Florida mirror

Material Information

Florida mirror
Uniform Title:
Florida mirror (Fernandina, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Fernandina Fla
A.B. Campbell, Geo. Burnside
Creation Date:
January 14, 1882
Publication Date:
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-<1886>]
Triweekly[ FORMER <1890-1891>]


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Nassau -- Fernandina Beach
30.669444 x -81.461667 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 30, 1878)-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1901.
General Note:
"Democratic" <1880>.
General Note:
Editor: Geo. R. Fairbanks, <1887>.
General Note:
Publishers: George R. Fairbanks, <1885-1886>; Moore & Manucy, <1887-1891>; The Mirror Pub. Co., <1894-1898>.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
021984913 ( ALEPH )
33834378 ( OCLC )
AKP5868 ( NOTIS )
sn 95047336 ( LCCN )

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a High School; its streets are broad and
planted in orange trees, and on market days
present such a busy and thrifty picture as
is seldom seen in an inland tbwn. Its chief
revenue is derived from the export of or-
anges, cotton, rice, early vegetables, etc.,
which are grown in great abundance, and
since (during the last 18 months) the con-
struction of the aforenamed railroads
through the county, and the contemplated
erection of central sugar mills in various lo-
calities, the cultivation of sugar, which since
the war has been small, will be resumed on
a comprehensive scale, and it is only reason-
able to suppose that with the present tide of
immigration and consequent development
of these industries that Ocala is destined to
double its population within the next few
years, and become a town only second in
importance to any in the State.-Ocala La-
A SAD DEAT-H.-Willie, the eight-year old
and only child of Mr. Zac. Harris, of Fer-
nandina, accidentally brought his young
life to a sad end on Sunday last. Just after
dinner was over he-asked his mother if he
could go into the parlor where were some
young ladies and gentlemen.' She told him
yes, but to go wash his face and hands first.
Willie then went into the next room where
was a basin and a long towel on a roller. In
only a few minutes one of his little cousins
went to the room and noticing that some-
thing was wrong with him, gave the alarm.
Mrs. Harris ran to the room and found him
with his hands and feet on the floor, and
the towel twisted close around his neck.
Death had ensued from strangulation. It is
supposed that while playing with the towel,
as the children were accustomed to, poor
little Willie got it twisted around his neck,
and trying to get extricated from it became
confused and turned himself the wrong
way. This is truly a sad death, and we join
our heartfelt sympathy with the communi-
ty for the stricken parents. Mr. Zac. Harris
is a brother of Mr. John Harris, of Citra,
and a nephew of Mr. E. J. Harris, of this
place, and was on a visit to his relatives in
this county.-Ocala Lacon.
Ringham & Bros., of Lake Como, are now
shipping some of the finest cabbages grown
in the State. A gentleman just from there
says they are the finest that he has seen in
Florida. Messrs. Ringham have about 5,000
in all.--The Florida Southern Railway has
built a track at Lochbie one-half mile in
length, to connect direct with the steamer
Alpha on Orange Lake, thus avoiding the
necessity of a transfer.-One day last
month, December 27th, Dr. Newsom picked
and ate from his garden ripe green corn,
large and finely developed. The stalks on
which the ears grew were large and have
grown as luxuriantly as in early summer.
J. H. Miller, of Lake Como, is cultivat-
ing egg-plant quite extensively this season.
He has already 12,000 plants ready for set-
ting out. Hepropagated them in cold frames.
He raised successfully a good crop last year.,
Egg-plant culture, as demonstrated by Mr.
Miller, is one of the most profitable special-
ties one can engage-in. The yield is large,
and usually no trouble is experienced in
finding a good market. We expect to be
able to give the result of Mr. Miller's labor
in this line ,at the close of the season, as well
as the 'profit and manner of cultivation.-
Putnam County,Journal.

In Fairy Land.
The following, communication in regard
to the soiree at Lyceum Hall, last week, was
handed in for publication too late for our
last issue :
,To the Editor of the Mirror :.
We confess 'ourselves charmed with our
first visit to this wonderful country and its
charming inhabitants. The veritable little
"Sprites themselves held us under agpell
for two hours, on Tuesday eve at Lyceum"
Hall, where the elite of our city where in at-
tendance at the soiree (fancy dress) of the
dancing school under Mrs. Livingston, and
Misses Baltzell and Tucker.
King Oberon was there with his charming

little Titana,,reigning most gracefully over
this fairy kingdom of beautiful little elves
and Sprites! "My sweet Queen with the
magic wand had evidently converted to her
train a bewitchingly charming host of Flow-
er Girls, Pages and Highlanders, With a Red
Riding Hood, Aurora, and a Bluebell of
Scotland, with Peasants from all countries.
Truly, fairy fingers had been at work to pro-
duce this beautiful picture!
Until long past ten the gay little sprites
tripped the light fantastic toe, displaying ex-
cellent training and exquisite grace in this
beautiful accomplishment. The wee wee
baby Fairy was a perfect marvel of grace and
It is rarely we are treated to so delightful
an entertainment, and we are much indebt-
ed to the ladies in charge of these dancing
elves for the artistic grace and skill displayed
in their management. The pupils certainly
reflect great credit upon their instruction.
We trust before long it may be our lot to '
spend another such charming evening.

FLORIDA RAILROADS.-At this season of
the year the thoughts of thousands of peo-
ple in the cold and inhospitable regions of
the continent are turned to the "Flowery
Land" in advance of their footsteps. They
dream of a health restoring climate, made
attractive by orange groves, and a mantle of
verdure almost tropical. Such associations
have not only given a business interest to
progress in that State that bids fair to devel-
op very rapidly its local advantages and
productions, but to consummate improve-
ments in which the whole country is deeply
interested. We hear of the sale and transfer
of the Transit Railroad, including what is
known as the Peninsular Railroad, as well
as what is known as the Florida Tropical.
Sir Edward Reed is the purchaser, and has
taken up the labors of the venerable ex-
Senator David L. Yulee, the father of the
internal improvement system of Florida,
and has entered on the active duties con-
'nected with the management of the great
interests mentioned. In the successful ex-
perience, sufficient means and vigorous en-
ergy and manhood of the new manager, the
people of Florida, and all interested in the
transit facilities and productions connected
with the State, have not only an assurance
that the right man is in the succession, but
that the fact is a near approach to the con-
summation and completion of the unifica-
tion of a railroad system across South Flori-
da to the Gulf of inestimable value. With-
out reference to increased facilities thus. af-
forded in intercourse and ordinary business
between grand divisions of the country,
these improvements open up and give im-
mediate market outlet to a large district of
country, rich in many supplies of commer-
cial value, and especially important in en-
larging the area of its almost tropical fruit
production for home consumption. We
welcome, with the quick appreciation of
friendly interest, the development and pros-
perity of sections so l.;ni in social and busi-
ness associations with our city, and trust
that mutualities of every kind ,may bind us
closer together.--Baltinmore Gazette.
The situation of railway affairs has be-
come quite interesting and exciting recent-
ly. The syndicate, represented by Sir Ed-
ward Reed, K. C. B., M. P., of England, has
united with that represented by the Dutch
bondholders and other German capitalists,
and has obtained control of the Florida
Transit, Fernandina & Jacksonville, and
the Peninsular Railroads, and also the char-
ter for the extension southwardct of that sys-
tem of roads. They have also purchased
the Florida Central Railway, from Jackson-
ville to Lake City, and as they already con-
trol the Jacksonville, Pensacola & Mobile,
they now have the entire system of com-
pleted roads in their hands, with the excep-
tion of the Waycross Short Line to Jacksop-.
ville, and the narrow gauge roads terminat-
ing at points on the St. Johns river. They,
have also purchased one-half of the four'
million acres of the Disston purchase, and
this will be an incentive to an early comple-
tion of their railways through Southern
Florida, and we are assured that such is
their purpose. The Tropical road, now grad-
ed to Sumterville, will be pushed southward
as rapidly as men and money can push .it,
and some of the better informed of our peo-
ple think it will be completed to Tampa
within six months. We are enthused with
the very bright prospects for our delightful
portion of the Land of Flowers as they de-
velop and open up with the new year, and
extend our hearty congratulations to all our
readers. We also extend to Sir Edward Reed
and his associates our earnest cooperation,
and pledge ourself to do all we can in our
humble sphere to aid them in their extend-
ed efforts to bui-ld up our beloved State. We
think he purchase of the half interest in
the Disston land is peculiarly fortunate for
our interests, as these lands will be speedily
settled up by a sturdy and honest class of
English and German immigrants-the very
class of immigration we need to develop the
resources of our country. And in addition

to all the other advantages arising from this
arrangement is the one of having the lands
to be made more valuable by the construc-.
tion of railroads, and the roads themselves
under the same ownership and manage-
ment. We understand that it is the purpose
of Sir Edward and his party to visit Tampa
pa at an early day, and we promise them a
warm and hearty welcome from all our peo-
ple. But we still have interests in other
railways than this one. We are still fondly
clinging to the hope that the Jacksonville,
Tampa & Key West Railway will be con-
structed with certainty, celerity and secu-
rity," and are on the qui vive, daily expect-
ing the work to begin. We presume the
Florida Southern has been completed by
this time to Oeala, and we learn that they
intend to push the work southward at once
to whatever point they propose making their
Southern terminus. We are confident now

that the year of grace 1882 is to be a year
fruitful of good things for South Florida.-
Gulf Coast Progress.
The recent railroad changes, whereby Sir
Edward Reed becomes the President of the
Transit and the Central, and which insures
the completion of the system of roads as
originally designed under the internal im-
provement act of 1855, meets with universal
favor. The State press hails it as the begin-
ning of a brighter and more prosperous era.
There can be no question that Florida has
received within the past year the elements
of a new and more vigorous life. Soon
Tampa and the Gulf coast, the Indian river
country and West Florida, will all be'enjoy-
ing railroad communication with the rest-of
the State. Already these sections are begin-
ning to feel the new life which the certain-
ties of the future inspire, and are rapidly
filling up with an intelligent and thrifty
population. Let the good work go on.-
I will say to you that we have caught the
spirit as well as the name of enterprise up
here in Volusia county, and one of the best
proofs is that your enterprising sheet finds
its way here regularly, and is sought by
eager readers. We confess to having been
somewhat behind the times in years past,
but now what seemed to be a misfortune is
clearly turning to our advantage. Had we
built the railroad we contemplated building
a year ago, it would have been a narrow-
gauge, but the building of the Palatka &
Indian River Railroad by the American Con-
struction Company of Chicago, (the contract
for which, signed and sealed, I have just
read,) will secure us a standard gauge north
and south road, with connections that will
save us the vexatious delays and expense
and breakage attending transfers from nar-
row to standard gauge lines. Truly we have
caught the railroad fever, and the air is full
of rumors of roads soon to be built. The
officers of the Orange Ridge, DeLand & At-
lantic Railroad Company, having obtained
a special charter from the last Legislature,
with a. liberal land grant, are now negotiat-
ing with railroad builders with a view to the
. building of the road at once."--Correspondence
BIG EVENTS.-More important events have
transpired within the borders of Florida in
the past four or five months than have hap-
pened since Adam wasa mill-boy. Thefirst
and, perhaps, the biggest thing, not to be on
ice, was the sale of four million acres of pub-
lic lands to Mr. Disstoni, of Philadelphia.
The next event, of greater magnitude, was
the advent in our midst of Sir Edward J.
Reed, an English gentleman of reputed
wealth and influence. The next grand an-
nouncement was the purchase by Sir Ed-
ward of one-half of Mr. Disston's lands-
two million acres. Before we had time'to
discuss this matter it was announced that
Sir Edward had purchased a controlling in-
terest in the Central, from Jacksonyille to
Lake City, and was made president of the
road. Sir Edward next appears at Fernan-
dina, where he purchases the Transit and
Peninsular railroads, and is made president
of these two lines. What will transpire next
no one seems to know. Aside-from the re-
grets at parting with Our old railroad man-
agers, everybody appears to be pleased with
the movements of Sir Edward Reed. He is
said to be a plain, practical gentleman, and
doubtless knows full well what he is about.
He has certainly chosen a fine field for the
employment of his skill and means. Al-
most as many eyes are now turned toward
Florida as were ever set on the golden state,
and with two such men as Mr. Disston and
Sir Edward, representing millions of capi-
tal, combining to develop our State, who
can longer doubt our future prosperity and
greatness ?-Starke Telegraph.
erence to our first page will be seen an in-
terview with Hon. D. L. Yulee respecting the
sale of the Transit Railroad, copied from the
Mirror. We think that since Mr. Yulee has
stepped down and out as it were, even his

enemies will give. him credit for doing re-
markably well in his railroad projects, and
that he has done a great deal toward the de-'
velopment of the State, perhaps more than
any man in it. These things are like a
man's virtues, which are never fully known
and appreciated until after death. Florida
has her Jones, Bloxham, Walker, Call, Bul-
lock, Perry, Daniels, and other leading
minds, but for intellectual greatness none of
them are the superiors, if they are the equal,
of David L. Yulee. Do we hear Doctor Wall
say.Amen ?-Cedar Key Jouonal.
trolling interest in the Florida Central Rail-
road, and the entire franchise, etc., of the
Transit and Peninsular railroads, with all
their branches, have been purchased by Sir
Edward J. Reed, of London, England,; Dr.
Wertheim, of Amsterdam, and Colonel C.
D. Willard, of New York, as representatives

portant change to us in Middle Florida, as it
places the entire lines of railroad between
here and Jacksonville and Fernandirih un-
der one control, which will enable the man-
agers to offer better and more favorable
rates, as there will be no division of the pro-
fits with another road. Besides, it places
the road between Jacksonville and this city
in the hands of real owners, who will set to
work at once to put it in thorough running
order, and, we hope, will put an end to the
*ruinous litigations that have fleeced and
impoverished it for many years. And furth-
er, it places in thepower of the present nian-
agers to put on a line of steamers between
Fernandina and New York, and establish a
most formidable competing line for the
freights of Middle Florida. And we take
occasion right here to tender a general hint
to the Savanndh, Florida & Western Rail-
road to keep their eyes open on the freights
of this section.-Land of Flowers.
In speaking of Mr. ).ulee's connection
with the Transit road, the Union gives ut-
terance to the following remarks, which set
forth more truth and evince more true ap-
preciation than anything we have seen on
the subject : Mr. Yulee, as he says, has,
through many difficulties, brought the Tran-
sit up to a very fine state of efficiency.. He
has been greatly misunderstood by many
who, require from him bricks without
straw,' but those who know ,most about
him, and the difficulties which have beset
him, have admired most his great energy
and fine judgment in the management of
the property."- Waldo Cracker.
RAILROAD NEWS.-Colonel S. B. Carter,
chief engineer of the Jacksonville, Tampa &
Key West Railway, arrived last Saturday
from New York whither he had been on
business in connection with this road. He
is now engaged in locating the line from the
foot pf Polk street on the river, preparatory
to commencing grading which we under-
stand.will begin soon. In this connection
we may state that it is highly probable our
citizens will be called on soon to do some-
thing in the way of securing for the compa-
ny-a depot, when it is hoped that a generous
public spirit will prevail; and that the
same spirit will be manifested by those whose
property may be infringed upon by the line
of the road in and near town. We must do,
our duty in this matter which admits of
neither apathy nor obstinacy if we are t,...
have a terminus for the road.-So(/ai(id Tri-
It is reported that Sir Edward Reed with
others, will visit Tampa next week on busi-
ness connected with the rapid completion of
the Tropical Peninsular railroad. As will
be seen in another place, Mr. Yulee has re-
tired from the management of the Transit
and Peninsular Roads, which Sir Edward
Reed now represents on behalf of tthe capi-
talists interested.-Sunland Tribune.
We are reliably informed by General Elias
Earle, of the Green Cove Spring & Melrose
Railroad, and who has just returned from a
meeting at Green Cove Spring, that the con-
tracts will this week be sublet for the grad-
ing and cross-tieing of the road., He also in-
forms us that the iron for the road has al-
ready been purchased, and is now on its way
to Green Cove Spring, and that the road is
to be completed within the next three
months.- Waldo Cracker.
The-President of the 'South Florida'Rail-
road, Mr. J., E. Ingraham, andE. RT- Traf-
ford, chief engineer, visited last
Thursday.' We are infi.rmed by these gen-
tlemen that the road is completed to Lake,
Tohlopkalega and -that the ro,-l will be
pushed forward to Taiti a.. This road will
be a very paying road and will. n.,t inter-;
fere with the other roads projetefd to Tam-
pa. It runs a little north of east fromiljiere,
and will be the road to supply Western pro-
duce to a large extent of country. Onl the
upper St. Johns and south, the country has
been supplied with Western produce by the
way of New York, thereby paying much
heavier freight than it would cost to bring
the produce down the Mississippi river and
from thence to Tampa by water, and by rail
to the Atlantic counties of South Florida.

We feel gratified that these gentlemen are
pleased with Tampa, and the kind reception
they meet by the people.-Tampa Guardian.
Colonel P. B. Carter, chief engineer of the
Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railway
with his assistants, arrived in town last Sat-
urday, and have been engaged this week in
locating the line of said road.--Guardian.'

Mrs. Morgan, our obliging postmistress,
has an orange tree bearing this year for the
first time at the astonishing age of four
years, and which produced twenty-four or-
anges on two branches. They were all very
fine and free of rust. Now, if anybody wish-
es to compete for our medal for fine oranges
,from young trees, let them '"' trot out their
stock. We will even give our South Florida
orange growers a chance. Ahem:-Starke
Telegraph. ,
Not so fast. We saw last year on Orange
lake a seedling sweet tree, raised by Owei
Sykes, three years old, twelve feet high, and


and those associated with him on the Re-
publican ticket have been selected as custo-
dians of our city's affairs for another year.
We opposed them earnestly, unceasingly
and conscienciously. We battled with all
our influence and strength for what we
thought was best. The coming year will
mark the supreme crisis in our city affairs,
and our desire to see them committed to
other hands was great, but it has been de-
cided differently, and the question of duty
arises. Wp place this construction upon the
obligation before us : We will watch vigi-
lantly, not for an opportunity to abuse, but
as an impartial journalist, and where cen-
sure is due it will be meted out without stint,
prejudice, or favor, and when praise is de-
served, it will be given without fear. All
sincere efforts to meet the interest upon our
new bonds, improve our streets, retire our
scrip and advance our city, will receive the
frank and hearty encouragement of the Ga-
zette. No partisan abuse from this journal
will embarrass any honest effort of the new
administration to improve our city's condi-
tion.-Pensacola Gazette.
It was the general impression that every
orange tree in this county was killed last
winter by the extreme cold, which was the
severest that has been experienced here for
more than thirty years. This, however,
was a mistake, Mr. T. B. Byrd of the enter-
prising firm of Byrd & Coles, presented us,
not long since, with a sample of some or-
anges grown this year on his place near Mic-
cosukie, which was of good large size and
well flavored. We learn also that Dr. Man-
ning, near lamnonia, and several others in
the county, have trees bearing, though of
course on a very small scale. Most of the trees
injured, had only their small branches killed
and many will no doubt be in full bearing
againnext year or the year after. Still we do
S not believe that orange culture in this county
as a separate business will ever amount to
much. If the immigrant has the orange
fever and cannot cool it off we advise him
to go farther south.-Economist.
Mr. B. H. Herring brought us on Thurs-
day several specimens of the Japan persim-
mon, ripe, large and luscious. They are
of three varieties-the Hachiya, an oblong
fruit, dark-red in color, and about, seven
1 inches in diameter; the Kurokum, a small-
er, lighter-colored fruit, more like a large bell
pepper in shape, and the Zingi, a magnifi-
cent specimen, nearly nine inches in cir-
cumference, and rich beyond conception in
flavor and flesh. This fruit is certain to
come largely into popular favor as soon as
the stock of home-grown trees can be relied
on to supply the demand.-Floridian.
06ala, with a population of 1,200 inhabi-
tants, is the county seat of Marion, situated
near its centre, and lying midway between
the celebrated Orange and Lochloosa lakes,
r and Lake Weir some 18 miles to the south-
ward. Since before the war it has been the
chief shipping point from which the cotton
and other products of the county have been
exported, via the Ocklawaha river, which
traverses the county in a northerly direc-
tion some six miles to the eastward of the
town, and empties into the St. Johns 'river
25 miles south of Palatka. To within the
last ten or fifteen years the great natural re-
sources of the county had remained unde-
veloped' by its scattering population, and
Ocala had necessarily remained little more
than a hamlet,but about that time, when
the cultivation of the orange became gen-
eral, Ocala began to grow, and since then
hasesteadily increased in wealth and popu-
lation, until it now ranks one of the largest
and most prominent towns south of Jack-
; sonville. The county is high and rolling, is
dotted by pleasant lakes, and probably con-
tains a larger proportion of what are known
,. as hammock lands than any county in the
State. In it the orange grows wild from its

extreme northern boundary, and a trip
through the country from that point to the
southward reveals an irregular chain of
healthy orange groves, (including the cele-
brated Harris' and Bishop's groves, located
on .the southern border of Orange Lake,)
which extend for some, miles to the south-
ward of Ocala. The county will shortly be
traversed on the west by daily trains on the
, Florida Southern Railway to and from
Ocala, connecting with Gainesville and Pa-
latka.on the St. Johns river, and on the east
by the Peninsular Railroad with the Transit
at Waldo. Both roads will presently form
a junction at Ocala,.from which point they
will soon be continued to their joint termi-
nus at Charlotte Harbor. The town is pleas-
antly located, has two good hotels and sev-
.eral private boarding-houses; Episcopal,'
Methodist and Baptist churches; several
'white and colored public schools, including

of a party of capitalists. This is a very irm- bearing over two dozen large oranges.

