Front Cover
 Title Page
 The Cat
 Manx Cat
 Angora Cats
 Wild Cats
 American Panther, or Cougar
 The Hunting Leopard, or Cheeta...
 Royal Tiger
 The Lion
 The Lioness
 Back Cover


Cat family
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049084/00001
 Material Information
Title: Cat family
Series Title: Prang's natural history series for children
Physical Description: 18 p., 4 leaves of plates : ill. ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Calkins, Norman A ( Norman Allison ), 1822-1895
Diaz, Abby Morton, 1821-1904
L. Prang & Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: L. Prang and Company
Place of Publication: Boston
Manufacturer: Welch, Bigelow, & Co.
Publication Date: 1878
Subjects / Keywords: Cats -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Felidae -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- 1878   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1878   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1878
Genre: Juvenile literature   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Statement of Responsibility: classification by Norman A. Calkins and text by Mrs. A.M. Diaz.
General Note: Paper covers.
General Note: Publisher's advertisement on back cover.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001573604
oclc - 22975019
notis - AHJ7436
System ID: UF00049084:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    The Cat
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Manx Cat
        Page 5
    Angora Cats
        Page 6
    Wild Cats
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    American Panther, or Cougar
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    The Hunting Leopard, or Cheetah
        Page 13
    Royal Tiger
        Page 14
        Page 15
    The Lion
        Page 16
    The Lioness
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Cover 3
        Cover 4
Full Text


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THE CAT. window, for instance, he would
As Cousin Kate and Tiptoes and probably break his bones. But the
Nannie and Fred sat looking at the cat is light for her size, and the cat is
" pussy-cat picture," as Tiptoes called flexible, that is, her body bends easily.
it, Uncle Willie came in, bringing It bends easily because the skin is
Nannie's gray kitty. Uncle Willie placed loosely upon it, and because the
wore his flowered dressing-gown, his joints of the backbone are so formed
tasselled cap, and a long red scarf that this backbone can be curved in
around his waist, any direction. Another reason why
Ladies and gentlemen," said he, the cat falls lightly is that her feet
" I am a brave and valiant showman, are elastic. India-rubber is elastic,
and I have come to show you one of you know. An india-rubbei ball does
the most remarkable and interesting not fall with a thump, it touches and
animals in the world. Its English bounds back. If the bottoms of our
name is Cat,but in China it is called feet were provided with thick cushions
the Miao.' To begin with, the cat made of india-rubber and velvet, and
is a beautiful animal. Look, gentle- if we were sure of coming down upon.
men and ladies, at her richly shaded our toes, we might dare to jump from
and silky fur; her slender limbs; her a high window, especially if we had
tail, tapering smoothly to a point! four such feet. The cat, having elas-
How easily she bends her body! How tic cushions on her feet, and four
lightly she springs! And how lightly such feet, and the faculty of alighting
she falls !" added Uncle Willie, as upon her toes, and a loose skin, and
kitty sprang down to chase a rolling a light, flexible body, is wonderfully
cotton-spool. If Tiptoes were lying contrived for jumping from high
on the floor, playing with a spool, he places.
could not move his neck and legs and I see that one of my hearers, Fred
arms in that graceful way. by name, is looking at certain red
In the next place, the cat is a scratches upon his hand. He is the
wonderful animal. Kitty jumped from same one who yesterday morning was
a place five times her own height. If inquiring how cats- which,as he truly
Tiptoes were to jump from a place five said, are always trotting about can
times his own height, -the chamber keep their claws so sharp. That is


another of the wonders of this won- teeth are long and sharp for tearing
derful animal. Its claws are retrac- in pieces, and she has strong jaws
tile. Retract means,' to draw back.' for crushing the bones. Did you
Pussy's claws are called retractile be- never notice the size of a cat's
cause they can be drawn back. Come mouth ? ".
here, pussy, and show your paws." It reaches all the way round her
Uncle Willie stroked pussy's fur, face," said Fred.
then took her in his arms and held Look at the large drawing, in the
up her paw, and showed how the claw left-hand corner," said Cousin Kate,
could be drawn back into its sheath, and you will see its shape more plain-
or pushed out from it. ly, and see how the upper and lower
We can see this very plainly in jaws are joined together. The front
the picture," said Cousin Kate. In teeth are sharp and pointed, for tear-
the lower left-hand corner the claw is ing meat from bones. You know what
seen, thrust out. In the right-hand little fine teeth kitty has in front.
corner it is drawn in." The back teeth are curiously shaped.
If the claws could not be drawn Ours, you know, are thick and solid,
in," said Uncle Willie, their points for grinding food. A cat's back teeth
would soon become dulled by striking are thin and sharp. The upper and
upon the ground and floor, for cats under ones, in coming together, work
usually step on the front part of the like scissors-blades, and so cut even
foot. Why need the claws of a cat the hardest meat into fine pieces."
be sharp? O, she needs them sharp "A cat could not grind her food
to fight with, in case she is attacked. with her teeth as we do, even if she had
She needs them sharp for clutching grinders," said Uncle Willie. Our
mice, also for holding on when she lower jaw moves sideways, but hers
climbs a tree for birds. A cat ought can move only up and down."
not to catch birds, you think; but "Does she smell with her smell-
she thinks they were made for -her ers ?" asked Nannie.
to eat. We have looked, you know, She smells with her smeller," said
at the Birds of Prey. The cat is born Uncle Willie, but her smeller is her
a Beast of Prey; born to prey upon nose. These stiff hairs .standing out
other animals. She creeps upon them on each side of her face are feelers.
slyly, she springs upon them, she These make another wonder of my
devours them. wonderful animal. You cannot imag-
Think how well fitted is the cat ine how delicate are these hairs. Each
for all this. With her claws drawn one has at its root four or five nerves
in she can step very softly on those which go to the brain and let the cat
cushioned feet, and move without be- know when she is near an object, and
ing heard. Her pointed ears, set what kind of an object it is. She
so as to open forward, catch every can judge by these if a hole or crevice
sound the creature makes. She has is wide enough for her body to pass
powerful muscles for springing. Her through.


