U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,
O'ting~ton, *^^ '^^ t
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 4 APRIL 21, 1930 No. 22
T heTaCensus and Agricultural Enumeration
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
HE Federal Government is taking a popu-
lation census and an agricultural enu-
meration both this year.
Many people who are not familiar with
the work and purpose of these enumerations
may be confused by having two enumerators
come the same year from the national govern-
ment and ask so many personal questions. The
reports of these two enumerations will be very
valuable to the government and to all students
of economic and social questions.
The population census relates to the people
only-the number, age, sex, race, nationality,
occupation, religion, etc. This is information
that furnishes the foundation for much study in
modern problems of state, business, society and
The agricultural enumeration is mainly eco-
nomic in its nature, but is also important in the
study of social and political problems.
The forms furnished the enumerators are the
most complete, complex and intricate that have
ever been used. The intent is to get the most
worth-while information on the least possible
space, classified for use and study.
It is difficult to include on one form a list of
subjects that can be used throughout this coun-
try, where so much difference in the kind and
character of crops is to be reported. It will
be impossible to list all crops grown in Flor-
ida on the space allowed. It is hoped that
it will prove ample for each individual case,
and the miscellaneous items shown in each in-
stance will include all the products of the state
No kind of statistics is as valuable in a study
of economics as the report of the agricultural
enumeration. The general tendency of things is
so accurately indicated. The size, location, sea-
sonal output, price, etc., of all commercial crops
presents a picture of labor and its rewards on
the farm that is illuminating.
Please give the enumerator a welcome and
all the information for his report. It entails no
obligation whatsoever on any one. No report
of any one's business will be made. No names
are published. No citizen is known in the com-
posite report, as it will be tabulated in county
units; no communities or individuals will be
known. It is the duty of all good citizens to aid
the government in securing this information. It
is for the good of all and can be carried out
successfully only by the aid of everyone who
answers the questions propounded.
Complaints are always filed against statisti-
cal reports. No population census is ever satis-
factory to all parties. No agricultural enumera-
tion coincides with the opinions, and maybe
never with the actual facts. No two sets of
enumerators would ever make identical returns.
But because a report cannot be infallible is no
excuse for not getting out a report at all.
The time to get interested is not after the
printed report comes out, but NOW. Help to
make the report accurate by giving all the in-
formation possible. Study it all over before the
enumerator comes and it will be easier to
answer his questions.
This Department takes an agricultural enu-
meration every fifth year. The State enumera-
tors are selected by the County Commissioners-
one for each county-and the work of the
enumerator is submitted to them and approved
officially before it is turned in to this office.
Quite often the report is a disappointment to
some person or local organization after it is
published and this Department is held respon-
sible for its inaccuracies. The enumerators and
the County Commissioners are the only ones on
the ground and in position to know the facts.
They are the ones responsible, and to them
should be given all the credit for a good report
and the blame for a poor one. This Department
merely approves the requisitions for payment of
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
the enumerations and publishes the report.
Neither the State nor the Federal Government
can go further than collect such information as
is given by the millions who answer the ques-
Let us hope that we will all help to make this
year's enumerations the most dependable and
informative ever published.
MIAMI HAS ANOTHER RECORD SEASON
More Guests, More Automobiles, More Spend-
ing, Than Ever Before
(Boston News Bureau, April 5, 1930)
Boston-It was freely predicted early the past winter
that in view of the stock market crash last fall the tourist
resorts of Florida, and Miami in particular, would in-
evitably suffer a substantial loss in patronage. The hotel
men themselves were fearful.
But pessimistic predictions have come to naught.
Miami Beach is rounding out the best season it has ever
had. More people from every section of the United
States have spent a portion of their winter vacation at
the well appointed hotels in Miami Beach than ever be-
fore. There has been no evidence of any curtailment in
public spending, at least so far as hotel accommodations
may be accepted as an accurate guide.
Manager L. B. Sprague of the Hotel Pancoast writes
in response to our inquiries: "In the face of numerous
predictions of a poor winter, we have had a record-
breaking season. The same may be said of the other
hotels here. We were filled to capacity two weeks earlier
than in any year since the hotel was built, and last night
(March 30) was the first night we have had a vacant
room since the early part of January. Our business
during April will be greater than in any April during the
seven years the hotel has been operating.
"Authenticated reports from the Chamber of Com-
merce indicate, after a careful survey, that there were
about 20% more accommodations available in hotels and
apartments than the year before and that the volume of
business was approximately 18% greater than in any
previous year. The automobiles in Miami Beach ex-
ceeded by 30% the number ever before recorded and
the registration plates were from every state in the union,
from Canada and Panama.
"We have had fewer hours of sunshine at Miami Beach
this winter than avreage-573 to be exact-but in the
popular vernacular, this was in truth 'very unusual.' A
very comprehensive compilation of data with regard to
the value of the sun's rays down here is being worked
up by Dr. Sieplein, who has charge of the sun research
laboratories for Dr. Joseph Adams, who is spending a
vast sum for the purpose of acquainting the medical pro-
fession and people throughout the world with the ad-
vantage derived as a result of exposure of the body to
the sun in this area.
Brokers' Offices Show 5% Increase in Business
"After talking with the managers of the various
brokerage offices down here-and there are 11 branch
offices of New York stock exchange houses-I am told
the total amount of shares dealt in on Miami Beach the
past season was about 5 % greater than the total number
of shares last year, in spite of the much bigger market a
"Since 'one year ago, about $13,500,000 worth of
buildings have been completed in Miami and Miami
Beach, most of which are residences, stores, hotels and
apartment houses. They are all substantial buildings,
and the contracts outstanding at the present time for
new homes indicate that the building program this sum-
mer will mount well into the millions. Insofar as our
own experience at the Pancoast is concerned, we find
particularly among our guests who have made Miami
Beach their headquarters this winter for the first time,
that a greater proportion of these people will buy homes
or property on which they are going to build homes, than
VALUE OF MAYO'S MAP
(Tallahassee Daily Democrat, April 2, 1930)
The Dunnellon Sun makes this comment on the
splendid work of Nathan Mayo, commissioner of agri-
"We have received from the office of Nathan Mayo,
state commissioner of agriculture, one of the new 1930
maps of Florida, which he and his intelligent helpers have
just completed and had printed.
"Florida never had a really good map until Nathan
Mayo became commissioner of agriculture. All Florida
maps before him, owing to the shape of the state, which
bears a rough resemblance to a boot upside down, the
heel sticking up into Georgia, and the toe kicking half
way across Alabama, had the said toe cut off and stuck,
entirely apart from the foot, in some other part of the
map, a disfiguration of the map and an inconvenience to
all who wanted to study it. Mr. Mayo insisted on this
form being.abolished and maps drawn to a scale that put
the entire state in one piece. Besides this, the maps are
drawn most carefully and up to date, and the three are a
mighty good indication of the progress made during the
seven years that 'Nate' has been in office. Each map is
an encyclopedia and as pretty as a picture-a decoration
as well as an information on any wall on which it may
PLANT TUNG TREES AT SCOTTSMOOR
Harry Scott Has Two Acres-Planning More
(Titusville Star-Advocate, April 1, 1930)
Scottsmoor, Fla., April 1.-Harry M. Scott of this
community has what is probably the largest acreage de-
voted to tung trees in the county at present. He has
250 one-year trees which were set out last January on
his tract here, and all are growing satisfactorily.
Tung trees are set out on the basis of 116 to the acre,
and the tract is between two and three acres at present.
Mr. Scott is planning the extension of his tract in
another year, and has planted six thousand seeds this
year, a large part of which he intends to use himself on
his own land. He expects also to dispose of part of the
small trees to others in the community who desire to go
into the business of raising tung trees.
According to Mr. Scott there is a dependable market
for tung nuts and the industry should thrive in Brevard
county, as it promises to do elsewhere in the state. In
his opinion the soil in the Scottsmoor vicinity is adapted
to the profitable raising of tung trees and he expects his
trees to produce a money crop in a few years.
FLORIDA REVIEW 8
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO............. Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS........... Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 4 APRIL 21, 1930 No. 22
FACTS ABOUT UNEMPLOYMENT
(By James J. Davis, Secretary of Labor, in New York
Twenty years ago, Carroll D. Wright, the eminent
statistician, stated that we always had 1,000,000 un-
employed in this country, regardless of the times. These
figures have been accepted by statisticians since then as
accurate. To headline the fact that "1,000,000 men are
out of work" is startling. Yet a committee of the
Federated American Engineering Societies reported in
"In the best years, even the phenomenal years of
1917 and 1918 at the climax of war-time industrial ac-
tivities, when plants were working to capacity and when
unemployment reached its lowest point in twenty years,
there was a margin of unemployment amounting to more
than a million men. This margin is fairly permanent;
seemingly one or more wage earners out of every forty
are always out of work."
