Pictures and stories of natural history

Material Information

Pictures and stories of natural history wild animals
Elwes, Alfred Thomas ( Illustrator )
Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
London ;
Edinburgh ;
New York
T. Nelson and Sons
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
90, [6] p. : ill. ; 17 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Natural history -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Zoology -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1885 ( rbgenr )
Prize books (Provenance) -- 1885 ( rbprov )
Bldn -- 1885
Publishers' catalogues ( rbgenr )
Prize books (Provenance) ( rbprov )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )


General Note:
Frontispiece by A.T. Elwes.
General Note:
Publisher's catalogue follows text.
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
Statement of Responsibility:
with eleven illustrations.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
026918418 ( ALEPH )
ALH6480 ( NOTIS )
64613059 ( OCLC )

Full Text

The Baldwin Library
F nrida






Ip I







oi onbon:


t t 9.

THE ELEPHANT, ... ... .
Elephant Hunt in Africa, ...
Elephant Corral in Ceylon, .
The Elephant and the Tailor, .. 23

THE LION, ... ... ... ...
The Traveller and the Lion, .. 43
The Lioness and her Cubs, .44

THE TIGER, ... ... 4
A Tiger Hunt, ... ... 49

THE LEOPARD, ...... 53

THE JAGUAR, ... 61


THE ZEBRA, ...... 72

THE STAG, ... 74

THE ANTELOPE, ... ..... 79






i HE home of the Elephant is in the deep
Q shady forest.
The forests in hot countries reach a great
many miles. The trees grow thick and tall,
and make it almost dark.
The elephant likes the shade. He will
stand in the coolest place he can find. He
will keep flapping his ears, to drive away the
flies; or he will pull down a bough with his
trunk, and fan himself with it.
But he likes better still to get into a stream
of water. He sucks the water up in his trunk,


and then spouts it all over his body. He is
so fond of bathing that he cannot be happy
away from the water.
And he is very fond of fruit. Many nice
fruits grow in the forest, and they serve him
for food. Besides the fruit, he eats the leaves
and the young tender boughs of the trees.
There is plenty for him in his native forest.
But sometimes he is not content. When the
crops of rice and Indian corn are getting ripe
in the fields, he thinks he should like a taste
of them. Then he does a great deal of mis-
chief. He will come out of the forest and go
trampling along with his clumsy feet. When he
gets to a garden or a field, he will break down
the fence and walk in. It will be in the night,
when people are asleep, and the elephant will
have it all his own way. He will eat as much
as he can, and trample down more than he
When the man who owns the field gets up
the next morning, he will find no elephant, for
the elephant is gone back to the forest. But
all the nice young crop will be spoiled.
A great many flowers grow in the forest.


oI r.



Some of these have a very sweet scent, and
the elephant likes the smell of them. Some-
times he will gather them with his trunk, and
make them into a nosegay, and seem very
pleased with them. And he likes best to eat
those trees that have a pleasant smell. He
will eat the orange-tree quite up, so that not a
bit of it is left!
When the elephants move about in the
forest, the oldest elephant goes first. The
little elephants and their mothers are in the
middle of the troop, that they may be the
safest. They march along with a great tram-
pling noise. The boughs of the trees bend and
break before them.
No one dares to attack a herd of elephants
marching through the forest. But if an ele-
phant stay behind, the hunters will try to
take him. They want his teeth, and the two
ivory tusks that grow on each side of his
mouth ; or they want to tame him, and make
him carry and draw like the horse or the
He can do things that the horse cannot.
He can wait on his master, like a servant.


His trunk is as useful to him as if it were
a hand, and he can move it about as he likes.
When he wants to eat, he takes the food up
with his trunk and puts it into his mouth.
He can pick up a pin as well as you can; and
lie can untie a knot, or unlock a door, or even
be taught to write with a pen !


THE elephant that lives in Africa is not tamed
and made to work. It used to be, once upon
a time. The soldiers, when they went to
battle, were mounted on the backs of ele-
phants. But it did not always answer. For
if the elephants were driven back, they
would run trampling down their own party,
and would do as much mischief on one side
as on the other.
In these days the people who live in Africa
do not take the trouble to tame the elephant.
When they go to hunt, they try to kill him.
They want his tusks, and his teeth, which are


ivory; and a great many elephants are killed
for nothing but the ivory.
The white men use guns to shoot the ele-
phant with. And those tribes that are sub-
ject to the English use guns too. But the
plan of the natives is to hunt the elephant
with spears.
The natives have first to find out where the
elephant is. He does not often show himself.
He keeps in the thickest and coolest part of
the forest, and is so hidden by the shrubs and
trees, that they may be close to him and yet
not see him. But the natives go about look-
ing on the ground for what they call the
"spoor" of the elephant. That means the
mark of his foot upon the ground. They are
very clever in guessing what sort of an ele-
phant it is that has made the spoor, and they
follow the spoor all through the forest till they
come to where the elephant is.
If they do not see him, they stand quite
still and listen. They listen to hear him
breathe; for he makes a funny noise when he
breathes, like the bubbling of water. When
they have come to the end of the spoor, they


are sure to hear the bubbling noise; by which
they know the elephant is close by
It is a mother elephant, perhaps, with her
two young ones. She stands browsing under
the trees, her little ones beside her. All at
once, something sharp hurts her and makes
her start. It is a spear. The man who
threw it is hidden behind a tree, where the
elephant cannot see him. She becomes angry.
She throws her trunk into the air, and makes a
shrill noise like a trumpet. She goes tram-
pling off among the trees, her little ones with
her. The men keep out of her way. If she
saw them, she would run full at them, and
trample them to death.
They let her run as far as she likes. When
she gets a good way off, she will stop, and
fancy she is out of danger. But the men
follow her, step by step. She stands resting
herself and getting her breath after the run
she has had, when there comes another spear.
The black faces peer at her through the bushes.
The poor elephant has to set off again. This
time her body has a great many spears stick-
ing in it.


She will be driven about in this way by the
hunters. They are very patient, and keep on
day after day. She gets weak from loss of
blood, and cannot run any more. At last she
falls down and dies, and the hunters carry
away her tusks and her teeth.
Thus, in spite of the size and strength of
the elephant, man-with his gift of reason,
and his skill-is able to subdue it, and make
himself the master.


THERE are a great many elephants in the
island of Ceylon, and the people who live
there are very fond of trying to catch them.
It is great riches to them to get the elephants;
for they can sell them as soon as they are tame
enough. And even if one die in being caught,
there are his ivory tusks, which are worth a
good deal of money.
The first thing the natives do is to choose a
place near to the forest, and make a fence
(734) 2


round it, as we might do to pen cattle in.
Only we should not make it so large, or so
-'.tiig, for each post in the fence is really the
trunk of a tree.
The space inside the fence is called a corral.
The fence has open places like great door-ways
left in it, where the elephants are to get in;
that is, when they come rushing towards it,
which the natives will contrive to make then
do by-and-by.
All the time the corral is being got ready,
the elephants are safe and happy in the forest.
But they begin to see blazing lights all round
them. These lights are the fires that the
natives are making to frighten the elephants.
The fires seem at first a long way off. But
they come nearer and nearer, until the poor
elephants are hemmed in by fires on all sides
but one. Behind the flames are crowds of men,
with white shining sticks and spears in their
hands. The men knock these sticks about,
and brandish their spears, and make a great
shouting noise, to frighten the elephants as
much as they can.
The elephants look about, to see which way