I see," said Fred. The body is What is that funny thing in the
so much wider than the head and corner? asked Nannie.
neck, that without those feelers the "That is the magnified picture of a
cat might creep part way into a hole cat's tongue," said Uncle Willie. "It
and find herself wedged in and have shows you the little horny points
to pull back." which make it rough; you see they
And when she is stealing upon point backwards. In licking your
her prey," said Uncle Willie, they hand pussy draws her tongue in, and
help her to find a way through which so draws these points, point first,
she can pass without brushing against across your skin. By having a rough
anything that would make a noise." tongue, the cat can lap up milk fast,
And in a very dark night," said and can scrape bones clean of their
Cousin Kate, these delicate feelers meat. It is not only a lapper and
must help her to feel her way around a a scraper, but a comber. When she
room without running against things." licks herself, this rough tongue, with
"But I thought cats could see in its horny points, acts as a sort of
the dark," said Fred. curry-comb, and combs her fur straight
They could not see in a totally and smooth. Let me see; what else
dark place," said Uncle Willie, but shall I tell you of my wonderful ani-
they are not often in such places. mal ? "
Our darkest nights have some rays Please tell why she sleeps so much
of light; and here I come to another in the daytime," said Nannie.
of the wonders of my wonderful ani- Because she is awake so much in
mal. Please look me straight in the the night," said Uncle Willie. This
eye. That little dark spot in the cen- is a part of the wild which is left in
tre is the seeing part. If that were her. Wild beasts of prey always
taken out, I could not see at all. In prowl about at night to catch their
pussy's eye where is she? Jumped prey, and no matter how much a cat
out of the window ? Never mind; is petted, she is always fond of night-
just see above the cat in your pic- prowling."
ture the two drawings of a cat's I should like to know," said Fred,
eye. The right-hand one of those how long it is since cats began to
drawings shows the eye as it appears live in people's houses."
in the daytime, when light is plenty. "Nobody knows," said Uncle Willie.
The spot in the centre, the seeing "But we know that the ancient Egyp-
spot, is narrow, hardly more than a tians thought so highly of the cat
straight mark, up and down. At that they made her one of their sacred
night, when. rays of light are scarce, animals. For this reason, if an army
this spot becomes very large, that it coming to fight with them placed cats
may take in as many as possible of along its front, they dared not attack
these rays. The left-hand drawing those front ranks, lest the cats should
shows you the spot grown large and be injured."
round." In those very ancient times," said


Cousin Kate," rats and mice and other come by fright. Cats like some kinds
vermin were more plenty than they are of strong-smelling herbs, catnip, for
in our times, and any animal which instance, and valerian. Put a cat
would destroy them was looked upon into a bed of valerian, and she will
as a sort of protector of the people. roll over and over in it and almost
There is the story of Wlhittington, you tear it up by the roots.
know, which tells how he sent away There are cats which like music.
his cat in a vessel, and how the vessel I have heard of a cat which was so
went to a country where rats and mice delighted with a certain piece of music
were so abundant that they overran that she acted like a crazy creature
the king's dinner-table, and how the every time it was played in her hear-
king paid a great deal of money for ing. But one of the most wonderful
Whittington's Cat. things about this wonderful animal is
At one time, in England, the the faculty of finding its way home.
price of a kitten was fixed by law: I read the other day that in a cer-
so much before it could see; so much tain European city it is proposed to
after it could see and before it had train cats to work as carrier-pigeons.
caught a mouse; and so much after Thirty-seven cats were put in bags
it had caught a mouse. I have read and carried twenty miles from that
that in Holland the people make a city in the night, and before the same
business of raising cats in order to time next night every one was back
sell their skins, and they keep the at its own home. The question is,
cats on fish, because a fish diet im- How was this done ? "
proves the fur." A question no person can answer,"
If all the cats knew this they all said Uncle Willie.
would want to go to Holland," said Cats have a great deal of curios-
Cousin Kate. They are fond of fish, ity," said Cousin Kate. Take a cat
but, being afraid of the water, cannot into a strange house, and she never
go a fishing." rests until she has been into every
Mr. Showman, have you told us room. If a new piece of furniture is
all you know about cats ?" asked brought home, she examines it all
Fred. around."
I know this much," said Uncle I wonder," said Uncle Willie, if
Willie, that you seldom see a cat Nannie knows why her black and gray
run. She either walks or creeps or cat is a tabby cat? No? It is be-
goes by springs." cause she has stripes. Tabby means
I know that they like the softest striped or brindled. Cats are said to
cushions to lie upon, and a snug warm care more for houses than for people.
corner," said Cousin Kate, and I Cousin Kate shakes her head."
know they have power to charm birds, "' Please, Mr. Showman," said Cousin
for I have seen a cat do this. She Kate, "let me speak a good word for
looked steadily at the bird until he the cat. She has more feeling than
dropped. -Very likely he was over- is generally supposed. She shows a

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great deal of -love for her kittens, and cat would become uneasy. It would
she grieves for the loss of them. Cats jump upon the bed, utter sorrowful
often become attached to other ani- sounds, and lay its paw on the lady's
mals, even to dogs." lips."
0 yes!" cried Nannie. "Aunt I feel sure that by kind treatment
Hattie's kitties sleep on old Nep's we can gain the love of cats," said
back, right in his thick hair, and he Cousin Kate, "and that ly talking
lets them stay!" pains to watch them we shi.il il ,in
Believee" said Cousin Kate," that that they are very knowing., an. c,:un-
the reason why cats and dogs seem try folks say. But people tlreat.'thliiu
natural enemies, is because dogs have roughly, drive them,' scat' tlihim, hurt
been taught to torment cats, set on, them, take little pains to understand
as we say. I have heard of a cat them, and then complain that the cat
which used to let the dog in after he shows no love and is not an interest-
was put out at night. The dog would ing animal."
rap, and the cat would spring up and
strike the latch and open the door. MANX OAT.
The dog would walk in and lie down "0 CousIN KATE cried Tiptoes.
by the cat, and in the morning every- "Here's a poor little kitty with hertail
body would wonder how the dog got ut off "
in. At last the trick was found out. No, dear," said Cousin Kate," that
I have heard of another cat which kitty never had any tail. She is a
formed a friendship with a horse, and Manx Cat. Her home is on an island
used to sit upon his back. When he near England. The island is called
died she sat upon the body until it the Isle of Man, and the cat takes its
was buried, then crept mournfully name from the island. Manx Cats
away and was not seen again until are about the size of our cats, and
her own lead body Was found in a I never heard that they are different
hay-loft." 1 from our cats, except in this matter
And ni kitty.. me!" said of atail."
Nannie. The difference of a tail nmust be a
Certainly shi,- does," said Cousin great difference to a cat," said Uncle
Kate. When you are away she Willie. A cat without a tail looks
walks from room to. room, trying to stiff and awkward. How can a cat
find you." without a tail to wag show what her
"And when -I come back," said feelings are?
Nannie, "she jumps up in my lap,
If I were a cat without a tail,
and purrs loud, and licks my hands, I would stand on the roof and weep and wail.
and rubs her head on my shoulder.". Should a ship pass by,
"I know a cat story," said Uncle I'd vehemently cry,
Willie. There was a lady who suf- '0 goodly ship, spread all your sails,
"And speed away to the Land of Tails !
feared from severe fits of coughing. Return with a load as fast as you can,
As soon as she began to cough her For the destitute cats of the Isle of Man! '"


