might be detected and arrested, things brought back the sweet memory of you may have pearls, but the casket is totally with a stick in one hand Supporting and himself
1"' ', And for sweet songs of summer not a sound nor sell them, as there were no tradespeople the past, and made l her: live, in! joyous anticipation wanting." the other Mavra's resting'
:; : : t : ; Was heard of the wanderingwind. ? In this mansion the doors of I on shoulder he would
i' save whispers ,lordly ,. of the future, smoothing and brightening They burst out laughing together. Only walk round his room. She
"l' "
: was happy and
't I t"'::"' which were never shut, nothing within the her path. those who thoroughly:\1nderstood these two the when
proud day to
:.' ;i:; ::;. ; An hour too bright for too sad of had been give the Countess a
sorrow, yet.
1 >1 { memory man ever purloined.As The young grooms noticed the pretty girl beings could have guessed beneath this light surprise she led 'him thus into
. 8 9 (".\:1: ti For exultation ; where two Seasons met: a set-off to this, the candle was kept that.ca'rae out and ,stood every evening by talk the strict propriety of the mother and salon where the the little
,',' J t, .\1. '. Autumn, her basket full of golden fruit, burning at the two ends ; but are not can- the gate'to breathe the air by order of the the son's respect for : the maternal home. Countess thinking he was
: ',; :ttl I At distance hailed by Winter's frozen beard ; dles meant to be burned? and if so, is it not Countess." They mustered courage at first But Russians of the asleep, was reading a devotional book. The
, ':q' r't"1:' _: Like life which the end not far. burn them grand monde are so constituted agitated joy of the mother and the nervous
the to
:r J.: sees right thing up as quicklyas j to say "good evening, then to add a few that when they have no vice they gayety of the son brought tears to the
I ; ; since there others eyes
possible, are ready as words. Young Russians of this class
are take all
imaginable trouble to affect it.
, It'J; i ) I t Yet was the hour a joy, and what would be soon as these are consumed ? This was the neither rude forward of the young peasant girl ; but stoical, like
nor so long as brandy On
'! t., r the leaving the dining-room the Countessand all her race, she drove her tears back
Dimmed the
destroyed to
; ; i present, nor economic principle that ruled this old does
pro- not flow in their veins, and the Coun-
,t j1.: 1 1{: J her son directed their steps toward the heart.

': : ,.( ":;' ::t', That filled peace all nature. When the high hilltop had vincial to be seignorial purchased mansion save tea, where coffee little, else tess was implacable on the score of drunk- garden. In front of tilE house, in the court- Serge walked alone with a stick, then
sugar, enness. answered in her sweet voice
yard, they met Mavra: under the
stooping without stick
: \ : a limping a little and
. : ;'\\ I and wine,all other things being furnished by and sometimes ; by by
, N f'i .: !t I climbed, all fair and wide the landscape the bounteous earth, which produced the teeth. But laughed, showing weight of an enormous pile of linen which his firm, elastric tread was heard again on
no one dared venture further
she was carrying frorn the laundry. The waxed
the oak
showed The northern
"t fed the
and cattle.
..; harvests with her. She would slip, as it were, through sheets held in under
: her crossed hands
. f '. :, And the fresh wind chased darksome "This is better than winter was come, snow already blocking up
' your village, con- their fingers and scared into the house.After .
"j' run reached
.; thoughts so high that; she had to raise her from time to time the seignorial mansion
away, ,
' :, tinued Dacka, proud of belonging to such a few attempts the young lads grew chin and turn her head sideways in orderto
r.: : Up in the sky,snow-mountains of the clouds noble masters, and desirous to then melting under the breath of a warmer
on accustomed to her reserved and to :
,; ';: 'A drove while below ways, see before her. wind till the great winter blockade
'j" mightier gale swiftly
\ finally
'" the mind of the simple peasant girl the importance speak frankly, they liked her all the better. See
there said
is.'v the
see Countess in set in. One
Alternate fields were brightened and day a sledge lined with fur and
grew and of the
dignity functions she
4 The coachman Simeon alone
,, ': dim; who was not French, stopping to look at ber.U drawn by spirited horses, clinking the bells

i :, ; ;V 't' i f And all the vales and gentle hills appeared was"It promoted is more to.beautiful replied :Mavra used to such dainty damsels his superb It is hard to say whether she is a Ra- that studded the harness, drew up before the
beard and black velvet "
:: garments always phael or a Greuze, said Serge. This morning door. and
Soft undulations of Serge mother into it
;; a heaving sea, her work. I stepped ,
bending intently over
winning at last a kiss, taken and given back she had more the took of with !
::. ', ; Whereof crests the a Raphael waving a friendly farewell to the householdthat
some gay only caught '
c : It was lucky they taught to
em- with tried
I I you good grace-Simeon one eveningto a Russian nose; it is a;hybrid style of beau- crowded around with benedic
t I sun, broider, else you would have been sent to steal close to the pretty I girl while she, in ty, but it has a certain charm." tions. The Countess noisy
The rest in shadow and was to the winterat
.' .I, were swayed green the poultry yard to feed the cocks and hens her reverie, was gazing at the stars. He approached They continued their walk while Mavra St. where pass
Petersburg, her to
, gloom. and look after the calves. How did you without: letting himself be heard son was resume -
Vs ; I entered the work-roo.ru with her pile of his service in the Hussars of Grodno.
';... ." Down from the summits and the wooded learn" ? and succeeded in getting his magnificentbeard linen ; when her hands were free she stood i When they were gone, when the heavy gate
:My mother taught me she was formerly close to the
; dreamer's :
i young cheek. and silent
."j' slopes I trembling as though she had which Mavra had opened one beautiful Au-
' ,. ". the rich forest the silent in service; she was a dvorovaia in the Warned by a rustling, she started suddenly, been guilty of a crime""
l Through by gust day was shut and the snow fell slowly
of the She
time married
: I took my homeward way with heart that a turned her head, and in the movement received ell, what are you waiting! for?" said in large flakes reflecting the colors of the
1 1.l peasant. the kiss she wished to avoid. one of the girls pulling her the
:H ,
praised it shut
apron. prism, out all the outer world from
.', The sweetness of the peaceful autumn-time, "Ah !I" said Dacka, I thought your man- "Oh !1" she said, with inexpressible hor- "I don't know," replied Mavra. I feelas the inmates of the seignorial mansion.

: Which after labor ended, breathes of Rest. ners were not quite those of a peasant girl ; ror, wiping her cheek so violently with her if I bad received a blow, and my hands Mavra returned to her
embroidery frame
if mother in service that's '
Im your was another sleeve that she tore the fine skin. "
: keep on trembling.
Tayside. no longer under the
orders of the
thing. Come, take a of coffee with me. All the good
'q cup servants around laughed, for Si- You carried too heavy: a load for
your Dacka. but under the fitful
,., THE LITTLE RUSSIAN SERVANT. Prepare the coffee-pot and make haste be- meon had prided himself on a better recep- strength. Sit down, and you will see it will intendence of a housekeeper capricious super-in the
} I fore the come. I can'lyou ask every one, tion. off." I
pass interval with the work-room
" ',: understand. "Don't try that again. Simeon or I shall And in fact it did department.
, Who's that? said the Countess, stopping pass away in a few min Life was not so easy, but what mattered it
: .' .' J'! J .. in front of a young girl of 15 or 16, In this way, honored by the Countess'eyeglass tell the Countess." Her eyes filled with utes, but from that moment Mavra was to Mavra that there should be harsh-
; ., bent and favored by the lady's maid'scoffee tears at the insult, and she looked at him haunted of black more
" I s over an embroidery frame. The young her by a pair eyes little ness or less kindness? She did not live in
:Mavra began life as an embroideress with
i girl rose, prostrated herself thrice before her a menacing air. suspected it. :; the present. Her waking hours
:t r ; mistress, then, getting up, remained stand- which, to all appearance, was destinedto She spoke in a tone so earnest so deeply Her veneration forthe; Countess was in in an innocent ecstacy that were her passed!

ing, her hands hanging by her side, her go on indefinitely, to save her father from hurt, that the head lady's maid stopped the no wise diminished by: this. On the contrary without suffering. She did wore not know away this
\' \ head bent more irksome toil without remuneration.The laughter by saying with a voice of authority: she loved her if
slightly forward under the investigating more, possible. But in was love. Had she known it,
,' : a.' gaze of the Countess, who, through arrangement suited the Countess, and Mavra is a good girl, and is right to reserve place of one idol she had two. By little innocent prayers or tears would have been no amountof
: f as she had a passion for embroideries a pas- herself for her future husband. You tactics that enoughto
her eye-glass, surprised herself she succeeded her
: closelyscrutinized.
expiate unpardonable sin. She loved
It is the new girl, your Highness," answered sion shared by most Russian ladies, she pre- are a good girl ; and you, Simeon, are a lubber in having theservice: of the young just as flowers blossom her ideal
; was ex-
it the head lady's maid, coming forward ferred having a good embroiderer in her to have frightened her in this way." Count's room assigned to her, and thence- alted, her dream and she lived
i work-room to having a peasant at the plow. The coachman tried to it off with a forth her pure upon
with the air of importance that thirtyyears' pass happiness was complete. The them. One less chaste would have died.
i To Mavra there was but little difference joke, but Dacka was more than a match for of the :
: employment gives to no matter what care wardrobe was in the hands of And as regards the Count he had
functionary. She is the daughter of Foma, between the isba of her father and the work him ; it was no easy matter to have the last the valet de chambre, who scrupulously idea of all this. young no

' ., of the village of Ikonine. She is come in room of the seignorial mansion. Here, as word in a discussion with her. Simeon soon avoided doing anything else ; and while The Countess came back in spring and

i her turn to pay her father's obrok-he is in there, her life was spent in assiduous work gave it up. Ma'vra silently disappeared, Serge, on his magnificent black horse, was the house resumed its grand, hospitableways.
Moscow." from sunrise to sunset. There, her mother, and while the dispute was still going on galloping along underJhe; vaulted arches of Mavra was profoundly touched

"These peasant girls can do nothing," an austere, sombre woman, like most village she, with head buried in her pillow, was i the pine forests that interwove their long find that her mistress, far from having for-to
to whom life had
'.,1' t i f said the Countess, with a wearied; "what matrons proved no sobbing bitterly.She branches above his head, Mavra, penetratedby gotten, inquired kindly after her. She returned -
':- do you expect to get out of this one?" light matter; here the lady's maid, often cried with shame at the rude liberty a sweet emotion. With profound grati- to her personal attendance the

+ "..: '; f r She doesn't embroider badly, your Highness grumbling, but at times kind and even con- that had been taken with her in the pres- tude to God for making her life so easy and Countess with more devoted fervor upon than
{t descending. The chief difference betweenthe ence of all the others, and forsomething be-
look with her
; ; pray yourself. She can be put happy, was smoothing ever. Later on, the young master was to
i i1 to the embroideries-not to the ground, but two modes of life consisted in the daily sides that-for her wounded modesty ; for hands the fine linen sheets of the camp bed come back. Dacka conveyed in a mysterious -

r to the trimmings. This is for the toilet visit of the Countess, who generally said invincible disgust. Had no one been wit- on which her dear young master slept, and manner that he had something better to
1 I table of Madame la Comtesse.". nothing, but passed with a solemn air ness of the scene she would have shed the passing her hesitating fingers over the pil do than bury himself in the In
.',< 1! through this room, full of silent, awestricken same burning tears. She could not have low. country.
The noble lady, who could hardly see, "He will place his head there when the evening she confided to the laundress,
t' being short-sighted from her birth, examined women. But one thing was lacking to said why ; had she been questioned her only night comes, and close his eyes in sleep." in interminable whispers, secrets that were
. i :' '. ;; the embroidery frame so closely that Mavra, and this nothing could replace-the answer would have been, I don't like it." This thought made the young girl raise her no doubt interesting: but which Mavra made

the tip of her nose grazed the cloth. evening hour of rest \\hich she used to But to say why, she was incapable.And hand and blush as though there had been a no attempt to overhear, being by nature discreet -
t spend by the fountain when sent to draw so'in tears she fell before :
'. That's not bad, she said. Come here, asleep, the profanation. and reserved.On .
'.. f l'ttl.I" water for her mother, or on the thresholdof other girls, less sensitive, had returned from Serge was the most breakneck rider in the the eve of St. John, when

t. The little girl advanced, and the Countess their cabin watching the spring rain fall- their daily stroll with their sweethearts. world ; not from bravado, since for the most plait crowns of flowers, which young they throw girls

'.: : inspected her as minutely as she had done ing soft and warm, melting the snow so From this day forth all treaated with deference part he was alone when he performed his into the river to see if they are to be married

;, :. the embroidery. quickly that its thickness might be seen the girl's reserve. The story was told wild exploits, but froni instinctive contempt within the Mavra went like the
,- '. "- ." How pretty she is 1 What's your name!I" visibly diminishing: or, again, in the monthof to the Countess by: the discreet head lady's i for danger. With a bound of his horse he others, to consult year fate after this graceful
May, standing at the edge of the forest maid, and the noble lady looked scrutiniz-
i r? Ia vra. I would leap over the hedges: and ditches that fashion. She never dreamed of marriage
,-, The word came like a breath from the listening to the nightingales singing on the ingly at the young girl when she came to I inclosed the fields, and, when the whim it was a closed world to her, into which she;

f rosy lips. delicate golden branches of the perfumed attend on her, but not a word of praise or I seized him, would launch his horse to swim had no desire to penetrate; but she would

You must speak louder if you want us birch tree.Winter. blame was uttered, and Mavra took for I across a river-never troubling himself to plait a crown and watch it through the
1'' to hear you," said the lady's maid angrily. passed fairly well, but when the granted that no one thought more of the ad find a ford ; it was sootier done ; besides, in eddies of the capricious stream. The girls

I ," : Mavra turned her large blue startled eyes breath of warm air set the melted snow venture. these feats of strength and dexterity a stoic had thrown in their garlands. Mavra's got

'' : toward her, let them drop, and said nothing. streaming down the roofs, which again thenight's Summer was already on the wane when indifference to pain or.peril grows gradually entangled in flowers that a young lad of
f,", ,i ,: Sit down to your work,'' said the Coun- frost transformed into long stalac- the noble mansion, habitually so tranquil, along with a feeling of the ridiculous when twenty had just flung in. He was a car-
:.' ', '," .. tess, amused at her new toy. With a quick, tites of ice, Mavra felt a strange vague ach- was suddenly filled with noise and gayety. the least prudence is exercised. penter. The two crowns whirled round in :1
f f' ',, : graceful movement the young girl resumed ing in her heart. The house was overheated. The young Count Serge had sent his car- One fine morning, clearing a hedge six company, and vanished together from view

.' \ .', her seat on the wooden chair, and the nee- and the close, nauseous air made her riages on before him; saddle horses and feet high-there were none lower-the at the bend of the river. \\

k.M' ;.';, f dIe firmly held between her. agile fingers sick. What would she not give to run as of hounds were stamping and neighing in their Count's horse stumbled and fell on its side. "Here we are engaged, Iavra," said the j
\\j.: .i : went in and out of the stuff with that short, old over the moors, to see if the moss were stalls and barking in theirkennels though A touch of the spur made it spring up, but carpenter. Let it be once for all.'*

:J rt. sharp noise that stimulates the action of the beginning to appear under the cry>talized the one aim of life were to make the most when Serge tried to spur the other side, thaton "No," she replied calmly, without blush-
,:- hand. transparent carpet of snow !Ih noise possible in a given time. which it had fallen,, he suffered excruciating ing.

'y' ,:. : That's right, you may go on," said the What's the matter with this little girl?" "How handsome is our young Count?" pain. Fortunately it was the last Why ? Do you dislike me?"

n,' :: Countess, her nerves irritated by the regularity asked the Countess one day, as she stopped Dacka kept on saying the livelong day, to hedge, else he would .have had some difficulty No, not more than other people. I don't
0(\ 1 ,i+1. of the movement. before the frame at which the young peasant while away the tedious hours in the silent in getting home.He pushed on, how- wish to marr)'.'* ,

,,4 i;; :e- Then turning her back upon the young girl was diligently working. "She was as work-room. It waS I received him in my ever, and reached the entrance, but when This was enough to make the carpenter

'lr' : ; girl, and trailing the heavy sumptuous folds fresh as a rose, and now she has grown yel arms when he was.born." he endeavored to rest his foot on the stirrupto persist in his wish. He tried every means-

,!II of her dressing-gown along the carefully 10Do you feel pain anywhere, Mavra ?" And she repeated again and again, with alight, he found it absolutely; impossible went the length of begging the Countess to

: washed pine-wood floor, she disappeared Mavra raised her blue eyes to the noble inexhaustible complacency, the history ofSergc's and amid the lamentations of the servants intercede for him. Mavra. sent for by her
;, {, through the door, which was respectfully lady, who, for the second time in her life, birth, and the legend of his boyhood who had gathered around he had to let him- mistress, gave the same explanation.

y... t+. closed after her by the head lady's maid. deigned to address her, and replied in her up to the moment when this dear treasure self be taken down from his horse and be Well, if the child does not wish to mar-
,: o r The Countess, an accomplished mistress of low voice : of her heart had gone to join the corps of dragged, as he said, like a bundle to his bed. ry, leave her alone,'' said philosophically

"'!' k a house, made a practice of paying daily "Nowhere, your Highness." pages, his trunks laden with cakes, jams When he was duly unbooted and examined the excellent lady, who would have scrupledto

visit to this room, which was reserved for "Then why are you so yellow?" and all that could possibly be eaten under the supreme i indifference with which force a fly to drink a drop of milk.

1 the women of her service Mavra was left "I don't know, your Highness." heaven. he allowed himself to be handled and moved And Mavra by her own desire was devoted
"1 .::'.;, alone in the work-room,a large well-lighted The Countess dropped her eyeglass and The work-girls gave listless heed to these about, spite of the paleness of his face, did to celibacy.In .

F.-r; I chamber, furnished simply with tables and looked kindly at the young girl. hundred-times-repeated narrations, but Mavra not lessen the fact that he had seriously the month of September Serge returned,

: N J I' chairs for the use of the innumerable women "I know," said she, after a moment's was never tired hearing them ; it was fractured his tibia. but only for eight day He brought no
.;1 '.'.', '1 and girls invariably attached to the service pause; "the child wants air. She came like receiving a sort of gospel into her heart. The bone-setter was sent for, in conformity dogs nor equipages with him this time.

'. ,'':. I of those noble ladies who knew so well how here from her village, and has passed the Her good and revered protectress made all with a precept of the Countess, who pre- When he saw Mavra he gave her a friendly
{ i i'' .r"j to maintain their rank in that blessed time whole winter stooping over her frame. things dear and venerated that touched her ferred bone-setter to :the first surgeon in smile, and then thought no more about her.

; .. .'..1 t of serfdom. At this hour the work-room Henceforth, little girl, you must get out nearly, and this only son, loved, adored, the world three hundred miles off.. A horribly When he went away his mother accompa-

t 1-1; ;:: I was empty. Some of the women were washing into the fresh air twice a day, and must longed for, became a supernatural being, a complicated dressing, bristling with nied him and the house was again plungedinto

,a 'i" eJ! I others ironing, some cleaning and turning learn the service of my bed-room ; this will kind of Messiah to her. splints and bandages:: was applied to the solitude long before the usual time.