' r'',: ' I'__ -. ";d i . -



they can escape from the noise. Only one way
is left open, and the whole herd sets off with
a furious rush down it. That one way leads
them to the corral As soon as the elephants
are in the corral, the natives bar up the door-
ways, so that they cannot get out again. Then
the poor elephants find themselves penned in,
as safe as if they were in prison.
Meanwhile the natives have plenty to do.
The corral is very much crowded, as you see,
and one by one the elephants must be got out.
Do you see those two men riding upon
elephants ? Those elephants are tame ones.
They were once caught in the corral them-
selves; but they have been well taught, and
are quite willing to catch their old friends of
the forest.
The natives on foot have also plenty to do.
They have just got an elephant out of the
corral, and are barring the door-way behind
him. He seems in a great passion; but the
tame elephants know how to manage him.
They will come, one on each side of him,
and will stroke him with their trunks, and
seem to talk to him. He gets a little quieter


while the tame elephants are with him, and
they entice him to follow them away from
the corral. They stop when they come to a
good strong tree. The natives keep close
behind, and begin in a minute to coil the rope
round and round the tree. I mean the rope
that is hanging to the elephant's leg. The
elephant does not take any notice of what
they are doing, so long as his false friends are
with him. But as soon as lie is tied fast to
the tree, they go away and leave him. He
wants to go after them; and when he finds
that he cannot, he screams, and roars, and
struggles as if he would pull down the tree !
The natives soon come back, and bring him
cocoa-nuts and plenty of nice green leaves to
eat. He is too angry to eat at present, and
he tosses the cocoa-nuts about, and tramples
them under his feet. But in spite of his rage
he cannot help getting hungry. By-and-by
he is glad to take all the nuts and good things
the natives can bring him. He gets tame
and gentle. And in a little time he can be
ridden about, and made to do anything his
master likes.



. HOPE you are not tired of the elephant. I
have something more to tell you about him.
When the elephant has been tamed he is
very gentle, and does as he is bid. But he
does not like to be teased; and he will not put
up with it either.
One day an elephant was passing a tailor's
shop in India. As he was going by, the
tailor called to him to stop, and held out his
hand, as if he had something to give him.
But instead of this, he was going to play
him a trick. The elephant put his trunk into
the shop, thinking he should have some cake
or some fruit. No such thing. The unkind
tailor only gave the elephant's trunk a prick
with his needle. Then he laughed; and all
the men in the shop laughed with him.
The elephant did not like to be made fun
of. But he seemed to take no notice, and
walked away. He did not forget it, however;
and what is more, he made up his mind to
punish the tailor


The next day the elephant went down the
street again. Before he came to the tailor's
shop, he stopped at a puddle of dirty water.
Here he filled his trunk quite full, and
then went on again. He went on to the
tailor's shop-and what do you think he did ?
The tailor was sitting at work as usual, and
a smart crimson robe lay on his knee. The
elephant came to a stand. He looked at the
tailor, and then lifted up his trunk and
squirted the dirty water all over him!
I am afraid the smart robe on his knee
would be spoiled. But perhaps he would learn
to do as he would be done by, and not be so
fond of teasing.
But I can tell you another little story about
the elephant.
If any one is kind to him, he never forgets
it. A poor woman had a stall in a market
and sold fruit. An elephant used to go by,
and always stopped to look at her stall. She
knew how fond the elephant was of fruit; and
she used, now and then, to give him some.
One day the elephant went into a passion
with his keeper. He broke loose, and ran


through the market, trampling down every
thing before him. The people at the stalls
ran away as fast as they could. The poor
woman left her stall and ran too. But she
forgot, in her fright, that her little child was
sitting on the ground, close by the stall! It
was just in the elephant's way, and you would
think it must have been trampled to death.
But the elephant knew the child again, and
knew that this was the stall where he had
been fed with fruit. Though he was in a
passion, he stopped. He looked at the child,
and picked it up with his trunk. Then he set
it out of his way, and went on. -You may
think how glad the poor woman was to see
her child safe.
Is it not better to be kind to dumb animals,
than to tease them and to play them tricks ?


7HE Lion is so strong and so bold, that
he has been called the King of Beasts."
And yet the great roaring lion is nothing
more than a giant cat
His teeth, his paws, his eyes, and his ears
are made quite like those of a cat. He makes
the same use of them, too: for he watches in
the same still, patient manner, that a cat does;
and then springs upon his prey, and seizes it
with his teeth and claws.
The lion has a long shaogy mane. The
lioness is covered with a glossy coat of short,
thick hair, but has no mane.
The lions may be called the giants, and the
real pussies the dwarfs, among animals of the
cat kind.
The home of the largest lions is far away


on the wild mountains and great plains of
The lion lives also in Asia, but he is not so
large and strong as the lion of Africa.
In the north of Africa the Arabs live in
constant dread of the lion.
The Arabs, you know, dwell in tents; and
when a number of tents are put up near one
another, they form an Arab village.
Often, at night, a lion will come and attack
one of these tent villages.
His home is on the mountains, perhaps
twenty or thirty miles away. A .nice, well-
kept home it is, under the thickest cover of
bushes he can find.
There he lies snugly all dlay, and sleeps with
his wife and little ones.
But when the sun is going down, he leaves
his den and goes forth to hunt.
Thirty or forty miles are only a nice walk
for him Down he marches from his moun-
tain home.
When he comes near the Arab tents, he
steals along on his softly-cushioned feet, that
make no sound as he treads.


When all is still, his terrible voice is heard,
and in the silence of the night it sounds like
The dogs bark, and the horses, oxen, and
camels rush about in wild terror. The men
light fires all around, and toss about flaming
torches, to try to scare him away.
He minds them very little, and the thunder
of his voice drowns every other sound. He
walks straight on to the place where the cattle
are, and in a few minutes three or four oxen
fall beneath his terrible paws.
It is said that sometimes he will drive one
or two oxen home before him all the way to
his den, where his wife and little ones are
waiting for their food.
In this way, by these nightly visits, the
Arabs sometimes have their whole flocks and
herds carried off.
Although the lion seldom leaves his den
during the day, yet when he is hungry he may
be found roaming over the plains.
There, large herds of wild asses and
antelopes go trooping along.
They scent the lion at a great distance;


and when they hear his voice, they scorn-
away over the desert like the wind.
In their terror, some of them run near the
place where the lion lies hid. Then he couches,
his eye glares, and with one bound he springs
on his prey.
He has not a fine quick scent, like the cat,
or even like the dog;-he hunts by the eye
alone. And what a terrible eye! Keen of
sight, full of fire, and shining vividly in the
darkness, like a lamp !
The lion does not feed often; but at one
meal he will devour as much food as will
satisfy him for two or three days. .No sooner
has he finished his feast than he retires to his
gloomy den, which he seldom leaves until his
appetite constrains him to sally forth in pur-
suit of prey.
His teeth are remarkable for their strength;
indeed, the lion can break the bones of his
victim as easily as you or I can snap a reed;
and these he frequently swallows, together
with the flesh.
His tongue, as in other members of his
family, is furnished with prickles and these


are so long and so strong that they are cap-
able of tearing the skin; while the muscles
which raise the giant jaws are of enormous
It is upon dark and stormy nights that,

Through the gloom,
Loading the winds, is heard the hungry howl
Of famished monsters ; "

and it is upon dark and stormy nights that
the lion issues from his lair. Then it is that
the traveller must watch with more than usual
watchfulness, if he should be crossing a tract
of country frequented by lions. The sentinel,
posted to guard a camp or a caravan, is, on
nights like these, in great danger,-in danger
of being suddenly attacked, and carried off
before his comrades can arrive to his assist-
Let me ask you to read the following true
story :-
The waggons and cattle of a party of
travellers in South Africa had been comfort-
ably put up for the night; but before break
of day signs were noticed of a remarkable
tumult and disorder.

