Is capital timid?

Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00097
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00097
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Is capital timid?
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Full Text

U.S.Dept. of Agricult=re,

1Y iarlbigton, D.

Jlorvia 3&ebietu

JUNE 2, 1930

No. 25


By T. J. BROOKS, Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture

" /APITAL is the most timid thing in the
Worldd" This is a saying as old as his-
Story and false as mythology.
Capital, per se, has no quality of
timidity or venturesomeness. Men with capital
have the same qualities of all other human be-
ings. Hundreds of instances could be cited of
men with large capital venturing into something
they knew little or nothing about and losing
millions. Other hundreds of instances can be
cited of men with capital venturing in untried
fields over the protest of conservative investors
and made great fortunes.
Was capital timid in the hands of Rothschild
when he bought the bonds of England when
they were way below par? Was it timidity of
capital that fitted out Columbus to make the
venture of his memorable voyage? Was it
timidity of capital that went from the pockets of
private parties to help the struggling colonies in
the darkest hour of their efforts to establish an
independent nation? Was it timidity of capital
that financed the great trunk line railways of
the United States, building thousands of miles
through trackless expanses of deserts, moun-
tains and barren plains? Was it timidity of
capital that financed Henry M. Stanley in his
explorations with Belgian money that led to
Belgian ownership of the Congo, with its won-
derful resources? Was it timidity of capital
that caused Henry M. Flagler to build a railroad
with his millions along an uninhabited shore-
line of east Florida, when the conservative
investing world scoffed at the idea? Was it
timidity of capital that caused William B. Plant
to invest millions in the development of Tampa
when it had nothing in the way of bankable
collateral to insure the safety of the money
spent? Was it timidity of capital that prompted
millions to be poured into the new industry of
furnishing radios and broad-casting stations be-
fore the public pulse had been felt to know how

they would be received? Was it timidity of
capital that poured millions into Florida on the
wave of an unnatural inflation of values and
aggravated the situation by fostering the wild-
est speculation in tangible property? Was It
timidity of capital that caused eight billion to
be invested in stocks on margin in New York
during the recent mad speculation on stock
margins-the whole banking system lending aid
to it by sending money on call to New York.
Was it timidity of capital that sent $20,000,-
000,000 in loans to Europe when sovereignty was
in doubt and solvency uncertain? Was it tim-
idity of capital that sent $5,000,000,000 to Latin
America to invest in securities and industries of
very doubtful ventures?
No! Capital is not timid. It is just as ven-
turesome as human beings; more so than the
average, because it is the venturesome class that
makes the unusual fortunes; conservatism does
not lend itself to the making of big fortunes.
Because capital does not rush to every call of
wild schemes, impractical theories, inventions of
nuts, impractical promotions, foolish dreams,
etc., is no reason for the charge that it is timid
or over-conservative. There are conservative
capitalists-much of it is inherited-and there
is also a large per cent of the investment capital
of the world that is looking for ventures rather
than dodging them.
The State Live Stock Sanitary Board has just issued
its annual map of red, white and black, showing the
progress of tick eradication work in Florida. This time,
however, the board has gone a step farther. It depicts
in the map the development of Florida's cattle industry
in the path of the eradication work.
The map shows that 30 counties have been rid of the
cattle pest, and that in 24 of them purebred sires have
been imported for breeding purposes to improve the
state's standard in the livestock world. Those counties
and the number of cattle imported, all in the north and
northwest, begin at Union and Baker on the east and
extend to the Alabama state line on the west.-Florida
State News, April 3, 1930.

Vol. 4



August 1, 1929-May 1, 1930

During these nine months the State Marketing Com-
missioner and his assistants and marketing specialists
have traveled 100,495 miles, made 247 speeches to
farmers' meetings, which were attended by 21,439 people,
and delivered 100 radio addresses. These radio speeches
and marketing reports have reached almost every section
of the United States as indicated by letters and telegraph
messages from the various states of the Union.
The Commissioner and his assistants have also attended
416 marketing conferences, which were attended by
2,610 farmers and shippers, assisting them on every phase
of marketing.
They have carried on 312 cooperative sales of livestock
and poultry with 19,336 farmers attending and 9,036
of them participating in the sales. Four hundred and
forty-five carloads of livestock and poultry were sold at
these sales, which brought the producers $527,751.
Markets have been found and sales arranged by mail,
phone or wire for 275 cars of hogs, 325 cars of cattle, 31
cars of corn, peanuts and sweet potatoes, which brought
$725,183, and 375,000 pounds of poultry, valued at
$93,750, and $603,000 worth of eggs, making a total of
$1,949,634 worth of livestock, poultry products and gen-
eral crops sold by these marketing specialists.
In carrying on this field marketing work the Commis-
sioner and marketing specialists have written 8,701 per-
sonal letters, mailed out 14,668 circulars, bulletins and
pamphlets on grading rules; organized 26 new coopera-
tive associations and reorganized eight old ones; made
surveys on marketing conditions affecting all Florida
products and advised with 52 cooperative fruit and vege-
table associations as to remedies for untoward conditions;
assisted in buying for farmers eight cars purebred bulls,
three cars feeder pigs, 40 purebred boars, 15 purebred
sows, and hundreds of purebred poultry, and assisted in
improving grading rules of both livestock, poultry, fruit
and vegetables, and have secured prices for farmers on
all kinds of seeds and fertilizers.
A semi-monthly "For Sale, Want and Exchange Bulle-
tin" is being distributed regularly to some 18,000 Florida
growers and shippers in which offerings of seeds, plants,
purebred poultry, eggs, and livestock, farm implements,
machinery, etc., are advertised free of charge. During
the past nine months the articles listed in the Bulletin
amounted in value to $2,397,563.12. Sales reported
through the Bulletin indicate that $1,008,000 worth of
these products, implements, etc., have been sold or ex-
changed. At a commission charge on sales of 3 % the
Bulletin would pay the entire expense of the Bureau.
Shipping Point Inspection
During the present shipping season as in former sea-
sons cooperative shipping point inspection work has been
carried on by the State Marketing Bureau cooperating
with the United States Department of Agriculture in
practically every shipping section of the State. The cars
inspected each season range from 7,000 to 10,000. As
inspections are based on grades, the advantages in estab-
lishing better grades and securing better prices are hard
to estimate.
The daily routine, in addition to the specialists work
in the field, embraces a varied line of activities, following
requests from people in practically every stage of agri-

cultural marketing endeavor. In addition to the daily
mail, which covers practically every angle of marketing
from the field to the ultimate consumer, there are a num-
ber of regular and special telegrams sent out daily pro-
viding various shipment information, giving advice as to
sales of various products, reliability of dealers and mar-
keting information in general. This department received
over leased wire about 6,000 words in code, or the equiv-
alent when deciphered of approximately 26,000 words, of
special market information from Washington. In addi-
tion to the several Federal-State market news stations in
Florida about 3,500 words in code form, or when de-
ciphered about 15,000 words, are sent by the Florida
State Marketing Bureau daily. The leased wire and
special telegraphic market news data would approximate
40,000 words, which does not include the regular tele-
graphic traffic by commercial companies of messages re-
ceived and sent out daily by this Bureau. The daily
mail of the Bureau averages about 3,000 pieces.
The Bureau has placed a number of orders for plants
in carloads for Florida growers who had a surplus. Also
established contacts with reputable ice cream manu-
facturers in the north for handling cold pack strawberries
for Florida producers.
The Bureau is not a collecting agency, but does arbi-
trate differences, adjust claims and collect accounts for
Florida producers and shippers. We have no definite
check on remittances made direct to growers and ship-
pers or in any other cases where payment of the claims
are accomplished through this department, and paid
direct, but our files show that since July 1st, 1929,
$4,871.72 have been collected in cash and remitted to
growers and shippers by us, ranging in amounts from $5
to $1,500.
The Bureau is in position to furnish a very complete
list of buyers of the various products of the State in all
the markets of the country and give information as to
where all kinds of farm supplies can be purchased.
The department has among other specialists in its per-
sonnel a very capable and experienced market news
specialist, who has been affiliated with both the state and
government in not only terminal markets but field re-
porting market news stations, and has also specialized in
giving brief, concise and essential market news informa-
tion daily by radio. A special twenty-minute period has
been given the market news specialist of the Florida State
Marketing Bureau by WJAX so that a special report has
been broadcast throughout the present season, which in-
cluded the day's market tendency on vegetables in the
north as well as shipping point prices in Florida, the
daily auction average price of Florida citrus fruits, and
special crop and other miscellaneous information. These
market reports have also been broadcast over other radio
stations in the State.
This is the first general market news service for the
key markets of Florida that has ever been provided.
Market news field stations in sections where there has
been the most concentrated tonnage have been conducted
by the Federal-State departments cooperating in pre-
vious seasons at West Palm Beach, Winter Haven, San-
ford, Hastings and Leesburg, but it has been necessary
to solicit local funds for the maintenance of these sta-
tions. With additional funds, a special contract was
arranged with Washington whereby this service is pro-
vided the farmers free of charge for the first time this
season, and incidentally the form of contract covering
this special cooperative arrangement between the Fed-
eral and State departments has been adopted by Washing-


4 ioriha ^Rebidn

Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO ............ Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS.... ....Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.