Y v





Behind her fan of downy fluff,
owed on .,ft saffron satin stuff,
With peacock feathers, purple-eyed,
Caught ,laintily on either,side,
The gay coquette displays a puff.
Two blue eves peep above the buff;
Two pinkyvpouting lips. enough!
That cough means surely come and hide
Behind her fan.
The bark of Hope is trim and tough,
So out I venture on the rough,
Uncertain sea of girlish pride.
A breeze! I tack against the tide-
Capture a kiss and catch a cuff-
Behind her fan,
-Frank D. Sherman, in the Century.



It was Christmas Eve, in the year of grace
The little village of Lullingham lay sleep-
ing in the shadow of the Kentish hills, as it
had done for a thousand years. The setting
sun still touched the uplands that rose be-
hind the hamlet with a tender though pallid
beauty but the low-lying pastures were al-
ready dark in the gathering twilight, and
the tiny rills, which in summer time tinkled
like fairy-bells along the sedgy water-cours-
es, were now hardened and silent within
their reedy belts. Yet the crisp air was not
wholly silent, for in the belfry of the an-
cient church the ringers were softly practic-
ing the Christmas carols that were in a few
hours to ring in the blessed Christmas tide.
The church itself was strewn with goodly
piles of evergreens and filled with a throng
of villagers, who had been decorating not,
ungracefully the gray old structure. Day-
light had died away while they wrought,
and now their rosy faces and quaint eigh-
teenth-century costumes moved into alter-
nate light and shadow beneath the flicker-
ing rays of a huge cresset, borne aloft by
Isaac Cloke, the parish clerk. All at once a
displeased murmur rose near the chancel,
and a youth approached Isaac with visible
discontent. There were not hollyberries
enowto make the Table look seemly !" he
muttered, and the Parson would be an-
gered. Father Isaac had taken all the best
to deck the Squire's Few. I'm thinking,"
he added, that its hardly right the holiest
place should be left so bare, while enow
and to spare has been used for the Pew."
The old clerk darted a withering glance at
the speaker. Whist, Roger, whist," said
he, ye know nothing about it. The table's
a holy place, no doubt, and should have a
goodly decking, as is most justly due; but,
after all, is, it not the Squire's Pew where
the Lords of Lullingham have knelt and
worshipped for hundreds of years?"
Is it called the Squire's Pew because the
Squire sits up on high there?" asked a tall
maiden as she paused in Wreathing a low
What!" cried the old clerk fiercely, for
he -had been put out by the youth's speech.
"Art thou a Lullingham maid and know'st
no better than that? What's thy name?"
"It's not a Lullingham maid, Father
Isaac," answered a young man, whose deli-
cately cut features testified to the Norman
blood which-had mingled together with the
men of Kent in his present ancestry. "It's
Gilian Gray out o' the Sheers,' and she only
came here two days agone."
She's forgiven, then," muttered the old
man, graciously. 'I thought it could be
none o' you that have heard me tell the
story, off and on, these fifty years !"
"Tell it to us again !" shouted Gilian's
champion, "then Gilian '11 know about it
"Yes, tell it us again, Father," cried a
chorus of young voices. "It won't seem like
Christmas Eve if 'ee don'tt"
Isaac was propitiated at once. I'll tell it
'ee," he said, "lads and lasses ; but first ye
must all seek for berries to hang around the
Table, or may be the Parson will be an-
gered, as Roger says."
A successful search was made, and then
the old man-still hale and upright, though
numbering more than eighty years-mar-
shalled them, with the air of a knight-at-
arms, in front of the Squire's Pew.
This was, however, no pew at all in the
modern conception of the word, but a recess
south of the altar, which had been used in
olden times as a chapel of St. Edith. The
shrine of the Saxon virgin had, indeed, been
destroyed, and her image torn from its
niche; but there yet remained in the south
wall four lofty stalls of carved oak, reached
by steps, and erected possibly for the priests
or "chaunters," but in which, since the Re-
formation, the lord and lady of the manor
had been wont to sit with their eldest son
and daughter on either hand, the younger
members of the family occupying an oaken
dais immediately beneath. Above them
) hung the banners of their line, the nave-
Sment at their feet was thick with monumen-

tal brasses, while on the wall were no fewer
than seven tablets of white marble, bearing
coats of arms richly colored.
"Look, children," said the old man rever-
ently, as he pointed to the stalls and dais.
" Thrice in two hundred years have seven
Squires of Lullingham knelt here before
marching away to battle. The first time was
on the eve of Barnet fight, when Lancelot
Polhill and his six sons heard vespers, lit-
tle dreaming that in a few short hours all
seven would lie slain upon the bloody field
for the sake of Queen Margaret and her son.
The second time," he continued, with fal-
tering voice, "I myself remember. I can
see now the old Squire Thomas and six
youths-not to be matched among the
Squires of Kent-around 'him. All seven
fell at Newbury fighting for King Charles !
Men do say that the King himself looked
upon them after the battle .and.,knighted.
them as they lay dead-of that I speak not
certainly. What I do know is that the next
Sabbath two widows knelt together in these
stalls, and a little babe was brought -to be
baptized in the old font yonder. Since
those days this has ever been called 'the
Squire's.Chancel, or rather the Squire's Pew.
Look up, children, and see upon the wall
the names of the seven Squires of Lulling-
ham who died for the blessed King !"
His hearers raised their eyes as he spoke,
and glanced at the well-known shields.
Highe-t of all hung that of Thomas Polhill,
below it those of his six sons. Their names
stood out in the flickering torchlight:
Lancdlu, Cuthbert, Reginald, Hugh, Howard,
No word added save the dates of their
birth and death, and in golden letters the

motto of their house, Pro Rege et pro Pa-
tria." Isaac pointed to each name, and then
let his wand rest upon that of the eldest
son, Lancelot. I loved them all," he said,
"but this one dearest. I was his hench-
man, and I followed him to battle ; I brought
his body home with the others for burial
(they lie beneath this pavement), and knelt
here with the two dames at the little babe's
baptism." But who was the little babe,"'
asked Gilian, out o' the Sheers ?" "Who?"
responded the old man. Who, but our
own Squire, his son? Ye may call him Sir
Thomas if ye will, for the Queen has knight-
ed him, but he'll always be the Squire of
Lullingham to me. These arms bore him
to the font, for the women shook too. much
with fear and sorrow to be able well to car-
ry him. And I said good-bye to warfare
after that night. Your grandfathers know
I've been clerk and schoolmaster for well-
nigh sixty years."
But look, Father Isaac," cried the ob-
servant Gilian, the last stall is left un-
decked. Have ye forgotten it?"
No," replied the schoolmaster, with a
sudden change of tone, while the other girls
gave Gilian nudges and pinches, I have
not forgotten it. The West Stall is the seat
of the eldest daughter of the house. The
eldest daughter has disobeyed her parents,
and is absent, and I must keep the Squire's
order that her seat be left undecked."
It's right you should keep it, Father,"
said the voice of a comely middle-aged wo-
man who had entered while Isaac was
speaking, "but Sir Thomas has given no
such order to me." And, as the woman
spoke, she let down her apron, full of ever-
greens and choice flowers. Old Isaac looked
neither displeased nor glad.
Well, I've done my part," he observed,
with a sagacious air, "and it's time these
lads and lasses were home to supper." He
stepped forward as he spoke, and the villag-
ers trooped noisily after him out of the
Gilian remained, and, behind a pillar, the
youth who had defended her. Ye'll stay
and help me, may be," said the woman, as
she perceived them, and, handing the strip-
ling a festoon, she bade him twine it round
the carved pinnacle of the Western Stall.
The wreaths which the unexpected visitor
had brought were composed almost entirely
of white holly leaves, bearing. scarcely a
mark of green or crimson. There were also
flowers; and last, a single chaplet of pale
monthly roses. All these Winifred Cloke
arranged with a tearful eye and loving hand.
These flowers," she said, as if to herself,
are not more pure and sweet than was the
Squire's daughter, and her foster-sister will
not leave her stall undecked, though Bride
Vernon may be across the water and forgotT
ten by those who should love her best."
Gilian's curiosity rose high at these mys-
terious words, and she would have spoken,
had not a glance from Ralph restrained her.
Winifred shook up the crimson cushions.
Twenty years to-morrow, since she knelt
here at the first wedding festival," she mur-
mured with a sigh. Then, raising high her
lantern, she bestowed a lingering glance
upon the Squire's Pew and passed before the
youth and maiden down the ancient aisle.

And now my readers must learn some-
thing of that first wedding festival" which
Winifred Cloke, with so much emotion, had
associated with the Squire's absent daughter,
Bride Vernon.
Early in life Thomas Polhill had married
the orphan daughter of a Scottish Earl,
whom he had seen in the Royal ante-cham-
ber on one of those rare occasions when he
visited, Whitehall. About the same time the
widowed mother of his bride consented to
share her fortunes with those of a cer-
tain Dr. Nicholas Prendergast, a clergyman'
of ancient family and high reputation, and
the horizon of the two high-born ladies-for
years one of storm and gloom--now seemed
at last to promise a future of sunshine for
them both ; but the prospect was suddenly
and terribly overclouded. Dr. Prendergast,
while away from home, was attacked by the
plague, and fell a victim to it in a few hours.
The dreadful news was brought to Lulling-
ham Castle, where the still youthful Count-
ess had been happily presiding 'over the
cradle of Lady Bridget's first-born child.
She was,herself in the expectation of be-
coming a mother, and the sudden calamity
was more than her delicate frame could bear.
She gave birth, prematurely, to a daughter,
and died soon afterward.
One of the most engaging traits of Lady
Bridget's otherwise haughty character had
been her tender devotion to the mother
whose adversity she had shared, and her
grief at this bereavement was overwhelm-
ing. She caused the little orphan to be
brought into her chamber and cradled with
her own baby, until a nurse was found for it.
Not long had she to seek one. Isaac Cloke
had deemed it fitting that the same day
which gave a mistress to the castle should
also see one brought to the gabled school-
house, and his wife, a robust country wo-

man, many years his junior, was already
nursing his little black-eyed daugh-ter. Nan-
cy Cloke and her little Winifred were soon
installed at the castle, and here the three
children grew and throve together in the
ancient nursery.
Time passed on. Bride Polhill became the
idol of her father, to whom she recalled his
wife as first he saw her in the ante-chamber
of the king; but it was remarked that Lady
Bridget seemed to hold her young half-sister
almost dearer than her child. The reason
for this was probably that Joan Prendergast
resembled both in character and loveliness
the mother whom Bridget had so dearly
loved, while Bride was in mind and person
her own counterpart-haughty and self-
reliant, and ready, if her will was crossed,
to oppose her with a spirit as udbending as
her own. Joan had never left Lullingham,
and her grateful nature would not permit
her in any way to thwart the wishes of the
sister who had been to her like a mother.
She possessed, however, a strength of prin-
ciple unusual in one otherwise so yielding,
which reminded those who had known him
of her father, Dr. Nicholas Prendergast.
Winifred Cloke was the much-loved bower
maiden of her foster-sisters, and the joy of
the old henchman's heart. The three were,
indeed, so blooming that the castle was
noted in the country round as the home of
,the fairest maids in Kent, while Bride and
Joan were known as the Roses of Lulling-
Squire Polhill had been married on a
Christmas Day, and he determined that the-
twentieth anniversary of his wedding should
be celebrated with especial splendor. A
goodly company were invited to attend ser-
vice in the quaint old church, and to be
present at a banquet in the great hall of the

castle afterward. Bride and Joan had longI
been engaged in embroidering dresses of sil-
ver brocade to be worn on the auspicious
occasion, and resolved that each should be
symbolic of Kentish produce-Lady Bridget's
robe being worked with apple-blossoms
and corn, while Bride's was to be wrought I
with the famous cherries, and Joan's with
the hops of Kent. Rumor gave out that
nothing so lovely as these festal robes had
been seen in the Valley of Castles ;" and
on Christmas Day the church was filled with
the Squire's guests and tenantry, anxious to
do him honor, and not without curiosity as
to the sight that should be presented in the
far-famed Squire's Pew."
The bells were still rinlging when Thomas
Polhill-than whom there could not be a
more loving or loyal husband-entered St.
Edith's Chapel, with his wife upon his arm,
and placed her by him in the central stalls.
Young Lancelot was on his father's right,
and in the West Stall, beside her stately
mother, sat the lovely Mistress Bride, the
crimson and silver of her dress setting off
her clear complexion and raven tresses.
Joan should, by right, have been on the dais
beneath, but this Bride's warm affection
would not permit, and cushions had been
so arranged that she stood almost even with
her niece at the outer angle of the stall, the
delicate green of her costume enhancing the
fairness of her face and the golden hue of
her hair.
Among those who had ridden over from
Cheveley to the service were two young men,
who had arrived as guests there the night
before. These were James and Charles Ver-
non, brothers, of an old and wealthy family,
holding office about the person of King
James, whose godsons, indeed, they were.
They had been seated by old Isaac in full
view of St. Edith's Chapel; and, though
careful to observe a seemly reverence, they
yet could not raise their eyes without be-
holding the loveliness of the Roses of Lul-
After service the strangers were fain to
remount their horses but the Squire would
not hear that any of gentle blood should
depart without tasting his hospitality, and
the brothers were nothing loth to find them-
selves in the great hall of the castle at the
Christmas feast.
Before the day was over each had sought
an opportunity of offering his homage; and
James had found favor in the eyes of Mis-
tress Bride, as Charles in those of Mistress

Before the' new year was in its second
month the brothers were the accepted suit-
ors of the Roses of Lullingham." Lady
Bridget and her husband gave their full ap-
proval, but stipulated that the weddings
should not take place till the next Christmas
Day, and the young men themselves re-
quested that the bridal dresses might be none
other than the robes of silver tissue, wrought
with the cherries and hops of Kent, in
which they had first beheld their betrothed.
But, long ere the summer was over, the
political horizon became overcast, and the
revolution, subsequently 'headed by the
Prince of Orange, loomed already in the
distance. For the first time a difference of
opinion arose between Sir Thomas and his
future sons-in-law. The Squire of Lulling-
ham hated Popery, and openly testified.his
hope that the Prince of Orange would save
the nation therefrom. The Vernons, on the
other hand, though members of the National
church, were yet naturally in favor of their
royal godfather. Matters reached a crisis
on ,the eve of the intended landing of the
Dutch Prince, when Sir Thomas, who had
equipped a small band of men at his own
expense, gave notice that he should march
into Devonshire at its head, and that before
departing he should expect Evensong to be
attended in St. Edith's Chapel by all the
members of his family.
In vain old Isaac Cloke besought his mas-
ter to remember that Evensong before
marching to battle had always betokened
disaster to his house. Sir Thomas was firm,
and made known, moreover, to Sir James.
and his brother that further continuance in
his favor depended on their presenting them-
selves on that occasion among the squires of
Lullingham, and afterward marching with
him into Devon.
The evening came. Around St. Edith's
chapel stood men-at-arms bearing lighted
torches, while, for the third time, seven war-
riors knelt armed upon the pavement. On
either side of the Squire's Pew the banners
of the house of Polhill drooped their rich
folds. There, too, was Lady Bridget, and by
her side the Roses of Lullingham," with
cheeks whose bloom was heightened by the
excitement of the hour. Evensong was
sung; the stately party withdrew in silence
at its close, and the chapel was left in dark-
More than an hour elapsed, and then a
single torch, lit as if by magic, appeared
above the altar in the chancel. The side
door communicating with the castle opened,
and Bride Polhill came forth clad in a dark

riding-habit, and leaning on the arm of
Mistress Joan. She was deadly pale, and
would have fallen had not Sir James Vernon
advanced from the shadow of a pew and
placed his strong arm around her. Out of
the vestry a priest glided noiselessly in his
surplice, and began reading the marriage
service. The deep voice of Sir James and
the faltering accents of his betrothed sounded
strangely in reply, and in a few moments
the young man bent proudly to kiss the
cheek of Lady Vernon."
The signing of the register 'by the dim
light of the single torch had hardly been ac-
complished when the cry of To horse !"
from the castle yard reached the ears of the
little group. Again the side door opened,
and, passing through it, the party hurried
along' a narrow corridor to a small entrance
which opened into the court. There the
trembling bride was lifted to a horse, and,
with an attendant, rode slowly forward,
while her husband remained behind to fall
into the Squire's train.
But as the moonlight shone clear and cold
into St. Edith's Chapel, two figures might
yet be discerned standing in the shadow.
You give me up, Joan," said Charles
Vernon's voice, reproachfully.
No," she replied, I do not give you up.
I promise,to be yours till death, but. I can-
not be ungrateful to my sister, and go forth
without her blessing."
"Yet you led her daughter to the altar,"
he retorted bitterly.
I did," she answered, but it was for herq
mother's sake no less than her's. How
could she have borne the shame of know-
ing that her child fled forth in the darkness
of the night unwed ?"
"And for her mother's sake the chaplain
married her, I suppose?" .he said, scorn-

No!" she replied. You know well,
Charles, that John Leonard hath been like
a brother to us ever since we were children.
He did it for Bride's sake, that she might
not be married by a Popish priest, as your
brother threatened. But do not part in an-
ger," she added, with pleading eyes. Come
back right soon to claim me."
I will, my darling," he replied. "I fly
now only because the house of Vernon must
never be divided. But I promise thee to
come back again and wed thee in this chap-
el." And, covering her pale cheek with
kisses, he hurried forth.
The mystery of Bride Polhill's stolen mar-
riage has been partly explained by the
words of Mistress Joan. A letter from King
James had determined his elder godson to
throw in his lot with the fugitive monarch,
and even to change his faith. Purposely
dissembling till after Evensong, he then, for
the first time, communicated his decision to
the astonished girl, and bade her choose be-
tween her duty to her parents and her vow
to her betrothed. The time for decision was
short, and to Bride's passionate love noth-
ing appeared so dreadful as the eternal sep-
aration foretold by her lover did she hesi-
tate. She fancied she might rely upon the
doting love of her father for an early recon-
ciliation, and even urged Joan to yield to
the entreaties of Charles Vernon and fly
with her. But nothing could shake Joan's
gentle steadfastness 6f her personal loyalty
to Lady Bridget, though she would not be-
tray her niece's confidence. And, foresee-
ing the shame and horror which would pos-
sess her parents if their daughter should
consent to what they would hold an unlaw-
ful marriage by a Popish priest, she even
joined her request to that of James Vernon
that John Leonard should wed them in St.
Edith's Chapel.
Lady Vernon was conveyed by a trusty
servant of her husband to a sequestered
spot near the road by which her father's
troops must pass. Here Sir James and his
brother joined her. The morning light be-
held them arrived at Feversham, and dis-
closed to the Squire the absence of the two
young men; in hot anger he disdained to
make inquiries or retrace his steps, and the
terrible truth was only made known to him
after his arrival at Torbay.
Meanwhile Joan had revealed all to her
sister, and Lady Bridget, though at first dis-
posed to reproach her, could not help being
thankful that the shame of a secret flight
before she was Lady Vernon had thus been
spared her daughter.
Both Joan and John Leonard had been
tacitly forgiven; but, contrary to Bride's
earnest hope, her father was never heard to
name her again. Rumor attributed this,
perhaps truly, to Lady Bridget's influence ;
but, however this might be, the White Rose
of Lullingham was from that day reckoned
in her father's castle as a withered flower,
and it was only the strong love of Winifred
Cloke, aided by her foster-sister, which pre-
served her memory from oblivion by the
Christmas garlands round the Western Stall.