1+''f.'tt upside down everything in the private give you exercise." One morning, at the end of August, as leg, with very respectful l but formal injunc- Six weeks later news arrived that the young
f j. "'" :,! i apartment the Countess had just left. Theyoung Thereon the Countess quitted the room, Mavra, who had risen early, was crossingthe tions not to move, and to remain in bed for Count was married.

r-1'-i 1 t peasant'girlwith her needle uplifted, followed by Mavra's grateful eyes, now filled courtyard to waken up the laundress, six weeks. ; This announcement was the signal for

'. ; t"':.' rested her ruddy hand upon the edge of the with tears. From that day Mavra wor- who had overslept herself, she saw, galloping Six weeks and the sporting season good, great rejoicing. According to ancient usage,
)'l! frame and looked around her. shipped the Countess; to approach her, to along the inclosure, a troika of black and flights of partridges started every min- barrels of sweet beer and hydromel were

-\' .;':' What multitudes of embroidered gowns, touch what she bad worn, to serve her, to horses, with their heads covered with bell ute by'the Count's dogs, hunting now for brewed ; white bread and meat were dis-
'S ;J 'F:1' : : with their rich lace trimmings, hung thereon receive her orders and execute them with It's the young master !1" thought the lit- their own pleasure, the door of the kennel tributed to the whole village. The poor had

;':' 'l;' the wall, waiting some slight repairs!- the utmost speed and dexterity, was the tle servant ; and without giving herself being seldom closed ; the horses neighing abundant alms, and the whole retinue of
,: ; J \ what endless petticoats, with their ornamented great joy of this humble girl. Her mistress, time for reflection she"ran to the ponderous from sheer weariness, and the grooms giv- servants had new dresses. Mavra had a

.ii. .: flounces all freshly ironed, on cords wrapped in all this gorgeous luxury, the elements gate and threw it wide open. At the same ing themselves lumbago brightening up handsome blue woolen dress and a silk
I ,;i 4 t along the huge room 1-what countless lace of which had been so long under moment the brilliant equipage arrived ; the trappings that were now to lie unused. handkerchief. No one was forgotten : debtsin
t!, : : r caps, worn hardly an hour, pinned to a pin her eyes in the work-room, appeared to coachman pulled together his noble beasts, The Countess was a good reader spite of arrear were remitted, and the young girl
>'. ''r V cushion as large as a pillow, used only for her as some august being nearer her Cre- and without slackening their gallop they her eyeglass ; she read untiringly, the result was suddenly told she might return for the
?f ..1 f : this purpose and there, in a basket on the ator than any other of her fellow-creatures. shot like an arrow past Mavra, and ten of which was ta send the patient to winter to her family till her father could

i 1 I ;" corner of the table, what piles of cambric Not only did Mavra pray to God for her, steps further on stood stock-still at the foot sleep-infallible result! ; simply an affair of make new arrangements for the payment in

... .' chemises, delicately piped and pleated, but at times she inwardly prayed to her as of the steps. Dazed, her heart thrilled by time, often in ten minutes, sometimes an kind of what he owed.
J.+' ; trimmed with Valenciennes lace and ornamented to a saint, thinking the pleadings of a beingso she knew not what impression of fear and hour. Serge's breathing would become This
regular -
was no for
I.},; with bright ribbons And all for superior must have equal weight with the she received joyful news the young
La > joy, full in the face the gaze of the fever that colored his cheek-bones peasant girl, but resignation is inherent
: ;, this one person, without counting the silk powers of heaven as with those of earth. two large black, amazed and amused eyes. would gradually disappear, and then the Russian virtue she packed an her clothesin
: stockings in that other basket and the rings That mouth of fresh air that Mavra drankin How like his mother," thought Mavra, good mother, closing 'her book, would go a basket and; one fine up

t. '. I by dozens worn by the Countess on her thin twice a day soon brought back the bloomto as she closed the huge gate that shut with aheavy about her duties as mistress of the house, ously set out, on foot for her morning native courage-

t 'l fingers. In this world of living beings under her cheeks. Happiness had a share in it. bang. leavin! Affirm in ohartro of her son. She was received f nr 11v hv her moth PT.village.One
God's Heaven, what importance given 10 one But spring, that came with strides to make She turned slowly toward the steps as Gradually the needle Mavra's embroidery mouth more to feed !!f besides -which- "
i person, that needed so many other personsto up for lost time, was the chief worker of the Serge, jumping down from the carriage would slacken its motion, and for long are sparing of their demonstrations peasants of

serve her! and how the nothingness of miraculous cure. The days went on length- looked round at her again ; he smiled when hours her eyes remain :fixed on the face of affection. After a few days Mavra
p ( these was made more emphatic by the dominance ening, ready to melt into each other as they he met her blue eyes full of simple.admiration the sleeping young Count. Daylight would her old habits bent all relapsedinto
of that! Mavra sat wonderstricken.The do at the summersolstice. And during these and day over
: giving- her friendly nod, entered decline, and no candles would be brought embroidery frame by the window
head lady's maid coming into the room long evenings the young girl loved to stand the house of his fathers.' A minute after he lest the healing rest should be disturbed. in the evening narrow ,

I found her still in a state of stupefaction, leaning against the barrier of trellis-work was by the Countess' bedside, pressed. lov- Seated near the window in the deepening door, standing her leaning against the
gazing as was wont at the
\ stupefied above all at having made these reI' serving as a gate to the courtyard of the ingly in her arms.. ; shadow, the outlines of her figure relieved More than ,ever she loved them, behind stars.

,# flections. seignorial mansion, watching the young When they had chatted two whole, hours, against the'pale blue autumn sky in which these marvelous lights that she likened;
Well, you are lucky !I"* she said to her, peasant girls slowly wending their way to as they finished their tea, Serge, recollect- her dear stars were fast gathering, Mavra tears-for she was often, sad now-she to

with a boastful look.C"Our Countess tooka the fountain with their empty pails, and ing himself, suddenly said to his mother : would lose herself in a vague, infinite ecsta- the black and handsome indifferent saw face

fancy to you at the first glance: you are coming quickly back bent beneath their What is this new acquisition you have cy as she sat gazing at her sleeping young that had taken eyes possession of her soul. As

now on the list of embroiderers You may burden, their heads stooping under the made, mother? A little fair-haired Raphael master, whom her heart only could now long as she was staying in the
thank your God for it. It is not often the wooden yoke that connected the buckets. opened the gate for me this morning." see. At the first sign of his awakening she rial mansion where the grand seigno-
of her idol
Countess takes like that at first' Their time had passed in gossip and the I The image
a fancy I Countess thought for a moment. was on her feet with her hand upon the met her at every step in familiar attitude,
sight." mother or the mother-in-law was waiting "Ah I know," said she ; "it's Mavra-a bell. On the arrival of the lamp Mavra where she had only to close her
"Is she, then unkind innocently inquired with a sharp reproof at home. Mavra would dear eyes to see
virtue-my child. A strange little creature would withdraw to the work-room. At Serge before her Mavra
the at the tall birch tree by the gate as it was happy ; she was
gaze I adores me""She night in her dreams she would continue her of those for whom the innocent and
Oh, no ; capricious, like all gently waved in the evening'breeze its long I is quite right," replied the son re spiritual, almost mystical contemplation of of the beloved daily
mistresses but the kindest lady in the world branches, like those of, a weeping willow, presence makes the whole
spectfully. "What do you do with her?; the beautiful fair head asleep on its pillow. of life.
and generous Besides, this is a rich house ; and now and then see through them a pale "She embroiders in the afternoon, and When'Serge got well she was the prey of happiness of him she felt Here for where nothing
{ spoke
the first time the
is at all.!! star in the pale sky shining and seeming to
nothing counted-nothing the morning she attends on me ; but, Serge an implacable, unconscious, immortal love. pain of separation. Uneasy, she asked her-

I \


t 1S j

j I ,. 'to- .
: ,-- ,-" : : '. -- "'.' --'.: :" ,l--' ;.;I .... .- '





-- -- -

self what it was that was torturing her to vious surveys of the peninsula having in would have the same current in her favor. REAL ESTATE. DRUGS 7 : '
this degree, and the truth nearly dawned view the locating of ship canals, and with The average passage of a' steamship from 1 MEDICINES ETC. ,
upon her. But she stopped the thought, the coast-survey charts. He was recommended New York to New Orleans is seven days, = c
not daring to sound it further, saying to to many gentlemen in Florida and the average return voyage is made"in ESTinDTsIIED 187u.

herself that there must beat the rout of all capable of furnishing reliable information.He six days. The average should then be six ,. --
this suffering some great sin she herself was was instructed not to attention to and one-half days for the each 'I? ; : : ; .
pay voyage way. ,. ..... .
... :" "" '"" ';.!:: < .
ignorant of. Morning and evening she knelt routes further south than the neighborhoodof This being true, the saving of 361 hours < \'r. fC'Y." '..i. "',' f. .< :... DRUGS andjMEDIClNESHORSEY
long; before the sacred images, imploring San Augustine on the Atlantic coast, nor made by passing through the! canal wouldbe ">'+.;<'!,JIt?::.f. &:f.\: ,i.'...J"it-.f.; .'! .*? God to deliver her from her pain ; and feel- further south than the neighborhood of nearly one-fourth of the time of v .
ing herself soothed by this effusion of mystic Cedar Key on the Gulf coast as I deemed it besides the saving of coal, while running at 'i.> : : > ifc CO.
tenderness she kept her sadness to herSelf an important eondition to the usefulness of low speed in the canal during nearly twen- ,....- .:-; ,

still refusing to fathom it. But she was the canal that it should be located as far ty-four hours. ,>t -- -_.. --,---- ,- ,-- --,
visibly wasting away; the smoky atmos- north as practicable from the Straits of If we suppose that the steamship remains .
phere of her home had now the same pain- Florida.Mr. each trip four days in port for dischargingand \ :i' '.. i-I 1 PHARMACISTS ,

ful influence upon her that the want of Hill arrived in Florida on the 4th day receiving freight, the trip by way of the ..t. '0 ... ,. 1 .
fresh air had formerly when she first left of June 1883, promptly organized his party, cape would be : '. : .

her village. She passed the winter suffer and pushed his work forward vigorously, Sailing days....................................;..... 6} :. ,,',", 11'h:: ... Centre Street.FERNANDINA ,

ing work., uncomplaining"Gradually she gave unrelaxing up looking in her at as reporting he had frequently been instructed.by letter and telegraph, Lay days............................................... 4 .".;: ''.'.,'' ..;. ; m.I .,( .It't 'x'\..,,-'. 0 ..JI/f..

the stars. Not only did they more than ever The results obtained during the early part Total'..............................................10} :t ., : ".: i.I---} 'A. .-, FLORIDA I
look like tears, but no sooner did she turn of his operations encouraged me so much ;, ; '.
j I constantly hand fine
would on
then a assort
her eyes toward the night sky than they that I authorized examinations of a line The round voyage be twentyone .I:1. JEEP
days. This would, allow her to make '*!;; of FRESH and PURE FOREIGN -
filled with tears so that she hardly knew that he had found practicable much more -and
whether it was the fires of heaven or her thorough than it had at first been intended ; 17 (seventeen) round voyages per annum. ; .-r. !: .'- : : : '.- DOMESTIC:
that for such additional work While by using the canal she would have : .' ,. ,..
own tears sparkled beneath her eyelids. although consid- ; ;a. ... .d.. -'
Spring came, though more tardily than erably more extended and more expensivethan Sailing days............................................ 5 ,'PJ" <.. ;/. Drugs and Chemicals,
usual ; then summer with its field labors. had been originally contemplated Lay days................................................ 4 ", i. .." .
The Countess seemed to have forgotten Ma- would give me a far better basis for a report : '. : '-' : Homeopathic and Patent Medicines,

r vra, who thought with ever more and more to the board of directors, and would enable Total................. ........................ ........ 9 ,, : s- ;t--.t: Fi .

resigned sadness of this much-loved mis- them to act more safely and satisfactorily in The round voyage would be eighteen; .,' 1... .<)','f> ';.-..< ;'!'.. \ ,', :" Proprietary and Fancy Goods,
tress. Her indulgence concerning the ser- reference to future operations. days; and she could make 20 (twenty) round ,i .jJ .' ... .
; ft,> .fH \ : :i.4 i-
vice dues of her family appeared to the Having learned from the reports of Mr. voyages per annum, and! if a steamer of '. . t' I ., FINE TOILET ARTICLES, ..
but Hill that he had caused this of the ':&"1. ; t "" < ."'r" >::'''' t" w ,
young girl not a favor a punishment.At one sev- 3,000 tons laden both ways, would carry 18-,
at harvest lads eral lines that he had studied to be carefully 000 while i y.; '
haymaking, as young tons per annum more carrying the : PERFUMERY, SOAPS, ETC.
seek out the girls Had Mavra wished it, examined and series of level lines run, and same yearly expense of officers and crew. '

she might have found ten husbands. She that he had personally examined with great For Pensacola and St. Marks, as well as ." IN GREAT VARIETY
was no longer quite young according to the care the various termini. I left New York on for Mobile, the gains would be yet greater,
notion of peasants who marry their daughters the 16th of July last and proceeded to Jack- i, since the distance is greater.
at sixteen and their boys at twenty. sonville, Florida, where I examined with i .JI2J" Physicians Prescriptions

She was getting on to twenty, and her .. him the notes and maps of the surveys, and ii. carefully compounded with pure Drugs at .
mother at times reproached her as a useless personally visited some of the points important DANGERS OF THE PASSAGE THROUGH FLORIDA reasonable prices. .
mouth, although Mavra's embroidery was with reference to the eastern terminus. STRAITS.

readily bought by the traders from! the large. The report of Mr. Hill, which is herewith The great advantage to commerce which
towns, who came to the village twice a year. submitted, describes clearly the trial lines will result from the construction of
In the beginning of September. Serge said and gives well-based estimates of the probe canal will be the saving of life and your Florida a
to his young; wife, who was about to make. able cost of the'canal. safe and property'in Lands.
providing a commodious pas- DR. J. D. PALMER. T. W. PALM-ER.
him a father: The map which is herewith submitted sage for vessels bound from Atlantic to
If follow advice will which I have caused to be drawn for the information ports
you my you yourself the Gulf ports, and vice versa, avoiding completely PALMER BR O'S -
child of the board of directors indicates
nurse our the dangers of the throughthe
"I should like to do so, but then I must the line and profile, which line will be Straits of Florida and Keys.passage
have a trained,devoted servant,one endowed of course modified and improved when the from -'
During the five 1853 to 1858 ,
with all the virtues" answered the young minute survey for absolute location shall be 326 salvage cases years were adjudicated in the, The Peninsular h=--= PHARMACISTS 'tii

wife, "and mamma says this is more diffi- made. United States District Court for the Southern -
cult to find than a suitable nurse." The length of the line as proposed by Mr. District of Florida to'the value of $11- I I I I I I I I I I I t i I i I I I I I I I 1"1 t+-
It is quite true," said the Countess, pres- Hill is one hundred and forty-oneanda half 124627. ANDTropical ,
ent at. this family council, which had taken miles?,including '
Notwithstanding the facts that
thrice week for the The modifications I have will steam ves- Centre Street, near Depot,'
place on an average a proposed
sels since and that the'
1858 cost is --'- -
last four or five months: but, Serge, now reduce the total length to 137 h miles. much better lighted than then now [ Florida

that I think of it, we have Mavra! The The section which I prescribed for the calculation the five years ending June, 1879, yet, nineteen during FERNANDINA, FLORIDA.
most devoted of of cubage is eighty-two feet width
sweetest quietest, nurse-
vessels were partially disabled (loss of
tenders !1"' on the bottom, two hundred and thirty feet prop- RAILROAD COMPANIES
erty $477,900)) fifty vessels
.Mavra the very thing. How is it we on surface and thirty feet in depth. lost loss of ; were totally ABSOLUTELY PURE
( property $1,251,518)), and nine-
never thought of her before? Not trained This section will allow the passage of two other
teen vessels were lost or disabled the
-seeing she is unmarried, but so active and large sea-going steamers of the first class DOMESTIC: AND IMPORTED
value of which is unknown ARE OFFERING LANDS
intelligent! without inconvenience, and will thus make
The manager was written to ordering him the canal a perfect water-way for commerce ;* DRUGS AND CHEMICALS
to send on Mavra by the convoy which between the ocean and the gulf, avoidingthe In conclusion, I would state, distinctly, ,
every year, about this period, brought to St. annoyances and disadvantages of delays that there is no serious engineering difficulty -
Petersburg fruits, preserves salt provisions, in waiting stations' and preventing the to be encountered in the construction of Standard Patent Medicines
linen, and in short all the products of the blockade of the canal in case of accidents to this tide-water canal ; and I feel confident ALACHUAFTITNAM;
earth. The young ;girl once more packedher individual ships which would give rise to that the careful, exact instrumental surveyof
clothes up in her little basket and took great dissatisfaction and lessen the useful- the line will develop no new difficulties ; -I| Fancy TOILET ArticfesTjPERFUMERY
her seat on one of the long file of heavy ness of work.It hut will enable us, in some places to yet _
wagons that rolled slowly along the roads has seemed to me better in the interestof further shorten the line and make the pro-

for eight or nine days, she sleeping at night the company, as well as in that of commerce file more advantageous MARro3s- ,
under the linen awning drawn over the to make the canal such, in its crea- It may perhaps be permitted to an old ,
chests of preserves, while the horses were in tion, that the necessity for enlarging it, or soldier of the Republic to allude to one advantage I/OBIT'S
the stables and the wagoners by their sides. duplicating it, will not be likely to arise. which will result from the construction STJIMITIEIR, ..A.N'jjHERNANDO EXTRACTS etc.
Sometimes on awakening she saw the stars, While approving fully the general line of this ship canal, which is neither
but they no longer brought tears to her eyes. most recommended by Mr. Hill, I would commercial nor economical. -" Especial and careful attention paid
When the convoy of provisions arrived propose to the company a decided change in In the case of a war'' with any foreign ; to PHYSICIANS' PRESCRIPTIONS by
and Mavra, still dizzy, had made the necessary power possessing a powerful navy, the existence -
change in her dress, she was led into This change would reduce the amount of of the canal would evidently be of a an experienced Druggist.i

the room of the young Countess, where the dredging by at least 400,000 cubic yards and military value to our country which is in- AT PRICES FROM jJiij'ht.: R\BB the Manager, will sleep

whole family was; assembled, augmented and would save probably from 2,000,000 to calculable. Respectfully submitted, over the store, and will respond to all calls
within the last two days by a superb new- 25.000,000 cubic yards of excavation. CHARLES P. STONE, at night
born baby, which none of the servants knew' Chief Engineer. __ __n
how to manage. I would recommend that the probable $1.25 to $10 per Acre.All .
Here you are, Mavra. Good morning!" saving from the changes which I propose be WHY WELCOME.-What makes Floreston
said the triumphant father, taking up his added to the item "contingencies" in the Cologne welcome on every lady's toilet
son in his awkward arms at the risk of mak- estimate of Mr. Hill, which in my opinion, table is its lasting fragrance and rich,
ing him roar still louder. You have a should stand at $46,208,452. flowery odor.Professional. these lands are in the central

light hand and a gentle voice. I give you The Suez Canal, one hundred miles long peninsular portion of the State and
my son to take care of." and smaller section, cost, nominally, $60- ,
I humbly thank you," aid the young 000000. But that canal was constructed and Business Cards within fifteen miles of Railroads in
girl, pale with joy. "I shall do my best." under various difficult local circumstances
She carried the infant into an adjoiningroom political and other, and before the inventionof E. LEROY JONES, M.D., successful operation, traversing a territory -

where she soon learned the specialcare many improved machines which now which is being more rapidly 4 NDALL'S
to be given to a child of noble race, exist. HOMEOPATHIC' PHYSICIAN and SURGEON
which was as different from its cradle from I am confident that the Florida Ship Canalof settled and developed than any other G SQt HGuR

that of little peasants, his brothers in God's the section indicated with its large and Fourth St., between Centre and Alachua, part of the State.
sight, as he would be the rest of his life. convenient harbors can be built for the sum
Toward evening the young mother, surprised indicated in the estimate, as follows : FERNANDINA, FLA. The fertility of the soil and accessi- THE MOST:: SUCCESSFUL REMEDY
at no longer hearing the music her discovered, as it is certain in its
first-born had already had time to accustom GENERAL ESTIMATE. bility to the largest and best markets effects and does not blister. READ PROOF
Calls answered
EXCAVATIONS- promptly day or night,and
her to, sent Serge to find out the reason of :Medicine furnished without extra make these lands desira- BELOW.
this unusual silence. 176,848,000 cubic yards at 14 cents. $24,758,730: charge. particularly
The young master en- 63,950,000 cubic yards at 16 cents. I4,2]zooo Office hours
until 8 1 2
: a. m. to
tered the large dark room where :Mavra was 6,113.000 cubic yards at ao cents. 1,023,600 and 7 to 8. ; p. m.22 ly* rable for the cultivation of fruits and Saved Him $1,800.00.ADAMS. .