"Does the poor kitty know she of Tails' spoken of in Uncle Willie's
has n't any tail ? asked Nannie, half fine poetry said Cousin Kate.
laughing and half crying. "I think she is a beauty," said
"We may find that out when we Nannie. I wish I had a dear little
learn to understand the language of Angora kitty "
animals," said Cousin Kate, but not You would need to lay in a large
at present." stock of provisions," said Uncle Wil-
"I wonder," said Fred, "if the lie. "These Angora Cats have a re-
cats that have tails make fun of this fined and stately manner of eating,
kind ? and like delicate food, but their appe-
They do if they are like some tites are astounding. They have also
children," said Cousin Kate. Ia stately manner of walking. You
have known children mean enough should see one of these cats in mo-
and cruel enough to make fun of a tion. With its high head, and long,
poor child who had some defect in its white, silky hair and magnificent tail,
feet or its eyes or its figure. Let us it sweeps along as grand as a pea-
hope that cats are not so mean and cock."
cruel." "But she can scratch," said Fred,
The Manx Cat is a tabby cat," pointing to her claws.
said Fred; she is striped." "Yes," said Cousin Kate. All
"That next one is tabby -a lit- the animals in this set of pictures
tie," said Nannie; "but it does n't have the claws of a cat, the feet of
look just like a cat." a cat, the jaws of a cat, the teeth of a
cat, the tongue of a cat, the sly ways
of a cat, the soft tread of a cat, and
ANGORA OATS. the cat's sudden spring."
"THAT is the Angora Cat," said
Uncle Willie; she comes from a place WILDCATS.
in the southern part of Asia called
Angora. The dogs and rabbits and "SEE Look! cried Tiptoes. "Bad
cats of that region are famous for cat!" He was pointing to the Wild-
their long silky hair. I have seen cat.
numbers of this kind of cat in France. You 're right, Tiptoes," said Un-
They are larger than the common kind, cle Willie. "A bad cat to meet in
and have higher foreheads and sweeter the woods."
tempers. They are good for pets, but Do we have cats like that in our
not good mouse-catchers." woods?" asked Nannie.
"No," said Fred, a cat with all "Not in any woods near us," said
that fur on, and that heavy tail to Uncle Willie, but they are found in
carry, can't be very spry to jump. the forests of the West, and among
Miss Angora might give Manxy part the mountains of the United States,
of her tail and still have plenty left." and in Canada, in places where the
"She probably came from the' Land country is not thickly settled."


"Does the poor kitty know she of Tails' spoken of in Uncle Willie's
has n't any tail ? asked Nannie, half fine poetry said Cousin Kate.
laughing and half crying. "I think she is a beauty," said
"We may find that out when we Nannie. I wish I had a dear little
learn to understand the language of Angora kitty "
animals," said Cousin Kate, but not You would need to lay in a large
at present." stock of provisions," said Uncle Wil-
"I wonder," said Fred, "if the lie. "These Angora Cats have a re-
cats that have tails make fun of this fined and stately manner of eating,
kind ? and like delicate food, but their appe-
They do if they are like some tites are astounding. They have also
children," said Cousin Kate. Ia stately manner of walking. You
have known children mean enough should see one of these cats in mo-
and cruel enough to make fun of a tion. With its high head, and long,
poor child who had some defect in its white, silky hair and magnificent tail,
feet or its eyes or its figure. Let us it sweeps along as grand as a pea-
hope that cats are not so mean and cock."
cruel." "But she can scratch," said Fred,
The Manx Cat is a tabby cat," pointing to her claws.
said Fred; she is striped." "Yes," said Cousin Kate. All
"That next one is tabby -a lit- the animals in this set of pictures
tie," said Nannie; "but it does n't have the claws of a cat, the feet of
look just like a cat." a cat, the jaws of a cat, the teeth of a
cat, the tongue of a cat, the sly ways
of a cat, the soft tread of a cat, and
ANGORA OATS. the cat's sudden spring."
"THAT is the Angora Cat," said
Uncle Willie; she comes from a place WILDCATS.
in the southern part of Asia called
Angora. The dogs and rabbits and "SEE Look! cried Tiptoes. "Bad
cats of that region are famous for cat!" He was pointing to the Wild-
their long silky hair. I have seen cat.
numbers of this kind of cat in France. You 're right, Tiptoes," said Un-
They are larger than the common kind, cle Willie. "A bad cat to meet in
and have higher foreheads and sweeter the woods."
tempers. They are good for pets, but Do we have cats like that in our
not good mouse-catchers." woods?" asked Nannie.
"No," said Fred, a cat with all "Not in any woods near us," said
that fur on, and that heavy tail to Uncle Willie, but they are found in
carry, can't be very spry to jump. the forests of the West, and among
Miss Angora might give Manxy part the mountains of the United States,
of her tail and still have plenty left." and in Canada, in places where the
"She probably came from the' Land country is not thickly settled."