Twenty years passed, and during that
time only two letters had been exchanged
between the fugitives and Lullingham. In
the first, Bride made known to Joan the
dreadful news that Charles Vernon had beeh
mortally wounded in the battle of the
Boyne, and that she and her husband had
resolved to accompany King James to
France. Joan acknowledged the tidings
with a trembling hand, but wrote that, even
in her desolation, she could yet thank God,
since henceforth the conflict between love
and duty was over, and every day would
but bring nearer the endless reunion with
her betrothed to which she looked.
After the King's death a report reached
the castle that Sir James could not agree
with the widowed Queen or her son, and
that, if possible, he desired to make his sub-
mission to Anne Stuart.. The hearts of Joan
and Winifred throbbed at this intelligence,
but it was not corroborated, although they
learned that the Vernons had indeed quitted
St. Germain's and gone to reside at an ob-
scure village on the Norman coast. Beyond
this noting transpired. Joan Prendergast,
lovely still, though her golden hair was
streaked with gray, was the only one of
their family left with the Knight and his
wife, their four sons being all absent--the
two elder married.
But now time brought round the fortieth
anniversary of Sir Thomas' marriage, and a
rumor spread through Lullingham that it
was to be celebrated by a festival which
should eclipse the former one. As Christmas
approached, the details of the all-important
ceremonial were gradually revealed to his
eager listeners by Isaac Cloke. As before,
a solemn service was to be performed, and
all Sir Thomas' children were to be present
in the Squire's Pew when the Creed was
said, if they valued their father's blessing,
or expected to be numbered among his
heirs. Deep curiosity was felt by the villag-
ers to know if the long-exiled daughter had
been included in the summons, but on this
point old Isaac either could not or would
not satisfy them, and they interpreted his
silence as an unfavorable omen.

Whjle the kind hands of Winifred Cloke
were "usy wreathing the Western Stall,
three travelers might have been seen on the
road to Lullingham. They had journeyed
from the coast, and a wagon, whose driver
had been heavily feed for the purpose, had
left them an hour previously at a small vil-
lage, where they hoped to have obtained
horses. But the owner of the only hostelry
in the place had neither vehicle nor animal
to put at their disposal, and, after waiting
only for a slight refreshment, they proceed-
ed on foot. Night, however, was rapidly
coming on, and the cold was intense; the
road was rough and dark, and soon the
party, which comprised a lady and gentle-
man and little girl, were forced to return,
chilled and weary, to the shelter of the little
inn, there to wait till morning. Before long
the lady became so ill that her walking fur-
ther, even after a night's rest, was evidently
impossible, and her companion watched
anxiously beside her until, somewhat re-
lieved, she fell toward morning into a trou-
bled slumber. When she awoke daylight
was streaming through the uncurtained win-
dow, and she would haverisen, but strength
failed her.
It is of no avail," she said. "I cannot
reach Lullingham in time. It is my only
chance of forgiveness, yet must I lose it after
crossing the sea to gain it?"
No,.mother," cried her child fervently ;
"you shall not lose it. I will go instead of
"Ah, but," replied her mother, "the letter
said expressly that Bride Vernon must stand

in the Western Stall when the Creed was
said, if she would win back her parent's
blessing. And I cannot get there. It is
"Mother !" exclaimed, the child, "I am
Bride Vernon too. I will stand in your
place in the West Stall and say the Creed.
My grandfather will never find it in his
heart to turn me away."
What sayest thou, mon ami ?" said Lady
Vernon-for she it was-turning her face to
the tall soldier, who had been known in the
Norman village as Colonel Vernon.
I think she may go," he answered, with
a glance of pride at the lovely child. It
would not do for me to enter the church,
but I can go with her to the door, and she.
must do the rest, like the brave maiden that
she is."
Yes!" cried the little girl, "you may
trust me. I know exactly where the Squire's
Pew is. I will go straight to it. And I will
wear the robe thou didst make for me of
thine own silver brocade," she continued;
" they will know then that I am truly Bride
Vernon. But who will tend thee if we both
go?" she added, sadly.
Mistress Thorpe will wait on me," re-
plied her mother. "I shall feel better once
I know ye are on your way."
Just then Mistress Thorpe entered to say
that Reuben Palmer's wife was going
through Lullingham .on her way to Sen-
nocke, and would gladly give Madame's lit-
tle daughter a place behind her. This was
good news. Little Bride was speedily
equipped, and lifted on Goody's pillion. The
Colonel walked at her side.
At first all went well ; but ere they had
got half-way the usually sure-footed Dobbin
slipped on a little frozen pool and fell heav-
ily. Bride was unhurt; but the horse had
rolled upon Goody Palmer, and her leg was
broken. Colonel Vernon raised her gently;
but the poor woman lay in a dead faint.
Our cause is lost," he said aloud to the
child. I cannot leave her."
"It shall not be lost?" she answered
bravely. Do thou return to the inn. I will
go on alone."
"Nay," said he, "not alone. Ill, might
betide thee."
God will guard me," she replied solemn-
ly. The church lies yonder. I shall reach
it safely."
Remonstrance was unavailing. The Col-
onel lifted the unconscious woman upon her
horse, and turned the bridle. With a fare-
well kiss the little girl set off; but it needed
all her brave spirit to keep her from losing
courage when she found that she san'k re-
peatedly in the heavy ruts. Snow began to
fall, and the bridle-path along which she
walked turned suddenly, as she could see,
into a high road, while the church lay away
in the fields some distance beyond her. Her
mother had warned her of the frozen
streams with which the pastures abounded;
and her excitement became intense when,
after climbing a stile and passing through the
first field, she was aware that the bells had
ceasedringing and that the chiiui clock (the
gift of good Queen Bess), was striking eleven
in the frosty air, She tried to run, and surely
good angels must have helped her, so swiftly,
notwithstanding her weariness, did she press
along, until, leaving the fields and passing
once more into a road, she was near enough to
hear the voices of the villagers as they sang
the Te Deum." The pause which followed
frightened her, for she "dreaded lest they.
might be repeating the Creed. Her breath
came fast; her heart beat so loudly that she
could'almost hear its throbs, as straining
every nerve she still sped on. Once more the
voices rose. Then as she gained the poich,
there was a sddden silence, and taking up a
stone she the heavy oaken door.
Here we must leave her, while, putting
back for an hour the hands of old Queen
Bess' clock, we stand with all Lullingham
to see the family, procession issue fromri the
castle, and pass along a boarded footway,
covered with red serge, and crossed at inter-
vals with arches of evergreen.
The grandchildren of Sir Thomas, ten in
number, walked first, the boys habited like
miniature men, in flowing wigs ,n1d gay
waistcoats, the girls in flowered brocade and
ruffles of point lace. Following their chil-
dren walked Lancelot Pochill and his wife,f}
Dame Alice; and Cuthbert with his wife,
Catherine; then came sweet Mistress Joan
between the two unmarried sons, Edward
and Hugh. And now the people strained
their eyes, hoping next to behold some fig-
ure bearing a resemblance to their own Mis-
tress Bride; but they looked in vain. Sir
Thomas and Lady Bridget brought up the
rear, their guests closed after them, and the
throng at a reverent distance followed.
St. Edith's Chapel was filled to overflow-
ing by the brilliant company, yet one place
was kept conspicuously vacant-the West
Stall, more richly garlanded than any other,
remained without an occupant, Mistress
Joan standing, as at the last festival,_at its
outer angle.
The jubilant strains of the old English
carol, "Nowell, Nowell!" rang through the
church, and then the readinglbf the service
began. The villagers could see that Mistress
Joan was weeping silently. Not, indeed,

with Lady, Bridget's sanction, but by.
Sir Thomas' direction, she had written the
letter of which Lady Vernon spoke inviting
her return, and, though no answer had come
back, she had fondly hoped till now that
the response would be given this day
in her niece's presence. Near her stood Sir
Thomas and his wife, the former flushed and
restless, the latter stern and cold as if she
would shut out the remembrance of her
daughter from her heart.
The morning, bright in its commencement,
had overclouded, and as the service pro-
ceeded snow began to fall! "Te Deum" was
sung, the reading of the Second*Les on fol-
lowed, and the choir burst forth nito the
hundredth Psalm. There was a moment's
pause befoi-e the Gloria" at its close, and
in that moment those who sat nearest the
north door became aware that some one was
knocking at it with a.persistent though
feeble hand.
As the last- strains ofthe "Gloria" died
away the knocking became louder and
louder, as if the suppliant gathered strength
from fear; and at length Isaac Cloke left his
seat, and amid a breathless silence strode
down the church and lifted the heavy latch.
The tones of an expostulating voice were
heard, and after a brief parley the old man
threw the door open and stepped aside. Not
only the rustic throng, but those in St.
Edith's Chapel bent forward, amid a hush
painful in its intensity, to gaze at the un-
looked-for worshiper, and lo! up the mid-
dle aisle there walked a little girl some eight
or nine years old. The scarlet cloak which
covered her was flecked with snow, and from
its hood curls of a rich dark brown fell on
each side of a childish face, and matched in


color the large wonderfully beautiful. eyes
which threw a frightened yet half daring
glance around. She looked inquiringly up
the church as if seeking some familiar ob-
ject; then. catching sight of the loftly pin-
nacles of the Squire s Pew, she hastened for-
ward, only pausing when she reached its en-
trance rail.
Dame Alice's youngest son, yielding to an
involuntary impulse, opened it before her,
and mounting the stone steps, she stood in
sight of all, before Sir Thomas and his wife.
The Knight seemed overcome with surprise,
and could not speak; but Lady Bridget,
summoning all her pride, asked, In a clear,
cold voice, Who art thou ?"'
Bride Vernon !" answered a sweet voice
and as the child spoke, she threw off her
scarlet cloak.
A dress of silver brocade appeared under-
neath, a little tarnished, but embroidered
with crimson and scarlet cherries of such
bright hues that they might only have been
worked yesterday. A silver chain hung
round the little neck, and from it was sus-
pended a locket containing a miniature of a
young girl with dark eyes and raven hair.
For a moment Lady Bridget lost her self-
command; then the stern look returned to
her face, and the child perceiving it fell on
her knees and turned imlloringly toward
Sir Thomas. The old Knight's hands trem-
bled as he stretched them forth to raise her ;
but before he could do so Mistress Joan had
-stepped from her cushion, and taking the
astonished child in her arms, she lifted her,
before the eyes of all, into the Western Stall.
At the same moment the recitation of the
Creed began.
The loud voices of the congregation seemed
to grow softer by common consent, that the
silvery tones of the child might be distin-
guished. With a slightly foreign accent, she
repeated it correctly to the end ; then kneel-
ing on her cushion, she joined in the Lord's
Prayer. As John Leonard uttered the peti-
tion* Forgive us our trespasses as we for-
give them who trespass against us," Joan
glanced up, and saw that the arm of Lady
Bridget had encircled her little grandchild,
and that they knelt together. At the close
of the service, the people crowded to seethe
return procession, and as Sir Thomas and
Lady Bridget came forth leading Bride's
child between them, there arose a ringing
shout. Snow fell thickly as they passed
again beneath the arches of evergreen ; but
no wintry air could chill the hearts which
had been melted and made warm by forgive.
ness, happiness and love.
Thy mother is pardoned in thee, darling
child !" said the old Knight, as he raised his
little granddaughter in his arms, and, kiss-
ing her tenderly, placed her beside him 'on
the dais. But the banquet, though ready,
was not served until the great old coach had
been got out and Mistress Joan, under the
escort of her youngest nephews, had set out
therein to bring back his long-lost child. At
the Christmas feast they learned from little
Bride that within the last few weeks her
mother was a widow.
Darkness had begun to fall, and the torch-
es were lit, before Lullingham bells, which
had been ringing all day, pealed forth a yet
louder peal as the stage coach passed again
under the old gateway of the castle. There
was a murmur of excitement in the hall,
and then Lady Vernon entered, leaning on
the arm of Joan, and threw herself at her
parents' feet, to be raised by them with tears
and benedictions.
But if, as her long black robes b tokened,
she was, indeed, a widow, who was it that
stood behind her, close to Mistress Joan, so
strangely like Sir James Vernon ?
Ah, Joan good faithful heart. Thy hour
of joy has come Charles Vernon' did not
perish of his wound, though after thy sad
words he would not break thy heart's meek
rest until he could return to wed thee. And
thy long years of patience shall be rewarded
That night Winifred Cloke ministered
again to the foster-sister whom she had loved
so faithfully, and Bride Vernon, with the
child who had won her pardon beside her,
lay down in the home of her fathers. All
was forgiven; but the error of her youth
had wrought its own chastisement; after
twenty years of exile her husband slept in
a foreign grave and might not share her joy.
But a Christmas tale should always end
right merrily; and once more I will ask my
readers to come with me to St. Edith's Chap-
el, where, while the New Year's bells ring
joy, the Squire's'Pew is filled again with a
goodly company, and at the altar kneels
sweet Joan Prendergast by the side of Sir
Charles Vernon.-Illustrated London News.



The First Louisiana Regiment of Volun-
teers, Colonel M. Nolan commanding, was
placed in position behind the old railroad
embankment in the last day's fight to hold
that position at all hazards, by command of
Stonewall himself, Our position was charged
several times by heavy columns of Federal
troops, but every time the enemy was re-
pulsed with heavy loss. Before the last and
-final charge was made there was a pause in
the great storm. During this silence it was
found that our men had but one round of
ammunition left. We had no time to send
to the rear for more or fresh troops to take
our place.
Every man felt that if the Federals should
again advance and should not be driven
back by our last round of ammunition the
work would have to be finished by the bay-
onet. General Jackson had ordered us to
hold our position, and when lie gave an or-
der it wi's invariably carried out. The si-
lence was at last broken, the Federal, line
advanced in perfect order, as if on dress pa-
rade, instead of as if marching on to death.
The line was permitted to advance until we
could read the expressions on any man's
face. The fatal word, ." Fire !" was given by
Colonel Nolan. Every gun was emptied by
both officers and men. Fix bayonets !"
was the order next heard. When the smoke
arose the line of Federals was- almost swept
away, with the exception of a gallant band,
who advanced and s:.iimr<.-' protection on the
opposite side of the embankment. Then
(sprang up a gallant son of Ireland, M,
O'Keefe, yelling: Boys, give them the
rocks." No sooner was this idea presented
than hundreds of these primitive missiles of
war were hurled over on the heads of the
forlorn' hope of Pope's army. Many were
killed and the rest escaped. Thus ended the
last charge made by the Federals at the
second battle of Manassas.-+Pjiiladelphia

$1,000 County Scrip




(Waldo Branch,)

In Effect November 13th, 1881.

Leave Fernandina....................... 9.00.a.m.
Leave Hart's Road..................... 9.45 a.m.
Leave Callahan......................... 10.45 a.m.
Leave Dutton............................. 11.12 a.m .
Leave Brandy Branch ................11.27 a.m.
A rrive Baldwin..........................11.47'a.m .
Leave Baldwin...........................11.50 a.m.
Leave Maxville.......................... 12.15 p.m .
Arrive Highland.........................12.35 p.m.
Leave Highland..........................12.36 p.m.
Leave Lawtey ............................ 12.55 p.m .
Leave -Temple's......................... 1.10 p.m.
Leave Starke ............................ 1.18 p.m .
Leave Thurston ........................ 1.30 p.m.
ArrIve W aldo .............................. 1.51 p.m .
Leave Waldo............................. 2.12 p.m.
Leave Gainesville...................... 3.05 p.m.
Leave Arredondo ....................... 3.23 p.m.
Leave Batton............................ 3.37 p.m .
Leave Archee............................ 3.55 p.m.
Leave Bronson ......................... 4.28 p.m.
Leave Otter Creek...................... 5.05 p.m.
Leave Rosewood....................... 5.40 p.m.
Arrive Cedar Key...................... 6.20 p.m.
Leave Cedar Key........................ 7.00 a.m.
Leave Rosewood........................ 7.37 a.m.
Leave Otter Creek........................ 8.10 a.m.
Leave Bronson................. ........... 8.50 a.m .
Leave Archer............................ 9.18 a.m .
Leave Batton ............................ 9.33 a.m.
Leave Arredondo ........................ 9.46 a.m.
Leave Gainesville.......................10.10 a.m.
Arrive Waldo.............................11.00 a.m.
Leave Waldo ...........................11.10 a.m.
Leave Thurston..........................11.32 a.m.
Leave Starke.............................11.45 a.m .
Leave Temple's.'........................ 11.52 a.m.
Leave Lawtey ............................. 12.13 p.m .
Arrive Highland.........................12.30 p.m.
Leave Highland ...........................12.36 p.m.
Leave Maxville ..........................12.58 p.m.,
Arrive Baldwin......................... 1.22 p.m.
Leave Baldwin .......................... 1.40 p.m.
Leave Brandy Branch.................. 2.00 p.m.
Leave Dutton ........................... 2.15 p.m.
Leave Callahan......................... 2.50 p.nm.
Leave Hart's Road..................... 3.40 p.m.
Arrive Fernandina ............. ..... 4.15 p.m.
Trains daily, except Sunday.


Leave Waldo Junction..................
Leave Dixie................................
Leave Hawthorne ................. .....
Leave Lochloosa.........................
Leave Orange Lake....................
Leave Anthony Place.................
Leave Silver Spring.................
Arrive Ocala...............................

2.15 p.m.
2.40 p.m.
3.05 p.m.
3.25 p.m.
3.50 p.m.
4.20 p.m.
4.55 p.m.
5.20 p.m.


Leave Ocala................................
Leave Silver Spring....................
Leave Anthony Place.................
Leave Orange Lake ....................
Leave Lochloosa.................... .....

7.45 a.m.
8.15 a.m.
8.46 a.m.
9.17 a.m.
9.45 a.m.

Leave Hawthorne....................... 10.08 a.m.
Leave Dixie................................ 10.32 a.m .
Arrive Waldo Junction...... ..........11.00 a.m.
Trains daily, except Sunday.

Leave Fernandina......11.10 a.m. & 5.30 p.m.
Leave Hart's Road......11.41 a.m. & 6.20 p.m.
Arrive Jacksonville.... 12.50 p.m. & 7.35 p.m.
Leave Jacksonv'ille...... 8.30 a.m. & 3.10 p.m.
Leave Hart's Road.......9.45 a.m. & 4.13 p.m.
Arrive Fernandina .....10.25 a.m. & 4.50 p.m.
Double Trains daily except Sunday.
Leave Fernandina................... 5.00 p.m.
Arrive Jacksonville................ 6.35 p.m.
Leave Jacksonville................. 9.00 a.m.
Arrive Fernandina........................10.35 a.m.


With New York and Fernandina Steam-
ship Line from New York on Tuesday, at 9
a.m., 11.10 a.m., or 5.30 p.m.; and for New
York on Thursday, at 10.25 a.m., 4.15 p.m.,
or 4.50 p.m.
With Georgia and Florida Inland Steam-
boat Company from Savannah daily except
Monday; for Savannah daily except Sunday.
With the Steamer Martha from St. Mary's
River Landings on Wednesday and Friday ;
for St. Mary's River Landings on Sunday
and Wednesday.
To and from Savannah and Charleston at.
10.45 a. m. and 2.20 p. m.
To and from Tallahassee at 12.00 noon
and 1.00 p. m.
To and from Palatka at 10.08 a.m. and 3.05
With the Silver Spring & Leesburg Steam
boat Company's Steamers, for Leesburg and
Ocklawaha Landings, Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday afternoon; from Leesburg and
Ocklawaha Landings, Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday morning.
With Stage Line to and from Brooksville
and Tampa daily except Sunday.
With Morgan's Line of Steamers for New
Orleans on Friday; from New Orleans on
Saturday; from Havana and Key West on
Friday; for Key West and Havana on Sat-
With Florida & Havana Mail Steamship
Company's Steamers for Key West on Mon-
day and Thursday; for Tampa on Monday
and Friday.
. For information respecting routes, rates,
etc., apply to
Gen'l Ticket and Pass. Agent.
iD. E. MAXWELL, Gen'l Supt. 21


Via Waycross Short Line.

On and after Sunday, Nov. 6, 1881, Pass-
enger Trains will run over the Waycross
Short Line as follows:

A -

Fast Mail.

