UA U .S.Dept. of Agriculture,
Asi nig-ton, D.OC
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 4. OCTOBER 7, 1929 No. 9
TWO WAYS OF TELLING A STORY
By T. J. BROOKS, Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture
ELL DO I remember a story in McGuffy's
Fourth Reader, entitled "Two Ways of
Telling a Story." It was of a sleigh
ride by school children. The students,
in great glee, were telling their teacher Mon-
day morning of a wonderful time they had
during week-end, and related an incident of the
party passing an old gentleman in a vehicle
and the party of youngsters pelted the old man
and his horse recklessly. The horse was fright-
ened and a serious accident was narrowly
avoided. The children saw only the funny side
of the incident. The teacher listened to the
story and then told them that the old gentleman
was his father. He then related the story as it
appeared to his father, which was quite differ-
ent from the one they had told.
There are two ways of telling an economic
story, in the forum, in print, in court. One-sided
evidence is called, in legal parlance, "exparte
testimony." One can tell a half truth and show
up a situation as favorable or unfavorable and
make it look plausible, unless the other side is
properly presented also. There is too much
one-sided writing and speaking going on on all
subjects. There is a disposition to "make out a
case" rather than discover the truth.
THE GOOD SIDE
Let's notice the good side of our economic
situation. This United States of America is the
richest nation in all the history of the world.
The masses of the people have more of the
necessities and luxuries of life than any other
people who ever lived.
The production per work-hand is greater in
this than in any other country. The use of
machinery is more thoroughly developed here
Although the United States has only one-sixth
of the world's population, it produces:
90% of moving pictures
85% of automobiles
75% of corn
66% of oil
60% of copper
60% of aluminum
60% of cotton
52% of coal
40% of lead
40% of silver
50% of iron and steel
25% of wheat
20% of gold
It has the greatest railroad tonnage in the
world on 250,000 miles of railways-and a cap-
ital of $23,000,000,000 invested in them.
The people of the United States consume
more per capital than do the people of any other
country on the globe.
The wage-earners of the United States re-
ceive as much money per annum as do the wage-
earners of all the rest of the world.
The people of the United States spend as
much money for education annually as all the
rest of the peoples of the earth, $2,500,000,000.
Has 25,000,000 students in public schools,
21,000,000 in private schools and 800,000 in
Individually and collectively the people of
the United States contribute more money for
beneficent purposes than is given for all benevo-
lent causes by the citizens of every other nation
on this planet.
The United States is the only nation existing
whose paper money circulated at home and
abroad at par all through the World War, and
There are splendid highways in this country
of a mileage equal to six times around the globe
at the equator. We have $15,000,000,000 in-
vested in vehicles; 5,100 ships from 28 countries
carry our ocean commerce. The value of our
annual foreign commerce is $10,000,000,000.
The ownership of the country is fast going
into the hands of the millions, who are buying
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
the stocks of big corporations; 3,500 stock-
holders were added since 1918. Of these,
500,000 were employees of the concerns in
which they bought stock; 1,000,000 were cus-
tomers of these concerns, and 2,000,000 were
from the general public. There are over
2,000,000 bondholders in this country.
THE OTHER SIDE
The wealth of the United States is so un-
equally divided that the measure of prosperity
is limited to a small part of the population.
Such a condition bodes evil for the future. No
red-blooded people will indefinitely endure con-
ditions that are manifestly unjust and oppres-
sive. The masses are no match for the classes
in finance-never have been-never can be.
Therefore, it is the function of government to
hedge around the classes and protect the masses
So closely has the line of demarcation been
drawn between the wealthy few and the masses
that advertisers are now appealing to "The
There are 24,000,000 families in the United
States. The total number of families whose in-
come is $20,000 and over is 25,000.
There are about 163,000 homes built per year
at a cost of $25,000 each. There were fewer
than 50,000 Packards sold last year, and less
than 500 Rolls-Royce cars. Only 35% of the
homes of this country have ice boxes of any kind.
The gross value of farm products is around
$13,000,000,000 annually, on an investment of
$60,000,000,000, on 6,000,000 farms of 365,-
000,000 acres in cultivation.
According to federal reports the value of all
farm property in the United States was:
1910 ..... ....................$40,991,000,000
1920 ................ ......... 77,924,000,000
1925 ............................ 49,467,000,000
The rise and fall of values as here indicated
has very little effect on production. Apprecia-
tion or depreciation in price does not really
express utility value. But commercial appraise-
ment of values has a lot to do with the financial
standing of the owners of property. Deflation
after inflation plays havoc with commercial
ratings and bank credits.
The farmers owe over $11,000,000,000. It
takes over a fourth of the cash income of the
farmers to pay the interest on this debt. The
farm equipment of the United States is $2,691,-
The percentage of the population engaged in
farming is lessening. The percentage of the
wealth owned by farmers is lessening at a still
This is more and more becoming a nation of
wage earners. The employed class are going
through a period of readjustment which renders
their position precarious. In eight years a
rubber company increased its output from
32,000 units to 57,000 units, and at the same
time its force decreased from 24,000 to 16,500.
A sugar refinery of 2,000,000 pounds capacity
with 500 hands, now produces 3,000,000 pounds
with 400 men. A textile mill with 5,100 hands
turned out 137,000 yards of cloth, now produces
the same amount with 3,100 workers. Railways
have turned off 200,000 men by adopting eco-
nomic efficiency methods.
The age limit of employment is leaving off
thousands with no means of support. The per-
centage of homeless people, both in country
and city, is increasing. The cost of building,
commercial interest rates and taxes, render the
purchase of a home impossible. Especially is
this true if professional aid has to be called into
service-such as are incidental to sickness and
legal entanglements. When a few people are
bankrupt or hungry little attention is paid to it.
Then can suffer, get aid from charity or commit
suicide. But when hundreds of thousands are
willing to work and cannot get it they pool their
troubles and become a mob to be reckoned with.
When millions have these trials in common the
result is revolution.
It is evident that our civilization is not con-
ducive to law-observance, peace of mind or
economy of government.
There are more murders and suicides in the
United States than in any other country on the
globe. The number of homicides is 2,340 an-
nually; the number of insane in state hospitals
is 250,890; the number of criminals in the peni-
tentiaries is 124,000; the cost of prosecution
exceeds the salaries of the administrators of the
A top-heavy civilization may sleep while the
foundations of society are crumbling. When a
nation's moral stamina is gone and despair
stalks abroad the spectacular display of wealth
only whets the appetite of rebellion.
For more than a year outside capitalists have been
figuring on establishing what is known as a "Dude" ranch
in Bay county. They have asked for an option on approx-
imately 80,000 acres of land in the western part of the
county on the West Peninsula which they now have un-
der consideration. This development will involve some-
thing like a million and a half dollars, or probably more.
A "Dude" ranch consists of many head of livestock-
cows, horses, etc., a group of cowboys, race tracks, where
rodeos will be held, a golf course, club houses, bathing
beaches, etc., in fact everything that pertains to the great
out of doors will be in evidence.-Lynn Haven Press.
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO..................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ............Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
OCTOBER 7, 1929
MAYO HAS NEW MARKETING PLAN FOR
Tallahassee.-Initial steps to aid the people of Florida
in a campaign to keep from spending approximately
$127,481,913 for imported food products annually was
taken by Governor Carlton and Commissioner Mayo of
the Department of Agriculture this week, when final or-
ganization of a marketing board was formed, and ap-
pointment made of specialists to work for increased crops
and a general cooperative system among growers of the
Three appointments were made. F. W. Risher, former
poultry marketing expert of North Carolina, will act in
this capacity for Florida; V. W. Lewis of Florence, South
Carolina, an experienced live stock and general agricul-
ture marketing expert, has been employed, and S. W.
Hiatt, former county agent of Palm Beach county, will
have charge of marketing for the fruit and vegetable
group. Another man who will supervise the work in the
dairying branch is expected to be appointed within the
next few days.
Another activity which is expected to bring results for
the growers of the State, is the decision to advertise
Florida farm products in northern and eastern papers at
seasons of the year when particular products are being
The board which will have charge of the activities of
this new work consists of Governor Carlton, Commis-
sioner of Agriculture Mayo and Marketing Bureau Com-
missioner L. M. Rhodes. The sum of $35,000 was appro-
priated by the last legislature for this work. It will also
provide for a greater marketing news service which will
be carried on cooperatively with the Federal government,
as well as a decided increase in active field service.
The slogan, "Florida Feed Thyself and keep some of
the $127,000,000 you are now sending out of the State
for food products," has been adopted.
