The Florida news

Material Information

The Florida news
Uniform Title:
Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. 1852)
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
George C. Powers & Co.
Creation Date:
November 22, 1851
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 62 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Fernandina (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Nassau County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1852.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 14, no. 26 (May 15, 1852)- ; -v. 5, no. 44 (May 19, 1859).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended in 1853?; numbering later resumed.
General Note:
Publishers: J.F. Rogero, <1855-1858>; E.A. Papy, 1859.
General Note:
Editor: Charles Byrne, 1852-1853.
General Note:
Published at Fernandina, Fla., 1858-1859.
General Note:
Democratic campaign paper for the election of 1852.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002057493 ( ALEPH )
02705858 ( OCLC )
AKP5519 ( NOTIS )
sn 83016250 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
News (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Succeeded by:
East Floridian (Fernandina, Fla.)


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: co ice: for the office of,Senator,.in.;)Icon*. t. :>,- ;.-... !: ., .; .Irt .- :: .r. .,..' P-.tI. In. ::1'i8, '''! -0
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term was : t6.
rtt1on of the l' : ( wherep & didlJ fb.1rhom this

; The number otTOtescglTeD by the ... ." : '" .. : ; :' I most., tt"ant given .appear to have ; .t t
.r the time of\h'e election; under aknown legal ,
uuite1npn0ngthtcboicecausLitatbl ". -I : : : T-- : _
1'ho : -: : _
= :
cecOrI -T person J'ho.ha4 the next greatest -. I
by the Constitution l&Waofthi J : ,' J : I 'OUlt'COUNTRYi number of rvotes pught to'be tonaidered. as_

w I conceived, an election for the office :: the person duly,elected.. And this, as a general .: r

St&tt ht iD that opinion, it was the duty of the ...vertible.principle, I take to be altogether" Incontro. ;, t

Jjjaeral Assembly to have declared the, dec- VOL. ZIV JACKSONVILLE FIA. And ** .- I
( ., SATURDAY, NovElirn: ., 221851., No. I again ., :: .
and refrained from further action o . : : .... 4 "As -
tjpa compel : ___ _.; 't" -) the,electors wKo give no all,have
fa "H saDSC of the law of the land choice, It was entitled fo be so declared at thetimerand in the absence of opposition, to. make a law than the- majority.ota quorum) voted for"him.: other electoradoyst", so (hoa* who give their '.
not haying been, it belongs to the choose a .Senator do, any other delegated Thereat* being twenty-nf no in number "rotes for apanoxuwhom they be by law _
d the Constitutional franchise of the dec- prerogative of the Senate,to correct the error,' business,-in the transaction of which a greater the word "blank,'?when called to Tote:,and uttered ncapablef to be considered ,exactly,on the

tors. It became my duty.! as the individual and pronounce thfcrighvi:' judgment* If ,the. number is specifically required by the State n9 choice >ra7 other penon,than sJgDl1ied the'candidato same footing' aaif;they 'gave no Tote at all.. -,

by the electors, and wW "asthus, ic- candidate in nomination cwasi: legally;chosen constitution. The Legislature could not more in nomination. Not to give ap1."fote. to declare, vote' for nobody ,
totted upon the first Toting, the right to the office be- require number to tote for the Great
vindicate the Constitution and lawfully a greater than a majority The plain, common-senie-view of the is or Mogul, must undoubtedly -! .
gill chosen, came at once Tested in'the Senator elect. The ,of a'quorum to decide the "business" of that body to electbeinglLSltmbled'case ,have the iame'efrec't.J1

lAws of the State, and the rights'of the elect power .of the Legislature t>ver the subject was choosing Senator'than. passing a law. there being competent but one candidate, and no one else/ "The,:practice.or the courts of law in such

ri who bad voted for me,asserting a cltimtetleoffice then concluded; and that body was incapable, I The Legislature comprises nineteen Senatorsand receiving any votes against him;. he could not cases, seems not 'to be disputed; they have by ,
before the tribunal designated by by any legitimate means, to defeat or JlulJiflueb forty members of.the Assembly. Of course be otherwise than elected repeatei: decisions established: the principle."

of the United States choice. [ tenin.theSenate and twenty-one in the House .To take a familiar instance,-whIch .a At page 109, of a work published by him on '
tleConititntion to which The language of Chief Justice Marshall, in is competent 'to do business." A concurrence, the least experiencedin: elections would person find he same subject, entitled "The Case of:the late -
wrSUteis a party, and intoking the right the case of Marbury vs. Madison, 1 Cr. E, 162 I then,'of-six in the Senate and eleven in the no difficulty deciding! Suppose: in an election Election for the County Middlcscx&c., by .. I

juapent. and 166-, is very applicable to this point House is sufficient a quorum being present, for a county officer A. is the 'only candidate .; he Author' ,the Commentaries on the Laws
Speaking of the exercise 'of the appointing and in the absence of legitimate opposition, to and upon canvassing, polislals found England! (work to be found in the Congressional&brary -
1wetI l assured -that.the,.omission of thekrisliture the President he "Where decide ,) he says:. .. __ .. ,.. ,
: power by ; says : an a question cr'inyjolnt meeting concurrence there are on .hundred for:A.*nd bne hundred a
to declare Ae result, in conformity officer Is removable at the will of-the Executive sixteen votes, which in that case is blank ballots; would any one doubt, even in tcDid ever any one hear of t shA'ingantg' d' i i

with 'bat I suppose to be required by the Con- i tbe circumstance which completes his I a majority of a'quor 1D.I States where a majority all voteS liven fs tee quality? Suppose on:Mr. L.'s being propos. ;

and Laws of the State, applicable I appointment is of no concert, because the act I The number present In the joint meeting on required for an election, that A was elected? danuthberOfe1ectdrshad cried out NoJ Could ;
jtittttion : is at any time reTocable. and the commission I this occasion being a quorum competent for Or, suppose A &'B were candidates, and it was a JU'gFtive'Of.thLs kind be considered as a vote : 1
jjJfOTerning the election, was produced from play be arrested, if still in the office. But business,and no votes having'been, : given for found there were one hundred totes for A. against him? Certainly not: There is no way i

purpose to violate the established: law of the I when the officer is not removable at the will any other person than the candidate in nomination fifty totes for B, and two hundred blanks.- aswas said by LordLw, of ,voting agamsta I i

but from mistake or oversight of 'the proto of the Executive, the appointment is not revocable so that legitimate opposition manifested There would be more blanks than the combined >erson but ,by totiag./tfr some other; and; if :
had, The and cannot be annulled. It has confer- a concurrence of sixteen votes would votes of both candidates would amount to, a number of electors might put a negative on a'i i !
rule judgment. upon my part red legal rights which cannot be resumed. The have been sufficient for his election. yet no one would hesitate to decide that A was candidate in such a manner,.they might keep a : :

ioirevcris not on that account the less imper- discretion of the Executive is to be exercised Nor does: the circumstance that the Constitution elected. These cues,which any inspector of a seat in Parliament:vacant as long as they pleased I I

,the; and I have not felt at liberty to shrink until the appointment has been made. But authorizes"the manner of holding elec poll would dispose of at a glance, are but the ; whereby they might; deprive not. only I I

Us performance.Oars hiving once: made the appointment, his power tions" to be prescribed by the Legislature, affect parallels of the case in hand. t heiriellow.electors, but, the State, of the assistance !r : 1
from land in which the law is over the office is terminated in all cases where this conclusion. The Legislature, in prescribing I But the value of the blank votes given on of a member." r
is happily: a I: by law the officer is not removable by him.- the "manner," must conform to the restrictions this occasion is easy to be tried by the law applicable "It is in all .cases of election, the known and : f.
supreme. It announces the PEOPLE'S WILL, The right to the office is then in the person appointed imposed by its charter. The only to the case. established lam of the laM). grounded upon Ij

diD the People is sovereignty. All the I ,and htf has the absolute, unconditional warrant of its existence as a Legislature is in Every person it presumed to know the law. clearest. principles of reason and common .:

& Government or of its administrators ; power of accepting or rejecting.1 the constitution that moulded its being and Leglators: are especially- be presumed,to ease, that if the votes given to one candidate ,
authority b'e); i "When he (the President) has made an appointment conferred its capacities. It cannot legitimately know it.. It is, then, to be considered -every are null and void, they cannot be opposed to :
is derived from that will,and must exercised :- he has exercised his whole make o.nylaw or do any act inconsistentwith person concerned the election intendedby he,votes given:to another: candidate. They ,

in subordination to it. No department, : and his discretion has been completely appliedto the prescriptions' of the State constitution his vote, or act, precisely what the law infers cannot affect the votes given to such candidate t ;1

officer, or citizen,in the community, is nboye the caseIf, by law, the officer be remO\'a-1 and violative of its own organism. When, I from it; that he meant it to have the:very; at. all: As they have,on the one hand no posi
or and are due to it I ble at the will of the President,then a therefore,the State constitution declares that a I effect which the law would attach to it. lye quality to add or to diminish,so have they,
Obedience respect
lur. pointment may be immediately made, and the majority of each House shalr be competent to I Any attempt to go behind the record and the on> the other hand,. no negative one to sub- ,

from all alike. The General Assembly has, as tights of the officer are terminated. But as a do all business, the Legislature cannot, without i law to inquire, or to infer,. after the election tract''destroy; Such was the determination :

believe, disregarded the People's w, in their fact ichich has existed, cannot be made never to departure from the law of its being and the particular motives or meaning of the voters -' of the House of Commons on the Maiden and .

touching the eletion of Senator; hare existed, the appointment cannot be annihilated ceasing to that'extent to be a Legislature, provide would be irregular, and fraught :with the Bedford elections." !
proceeding ; and, consequently if the officer is by any otherwise regarding any of its "busi most mischievous consequences.. You might It may be as well to remark here, that the
wd the circumstances of the case place me in a law not removable at the will of the President, ness." The constitution of the State is the well, after a poll is closed give to a vote for A law as thus stated by Blackstone was not dismted -

. position,in which it becomes my especial duty the rights he has acquired are protected by the highest exertion of legislative in the State, the effect of a vote for B, and against A, upon by Mr. Wilkes or any of his support-

. to trie up the issue in behalf of the Constitu.. law, nnd are not resumable by the President." And when the manner in which any department being told that the voter meant by A to imply rs. On the contrary, It was expressly admit.

and Laws of the State. A Senator not beingrcmovable by the Legislature shall exercise a power,or perform a duty, B, as to give to a blank vote any other effect t ed by Mr.Wilkes himself who, in a speech in

l lion a choice, once made, is an existing fact, is prescribed by it, that scription representsthe than the law attached to it when given,becausethe he House .Commons upon the same subject,
judgment on that issue conformably to :. the vote, and cannot be annihilated ultimate and paramount legislative will of voter afterwards is conjectured to have. ,im* s:said

,r laW!, I resort to the tribunal appointed by or avoided at the will of the Legislature, the community,and quoad the subject of prescription plied: something else. i.-(1 am ready admit that where a clear legal..

State. For the Constitution of the United whether that will be expressed by a decision the convention which made the constitution What, then,is the common law,and thereforethe ncapaeity'exists,.allNotesgiYentoa person in-

BJ which invests the Senate with the trust i it" the Presiding Officer, a subsequent electioneer or supreme and fundamental law, is law of Florida, as applicable to the State capacitated are thrown away if they are know- .
Sales: I in other Its discretion "the -In so far then as the con- the to him." 2. Br. Senate 128. .
another person, or any way. Legislature. of vote for Senator in the Florida Legislature ngly"giten"; p. *
,.dduty judgment in this case as a part of will Lave been completely applied to stitution of the State prescribes a manner of .? (In the Cong..Library.) \

Government established for the State, by the case, as soon as* legal majority have concurred proceeding for the "badness" of the Legislature The law is stated with precision in the following And in the Abi gdon'election casa,.on trial \\

of Florida, and the jurisdiction it in a choice, and it remains then with including tho business choosing a Sen- clause, to be found in one of the highest icfore committee of the House of Commons,,
far the Senate to judge; that being a discretion tor, it is obligatory and conclusive upon that authorities on the Law of ElectionsMaleon he counsel stated it as a known and indisputable -
states is thej'irisdictionofthe State, so rgUctsin denied to the Legislature by the Constitution. department.For I Elections pp. 100 and 101. He says : fact. Speaking of'the rule, that votes for

legitimate: execution of the delegated When the fact election is in issue, the Senate an instance In most of the States (in "Election is a choice by the major part of. ineligible person are'to be thrown away and. S

!trust furnishes the only constitutional tribunal Florida among the: rest) it is prescribed by those who have a right to choose, and tcko. exercise 'construed into;acquiescence,.he says: uThia.

I, made is wholly beyond and for decision. I their constitutions,that "in all elections by the that right. If the electors are unanimous, principle in all the,debates on'the Middlesex.
I have
The issue "E3ch .House shall be TUK JUDGE or THE ; Legislature the vote shall be taken viva wee;" or but a few dissent from the'choice of the larger Section WAS: ,HEVBH.: 'QUUTIONID oan J:1'nIZ&:

:t loon,nerything of a personal or party char- EtEcttoss, returns, and qualifications of its I and in some, as in Geargia, it is directed that number, it is easy to determine elec- I SIDE. -. : .

icter. All such considerations I distinctlyCsnrd. own members."-Art. 1, sec. 5, of the Constitu "all elections by the General Assembly shall the view.: So if thers be jta 'covjgettyir., : .PetersdoruVi&hi&, says, speaking of .-:

lion of the United States.If be by3ointballoL" It will be obvious to eve 't o dispute thi choice,nor anyproposed'favrsc&' votes thrown away.,upon an incapable person: _
and Laws the announcement of the Presiding Officer ry one, that this prescription of the "manner" no doubt who is the person elected, though. : "If there be no other candidate than the per"sob
:i The supremacy of the Constitution were to be taken as conclusive, the judgment could not be legally departed from by the Legislature some, or even the larger part of the electors,. incapacitated, the election is necessarily dold.

!1 of the State, is the principle in defence of. Which the Senate is required by the Constitu in the election of a Senator. do not give their toices." \' But if'there be another' candidate hav* ,

1 flich I embark ia the contest. I have under- lion to exercise, und which cannot be waived The law corporations is in keeping with Chambers, in his work on the Law and Practice ng a minority of votes'it is a very important .

and I shall without violation by the members of their this \"ieW.U of Elections states the rule as follows: question, whether,in consequence of the itfcatacity -
'f. uVea it as a point of duty, pursue oath of office, would in effect have been resign A corporation by charter cannot make bylaws "What is an ejection? A choice by the major of the former, the electors are to be call. "

it,as I have begun it, with no other purpose ed to another tribunal: and this clause of the inconsistent with the intention or counteracting part of those who have a right to choose, and ed upon to reconsider their choice; or whether

tiaa to try a question of right, which seemed Constitution,so far as it relates to judgmentupon the directions of their charter.Rex ."- who, exercise that ,.ightJ7-Sim. 128 ; Male iey. are to be represented by the latter, as be-
several bearings be practically abrogated 100)) iog the next upon the poll, and in reality to be .
to me Important enough, in its the elections,would ( vs. Cutbusb.,4 Burr.,2,209.)
and expunged.The "All by-I ws made by corporations must be Now, as a major part of. those who had a right regardad as first, by reason of the nullity o( ,
::1 ,to demand that course. clause above quoted not only invests a consistent with, and subordinate! to, their constitution : to choose, and.who exercised that right, voted. he franchises given to the other c didate.- .
Ihm deemed it respectful to you to acquaintELECTION but prescribes a daily, each nousejto rr by charter-Hoblyn vs. .Hex, [in for the candidate nominated, and as the rest It',wlll beseen that the latter proposition is that

you with the general grounds upon which my privilege judge ,of elections. It is the court or tribu- Error,} 2 Bro. P. C., 32') refrained the exercise of their.right, and d which'constitutes the law in cases where the

- opinion was formed, and with that view place nal appointed for the purpose. The jurisdiction "If the original constitution empower a less lined to express choice' for any other.p reoD, misapplication of. the franchise by the electors
each House in such cases, is exclusive. number than a majority of the whole body to the election *perfect: And here the matter has been willful, and therefore made inthiir-
I -have prepared ,
before you a paper which The cannot without usurpation. be ex do a certain act, and a by-law be made requi- might be rested. But the subject being inter- own wrong, but that is confined to such CueS.