All over the world nations large and small have been
engaged with the same problem. From Italy, as this is
written, comes a dispatch headed "Winter is blamed for
Italy's jobless. List of unemployed is growing." In
Great Britain early in February 1,508,000 were listed
as unemployed; 17,000 more than a week previous and
nearly 140,000 more than the year preceding. Under
date of March 7 the number of German jobless was given
in press dispatches as 2,300,000. From Spain, from
Argentina, from Australia, from Brazil, from British
Malaya, from India, China, Japan and the Netherland
East Indies, come reports through our Department of
Commerce that business generally is below normal and
unemployment above normal. The whole world, then, is
in one of those valleys of its economic existence, largely
unexplainable, but sure to be succeeded by a "peak of
In our own country, there are both favorable and
unfavorable factors to be considered in making predic-
tions as to when business and employment will reach a
high level again. We cannot close our eyes to either if
we want to determine accurately what the future holds.
The change for the worse came suddenly in October,
following the stock market crash. In September em-
ployment was at a peak for 1929; in October it declined,
and there were more declines in the two months follow-
ing. A large number of our people had been withdraw-
ing savings deposits for stock market activities. For the
first time in nineteen years savings deposits decreased
in 1929. So did the number of such depositors. Before
that, savings deposits had increased an average of
$1,805,000,000 a year for the six years ended in June,
1928. The increase in that year was more than two and
one-third billions of dollars. But in 1929, before the
stock market broke, savings deposits actually went down
When thousands of "savings deposit speculators" were
what might be termed deflated in October, 1929, they
very naturally and necessarily began to economize. Mer-
chants were the first to feel the decline in buying, then
the wholesalers, then manufacturers.
Ordinarily, all over the country factories would have
been closed forthwith, wages reduced, building projects
abandoned. I know from my early experience as an iron
mill worker that the first thought of employers at a time
of depression was: "Cut the wages; close down part of
the plant." I remember that at the time of the 1893
depression wages for iron puddlers were cut from $5.75
a ton to $3.25. There was no benefit to any one from
that course of procedure; only harm. The men had less
to spend; buying of iron products was not increased. On
the other hand, there was less buying power among the
mass of workers and actually less demand for goods than
It was to forestall just such a condition that President
Hoover called conferences of industrial, public utility,
railroad and labor leaders. Large scale building pro-
grams, both private and public, were definitely scheduled;
promises were made, which have been generally fulfilled,
not to disturb labor conditions by wage cuts or wage de-
mands. The beneficial effect is evident from a compari-
son with conditions in 1921. The Commissioner of Labor
statistics has said, on the basis of compiled information,
that more than 5,000,000 men and women were unem-
ployed in the United States in 1921.
One of the present unfavorable factors reported by
labor is that we still permit many thousands of immi-
grants to enter without quota restrictions to compete
for jobs with our unemployed. Under the contract labor
law, immigrants cannot enter into contract for work be-
fore entering the country unless it is approved by the
Secretary of Labor, hence immigrants come in without
restriction as to the need of their services. In October
alone there were 26,740 immigrants entering the United
States to compete for jobs with our own citizens in need
of work. I talked with a man from a foreign land re-
cently who was out of work and couldn't find a job. It
is a pitiful sight to see a man in a strange land among
strangers trying to find work that cannot be found. He
tramps the streets all day, and at the end of the day
withdraws from the crowd with a sad heart into a night
GRIFFIN BROTHERS SET TUNG TREES AND
(Suwannee Democrat, April 4, 1930)
Griffin Brothers, two ambitious young men of O'Brien,
decided, a couple of years ago, to raise nursery stock,
and have advanced very rapidly in their chosen vocation,
now having several fine acres of nursery stock located
a mile east of the highway south of O'Brien.
They are at present putting in a block of tung trees
and are planning to try out gladiolas and amaryllis bulb
growing, which, from all accounts, should become fine
sources of revenue for Florida growers. In conversation
with a member of this firm, it was learned they expect to
have all these things growing in good shape within a very
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
TUNG OIL IN VOLUSIA
(Titusville Star-Advocate, April 4, 1930)
Tung oil trees can be grown successfully in Volusia
county and other parts of Florida. That has been demon-
Commercial production of the "nuts" is in progress in
some sections of the state. Plantings are rapidly near-
ing maturity in other sections. At DeLeon Springs in
Volusia county, more than 200 acres of land has been
set to tung trees. A thousand acres is the goal of this
Tung oil trees set out in this section in January a year
ago already are in bloom. Some clusters number 20 to
30 blooms, and that shows well for the productivity of
the soil. Nuts planted last spring have produced young
trees ready for field planting.
Florida has an opportunity to make revenue from the
tung tree. Millions of dollars that go to China for tung
oil should be kept in the United States through Florida
Many are destined to profit in this industry. Some will
squander funds on ill-advised plunges, but experts claim
that common sense development will result in profits.
The Florida Dairy News, published by the Milk Inspec-
tion Division of this department, presents some very
valuable suggestions relative to surplus milk in Florida,
and it is hoped that the Review readers will give a very
careful reading to the entire reproduction of the April
issue, which includes some valuable statistics from the
St. Petersburg Times as well as some "Brief Notes" in-
tended to popularize Florida milk and butter among
Florida consumers. And while attention is called to these
two articles of food the same thought may be applied
to potatoes, beans, tomatoes and every class of vege-
tables as well as grapefruit, oranges and all of the de-
licious fruits common in Florida production. The article
For the next few months there is likely to be a sur-
plus of fluid milk in most sections of Florida. There is
just one way to avoid having a surplus, and that is to
induce everyone to drink more milk.
If every citizen in the state would drink from one to
two glasses of milk a day and eat one dish of ice cream
each day, there would be no surplus of milk in Florida
for the remainder of 1930. One or two glasses of milk a
day is not much, and a growing boy or girl should drink a
quart of milk a day.
Why not drink milk? It is wholesome, nutritious, and
it builds bone, muscle and brain. It is true that milk
may not have as much "kick" in it as some other drinks,
but there are no bad after-effects from drinking milk.
It is best to patronize your local dairymen, because
you have the opportunity to see the conditions under
which the milk is produced, and the fact that local milk
can be delivered to you within a few hours after milking
is a guarantee that your supply of milk is always fresh.
In buying your milk insist on its being good milk.
There is plenty of good milk produced in the state. If
the dairyman you are buying from does not, or cannot,
supply you with good milk, there are other dairymen who
can. There are some dairymen who will not improve
their methods of production so as to supply the best
quality of milk until their customers quit taking their
milk. A poor quality of milk is dear at any price, while
on the other hand good milk must always sell at a pre-
The data given below should be of interest to the
dairymen of the state and of interest to the public in
general. From time to time reports from other cities of
the state will be published.
Some of the high points worthy of note are increased
production of milk over that of one year' ago and the
large amount of ice cream manufactured.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE, DIVISION OF
HEALTH, CITY OF MIAMI
Figures Obtained from the Monthly Report of the
Bureau of Dairy Inspection for February, 1930
Gallons of milk produced....................................
Gallons of milk imported.................... ..............
Gallons of 40% cream imported..........................
Disposition of Above
Gallons of milk used as fluid milk.........................
Gallons of milk churned ....................... ..............
Gallons of milk separated....... ................
Gallons of milk used in ice cream....................
Gallons of buttermilk (churned) sold.................
Gallons of buttermilk (cultured) sold..............
Gallons of ice cream and ices manufactured.. .
Pounds of butter manufactured..........................
Pounds of cottage cheese manufactured..............
Gallons of ice cream exported..............................
Gallons of m ilk exported.......... ...........................
Gallons of cream exported........................... ..
Comparison of Productions and Sales
Fluid Milk Sold......301,612
Ice Cream and Ices
highest since March, 1927.