Vol. 4 JUNE 2, 1930 No. 25

ton as a standard for the market news projects of all the
other states in the Union.
For the first time an additional miscellaneous vege-
table reporting station has been located on the West
Coast for the 1929-30 season to serve the Bradenton-
Manatee-Sarasota districts, and this station was tempo-
rarily moved to Plant City during the strawberry season,
and in addition f. o. b. shipping point information has
been carried covering Lakeland, Plant City, Wauchula,
Manatee and Sarasota districts in these reports issued
daily at Bradenton, Florida.
The market news service in Florida is so varied and
extensive, and is conducted on such efficient lines that
complete shipment, passing, arrival, unload and destina-
tion information is available to any or all Florida ship-
pers. In addition to the destination price information,
special attention this season has been given to daily f. o. b.
cash track or shipping point sales information so that the
farmer not only knows what products are bringing that
he may have sold on wire order or consignment, but he
has a disinterested basis on which he may be daily in-
formed as to f. o. b. shipping point sales.
In this extended market news work special attention
has been given poultry and egg quotations so that
throughout the main season, in addition to fruit and vege-
table market news, special daily reports are issued cover-
ing Miami, Jacksonville and Tampa in Florida, and New
York, Chicago, Philadelphia and other larger key markets.
A service that is entirely new and one that was
created and put into operation solely by the Florida
State Marketing Bureau is a special southeastern live-
stock market news semi-weekly report, which covers some
eight larger southeastern markets and includes Chicago.
This gives the livestock shippers in Florida an impartial
disinterested quotation basis so that they may know the
prices at which livestock are selling in these principal
It is of course impossible to mention the amount of
information given by mail, by telegraph, by telephone, by
radio and by personal conferences held in the offices of
the Florida State Marketing Bureau. Altogether with its
cooperative sales, For Sale, Want and Exchange Bulletin,
marketing advice by telephone, telegraph, cooperative
shipping point inspection, market news, etc., the Market-
ing Bureau touches, in a vital way, not less than $100,-
000,000 worth of business annually. One practice that
will perhaps make the Florida State Marketing Bureau
outstanding will be the fact that any service requested
of the department is supplied in the most complete man-
ner possible, in the quickest time possible, and in the
most efficient manner possible.


Experiments on Tract at Montclair Bringing
Out New Aspects-Find Resistance in
Cross Breeds

(Leesburg Commercial, May 9, 1930)
With 104 varieties of watermelons planted for obser-
vation and cross breeding, a laboratory completely
equipped with sterilizers, autoclaves, incubators, micro-
scopes and other necessary items, a green house for
propagation purposes and a staff of "ologists" at work,
the hope for better growing conditions for watermelons
seems to be a real possibility.
This effort was made possible through the action of
the 1929 legislature, which appropriated $25,000.00 for
the establishment of a field laboratory in Leesburg for
the study of insects and diseases affecting the growing of
watermelons in the state.
M. N. Walker and W. B. Shippy, of the plant pathology
department of the state experimental station, together
with C. C. Goff, entomologist, have all been assigned to
the Leesburg station and are now at work on the building
up of resistant varieties and new controls.
More than 100 varieties of watermelons have been
planted in the experimental field at Montclair and are
being carefully watched by the entire staff. "It is
hoped," stated M. N. Walker, "that from this field we
may get a real start on our problem. We are cross-
breeding many of the varieties, looking forward to the
development of a plant that will successfully resist
fungus diseases. Some of these plants already have
shown a degree of resistance and we will continue work-
ing with these plants through the summer months and
during the ensuing seasons until we have proven the
possibility or the impossibility of developing a real re-
sistance. We are working towards the discovery of
methods of control of watermelon diseases and while we
hope to show early results, it may take a number of years
to produce the results we are after."
Growers of melons in the Leesburg section have al-
ready availed themselves of the service offered by the
laboratory, and while it is not the purpose of the station
to make field trips, members of the staff have visited
many fields throughout the section upon request and
given assistance.
Anthracnose, gummy stem rot and fusarium wilt have
been very prevalent this season, due to the cool, wet
weather, and the station has been of considerable help
by its advice and field visitations, in combatting these
Ferns and ornamentals are also to receive the atten-
tions of the staff and W. B. Shippy has been especially
assigned to make a study of the diseases of those plants.
Those interested in visiting the laboratory are invited
by the staff to make an inspection at any time.

This summer W. H. Pollock, owner and president of the
Pollock Poster Print, of Buffalo, N. Y., will erect a hand-
some $50,000 home at Miami. The residence will be one
of the most modern and prettiest in the city, with its wide
and beautified grounds. Work will get under way on the
residence in a short time, and it will be completed by fall,
the Miami Herald says.-Florida Times-Union, May 1,



(Miami News, May 12, 1930)
The medfly and the cattle-tick are not related to each
other, as far as we know, but it seems to us we can see a
rather distinct relationship between the present attitude
of some Florida people toward the war against the fly
and that of some others during the earlier days of the war
against the tick, which is still in progress.
Dr. John R. Mohler, bureau of animal industry of the
department of agriculture at Washington, writing for the
Florida Farm and Grove, says:
"Florida is rapidly approaching the time when, with
proper attention to her beef and dairy industries, she
may change from the present position of being a large
importer of these essential food products to that of sup-
plying home demands and later possibly producing a sur-
"This belief is based on (1) the rapid progress being
made in freeing the state from that giant enemy, the
cattle fever tick, and (2) the ever-growing interest evi-
denced in improving the herds in the tick-free areas,
where good cattle may now be safely introduced. De-
stroying the fever tick is absolutely necessary in prepar-
ing the way for this change.
"A few years ago the whole of the State was under an
embargo because of tick infestation and all cattle owners
were burdened with the handicap of a general quaran-
tine. In the last five years, following the enactment of
the state-wide tick eradication law, 33 counties have been
reclaimed from this pest. These counties have a total
area of somewhat more than one-third of the state.
"On December 1 last, the counties of Suwannee, Colum-
bia, Baker and Union were released from state and
federal quarantine. The work of eliminating the tick is
well advanced also in Nassau, Duval, Bradford, Gilchrist
and Levy counties, so that it is confidently expected that
by the close of 1930 more than one-half of the state will
be tick-free. The work is being extended each year to
new areas. Active arrangements are now being made to
inaugurate systematic dipping about March 1, 1930, in
the counties of Alachua, Flagler, Marion, Putnam, St.
Johns and Volusia.
"That the stockman of the free area are taking ad-
vantage of the situation is clearly shown by the way pure-
bred bulls are being introduced, following tick eradica-
tion. In the last three years over 400 purebred sires,
mostly of the beef type, have been brought to northwest
Florida. This influx of good blood is certain to improve
the range cattle of that area. The elimination of inferior
bulls followed by the use of selected purebreds to grade
up the native stock is, in a majority of cases, an excel-
lent plan to follow. It requires but a small money outlay
and the average cattle owner can begin at once to im-
prove his stock and derive benefits. Thus Florida, as a
whole, may grow into the cattle business and gradually
prepare for improved livestock.
"In general, the livestock industry of the entire country
is in a healthy, thrifty and progressive condition, and it
is evident that Florida is eager to do her part in the sup-
port of this progress. The establishment of the entire
state as a tick-free area is a worthy goal for the imme-
diate future. Experience has shown that the upbuilding
of the livestock industry in a district tends to result in
more profitable returns from other branches of agricul-
During all the years that have gone by the people of
Florida have been importing the beef they eat, and they

are still doing it, sending millions and millions of dollars
out of the state for it annually-when, as this govern-
ment authority says, Florida should and can not only
keep these millions at home, but have a surplus of beef
to ship to other markets.
It has been and is otherwise for two reasons only;
namely, lack of interest by Florida-and the cattle-tick.
The article quoted above tells it all. All except that
for years cattle owners all over Florida fought with all
their might, in the legislature and elsewhere, against any
and all measures for tick eradication. That seems un-
believable, but it is the truth. And there is a spirit, which
must be related to that other, which has fought, and is
fighting, against paying any attention whatever to the
Mediterranean fly. There are people in Florida yet who
do not in the least mind having the rest of the country
place embargoes against the products of their state-who
either cannot realize, or do not care, what it all means
to Florida.

(Palatka News, May 19, 1930)
The gain of 21 per cent in population credited to Put-
nam county by the 1930 census may not meet the ex-
pectation of those who looked for a phenomenal growth
during the past decade. To The News it is very gratify-
ing, for it represents a steady, well-founded march for-
ward, the only healthy and permanent kind.
A review of the figures will show that the real develop-
ment, the real increase in population has not been in the
cities but in the rural districts. This is especial cause for
gratification inasmuch as it indicates that the agricultural
and horticultural resources of the county are acquiring
the man power needed for their development, and it
must be admitted that they are the principal resources.
It also shows that the large sums invested in good roads-
state highways and county laterals-were not wasted.
Although these roads have been completed for but a very
small fractional part of the ten-year period covered by
the enumeration, they have made their effect felt to such
an extent that any tendency upon the part of population
to mass in the urban centers has been overcome.
Putnam county unquestionably has more diversified
agricultural potentialities than any county in Florida.
It is the only one with a large citrus industry in which
it is not the predominant industry. As farthest north
in the citrus belt, it has marked seasonal advantages as
well as a reduced marketing cost. In addition to this,
it is in the heart of the early Irish potato belt. It also
grows celery and cauliflower of superior quality, as well
as grapes and melons and garden truck of all kind. At
Florahome it has the best summer bean land in the state,
a muck soil placed there by nature especially for that
purpose. The county is coming to the fore as a tung oil
center, the soil used for tung oil planting being similar
to that at Gainesville, which was selected after a survey
of the entire south. Another industry directly connected
with the building up of rural Putnam county is the grow-
ing of poultry, in which it is now admitted that this
county is already at the forefront.
There are other untouched agricultural possibilities,
such as the growing of light-leaf tobacco. There are so
many in fact that the next census should reveal that the
population of the county, outside the incorporated munici-
palities, has doubled.
There are only two things needed to put the county
over in a big way-population and money. Both are
being gradually acquired.



