PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY ";?/'
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF A URE
MARCH 19, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Florida's Agricultural and Other Resources ................. ...........
Total Trust Company Resources in Florida .............. .. .... .. .
A New York Banker's Comparison of Southern California and
F lo rid a ............ ... ............. .... ................ ...
To Replenish State W waters W ith Fish......................................
Pineapple Oranges Bring $9.45 a Box ............................ ....
Some Changes in World Trade in Half a Century .......................
A New Industry for Orlando ............ .. ... .. .....
Orange Hill Farm Ships Car Cabbage ................ .............
Bulb Culture Extensive Industry in Volusia County .................
Poultry Association Ships 4,500 Dozen Eggs in Week .. .........
Heath Plants Carload of Irish Potatoes.......... ... ... ........
Longer T ourist Season... .... .... .. ... ............ ...........
Manatee County Sees Huge Crop ...... ........ .... ...........
First Clewiston Potatoes Bring Unusual Prices ... ............
Florida Limestone To Be Put to Many Uses, Says State Geologist
W est Florida's Best Bet .. ... .. .. ..... .. .... .
Shell Fish Industry Shows Large Increase in Decade ..............
Another Boost for Canned Stuff .... ................... .........
Fish (anneries to Open Friday Night .. .. ................ .. ..........
St. Lucie County Ships Potatoes ............ ......... ...........
Beans Bring $7.50 at Canal Point........... ........... ....... ...........
State Poultry Specialist Visits Holmes County.... .............
Resolutions Passed by Marion County Board of Instruction on
F forest F ires .. ............ ................... ................. ... .............. ..... 9
American Fruit Distributors Complete Deal Establishing Huge
Citrus Plant in This City... ....................................................... 10
Florida Celery and Strawberries .................................................... 10
Financial Record of the Department of Agriculture.................... 11
T tobacco Y field T o B e G reater.. ....................................................... 12
Florida Seen Haven of Fish...................................................... 12
C areful N ow ..................................... ....... ...... ................... ...... ... 12
Salter Says Demand for Poultry Strong Now........................... 12
Narcissus Shipments Nearly Over for Season................................ 13
Council Favors Revolving Fund for Industries .............................. 13
K n ow F lorid a .. ................ .............. ............... .............................. 13
New Industry for Clay County at Hugh ................ .... .............. 13
Shipping Many Cannas ................. ...................... ... ............ 13
Suwannee County Progressing Rapidly in Diversified Farming.... 14
Winter Travel Exceeds That of Last Year............................... 14
Preparing for the Spring Tom ato Crop........... ................................ 14
Greece Exhausts Quota on Aliens Early in Year......................... 15
Old Tires Are Made Into Shoes in Greece...................... ................. 15
Florida Forestry and City Planning.................................................. 16
Anticipating Heavy Summer Travel to Florida ............................. 10
First Lee County Car of Potatoes Sold for $2,500.................... 16
Florida's Agricultural and Other Resources
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
(Published in 1928 Florida Standard Guide)
HE agriculture of Florida is perhaps as
broad in its range as that of any Amer-
ican state and broader than most. The
State produces a variety of crops which
include not only the staples common to more
northern latitudes but likewise include scores
of fruits, nuts and vegetables found only in the
tropical and semi-tropical zones. We can grow
corn as in Iowa, oats as in Illinois, potatoes as
in Maine, celery as in Michigan, pineapples as
in Hawaii, bananas as in Cuba, and we can
grow avocadoes and mangoes as they are grown
in those lands touching the equator.
Although of our thirty-five million acres
scarcely two million are in cultivation, we have
small appreciation of the shipments of our
products that go to feed the hungry in other
sections. Many of our American people believe
that Florida subsists almost entirely upon out-
side production, and even those of us here at
home do not realize that more than a hundred
thousand carloads of fruits and vegetables roll
out of our State annually to be consumed by the
public in the East, North and West.
When frost and snow confine the New Eng-
landers and the people of the Northwest to
their homes and firesides, Florida is busy pick-
ing and packing and shipping about twenty-five
million boxes of oranges and grapefruit and
tangerines each winter.
More than sixty million pounds of salt and
fresh-water fish are caught and shipped from
our waters per year, and more than one hundred
thousand barrels of oysters, clams, lobsters,
shrimp and crabs.
Florida is not known very generally as a
mineral state, and yet she produces eighty per
cent of all the phosphate in the United States
and sells more than ten million dollars' worth
of it every year. A large per cent of the Ful-
ler's earth produced in the nation is mined in
From our millions of acres of timber we are
shipping at least one-half billion feet of lumber
to other sections every year. The income from
our timber, turpentine and naval stores has al-
ways constituted one of Florida's largest finan-
cial returns. We have vast areas of cut-over
lands on which millions of young trees are now
growing. Up to the present we have suffered
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
huge losses by fire on these tracts. A policy of
conservation is badly needed in our State. The
recent Legislature took a progressive step in
creating a State Forestry Board, and it is hoped
that through the functioning of this organiza-
tion we shall see our young timber safeguarded
and brought into profitable maturity.
With the complete eradication of the cattle
tick we are going to see a great increase in the
production of better types of livestock. Already,
in those areas that are freed of this pest, impor-
tations are being made of better blood. Con-
structive breeding is being practiced by our cat-
tlemen, and before long we shall have evidence
of the profit that can be made on Florida graz-
ing lands by the use of the better strains of beef
cattle. In days gone by millions of our native
cattle have been sold at prices ridiculously
low. Three-year-old steers off our tick-infested
ranges have been sold by the trainload for five
to twelve dollars per head. Often at the age of
three years these cattle would not have weighed
more than five hundred pounds each. The re-
sult of such conditions has been an impoverished
livestock industry and a very poorly paid stock-
man. There are perhaps ten million acres in
Florida suited to the grazing of cattle, and when
we are in position to utilize this large area by
placing upon it herds free from tick and carry-
ing blood of better beef types, we are going to
be able to add millions to our income from this
source. Competent authorities who understand
the situation tell us that the cattle tick of Flor-
ida have been costing our State at least ten mil-
lion dollars per year. If this is true it is likewise
true that when we have freed ourselves of them
we may reasonably expect to change this loss of
ten million dollars into a gain of like amount.
With the breaking up of the large free ranges
of the West there has come a decided tendency
towards smaller herds of cattle and sheep. This
logically means a decrease in the total offering
of these animals from the plains of the West on
our big markets. This constitutes another op-
portunity for the stockman of Florida in the
future. Beyond all doubt we can utilize some
of our present unproductive areas by growing
more cattle and more sheep. Our mild climate
will prevent the large losses which sometime
come to the stockman of the West due to the
blizzards. Our grazing season is months longer
than that of the western plains.
With the rapid development of our cities and
the increase of our nation's urban population,
we are going to see a larger and larger con-
sumption of perishables during the winter
months by the city dwellers. Here again is an
opportunity that lies out in front of Florida.
It is interesting to note in this connection that
government reports show that the consumption
of winter-grown vegetables in the United States
has increased from one hundred to four hun-
dred per cent within the last decade. This
means that one hundred to four hundred times
as many people are now feasting even in mid-
winter on fresh vegetables and fruit than were
doing so ten years ago. Happily this is in line
with the teaching of our medical and health
authorities, and Florida, in helping to supply
the table of these consumers with green and
succulent fruits and vegetables during the win-
ter months, will be doing a large part in ad-
vancing our nation's physical well-being.