"We will add additional force to the marketing bureau
and work consistently hand in hand with the growers
for a decided increase in farm output as well as coopera-
tive buying and selling," Commissioner Mayo declared.
"Each of the men employed as specialists in the four
branches of the bureau, are men of the highest type
and training. We hope to have the organization going
full force by September 1."
"The work is all new to the State and we ask that the
people not expect too much in a short space of time, but
we do believe when fruit growers, dairymen, poultrymen
and general farm operators become acquainted with the
plan and give their fullest cooperation, we will have a
marketing organized second to none."
The marketing plan is one which commissioners Mayo
and Rhodes have given several years study. They have
visited thirteen states, including California, investigating
marketing plans in operation there.
The marketing bureau was created about twelve years
ago and has grown steadily under the management of
Mr. Rhodes. The agricultural department, which is as-
sociated with the marketing bureau, has been under the
direction of Commissioner Mayo for the past six years
and is entirely self-sustaining today. It draws its operat-
ing revenue from the inspection fund and does not rely
on the general fund created for that purpose.
In order to bring about a condition in Florida which
will result in a state entirely feeding itself as well as its
winter visitors, and allowing for marketing of citrus
fruits and vegetables in the north, the following im-
provements will need be made, Commissioner Mayo points
out: It will require approximately 80,000 more dairy
cows, 100,000 more sheep, 200,000 more beeves, 400,000
additional hogs and 1,000,000 more laying hens. An
increase of production on present farms, or new growers
for Florida, is needed to meet this demand.
With the full cooperation of the people and a properly
functioning marketing board, such as has been formed,
Florida will not only feed itself, but will take important
steps towards becoming one of the most important ex-
porting districts in the United States, Governor Carlton
CHAMBER GETS A CREAM DEPOT FOR
The Chamber of Commerce announces that it has been
successful in securing Swift and Company, of Mont-
gomery, to establish a cream depot in Marianna. The
depot will be handled by Mr. F. S. Snyder at his ice
cream plant on Lafayette street opposite the court house.
Cream will be bought for cash two days in each week,
beginning on Tuesday, August 27th, and each Tuesday
and Friday thereafter. Next week the price paid for
cream will be 40 cents per pound and in the future the
price will be governed by the Chicago market. This will
assure cream producers of getting the best possible price
for their products.
Mr. Willis Ludwig, field representative of Swift and
Company, has been working with the chamber of com-
merce for the past two months and will install the
machinery and equipment the latter part of this week.
He will be here for the opening to see that every proper
facility is afforded the farmers for getting their cream
properly tested and weighed. The chamber of commerce
is much gratified in securing this new marketing facility
for Marianna and Jackson county farmers. It is but part
of its program not only to provide more, but also better
markets for the producers of Jackson county. Cream
should be delivered to the depot in time to be sent off on
the west bound train leaving Marianna at 4:21 p. m.
Both sour and sweet cream will be accepted and cash
price of 40 cents net will be paid to the producer.
Mr. Snyder is well equipped to handle this work as
he has had wide experience in the cream and dairy busi-
ness and is now successfully operating Marianna's only
ice cream plant. Cream in any quantity will be accepted.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
BIG ACREAGE OF RITTA POTATOES
But Beans Will Be Major Crop on Southwest
Side of Lake Okeechobee
Clewiston.-Seed beds for fall crops of eggplant and
pepper have not done particularly well in this section,
and the major portion of the fall planting of truck crops
will likely be in beans. W. C. Hooker, the Waldrons,
Julian, Rob, Wash, Tom and Clarence; Sam Davis, Tom
Geiger and L. L. Lowe, are among the number preparing
ground in the Bare Beach District. At Ritta, Walter
Brown, K. C. Smith, Maud Wingfield and the Seminole
Farms have begun getting land in shape. There will be
around 100 acres of fall beans in that section, with some
early planting of onions and cabbage. Potatoes will go
in about December 1, since the Ritta section is com-
paratively free from frost, and a group is now combin-
ing with the intention of planting about 100 acres at
The pump plant at Bare Beach is operating efficiently,
and no danger of flooding out from back water is antici-
pated. Growers in the territory from Sugar Junction to
Clewiston for the first time in many years feel some as-
surance that fall-planted crops will come to maturity.
This feeling will undoubtedly tend to increase the acre-
age, which will go into crop prior to the first of the year,
though the tendency may be balanced or overcome by
the lack of financing for additional acreage. Fertilizer
houses were never strong in the lake deal; commission
houses, which recently financed much of the planting,
have to a great extent, withdrawn their financial aid, and
neither local or east coast banks, under circumstances
existing in Florida at the present time, feel warranted
in advancing money to truck farmers. Outside capital
must be had, then from individuals sold on the prospects
and possibilities of this section.
TRUCK GROWERS MAKE PLANS TO PLANT
Pinellas County to Feature Strawberries and
Beans This Fall and Winter
(St. Petersburg Times)
Clearwater.-By far the largest gathering of truck
growers ever to be assembled in Clearwater met tonight
with the Pinellas Berry and Truck Growers' Association
in the county court house and pledged their support to-
ward the efforts of the association to make Pinellas the
best organized county in the State for the planting and
marketing of truck and strawberries on a cooperative
Undaunted by the fact that just at present heavy re-
strictions are being placed by the United States depart-
ment of agriculture on growers all over the state regard-
ing the marketing of their products during the coming
season, the growers expressed nothing but optimism con-
cerning the outlook for the -present crop situation this
Plant Berries and Beans
The growers have agreed to plant a large acreage this
season in strawberries and beans, listed as non-host plants
in the new revised government regulations, and may be
shipped into any state in the country with no restrictions
as to processing the plants by subjecting them to heating
or cooling temperatures before leaving the states, as is
required for citrus fruit and other plants regarded by
the department of agriculture as host to the Medfly.
E. F. DeBusk, state plant board official, read to the
growers the official bulletin from Washington contain-
ing the regulations. While the contents of the bulletin
were broadcasted from the capital several days ago this
was the first official notice Pinellas county had received
from the agricultural department.
During the coming week the board of directors of the
association will spend considerable time in studying the
lengthy document and hope to be prepared to give a
detailed report of their findings at the next association
meeting scheduled for Friday night.
Plans for the co-operative purchasing of seed, fer-
tilizer, crates and other necessary materials by the asso-
ciation were discussed last night and though no definite
instructions were given the organization to place any
orders during the coming week, the arrangement was
heartily endorsed by every grower present.
Support of the railroads in any way that they may be
able to assist in the shipping, transporting and marketing
of Pinellas products was given by E. B. O. Kelly, repre-
senting the Atlantic Coast Line, and R. B. Norton, Clear-
water, general agent for the Seaboard.
William Gomme, county agricultural agent, spoke to
the body on the importance of immediate action relative
to the planting of the crops for this year so as to be pre-
pared to meet the demands of consumers in the early
At next Friday's meeting the growers will discuss in
detail the planting and cultivation of strawberries for
the benefit of the many new members who have hereto-
fore never grown the plant for northern shipment.
Action is also expected on the distribution of acreage to
be devoted to the two non-host plants in Pinellas.
HERE IS SOMETHING TO "CROW" ABOUT
A news story in the Ocala Star says more than $3,000
was paid to poultrymen of that county for friers be-
tween May 25 and June 25. That's news worth crowing
Orange county poultry yards have been doing some
cackling, too, although the proprietors have been too
busy to do much crowing. A card on our desk indicates
that Orange county poultrymen can add another cipher
to the Marion county figures for the same period of time.
Facts are, however, that the poultry industry is de-
veloping so rapidly in Central Florida, and under present
organization methods is such a profitable industry that
few people except those actually connected with the in-
dustry can appreciate the magnitude of its development
to date. And this development is of but very recent
So good is the demand for poultry products that one
of the big industries of tomorrow will be the side in-
dustry of poultry dressing and storage, egg grading and
storage, and daily deliveries from yards to packing houses
and to the trade. The possibilities of the poultry in-
dustry in a land that entertains hundreds of thousands
of visitors the greater portion of the year are unlimited.
We may well "crow" as the industry grows.-Orlando
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
NEW DAIRY LAW IN EFFECT OCTOBER 1
Labeling and Capping Changes Will Be En-
forced in State
Tallahassee.-If dairymen of Florida find themselves
unprepared for the new milk and cream law when the
act becomes effective October 1, they will have to re-
adjust themselves to the latest requirements of the law,
Attorney General Fred H. Davis, in effect, has advised
the State Department of Agriculture.
The department recently asked the Attorney General
for an opinion as to whether the dairymen could be
allowed to use up an old supply of bottle caps before
buying new ones to meet the 1929 statute, if the new
law found them with old ones on hand. The Attorney
General replied emphatically that they could not.