It looks some like a house cat," "Not unless I tried to hurt her.
said Fred," only larger and stronger." A Wildcat as a general thing will
"And coarser and fiercer," said run at the sight of a man, but if
Cousin Kate. Two and one half attacked, it is a furious fighter. It
feet long. I wonder if these figures springs in your face, and claws and
include the tail? Let's see what the scratches and bites; and the person
note-book says. It says it says who is fighting it will wish he were
that in the measurements of these playing another kind of play."
animals the tail is not included. So "Do people go hunting Wildcats?"
the Wildcat measures two and one asked Fred.
half feet from the point of its nose "Yes, they are often obliged to
to the end of its body. I suppose the hunt them. In some thinly settled
largest of our cats would hardly meas- places, near forests and mountains,
ure two feet." Wildcats come prowling around at
"Did our cats come from wild night and carry off poultry. When
cats?" asked Fred. the farmers can bear it no longer
Those who know best," said Uncle they muster large parties and go forth
Willie, say that our cats came not a Wildcat .hunting, with dogs and
from wild cats, but from the ancient guns. If you kill one Wildcat and
Egyptian cats. To be sure the Egyp- leave it on the ground, and set traps
tian cats must have been wild once, around it, you will be sure to catch
though so long ago that even the big a number, for the living ones, far
books do not tell us in what country and near, come to look at the dead
they lived, or what kind of wild cats body."
they were. There is one plain differ- If we could get a very, very wee
ence between our cat and the Wild- little just-born kitten of a Wildcat,
cat. Our cats' tails taper to a point, and let it stay with our kitties, would
The Wildcat's tail is all the way n't it grow up a tame one?" asked
alike. The hair upon it is so short Nannie.
and thick that it cannot taper to a "I should hardly like to try it,"
point." said Cousin Kate. "I read an account
"I wonder," said Nannie, "if the of one which some person tried to
Wildcat mews." tame. It used to spit and snap and
Yes, indeed," said Uncle Willie. growl, and set up its back, and make
"It purrs and it mews. Its mews itself disagreeable in many ways. It
sound like the screams of a child. I is true that this person might not
once heard these mews myself in the have known the best ways of taming
woods of Kentucky, and was just set- it, or might not have tried long enough,
ting out to find the poor lost child, or have had patience enough."
but some hunters told me I should
only find a Wildcat." LYNX.
"Would a Wildcat hurt you? "HERE is a wild woods animal
asked Nannie. which has sometimes been called a


Wildcat," said Uncle Willie, and is easily killed by a blow with a stick
his name is Lynx." across his back. Still, a Lynx would
When they were talking about the not be a companion I should choose
Manx Cat, Tiptoes amused the com- when going on a walk. He is not at
pany by looking for its tail on the all the companion a Western or Ca-
back side, of the card. He began to nadian farmer would choose for his
do the same with the Lynx. young lambs and pigs! The Lynx
It's no use, Tiptoes," said Cousin preys upon squirrels, partridges, rab-
Kate. That bit of tail is all he has." bits, wild- geese, and other game.
"Three feet long; just one yard," Sometimes he springs upon them
said Uncle Willie. He is a slimmer like a cat, sometimes follows them
animal than the Wildcat, and stands like a dog. A stream will not stop
higher on his legs. Do you notice the him, for he can swim. If he cannot
firmness and stoutness of those legs ? make out a supper in the woods, he
They are nearly half as thick through visits the sheepfolds and poultry-yards
as his body." and pigpens of scattered farm-houses.
We may know by his looks that But Lynxes are easily taken in traps.
he cannot move gracefully, like a cat," If they were not, there would be less
said Cousin Kate. Lynx fur in the market.
He presents a curious appearance "I was reading to Nannie this
when running," said Uncle Willie. morning," said Cousin Kate, how
"I once happened to see one run. Lynxes sometimes find ways of creep-
He arches his back and goes by long ing under and so coming up into a
jumps, bringing all his feet to the sheepfold which is supposed to be
ground at about the same time. With safely fenced in. The book said that
those stout legs and stout feet one time Nannie, you may tell the
cushioned feet, remember, for he is a story."
kind of cat he can leap down from If I can," said Nannie. Once
tall trees and not feel the shock. He there was a Lynx and he wanted a
has eyes so bright and piercing that lamb for his supper, but the lambs
it used to be said of him that he were in a very good place, and there
could see through rocks." was a thick fence all around them; a
To be sure! said Cousin Kate. high fence which the Lynx could not
" Sharp-eyed people are often called jump over, or if he could, he could
lynx-eyed." not jump back with a lamb in his
He does n't look as cross as the mouth; so he crept under in some
Wildcat," said Nannie. way and meant to pop his head right
It is said to be almost impossible up among the sheep, and so he did
to tame a Lynx," said Uncle Willie; pop up his head there, but an old goat
" yet he is more timid and shy than saw him coming out and butted at
the Wildcat, and shows less fierce- him with its horns and killed him."
ness. When attacked, he spits and There is one mark upon the Lynx
splutters and makes a great fuss, but which neither of us has spoken of,"