So far as our potentialities are concerned, we
have within our borders several million acres
which will care for the appetite of our nation
through many years to come as that appetite
calls more and more for garden products in the
(Continued in our next issue)
TOTAL TRUST COMPANY RESOURCES IN
According to F. D. Miller, treasurer of the American
Trust Company, of Jacksonville, trust company resources
in Florida total $124,817,867. Mr. Miller obtained these
figures from the twenty-fifth annual edition of "Trust
Companies of the United States," for 1927, just issued
by the United States Mortgage & Trust Company of New
Combined resources of the 2,731 trust companies of
the country reporting as of June 30th, the date of com-
pilation, were $20,481,000,000, a gain of $1,145,000,000,
over the previous year. Deposits were in excess of $16,-
800,000,000, against $15,900,000,000 in 1926.
In reviewing the figures, President John W. Platten of
the United States Mortgage & Trust Company, says:
"It is a cause of satisfaction that the resources of the
trust companies of the country continue to seek new high
levels year after year, the totals at the present time be-
ing considerably more than double those of ten years ago.
Yet it is none the less gratifying to note the unprece-
dented efforts being made by the trust companies to ex-
tend their service into new channels.
"The situation is most encouraging and warrants every
confidence in the future of trust companies and their
ability to render an increasingly valuable and constantly
broadening service to the public."
With seacoast and inland water fronts, Florida has
10,000 miles of water frontage, sufficient for 1,000,000
homes bordering water, making a population of 5,000,000
with this splendid location for homes.
There are 3,000,000 acres of water within the State.
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO ....... ...... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS .............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR................................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
MARCH 19, 1928
A NEW YORK BANKER'S COMPARISON OF
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA AND
(Manufacturers Record, Jan. 19, 1928)
R. M. Grant & Co., Inc., bankers, of New York,
Chicago and Boston, who are handling an issue of West
Palm Beach bonds, have sent out an attractively printed
circular, the cover page carrying a striking comparison
between Southern California and Florida, as follows:
"The best determination of the future can be made by
judging it in the light of the past. The past most like
Florida is Southern California. It is only a few years ago
that similar conditions existed there that have existed in
Florida. Investors were told that Southern California
had no commerce, no industry, in short, no future, only
climate and sunshine to sell to tourists who were at-
tracted for a few months in the winter; yes, and citrus
fruits the same as Florida. Los Angeles and the other
communities had their real estate boom and its collapse,
and the calamity propagandists never finished telling in-
vestors Southern California would all but disappear from
the map when the tourists' whims attracted them else-
where. Like Florida bonds now, Southern California
political subdivision bonds then were bought by the far-
sighted investor who believed in the United States, the
people and the 'prosperity of both, at yields very much
greater than were to be had from the bonds of communi-
ties in other parts of the country.
"Notwithstanding, Florida having come sharply into
competition with Southern California because primarily
of Florida's having a much better and more equable
climate and being only one-half the distance-two days
as against four-from more than four-fifths of the popu-
lation of the United States, Southern California today is
more substantial and prosperous than ever before. Prob-
ably more people sojourn there in the winter than here-
tofore, but it is no longer regarded as a winter resort.
It is the year-round residence of many people who first
visited the State as winter sojourners. Los Angeles, a
metropolis, is the largest city on the Pacific Coast. Today
the bonds of Southern California political subdivisions
yield from 4.05 per cent to 4.25 per cent."
Further discussing this subject, the circular-letter says:
"Beyond the memory of living man, with but a small
part of the population, resources and wealth of today,
people have sojourned away for climatic reasons during
the summer months. Now, with greatly increased popu-
lation and particularly infinitely greater and increasing
wealth than ever before, and consequently leisure, an
increasing number are seeking not only temporary resi-
dence during a part of the year, but many are making
their permanent homes where the weather conditions are
more clement. Southern Florida, with its unequalled
winter climate and delectable surrounding conditions, has
only become of age and is destined not only to maintain
the position this part of the State has attained in this
respect, but to attract each winter an increasing number,
many of whom will become year-round residents as they
have in Southern California."
A statement issued by the Commissioner of the De-
partment of Agriculture of Florida, quoted in this circu-
lar, is to the effect that every state in the Nation, save
10, can be reached by rail from Jacksonville within 48
hours. The population of these states is 95,524,000,
which is a little more than 90 per cent of all the popula-
tion of the United States.
TO REPLENISH STATE WATERS WITH FISH
United States to Help With Shad and Herring
(Florida State News, Feb. 20, 1928)
Hundreds of thousands of "fingerling" fish are to be
shortly turned into the waters of Florida through activi-
ties of the State Shell Fish Department, T. R. Hodges, the
department commissioner, announced.
Three hatcheries are to be in operation soon, one at
Welaka, one on the St. Johns river, and the third on Lake
Okeechobee, and from them are to be taken from three to
five million black bass, crappie, bream, shad and herring.
U. S. to Help ,
Mr. Hodges has just been advised that the waited
States Bureau of Fisheries, at Washington, will partici-
pate in operation of the state's shad and herring hatchery
on the St. Johns river. The bureau is sending Hugo
Crasser, fish culturist from the Plaquemine, La., hatchery,
to direct the production of those fish. Mr. Crasser will
report to Commissioner Hodges here about March 1, and
will be taken at once to the St. Johns hatchery.
On Lake Okeechobee, the John W. Martin hatchery is
about completed at Welaka, where hundreds of thousands
of fish were produced last spring, the hatching ponds have
been flooded and brood fish placed there. As soon as the
Lake Okeechobee hatchery is completed, the ponds will be
flooded and hatching begun, Mr. Hodges stated. This is
looked for about March 1, he said.
Last year, black bass was produced at the Welaka
hatchery, but this year the department will add crappie
and bream to the Welaka and Martin hatcheries, it was
To Be Distributed
The output of the two fresh water hatcheries, located
at Welaka and on the lake, will be distributed to the
state's fresh waters, the former supplying North Florida,
and the latter South Florida. The Izaak Walton League,
chambers of commerce and civic organizations of the
various communities will cooperate in the distribution.
The department already has orders on hand for about a
million of the small fish, the commissioner added.
The fish will be distributed as they were last year,
namely, by baggage cars in charge of special messengers,
and by trucks.
Distribution of the "fingerlings" will continue until
about June, when the hatching season ends, Mr. Hodges
PINEAPPLE ORANGES BRING $9.45 A BOX
St. Lucie County Reports Highest Price of
Season-Shipments Are Large
(Herald Service, Feb. 26, 1928)
Fort Pierce, Fla.-A carload shipment of St. Lucie
county pineapple oranges sold on the New York auction
market for $9.45 a box for golden and $9.10 a box for
russets, according to information received Friday by the
Fort Pierce Growers Association, local branch of the
Florida Citrus Exchange.
While excellent prices have been received all along,
these are the highest of the season thus far for pineapple
oranges. It means net to the grower on the tree, $6.65
for golden and $6.30 a box for russets-picking, pack-
ing, freightage and selling costs amounting to $2.80 a
The Fort Pierce Growers Association has shipped 112
carloads (40,320 boxes), and is now shipping at the rate
of two to four cars a day.
SOME CHANGES IN WORLD TRADE IN
HALF A CENTURY
(Manufacturers Record, Jan. 19, 1928)
Fifty years ago the editor of the Manufacturers
Record read with much interest a paper which had been
established in the interest of the export trade of this
country. At that time, as a writer on economic ques-
tions and especially those relating to the foreign trade in
grain, cotton and other commodities, he became greatly
interested in this new newspaper venture to be devoted
entirely to the development of foreign trade. The name
of the publication was the American Exporter. That
paper has just published its fiftieth anniversary issue,
which covers in an interesting way many facts about
American industry in international trade. Like its regu-
lar monthly edition in English, it is issued also in French,
Spanish and Portugese.
