Limitations of chemistry in...

Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00068
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00068
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

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    Limitations of chemistry in agriculture
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Full Text

U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,

Jftortba 3ebiet


Vol. 3

MARCH 18, 1929

No. 20


Limitations of Chemistry in Agriculture .. ... .......
Best Season Since Boom Is Indicated by Crowded Hotels ...
Miami Is Having Its Best Season-Hotels Are Full ..................
Chicago Owners Visit Their Farm Near Crestvew. ..........
Three Bananlla Boats Unload at Salme Time .. .... ...................
Local Deposit Said To Be Only One of Value in U. S ......
Registrations Point to Best Winter Season .. ..... .....
cucumberr Seed Are Received Here ........ .. .. ........
N ot S o B ad .. .. ........ ... ...... ... .. .. .... .
Carload Lots of Vegetables from Hastings...................... .... ...
Work Started on the Okaloosa Cannery To Be Completed .
County Rock Crusher Near Scanlon Soon to Begin Work......
Ice Plant Is Being Built at St. Marks ..................
Plans to Establish Large Chicken Ranch ............
Blooded Stock Purchased for This Section ........
Judging by Train Travel, Season Is Record One ..............
Head of Big Canning Concern Says Trade in Tampa Improves .
Carload Shipments Ocean Fish and Shrimp ... ......
County's Sugar Beets Are Good .. ............. .. .......
Passenger Travel for State Is Now Greatest.. ......................
St. Lucie County Ships First Potatoes .......... .. ............
Annual Output of Shamrock Lumber Plant........ ......................
Miller Starts Produce Rolling to St. Petersburg........ ...................
Sponge Show Put on by Sixth Grade..... .. .................................

Hillsborough Berry Shipments Near Three Million Malrk.............. 10
First Truck Load Chicks to Coast ..... ...... ............. ......... 11
Local Fish Industry Much Interest to Noted Visitor.................... 11
Carrot Contract Is in Sight.. ..................... ............................... 11
Ship Turnip Greens............... ............... ................. 11
Cabbage, Berries and Peas Moving Well to Market................. 12
Farm Boys Get Contest Prizes at Dinner Here....... .............. 12
Tropical Fruits Shown by Lee ..................................................... 12
Most of Guava Jelly in World Made in Florida......... ........... 12
Increased l)emand Boosts Price on Poultry Products .......... 13
Williams Purchases Machinery and Will Buy Marion Goobers ... 13
Citrus Grove Sales Exceed Million Mark.. ...................... ............. 13
Fifteen Thousand Hampers of Beans Out in Week ........... ......... 14
Grape Culture Is Now Expanding....................... .. ...... ........... 14
Windshields Aren't Needed if Grapefruit Juice Is Bottled.......... 14
Wilson Is Urging Farmers Here to Raise Broom Corn.. .............. 14
M anatee Fair Shows 130 Vegetables............................ ............. 15
Palatka Moss Industry a Thriving Business.............................. ... 15
Avon Park Gets Big Ice Plant-40-Ton Capacity......................... 15
Live Stock Meetings at Laurel Hill and Baker........ .................... 15
New Irish Potatoes Yield Splendid Crop.................................... 15
Tallahassee Plant Figures in Great Dairy Merger ........ .. .. .... 16
W hat Railroad Do for Florida .................................. .......... 16
Farmers at Perry Enthused Over Peanut Prospects .. ............ 16
New York Man Comes to Engage in the Poultry Line Here .... .... 16

Limitations of Chemistry in Agriculture

By T. J. BROOKS, Chief Clerk, Department of Agriculture

HE material advancement of modern civ-
ilization owes as much to chemistry as
to any other branch of science, if not
more. The application of the laws of
chemistry enters into more activities of our com-
plex life than the laws and principles of other
branches of science.
However, every science has its limitations,
and chemistry is no exception. We wish to call
attention to some of these in order to correct
an erroneous impression that seems to be held
by thousands of people who make inquiries on
the subject.
People send in samples of soil to be analyzed
in order to know just what crops can be pro-
duced from the land from which they are taken,
the kind and amount of commercial fertilizer
that should be used on this soil for specific
crops, etc. The impression is general that the
chemical contents of a soil are always available,
which is not the case by any manner of means.
The chemical laboratory does not reveal with
dependable accuracy whether the plant food
elements found to exist are available for plant
roots to appropriate. Of course, if it is found
that plant food elements are lacking, that

would reveal that the soil was sterile; this
knowledge would surely be worth while.
The availability of plant food elements is de-
pendent upon a number of things:
1. The form in which the minerals, nitrogen,
phosphoric acid and potash, are locked up.
There may be an abundance of pebble phos-
phoric rock in a soil and yet the soil be non-
productive, for the reason that the phosphoric
acid would not be available. It has to be broken
up chemically as well as mechanically to render
it available. Raw nitrogen ore from Chilean
mines might be strewn on land or potash salt
rock from the mines might be used with prac-
tically the same results. So it may be with these
elements as found in soil. They may exist, but
in non-available form.
2. The physical conditions other than that
above referred to may prevent the mineral con-
tent from being available for plants. The soil
may be in a desert, therefore not capable of
producing. It may be under water, therefore
not capable of effecting plant growth. The soil
may be impregnated with other minerals that
are deleterious to crops, such as alkali, salt,
sulphur, etc. There may be some plants that
can utilize the plant food elements of a soil


that other plants cannot. Certain trees can
grow in water and others cannot. Certain trees
can grow on soils that are not suited to ordinary
field crops. A chemical analysis will not reveal
this fact.
1. The fertility of soil depends largely on
the subsoil. The texture of the subsoil has a
great deal to do with the capillarity of the top
soil. Fertilizers of any kind hold better over a
good close clay subsoil. A porous subsoil allows
water-soluble fertilizer elements to leach out
and they are lost.
2. There are some ten mineral elements other
than nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash, that
are required for plant growth. These are not
required in as great quantities and are supposed
(?) to be always present in sufficient quanti-
ties and in available form for plant needs, but
they are not. A chemical analysis of soil is not
supposed to include a report on these ten.
3. There is such a thing as a very fertile soil
that will not grow crops by reason of its patho-
geniety. No treatise on fertility of soil is com-
plete which ignores a treatment of soil bacteria.
There are bacteria that are conducive to growth
of plants-certain bacteria for certain plants-
such as the nitrogen-collecting nodules on clover
roots which are produced by certain bacteria.
These nitrogenous plants are valuable as soil-
builders. There are also pathogenic bacteria
which produce diseases of plants, both those
which prey upon the roots and those which prey
upon the plants above ground. Soil often be-
comes so poisoned by pathogenic germs that
certain crops have to be abandoned and others
grown that are immune to the particular germ
with which it is inoculated. Chemistry does not
reveal the pathogeniety of soil.
In analyzing commercial fertilizers we find
that the chemical laboratory fails to reveal some
things which it would be very desirable to know.
It is often advantageous to know whether a
given fertilizer will be immediately available
for plant appropriation or become gradually
available. Nitrogen obtained from original min-
eral sources is immediately available. The same
ingredient obtained from organic sources be-
comes slowly available. Organic bodies are
made up of mineral elements, but in becoming
a part of an organism they are locked up in a
less soluble form than the same substances when
obtained from mineral sources.
To protect the purchaser from impositions in
purchasing mixed commercial fertilizers the

states require manufacturers to place tags on
their sacks on which are printed the formulas
for the various brands sold. These tags differ
somewhat in the various states. The Florida
law requires that the tags shall have the fol-
lowing information:
Available ammonia not less than.......
Insoluble ammonia not less than...... ........... %
Total ammonia not less than ............... %
Available phosphoric acid not less than ........%
Insoluble phosphoric acid not less than... ......%
Water soluble potash not less than.. ............%
Total available potash not less than...... ........%
Chlorine not more than............ .. ........ ..%.
Moisture not more than .........................%.... %
It will be seen that the tag must show the per-
centage of available elements-which cannot be
done. The State Chemist had to set up an arbi-
trary standard from which to report analysis.
And whether made from sulphate of am-
monia, nitrate of soda, tankage, cotton seed
meal, superphosphate and sulphate of potash.
It will be noted that it is required to specify
the sources from which the various ingredients
are derived. However, it will also be noted that
it is not required that the tag show the percent-
age derived from each source. A bill was writ-
ten in 1923 with this requirement in it, but upon
investigation it was found that it cannot be
proven by ordinary chemical analysis with any
degree of accuracy as to what the source of the
materials used in a mixed fertilizer is. It might
be that the nitrogen was derived from Chilean
ores, dried blood, tankage, fish scrap, cotton
seed meal, castor pomace, horn and hoof, hair
and wool, leather scrap, tobacco stems or air.
The chemical test would not reveal the per-
centage that came from each source. There-
fore it would be impossible to win a case in
court on this point. However, it would mean a
great deal to the farmer as to whether the nitro-
gen was obtained from a mineral or an organic
source, as that derived from a mineral source is
much more quickly available than that derived
from an organic source. The law should have re-
quired a statement of percentage secured from
mineral and from organic sources as a whole.
The same difficulty is met with in potash. It
is generally conceded that potash that is water-
soluble is available, and if not water-soluble it
is not available. To this extent it is determin-
able whether the potash is immediately or re-
motely available.
There are several methods used in determin-
ing the availability of plant foods in fertilizers.
The neutral permanganate method and the pep-
sin hydrochloric acid method are in general use,
and they differ so widely that 65 % as shown


Sioriba _efieft
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO............ Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS........ .......Director Bureau of Immigration
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 3 MARCH 18, 1929 No. 20

by the latter is equal to 85 % as shown by the
former. The Kjecdahl method is used to ascer-
tain the nitrogen content of ingredients making
a compound fertilizer, but the availability for
plants is not so easily registered. Other methods
are also used.
By going through sufficient details in the pro-
cess of analysis and by scientific deductions it
is possible to approximately determine the
sources and availability of the constituents of a
soil or fertilizer, but for all practical purposes
the methods followed do not determine these
fine distinctions.