() ipoa the tubject. ercised power by any other tribunal,-by a State Legislature ring a majority for the validity of such an act, esting and worthy of thorough examination, I The Criterian decide whether' the

With cordial devotion, in the case of a Senator, .or by canvassers theby-Iaw is told.*'-(Wilcock on Mun Corp.) will pursue the inquiry as to the legal effect of misapplication of the franchisee by the electors
been) willful ascertaining Jg whether
officers in the case of a the blank Tote. has ;as brr
Your felloir-citizen, or other Stale as by any contrivance, directly *2.But) this view of the question is not mate- The common law, as before stated, furnishes not the>'fact of ineligibility or disqua1ineaoof ,
D. L. YULEE. Representative or indirectly to limit, or oust the exclusive rial, because the "manner" prescribed by the the rule by which the election is to be tested. the candidate was sufficiently S known to
jurisdiction of each House. 'is In fact consistent with the Slate Tht evidence of the common law is in the julioial hem"
ani thorough Legislature
the courts. "That franchises so then'after,
L OF SENATOR OF TilE UNITED either House legally abandon, relinquish constitution. decisions
Nor can and thrown has been
elector withholds histotejor such notice are away,
to the an
indirect means in Florida applicable
direct statute
or transfer the election of stated candidate the general t.doctri enot, only parliamentary
nJ' which declaresthe against
elections.37 tl-at protests
of the is
0? FLORIDA, and duty judge case of sUch an ,
BT GENERAL ASSEMBLY this privilege in the courts.ot
for not*in else votes cases but in cases of.analogy
ST: other tribunal. It is a common and statute laws England which i or vote a person ,
Ftr the Term 4th March 1851.> to any State or be or votes law If or does there.appear' to be any ixcepation
comnuneing I be down to the 4th day of for a person known to disqualified,
1J \ duty to fully are of general nature,
privilege to be protected
} Understood to this rule unless where, notice of ihca
tobe ,
---- be "of force in the State, so far any other how than for a person
On the 13th day of January, 1851, the two exercised. the thettj; of the July, 1776i inconsistent to with the Constitution eligible, he is considered intending'to jacity:in the 'candidate hal been made under
and duty theare
- Houses convened in joint-meeting, fifty-eight It is the right review judgment, of as and laws of the United States and the acts throw his vote away, and as consenting to the circumstances calculated to counteract that noa.

Seuton and Representatives being present, Senate, in this case, to Legislature; ; the General Assembl'oftheState.-ThOmp-( ; deciSion of those who have. and express a; choIcetot ice, and impress the electors that there was
'fifty-nine being the total ,number of both the Presiding Officer of the Fbi of of Florida ch 6, eligible person. And, this is the case no legal foundation its"support, The.fol: *
members son's of the Laws ; p. jan '
the twenty-nine r Digest
Booses the Journals the and if the choice the number who thus withhold or lowing decisions haie'occurred npoI this
eamy enn'where
,) when, as appears by Was introduced into force by
) the candidate in nomination, 21.) This,of course,, '
l took : who voted for elections throw their votes constitute a majority : 18Iourn.,121 613-.1'1 Doug.:41iLUll. : -
following of
ris proceedings place election to con- the common law away '
as an statutory provision, \ Clifford
be respected :> 689
to 38 Jonin. ll
entitled The mode of **-mv ; ;
only ;
the elective assembly. *wv vj |
AssemWjr 4th of -
to July ;
th General -
Extract choice ,
of of in England.prior
lie Journal of existing
l from firm'and protect their lawful privilege as the defeating the election of one eligible candidateis 222; 61, 342, 35;: 360.,;,.I.Perk., 526.;4 Doug:
; the 13th day of January, the office; act has been passed by ' /
ot oj Florida, for and the right of their nominee to 1776; and as no different by toting for another who Is eligible, or supposed 87; 2Lud 269. : .. ; -

L 1851. Was, then, the candidate In nomination (the General AsaembJyroTjdin any election of a tobe so. The object of notice,"'says Male, "is to bnD.tthe
:Del &:()D motion of Mr.Milton, person voted for) elected or not upon the Tote "manner57 of proceeding in the the'rule or This was thb common law of En gland," i'Jor law and'fact of the incapacity of the candi*

pre "A committee of three' consisting of Messrs. before set forth t Senator, the common law furnishes And to the 4th July 1776," as established by the date immediately;:Within the knowledge
it the '
elect Legislature.
anP Hilton Baker, and Wafdlnw, was appointed .If the body toting competent to manner prescribed the State judicial and parliamentary decisions of this observation of the.electors,and hereby totuke;
to wait upon the Senate and inform that body he was by the Constitttlion.eligible for the office I the common law harmonizes.. wintry and is consistent with reason, common ,hem award ofthemisapplicat1onoftheIr-Tote! ;.
m e tf the readiness of the House to proceed to the and if the,totes given for him (he being : constitution sense, and a just policy. after which if they persist L jsuch misapplica'
dectionof United States Senator and other of- the,only person toted for) were sufficient for "The general' rule is, that to make a quorumOf The elementary, ,writers state the law as tion'they'Jdit 'of their own- wfbng, and'the}

leers, according resolution previously adopted election without doubt he was elected. a select and definite body of men. possessing follows i : consequent loss of their franchise is their owjitolrihtary

hy the two Houses.: Uponthe' first two points no question Is the power to cleat, a majority, at least, must be I "Ati?r ail. ejectIon has been properly,-pro-. acl}>r-.Male: onflecti. nsJ lyi. : -. .

"A committee from the Senate, annuuced nised. rresent; and then a 'majority of the quorum I whoever has majority of those who The evidence that..the'common law,'of elec-.
ttH the Senate would be ready in a few minutes The'last is" the material polnt'in the cases. may decide."-'(Exparte YVillcock, 7 Cowen : posed rote ;the assembly being suffcient elected ions: teas'stated. (0,be bythe elementary .

- to proceed to said lections.clhe namely : Were the votes given for him suffitbJstnatortfJom IU 409.) The" court cites 2 Kyd on Corp" ':, 111 j although, a majority of. the entire assemblyaU writers.Is,'fufnuhed by repeated :decisions'of -

Senate entered the Hall, and the Pres- cient for election lib.,401,411:: ;' Cowp.; 2S. .- abstain from,toting because their the'Cburt'of Boiig'gBenchi'nlwhich: ills decliif

Ii Mert,upon invitation of the Speaker, took the ofthe United states directs "A majority of a. definite number must be together suffices to constitute the; elective.body, ed t each State to. be' "chosen by; present,and. then a majority of_the quorum presence to, their own fault, [ liord Hardwicke: ; Chief'Justice Lee, Itt.
Lbits' ; announced the object ", lde.2'-(2( Kent's Com.,293.) and if tbeYr neglect ?raiker'toni Mansfield Lord !te DJLoidLEldon'
'The th.ereof. I. :
President having the elt .lature. may 1aw.- and shall ,not invalidate, ,the act Of the others, chic( : J
tt joint meeting and that the. election forSeattor The Legislature or a State Is a local domestic This is the statement of the common bufbe'construed a 1. uent to the determination (Lotd'Ellenborough,: aid" Ch.vJ.
Iii .
of the State
the State. It Isa department This then/became the !tatut6IaW of -' :p-' *l :
of ? And Abbott .
ftkflODD was now in order; institution the ImanDel" of the majority ofthcao who'do'T ote. ; ; jThOisbflIritho
Milton nominated David L. Y lce.. for its interns.1 government. The' constitution and was a mandatory prescription of such .election is Valid,- 'though the malbrity Mayor and'aldermen1 -
an ,
f\ omce. the State:Is the law of its exbtenc;, When, electing, which could onl/'be repealedor those whose ia necessary to the as- of.Bath;decided Iuth Court of King's. "
i fn'accordance of presence
U % first tote resulted as follows: the' choice of Senator from a State is altered by a statute'passed stitutlOD semblyi ,protest against' any,.election'at that Bench,,1.3 George.ll;(long.before '1776J'presenttffeHy'tWi' '''
SmrnSSd the pro- forms directed in the State con : : state of the com on lay as
.& it Messrs.Irro'ln to "the legislature thereof with.tb the election of the individualwhohastheinajOrityof applicable -
cLuSent7ie-Mr'Prealde even '
r in the bill which ) : .It lathe .. .
Hillsborougb' vieion refers,to that body as namely: a ,thebnlyman to all elections more desert
of Columbia, Brown of and acting according several days, the yeas and nays upon the [ bef ;.S"''cbnclusiyVof 'the
Terry constitution of the State, which prevent his election is fei C&J: egarded
in can
forward Johnson'Maxwell,' MOIely btherwse,it of which has been takeri and entered ner they 'fi .1udm32
tothelswpfIti creation. Acting final passage other qualified personr-**- Jaw:wasj: ; from: thit i tlttatedih 3 ; -
ast Tsy1'cr-9.l H,twe-Mr.:-Speaker, Messrs. and II'no' and which has been by voting for some ,
of the State. thejournahs, 1T824thattbofl1bec tioi easobi the fltou&
authority Mun
the upon 9$ Glover on *
inirtk is without and.Ames on Corp* J
ifeno a, Bennett, Bradley, ..: the Governor;re-passed, if dis f Angell I ''upon'thettoc'tiiniw. "
? Commons'
John' Cthe authority there f. approved ? ., .' 222; Wllc k" onMnn...Corpv; 16-Hr proceeded 5
K Corp.
,Pinlayson, IlaweYamesB: ; MilBfflitb constitutIon of ,FloridA, hi creating a approved by him. ; is that all'the members present :. iabllshed in that Case.1 .(3 Laden 'Eltetioni.. ,
tb Y.Jones, Keuaa. JtncrelH/Lot/ agbee: The ordInstha"maiorIt ; n conclusion Is that according totf1.: staU "The: presumption ; t t'L._ *
The is S23 c1'32j.f.t .
to Ward- Legislative Department, who observe silence) when question >f
,T 1 ", Stfcndley, 8tIT&ylOifld oench Houseaball.. .confute! .a quorum. : todoDuainesS. ute of Florida, I there being a majorityof the puthonour; with'the majority,pi,those.who'actually The"facts in the case wer> as follows By.the-
d -20- Total, 29. ." members composing the Legislature prewnt, 'that If Jhe question be put ai. 'charter.'thV tiectlbfi:"o t'C.mmbn Councilmen. 1
Tote is .
ii 'BUiisuc..Mcssrs Austlo J. Atery, ofa Senator JIiDaci a part of the"busIness" and'eonsequtntly a competent quorum; and in aiiisjorltrOftht ; diMy and dlstnctIy4ngfl-; .and AmesonCoru.4C0. j was to be1 byt1ie Mayor1 Kecordef/'Aldertoea', :.
eboIc* concurred
: rit'n, Buddlngton; CWtOTdF1n1e7t0r : -, :Tbe by the Condl o- quorum having; "4.. and Cbnitaon' Couticnmea7o* rai MAOX >ARTor'TkiiiPTBiH I
Legislature ) -
r \ 'H,." .- of the otthi'ca'ndldat nomination, he iTheMandtfe ;
'and 8tewart-id ( 8tates to which lloridabu&cceded the choke 'Iftotes are.given to a candidate who la not i rtisttt:_ 5
.Jen, I ker,'Battle, tDro-, : wen,; tion of the United -, iraa'duly'elected ,Senator; unless-the\ 'answer"blankmade eligible, It!Is the same'as if'they were giv '
14y Bryant, Ferguson, Geiger Jtopklns,1 uto'do any0ther"tUslnesa,".the by twenty-nlnemembcrsupon; a dead man, and the law considers them thrown actonp.beIngaUeibltdfor '.b13ptee, I
: d, Long Mathers, ,)[axweI1McClhiey ; ; { To do that eta,maJodt1 of each Iouzsisn'4e the call of their names, should' be regwrdedr otters as away, or not given'at all; ,nd will give the seat TaylbrvBi and Klngston{were oposedaOailIJateS.B1Zt : ,

t 8cott.8htn., Turner.,'and IffUkinson. preatnce the constitution ,ot.1e\ State "iereati gshe..IIlcfihe twenty-nine. f t to tne,peat oLtb polI.--hleywood,Cases in behtlJitlther.:1Ul1ab-:
tbso.. Tota" 29." .. sufficient b1 bet4g1si1tUTe.A. .' who declared acholce.Therecord ; .- ; Bogeys.-L and4r.fElections Uaafc nor freemafij al thearter.q4rtdsa
ndabf4 quoted | ;
the order at'' ,
which,c1ested& shows that under, not'.
T ; lie-Presiding of that :Objected against tift dIaqi1ifi4petsODi j I
jon \ state; : tote ns3ority
of the being ,p resent, a : 'memberwrusembled in )' i < ad'lt1"0& Ta)
OBeer, under the impression that,amajorityofJW.tae jrUm jacompittat,upont : prfnciplesfifjcommon thetsOBOU1-th'r, the llJt.the,assembly b,. duly.convenedand. themujorityvoto wit1aIUn I'.b.b: ; moyedfoi'sDisndamnF.dmitte4
aIayspecifladtoexecte .
quorUin joint meeting on 18- t.ndEIngton,4J-ftalo ..
r, e 4ter Ion) ,
} 1"I) D PJlrop for an.unquali-\ l pet't *
m beis. ltCtedt9JrIts:( 1a &o.doaU : candidate yss, : ; ; totbe '.1.71k'
; C1
'.SciaU7 to make'an election,:announced. TIU, Carren th.DtClt; a ,.Jujorityofa duty:of ejecttnrSenator. en notice that.he }aoqqahIfic4 i i t t }.''" : : -
A 'Maoelectionirhe"errWla; : ".thli'JoBreij: to the bocJ1-s.. ..FoiD $ ; m q h ; throWAaway... ; mt,, !!lIlfJ pqt ,defendant! |tt m"flf1Ifrit."W.di. tt u ; t tI tI I-
: ql1or !!
!'! : I
Il1n3u U be the'cast, and If In fact n"IePF-eia! 9f .f1Jf g T7p! :: )! :.1Jlep1. t\ .
tI andC -laYia1 ',PQ )
vote wat legal election, S




; _:' ., .. -_. ---h .. -.:-;. .,. ...- k J"A !
-' "

i iI

'. j 1t. _,,. ,J.". ., .-... -" .' ." ..,.'. .w"7".t"! .- 'i"t'-.,;.. '
t I'iJ"- r -
;-- --- VJ .4 .$cnth&roIInaj en'. t tat I .- -"t ", '. ".-,..:
., At the trial, Lee, Ch. Jn directed i.i Jo1'1. 1 .iIn the em of. Claridge w.Enljn' .ih n be j eU i ft )1. 3 r9f giving bJDI(totirader ,
\ : "that If they wen satisfied that the 1e.torsb.d I etBarnWeU&'AIdersOn'.Reps,81.) Stat shalL In the !rat .Vivid&XaCU15t\ iieW York, and cmae1td: ,tban'i Orl "
r notice of Bigg's want of qualification, .they i wen ft* fbllewsi j dlemllelnsfn ,order shill to Georgia. 0 \ 3 t de cboc., c1pbl. trifling,er tU 3 .