Reviewing some of the things which have come into
existence during that half-century of its life, the Amer-
ican Exporter calls attention to the fact that it is prac-
tically of the same age as the incandescent lamp, the type-
writer and the telephone, all of which have profoundly
affected national and international trade. Other inven-
tions of the past 50 years which have likewise influenced
the trade of this country and of the world, and which are
referred to in this special issue, are:
Electric trolley car, 1884;
First successful fountain pen, 1884;
Cash register, 1885;
Hall process of making aluminum, 1886;
Automatic knot-tying harvester machine, 1888;
Recording adding machine, 1888;
Transparent photographic film, 1888;
Electric welding, 1889;
Vacuum bottle, 1892;
Motion picture machine, 1893;
Caterpillar tractor, 1900;
During this fifty-year period there have been many
changes in business methods in America, and elsewhere
over the world. Fifty years ago the country was just be-
ginning to catch its breath after the terrific panic of
1873. By 1879 it was in the full swing of a wild busi-
ness boom which carried pig-iron to very high prices, and
which was coincident with heavy grain crops and enor-
mous demand from Europe for wheat and corn. The
writer well remembers that in his statistical work at that
time he reported one week the charter of over 80 vessels
to carry full cargoes of grain from Baltimore to Europe,
most of these vessels it is true being of moderate tonnage
as compared with the enormous tonnage of today, and all
of them being sailing vessels.
There is one point made by the American Exporter
in this special issue which is of particular world-wide
interest, and that is the control that has been secured of
yellow fever and other tropical diseases which has made
possible the development of tropical countries, and with a
trend of business and population in many cases to coun-
tries which in former years were regarded as undesirable
because of those diseases.
A NEW INDUSTRY FOR ORLANDO
(Orlando Sentinel, Feb. 24, 1928)
A city or community for permanent stability must have
payrolls; payrolls can only be provided by industrial en-
terprise; for this reason we welcome the news that an
adding machine factory will be established in Orlando. It
is pointed out that the new industry will add $10,000 a
month to the payroll of Orlando's industries to begin
with, growing in proportion as the manufacture and sale
of the article meets with success.
A few days ago we suggested something on the order of
the "Miami Industrial Corporation" for Orlando. As yet
we have heard no comment, either for or against the plan,
but no one can deny that payrolls make a city, that pay-
rolls are necessary in order that a city properly function
along the lines of prosperity. We have several industries
here with the "Made in Orlando" trademark. These firms
represent solid foundations. Banks, stores, agencies-all
manner of business contributes to the welfare of the
community, but it is the factory with its workmen-
skilled and unskilled labor, those men who work the raw
material and make it possible to sell the finished article
that build up a prosperous city-it is the payroll. To
begin at the beginning-from factory to consumer, each
a cog in the evolution of industry.
There is no reason why Orlando men should not con-
centrate on the industrial side of business. A paragraph
taken from the Hayes Adding Machine folder says: "The
reason Orlando has been selected as the home to manu-
facture the Hayes machine is because of its wonderful
climate and abundance of dependable labor suitable for
this class of work-shipping facilities for reaching all
parts of the world from Orlando are ideal. Distribution
as a whole can be made from Orlando quite as economi-
cally as from most any other manufacturing center in
the United States, therefore, we feel that this machine
can be produced cheaper in Florida than elsewhere."
Orlando, an ideal place for industry. We should form-
ulate some plan and bend our energies toward making
this city industrially great.
ORANGE HILL FARM SHIPS CAR CABBAGE
(North Marion News, Feb. 2, 1928)
Orange Hill Farm loaded its first solid car of cabbage
on Tuesday of this week, the cabbage being of good
quality. The car was shipped from Evinston, in Alachua
county. The farm expects to ship many more cars dur-
ing the coming weeks.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
BULB CULTURE EXTENSIVE INDUSTRY IN
Many Millions of Plants Are Grown Annually
Throughout Section and Income to
Growers Is Handsome
(DeLand Sun, Feb. 10, 1928)
The fact that the United States Department of Agri-
culture placed an embargo on the importation of bulbs
into this country, owing to the alarming introduction of
diseases, is mainly responsible for the thriving bulb in-
dustry in this County of Volusia. Continued planting,
however, is due to the fact that nothing but success has
followed the efforts of the growers. Every known test
has been made with Florida-grown bulbs, both in border
planting and forcing under glass in the north and south,
and they have in every way proven equal to the finest
imported stock. Over 12 million paper white narcissi
and Chinese sacred lilies were planted here the year of
1927, and the planting was only limited to the supply of
Extensive investigations over a period of three years
by Dr. David Griffiths, head of the Bureau of Bulb and
Plant Investigation at Washington, D. C., called forth the
statement by that gentleman that "he had never found a
failure in bulb planting in Florida." Dr. Griffith's exten-
sive tour of investigation included seven or eight coun-
ties, or practically all commercial plantings in the state.
His report is filed with the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture at Washington and is readily available to those in-
T. A. Brown, Volusia County Firm Agent, whose in-
vestigations have been of undoubted value to the growers
of the state, found many plantings of narcissi, lilies,
amaryllis, and other bulbs, in private gardens and com-
mercial acreages, in all stages years ago and now running
rampant, up to the carefully tended home and commercial
gardens, which produce the finest bulbs now on the
market. These bulbs have been shown in comparison
with the imported varieties and excel them in both size
and quality; although most of them were grown by inex-
perienced growers. This district of DeLand can show
these plantings or the bulbs taken from them at any
time, for few have been sold, owing to the fact that
growers are saving their planting stock for their own use.
An average of 12 bulblets are secured from each bulb
The bulbs best suited to Bermuda, Japan, South of
France and the warmer parts of China and Italy, find a
most congenial home in Volusia county. The most im-
portant among them are: Polyanthus Narcissus, known
as "paper white," Grandiflora, Soleil D'Or, and Chinese
Sacred Lily. These have all been imported from Southern
France and sections of like climate.
Second in importance comes the Bermuda Lily (Lilium
Longiflorum), known as the "Easter Lily" to practically
every one. This lily grows so magnificently in this section
that they scatter the confines of our gardens and nat-
uralize themselves in the fields and woodlands. Until
comparatively recent years none have been grown com-
mercially-and 95 per cent of the bulbs were imported!
There is a real prospect for commercial growers here in
this line. Possibly 20 million will be the planting here
this season (1928) and certainly only a small part of the
actual demand will be supplied from this planting. The
field is surely an open one.
Many other lily varieties do well here. Gladiolus, Bul-
bous Iris, Dutch and Roman Hyacinth, and a host of
other bulbs find just the kind of soil and climate they
like here in this county. This section bids fair to put the
bulb industry among the major crops of the state and
well up toward the head of the list in just a few years.
The foregoing are all cold facts about the industry as
carried on here and conditions for marketing readily at
a good price. Verification can be had by writing to the
department at Washington, or coming here on a tour of
investigation. The county as a whole is attractive. It
has the finest of highways leading to about all parts of it,
water and rail transportation, Stetson University and
splendid public schools, enticing beaches and cities of the
Good potato land, well drained, is the ideal type of soil
for bulb planting. The planting is made in rows three
feet apart and about 4 inches apart in the row. This
means from 50 to 60 thousand to the acre. The culture
is about the same as that for Irish potatoes. Cultivate
as for potatoes, using a good potato fertilizer formula.
The planting with ordinary care will not fail. Advice
may be had by the beginner, free of charge, from our
County Agent. The cut flowers may be harvested when
mature and the bulbs dug up when the stalks are dried
up. The harvest takes place in the "winter time" down
POULTRY ASSOCIATION SHIPS 4500 DOZ.
EGGS IN WEEK
Check-up Shows 55,000 Laying Hens Are in
County at Present
(Bradenton Herald, Feb. 26, 1928)
The reports of the Florida West Coast Poultry Asso-
ciation, according to W. B. Stinson, manager, shows that
more than 4,500 dozen eggs were marketed through the
association last week. Mr. Stinson reports that it will
only be a short while until the association will be hand-
ling between six and seven thousand dozen eggs each
In checking up the number of laying hens owned by
the contributing members of the association and includ-
ing the flocks by independent producers, it was discov-
ered that the county now has 55,000 laying hens. This
number will be greatly augmented within the next few
weeks when the large flocks of pullets begin laying. The
directors of the association are highly pleased by the
splendid cooperation of all the poultry raisers having a
large number of laying hens.
