Coloured Bible for the young

Material Information

Coloured Bible for the young
Uniform Title:
Muir, James ( Printer, Engraver )
George Routledge and Sons ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
George Routledge and Sons
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
256 p. : col. ill. ; 18 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Bible stories, English ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1884
novel ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )


General Note:
Title page printed in colors and text in single lined red border.
General Note:
Baldwin Library copy 2 has a variant cover made of wood.
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
Statement of Responsibility:
with one hundred and twenty-five illustrations.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
026592305 ( ALEPH )
ALG2440 ( NOTIS )
24198331 ( OCLC )

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The Creation-The First Man and Woman
-Abel killed by Cain-The Deluge-
The Calling of Abraham-The Birth
Sof Isaac.

N the beginning God made all things, and
on the sixth day He looked upon what
SH e h a d m a d e ; a n d H e w a s w e ll p le a s e d
with it. And He rested on the seventh
day, and made it holy.
God formed man from the dust of
the ground, in His own image, and breathed into his nostrils
the breath of life. And God spoke kindly to Adam (" The
Man"), and told him that he should have power over every
living thing on the earth, the birds in the air, and the fish
in the sea. The fruit on the trees and bushes was to be


his food, and he was placed within the beautiful garden of
Eden, to dress it and to keep it. A river passed through
the garden to water it. And Adam was to eat of every tree
in it, except the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.
If he ate of this tree, he would surely die. And God saw
it was not good for man to be alone, so He made Eve out
of a bone from Adam's side, and gave her to him to be a
wife or helpmeet. And all the animals which God had
created came to Adam, and he gave them their names.
Although everything was so beautiful, and although
Adam and Eve were good, and perfectly happy, the devil
came in the form of a serpent, and told Eve that there
would be no harm in tasting the fruit upon the forbidden
tree. And she looked at it, and believed the serpent; and
stretching forth her hand, she plucked the fruit, and ate it,
and also gave to her husband. As soon as they had eaten
of the forbidden fruit they knew that they were naked, and
went and hid themselves. Then God asked them why they
had done this; and they were both afraid. And Adam laid
the blame upon his wife, and she blamed the serpent. But
God was displeased with them both, and cast them out of
the beautiful garden, and cursed the ground for their sake;
and He told them they would have to work hard for their
bread, and after this their bodies were to die, and return to
the dust. But God promised that He would afterwards send
a Saviour, who would save them and their descendants from
the guilt of their sin, if they would believe upon Him.
And God gave Adam and Eve two sons after they were
driven out of the garden. The name of the elder was

J I 'lt-s. r i -


Cain, and of the younger Abel. Cain worked as a farmer
or gardener, but Abel was a shepherd. And one day they
offered up a sacrifice to God: Cain's offering was the fruits
of the ground, that of Abel was a little lamb. Now Abel
was sorry for his sins, and God heard and pardoned him;
But Cain continued hard and stubborn. And Abel's
sacrifice was
accepted by
God, but
Cain's was
not. This
made Cain ,
very angry.
And God cl
asked hi n_
why he was
angry; if he CAIN AND ABEL.
did right He would be pleased with him, if he did not do
right it was his own fault.
This made Cain envious of Abel, and one day he rose up
against him in the field and slew him. And God called
him, and asked where his brother was. Cain said he did
not know; was he his brother's keeper? And because
Cain had done this God set a mark upon him so that
every one would know him, and sentenced him to be a
fugitive and a wanderer for the rest of his days. Then Cain
built a city in the land of Nod, to the east of Eden, and
amongst his descendants were Jabal, Jubal, and Tubal-cain.
Jabal taught people to dwell in tents and keep cattle


Jubal taught the art of music; and Tubal-cain was skilful
in making articles out of brass and iron.
Enoch, a descendant of Seth, another son of Adam, was
a very good man, who passed from earth to heaven without
dying. He "walked with God, and he was not, for God
took him." His son Methuselah lived longer than any man
either before or since; he was nine hundred and sixty-nine
years old when he died.
Many years afterwards the people began to increase upon
the earth. And they were very wicked, and did what
pleased themselves, and never thought about pleasing God;
so He determined to punish them. He said His Spirit
would not always strive with man, but that after a hundred
and twenty years man would be destroyed.
And God spoke to a good man called Noah, the grandson
of Methuselah, and commanded him to build an ark, a large
house that might float upon the waters. And Noah did so;
but it took him about a hundred years to build it, and all the
people that passed by mocked him, and said what a fool he
was to take so much trouble in building such a large floating
house. But Noah knew better, and believed God. And
one day God told him to go inside the ark with all his
family, and to take some of all kinds of birds and beasts
with him. And Noah and his family and all the animals
entered the ark, and God shut them in.
As soon as Noah and his family were inside the ark it
began to rain, and it rained for forty days and forty nights.
And everything outside the ark was covered with water, so
that even those who went to the tops of the highest hills


were drowned. Everybody and every living thing that was
left outside the ark perished in that great flood.
After forty days Noah opened a window in the ark and let
a raven fly out, in order to see if there was any dry ground;
but the raven returned, having found no place to rest
upon. Then he sent forth a dove, but she also returned;
then he sent forth the dove again, and she went away for a
whole day, but in the evening she returned with an olive
leaf in her mouth. Then Noah knew that the waters were
abating. The next time the dove was sent out she did not
return. God did not forget Noah, and after His time:was
accomplished the ark rested on Mount Ararat. Every-
thing in it went out there. And Noah was thankful for his
deliverance, and he built an altar and offered a sacrifice to
the Lord. And God set a beautiful rainbow in the sky, to
show that He would never again cover the earth with water
in that way. Noah lived for three hundred and fifty years
after the flood, and was nine hundred and fifty years old
when he died.
But it was not long before the people again forgot all
about God, and their minds were filled with their own vain
imaginations. As they journeyed from the east they came
to a plain in the land of Shinar: and they said one to
another, "Come let us build a tower that shall reach up to
heaven !" And they began to build a large tower of brick.
But God saw their work and the wicked thoughts in their
hearts, and was angry because of the building of this tower.
They built it, very likely, to escape from any flood which
might come again upon the earth, although God had said



to Noah that there would never be such a flood again.
_r- Now at that time the people
all spoke one language. So
_- ---- God made all those who were
working at the tower each to
S speak a different language; and
as they could not understand
one another they had to stop
the building. So this tower
Swas called the Tower of Babel,
because Babel means confu-
sion. This Babel, or Babylon,
as it was afterwards called, was
the beginning of Nimrod's
kingdom in the plain of
Shinar. When the people
were scattered by the confu-
sion of tongues we read that
Asshur went forth and built
"Many years after these
things happened there lived
in the land of Ur of the
Chaldees a man called Abram,
a son of Terah, a descendant
of Shem, one of Noah's sons.
He feared God, and because
ANIMALS ENTERING THE ARK. the people round about him
worshipped idols, God told him to go up into a country


which He would show him, promising to bless him, and
make of him a great nation. And Abram believed God,
and departed with his wife Sarai, and Lot, his brother's
son. And they came to Shechem in Canaan, where God
spoke to him and told him that He would give all the
land to his descendants. When a famine arose in the
land Abram had to go down to Egypt to get food;
and at another time, his flocks and herds had increased
so much that he had to part from Lot. And Lot,
being selfish, chose the plain of Jordan because it was
rich and well watered. But Lot was not long there,
among the wicked people of Sodom, before he fell into
trouble. Four kings with an army came up against
Sodom and took it, and Lot and his family were amongst
the captives. But Abram came and rescued Lot from
these kings, and took back all the spoil which they had
carried off with them. And as Abram was returning he
was met by Melchizedek, king of Salem and a minister of
God, who blessed him, and thanked God for giving him the
After this God talked with Abram. He promised him
that he would have a son, and that his descendants would
be like the stars for number, but that they would be
strangers in a strange land, and the servants, and be ill-
treated for a season. After four hundred years they would
come out of that land with great wealth. And God
changed Abram's name to Abraham, which signifies the
father of many nations; and Sarai's was changed to Sarah,
which means princess.


One day Abraham was seated at his tent door, in the
heat of the day, when he saw three men standing near
him. And he ran and bowed down before them, as is the
custom in the East, and asked them to rest under a tree.
Now two of these men were angels, and one of them was
the Lord, although Abraham knew not this at the time.
And Abraham was very kind to them, and entertained them
with the best food he had; and after that they went together
towards the city of Sodom.
It was now revealed to Abraham that the cities of Sodom
and Gomorrah in the plain of Jordan were to be destroyed
because they were so wicked. Abraham pleaded with God
that if there were found a certain number of righteous men
in Sodom He would not destroy it. But there were not
even ten righteous people found there. And Abraham was
sorry when he heard this, because Lot dwelt in Sodom.
But God sent two angels to warn Lot of what was coming;
and Lot told some of his friends of the great destruction
impending; but they would not believe it, and only laughed
at him. And the two angels hurried Lot and his wife and
his two daughters out of the doomed city, and told them
to depart quickly, and not look behind, else they would
perish with it. And Lot fled to a city called Zoar; but on
the way thither his wife looked back, and because of her
disobedience she at once became a pillar of salt. And the
Lord rained fire and brimstone down upon Sodom and
Gomorrah, and they were destroyed, and only Lot and his
daughters were saved alive.
When Abraham was about a hundred years old. God


I:y~4 k

--,- ______________


remembered His promise, and a son was born to him,
whom he called Isaac. When Isaac grew up, young
Ishmael, the son of Hagar, who lived in the tents with
them, mocked at Isaac, and Abraham was obliged to send
away Hagar and Ishmael. He gave them some bread and
water for the journey; but after Hagar had been some time
in the wilderness, the water was exhausted, and poor
Ishmael was like to die. And Hagar wept bitterly; but
God heard her cry, and showed her a well of water, and
their lives were saved. As Ishmael grew up he became
expert in the use of the
bow and arrow, and be-
came the father of the
Wandering tribes of the
E, astern desert.
And one day God spoke
to Abraham, and asked
him to do a
very hard and
i bitter thing,
that He
might see
if he


trusted Him with all his heart. He commanded Abraham
to take his only and beloved son Isaac, and go into the
land of Moriah, and offer him as a sacrifice upon an altar,

Ill I Ill


So Abraham started early one morning, and saddled his
ass, and took Isaac, and two young men who were his
servants, and wood ready to lay upon the altar. On the
third day he came to the place; and Abraham and Isaac
went up to the mountain-top alone, and Isaac said, My
father, behold the fire and the wood, but where is the
lamb for a burnt-offering?" Abraham replied, "My son,
God will provide Himself a lamb for a burnt-offering."
And Abraham built an altar and laid the wood upon it.
And then he bound Isaac, and laid him upon the wood,
and took his knife to slay his son. But the Angel of the
Lord stayed his hand; and looking round Abraham saw a
ram caught fast in the bushes by the horns : and he offered
up the ram instead of Isaac.
God was now well pleased with Abraham because of his
obedience and faith, as shown by his willingness to offer up
his son, and he received the promise of great blessings.
His descendants were to be like the sand on the sea-shore
for multitude; and all nations of the earth were to be
blessed in them, because the Saviour who had been
promised was to be born amongst them.

[ ,_. _


The Marriage of Isaac-Esau and Jacob-Joseph sold
into Egypt-He becomes Ruler there-The Children
of Israel go down to Egypt-The Death of Joseph.