)p f should find for the plaintiff; because Bigg,not The office of Clerk ef Court of Ute State" ; aDd It the The question wai. decUredtobe decided In 11 par '! for an.opportii2
being qualified,was to be considered as a person i ing vacant the commissioners of the necessary by the affirm'the. .1 "J! the ll.8b.cho of 4'roteVisuramate Itl
not in tilt, and the voting for him a mie'culi.ty ceeded to an, election. Crow and one or more persons bal- 'on a question:(moed and seconded) an Intngue Neithr Us't) 5
', ; and that those who did vote for him were i the candidates. The of Crow to be tellers of the whether the Toteto standing was determinedInthe tivea deserves Jtpre nor should pernii:
\ nonage
to be considered &. virtually :sansenling to the fied to the electors by the opposite pan each be State made is and ascertained in case affirmative, .it.wu decided aa follows. defeat a choi 'h! strong lf uii '\
i election of 2"aylor/
; be to discourage,
votes stood-Crow 87 Clandge 44. disappointing uc" "J
: The Jury found a verdict for the ; be for one person, then thatitwas: New : t
I plaintiff declared by the commissioners to be "Yea:Massachusetts, Connecticut tices. he
wrItten on
: shall be '
Taylor and was returned, admitted, and acted ballots Jersey, Pennsylvania ,Delaware, Maryland, The bjeionmij occnr lo soire minds', f
I Afterward, Holling3 as counsel for BIg, Claridge brought the case before the ; and in case the woni North Carolina South Carolina, and Georgia a casual : subject .balt| 't'

zaovei the court in banc fora new trial,on the Bench, of which, at the time, Abbott .divided, then the and -9. rotes are .rejected, ,in' this ,case, .
.. 1' foot of a misdirection to the jury in point ort. Justice. Nonage was dcciJed to be a on each duplicate in the "Nags-New York, Virgin1s2PV0Ut5Fed.Convp.161. ( .would fail for want ot a quorum. 'b e1tf.

law: "Because the majority voting for Bigg fication, and the court, 'Without be deposited This' at once removed by tie fa
though not qualified, yet Taylor could not be creed that Claridge was elected, and ?\ [ in boxes to be Jtwillbeseenthatthere were sieves 'tjtfffully that the voting was 'vita ,t; andshows

'I' duly elected ; for the charter requires that eve- ment fir him to be admitted to the the represented, of which six were the prtsenceofifl.tiht the\n
ry person elected mutt be elected by the major- of the United States '
, Other in the courts three-State which rule 01
cases Engliih greater numb r. The wel1.tle .fa
then the States was
ity He admitted that if the of
majority In5reu'
t ; bad not zing the same principles, might be were divided In vote, or, in"other words,which number is present,constitute an .
all had ftfcii
f at Taylor it is useless accumulate authorities. stood voted blank-(for it il 'equi\'Alent.-haYing dy, any number who Tote can ,
; been duly elected because silence the vote etnjij.
; gives con- .
tent with the evidence which these counted n, ff-, majority of 'those
opinion no choice-were not though present' .
no sb,
sent. For where six States
persons have a right to vote for Burr ,
; the courts furnish as to the 11ot treated as or cementingin from Totingor protestajainst the
and waive that and VE'r- lively eleetMu.
right and not Tote at all thatamounts '!-Maryland '
the established practice of the British determination of those who had esrres- The caseofRexT/.FeJCrof' is
the directly
to the concur- in poij
I a constructive consent. But here ('n State-, .
ment.As red opinion or choice. In that case the number_ that voted for
the an
voted Mary
majority for Bigg and although he r, ton choice. frj.
i' far back as 1661, more than a So reasonable is the rule of the, common grave was than a quorum, nnd tl e
was not that whose votes !
qualified, yet amounts to an express '? :
before the 4th July, 1776, (and for Jefferson law, that all people who use the process of r protested in writing: Tbe case of rrt
negative against Taylor for they had no four
; search will show much earlier cases1)) election votes seem to concur in practice.- Withers in also in point. To the
other way of voting against him but by giving tbe thirty-'ixlh ballot I by some. tftt
by was rejected and the next on poll
Romans of the ancient nations I other authorities.
As the
their votes for another; and Bigg being elected the Maryland Re were are
I' in fact, his want of qualification cannot give npon the principle stnted in the votes for Jefferson and most enlightened in jurisprudence and politics "After"an election has been'properly p, '

,U Tayler a right, who had not the majority but L:1ncastcrconteted in the contested election election case'between And vote of the State was their practice under the Republic elections sell, whoever has a majority of those ,irj C
i rliJ
makes the election void in toto," &c. and Mr. Tuffnell whore I Jeffereon. If Ih* four seemed to deserve examination. (theAssrmbJy being sufficient) !s cit cted,5711 .
Comyns and The Roman people were divided ( knownto a majority cf the entire lg ,
Lloyd. e contra contended. 'that as Bigg was 215 rotes and Tuff'ne1l169. the pome el ns negativing Assembly cltogukcrei.stain .
not qualified, nnd the electors bad notice of it, and it appearing that the for Jefferson, the i those who are familiar with their institutions from voting: because their pr tntce nftts j
I it T7as tho same as if the persons who voted for lion of ComynS notified to the this rule would neces- ) into Centuries. Their magistrates were( to eonstUute1hee1eCteVeatYVandto if tbey Drjirt

luni had not voted at all, and consequently was rejected and Tuffnell seated. rtt'd "tlin ell." Yet, elected principally at the Comitla Centunata. Tote, it is their own limIt and Iht&lloc is.; .

4 were virtually consenting to the election of To show the undevinting course of ; : throughout the coun. Persons became legal candidates, only after a validate the net of the but ccnstnftl

, Taylor;" and ho proceeded to adduce the authority in this line, I will give a list of cases heard of the correct- certain prescribed 'formality. When, an dec- an nssent to the determination of th nwjcrity
t of precedent decisions. The report tbe same principle, which have fallen tion was to be held, the Cinturies.baTing assembled of those who do vote."-(Anjrell Amtscn '

proceeds as fellows! : eye, running from the earliest $ to Mr. Madif from I and the preliminary ceremonies completed Corp'n, 9:; Glover'on Municipal

f I I, .Pace, Chappel, and Wright, Justices, agreed to 1835: after the result, in a the names of tbe candidates were an- Wilcock Mnn. Corp'ns, 216.) COtJn21 I

witn tao umer Justice that mis' was- a Gordon ejected and Johnstone the 1801.. says:_ nouncd by the magistrate- who presided.- In the case of the Commonwealth rs. Green V

,It T right verdict ; for, as the fourteen electors who poll, seated.-I Lnder Elections, } tll put in tour niatKR, There were one hundred and ninety-three 4 barton's Reps. pp. C89. 5S1. (fcrcicirf t, voJed for Bigg had notice that he was not qualified ticket Of their col- Centuries. Each Century voted separately, the division of the Presbyterian Cbortl'
38 Journ. 245 415
15 689. )
their votes were thrown away. And suppose General Skene and Stnte." nnd what pleased a mnjority was declared by :I I known c New and Old Scbo1.-Jutice.) )1It
had voted that election of President herald to be the vote of, that Century. Ibe the follows
they jury
negatively Taylor gers the
chnrt"d a upon effect,
next on poll seated.-1 Luder 4ii, 37 .
I should not be elected, yet his election by the was made in the concurrence of tbe greater number of Centu- of a to vote: 5''
) other thirteen had been good, for they cannot 560, 561. whereby Mr. Adams ics decided the election. If the ballots of a
"And here gentlemen wish
Ongley (465 votel) rejected, and you distinctly
vote a negative; and when they do Tote for a of Representatives Century were equally divided, its vote was not
(240 rotes) seated, in 1927'SLawson to understand, that it is the majority of these
not qualified it is the same thing as it instead of low declared but "itas recJcontd as nothing. and .
person ((9n Totes rejected on account who were entitled to vote, and nho arC
they had given no vote at all; and in that case a minor, and Lord Percy Seymore otherw'so: have been, no regard was pail to ballots for persons who,, ted, that is to, be counted on the DcJtYir.
it is would Lave not being nnnounced as candidate, were not el' q1e
not disputed but silence would have been likely he
which submitted roa
84 votes. Rogers L. & P. of Elections were to the House.
a constructive consent." New trial denied. Journ 673 Cockermouth ; igible., 1 his statement of their practice io elections tons ,

t The Charge of Chief Justice Lee to the Jury L. & P.of, Elec. 217. See also case a number; electors for New is gathered from Adams's Roman Antiquities And again :

.; l in the case of Taylor rs. Mayor and Aldermen ilar cases cited in Rogers's L. & P., elected by the Legisla who cites chiefly Cicero, Livy, Surto- 'When there n quorum ofmfmbusrum C

'.. of Bitb, is thus reported by Blaclcstono in the '11, '12. Bish (4:.> votes) rejected, as prescribed by niou, &c.There the moderator can: only (' hehi
. book heretofore referred to. He says: rotes was ns follows: Eac'-, can be no difficulty in applying the filly vote and not thC who To not choose 'is
((253 ) seated.-Rogers ns as rules cf tho. common law, as established in the : exercise their privilege of v Whenever :
"Upon the whole of this, Lord Ch.J. Lee,one many persons tiob. .
of the most cautious judges that ever presidedin 359.O'Dwyer (320 Totes rejected, and which they were to judicial decisions before cited, to tbe present I js-tvn Lord, Mansfield, electors present a&i; WA

a court and whoso judgements, are held in ((13! votes) seat.-Knapp & Ombler's Houses had not con case. The twenty-nine blanks were votps"thrown don't vote at nil, they virtually acquiesce ii
j the highest esteem, gave the following direction Cases 211.O'Conner. the necessary nw"'. If they were not votes at all, the rlf'fsior of those who do. And with tin' atro

to the jury: That if they were satisfied the ((1630 voles) rejected and to be chosen from per- then they could of course have no influence agrees one of the General Amenblyiitself. I.

r. electors bad notice of this want of qualification (1027 votes) st'nteJ.-Ib. 331. Cork of the lists. E.ic') one way or the other upon the result. If they which mu t he { minr to every metM .

in Bigg, that then the thirteen votes for Taylor Mosty ((52 vote) rejected, being a ticker. Upon were votes, they were votes knowingly and I her: 'Members ((30th ) ought not'without1

were to be looked upon as sufficient to deter Llored ((30 votes) tfed.-l Peck. 528. appeared that seven purposely given for an ineligible, or for a person weighty reasons to decline a this pe.:

_ mine the election in his favour; and he told in Word's L. & P. of Elec.,217 '18. ( ) had received ninety-_ not wsse-i* nonentity. In either case the tice might leave the decision cf very es
I, the jury that if they thought the fourteen had case. Adams elec, eligible person having the highest number of ing questions to aurraliproportion of "arre

. F voted for person rchom they Jcnero ttle unquali- John Baker and Samuel Fawbridge votes, for twenty. votes was duly elected cator1. Silent member unless excused frnn
; fed at the urns they rated for him, their votes ed for -! and three This result of the application of the common' .must be considered as acquiescing,
bribery. They were again
i ; must be considered as throrcn away, and they were and elected. Mr. Oipps and Sir John law of elections is entirely reasonable and I the majorityThis is not only the doctrine tf ala

j to I*deemed as not voting at all, or as consenting wood, (next on poll.) seated.- Male York Senate for consistent: with sound policy. the common lo ,ot the written law, as you lan:
t. to the election Taylor.. For that their dissent tions 356 Clifford 361. the number of votes The voting, be it remembered, was viva voce seen, but it is tbe doctrine of common ,

.... .. .! ecu! J no way bo regarded becausa their voting Sir, W. C.; Fairlie,ejected, and John. ,states"that three bal The two Houses had ordered 'the members to for without the benefit of this rule it would be. .

for a person not qualified was the same as it (next on poll) seated.-Leominster case; : neither ,of the tames proceed to choose a Senator. The President almost imprssible, certainly very inconvenient,,,' ate
thfy hid voted J or a per son Nor EXISTING er DEAD; and Dan. 3-12j Wordsworth's &c. had announced the business before the body to to transact s in a large assembly? "
- and therefore they could not be considered presiding at the be the choice of a Senator. A candidate, r.c-
The dcctrine
as ports, 87, 88. thus laid down by the ja voting: : ngninst, Mr Taylor. since no man could See also a lone list similar cases in .leader of the, Craw- cording to the common-law practice which prevails was notJtnie as law by nny. one concerned is. onrn
vu t ugalDst;IUUU1L but by Toting for SOMEBODY bcrs's Law and Practice of Election) suoimneu tilE in the Florida Legislature, wns.duly putin t the '

p-' ,: EISK. So that, on the whole, he considered der head of"Effect of Disqualification? if tbe twenty-five nomination. X>o opposing canatuaic was Let us take a very possible case in the :
these fourteen rotes as flung away, and of no- at p. 683, "Voles thrown arroy." not elected, cipi easing proposed. The twenty-nine members upon ate By the Constitution a cf S;
more avail than if they had not voted at all. The common law of elections as to be they were not. being called by name from the Clerk's desk to body constitutes a quorum to majority! i eta

In the case the of King 171. Foxcroft, 2 Bur the courts of England is confirmed and the"k ( before coming to a announce their choice for Senator, rP in' Suppose thirty.two Senators ( '] to ta."
I row's Reports 1017 the facts follows (16th November their places, and pronounced.the word (1 qnomn
were as : nized by the courts of this country. day ) "blnnk' assembled. The Senate comretent In Jct-:
I' The office of town clerk in Nottingham being The 5th #ec.of 4 art. 1st part of the passed a resolution What else could be intended but sinoss and is proceeding with it. .
r vacant, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common tion of Maine prescribes that TEAS to THREE minds were indifferent-tbat they had no then, upon n vote being about to be talcs ,*> ,
1! Councilmen convened to elect one. The whole in the Legislature shall recieve in following words, viz: choice-and having none could express none? ome ,0 to1515he
quoticn member
.. C. number of the body entitled to rote was twen- elect, *:a majority of'Cotes." of the Senr-t-.j) That It was simply equivalent to saying'. 'No choice,' excused from votirg, n or is uron M' rfqc"' role(ii
prrrJndfd by
t\lTe. Twenty-one assembled. A quorum Upon the occasion of a contested to wit : [naming and amounted to silence in the matter of a from voting on the I,'tkr
t" : d:' r present, Thomas Seagrare was put in the House of Representatives of that ] vctes on the choice Now the Jega presumption of silence, vote recorded particular question: !
, : nWiia:/iln, and no other person put in nomi- question was submitted by order of the and Assembly, that in nil time, has acyuvsence. It is the universal will be Iris than upon thepnn> gp of the qufsl3 at5ToeIt
a tie
n. tion acainst him. and familiar nil the world in quorum, yet. as
of the twenty-one to the Supreme Judicial Court which persons Toting;and 11 over, sliowtZe
. voted f">r LITJ. Tbe Twelve others refused to that "ballots having the names, of persons, to wit: [na the courts of LOT les than! in those of fil' body JftrtCf},a qDTUr. the ,
'i .
vote Eleven of them filed a written protest them who do not possess the ] received scvrnty- Law, that "sitEitcE.GIVES ClS'E: .;> And.that i In 'his"i the )
r a;;unst the election. The Mayor declared Sea- qualifications of a representative majority of'the signifi-- is the reasonable basis of the common low upon voted case. twenly.mne mfmbenurk