Ripe Manzanillo olives may be served for their food
value rather than as a mere relish, for this variety has
been found to be rich in vitamin A. Manzanillo olives,
which are of medium size, are grown in California,
ripened on the tree, treated in the canning factory to
develop flavor, and sealed and processed in air-tight con-
tainers like other canned foods. They contain from 14
to 20 per cent of oil.
Samples of commercially packed ripe olives of the
Manzanillo variety were recently tested in a series of
feeding experiments by the Bureau of Home Economics
of the United States Department of Agriculture. The
growth of the 50 laboratory animals given these olives as
a part of their regular diet indicated that they were re-
ceiving an abundance of vitamin A. This is the vitamin
essential for growth and well-being at all ages, for suc-
cessful reproduction, and for resisting bacterial infection.
Other varieties of both ripe and green olives are to be
tested in a similar way shortly.-U. S. Department of


Calls for Preservation of 2,000 Square Miles in
Tropic Everglades-Dade, Monroe and
Collier Area Is Approved

(By Gladstone Williams, Herald's Special Washington
Correspondent, in Miami Herald, May 15, 1930)
Washington, May 14.-Creation of the proposed Tropic
Everglades National Park in southern Florida, embracing
an area of approximately two thousand square miles in
Monroe, Collier and Dade counties, was asked of congress
in a bill laid before the House today by Congressman
Ruth Bryan Owen of Miami.
She offered the measure after being informed that
officials of the National Park Service, under the Depart-
ment of Interior, had decided to render a unanimous re-
port recommending the establishment of the proposed
park as a result of the personal tour of inspection made
some months ago.
The report, it is understood, will be forwarded to con-
gress at an early date.
SUnder the terms of the new bill the Everglades park
would be established without the government being put
to the necessity of purchasing any of the land embraced
in the extensive area. It is contemplated that all of the
property will be donated to the government for the pur-
pose. Another provision sets forth that the actual bound-
aries of the park shall not be fixed by the secretary of the
interior until all titles to the desired acreage have been
vested in the government.
While Mrs. Owen has had her bill prepared for some
time she purposely delayed introducing it in order to
first determine the viewpoint of federal officials who went
to Florida to study the area.
Senator Duncan U. Fletcher also has introduced a bill
on the subject.
In the light of the prospective favorable report of the
Interior Department, having jurisdiction over all projects
of the kind, it is regarded as more or less certain that
congress will approve the south Florida park, particularly
since the bill carries no obligation on the part of the

government except maintenance costs. Action should be
forthcoming this session or early in the next.
Creation of the park, Mrs. Owen said, should prove an
attraction great enough to bring thousands of people to
Florida annually. She estimated that it would be worth
$25,000,000 annually to the state, measured in the ex-
penditures of the persons from other sections of the
country who will journey there to see the only subtropic
park and playground of its kind in the country.
Although no specific improvement program is outlined
in the bill; if the government takes over the section as
proposed, it will be expected to build roads, making all
parts accessible to the public and generally improve the
areas of natural beauty.
Ernest F. Coe, landscape architect of Miami, is credited
with being the original sponsor of the Everglades
As the president of the Tropic Everglades National
Park Association he has made frequent trips to Washing-
ton in the interest of the project.


Hogs Under Almost Every Known System Were
Used in Trial

(Suwannee Echo, May 9, 1930-Prepared by the United
States Department of Agriculture)
Hog farmers in the future will do well to give special
attention to the male hogs on their farms. Feeding tests
recently completed by the United States Department of
Agriculture show that barrows make better gains than
sows when all get the same kind of feed and attention.
In eight years of comparative feeding tests, 5,653 hogs
were studied. Of this number 3,018 were barrows and
2,635 were sows. The barrows outgained the sows by
5.43 per cent, according to E. Z. Russell, of the bureau
of animal industry, who was in charge of the tests.
Study on Hogs
The study was made on hogs in various experiments
conducted in practically all parts of the country, under
a wide range of climatic conditions and during nearly
every month in the year. It included purebreds of all of
the popular breeds used in this country, both bacon type
and lard type, as well as a number of crossbreeds between
some of these and grades of unknown breeding.
"Hogs under almost every known system of manage-
ment were used," according to Mr. Russell. "The results
included dry-lot feeding, also hogs on pasture supple-
mented with limited rations. In some of the experiments
a limited ration of barley was fed, followed by a full feed-
ing of corn; in others this ration was reversed.
"In some of the experiments the hogs were full fed
from weaning to a weight of about 200 pounds. In
others the hogs were started on full feed at weights as
high as 150 pounds and carried along to 500 pounds or
more. Practically all known hog feeds, including peanuts
and soybeans, were used and the resulting carcasses
graded in firmness all the way from oily to hard.
"The hogs studied were from sows ranging in ages
from twelve months to over seven years and by boars
within the same age limits. Most of the pigs had been
farrowed in March, April, May, September and October,
although a few were farrowed in every other month of
the year. Some were from sows farrowing but one litter
a year, others from sows farrowing two litters."



(Florida Commercial, April 30, 1930.)
Tallahassee.-The True Democrat says that a new in-
dustry which may bring additional money to Leon and
Wakulla county timber owners is that of producing gum
from sweet gum trees. The process is described as al-
most identical with that employed by turpentine farmers
in producing gum from pine trees. The difference is in
the fact that no apron is required on the sweet gum tree,
and the chipping is much smaller and less laborious.
County Agent Treadwell is in touch with a firm in
Richmond, Va., that guarantees a price of $1.50 a pound
for the gum, which is nothing more than the sap collected
from the tree, cleaned of trash and bottled securely so
that it will not sour before reaching the refiners. It is
said that the gum is used as a base in the manufacture of
chewing gum.
The Virginia firm writes that they will buy all the gum
produced locally and want a permanent and dependable
supply. The county agent is endeavoring to interest land
owners and local labor in engaging in the production.
Roy A. Dorsett, a truck farmer near Sopchoppy, is said
to have found the practice profitable. He is believed to
be the only Wakulla county man so far to engage in the


Colombian Tells of Grass That Will Produce
Best Results and Says It Is Tick-Free

Medellin, Colombia, April 23, 1930.
Mr. the Commissioner of Agriculture
of the State of Florida,
Tallahassee, Fla., U. S. A.
Dear Sir.-This letter is written to make a friend.
Please look over the "National Geographic Magazine,"
January, 1930, pages 63 and 81, and you will find the
reason why I am addressing it to you.
I travel both in North and Latin America, since 1898,
not as a tourist, because I am not a rich man, but as a
worker in agriculture, cattle and lumber concerns.
What cattle men need in Florida, and in some other
southern states, is a cheap method of making good
pastures, practically free of ticks and other insect pests.
Enclosed please find two publications from "La
Nature" (Paris) concerning the grass we know here in
Colombia by the name of "yaragua." M. E. C. Samper's
asseveration leads the reader to believe that the grass
grows well only between 600 and 1200 meters of alti-
tude. As a matter of fact I have seen the minutiflora
growing well from sea level to 1900 meters and as far
south as the provinces of Tacuarembo and Paysandu, in
The grass is not very particular about soil fertility,
but it requires a fair supply of atmospheric water and
a well drained ground. The pastures made of this grass
are practically free of ticks and other insect pests. The
seed is so fine that a small quantity is enough to plant
a good lot of land and it can be planted by a blowing
system; you can use an aeroplane for large tracts of
land. The grass can hold a first place in a competition
with other grasses for fattening values.
According to the information I have regarding climatic

conditions in Florida, the planting of the minutiflora can
be tested in Florida with practical results.
I do not travel for any institution or government, but
for my own account, but if you decide to try an ex-
periment I will do all I can to help you if you need my
I will be in this town till October so there is time
enough to get an answer from you. I beg you to return
me the publications from "La Nature" as I need them for
my files.
I remain, yours truly,


(St. Petersburg Independent, May 17, 1930)
One of the best signs of the times for Florida as re-
vealed by the present census is the steady gain in its
farm population. The aggregate increase for the coun-
ties in which tabulations have been completed is a frac-
tion more than 18 per cent, the highest being more than
24 per cent and the lowest being a little more than two
per cent.
The county making the highest increase in population
is Dixie, four counties from Pinellas up the Gulf coast.
Dixie's percentage of increase is 240.5. Next is Gulf
county, further on up the west coast, with an increase of
73 per cent. Bradford county in the north-central area
was third with an increase of 31.3 per cent. Gadsden
in northwest Florida bordering on the Georgia line was
fourth with a 26.5 per cent gain, and Putnam, also in the
north-central area, was fifth with 21.3 per cent. The
returns indicate that the upper west and northwest coast
and adjacent territory is settling up fast with farmers,
and, accordingly, that agriculture in those sections is
The farm population of Pinellas and other lower west
coast counties has not been announced. It is anticipated
that most of these counties will show a substantial in-
crease in rural population as some of the finest farming
areas in the state are located along this part of the
coast and in the back country. Also it is expected that a
big increase in farm population will be shown by the
central counties, where citrus growing and general agri-
cultural pursuits have been attracting many settlers from
other states.
Complete farm population returns for all the counties
is awaited with much interest for nothing could be more
desirable than a sound and rapid growth of the state
agriculturally. It would mean the laying of a founda-
tion for certain prosperity in that industry and allied
enterprise. It was the state-wide interest aroused in the
development of agriculture that played a big part in
sustaining the morale of the state following the collapse
of the boom. The energy that was put into that develop-
ment is now being realized in more and better farming
and farm products throughout Florida, and in the con-
tinuous influx of farmers from other states. Housing
and entertaining tourists is the big industry of many
Florida cities, particularly resort cities on the coast, but
after all agriculture is the primary industry of the state
at large. Upon its development and growth will largely
depend the development and growth of other industries
and the state.
It is Florida's destiny to be the ideal agricultural em-
pire of the union, just as it is its destiny-already ful-
filled beyond the stage of doubt-to be the playground
and health resort of the nation.



