U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY \,
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGLICIuLTURE
AUGUST 19, 1929
Where Do You Live? ..
Most Important Farm Legislation Ever Enacted.. ..
Relief for Organized Farmers Only ............... ......
Statistical Digest of Florida ..............
One of Florida's Greatest Potentialities Awaiting Energy
Florida Leads South in Per Capita Income .. ... ..............
Building Winter Homes in the South ..........
A Flying Boat Service, Norfolk to Miami.... .. ..............
Plans Complete for New Homes at Miami Beach .. .. ................
Twenty Sarasota Homes Change Hands ........... ......
Takes Over Hotel ............ ...... .
Florida Fruit Juices W ill Be Sold in Egypt.. ............................
Florida Getting Summer Tourists ............... .................
Tampa Bay Fish Sent to Aquarium ................ ...................
40,000,000 Fish Represent Catch of Three Months ..................
Big M oney in Onion Crop .................. ............... ................
Growers Discussed Onion Culture at a Meeting Held Today........
State to H elp M market Florida Crops ................................................
Miami Selects Site for Its New Sports Stadium ..................
Rules and Regulations Fourth Egg Contest Being Distributed ...
Bright Leaf Tobacco Market Opened Tuesday .............................
Iullman Company Builds New Laundry in Miami ..
First Bale of Cotton Was Ginned at Milton Monday ............
High Production Hen Bred at the University Poultry Farm....
Gladioli To Be Grown Commercially ... ........ ......... .....
Builder Plans Residences for His Northern Clients .........
F iske V isits State... ........................ ...........
New Steamship Lines Planned.. ............ ..... ....... ... .. ....... 11
Seeks to Develop Kaolin Property in Florida ........... ..... 11
Plans Residence .. .................. .. .......... .... ........... .... 11
Grape Growers Well Pleased with Year's Crop...................... 12
Tampa Harbor Is Port of Call for 58 Lines..... ..................... 12
German Market for Florida Honey........ ......... ...... ..... 12
Leesburg Building and Loan Association Pays Nice Dividend .... 12
Paper on Vetch and Austrian Peas Published... ................... 12
Lumber Company Gets Mahogany from Cuba....... .................... 12
Florida Eggs Bringing High Prices ....... ......... .......... .. ........ 13
Early Hogs Soon To Be on the Market, Says County Agent...... 13
Palm Beach Has Building Gain...... .. ............. .. ............ 13
DeSoto Farmers Plan Big Cucumber Arore.Le 13
Poultrymen Seek Larger Markets by C'.r Slhli,,.li 14
Lake Towns Feel House Shortage ...... ............. .. ................. 14
Circus Chooses W inter Quarters .. .... ........... .... ................. 14
Specialists in Bulbs Pleased with Findings ................................. 14
First U. S. Citron Grove at Homestead.. ............ .................... 14
Tobacco Growers Get Good Prices at Live Oak Sale ......... ........ 15
Earlier Cotton Is Bringing Forth Good Prices............ .............. 15
First Bale of 1929 Cotton........ ... ..... .......... ....... ................ 15
House Ships 250 Crates of Avocados This Week .... .................... 15
Big Jersey Sweet Potatoes Produce Excellent Crop.... ............... 15
Modern Poultry Plant for Production of Friers and Broilers ..... 16
Tons of Catfish in Polk Lakes Being Shipped.............. ................ 16
Poultry Booklet Issued by County..................... ....................... 16
P ears Shipped ............... ............................ ...... ..... .. ................ 16
WHERE DO YOU LIVE?
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
O LONGER is it required that men live
in the midst of the industries which they
own. This situation comes from two
1. Ownership by shareholders. Barring a
few exceptions, the great industries are carried
on by corporations. These are owned by stock-
holders. Some corporations have the stockhold-
ers to elect their managers; some elect a board
which in turn appoints managers and employes.
The stockholders usually are allowed to give
proxies so as to not be compelled to attend the
meetings of the stockholders. By this method
the owners do not have to live anywhere near
the place of business. So generally has this
means of investing been practiced that every
fourteenth person in the United States is the
owner of corporation stock.
Therefore it matters not where you live in so
far as your investments in corporate property
are concerned. It matters very materially where
you live if the corporation is in the hands of in-
competent or dishonest managers. The point is
that individual ownership and direction of large
business is not necessary.
2. Ofttimes the principal owner of a big
corporation does not live at or near his plant.
Modern means of transportation and communi-
cation enable one to be in close touch with a
factory or other plant and reside hundreds and
thousands of miles away and still direct the
affairs of the concern. Where you live is of
little concern so long as you are in touch with a
telephone, a telegraph, a radio, an air mail
service. Men like Henry Ford, Harvey Fire-
stone, Thomas A. Edison, Edward Bok, Cyrus
Curtis and scores of other heads of great busi-
ness organizations can direct their affairs, which
ramify the whole world, from an office in Flor-
ida as well as from any other place-they do it.
Men who have retired from active business,
like John D. Rockefeller and scores of others,
come here as a pleasant place to live. Thou-
sands of men and women prefer to spend the
later years of their lives in Florida to any other
place-all things considered.
Come to Florida, the Residential Capital of
the World. More captains of industry live in
Florida in proportion to population than in any
other country. More of them will come and
make it their permanent home as the years
come and go.
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
MOST IMPORTANT FARM LEGISLATION
(By Senator Arthur Capper, of Kansas, in New York
Agricultural Marketing Act, this being the official title
of the farm-relief bill just enacted by Congress and
signed by President Hoover, is the first real step toward
the rehabilitation of agriculture in these United States.
I believe it is the most important piece of farm legislation
ever enacted in this or any other country.
It is intended to be for agriculture what the Federal
Reserve act is for commerce, what the transportation
act is for the railroads, what the protective tariff is for
manufacturing and labor.
The key to the program outlined in the bill is co-
operative marketing of farm products, including sur-
pluses, by large enough units to stabilize the market and
to dominate it within reasonable limits.
Opening Up a National Program
The co-operative marketing program in this measure
will require organization by the farmers themselves in
the merchandising field; organized selling in the long run
is the farmer's salvation. Government financial backing
of this plan, backed, as I believe it will be with every
power the Federal Government can throw into the effort,
is to give agriculture its equal opportunity with other
The debenture idea is eliminated, and, I think, wisely.
The bill does not provide crutches for the farmer; it un-
dertakes to give him strength to walk alone.
It is not a perfect bill. It will not work miracles. It
is not as strong in some respects as some of us had hoped
it would be, and as we tried to make it.
But it is sound. It is constructive. In my judgment,
it will work. It is a fundamental measure, to which later
amendments undoubtedly will be necessary. But as a
fundamental measure it will pave the way for the
national program that is to make it possible for the
farmers themselves to place agriculture on an economic
equality with the other major industries of the country.
There are two main features in the bill. The first is
the declaration of policy. The second is the mechanism
provided to make that policy effective.
Means for Economic Equality
The declaration of policy in the measure is all-
important. It recognizes and declares that one of the
functions of the government is to "promote the effective
merchandising of agricultural commodities to interstate
and foreign commerce, so that the industry of agriculture
will be placed on a basis of economic equality with other
The measure proposes to establish this economic
equality in four ways, specified in the following language:
1. By minimizing speculation.
2. By preventing inefficient and wasteful methods of
3. By encouraging the organization of producers into
effective associations or corporations under their own
control for greater unity of effort in marketing and by
promoting the establishment and financing of a farm
marketing system of producer-owned and producer-con-
trolled cooperative associations and other agencies.
4. By aiding in preventing and controlling surpluses in
any agricultural commodity, through orderly production
and distribution so as to maintain advantageous domestic
markets and prevent such surpluses from causing undue
and excessive fluctuations or depressions in prices for the
Surplus Control Machinery
Of great importance to wheat and cotton is the defini-
tion of a surplus, contained also in the declaration of
"There shall be considered as a surplus, for the pur-
pose of this act, any seasonal or year's total surplus
produced in the United States and either local or
national in extent, that is in excess of the requirements
for the orderly distribution for the agricultural com-
modity or is in excess of the domestic requirements for
To carry out the declaration of policy laid down, the
act goes ahead and provides the mechanism. Agriculture
is to be placed on a basis of economic equality-farming
is to be made to pay so far as that is possible through
government aid-by using the following agencies:
1. A Federal Farm Board, with broad supervisory and
regulatory powers, but with no power to initiate action.
2. Advisory commodity committees, with no regu-
latory powers, but which must initiate the move to place
the machinery in operation to extend government aid to
3. Stabilization corporations to act as marketing
agencies for cooperatives and as central sales agencies
for the commodity.
Reliance Upon Farm Board
The success of the entire program rests largely with
the Federal Farm Board consisting of the secretary of
agriculture and eight members appointed by the presi-
I have great faith in the president. Mr. Hoover has
shown a sympathetic interest in farm relief. The prin-
cipal provisions of this act are in line with his ideas. I
expect to see him give close attention to the program
to be administered by men experienced in marketing
who will constitute the board.
The advisory commodity committee for each com-
modity designated by the board as coming under the
provisions of the act will consist of seven members named
by the cooperatives handling that commodity, on invita-
tion of the board. At least two of the seven shall be
handlers or processors.
For instance, the cooperative wheat marketing asso-
ciations, under rules prescribed by the board, will be
asked to name an advisory committee. Five of these can
be wheat growers, or members of cooperatives, at the
will of the cooperatives naming the committee, but two
of them must be processors or handlers, say, one miller
and one grain dealer.
How the Various Bodies Will Work
The declaration of policy, in the long run, is the heart
of the bill, just as the Farm Board is the head, the
cooperatives the backbone and the stabilization corpora-
tions the arms and legs, and the advisory committees
the tongue of the mechanism created.
When the advisory commodity committee finds it
necessary, to carry out the purposes of the act as defined
in the declaration of policy, it will ask the board to
recognize a stabilization corporation (the selling agency)
which the cooperatives must incorporate. Membership
in the stabilization corporation is limited to the coopera-
tive marketing associations of that commodity.
