Front Cover
 Title Page
 Back Cover

Group Title: Leadenhall press series of forgotten picture books for children ;, 3
Title: Deborah Dent and her donkey
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00054402/00001
 Material Information
Title: Deborah Dent and her donkey a humorous tale, embellished with ten beautifully-coloured engravings
Series Title: Leadenhall press series of forgotten picture books for children ;
Physical Description: 2, 19 p., 1 leaf of plates : col. ill. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Field and Tuer ( Publisher )
Dean and Munday ( Publisher )
A.K. Newman & Co ( Printer )
Minerva Press ( Printer )
Leadenhall Press Limited, London ( Printer )
Publisher: Republished by Field & Tuer,
Republished by Field & Tuer
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: 1887
Copyright Date: 1887
Subject: Donkeys -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1823
Bldn -- 1887
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London.L
General Note: Text printed on one side of leaf only.
General Note: Imprint of 1st ed., also on t.p.: London, Dean & Munday; and A.K. Newman & Co., The Minerva Press.1823.
General Note: Printed wrappers.
General Note: Hand colored illustrations.
General Note: Publisher's advertisement on back cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00054402
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AJS6505
alephbibnum - 001852152
oclc - 09520897

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Back Cover
        Page 21
        Page 22
Full Text


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The Baldwin Library
m 3UmVniwraity




Deborah Dent




Cen (eautifuffytofourth Gnuravings


'Dean & eMunday, Threadneedle Street; and A. K. ~ewman & Co.,
The eMinerva Press, Leadenhall Street.
publishedd by Field & Tuer, The Leadenhall Press, &.C.


RF. Ruskin recently reproduced in facsimile a child's
M \ book of verse and pictures which had delighted
SIF I him. He was silent as to the authorship of the
Ft J . but it was first published in 1823, under the
1 .. Dame Wiggins of Lee. As it bears the imprint
.l .i' '. Newman & Co., of the Minerva Press, Mr.
I .u' naturally credits the little book to that firm,
l s its publication, as will be presently explained,
S ... .. really due to others.
In Fors, vol. 5, pp. 37-8, Mr. Ruskin praises
I the rhythmic cadence of the verses, and he
S- further says in the Introduction to his reprint:
- I think that clever children will like having
,.y the mere outlines to colour in their own way,*
S and for older students there may be some
., interest in observing how much life and reality
-' may be obtained by the simplest methods of
engraving, when the design is founded upon action instead of effect. .
I have the greatest pleasure," continues Mr. Ruskin, in commending Dame
Wiggins of Lee to the indulgence of the Christmas fireside, because it relates to
nothing that is sad and pourtrays nothing that is ugly."
It is a tradition in the house of Dean & Sons, of whose connexion with this
little book I shall have more to say, that Dame Wiggins of Lee was written by a
Mrs. Sharpe, sister of a grocer of that name, in Bishopsgate Street, but, following
a preliminary announcement of these reprints in The Athenceum, the joint author-
ship is claimed, and it would appear justly, for Mr. Richard Scrafton Sharpe and
Mrs. Pearson. On turning to the title page, it will be seen that the verses were
written "principally by a lady of ninety." The following is the claim as set forth
in The Athenreum of September 24th, 1887.
It has been stated that Dam TI"- .. I ee was written by Mrs. Sharpe. A daughter of
the late Charles Sharps, of the ir..i :.r .- .*.:., Hood & Sharpe, has sent us a letter in which
Mr. Frederic Sharpe claims the authorship for his father, the late Richard Scrafton Sharpe.
Mr. Sharpe writes:-" I dare say you remember the toyshop in Fleet Street, I think opposite
the church with ri.r .. truck the hour; it was kept by a Mrs. Pearson, who at the
age of ninety wrc r: .. .. of Lee jointly with my father, who, from internal evidence,
I suspect had the greatest hand in it. In the title-page he generously yields to her the author-
ship." Our correspondent adds: "I recollect my uncle having written Dame Wiggins of Lee,
and Mr. Barham, the author of the Ingoldsby Legends, and the Rev. Sydney Smith laughing at
it. Mr. R. S. Sharpe wrote Old Friends in a New Dress (lEsop's Fables), and Shepherds tell me
have you seen? a popular song.
From the style of draughtsmanship I think there can be little doubt that the
illustrations to Dame Wiggins of Lee, which have been ascribed to Sir H. Brooks,

*In the original edition the illustrations are hand-coloured. The unfolded sheets were
given out to a number of girls. If szx colours were used-and there were seldom more
-six girls would be required. No. I, after filling in, say, all the parts coloured blue
would pass the sheet on to No. 2, who would add the red. This plan of colouring has
been followed with the present series of reprints.