Eradication Work to Begin Next March-Board
Designates Territory

(Florida Times-Union, May 7, 1930)
Eradication of the cattle fever tick, under the plans
of the State Livestock Sanitary Board, will get under
way during March of next year in the following counties:
Citrus, Sumter, Lake, Orange, Seminole, Brevard, Indian
River, St. Lucie and portions of Osceola and Okeechobee.
Announcement of the board's plans for next year was
made yesterday by Dr. J. V. Knapp of Tallahassee, state
veterinarian and secretary to the board, following the
regular monthly business session at the organization's
offices here.
With the completion of the 1931 program the entire
east coast of the state will be freed of the cattle tick,
Dr. Knapp pointed out. For several years the lower
east coast has been free, as the result of eradication
efforts in that area when the board, as now constituted,
began its efforts. The clearing of Brevard, Indian River
and St. Lucie counties will complete the strip along the
eats coast.
To Discontinue Stations
Dipping will cease in that portion of Duval county to
the west and north of the St. Johns river, and in Brad-
ford, Clay, Gilchrist, Levy and Nassau counties June 30,
Dr. Knapp announced yesterday, and simultaneously the
quarantine station on the Lake City-Jacksonville highway
near Macclenny will be discontinued, he said. He an-
nounced that he had been advised by Dr. J. M. Sutton of
Atlanta, Georgia state veterinarian, that the tick quaran-
tine stations on the St. Marys river near Folkston and
near Woodbine would be discontinued during June.
Dr. W. M. MacKellar of Washington, D. C., assistant
chief of the division of tick eradication, United States
Department of Agriculture, conferred with the board
members during the meeting as the feature of the ses-
sion. Dr. MacKellar, who is in the state on an inspec-
tion tour of the working area, assured the board mem-
bers of the continued cooperation of the federal forces
in the campaign against the tick. He told them, too,
that the Washington authorities appreciate the manner
in which the work is being undertaken here. Accom-
panied by Dr. T. W. Cole, the inspector in charge of the
Florida cooperative efforts, Dr. MacKellar yesterday
afternoon began the tour of the area. He will be in the
state about ten days.
Only routine business came before the board during
the session, Dr. Knapp announced. A call for bids was
authorized to be advertised for the annual supply of hog
cholera serum and virus for the next board meeting in
Jacksonville on June 6, the announcement also stated.
Dr. Cole's Report
Simultaneously with the board meeting the April
statistical report showing the progress of tick eradication
in Florida was issued by Dr. Cole. It showed that no
ticks were found in that section of Duval county to the
west and north of the river; that 111 head of cattle were
found infested on the southside of the river, the total in-
spections in the entire county for the month, as reported
by Dr. J. R. Wirthlin, the inspector in charge, being:
26,210 head of cattle and 4,280 horses and mules. Other
areas in which no ticks were found during the month in-

cluded: Bradford, Clay, Gilchrist, Levy and Nassau
counties, as well as in Columbia, Martin and Union coun-
ties, where final cleanup work is now under way. The
other counties where the work is under way and in which
ticks were found during the month are: Alachua, Flagler,
Lake, Marion, Putnam, St. Johns and Volusia. Total in-
spections during the month throughout the area were:
239,339 head of cattle, 47,390 horses and mules. A total
of 674 vats are being used in the work.
Members of the board attending yesterday's session
were: Chairman W. J. Edwards of Ocala, H. H. Simmons
of this city, T. Sutton Beville of Bushnell and Frank C.
Raulerson of Fort Pierce.


The sweet potato rarely produces viable seed except
in tropical and subtropical regions. Plant breeders of
the United States Department of Agriculture are there-
fore interested in seed matured during the past few years
at the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station and the
Virgin Islands Experiment Station which may give rise
to valuable new varieties.
About 700 seedlings produced in the Virgin Islands
have been tested by the Bureau of Plant Industry over a
period of several years and some 30 of these have superior
yielding ability combined with good edible quality. They
are almost completely resistant to stem rot, a disease that
causes enormous losses to the sweet potato crop each
year. None of these are as yet available for commercial
The sweet potato is propagated in continental United
States by draws or slips, and there is no opportunity for
obtaining quick results in improving the crop such as
would come from hybridization. In one generation of
breeding vast changes in type may take place, whereas
only slight changes can be made in many decades through
selection and vegetative reproduction.
The comparative rarity of blooming and seed produc-
tion of the sweet potato may be accounted for, according
to Government horticulturists, by the gradual disappear-
ance of seed-producing tendencies after long, continuous
vegetative reproduction. Seed-producing "habits" had
apparently diminished before the sweet potato was
adopted for cultivation.-U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.


(South Florida Developer, May 16, 1930)
The city is to have a nursery of its own. It will be
located near the incinerator, and will be opened with
about 12,000 plants and shrubs.
The nursery will occupy about one-tenth of an acre,
and will be covered with a slat house.
The opening of this nursery will really be the inaugu-
ration of an extensive beautification system for the city
of Stuart. Young trees are to be set out along all
streets, and in parks-wherever needed. City officials
have great plans for Stuart's future, and this tree-plant-
ing will be one phase of those plans.
"We expect to take good care of those trees," said
the city manager this morning, "and will do all in our
power to eventually have Stuart known as the most beau-
tiful city in Florida."


When it became time for planting I went to my father
and asked him if I might have an acre of land to farm
for myself. He told me if I would work through the
summer to pay for the land rent he would let me have the
land and finance me. I worked out my land rent and he
financed me with different materials needed. I paid him
when I cut my celery.
My project is located five miles east of Sanford on
Cameron avenue in the heart of the farming section. I
have 4/5 acre of land this year. I like to work with this

Vocational Agriculture Student in Sanford High School


(Note.-The below article was written by Robert
Miller, vocational agriculture pupil, Sanford, Fla. The
below project was carried as regular supervised practice
work in vocational agriculture and was supervised by
Prof. Alex R. Johnson of the Sanford School.)
As I have lived on the farm all of my life and have
had experience in farming I naturally love the farm life.
Therefore, it was with a feeling of pleasure that I realized
I could study vocational agriculture in high school. My
first year I selected celery, because that was the major
crop grown here, and as I began to work with celery I
began to enjoy the growing of this crop more than ever.
This year I have selected celery and have finished this
crop with great success.

Students Spraying Celery on School Farm at Sanford

crop, and as I see it, as most farmers do, this crop will
net us the most money.
When I was ready to plant I took a plow and ridged
up the ground in beds thirty inches apart, then I put
fertilizer in between the rows and covered it. Then I
ran a leveling board over the rows. After I had marked
off the rows the setting crew set the plants four inches
apart in the drill. This was September 11, 1929. When
it was time for fertilizing I used a machine to apply it
with, putting three tons of 6-5-10 fertilizer on my 4/5
acre of celery.
I sprayed once each week, using a 5-8-50 Bordeaux
Mixture. I boarded my celery the first of January and
cut the 20th of January. My yield was 555 standard
ten-inch crates.
The summary of my cost is as follows: Labor $61.97,
equipment $14.13, plants $50.00, fertilizer $198.00,
spraying $15.52, rent $80.00, interest on investment
$35.14. Total cost per crate, 81 cents; returns per crate,
$1.70. Total cost, $454.76; total receipts, $991.31. I
worked a total of 123 self-hours and returned $4.13 profit
for each hour worked.
Checked: ALEX R. JOHNSON, Instructor.

- -. L

Topdressing Celery on School Farm, Sanford, Florida

Sizing and Packing Celery, Sanford School Farm



(Gadsden County Herald, May 9, 1930.)
Messrs. Louis Brower and T. W. Karstedt of New York
spent several days in Quincy and vicinity this week. Mr.
Brower is a member of the firm of Manhattan Pickle
Company of New York, and was induced to come to this
section by the Gadsden County Chamber of Commerce.
Mr. Brower is anxious to contract for 500 acres of cucum-
bers for his firm and all arrangements have been made
with Secretary Williams for this crop.
Mr. Brower stated while here that he was very much
impressed with Gadsden county and predicted that within
a short time that this county would be among the leading
truck growing sections of the south. He stated that upon
his return north he would recommend to his firm
that contracts be made for several crops that his firm
uses. He expects to return here shortly to make further
investigations of the possibilities of this section as to the
raising of truck and for which his firm will be willing to
contract. As to the cucumber crop that his firm is al-
ready contracting for, he said that they supply baskets,
dusting material and seeds of a certain guaranteed type
free to those who contract.
Among those accompanying Mr. Brower over the
county were Arthur Corry, Perry Woodward, F. P. Havi-
land, Fount H. May, Geo. W. Munroe and Secretary


Supply of Canned Grapefruit Inadequate to
Supply Demand

(Vero Beach Journal, May 9, 1930)
Figures recently compiled by the Florida office of the
United States Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Com-
merce at Jacksonville, from custom records, furnish ad-
ditional proof of the generally recognized fact that con-
sumers of fresh citrus fruits also take readily to the
canned product. Despite the small citrus crop in Florida
during the 1929-30 season, and the lack of small sizes
adaptable for export, nearly 700,000 cases of fresh grape-
fruit, most of which originated in Florida, were placed in
United Kingdom markets from the United States during
the calendar year of 1929. There is reason to believe
that had Florida grapefruit production been anywhere
near normal during that period well over a million boxes
of this fruit would have been taken by the British public.
And although the small quantity of fruit produced dur-
ing the period under consideration also limited the canned
grapefruit pack, approximately 92,500 cases were shipped
to the United Kingdom, and in a number of instances
orders originating abroad could not be accepted by the
canneries because of lack of fruit.
Of a total of 61,550 cases shipped abroad during 1929
from Florida ports, 38,318 went from Jacksonville and
23,232 from Tampa. The remainder was cleared through
New York and Philadelphia. Florida canned grapefruit
is being imported at the present time into the following
countries: United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, The
Netherlands, Sweden, and Australia. That present for-
eign markets will be expanded and additional markets
opened in the near future seems to be a foregone con-

clusion, judging by the number of requests being received
by the department of commerce through its foreign repre-
sentatives from concerns in many foreign countries who
are interested in purchasing canned grapefruit or acting
as distributors on an agency arrangement for manu-
facturers of this product.
The Florida office of the Bureau of Domestic Com-
merce, whose headquarters are in the Jacksonville Cham-
ber of Commerce building, invites inquiries on any phase
of the foreign trade in canned grapefruit, as well as
other Florida products.


