U.S.IDept. of A2t=griQttre,
Vashington, D.C. & 'i
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 5 AUGUST 18, 1930 No. 5
FLORIDA AND LATIN AMERICA
By T. J. BROOKS, Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture
SLORIDA should keep in close touch with
Latin America. It would be as short-
sighted not to do so as it would have
been for the Pilgrim Fathers to have lost
all connection with Europe. The trend of in-
crease in volume and value of the foreign com-
merce of this country is in favor of the Latin
American states. From 1927 exports to Brazil
increased 6.14% ; to Argentina, 3.8% ; to Chile,
3.0% ; to Venezuela, 4.7%.
In our trade with the west coast of South
America the ratio of their exports to the United
States rose from 8% of their total in 1901 to
35% in 1926. In the case of Mexico and the
West Indies it reached 69 %.
Our average exports to Latin America for
the three-year period of 1903-1905, inclusive,
amounted to $182,000,000. In 1914 this was
$282,000,000; in 1923 they mounted to $678,-
000,000; in 1925, $814,000,000; in 1926,
Comparatively a small proportion of this vast
trade passes through Florida ports, one of the
prime reasons being the lack of shipping ser-
vice between Florida ports and those of Latin
Our ten leading articles of export to Latin
Cotton lint products ..........
A utom obiles .......................
Grains and grain products.....
M eats and lard....................
Petroleum products ...........
Tractors and trucks ...............
Lum ber ..................................
C o a l ........... .......... ..........
G as and fuel oil......................:.
Leather and leather goods .....
Latin America has half the population that
Anglo-Saxon America has and more square
miles of territory.
No part of North America east of the Missis-
sippi is as near Latin America as FLORIDA.
Below is an instance of what may be expected
and will be accomplished if we are wide awake
in availing ourselves of the opportunities that
will present themselves as the commercial in-
terchange between the two Americas develops
in the years to come.
(Florida Times-Union, July 18)
Jacksonville's municipal docks and terminals
yesterday landed one of the most attractive
pieces of business in their history.
City Commissioner Ernest E. Anders, in
charge of the docks and terminals, received
word from Chicago that the International Har-
vester Company has agreed to send all of its
mammoth export trade to South America
through the port of Jacksonville.
The International Harvester Company's an-
nual shipments to South American countries run
into enormous figures, and its business will
mean thousands of dollars for the municipal
docks and terminals, it was pointed out.
Heretofore, practically all of the company's
South American business has been handled
through the port of New Orleans.
Commissioner Anders was highly gratified
over securing the business for Jacksonville and
for the docks and terminals. The International
Harvester Company has been on the prospec-
tive list of the docks and terminals for several
Several weeks ago Mr. Anders sent Bradley
Kennelly, superintendent, on a trip to northern
points for the expressed purpose of securing
new business. One of the prospective clients
was the Harvester Company. Yesterday Mr.
Anders received a wire from Mr. Kennelly, say-
ing: "We have secured assurance of the Inter-
national Harvester Company to handle their
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
shipments for South America and some other
points. This is a most attractive account."
"We have been trying to get the International
Harvester Company to do business with us for
some time," Mr. Anders said. "The fact that
they have selected Jacksonville as the port
through which to send their South American
shipments speaks well of Jacksonville as a port
and as a strategic shipping point on South and
Latin American trade lines."
Before he returns to the city, Mr. Kennelly
hopes to secure assurances of several other
large blocks of business, Mr. Anders announced.
Efforts will be pushed to increase the business
of the docks and terminals as rapidly as pos-
sible, he added.
Landing of the Harvester Company business
comes on the heels of an announcement made
Tuesday by Mr. Anders that the docks and ter-
minals are now enjoying one of the most pros-
perous periods in their history.
THE FRUIT BASKET
(Pensacola Journal, July 31, 1930)
Dr. H. H. Hume of the Glen St. Mary Nurseries made
the prediction some years ago that west Florida might
easily become this country's big fruit basket. That was
during the last Interstate Fair held in Pensacola, shortly
after the World War.
Since that time fruit-growing has made tremendous
strides in the northwestern section of the state, and
especially in those countries that comprise what is gen-
erally spoken of as "West Florida."
First Jackson county took the lead and Graceville be-
came the greatest watermelon center in the world. Then
Chipley became a close second and DeFuniak and other
towns also began to make car shipments of melons.
By the time west Florida was proclaimed as the great
watermelon growing and shipping section of the south,
Crestview stepped into the limelight as the greatest blue-
berry shipping point and the "Rabbit-eye" put Okaloosa
county on the map.
Then Jackson and Bay and Walton and Escambia
counties began to make the Florida Satsuma famous, and
last winter Escambia county built its first Satsuma pack-
Now comes news of carload shipments of grapes going
out from the Seminole Plantations in Bay county. Over
100 tons of these grapes have been raised on the plan-
tation of 350 acres and are selling at good prices by car
lots, truck loads, and bushel measure.
Also, the Seminole Plantations have reported 10,000
gallons of blueberries shipped to market. And later
Satsumas will be shipped.
Marianna each year ships car loads of blackberries,
some fresh fruit and much of the canned products. Also,
Marianna is becoming famous for its plums.
Ensley and other Escambia county communities are
planning to make big plantings of strawberries, and
Escambia county may become famous for its straw-
berries. Just now its only notable fruit shipments have
been the ten cars of Satsumas that moved from this
county last year. But the grape crop has been good here
and some few growers are making money on blueberries
in this county.
Looking over west Florida, with its watermelons,
grapes, blueberries, blackberries, persimmons, Satsumas
and pecans-another good money crop-it is evident to
the most casual observer that Dr. Hume knew what he
was talking about when he said that this part of the state
could become the country's fruit basket.
But it will take not only quality but quantity produc-
tion to bring this to pass.
FRUIT FLY GUARDS WITHDRAWN
(Clay County Times, July 31, 1930)
For the first time since last July, automobiles could
come and go into Green Cove Springs and Clay county
without being searched for oranges, grapefruit, grapes,
tomatoes and other farm products.
From the Georgia line to Key West and from the
Atlantic to the Ochlocknee river in west Florida, fruit
fly guards closed their inspection camps today and quit
Guards on the highway to Green Cove Springs also
Fruit fly inspectors in the orange belts in central and
south Florida today quit peeping into the luggage of
tourists and other travelers who traveled by bus and
The bars have been thrown down for travelers as far
as the peninsula of Florida is concerned.
Rigid inspection, however, is still maintained along the
Georgia boundary and along the Ochlocknee river, which
has separated quarantine territory from northwest
Florida, where no trace of the Mediterranean fruit fly
was ever found.
End Inspection Now
Decision to end the inspection came about after a con-
ference between Arthur M. Hyde, secretary of agricul-
ture, and Governor Carlton at St. Augustine. Hyde spent
several days this week investigating conditions in the
state. He left for Washington today.
Fruit fly headquarters at Orlando, however, decided
yesterday to remove the inspectors without waiting for
orders from Washington.
Florida growers this fall will be allowed to ship un-
treated fruit to northern and middle western markets.
All territory east of the Rockies and north of the
northern borders of Oklahoma and Tennessee, which
comprises more than 80 per cent of Florida's citrus
market, will get fresh fruit.
Hyde told state growers that if improvements in the
fruit fly situation continued the ban on untreated fruit
in the southern states would be lifted soon.
More than half of the counties of Florida border on
salt water. There is not a county in the state but what
has more than a dozen lakes and three or four good sized
rivers. One county claims two thousand lakes and an-
other fifteen hundred, but of course the very little fellows
are called lakes in that county.-Florida Times-Union.
And judging from the tales we have heard, Columbus
has some fishermen who have fished in all of them.-
Columbus (Ga.) Sun, July 12, 1930.
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS............Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
AUGUST 18, 1930
GOOD AGRICULTURAL PROSPECTS IN
(Clay County Times, July 31, 1930)
In spite of temporary business recessions throughout
the country, southern territory seems especially favored
with excellent agricultural prospects and continuous
commercial activities. Reduced prices on many com-
modities have increased purchasing, according to bankers
and statisticians who add, as a further index to public
optimism, that travel records show continued interest in
vacations, week-end trips and excursions to a degree
which indicates every public faith in uninterrupted earn-
The spirit of thrift is evident, but the transportation
industry has well sensed this phase of public interest,
meeting it in the form of exceptional reductions in rail-
Response to this policy has been immediate for the
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, according to the local office
of the company. In addition to the seasonal excur-
sions annually offered by the railroad, this year it an-
nounced reductions of almost half the usual rate on
round trip tickets bought Fridays, Saturdays and Sun-
days in July and August. Although the rates apply only
to coach transportation, with tickets bearing a fifteen-
day limit, literally thousands in the territory covered by
the Atlantic Coast Line have taken'the opportunity to
enjoy a two-week vacation, a "trip back home" or even
a trip of only a few days, which the reduced fare makes
There has also been considerable demand for the
special thirty-day tickets, which cost slightly more.