"The law distinctly provides that after the effective
date of the act, which is October 1, 1929, it shall be
observed and complied with," his opinion said. "I find
nothing in the act which would permit the Commissioner
of Agriculture to relieve persons subject to the act from
complying with its requirements."
One of the principal provisions of the law is that all
dairies shall label their milk and cream with various
designations, including the name of the dairy producing
it and where it is produced. Some dairies protested, ad-
vising that they had supplied themselves with cap labels
in such quantities as to give them a large number after
the law becomes effective.
COOPERATIVE EGG DAY
(Plant City Courier)
On Wednesday of this week business men of Plant City
and poultrymen of this section are scheduled to sally
forth throughout this section for the purpose of "selling"
the Gulf Coast Poultry Cooperative organization now
being formed, to all of those in this section who have a
flock of chickens. Leading poultrymen of this section
have in general signed up. Others are said to be most
favorable toward the organization and awaiting only a
general movement for signing up before doing so them-
There is much to be said in approval of the coopera-
tive, little to be said against it. Any cooperative effort
which through the year can assure a firm and steady
market for products of the farm should not be regarded
lightly. Seasonal ups and downs of prices for any com-
modity make the production of that commodity somewhat
of a hazardous business. That situation has largely
governed the production of eggs in Hillsborough county
since eggs were first produced here. That situation will
continue to prevail so long as hundreds of producers com-
pete with one another in the sale of their eggs. It will
always be a buyers' market. The formation of a strong
cooperative, one which embraces practically the entire
output of eggs, will largely turn the tide of affairs to a
sellers' market as it were.
Poultrymen and all farmers who produce eggs should
and of a right ought to be interested in the cooperative.
Business men of Plant City too, should, and of a right
ought to be interested in the project. The success of a
poultry cooperative rests with the people of East Hills-
borough county who produce eggs. If they put their
shoulders to the wheel they can shove this organization
over the hill to success, a success that should result in a
staple market for their eggs, a success that should give
each and every farmer in the county an opportunity to
have a fair flock of birds and enjoy a year-round cash
income sufficient in part, if not in whole, to handle the
ordinary family grocery bill. Right now under present
conditions there are numbers of farmers with a couple
of hundred head of birds who are securing their entire
living from this one source and at the same time getting
a considerable amount of good fertilizer for use in pro-
ducing small crops.
Cash in the hand for the producer of eggs gives the
Plant City merchant or the merchant in any other section
of the county or at the cross roads the benefit of addi-
tional buying power. More cash money to spend for the
producer means the enjoyment of a greater degree of in-
dependence by him, while at the same time bringing into
circulation a large amount of money. Egg money in
Hillsborough county can become a big factor in the life of
this section. It can be secured in conjunction with the
ordinary run of affairs on the farm. The securing of it
should not materially interfere with ordinary crop ac-
East Hillsborough county egg producers will face the
problem Wednesday of aligning themselves with one of
the most progressive and forward movements ever started
here. It will be for them to say whether or not the old
order of affairs will prevail hereafter or the poultry in-
dustry of this county, largest producer of eggs in the
state, will march forward with a firmer step, a more en-
couraging future and a year around cash return for the
product of the egg basket.
CHICKENS ARE RAISED AT MODEL PLANT
(St. Cloud Tribune)
Conditions as nearly perfect as human skill and scien-
tific methods have been able to devise, surround and con-
trol the growth of niore than 500 chickens ranging from
one day to 30 days in age at the poultry house now be-
ing operated by William H. Shipley, at 210 Stockton
street, in Melbourne.
Fryers and broilers in 10 weeks is the objective of this
poultry raiser. He has constructed a chicken house which
is 50 by 10 feet in size and 6 feet high. It has a capacity
for 2,000 chicks, shipped here when one day old.
The babies are placed in electrically heated brooders
which have automatic controls. The poultry house is
electrically lighted and heated and has a most thorough
ventilating system, which prevents any direct draft from
reaching the chicks, and carries away all foul air. Cur-
tains provide shade and screening keeps out all flies and
A weight of one pound has been achieved on the first
shipment of 100, which arrived on May 1. This report
was made on June 1 and the loss averaged 10 per cent.
White Wyandottes have been the breed raised.
Two decks or shelves are built with a width of 36
inches along both sides of this model plant. The first
deck is two feet above the floor. This bottom space will
be utilized for feed bins and a feed wagon on rollers
permits the rations to be easily rolled to each of the 10
pens, which vary from 4 to 6 feet in length.
German peat litter is used, and with the perfectly
arranged ventilation, there is an entire absence of objec-
tionable odors.-Eau Gallie Record.
I i7R J A.
Photograph of Exhibit being shown at eight State Fairs by Florida Department of Agriculture
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
FLORIDA FINDS BIG PROFIT IN RAISING
Millions Are Being Made in State with Poultry,
Hen fruit may eventually be as important in Florida
crop reports as citrus fruit.
The little red hen and her boy- friend have already
established quite a reputation in the Sunshine State, but
they have greater ambitions.
Down in the citrus belt, for instance, where the fruit
fly knocked profits out of the orange and grapefruit busi-
ness, poultry is scratching to the front.
Citrus growers, it is said, are fitting up poultry farms
in the hope of off-setting citrus losses through the sale of
eggs and chickens.
Poultry has developed, in recent years, to one of the
state's most important industries. But never before,
says the state marketing bureau, has there been such
widespread interest in it.
According to the report of the Florida Department of
Agriculture for the years 1926-27, the value of eggs in
Florida was $6,446,611.
For the year 1922, it was $4,379,753. The increase in
valuation is more than $2,000,000. The increase will
continue, the marketing bureau says, for Florida farmers
are realizing there is money in poultry.
The chicken business in Florida is the subject of a
special article in the semi-monthly bulletin of the bureau,
which will be mailed out Monday.
Ten years ago, says this article, an egg was an egg in
Florida. It was gathered more or less at random and
sold at more or less irregular periods with little attention
to either production or marketing.
The bureau urges better breeds, fresher eggs, more
attractive packs, and better distribution through coopera-
Reports have reached the bureau of a greater egg pro-
duction in central Florida. Heretofore the state's poultry
business has been confined, chiefly, to the northern and
"Florida farmers are beginning to realize there is
money in poultry, livestock and dairy endeavor as well
as in the fruit and vegetable industry," the bureau says.
GROWTH OF DAIRYING
(Lake City Reporter)
In view of the growth of the dairy industry in many
states, the question has arisen as to whether this may
not lead to overproduction and consequent loss. When
all the facts are taken into consideration it appears that
there is little cause for apprehension on this score.
For several years health authorities, parent-teacher
associations and home demonstration agents have urged
the increased use of milk and other dairy products as a
means of better nourishment and better health for both
old and young. One effect of this campaign of education
is seen in the fact that more than 300,000,000 gallons
of ice cream are now consumed annually in the United
States, or nearly three gallons for every man, woman and
child. This is almost three times the per capital con-
sumption of 20 years ago.
Some interesting experiments recently reported by C.
U. Williams, manufacturer of iceomatic electric refrigera-
tors, showed that various animals grew much faster when
ice cream constituted one-third of the diet, due to the
presence of a proper proportion of proteins, carbohy-
drates and fats, as well as health-giving vitamins and
In addition to the greater consumption of ice cream,
more whole milk, butter, cheese and other dairy products
are also being used per person than formerly, and all this
requires increased production. It is therefore safe to say
that the dairy industry has before it a long period of
growth and prosperity.
CENTRAL MARKETING AGENCY WILL
HANDLE BULBS FOR SEMINOLE
Sanford.-A local production of 1,500,000 blooms is
expected during the coming season, according to a survey
made last night by seminole county bulb growers meet-
ing to formulate plans for the movement of the winter
crop of gladiolus and narcissus.
Bulb growers present were: Glenn Tyler, James
Stewart, C. M. Stowe, and Ben Fish. Meeting with them
were Gordon J. Barnett, general manager, and Hugh
Lalor, sales manager, of the Consolidated Plumosus
Shippers of Fern Park. At the request of the local bulb
producers, the Consolidated, which already operates pack-
ing houses in Fern Park, Daytona Beach and Yalaha, will
maintain a plant here during the shipping season from
December to April.
"This forward step on the part of the Sanford growers
is in line with the action of producers throughout the
State, who have contracted to market their blooms
through a central agency," said Mr. Barnett. "By thus
eliminating needless competition among ourselves, the
growers will help to maintain a favorable price in all
markets and their success in this undertaking will un-
questionably lead to further horticultural development
for Sanford and this vicinity.