Most Packing Houses on This Product Known
in Many Years

(Leesburg Commercial, May 16, 1930)
Prospects for a great total of net profits to be reaped
this season are staring tomato growers in this section in
the face. This week opened with prices ranging around
$4.75 a crate and thousands of unexpected dollars have
already gone into the hands of farmers who have "missed
out" on their crop selections for the past several seasons.
Packing houses for tomatoes are opening on every
hand. For the Leesburg Truckers' Association, Capt.
F. C. W. Kramer has opened his Montclair house, which
used to pack many carloads of cucumbers, but which has
seen practically none of this product lately. Tomatoes
will be packed here from as far as thirty miles, this long
haul being made profitable on improved highways. "We
can't take the packing house to the fields," said Capt.
Kramer, "but trucks and good roads put the fields close
to the packing house in time regardless of distance. The
loading and unloading is most of the work."
There are thousands of acres in tomatoes in this sec-
tion of the state. In Marion county there are over 5,000
acres; in Sumter half that much, and in the western por-
tion of Lake county a good many hundred acres. Some
of the Sumter crop will come into Lake for packing, but
the bulk of it will go to Webster, Center Hill, Oxford,
Summerfield and some even to Ocala.
Tomato growers are elated. They have been hoping
for a good rain the past few days, but if it comes by the
first of next week it will be in time. Where cukes were
given up after the cold got then more than once and
tomatoes were planted in their stead, the growers are
thanking the fate that compelled them to change.


(Wakulla County News, May 16, 1930)
Apalachicola, May 15.-A new button factory of
modern construction and capable of producing a large
quantity of buttons is being contemplated for this sec-
tion by a group of New York and Wewahitchka men.
These men have been spending the past week in Apalach-
icola obtaining information concerning shipping facilities
and other details.
The buttons will be made from clam shells secured
from the Dead Lakes and will be put through a certain
process in this factory and then sent to a northern point
to be finished and polished.



(Ft. Lauderdale News, May 19, 1930)
Palatka's potato festival was a success and now Palatka
will probably make it an annual event. We have "straw-
berry festivals," "citrus fruit festivals" and many other
kinds of festivals with the production of our fields in the
"limelight," then why not the potato? It is one of the
real sources of revenue, and has in recent years become
a table necessity if not a delicacy. This from the Palatka
News is interesting:
"The Palatka Potato Festival, successor to the Trade
Stimulation Exposition of two years ago, went over so
well that it should be made an annual affair.
"Of course it should be enlarged. It should be made
to correspond in its entertainment and publicity features
with the Summer Frolics at Daytona Beach or the Ponce
de Leon celebration at St. Augustine. These, however,
are several years old and have been gradually enlarged.
The same process of slow but steady expansion will attain
the same results here.
"While the Kiwanis Club has sponsored the potato
festival, it should not be charged with the entire obliga-
tion to put it over on a big scale. Next year there should
be general cooperation, with every citizen doing a bit.
"By staying behind the festival Palatka can finally con-
vince the world that it is something of a potato center in
its own right, just as Ft. Valley, Georgia, through its
peach blossom festival became firmly established as the
home of the luscious peach."
Florida needs more "potato centers"-more centers
that will produce more money-and the potato, properly
cultivated, goes over big as a bank account replenisher.


(Gainesville Evening News, May 19, 1930)
An industry that is achieving success in the face of
many adverse conditions is represented in domestic sugar
production. The story of the development of that in-
dustry in Florida has been pictured in a feature number
of "Facts About Sugar," which is regarded as the out-
standing sugar publication of the United States. It
describes Florida as "The New Empire of Sugar." The
issue of the magazine tells the fascinating story of what
is going on in the Everglades drainage district in which
it says that to date the control canals and arterial canals
from Lake Okeechobee to the sea aggregate 40 miles.
Millions of dollars are to be expended in the interests of
navigation and drainage, according to the publication.
"The cane harvest is on in southern Florida," says Facts
About Sugar, which opens its remarkable story of develop-
ment of sugar's "New Empire" with the following graphic
"Smoke rises skyward from the stack of the big Clewis-
ton mill, sign and symbol of the activity below. Along
the shore of Lake Okeechobee lines of loaded cars and
trains of carts drawn by smooth running tractors roll
toward the plant, bearing grist for its great eighteen-roll
grinding tandem.
"On different units of this 170,000-acre sugar estate
there are 25,000 acres of cane in various stages of
growth. Fleets of tractors, hauling discs and furrowing
plows and other cultural equipment, are moving in mili-
tary formation across other sections. Each unit is
drained, enclosed by dikes, and guarded by pumping
plants that insure perfect control of the water supply.

Millions of capital, backed by technical skill and modern
equipment, have thus transformed the dreary wastes of
the Everglades into fruitful bearing, the seat of a great
industry, a new empire of sugar."
The article states that the Southern Sugar Company
controls 170,000 acres of Everglades lands, of which over
40,000 acres are in active use, there being 25,000 acres of
growing cane, including plant cane and stubble. Florida,
a newcomer into the sugar situation, is carrying on its
operations with modern machinery backed by scientific
methods, which Facts About Sugar says is a truly "im-
perial enterprise, conceived and carried forward on a
scale never before attempted in connection with the de-
velopment of a new undertaking of this nature in a new
territory. The realization of its objectives will make
Florida a substantial contributor to the sugar supply of
the American people and an important factor in a great
world-wide industry."


(Florida Times-Union, May 18, 1930)
Information coming out of Lake City is to the effect
that a lease has been signed for the mill at Watertown,
two miles east of the town, by R. L. Montague, Inc., of
Charleston, is received as good news by this section of
the state. The receiver of the East Coast Lumber Com-
pany is understood to have completed the transaction
which gives control to the Montague interests for a term
of years, and work is now going forward at the plant,
which will bring it up to date in equipment and capacity.
The lease includes a considerable mileage of railroad,
rolling stock and other things needed for the conduct of a
large lumbering business.
The story from Lake City tells of the acquiring by the
new operators of large timber areas, to be added to the
holdings of the old concern; lands from whioh trees may
be removed for manufacturing reaching thousands of
acres, extending in two or three counties and with esti-
mated production of many million feet of lumber. It is
told that alterations and repairs to the mill have been
underway for some time, and the statement is made that
these will have cost about $20,000 when finished. This
gives an idea of the extent of the work undertaken pre-
liminary to actually getting started with the manufac-
turing contemplated.
While the lease is made for seven years only, there is
included the privilege of renewal, and the possibility
therefore of fourteen years of activity is something that
must have a good effect on business in Lake City and
other places near. The capacity of the mill is estimated
at 18,000,000 feet a year, and the thirty men now work-
ing about the plant will be increased to several hun-
dred; the men to be variously employed, in the woods and
at the mill, when things are at full capacity.
Having closed down about a year and a half ago nego-
tiations for re-opening have been in progress for a long
time, finally concluding with the acceptance of terms and
conditions by the Montague interests, which own and
operate mills and timber lands in Georgia, Mississippi,
Tennessee and West Florida. The starting up of the mill
near Lake City will give employment to many and very
greatly add to the prosperity of the section. Florida
possesses a considerable part of the remaining pine and
cypress timber of the south, and the demand for lumber
is now increasing. For a time all such markets were
dull; but with new construction in view the call is ex-
pected to steadily increase.





(Melbourne Times-Journal, May 16, 1930)
Now that interest is being aroused in this section to
the point of actual setting out of tung nut trees, it is
well to go into the kinds of soils suitable and the con-
ditions under which the trees have been known to thrive.
You will not be able to pick a piece of land at random
and become successful as a tung oil producer. For in-
stance, if your land has lime under it you may as well
save your money and labor, for experiments have shown
that the trees will grow a few years, but finally the leaves
will become yellow and the tree will begin to die. It will
not become a producer.
The best land is said to be that which is free from
lime and phosphate and is instead, slightly acid. The
climate and much soil in Lake county are suitable for
tung tree culture and there is every reason for our sec-
tion to get into the game of producing tung oil early.
But it will pay to secure advice of people who have had
some experience and not guess any more than is abso-
lutely impossible to escape.-Leesburg Commercial.


