U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
JULY 1, 1929
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dynamic Marketing .....
(Cantaloupes Prove Profitable ... ...... ... .......... ... .. ....
Modern Dairy Under Way in Frostproof Section ........ .
Fish Packing Plant Being Built Here ... .... .. ...
Grape Growers to Meet for Annual Session in Orlando........
Polk County Poultrymen Organize ..... ..... ... ...............
Fort White Section Shipping Hogs and Melons ....................
IDemand for Blueberries Holds Good.................. ..... .... ....
New Industry for Homestead Is Tile Plant ...... ..............
Tourist Round-Trip Fares to Florida Announced............
St. Lucie County Ideal for Cattle .................... ..... ..... ..
Big Sale of Cattle Made.... ............
Tampa Grows as Big Lumber Export Center .............
To Establish Moss-Buying Station Here ... ... ......
State Agricultural Heads Seek to Better Marketing .......
Berry Growers Get Good News ....... ........ ............... ......
5,000 Chicken Ranch Is Projected.. .. .. ....................
Growers Receive High Prices for Watermelon Crop .........
Alfred I. Dupont Gives His Opinion of Bay County...............
Tiny Potatoes Are Now Canned.......... ..........................
Carlot Shipments of Watermelons Begins This Week......
Glades Ships 1,600 Cars Vegetables in Season Now Ending..
Over 100 Men Are on Payroll at the Lake Helen Plant................
Growers Adopt Federal Grades for Fern Trade ..........................
Grten Citrus Fruit Oil Used for Cosmetics ......... .................
Dairymen Have Begun Filling Silos with Corn .............................
Agricultural Department Tells What May Be Grown ............
Florida's In m ense Clam B ed ...........................................
Cigar Output Reaches Peak of Year in May............................
Griffin Sees Unity Needed in Fight on Fly... .........................
Ten Carloads of Cattle Arrive in Hendry County .......
Importance of Tung Oil in Industry..... ..........................
F rom 1 Cow to 95 in 3-Year Period .................................... ........
New Sources Income To Be Stressed .. ...... ....
Florida Farm Values ........ .............
Housewives in Polk Canning Vegetables. .. .. ....... .............
Two Cars Melons Go from Perry ...............
Blueberries Grow W ell in Liberty County .. ...........................
Canning Tomatoes Gets Under Way at New Industrial Plant....
Rainey Favors Cold Plant for Rabbit Fryers....... .................
Tobacco Growers Begin Gathering Sun Tobacco ......................
Poultry Shipped from Florala Is Profitable ..........................
Raise Fine Corn N ear D unedin ..... ......................................
Heavy Breed Makes Better Record at Chipley...........................
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
i ARKETING began as soon as one per-
son had more than he wanted of
something which he claimed as his
own. Marketing methods have under-
gone changes along with changes in other lines
of development. However, it is evident that
marketing has not reached the point of effi-
ciency that has been reached in production,
transportation and commerce.
There is no static marketing. It is in its
very nature dynamic, but there are degrees of
activity, complexity and efficiency. We are in
need of the greatest possible dynamic force in
modern marketing means and methods.
Present-day conditions demand agencies
which collect information as to supply and de-
mand, and supply this information to both the
producer and the consumer. Ofttimes crops are
allowed to waste in the field when consumers
are paying a good price for the same character
of crops in the same state or nearby states. The
difficulty in keeping this machinery in operation
involves an expense which private parties will
not supply for the benefit of the public. Dealers
or commission men use such knowledge as they
possess to forward their own business. There-
forethe only agency that can be depended on
to collect and distribute this information must
be governmental. For that reason the Federal
government and State government have insti-
tuted marketing bureaus. The success of these
bureaus is in proportion to their efficiency in
meeting the definite requirements herein cited.
The purpose of the law passed by the last
legislature providing for the extension of the
operation of the State Marketing Bureau was
to help in the solution of the marketing prob-
lem. It is our task now to formulate plans for
putting into effect a service for organizing the
growers into groups and bringing information
to the groups as to markets and on producing,
grading, preparing for market, loading, ship-
ping and collecting for shipment. Information
as to the supply of a community can be ascer-
tained and as to the demand of the articles
needed. This information can be furnished to
the producer and consumer and then the buyer
and seller can be placed in communication with
each other. This has never been done on an
extensive scale and is worth trying out as a part
of the general project of better marketing. This
will be done in Florida as a means of helping
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
the people of the state find a market at home
for their products and a supply at home for
Mass production in the industries has demon-
strated the superiority of this method over old
methods. Mass merchandising has also made
great strides in recent years. We have as yet
only touched the rim of mass merchandising of
farm products. Dynamic marketing is the next
step in placing agriculture on a par with other
Cooperative marketing is possible only on a
scale large enough to cover the overhead ex-
pense necessary to conduct the organization
without lowering the net returns to the pro-
ducer as compared to individual selling. The
larger the business the lower the percentage of
expense for overhead. Unless producers adopt
mass marketing it will come about by dealers
purchasing at retail and feeding the market at
a regulated rate. The farmer cannot expect to
be served free. He must serve himself as does
the manufacturer in placing his goods on the
market through a sales organization of his own.
The unorganized are handicapped in competi-
tion with the organized. It is the hope of this
Department to furnish the same facilities to the
remote districts that are enjoyed by the thickly
populated vicinities by bringing them together
in group marketing.
Power is increased by the elimination of
waste the same as by the addition of force. The
elimination of lost motion is as much to be de-
sired as the lessening of friction in the business
Knowledge of supply cannot be had by the
individual consumer. Knowledge of markets
cannot be had by the individual producer. But
when the Federal government and the various
State governments cooperate to gather infor-
mation and disseminate it as to supply and de-
mand of the hundreds of agricultural products,
there should be a means devised by which this
information can reach the smallest producer
of farm products. It is the purpose of the
new project of the Department of Agriculture
through the State Marketing Bureau to offer
the means by which this link in the chain of
marketing service may be supplied.
Construction of the first unit of a factory for preserv-
ing of tropical fruits is under way at Homestead at the
experimental gardens of Dr. J. Peterson, tropical horti-
culturist and papaya grower. The factory will be owned
and operated by the Bonita Grove Products Company,
recently organized by Dr. Peterson with an authorized
capitalization of $500,000. Workmen are now laying
the concrete floor for the original unit which will be
twenty feet wide and fifty feet long. The main output
of the plant will be canned papayas, but other tropical
fruits grown in Bonita groves and elsewhere in the Red-
lands district will also be canned and preserved. Dr.
Peterson says he considers papayas nature's greatest gift
to mankind in the way of fruits, and it is the desire of
the company to see them have a place on the table of
every American family, according to the Homestead
CANTALOUPES PROVE PROFITABLE
Consolidated Land Company's Demonstration
Farm to Bring Many Colonists Here
(Hendry County News, June 6, 1929)
New impetus is given to the Consolidated Land Com-
pany's demonstration farm which is reported to be lead-
ing towards a colonization plan that will bring settlers
to Hendry county's thousands of fertile uninhabited acres.
The story of Alva's new agricultural industry-raising
cantaloupes-which has proven so successful on a small
scale near Alva, was published with interesting details
in Tuesday's Tropical News.
The story states that for four months' work on their
short acre plot the Morelands will collect about $500.
Before they finish picking they expect to sell some 5,000
pounds at 10 cents a pound. This is the price they set
for the local wholesale market and it is bound to hold
up because the demand exceeds the supply. The stores
sell the melons by the pound, at from 12 to 15 cents.
The margin is smaller than usual on perishables, but the
profit is certain because there is no waste. Every melon
is sound and good.
The Morelands started their experiment last season on
a half acre of rich land on the river, three miles west of
Alva, just opposite the Segrave place on the Palm Beach
boulevard. They cleared about $250 and learned a lot.
This year they advanced education with an acre as a
patch and they have already sold enough of their crop
to know that it is a paying proposition. Next year they
will plunge on a larger scale. Their place is a small
one, 12 acres in all, of which six or seven can be used for
cantaloupes. They will plant the limit and in addition
may have an interest in a much larger operation, which
the Consolidated Land Company is figuring on up the
river near Fort Denaud.
Wide Market Awaits
In the two seasons they have been at it the Morelands
have demonstrated that they can grow a crop and local
demand has convinced them that a wide market awaits
their product. With Fort Myers supplied by increased
acreage they can confidently turn to Tampa, Miami and
Jacksonville wholesalers and to a good market in the
state. But beyond Florida even better things beckon.
This year the first cantaloupe reached the New York
dealers on May 19, a week after the Morelands had their
first picking in the Fort Myers stores, and the wholesale
price in the north was $15 a crate. The Moreland melons
run 50 to 60 pounds to the crate or $5 to $6 net to the
growers at the price they have been selling here. At 10
cents a pound there is a fair profit; at $15 a crate by
shipping in carload lots there is riches.
The Morelands have also been promised an outlet in
the Seaboard dining car service as soon as they can get
sufficient production to supply the demand. The Sea-
board people are watching the Alva experiment with in-
terest as is Paul Hayman, county agent.
FLORIDA REVIEW 8
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO.............. Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ........ ... Director Bureau of Immigration
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 4 JULY 1, 1929 No. 3
MODERN DAIRY UNDER WAY IN FROST-
(Plant City Courier, June 7, 1929)
Frostproof.-W. R. Sullivan is opening a modern dairy
plant here with a herd of pure bred Jersey cows. The
machinery for the dairy has not arrived, but it is said
plans call for the latest machinery from the barn to the
bottle. Cooling machines, separators and bottle washing
equipment will be installed as soon as it arrives from the
factory. The barns are new and have concrete floors
with drains and are thoroughly screened. The products
will be sold locally.
FISH PACKING PLANT BEING BUILT HERE
(Tarpon Springs Leader, June 7, 1929)
With the shipment yesterday of 110 pounds of fillet of
grouper, caught, prepared, wrapped and frozen here, a
new industry had its inception in Tarpon Springs. This
shipment, while small, is but the beginning of an industry
whose only limit will be gauged by the amount of fish
Representatives of a refrigeration concern of Jackson-
ville were here this week making the necessary measure-
ments for a five-ton cold storage plant, capable of lower-
ing the temperature to five degrees below zero, which is
expected to arrive for installation next week. The plant
will be operated by electric power.