I grave elected, and an information: was filed in, counted nil vote?, under the 5th sec. of joint ballot, exclu tbe subjtc a declared in the decisions which dy from blank were virtually excused by tbri t
1 the Court of King's Bench in behalf of the part 1, of the constitution, so ns '0' courted, be and the quoted.Supposetbese voting ; but a the record shows tljir! ;nst'Tiv
I Kin,:. t.) cutt bin. The court unanimously mijority of the votes ,inn for eligiM duly nominated twenty-pine members, insteadof presence, the ['od, was still:competent to art.
t; sustiinsl the election Seigrave. Lori Mans- sons constituting A.choice."-7 Maine President and Vice saying blank, bad sid Nobody 1 'or No J'or, -- -'' -. ,' "
fid. Ch.J. sai. : -Whenever electors are present 497. States for this State: Bah! 01 had voted for a woman or for Koesutb, j rJ'lo1-//e NiT' ,]8SLi ,
f and do not vote at alL they virtually acquiesce The doctrine of the eases of : the Assembly concur' or for a dead man, would not everybody at Mr.'Poirrett-Th> you tbat for, reral QQ

in the election made by those who do.. Wainwright, Rex, rs. Foxcroft & the Assembly once perceive i was simply and actually an years I b ve' suffered much at different tawt ,itt

f Justice Wilmot referred, in the opinion he and directly recognized and confirmed ; twelve o'clock this abandonment, or disuse, or abuse, of their privilege from Chronic Dahca I bare tried. vonr Indiu dietdedi
J expressed fn this case, to the cases of King vs. Supreme Court of l.1ss3chsetts.-Fjrst I of the re which was tntlmoulto silence 1 And Loxenr reeind an entire relief' *rd biTt
. Withers,.HiL 8 Oeo. IL and the "blank" has rt to doubt its being Berensf
Queen 'VI.BoaI in Sadbury vs. Stearns, 21 Picket ing's appointed by the yet n much as either it to be a duty which I rer neJt
owe to the
I t coweD, Pasc. 13. Ann. ports. of these answers. have had. sent this afiet.1 prt- Jee:
you certificate which
i The cise of King vs. Withers, which decided It is 'The Constitution gives to the yon I!O.
was nho
recognized by the Supreme being transmitted to Legislature the think proper. I will jdro! ray, that in ecnversrf IQ.)
; by the King's Bench while I.oV r- in New Jersey.-See Sax ton's in by a rote of privilege to choose a Senator. The privilege is with many who have used your I bwj
wicke was Chief Justice, is thus related by ports. to choose. To choose is to prefer, to select one not found one who did not.rece'v r"lie'tdieic T1Con

r Blackstone: And has been recognized in the Senate reso- in preference to another., When, by the decree C.LET, :

". t "This was an information in the nature or A New York, and'other States No I the Speaker of the Legislature, an election is begun, Pastor Methodist Church,.Jack5onv3I So \

quo rcarranto, against one Withers, for taking cision exists that I can find.' : s of the joint each member of the body has the right! to express '1I0t]

; i upon him the office of one of the capital burgesses The leading parliamentary practice of ; Hossmer offered a a choice but he has nonegatheupon the Boarding at Blandario.M .
! f of W. It appeared on showing cause, country is in conformity with the ticket for elector choice of others except by a different choice. or ttocoa

: / t that by the ancient usage of the borough whenever and doctrine prevailing in England. and upwards, be The righ. each member has to "chclis THE'SUBSCRIBERS ''a
. I there was a vacancy of a capital burgess, may be occasional exceptions, but where resolution passed- ; choice, expressed cannot be balanced public that theY have wnnt ST1
; the Mayor had aright to nominate two persons occur they are either to be traced to a by an insignificant utterance y icc'. ;BOARDING HOUSE at Mandarin. Dnval t
( Ii i out of which two persons, and no other the statute, or result from ignorance of tbe fmUet1,nnd elected. The word blank,"' as applied to the choice of ;FJorda formerly kept by Mr. C.Read and tk& I ILt.
"r Mayor nnd Burgesses choose one to fill the va practice of elections. Complete ticket. nn officer of Government,is'without any.' ni- prepared to accommodate comfortably .(
I f The defendant The two TifofiPftf ftnrnf. rxiliimA of ficancy. It no,more ,trim may board. _. t\vfffam__<%.." .>..1. 4r.a ,L_ ,
cancy. .Withers, and another, -! ----- -. one hundred and means no'than 'ves? 01 -" -- A." .. 1 1l
I'.UA. '
nominated oy me Mayor,pursuant to me practice in this country, are the Senate 1 ,on the s'Jt} ct, means sun, or moon, or-anything.else. Cas moderate. l U"h
I I custom. The defendant had five rotes,and the House of Representatives, composing !eri their distent to I Ii simply implies nothing. It'is certain it has Nor. 22, 1831. PETTY & ACOSTA.
other person nominated bad but one.- gress of the United States.In } Legislature; and no meaning of choice, and therefore can'weigh 3m i;

: Bat there were six other burgesses who insis the Senate, the 34th rule is In the wit: the pl8:1geof nothing ngintt'a meaning and positive signifi- For Sale hit!

J ted to rote, and did vote, for a person not nom. ing words: ; five dissentients cation of choice. 1'IlHERESIDENCE if JtI:

I I mated by the mayor. Tbe Mayor however, re. ':In the appointment of the standing But if the act of the tw.e ty.n'e' blank mem. J. Episcopal Church.of 'he Persons sbn e.rear.Of ti s

fused to take the poll for the person not nominated tees, the Senate will proceed by: ballot, decision was made bers amounts to a vote, it ia plainly !vote for gain are invited to examine the wilhn1: ,

i by him The court held that the six ally to appoint the chairman of ,each -after full deb:jte anon.eligible.-and of course'known. by them good.and, possession given lI1emeoOY

Totes for the person not nominated by the tee, and then byonc ballot, tho other which the two par to be so. J. M.

I i Mayor were thrown away, and on that foundation necessary to complete the same; and a 1 (.. were. nrriyed a- t'The(.on ; fixes p,:'inl',the qualifica 'Jaekonvi11e'Nov.22,1851. D.\NL u rorty'agrahotbI ;
discharged the rule. of the whole number ofvotn'giren shH be st heated nnd bitter tions eta Senator. .

i The case of Regina rs. Boscownn is thus'stated sary to the choice. of a chairman. of a ion'tot lie highest of P..r. 3"sec.,3,,mt.U "No person fhall be a [ Burial Notice. "
; by the counsel in the case of Taylor May committee. fi.ct, itr,is evident I Senator who $h Unot, have*attained. ,to thence V A LL PERSONS are hereby'forbidden from' fnl

or, &&,of Bath. It was cited to the court from Yet blank ,rotes are never regarded in 1 for the other clev- ofthirty years, and b f bin,ytu'ltizm.of J.1 terrirg any'more'eorrpes in the burial '

a note of Mr. Weargs; Senate determining the result of an .If party was in a mi!- theUnited State*,,nud 1hosb on'the bin near the Episcopal Church tbetowa

"Bosco WAn and one Roberts had each ten I under that rule. f I ted be a* inhabitant of that Siate. for which. he of Jacksonville, as the same is my
rotes at the election of a Burgess for the corporation In 'the House of Representatives the precedent The I shall be chosen." : the and has never been conveyed to prnteprop.
of the
i I of Truro; but Boscowan not being an I went' of the body as to the right law of ,persons,,not eligible i No one will pretend that the ,members who raid use lot will be public. A11 .further trerpasm d

Inhabitant according to the charter, Parker, I is embodied in an express rule. a...blank. vote as a voted for,Blank were not fully awire that their get to have rele.a I..mdeterminednoloa', th t
Cb.J., held that the ,rotes that given for him The 11th rule of tho'Honseof' vote wus not given for &ijeron'; thus with impunity.( property appropriated MARIA bY ote

were thrown away, and the other duly elec. tires is in the following words: aln nil :Sofa similar nature. And if the consequence their CO u'Ialid.1 Nov. 22, 1851: ,t \ "-. ,DG ]

ted." cases of ballot than for committees, a mj tur and other be different, ,from what some of them.. .._, tie'
I I In the case of Rex t*. Hawkins 10 .East's I eftfa totes given halIbe, necessary nn to wy knowledge. ,wished, they oannotcoiplain.', They-had" -!. :Eastern Circuit. of Florida. knfIttom

Reps 210. At an election for an;Alderman I flea;'and where there shall not be such a to, !these. great opportubiyt choice. .It,was' their.: f! '
II for the borough Saltmarsh,twenty-two rotes I jority on tbe,first ballot the ballot shall m their :national expressed ,no.'choicer ,duty CaijRTfor: DUYJi COUNTS

I wire given for Hawkins (who was decided to pented until a mnjority be obtained;'And induce. ,careful ,re not even,propose.a candidate'in :'nomination! ; In Chancery.....Bill:.t, Complaint !
be disqualified) and eighteen for Spicer. Lord balloting blanks shall be rejected end not ', They,willing and 'wiuingIyfiIedtone their Galnes,
: Frc
Ellenborough, giving the opinion of the court,p into.the count in the enumeration of vote, nor of a .similar, deci' right, and thus vinually. in'concmflittjon! of : ,
1}c' decided that Spi r was elected and so decreed. ported' by the tellers." : sagff nnd philoso law, us theyk were bound. know, abandoned ,Samuel Turner and Jane B.Turner,his wift.' .

: The case was afterwards taken by appeal to; The eoramon-low rule in elections his Cmwtjtuijon t of 4he :the decision to'those:*ho:'dt4 'use their TT appeariujr to the'n.tigf&etlenfthc' 'Coast.Hf,
; the House of, Lords, and was confirmed, thus applied in this'countrl" upon two imp ; : ') voting in'that bqdy \l'nn', cnstitutLnunlnni1dt1fuI manner right_ Tbo &Booe''! ,! Judge, pmidirg tbat W? litreb1
settling by the highest authority the law upon And memorable occasions the,election of w' It is tbs policy'6f Gdvernment, :'to kc the S Defendants reside out of liid State;ca motion" efO, a
I the subject-(See Dow's highest officer --.L.. ra Folioltorfor
Reports.) of the Federal Oovernrn nt. > execution of public duties Ea. Complainant "V .e
hnIrJco1\siat .o the prmM and 'Jt
I In On the occasion 'A ? Or '. That publication ilirj"
the the fth
ease of Oldknow WainWright election of a j"pracllceL.hirh>inbniw .
(reported States said
n : and,1I11 eg or nullifies Bin Te111tohobeWal
in 1 by the House of Representatives : thnctjon of .t those ) Complamtbe mad in'tome nsiPPCpritt41n '
Blackstone's in
..- Reports 229,) the 1801, by the 'rfatinamlier | the
facts of,which:were the same ai in the ease of doty,having devolved' upon'that body' ,rfJv-Jour- mnrh'or"" l |hi the$ : 1/1"1) :: .the the and time prescribed r 1

1 L Foxcroft, the reporter' thus gives the action of thefgllureotin election'by the popular )ge<52 j he disconntDnte. The choioe of a ;Senior; .I,f'r.un mae faid Irrce 'lib 0

the King's Beach: of follows the States' *,'It 'was resolved by, the House : House.of Represon- 'Ian antt. f\Vben, byf previous a here rfr4 t and a&iv?' ado
: orderof aid Bill ap.
the "
1 UTA nhoJe ti*
court agrtd. ,The ,election Is "That and appro :, L"gi,1"\lr th members proeed. date ft
the to !
clearlyood. The eleven following roles be observed in :the Contention the lnt'.d uty, parrtf the b dbobld ofthispubheatienortbe cam, ,* skill b$
protestant dissenters, choice be a). '
i I1 by the House"of Representatives .eonfese '
1 voted l.w aganthem. t
t/- having for nobody could ; In'r and > '
,, not put a Decal President of the United States ieirbrolde.reJt nullifyifg) : in. EonThos4logIu to
ft l whoso execution. Judge,
.Ii tive upon the only manput nomination.". term : rae1t.De1aw:1r: o:b ::
zi .. Wilmot, 1. ',cited authority show commerfce: the 4th' day March ;next," ". to 'bife' irltg their ;By fteour.g 'S a'r$ 1
; ;
that :
: ?6th.: :In.: balloting the followtnrju3de 1 ? I f j 55 ;'p ** I ,.
,<;" where a majority do nothing',. but j&mlydis. be obsertedj to wit: The Representatives : ', !! the membersof a'Legislature .I hereby certify that the,'abovo o is atn **' humtu
lint < : Q.r this nr,dent'a.t coujd defeat ft r ej. .
J 17IwwUtirYptej. n ,jz :.: 'respeetife, BUtef'thjOI : Tol7 forerer presenJation'inme! ,Senate eorct'eop'o t ia'order pa ffle far oflc*; thJ4;
.:: 'besofeated/lbit ; p-U3".J in N '
of ;
New York e -4 I to'theSrl. def"nce., tb,6se who"' in obedience '20t:-oyebe.173 1851. I. V. GiBNIK*.*s 111
datieldew to7eifcntd the j .CerkCJu&enDe"
.ttj L: : ': !

: .


i 4


. ,J' J -

; ed by tk.thdpfoletan.'8otttzerq'D) :, 1. J :
."Tb1Ntttl -t-
TH 'EwS. : . U'7 :
a > : '
: r j .I t: ;? i'
V {
".. protest ,against tInJaai1ce of .4rioa 1 t ::1 ,
Boring tale oHh. York
l ." '
I. ," .the- adjustBent=they, ,forewarned .theii Whig Lqbl&twl'etp.e was passed- in6nrrii t tJ INDSm ST .
|, .
C .
countrymen of the dangers to. the Union thai ? :
. aSUte debtbl' nfeYmfllloniof dollars forthienlargement .
.i. muss,result from the .fa rod ct o'jAto our : ; I ..,
? ,of the. .Erie ,i.riDg the} to i DJI'KOSTrlmTAIN'. AND 3A'm ) t ;
.:1 system of a principle,destwctiTe.of the equal!. election, the WhIgpaPen throughout the State P POB THE CURB OP -J. s x .:

1.II t1 of the States, and -they -eatAeatl1ln\'Oked held'up this tempting bait to catch the Totes ot, : Ctoalo JMarrlicBa :az& Dysentery ,
the co-operiLtionot'the :
Southern States .
:. in
.s 'FLAt plan of resistance "' a the 'laboring clrsses.who were told that Auction Notice. .* Which has ever teen presented tt I IIi ptJit*. It
-JACKSOmrJLLE ,which "ould give ndemnity ; I
'$ OgOO a day would\ bo disbursed to them for ',- 'WILtilBE SOLD } stands ptn its tvn merits,cndiueds no pvg.IT -
) for the past and security.for the future." AT PDBLK
c WoTcmtcr 22, 1851 This three years, at high wages. for labor on the canal t AUCTION on the North Beach,of ?* IT HAS'NOT ,FAILED ,TO CUBE,;IN,A

is uturday, appeal to the So thern'people was not ,"if they,would support'the Whig' free-soil .Amelia.:Island, East Florida.; on SINGLE ]1STANCE, .U 1 .'
s4 Tuesday, the 25th of November last '
responded to. The late elections in several of '
, = AGENTS FOR THE NEWS. the ticket. But the result of the election proves the Brig PRANK with her lower: THIS Valuable preparation is compounded .
: Southern States, and other indications of masta and several medicinal roots In
that the thought it would be safer to 1 ngsttandingsasahenowL'esstrandedon growing
{u. Wjj.JOHBKA D, Tallahassee Fla. popular sentiment not to be m mistaken people Amelia Itland Beach. 'I'the Wilds of Florida li is' rtJEtLT and Mick : t <

S\;. j. 0. ReA15- 1', Ocn a, Fla. conclusively, that the people are prove to trust the disbursement' of this largo sum to i AFTERWARDS. loT Vegetable, and designed' :ssrtcuti/r for the
4 DARLING Eq. Tamps, Fla. in ac- Democrats than to Whigs and hare very judi. On the same day,' SC M.'.Oa,aft the spars, cure of the above disease. ,The Inventor ADd : ..

