U.S.Dept. of Agriotalte.
; 'i'l3 ; ..t;o:Li, ije0.
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 5 JULY 21, 1930 No. 3
THE SECOND SUMMER
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
VERY parent knows that familiar and
sometimes sinister phrase-the second
summer. Particularly is it a reminder to
those now in middle life of an age when
medical science was not prepared to defend
babies and young children against the perils of
a critical period, as it now is. The second sum-
mer of a child's life was a time of care, of
watchfulness, of sustained and intensive effort
to maintain wholesome and normal conditions.
It was a period to be faced with courage and
ended with relief.
And so it is with us in the second summer of
Mediterranean fruit fly eradication work. A
greater crisis has not faced our fruit and vege-
table industry than that which now presents it-
self, and regardless of our personal opinions,
each of us bears a solemn obligation to Florida
and her people to further the cause of fruit fly
eradication work in every way within our power
until it has been demonstrated to the complete
satisfaction of all concerned that the fruit fly
is a thing of the past. Then, and only then, may
we expect to restore fruit and vegetable grow-
ing to its former status as the state's leading
agricultural endeavor and to regain in our mul-
tiple marketing centers the confidence which
our products deserve.
A recent statement of Secretary of Agricul-
ture Hyde has inspired the hope and even be-
lief, in some quarters, that modification of exist-
ing regulations so as to permit shipment of
fruits and vegetables, without sterilization, from
uninfested zones into the northeast and middle
west may be expected by the time the fall ship-
ping season opens. Whether this liberal inter-
pretation may be placed on Secretary Hyde's
statement or not, the necessity for intensive
clean-up and spray work is obvious. Without
it, we can have no hope of destroying any in-
festations that may develop during the summer
period, nor need we expect to convince others
that our fruits and vegetables are free from the
danger of infestation and may be safely shipped
to and received by our accustomed markets.
The Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House
Association is to be warmly commended on its
program for free distribution of bait spray for
all zone two and three properties. This is one
of the most practical and constructive endeavors
yet instituted in the Medfly fight, and it should
be the means of fostering a clean-up campaign
so thorough and far-reaching that it will be ob-
served with respect by those in charge of quar-
antine regulatory work, as well as by the thou-
sands of consumers of Florida grove and field
products who have been temporarily prejudiced
against their use, even when obtainable.
This, the second summer of the Medfly eradi-
cation work, is not a time for personal preju-
dices, for partisan politics, for unreasoning
panic or despairing surrender. That oppor-
tunity for public service which Fourth of July
orators rant about is now within the reach of
every one of us, though in a less spectacular
manner. Now that organized official eradica-
tion work has been resumed, and bait spray has
been made available free of charge through the
Clearing House, every grower can diligently
and thoroughly spray his groves in a manner to
meet with official approval. Every grove and
field owner can carefully and continually clean
up waste fruit and host products. Every per-
son connected in any way with the fruit and
vegetable industries of the state, however hum-
bly, can find some practical way to demonstrate
his desire to improve the situation, and the sum
total of these individual efforts will undoubtedly
be a mighty force to reckon with when the close
of the host-productive season is reached.
This is our second summer, our day of
danger, when the need for persistent, relentless
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
effort is greater than ever before. Only by con-
certed effort on the part of all growers can we
meet the situation adequately. Concerted effort
on the part of California growers has enabled
them to overcome apparently insurmountable
obstacles in shipping and marketing their
products. They did it by sticking together.
That same unity of effort offers our only hope
in settling the fruit fly question in Florida.
The beginning of the second summer does not
find us wanting in courage, foresight or zeal in
prosecuting the eradication campaign until all
question of need for it has been eliminated. Let
not the end of the second summer find us want-
ing in the realization that we have done, each of
us, in every way possible, everything in our
power to expedite matters toward that happy
(Taylor County News, July 3, 1930)
In a recent issue, the Manufacturers Record lists
about 200 industries in which the south leads, a matter
of considerable change in the past few years, for the
south was not an industrial region until comparatively
It is a significant fact that in the list Florida is men-
tioned but once. In the first place this is an oversight
on the part of the magazine that generally gives Florida
a fair showing, but beside the fact that several products
in which Florida actually does lead, such as kaolin,
Fuller's earth, etc., were omitted, the real significance of
the story is the fact that Florida might lead in a dozen
other lines in which she does not.
Had one-tenth the money that was spent in the boom
to boost city lots, where there were no cities, been spent
in developing legitimate industries, Florida would be
enjoying the boom today and all the rest of her days, for
there are several reasons for this state being the leader
in manufacturing along certain lines.
The Federal government is going to put $9,000,000
into the control of Lake Okeechobee and before long the
Record can say that Florida leads in the manufacture of
sugar, celotex and rayon. To these will probably be
added other products of agricultural manufacture in the
Everglades, where soil and climate combine to make
America's richest garden spot.
But Florida is allowing to lie idle some of its richest
deposits of minerals. The purest deposit of infusorial
earth in the world lies in Lake county and the supply is
almost inexhaustable. Many articles are manufactured
from this strange microscopic organism, including the
finest silver polish, printers ink and dynamite. The
poorer grades are used as a substitute for asbestos.
Paper manufacture is just finding its way into the
state, but we might manufacture more than any other
state in the union and keep a perpetual supply of pulp
wood growing. Florida at one time furnAihed nearly all
the cedar for pencils that were manufactured in the
United States, and might have been doing the same today,
but for the wasteful methods used in handling the in-
Taylor county burns up millions of tons of so-called
waste at its mills every year when it could rank as the
world's greatest manufacturer of small articles, such as
utensils and toys. We already lead the world in sponge
fisheries, although not listed as such in the articles in
the Record, which only mentioned the tung industry of
Almost any place along the coast, near a good deep
water harbor, could beat the world in the manufacture of
glass, as we are the closest to the Chilean nitrate fields
and the sand is plentiful any place and is of the right
Dairying, poultry products, peanuts, and a hundred
other agricultural items might be grown in Florida in
excess of any other state in the union if sufficient money
was put into any of these businesses, but Florida sold city
lots while the rest of the south was building industries,
and now the state owns a few million of these lots,
bought in for taxes, and we still have not aroused to the
possibilities of agriculture and manufacture.
Florida is basically sound and some day we will wake
up to our possibilities. In fact we are waking up now
and when capital loses sight of the disaster of the boom
and realizes the possibilities of the state for industry,
with our superior climate, transportation and living con-
ditions, we will take on an industrial boom that will ap-
proach the boom of a few years ago, but will be perma-
LESSON OF THE PAPER MILLS
(Perry Herald, July 3, 1930)
One by one the big people of the north come to Florida
for investment of their money.
Some time ago the International Paper Company, one
of the largest concerns of its kind in the world, an-
nounced that it was about to invest in a ten million dollar
kraft paper mill at Panama City. Many of us doubted
the news. It seemed more a fairy industrial story than
real stuff. It was simply too good to be true.
Now after work is well under way, and this big con-
cern gives out the word that the first unit is soon to be
completed and that it will soon be making 175 tons of
paper daily, and that the pay roll will be a million and a
half a year, we begin to get out from under the daze and
realize what we may expect in this western part of Flor-
ida within another few years.
That is not all of the story. This company will imme-
diately start on re-foresting 300,000 acres of its own in
addition to purchasing pine trees in all the western sec-
tion of the state. And the outlay for this raw material
will be something worthy of note.
In the meantime let us not forget that Perry has the
ideal raw material, the labor conditions, the location, the
shipping facilities, for making it the metropolis of this
section of the state.
Tomatoes will be king in St. Lucie county for the next
few weeks. Unless weather conditions interfere the big-
gest crop ever grown here will be harvested between now
and June 1. And all indications point to a strong market
with excellent prices prevailing until the local crop is
well out of the way. Within the past few years toma-
toes have become one of the county's important crops
and with thousands of acres of ideal land for producing
them there is no reason why this should not become one
of the leading tomato producing sections of the state.-
Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, April 22, 1930.
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO......... .. ..Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS........... Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 5 JULY 21, 1930 No. 3
FIGURES SHOW STATE IS LEADING IN
General Condition of Federal Reserve Banks
(St. Augustine Record, June 30, 1930)
Jacksonville, June 30.-Substantial gains over May,
1929, totals in the award of building contracts last month
is Florida's bright spot in the monthly review of south-
eastern business conditions, released yesterday by the
Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank. Florida led the southeast
both in percentage of gain and in total valuation.
Total building contracts awarded in the state during
May this year amounted to $13,248,900 as compared with
$5,400,600 for the corresponding period a year ago, and
awards of $3,871,200 in April, 1930. The gain for May
over the same month last year is 145.3 per cent. For
the entire Sixth Federal Reserve District, total contracts
were 12.9 per cent greater than for May, 1929, being the
largest amount registered in any month' since August,
The southeastern figures have particular significance in
view of the fact that building contract totals for the
thirty-seven states east of the Rock Mountains are 22
per cent less than in May, 1929. According to statistics
furnished by the F. W. Dodge Corporation, contract
awards in Jacksonville during May were in excess of
those for April, although being slightly less than for
Unseasonable weather throughout the southeast is held
responsible to some degree for a general slackness in
The general condition of banks belonging to the
Federal reserve is shown to be good, with cash reserve
totals comparing favorably with the usual comparative
Receipts of naval stores at Jacksonville, Savannah and
Pensacola, the chief shipping centers, increased season-
ably last month and were greater than for the correspond-
ing in several recent years. The bank review says, "Be-
cause of favorable weather conditions in the naval stores
territory, and due in part to the fact that naval stores
operators are moving their products to markets more
rapidly than in former seasons, receipts of both turpen-
tine and rosin in May were larger than in that month of
most recent years."