Feb. 1929 Feb. 1930
62,953 64,722 54,622
on record. Fluid milk sales
Dairying in Pinellas County
The following article was taken from the St. Peters-
burg Times of February 14, 1930:
St. Petersburg people consumed 84,459 gallons of raw
and pasteurized milk during January, according to re-
ports received Thursday from Dr. J. N. Hornbaker, chief
of sanitation. Of this total 49,223 gallons were raw
milk and the remainder pasteurized. In addition to the
ordinary milk the people used 6,302 gallons of butter-
milk; 1,645 gallons chocolate milk; 4,358 gallons of pure
cream; 10,457 gallons ice cream and 272 gallons of
Thirty-five local dairies produced 79,348 gallons of
milk and 18,709 gallons were shipped in from other
"If it be true that the 'hand that rocks the cradle
rules the world,' then it likewise is true that the hand
that milks the cow furnishes the world's ruler with the
one most essential food for the human race."
"It has been truly said that 'from the dawn of his-
tory the dairy cow has been inseparably linked with the
development and progress of the human race.' Milk and
butter have been the food for the infant, the adolescent
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
youth, maturity and old age. Jael, the wife of Heber,
was blessed because 'He asked water and she gave him
milk, she brought forth butter in a Lordly dish.' Judges
"In the book of Isaiah it is said that 'butter and honey
shall every one eat' (7:22) that they 'may know to re-
fuse the evil and choose the good' (7:15). Modern
science corroborates the Holy Book when it tells us that
in the butter fat are two essential elements necessary to
the growth and health of the human body-butter is the
only food fat which contains vitamins A and D in ap-
preciable quantities. They promote growth, build re-
sistance to disease, increase length of life, vitally affect
reproduction, develop and maintain healthy bones and
teeth. In short, butter is a vitally essential food. The
family that is denied a sufficient supply of butter is
denied the essential nutrition which only butter abun-
"Nature did not intend the milk of the cocoanut to be
a substitute for the milk of the cow. In the tropics the
dairy cow is not known. The cocoanut is the common
food. In the tropics you will find a people under-sized
and under-nourished, lacking in energy and ambition,
susceptible to disease, especially tuberculosis, with a high
infant mortality and a short life expectancy. Contrast
the results achieved by the cocoanut cow on the people
in the tropics with the results achieved by the dairy cow
in the temperate zones and there need be no further
argument in behalf of butter. The progressive, aggres-
sive races of the world are liberal users of butter."
One of the best ways to simplify meal planning is to
use milk and butter as the foundation for the meal. The
milk can be used in many ways, as fresh fluid milk for
drinking, as whipped cream on desserts, as ice cream, or
in cooking many fruits and vegetables.
If the children do not like fresh milk to drink, add a
few drops of some good flavoring and see how anxious
they are to have a glass of milk.
To those members of the family who are troubled with
insomnia, try this: Take one-half glass of ginger ale and
add one-half glass whole milk. Drink at least two glasses
of this mixture before retiring. Try it and see the result.
The Florida dairyman asks charity of no man. He
offers to the people of Florida an honest product of
proven value, produced in Florida. He asks only fair
play. Fair play is not had when the homes of this state
consume products of other states at the expense of a
Florida product. "Florida Products for Florida People"
should be our slogan.
A PLANT CITY BOY'S PROJECT STORY
(By Ralph Sumner)
I entered Smith-Hughes Agricultural School in Sep-
tember, 1927. I lived on a farm and was interested in
agricultural activities. For my first year's project I
planted one-fourth acre cauliflower in the fall. The
weather conditions were very unfavorable and ruined my
enterprise. In the spring of 1928 I planted one acre of
tomatoes and three acres of corn. I came out of the
hole on these enterprises and had a fair net profit. For
my second year's project I planted one acre tomatoes and
bought one gilt. From my acre of tomatoes I sold
seventy-three crates and canned three hundred quarts
for home use. For the seventy-three crates sold I re-
ceived $174.00. My expenses for this project were
$44.56, giving me a net profit of $129.44. From my gilt
I raised seven shoats. When I closed out this project
my hogs were valued at $65.00 and I am sure they were
well worth it. My expense for the hogs was $28.72,
leaving me a net profit of $36.28 and a fine brood sow.
My total income for my second year's projects was
$249.00. My total expenses were $73.25, leaving me
total net profit of $175.75. For my third year's project
I am taking an acre of Irish potatoes and one-half acre
tomatoes and have one sow. If weather conditions are
favorable I hope to clear about $300.00 from all of my
projects this year. My projects have not only helped me
through school but I have saved part of my income.
CASTING BREAD ON THE WATER
(Bradenton Herald, April 2, 1930)
The March 15th and 22nd issues of the Pennsylvania
Farmer, one of the most widely read farm papers in the
world, are largely devoted to a review of the recent
southern tour of the Pennsylvania farmer delegation that
spent several hours here and was entertained at a
dinner at the country club. The review was written by
the editor of the paper, who was a member of the party,
and contains a million reasons why all who read it will
want to see Florida and enjoy the things the members
of the delegation found.
Concerning their stop here the newspaper had this to
say in its March 15th issue:
"South of Tampa is great Manatee county, one of the
first in Florida in its output of winter vegetables and a
great producer of citrus fruits. Bradenton's business
men under Chairman Lathrop turned out in force on
our arrival there. They took us out to their beautiful
country club, gave us a royal banquet of Manatee county
products and a feast of facts about the greatness of
Florida in general and the Land o' Manatee in particular.
"Next morning they met us again and backed up their
claims by showing us their rich farms and groves, their
beautiful homes and hard-to-leave bathing beaches on
the blue Gulf of Mexico. They are mighty proud of their
farms, and especially of one of their dairy farms, Mr.
Frohock's Inspiration ranch on Palma Sola bay. It has
the only purebred Guernsey herd in Florida."
It isn't difficult to see the worth of this sort of pub-
licity to Florida and Manatee county, but it would be
impossible to estimate its value since we have no way of
determining the number of persons who read and digested
Editor White's glowing account of the trip. We can
safely assume, however, that the number was large and
the review, interestingly written, impressed itself deeply
upon all. This thought is mothered by the fact that
much of Pennsylvania was covered by snow when the
delegation arrived back home and that disagreeable
weather prevailed in that section at the time the issues
referred to appeared in subscribers' homes. "Two Weeks
of June in February," the caption under which Mr. White
elected to review the trip, was sufficiently intriguing to
catch the interest of every one in the cold hard country
of the north and east. *
As The Herald remarked on a previous occasion, no
member of this winter's party may ever return to Florida,
but others are certain to be interested, and swayed by an
unconscious desire to come here as a result of the wide
publicity given the visit of these other Pennsylvanians
who were so vividly impressed with the state's natural ad-
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
CHICAGO INVESTOR VISITS SARASOTA
AFTER ABSENCE OF THREE YEARS
AND GIVES US IDEAS
Is Gratified Over Development and Predicts
J. Percy Ball of 9914 Charles street, Chicago, Sarasota
county investor, who has extensive holdings in the Bee
Ridge district, made his first visit to Sarasota this week
in three years and was emphatically impressed with his
observations. In fact our development along agricultural
lines proved astonishing. He said, in voicing his im-
"Sarasota looks better than ever, especially so after
days of wet and chilly weather in the north. Sarasota to
my mind is the most beautiful city in Florida and I have
seen them all. Our back country is now being developed
rapidly. Sarasota will make a natural healthy and steady
"I am surprised that poultry is not raised on a more
extensive scale. This industry has tremendous possibili-
ties here. I hope to see the time when it will outrival
California, home of the one and two acre poultry ranches.
There are thousands of these little farms scattered over
the southern part of California.
"There are one or two other things that I would like
to touch upon. The first is cooperation; I mean by that,
'pull together.' Florida should have special round-trip
rates from all points north just the same as the Pacific
Coast at the present time. This is only given to parties
of five or more and at only certain seasons. If we want
to get people into the state we should cooperate in get-
ting rates for one person to make the trip and not in
groups of five or more.
"I also believe that the alligator as a symbol or insignia
for the State of Florida should be relegated to the rear
for all time.
"The name of alligator attached to athletic teams and
trade marks, brands, post cards, etc., should be forgotten
and supplanted by a more modern cognomen. Alligator
suggests swamps and low marshy lands. Swamps suggest
mosquitoes, mosquitoes suggest malaria and there you
have it all.
"I would like to see the various chambers of commerce
or the state chamber of commerce obtain an appropria-
tion or through popular subscriptions obtain sufficient
funds to maintain booths at many of the principal live
stock shows, poultry shows, fairs, etc., in the north, where
urbanite and farmer gather in great numbers to study
and admire the many wonders of the soil.