of Hastings, are by R. Stennet, whose name appears in an advertisement of the
period as illustrator of a couple of very amusing little stories, Deborah Dent and
her Donkey, and Madam Fig's Gala.
Dame Wiggins of Lee was, at one time, a very popular book indeed, four
differently illustrated editions rapidly following each other, but in the later
ones the humour of the first was entirely absent, and they met the usual fate
of mediocrity.
That excellent periodical, Notes and Queries, beloved by those whose delight
is to delve in the annals of the past, has repeatedly contained enquiries concerning
the Minerva Press, Leadenhall Street, whence emanated during its long career
a vast number of novels, chiefly of the sickly-sentimental and blood-and-thunder
school. Particulars of interest, however, are of the scantiest.
The Minerva Printing Press was first set up about 179o, by Mr. Lane, in
Cree Church Lane, Leadenhall Street. A year or two later-unfortunately I
cannot be more precise-Mr. Lane took himself and his press to 31, Leadenhall
Street, where he started a circulating library, and printed Lane's Annual Novelist,
mentioned in terms of dubious praise by Charles Lamb in his Elia. Newman,
the publisher who joined Lane, occasionally re-published an American book,
Carey & Lee, of Philadelphia, usually acting as his agents. On the title page
of The Refugee, a three volume romance, by Captain Murgatroyd, (1825) the
wording of the imprint is "New York, printed for Wilder & Campbell: London,
re-printed for A. K. Newman," which is certainly an honest way of putting it.
The Minerva Press Novels were in three, four, or five highly-spiced volumes,
and up to about 1828 were generally printed on a harsh textured paper of a dirty
straw colour. Amongst the more prolific, and we may take it popular, writers
of fiction, of whose works a long list could be compiled, were Mrs. Meeke,
Henrietta Rouviere Mosse, Rosalia St. Clair, Selina Davenport, Mr. Cooper,
Miss McLeod, "Ann of Swansea," Regina Maria Roche, Zara Wentworth, and
Elizabeth Helme, whose Farmer ol Inglewood Forest still lingers in the memory.
Mrs. Hofland's books for children, and others of a similar stamp, were "em-
bellished with a copper-plate frontispiece, and in this series the text is the
principal attraction, whereas in the series represented by Dame Wiggins of Lee,
the strength is in the illustrations.
I have seen it somewhere stated that Samuel William Henry Ireland em-
ployed Newman in 1805 to publish the Confessions of his Shakesperian forgeries,
but neither the Confessions, nor the Authentic Account that preceded it by some
nine years, bears the Minerva Press imprint, which is also entirely absent in the
large collection of his works in the British Museum. In a contemporary
advertisement of a list of the Minerva Press Juvenile Prize Books and Presents
appears Shipwrecked Orphans, a True Narrative, bv John Ireland, but the publica-
tion of this little book was also due to others.
It was towards the end of the last century that Lane took A. K. Newman
and John Darling, a clever young Edinburgh printer, into partnership, the firm
trading for a short time as Lane, Darling, Newman & Co. Then came a separa-


tion, Darling continuing to print for Lane, Newman & Co. in premises immediately
behind No. 31. Soon afterwards Lane retired from business, and Newman, over
whose central door was a bust of Minerva, and whose book imprint was "A. K.
Newman & Co., at the Minerva Press, Leadenhall Street," devoted himself ex-
clusively to publishing. Newman finally retired about 1849 or 1850, and was
succeeded by Robert S. Parry who purchased his stock, but when in 1859 the
premises were pulled down to make way for modern improvements all traces
of the Minerva Press publishing business seem to have disappeared. Mr.
Darling's son, who is assisted by his sons, is a successful London printer and
continues to use the sign of the Minerva Press." Over the door of his
Eastcheap premises the old bust depicted in the cut may still be seen.
A. K. Newman & Co. had in their employment several country travellers
and this led to an arrangement with another equally well-known publishing
house, Dean & Munday, of Threadneedle Street, whose business operations were
confined exclusively to London, and who issued a great number of entertaining
and cleverly illustrated books for children. Of those that pleased him Newman
was in the habit of ordering, at half the published price, special editions of one
thousand copies, wherein the imprint of Dean & Munday, Threadneedle Street,
was dropped and his own substituted. When copies were ordered in small
quantities only, as required, this arrangement was departed from, and the joint
imprint used of Dean & Munday, Threadneedle Street, and A. K. Newman & Co.,
Leadenhall Street. Dame Wiggins of Lee was published by Dean & Munday,
Newman buying under the arrangement mentioned one thousand copies on which
his imprint alone appeared. Mr. Ruskin's copy was one of these, and hence his
misconception as to the name of the real publisher. Reprints of the same edition
bear the joint imprint of Dean & Munday and A. K. Newman & Co.
I was lately fortunate enough to sweep into what Mr. Sala is pleased to term
my omnivorous drag-net" the almost forgotten, and for a generation or two
unused, wood blocks used in the old days by Dean & Munday for their children's
books, and on examination I found to my delight that amongst them were not
only the original cuts to Dame Wiggins of Lee but those to Deborah Dent and her
Donkey, and Madam Fig's Gala, besides many others of equal interest. Through
the kindness of Mr. Dean, largely supplemented by drafts made upon my own
collection, I have gathered together copies of nearly all the little books which
these blocks illustrate. Their interest is various. Sometimes it is the simple
attraction of frolic rhymes illustrated with vigour; sometimes it is the subject
rather than the manner of the designs that delights us-a record of costume, for
instance, quite unintentionally but not the less keenly grotesque; sometimes
again we are beguiled of our laughter by the solemnity of these minor writers
for little readers-their use of words that seem much longer than the babies who
are supposed to speak them, the disproportionate morals of the stories, and truly
terrific retributions cheerfully inflicted in the most polite phrases. For such
things belong to a state of the world passed away and forgotten.