A field that has been reduced to low tem-
porary productive power by heavy cropping
will show as good plant food content as one
along-side of it that has been in pasture for
years. The weight of an application of fertil-
izer is -so small by comparison with that of a
foot of surface of an acre (4,000,000 pounds)
that the use of a ton per acre may be unde-
tected in an analysis. The sample used by a
chemist is necessarily so small that the inaccu-
racy may be greater than the amount of plant
food contained in an ordinary application of
commercial fertilizer.
A soil survey is a better guide to agriculture
than a mere soil analysis. A survey takes in the
physical condition, the drainage, the subsoil,
the plant growth found on it if raw land, and
the results obtained by cultivation when the
land has been cultivated. There is no sure
guide short of experiment.
A soil analysis added to a scientific soil survey
would be of service. The State law does not re-
quire the State Chemist to do analytical work
for private parties other than fertilizer samples
sent in under certain regulations.


(Palm Beach Post, Feb. 21, 1929)
West Palm Beach and Palm Beach are, with the other
resort cities of southern Florida, enjoying the most pros-
perous and successful season since boom days, and there
is every indication that this season will continue longer
than any previous season.
Hotels are crowded, with reservations made far in
advance; railways are running with capacity passenger
loads, with bookings a month or more ahead; tradesmen
are profiting; building for the past year has been on the
upward climb, with bright prospects for the immediate
future; the Port of Palm Beach is soon to experience
busy days and traffic policemen really have to work these
days to handle the thousands of out-of-town automobiles
which come pouring into town daily.
"During the last week, we have been filled up by four
o'clock every day," remarked M. A. Tilley, assistant man-
ager of the Hotel Pennsylvania. "We are forced to
turn away at least 150 persons every day and will un-
doubtedly run to capacity until March," he said.
"We have been filled 100 per cent during the last ten
days," says R. V. Derry, manager of the Dixie Court
Hotel, "and we have reservations as far in advance as
March 20."
D. G. Binion, manager of the Monterey Hotel, prides
himself that the rates of his hotel remain the same as in
the summer time. "If we jacked up the rates here, we'd
make $1,000 more a day now," he declared. "We will
have the hotel filled for the next six weeks at least," he
The Royal Palm Hotel is experiencing the best season
since before the boom, with reservations made as far in
advance as March 15th. Mrs. Carl Seward, of the Mira-
mar Inn, states that she is forced to turn away tourists

every afternoon and that reservations are being made
weeks in advance. The Northwood Hotel also is filled
every day.
The F. E. C. Railway is running trains southbound in
two sections. This has never happened before, according
to Passenger Agent May. Assistant General Passenger
Agent W. 0. Boutwell declares that the present season
will end far later than any previous season. He bases
his prediction on the closing date of the Breakers, which
will be March 10th.
It was indicated Wednesday that the F. E. C. would
be forced to run extra cars on each of the two sections
of its crack all-Pullman trains to care for the throngs
which are still trekking southward to escape the wintry
blasts of the frigid northlands.
According to Mr. May, this season was delayed because
of the influenza epidemic in the north and because, until
lately, there was no extreme cold in northern states.
F. H. Tucker, traveling passenger agent for the Illinois
Central Railroad, is booking northbound reservaitons far
into April, showing that, once the tourists have arrived
here, they are delaying their time of departure.
Mr. Tucker stated his railroad was running more extra
cars south this season than ever before. And, he ex-
plained, extra cars were only run when the regular cars
composing a train were filled.
Indicative of the number of people here for the season,
J. R. Wells, of New Orleans, special passenger agent for
the Southern Railway system here, was called to West
Palm Beach to care for northbound passengers when
they begin their northward travel.
Thirty buildings, residences, were built in Palm Beach
last summer, according to Alexander Gordon, executive
secretary of the Builders' Exchange, who insists that
this coming building season will probably surpass that
of last year. Much proposed building is in too tentative
a stage to permit him to announce contracts or bids, he
said, but declared the outlook bright.



Records of Even "Gold Rush" Year Are Sur-

(Palatka News, Feb. 22, 1929)
Miami, Fla., Feb. 19.-Predictions of "a record sea-
son" and new prosperity, made in the early fall by dis-
couraged but loyal Miamians whose will had withstood
both the crash of the real estate boom and the destruction
of a hurricane, have been realized and surpassed by a
winter season, the records of which overshadow all pre-
vious years, including the "gold rush" period from 1923
to 1926.
Facts and figures give indisputable evidence that even
the most skeptical must accept as evidence that Greater
Miami has returned to prosperity. But Miami is going
slowly and business and financial interests are reluctant
to discuss large transactions, fearful that the be-knickered
tribe of speculators will attempt a return engagement for
their "boom" show.
Greater Miami's winter population increase this year,
as compared with the 1927-28 season, is estimated vari-
ously at from 15 to 22 per cent.
Present deposit records show that approximately
$71,428 in "new money" is pouring into the bank tills
every hour. The weekly increases in deposits during
the last 30 days has ranged from $900,000 to an even
$2,000,000. Bank clearings last week totaled $3,594,000
as compared to $3,233,000 for the same period in 1928.
The five largest Miami banks have received $7,000,000
in deposits since September.
Realty transactions, including new sales, resales and
rentals, show an increase of from 20 to 25 per cent as
compared to last year.
Postoffice receipts for January, 1929, showed an in-
crease of approximately $2,000 over the same month last
year, and activity for February indicates a correspond-
ing increase for this month, according to O. W. Pittman,
postmaster. General delivery window demands have
made it necessary to increase the number of clerks by
five during the last week and there are now 14 clerks in
this department. The rush of business has made it
necessary to keep the general delivery, stamp and money
order windows open until 10 p. m. nightly.
Analysis of this summary shows Miami Beach and
Coral Gables apartments and hotels are full for the first
time since 1925 and that the overflow from the jammed
Miami hostelries is rapidly filling outlying apartment
houses, started, but completed too late for the boom
period rush.
Carl G. Fisher hotels at Miami Beach show an in-
crease in patronage of 24 per cent as compared to this
time last year. The total capacity of the five principal
Fisher hotels is 1,115, but the demand for accommoda-
tions has crowded 1,238 people on the registration list.
The Fleetwood, Floridan, Pancoast, Roney Plaza, Wof-
ford, Flamingo, Nautilus, Lincoln, King Cole and Boule-
vard hotels have been turning prospective guests away
for weeks and are booked solid for March. Several of
these are planning to extend their seasons from 10 to
15 days into April.
A corresponding condition has been true of Miami bay-
front hotels for weeks, and the McAllister, Columbus,
Watson, Everglades and Alcazar hotels have long waiting
lists for next month.

The Miami Biltmore and other Coral Gables hotels are
full for the first time since 1925.
Proof of these statements is to be found in every
hotel lobby daily. Winter visitors, tired after canvass-
ing the hotel district for space, wait for others to vacate
rooms or for the cancellation of reservations.
This crowded condition is even more impressive with
the increase in number of hotel and apartment units
since 1925.
Mayor E. G. Sewell estimates Greater Miami has 35 per
cent more apartment and hotel rooms than during 1925.


Where They Are Putting 240 Acres Into Fruit

(Milton Gazette, Feb. 19, 1929)
Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Bunte, together with their son
and daughter, arrived at the Crestview Farms and
Orchards, Inc., last Friday, staying over until Sunday
morning. They are on their way home to Chicago. They
have been touring in Mexico since Christmas. Mr. Bunte
is a member of the firm of Bunte Bros., the largest man-
ufacturers of confectionery in the world and are known
the world around for their superior quality of goods.
The firm of the Bunte Bros. began business in Chicago
over 100 years ago, and their factory in Chicago is the
largest of its kind in the world.
They became interested in land in this county several
years ago. The Crestview Farms and Orchards, Inc., own
22,000 acres in this county and the Bunte Bros. are the
heaviest stockholders in this organization.
The home farm which is located six miles south from
Crestview on the Valparaiso road contains 240 acres of
land. The first of last June this land was still in the
wilderness. Since that date they have cleared it, fenced
it, and built two fine farm homes, which are supplied with
electricity, hot and cold water and modern in every way;
also a splendid barn that houses all of the machinery.
Last fall there was a fine crop of velvet beans grown
on this land, which was plowed under for fertilizer and
the land resown to oats and rye, which will also be turned
The orchards which are being planted include 11,000
blueberry plants, 9,000 grape plants and 4,000 satsumas;
also Japanese persimmons, peaches, pears, etc. The farm
is very pretty and well cared for in every way. Shrub-
bery is planted around the houses and there will be a
good lawn.
There has not been much said in the papers relative
to this excellent enterprise, which means so much to
Okaloosa county and West Florida, for the reason that
the Buntes are doers and not talkers. Crestview and
Okaloosa county welcome the Crestview Farms and
Orchards, Inc., and we should have many more such
developments in this county with our superb climate,
our productive soil and our excellent domestic water, with
our good citizenship and our public schools, together with
our churches, means many new citizens during the next
two or three years. The northern people are just be-
ginning to find out what we have here and what can be
done with our fertile lands; within 30 minutes drive of
the Choctawatchee Bay, with its splendid resorts; Val-
paraiso with its winter golf course (one of the finest in
the south); Camp Walton with its fishing, boating, swim-
ming and many other attractions, including splendid
hotels.-Okaloosa News-Journal.