R. E. Gause, proprietor of the Gause Fish Company,
with years of experience in the catching and handling
of fish of all kinds, and E. H. Trebes, of Tampa, who has
been similarly engaged in that city, have formed a
copartnership to handle the product which the latter has
been preparing for some time. His business had grown
to such proportions that a source of supply greater than
he had was necessary and his coming to Tarpon Springs
resulted. Mr. Trebes is known to many Tarponites, hav-
ing been foreman on the first road paving in Pinellas
Mr. Trebes states that he has orders calling for 5,000
pounds of fish fillets a week from the various chain
groceries operating in Tampa. That amount of fillets
will require about 12,000 pounds of fresh fish, as the
110 pounds shipped yesterday required 275 pounds of
fresh fish to produce. The refuse from this is very valu-
able fertilizing material and the firm will endeavor to
sell that to citrus growers and truckers near by.
The process consists of taking only the best part of
the fish, removing every bit of skin, bone, etc., leaving
nothing except clear meat. This is cut into one-pound
pieces which are immersed in iced brine for 20 minutes,
then go to the cooling plant, then into the freezing
chamber. The fillets are then wrapped in waxed paper,
packed in cardboard cartons, or the larger shipments in
tin containers, and are shipped to the distributors.
All kinds of fish will be packed with grouper and
snapper predominating. The only difficulty now, accord-
ing to Mr. Gause, is getting enough fish to fill the orders
they have. Already seven fishermen are engaged in
supplying the Gause company, but Mr. Gause states that
he will require more than double that number of fishing
boats. Several others are being fitted up now to go out
With the installation of the freezing plant, which will
be within a few days, Mr. Gauze states he will be able
to handle all the fish offered him, and to fill all orders on
hand will require from ten to a dozen men at the plant
at all times. The plant is to be installed at the present
plant of the Gause Fish Company, on the banks of the
Anclote, near the foot of Athens street.
GRAPE GROWERS TO MEET FOR ANNUAL
SESSION IN ORLANDO ON JUNE 27-28
(Vero Beach Journal, June 11, 1929)
C. R. Hiatt, secretary of the Florida Grape Growers
Association, has sent in the following program of the
fourteenth annual meeting of the Florida Grape Growers
Association. It will be held at Orlando June 27-28, 1929.
Thursday, June 27-10:30 A. M.
Address of Welcome-James L. Giles, mayor of Or-
Response-E. L. Lord, president Florida Grape Grow-
Address-Karl Lehmann, secretary Orange County C.
Address-Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture.
2:00 P. M.
Commercial and Economic Importance of the Florida
Grape Industry-L. M. Rhodes, Commissioner of Markets.
Business session of the State Grape Growers Associa-
7:00 P. M.
Annual banquet-Karl Lehmann in charge.
Friday, June 28-9:30 A. M.
Mediterranean Fruit Fly Eradication Work-Member
Protective Measures Applicable to the Grape Indus-
try-Dr. F. E. Camp.
Economic Fertilization Through Use of Crotolaria-
Prof. E. L. Lord.
Grape By-Products and Processing-Isabelle Thursby.
2:00 P. M.
Review of the Last Decade of the Grape Industry-
E. E. Truskett.
Disease and Insect Control of Grapes-Dr. A. Rhodes.
Experimental Work with Grapes-Lawrence Stover.
Some Conclusions from Experimental Work-Dr. Chas.
Grape Growing in West Florida-W. M. Pope.
There will be a great two-days meeting of "grape
H. F. Stoll, editor of the California Grape Grower,
writes that he has just had a great visit with Mr. Pope.
So that Mr. Pope, from West Florida vineyards, and as a
result of his tour of the California vineyards, may be
expected to make some comparisons of west Florida with
the big California districts.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
POLK COUNTY POULTRYMEN ORGANIZE
(Haines City Herald, June 6, 1929)
Polk county poultrymen are organizing a new county-
wide cooperative association under the leadership of
Julian Langner, formerly assistant to the state market
director of California and organizer of the Central
Florida Poultry Producers Cooperative Association. The
Polk county association will affiliate with the central
association which is already recognized in egg circles as
one of the outstanding successes of cooperative market-
ing in the south.
In explaining the new association to Polk county
poultrymen, Mr. Langner said that the reason for failure
in the past was largely due to the fact that each county
in Florida organized independent local associations, none
of which were large enough to operate effectively and
all of them competing with each other for the same
markets. He pointed out at the mass meeting of poultry-
men held at Bartow that the success of the Pacific coast
association, particularly that of the Petaluma poultry-
men of which he was one of the organizers, was due, first,
to the system under which they were organized, and
second, to the financial operations which they were able
to carry on, because of the system under which they were
organized, and last, because of the highly efficient man-
agement hired by the association.
Poultrymen are now organizing their industry, he
says, instead of organizing localities. This principle was
first discovered on the Pacific coast. It not only elimi-
nates competition among the individual producers but
it permits of perfect standardization throughout the
entire marketing territory, and second, operations like
the Central Florida Cooperative Association with its
seven affiliated county operations are able to finance all
of their operations within themselves or through bank-
ing connections. The Central Florida has unlimited
credit facilities through which it can handle the financing
of its own eggs. It returns to all the members of the
affiliated associations the full resale price it receives for
eggs, less the cost of handling, on an average of 3%
days after the eggs are received from the members. The
cost of operation is reduced for all members as the
volume of the association increases.
The Central Florida Association, with which the Polk
county men are affiliating, operates its own packing
houses and packs the eggs of its members, candles and
grades them and packs in new cases and fillers and has
all eggs sold for weeks to come at substantial premiums
over the Jacksonville and Tampa market prices. No
sales have been made by the association since it com-
menced operations at less than 32c a dozen for standard
The manager of the association is C. R. Ryan, formerly
southern produce manager for Armour & Company.
Here again, the Central Florida Association has taken a
leaf out of the books of the Pacific Coast associations
and hired a man who is thoroughly familiar with the
selling of eggs. The association, through efficient man-
agement, on the first day it commenced business, took an
order for 2,500 cases of eggs and it made a contract with
Swift & Co. for one year to buy not less than 100 cases
of eggs a week, said Mr. Langner. Orders for from two
to three cars of eggs a day are being received by the
Central Florida Association from large buyers in Florida,
who are offering premiums for the standard pack of the
The association is a pure cooperative, absolutely non-
profit in operation and returning the full resale price of
eggs to its members, less only the actual cost of operation.
Polk county poultrymen will hold a series of meetings
which will be attended by Mr. Langner at Bartow, Winter
Haven, Auburndale, Lakeland and Haines City.
FORT WHITE SECTION SHIPPING HOGS
Large Number of Hogs Have Been Shipped to
(Lake City Reporter, June 7, 1929)
With large shipments of watermelons expected within
a few days, and shipments of hogs, Fort White seems
to be the agricultural center of the county.
A total of about fifty cars of hogs have been shipped
this season from the little city, all of which brought good
prices, and growers expect to ship something like thirty-
five cars of watermelons, the shipping season beginning
The turkey crop in and around Fort White bids fair
to be extra good this year. Large numbers of these
Christmas and Thanksgiving delicacies are shipped each
year from this section.
Crops generally are looking good, and the rains have
been a great help in this locality.
Fort White is one of the most prosperous agricultural
sections of the state, and its citizenship is composed of
hustlers who make things boom.
DEMAND FOR BLUEBERRIES HOLDS GOOD
(Okaloosa News-Journal, June 7, 1929)
The representative of the News-Journal called on the
manager of Producers' Association today, in regard to
the outlook, prices and condition'of the berries when they
arrived at the market.
He stated that the association has access to more mar-
kets than ever before and there seems to be an increased
interest in the blueberries from this territory. He has
received several wires from different markets anxious
to handle the berries. These dealers say in their letters
that they have handled huckleberries from North Caro-
lina to Maine, and the Rabbit Eye blueberry is larger and
better than any other berry of its kind. The manager
is doing his best to give the berry more advertising and
get it on more markets.
The price is holding up good and the association is
trying to get enough berries to begin in carlots next
week. The earlier cars begin to roll the better it will be
for the grower. He believes and is hoping to have the
cooperation of all the growers of this section so that car
shipments will begin at once.
He gives this further advice to the growers: "Spread
out the berries on cloth in thin layers after picking and
before packing so the berries can go through a sweat
before being packed. The berries are hot after being
picked and by letting the air go through them before
packing, gives them an opportunity to dry out. The
berries that are reported wet on the market are caused
by sweating while in the crates on their way to market.
To do this will hold up prices and the berries will reach
destination in better shape, so please let the air dry the
berries before packing if possible.
The association is doing its best to maintain good
market facilities by keeping in touch with markets by
wire and letter.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
NEW INDUSTRY FOR HOMESTEAD. IS TILE
Factory Eight Miles Out of Town to Employ
(Miami News, June 9, 1929)
Another industry, employing in the beginning about
forty men, is now assured for the Redland district by
the tile factory of M. Ponce, now nearing completion at
Black Point, about eight miles north of Homestead.
The factory, which will specialize in the manufacture
of Spanish tile roofing, is being built 200 by 400 feet,
with a floor plan that provides for expansion as business
increases. A baking kiln with a capacity of 15,000 tiles
has been installed, and mixing machinery, moulds and
drying racks will be in place within a few days, ready for
the first large order, which is for 250,000 hand-made
roofing tiles for the roof of the Cloister Club at Boca
Various mixtures of Georgia clay from Mr. Ponce's
properties in that state will be blended to produce the
multi-colored effects noticeable in this type of roofing.
Other by-products, such as floor tiles and clay piping, will
also be manufactured in the Black Point plant.
Mr. Ponce, who has a similar factory in Miami, started
work on this branch plant just before the 1926 hurricane,
which demolished the building when it was about half
finished and caused him to abandon the project tempor-
arily. The fact that he is now going ahead with his
original plan and has a market assured far in advance of
the opening date of the factory, is sufficient indication of
improved business conditions and faith in the future
prosperity of the section, he maintains.
