Front Cover
 Title Page
 Robinson Crusoe
 Back Cover

Title: Robinson Crusoe, his life and adventures
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054403/00001
 Material Information
Title: Robinson Crusoe, his life and adventures
Physical Description: 88 p., 12 leaves of plates : ill. (12 col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Griset, Ernest Henry, 1844-1907 ( Illustrator )
Dalziel, Edward, 1817-1905 ( Engraver )
Dalziel, George, 1815-1902 ( Engraver )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Frederick Warne (Firm) ( Publisher )
Emrik & Binger ( Printer )
Publisher: Frederick Warne and Co.
Place of Publication: London
New York
Publication Date: 1887
Copyright Date: 1887
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1887   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1887   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
Citation/Reference: Smith, R.D.H. Crusoe 250,
General Note: Cover with col. ill. has title: Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Black and white ill. signed E.G.; engraved by Dalziel.
General Note: "Emrik & Binger, Chromolith. 21a Berners St., W."--P. <4> of cover.
General Note: Publisher's advertisement p. <4> of cover.
General Note: Part I of Robinson Crusoe, retold.
Statement of Responsibility: illustrated with numerous original wood engravings and twelve full-page coloured plates.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00054403
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - AJK2064
oclc - 27081396
alephbibnum - 001778775

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Title Page
        Page 4
    Robinson Crusoe
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 20a
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23-24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
    Back Cover
        Page 89
        Page 90
Full Text


-. ...
_i.. '. L 1 ,''

-. -.Ji- * l.a


.. a. --- - /.

*, .A . '* '*. i-

A6 a. as-!I !Ia ."i R


-~~ 5*.i

a . a,
sL-A' ~f -~: V ... *aB* -
-. *.-t.. -

I- I

The BIld~ifl L~hnry
RsPUryaat 'lry
. f unds






fllustrattzb Wtitb numerous Original M1ootb Engrabins,

-^-^"~ ~ ----Ss ^_--

: -_ '"



third son of a rich merchant who
lived in the city of York. His father
wished him to be a lawyer when he grew
1- up, but the boy had a great longing to go
i-: to sea, and could think of nothing but
sailing to strange countries, and seeing
wonderful things. This wish of his made
his parents very sad; and one day his
father, who was kept in his room by the gout, sent for Crusoe, and told
him how much he grieved his parents by this wish, and reproved him
for his desire to go wandering idly over the world. "Crusoe ought," the
old gentleman said, to stay at home and work honestly, and try to be a
comfort to his mother and father; if he disobeyed them God would not
bless him, and he would have great sorrow." The poor man shed tears as
he spoke, and Crusoe felt very sorry, and said that he would stay at home
and obey his father. But this good resolution did not last; for being a
year afterwards at the town of Hull, where there were ships, he met one
of his idle companions, who invited him to go on board his father's vessel
with him, and then persuaded Crusoe to sail with them to London, telling
him that it should be no expense to him, and that it would be a very
pleasant trip. Crusoe, thus tempted, forgot his promise, and without
asking his father's leave, or even letting him know where he was gone, he
sailed away with his bad companion.


But the ship had no sooner got out of the Humber-the river on
which Hull stands,-than the wind began to blow very hard, and the
waves to rise in a frightful manner. Crusoe had never seen the sea
before, so he was dreadfully frightened, and very sea-sick. He felt then
how wrong and wicked he had been, and was very sorry. He thought
every moment that the great waves would swallow up the ship tossed on
them; but the next day the wind went down; Crusoe was quite well, and
he thought the smooth blue sea with the sun shining on it was the finest
sight he had ever seen. On the sixth day they reached Yarmouth
Roads, having been detained on their way there by a calm, and a wind
that blew against them. Here they anchored, and remained for eight
days, the wind being still contrary.
And then arose another dreadful storm. Though the ship was at
anchor, the master thought that nothing could save her from driving and
being lost. They cut away the masts; but in the middle of the night
one of the men who had been sent down to see, came up and told the
master that the vessel had sprung a leak, and that there were four feet of
water in the hold. Crusoe was lying on his bed, but they called him to
help pump out the sea, and he had to obey them, and work very hard.
Then finding that the ship must sink, the master fired off a gun every
minute to call for help. Another vessel, just ahead, sent a boat to them,
though it was very dangerous to do so, and the brave men in her had
great trouble to get alongside the ship. But they managed to pull her
under the stern, and the master, the crew, and Crusoe got into her. The
sailors could not, however, row back to their own ship, and had to try and
reach the shore. Before they did so-indeed, when Crusoe had been
only a quarter of an hour out of the ship-she went down.
At last, with great difficulty, the boat was brought to the shore, where
a number of ready hands were waiting to pull her up on the beach.
From the place they landed at the shipwrecked men had to walk back


to Yarmouth. Here the people were very kind to them, and gave them
food, clothes, and money to take them home or to London. If Crusoe
had gone back to his father then he would have been forgiven, and might
have lived happily; but he did not. He went to London. While there
he became friends with the captain of a merchant vessel who was
going soon to sail to the coast of
Africa, or Guinea, and who asked
Crusoe to go with him. His first
.- shipwreck had not cured the lad of
his love of the sea. He consented to
make this voyage; but it is pleasant
to learn that he let his parents know
that he was alive, and that his
father and other friends gave him
some money to buy toys and beads,
with which he might trade with the
.- negroes of Guinea. This voyage
was a very successful one. With
forty pounds worth of toys, &c.,
Crusoe gained three hundred
pounds worth of gold dust, and brought it home quite safely. Soon
after they landed his good friend the captain died. However, he
had taught Crusoe a great deal about the way to manage a ship,
and the lad thought that he would like to make another voyage to
Guinea. Now the mate who had sailed with the captain the last time
had succeeded him in the command of the ship, and Crusoe offered to
go with him. But he left two hundred pounds of his money with the
captain's widow, begging her to take care of it for him; and only spent
one hundred of it in toys and trifles to trade with the negroes. This
proved a very unhappy voyage; for as they were sailing between the


Canary Islands and the African Coast they saw, in the grey of the
morning, a vessel which they knew was a Turkish rover from Sallee. A
rover was a sea-robber,, or pirate, from the coast of Barbary, and merchant
ships were very much afraid of these vessels, for they fought very fiercely,
and if they took the ship, they not only robbed the captain and crew of all
their property, but carried them ashore and sold them for slaves. Crusoe's
ship crowded on all the sails she had, but she could not sail as fast as the
pirate, and at last she had to fire her guns. But the pirates got on board
her, and though the crew fought bravely, the ship was taken, and Crusoe,
the captain, and the crew were all made prisoners and carried to Sallee,
a town belonging to the Moors. Here they were all sold as slaves and
sent up the country, except Crusoe; the captain had taken a liking to
him, and kept him as his own share of the prize. And now Crusoe
began to feel the truth of what his father had said to him that God would
punish a disobedient son. He was only a poor slave, with a chain round
his ankle, and compelled to toil in the sun for his master. Every day,
looking over the sea, he longed to be free, and was always thinking how
he could escape.
But for two years there was no chance of his doing so. At last the
pirate, not being able to get money enough to fit out his ship, used once
or twice a week to go out fishing in the pinnace (a large boat), and always
took with him a little Moorish boy and Crusoe to help him row. Crusoe
caught fish so well that sometimes his master would send him out in the
boat with one of his own relations and the boy to get fish for dinner.
One day while they were out a fog came on; they lost sight of the shore,
and after rowing about all night, they found themselves in the morning a
long way out at sea. It was very late the next day before they reached
the land, and as they had nothing to eat, they were very hungry. Crusoe's
master was quite frightened at this accident, and in case it should happen
to himself, he had the long boat of the English ship that he had taken


--ET.- E-----N-f- Y -----A-- PRT




fitted with a little cabin, with a table, and places to hold wine and provisions,
and he also put a compass on board.
In this boat Crusoe managed to make his escape, first putting on
board her, secretly, some food and water, some powder and shot. Then
the next time he went out with only the Moor and the boy Xury he
took the man by surprise, seized him suddenly, and threw him overboard.
Crusoe knew that he could swim, and would not be drowned, so he
would not let him come on board again; he threatened to shoot him if
he did. And then the Moor swam towards the land. Crusoe turned to
the boy and asked him if he would be faithful to him; if not, he said he
must throw him overboard also. But Xury smiled, and promised that
he would be true, and they sailed on together. They steered along the
north-west coast of Africa very close to the shore, but they were afraid to
land as the country seemed full of wild beasts; the howling of these
animals at night being dreadful. At last their jars of water were empty,
and they were obliged to land to get them filled. Xury offered to go
alone. Crusoe said, "But why should you go, and I stay in the boat ?"
The boy said, affectionately, If wild mans come they eat me; you
go 'way." "Well, Xury," answered Crusoe, "we will both go, and if the
wild mans come we will kill them; they shall not eat either of us."
So they hauled the boat into the shore, and waded to the beach.
But they did not see any wild men
or beasts. Xury shot a hare, and
they made a fire and roasted it; and
as there was plenty of fresh water
close by they filled their jars, and
when they had eaten their dinner they
went back to the boat. They had to land often to get water, and one
morning, as they were sailing in to go on shore, Xury came to Crusoe
and said,


There is a dreadful monster on the side of that hillock fast asleep."
Crusoe looked where he pointed, and saw that it was a great and
terrible lion that lay on the side of the shore.
Xury," he said, "you shall go on shore and kill him."
Xury looked frightened, and said, Me kill! He eat me at one
mouth!" One mouthful he meant.
Crusoe said no more to the boy, but
took two guns and loaded them; then he
fired at the lion and wounded him in the
Sleg. The creature rose on three legs and
i~jI 1 gave a dreadful roar; but Crusoe fired again
and hit him in the head, and killed him.
Not long after this adventure they were
Seen and picked up by a Portuguese ship,
and the captain of it took them to the
Brazils. Here Crusoe was tempted to buy
a plantation, to pay for which he wrote to
his friend the widow for his two hundred
Pounds. Thus he became a sugar planter,
Sand was making money; but his old rest-
lessness soon returned, and when the other
planters asked him to go to Guinea for them, to bring back slaves to work
in their plantations, he at once agreed to go.
But again Crusoe was to find how dangerous the sea is. A dreadful
hurricane came on, and the ship was blown quite out of her right course,
and no one on board her knew where she had drifted. When the
storm ceased they found that she was leaky, and the captain then thought
that they had better go back to Brazil. But Crusoe was against it, and
looking over the charts with him, persuaded him to steer to some of the
English West India Islands. However, a second storm overtook them;