slowly pacing up and down, the child's 246.911,000 cubic yards . $36,213.330
cheek pressed against hers, warming it with HARBORS AND TERMINI- early vegetables for shipment. For N. Y., January 30,1882.Dr. .

her warm breath and the love of a heart Dredging channels and basins to 5 fathom F. W. ANSLEY 7I large and immediate profits there is B. J. Kendall & Co.:
henceforth happy. She was singing a line,6,000.000 cubic yards at 15 cents.$ 000,000 GENTs-Having used a good deal of
peasant cubic your
2,000,000 yards at 40 cents 800.000
lullaby in a low voice inventing wordsto Jetties,2,800,000 cubic yards at $1 . 28000004500.000 k no industry in Florida equal to the Kendall's Spavin Cure with great success. I

the tune. Dear child of my master, Contingencies Engineering! 3 10 per per cent.cent.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4,071,332 1,221,400 =3c raising of early vegetables for Northern thought I would let you know what it has
sleep 1 on your servant's heart that loves you, Right of way . . . . 302,400 I t; v done for me. Two years ago I had as speedya

treasure more precious than all things; mv Total, . . . . $46.208,452 r markets. colt as was ever raised in Jeffers-on county.
joy, my share of happiness in this world, When I was breaking him he kicked over
my little star *" COMMERCIAL ADVANTAGES OF THE FLORIDA SIIIP t For new and descriptive circular, the cross-bar and got fast and tore one of his-

Serge returned on tiptoe to his wife. CANAL. I. address hind legs all to pieces. I employed the best
I think our minds may be quite at ease," These advantages are: I. w y ;;:: CHAS. W. LEWIS furriers' but they all said he was spoiled.
said he.Mavra. I. Shorter routes between the ports of the He had a very 'large thorough-pin, and L:
is now old. She declares that she Gulf of Mexico and the ports of the Atlantic .- Land Commissioner, used two bottles of your Kenda 1's Spavin '
has always been perfectly happy.-ITenrl States and Europe. Cure, and it took the bunch entirely off, and
Grfville, in Belgravia. II. A safe and convenient route for vessels South side Centre St., near the Depot. Fernandina, Fla., he sold afterwards for$1800(dollars). I have

which are now forced to encounter the dangers FLORIDA JEWELRY FOR SALE AND Or Ocala, Florida. 38 used it for bone spavins and wind-galls, and
GENERAL STONE'S REPORT. of the passage through the Straits of it has always cured completely and left the
Florida. :MADE TO ORDER. leg smooth.It .

is a splendid medicine for rheumatism.I .
1HECOST AND LOCATION OF TilE SHIP CANAL- i. ji All work warranted.
THE DETAILS OF THE SURVEY-NO OBSTACLESTO The saving in distances by use of this canal have recommended it to a good many, and
THE WORK-ESTIMATES OF would be they all say it does the work. I was in With-
CONSTRUCTION nearly as follows viz.:
-HINTS OF ITS LOC.\TION-AD- Between WM. B. C. DURYEE, erington &Kneeland's drug store in Adams,

VANTAGES TO COMMERCE, ETC. Miles. the other day, and saw a very fine pictureyou -
New Orleans and New york.............".... 500 GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANT .:.., ".' sent them. I tried to buy it, but could
following is the full report submitted Mobile and New york......................... 580 not; they said if I would write to you that
by General Stone to the board of directorsof Pensacola and New york..................... 600 CENTRE ST., NEAR R. R. DEPOT, .. .,{ you would send me one. I wish you would,.
Florida Ship Canal and Transit Company St. Marks and New York.................... 650 and I will do you all the good I can.

at their recent meeting in New York : Galveston and New york..................... 450 FERNANDINA, FLA.: ,.' 0 ,, Very respectfully. E. S. LYMAN.
FLORIDA SHIP CANAL AND TRANSIT Co., ) Matagorda Bay and New york............. 410 ; ,
OFFICE OF THE ENGINEER-IN-CHIEF }\ Tampico and New york............ ............ 300 Ilay, Corn, Oats ,J' ', '" :. : ..
NEW YORK, August 15, 1883. Matamoras and New York.................... 340 ', .. Kendall's Spavin Cure

Honorable John C. Brown, Presidenl: Vera Cruz and New York...................... 220 DR. W. E. SNYDER, :,: .' : J .
SIR I have honor New Orleans and Liverpool................. 412 : ON HUMAN FLE8II-
the to submit the fol- : ,:;
Mobile and Liverpool....... ..............415 8 ot .:: ." f ..
lowing report of the preliminary survey fora St. Marks and Liverpool...................... 600Galveston ": VEVAY. JND., August 12, I8$ '_
the route across the peninsula of Florida for and Liverpool..................... 410 HID S n ,. : :j'f: : Dr. B. J. KendaU &: Co.:
construction of a ship canal.I > c:> GENTS-Sample of circulars received to- g
... .>, -
commenced, in Mav last, in accordancewith For Bordeaux the gain would be about ['1 .- :, ."::: ; ,' day. Please send me some with my imprint,
the desire of the directors of the for I ) F : ":. '.. ;, ''0 say ; ':.' ;
your company same as Liverpool.If .. printed on one side only. The Kendall's:
the organization necessary for a rapid we suppose that a steamship would average ', ,; ", :::-';::': :- Spavin Cure is in excellent demand with us,
survey, with a view to simply ascertain eleven miles an hour, she would gainon W\ ==::I r-::=- .c". ". 1 :., "i .1 1f' ; and not only for animals but for human
whether or not the construction of a tidewater a passage from New York to New Or- fl -:zI; :' .. :,'' '':;'.:'. :".''F/'. <.,; :, ailments also. Mr. Jos. Voris one of the i
ship canal might be practicable, and leans, (distance, by way of Florida Straits, ? : : leading) farmer in our county, sprained an
to gain a general idea of its cost should it be 1,790 miles,) by passing through the canal, ,: : ',::. ; : :{\ ;.::: ankle: badly and knowing the value of the
found practicable. forty-five and one-half hours less the loss remedy for horses tried it himself and it i
W. K. BAUKNIGHT -. ....., ,," '> on ,
; r. : ','
; :
For this purpose I secured the services of of time by slackening speed in the canal : did far better than he had expected; cured
Mr. A. F. Hill, civil engineer, for the operations down to six miles an hour-say a loss of AGENT, ;., ; :;.ff : :; .' ,: : the sprain in very short order.
of recounoissance supplied him with nine hours--she would gain, then on the WHOLESALE AND RETAIL :;t .,. '' '; Yours respectfully, C. 0. THIEBAND.

instruments for a rapid barometric survey, passage, thirty-six and oI e-balf hours, or BUTCHER AND STOCK DEALER, Price $1 per bottle, or 6 bottles for $5. All
and despatched him,on the first day of June one and i half days, besides avoiding the ANDDealer i8t;;; i v i1" : druggists have it or can: get it for yon, or it

last to Florida, giving him full authority to 'delay caused by the Gulf Stream which, off in Ice '- ,.,)JJ,1., ,...:,, will be sent to any address on receipt of
engage! there, the necessary engineering assistance this coast runs at the rate of four miles per TENNESSEE .:' :'t" ;: ':l- .< price by the Proprietors DR. B. J. KENDALL
and labor. hour, and eight at times. *$ ;
& CO.. Enosburgh Falls Vt.
r '. ,
Mr. Hill was furnished with such information We will not count this cause at present, BROOM STREET WHARF :. \l. y.i, ::'_, : Send for Illustrated Circular.

as was obtainable concerning pre- because on her return voyage the steamship 19-tf FERNANDINA, FLA. Sold by all Druggists.





_. __.__ .
----- : ;=zII '- -------
- : ------ -

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.1'I.. !. '! .., j' '

I; THE FLOn.IDAMnmon.. General Stone, must be ,very far below the THE LOUISVILLE EXPOSITION. tickets over the Louisville & Nashville Railroad to hear nature uniting su perfectly with the
mark. The elevation of the summit
v it ridge, are permitted to stop over within the efforts of man in the production of music.
in Mr. Hill's is admitted be
to 143
survey, limit of their ticket. The As
of floated
; pleasure exploring we beyond their sight the strains
feet to that 30 feet for the of
adding depth
; the inducement of the
r : cave is.certainly as great an "Sweet Bye-and-Bye" and "Nearer
k' his canal,and we have 173 feet excavation, 83 to leave home the God to
: THE PLOIUDA'SHIPCANAL-GE1- as great Exposition My Thee" were heard.
N.i LOUISVILLE KY. August 30 1883. Having
s1 N ,
feet at bottom and 230 at surface of water 30)
ERAL GILLMORE'S AND GEN- itself. The one is artificial, showingto landed us the guide returned for the others
:! ; -b) il To the Editor of the Minor:
1 feet bottom and the width of
excavation the
us wonderful made by and it
man came
ERAL STONE'S ESTIMATES. A flying trip to the Southern Expositionat ; our to regale them with
4 increasing at the rate of perhaps 3 to 1. the other i h natural indicating still music.
: a mightier
Kry : t: ; I > By the publication of the ,report of General Louisville develops some interesting!
It is well
I'' Stone in the Times-Union of the 25th known that south the region around facts, and furnishes material for a very hand. Seldom are two such master- On the return trip it again fell to my lot

: -: ult., we have the estimate made by him of Newnansville and of it, as well as article. pieces of such different workmanship to be among the first carried over. During
..err I is lengthy One sees much there to ad- J
east underlaid with rock and that for
Z; 1 the cost of a tide-water ship canal across mire, and very little that might have been brought within such close contrast ; and the time in which the guide returned for
rock excavation considerable
: at the
., -* depth rarely, if ever, is sueh opportunity for just the remainder of the I
the is
Florida, although route carefully excludpd. The building is admirably party, suggested that
d drQf. adapted -
iv cost will be more than ten times that of
'. i omitted in the publication. It may be assumed to its uses. Covering, as it does, nine criticism so well afforded ; and yet who is all lights be extinguished, that we might
earth. A mile of tunnel rock-cut
t;.: ': : 1 that the route estimated for is via St. or on. a acres of land, it is certainly conveni- there who arrives at any definite conclusionin experience what real darkness is ; and truly

(,,:.I: :':I f<:;., : Johns river to Doctor's Lake, and thence railway costs more and than twenty miles of or- ently arranged for doing" the very Exposition i his own mind? Who is it that can say did we experience it. It was such darknessas

f: '" 1 ;"" 't i I west to the Gulf 1 in a nearly 1 direct line. dinary Gillmore's grading estimate; with comparing General General Stone's I'in a hurry. As yet the Exposition is not as that the one or the either is more beautifulor we often hear spoken of as that kind

; ,t: i In the year 1879, under the act of Congress, we cannot come to other conclusion, complete as it.will be, still thousands are more wonderful? which can be felt. All sense of directionwas

; ''Vif' ', ; General Gillmore, of the United States Engit any visiting it daily. Many who see it now will The most profound impressions made entirely destroyed and as there were
that if General Gillmore is in
"t{. t t ? 'r'.- ;.'':< I neers, made an examination of the peninsula estimating the cost of the excavationof right not'see it later on, hence the importance of upon the visitor are those given by the no matches in the party we were compelledto
> mere
,.*. ..j :>:',! i of Florida, with a view to the construction having our State exhibits ready early. Flor- :Mammoth Cave and the Art Gallery. In my remain in darkness until the boat returned -
{ : a averaging not over 30 feet in depthof
,';(." !', ,!t' ;* ,\ : of a ship canal from St. Mary's river to the excavations at $45,000,000, the cost of a ida is represented by two stands for the sale last I had occasion to mention some of the ; and well were we repaid for the

f :.4 y'* ;-I Gulf of :Mexico. The greater part of an entire of curiosities, where they announce to you latter, and in this it is my intention speak temporary suspension of our organs of vision -
tide-water canal of which
"* '- 'i! "; "*--'', year was devoted to this survey, and an some parts are that the State'exhibit "is- not yet in." as briefly as possible of the former. This for the sight of the boat coming rounda
a.V, 175 feet in depth of excavation, and where
.: .;, 1 elaborate report of the result was made on rock is sure to be encountered must be at When one looks at the splendid displays Cave, of" which each of us have .heard so bend in the river, with the lights on board.

K- *: -d \ the 6th of April, 1880. least double that estimated for,by General made by Tennessee, Arkansas and Alabama, much since our earliest days( and whose was weird in the extreme. The reflectionof

.j It appears by General! Stone's report that and remembers how favorably Florida would fame has spread throughout the world, was the rocks above was so perfect on the sur-
Gillraore. The total cost of locks and
.1 i ;, :,: ,{ less than six weeks' time altogether was devoted estimated gates compare with then{/a feeling of impatience" discovered, according.to the best authority, face of the water that we could scarcely be-
General Gillmore is
by only$6,976-
** ., his to the by a bear hunter in the 1809. It is located lieve that we were not gazing through the
,; .: ,. by surveying parties examination much less than the at the tardiness of our officials cannot be re- year -
1' t ,;'!: of the routes examined by them, as 649-certainly increasedcost strained. 85 miles southwest of Louisville, and limpid water on the bottom of the river.
of excavation of a tide-water canal. ..
1 :;: he says Mr. Hill arrived in Florida on the I-a Floridian-was one of a number of a is reached by a stage from Cave City, on the All being safely across, and the remainder

4 I'' a'. '" 4th of June, and had the survey ready for EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. party, none of whom had ever visited Florida. Louisville & Nashville Railroad. As earlyas of the way being over ground which we had

,:, '.; his inspection on the 18th of July. General Naturally my pride wanted to show the year 1812 the utility of the Cave was already traversed, it was crossed with rapid

: Stone himself spent about 48 hours in Flor EXCURSION TICKETS TO FLORIDA-THE WESTERN them how vast our resources are ; but what brought into requisition. Much of the powder strides. The change from the pure cool air

< : ; :: ': ". ida at Jacksonville, making a trip to the EXCURSIONS. BENEFITS, ETC.-NEW SETTLERS was my disgust, after much searching, to used in the war of 1812 came from the of the cave to the warm air of the earth

i. \, \' .''.', mouth of the river meanwhile. On this -THEIR CRITICISMS, ETC. find merely two "curiosity stands," can immense deposits of nitre found in the cave. above, laden, as it was, with odors, is very

: .'-' I hasty survey, and so fur as we learn without SEWANEE, September 4, 1883. easily be imagined. Let us hope that the The saltpetre vats are near 'the entrance of sudden. However, no injury to health is

J '. .' ;;. any knowledge, ascertained by deep borings, The valuable information contained in the State exhibit" will be in before the Expo- 'the cave, and are preserved in much the experienced. K.
i j 4' of the nature of the formations underlying compilation "Through the Orange sition closes. .- same condition in which they were left by

.'' \.J. 'r the peninsula, the estimates were made Belt," in reference to Florida, its produc-' Of the State exhibits that of Tennessee is those who sought the peter-dirt," as those CRATORS BELCHING FIRE.

'A: *; which enabled General Stone to report thata tions, climate, railways, lands, etc., shouldbe most tastily arranged, and arranged to such old miners used to call it. These vats continue -

Y.i -Jij i if a tide-water canal is entirely practicable widely diffused as a fair, temperate and perfect advantage that one can take in the for some distance into the cave, and THE WORK OF DESTRUCTION IN JAVA A GRANDTRANSFORMATION

i .,' f' and to indorse Mr. Hill's estimates of the reliable statement about Florida. vast resources of the State almost at a glance. are still connected by the wooden pipes used VOLCANIC ACTION.WROUGHT BY

: ; I. probable cost of the canal. There is a system of railroad excursionsto Arkansas is well represented in a great for conveying water :and alkali. As one A London dispatch, dated August 30th

402 We propose to compare Mr. Hill's esti- Kansas, Texas, etc., which have been for mass of material, but it is so badly arrangedthat leaves the hotel and approaches the cave he states that reports from Batavia of the recent

" J 'f mates with those made by General Gillmore, some years annually arranged in Georgia, one has to go to much labor to see it finds that the temperature suddenly falls. I disastrous earthquake on the Island of Java

"Hrf. after a most thorough and elaborate exami- Tennessee, Kentucky, etc., by which cheap all. I (On a day in August, When the thermometerat I are the horrors more encouraging of the although details of
eruption continue to
I ,
nation of routes, and based upon the long excursion rates are given to persons desiringto Alabama seems to have fallen into the the hotel stood at 9:2: F'ah., at the mouthof growing all the time more awful. Some come of

experience of his department. visit those States. The tickets, I believe, the the the most remarkable phenomena
'I hands of two powerful railroads, and they cave mercury fell to 651 At the ever known
are good for about forty days, and have in the history of volcanic have been
i STONE'S lIILL'g ma- iron gate, one hundred yards !in the it energy
. ;' GENERAL ( ) ESTIMATE. have certainly brought out its resources to developed by the great disturbances in Java
, terially advanced the settlement of those I
;] For canal : 30 feet deep, 82 feet at bottom, much advantage. The great Louisville & stood at. 52i The mean temperature of and Sumatra. After the sudden subsidenceof

:i 230 feet at surface, 1411 miles long. States. I have been asked if any such rates Nashville system and the Alabama Great the cave for summer i is-54, and for winter is the territory in the kingdom of Bantam
were made to Florida. I have been obligedto on Monday the seemed
; 53 eruptions lose
t r' { Southern Railroad vie in their endeavors to showing only a difference of one degree
-' fj GENERAL ESTIMATE that I knew their force for a time and the of
say of none except the win- people
t the two extremes of heat and cold.
EXCAVATIONS do that State
justice. Betavia
fi experienced a feeling of relief in the
."T-' "if 176,848,000 cubic cubic yards at 14 cents. .. .. ..$24,758,730 ter excursion rates, which were quite rea- The three States mentioned, in the estima- The air is bracing and pure, and is so exhil- hope that the worst had been passed. This
63,950,000 yards at 16 cents.
-i, ; : J cubic yards at ao cents. 14,232,0006u3ooo 1,223,600 sonable, but not as much so as these Western tion of your correspondent, make the best arating that one wanders for miles and miles continued until about ten o'clock, when it

"';e 246,911,000 cubic yards . . $36,213,330 State excursion rates. The several rail- displays. The display of woods from Alabama i into the cave without being fatigued. I was gave place to renewed fears, for the craters
had then
, once more begun to send
: HARBORS AND TERMINI roads connecting with Tennessee have had up great
> -
is chief one of a party of fifteen to explore the cave. of destructive
'. excellent the woods masses matter
although without
: ,. i n} : Dredging channels and basins to 5 fathom ; among -
, v line 6,000,000! cubic yards at 15 cents. $ 900,000 round trip tickets to Mont Eagle this summer may be mentioned yellow-pine, in which We entered under the leadership of Sancho the force of the former actions. The
, > n 3.000,000 cubic yards at 40 cents .
: : cubic yards at $i. 2,800,000-14,500,000 at quite low rates-$19.30 from Jacksom'ille. Florida abounds. The Merediet one of the g ides. .Sank," as he i eruptions seemed to be more violent at night
, / ,. Contingencies . . great flag-staff of the than the
'f 10 per cent. during day. By eleven o'clock the
4 071 332 If a similar rate made to !
, '. .> . was is called has: been
Engineering: 3 per cenL. .' . usually : exploring the
from which the
1.221.400 of
, .,, ,:. m Right of way . . . . 202,400'I. Florida this winter. I believe the travel Exposition, our Papandayang, which is 7,034 feet high, was
cave for 35 and {he states that he has in
years a state
united float the breeze is ofparoxysmal
to very
'r 't t, . country 'pla- eruption.
Total. . . $46.308.453 would be doubled. Tie attention to It
given not all was accompanied by detonations said
I. '. carded in large letters, "Alabama yellow as yet explored its ramifications. The to
f :
General Gillmore's estimates for Florida matters have been heard in Sumatra.
ship canal during the last has
year pine." Now why could not Florida erect known avenues of the: cave amount to 223, .
.3 : from St. [ary's river to Gulf of Mexico, excited a very general desire to visit a Three distinct columns of flame were seen
part and the united
of the whole
one larger and taller at the other end of the length equals to rise from the mountain to a vast height,
ft: distance from bar to bar 168 miles, depth 25 of the United States where snow is never building? 150 miles. Visitors however, never attemptto and its whole surface soon appeared if