"There are thousands today, right now, that are crav-
ing the opportunities you have here for them. These
people are your logical prospects. Why not use the
modern and sensible means to interest them? Tell them
by word of mouth first hand information about this most
wonderful State of Florida. Send qualified men and
women north to spread the propaganda of truth that will
double and treble your population.
"There is still another thought in connection with
cooperation. 'How pleasant it is to dwell in perfect har-
mony.' This phrase is familiar to many.
"When the so-called northerner comes to live in your
community let the spirit of good fellowship prevail. Let's
forget there ever was any Mason and Dixon line and treat
him as a brother. You of the south should welcome him.
It means new capital, new blood, new enthusiasm and in
due course of time becomes a part of your life. His
success is your success in the making of the community.
"The northerner in turn should be especially thankful
that he is privileged to live in this great and glorious state
away from the inclemency of the northern winters, cold
long springs, influenza and pneumonia."
MY TRIP AS FLORIDA CROP CHAMPION
VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENT
(By Elmer Strickland)
All the crop champions representing the southern
states began their educational trip at Jackson, Mississippi.
This trip was a prize given by the Chilean Nitrate of
Soda Educational Bureau, and as I was chosen to repre-
sent Florida, I began the trip with the others at Jackson
on the 6th of February.
On the afternoon of the sixth we visited the capitol
buildings at Jackson and had our pictures made. That
night we were tendered a banquet given in our honor.
At this banquet Mr. N. S. Purrington, of New York City,
assistant director of the Chilean Nitrate of Soda Edu-
cational Bureau, introduced each of the representatives.
At this banquet we had the honor of being addressed by
the Chilean Ambassador to the United States. This talk
was very interesting and each of us enjoyed it very
much. We were also entertained by other interesting
speakers of the evening.
The next day we went to Vicksburg and visited the
National Park and Cemetery, where we saw the graves
of some of the notable Confederate Veterans. Another
interesting sight was the bridge that is being constructed
across the Mississippi river.
That afternoon we left Jackson, Mississippi, for New
Orleans, La. At this place we visited a very old Catholic
church, and we were also entertained with a sight-seeing
trip by buses in and around New Orleans. From here we
made the trip to Tampa, Florida, by boat, and since
some of us had never had a trip on the big waters we
had some not altogether enjoyable experiences.
We arrived at Tampa on Monday the 12th and began
a bus trip through Florida, visiting the strawberry sec-
tion of Plant City, the Citrus Experiment Station at
Lake Alfred, and the rich citrus section of Polk county.
One very beautiful sight on this part of our trip was the
Bok Singing Tower at Lake Wales.
At Orlando we were entertained at another fine ban-
quet, with interesting speeches on agricultural subjects.
We spent the night in this pretty little city. The next
day we visited the Winter Garden and Sanford vege-
table sections and saw the fine fields of celery and other
vegetables that are grown in that part of the state.
At DeLand and Daytona Beach we enjoyed seeing the
beautiful homes, and at St. Augustine, the oldest city in
the United States, we visited old Fort Marion and its
At seven o'clock that night we arrived at Jacksonville,
where we ate supper and all began our trip back home.
This has been the finest trip I have ever made. Every
minute of our time was spent in an interesting way and
we were highly and enjoyably entertained everywhere
we went. We .are all indebted to the Chilean Nitrate of
Soda Educational Bureau for this splendid and most en-
Southern crop champion's party on a tour of Florida, taken in front of Tampa Bay Hotel, Tampa, Fla. Elmer Strickland, Florida's representative, is
kneeling on extreme right in picture. February, 1930.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
GREENSBORO PLACED FIRST IN POULTRY
JUDGING AT FAIR
Eleven Students from Mt. Pleasant and Greens-
boro Schools Participate in Contest at
(Gadsden County Times, March 27, 1930)
Greensboro, March 26.-Eleven vocational students
from the Greensboro and Mt. Pleasant vocational high
schools motored to Jacksonville Friday to participate in
the livestock and poultry judging contest at the state
fair, which began Saturday morning during a downpour
of rain. Greensboro team won first place for poultry
judging, while two local boys received placings, William
Brewer being second on White Leghorns and George
Smith third on sweepstakes.
Announcement of scoring was made Saturday night
at what was known as "Future Farmers of Florida"
banquet held at the Hotel Carling, attended by 100 boys
and a number of invited guests, including Mayor John
Alsop, R. D. Maultby, federal agent; Attorney General
Fred Davis, State Superintendent of Public Instruction
Cawthon, and others.
Those attending the judging contest and fair were:
Julian Clark, William Brewer, George Smith, Ernest
Smith, Claude Harden, Harold Scott, Russell Murfee,
Jefferson Davis and Calvin Toole.
GARDEN CLUBS TO OPEN STATE SESSION
More Than 300 Women to Study Beautification
(Tampa Tribune, March 27, 1930)
The floral beautification of Florida homes and gardens
will be studied by more than 300 women representing
34 garden clubs throughout the state at the fifth annual
state convention of the federation of garden clubs open-
ing this morning at 10 o'clock in the municipal audi-
There will be three sessions today and two tomorrow
with programs crowded with reports, illustrated talks on
trees, flowers and gardens; addresses by recognized land-
scaping authorities, musical numbers, visits to outstand-
ing Tampa gardens, and election of federation officers
who will lead the organization during the coming year
in its task of giving greater beauty to Florida.
More than 40 garden club leaders had arrived last
night for the convention, including Mrs. Edwin H. Riggs,
state president; Mrs. H. E. Oesterling, former president,
both of Winter Park, and Mrs. Y. C. Lott, of Miami, state
recording secretary. Mrs. T. M. Shackleford, Jr., is gen-
eral chairman of the convention for the 19 host circles
comprising the Tampa Garden club.
Delegates To Be Welcomed
A short session this morning will include welcomes by
Mayor McKay, Carl D. Brorein, president of the chamber
of commerce, and Mrs. W. M. Fielder, president of the
Tampa Garden Club, and response by Mrs. Henry Wight,
of Sanford, for the state federation. An illustrated talk
on trees and wild flowers will be given by Mrs. C. A.
Miles of Tampa.
Mrs. Wight will lead a discussion of bulbs and their
cultivation in Florida early in the afternoon session.
Mrs. Sheldon Stringer, chairman of the motorcade, last
night requested that all automobiles be assembled at 2
o'clock near the Tampa Bay Hotel. They will leave
promptly at 2:30 for a visit to the gardens of Mrs.
Arnold Kirkeby in Beach Park, the adjoining gardens of
Mrs. D. C. Gillett, Mrs. H. T. Lykes and Mrs. Tom Lykes,
on the bay front, Mrs. William Fielder and Mrs. James
Swann, on Bayshore Drive, and Mrs. S. E. Thomason on
A dinner will be held at 7 o'clock in the Tampa Bay
Hotel dining room for which reservations must be made
at the convention before noon. There will be special
numbers by Mrs. Fred Wood's dancing class and several
Spanish dancing features. Special tables have been ar-
ranged for convention groups, including the state board
of garden clubs, state and city officers.
City Planner to Speak
The principal addresses of the convention will be given
at the municipal auditorium tonight, to which a special
invitation has been extended to the public by the con-
vention committee. Franklin O. Adams, Tampa architect,
will discuss "Landscaped Grounds as a Complement to
Good Architecture." Wilford H. Jupenlez, consulting
city planner of Pittsburgh, Pa., will discuss "Interest of
Garden Clubs in City Planning and Zoning." An illus-
trated lecture will be given by Mrs. J. Thompson Brown,
of Rock Hill, S. C., showing colored scenes of gardens
Special musical numbers have been arranged for each
session by Mrs. C. A. McKay. J. P. Shaddick will lead
the convention this morning in singing "Florida, the
Beautiful," with Miss Louise Lykes at the piano, and Mr.
Shaddick will sing tonight.
Palmetto has planted 5,000 acres of tomatoes, and the
city is erecting a $50,000 tomato canning plant to take
care of the surplus crop. Huh, those Palmetto people
are not going to experience any hard times this year at
least.-Florida Times-Union, April 4, 1930.
THE VALUE OF VOCATIONAL AGRICUL-
TURE TO A COMMUNITY
(By J. G. Smith, Instructor, Plant City Agricultural
Vocational agriculture has been in the schools of the
United States sufficiently long to demonstrate its value
to a community, county, state, or union. Training for
the occupation of farming is just as essential as training
for the banking, merchandising or any other type of
We have approximately 150 students enrolled in agri-
culture in the Hillsborough County Agricultural School
and if they average $100 per student from their project
work it brings $15,000.00 into our county.