they were carried away by it still further westward, quite out of the way
of ships, and towards the lands of savages. In this distress, the wind
blowing very hard, one of the men early in the morning cried out,
"Land," and the Captain and Crusoe no
sooner ran on deck than the ship struck on
a sandbank. The great waves dashed over
her, and as the sailors expected every minute
that she would break to pieces, the mate and
the rest of the men got out the only boat
they had left and slung it over the side.
They all got into it, and pushed off from -
the ship. But a great wave came rolling astern, and at once overset
it. Crusoe was caught by the wave and carried by it to the land. Here,
however, before he could escape it, another wave came over him, dashing
him against a rock, but still carrying him onwards. He seized a point of
rock, to which he clung
desperately, and held it
till the wave abated;
then, running as fast as
possible, he gained the
shore, and sitting down
to rest, thanked God for
sparing his life. Not
one soul had been saved
but himself, and he
thought sorrowfully of
his lost shipmates as he
sat alone looking out at
the stranded vessel, that he could still see on the sand where it had
struck. Night had come on, and as he thought of how entirely alone he


was, dripping wet, and with nothing about him but a knife, a tobacco
pipe, and a little tobacco in a box, he began to dread that he had only
escaped from the sea to die on the land. He was now very thirsty, so
he walked nearly a mile inland to see if he could find any fresh water.
Happily he discovered a rill, and having
drunk, and put a little tobacco in his mouth
to prevent hunger, he sought for a tree in
which he could pass the night, for he
feared that there might be ravenous beasts
in that country, who in the darkness would
be seeking for their prey, and might devour
He found a thick high tree, and, first
cutting himself a short stick like a truncheon
to defend himself with, he climbed up into
it, seated himself between the branches,
and was soon fast asleep, for he was worn
out by fatigue and sorrow.
When Crusoe awoke it was broad
day, the sky clear, and the wind nearly
gone; and he was much surprised to see that the ship had been
lifted off the sand where she lay by the rising tide, and had been driven
almost as near shore as the rock against which he had been cast. This
was about a mile from the land. The ship was standing quite upright.
He wished that he were on board that he might get some things necessary
for his use. When he came down from the tree the first thing he saw
was the boat, which the wind and the sea had tossed up upon the land
about two miles on the right hand, but separated from Crusoe by an inlet
of the sea, so that he could not reach her. His chief wish, however, now
was to get on board the ship to obtain food and clothes. A little after

PL 3

~ ~ .. ......,
.4 9._.



noon the tide ebbed, and he found that he could walk to within a quarter
of a mile of the wreck. .
Then he saw with sorrow
that if he and the crew had
stayed on the vessel they
could all have reached the --
shore safely; and tears of a
regret filled his eyes. How- -
ever, he undressed and
swam to the ship, but it -----
was difficult to get on board, o _
for as she -lay aground she
was high out of the water.
Crusoe swam round her twice, and the second time saw a small piece of
rope hanging down by the forechains. With great difficulty he seized
hold of it and got on the forecastle. Then he
.. found that the ship had a great deal of water
in her hold, but that as she lay on the side of
a sandbank all her quarter was free of the sea,
and everything there was dry. The provisions
were not touched by the water, and he began
to think how he could get them on shore. In
order to do so, he flung some spare yards and
spars of wood overboard, tying each by a rope
that it might not get away. Then going down
the ship's side, he made of them (with the
addition of a spare topmast) a raft, which he
loaded by degrees with all the articles that
he thought would be most useful to him;,
casks of rice, Dutch cheeses and corn, guns,.


powder and shot. These stores he carried down to his raft, which was
at last fully laden. He guided it with an oar, and at last managed to
get it to the shore; there he fastened it by sticking two broken oars into
the earth and tying it to them.
His next work was to examine the country, and find a place to live
in, and to store his goods. There was a hill about a mile away that
was very steep and high. Crusoe took a gun and a pistol (he had
found two), and thus armed, travelled to it and he climbed it
with great labour and difficulty. When he reached
the top he could see for a great distance, and he
found that the country he was in had water all round
it, so you know it was an island. He could not see
any houses or huts, therefore he thought he must be
on a desert land with nothing but wild beasts on it;
but in this last belief he was mistaken; there were
none. Afar off across the sea he saw two other small
S. --. islands. As he returned he shot a great bird,
\: sitting on a tree at the side of a wood. The
moment he fired a great number of birds of all
kinds, making a great noise of screaming, rose up
into the.air, but Crusoe did not know the name of
any one of them. He went back to the raft and
spent all the rest of the day in getting his stores on shore.
Afraid that another storm might come on and break the ship to
pieces, Crusoe swam out to her again the next day. Once more on
board the wreck, he made a second but rather smaller raft; on it he
brought on shore many useful things: two or three bags full of nails and
spikes, a great screw-jack, a dozen or two of hatchets, and that
most useful thing, a grindstone, to sharpen them on. Then he
found seven muskets, a bag of small shot, several fowling pieces,


and two barrels of musket bullets. Besides these he took all the men's
clothes he could find, a spare foretopsail, a hammock, and some bedding.
As soon as he had brought the second raft to the shore, Crusoe set
to work to make a little tent with the sail and some poles which he cut
for that purpose, and into this tent he brought everything that would
spoil with rain or sun. Then he piled all the empty chests and casks up
in a circle round the tent, to protect it from any attack by wild beasts.
When he had done this he blocked up the door with some boards
within, and an empty chest set up on end without, and spreading
one of the beds on the ground, laying his
two pistols just at his head, and his gun
at his side, he went to bed for the first -T ''- "
time on the island, and slept very quietly '
all night, for he was very tired. '
Crusoe thought it best to go every day 0A' .''.' ,-
to the wreck, to bring away with him
whatever he could, such. as small ropes, i ,
twine, spare .canvas, and barrels of gun-
powder. After six voyages he still found
another barrel of biscuits-a great hogs-
head of them-a box of sugar, a barrel of flour, and three runlets
of rum. He brought on shore also some pieces of the great cable,
which he had broken up. He had been eleven times to the ship,
when one day he found a locker with drawers in it, in one of which
he saw two or three razors, a dozen knives and forks, and in another
about thirty-six pounds in coins of different countries. He smiled at
the sight of this money.
"Oh! drug," said he, "thou art not worth taking. One of these
knives is worth all this heap. Remain where thou art."
But on second thoughts he took it, and, wrapping it in a piece of


canvas, began to think of making another raft, but suddenly the sky
became overcast, and the wind began to rise. Crusoe thought that he
had better get back to the shore at once, therefore he swam across the
.. -. channel, though with difficulty, on
--.--. account of the weight of the things
he carried, and the roughness of the
sea, but he reached his little tent
-. safely. It blew very hard that night,
Sand when Crusoe looked out in the
morning the ship was no longer to
--- -- be seen. He was glad then that he
had been able to bring away so much before the wreck was washed away.
Crusoe now began to think of making a dwelling for himself, and a
place to keep his property in. He found a little plain on the side of a
rising hill, which was very steep, so that nothing could come down
upon him from the top. On the surface of this rock was a hollow place,
worn a little way in, but not quite a cave. Just before this hollow place
he pitched his tent. He made, however, half a circle first before it, and
put round it strong stakes or pillars of wood, as high as a tall man, with
their points sharpened. Then he put in another row of stakes, and
between the two he laid the pieces of the ship's cable; a third row of
posts followed, and made so strong a wall that neither man nor beast
could get over it. It had no door. Crusoe made a ladder, by
which he could go over the top and draw the ladder up when he
was inside.
Into this strong place Crusoe took all his provisions, his gunpowder and
shot. Then he put up one small tent and another larger one over it
close by the fortress, covering the large tent with an oiled cloth called
tarpaulin that he had brought from the wreck, to keep out the rain, which
falls very heavily in hot countries. A storm of thunder and lightning

PL. 4.


..,..~~~ . .. .... ,...,,.

~' I

,: ,-.-.'?PF~~.~ a~i:

~' .' ,- ,;.

.:, .... A.


?! ':, ''. . '' ". ...":L '! ..-.. .,.-.,. :,. .' a :.
-: s .,.- '--- :. ." ,' ". ..



happened just then, and he was so afraid of the lightning touching his
gunpowder and blowing it up, that he divided it about in boxes and
bags, and, put it in different places. Whilst he was making his tree wall,
he went out once every day with his gun to see if he could kill anything
fit for food. He soon found that there were wild goats in the island, but
they were so shy that he could never shoot them on the plain. How-
ever, he observed that when he was on the hills they took no notice of
him; therefore he climbed the rock, and then firing down on them, killed
one that had a kid by her side. Crusoe was sorry for that, and as the
kid followed its dead mother, he took it in his arms and lifted it over his
enclosure. But it would not eat, and he was obliged to kill it. We
must not forget to mention that Crusoe took two cats from the ship
with him; a dog, also on board, jumped
out of the ship himself and swam "-
on shore to Crusoe. He proved a
very faithful servant and friend to the ..-
shipwrecked man, and was as good as a
companion, though a dumb one. Crusoe ,
also brought from the wreck, paper, pens,
ink, mathematical instruments, dials, and
telescopes. In his own cargo he had also -
found three very good Bibles, which he
brought on shore. 2.
It was, by Crusoe's account, the 3oth of
September when he first set foot in this
island. When he had been there ten or
twelve days, it came into his mind that he IS
would lose his count of time for want of r
books and pen and ink, and thus he might even forget the Sabbath
day. To prevent this, he cut with his knife upon a piece of wood :


and nailed it on a long post as a cross. He set it up on the shore where
he landed. Upon the sides of this square post he cut every day a notch
with a knife. Every seventh notch he cut as long again as the week-
day ones, and every first day of the month as long again as that long
seventh one; and thus he kept his reckoning of time.
By-and-bye Crusoe raised a wall of turf outside his tent, and some
time afterwards roofed it over with rafters.
X -. ,... !.sl He made for himself a chair and table out
.' of the short pieces of board he had brought
from the ship, but it was a task that
.. :1 .required great patience. And now he
began to keep a journal: that is, to write
down every day what he did; and we
Shall copy some of it here for you to
read just as Crusoe wrote it, beginning
.. after he had set up the cross on the
an. 3.-I made my rounds in the woods for game every day when
the rain permitted me, and I found a wild pigeon, which built, not as
wood pigeons in a tree, but in the holes of the rock. Taking some
young ones, I tried to bring them up tame, and did so; but when they.
grew older they flew away-which perhaps was for want of feeding them,
for I had nothing to give them. But I often found their nests and got.
their young ones, which were very good meat.
I was at a great loss for candles, for as soon as ever it grew dark I
was obliged to go to bed. The only remedy I had was that when I killed
a goat I saved the tallow (that is, the fat), and with a little dish made of
clay which I baked in the sun, to which I added a wick of some oakum,
I made me a lamp, and this gave me light, though not a clear,