"People have been quick to take advantage of present
rates," said a representative of the railroad yesterday,
"because these 1930 coach fares offer not only a money-
saving, but more rapid transportation, greater conven-
ience and increased safety. Little by little there is a
growing inclination to 'travel by train,' especially since
the publication of the fact that train casualties last year
were only 95 as compared with 31,000 who were killed in
motor transportation. People who are vacation-bound,
or who travel only occasionally, don't want to entertain
the thought of any danger. This very likely accounts for
a most gratifying response to the exceptional reduction
Travel, according to authorities, represents a $4,000,-
000,000 industry in this country. It is the expectation
of the big transportation companies that rate reductions
will so appeal to the public that the 1930 business of
travel may even exceed the four-billion figure.
JAXON'S NEW IDEA, ILLUSTRATED HERE,
WILL MEAN NEW INDUSTRY AND
(Jacksonville Journal, July 31, 1930)
A Jaxon has found out how to make a 1 -ton truck
do the work of a 3-ton truck.
He will tell a lot of other Jaxons and thousands of
truck owners throughout the nation how to do it.
In the process Jacksonville will get a new $60,000-a-
E. C. Bender is the inventor who has perfected a device
for putting four back wheels on the back of a truck
where only two grew when it came from the factory.
Addition of the extra wheels, Bender says, doubles the
capacity of the truck, saves wear and tear on the run-
ning parts and prolongs the life of the motor.
"And," continues Bender, "more important to Florid-
ians, the device may eventually reduce the taxes on
trucks. With our tandem arrangement, a 3-ton truck
does less damage to roads than a 1%-ton truck with
"Truck taxes are supposed to be based on the amount
of damage the truck does highways over which it travels.
If we can reduce the amount of damage, laws may be
passed, as they have been in other states, reducing the
taxes on trucks with tandem rear wheels."
Bender's idea is about 16 years old. He and another
inventor hatched it before the World War and obtained
basic patents. At the time Bender was chief engineer
for the Goodrich Tire and Rubber Co.
Now he has improved on the original plan, and is ready
to manufacture the connections, which make a very
simple operation the addition of two more wheels to most
any make of light truck.
The Six-Wheel Corporation of America has been
formed, and today incorporation papers were sent to
Tallahassee to be recorded.
Bender is president of this concern, and George B.
Hoffman, attorney, is vice-president and secretary.
Meanwhile, the Florida Foundry and Machine Shop in
Jacksonville has been contracted with to start produc-
tion on the new device immediately.
"Our annual payroll will amount to about $60,000 a
year," Bender said. "We will be strictly a Jacksonville
and a Florida concern, though before long we expect to
be selling our attachments to truck owners all over the
(Columbus (Ga.) Ledger, July 9, 1930)
Through the medium of the census of 1930 Florida
makes reply to charges that the state has lost popula-
tion as result of the collapse of the real estate boom, the
storm disasters, and financial troubles. With all but two
counties reporting, a gain in population of 479,100 is
shown, which equals nearly half the population of the
state in 1920.
We believe no other southern state, and few in the
east and west, can show a growth equal to that of Flor-
ida in the last ten years. It may be assumed that if the
state has made this remarkable increase of population
during the most perilous ten years of its history the
census of 1940 should give it at least 2,000,000 residents
as opposed to approximately 1,500,000 in 1930.
RESIDENCE OF DR. McMILLIAN AT PENSACOLA
RUTH BRYAN OWENS
(Athens (Ga.) Banner-Herald, June 27, 1930)
The appointment of Ruth Bryan Owens as one of the
American delegates to the Inter-parliamentary Union to
meet in London next month was a deserved recognition
of her worth, ability and statesmanship. Since her elec-
tion to congress by the people of Florida she has ren-
dered valuable service to her constituents, her state and
the nation. She enjoys the distinction of being the first
woman to represent this country at a gathering of this
kind. That she will creditably represent the United States
may be depended upon in the fullest. A daughter of
the lamented William Jennings Bryan, she possesses all
the qualities of her father that go to make up a citizen
who is held in the highest esteem and with confidence by
the people of America.
The President of the United States made a wise selection
in appointing her to this important post of representation
at this meeting.
HASTINGS-ELKTON FARMERS COMPLETE
ORGANIZATION OF ST. JOHNS
(Hastings Herald, August 1, 1930)
Proving that there is an actual enthusiasm looking
toward the diversification of crops in the Hastings sec-
tion, about thirty farmers attended the meeting last
Friday afternoon for the completion of organization of
a cooperative association for the planting and marketing
of farm products other than potatoes. The movement
got under way about a month ago with a meeting of
farmers at the Casino, at which time a temporary or-
ganization was formed, consisting of C. E. Ryman, pres-
ident, and John T. Scoville, secretary. Various com-
mittees were named at that time to investigate the possi-
bilities of the organization from all angles, organization,
production, marketing and finance.
The organization and committee on by-laws were ready
to report at the meeting held Tuesday of this week and
the by-laws were adopted by the farmers in attendance
at the meeting with a few minor changes. Following the
adoption of the by-laws, the meeting elected a board of
directors to serve during the completion of organization
and the receiving of corporation charter, after which a
board will be elected to serve for three, six and nine
years. The board elected Friday consists of C. E. Ryman,
L. A. Braswell, J. M. Campbell, Jr., Jas. A. Masters, Wm.
H. Scoville, C. W. Smith, C. C. Mathis, E. A. Simmons,
and E. F. Wolfe.
The board of directors held their first meeting on Tues-
day afternoon and elected C. E. Ryman, president; L. A.
Braswell, vice-president; John T. Scoville, secretary-
treasurer. The membership problems were discussed at
great length, and tentative plans for the organization
both during its formulative stage and after it really be-
gins to function. It was stressed at the meeting that the
association is not a subsidiary of any marketing agency
as presently formed, neither does it aim to wean any
farmers away from any of the selling organizations, but
is rather an organization to foster and assist in the
planting of a portion of the acreage now planted to
potatoes in other crops that can be profitably produced
in the section. Recognizing the financial condition of its
prospective members, the board made the membership
fees just as small as possible, consistent with the needs
of a new organization, setting the initiation fee at $6.00,
only one dollar of which must be in cash with the appli-
cation for membership. The membership contracts will
be ready for signing within the next two or three days,
and it is expected that the association will procure about
fifty signatures during the next two weeks.
That this will be a big thing for the town of Hastings
and its vicinity no one can doubt. There are no real
arguments in favor of the continuance of the one crop
system that has spelled ruin to so many sections, and
has proven such a disaster for Hastings during the present
year, and it becomes really a matter of just how to pro-
ceed and we feel that the movement under way is possibly
the best available, all things considered. It has the un-
qualified backing and cooperation of the Hastings Herald,
and of many of the leading merchants and commission
firms of Hastings, and with the enthusiasm shown by the
farmers in attending the meeting on these hot days, its
chances of success are unquestioned.
GROWING OF CELERY BACKBONE LOCAL
Territory Was First Important for Its Fruit, But
Became Vegetable Paradise
(Sanford Herald, July 31, 1930)
Although the Sanford and Seminole county farming
section today is regarded as one of the world's leading
celery producing areas, it was one time considered one of
the most important orange and citrus fruit producing
territories in the entire state.
The quick change from a fruit producing area to a
truck growing section is said to have taken place in 1895,
immediately following the "big freeze," which destroyed
practically every fruit tree in central Florida. After
this devastating blow the growers removed the citrus
trees from their lands, and began to cultivate various
kinds of vegetables.
It was not long afterwards that the farmers here real-
ized the possibilities of gaining success as truck growers
in a section wonderfully adapted to the production of
celery, lettuce, squash, beans, tomatoes, peppers, cab-
bage, and many other vegetables, which are seen grow-
ing for miles around Sanford today on farms that seem
to be green the year around.
At first the growers did not plant celery in great quan-
tities, according to records. At that time celery, which
is now the principal crop of this section, was considered
a luxury and was very little in demand, as it was enjoyed
only by the wealthy. However, in 1899 four cars of
celery were shipped to northern markets, and apparently
a very satisfactory profit was received, for it was not
long afterwards that other growers began planting celery
in larger quantities. Despite this seemingly bright future
for this product it was another five years before the
annual shipments reached a hundred cars.