(Tampa Times, Jan. 31, 1929)
For the first time in several months, Tampa's banana
fleet was tied up at the municipal terminal yesterday
afternoon. The boats that bring bananas, plantains and
cocoanuts to Tampa, are the Florida, of the Banana
Distributing Company; the Louis Geraci, of N. Geraci and
Company, and the Princess May of the DiGiorgi Fruit
With the arrival of the Louis Geraci yesterday after-
noon from Honduras, the total cargoes of the three ships
were marked down as 32,100 stems of bananas; 47,000
plantains and 2,000 cocoanuts. The Florida and Prin-
cess May brought their cargoes from Baracoa, Cuba.
The Florida leaves this afternoon for Baracoa, Cuba;
the Louis Geraci is expected to start for Honduras this
afternoon or tomorrow, and the Princess May will leave
tomorrow morning for Baracoa, Cuba.


Owning Company Controls Eighty Acre Tract
Few Miles Southeast of Bradenton-First
Shipment Has Already Gone Forward

(Bradenton Herald, Feb. 24, 1929)
With the first carload shipment of stone from the
Florida Travertine Company, this county, already gone
to the northern markets, the new stone industry for
the county has passed the theoretical stage and is now
a reality.
The Johns Manville Company of New York has taken
over the agency for the product of the Travertine Com-
pany and the first shipment bears the name of this noted
concern so that the world may know who is handling this
product, confidently predicted by those who have made
an investigation, to become one of Florida's leading ex-
ports to the remainder of the country.
Large sums of money have already been invested in
the plant, located a few miles south of Manatee, much
stone having been quarried, and buildings erected and
expensive equipment for quarrying, dressing and hand-
ling the product, secured.
The quarry is located on the company's eighty acre
tract a few miles southeast of Bradenton. This traver-
tine deposit is said to be the only one of commercial
value in the United States. Tests have proven that 68
of the. 80 acres contain the rock. In much of the tract
the overburden ranges around four feet. The local rock
is more durable than the Roman product, it is asserted,
and can be cut many different ways to give various beau-
tiful colors.
Travertine can be used in the construction of fine
office buildings, railway stations, hotels, apartment houses
and private residences. It is claimed for travertine that
it compares favorably in price with marble and other
such stone and is favored by architects on account of
its unusual beauty.
The county lent cooperation to. the company by con-
structing a highway to the plant, and the local power
company aided by putting in a special high voltage line
to furnish power to operate the plant. A spur track
connects up the quarry with the railroad system.

Fully equipped with the most modern machinery ob-
tainable, costing a large sum of money, the plant is one
of the most modern in the country. Most of the traver-
tine that has been used in the United States has been
imported. Imported travertine pays a tariff of 65 cents
per cubic foot, it is stated.
Only one other travertine quarry besides this one is
known to exist in the United States, it is asserted. It
is located in a remote, mountainous section of Colorado
and is said to have been abandoned because its operation
was impractical from an economic viewpoint.
The local travertine, it is stated, clings to rubber heels,
and slipping on it with possible bodily injury is not as
likely to occur as on marble or other stone. For this
reason, it is said, the local stone is being substituted for
marble as a flooring in many railroad stations through-
out the country, for the safety of patrons.


37,000 Will Sign Books This Year, C. of C.
Officials Predict

(St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 23, 1929)
When registration of winter visitors at the Chamber
of Commerce went over the 30,000 mark as of Friday
morning, officials of the chamber and the publicity de-
partment, under Director John Lodwick, were ready to
make the statement that total registrations for this sea-
son will reach 37,000, breaking all records in the history
of the city.
The highest registration total ever recorded was that
for the season ending in June of 1924, when the hitherto
untouched figure stood at 33,368.
"We will register another 6,500," said Mr. Lodwick
Friday evening.
The season, a survey of officials of various transpor-
tation companies and business men showed Friday, will
be from 15 days to one month later in closing this year
than proved in the index one year ago. Here the peak
and the northward ebb will come from 10 to 15 days later
than for the cities on the east coast, following the course
of traffic as registered for several years.
If the basis of former years is taken for the movement
north and south this season, the peak of combined move-
ment north and south will come in April, while this peak
traffic of Florida visitors came last year in March.
Various reasons are assigned for this difference as com-
pared with the flow of traffic one year ago. A national
election came in November and many people of means
especially and those with big business interests remained
north after election day to see just how the country
reacted and what was to be the trend of the security
market and the effects on the employment field. Then,
too, came the widespread epidemic of influenza. Sick-
ness compelled many people to put off movement south.
As the wave passed, however, the movement south took
on additional impetus, because of the many people who
turned to Florida as the best place for convalescence and
recuperation after the severe strain of the flu. Florida
climate proved to be about 100 per cent safeguard against
relapse, and the news of this spread far and wide, in-
ducing still greater numbers of people to start for Florida
and its sunshine and flowers just so soon as they were
able to travel. This movement is still on, and accounts
for tens of thousands of the Florida visitors today.



Pickle Company Sends Seeds to the Chamber of
Commerce for Distribution

(Lake City Reporter, Feb. 8, 1929)
The cucumber seed for planting crops in this county
under contract between farmers of the county and pickle
manufacturers of New York City have arrived at the
chamber of commerce. The seed were furnished by the
pickle concern and a sufficient amount for planting
twenty-five acres more than the 204 acres already con-
tracted were sent, T. W. Karstedt stated.
On account of the extra seed the secretary stated he
would like to sign up twenty-five acres more. He also
has the "dope" for treating the seed against diseases
caused by bacteria. Unless treated the vines will be at-
tacked by parasites developed from the bacteria on the
seed. Three pounds of cucumber seed will: plant an acre
of ground.


(Palatka News, Feb. 18, 1929)
Plant City has shipped more than 1,500,000 quarts
of strawberries so far this season and netted therefrom
more than $470,000. And the heavy movement is just
getting under way. Hardee county, comparatively new
in the strawberry field, has forwarded more than 750,000
quarts, and has that much more yet to go. McIntosh,
one little shipping point in Marion county, is forwarding
about ten cars of cabbage daily. In the Hastings dis-
trict-the potato region of St. Johns, Flagler, Putnam
and Clay counties are included-the soil of more than
15,500 acres is producing Irish potatoes which soon will
begin to move by the trainload.
It is bad news for those Floridians who gauge the
state's economic condition by the volume of trading in
real estate.
Florida's shipping season begins September 1. Up
to and including February 15, the state had shipped the
following totals of various agricultural products:
Commodity. Carloads.
Oranges ............. ..... ... ............ .. 16,633
G rap efruit ........................... ... ........ .. 13,190
Tangerines .......... ... ... ........ ............. 2,110
Lettuce ..................... ..... .. ... ..... 1,141
Mixed vegetables............... .... .......... 813
P eppers ....................... ........... .......... 142
Tomatoes ............................. 1,171
Cabbage ................ .. .. ............ 1,047
C u cum b ers ............. ................ ..... ..... 99
C elery ......... ......... .... .. ... ................ 1,556
Strawberries .............. ...... ............ 358
Potatoes ............. ....... ..... ......... 6
Beans .............. .......... ........ 535
Through February 15, Florida had shipped 38,801 solid
carloads of fruits and vegetables, considerably less than
half of the season's crops.
Millions of dollars in cash are pouring into Florida
for its agricultural products to be distributed to fertilizer
concerns, business houses selling farming equipment, to
laborers and others employed in the industry. Virtually
all of this cash is being placed in circulation.
At this time, Florida is entertaining more visitors than
at any time in its history. At St. Petersburg the Cham-
ber of Commerce, for the first time in years, has been

compelled to establish a bureau for the listing of rooms
in private residences to take care of the crowds. Miami
is entertaining thousands. To realize how many visitors
are in that city, Miami Beach, Palm Beach and West
Palm Beach, it is necessary only to go to one of those
places and try to obtain accommodations at a hotel with-
out a previous reservation. Florida's tourist business
has been estimated as worth $200,000,000 annually. That
figure will be exceeded this season.
What all of this amounts to economically is best ex-
emplified by the remark of a business man last spring
in the course of a discussion of the situation during the
season of 1927-28. "Few of us are entering the sum-
mer with money on deposit at the bank," he said, "but
the debts we owe have been sharply reduced. We don't
owe as much now as we did last year."-State Cham-
ber of Commerce.


Cabbage, Cauliflower, and Celery Bring. Top

(St. Augustine Record, Jan. 27, 1929)
Hastings, Jan. 26.-The shipment of vegetables from
Hastings during the past two weeks is the direct cause of
much activity throughout this section, and has been the
means of employment for many laborers. Business is
on the upward trend and from present indications will
continue so until after the harvesting of potatoes.
According to figures furnished a Herald representative,
15 cars of cabbage and 15 of cauliflower have gone for-
ward to northern markets since Monday, January 14th.
It is said that cabbage sold around $2.00 to $2.50.
Bugbee Distributing Company is handling the bulk of
produce being shipped from this section and has made
heavy shipments of cabbage and cauliflower from the
company's own farms. They have a large acreage planted
to celery which they expected to start cutting at once.
It seems as though diversified farming in the Hastings
potato section has come to stay. Many farmers here
are already planning large acreages to be planted to
cucumbers, peppers, squash, watermelons and other crops,
which probably means that in the future something will
be shipped from Hastings every month in the year. It
has been fully demonstrated that Hastings soil will grow
most anything planted and many changes in farm methods
are taking place throughout the entire section with a
tendency leaning more and more towards diversification.