(By Joy Belle Hess, Home Demonstration Agent, in St.
Petersburg Times, May 10, 1930)
The following seed can be planted in May: Pole beans,
lima beans, sweet corn, cowpeas, peanuts, squash, tomato
plants, okra, sweet potato vines; in flowers the following
may be planted: Begonia, cosmos, coleus, chrysanthemums,
cypress vine, dahlia, digitalis, four o'clock, geranium cut-
tings, hibiscus cuttings, marigold seed, mignonette, morn-
ing glory, petunia, phlox, salvia, sweet alyssum, verbena,
zinnia and hunnemannia.
The fact that railroads are enforcing the regulations
requiring that watermelons be treated to prevent stem
end decay makes it necessary for watermelon growers to
prepare to take this simple precaution. The melons are
treated by painting the stems with bordeaux paste.
Stem end decay is one of the worst diseases of water-
melons in Florida. This disease does considerable dam-
age in the field, but the greatest loss occurs on the way
to market. Because of the great loss by the disease,
railroads require that melons be treated before they are
Watermelons may be loaded apparently sound, but
when they arrive at the northern markets they have be-
gun to decay in the stem end. Frequently one-fourth to
one-half of the melon is soft. Melons that show any soft-
ness at the stem end are rejected by the buyers.
Stem end decay is caused by a fungus. Spores of this
fungus are carried by wind or other means to the stems
of melons just cut from the vines. The first sign of the
disease is a drying and shriveling of the stem. Since this
fungus grows about one and one-half inches a day, it is a
good plan to cut stems three or four inches long, so that
they may be cut again when the melons are loaded.
Treatment for the control of this disease consist in
painting the fresh cut surface of the stem with blue-stone
or Bordeaux paste. The paste can be bought ready for
use or it may be made by the following directions:
Place three and one-half quarts of water in an enamel
ware kettle and add eight ounces bluestone and bring to
a boil. While this mixture is boiling mix four ounces of
starch with a pint of cold water. Stir the starch until
a milky mixture is obtained. As soon as the bluestone

is dissolved and the mixture boiling add the starch, slowly
stirring the mixture all the time. Continue the boiling
and stirring until it thickens into an even paste.
The boiling should last only one or two minutes after
the starch is added. The paste should not become too
thick or it will not be easily applied with a brush. The
proper consistency is that of thick paint.
A paste made from commercial dry Bordeaux will do
if it is not too thick. The paste serves as a disinfectant
and kills the germinating spores if they are present. It
has been proven that this paste enables the melons to
arrive at the markets without stem- end decay.


Florida's Perfect Road System Seems Marvel-
ous, She Says

(DeLand Sun, May 7, 1930.)
Mrs. Martha Congleton Wilkerson, of 2531 Post street,
sends the following clipping from the Reporter-Sentinel,
of Los Angeles, Calif., the story having been contributed
to a column called Readers' Letters by Sarah Robb
Congleton of 5240 Dahlia Drive, Los Angeles, a cousin of
Mrs. Wilkerson, following a recent visit to Florida.
Florida Facts
Editor Reporter-Sentinel: I have lived in California for
nine years, and am a loyal Californian and an enthusiastic
California booster wherever I am, at home or abroad. But
remembering that California is quite given to little jokes
on Florida, and loses no opportunity to slam Florida for
daring to claim equality with our beloved Golden West in
climate-or anything else-I want to voice one little
My husband and I have just returned from a two-
months' motor trip through the South, much of that time
in Florida. We were across the north end from Pensacola
to Jacksonville, down the East Coast to Miami, up the
West Coast over the Tamiami Trail to Tampa, diagonally
across from Tampa to Daytona, then across to Okeechobee
lake and the swamps, and in many interior cities. And
everywhere one can go with perfect comfort-north,
south, east, west, in rain or shine.
For Florida has the most perfect road system to be
found anywhere. It seems marvelous! The long fills
across swamps, the wonderful bridges, and the miles and
miles of beautiful concrete protection work, with posts
and heavy wire, all painted white. Smooth, hardsurfaced
roads everywhere one may want to go, to the Florida
state line in any direction-often met by a common clay
road across the line. And we from California forgot all
our jibes and slurs and applauded Florida, and said: "How
much our own beautiful state might learn from this land
of flowers."
It might be to the great advantage of Southern Cali-
fornia if our highway commissioners would take the same
motor trip over Florida that we have taken. Then, may-
be, we might have a hard-surfaced road to our state line
at Needles, and one to Blythe, and one up the highway
toward Salt Lake City-for we must all admit that our
present washboard, graveled highways which greet tour-
ists as they enter our great state are not in keeping with
our boasted good roads.
And as we make the comparison let us not forget our
population and wealth, as compared with that of our pro-
gressive sister, Florida.-Sarah Robb Congleton.



E. W. Mayo Praises Sugar Operations of Dahl-
berg Interests in Northern Everglades

(Clewiston News, May 9, 1930)
E. W. Mayo, editor and widely known authority in the
sugar cane industry, returning to Washington from a trip
through the Sugar Bowl section of the northern Ever-
glades, expressed himself enthusiastically on the possi-
bility of Florida becoming an important contributor to
the sugar supply of the American people.
In an interview with news service representatives, Mr.
Mayo highly praised the northern Everglades as a sugar
producing country.
"Nature," said Mr. Mayo, "has spent tens of thousands
of years in preparing an ideal soil for the production of
sugar cane in the region about Lake Okeechobee."
"The agricultural possibilities of this soil have long
been appreciated, but it has taken man a fairly long time
to learn how to install effective drainage and water con-
trol methods. That problem has been thoroughly mas-
tered since B. G. Dahlberg became interested in Florida,
about five years ago.
"Not only has the danger of flood damage been elimi-
nated, but by diking the fields, installing a system of
mole drainage and providing pumping plants capable of
handling 2,000,000 gallons of water per minute, absolute
control of moisture supply, which is the main factor in
cane growth, is assured. In rainy periods surplus water
can be removed with great rapidity, and during dry spells
the pumps can be reversed and water can be put on the
fields in whatever quantity may be needed.
"As a result of this system, it is possible to regulate
the moisture supply of the cane so as to keep it growing
uninterruptedly. In the district around Canal Point the
Southern Sugar Company has been getting an average
of better than fifty tons of cane per acre since harvesting
started in January, and some fields have yielded over
seventy tons per acre. This is far above the average
obtained in Cuba.
"At the present time the Southern Sugar Company has
25,000 acres under cultivation in the section between
Canal Point and Clewiston along the south shore of Lake
Okeechobee. It is extending its plantings at the rate of
20,000 acres a year, and expects to keep on at this rate
until 1936, when it will have 135,000 acres in cane. By
that time the Everglades district ought to be turning out
650,000,000 to 700,000,000 pounds of Florida sugar each


(Everglades News, May 9, 1930)
After two years of solid preliminary work, Captain
Ernest R. Graham, president of the Pennsuco Farming
Company in Dade county, eight miles northwest of
Hialeah on Miami canal, can, with assurance, announce
that he is in the vegetable canning business and solicits
orders from jobbers and grocers, confident that the
quality and price will be wholly satisfactory.
The announcement is a historic event in the history
of Florida muck land development, for it points the
way to expansion in several lines, and indicates not only
that a canning industry will be established, but that the

canneries will be adjuncts to large farms and not a sepa-
rate business.
When the Pennsylvania Sugar Company plantation on
Miami canal was found to be not fitted for sugar cane,
Captain Graham took over several hundred acres of the
plantation and engaged in general farming, for which he
was qualified by experience on his own farms in Michigan.
As head of the Dade Drainage District he protected a
general area from flooding, and in the area within the
district he perfected a farm drainage and irrigation sys-
tem, devising a farm pump that can be operated from a
Fordson tractor.
Captain Graham made potatoes the main crop while he
developed pastures for livestock, in the meantime testing
methods and varieties in trucking. A little more than a
year ago he and his machine shop crew built cannery
equipment, and from a canning company in Michigan he
borrowed a canning expert, whose services were not be-
ing used in the winter and spring season in Michigan. He
was studying the marketing end while he was establishing
a dairy and feeding beef cattle and making potato crops.
Frequent trips were made by Captain Graham to Canal
Point, Pahokee, Belle Glade and South Bay to get infor-
mation as to methods used here, and occasionally he went
to Georgia for cows and to his old home in Michigan to
contrast methods and make the plans that were best
adapted to his farm on Miami canal in Dade county. A
special section of the issue of the Miami Daily News of
last Sunday describes in detail the successful outcome
of the long series of efforts. Captain Graham has shown
how thousands of acres of muck lands can be used with
profit by the intelligent and energetic farmer and wealth
made for the business community of the entire region.


(Brooksville Journal, May 8, 1930.)
Temptation comes to the dairyman not in the form of
an apple, in the cool of the day, but in the form of lush
green grass in early spring. Many are the dairymen who
fall for this temptation, quit feeding grain and turn the
cows out to pasture.
"Now I can quit feeding grain and silage-the cows
hardly touch them anyway after getting a taste of grass,"
says the tempted one to his conscience. "Now my feed
bills will be lower, and I shouldn't be surprised to see the
milk flow pick up a little. I'll get my profit while I can.
When the grass is gone I'll have to feed grain."
This April-fooling of cows and conscience hurts just
one thing-dairy profit. The tonic effect of early-spring
pasture makes the cows outdo themselves. For a short
time they literally turn the tissues of their bodies into
milk. Then comes the slump.
The essential thing to remember about grass is this:
Grass should take the same place in spring and summer
rations that hay and silage hold in the winter rations. In
short, grass is roughage. Just as grain is needed with hay
in winter, so is grain needed with grass in spring and
summer. Don't try to April-fool your cows or your con-
science by believing otherwise. Cows able to do as well
on grass alone as on grass plus grain are not the best
cows for progressive dairymen to keep.
After a cow has filled herself with the first green grass,
she will not be so eager for grain-may refuse it alto-
gether. Don't blame the cow. Give her grain before
she goes to pasture.-The Farm Journal.



R. Chaffee to Build $100,000 Structure with
Seventy Rooms, Is Report

(St. Petersburg Times, May 16, 1930)
Work was started Thursday clearing ground for the
construction of a three-story hotel building near the in-
tersection of Fourth avenue and Fourth street north.
The hotel, which will be constructed by R. Chaffee, 506
Fifteenth avenue northeast, will cost approximately
$100,000, and will have about 70 rooms.
A two-story frame and brick bungalow on the prop-
erty is being torn down to make room for the larger
structure. Excavation work will be started as soon as
the ground is cleared.
Charles C. Clarkson has been awarded the contract for
the project. Edgar H. Ferden is the architect.