HEN Isaac grew up, Abraham wished him
to take a wife, but not one of the women
of the country, because they were idol-
"aters. So he sent his faithful servant
to some of his own kindred, with ten
camels and many beautiful presents.
And when the servant came near to a city in the country
to which he was sent, he brought his camels to a well, and
prayed that God would show kindness to his master, and
that the woman who gave him water to drink out of her
pitcher when he asked it might be the wife of Isaac.
And a beautiful young woman, named Rebekah, came
down to draw water with her pitcher, and the servant ran
and asked for some water for himself and the camels. And
she behaved kindly towards him, and drew water for him;
and the servant knew at once that this was the woman that
God had chosen to be Isaac's wife. And after Abraham's



servant had given her some presents, he heard that she
was a relation of his master's; and Laban, her brother,
came out to meet him, and entertained him. Then the
servant delivered his message, and told them of Abraham's
wealth in camels, and oxen, and sheep, and how he wished
a wife for his son. And Rebekah's friends saw that God
had guided Abraham's servant thither; and the next day
he started on his homeward journey, with Rebekah and
her maid on the camels beside him. When they reached
the land of Canaan it was towards evening, and Isaac, who
had gone out to the fields to meditate, met them. And
Rebekah went home with him, and became his wife, and he
loved her very much.
And when Abraham was one hundred and seventy-five
years old he died; and they buried him beside Sarah, in the
field which he had bought from Ephron the Hittite.
And God gave Isaac two sons; the name of the eldest
was Esau, and that of the youngest Jacob. Esau was a
great hunter, and often brought home deer, and made food
that his father loved. Jacob was a plain shepherd, living in
a tent. One day Esau came in from the fields faint with
hunger, and he saw Jacob cooking a mess of pottage, and he
asked for some. Now Jacob was very mean, and he asked
Esau for his birthright, or all that he was entitled to as the
eldest son, in exchange for the pottage. And Esau con-
sented to the exchange, and thus despised his birthright.
And a great famine arose in the land of Canaan, which
caused Isaac to remove with his family and his flocks and
herds to the land of Gerar. And God prospered him there,


and he became very wealthy, and had great flocks of sheep,
cattle, and many servants. And Isaac dug again the wells of
his father Abraham which had been stopped up. And God
appeared to him at Beersheba, and promised to bless him.
When Isaac grew old and could not see, he sent Esau
out to the field, to bring home the kind of flesh that he
loved, because he purposed
Sto give Esau his blessing
I before he died. But Re-
Sbekah heard this; and as
she loved Jacob best, she
disguised him with skins, to
make him hairy like Esau,
so that Isaac would not
know it was Jacob. And
she gave him the flesh of a
kid that had been newly
killed, and sent him to get the bless-
ing from his father. And Isaac
blessed Jacob with the first and
best blessing, as the elder son, and
prayed that God would bless him
with the good things of the earth,
and that he might become great,
and that other nations might bow
JACOB BLESSED BY ISAAC. down to him. When Esau came
home, and found out what his brother had done, he cried
out with a loud voice for his father to bless him also. And
Isaac blessed him also, but not with the same great blessing


as Jacob. And Esau hated Jacob for this, and purposed
in his heart to kill him when he had an opportunity.
And Rebekah warned Jacob of his brother Esau's
intention to kill him; so Jacob went to Padan-aram, where
his uncle Laban lived. When on his journey he lighted
upon a certain place, where he tarried all night, and lay
down with stones for his pillow. And as he slept he
dreamed that he saw a ladder set up on the earth, the
top of which reached to heaven, and behold, the angels of
God ascending and descending upon it. And above it
stood the Lord, who made him the gracious promise that
He would keep him in all the way he had to go, and give
him the land wherein he was to himself and his children
for a possession. In the morning Jacob took his stone
pillow and poured oil upon the top of it, and called the
place Bethel, which means the house of God. And he
vowed that if God would be with him and keep him, the
Lord should be his God.
And Jacob went on his journey until he came to Haran,
where his uncle Laban lived. And near a well in a field
he met Rachel, the daughter of Laban, to whom he made
himself known, and assisted her in watering her sheep.
Laban welcomed Jacob, and made an agreement with him,
whereby if he served him seven years he would have his
younger daughter Rachel, whom Jacob loved, to be his wife.
But at the end of seven years, when Jacob claimed Rachel
as his wife, the crafty Laban gave him her sister Leah
instead, whom he did not love, and said he must serve him
other seven years for Rachel. And Jacob, for the love he


bore to Rachel, consented to serve other seven years for
Then Jacob returned to the land of Canaan, having
now eleven sons and one daughter, and a great many sheep
and cattle, for God had fulfilled His promise and blessed
him. On the journey, at a certain place the Lord wrestled
with him for a whole night, and gave him a new name.
Instead of Jacob he was to be called Israel, which means
A Prince of God." And he called the place Peniel, which
means the face of God," because he had seen God face to
face. On the journey he also met his brother Esau, and
they were reconciled to one another. But his wife Rachel
died by the way, when his youngest son Benjamin was
born. Soon after Jacob's return to Canaan his father Isaac
also died. And as the land was not able to support him
and Esau, to whom he was now reconciled, because of the
multitude of their sheep and cattle, they parted company,
and Esau dwelt in Mount Seir.
Of all his twelve sons Jacob loved Joseph best, and he
made him a coat of many colours. When Joseph was about
seventeen years of age, he had a strange dream, which he
told to his brothers. He thought in his dream that they
were all binding sheaves in the field, when his sheaf arose
and stood upright, and all his brothers' sheaves stood up and
bowed down to it. This caused his brothers to be very
envious and jealous of him. Joseph dreamed again that
the sun, the moon, and eleven stars bowed down to him.
All this seemed as if they, his elder brethren, who were
older and wiser than him, were to bow down and serve him.

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While his brethren were feeding their flocks at Shechem
Joseph was sent by his father from Hebron to see as to
their welfare, and to bring him word. He found them at
Dothan, about twelve miles from Shechem. When his
brethren saw him afar off they made a plot against him
to kill him. They could not bear his dreams, his reproofs,
his airs of superiority, as. they deemed them, any longer.
They thought they had now a good opportunity to kill him,
cast his body into a pit, and then report that some evil
beast had devoured him. Reuben, his eldest brother, was
a little less heartless than the rest, and begged that they
would not kill him, but leave him in a pit in the wilder-
ness. So they stripped him of his coat of many colours,
and cast him into a pit, where he might have perished; but
a band of merchants, Ishmaelites and Midianites, bound
for the land of Egypt, coming that way, his brethren sold
him to them as a slave for twenty pieces of silver. When
Reuben, who did not know of this, came to the pit and
found his brother Joseph gone, he was in great distress, and
wondered what he should say to his father on his return.
So these wicked brethren killed a kid, dipped Joseph's coat
in the blood, and taking it to their father, made him believe
that some evil beast had devoured him. Jacob mourned
long and bitterly for his son, and said, I will go down into
the grave unto my son mourning."
Meanwhile Joseph was sold by the Ishmaelites as a slave
to Potiphar, an officer of King Pharaoh, captain of his
guard, who finding him honest and diligent, trusted
him, and promoted him in his service. But the wife of


Potiphar was not a good woman, and made her husband
believe that he had a bad servant, and bore false witness
against him. So Joseph was sent to prison because of what
this woman said against him. In prison he was kindly
treated by the jailor, and interpreted the dreams of two
of the king's servants, the chief butler and the chief baker,
who were also in prison. The interpretation of the dreams
which God gave to Joseph came exactly true: as Joseph
foretold, the chief baker was hanged by Pharaoh within
three days, but the chief butler was again restored to favour.
King Pharaoh had also strange dreams, which none of
all the wise men in his kingdom could interpret. Then
the chief butler, who had previously forgotten all about
Joseph, remembered that the young Hebrew in prison had
interpreted his dream correctly. So he told Pharaoh about
him, and the king then sent for Joseph, and told one of
his dreams to him. He thought that he was standing
on the bank of the river Nile, when seven fat kine came
up out of the water, and fed in a meadow. After them
came seven lean kine, which swallowed up the fat ones, with-
out making them look any better. His other dream was
of seven good and full ears of corn growing on one stalk,
which were swallowed up by seven poor, thin, withered ears,
blasted by the east wind. Joseph explained to Pharaoh
that it was God who enabled him to interpret dreams, and
told him that his dreams were warnings sent by God of a
great calamity which was coming ppon the land. The
seven fat kine and the seven good ears symbolized seven
years of plenty; and the seven lean kine and seven blasted



ears meant seven years of famine which were to follow. So
Joseph advised the king that during the years of plenty
he should lay up in store against the years of famine, and
set a wise man over the land to collect stores of food, so
that the people might not perish with hunger during the
years of dearth. Pharaoh saw the wisdom of this advice,
and also that there was no one more fit and proper to set

over the land to gather food than Joseph. So he appointed
him to this post, put his own ring on his hand, gave him a
gold chain and rich clothing, and a chariot to ride in, with
people marching before, telling them to do him honour.
Thus the youth who had been sold as a slave was pro-
claimed ruler over the land; only in the throne was
Pharaoh greater than Joseph.
What Joseph had foretold came exactly to pass. There


came seven years of plenty, and during those years Joseph
gathered the corn into storehouses, and kept it till the seven
years of famine. Then the people came from far and near
into Egypt to buy corn, and amongst those who came were
Joseph's ten brethren. When they were brought into
Joseph's presence they bowed themselves to the ground
before him. He recognized them at once, but spoke
roughly to them, and asked them many questions, accusing
them of being spies, and ordered that one of them should
be detained until Benjamin, their youngest brother, had
been brought to him. When they heard this their hearts
reproved them, and they felt that this had come upon them
because of their conduct towards Joseph. Then Joseph
ordered that their sacks should be filled with corn, and
each man's money restored into his sack.
And when they returned they told their father Jacob all
that the ruler in Egypt had said and done to them; also
that they need not go back again to purchase corn unless
they took their brother Benjamin with them. Jacob was
very unhappy at the prospect of losing his well-beloved
Benjamin. He said, My son shall not go down with you i
for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief
befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye
bring down my grey hairs with sorrow to the grave."
But as the famine was sore he ordered them to take
down a present of the best fruits of the land to the ruler in
Egypt, and so endeavour to gain favour with him. When
Joseph saw them come with Benjamin, he ordered his
steward to prepare a meal, as these men were to dine with


him at noon. Joseph again asked them many questions
about the welfare of his father; and when he saw Benjamin
with them his heart yearned over him, and he went into
his chamber and wept. After that they all feasted together,
and at Joseph's command the sacks of his brethren were
filled with corn, the money they had brought was put back
into their sack's mouth, and Joseph's silver cup was put
into Benjamin's sack. Next day, before they had got very
far from the city, a messenger from Joseph stopped them
and accused them of stealing his master's silver cup. They
all protested that they knew nothing about it; but in spite
of what they said, when their sacks were opened and
examined, the cup was found in that of Benjamin. So they
were all obliged to go back to the ruler of Egypt, and
explain the matter. Joseph said that he would detain
Benjamin as his servant for what he had done. Judah, his
brother, made an earnest appeal that he should be detained,
instead of Benjamin, for his aged father's sake.
At this Joseph could not contain himself any longer;
so he made himself known to his brethren, and he wept
aloud with them, so that all the house of Pharaoh heard.
He said, "I am Joseph, doth my father yet live?" None
of them could answer him, for they were afraid. But
Joseph calmed their fears, and told them that although
they had sold him as a slave into Egypt, God had sent him
before them to preserve their lives. And he requested
them to go at once to the land of Canaan, and bring their
father, and their families, and all their flocks and herds,
and he would make abundant provision for them all in the


land of Goshen. And this pleased Pharaoh also, and he
promised them the good of all the land of Egypt.
And Jacob began his journey, and at Beersheba be offered
sacrifices to the God of his father. And God appeared to
him in a dream, and told him not to be afraid to go down
into the land of Egypt, for the Lord would be with him,
and make of him a great nation.
When Jacob came down into Egypt he was presented
to Pharaoh, and blessed him; and Joseph gave his father


and brethren a possession in the land of
Egypt, in the country of Goshen, and he fed them with
bread during all the years of famine.
After living for seventeen years in Egypt the time came
when Jacob must die. He blessed the two sons of Joseph,
Ephraim and Manasseh; and told Joseph that although he
was now passing away, God would be with his posterity
and bring them again into the land of Canaan. Then he


blessed his twelve sons, foretelling what they and their
descendants would become. Judah received the highest
honour, for his descendants were declared to be the royal
tribe, which would never be without a ruler until Shiloh
should come, and unto Him should the gathering of the
people be. After Joseph and Benjamin had received a
very tender blessing, he commanded them to bury him in
the land of Canaan, in the cave, in the field of Machpelah,
which had been Abraham's burying-place. When Jacob
died his body was embalmed, or preserved with spices; and
after seventy days the children of Israel went up with
chariots and horsemen, a very great company, and buried
him in the cave of Machpelah, as he had commanded.
After the death of their father the sons of Jacob were
afraid that Joseph would now punish them for their former
cruel behaviour to him in selling him as a slave. When
they confessed to him their fears, and that they had done
wrong, and had asked his forgiveness, Joseph wept, and
told them that though they had sold him into Egypt, and
had intended to do him harm, God had turned it into
good. So he comforted and spoke kindly to them, and
assured them that he would provide for their households.
When Joseph came to die he told the children of Israel
(as Jacob's descendants were henceforth called) that God
would surely visit them, and bring them up into the Land
of Canaan. He also made them promise to carry his
bones with them, and lay them there.