TOURIST ROUND-TRIP FARES TO FLORIDA
(St. Cloud Tribune, June 6, 1929)
Concessions in the way of rates for tourists to Florida
next winter far beyond the hopes of the most persistent
seekers of rate reductions have been decided upon by the
Southeastern Passenger Association, the Florida State
Chamber of Commerce announces. The Chamber charac-
terizes the decision as the most important in a generation
so far as Florida's winter tourist business is concerned.
From October 15 to November 30, inclusive, the rail-
roads will operate daily, one way, coach excursions to
Florida from St. Louis, Memphis, Ohio and Potomac gate-
ways, selling a one-way ticket on the basis of seventy-five
per cent of the regular one-way fare. From May 15 to
May 31, 1930, the same excursion will be operated from
Florida north on the same fare basis.
The importance of rate concession is not difficult to
realize when it is remembered that the winter excursion
rates have never applied south of Jacksonville, says the
Chamber. A concession of one fare plus eighty per cent
from the point of departure to Jacksonville for the round
trip, but south of Jacksonville has been paying the full
local rate. His actual saving on a round-trip ticket be-
tween his home and Jacksonville, therefore, has been only
ten per cent, and nothing south of this city.
The coach rate to become effective next fall will mean
a saving of twenty-five per cent between the gateway and
the Florida destination, whether it be Jacksonville or a
point in southern Florida. It will be unnecessary to pur-
chase a round-trip ticket to reap the benefit of the say-
ing, because the reduction applies one way. The tourist,
therefore, will be able to come to Florida by one route
and return by another, if he chooses, if he makes the
journey between certain dates.
The effect of the rate, says the chamber, will be to
bring thousands to Florida earlier than usual next fall
and they will remain in the state longer.
The Southeastern Passenger Association has advised
the State Chamber it is negotiating with lines beyond the
Ohio and Potomac gateways to participate in the rate.
Whether it will be successful is not indicated, but it is
significant that it will apply from St. Louis, in the heart
of the Middle West, and it does not seem unreasonable
to expect that the other lines in that territory will be
forced to meet it in self-defense.
ST. LUCIE COUNTY IDEAL FOR CATTLE,
GEORGIA STATE VETERINARIAN
(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, June 7, 1929)
St. Lucie county possesses ideal conditions for dairying
and cattle raising, in the opinion of Dr. Mack Sutton,
state veterinarian of Georgia, who was a visitor here yes-
terday as the guest of his old friend, Attorney G. R.
Dr. Sutton's observation to this effect was expressed
after a motor trip through the county, during which he
expressed surprise at the many evidences of growth and
development along agricultural and other lines since his
last visit here several years ago.
Eradication of the cattle tick would be the first essen-
tial to successful cattle raising and dairying, Dr. Sutton
declared. He said that in Georgia a great improvement
had resulted in the cattle business since the eradication
of the tick. Pure-bred stock is another requisite, he
St. Lucie county's climatic conditions and the possi-
bility of home-grown feeds should combine to make the
cattle industry and its allied lines one of the great poten-
tial developments of the county, Dr. Sutton declared.
Dr. Sutton was here en route to Kissimmee to confer
with officials of the Atlantic Coast Line Railway and
Florida veterinary officials relative to inspection of cattle
dipping vats and arrangements for shipping cattle at that
point. He was accompanied by W. C. Forehand, prose-
cuting attorney of Worth county, Georgia, who was also
a guest of Mr. Nottingham. Mr. Forehand was en route
to Lake Worth to inspect some properties there.
BIG SALE OF CATTLE MADE
Raulerson Company Sells 1220 Head to Texas
(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, June 7, 1929)
Sale of 1,220 head of cattle has been made by the
Raulerson Cattle Company to B. H. Little of Sherman,
Texas, according to C. F. Raulerson of this city, presi-
dent of the company.
The cattle, which were raised in Okeechobee county
and comprised one to three-year-olds, are now in the
clearing station at Kissimmee in preparation for ship-
ment to Texas for fattening, Mr. Raulerson said.
The Raulerson Cattle Company at the time of its or-
ganization purchased the entire herd of Miller Bros.
ranch in Okeechobee county.
TAMPA GROWS AS BIG LUMBER EXPORT
Six Ships Load Pine-Tonnage Increasing
(Tampa Tribune, June 9, 1929)
With booms swinging across each of Tampa's three
lumber terminals filling the holds of six freighters with
Florida pine, tonnage figures and export records are
being smashed to pieces and the city is becoming recog-
nized as one of the greatest lumber shipping centers in
the entire country.
Florida mills are finding export through Tampa an
excellent way to stabilize an otherwise quiet market, they
say, and shipment of their surplus stock to foreign ports
is bringing benefits to every lumber town on the penin-
sula. Nearly all the lumber leaving here now is from
the Kissimmee river territory between Orlando and Okee-
chobee. More than 6,200,000 feet was exported last
Heaviest shipments are made to Argentina, with Ger-
many second and England third. Smaller quantities go
to the West Indies, Spain and Italy.
Ships Make Circle
The most common course of a freighter leaving here is
to load lumber for Buenos Aires, where it takes on beef
or wheat for Europe and there loads manufactured goods
for the United States at New York, coming then to Flor-
ida in ballast to repeat the circle. Few steamers sail
from Argentina direct to the United States.
Ships now loading include the Mar Caribe, Spanish,
at the municipal terminal, Fillette, Green & Company,
agents; the Lake Ormac, one of the war emergency ships
purchased and operated by Henry Ford, at the Kriess
terminal, where the schooner Harold C. Foss also has
been loading; the Dutch ship Celaeno, the Italian Val-
larsa and British schooner Rubens, at the Dantzler ter-
Exporters of Florida pine are looking forward to the
New York, Rio and Buenos Aires air line to bring their
operations 17 days nearer their developing lumber mar-
kets in the River Platte territory of South America,
giving trade advantages of tremendous importance to
Tampa shippers, according to L. N. Dantzler, Jr., Argen-
tina's vice-consul here, and vice-president of a Tampa
Manifests Go Quicker
"When sales manifests reach Buenos Aires in a week
instead of the 24 days now required, we will develop a
business efficiency with our South American customers
that will be a great factor in defeating competition from
other parts of the world," Mr. Dantzler said. "The air
lines that have designated Tampa their port of entry from
South America will be a big thing for this city's export
"Cablegrams at 50 cents a word can be supplemented
by quick mail costing probably about a dollar for half
an ounce. Sales information can be sent in detail, there
will be no misunderstanding with our agents, and there
will be a big cash saving of interest on payments for
lumber cargoes. There is a bright future for Tampa's
increasing lumber export business, and now it is brighter
"Lumber exports have helped to stabilize the industry
when the American market is quiet, and every lumber
town in the state will be benefited by this closer relation-
ship the air lines are to give us. They are looking more
to Florida for lumber as other gulf coast states are
cutting out. The supply here will last at least ten years,
then there will probably be a let-up until second-growth
pine comes in several years later. I believe more atten-
tion should be paid to reforestation."
New Markets Available
Mr. Dantzler believes that closer and more efficient
business dealings through air mail would be a means of
opening up markets for Florida's increasing list of manu-
He had just sent a list of products made in Tampa,
supplied him by the Chamber of Commerce, to officials
in Argentina to inquire for possible sales openings. Ships
loaded with Florida lumber could handle other merchan-
dise to advantage and give direct factory connection from
here, with once-a-week mail service to maintain efficient
accounting and sales explanations.
Edward H. Robertson, agent for the big Italian
freighter Vallarsa now loading lumber at the Dantzler
dock for Montevidio and Buenos Aires, voiced the same
optimistic opinion that lumber exports from Florida were
due to show a continuous rise for several years, and he
believed air connection would give Tampa shippers an
advantage over present competitors from Czecho Slovaka
who lowered market prices with large quantities of poor
pine lumber shipped into the river Platte area.
The third and probably closest rival to Florida in Ar-
gentina is the California fir lumber shipper, and a closer
relationship also would help in winning markets from the
Pacific coast states, he said.
TO ESTABLISH MOSS-BUYING STATION
Gainesville Firm Ready to Open Station if Moss
(Citrus County Chronicle, June 7, 1929)
In connection with the article in last week's Chronicle
regarding the proposed moss factory for Inverness, the
Vego Hair Manufacturing Company, of Gainesville, has
written W. A. Allen the following letter:
The Allen Lumber Company,
It will perhaps be of interest to you to know that we
are thinking of starting a moss-buying station in Inver-
ness. Our buyer would come to Inverness once each week
to buy all obtainable moss and pay the producer cash
at the station.
This would bring in from $500 to $1,000 per week to
Inverness, and would mean a great deal to the business
institutions of your city, as it would add that much new
money to the business channels each week.
We would thank you very much to give this letter pub-
licity and tell the people to start picking moss at once
and cure it so there will be some for the buyer when he
comes. It will probably be July 1st before we could start
sending out our buyer.
Thanking you for your interest in this matter, we are,
Very truly yours,
Vego Hair Manufacturing Co.
As stated last week there is plenty of moss in the In-
verness section and this seems to be a good proposition
for those in a position to furnish the company with cured
moss. It is understood the moss has to be gathered and
dryed thoroughly before it will be bought, and it is hoped
this company will establish such a station here in the
very near future.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
STATE AGRICULTURAL HEADS SEEK TO
Mayo and Rhodes Propose Tour to Study Im-
(Times-Union, June 12, 1929)
Florida should feed itself.
With that slogan as the battle cry for the organization
work, the machinery is being set into motion by Commis-
sioner of Agriculture Nathan Mayo and State Marketing
Commissioner L. M. Rhodes for the expansion of the
State Marketing Bureau activities under the provisions
of the legislative enactment by the recent regular session
of the state solons.
The two commissioners talked things over yesterday,
laying the preliminary plans for the projected three
weeks' motor tour through the Carolinas, Virginia, the
District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and New
York, during which the two experts will study at close
range some of the recent and progressive marketing
methods carried on in those states in the marketing of
livestock and dairy and poultry products. They expect
to leave Jacksonville on the tour about June 24, Com-
missioner Rhodes announced yesterday.