In 1910 the shipments attained the unexpected number
of one thousand cars. This huge quantity, at that time,
was thought to be only a dream, as many did not receive
the cost of production that season. But the celery in-
dustry continued to grow until today approximately 7,000
cars are shipped from this section annually.
Seminole county is said to produce about one-fourth of
all the celery shipped in the United States, and more than
the entire state of California. Shipments are made to
practically every important northern market, and also to
points in Canada.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
DAIRY BARN, MILK ROOM AND ICE CREAM
Chief Milk Inspector of State Department of
Agriculture Says Quality of the Milk Is
Determined Largely by the Cleanliness
of the Utensils with Which Milk
Comes in Contact
The following article on improvements around the
dairy barn, milk room and ice cream plant, by John M.
Scott, in The Florida News, discusses in a most helpful
way a subject of such supreme importance both to the
producer and consumer of milk that the Review is repro-
ducing it for the information of its readers:
Improvements around the dairy barn, milk room and
ice cream plant are always in order. We will never
reach the place when we will have everything just like
we would like to have it. There is always something to
be done to improve conditions under which we are work-
Some dairymen are now installing radios in their dairy
barns for the benefit of the dairy herds. This may or
may not be essential to maximum milk production.
The time has arrived here in Florida when the milk
consumers as a class are demanding a better quality
product. If the dairymen are to meet this demand, every
effort possible must be put forward to produce a high
It may not be necessary to purchase a lot of new
equipment, but it may be necessary to use better methods
of production with the present equipment. With many
of the beginners in dairy work, some equipment will be
necessary. With some dairymen at the present time the
great need is for a cheap, economical dairy barn and
some method of thorough sterilization of buckets, bottles
and other equipment used in the dairy barn and milk
The designs for dairy barn, milk room and sterilizer
included in this issue of the Dairy News should be of
interest to a goodly number of dairymen and prospec-
tive dairymen. These designs are for cheap yet prac-
tical buildings that can be kept in first-class sanitary
condition that will pass the most rigid inspection.
The floors of the dairy barn and milk room should be
of concrete. The walls should be of cement plaster so
that they can be easily cleaned and kept in good sanitary
The question as to how many stanchions to have in
the barn is sometimes difficult to determine. Our sug-
gestion would be to build a barn with ten stanchions
for a herd of twenty cows, and with twenty stanchions
for a herd of forty cows. Due to the fact that as a rule
dairy cows are kept in the barn only a short time each
day, there is no need for a stanchion for each cow. By
milking the herd in two shifts, both the size and the cost
of the barn can be reduced fifty per cent.
The milk house is the most important part of the dairy
equipment. This includes the wash room, sterilizing
room or box, boiler and the room where the milk is
bottled and made ready for distribution. The quality
of milk is determined very largely by the cleanliness of
the utensils with which it comes in contact; hence the
necessity of a proper place and equipment for caring
for the utensils.
It is just as important that the herd be improved as
it is to use improved equipment and methods if Florida
dairymen are to continue to secure a profitable return
from their dairy herds. Improvements in the herd may
be made by better methods of feeding, that is, the use
of better combinations of feeds so as to reduce the feed
cost per gallon of milk produced. Another improve-
ment in the herd that must be made continually is that
of culling out the poor producers and unprofitable cows.
Milk Production in Florida
In his report to Commissioner Mayo, dated August 2,
Mr. Scott also furnishes some valuable information rela-
tive to the production of milk in Florida and the quantity
exported and imported. This report follows:
From October 1st, 1929, to June 30th, 1930, Florida
imported 104,552 gallons fluid milk. This milk went to
many places in the State. Miami used 32,709 gallons,
West Palm Beach 27,360 gallons, St. Petersburg 11,242
gallons and the remainder went to various other cities in
Dade county dairymen produced from October 1st to
June 30th, 2,383,881 gallons of milk. Dade county dairy-
men produced each month from October to May, more
gallons of milk than were consumed as fluid milk.
Duval county dairymen produced from October 1st,
1929, to June 30th, 1930, approximately 2,000,000
gallons of milk. Jacksonville consumed 1,917,959 gallons
and there was exported to other parts of the state and to
adjoining states 82,041 gallons.
Alachua county exported 116,563 gallons of milk from
October 1st to June 30th. This is 2,000 gallons more
than the amount brought into the state during the same
period of time.
Marion county exported nearly as much milk as was
imported into the state during the past winter.
Dade county from October 1st, 1929, to May 31st,
1930, manufactured 57,277 pounds of butter, 20,470
pounds of cottage cheese and 368,767 gallons of ice
creams and ices.
Five distributors in Tampa purchased from October
1st, 1929, to June 30th, 1930, 1,177,503 gallons of
Florida produced milk. The producer-distributors sold
nearly an equal amount of milk. The only foreign milk
in Tampa during the year was only 1,512 gallons during
the month of November.
Attorney General Davis Renders Important Opinion on
In connection with the above it will be of interest to
all consumers to acquaint themselves with a very defi-
nite opinion rendered recently interpreting the Florida
law relative to processors and dealers, by Attorney
General Davis, the exact wording of which follows:
"In my opinion, any person, firm or corporation who
receives, offers for sale, transports, prepares or delivers
for transportation or sale as milk processors or as milk
dealers any milk or cream is liable to the license pro-
vided by Chapter 13696. This idea is very clearly con-
veyed by Section 6 of the Act, and the mere fact that a
person, firm or corporation may be also an original pro-
ducer and the owner of cows, or even a dairy, does not
entitle such person, firm or corporation to buy and sell
milk as a dealer or to handle milk as a processor without
paying the license required by Section 6 of the law. It
is true that the license is not applicable to an initial pro-
ducer of milk and cream who confines his business to
dealing in milk and cream solely produced by him; at
the same time, however, there is nothing to prevent a
person from being under certain circumstances both an
initial producer and a milk processor or milk dealer, and
where such is the case, the license must be collected.
Under the old prohibition law, one sale of whiskey
constituted a man a liquor dealer, and on the same line
of reasoning one transaction in buying and selling milk
produced by another man constitutes the seller a milk
dealer, subject to the license provided by Section 6 of
FLORIDA'S BIG GAINS
Arthur Brisbane Says Nothing Can Interfere
With Immediate Growth and Gigantic
Ultimate Prosperity of Such a
State as Florida
(Marion (Ohio) Star, July 21, 1930)
Florida, like a boy with growing pains, has known
troubles. The worst was the inrush of real estate schem-
ers followed by crowds buying stupidly. That was a
greater calamity than any dozen assorted fruit flies. You
can kill fruit flies. You can't kill stupidity.
However, nothing can interfere with the immediate
growth or gigantic ultimate prosperity of such a state as
Florida, destined to be the permanent home of millions
and the winter sun parlor of many other millions.
E. D. Lambright, editor of the Tampa Morning Tribune,
wishes the world to know that in percentage of popula-
tion increase Florida comes second to California only.
Florida's percentage of gain is three times that of the
27 states thus far enumerated. For one that lost money
in the recent slump, hundreds will make Florida fortunes
in years to come.
CITRUS OUTLOOK FOR COMING SEASON
(Orlando Sentinel, July 26, 1930)
Unless some unforeseen event occurs, the citrus crop
of Florida will be approximately 22,000,000 boxes. From
California comes reports that the condition there is 95
per cent. This means that the citrus fruit volume will
be practically on a par with or in excess of season before
last and that only skilful distribution will keep prices on
a satisfactory level. Several phases of the situation de-
serve special notice.
First-This year there is a satisfactory green fruit
law, whereas in 1928 the early market was seriously hurt
by shipment of immature fruit in considerable quanti-
ties. Last season the new law worked admirably. With
the large crop in prospect, temptation to repeat the prac-
tice of 1928 and previous years will be great; and it is
incumbent upon authorities to see to it that there is no
evasion of the law this coming season.
Second-While the crop is unusually large, the fruit
quality is better than it was in 1928, the sizes being
larger and the percentage of brights higher. This is
particularly true in Orange and Lake counties, where
spraying and dusting together with unusual attention in
cultivation have put groves in the best average condition
ever known in this section. Better quality this year will
prove particularly advantageous should there be an un-
usual downward swag in the market.
Third-Two years ago the Clearing House had just
been organized and consequently was not in position to
function as efficiently in the matter of distribution as it
should in the coming season. The Florida Citrus Ex-
change is also in much better shape. This is a very en-
couraging feature in the situation.