The Oppression in Egypt-The Birth of Moses-He is
appointed Deliverer-The Plagues of Egypt-Pha-
raoh lets the people go.

iANY years after the death of Joseph and
the good Pharaoh who had made him
ruler in the land, there rose up a king
who knew not Joseph. This Pharaoh
had become jealous of the growing
wealth and greatness of the children of
Israel in the land of Goshen, and he thought he wouldtry
and keep them down, in case, if there came war with a
neighboring country, they might join his enemies. So he
began to treat them like slaves; he set hard taskmasters
over them, and made them make bricks and build treasure-
houses for him-Pithom and Raamses. And he not only
did this, but he ordered that all the Hebrew boys should be
destroyed at their birth, thinking that in this way he would
stop the increase of the Israelites in the land.
There was one tender-hearted Hebrew mother who
managed to hide her babe out of sight for three months,


until she could hide him no longer. So she made a cradle
of water-reeds, and daubed it with pitch that it might
not sink when put into the water, and then she placed it
among the rushes at the edge of the river Nile. After a
time it happened that Pharaoh's daughter coming down to
the river to bathe, saw the cradle with the babe in it, and
sent her maid to fetch it. The child cried as she looked
at him, and taking pity upon him she ordered that the
little foundling should be nursed for her by a Hebrew
woman. And Miriam, the sister of the child, who had
been standing afar off, went and fetched his own mother as
nurse for him. And she nursed him for Pharaoh's daughter,
and he was named Moses, which means drawn out," be-
cause he had been drawn out of the water.
The princess gave him the best education that could be
had at that time; and he became learned in all the wisdom
of the Egyptians. But although brought up at the court of
Pharaoh he did not forget his own people. When he was
forty years of age his spirit was stirred within him one day
by seeing an Egyptian ill-treating one of his own nation.
He took the part of the Hebrew, and slew the Egyptian,
and buried his body in the sand. Next day, when he
interfered again in another quarrel, he found that what he
had done the day before was known, and he fled into the
land of Midian.
One day as Moses sat beside a well in Midian,. seven
maidens came out with their father's sheep to water them,
but could not do so because of the shepherds there who
tried to drive them away. Moses took their part, and

A V_-__



helped them to water their sheep; and when the maidens
went home they told their father that they had been helped
by a stranger. So Moses was invited into the house of
Jethro, and treated kindly, and he married one of Jethro's
daughters, called Zipporah. These Midianites were related
to the children of Israel, for they were descended from
Midian, a son of Abraham, who had gone to live in the
eastward of the land of Canaan.
Moses lived quietly in Midian for about forty years as a
shepherd, in gradual preparation for the great work which
lay before him. During this time the afflictions of the
Israelites in Egypt increased. It had been revealed to
Abraham that they would have to endure this cruel bondage
for about four hundred years, and then a deliverer would arise.
One day Moses was feeding his flock on the mountain of
Horeb when he saw a bush burning with fire, yet not
consumed. He turned aside to see this strange sight, when
a voice called him by name out of the middle of the bush.
He was told to put his shoes from off his feet, for the ground
on which he stood was holy. It was God who spoke, and
Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
Then God told him how He had heard the cry and seen the
affliction of His people in Egypt, and that He wished him
to go to Pharaoh and ask him to let His people go.
Moses did not think he was worthy to do this great work,
and asked for a proof to give to his brethren that he was
sent by God. He was told to say to them, "I AM"--
whicl means the same as Jehovah, the everlasting God-
"hath sent me unto you." He was first to call together


the chief men of Israel, and then go to Pharaoh, and ask
leave for the children of Israel to go three days' journey
into the wilderness to sacrifice to God. And in order that
the people might not doubt his word he was given the
power of working miracles. The rod which he held in his
hand when cast to the ground became a serpent, and when
he took hold of it again it became a rod. And also, when
he put his hand into his bosom and took it out, it was
covered with a terrible disease
.:-.-,-, A., '
called leprosy; when he put it
back again and took it
out it became ..
as whole as
the other. Still
Moses did not
think he was quite. q -
equal to the task, __
because he was slow
of speech; but God
reproved him, and
said, Now, therefore 7
go, and I will be with
thy mouth, and teach TE BURNING BU
thee what thou shalt
say." Further, he was commanded to take his brother
Aaron With him, who was ready and fluent of speech, and
who would be his spokesman to the people.
The first interview which Moses and Aaron had with
Pharaoh seemed only to make the case of the people worse


than before. Their taskmasters behaved more cruelly to
them, and did not even give them straw to make bricks,
but told them they might seek straw for themselves. And
Moses cried to God, and in answer he was encouraged not
to be afraid, for God would not forsake His people in their
trouble, but would certainly remember His promise, and
bring them safely into the land of Canaan. But the people
were now so down-trodden and miserable, that they would
scarcely believe that this promise would ever be fulfilled.
And Moses and Aaron, by God's command, went a
second time to the king; and Aaron threw down his rod
before him, and it became a serpent. But the conjurors
or magicians of the court made Pharaoh believe that they
could do the same thing; and they also threw down their
rods, which became serpents, but Aaron's rod swallowed
theirs up. All this had no effect upon the mind of the
king, who still hardened his heart.
God now commanded Moses and Aaron to go to the
brink of the Nile when the king came there in the morning,
and Aaron was to stretch forth his rod over the waters of
Egypt, and immediately they would be changed into blood,
and the river would stink, and all the fish that were in it
would die. Moses and Aaron obeyed the command, and
all the rivers of Egypt were at once changed into blood.
And the magicians did so, or appeared to do so, with their
enchantments; and the heart of Pharaoh remained as hard
as ever.
When seven days had expired, Moses went again to the
king to ask that the children of Israel might be allowed to


go, and told him that if he again refused the land would
be visited with a plague of frogs. So when Aaron stretched
his hand over the waters of Egypt, the frogs came up and
covered the land. This plague was so troublesome that
Pharaoh in distress sent
for Moses and Aaron, t ,
and asked them to take
away the frogs; so
on the morrow Moses
cried unto the Lord,
and the plague of frogs
was confined to the
river. When Pharaoh V, ,/
saw that there was to
be a respite, he again
hardened his heart, and
would not let the people
The next plague sent
on Pharaoh for his -
hardness of heart was -
that the dust of the /
earth became lice both
on man and beast; but
this also had no effect
upon the heart of the
of flies was sent, which filled the houses of the Egyptians,
so that the land was perfectly corrupted by them. Pharaoh


relented again, and was willing to let them go until the
plague was removed, when his heart remained as hard
as ever. Next, disease was sent upon the cattle of
the Egyptians, then grievous boils were sent upon man
and beast, and thunder and hail, which worked havoc
amongst the cattle and in the fields of the Egyptians.
The next two plagues were locusts and darkness. But
the heart of the king remained as hard as before, until
the last and most terrible plague of all, when all the
first-born of man and beast were slain throughout the land.
God had warned Moses that after this Pharaoh would let
the children of Israel go.

i i ii~ i i i ii ii I l *

S<0 o oca < s [E Bf^^ p^o p o


The Passover appointed-The First-born of the Egyptians
slain-The Children of Israel depart-The Passage of
the Red Sea-The Giving of the Law-The
Plan of the Tabernacle-Feasts appointed.

SOM E preparation w as n eed ed b before th e
L children of Israel should leave the land
Sin w h ic h th e y h a d n o w liv e d fo r a b o u t
four hundred and thirty years. They
S_____. __ were therefore commanded to borrow
of the Egyptians jewels of silver and
jewels of gold, and all other things necessary; and in
memory of their deliverance they were to celebrate th6
Lord's Passover; an ordinance which was to be kept up
through all their generations. A lamb was to be killed and
roasted during the night, and eaten with unleavened bread
and bitter herbs. And they were to take of the blood and
strike, it on the two side-posts and the upper post of the
doors of the houses in which they were eating it. The
flesh of the lamb was to be eaten with their loins girded,
their shoes on their feet, and their staff in their hand.
I .-111------------111_-U--I- i --I--I-


From the fourteenth day of the month until the twenty-first
nothing but unleavened bread was to be found in any of
their houses; and when the Lord would pass through to
smite the first-born of the Egyptians, all the doors where
the lintels and side-posts were sprinkled with blood would
be passed over.
What the Lord had revealed to Moses came to pass.
All the first-born in the land of Egypt, from Pharaoh on the
throne to the captive in the dungeon, were smitten, as well
as the first-born of cattle. A great cry was raised during
the night, such. as there had not been before nor since,
when Pharaoh and the Egyptians discovered this terrible
calamity. Moses and Aaron were at once sent for, and
commanded to ,lead the children of Israel forth, for they
said, "We be all dead men." And the Lord gave them
favour in the eyes of the Egyptians, so that they lent to the
people jewels of silver and jewels of gold, and all that they
required from them. And they departed in haste, a vast
multitude, on foot. They first journeyed from Rameses to
Succoth; and from thence they marched to Etham, on the
edge of the wilderness. They had a sign that the Lord
was leading them in a pillar of cloud which hung over
them by day, but which became a pillar of fire at night,
going before them to show the way.
The heart of Pharaoh was not long in turning against the
children of Israel after he had let them go, especially when
it was told him that they were fleeing from him. The
Egyptians felt annoyed that they had allowed them to go
away from serving them. So with their horses and chariots


they pursued them, and came close to them beside Pi-
hahiroth. The sight of their oppressors pursuing them
caused the Israelites to become faint-hearted and tremble,
and also to murmur against Moses for leading them out thus
to perish in the wilderness. Moses laid their trouble before
the Lord, and the answer came, Speak to the children of
Israel that they go forward."
And the Angiel of God went
from the front to the rear of

q Y

them, between them and their enemies. And Moses at
God's command stretched his rod over the waters of the
Red ,Sea, and the waters went back all that night by a
strong east wind, making the sea dry land, and the waters
were divided. Into this pathway made for them in the
waters the children of Israel marched, with a wall of water
on thbir tight hand and on their left, closely pursued by


the Egyptians, who went in after them even to the midst
of .the sea.
And the Lord looked down upon the Egyptians and
troubled them, and commanded Moses to stretch his hand
over the sea, and when he had done so, the sea returned
"in its strength, and all the Egyptians with their chariots
and horsemen were swallowed up in the waters; but the
children of Israel marched safely over upon dry land. And
on the other side Moses and the whole congregation of
Israel sang a song of triumph unto the Lord about the
overthrow of their enemies. And Miriam, the prophetess,
the sister of Moses, took a timbrel in her hand, and
followed by the women, she said, "Sing ye to the Lord,
for He hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider
hath He thrown into the sea."
From the Red Sea they marched to the wilderness
of Shur, where they wandered three days without finding
water., Then, they came to Marah, but the water there was
so bitter, that :until Moses, at the command of the Lord,
had cast a certain tree in it they could not drink. And
here the promise of God came to them, that if they would
hearken diligently to His voice, and do right in His sight, and
keep His commandments, they would.never be visited with
the plagues- which they had seen come upon the Egyptians.
When they came to the wilderness of Sin, the people
again began to murmur against Moses, and to long for the
flesh-pots of Egypt which they had left behind them.
They accused them of having brought them- into the wilder-
ness to perish of hunger.
j. -


Then the word of the Lord came to Moses that the
murmurings of the people had been heard, and that their
wants were to be supplied in a miraculous way. In the
evening a flight of quails came up and covered the camp,
and the people gathered sufficient of them to supply their
needs. In the morning, after the dew had gone up from
the earth, a small round thing, as small as the hoar-frost,
lay upon the ground. Moses told the people that this was
the bread which God had provided for them, and they
called it manna, which means, "What is this ?" They
were to gather a certain quantity every morning; and when
the sun grew hot the manna melted away. And if they
kept it till next morning it bred worms and stank. On the
sixth day they gathered a double quantity, as much as
would last them over the seventh day, which was to be for
them a day of rest. During all the forty years in which
the children of Israel wandered in the desert they were fed
with this manna until they came unto the borders of the
land of Canaan.
The' people again journeyed onward until they came to
Rephidim. Here there was no water, and they were again
angry at Moses, and were ready to kill him by casting
stones at him. At the command of God Moses went with
the chief men to the rock in Horeb, and struck the rock
with his rod, and the waters gushed out and ran in the dry
places like a river. Moses called the place Massah, or
"temptation," because the people had tempted the Lord
to anger by their complaining, and Meribah, or strife,"
because of their threatening against Moses.