steady light like a candle. In the midst of my labours it happened
that, rummaging my things, I found a little bag, which had been
filled with corn for the feeding of poultry. The little remainder
of seeds that had been in the bag was all devoured by the rats,
and I saw nothing in it but husks and dust, and being willing to have
the bag for some other use (I think it was to put powder in when I
divided it for fear of the lightning) I shook the husks of corn out of it on
one side of my fortifications under the rock. It was a little before the
great rains that I threw this stuff away; when about a month after I saw
some few stalks of something green shooting
South of the ground, which I fancied might
be some plant I had not seen ; but I was
perfectly astonished when, after a little -- '
longer time, I saw about ten or twelve ears
come out, which were perfectly green barley,
of the same kind as our English barley.
"It is impossible to describe the as-
tonishment and confusion of my thoughts
on this occasion. I had very few notions of
religion in my head, but after I saw barley
grow there, in a climate which I knew was
not proper for corn, and as I knew not how
it came there, I began to think that God
had miraculously caused His grain to grow
for my food in this wild, miserable place.
This touched my heart, and brought tears to my eyes. It really was
the work of Providence to me which had ordered that ten or twelve
grains of corn should remain unspoiled, and that I should throw it
on that particular place, where, being in the shade of a high rock, it
sprang up at once. I carefully saved the ears of this corn, you may


be sure, in their season, and laying up every corn, resolved to sow them
all again."
Crusoe was surprised in April by a shock of earthquake, which very
much frightened him, and made him resolve to move his tent from under
the overhanging rock for fear it should fall and crush him. He thought
that he would build a wall in a circle as before, and set his tent in it.
The next morning he began to think of the means to be used to make
this new fence. His tools had grown very blunt,
Sand were full of notches, and though he had a grind-
'stone, as you may recollect, he could not turn it and
Sgrind his tools also. At length he contrived a wheel
Switch a string, to turn it with his foot, so that he
J- could use both hands, and thus he managed to
S grind all his tools.
SMeantime Crusoe had hollowed out the place in
the rock with an iron pick, and had made it his
store-house. The earthquake threw pieces of the
wreck on shore, and Crusoe worked at getting planks from it. One
day he was so happy as to find a turtle or tortoise on the beach. He
cooked it the next day, and found it very nice food; he had grown tired
of eating nothing but goats and birds. In June he was taken very ill
with a disease called ague. On June 27th he wrote in his journal:-
"The ague again so violent that I lay a-bed all day, and neither ate
nor drank. I was ready to perish for thirst, but so weak I had not
strength to stand up, or to get myself any water to drink. Prayed to
God, but was light-headed, and when I was not I was so ignorant that I
knew not what to say; only I lay, and cried 'Lord, look on me! Lord,
pity me! Lord, have mercy upon me!' I suppose I did nothing else
for two or three hours, till the fit wearing off, I fell asleep, and did not
wake till far in the night."


"June 28th.-Having been refreshed by the sleep I had had, and
the ague fit entirely gone, I got up. I knew that the fit of the ague
would return the next day, and now was my time to get something to
refresh and support me when I should be ill; and the first thing I did I
filled a large, square case-bottle with water, and set it upon my table, in
reach of my bed; and to take off the chill of the water I put about
a quarter of a pint of rum into it and mixed them together. Then I got
me a piece of the g.. oat's flesh and
broiled it on the coals, but could eat
very little. I walked I about, but was very
weak and heavy-. hearted, dreading the
return of the ague; d the next day. At
night I ate my supper of three turtle's eggs
roasted in the ashes, i and this was the first
bit of meat I had ever asked God's blessing
to" (that is, said grace before eating)
"even, as I could remember, in my
whole life." Poor Crusoe then
thought that perhaps tobacco might cure
his illness, and he went to the chest in
which he kept it to get some. There he
found also a Bible. He took it out, and
while he used his tobacco medicine he
opened it, and came upon these words of God, "Call upon me in
the day of trouble, and I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me."
Crusoe felt then how near God is to all of us, and how good He
is; and that night, before he lay down to sleep, he did what he had
never done before-he kneeled down and prayed to God to keep His
promise and hear him in his trouble. After his prayer he drank the
rum, in which he had put some tobacco. It was very nasty, but it made


him sleep till three o'clock the next day, and then
he woke very much better. God had heard his
prayer, and from that time he grew better.
By the 3rd of July the ague was gone; but he
was very weak still. He thanked God for making
him well again, and then he began reading the
Bible every morning and every night, and he soon
found that it made him very happy, and he was,
no longer so lonely, for now he knew that God
was ever near him, and ready to hear his prayer.
As soon as Crusoe was well enough, he made
up his mind to walk as far as he could over the
island. He found that there were many pleasant
meadows in it, that tobacco grew there, and many
other plants whose names he did not know. By-
and-bye, as he went further on, he came to woods
and fruit trees. He found also melons growing
on the ground in great quantities, and amongst the
great trees fine grape-vines had grown and twined round their branches;
he saw the sweet purple and green grapes hanging from them. He found
also orange trees, lemons, and citrons.
He managed to dry the grapes in the
hot sun, then theybecame raisins, which
he laid by to use in the rainy season;
lemons and limes would keep also, to
be eaten when the rains kept him in
his tent. In this lovely place Crusoe
built himself a bower, making a
double hedge round it to keep it safe,
and he called it his country house. He


was much surprised, about this time, '
by an increase to his family. One of .,
his cats had run away and been lost, ,, .
but about the end of August she came
back and brought three kittenswith her.
In the rainy season Crusoe em-
ployed himself at home making useful
things. For example, he wanted a
basket, and as he found some nice -7
twigs near his country house, he cut
them down, and with them made some ex-
S : cellent baskets, while the dog and pussy
looked on.
It was very lucky that when he was a
Sboy he had taken great delight in standing
at a basket-
maker's shop, ,'
and watching
him make
--- wicker-work
articles ; and -
being, as boys generally are, glad to help, he
had thus learned -a most useful art. He
next resolved to make some clay pots. He
took some clay, moistened it, and worked
it into shape with his hands. Then he made
a fire of wood and put all round them. He
kept adding sticks to the fire till he saw that
the pots were red-hot all through. He had -
to watch them carefully for fear the sand that


he had mixed with the clay should run into glass, and he succeeded very
well; he had at last made three pipkins and two
jars that would stand fire, and one was glazed,
or shiny, from the sand running. He was so
o sJ pleased when he could hang his great pot over
the fire he made, and boil his goat's meat
instead of roasting it. Crusoe had caught a
i parrot when he was on one of his journeys,
Sand this bird gave him a great pleasure.
When Crusoe had been nearly seven years
on the island, his clothes, and all those that he
had brought on shore, were quite worn to rags.
So now he had to make a suit for himself.
He had saved the skins of all the animals he
had killed, and had dried them in the sun.
Of these he now made himself a suit of
clothes. He made first a great cap to
keep his head from the sun; next a
jacket and trousers. He had before man-
aged to make for himself a large umbrella.
But his most difficult task was the
building of a boat. He did build a
large one, but had then no power of moving
her, and she was of no use. Afterwards he
cut down a tree much nearer the shore,
and succeeded, by his patience and hard J-
work, in building a nice little boat there.
He put up a mast in it, and a sail made of -
some of the ship's sail that he had in store;
he added little lockers, or cupboards, and ---

PL 5.


"rs :;~ -,-




a long hollow place in which he could lay his gun. He fixed his umbrella
in the stern, and putting in two dozen loaves of barley bread, a pot full of
cold rice, a little bottle of rum, half a goat, and powder and shot, he set
sail to go all round the is-
land. He had- t w o large
watch coats which he had
saved out of the seamen's
chests. One of these he took
to cover him in the night,
and thus ready for the voyage,
he set sail. It was in
the seventh year after his shipwreck that he set out. He did not think
his voyage would be a long one, for the island was not large, but when
he came to the east side of it, he found
a great ledge of rocks running out a long
way into the sea, and some sar-ds and rocks
lying beyond them. r He went on shore,
anchoring his little boat with a broken
grappling iron taken from the wreck; but
the next day he sailed again, and, alas was
suddenly carried away by a strong
current. Then poor Crusoe wished him-
self safely back in his island home. He
was in great danger, but at last, by very
hard work, he man- aged to bring the
boat again to the land, and found him-
self very near a spot I he had before visited.
By evening he had -" reached his bower, or
country house. He got over the fence,
and lay down, and soon fell fast asleep, but he was awakened by a


voice calling "Robin, Robin, Robin Crusoe! Poor Robin Crusoe!
Where are you, Robin ? Where are you ? Where have you been ?"
Awaking out of a deep sleep, Crusoe could not think who was calling
him, and sat up quite frightened. But there he saw his Poll sitting on
the top of the hedge, and he knew then that it was the bird that he had
taught who was calling to him.
Crusoe called "Poll !" and the tame parrot came and sat on his
thumb, repeating "Poor Robin
Crusoe Where have you been ?
Can you not o imagine how very
sad, and yet how t pleased poor
Crusoe was at hearing his name
spoken once more? How glad he was
that he had taught i his pet bird to talk.
At least, now he I would hear a voice
speaking words- not only barking
and bird twittering. And now Crusoe,
who had constantly practised making
pottery, had so im- proved that he con-
trived to make M them with a wheel,
and could therefore shape them nicely;
and he was very proud when he had
succeeded in mak- "1 ing a tobacco-pipe,
and could smoke it while he played
with his pets at home. He hadalso
impro ved very much in making
baskets, and was able to bring home
the flesh of a goat when he had killed one and cut it up. But when he
had been eleven years on the island he began to fear that his powder
and shot were getting low, and as he dared not use it all up for fear of


enemies coming, he began to con-
trive how to catch some goats in

which had all failed, he suc-
ceeded. One morning, going
to see his traps, he found .in one a large old he-goat, and in the others
three kids-a male and two females.
As he did not know what to do with the old goat, who was very
fierce, he let it out, and it ran away as if it had been frightened out of its
wits. If Crusoe had thought of it, he would have remembered that
hunger will tame the wildest beasts, and he
might have given the goat a very little corn
and water till he had tamed it-but he did
not; however, he had three young ones, and
taking them one by one he tied them
with strings together, kI wa and with some diffi-
culty drew them all th to his house. He had
one tame kid already amongst his pets.
It was a good while before the kids
he had thus taken would feed, but he
threw them some h sweet corn, and thus
tempted them, and they became tame.
But he knew that if he expected them to
be tame always as a flock of sheep, he
must keep them -a" away from the wild
goats; and the only way to do this was
to have some in a closed piece of ground, well fenced either with a
hedge or paling, so that they might not break out, nor the wild ones get
in. This was hard work for one pair of hands, but as Crusoe saw that


it must be done, he looked about to find a proper place, where there was
nice fresh grass and water to drink, and cover to keep them from the sun.
He found a pretty piece of
S meadow land with two or three
rills of water in it, and at one
4 of end of it a very thick little wood.
o/ He began enclosing this
Ground for the space of quite two
Smiles, for he thought he had time
S enough to do anything; but when
a about fifty yards were done, he
S remembered that the goats, in
~ such a space, would be nearly
Swild, and he would have great
dary trouble in chasing them to catch
them, so he resolved instead to
enclose a piece of about 19o yards
in length and i oo yards in width.
He was three months hedging in
this ground. When it was done he tethered the three goats in the best
part of it ; and very often he took them ears of barley or a handful of rice
for a treat, and fed them out of his hand, so that when he let them loose
they followed him up and down bleating for a handful of corn. In about
a year and a half he had twelve goats, and in two years more three-and-
forty, besides several that he had killed for his food. After that he
enclosed five pieces more land with gates opening from one to the other,
and little pens to drive the goats into when he wanted to take one.
And now he had not only goat's flesh to eat, but milk-a food he had
never hoped for, and which was an agreeable surprise. He set up a
dairy, and had sometimes a gallon or two of milk a day. He resolved,

PL 6.