Until this season, the Consolidated had devoted itself
exclusively to the distribution of asparagus plumosus.
Its plans for the coming season include the marketing of
3,000,000 gladiolus blooms, 2,000,000 narcissus blooms,
2,000,000 plumosa sprays and 500,000 Boston fern plants.
MILLION-DOLLAR INDUSTRY FOR
Announcement of a new million dollar industry as a
part of the expansion of the Newport plant, which is to
utilize pine waste for the making of insulation board,
and to bring to Pensacola the nationally known Arm-
strong Company, makers of linoleum and cork insulation,
was a big story of the week, ranking a close second to
the $5,000,000 paper mill.
A story of conference with state representative from
the Florida Marketing Bureau, here in connection with
a plan to market poultry, eggs and livestock coopera-
tively; announcement of improvements in rural schools;
payment of final salary checks of the Fliers, by the Pensa-
cola baseball club, were among the news gist of the week.
A small news story told of the closing of the summer
training camp at Fort Barrancas, putting a period to one
of the most extensive military training seasons ever put
on here, which has meant much in both interest and
money to the summer season.
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Photograph of Exhibit being shown at eight State Fairs by Florida Department of Agriculture
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FLORIDA REVIEW 9
PEANUT HAY DRYER AIDS DAIRYING
Dairying and the handling of beef cattle in the Ever-
glades and throughout South Florida will be advanced
by the success that attended the operation of a peanut
drying machine on the 65,000-acre plantation of the
Brown Company at Shawano on Hillsboro canal south of
Installing the machine to dry the peanuts, the vines
as well as the nuts were put through the drying process,
the vines were chopped and sacked and sacks of the
dried peanut hay were sent out for tests. The reports
are favorable in all aspects and a good market has been
ascertained to exist; the peanut hay is superior to alfalfa
and can be sold in competition to it. The green peanut
hay could have only a local market; for the hay dried and
sacked there is a wide market.
Harvesting of the first crop of peanuts on the Brown
Company plantation was finished early this week and
the drier was closed down until the balance of the crop
in the field matures, which will be in about ten days.
Pasturage and other cattle feed exists in the Ever-
glades the year round, but the lush conditions of the
grass in summer, the rainy season, makes it less fit; the
availability of sacked peanut hay overcomes the unsatis-
factory condition in summer and makes an ideal con-
Sweetened feed is largely used and a good deal is
shipped into South Florida. A combination of products
of the Southern Sugar Company and Brown Company is
thought of by many residents as a certain outcome, re-
sulting in the establishment of an important industry.
Guy Sharon of Pahokee, who has handled cattle on
the western ranges and in Florida, and Willard G. Smith,
with similar experience, foresee in the "black-strap" from
the sugar mills and the dried peanut hay from the Brown
Company plantation a complete answer to all of the
questions about cattle feed at all seasons in the Ever-
The value of peanut hay, its merits as a feed and the
practicability of its production and use is attested by
W. L. Brandon of Canal Point, who with his son, estab-
lished the peanut industry in the Marianna, Florida,
territory and where the Brandon mill and elevator is the
town's biggest plant and the community's best market.
Mr. Brandon says the peanut hulls are ground and sacked
there and are always saleable at a profitable price.
The peanut plantation at Shawano on Hillsboro canal
was established by Brown Company of Portland, Maine,
to get a supply of peanut oil for a cooking compound
it manufactures. 0. B. Brown, of Portland, Maine, vice-
president of the company, and his nephew, Simmons
Brown, visited Shawano a few weeks ago and expressed
entire satisfaction with the operation of the plantation
and the outlook for the future.
Potatoes, celery and other vegetable crops will be
grown at Shawano as usual. The seed for the vegetable
crops has arrived and seed beds have been made and
contract has been given for the fertilizer.
W. C. Lord, manager, has contrived a program of
planting and harvesting of peanuts and vegetables that
distributes the work over the entire year, with the peak
in the spring.
There is a serviceable rocked road to Shawano from
six-mile bridge on Belle Glade road, but use is made of
the canal for transportation of heavy freight. The com-
pany recently bought a light P. & H. dragline that is
taking rock from the canal for surfacing of the farm
A tentative plan of reclamation for the Brown drain-
age district has been made by the Wallis Engineering
Company and the execution of the plant awaits the
decisions of the Okeechobee flood control district and the
Everglades drainage district as to plans for the larger
PEANUTS AS FLORIDA CASH CROP
Marion county has attracted considerable attention in
the past few months by its successful campaign for en-
larged plantings of peanuts, resulting lately in arrange-
ments for erection of a storage warehouse to carry the
At the Shawano plantation, near Belle Glade, in the
Everglades, a large farm operated by the Brown Com-
pany, harvesting of the third crop of peanuts produced
has been under way lately, with results far beyond ex-
pectations, according to a news story in the Stuart
The present crop has averaged 1,590 pounds of nuts
to the acre, as compared with an average of 670 pounds
for the entire United States. It is believed that this
figure establishes a production record for the country.
In addition to the peanuts, hay averaging 3,000 pounds
of 18 per cent protein per acre has been taken off the
land. A large force oT white workers is employed and
all the operations are conducted under scientific super-
BIG GAIN SHOWN IN POULTRY PRODUCTS
(Haines City Herald)
The production of poultry products in Florida is in-
creasing twice as fast as the population of the state,
declared L. M. Rhodes, state marketing commissioner, in
a talk before the poultry section of Farmers' Week. The
state is now producing only about half of the poultry
products consumed, Mr. Rhodes said, so there is ample
room for expansion.
In the opening period for the poultry section, Mr.
Rhodes told of the increased facilities which his bureau
is now able to offer in marketing poultry products in
Florida. As a result of action of the last Legislature, a
poultry marketing specialist and a market news specialist
have recently been employed, and these men will devote
their time to helping to develop markets and give out
Under the present law, each group of growers con-
templating organization is required to confer with the
State Marketing Commissioner, who will make investiga-
tions as to the probable success of the organization, the
speaker said. The marketing bureau will give every
possible assistance to cooperative association, he added.
The aim of the marketing bureau is to build up a
system of carload sales in live poultry in Florida. For
this work the bureau has secured F. W. Risher, who for
the past few years has been doing this type of w rk in
North Carolina with remarkable success.
"Florida should produce its own milk," says Com-
missioner of Agriculture in an article in Florida Grower.
You would think so, wouldn't you?-St. Petersburg
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
ANOTHER ADDITION TO FLORIDA'S AGRI-
Florida agriculture gets another impetus through the
organization in Palatka of the Florida Dairy & Livestock
Company with a capital of $200,000.00. This concern
has acquired a tract of sixteen hundred acres of the old
camphor farm property at Satsuma, in Putnam county.
A first unit of five hundred acres will be planted, three
hundred in corn, peanuts and velvet beans, one hundred
acres in watermelons, to be followed by cow peas, and
one hundred acres in Jersey sweet potatoes. Dairy barns,
silos and equipment to care for fifty purebred milk cows
will be erected immediately. In addition the farm will
be stocked with one hundred purebred hogs and it is also
proposed to establish and operate a modern creamery
plant, handling milk not only from the farm but from
all the farms within delivery reach of the creamery.
One factor that is especially encouraging is the men
behind this project are Floridians of wide experience
who know Florida like a book. Therefore the invest-
ment must of necessity be based, not on theory and hope-
fulness, but on knowledge of Florida conditions.
CAREFULLY STACKING OF PEANUTS IS
The peanut crop is nearing time for harvest.
You have your land rent, fertilizer, seed and labor
invested in this crop. You will soon cash in on this in-
vestment. But will you? Peanuts poorly stacked are at
the mercy of the weather and soon damage. A rotten or
discolored peanut is of little value on the market. You
can not control the elements, but you can protect your
peanuts from bad weather. Prepare now to stack your
peanut crop carefully.
Here are ten suggestions on how to stack your peanuts
so as to secure the best quality of nuts under any weather
First-Secure a substantial stack pole, not a switch.
Second-Set this pole firmly in the ground, at least 18
inches, so that when it is loaded with peanuts wind and
storm can not blow it over.
Third-Nail substantial cross pieces on your pole not
closer to the ground than knee-high to a grown man.
Fourth-Have your poles uniform in length (about
eight feet) and spaced so that your stacks will be nearly
uniform in size both in the thick patches and thin.
Fifth-Shake the peanuts free of dirt. Dirt left on
the peanuts is the greatest cause of damage in the stack.