The advisory committees also will advise with and
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO ....... .... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS..... .... Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
AUGUST 19, 1929
cooperate with the Federal Farm Board in handling
There also is provision for clearing house associations
in which all directly interested in the producing and
marketing of a commodity may be represented. These
clearing houses are really to talk things over and make
suggestions and assist in solving problems that arise
although their purpose is not stated in just that language
in the act.
There you have the general outline of the agricultural
policy and the instruments which are to put it into effect.
Utilizing the Revolving Fund
The revolving fund of $500,000,000 is placed at the
disposal of the Farm Board. But except for its own ad-
ministrative expenses, for which a separate fund is pro-
vided, the Federal Farm Board cannot spend any of this
The revolving fund is available for only one purpose-
to be loaned. The board can lend money to the stabiliza-
tion corporations. It can lend money to cooperative
Success or failure of the experiment in farm relief
probably will hinge largely on whether or not the stabili-
zation corporations function. The act checks it to the
farm cooperatives to make the stabilization corporations
The Federal Farm Board will extend loans and advice
and make rules and regulations for the stabilization cor-
porations, but neither the board nor the government
assumes any responsibility for their operations. They
are not government instrumentalities. The government
lends them money but does not take stock in them.
The stabilization corporations are to be owned and
operated-under supervision-by the cooperatives. These
will own the stock, name their own managers and run
Financing Surplus Operations
The senate amendment making a clear distinction be-
tween ordinary marketing operations and surplus mar-
keting operations was retained in the bill. It provides
for two merchandising reserves being set up by stabiliza-
Loans from the government for financing surplus
operations are a lien against the surplus reserves only;
not against the merchandising reserves the corporation
may accumulate through ordinary marketing transactions.
Hence, if the wheat corporation, for instance, handles
a surplus crop at a loss, that loss falls on the revolving
fund, not on the merchandising reserves of the corpora-
If the loss fell on the merchandising reserve, then the
cooperatives holding stock in the stabilization corporation
would have to take the loss-and one bad year might ruin
Method for Handling Wheat
Briefly, here is the way the bill proposes to handle
wheat, for example. The board will ask the wheat
cooperatives to name an advisory committee of seven,
under regulations to be made by the board. This com-
mittee will advise the organization by the cooperatives
and recognition by the board of a wheat stabilization
This stabilization corporation will be a central sales
agency for handling wheat. It can market for its mem-
bers. It can buy wheat from members or non-members.
It will borrow money-perhaps a $100,000,000 or so-
from the revolving fund.
It can construct or lease elevators, sell or hold or
otherwise dispose of wheat.
It is expected to announce its intention of buying a
large amount of wheat. If that announcement does not
bring the domestic market up to a reasonable figure, it
will buy wheat. It can either market it at home or
abroad. If it sells abroad at a loss, that loss will come
back on the revolving fund.
The Federal Board will retain power to force the sale
of the corporation's wheat on the domestic market if a
corner that "unduly enhances the prices to the distress
of the consumers" is attempted.
The act promises to help agriculture; promises to be
of still more help as weak places may be discovered. It
is a start in the right direction, but it must be borne in
mind it also is an experiment that depends on coopera-
tion to succeed.
RELIEF FOR ORGANIZED FARMERS ONLY
(Progressive Farmer, July 20, 1929)
The new Federal Farm Board authorized by Congress
and named by President Hoover begins its services to
American agriculture this week. July 15 was the organi-
zation date and the new chairman is Alexander Legge,
who resigned a $100,000-a-year job as president of the
International Harvester Company in order to serve for
one year (at $12,000) as chairman of the new board.
At the end of one year he will be superseded as chair-
man by the present vice-chairman, Mr. J. C. Stone, of
Kentucky, formerly manager of the Burley Tobacco
Growers Cooperative Association. Other outstanding
representatives of cooperative marketing are on the
board, including Mr. C. B. Denman, president of the
National Livestock Producers' Association, handling
$150,000,000 of business annually.
How momentous-or otherwise-this July 15 date will
prove in the history of American agriculture is for the
future to determine.
Of one thing everybody should be fully advised in the
outset and that is this: It is up to the farmers them-
selves to organize if they are to get the services of the
board and its half-billion-dollar "revolving fund." The
board is not going around trying to help folks who won't
help themselves. On the contrary, the act specifically
mentions in most cases that help must be extended
through cooperative marketing associations. In other
words, wherever farmers have enterprise, courage, and
Christian grace enough to pull together, and stick to-
gether regardless of occasional mistakes or failures, the
Federal Farm Board will do its level best to help. But
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
its general attitude may be that which President Roose-
velt said the nation should take toward the negro: "Help
him if he stumbles, but if he lies down, let him stay."
God helps those who help themselves. As we said last
week: "Relief will not be handed to the farmers as a
result of the new legislation, but through the new legis-
lation plus effective organization, farmers may be able
to achieve a large measure of relief for themselves." Any
other interpretation of the new so-called "farm relief"
legislation will be disastrous. It is really only an "Agri-
cultural Marketing Act" as the title specifies, and
farmers must cooperate if they are to get its benefits. As
Mr. Charles S. Barrett said in The Progressive Farmer
with reference to farm relief legislation:
"Farmers already organized and served by their own
cooperative institutions will be able to reap immediate
benefits. Those who have neglected themselves and their
industry will be out of luck until they can organize and
set themselves in order to deserve and use the service
that has been provided for them under proper safe-
The right thing for farmers to do is not to assume
that Congress and the President have at last solved the
farm problem, but to realize that the government of the
United States has now committed itself as never before
to a policy of fostering, promoting, and strengthening
agricultural cooperation, and it is up to farmers to take
advantage of the new situation. A crusade for agricul-
tural cooperation ought to be carried on in America much
as Sir Horace Plunkett has carried on in Ireland, and
as others have done in Denmark, Germany and Russia.
And speaking of Russia reminds us that our American
farmers are accustomed to think themselves much more
enlightened and progressive than Russian farmers, and
so we are in matters of production. But in matters of
marketing, the Russians have us beaten a thousand ways.
A publication just issued by the Horace Plunkett Foun-
dation tells us:
"Agricultural cooperation among the Russian peasants
has grown with amazing rapidity, until there now exists
a powerful organization, embracing within its scope a
very large proportion of the whole agricultural produc-
tion of the country. Before the war there were 22,000
individual cooperative societies. Now there are 100,000,
and fully half of all the peasant households in Russia
are associated in one way or another with the move-
ment. Alike on the side of production and sale; the sup-
plying of manufactured goods, which the peasants re-
quire for their productive activities; and the organization
of agricultural credit, a high degree of success has been
attained. The movement has agencies in Berlin, London,
New York, Paris, and Riga, and its imports of agricul-
tural machinery, etc., increased more than eight times in
five years and amounted to nearly half of the total im-
ports into Russia .. ."
If the American farmer is to maintain his rank and
dignity, he must make himself master of his own in-
dustry. He must realize that in an age of ever increas-
ing consolidation, mergers, and combinations of industrial
enterprises, there is no hope for the farmer fighting
singlehanded. Only cooperation can save agriculture.
And what has been done in Ireland, Denmark, and Russia
must be an example for us.
When we say that the farmer must make himself
master of his own industry, we mean that he must not
merely be a producer of crops, but through organization
he must take charge of the business side of his occu-
pation. He must realize the truth of what George H.
Stevenson has so well said:
"The tendency of civilization is to make of the farmer
a producer of raw materials solely, with the manufactur-
ing and distributing entirely in hands of highly organ-
ized, but not necessarily efficient, urban centers. No
nation can long survive solely on a basis of production
of raw materials, leaving in other hands the marketing
of the materials in their raw state, as well as the manu-
facturing and final distribution to the ultimate consumer.
It is the history of both nations and industries following
this course, that the producer of the raw material be-
comes steadily poorer, while the distributor and manu-
facturer becomes richer and more powerful."
We repeat that it will be disastrous if farmers assume
that the new Agricultural Marketing Act and the new
Federal Farm Board are going to solve the farmer's
problems for him. They are only an agency through
which, to a considerable extent, he can work out his own
business salvation. But to effect this result a great
structure of agricultural cooperation must be built up by
the farmers themselves. Every farmer should be a mem-
ber of some farmers' organization and market his
products through some cooperative marketing associa-
STATISTICAL DIGEST OF FLORIDA
(Florida Commercial, July 19, 1929)
Comparative prosperity, that is to say, the population
of "Easy Street" in Florida and other states of the south,
is shown in an exhaustive statistical digest received from
a New York concern which supplies mailing lists to
various lines of business. This agency makes it a part
of its business to obtain direct and authentic informa-
tion regarding the incomes and the financial standing of
citizens and it classifies these by states and cities.
The Tampa Tribune in an editorial declares that a
study of these figures shows conclusively that neither
Florida as a whole or Tampa as a unit is broke. The
Tribune republishes some very interesting figures re-
garding both the state and the city of Tampa.
According to the digest, Florida has 21,572 residents
who are worth from $5,000 to $50,000 in which it is
fourth in rank among the states of the south. It has
7,432 residents worth $50,000 and over in which this
state exceeds twenty-five others in this class. It has
4,598 residents worth between $50,000 and $100,000;
2,834 worth $100,000 and over; 707 worth $250,000 and
over, in this class being exceeded only by Texas in the
south; 206 worth $500,000 and over and 116 worth a
million or over.
Florida has 665 women worth more than $50,000;
276 women worth more than $100,000; 3,195 wealthy
rural residents; 683 industrial concerns worth $50,000
Classification of income tax payers shows Florida to
greater advantage. In fact this state stands tenth in the
United States in this particular, exceeded only by Cali-
fornia, Illinois, Massauchusetts, Michigan, New Jersey,
New York, Ohio, Rhode Island and Texas.
All of these figures lead the Tribune to remark "That
Florida is by no means the poverty-stricken, financially
embarrassed, utterly 'broke' state that some of its
enemies declare it to be. There's money in Florida and
in Tampa-and more coming."