JoB Newninsville Fla. jjuiesce past aggressions and await further ciously elected a Democratic canal board and rigging, sails stores, and materials saved from said Proprietor is fully convinced that it is an invaluable -

; GM. S. RusULL developments of sectional hostiJitI.before they the Brig. Sale by ._ Medicine. In, fact the test that he

t\ B. RKBY, Eq Garey's Ferry, Fla. make their find stand for the of the unfortunate Whigs hare been raising JOHN BESSE. T. Auelione-r, has given it in the town in which he resides, ; '

CENTER Esq St. Augustine, Fla. their protection wind to fill Democratic sails.;" 'Sic tos, non For the benefit of all concerned. Terms, cash. 01 and,the astonishing sucpst with which it has '
GEO. 11I1ingrights. the
N of sale.
Tliia'UI1 bewise day
may met, warrants him in IU1Iing'thnt it is POSI
r1l1i1 &c a
' ', STEELE Cedar Keys Fla. Nov. 22 it
JadEe A. or it may turn out to be unwise; but at 1851. ,TIVE CURE. He has, therefcro tome to the -

r S GIJ'stb E<>(lt Pi'a'ka' Fla. all events it is the fiat of the sovereign will.. The Ladles' National Magazine, Determination to place within the reach of

J. JffcRobert Baker all, knowing how many suffer'with this
and i it is very
a fundamental principle of the Democratic Edited in Philadelphia by Mrs. Ann 8. Stephensand ,
t. of Mr. Ynlee to the unpleasant and often dangerous Disease,particularly .
; of
address people ATTORNEY COrJNSELLOR.A.7' ; ;
The creed that the people's will is the law. Peterson. The Edton; II ray_The in the Southern and Western States.

. .;des and his argument in the case of the eon- If there is any hop ohe ic toiftion and Ladies' National Magazine trll: be greatly improved JACKSONVILLE. E. FLA. In purchasing ray INDIAN LOXECUST be

atin the fenatetakes up so largo a space practice in the Courts of the Eastern Ju particular and look for xmttea '
.r i -td preservation of the rights of the Sooth, and In 1852, and will contain increased reading WILL ny signature
eo'utnns this week, as to crowd out a num. Circuit, in the Supreme Court at on the label. '"
4' :.jar for the perpetuation of the Union it must be matter. Mrs. Stephens who has returned from Europe Jacksonville and in the United States District
\ I refer the below .
intended f>- thePresent issue. Next public to a few certificates
,. of artirfe: will contribute Novel ssveral Ta'e and
in a Court for the Northern District Florida
reposed the principles of the Democratic selected from
amorig'maDY received from
the re
's itl we promise oarsslves pleasure of correctjjione Sketches Travel Abroad; so that the Magazinewill Having an efficient and reliable agent at Wash
party. From the commencement of our sec bo will spectable. citizens ol Jacksonville.KGBCIiT I
:t man "erront" of oar next-door neighbor. ington, prosecute el&iml.-ai !t the Unite
be than The Embellishments '

more interesting ever.
I. tion 1 difficulties to tb e, present hour, the t States before.Congress' and the Departments at PpINSETT.P. .
di The Hon D. L. Ynlee passed through our Northern Democracy have been allies will be superb. The Paris and Boomer Washington.Being :8. Planters should not. !>c vithout this :

y last, en b'.s to Washington. our ; not Fashions each will be reported:,and this periodical permanenUyloc.nted ;t Jacksonville h. valuable Medicine. Every family cuglt to .
Monday way
1. non of late, we confess so much as formerly but will give entire and ufaremittrng attention to hi
a' ,_ __ is in our Atlantic ei'i-s tv.e text-book of fashion. ,keep it on hand. _
and all business entrusted to his care.IIo .
ti'a CAB1iLt.-Tho Hon. E.C.Cabell arrived in still on onfy friend Witho r going further, The terms are but *z per inim. For $5, three profession,will also attend to business A.M.REEDprincipaI Agent for JD.cksont. .
Bt Wednesday last en route for Wash. we would establish this position by the undeniable copies: for $10, eight; and for $20. sixteen; 'with PtTBLIC any dU. ,
town Jacksonville
IG 18i1.
y August ly
fact that the Whigs cannot present to a Premium Picture to every person getting up a :
health and
in good as though
t Ol,looking very Appointed by the Governors of the following : .;
l' :to Congress and getting married: were pleast5ingsTo the South, as a candidate fur the Presidency, a club of three ; twaPlc'ureifor aclabof e'ghtt and States to take Testimony,Affidavits, and Acknowledgments Notice.
". tho e who take things as easily as single Northern Statesman who is not commit an Extra copy and Pre ilium P ctnre for a club oi to be used therein

tat .'ewe have no doubt they are. In one of the ted to the frea-soil doctrine. Who is he ? Is sixteen.. The January number will be ready by the Maine,, > North Carrlina Virginia' cost Directions will be found for-using on tbpihie'of Poiasclt's Indian Lore*
Vermont, Fonth Carolina, Jlisaissippi thdwrappcf
21th of December. Now is the time to subscribe.fu'tttetfi ,
ce categories we wish him a long life and a it Daniel Webster, who declares that he will New York, Massachusetts, Georgia, on each bottle. Where Ihcrc"' is fever attending -

1 .iU one. never consent to the addition of a single foot Delaware; re-insylvan'a, Alabama, the disease, purgative should in ererj f
e Maryland, Texas Nov-tf ease be ttsed before' the Lcsecust. Should
of alive territory to the: Union and that he
. J7" The Magnolia has hauled off the line, for there ben tendency toinflamatioaj purge mod
would the-W.lmot Proviso the New DIED, at Newnansrille, Ala:hua county, Fla, -
ner three trips, for the purpose of putting in a engraft on Goddin & Webb erately, and give the Loxccust in smaller dcsci
oa Moray fie lOt instant, ANN ELIZABETH eldest
.. Mexico and Utah bills if nature had not already than the &average dose. f fJACSOOCVILLE
4 boner. daughter of Samuel and Mary Caroline Russell CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS,
excluded slavery ? Is it Millard Fillmore
aged 5 yeas and 9 months. JACKSONVILLE. FLA.WOULD
'r y We cull the attention of our city fathers to the author of the letter to the Erie abolition- May GthIS51. '

jesot'ce: of Mrs. Doggett in to-day's paper. We ists? Is it Wm. H Eewaad the leader of the MAIL AimANGEMEXTS.- of Kspectfnlly Jacksonville inform and their the surrounding fellow-citi This is to certify it is with much pleasurethat ,:;

time that the state of uncertainty and I announce to the Public that Lave been
r. :k it high that to execute work
Whig party of New York ? Is it Johnston of The Northern Mail arrives between the hours,of country they are prepared I '
nrity in which the graves of some of our dear- in all toe various branches.of their profession with i effectually cured of the distressing complaint
i have heretofore been j laced should be Pennsylvania? Or Corwin of Ohio? If none 10 A. M., and 4 P. M., on Sunday and Wednesdays neatness and despatch, and are determined.through. called Dysentery, by'the' highly recommended
3 Mead.sin of these, who is he? But the Democratic par- and will be closed hereafter Monday and experience and business habits,not to be surpassed ,I remedy of Mr.Poinsett.. I hid resorted to
sj end to. It is r31u rng too much of Mrs other band Thursday night at 9 o'clock. by any establishment in the country. many thing, but of no avail; ,I eras induced to
ty, on the embraces within its pile
her to the to .
to expect permit public ap his
j ett. The SASH, BLJNDAND DOORS, try very p'lahblennd pletsanr Medicine-,,
Southern and Western Mails due
,.s :ate properly ad 1$ tt7Im. even for the bu- a host of Northern statesmen, whose fidelity are on as well as the more enlarged branches of building, and to my great satisfaction> was completely

t. of the dead. We hope the corporate authori- to the South and the Constitution has never Tuesday and Friday morning by 1 o'clock. will meet their strict attention. Terms 'as accom- cured within a few days, and have net been
. II] The Southern Mail (by Steamboat) will be closed modating as possible, and all orders win be punctually troubled since with that much dreaded dis
'. eloConr town will take immediVe ste 9 for the been questioned reed into whose hands the attended to. A share of the public so *
patronage I
hereafter at 11 o'clock, A.M., and the Westernby .
; rjciwe and enclosure of a suitable place, within destiny of the South might be safely trusted: is respectfully solicited. i NOT; 117 I (
( Stage) at 3 o'clock, P. M., on Sundays and ,I I am happy to say other immediitecures have
n innrenieat distance of town for a cemetery We might m* lion James Buchanan, Judge Wednesdays. come under my own observation within a few -

.ere our dead can be interred without fear off Geo. 1\1. James ,Notice to Passengers.From .. I add elite to the
t Douglas, Dallas KPaulding.)5ckinson .. K? The Post Office will be open on Sunday on. days. cheerfully my already
encroa h ent If neces'ary a su Crip.e amount of testimony,with regard to -
'act and to JtMlatka great yourValuable
Marcy. Fully convinced that Savannah
ly one HOUR after the arrival and assorting of the .
: bean be got up for that purlose. it is the Darien. St. Jacksonville Medicine. I am.. respectfully, :,
through instrumentality of a national Northern Mail. Via, Brunswick, Marys, ; M.1.IEARS. Jr.'
" :
r Dtmocratie alone, that this Government October 1st, 1851.ffiarfrie. Slack Creek and Pieolata. '
party To E.Poinsett Esq.JACKSOtevILL .
C' The acquittal of CapL CTarke' tried at the ,
be ndimnisterel and the To leave 'I 1 hursdav 2nd October, at 4
: cm successfully .
for is ,
court manslaughter
i atenn of Nassau very ," .-s ; E.F-Acgust lath, 1851. .
. r stiffing to his numerous and warm friends in this Union preserved, we renew our pledge to the Journal. o"clOCkP. "J. .', Dear Sir: This.will inform you that one

i ii&anity. No person at all acquainted with the support of that party, and to tbi support of its RATES OF FARE REDUCED. i bottle of your Medicine, called gnu LoxsCCST -

:1. i nr the case could entertain the s'jgh'.e.t doilti candidate for the Presidency provided the PORT OF JACKSONVILLE, NOV. 22. TUE new anti superior fast has permanently cured two of my negroes .-
of a severe attack of Dysentery. 1 con
to the result of the trial. The jury we are in- nomination shond meet the approval of the steam packet MAGNOLIA/ P. .
sider it 'iin. xcellenL Medicine for this
I. complaint -
The U.S. Mail I tMeNELTr, master, will leave as i
Steamer St.Mitthcws; arrives
sued were absent only a few minutes when they Southern the National Democratic in recommending '
e delegation to at Jacksonville Savannah above and continue to ,leave every THURSDAY. and take great pleasure =

_ tuned a verdict of acquittal. Convention. To take the Government, at anytime and leaves every Sandy, from. Ret miD ,will leave Palatka every Saturday morning i it. to'the. public, Respectfully yours, \,
e' every Tuesday morning.U. at 8 o clock, and leave Jacksonville same eve- S.D.FEBNANDE2. \
. "TilE NEWS." into its own hands, the Democratic party Mail Steamer Wm.Gaston arrives eve nin;at 9 o'clock. To Mr. Poinsett. \ .

. the number commences the has only "to will it.?> On two occasions only ry Wednesday, from Savannah, and, leaves For freight! 'or pa rg,"havingsplend'rd'acrotamoiations -. \
; With present state rooms! &e.raripnr bn >. omo_ JActromLLrj Mays I, 1531. \ :
:1 'wrtcfnth Volume of The News, acd we em- within the last quarter of:'century, the Federal every Friday morning. FERNANDEZ; BISBEE A CO., Dear Sir: I consider'it to be a matter of duty \

es:1 -nc* the occasion to take a short retrospect of or Whig party, has got temporary possession Steamer Magnolia arrives from Savannah on Agents at Jacksonville, "r to inform you that J have been laboring'under \
and leaves M.A. COHEN Savannah.
Saturday evening.
Friday Acogt -
violent attack of Diarrhoea which \
of the Government. And in both instances a very ,
n. :i pas, and gist a glance, as far as may be steamer Welika arrives on Saturday from KF"Freight payable by. shippers. baffled the skill of two Physicians, and render* _

l' s'o! tie dim vista of the future. We enteredoar it was obtained under false pretences, 3aTinnah, and leaves Sunday evening. Oct. 4,1851, tf ed me unable to do any work. But fortunately .-

> editorial duties with a pledge that we and by fighting under false colors. The history Steamer Sarah. Spalding leaves for Lake [ when adout to give up all hope of ever obtaining '_ .

f ro 3nM support -the great principles of the of the Iiarrison-hard-cider humbug of 1840is Monroe on:Monday, and returns Thursday. From Jacksonville, II relief I heard of your INDIAN LOXE- \

Constitutional rights well known and r mcmbered. The more recent For Enterprise and.MellonTille. CUST, and the use of fire Bottles has entirely: '
-mxratic pirlyandjthe restored me to health. I take much pleasure

.''the South;' and if we hive felled, in any Taylor turabug of o.p: rtyism:1Unoentmies:1 Tdcn from llz. Records of the Custom House. THE Steamer SARAH; recommend: your Medicine to all those who

; : aaee, to redeem this plede, we art not to punish17-is still fresher in the Entered &t;SFALDING fitted will, having resume been her regular newly teay,,be- similarly- afflicted.' Yours, &'., : 0.
or the deluded Democrats who were 17, Brip Portland. up BEXJAMIX; DAVID.ToE.'PtinsettEsq. r
bad been memory Fophift, Cedar 26th .t
ire of thcomi'sion. IC curability rips for the abova's on Monday the Inst. "
. .
- devotion to the great caught in the Federal traPof 1S4&! The new. 18-Sch Mohawk John, 8ton. touching at all the intermediate landings,;and will ", :
iul to our real 20-Sch Geneva Nichols N Y. .
humbug, by which Federalists hope to ,carry Sch Ontario SimonOn N Y. continue punctually to leave every Monday ** :JACKSONVILLE June 27, 1851? 'J :
.1 use in which we embarked, we might appealgreaterconfdencr at 9 o'clock, connecting with ,the U. S. Mall Dear Sk I entirely relieved of .A
the next Presidential election is by shedding Cleared. For am my corejlaintthanks -
. to the favorable ver- steamers to and from Savannah. freight en- '
to for 'INDIAN LOX)

e set of our readers; but such as it is, we have their old worn-out Whig cognomen, astheydidthat '19.-Fch Scb Milsere.Amanda Moore Clifford., New Ball York.,-N Y., gag ments FERNANDEZ orpanage.,apply BISBEE on board& CO,.or, Agents to 2CDST/1 it is ttte you best I have your ever used for. the *

which we con of Federalists, and aU their other aliases; + N Y. Jacksonville Aug. 23, 1851. .8m. disease;and I feel happy in recommending it to" "ihe
; iicted it to the principles on 20-Brie Fabfo; Sa irper, r I ._ ,...
b3.setl the prosperity and come out before the people with a new 21-Sch Harbinger, Heath, N Y. public... Yours truly* v .-
; tatiously believe, are ,., GEORGE COULTEE.
skin and under new name! The name of -- ENTEBPRIZE HOUSE
; al I the permanence of this Union. ,To E.Poinsett, Esq.JACKSONVILLE.' '-
late Whig his become odious to the people, and it New Boarding House.: Lake Monroe-East Florida.
! The HVnpromise1 law, passed by the : July 30r.1S3J.