-..\S feet, bottom width 80 feet, surface width 180 seen, and where strawberries can be eaten The whirl of wheels and the stir of ma- visit the whole of it as the greatest curiosities covered with fiery lava streams which
: feet. in January and in the spread to great distances on all sides.
green February-
peas and the beautiful
chinery with therevolution of endless belts most portions can
1 a : GENERAL ESTIMATE Stones fell for miles around and the black
': ; Excavations and embankments land of oranges, figs, bananas, and alliga- is interesting even to the uninitiated. One be seen on what are called the long and the fragmentary matter carried into the air caused

!&' .': etc., (at 20 cents) .....................,$24,571,468 tors. In the summer season people make could spend days in the vast machinery de- short routes. The short route extends into total darkness. A whirlwind accompaniedthis

,: ''Y,: Reservoirs in Okefinokee Swamp excursions simply for a change, and often partment, attempting to puzzle out the the cave four miles and a half, and the long eruption, by which the roofs of houses
trees and
t': :,: and feeders.............................. 1,335,318 leave their own comfortable summer homes for about nine miles. The former is usually even men horses were carried t
workings of intricate and into theair. The abundance of
V : Lock and lock gates...... ............ 6,976,649 to meet with greater discomfort elsewhere many strange ma- ashes ejectedwas
.' ', Crossing Suwanee riverand other ; chines. But being limited for time I passed made in about four hours, and the latter in such as to cover the ground and roofs of

t':I ) '.\;: streams ................................. 250,995( but a winter trip to Florida is to leave the onward to that which interested me more about nine. Our party selected the long inches.houses at Off De Point Nambo to the depth of several

\t;I ': Twelve bridges........................... 190,400 cold, wet, dreary wintry skies of the North than anything else, the Art Gallery. The route, and at 11 a. m:, each armed with a i the water formed Caay, the floating pumice

j Land damages...............:............ 1,088,000 and Middle States to revel in the balmy air lamp, we plunged into the bowels of the upon thick, through which vessels a layer two feet
,'; .. Harbor on Gulf coast.................. 4,759,917Improvement and bright skies of a land where the verdureis collection of works of art certainly surpasses with their
t earth, not to again until the sun way great difficulty. The rise of
., collection in this emerge acque-
, : : ,. :; St. Mary's river..... 2,000,000 any single country.
always green and nature is always beau- had reached the extreme of heaven. ous vapor produced the appearance of a
) :U :,; Improvement at entrance to Cumberland -,' The bringing together of these masterpiecesis verge column several thousand feet high based on
,' ':; i Sound and mouth of tiful. We were all good walkers and made the
the of the crater and
due mainly to the of Henry Wat- edge from
f s,...!. ..i i St. Mary's river...................... 2,071,000 The class of people who avail themselvesof terson, the editor of the energy Courier-Journal. To trip in seven hours. The guide testified as distance: to consist of a mass appearing of innumerable a

,1', the cheap excursion rates to the West i is globular clouds of extreme whiteness
a Total....,................................$43,343,767Add crowd a description of this department into to its being one of the fastest times on rec- vast balls re-
., not the well-to-do or the wealthy, but the ord and a consultation of the guide book sembling of cotton rolling one
4 16 per cent superintendence i one short letter is impossible. The works of over the other as they ascended, impelled

..t and contingencies................... $6,934,999 farmers, the mechanics, the laboring men, art there displayed consist of paintings, tapestries }has developed the truthfulness of his state- by the pressure of fresh supplies incessantly

N > who have intelligence and muscle, but little statuaries, vases, furniture, ancient ment. By far the most enjoyable portion of urged upwards by the continued explosion.At .
,; ; I $50,278,746 capital-to whom a few dollars less a great height the column dilated hori-
more or the cave is the boating on the river. Those
and china and bric- -brac
arms armor, and into
zontally spread dark and
+ I The difference between in the cost of the is a turbid
the two estimates trip all-important and who select .the short route miss this, and
-'' i I and also the Grant treasures. The Grant circular cloud, having the figure of an im-
.5 t 1'J r l is $4,070,294. who, if they remain in Florida, will become treasures consist of the presents received by hence frequently come out from the cave mense umbrella. Forked lightning of great

s Taking from General Gillmore's estimate valuable citizens. Accustomed to the Tabor vividness and beauty darted
o 'yt him in! his public character during his memorable disappointed. Beyond the Echo river is themost continually

! J ,' i $6,976,649 for locks, and $1,335,318 for feed and privations of new countries, they will tour around the world. They cer- beautiful part of the cave. from Suddenly different the parts scene of the was clouds.changed. The

t, ; ers, amounting to $8,311,967, we have Gen regard life in Florida as comparatively easy tainly form a very interesting feature of the In this limited article it would be vain to mountain was split into seven parts withouta
t eral Gillmore that canal the and pleasant and will seldom be found discontented
estimating a moment's
a f t of of the warning, and where Papandayang -
Exposition. The works of art in the depart- attempt a description any great
ti i average excavation of which is to be only 30 or be disappointed. The settler who had stood alone there were now seven
ment are furnished for the most part from curiosities and sights. I cannot forbear, distinct
feet, will cost, exclusive of locks and feeders comes from the Eastern States, or the older peaks looming up to a great height.In .
private collections. George I. Seney, the however, giving some account of the trip on the seams opened could be seen great

$42,000,000, or confining ourselves to portions of the North, is apt to be critical well-known philanthropist, has kindly the river. Passing the "Dead Sea," crossingthe balls of molten matter, and from out the
excavations alone that General Gillmore's fissures poured clouds of
by steam and the black
comparisons loaned many of his most valuable paint- river Styx by means of the Natural
ejected lapillo flowed in and
estimate the excavation alone of steady streams
s ings. He furnishes more than any other Bridge" and Lake Letty" by means of a L ran slowly down the mountain sides forming
J canal to the depth of 30 feet would cost of the country because they do not ,
,- correspond
single individual, though we find many pontoon, we found ourselves at the shore of beds 200 or 300 feet in extent. Exhala-
; -571,468, while General Stone gives as cost of with those in the region from which tions of carbonic acid gas occurred so abund-
Echo boat
there from the collections of such men as liver where a was moored await-
excavation of a tide-water canal $36,213,320. I he came. If he remains, his good sense in antly that birds and animals in large num-
Tilden, Morgan, Warren and others. The ingfor usto embark. The whole length of ebets killed
But General Stone estimates his excavation the end prevails he assimilates himself to t were by 'it, and a few human
; special exhibition by the American Art river is about three-quarters of a mile, andit beings lost their lives in the same
r I rit ., at only 14 cents per yard for nearly three- the people around him, learns that there are This proved to be the way.
Union is particularly fine, and consists of varies in width from 20 to 200 feet. It cannot turning point in the
1 fourths of it while General Gillmore estimates good for the differences and for
: reasons that great eruption, the great fissures opened
pictures which are for sale. The prices of fairly be said to have any shores, for in i
all at 20 cents per ;yard. the conditions of climate, soil and circumstances seemed to act as enormous safety valves and
many of them run up into the thousands. only one or two places can a landing be effected through them the streams of lava gently
General Stone's has to require a difference in cultivationand
cross a ridgeof
survey I would particularly mention Bierstadt's and it thus proves dangerous in case flowed down into the valleys. The volcanic
uncertain width 143 feet above tide-water, manner of Jiving. He brings his energy, tires, though still burning, at last advices
picture of Mount Whitney, in the Sierra of accident. Our party being too large to be
: the greater portion of which, so far as we I good taste and sound judgment to improvei had lost most of their fierceness and the
i Nevada range. This artist's pictures are in transported at one time, half remained be
have any knowledge, is of rock formation. where improvement is needed, and in a few steam generated found a vent without being
great demand, and bring fabulous prices. hind whilst the guide conveyed the others forced through the comparitively narrow
Putting General Stone's 225,044,160 at 20 years becomes a warm defender of his adopted
His "Storm in the Rocky Mountains" the length of the river. I was in the first mouths of the old craters. One of the queer
cents per yard would bring up his $36,213- State, and revisits his native town with incidents was the sudden rising Tuesday
during -
brought $35,000, and his" London's Peak" boat on the inward trip. Never will the impressions
320 for excavations $49,382,200, without compassion for the narrowness of the views forenoon of fourteen new volcanic
was sold for $25,000. The picture on exhibition of the voyage be erased from my mountains in the Straits of
taking into account the probability of a of those who look at everything from their i Sunda. forming
of Mount Whitney is offered for memory. Five miles in the bowels of the a complete chain in almost a straight line,
large portion of the excavation across the own standpoint alone and thinks they
$25,000. The American Art Association has earth, floating tranquilly upon the bosom ofa about midway between Point Saint Nicholas
highlands being rock formation, whichGeneral would be different with his experience. on the Javanese coast and Hoga Point on
s also Turner's "Conway Castle" exhibition quiet stream rocks above rocks around
on ,
Gillmore puts at $1.50 per yard A careful perusal of t the admirable articleI the coast of Sumatra almost on the tops,
.b under the most favorable circumstances. have referred to, which occupies nearly which they are offering for $10,000. water beneath, and an intense darkness per where were the Merak and Middle Islands:!,

the whole of the Mirror of August 18th, will On the whole the Exposition is a success in vading all things, a feeling of awe creeps which sank into the sea on Monday. So

General Gillmore says in his report: "The answer almost any question which may be the number of exhibits, though not so well over one. Glancing back a striking pictureis ; serious are the changes in the coast and the
1 interior and higher portions of the peninsula asked about Florida ; but no description entire formation of the Strait of Sunda that
i consist of clay intermingled with calcareous will fill the place of personal observationand attended as it might be. Certainly no city depicted on the fast receding bank. the British Government and the Lloyds this

formation. Coral beds of verification of the facts stated. Every in the South is better adapted to the pur- Grouped together in picturesque attitudes, evening telegraphed from London to all

1.i some great facility should be given to persons desiring poses of a great exposition than the city of with their lamps swinging gracefully, our foreign points, warning vessels that naviga-
age, underlie most of the State, and, with tion of those waters had become
to visit Florida to do so at a very low cost, Louisville. K. friends stand awaiting the return of the exceedingly
the alluvious, extending twenty to thirty and our railways,steamers and hotels should dangerous.
miles from the coast, are covered with de aid in the increase of travel of this class of guide. To while away the time in which : In the city of Bantam, where 1,500 were at
persons. There is sometimes reasonable THE MAMMOTH CAVE-SOME OF ITS WONDERS. they must await the return of the guide for first supposed to have perished the bodiesof

posits from the gulf or ocean. complaint of the high rates of local railwayand SEWANEE, TENN., September 3,1883.To them they begin to sing. The strains of the 2,800 have already been recovered, and

As General Gillmore estimated his deepestcut steamboat fares, livery stable charges the Editor of the Mirror: Suwanee River" there are a few more yet to be found. Some
at 35 feet only, and makes no estimate and hotel charges in small places, which Visitors are wafted to our ears, 900 inhabitants of the interior town of Wa-
for rock and the emulate the large hotels in this particular to the Exposition at Louisville and return again and again, reverberatedb ronge are now known to have been killed,
contemplated of
... use steam only ; and there are also people who ar cannot better add to the pleasure of their '_and forth by the perfect acoustic prop- and at Talatra, on the coast. 300 bodies have
excavators it is evident that, if his estimate and to obtain etrip than in been found. From all over the island come
exacting expect everything a by indulging a trip to Mammoth erties of the place. Never do I
was well founded, Mr. Hill's adopted by the rates of their own homes.! F. Cave. Those Florida again expectto reports of loss of life and property, and it
going from who hold hear such music; never again do I expect is thought at Batavia that the estimate of.u


.!:[ -. :-.', .1'j'j''l.rn"IIII': :1
1,-,.- .




;),UOO killed will not exel.ssh.e. On .
7 prove J. H. PRESCOTT .'. "t t'-:
the lowlands of Batavia, where the watersJla'e _f' ,,. ,; .3-I\- L
jy w I
receded and quieted down hundredsof Lc.t c. l .... ." GREAT
DEALER IN ,l 'f. ,;;,: .- ', REDUCTION
bruised and mangled bodies are lying ex- 0.", '. .<- ;:J:'. .. .
A sanitary largely composed] a.. .'f':. >> '
jtosed. corps Men's, Boys and Youth's, -
volunteers, has been formed, and the .t.':...*.':";'.):;' ''':';':
corpses are being removed and buried as Ladles', Misses' and Children's, '. .', :' :,t; \ ':'J"
fast as possible, in order to prevent the -++ 4+- : ., ,_t;.:- ; Spring and Summer Goods; _

breeding and spreading of contagion. While FINE SHOES 'i- ".:.... :)..:;:, /;...', i .
is for this ,
there some cause anxiety on score,
it is thought the greater number of bodies in .ol.---" >.-...".._.,.,"-" ..;!'(...... .h.. IN ORDER TO
"o."H -.- MAKE
the interior were so dried and scorched by -u t----:: .. .> WE
the hot lava and stones that they will not pu- AND WILL CLOSE OUT THE BALANCE OF OUR
trify rapidly to any extent and the bodiesof
those drowned by the tidal waves can be -) MM/\/1MMM/1M; 4 SPRING AND SUMMER STOCK AT

taken care of with reasonable facility bv the .GEN EHENS FINISHING GOODS, GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
Coast Sanitary Corps, now getting rapidly to wvvwwvv..iwwFERNANDINA FRED W. HOYT & CO.

work. ______________ ,


On Sunday, near the railroad office a FERNANDINA, FLA., _
bunch of keys. The finder will be rewardedby SEA ISLAND ROUTE. -IN-

returning them to the Auditor's Office, -- ',

Grocers, Grain Dealers, ,
For Sale.
horse and ,
A good. wagon. Apply to AND '
Fernandina, August! 11, 1883-tf. General Merchants. '"
j,, ,,,' :. '
: "
leave Fernandina for Savannah CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES, \' _

WILL Tuesday, Thursday and Satur- U I CLOTHINGS I- ::'
day mornings, arriving at the latter place :
the same evenings. HAY, CORN, OATS, :BRAN, FEED,

OY4L Returning, will leave Savannah for Fer- -'VE WILL OFFER-
nandina on Monday. Wednsday and Friday -

Deck Pass without Meals, $3.00 GREAT INDUCEMENTS, :: .
Cabin 4.00
Excursion. 7.00 ....
Through tickets sold to New York, Phila- ,.

delphia For' tickets, Boston office and, ,and foot state-rooms Baltimore.of Centre, apply Street.at theCompany's J. &; T. :YDD: :' : :.,:

J. MERCIER, -3 ,]E- '.
General Passenger Agent.J. Northeast Corner Centre and Third Streets, :
{ I I.I N. HARRIMAN Manager.

F'IEFLrq.A.rqJJJXf. F-I..A...
Crockery, Hardware, Tinware, ,

I3.ICuriosityVariety: : : Gr'S New York Office : 38 Walker Street. I


4KIr4G StoreOffers -

a large and carefully selected PAINTS, OILS, CORDAGE, ETC.


Gentlemen, Ladies and Children.

Silk, Linen, and Cotton.
JL of purity,strength and wholesomeness.More Gloves, Neckties, Ribbons,
economical than the ordinary kinds Laces, Towels, Napkins,
and cannot be sold in competition with the
Dress Buttons .
multitude of low test,short weight, alum or --+ .
phosphate powders. Sold only in aim. and Notions Generally.A .f'0 .

ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., :. .".. ---- :;- : p-
33 loa Wall Street New York. new lot of LACE COLLARS and NECK- .i\.i0 '. \ ".;. s
TIES just received and marked low. { 7
In Justice Court. _. '.:'_;. ":,:.jf.l.r; :,:,- .',\...=...;'Iof". ( .: i -s
H. .
r. '.
Our ,,,(.., -', r a
OF FLORIDA, Stock of CORSETS is Very Superior. !.t-j. ,
To G. H. Bennett: .
ETS, VASES, TOILET SETS, we offer a '
You are hereby notified that a writ of at- fine variety. .
tachment has been issued against you, and -
your property attached,to satisfy the demandof FLORIDA AND SEMITROPICAL CURIOSITIESA
J. W. Smith,amounting to$40.00. Now, NOYES -THE FINE STEAMSHIPS
unless shall before W. A. Mahoney SPECIALTY. AB.
you appear (Successor to W. A. SANBORN), CITY OF SAN ANTONIO 1O80 TUNS.TL .
a Justice of the Peace in and for said
county, at his office at Callahan, on the 8th #33*Orders from the Country Solicited.KING'S Wholesale and Retail Dealer in STATE 03 TA b, 1,-42 TONS.

day of November, A. I). 1883, at 11 o'clockin O-A.ROjN'JDIEIjIET, 1,508 TONS.
the forenoon judgment( will be rendered GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, SHIP STORES' "\VESTERN TEXAS, ,tiio TONS. .

against: you and your property sold to pay 17 tf Cor. Centre and Fourth S18._ CHOICE WINES AND LIQtORS, HAY,GRAIN,
the debt. .
Dated this 8th day September A. D. 1883. Corner of Second Steamboat and Centre Streets, near ONLY DIRECT LINE TO NEW YO RK. ii .
J. W. SMITH, Landing,
of the above STEAMERS will sail from FERNANDINA FOR NEW YORK'w
Owner and Agent for Schooner Silas C. ONE
McCartney Hedge Rose I'laots.j .
. THURSDAY AFTERNOON on arrival of afternoon trains from Jack-
Evans. Special rates for Merchandise in
j HAVE THE ONLY FLORIDA-GROWN sonville, Cedar Key, and Peninsular Railroad.
I large quantities.
: Plants for sale at this place. Price $2.50 Agent for Hazard Manufacturing Company This Line having no Transfers between Fcriiantliiia and Sew
I;) per 100; $20.00:( per 1.000. 's CHAMPION BARBED WIREthebest York, offers the BEST AND QUICKEST TRANSPORTATION TO SHIPPERS OF


M. =':: '..==::' = Agent for B.F.AVERY'S CELEBRATED The traveling public are offered the advantages of a DIRECT LINE and UNSUR-
Fairbanks, Florida Transit R. R. Local Agent for BANK OF JACKSON connections at FEUNANDINA FERNANDINA & JACKSONVILLE RAIL-
Refer to C. D. Furman, Fairbanks, Fla. jaHANDLERY 1= VILLE. !,3A. ROAD for JACKSONVILLE, and thence by Steamers to all points on the ST. .j



upon the Cumberland Plateau, 2,000 feet freight, passage rates and schedules, or further information, apply to
above the sea-level. This School, under the Second Street P .
special patronage of the Bishops of the Pro- a .-, '. .... :...;' o U. M'. SOUTinVICK[ Agent,
testant Episcopal Church in the South and vie FERNANDINA, FLA. r FERNANDINA FLORIDA. '"
Southwest offers the healthiest residenceand C. H. MALLORY & CO., '
the best advantages, both moral and FEKNANDINA ; Pier 20 East River. New York. 51-
educational, in its Grammar School and its ""= 1
Collegiate and Theological Departments.
For the special claims of this University for B. NOTES, GROCERIES PROVISIONS, SHIP CHANDLERY, ETC. ,

patronage,REV.apply TELFAIR for documents to the {[STEAM] [rSAw'j] [MILL.] r .