Will Add Specialists
Under the legislative authority, the marketing bureau
will have four specialists added to the present efficient
staff, experts on poultry, dairying, livestock and general
farming, and fruit and truck. The law sets up the facili-
ties, as viewed by Commissioner Rhodes, for every agri-
cultural and horticultural industry in the state to have
every assistance from the United States bureau of agri-
cultural economics, of the State Marketing Bureau, of
the State Department of Agriculture, of the State Agri-
cultural College and of the experiment and extension
departments of the latter institution, as to standardiza-
tion, grading, processing, assembling and marketing of
"Faced particularly with the Mediterranean fruit fly
invasion, Florida has got to arise to the emergency,"
Commissioner Rhodes commented. "The state is not pro-
ducing one-half of its food products. For the 1924-27
period, inclusive, Florida increased its livestock produc-
tion from $3,202,375 to $5,885,594, or nearly 84 per
cent, but we are still buying $48,000,000 worth of meats
and fats annually. For the same period the production
of dairy products in the state increased from $7,089,817
to $12,619,319, or nearly 78 per cent, but the annual
purchase out of the state of dairy products for use here
is $22,000,000. As to poultry products, for the same
period, an increase of nearly 68 per cent was seen as the
production jumped from $7,650,729 to $11,720,087, and
still the out of state purchase runs into $12,000,000 an-
nually. In the field crops angle of the situation the in-
crease for the period was approximately 8 per cent from
$14,765,739 to $16,036,000, but we are still buying grain,
hays and other feeds and foods at the rate of $45,000,000
annually. The increase in fruit and truck for the same
period has been about 100 per cent.
Development Is Need
"Twentieth century civilization demands money all the
time, both in the farm family and in the home. The
state has got to develop its agricultural resources, so
that the farmers can have paying crops at all seasons of
"The total farm income last year was $135,347,019,
while $127,000,000 was spent out of the state for foods,
grains and feeds that ought to be raised here.
"We won't be able to revolutionize the state agricul-
tural status in a day, but we are going to do our best to
initiate a movement looking toward the placing of the
state on a diversified agricultural and horticultural basis.
We certainly ought to be producing at least $50,000,000
or $75,000,000 of the materials we are now buying, and
that would send the farm income of the state annually
beyond the $200,000,000 mark."
Commissioner Rhodes announced that the plan to be
used by the bureau includes the seeking of assistance and
cooperation from the various chambers of commerce
throughout the state, the banks, the civic organizations
and other groups of persons vitally interested in the
development of Florida.
In connection with the expansion plan the bureau,
which since its creation twelve years ago has been operat-
ing from offices in the St. James building here, will have
about double the amount of the present office space,
Commissioner Rhodes' announcement continued. The
bureau will take over another of the building's second
floor offices, the plan being to combine the two into com-
modious quarters about July 15.
BERRY GROWERS GET GOOD NEWS
No Restrictions as to Preparing for Next Win-
ter's Crop-Crews Are Busy
(Lakeland Ledger, June 10, 1929)
Strawberry growers may proceed with their plantings
for winter and early spring crops without violating any
rules or regulations of the State Plant Board or federal
quarantine authorities, according to information received
today by E. R. Bliss, in charge of the information bureau
at the Lakeland chamber of commerce. Since berries
will mature during the winter season, there is no reason
for expecting any action that would prevent the market-
ing of the fruit.
This has been the question uppermost in the minds of
growers in this territory and will be received with more
than general interest by the public at large. The crop
in this section last year amounted to more than a million
dollars and is one of the most valuable crops grown in
5,000 CHICKEN RANCH IS PROJECTED
(Miami News, June 9, 1929)
Plans for a 5,000 chicken ranch as an adjunct to the
truck irrigation project of the Seminole Farms Co. at
Ritta, five miles east of Clewiston, are being made. The
truck irrigation farm of the Seminole Farms Co. at Ritta
includes 155 acres, 100 of which have been plowed and
prepared for truck farming. A system of overhead irri-
gation is to be used on this tract.
John K. Mowry, formerly of St. Louis, is resident
manager. Mr. Mowry expects to make a complete survey
of the different farms and farming methods in Florida.
He will spend next week in Gainesville, where he will go
over the work of the experimental station of the Univer-
sity of Florida.
C. J. Gonterman, stockholder of this concern, is a resi-
dent of St. Louis. He was located in Clewiston last
winter and has made a number of trips through this
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
GROWERS RECEIVE HIGH PRICES FOR
Average of $400 Per Car Has Been Maintained.
Peak of Season Reached in
(Lake City Reporter, June 7, 1929)
Leesburg, June 6.-Despite the reduced yield of
watermelons on many fields in the Leesburg district, due
to the fungus and insect enemies, it is now believed that
the 1929 crop will return the growers as a whole more
money than they received for their last year's production.
Prices are holding up remarkably well and are mate-
rially higher than at the corresponding period of last
With total of shipment from Florida for the season
now aggregating over 2,500 carloads, about three-fourths
of which have gone out from the Leesburg district, it is
evident that the peak has been reached in the shipment
of early melons.
Lake and the adjoining counties, marketing their water-
melon output principally through buyers located at Lees-
burg, during the 1928 season shipped a little less than
This season's production, in the same area, will hardly
exceed 3,500 cars, according to the estimates of informed
watermelon men, much of the acreage failing to produce
a good crop.
Last year's acreage price is understood to have been
between $250 and $300 a car. Up to the present time
the current season's average is generally estimated as
close to $400.
Leesburg district shipments were expected to continue
for two weeks longer, after a few days becoming con-
ALFRED I. DUPONT GIVES HIS OPINION
OF BAY COUNTY
(Panama City Pilot, April 18, 1929)
From a standpoint of natural beauty, adaptability and
attractiveness as a residential, resort, recreational, health
or sports center, Panama City is unexcelled, and for these
reasons alone it is destined to grow and develop rapidly.
But important and valuable as they are, it was not only
these things which first attracted and prompted my asso-
ciates and me to become interested in the city and the
St. Andrews Bay section.
We gave first thought to the possibilities for industrial
and commercial development, by virtue of location, port
facilities, both natural and probable, and climate, all
being backed up by an ample supply of rich agricultural
lands in the immediate vicinity. These, plus ambition,
energy and civic pride are the foundation stones of the
future Panama City.
The location is ideal, being on a direct line between
the Panama Canal and the most populous industrial cen-
ters of the United States, providing, probably, the shortest
water and rail haul between South America and the
interior of our own country.
An ample supply of cheap coal is available nearby in
Alabama. Large cities within a day's travel provide
markets for almost any manufactured product and the
same territory is stocked with an abundant supply of the
best American labor.
St. Andrews Bay is one of the best natural harbors in
the world and possesses ample depth and space for un-
limited bottoms. The climate is well nigh perfect for
maximum industrial efficiency and the most ideal living
conditions. By escaping the extremes of heat and cold
in more northern locations, employers of labor would un-
doubtedly realize an immediate return in increased
Immediately adjacent to Panama City are ample
acres of rich farm lands capable of producing almost
any variety of crop necessary to cheaply feed a large
These things influence and govern the growth of a
city and by the same token I predict a wonderful future
for Panama City. The improvements which are now be-
ing completed in highway and railroad transportation
facilities will cause an influx of new residents in greater
numbers than ever before and among these are always
some who materially add to the more substantial up-
building of a community. Panama City is now at the
beginning of a new and more rapid era of progress and
prosperity. My faith in these facts has been frequently
proven by our substantial investments in the properties
and securities of Panama City and Bay county. It has
been a matter of natural consequence that so young a
section should here and there give occasional evidence
of "growing pains," but these have never in the least
disturbed me. I am proud of the past achievements of
this section, and look forward with every confidence to a
great and glorious future for it.
Should the occasion arise I shall again be happy to
avail myself of the privilege and benefits of further in-
vestments in this most promising territory.
TINY POTATOES ARE NOW CANNED
For Years Small Spuds Have Had Little or No
(St. Petersburg Times, June 9, 1929)
Bunnell, June 8.-(A. P.)-Irish potatoes have been
added to the long list of canned foodstuffs available to
the tourist, the busy housewife, and the ever-increasing
habitues of the kitchenette.
For years small potatoes, too tiny to have a market
value, have been thrown away in this and other potato
growing states. Producers and shippers have attempted
to find some use for the culls, but no satisfactory method
was worked out until D. W. Tungate, a California
chemist, announced his formula for canned potatoes this
Tungate says he experimented 18 months, delving into
all branches of the canning industry before he met suc-
cess. He was aided financially by A. D. Zackary of San-
ford, Fla., who became interested in his process. They
built a small factory near Bunnell last year and have
averaged 250 cases of canned potatoes daily since opera-
tions started April 15.
The local cannery will be operated three months each
year during the harvest of the Florida crop. Tungate
says other canneries are to be built in North Carolina,
South Carolina, and Virginia, and will be operated dur-
ing the harvest seasons there.
Tungate explains that most of the work in canning
potatoes is done with machinery which removes the skins
without bruising the potatoes. They pass on through a
preserving solution and steam cookers and are canned.
The cost of potatoes and the canning process is said to
be so small that the produce can be marketed at a nom-
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
CARLOT SHIPMENTS OF WATERMELONS
BEGINS THIS WEEK
(Enterprise Recorder, June 7, 1929)
Madison county watermelons are already appearing on
the local market and by the last of the week carlot ship-
ments will go forward, according to reports from local
It is estimated that one hundred car loads will go
forward from Madison, fifty from Hanson and one hun-
dred and twenty-five car loads from Pinetta during the
Weather conditions for the crop have been almost ideal
this season, and the quality of the melons is expected to
be better than in previous years.
The acreage in Madison county is smaller than last
year, but the price outlook is said to be better.
Mr. Harris of the Georgia & Florida railroad states
that arrangements have been made for handling the ship-
ments, which are expected to be heaviest about the middle
D. H. Mays, who states he has the finest crop grown
in years, expects to ship several car loads Monday.
Two car loads moved from Pinetta this week, and it is
expected that ten car loads will be ready for shipment by
GLADES SHIPS 1,600 CARS VEGETABLES
IN SEASON NOW ENDING
Section Prosperous, as Indicated by Reports on
(Palm Beach Post, June 10, 1929)
Although the total movement of fresh vegetables from
the upper Everglades this spring was only three-fourths
of the shipments in a similar period last year, bank de-
posits in the territory reached the highest point in their
history, says the Everglades News of Canal Point. Not
only have banks had more money on deposit than ever
before but more people have money than ever before.