Figures pertaining to debits to individual accounts of
member banks in the Sixth Federal Reserve District
show a slight decrease; however, Jacksonville suffered
less in comparison than did Birmingham and Atlanta, the
two large cities nearest to Jacksonville.
FLORIDA, LAND OF DISCOVERY
(St. Petersburg Independent, June 27, 1930)
The romance of discovery in Florida never ends.
From the days of Ponce de Leon to this good time new
discoveries have been made in this wonderful land. Not
long ago we read the story of the man who discovered
and utilized the great possibilities of bee culture in the
Florida swamps to develop one of the largest aggrega-
tions of bees in the world, scattered through and about
the territory so long considered worthless and forbidding.
Here is another story of discovery in the swamps:
Several years ago a man by the name of Sapp, looking
about in the woods for various plants in west Florida,
discovered a hardy blueberry bush that he thought could
be reset, cultivated and made to produce more than if
allowed to grow in its natural state. He dug up a number
of plants and reset them on his place, gave them every
attention, and that was the beginning of the great
Rabbit-eye blueberry industry in west Florida. Now
blueberries are shipped by the carloads from that section
and the industry brings in thousands of dollars annually.
Swamps in that section have been searched for wild
blueberry plants, and these by thousands have been trans-
planted to fertile ground and cultivated to such an extent
that the improved berry is considered quite a luxury in
foreign markets. Blueberries of the cultivated type are
now being shipped to New York, Philadelphia, Chicago
and other northern markets by the hundreds of crates.
Thus from the wild woods west Florida builds up an in-
dustry that brings it great gains.
How many people ever thought of Florida as a land
of blueberries? How many people ever dreamed of the
swamp blueberry becoming a favorite in the northern
Here is another one: Who ever thought of the familiar
Florida pine-the prosaic producer of lumber, rosin and
turpentine from time immemorial-as being capable of
supplying artificial silk to clothe Florida's dainty daugh-
ters? Yet that is a fixed fact and northern men are
staking millions of dollars upon it. Read the story which
is not excelled in the "Arabian Nights:"
"From Florida pine, cloth suitable for underwear,
hosiery, wallboard and insulation material can be pro-
duced. This discovery prompted the capitalization of
the proposed $10,000,000 mill at Panama City. Addi-
tional enterprises are awaiting the vote on the constitu-
tional amendment exempting such industries from state
taxation, which is up for adoption next November. There
is unlimited opportunity in the development of Florida
products. New uses for the things Florida grows are
being found each year."
Truly you are walking in a land of romance and oppor-
tunity. You need no Aladdin's lamp. Open your eyes;
set your mind to work. You know not what your feet
tread upon. While one man sees the mud and murk of
the swamp another sees honey equal to that of Egypt;
while one sees the bramble of the jungle another sees a
berry to tickle the palate of the connoisseur; while one
;sees a rugged old tree another sees rich raiment fit to
:adorn Cleopatra herself.
Wake up, Floridian; wake up.
Taylor county farmers are the most independent people
of the section hereby. They have good crops and plenty
of cattle and hogs, and next winter may snow and blow
to its heart's content. There will be something in the
larder for dinner.-Perry Herald, June 19, 1930.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
FRUIT AND VEGETABLES BROUGHT
GROWERS OF COUNTY LARGE SUM
Despite Bad Season Returns Prove That Hardee
County Offers Many Opportunities to
(Florida Advocate, July 4, 1930)
Hardee county's fruit and vegetable crop for the
1929-30 shipping season brought $1,637,357.17, accord-
ing to shipping records furnished the Advocate by the
United States Department of Agriculture at Washing-
ton, D. C., and the Railway Express Agency, Inc.
More than 1,700 carloads of fruit and vegetables rolled
out of this county during the season extending from
September, 1929, through May, 1930, according to the
records, which revealed that 1,503 cars went out by
freight, with an additional 278 cars out by express, mak-
ing a grand total of 1,781 cars out by rail.
There were 136 cars of strawberries out of Bowling
Green and 52 shipped from Wauchula, in addition to
1,149 reefers from Wauchula and 894 from Fort Green
Springs, and 420 from Bowling Green, a total of
3,395,450 pints, which netted growers $475,363. Zolfo
Springs growers marketed with growers at Bowling
Green, and the total is included in figures given above.
Strawberries took the lead among crops of the county,
passing cucumbers with flying colors, the latter just get-
ting over the $200,000 mark for receipts. It was an
unusually bad year for cucumbers.
The fruit crop was also a short one and returned only
about $600,000 for 941 carloads. Value of this crop
was based on $1.50 for oranges, $2.00 for grapefruit and
$2.50 for tangerines, which is considered by many as a
very conservative estimate.
Wauchula again led all shipping points in the county,
with shipments valued at $1,026,057.02 sent from this
point, the largest single item being $216,000 worth of
oranges. Cucumbers came next with a valuation of
$183,407.50, and mixed citrus (oranges and grapefruit),
$169,200. Tomatoes brought $147,592.50, and straw-
berries returned growers $140,609.
Bowling Green shipped $405,178.06 worth of fruit and
vegetables, strawberries leading with returns of $313,-
460. Oranges worth $30,240 were shipped from that
point, while mixed citrus brought $15,120 and cabbage
Zolfo Springs sent out $109,744.20 worth of produce
last season, with mixed citrus leading the list in value,
$38,880.00. Tomatoes returned $23,551 and grapefruit
Fort Green Springs marketed $65,695.71, including
$21,294 worth of strawberries and $14,580 worth of
Shipments from Ona were valued at $26,982.18, in-
cluding $11,070 worth of peppers and $10,462.50 worth
Gardner shipped $2,425 worth of produce, of which
$1,694 came from beans.
Fort Green sent out $1,175 worth of produce, including
beans, tomatoes and cucumbers.
These figures do not include the thousands of dollars'
worth of fruits, vegetables and strawberries hauled to
other markets by trucks. Hucksters make Wauchula and
Bowling Green their headquarters during the winter and
spring, buying fresh vegetables and berries in large
quantities. It is conservatively estimated by those in
close touch with the markets of the county that fully a
carload of produce leaves this county daily by truck, of
which there is no record. It finds a market in Tampa,
St. Petersburg, Sebring, Lake Wales, Palm Beach, Miami,
Fort Myers, and other Florida cities.
Several hundred crates of strawberries were also
hauled out by truck last season, loaded into cars at other
points and not counted in the figures given in this article.
Some 500,000 pints of strawberries were handled in that
way and no record kept of them.
Fruit, too, was hauled to adjoining counties and
packed, to be credited to those counties instead of to
Hardee, where it was grown.
In a normal year the fruit and vegetable crops shipped
out of this county bring over $2,000,000, which shows
how sub-normal last season actually was. Shipments
for a season normally reach 2,600 to 3,000 carloads.
A careful perusal of shipping records and market
prices paid will convince anyone that Hardee county
offers unusual opportunities to make money growing fruit
and vegetables and strawberries, not to mention chickens,
hogs, bulbs, honey and the numerous other things which
can so easily be produced in this county, which now has
only 10,348 population and an area of approximately
400,000 acres, of which but 16,000 are in cultivation.
CITRUS FERTILIZER MANUFACTORY
STARTS IN FROSTPROOF
(South Florida Developer, July 4, 1930)
In the very near future Frostproof will have the honor
and distinction of having erected and put into operation
the first citrus fruit fertilizer factory in Florida, and
probably the first of its kind in the world; a factory
manufacturing fertilizer with a high percentage of am-
monia from the peeling and waste fruit from the canning
plant and packing houses, turning into a useful product
every part of the fruit except the oil derived from the
seed and peeling, and experiments are being made with
that to determine a practical use for it.
Having conducted experiments with the highly avail-
able ammonia contents of the waste peeling and fruit
the Florida Fruit Canners, Inc., have become convinced
that it is a practical fertilizer and one that will mean
a saving to the citrus grower, and are therefore draw-
ing plans for the erection of a factory and have placed
orders for machinery to be used in the plant. This new
plant will be in operation and ready to deliver the
finished product by November.