ONE OF FLORIDA'S GREATEST POTEN-
TIALITIES AWAITING ENERGY AND
(Manufacturers Record, June 6, 1929)
Florida's matchless climate has for years been draw-
ing an increasing number of people of wealth to build
winter homes in that State. This is one feature of
Florida's development which ought to be far more aggres-
sively pressed upon the country's attention than has ever
Recently the Manufacturers Record mentioned the fact
that James Laughlin III, a member of the great iron
and steel corporation of Jones & Laughlin, of Pittsburgh,
and Henry C. Rowe, of Westerly, R. I., for years a resi-
dent of Daytona Beach, are building splendid winter
homes in that section, and that R. E. Olds, the creator
of the Reo automobile and motor truck, is greatly en-
larging his residence at Daytona Beach which he has
occupied for many years. Other important business men
are also building there.
Similar conditions exist in other parts of the State. In
the central part, the Highland region, and on the West
Coast other men of national prominence own splendid
winter homes and numbers of others are building.
It well behooves every town in Florida, which has
great advantages for winter homes for people of wealth
and position, to carry on a vigorous campaign to interest
men of affairs from all parts of the country in building
their winter residences in Florida. The State itself
might well take part in such a campaign. Every com-
mercial organization in Florida should be active in this
work. The State Chamber of Commerce should take up
similar work and the railroads entering Florida could
well afford to make this an outstanding feature of their
It is not enough simply tq bring tourists to spend a
few weeks or a few months in the State. In its climatic
and other natural advantages Florida has an asset which
can only be utilized to its fullest extent by bringing not
only thousands, but tens of thousands of well-to-do people
into the State as permanent winter residents. This is
an opportunity which should not be neglected as in the
past, for really very little active work has been done
along this line.
Suppose, for instance, all the leading business people
of Pittsburgh were notified that one of its leading manu-
facturers, a man of large wealth, was building a home in
Florida and that they were invited to do the same.
Suppose New England people familiar with the fact that
Mr. Henry C. Rowe, probably the largest oyster grower
and shipper in the world, after years spent in Daytona
Beach, was spending $150,000 or more on a new resi-
dence and the grounds surrounding it. This would cer-
tainly tempt many of them to think how life might be
lengthened and the joys of life increased by following
What applies to that one city and these two home-
builders applies with equal force to every leading town
in the State, and for that matter to every resort com-
munity in the south. Here is a real opportunity for
doing constructive work for the benefit of the State and,
while benefiting the State, benefit every man and woman
who thus establishes a permanent winter home in Florida.
If Florida and other Southern States would concentrate
upon inducing tens of thousands of people in the North
and West to build winter homes in this section, adver-
tise this feature heavily, giving some facts about the
great business leaders of America who have already built
there, it would result within a few years in such a south-
ward movement as to surpass all past records. Here is
Florida's and the South's greatest undeveloped asset-
except partially-awaiting the magic wand of energetic
FLORIDA LEADS SOUTH IN PER CAPITAL
(By Peter 0. Knight, in Florida Commercial, July 19,
It will certainly be interesting to the people of Florida
as well as elsewhere to read the following figures with
reference to income taxes paid by the southern states
for the year ending June 30, 1929:
Texas .............. ............... $37,706,829.57
North Carolina ............................ 20,067,285.55
Virginia .............................. 20,177,390.67
Oklahoma ........................... 17,571,605.34
Kentucky ............................... 15,197,634.84
Georgia ............................ 13,501,272.73
Tennessee ................................. 13,762,918.57
FLORIDA ................................... 12,859,209.91
Louisiana .... ................................. 12,986,140.19
W est Virginia .............................. 11,348,805.67
Alabama .......... ............. 7,601,516.70
Arkansas ............. ............... 3,557,299.13
South Carolina ............................ 3,500,796.48
M ississippi .................................... 2,325,750.31
From which it will be seen, contrary to what has gen-
erally been supposed by every one, that Florida has paid
in incomes taxes for the year ending June 30, 1929, more
per capital than any other state in the south; and very
much more than most of them.
Bank deposits, to which I referred several days ago,
and incomes taxes paid, reflect financial conditions more
accurately than anything else.
BUILDING WINTER HOMES IN THE SOUTH
(Manufacturers Record, July 18, 1929)
J. W. Harrelson, director of conservation and develop-
ment for the State of North Carolina, writing from
Raleigh to the Manufacturers Record, said:
"I have read with interest the article published in your
issue of June 27, on 'Developing the Work of Inducing
the Building of Winter Homes in the South.' I think
you have well begun a movement that will mean a great
deal to the south."
Already many leading people of the country have
winter homes in the sandhill regions of North Carolina,
South Carolina and Georgia. There are also winter
homes in some other parts of these states owned by
people of wealth from outside. Thomasville, Ga., has for
years been noted for some of its magnificent homes
owned by wealthy men from other sections. Possibly
more has been heard of such winter homes being estab-
lished in Florida than in any other state of the south,
but there is room enough and there are attractions
enough in every one of the southern states for many
homes for people who during the winter months desire
to escape the rigors of the northern and western climate.
We believe the suggestion made by the Manufacturers
Record on this point should be pushed with great vigor
in every part of the south where winter homes can be
established to advantage.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
A FLYING BOAT SERVICE, NORFOLK TO
Stout-D & C Air Lines to Operate All-Metal
Boats to Carry 30 Passengers
(Manufacturers Record, July 11, 1929)
A. A. Schantz, president of the Stout-D & C Air Lines,
Inc., Ford Airport, Dearborn, Mich., advises that the hulls
of the Dornier Superwal flying boats, which it will use
in the operation of service to Miami, are built in Ger-
many. They are all-metal, built along lines similar to
modern boats and steamers with water-tight compart-
ments, and equipped with four motors of 550 horsepower
each, having a maximum speed of 133 miles and a cruis-
ing speed of 110 miles.
The boats will only be flown over water when the vision
is clear and, of course, will land on water. Because of
the possibility of ice in the Potomac River at certain
periods of the winter, the company is considering making
Norfolk its starting port initially, operating from that
port to Miami without stop. It plans to leave Norfolk
in the morning, following the arrival of trains and steam-
ers, and arrive at Miami before the dinner hour. The
carrying capacity of the boats is 30 with a crew of four.
Information is not available as to when the boats will be
shipped from Germany.
The company also plans to operate a line from Detroit
to Cleveland and from Cleveland to Buffalo, leaving
Detroit between 8 and 9 o'clock in the morning and arriv-
ing at Cleveland within 50 minutes, arriving in the heart
of the city. After discharging and taking on passengers,
the boat will leave for Buffalo, reaching that city within
one hour and twenty minutes. It will remain in Buffalo
until 3.00 p. m., returning to Detroit, via Cleveland,
within three hours.
PLANS COMPLETE FOR NEW HOMES AT
(Florida Commercial, July 26, 1929)
Miami Beach.-Plans for the creation of a colony of
20 new homes in the Nautilus subdivision, opposite the
King Cole hotel, were announced July 25 by James Fow-
ler, millionaire banker from Lafayette, Ind. Contract
for the construction of the residences, total cost of which
will be more than $300,000, has been awarded to C. E.
Haley, building contractor with offices at 32 Seybold
Materials for the first three of the 20 homes, which
will range in price from $12,500 to $35,000, will be
moved to the site by August 1 and construction will be
started immediately thereafter, Mr. Haley said.
Contract for the plumbing work has been awarded to
the John J. Crawford Co. Tile, marble and terraza work
contracts have been awarded to the Southern Art Tile
Co., and the painting and decorating contract has been
let to the George W. Hawkins Co.
Plans for the group of houses were drawn for Mr.
Fowler by Alexander Lewis, Miami Beach architect.
The first three homes will cost $15,000 each, and a
permit for their construction will be taken out this month,
bringing the July building permit total for Miami Beach
to more than $1,000,000.
For three consecutive months more than $1,000,000
worth of new buildings have been started at Miami Beach
and the total for the year will be in excess of the pro-
phesied $6,000,000, according to City Manager Claude
Mr. Fowler is constructing the home colony as an in.
vestment. He believes there will be a tremendous de-
mand for homes in Miami Beach during the coming
season, he said, prior to returning to his home in Indiana.
All details of the building work will be handled by the
Haley firm, which also is constructing a $100,000 resi-
dence for John H. Waters, retired chairman of the board
of the National Radiator Co. The Waters home is on an
Indian Creek site. Mr. Waters resides in Johnstown, Pa.
In addition to the Waters residence, Mr. Haley has four
other homes under construction in Miami Beach. Since
coming to this area seven years ago from Louisville he has
constructed upwards of $3,000,000 in homes.
TWENTY SARASOTA HOMES CHANGE
(Florida Commercial, July 19, 1929)
Sarasota.-Sale of 20 residences in Whitfield Estates
is announced by Henry B. Troutman, trustee for the
company which erected the houses. Most of them were
sold to winter visitors who have been coming to Sarasota
for a number of years and who have been prominent in
the social life of the Whitfield colony. Among the pur-
William Hunt Brown, formerly connected with Swift
& Company, whose summer home is in South Yarmouth,
Frank Evans, local attorney.
A. H. Mooreman, sportsman, Syracuse, N. Y.
Otis Prescott, of Boston, who formerly spent his
winters at Bradenton. Mrs. Prescott's brother is treas-
urer of the Republican party in Massachusetts and a
close friend of Calvin Coolidge.
Prentiss French, landscape architect, formerly of
Venice, who is now living in California.
Mrs. Augusta Edgar, of Chicago.
W. J. Simpson, president of the Genessee Valley Trust
Company, in New York state.
William T. Burckner, vice-president of the Continental
National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago.
Mason Rose, superintendent of mails in the local post-
Lewis Germaine, Sarasota.
John G. Hay, president of the North American Bent
Chair Company, Owen Sound, Ontario. This is the
second house purchased by Mr. Hay, who is making this
purchase to house his guests during the winter season.