..,- , .

...... CR U SO E .I H.. . .



therefore, to make cheese and butter, and after many vain attempts he
succeeded, and was never without it afterwards.
And Crusoe now, indeed, thanked God for all His mercies, for a
table had been spread for him in the wilderness, where he had at first
expected to die of hunger. He wrote in his journal:-
It would have made a stoic- smile (a stoic was a severe person who
despised laughter and jests) "to have seen me and my little family sit
down to dinner. There was my majesty the prince and lord of the whole
island; I had the lives of all my subjects at my absolute command. I
could hang, draw, give liberty, and take it away, and had no rebels
among all my subjects. Then to see how like a king I dined, too, all
alone, attended by my servants; Poll, as if she had been my favourite,
was the only person permitted to talk to me. My dog, who was now
grown old and crazy" (that is, not mad, but a little inferior) "sat always
at my right hand, and two cats, one on one side of the table and one on
the other, expecting now and then a bit from my hand as a mark of
especial favour.
But these were not the two cats which I brought on shore at first,
for they were both of them dead, and had been buried near my habita-
tion by my own hands; but these were two that I had preserved tame;
whereas the rest ran wild in the woods, and became, indeed, troublesome
to me at last, for they would often come into my house and plunder me,
too, till at last I was obliged to shoot them, and did kill a great many;
at length they left me. With this attendance, and in this plentiful manner,
I lived; neither could I be said to want anything but society, and of that
some time after this, I was like to have too much."
Crusoe had a strange uneasiness in his mind, inducing him to go
down to the point of the island where, in his last ramble, he went up the
hill to see how the shore lay, and how the current set, that he might see
how to get his boat back from where he had left it; this feeling increased


day by day, and at last he resolved to walk there, following the edge of
the shore.
He made the journey in five or six days. He travelled first along
the sea-shore directly to this place, where he had first brought his boat to
an anchor to get upon the rocks, and having
---- no boat now to take care of, he went over the
land-a nearer way to the same height that he
;was upon before; when looking forward to
-" ^ -^" -" :- -- :- --_ ": .-' 1 -^-s- ----- '---:-.---
-- -----_._-- the points of the rocks, which ran out into the
g .sea, and which he had been obliged to sail
round, he was surprised now to see the sea all
Smooth and quiet, no rippling, no motion, no
Current, any more than in other places. He
spent some time in watching it, and soon
--understood that it must have been the ebb tide
setting from the west and joining the water of
some great river falling into the ocean on the
shore that had caused the current. He found
that if he noticed and acted on the ebbing
and flowing of the tide, he could easily bring his boat round to the place
where he lived; but when he remembered how dangerous his last voyage
had been, he was quite afraid to attempt another. He resolved instead
to build another boat, so that he would have one at his house and one at
this side of the island, which was near his country dwelling, as he called
it. For you must understand that he had two places to live in on the
island. One was the.tent under the rock, with the great wall of trees
round it and the cave behind, which Crusoe had now made much larger;
in fact, several caves opened from it. One of these -the largest
and driest-had a door to it out beyond his wall, or, at least, close to
where the wall joined the rock; this cave was all filled with earthen pots


that Crusoe had made, and with fourteen or fifteen great baskets, each
holding five or six bushels; in these Crusoe laid up his provisions, espe
cially his corn, some in the ear, some rubbed out by the hand.
By this time the piles had taken root, and were large trees, spreading
so much that it was not possible to see any dwelling behind them. Near
this abode were his two pieces of corn land, which he kept well sown, and
which bestowed on him good harvests. Whenever he should require
more he could sow beyond these fields, for he had plenty of land to
Besides this house he had his country seat, as he called it; the place
he found when he went on his first journey and saw the grape vines and
melons, the cocoa nuts and limes,
and the shady trees and falling
The trees he had planted round
the tent he had put up had besides
grown very tall, and, as he had cut
them to make them sprout and grow
thick, they made a most agreeable
shade; the woods also were near,
and made it a lovely spot. In the
centre of the great circle of trees
he had put up a tent, which was
always standing; it was made of a
piece of a sail, spread over poles set for the purpose. Under this he had
made a bed of the skins of animals which he hkd killed, and other soft
things; a blanket, which he had saved from the wreck, lay over them, and
he had one of the great watch coats that he had brought on shore to
cover him. Near this tent he had enclosed places for goats, made very
strong with hedges and pales. You see Crusoe was never idle. One


pair of hands had made all these things. In this place, also, he had his
grapes growing, on which he depended for his winter raisins, the greatest
treat he had when the rains set in. They were very wholesome,
nourishing, and refreshing when he could not get much other fruit.
As this bower or country house was about half way between his home
and the place where he had fastened his boat, after he had landed from
his dangerous voyage, driven hither partly by the current, he generally
stayed here when he came to gather grapes or look after his boat, which
he frequently visited and kept in good repair. Sometimes he went out in
her for a little trip, but never very far; indeed, scarcely a stone's throw
from the shore-he was so much afraid of being carried away by currents
or winds, or any other accident.
You see how Crusoe, by patience and trying over and over again,
succeeded in making almost everything he wanted-a table, a chair,
shelves, earthenware, and baskets. We have omitted how he managed
to grind his corn for bread. We will tell you now.
He spent many days in looking for a large stone that he could hollow
out like a mortar, but he could not find one large enough, and, even if he
could have cut a piece out of the rock, it would have been too soft to
bear the beating of a pestle-it would have gone to powder or sand,
which would have mixed with and spoiled the flour. So at last he
thought of making a wooden mortar.
Atree grew in the. woods called the iron-tree, because it is as hard as
iron. Crusoe had seen the Indians in the Brazils make canoes out of it
by burning a hollow place in the middle of a trunk; he thought he
might do the same to make his mortar. He looked out, therefore, for a
great block of wood, and, getting one as big as he had strength to move,
he rounded it and formed it on the outside with his axe and hatchet, and
then burnt a hole in the middle as he had seen done, and thus had a very
large, heavy wooden mortar. He made a great pestle or beater of the


same wood, and with this he pounded his corn to powder. But then
he wanted a sieve to part the husks from the corn. This was a very
difficult thing to manage.
But at length he found among his stores some neck-cloths of muslin,
and with some pieces of these he made three small sieves. How to bake
his bread was the next question; he paved the hearth with some earthen-
ware tiles, made a great fire, and when the wood was burned to embers
he drew them forward upon these tiles so as to cover them; and he let them
lie till the hearth was very hot; then he set his loaf or loaves on the hot
tiles, covered a large earthen pot over them, and drew the embers all
round it to keep in the heat: thus he baked his barley bread. In the
same way he made himself cakes and puddings of rice.
He had made himself a spade of the iron wood very long before this
time, and was careful to dig the ground and sow his grain at the right
Crusoe had noticed a rather remarkable fact, viz. : that it was on
the very same day that he ran away
from his father and mother and went
to sea at Hull, that 1 he was taken by
the Sallee pirate y and made a slave.
The same day of i.the year that he was
saved from the wreck in Yarmouth
Roads he escaped i il lly from Sallee. The
same day he was I born, i.e., the oth
of September, that -- same day twenty-
six years afterwards he was cast ashore
on the island; so (as he says) his wicked life and his lonely life began
on the same day.
It was really fortunate for him that he had to work so hard that very
little time was left for him to feel lonely. His days were days of very


hard toil, much harder than any he had run away from would have been,
and he was always glad to go to bed in his hammock, his faithful dog
beside him, after he had prayed to God to keep him in safety. But
Crusoe's life was not to be lonely or safe much longer.
"It happened," he wrote, "one day about noon, going towards my
boat, I was exceedingly surprised with the print of a man's naked foot
on the shore, which was very plain to be seen on the sand. I stood like
one thunderstruck; I listened; I looked round me; I could hear nothing
nor see anything. I went up to a rising ground to see farther; I went
up the shore and down the shore, but it was all one. I could see no
other impression (mark) "than that one. I went again to see if there
were any more, and to observe if it might not be my fancy; but there
was no room for that, for there was exactly the print of a foot-toes,
heel, and every part of a foot; how it came there I knew not, nor could
I in the least imagine."
Crusoe was very much frightened; he went back at once to his
fortification, looking behind him at every two or three steps, fancying
every tree stump was a man. He was too much alarmed to remember
afterwards how he got into his house (his castle, he now called it);
whether he went over by the ladder or by the hole in the rock that he
called a door.
He could not sleep at all that night; terrible thoughts kept him
awake. Suppose cannibals-that is, savages who eat men-were on the
island and had found his boat ? They would soon seek for him and find
him, and then they would eat him up. For you see, he knew it was the
mark of a savage's foot, because the man had no shoes or stockings on.
And even if the savages did not eat him, they would take all his corn
and his goats, and all the things he had made or saved from the wreck,
and would leave him to starve.
He was now, therefore, very anxious and unhappy; but one morning,