HODGSON, *.-'* */, .ga iIf-- '. -DEALER IN-
Vice-Chancellor, 02 hrel- FL EL DOTTERER .
37-41 Se wan ee,Tenn.
Family Supplies

A REGULAR MEETING OF THE HAS constantly on handLumber I-I 55
Board of Public Instruction, for the HEAVY GROCERIES, rN 1 4
county of Nassau, held in Fernandina, Fla., by Cargoes. h + ERrnsIT'i _
on the inh day of August., 1883, the Board r'4 N FAMILY GRO :C
authorized the Superintendent thereof to Office on Second Street. vie I Hay and Grain, GOg
issue certificates to those teachers whose certificates 01 --I +-.
have expired, provided they shall I 1* *

!he of the same grade as those that have ex- LOUIS A. C. LAXGE, H r SHIP STORES- 18
hold its next regular meeting in School UPHOLSTERER Z =
Room No. 1, Fernandina, on the 13th day Furniture rN +
ofSeptember,1883,and will open at 8 o'clocka. Foot of Centre Street, FANCY IMPORTED GROCERIES.
m., for the purpose of examining teachers 00
who desire to obtain certificates. Also, if FERNANDINA, FLORIDA. Stoves,
there should be any of our teachers whose GO ONLY SUCH GOODS KEPT IN STOCK AS CAN BE RECOMMENDED AS lit
certificates have expired who desire to have Furniture repaired in the best manner. Paints, .:

certificates have had they of a higher will have grade to than appear those before they notice.Hair Mattresses._made to order at short 36 o Crockery, I PUKE AND OF GOOD QUALITY.ESPECIAL .

the Board for examination. 00.
Furthermore, I desire to reach the trustees JAMES JIcGIFFIN, 00 Hardware, Fr ATTENTION GIVEN TO SELECTIONS OFFINE

and patrons in general by informing them AND BUILDER, ......c j
that it is quite time that they were at work, CONTRACTOR Willow-Ware. ;; -1: +- .
in order that be in readiness as TEAS
the Public Schools they may will open the 1st of October Alachua Street, between Second and Third T = -O-D COFFEES] c

next. If there are any of the School FERNANDINA, FLA. 0
Districts where the trustee's term of office l ". wI
1 1in
bas expired or from any cause that there is fully Orders attended and estimates to. from a distance 25-tf care- 1L.t .... .'.'..;,;. >.'," '.:,-"''.4:'',' ,-, THE BEST GOODS OF THIS DESCRIPTION THAT CAN BE PROCUBED. *
no trustee, in such case the patrons should .0 ".,
recommend some one, and I will appoint
such person at. once.L. Nassau Fibre, A. 0c tej NEW GOODS Received by Every Steamer.Cor. .
W. HIGGINBOTHAM, For beds, pillows and mattresses, superior t
County Superintendent. to anything else in use. For sale by ""' ricea a a Low a the Lownt
Fernandina, Fla., August 18. 1883. June 24-tf FRED W. HOYT & Co. Second and Centre Sts., FEU3TAXDI3TA, FLA.

1 ;



; r1 .
'J J ---- .

""<.)ago'I';: i, :', :'w '," -. FLORIDA FACTS. oaks and the cool sea air sweeps down I costs here about ten cents a bushel. The 6th : -
!. : avenues of these and Tuesday after.4th Monday Superintendent,'
'j"" ; grand hook
: rapid-growing sand and cost the -J.C.Ramsev
< ;: :.I "' '' stones only hauling. in October., : : Troy. .N ew
:r, ,kf ;' ':" A COMPARISON BETWEEN. .THE 'WEATHER OF trees. refreshing the thousands who sit. Therefore, put a little water and labor with
I JI'!"; ',r ,I ; ..,. I WISCONSIN AND FLORIDA. under their branches. All,this is not speculative these, combined with a little brains and experience FOURTH CIRCUIT County Treasurer J. M. N. Peacock, New
: .
for the Spring Term- Troy.
.r natural
I advantages are here
':I.', 1 : FERNANDINA, Aug., 17, 1883 greater than in any other town on the Atlantic building,is and the a result.cheap and W. W.durable JV. wall or St. John's, 2d Tuesday in March. Collector of R 'enue-Xewton Sapp New

r'' '; '' I 4, ; The highest temperature at the beach this coast and the only thing needful to County N. I: Onondaga Clay, 4th Tuesday in'March.Bradford Troy. ,
: ,
;; ,: ;.". ,!, year was one day 90 degs. at a small restaurant secure the result is to attract the, attentionof Tuesday in April. Assessor of fimw-A.S.Ackley. New
{ / -------- Troy.
*.;' ; at the Strathmore Hotel with its some capitalist. Baker,,2d Tuesday in April.
p( : +. i broad verandas, it only reached 80 degs. It has been said, that the southern people A COATING fOIl LEAKY ROOFS. Nassau 3d Tuesday in April. County Judge-LEON Wm.COUNTY.P.

{|t' r};<; .:, :: ,;, You who are living eight hundred miles were hostile to the northerners:; ; that they Some inquiring friends have been experimenting Du val.'1st Tuesday,in May. SheriJf-" A. Moseley, Tallahassee.Byrd, Tallahassee.

U'i' ,: .;. \. ,: further north who endure at times as low are all land speculators, ,whose principal with coal tar for revamping old Fall Term'-' Clerk-C. A. Bryan
: Tallahassee.
) .' .: .: as 40 degs. below zero in the winter, cannot enjoyment to defraud the immigrant. To roofs that begin to leak, and extending their St. John's 2d Tuesday in September. Superintendent #
I;;;; 1. ;; f. : I even have as cool a summer as is found here.' this I give an unqualified denial. A more usefulness. The difficulty, so far is to finda Clay 4th Tuesday in September. Tallahassee. Se/tOols-Henry' N.Felkel'

t' :,, :: '" :'' The difference in temperature between Fer- generous pleasant accomodating or intelli- cheap and effective "dryer" as the tar Bradford, 1st Tuesday in October. : Trealtrer-.T. I..
r;,' J ; ", nandina and Amelia! Beach is about seven gent class of people it has never been my does not set between the shingles and in Baker, 2(1 Tuesday in October. Collector Revenue Demilly Tallahassee.

J" .>" .j: .' ;'.. degrees. At the latter place, too! there: are pleasure to meet, and I think them l less cracks, drips from eaves under a hot sun Nassau, 3d Tuesday in October. hassee. of -C. C. Pearce, Talla
: ;, : at times for days together no mosquitoes likely 'to take advantage of and during rains washes Duval 1st
.' t a poor man's cisterns, injuring Tuesday in November.FIFTH Assessor of Taxes-G. A.
when the wind is from the ocean when necessities the the Croome Tallahas. .
; or mistakes of an unlearnedone water for stock. One correspondentsays i
: I see.
: I
' { ',. from the land these insects are blown to the than are the business men I have known : "I don't think 'bod)" in paint of Spring TermSumtert CIRCUIT.
: (, ; beach in large quantities but if the breeze is north. I know of this LEVY COUNTY.CounntyJudgeJno.F. .
:, one case where a man sort and use is of any great account
;;'t. : .:', :, .' brisk they are blown out to sea-at least had legally forfeited his title from failure to saturating the shingles with the tar so as to; Marion, 4th Monday Monday in in March.March. McDonell, Bronson.
E : they do not annoy ; they are of the large put his deed on record. Two land be Clerk-J.. Barco, Bronson.
measurably impervious to
t agents water thus
;'s ;. kind, and a protects.The, Putnam 3d Tuesday after 1th Monday i in Sheriff J. S. Parker Bronson.
net water at the and the legal owner of the land in question causing the water to run off readily and March. ,
't ''.. "; beach is warmer than at any of the northern agreed that,the only proper thing to do was leave the roof dry is the idea." The mate- Levy 4th Assessor of Taxes-Louis Appell, Bronson.
; J seaport reSorts. The beach is the finest in to quit-claim the land to the man who had rial promising best'results in such a case is March., Tuesday 4th Monday i in Collector of Relenue-J. Ira Gore Cedar

rim'' t: ; ,',:}f. the world. The days are all pleasant there, improved it, and this was done ; the land water lime. It can be used combined with Alachua 4th Key.
I, 'j y and unlike the changeable"cather'' of the was his in equity if not in law. I had a coal tar as It paint or it can be thoroughly March. Monday: after- 4th Monday in Superintendent of Schools-J. B. Menden-

t'' ,,? 'r.I : north, where often a fire i is necessary and. deed made here ; the gentleman who did it dusted over the surface after the coal tar is Fall Term- hall, Bronson.

several days in succession pass indoors, the I would take no fee. .remembered the stories applied. I think the best results will be :MADISON COUNTY.
f secured Sumter 1st
:. : weather ,too cold to gobut. This must Monday October. County Judge-R. M.
current Witherspoon
r north about the grasping propensities by combining both uses as follows)) : Marion, 3d Monday in October. Madi
.. i be a great to the pleasure seeker son.
annoyance of these and Thin the coal
I gentlemen blushed tar by adding common ben- Putnam 3d
..' t ; ; who often have only a limited time to re- for the state of Ill)' nativity, when I remembered zoine, one part of benzoine to twelve of coal Levy, 4th Tuesday Tuesday November.November.: Sheriff S. M. Hankins, Madison.

I t -\ main. A gentleman was telling me that at that at the north I had paid for the tar, then stir in good water lime (entirely Alachua, 1st after 4th Clerk-John Beggs, Madison

,1 : the northern seaport resorts this inconven- first deed I ever had made to a rascally freed from lumps by sifting) until you have November. Monday Tuesday-' in. Superintendent of Schools-E. S. Tyner'
{ ience was often felt especially bj' the gentlemen -' ''attorney, who took' advantage my youth the consistency,, of a strong paint, and paint SEVENTH Madison.
: I who were engaged in business all the and inexperience, the snm of four dollars. this on the leaky roof, covering every part Spring Term- CIRCUIT. County Treasurer-S. S. Smith, Madison.

-. ;;'' week and went out to join their families The people of the south have always been and tilling all cracks. Apply at once a good Orange, 4th Monday in Collector of Rerenue-\I. H. Warring, Mad

:, I Saturday. Very often the, weather, would celebrated for their.high sense of honor, and dusting of water lime to this painted sur- Volusia, January ison. '

,. i i be so inclement that they could not bathe at I find pleasure in subscribing to genuine- face before it dries. The water lime retards Brevard,Monday 1st in in February. Assessor of Taxes-B. D. Wadsworth, Mad
all, and the interior would have been much ness.-E. L. J. in the the Monday March. ison.'
Oconomowoc Wis. running of the
P- ; ( ( ) tar forms a hard coating Dade, 3d :Monday in
I pleasanter. I have been in Florida since
Local. hv the action of"atE'r.. ntifl no.ila fVia Fall Term- MANATEE COUNTY.
: April 13th, 1883, and since that date have very disagreeable-color-of the coal' County Judge-Z. 'r. Crawford, Manatee.
tar. Of
., k ". I not seen one unpleasant day, or one where fire Orange, 2d Monday in August. Clerk-Robert S. Griffith Manatee.
course must be ,
CHEAP BUILDING WITH CONCRETE kept from this paint lest Volusia, 2d in
I a tire was necessary. April and May were the inflammable beuzoineshouldstart September. Sheriff A. S. Watson, Pine Level.
cool June was but hot a combustion Brevard. 4th :Monday in September. Assessor
; warmer ; July difficult to control. The benzoine of Taxes-S. J. Tyler Bradentown
{' "I' : had seventeen days in the nineties at Fer- Our word concrete"' is derived from two reduces the stickiness of the tar, enables it Dade, Monday in November. Collector of Revenue-Marion G. Carlton,
' ., : nandina. and was'the hottest summer ever Latin terms, con, together, and cresco, to to combine or mix more easily with the Popash.

I,;:; t! known here. August has been cool, the grow. As all buildings grow together, stick water lime makes it easier to spread on the County Officers. Superintendent of Schools-Felix J. Seward,
,: : temperature at this date not having reached stick brick by brick stone Pine Level.
, ', r' by by stone, shingles and it soon evaporates leaving a County Judge-Junius C. Gardner. Gaines-
') ', 1 90 degs. 'et. There may have been more every building is literally a concretion, a firm and even covering. The paint can be ville. MARION COUNTY.
t :. I hot days here in July than there were at growing together of parts into one harmonious Clerk-J.
" .; applied by a mop if it is moderately warm ,A. Carlisle, Gainesville. County Judge Samuel Marshall, Ocala.
; : Oconoraowoc, but from reports received whole. Wooden pins, iron spikes, nails when S. Clerk-Robert
,; applied.-Dr. R. C Kedzie Michigan Sheriff C. Tucker, Arredondo. Bullock, Ocala.
;1 : }: from this latter: city and different_ parts ofif and mortar hold these part in their places, Agricultural College. Assessor of Taxes-S. H. Wienges, Gaines- Sheriff A. B. Crutchfield. Ocala.

i.p r LJ4!;e co., there were nays hotter than we as gristle, muscle and tendons hold the .____ __u____ ville. Assesstor of lures-Thomas Barco Cotton
had here. It must also be remembered that bones of animal. The ,
L an strength of the GOOD ADVICE.-YOU will prevent and cure Collector of Revenue-H. C. Denton Gaines- Plant.
here we have a breeze to modify the heat nailing and bracing is generally the the
j measure greater part of the ills that afflict man- ville. Collecor of Revenue-Frederick N.
t while in the inland north there are so 1 many of the strength of the building. Again kind in this Ocala. Foy,
} 4 4i or any section if you keep Superintendent of Schools-W. N. Sheats
your ,
days and nights when not a leaf stirs on the our rudimentary rocks sandstone lime-
or t stomach liver and kidneys in perfect work- Gainesville. Superintendent of Schools-H. C. Martin
') J 1 trees. I have not known one night here stone, are only concreted masses of once ing order. There is no"medicine known BAKER COUNTY. Fort McCoy. ,

-4'; that was hot, though in July were a few that loose particles that time, pressure and chem that does this surely as Parker's Ginger County Judge-R. D. Davis Sanderson. MONROE COUNTY.
, 1 t ( were a trifle too warm for an hour 'ical forces have concreted into ,
or two. solid
( Tonic.
masses. It will Clerk-F.
blood J. Chas.
i ; keep your rich and Pons, Sanderson. County Judge- S. Baron, Key West.
: About
this I feel that
I am not quite a fair But the now common term concrete in ma- and
give Clerk-Peter
pure, you good health at little cost. .heriff-U. C. Herndon. Sanderson. T. Knight. Key "'cst.
" .j' judge for the house I occupy here has a sonry means only a composition of lime, See! other column.GENERAL. Assessor of Taxes-George P. Canova San- She-riff George A. Dernerritt, Key West
tall fence close to the back ,
: of it
\ that cuts off sand and pebbles. What holds these together derson. Assessor of Taxes \Valter i
.' Maioney, Jr.
'-. I \ 'I 1 the west wind from the lower story, and to ? The lime. What is the use of the sandor Collector of Key West. ,

: q. h the southwest is a thick growth of bananas pebbles? Mainly to cheapen the productand DIRECTORY. Sanderson. Revenue-Fleming B. Smith, Collector of 'enue-'Yalter

: ; growing twenty feet high and these interfere imbed into Maloney,
the mass the hardest material
. United Superintendent Jr., Key 'Vest.Superintendent.
States Officers. of Schools-A. J. W.
\ ::1 .: : with the breeze from that Cobb
I know that can be almost everywhere found. Common Olustee. Schools
of J. V.
V: ;1 -- Harris, Key
; ;. on those days when the wind was: westerly: quick-lime will slack in water making LAND OFFICE, GAINESVILLE. West.
'," ':; ;" i my thermometer registered four degrees milky paste that will imbed myriads of par- Register-L. A. Barnes, Gainesville. BRADFORD COUNTY.

; ,,:..i g .. j higher than two others down town. In ticles of sand ; and this composition forms Receiver-John F. Rollins, Gainesville. County Judge-J. R. Richard, Providence. NASSAU COUNTY.
",. I 'SurveyorGenerul1alachi 'lerk-Henry F. York, Lake Butler. County Judge-Hinton J. Baker, Fernan
.' July we had one day that was 97 degs. the cheap and non-conducting ceilings and Martin, Talla- W.
I i Sheriff W. Tumblin, Starke. dina.
: hassee.
: It seems that Florida :
strange! fourteen sides of the rooms in our buildings.But Assessor Taxes
", degrees of latitude south of Wisconsin, in 1819 the accidentally discovered DISTRICT COURT. Butler. of -N. C. Wainwright Lake Clerk-J. A. Edwards Fernandina.Sheriff .

: should be even cooler than that latter State hydraulic lime that would not slack revolutionized Judge-Thomas Settle, Jacksonville. John A. Ellermann, Fernandina.
'r I-ui .llarsltal-J. H. Collector of Revenue-Bunberry Haynes, Assessor nf Tares-Wm. H. Garland. Fer-
; : bounded on one side as it is by that great the plans of the engineers who were Durkee, Jacksonville. Santa PeeSuperintendent
,, ; inland sea Lake Michigan ; but Florida by superintending the building of the Erie Ca- Clerk-Philip Walter Jacksonville. nandina.
', .. its of Sclwols-L. B. Rhodes, Collector of Revenue-"Warren F. Scott. Fer-
peninsular and I INTERNAL
1 position, only a hundred nal. This water-iime, like quick-lime, does REVENUK. Starke.
1 :. :,: \ miler: across, has a sea air all the time and not form a new chemical compound, as ox- Collector-Dennis Eagan, Jacksonville. nandina.
i\ n this the balmy breath of the gulf stream. ygen and nitrogen. form air or oxygen and COLLECTORS OF CUSTOMS.: BREVARD COUNTY.: Superintendent of Schools-I*. W. Hj gin-

r! ', :: ; No state in the country is more free of hydrogen form water ; but it mechanically John \V. HowelL Fernandina. Point.County Judge-James A. McCrory, City botham Callahan.

,:' wind storms; cyclones! are unknown. I grasps the little grains of sand and sticks Edwin Higgins, Jacksonville. Clerk-A. A. Stewart ORANGE COUNTY.

-r. have seen no severe wind storms, and the them together. Globes,of silex can thus be John F. House, St. Augustine. Assessor Taxes Wallace, Titusville. County Judge-R. L. Summerlin, Orlando.
R. :
'r r rains have been more mild than in Wiscon laid up into a solid wall under water or gianna. Moses Geor- Clerk-J. I). Hughey, Orlando.

""':', sin. There a thunder shower is nearly above water with more strength than a wall State Officers. Collector Sheriff Thomas W. Shine Fort Reid.
,,;' '" 1 always preceded by severe wind for a few of brick or of quarry stone. What a won- lando of Revenue-A. D. Johnston, Or- Assessor of Taxes-James M.: Owens, Fort
minutes, and I notice the absence of that derful and cheap provision for making balls EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. Orange county.Superintendent Reid, :Fla.Collector.

:' here with pleasure. I think, too that the of sand into one cemented and enduringwall Governor-Win. D. Bloxham, Tallahassee. of Schools-A. Grady, La of Revenue-Richard H. Marks,

+I ,'i'; 1 lightning and reports of its explosion are The coarser the sand the less lime is Lieutentwt-Governor-Livingston W. Bethel Grange. Sanford.

not as severe here as there. needed; and therefore pebbles are cheaper Key West.Secretary CLAY COUNTY". Superintendent of Schools-John T. Beeks.