Mr. Stinson stated Saturday morning that they had
received orders from the neighboring cities amounting to
120 cases, which they filled, stating that the demand for
the association's eggs had exceeded the supply a number
of times during the past two weeks. This fact is at-
tributed to the strict grading and labeling, which has
been the association's main object.
Arrangements to place in cold storage all surplus eggs
have been completed by the management of the associa-
tion. This will permit the organization to continue to re-
ceive eggs from their contributing members in large
quantities and place them in storage when the occasion
demands until next winter when eggs are much higher in
It is estimated that Manatee county will be shipping
carloads of poultry and eggs within the next few months.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
HEATH PLANTS CARLOAD OF IRISH
Santa Rosa Grower Uses 600 Bushels on 75
(Milton Gazette, Feb. 17, 1928)
Dr. H. O. Heath, one of Santa Rosa county's well
known physicians, and incidentally owner of one of the
best farms in the Hollandtown neighborhood, twelve
miles north of Milton, is busy this week distributing among
his tenants and others and supervising the planting of a
six hundred bushel car of Irish potatoes. These potatoes
are of the Bliss Triumph variety, believed to be among
the best for this section of the State, and was shipped
here from Nebraska.
While the Doctor will plant the major portion of these
potatoes on his own farm, he is distributing a small por-
tion of them among other farmers. It is expected that
the 600 bushels will plant seventy-five acres, upon which
sixty tons of fertilizer 8-3-5 is being used. Immediately
following the cutting of the potatoes, which is done by a
mechanical contrivance, the seed is treated with lime,
which coats the cut surface and serves as a disinfectant,
and are then planted.
The Doctor is having these potatoes planted in rows
six feet apart, and will plant corn or cotton between these
rows at the proper season. Following the digging of the
potatoes, he will plant peanuts in the rows from which
the potatoes were dug, thus utilizing the soil for a sum-
mer crop, and getting the advantage of the unused por-
tion of the fertilizer now being applied to the potato
It is expected that this crop will be marketed through
an Alabama marketing concern, which has been very suc-
cessful in marketing farm produce, and who will handle
this crop on a ten per cent commission. The planting of
this acreage of potatoes is a progressive move, and if
successful, will doubtless be followed by larger acreage
LONGER TOURIST SEASON
(Palm Beach Post, Feb. 23, 1928)
Today as West Palm Beach and Palm Beach reach
what is commonly supposed to be the peak of the season,
prospects for the future are much brighter than ever
before at this time of the year.
Today there are more tourists in Palm Beach and West
Palm Beach than ever before-even during the hectic
days of '25 when it seemed that the whole world had
moved in Florida. This is not idle speculation, but the
consensus of hotel and real estate men who are in close
touch with the situation.
It can mean only one thing. Palm and West Palm
Beach are bound to prosper as tourist centers regardless
of the conditions in the remainder of the State. It means
that each succeeding year will bring more and more
winter visitors and that of the thousands who come here
to visit for a few months will be hundreds who will stay
and make their homes here.
Don't let anyone tell you this community is undesirable
as an all-year-round home. Those wise folks who come
early and stay late will vouch for the fact that our spring
and fall months are the most delightful of the year-far
more agreeable than the period selected by society for its
winter sojourn. The summers are hot, but any Cracker-
ized Hoosier will swear they are never as disagreeable,
stickily humid as Indianapolis or Chicago. The breeze,
any native son of two summers or more will state, is
always cool, and always present.
Efforts of the Florida Travel Bureau and other agen-
cies to prolong the winter season will meet with success
just as soon as northerners learn something about Florida
and Florida weather. And it is up to the people of this
community to spread the news. More good will come
from word-of-mouth advertising, from personal invita-
tions than from all the community advertising this section
will be able to buy in the next five years.
The tourist business will not support Florida, but it
need not be scorned at any time. Agricultural develop-
ment, industrial development, will come in time if there
is no slackening of effort on the part of the people. Those
two will ultimately put the state on a par with any other
insofar as stability is concerned.
But there will always be tourists, winter guests. It is
our business to make the spring and fall tourist business
as good as it is now. Take the story of Florida home
with you when you go north if you are visiting, write to
your friends if you live here.
MANATEE COUNTY SEES HUGE CROP
(St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 23, 1928)
A tomato crop worth approximately $2,500,000, a
pepper crop worth about $500,000, and a watermelon
crop worth another $500,000 is predicted for Manatee
county this season by J. G. Hansen, head of Manatee
River Farms, who is authority also for the statement that
it appears now as if Manatee county will produce the
greatest cucumber crop in its history.
This tremendous production is due largely to protective
measures taken by Manatee county growers in the recent
cold snaps, with the result that there was practically no
damage to growing crops in this county.
Cabbage from Manatee county is now on the St. Peters-
burg market, and an indication of the returns to growers
is seen in the sale of one acre of red cabbage for $500
made by Manatee River Farms to a local produce buyer
recently. Manatee county produce is brought into St.
Petersburg fresh daily in large quantities, coming via Bee
Line ferry from just across Tampa bay.
FIRST CLEWISTON POTATOES BRING
(St. Augustine Record, Feb. 23, 1928)
Clewiston, Fla.-With the prices in the north potato
market steadily increasing, Clewiston shipped its first
carload of potatoes of the season, which, according to cur-
rent prices, should return more than $1,900 for the 585
Steady rise in potato prices was taken in local agricul-
tural circles as the annual increase before the Hastings
crop comes in, and the possibility of $5 a bushel before
the middle of April is considered possible by local
The early spring crop of Clewiston potatoes, which,
according to C. A. Jackson, agriculturist, will be far
greater in quantity than the shipment made this week,
will reach northern markets during the first week in April,
in time to take advantage of the high prices before the
Hastings crop is shipped.
FLORIDA LIMESTONE TO BE PUT TO
MANY USES, SAYS STATE
(Times-Courier, Feb. 16, 1928)
Tallahassee.-State Geologist Herman Gunter, in an
article written for Southern Highways, a periodical mak-
ing its debut at Tampa, declared that it would be no wild
speculation to predict that the limestones of Florida will,
in time, enter into many of the uses that the limestones
of other states now go.
Mr. Gunter's article briefly reviewed the expansion of
the mineral industry of the state, and pointed out the
location of those minerals found in abundance in Florida.
The use of crushed limestone for road construction and
in building and other uses, he said, is responsible for the
greater percentage of increase and activity in that min-
eral. The value of the output of limestone for all pur-
poses, he recalled, was only $156,589 in 1913, and
$7,177,565 in 1926.
"In addition to the various uses just mentioned, large
quantities enter into the making of quick and hydrated
lime. The lime industry is centered about Ocala and has
been since the beginning in 1884. Of recent years some
lime has been manufactured in the vicinity of Chipley, in
Washington county, and there the deposits offer every
inducement for this character of material, as well as for
the establishment of a crushed stone industry. The lime
manufactured in Florida is consumed almost entirely
within the state. On account of its purity some of the
lime enters into the chemical and other industries located
outside of Florida. The hydrated lime is not only used
for plaster in building but also as an agricultural ma-
terial. The finely ground raw limestone likewise is used
as a soil rectifier."
The foundation rock of the entire state is limestone,
the geologist explained, of varying purity and belonging
to several different geological periods. The oldest exposed
formation, he added, is that to which the name Ocala
limestone has been assigned.
"It is at Ocala that commercial development began in
1894, and it is worthy of remark that the pits first opened
have been in continuous operation. The Ocala is a very
pure limestone, soft and easily worked. For this reason,
coupled with the fact that it re-cements without difficulty,
it is extensively used in road construction.