/'. .' O


Some of the travellers rising to inquire into
the cause, discovered a lion standing at no
great distance from their tent. They stepped
forward to confront him.
On seeing them, he walked with a slow and
measured step to a small thorn-bush, about
thirty paces distant, carrying with him what
the travellers supposed to be a young ox.
They took aim, inand fired at the bush. The
south-east wind blew very strong; the sky
was clear; and the moon shone very bright,
so that objects could be seen with tolerable
After the cattle had been quieted, and the
leader of the party had taken a general survey,
he missed the sentry who had been stationed
in front of the tent.
He and his fellow-travellers then called as
loudly as possible, but in vain; there was no
reply. They grew alarmed; could the man
have been carried off by the lion ?
Three or four of them advanced very cau-
tiously to the bush, which stood exactly op-
posite the entrance of the tent, to see if they
could discover any trace of the missing indi-
(734) 3


vidual; but they returned faster than they
went, for the lion, which was still there, started
up and began to roar.
About a hundred shots were again fired at
the bush, without their perceiving anything
of the lion. One of the men was induced,
after a while, to make another attempt to
reach the bush, and advanced with a fire-
brand in his hand; but as soon as he drew
near the bush, the lion roared terribly, and
leaped at him. Whereupon he flung the
torch at the monster, and the other people
having fired about ten shots, though so nerv-
ously and awkwardly that not one hit him, he
returned immediately to his former station.
The firebrand, as it happened, fell into the
bush, and set fire to it; and the flames being
helped by the wind, they gave so strong a
light that the travellers could clearly see into
and through the bush. They saw that the
lion still clutched his victim ; and at last, not-
withstanding the shots aimed at him, he calmly
walked away, and carried off in triumph his
living booty.
Was not that terrible ? I do not know at


which 1 wonder most,-the cool courage of
the lion, or the cowardice of the men who
could see their comrade carried off before their
eyes, without making one bold, resolute effort
to save him!
I have told you of his terrible voice. Well,
it is a very peculiar voice, and once heard, can
never be forgotten.
It consists, at times, of a kind of low deep
moan, frequently repeated, and ending in a
long-drawn sigh, so faint that you can hardly
hear it.
At other times, it startles the forest, and
awakens every echo, with loud and solemn
roars, uttered in quick succession, each roar
being louder than the one preceding, until the
fourth or fifth, when it dies away in five or six
low muffled sounds, very much resembling
distant thunder.
To hear the voice of a lion to perfection, it
is said, you should be near at hand when two
or three different troops of lions approach a
fountain to drink at the same time. When
this occurs, every member of each troop sounds
a bold note of defiance at the opposite parties;


and when one roars, all roar together, and
each seems to roar louder than his comrade, or
endeavours to do so.
This must be very grand, and very awful;
but I think you and I, dear reader, will be
content with what we can hear and see of the
lion at the Zoological Gardens.
I am now going to tell you another story
about the lion, which will show you how fierce
he is, and how nobly some men can face danger
and endure suffering.
Once upon a time, two fine lions made their
appearance in a jungle, or low thick wood and
marsh, some twenty miles distant from a small
fort, in the East Indies, where Captain Wood-
house and his two friends, Lieutenants Dela-
main and Lang, were stationed.
When the news was brought to these
gallant soldiers, they determined to hunt
down the lions, and deliver the country from
the terror of their presence.
They sent their servants and an elephant
to the place without delay; and next morning
they mounted their horses, as soon as the sun
rose, and galloped awayto encounter the enemy.


When they reached the edge of the jungle,
people were ordered to climb the neighboring
trees, so as to trace the path taken by the
lions in case they left the cover of the canes
and reeds.
After beating about in the thick leafy
shadows of the jungle for a while, the hunters
roused up the two noble strangers, and firing
immediately, one of the lions fell, to rise no
more. The other escaped from the jungle,
and darted across the open country.
After him rode our three officers as fast as
their spirited horses could gallop; but the lion
made many a bend and turn, and at last took
refuge in the jungle again.
The officers quickly sprang from their horses
and mounted the back of the elephant, Captain
Woodhouse taking the hindmost seat. Then
they advanced into the very heart of the dense
jungle, trampling down the shrubs and grasses,
and hoping to force the lord of the forest from
his retreat.
They found him at last; found him stand-
ing under a large bush; and calmly awaiting
their coming.



A TRAVELLER in South Africa once set out on
a journey. When far from home he had to
cross a wide plain, where he saw a lion at a
distance. The lion saw him at the same time,
and began slowly to follow him.
When the traveller walked fast, the lion
walked fast; and when he stopped, the lion
stopped! The man saw that the lion meant
to follow him until dark, and then spring upon
He was not able to run away from the lion,
for the lion could run faster than he- could;
so he thought of a plan to cheat him.
He came to a high cliff, below which was
"a deep hollow. Creeping down, he hid behind
"a rock, where the lion could not see him.
Then taking a stick which he found among
the rocks, he put on it his coat and his hat,
so as to make them look like a man. He then
held the stick above the rock behind which
he was hid.
Soon the lion came creeping slyly along.


No sooner had they got within reach of his
spring, than with one tremendous bound he
attacked the elephant, clinging to his trunk,
and wounding him just above the eye.
The two lieutenants, though somewhat un-
nerved by his roar, fired at him, but without
success. The elephant was much startled and
alarmed, but contrived to shake off his furious
Again they advanced into the jungle : and
again the lion, which had concealed himself
among the thick tall grass, made a furious
attack. The officers now gave up all hopes
of keeping their elephant in order. He turned
round abruptly. Once more the lion, with a
tremendous roar, leaped at him, seized him
behind with his teeth, and hung on, until the
terrified animal succeeded in shaking him off
by incessant kicking.
Then the lion drew back further into the
leafy darkness; but the officers could not in-
duce the elephant to follow.
Resolved, however, that the king of beasts
should not escape, Captain Woodhouse came to
the rash determination of pursuing him alone.


The moment he saw the coat and the hat,
he made a sudden spring at them. He
bounded right over the place where the man
lay, and falling down among the rocks, was
The traveller was saved, and ere long lie
reached his own home.


THE lioness is much smaller than the lion,
and her form is more slender and graceful.
The home of the lioness, in a wild state,
is generally in some lonely, gloomy place, and
all around is watched with the greatest care.
Woe to the intruder, whether man or beast,
that unwarily comes near the lioness in her
den !
An English officer in India was one morn-
ing out on horseback, armed with a rifle. He
was suddenly surprised by a large male lion,
which bounded from the thick jungle, at the
distance of only a few yards.


The officer instantly fired. The shot took
effect, and the lion fell dead at his feet.
No sooner was this formidable foe thus dis-
posed of, than a second, equally terrible, made
its appearance. It was a lioness.
The officer fired again, and wounded her so
dangerously, that she retreated to the jungle.
The officer followed, and soon traced her to
her den. There the brave mother tried to
defend her young ones-but in vain. Another
shot from the officer's rifle soon stretched her
The cubs were only a few days old. These
the officer and his servants brought away with
By the assistance of a goat, which was pre-
vailed on to act as foster-nmother to the royal
pair, the officer succeeded in rearing them till
they were old enough and strong enough to
bear the voyage to England. There they were
kept for many years.


After searching about for some time, he
caught sight of the lion through the waving
screen of the climbing and tangled bushes and
creeping plants. He fired his rifle at him,
but felt convinced that he had not hit him,
as he saw him withdraw with dignified com-
posure into the thicker part of the brake.
Another search, and the captain's Indian
servant discovered him in the covert, and
pointed him out to his master, who fired
again, but, in the uncertain light, missed his
Having retired to reload his rifle, he was
joined by Lieutenant Delamain, who, on going
a: few yards down a sheep-track, got sight of
the forest-king, and discharged his rifle at him.
This irritated the royal beast, and dashing
through the bushes, he rushed to punish the
Can you not fancy that Captain Woodhouse
was then in a very dangerous position ?
He saw that if he retraced his steps so as
to secure a better firing-point, he would reach
the spot from which the lieutenant had fired,
and to which the lion with many a leap and


bound was hastening. It seemed to him
therefore wiser to stand still, in the hope that
the royal beast would sweep by without notic-
ing him, as a growth of canes and brambles
rose between them.
He was deceived. The enraged animal's
keen glance fell upon him, and immediately he
dashed at his persecutor, uttering a tremendous
roar. In an instant, as though by a stroke
of lightning, the rifle was snapped in two, and
flung from the captain's hand; his left arm being
at the same instant seized by the claws, and
his right by the teeth, of his furious antagonist.
Lieutenant Delamain now ran up, and dis-
charged his gun full at the lion, which caused
both him and the captain to come to the
ground together, while Lieutenant Delamain
ran out of the jungle to reload. The lion
began to crunch his prisoner's arm; but he
was cool enough and resolute enough to lie
perfectly still, notwithstanding the agony he
suffered; and the beast let the arm drop out
of his mouth, and quickly placed himself in a
crouching attitude, with both of his paws on
the thigh of his fallen foe.