TAKES OVER HOTEL
(Florida Commercial, July 26, 1929)
Dunedin.-James H. McGill of Valparaiso, Ind., promi-
nent manufacturer of electrical supplies and automobile
parts, has purchased Dunedin's largest hotel, the Fen-
way, from Palmer Williams of Jacksonville, and will
operate it during the winter season under the manage-
ment of C. T. Scanlan, his son-in-law.
Mr. Scanlan, formerly lessee of the Madrid hotel and
restaurant of St. Petersburg, has already begun redeco-
rating and furnishing the entire building. A sprinkler
system will be installed, the property landscaped and a
number of structural improvements arranged. Most of
the furniture has been purchased and contracts let for
the various improvements.
FLORIDA FRUIT JUICES WILL BE SOLD IN
Department of Commerce Makes Contact for
Sale in Cairo
(Times-Union, July 17, 1929)
Florida grapefruit and orange juice soon will be placed
on the retail market in Cairo, Egypt, as the result of
business contacts developed by the local district office of
the United States Department of Commerce.
In making this announcement yesterday, Walter N.
Pearce, district manager, revealed the further informa-
tion that within the next few months a partial cargo of
Florida nursery stock will leave a port of this state for
India to be set out by the government of that country.
The inquiry about the fruit juice came direct from
one of the leading firms in Cairo. Members of the firm
had heard about the Florida grapefruit and orange
juices, and wrote asking if they could buy them in cans
in sufficient quantities to justify attempts to establish
their sale in Egypt.
District Manager Pearce stated yesterday that he im-
mediately got in touch with several firms and had been
able to definitely close a contract for the sale of the two
The opinion was expressed by Mr. Pearce that the Cairo
firm and others will buy all of the canned fruit juices
they can get. "It is not a question of outlet for the
juices," he stated, "but one of production. In the event
the fruit fly is still prevalent next fall and causes the
government to continue the quarantine in force, the de-
mand for the juices will be such that the consumers will
use all they can get."
His opinion was based on the fact that the canning of
the fruit juices is an industry that is just in its begin-
ning, yet news of it had reached Egypt and an inquiry
already had come back for information about the possi-
bilities of obtaining the product in salable quantities.
"The inquiry from Cairo," he added, "is only one of
many. The difficulty is to get sufficient supply to take
care of the demand."
The order for Florida nursery stock, it was stated, will
include grapefruit, orange and other stocks native of this
state, which are to be planted by the Indian government
at Bombay. It will be filled by a South Florida firm, and
will amount to several thousand dollars in value.
FLORIDA GETTING SUMMER TOURISTS
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Miami.-People are going to Florida this summer to
escape the unsettled weather in the north, according to
R. W. Parker, general agent in Miami for the Merchants
and Miners Transportation Company.
"J. C. Clift, our district passenger agent at Jackson-
ville and formerly in Miami, returned recently from a
visit to the company's general offices in Baltimore. He
reported that the unusually hot weather is causing more
persons to plan trips than ever before, and the records in
the office show that Miami and all Florida are receiving
a good percentage of these vacationists.
"Sea voyages make a particular appeal to those who
are tired of the excessive high temperatures they have
been experiencing in their own communities, especially
since high temperatures are reported from the other
northern points which they have been accustomed to
visiting. A trip to Florida, the time needed to get to the
ports being considered, afford inviting two weeks of
travel, since most vacations are for that duration."
J. A. Bliss, passenger agent in Miami, points out that
this city is receiving its proportion of persons making the
trips to Florida on the Merchants and Miners boats
which dock here every ten days. The liners leave Phila-
delphia for Miami, making a brief stop in Jacksonville.
The service on the boats include, in addition to the regu-
lar passengers, those who are taking advantage of the
special 10-day all expense trips. Twenty-five passengers
coming to Miami on such a trip recently arrived on the
TAMPA BAY FISH SENT TO AQUARIUM
(St. Petersburg Times, July 17, 1929)
Two thousand or more fish from the waters of Tampa
bay, Boca Ceiga, Clearwater bay and the waters south of
Pinellas Point, will leave Tampa today aboard the Com-
mercial Mariner of the Moore and McCormack line for
the aquarium in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia. The fish
range in size from the smallest and most harmless to
the poisonous morays.
Collection of the fish was made by Carl Kraiker,
fisherman for the past 20 years. This is his fifth annual
trip into southern waters in search of rare specimens for
the Philadelphia institution. There are 100 varieties of
fish in the consignment. They will travel in 15 tanks
built aboard the ship.
At the aquarium the fish are kept in the same waters
they were caught in. During the trip the temperature is
maintained at 72 degrees.
40,000,000 FISH REPRESENT CATCH OF
(St. Augustine Record, July 12, 1929)
Jacksonville, July 12.-A fleet of ten fish boats, owned
by the Fish Meal Company of Fernandina, four of which
arrived in port yesterday for general repairs, have caught
within the last three months a total of 40,000,000 fish,
according to Capt. E. Snow of the George D. Balster,
now at the Merrill-Stevens Company docks for repairs.
The fish, the greater part of which are known as pogies,
ranging from one inch to over a foot in length, were
caught along the coast from Fernandina to Daytona.
The fishing season for this type of fish began April 15
and will close during the latter part of September when
the boats will leave for water along the North Carolina
coast, Capt. Snow said.
The pogies are caught in fine mesh nets and are
dumped into the hold of the boat, each vessel carrying
from 350,000 to 520,000 fish each. The vessels then
leave the fishing grounds for Fernandina where they are
dumped at the company plant, ground up into fish meal
and used as a fertilizer.
The four vessels arriving in port yesterday morning
were the Southland, Parkins, George Balster and the W.
B. Blades. They will be raised on drydock today for
cleaning, painting and general repairs. The ships are
from seventy to 100 feet long with a beam of twenty-
three feet and a seven-foot hold.
Each is equipped with a "crows' nest" on the main
mast where a lookout is on constant watch for schools
of fish. They carry a crew of from ten to fifteen men
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
ONIONS GROWN AT LAKE HAMILTON, FLA.
BIG MONEY IN ONION CROP
Lake Hamilton Man Grows $4,500 Worth on
(Winter Haven Chief, April 12, 1929)
A. W. Myers of the Lake Hamilton section, east of this
city, is strong for onion growing, and the success he is
having with a three-acre tract on the shores of Lake
Hamilton is ample proof why he considers this one of
the most profitable agricultural pursuits in the entire
state. Mr. Myers is having his first season with onions
and thus far the returns justify his most optimistic hopes
for the future of the industry, for from the three acres
he has taken $4,500 worth of onions this season, with a
net profit of around $4,000-a pretty fair return on an
investment that does not exceed $300 to $325 per acre,
including the cost of the land and the planting.
Mr. Myers is growing Bermudas on his tract. They
are averaging from 16 to 18 inches in circumference and
5 % to 6 inches in diameter. The average weight of the
latter size is 2%A pounds. Mr. Myers grows them in
ordinary truck soil, composed of muck and peet, with a
small sprinkling of sand. He uses only colloidal fer-
tilizer, manufactured by the Colloidal Phosphate Corpora-
tion of Ocala, Fla., using about a ton to the acre. Mr.
Myers might have grown even more to the acre had he
thinned out the onions more extensively. As it is the
tract revealed row after row of the finest specimens of
Bermudas ever raised in this section. Myers sells all his
product in Tampa markets.
Mr. Myers expects to plant a larger acreage to the
Bermudas next season and will continue his business
along similar lines to those used in growing this year's
crop. His place was visited yesterday afternoon by
D. C. Hoffman, of this city, who is Polk county represen-
tative for the Ocala phosphate corporation, who carried
away with him a number of specimens of the product
grown by Myers. They are being examined and admired
by many throughout the county.
GROWERS DISCUSSED ONION CULTURE AT
A MEETING HELD TODAY
(Palmetto News, July 6, 1929)
Growers of this section met at the Peerless packing
house, this city, this morning at 9:30 for the purpose of
discussing the cultivation of onions. The success of sev-
eral farmers the past season in growing Spanish onions
or the Red Valencias has created considerable interest
looking towards making onions a paying crop.
E. H. Hall, of Manhattan, who grew four acres last
season, presented a sample of the onions to demonstrate
the success he had in growing them on the Manhattan
County Agent Leo Wilson was present, giving data on
the culture of Spanish onions. He urges all growers of
this section to plant more onions, as this is thought to be
one of the best paying crops raised in Manatee county.
A man who is good for anything ought not to calcu-
late the chance of living or dying; he ought only to con-
sider whether in doing anything he is doing right or
wrong-acting the part of a good man or of a bad.-
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
STATE TO HELP MARKET FLORIDA CROPS
Experts Employed Under the New Marketing
(Milton Gazette, July 26, 1929)
Jacksonville, July 25.-Florida's official program of
concentrated effort to assist agriculturists in marketing
their products will get under way definitely during the
early part of August, it was announced Wednesday by
L. M. Rhodes, state commissioner of markets. The plan
was given the approval of the state legislature during the
At the same time, Commissioner Rhodes announced
that F. W. Risher and L. H. Lewis, both nationally recog-
nized marketing experts, had been selected as poultry
marketing experts and livestock and general farming
specialist, respectively, in the new lineup of activities.
Approval of the employment of the two men, Mr. Risher,
who is now connected with the North Carolina Depart-
ment of Agriculture, and Mr. Lewis with the South
Carolina department, was given by the two other mem-
bers of the State Agricultural Marketing Board, Gov.
Doyle E. Carlton and Commissioner of Agriculture
Organizing Meet Today
Commissioner Rhodes left Wednesday for Tallahassee,
where the organization meeting of the marketing com-
mission was to be held. It was expected that the fruit
and vegetable marketing specialist and the dairying
marketing expert would be named, and it has been indi-
cated unofficially, that two Florida men are under serious
consideration for the positions. The board members
went over the plans for the initiation of the marketing
Both Mr. Risher and Mr. Lewis will report to Com-
missioner Rhodes early in August, the announcement
stated. Mr. Risher's headquarters are now located at
Raleigh, N. C., and he comes into the Florida organiza-
tion highly recommended by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture and the North Carolina department
officials and has had years of experience in the organizing
of poultrymen and marketing poultry products. He is
a graduate of Clemson College, South Carolina, and has
taken a number of post-graduate courses in various agri-
cultural schools. Mr. Lewis has been marketing agent
for South Carolina with headquarters at Florence, since
1920. He is a graduate of the Alabama Polytechnical
Institute (Auburn) and has also taken advanced agri-
cultural work in other schools. For two years just prior
to the World War, in which he served as a lieutenant,
he was agricultural agent for the Southern Railway
system. In the years of 1919 and 1920 he served as a
county agent in Alabama, going with the South Carolina
department late in 1920.