Sixth-Do not let the vines wilt before stacking. If
the peanut vine is free from moisture it will cure out
better hay and heavier peanuts if stacked green. And
besides it saves labor to let the hand that shakes the
peanut carry it to the stack.
Seventh-Have a careful hand to do the stacking and
see that the vines are placed around the pole uniformly
with the nuts to the pole. Tie the vines to the pole so
that when the stack settles the vines will not gap away
from poles, thus allowing water to run down into the
heart of the stack. This can be done by straddling
bunches of peanuts around the pole at right angles to
each other at intervals of about six inches as the stack
is built up.
Eighth-Press the peanuts down firmly around the
pole as they are stacked. This will prevent excessive
settling and consequent pulling apart of the stack as this
settling takes place.
Ninth-Try to have your stacks uniform both in
diameter and height with the vines covering the top of
the pole by about six inches if possible. This will keep
the top of the pole covered when settling takes place. If
it is not possible to cover the top of the pole, tie the
vines well around the pole at the top of the stack and
cap off with wisps of grass wound around the pole and
pressed firmly down onto the peanuts.
Tenth-If you hire the work done, be there yourself
to see that it is done right. The wages of a sorry hand
is the least cost to you in stacking peanuts.
If you will follow the suggestions set down here you
can be reasonably sure of curing out a good quality of
This method of stacking will probably cost you fifty
cents per acre more than the careless method. But you
would not bet $10 to 50c on the weather. Then stack
your peanuts carefully and save $9.50.
Organization of dairymen of Escambia county is in
line with the cooperative movement that is fast putting
West Florida in the forefront in production and mar-
Escambia county offers every opportunity for the rais-
ing of dairy cattle, and the fact that the dairymen them-
selves are organizing to put their business on a scientific
basis is evidence that they are in earnest.
Recognition that only from healthy cows can healthy
milk be obtained is a big step forward. The public may
laugh at advertising "contented cows," but the famous
slogan has something more than propaganda back of it.
Healthy cows are contented cows, and the better the
health the better the milk.
Escambia county has had a hard fight. The state,
county and individuals have spent much money in get-
ting rid of the cattle tick in this county. But the cattle
tick is eliminated, which means that now capital may
be invested in blooded dairy herds and that Escambia
county may become a center of livestock development.
Representatives from the State Marketing Bureau,
visiting this county a few days ago, offered to assist
in marketing livestock, poultry, eggs, and other county
Just now there is hardly enough good milk, cream
and butter for the local market, and the State of Florida
offers a fine field for dairy development.
There are a number of dairies in Pensacola that are
making money, with only a local market. Invariably it
is found that the best milk from the most sanitary
dairies brings the best prices. One of these dairies sells
its milk at fancy prices and never has enough milk,
butter or cream for its customers.
People are willing to pay a good price for the best.
Tubercular tests of cattle will mean healthier cows and
not only better things for the dairymen, but protection
for the public.
Organization of the dairymen of Escambia county is
the first step in a movement that should eventually make
Escambia county one of the best dairy sections of the
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
OPPORTUNITY FOR LARGE PROFIT IN
TUNG OIL TREES
Southern States Have a Chance to Produce Oil
Now Mostly Imported from China
The advisability of planting and raising tung oil trees
has often been mentioned in the columns of the Demo-
crat. The trees seem to flourish fully as well here as
they do in their native habitat-China-where practi-
cally all the oil comes from at the present time.
While there are no commercial plantings on a large
scale in this immediate section, Fred Green and others
have had success with the trees in this county and the
following article from the Mobile Register is herewith
reprinted, as it gives considerable information for those
who are interested in matching in Suwannee county the
work being done along this line in portions of the state
The Gulf coast of Mississippi has gone tung-minded.
"Chinese wood oil, while not discussed as frequently
or as vigorously as alcoholic liquor, is subject of office
conferences and curb-stone pow-wows.
"Several thousand people suddenly have found that
the tung-oil tree, a native of China, Japan and the isles
of the Pacific, grows lustily in the Gulf coastal region,
that the United States imports 100,000,000 pounds of
the oil from China every year, that 300,000 acres of
sandy loam, slightly acid and well drained, would be
necessary for production of a domestic supply of tung
oil, which is an essential ingredient of high grade spar
varnishes, and enamel paints in sufficient quantity to
shut the doors against China.
"At least five southern Mississippi counties and two
Louisiana parishes were reported this week as actively
interested in the propagation of tung oil trees. In Bald-
win county, Alabama, in the vicinity of Foley, Fairhope
and Robertsdale, are standing groups of tung-oil trees
from 12 to 14 years old, set out by farmers in hope of
finding a profitable side crop, but without thought of
important commercial development.
"Tung-oil nursery trees have been ordered from local
nurseries around Gulfport by planters in Jefferson parish,
southwest of New Orleans, and in St. Bernard parish, on
the east side of the Mississippi river.
"The Great Southern Lumber Company, at Bogalusa,
in Washington parish, Louisiana, has 2,000 acres planted
to tung-oil trees, set out in December, 1926.
"In Southern Mississippi, the two outstanding plant-
ings of tung-oil trees so far have been at Picayune, in
Pearl River county, where L. O. Crosby, millionaire lum-
berman, set out trees on 500 acres in December, 1927,
and at the newly-named settlement of Chinawood, in
Jackson county, eight miles north of Moss Point, where
the Southern Chinawood Oil Company, a Wisconsin cor-
poration, capitalized at $50,000, all of which was said
to be paid in, has devoted 1,600 acres to present and
future development of the tung-oil tree.
"Tung-oil trees on several thousand acres of land at
Gainesville, Fla., where commercial production of tung-
oil nuts was started as long ago as 1923, were grown
from tung-oil nuts sent by Mr. Wilson to the department
of agriculture at Washington, and thence to Dr. B. F.
Williamson at Gainesville.
"The tung-oil tree is a fast worker. One tree, planted
from seed at the W. W. Cox nursery at Landon, in April,
1927, is bearing fruit this summer, two years and four
months after the nut was placed in the ground.
"Tung-oil nuts grow in groups of three to seven in a
tough husk about the size of an apple. The oil is ex-
tracted in presses similar to those used in the manu-
facture of cotton-seed oil and peanut oil.
"In China, crude native processes generally have pro-
duced oil inferior to that pressed in American labora-
tories and at Gainesville, and adulteration has been an
important source of complaint.
"Commercial chemists and manufacturers of paints and
varnishes were said to be interested in Gulf coast growth
of the tung-oil tree, reported plans for which included a
large development north of Gulfport, presumably along
the line of the Gulf and Ship Island division of the
Illinois Central Railroad."
25 PER CENT INCREASE OF VISITORS SEEN
Accurate information furnished by transportation sys-
tems which handle passenger traffic into Miami may be
considered the safest and best on which to base a forecast
or prediction for the winter season.
The Herald has completed a survey which included
careful scrutiny of all information made available by
numerous sources, but which is based more on informa-
tion furnished by transportation systems than on other
data. This survey reveals the following facts:
Preparations of every transportation system that will
bring passengers into Miami this winter, coupled with
estimates based on those preparations, and with due re-
gard accorded conservative estimates as to the number
of private motor cars which will enter the city through-
out the season, indicate that for the 64 days between
November 1 and January 3 an average of 745 visitors
per day will enter Miami; that for the 43-day period be-
tween January 3 and February 15 an average of 4,360
visitors per day will arrive, and that for the 44-day period
between February 15 and April 1 an average of 405
visitors a day will come into the city. Thus it is esti-
mated that from November 1 to January 3 a total of
47,680 visitors will arrive, from January 3 to February
15 a total of 187,480, and from February 15 to April 1 a
total of 17,820, making a grand total of the season of
The estimates were based on conservative figures which
allowed for excess arrivals during any of the three
periods into which the transportation services divide their
preparations. This excess is overcome by those visitors
who remain only a short time. Thus the average of
visitors in Miami during the peak of the season is fore-
cast as in excess of 250,000 daily.