Thirty-eight students taking strawberries as a project
last year made 45,197 quarts of berries on nineteen
acres, or an average yield of 2,373 quarts per acre; and
a total profit of $5,822.92, or an average acre profit of
$206.47, or an average profit per student of $155.86.
They grew these berries at an average cost of twelve
cents per quart. Their average yield per acre exceeded
the average for the community by 300 quarts.
The agricultural students last year made a total profit
from their projects, while going to school, of $11,249.00,
or an average per teacher of approximately $3,800.00.
Agricultural education is profitable from the standpoint
of the student, not considering its value in future life
of students and citizens.
Agricultural Students Working in Plant City High School Demonstration Strawberry Plot, on the School Farm.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
PLANTING INTENTIONS ON MARCH 1, 1930
(United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of
Agricultural Economics, Division of Crop and Live-
stock Estimates, 308 Smith Building, Orlando, Fla.,
March 28, 1930)
This report presents farmers' intentions to plant in
1930, and is based upon returns from about 50,000 pro-
ducers. It has been prepared by the Crop Reporting
Board of the United States Department fo Agriculture
to furnish information which will enable farmers to make
such adjustments in their plans for 1930 plantings as
may seem desirable.
This statement of farmers' intentions is not a forecast
of the acreage that will actually be planted. It is simply
an indication of what farmers had already planted or
had in mind to plant at the time they made their reports,
compared with the acreage grown by them last year. The
acreage actually planted may be larger or smaller than
these early intention reports indicate, due to weather
conditions, price changes, labor supply, and the effect of
the report itself upon producers' action.
Because of national legislation specifically prohibiting
reports of intention to plant cotton, no information on
cotton has been collected.
For the United States, the intended acreage is about
2 per cent above that harvested in 1929. Decreases of
3.7 per cent for spring wheat, 5.1 per cent for peanuts
and 0.8 per cent for tame hay are shown by this report.
For crops showing an increase, percentages of increase
are as follows: Corn, 2.8; oats, 2.5; barley, 1.7; grain
sorghums, 8.2; rice, 12.1; flaxseed, 27.2; tobacco, 5.7;
potatoes, 3.4; sweet potatoes, 8.2; beans, 14.6; soy beans,
18.0 and cowpeas, 12.5.
For Florida, an average increase of 6.5 per cent is in-
dicated. No change is indicated for tobacco and peanuts
alone. The following crops show an increase: Corn, 5
per cent; oats, 10 per cent; white potatoes, 39 per cent;
sweet potatoes, 10 per cent; cowpeas, grown alone, 40
per cent, and tame hay, 10 per cent. Irish potatoes
and cowpeas alone show the largest percentage increases.
For both these crops there were drastic cuts in acreage
in 1929, and the present increases bring the acreages
back about to those of two years ago.
The following statement shows for Florida and for the
United States, acres harvested in 1927, 1928 and 1929,
with planting intentions for 1930:
O a ts ... ...... ... : ...........
Potatoes, white... ...........
Potatoes, sweet............... ...
Peanuts, grown alone ............
Cowpeas, grown alone ..........
Tame Hay .......
.......... .. 11,000
....... ..... 29,000
...... .. 8,800
..... ... 108,000
........... ... 3 1,000
Planting Intentions, 1930
Per Cent of 1929
Thousand Acres Harvested
C orn ...... .. ... .. .. .
Durum wheat, four states...
Other spring wheat, United S
O a ts ...... ...... .... ...
B arley ....... ... ..
Flaxseed ........ .... ...
R ice .. ...... ..... .... ...
Grain Sorghums ................
P potatoes ...... .............
Sweet Potatoes and Yams.....
T tobacco ...... .. ...... .
Beans, dry, edible....... .....
Peanuts, grown alone........
Soy Beans, grown alone .....
Cowpeas, grown alone ........
Tame Hay ..........
...... ....... 98,393
......... ... 5,484
states. ..... 15,577
.............. 4 1,9 4 1
...... ... 9,476
....... ...... 2,83 7
........ .. .. 6,72 3
........... 3,4 76
.. ....... ... 9 3 3
..... .... .. 1,58 5
........... ... 1,5 7 1
..... ... .... 1,4 2 9
...... ..... 2,3 18
.. .. .... 2,491
.. .. ...... 60,885
Planting Intentions, 1930
Per Cent of 1929
H. A. MARKS, Agricultural Statistician.
A GOOD STORY
(Plant City Courier, April 4,
In the current issue of The Florida
an article entitled, "These Boys Grew 100 Bushels of
Corn Per Acre." It was written by C. P. Wright, county
agent of this county, tells about 4-H club boys of this
immediate section who produced as high as 112.5 bushels
of corn per acre. That is a real yield. It is reflective
of the intelligence which is being put into agriculture
by future farmers of this section. Strictly an agricul-
tural section, East Hillsborough county may well con-
sider the enlightening work which is being carried on
by boys in various lines of agricultural endeavor. That
farm boys can go out and make two bushels of corn
grow where one grew before is not only interesting, but
reflective of the manner in which farm boys are taking
hold of the business of farming.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
MANHATTAN BULB FARM
Manatee county was awarded first prize for produce and citrus at the South Florida Fair this year; next year
it may receive recognition as a bulb producer.
There is no doubt that bulb culture is one of the coming industries of the State, and Manhattan, which did not
exist five years ago and is now a farming community with all modern conveniences, bids fair to become known as a
bulb center. Here we find what is said to be the largest open air Easter Lily field in the United States.
(Market Growers Journal, March 1, 1930)
Good pyrethrum sprays, especially if supplied with an
adhesive, are now quite frequently mentioned by official
experts for their known ability to control the Mexican
bean beetle and other pests.
Also pyrethrums are well known to gardeners as valu-
able perennial garden plants of numerous beautiful
varieties, ranging in color from pure white to purple,
through various shades of red, in both single and double
flowered varieties. These are now classed botanically as
Pyrethrum powder is one of the oldest insecticides.
Formerly it was known as Persian or Dalmatian insect
powder, made from the dried flowers of pyrethrum
roseum. It was used with varying success, some being
quite effective, no doubt made wholly from the flowers.
Other lots would have little or no effect, possibly because
manufacturers ground the stems of the plants with the
Exhaustive tests made recently by Scott, Abbott and
Dudley of the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Department
of Agriculture, prove conclusively that the stems of the
plants have no toxic effect. Only the flowers contain
whatever it is that is death to insects, but is innocuous to
man or other animal life.
In addition to being non-poisonous, pyrethrum extracts,
when used according to the dilutions recommended, do
not stain or injure flowers or foliage, and may be safely
used on fruits or vegetables before they are to be mar-
keted. The variety of the flower used is Chrysanthemum
cinerariaefolium, otherwise pyrethrem, and great bales
are imported direct from Dalmatia and Japan. Those
from Dalmatia are about the size of American "cotton
bales; those from Japan are smaller (23x23x34 inches,
weighing 500 pounds). The flowers are very tightly
compressed and when taken from the bales appear in big
slabs almost as hard as stone and several inches thick,
requiring great force to break up.
When broken up the material is run through a power-
ful crushing machine, after which it is passed over elec-
tric magnets to remove all metal matter, nails and scraps
of iron. The next process is sifting to take out other
foreign matter, after which it is passed through shredding
machines. Now it is ready to be granulated, and then
ground repeatedly until as fine as the lightest dust.
Sifting through a screen having 200 holes to the linear
inch is the finishing operation.
From this powder the toxic principle is extracted by a
special process which is the manufacturers secret, result-
ing in a concentrated extract that can later be diluted
by the purchaser up to 1100 parts of water, being very
convenient as well as effective to gardeners with little
space to store bulk material. It dissolves easily, requires
no agitating, is pleasant to use, the odor is not disagree-
able, and there is no trouble or annoyance from clogging
of the nozzle. It spreads evenly and there is nothing
to cause rapid deterioration of sprayers as is the case
with some materials.