Individual farmers have made more money in other years
when they were favored by weather and market condi-
tions, but other farmers in the same season did not fare
The situation of the agricultural communities in the
upper Everglades as seen by discerning residents is that
more money is in the territory and it is more evenly
divided. Crop yields were only fair and in some in-
stances poor and market prices on vegetables never
reached the high levels as in past seasons. During the
latter part of the shipping season prices on vegetables
reached so low a price that farmers ceased picking vege-
tables for shipping and left them in the fields.
The explanation of the present prosperous condition in
spite of only a fair season is that most all farmers who
farmed through the entire cropping season raised, har-
vested and sold their vegetables at fair prices. No
"killings" were made, neither were there any heavy losses
From figures furnished by C. R. Phillips, division
freight agent of the Florida East Coast Railway, West
Palm Beach, shipments from eight stations in this terri-
tory from Port Mayaca, nine miles north of Canal Point
to Belle Glade-Chosen at the south end of Lake Okee-
chobee, totaled 1,646 carlot shipments in the period from
January 1 to June 1, 1929. This is 691 cars less than
was shipped in a similar period last year when 2,337 cars
rolled to northern markets. Of the total shipments this
year only 246 cars of tomatoes were forwarded as com-
pared to 520 last year, a decrease of more than 50 per
cent. The decrease in shipment of beans and other vege-
tables this year was less than 25 per cent when 1,400
cars rolled as compared to 1,817 last year.
The larger percentage of decrease in shipment of to-
matoes was caused by lack of rain in the south shore
The tomato crop was also short on the southeast side
of the lake, only 55 cars having been forwarded through
the Atlantic Coast Line office at Clewiston.
Mixed cars of vegetables have been received by the
market with favor and farmers will more and more pur-
sue this method of distributing their vegetables over a
wide range of markets.
OVER 100 MEN ARE ON PAYROLL AT THE
LAKE HELEN PLANT
Timber From Newly Acquired Tract in Orange
County-Make 65-Mile Haul
(DeLand News, June 10, 1929)
The seven o'clock whistle this morning called to work
about 100 workers in the Bond-Booker Lumber Company
plant in Lake Helen. The wheels of the big saw mill
were gritting and grinding once more after a lapse of
many months. To be exact, it was on the last day of
August last year that the large mill shut down. Seven-
teen flat-car loads of logs were unloaded in the mill
It had only been operated for a few months since the
new partnership of Bond-Booker was organized, con-
tinuing where the E. W. Bond Lumber Company left off.
Up until this time-Aug. 31st-the mill was only deal-
ing in pine and, according to reports, the pine tract was
all cleared off. It was said at the time that negotiations
were under way to purchase a large tract of timber near
Orlando and rumors gave one to understand that the
large plant was going to be removed to Bithlo, closer to
In January it was learned that the holding company
in Jacksonville had purchased a large tract of timber in
Orange county and preparations were to be made for the
Lake Helen mill to prepare the timber. At that time it
was reported that the mill would start sometime in
February. However, the officials had not been idling
between then and now, but rushed plans through whereby
the mill would begin operations as soon as possible.
Cypress lumber, which is stacked up in the lumber
yards, is being shipped as quickly as the cars are being
filled by laborers and the planing mill has been running
for several months in an attempt to get all cypress timber
aside for the coming pine.
That the officials mean to locate here for many, many
years to come is indicated by the fact that they have
renovated the mill in Lake Helen and expended a large
sum of money in new parts and equipment. A large
crane or derrick, purchased some time ago, and a huge
locomotive and many flat cars for hauling timber from
the camp near Bithlo, about 65 miles away, secured from
the Florida East Coast railroad, are among the new in-
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
GROWERS ADOPT FEDERAL GRADES FOR
Langner Sees Step as Help for Plumosus In-
(Orlando Sentinel, May 29, 1929)
Leading Florida plumosus growers yesterday adopted
United States Standard grades for plumosus at an all-
day conference held with W. A. Leigh of the United
States Bureau of Agricultural Economics at the Orlando
Chamber of Commerce.
Julian Langner, cooperative marketing specialist, was
chairman of the meeting, which was called by the new
Florida Plumosus Growers Cooperative Association now
being organized under his direction.
"The adoption of United States Standard Grades by
the plumosus growers and the members of this associa-
tion, which already represents nearly one-half of the
state industry, is perhaps the greatest forward step ever
taken by the growers," Mr. Langner said last night.
"Florida plumosus is shipped to every state in the
Union except the Pacific Coast states. Every one of the
five hundred growers in the state have hitherto been
shipping their own personal idea of what is a good grade
and they have used twenty-three different packages to
ship the same commodity to these various markets.
"Until an association was formed which could speak
for the majority of the industry, the Bureau of Agri-
cultural Economics was unable to make much headway
in the establishment of uniform grades. The new asso-
ciation expects to finish its organization within the next
four weeks with not less than 70 per cent of the Florida
plumosus crop entered for cooperative marketing. This
means it will represent 65 per cent of the plumosus of the
entire United States."
GREEN CITRUS FRUIT OIL USED FOR
Buckingham Plant Founds New Industry in Lee
(Ft. Myers Press, May 29, 1929)
The extraction of valuable citrus oil from the peel of
green oranges is a new industry which had its first intro-
duction to the United States at an orange grove at Buck-
ingham, where a machine imported from Italy is now
daily extracting valuable oil from surplus fruit. The
industry was born in Lee county without the knowledge
of local growers and was first discovered by Harry Poe
Johnson, expert on tropical crops.
The theme of this story is based on the old saw to the
effect that "necessity is the mother of invention." Sev-
eral years ago Joseph Spadero of New York purchased
the old Kells grove on Orange river. He found the fruit
to be healthy, but not suitable for export, so in order to
utilize the crop he sent to Messina, Italy, for an old
friend who was an expert in horticultural problems.
Used in Perfumes and Cosmetics
This man was the senior member of Moschella
Brothers, a firm engaged in extracting citrus oil from
oranges and lemons. The oil has a ready sale as a flavor-
ing extract and for the manufacture of perfumes and
cosmetics. The best oil is secured from the rind of the
bergamot orange. Mr. Moschella came to Fort Myers and
took up his residence on Orange river. He could speak
very little English, but oranges were something he un-
After first experimenting with a juice extraction ma-
chine, Moschella sent back to his native country for an
ingenious machine to extract oil from orange peel. With
green fruit this proved a success on a small scale. The
machine adjusts itself to the size of the fruit and steel-
toothed brushes scarify the rind and break down the cells,
allowing the oil to exude into water. This oil is highly
inflammable and will burn like high test gasoline. It is
put up in small glass vials and sold by the ounce.
Mr. Johnson notified a friend of his in New York of
the machine and this man, the owner of large plantations
in Honduras, came to Fort Myers and visited the plant
with Prof. G. C. Mazzeri. The result is that he will
order a smaller machine to extract similar oil from lime
trees on his tropical island.
The first possibility which the experiment presents to
the Florida grower is a means of utilizing the green fruit
crop in areas infected by the Mediterranean fruit fly.
If the embargo lasts for several years, growers in such
sections can gain a material return from extracting oil
out of green fruit before it is destroyed by order of the
DAIRYMEN HAVE BEGUN FILLING SILOS
Large Field Is Planted to Several Varieties of
(Vero Beach Journal, May 31, 1929)
Storage of ensilage for feeding dairy cattle through
the summer months is commanding the attention of dairy-
men in Indian River county. At the Jerseydale Dairy
two large silos have been filled with corn and another is
to be filled this week. The Vero Beach Dairy has sixty-
five acres of corn coming on that will soon be ready to
cut for ensilage to fill their big silos.
Although the pasturage is fine and usually remains in
foragable condition throughout the summer the dairy-
men find it most advantageous to feed ensilage along
with the grasses and other dairy feeds. Corn this season
was planted in fields after Irish potato crops had been
harvested and it is a little late in maturing for the silos.
The sixty-acre field planted by the Vero Beach Dairy
Co. was seeded to several varieties of corn supplied by
the State Experiment Station. The yield of each variety
will be checked to ascertain which variety produces the
As the corn is cut it will be weighed and each variety
will be cut and stored separately. The sizes of the stocks
will be measured and the number of ears of corn set on
the stocks taken into account.
J. W. Bryant, twelve-year-old club boy of Hillsborough
county, will get a free trip to the state short course for
boys to be held at the University of Florida, not because
he raised a fine pig or grew a big yield of corn, but be-
cause he made the best record in first year sewing, con-
ducted by Mrs. Mary S. Allen, home demonstration agent.
Each year a free trip to the state short course is given
to the club member who makes the best record in sewing.
This year when the time came for checking up the girls,
it was found that they had been far surpassed by young
Bryant. He will likely be the first boy to attend the
short course for the best seamster.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT TELLS
WHAT MAY BE GROWN
Farmers Are Told What to Plant in Fly-Infested
(Florida Advocate, May 31, 1929)
The United States Department of Agriculture Plant
Quarantine and Control Administration, cooperating with
the State Plant Board of Florida, has issued a bulletin
giving the following information as to what may be grown
in the State of Florida during the fight against the Medi-
terranean fruit fly:
What Not to Plant in Quarantined Areas
In Infested Properties.-Plant nothing except cover
crops which are non-host, such as: Beggarweed, croto-
laria, soybeans, velvet beans.
In Zone One.-In the infested zone, which extends for
at least one mile all around each infested property, no
fruits, except watermelons and pineapples, shall be
planted. The following vegetables shall not be planted:
Cantaloupes, cucumbers, eggplants, tomatoes, cowpeas,
pumpkins, peppers, squash, beans of all kinds, including
string beans and lima beans.
Zone Two.-In the protective zone, which extends for
at least nine miles all around the infested zone of the
above, vegetables may be grown between June 1st and
November 1st of this year, and between May 1st and
November 1st of next year.
What to Plant in Quarantined Areas
Infested Properties.-Plant only non-host cover crops
such as: Beggatweed, crotolaria, soybeans, velvet beans.
Zone One.-In the infested zone no fruits may be
planted except watermelons and pineapples. The follow-
ing vegetables may be planted at any time: Root crops
such as Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, onions, beets, car-
rots, radishes, rutabagas, turnips, etc. Leafy green vege-
tables such as lettuce, celery, mustard greens, collards,
spinach, cabbage, Swiss chard, etc.