PAYS FLORIDA A COMPLIMENT
(New Smyrna News, June 19, 1930)
Everywhere are good roads-one of the extravagances,
perhaps, of the boom-but they are a delightful luxury
in a summer country, and they are partly paid for by the
gasoline tax in which the tourists automatically and
properly share. So you can motor all over Florida, in
great comfort, with never a hillside and scarcely a slope
to affright you. Through endless miles of scrub oak
and stunted pine, across cypress swamps and palmetto
jungle; past hundreds of lakes, each with its peculiar
charm; through restful old southern towns and hectic
neo-Spanish and pseudo-Moorish boom developments, to
all the beaches from Daytona to Miami, and then, if you
like, on to Key West. Florida presents a thousand at-
tractions to its army of winter tourists.-Los Angeles
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
TWENTY MILLION BOX CROP AND BETTER
CITRUS PRICES ARE PREDICTED
(Tampa Times, July 2, 1930)
The citrus yield in Florida, which amounted to ap-
proximately 15,000,000 boxes last year, will be increased
by at least one-third in the coming season, L. B. Skinner,
of Dunedin, one of Pinellas county's largest growers and
owner of the Hillsboro hotel here, told The Times in an
Mr. Skinner predicted that from 20 to 22 million boxes
of grapefruit and oranges will be marketed in the
1930-31 season. The canned product is on the upgrade,
he said, and the coming year should see a material in-
crease in this branch of the industry.
"There is no doubt but that the finest crop we have
ever known in Florida was made last year," Mr. Skinner
declared. "Prices generally were good, due in no small
measure to the cooperative movement. The greater num-
ber of growers is becoming more and more pleased with
what we call unified action and unified marketing. There
is a new era developing in the marketing field.
"The crop next season should not only be the larger,
but it will be earlier and superior, compared with the
crop the past season. This can be attributed chiefly to
the continual heavy rains and warm weather we have
had recently. Oranges and grapefruit in most groves in
this section are about half grown now. The season, or-
dinarily beginning toward the latter part of September,
should begin around the first of September this year."
Mr. Skinner owns between 500 and 600 acres in orange
groves near Dunedin, and he said the only Mediterranean
fruit fly he ever saw was on exhibition this year at the
South Florida fair. To his knowledge, he added, there
was never one of these pests found in his groves.
Speaking of the canning of citrus fruits, Mr. Skinner
pointed out that large manufacturers are seriously con-
sidering the establishment of canning factories in the
"For years, the Del Monte Company has been canning
pineapples. Everyone knows there are thousands of pine-
apples canned every year, and there is no reason in the
world why the same thing cannot be done with oranges
and grapefruit on a really large scale.
"The Del Monte people are considering two or three
locations now to put up factories, and I am firmly con-
vinced there will be others to follow in the next few
CITRUS EXCHANGE INCREASED FRUIT
PER CENT HANDLED
(South Florida Developer, July 4, 1930)
The season of 1929-30 was distinguished by major
factors which largely counteracted each other to the
advantage of the grower and allowed them very good
returns, summarizes C. C. Commander, general manager
of the Florida Citrus Exchange, in his annual report just
The adverse factors of the quarantine regulations and
the poorer quality and appearance of the fruit, which
made operations difficult the entire season, were mate-
rially offset by the short crop, not only in Florida, but
in the nation, the report stated. The national crop was
26,569 cars less than the preceding season, a decrease
of 20 per cent, compared with the Florida crop decrease
of 33 per cent.
Exchange operations were featured by a reversal of
the usual situation associated with its development. The
Exchange made a net gain in volume, rising to control
39.5 per cent of the crop. It is the history of the Ex-
change, reported Mr. Commander, that its increases in
control usually come in seasons of heavy production, with
losses in the light crop years. Mr. Commander credits
much of this progress to the recognition and assistance
of the Federal Farm Board, but points out that the small
grower-contract gain was almost half of the total in-
crease and therefore mergers, while important, were not
wholly responsible for the gain.
$5,469.00 FOR CUCUMBERS GROWN ON
TWELVE ACRES AT NARCOOSSEE
(Kissimmee Valley Gazette, May 29, 1930)
Does trucking pay in this section of Florida? Read
what three men have done in the Narcoossee section
growing cucumbers, and answer the question for your-
A little over two years ago, Messrs. P. M. House, T. L.
Clapp, and R. L. House, experienced truck growers, who
came to Florida several years ago from Oklahoma and
engaged in trucking in other portions of the state de-
cided to go in search of soil and climate particularly
adapted to the growing of vegetables. And after making
a thorough investigation of many places, located just
across the northern line of Narcoossee townsite, each
purchased ten acres. The first year was spent in building
homes and fences and getting the ground in condition
for planting besides raising a small amount of vegetables
for home consumption and sale on the local market. And
this spring was the first time they engaged in trucking
on such a scale that justified shipping in car lots. Be-
sides a fair crop of beans and other varieties of truck,
they planted twelve acres in cucumbers on the sixth day
of March and gathered and shipped the last hamper on
May 22, the crop yielding $5,469 in the norther markets,
And this too, during the worst drought of the season,
and there is no question but what with the proper amount
of rainfall the yield would have doubled.
This is no great sum of money to make per acre from
land in this section, yet it will be looked upon as a miracle
by many farmers in the north, who consider $30 an
acre a good yield for an all year crop, and there are
many business men with thousands invested who do not
net half the profits in the entire year that these gentle-
men did in less than 80 days. And don't lose sight of the
important feature of this story, which is, that these
gentlemen have more than nine months left to produce
other crops which will put in their pockets equally if
not more dollars than did these cucumbers. Of course
this land is thoroughly drained, but two years ago was
under water and these gentlemen state that it is their
intention to tap the big canal that runs from Lake Hart
into Lake A. J. for water to irrigate their land in case
of drought in which canal gates are now being placed to
hold the water at high level.
Several tracts ranging from ten to sixty acres have
been purchased in that section and the owners are busy
getting them in shape for planting this fall, which fact
justifies the statement that Narcoossee will become one
of the important shipping points for vegetables in the
STUDENT STRESSES NEED OF TECHNICAL
TRAINING FOR FARMERS IN RECENT
Tells What Vocational Agriculture Has Done
(By Mallory Roberts, in Sanford Herald, May 5, 1930)
Not one per cent of our farmers have been skilfully
and technically trained for the vocation of farming. This
statement does not imply that they are inefficient farm-
ers; it merely means that they have had no organized
and systematic training for their vocation. The fact of
their lack of training, however, does imply a social waste
since organized and systematic training for the vocation
of farming would be, in my opinion, as valuable to
farmers, and to society as a whole, as such training is to
a doctor, a lawyer or a teacher, or any other member
of the numerous professions or vocations. This social
waste in connection with the farmer and with workers in
numerous other industries, is due primarily to the fact
that in the past the youth of this nation, in grades less
than college, have not had advantage of a course in agri-
culture, or any other vocation, that is, the vocation in
which men and women must engage in order to supply
us with what we need to live.
In days gone by the farmer's life was a hard, unappre-
ciative life. He worked from sun up until sun down to
supply the people with vegetables, fruit, cotton, etc., but
he was considered a common-place being, here merely to
go through life and make a living for himself and his
family. Today, thank goodness, the farmer has a place
in the social life and is considered as a man and not a
mere machine. A man who can grow citrus economically
and yet get good results is considered a business man.
The same applies to a good truck farmer. How is all this
accomplished? By the experimental stations and farmers
who have the interest of their fellow farmers at heart.
The future still holds a better chance for the farmer.
Today we have the vocational agriculture classes-Future
Farmers of Florida and the like, and a fine name they
are making for themselves. I dare say there is no other
class in the rural high school that offers more practical
information, more instruction that one can use every day
in every way. Take history with its wonderful studies of
how nations have come and gone, English with its differ-
ent forms of speech, mathematics with its many systems
of solving problems, none can compare in regard to prac-
tical knowledge as a course in vocational agriculture.
In our agriculture class we each took different projects.
I took citrus culture for mine. It is about this project,
what I have learned first hand in my own grove and
through the guidance of my teacher, that I am going to
tell you about tonight.
From 40 to 50 per cent of the total costs of produc-
ing oranges is consumed in fertilizers. Therefore, first in
the mind of the farm operator comes fertilizer and how
to apply it economically. The plan which I am using is
based on the tests made by the Lake Alfred Experiment
Station. This plan has proven most successful through-
out the state. I find on investigation that the results are
most satisfying. My grove, together with numerous
others, proves that this method is by far the most effi-
cient and I can say by far the most economical.
I took three acres of twelve-year-old citrus pro-
ducing six boxes per tree. The man from whom I
got this grove used a commercial mixture. On tak-
ing this grove I resolved to cut the cost in half and
at the same time produce just as much fruit and a
better grade. First, I secured the former owner's
record. These records showed that he spent $68.56
for fertilizing and cultivating per acre, using the
commercial mixtures. He produced 360 boxes from
60 trees to the acre, making the cost of growing a
box of fruit approximately 19 cents-a very large
sum. This is for fertilizer and cultivation alone.
Together with my agriculture teacher we worked out
the fertilizing schedule and used a method proven to
be the best at the Lake Alfred Experiment Station.
Today I am fertilizing my grove at $33.00 per acre,
allowing $7 for mowing, dragging out, pruning, etc.
This makes a total of $40.00 per acre, making the
cost approximately 11 cents per box and cutting the
cost to almost half. Isn't it the best? isn't it logi-
cal that we should use this method?
This is my schedule for the nitrogen part of the fer-
Four pounds Nitrate of Soda per tree about February
Four pounds Nitrate of Soda per tree about May 15th.
Four pounds Nitrate of Soda per tree about November
If after the May application the trees begin to show
the need for food by yellowing of the leaves, I will give
them an additional application of one pound of Nitrate
of Soda to the tree.