"The largest areal distribution of the Ocala is in what
might be termed west-central peninsula Florida. Ex-
posures are also to be seen in the western part of the
state, especially in Jackson and Washington counties.
Comparable to the Ocala, both in physical characteristics
and chemical analysis, is the Marianna limestone, so well
exposed near that city in western Florida. A less pure
or argillaceous limestone occurs along the Apalachicola
river in the vicinity of River Junction. This limestone
was at one time used to a limited extent for the manu-
facture of a natural cement. The Marianna is worked
on a rather extensive scale, being used in the construc-
tion of highways. Vast deposits of more recent lime-
stones, geologically speaking, occur in southern Florida
and are well developed in the region about Palm Beach
and Miami, as well as in the Everglades section. Like-
wise, the more recent limestones are to be founa on the
west coasts, especially in Lee and Sarasota counties. In
Manatee county, a local development of phosphatic lime-
stone known as the "bed rock" of the pebble phosphate
deposits, has been found to make a very attractive ma-
terial for interior finish.
"The deposits of coquina, a shell limestone, makes a
most attractive and distinctive building material. Ex-
posures of this can be seen along the east coast from
Anastasit island, opposite St. Augustine, southward for
many miles. This is, in fact, the first permanent building
material used in the United States since it entered into
the construction of Fort Marion and various other historic
structures of that part of Florida.
"In the vicinity of Brooksville, Hernando county, are
large deposits of limestone differing in character from
the Ocala in that it is very much harder. This limestone
is used in its crushed form as a concrete aggregate and
also a surfacing material for certain types of roads as
well as in other special uses. Furthermore, the lime-
stones of this region are now used in the manufacture of
cement. The Florida Portland Cement Company, with
its large modern mill at Tampa, gets its raw material,
the limestone and clay, from near Brooksville. This is
the first cement mill established in Florida and assures
the continued development and use of the limestones of
that part of Florida."
Florida minerals, the geologist said, are used as a dis-
infectant, in salt refining, correction of soil acidity, rub-
ber manufacture, wood distillation, paints, varnishes, kal-
somines, insecticides, soap, glue and lubricant manufac-
ture, coke oven and gas plant by-products, ammonia
works, sand-lime brick, water purification and softening,
bleaching powder, glass works, paper mills, tanneries,
sugar refining and chemicals.
WEST FLORIDA'S BEST BET
(Pensacola Journal, Feb. 20, 1928)
A blueberry tree worth $100 was cut into 1,000 pieces
and replanted on a five-acre tract of land near Crestview
last week. Within three or four years this five-acre tract
is expected to be earning its owner a very comfortable
The history of the blueberry in West Florida is as in-
teresting as any story of success ever written. More than
thirty years ago a young farmer named Sapp, to save
himself the trouble of going to the woods summer after
summer to gather the big rabbit-eye blueberries, con-
ceived the idea of transplanting the bushes.
Each season he added more bushes and the bushes be-
came trees and in time his thirty acre farm became one
of the show places of this section.
He died not many months ago, and some years before
his death he sold his farm for $25,000, to a syndicate of
Pensacola men, who are making money on the blueberries
Last summer before the berries had even ripened suffi-
cient orders had been received to cover the entire crop.
With berries selling at 35 cents the quart it is easily seen
that there is money in the rabbit-eye.
During the summer of 1926 carload shipments of ber-
ries were tried, as there are many growers of blueber-
ries in West Florida now besides the owners of the Sapp
At Crestview, which is the center of the blueberry in-
dustry, a shipping organization has been formed, which
handles not only the blueberry but other produce.
The rabbit-eye is fine with sugar and cream, makes
wonderful pies, and sells in Chicago, New York, Cleve-
land, Columbus and other cities at excellent prices. It
keeps remarkably well.
When Sapp spaded up his first rabbit-eye and took it
home to his little farm he started something. Today the
blueberry industry is considered by many as West Flor-
ida's best bet.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
SHELL FISH INDUSTRY SHOWS LARGE
INCREASE IN DECADE
Commissioner Hodges Says It Is Biggest Single
Money Producer of State
(Times-Union, Feb. 22, 1928)
Tallahassee-(A. P.)-In a single decade, the shell fish
industry of Florida increased nearly three-fold. This is
shown in a review of the expansion of his department,
given by T. R. Hodges, State Shell Fish Commissioner.
In 1913, Mr. Hodges recalled, the legislature created
the department and began operation on a shoestring.
Only $1,000 was appropriated for the department to
operate upon. The purchase of necessary office equip-
ment and supplies quickly exhausted that fund.
The Shell Fish Commissioner, finding no further funds
with which to establish his department, moved his own
office equipment into the capitol. The small revenue re-
ceived from the taxation on shell fish made it possible to
police the waters and enforce the laws.
In 1915, the rapid expansion began. The legislature
enacted general salt water fish laws, placing under the
jurisdiction of the Shell Fish Commissioner all scale fish
as well as shell fish. At that time, the combined industry
was worth approximately $10,000,000 to the State of
A census was recently taken by Commissioner Hodges.
This revealed the fact that the value of the fishing in-
dustry had increased from the $10,000,000 valuation in
1915 to $25,500,000, making it, the commissioner stated,
the largest single money producing industry of the state.
The revenues received from taxation on the industry,
Mr. Hodges added, have always supported the running
expenses of the department, and netted money and prop-
erty over to the state above such expenses.
In 1925, the commissioner continued, the department
was placed on the budget for operations in 1925, and
given an appropriation of $22,980 annually for operating
expenses. In 1927 that appropriation was increased
$1,680 per annum.
The department has established four fish hatcheries
and hatched and placed in the waters of the state millions
of fish, it was stated. In the state treasury and bank is
$38,455.33 to the department's credit above the appro-
priation for operating.
More persons are engaged in the fishing industry than
any other pursuit except of farming, Mr. Hodges said.
ANOTHER BOOST FOR CANNED STUFF
(St. Petersburg Independent, Feb. 20, 1928)
Whether canned vegetables and fruits are more palat-
able and more wholesome than fresh vegetables and fruits
cooked in the home kitchen is a question which has caused
a division of opinion among cooks and housekeepers ever
since canned foods began to be a general commodity on
the market. The weight of the opinion has been against
canned foodstuffs, at least until the past few years, and
canned articles were admitted to the majority of family
pantries and tables largely because often it was a case
of get it out of a can or go without. Those who have
persisted in that attitude toward canned stuff as well as
those who have always been ardent champions of cans and
canopeners as indispensable adjuncts of modern life will
be equally encouraged and pleased with the expert find-
ings of Milo Hastings, a nationally known dietitian in
charge of the food research laboratory of a well known
New York physical culture magazine. An excerpt from
one of his recent articles reads:
"When it comes to making a distinction between canned
foods and the same foods cooked at home, in nine cases
out of ten the idea that the home cooked 'fresh' foods are
better than the canned article is merely sentiment and
superstition and has no foundation in fact. Indeed, it is
quite often that the argument is on the other side, for the
reason that the canned goods are put up in the locality
of production and in the season of abundance and the
products are tree or vine ripened and are very often
much better in quality than those products that are picked
green for shipment to cities in the 'fresh' form. So
don't waste your money buying fresh ones to cook when
canned ones may be usually had cheaper and in fact are
There is no denying that canned foods have been one
of the great boons of modern life and will be even a
greater boon in the next few years. At first canned
foods were often extremely doubtful, even dangerous;
but the practices adopted by unscrupulous packers were
abated by the pure food and drugs act, and since then
there has been a steady improvement in canned food
articles of all kinds. So, with canned vegetables, fruits
and meats possessing as high a quality of food value as
the "fresh" variety, they take their place among the
great benefits of mankind, especially to housewives. Most
of them are already prepared, which eliminates the
trouble of buying the raw materials at store and market
and the work of preparing them for consumption. Also
they save the expense of cooking fuels, which is con-
siderable of an item in most cities.