After a minute or two, the captain thought-
lessly raised his hand to support his head;
but no sooner had he moved it than the lion
seized a second time the poor wounded arm,
and-was it not dreadful ?-crunched it as
before, as you might crunch a crust of bread,
breaking the bone still higher up.
Once more the captain remained perfectly
still, though bleeding and disabled, under the
feet of a powerful and offended enemy.
Can you imagine any position more terrible ?
Do you not admire the quiet heroism of the
captain, in enduring so calmly such an ex-
tremity of pain ?
Death seemed close at hand, when, just as
he felt his senses leaving him, he heard two
faint reports, apparently at a distance, for
which he could not account.
He afterwards learned that they were caused
by his friend at the outside of the jungle, who
had flashed off some gunpowder to make sure
that the barrels of his rifle were clear.
But now the two lieutenants made haste
to his assistance, and he heard the welcome
sound of feet approaching, though in a wrong


direction, as the lion was between them and
him. Aware that if his friends fired, the balls
would pass through the lion's body, and after-
wards hit hiin, he spoke in a very low, clear
voice, and said, To the other side to the
other side "
His friends heard him, and looking in the
direction from which the voice proceeded,
were horrified at their comrade's perilous con-
They stole through the jungle cautiously,
gained the other side of the lion, and, when
within about a dozen yards, Lieutenant Dela-
main took careful aim, and fired, over the
person of his suffering friend.
The lion quivered, then his head dropped
suddenly upon the ground, and in an instant
he lay dead by the side of his intended victim.
I am happy to tell you that Captain Wood-
house, though much injured, recovered from
his wounds, and lived to tell this tale to his
children's children.


T HE Tiger, like the lion, is just a giant cat.
^, He has no mane, but his coat, which
is of a bright orange-yellow colour, is all
covered over with black stripes.
In India there are vast tracts of waste land
called jungle, overgrown with tall, thick
bushes and grass. It is there chiefly that the
tiger has his haunts.
Unlike the lion, he runs so swiftly that the
fleetest horse cannot overtake him !
He goes over the ground at a fearful rate,
by making bounds or springs.
By day, as well as by night, the tiger is on
the watch for his prey.
When an army is marching near a jungle,
it sometimes happens that a tiger will spring


With a frightful roar he will seize a man,
and carry him off before anything can be done
to save him.
Have you ever thought of what use whiskers
are to cats ?
Lions have great whiskers, and so have
tigers, and all other animals of the cat tribe.
Whenever you find an animal with whiskers
like the cat, you may be sure that that animal
is meant to steal softly among branches and
thick bushes.
Bythe slightest touch on the tiger's whiskers,
he knows, even in the deepest darkness, when
there is anything in his path, and whether it
would make too much noise and alarm his prey
as he creeps along through the jungle.
Some years ago, a number of English officers
went out to hunt.
In returning home after their day's sport,
they found in the jungle a pretty little tiger
They took it with them, and tied it with a
collar and chain to the pole of their tent.
It played about, to the delight of all who
saw it.


But, just as it was growing dark, the
people in the tent were checked in the midst
of their mirth.
A sound was heard that caused the bravest
among them to quail.
It was the roar of a tiger !
In an instant the little kitten strained at
the chain with all its baby strength, and tried
to break loose.
With a loud wail it replied to the terrible
voice outside.
Suddenly there leaped into the midst of the
tent a huge tigress!
She at once caught up her kitten by the
neck, and snapped with one jerk the chain
which bound it.
Then turning to the tent door, she dashed
away at full speed to the jungle.
One cannot be sorry that not a gun was
raised at the brave mother, as she bore her
young one off in triumph.



IT is not very safe to hunt the tiger.
People are more afraid of the tiger than they
are of the lion. The tiger is so cruel, that they
always try to hunt him down if they can.
He lives in the jungle. In the jungle, as
you have been told, the grass and shrubs grow
very densely. It is hard work for the hunters
to force their way along; and any moment
the tiger may spring out upon them.
The hunters ride on the back of an elephant.
They sit in a car that, in India, is called a
The elephant knows his way through the
forest, for he lived there before he was caught
and tamed by his master.
He is very careful that his master does not
get hurt by the branches of the trees that hang
over his head. He will pull them down with
his trunk, or push them out of the way.
The elephant knows when a tiger is near.
He makes a shrill cry, and the men on his back
get their spears and guns ready.
(734) 4


In a very few minutes the tiger springs out
of the jungle. He makes a dreadful growling,
and his eyes sparkle like fire !
The elephant knows what to do. He lifts
"up his trunk in the air, to be out of the way.
If the tiger were to lay hold of his trunk, the
elephant could not defend either himself or his
master. The tiger will come springing with
great force; but the elephant tries to knock
him down with his trunk. The men in the
howdah fire off their guns. If the tiger should
happen to get wounded and to fall, the ele-
phant sets his great foot on him, and crushes
him to death.
But sometimes it happens that the elephant
is not either so brave or so quick. Then the
men in the howdah are in very great danger.
The tiger will climb up the side of the ele-
phant like a cat, and there is no knowing what
mischief he may do.
Once upon a time some men went to hunt
the tiger. The elephant did not like to face
him, and turned round to get away. In
a moment the tiger climbed up his side. He
laid hold of one of the men with his sharp


teeth, and dragged him down to the ground.
Then he threw him over his back as easily as a
cat would a mouse, and set off with him to
the jungle !
Do you wonder what became of the poor
man ? He lay on the back of the tiger, and
every now and then his face was scratched by
the thorns and briers through which he was
being dI ;I'-:'l. He had a pair of pistols in his
belt, and he drew one of them out and took
aim at the tiger's head. He fired, but missed
the tiger, and only made him angry and give
the man a shake. But the man drew out his
other pistol, and fired again. This time he did
not miss his aim, and the tiger fell dead on the
He was glad he had killed the tiger. But
he was still more glad when he heard voices,
and the trampling of the elephant. His friends
had come after him, and would carry him away
in safety.
The tiger is very handsome with his striped
skin; but he is more fierce and cruel than any
of the creatures that live in the forest. When
a tigress has had her cubs shot by a hunter,
0 *


she will sometimes follow him to the town where
he lives. She is mad with rage, and will rush
into the streets.
It is a good thing that there are not very
many tigers.


I HE Leopard is another of the giants of the
Scat race.
In India it is called the tree-tiger, because
it is so nimble and active that it can climb a
tree with great ease.
It is one of the most beautiful of all the
animals of the cat tribe.
Its form is very graceful, and its skin is
covered with beautiful spots.
The leopard has often been tamed, and in a
tame state it is very playful.
The cubs of the leopard are pretty, graceful
creatures, and sport about with each other like
so many kittens.
In India the leopard is sometimes trained
to the chase, and is so gentle that it can be
led about like a greyhound.