Now for the phosphorus and potash. I put 13 pounds
of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent), and 1 pounds of
Sulphate of Potash on in May, making a complete and
good schedule. This is a time and labor saving practice,
for the experimental stations and growers have demon-
strated that the phosphorus and potash may be applied
in this way and the same results will be had as where
three applications are made.
The next question which comes up in the farmer's
mind, what shall I plant for a cover crop? There are
several kinds of cover crops, such as crotalaria, cowpeas
and the like. The one I decided to use is crotalaria.
Why did I decide for this? Because it produces from 4
to 6 tons per acre of bulky humus, and organic nitrogen.
I planted about the middle of March. It can be sown
apy time between March 1st and June 1st. I will mow
the cover crop down after July if there is a dry period.
If not, I will wait until October or November, leaving it
on top of the ground.
Just as the apple growers in the north have found that
plowing cuts up the roots and hinders production, so have
the progressive citrus growers in Florida found that they
save money, withstand droughts and raise better crops
when they abandon plowing. Therefore, the only culti-
vating instrument I can be justified in using is the mow-
ing machine. The reason the hammock soils are so rich
is because nature has deposited for years enormous
amounts of organic matter which was never plowed under.
In the same way the grower should put large amounts
of organic material in his grove through cover crops and
mulch with the mowed cover crop. Experimental stations
the world over have demonstrated in the field that plow-
ing often reduces the amount of surface moisture and
at no time increased it. The experiments did show,
however, that the amount of nitrogen in the soil and
the amount of humus was reduced because of cultiva-
If you analyze a sack of fertilizer you will find that
nine times out of ten, the phosphorus element is 8 per
cent. I can not find out from the experiment station
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
nor can any grower tell me that so much phosphorus is
justified. In a ton of any fertilizer, whose phosphorus
content is 8 per cent, there is one-half ton of acid phos-
phate, a very cheap material. When we pay from $45
to $50 per ton for fertilizer common sense would tell
us not to have half of that fertilizer made up of a mate-
rial which costs only $12 per ton. Now we all know
that the nitrate content of a commercial mixture is made
up of sulphate of ammonia, nitrate of soda, and some
organic. The organic material is usually from 250 to
300 pounds in a ton, which costs at the rate of from
$40 to $60 per ton. Why pay good money for this little
bit of organic matter when we can grow from 4 to 6
tons of organic material in the form of crotalaria for
$5, which I am sure would fill the need better.
I am using the same materials that a commercial fer-
tilizer contains, namely; soluble nitrate, acid phosphate
and sulphate of potash. The only difference is that I
grow my own organic instead of buying them. In buy-
ing a commercial fertilizer you will pay at the rate of
from $100 to $150 per ton for nitrate of soda, $40 a
ton for acid phosphate and from $200 to $300 for sul-
phate of potash. Why pay this enormous rate for the
same materials that you can get for almost one-fourth
of these prices? This is what my project taught me in
regard to cold facts in citrus growing and the same facts
will ultimately be taught to all the citrus growers.
The farm is fast taking its place among the leading
vocations. Where before the Indian made his camp, a
farm is springing up. May we, the Future Farmers of
Florida, do our utmost to advance this industry still
farther, striving to make this state one blossoming, thriv-
ing state of groves, truck farms and ferneries. How can
this be brought to pass? By every person striving to do
his best in both classroom and field.
I thank you.
Future Farmers of Florida who participated in the state-wide Future Farmer Public Speaking Contest held in
Gainesville, June 9, 1930. Speeches broadcast over radio station WRUF.
Reading left to right, the boys are-(1) Bill Carter of Plant City; (2) Albert Reams of Aucilla; (3) Mallory
Roberts of Crescent City, and (4) Travis Bynum of Jay.
Winner-Mallory Roberts of Crescent City as winner in the state contest will represent Florida in the
Regional Future Farmers of America Public Speaking Contest in Athens, Georgia, early in October, this year.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
Florida Products To Be Exhibited at Northern
Fairs and Literature To Be Judiciously
(Florida Grower, July, 1930)
Florida's varied agricultural and industrial resources
and its recreational and residential advantages will be
advertised this summer by an exhibit of the Florida State
Department of Agriculture to be displayed at northern
fairs and expositions which have an estimated attendance
of 4,000,000 people. J. A. McIntosh, of Tallahassee, who
built the exhibit at Tampa last month, will have charge
of its exhibition throughout the north.
Feature of the exhibit is a scene which shows the
landing of DeSoto on Tampa Bay, when he is credited by
some historians with the introduction of citrus fruits into
this country. Immediately below is a Florida landscape
with a miniature mechanical freight train which comes
and goes, along with the information that Florida now
ships a carload of fruits or vegetables to the north for
every minute in the year. The idea of Commissioner of
Agriculture Nathan Mayo, the beginning of Florida hor-
ticulture is thus compared with its present vast develop-
A canopy made with the state's colors-orange and
blue-forms the background. In one section of the ex-
hibit there is displayed 110 grains and grasses grown in
Florida, together with such products as tobacco, tung
oil, peanuts, pecans and cigars made from Florida to-
baccos. One hundred and eighty different kinds of pre-
served Florida fruits and vegetables are also shown.
Fresh citrus fruits and vegetables will be shown when
available. A display of sponges and other marine re-
sources, and of some beautiful examples of Florida's wild
bird life, completes the exhibit.
OKRA A PROFITABLE CROP IN HENDRY
CLEARED ON ONE ACRE
(Hendry County News, June 12, 1930)
One thousand dollars worth of okra realized from one
acre and picking still good is the enviable record of E. B.
Fortson of Felda.
Mr. Fortson ships most of his okra to the Jacksonville
market. He is picking and shipping now at the rate of
three or four crates a day.
This acre crop of okra has been steadily yielding for
the past five months and is still blooming and bearing,
according to Mr. and Mrs. L. N. Thomas of Felda, who
are authority for this story of a wonderfully productive
Hendry county acre. Mr. Fortson is a son-in-law of
ex-Commissioner L. N. Thomas, and the two men have
farmed extensively together in Felda.
Heavy rains have damaged the late tomatoes, but Mr.
Fortson and other Felda farmers were successful with the
early tomato crop.
Squash was also a prolific crop during the early winter
and spring season, says Mr. Thomas. At times as many
as four or five big produce trucks from Orlando, Tampa
and Miami came into Felda and hauled away daily loads
The heavy rains spoiled the late tomato crop and
seriously injured the watermelons. For the first time in
years Felda is not shipping a car load of watermelons to
northern markets. Truck loads are being hauled away to
nearby markets, but the yield is small as compared with
For three consecutive years Felda, Hendry county,
held the record of being first in the State of Florida to
ship watermelons in carload lots to northern markets.
TURKEY RAISING IN FLORIDA
Former Missourian Makes the Favorite Thanks-
giving and Christmas Bird Bring Profit
in a Year
(By Jay C. Smith)
J. B. Harper is demonstrating that an especially fine
quality of Thanksgiving and Christmas turkeys may be
raised profitably in Florida. Mr. and Mrs. Harper came
from Kansas City, Missouri, to Lakeland in March, 1929,
after visiting many parts of Florida looking for a loca-
tion. In April they purchased a forty-acre tract of
uncleared land entirely surrounding a small lake, two
miles north of Dover. Mr. Harper's first idea was to start
a bass hatchery. This idea did not develop satisfactorily,
and he turned his attention to poultry. During the year
he has experimented with Pekin ducks, Toulouse and
China geese, guineas, Mammoth Bronze turkeys and a
few chickens. He soon turned his attention almost ex-
clusively to turkeys. He imported day-old polts when-
ever possible to obtain them from the best breeding stock
in the country. Not having sufficient polts, he bought
eggs for hatching from the best breeders. His flock last
year consisted of 500 as beautiful turkeys as have been
In talking of his work, Mr. Harper said he had no
previous poultry experience except to gather eggs on
his father's farm when he was a boy. "It costs no
more," he said, "to feed a bird with a good breeding, and
the results are so much more satisfactory. Most of my
stock was purchased last spring from the best turkey
strains, but as an experiment I purchased a few birds
from breeders not so well selected. I found that blood
will tell, for the better bred birds developed an average
of 12 to 15 pounds by Thanksgiving, some weighing as
much as 24 pounds, while the poorer bred birds only
made 7 to 10 pounds. These turkeys all ran together,
had the same attention and the same troughs. Each one
was banded, so there was no difficulty in checking re-
Mr. Harper is still experimenting. He raises Mam-
moth Bronze turkeys and recently purchased three new
gobblers from the Bird Bros. flock in Pennsylvania. He
selected 100 breeding hens from his own best stock.
From these he picked the 30 best and mated them in
three pens with the gobblers. He is producing some of
his best breeding stock from these pens. The turkeys
which he is raising for next winter's market are bred with
his own gobblers, selecting the best for that purpose.