(Okaloosa News-Journal, Feb. 14, 1929)
Ground was broken this week for the canning plant
and the building will be rushed to completion, the main
building being 40x80. The Producers' Association pro-
posed to have this cannery ready for business April 1st.
This is something that is absolutely needed for the
protection of the farmers. Make your farmers prosper-
ous and your town will prosper. Don't overlook the fact
that this cannery means much to Crestview and help push
the proposition over. There is not a business man in this
county who can afford to turn this proposition down. It
means as much for the business man as it does for the



Large Machine to Furnish Material for Taylor
Road Department

(Perry Herald, Jan. 31, 1929)
The rock crusher located across the Taylor county line
in Jefferson county was installed Tuesday and now only
awaits the acceptance of the county road department
before it will actually be used to crush the rock that is
being used in making the various road repairs in the
This machine was purchased from Maddox Foundry
and Machine Works of Archer about the first of the
year for approximately five thousand.dollars. When run-
ning at capacity the crusher will have a daily output of
about six hundred tons.
When finally accepted the machine will begin to crush
the rock taken from the 160-acre tract recently pur-
chased by the county, and will be sent to the various
road camps as material with which to complete the road
repairing program now under way. The quality of rock
underlying the surface of the land is of exceptional
quality and is found in abundance. Already crews have
been assigned to clearing the overburden of growth
preparatory to the actual work of taking the rock from
the soil.
The rock is of hard limestone composition, and, when
properly laid, is the foundation for some of the best
roads in the country. Due to the quantity of road work
being done in Taylor county the purchase and installa-
tion of such a machine will be the means of saving the
road department of the county a vast sum of money in
as much as otherwise the rock would have to be bought
and crushed elsewhere and shipped to the points of its
When ready for use the machine will be under the
supervision of Engineer C. E. Jackson of the road de-
The first of the rock will, in all probability, be used to
furnish the foundation for the Waylonza road now under


(Wakulla County News, Jan. 31, 1929)
Wakulla county is to have an ice plant in operation
within a few weeks, according to plans announced by
H. N. Walker of St. Marks. Work is already under way
on the building to house the plant and the machinery has
been shipped and every effort is being made to have the
plant installed and at work within the next two of three
St. Marks uses hundreds of tons of ice annually in con-
nection with the fishing industry, and this move on the
part of Mr. Walker will greatly reduce the cost and will
provide better icing service for the thousands of pounds
of fish marketed at that place.
A six ton daily capacity plant is being installed, but it
is generally believed that within a few years there will
be even a greater demand for ice at this place than the
present plant will provide. The plant, however, is being
built so that other units may be added from time to
time as the need arises.
It is the plan of Mr. Walker to supply the needs of all
fish dealers at St. Marks and to furnish ice to any one
who may call for it. The water from the flowing well

which has recently been brought into use at St. Marks
will be used in the manufacture of the ice.
As was announced in the Wakulla County News sev-
eral weeks ago this flowing well is the first fresh water
supply that St. Marks has ever been able to secure. For
many years the supply of fresh water has been hauled in,
but the well which was established by Mr. Walker fur-
nishes a plentiful water supply for the entire com-
The News is delighted indeed to see Mr. Walker take
this advance step to provide a product which is largely
used in Wakulla county. With the fish industry becoming
more prominent in the county each year there is reason
to look for other developments along these lines in other
communities from time to time.
In the first issue of the Wakulla County News last
August, we stated that there should be an ice plant estab-
lished in this county to care for the fishing industry. We
hope to see others follow Mr. Walker's lead and supply
other commodities which are used extensively in the


Wisconsin Man Completes Negotiations for
Land in Avon Park

(Highlands County News, Feb. 3, 1929)
Avon Park, Feb. 7.-A. D. Chesley, of Fond du Lac,
Wisconsin, has completed negotiations for a tract of land
in the northern part of this city where he plans to estab-
lish a large chicken ranch. Work on construction of
necessary buildings and the location of flocks which will
total more than 10,000 chickens, will begin in 30 days,
Mr. Chesley announced.
This is the second large poultry farm to be located in
Avon Park during the year, the first being that of Alfred
Engelmann, whose ranch is now operated in connection
with the Rex Beach Farm Colony. Both Mr. Engelmann
and Mr. Chesley will operate a commercial hatchery in
connection with their poultry farms. For the Chesley
farm Engelmann has received an order to hatch approx-
imately 3,000 pedigreed white leghorns within the next
90 days.
In placing this order, Mr. Chesley said that he had
planned to import pedigreed chickens from Wisconsin,
but found that the birds available from the Engelmann
stock here were as fine as he could get anywhere.


(Kissimmee Valley Gazette, Feb. 5, 1929)
Pat Johnston, H. O. Partin, L. R. Farmer, H. A.
Stevens and Bob Donegan returned last Friday from a
nine day trip through Texas, during which they visited
Houston, Pierce, San Antonio, Eden and Fort Worth.
The object of the journey was to buy Brahma bulls, these
animals being immune to the Texas fever tick. Mr.
Stevens purchased 70 bulls and Pat Johnston 35. The
party viewed the immense cattle yards at Fort Worth,
but Pat Johnston stated his opinion that cattle oppor-
tunities were better here than in Texas, and needed only
two things to be completely successful, better bulls and
tick eradication.




Velvet Beans Grown on Farms of Crestview Farms and Orchards, Inc.
Crestview, Okaloosa County, Florida


(St. Augustine Record, Feb. 20, 1929)
Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 20.-Ask the boys at the
Jacksonville Terminal and they'll tell you that, as far as
trains are concerned, this is proving one of the biggest
touring seasons Florida has ever known-especially along
the East Coast.
The peak of the southbound passenger rush appears to
be here now, though it may be that the Sharkey-Stribling
bout will give it another boost soon. Saturday night no
less than four regular trains were so heavy with over-
flow sleepers that they were obliged to move in two sec-
tions, and practically every other train southbound, and
a few northbound as well, carried at least one extra
coach, while many carried three or four extras.
Sunday night was heavier still. Just between 9 and 11
o'clock Sunday night twenty-five extra Pullmans were
sent south along the Florida East Coast, and the Floridan,
Illinois Central Flier, operated in two sections.
Last night the Floridan, which has been breaking all
records for Chicago-St. Louis passenger service to
Florida this year, again arrived in two sections. The
Havana Special carried two extra sleepers, and the
Miamian, the Gulf Stream Express, the Palmetto Limited,
the Biscayne and the Seaboard Florida Limited carried
one extra sleeper each.


(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 20, 1929)
Business conditions in Florida have improved and the
mental attitude of the people shows a remarkable change
from the depression of a year ago, Arthur A. Eddy,
president and founder of the Eddy & Eddy Manufactur-
ing Company, one of the largest packing and canning
corporations in the country, said here yesterday.
"I have observed a spirit of optimism in Tampa," Mr.
Eddy said. "You are getting ahead, the people are en-
thusiastic and I believe the upward trend in business
morale indicates a definite improvement looking towards
permanent prosperity."
Mr. Eddy has been coming to Tampa every year for
the last three years and his opinion concerning condi-
tions locally was based on long experience in active man-
agement of his corporation, which operates distributing
agencies in every state. He is spending his vacation in
Tampa as the guest of Marcus Alexander, 3412 Almeria
avenue, Golf View Park.
Mr. Eddy is 78 years old, but has retained the vitality
and complexion of a man 20 years younger. He ascribes
this to freedom from worry and explained his personal
philosophy of life in one sentence.
"The best way to prevent worry," he said, "is to avoid
becoming entangled in situations which beget worry."



Large Catches of Red Snapper, Grouper, Blue
Fish and Black Bass Caught by Local Boats

(New Smyrna Breeze, Jan. 25, 1929)
There are probably few people realize the magnitude
of the fishing industry that is being carried on in New
Smyrna this season, and only a visit to the houses located
on the bridge road between this city and Coronado Beach
will give them any idea as to the amount of this product
that is being shipped.
The New Smyrna Fish Company, under the manage-
ment of Wm. C. White, dealing mostly in ocean fish, re-
ports heavy catches all the season. Mr. White stated
that only the surplus was shipped away from this com-
munity, as they supplied all the hotels and restaurants,
as well as retail dealers in Daytona Beach and mostly
New Smyrna. At that, he reports the following ship-
ments made to northern points during the past week:
Last Friday, January 18th, 12 barrels shrimp and 11
barrels of fish; Saturday, 14 barrels fish and 46 barrels
of shrimp; Monday, 27 barrels of fish; Tuesday, 27
barrels fish; Wednesday, 52 barrels fish and eight barrels
shrimp; Thursday, 13 barrels fish.
These fish are the finest that swim, composed of large
red snapper, blue fish, black sea bass, grouper, bonitas,
dolphin, kingfish, Thimbli mackerel, etc. There are now
six fish boats and two shrimp boats operating for the
Ocean Fish Company, and Mr. White states that most
of them are making excellent catches; one boat in par-
ticular has averaged an eighty dollar catch daily for the
past several weeks.
Mr. Fodale, who has only been here for a little more
than one week this season, reports some very heavy
catches of shrimp. A number of carloads have been
shipped since his arrival, three of which were made this
week as follows: Tuesday, one car consisting of 105
barrels; Wednesday, one car consisting of 160 barrels,
and Thursday, one car of 160 barrels. These shrimp
are being caught now off Cape Canaveral and besides the
some fifteen boats operating out of New Smyrna under
Mr. Fodale, there are numerous other boats operating
from other points on the East Coast, most all of which
would probably locate in New Smyrna were it not for
the disadvantage of getting in and out of the inlet.
The heading of the large catches of shrimp furnishes
employment to a large number of colored laborers, and
the writer had the pleasure of watching Mr. Fodale pay
off this labor. Each person, consisting of men, women
and children, are given a check for each bucket of
headed shrimp, and at the end of the day he turns in
his checks and receives the cash. Yesterday was no ex-
ceptional day but some fifty negroes were paid a sum
ranging anywhere from fifty cents to six dollars, which
daily amount adds greatly to the business of New Smyrna


(Bradenton Herald, Feb. 15, 1929)
Special prizes have been awarded the growers of sugar
beets in the county this year. Many fine specimens are
on display at the Manatee county fair showing that this
branch of agriculture will provide one of the coming
industries of the state.