Zone Two.-In the protective zone all fruits and vege-
tables of any kind may be grown from November 1st to
April 30th and only root crops and leafy green vege-
tables may be grown during the host free period.
FLORIDA'S IMMENSE CLAM BED
(St. Petersburg Independent, May 31, 1929)
Probably it is not generally known that the largest
clam bed in the United States, and possibly one of the
largest in the world, is in Florida waters-off the lower
west coast, to be specific. Old-timers in southwest
Florida and many fishermen knew that an unusually large
clam field lay along the coast in the region of the keys
known as the Ten Thousand Islands, but the extent of
the field was not known. An expert for the government
has just called attention to the fact that this immense
clam bed is fully forty miles in length and about five
miles in width and contains an area of something like
one hundred and fifty square miles. In this bed there are
so many clams that they would smother each other, if
such a fate ever came to clams. They just exist there,
thousands of bushels of them, until they die of old age.
"It is but natural that many clams should die where
their numbers are so vast and where they live in a re-
gion almost untouched by man," says the expert. "Like
all living things, clams must die at some time of old age,
if for no other reason, and this may be responsible for
the presence of so many dead shells. Sudden changes
in the salinity of the water may also cause mortality.
Fresh water supplied by the numerous small streams of
the Ten Thousand Islands lowers the density of the
water on the clam bar, particularly during the rainy
season. This brackish condition is especially suitable for
the growth of the clams."
As the government writer says, that colossal clam bed
lies almost untouched. There appears to be no demand
for the clams, notwithstanding that clams are regarded
as one of the most popular sea foods. For years only
a few fishermen dug the clams and engaged in marketing
them, and then three or four firms put in clam-dredges
and canning plants. The clams even cling to the roots
of mangrove trees, thickly, like barnacles. The most
plodding clam-digger could take from fifteen to twenty
bushel-basketsful a day from any part of the bed.
Enterprise of the kind that is annually marketing at a
good price thousands of pounds of Okeechobee catfish is
needed to develop this clam field and start the greatest
clam industry in the world. It seems that Florida is so
rich in so many things that about half of the riches are
or have been overlooked.
CIGAR OUTPUT REACHES PEAK OF YEAR
Production Here Totals 46,516,860
(Tampa Tribune, May 31, 1929)
Cigar production soared to a new peak for the year
during May, according to figures announced yesterday at
the federal internal revenue office, which showed Tampa
factories turned out 46,516,860 cigars during the month
and paid Uncle Sam $250,273.45 for government stamps.
The figures were the highest since November last year
and showed a production increase of 6,071,243 cigars
over May, 1928, and a gain of $36,922.18 in federal
stamps, and also an increase of 6,066,550 in cigars over
April and $42,094.19 in stamps.
The greatest production during the month was in class
C cigars, or brands ranging from 8 to 15 cents each.
Tampa factories turned out a total of 22,187,920 of
these cigars, or almost double the number of any other
class. Class C stamp collections totaled $110,939.54.
Other Grades' Totals
The figures for the other classes showed A, or five-
cent brands, 13,101,930 cigars and $26,203.87 stamp col-
lections; B, or the five to eight-cent brands, 985,810
cigars, $2,957.44 stamps; D, 10,076,500 cigars, $105,-
803.25 stamps, and E, or the 20-cent and higher priced
brands, 164,700 cigars, $2,224.26 stamps.
In addition to the above, figures showed Tampa ciga-
rette manufacturers paid the government $1,037.10 for
Last year Tampa factories manufactured a total of
490,174,558 cigars and paid a total of $2,610,664.87 to
the government for stamps. So far this year the facto-
ries have turned out a total of 187,766,268 cigars and
paid $922,937.73 for stamps.
The production and stamps collections by months
follows: January, 26,822,298 cigars, $135,882.90 stamps;
February, 31,029,970 cigars, $161,446.34 stamps; March,
42,946,830 cigars, $217,429.23 stamps, and April, 40,-
450,310 cigars and $208,179.26 stamps.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
GRIFFIN SEES UNITY NEEDED IN FIGHT
Says Victory Lies in Organization
(Tampa Tribune, June 1, 1929)
Admitting that growers are face to face with serious
problems in the fight to eradicate the fruit fly, J. A.
Griffin, president of the Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House, declared yesterday that one of the chief reasons
for deep concern is the fact that the citrus industry here
has never been thoroughly organized.
If they get together and do the job right there is, he
said, a wonderful opportunity ahead, and then added,
with the utmost frankness, that if they fell down he
would hesitate to predict what would happen to the state.
Back from Washington, where he appeared with a
Florida delegation before President Hoover to urge gov-
ernment help for those whose crops were destroyed, not
by the Mediterranean fly, but through federal efforts to
check its spread, Mr. Griffin in a statement to The
Tribune, talked plainly about the situation as it stands
today and the need of thorough organization of growers
and all the agencies concerned in producing and hand-
ling the state's big citrus crop.
While in Washington he found the greatest possible
sympathy among government officials and members of
congress in the fight to wipe out the pest,, but he came
home more strongly convinced than ever that the remedy
is in the hands of the growers themselves-through or-
ganized effort to meet the situation squarely and handle
it by united effort.
"The citrus and vegetable growers of the State of
Florida are face to face with some serious problems,"
Mr. Griffin said. "If they meet and solve these problems
in a practical and sensible way, it will bring to both the
citrus industry and the vegetable growers unparalleled
"An organized industry has a much better chance to
succeed than one that is unorganized. Only by a
thorough and complete organization of the growers, and
through that organization, the growers' cooperation with
the state and federal authorities, can we hope to hold the
present infestation of the Mediterranean fly within its
present limits and prevent its spread throughout the
citrus belt. Only by a perfect coordination of effort and
a strict observance of the quarantine regulations can the
growers in the uninfested districts hope to be able to
market their products in the markets of the country.
Any fruit or vegetables whatsoever, reaching the markets
of the country showing infestation, will result in the most
drastic quarantine by other states against this state, and
would completely close the markets of the country to
Florida producers, and bottle Florida up.
"Our federal authorities, responsible for the adminis-
tration of the plant quarantine act passed by congress in
1912, regard the invasion of the Mediterranean fly in
continental United States as threatening extensive losses
of national significance to the entire horticultural and
agricultural interests of the country if permitted to
spread. The plant quarantine and control administration
under Dr. C. L. Marlatt has a record of splendid achieve-
ment during its existence. The pink bollworm in Texas
and Arizona was eliminated by the establishment of non-
crop zones around infested areas. It was from unex-
pended funds appropriated by congress for this purpose
that, by request of the president and by prompt and
unanimous action of both houses of congress, the sum of
$4,000,000 was made immediately available to carry on
the work of eradication of the Mediterranean fruit fly
here in Florida.
"Our federal authorities are thinking only in terms of
complete eradication and will give us every reasonable
assistance to that end, and in addition, which is just as
important, will do everything they rightfully and properly
can to keep the markets of the country open for Florida
producers of uninfested fruit and vegetables, if we will
only do our part.
Other Problems, Too
"In addition to the problem of controlling this pest, we
still have the problem of keeping our markets and
broadening them, which includes a broad national adver-
tising campaign, a strict observance of our revised green
fruit statute, and a reasonable regulation of shipments,
thereby achieving orderly marketing.
"Every fruit producing section in the country, not
only citrus, but peaches, grapes, apples, plums, apricots,
pears, and whatnot, including the great trucking sections
throughout the country, are deeply concerned about the
Florida situation, and are wondering whether or not we
are equal to the task of first absolute control, and second,
complete eradication. One of the chief reasons for this
deep concern is the well-known fact that the citrus in-
dustry has never been thoroughly organized here. If,
however, we do the job thoroughly, there is unparalleled
opportunity ahead for our growers and producers. If
we fail to do it, I hesitate to predict what may happen
TEN CARLOADS OF CATTLE ARRIVE IN
(Hendry County News, May 30, 1929)
Beef cattle are now being shipped down to Hendry
county's green woods and glades for summer fattening
for markets. J. B. Hendry and Co. of Tampa have sent
ten carloads down and many more are expected. The
cattle will summer in Hendry county and roam the vast
uninhabited woods and grassy plains free. They are
expected to be fattened ready for shipment to market in
Cattle men of the better type deplore the destruction
of Florida's splendid natural forage grasses, which is be-
ing caused by incendiary fires. One well known old-
timer told of the good old days when wild oats grew high
enough to obstruct the view of a cowboy on his pony. He
also stated that the annual fires are only survived by the
tough grasses and they "make poor food for cattle,"
stated the cattle dealer in conclusion to the News re-
Another big automobile tire company has fallen in
line to boost Florida industry, and is erecting its own
large and modern building at Tampa. It is the well
known Fisk Tire Company, and they have leased a loca-
tion at the northwest corner of Franklin and Platt
streets, one of the busiest corners in the city. Construc-
tion work is now well advanced on a structure to house
the company's wholesale and retail business in that terri-
tory. The building also will include a filling and service
station, with entrances on both Franklin and Platt streets.
The new structure will cost about $70,000, the Tampa
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
IMPORTANCE OF TUNG OIL IN INDUSTRY
(Orlando Sentinel, June 9, 1929)
That Florida has a splendid opportunity in connection
with tung oil development is indicated by information
just released by the United States Department of Com-
merce through its Jacksonville district office. In an
article on the subject presented by E. C. Wood of the
chemical division of the above government organization,
many salient facts concerning the industry as a whole,
especially the growing importance of tung oil in industry,
are specifically mentioned.
Tung oil, also called chinal wood oil, is obtained from
the nuts of two varieties of trees, known as the "Aleurites
montana" and the "Aleurites fordi." These trees are in-
digenous to China, which at present is the world's source
of supply. The former type is confined largely to the
southern provinces of Kwangsi and Yunnan and the
latter to the provinces of Szechwan, Hunan, Kweichow,
and Hupeh. The "Aleurites fordi" is the tropical and
hardier tree and supplies over 90 per cent of the total
production of tung oil.