Jacksonville..... 9.00 a. m.
Jacksonville.... 7.00 p. m.
Callahan........ 9.44 a. m.
at Waycross ....11.57 a. m.
at Jesup........ 1.20 p. m.
at Brunswick.. 6.00 p. m.
Savannah........ 3.40 p. m.
Charleston...... 9.10 p. m.
Augusta.........10.30 p. m.
Macon.......... 7.50 p. m.
Atlanta......... 3.50 a. m.

Arrive ilo ntgoniery...
Arrive Washington.... 9.30 p. m.
Arrive Baltimore.......12.25 p. nim.
Arrive New York (limited exp'ss
Arrive P.R.R. 6.45 a. m.
Arrive St. Louis.........
Arrive Chicago...........

5.50 p. nm.
8.00 a. nm.
7.07 p. m.
9.38 p. m.
11.40 p. m.
5.30 a. in.
2.35 a. m.
9.05 a. m.
4.45 p. m.
7.00 a. inm.
12.50 p. nm.
8.00 p. m.
9.10 a. m.
12.05 a. In.
3.59 p. m.
5.20 p. m.
7.00 p. m.
7.00 p. m.

To Savannah....................... 6:40
To New York......................145:45
To, Washington ................... 36:30
To Chicago.............................. 49
To St. Louis.............................. 49


--- Jacksonville to Savannah.

Jacksonville to Charleston.
.Jacksonville to Macon.
"- Jacksonville to Montgom'y.
Jacksonville to Washington.
Only one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Montgomery and New
Orleans take the evening train.
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad
take the train at Callahan.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pen-,
sacola & Mobile Railroad either take train
at Live Oak, leaving 2 p.m. and arriving at
Savannah at 2.35 a.m., or train at Jackson-
ville leaving at 9 a.m. and arriving at Savan-
nah at 3:40 p.m.
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for
New York, Philadelphia, Boston and Balti-
Connecting at Charleston with steamers
for New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
' Through Tickets sold to all points by rail
and steamship connections, and Baggage
checked through. Also Sleeping-Car Berths
and sections secured at Company's Office in
Astor's building, 84 Bay street, Jacksonville,.
and at Depot Ticket Office.
Ticket Agent.

GEO. W. HAINES, Agent.


JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Sept. 12, 1881.
Commencing this date, trains on this road
will run as follows:

Leave Jacksonville.....11:05 a. m.
Leave White House...11:37 "
Arrive Baldwin......... 11-55 "
Leave Baldwin..........
Leave Darbyville........
Leave Sanderson ........
Leave Olustee............
Leave Mt. Carrie.........
Arrive Lake City........
Arrive Live Oak.........
Arrive Tallahassee......
Arrive Chattahoochee.

Arrive Gainesville......
Arrive Cedar Key.......
Arrive Ocala .............

Arrive Jacksonville..
Arrive White HOus(
Arrive Baldwin........
Leave Baldwin........
Arrive Darbyville.....
Arrive Sanderson.....
Arrive Olustee..........
Arrive Mt. Carrie.....
Leave Lake City.......

River and Ocean Steamboats.


9:10 p. m.
9:45 "

12:08 a


2:45 a. nm.
8:00 "
12:25 p. In.

3:22 p. in.
7:00 "

2:00 p. m.
5:55 "

6.50 a. m.
6:18 "

1:10 "
.. 5:25 "
4:40 "
3:54 "
3:30 "
3:30 "

Leave Live Oak.......... 1:00 p. m.
Leave Tallahassee....... 6:30 "
Leave Chattahoochee:. 2:30 "
Leave Gainesville........ 9:35 a. m.
Leave Cedar Key........ 5.30 "
Leave Ocala ............... 5:45 "
Mail train connects at Jacksonville with
the Savannah, Florida & Western Railroad,
and at Lake City with the Jacksonville, Pen-
sacola & Mobile Railroad for Chattahoochee
and intermediate stations.
Passenger train connects at Baldwin for
and from all points on the Florida Transit
or Peninsular Railroads.
Master Transp'n.
W. M. DAVIDSON, Superintendent.

0 OF7,A\ L. 1-.

i a {f e "


On and'after Monday, May 2, 1881, Trains
on this road will run daily as follows:
Leave Lake City..........12.30 p.m.
Leave Welborn............ 1.20 p.m.
Leave Houston............ 1.38 p.m.

Arrive Live Oak.......... 2.00 p.m.
Leave Live Oak......... 2.30 p.m.
Leave Custer............. 2.48 p.m.
Leave Ellaville.......... 3.30 p.m.
Leave Madison.......... 4.45 p.m.
Leave Greenville......... 5.45 p.m.
Leave Aucilla............. 6.10 p.m.
Leave Drifton ............. 6.40 p.m.
Leave Monticello....... 5.50 p.m.
Leave Lloyd's........... 7.15 p.m.
Leave Chaires'.......... 7.40 p.m.
A M-1- -- -- 0 "M /.-

Arrive Tallanassee......
Leave Tallahasse.........
Leave Midway............

8.2o p.m.
8.50 p.m.
9.39 p.m.

Leave Quincy..............10.28 p.m.
Leave Mt. Pleasant......11.04 p.m.
Arrive Chatta. River ..11.50 p.m.

(Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.)

Leave Tallahassee........................ 9.00 a.m.
Arrive St. Marks.......................... 10.35 a.m.

Leave Chatta. River..... 4.30 a.m.
Leave Chattahoochee... 4.39 a.m.
Leave Mt. Pleasant.....1 5.15 a.m.
Leave Quincy.............. 5.52 a.m.
Leave Midway.......... 6.41 a.m.

Arrive Tallahassee.......
Leave Tallahassee........

7.30 a.m.
8.00 a.m.

Leave Chaires'............. 8.43 a.m.
Leave Lloyd's............. 9.08 a.m.
Leave Monticello ......... 9.00 a.m.
Leave Drifton............ 9.45 a.m.
Leave Aucilla...............10.10 a.m.
Leave Greenville.........10.35 a.m.
Leave Madison ............11.40 a.m.
Leave Ellaville ............12.55 p.m... 6.30 a.m.

Leave Custer.............. 1.22 p.m.
Arrive Live Oak........ 1.40 p.m.
Leave Live Oak......... 2.10 p.m.

Leave Houston............. 2.32 p.m.
Leave Welborn.......... 3.00 p.m.

Arrive Lake City......... 3.45 p.m.

(Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.)
Leave St. Marks...........................12.05 a.m.
Leave Wakulla....... ............12.30 a.m.,
Arrive Tallahassee...................... 1.40 p.m.


. Both East and West bound trains meet at
Live Oak and connect with 2:45 train on Sa-
vannah, Florida & Western Railroad for
Savannah and Albany.
Passengers for Chattahoochee River Boats
connect with steamer Rebecca Everingham
every Thursday for \palachicola, Fla., and
every Saturday for Columbus, Ga., and Eu-
faula, Ala.
Connects with steamer G. Gunby Jordan
every Sunday for Apalachicola, Fla., and
every Tuesday for Columbus, and Eufaula
Connects at Lake City with trains on the
Florida, Central Railroad for Jacksonville
and St. Johns River, Fernandina and Cedar
General Passenger Agent.



~L~l~l~m ;ia-l~ ac~~ ~P"~%~B$ V.

25 Whitehall St., Atlanta, Ga.

Every lady should examine into the mer-
its of the quiet, light-running "HOUSEHOLD"
before purchasing a Sewing Machine.
Rufflers, Hemmers, Tuckers, Tuck Folders,
Lace and Fan Attachments; Otis' Plait-
ers; Young's, Andrews', and Magic
Plaiters; Tracing Wheels, Tape
Measures, Machine Belts,
Bias Cutters; Wheeler & Wilson
Glasses, Brush Pads, Bobbins, and
Wrenches; Shuttles, Bobbins, Needles,
Thread Cutters, Check and Feed Springs, etc.
k-PAgent for E. Butterick &d Co's
Patterns and Publications. Send your ad-
dress for Catalogues and Metropolitan Fash-
ion Sheets-free.
42-6m 81 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.

OR EXCHANGE for improved city prop-
on this Island; fifteen acres under cultiva-
tion. For information, apply to
37 Mansion House.

Instruction in Latin, Greek, French, Ger-
man, the higher mathematics and the Eng-
lish branches will be given to those desiring
it, either privately or in classes, any evening
in the week. Terms moderate. References
Those wishing further information will
please address W J. THOMAS,
Fernandina, Fla.


Will leave Cedar Key




Cedar Key, Fla.





W ILL leave Fernandina for Jacksonville
and Palatka, and intermediate land-
ings on the St. John's River, and Savannah
and Charleston, as follows:
From Fernandina
From Fernandirra
Close connection made with steamers for
Mellonville and Enterprise, also with steam-
ers for Ocklawaha River; also at Savannah
with steamers for New York, Philadelphia,
Boston and Baltimore,and at Charleston with
steamers for New York, Philadelphia, Balti-
more, and with Northeastern & South Carlo-
lina Railroads for routes North, East and
Through Tickets and Staterooms secured
and all information furnished at office, cor-
ner Centre and Second streets.
20-1y C. A. NOYES.

For Tamipa and Key West,
T AMPA Steianmsahijp CO'S ILINEa.-


ONE of the staunch arid elegant Steamern
of the above Line will leave CedarKev
every Monday at 4:00 p. m., for
Tampa, Manatee,

And Braidentowin,

and every Monday and Thursday at, 4:00
p. m. for
Punta Rassa and Key West.

Connections made at Cedar Key with tht
Florida Transit Railroad from and to all
.points North and West; at Punta Rassa with
Steamer for Fort Myers, Fort Ogden, and
Pine Level.
"Through Tickets are on sale at Fernan-
di'na, Jacksonville, Gainesville, and Cedai
Key, at greatly reduced rates, for all princi-
pal points on the Gulf Coast.
J. M. GALPHIN,, Gen'l Ag't,
13 Cedar Key, Fla.





The Flora leaves Fernandina for St.Marv'!
River landings every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday-returning on Tuesday, Thurs-
day and Saturday.
The Martha'leaves. Fernandina -for samn-
points every Tuesday, Thursday and Satur-
day-returning every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday.

Through Bills of Lading

by MALLORY'S LINE of Steamers to al)
points on the St. Mary's.

Close Connection

made with the New York, Charleston and
Savannah Steamers.


for Passengers. Excursionists and Tourist,
will find this a very attractive trip, as th(
scenery is grand, and alligators and othe'
game are abundant.
-_X Either of the above Steamers can be
chartered for excursion parties at any time
For further information apply to
25v2 12v3 Fernandina, Fla

__ __

L I I ___







I .




SA TURDA Y, JA LNUAR Y 14, 1881.

All who apologize for the high taxation
place the onus on'the old county debts. With
the exception of the counties owing railroad
bonds, (only three of which have hitherto
collected taxes to pay their indebtedness,)
this has not been the cause of heavy county
taxes so much as the inconsiderate and loose
management of county affairs, incurring
debt, payable in scrip, at a large increase
over the cash prices.
It cannot be too often, or too strenuously
asserted that the most certain way to di-
minish high taxation is by a decrease in ex-
penditures. There are always influences at
work to promote expenditures of the peo-
ple's money-towns to be beautified, axes to
be ground, money to be expended. The
positive benefit to the parties interested cre-
ates a pressure on legislatures and county
commissioners to incur debt, while.the in-
terest of the tax-payer is not present to
counteract it.
The increase of taxable property may as-
sist in lowering taxes by diminishing the
pro rata on property, but where the State,
county and city tax in a community aggre-
gates, as it does in Fernandina, Jacksonville
and Gainesville, over three per cent., the
relief of one mill is a small, although wel-
come one.
We need a radical change of our financial
system, which will redress abuses and com-
pel economy in the administration of pub-
lic affairs.
We invite the attention of our thoughtful
readers to the history of the attempt at Con-
stitutional Amendments given elsewhere.
A very large proportion of the State press
favor constitutional revision. The question
now, is not so much whether there shall be
a revision, but how it can be best accom-
plished. We think the advocates of a Con-
stitutional Convention are not hot-headed or
revolutionary clamorous for changes, but
thoughtful, patriotic men, seeking to further
the best interest of the State by a wise, calm
and dispassionate amendment of our su-
preme law.

Court met at 10 o'clock, Judge Thomas
Settle presiding.
On application made by members of the
bar and many leading citizens in the districts
in question, Judge Settle made an order re-
districting the Northern Judicial District of
Florida into three sections, all for the better
and more expedient convenience of the pub-
lic therein ; to-wit:
It is ordered that the counties of Escam-
bia, Santa Rosa, Walton, Holmes and Wash-
ington shall constitute the Western Division
of the Northern District of Florida ; and the
counties of Jackson, Calhoun, Liberty,
Franklin, Gadsden, Leon, Wakulla, Jeffer-
son, Madison, Taylor and Lafayette shall
constitute the Middle Division of said dis-
trict; and the counties of Hamilton, Suwan-
nee, Columbia, Baker, Bradford, Alachua,
Levy, Marion, Sumter,Putnam, Clay, Duval,
Nassau, St. Johns, Volusia, Orange, Brevard
and Dade, and any part of said district not
in any of the above counties shall constitute
the Eastern Division of said district.
It is further ordered, that hereafter all
misdemeanors, or other criminal offences,
cognizable by the District or Circuit Court
of the United States for said district, which
may be committed in any of the counties
constituting the said Western Division, shall
be made returnable to a term of the court to
be held at Pensacola, and all misdemeanors,
or other criminal offences, which may be
committed in any of the counties constitut-
ing the said Middle Division, shall be made
returnable to a term held at Tallahassee, and
those which may be committed in any of the
counties constituting the said Eastern Divi-
sion shall be made returnable to a term to
be held at Jacksonville.
It is further ordered, that each Clerk and
Commissioner of either.of said Courts shall
be furnished by the Clerk at Jacksonville
with a copy of this order, and that the said
Commissioners act according thereto in re-
cognizing persons charged with crimes and
misdemeanors, and in returning papers.
Done and ordered in open court January
6th, A. D. 1882.

The cause of Charles P. Greenough, of the
estate of F. Vose vs. the Trustees of the In-
ternal Fund of Florida, et al. In this mat-
ter it is ordered that Arthur D. Basnett, Esq,,
be appointed a Master to take testimony on
the issues in controversy, arid that said mas-
ter report the testimony so taken by him to
the court at earliest date.
Next the cause of the United States vs.
James C. Gardner and Edwin A. Castellow-
Indictment for violation of the election laws,
This cause was again called and went to the
jury and the jury retired, and had not
brought in a verdict at midnight. It was
ordered by the Court that the Marshal fur-
nish the jury with their subsistence while
confined in this case.
The United States vs. Porter and Denham
-Charged with violation of the election laws
in Jefferson county. Hon. S. Pasco. attor-
ney for defendants, moved the Court for a
continuance of this case. Motion was
The United States vs. Elias Padgett,
charged with violation of his duty as a regis-
tration officer in Duval county. The cause
came on to be heard before a jury. The fol-
lowing witnesses gave testimony on behalf
of the United States : Captain T. E. Buck-
man and Hon. Horatio Bisbee, and others.
The evidence for the prosecution was not all
taken at the hour of adjournment, so it was
ordered that the case be called this morning.
Stickney and Meek, attorneys for United
States, and Cockrell & Walker attorneys for'
The next case to be called will probably
be that of Julius A. Carlisle, Clerk of the
Circuit Court of Alachua county, and one of
the members of Canvassing Bgard of that
county.-Florida Times.

The People of the State of Florida, repre-
sented in Senate and Assenmbly, do remove as fol-
lows : SECTION 1. That it is the determina-
tion of this Legislature that it is necessary to
cause a revision of the Constitution of the
State of Florida ; that this determination be
entered upon tle respective journals of the
two houses of this Legislature, with the yeas
and nays, and that the same be referred to
the Legislature next hereafter to be chosen,
and shall be published in atleastthree news-
papers of this State for three months before
the time for choosing the next Legislature.
Approved March 7, 1881.
The vote in the House was 41 ayes, 20
nays; in the Senate 20 ayes, 4 nays.
Section 2 of Article XVII is as follows :
SEc. 2. If at any time the Legislature, by
a vote of a majority of all the members elect-
ed to each of the two houses, shall deter-
mine that it is necessary to cause a revision
of this entire Constitution, such determina-
tion shall be entered upon their respective
journals, with the ayes and nays thereon,
and referred to the Legislature then next to
be chosen, and shall be published for three
months next preceding the time of making
such choice. And if, in the Legislature next
chosen aforesaid, such proposed revision
shall be agreed to by a majority of all the
members elected to each house, then it shall
be the duty of the Legislature to recom-
mend to the electors of the next election for
members of the Legislature to vote for or
against a convention ; and if it shall appear
that a majority of the electors, voting at
such election, shall have voted in favor of
calling a convention, the Legislature shall,
at its next session, provide by law for a con-
vention, to be holden within six months
after the passage of such law, and such con-
vention shall consist of a number of mem-
* bers not less than both branches of the Leg-
islature. In determining what is a majority
of the electors voting at such election, ref-
erence shall be had to the highest number
of votes cast at such election for the candi-
dates for any office or [on] any question.
The lame and impotent conclusion to
which the Legislature arrived after a session
of sixty days, at a cost of one thousand dol-
lars per day, was that they were in favor of
revision, and that if the Legislature to meet
in 1883 was in favor of a revision, the peo-
ple could in 1884 be permitted to vote for or
against a convention; that the Legislature
which is to meet in 1885, should the people
vote for a convention, would then be bound
to provide for calling a convention within
six months after the passage of such law.
So that no relief is attainable until 1886, un-
less the people in their sovereign capacity
hold an election.
There could hardly have been invented a
more circuitous and repressive scheme for
preventing constitutional revision than that
embodied in the Constitution of 1868,
which the Legislature of 1881 resolved is
not in accord with the wishes of the people.
If the Union and th e Times can see in this
history 'of the action of the Legislature of
1881 any encouragement, to hope for legisla-
tive revision, their faith must be un-
A well arranged express system, as it ex-
ists at the North, is a great public conveni-
ence. A badly arranged system, such as
generally prevails at the South, is, although
a public convenience, a very badly regulated
The express matter for Florida is divided
between two companies, the Adams Express
and the Southern Express, which is South-
ern only in name. Express charges between
New York and Florida are, on ordinary
packages, at the rate of from 10 to 20 cents
per pound. The time taken is greater than by
the Mallory Line, or the steamship lines via
Savannah or Charleston. Oranges se'lt by ex-
press have been delivered from Florida in
Baltimore or New York in about seven days.
The only feature of express about it is in the
nante. It is not uncommon to see an ex-
press car on our railroads filled with fish
packed in ice and dripping brine, with oyst-
ers, fresh meat and oranges, all together, in
a filthy condition.
The local agents of the Express Company
are, as a rule, polite and obliging, and the
messengers on the trains are faithful, ac-
commodating and industrious. The criti-
cism we make is upon the company, which,

undertaking to do an express business, does
it in a slovenly, slow and inefficient man-
ner, although exacting enormous charges
for supposed service.
It would be t.o the public interest if the
so-called Southern Express Company was
merged in the Adams or American Express
Company. At all events there is abundant
ground for improvement. It is a. monopoly
without other competition than the mails
and the dispatch lines, and needs the health-
ful influence of competition.

The tax-payers of the country will be glad
to learn that the State tax, by direction of
the Governor, will be reduced one mill.
The Governrior explains why it was appar-
ently necessary to impose the tax of eight
mills; but we regret that -he should not
have embraced the opportunity of referring
to the extravagant action of the Legislature
voting themselves six dollars a day and
mileage, with an army of clerks at five and
six dollars per day, swelling the cost of the
session to one thousand dollars per day.
Had the Legislature shown any regard for
the tax-payers, it would have enabled the
State tax to have been reduced to six mills.
It is true, as the Governor says, that the
heaviest burden comes from the county tax.
The Legislatire has, hitherto, failed to arrest.
this excessive burden.