LARGEST TOMATO FARM ON TAMIAMI
(Vero Beach News-Journal)
On the opposite side of the road from the Janes-Gaunt
tomato farm on the Tamiami Trail in Collier county will
be located what is thought to be one of the largest tomato
farms in Florida. The Byrd Tomato Corporation has
already acquired a block of land a mile long and running
a mile and a quarter deep. West of this tract is another
350 acres which will be set to tomatoes, and west of the
Janes-Gaunt tract is a third block. The Byrd Corpora-
tion expects to have at least a thousand acres in culti-
vation this winter.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
CHINA WOOD OIL (TUNG OIL) USED FOR
WATERPROOF PAINTS AND
Some Four Hundred Growers of Tung Oil Trees
in Alachua County-Nut Crops in Florida
Numerous-Over Hundred and Sixty
Thousand Trees Bearing
(Lake Wales Highlander)
Tung oil (Chinawood oil) is the most important con-
stituent of waterproof paints and varnishes. This oil is
produced in China from the fruit of a tree which grows
wild throughout that country. No attempt is made to
cultivate the tree in China on a scientific basis. Of the
amount produced in China, the majority is used in the
United States, over twelve million gallons (100 million
pounds) being annually imported into this country. Occa-
sionally difficulty in obtaining the oil when required and
the consequent great increase in price due to speculative
movements, hindrances to shipping during war periods
in China, and other causes, have often created a nervous
market for the product.
There are some 400 growers of tung oil trees at present
in Alachua and adjoining counties. There are a few
additional farmers in every county in the state who are
experimenting with tung oil trees. As soon as the pro-
duction develops to a satisfactory commercial scale in
the various centers, oil extraction factories will be estab-
lished. Farmers will be paid cash for their nut crops
delivered at the factory. At this writing the market
price of tung oil is 16 cents a pound. Under such market
conditions the raw nuts are worth five cents a pound.
Figured in terms of dry fruit, this would make the fruit
worth $50 a ton and the meat of the nuts $100 a ton.
The nuts, which range from 2% to 3 inches in diameter,
fall during October and November and should be left on
the ground to dry and cure. Usually a few weeks suf-
fice. They can be picked up during the season when
other farm work is slack. They will be delivered to the
factory in bags, or loose in truck or wagon.
A slight acid soil which is moist and yet well-drained,
underlaid by a subsoil six to eight feet deep, has proved
best for tung oil tree growing. Flatwoods soil must be
drained adequately. Limestone soils are undesirable be-
cause these trees will not prosper under conditions of soil
The following is an approximate census of the trees
planted in groves in Florida:
1923 ....... ..... ... ...
1924 ............... ...
1925 ....... ........ ...
19 2 6 ... .. ........... .....
1927 ............... .....
......... 14,000 trees
.......... 39,000 trees
....... 102,000 trees
.......... 200,000 trees
......... 300,000 trees
Thirty thousand trees will be bearing the" first time
this fall, and in the fall of 1928 there will be over 160,000
bearing. The demand is so much greater than the supply
that if we were to plant many thousand acres each year
it would be a generation or two before we would catch
up with the demand.
Some people have questioned our ability to produce
the oil in competition with cheap Chinese labor. Julean
Arnold, the American Commercial representative at
Pekin, laughs at this idea. He says that Chinamen can
be employed at 15 cents per day, but one of our American
presses will do the work of 90 to 100 Chinamen. Trans-
portation in China, he states, is on human backs.
It will not be until Florida has increased tung oil
plantings more than 100 times that the new industry will
be satisfactorily intrenched to supply the tung oil needs
of the American continent. Florida now has one of the
most important opportunities which ever came south for
a visit, knocking at her door. The interest among farmers
and growers throughout Central Florida in tung oil pro-
duction and the close tab which they are keeping on de-
velopments around Gainesville and throughout Alachua
county demonstrate that this opportunity will not be
allowed to go begging. The research period has been
passed successfully. The era of profitable commercial-
ization is just beginning.
The tree has no enemies that we have been able to
discover that in any way affect it, either fungus or insect,
nor have we been able to find that there is anything in
China that affects the tree, either insect or fungus.
The area in which it will do best is in north central
Florida, though this area may be extended a little farther
north and a little farther south.
TUNG OIL SEEN AS BIG PRODUCT OF
Florida is destined to become, in the not far distant
future, an important oil producing state. This confident
prediction was made Saturday by an executive of the
second largest paint and varnish manufacturing establish-
ment in the country, R. D. Sullivan of New Orleans,
regional director of the Glidden Co. of Cleveland, and
vice-president and general manager of one of its sub-
sidiaries-the American Paint Works. Mr. Sullivan is
spending several days here as the guest of John Gaddis,
resident manager of the Miami branch of the Glidden
Co., 150 S. W. First street.
"I am not mistaken when I say Florida, within the next
few years, will produce much valuable oil," said Mr.
Sullivan. Mr. Sullivan went on to explain that he did
not have in mind the mineral oil that may or may not
lie beneath the surface of certain portions of the State,
but he meant a valuable vegetable product-tung oil,
used extensively in the manufacture of paints, varnishes,
enamels, linoleum and soaps.
"Tung oil is now shipped from China-$16,000,000
worth of it a year-and this product can be produced
profitably in Florida," said Mr. Sullivan. "I visited an
experimental grove near Gainesville and found the nut-
bearing trees, from which the tung oil is obtained,
flourishing. The quality of the Florida-produced tung
oil is superior to the product now imported from China.
It will not be long until the production of tung oil will
be an important industry in the state."
Mr. Sullivan has no patience with those incredulous
persons who make the mistake of "selling Miami short."
He said his company is planning to enlarge its branch in
Miami, now the headquarters of three traveling salesmen,
and to increase the scope of its growing business. Re-
cently the Glidden Company opened a new store at West
Palm Beach, regarded as one of the finest paint stores
in the south.
(The Commissioner of Agriculture will be glad to
furnish any who are interested in this important industry
a copy of the bulletin issued by this department on "Tung
Oil," upon request.-Editor.)
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
BIGGEST TOURIST SEASON IN HISTORY OF
More Reservations Than Ever Before, Hotel
Man Says After Tour
(Florida State News)
"Florida during the coming season will experience the
greatest tourist influx that it has ever had."
Harry E. Barlow, executive secretary of the Florida
State Hotel Association, returned to Jacksonville yes-
terday with that optimistic expression, developed, he said,
after a 4,000-mile motor tour of the peninsula, during
which he conferred with more than 200 hotel executives.
Mr. Barlow accompanied Ben Bostain, state hotel com-
missioner, as Mr. Bostain made his first official tour of
that part of the State.
"The tourist hotel men have received more bona fide
reservations than ever before at this time of the year, and
by bona fide reservations I mean those with checks tag-
ging along, most of them covering seasonal stays," Mr.
Barlow said. "Tourists are already beginning to come
into the State. The railway officials have advised me
that plans are under way for the improvement of service
into the State. And from all the information I have
gained I say without hesitation that, in my opinion, there
will be more tourists in Florida during the coming winter
season than heretofore."
Mr. Barlow saw in the visitations this summer the
possibilities of increased business from the southeast.
He said that along the East Coast he had seen more
tourists than usual from Georgia and Alabama.
"I was agreeably surprised by the feeling of optimism
that I struck among the hotel men of the state. They
seem to feel that Florida's tide of prosperity is turning."
In proof of that statement Mr. Barlow pointed out that
approximately $2,500,000 of new hotel construction, addi-
tions and remodeling are under way over the peninsular,
the West Coast as well as the East Coast.
As he found them, hotel conditions throughout the
State are generally normal.
Commissioner Bostain joined Mr. Barlow in all he said
and made one important announcement: That effective
with the close of the fiscal year, September 30, all funds
over and above the actual operating expenses of the
State Hotel Commission would be spent for advertising
purposes under the cooperation and direction of a com-
mittee of the Florida State Hotel Association. The
advertising, to put Florida's hotels and apartments to the
fore, would be carried in newspapers, periodicals and on
CREAM BRINGS $1,050 INTO COUNTY
(By George Pryor, in Okaloosa News-Journal)
The cream station at Crestview paid $2,336.13 to those
who patronized it during the period from November 1st,
1928, to August 9, 1929. The Baker cream station paid
$4,747.26 to its cream shippers during the period October
31, 1928, to August 9, 1929. The Laurel Hill cream sta-
tion distributed $444.66 to its shippers from June 27,
1929, to August 8, 1929, according to the representative
of The Producers Association, Inc., shippers.
This is an average of about $248.40 per month coming
to the Crestview shippers; $460 to the Baker shippers,
and $342 to the Laurel Hill cream shippers, an average
total of $1,050 for the months shipped in Okaloosa
county, and the business is just started. Three years
from now, with good cream producing cows, the cream
check money for the county should amount to enough
to help keep cream shippers in grocery money during
WEST FLORIDA RAISES SWINE
Gainesville.-Between three and four thousand hogs
are on feed for the early fall market in 10 West Florida
counties, reports J. Lee Smith, district extension agent.
The hogs are being fed out according to directions of the
county agents in the various counties.
The old practice in West Florida was to put the hogs in
the fields after the crops were harvested and allow the
hogs to pick up what they could get. Late in the fall or
during the winter the hogs were slaughtered and the sur-
plus was sold.