PL 7

,, ,
oi~ IfI

S E,,
,-; ,.. .,

'," - r?.,' ",'--
.,'. ,: ~ ,'-." : "; !..I
-:'""" l '"' '' :., :: Ii-- 'n .. ..
-. ....: ...,-.. .,,. ,....,;.]..;. ...- '.',;:-.... ... i' ... :-,
= ..; .... .:, : -, : -,,,=,,-. ., ,..
...... .,,:,,.,., ., ... ,o. .. ., ,, ] -


lying in his bed, filled with thoughts about his danger from the appearance
of the savages, the words of the Bible that had first comforted him came
into his mind: Call upon Me in the day of trouble, and I will deliver
thee;" and then, rising cheerfully from his bed, he prayed ; he took his
Bible, and opening it to read, the first words he saw were these: "Wait
on the Lord and be of good cheer, and He shall strengthen thy heart;
wait, I say, on the Lord." It is impossible to tell you how much these
words comforted him. He laid down the book and was no more sad.
After all, he thought, it might have been the mark of his own foot that
he had seen; he might have made it when he went down to his boat.
Taking courage from this thought, he went out to milk his goats; but on
his way to his country house to do so, he kept looking behind him, and
every now and then running from a sound-he was so much afraid of
meeting the savages. However, he saw no one, and after three or four
journeys to the bower he grew bolder, and went down to the shore to
look at the print of the foot again and measure it by his own. But he
was sorry to find that it was much larger than his. This caused him
to be as much afraid as at first.
And now he made a second strong wall of stakes and trees beyond
his first one, so as to shut in the door in the rock, which was outside the
first wall. He had planted trees there about twelve years before, and
these had grown so thick that they wanted only a few stakes to be driven
between them. He thickened this wall with timber, old cables, and every
thing he could think of to make it strong, leaving in it seven little holes
about as big as a man's arm. 'Then he thickened the old wall also by
continually bringing earth from his cave and laying it at the foot of it, and
then treading it down hard, till he had quite a mud wall outside the trees.
Through the seven holes in the new wall he put the seven muskets he
had brought from the wreck, fitting them into frames that held them like
cannon, so that he could fire all seven in two minutes of time. Then he


stuck all the ground near with stakes and osiers, which soon grew to a
grove, but he left room to see anyone who approached through them.
He also moved his goats to separate and different places so that
they might not be found all together and all stolen at once.
He found a hollow place in the wood for part of them, and then he
went about the island looking for another hiding place, and came more
to the west point than he ever had been before; and here he thought
he saw a ship or boat out at sea, but too far off for him to be sure.
When he came down the hill, however, on the sands he was very much
shocked at finding the shore spread with skulls, hands, feet, and other
bones of men, close by a place where a fire had been made in the earth
for the cruel savages to roast their prisoners. Crusoe could not help
shedding tears at this dreadful sight. From that time he never walked
anywhere but to his country house and the place in the wood
where he had left part of his flock of goats. He did. not even
go to his boat. He
looked about, however,
near his bower for a
secure place a cave
would be best, he
thought to hide his
flocks in, and while
searching he found a
place in the side of the
hill, where he saw that
he might safely wait to
watch if any of the
savages' boats came, and
even watch them when
they were on shore by hiding in some of the thickets of trees.


He therefore loaded two muskets and his usual gun, also his four
pistols with four bullets each, meaning to take them to this spot
when the savages next came ; and every morning he went to the top of
the hill near his castle, as he called it, to see if any boats came to the
island-though it was really three miles away-meaning to shoot the
savages. But when he thought it over, Crusoe knew that he had no
right to kill these men because they eat human beings, for they did not
know that it was wrong; he might only kill them to defend himself or
some living person. So he gave up the idea of shooting them. But he
grew very careful; he was afraid to make a fire because these wicked
people might see the smoke; so he made some charcoal to cook his food
on. Charcoal is wood burnt under turf till it becomes dry, and it will
burn well enough to cook on, but it makes no smoke. So Crusoe burnt
some in the wood, and kept it for use.
While he was cutting down some wood for this purpose he saw,
behind a very thick branch of underwood, a hollow place. He was so
curious as to look into it, and creeping under the branches, he found that
it was a cave large enough for him to stand upright in; but he made
great haste to get out again, for he saw two broad shining eyes looking
at him which twinkled like stars. However, on second thoughts, he
knew that it could only be an animal there. So he took a lighted piece
of wood and went in again. Holding the fire-brand over his head, he
saw that the eyes belonged to a very large fierce-looking he-goat that
was dying. Crusoe touched it, but it was too ill to stand, and soon
The cave was very small, not above twelve feet wide, but he saw a
small opening at the other end of it, very low, so that he would have to
crawl in at it on his hands and knees. However, as he was determined
to see where it led to, he came there again the next day, bringing with
him six candles and a tinder-box. He had made the box and burnt


some rags in it, and for a steel to strike light he had the lock of one of the
muskets. With these lights he ventured to enter the inner cave, creeping
on his hands and knees. But when he was inside he thought he had
never seen anything so beautiful. The roof was twenty feet high, and it
was hung with points that looked like diamonds. These lovely hanging
jewels were really water turned to stone as it dripped. The grotto
was quite dark, the floor dry and even,
and Crusoe saw that it would be a
very safe place to hide in; so he
brought here all his powder and shot.
He found that there were quite sixty
pounds of dry pow- der in the cask that
had got wet, for the water had not gone
far into it, and the middle powder
had not been touched by it. No
savages could get at him in this
grotto, for he could shoot them as they
crept through the narrow entrance
one by one. The old goat
was dead, and as he could not carry
it away, he buried it in the outer cave
under the sand. It was now the
December of the twenty-third year
Crusoe had been on the island. It
was the time of harvest in that
country, so he had to get up early to
cut his corn; and one morning, before
daybreak, he was surprised to see the light of a fire not far off, on his side of
the coast. He was very much frightened, for he knew that it must belong to
the savages. He made haste back to his castle and loaded all the muskets;


then, anxious to know where the savages were, he set his ladder by the
side of the hill, to a flat place in the rock, then drew it up after him, and
mounted by it to the top. Taking out his telescope, he looked out and
saw no less than nine savages, with very little clothes on, sitting round a
fire. They had two canoes with them, which they had drawn up on the
shore, and as it was then the tide of ebb-that is, the water was going
out from the land,-Crusoe thought that they were waiting for the flood
tide, when the waves run in on the shore, to go away. Thus he guessed
that as they came with the current caused by an ebb-tide, they would not
come when the tide rolled in, and that he would generally be safe all the
time of high-water. As soon as the tide rolled in, the savages got into
their canoes and rowed away, but before they left they danced on the sand.
From that time Crusoe lived in great fear of these cruel savages
finding him. He dared not fire off his gun for fear of their hearing it;
and he was very thankful that he
had tame goats to give himfood
and milk. On the i6th
of the next May there was a
great storm; it -blew very hard
and there was a great deal of
thunder and lightning. As
Crusoe sat reading his
Bible, he heard a sound like that of a gun at sea. He started up in great
haste, went up to the top of the hill, and came just in time to see a flash
of light and to hear the sound of another gun. Then he knew that
there was some ship in distress at sea. He brought all the wood he had
to the top of the hill and set fire to it; it was all he could do ; he had
no other means of helping the poor sailors than by showing them the
land. They saw the light, for they fired several more guns asking for
help-in vain! And when day broke, Crusoe saw at a great distance, a


sail or hulk out at sea. He soon made out that it was a ship, and taking
his gun, he ran to the south side of the island, where the currents had
once carried himself away, and there, lying on the rocks, he found the
wreck of a ship. He was very sorry for the poor sailors who had been
lost, and he wondered if, seeing his fire, they had taken to the boats and
reached the shore. But he did not know for some time if they had or
not. A few days afterwards, he was made very unhappy by finding on
the beach a drowned sailor boy, come on shore near the place where
the ship had been wrecked. The poor lad had very little on, and in
his pockets were only two pieces of money and a tobacco pipe. Crusoe
was very sorry for him and buried him, feeling very sad.
He thought as it was now calm he had better go on board the
wreck, not doubting but that he might find something there that
might be useful to him.
But that" (Crusoe wrote in his book) "did not press me so much
as the possibility that there might be some living creature on board whose
life I might not only save, but might, by saving that life, comfort my own
to the last degree; and this thought clung so to my heart that I could
not keep quiet night or day, but I must venture out in my boat on board
this wreck; and committing the rest to God's Providence, I thought the
impression was so strong on my mind that it must come from some
invisible direction, and that I should be wanting to myself if I did
not go."
Poor Crusoe! he longed to speak again to a human being. He had
heard no voice but his parrot's for so many years, and now even his
faithful dog was dead; but this last loss was soon to be supplied. How
often the shipwrecked man must have regretted his disobedience to his
dear father as the long years went on and he was still on the lonely
island. But under the impression that God meant him to go on
board the wreck-perhaps to save the life of some other creature-


*~ ~ w' i^ '' ".1111" ;. .:;.:-.: ,-,w'' .:. .' ...- - -'-,. .., .

-1~F / "A


.,.- '" '

ri- .d i.- .! ':" :

--; ... .';

i'.. '



Crusoe hastened back to his castle, and prepared everything for a voyage.
He took a quantity of bread, a great pot of fresh water, a compass to
steer by, a bottle of rum, and a
basketful of raisins. Thus
loaded he went do w n to his
boat, baled the water out of
her, and got her afloat with
this cargo; then he went home
again an d brought back
a large bagful of rice, another
large pot of water, two dozen loaves, a bottle of goat's milk, and
some cheese. He took all this food for fear he might be driven out to
sea, for he had to sail by the dangerous rocks and currents where he had
been nearly lost before. He was, indeed, rather uneasy about going, and
before he set out he went to the top of the hill and noticed the currents
carefully. He found that the current of the ebb-tide set out close by the
shore of the north side, so he had nothing to do but to keep to the north
side of the island on his return and he would do well enough.
The next morning he embarked with the first of the tide, and by the
help of the strong current he reached the wreck in two hours. It was
sad to see the good ship, which was a Spanish one, jammed in between
two rocks, all the stern and quarter of her beaten in by the sea. When
Crusoe came close to her a dog appeared, who, seeing him, yelped and
cried, and as soon as Crusoe called to him, jumped into the sea and
swam on shore. Crusoe took him into the boat. The poor animal was
nearly dead with hunger and thirst. Crusoe gave him a cake of his
barley bread, and he ate it like a ravenous wolf; he then gave the poor
creature some fresh water. After this he went on board the wreck.
He found in the cook-room two dead men with their arms round each
other, and he thought that before the ship struck, the waves must have


dashed over her, so continually that the men were not able to bear it,
and were strangled with the constant rushing in of the water. Besides
the dog there was nothing left in the ship that had life, and all the goods
in her were spoiled by the sea. He got two chests, however, into his
boat, and a powder horn, and fire-shovel and tongs, also two little brass
kettles, a copper pot to make chocolate, and a gridiron-all of them
things that he had greatlywanted.
With this cargo and the dog he
returned with the tide to the
He slept that night in his
boat, and the next day he carried
his new property to the cave he
had found, meaning to leave
it there. He found in the
chests a fine case of bottles of
cordial waters (we call them now
liqueurs)-the bottles held three
pints,-about a dozen and a half
of white handkerchiefs, some
shirts, and coloured neck-cloths,
also three great bags of money,
and some small bags of gold.
About two years after this.
adventure Crusoe had a strange
dream of some savages landing
and being about to eat a man, when he ran away, came into Crusoe's
grove, stayed with him, and became his servant. This dream came
true, as you will see.
He was surprised one morning by seeing five canoes all on shore


together on his side of the island. The savages had landed and were
gone out of sight. Growing very anxious, he climbed by means of his
ladder to the top of the hill, and from
thence he could see not less than thirty
or more savages dancing in a ring round
a great fire that they had lighted. While
he was looking at them he saw two poor
creatures dragged from the boats. They
knocked one down with a club or wooden
sword directly, and then they began to
cut him up to cook; the other was left
standing by himself till they should be
ready for him.
But suddenly Crusoe saw the poor
waiting savage dart away and run with
very great swiftness towards his castle.
Between where the savages were feasting
and the castle there was the creek where Crusoe had landed his
raft; and Crusoe thought that there the savages, who instantly ran after
the fugitive, must catch him. But no! the escaping savage jumped in
and swam across. Three men were following him, but only two could
swim, and they could not swim as fast as the fellow that fled from them.
Crusoe resolved to try and save the poor man. So he ran down the
ladders, caught up his two guns which lay ready at the foot of them, and
running down the hill, crossed to the sea by a short cut, and came
between the man who was running away and his enemies. Crusoe
beckoned to him to come back, but the poor savage was at first as much
afraid of the strange-looking man as of the savages. Meantime Crusoe,
rushing at the foremost savage, knocked him down with his gun. He
did not want to fire it for fear of bringing all the other savages on him.