.. ,

"I -'z /-. .. :-_.. ,
. '' r-., .
," . :\-..' .oo ,- .. ,,,. "
-I ::-; : -" 7 '
.. :.-.;, r;. ,., -' -:. j- .. ... ..
,: ., .". .. ;" .' ." .:. ,



Another trouble now came upon them. A powerful
tribe, descended from Duke Amalek, one of the grandsons
of Esau, seeing such a host in the valley of Rephidim,
came up behind them, and attacked the most defenceless
of the host of Israel. Moses bade a young man named
Joshua go forth and fight against them with a chosen band
of men. He then ascended a hill near at hand, with Aaron
and Hur, and when he held up his hand with his rod in it,
Joshua had the best of the fight, but whenever he let down
his hand through weariness then Amalek prevailed. When
Moses grew weary in holding up his hands, a stone was
placed for him upon which to sit, while Aaron and Hur
stood, one on each side of him, and held up his hands.
This continued until sunset, when Joshua had won the
battle. A record of this fight was commanded to be kept,
so that it could be read by future generations that they
might know how God fought for them, and how they
prevailed. Moses also built an altar, and called it Jehovah-
nissi, "The Lord my Banner."
Shortly after this great event Moses was visited by Jethro,
his father-in-law, who brought with him his daughter
Zipporah, the wife of Moses, with her two sons, Gershom
and Eliezer, who had remained behind in Midian for
safety. Moses welcomed them, and told Jethro of the
wonders which the' Lord had wrought for them, which
made his father-in-law rejoice, and say, Now I know that
the Lord is greater than all gods." At that time Moses
acted as the judge as well as the leader of the people, and
he might be seen sitting all day hearing their troubles and


disputes.: Jethro saw that this was more than the strength
of Moses could bear, and suggested that able men, who
feared God and could be trusted, should be set over the
people to judge them. This was done, and Moses was
relieved of an arduous duty, only the hard causes being
brought before him.
After the children of Israel departed from Rephidim they
came to the desert of Sinai, and encamped there. From
the top of Mount Sinai God spoke to the people in a
thick cloud, with thunders and lightning and the voice of
a trumpet, so that all the people trembled. The mount
seemed altogether on a smoke, for the Lord descended upon
it in fire. Moses was called up to the top of the mount
with Aaron, while the people waited below, and the Lord
delivered to them the commandments which were to be
kept by themselves and their children. Unto Moses,
Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of
Israel, was the vision of the glory of the God of Israel given.
And again Moses was called up.into the mount, and remained
beneath the shadow of the cloud forty days and forty nights,
until the Lord had delivered to him the Plan of the Taber-
nacle, and all its furniture, which he was to build for the
worship of the one true God.
When Moses was absent from the camp on Mount Sinai,
the people at the foot of the mount grew impatient of his
return, and complained to Aaron, and asked him to make
them idols, such as were worshipped by heathen nations, for
as for this Moses they did not know what had become of
him. So Aaron asked them to bring their jewels of


gold, and these he melted, and made into a golden calf.
And when the people saw it they said this was the god
which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt. And
Aaron built an altar before it, and offered sacrifice to it
instead of to the Lord, and there was a great feast, and the
people danced before the calf.



And God told Moses
while on the mount what
the people were doing in his absence; and he hastened
down from the mount, and as he drew near with Joshua,
he heard the noise of singing and dancing in the camp.
Moses was so angry when he saw the people dancing before
the golden calf that he threw the two tables of stone out of
his hand upon which the commandments were written, and


they were broken in pieces. And Moses took the calf,
and burned it with fire, and ground it into dust, and strewed
it amongst water, and made the children of Israel drink of
this water. Then Moses stood at the gate of the camp and
asked all those who were on the Lord's side to come beside
him. Then the children of Levi came to him, and he com-
manded them to go through the camp and slay every man
they should meet, because of their great sin in worshipping
the golden calf. And Moses prayed to God for the people,
and confessed their sin, and asked forgiveness for them.
After this Moses was commanded by God to make two
tables of stone like to those which he had broken, and early
in the morning he went up to the top of Mount Sinai alone,
and again interceded in prayer for the sins of the people.
And God heard him, and took them to be His people again;
and He commanded Moses to write on the two tables of
stone the words of the Ten Commandments as follows :-
I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of
Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
Thou.shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of
anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that
is in the water under the earth : thou shalt not bow down thyself to
them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God,
visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the. third and
fourth generation of them that hate Me; and showing mercy unto
thousands of them that love Me, and keep My commandments.
Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the
Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.
Remember the sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou
labour, and do all thy work : but the seventh day is the sabbath of the
Lord thy God : in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, ncr thy son, nor


thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle,.
nor thy stranger that is within thy gates : for in six days the Lord made
heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh
day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it.
Honour thy father and thy mother ; that thy days may be long upon
the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Thou shalt not kill.
Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Thou shalt not steal.
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Thou shalt not covet thy neigh-
bour's house, thou shalt not covet
thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-
servant, nor his maid-servant, nor
his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing Itill l! l ii, l,'
that-is thy neighbour's.

When Moses came down l|||(uunt M Iii\E
from the mount his face shone
with a heavenly brightness, for
he had been communing with iiii
God; and he bore the tables .. -
of stone in his hand upon
which were written the com-
mandments. Aaron and the THE TEN COMMANDMENTS.
people were afraid to speak with him until he had put a
veil upon his face.
Then Moses told the people what God had commanded
him to do on Mount Sinai about the building of the Taber-
nacle; and he invited all those whose hearts were willing,
to bring him suitable gifts of what they possessed, and
those who were clever workmen at any special trade he
also invited to assist in building the Tabernacle. Before


the Hebrews had left Egypt they had borrowed of the
Egyptians jewels of silver and gold, and many valuable
and useful things. These were now of great service, and
so were the skilled workmen who had learned to weave
cloth and make useful articles during their sojourn in
Egypt. And the people came, both men and women, as
many as were willing-hearted, and brought gold, and precious
stones,'and cloth, blue, purple, and scarlet, and fine linen,
and goats' hair.
And these offer-
ings of the
people were
publicly given
to the skilled
Workmen, Beza-
o leel and Aho-
Slia b in o rd e r
That they might
proceed with the
PLAN OF THE TABERNACLE. work for which
such abundance of material had been brought.
This Tabernacle, which was to be the visible sign of the
presence of God with the children of Israel and their
meeting-place with Him, was both beautiful and costly. It
was divided into two parts, the Holy Place and the Holy
of Holies, which were separated from one another by a
beautiful curtain called the veil. In the Holy Place stood
the golden altar of incense, having on its north side the
table of shew-bread, which consisted of twelve loaves of fine


flour, and-.on its south side a golden candlestick. On this
candlestick were seven lamps, one on each branch, orna-
mented with golden flowers. The lamps were-kept. burning
Constantly, only pure olive oil being used for them. In.the
Holy of Holies stood the Ark of the Covenant, which was
made of' shittim-wood covered with gold; this ark held
the Tables of the Law, and a golden pot filled with manna,
which was to be kept through all their generations. The
top of the ark, where a golden cherub with outstretched
wings stood at each end was called the Mercy-seat. Here
the Lord met with -Moses, and talked to him from above
the Mercy-seat, between the cherubim.
The sides of the Tabernacle were of boards covered with
gold, with a curtain of many colours for a door; it stood
within an enclosure, which was surrounded by pillars of brass,
and hangings of fine linen of many-coloured 'needle-work.
In front of the Tabernacle and within this court stood an altar
and a laver; this altar was for burnt-offerings, and the laver,
which was of brass, held water in which the priests washed
their hands before entering the Tabernacle itself. The whole
structure was so made that it could be easily carried about
with the children of Israel in their desert wanderings.
Aaron was appointed high priest, and his four sons
were set apart for the priest's-office, to assist him; and
suitable garments were made for them. For the high
priest there was a breast-plate of fine twined linen and
of work of many colours, folded square, in which were
set twelve stones in gold, each stone bearing the name
of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Then there was a


garment called an ephod, for Aaron to wear, made of fine
linen of many colours, which was fastened with an onyx
stone to each shoulder. A robe or coat was made to be
worn under the ephod, all of blue, and round its lower edge
were hung pomegranates of blue and purple, and scarlet,
between which were golden
bells, which would ring as the
high priest went out and in to
the Tabernacle. On the mitre
S| fo r A a ro n 's h e a d w e re in s c rib e d
the words Holiness to the
When the work of the Tab-
i ernacle was finished, Moses
=,^) looked over it all, and saw
__---- that it was made as God had
commanded. And when it
was set up, the pillar of the
cloud that had gone
..before the children of
Israel came down over
the Tabernacle ; and the
THE FIRST SAChIFICE IN TABERNACLE. glory of the Lord filled
it, so that Moses could not go within it. And so it became
the place where God spoke to Moses, from the cloud over
the Mercy-seat.
The people were then called together for 'the consecra-
tion of the Tabernacle to the service of the Lord. And
as they stood round the door of the Tabernacle, Moses



washed Aaron and his sons with water, and put on them
their beautiful garments, and anointed them with oil. And
thus Aaron and his sons were set apart for the priesthood,
to offer up sacrifices to God for the sins of the people.
The Tabernacle was finished on the first day of the first
month, and the seven lamps upon the golden candlestick
were lighted, and sweet incense was offered upon the altar.
And Aaron took a lamb, and killed it, and laid it upon
the altar as an offering to God for the sins of the people.
And the Lord sent fire, which burned up the lamb, and the
people gave a great shout in token that the sacrifice had
been accepted. After this the fire was kept burning upon
the altar continually.
Moses now received commands from God as to the
different kinds of sacrifice which were to be offered up,
the highest kind being the burnt-sacrifice with blood. The
priests were ordered to offer up a lamb in the morning and
in the evening for the sins of the whole people. On the
sabbath-day two lambs and two kids were offered morning
and evening. And if any man repented him of his sins, he
brought an ox, or a sheep, or a gpat to the door of the Taber-
nacle. Then he put his hand upon its head, which meant
that he transferred his sins to the animal; after which it
was. killed, and the priests burnt it upon the altar as a sacri-
fice to God. This was called a burnt-offering. But when
a man wished to thank God especially for some blessing
which he had received, or wished to ask for some blessing,
the animal was only partly burned, and was eaten partly by
the priests and by the man for whom the sacrifice was


offered. This kind of sacrifice was called a peace-offering.
Sacrifices offered for pardon of sins done in ignorance of
what was right were called sin-offerings. Those for parti-
cular sins or trespasses were called trespass-offerings. The
offering of any kind of meat, such as flour, oil, or herbs, was
called the meat and drink offering, which was burned or
poured out upon the altar. The best of everything was
only to be given in all these sacrifices.
Three Feasts to God were also appointed to be held every
year: the Feast of the Passover,
Sth e F e a st o f P e n te c o s t a n d th e
Feast of Tabernacles. The first


of these, as already explained, was in memory of the night
when the Lord killed the first-born of the Egyptians but
passed over the children of Israel, and of their deliverance
from the house of bondage. The second was a festival for
the harvest; and the last a special thanksgiving for the safe
ingathering of the fruits of the earth. This feast of Taber-
nacles lasted seven days, during which time the people
dwelt in booths, in remembrance of the time when they
were brought out of the land of Egypt.