said Uncle Willie. "It is a small wild in the woods and having to look
mark, but one which I believe is found out for itself would naturally be a very
upon all kinds of Lynxes. Two small great deal stronger than a pet animal
marks, I might say,-two small marks which has its food provided and often
just alike, as plain to be seen as cut up into mouthfuls, even if the
weathercocks upon steeples." animals were of the same size; and
Do you mean those tufts on his the Ocelot, as you see, stands half a
ears?" asked Fred. yard high; that is, half a yard from
Yes," said Uncle Willie. All the ground to the top of his shoulder."
the Lynxes have pointed ears with We will take kitty's measure, and
tufts at the points." see what the difference is," said Fred.
I think his face looks almost just
OEL. like a cat's face," said Nannie.
Is he very fierce ? asked Fred.
"I SEE something I would like to In his native wood he is fierce
have," said Cousin Kate. "I would enough," said Uncle Willie, "espe-
like the skin of a beautiful Ocelot, cially if wounded or frightened. But
like that in the picture, for a mat to he is quite easily tamed."
lay before my fire." I should like to see a tame one,"
We should all want to put our said Nannie.
feet on it," said Uncle Willie. "There "It would hardly be safe to have
are big spots for my big boots and one about the house," said Uncle
small spots for your satin slippers, Willie. When I said easily tamed,
and spots still smaller for children. I meant that when kept in cages these
There 'd be many a spot and many a dot creatures become docile and show fond-
On a mat that came from an Ocelot." ness for their keepers. They like to
"The little bits of dots on his head be noticed, and in order to get them-
would do for Tiptoes to stand tiptoes selves noticed they will purr and rub
on," said Nannie. themselves against the bars."
How much handsomer the Ocelot "I know an Ocelot story," said
is than the Lynx said Fred. Cousin Kate. "There were once some
"The Lynx," said Cousin Kate, Ocelots kept in a cage, and Mr. Wood,
"looks stiff and stern and rough; he a gentleman who loves animals, went
has to face the blasts of the rugged to see them. At first they growled
North. The Ocelot is soft and beau- and snapped at him, but he made
tiful, like the soft and beautiful climate friends with them in this way. He
of his home at the South. He seems fed them with things they liked to
to have the grace and the easy move- eat, and every time he did this he
ment of our common cat, though he gave a low whistle. The Ocelots held
is larger and of course a great deal back at first, but after a while they
stronger." came quick at the sound of the whistle,
A very great deal stronger," said and allowed Mr. Wood to rub their
Uncle Willie. An animal running noses and chins. They seemed de-


lighted to get handfuls of grass. It a table! said Uncle Willie. Think
is curious, but most of the cartlivorous what blows those paws can give "
animals like a little grass now and A cat? cried Nannie.
then, and sometimes they will even "Yes," said Uncle Willie; there
snap up insects. Perhaps Nannie are theclaws peeping out,- pretty big
does not know 'what that big word ones they must be when spread,-
means. Carnivorous animals are and if the mouth were open, you
those which feed upon creatures that would see the sharp, catlike teeth.
live and move. Herbivorous animals It watches for its prey like a cat, it
feed upon herbage. Herbage is the creeps like a cat, it goes by bounds
various grasses and leaves which like a cat, and it springs like a cat.
spring up from the ground." It stretches itself along the bough of
"The Ocelot is very carnivorous," a tree and springs upon smaller ani-
said Uncle Willie. "It eats rats, mals as they pass by; or it hides
mice, moles, birds, and even fish. It itself in thickets by the margins of
is wonderfully quick and powerful in rivers, ready to spring upon animals
its movements. It likes to stand upon which come there to drink; or it
a log and snatch fish from the water strays away to a sheepfold and kills
with its claws. The one in the picture sheep at the rate sometimes of fifty a
.seems to be doing this." night! Its color is so like the color of
Its tail is not as tapering as the the bark, that when it stretches itself
common cat's," said Fred, nor as along the bough of a tree you would
thick and stubbed as the Wildcat's; hardly notice there was an animal
but it is pretty long." there."
Would a Cougar hurt a man? "
asked Nannie.
AMERICAN PANTHER, OR 0OUGAR. "Travellers tell us," said Uncle
THAT Cougar in the next picture Willie, that if a man will keep his
"has a longer one," said Cousin Kate, eye fixed' on a Cougar and watch all
" and instead of tapering at 'the end its movements, it will not attack him
it grows thick." unless it has been shot at or wounded;
"The Cougar's face does n't look then it is furious. There might be
so much like a cat's face as the Oce- some danger if it were ravenously
lot's does," said Nannie. hungry.. On the whole, I would rather
"It has a very small head and face meet Mary's little lamb, whose fleece
for so long an animal," said Cousin was white as snow, in the woods than
Kate. Five feet long, two and a a Cougar."
half feet high, measuring from the But it is said that a Cougar can
ground to the top of his shoulder. be tamed if taken when young," said
"That is just about the height of a flour- Cousin Kate.
barrel, or of a common dining-table." I was reading lately an account
Think what a spring can be made of one which was owned by the great
by a cat five feet long and as high as actor, Edmund Kean. It followed



him about hke a dog, frolicked like a "And all covered with rosettes "
kitten, and was so gentle that it was said Cousin Kate. I think I will
brought into the room to see visitors, give up the Ocelot-skin, and get a
Mr. Wilson tells of a tame Cou- Jaguar-skin instead."
gar which liked to jump in and out You could not get a larger one
of a tub of water. It was brought to among the Beasts of Prey this side of
England from South America. Cou- the world," said Uncle Willie; the
gars are American, you know. They Jaguar is the largest of them all.
were once very numerous and destruc- To find him, however, you will have
tive in the United States, and in the to go as far south as Mexico."
wilder parts of the country you find What a powerful animal he must
them still. On the voyage this Cougar be! said Cousin Kate.
made friends with the monkeys and Yes," said Uncle Willie; "his
dogs; but if sheep or fowl came within paws and limbs are tremendous. I
the reach of its paw, it was bad for have heard a great deal about the
them, very bad." Jaguar, from people who have seen
Why does this animal have two the animal and had their cattle stolen
names, Uncle Willie? asked Fred. by him. He can knock a horse down
Cougar," said Uncle Willie, is dead with a blow of his paw, drag off
short for Gouazouara, a name given the dead body, and, if need be, swim
it by the South American Indians. across the river with it. He jumps
It is called the American Panther, over high fences and carries off cat-
because its habits are like the habits tle. He attacks wild horses, buffa-
of the Panther, an animal which lives loes, sheep, monkeys, birds, fish, tur-
in Asia and Africa. It has been called tles, almost anything that has life.
the American Lion, because it is tawny He kills a fish by striking it with his
brown, like a lion." paw, and a bird in the same way.
Sometimes when a flock of birds rise
from the ground he leaps up and
JAGUAB. strikes some of them down.
HERE Nannie could not help laugh- In some places at the South there
ing at Tiptoes, who was touching the are large turtles which come ashore
spots on the Jaguar, and also touching and lay their eggs in the sand. The
its teeth and drawing back his finger Jaguar watches from behind some
quick, as if afraid of being bitten. bushes, springs upon the turtle, turns
O, would n't the skin of that one it over upon its back, uncovers the
make a pretty mat? cried Nannie. eggs, eats them, and finishes his din-
Six feet long! said Cousin Kate. ner upon the turtle. Like all the cat
"A mat of that length might be called family, he gets his prey by watching
a rug." and springing and pouncing. He
It would be more than long enough has a quick way of killing an animal
for me to lie down on," said Uncle and putting it out of its misery. He
Willie. springs upon its back, puts one paw