Having knocked this fellow down, the man with him stopped as if
frightened, and Crusoe was going to spare him, but as he came near he
saw the savage was fixing an arrow to a bow to shoot him, so Crusoe
was obliged to fire first; he did
so, and killed the man at the first
shot. The poor
savage who had H fled stopped
when he saw his enemies fall, but
was so frightened by the fire and
noise of the gun that he stood
stock still. Crusoe made signs to him to come nearer, which he
understood. He came forward a few paces, then stopped, and again
moved on and stopped: kneeling down every ten or twelve steps as if
to thank Crusoe for saving his life.
Crusoe smiled at him and looked kind, and beckoned to him. The
poor savage had never seen a white man, or a man dressed in skins,
before, and the gun seemed to him a dreadful thing; but at length he
came quite up to Crusoe, and kneeling down again kissed the ground and
laid his head on it, and taking hold of Crusoe's foot, lifted it on his head.
This, it seems, meant that he would be his white friend's slave for
ever. Crusoe took him up, and made much of him. But now he saw
that the savage whom he had knocked down and stunned, but not killed,
was beginning to come to himself, and was so much better that he could
sit up on the ground, and Crusoe's savage began to look afraid.
Robinson, however, presented his gun at the man as if to shoot him, and
then the savage he had saved made signs that Crusoe should give him
his sword which hung naked in a belt by his side. Crusoe gave it to
him, and he at once ran to his enemy and cut off his head with one
blow. When he had done this he went laughing to his deliverer, and
laid the sword and the savage's head at his feet.

PL. 9.



'- ... ....



Then he made signs at the dead one who was shot, and went up to
him and saw that he was quite dead, and yet had only a little hole in his
breast, and there was very little blood, for he had bled inwardly. The
wonder of Crusoe's savage was very great ; but he took up the dead
man's bow and arrows and came back with them. Crusoe turned and
beckoned to him to follow him; but the savage made signs that he had
better bury the dead ones, for fear the others should find them. Crusoe
nodded "Yes," and directly the young man began to dig a hole in the
sand with his hands, and did it so well and so fast, that he had buried
both bodies out of sight in a quarter of an hour. Then, calling him,
Crusoe led him away, not to his castle, but to the cave at the other part
of the island, so he did not let his dream come to pass fully, for in that
the savage came into Crusoe's grove for shelter. But it would not have
been safe to trust the unknown savage with the secret of Robinson's
castle, you know, and the cave was a great way from it.
In this cave, you may remember, Crusoe had stored his powder and
several other stores. He had also in it a quantity of rice-straw, a blanket,
and provisions, all ready in case the savages should come to the island
and force him to hide there. The poor savage he had saved was quite
trustworthy, but Crusoe could not know that at first, so it was only
prudent not to let him see too much, for he might have got away at some
future time and brought the other savages to rob and kill his new
However, Crusoe meant to be very kind to the man; indeed, he was
most thankful to hear a human being's voice again and look in a man's
face; and the savage had a pleasant countenance and a sweet voice, and
proved in the end a faithful friend and servant. He was very much
exhausted now by his swift flight from the cannibals, and his great
previous fear. Perhaps, too, he was uneasy at being in the power of the
man who could kill people at a distance, as he had just seen; but Crusoe


kindly gave him bread and a bunch of raisins to eat, and a draught
of water, which he wanted very much, for he was thirsty after his hard
running. Having thus fed him, Crusoe pointed to a place where he had
laid a great parcel of rice straw, and a
blanket on it, where he used to sleep
sometimes himself, and the poor crea-
ture lay down and ': -- went to sleep.
He was a very 'handsome young
man, with straight limbs, tall, and
well-shaped. He had a very good
countenance, not *-a fierce, surly look,
but a gentle one, and his smile was
very sweet. He had long black
hair, not wool, and his nose was small,
and not flat like a negro's.
He had a good mouth, not thick lips, and his skin, though very dark,
was not black.
Crusoe left him asleep, and went to milk his goats; but soon the
savage came running out to him and made all the former signs of
thanking him and being ready to obey him. In a little while Crusoe
took some milk in an earthen pot and let him see him drink it and sop
bread in it. The savage did the same directly, and then made signs
that he thought it very nice.
Crusoe next taught him a few words. He made him understand
that he meant to call him Friday, because that was the day on which he
was saved ; and he taught him to say Master," and Yes and No,"
and to know the meaning of these words.
The next day Crusoe went with him to the place where they had buried
the men, and Friday made signs that they could dig them up and eat
them but Crusoe by signs also showed him what a horrid thing it was


to eat human flesh. They then went up the hill and saw from it that the
savages had gone away, leaving the beach covered with bones of the men
they had eaten. Crusoe went to the spot and made Friday bury all these
bones. Then he took him to his castle and set about dressing him. He
had found some linen drawers in the poor gunner's chest that he saved
from the wreck. These he gave to Friday and they fitted him. Then
Crusoe made him a jerkin of goat's skin and a cap of hare's skin. Friday
was very proud of his clothes.
Crusoe made a little tent for the savage between his walls; and to
ensure his own safety he made a door that he could bolt or bar before
sleeping; taking in also his ladders, so that Friday could not get at him
in the night. He took also all his guns with him to bed. In order to
cure Friday of his love of men's flesh as food,
Crusoe took him with him and shot a kid for ---
his dinner. Friday was dreadfully frightened 'i, 11 A
at the gun, and opened his own waistcoat to --
see if he was shot! Crusoe also shot a parrot;
and as he did not let Friday see how he loaded '"i'
the gun, the poor savage thought there must ;1 1.
be something wonderful in it, and used to talk
to it and ask it not to kill him. 'Crusoe gave i
him boiled kid and broth; and next time,
when he roasted some kid, and Friday had
tasted it, he said that he would never again eat
man's flesh.
He soon taught Friday to make bread
also, and to help him to fence in more ground
for sowing, since now that there were two to eat bread, he must plant
more corn.
It was so very delightful to have a man to talk to, that Crusoe took


great pains to teach Friday to speak English, and the savage learned it
very soon.
One day, Crusoe asked him if his nation ever conquered in battle.
Friday said, Oh, yes; we fight better."
How were you taken, then ? asked Crusoe.
Friday answered, "They more many than my nation. They take one,
two, three, and me, and make go in canoe.
My nation have no canoe-that true."
"Do your nation eat the men they take
as these did ?" asked Crusoe.
"Oh, yes," said Friday; "my nation
eat mans, too-eat all up."
"Where do they carry them ?" asked
Crusoe. Go to other
place, where they -e think," said Friday.
"Do they come here ?"
"Yes, yes, they come here; come other else place."
Have you been here with them ?" asked Crusoe.
"Yes, I been here," pointing to the north-west side of the island.
Then Crusoe understood that his man Friday had been among the
savages on the further part of the island. He took him there, and learned
from him that they had eaten twenty men, two women, and one child
there !
Crusoe heard also from him that no canoe was ever lost; that a little
way out at sea there was a current and wind always one way in the
morning and another in the afternoon. He told Crusoe also that his
people were called Caribs, and that a great way beyond the moon-that
is, to the west-there was a country with bearded white men, like him,
and that they had killed much mans." Crusoe thought these must be
the Spaniards, whose cruelties had been heard of everywhere, and that,


therefore, he must be on an island of the Carribees, between the great
river Oroonoko and Guinea. Crusoe asked if Friday could tell him how
to get to the white men's land; he said, "You may go in two canoe."
By this Crusoe knew that he meant a very large canoe, the size of
two; and he was now greatly
in hopes that he should be able,
by Friday y's -- help, to escape
from the island. W HHe was very
happy with his new companion
and the dog he had saved from
the wreck of -i the Spanish
shi p. They 11 used to walk
about the island I and do all the
work together, and by-and-
bye, when Crusoe knew
how good and trustworthy
Friday was, he --: taught him all
about gunpow- der and bullets,
and how to shoot. He gave
him a knife, with which he
was very much delighted, and
he made his man Friday
also a belt with a hatchet hang-
ing to it; and by-and-bye
gave him a cut- lass or sword.
Of course, as soon as Fri-
day could un- derstand him,
Crusoe began to teach him about God. At first he asked Friday who
made him; but the poor savage thought he meant who was his father.
Then Crusoe asked him who made the sun, the earth, and the hills.


Friday said, "It was old Benamuchee, that lived beyond all." He
said that this great person was very old, "much older than the sea, the
moon, and the stars." Crusoe asked him then, if this old person had
made everything, why all things did not worship him ? He looked
very grave, then, with a perfect look of innocence, said, "All things
say 'O' to him." Crusoe asked him if people who died in his country
went anywhere? He said, "Yes, they all went to Benamuchee." He
asked him if those n- they eat up went
there too ? He said, Yes.
Then Crusoe be- an teaching him
about the true God and His Son, Our
Lord Jesus Christ, and one day Friday
told him that if God could hear us up
beyond the sun, He must be a greater
God than Benamu- chee, who lived only
a little way off, and -yet could not hear
them till they went up to the great
mountains where he dwelt to speak to
him. Crusoe asked him if he ever went
there to speak to him. "No," he said,
"young men never went, only old men
went up." He called ." these old men Oowo-
kakees, and Crusoe supposed he meant
priests. They went up, he said, to say, to Benamuchee, and then
came back and told them what Benamuchee said. Crusoe wrote, I
tried to teach my man Friday that there was no such person as Bena-
muchee, and that God had made the world and himself, and was his good
and gracious Father in heaven. I told him how Adam and Eve sinned,
and how the Lord Jesus Christ came on earth to save us."
Friday often asked Crusoe very puzzling questions, and then Crusoe