It is carried to the field in a cart, and as
soon as a herd of deer or of antelopes comes
in sight it is loosed. But I shall tell you
more about this, when I come to speak about
the Antelope.
When a wild leopard is driven to take refuge
in a tree, it shows great skill in choosing a
place where its whole body will be hid from
the hunters below.
The leopard does not take to the water so
readily as the tiger; but when pressed by
hunger, or driven into the water by the
hunters, it shows itself to be a very good
swimmer, and can cross a wide river without
I must tell you that there are three species
of the leopard tribe or family, very much like
one another in size and general appearance, yet
differing in some important points, so that it
will not do to confuse them, as is sometimes
These three are the leopard, the panther,
and the jaguar.
The leopard and the panther bear such a
close resemblance, that if you looked at the


spotted skins only, you could not distinguish
them. But the leopard is never found out of
Africa-I mean the true leopard-while the
panther is found in Asia, and in the beautiful
and spice-laden Indian islands, as well as in
If the leopard is caught when quite young,
and treated with kindness, it will become as
tame and domestic as a pet cat; though all
leopards are not alike in temper or disposition,
any more than are boys or girls.
I have read of a tame leopard, belonging
to a gentleman, which, at meal-time, would
sit by his master's side, like a dog, and wait
patiently for his share.
One morning he broke the cord by which
lie was confined. The castle gates being
shut,-his master was the governor of a fort
or castle in Africa,-a chase commenced; but
after leading his pursuers several times round
the ramparts, and knocking over a few chil-
dren by bouncing against them, he suffered
himself to be caught, and led quietly back to
his kennel.
By degrees his master allowed him to enjoy


ti E t' 7'- *, i, : I .i1 i I -** t .it
l i.:- i i 1, .t in r i li, lr i t.. t r -,i ..,li't-

-' l i- ". ,-"-' i, ,. v,-,. i, -t lik .

i, 1 "' i. I. ,i I- t ,, l- *i

,, L .. I .

11iK i ,1 t ,, t l.- ,,t' lii' ,
I. I'it lilt I K si'

. __ -
i t i *1_,- it

,1ll^- -,



which brought him to the ground. He then
stood wagging his tail, evidently enjoying
the joke! Do you not think that some animals
-dogs, for instance-have a sense of the ridic-
ulous ? I do. I am sure I have seen a dog
quite amused by the sight of children indulg-
ing in merry antics.
Sai, I must tell you, was like a dog in some
respects. He was very fond of his master,
and followed him about everywhere, just as
your own favourite dog Rover or Neptune
follows you about.
His favourite post was at a window in the
sitting-room, which overlooked the whole
town. There he would perch himself on his
hind legs, his fore paws resting on the window-
ledge, and his chin laid between them; and
there he would stand for hours watching all
that was going on.
But the children were as fond of this
position as Sai was, and once finding him in
the way, they united their efforts, caught hold
of his tail, and pulled him down! He did not,
however, lose his temper.
One day he missed his master. With a


forlorn look and drooping head he wandered to
various parts of the fortress in search of him.
While he was gone the governor returned to
his private room, and seated himself at a table
to write. Presently he heard a heavy step
ascending the stairs, and raising his eyes to
the door, which he had left open, he beheld
At that moment he gave himself up for lost;
for Sai, with one tremendous leap, sprang on
his neck!
The governor thought his savage nature
had got the better of his education. But poor
Sai wanted to show his affection, not his
ferocity; and laying his head close to the
governor's, he rubbed his cheek upon his
shoulder, wi-_.'1l his tail, and by other signs
endeavoured to express his delight at seeing
his master again
I must tell you, however, that sometimes
he did frighten a little, just a little, the other
inmates of the castle; and on one occasion
the woman whose duty it was to sweep the
floors was made ill by her alarm. She was
sweeping the floor of the great hall with a


short broom, and I suppose that Sai, which
was then lying hidden under one of the sofas,
thought she meant him to have a little fun;
for he made a sudden spring upon her back,
and stood there, waving his tail in triumph !
She screamed so violently as to bring the
other servants to the scene; but they, seeing
the leopard, as they thought, in the act of
devouring her, instead of going to her assist-
ance, took to their heels, and scampered away
with all possible speed! Sai was not removed
from his position until the governor, hearing
the noise, hastened to the scene and called
him off.
Sai was very fond of perfunmes, and the
greatest treat you could give him was laven-
der-water. Was it not a singular taste for a
leopard ?
Once his master happened to pull from
his pocket a scented handkerchief, when
Sai was standing by. Sai immediately
seized it, and in his anxiety to enjoy it, re-
duced it to atoms. It was impossible to open
a bottle of perfume when he was near, such
was his fondness for it.


Twice a week his mistress indulged him by
making a cup of stiff paper, pouring into it a
little lavender-water, and giving it to him
through the bars of his kennel. He would drag
it to him with the utmost eagerness, roll him-
self over it, nor would he rest until the grate-
ful smell had entirely died away.
Such is the story of Sai, the tame leopard.
It is wonderful how much may be done with
animals by patience and kindness. Are you
ever unkind to animals? I hope not. They
are God's creatures, and should be treated
with gentleness. Yes, they are God's crea-
tures, and when we look at them,-at the
noble lion, the splendid tiger, the many-
spotted leopard,-we cannot but admire the
power and wisdom of Him who gave them life.

He gave the lion and the worm
At once their wondrous birth;
And grazing beasts of various form
Rose from the teeming earth.

Eternal Wisdom! Thee we praise;
Thee let creation sing:
With Thy great name, rocks, hills, and seas,
And heaven's high palace ring."


'HE Jaguar has his home in the New
SWorld. He is another of the giants of
the cat tribe.
His skin is covered with dark spots, some-
thing like the leopard's.
The favourite food of the jaguar is the flesh
of the monkey; but he finds it no easy task
to catch the nimble monkey.
Sometimes, however, he catches them sleep-
ing, and gets among a band of them before
they are aware.
A few strokes of his terrible paw among
the sleepers soon dashes some of them to the
ground. The jaguar then descends, to feast
at his leisure.
In the forests of South America, travellers
often hear the fierce roar of the jaguar, mingled


with the yells of the monkeys. These sounds
tell of the deadly work that is going on among
the trees.
The jaguar also feeds on other animals, and
is strong enough to kill a deer or a horse.
If any animal pursued by the jaguar should
take to the water, it makes no difference to
him. He plunges into the water after it, and
soon seizes his prey.
The jaguar is also fond of fish, and watches
for them by the river side.
As soon as a fish comes within reach, his
nimble paw strikes it, and with his sharp claws
he throws it on the land.
He catches birds too; and so quick are his
movements, that he will spring upon a bird
and strike it down before it has had time
to get beyond his reach.
He loves to lie concealed in the depths of
the forests which line the banks of the mighty
river Orinoco.
There, stretched out on one of the lower
branches of an ancient tree, he lies in wait
for a victim, so still and silent you would think
he was dead.


e 6


A thirsty deer comes down the leafy avenue,
on his way to the rolling river-tossing his
antlered head aloft in proud disdain, and trot-
ting merrily along, for he thinks not of the
danger lurking near. He approaches the tree
where the jaguar has taken up his post of
And now the jaguar's fiery eyes dilate; his
ears are thrown down; he crouches closer and
closer to the branch, so that he may not be
The deer is close at hand. See! every limb
of the jaguar thrills with excitement; every
fibre is stiffened for the spring; then, with all
the force and swiftness of a bow unbent, he
pounces upon his prey, while the forest-echoes
ring with his tremendous yell He seizes it
by the back of its neck; one blow from his
powerful paw, and with its spine broken the
unfortunate deer falls lifeless to the ground.
Then the jaguar drags away the carcass to
some secret haunt, where he devours it at
The jaguar is a bold and ready swimmer,
and in pursuit of his prey will not hesitate to
(734) 5


cross a wide, deep river. I have already told
you that he takes to the water at any moment.
In fact, he is not only fond of fish, but of
turtles; and he digs up their eggs in the sand,
and turns the turtles over on their back, as
dexterously as a regular turtle-hunter.
He wages a continual warfare against the
alligators which infest the river-banks in
South America; and if he surprises one on a
sand-bank basking in the sun, he generally
succeeds in killing it. He is, in truth, a
subtle, courageous, active beast; but he must
be very hard pressed before he will attack
The jaguar is the tiger of the New World.