In a very able editorial, entitled South-
ern Views," which appears in its issue of
January 2, the Boston Herald (which is not
only one of the most enterprising, but*one
of the fairest-minded journals in the coun-
try,) discusses the Southern question at con-
siderable length, replying to certain stric-
tures upon its views that had been made by
the Chattanooga Times and the Nashville
American. It endorses fully the latter's sug-
gestion that it is of essential importance to
all Americans for the Southern people to
feel that their progress is but new growth
upon a civilization which has existed for
more than a century," and remarks that
" the South has needed to be nationalized,
not necessarily Northernized, in her spirit.
The American citizen's pride, like his alle-
giance, should be first and paramount for
the nation. And one of the most gratify-
ing signs of the times has been the gradual
giving way at the South, for the past few
years, of the old insular sectionalism and
the revival of the true American spirit,
which is proud of our progress, boastful of
our institutions, and sensitive to our just
rights, because these are all a part of the
glory and the charge of the nation."
But, it adds : The people of the North,
too, have learned that the spirit of a broad
nationalism requires them to respect the
distinctive and characteristic traits of their
brothers at the South, which are no longer
antagonistic to the Union or to liberty. A
great many of our people have been slow
to apprehend all that is involved in the uni-
versal boast that this is a great country.'
There was, in the first years after the war,
an idea at the North that the Southern peo-
ple must be Yankeefied by much the same
process that Shylock was made a Christian.'
The stalwarts of those days likewise insist-
ed that the 'conquered rebels' should ac-
cept the Republican platform as a sort of
seventeenth amendment to the Constitu-
tion, and not dare to have any views of
their own as to the privileges of the states or
the jurisdiction of the general government.
All that is pretty well past now. Both sides
have lived and learned. The South has been
slowly taught the necessity and the safety
of toleration, while the North.has learned
patience and charity. The Northern spirit
of thrift, enterprise, and activity has per-
vaded the new labor system which our
neighbors have organized under difficulties
which we were slow in recognizing. But the
new South is simply a fresh growth from a
sound root. The war should have taught
us that the old stock was not deficient in
any of the qualities of American manhood.
With the incubus of slavery removed, and,
sufficient time given in which to recover
from the losses of the war, and readjust
themselves to the new conditions imposed
by its results, the white race at the South
was sure to carve out for itself a new and
greater prosperity. The disappearance of
sectional animosities, the spread of liberal
ideas, and the general desire to give to in-
dustrial progress and material development
the place so long held by .the profession of
politics, is certainly a happy conjunction of
circumstances. The old South is a thing of
the past as a political entity. In three years
more a Bourbon. will no longer exist, except
as an object of interest to the undertaker."
Florida Daily Times.

It is reported at Washington that Presi-
dent Arthur, in order to relieve himself of
pressure and shift the responsibility from
his own shoulders, has adopted certain fixed
rules to govern the appointment of Federal
officers in the several states. These rules
are said to be as follows :, Every office with-
in the limits of a Congressional district is to
be filled upon the recommendation of that
district's Republican Representative in the
lower House of Congress. That is, the office
belongs to the Congressman. But -where
the exercise of the duties of the office ex-
tends beyond the limits of a single Congres-
sional district-such as marshalships, dis-
trict-attorneyships, land offices, internal rev-
enue and custom-house collectorships, they
are to be filled on the recommendation of
Republican Senators from that State. In
other words, the places belong to the Sena-
It is said that the President has adopted
this mode of making appointments for two
reasons. First, it is assumed, that Senators
and Representatives know" best what fit men
there are, in their states or districts, for the
offices to be filled, and what their constitu-
ents want. They should, therefore, desig-
nate the men to be appointed and bear the
responsibility. Second, the President Will
be relieved, the pressure of the office-seekers
being transferred from the President to the
Senators and Representatives.
But has not the President made a mis-

take? The Constitution says that appoint-
ments are to be made by the executive, and
in no case does it lodge this power in the
legislature, or in anybody connected with
it. .Senators may confirm and reject certain
nominations after they are made, but have
no right to say what those nominations shall
be. In defence of this President Garfield's
life was made the offering. Such a mode of
appointment is a relapse into the Spoils Sys-
tem. Members of Congress may know the
persons best ,fitted for office, but they will,
in nine cases out of ten, recommend the per-
sons best fitted to do political wdrk for the
party in general, and for the respective mem-
bers of Congress in particular. And office-
seekers will pester the President just the
same to convince him why he should indi-
cate to members of Congress his wishes in
their favor, or why he should overrule them
if they recommended somebody else. The
President may adopt the rule that the offices
belong to members of Congress, but the re-
sponsibility will continue where the Consti-
tution places it-on the shoulders of the
It will be well for the President to advise
with Congressmen in his appointments, but
wisdom will be shown if he keeps one ear
open to the voice of practical, good sense
business men living in the vicinage of the
office to be filled, if they should ask to be
heard. It is to be hoped that the report
about the rules adopted to govern appoint-
ments is not true. They are not in harmo-
ny with the President's best utterances in
his letter'of acceptance, or in his message,
or with the present public sentiment. We
have made too much progress away from
the Spoils System to. relapse back into it.-
New Jersey Fredonian. ,

before the time fixed for adjournment, the
joint committee of the two Houses reported
certain amendments to the Constitution to
be so acted on by the Legislature as to sub-
mit the question of their adoption or rejec-
tion to the people of the State. These were:
To amend Section 16, Article V.-" The
Governor of the State shall be assisted by a
Cabinet of officers consisting of a Comptrol-
ler, Treasurer, Attorney-General, Commis-
sioner of Lands and Immigration and-Secre-
tary of State, who shall also be Superinten-
dent of Public Instruction. Such officers to
be appointed by the Governor," etc.
Section 1, Article VII, the entire article
abrogated; and Section 7, Article VII, pre-
scribing duties of Adjutant-General abro-
Section 3, Article XI, amended so as to
place the Adjutant-General, amongjthe un-
salaried militia officers.
The effect of these amendments was to
dispense with the Adjutant-General and
Superintendent of Public Instruction as
Cabinet officers with a salary.
That Section 3, Article VI, be amended to
read, There shall be a Supreme Court to
consist of a Chief Justice and two Associate
Justices, who shall hold their office for eight
years, to be appointed by the Governor and
confirmed by the Senate." This changes the
provision of the present Constitution which
provides that the Justices of the Supreme
Court "shall hold their offices for life or
during good behavior."
Section 3, Article VIII, providing for Su-
perintendent of Public Instruction, to be
Section 9, Article VIII, amended so as to
make the Secretary of State, Attorney-Gen-
eral and Treasurer a Board of Education.
Section 1, Article XIV, on suffrage and eli-
gibility, amended by adding the proviso:
"Provided, Such elector has paid his capita-
tion tax of one dollar for the year next pre-
ceding that in which such an election is
Section 17, Article IV, to be amended by
omitting from the powers prohibited to the
Legislature of passing special or local laws
"regulating the jurisdiction and duties of
any class of officers;" regulating theprac-
tice of courts of justice ;" summoning and
empaneling grand and petit juries, and pro-
viding for their compensation;" "regulat-
ing county townships and municipal busi-
ness; regulating .the election of county
townships and municipal officers," and
"regulating the fees of officers."
Section 18, Article IV, which provides
that "in all cases enumerated in section 17,
and in all other cases where a general law
can be made applicable, all laws shall be
general and of uniform operation through-
out the State," to be abrogated.
Section 3, Article XVI, to be amended by
adding at the end of the list of counties
composing the seven circuits the following :
Provided, That the Legislature shall, at all
times, have the power to change the bound-
aries of said circuits, and to take from one
circuit and place in another any or all of'
said counties, or any new county that may
be formed out of the same."
On the 2d of March the Senate proceeded
to vote on these amendments, and adopted
all except the fourth, changing the tenure
of Justices of the Supreme Court, on which
the vote was 16 yeas, 10 nays, two-thirds not
voting for it.
A further amendment, reported by the
joint committee, was submitted, amending
Section 18, Article V, to read as follows :
There shall be in each county of this State
a sheriff, clerk of the circuit court,'tax as-
sessor, collector of revenue, county treasu-
rer, county surveyor, coroner, and five coun-
ty commissioners, who shall be elected by
the qualified electors of each county. They
shall be commissioned by the Governor and
hold their offices for two years from date of
their commission, etc. None of the above
offices to be filled by elections until general
election of 1884, and then every two years
The proposed amendment was agreed to
by a vote of 24 ayes, 4 nays.
A further amendment, dropping so much

of Section 17, Article VI, as provides for
the appointment of county officers by the
Governor, was adopted by a vote of ayes 26,
nays 0.
It thus appears that two-thirds of the Sen-
ate were favorable to all the amendments
proposed except that limiting the tenure of
office of the Supreme Court Judges, and
were unanimous in omitting that clause of
the present Constitution giving the appoint-
ment of county officers to the Governor.
The action of the Senate on these amend-
ments having been submitted to the House
on the 4th of March a few minutes before
the final adjournment, it was moved to take
up the seventh, eighth and ninth proposed
On the seventh amendment the ayes were
41, nays 5.. There not being a two-thirds vote
of all the members elected to the Assembly
the resolution failed. The ninth amendment
was taken up and was passed; ayes 56,
nays 0.
The Legislature immediately adjourned.
The whole fruit of the attempts made to
amend the Constitution resulted in the pas-
sage of the following resolution :
Concurrent Resolution Relating to the Calling of
a Convention to Revise the Constitution.
WHEREAS, The present Constitution of
this State is not in accord with the wishes of
ht -peonple therefore.

The Floricla Times after enumerating the
points, made by the Alachua Advocate, as
requiring the action of a convention, says :
Nearly all of these are desirable objects,
but the questionn which at once suggests it-
self is whether the most urgent of them can-
not be accomplished by the ordinary legisla-
tive inethods. What the Legislature has
done, the Legislature can undo ; and there
is no doubt whatever that if our Legislature
were so minded it could very materially re-
duce the expenses and thus reduce taxation.
If the Legislature cannot be depended upon
to do this, what guarantee have we that a
Constitutional Convention, which would be
largely composed of the same men, would
dorit? And what guarantee have we that
such a convention would not do a great deal
more than it was convened to do ?
It was a saying of the famous Lord Ers-
kine that the Almighty himself didn't know
what would be the decision of a petty jury ;
and certainly no human sagacity can fore-
see what will be the outcome of a Constitu-
tional Convention resulting from a vague
discontent and brought together by semi-
revolutionary methods.
Replying to the first portion of these re-
marks, we will briefly review the action of
the Legislature of 1881 upon the subject of
amendments to the Constitution.
That Legislature met on the 4th day of
January,1881. On the 2d of Febrnary,a month
afterward, and when the session was half
through, several amendments were present-
ed in the House of Assembly, viz :
Section 3 of Article XVI-A proviso au-
thorizing the Legislature to change or reduce
the number of judicial circuits.
To Section 6,Article VII, devolving duties
of Superintendent of Public Instruction on
Secretary of State. To Section 3,Article VIII,
to same purpose.
To Section 9, Article VIII, constituting
Secretary of State, Attorney-General and
Governor a Board of Education.
To Section 18, Article V, abolishing office
of Superintendent of Common Schools and
devolving duties on the Board of County
To Section 16, Article V, making Cabinet
of State officers to consist of Secretary of
State, Attorney-General, Comptroller, Treas-
urer, Surveyor-General, Attorney-General
and Commissioner of Immigration. The
Secretary of State to perform duties of Su-
perintendent of Public Instruction.
To Section 1, Article XIV, adding proviso
to qualified electors the payment of a poll
tax. ..
To Section 18, Article V, providing for
election by the people of all the county
officers. Also a joint resolution with amend-
ments as follows :
1. Abrogating office of Lieutenant-Gover-
nor and providing for the duties being per-
formed by President of the Senate.
2. Abrogating office of Adjutant-General
as a member of the Cabinet.
3. Abrogating office of Superintendent of
Public Instruction.
4. Adding proviso to qualification of elec-
tors that when offering to vote, voter should
present his tax receipt in full payment of
his tax for the preceding year.
Also, amendment to Section 1, Article
XIV, omitting the clause or who shall
have declared his intention to become a citi-
On the 7th of February, further amend-
ments. To amend Section 16, Article V,
limiting the Cabinet officers to Secretary of
State, Attorney-General, Comptroller, Treas-
urer and Commissioner of Immigration;
such officers to be elected by the people.
On the 11th of February, joint resolution
presented to amend Section 7, Article VI,
providing for five Circuit Judges only and
five judicial circuits, at salaries of $2,500
Also, to amend Section 3, Article VI,
changing the tenure of office of the Judges
of the Supreme Court so'that they should
hold their offices for eight .years only ; the
tenure of office of the oldest commissioned
judge to expire at the time of the ratifica-
tion of the amendment, the next in two

years, and thee next in four years. The
judges to be elected by the Legislature and
salaries to be $2,500.
On the 21st of February a resolution was
passed, directing the Judiciary'Committee of
S the House to report a bill providing for the
I calling of a convention to amend the Con-
k!. stitution. On the 23d of February the com-
S mittee reported saying they were at a loss to
;' carry out the instructions of the House and
S asking to be discharged from further consid-
ation of the subject.
On the same day a resolution was intro-
duced declaring "thatitisthe determination
of the Legislature that a revision of the Con-
stitution is necessary." ,
On the. 28th of February the Secretary of
the Senate transmitted a bill which had
passed that body by a vote of 16 to 9 to be
entitled An act to provide for an election to
enable the people of Florida to declare
whether they will meet in convention to re-
vise the existing Constitution, to elect dele-,
gates thereto, to fix the time and place of
such convention, and the compensation of
its delegates and officials, and also fora sub-
sequent election to ratify or reject such re-
vised Constitution."


--- 1.T--!, J--------~,

On the first day of March, only four days


5 -tt,
". 5-tF < : "'>

New Advertiseements.

CLOSING 0UT! .....


Wholesale and Jobbing Houses.

FLOUR/. M ...



Sir Edward Reed to state, that, in so far as
his influence goes, and that of his friends, it
.will be exerted in favor of increasing the
public accommodation-by running the vari-
ous main lines of the Statein the best possi-:
ble relationship, with through carriages and
tickets, and other conveniences, wherever a
due regard to the business success pf the
roads will allow. Nothing will be done or
sanctioned, which has for its object anything
other than business success and public
convenience, arid as it is in that spiriit that
the roads will hereafter be.-managed, Sir
Edward Reed does not doubt that the
public of-the State of Florida will regard the
new developments, which are in contempla-
tion,.with patience and confidence, and in
the meantime, disregard all rumors that con-
flict with these objects; and. Sir Edwaird
Reed is able to say that the views above ex-,
pressed, as to the future management of the
roads, are heartily sympathized with by all'
those who are now engaged in providing for
such consolidations, as may be found desira-
ble.- Union.. *

To the Editor of the Mirror:
The warm and enlightened advocacy which
yourjournal has ever extended to the above
project, must plead my excuse for asking a
place in your columns at a time fraught
with interest in the history of that under-
taking, my object being at once, and for-
ever, to correct a very grave error into which,
it seems, certain parties have recently fallen,
when speaking of the canal surveyed and
route recommended to the Senate by our
distinguished countryman, General Q. A.
Gillmore, as being possibly located in any
other portion of the peninsula of Florida
than that so distinctly designated by the
Senate in their instructions to him, and as
distinctly set forth, surveyed and reported
upon by him to them.
SIn your issue of the 17th ult. a report ap-
pears of a series of preambles and resolutions,
prepared by a Mr. R. A. Sanders, of Virginia,
which were submitted to the National Cotton
Planters' Convention held at Atlanta, and
approved by them. With the great mass of
/ those resolutions, all the statistics gathered
in favor of a water line of transportation,
and the copious extracts from sundry docu-
ments, some official and others not, tending
to prove its desirability, I have nothing to
say (as in the main they appear correct),
but I have, most seriously, to join issue
with any attempt to apply those statistics to
any scheme other than the one for which they
were originally prepared with unceasing care,
seal, and earnest devotion.
As you, and doubtless many of your read-
ers, are aware, the internal line of water
transportation from the Mississippi to the
Atlantic seaboard was, of late years, revived
and advocated by the late Colonel Raiford.
Unfortunately he did not 'live to see the
fruit of his labors take practical shape in
the resolution passed by the Senate in the
year 1878, when that body issued instruc-
tions "for an examination to be made of
the peninsula of Florida, with a view to the
construction of a ship canal from the St.
Marys river to the Gulf of Mexico." (I quote
from the official documents before me.)
Quoting the above caption verbatim et lit-
eratim, we have General Q. A. Gillmore's
Report to the Senate, (dated April, 1880,) ex-
tending over some 38 pages, all devoted to
the review of the route proposed, and the
probable cost-first of a ship canal, and ,
again of a barge canal, but both located,
clearly and distinctly, in the locality indi-
cated, viz.; "The best water line of trans-,
portatifo between the' mouth :of the* St.
M1rys river and the Gulf of Mexico !" If the
gentleman referred to had access to these
documents, orFpossessed the necessary geo-
graphical qualifications for rightly appreciat-
S ing the objects to 'be obtained, it seems in-
conceivable how he could have fallen into
the error apparent in the conclusion of his
tentlh resolution, when he says, "and it (i. e.
the canal) will .greatly promote the drainage
of the literdial prve tansofFlorida !"
To attain any of the objects sought after
in bringing the great traffic of the Mississip-
pi- alley and its tril:utaries to a safe port
on the Atlantic seaboard, it wa's ninnifestly
S desirable to locate the canal as far north of
latitude 30 as circumstances would admit,
il "and accordingly all the projectors of this
*flq route, from General Bertrahd down to Gan-
eral Gillmore, selected a line nearly identi-
cal, viz.: from St. Marksor thereabl)iut, on
the Gulf, to St.1Marys, on the Atlantic; but.
none, of these gentlemen, all distinguished*
engineers (and I have had the'pleasure of
the: acquaintance of two of them), ever.
dreamt for a moment of draining Lake Okee-
chobee by a cail from the Cadoosahatch ie oh the
:west, a(d another to the Atlantic on the east, in
a latitude south of 27, or 300 niiles south of
St. Marks. Yet this is what is stated in the
quotation.referred to. ~. '

When advocating this grand internal im-
provement. (" the junction of the Missiesippi
and the Atlantic," as it has been happily
called), let the public clearly understand
what was always contemplated by its advo-
cates, and recommended by one of the most

distinguished engineers in the Union, viz: a
i magnificent internal water route, by which an
--enormous advantage would result to the
foreign and domestic trade of our country,
placed in the best- geographical position to
attain that result, and wholly unconnected
with the drainage of any body of lands,
which were at. the time ,of those surveys the
property of the State subject to certain hos-
tile claims, and which are now the property
of an enterprising capitalist and his associ-
F ates.
- As individuals, no doubt., we all wish the
spirited speculators who purchased the four
S, million acres of the Internal Improvement
Lands of Florida every success, but it is
utterly preposterous to drag a great national
(I had almost written international) under-
taking down to the level of a "main" drainage
scheme for their special benefit and delecta-
In conclusion, let us all hope that the in-
terest awakened ifi this matter by the meet-
ings of the various chambers of commerce,
and -other commercial associations in this
country ..and Europe, will bear good fruit.
during the present session of Congress, and
that the eloquence and industry of our
Southern Representatives will be honorably
associated with such enlightened -indfar-

seeing statesmen as the Senator from Minne-
sota (the Hon. William Windom), the con-
sistent and powftful advocate for cheap
transportation as thegreatpreventive of bane-
ful monopolies, in obtaining from Congress
the modest appropriation-not exceeding
ten millions)-all that is required for the con-
struction of a barge canal, capable of conduct-
ing the largest commerce of the most remark-
able section on the face of God's earth, by the
easiest and cheapest mode of transit known
to man, to where (in the words of one of the
reports of the European corporations, anx-
ious to construct this canal on the lines
recommended and located by Generial Gillmore)
" neither ice nor snow, fogs nor storms, mar
the prospects of the merchant or the navi-
gator, but ports easy of access and open, in
a delicious climate, all the year round, in-
vite the largest commerce in the world-
winter and summer alike." A. R. E.
Savannah, Ga., December 30, 1881.