Fourth-The bumper crop in prospect, coupled with a
heavy yield in California, should lead the United States
Department of Agriculture to lift every quarantine regu-
lation it can possibly lift. Packers from this section
should certainly be allowed to ship inspected fruit into
every area of the east and middle west without restric-
tion. In view of the heavy yield, it is to be hoped that
Florida can get into the eighteen states of the south and
west for the entire season; but it must be remembered
that those states, backed by California, are still appar-
ently extremely fearful.
Fifth-Another favorable condition at this time is the
increased number of canneries. These industries should
be able to take care of considerable quantities of lower
grade fruit and some of higher grades. Any volume of
fruit used by these canneries is that much done toward
stabilization of the market.
With the green fruit law rigidly enforced, canneries
operating to capacity, fruit quality above the average,
marketing agencies stronger and better coordinated,
quarantine restriction made as liberal as possible if they
cannot be done away with entirely, the outlook is very
good for Florida to obtain more satisfactory average box
prices than it obtained two years ago. It seems very
certain, indeed, that the total amount of money received
in 1930-1931 will be in excess of that for 1928-1929 or
TO PLANT 125 ACRES OF TOMATOES AT
Fletcher Brothers of Homestead Planning Ex-
(Highlands County News, July 31, 1930)
Further evidence of the activities at Brighton was
manifested this week by the announcement that the
Fletcher Brothers, George and Clarence, of Homestead,
will plant 125 acres of tomatoes at Brighton. All the
field equipment is on the ground, including the mules
and farming implements, and five cars of compost. The
seed bed is already established and 100 tons 6f fertilizer
have been ordered.
George Fletcher is the president of the East Coast
Tomato Growers' Association, and his brother, Clarence,
handles all the field operations and they have been among
the most successful tomato growers in south Florida for
the past 17 years. They use mass methods in their opera-
tions and these will be looked on with much interest
by other growers in Highlands county. They expect to
plant both fall and spring crops and they express them-
selves well pleased with the outlook for tomatoes in the
Brighton area and consider it has distinct advantages
over other sections of the state.
Their own man, W. S. Cooper, who has had 24 years
experience in the packing business in Florida, will have
charge of their packing work at the new plant, which
is in the course of construction at Brighton. They build
all their own shipping crates and ship under their own
brand name. All their work is fully organized and four
of their crew have been with them for more than eight
Their investment at this time, including seed, fertilizer
and labor, is said to be in the neighborhood of $15,000.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
EDWARDS DEMONSTRATING WHAT CAN
BE DONE ON MARION SOIL WITH
SHEEP, CATTLE AND HOGS
4,200-Acre Farm in Fairfield Community in
High State of Cultivation and Well Stocked
(Ocala Star, August 1, 1930)
A community well worth visiting in Irvine, in the
northeastern part of Marion county, where a crate mill,
employing approximately 125 people, of whom about 30
are women, is located. This mill is in steady operation
11 months of the year, closing down for the month of
July, to permit overhauling of the machinery and the
making of necessary repairs and alterations.
When visited the other day, the writer was guest of
L. K. Edwards, who besides managing the mill, is one of
the leading farmers of that section, his specialties being
black polled Angus cattle, Hampshire sheep, blooded
Hampshire hogs and reforestation of cut-over pine wood
Escorted by Mr. Edwards, we drove over his 4,200-acre
farm, extending well through the Fairfield community
and on every side saw scenes such as we seldom if ever
expect to see in Florida. In a small pasture close to
Mr. Edwards' country home, one of the best and most at-
tractive the writer has ever seen, with its broad well
kept lawn, its banks of flowers growing along the right-
of-way of the T. and J. railroad track, which passes in
front, we saw his registered Jersey milk cows, kept for
their milk for home use; his saddle ponies, bred and
raised on the place, and his beautiful Kentucky full-bred
Past field after field we drove, seeing hogs pasturing
on the corn and peas grown for this purpose, seeing fifty
acres of land being prepared for planting late peas to be
cut in the fall for hay, and fields of corn and peanuts
that would be "hogged off" this fall.
A short stop was made at the home of H. J. Jernigan,
manager of the farm for Mr. Edwards, who, after tell-
ing us of making an average of 40 bushels of corn to
the acre on one 40-acre patch, went off to round up the
blooded polled Angus stock and drive them down to
where we could see them without having to leave the
We drove on, finally coming to a 5,000-acre pasture
in which a large number of scrub cattle Mr. Edwards
has picked up here and there, and is keeping under
fence on the wild grass that grows abundantly. On one
side of the road were the cows that were too old, or
otherwise unsuited for breeding purposes, which will be
fattened and beefed as soon as possible, while on the
other side of the road in a natural wooded pasture a
number of registered Angus bulls were running with the
The grade animals resulting from this cross breeding
bore practically all the characteristics of their blooded
sires, being black in color, without horns, and larger
and more muscular than their scrub mothers. Occasion-
ally a grade took after its mother in color and showing
long horns, but these were rarely seen.
Arriving at the pasture where the blooded cattle were
kept we found a bunch of between 20 and 30 being held
in a fence corner awaiting us. The writer is no stock
expert and therefore cannot give an adequate descrip-
tion of these fine beef cattle, except to state that they
were an interesting sight and showed what a beef animal
In the same pasture with these cattle we saw a number
of Mr. Edwards' flock of 160 Hampshire sheep, all in
fine shape and giving evidence in their appearance that
this climate suits them. They are raised principally for
their meat, present prices making wool an unprofitable
crop, though they are sheared once each year and Mr.
Edwards saying that he had about 600 pounds of wool
on hand at the present time.
With the large pasture area available, and their com-
paratively small numbers, the cattle and sheep get along
nicely together, the sheep cropping the grass more closely
than the cattle and eating with relish many weeds and
varieties of grass that the cattle avoid.
Turning back a ways we left the road and drove inside
the 4,200-acre enclosure and here we saw the good work
Mr. Edwards is doing in restoring the long leaf pine that
years ago had been turpentined and cut over and was
grown up in short leaf pine saplings. Acting on advice
given him he cut out these short leaved trees and was
pleasantly surprised to see their places taken by a thick
second growth timber, many of the trees being as large
as the smaller ones turpentined and left standing, which
were dwarfed by this treatment.
It was a beautiful sight as we drove through these
woods carpeted with native grasses averaging a foot in
height and affording abundant pasturage for the 600 or
more grade Angus cattle that were grazing upon it. We
were shown the site of Fort Dane, where a mammoth oak
tree that originally stood at one corner of the bastion,
has split and now lies in fallen majesty, and Mr. Edwards
pointed out the locations of several of the old plantation
homes that dotted this section in the days before the
Civil War. A boiling spring in which a faithful hegro
slave belonging to the ancestors of one of the leading
families of Marion county is said to have hid his master's
family silver from invading federal troops was pointed
out to us. The boiling waters of the spring covered the
silver with sand, and it reposed safely there while the
enemy's troops camped near by and was recovered after
We were also shown what is known as Cottonseed
Pond, and were told the legend of its origin and how it
got its name. It was the custom of one of the old-time
planters to pile his cottonseed in a depression on his
place, cotton, the main and almost only crop grown there
in those days, the ridges made by the cotton rows still
remaining and making the driving across them a bumpy
ride. One day a cave-in or sink occurred where this
seed was piled, the seed all falling down into the hole
and being lost. The sink finally developed into a pond,
to which the name Cottonseed Pond was given.
Turning from the rich pasture now occupying this
historic ground we drove through a thickly grown piece
of second growth timber finally arriving at Mr. Edwards'
home at Irvine, from whence we took the highway to
Ocala and home. One feature of this interesting com-
munity which we overlooked was his fine herd of goats,
some being blooded Angoras, which are kept to eat off
briars and other noxious plants that might ruin the graz-
ing for the cattle.
A colony of four thousand Michigan citizens is being
formed at Ensley, near Pensacola, Florida, the result of
making Michigan people acquainted with what Florida
has. Incidents like this show why Florida continues to
grow rapidly in spite of sundry set-backs. It is a great
state with a great future.-Tuscaloosa (Ala.) News, June
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
WORK IS BEING HURRIED ON PANAMA
CITY'S PAPER MILL
Construction Is Also Well Underway on Docks
(Pensacola Journal, July 27, 1930)
Panama City, July 26.-Construction work at the site
of the Southern Kraft Paper Mill, a subsidiary of the
International Paper Company, is being hurried along
rapidly at Bay Harbor. The drone of concrete mixers,
the screeching of heavy cranes, an incessant hammering,
drilling and sawing, together with a continued stream of
negroes, mules and scrapes as the latter make more
ground ready for another fill for additional spur track,
blend together in a cauldron of noise.