HE camelopard is called the Giraffe, and
as that is a shorter name we had better
use it.
What a strange-looking animal he is! His
head is like the head of a deer, and his eyes
are very bright indeed. He has a long thin
tongue, which is of great use to him; for with
it he lays hold of the branches of the trees
and draws the leaves on which he feeds within
reach of his mouth.
He can eat grass if he likes; but it is not
easy for him to stoop his long neck to the
ground. He has to stand with his front legs
so wide apart that it gives him a very awk-
ward look.
He is rather dainty. He will only eat the
softest part of the grass; and when he is feed-


ing on a tree, if there are any
0 1ti 1,,i. -!1 it. I. \% ill -,trip
t ,l, .,t l I tII t., th i i
;- 't, T I..- *._ir.t tl'. !iv,. in thI ;
1 1 _-T i \ -*i _

; ip l:.: 1 1 1 ill *

'la tF fi t it
i- Ill l ,.,l i l t i

09U FE


He is in danger from the lion. When the
giraffe goes to a pool to drink, he often finds
the lion there before him. The lion makes a
loud roaring, and springs on his back. Then
the poor giraffe gallops away as fast as he can.
But he cannot get rid of the lion. Though
his back is so sloping, the lion holds himself
on it, and will not let go till the giraffe falls
and dies.
Besides the lion, there is the Arab. He
thinks the flesh of the giraffe nice to eat;
and he uses the pretty skin for his shield,
and his sandals, and for many other things.
For a long time no one hunted the giraffe
but Arabs. But when it was found out that
such a strange-looking creature was living
in Africa, people at home wanted to see him.
A clever hunter was sent to Africa to bring
back a giraffe alive.
The Arabs were willing to help him, and
that was a good thing. The Arabs knew
better than he did how to hunt the giraffe.
They rode on their Arab horses, that are so
swift, and that I am going to tell you about


Very soon the party of hunters came upon
a giraffe and her young one. The old giraffe
was too large and strong to be taken alive.
The Arabs wanted her flesh to eat while they
were in the desert. They killed her, and
though the little one ran away they did not
mind. They felt that they should soon find
it. They were too tired to follow it just then.
They went into their tent, and began to
cook their dinner. Their dinner was some
slices of meat from the giraffe. They asked
the hunter to eat with them, and he thought
it very nice.
Early the next morning they started again,
and soon saw the mark of the little giraffe on
the sand.
It was easy to catch the little giraffe. It
was not so strong as its mother, and could not
run so fast.
When it was caught, the Arabs were very
kind to it. They stayed in the desert for a
few days to tame it, and to make it follow
them. They gave it milk from a camel they
had brought with them, and it was soon quite
tame and willing to go where they liked.


Four giraffes were brought to England alive,
and the Arabs came with them.
The giraffes got to London early one morn-
ing. They were going to be taken to a public
garden there, for people to look at.
The Arabs led them through the streets;
and you might think they would be afraid,
for the streets of London are not at all like
the desert they had left. But they did not
seem to mind. They walked along without
giving any trouble; and when they got to the
garden they let the Arabs lead them in.
Crowds of people went to see the giraffes,
and to see the Arabs who were with them.
The giraffe is fond of sugar, or any thing
sweet. An Arab used to take a lump of
sugar in his hand, and a giraffe would follow
him about as if he were begging for it. He
would get it out of his hand with that long
thin tongue I told you about.
A lady stood looking at the giraffe getting
the sugar. Her bonnet was trimmed with
flowers and berries. The giraffe took them
for real berries. He stooped his long neck
and bit them off!


HE Zebra is the most beautiful of all the
animals of the ass tribe. Its home is
in Africa.
Its skin is smooth as velvet. Its body is
marked all over with black stripes, which ex-
tend down to the very feet.
It is found chiefly in hilly districts, which it
loves better than the plains.
It is a very timid creature, fleeing to its
mountain home as soon as it is alarmed.
Travellers say that troops of beautiful striped
zebras may often be seen in Africa, drinking
at the springs.
They go to the springs generally between
sunset and sunrise.
There they are followed by the lion, which
often steals upon them before they are aware.


TI-, i'. .in-, t tI.-, /.1.ias kn. \ I :,f
I rh.i tr. .- ,,.,:- .4" tl .-ir t-n:r il fl- ,..

[li.v li,_v i t t, t. n.l '. itH-r r t.f :>

,ti .li1 -. r i':. r .-- tl ,, i 1.: in.
-, It i -Wil ti,, liii w ill

"-"t.- t '- tII :

,I 1.. .1
"_ ,L.-* r.- l '. iI l I l, i.. tl :: ti _,ll Z 'h i _

l_ t. w t 1ii t.,- tl.,v l 11l

t t -a v'.

SB A. .



SN the days of old, when the Norman kings
- sat upon the throne, there were great
gloomy forests in England. The trees grew
densely, and met overhead.
Here the Stag used to run wild. And the
kings were so fond of hunting, that they did
not wish the trees to be cut down, or the land
to be sown with corn. They liked better to
ride with their men through the glades and
deep dells, looking for the deer. And because
they thought the forests were not large enough,
they caused villages to be burned down and land
laid waste, to make more room for the deer !
Those days are gone by. The forests have
long ago been cut down, and the land is made
to yield crops of grass and corn. There are
but few places left where the stag runs wild.


In England, he lives in the grounds or park
of some rich man.
When he is hunted, he is driven out of the
park into the open country. The hunters and
the dogs ride after him in full cry. But they
do not mean to kill him. When the dogs
come up to him, they take hold of him with-
out hurting him. They have been taught to
do so. For the stag will be taken back into
the park, and perhaps hunted a second time.
But in Scotland, where the stag runs wild,
he meets with a much worse fate.
He is driven out of his native thicket by
the cry of the hounds. He is fleet almost as
the wind, and soon leaves them behind. Then
he stops and listens. There is no sound
either of the dogs or of the men. He is too
far off to hear them. He soon forgets the
danger he has been in, and thinks himself
But again he hears the sound of the
hunters. They have found him out, and are
coming in the distance. Off he runs at full
speed. But he stops sooner than he did


" ,,, i '- t \',- -. H .- i ._' ttin,

H'-- i'~ t. ,i rn I' l iiirt r -*" Ii ; i

.A t .li .t,, T ,. i.,.-h tr t .-.i,. .,
Ii,,t FIH. tt. t ..

.-K ,-, .- .-. $



down. He turns and faces the dogs, and
strikes at them with his horns. He is then
said to stand at bay."
In these days, when people are so fond of
guns, they go out to shoot at the stag on the
hills and moors of Scotland. This is called
The hunter has to climb the mountains, and
run stooping along, for fear the herd should
see him. He will lie hidden behind some
rock or stone for hours at a time, watching for
a pair of horns moving among the ferns.
Then he will creep as near to the stag as he
can, and fire his gun. If the stag is not
killed he will gallop away, and the dogs after
Once a year the great spreading horns of
the stag drop off. For a little while he is
without any horns at all. Then he hides
himself in the thickets, and never comes out
except at night. But in ten days the new
horns begin to grow; and in three months'
time they are as handsome as they were
The little fawn lives in the deepest part of


the thicket, and keeps close by the side of its
mother. The mother is called a hind. She
is a very timid creature, and will run away
at the rustling of a leaf. But when her
fawn is in danger, she becomes bold in its
defence. If she hear the cry of the hunters,
she will run before them, and lead them
away from the place where her little one lies


--~-''-^i-^ ^<-*- --

SIHE Antelope is like the stag, to look at;
- but his horns are not of the same shape,
and they do not fall off.
He lives in hot countries, and bounds
through the forest so fast that no one can
catch him. The hunter must use cunning, if
he hopes to take him.
In India people go out and hunt the ante-
lopes. But they do not try to run them down,
for neither horse nor dogs could come near
them. They take with them the hunting
leopard, and make use of him to catch the prey.
The hunting leopard is very handsome,
with a spotted skin as soft as velvet. But he
is very fierce and very sly. He can glide
along the ground like a cat, and get near to
the antelope without being seen.