FISH CANNERIES TO OPEN FRIDAY NIGHT
(Sarasota Times, Feb. 23, 1928)
Final arrangements have been made for the opening of
the new plant recently completed at Hog Creek by the
Florida Fish Canneries, Inc. The opening, which will take
place Friday night, will be in the nature of a fish fry, to
which the public is invited. Members of the company
will act as hosts, and will not only serve a delicious supper
featuring the company's products, but will stage an en-
tertainment as well. The program for the evening will
open at 7:30 o'clock.
The new fish canning plant has but recently been com-
pleted and equipped. However, since the first equip-
ment was put in place the plant has been in partial
operation, as samples of the products which will later be
manufactured on a large scale have been put up for
ST. LUCIE COUNTY SHIPS POTATOES
(Miami News, Feb. 16, 1928)
Fort Pierce, Feb. 16.-The first carload of potatoes
from St. Lucie county to be shipped this year left Mon-
day. It is thought this may be the first consignment of
potatoes to be shipped from any Florida point this season.
Raulerson and Hall were the growers. They have 90
acres, but only a portion is ready for shipping.
St. Lucie growers estimated that the potato crop of the
county would total approximately $200,000 this year.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
BEANS BRING $7.50 AT CANAL POINT
Ten Cars of Vegetables from Pahokee-Canal
Point in Six Days
(Everglades News, Feb. 3, 1928)
F. o. b. buyers at Canal Point paid on Wednesday as
high as $7.50 a hamper for string beans, and several hun-
dred hampers sold at $6 and $7. Offers of $7 are made
for beans that are to be picked today. Seven dollars and
a half here is equal to $10 in New York.
Day by day shipments from the Canal Point-Pahokee
Friday-1 car of mixed vegetables to Jersey City.
Saturday-1 car of beans to Jersey City.
Monday-3 cars of beans, 1 to Potomac Yards and 2
to New York.
Tuesday-1 car of beans to Jersey City.
Wednesday-4 cars of beans: 1 to Potomac Yards, 1
to New York and 2 to Jersey City.
There were express shipments in addition to these cars.
All of the cars were loaded at Canal Point except one
car on Monday that was loaded at Station O. B. 301.
Peppers are bringing $3 at Canal Point and prices on
eggplants have improved.
STATE POULTRY SPECIALIST VISITS
(Milton Gazette, Feb. 10, 1928)
Dr. J. J. Vara reports interesting work among Holmes
county poultry men during the early part of this week.
At this time the county was favored by a visit from Dr.
C. D. Gillis, an assistant state veterinarian representing
the Live Stock Sanitary Board. This work is part of a
larger project in which Dr. Gillis put on a campaign in
Holmes, Washington and Walton counties in the interest
of Florida's certified flocks of poultry breeders.
The primary purpose of Mr. Gillis' work is to au-
thoritatively identify breeding stock, hatching eggs and
chicks, with respect to quality, by describing them in
terms uniformly accepted in all parts of the country.
Protection is thereby afforded producers of prime
products from unscrupulous competition. At the same
time purchasers are enabled to buy with confidence, for
they are getting a certified product.
He shows poultry men how to produce eggs and chicks
under a state standardizing plan by testing flocks for
bacillary white diarrhea, and by culling for standard and
Any breeder whose flock has thus been tested and
culled has a right to advertise and offer for sale the pro-
duce of his flock under the state standard, which will be
understood all over the nation to stand for quality and
freedom from hereditary infection of bacillary white
Any purchaser who has ever bought eggs and chicks
and found them so infected will appreciate the value of
this assurance. And then practical assurance of pure
blood lines is also assured a consideration of great prac-
tical value. Breeders who have not had their flocks so
culled and tested are not authorized to offer stock and
eggs under the guarantee "Florida Stock Certified and
B. W. D. Tested."
Mr. J. C. Sykes, who lives six miles north of Bonifay,
and who owns an excellent flock of high-producing White
Leghorns, is one of the first poultrymen in West Florida
to co-operate with the State Live Stock Sanitary Board
in this work. Mr. Sykes' breeding stock has been tested
for bacillary and has been culled by Dr. Gillis. Little
culling was needed, as Mr. Sykes' stock is made up of birds
of pure blood lines and good standard characteristics.
His flock is now "certified" and he is authorized to offer
eggs and chicks from culled and tested breeding stock.
RESOLUTIONS PASSED BY MARION CO.
BOARD OF INSTRUCTION ON
(News Service, Marion County Chamber of Commerce)
WHEREAS, forest fires seem to be on the increase and
growing very rapidly, denuding our woodlands, killing our
young timber; and
WHEREAS, one of Florida's greatest assets-its wild
life and flowers-is being butchered by this ruthless prac-
tice so commonly indulged in as to be almost called a
virtue by the ever-increasing band of devotees; and
WHEREAS, Florida's enviable climate, sought by so
many from the frozen sections of the north, is being con-
stantly jeopardized, being made hotter in summer and
colder in winter, with these extremes becoming more
noticeable year after year; and
WHEREAS, it is a proven scientific fact that annual
rainfall becomes more uncertain and of a continued les-
sened quantity as a result of annual burning of the woods
and fields, thus creating one of the biggest economic
problems of our country; and
WHEREAS, humus in staggering volumes is being
burned annually, robbing the soil of one of its most valu-
able properties, making for lessened production in the
crops grown; and
WHEREAS, natural park areas are being destroyed,
which, if let alone, would be bright spots for the traveler
and the children in our own homes;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, that the Board of
Public Instruction for the County of Marion, State of
Florida, do hereby order a period of thirty days devoted
to the serious study of the subject of reforestation and
fire prevention as it relates to our woods in all classes
practical, and as soon as practical, so as not to interrupt
with any set plans; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a report be made
by each school as to the work undertaken and accom-
plished during the thirty days of observance, setting forth
the number of class discussions by each participating
grade, the classes participating, and a record of any par-
ticular research made during this period.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a copy of this
communication be sent to the Chairman and Secretary of
every Board of Public Instruction in the State of Florida
asking that similar action be taken in their respective
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a copy of this reso-
lution be given to the press of Marion County, the Gov-
ernor of the State of Florida, to the Superintendent of
Public Instruction for the State of Florida, to the State
Game and Fish Commissioner, and to the Chairman of
the Board of County Commissioners.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that each teacher,
white and colored, be notified promptly as to the action
of the Board and its order in this regard, and that each
school notify the Secretary and Chairman of the date
active study will be started.
Done by the order of the Board of Instruction for
Marion County, State of Florida, on this the 7th day of
February, 1928. C. D. MASSEY, Chairman.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
AMERICAN FRUIT DISTRIBUTORS
COMPLETE DEAL ESTABLISHING
HUGE CITRUS PLANT IN THIS CITY
Firm to Make Jacksonville Warehouse One of
Largest of Kind
(Times-Union, Feb. 13, 1928)
With negotiations completed by Telfair Stockton Com-
pany for the Martindale plant on Fourteenth and Walnut
streets, the American Fruit Distributors announced Sun-
day from their offices in the Florida Theatre building
that machinery was being rushed in and plans being form-
ulated for the immediate operation of the plant as one
of the largest and most complete packing and assembling
stations in America. The plant, it was said, will employ
several hundred persons.
Major Yandell O. Brown, Florida office manager, stated
that extensive surveys had been conducted from the com-
pany's New York office for the past several months as to
the feasibility of Jacksonville as an assembling point,
where practically all of the company's citrus fruit could
be shipped into one plant for grading, packing and re-
shipping. In addition to citrus fruits, hundreds of other
solid cars of commodities will be brought into the city,
where bulk will be broken and reshipped in mixed cars
throughout the United States.