A frame one-story building is being erected which will
be used by the Russ Engineering Company of Pittsburgh,
Pa., as their office during the time they are here install-
ing machinery and boilers.
Build Spur Track
Ground is being prepared for the fifth spur track; as
soon as fill is completed the rails will be placed. It is
reported that at present the mill is employing about 600
men who are working in crews with a foreman.
The steel frame work on digest building, the main and
largest one of all, is well under way. The main floor,
composed of concrete, is being poured this week. The
machinery and supply house, of brick construction, has
practically been completed.
The caustic building, the foundation for which has
already been laid, is also well under way. Two giant oak
trees that have withstood the ravages of time and weath-
ered many a gale, have gone down under the axe and all
evidence of them ever having been anywhere around has
been removed, making space for the construction of a
Continue Dock Work
Work is also continuing on the docks, which are along
the front of the paper mill site, and they too are sched-
uled to be completed by the time the other construction
The dredge Benyuard, employing approximately 54
men, is steadily at work and has been for the past three
weeks in deepening the channel and working on the bar
at the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico and the St. An-
Panama City and vicinity are the scenes of much
activity and progress and all work is going ahead.
RANGE CATTLE COMING HERE
(Holmes County Advertiser, August 1, 1930)
Around 2,500 head of cattle will soon be shipped into
Holmes and adjoining counties on breeding and feeding
contracts with owners of large tracts of our splendid
grazing lands, it was announced this week.
These cattle will be furnished by the McCrory inter-
ests who are operating a large cattle ranch in Osceola
county, where they have about 6,000 head. The decision
of the McCrory interests to make this shipment was made
after its representatives had gone over West Florida to
study the conditions there and select suitable ranges.
Dr. Vara accompanied them on this trip.
These cattle are assigned to the various land owners
who are cooperating on a feeding and breeding contract,
according to which the natural increase of the herds will
be justly apportioned to the owners of the cattle and the
grazing lands. The considerations which induced the
McCrory interests to seek this arrangement are two-fold.
The excellent range found here and the favorable local
conditions for healthy cattle growth and development
were apparent to their representatives after most pains-
taking investigation. Back of this also was the fact that
cattle from the tick-infested area to the tick-free area.
This would be most advantageous from the standpoint
of cheap beef production and favorable marketing facili-
The success of this venture is watched with great in-
terest. It is considered by many as the greatest forward
step since tick eradication was effected. Most interested
parties believe it is the beginning of an immense range
NEW CLEANING PRODUCT GOES ONTO
"It" Made By Lee County Firm-Nation-Wide
(Ft. Myers Press, August 1, 1930)
Marketing of a new cleaning compound known as "It"
was started today throughout Lee county by the Florida
Mineral Products, Inc. The new product resulted from
discovery of a mineral in this county in practically a
pure state which, it is claimed, is peculiarly adapted for
cleaning and polishing many things.
The new corporation is headed by Lee Hyde as pres-
ident. Other officers are Richard Heverle, vice-president;
Henry Colquitt, treasurer, and R. A. Henderson, Jr.,
counsel. Mr. Hyde, Mr. Colquitt, Mr. Heverle and George
J. Litot compose the board of directors. These men also
are the principal stockholders.
The new mineral was discovered five years ago, it
was said, and has been subjected to exhaustive chemical
tests which have revealed that it has many uses, par-
ticularly around the kitchen, although other uses are be-
ing found constantly, it is claimed.
Recently the new corporation distributed samples of
"It" to all housekeepers throughout this section. It is
being placed on sale today, however, for the first time.
A nation-wide demand is predicted by company offi-
cials, once the product has been given tests in actual use
It is claimed that the new product has the cleaning and
polishing qualities of the best products now on the mar-
ket and in addition imparts a sheen which other cleaners
do not give. Cans of "It" are labeled in robin's egg blue
and aluminum. It is harmless to the hands, officials
The new corporation is capitalized at $50,000 and
owns not only the various processes and factory equip-
ment, but also 120 acres of land containing deposits of
the mineral. It is estimated there are 3,000,000 tons
of the mineral available while the corporation is holding
options on small plots surrounding its holdings. This,
it is said, gives the corporation complete control of the
Several special uses for the new mineral are being
developed. They include a tooth powder, hand-cleaning
paste, silver polish, automobile cleaner, chalk, putty, cold
water paint base and whiting.
The factory is on a private railroad siding at Tice, on
the eastern edge of Fort Myers.
HOME OF THE LATE S. M. STEPHENS, LAKELAND
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
FLORIDA POULTRY GRIT PRODUCED HERE
Plant Installed and Shipments Being Made in
(River Junction Tribune, August 1, 1930)
Florida grit for poultry is now being produced by the
Florida Gravel Company with headquarters here at
Chattahoochee. A modern plant has been installed and
shipments are going forward in car load lots, according
to C. F. Mullen, of Cleveland, Ohio, and Chattahoochee,
president of the company.
This grit is a natural product and is said to be superior
to any of the manufactured poultry grit, in that though
it is hard and sharp, it is free from knife edge sides or
points, which makes it a much safer product for the
poultry. This natural product, mined from the Chatta-
hoochee river bottom, is not injurious to the gizzards of
The grit consists of quartz and is not soluble in the
dilute acids of the gizzard and thus serves its purpose
for a much longer time than the soluble or softer mate-
The new product is put out in 100-pound sacks and
sold in carload lots through W. L. Timmermon of Tampa,
Florida. Production is already underway, Mr. Mullen
says, and several car lots have moved to marketing points
throughout the state.
The plant which has been installed enables the pro-
duction of two sizes of the grit.
(Tampa Times, July 30, 1930)
It has been a long time since Florida received any
better tidings than were contained in the announcement
of the United States Secretary of Agriculture that there
will be decided modifications of the fruit fly quarantine
"in the immediate future," and the accompanying state-
ment that under these modifications the shipment of
Florida citrus fruits and vegetables to the northeastern
and middle western states without sterilization will be
This will open up, unrestrictedly, 82 per cent of our
normal markets. It is enough to cause Florida to indulge
an extra and special day of thanksgiving. It foretells
the time when the quarantine against Florida products
will be but a memory.
In making his announcement Secretary Hyde paid
tribute to the cooperation which Floridians have given
the control and eradication work of his department.
While some have objected and held back, as is always
the case in such things, the vast majority of Florida
growers have entered whole-heartedly into these efforts.
Now that the quarantine is about to be so largely
lifted, Floridians should be even more zealous in their
efforts to make sure that the fly is entirely exterminated
by spraying and doing such other things as they may be
called upon to do toward that end. Whatever the fight
has heretofore been in this connection, it is now one
against the quarantine. This fight can be won. Indeed,
it has almost been won. The way to entirely win it is to
cooperate with the department of agriculture.
When the new rules are put into operation we can
ship unmolestedly to all the United States save the south
and the far west. It is intimated that we may soon ex-
pect a lifting of the embargo so far as it applies to the
south. It will be longer before the western territory will
be opened up, of course. But we sell comparatively
little of our fruits and vegetables out that way.
The fight against the fly has been a hard one. The
quarantine restrictions have been many and irksome;
some of them seemingly unnecessary. But now that the
skies are clearing and the markets are being opened up
it is easier to see that the very drasticness of them has
put us sooner "into the clear."
The outlook for the coming season is bright. It must
be kept so-and made even brighter-by Floridians doing
what they are called upon to do in the premises. There
is no good to come from arguing now about the fruit
fly. Whether it has ever been here or not, cuts no figure.
The quarantine has been here-is still here; but it is
being lifted. Inasmuch as such is the case, let us give
thanks and take courage.
FARMERS' INSTITUTE IN FT. LAUDERDALE
Sixth Annual Session for Broward County Is
(Miami Herald, July 31, 1930)
Fort Lauderdale, Fla., July 30.-The sixth annual
Farmers' and Growers' Institute for Broward county was
conducted Tuesday, under direction of C. E. Matthews,
county agricultural agent, in the circuit court room of
the county building.
The sessions were opened at 10 a. m. with a large at-
tendance of farmers and growers from all parts of the
county and continued throughout the afternoon.
W. A. McCubbin of the federal fruit fly board at
Orlando was the first speaker, taking the place of Dr. W.
C. O'Kane who was unable to be present. Mr. McCubbin
spoke on the best means to be followed by farmers and
fruit growers to have the federal quarantine lifted.