The men were employed, Commissioner Rhodes said,
after he and Mr. Mayo had made a three weeks tour of
thirteen states, studying marketing work in those states.
"Mr. Risher and Mr. Lewis have built up marketing
systems in North and South Carolina to the high degree
of efficiency we want in Florida," the commissioner de-
clared, "and appeared to us to be the best available men
to handle our work. They were employed on their record
of achievement, the basis on which the marketing pro-
gram will be undertaken."
The four specialists will have their headquarters in
Jacksonville, at the Florida State Marketing Bureau, St.
James building. The office space of the bureau has been
about doubled to care for the increase in programmed
activities and equipment purchased to make the state or-
ganization among the leaders as to efficient efforts of
the states in the Union.
MIAMI SELECTS SITE FOR ITS NEW SPORTS
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Miami.-City commission has voted to erect the Miami
stadium on a 20-acre site at the Dade county fair grounds
in the northwest section of the city.
The site has a frontage of 660 feet on the street and
runs back more than 1,300 feet. The site was offered the
city by the Dade county commissioners rent free for five
years. City Manager Welton A. Snow informed the
board that William F. Carey, president of the Madison
Square Garden Corporation of New York City, will send
an architect to Miami to draw plans for the stadium. The
stadium will be reconstructed from the one in which the
Sharkey-Stribling fight was held at Flamingo Park, Miami
Beach, last winter and will be arranged so that football
games may be played within the enclosure.
Norris McElya, Miami attorney, urged that the com-
missioners start the stadium work immediately in order
that the playing field may be sodded and ready for use
by Miami public school and University of Miami football
teams in September. It also is planned that the Univer-
sity of Oregon and University of Florida football teams
will play at the stadium in December.
RULES AND REGULATIONS FOURTH EGG
CONTEST BEING DISTRIBUTED
(Lake City Reporter, July 12, 1929)
Chipley, Fla.-Rules and regulations governing the
fourth Florida National Egg-Laying Contest have been
printed and are being distributed by E. F. Stanton,
supervisor. The appropriation for continuing the contest
was made by the extra session of the State Legislature.
One of the principal changes in the contest this year
will be the shortening of it to 11 months instead of 51
weeks. The contest will start on November 1, 1929, and
will close on September 30, 1930. This change is in line
with the policy adopted by all of the southern egg-laying
contests in which, beginning in 1930, the contests will
start on October 1 instead of November 1. The shorter
period for the fourth contest is made necessary because
the fifth contest will be starting early. The fifth con-
test will run for the full 51 weeks.
The Florida contest has always ranked well up towards
the top of all the contests in the United States. The
plant has a capacity to care for 100 pens of 13 pullets
Another change in the rules this year regulates the
alternates. In the first three contests, the contestant
sent in 13 birds, three specific ones of which he had
entered as alternates whose records would be counted
only in case of death or disqualification of one of the
main entrants. In the fourth contest, each contestant
will enter 13 pullets and at all times the 10 which have
laid the most eggs will be classed as the entrants, while
the other three will be alternates.
Those desiring to enter pens can secure copies of the
regulations, and application blanks, from Mr. Stanton.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
BRIGHT LEAF TOBACCO MARKET OPENED
TUESDAY WITH OVER NINETY-SIX
Sales of 96,178 Pounds Bring Total Receipts of
$16,812.08-Largest Since Opening of
Quincy Market in 1925
(Gadsden County Times, July 25, 1929)
With a break of 96,178 pounds, the Williams bright
leaf tobacco warehouse opened in Quincy, Tuesday fore-
noon at 10 o'clock, with James H. Pearson as auctioneer
and all the largest companies except the American repre-
sented by buyers. Several hundred growers and visitors
were present for the opening, which was the second most
successful of the Quincy house.
The average price for the opening day was $17.50 per
hundred, the highest figure paid for a basket of leaf
being $49 and the lowest $5 a hundred. Individual sales
totaled 175 and the total receipts for the day amounted
Tuesday was an off day on practically all the bright
leaf markets reporting, and the Quincy market was no
exception. The sales on the second day amounted to
only 4,914 pounds, with an average price of $16.50. Low
price for the day was $5 a hundred and the highest $23.
The names of the buyers and the interests they repre-
sent are given below:
E. H. Cooper-Export Leaf Tobacco Company, Peters-
H. L. Elks and S. A. McConkey-J. P. Taylor Tobacco
Co., and others, Richmond, Va.
W. R. Taylor-Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co., Durham,
N. C.; L. B. Jenkins Tobacco Co., Kingston, N. C.
M. Z. Moore-Imperial Tobacco Co., Great Britain and
George Hellebush-R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company,
Winston-Salem, N. C.
That the quality of leaf being offered is superior to that
upon opening of the market last year is indicated by an
increase of $3.75 a hundred over the first sales day in
1928, when the average price received for the 96,194
pounds marketed was $13.75. The sales were the largest
of any single day since the market opened in Quincy in
1925 and amounted to $3,584.82 more than on opening
day last year.
Very little Gadsden county tobacco is being delivered
to the warehouse this week, as most of the planters are
busy with their shade crops. The bulk of the tobacco
that sold during the opening days was brought here by
farmers from Jackson and other West Florida counties,
Alabama and Georgia. Many of these planters are mak-
ing long hauls to attend the Quincy market, confident of
receiving the best prices. This morning trucks were un-
loading tobacco grown more than two hundred miles west
and north of Quincy. Watson & Cooper, whose fields are
some twenty miles west of Andalusia, Ala., probably made
the longest hauls.
The top price of $49 was paid for tobacco grown in
Jackson county near Sneads by A. D. McKinney. Other
Jackson county growers received some of the best prices
paid. Possibly the best average for any farmer's crop
was made by Hollis Bradwell, negro planter of Gadsden
county. His tobacco sold at prices ranging from $16 to
$23 per hundred, with an average of approximately $19.
The sales this morning amounted to more than 30,000
pounds, with good prices prevailing. Sales amounting to
possibly as much as those on the first day are expected
PULLMAN COMPANY BUILDS NEW LAUN-
DRY IN MIAMI
(Florida Commercial, July 19, 1929)
Miami.-The new laundry building of the Pullman
Company, manufacturers of Pullman sleeping cars,
operated on all railroads in the United States, has occu-
pied its new Miami building in N. W. Ninth street be-
tween Fifth and Sixth avenues. Laundry operations were
begun last week with a force of 25 persons employed in
all departments, including D. M. Covington, assistant
manager. According to G. H. Utley, manager of the
Pullman laundry plant, this force will have to be practi-
cally doubled during the winter season.
FIRST BALE OF COTTON WAS GINNED AT
MILTON MONDAY-JERNIGAN'S CROP
PROBABLY LEADS FLORIDA
Unusually Early Bale Grown by Mr. Jernigan
(Milton Gazette, July 23, 1929)
Santa Rosa county's first bale of cotton-probably the
first bale in all Florida-was ginned by the Milton Gin &
Warehouse Company Monday afternoon. It came from
the farm of Sanford Jernigan, five miles west of Milton
on the Milton-Pace highway.
Mr. Jernigan's cotton, the earliest in the county, con-
sists of approximately twenty acres. He estimates that
he will have a yield of about half a bale to the acre.
July 22 is unusually early for cotton to mature, es-
pecially along the coast, where the rainfall is quite heavy.
The local ginning plant, the second season it has been
in operation, operated perfectly Monday when Mr. Jer-
nigan's cotton was being run through. Mr. Jernigan has
received considerable congratulation from his friends here
on being the first to produce a bale of cotton.
The bale of cotton weighs 470 pounds. L. Pollard is
Mr. Jernigan's farmer.
HIGH PRODUCTION HEN BRED AT THE
UNIVERSITY POULTRY FARM
(Times-Union, July 15, 1929)
When a pullet makes a record of 129 eggs in five
months, she is making a claim for national recognition,
thinks an agricultural writer at the Florida Experiment
Station at Gainesville. The writer adds: "When the same
hen, a year later, lays 129 eggs in the same length of
time she establishes that claim. Such is the record of
No. 1014, a White Leghorn bred and owned by the col-
lege of agriculture. This hen ended a year's record on
October 31, 1928, with 318 eggs to her credit. From
September 6, 1927, to November 4, 1928, she had laid
341 eggs. A careful record has been kept on this bird,
and it shows that she has laid 487 eggs in her lifetime,
up to the end of May, 1929." The fact that she has done
as well the first five months of this year as she did in
the same period last year, is considered remarkable by
Dr. N. W. Sanborn, professor of poultry husbandry at
the university. The daughters of 1014 are showing the
same fine characterists, according to Dr. Sanborn.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
GLADIOLI TO BE GROWN COMMERCIALLY
Extensive Bulb Planting Planned to Produce
Cut Flowers for Northern Markets
(Times-Union, July 21, 1929)
Winter Park, July 20.-Gladioli culture is a new enter-
prise being developed near Winter Park in connection
with the plumosus fern industry. The gladioli gardens
are located north of Winter Park and have been laid out
by the Winter Park Ferneries.
In investigating this new industry the Winter Park
Chamber of Commerce has learned from A. T. Traylor,
director of extension for the fern company, that six of
the gladioli garden plots are being developed at the pres-
ent time, four new homes have been built, and several
thousand feet of an underground watering system have
Gladioli growers are planning to plant many thousand
bulbs this coming fall for the purpose of producing cut
flowers for the northern floral markets.