The Chinese for many years have had numerous uses
for the oil, such as a dressing for leather, the manu-
facture of soap and varnish, and for waterproofing paper,
cloth, umbrellas, shoes, and silk, pongee and other mate-
rials. Chinese ink is prepared by burning the oil cake.
The most important use is for finishing and waterproof-
ing Chinese junks and other boats. In the form of paste
made by burning the nut to a soot and mixed with oil, it
finds extensive employment in the calking of boats.
Since the importation of the oil into the United States,
the uses of the commodity have multiplied. On account
of its rapid drying and waterproofing properties, it was
discovered that an excellent spar varnish could be pro-
duced to replace copal varnish. Other large consumers
are the linoleum and oilcloth industries, and manu-
facturers of enamel, and floor, deck, and wall paints.
Considerable quantities also are used in the preparation
of insulating compounds and for brake bands for auto-
Tung oil ranks as the fourth largest chemical import
into the United States. Shipments of oil from China to
America are made from the ports of Hankow, Shanghai,
and Hong Kong. The greater portion of the total sup-
ply originates in Hankow. Transportation of tung oil
to the United States is principally in tank steamers and
on arrival at destination it is pumped into barrels, drums,
or tank cars.
The quantities and values of tung-oil imports into the
United States during the last five years are recorded in
Imports of tung oil into the United States.
Year Quantity-Pounds Value
1924 ......... .................. ... 81,587,854 $11,091,776
1925 ... ... ..... ........ .. 101,553,519 11,385,848
1926 ...... ......... ............. 83,003,774 9,148,090
1927 ................... .... .......... 89,650,311 11,809,583
1928 ............. ....... ............. 107,356,971 13,419,029
In 1905, Dr. Fairchild of the United States Department
of Agriculture, brought from China some tung oil seeds
which were planted at government experimental stations
located in the southern states and California, and ex-
periments were conducted to determine the most suitable
soil and cultivation methods for the growth of the trees.
After several years, it was apparent that the trees showed
better progress in Florida and the bordering gulf states.
It is stated that climatic conditions in this area, which
lies in practically the same latitude and longtitude as the
producing districts of China, favors successful cultiva-
tion. At present there are in this vicinity approximately
6,000 acres of tung oil trees under cultivation, and con-
siderable acreage is planted in the states of Alabama,
Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.
Although domestic production is as yet comparatively
nil, scientific care in the cultivation and fertilization of
tung oil trees in Florida have resulted in an oil superior
in quality to the imported product. Furthermore, ex-
traction by modern machinery, in comparison with the
crude process employed by the Chinese, permits a larger
and clearer yield of oil. One of the large plantations in
Alachua county, Florida, installed machinery for crush-
ing and extracting oil, and this plant in January, 1929,
was placed in operation, crushing 70,000 pounds of nuts,
the yearly yield of the groves. With the establishment
of a domestic industry to meet requirements, other new
uses probably will be found for the commodity.
In view of the increasing demand for tung oil, other
countries are conducting experiments for its production.
The United States has aided the movement of shipping
seed to New Zealand, Africa, India, Australia, England,
Paraguay, Argentina, Bermuda, Cuba, Hawaii, and the
FROM 1 COW TO 95 IN 3-YEAR PERIOD
(Miami News, May 19, 1929)
From one cow to a 95-cow dairy in three years is the
record of Woodfin and Lucien Smith, now operating at
N. W. 46th St. and 25th Ave. The output of about 600
quart and 250 pint bottles daily is sold retail, mostly in
the northwest and southwest.
Both partners are from Macon, Ga., and comparatively
young. From one cow they got big enough to buy out
their father's 50-head dairy, formerly at 22nd Ave. and
103d St. They also absorbed the C. B. Williams herd,
and that of H. Laughlin. They have 10 acres of pasture,
to supplement bought feeds, consisting of alfalfa, grains
and beet pulp. They use about two tons of pulp and
two and a half tons of grain each week. A horse and
rider for countryside herding is part of this dairy's equip-
ment, this method keeping down the growth of rank and
unsightly weeds and grasses, and materially assisting in
keeping up orderly appearance of the landscape, at no
expense to the county.
The herd comprises Jerseys and Holsteins, mostly
shipped in from the Carolinas, Lucien Smith said. The
bull is a Jersey. Calves are almost entirely sold to meat
men, although a number are bought each year by small
dairies that have the facilities or time to raise them.
Electric power runs the bottle-washer and other equip-
ment, like the well, their private plant furnishing water
of a superior grade from a 65-foot depth. They are now
using about 1,500 pounds of ice daily, but plan the early
installation of a private refrigeration plant. Everything
about the milk rooms is screened.
The first huckleberries ever to be shipped from this
county went out last week, less than one week after the
last shipment of strawberries had been made for the
season. Truly, there is never a day when there isn't
something Hardee county farmers can produce.-Florida
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
NEW SOURCES INCOME TO BE STRESSED
Leesburg Chamber of Commerce Will Sponsor
Effort During Summer
(Times-Union, June 6, 1929)
Leesburg, June 5.-New sources of income for the
people of Leesburg and its trade territory, long stressed
in the work of the local chamber of commerce, will be
concentrated on more aggressively than ever during the
summer and fall, it has been decided by the board of
directors. The probable need for revenue to take place
of that heretofore assured by the citrus crop was strongly
emphasized in the discussion that led to this action.
In order to correct existing misapprehensions as to
agricultural products that can still be grown, an educa-
tional campaign will be conducted to acquaint the public
with the root and leafy vegetables and other crops not
affected by the Mediterranean fruit fly and which can be
produced at any time in any zone. Assistance of the
chamber will be offered to growers in finding markets for
any surplus in excess of home consumption and local
Effort also will be made to increase the volume of
butterfat and live poultry offered the local milk and
poultry products buying station, sponsored by the com-
merce chamber, which was established some months ago.
Another line of endeavor will be centered on increase
in the egg output of the community. A cash market is
now afforded, at satisfactory prices, through the Central
Florida Poultry Producers' Cooperative Association.
FLORIDA FARM VALUES
(Bradenton Herald, June 4, 1929)
The United States Department of Agriculture has re-
leased a table of comparative farm values covering every
state in the Union which should be encouraging to every-
one in Florida who is interested in farm values.
The basis for comparison is the average value in 1912
and 1914. With that value are compared the values in
1920 when the peak in farm land values was reached, and
those in 1927, '28 and '29. In this comparison Florida
values show less fluctuation of any state. This state-
ment may appear strange to many while others may be
inclined to discount it, yet we don't see how one can go
behind impartial figures that are assembled by experts
who are not more interested in one section of the country
than the other.
Compared with 1912-14 values on a basis of 100 the
1920 value was 178, which shows an increase of 78 per
cent. In 1927 the value was 183, an increase of five
per cent, then a drop of nine per cent, leaving the value
March 1, 1929, only five per cent under the 1920 value.
Certainly that might be termed a very stable and highly
On the other hand look at South Carolina values. The
1920 peak prices were 230 when compared with 1912-14
at 100, nearly two and one-half times as high. The
descent since 1920, however, has been appalling. In 1927
the values were only 113 and in 1928 and 1929 they had
dropped even lower, to 110. This means that farm lands
in that state are worth less than one-half of the 1920
value and only ten per cent more than in 1914.
In only ten states are farm values less today than in
1914. Of these, Montana values reach the lowest ebb, 72.
The peak value, however, in that commonwealth in 1920,
was only 126. Colorado is next in line for the doubtful
honor of low farm values. The 1920 value there was 141
and the value for the last three years has been 82.
Indiana values show a great fluctuation, falling from 161
in 1920 to 83 in 1929.
The other states showing values below the 1914 level
are Ohio, Illinois, Missouri, the Dakotas, Wyoming and
Colorado. It will be noted that these states produce vast
quantities of grain and it is from this group that have
come the loudest and most insistent calls for farm relief.
California values have been comparatively stable. The
peak in 1920 was only 167 and the value today is 160,
a decrease of only seven per cent. Yet the comparative
value at present is fourteen per cent less than Florida's.
In only two states, Rhode Island and Connecticut, are
farm values higher than in 1920. In the former state the
1929 value is 134 while in 1920 it was 130. In the
latter state the values were 139 and 137. Facts are not
available to explain this phenomenon, although it is en-
tirely possible that the nutmeg industry is responsible for
the renewed vigor in Connecticut.
Reverting to our first statement, a careful survey of
these statistics should be encouraging to every farm
owner in Florida. High values always attract the atten-
tion of the investing public and when these values re-
main on an uniformly high level over a long number of
years the reasons for encouragement are the more patent.
HOUSEWIVES IN POLK CANNING VEGE-
(Tampa Times, June 12, 1929)
Bartow, June 12.-One of the most practical efforts of
the Medfly campaign in Polk county has been the work
of the home demonstration agents, Misses Lois Goobey
and Moselle Preston, assisted by Mrs. Frank Coyle, in
instructing and assisting the women in Zone No. 2 to can
all the vegetables possible before they must be destroyed
before the host-free period.
In carrying on the work they instructed dozens of
groups of women, and their efforts resulted in preserving
several thousand cans of foodstuffs that will bridge the
gap in many households in the period when few fresh
vegetables can be grown. An estimate by those in touch
with the work is that 500 cans a day have been preserved
during the past month by housewives of the county.
TWO CARS MELONS GO FROM PERRY
(Perry Herald, June 13, 1929)
Two cars of fancy watermelons have been shipped from
Perry this week and another car will be loaded tomorrow
by the growers about Perry. Prices are extra high and
far exceed the prices being paid for melons in other
places near here. This is due to the superior quality of
the melons and the fact that they are being shipped
through the Sowega Melon Growers Association.
Tuesday's shipment contained 960 melons averaging
thirty pounds and brought $350. Wednesday's car con-
tained 1,060 melons of an average weight of twenty-eight
pounds. The melons are the Tom Watson variety.
The melons were inspected by A. R. Harrington, dis-
trict manager for the association, and declared to be
extra fine. Shippers were: J. T. and C. T. Aman, L. R.
Gunter, O. W. Roberts and H. C. Walker. County Agent
Dennis is looking after the interests of the growers.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
BLUEBERRIES GROW WELL IN LIBERTY
(Bristol Free Press, June 6, 1929)
There is no doubt now that the famous blueberries
will do well in Liberty county. The "proof of the pudding
is the pie" it is said, so the proof of their growing and
doing well here will be found on the farm of Mr. A. T.