L. N. Lobdell of the experimental station at Belle
Glade addressed the meeting on soils and chemicals. He
was followed by R. A. Carlton, agricultural agent of the
Seaboard Air Line railway, who told of the effort being
made under new tariff provisions to renew the pineapple
L. M. Rhodes, state marketing commissioner, gave a
talk on the general problems confronting the farmer and
the grower in the marketing of produce. He was fol-
lowed by S. W. Hiatt of the state marketing bureau on
the marketing of vegetable products as they affect this
area of the state.
J. G. Tisdale of the experimental station at Gainesville,
spoke on common insects and diseases of truck crops, and
R. N. Mehroff of the extension bureau at Gainesville ad-
dressed the institute on poultry.
RAISES FINE SWEET POTATOES
(Dixie County Advocate, July 31, 1930)
Mr. W. A. Allen brought four sweet potatoes of good
market size and weighing 21 pounds to our office yes-
terday. These were grown on his farm in Lafayette
county. Mr. Allen states that he has about 75 bushels
of this size.
Thus is shown the advantages of early planting for
they are then ready for market when vegetables are
scarce as well as bringing a good price.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
"FUTURE FARMER BOOSTER"
Registered Jersey Bull owned by the Laurel Hill Future
DAVIS KEEPING COMMUNITY BULL
(By G. W. Pryor, in Okaloosa Messenger,
July 17, 1930)
Miss Minnie (Hardie) Davis, present school board
member, District One, has signed a contract with the
Laurel Hill Chapter, Future Farmers of America, to keep
their registered Jersey bull for one year or longer at her
farm one mile south of Laurel Hill, to breed up her herd
of dairy cattle, the public to have free service at all
times, provided the cows are brought to the pasture
where the animal is kept.
In commenting on this, Mr. G. W. Pryor, Chapter Ad-
visor, says: This is a fine looking, vigorous young bull,
bought by the chapter from a famous herd of heavy
milking Jersey cows in Tennessee and brought here in
an effort to be of service to the community by helping to
breed up the milking capacity of the average cow. Mrs.
Davis is to be commended for her action in offering to
help put this effort across, and every man interested in
breeding up the quality of his herd should take advantage
of this offer, increase the value of his heifer calves, and
support Mrs. Davis and the chapter in their efforts to be
of service to the community and county.
VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE AND THE
(By S. E. Kent, in Wakulla County News, July 25, 1930)
To the average tiller of the soil who has spent a large
share of his life putting into practice the time-proven
methods of his forbears, the introduction of practices
which are the result of experimentation often seem im-
practical and thereby provoke considerable criticism of
a destructive nature. Yet such criticism is not unex-
pected in agriculture any more than in art or science, or
even in fashions. The world (meaning the people in it)
resists change of any kind which costs it effort or risks
its substance even for its own betterment. Psychology
tells us that the cause of this resistance is habit, and we
all know how habit deters us from undertaking anything
Nevertheless, if it were not for the contributions of
experimentation we should still be plowing the ground
with pointed sticks, or grinding our meal by hand in hol-
lowed out stones, or drawing our heavy loads on wooden
skids. If we ever expect to be freed from painful
drudgery and fruitless effort we must invent new ways
to do things and educate the world to use them. All the
progress we have ever made must have been either the
result of discovery or experimentation.
So it is, then, that Wakulla county and every other
progressive county in Florida or the United States has
its vocational agriculture-a name signifying a depart-
ment for those who wish to make agriculture their call-
ing. Vocational agriculture is not the creation of the
mass of people who wrest their subsistence from the
soil-it is, rather, the meeting place for them and the
small minority of trained workers who are endeavoring
to combine with the successful methods of the past any
new discoveries which their efforts or the experience of
others may add. It has been created by the state for the
benefit of the state.
The department of vocational agriculture in Wakulla
county is, as nearly every one knows, carried on in Sop-
choppy high school, where the future farmers of Florida
have access to much valuable material and are under the
capable instruction of a qualified teacher of this subject.
This department carries on its projects, makes its re-
ports, and studies its results just as any manufacturing
establishment does through its engineering department.
It is a place where the sons of farmers (or others) may
learn the theory and practice of various types of farm-
ing such as general farming, truck farming, dairy farm-
ing, etc., and know that they are using the most approved
In order to acquaint himself more thoroughly with
some of the work of the department the writer has been
taking some field trips throughout the county and has
secured some interesting facts concerning the actual
projects being carried on. These will be presented in a
second article to appear in the next issue of the News.
SCHOOL WILL AID FARM BOYS
Part-Time Class Organized in Alachua County
(Florida Times-Union, July 12, 1930)
.Alachua, July 11.-The Smith-Hughes vocational agri-
cultural department of the Alachua high school has or-
ganized a part-time class for farm boys in the Alachua
community. This work is being done in cooperation with
the teacher-training department at the Teachers College,
University of Florida, and has for its purpose the train-
ing of farm boys who do not attend the regular public
schools but are actively engaged in farming, either on
farms of their own or those of their fathers.
In this class the boys are given work not only in voca-
tional agriculture but also in related subjects, that have
a direct bearing on their work as farmers. In arithmetic
they are being taught how to determine the number of
acres in different types and shapes of fields, how to figure
interest on borrowed money, how to determine the
amounts of different fertilizer materials that should go
into a given fertilizer, and other problems of like nature
that a farmer must know how to solve.
In English the boys are being taught how to write a
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
business letter, how to make a speech, and how to use
In civics they are studying how to vote, how the county
and state government is run, how taxes are levied and
collected, and how the tax money is spent. These ques-
tions and others vital to good citizenship are being studied
with the idea that when these boys, who probably are
through with school days, become of age they will be
better prepared for the duties and privileges of a rural
In vocational agriculture these boys are studying those
farm problems that are common to the crop and animal
products that are grown in the Alachua farm section.
FUTURE FARMERS HOLD FISH FRY
Prof. Creel Entertains Boys on West Coldwater
(Milton Gazette, July 11, 1930)
Twenty-five members of Allentown Chapter of the
Future Farmers of Florida enjoyed a sumptuous fish fry
and picnic as the guests of Prof. E. M. Creel, Saturday
afternoon on West Coldwater creek.
All the boys are members of the agricultural class at
Allentown high school, of which Prof. Creel is the in-
structor. They went to the creek at 3:00 o'clock in the
afternoon, enjoyed swimming, various water games,
races, tug of war, etc., after which they fried an abund-
ance of fish and had a hearty supper.
Following the fun the boys held a brief business meet-
ing, at which, among other things, it was decided to hold
a three-day camp on Santa Rosa Sound late in July or
early in August.
PLAN COLD STORAGE PLANT AT PORT
Contractor Seeks Site for $75,000 Structure at
(Hollywood News, July 31, 1930)
Plans for construction of a pre-cooling and storage
plant at Port Everglades were announced by John A.
Prescott, Fort Lauderdale contractor, who asked the port
authority at its meeting Wednesday for a lease of a site
200 by 200 feet adjacent to the north side of the slip
and adjoining the terminal railroad.
The board will enter into negotiations with Mr. Pres-
cott looking to the drawing up of a proper lease. The
board has no authority to lease for a term longer than
thirty years. It was also stipulated that negotiations with
Mr. Prescott depended upon his being able to satisfy the
port authority that his project had been properly
The building and equipment, Mr. Prescott said, would
cost approximately $75,000 and would be 200x75 feet
of concrete and. transit material. It is planned to give
the buildings a 24-car capacity with five two-car units in
the pre-cooling plant; one two-car unit in the fish and
meat plant and two six-car units in the holding room.
The proposed plant will handle vegetables, fruits, fish
Becker and Chapple were awarded the contract for the
distribution of 10,000 ties and approximately four hun-
dred and thirty tons of steel rails from the Florida Power
and Light Company's plant along the four miles of right
of way of the terminal railroad.
A resolution to set aside offices in the administration
building for John A. Grant, newly appointed harbor-
master, was adopted.
The commission authorized a call for bids August 6
for laying the ties and track of the terminal railroad,
which it is expected to complete by November 1.
GRAHAM BODY PLANT TO OPEN NEXT
(Perry Herald, July 31, 1930)
The Graham-Paige Body Corporation mill in the
southeastern part of the city, which closed down on the
15th of June, will re-open next Monday morning, August
Charles Hastings, manager of the big plant, is in
Detroit and is not expected to arrive home until Sun-
However, plans are being completed by those left in
charge to have everything in readiness for work just
as soon as he returns.
This firm usually closes down the body plant at this
time of the year on account of a change in body types
and patterns. It is also the close of the fiscal year for
Just how many men will return to work has not been
given out, and will not be known until Mr. Hastings re-
turns from the Detroit factory with the orders.