I i, I have written something of this before in than,sand. Only be sure that every inlaid of State-John L. Crawford, Tal- Dn County l Judge-J. T. Copeland, Orange Fort Reid.
lahassee .L .u n.Clerk0.
I my letters to your paper, but I wish to impress stone, like every particle of sand, is completely A. PUTNAM COUNTY.
the fact upon the minds of the people surrounded and grasped by pulverized Comptroller-W. D. Barnes, Tallahassee. Springs. Buddington, Green Cove Judge of Probate-B. Harrison, Palatka.

," I north that the objection of heat so often lime. What pins, spikes and nails are Treasurer-Henry A. L'Engle, Tallahassee. Sheriff James W. DeWitt Green Clerk-,V. F. Forward Palatka.
,:' : used to deter immigration here is entirely in holding timbers boards and shingles, .Attorn.ey-General-George P. Raney, Talla- Springs. Sheriff-Thomas Shally.

: without foundation. Of course the sun is water-lime or quick-lime is in holding to- hassee.: Assessor of Taxes-Wm. .Asessor-S. E. Timmons.
hot here, probably hotter than further north, gether sand and stone. Water-lime is the Commissioner of Lands-P. W. White. Collector of Rel.'enue-'Vm.Conway S. ,Plummer Kingsley. Collector of 'en1te-Joseph Price.

but in the shade Florida is cooler than Wisconsin cement, the bond of union, causing sub- Tallahassee. Maxville. Superintendent of Public Schools-J. \\*..
':' and no one need labor here during stances that had no cohering power to adhere Superintendent of Public Instruction-E. K. Strickland.
.. Superintendent of M. F.
: Geiger
the hot season unless he wishes to do so. in one solid union. Canvass White Foster, Tallahassee. Middleburg. TAYLOR COUNTY.

../, The agricultural work here can all be done and his compeers deserve a monument in Adjutant-General. Yonge, Tallahassee COLUMBIA County Judge-W. H. Parker, Perry.
at a time when labor is much more Central New York than the BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION. COUNTY. Thomas
pleasant higher Washington Sheriff Osteen, Perry.
;i County Judge-W. M. Ives Jr. Lake
tY than at the north and Commissioner A. Robinson Tallahas- City.
three times as much monument for their discovery of the Clerk-John Vinzant Clerk-John C. Calhoun, Perry.
;,; _...1 ,, of this pleasant, cool l weather to work in as properties and uses of water-lime. see.Oler1.R. Jr., Lake City. Superintendent of Schools-T. J. Franklin.
Sheriff-J.ff W. Perry Lake
?' ( can be found north in a remarkably pleasant Masons and tenders by practice and the C. Long Tallahassee. City. Perry.
'', Assessor of Taxes-L. W. Rivers;
'. t I .,' season ; for the fall, winter and spring is the salvey feeling with the hoe learn to put Special Agent-Columbus Drew, Astor Collector of Taxes-J. L. Parish Lake Lake City. County Treas-urer-D. S. Sutton, Perry.
time to work here and is like the short fall three to seven or more parts of sand to one Building, Jacksonville. Superintendent of Schools-JuliusPotsdamer, City. i County Surveyor-D. N. Cox, Perry.

f 'J weather so pleasant of the north. The fact of lime. If pebbles or stone are used even SUPREME COURT. Lake I Collector of Revenue-J. B. Hardee Perry
': j that Florida is further south that as work less lime is needed. There is some differ- Chief Justice.-E.. Randall, Jacksonville. City. Assessor of Taxes-S. H. Peacock, Perry.
;,: : of this kind done at the north Associate Justice-J. Westcott jr. Tallahassee. DUVAL COUNTY.
was summers, ence of opinion as to whether the grout or -
t a ,..;.,"'i' i so it must be also at the south has probably mortar shall be used immediately or be sonville.County Judge-William A. McLean, Jack- ST. JOHN'S COUNTY.

,; ( induced the idea among a certain class that broken up and wet again after it has been Associate Justice-R. B. Van Valkenburgh, Clerk-Thomas E. tine.County Judge M. R. Cooper, St. Augus-
Buckman Jacksonville.
; i therefore the working season here must be mixed few hours Some Jacksonville.
a or a day. say it
;:. ': ; f hot and uncomfortable. Be assured my sets twice before it becomes solid. Grout is: Clerk-c. H. Foster, Tallahassee. Sheriff-Uriah Bowden, Jacksonville. Clerk-Bartolo F. Oliveros, St. Augustine-

4 l :" 'J 7 friend that the south need not adopt your merely thin mortar poured on stones or CIRCUIT JUDGES. Assessor of Taxes-A. J. Prevatt, Jackson- Sheriff Ramon Hernandez, St. Augustine

"9, ;: .'a habits of labor, and that your estimates of into a box and then stones laid into a grou t. First Circuit-Augustus Maxwell, Pen- ville.Collector Augustine.Assessor of Taxes-David L. Dunham. St.

:' : .I J her are usually I 1 wrong. The untiring energyof The largest house in my village from the sacola. Jacksonville.of Revenue-Moses J. Brown, Collector

the man from the north has also prompted bottom of the cellar foundation to roof was Second Ci1'cuit-David S. Walker, Tallahas- of Revenue-Joseph F. Llambias,
Ifli.I': t! him to work here continuously the year made of water-lime grout poured into a see.Third Superintendent of Schools-Albert J. Rus- Augustine.Superintendent.

: round in summer as well as when cooler, movable plank box set on sticks running Circuit-E. J. Vann Madison. sell Jacksonville. St. of Schools-C. F. Perpall,

',1 .;; I and he has said that the summers is too hot through the wall, which sticks remained Fourth Circuit-James M. Baker Jackson- HAMILTON COUNTY. Augustine.
'h ::;\ i for any one to work in : this has been written and were afterward sawed off-these mova- ville.Fifth County Judge-Henry J. Stewart, Jasper. SUMTER COUNTY.

: t "f's:, ,. home. He forgets to mention that no ble plank sides to the walls being raised up Circuit-Thomas P. King, Gaines- Clerk-J. Caldwell, Jasper. County Judge-Henry Cassidy, Leesbul" .
''r1 t one here claimed that summer was the desirable the day after they had been filled with por- ville. Sheriff-James. Duncan, Jasper. Clerk-Thomas J. Ivey, Leesburg.

'n. fi t. ; I time to labor. He forgot to tell his ridge grout into which all kinds of stone, Sixth Circuit-IL Mitchell, Tampa. Assessor of Taxes-J. R. Hunter, Ancrum. Sheriff-J. S. Dyches, Leesburg.

: .f... northern friends that the fall, winter and from the size of one's hand to one's head, Seventh Circuit-W. Archer Cocke, Sanford Columbia Collector of Rt"Jenue-'V. H. H. McLeod, Assessor of Taxes-G. P. Wall. Webster.

.ij ; spring were cool and pleasant. He forgot were placed to economize the water. Any County.Superintendent Collector of Relenue-J. R. G. Hamilton
'tf, -: ,' the snow of the springtime in the north, ingenious man who can keep his walls Court Calendar. of Schools-Joshua H. Rob- Sumterville.

t -3 .;_ i when he could not sow his grain in March plumb, and will change from one part of FIRST CIRCUIT. erts, Ancrum. Superintendent of Schools-A. C. Clarke,

r.t: and sometimes. in April!, and when he did it the building' to another to l let the mortar or Fall Term- County Judqe HERNANDO W. L.COUNTY. Sumterville.

'=1'* '?,'' I I was uy walking in iiiuu. sac forgot how in grout set or harden, can build a wall that, Santa Rosa Monday in October. ville. Frierson.. Brooks- SUWANEE COUNTY.
]r the fall the ground freezes often before he like this one, will have no crack or flaw Walton, 4th Monday in October. County Judge M. M. Blackburn, Live

: can possibly finish his plowing and how he and if kept dry will last a century or per- Holmes, 2d Wednesday after 4th Clerk-J. C. Law, Brooksville. Oak.ClerkRobert
t,t. :.'1 complains of the shortness of the season. haps a millennium.Like in October. Monday Sheriff J. B. Mickler, Brooksville. A. Reid, Live Oak.

.' : He forgot the long,cold, barren winter from the mortar of exposed chimneys, if Washington, 2d Monday after 4th Assessor of laxes-Frank E.Saxon, Brooks- Sheriff John R. Sessions Live Oak.

)f. November 1st to April 1st. without one real left open to every driving storm some of in October. Monday ville. Assessor of Taxes W. H. Sessions, Wel-
t4 ', pleasant day he forgets that from Collector of Revenue-F.1.. Townsend, born.
't' ; April to the outside lime will wash out and weaken Jackson,.3d Monday after 4th in
I Julr is often cold and changeable. He forgets the mortar; or when the mortar is wet the October. Monday Brooksville. Collector ef Revenue-Robert F. Allison,

( i all these things and sees only the annoyances frost may expand and scale or crumble the Escambia 1st Monday in December. Fort Superintendent of Schools-D. H. Thrasher, Live Oak.

w: ., : that attach to any new country, wall. But when well made and protectedas This act amended section 2 of act of February Dade. Superintendent of Schools-J. 0. C. Jones
: .. and fails to tell his northern acquaintances much as the walls of buildings HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY. Live Oak.
generally 10 1879 and does
: that the objections to Florida are only those are decades of years show no signs of deteri Spring Term., not change the County Judge-H. L. Crane, Tampa. VOLUSIA COUNTY.

: of a new country, and that the state has no oration.'' For all cellar walls walls against : THIRD Clerk-Wra. C. Brown, Tampa. County Judge James H. Chandler, Enter

I more than Wisconsin once had, and that banks, or walls in standing or running Spring Term- CIRCUIT. Sheriff-D. Isaac Craft, Tampa. prise.

... when they shall have passed away, as they water, concrete is probably better than anything Taylor 1st after 1st Assessor of Taxes-S.E. Sparkman, Tampa. Clerk-John W. Dickins Enterprise.
will eventually, the land of fruits and flow- less than layers of prime quality of i April. Monday in Collector of Revenue-W. F. Buns, Tampa. Sheriff W. A. Cone Enterprise.

ers will be the garden of the world; the solid rock. Smith & Powell, of Syracuse, Madison, 2d Monday in April. Superintendent of Schools W.P. Henderson Assessor of Taxes-John Anderson, Enter-
most beautiful, the richest and the Tampa.
most this prise.
were summer compelled to move a Hamilton' 4th Monday in
delightful to live in of any of the states. large barn out of the way of the West Shore Suwanee, 1st :Monday after April.4th JEFFERSON. Collector of Rerenue-John B. Jordan, De-
The man who comes now and secures his Railroad. They moved it away, stood it in Monday County Judge-J. B.. Christie, Monticello. Land.
up ; April.Columbia '
land at from one dollar to five per acre, can on perpendicular scantling that held up the Monday after 4th Sheriff' T. B. Simkins,,Monticello. Superintendent of Schools-A. Cranshaw,

live to, see it worth $1,000 an acre, and annually barn and at the same time made a frame in April.Lafayette. Monday Clerk-W. C..Bird, Monticello. Enterprise.

t yielding a crop that will pay ten per in which to slide loose boards to hold the 6th Tuesday after 4th Superintendent of Schools-W. R. Taylor, WAKFLLA COUNTY.

cent, on thai valuation. grout and cobblestones that were placed in in April.Fall Monday Monticello. County Judge-W. A. Giles, Crawfordville.

Looking; into the near future, I see at ; these boarded troughs during rainy days, Term- County Treasurer'V.,')[. Girardeau, Mon Sheriff W. H. Walker, Crawfordville.

q AmeliiTBeach numerous large hotels full of the lime sand and cobbles being previously Taylor 1st ticello. Clerk-Nat. R. Walker, Crawfordville.

1 !t people from the north. The wealthy citizens placed,beneath! the barn, for that purpose. October. Tuesday after 1st Monday in Collector of Revenue-Joseph Palmer, Mon Superintendent of Schools-W. T. Duval,

have summer cottages there. Rail cars are Grout or concrete walls are much better Madison ticello. Crawfordville.
Monday in
running beetween Fernandinaaml her cooler than solid stone or stone running through a Hamilton, 4th Monday\ : in October.October. Assessor of Taxes-J. P. Grantham, Wau- County Treasurer-. W. Walker, Craw
suburb und keenah.
men pass every night wall because every new particle of cemented Suwannee ford v ill e.
Monday 4th
with their families without neglecting; their sand or inclosed pebble is a "bre king of in October. Monday -f LAFAYETTE COUNTY. Collector of Relenue'V.. H. Walker Craw-
avocations. The beach, now barren of shade I joints" that helps to stop the transmissionof Columbia *County Judge-W. J. Dixon, New Troy. ford ville.

has been ornamented with beautiful water moisture, cold and heat. Water-lime October. 3d Monday. after 4th Monday in Sheriff Thomas J. Walker New Troy. Assessor of Tares: -C. R. Reynolds, Craw
Clerk-Howell Hawkins, New Troy. fordville.i .


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.- SfctUCe the most fulldiooi a perfect Hair Restorer and Central and Western Railroad.
AN ORDINANCETo Dreulog. Aduurad for lu cUnnliun*and rU-gaut pirfume. Through tickets via this line at the Com-
liner Fails to Uefttore Gre,or Faded Hair
to tin youthful color. W eta and.1 Jze( .at all droggfcti.TflNIC. >any's Depot Ticket Office, and at No. 7 ,
Provide Form for Warrants SYRUP
a 'vest Bay :Street.::; _

upon the Treasury. W. M. DAVIDSON, '
General Manager, .
IT ORDAINED BY THE MAYOR Get Jacksonville, Fla. Cures all diseases of the Stomach, Liver, Bowels,

BE and City Council, That on and after i WILLIAM 0. AMES;; Kidneys, Skin and Blood. MILLIONS testify to its
September 1st, 1883, the following form of Gen'l Passenger Agent,
warrant upon the City Treasury shall be Jacksonville, Fla.j. efficacy in healing the above named diseases, and
I used; and all warrants drawn upon the s. MCELROY,
t it to be the Best
Treasury shall be signed by the Clerk and Master Transportation, pronounce Remedy Known to llian.I .

President; of Council, and countersigned by Tallahassee, Fla.TIME I
the Chairman of the Finance Committee.The i
President shall sign all warrants in open CARD GUARANTEED TO CURE DYSPEPSIA.Trade .

Council. OF THE Hark.Laboratory.


x k CI;) .:.. ,."". ..:. Hk< i fit- f h" FERNANDINA & JACKSONVILLE R. R. 77 West ,Third St., New York City. Druggists sell it.

to;, ,CI.;,) : < t : itk
o In 2d 1883.
Effect July
: q cJ: = kk CEDABTOWIT, GA., June 20th, 1881.
I-< : : : >kY. < GOING SOUTH. Dr. Clark JohmO'II1.Iy children were sick with Fever, and a short trial of your
I-< I :. .: I :. :.c Ginger of the, liiirhu Lest medicines, Bluudrakc known,KtiHingiA are here combinedintoamci'icineof and- Leave Fernandina.....................11.00 a.m. Indian Blood Syrup completely cured them
:. :: :: ::.c.c many such varied and effective Leave Hart's Road......................11.40a.m. 46 RUDIE CANTLER.
kk .: : :: ., :. ::. :. kk powers as to rnakethe, Greatest Blood Purifier&theBest Leave Callahan.......................... 12.40p.m.
.. ... :... ... ;:: c- ..I..c..... Health and Strength Restorer Ever Used.It Leave Button....................... ..... 1.07 p.m.
r. .
k ti : : ''A i: s g k k cures Dy I'1'C Ak diseases of the Stomach, Bowels Lungs,Liver, Arrive Baldwin.......................... 1.45 p.m. INDIGESTION LOST APPETITE. BILIOUSNESS- ;
11 .... .: :.. :. :.. :. .... 104 Kidneys, and all Female' Complaints. Leave Baldwin............................ 2.10 p.m. DYSPEPSIA! SOUR STOMACH, FOUL BREATH, .
v. : : : t I..c sk If you are waiting away with Consumption or Leave Maxville........................... 2.35 p.m. COSTIVENESS, ENLARCED SPLEEN, COLIC &C.
: : : : : the TONIC It wililurelyhclp
v. : .: ._ -- >104V. 4 any disease you. ,Fetnember use it is to-day.far superior to Bitters, Leave Highland..................'.:....... 2.56 p.m. Rev.J B. Graves, Editor and Proprietor "Baptist,1 J. R. Johnson M. D.. Abbeville. Miss. Ang ,
W :.. :. .j: ::. :.. k Essences of Ginger and other Tonics,as it builds Leave Lawtey ............................. 3.12 p.m. Memphis Tenn. Bays: 1 received package of your 11.12, Bays: I am a graduate of Georgia Medical' I
< w .' < up the system without intoxicating. 500. and$1 I Leave Ten1 pIe's........................... 3.28 p.m. Liver Medicine, and have used about half of it. It College and have practiced thirty-five years. I use i
r wk .:. .:.. ..: ..:. :.. .:. cI zk ..!. ..x..... sizes,at all dca1er:in dnl\ts. None genuinewithout Arrive Starke.............................. ............ and works certainly like a charm no more, f want of Zeilin's no better mixture. .Regulator your Liver medicine Medicine In,but my it practice.la a sovereign It Is remedy not only ford a Rood us.Rev. .i''
v. : : .: : '" k signatureoflli cox&Co.,NY. Sendfortircular .. ... ........ Rev.J.S.
c : : : : Cfj DOLLAR SIZE. Leave Starke .. .. .... ... 3.36 p.m. E.A Iluffins,Franklin.Ry.Aag. Beasley.of Summerton.
:: : :. : : ': +kk tr LARGE SAVING IN BUYING THE Leave Thurston .......................... 3.48p.m. .'&!,says: It is the best medicine ti S In's a,J an.'82.says: I have used Zeil-!
: : : I have ever taken in my life. It preparation a great deal but t ncl
:xE-t: 0-4 :. F4 a +I..c Arrive Waldo.............................. 4.10 p.m. is curing me of Dyspepsia.Send me your medicine altogether saptrtorin
v. .l :. : .: :. o kk TEXTS obtained for inventions Leave Waldo.............;................ 4.20 p.m. another package. Must have it. its effect on the system The bett. j
U : i : kk P new ... ............... Rev. J. L. Brittain, of Blonntsville Dr. S. Mansfield. Wholesale Druggist. Memphis j
... .
:: r .: .o...:.:.: :. a w Ek or for improvements in old I Leave Gainesville. 5.06p.m.Leave xt. Ala. March 1882 says: I suffered with Tenn.,says: Have sold It S0 -'-7s; my predecessor,
: .. : as 0 kk Caveats TradeMarksand Arredondo ........................ 5.24 p.m. torpid liver and costiveness and your sold it many years before me.That this medicine ia a <
I-< : ; :: <:o: :: UJ >E. I..c+tk ones.all patent, business Infringements promptly, attendedto. Leave Batton............................. 5.36p.m. with medicine admirable cured effect me My for sickheadachegood one'..no LnmoDS one can Liver deny Medicine and that none it la the dare true gainsay and j