you are very poor; how will you support
her ?" The young man replied, That's all
right, don't worry on that point; I have a
friend, and he has just secured me a con-
tract to put in a new stopper and chain for
one of the washbowls in the new custom-
house. Think of that !" All right," said
the old gentleman, take her and be hap-
py," and they shortly after were dwelling in
a brown-stone front. So with this Florida
Central Railroad. Let it be but rumored
that any attorney had been seen to tie a
piece of red tape about a paper' marked
Florida Central Railroad vs. etc.," and his
credit was unlimited. The case has appeared
in all sorts of phases in the State courts,
passed through the United States courts,
and was finally tried before the highest tri-
bunal of the land, the United States Su-
preme Court, where the road was ordered to
be sold. But again appeared litigants and
offered new and specious pleas asking the
sale to be delayed, and again were heard ar-
'guments and rejoinders, sur-rejoinders and
protests, and all the legal verbiage of the
usual order, and the sale was postponed-
several times postponed. But at last a time
has come when all pleas and prayers, peti-
tions and proofs, asking for another post-
ponement-Heaven only knows just what
for-have been without avail, and the sale
has been made.
Night before last, as has been stated, the
United States Court, Judge Settle presiding,
patiently sat until near midnight to hear
the argument for one more postponenTfent,
and finally rendered his decision, based on
a knowledge of all the facts of. this great
case; for he has patiently sat and listened to
all the exhaustive arguments that shrewd
legal minds could invent for years, and de-
clared the end had come, and the road
should be sold. Shortly before 12 o'clock
,yesterday a crowd began to assemble in
front of the post-office, and it was noticeable
that among the throng were many of our
leading citizens, and many prominent and
distinguished visitors front' abroad..
At promptly 12 o'clock Hon. S. Conant
and Dr. A. B. Hawkins, masters of the sale,
the latter of Tallahassee, took their places
on the steps of the hallway of the post-
office, and after taking a his watch,
Mr. Conant announced that the sale of the
Florida Central 'Railroad would then and
there take place, and proceeded to read the
decrees of the courts and the several post-
ponements. The crowd about him was
dense, and. among the numtiber were men
prepared to bid big figures." These gen-
tlemen and Hon. Wayne M N'eagdh, theirat-
torney and adviser, were the ol.bjects of deep
interest to the greater portiori of the assem-
bled throng. After Mr. Conant had finished
reading' the order of sale, Hon. George P.
Raney, Attorney-General of the State,.
stepped forward, and read: a legal notice in
behalf of the Trustees of .the Internal Im-
provement Fund as to the sinking fund of
the Florida, Atlantic & Gulf Central Rail-
road Company's bonds. Then Mr. Walker,
of the law firm of Cockrell &. Walker,
stepped forward, and read a document in
behalf of the claims of their client, Spencer
Trask, which was as follows: To Sherman ,
Conant and Alexander B. Hawkins, Re-
ceivers and Commissioners appointed to sell
the Florida Central Railroadhand all others
whom it may concern :: Spencer Trask, of
the State of New York, doing business at
No. 79 Broadway, New York City, informs
you, and requires you to take notice, that he
claims to have a lien upon tlhe Florida Cen-
tral Railroad by virtue of his ownership of
192 bonds of the State of Florida of the
same class, and standing in the same rela-
tion to the said railroad as the bonds upon
which this decree, in this same cause, was
reduced. All persons buying said road Will
take notice of the lien thus claimed, and
that they wilt purchase subject to it., Mayor
Dzialynski, as auctioneer, stepped up arid
called out, How much am I offered fir the
Florida Central Railroad, gentlemen ?" .In-,
stantlya profound, silence prevailed, when
Dr. Wertheim, of and in the interest ts of the'

Dutch bondholders of Amsterdam, replied
$394,760. "You hear th bid, gentiIen,"
said the auctioneer; "I am bid the sum of
$394,760. Do I hear anyy more offered?"
"I bid $395,000," came a reply. '.'Three
hufidred and ninety-five thousand dollarsis
bid, gentlemen., )Do I hea any more ,of-
fered?" All was silent, and the auctioneer
called out his once, twice, three times, and
sold for $395,000." Who is there bider"
asked the auctioneer, and the distinguished
bidder, stepped forward and replied. Sir
Edward J, Reed." And the sale of theFlor-
ida Central was closed. The purchaser and
the several intimately interested parties of
the sale then adjourned to the office of Clerk
Walter, ofthe United States'Courts, and pro-
ceeded to make the transfers of papers, doc-
uments and considerations for value, re-
ceived. The.. following document, filed on
the records in the office of the clerk 'of the
court, explains itself:
J. Fred. Schutte, etal. vs. The Florida Cen-
tral Railroad Cbmpany,`et5al.,
SThe defendants, and all others interested
therein, will take notice of .the filing of the
.report of the masters of t.he sale of the rail-
road property of defendant corporation,
named thi dahy, made and filed in the office
of the clerk of this court, and that the same
W ill be moved for confirmation on Tuesday,
the 16th inst. ;
6, D. "W rLLARD,
January 6For Complainants.
January 6, 1882.

It is learned that the purchaser paid down
the entire amount bid, $395,000, in a draft
on New York for $1,960 cash, the-balance in
bonds of the State of Florida, which were
issued years ago to aid th6 construction of
the road.-Florida Daily Tmes. .


JACKSONVILLE, January 7th, 1882.
Sir Edward J. Reed presents his compli-
ments to the editor, and begs leave to request
him to be good enough to state in his next
issue that there is no truth whatever in the
rumor that the different consolidated boards
of the Florida railways, with which he is
connected, have been arranged, and the
officers thereof appointed.
As regards the Florida Central and Jack-
sonville, Pensacola & Mobile Railroads, the
question of their consolidation, which will
probably take place shortly, is now uhder
consideration,. but so far as the board of
managers of the united roads is concerned,
all that at present can be stated with truth
-and authority, is that by the desire of all
parties concerned. Sir Edward Reed has con-,
sented to become the president., No other
directors and no officers whatever of the
united companies have been appointed, and"
as every man of business must be aware, the
consolidation of the roads requires both
careful consideration and some little time,
measured, at least, by weeks.
As regards the Transit road, the Peninsular
and Tropical roads, the same remarks apply.
Their consolidation -into a single system is
contemplated, and is under careful consider-
tion, and will be pressed forward as much as,
it is found possible, but up to the present
moment, the constitution of the three com-
panies remains separate. In this case also,
Sir Edward Reed is eventually to become the
chairman of the combined roads, and all
statements as to the composition of the fu-
ture board of the united roads and of the
officers who will be employed by the board,
are premature and unauthorized.
It is perfectly true that the,board of .the
Florida Central road (which road has now
passed for a time, into the hands of Sir Ed-
ward Reed only), and the boards of the Tran-
sit, Peninsula and Tropical Roads have eachr
been lately considerably modified, but modi- .
fications affect in each case the organization
of the individual road only, ana have little
or nothing to do with any future boards
which may be formed for the management
of the woads when they are consolidated.
It. may be interesting and even useful for


To the Editor of the Mirror :
WASHINGTON, January 7, 1882. ,
The holidays are over. The national bunt-
ing has again been run up at both ends of
the Capitol, announcing the presence of the
House and Senate in Congress assembled.-
Postmaster-General James has formally re-
signed, and the new Postmaster-General,
Howe, has been duly installed at the head
of the largest postal department on the
planet. The most noted, and, owing to its
cause and its episodes, the most repulsive
trial in modern times is rapidly nearing its
close. The social world at the capital is
abroad on the boulevard, or at home in the
drawing-roomni, alert, irrepressible, diaboli-
'cally gay, and aesthetically wicked. Until
within the last five days we have had the
balmy winter climate of South Carolina;
but the new year brings a temperature and
snow-fall that has set the oldest inhabitant
The House met on Thursday, and, after a
brief session, adjourned till Monday; but
the session, brief as it was, was sufficiently
long for Mr. Orth, of Indiana, to express his
protest and his indignation at being ignored
in the formation of important committees.
This is the beginning ; the Forty-Seventh
Congress will not hear the end of the very
general dissatisfaction with Speaker Keif-
er's committee mechanism. For the last
ten or fifteen years. -there has been a feeling
among legislators that the system of nam-
ing the personnel of committees by the
Speaker concentrated too much power in
the hands of one man., So long, however,
as the Speaker followed the rule of recogniz-
ing, as far as possible, the leaders of the
House, and placing them on important
committees, there had been no emphatic
protest;, but now comes Speaker Keifer, ig-
noring all precedents, and nearly all the
recognized leaders, causing great dissatisfac-
tionil in,both rank and file, and in both par-
ties. Mr. Springer, of Illinois, will, in a few
days, offer a resolution, setting forth that
unknown and inexperienced men have been
assigned to important committees, while
older members, arid those familiar with leg-
islation and the rules of the House, haven't
only been gagged by being placed on unim-
portant committees, but thatthey have been
removed from important committees where
they have long served, and that their effici-
enc6y as legislators has been conspicuously
and wantonly impaired ; that the action of
thesSpeaker is not so mituch a personal af-
front as it is a wrong to their constituents.
and to the country, whose interests demand
the best ability and most mature experience,
or, in-. other words, that tools shall not be
given to bunglers, but to those who can use
them. The feeling of dissatisfaction among
members is, by no means, confined to Mr.'
Orth, or to Demniocrats. It is shared by the
friends of Mr. Orth and of Mr. Kasson, and
is prevalent among the' Western, the East-
ern, the Southern, ,the New England, and
the New York delegations. It needs no'
prophet to predict that, with this intense
feeling existing, the Forty-Seventh Congress
will not be a dove cote, or the Speaker's
chair a bed of roses.
Central Railroad is sold. After long delays
and years of tedious litigation that has
added thousands of dollars to the-bank ac-
counts of lawyers, and created volumes of,
legal lore, the end has come, The full and
accurate history of the lawsuits about this
property would make a large book, and after
reading it one would be in a state of hitter
ignorance on many points, for even the law-
yers disagree about the principal ones. Each
side (and there have been two or three in-
terests disagreeing among themselves on
each side) will prove to anyone a state'of

things so entirely different from the other,
that it would be a vain and useless task to
unravel it. Sufficient to say, it has been a
long and beautiful lawsuit. During the
Tweed dynasty in New York city a story
was told that a young man asked an old
merchant, for the hand of his daughter in
marriage. But," said the old, gentleman,

Neither the captain nor consigniees of the
British Steamship Volo will be responsible
for any debts contracted by the crew.
W.,LAWTEY, C,:*i'nee.-
Fernaiidina, FFla., January 7, 1882. 7-2



4 *

'A lady to teach music ,'on the organ, and
to teach Enilihh studies also" in a small
school near King's Ferry., -
Inquire of' G. A. MALLETTE,
S.... King's Ferry', Fla.

January 7, 1882-3t.

I will be at the Printing Office of the Fer-
nandina Express, daily from 9 a.m. to 3p.m.,,.
during January, for the purpose of receiving
the State and County Taxes assessed in Na:- .
sau County for 1881. After January 31st my1
books will be closed, and .all property on.
which the taxes remain unpaid will be ad-
vertised and sold.. .
W F. OTr'T,
Collector Revenue, Nassau County.
Fernandiina, Fla., December 31, 1881.

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Drugs,' Medicines,, Fancy Goods,
Chemical Fertilizers, Etc.,
No. 75 W. Bay s.t., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
,.,; We sell at Savanlnah prices.
_?-d Send for quotations. .42-5ply


: *- .. .', .' ... ... .TS '*''*,3

e .. reet* 2 -.1

Second Street, F]P IK .,

' ..*. ', .'- .-' .n*,'.'t .'.:,-tiff^ ''.^ s H

. 6. .1

I .,

/ .'< .



At the VERY LOWEST Prices,

, ,. ..*. *'.

S .. -, '.
*' ^ ... ',' ; *, .. ; u -;: .,r** a '''; '
,, ,' .' .

1'. .* .' ../ *; ', [- ., ,' *', ':;.
.. ** ; .. ;- "* "* '1f ^ .

.- '. .. '' ': -- .: "v:




Assessor of Taxes-Thomas Barco, Cotto0 0 1
Collector of Revenue-Frederick N. Foy,
Superintendent of Schools-H.. C. Martin,
Fort McCoy.
County Judge-Chas. S. Baron, Key West.
Clerk-Peter T. Knight, Key West.
Sheriff-George A. Demerritt, Key West.
Assessor of Taxes--Walter C. Maloney, Jr.,
Key West.
Collector of Revetnue--Walter C. Maloney,
Jr., Key West.
Superintendent ofSchools--J. V. Harris, Key
County Judge---Hinton J. Baker, Fernan-
Clerk-J. A. Edwards, Fernandina.
Sher!jf--Peter Cone, Fernandina.
Assessor of Taxes-Win. H. Garland, Fer-
Collector of Revenue-Warren F. Scott, Fer-
Superintendent of Schools-W. A. Mahoney,
County Judge-R. L. Summerlin, Orlando.
Clerk-J. P. Hughey, Orlando.
Sherift-Thomas W. Shine, Fort Reid.
Assessor of Taxes-James M. Owens, Fort
Reid, Fla.
Collector of Revenue-Richard H. Marks,
San ford.
Superintendent of Schools-John T. Beeks,
Fort Reid.
Judge of Probate-B. Harrison, Palatka.
Olerk-W. F. Forward, Palatka.
Sherif--Thonmas Shally.
Assessor-S. E. Timmons.
Collector of Revenue-Joseph Price.
Superintendent of Public Schools--J. W.
County Judge-WV. H. Parker, Perry.
Sherif--Thomas Osteen, Perry.
Clerk-John C. Calhoun, Perry.
Superintendent of Schools-T. J. Franklin,
County Treasurer-D. S. Sutton, Perry.
County Surveyor-D. N. Cox, Perry.
Collector of Revenue-J. B. Hardee, Perry.
Assessor of Taxes-S. H. Peacock, Perry.

Stoves and Tinware.

County Judge-R. D. Davis, Sanderson.
Clerk-F. J. Pons, Sanderson.
Sheriff-U. C. Herndon, Sanderson.
Assessor of Taxes-George P. Canova, San-
Collector of Revenue-Fleming B. Smith,
Superintendent of Schools-A. J. W. Cobb,
County Judge-J. R. Richard, Providence.
Clerk--Henry F. York, Lake Butler.
Sheriff-W. W. Tumblin, Starke.
Assessor of Taxes-N. C. Wainwright, Lake
Collector of lRevenue-Bunberry Haynes,
Santa Fe.
Superintendent of Schools-L. B. Rhodes,
County Judge-Janmes A. McCrory, City
Clerk-A. A. Stewart, Titusville.
Assessor of Taxes-Walilace R. Moses, (Geor-
Collector of Revenue-A. D. Johnston, Or-
lando, Orange county.
Superintendent of Schools-A. Grady, La
County Judge-J. T. Copeland, Orange
Clerk-O. A. Buddington, Green Coye
S.7,,,;rf--James W. DeWitt, Green Cove
Assessor of Taxes-Wmn. Conway, Kingsley.
Collector of Revenue-Wm. S. Plummer,
Superintendent of Schools-M. F. Geiger,
County Judge-W. M. Ives, Jr., Lake City.
Clerk-John Vinzant, Jr., Lake City.
Sheriff-J. W. Perry, Lake City.
Assessor of Taxes-L. W. Rivers, Lake City.
Collector of Taxes-J. L. Parish, Lake City.
Superintendent of Schools-JuliusPotsdamer,
Lake City.
'County Judge-William A. McLean, Jack-
Clerk-Thomas E. Buckman, Jacksonville.
Sheriff-Uriah Bowden, Jacksonville.
Assessor of Taxes-A. J. Preyatt, Jackson-
Collector of Revenue-Moses J. Brown,
Superintendent of Schools-Albert J. Rus-
sell Jacksonville.
County Judge-Henry J. Stewart, Jasper.,
Clerk-J. Caldwell, Jasper.
Sheriff-James M. Duncan, Jasper.
Assessor of Taxes-J. R. Hunter, Ancrum.
Collector of Revenue-W. H. H. McLeod,
Columbia County.
Superintendent of Schools-Joshua H. Rob-
erts, Ancrum.
County Judge-W. L. Frierson, Brooks-
Clerk-J. C. Law, Brooksville.
Sheriff-J. B. Mickler, Brooksville.
Assessor of Taxes-Frank E.Saxon, Brooks-
Collector of Revenue-F. M. Townsend,
Superintendent of Schools-D. H. Thrasher,
Fort Dade.
County Judge-H. L. Crane, Tampa.
Clerk-Wm. C. Brown, Tampa.
Sheriff-D. Isaac Craft, Tampa.
Assessor of Taxes-S. E. Sparkman, Tampa.
Collector of Revenue-W. F. Buns, Tampa.
Superintendent of Schools-W.P. Henderson
County Judge-J. B. Christie, Monticello.
Sheriff-T. B. Simkins, Monticello.
Clerk-W. C. Bird, Monticello.
Superintendent of Schools-W. R. Taylor,
County Treasurer-W. M. Girardeau, Mon-
Collector of Revenue-Joseph Palmer, Mon-
Assessor of Taxes-J. P. Grantham, Wan-
County Judge-W. J. Dixon, New Troy.
Sheriff--Thomas J. Walker, New Troy.
Clerk-Howell Hawkins, New Troy.
Superintendent of Schools----J.C.Ramsey, New
County Treasurer-J. M. N. Peacock, New
Collector of Revenue-Newton Sapp, New
Assessor of Taxes-A. S. Ackley, New Troy.
County Judge-Wm. P. Byrd, Tallahassee.
Shzeriff--A. Moseley, Tallahassee.
Clerk-C. A. Bryan, Tallahassee.
Superintendent of Schools-Henry N. Felkel,

Treasurer-J. L. Demilly, Tallahassee.
Collector of Revenue-C. C. Pearce, Talla-
Assessor of Taxes--G. A. Croome, Tallahas-
County Judge-W. H. Sebring, Bronson;
Clerk-J. M. Barco, Bronson.
Sheriff-J. S. Parker, Bronson.
Assessor of Taxes-Louis Appell, Bronson.
Collector of Revenue-J. Ira Gore, Cedar
Superintendent of Schools-J. B. Menden-
hall, Bronson.
County Judge-R. M. Witherspoon, Madi-
Sheriff--S. M. Hankins, Madison.
Clerk-John M. Beggs, Madison
Superintendent of Schools-E. S. Tyner,
County Treasurer-S. S. Smith, Madison.
Collector of Revenue--M. H. Warring, Mad-
Assessor of Taxes-B. D. Wadsworth, Mad-
County Judge-Z. T. Crawford, Manatee.
Clerk-Robert S. Griffith, Manatee.
Sheriff-A. S. Watson, Pine Level.
Assessor of Taxes-S. J. Tyler, Bradentown
Collector of Revenue-Marion G. Carlton,
Superintendent of Schools--Felix J. Seward,
Pine Level.
County Judge-Samuel F. Marshal, Ocala.
Clerk-Robert Bullock, Ocala.
Sheriff-A. B. Crutchfield, Ocala.



S @



-1 -1I



County Judge-M. R. Cooper, St. Augus-
Clerk-Bartolo F. Oliveros, St. Augustine.
Sheriff-Ramon Hernandez, St. Augustine
Assessor of Taxes-David L. Dunham, St.
Collector of Revenue-Joseph F. Llambias,
St. Augustine.
S.', ';,,. ',ih,,It of Schools-C. F. Perpall,
St. Augustine.
County Judge-Henry S. Cassidy, Leesburg,
Clerk-Thomas J. Ivey, Leesburg.
Sheriff-J. S. Dyches, Leesburg.
Assessor of Taxes-G. P. Wall, Webster.
Collector of Revenue-J. R. G. Hamilton,
Superintendent of Schools-A. C. Clarke,
County Judge-M. M. Blackburn, Live
Clerk-Robert A. Reid, Live Oak.
Sheriff-John R. Sessions, Live Oak.
Assessor of Taxes-W. H. Sessions, Wel-
Collector of Revenue-Robert F. Allison,
Live Oak.
Superintendent of Schools-J. O. C. Jones,,
Live Oak.
County Judge-James H. Chandler, Enter-
Clerk-John W. Dickins, Enterprise.
Sheriff-W. A. Cone, Enterprise.
Assessor of Taxes-John Anderson, Enter-
Collector of Revenue-John B. Jordan, De-
Superintendent of Schools-A. Cranshaw,
County Judge-W. A. Giles, Crawfordville.
Sheriff-W. H. Walker, Crawfordville.
Clerk-Nat. R. Walker, Crawfordville.
Superintendent of Schools-W. T. Duval,
County Treasurer-W. W. Walker, Craw-
Collector of Revenue-W. H. Walker, Craw-
Assessor of Taxes-C. R. Reynolds, Craw-

1 1-

--,,.,,ll r h


To and from Steamers and Trains.
p-Office and Stable-First Street, near
Broom Street Wharf. 49-tf


Second Street, opposite the Post-Office,

A large stock of Stoves on hand. Give me
a call, and compare my price? with those of
other houses, here or elsewhci.

side the Staie.

Orders for either will receive prompt attention from us. Address






United States Officers.
Riegtster-L. A. Barnes, Gainesville.
Receiver-John F. Rollins, Gainesville.
Surveyor-General-Malachi Martin, Talla-
Judge-Thomas Settle, Jacksonville.
Marshal-J. H. Durkee, Jacksonville.
Clerk-Philip Walter, Jacksonville.
Collector-Dennis Eagan, Jacksonville.
John W. Howell, Fernandina.
Edward Hopkins, Jacksonville.
John F. House, St. Augustine.
J. M: Currie, Cedar Key.