The plant employs a number of experienced workmen,
besides the regular labor. It makes auotmobile wood
Products of the factory are shipped in car lots to the
Graham factory at Wayne, Michigan, and the one at
Evansville, Indiana. The raw material for the factory
is procured from the Wilson Lumber Co., adjoining.
According to the automobile manufacturing reports as
published this week, the Graham cars are near the top
of the list in output of cars. The company has made a
wonderful showing the past year.
HUNDREDS OF ACRES OF LAND BEING
Many Men at Work North of Mascotte Getting
Land Ready for Watermelons Next Season
(Leesburg Ledger, August 1, 1930)
Several hundred acres of land are being cleared north
of Groveland, near Villa City and along the Mascotte-
Leesburg highway, about ten miles out, for watermelons
to be planted next January. Principal acreages include
nearly 200 acres for J. H. Butler of Leesburg, nearly 200
acres for Edge and Rice of Groveland, several acres for
H. E. Barcus of Leesburg, and others. Considerable of
this acreage borders State Highway Number 2, and it is
an inspiring sight to see many men busily engaged in
cutting down trees, burning brush and stumps and other-
wise getting the vast acreages ready for the plow. It is
also pleasing to note this activity and the pay roll in
connection therewith during what is regarded as the
quietest time of year in Florida.
St. Lucie County alone has out over 2,000 acres in
vegetables, which shows how they truck in Florida.-
Boston (Mass.) Transcript, July 12, 1930.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
HEREFORDS ON FARM OF H. M. TUTEN
ARE AMONG VERY BEST
Started Eight Years Ago, Herd Has Been
Brought Up to Over 100 Head
(Jasper News, August 1, 1930)
One of the show places in this part of the state is
H. M. Tuten's farm, and it is a place that anyone inter-
ested in cattle raising and development may well afford
to spend several hours. Mr. W. D. Simmons, the farm
manager, and who is among the best versed cattle breed-
ers in the country, will be "tickled to death" to show
the animals to all who pay them a call.
It is a well-known fact among the cattle breeders of
the state that the Tuten herd is ranked among the finest
in the country for its size. There are plenty of herds
with a greater number of cattle in them than here, but
nowhere can be found a purer strain of Herefords nor
better stock all around than in this herd here.
Mr. Tuten started eight years ago in a small way. He
secured his first animals from the famous Cummings
herd at Donaldsonville, Ga. Since that time he has bred
carefully, using bulls from the same herd, until at the
present time he has over 100 head of very fine animals.
The herd is now headed by Comfort J., sired by Bon-
nie J., and the dam was Decatur Lassie II. Mr. Tuten
is always glad to have visitors at his farm, which is just
at the edge of the city, and as we have said before, it is
one of the show places of Florida, besides demonstrating
what can be done in the way of raising pure-bred stock
in this section. The Hereford type is a beef type, but it
is just as easy to raise and develop a dairy type if one
Mr. Tuten says that anyone who misses seeing the
thirty head of young calves now on his place is cheating
himself out of a real treat as well as refusing to learn
something worth while about the cattle business.
CHIPLEY GINS BEGAN OPERATION LAST
(Chipley Banner, July 31, 1930)
The Chipley Gin Company's plant began operation for
the season last Saturday, when they ginned the first bale
of cotton of this season's crop. This bale was brought
in by Mr. R. E. Davis.
This gin plant is one among Chipley's best assets, be-
cause it enables hundreds of bales of cotton to be mar-
keted here that without it, would go elsewhere.
Mr. W. T. Laney, the manager, has had the plant
thoroughly overhauled for the season's run. The gin
cuts out a good sample and those who are near enough
to patronize it are very enthusiastic over the service they
Mr. Laney has arranged with cotton factors in Pen-
sacola to have all cotton ginned in Chipley, Bonifay
and Cottondale, to be compressed at that point. All
cotton ginned at these points will be trucked to Pensa-
Chipley has always been a good cotton market, and by
reason of having the cotton compressed at Pensacola,
the price will be a good many points better this year
than any time in the past.
Not only will the plant give its customers satisfactory
service in the ginning line, but Mr. Laney will buy
cotton and cotton seed and pay the very highest price
the market will permit.
Those in the Chipley cotton territory will find it much
to their interest to have their cotton ginned here. And
one thing Mr. Laney wants to impress upon those who
may have cotton to gin is to keep their cotton dry. Pick
it dry and keep it dry after you have picked it. It turns
out a much better sample, consequently brings a much
Bring your cotton to Chipley to be ginned, and where
you will get the very top of the market every day.
FACTORY TO PRESERVE FIGS WOULD
FIND RAW MATERIAL HERE
(Levy County Journal, July 31, 1930)
On a recent trip to Cedar Key we were taken to the
back door of the Fowlerwood Hotel, where we saw a very
large fig tree, loaded with figs, some of them ripe and
just right for eating, and others soon to be ripe.
This tree was so big and so full of fine fruit that we
did a little inquiring and found that Cedar Key and
neighborhood is noted for its fine figs, which seem to
do their best here.
Apparently there are a number of different varieties
favored by those who grow them, each with its own
peculiar advantages, and they do so well that folks for
miles around go to Cedar Key to get figs for preserv-
And that brings us to the real point of this story.
There is no more delightful preserve than that made
of figs. And apparently there is a market and a demand
well established all over the country.
Probably no where in the south do figs grow more
abundantly nor fruit more prolificly than in this imme-
Levy county is already noted for its cane syrup, and
there are many hundreds of acres which would produce
as fine cane as is grown in any state.
Some like figs put up in syrup from refined sugar,
while to us the best we have ever eaten were put up in
regular cane syrup in Mississippi, and sold in the stores
as other figs are sold.
We don't know the drawbacks to such an industry,
but it is sure that this county can produce easily, all
the ingredients for a preserved fig industry, and from
this point of view it looks as though it should be a profit-
able one properly managed.
There are many acres of land near Cedar Key which
seem peculiarly adapted to fig culture, and we should
like very much to see some one undertake to start it in
a real commercial way.
PINEAPPLES TO ST. LUCIE
(Umatilla Tribune, July 18, 1930)
Fort Pierce, Florida.-Thirty thousand slips of Red
Spanish pineapples were recently received at a local port
from Porto Rico, according to a report by Alfred Warren,
St. Lucie county agent. Growers of the county are ex-
pecting another shipment during July.
Florida is experimenting with 104 varieties of water-
melons to produce better grades.-Dover (N. H.) Demo-
crat, May 28, 1930.
STONE DEPOSIT IS FOUND NEAR NEW
STONE DEPOSIT IS FOUND NEAR NEW
Government Makes Tests for Building Purposes
(Tampa Tribune, July 27, 1930)
New Port Richey, July 26.-A deal was closed last
week whereby H. B. DeBoer, pioneer marble worker, ob-
tained control of a 40-acre tract just west of the city
limits of New Port Richey. The deal is significant be-
cause of the fact that this land is underlaid by three or
more sections or strata of a stone closely allied to Italian
For some time an adjoining tract, owned by Ralph
Werner, has been quarried, and the stone used locally
for various building purposes, as well as for paving and
concrete work. Until recently when the Seaboard Air
Line railway company became interested, sending its
geologist here from Columbia, S. C., to make thorough
tests, few realized that the local rock had a value of
several dollars a cubic foot, and might take the place
of the imported product.
Government Makes Tests
Samples of the stone were sent to the United States
Bureau of Standards, where a comprehensive examina-
tion and tests revealed the fact that it tested higher in
every respect than any other stone quarried in the United
States, with the exception of one St. Paul, Minn., rock.
The New Port Richey stone is reported in United States
Geological Report No. 349, insert page 568, addendum
to table two as specimen 10 6-A. The report gives the
comparative strength per square inch as follows: Per-
pendicular, highest, 22,600 pounds; lowest, 20,800;
average, 21,500; parallel, highest, 24,700; lowest, 17,200;
average, 20,100, the density of the rock in the tests being
given as 157 pounds to the cubic foot.
The Seaboard geologist confirmed government tests,
but went further, spending several days here and making
a number of trips from his laboratories in South Caro-
lina. His reports said there are at least three layers of
the stone, varying in color from grey to a mottled brown,
of delicate shading, and having perfect travertine, and is
ready for working just as soon as removed from the
Stone Under 200 Acres
It is estimated that there are about 200 acres of land
adjacent to this city under which the stone lies, and Mr.
DeBoer, who is connected with the Turner Marble Works
of Tampa as an employee, and who is a stone cutter and
geologist himself, believes it will be comparatively easy
to quarry and ship the stone.
Mr. DeBoer has given the stone many tests in the
shops of the Turner Marble Company, and finds that it
polishes to a high and brilliant glaze, that it is imper-
vious to water, and that it will answer equally for marble
finish or the strongest building purposes.