Mixed Car Advantage
It was pointed out that through this method of mixed
car distribution the jobber in the smaller cities through-
out the United States would not only effect a substantial
saving in transportation charges as against express ship-
ments in small quantities, but he would not be penalized
with the deterioration often resultant in being forced to
purchase larger quantities than his market could eco-
nomically consume. Owing to the diversity of seasons
and products in the interior as well as on the East and
West Coasts of Florida, Jacksonville is the only logical
place in the state where the entire resources of Florida's
agricultural storehouse can be assembled and reshipped
without a prohibitive transportation disadvantage, it was
Cold Storage Plant
An enormous pre-cooling and cold storage plant also
will be constructed in connection with this station in
order that oranges and grapefruit might be available
from the state twelve months during the year. The es-
pecial advantages of this plan, it was pointed out, was to
place fruit in storage at any season of the year when the
markets suffered any glut or demoralization and to with-
draw it when supply and demand had regulated itself.
George I. Neally, president of the company in Chicago
which bears his name and who will temporarily locate in
Jacksonville to assume executive sales control of the
American Fruit Distributors, Inc., of which he is an of-
ficer, stated that New York and Chicago put hundreds of
thousands of boxes of citrus fruits in storage each year
when markets were at their lowest, and, in his opinion,
by utilizing the same methods in Florida the state could
ship first-class fruit twelve months during the year and
do so at substantial profit to the grower over the present
Contract for the plant equipment has been placed with
the Southeastern Electric and Supply Company of Or-
lando, which promises to have it completely installed and
the plant ready for operation within the next two weeks,
it was announced.
FLORIDA CELERY AND STRAWBERRIES
(Times-Union, Feb. 23, 1928)
This is the time of the year when Florida celery and
Florida strawberries are attracting general attention.
The two crops mentioned are features of the early spring
in this state, and while perhaps not the greatest money-
producers, they are very important and no doubt can
and will be extended. Florida celery is well known the
country over, and announcement from Sanford, which is
often called the Celery City, is to the effect that the crop
now going out rapidly from that point will bring a return
of about $6,000,000, which is something to talk about.
Conditions are said to be excellent in the celery section
this spring, with plenty of labor available and fair prices
offered for the extra fine product that the season has
Sanford reported a few days ago that more than six-
teen hundred carloads of celery had been shipped, which
was estimated as seventy-five per cent of the crop, the
movement being several carloads daily at this time. The
celery fields are showing great activity as the succulent
vegetable is cut and packed and put on board refrige-
rator cars for shipment. There has been excellent de-
mand for celery this season, with a probability of slightly
higher prices. The splendid quality of the product is
causing better demand; and Florida is pleased to be able
to furnish a great quantity of the healthful, delightful
stuff now so greatly prized as a food. For a long time
celery was regarded as a relish and little attention was
given to it for its food value, but it is now high on the
accredited lists and is expected with any well-balanced
Down at Plant City, the big shipping point of the ear-
liest strawberries, the growers of this delicious small
fruit are busy as bees getting the product to market. The
Plant City Courier a few days ago announced the begin-
ning of solid carload shipments, and promised that there
would be a steady and increasing movement northward.
Last week there were several days when carload lots
went out and the volume is now in fair comparison with
some other seasons.
Total strawberry shipments up to February 15 were
242,826 quarts, for which the growers received
$151,552.40, at the railroad platform. The season is far
behind the average, on account of late frosts retarding
early bearing. Last year, at this time the movement had
passed 400,000 quarts, and other years showed a much
greater production. Excellent prices have helped to make
things better for the growers, and it is thought that they
will keep up well for some time yet. The price was rang-
ing somewhat above fifty cents a quart last week. Com-
parative figures show that on February 15, 1923, the
amount of berries shipped from Plant City was 2,143,026
quarts, for which the growers received $514,204.36, in-
dicating a much lower price for the berries.
Plant City is also entering the field with various other
good things from the truck gardens, and the Courier re-
ported a quantity of English peas, bringing $3.50 a
hamper, at the railroad, and the promise of fair shipments
of spring squash within a few days. There is heavy and
insistent demand for Florida vegetables, and the truckers
are getting things into shape for big shipments, after the
setbacks of unusually late frosts. Florida always has
something good to offer the people, and is well pleased to
announce fine crops coming on.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
Financial Record of the Department of Agriculture
For 1905 to 1927, Inclusive
1. Population of the State.
2. Assessed valuation of all property of the
3. Income of Department of Agriculture from
the sale of State lands.
4. Income of Department of Agriculture from
5. Total income of Department of Agriculture.
6. Appropriations for Department of Agricul-
7. The Governor and the Commissioner of Agri-
culture for the dates given.
It will be noted that the appropriations were
larger for years in which the population census
was taken. This table also shows increased
appropriations for the year 1927 because the
remuneration for taking the agricultural and
manufacturing enumerations was twice as much
as for any previous enumeration and a greater
number of names were reported. This year's
appropriation carried in it an item of $15,000
for establishing a soil survey office, which has
not been effected for lack of requests for this
service; also $15,000 for an industrial survey
of the State, which is now being made. It also
includes the item of $75,000 per annum for
advertising the State's resources; this service
was begun in 1925 under an appropriation of
$50,000 per annum. The gubernatorial year is
the calendar year. The fiscal year begins July 1
and ends June 30, therefore there is an over-
lapping of the two at the beginning and end of
'l P;4 C.) H a- a? o a z
2 $131,436,593 $ 33,267.60 $ 31,534.36 $ 64,801.96 $ 13,048.72 1905
142,018,871 61,683.15 42,790.18 104,473.33 15,939.91 1906
154,553,078 49,553.01 43,535.71 93,088.72 14,107.00 1907
159,390,230 131,398.21 46,805.92 187,204.13 14,107.00 1908
165,763,467 266,092.87 56,822.60 322,915.47 15,915.99 1909
9 177,723,981 442,011.07 61,971.06 504,982.13 15,915.99 1910
196,805,411 419,360.20 71,353.25 490,713.45 23,087.50 1911
.212,887,518 146,498.04 82,820.55 229,318.59 23,087.50 1912
234,343,733 77,962.35 87,721.12 165,683.47 27,616.80 1913
285,860,875 132,646.13 89,687.55 223,333.68 27,616.80 1914
3 292,563,254 99,078.76 80,312.37 179,391.13 65,350.00 1915
304,944,175 31,090.06 85,240.49 116,330.55 65,350.00 1916
322,216,072 106,687.71 86,719.26 193,406.97 30,222.50 1917
352,038,848 215,557.63 83,846.59 299,404.22 30,222.50 1918
376,709,676 390,019.07 125,401.80 515,420.87 35,025.00 1919
0 409,588,938 337,739.33 190,694.18 528,433.51 35,025.00 1920
423,906,718 298,353.89 208,577.83 506,931.72 36,400.00 1921
421,448,514 314,645.69 243,890.04 558,535.73 36,400.00 1922
445,095,559 491,492.87 292,870.58 784,363.45 95,715.00 1923
475,197,304 565,702.761 327,405.71 893,108.47 95,715.00 1924
9 620,902,028 2,630,795.69 470,640.02 3,101,435.71 122,535.00 1925
S786,064,528 663,404.66 601,544.13 1,264,948.79 122,535.00 1926
727,821,318 367,051.84 590,326.34 957,377.18 247,070.00 1927
................. .............. .. ...... .. .. 2 4 7 ,0 7 0 .0 0 19 2 8
....................... $8,272,092.59 $4,002,511.64 $12,285,603.23 $1,455,078.21 .
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
TOBACCO YIELD TO BE GREATER
Acreage in Gadsden County Has Been Largely
(Special to Times-Union, Feb. 13, 1928)
Quincy-Gadsden county tobacco plantings for 1928
will be the largest ever known in this section. Hundreds
of growers and their helpers are transferring the shade
used last season in raising wrapper tobacco, to fresh
acreage for the coming season, and a large new acreage is
being prepared with poles and shade which will total
approximately 3,500 acres of this particular type of leaf.