In the fern section fourteen ferneries are producing
at the present time, with the entire output readily con-
sumed by northern floral markets.
The fern industry around Winter Park has grown to
comprehensive proportions in the past two years and
brings thousands of dollars in cash to the growers.
BUILDER PLANS RESIDENCES FOR HIS
(Florida Commercial, July 26, 1929)
Miami.-A. F. Becker, building contractor of 129 N. E.
SFirst street, has gone to New York, where he has been
called, he said before leaving, on construction business
for clients who are planning to build here in the fall.
While away Mr. Becker said he will visit cities in the
Central West to close up contracts and check building
programs with one or more leading financial institutions
of that section who contemplate improvements in the
Metropolitan Miami district.
During this year Mr. Becker has completed and sold
a number of residences in Coral Gables, some of which
have been occupied by the owners. Mr. Becker is owner
of the trade name, "Becker Built," which is said to sig-
nify to the building trades a high standard of construc-
tion. Five homes recently completed at different
selected locations in Coral Gables are reported to have
FISKE VISITS STATE
(Florida Commercial, July 26, 1929)
Tampa.-A. F. C. Fiske, vice-president of the Metro-
politan Life Insurance Company and son of Haley Fiske,
founder of the institution, was in the city recently on a
combined business and pleasure tour of the state.
He was accompanied by R. R. Lawrence, superintendent
of agencies for seven southern states; Walter J. Shep-
herd, superintendent of the New England territory; G.
W. Robinson, agency supervisor, and C. D. Williford,
manager of the New Orleans district.
"Insurance business has been better in Florida this year
than in any other state in the south," Mr. Fiske declared,
in reporting business in the state for his company almost
30 per cent greater than for a corresponding period last
Moreover, the Metropolitan has been lending consider-
able sums of money in Tampa on business, public and
residential property, and will continue to do so, Mr. Fiske
said. The present flurry in local finance will not affect
the company's policy, because it could not have affected
the basic soundness of the city's resources.
The company has approximately 200 agents, assistant
managers and managers in the state, and Mr. Fiske is
making a point of meeting every one to congratulate each
on the splendid showing the state is making.
NEW STEAMSHIP LINES PLANNED
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Jacksonville.-A well known steamship agency is nego-
tiating with Jacksonville interests for an additional Gulf
service here, which, when established, will offer another
direct outlet for the manufactured products of the south-
east, it was announced by Charles E. Muller, industrial
secretary of the chamber of commerce, in an address
before the Kiwanis Club in regular weekly luncheon
session at the Carling Hotel.
Details of the proposed new Gulf line here are not
available but will be announced at an early date, Mr.
Eastern interests are also negotiating for coastwise
service that would give Jacksonville an additional service
to more northerly ports and offer even greater economies
in the transportation set-up, he stated.
"During the first six months of 1929 a total of twenty-
one new industries have been brought to Jacksonville.
Thirteen of these represent outside capital and while it is
too early to state the amount of plant investment in-
volved, we do know this will exceed $1,250,000 and pro-
vide employment for not less than 1,300 or double the
employes required by new industries in all of 1928.
"During the same period there have been a total of
seven expansions to existing plants," he said.
Other figures that show the industrial development of
Jacksonville during the first half of 1929 were given by
Mr. Muller, which would indicate that Jacksonville is
one of the largest industrial and commercial centers of
SEEKS TO DEVELOP KAOLIN PROPERTY
(Manufacturers Record, July 18, 1929)
John L. Hanley of the Thrift Securities Corporation of
Tampa, Fla., in the course of a letter to the Manufac-
turers Record, writes:
"We have a very high grade of kaolin that could be
worked very economically. I thought you might be in
touch with machinery men who would come in on the
proposition, furnishing the machinery and a competent
man to run it. Our group stands ready to put in
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Palm Beach.-Mrs. Harry L. Thomas, Chicago, is hav-
ing plans completed by Volk & Maass, architects, Plaza
building, Palm Beach, for hollow tile and cast stone resi-
dence, Banyan Road, Jungle Point; carved stone entrance,
stained glass windows, two stories, tower, six baths, 30
by 60-foot swimming pool.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
GRAPE GROWERS WELL PLEASED WITH
Carlot Shipments Bring Unusually Good Prices
(Milton Gazette, July 23, 1929)
Grape growers of Santa Rosa county, as well as the
remainder of western Florida, have enjoyed one of the
most successful seasons this year that the industry has
had since grapes became popular several years ago.
The several Milton business men who have gone into
grape-growing on their farms appear to be well pleased
with the production and prices this year. Shipments made
recently through the Producers Association of Crestview
brought $3.00 per crate, which netted the producers from
10c to 15c per pound after deductions for freight and
For the past several weeks two carloads of grapes have
been shipped each week. The local season will end in
about two weeks, with the California crop going onto the
market at about the same time.
The returns from recent shipments made in iced cars
to eastern markets have been exceptionally favorable.
Ten cents net per pound is considered to be a very accept-
able figure for grapes. One reason for this good price is
the fact that West Florida grapes mature earlier than
California grapes and there are virtually no grapes avail-
able from other sections at that particular time.
Favorable prices also have been received by local grow-
ers at other markets than those of the east. The prices
have been good in most of the southern cities.
TAMPA HARBOR IS PORT OF CALL FOR 58
(Florida Commercial, July 19, 1929)
Tampa.-Enumeration of steamship and sailing vessel
lines making Tampa either the home port or a port of
call, made recently by Captain Lovelace, harbor master,
shows that 58 such lines, large and small, bring cargoes
here and take Tampa and Florida products to all corners
of the world. Included in the list are such lines as
Moore & McCormick, Bull Line, P. & 0., Gulf and
Southern, a number of foreign lines, besides small sail,
steam and auxiliary vessels plying to Central American
and West Indian ports and in the coastwise trade.
GERMAN MARKET FOR FLORIDA HONEY;
LABELLE HAS LARGEST PRODUCER
(Hendry County News, July 11, 1929)
LaBelle has the largest individual honey producer in
the State of Florida, C. C. Cook. This will make of par-
ticular interest to this community the information re-
ceived by the Jacksonville District Office of the United
States Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, con-
cerning the German markets for honey. This product is
apparently available in large quantities in Florida, and
because of the German demand, offers an additional out-
let for a commodity, which, if taken advantage of, should
materially help to increase the state's substantial trade
in export fields. It is reported that Florida honey, which
is of a high grade, is sent into northern markets and
mixed with inferior honeys for export. Through this
process the Florida product, as a consequence, loses its
identity and when sold in foreign markets the mixed
product is presumably known as a northern honey. Honey
interests are to investigate these possibilities in order
that the full benefits should accrue to the Florida product.
Honey is very popular in Germany and the demand
from year to year is fairly constant. According to local
importers and wholesale dealers, Germany's annual con-
sumption of honey is 44,000,000 pounds, but this is
merely approximate. Ordinarily Germany produces
about two-thirds of this amount, and must import the
LEESBURG BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIA-
TION PAYS NICE DIVIDEND
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Leesburg.-Declaration of eighteenth semi-annual divi-
dend of 4 per cent by the board of directors of the Lees-
burg Building and Loan Association will release the sum
of $11,596.51 to the members of this local institution.
Report of the secretary, Justin E. Langille, showed net
earnings for the past six months of $12,029.89. The
combined surplus and reserve account as of June 30
stood at $8,031.03.
A major part of the extensive building program of
Leesburg for the past several years has been financed
by the association.
PAPER ON VETCH AND AUSTRIAN PEAS
(DeFuniak Breeze, July 25, 1929)
A thorough discussion of vetch and Austrian peas for
soil improvement is found in bulletin 54 of the Agri-
cultural Extension Division of the University of Florida.
The publication is written by J. Lee Smith, the district
agent for North and West Florida, and is just off the
The story of growing vetch and peas in Florida begins
in the fall of 1927, when a few acres were planted to
these crops, mainly for demonstration purposes. The
county agents of West Florida were quick to see the
advantages of these winter cover crops, and they induced
many farmers to plant small acreages in the fall of
During the past spring a number of tours were held
to visit the crops before they were turned under, and
just recently tours were held to show the farmers the
improvement in corn and cotton where these crops were
grown. The results so far have been decidedly in favor
of the two crops.
Tests conducted by the Agronomy Department of the
Florida Experiment Station have shown a big increase in
yields of corn on land where vetch and Austrian peas
were previously grown and turned under.
Mr. Smith's bulletin tells all that one will need to know
about growing these two winter cover crops. It may
be secured free by writing to the Agricultural Extension
Division, at Gainesville.
LUMBER COMPANY GETS MAHOGANY
(Florida Commercial, July 19, 1929)
Tampa.-Officials of the Weis-Paterson Lumber Com-
pany announce the manufacture of mahogany lumber
from logs being brought here by barges from Cuba.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
FLORIDA EGGS BRINGING HIGH PRICES
Poultry Producers Association Manager Talks
Before Commerce Chamber
(Orlando Reporter-Star, July 23, 1929)
Poultry day at the Orlando Chamber of Commerce
brought to the attention of the public a lot of facts con-
cerning this growing industry that were not generally
To begin with, the Central Florida Poultry Producers'
Association is a cooperative organization operating on
strict business principles. The manager of the associa-
tion, C. R. Ryan, is a man of many years of experience
in the marketing of produce. Ryan, in his talk today,
made it plain that the chief purpose of the organization
was to stabilize the market and avoid those fluctuations
that are depressing to producers. Price, said the speaker,
is not the chief end of the association. He added, that
while the management was alert to market conditions and
was constantly seeking out the best markets available,
its big aid to the producer was in furnishing a constant
market at remunerative prices, and to the consumer in
furnishing high quality eggs on a graded basis.