(Palm Beach Post, Feb. 13, 1929)
Passenger traffic into Florida is heavier now than ever
in history, trains are bringing record loads and reserva-
tions for Pullman accommodations are in demand, be-
yond the ability of railroads to supply, according to
Harold Colee, public relations executive of the Florida
East Coast Railway.
Mr. Colee's statement was made at the meeting Tues-
day of the transportation group of the All Florida Takes
Inventory Congress.
He supplemented his declaration with figures which re-
vealed an unprecedented tourist movement into the state.
"All our southbound trains have been running in sec-
tions for some time and we are booked solid through
February 23," Mr. Colee declared.
"Travel has been so heavy this year," he continued,
"that the Florida East Coast has made plans to maintain
several trains in seasonal operation longer than last
F. B. May, city passenger agent here, substantiated
Mr. Colee's statement Tuesday afternoon, declaring that
for the first time since he has been here, trains were
being run in two or more sections.
The Miamian, New York to Miami train, the "fastest
train in the world for the distance covered," is run-
ning in two sections as is the Gulf Stream Express, both
of which are "crack" trains, Mr. May declared.
Bookings are solid for weeks in advance, Mr. Mays
said, as he predicted the present season would extend
far beyond the usual winter season. He based his pre-
diction on the unprecedented number of passengers com-
ing to West Palm Beach and farther south.
This season was late getting started because many peo-
ple in the north believed Florida to be digging itself out
of the hurricane wreckage and later because of the in-
fluenza epidemic in the north.
Many, however, came down, and they will return to
spread the gospel of sunshine-in-the-tropics through the
frigid north. Countless others are writing their friends
of the favorable conditions here.
Incoming thousands are the result.


(Palm Beach Post, Feb. 20, 1929)
Fort Pierce, Feb. 19.-St. Lucie county again this
season has made the first shipment of new potatoes from
the state, two carloads having been -shipped by the Bug-
bee Distributing Company, which controls a crop of ap-
proximately 500 acres in this county.
The season's first shipment graded more than 90 per
cent No. Is. They came from the 139-acre field of
Raulerson & Hall, west of the city, which is showing a
yield of around 50 barrels to the acre, nearly double that
of last season's crop.
Shipment of potatoes will continue steadily from this
county's 800-acre crop until the early part of April, it is
expected. The Bugbee company has under lease and is
operating the South Florida Products Corporation pack-
ing plant on South Second street. Two to four cars will
be handled daily.
At an average yield of 40 barrels to the acre the total
county crop should turn out approximately 32,000 barrels
of potatoes, or approximately 214 carloads.



Improvements in Plant Equipment and Addi-
tional Office Forces Enable Putnam Lumber
Company to Reach High Figure

(Dixie County News, Jan. 31, 1929)
One hundred and eight million feet of pine and cypress
Timber is fixed as the annual output of the Putnam Lum-
ber Company's plant, Shamrock. Enlargements in plant
equipment and office force makes this figure possible, say
company officials.
At present 1,250 people are employed in all branches
of service from company executives to laborers. Forces
have been enlarged and it has been necessary to build
several new houses to care for families which have been
brought here to fill the new positions.
One of the most important changes was the moving
from Jacksonville of the pines sales and auditing depart-
ment, which provides for the employment of several addi-
tional people, mostly men trained for higher positions.
It was necessary to construct new offices at the plant,
which have just been completed and occupied.
Mr. C. L. Effinger is in charge of the auditing depart-
ment, while Mr. J. E. Crosby has assumed management
of the sales department. A Simplex telegraph machine
has been installed and is operated by Miss Pauline C.
Priest, formerly of Jacksonville, who also does the sec-
retarial work. Mr. M. L. Fleischel, the company's presi-
dent will, as before, spend most of his time in Shamrock.
The cypress unit was completed and begun production
four months past, bringing the combined production of
both cypress and pine to more than 350,000 feet per day.
Within the next few days the planing mill capacity
will be practically doubled to care for additional cypress
Operation of the huge plant which manufactures the
well known Suwannee River Pine and Suwannee River
Red Cypress, brings thousands of dollars into circulation
in Dixie county.
The company maintains a large commissary on the
grounds, known as the Dixie Mercantile Company, stock-
ing every needed article and all under a single roof.


(Holmes County Advertiser, Feb. 22, 1929)
N. D. Miller inaugurated a new move in produce ship-
ments this morning when a large Chevrolet truck, heavily
loaded with eggs, chickens, potatoes, syrup and home-
made sausage, left for St. Petersburg, where the cargo
will be sold direct to retailers. The truck will arrive in
St. Petersburg early Saturday morning, thus giving resi-
dents of the Sunshine City the opportunity of having
fresh produce from Holmes county farms for their Sun-
day dinners. This initial shipment contained more than
300 dozen of fresh yard eggs, several coops of young
fryers, to say nothing of the delicious home-made sausage
and yam potatoes, etc. Mr. Miller is a large buyer of
produce and is a leader in this particular field in West
Florida. He plans regular truck shipments to South Flor-
ida points in the future.


All Phases of Industry Shown in Exhibit

(Tarpon Springs Leader, Feb. 19, 1929)
An interesting feature in the school life of the gram-
mar school will be the exhibit next week of the sponge
industry, gotten up by the pupils of the sixth grade.
Under the capable direction of their teacher, Mrs.
Annie Elkins, pupils have taken this sponge project and
cleverly worked it out from every angle until they have
the complete industry in miniature. The sponge boat
itself, picturesque with its many gay colors and quaint
outlines; the diver, so realistic in his suit, which has been
faithfully carried out from his heavy leaden boots to his
helmet, that you can scarcely believe he is less than two
feet in height; the sponge itself is there in every grade
and has been all carefully graded and assorted; a tiny
bale has been put up to show just how the sponge leaves
its home port; shells, sea weed and various other interest-
ing things found in the briny deep have been added to
give color and added information.
Rounding out the information side of the project they
have cleverly made a booklet, giving the story of the
sponge industry and illustrated it with pictures which
they took with their kodaks and which will add much
to the whole exhibit from an educational standpoint.
They have not only completed one entire exhibit, but
have made two, one of which will be sent with the com-
pliments of the sixth grade to the demonstration school
in Tallahassee, where it will no doubt be received with
the real appreciation due it.
Tarpon Springs should feel proud that its students can
assemble and make such a praiseworthy exhibit of its
biggest industry. Mrs. Elkins and her pupils are glad to
invite the public to see this exhibit, beginning Tuesday
afternoon and continuing every afternoon throughout the
school week.


(Times-Union, Feb. 23, 1929)
Plant City, Feb. 23.-Smashing forward on its record-
making path, the local strawberry market today added
122,400 quarts to its sales total for the season, run-
ning that total to 2,426,320 quarts, for which East Hills-
borough growers have received $672,241.
The growers have received better than $150,000 for
750,000 quarts of berries marketed this week, today's
sales alone adding $28,152 to the cash returns.
The price average today was 23 cents per quart, the
best recorded this week, and the day's business gave a
strong finish to one of the best weeks ever recorded by
the strawberry industry in Florida. Forwardings this
week have gone out in ninety-eight solid cars, and sev-
eral thousand pony refrigerators. Shipments in solid
carlots up to tonight had considerably more than doubled
the full record for last season, 285 such carloads rolling
this season to date, as compared with a total of 131 solid
cars for the entire season last year.
The Dover market had handled over sixty additional
solid cars up to tonight, whereas a year ago that market
shipped its first car last season on February 16. Total
berry shipments from Plant City and Dover this season
are now close to the 3,000,000 quart mark, for which
the combined cash total runs slightly better than



Will Bring Close to $1,000 Into County-Loca-
tion Ideal to Get Top Prices

(Highlands County Pilot, Jan. 30, 1929)
Movement of the first truck load of chickens to the
East Coast from this section was announced Tuesday by
Alfred Engelmann, Avon Park poultryman, who, in con-
junction with N. B. Jackson, Venus, made up a consign-
ment of 800 fryers for Palm Beach consumption.
"They weighed around 2 % pounds and we were offered
50 cents per pound in Palm Beach," said Mr. Engelmann,
"which means we will bring close to $1,000 in new money
into the county from this one trip.
"In Highlands county we are fortunately located to
secure the top price for poultry," he added. "Right in
the heart of the state with either the East Coast or the
West Coast at our front door, and with a direct hard
road to the north reaching the larger central Florida
resorts, we can look about for the market that offers the
top price and reach it with a minimum of effort.
"If the West Coast market is glutted, we can turn to
the East Coast, or vice versa. And if both are weak we
can truck north to Orlando or Lake county resorts.
"I am not surprised a bit at the report of another
10,000 hen poultry farm being projected for this city.
There is no other location so favorable.
"Take this shipment for instance. Jacksonville is
offering 36 cents, West Palm Beach is offering 50 cents,
and St. Petersburg and Tampa markets offered 44 cents.
So we sent the lot to West Palm Beach."