State Officers.
Governor-Wmin. D. Bloxham, Tallahasse.
Lieutenant-Governor-Livingston W. Beth-
el, Key West.
Secretary of State-John L. Crawford, Tal-
Comptroller-W. D. Barnes, Tallahassee.
Treasurer-Henry A. L'Engle, Tallahassee.
Attorney-General-George P. Raney, Talla-
Commissioner of Lands-Hugh A. Corley.
Superintendent of Public Instruction-E. K.
Foster, Tallahassee.
Adjutant-General-J.E. Yonge, Tallahassee
Commissioner-A. A. Robinson, Tallahas-
Clerk-R. C. Long, Tallahassee.
Special Agents-Samuel Fairbanks, Astor
Building, Jacksonville; D. S. Place, Waldo.
Chief Justice--E. M. Randall, Jacksonville.
Associate Justice-J. Westcott, jr., Tallahas-
Associate Justice-R. B. Van Valkenburgh,
Clerck-C. H. Foster, Tallahassee.
First Circuit-Augustus E. Maxwell, Pen-
Second Circuit-David S. Walker, Tallahas-
Third Circuit-E. J. Vann, Madison.
Fourth Circuit-James M. Baker, Jackson-
S Fifth Circuit-James B. Dawkins, Gaines-
Sixth Circuit-H. L. Mitchell, Tampa.
Seventh Circuit-W. Archer Cocke, Sanford

Court Calendar.
Fall Term-
Santa Rosa, 2d Monday in October.
Walton, 4th Monday in October.
Holmes, 2d Wednesday after 4th Monday
in October.
Washington, 2d Monday after 4th Monday
in October.
Jackson, 3d Monday after 4th Monday in
Escambia, 1st Monday in December.
This act amended section 2 of act of Feb-
ruary 10, 1879, and does not change the
Spring Term.
Spring Term-
Taylor, 1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in
Madison, 2d Monday in April.
Hamilton, 4th Monday in April.
Suwanee, 1st Monday after 4th Monday
in April.
Columbia, 3d Monday after 4th Monday
in April.
Lafayette, 6th Tuesday after 4th Monday
in April.
Fall Term-
Taylor, 1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in
Madison, 2d Monday in October.
Hamilton, 4th Monday in October.
Suwannee, 1st Monday after 4th Monday
in October.
Columbia, 3d Monday after 4th Monday in
Lafayette, 6th Tuesday after 4th Monday
in October.
Spring Term--
St. John's, 2d Tuesday in March.
Clay, 4th Tuesday in March.
Bradford, 1st Tuesday in April.
Baker, 2d Tuesday in April.
Nassau, 3d Tuesday in April.
Duval, 1st Tuesday in May.
Fall Term--
St.. John's 2d Tuesday in September.
Clay, 4th Tuesday in September.
Bradford, 1st Tuesday in October.
Baker, 2d Tuesday in October.
Nassau, 3d Tuesday in October.
Duval, 1st Tuesday in November.

Spring Term-
Sumter, 3d Monday in March.,
Marion, 4th Monday in March.
Putnam, 3d Tuesday after 4th Monday in
Levy, 4th Tuesday after 4th Monday in
Alachua, 4th Monday after 4th Monday in
Fall Term-
Sumter, 1st Monday in October.
Marion, 3d Monday in October.
Putnam, 3d Tuesday in November.
Levy, 4th Tuesday in November.
Alachua, 1st Monday after 4th Tuesday in
Spring. Term-
Orange, 4th Monday in January.
Volusia, 3d Monday in February.
Brevard, 1st Monday in March.
Dade, 3d Monday in April.
Fall Term-
Orange, 2d Monday in August.
Volusia, 2d Monday in September.
Brevard, 4th Monday in September.
Dade, 2d Monday in November.

County Officers.
County Judge--Junius C. Gardner, Gaines-
Clerk-J. A. Carlisle, Gainesville.
Sheriff-John W. Turner, Gainesville.
Assessor of axes-George W. Hawthorne,
Collector of Revenue-H. C. Denton, Gaines-
Superintendent of Schools-W. N. Sheats,




----- EAM- ---

'-OO-"IK ANDL _3




Beech Street, Opposite Egmont Hotel,


Having added NEW TYPE AND NEW PRESSES to our office, and having

SKILLED WORKMEN who know how to use the same, we are now

prepared to do any and every kind of printing,


As Neatly and as Cheap as any Offlice in Florida. e

Don't send your orders for PRINTING, BINDING and RULING to offices out-




Al .

salt to be found. This being the case in the
green.tree, how much more must the pores
of the dry tree be closed from the top end
downward ? I have tried many similar ex-
periments, and think the question settled,
that if a post is placed top end down, no
moisture can ascend from the bottom of the
hole up the post to rot it; but when the
butt end is do wn the moisture can ascend
the pores very rapidly if green, and slowly
if dry. Seasoned posts are known to last
much longer, because the pores are more or
less filled within the seasoned wood. I
should also infer that placing the top end
down would make more difference in a
green than in a dry post. In pursuance 9f
the fact, that the pores of green timber have
been often saturated with different solutions
to preserve it, by immersing the butt ends,
freshly cut,,in the solution to be absorbed,
it will be also noticed that burning or char-
ring the posts only closes the pores and pre-
vents the absorption of water.-Builder and
Wood- Worker.

We regret to see so little attention paid to
that valuable fruit in this country; a fruit
that can be made a source of profit to say
nothing of its value for home use, as its juice
is capable of being made into fine wine-
sparkling or still according to process used.
Those who may have conscientious scruples
against the manufacture or use of wine, can
make the finest vinegar-a vinegar that will
always command the highest market price,
equal to that of the best white wine vine-
It is safe to say that it will rival the orange
in productive value per acre. As a small in-
stance; I will cite the experience of Mr J. S.
North, of Welaka, Putnam county, Fla., who
year before last, from two vines of the Scup-
pernong that were six years old form the
ayer, and occupied but a sixth of an acre in
area, made two hundred gallons of wine,
which realized him not less than $2 per gal-
lon. This same experience is borne out by
that of several others in that country who
are raising grape.
The vine is a rapid grower, extending it-
self about ten feet, under favorable condi-
tions, in every direction each year; so that
in setting them out reference must be had to
that fact, and at least forty feet, and better
yet, fifty or sixty feet of space, in every di-
rection, should be given to them. The first
year, cuttings, or year-old layers, will require
a post about seven feet high to be tied up to
andafterthat posts of the same height should
be ut up every ten feet apart, and stringers
laid from post to post, overlayed with slats
every two or three feet apart, and the most
durable material should be used from the
beginning, as it is a hard job to replace slats
and stringers in grape arbors, As it will be
much more convenient to drive the cart un-
der the arbor when gathering fruit, the ar-
bor should be made high enough to permit
No insects damage the Scuppernong,
neither does the cold affect it and all one
has to do is to arbor it up, and refrain from
pruning it at all. Should you have to prune
it, only do so after the leaves are out, and
immediately sear the cut with a hot iron, or
it will be apt to bleed to death.
Don't undertake to trellis it, as it wants
arboring. Keep the roots enriched with
mulching, and each year increase the arbor
so as to keep the viie off the ground.
The average soil of Polk county-that is,
the soil that is usually cultivated-is emi-
nently adapted to the Scuppernong, and
every person who has an acre of orange
grove ought to have an acre of Scuppernong
grapery. I would recommend one or two-
year old layers to those who can get them,
for a quick start, but cuttings will'answer
where the layers cannot be had. They are
low in price, and bear removal long dis-
tances and setting out with very little loss.
Any one can, in a year after setting out four
or five two-year-old layers, have all the fruit
a large family can eat, and the year after
make wine for home use. The third year
wine enough will be made to afford a hand-
some revenue.
Remember, that neither insects nor cold
injure, and it will stand a good deal of ne-
glect, though I can't say that neglect helps
the vine any too much. But you know
that neglect .is the offspring of overwork
sometimes, as well as of direct laziness--
Barrow Informant.

THE persistent sea foam which sometimes
rolls in large masses to a considerable dis-
tance inland when the wind blows toward
shore is not thought by Mr. J. H. Gladstone
to be due to the destruction of sea-weed.
What laboratory experiments he made have
seemed to show that the weed which is
tosseds about by every tide plays but a small
if any part in the formation of such foam.
He ascribes it rather to the presence of the
laminaria, which is uprooted and torn b5y
the waves only when the violent agitation
of the sea reaches a sufficient depth.

SEA-BATHING, says Dr. Amat, has proved
of great benefit in many cases of disease of

the eye. The improvement appears to be
due to two causes. 1. The influence which
such a course has upon the general health
by curinganaemia and elevating the tone of
the system since sea-bathing is in the high-
est degree a restorative. 2. Sea-water, and
occasionally also the atmosphere of the sea,
has a local irritant action which should be
watched, since it *is most serviceable when
there is a chronic, torpid, and indolent in-
flammation, while it is exceedingly danger-
ous when the inflammation is of an acute

ERS, by exemption for a term of years from
taxation, offered by the several cities and
towns. Apply at
, Office cor. Beach & 7th sts., Fernandina.


600,000 Acres
Of the most
At only $1.25 per acre to new settlers, with
the privilege of selection in parcels of 40
acres or more. These lands are located on
and adjacent to the line of the

extending from FERNANDINA on the At-
lantic, to CEDAR KEY, on the Gulf coast,
thus affording to the producer cheap, con-
stant and rapid transportation to the best
The belt of country traversed by the Tran-
sit R. R. embraces-

to be found in the State, a large proportion
being peculiarly adapted to the culture of
SEmI-TROPICAL FRUITS and Early Vegetables,
and The Large, Compact Bodies of Timber
make these lands worthy of CAREFUL EX-.
AMINA TION by manufacturers of LUMBER

Purchasing land from this company are fur-
nished with entire free passage on the Tran-
sit Railroad for family and personal effects
to the station nearest the land purchased.
TITLE COMPLETE, being derived by
grant from the United States and purchase
from the State of Florida.

Descriptive MAPS and CIRCULARS mailed on
app cion. CHAS. W. LEWIS,

Land Commissioner.
Office cor. Beach and Seventh Sts.

je-School Books a Specialty.-Sk
Groceries and Provisions.



Six months after the first publication of
this notice, I will present to the County
Judge of Nassau county my final account-
and vouchers as administratrix of the Estate
of Liberty Billings, deceased, and ask for a
final discharge as such Administratrix.
Fernandina; November 19, 1881.
take notice that on the 1st day of Jan-
uiary, A. D. 1882, I will apply to the County
Judge, in and for said county of Nassau,
Florida, for an order to sell and transfer cer-
tain certificates of indebtedness issued by
the Central Railroad and Banking Company
of Georgia, and held by me as guardian for
Andrew Jackson King and Margery E. King,
now Margery E. Harrison.I
Fernandina, Fla., November 26, 1881-4w.

holders of the Beach Hotel and Road
Company, held in the city of Fernandina,
on the 12th day of September, 1881, pursu-
ant to notice duly advertised for three weeks,
as required by law, it was resolved by a vote
of three-fourths or more of the stock of said
company then and there represented, that
the articles of incorporation of said Beach
Hotel and Road Company be so amended
as to extend the limit of indebtedness or li-
ability to which said corporation can at any
time subject itself from twenty-five hundred
dollars, as heretofore, to six thousand dollars,
as provided by section (3) of an act of the
legislature of the State of Florida, "entitled
an act to amend an act, to provide for the
creation of corporations, and to prescribe
their general powers and liabilities, and to
reenact and amend the sections repealed by
said act." Approved March 11, 1879.
Chairman and Vice-President.
Secretary and Treasurer. 44

Professional and Business Cards


YOUNo Cows.-For family cows heifers
O With their first calves should be milked
within a few weeks of their coming again.
If dried off early they will always dry up
their milk early.-Rural Messenger.
cows should not be taught to cat at milking
time, as it will not always be found conve-
nient to supply food, and they will be rest-
lws without it when accustomed to it.-Ru-
ral Messenger.
How CORN IS HULLED,-E. W. C.: Corn
may be 11hulled by steeping it over night in
a lye of wood ashes, or a solution of concen-
trated lye, or caustic potash, or soda. In the
morning the hulls will separate from the
corn by violently stirring it or rubbing it.
GEESE.-Of all poultry breeding the rear-
ing of the goose, in favorable situations, is
said to be the least troublesome and most
profitable. It is not surprising, therefore,
that the trade has of late years been enor-
mously developed. Geese will live to a cer-
tain extent and thrive on the coarsest grass-
es.-Rural Messenger.
Mass.: To make a durable whitewash the
lime should be slaked in hot water into a
thin paste, and thinned to a proper consis-
tency with boiled skimmed milk, in which
ground rice, boiled to a thin jelly, has been
mixed. The wash is put on hot and cannot
be rubbed or washed off.
LIME IN COMPOST.-M. N. Smyrna,. Del.:
Lime may be used in a compost with clay
alone, and will make a fertilizer sufficiently
valuable to pay well fbr the labor. The clay
and lime, freshly burned and caustic, should
be evenly mixed and kept in a compact
heap for six months. If any vegetable mat-
ter could be added to it it would increase the
effect of the compost as a fertilizer. This
has the same result, but in a more rapidly
effective manner, as liming the soil, and the
clay compost used on sandy soil is also val-
uable for its mechanical effect.
HIDE-BOUND TREES.-Trees that have long
stems exposed to hot suns or drying winds
become hide-bound. That is, the old bark
becomes indurated-cannot expand-and
the tree suffers in consequence. Such an
evil is usually indicated by gray lichens,
which feed on the decaying bark. In these
cases, says the Gardener's Monthly, a washing
of weak lye or of lime water is very useful;
indeed, where the bark is healthy, it is ben-
eficial thus to wash trees, as many eggs of
insects are thereby destroyed. We would,
however, again refer to linseed oil as a wash,
as far more effective for insects, and it would
perhaps do as well for moss and lichens.
After all, these seldom come when trees are
well cultivated. It is neglect that makes
poor growth, and it is poor growth that
makes lichens.-New York Sun.
CRAMMING POULTRY.-Mrs. T., Berks coun-
Sty, Penn.: Poultry of all kinds can be well
fattened, if in fair order previously, in three
weeks. The method of cramming poultry
to fatten them is as follows: Oat-meal and
corn-meal are boiled with milk and some
sugar into a thick mush. When this is near-
ly cold it is rolled with dry meal into large
pellets of the size of chestnuts, and that will
be readily swallowed. The bird is taken be-
tween the knees on an apron, and its mouth
held open while another person puts the
pellets of food down the throat until no
More can be put down. The bird is then put
into a small coop, in which it cannot even
turn, and shut up in darkness. It is fed four
times a day and no water is given. The flesh
of birds so fattened is very white and clear,
and brings a good price in the market.
rone to neglect this important matter, and
y such negligence are liable to a great many
disappointments in the shape of store and
other bills, which, when presented, are a
surprise to them, and have a tendency to cre'-
ate a suspicion on their part that the mer-
chants are not honest, while on the other
hands their families are berated for extrava-
gance. Receipts and expenditures are never
noted*; the profits and losses in any branch
of farming are unknown; unconsciously
debts multiply ; for it requires much less
I time and ability to dispose of money than
to acquire it. Accounts properly kept would
admonish them when they could afford to
spend and when to check up. Carelessness
in one particular is apt to foster and beget
carelessness in others. The fact is, every
farmer should have his journal and ledger,
and keep his accounts as promptly and cor-
rectly as the merchant.
PEACHES.-The Sun Says that luscious fruit,
the peach, is likely to be as scarce this sea-
son as it was last year. Many trees that
were badly frozen last winter were cut off
with the expectation that new tops would
grow upon them. They rapidly recovered,
during the early summer, but their growth
was checked by the drouth so that very few
fruit buds formed on the new tops. The

yield from such trees will fall off 80 per cent.
Trees that survived the severity of last win-
Ster budded late, and their growth was feeble.
The recent hot, dry weather has so drained
the life from them that many will never re-
cover. The buds which usually appear be-
fore frost are shriveled. It is thought that
the drouth has affected all kids of fruit
trees so seriously that the prospects for the
season of 1882 are discouraging. The extra-
-.ordinary dryness of the air has prevented
the ,formation of fruit buds. Hortictiltur-
ists will do what they can to alter these con-
ditions by mulching and manuring.

The sap or moisture goes up in the sap
wood from the roots to the leaves of the
trees. I found if the post is butt end down
the pores are open upward,. and water can
go up and thus keep the post moist between
wind and water, which must cause a rapid
decay. It, appeared, probable that the pores
were only open upward, and not downward,
in a tree. To test this, I cut a small maple
sapling (two inches through) in May, leav-
ing tht limbs all ion, and placing the butt
end in a pail of brine. In thirty-six hours
the leaves were saturated with this brine,
thetaste of the salt being stron,-. At the
same time I had cut another maple sapling
and cut off the top branch, leaving the rest of
the limbs on. After winding a cloth around
the butt end to prevent evaporation, I placed
the top end in a pail of brine, and allowed
it to remain several days, but no brine had
been absorbed at the top end. It had not
) penetrated the pores as far as the end im-
S mersed in the' brine, for if the bark was
scraped there was not the slightest taste of

Real Estate.



Special attention given to collecting.
Office over Horsey's Drug Store. 42-6m


T-. T-


- FLA.



Hay, Corn, (


Alachua Street, between Second and Third,
Orders and estimates from a distance care-
fully attended to. 25-tf
Dealer in Ice.





Stair and Church Work



Fernandina, Fla.

Post Office Box 174.

Books and Stationery.





Fine I



Family Groceries


Customers can rely upon getting CHOICE
OODS, as


are kept in stock.

This space reserved for


Grocer and Ship Chandler,




Having largely increased my
stock of Foot-wear, in both fine
and medium grades, I am ena-
bled to place before my custom-
ers -a very large assortment of
Boots and Shoes made by the
most competent and skilled
workmen. These Goods were
purchased for CASH, and are
only exchanged for the same
commodity. This- will be deem-
ed a pleasure after seeing, ex-
amining, and learning at what
extremely low prices these
Goods are offered.
zb- My stock of GENTLEMEN'S
the attention of those desiring
fine Goods.
_i Orders left to my selection
will receive careful and prompt

Groceries, Cigars, and Tobaccos,

Weddings, Entertainments, and Picnics,
furnished at the shortest notice, at rock-bot-
tom prices, at

Centre Street,
Opp. old P. O. Building.



five rooms, with Closets, front Piazza,
large Yard, Orange, Lemon and Banana
Trees. Centrally located. Good title, etc.
For further particulars, inquire at this
office. 4-tf



Telegraphic orders promptly attended to.

Fernandina, Fla.




Towns on R. R. Line,
And Cedar Key.

Offers to Lessees and Purchasers a large
number of the most eligible and desirable
Lots, suitable for Business Purposes, or for
City or Suburban Residences,


Liberal Discounts on Values allowed to
parties engaged in manufacturing or indus-
trial enterprises, who will erect on the prop-
erty purchased substantial improvements
for residence, or in which to conduct their


The thread exhibits made by three of the largest
manufacturers of spool cotton were a distinguishing
feature of the great International Cotton Exposition at
Atlanta. The Willimantic Thread Company, a dis-
tinctively American institution, displayed what was
generally admitted to be the most complete exhibit
ever made of any industry at any World's Fair. A
whole system of machinery in operation was shown
in this company's space, and taking the raw cotton
from the bale, it was turned out as finished thread
ready for market, passing through all the many
requisite and delicate processes in plain view of visi-
tors, even the spools upon which the thread was
wound, and the boxes in which it was packed being

made on the spot.
The Willimantic Company, in making so large an
exhioitat the firstgreat Southern fair, showed a proper
appreciation of Southern intelligence, and the judges
in bestowing upon this company all the honors
awarded for spool cotton at the Exposition, only echoed
the public sentiment formed at the South after seeing
how Willimanic Thread is made. Governor Colquitt,
of Georgia, responding to a toast at a reception in
Atlanta, also added his endorsement by saying:
Having worn and found good a suit of clothes
made from cotton picked in the morning from the
field and before night woven, cut, made and pres-
sented to him by the Willimantic Company, he stood
in a position to endorse the Willimantic Thread, and
recommended it to every family in Georgia and the
The completeness of this latest victory achieved by
the Willimantic Company can be better understood
by reading the following extracts from the official re-
ports of the judges of award :
For the Best Six-Cord, Soft Finish, Spool Cottonfor
Machine aend Hand Sewing. The elements of merit
and superiority recognized are great strength and
elacticity, rendering this thread peculiarly adapted to
sewing machine use. The colors shown are remark-
able for their beauty and variety. Gold medaljrecom-
"For a magnificent display of thread-making in all
its various operations, from the raw material to the
finished goods, * giving a com-
plete, practical exhibit of this important and interest-
ing industry. In closing this report the judges desire
to express their unanimous commendation of the
Willimantic Thread Company for their enterprise and
liberality in making this notable exhibit, and recom-
mend a special gold medal award as a deserved re-
cognition of the same."
For an excellent exhibit of an admirable system
of organisation and special institutions for promoting
harmony and increasing the material, moral and in-
tellectual well-being of work people in manufacturing
establishments. And your
committee recommend that an exemplary recognition
shall be made of the value and importance of this
exhibit by the award of a grand prize of a medal or
piece of plate of the value of $5006to the exhibitor of
this admirable exemplification of new methods for the
convenience and improvement of the employees in
the manufacture of cotton, considering that such pro-
vision is of even greater importance than any new
improvement in machines for preparing and manu-
facturing cotton."
In addition to the above, four other awards were
recommended by the judges for exhibits shown by the
Willimantic Company, among them being the only
award for a spool cotton winding machine.