There were other festivals: the Festival of the Sabbath,
which was a day of rest; the Festival of the New Moon every
month; and on the first day of the seventh month the Feast
of Trumpets, when trumpets were blown to call it to the
mind of the people. The seventh or Sabbatical year was to
be observed when they got to the land of Caanan, and in
that year the land was allowed to rest; but to make up for
this God was to cause the sixth year to bring forth fruit for
three years. The Feast of Jubilee was the feast of the fiftieth
year; it was a year of rest, in which there was neither
sowing nor reaping.
Every year there was to be a great fast, called the Day
of Atonement; this was the only day in the year in which
the high priest was to enter the Holy of Holies, and before
he entered he was to offer sacrifices for his own sins and
the sins of the people. When he came out he was to take
a goat which had not been sacrificed, and lay his hands upon
it, and confess the sins of the people, putting them upon
the head of the animal, which was called the scape-goat.
Then this animal was to be led away to the wilderness to
wander whither it would.
Some days after the consecration of the Tabernacle,
Nadab and Abihu, two of the newly-consecrated priests,
offered incense with strange fire before the Lord, which
He commanded them not. And there went out fire from
the Lord and devoured them. And Moses commanded
that Aaron and his family should not mourn for them.
God warned the people at this time against imitating
some of the heathen nations amongst whom they would so-


journ, in offering up their children to a huge brass idol
called Molech. This idol had the face of a calf, and was
hollow inside, and a fire was lighted within it. And after
the fire was lighted, and the idol was made very hot, these
heathens placed their children in its arms until they were
burned to death. And God told them also that if they
walked in the way of His commandments He would prosper
them; but He warned them that if they forgot to serve Him,
sickness and trouble would be sent upon them, until they
turned their hearts again to Him.

*' -. (- **

--.......... ......................



The March through the Wilderness-Miriam struck
with Leprosy-The Spies sent out-The Rebellion of
Korah-The Death of Aaron-The Brazen Serpent.

HE time now came for the people to leave
& Mount Sinai, where they had remained
about a year, and continue their journey
f towards the land of Canaan. This had
been an eventful year for them. God
"1-- had communed with Moses on Sinai,
and given him laws to regulate the conduct of the people,
the Ten Commandments; also the Plan of the Tabernacle,
which had now been built, and all the rules whereby they
were to worship Him by means of the Tabernacle service.
They were now divided into thirteen tribes, each of
whom was descended from one of the sons of Jacob or of
Joseph. The names of the tribes were Reuben, Simeon,
Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali,
Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin. And the men who
were able to go out to war were counted, and found to


number six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and
fifty. But the children of Levi were not counted for war,
but were set apart for the service of the Tabernacle. No
one save the priests and Levites was to come near or touch
anything belonging to it, because it was consecrated to the
service of the Lord. And the men of the tribe of Levi
were appointed to take down the Tabernacle, and to carry
it when on their journey, and assist in the work required in
connection with it when it remained in the camp. When
the Levites were numbered, it was found that there were of
them eight thousand five hundred and eighty men. And
twelve princes from the twelve tribes brought six covered
waggons and twelve oxen, along with many gold and silver
articles, for use in the service of the Tabernacle.
Whenever the Tabernacle was set up, the pillar of cloud,
which was the colour of a cloud by day and of fire by night,
came and stood over the Tabernacle; and whenever this
cloud was lifted up, the children of Israel knew it was time
to start again on their journey, and whenever it stopped
they stopped also. It was the visible presence of God in
their midst. When the people were to be gathered together,
or when they were about to march, the priests sounded two
silver trumpets. When marching they carried standards or
banners, each tribe moving in order, with the Levites in
their midst bearing the Tabernacle. When they stopped
to make their camp anywhere, the Tabernacle was set up
in their midst, with the tents of the Levites beside it, and
those of the different tribes all round it. There they
remained until ready to move forward again.


At last the cloudy pillar rose from the Tabernacle, and
the people left Mount Sinai and followed it for three days
into the wilderness of Paran. They became very discon-
tented on this journey, and complained, Who shall give us
meat to eat ? we remember the fish that we had
n Egypt; the cucumbers, the melons, and. the

onions; but now our soul is dried away." This complaining
caused the Lord to be displeased with them. And Moses
entreated the Lord that he might be delivered from the
leadership of the people; it was more than he was able to
bear. And God answered Moses, and said He would send
them flesh for a whole month. Moses unbelievingly doubted
if all the thousands which he saw around him could be fed
with flesh for that time; and the Lord reproved Moses for his


want of trust in Him. Then the Lord sent a wind which
brought quails from the sea, and the ground around the
camp was covered with them. The people gathered them
in abundance, but there was no blessing with them, for a
plague broke out amongst them, so that many of them
died. And Moses called the place Kibroth-hattaavah,
because there they buried the people that lusted for flesh.
They now journeyed to a place called Hazeroth, and
there encamped. About this time Miriam, the sister of
Moses and Aaron his brother, became jealous of Moses.
They spoke against him because he had married a wife who
did not belong to the tribes of Israel. They also said,
" Hath the Lord indeed spoken only by Moses ? hath He
not spoken also by us?" And the Lord was displeased
with them for this, and called Aaron and Miriam before
Him, and rebuked them; and Miriam was stricken with
leprosy because of her sin, then Aaron was seized with
remorse, and entreated Moses to intercede for them; but
Miriam was shut outside the camp for seven days. Moses
then prayed the Lord to heal her, and his prayer was heard.
When the Israelites had reached the wilderness of Paran
they were not far from the land of Canaan, and Moses said
to them, "Behold the Lord thy God hath set the land
before thee; go up and possess it, as the Lord God of thy
fathers hath said unto thee: fear not, neither be discouraged."
But the people asked that men might be sent to look at the
land and report what they saw. So twelve men were
chosen, one from each tribe, and amongst them were Caleb,
the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.

0," .

RM IP.I Row, 51 1


These spies, as they were called, went forth to look at
the land, and returned after forty days. To show the
fruitfulness of the country they brought away from Eschol
a bunch of grapes so large that it took two men to carry it.
They also brought with them some pomegranates and figs,
and said that the land was a fruitful land, but that the
cities were very strong, with high walls round them. They
had also seen giants, the people of Anak, and the Amale-
kites; and they all, except Caleb and Joshua, tried to
frighten the people, and persuade them not to go up against
such warlike tribes. This made the Israelites discontented,
and they murmured that they would rather have died in
Egypt, or in the wilderness, and they even wanted to
choose a captain to lead them back.
But Caleb and Joshua advised the people to go up to
Canaan, and said the land was an exceeding good land, and
that God would fight for them. Whereat the people were
angry, and threatened to stone them. And the Lord was
displeased because of their want of faith in Him, and Moses
entreated the Lord in their behalf. And the Lord said
to Moses that He would pardon them, but not one of the
murmurers, from twenty years old and upwards should enter
the Promised Land, but should perish in the wilderness.
After forty years, when they had passed away, their children
would go up to this good land; but none would be allowed
to enter into Canaan save Caleb and Joshua, because of
their good report. At the command of God Moses was to
lead the people back towards the wilderness by the way of
the Red Sea, and they were to wander there for forty years.


Some of the people thought that they might still go up. to
the good land, although Moses had warned them that God
had forbidden then: and these headstrong people started on
their journey without the Ark or Moses to guide them.
But they were attacked, and scattered, and killed, by the
Amalekites and the Canaanites, at Hormah.
Now after this time a rebellion against Moses and Aaron
took place in the camp. The ringleaders were named


Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, and two
hundred and fifty princes of Israel followed
them. They said to Moses and Aaron, Ye take too much
upon you, seeing all the congregation are holy. Where-
fore lift ye up yourselves above the congregation ?"
After inquiring of the Lord what he ought to do, Moses
bade Korah and his company come on the morrow with
lighted censers before the Tabernacle. Even to-morrow, he
said, the Lord would show who were his and who were holy,
and he asked them why they were not content with their
present duties that they should covet the office of priest


also. On the following day Korah and his company came
up to the Tabernacle with their censers and fire in them,
and sprinkled incense on the fire just as the priests did. All
those who joined in this rebellion crowded around to witness
what the result would be. And the Lord told Moses to
warn the people,. and he said, "Separate yourselves from
among this congregation, that I may consume them in a
moment." Moses prayed for them, and the Lord warned
the people to separate themselves from the evil-doers, lest
they should be destroyed along with them. If they died a
strange death, then all the people would know that the anger
of the Lord had been kindled against them.
When Moses had done warning the people the earth
suddenly opened and swallowed up Korah, Dathan, and
Abiram, and all who were with them. They went down
alive, crying out; and all the people, in terror at this judg-
ment of God, fled from the place, in case the same calamity
should overtake them also. And fire went forth from the
Lord and consumed the two hundred and fifty princes who
had followed Korah.
Next day the people seemed to have entirely forgotten
the lesson they had just received, for they murmured against
Moses and Aaron, saying, "Ye have killed the people of the
Lord." And the Lord sent forth a plague by which four-
teen thousand and seven hundred persons perished, besides
Korah and they that perished with him.
In order to show the people whom He had chosen to be
His high priest, God commanded Moses to ask a man of
each of the twelve tribes to bring a rod, which was to be


placed in the Holy of Holies before the Ark. On each rod
the name of the person who brought it was written. Next
day one of the rods had blossomed and borne almonds;
this was the rod upon which was Aaron's name. This
rod God commanded Moses to put back
into the Tabernacle again, to be kept as a
perpetual memorial of His choice of Aaron
and his descendants to the office of high
priest. Then the Lord gave instructions
as to the position of the tribe of Levi in
the work of the Tabernacle, and warned
them against the sin of Korah, Dathan,
and Abiram, and ordered what proportion
of the offerings of the people should
belong to them and to the priests. The
tribe of Levi when they came to the
Promised Land were not to have
any portion of the country allotted
to them, because the*.Lord was to
be their portion, and hence the people
must make some provision for them.
When we next get a glimpse of the life
of the children of Israel in the desert, we
find that they had wandered there about
thirty-eight years, being fed with manna AARON'SRODBUDDING.
from the Lord, and so cared for by Him that they were
never footsore, neither did their clothes wear out. They
again arrived near the place where they had murmured at
first on their journey, and came to the desert of Zin,



where Miriam the sister of Moses died and was buried.
Although those who had sinned by murmuring before
were nearly all dead, yet we find the people again dis-
contented. They began to say that they would rather
have died with their brethren in the wilderness, for the place
they were now in yielded neither seed, nor figs, nor vines,
nor pomegranates, neither was there any water to drink.
And Moses and Aaron went to the Lord with the com-
plaint of the people, and the Lord spoke to Moses, and told
him to take his rod, and gather the assembly of the people
together, and speak to the rock, and water would flow from
it. And when the congregation of the people was gathered
together, Moses and Aaron spoke angrily to them, and
said, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out
of the rock?" And Moses smote the rock twice, and water
flowed forth abundantly, and there was plenty for man and
beast. But the Lord was displeased with Moses and Aaron
because they had not sanctified Him before the congrega-
tion of the people, therefore He told them they would not
be honoured to lead the people into the Land of Promise.
And they journeyed to Mount Hor, where the word of
the Lord came that Aaron was to die. And Aaron and
Eleazar, his son, went up with Moses to Mount Hor, and
Aaron was stripped of his priestly garments, and they were
put upon his son, who succeeded him in his office. And
Aaron died there, and the people mourned for him thirty
As they journeyed from Mount Hor by way of the Red
Sea, the people were so much discouraged because of the

--- \i ...::".!





way that they murmured against Moses again. And the
Lord sent fiery serpents among them, which bit them, so
that many of them died. Then the people confessed to
Moses that they had sinned in murmuring, and asked Him
to entreat the Lord on their behalf. And Moses prayed
for the people, and at God's command made a serpent of
brass and set it upon a pole, and every one who looked at
this serpent, although they were bitten, lived.
The children of Israel wished to pass on their way to
Canaan in a peaceable manner if possible, and sent mes-
sengers unto Sihon, king of the Amorites, whose country
they were approaching, that he would let them pass through
his land. They would not meddle with his vineyards, but
would pass along the highway of his country. Sihon refused
this request, and sent out an army to fight against them.
But Israel prevailed, and took all his cities. And Og, king
of Bashan, also rose against them, but the Lord delivered
him into their hands, and they smote him and all his people
with the edge of the sword.

-.. ,,,. ." .
; -, .-


The Blessing of Balaam-The Death of Moses-Joshua
appointed to be Leader-The Fall of Jericho-The
Victory over the Five Kings-The Death of Joshua.

SHE children of Israel now marched forward
and encamped on the plains of Moab.
And Balak, the king of Moab, sent a
message to Balaam, son of Beor, at
Pethor, asking him to come and curse
the children of Israel, so that he might
prevail against them. But God warned Balaam, saying,
"Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the
people: for they are blessed."
So Balaam rose up in the morning, and told the princes
of Balak to go back, because the Lord refused to allow him
to curse the people. These men delivered their message
to Balak, but he sent more princes with the same message.
But Balaam said that although Balak was to give him his
house full of silver and gold he could not go beyond the
word of the Lord to do less or more. Then the Lord told


Balaam to go with the messengers and speak the word which
He would tell him. So Balaam rose up in the morning,
and saddled his ass, and went with them.
But God was angry because he went, and the angel of
the Lord stood in his way to stop him. And the ass upon
which he rode saw the angel of the Lord standing with a
drawn sword in his hand, and turned out of the way into
a field, and would not go straight forward. And Balaam
smote the ass to make it go straight forward, and as they
were in a path between two vineyards the ass swerved
aside and crushed Balaam's foot against the wall, so that
he smote her again. And she fell down under him, and
he smote the ass with a staff. And God gave the ass the
power of speech, and it reasoned with him, and asked
him if ever it had behaved in this manner before. And
Balaam had his eyes opened, so that he saw the angel of
the Lord with the drawn sword in his hand, and he bowed
his head and fell flat upon his face. And the angel told
him that he had displeased God, and that he would have
been slain had not the ass turned back three times. Then
Balaam confessed that he had sinned, and offered to turn
back, but the angel said, Go with the men; but only the
words that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak."
So Balaam went with the princes of Balak.
When the king of Moab heard that Balaam was coming,
he went out to meet him, and the prophet explained to him
that he had no power to say anything save what God
would put in his mouth. And Balak made a feast; and
next day he took Balaam to the top of a hill where they


worshipped Baal, the false God, and offered sacrifices. And
Balaam went to a place apart, and God met him and gave
him a reply for Balak. It was this, How shall I curse,
whom God hath not cursed? or how shall I defy, whom
the Lord hath not defied ?"
Balak was displeased at
this, and twice again he tried
to get Balaam to curse the
people, the last time from
the top of Mount Peor,
where he could see the
great host of Israel spread
out before him. Here
Balaam exclaimed, How
goodly are thy tents,
O Jacob, and thy "
tabernacles, 0
Israel! As the valleys
are they spread forth, as
gardens by the river's ,
side, as the trees of
lign-aloes which the
Lord hath planted, and
as cedar-trees beside -
the waters." He closed
with the words, "Blessed BALAAM AND ASS-ANGEL APPEARING.
is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee."
And Balak was more displeased than ever, but Balaam
reminded him that he had told his messengers that though


he were to give him a house full of silver and gold he could
only utter the truth about God's chosen people. And
here, with the country spread out before him, he said
that the nations round about would perish, but that Israel
would wax greater; and he uttered the prophecy, "I shall
see Him, but not now: I shall behold Him, but not nigh:
there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall
rise -out of Israel."
Although"Balak did not get Balaam to curse the children
of Israel, his presence there had a -bad influence over them,
for he taught them to-worship idols by inviting them to the
feasts of the Midianites and Moabites. For this sin they were
plagued by God, and many thousands of them were slain.
At the command of God Moses and Eleazar again num-
bered the people, to see how many men there were of twenty
years and upwards fit for war. It was now found that of
all the people numbered in the wilderness only two, Caleb
and Joshua, were alive. These were the two spies who had
brought back the truthful report from the Promised Land.
The time was now at hand when Moses was to die, and
at God's command Joshua was appointed in his stead.
Before he died Moses gathered the people together, and
spoke serious and earnest words to them. He reminded
them of all the goodness of the Lord in their wanderings
in the wilderness, and of their frequent disobedience.
He told them they were to teach the commandments of
God to their children, talk about them in the house, when
they were walking outside, and when they rose in the
morning. And the sum of them was: "Thou shalt love

I --

II e



the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul,
and with all thy might."
After Moses had blessed Joshua before all the people,
and exhorted him to be strong and of a good courage,
they went together into the Tabernacle, where God spoke
to them of His good pleasure regarding His chosen people.
And Moses wrote all the words of the Law and gave them
to the Levites to keep. He also wrote a song which they
were to teach to their children, and this song contained a
prophecy that the time would come when all nations would
rejoice with His people, when the Lord would be merciful
to them again.
Moses then went up from the plains of Moab to Mount
Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, where God gave him a view of
the Promised Land, which he was not to be allowed to
enter. The Lord said: "This is the land which I sware
unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will
give it unto thy seed; I have caused thee to see it with
thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither."
And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when
he died upon the top of the mount. No man. knew
his burial-place, for the Lord buried him in a valley of
Moab. And the people mourned for him thirty days in
the plains of Moab. We read that there had not arisen
in Israel a prophet like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew
face to face.
And the word of the Lord came to Joshua that Moses
was dead, and that he was to arise and become their leader,
and take the children of Israel across the Jordan into the


land of Canaan.
The promise was
given to him, "As
I was with Moses,
so I will be with
thee : I will not
fail thee nor for-
sake thee." He
was also com-
manded to be strong and of
a good courage; and if he I
made the law of God the
law of his life, then the i
Lord would make his way
Joshua now began to pre-
pare to cross the Jordan and
enter the Land of Promise.
He sent two spies across into
Jericho to report as to the
strength of the city; and they
hid from the king of Jericho
in the house of a woman i
named Rahab. When it was
reported that they were ini
the city, she concealed them
under some flax on the roof
of the house ; and when SPIES.
the officers came to seek for them slhe


made them believe they had escaped. Then when the
men who sought them were gone, she let the spies down
over the city wall by a rope. Before doing so she made them
promise that when the Israelites came and took the city,
they would spare her and her friends from death. When
the spies returned to the camp of Joshua, they assured him
that God had surely given them the land, as the people
were in terror because of them.
Early in the morning Joshua led the people to the brink
of the Jordan, where they stayed three days. On the
morning of the fourth day, at the command of Joshua, the
priests took the Ark and marched forward; and as soon as
their feet touched the water, the water parted before them,
and they walked to the centre of the river, where they
remained with the Ark. The people then walked over on
dry ground, as they had done through the Red Sea. And
as soon as they had all passed over, the waters came back
again and covered the pathway they had trodden, and
flowed on as before.
As Joshua left the camp to survey the walls of Jericho, he
saw a man standing with a drawn sword in his hand. And
Joshua asked him whether he was for or against him, when
he answered, "As captain of the Lord's host am I come "
and Joshua bowed down and worshipped Him, for it was
the Lord. And He told Joshua to cause all the men of war
to march round the city once every day for six days, and
the Ark was also to be carried round by the priests. Seven
priests were to march before the Ark and blow trumpets of
rams' horns. On the seventh day they were to march round


Jericho seven times, and the priests were to blow with
trumpets. Then when they heard a loud blast with the
trumpets, the men of Israel were to shout, and the walls
of Jericho would fall down, and they would be able to
enter in and take possession of it. And they did as the
Lord had commanded; and the last time that the priests


I---7 --I


blew with the trumpets, Joshua ordered them to shout.
And as they did so, the walls of the city fell flat, and they
took possession of Jericho. As had been promised, Rahab,
who had concealed the spies, with her father and mother and
brothers, were saved, and dwelt among the children of Israel.
After Jericho was taken, Joshua sent out spies to report
upon a city called Ai. And these spies reported that Ai
could be easily taken by two or three thousand men. So
SJoshua sent up about three thousand men against the city;
-- but the men of Ai came out after them, and drove them down
Sthe hill, smiting and killing many of them. This discouraged



the Israelites, and Joshua cried to God not to deliver them
up to their enemies. And the Lord commanded him to rise
up from the ground, telling him that the children of Israel had
sinned in keeping back some of the spoil of Jericho which
the Lord had commanded them to deliver up for His service.
And Joshua called out the people, and the Lord showed
him the man who had sinned. His name was Achan, and
he confessed that he had been tempted to take a beautiful
garment and some pieces of silver and gold, and these he
had hid under his tent. And they sent and found the things
under Achan's tent. And Achan and his sons and daughters
and all that he had, were destroyed, and stones were cast
upon them, and they were burned with fire. And the place
where this was done was called Achor, which means "trouble."
So after they had put from among them the accursed thing,
God gave them the victory over the men of Ai.
While the Israelites were at Gilgal, the place at which
they had rested after crossing the Jordan, the kings of
the land banded together in order to fight against them.
The people of Gibeon, knowing that the Lord was
with the Israelites to give them the land, acted in a very
deceitful manner. A party of the Gibeonites came to
Joshua in the camp at Gilgal in order to make peace
with him. Their shoes were worn out, as if they had
come a long journey, their clothes were old, and the bread
which they showed to Joshua was dry and mouldy-looking.
Joshua and the princes of Israel, deceived by these signs,
thought that these Gibeonites had really come a long
journey, and without laying the matter before the Lord


made a treaty of peace with them. When it was discovered
that they had only come a little way to the camp, and that
they were one of the tribes which God had called upon them
to destroy, Joshua summoned them before him, and asked
them why they had acted thus ? The Gibeonites answered
that it was because they were sore afraid of their lives that
they had done this thing. But because Joshua had pro-
mised in a solemn manner not to kill them, he delivered
them out of the hands of the people, but ordered that they
should be made hewers of wood and drawers of water for
the Israelites and for the altar of the Lord.