(Manatee County Advertiser, Feb. 1, 1929)
Dr. A. E. Huntsman, professor of Toronto University
and head of the Canadian biological station at St. An-
drews, New Brunswick and in Nova Scotia, was a visitor
in Manatee last week, the guest of his cousion, Mr. Geo.
Dr. Huntsman visited all parts of Manatee county and
was very much interested in its natural resources, ex-
pressing the opinion that the future should see many
new industries established here. Dr. Huntsman's prin-
cipal hobby is fisheries and he gathered a number of
marine specimens here and was very much interested in
the local fishing industry at Cortez.
Dr. Huntsman expressed surprise at the size of the
industry at Cortez, the number of men employed, the
fact that the fishermen are the best paid workingman
and the prosperity of the town as evidenced by the snug
homes of those engaged in the industry. Upon being
informed that there is much deterioration during ship-
ment of fish to New York and Washington and waste be-
cause some of the shipments do not reach their destina-
tion in good condition, Dr. Huntsman declared that the
fishing industry could be enlarged and made more profit-
able by the installation of a process recently perfected
at the St. Andrews station.
At the St. Andrews station Dr. Huntsman has under
him a staff composed both of mature scientists and young
university graduates which is distinguishing itself.
Iodine is being made from sea weed, insulin from the
pancreas of fish, a parasite being sought which will
destroy barnacles, etc. But the most notable recent suc-

cess of this Canadian government station has been the
perfection of this process for refrigeration of fish.
Immediately upon being caught the fish are placed
upon working tables, the heads and bones removed, the
flesh cut into fillits, which are packed in blocks like ice
cream bricks and immediately frozen and wrapped in
waxed paper and carton ready for shipment.
Fish shipped in this way are ready for the skillet and
reach the consumer in the same fresh condition in which
they were taken from the water. Experiments have been
made in the shipment of fish from St. Andrews to
Toronto, a distance about equivalent to that from Cortez
to Washington or New York. The success of the process
has been demonstrated, consumers are enthusiastic about
the process and the station is now preparing to turn it
over to commercial fishermen and packers for the im-
provement of the industry.
It was in connection with the development of the pro-
cess as a practical industry in Canada, that Dr. Hunts-
man was compelled to cut short his visit here. He ex-
pressed a desire to visit Manatee county again and to
make a further study of its resources.


(Columbia Gazette, Feb. 14, 1929)
A representative of a leading New York soup canning
company has been in touch with Secretary Karstedt of
late, and will shortly come to Lake City to make final
arrangements, if everything is found satisfactory, to
have Columbia county farmers grow carrots by contract.
The carrots are a long, slim variety used in making up
the canned soups in the fall months, and the idea is to
have the carrots growing here by fall, the company fur-
nishing seed and arranging for the shipping, a special
price being agreed upon.
It is further stated by Secretary Karstedt that the soup
canning concern aforesaid now has a contract with Texas
truck farmers for the necessary carrots, but Florida is
much nearer to their canneries in New Jersey and there
are other more favorable conditions that especially in-
cline them to come to this part of North Florida.
Farmers say that carrots are easily grown here and
are comparatively little trouble to harvest, and there is
little doubt that it will be a good side-line. It is ex-
pected, further, that inasmuch as the company's canned
soup is a standard and popular brand, that large quanti-
ties of the carrots will have to be raised here to supply
the needs of the company, at good prices.
It is also hoped that other vegetables needed in the
canned soups aforesaid will be grown here on contract,
once connections are established.
The name of the soup canners is not given out be-
cause the negotiations are still in progress.


(Columbia Gazette, Feb. 21, 1929)
At the close of last week twenty-eight carloads of
turnips and turnip greens have been shipped from Val-
dosta, contributions of the farms of Lowndes county.
The shipments have gone into eastern points, Pennsyl-
vania being an especially good market for turnips at
this season of the year. The crop is easily grown and is
inexpensive and generally most attractive returns are
received from the shipments. Columbia county farmers
would do well to study this plan.



(Leesburg Commercial, Feb. 17, 1929)
Leesburg cabbage shippers sent 22 cars to market last
week, three of them dispatched by J. Chester Lee, four
by G. B. Spivey, six by J. C. Saunder's and nine by the
Leesburg Truckers' Association. H. K. Crenshaw and
R. C. Bridges, Coleman factors in the cabbage deal, for-
warded 17 cars, and two cars were moved from Center
Hill. Prices continue unsatisfactory.
Webster's shipments of strawberries continued through
the week, attaining a total of 75 pony refrigerators,
averaging 80 quarts each. Most growers have received
25 cents a quart or better, considered very good returns.
Again last week English peas brought money into the
Webster area, 75 hampers having gone out at an f. o. b.
price of about $2.50 each. Ten crates of Brussels
sprouts also went forward from Webster.
Center Hill vegetable men have taken up English pea
growing on a limited scale, and some of them marketed
about 30 crates during the seven day period ending
Saturday. Prevailing price was also $2.50 per hamper.
Bushnell movement of English peas were heavier than
at either of the other two Sumter county points, reach-
ing a total for the week of 143 crates, all shipped by
G. W. Nelson, who likewise reported an average price of
Indications are that at least 500 acres in the immediate
vicinity of Webster will be planted to strawberries be-
fore next season.


Future Farmers Have First Annual Event

(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 3, 1929)
The first annual dinner of the Future Farmers of
Florida was held at the Hillsboro Hotel last night when
prizes were awarded to winners in the judging contests
at the South Florida Fair.
The silver loving cup offered by the State Department
of Agriculture to the winning school team was won by
Aucilla school, under leadership of T. A. Treadwell.
Plant City and Sanford won second places.
High score for individuals was won by Ruben Reams,
Aucilla; second place, Arthur Bissot, Winter Haven, and
third, William Anglin, Fort Lauderdale.
Other winners were: Animals, Jersey Cattle-Herman
Buehl, Sebring; Claud Crosby, Vero Beach, and William
Platt, Summerfield. Aberdeen-Angus-Robert White,
Sebring; Marshall Watkins, Plant City, and Arthur
Bissett, Winter Haven. Shorthorns-Philip Feagle,
Mason; Kempis Carpenter, Montverde, and Roberson
Daley, St. Cloud.
Other Classes
Hogs-William Anglin, Franklin Smith,. Monticello, and
Ruben Reems. Poland Chinas-Franklin Smith, Donald
Davidson, Monticello, and Ruben Reems. Duroc-
Jerseys-George Smith and Bernard Etheridge, Sebring,
and William Platt..
Poultry, White Leghorns-Glen Hickson, Montverde;
Bill Jefferson, Plant City, and Boyd Voorhees, Moore
Haven. Barred Plymouth Rocks-William Platt, Arthur
Bissett and Sayre Kelley, Sebring. Rhode Island Reds-
Gilbert Smith, Vero Beach; Philip Feagle and Claud

In the fruits and vegetables contest, Maxie Feagle of
Mason; Ralph Fagile, Monticello, and Fred George, San-
ford, were winners in orange judging. Boyd Vorhees,
Kenneth Morris, of Brandon, and William Anglin, for
grapefruit. Sheeley Witt, Mason; Philip Feagle, and
James Proctor of Summerfield for beans.
Opened With Ritual
J. G. Smith was toastmaster at the dinner and J. F.
Williams, Jr., supervisor of vocational agriculture, spoke.
The affair was opened by the Plant City Chapter of
Future Farmers with the regular ritual.
R. Wallace Davis welcomed the visitors and County
School Superintendent W. D. F. Snipes made a short talk.
W. T. Watkins also spoke, and the winners were an-
nounced by E. W. Garris of Gainesville. R. D. Maltby,
federal supervisor for the southeastern district, pre-
sented the prizes.
W. G. Brorein extended greetings from the South
Florida Fair Association, and Mrs. Maltby took part in a
musical program. Teachers of the state and honor guests
were introduced and made brief talks. More than 120
pupils and teachers were present.


Exhibit Wins $400 Award for Quality Products

(By Horace A. Dunn, in Tampa Times, Feb. 4, 1929)
Featuring the practical, rather than the "showy" side
of the section which it represents, the Lee county exhibit
at the South Florida Fair is attracting wide and favor-
able comment this year. This booth, by far the most at-
tractive display ever arranged for the exhibition of Lee
county agricultural products, is one of the outstanding
attractions because of its unusual and interesting tropi-
cal fruit exhibit.
The peculiar Brazil nuts, often referred to as cannon
ball nuts, are attracting considerable attention. The
nuts, about the size of cannon balls, were taken from the
only Brazil nut tree in the United States, which is located
in the garden of the Royal Palm Hotel at Fort Myers.
A cluster of huge cocoanuts from the famous Thomas
A. Edison estate at Fort Myers, several bunches of
bananas, a prize winning display of tropical papayas,
known for their medical value because of their vegetable
pepsin contents, and other interesting tropical and sub-
tropical fruits make up a display of fruits other than
citrus which took one of the prize ribbons.
Lee also has a complete display of preserved and
canned products. Samples of fruit juices, jellies, pre-
serves, butters, marmalades, jams, pickles, conserves,
relishes, canned vegetables, canned meats, canned fruits,
syrups, catsups and vinegars are attractively arranged
under soft blue lights.
The booth is decorated with potted Cocos Plumosa
palms, crotons, Washingtonia palms and fern. Handsome
oil paintings of picturesque tropical views near Fort
Myers and fresh cut flowers finish off the decorations.


(American Eagle, Feb. 21, 1929)
Did you know that 95 per cent of the guava jelly sold
on the marts of the world is made in Jacksonville?
Such is the case, however, according to George K.
Archibald, general manager of the East Coast Preserving



Tourists of West Coast Want More Manatee
County Eggs

(Manatee County Advertiser, Feb. 22, 1929)
West Coast Poultry Association is behind with orders
for fresh eggs and while handling forty cases a day
could readily dispose of two or three times the present
production. M. V. Walters, manager of the association,
said today that Miami alone would take 100 cases of the
west coast product.
Earlier in the season the association, comprising pro-
ducers in Manatee and Sarasota counties, furnished many
eggs for the east coast trade, but recently the entire
product of the enterprise is taken by the cities of the
west coast, with St. Petersburg leading in the demand on
Land o' Manatee poultrymen.
With increased demand the price has advanced mate-
rially and is higher than a few weeks ago, and nine cents
the dozen higher than at a corresponding time a year ago.
The manager attributes increased use of fresh eggs to
the larger number of tourists in the state, the largest
number in Manatee county and in the state, it is believed,
that ever has visited the region at any one time.
Low prices for eggs and high prices for feed which
prevailed last year caused many poultrymen in the state
to retire from the business, says Mr. Walters.
Record of producers who have survived will show, it is
said, that these successful ones generally are those who
are giving attention to the growing of forage and other
feed for their flocks, and is said to demonstrate that this
feature of the industry is to play an important and con-
trolling part in development and progress of the west
coast generally.
The association is now selling its product at 36 cents
the dozen by the case, a price at which the producer is
receiving a reasonable profit.