(By Charles Olive, in National Farm Journal)
Why should not the farmer folks take their wash to
the laundry just the same as the city folks do? The
farmer's wife usually has so many other tasks to perform
beside laundry work that if any housekeeper needs to be
relieved of that work, she does. Her time is always
occupied. In addition there is no task which the average
woman finds more tiring than laundry work-many are
still tired two days after a heavy washing has been done.
In some neighborhoods, farmers are now solving their
wash problems by operating their own laundries. A suc-
cessful example of such a laundry is the one at River
Falls, Wis. This plant is located very close to the coop-
erative creamery, and when the farmers haul in their
cream, they need only drive on half a block farther to
deliver the family wash. They simply drop the bundle
into a chute, which deposits them on the laundry floor,
where they are attended to by competent workmen. That
is all there is to it, until the time for taking home the
clean clothes. It is not expensive, as a "rough-dry" job
is only 8% cents a pound.
"We are not here to make money," says Martin Nor-
seng, secretary and treasurer of the concern; "we are
here to do the washing given us as cheaply as we can.
And I am sure we are doing it at a lower cost than it is
done at any other place."
The customers seem to think so also, for they have
steadily become more numerous. The organization has
three trucks which are constantly on the road, and which
cover a wide territory, including eleven towns adjacent
to River Falls.
Equipment Is Modern and Efficient
The plant of this cooperative laundry has a large
water-softening system and is otherwise equipped to do
fast and efficient work. It also has a dry-cleaning de-
partment, which has added much business and quite a bit
of extra profit to the affairs of the establishment. In
proportion to the work required in dry cleaning, this busi-
ness pays better than washing. Rug cleaning is an addi-
tional service that was offered in 1929.
Twenty-two persons are employed at the plant, and
"prompt service and cleanliness" is the slogan of the
management. There is cleanliness and beauty not only
inside the building, but also outside. The lawn is care-

fully cared for and is planted with a golden willow hedge,
shrubs and trees.
The laundry came into existence in 1914 through the
efforts of Mrs. David Haddow of the local Home Culture
Club. She attended a convention where the merits of
farmers' cooperative laundries were discussed, came home
and raised $4,000 at $10 a share with which to start one.
The organization began its operations in a small place
about the middle of October, and during the remainder
of the year its business amounted to approximately
$500. In 1915 the plant took in nearly $7,000, and in
1929 its income was close to $30,000.


(Everglades News, Canal Point, May 9, 1930)
Clewiston, Fla., May 5.-Shipments of raw sugar from
the mill of the Southern Sugar Company since the open-
ing of the grinding season, amount to 75,000 bags or
24,375,000 pounds, P. G. Bishop, operating vice president,
told members of the Clewiston Better Business League
at a recent meeting in the Clewiston Inn.
In addition to the 24,000,000 pounds of raw sugar
there was also shipped 1,250,000 gallons of molasses.
Mr. Bishop recounted the work of the company and
said that the future is exceptionally bright.
Entertainment at the meeting was furnished by the
Clewiston dairy quartet, arranged by O. L. Jeffries, chair-
man of the entertainment committee. In the quartet
were Walter Rosebury, Maurice Rosebury, Ed Stewart
and J. W. Crane.


(Ft. Lauderdale News, May 7, 1930)
It is recognized fact that Florida has great agricultural
possibilities. Of the 35,000,000 acres of land in the state,
there are perhaps 20,000,000 which can be utilized for
agricultural purposes. With adequate drainage, there
are two millions of acres of the richest soil in America
capable of cultivation in this state. In 1929, the farm
crops amounted to just about $100,000,000. As tabulated
by the United States Department of Agriculture, the lead-
ing crops were oranges, $23,375,000; grapefruit, $16,-
775,000; corn, $7,173,000; celery, $5,031,000; white pota-
toes, $4,885,000; tomatoes, $8,895,000; strawberries, $2,-
780,000, and watermelons, $2,913,000. In the production
of winter vegetable crops Florida occupies a position of
great advantage, for it has both the climate suitable to
the production of winter vegetables and has easy access
to Northern markets. Florida has the reputation of
having more sunshine than any state east of the Rocky
Mountains. A substantial contribution to its agricultural
interests is the rainfall which, during the past 35 years,
has averaged 52.4 inches, a rainfall pretty evenly dis-
tributed throughout the growing season. It is inter-
esting to note, according to the United States agricultural
bureau, that the rural population of Florida has substan-
tially increased since 1920. The 1920 census shows a
rural population of 612,645. The 1925 state census re-
vealed a population of 701,271, a gain of 14.5 per cent.
In recent years there has been a good deal of development
in poultry, dairy and cattle raising. It is manifestly only
a question of time until Florida becomes one of the lead-
ing agricultural states of the Union.-Sarasota Herald.



Clearing House "Stuck on His Trail" Until He
Met Hyde Halfway

(Florida Clearing House News, May 10, 1930)
Finally the Wood Committee of five which were in
Orlando from February 25 to March 8, investigating the
fly situation in Florida, and the Department of Agricul-
ture have gotten together, according to press dispatches
confirming friendly notice from Representatives Buch-
anan and Byrns of the Wood Committee.
The Department of Agriculture and the Wood Com-
mittee have agreed on a recommendation as follows:
A total appropriation of $3,240,000.
One million seven hundred and forty thousand to cover
immediate inspection and clean-up or eradication work.
One million five hundred thousand as a reserve for use
in case any further Mediterranean fruit fly is found.
State to pay the National Guards for maintaining the
present zones.
This decision has come after a long delay. In the
meantime the forces which a year ago were actively or-
ganized and working have been disbanded because of no
funds for clean-up, eradication or inspection purposes.
They will have to again be organized.
In the meantime it behooves every grower and citizen
of Florida to see that every kumquat, sour orange, suri-
nam cherry, guava, peach, grapefruit and orange is re-
moved and destroyed, for the inspection work will start
in dead earnest soon. Zone one or two is a costly classi-
fication for any grower or community. Our people in
Florida cannot afford to take things for granted.' The
fly, if around, will find the fruit left if it is there and
the fly is anywhere near it, as it is hungry and is being


(Gainesville Sun, April 25, 1930.)
Editor, The Sun:
Now that we are getting the cattle tick out of Alachua
county it is a good time to make a little effort to have
something better than wire grass and brown sedge for
"Old Bossy" to feed upon.
We have cheap lands that are well suited to grow such
grasses as carpet, Bermuda, Bahia and others. These
grasses make a permanent sod and when established
make one acre worth several acres of our wood pasture.
Because of the ease with which we can grow these grasses
here, and because we are now getting rid of the dreaded
cattle fever tick, I believe that we will soon be growing
more and better dairy cattle as well as better beef cattle.
I have a two-acre vacant lot where I live in Hawthorne.
As I have a cow and have found difficulty in getting suit-
able pasture for her, I arranged to use this lot. I recently
had this ground disced twice with a two-way disc harrow
and then sowed ten pounds of carpet grass seed and ten
pounds of Japan clover lespedezaa) seed on the upper
side. On the lower side of this lot I had Bermuda set.
We know what carpet grass and Bermuda grass will do,
but are not quite so sure about the lespedeza. I noticed
last fall quite a bit of this clover growing along the road-
sides of this county, so I thought I would try it to add to
my fall grazing. My total expense on this lot to date

has been $6.12 for discing, $8.82 for seed, $1.50 for
labor. This expense would have been $1.60 less but we
decided to plant half a bushel of ninety-day speckled
velvet beans to add to our first year's grazing and to
help hold down weeds, as both carpet grass and lespedeza
are slow at first starting.
Those interested in better permanent pasture for cattle
are invited to watch this little trial plot. I am not advis-
ing others to try this planting plan until we see how this
one works. But it would be a fine time to start your
Bermuda and carpet grass while we have so much
Teacher of Vocational Agriculture.


Cholera Expert To Be Here for Inoculations

(Pensacola News, May 9, 1930.)
More than 500 hogs will be inoculated in Escambia
county against cholera next week, according to E. B.
Scott, farm agent.
A state veterinarian will be here for work on the fol-
lowing schedule:
Monday, Cantonment and Muscogee; Tuesday, Bluff
Springs and Poplar Dell; Wednesday, Oak Grove, and
Thursday, Molino and Barrineau Park.
"There are more and better hogs in the county than
ever," said Scott. "Farmers are interested in treatment
for their hogs and there is almost no cholera."
Inoculation will be available the second week of each
month and hog raisers are asked to list the number of
animals they have for treatment by the first of each
month. The success of inoculation is demonstrated by
the extremely low rate of cholera, Scott says.


(Palmetto News, May 9, 1930.)
The 5-acre Easter lily farm at Manhattan of Albert
Gollatzik is certainly a treat for sore eyes. Hundreds of
cars, loaded with folks, wended their way to Manhattan
last Sunday afternoon to view the sight and they were
well repaid, for nothing like it has ever been seen in this
section before except the same farm last year, which only
had some two acres planted to lilies then. -Off at a little
distance, the field looks like a sea of white-a sort of
blanket of snow-as the lilies are as close as they can be
in the rows, forming a white matting. The rows are
about a foot and a half apart. Probably half of the buds
on the stalks had not opened last Sunday, but you couldn't
tell but that all were open unless you got close to them.
The balance of the buds will be open next Sunday.
While the lily farm of Mr. Gollatzik is about three
times as large this year as last, the lilies are not as pure
white and fine as last year, excessive rains causing rusty
looking spots to form on the white petals, which are not
noticeable, however, a short distance away. E. F. Hall,
president of the Manatee River Park, Inc., and daddy of
Manhattan, has a much smaller field of lilies there, which
he sprayed in the effort to stop the rust and was mainly
successful. He and Mr. Gollatzik gave away many a
bunch of lilies Sunday, their generosity being greatly
appreciated by their visitors.