For the past few years intensive effort has been made
to get the farmers of this section to plant early matur-
ing crops which would furnish hog feed during the late
summer months, thus getting the hogs ready for the early
fall markets. The results of this work on the part of
the county agent is now bearing fruit, Mr. Smith states.
Jackson county is one of the largest hog-raising coun-
ties in West Florida. It is estimated that between 75 and
100 cars will be shipped cooperatively from this county
before the end of the season. The cooperative sales
method has been used in this county for the past few
years and has proven very satisfactory. Mr. Smith states
that every county in West Florida which has a county
agent will ship hogs cooperatively this fall for the early
It is expected that much assistance in the marketing of
the hogs this fall will be available from the State Market-
ing Bureau, since it has recently added a livestock mar-
keting specialist to its staff.
PAPAYA IS LAUDED AS PROFITABLE CROP
FOR FLORIDA LAND
(Ft. Myers Tropical News)
Stressing the papaya as one of the fruits of first im-
portance in economic value to Florida, Dr. J. Petersen,
noted agriculturist of Redland, told the Rotary club at
its luncheon meeting at the Franklin Arms yesterday
that a single acre of papayas could yield $24,000 in a
"Real prosperity here depends on the development of
our back country," Dr. Petersen said. "There is no
limit to the results we can achieve with proper cultiva-
Fifteen leading growers of Lee county were present
as guests of the club and examined a display of pre-
served tropical fruits, jams and jellies from Bonita
Groves, Dr. Petersen's famous farm. They were told
the cost of growing and preserving the fruit and a con-
servative sale price which showed an amazing profit.
"We live in a paradise here," the speaker said. "What
we need is cooperation and plenty of men who are not
afraid to blister their fingers with a hoe."
Following Dr. Petersen's talk Mrs. Nettie Pearl Battey,
pianist, accompanied Miss Montgomery of Jacksonville,
who sang "Indian Love Call" and "When My Dreams
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
WAKULLA BECOMING RECOGNIZED AS
GOOD CENTER FOR POULTRY
(Florida State News)
Sopchoppy.-Wakulla county is becoming recognized
as an ideal location for the poultry industry. Success
of the poultry farms now in operation has encouraged
others to take up the work, and within a few weeks about
100 new plants will be established, according to informa-
tion given out here by J. B. Stansbury.
Mr. Stansbury left this week for Baltimore and other
sections of the east, where he has gone to perfect plans
which will mean a great forward step for Wakulla county.
While details of plans have not been announced, it is
understood that at least 100 new poultry farms will be
established in the county. A poultry expert will be
employed to supervise the plants and direct their opera-
Upon the return of Mr. Stansbury from the east steps
will be taken immediately to establish these farms.
SOON TO HAVE PICKLE FACTORY AT
The plant of the Florida Packers Corporation was sold
the first of the week to several individuals of Mont-
gomery, and plans are being made to immediately start
work on renovating the plant, getting it in shape to con-
vert it into a pickle factory. This will mean much to
Chipley and the entire section, for the lands around here
are well adapted for the growing of pickle cucumbers.
This will bring into this section additional workers, and
consequently more pay roll.
The plant of the Florida Packers Corporation has been
used for several things in the past, all of which have
gone under for some reason. The last venture will no
doubt prove successful and will be a great building and
drawing card for this section.
Just when work is to start on getting the plant into
shape for the new factory is not yet known; however, it
is to be started within a short time, according to infor-
mation given out by the representatives of the parties
interested, who were in Chipley Monday.-Washington
MARIANNA TO HOLD GREAT SATSUMA
Marianna, Sept. 20.-The Satsuma Orange Festival
to be held in Marianna November 14th, 15th, and 16th,
has reached such enormous proportions that the asso-
ciation has decided to make it of importance to Georgia
and Alabama as well as Florida.
Advertising novelties for automobiles have begun to
arrive and the event is to be advertised in this manner
all through the south.
Although the work of soliciting exhibits will begin
October 1st, several counties have already organized not
only for exhibits but for floats, and a very large num-
ber of individual growers have written asking for space
in Exhibit Hall.
Mr. Charles O. Reiff, general director, says that while
last year's Satsuma Festival amazed many thousands that
this year's event will be fully ten times larger.
Many exposition shows have been contracted for and
also free acts and free fireworks. Letters received from
all parts of Florida indicate that there will be hundreds
of the State's most prominent citizens who will assemble
at Marianna on this occasion. Every county in the Sat-
suma growing area will be represented on a large scale
and the number of floats will form a parade longer than
any ever witnessed in north and west Florida.
WAY WRITES SERIES OF ARTICLES FOR
PAPER ON RABBITS
Man Who Is Raising Rabbits Successfully Gives
Pointers to Others
L. T. Way, of this city, who has gone into the rabbit
raising business on a commercial scale and found it
profitable, has consented to write a series of articles for
The Tribune, Mr. Way beginning in the last issue of this
paper. In the first installment Mr. Way prefaced his
remarks with a salutation, stating that the rabbit raising
business was a profitable business, but not a "get rich
scheme over night," and that there is good money to be
made from the fur and meat of rabbits grown in Florida.
His first article was entitled, "The Proper Housing of
Rabbits." Article number 2 appears in this issue of
The Tribune and is entitled, "Selection and Care of
Mr. Way has made a success of the rabbit business.
We know of no one here who is better qualified than he
to discuss the new business which is said to be on its
way toward making for Florida another industry which
will become so large in proportions that it will exceed
that of any other state, because of the wonderful natural
advantages to be enjoyed in this state by rabbit breeders.
The editor hopes Mr. Way's articles will be the means of
interesting others in the raising of rabbits here, thus
creating another industry for this particular section.
IMPROVEMENTS AT DUCK FARM
(Citrus County Chronicle)
Morgan Rundell, owner of Sunnyland Duck Farms, is
spending some more good money in making extensive im-
provements to his ever-growing establishment. Several
new buildings for dressing ducks, and new brood houses
are under construction, and many other improvements
are underway. Mr. Rundell is showing his faith in this
section by spending thousands of dollars in this venture
and he is already realizing good returns on his early
Starting with a few ducks, Mr. Rundell has gradually,
by hard work, and good business acumen, built up a very
prosperous business, and is now furnishing dressed ducks
to the several big meat packing companies in the country,
which leave here every day by express in specially con-
structed refrigerators for the various markets.
A large number of employees is required to operate
this plant, and Mr. Rundell is doing what many others
could do if the proper amount of work and judgment
were applied. The plant will be able, with the improve-
ments being made, to ship more than a thousand dressed
ducks a week, and aside from the good prices brought
by the ducks, Mr. Rundell is realizing good returns on
the by-products, principally feathers.
It is a cinch that weeds and grass will take charge of
any garden not cultivated.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
STRING BEANS RELEASED FROM FRUIT
String beans are released from regulation under the
Mediterranean fruit fly quarantine by administrative in-
structions issued August 12 by C. L. Marlatt, Chief of
the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration, and
approved by the Secretary of Agriculture. Doctor
Marlatt explained that this relaxation of restrictions was
possible "in view of the absence of any record of Medi-
terranean fruit fly infestation in string beans, ana the
failure, thus far, to force infestation experimentally."
Restrictions are retained which affect lima beans and
broad (flava) beans. "No restrictions will, until further
notice, be enforced under this quarantine with respect to
string beans, cowpeas, or any kind of beans other than
lima or broad beans, either as to interstate movement or
as to the planting, growing, or maintenance of such beans
in infested or protective zones or elsewhere," the admin-
istrative instruction specified. The removal of the re-
striction became effective as soon as the order was
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Plant Quarantine and Control Administration
Washington, D. C.
ADMINISTRATIVE INSTRUCTIONS-REMOVAL OF
RESTRICTIONS ON STRING BEANS
(Approved August 12, 1929; Effective August, 12, 1929)
Pending later amendment of the Mediterranean fruit
fly quarantine (Notice of Quarantine No. 68), the fol-
lowing administrative instructions are issued:
In view of the absence of any record of Mediterranean
fruit fly infestation in string beans, or in any kinds of
beans other than lima and broad beans, and the failure
thus far to force infestation therein experimentally, the
Mediterranean fruit fly regulations are amended by sub-
stituting the words "lima and broad (flava) beans" in
place of the words "beans of all kinds (except cowpeas)"
where the latter term occurs in paragraph (h) of Regu-
lation 1 and paragraph 1 of Regulation 5, as amended.