Now that spray appliances with special nozzels are
made to get on the underside of the leaf, there is little
difficulty in using it same as any other spray. Gardeners
say pyrethrum with a sticker, such as the one described,
is very effective as it kills by contact-"shocks the bugs
to death"-rather than by being eaten, for it is not a
poison in the usual sense.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
(Pensacola News, March 12, 1930)
"Bring up a child in the way he should go-"
Escambia County Milk Producers Association evidently
believes in the old adage, since it formed a dairy calf
club to include in its membership all interested 4-H club
boys and girls.
That movement is significant in its potential bearing
on the county's dairying development. The younger
generation may be counted upon to bring enthusiasm and
energy which their elders could not command.
Since Escambia county is rated by state experts as
one of the most favored sections for milk production, it
is only reasonable to suppose that the 4-H club members,
learning the value of pure-bred dairy cattle, will make
the most of the county's opportunities.
Calling the youth of the country into any undertaking
is usually a wise procedure. Boys and girls in the first
flush of adulthood respond nobly to a call for service.
They form the habit of accomplishing things.
Floridians will do well to keep an eye on the young
dairymen of the state. Upon them depends the milk
supply of the future. With normal encouragement from
business men, they will leave their impress on agricul-
ture and dairying.
When they are older they will not depart from their
early training and vision of achievement.
SAFE OR SORRY
(Zephyrhills News, April 4, 1930)
We are getting ready to make another crop here in
the south. Again we face a shortage of feed and again
must we bring in from other sections enormous quanti-
ties of supplies without which no crop can be made. If
our major crops last year had left ut money to pay for
what must be bought it would be a different matter alto-
gether, but, unfortunately, the shortage of ready cash is
even more pronounced than the shortage of feed. If
every southern farmer last year had produced the food
and feed necessary for making this year's crop, there
would not have been the over-production that played
havoc with major crop prices, and would have been cash
for improvements, new equipment and other long-left
Balanced farming, the combination of plant produc-
tion with livestock production, will insure agricultural
safety and prosperity this year and every year to come.
The fifteen richest agricultural states average but little
more in annual crop values than our fifteen southern
states, but the big difference comes in livestock values.
For every $100 worth of plant products that one of
those northern states produces, it produces $81.30 worth
of animal products. An average southern state, on the
other hand, produces only $35.30 worth of animal
products for every $100 worth of plant products.
As Others See Us
Samuel F. Crabbe, of Fargo, North Dakota, president
of the American Jersey Cattle Club, recently told the
Georgia Jersey Club that he could conceive of "no softer
job" or any more profitable agricultural pursuit than
dairying in the south.
He told of the difficulties that beset dairying in Minne-
sota, Wisconsin, Iowa and North Dakota, where cattle
must be housed in expensive barns six months of the
year, and said that the south's equable climate, long
grazing seasons and abundance of labor make conditions
almost ideal for dairying.
"Down here," he said, "you can throw a dog through
the cracks in your barns, but they are good enough for
your mild climate and can be cheaply constructed and
maintained. And as for your labor, I would choose your
negroes any day in preference to the undependable
foreign element that we have to contend with in the
Honor to Whom Honor Is Due
No wonder the Rotary Club of Northern, N. C., re-
cently picked County Agent C. B. Faris as one of two
citizens worthy of distinguished recognition. Several
years ago he organized "The Craven County Farmers'
Club." Last year, with the help of this organization,
Craven county farmers shipped 119 carloads of farm
products for which they received an average of $2,500
Sales of hogs brought an average of about $1,500
weekly and poultry sales averaged $400 a week. Dairy-
ing has been particularly encouraged and a purebred
Jersey bull sale has been held. A farm program has been
adopted that calls for a five million dollar crop increase
in Craven county within five years through diversified
farming, more livestock and poultry, and improved
methods of grading and marketing.
A similar program should be carried out in every North
Carolina county. The state every year imports over
$158,000,000 worth of food and feed. North Carolina
farmers are paying out nearly $62,000,000 a year for
supplies that they could and should produce.
SHIPPING SEASON FOR CABBAGE AND
H. W. Tucker Packing House Has Moved 40
Cars of One and 12 of the Other
(Ocala Star, April 5, 1930)
The cabbage and lettuce shipping season is ending this
week, according to information given out at the H. W.
Tucker packing house this morning. Forty cars of cab-
bage and 12 of lettuce were handled by the house, it
Almost record prices were received for cabbage this
year, and the crop was an outstanding one both in quality
and as a profit payer. Medium prices were received for
lettuce, it was said, unfavorable weather reducing the
The bean shipping season will open about April 21,
with indications pointing to only about one-half the
normal yield, due to cold weather and high winds, which
damaged the vines badly. Mr. Tucker has about 75 acres
of Fordhook lima beans, something new for this section,
but which records show has always proved a profitable
crop. This crop has been badly damaged by poor grow-
ing conditions and will probably yield only about 25 per
cent of what would have been produced under normal
Cold weather and high winds have retarded the tomato
crop this year, and the season for this vegetable will be
about a month late.
Shipping is expected to start about May 20. While the
acreage this season is much larger than ever before
planted in this section, only a 50 per cent yield is antici-
pated, due, as with other crops, to unfavorable growing
FLORIDA REVIEW 18
NATIONAL EGG WEEK
National Poultry Council of the United States
Urges Universal Observation of May First
to Seventh for Boosting Eggs as a
For the fifth consecutive year, the American nation is
uniting to pay homage to the American hen and her
wonderful food product-the egg-by participating in
the great nation-wide celebration known as "National
Egg Week" which will take place during the period May
1st to 7th, 1930.
Every citizen of our great country can play a definite
part in this great program of education and celebration-
the student, the investigator, the educator, the poultry
leader who organizes group activities, the poultry farmer,
the distributor, the store keeper and the consumer are all
playing their part in this great celebration, which has
come to be a national institution.
The National Poultry Council has again issued its an-
nual proclamation setting aside May 1st to 7th, inclu-
sive, 1930, as "National Egg Week." For the fifth con-
secutive year this great national egg celebration will take
place the first week in May. State committees have been
organized in every state in the Union and throughout the
country,-state, county and local programs are being
developed to make this celebration nation-wide and of
real interest and benefit to the great consuming popula-
tion of America.
The official slogan which has been adopted for 1930
is "Eggs for Vitamins and Health," depicting as it does
the peculiar and distinctive value of eggs in the human
The principal part of "National Egg Week" celebration
will consist of nation-wide publicity throughout maga-
zines and newspapers the country over. Short snappy
stories in farm papers, metropolitan dailies, poultry
journals and farm magazines will be widely used. The
National Poultry Council is supplying many such stories
during early April to state committees who will be re-
sponsible for their local publication. State committees
will prepare additional material. It is expected that
over 100,000 inches of news and editorial material will
appear in printed form throughout the United States.
Local merchants, producers, shippers and other persons
interested in any way in the poultry and egg industry
are planning to do cooperative advertising during
"National Egg Week." As in past years, advertising
copy of all kinds will carry reference to "National Egg
Week" and the purposes of this great national celebra-
The National Poultry Council has prepared a number
of radio messages which," together with similar stories
prepared by local state committees, will be placed on the
air by the members of the various state committees and
others interested in the aims and purposes of the
"National Egg Week" celebration.
National Egg Week Posters and Stickers
As in previous years, there are available for distribu-
tion over 100,000 posters carrying the story of eggs in a
most beautiful and impressive manner. These posters are
available to any one wishing them at cost in lots of 100;
the price being $5.00 per hundred, or 5c each, including
mailing costs. These are beautiful lithographed posters
13x20 inches in size. Local poultry associations, com-
panies, corporations and groups of citizens interested in
the aims and purposes of "National Egg Week" should
secure 100 or more copies of these posters and see that
they are displayed conspicuously in post offices, railroad
stations, stores, banks and other public places where they
will help to put across the story of the wonderful value
of eggs as food.
The National Poultry Council also has available for
distribution close to a million "National Egg Week"
stickers, lithographed in four colors, about 1x2 inches in
size, filled with human interest ideas. They are just the
right size to attach to envelopes, letters, menus, programs
and other similar material. They are available to any-
one at cost, including mailing, of $5.00 ler M.
National Egg Week Exhibits
State committees and organizations of poultrymen are
securing the interest and aid of retail merchants in put-
ting up attractive window displays featuring eggs in the
diet. Producers are being encouraged to cooperate in
displaying their eggs in attractive exhibits in banks, store
windows and other appropriate places. Local egg shows
will be held in many towns and cities where prizes will be
offered for excellence in quality of products.