He is brought to the place in a cart drawn
by bullocks, and three or four men are with
him, to take charge of him.
They have put a bandage over his eyes, to
prevent him from seeing. And he is tied to
the cart by a strap, so that he cannot jump
out till the hunters let him.
A herd of antelopes is feeding on the hill-
side yonder. They are not near enough to
see the cart with the hunters;-and the
hunters know better than to try to go any
They take off the bandage from the eyes of
the leopard, and point to the herd of ante-
lopes. Then they untie the strap and let him
The leopard drops to the ground as a cat
might do, without making the least sound.
He goes stealing along, crouching as he goes,
and hiding himself among the bushes. He
comes at last very near the antelopes. Then
he springs, as a cat would upon a mouse. He
springs on one of the antelopes, and knocks it
down. The rest of the herd take fright, and
are out of sight in a moment.


: .

,.. -l,_I '

Ja.; so.


The hunter comes up as soon as he can, and
takes the antelope away. He gives a piece of
meat to the leopard, to get him back to the
cart, and then he drives off again.
In Africa there is an antelope that not only
runs very fast, but gives great leaps, one after
the other.
The farmer is very sorry when he sees a
herd of these leaping antelopes come down
upon his fields. They are like a swarm of
locusts, and eat up every blade of grass.
The farmer does not try to drive them away.
They are too many for him. He takes his
flock somewhere else to feed, till the antelopes
are gone.
It is the want of water that has made them
They live in the plains and deserts, and
drink at the pools that are found there. The
water in the pools has not a nice taste, but
the antelopes seem to like it. If there comes
no rain for a long time, the pools are dried up.
Then the antelopes have nothing to drink, and
they come swarming down to the pastures to
look for water.


They are too swift to be caught. The only
chance for the hunter is to find them asleep in
the heat of the day. He rides about with his
gun, hoping to come upon an antelope taking
a nap behind a bush. If he sees one, he stops
and fires at it. The antelope is wounded, and
cannot run so fast; and then the dogs have a
chance of catching it.
The antelope is spoken of in the Bible. It
is there called the roe. A man who could run
more swiftly than any of his fellows, was said
to be "like the roe upon the mountains."
And no doubt in those days it used to be
hunted; for in one place in the Bible there is
a text which speaks of the chased roe."


E AVE you ever seen a white bear? He
Q(- does not live in England. If you look
in the map, you will see the North Pole
marked. In the country round the North
Pole the white bear lives, and that is why he
is called the Polar Bear.
It is very cold where the white bear lives.
The ground is covered with snow and the sea
is blocked up with ice.
The bear does not mind the cold. He has
a warm fur coat on. God has given it to him,
so that he cannot feel the frost.
You and I could not walk upon the ice as
he does. But the soles of his feet have long
hairs growing on them; so that he treads as
safely as if he had a pair of fur boots on.
The bear lives near the sea-coast, for he


knows how to swim. He likes the water as
well as the land. And in the water he can
find plenty to eat.
You would not think it a pleasant sea to
swim in. In the winter it is quite frozen
over, and is as hard as iron. In the summer
the ice does not go away. It floats about in
great blocks.
The bear is very fond of catching a seal for
his dinner. The seal lives in the water, and
has a funny round head, and a fish-like tail.
Now and then the seal pops up its head and
looks about. Sometimes it will come out
of the water, and drag itself a little way; for
it hardly knows how to walk. And then it
will lie down on the ice, and go to sleep.
But if any noise waken it, up it jumps and
dives down into the water. And the water is
the safest place for it. Now the bear, when
he wants his dinner, begins to look about for
a seal. He prowls over the ice, smelling as
he goes, until he gets to a place where there
is a hole. Here he stops. He knows that
this is a likely place for a seal to pop up its
head. He has only to wait and have patience.

- ---. -- j-i5F-- -'- -- ,- ,-',q,',4. .- "_ .
-- -


Page 89.


Sometimes he has not long to wait. Up
will come the round head of a seal. And this
is just what the bear wants. He drags the
poor seal out of the water, tears it to pieces,
and eats it.
But the bear does not always get his dinner
so quickly. The seal is a very cunning crea-
ture, and is not always caught. Then the
bear gets tired of waiting. He will jump into
the water, and swim about looking for some-
thing to eat. Nothing comes amiss to him.
A bit of dead whale he thinks a great treat.
He swims a long way from home, and is glad
to get upon a block of ice and rest himself.
From one block of ice he goes to another.
There is no knowing where he may not travel
to. If he reaches the shore of some far off
country, he is sure to get into trouble. The
people who live there are not at all glad to
see him. They will come down to the shore
and kill him.
I must tell you how the mother bear manages
to spend the winter. She lies down in some
ice-cave, or else she scratches a hole in the
snow and gets into it. There she sleeps till


the spring. When she comes out again she is
very thin, and very hungry.
She sometimes has two little cubs, no bigger
than two little rabbits. She is a very good
mother to her cubs. When she has caught a
seal, she will divide it between them, and
hardly keep a bit for herself. And if her little
ones get killed, the poor mother will perhaps lie
down and die of grief.



Nature's Wonders. Pictures of Remarkable Scenes in Foreign
Lands. With Coloured Frontispiece and numerous Engravings.
Royal 18mo, cloth. Price ls.
An admirable book for the school library or a school reward. The in-
formation given is full of interest, and of just the kind to make an intelli-
gent ladanxious to pursue the study further.
Wonders of Creation.--VoLCANOES AND THEIR PHENOMExA.
With Coloured Frontispiece and numerous Engravings. Royal
18mo, cloth. Price is.
The descriptions of the facts and phenomena connected with volcanic
agency are brought within the comprehension of young minds.
Wonders of the Vegetable World. With Coloured Fron-
tispiece and numerous Engravings. Royal 18mo, cloth. Price Is.
Scenes of Wonder in Many Lands. Being Descriptions of
Rapids, Cascades, Waterfalls, etc. With Coloured Frontispiece
and numerous Engravings. Royal 18mo, cloth. Price Is.
The natural wonders here described possess imposing or striking features,
which cannot fail to make them of interest to the young reader.
Life and Travel in Tartary, Thibet, and China. Being
a Narrative of the Abb6 Hue's Travels in the Far East. By M.
JONEs. With Coloured Frontispiece and numerous Engravings.
Royal 18mo, cloth. Price ls.
The information is varied and full of lively incidents.
The Wars of the Cross; or, The History of the Crusades.
By the Author of The Mediterranean Illustrated," The Arctic
World Illustrated." With 38 Illustrations. Royal 18mo, cloth.
Price Is. Gd.


Bible Stories for Little Folks. By M. JONES. With numer-
ous Illustrations. Foolscap 8vo, cloth.
Pictures and Stories of Natural History-WILD ANIMALS.
With 11 Illustrations. 18mo. Illuminated Boards.
Pictures and Stories of Natural History-DoMTESTIC ANI-
MALS. With 15 Illustrations. 18mo. Illuminated Boards.
The Birds We See; And the Story of their Lives. By M.. K.M.,
Author of Leaves from Nature's Book," etc. With 10 Illustra-
tions. 18mo. Illuminated Boards.



Large Foolscap 8vo, cloth extra. Price Is. 6d.

Tempered Steel; or, Tried in the Fire. By the Rev. E. N.
IIOARE, M.A. An animated story of the trials which beset boys on their
way to manhood."--Courant.

Heroism in Humble Life; or, The Story of Ben Pritchard and
Charlie Campion. By the Rev E. N HOAE, M.A. "An admirably
written temperance tale... .A well-told story "-Times (lWeekly Edition)
Little Lily's Travels through France to Geneva. With
numerous Engravings. A suitable present for young girls.
Willie's Choice; or, All is not Gold that Glitters. By M. A.
PAULL. A capital boys' story."--Elcational Times.
The Basket of Flowers. A Tale for the Young. With
numerous Engravings. A new edition of a favorite story.
Story of the Beacon Fire; or, Trust in God and Do the
Right. By NAOMI. "Well, and indeed powerfully, written."-Scotsmean.
Young people will read it with absorbing delight."-Sworrd and Trowel.