upon its nose and another upon the ing and was not hungry, so instead
back of its head, and by a sudden of flying at them, it began to play
twist breaks its neck. He is very with them. And I read of another
fond of monkeys. Sometimes in the Jaguar which ran out of the woods
as1. Southern forests the cry of the and began playing with two children.
Jn-aguar will I.be heard from the top of When some older people came in sight,
a high tree, for they are wonderful it ran back to the woods."
climbers. This will be followed by "A Jaguar which I read about,"
the.screams of frightened monkeys who said Cousin Kate, "was taken to
go scampering through the woods, England in a ship and was a great
leaping from' bough to bough." pet among passengers and crew. It
"I should think travellers would could perform many tricks, and was
be afraid to travel where Jaguars so tame that the captain used to lie
are," said Nannie. down by its side and use its body for
"If a number travel together there a pillow."
is scarcely any danger," said Uncle
Willit. "A Jaguar will not attack LEOPARD.
a man unless it is very hungry, and "THE Jaguar, the Cougar, the Oce-
even then it can usually be frightened let, the Lynx, and the Wildcat," said
away." Uncle Willie, are all found on this
"I know a Jaguar story," said Fred. side of the world. To find that ani-
"Once there was a man who met a mal in the next picture, the Eeopard,
Jaguar in the path. The man looked you would have to cross the broad
at the Jaguar and the Jaguar looked ocean and visit Asia or Africa."
at the man. Suddenly the man took "He is not as large as the Jaguar,"
off his wide-brimmed hat and made said Cousin Kate. According to the
a low bow, and said, I wish you a figures, he is nearer the size of the
very good morning!' The Jaguar Coi:,gar. and his shape is like the Cou-
knerw Int, what to make of this, so gar's. All three-have long: tails, but
he tu 'iiedl round and walked away." the Leopard's is: not thick at the end."
"H: saw something unusual and "The Leopard and Jaguar are alike
ias disturbed by it," said Uncle Wil- in one thing," said Fred; they both
e. We find this same thing in are spotted."
other animals; the horse, for instance, "Do you see no difference in the
is frightened at a goat-cart, or a ve- spots ?" asked Cousin Kate.
locipede, or even at a large piece of "Why -yes," said Fred; "I see
paper." that the Jaguar's spots have a dark
.. It is said that young Jaguars dot in the centre, and are larger than
frolic and play together like kittens," the Leopard's."
Pa.tmrkedi Cousin Kate. "And more clearly marked out,"
I read of one which played with said Cousin Kate. Some of the
dogs," said Fred. The dogs were Leopard's spots are broken around the
set upon it, but it had just been eat- edges. The. Leopard's skin is lighter

..-- . .

". -wora, A9- PAANTH ERar C OUG AR. & r-, -ri

wf-wCa J .- ..- -LEOPARD. Asza, andAfr&i .

Cat Family. LtaP .


colored than the Jaguar's, and his As a rule, he runs at the sight of a
limbs are slenderer." man; but if the man attacks him, then
But the Leopard is a cat, like all he is furious and very dangerous."
the others," said Uncle Willie, and Our teacher told us about a
a sly, spry old cat, too. His move- Leopard in a menagerie," said Fred.
ments are quick and lively as a squir- This Leopard used to frolic with a
rel's. His body is so wonderfully flex- lion that was in the same cage and
ible that he can bend it to the shape play with the end of the lion's tail.
of a branch, as he lies hid in a tree, Another Leopard used to put out its
or he can wriggle along close to the paw and snatch muffs and hats and
ground, like a snake. He lies down umbrellas and parasols."
in the tall grass of a plain where ante- "And smash them quick as a wink!"
lopes are feeding, and makes strange cried Nannie. And another Leop-
motions. He knows they have a great ard was so tame that it lived with a
deal of curiosity, and that they will family. It let the children pull its
come to find out the meaning of these tail, and when they had their naps it
strange motions, and thus save him used to lie down close by them."
the trouble of going after them. This was the Leopard that liked
"He has a way of cheating mon- lavender-water," said Fred. If an
keys. He drops upon the ground and essence-bottle were opened near him it
pretends to be dead. The monkeys almost set him crazy."
are so glad to see their enemy dead, "I know a story of a funny Leop-
that they come down from the trees ard," said Cousin Kate. "It was
to view the body, chattering and tame, and was taken care of by a boy.
screaming with delight. This feeling One day, finding the boy asleep at his
of delight changes to a feeling of post, it gave him a pat on the head
another kind when the old deceiver with its paw, which knocked the boy
springs to his feet. If he cannot get flat, and then stood wagging its tail
a monkey supper, he hides in the as if it enjoyed the fun."
woods and thickets near the rude vil-
lages of the natives and at night comes
prowling around, helping himself to THE HUNTING LEOPARD, OR
pigs, sheep, and hens. The huts of CHEETAH.
the natives are small and slightly "THAT Hunting Leopard you see
built; sometimes when goats' meat in the next picture," said Uncle Wil-
has been left hanging inside, the lie, is so easily tamed and so docile
Leopard will spring upon the thatched when tamed, that in some families of
roof, tear a hole in it big enough to the countries where it lives it runs
let himself through, and make a meal about just like a dog."
of the meat." Why, I thought it was a dog! "
"Would he if the folks were in said Nannie.
sight ? asked Fred. It is a curious animal," said Uncle
Probably not, unless very hungry. Willie. It is spotted like a Leopard,
I i l