Morgan, three and a half miles south of Bristol, and as
further proof of the fact the editor had a blueberry pie
Sunday for dinner from the field. Mr. Morgan has an
acre that he set out several years ago and they are doing
CANNING TOMATOES GETS UNDER WAY
AT NEW INDUSTRIAL PLANT
Between Fifty and Sixty Men and Women Find
Employment at Surprise Cannery
on North Dixie
(Ocala Star, May 28, 1929)
A visit to the Surprise Cannery, three miles north of
Ocala and west of the Dixie highway, discloses that this
new industry is getting off to a good start, and bids fair
to become an important factor in the agricultural de-
velopment of Marion county. The cannery has been
operating steadily for a week or more, and the usual
kinks that feature the starting of a new plant are being
nicely ironed out.
Between fifty and sixty men and women have been
employed, about one-half in the fields picking tomatoes,
and the rest in the plant itself. A considerable increase
in force is necessary, according to Manager Braisted, in
order to handle the crop that is ripening before the sea-
Handling tomatoes for canning is naturally different
than when they are to be packed for shipment to northern
markets. In the latter case the tomatoes are green, while
for canning they must be ripe, and to a certain point the
riper the better. The method being used is to bring in
all ripe tomatoes picked in field crates to the yard. Here
they are sorted and graded, those starting to decay be-
The select fruit is then placed in vessels and immersed
in scalding water, after which it goes to the paring tables,
where it is prepared for the next step. From here it
goes into a wooden trough attached to the endless chain
that conveys the cans. Here women and girls fill the
cans, which come out of a sterilizer in endless proces-
sion. The cans are then placed on the carrier and con-
veyed through a wooden tunnel, heated by steam to a
temperature of 170 degrees, and reach the capper.
This machine, which works automatically, places the
top on the can and seals it hermetically without solder.
As the cans leave the capper they are stacked in a large
iron basket, which when full is immersed in one of the
three boilers, where they are cooked at a temperature of
212 degrees. When this is completed they are stacked on
their sides to cool, after which boys pack them in cases
While the cannery has a capacity of approximately
10,000 number two cans, or over 400 cases per day, it has
been running at less than half capacity so far, the aver-
age being about 160 cases per day. This has been neces-
sitated by the necessity of instructing employees, and
making the necessary stops to adjust machinery and so
forth. It is also doubtful if the supply of tomatoes avail-
able this season is large enough to permit capacity opera-
tions. Up to the present time the company has made no
shipments, but Manager Braisted is hoping to move a
carload within the next week or ten days.
RAINEY FAVORS COLD PLANT FOR
Says That Refrigeration Will Build Allied In-
dustries Around Bunnies and Squabs
(Miami News, May 19, 1929)
Refrigeration of rabbit fryers and how such a plant
may build up gigantic allied industries like packing
plants, rabbitries, furrier trades and tanneries, squab
raising, and also attract business from other sections of
Florida and adjacent states, increasing exports as well
as imports, was the topic chosen by J. S. Rainey, county
agricultural agent, at the Dade County Rabbit and Cavy
Breeders' Association meeting last week at the fair
grounds, when about 60 members met to perfect plans
for a cooperative rabbit refrigeration plant, to be owned
and controlled by breeders only.
Approximately 40 to 50 per cent of the estimated
$2,500 necessary for a beginning has already been sub-
scribed, L. E. Barrie, secretary-treasurer of the associa-
tion, said. A personal canvass among members is now
in progress to secure the balance of the fund. Any
deficit can be secured by accepting contracts for meat
and money to be paid by the breeder later, was stated.
A location described as ideal for the sale of retail
rabbit meat, as well as to hotels and restaurants, has
been secured. Negotiations are under way for an almost
new refrigeration plant. This is large enough for present
needs, with facilities for expansion. The pre-cooling
room is large enough to be also used for other products,
like eggs. The refrigeration chamber is of a size per-
mitting the freezing and storage of estimated rabbit meat
demands for a considerable period, with additional room
for fryers and squabs. The machine is of three-ton
Breeders plan to engage a member familiar with buy-
ing, slaughtering, marketing and other phases of rabbit
meat, to handle the retail trade. The proposed organiza-
tion expects the plant to revolutionize rabbit-raising con-
ditions in Dade county, so that instead of Florida rabbits
being sent to Georgia for refrigeration, they will be
shipped to Miami. All breeding phases will also benefit
is thought, as the balance of Florida will immediately
recognize Miami as the center of the entire industry in
TOBACCO GROWERS BEGIN GATHERING
(Enterprise-Recorder, May 31, 1929)
The tobacco growers are beginning this week to gather
the bright tobacco crop. They report the outlook for a
good yield as promising and satisfactory.
No disease of any kind is noted, and the grade ranks
favorably if not above that of other years. Quite a large
acreage has been planted this year, and the growing of
bright tobacco is rapidly becoming one of the leading
farming industries of the county.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
POULTRY SHIPPED FROM FLORALA IS
(DeFuniak Breeze, June 13, 1929)
Three thousand two hundred and eighty-six pounds of
poultry were shipped from Florala, Tuesday of last week,
the average price being 25 cents per pound. This means
$800.00 coming into Florala this month besides what has
been shipped in small quantities. Farmers should raise
more poultry and produce more eggs.
Now, as there is a good market for poultry and eggs,
also an unlimited market for cream, the next thing taken
up will be a market for hogs in large or small amounts.-
It has been demonstrated that plants from which the
following drugs are produced will thrive in Florida:
aloes, asafoetida, cassia, henbane, ipecac, jalap, menthol,
castor oil, papain, nux vomica, strychnine, sarsasparilla.
RAISE FINE CORN NEAR DUNEDIN
Corn Over 11 Feet High Raised at District 4
(Dunedin Times, June 13, 1929)
Farmers from the corn belts of Iowa and Illinois would
be coming to Florida to raise their favorite crop if they
could see the fine patch of corn that was raised this year
at the headquarters of the District 4 Road Department
of the county on the tract of land in Dunedin.
The corn, which is about 11 feet tall and bearing an
average of over five well-developed ears to the stalk, was
raised by C. P. Smith, of Dunedin, who has charge of the
grounds of the District 4 Road Department. The corn is
of the Hastings Prolific variety, which is well adapted to
The only fertilizing that was done was a small amount
of nitrate-soda during the dry spring months to stimulate
Mr. Smith had a nice patch of cucumbers, okra, squash,
watermelons, carrots and turnips, and had some fine look-
ing peas coming on for a cover crop, but these are all
being cleaned out in accordance with the Medfly quaran-
The District 4 Road headquarters are on a tract of land
on the east side of Dunedin, which was given to this
county road district by the city of Dunedin to be used
for their road headquarters, when County Commissioner
Maurice Thayer, commissioner for this district, combined
the two former district road headquarters into one and
located them at Dunedin, a central point in the district.
The county commissioners of Hillsborough county were
in Dunedin Friday inspecting the District 4 Road head-
quarters and spoke very highly of the equipment and
arrangement, stating that the equipment was kept up in
the best shape and that it was the most practical arrange-
ment of handling the district road work they had seen in
W. R. Campbell is superintendent of Road District 4
and has charge of keeping up the roads in this district.
His crew works out of the headquarters here, where all
of the equipment is kept.
C. P. Smith has charge of the grounds and oversees the
work around the headquarters.
HEAVY BREED MAKES BETTER RECORD
(DeFuniak Breeze, June 13, 1929)
This paper has expressed the belief on several occa-
sions that West Florida's poultry business will be on a
better and more paying basis when a considerable part
of the White Leghorns, which constitute so large a part
of the poultry of this section, are replaced by some of
the heavier birds, more valuable in every way from the
standpoint of the man who has poultry to sell, equally
good layers as the White Leghorns, and the only handicap
under which they rest being the differential in favor of
white eggs paid in this state.
Eggs from the heavier breeds are more desirable from
the standpoint of weight, and no scientist on earth can
by any examination, microscopical or analytical, tell one
hen's egg from another, once the shell is gone. In sup-
port of its view in the matter, the Breeze wishes to give
some figures from the May bulletin of the National Egg
Laying Contest now being held at Chipley, conducted by
E. F. Stanton, a practical poultry man formerly of this
In the contest are sixty-one pens of White Leghorns
and seven pens of Rhode Island Reds. The pen with the
highest record to date is a pen of White Leghorns from
Jacksonville, Fla., which has laid 1,639 eggs since the
third annual contest started. Another pen of White
Leghorns from Pelham, Ga., has laid 1,592 eggs, and the
third highest pen is one of Rhode Island Reds from
Ottuma, Iowa, which has 1,555 eggs to its credit.
With almost eight times as many White Leghorns as
there are Rhode Island Reds, the Leghorns should have
had eight chances of equalling the heavier breed in lay-
ing, were they equally good layers, while, as a matter of
fact, but two pens out of sixty-one of the lighter birds
laid more eggs than did the seven pens of the Reds, and
fifty-nine pens laid fewer eggs.
When the discrimination against brown eggs in this
state is removed, as it will be, if commonsense and not
prejudice sways the matter, the heavier breeds will take
their place in West Florida's poultry industry, and that
industry will then be on a much more solid, substantial
and profitable basis.
Liberty county is noted for its large amount and fine
quality of honey raised every year as well as other crops.
Located in what is known as the Apalachicola river valley
are some of the largest apiaries in the south, which pro-
duce each year hundreds of barrels of honey. County
Demonstration Agent D. H. Ward recently began work
among the producers, and will be able to save them hun-
dreds of dollars a year in the matter of raising the queens
at home instead of ordering them at a cost of from five
to ten dollars each. He stated to a representative of the
Bristol Free Press recently that J. R. Armstrong and J.
Ray Summers, who own many colonies near Estiffanulga,
had gathered 132 pounds per colony from their apiaries,
most of this being what is known as the famous White
Tupelo honey. The Tupelo honey is the highest priced
honey produced, and does not granulate or become
rancid, the Free Press says.
Florida possesses 3,751 miles of coast line or about
one-seventh of the coast line mileage of the ninteen states
bordering on salt water.