New Industry To Be Intalled in Warehouse
Near Seaboard Freight Depot

(Ocala Star, Feb. 20, 1929)
A peanut shelling plant for Ocala is not only assured,
but the machinery will arrive in the city the latter part
of this week, according to announcement of J. T.
Williams, who will operate it. It will be installed in what
is known as the old Moses warehouse in the rear of the
Carmichael block, with trackage connections with the
Seaboard Air Line railroad. A test run of the plant will
be made either Monday or Tuesday.
The plant will have a capacity enabling it to handle
500 bushels of peanuts in an eight-hour day, and this
amount can be doubled or tripled by working two or
more shifts. It is of the very latest type, adjustable to
permit the shelling of large or small nuts without break-
ing, and may be used for shelling velvet beans or field
peas as well as peanuts. For the present it will be used
to shell nuts purchased by the farmers for seed, but
later will be available for the crop expected to be planted
this year.
Mr. Williams spent a considerable time traveling
through the peanut growing section of the south study-

ing types of machinery used, as well as the best varieties
of nuts to be grown, and in this way was able to select
the very best type of plant made for the work desired.
He has already completed plans for the purchase and in-
stallation of a second plant with a capactiy several times
the one purchased, and will close the deal should the
acreage actually planted indicate that such action will be
warranted. This second plant will be ready for operation
in September if it is needed.
Besides shelling nuts for the growers of this section,
Mr. Williams is arranging to purchase all crops grown
in this section, and already is being deluged with in-
quiries from confectioners in this and other states as to
whether he can supply their needs next fall and winter.
In his recent trip of inspection he had a number of op-
portunities to make sales of considerable quantities, one
being a request for 300 bushels, had there been any
stock of nuts on hand in Ocala. The party wishing this
large quantity finally secured them in Columbus, Ga.,
he said, and closed the deal for them in 10 minutes.
Mr. Williams is quite enthusiastic over the peanut
possibilities for this section. There is an almost un-
limited demand for them, which will be increased with
the enforcement of a higher tariff on imported nuts, and
the only way, in his opinion, for the peanut industry
not to become a paying one, and one of our leading
agricultural activities, will be for the farmers not to pro-
duce them.


Residents of Eighteen States Invest in Florida
Land in Single Year

(St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 2, 1929)
Men and women from 18 states and from three foreign
countries have purchased groves to a total value of more
than $1,000,000 in Howey-in-the-Hills, according to an-
nual tabulation for 1928, given out at the local offices
of the company in charge of W. A. Kenmuir, Friday.
"The company's auditor has sent me word," said Ken-
muir, "that in these sales 81 per cent of the total price
has been paid in cash, showing that about $810,000 has
been paid into Florida for citrus groves in our one en-
terprise alone during 1928."
The groves were sold in plots ranging from five acres
each up to 115 acres, one New Jersey man making the
topnotch purchase.
The states represented in the purchases are Florida,
Tennessee, New York, New Jersey, Maine, Iowa, Virginia,
Mississippi, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Minnesota, Ken-
tucky, Indiana, Michigan, Texas and Connecticut.
In addition, groves were purchased by people from
Cuba, Scotland and Canada. The purchaser in Scotland
resides in Edinburg.
The Howey groves cover a total of 102,000 acres, and
of this total 14,000 acres are now bearing, or coming
into bearing age. Counting 48 trees to the acre, the
plantings now amount to 672,000 trees. Some rows
have a straightaway length of three miles, and a big fleet
of tractors is used for cultivation. The Howey groves
have their own packing house, in operation for the first
time this season. Oranges from these groves topped the
New York auction market recently at $4.96 a box. The
bulk of the crop at Howey is the Valencia orange, and
this will not come in for several weeks. The groves have
been shipping pineapple oranges.





Winter Vegetable Movement, Delayed by Flood,
Finally Gets Under Way

(Everglades News, Feb. 15, 1929)
Thirty-four carloads of beans were shipped under re-
frigeration from upper Everglades stations of the Florida
East Coast railroad in the seven days ending February
13th, and the estimate yesterday was for shipments at
the same rate for the remainder of the week, and increas-
ing next week. In addition to the car-lot shipments, the
equivalent of nine cars rolled by express.
This marks the opening of the winter vegetable ship-
ping season, the movement having been delayed by the
storm and flood last fall and the freeze in January.
Sixteen of the 34 cars were loaded at Belle Glade-
Chosen and 18 at the stations in the Pahokee-Canal
Point district. The day by day movement since last
Thursday was: Feb. 7th, five cars; Feb. 8th, five cars;
Feb. 9th, four cars; Feb. 10th (Sunday), no loadings;
Feb. 11th, three cars; Feb. 12th, eight cars; Feb. 13th,
nine cars. Of the seven cars loaded in the Pahokee-
Canal Point district Tuesday three were from Station
O. B. 301 and one from Sand Cut siding.
Express shipments amounted to 932 hampers Tuesday
night and 920 Monday night; prior to that the daily
express movement was about 500 hampers, practically
all of it being beans, the number of hampers of expressed
peas being small. Two-thirds of the express is to
southern and western points, some hampers going as far
west as Houston, Texas. Northern markets got about
one-third of the express business.
The carlot and express shipments amounted to about
15,000 hampers, which sold at an average price of $3 a
hamper at destination, a total value of $45,000.


Thousands of Grapevines Delivered for Plant-
ing in County

(Times Herald, Feb. 1, 1929)
Over twenty thousand one-year-old Florida Beacon
grape vines have been delivered for setting in Putnam
county during the past ten days, according to the County
Chamber of Commerce, as part of the initial planting of
grapes in this section on a commercial basis.
With approximately ten thousand more to be set within
the next two weeks the first year's planting in the county
will aggregate eighty acres, according to C. C. Middle-
ton, of Pomona, president of the Putnam County Grape
Growers' Club. This acreage is somewhat lower than
was anticipated several months ago. However, those who
have been in touch with the establishment of the indus-
try in Putnam county feel that this season's plantings
form the basis for a greater acreage next year as the
circumstances which have caused some of the prospective
growers from carrying out their plans were unavoidable.
While the acreage shows a slight reduction the interest
and enthusiasm in grape culture has not apparently
In reviewing the past year's activity of the Grape
Growers' Club, President Middleton expressed himself as
being highly gratified with the results obtained and the
manner in which the membership has carried out the

program laid down under the auspices of the organiza-
tion for 1928. During 1929 a still greater and more com-
prehensive program lies before the club looking to the
bringing of vineyards now planted to successful bearing
age. The major activity of the program will have to deal
with the care of the vineyard.


Activities Cut Down When Vinegar Is Made of
Lower Grades

(Jacksonville Journal, Feb. 21, 1929)
Florida grapefruit culls may be denied the chance to
squirt at the breakfast table, but they'll be there when
dinner's served.
A Florida manufacturing firm has found out how to
make vinegar out of the citrus outcasts. They can be
made decidedly sour, if handled in the right manner.
The Powell-Florida Vinegar Corporation, Miami, is
equipped to make 8,000 gallons of grapefruit vinegar a
day. It has been in operation for several months and is
the only one of its kind in the United States.
D. E. Holmes, sales manager for the company, was
telling Jacksonville jobbers and grocerymen about grape-
fruit vinegar today.
"First, we make grapefruit wine out of the juices," he
said. "Then, in a little while, it's vinegar."
Mr. Holmes says his company's product is to be put
on the market in a more extensive way, not only in
Florida, but elsewhere.
"The chief thing of interest to Florida citrus growers,"
he states, "is that it gives them a market for the culls
that heretofore rotted away."


Could Work Six Men If Enough Corn Was
Grown Here-Can Be Raised on Corn
and Sugar Cane Land

(Lake City Reporter, Feb. 1, 1929)
G. S. Wilson, broom manufacturer of Lake City, is
calling the attention to farmers of Columbia county to
the possibilities of growing broom corn for the market.
Mr. Wilson would like a local supply for use in his broom
factory and says he can use fifty tons a year. There are
several other broom factories in the state and there is a
market for all that can be raised. At present he is com-
pelled to send to distant states for broom corn and pay
the freight on it to Lake City.
Broom corn is comparatively easy for an experienced
farmer to grow, Mr. Wilson says, and is raised about the
same as corn and sugar cane and on the same kind of
soil. There is nothing complicated about harvesting it.
The tops are cut about the time the seed are in the milky
stage. He has a machine for removing the seed from the
broom corn and farmers would be saved this labor.
Mr. Wilson states that he would put about six men to
work if a sufficient amount of broom corn was grown in
this section. He can sell all the brooms he can turn
out. He is expecting to put one more man to work in his
shop here in a few days. He would like a number of
farmers to put out an acre or two, at any rate, to con-
vince themselves they can do well with the crop.