Roe Markham Makes Announcement to Farm
Ladies as to His Cooperative Cannery

(Columbia Gazette, May 16, 1930)
The canning factory of D. Roe Markham, of the Day-
light Grocery and Market, was to have started this week
on a considerable quantity of snap beans and some
squash for Mrs. Keith Black, but the canning was post-
poned until next Monday, because of Mrs. Black's illness.
In the meantime Mr. Markham has received quite a
number of inquiries from other ladies that wish to can,
mainly snap beans, now coming in strong, though some
desired to can about everything grown on their farms.
Mr. Markham asks all who wish to use the cannery on
the fifty-fifty plan, namely, he furnish the cannery, the
cans and the lady demonstrator, while the growers fur-
nish the truck and fruit-to let him know a day in ad-
vance so he can make arrangements.
He also suggests that two or three farms can club
together and make a whole day's run that would save
time and money for all concerned and, furthermore, give
all a chance to use the cannery.
The Daylight Grocery and Market, and other inde-
pendent groceries in Lake City, will gladly handle all of
the output of the cannery that is placed with them for
sale, thus making it a thoroughly cooperative, home-
enterprise affair.


(Gainesville Sun, May 12, 1930.)
Alachua, May 10-(Special)-The big packing house
erected here by M. C. Britt of Winter Haven is just com-
pleted and cucumbers in small quantities began coming in
Monday and are being handled through the plant. It is
announced that the packing house will be quite a busy
place next week with about sixty or seventy young men
and women employed to inspect and pack the cucumbers
which will be coming in in large quantity.
The building is 60 by 300 feet and equipped with all
comforts for employees and conveniences for handling
cucumbers, peppers, lettuce, sweet corn, watermelons and
other vegetables. This plant is just one of a large num-
ber owned and operated by Mr. Britt in this state and in
Georgia, South Carolina and other states. Mr. Britt
either buys at the plant, or ships on commission.
The Alachua packing house is in charge of Frank Roper
of Winter Haven, who is here for the season. It is ex-
pected by Mr. Roper that about 400 cars of cucumbers
will be handled here. He said they would employ local
labor so long as sufficient help could be found here.


(Orlando Sentinel, May 9, 1930.)
Tavares, May 8.-Two hundred thousand tung oil nuts
have been planted in the Umatilla section of Lake county
by the China Tung Oil company, according to R. E. Max-
well, nursery director of the development company of
which H. W. Bennett of New York is president.
A tract containing one thousand acres of land was ac-
quired in March which will be set to tung oil trees from

the nursery stock. President Bell visited China, the
Philippines, and other foreign countries in search of in-
formation and to study conditions with the view of en-
gaging in the tung oil industry, finally selecting Florida.


(Winter Haven Chief, May 6, 1930.)
The sum of $65,001 was paid yesterday for a grove in
the Winter Haven section by local and Chicago interests,
it was announced this morning by H. L. Jollay, who con-
ducted the sale as special master in chancery for the city.
The property involved was the Crump grove, southeast of
Winter Haven on the Eloise Loop road. The property
was a part of the Eloise Woods subdivision, a suburban
site laid out in 1925. The grove originally consisted of
between 60 and 70 acres, but with the laying of streets
and the subdividing into building sites, the planted area
when sold totaled 53 acres.
The transaction was completed by City Attorney Jollay
and Don Register, attorney for the complainant. Fred
Henderson, well-known local grower, represented the in-
terests purchasing the grove.
The grove is known as one of the best in this part of
the state, and has borne large crops for some years. It is
situated on Lake Otis and has been for years one of the
show places of that section. The deal is an important
one in that a relatively good price was received consider-
ing the nature of the sale.


(Florida Advocate, May 16, 1930)
Here's a record for some other sections to shoot at.
W. C. King, county commissioner in the Zolfo Springs
district, brought in five crates of broad lima beans Wed-
nesday, which he sold at the cash platform for $34.00.
Last week he sold three crates of these beans for
$23.00, making the eight crates of beans bring him $57
at the platform in Wauchula.
He has only about one-fourth acre, but expects several
more pickings.
Harold Frank, bulb grower, recently shipped thirty-six
dozen gladioli bulbs on consignment, for which he re-
ceived a check for over forty dollars, or more than one
dollar a dozen. He has sold over 100,000 gladioli bulbs
this season.


(Tampa Tribune, May 18, 1930)
Plant City, May 17.-(Special)-Strawberry growers
of this section received an additional $14,000 this season
and workers in the C. H. Kruse cold pack canning plant
here $3,500 as the result of the plant's operations, Kruse
announced this week on his departure for the north after
what he termed a successful experiment in the canning of
The plant handled approximately 140,000 quarts of
over-ripe berries which otherwise would have gone to
waste, and took berries for several weeks after the ship-
ping season closed.



Development at Bay Harbor Now Is Under Way

(Florida Advocate, May 16, 1930)
Bay Harbor, May 16.-The first carload of material
for use in construction work for the Southern Kraft
Corporation has just been unloaded locally. Clearing has
been going on briskly since the company recently ac-
quired a site here for a $10,000,000 plant.
For the last two weeks crews of men, aided by tractors,
have been leveling trees and underbrush, getting ready
for the grading and construction which is to follow im-
mediately. Here and there a spreading oak or a tall
magnolia is left-reminders of the hammock growth
which once covered the bluffs of Bay Harbor, but for the
most part these are going in the interest of progress
and industry.
This is only one phase of the change which this village
is undergoing. The former St. Andrew's Bay Company's
commissary has been razed, the school house has been
moved and is being utilized as offices for the executives,
a timekeeper's office has been built, and practically all
the smaller buildings in this part of town have been
either knocked down or moved. Crews are busy clean-
ing around the wharves, also. The old wharves are to
be replaced by large steel docks.
New ties were placed on the spur track into Bay
Harbor a few days ago, in preparation for hauling of
material. It is understood that the clearing will be com-
pleted within thirty days and the construction of the
buildings, which will be necessary to house the paper
plant, will start immediately.


(Suwannee Echo, May 9, 1930)
Flies probably cause the average dairyman as much
trouble and aggravation as any other problem during the
summer months. If one were to determine the number
of flies that could be hatched from just one pair of flies
during the summer, the figures would cover an entire
page of paper.
The first step in keeping down the number of flies is
to keep all of the manure hauled out. A pile of barnyard
manure is the favorite breeding place for flies.
Darkening the stables will help to make the dairy cows
more comfortable, as this will lessen the number of flies
in the barns. Painting the windows with alabastine blue
is recommended as this is easily washed off.
Some men also adopt the practice of hanging a blanket
or sack over the top part of the door, so that the cows
will rub a good many of the flies off their backs as they
come into the barns. All of these different practices, as
well as the use of good fly sprays, are to be recommended
in order to keep the loss and bother from flies down to a
That sudan grass should make an excellent emergency
pasture for dairy cows is the principal conclusion indi-
cated thus far by a five-year experiment on the carrying
capacities of three pasture crops at the South Dakota
State College experiment station, according to a state-
ment recently by Thomas M. Olson, head of the dairy
department. The investigation, now in its third year, is

also attempting to solve the cause of bloat when cows
are pastured on alfalfa and sweet clover, the two other
pasture crops included in the experiment.
A striking result of pasturing sudan grass came re-
cently when seven cows that had been fed on a rich test
ration for several weeks were turned into the sudan
pasture and immediately increased their production, Pro-
fessor Olson pointed out. The test ration on which the
cows had been fed consisted of a mixture of several differ-
ent grains, plus beet pulp, silage, and alfalfa. The only
supplement to the sudan grass now making up their
ration is a combination feed consisting of 50 per cent
each of oats and corn by weight and fed according to the
individual production of each animal, the Jerseys and
the Guernseys getting one pound of the mixture to six
pounds of milk produced, and the Holsteins and Ayrshires
one pound to seven pounds of milk.


(Polk County Record, May 9, 1930)
Fort Meade, May 9.-The first car of green corn to go
out of Fort Meade and also the first to go out of Florida
was made up here this week and immediately sold by
the Miller Auction Company for $2.75 a crate or a total
of $1276. There were 464 crates in the car and about
5 1-2 dozen ears to a crate, which means an average of
about 5 cents per ear.
This car of corn was made up and handled by the Fort
Meade Vegetable Growers association with J. R. Barnett
as general manager and secretary looking after the de-
tails. The corn was taken from fields of several corn
growers in this section.
Mr. Barnett says several cars will be shipped away next
week, the peak of the season being reached about the
following week.
The crop yield is better than was first expected and
the quality is splendid.


Plant Now Working Three Nights a Week-
Large Force Employed

(Florida Times-Union, May 19, 1930)
The Springfield Machine Works and the Jacksonville
Ginter Box Company are consolidated under one roof.
P. H. Palmer is manager of the machine works and A. S.
Ginter is president and general manager of both depart-
ments. They have been operating in Jacksonville for
five years. The Springfield Machine Works handles all
kinds of general machine work. The Jacksonville Ginter
Box Company manufactures mostly cigar boxes, furnish-
ing cigar factories in Jacksonville as well as a large out-
of-town trade.
The business of both has shown a steady increase. The
box factory is now working three nights a week and in
the near future will work every night. The factory is
claimed to be the only automatic box factory south of
Philadelphia. From seventy to one hundred people are
regularly employed. Most of the wood used in the manu-
facture of cigar boxes comes from Apalachicola.

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