Central Florida eggs, said the speaker, are bringing
top and premium prices because of the quality of the
eggs, the grading and the packing. Only new cartons
are used in packing Central Florida eggs. It is the prac-
tice with many shippers to buy second-hand cartons be-
cause they are cheaper. But cartons in which eggs have
been shipped a few times, he said, are bound to take on
a strong odor, and that eggs are very susceptible to odors
and thus a good, fresh egg in a few days might be ren-
dered of poor quality by taking up a foul odor. Ryan
warned against giving out extravagant statements as to
prices that may be expected by producers. He said that
no one could tell in advance what prices may be and that
there is a danger point above which prices could not go
without opening up to foreign eggs a market at a much
lower figure and thus ruin the home market. Ryan had
an attentive and interesting audience.
Others who spoke briefly were C. F. Bachelder, chair-
man of the industrial committee of the Orlando Chamber
of Commerce; Karl Lehman, secretary of the Orange
County Chamber of Commerce, and W. H. Mouser, one
of the big fruit marketers of Florida and Georgia.
Secretary Gay called attention to the poultry display
and read the application of T. J. Schiff for membership.
President Voorhis presided. Mr. Voorhis told briefly
of the visit to Winter Haven and the interest kept up in
that chamber of commerce.
EARLY HOGS SOON BE ON THE MARKET,
SAYS COUNTY AGENT
(Chipley Banner, July 19, 1929)
Several hundred hogs are now in the peanut and corn
fields, being fattened off for the September market, re-
ports County Agent Gus York. Many farmers planted
early feed and grain crops, anticipating putting them on
the market for early fall market. Some of these are
in the form of demonstrations, the number and weight
of hogs being calculated when turned in, as well as the
yield of the crop that is to be hogged down, in order to
find out what profit may be obtained. At the end of
the season it is hoped to get some reliable information.
Since the cheapness of pork produced under this
system depends upon the cheapness of crops produced,
which in turn devolves on a large yield, Washington
county farmers should produce pork rather cheaply, or
at least cheaper than past years, because of the larger
yields of feed crops.
Mr. York suggests that all farmers who have not noti-
fied him of their plans of feed-off hogs for early market,
do so in order that plans may be made for car-lot ship-
PALM BEACH HAS BUILDING GAIN
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Palm Beach.-A total of $2,724,293 in construction
values, according to building permit totals from October
1, 1928, through June 30, 1929, has been completed in
West Palm Beach, it was learned from a report of the
city engineer's office, tendered to the city commission.
This group includes electrical, plumbing and building
permits issued, with October, the month following the
storm, leading the way with a grand total of $1,092,290
in all permits. November was next in line with $494,-
062.60 and December was third with $221,667.45. The
lowest month was June, which had $116,922, mostly
At present there are 207 buildings under construction
or repair, the total value of which work is $360,843.36.
Building permits for the nine months involved were
in the majority with a grand total of 3,165 permits for
work valued at $2,512,193.30. A total of 1,161 electrical
permits were issued for valuation of $116,100, while 570
plumbing permits were issued, valued at $114,000.
During October 1,520 building permits, 204 electrical
permits and 66 plumbing permits were issued by the city.
November and December almost reached this total in
electrical permits with 195 and 199, respectively.
DESOTO FARMERS PLAN BIG CUCUMBER
(Tampa Tribune, July 22, 1929)
Arcadia, July 21.-(Special)--DeSoto county farmers
are preparing for the biggest acreage in cucumbers this
fall they have ever had, according to W. A. Neal, presi-
dent of the Nocatee Vegetable Growers Association. The
cucumber acreage will be between 100 and 120 acres, the
largest single acreage being planted by A. C. Williams,
who is preparing for 30 acres.
Mr. Neal will plant 10 acres to cucumbers. The acre-
age used for this vegetable is excellently drained, well
irrigated and rich so that the yield will likely be the best
in the county. The Nocatee growers expect to plant
about 40 acres in peppers.
Resulting from the successful experiment this season
in planting the Big Stem Jersey sweet potatoes, there
will be a large acreage planted to this tuber next year.
Already Neal has sold several thousand plants for slips
and one man alone who is a sweet potato specialist from
Tennessee contemplates putting 100 acres in the Big
Stem Jerseys. Neal is furnishing slips to the Nocatee
growers for next year's crop, taking his pay in a portion
of the crop.
The last six acres of Neal's Big Stem Jersey crop has
not yet been dug and he will not harvest them until
after the Georgia crop is disposed of.
Dill pickles are more healthful than those made with
vinegar. In making dill pickles pactic acid, the same acid
as found in buttermilk, is formed.
POULTRYMEN SEEK LARGER MARKETS BY
Small Poultrymen Will Be Enabled to Reach the
Big Markets If Present Plans of Central
Florida Poultrymen Are Carried Out
(Umatilla Tribune, July 19, 1929)
A committee from the Lake County Poultry Associa-
tion, appointed at the last meeting of the association
when Mr. Tribble, agricultural agent, met with that body
to discuss carlot shipment of poultry, met with Clifford
Hiat, Lake county agricultural agent at Tavares,
Wednesday and went over the question in detail. The
committee was composed of Messrs. C. R. Hiat, of
Tavares; J. S. Allen, of Umatilla, president of the Cen-
tral Florida Cooperative Poultry Association; and H.
Van Sickle, of Umatilla.
The plan, briefly, is to have a car spotted at a desig-
nated point at a certain date and allow poultry of the
county to make a full car shipment of chickens. The
plan is devised in the main so that the small poultryman
may have a chance to get on the larger markets and so
get a prevailing and sure market price for their product.
At the meeting of the association, held when the rail-
road agent was present called for a car to start at
Orlando, and stop at designated points in the local poultry
A questionnaire was sent out by the poultrymen's
organization and it is stated that to date some 16,000 lbs.
of chickens were assured for the initial tryout and more
were expected to be heard from when the plan was more
generally made known.
Mr. Clifford Hiat is now in full possession of all data
regarding the proposed shipment and will be glad to
furnish any information in regard to same.
This writer has seen the plan worked out in other
states and it proved an unqualified success. As an aid
to marketing for the man with but a moderately large
number of chickens it was a wonderful help.
In connection with the operations of the Central Flor-
ida Poultry Producers Cooperative Association, they sent
their first shipment of eggs recently to the New York
market. Word came back that the eggs had arrived in
first-class condition and were disposed of on the big
market for three cents a dozen over the prevailing
market price. A new plan suggested for future ship-
ments is to ship from Jacksonville by boat, thus saving
considerable on the freight. The association is putting
up their eggs in special containers trade-marked as Sun-
laid Eggs from the Central Florida Cooperative Associa-
tion and will be sold in all food stores of Orlando
to start with, and just as soon as conditions warrant
they will be on sale in this manner in other places.
LAKE TOWNS FEEL HOUSE SHORTAGE
(Florida Commercial, July 26, 1929)
Clewiston.-Hundreds of thousands of dollars in con-
struction of new building around the southern end of
Lake Okeechobee from Clewiston through Belle Glade to
Canal Point during the past few months has failed to
solve the house shortage problem in the Lake Okeechobee
area and now with the continually expanding operations
of the Southern Sugar Company bringing in new resi-
dents to this section, the housing problem, instead of
nearing a solution, is becoming more acute.
CIRCUS CHOOSES WINTER QUARTERS
(Florida Commercial, July 12, 1929)
Sarasota.-Contract has- been awarded to Logan &
Curran, local contractors, for immediate erection of a
dormitory, stables, animal houses and property and
storage houses for Dutton's Attractions, the second big
circus to make Sarasota its winter quarters. The other,
of course, is Ringling Bros. circus.
Buildings for the Dutton shows are to be completed
and in readiness by the time the shows go off the road
late in the fall. The quarters will occupy a tract of about
40 acres. No statement as to cost of the work was made
by the architect, Thomas R. Martin, of this city.
SPECIALISTS IN BULBS PLEASED WITH
Volusia Has Raised Best Quality Narcissus and
(DeLand News, July 22, 1929)
W. A. Spurling, purchase and sales manager of
Stumpt and Walter Company of New York City, which
is one of the largest firms of importers and dealers in
bulbs and seeds, accompanied by T. J. Irwin, manager of
Buckfield Plantation of Kress, S. C., the largest narcissus
farm in the world, 500 acres of which were planted dur-
ing the past year, were in DeLand this week end, guests
of the Putnam hotel. They have made a hurried review
of the narcissus situation of the state, and after looking
over the narcissus bulbs in storage expressed themselves
as pleased, stating that this crop is apparently the best
ever produced in Florida. These men felt very much
encouraged and are of the opinion that the Florida
growers are rapidly becoming well posted in the growing
Mr. Spurling and Mr. Irwin also expressed a great deal
of surprise and pleasure in the quality of gladiolas and
lily bulbs and encouraged the growers to believe that
these will be important commercial crops in the near
future if properly merchandised. They left today for
their homes, Mr. Spurling going to New York City and
Mr. Irwin to Kress, S. C.
FIRST U. S. CITRON GROVE AT HOME-
(Citrus County Chronicle, July 19, 1929)
The first attempt to develop commercial citron pro-
duction in the United States has been undertaken by
Frank W. Lovering, near Homestead. About 600 trees
have already been set out, and it is stated that when
mature they will yield at the rate of seven and a half
tons to the acre, and will bring in the neighborhood of
$200 a ton. It is estimated that from $10,000,000 to
$15,000,000 worth of citron is used in this country an-
nually. It is all imported, chiefly from Corsica, Sicily
and Greece. The trees in the Lovering grove are from
specially selected Corsican stock. Citron is the oldest of
the citrus fruits, dating back to the fourth century B. C.
It is used largely in the making of fruit cakes, etc., and
a certain variety known as "etrog" is cherished by the
Jews in ceremonial rites. For this purpose, fresh fruits
are imported from Corfu at great expense, running as
high as $25 a fruit. It appears that citron can be pro-
duced very profitably in Florida, and it will be interest-
ing to watch Mr. Lovering's progress.
TOBACCO GROWERS GET GOOD PRICES
AT LIVE OAK SALE
Opening of West Florida Market Attracts Five
Thousand to Watch Bidding
(Ocala Star, July 24, 1929)
Live Oak, July 24.-(A. P.)-More than five thousand
people from Alachua, Columbia, Lafayette, Hamilton and
Suwannee counties attended the opening of the tobacco
market here yesterday.