Citrus Fruit Display Carries Many Varieties

(Tampa Times, Jan. 30, 1929)
From the fertile "land of Manatee" have come
products forming one of the most extensive and diversi-
fied exhibits at the fair.
This county, which won a silver cup last year for its
vegetable exhibit, entered the fair this year with the
determination to excel its past displays both in variety
and quality.
One hundred and thirty varieties of vegetables were
used in building the giant bell, ribboned in bright red
and green, with red peppers carrying the wording "The
Land of Manatee." Cauliflower filled the dome and
tomatoes in all stages of ripening were used at the edge.
There are 15 varieties of squash; cabbages, strawberries,
celery and other staple crops, as well as innovations in
Manatee's crop life. Florence fennel, an Italian vege-
table, suitable for seasoning, and roselle, an imitation
cranberry, which has been found an excellent substitute,
are among the latter.
Forsaking the red and green color scheme of the vege-
table exhibit, a golden motif predominated in the citrus
exhibit, built of fruits from citrus producing sections
that have placed this county in the foremost rank of both
state and nation. In addition to oranges and grape-
fruit, many sub-tropical fruits are shown.
An elaborate display of fruits, vegetables, meats and
canned products is included in the exhibit, in charge of
Miss Margaret Cobb, whose entries have been prize win-
ners for a number of years. Three hundred and twenty-
five varieties are on display.


(Times Herald, Feb. 1, 1929)
There is a thriving business going on in Palatka, but
one heretofore little heard of. It is operating under the
name "Southern Products Company" and is located at
the foot of North Eighth street.
Its main output is that of finished Black Spanish Moss.
This moss, gathered from the many oaks of Putnam
county, is refined, packed and shipped to the large furni-
ture manufacturers throughout the country and is used
for upholstery purposes in the very finest furniture.
Mr. A. J. Ammen, general manager of the company,
in explaining the process of refining and use of this
moss, to a Times-Herald representative, pointed out the
growing demand for this Spanish moss over the much
used "curling hair" which to a great extent is an im-
ported product, and showed evidence of this through the
fact that such concerns as Kohler & Company, of
Chicago, were using this moss almost exclusively in their
upholstery work.
"Our great trouble," said Mr. Ammen, "is getting a
much needed supply of the raw material here in Palatka.
We have been compelled to cancel orders for tons and
tons of this finished moss because of our inability to
get our requirements supplied with the raw material.
The woods around Palatka and, in fact, all over the
county, abound in this black moss, and at the price we
pay people can make good and ready cash money by
gathering this moss and bringing it to our factory, or if
they have a quantity of it and will advise us, our trucks
will call for it and pay cash."


Will Employ from 10 to 15 Men, Hayes Tells
Avon Park Chamber

(Lake Wales Highlander, Feb. 12, 1929)
Concluding negotiations which have been in progress
during the past year and a half, C. B. Hayes of Lake
Wales, district superintendent of the Florida Public
Service Co., announced to the Avon Park Chamber of
Commerce last week that work of constructing the new
ice manufacturing and pre-cooling plant of his company
would begin shortly.
The plant, he said, would be of 40 tons capacity and
would employ 10 to 15 men. In addition to manufac-
turing ice for local delivery and providing pre-cooling
service for the citrus packing plants, Mr. Hayes said
the company would establish a platform in connection
with the plant for icing refrigeration cars.
The new plant will be located on land lying between
the Coast Line and Seaboard railroads and near the Avon
Citrus Exchange and the packing plant of the Avon-
Florida Company. It is within a stone's throw of the
site of the new Florida-United Growers' packing plant,
which will be constructed during the next few months.
Mr. Hayes said construction of the new ice plant would
be started on or before March 15.


(Okaloosa News-Journal, Feb. 10, 1929)
Tuesday night at Laurel Hill and Wednesday night at
Baker, meetings were held by Dr. R. S. Brinkman of
the State Live Stock Sanitary Board, in cooperation with
the agricultural teachers at these schools for the pur-
pose of securing a pure-bred bull for each school, to be
used for breeding purposes.
Both meetings were well attended and at each place
subscription lists were started to raise funds for the pur-
pose. Jersey bulls were decided at each of the meetings,
and Dr. Brinkman will continue to cooperate with these
communities in securing the animals in accordance with
the policy of the State Live Stock Sanitary Board in
following up tick eradication with a program of live
stock improvement.


(Hendry County News, Feb. 21, 1929)
George Osborne, Jr., is a "tenderfoot" farmer extraor-
dinary, whose success in his first ventures in Florida
soil have been chronicled in this paper recently in an
effort to show the possibilities of production to others
as well as publish the news of the community.
Last Monday the Hendry County News reporter saw
a load of new potatoes which Mr. Osborne had just
hauled in to the local market for sale. They were as fine
examples of Red Bliss variety as have ever been seen
here. Mr. Osborne has only a few acres planted, but he
states that they are yielding at the rate of about one
hundred and forty bushels to the acre. Fine samples of
these potatoes are now on display at the News office.



Embraces Twenty-five Companies and Involves
Four Million Dollars

(Daily Democrat, Feb. 16, 1929)
Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 16.-Involving physical assets
of over $4,000,000, twenty-five dairy, ice cream and ice
companies in twenty cities of Alabama, Florida, Georgia
and South Carolina have been merged into an organiza-
tion to be known as the Foremost Dairy Products, Inc.,
the principal parties to the merger being J. C. Penney,
nationally known chain stores operator, and George M.
Foreman & Company, bankers of New York and Chicago.
Announcement of the merger was made here yester-
day by Dr. Burdette G. Lewis of Green Cove Springs,
Florida, manager of the J. C. Penney-Gwinn Corporation
properties in Florida, who will head the new organization
as president. The general headquarters offices will be
in this city.
A group of prominent Jacksonville operations are to
be included in the consolidation, Dr. Lewis announced,
making public only one firm, however-the J. R. Berrier
Ice Cream Company. Other Florida concerns included
in the move are the Tampa Stock Farms Dairy Company
of Tampa and Sarasota; Halifax Creamery, Inc., Day-
tona Beach; W. C. Berrier Creamery, Inc., Lakeland; S.
M. Breedlove Company of Live Oak and Valdosta, Ga.;
Flowers Ice Cream Company of Tallahassee, Fla., and
Thomasville, Ga. Georgia companies in the affiliation
in addition to the Valdosta and Thomasville interests are:
Jessup & Antrin, the Atlanta Ice Cream Company, the
Gate City Dairy and Ice Cream Company, all of Atlanta;
Georgia-Carolina Dairy Products Company and the Au-
gusta Ice and Coal Company of Augusta; the Joseph
Costa Company of Athens; Paulitch's Creamery of
Savannah; the Ashburn Distributing Company of Ash-
burn; the Cordele Creamery and Cold Storage Company
of Cordele; the Columbus Dairy Company of Columbus,
and H. E. Roberts, Macon Pure Milk Company and Ken-
nett & Odum, all of Macon. The Alabama company an-
nounced last night as in the consolidation is the Barber-
Jefferson Dairies, Birmingham. South Carolina concerns
included are the Rogers Ice Cream Company of Colum-
bia and the Hub City Ice Cream Company of Spartan-


Both Seaboard and Coast Line Issue Attractive
Advertising for This State

(Apopka Chief, Feb. 21, 1929)
The Seaboard Air Line Railway has issued three hand-
some advertising booklets about Florida as a winter
resort, for distribution in the north this season, and is
making use of another issued last season and devoted to
the "Healing Waters of Espiritu Santo Springs, at Safety
A special booklet on the Mountain Lake bird sanctuary
and the Singing Tower, at Mountain Lake, is one of the
finest of its type ever issued by a railroad. It is designed
especially for distribution in the north, and comparatively
few have found their way into Florida. Another book-
let, "The Route of the Orange Blossom Special," is
descriptive of Florida resorts and is a veritable hotel list

of the state. Still another, "Across Florida," is devoted
to descriptive matter and photographs of resorts in
Southern Florida, including those of the West Coast, the
Ridge, and the East Coast.
The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad is seeking to stimu-
late the demand for Florida celery, and to this end has
reissued its pamphlet on the vegetable which has be-
come synonymous with Sanford and Seminole county,
the Florida State Chamber of Commerce has been advised
from headquarters of the road at Wilmington, N. C.
Both covers of the pamphlet bear the title "Florida
Celery," and carry pictures, in colors, of a stalk of
celery. Four pages are devoted to a description of the
Florida industry, and recipes, while another is composed
of opinions from nationally known health authorities
relative to the value of celery in the diet. The sixth
page is descriptive of the lines of the railroad in Florida.
Thousands of copies of the pamphlet are being dis-
tributed through the railroad's agencies in all parts of
the country, and aboard its trains.


(Enterprise Recorder, Feb. 1, 1929)
Perry, Jan. 28.-J. W. Oglesby, Jr., business manager
of the South Georgia Railroad, with headquarters at
Tifton, Ga., was in Perry today and stated that he would
soon erect a peanut mill at Quitman to handle the
products of this section of Florida and Georgia. The
new mill, he stated, would be modern in every respect
and of sufficient capacity to care for all the peanuts
produced in this section and in the Quitman area.
Many sections of Taylor county are suitable for the
production of peanuts and while several farmers have
grown them successfully there has been no home market
for them and they have not been planted in large
Now that a nearby market is assured it is thought that
a large acreage will be planted this year, in fact, a large
acreage has already been pledged. County Agent R. S.
Dennis is much pleased with the fact that a market will
be established here, and left immediately for a visit to
the farmers to secure pledges. He is much enthused over
the prospects.
Mr. Oglesby stated that he would have a buyer on the
grounds here at all times during the season and that top
prices would be paid. Since a tariff has been placed on
peanuts the prices of peanuts and peanut products have
continued to gain steadily.


(DeLand News, Feb. 25, 1929)
Another New York City man has decided to locate in
DeLand, Earl W. Brown, executive secretary of the
chamber of commerce, announced this afternoon when
he stated that Elias Totah had decided to enter the poul-
try business here.
Roy Lovelace, a lumber manufacturer of Thompson,
Georgia, has decided to spend some time with the other
hunters and fishermen at Cameron's camp here.
Mr. and Mrs. Lee H. Gardiner, of Chicago, who re-
cently came to DeLand, liked this city so well they in-
tend to return in the fall. They will remain here until
April, when they will go north for the summer.


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