When the king of Jerusalem heard what these Gibeonites'
had done in making peace with the Israelites, he was afraid,
and united with other four kings, and came up against
Gibeon. Then the Gibeonites asked Joshua to come with
his army and help them against these five kings. And the
Lord told Joshua not to be afraid, for He had delivered these

'--.- -~-,.------.---.---_-- -


enemies into his hand. So Joshua with his fighting men
went up to the help of the Gibeonites, and the five kings
fled before them. And as they were fleeing the Lord rained
great hailstones from heaven upon them, so that more
perished by the hailstones than were slain by the sword.
And as the Israelites pursued their enemies, the daylight
began to fail, and Joshua prayed to God to lengthen the
day. And God did so by causing the sun to stand still
upon Gibeon and the moon in the valley of Ajalon, so that
the people had light until the armies of the five kings were
destroyed. But the five kings themselves escaped, and were
hidden in a cave, to which Joshua caused them to roll great
stones. So they were prisoners there, and were taken out
and hanged when the battle was finished. And the Lord
was with the Israelites, and delivered into their hand one
city after another, until they took the whole land, when they
had rest for a time from war.
Joshua being now old, and having not long to live, he
gathered the people together before the Tabernacle, and
cast lots for them before the Lord, in order that the land
might be equally divided among the tribes. To the Levites
no inheritance in land was given; but they received forty-
eight cities, of which six were to be cities of refuge, to
which those who had shed blood unwittingly might fly and
be safe. And thus the Lord gave unto Israel all the land
which He sware to give unto their fathers; and they pos-
sessed it, and dwelt therein. And the Lord gave them rest
round about. And the Reubenites and the Gadites, and
the half tribe of Manasseh, who had been foremost in fight-


ing against their enemies, returned laden with spoil to the
land on the other side of Jordan which had been given to
them by Moses. And they built an altar on a high hill on
the borders of their land, to show that they were one in
faith with the people of Israel.
Before Joshua died he bade farewell to the elders and
chiefs, and told them to take good heed unto themselves
that they loved the Lord their God. He also gathered all
the people to him at Shechem, and reviewed their wonderful
history, and asked them to choose that day whom they
would serve, adding, As for me and my house, we will
serve the Lord." And the people answered that they also
would serve the Lord. And Joshua made a covenant with
them, and wrote it in the book of the Law of God. He
also set up a stone pillar as a witness, under an oak-tree
at Shechem. And so Joshua let the people depart every
man unto his inheritance. And Joshua was an hundred
and ten years old when he died, and they buried him in
Mount Ephraim.



The Time of the Judges-Deborah and Barak defeat
the Canaanites-The People oppressed by Midianites
-Gideon delivers them-The Story of Jephthah.

"E come now to the period in the history
of the children of Israel called the
time of the Judges. God had allowed
Many of the enemies of Israel still
to live in Canaan in order that He
might prove His people and see if they
would drive them out and destroy them. The tribes of
Judah and Simeon were the first to go to war against
the Canaanites and Perizzites, and the other tribes followed;
but they displeased God, in that, although they con-
quered the heathen, they did not utterly drive them out
and destroy them, as they had been commanded. So
these heathen people became as thorns in their sides,
and their gods became snares to the Israelites; for very
soon they began to marry with them, and to commit
idolatry. And God punished them by allowing them to


fall into the hand of the king of Mesopotamia, whom
they served eight years. At the end of that time the
Lord gave His Spirit to Othniel, who was the first of the
Judges; and the Israelites went out against the king of
Mesopotamia, and freed themselves from his yoke.
Othniel judged the people for forty years, and after his
death they again fell into idolatry. Another punishment
came upon them, for they fell into the hands of Eglon king
of Moab, who, with Ammon and Amalek to help him,
conquered them. After eighteen years had passed, and
when the people had repented, another judge called Ehud
was sent to them. And Ehud killed the king of Moab as
he sat in his summer parlour. Then he summoned the
people together, and led them against the army of Moab,
and defeated it with great slaughter.
The next judge over the people was Shamgar, who with
an ox-goad slew six hundred of the Philistines. After that,
a prophetess named Deborah was chosen to be judge over
the people, who at that time were servants of the king of
Canaan. And Deborah chose a man named Barak, and
told him to lead ten thousand men of Israel against the
king of Canaan, and the Lord would give him the victory.
But Barak would only go if Deborah went with him; and
she consented, but told him that the captain of the Canaan-
ites would fall into the hands of a woman.
Sisera, the Canaanitish captain, met the men of Israel
with his nine hundred chariots of iron, and there was a
great battle, in which the Israelites prevailed. A heavy
storm flooded the river Kishon where the battle was


fought, so that it overflowed its banks, and swept away
many of the combatants. Sisera escaped to the tent of
Heber the Kenite, who was absent, but Jael his wife wel-
comed Sisera, and con-
cealed him in her tent
beneath a mantle. Being
faint and weary from the
battle she gave him milk,
and he fell asleep. After
This he awoke, and
asked Jael to
stand in the tent-
door, so that if
any one came
aft er him, she
might answer he
was not there.
She did so, pre-
tending to be
friendly with him.
Sisera, feeling
secure, again fell
asleep, and while
JAEL AND SISERA. he was sleeping
Jael took a ham-
mer and a nail, and drove it through his temples. And thus
Sisera died by the hand of a woman. And as Barak passed
that way Jael asked him in and showed him Sisera lying
dead on the ground. And Deborah and Barak made a

[ II. ,I .. .. ... .... ... .


song about this victory, which ends thus: So let all Thine
enemies perish, 0 Lord: but let them that love Him be as
the sun when he goeth forth in his might."
After this the land had rest for forty years, when the
Israelites again did evil, and were punished by being allowed
to fall into the hands of the Midianites. They oppressed
the people grievously, so that they were glad to take refuge
in the dens and caves of the mountains. The Amalekites
joined with the Midianites, and they overrarf the country,
and destroyed the corn, the vineyards, and the olive-yards.
In their distress the people cried to God, when a prophet
was sent to reprove them for their sin. A judge was also
raised up named Gideon, of the tribe of Manasseh. The
call of the Lord came to Gideon when he was thrashing
wheat. The Angel of God said to him, "The Lord is
with thee, thou mighty man of valour." And Gideon said,
"0 my Lord, if the Lord be with us, why then is all this
befallen us ?" Then the Lord promised td be with him,
and told him that if he led the Israelites up against the
Midianites, he would smite them as one man.
Gideon could scarcely believe that all this was true, and
asked for a sign. He then went and brought a kid and
some unleavened cakes, which he put under the oak-tree for
the angel to eat. The angel asked him to lay them upon a
rock near by; which Gideon having done, the angel touched
them with the end of a staff, and immediately fire came out
of the rock and burnt the offering; and the angel departed.
Then Gideon overthrew the altar which his father Joash
had erected to Baal, and built one to the God of Israel.


When the Midianites came and encamped in Jezreel, the
Spirit of the Lord came upon Gideon, and he sounded a
trumpet, and called the children of Israel together to fight
against them. Before going he sought for a sign that the
Lord was with him. And he laid a fleece of wool on the
floor, and asked that if God meant to save Israel by his
hand, dew would be sent upon the fleece, but none upon
the ground. So Gideon waited all night for an answer to
his prayer. In the morning the fleece was wet, but the
ground was dry. But he asked for yet another sign, that
this time the ground should be wet and his fleece dry.
And it was so; for it was dry upon the fleece only, and
there was dew upon all the ground.
Gideon, being now assured that the Lord was with him,
gathered the Israelites together to do battle against Midian.
But God commanded him that he should take but few with
him, that the glory should be His only. So-Gideon told
all those who were fearful and afraid to depart from him at
Mount Gilead. This caused twenty-two thousand men to
leave him, and he was left with ten thousand. But the
Lord said these were yet too many, and commanded that a
test was to be applied to decide who were to go with him.
The army was taken to the brink of the river, and those
only who dipped their hands into the water and lapped it
like a dog were chosen. Those who had knelt to drink
were rejected, so that Gideon had now only three hundred
men wherewith to go against the Midianites.
Then God commanded Gideon to go down to the camp
of the Midianites and take with him his servant, and he


would hear something which would help him to be strong
and of a good courage. So Gideon and his servant went
during the night and visited the camp of Midian; and
they found the host to be like grasshoppers for multitude,
and their camels without number. As they drew near to
the camp Gideon heard one man telling his fellow a strange
dream which he had had. His dream was that "a cake of
barley-bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came


unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and over-
turned it." And the other man answered that "
doubtless his dream meant that Gideon the Israelite was to
come up against them, and gain the victory over them.
When Gideon heard this dream he worshipped God, and
returned to his army, and said to them, "Arise, for the
Lord hath delivered into your hand the host of Midian."
Then he divided his three hundred men into companies of
"a hundred each, and to every man he gave a trumpet, and
"a pitcher with a lighted lamp within it. Then he sent one
of these divisions to one part of the valley, and one to


another, while he led the third himself. And so they
marched quietly on in the darkness towards the enemy.
And Gideon said, "When I blow with a trumpet, I and
all that are with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on
every side of all the camp, and say, The sword of the Lord
and of Gideon." And when they did so, the Midianites
were startled by the noise of the trumpets and the breaking
of the earthen pitchers, and when they saw the burning
lamps it caused great confusion amongst them, and they
fought against one another in the darkness. And the Lord
made them afraid of the men of Israel, so that they fled
towards the river Jordan. And the Israelites pursued after
them, joined by numbers of their brethren, and followed
them to Mount Ephraim. And Gideon slew two of their
kings, the very same who had slain his own brothers long
before. And he came to Jordan with his followers, and
passed over, "faint yet pursuing." So the land had rest
forty years.
After Gideon's death the Israelites again forgot the God
of their fathers, and fell into sin. Then one of Gideon's
seventy sons, named Abimelech, wishing to be made king
over Israel, went to Shechem, his mother's city, and hired
men, who went with him to his father's house, and he slew
all his brothers but one, named Jotham, who escaped. He
then returned to Shechem, and his mother's brethren made
him king.
But Abimelech was at last punished for his wickedness.
Having come up against a city called Thebez, where there
was a strong tower, in which the people of the city had taken

'- __ ,_ uiii jLLLuu mi~i mi~iiiiii nrl lllli-- -~ .u.T~u~T T-i-''~^ -_ ---1 ii17i--- ____


refuge, he would have burned it, but a woman dropped
a piece of a millstone upon his head, which broke his
skull. Then he called upon his armour-bearer to draw
his sword and slay him, so that men might not say that
a woman slew him. And so he died. And at his death
the men he had gathered together returned every man to
his place.
After the death of Abimelech the Israelites were ruled
by several judges, and on the death of one of them called
Jair, they again became idolators. And the Lord was dis-
pleased with them, and allowed them to fall into the hands
of the Philistines. In their distress they cried unto God
and confessed their sin; but He answered them at first in
words of reproof, asking them if He had not delivered
them from the Egyptians and from the enemies they had
encountered in Caanan, and telling them to go and cry
upon the gods they had chosen. And they confessed their
sin, and the Lord was grieved for the misery of His
Then the Ammonites gathered together and encamped
in Gilead, and the children of Israel encamped in Mizpeh.
And the princes and people of Gilead longed for a leader
who would take them up against the Amorites. And they
bethought them of a valiant man named Jephthah, whom
they had formerly ill-treated, and who had fled from them.
And they asked him to come and lead them against the
Ammonites. But Jephthah upbraided them for having
expelled him before, and asked them whether, if he defeated
Ammon, they would make him their head. And the elders


took God to witness that they would do according to
Jephthah's word. So he went to the camp of Israel, and
took the command, and sent a message to the king of
Ammon asking why he made war against them. And the
king, who only wanted an excuse for going to war, said it
was because the Israelites had taken his lands when they
had come up out of Egypt. Jephthah sent back word that
it was not so. And the spirit of the Lord came upon him,
and he went forth to meet the king of Ammon; but before
going he made a solemn vow to God that if he gained the
victory, whatsoever came forth from his house to meet
him on his return should surely be the -Lord's, and he
would offer it up as a burnt-offering.
The army of Israel was successful, and twenty cities were
taken. And when Jephthah returned to his house, his
daughter came out to meet him with her maidens playing
on timbrels. And she was his only child. Jephthah, when
he saw her, remembered his promise to the Lord, and he
rent his clothes, and said, "Alas, my daughter !" and told
her of his vow. And she said unto her father, If thou
hast opened thy mouth unto the Lord, do to me according
to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth." She only
asked that she might be allowed to wander for two months
among the mountains lamenting her fate, along with her
companions. She went, and at the end of two months
Jephthah fulfilled his vow. Ever afterwards it was a custom
in Israel for the young women to spend four days among
the hills of Gilead lamenting Jephthah's daughter.