In letting him know of the "find" I asked Mr. Ruskin whether he would
object to my issuing, in a cheap form, Dame Wiggins of Lee with the original
blocks, and he characteristically replies, I shall be entirely glad that the public
should be further interested in or more generally possessed of the old designs."
Of Dean & Munday, whose fortunes were so closely interwoven with those
of A. K. Newman & Co., Mr. G. A. H. Dean, head of the well-known publishing
house of Dean & Sons, Fleet Street, is the direct descendant. Dean & Munday
published for the two Miss Stricklands and for Miss Corner, of whose History of
England, still popular in a revised form, over 1oo,ooo copies have been sold.
Mr. Dean of the old firm married the daughter of a well-known printer
named Bailey, of Bishopsgate Street, whose sign for many years displayed
above the entrance to his premises, was a always interpreted to the
curious as
Great A, little a, and a big bouncing 1t
Bailey is said to have been the originator of a cheap method of printing, by
which he at first hopelessly cut out rivals. He made up a large forme of type
containing a number of small advertising bills for different clients and printed
them all off at one time. Before this each job had been separately printed.
In the early days of Dean 6 Munday's firm the partners lived for terms of
three months in Threadneedle Street. A partnership on too close a basis has,
However, its awkwardnesses, and after marriage, when children began to appear,
things somehow began to get a little mixed. It is on record that when the nurse
kept permanently on the staff was one day walking in Threadneedle Street with
her little charges, a stranger asked her whose they were. Oh," said she,
" them's Dean & Munday's children "
Another little story of the period has been handed down. A complaint made
by one of Dean & Munday's apprentices concerning the quality of the food sup-
plied was investigated, as usual in those days, at the Guildhall. Mr. Dean, who
appeared with the apprentice before the Chamberlain, explained that the lad was
fed at his own table, and that the joints were had from Crowe, of Throgmorton
Street, the best City butcher of the time. "The meat's bad," muttered the boy
sulkily. What's the matter with it ?" said the Chamberlain. "Why it's
always the same-you give it one turn, and then down it goes: there's no chew
in it." ANDREW W. TUER.
Of this series of Forgotten Picture Books for Children, Dame Wiggins of Lee
forms No. I, The Gaping Wide-mouthed Waddling Frog No. 2, and Deborah Dent
and her Donkey No. 3: others will follow.
t A variant of the first two lines of an old nursery rhyme:
Great A, little a,
Bouncing B;
The cat's in the cupboard
And she can't see.


DEBORAH DENT had a Donkey so fine !
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig.
Cried Debby, I'll kiss this sweet Donkey of
For sure the dear creature is almost divine;
Look at his eyes, how they sparkle and shine!
He's an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig.


In a car the fair ladies at Brighton he drew,
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig.
And jogging along with a jolly fat crew,
Quite into the sea for coolness he flew,
And made some fine pastime for dandies to
Like an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig.


To the stump of his tail some gay ribands she
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig.
And then at the races he tript o'er the ground,
And bore off the prize, 'ere a flea could hop
round :
Though the slowest of Donkeys the winner is
He's an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig.


Bundle'em jig.
You'll get high in practice, and pocket a fee :
Since many a doctor (all parties agree)
Is famous, though silly as silly can be ;
Oh, thou ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'elm jig.


Says Deborah, Wherefore, since learning's the
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig,
Should not my dear Donkey teach children
their page ?
Pray set up a school, and be one of the sage,
In this wonderful, wonderful, wonderful age,
Like an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig,


She sent for a barber, her Donkey to shave,
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig,
Cried Frizzle,-O, sir, what a strong beard you
have !
This counsellor's wig will make you look grave,
And then at the bar you may bellow and rave
Like an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig,


,I I

And now, since your talents are general, you
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig.

Set up as an artist, take portraits also.
The Ass took the hint-daub'd a canvas or so,
But found that his genius was lazy and slow.
Like an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig.


My tale to conclude : he draws sand in a cart,
Marrowbones, cherrystones,
Bundle'em jig.

Having failed to get credit in science or art,
With her crutch Deb pretends that she'll give
him a smart,
Though she's fond of her old Donkey still in
her heart,
Who's still an ambling, scambling,
Braying-sweet, turn-up feet,
Mane-cropt, tail-lopt,
High-bred, thistle-fed,
Merry old Bundle'em jig.


..... . .. x


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