Aunt Martha's Corner Cupboard. A Story for Little Boys
and Girls. By M. and E. KIRBY. With numerous Engravings.
Breakers Ahead; or, Stories of Great Shipwrecks of Recent
Times. By Mrs. SAXBY. "A delightful volume for lads."-Scotsman.
The Story of Miss Dollikins. By Mrs. GEORGE CUPPLES.
With 50 Engravings. A nursery volume for the little ones.

Fables Illustrated by Stories from Real Life. By Mrs.
GEOR(GE CUPPLES. With 36 Engravings.


Under the Old Oaks; or, Won by Love.
Little Snowdrop and Her Golden Casket.
Little Hazel, the King's Messenger.
The Crown of Glory; or, Faithful unto Death." A Scottish
Story of Martyr Times.


Eighteenpenny Books by Favourite Authors.

By the Author of "Copsley Annals."
Father's Coming Home. A Tale. Royal 18mo.
The Power of Perseverance; or, The Story of Reuben Inch.
With Coloured Frontispiece and 20 Illustrations. Royal 18mo.
Under the Microscope; or, Thou shalt call Me My Father."
With Coloured Frontispiece and 17 Engravings. Royal 18mo.

By the Author of Hope On."
Illustrations and Coloured Frontiqpieces. Royal 18ino.
The Boy Artist; or, The Reward of Perseverance. A Tale.
Brother Reginald's Golden Secret
The Fisherman's Children; or, The Sunbeam of Hardrick Cove.
King Jack of Haylands. A Tale of School Life.
Little Aggie's Fresh Snowdrops, and what They did in
One Day.
Susy's Flowers; or, "Blessed are the Merciful, for they shall
obtain Mercy."
By the Author of "Little Hazel."
The Crown of Glory; or, Faithful unto Death." A Scottish
Story of Martyr Times. Post 8vo.
The Guiding Pillar. A Story of Humble Faith. Foolscap 8vo.
Little Hazel, the King's Messenger. Post 8vo.
Little Snowdrop and her Golden Casket. Post 8vo.
Under the Old Oaks; or, Won by Love. Post 8vo.

The Adventures of Mark Willis. 45 Engravings. Royal 18mo.
Grandpapa's Keepsakes; or, Take Heed will Surely Speed.
With Coloured Frontispiece and Vignette, and 45 Engravings.
Royal 18mo.
Mamma's Stories about Domestic Pets. With numerous
Engravings. Royal 18mo.
Talks with Uncle Richard about Wild Animals. With
numerous Engravings. Royal 18mo.


Books for the Little Ones.

Happy Little Children. Their Sayings and Doings. By A.S. L.
With 17 Engravings. Post 8vo, cloth. Price ls. 6d.
Johnny. By Mrs. H. C. KNIGHT, Author of "Jane Taylor:
Her Life and Writings," etc. With Coloured Frontispiece.
Royal 18mo, cloth. Price ls.
The Story of Miss Dollikins. By Mrs. GEORGE CUPPLES.
With 50 Engravings. Large fcap. 8vo, cloth extra. Price Is. 6d.

History of Good Dog Fanny and Tuft the Canary.
With other Stories, all True. By Mrs. GASKELL. With Coloured
Frontispiece. Royal 18mo, cloth. Price is. Gd.

Snowdrop; or, The Memoirs of a White Rabbit. Written by
Himself. From the French of Madame MATHILDE5 SANDRAS.
With 20 Illustrations. Royal 18mo, cloth. Price Is. 6d.
This is the autobiography of a white rabbit, happy in being possessed and
petted by an excellent and humane family. The story introduces pleasing
descriptions of the children of this family, and of their good and bad

The Cockatoo's Story. By Mrs. GEORGE CUPPLES. With
Coloured Frontispiece and 12 Engravings. Royal 18io, cloth.
Price Is.

Original Poems for Infant Minds. By ANN and JANE
TAYLOR. With Coloured Frontispiece. Royal 18mo, cloth.
Price is.

Hymns for Infant Minds, and Original Hymns for Sunday
Schools. By ANN and JANE TAYLOR. With Coloured Frontis-
piece. Royal 18mo, cloth. Price ls.
Lessons on the Life of Christ for the Little Ones at
Home. By the Author of Hymns from the Land of Luther."
With Coloured Frontispiece and 30 Engravings. Royal 18mo,
cloth. Price Is. 6d.
In conversation between a mother and her young children.

Book of Poetry for the Young. Post 8vo, cloth. 384 pages.
Price Is. Gd.
The volume contains two hundred and sixty-five distinct poems, arranged
in the following divisions:-Historical, Descriptive, and Narrative, Nature,
Miscellaneous Hymns, and Sacred Pieces.


Shilling Reward Books.

Foolscap 8uo.
THE SEARCH FOR FRANKLIN. With Engravings from Designs by
the Artist of the Expedition.
Our boys cannot do better than read this narrative; it will nerve them,
we trust, to deeds of high moral daring."--Sunshine.
THE ROCKET; or, The Story of the Stephensons, Father and Son.
By H. C. KNIGHT. Illustrated.
A capital little biography of a life all boys should be familiar with."-
S. S. Chronicle.
The edition before us contains an additional chapter, in which the
author speaks of the recent Stephenson centenary, and the development of
the great work originated by the man who was once a poor lad."-Practical
NO GAINS WITHOUT PAINS; or, The Story of Samuel Budgett, the
Successful Merchant. By H. C. KNIGHT.
TRUTH AND ITS TRIUMPH; or, The Story of the Jewish Twins. By
Mrs. SARAH S. BAKEnI, Author of The Children on the Plains."
A pretty domestic story.
Author of Daddy Dick."
Royal 18mo. With Coloured Frontispieces,
LAURA'S IMPULSES; or, P-inciple a Safer Guide than Feeling.
It is a good book throughout."-Christian Aie.
LITTLE CROSSES; or, Let Patience have her Perfect Work."
THE HARRINGTON GIRLS; or, Faith and Patience. By SOPHY
"A smart tale such as girls will like."-S. S. Chrovicle.

With Illustrations and Coloured Frontispieces.
IT'S HIS WAY, and other Stories.
THE TWO WATCHES, and other Stories.

HOPE ON; or, The HRuse that Jack Built.
MARTHA'S HOME; and how the Sunshine came into It.



12mo, cloth.
Getting and Giving; or, It is More Blessed to Give than to Receive. By the
Author of "The Story of the Beacon Fire."
A Story of Trust; and, Blessed are the Merciful.
Without and Within, and Other Stories.
Bible Stories for Little Folks.
Pictures and Stories of Natural History-WILD ANIMALS. With 11 Illus-
Pictures and Stories of Natural History-DOMESTIC ANIMALS. With 15
The Birds We See; and The Story of Their Lives. By M. K. M., Author of
Leaves from Nature's Book," etc. With 10 Illustrations.
Walter and His Nurse. By Mrs. GEORGE SUMNER. With Frontispiece.

Each with Coloured F'routispiece and numerous Engrarings. 12mo, cloth.
Price Od. each.
The Three Little Kittens. The Butterfly's Ball.
Me-a-ow; or, Good Advice to Cats Life of a Ship.
and Kittens. Mister Fox.
The Robber Kitten. Chit Chat by a Penitent Cat.
Seven pretty volumes for the amusement of the little ones.

Each with Coloured Frontispiece and numerous Engravings. 18Imo, cloth.
Price 9d. each.
Who was the First Architect? I Who were the First Miners?
Who was the First Paper-maker? Who were the First Builders ?
Who were the First Weavers ?
A series of entertaining and instructive books.

Each with Coloured Frontispiece, Illluninated Side, and numerous Engravings.
18mo, cloth. Price 9d. each.
Bertha Marchmont. Hugh Wellwood's Success.
Bluff Crag; or, A Good Word Costs Alice Leighton.
Nothing. Carry's Rose; or, The Magic of
Little May and Her Friend Con- Kindness.
science. Fanny Silvester.
Bright, cheerful stories, each having some good moral lesson for its object.


rl i ?