During the season last year he raised 500 turkeys, and
this year plans a flock of 2,000 birds. When he mar-
keted the Thanksgiving and Christmas turkeys he re-
ceivea several cents a pound better than the average
market, as his stock was milk fed and received careful
attention throughout the entire season. In continuing
his experiments with the turkeys that will be best for the
Florida markets, he is trying a few Bourbon Reds and
White Hollands and will make comparison of the cost
and market value compared with the Mammoth Bronze.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
J. B. HARPER POULTRY FARM NEAR DOVER, FLA.
J. B. HARPER POULTRY FARM NEAR DOVER, FLA.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
Culture, Farmers Cyclopedia and Vocational Education,
on hand, which the Department will very gladly send to
any upon request. If you have not received one of these
Quarterly Bulletins they will be found to be of value to
you in connection with agricultural work and study.
SENATOR FLETCHER SHOWS HOW
FLORIDA PROFITS BY NEW TARIFF
(Mulberry Press, June 27, 1930)
Senator Duncan U. Fletcher (Democrat) is following
up his vote with the Republicans in passing the Hawley-
Smoot tariff bill, by explaining the advantages which
accrue to Florida from its passage. He has prepared the
following tabulation of items in the bill of special interest
to growers and producers in Florida:
Alton Knight of Plant City and his forestry seed-bed.
ALTON KNIGHT OF PLANT CITY AGRICUL-
TURAL SCHOOL WINS TRIP TO
(By J. G. Smith)
Alton Knight of Plant City won the free trip to
Kansas City offered by the Florida Forest Service to the
boy enrolled in High School Vocational Agriculture who
had the best forestry seed-bed in the state. This an-
nouncement was made recently in Gainesville by Harry
Lee Baker, state forester.
A large number of the boys taking Vocational Agri-
culture in Hillsborough county entered this contest last
fall and planted seed-beds of pine seed, competing with
other boys throughout the state. There were many very
fine seed-beds, but Alton Knight was adjudged the out-
standing boy in this work in the state. H. A. Smith,
assistant state forester, and H. E. Wood, assistant state
supervisor of agricultural education, were the judges in
this forestry contest.
Alton planted his forestry seed-bed on the edge of his
yard, near the house, where he could give it constant
attention. He watered it daily until the seed germinated,
after which he kept the bed weeded, and protected it
from animals and birds. He was able to report at the
end of the contest with practically 100% stand of pine
seedlings in his seed-bed.
Alton, along with the other Plant City boys enrolled in
vocational agriculture, has assisted in planting seven
acres of pine forest for the agricultural school.
Alton is a member of the Future Farmer organization
and is looking forward with pleasure to the wonderful
trip in store for him this fall. While in Kansas City
Alton will attend the meetings of the National Congress,
Future Farmers of America, and will visit the American
Royal Live Stock Show, which will also be in progress.
JULY QUARTERLY BULLETIN
Nbw Ready for Distribution and Will Be Sent
Free Upon Request
The July Quarterly Bulletin, "Agriculture and Re-
lated Subjects," is now being mailed out to those on the
regular list and will be sent free on request to any in-
terested. There are still a number of copies of Rural
Duty Under Duty Under
Item 1922 Act 1930 Act
Spirits ............................... .......... ...... Free 10 p. c. Ad. Val.
G um ........... .. ......................... ............ F ree 10 p. c. A d. V al.
Rosin ................ .......... ....... ..... .........Free 5 p. c. Ad. Val.
Wood tar and pitch; wood and tar
oil from wood................................. Free 1 cent per Ib.
Lumber.................................. .... Free $1.00 per M
Wrapped tobacco (unstemmed) ................ $2.10 per Ib. $2.27% per lb.
Eggs (in shell)..................................... ...c doz. 10c doz.
Lemons .......... .. ................. 2c lb. 2%c lb.
Limes........... .................. .. c lb. 2c lb.
Grapefruit.................... .. .... ...... ......c lb. 2c lb.
In crates ...............22%c per lb., 1.96 cu. ft. 50c per lb., 2.45 cu. ft.
In bulk ................ ...%c each 1 1-16c each
Tulip.............. ... ...................................... $2.00 per M
L ilies................................................... ...... $2.00 per M
Narcissus ...... ............................... ......$2.00 per M
Crocus Corm s ............................................... $1.00 per M
Lily of the Valley (pips) ........................... $2.00 per M
U nshelled.................. .............................3 per lb.
Sh elled ............................................... .......... 4 per Ib.
U shelled ..................................................... 3c per lb.
Shelled .............................. 6c per lb.
Vegetables in Their Natural State
Green beans........................... ...................% c per lb.
G reen or unripe......................................... c per lb.
Onions ................ .................1%c per Ib.
W hite or Irish.................... ............ 50c per 100 Ibs.
Tomatoes ... ............ ............ ... 1Ac per lb.
Turnips and rutabagas ............... 12c per 100 lbs.
Peppers...........................................25 p. c. Ad. Val.
Eggplants...... ................................... 25 p. c. Ad. Val.
Cucumbers........................ ........... 25 p. c. Ad. Val.
Squash.............................................. 25 p. c. Ad. Val.
Celery......................................... ...25 p. c. A d. V al.
Lettuce........ .............. ..................... 25 p. c. Ad. V al.
Cabbage............................... 25 p. c. Ad. Val.
$6.00 per M
$6.00 per M
$6.00 per M
$2.00 per M
$6.00 per M
4%c per lb.
7 c per lb.
5 c per lb.
10 c per lb.
3%c per lb.
3 c per lb.
2%c per Ib.
75c per 100 lbs.
3c per lb.
20c per 100 lbs.
3c per Ib.
3c per Ib.
3c per lb.
2c per lb.
2c per lb.
2c per lb.
2c per lb.
With staple of 1% inches or more............Free 7c per lb.
A cannery down at Plant City saved $14,000 to the
growers there this past season by canning up 140,000
quarts of over-ripe strawberries, which otherwise would
have gone to waste. We need a canning plant here to
take care of our surplus fruits and vegetables during the
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
GRAPE GROWING INSPECTED
Future of Industry in Leon County Studied by
(Wakulla County News, June 27, 1930)
The opportunities for a local grape-growing project
will be investigated by a group of about thirty promi-
nent business men of the city who have scheduled a
motorcade this afternoon at 5:30 o'clock to Col. Lloyd
Griscom's Luna plantation ten miles out on the Thomas-
ville highway. The group, led by Guyte P. McCord, J. W.
Collins, George E. Lewis, F. B. Winthrop, J. O. Perkins,
C. L. Mizell, C. L. Waller, T. S. Green and E. G. Rivers
will study the possibilities of the venture as demonstrated
by Colonel Griscom, who has planted over a hundred
acres in grapes that are said to be superior to the variety
on the northern markets produced by California.
It was pionted out by Mr. McCord that whereas Cali-
fornia grapes in northern markets have been selling at
ten cents per pound Florida grapes have been selling for
fifteen cents a pound, and that the trial venture by Mr.
Griscom last year was rendered profitable in local mar-
kets at a sale of ten cents per pound even though he was
unable to take advantage of a higher northern market
price due to the fruit fly embargo.
Mr. McCord stated that if Tallahassee, and Leon county
in general, has any hope of expanding and drawing in
fresh money such a hope rests either in the hands of
local farm leaders or in the hands of the business leaders
in the city of Tallahassee. So far no such farm leaders
have been in evidence and it is now up to the progres-
sive business men of Tallahassee to take over the reins
of local progress and develop with capital and effort
every possibility that Tallahassee has.
A general invitation to anyone interested to join the
motorcade to the state grape growers' convention to be
held at Orlando, on July 1 and 2, has been offered by
B. K. Eaton, superintendent of Colonel Griscom's planta-
tion. The convention will be held at the San Juan hotel.
Mayor Giles, Paul Harbor, secretary of the Lake County
Chamber of Commerce; E. L. Lord, president of the State
Grape Growers' Association; H. G. Clayton, district
agent; Prof. George R. Hoffman, horticulturist on the
Penney-Guinn farms; Dr. Charles Demko of Altoona; A.
E. Pickard, E. E. Truskett, W. J. Stover, Florida grape
growers; S. W. Hiatt, fruit and vegetable marketing
specialist; Karl Lehman, secretary, Orange County Cham-
ber of Commerce; L. M. Rhodes, state marketing com-
missioner; representative from the fruit fly board, Harold
Mowery, horticulturist from Gainesville, and A. M.
Rhodes, pathologist, will all take active part in the pro-
gram of speaking and demonstration.
250 ACRES ON MILES FARM LEASED TO BE
CULTIVATED IN FALL
(Ft. Myers Tropical News, July 1, 1930)
The good effects of the tariff are already accounted
for in Lee county by the announcement yesterday by
Charles F. Miles that 250 acres of farm land owned by
Franklin Miles Association have been contracted for by
parties who plan on putting it to peppers, eggplant and
some strawberries next season. On top of that Mr. Miles
says that 300 more acres of his land along McGregor
boulevard has already been spoken for and by fall he
expects to have the entire 700-acre tract under cultiva-
tion. He was unable last night to make public the names
of the men who have already contracted for almost half
of his acreage, but reported that they were all respon-
sible parties and possessed the financing necessary to
work the land.
Nearly half the Miles tract lay idle last season, and
assurances that it all would be planted and worked dur-
ing the coming winter bore out recent forecasts of W.
Paul Hayman, county agent, that Lee county was in for a
bumper crop year, with the tariff giving Florida farmers
an opportunity to compete with Mexican and Cuban
Indication that part of the Miles land will be planted
to strawberries is seen as the introduction on a commer-
cial scale of a relatively new product for Lee county.