,-------,- ---... --



would send him away for a time, and pray to God to make him able to
teach this poor man all that was right and true.
Crusoe used to read the Bible to him, and always tried to let him
know, as well as he could, the meaning of what he read. Friday asked
many questions, and Crusoe had to think and to study God's Word a
great deal in order to answer them. Thus he himself learned much more
of God's Word than he had ever known before by teaching Friday.
When Crusoe found that Friday could quite understand him, he told
the kind savage the story of his own shipwreck, and showed him the
place where his vessel went on shore. There was no sign of her now.
He also showed Friday the boat, which he had never been able to move,
and which was now falling to pieces. Friday stood looking at it for
some time, and Crusoe asked him of what he was thinking. Friday
answered, Me see such boat like come to place at my nation."
Crusoe did not understand him at first, but by-and-bye he learned
that such a boat had come on shore on the savages' coast. Friday
described it, and added, with some eagerness, "We save the white mans
from drown."
He asked him if white mans were in boat.
"Yes," he said, "the boat full of white mans."
He counted on his fingers seventeen. I asked him what had become
of them. He said that they lived still, that they had been in his country
four years, and the people fed them.
How was it," said Crusoe, "that they did not kill and eat them ?"
The answer was, "They makes brothers with them; they no eat
white mans but when make the war fight."
Some time after, being upon the top of the hill at the east side of the
island, Friday (the weather being very clear) looked to the mainland and
began jumping, and dancing, and calling to Crusoe, who asked him what
was the matter.


joy!" said he; "0 glad! there see my country--there my
He looked so happy that Crusoe began to feel uneasy. If Friday
went back to his savage people, Crusoe thought he would most likely
forget all he had been taught, and would perhaps return with a hundred
of his countrymen and make a feast of his master.
One day soon after, therefore, he said, Friday, do you wish to go
back to your own nation ? "
"Yes," he said, I be much glad to be at my own nation."
"What would you do there," said Crusoe; "would you eat men's
flesh again and be a savage ? "
He looked hurt, shook his head, and said, No, no; Friday tell them
to be good; tell them to pray to God; tell them to eat corn bread, cattle
flesh, milk; no eat man again."
Crusoe asked him if he would go back to them; he said he could not
swim so far. Crusoe told him that he would make a canoe for him.
Then he said he would go if Crusoe did, and he would make his people
love his master, and not eat him. Wish we both there," he said another
S.,time; "no wish Friday there no
master there."
"What should I do there?"
said Crusoe.
Friday said quickly, "You
| teacher men be good, pray to God."
No, Friday," said his master,
"you must go without me." Then Friday ran and got a hatchet, gave
it to his master, and said, You kill Friday."
"Why?" asked Crusoe.
Take-kill Friday," said the poor affectionate fellow, "but no send
Friday away."


This showed Crusoe that he might trust his man, and he at once set
about building a canoe. Friday knew what wood would be best to make
it of, found the tree and cut it down, and the two went to work and built
a very large canoe or boat, large enough to hold twenty men. Then
Crusoe set to work to put a mast in it, and finding some old canvas still
left from the sails of the lost ship, he made a shoulder of mutton sail, as
it is called, forthe canoe. He was two months making it. You see,
Crusoe had great patience, and never gave up trying to do a thing.
Then he sailed out in his boat and
taught Friday how -- -to manage a sail and
to steer. '' One day Crusoe
sent Friday to the -seashore to find a
turtle. He had not been long gone when
he came running back, crying, "O
master! 0 sorrow 0 bad!
"What's the -: matter, Friday?"
said Crusoe. 0, there one,
two, three canoe." ell, Friday,"
he said, "do not be frightened."
But Friday was trembling; he
thought that the savages were come to
look for him and to -::-=eat him.
SFriday," said Crusoe, "we must
fight them. Can you fight ?" Me shoot," said Friday; "but there
come many great numbers."
Never mind," said Crusoe, "our guns will frighten those we do not
kill." Then he added, "Will you stand by me and help me,
Friday? "
He answered, Me die when you bid me, master."
Crusoe gave him a little rum, of which he had a great deal left, for he


never drank it except as a medicine. He would not have been alive and
so comfortable if he had drunk spirits.
Then Crusoe gave Friday half the pistols and a gun, and they went
out to look after the savages.
Friday peeped from behind a tree,
and said that they were sitting
round the fire eating one prisoner,
and that another was lying bound
to be killed and eaten next, and
= that the bound man was one of
the white men who had landed in
Friday's country. Crusoe at once resolved to save this man's life if
possible. So they crept on from tree to tree till they came to a thicket,
from which
Crusoe could
see the savages. _
He had not a
moment to lose, --
for two savages .-i- -
were just going
to kill the poor
Christian, and
were stooping
down to untie
the bands at his _
feet. Crusoe
told Friday to
take aim, and -
then they both fired into the savages. Friday killed two of them
and wounded three more, and Crusoe killed one and wounded two.


The savages were dreadfully frightened. They jumped up, but did not
know what to do or where to run.
Crusoe and his man fired a second time and wounded so many that
the savages did nothing but yell and fall down. Then Friday followed
Crusoe as he rushed forward out of the wood, and while Friday fired
again on the savages, who were now all running to their canoes, Crusoe
went to the white prisoner and set him free, lifting him up and asking
him in the Portuguese language, who he was. The poor man answered,
"A Christian," but was so weak he could scarcely stand or speak.
Crusoe gave him some water from his bottle and a piece of bread, and
then the prisoner told him that he was a Spaniard. Crusoe said, Sir,
we can talk by-and-bye; now we must fight." And he gave him a pistol
and sword. The Spaniard took them and used them very bravely.
Crusoe had left more guns nearthe tree they were under first, and the
three men soon drove the savages to their canoes; but they left a great
many behind them, killed and wounded.
A canoe was also -- .- .- left ; in it Crusoe
found a poor savage, also bound for eating.
He cut the rushes -- that held him, but the
poor man thought "- .. directly that Crusoe
was going to eat him, and groaned. Then
Crusoe called Friday to speak to him and
tell him that he was safe; and who do you
think the prisoner was ? Friday's old
father! Friday was so delighted to see him; he kissed him and
hugged him, and then he jumped and danced for joy. Crusoe asked
him if he had given his father bread. He shook his head and said,
" None; ugly dog eat up all self." So Crusoe gave the old man a cake
and some raisins, and a little rum for Friday himself, but the good son
made his father drink it.


And now Crusoe had three human beings with him, and one a white
man and a Christian. A dreadful storm came on that night, and many
of the savages' canoes were swallowed in the sea; only a few men got
home, and they told such a terrible story of being killed by thunder and
lightning, and the loss was so great of the people, that the savages
thought that the island must be enchanted, and never came there again
while Crusoe was on it.
Crusoe and the Spaniard became great friends. The Spaniard told
him that he and sixteen men had escaped from the wreck of the Spanish
ship and been saved on Friday's island, where the people were kind to
them, but that they had little food and would be glad to escape. So
when Crusoe had planted more corn in order to have enough for
them to eat, the Spaniard and Friday's father went to the island in
Crusoe's new canoe, intending to bringthe shipwrecked men over in it,
Crusoe first making the Spaniard promise that they should all obey him
while they were on his island.
The Spaniard and Friday's father had been gone about eight days
when, as Crusoe was asleep in his room one morning, his man Friday
came running in calling out, Master, master, they come! Crusoe
hastened out, but saw at once that it was not his canoe but a ship's boat
that was coming to the land, though as yet a great way off. Then he
told Friday to keep close till they knew who the people in the boat were.
And by-and-bye he climbed the hill and plainly saw a ship lying at
anchor about four or five miles from the shore.
You may imagine how glad Crusoe was to see a ship at last, and yet
he had some fears about it. He did not know if she brought friends or
enemies, so he resolved to keep on his guard. The ship might belong
to a pirate or salt-water thief, and Crusoe might run the risk of being
murdered and robbed. He watched the boat come on shore, therefore,
lying down, so that the sailors in her should not see him, and he noticed



.... ....., . .. '
, -- .,. -

-- ?.. "

. '. .,{ .- .
'. ..-.".

5;; -, -


" ;11 :



with joy that they did not find the little creek where Crusoe used to land
his rafts, but ran the boat ashore along the beach about half a mile off.
When the men landed, Crusoe could see through his telescope that they
looked like Englishmen, with one or two Dutchmen among them, and
they were very ill-looking people. There were in all eleven men, but
three of them had their hands tied, and when the first four or five jumped
out of the boat, they took out these three as prisoners, one of them making
signs as if he were begging for mercy. Friday called out when he saw this,
"0 master! you see Englishmans eat prisoner as well as savage mans."
"Why," said Crusoe, "do
you think, Friday, that they
are going to eat them ?"
"Yes," said Friday, "they
will eat them."
No," said Crusoe, "I am
afraid they will murder them;
but you may be sure they will not eat them," but he wished very much
now that he had had the Spaniard and Friday's father there to help him.
He stood trembling with the horror of the sight, expecting every
moment that the three prisoners would be killed. Once he saw one of
the villains lift up his arm with a great cutlass or sword to strike one of
the poor men, and he expected to see him fall every moment, and all the
blood in Crusoe's body seemed to turn chill in his veins. He wished
that there were any way of getting within gun range of them, that he
might have saved these three men: for he saw that the crew had no fire-
arms amongst them. After he had observed the cruel usage of the
prisoners by these insolent seamen, he saw the fellows run scattering about
the island, as if they wanted to see the country. The three captives were
left on the shore, where they sat on the ground very pensive, and looking like
men in despair. The evil-looking seamen had landed at high water; when


they returned the tide had ebbed and left the boat aground. They tried
to get her off, but could not; and then Crusoe heard one of them call
out, "Why, let her alone, Jack,
can't ye; she will ___- -- float next tide."
And they all went off, leaving
the three prison- ers-who were
not bound now, -- however-onthe
beach. Now Crusoe
knew that the boat would not
float for the next ---- ten hours, when
it would be dark. And he armed
himself at once, and Friday also: for he (Friday) was now a very good
shot. Crusoe put on his goat-skin cap, a naked sword at his side, two
pistols in his belt, and a gun on each shoulder, and looked very fierce.
About two o'clock he saw that the three poor men had moved under the
shade of a tree about a quarter of a mile off, and, as Crusoe thought,
out of sight of the sailors.
He resolved to go to them and find out all about them. He set off,
therefore, with his man Friday, to whom he had given three loaded
muskets to carry; and as he came near them he said in Spanish, "Who
are you, gentlemen ? "
They started up and stared at this strange figure.
Gentlemen," said Crusoe, in English, do not be surprised. Per-
haps you have a friend near you that you did not expect."
He must be from Heaven, then, for we are past the help of man,"
said one of them.
"All help is from Heaven," Crusoe answered. "I saw you land,
and one of the sailors lifted his sword to kill you. What is the matter ? "
Then the Englishman told Crusoe that he was the captain of the
ship, that his men had mutinied: that is, they had refused to obey him