ANOTHER FISH HATCHERY
(Palatka Herald, August 1, 1930)
This section is to have another fish hatchery, as one
is to be established at Deep Creek, near the Putnam and
Volusia borders, by the Fresh Water Fish and Game De-
partment, of which C. C. Woodward is the capable com-
A private hatchery has been leased by the state and
will be improved and enlarged. It will be stocked with
several million baby black bass, which will be developed
for restocking the lakes and streams of Florida.
With the great hatchery established at Welaka by the
Salt Water Fish Department, representing an investment
of more than $100,000, and furnishing millions of baby
fish for those citizens who desire to see the waters in
their respective sections teeming with fish, and with this
new hatchery under the other fish department, surely
added impetus should be given to fishing in Florida, both
as a sport and also as a great commercial industry.
OUTPUT OF PRODUCTS OF CORN GAINS
Census Bureau Says Year's Increase was 23
(United States Daily, July 14, 1930)
Manufacture of certain corn products last year in-
creased more than 23 per cent over 1927, but were
nearly 11 per cent under the production of 1919, ac-
cording to census figures made public on July 12 by the
department of commerce. The department's statement
follows in full text:
The Bureau of the Census announces that, according
to data collected in the census of manufactures taken in
1930, the total value of products made in 1929 by estab-
lishments engaged primarily in the manufacture of corn
sirup, corn sugar, corn oil, and .starch amounted to
$165,989,190, an increase of 23.4 per cent as compared
with $134,461,166 reported for 1927, the last preceding
census year, and a decrease of 10.9 per cent as compared
with $186,256,260 for 1919, the last preceding decennial
The output for 1929 is made up as follows: Corn
sirup and mixtures of corn and other sirups, 1,157,-
698,336 pounds, valued at $40,553,180; corn sugar,
896,121,276 pounds, $30,217,221; corn oil, 170,459,407
pounds, $19,258,794; starch (chiefly corn starch), 730,-
780,664 pounds, $42,797,637; corn-oil cake and meal,
19,065 tons, $772,896; dextrine, 118,598,616 pounds,
$4,920,289; stock feed, 616,074 tons, $23,452,269; mis-
cellaneous products, $4,016,904.
The apparent increase in number of establishments be-
tween 1927 and 1929 is due to the fact that separate
returns were made for nine plants for which a consoli-
dated return was made for 1927.
The Apopka Chief is authority for the information
that the Consumers Lumber and Veneer Company of
Apopka has a contract for the making of 1,200,000 fruit
boxes for delivery this fall. This is a big contract and
makes good reading. A lot of men will be employed in
cutting lumber and in mill operations by such a contract.
Employment is the greatest need of this country just at
present. Florida has promise of a large crop of fruit; it
will take a lot of boxes to carry this fruit to market;
it will require a lot of people to pick and pack this fruit.
All of which means that the employment situation in
this section will soon show improvement. The moving
of a large crop of fruit of excellent quality is bound to
be reflected in every line of business in the citrus belt.
Not alone in employment, but in bringing cash returns
to the men who have large investments in packing houses
and groves is there a benefit in which our entire citizenry
is interested. Our largest and most dependable industry
shows signs of prosperity.-Orlando Reporter-Star.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
JACKSONVILLE A MARKET FOR GOOD
(Florida Times-Union, August 1, 1930)
Jacksonville people are consumers of large quantities
of fruit, especially when they can get it of good quality
and in abundance, sufficient to supply local demand.
For a long time past, and especially in the current sea-
son, it has been impossible to purchase any great quantity
of first quality fruit in Jacksonville, for the reason-
so dealers say-that it cannot be secured. Fruit is being
shipped here in enormous quantities, taking the aggre-
gate into account, but most of it is of inferior quality.
This is not an occasional complaint that is heard; it is
made generally, and indicates that something is wrong
somewhere, and needs correction.
One of the most enterprising and up-to-date retail
grocers in this city, a few days ago asked the question:
"Why is Jacksonville made the dumping ground for
fruit of inferior quality and size?" The use of the term
"dumping ground" may be rather severe, but in a
measure it is entirely justified by what is known of the
condition that exists and that has existed for some time
past. The best of good fruit that is for sale in Jack-
sonville markets comes from California, with rare ex-
ceptions, notwithstanding that Florida and neighboring
states produce abundance of good quality fruit, very
little of which finds its way into the Jacksonville market,
as every individual fruit buyer has sufficient reason for
The foregoing applies, to a very large extent, also with
reference to vegetables. This was practically demon-
strated not so long ago, when a certain person, requir-
ing a quantity of Florida-grown vegetables, and in a
hurry, found the Jacksonville market almost completely
bare of vegetables grown in this state, and at the time
when vegetables were being shipped out of the state in
large quantities. Here was a large near-at-home market
that was being almost entirely overlooked by Florida
vegetables growers. At the same time there were abund-
ant varieties of California vegetables available in this
Why should these conditions exist quite generally? Is
the answer in the fact that Florida fruit and vegetable
growers prefer to ship these food products to far-away
markets, that frequently are over-supplied, in some in-
stances necessitating the destruction of excellent fruit
and vegetables, on which the shippers have the pleasure
of paying freight and getting nothing in return? The
truth of this situation seems to be that not only Jack-
sonville, but other Florida markets for fruit and vege-
tables are being neglected to an amazing extent.
These markets in the state are abundantly supplied
with culls and otherwise inferior fruits and vegetables,
with prices practically the same as for fruits and vege-
tables of first quality. The same observation applies to
under-ripe fruits and vegetables shipped into local mar-
kets of the state. In this respect shippers are hurting
themselves immeasurably; they are destroying valuable
home markets in which ripe fruits would be purchased
if supplied in quantities equal to the demand. This
matter of under-ripe fruit has been particularly promi-
nent in the current season.
Reference is being made here to these existing condi-
tions with the hope that Florida fruit and vegetable
growers will set about improving their methods of fruit
and vegetable shipping and see to it that home markets
are supplied with the best of these products, thus saving
shipping charges to distant points and at the same time
providing satisfactory fruits and vegetables for Florida
ANOTHER CROP FOR FLORIDA
(St. Petersburg Independent, August 1, 1930)
A bulletin from the United States Department of Agri-
culture calls attention to another crop possibility for
Florida as far south as the Everglades section. "Al-
th6ugh pecan growers produce annually about 12,000,000
pounds of the improved varieties," says the bulletin, "a
recent survey by the department of agriculture indicates
possibilities for further expanding the market to take
care of expected increases in production in the near
future. In addition to the 12,000,000 pounds of im-
proved varieties which are sold unshelled to the con-
sumer, there are about 38,000,000 pounds of seedling
varieties produced annually and shelled commercially.
Most of the improved varieties of pecans are produced
in the southern states east of the Mississippi river. Only
a limited quantity of pecans are imported from Mexico,
and there are practically no exports."
The per capital consumption of pecans is less than
one-third of a pound a year, the survey showed, and
pecans make up about 5 per cent of all nuts annually
consumed in the United States, though the pecan is
generally recognized as one of the most nutritious of all
nuts. The bulletin explains that the main reasons for
this are that the pecan has been considered a luxury
among nuts and as such has been sold at a high price,
and that it has not been properly advertised.
No finer pecans are grown anywhere than in Florida.
So far most of the pecan groves have been developed
mostly in northern and northwestern Florida, where the
annual yield has been as heavy and the nuts as large as
the best produced in the groves of Georgia and Alabama.
But it is now known that fine pecan groves may be de-
veloped anywhere in the central part of the state and
in the upper parts of southern Florida. Locally, few
pecan trees have been grown, but the nuts borne by
those few indicate that a good quality of nuts could be
obtained from groves in the Pinellas.
There would be a wide market for pecans retailed at
slightly lower prices than those which commonly prevail,
for the pecan is a rich food nut, and is in demand both
for raw consumption and for use in cooking and the con-
FLORIDA LEADS U. S. IN PHOSPHATE
(Jacksonville Journal, July 31, 1930)
Florida exceeded all other states in production of phos-
phate last year. It produced from its mines 82 per cent
of all the phosphate rock sold or used by producers in the
United States in 1929, according to figures from the de-
partment of commerce.
These figures were sent to Walter N. Pearce, manager
of the local department of commerce office, from Wash-
According to the statement Florida produced 72,733
tons of hard phosphate rock valued at $267,218, and
3,015,874 tons of pebble rock valued at $9,633,856.
Idaho, Montana, Tennessee and Wyoming followed in
the order given in their production of phosphate during