Strawberry culture is being fostered by the chamber of
commerce. More than 20 local growers have already
signified that they would plant from one to five acres in
berries this fall.
GRAPE INDUSTRY IS DISCUSSED AT MEET
Development of Project Is Stressed
(Orlando Sentinel, July 2, 1930)
Florida's grape industry was the subject of several
talks at the weekly meeting of the Orlando chamber of
commerce yesterday. The program was presented by
delegates to the state grape growers' convention under
the direction of Clifford R. Hiatt, Tavares, Lake county
agent, who is secretary of the Florida Grape Growers'
E. L. Lord, professor of horticulture at the University
of Florida, president of the grape growers' organization,
pointed to the rapid development of grape culture in
Florida during the last decade. He stated that there
were 5,000 acres of grapes under cultivation of which
more than half were grown in Lake and Orange coun-
Touching on the work of the state association during
the six years of its existence, he declared the outstand-
ing accomplishments to be the standardization of the
package, the establishment of cooperative marketing and
the compiling and distribution of literature and informa-
tion leading to better crop production.
E. M. Dunn, Daytona Beach, prominent grape grower,
stated that based on carload shipments grapes ranked
second of the fruits with 78,000 cars shipped annually.
Apples was first with 122,000 carloads and oranges third.
He pointed out that 80 per cent of the nation's grapes
were marketed in September and October, this being
largely the California crop, while Florida's marketing
season reached its height in July and August.
The third speaker was L. M. Rhodes, Jacksonville, state
marketing commissioner. He stated that during the ten
year period from 1917 to 1927 the production of grapes
increased by 400 per cent and that at present one ton
of grapes were produced for every 100 people in the
United States. Florida's advantage in grape culture he
declared to be a two to six weeks earlier shipping season
and closer proximity to the large eastern and northern
Grapes were provided at the dinner through the
courtesy of H. C. Brown, Clermont, and W. E. Gibson,
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
CATTLE FEVER TICK ERADICATION WILL
BE COMPLETED JUNE 28TH
Nassau Cattlemen Will Buy Purebred Bulls
(Nassau County Leader, June 27, 1930)
Release of the 50 dipping vat areas in Nassau county
from further dipping, was started on June 16, on which
date the J. Braddock, Wesch, A'Costa, Old Town, Amelia
City, Gantz, and Davis vat areas completed their cam-
paign against the cattle fever tick. On each day follow-
ing the release of these vats, another group was freed
of the dipping, this continuing until Saturday, June 28,
on which day the last group will have finished the work.
The State Veterinarian, Dr. J. V. Knapp, representing
the State Live Stock Sanitary Board, and charged with
the responsibility of the tick eradication work in the
state, extends his sincere congratulations to the cattle-
men of Nassau county and also his appreciation for the
unexcelled cooperation the cattle owners gave the Board
of the United States Bureau of Animal Industry, in the
fight against the pest.
A survey of Nassau county has just been completed
by Dr. R. L. Brinkman, veterinarian, conducting final tick
eradication and live stock improvement work for the
board. This survey was for the purpose of obtaining
information with reference to the present status of the
cattle industry and determining the plans of cattle owners
with reference to herd improvement, which is naturally
the next step to take following the tick eradication.
Nassau cattle owners are going to take full advantage of
their tick-free ranges and pastures and plan to use pure-
bred bulls in breeding their herds.
Already ten good bulls have been brought in to the
county. On this survey, J. W. Vanzant placed an order
with the State Live Stock Sanitary Board for a pure
registered Angus bull. About fifteen cattlemen advised
the Board that they expected to purchase purebred
registered bulls this coming fall and spring. Noteworthy
of the expressions of the cattlemen were enthusiastic in
their praise of the tick eradication work and advised
that their cattle are looking fine and that less losses on
the ranges were experienced during the last winter than
ever before, many stating that they did not lose a head
during last winter, while heretofore losses run from 5
per cent to 25 per cent.
Mr. C. N. Adams, of the U. S. Bureau of Animal In-
dustry, cooperated in making the survey.
GET OFF THE MAIN ROAD INTO THE BACK
COUNTRY TO VIEW FLORIDA FARMING
(Milton Gazette, July 1, 1930)
Visitors to Florida who drive through the country
often express surprise at not seeing more crops growing.
Almost always the answer given by the native Floridian
is to "get off of the main highways and into the back
A large part of the farming operations of the state
are carried on off of the main highways and in the back
country. However, there is a considerable amount of
good farming carried on near the principal highways.
There are just so many stretches of idle land along the
highways that the crops seem insignificant.
The fact still remains, however, that the largest part
of the farming operations in Florida, unless it be of
citrus, is carried on in the back country or the part of
the state off of the main roads. The reasons for this I
don't know. Possibly it is because land fronting on the
paved roads is more expensive, while that off of the
road is not quite so expensive.
Getting back off of the main highways to see farm
crops, however, reminds me of another thought. It is
the fact that the back country, where many of the state's
farmers live, should be developed. As land gets higher
near the towns, and the farming gradually moves back, it
will be necessary for the farmers going into the back
country to face some new problems. They have faced
many problems of the farming game, but each new farm
is a new problem, and at least some of the efforts of
agencies for helping the farmer should be devoted to
the back country.
Fortunately this is being done to a considerable extent
already, but it needs to be carried forward without
slackening up. It is from the back country of the United
States that many of the nation's leaders have come.
TO GROW CUCUMBERS ON COMMERCIAL
(Gadsden County Times, June 26, 1930)
Cucumbers will be grown on a commercial scale in
Gadsden county as a fall crop for the first time this year.
The chamber of commerce has the contracts ready for
signing, and the farmers are urged to call at the office
and get information. Cucumbers are grown best on fine,
well-drained sandy loam soil, with preferably a southern
slope. The cucumber crop here is to be planted largely
under shade, but it is not considered advisable to plant
your crops on lands where root-knot has been evident.
It is recommended that the land on which the crop is to
be grown be plowed fairly deep and well drained, with
all vegetation on the land well turned under. If this has
not been done it is advisable to do so as quickly as possi-
ble, it is said.
About eight hundred to twelve hundred pounds of fer-
tilizer, analyzing 5 per cent ammonia, 7 per cent potash
and 5 per cent acid should be used per acre, half the
fertilizer being applied ten days before planting and the
remainder before blooming time. An application of
nitrate as a side dressing is also advisable at blooming
time, about 100 pounds per acre being used.
Cucumbers are usually planted in hills four to six feet
apart each way. Eight to ten seeds should be planted
to the hill. After the plants are well established they
can be thinned to about four to the hill. It will be
advisable to plant your cucumber seed the latter part of
August or early in September.
As soon as the cucumber plants are large enough they
should be given shallow and frequent cultivation. This
hastens growth and causes the plants to put on early
blooms; this point is essential, as your crop must be made
quickly and harvested before frost damage occurs.
Dusting the vines with copper lime dust and arsenate
lead to control cucumber bud worm and prevent fungus
disease to which this vegetable is susceptible is very
necessary. This dusting is best done with dusting guns
made for this purpose. Growers can save money by pur-
chasing dust machines cooperatively. The necessary
dust, seed and hampers will be furnished local con-
tractors for acreage free of charge. You are asked to
call at the chamber of commerce office at once if you
wish to earn some money raising this crop.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
FLORIDA BIRTHS EXCEED DEATHS
State Gains 8,698 Potential Citizens During
(Florida Times-Union, May 29, 1930)
Florida gained 8,698 potential citizens during 1929, it
was indicated in a statistical announcement yesterday
from the State Board of Health, which placed that figure
as the excess of births over deaths during the year.
According to Dr. Stewart G. Thompson, director of the
state board's bureau of vital statistics, births during 1929
totaled 26,853, as compared with a total of 29,776 births
during the previous year. Total deaths for 1929 were
announced some time ago as numbering 18,155.
Births decreased in fifty counties during 1929 as com-
pared with 1928, while increases were shown in the fol-
lowing counties, according to Dr. Thompson's announce-
ment: Baker, Bradford, Citrus, Collier, Dixie, Flagler,
Gilchrist, Gulf, Hendry, Hernando, Liberty, Martin, Okee-
chobee, Seminole, Taylor, Walton and Washington.
In the state as a whole the increase of births over
deaths among the white population was 7,436, and the
natural increase among negroes, 1,262, according to the
report. The total births included 18,296 whites; 8,557
Duval county led the state in births, a total of 2,945
(1,924 whites, 1,021 negroes). Hillsborough was next
with an aggregate of 2,626 (2,171 whites, 455 negroes);
Dade was third with 2,225 (1,557 whites, 668 negroes),
and the other counties making up the ten leaders are:
Polk, 1,427 (1,109 whites, 318 negroes); Escambia, 1,083
(863 whites, 220 negroes); Orange, 927 (686 whites,
241 negroes); Pinellas, 868 (637 whites, 231 negroes);
Palm Beach, 750 (522 whites, 228 negroes); Jackson, 740
(430 whites, 310 negroes), and Gadsden, 689 (272 whites,
FRIENDLY COMPLIMENTS FROM NORTH
(Fort Myers Topic, June 1, 1930)
As a winter resort Florida unquestionably has "come
back" and more than come back. It is growing in popu-
larity every year. It is cashing in at last healthily and
abundantly on the superb advertising which it has en-
joyed for a long period and on the intelligent provision
which it has made for taking care of visitors. There
are accommodations in Florida to fit every pocket book.