and had threatened to kill him, but at last had consented to set him, his
mate, and a passenger ashore on this desolate island.
"Where are these wretched sailors ?" asked Crusoe.
There they are, sir," he answered, pointing to a thicket of trees.
Have they any firearms ?" asked Crusoe.
The captain said only two guns, one of which they had left in the
boat. Crusoe asked him then if he should kill them or take them
prisoners while they were asleep. The captain said that there were two
very wicked men amongst them, to whom it was not safe to show mercy,
but if they were secured he thought the others would be sorry and would
return to their duty. Crusoe gave the captain and his companions a gun
each, and the captain, taking it and a pistol in his hand, accompanied by
his two companions, went towards the sleeping seamen. A slight noise
they made awoke one of the men, who called to the others; but it was too
late then. The two men fired, and taking aim at the worst of the
mutineers, killed one and wounded the other, who called for help ; but
the captain told him his villainy had been too great for pardon, and
knocked him down with the butt end of his musket. There were only
three left now, and one of these was wounded. They saw Crusoe and
Friday approaching, and begged for mercy, promising to return to their
duty. The captain was willing to forgive them, and Crusoe consented
on condition that they were kept bound all the time they were on the
island. The three men who had gone away returned now, and seeing
that their captain was conqueror, begged for mercy, and were easily made
prisoners. Crusoe then ordered Friday and the captain's mate to go
to the boat and bring away the oars and sail, and by the captain's advice
she was then dragged up high on the land and a hole made in her bottom,
so that if the sailors left in the ship, who were all mutineers, came on shore
they could not take her away. And now the ship began to make signals
to the sailors on shore; wafted her flag and fired a gun to call them on


board; but finding that they did not come, she hoisted out another boat
and sent ten men with guns in her to find their shipmates. Crusoe
meantime had sent most of the prisoners to his cave; but two of them
begged for pardon and promised to
-serve Crusoe faithfully. So they
were set free, and arms given them.
4- Meantime the men from the ship
landed and drew their boat up on
-ite^j9---- S t-~-- the beach. Then they ran to their
other boat, and it was easy to see that
they were very much surprised to find nothing in her, and a great hole
in her bottom. They set up great shouts then to call their comrades,
and fired off their guns, but the men in the cave could not hear them.
Wondering what the disappearance of their comrades meant the seamen
went back to the ship; but soon returned, and leaving three men in
their boat to take care of her, they anchored her a good way from the
shore; and then the other seven men started altogether to go in search
of their missing comrades.
We have not room in this little book to tell you all the clever plans
Crusoe and his friends carried out;
but they managed at last to take all
the mutineers prisoners, after the
captain had shot the wicked boatswain
who had persuaded the men to
mutiny. The captain frightened the __
prisoners by talking of Crusoe as the
governor of the island, and saying that he would hang them; and they
at last begged for mercy. They were pardoned; but Will Atkins, one
of the worst, and two others were pinioned and sent bound to the cave
where the first men had been sent.


E..: _I- I.. ... ..... ;'~~~~

"-ss .
-- --

...--. 5g


L: ..!; :'; ..:.. ,. ,,

.. ,~. ., _....".._ , ,,:.:__. ...


The captain then, with the men who had returned to their duty,
boarded the ship at night, bravely overcame all opposition, secured the
mutineers left on board, and in the end recovered his ship. He then
fired seven guns to let Crusoe, who was very anxious, know that he had
succeeded. Crusoe had lain down to sleep, but by-and-bye he heard the
captain's voice calling him, and going out to him, the brave sailor took
Robinson Crusoe in his arms and embraced him, saying, My dear
friend and deliverer, there is your ship, for she is all yours, and so are
we, and all that belong to her."
Crusoe was so overcome by surprise and joy that he could not speak,
and if the captain had not held him in his arms, and Crusoe held fast by
him, he would have fallen to the ground, for now he knew that he should
see his dear country again. The sailor had brought a flask with a cordial
in it, which he meant for Crusoe ; he gave him a little of it, and then poor
Robinson sat down on the ground, and at last burst into tears of grateful
joy. These tears relieved him, and he could speak; then he in turn
embraced his deliverer.
Nearly all the crew had returned to their duty now, so they could sail
the ship, and the captain brought many kind presents on shore from her
for Crusoe, whose joy was great, indeed, and who did not forget to thank
God for keeping him for so many years in safety.
The captain and he then consulted as to what they should do with
the prisoners, five being still not forgiven of the second boat's crew. If
they were taken to England they would be hanged, and besides the
captain feared to take two of them. Crusoe sent for them, and talked
kindly to them, advising them to stay on the island, and telling them
how to manage on it, and at last they begged the captain to let them stay
there. At first he pretended to object, but Crusoe insisted that he should
consent to set the men free and leave them, and he yielded-really very
gladly. Crusoe left a letter for the Spaniard with them to give him


when he re- ---- turned; and
thus, leaving the seamen who
had been taken :prisoners free
on the island, -- where Crusoe
gave them part .of his property,
desiring them to give the rest
to the Spaniard when he re-
turned, the ship set sail for
England. Cru- soe took with
him his goat- skin cap, his
umbrella, and his parrot; as
well as the money he had
found in the two wrecks. He had been twenty-eight years on the island,
and no doubt as he and Friday sailed away from it they both felt a little
regret at parting from their old home.
Crusoe, on arriv- r ing in England, found
all his friends dead, except the captain's
widow, who took t i care of his money.
So he went to learn from the
agent of his Brazil plantation how it had
got on. He found that it had prospered
so well that he was !J quite a rich man now.
When this business was settled he felt a
great dislike to go to England again by a
long sea voyage, so he resolved to travel
through Spain and France to Calais,
and cross to Dover. In those days this
was a long and <. even a dangerous
journey, generally ~ made in company
with others.


He found a traveller to join him, and took several servants also. As
they were journeying through some forests in Spain, they were one day
much alarmed by the appearance of a great bear coming out of the wood.
When Friday -. saw him, how-

mak eOh, oh, laughed

e Oh said Crusoe, he will eat you up."
Friday, point- e eee e s ing to him
Oh, master you give me
*de leave, I shakee de
hand with him. Me
make you good laugh."
"Oh said Crusoe, "he will eat you up."
Eatee me up, eatee me up !" said Friday, twice over; "me eatee
him up. Me make you good laugh; you all stay here; me show you
good laugh."
So down he sat, took off his boots, and put on a pair of flat shoes
that he had in his pocket, gave another servant his
horse, and with his gun away he flew. The bear .....
was walking softly on, not meddling with anyone
till Friday came very near him
and made him a bow.
Hark ye, hark ye," says
Friday, "me speakee wit you,"
and he took up a great stone W
and threw it at the bear. The
bear feeling it, turned and came
galloping along towards him.
Friday ran back towards the party of travellers, and they were going
to fire on the bear, when Friday called out, No shoot, no shoot; stand
still, you get much laugh."


And he turned on one side and beckoning to them to follow, climbed upa
great oak tree, first laying his gun down near the bottom of the trunk. The
bear soon came to the tree, stopped at the gun and smelt it, then followed
Friday up the trunk, climbing like a great awkward cat. When Crusoe
came to the tree, there was Friday got
out to the small end "f a v"- i \lr.a C1,h -
and the bear about half iwa after him.
As soon as t ,, '"h
the bear got;,
out to the
part of the
branch that
was weakest,
" Ha!" cried
Friday, to MI 1h bin t i
the travel-
lers, now A
you see me, ,
teachee bear ''
dance," so
he jumped up and down, and shook the bough till the bear began
to totter and stood still and looked behind him, as if to see how
he- should get down. "Will you come further?" cried Friday, and
the bear went on again; but Friday shook the branch once more,
and again it stood still.
Crusoe was going to shoot the animal then, but Friday cried,
"Oh pray, oh pray, no shoot; me shoot by and then," and he once
more began to give the bear a dancing lesson, shaking the animal
up and down.
When at last the bear would not move, he said, Well, you


no come further, me come to you," and he went out to the very end
of the bough and gently letting himself fall from it to his feet, ran
away to his gun, and stood still. When the bear saw his enemy gone,
he turned and began to climb down the trunk of the oak very slowly.
Then Friday went up close to him, put his gun near his head, and shot
him. Crusoe and his fellow-travellers were very much amused by this
dance of the bear.
There were also great numbers of wolves in these woods. Once,
about two hours before night, the guide being a little in advance of the
party, three great wolves and a bear rushed out of the forest, and two of
the wolves attacked the guide who cried out for help. Crusoe sent on
Friday to see what was the matter, and the brave savage, crying "0
master! 0 master !" rode
directly up to the poor man,
put his pistol = to the wolf's
head and shot him dead.
This hap- opened just be-
fore he made., thebeardance.
They now saw many wolves
but managed to scare them
away by all shouting together. But at another opening of the wood they
were startled by seeing a horse with a saddle and bridle on him rush out,
with sixteen or seventeen wolves after him. That night the travellers
were attacked by them and had to shelter themselves behind some felled
trees, and fight for their lives. They had to lay trains of gunpowder and
blow these cruel animals up with it, for there were three hundred hungry
wolves attacking them. They were very glad when they had entered
France, through which they passed in perfect safety, crossed the Channel,
and landed again in England.
Robinson Crusoe married soon after this journey, and made a home


for himself. Can you not imagine how pleased Friday must have been
at all the wonderful things he saw in England ?
But Crusoe was always thinking of his island, and by-and-bye he
visited it again. It was on this last voyage
that his ship was attacked by savages, and
that an arrow struck his poor man Friday,
and killed him.
Crusoe was very grieved and very angry;
She had the guns on board fired at the
savages' canoes, and drove them off; but
Friday only lived a few moments afterwards,
and died in his dear master's arms.
Robinson Crusoe arrived safely in
i England at last, after many other adven-
Stures, and did not again tempt the seas.
He lived to be a very old man, but he
never forgot the island nor his dear man
I-- .-"--" "-i"mtg_ .Friday, who had loved him so well, and
been so good and faithful. For all time
the name of poor Friday will be remembered with that of

mrj-rr-r-rd -m -- ?.-- .u.-.ir- -"n s"vl. .lilIst..4~e.. ~.^ lk.- dllI. .....i

i- ~ ,~~--~T-F~:-i~-~~- ~ ILL L y~-yL 1----------- --i---IC -L~--- a 0m a- a~-~-L L~--~-r-~~- ~ -l
.."- ,i- ,
In Royel Quarto, Boards, Jf ly illustrated ald Large .Tpe; /




1'LITTLE I PRl l^ l
-" 2. _.A _. T. 5 ;i3,: -, _

4. v
L.- ___-'______"___.__-_-"__"________________ / ; .'. '"_. --ff;'_'


7 8. ;2

;.ls, in Royal Quarto, Cloth Gilt, Beveled Boar4s ,
--. ... -AND

S Bach Volum contains Ninety-six, Page of Large Type Letterpress, Illuatr er One
Hundred Wood. Engravings, and Twelve Fine Oil-colocr Pictur

"m^:. . P IC SH LG A '.
"+ ++. -, + -

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs