Title: Letter to Mr. Dan Boger
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00051314/00001
 Material Information
Title: Letter to Mr. Dan Boger
Alternate Title: Letter to Mr. Dan Boger responding to his inquiry about possible effects upon his well and Lake Allen as result of pumping from the new St. Petersburg well field under construction.
Physical Description: 3p.
Language: English
Publication Date: Dec. 9, 1969
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
General Note: Box 3, Folder 2 ( SWFWMD (R) HISTORY - LAWS, RULES FIRST ORDERS - B3F2 ), Item 3
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00051314
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

l Ta ter IS anage en Distriot
\196 \

S .. ,-/t' DERRILL McATEER, Chairman, Brooksville JOHN A. ANDERSON, Treasurer, St. Petersburg DAVID HIPP, Williston
', A. M. PICKARD, Vice Chairman, Lakeland HERMAN BEVILLE, Bushnell PAUL F. HUBBARD, Oklawaha
EDWARD MEDARD, Secretary, Tampa S. C. BEXLEY, JR., Land O'Lakes BOYCE A. WILLIAM, Leesburg
P"' Dale Twachtmann, Executive Director

December 9, 1969 | --

1^ r ; !.t J

Mr. Dan Boger
Route 1, Box 232
Lutz, Florida 33549

Dear Mr. Boger:

Thank you for your letter of December 1st inquiring about the possible
effects upon your well and Lake Allen as a result of pumping from the new
St. Petersburg well field now being constructed. Mr. Twachtmann and I
have discussed the situation and the following expresses our official views.

The effects upon individual wells and lakes, unfortunately, cannot be fore-
told because of local variations in the geology which affect the hydrology,
and also because of variations in distance from the well field. Doubtless
you already know that some lakes in the Van Dyke area were totally un-
affected by the pumping from the Section 21 wells, whereas others were
affected to greater or lesser extent; and the same thing happened to wells
in the area. Some lakes, such as Starvation, apparently responded quick-
ly and effectively to the pumping, whereas an unnamed lake in Section 21
adjacent to the rodeo site did not respond to the pumping at all. Starvation
Lake probably has a permeable floor, thus water from the lake drained
into the subjacent pumped aquifer, whereas the unnamed lake appears to
have an impervious floor, therefore, is unaffected by the pumping. Such
lakes are known as "perched" lakes, sitting above and insulated from the
regional artesian water level.

We may expect that similar conditions occur in your area. That is, all
degrees of permeability and impermeability exist both in the aquifer and
in the lake floors. Thus, if Lake Allen has a permeable floor, it may
respond to the pumping of the new well field but if it has an impermeable
floor, it will not respond. No one knows at present what its condition is.
There is, however, a greater likelihood of individual private wells re-
sponding than of individual lakes. The permeability distribution is much
more nearly uniform from point to point within the artesian aquifer than
...-..-. itis from the aquifer to the lakes. And, as indicated earlier, there appears
to be no connection from some lakes to the aquifer.

Now, in answer to what we are doing and can do about it: since St. Peters-
burg first announced its intention to develop the new well field, we have

Building a modem Ark The "Four River Basins, Florida" project ....-.-

Mr. Dan Boger
December 9, 1969
Page Two

kept in touch with developments and have warned city officials that a situa-
tion similar to that of the Van Dyke area might develop in your area. How-
ever, we were not properly staffed and organized to regulate any ground
water activities, including the development of the new Pinellas field. By
January 1, 1970 we will have this capability and, as of that date, we will
begin enforcing the Rules and Regulations. By that time, we suspect, the
wells will all be drilled. In this situation a decision will have to be reached
regarding the matter of whether to impose a pumping schedule upon the
wells that would be designed to prevent the detrimental lowering of lakes
and water levels in wells, or to impose other limitations that would achieve
,he same results.

In the meantime, we have been gathering data on water levels in the arte-
/ sian aquifer and the overlying shallow non-artesian aquifer (sometimes
called "the overburden") and also in many of the surrounding lakes.. Some
of the data we are obtaining is being collected by our own field officers
but most of it is being collected by the U. S. Geological Survey through a
cooperative water-resources study financed fifty-fifty by the U. S. Geo-
logical Survey and the Southwest Florida Water Management District. In
addition to water-level data, the chemical characteristics of the water are
being investigated and studied by the U. S. Geological Survey. Their find-
ings become published public data that define and establish a "base-line"
of conditions as they were prior to development of the new field. Thus, by
comparing water levels in, and chemistry of, measured wells and lakes
before, during and after pumping of the new field has begun, judgments
can be derived as to whether or not the pumping is effective in lowering
water levels or in causing changes in the chemistry of the water.

It would appear to us that if it were shown that pumping did in fact change
hydrologic conditions detrimentally and do damage to the property rights
of adjacent landowners, remedial action by the damaged owners could be
sought in the courts. We have so advised the City of St. Petersburg. This
action could be taken in addition to official action taken by the Regulatory

Now, on the other side of the coin, there is the need for water by citizens
of St. Petersburg, and in this respect they are no different from those of
Tampa, Miami, or any other coastal city which cannot develop its fresh
water from the salty water that underlies its area. Such cities must and
do seek water inland away from zones of encroaching salt water wherever
it is possible to do so. And where this happens the cities involved custom-
arily buy large acreages for their well fields and also buy the water rights
or water ownerships related to the purchased lands.

St. Petersburg has no choice but to go inland for fresh water. They have
bought the land on which the new well field is being developed and it will

Mr. Dan Boger
December 9, 1969
Page Three

be up to the courts to decide how much, if any, damages they must pay as
a result of taking water out of wells located on this land. This supposes,
of course, that actions we take to alleviate the situation should not be


Garald G. Parker
Chief Hydrologist

be: M. M. G. Gibbons
Ilr. L. M. Blain
Col. J. V. Sollohub
Mr. Robert Steytler, City of St. Petersburg
U. S. Geological Survey, Tampa
U. S. Geological Survey, Tallahassee

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