National Egg Week Menus
During "National Egg Week," as in previous years,
hotels, restaurants, service and luncheon clubs, etc., are
being asked to print special egg week menus featuring
eggs during the week of May 1st to 7th. Special Egg
Week menu cards are being prepared by railroads ope-
rating pullman dining car and restaurant service.
Literally hundreds of instructive, miscellaneous stunts
and programs are being planned in many sections of the
country to still further develop interests in eggs and the
purpose of "National Egg Week." These include parades,
home economics demonstrations, egg hunts and races for
the kiddies, the use of baby chicks and eggs as currency,
and others too numerous to mention.
The National Poultry Council will be pleased to
cooperate fully with any group wishing to take part in
the celebration and will be glad to send its literature to
anyone requesting same.
Just remember the dates, May 1st to 7th, 1930, will be
"National Egg Week."
SWEET POTATO CULTURE URGED
(Columbia Gazette, April 4, 1930)
Having made further investigation of the matter, the
chamber of commerce has decided not to recommend to
Columbia county farmers that they sign contracts with
the company mentioned last week for growing of sweet
potatoes. It was found the company declined to stand
behind their representative's price guarantee.
Secretary Karstedt is, however, encouraging farmers
to plant as large an acreage of sweet potatoes as possi-
ble, guaranteeing them all a good market will be found
where the highest possible market prices will be received.
Quite a number of farmers, he says, have already ar-
ranged to plant sweet potatoes for the market and more
are urged to do likewise. Any kind of good potato may
be planted, though Big Stem Jersey is the most market-
able variety, said Mr. Karstedt.
THIRTY COUNTIES TO ENCOURAGE THE
USE OF MILK AS A FOOD
(Polk County Record, March 27, 1930)
Tallahassee, March 27.-(A. P.)-Milk will be in un-
usual demand in Florida during the month of April, as at
that time thirty counties of the state will be staging
Miss Mary A. Stennis, food nutrition and health
specialist of the state home demonstration department,
said that both girls and women's rural clubs will promote
such ideas as "more milk for growth" and "more milk
for health," under the supervision of home demonstration
agents of the respective counties.
May 1, designated as "Child Health Day," will in many
instances feature the climax to the "more milk" program,
Material promoting the milk program in Florida was
collected and distributed during March by Miss Stennis,
home demonstration agents receiving all available data
from state and national organizations.
Among the different programs to be carried out in pro-
moting more consumption of milk include child-feeding
demonstrations, animal feeding demonstrations, subject
matter on "Food Value of Milk and Milk Products,"
showing of slides on "Nutrition and Bone Building," milk
exhibits, plays, pageants and stores, the demonstration
department's leaflet on "Why Drink Milk," demonstra-
tions in preparation of milk dishes, and poster contests.
The programs, while promoted by the extension clubs,
will reach the children of the entire community in many
instances, Miss Stennis said.
MAKE BUSINESS OF HOG FARMING AND
GET MORE PROFITS
(By Spuds Johnson, in Highlands County News, April 4,
Had a little visit this morning by W. J. Sheely, live-
stock man with the A. C. L. Railroad. He believes in
hogs as a money crop for Florida farms, when properly
handled, and he said some things that put me to think-
ing. As an indication of the growing importance of hogs
as money makers, he stated that his road shipped 267
cars of them from Florida in 1928 and 426 cars in 1929.
Pretty good increase.
"There are certain farmers who make money on hogs
every year and some who make on them some years and
lose on them other years," he said. "The thing to do
is for all hog farmers to get to the point where they can
make money on hogs every year." Then he enumerated
some of the things that will help make this possible.
One of the first things he said was that farmers should
keep sows that are prolific-that farrow large litters of
pigs. And then these pigs should be saved. He said that
about 40 per cent of the pigs now farrowed never reach
the market. A little care of the pigs, keeping them free
of worms and other pests, will help to keep them alive.
Mr. Sheely said one other essential was to keep the pigs
growing from the day they are born until they are ready
for market. Just putting the old sow and the pig or two
in the pen, letting them root around in the mud, is not
going to bring profits from hogs.
Experiment Station folks tell us that pigs can be kept
free of worms by having them farrowed on clean
ground-that is, ground that has been cultivated since
hogs have run on it. The sow should receive a good
scrubbing before she farrows and should then be placed
on this clean ground. A crop of oats or rye makes an
ideal place to have young pigs farrowed.
The Agricultural Extension Division folks at Gaines-
ville have worked out a system whereby it is possible to
have a succession of feed and grazing crops for hogs.
They will send information about this to anyone who
writes for it, or who inquires of his county agent for it.
Let's consider hogs as a market crop, and raise them
like they ought to be raised, so that we can make some
money on them. And let's market them along about
September, when prices are good. To do that, we'll have
to keep the spring pigs growing.
WELCOME, MAINE GROWERS!
(Palatka News, April 7, 1930)
So closely identified are the interests of Florida and of
Maine, both potato growing states and both seasonal
resorts, that it affords Palatka and Putnam county and
the Hastings potato belt especial pleasure to welcome
here today the party of 150 potato growers and state
department of agriculture officials who have honored
us with a visit.
The ice man, as a rule, peddles coal in winter. But
Maine and Florida are non-competitive in their bid for
tourists. Maine takes them while the summer is hot
and Florida goes after them when the winter is cold.
Maine grows Irish potatoes-many more than Florida
does-but at a different season. Maine supplies the seed
potatoes and Florida plants them. They work together
like brothers and split the profits.
Florida has always been appreciative of the favors it
has received from Maine. While other northern and
eastern states, inspired by an understandable jealousy,
panned this commonwealth and boosted it with knocks,
Maine remained friendly.
No other state in the union has been such a good
neighbor, despite the more than one thousand inter-
The visit of the Maine growers affords the opportunity
for expressing Florida's immense appreciation of the
favors it has received. It also affords this particular
section a chance to display its wares. It has much climate
of which to boast, but its assets are not confined to
climate. It has also the finest early Irish potato soil in
the world and a variety of other soils that grow citrus
fruits, celery, string beans, grapes, melons and half a
hundred products of the farm and orchard. Its soil is
well adapted to the growing of tung oil, now being intro-
duced into the United States as a commercial crop with
large potentialities. No section of Florida offers more
to the poultryman, and the growing of poultry is de-
veloping at a rapid rate.
We extend to these honored visitors, in behalf of
Palatka, Hastings and the entire potato belt, a most
cordial welcome and express the hope that they may
visit us again when they can remain longer.
A NEW INDUSTRY
Florida has a new industry in the form of a factory
for making "cabans." They are made on the knock-down
plan and can be hauled from place to place and put up
for living purposes. There is need for them to the ex-
tent that Mr. A. C. Peterson of West Palm Beach has
patented a process of constructing them and wants a
partner to increase the capacity of his shop.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
HERE'S HOPING THAT BURKS HAMNER
IS A TRUE PROPHET
(Polk County Record, April 5, 1930)
In his very interesting "pep" talk before the Kiwanis
Club of Bartow, Friday at noon, Burks Hamner indulged
in a number of predictions which all hope will come
true-that 1931 will see a revival of hotel and apartment
house building greater than ever seen in Florida before;
that within 10 years at the outside, the tung oil industry
of Florida will have eclipsed the citrus industry, and
that within the next three to five years there will be a
development of diversified agriculture within the state
which will forever remove the danger which always
threaten a "one crop" state. Mr. Hamner is an en-
thusiast, but he is a worker and ever strives to make
his predictions come true. He has made predictions re-
garding Florida which have come true. Here's hoping
he is right this time.
THE TUNG INDUSTRY
(Tampa Times, April 5, 1920)
Somebody has clipped and sent us a newspaper article
upon this subject, without any indication as to its origin,
though it is judged that it must have been taken from
some south Georgia paper. However that may be, it
treats of Florida's tung oil industry and its possibilities
in such an interesting manner that it is being passed on
to Times readers:
Down near Tallahassee, Florida, a good many years
ago a tung oil tree was planted by a citizen of that sec-
tion. It grew rapidly and became such a curiosity that
the government leased it, built an iron fence around it
and is now preserving it as one of its curiosities, though
the tung oil tree is no longer a curiosity in Florida. The
traveler who goes from Miccosukee to Tallahassee will
find this tree located on the left hand side of the road,
with its branches spreading like the proverbial green bay
Since that time, however, a great many other tung
oil trees have been planted in Florida. Down in Alachua
county there is a very large grove of them and tung oil
has become quite an industry. Figures have been pro-
duced recently to show the value of these trees. In the
first place there are 850 large manufacturers in the
United States now using tung oil, which goes into var-
nishes, enamel, lacquers and a great many other
products. It is said that the tung oil trees grow more
rapidly than the chinaberry tree and they begin pro-
ducing in a very short while after being planted.