:: F+ I< .. '4> :. kk .. .. .. ..... ..... 4 t
: I..c REJECTED may still, in most cases, be pat- Leave Bronson .. .. 6.21p.m. Put up In 25c.and SI.packages "
.:.;: .... :: E-4 lAo :.c ented by us. Being opposite the U. S. Pat Leave Otter Creek........................ 6.51 p.m. and bottles by *;
< :. ::: kk ent Office, and engaged in PATENT BUSINESS Leave Rosewood..... ................... 7.30p.m. l ;.F.SIMMONS I & CO..ST.loul ,Ml 4t.1. .,
L :. Nk H kk EXCLUSIVELY, we can secure pat Arrive Cedar Key........................ 80.2 p.m. s s r
?a ; : 0 k ents in less time than those who are remote GOING NORTH.
:k: ti E H >t4k < from Washington.When Leave Cedar Key........................ 7.00 a.m.
k :. ------ it Inventors send model or sketch, Leave Rosewood......................... 7.38 a.m. COLLINS&COIHARTFORDEstablished
7 k! ..3J11mUW aJrwul" UVUUVlf{) 'k we make search in the Patent Office, and :Leave Otter Creek........................ 8.13 a.m.
Ii: ; ................................................ k advise as to its patentability free of charge Leave Bronson................. ........... 8.55a.m.
v. : ko kk Correspondence confidential; fees reasonable Leave Archer.............................. 9.25 a.m. 1826.MANUFACTURERS .
Z :pauD.r.t.taluno >< ; and NO CHARGE UNLESS PAT- Leave Batton .......................'........ 9.42 a.m.
Jxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Y x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxii.AU : ENT IS OBTAINED.We Leave Arredondo ........................ 9.57 a.m.
refer by permission to the City Post- Leave Gainesville......................10.24 a.m.
Ordinances, or parts of Ordinances, master, and to the Superintendent of the Arrive Waldo........................:....11.13 a.m.
conflicting with the above are hereby re Post.OfficeIoney Order Division in Wash Leave Waldo........................... ..11.25 a.m. ,, ,
pealed. ington. For special references circular,ser- Leave Thurston.........................11.54 p.m. '111'1,:ill; .
Parsed first reading August 20. 1883. vice, terms, etc., address Arrive Starke.............................. ............. ,
Passed second reading August 20, 1883. C. A. SNOW & CO., Leave Starke-..............................12.15p.m.
Passed third reading, and adopted, August Opp.Patent Office. Washington.D.r- Leave Temple's.........................12.24 p.m.
29 1883. Leave Lawtey _..........................12.48 p.m.
FRED W. HOYT, IIORACE DREW Leave Highland.......................... 1.10 p.m.
President of Council pro tern. Leave Maxville........................... 1.35 p.m.
Attest : Bookseller, Stationer, Arrive Bald win......... .................. 2.05 p.m.
W. F. WOOD, Jr., City Clerk. Printer and Binder. Leave Baldwin ........ ................. 2.30p.m.
Approved : Leave Brandy Branch.................. 2.55 p.m.
F. C. SUHRER, School Books and Orange WrapsNOW Leave Dutton ............................. 3.15p.m.
Acting Mayor.SHERIFF'S Leave Callahan........................... 4.05 p.m.
A SPECIALITY. Leave Hart's Road....................... 4.50 p.m.
Arrive Fernandina ............... ..... 5.25 p.m.
SALE. ;ar- Liberal discounts to Teachers and Trains daily, except Sunday.PENINSULAR OFPicks
TINDER AND BY VIRTUE OF AN Tr.xde. Special prices and Catalogue free on Axes Hatchets

U execution issued out of and under application. DIVISION. .
the seal of the Circuit Court, in and for 59 W. BAY STREET, GOING SOUTH. ,

Nassau County, Suwanee Circuit of the Stateof JACKSONVILLE Leave Waldo Junction................. 4.18 p.m. AND OTHER EXTRA QUALITY
Florida, on the first day of February A.I Leave Dixie................................. 4.40 p.m.
). 1867, to satisfy a judgment obtained in RAILROADS. Leave Hawthorne ................. ..... 4.57 p.m. TOOLS FOR FARMS AND PLANTATIONS.
said Court on the eighteenth day of Decem- Leave Lochloosa-........................ 5.15 p.m.
ber, A. I). 1866, in favor Administratrix of James B. Brown, FLORAL CITY ROUTE. Leave Orange Lake..................... 5.42 p.m. Also, FINE STEEL AND CHEAPER PLOWS

against EmelineCoy.as of the Leave Anthony Place.................. 6.07 p.ni.
estate of Amaziah Coy,deceased,for five hundred Of all sizes and prlcj r.-Din $j > $ J ? Also: Plowing Machines.
FLORIDA CENTRAL & WESTERN R.R. Leave Silver Spring..................... 6.35p.m. ,
\ dollars, interests and costs-said execu- -- Leave Ocala................................. 7.00p.m. Farmers wilt receive valuable information, catalogues, &c.,
tion be levied the and chattels
to on goods Leave Lake Weir Station.............. 7.45
JACKSONVILLE July 1st, 1883. p.m. to the makers
lands and of the of said Am by ,
tenements estate
/COMMENCING this date, Trains on this Arrive Wildwood....................... 8.10p.m.
aziah deceased and also under and
Coy, ; by GOING NORTH. COLLINS & CO., 212 Water St., New York. .
virtue of decree rendered Hon. ThomasT. \J road and its connection will run as follows -
a by : Leave Wildwood.......... .............. 7.00a.m.
Long, Judge of said Circuit, sitting as Leave Lake Weir Station.............. 7.25 a.m. .

Chancellor, in said County and Circuit, on WESTWARD.No.. No. 1. Leave Ocala................................. 8.30 a.m. pt d.rb __STOVES TIN-WARE, ETC. .
the second of December A. D. 1867
day Accom. Mail. Leave Silver Spring..................... 8.48a.m.
awarding to Charles P. for Solicit BULBS
or's fees two hundred and Cooper, dollars Leave Jacksonville....... 7.30 p m 1.30 pill.. Leave Anthony Place................. 9.15a.m. e W. STREETY,
against, Emeline seventy-five Administratrix Arrive Baldwin ... 8.45 pill 2.14 p m Leave Orange Lake ..................... 9.43a.m.
of Coy, as Lake City. 1.10am 4.53pm Leave Lochloosa.................... ....10.10 a.m. Second Street, opposite the Post-Office, "
the estate of Amaziah deceased andto
satisfy the amount of Coy said, decree ,with Live Oak............ 3.15am 5-55 pm Leave Hawthorne........................10.29 a.m. / MILLIONS
interest Madison 5.25am 7.42pm Leave Dixie............................:..10.47 a.m. FERNANDINA, FLA.
and costs; I have levied and OFTHEK2For
will offer for sale, and will sell to U\on\ highest Drifton.............. 7.20am 9.05pm Arrive Waldo Junction..11.10 a.m.
bidder, at the court-house door in the Monticello........ 9.35pm Trains daily, except Sunday1.7.l'FERNANDINA FLORISTS andAMATEURS
city of Fernandina, at public auction, between Tallahassee.... 9.05am; 10.30pm
the legal hours of sale, on the first Leave Tallahassee......... 10.45 pm & JACKSONVILLE; ; R.R ,-, ,
Monday of October next, being the first day Arrive Quincy ............;11.05 a m 12.00 p m GOING SOUTH. Dutch Bulbs, Japan
'I of said month A. D. 1883, all the light, title Chatta. River.12.10 p in 1.00 a m No. 5. No. 7. No. 15. Bulbs, French Bulbs,
Bulbs. AlsoPlantaforUr'eenhouses
and interest of the .estatj of Amaziah Coy, Leave River Junction... 1.10am Lv. Fernandina 6.00 pm 2.00 pm 7.15 pm American
deceased, and of Emeline Coy, as Adminis Arrive Marian na. 2.41 a in Lv. Hart's Road 6.35 2.32 7.48 and Window Gardens
pm pin pm
Pell acola.......... 9.30am
tratrix of said estate, in and to the following Ar.Jacksonville 7.37 3.30pm 8.45pm ,.
pieces or parcels of land, to-wit : Lots ten Montgomery..... f 8.50 p m GOING pm NORTH. BEAUTIFUL Cataloue't, !t IBIEY&GQ.SEEDSMEN .
!t ((10)), eleven ((11)), twelve ((12)), thirteen ((13)) *' Mobile. 4.25pm No. 6. No. 8. +. 1 ,
I and fourteen ((14)). in Block fifteen ((15)), in New Orleans...... 10.15pm i Leave Jacksonville..... 8.00am 4.30pm FREE I a \ Eocheeter,N.Y.&Chicago,111 y T prIUCF
Houston. 6.50
the city of Fernandina. Nassau County, a m -----
Leave Hart's Road...... 9.00 am 5.28 pm
State: of Florida. Purchaser to pay for titles.J. EASTWARD.No. Arrive Fernandina.... 9.35 am 6.00 pm DOVT7S
A. ELLERMANN, No. 2.Mail..
Sheriff Nassau Accom. No. 5 daily except Thursday and Sunday ;
Fernandina, Fla., August 31, 1883.County.td ArriveJ3.cksOI1\'ille....... 8.25 a m 3.00 p m No. 6 daily except Sunday ; Nos 7, 8 and 15 JAMAICA GINGER CORDIALIS
Baldwin............. 6.50am 2.02pm Thursday only-connecting with the :Mallory (I
Lake City.......... 3.00 a m 11.38 a m Line of steamships for New York. NOT AN ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT,
In the Justice's Court, Nassau Live Oak........... 1.25am 10.37am SUNDAY TRAINS. / but contains all the medicinal proper- STOVES, HEATERS, RANGERS.TIN .

County, Fla. 41 Madison\ .11.05pm 9.12am Leave Jacksonville...................... 9.00a.m. ties of the finest Jamaica Ginger Root. It
44 Drifton.. 9.05pm 7.30am Arrive Fernandina.....................10.25 a.m. is very pleasant to take, and AND SHEET-IRON WARE
RILEY E. ROBINbOX VS. MASiiUtETBRisxoLand Monticello 8.00 a m Leave Fernandina.......................6.00 p.m. ROOFING AND GUTTERING a
V.J. BRISTOL Tallahassee........ 7.15pm 6.05am Arrive Jacksonville...................... 7.25 p.m. CURES; INDIGESTION, HEADACHE, ,
l"UlRIII.TOWN! her husband and THE; Leave Tallahassee 6.38 p m 5.55 a m COLDS, CHILLS, CRAMP COLIC, PUMPS, DRIVEN WELLS, ETC.
IMPROVEMENT Arrive Quincy............. 5.20 pm 4.45 a m CONNECTIONS.AT .
Leave Chatt'chee River 4.15 p m 3.45 a m DIARRHOEA, A large stock of Stoves on hand. Give mea
I of Florida, Nassau County. Arrive River Junction.. 3.10 a nnarianna. FERNANDINA, FLA., PAINS in the StoJiach: and Bowels, call, and compare my prices with those of
II You are hereby notified that a writ of attachment :\[ 1.39am7.15pm With New York and Fernandina Steam- other houses, here or elsewhere.
I has been issued against you the Leave Pensacola........... ship Line from New York Tuesday at 8a.m.,11.35 and MALARIA, by warming and stimulat-
I uid Margaret Bristol and V. J. Bristol: her Leave Montgomery\ ..... 8.30 a m2.00pm a.m., or 6.15 p.m. : and for,New ing the Stomach and Bowels into a healthy BOOTS AND SHOES.
Husband, and attached toatisfy Leave Mobile. action. Sold by ,
property ,
your York at 10.40 500. .
on Thursday, a.m., p.m.or
the demand of Riley E. Robinson Leave New Orleans...... 8.40 a m 5.50 PALMER BRO'S,
Leave Houston............ p.m.'Vith Street Fernandina Fla. THE NEW STORE. 3$
.; amounting to the sum of one hundred dol- 6.15pmTrains Sea Island Route from and to Savannah Centre JjdJ'
I!, "ars. Now, unless you shall appear before Trains 1 and 2 daily ; 3 and 4 daily Sunday, Wednesday and.Friday. a*Also, Agents for DOW'S JAMAICA -
I 'i' W. Sclmyler, a Justice of the Peace in except Sunday. GINGER ALE the only Ginger Ale made
I and for Nassau county, at his office at Fer- SOLID TRAINS Jacksonville to Pensacola. AT CALLAIIAN. without pepper. 22 :::B { W. F. WOOD, Jr., (- t Sc
:undina Fla., on the 18th day of Septem- SLEEPING CARS Madison\ to Pensacola. To and from Savannah and Charleston at

I 'II.r< A. D. 1883. atlOd'clocka.m.,judgment CONNECTIONS. 7.25 and 9.45 a. m., 7.30 and 4.22 p. m. O. S. OAKES > {{ Proprietor, } EJC
\*ill be rendered and At Jacksonville, with Waycross Line by
against you your prop- AT BALDWIN, FLA.,
sold No. 4 in the a. m. and 1'0.2 in the m., for C
\\rty to'par the debts. Dated this 17th To and from ONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Tallahassee at 1.45
North and East with the p.m.
'lay of July, 1883. all points ; Fernan- > C>
RILEY E. ROBINSON, dina & Jacksonville Railroad for Fernan- AT HAWTHORNE, MANUFACTURES
Plaintiff.. dina ; and with Steamers for all points on To and from Palatka at 10.45 a.m.and 2.40 ;
Fernandina, Fla., August 18,1883.4w the St. Johns River. p.m. ,. .. : :t.
At Baldwin by No. 1 and 2 with Florida AT WILDWOOD. OF ALL SIZES. ,>iV-j.:
Transit & Peninsular Railroad for Gaines Office Box 174. '
NOTICE. With Stage Line to and from Brooksvilleand S S
ville Ocala Cedar and all Fernandina Fla
Leesburg, Key, Tampa daily Sunday. jan4 ,
WEEKS I WILL Gulf Ports. \ except AND ,.
SIX AFTER DATE With Stage Line to and from Leesburg
,, to the Judge of the County Court At Live Oak with the Savannah, Florida daily except Sunday. IIO FOR THE BEACH. S Sr
and for the County of Nassau, Fla., for & Western Railroad.At .
'<;tiers of administration on the estate of Tallahassee with St. Marks Branch AT CEDAR KEY, FLA., AND A MOONLIGHT DRIVE

Nelson l Parker deceased. Railroad on Tuesdays Thursdays and Sat- With Tampa Steamship Company's Steamers -: :s: ". rr
F. C. SUHRER. urdays.At for Key West, Monday and Thursday The three elegant Omnibuses of McGinnis ).
Fernandina, Fla.. May 12, 1883. 6ehllinistrlltor's Chattahoochee River, with the Pensa- p.m.; for Tampa and Manatee, Monday and & Rawson can be secured for private partieson
cola & Atlantic Railroad for Marianna. Pen- Friday. very reasonable terms,at any hour,either. C> CC >

..\ Notice. sacola. Mobile, Montgomery, New Orleans, With Morgan's: Line Steamships for Key day or night.
and all points in the West, Southwest and West and Havana every Saturday 4 p. m.; 26lcGIXXIS & RAWSON.To Fernandina
> {{ }} EJB
SIX WEEKS AFTER DATE I WILL Northwest-forming the SHORTEST, for New Orleans every Friday at 4 p. m. ,
to the Honorable Judge of the QUICKEST AND BEST ROUTE to these For information respecting routes, rates Rent.
ounty Court for letters of administration of points; and with the Central and People's etcJTapply to The property known as Sanborn's Stores. : Cor. Centre & Third. } gJSSTHE ..
''lie' estate of Spicer C. Braddock, deceased. Line Boats on Sundays and Thursdays for PP' A. MAcDONELL, Apply for particulars to
TOHN OWENS. Apalachicola, and Tuesdays and Saturdaysfor Gen'l Ticket and Pass.Agent.D. A. B. NoyEs.Fernandina .
Fernandina, Fla., July 2, 1883. Columbus and Eufaula. MAXWELL, Gen'l Supt. 12 July 15-tf. NEW STORE. $L



r +




v 3M
f :. .
f r' ''t' I -

/ r t :: j THE FLORIDA MIRROR. A Destructive Conflagration.ONE MRS. G. STABK It was rumored- that Mr. Downey had sold. well for the purpose, and present a variety

,: : ,',, ': owned the building adjoining the brick his lots but he denies this most emphatically.He of colors to select from, to suit the taste. "
,. \. 1 : store and occupied by John L. Clay as a that while he will not rebuild the One more
'r: .:"i\ fi.OO A YEAR; X 7.00 FOR SIX MONTHS DESTROYED-THE LOSSES ETC. drug store. The building was worth $1,800, says' point: chimney tops in this

\Erg.,.,' .,' .. I Mirror Special of Monday September 3d. on which there was $1,200 insurance in the lots are not for sale as yet. Mr. Downey'sloss section are, as a rule, not built of sufficient

I ;i ; :, j Reflections. Yesterday morning this city was'the scene Hartford, C. V. Hillyer agent. falls very heavy on him, but we opinehe height. Respectfully,

.. ..". I of a disastrous conflagration, destroyingthe JOHN L. CLAY will see the advantages of rebuilding ina ROBERT S. SCHCYLER,
: I'
; :'. i" I whole business part of the block southof carried a policy of $1,000 on his stock and few weeks especially as the larger portionof Architect.
of Cedar
Mrs Julius Stark and infant "
: L .i I Centre between Second and Third
;* street furniture, in the Home Company. His loss his brick is in excellent condition.Mrs. Fernandtna, September 1883.
{ ,'I r Key is visiting in this city. and involving a loss of some $40,000, only
: 1'i"..;. ;::, will ,not fall short of $500, outside of the
o + partially,,covered insurance.. Howell Hobein and Major Suhrer ------ -
j ,
:'' ilt: vr; : I ; ,The warm weather in the early part of the About the origin of the calamity different Range of Thermometer
s. CABRIO. have not decided yet to rebuild-at least not
';, : S, ,J;*#: week was relieved by a refreshing rain on theories are advanced, some stating that the FOR THE WEEK ENDING FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7.
The little cigar store Mr.
occupied by
in the of tin- present.
fire originated rear Streety's
! ; r'r :; ,);: : +! I Thursday evening. DRUG STORE.
v Carrio was owned by a Mr. Brooks, of Boston -
> shop, while others maintain that it had its
I ...' :y .:,: As will be seen by a notice elsewhere, Mrs. origin in the rear of Steil's sample rooms. A and was valued at $300; insured. Mr. There is one thing on which all the own- a. -. -. -. --

, ;'t ,' :. : A. C. Fisher-Mackenzie will close out her number of young men, who claim to have Carrio carried $450 insurance on his stock ers of lots in the burned district are agreed ...= .-.. --: --.l --

i .: ',j i .' ; goods saved from the late fire at a bargain. been first at the fire, state that when they and store fixtures.MRS. upon and that is that none but substantial I Iti= .icn 1 :. Q r

f '' arrived the rear portion of Streety's shop A. c. M'KENZIE buildings ought to be erected in the
: '
;I' ', :. .'I'" ,1' Rev. ?m. F. '"'Wood, of Key West, will was ablaze. Whether the fire was incendi- Saved nearly all her household furnitureand block-no iron shells veneered SaturdaY..SeP I'' 78 83 83 80 I Xi:

:' :: ;J': %' !; : preach to-morrow at the First Baptist ary cannot be stated with certainty. A po- the goods out of her millinery estab- corrugated or Sunday............. 79 84 85 NE
; "
fire brick fire traps-and we understand the City .......... f 821
I :. Church morning and evening. The public liceman, just before the saw a man running lishment. She had an insurance on the Monday 31' 80 84 XE.
,, ,, at full speed up Centre Street from the building of $1.000, in the Underwriters' Council will be petitioned to that effect. Tuesday............. 78 183 36 R
h: ., .! i l are invited. direction of the fire, but whether he was Agency. She loses about $800 on the build- 'Vednesday........ 5 80 88 89 831 E.

: l' :: An excursion party of Red Men will arrive white or colored he could not determine in ing, and some $200 on her furniture and Thursday......... 6 80 87 E,
..,: ;, the darkness. Mr. Street) claims that there stock. THE PROBABLE EFFECT. Friday.............. 7 75 I 180 180 791 NE
': ; _I: r here next Thursday morning from Starke. was no fire in his shop all day Saturday.The MRS. J. W. HOWELL While the calamity that befell us on Sun- .
:,; ; .L. The party will take in Amelia beach, return- first alarm was given about halfpastone -- ---- -
Owned the used day morning was undoubtedly a serious loss,
building by W. F. Wood JLtBI."E.Port .
the next day. o'clock when the rear of the buildings
} ; ing mentioned ablaze and the Jr.. as a boot'and shoe store. She valued the it; is our judgment that it will be felt only
were seen soon
l'? ,,: ,, ;, :.:: A complimentary dinner was given to wooden fronts were a mass of flames. building at $2,000, having just completed temporarily. The destruction of the wooden of Fernandina.