its head and body are shaped like a old kings and emperors liked to gather
dog's, its nose is black at the end wild beasts about them. They thought
like a dog's, it stands high like a in this way to make themselves seem
dog, and stands stiff and firm like grand and rich and powerful. On
a dog. Its tongue and teeth and feet great days such as our Fourth of
and mouth and tail are like a cat's, July, perhaps these beasts, Lions,
and it hunts like a cat, but its claws Tigers, and Leopards, with their keep-
are not wholly retractile. You will ers, were brought out with much pomp
notice that its hair is not rich and and parade. One of these kings had
soft like the Leopard's; it is coarse- five hundred Leopards."
looking hair."
Why is he called a Hunting Leop-
ard ?" asked Fred.ALTIGE
"I suppose you remember about No animal that we have yet looked
the Falcons that were trained to hunt at," said Uncle Willie, "is so large
birds," said Uncle Willie. This and so powerful as the black-marked,
Hunting Leopard sometimes called full-whiskered animal, which stands
Cheetah is trained to hunt animals, there next to the Cheetah. Eight
and a good hunter he makes. He is feet long and three and a half feet
hoqded and then taken to the hunt- high, the figures say. In Southern
ing-ground in a buffalo-cart, or per- Asia, along the margins of rivers and
haps on an elephant. When a herd bays, in vast jungles which no man
of antelopes comes in sight, the hood can inhabit, lurks and crouches and
is taken off. The Cheetah spies the creeps the magnificent Tiger. He
antelopes, slips softly off the cart or is remarkable for grace and beauty
the elephant, creeps along close to the and strength and weight. His bones
ground, under cover of the bushes or are large and immensely heavy. A
the tall grass, and when near enough stroke of his paw will fell an ox; yet
to the herd he springs suddenly upon with all this he is as graceful and
one of the antelopes and brings it to flexible as a cat. He likes the jungle
the ground. The men then rush up for two reasons: first, because it is a
and give the Cheetah some food such good place for watching the animals
as he is very fond of, heads of fowls, which come down to drink; and second,
for instance, and while he eats this because that after eating he must him-
food they take away the antelope, self have water to quench his raging
The Cheetah then allows his hood to thirst. Those black marks running
be put on, and goes quietly back to his up and down his body help him in hid-
cart or his elephant." ing. For, running up and down, they
"The old Asiatic emperors kept look so much like the coarse jungle-
great numbers of these animals," said grass, that a Tiger might lie among
Cousin Kate. "I have read of one it in plain sight and still not be seen."
which used to go out hunting with a "A creature of that size and
thousand Hunting Leopards! Those strength, springing like a cat, would


make tremendous bounds!" said Cous- 'Tiger, tiger, burning bright,
in Kate. Travellers must stand in In the darkness of the night,
in Kate. hat immortal hand and eye
fear of him." Could frame thy fearful symmetry V'
"He would hardly dare attack a By symmetry is meant the whole struc-
company of travellers," said Uncle ture of his body."
Willie, though he might attack a But Tigers are often hunted and
single person; but people usually take destroyed by men," said Cousin Kate.
precautions when travelling among the "0 yes," said Uncle Willie, they
haunts of Tigers. At daytime they are speared, taken in traps, and shot
keep up a din of drums and trumpets, at from tree-tops."
and at night they build fires. All wild Don't they climb trees ? asked
beasts are frightened away by fires Fred.
and loud noises." "No, they are not climbers, but
The noises of the travellers fright- they are good swimmers and good
en beasts, and the roar of the beasts fishermen. And they can be tamed.
frightens travellers," said Cousin Kate. If taken young, a Tiger may be taTght
"I can imagine that there might be various tricks, and he often shows
sweeter music than the roar of a affection for his keeper."
Tiger. I have seen it described as The native priests of India know
being like the grunt of a pig, made best how to tame Tigers," said Cousin
twenty times louder." Kate. Some of these priests allow
It is not very sweet music to the their tame Tigers to come and go as
owners of cattle," said Uncle Willie. if they were no more to be feared
"At night, if pressed by hunger, the than dogs. They will even lead them
Tiger comes forth from his jungle and by a cord about the streets."
creeps with stealthy step to villages I know a very small Tiger story,"
and cattle-enclosures, searching for said Fred. Once there was a party
prey. The villagers hear his roar, of men and women riding through
and know that in the morning some- some woods in India, when all at
body's ox or cow or horse or sheep once they saw a tiger standing in the
will be missing. But it would be use- bushes at one side of them. They
less to go in pursuit of him. He is were terribly frightened. But a wo-
not only strong and fierce and sly, man leaned forward quick, and opened
hut swift. The word Tiger comes her parasol at him, and he turned
from a Persian word meaning, 'swift about and took himself out of sight in
as an arrow.' And even if the pur- a hurry."
suers came up with him they would "It was the strangeness of the
perhaps see nothing more of him than thing which alarmed him," said Uncle
his eyes. In a dark night his eyes Willie.
would glow like balls of fire. *" I should like to see that earnest,
"Mr. Blake, an English poet, begins whiskered face looking out from
some verses about the Tiger in this among the bushes," said Cousin Kate,
way: if I had my parasol with me! "