Most of those who go there to escape the harsh climates
of their own communities, but for those who want amuse-
ments entertainment of varied type is available.
To a large extent Florida has cleaned house finan-
cially; that is to say those who plunged foolishly in the
period of speculative excesses and those who bit off more
than they could chew in that day of grandiose dreams,
have accepted their losses and taken their punishment.
The hotels and other enterprises of Florida are now, most
of them, in strong hands. Florida is going ahead, not
only surely, but swiftly.
It will continue to go ahead. There never was a doubt
about Florida's future. Too many people had discovered
its wonderful possibilities. Too many people had faith
in its future and were ready to back that faith with works
and with money. The revival that began on a large scale
in Florida last year and which is being continued on a
still larger scale this year is a tribute to the substantial
merits of Florida's claims and a further tribute to the
courage and steadfastness of its people.
The people of western North Carolina may well take
note of what is happening in Florida; for Florida's ex-
perience ought to prove an inspiration to us and should
spur us on to make the most of our own unexcelled op-
portunities.-Asheville (N. C.) Citizen.
CLEARING FOR 500 ADDED ACRES TUNG
TREES NOW UNDER WAY
Crews at Work East and South of Present Tung
Tree Settings-End of Year Will Probably
See 1,000 Acres or More Ready to Set
(Clermont Press, June 12, 1930)
Clearing of 500 additional acres of tung tree setting
was started Tuesday by Trimbey Properties, the acreage
lying east and south of the present 200-acre area now in
Mr. Trimbey's instruction to this local office is to pro-
ceed with the work gradually, pointing out the preference
of giving full summer's work to local labor, rather than
entering into the program extensively enough to necessi-
tate the importation of outside labor to hasten a task
that, at the least, need only be done in time to relieve
the men for citrus picking in October and November.
While the immediate goal, as set by Mr. Trimbey, is
for only 500 acres, there is a strong probability that
after July 1 this program will be extended by several
hundred additional acres, when employment will be
offered still more in the clearing and preparation of the
Early spring rains, at the time the trees were set,
coupled with much more than average precipitation dur-
ing April and May, have combined to put the trees on
the original 200-acre tract in splendid condition. They
are growing rapidly, and there has been virtually no
necessity for re-setting caused by failure of the nursery
stock to live.
The decision to proceed with tung tree planting will
have a most beneficial effect upon the community as a
whole, affording regular employment to considerable local
labor at a time when it is ordinarily hard to find work,
and this activity is certain to be reflected in the business
establishments of the community, through free buying
and increased credit generally.
GRAPEFRUIT SOLD ON JULY FOURTH FOR
FIRST TIME IN HISTORY
(Tampa Times, July 4, 1930)
Fort Myers, July 4.-For the first time in history new
crop grapefruit was on the Fourth of July market here
The new fruit came from the groves of Harry M.
Stringfellow on Pine Island, near Fort Myers, and was
described as fancy. Mr. Stringfellow said he had some
1,800 boxes ready for shipment, but probably would not
send it north for another month because of competition
with strawberries, melons and mid-summer delicacies
which are in plentiful supply and cheap.
The new grapefruit is from a bloom which started as a
result of the storm last September. Elsewhere in this
region there is also a large crop of early citrus and
growers are expecting good prices.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
NEW KIND OF GRASS MAKES UNUSUALLY
(Arcadian, June 12, 1930)
While down near Bermont the first of the week F. E.
Fessenden got a sample of a new kind of pasture grass,
which is growing on the farm of a Mr. Turner there.
The grass makes a prolific growth, the foliage reaches a
height of nearly two feet, and the seed stalks reach twice
that height. Mr. Fessenden estimates that this grass,
closely sodded, would provide pasturage for more than
two cows per acre. As near as Mr. Turner was able to
tell, the variety is known as "Vasey" grass, although he
was not sure whether that was the way to spell it. The
samples are being parceled out to a number of people to
experiment on different kinds of soil. The grass is in-
clined to grow in bunches and does not seem to spread
from the root, but depends on the seed for its expansion.
Mr. Fessenden feels that this new grass has exceptional
possibilities for pasture purposes.
LARGE TRACT IN CLAY COUNTY
PURCHASED BY PHILADELPHIAN
Extensive Development Is Planned-Tung Oil
Will Be One of Products of the 14,000
(Clay County Times, July 3, 1930)
A realty transaction that is of more than passing
moment was consummated this week between the Jen-
nings Artesian Farm Land Co., of which S. Bryan Jen-
nings is president, and Archie W. Budd, of Philadelphia,
involving 14,000 acres of the 60,000-acre tract belonging
to the Jennings property. The price paid for the tract
is said to be in the neighborhood of $90,000.
The land is located southwest of Middleburg and ad-
joins the Penney Farms property on the north.
Selection of the property was made after the purchaser
had examined a large number of offerings, the decision
being made because of the excellent growth of young
timber on the land, it is stated.
The purchaser plans to establish, among other things,
a model forestry project, for the naval stores and forestry
products, under the management of the James D. Lacey
Co., of Jacksonville, nationally known timber property
Other products to be developed on the tract, it is said,
will include the growing of tung oil, for which the soil
of Clay county is said to be particularly well adapted.
One of the first steps to be taken by the managers of
the property will be the construction of a hog-proof fence
around the property. The plans also include the opera-
tion of a conservative turpentine industry, pole, piling
and cross-tie operations to utilize the mature timber to
the best advantage.
The tract will be put under fire protection as a part
of the Black Creek unit, which already has 180,000 acres
in it, including the Penney Farms and Dukes tracts.
Mr. Budd, the purchaser, is a graduate of the Cornell
Forestry School and is the son of Edward G. Budd, one
of the leading manufacturers of Philadelphia. He was
represented in the transaction by Reyonlds, Rogers and
Towers, while Fred M. Burns represented the land com-
pany and Judge G. W. Geiger and Mrs. N. Lee Talbott,
manager of the Clay County Abstract Co., represented
the Title Guarantee & Trust Co., in connection with the
insuring of the title for $90,000. In the transaction,
Clay county received in the neighborhood of $14,000 in
tax money on the property sold.
The development of this tract, according to the plans
made, will be one of the most important that has been
undertaken in the county. It will be along entirely
different lines from some which have started and later
been given up. This is not to be a speculative propo-
sition, but is rather an investment with ample capital to
carry it on to fruition.
While the development is going on it will offer work
for a large force of workmen both at the property and
at other points. It will mean that eventually Clay county
will become one of the most important counties in the
state as far as tung oil production and the like is con-
FARM DAIRYING IN MARION
(Ocala Evening Star, June 30, 1930)
There are not as many dairy cows in Marion county
as in many other counties in the state; neither is the
investment in dairy barns, milk rooms, and dairy equip-
ment as great; nor are there as many people employed
in dairy work as in many other counties, but there are
more "farm dairymen." By farm dairymen is meant
farmers who milk five or six or perhaps a dozen cows as
a sideline to their farming operations. In other words
they carry on their regular farming operations and, in
addition, milk from four to twelve cows night and morn-
ing just for the extra money they get from it. In many
cases, this extra money pays the grocery bills each
month and in some cases is the basis of a savings account
in the banks.
Following are some of the interesting facts that have
been secured from the State Department of Agriculture,
milk inspection division, from the office of the chief milk
inspector, John M. Scott:
From May 15th to June 15th, 1930, 42 Marion county
farmers sold to the Southland Dairy Products Company
at Ocala, 15,401 gallons of milk, and 16 other farmers
sold 556 gallons of sweet cream. In addition 773.7 gal-
lons of sour cream was purchased of which the milk in-
spection service does not have a record.
This means 58 farmers in Marion county are following
the "Milky Way" to better living conditions and growing
All of the cities in Florida and every county in the
State are anxious to get some industry established in
their midst that will insure a regular payroll.
The dairy industry as now established in Marion
county means a pay day on the first and fifteenth of each
month for those farmers who are taking advantage of
Instead of 58 farmers, there ought to be 500 farmers
selling milk and cream. There are many other counties
in the State that should follow the lead set by Marion
county in this farm dairy work.
Many of these farmers sell only five to ten gallons
of milk a day, but in a month's time it counts up. The
best part of it is, even though it is a small amount, that
it means a regular income that can be counted on each
These farm dairymen in Marion county have learned
to raise about 85 per cent of the feed necessary to feed
their cows, so a large percentage of the income stays at
home, as it should.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
(DeLand Sun, July 5, 1930)
Florida led all other states in the shipment of six of
the twelve leading crops during the 1928-29 season.
This fact is shown by a survey made public by the de-
partment of agriculture economics at the experiment
station in Gainesville.
The state led in shipments of celery, tomatoes, green
beans, cucumbers, peppers and egg plants. It was
second in shipments of watermelons and third in early
Floridians and others who think that the state's agri-
cultural industry is negligible should investigate crop
reports and compare them with other commonwealths.