O .ct._ w--y^---- -7_ 1_


The Birth of Samson-He is called to be Judge-His
Death-The Story of Ruth-The Birth of Samuel-
Eli and his 'Sons-Samuel chosen to be Prophet and

SI HILE the children of Israel were again
servants to the Philistines, there lived
in Zorah a man named Manoah, of the
family of the Danites, and his wife had
no children. And the angel of the
---..-...... Lord appeared to the woman and told
her she would have a son, who was to
be a Nazarite from his birth (that is to say, he was to be
set apart for the Lord's service, and drink no wine, and
allow his hair to grow long), and was to help to free the
people from the tyranny of the Philistines.
The angel also appeared to Manoah, and revealed the
same thing to him. And he offered a kid upon a rock as
a burnt-offering; and when the flame went up from the
altar the angel ascended in the flame. And Manoah was
afraid, and said, We have seen God." When the son was
born to Manoah and his wife, they named him Samson; and


he grew and was blessed of the Lord. When he was of
age he went to Timnath, and saw there a Philistine woman
whom he wished to make his wife. And he told his father
and mother, who were displeased at his choice. But they
went down to Timnath with him to see the woman, and on
their way a young lion roared at Samson, and the Lord
gave him strength to slay the lion as easily as if it had been
a kid, without any weapon save his hands. On going down
after a time to Timnath to take the woman to wife, he
turned aside to look at the carcase of the lion, when he
saw that a swarm of bees had made honey there. So he
took a piece of the honeycomb in his hands, and walked
down eating it. He also gave some to his father and
mother, but did not tell them where he had got it. At the
marriage-feast at Timnath he gave his guests a riddle, and
said that whoever answered it before the seven days of the
feast were ended was to receive thirty suits of clothing;
and if they could not answer it, then they were to give him
thirty suits of clothing. The riddle was : "Out of the eater
came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweet-
ness." The Philistines could not expound the riddle, and
on the seventh day they came to Samson's wife and
threatened to burn her and all her relations unless she got
the explanation from her husband, and declared it to them.
Samson, in answer to her inquiry, did not tell her at first;
but when she wept and entreated him he did so. And she
at once told it to the Philistines. So on the last day of the
feast they pretended they had discovered the riddle; but
Samson knew his wife must have told them. In order to


get the thirty suits of clothing for. the Philistines, Samson
went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men there, and
brought away their garments.
At the time of wheat-harvest Samson went again to Tim-
nath to visit his wife, and took a kid with him. But he was
told that she was his wife no longer, and that she had been
given to another man. So Samson was angry, and catch-

I (i-I
,.. <-,, *

k -


ing three hundred foxes, he tied blazing pieces of wood
to their tails, and let them loose among the corn of the
Philistines. And the corn was all burned up, as well as the
grape-vines and the olive-trees. When the Philistines dis-
covered that Samson had done this, they took his wife and
her father, and burned them with fire. Samson told them
he would be avenged of them, and he slew them with a


great slaughter. And afterwards he went to live on a rock
called Etam.
Then the Philistines came to Etam to take him, and
alarmed the Israelites, who asked Samson why he had slain
the Philistines. And Samson replied, "As they did unto
me so have I done unto them." And the Israelites took
him and bound him with two new cords, and gave him up
to the Philistines; but when he was brought to their camp
he snapped the cords as if they had been thread. And
finding the jawbone of an ass, he took it and slew a thousand
men of the Philistines with it. After he had thrown the
bone away he felt thirsty, and the Lord clave a hollow
place in the jaw-bone, and there came out water; so he
drank and was refreshed.
After this Samson went to a city of the Philistines called
Gaza, and entered the house of a woman named Delilah.
When the people knew that he was in their city they shut
the gates, and said they would kill him in the morning.
But Samson rose up at midnight, and finding the gates
shut, he pulled up the two gate-posts, and bore the gates
to a hill near the city. Then the Philistines went to
Delilah, and asked her to find out wherein Samson's great
strength lay, that they might take him and do as they
pleased with him. Samson told Delilah that if he were
bound with seven green twigs he would not be able to break
through them. So he allowed her to bind him with seven
green twigs, and she said, "The Philistines be upon thee,
Samson." But he broke these twigs as a thread of tow is
broken when it toucheth the fire. Twice more he mocked


her, first by telling her to bind him with new ropes, and then
to plait his hair; both of which being tried failed as before.
At last he told her the truth, that he was a Nazarite from
his birth, that his hair had never been cut, and that if it was
shaven from his head he would be weak as other men. As
Delilah was a wicked woman she took advantage of his con-
fidence, and had his hair shaven while he was asleep, and
he was taken captive by the Philistines, who put out his
eyes, bound him with fetters, and made him grind in prison.
While in prison his hair began to grow again, and doubtless,
repenting of his sin, his wonderful strength began to return.
One day the lords of the Philistines made a great feast
to their idol Dagon, and being glad that Samson was now
in their hands they sent for him that they might make sport
for them. When he came, they set him between two
pillars of the idol temple, and both the roof and the inside
of the house were full of people, all the lords of the Philis-
tines being there. And Samson asked the boy who led him
to allow him to feel the pillars upon which the house stood.
Then he prayed the Lord to give him strength but this once,
that he might be avenged of the Philistines. And putting
forth his hands he took hold of the two middle pillars upon
which the house rested, and bowing himself, the house fell
and killed all the people that were on the roof and within
it. And so Samson died, after being judge in Israel for
twenty years.
At the time when the judges ruled in Israel there lived
a man in Beth-lehem-judah named Elimelech, with his wife
Naomi, and his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. There

: II



was a famine in the land, and they journeyed to Moab
to get food. There Elimelech died; and after a time
his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion, who had married Orpah
and Ruth, women of Moab, also died. When Naomi
heard that there was again food to be had in her own
country, she started to return from Moab, and her daughters-
in-law began the journey with her. But she was not willing
that they should leave their own country; so she advised
them to return. She kissed them, and they wept and said
they would not leave her. Naomi again told them they
would be happier in their own land, and that they ought
not to leave it. Orpah at last returned home; but Ruth,
although urged by her, clave unto her, and said, "Entreat
me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee;
for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I
will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God
my God: where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be
buried: the Lord do so to me, and more also, if ought but
death part thee and me." Naomi seeing that Ruth was
steadfast left off speaking to her, and they journeyed
And they came to Beth-lehem at the time of barley-har-
vest; and as they were poor, Ruth went to the fields to glean
after the reapers, and it so happened that the field to
which she went, belonged to Boaz, a kinsman of Elime-
lech's. Boaz came out into the field, and seeing a stranger
gleaning, he asked who she was. The reapers told him that
this was Ruth, the daughter-in-law of Naomi, who had come
with her from Moab. Then Boaz spoke kindly to her, and



told her to remain in that field and glean, and also invited
her to share the refreshments along with the reapers. Ruth
bowed low in acknowledgment, and thanked him for his
kindness. Boaz told her that he had heard of all she
had done to her mother-in-law, and said, "The Lord
recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of
the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come
to trust."
The kindness of Boaz did not end here. He told his
young men to allow her to glean even among the sheaves,
where the corn was thickest on the ground, and also to let
fall some handfuls on purpose for her. In the evening Ruth
carried home to Naomi what she had been gleaning, and
told her in whose field she had been gathering the corn, and
how well she had been treated. When Naomi heard this,
she told Ruth that Boaz was a friend of Elimelech's her
father-in-law. So Ruth gleaned in the fields of Boaz all
the time of barley-harvest and wheat-harvest; and when the
reaping and thrashing were over Naomi bade her go and
tell Boaz that she was a relative of his, for according to
Jewish custom, being her nearest of kin, he ought to care
for her. Boaz received her kindly, and sent her back to
Naomi with the promise that it would be well with her.
That day Boaz went to the city-gate and waited, and he
stopped a near kinsman of Elimelech's, and then asked ten
chief men of the city to come and listen to what he had to
say. Boaz told this kinsman how Naomi had returned from
Moab, and wished to sell some land that belonged to her
late husband, and as he was a kinsman he should have the

_______ _---------- --


first chance of buying it. The man was willing to buy the
land, but when he heard that he must also marry Ruth he
refused. So Boaz said he was willing both to purchase the
land and to marry Ruth; and he asked the ten elders to
witness the bargain. And thus the dutiful and affectionate
Ruth was richly provided for. Boaz and Ruth lived at
Beth-lehem, and they had a son born to them called Obed;
and the son of Obed was Jesse, and Jesse was the father
of David, the sweet singer and the second king of Israel.
While Samson was judge in Israel there lived in Mount
Ephraim a man called Elkanah, and his wife Hannah had
no children. And she came to the Tabernacle to pray;
and Eli, the high priest, seeing her lips moving but uttering
no sound, thought she was overcome with strong drink. But
Hannah answered, "No, my lord; I am a woman of a
sorrowful spirit, and have poured out my heart before the
Lord." Then Eli bade her go in peace, and said, "The
God of Israel grant thee the petition thou hast asked of
Him." The request that Hannah had made in prayer was
that she might have a son; and she vowed if God should
grant her request that her son would be dedicated to the
service of the Lord.
And a son was born to Hannah in answer to her prayer,
and she called his name Samuel, which means, Asked of
the Lord." When the child was still young she took him,
with an offering for a sacrifice, to Shiloh, where the Taber-
nacle was, to render thanks to God, who had heard
her prayer. And she told Eli why she had come, and
left her child there with him to serve in the Tabernacle.


And the child Samuel was dressed in the linen garment
worn by those who served there, and God was with him.
And one day there came a man of God unto Eli, the
high priest, to reprove him because of the wickedness of
his sons, and because he had not punished them for their
evil ways. And it was told him that the judgment of God
would come upon them, for they would both die in one
day, and not one of his family would succeed him in the

priesthood. A faithful priest was to be raised up to
succeed him, who would walk before the Lord for ever.
One night while the child Samuel waited upon Eli, a
voice called him, and thinking it was that of the high
priest, he answered, ." Here am I," and ran to him, saying,
" Here am I; for thou calledst me." Eli told him to go
and lie down, as he did not call him. Twice again Samuel
heard the voice, and went to Eli, when the high priest at
last saw that it was the Lord who had been calling Samuel.
He therefore told him to go and lie down; and if he
heard the voice again he was to answer, "Speak, Lord;


for thy servant heareth." So Samuel went and lay down
in his place. And the Lord came and stood, and called as
at other times, Samuel, Samuel." Then Samuel answered,
"Speak; for Thy servant heareth." And God spake to
Samuel, and told him of the great punishment He was
about to bring upon Eli's sons. Samuel lay until the
morning; and when Eli asked him what the message of
the Lord had been, Samuel unwillingly told him all the
truth. And Eli, with resignation said, It is the Lord; let
Him do what seemeth Him good." After this Samuel
grew, and the Lord was with him, and it became known
that he had been chosen to be a prophet of the Lord.
About this time the Israelites went out against the
Philistines to battle, and they were smitten, and about four
thousand of them were slain. The elders of Israel won-
dered when the army came back to the camp why the Lord
had not given them the victory, and they brought out the
Ark of the covenant from Shiloh, that it might save them
from their enemies. And the Ark was taken, and Eli's
two sons Hophni and Phinehas, who were with it, were
amongst the slain. Then a messenger ran from the camp
to Shiloh, and found Eli sitting by the wayside to hear
news of the battle. When the messenger told him of the
death of his sons, and that the Ark of God was in the hands
of the enemy, Eli fell backward from the seat where he was
sitting, and his neck was broken, so that he died. Eli had
judged Israel forty years, and was ninety-eight years old
when he died.
Then the Philistines carried the Ark away to Ashdod, a