ATENTS obtained for new inventions
P or for improvements in old
ones. Caveats, Infringements, Trade-Marks
and all patent business promptly attended
REJECTED may still, in most cases, be pat-
ented by us. Being opposite the UT. S. Pat-
ent Office, and engaged in PATENT BUSI-
NESS EXCLUSIVELY, we can secure pat-
ents in less tinte than those who are remote
from Washington.
When Inventors send model or sketch,
we make search in the Patent Office, and
advise as to its patentability free of charge.
Correspondence confidential; fees. reason-
We refer by permission to the City Post-
master, and to the Superintendent of the
Post-Office Money Order Division in Wash-
ington. For special references, circular, ser-
vice, terms, etc., address
C. A. SNOW & CO.,
2-tf Opp.Patent Office, Washington, D.C.

Wholesale and Retail




2.00 A -YEAR; $1.00 FOR SIX MONTHS.

Marion Roberts, C E Dobson, Frank Mont-
ford, Edwin Brink, Joe Howard, W J But-
ler, John Knight, J S Patterson, New York;
M Iglaner, S 8 Einstein, J M Rosenfield,
Savannah ; Miss J A Smith, Miss S Smith.
Range of Thermometer

S^ d Wind

Saturday, ....Jan. 7 49 55 56 55 NE.
Sunday, ............ 8 58 62 62 61 SE.
Monday,.............. 9 61 69 69 68 SE.
Tuesday..............10 64 69 69 67 SE.
Wednesday ........11 67 72 72 70 SE.
Thursday............ 1268 72 73 71 SE.
Friday ...............13 169 74 .74 72 SW .



Books and Stationery, Toys and Fancy Goods,

21 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
W" E invite your attention to one of the most extensive and varied assortments of
CHRISTMAS PRESENTS ever seen in the South, consisting of
pLi Special attention given to orders from the country. Country merchants can buy
from us as cheap as at the North. "
Railroads and Steamboats, made to order.
For Lawyers and 'Justices of the 'Peae Boston, New York. Phila.-lelphia, Baltimore,
For y n u oChicago, St.yLouis, New Orlea, f Charleston,
NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES. Savannah and Jackson v'ille papers.
Orange Wraps--10x10l, 11x11, and 12x12. Write f.r prices. ,
_ff Write for anything in our line, and you can get it. '42-y

'Hardware, Stoves, Doors, Sash, 1Btinils, Paints, Oils,

St tug P J Nevins, Phillips, 40 tons.
Bark Bjorn, Bjornstadt, 399 tons. .
Bark Henry Knight, Pendleton, 488 tons.
Bark John F. Robertson (Br.), Olston 432
Bark Frido (It.), Olivari, 429 tons.
Bark Cosmos (Br.), Raymond, 560 tons..
Brig George E. Dale, Pierce, 230 tons.
Brig Emeline, Urquhart, 316 tons.
Sch. Post Boy, Gott, 171 tons.
Sch. FannieL. Child, Hart.
'Sch. Jenny Greenliank, Snow.
Cargo steamship San Antonio, from Fer-
nandina for New York, January 13: 662
packages oranges, 69 packages merchandise,
245 sacks fertilizer, 23 bales dry hides, 250
bales cotton, 17 barrels cabbage, 47 barrels
syrup, 50 barrels rosin, 402 logs cedar, 196
boxes cedar.

List of Letters
Remaining in the Post-Office at Fernandi-
hia, Nassau county, Fla., Jan. 14, 1882. Per-
sons calling for these letters must say adver-

There is no matter in which our City
Council receives more constant and intelli-
gent criticism than for its omission to
pass an ordinance preventing the running
of stock in our streets. The no fence law
has been applied to the whole sta of South
Carolina. The subject is being agitated in
Georgia. No community boasting of so fair a
town, handsome streets, pretty gardens and
shrubbery as Fernandina, can possibly be
found where cattle and horses are allowed
to roam at large. It is said the Council have
a compassionate regard for some poor col-
ored man's mule or colts, and have an eye
to popularity. We resent this as an im-
proper aspersion upon our Council. But
will some one tell us why the hog ordinance
is not applied to cattle and horses.
The Sunday Mail.
Our accommodating postmaster, having
received a petition from a large number of
citizens and the principal business portion
of this community, requesting a change in
the hour of delivering the Sunday mail,
Gives notice that hereafter the office will be
open on Sundays from 4 to 5 p. m. This
change will be a great convenience to the
public, and meet with general approval.
The Wallace Combination.
This very clever theatrical company
opened to a good house on Thursday even-
ing, at Lyceum Hall, with Joaquim Miller's
delineation of Western pioneer life entitled
"Oregon." The play was well received, Miss
Minnie Wallace sustaining the principal
character of Carrots" in a very creditable
manner. To-night the company will give
Fanchon, the Cricket," with Miss Wallace
in the cast of the title role.
Monday evening will be presented the
laughable comedy of "The Governor's
Wife," and John Brougham's great farcical
burlesque of Pocahontas.
On Tuesday night the company will give
an entire new programme for the benefit of
Amelia Lodge, F. & A. M.
The Egmont.
The Egmont Hotel is obtaining a very wide
celebrity for the excellence of its table, the
perfection and neatness of its furnishing and
the admirable system of its management
under its skilful proprietor, Mr. Kittelle.
There is.something very attarctive about the
Egmont from the moment a stranger steps
upon its broad verandas. The office, car-
peted with'its rich Brussels carpet, conveys
the idea of the refinement and elegance of a
home. The grounds overlooked by its win-
dows on either side present pleasant pictures
of tropical growth and beautiful flowers.
Its broad, richly carpeted halls, reading-
room, handsome parlor and elegant dining-
rooms meet the approval of the most fastidi-
ous taste. Elegant equipages are always in
waiting to take one over a fine shell-roadito
the sea-beach, always an object of interest
and pleasure, of which one can never tire,
whether hurriedly rolling over its smooth
sands, fanned by the gentle sea-breezes, or
alighting to gather shells or marine curiosi-
ties, which abound in profusion. With an
appetite sharpened by the exhilarating ride
the excellent cuisine of the Egmont provides
fpr the inner man all that can be desired in
the way of comfort and luxury. The great
want of the Egmont is enlargement to meet
the requirements of the times.

Hotel Arrivals.
W H Remington and family, Eureka, Ne-
vada ; L D Eaton, New York ; A E Smyrk
and daughter, Baltimore ; D H Scoville, At-
lanta ; C W Van Veck, Mrs Wm Van Vieck,
Miss Van Vleck, Cincinnati; L B Frank,
GeoA Bonfils, New York; Dr Thos Hall
'and family, Boston; Mrs J H Seitz, F C
Seitz, Detroit; William B Reed and wife,
Hastings, Minn ; Judge Thos Russell and
wife, Boston ; Gov F W H lliday, Virginia;
H E Murphy, Jacksonville ; Mrs Heisner,
Misses Heisner Ohio ; J S Ross, ArthurDor-
man, W M Dake, Nashville; Rev A T Pel-
ham, England ; C H Hubbard and wife, Wm
Heron, Hickman, Ky ; J S Birch and wife,
New York ; H L Williams, Pennsylvania ;

Miss SB Sayre, New York; Thos S Swift,
Mrs Eckstein and daughter, Cincinnati; Mrs
A M Bennett, Chicago; Capt Risk, ss Caronde-
let; Wm Riley and wife, Chicago; EL Getchel
and Wife, Jacksonville; Robt Hilliard, Sa-
vannah,; H B Dean, DeL W Waskins, New
York.; Capt and Mrs Hines, N E Day,ss,San
Antonio; Geo H Bishop, Middletown; T J
Barney, Grand Rapids; Willis Howe, wife
and child, Chicago; 0 A Weidner, New
York; Mrs J M Gilbert, E H Gilbert, Mrs F
H Barrows, Buffalo Maj F KW Hess and
wife, W D Harper, New York ; W W Phil-
lips and wife, Taunton, Mass: J T Hunt,
New York; J C Stodder, G T Stodder, Ban-
gor,.Me; J B Montell, New York.
W H McCall, Gainesville; James Bain,
Maine; W A Colclough, Gainesville; John
F Ingram, Tennessee; N G N Bergenstoil,
Sweden; Gustav Bischoff, Savannah; F Ta-
miet, Citra, Fla; R B Hillyard, Savannah;
F J Dahlman, New York; Robert'Morris,
Philadelphia; J H Cone, Florida; Captain
Raymond, London; C J Van Nastrand,
Brandy Branch; Jas Souther, Georgia; G D
Clark, wife and two children, Miss Norton,
Connecticut; H C French, wife and two
children, Cas.spolis, Mieh;' Frank Montford,
New York ; Henry Mills, Charleston; Jos A
Bartlett, St Thimn-s; CR Murray, Brandy
Branch; T J Burrin, Lawtey, Fla; Miss
Timanus, St. Louis; C H Williams, Ocala;
J E Mann, Savannah; Edmund Crashaw,
Lawtey, Fla; LA Davis, Orange Bluff; H G
Midford, New York; Captain Thomas, S
:Volo ; Captain John James, S S Glendale; D
Herring, King's Ferry; Major McWhorter,
St. Marys; J D Hutchinson, Jacksonville;
Theo P Thinimlson, Transit. Railroad; Miss
Minnie Wallace, Miss Lillie Brush, Miss


The Mayor has done some good work on
the streets lately.
The Savannah steamers bring large num-
bers of visitors on every trip.
The recent cold snap at the North seems
to have promoted travel southward.
The United States Revenue Cutter Bout-
well, Captain Randolph, entered our port on
Mr. C. W. Yulee and Mrs. D. L. Yulee and
daughters returned to the city yesterday,
after an absence of several months.
It will be seen from our list of hotel ar-
rivals that our city has during the past week
been visited by a large number of strangers.
We learn that the engineers of the Tran-
sit Railroad are preparing plans for exten-
sive dockage facilities for" the increasing
commerce of our port.
Eli Perkins, the great humorist, delivered
a lecture at Lyceum Hall last evening to a
full house. The lecturer sustains his world-
wide reputation as the humorist of the day,
and the only clever successor of Artemus
A noticeable feature in the financial re-
port of one of our churches, where fire is
always made when needed, is that the cost
of fuel for the year 1881 was only two dol-
lars. Very strong testimony to the mildness
of our climate.
The steamship Carondelet, from New York
for Nassau and Matanzas, arrived in port on
Monday, and left on Tuesday'with fifty-four
passengers. She was obliged, we learn, to
decline receiving a large number, her state-
rooms being fully taken.
It is interesting to note that the tempera-
ture during the recent cold snap varied very
little at different points in Florida. At Pa-
latka it was 30, while at Fernandina, 80
miles north of Palatka, it was only one de-
gree lower, and frosts occurred at all points
as far south'as Palatka, the difference be-
tween Tampa' and Fernandina not being
over four degrees.
On Monday four steamships lay in our
port-the Volo (Br.), the Glendale (Br.), the
Carondelet, and Revenue Cutter Boutwell. It
requires no great effort of the imagination
to look forward to the time when our docks
will be lined with steamers, foreign and
coastwise, receiving cargoes from our net
work of railways, and from barges from the
great rivers of the West.
The steamshi p Glendale (Br.), 1,127 tons,
Captain James, from Tampico, arrived in
this port on Sunday last, consigned to Mr.
Wm. Lawtey, and was cleared on Thursday
for Avonmouth, England, with 951 barrels
rosin and 600 tons cotton seed. Value of
-cargo, $14,853. The Glendale sailed yester-
day via Port Royal, where she will coal and
take on board the balance of her cargo,
about 400 tons cotton seed.
A new schedule on the Transit and Pen-
insular Railroads goes into effect to-morrow.
The train for Cedar Key leaves here at 8:00
a.m., Callahan, 9:40; Waldo, 1:13; Gainesville,
2:05, and arrive at Cedar Key at 5 p.m. Leave
Cedar Key 7:45 a.m.; Gainesville, 10.55; Wal-,
do, 11:42; Callahan, 3:40; Fernandina, 5:05.
On+ the, Peninsular Railroad-leave Waldo,
1:25 p. m.; arrive cala, 4:508; leave Ocala,
8:10 a. m. ; arrive Waldo, 11:38.
A gentleman informs us that he made a
shipment to a point some 300 miles north
of New York, by the Mallory Line, and on
the same day by the Southern Express to
Baltifmore. The'shipment to the point 300
miles north of New York reached its desti-
nation before the express freight asrived at
* Baltimore :He thinks a so-called express
company Which requires a week to deliver
its freight in Baltimore from this place has
no claims upon public patronage.
The City. Council,, having in view the gen-
,eral dissatisfaction of the people with the
increase of the salary of the Mayor from
$200 per annum to $900, at a recent meet-
ing passed an ordinance repealing that or-

diiance and liking the salai-y $400. The
Mayor has vetoed the ordinance reducing
his salary. It may be that there were other
features of the ordinance which justified
this action, and we await the publication of
the Mayor's reasons for vetoing the ordi-
nance before commenting further on the
subject. Our columnsare open to him for
that purpose.
The communication of Sir1 Edward Reed
,to the Jacksonville dailies will correct some
of the lia.ty rumors which have been put
afloat in reference to the future management
of tlie associated inter-ests which Sir Edward
has assumed the control of. While the de-
tail, of these future operations mu-t neces-
sarily involve care and study, it will be a
satisf-action to the public to know the sensi-
ble'and juiciuu.s views entertained by Sir
El ward and the assurance which he gives
That all public interests will be guarded and
promoted. Sir Edward has the happy and
S most necessary faculty of men who act in
large enterprises, of acting with promptness
S and decision uiipon the main points presented,
W ith a cautious tlnro.iug.lness in dealing
with details of operation.

Port of Fernandina.
Saturday, Jan. 14...... 2:43 A. M.
Sunday, 15...... 3:42 "
Monday, 16 ...... 4:46 "
Tuesday, 17 ...... 5:50 "
Wednesday, 18 ...... 6:48 "
Thursday, 19...... 7:41
Friday, 20...... 8:31

3:09 P. M.
4:09 "
5:13 "
6:16 "
7:13 "
8:58 "



S 1,542
. 1,310

an. 7-S. P. City of Bridgeton, Fitzgerald,
Savannah, 499 tons; freight and
passengers, to J. A. Mercier,
i" "-Sch. Fannie L. Child, Hart, Bos-
ton; ballast, to R. G. Cook &
9-S. S. Glendale, James, Tampico,
1,150 tons.; ballast, to Winm.
"-Brig Sarah Wallace, Anderson, St.
Marys, to take part of cargo;
Fox and Burns.
"-S. P. Florida, Usina, Savannah, by
J. A. Mercier, with freight and
"-S: S. Carondelet, Sam Risk, New
York, 1,508 tons ; United States
mail and passengers, to R. W.
10-S. P. City ofBridgeton, Fitzger-
ald, Savannah, 499 tons ; freight
and passengers, to J. A. Mercier,
"-Sch. Jenny Greenbank, Snow, Wal-
doboro; fruit, vegetables and
fish, to master.
3-S. S. San Antonio, Hines, New
York, 1,630 'tones; freight and
passengers to R. W. Southwick.
11-S. P. Florida, Usina, Savannah, 475
tons, freight and passengers, to
J. A. Mercier.
12-S. P. City of Bridgeton, Fitzgerald,
.Savannah, 499 tons; to J. A.
Mercier, agent.
6-Sch. Ada F. Whitney, Bartlet, New
Hayen; ,lumber, by R. G.
Cook& Co.
"-Sch. Henry D. May, Morris, Phila-
delphia; lumber, by Hilliard &
7--S. P. City of Bridgeton, Fitzgerald,
Savannah, with freight and pas-
sengers, by J. A. Mercier.
9-S. S. Carondelet, Risk, Nassau, N.
P.; United States mail, passeng-
ers and freight, by R. W. South-
"-S. P. Florida, Usina, Savannah, by
J. A. Mercier, with freight and
"-Brig Sarah Wallace (Br.), Ander-
son, St. Marys, to complete car-
go, by Fox & Burns.
10-Sch. John J. Taylor, Hudson, Phil-
adelphia ; lumber, by T. J. Bur-
"-S. P. City of Bridgeton, Fitzgerald,
Savannah, by J. A. Mercier,
With freight and passengers.
11-S. S. Florida, Usina, Savannah,.475
tons, by J. A. Mercier, agent,
with freight and passengers.
12-S. S. San Antonio, Hines, New
York, by R. W. Southwick, with
freight and passengers, to C. H.
Mallory & Co.
"-S. P. City of Bridgeton, Fitzgerald,
Savannah, by J. A. Mercier,
agent, with freight and passeng-
"-S. S. Glendale, James, Avonmouth,
Eng.; cotton seed and rosin, by
W. Lawtey. I
13-Sch. A. P. Nowell, Wharton, Phil-
delphia; lumber, by C. H.
"-Sch. Silas C. Evans, Sylvanus, New
York; naval stores, by W. H.
Jones & Co.
Brithish' steamship Volo, Thomas, 1,371


Pier 20 East River, New York.



Have received, and will continue to receive, large shipments of


OUR LARGE SALES enable us to offer these Goods at such low prices s cannot
fail to attract those who want Reliable GOODS.AT Low Prices.' Our lines of

Dress Goods, Domestic Goods,

Fancy Goods, Hosiery, Notions,,

Housekeeping Goods,

Clothing, ClothS, Cassimeres,

Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes,

Gentlemens -Furnishing Goods,
will be found complete and attractive, and will repay inspection before purclasin. or
ordering elsewhere. '-


f N.E. Cor. Centre an 1 Thiri1 Sts.
1 ; .Fernandina, Fla.

New York Office,
83 Walker Street.




Alert, Any"
:Burus, Mary M.
Brown, Henry
Daussey, Lewis
Ganey, J. C.
Jones, H.
Jackson, A.
McDonald, James C.
Roger, Dolly
Simmons,' Sophie
Towle, Willsaiu ,
-White, Mrs.
Williams, Sallie

Bishop, N. H.
Brown, Frank
Bishop, Mrs. N. H.
Gay, Robert
Hunter, Willie
Jackson, Fannie
King, Hery L.
McCray, John A.
Smith, J, F.
Ticer, Samuel
Talady, James
William. G. W.
Young, Flood




New York and Florida, Nassau, MatanzasY
and Havana, Cuba.


ONE of the above STEAMERS will sail from FERNANDINA. FOR NEW YORK
EVERY THURSDAY AFTERNOON, on arrival of afternoon trains from Jack-
sonville, Cedar Key, and Peninsular Railroad.
This Line, having no Transfers between Fernandina and New
The traveling public are offered the advantages of a DIRECT LINE and. UNSUR-
ROAD for JACKSONVILLE, and thence by Steamers to all points onbthe ST.
_p-The favorite Iron Steamer WESTERN TEXAS will leave FERNANDINA on
January 9th, for NASSAU, MATANZAS and HAVANA, CUBA:
.-, Passengers to Cuba have the privilege of stopping in Nassau, either going or
For freight, passage rates, and schedules, or-further information, apply to'
R. W. .SOUTHWICK, Agent.
W. J. YOUNG, Agent,



e ,


1~L 7fjZ 7) 77


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