SITE OBTAINED FOR AVON PARK'S
FOURTH NEW PACKING HOUSE
(Tampa Tribune, June 1, 1930)
Avon Park, May 31.-(Special)-Acquisition of a site
for the fourth new packing house to be built in Avon
Park this summer was announced yesterday by Lat
Maxcy, and contract will be let next week for the struc-
ture which will cost $50,000.
It will be of brick and steel construction, it is stated,
and plans are being drawn now.
The site, now occupied by the A. C. L. section house,
lies between the Coast Line tracks and Michigan avenue,
across which street are the Seaboard tracks.
The section house is to be wrecked and the site is to
be delivered within 10 days to the Maxcy contractor.
The new house, which brings the packing house con-
struction total for Avon Park to $200,000 for this sum-
mer will have a capacity of six cars of oranges or 10
cars of grapefruit a day. It will have approximately
300,000 square feet of floor space.
The building of this house will give Avon Park seven
packing houses with a capacity of more than a million
and a half boxes of fruit a year, to serve the 14,000 acres
of citrus planting within five miles of the city limits.
1930 SHIPMENTS OF PINEAPPLES AHEAD
OF LAST YEAR MARK
(Key West Citizen, June 5, 1930)
The pineapple season which has been under way for
the past seven weeks, with shipments arriving here daily
from Havana, is now nearing a close. Up to present
for this season, there have been 3,343 carloads handled
This is close to 300 more cars than were received dur-
ing the same period last year, when a total of 3,062 car-
loads were handled.
The small shipments that will be received from now on.
will be handled by the regular yard forces at the local
There were 15 carloads coming in last night, which'
were loaded into other cars, making up 19.
After a lapse of a long time, Florida shells are again
being used in the manufacture of buttons, buckles and
other necessities and ornaments. The State Internal Im-
provement Board some time ago leased the bottoms of
the Dead Lakes for shell digging purposes, reviving anr
industry which existed in Florida years ago, until a legis-
lative act prohibited the further taking of shell from the
state's waters. The State Geological Department has
received numerous samples of buttons, buckles and shell
dust from the firm engaged in button manufacturing in
Florida, and indications are that the shells are not only
numerous, but of a beautiful quality, Geologist Herman
Gunter said.-Pensacola Journal, June 14, 1930.
GRASS GROWS HIGH IN FLORIDA
(Wall Street Journal, New York City, June 10, 1930)
From the Everglades of Florida comes the report that
a dairyman cut 102 tons of elephant grass from an acre
of muck land in a year. The Florida Experiment Station
of the Department of Agriculture states that 40 to 60
tons of elephant grass can be grown generally from good
muck soil such as is found along the east coast.
Forage crop specialists of the Bureau of Plant In-
dustry report that no other crop grown in the United
States will produce such heavy yields of green feed as
elephant grass, otherwise known as Napier grass. It is
used to a limited extent as a soiling crop in the section
where best adapted-the muck soil areas of Florida.
FORTY ACRES OF PORTO RICAN SWEET
POTATOES AT FERTILE VALLEY
(Avon Park Times, May 30, 1930)
Forty acres of Porto Rican sweet potatoes have been
planted at Fertile Valley by Messrs. Abney and Carroway,
and according to County Agent L. Alsmeyer, they have
excellent prospects for a bumper crop. The tract has
been fenced against hogs and they expect to ship eight
or nine carloads from Lake Childs early in July.
Another feature that will be watched with interest is
that after the present crop is dug a volunteer crop is
expected in about two months and then hogs will be
turned in on this for fattening. This is a new venture
in Highlands county and is said ought to be profitable.
LARGE TURNIP RAISED AT MAGNOLIA
(Kissimmee Valley Gazette, May 29, 1930).
Talk about fish tales; well this is a "turnip tale," and
a true one too. The Gazette had the pleasure of a visit
with F. B. Wasner one morning this week. Mr. Wasner
lives in Magnolia Park, and he had with him a turnip
-which he had raised in his patch this year. This turnip
'weighed six pounds and nine ounces, measured 20 inches
:around and was 11 inches long.
You never saw such a turnip. However, if you don't
believe this tale you may see for yourself as Mr. Wasner
has this curiosity on display in the window of the county
Farmers take heart. There is a future for Florida yet.
T. S. Carlton of Arcadia has this spring grown a crop
of fine, well-developed Irish potatoes in 70 days. He used
only one small application of fertilizer to produce this
crop in record time. When we realize that this is only
two and one-third months, it is a remarkably short period
from planting to maturity, and we doubt if the record
could be beaten, if even equaled, in any part of the
country.-Union County Times, May 9, 1930.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
WHOLE WORLD BUYS CIGARS MADE IN
Government Stamps Show Size of Industry
(Tampa Tribune, July 6, 1930)
Tampa's cigar manufacturing industry achieved the
most active year in its history in 1929 on a basis of
Tax stamp sales by the United States Internal Revenue
Bureau show approximately 504,753,000 cigars were
produced in Tampa during the year. This was nearly
15,000,000 more than the number manufactured in 1928,
and 27,000,000 more than in 1927.
Since 1920 an increase of 121 per cent in annual out-
put has been recorded. In that year 227,800,000 cigars
were produced by the city's factories. The course of pro-
duction since that date may be traced in the accompany-
ing diagram and the table which follows:
Year Cigars Produced
............... ....... .... 315,403,000
........ ................. 456,710,000
............ ............. ...... 477,365,000
......... .................. 504,753,000
Tampa cigars may be literally said to "go around the
world." In practically every land where cigars find a
market, Tampa's brands have their following. Thus in
literal fact they go around the world.
Lead World in Output
On the other hand, placed lengthwise in a row, the
cigars manufactured in Tampa last year would form a
line approximately 50,000 miles in length, or enough to
put a double band of fragrant tobacco around the globe
at its widest point. Tampa produces more high grade
cigars than any other city in the world. The Latins, who
are masters in the making of fine cigars, are a happy,
contented people, and enter enthusiastically into the civic
activities of Tampa. They maintain some of the most
beautiful clubs to be found in America. A trip through
the cigar factories and through the Spanish sector is in-
teresting and educational.
This story of Tampa's cigar industry is the final in-
stallment of a series of special articles dealing with the
economic and social progress of the city. The Tribune
has presented the series in cooperation with the indus-
trial bureau of the chamber of commerce.
Write to the chamber for a copy o4 a pamphlet re-
printing all 23 installments of the series. The pamphlet
will be distributed without charge, upon request.
Each article in the series has presented various phases
of Tampa's activity, proving indisputably, in facts and
figures, that Tampa's march of progress has never ceased.
That the various articles have presented amazing truths
which thousands of Tampa citizens did not realize, is
evident from the enthusiastic comments regarding the
If even the most enthusiastic Tampa boosters have
been surprised at the enviable records Tampa has piled
up-if they have been unaware of the uninterrupted
development which has gone on around them, then it is
certain the remainder of the world knows even less of
REVIEW COPIES SENT TO CANADA
The Department was glad of the opportunity to send
two thousand copies of the Review to Toronto, Canada,
this week, where they were distributed to those attend-
ing the National Convention of Realty Boards and to our
friends in Canada. There are many fine former residents
of Canada now located in various parts of Florida, some
of them securing wonderful results on Florida's all the
year around farming soil and others conducting success-
ful businesses in our towns and cities. The wonderful
highways leading through Canada to the connecting roads
that bring the tourists to Florida's unsurpassed highways
make it easy for the splendid citizens of Canada to reach
every spot of our state and they find a cordial welcome
when they arrive.
FINAL QUOTA OF BASS PLACED IN LAKE
(Clearwater News, June 7, 1930)
Thirteen thousand more small black bass were de-
posited Monday in the Belleair rearing lake of the
Pinellas County Wild Life Committee, of which Asa
Reece is chairman.
"That makes a total of 90,000 fish in the pond," said
Mr. Reece, "and completes our quota." In about two
months we hope the fish will have grown large enough
to be distributed among the other lakes of the county.
The fish were brought from the Lake Guynn state
hatchery near Winter Haven. They are called finger-
lings, being about the size of an average man's finger.
The fish grow at the rate of about an inch a month. In
a year's time they will be ready for the anglers.
THE BLUEBERRIES ARE BEGINNING TO
(Okaloosa Messenger, June 5, 1930)
The first of June is here and the blueberries are be-
ginning to ripen. Several crates have already been
shipped. It won't be but just a few days now before they
will be shipping by carload lots. There is an unusual
heavy crop this season and the growers are expecting
Commission dealers have already quoted fifty cents per
quart for early shipments.
The blueberry has a long ripening season, beginning
about the last of May or the first of June and running
through until the first of September, and naturally this
furnishes employment to lots of people for at least four
"Bigger and better hens and eggs" seems to be the
slogan at Laurel Hill, where an egg weighing 5% ounces
is said to have been laid by a Rhode Island Red hen in
the flock of G. W. Pryor, vocational agricultural teacher.
Pryor reported to J. F. Williams, Jr., state supervisor of
vocational agriculture, that the hen had been laying eggs
of unusual size for several weeks. The hen, Pryor said,
lays such an egg on one day and "rests" on the next
with another large egg laid on the next day.-Florida
Times-Union, June 2, 1930.