'wrres give general dissatisfaction to the must dropped. The power, surreptitiously THE SUBSCRIBER respectfully informs -' THE Subscriber informs the Dear Sir! 'I have tried your very valuable

at the time were hardy obtained under its name,' has virtually disip- .lEa: strangers and residents that he has just respectfully Medicine for Diarrhea and I find it by far the
'W'hern Stipes. Few, ..nnblic in general,that this house will be-
the tbirtt- his new house at the corner Monroe aid ', he best and cure:for this dangerous din
South peared. It now claims only four of opened> safest ,
the for the of by'the 10th
l2oa to its injustice of boarders. He opened company '
gh Jeny
Ocean Streets for the reception tue'th'at I hlTe-e'Cr known or heard 0( My i
the and it is in minority of October and intends to give the bdsinesshisstrict
of States
Governors a ;
one terms, and ay '
of its fearS boarders reasonable use
tlo palltite the enormity of fome will receive on personal attention. His table will be Tarnished 'little daughteraged about two jrtars, had !offered ." .
in both houses of Congres. It has nothing every exertion, to make them comfortable.. and reduced to almost skele-' *-
'mI.large pirtr.: however were willing 4 A. COY with the best the country affords, and no trouble long was a

i infliction be best that left but the spoils of the Executive officers Jacksonville, Nov. 1851. tf. or expense ,will be make .AH_comfortable _y lot. and 1 tried part of a Bottle of your INDI
'Jnhmit as
to its to their od; custom who may 6afl on bun. -iNXOXECUST and it has acted like a charm,',i.t
i Mbe 1 0:0 and as a final settlement of the ; so according they Betters on the Climate ,Soils and The mild and' 'climate' :of South Fidridapresents the child is nw: imp1 roving,and niay be'seen byby -***
the name ml'rc.uT oldCoon" in : y ,
will invalids
change once many.advanutesto pur- ;
I n'rry Jlllit-tjn.: which we were assured by 'Productions: Florida. those who do notbelieve.' Eepectfully, '
frog "Union suit of health and no art of Florida presents amore .
will out under a A.V. COL VlN.
\flf of the would.b* peep and than the borders r
ding advoc.ites the 'orJ'I.leRofY.JTO peasant agreeable retreat '
is for sale at store this is a T capacious skin nil HIS interestingwork and :To E.Poinsett,Esq.
'P1l'1N OJr oar fI'qui'1pnee. This was the kin; and,at the;4Newi'. 'office, of Lake Monroe. Persons fond of fishing

whose nervous Democrats are invited to take shelter raoksonville. Price, 25 cents.Administration. boating, will have every opportunity -enjoying; : Bjfton; .aiD; St.Johns Beacjo. -. 7
tbi i The Democratic party themselves the woods abound with
; pufy as game, ana, : .
under it-'tiJIl/ttrtlJl ejection! : "I'u August 7, 1851. Jr/-
; !
"Tory (rout the formation of the Government ,Notice.0DCE'IS QmNt"Proprietor., ;Dear Sir'; This w31 thatrthree- '

+IDarked by 'te,,locs vigilance over the liber- /CIRCUIT c unT. HEREBYtG1YE 1,, That fbur' .,. 6m '; \ :of my children were dangerously ill ;witb'th"

"rthfl penpe! and tb e rights of the separate The Honorable 'Circ'uii Court for Duval weeks from date, I will apply to the Hon. ; Dysentery< :or Diarrhoea, for about, six weeks., .

:eal srs oC the confederacy, was not so easily Judge of Probate of;Nassau county, for leave 'B..0A ffING. I tried almost everything that I generally used; -' -

of the South Bounty, Judge Poogiaa'presidiagr -commenced to sell the real estate lying in that county be.unein'z ." SUBSCRiBEB'isprepa.redtoaef4commodate r for this! disease, but all to no effect., A'tr.ndtol firf
'insel} that ;
the true policy > Ar.BE
its Fa1t'nuion' on fon.bl1astlLn.d is still in to the,estate of.Wil i im '.Hickmin, de- .:: anumber.of)JoardfrsJaJ, his mine recommended me to tr.TY9CrrMedlcln.

ttWarcstmnbo.1 to perpetuate the Union ession. There were no,cages ,pending of material *.i8ed. HELEN HICKMAN.. Adm'x.Oct recently erected residence in the Northwestpart of balled INDIAN LOXECUST. I procured ititdain

f the Sates, were to be found in tame acqui- the Mandamus case 23, 1351.: '"novl_--4t he town, the .location oft which is .known. tob* happy to say &hatJM ont cnr-*

state i1 measures which affected equn.1i.l interests except highly fa1'otabJect health hid Comfort flint Hs eli all three of,my children-hoj> 1t IOu;,a1- w

against the Commissioners.of Duval County. Administrator Notice.S jvation.* 'The HOUSE Js just completed the sleep- lableMedieineaabecome generally known
l yak so' reijoP. Thi party, which hs ever This cause Wail nrsufd and submitted yesterday I lag and,other apartments;being spacious and weir ..o that all'.that may ,beafiicted'with 'this.Uis 1
L. 'J1blIb the steAdy and IX MONTHS after date, I will present my,account finished all plastered Ac. have certain i safe i .a.
jea'ous eye and of David ; else:may a and ,rexstdy ,
LiviBg ton-Mrlntesh. Bryant Administrator of the Estate .
as xatY
,JlessrK. I On the premises 1s.-gt a spacious Bathing -'
;' Mood r rtcro cUni nt of.|he numerical Sft- 'JIsrs. Fraser Silcox;deceased,to the-Hon. Judge of Probates for I where.those iwisbing-its adrantagefjnuyBnjoy r Yours trnlytj :: "',lr'J
and House
the Spencer { IfATIME1t
for County ,.'. f'' cJA11'.S .
I' Government on Dnval and ask for a final settlement and / f' .
oul m-.jority ip the Federal } decision county them with every convenience.- -3 tI f \J..J
and Sindersonforthe Relator. The tilt.same, and'of discharge from Pilot fitf John.
' allowance or my The fa situro of the House is also entirely. ,new, ,
could s eno4 i.':1 ; "
te -w
; rights of th<- Soutmeru States of said Estate. B.1'oinsetti E .
the Administration New York. : To '
of the Court will be announced_ on Monday next, being Just received from ?wArrangtmcntf :
. agtougorify"aadb.e grateful for, into,.- JAMES SILCOX. Adm'r. have.been made,to supply the,table .1
1 '- June 9th 1851.
Augflit16,185i. ; .6m and excellent fare, and good ser- ,
elf'actoow '
him t with mple,.
rtscf mfasures which Mr.Clay I Dear Sir I used Indian Loxecustin
"As our' neighbor of the Newt claims superior rants have,been employed attend to tot comfort + : bare your -
I a w exert f A*tgt,ike North and_nothing credit for the Northern Democracy account rt.beir :Florida l House For. Bent. ofpest, -- -' i my family, and have found it a very valuable a

lithe Snth. It did not believe that it ought alleged support.of the Comprom.setheir ca THB above well known .HOTEL aituaffnm l shall spare n*paini.tojreader;'&l' remedy for Diarrhoea. I take great pleasure-, ,
on 'on the.issue of maintaining tCompromiJe reaped*pwaiint to th6$& 1ft snake Irtheir home} in recommending to the public ---
'0 be called ou to JrJ-ce" over such a ; laving come', constitutes; their fidelity to the Constitution .I juttta.ted perreCiorder in the eltyof, ta for St rent A'I for!tine.beiDg.inI one or1 more and respectfully invite a call from' eitixens Who Wiah'permantid i Respectfully.'JVB.TOWNSEXD..

1>< difference. of, opinion might exist, and the South-we, would be very happy without *farnittua board or strangers who may:sojourn inn Egbert Polasett Esq.ACKTi ': l l. :. f, '
of rears,with or the winter months. ,. :.' : 8
JVVuu.has. changed,, its opinion [ jhoipitable cUaotdoring 11-
knowlf "
IIIODE thfc members of the great Deniacratletraily to June 14, 1851. ,,tf; ,A- H..COLB.Boston' uy : i ,W..D.,1VARD.t' fo t '. ; F.ilJ.t 1SS1.
I ," v.t
those euures. :Nrpx3liaix.We '
= '
or the South, al to the "mod and man- J the laudable t:Gtri1b. c.y Jacksonville;vg:. I1,18SI. .;rnr 6f.ti -""";' Dear Sir: This may certify to"you tj at I hax

. a'ror redress" wlUd r by'wrongs admitted feel great pleasure in gratifying \ ; .. J. ;I\i.J a -'grogirt suffering uDd r.a.lcnr'Iac1t; rDiarrhoea

e hall believed that these wrongs curfoijfy, .of the.. ,Republican: We;assure, COTTON FACTORS AND GENERAL e :" -! 11.. .t .i..1tt.rani U. .II .. 'and that the'.use' ct ,one. bctf!!.ct:

,r : cent of them him we hare not .changed oar opinion,.in, the 'j \ QNISSIONd11ERCHANTS! 1 G :. I r J 4-THB SUBSCRIBER having leased the p preparation}called Indian Loxecusi"eTectuallyj! } ,
aggressions .
-ere to be redressed[ 'nor. future We still think them 1Uln.BAT:jARDJtTTttfCO* STWTVt. \oJ ; JeJLwell-kriDwhrEou e>fomoerljttrpt by Mr. mred'h'ef, and 1."wonld take this method ofvre"'|
of those measure '
: ?'pe11edby homi'tati ng coneesaions, and,singnnahs l fast,, .the South. The ,_ -0, n. .". :Fobs Clark,takts,this method of informing efy ommendlnglt as a fern valuableI M ra1C Int'.' .

!load over their 'own diseomftThe > unjust.and'lnjurWtowanfr < i'a T OOTBT. Rena;or cUonYiD and f1cmiiy.. that"fa nor: .: Yours. truly,, .:JOHN, BRMNTI.Y.r
and the cause ot Cuban liVerty JOB* BOSTON 5>H '! 4e JOJlftle t the.d' L. .
. Inflicted byjeetlon rights of the South i'adj'to scriirefreshiasne a.D1.1iour p Sr. N1CHOWsFla1iu1y.31.185I.- ,
tare DUJDtI"ohmnigs ,NorI.WIt 4_ A'f.!, r:l6m f nA > ,a ni bY'ieeM 1t ?
prom 7 o ciecKin;tnemonuog unui iw *
inour.cstimatioo byailnw.It rtif1..thlt"o Bottles :
isl ;
lose nothing Dear Sir: This :
Cold ?
hard to behorse ": On-shortest;notice
weaker Lunch
s dominant on A U : tbd courW fcf furnish at ; vi<;: ,
; ,who called ,
< of fret ,| --not byj,thia,criterion. we,judge-1 ''JThePresidf j Ham}Beef ngue.Pigs feet;Tripe, Shrynlpsi Sari >f your Medicine; .
minds distingulabed.TemaleSemmary
into the i> at a '
sad sinks or ot
deep traction 't two our .t
; "'and braj.SPrsguJEditorof : ; toeev Fiahp Ac.i'ha huhadlJQUon and Wines selected as j' s .
and Cabinet
bore ; bat it ia only rhea they submit, in pt the) ; sad has. had""several and yean South experience wishes to iq': teaching," by Food judges in New York/and paid the Inert;.iarrhoaaTtakepleesnreIn! f ,;: .

t Tile breathetde: story' otlhdr: and the the RepubKean'jrall] JMge both at the Sorjh fifB highest price*for,tbe1Dr ipidha* >thiHksWineapud 'JVM* .Falttable'blediede_ -*f*B, FtpQt

J i; and:'whisperingthat of therierjtsof a,cause'by'thttSieo? 'fwHwmlnatingf : Cn m ; i agliahbtsocbui ctbii"htgfier: Liquors of the jfrst quality also Porter and Ale. 'without doubt"one of the best* *nd*? st rc ae.flies'for'tbls .
bongs wltb' hate4'bre&th .
I "oriicwi XrJiicftlli RH- A 'give/'Instruction thematheaistica.ho.'sherwilt Gteafletf en.wHT. please call andJad foirtbemselvcs i diseasev that I bare beard or eee.,
iaablen." they; cap Josa" their own lOt'- dl', L.' "I,' -,... ; Frefichlangatges." .8stis otorr. rtfer. >}speak.ofine as theyJLad mftlv:pains wfll b* 4.,./w i.' i"i '.:rountruly;., _-"1'e ,
Latin and .,
1 naturally judge others btliitnself but t &fK to please all wlp may f&tO'l.meJWtth>a"eaJLI U
_and becomtappropijaU; subjects( ;for tor may. es-dT :' l. '1 ; LE& ., : O.Jd'f'JV'I'T1tWCh11, ':
j 1 s. & .3..1)1 I
f.f'"p } :
such imputation ie BP. T v.t .fe :n' 1 rf" t e!!
say.future_degradxtioa! that,maybe in ttore for we beg. to'beTelieTedJfrom" "A" ., i any MA' DDse I' t !..Ioabw'ovQrftl."., ',-J I Je0ltacwill ,P\I; : li ..a.J ..} ; o. P.l "t"kIr'f'; .s 'M ;J. .:V r .

e-t laid .1tOt 'umun1tf' t'w Oil.*..OttTWlA., 4- .i4''t' .O. t. -" to.7 }t. iliS : ,if tr: ..b \:r7s.o q.a'cK Id:1 '. .







f I II

i I ; I r l'J -__ .__ .; : T FLJiJTl.JIii _

T j,2c'ti3; j1f f8BcJ< t:1t: &tJ. "n11JN itwj ifItE r
THE'NEWSI3frilisWderery E |
BU J ; 1f ,'': .t'1r ,
:, F I3oep.3 : .4 f: "'0 t:. -.t 11'1 ; :0-.fn''t If'____ ;. lte.W''O._ _....at_: W: i.-.
I ;; t' ; 'SATU&DAY :Jacks cV 1: ''JOB rWTING-FFJVE. S ; : : .. ; 'C'
r tt ( r -... f'a' w 'I i. !" .T... ; .1-: -TIAw'NOTXC1.' :, SUBSCRIBER would

: .JUrID the C.sntyoDuvat. *nd State ol Florid., ## M' eI1m.Di, :; .. S. 'Jj -fomttrdUfeajroTJacv ftlpedtl11- 1It."l ?
BY CHARLES BYRNE; '1 visa received from"New York a npptotTrio ;. rx4cT1T101'Z2Oi;' M C&arlefl r.';teeperJ": icrroundlDg 7, that.hebsjnstr.dSti

I and other msterialzsultablo for Job Printingwe .MEDICINE, JTOWlFEKt, ', : ,,AND"' .idYon1tfl'streeta BtTBlJEBY.. ,-';, ATTORNEY, tr COUNSELLOR: :AT LAW,' : DIRECT .FROilNEW... 0jieschoonerTtneriflia -.