Threatening weather held back a number of growers,
but those who were here enjoyed the music by the New-
berry band, boxing bouts, and the serving of Brunswick
stew prepared under the direction of J. D. Henry, presi-
dent of Rotary, and Henry Leech, president of Kiwanis.
Selling began promptly at 10 o'clock and lasted for
three hours, commencing again at 2 in the afternoon and
continuing until after 4. Over 138,000 pounds were bid
in by the buyers, the Export Company leading in pur-
chases for the day. Their representative is S. Carring-
ton; American, is R. N. Wall; Imperial, is B. A. Town-
send; Ligget and Myers, is W. D. Webb, and R. J. Rey-
nolds, is H. O. Perkins.
Sheriff Will Lyle, one of this county's oldest growers,
averaged better than 21 cents on piles he sold, and sev-
eral piles grown in Columbia and Alachua counties
brought 29 cents. The average price for the day was
EARLIER COTTON IS BRINGING FORTH
(Miami Floridan, July 26, 1929)
Kirkland's cotton gin at Cottondale Tpesday received
its first bale of the new 1929 crop. The cotton was raised
by Mr. J. A. Gay, of Cottondale, and weighed 470 pounds.
Mr. Gay received 35 cents per pound for it.
The cotton was shipped by express to Hardaway Cov-
ington Warehouse Co. of Montgomery, Ala., for further
disposition. Mr. Gay is a successful farmer and has re-
sided at his present location for several years.
Kirkland received the first bale of new cotton last
season on the 7th day of August. Cotton shows to be at
least two weeks earlier than it was last year. The melon
acreage was reduced about half, the peanut acreage was
also reduced, this causing the acreage of cotton to be
FIRST BALE OF 1929 COTTON
Raised by J. W. Wood of Lake Lona, Sold to
Adams Ginning Co. Here
(Columbia Gazette, July 23, 1929)
Columbia county's first bale of cotton of the 1929 crop
was brought to this city Saturday by J. W. Wood, of near
Lake Lona, west of town, who sold it to the Adams Gin-
ning Company at the existing market price.
Mr. Wood is one of this county's best cotton farmers
and is reported to have a fine crop and with little or no
signs of the boll weevil.
The cotton crop in the county generally is reported to
be larger than last year and in much better condition.
Boll weevils are said to be not doing as much damage,
generally speaking, and if prices hold up it will place no
little "long green" in circulation.
HOUSE SHIPS 250 CRATES OF AVOCADOS
(Homestead Leader, July 25, 1929)
Two hundred fifty crates of avocados have been
shipped so far this week by the Silver Palm Citrus
Growers Association, according to John E. Gunn, fore-
man and assistant manager, who is in charge during the
absence of the manager, Harry Adams, and the illness
of E. F. Wyman. Last week's shipments aggregated
about 200 crates, Mr. Gunn said.
Asked about the market, Mr. Gunn said that the prices
range between 75 cents and $3 a dozen, with fancy big
Pollocks bringing the top prices. The deluge of Cuban
avocados is responsible for the low avocado market, he
said, as otherwise the price would range as high as four
and five dollars a dozen.
Mr. Adams is expected to return to his duties August
5, Mr. Gunn said.
One of the most profitable farm crops for Florida is
sweet potatoes. There is always a market for this de-
lightful tuber, and so far the market has never been
glutted. Arcadia farmers are going in for sweet potato
growing on a large scale. W. A. Neal, president of the
Nocatee Vegetable Growers' Association, made a report
recently to a committee of growers on his recent trip to
Georgia, where he went to investigate the sweet potato
industry. Mr. Neal has an experimental crop of Big
Stem Jersey potatoes, and has dug only the first four
acres of this crop, getting a yield of around 275 bushels
to the acre. He still has six acres more of the potatoes
to be dug. He learned from the Georgia farmers that
the potatoes can be harvested more economically by
grading and packing them in hampers in the field. The
fact that the expense of handling the crop is small, is
expected to popularize the planting of this particular
variety of potato. The demand is said to be keen in all
parts of the United States.
BIG JERSEY SWEET POTATOES PRODUCE
(Plant City Courier, July 16, 1929)
Palatka.-Three hundred and ninety barrels of big
Jersey sweet potatoes off of two acres of sandy loam
near San Mateo is the report of Messrs. Clarence H.
Kennerly and Will Rogero, according to the Putnam
county chamber of commerce.
This crop, which was planted as an experiment this year,
has surpassed the expectation of Messrs. Kennerly and
Rogero, the sweet tubers running three hundred and
forty-eight barrels of number ones and with a very small
percentage not grading as twos.
The farmer's wife is sprucing up. Her dressing table
holds some 22 million jars of face creams, and more than
25 million cans of talcum powder. She is as up to date
in lipstick as her city cousin-using some six million
sticks every year.
The farmer tidies up the home and the farm buildings
with some 29 million gallons of paint every year. Yet
this figure represents less than half the amount of paint
the farm market could use. Some 765 million cakes or
packages of soap keep things spick and span. Other
purchases, such as automobiles, clothes, shoes, furniture,
home furnishings, farm and household appliances, run
into billions of dollars.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
MODERN POULTRY PLANT FOR PRODUC-
TION OF FRIERS AND BROILERS
W. H. Shipley Pioneer in This Angle of Poultry
Industry-Outlook Very Promising
(Wellborn Sentinel, July 19, 1929)
That the poultry industry can be made to pay in
Florida is no longer a question. The fact that it can be
has been proven time and again during the past few
years, and the splendid profits that may be earned from
engaging in this business is becoming more and more
apparent as time goes by, and the number to engage in
it are increasing at a very rapid rate.
The newspapers of today carry many interesting stories
regarding the poultry industry, presenting figures to
show that very few enterprises or businesses are more
profitable than this, when properly planned and carried
There are a number of angles to the poultry business.
Some who engage in it prefer to hatch and sell the baby
chicks, others go into the business for egg production,
while others raise chickens for eating purposes, each
angle having proven successful for those who have gone
at it in the right way and followed with diligent care
W. H. Shipley, of this city, has approached the poultry
business from still another angle. While not new the
country over, still it is new for this section. He has
adopted what is called the progressive system of poultry
production. In other words he is raising chickens to be
used as broilers and friers.
Mr. Shipley established this business on the first day
of May of the current year. He started out with 100
baby chicks and a few days ago he sold out of the lot 38
chickens, eight and nine weeks old, that weighed 76
pounds, an average of two pounds each.
His plant is well worth looking over. It is modern in
every particular and equipped in such a way as to make
for the very best production of eatable chickens.
His plant is 50 feet long, 18 feet wide and six feet
high. It is divided into compartments large enough to
hold comfortably 100 chicks. The first two of these com-
partments are equipped with automatic electric brooders.
The baby chicks are placed in these upon arrival and
allowed to remain one week. They are then removed to
another compartment and so on until they have pro-
gressed eight or nine weeks when they are ready for
market. The chickens are never allowed on the ground
from the time they enter the plant until they are pur-
chased over the counter at Thomas'.Market, which takes
the entire output.
The most sanitary conditions prevail at this modern
chicken plant, and Mr. Thomas who handles the entire
product says the people who have used them are delighted
and will have no other kind of chickens when these are
As already stated, Mr. Shipley began his business May
1 of the present year, starting off with 100 baby chickens.
He now has over 600 and increasing each week the
number as he can enlarge his plant. He hopes to have
in a short time a plant that will enable him to dispose
of at least 1,000 weekly.
If you have not seen the Shipley chicken plant, you
are advised to do so at once. You will marvel at it and
at once want to go and do likewise.
TONS OF CATFISH IN POLK LAKES BEING
(Lakeland Ledger, July 2, 1929)
Lake Wales, July 20.-J. V. Carnes, wholesale shipper
of catfish, who recently came here from Jacksonville and
purchased a local market, is shipping dozens of barrels
of catfish from this city daily. Most of the shipments are
going to the middle west where this variety of fish de-
mand good prices. Several crews of fishermen are busy
every night seining the lakes in the eastern part of the
county, and their hauls are resulting in tons of these
fish being taken. The new industry is bringing consider-
able cash money into circulation in this community.
POULTRY BOOKLET ISSUED BY COUNTY
Chamber of Commerce Calls Attention to Vast
(Winter Garden Journal, July 25, 1929)
"Poultry Pays in Orange County Florida" is the name
of an attractive new folder just issued by the Orange
County Chamber of Commerce and being used in letters
going out to all parts of the United States and a dozen
other countries where there are folks who have answered
the advertisements about this county which have been
placed by the county organization.
This new folder calls attention to the fact that we
have a $13,000,000 market right at hand, for Florida con-
sumes $26,000,000 worth of poultry and eggs annually
and only produces $13,000,000 worth. When Florida has
been able to supply the demand for poultry alone it will
bring an additional revenue of $40,000 a day.
Orange county offers a most unusual opportunity to
the poultryman because of the equable climate, the
economy of production, the reasonable price of food, the
constant supply of green food, fair land prices, low costs
of housing birds, good markets and efficient marketing
of the poultry and eggs produced here.
The story of the organization of the Central Florida
Poultry Producers Cooperative Association and its effec-
tive work for the producer is told in this new folder,
as is also the story of comparative poultry producing
conditions in central Florida and elsewhere, showing con-
clusively the advantages of raising poultry in this favored
section. Attention is called to the fact that in ten years
the poultry production of Florida has increased from
$4,000,000 to $13,000,000 a year and that there is a
steady growth in this important industry and plenty of
room for those of experience and a little capital who are
willing to work industriously.
The folder says plainly that there is no opportunity
here for the man who has no resources of cash and
energy, but success awaits the people of the right sort.
(Milton Gazette, July 26, 1929)
The shipment of five carloads of pears from Milton
this week makes a new era in the fruit growing business
in this section of the state. Not only has a fine initial
start been made in shipping pears, but many hundreds
of crates of blueberries have also been shipped, local
berry growers having joined with the Crestview berry
growers in shipping a number of carloads, in addition to
the large number of express shipments that have been