"I think his face looks- like a cat's roars all the more. In the daytime
face, just a little bit," said Nannie, he lies asleep in the dry yellowish
He is a kind of cat, you know," grass. It is hard to find him then,
said Cousin Kate,-" a kind of tabby for this grass is tall, and is just about
cat. the color of his tawny, yellowish fur."
"Let. me read you a description of
THE LION. the Lion's roar as described by Mr.
WE have found that the cat family Gordon Cutumning," said Cousin Kate.
incl des many animals. The Tiger He says-: It consists, at times, of a
is anong the largest and most power- low deep moaning, repeated five or
ful;- but the Lion, as you see by the six times, ending in faintly audible
figures in the picture, is even larger sighs; at other times he startles the
than the Tiger. The Lion is called forest with loud, deep-toned, solemn
the King of Beasts. Just look at his roars, repeated five or six times in
mane. None other of these animals quick sulccesioi each increnasingr in
have manes." loudness to the third or fourth, when
And none other have that curious his voice dies away ivn '14, muffled
tuft at the end of the tail," said Uncle sounds, very much reeh1i ling distant
Willie. In that tuft there is a stiff, thunder. At times,' he says,' a troop'
horny pricker. When the Lion is hun- of them may be heard roaring in con-
gry he lashes himself with this pricker cert, first one roaring, then another,
in the most furious manner. At such then another, and so on, like persons
times he is very dangerous. The singing a catch.'"
Lion has wonderful strength. For "The books say that the Lion is
him to knock down a cow or a horse more noble and generous than other
does not require a strong blow. A animals," said Fred. I read a story
gentle wave of his paw will do the in one book which told all about a
deed. His bones are heavy and hard. noble; generous Lio' that caught a
The bone of his foreleg is so hard, man and let him go."
thal if a bit of that and a bit of steel 4As far as I have found out by
e -striuck smartly together they will reading and by hearing the talk of
saike out sparks of fire. He prowls native Africans," said Uncle Willie,
alpit at night, hunting his prey, the "the Lion's nobleness and generosity
saie as other cats. If many hours are the most shown when he is the
'pnsf and he finds no prey, he places least hungry. If he is not hungry,
hig. mouth to the ground and roars. he will not take the trouble to kill
Thif smaller animals are so frightened any creature. If he is half starved,
at.The s..uind of his roar that they he will kill the first creature he sees,
stot out from their hiding-places, man or beast. If he is attacked, he
ritiu this way and that, helter-skelter, will spring upon the personwho attacks
and, some of them are sure to run him. If his Lioness has a nice little
directly in the path of the Lion. In brood of kittens, or cubs, as they
dark, stormy nights he roams and are called, he will fly at any person



L it

"Ua LIUN 2 ....& As- Z >.
.;; 's LiiON. Afica g Asia is i2w LIONESS. Afrz/and A
atFamity. Lpa


who goes near them. And so will she. of the cat family. Do you see those
The Lioness, at such times, is even horny points? If a cat's tongue is
fiercer than the Lion. rough, what must be the great tongue
of a Lion We were saying just now
that spoken words have great power
THE LIONEuS. over wild beasts. Mr. Cumming, when
"SHE is smaller, as you see, and hunting in Africa, came near being
has no mane. Neither the Lion nor attacked by a fierce Lioness. He
Lioness can climb trees, and it is kept her from springing upon him
lucky for the Lion-hunter sometimes by fixing his eyes upon her and say-
that they cannot." ing in a commanding voice, 'Hulloa,
"I wonder if the kittens mew," old girl! What's the hurry? Take
said Nannie. it easy! Hulloa! Hulloa!'"
"Yes, indeed !" said Uncle Wil- Words were stranger to her than
lie; the same as other kittens, only screams would have been," said Uncle
louder, but at the age of eight months Willie. Lions are like the other
they begin to roar. They are about wild animals we have been speaking
as large as a very big cat, and im- of, they are afraid of what is strange.
mensely heavy for their size. You A Lion will not attack a loose ox which
will be delighted to know that they has a halter swinging from its neck."
are born with their eyes open." If we look back and consider what
"Can you tame them?" asked we have been saying of these ani-
Nannie. mals," said Cousin Kate, "we shall
We must ask Cousin Kate," said find that they are alike in very many
Uncle Willie; she likes to look up things. The rough tongue, for one
that part of the subject." thing. Then they nearly all have the
"If Lions are taken young," said sharp teeth, the wide mouth, the power-
Cousin Kate, and properly trained, ful jaws, the pointed ears, the fiery
they will become gentle and even play- eyes, the loose skin, the soft fur, the
ful. They will jump through hoops retractile claws, the cushioned feet, the
and over ropes; they show fondness flexible body, the easy motion, the light
for their keepers, and also for other tread, the sudden spring. In almost
animals. I read a story of a Lion every one we find grace and beauty
which lived happily with a dog; when and strength. They go by creeping
the dog died the Lion showed deep and walking and bounding, not by
sorrow. running. They skulk under cover
If a Lion becomes so affectionate to watch for their prey. They hunt
that he wishes to lick the hand of his at night, gorge themselves with food,
keeper, the keeper is obliged to wear and sleep days. They are fond of
thick mittens, for one lick of the their young, and will fight to defend
Lion's tongue would tear the flesh. them. They are all marked in some
Just turn back to the large picture, striking way. I think that even Tip-
and look at that drawing of the tongue toes, after studying these pictures,


would know the skin of any one of at the door with hyena-steaks and
the animals here shown." hind-quarters of monkeys! Yet he
Some of the animals like per- must eat. So he wanders forth, hop-
fumery," said Nannie. ing to meet his supper in the shape
"And they almost all of them of some roving creature of the woods,
avoid human beings, and can be sub- just as the cat hopes to meet some
dued by human beings," said Cousin roving mouse of the pantry. To be
Kate. "I have heard that even a sure, I should rather be out of the way
wild beast in a cage will turn its head when he is looking for his supper, and
away to avoid the steady gaze of the it is a comfort to know that these
human eye. But to me, the most in- magnificent but terrible animals are
teresting thing of all is, that these growing less and less in number. As
animals, fierce as they are, have a human beings take possession of the
kindly side; that when tamed they earth and build towns and cities, wild
become docile, and show affection for beasts slink away to the deep forests,
those who have the care of them." or to such regions as are unfit for the
And what we call their fierce- dwelling-places of man."
ness," said Uncle Willie, is usually
either their way of defending them- After the talk was over Fred ex-
selves or their way of getting some- claimed, "Just think, Nannie, your
thing to eat. A wild beast cannot sit kitty has Lions and Tigers for her
in his den and have market-carts stop near relations!"




Superintendent of Priaryl Schoo is iN New Fork City,
FAe Author of" r her William Henry Letters'' ete.

This Series of Juveniles consists of a number of volumes treating of the
habits and peculiar characteristics of Birds and Quadrupeds in a manner
interesting to children.
The works already published in this Series are as follows:-

Swimming Birds, Birds of Prey,
With Thirteen Colored Illustrations. With Thirteen Colored Illustrations.

Wading Birds, Cat Family,
With Thirteen Colored Illustrations. With Thirteen Colored Illnatrations.

Scratching Birds, Cow Family,
or Gallinaccous Birds. or Holloir-horned Ruminants,
With Thirteen Colored Illustrations. With Thirteen Colored Illustrations.


L. PRANG & CO., Publishers, Boston.

~r .;