No restrictions will, until further notice, be enforced
under this quarantine with respect to string beans, cow-
peas or any kinds of beans other than lima or broad
beans, either as to interstate movement or the planting,
growing or maintenance of such beans in infested or
protective zones or elsewhere.
C. L. MARLATT,
Chief, Plant Quarantine and Control Administration.
Approved: Arthur M. Hyde, Secretary of Agriculture.
MANDIS DAIRY ADDS TWENTY-SIX COWS
FOR SEBRING TRADE
Demo Mandis, Avon Park and Sebring dairyman, today
announced successful government tests of his cattle in
two states, Georgia and Florida.
With the opening of the Sebring branch the Mandis
Dairy has recently added 26 cows to its herd. This addi-
tion to the dairy's already large herd of blooded cattle
brings the Avon Park establishment to one of the largest
in the ridge section.
The Mandis herd is under the inspection of federal
officers and all tests made show the milk to be tubercu-
losis free. B. J. Tripp is the local agent and will open
a depot soon.
PINEAPPLE INDUSTRY TO BE REJUVE-
(Palm Beach Post)
Fort Pierce.-Certain that an available supply of pine-
apple slips has been located in Porto Rico, County Agri-
cultural Agent Alfred Warren has called a meeting of
pineapple growers and prospective growers to be held
at the city hall Tuesday night at 7:30 o'clock. At this
time an order will be made up for a supply of slips for
use in the proposed rejuvenation of the pineapple in-
dustry in St. Lucie county.
All the red Spanish slips that are likely to be re-
quired for this year's planting here have been located
in Porto Rico and may be obtained at a reasonable
price, with shipment in time for planting next month, the
county agent said.
A movement was launched some weeks ago for re-
juvenation of the once extensive pineapple industry in
this section, but until a few days ago it appeared that
the movement would be materially handicapped by the
lack of "slips" for planting. With the location of an
ample supply in Porto Rico, it is expected that an order
for a sufficient number to plant a considerable acreage
will be placed at once.
THE RABBIT EYE
In hotels and private families, chefs and housewives of
Chicago, St. Louis, Miami, and many other cities, have
been making pies this summer from West Florida blue-
berries. Fifteen carloads of berries moved from Crest-
view to northern markets, and many package shipments
have been made to all parts of the country, including
This meant thousands of dollars in the pockets of West
Florida growers, and all because thirty years ago a "dirt
farmer" had the good sense to let his head save his heels,
and planted wild blueberries on his farm.
The blueberry industry proves what work and brains
can do in the development of West Florida's back
The Rabbit Eye Blueberries have always grown in pro-
fusion in West Florida, but it took one man to use his
head and bring about what is fast becoming one of the
big money crops of Florida.
The Rabbit Eye Blueberry is one of the finest varieties,
and each year finds an increasing acreage in this sec-
tion. The Sapp Farms at Crestview were pioneers, and
these blueberry orchards are among the best, but there
are many growers now who are making blueberry cul-
Fifteen carloads of berries at 30 and 35 cents per
quart means good money, and as the market is never sup-
plied, the possibilities are almost unlimited.
SPONGE SALES NET $33,000 AT TARPON
(Clearwater Sun and Herald)
Yesterday's sales in the Tarpon Springs sponge market
netted $32,000 to spongers, it was learned here today.
It is expected that approximately $300,000 will be
realized in Tarpon from the industry this season, which
is said to be one of the best seasons in history. Better
prices are being obtained for sponges generally.
The next sales will be held Friday at the Tarpon
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
CAMP MINING COMPANY OPENED TUES-
(Citrus County Chronicle)
Tuesday morning the large mine of the Camp Con-
crete Rock Company, about three miles east of Brooks-
ville, opened up after a shut down of several months. It
is stated that a large force of workmen have been placed
on the grounds and that the plant will be in operation for
several months to come with the hopes that business will
justify its continuance.
Only recently did the company receive an order for
a large number of cars of concrete rock for road pav-
ing material and it is for this purpose that the plant
was again placed in operation. The orders now on hand
will be filled promptly, several weeks being taken how-
ever, to fill the same.
The material now being mined by the company is for
use in other counties south of Hernando, where con-
crete roads are being built, replacing the old type of
slag and rock.
The present order, it is understood, is for something
over 1,000 cars.
RABBIT BREEDERS ENJOY LUNCHEON AT
By far the best meeting since its organization was that
of the Manatee County Rabbit Breeders Association held
at the municipal pier last evening. About 60 members
and others interested in the rabbit industry were present.
After a short business session at which some routine
matters were disposed of, the refreshment committee
announced that the buffet luncheon was ready. Rabbit
meat, prepared in different palatable ways was the piece
de resistance, of course. Generous portions of salad,
home-made cake and other good things completed a most
satisfying menu. A rising vote of thanks was tendered
E. H. Swofford, Mrs. A. A. Kemmer and Mrs. M. B.
Ecklin, who comprised the committee having charge of
this part of the evening's program.
Following the luncheon, President C. Hildebrand in-
troduced Y. Burdell of St. Petersburg, president of the
Pinellas County Rabbit Breeders Association. Mr. Bur-
dell described the methods under which his association
has functioned so successfully for a year or more. Be-
ginning with 14 members, the organization now has 70
senior and 12 junior members.
Marketing the rabbit meat profitably was the main
problem that confronted them at first. The cooperative
spirit soon prevailed among the members, and it was
agreed that no one would accept any but fixed prices
agreed upon by all the members. These prices governed
sales of dressed and meat on foot. A rule was adopted
which provided that if any member sold his meat for less
than the fixed price, he was subject to suspension. To
date no one has violated this rule. This accounts for the
success of the association.
Prevailing prices in St. Petersburg for rabbit meat are
45 cents per pound wholesale, and 55 cents retail. Prices
for meat on foot vary from 20 to 25 cents per pound. All
the slaughtering and marketing is done by two men who
have full charge of this work. Stability in demand and
prices is maintained largely by the association's guar-
antee of the quality of the dressed meat put on the
market. Any complaints are fully investigated and if
objections are just, they are rectified at once. This in-
creases the confidence of the public in the quality of the
Mr. Burdell urged the Manatee county organization to
adopt cooperative methods similar to those used in
Pinellas county, alleging that no other course of action
will result in success.
Dr. C. W. Larrabee and others joined in the general
discussion which followed Mr. Burdell's address. Another
feature adding to the pleasure of the evening was music
provided by a radio from the Harris Music Shop.
Winter Haven rabbit men are doing some jumping
themselves these days preparing to organize an associa-
tion to make bunny culture a profitable thing-Winter
FLORIDA LEADS ALL STATES IN PRODUC-
TION OF EIGHT KINDS OF FRUITS
(St. Cloud Tribune)
Florida leads every other state in the Union in the
production of eight fruits and vegetables, according to a
new resource map of Florida just published by Nathan
Mayo, commissioner of the state department of agricul-
ture. The statistics included with the map cover the
years of 1924, 1925 and 1926, and show Florida's output
of 16 products as compared with other states.
This state ranked first in the raising of grapefruit,
tomatoes, string beans, mixed citrus fruit, celery, cucum-
bers, eggplants and peppers. Florida's rating in the
other products follows: Oranges and watermelons,
second; cabbages, lettuce and early white potatoes, fifth;
mixed vegetables, sixth; strawberries, ninth, and sweet
The Cross City News says Dixie county holds the
honor of having the only goat industry in Florida. Per-
haps the News is a little over-enthusiastic, for there are
hundreds of farmers in Florida who raise goats, but the
News is no doubt correct in stating that the Dixie county
goat farm is the largest in the State. The farm is located
on the Dixie Highway about two miles from the Putnam
Lumber Company's plant. The necessary land for the
industry has been fenced, the goat barns have been built
and all minor details have been completed. It is stated
that a large warehouse will be built to store the fertilizer,
which will be shipped to all parts of the country. The
farm is owned by Capt. L. A. Scott, of Mobile, and he
expects to have over 5,000 goats on the farm as a starter.
This number will be increased to more than 10,000 later,
the News says. It is the aim of Captain Scott to eventu-
ally have his farm stocked with between forty and fifty
thousand of the animals, which will then comprise the
largest goat ranch in the south. This is a new industry
for that section of Florida, and when everything is in
readiness employment will be given to nearly a hundred
people. Goat fertilizer, it is claimed, is the best in the
world for all vegetables and fruits. At present the
United States secures most of this product from South
America at enormous expense. In addition to the fer-
tilizer, young goats are sold for eating, the meat being
very delicate and sweet, it is claimed. But for the fer-
tilizer alone a goat farm will pay handsome profits, the
News claims.-Florida Times-Union.