I. f rector f.IVI1'fOTOf, EdIt*'i are now:prepared to execute at the shortest notice OFFICE: on theneOtaTkt;opposite CourWHouse. cJackwntflle : ,-". Ti'A'VrN'a'fetBnied: : ud'"located hhn.of lf hii InjLJLi choice J'!
ftjflCthCPI25t e Ii.t
; t s all kinds of.Pamphlets. Oc&'l8, 1m. > 'u Jteksonvffle. throughout the Eastern Circuit of FloridaJ Dry Goo 'GroceriesWare 1.j *,
profession '
TERMS : Circulars
i ,
Court of said Btai -

t J Tffitii DOLLARS TIB AVKCM, inIE .&DYU &. Law Blanks; Ham-Bills, Nice. ALSO: .tiin,'in the the Supreme U. B.District Court tor the North- Crockeryi .&c.:;- -i
BulaesS before ":
Bills, -claims
Stow and prosecute 'offers'loruli!
: ?"Advertisements will be insened en the following Tisitlnc Cards, Bins .f:XakfofLabels .rriBB UNDEESIGNED, having.formed'A-. era District of same at Washington.Oct. which-, at the Iowemj.

I ,. fcc.*fce.. Ice. -JL partnership for the PRACTICE or MEDIC the Departments U .- FOBTCA8H-OB' COUNTRY PBODit t
..i terns, 18,1851. :
.", I i One dolls per square, eftwelve lints and under rrr:AH Wit for work oftJiit liliJto&paid on citizens respectfully ofJ& f their:prolessionalvservices t to the ---- S the storfr'formerly occupied'byw. jHarrison ,.
I dtlivery. June 14. .
I .. the first inteition.and 75 cent for each iubse J. S. MURDOCJIJM..D. Felix,I4vingstonrATTORNEY ; BA; street.; Particular atteatlii I

: qaenttnsertion. To jearljr advertiser a liberal dU =-= = B. DANIEL; M.-D. AT LAW, ,called to his_ large and .elegant assotta_ .i J

,\ ;I count will be made.03TA11 NEW STORE I Office on the corner ton directly House.North ottbeJJutbg. jACKSOAvrLLK, FlJL adicft Bonnets, S

\ tdvertUemenU matt be paid for before interrion of the latest iind most '
f IL : I Oct. 25, 1851. 3m tf : approved style OBJ .
R. BOULTER. & CO. S April 26. f ish. Also to hb beautiful k **
,unless by a regular customer. By referring ,. of
to aur terms the requisite sum may be ascertained L AT THE STORE FORMERLY OCCUPIED BY 3. N. 'Wfnfllms.COMMISSION OENTLEM 1'S'HAT8, B.E DF.M.fDI:

and transmitted with the advertisement. T. 0. HOLMES & CO.THE MERCHANT, M Whit: Smith & 1!. O'BrlenfdTTOBNEYS CLO THiNG, BOOTS: SHOES;,ft.;:

: Advertisement*not marked with the number UNDERSIGNED hare opened, at the AT LAW, Call and ,examine, before
stand of T. 0. Holmes & JACKSONVILLE, FLJUKEEPS ?purchasing e1Ie.
of; ,will be continued until forbid I Co., a new; S l wbere. D. M
insertions required FLORID CUEN ,
Couirrr EAST
large, well-selected assortment of constantly on hand and for sole a general ALLIGATOR, COLOMBIA & ( Vr

and charged for. STAPLE, DRY, AND FANCY GOODS, aasdrtment of' M.Whit Smith, Office at Alligator. Jacksonville, May 3, 1831. 11.

1 (OS'Fite dollars will l be charged for all announce* B DY.MA.DE CLOTHING, HARDWARE % GROCERIES :AND PROVISIONS.,. M. O'Brien, Office at Newnanstille. -'

; me its candidates for office. AND CUTLERY,,SAD OF THE-BEST; SSLSCTIOSS' May 31,1851. tfMcQueen Plantation 'and MII1-Shtf-

I One square for Six Months, t t 91000) DLERY STATIONERY audwill sell them:lower:for auk;than,they can be. Sale S 1

Notice to Debtor. and Creditors, t t 7 00(I BOOTS AND SHOES,, bOU elsewhere. lathe. South. -' ,: ---- : I WILL'DISPOSE
produce in exchange, liberal Or-aipr1nfi.
for Letters f Administration 5 00 H.A.T8.4.1D CAPS, Country Molntosh ,
Application o prices. '.' .Ei alc, my PL !. OD the

03: All religions notices will be inserted gratuiurtjr. CROCKERY AND TOGETHER GLASS-WARE WITH FURNI- STORE corner'of Union and Forstth streets,formerly !- .ATTORNEY. .4. 7' LAW, St.'John's rii'er, nt tk> Wputb/ of Ju1lJtat41

j. I i TUBE, PROVISIONS, &aj Jacksonville owned and, Oct.occupied 25, Mr. Jos TT7ILL attend the ,Circuit Courts in the creek, sixteen miles above Jacksonville.! n.
; grAil:: admissible personal communications will INSHOET, -- ; TT Eastern Circuit;'' the United StatesDistrict situation is known to be the most beautiful

charged as ad Yertlaemenu.f Every thing to suit the market. m nr.Lawton&Co.: Court at St. Augustine. ;' the Supreme theffver, and is remarkable: for.its salutriK:

03" All bills for Job Printing,must be paid on the4eirery Which will be sold upon as reasonable terms as MERCHANTS Court at Tallahassee; and prosecute Claims for not a' case of fever having occurred thereto -

f of the work. they can be afforded for in the Southern country FACTORS AND COMMISSION. citizens in'any'part of Florida against the Government many years. The dwelling is spacious &It

S3:; All communications must be addressed to Customers would do well to call and examine for No. 13 Souther* Wharf, Charleston, S. C. at Washington, either before Congressor comf(}rbble'And calculated for the acm 'J

1 the Editor, pottage pati themselves. before making their purchases elsewhere WM. M.LAWTON, WM. M. TAYLOR, at the Departments. dation ofa large family. The land (about 40r

II Jacksonville, Oct.25, 1851.R. BOULTER tf& CO. R.WAIN WRIGHT BACOt JOSEPH T. DILL. JJT ADDRESS: ;Jac\soavittetEastFlorida. the.acres cultivation) is of good of.q1 cotton!: it1',and and well adapted w

Sept. 6.,18.H. 6 11 1850 tf corn andaW
: May ,
I SEA ISLAND COTTON GINS.THE fifty acres suited for.sugar.cane. ?Ebereis ts
I. E.: 1L. HARRISON & CO., American and .Foreign Agency admirable_site for a steam_ a aw.mill it'ti.

; SUBSCRIBER takes this opportunity On Bay street,fronting LcdvntNilricIsbuilding, WASHINGTON Oscar Hart, mouth of the creek, and it possesses the tdm;: .

inform the planters of Long Staple JACKSONVILLE, FLA. CITY OF I ATTORNEY AT LAW, tage of being in the centre of a section if( .
t D E R the direction AARON HAIGHT country finely wooded with
Cottons that he still continues the manufacture Subscribers UN PALMER of New-York. and WORTHING.: ((Office in the Court House, up stairs,) There is a flourishing piw- jc j
respectfully inform their orange
of the latest improved ROLLER HORSE GINS THE friends grove oath
acquaintances that have T7"JLL practice in the several Counties of premises, which formerly
double and they established L produced aniaeoai
single, at his usual rates and is the of r
and Counsellors of Supreme
themselves in the mercantile busmen in VV the Eastern Circuit of Florida and attend of thousand
this dollars
ready to fill all orders at the shortest notice. place, the United States. > a a year, and will slorth C
For the reputation of the Gins, apply to the above and are named now a receiving full assortment and opening at the etoro This establishment is formed for the following to the collection of claims against the U. do so again judging from the present thift, .t.t'i
t following Agents, or to those who hire them Goods, Fancy Articles, Groceries consisting, Hard Ware Dry, objects: States for Military Services,and for Horses lost, and healthy appearance of the trees fit

,'. I t, in use: Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps Bonnets, Ac,*fec., with 1. For practicing law in the Supreme Court of r or other property lost destroyed by troops in Fust Office at Mandarin is within two nil,.,.

: AGENTS. very variety goods usually kept in Dry Goods' the United States, and conducting professional. business said service and the steamers: pass and repass the home,II
t 1 Store; which they offer for cole M cheap as they, before Congress.! Also,claims for Pensions disabled Soldiers, their regular trips to and from SanJU1aL.
Villalonga & Acosta, Centerrillage,Ga. can be purchased any market in the Southern L 2. For prosecution and recovery fall claims, or the Widows and Orphans deoeasedSoldiers. Those wishing to purchase this property BUT

Capt.B.l. Bythewood, Beaufort, S.C. country. in law or equity; against the United States before Also, claims for Bounty Land to officers and call on, or address by letter, the subscriber,
,. ;' Scott& DeVeaux, Charleston. S. C. Their entire stock having been selected by one I I Ior'the Congress or.the Executive Departments, or against, soldiers, and the Widows and Orphans of deed. Jacksonville, Florida. '11
Tison & Harris, Ocala E. Florida. firm with much care and attention, and with foreign Governments before Boards of Commis officers and soldiers. CHARLES C

l'I Fernandez, Bisbee& Co, Jacksonville, E. F themselves S view particularly that they will to this be enabled market,to they-flatter give entire sioners.3. For the settlement accounts\ with the State, Also, will give his attention conveyancing, Jacksonville, May 10,1831._ S

r R. R. Dukes, Palatka, E. F. satisfaction to all who may favor them with their Tteasury, War, Navy"Post Office and Interior Department to examining"Tites and Records,and assertain- -
S.Hoy & Co-Savannah, Ga. ,both the ing claims to Lands. C.It
" patronage at to prices and quality of their and obtaining the romilsion'or v '
S. Niblack & Co., Alligator F. goods. They will be constantly receiving such ad. penalties, and forfeitures, for alleged All business entrusted to him will meet with BOUNTY LAND. ilT

Lartinger & Harris,Elizabethtowe,Lowndes ditions to their stock as the state of the market' the revenue, post office,'or other la",. prompt attention; and instruments of writing fot the offieeri and soldiersoM,
I- County, Ga. m&.require and respectfully solicit a share of the 4. For securing letter* patent for Inventions from L will be executed by hint with nearness and : OBTAINED waror their legal teprewati.tire .
; I patronage of their friendsand the United
; acquaintances. States or from foreign Governments, *.
ALSO despatch.
I- ;Arrangement haying been made in New York, and procuring land warrants and pensions under: Pensions for life,for widows of such oticerllJl4loJdiera tl!
' Extra Bores and Brushes can be had of the orders can bo supplied at the shortest possible no- the va.riouspe1Wonlaws of the United States. ,Jan.25,1851. tf whomarrired previous to 1800. 'v;

.' subscriber, at moderate rates. Persons wanting tice. E. L. HARRISON. 5. For collection* generally, embracing 'debts, I
; Gins, or Gins repaired, please direct to J. P. SANDERSON. legacies, and inheritances, in the United States and Philip Fraser Pa-
' Sept.1, 185L octlS-tf foreign countries. ,
. Agents,or to S. L BURNS 3SOUHTY) JLAHB. :
; 6. For the purchase and sale oflands in any of r ATTORNEY AT LAWj

:- .- ,t AID 31,1851. St.Mary', Georgia. D. 1Y.I'CI1'EN 4' CO., the States or Territories of the Union, and loaning JACKSONVILLE, FLA., For the surviving, or the widows, or mlaor sith
; 6m
on of real estate therein.
moneys mortgage lying
STREET, JACKSONVILLE. FLA., 7. For investment tof funds in United States andStatb WILL attend to any professional business children deceased officers and print. ,' ,
WOULD respectfully' inform their customers stocks and loans collection of the dividends to him in the Courts of the who served in the *II
NOTICE. the public generally, that their FALL thereon,and, generally for the transaction of all Eastern and the Supreme Courts at War- cf
STEAM W-MILL FOR SAL E. STOCK:OF GOODS have armed, and are now business pertaining to a Law Loan, and Banking Circuiiit :e has also such an advantageous of 2812, with Great Britain;tEe J3to
ready for the inspection of those wishing to purchase Agency. connection with an able lIexicanVor ; or in any of the In
"- : } rnilE SUBSCRIBER ffers for sale, on rcaj Good,.Article at Lorn Prices. Q:?"AH communications addressed,post paid,to City, will Lawyer at Washington dian War since 1790.
.L Messrs. as ensure a prompt and .. .
j sonableterms STEAM Palmer A;Snethen, American and Foreign speedy eri
} AND JfACHIN-RY SAW-MILL Their stock.consists, in part, of Dry Goods, of almost Agency, City of Washington, will receive prompt collection of such claims as may be placedin Terms moderate where the claim! is established'
.i at Gare.r'sFerry Du- every nnolitV and name, fromsilkato kerseys, and faithful attention. his hands against the United States. otherwise no charge. re
county, Florida. The hone' freshfMuily Groceries, HardwareTinware
Engine 20 Wood.
PALMER A SNETHEN, Sept.8th,1849 The Subscriber also appoiuted in
Agent tie District gfl
power, 10 inch cylender< 3 reet stroke and 2 VMTA BAAU And Show. RatA and Caps. of the ly
No. 5, Carroll Plaee ofCoIumbia
Capitol HilL fur tile
l latest styles Ladies' Bonnets and .
boilers 24 a of
feet long, SS in. diameter all in variety serviceable C 1851. n'
; Sept. tf
. f f complete order, and ready for immediate use. and fancy articles, which cannot fail to Wm. ST. Tanno British Cnmmercial Life Insurance: : tm. .
i suit the most varied -
!) tastes of the FAIR SEX, whore
It has also' a corn__mill attached. The Engine a especially'invited to c&ILAUSO Masonry, Bricklaying, Plaster. FACTOR COMMISSION MERCHANT, Company, Ai
ana Macnmery will be so Id separate if desired. Established in 1820 and
empowered bjr act ocr.ri!
ing, &c. Fforth Commercial, Wharf
For terms, apply to me atPtkOrtO'S ment.for the insurance of Lirrs and the endownei
'" -: agent, J as. B. Cole. my A select assortment Saddles, Bridles, Martin THE UNDERSIGNED takes this method of Feb. 14.-ly Charleston, S. C. London,New York Washington Ckj beP

: I t A.. H. COLB galls Collars,Ac.; Trunks, Carpet Bags, Umbrellas, rming the public that he is ready to CAPITAL $3,000,000. hefe
and all that is usually found in store in this do Bricklaying
any Masonry
Palatka Fla.,May 10, 1851. tf the half of Plastering: Stucco Harmonic Institute Communiciitions addressed the
country which would be"too numerous Work, &c., &c. lie will furnish plans and to subscriber :
S to mention." Washington, D, C.,will receive sMentwa.
drawings, when desired by for whom Corner of St. Julien Street and Market prompt
Notice. Their stoek having been selected by one of the persons : Square, M. THOMPSON,
MONTHS after date, we the under firm, and one well acquainted with the wants of he is engaged to execute woik, without extra SAVANNAH GA. Attorney at Lam,and Commissiovtr of antL
: SIX signed, Administrators on the Estate the people of th section, they only say- charge. He is well known to the citizens of F; ZOGBAUM A'CO., Importers and Dealers Deeds for North and South Carotix.