". .s,' United States Senator Jones in Detroit last Most of the buildings in the district 000.alterations Mrs. Howell and repairs] had to an the' insurance amount of of$1-$1- buildings in the best business block of the HIGH WATER.

t, b : week, where he was on a visit, the guest of burned were wooden structures having been 300 divided in the Hartford and North Brit- city has only enhanced the value of the lots Saturday, Sept. 8...... 0:00 A.M. 0:20 P. M.

{; ;' !, Mayor Thompson. erected after before the the present fire fire in 1876.ordinance Besides was ish and Mercantile agencies.w. on which they were erected, because by the Sunday, u 9...... 0:41: u 1:14":
passed, u
I' '. ,. Monday, 10...... 1:36 2:12"
'/. ,I' ". J. Wrn. Lake has rented the store on the this, the rear of the stores was covered witha F. WOOD JR., ordinances of the city now existing, they Tuesday, u 11...... 2:36 u 3:13: "

:. : .'.; :' ; southeast corner of Centre and Third streets, number of outhouses sheds, store-rooms, Loses only by damage to goods, etc., as can only be replaced by buildings much Wednesday. u 12...... 3:38": 4:11":

';,, :; and has removed his stock of clocks, watches etc.inflammable, thus furnishing material an for abundance the devonring of highly ele- nearly building all his stock His was removed before the more fire-proof. Already a lot and a half Thursday. 13...... 4:40: u 5:08"
caught. stock was insured for U u
14...... 5:38
'\ jewelry, etc., there. ment to feed upon. Only gentle breeze $2,000. have been sold for $1,550, and there is not a :
,' Amelia Lodge No. 47 F. & A. M., will was blowing from the east, and to the for- The second story was occupied by a fam- single lot now on the block, fronting Centre ENTERED.
tunate direction of this wind the occupants from
r ily who had just moved in.
meet on Monday evening next in the room of the buildings on Centre street owe it that They saved all their personal effects. street, that can be purchased for less than Sept. 1-Sch. Fannie W. Childs' Hart, New

over the store of Fred W. 1IOt & Co. All they were enabled to remove their goods and $1,000. Handsome brick stores will be erect- York.

brethren are requested to attend. household furniture. J. C. RUTISIIAUSER. ed in the place of the wooden firetraps, and 30-S. P. St. Nicholas, Fitzgerald, Sa-
side Mr. Rutishanser, the barber, who owned vannah with freight and
P The post-office building, on the west I passengers -
in time
of the
The dangerous portions of the walls of the of Second street, right opposite the burning and occupied the next building saved all a year's no trace present calamity to C. A. Haley agent.

/'>',- ij Stark brick store and the chimneys of the buildings, was, during the first part of the his household effects. He had an insuranceof will be left. 3-Sch. Rebecca H. Queen Smith,
t $1,000 on the building. He estimates his to C. H.
I progress of the flames in the most imme- -- Philadelphia ; light,
E other buildings were taken down yesterday, diate danger. A small band of brave men loss on building and damage at 1000. THE Huot. .

by direction of the city authorities. saw this, and organized into a bucket brig- HENRY HOBEIN MOR\L. 3-Sch. Ruth Darling. Chipman,
4 To the Editor of the Mirror
ade, and soon the roof front and sides of Owned : Bucksport; brick to master.
Captain Ed. Stone the popular commander next premises. He also saved
:; "
the building were kept wet, though at timesit all his stock of sewing-machines and his The singular indifference as to any precautionary 4-S. P. St. Nicholas, Fitzgerald.! Savannah -
er the St. Mary's river packet steamer was thought almost impossible that the household furniture and personal effects.: measures for the prevention of with freight and pas-

Martha, left for a short trip North by the heroic volunteers could hold out. Though He had no insurance whatever. His loss fires, manifested by our citizens has been a sengers, to C. A. Haley.
.. San Antonio y'yesterday visit his relatives. individuals were driven, scorched tempo- will not fall short of$1,200. I' 5-S. S. San Antonio, Wilder, 1,680
",' t'' rarily from their exposed positions, they subject of much surprise to me, and I have tons, New York ; with freight
:: : 1, The San Antonio had a full list of passengers would return in a few minutes undaunted, ; ,, THE DOWNEY BLOCK. often urged attention to the subject, predict- and passengers to K. W. South-

: this week from New York. Those for and continued their self-imposed task until The three-story brick block of M. Downey ing what we realized last Saturday night, wick, agent.
"- \;11 the danger was past. They realized that if is a total loss, as Mr. Downey's insurance 6-Sch. A. and E. Hooper, Hand,
Jacksonville and the St. Johns river
were when a fire insignificant at the time of discovery
( they were to abandon the building the wholeof ran out last April, and he did not renew it. Savannah ; ballast, to King's
; ... sent over by special train Wednesday morning that block containing the fine brick The building was worth $8,000. I became a conflagration that totally Ferry.

, .. building of Mr. H. E. Dotterer, Duryee'sold MODE BROS., destroyed an entire square in the business 6-S. P. St. Nicholas Fitzgerald, Sa-

w" ,>. >* The Masonic fraternity has been peculiarly office and warehouse, the liaison build Who occupied the first floor as a dry-goods. portion of our city : and during its progress, sengers vannah ;to with C. A.freight Haley.and pas- .
and the store formerly occupied by
r; ? ;' unfortunate. This is the fourth time ing Palmer Bros. would also fall an store, and had the use of a large part of the : the large concourse of people assembled
I easy preyto second floor are heavy losers. The CLEARED.
, ; ;:f >* i their Lodge room has been burned, causing the devouring element. Prominent mention of stock taken two weeks since shows account could do nothing but stand idly by and -S. P. St. Nicholas. Fitzgerald Savannah

';\': ;:1! material loss to the fraternity in every in this small band of heroes deserve that they carried goods valued at $24,000. watch its progress-making no effort to ; with freight and passengers >

J'.H r ,, instance. Mr. C. J. Kimball, Paul Francis J. II. Pres- The goods from the first floor were removed, arrest its course, except in the one instanceof by C. A. Huley.
,. cott, C. H. Whitner. It. Schuyler. Duncan but considerable on the second floor was 11 5-S. P. St. Nicholas, Fitzgerald, Savannah -
the strenuous and determined tand made
". Mode Bros. have the lot and Cribb and City Marshal R. F. Smith ably
: ", :' purchased burned. They lose largely by theft during ; with freight! and pas-
';", FisherMac I seconded by a number of others. They the removal of the goods. They carried an by a few to save the post-office building.Too sengers, by C. A. Haley.

i. kenzie and will immediately erect a handsome deserve the the thanks wind of the not entire favorable community.to its insurance of$9,000, $6,000 of which expired much thanks cannot be awarded to 7-S. S. :San: Antonio, Wilder 1,680(
Though was twelve hours before the fire occurred thus tons, New York with freight
.. It those who worked for hours without relief, ;
brick The consideration of the materialthe
:: store. paidwas : progress from the nature
.' :. leaving them only $3.000 insurance. Their and passengers, by R. W. South-
,', element fed it soon made its way in exposed positions on the front and roof
; .
$1,550.Now upon loss from theft
:L:' damages etc., is $10,000. wick. a ent.
4' rom the burning buildings on Second streetto Amelia of the building, and to the carriers of "
>' f Lodge F. & A. M. loses about $100on 7-Bark Elvina Curtis, ;
t destroyed
;, that the old buildings have been -
: : the rear of those on Centre envelopingthe its furniture, etc. Not insured.Mr. water who supplied them and those who lumber byMizell & Bro.
:' it is to be hoped that the city authorities brick store of Mr. Stark, Clay's drugstore "
'l ; stand the latter Downey also owned the building oc- otherwise assisted them for their ardu- 7-Bark Frithjof (Nor.), Hausen,
::,' ; ; will not permit any but substan- and Carrio's cigar cupied by Dr. W. H. Pope, which was val- Tonsberg, Norway.
tial and ornamental buildings to be put up two wooden buildings in a sheet of flames.the ued probably.at,$300, and also proves a total ous and unselfish exertions, by which they 7-Sch. Mary S. Allen, Butler, Bruns-
From here it communicated rapidly to loss. Mr. Downey's loss i is very heavy, and saved the building and thereby saved the : wick.
burned district. the block. The
W in the recently other wooden buildings in withso represents nearly all the hard-earned savingsof property to the river front. At several 7-S. P. St. Nicholas Fitzgerald Savannah -

: :' :Mr. J. H. Prescott left for New York and old Fisher building, which was saved a lifetime swept away in a few !hours. points during the early stages of the fire it with freight and pas-
much difficulty in 1876 was soon a mass .
C. A.
a New Hampshire Tuesday to buy his fall of ruins, soon to be followed by Wood's could have been stayed had there been appa- sengers, by Haley.IN

I t : stock. Mr. Prescott was accompanied as far shoe store, Rutishauser's barber-shop and INSURANCE COMPANIES WHO PAY THE LOSSES. ratus to use ; but there was none, and the PORT.
: Hobein'ssewing-machineemporium. Mean- The losses to the different who Brig Mary E. Powell, Mitchell.Sch. .
as Baltimore by his daughter :Miss Clara, companies
absence of wind alone much
: while the hungry flames had eaten their Tom Williams Wheaton.Sch. .
where she goes to resume her studies at the way through the rear of the stores to Third had taken the risks in the burnt district are greater loss. John M. Hevnes.. McFurlami.

t, t NOtre Dame College. street, burning the office of Dr W. H. Pope, as follows: Our citizens must now, I think, realize the' Sch. Ella Elliott/Hall.

is the of the steam and the wooden store-house of the Downey Continental.......................................$ 450 with Sch. Fannie. Childs, Hart.
The following necessity of providing some means
,. cargo block. This three-story brick block, on the Hartford............................................ 1,800 Sch. Rebecca H. Queen Smith.
; ; a ship San Antonio, which cleared for New corner: of Centre and Third, was the last Home.............................................. 4,000 which to combat the destroyer; and although Sch. Ruth Darling Chipman.Sch. .

York yesterday morning : 75,000 feet lum- building burned. In the beginning of the Manhattan........................................ 2,000 croakers may repeat the old adage of "when A. and E. Hooper, Hand.
fire it faintly hoped that this block North British & Mercantile............. 700 "
ber, 370 barrels rosin 135 barrels spirits, 75 was I the horse is stolen, etc., it will be well to ----- --- --
would be preserved, but in the absence of Phoenix............................................. 2,000 behind Card of Thanks.To .
cases cedar, 247 empty kegs, 28 bales moss, any organized efforts to tear down the inflammable Underwriters.................................... 2.000 remember we have just such horses ; all the who aid

,; 23 boxes lemons, 54 packages merchandise. structures in the rear, it soon La Con fiance........................ ............ 500 i. e., although this block has been long and worked so persons bravely and came nobly to in my saving..

w Ex-Senator Yulee of Florida, is building caught, and great volumes of black smoke Norton's Agency, Jacksonville, (com- looked upon as one that sooner or later in good condition, furniture and goods from

a house Connecticut avenue were seen issuing from the second and third pany unknown)............. ................ 1,500 must be the subject of a serious fire, yet we the fire on Sunday morning, I wish to extend -
M an elegant on ,
stories. The building contained a large
Mr. C. V. Hilly is the agent for all except still hearty and grateful thanks feeling
have several other such spots left. my
Washington which, it is said promises to quantity of inflammable matter being occupied -
that without their kind efforts
Mode Bros., who had their store on the Manhattan and La Confiance, who My is not to advise confident
be a welcome addition to the number of by present purpose any (which did not cease until all were safely
floor and used of the sec- have no here. Mr. W. A. Jones
the ground part agent rep-
elaborate system-people at such
are apt
', : handsome residences built in that section of stored), nothing more than clothing could
; The third
ond store-room. story
story as a resents Mr. Norton. times to plan out too much and begin at the have been saved.
1 :r the few Philadelphia
;+ the city during past years.- was occupied by the Masonic fraternity. In A. C. FISHER-MACKSN/IE.
,:' 7imea.t half an hour the splendid structure was in wrong end, and so fail-but to suggest a
\ REFLECTIONS FROM THE FIRE. Fernandina, Fla., Sept. 6, 1883.
ruins. It was nearly daylight when the small beginning; and that accomplished,
i'-; Mr. R. W. Southwick returned from the walls of this building fell in. Nearly all of the business men in the
let think of the rest.
us .
.J '; I North by the San Antonio Wednesday. Mr. The comparatively slow progress of the burned district have obtained temporary lo Card of Thanks.I

j', $ Southwick had no information in regard to'tt fire made it possible for the occupants of the cations. My first step would be to provide a thoroughly desire to give my sincere thanks to those
+ Centre street buildings to remove nearly all equipped hook and ladder apparatus gentlemen who worked so hard to save my
the fire here, until the steamer was opposite ther effects, as mentioned before. Mode Bros. have rented the store formerly with a company to take charge of the building from destruction by the late fire.
Centre street. It was quite a severe shockto there number of idle P. KELLY.
Though were a large occupied by the Palmer Bros., near the de truck carrying a series of
r '.t, him. Among the property destroyed in lookers-on there were plenty of willing same-a proper Fernandina, Fla., Sept. 6, 1883.
will sell out their old stock -
pot. They regardless ladders hooks with chains and
hands to help save the property of their unfortunate strong ,
his room were family relics, which he
, t many fellow-citizens, to some of whomit of cost. They have purchased the i ropes, axes and leather buckets ; these to be Closing Out Sale.

' 4 prized very highly. meant all their worldly possessions. lots where the Fisher building stood, and used for no other purpose, but kept in order Having no suitable place in which to con-

f's While looking over the ruins of his buildings THE LOSSES. will erect a handsome brick store.Mrs. and ready for use when required. This need tinue my business, will sell out my entire
F. C. Suhrer stock (which was saved in good condition)
: Mr.
yesterday morning, The first building consumed. Streety's tin
would be
Fisher-Mackenzie has moved the not be an expensive affair, but it
coin and knowing shop was owned by Mrs. J. W. Dickinson.It regardless of cost. Also a part of my house-
accidentally across a
L; came was valued, probably at $500. and WAS goods saved from the conflagration to the of great utility, affording not only the nec- hold furniture, carpets etc.

{, .' that Arthur Steil, who occupied the insured. Streety lost all of his stock and Swann concrete building, and advertises in essary appliances with which to work but A. C. FISHER-MACKENZIE.

premises, had lost a valuable collection of tools, valued at $750, on which there was another column that she will sell out the what is of equal if not greater importancean Fernandina Fla., September G, 1883.

'l foreign coins in the fire, be began to dig no insurance. remaining stock, etc. She has sold her lots organization affording the basis of sys- Found.A .

.f; ming the point of his umbrella, recover- F. c. SUIIRER. into business As and work for much
y and will not go again. soonas tematic orderly a greater small
for safe drawer.
Mr. Suhrer owned the buildings occupiedby key, or Apply
b quite a number pieces. :Many of them Mr. Steil. They were valued at $2,500, her stock is disposed of she will join her number by adding volunteers indefinitely, at. post-office.

+ were burned beyond recognition, but some on which there was no insurance. husband at Woodlawn, on the St. Mary's as the exigency of the case may require.

are in a fair state of preservation. ARTHUR STEIL. river. When we have accomplished this, our first Wanted.
By a lady of experience situation as
3rr Mr. Steil when the fire was discovered, Mr. Stark has opened temporarily in the step, we may develop from it our future fire teacher of English branches and music.

Post- .ceAotice. had just retired. He was barely able to save store at his residence, formerly occupied by protection. A fire engine would be of little Good references given. Adress.
his valuable all his
:t N Office Hours-From 8:00: A. M. to 7:00: p. M. personal effects.papers He,carried losing an nearly insurance of Mrs. Stark as a millinery store. The losses service at present, without a water supply, M. L., Albany Ga.

Sunday hours, 10:30 A. M. to 11:30 A. M. $1,500 in Norton's agency on his stock. His on his building have been adjusted, and he which must be next considered ; but let us

ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF THE MAILS. loss outside of this is estimated by him at will commence rebuilding immediately.W. accomplish one step at a time. kinds at Shingles.All

Northern Mail (Daily except Sunday-) $1,500. MISS G. 11. LATIIAM, F. Wood, Jr., has leased the store for- While on the subject of prevention of 38-tf FRED "". HOYT & Co's.

.. ............. 5:50 and 0:05
Arrives P. M. : p. M. R. G. fires, allow me to advise our citizens living
merly occupied by McQuitty for
s t Closes_................. 7:30 A. M. and 9:30: A. M. who owned the building occupied by Mr. a Valuable Orange Lands for Sale.
Beard as a restaurant had $500 insuranceon year, and will be ready to open again by under shingle roofs, that most of the fires in
, : Transit & Peninsular Railroad the building, in the La Confiance Com- next Monday.J. this country originate in the roof, and can- Tracts containing twenty acres each of

, p ? 1, Arrives....................................... 5:50 p. M. pany. She valued the building at $1,000.MR. not be accounted for. but be choice, high hammock land on Orange Lake
s Closes....................................-... 7:30 A. M. C. Rutishauser has taken temporarilypart may pre- suitable for orange growing and truck farming
fi, Jacksonville South and West Florida- BEARD of the store Mr. vented by a coat of paint. The reason is are now offered for sale. These landsare
who occupied the premises lost his furni- now occupied by Lake,
.h this that the fine fibre of the wood the very conveniently situated for transpor
Arrives................... 9:00: A. M. and 6:05 p. M. ture. His loss is probably $150.G. and was at work there four hours after he : on tation, by water or rail, and will be sold on

4 CloseS.................... 9:30 A. M. and 5:30 p. M. STARK. was burned out. exposed surface separates and curls up, pre- terms to suit purchasers. Titles are unques
Arrives Sunday...... 10:25: A. M. Mr. Stark had his brick store insured for senting quite a hair-like coat, bristling all tionable. Also valuable timber lands i in

Closes Sunday........ 4:00: p. M. $4,000, but carried no insnranceon his stock. Arthur Steil has leased the lower floor of over the surface of the shingle ; these catch large bodies. G. R. FAIRBANKS

i St. Mary's and King's Ferry Mail- I He loses on the building $2,000. His stock the Angel concrete building, on Third street'and and hold any sparks or cinders that February 16, 1882. Fernandina, Fla.
a* i I was mostly saved ; the loss from damage to about
t will there in three weeks.
Arrives Tuesdays and Fridays at 2:30 p. M. I open
fall the roof from chimneys or burn-
it will probably be covered by $500. upon
Closes Mondays and Thursdays at 8:00: A, M. Livery Stable at a Bargain.
John L. Clay will probably rent the small
R. W. SOUTHWICK.Mr. ing buildings, preventing from rollingoff
I offer establish-
: St. Mary's and Dungeness a bargain entire
J Southwick the agent of the Mallory store in the Scott brick building, on Second ; at the same time, being most combustible ment in this city consisting of Carriage?
Arrives:Mondays and Thursdays at 8:00 A. M.
the second floor of the
.' Tuesdays and Fridays at 2:30 p. M. Line occupied street. they take fire and burn into the roof. Buggies,Wagons, Carts, Saddle and Carriage
building. He is at present in New York
'Vedll'sdaysandSat'days at 9:00: A. M. and nearly all his personal effects, furniture, Streety will open again in a week or ten Hence I advise paint your roof. Insurance Horses, Harness, etc.

"i Closes Tuesdays, Wednesdays, i and a valuable piano were burned. Mr. days, but has not decided on a location yet- .companies would do well to discriminate in Terms of purchase, CASH.
Fridays and Saturdays at 2:30 p. M. Hubby estimates Mr. Southwick's los at : Mr. Hobein has taken the house
on the favor of houses so protected. Any of the Office and Stable-First Street, near Broom
_i o SAML. T. RIDDELL, P. M. $1,500. I southeast corner of Ash and Third streets. cheaper metallic or earthy pigments answer I. Street Wharf. 46r

; r .
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