Figures taken from experiments in Florida show that
in the third year of a tung oil tree's life its yield of oil
is $32.63; the fourth year it is $85.83; the fifth year it
is $167.46; the sixth year it is $245.34, and the seventh
year it is $327.12.
These figures are for exceptional years. It is likely
that there may be years when the tung oil tree, like the
pecan, the citrus fruit or the peach tree, will not be so
profitable, but the fact remains that the tung oil industry
is getting to be a very large one, and there is a demand
for a larger quantity of tung oil than is produced at the
It is said that the tung oil trees will grow much faster
and larger, will bear quicker and will have a larger yield
in Florida and in south Georgia than in China. The large
manufacturers predict that tung oil will soon eclipse the
citrus fruit industry in value. The tung oil tree is one of
the few trees that will begin producing profits after the
third year of its life. The tung oil trees are self polen-
izing and therefore bear annually. No pests have yet
bothered the tung oil trees and spraying them or other
methods of treating them is unnecessary.
The fruit falls when it is ripe and the cost of gather-
ing is limited to the cost of picking up the balls when
they fall to the ground.
There are said to be more than 1,000 uses for tung
oil and it is more than likely that there will be other
uses for it when the production becomes larger. It is
merely another one of those great crops that is destined
to make our section of the country independent of the
balance of the world while furnishing to the balance of
the world a product which it needs.
If the tung oil tree will do half that its friends say
that it will do, it promises to be a wonderful boon to the
land owners who plant out groves and who cultivate them
for the revenue they will produce.
VEGETABLES IN BAY COUNTY
Panama City, Florida, March 26.-Celery and iceberg
lettuce is now being successfully grown in Bay county,
Florida. Mr. H. O. Freeman of H. O. Freeman & Son
realizing the productive quality of Bay county's soil,
determined in spite of all reports that it could not be
done, to experiment in the growing of same.
One crop of lettuce of about twenty thousand heads,
much of which has already been sold on the market here,
in Dothan and Montgomery, Alabama, bringing a most
The celery is just now being cut and is of superior
quality, there being thousands of stalks fast maturing.
In addition to lettuce and celery, thousands of bundles
of turnips have been sold. The early crop sold locally
before local farmers' crops had reached a marketable
Spinach is another crop which has found a ready sale,
the variety grown with large foliage being exceedingly
Bermuda onions are being grown and are coming along
nicely, there being several acres in this crop.
It is Mr. Freeman's idea to have a succession of lettuce
and celery crops through the entire year, and even though
the turnips, spinach, carrots, rutabagas, etc., have proved
successful, he has decided to grow solely next year,
lettuce and celery.
FORT PIERCE FRUIT BRINGS $18 PER BOX
ON NEW YORK MARKET
(Florida Times-Union, April 4, 1930)
Fort Pierce, April 3.-A small shipment of king
oranges handled by the Fort Pierce Growers' Association,
local unit of the Florida Citrus Exchange, sold recently
on the New York market at the fancy price of $18 a box.
Excellent prices are being received by local growers
for their fruit, netting $3.50 to $4 a box on the tree and
sometimes even more for fancy grade.
Local packing plants are now running at high speed
in order to finish up the season's run by the federal
quarantine deadline, April 15.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
GROWERS SHOULD CONSIDER QUALITY
(Florida Advocate, March 14, 1930)
The spring vegetable shipping season is about to begin
in Hardee county. Within another ten days or two weeks
cucumbers and other vegetables will be leaving this
county in large quantities daily.
Right now is a good time to consider what you shall
sell this season. It is well for every grower to resolve
now that during the coming season he will put up only
the best grades of vegetables, and put them up the best-
he knows how.
Heretofore, many growers have been careless about
their grades and packs. As a result they have hurt not
only themselves, but their neighbors as well. When the
consumer finds that the stuff he buys is not up to stand-
ard, he immediately becomes skeptical and is more par-
ticular next time he starts to buy.
This section-has long had the reputation of producing
some of the finest vegetables and fruits grown in Florida,
yet we are also known to put up as sorry a pack as
any. It should not be this way, but it is. There isn't
any reason on earth why every package of fancy vege-
tables or fruit out of this county shouldn't bring fancy
prices. On the other hand, we cannot expect fancy
prices when we mix choice and cull grades with fancy
Careless grades and sorry packs have caused untold
losses to Hardee county growers each year. Most of our
growers know this, but they go on year after year, try-
ing to get fancy prices for what they know isn't fancy
produce. Then they complain about the price when as a
matter of fact they should share a big part of the blame.
Buyers, too, haven't been as careful as they might in
buying the different grades. They have usually taken
the growers' word for it, later to be sorry. We are glad
to note they are paying more attention to grades now,
and are demanding better grades and packs.
If the present season is to be successful, and every-
one hopes that it will, the growers must offer only quality
vegetables, packed according to standard. If they do this,
returns are bound to be gratifying.
(Orlando Evening Reporter-Star, March 27, 1930)
Progress in Florida will not be accomplished by measur-
ing the water that has gone over the wheel. Oregon
used to have a slogan, "Not what a man has done, but
what he is going to do." Reiterating and repeating
figures pertaining to the past isn't half as interesting
and potential as figures dealing with the future.
Developments of a substantial character are going on
in Florida that deal with natural resources. Investment
opportunities in these larger industries, based on natural
resources, are being investigated. It is a well established
rule in business to make careful surveys before going
into new territory. Not in the history of Florida have
so many men of large resources been making private
investigations at their own expense looking to investment
as at present writing.
Five years ago money was seeking investment. Bor-
rowing on Florida securities was easy-too easy for our
own good. It was easy to write checks those days; and
very few bad checks were given. While considerable
money is still tied up in frozen investments in Florida,
this is a mere pittance as compared to that now seeking
safe investment. Restoring confidence is Florida's first
task. Investments will follow.
SHIPMENTS OF CREAM FROM GADSDEN
(Gadsden County Times, April 3, 1930)
The development of the sour cream shipping project,
which was established by the chamber of commerce three
weeks ago, is showing excellent results, increasing ship-
ments every week, and a cooperation among the farmers
who own dairy cattle that could not be surpassed in any
Every industry that started in Gadsden county in the
past was established on a small basis, and built itself
up into a paying proposition in a reasonable length of
time, and the dairying industry is no exception to this
rule; however, the chamber of commerce calls attention
to the fact again, that no matter how much sour cream
you might have saved up, you are requested to deliver it
to the chamber of commerce office, 111 E. Jefferson
street, on Tuesday before 12 noon, and after a test, you
will be paid so much a pound for the butterfat content.
(Plant City Courier, March 14, 1930)
Speaking at the opening of the festival Wednesday,
S. W. Hiatt, state marketing bureau specialist, put con-
siderable stress on the necessity of Florida growers and
shippers taking every care and precaution to place on
the market a product of good quality, in fact a product
of some better quality than any produce which may com-
pete with it on northern markets. Mr. Hiatt pointed
out the fact that through the greater part of the year
Florida must compete with other production areas in the
marketing of her crops. Therefore, he sees the neces-
sity of producing a truly quality product rather than a
Growers who produce strawberries in the Plant City
area have gained a real reputation in the strawberry
markets of the north for their product. There is no
doubt but that this section raises the best strawberries
in the state. And in doing this growers enjoy better
prices for their product here than do the growers else-
where in general. The production in a like manner of
other quality products will sustain Plant City and East
Hillsborough's supremacy on northern markets also.
The day has arrived when poor quality will receive little
recognition on the world's markets. Plant City farmers
are good farmers and they are capable of raising the
best. So long as they continue to produce a good quality
produce, and constantly strive to improve it, the mar-
keting of this product should only under the most ad-
verse conditions prove a difficult problem.
FLORIDA ORANGES SELL AT $10.65 A BOX
(Tampa Times, April 7, 1930)
Auction prices of Florida citrus fruits fluctuated some-
what last week, mainly to the advantage of the grower,
the Florida Citrus Exchange announced today. Quota-
tions on oranges ranged from $2.75 a box for the
poorest to $10.65 for best grade Valencias. Grapefruit
brought $2.35 for ordinary quality to $9.25 for choice.