( Micajoh Been, late of Oolumbia of 17 CALL AND SEE, .a Jacksonville as a competent mechanic, and .. in Music and MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, of P. S.-Refer.if necessary,to lie Heads of Depart
ceased will county, de being fully assured that none will go away unsuited work he has performed already for citizensof every description wholesale and retail. menu,and Members Congress generally. tan:

to the,Honorable present our accounts of anti Touchers either as to the quality. of the goods or the pri : the place, he refers to as an additional evi Complete Bands famished, and Dealers supplied Washington Cily.NcYefnber.1850. 2m, Catre:
Judge Probate for said ces asked for them. dence of his qualifications. at New York prices.

county,to be discharged from the further administration N.B.-All kinds of Country Produce taken in J. H. McRORY, Jr.,
of said Estate; for which all per- exchange for goods,at the highest market prices. 17: Costs and Moulds for ornamental plastering June 21. ly Agent, Jacksonville. STIMSON & (J 0' S' sol

persons-heirs, legatees, or persons interested Again, CALL AND SEE. We charge nothing for also furnished. JOHN IVERS. de

k -are hereby requested to take notice. showing our goods. N.B.-To Planters he would aay he'has much Bounty Land & General Agency, New-York, New-Orleans & Mo :,
. I '* RHODA D. M'CUEN & CO. eiperiance in an
CORINTH Oct 18, 1851. putting up Sugar Batteries, and WASH NGTON, D C bile
\ S WM. c solicits work in Express
; IL ROUSSEAU that line, confident that he can ,
I give the amplest satisfaction, WALKER, Will give
\ AdTt7LflsUtTfltQfl. Charges moder BY wLtbi!
Little River, Aug. 16, l81. 6m Great Bargains ate. J. L prompt and efficient attention to the BOUNTY E.VERY STEAMSHIP.

{ THE Subscriber wishing to devote his atten- Jacksonville May 3i-,'16.51. ly the LAND late CLAIMS Florida officersand soldiers engaged in i OFFICES :
War. or either
Indian cit
; ; Floats. exclusively to his profession offers W art in which the United States have been No. 19 Wall Street, New York and ;

. | i ii TIlE.UNDERSIGNED L. YULEE, offers for, as sale the Agent of Hon. lots for sale s.djoiningthetown on accommodating Jocfconrille terms, his lands with and all AGENCY OF g and aged to; or the War with Great Britain of 1812 en, St. Chailes. Hotel Building, N. Orleans, bta for

: ns live Thousand Five description business requiring a n Mobile Agent, M. BOULLBHTTI
Hundred and Fifty Acres beiriruproycments. There are on these laud* Dr. S. S. rITCD'SCELEBRATED Agent Attorney at
r' ) Washington. For procuring ,
' s i LAND, two strongChalybeateSprings, which yield MEDICINES.. land warrants his charge will be 5. In Drafts rr Every Notes attention paul to like tolltctinij hur\
in tractions of4O, 80, or 160 acres to be copious deposHe hydratedperoxide iron. other cases it will be jc. ,
; loeated proportioned
olthe on Used by him with dtiivt utshtdtuccess in the to the nature -
any public landa in the State of Florida are in their medicinal nro-' and difficulty of the tro;
J jectto entry at the Land Office. perUeato cure of ,
I theBrightonandTurnbridgespringi He will also act in
connection pea
: with NOTICE.
JOSEPH FINEGAN. ofEcgla.ndand the B alaton and Bedtordsprings Coughs, 'Consumption, :Catarrh, A ttorneys in Florida who Agents or
JacksonTUlo>,June 28 1851. may be employed in E have setbI
f I tI o!this coantl'1., Also a spring ot the coolest Asthma Heart Diseases";.Dyspep Bounty land and other claims,on terms which t't eral appointed T.O.HoL1fESour'Gen-
common water to be found in this Agent nnd
.5 1 Administration Ifoticc7 I cOunt1'a; brick jardwlthon.ofUafl'spatient section of sia, Gonorrhoea, Piles; Female .may be agreed upon. Letters (which should &ndall business! in the name ofPalmer&Ferw7 the
PERSONS be post-paid). receive
ALL six months air hereby c-5'iffl machines ready for operaUot..tLe; only one In Complaints, &c.; '&c. tion.- ,Aug.)7 1850 immediate. attea To collect and receive all debts due the firm of ripl

. t preCnt .ot admiDIatratiOD ; this ticinity,where the demand for bricks is f. S 'ALSO r .- .) tf Palmer & Ferris, by Bond-Mortgnge.--Note
of fflTJ my of the estate great and rapidly Increasln-Also1'aframed, Dr. 8. S. Fit "* rotherwise,also for Darius
IartJey, deceased to the honorable Supporters:SAo ldtr Charles:DeWaal Ferris deceUecL
Judn ,, kltchen.stable and_ penons }
carriage house haYing demands
ofProbateofDuvahcounty, sad 'uk for and two Braces Inhaling Tubes against PaIme:
; baf letUemeut with the I&me. a.nd diacha.rge. from a story dwelling h011le. ,fiUed for. twelve rooms, tures and Lec A.UCTIONEER & Ferris or Darius 'erris deceased. will prt Wri
ml adminiatration thereof: nearly completed. .Alsqa"number"of eligible Consumption, and the' J4 KS NYILLEJ.E. Bentthe SaDie to T. O. Holmes for piyuxent u. tctwt
; F.
. js August, SUSANNAlI1IARrLEY.. Adm'z; btilldingslteeandgardeu.! lots,within a mile of r art preserving Life and n-SALES inany part or the alpers.o! Palmer & 'errl or.D.,. .

Gm the Market house,unsurpassed by any In this Health, to 014 Age, to and.. spe tully solicited. County attended. rius Ferris.are reiuested to call T.O.Ho1ctS 'Voibla
; !
ricrnlty. : foriettlementnnd ,
Notice "
4c. 4-c. payment.
4 Jacksonville/May
k 6,1848

_009 Atlantic_ k Gull_ halt Roadelection cGmpaa,. Forfurtbexpirtlculars. .JOS.S.BAKER.apply to I have been.appointed.Agent for the sale of' Adm'x.SARAH P. FERRIS,, orfwlf.
the Dt
nex above Goods, and. will JOB: PRINTING D.FERal!dec.
nnnual. for JacksoayWe keep themconstantly '
1. Directora pt.6Yl951.
'rlU of if.Executo DAVID
the'AtlanUc &.GulfRaUBOadCompany "'- pn--hanclat' _. -. my- In the Town nf: EXECUTED. AT THIS.. OFFICE. .Jackso4viIleJan.: L.P ALMER. was:
wiU be the city ofSt.&ugustIne. at the I '* Notice .UUDpa, :LasupaDftyria. '_ .-. c. ," '1o. ifS Urn
Court Room In ,th'o Court Dr. To Post'Masters Post ,_
House L.D.BOQERS.THIS -- Office'
II in IS
laid HBBBBY : .
at twelve o'oIOck.on c117. NOTIOE GIVEN, That six stamps. Of 1
i from Administrator's
Monday the
13th date I shall '
day Clt apply to the Notice.
S October next, 1831. .. Jtdge of Probate ot Jhml eouty, tor ftna.l% SI3DE: TJJ | .. THE undersigned Polltmuter at Pleasant Groyc 'SIX! MONTHS AFTR: tastitOOc:
A. G. BENSON..B. chart from theAdmmistration Tof the Estate 5 Co.. .Maryland,waitho ,' we: ym
first OUr
.4 -. .,A PUTNAM Matttew H. PhiHps. latof sold county otDui, .U:8r'Sr; nv SJi In the U-S.' who conceiTed and undertook person exteDlively HOE.Judge of.Prot accounta and.TOuChers tOths. :*U1
f'I S GEO. U.I FAIRBANKS ,deceased.August 231851. ALBERT' (to .0."PHILIPs. .Jt 'ovwuc 1 'alIILuoqv t fives with publWt;idea.or.Applym,, an poet ot- ;Florida,fo r.. finAl iettl.t for. Columbiao U'l. batthe
CcrtvrisjoIfjPg. S 'Executor. .. S... ,.,&Tgwo.Id nted atampa. AU..tamps made by.him hiigefr0 ; and as e '
,. .Aug.9,1S51. 'W' Old Iron :Bra 1 : > heelS iv Plog can are warr equal or.En .ri sloany qther that B5tte t riher 4dmIniat.atjog of II.. Ptn:
lt I and Copper Wanted! h' 'aSIa1vHzllaNXiia&ng bo procUred at th.:samOprlc'andwheneye: ofAchIbald n guns Uvh
S late afield c '
.h Not1 e. haTing old Iron Erase lNtrlll.'Sanr.COU! "',cHlIOO anyare sent out.In. anyWaydefbetlve Oi unsatie.. .tlideeWed, :of- :whIch ACt
pERSONS aUpesonsnteyeetd
01'Copper *> tory,duplicates shall '
Ill Six MONTHS after cb.t.,.I will present to : they.wil. ,io d1sPc1t! of, 'will find wrWw'ts&X; : ;:!' ; 'vlOjz; 4J out charge. All who keforiardcd orderset. ofl notice,with.. ate desired to takenoUc ,.; inf<

UI j Honorable Judge ot JrobAte for CoI1JtDbia ready sate for cli they can brbr at tbeFeuN. ,'/\ r'rIr.,y ,- .' CUANGZ 1'01t. DATES;' at'oJonara; : otltrb: WITH 'Z'-HOGAN dm'r.., thin
cOUnty.mya000untsnnd D iT5Jacksoizylfle, FJa. ,and Lefftava' thIrty'ploc ) ; c ri-rol"{ ': J.. .
: Bet
Administrator youchenl as .. receite liberal '4iivt .i'i' t1' s-ahaflbekep bj ROBERTS; Adth'z.
on the. Estate&mud Hinson prlce5, ; -" i "- : .C:<' -emn.u ieo Address :Post; Masterlflez1royo AU(4torFJa., Mar 1'1, 1831. te3p
kt, of said ll c Gui
count, deceated; for which'ad OEORGEMOOEy_ ..atJ 00 r tyCo.Md. Allege. i
-: persona concerned 11&71'1. Propnet r. .ririh .' .5- c Icl0fltf&IJI1qub! .tIJ! JO .lt1 Any -- S ;; a:
i t ; -AdmIfllSrzLtors
t kenoUceasIshallas arehereby eqn ated to .. ,- 'tf : 3 times, ana oove.i."dWDO\Ioe} lYoUce.;' nsinjsrea
s toie disch iged from L''''' pa qJatl'9"u.l: .0' O" sending *copy Otpapeiphauraeey0: :1V1OTICE. :IShIEEBY. .
; :
th. fIU1htr administration Notice Creditors QUVn '';J pal IK WOOD XXTTXKS: ,whenever ii GIVEN" .Thai. JIr
otsdd twice months
S estAte. ; : of ihe tro ,
Bill date Ie lays
-.1II'Y<< is th
ibsllipply to.
u Little Blyt, WMJL ROUSSEAU. ,' Adm'r, ALL'PBRSON: haTlDg demand,igslustthe: Uf'i'j'j o&'t'7'oe"4t,. ...uA M. graving wOl onieredorpef.4,to s'rootten.: IHon'J dge'ofproBateofD lbs. .cIruQJI1:
Aug. 16, ist: ; (1m B.Read order or, an engraved 4 :final discharge nl"cpuD&", .
; head trom'lh6
7J late newspaper
S.- ot DUTal ; and design'of the Admlnht of ]
< .., -- tent CouctJ deceuectar ,hereby nottfld to'pr. HOnns'AJT.EB.&d1fljsttorJNoU.: _r. : f DoUs>f.; *n -'.:-. -\1.* >flB ;Jira nIGo'of,14.185ti Five tEstate ot. 8olomo'n.Huffingham.Jato of _.. iy. h
lIEW'V.tOTlDlfG: them 10 the'weriiped ithh SIX DATE Ijii&j.t i ; .s .countwot.DUTA1 disc
STORE.. ... t'oyers f : [ --oJ deceuedh :
Lifl J, iroDB. rent'haI'peDed a DeW from: pi.dteofthjs uoUce.ol'th9-'wiU: be : o1iu:.T J Droor.OW1:deo."Ac1mInIat.... &\ efthEge of !Bears: Bcarir:'JIr.-? Bear Ut ''U ; ... L, ,,- rr .. .: 'WM. B' B'OBS Afm'r.( \- liat*
to ,
A.ND DRY.GOODS torner.bantd"1 the.tatu.. :. ; IflOfl ai Ute 7, .J
mluch : ;
fk(: one deer Rut of XrJ STOU.on innegaa'g Baystree .. and P"1ULCOJl'i ; CUt:mad., !&at.J'dP ',aal IeWem8J1aa4, for thi Co1Uit."otUY! I,.;&114' ITudgeofProbat I X ';GREASE thit 'the'Cltlwns OIL and''- :: 1,83t ,. _. __.e .4 .

'I 1 faU'lD kie cIU2ensofJcksonmoa&th M BREADALBANE'' am''ahd' fors; .l1q1F&Ue of the .' to.melD.t&TIbah OfFloridawlilIitlflpayfor : fl1 xee.lor

I S surroundIng. eOv.ntry; t.o come ADd .tee '- ..' .::'! OR d- .., dIbchaxpfr. the idminletra. [OneDollar. 0.Q4.11thl:! ; the Oil. :;1VotJce faacift

( If -' --- new.Inr Itore To* will lX'5lUTely.buyyonr' :forthem.I lntjj-, : S tf 13 183t..t.:. ....,. ..'..,:Adm1nW.. ..; .. ;,3iD'" .:' I ;"t.;' ..'". .--,1'D'OIUS'LlDW.1'l'At t .,!j ', ,'. \PDun4t&rtIc1esaust be Drttll.l'i/I Cert*a, ''NOrICJl11S'IumEBY OIVEN, :ThaEI
cheaper "S P.oill
: thanereryon: did In J'acbonIODT.lUiWoriL MOSTi om.en$ I .. ... ,-.. t.__. .:,...., _J J t__,,6j J; ,. _"" tytitivclj.feeci1heffl.3*-raiD tfgwvjutgtfQf( vtott HOD..rudlO; otMProJat) ot, 1 Duyal shall apply US
J. IA 'Of'LadJes )
.II, l85I MODLS Ii ,.tu1aJoiiaile I !themA Tk*,mist M fnatdisch&rge countlfot.
,jJUlLi ia'4 f.T 131. Bonetipid Pan.soltJ b, ,, I f'DOR "A t.h'NJlW..qODPJdJ1; :: )l' I bn1iti uihlrtJtltlft.t::: I'i from'the :AdmIn! tt1 rof ll .
'j'i c IN"at 'C '" J 1 r.d Real "to.rtttl1l 'jly'D ttt \10_ ,,, 'II. t J6tll QR rs::"'\'' HWPaEySyij"i? Duvalidec BataCe-ot.TOJiJf'Ye Di DiIJ t ot saldcounfy 01 *of "c J

itaW .f tn". driptl& :''''.:Jtj'IO'' ) i .*$"VQG ued; :' :. .;, :;;rAl, b It.tal :frl.,

Noi. 16, 1830.> Ij, SataMG Trfa