Besides shade tobacco, there will be 1,500 acres of sun-
cured leaf, used for cigar filler, and it is estimated that
1,500 acres of bright leaf cigarette tobacco will be mar-
keted at Quincy.
The chamber of commerce, with offices at Quincy, is
preparing details for a drive to secure tobacco raised in
other states for this market, as well as a survey of the
tobacco growing territory lying close to this city, with a
view of getting the farmers to market all their product
With 6,000 acres of all types of tobacco and large
plantings of corn, peanuts, hay, watermelons, beans, pota-
toes and many other vegetables, a large portion of which
will be shipped in carload lots, it is predicted that Gadsden
county will reap its just share of the receipts secured
through increased farming activities this year.
FLORIDA SEEN HAVEN OF FISH
Sport and Commercial Fishing Abounds
(Daytona Beach Journal, Feb. 19, 1928)
Washington.-This is the season when the amateur
Florida fisherman goes out for his 150-pound tarpon,
while the professional Florida fisherman concentrates on
catching 150 million pounds of other kinds of fishes.
Forty years ago Florida marketed less than $1,000,000
worth of sea products. Today she occupies a commanding
position among Southern States' fisheries, shipping an-
nually to a broadening market catches valued at $5,750,-
"The key to Florida's fisheries can be found at the Key
West wharf market," says a bulletin from the Washing-
ton headquarters of the National Geographic Society.
"A householder can buy a string of twenty different
edible fish at Key West.
"Until artificial ice manufacture began it was neces-
sary to go south to feast on the many citizens of the
warm seas. Now a person with an active imagination
can give his order in a New York restaurant and in vision
sail out on the blue ocean under a warm sun, throw a
line, feel the jerk of the bite, hear the buzz of the reel .
And lo, the waiter serves the very fish that was on
the envisioned line, a Spanish mackerel, a delicious meal
for the 'catcher' and consumer who has not ventured a
mile from Manhattan.
Ports Have Specialties
"Various ports of Florida specialize on certain fishery
products. Pensacola for red snapper and grouper, Key
West and Palm Beach for kingfish and Spanish mackerel,
Key West alone for spiny lobster and sea turtle, Fernan-
dina for shrimp, Tarpon Springs for sponges, Apalachi-
cola for oysters, Marco for clams and Okeechobee for
catfish. Other important fishing centers are Bradenton,
Miami, Punta Gorda and Tampa.
"But Jacksonville has assumed the mantle of Boston.
In Florida rail connections west, northwest and north
enable Jacksonville to gather into its municipal arms ten
millions of pounds of Florida sea products annually and
ship them out in some six hundred carloads.
"The warm Gulf Stream waters are Dickensian in the
variety and curiousness of their inhabitants when com-
pared with northern waters. Even the names of fishes
suggest Dickens: Porgy is a resident of the reefs; mullet
is much sought after by net fishermen; grunt is good eat-
ing despite his noisy habits; the groupers comprise a large
middle class family; the sergeant major proudly wears
six black chevrons; cowfish looks not unlike Mr. Podsnap,
and swellfish can be as round as Mr. Pickwick.
St. Louis Buys Catfish
"Probably the most astonishing fish surprise that Flor-
ida holds is the catfish. Although salt water surrounds
the state, fresh-water catfish have won commercial repu-
tation. Seven million pounds of catfish have been taken
out of Lake Okeechobee in one year. Nearly all the
catch goes to St. Louis, for no matter what other cities
prefer, St. Louis likes its catfish."
(Leesburg Commercial, Feb. 16, 1928)
The North is awakening to new interest in Florida.
Again the magnets of her climate and her varied oppor-
tunities are exercising their potent charms. Real estate,
like spring violets, is peeping forth into new life and
activity. Building activities are going on apace. Rail-
roads and highways are both bringing an earnest, inquir-
ing people into our midst. Florida has never been any-
where except right, has needed no recovery because never
ill; but the mass thought of people, our own and those in
the north, has been negative, timorous, almost ready to
be stampeded into stasis as far as Florida's onward march
Now there is a new awakening. Never have we of
Florida needed to be so cautious, so conscientious, to
lean backward in our honesty of purpose. Our northern
friends and brothers must not be disappointed again.
They are coming with these slogans on their lips and in
their hearts: "We want to succeed; we want content-
ment; we want to make a success; above all, we want to
make a living."
The men who come to a new country wanting success
and a living and ready to work for it, are the backbone
of progress. Let us guide them expertly, cautiously, hon-
estly. No one can be an asset to us who does not pros-
per. It is the business of all of us who know Florida to
teach it to those who do not, to put eager feet upon right
pathways, to guard against too many mistakes painted
white; to nurse the faith our visitors have in us and make
it blossom forth in the blooms of a new and real pros-
SALTER SAYS DEMAND FOR POULTRY
(Milton Gazette, Feb. 14, 1928)
Santa Rosa county poultry is in strong demand for all
grades, according to W. C. Salter, Milton poultry ship-
per. Mr. Salter's shipments during the past week have
been heavier than at any time during recent months. His
trucks have been bringing in hundreds of head of
chickens during the week and these have been shipped
immediately to various markets.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
NARCISSUS SHIPMENTS NEARLY OVER
Good Returns Realized for New Industry-Will
Increase Plantings for Next Year
(Enterprise Recorder, Feb. 24, 1928)
Shipments of narcissus blooms are nearly over for the
season, according to A. D. Stanton, who, with S. Alex
Smith, are pioneers in a new industry in this city, that of
shipping narcissus blooms.
Mr. Stanton's total output for the season has been
shipped to Birmingham, Ala., while Mr. Smith's have
mostly gone there, though he has sold several locally, and
made one shipment to Chicago, which latter, however,
was not remunerative.
Mr. Stanton had about two-thirds of an acre in the
flowers this year, but this fall expects to plant another
acre from bulbs he has grown in his narcissus field here.
Mr. Smith will also plant probably another acre this fall.
While he was unable to give exact figures on his flower
crop, Mr. Stanton said the past season had beeh quite
profitable in spite of the fact that he would have had
twice as many blooms but for the dry fall and rains fol-
lowing. "There is more money in narcissus growing than
in shade tobacco," he added.
The blooms are not the only, or even the principal
source of revenue, as the multiplication of the bulbs en-
ables the grower to sell them, after his own narcissus
farm is established, and they bring a good and steady
COUNCIL FAVORS REVOLVING FUND FOR
Miami Clubs Call Upon Members to Support
(Miami News, Feb. 13, 1928)
By unanimous action the Miami Civic Clubs Council
adopted a resolution at its meeting Monday noon at Bur-
dine's, supporting the movement to create a revolving
industrial fund for Greater Miami and calling upon all
civic clubs to assist in this work.
The council is headed by Lilburn R. Railey, president,
and C. W. Horn, secretary, and includes representatives
of the various civic organizations of the Miami district.
The resolution proposes united effort to "create public
sentiment and demand for the establishment of a revolv-
ing industrial fund and to find ways and means whereby
cities constituting Greater Miami can create such a revolv-
ing fund for the purpose of assisting industries and enter-
prises now operating in Greater Miami and of offering
inducements to such worthy industries willing to enter
the Greater Miami district by financial assistance, tax
reductions and low ground rentals; and to invest and
assist in the creation of a joint stock land bank or an
intermediate credit bank, or both, to be located in Miami,
in order that agricultural, poultry and cattle interests of
this portion of the state of Florida may be developed and
The various civic clubs also are called upon to name
two members each to serve on a board created to carry
out the work proposed in the resolution, to promote its
objects and to consider various problems arising in con-
nection with the project.
The resolution was submitted to the council by the
Men's Club of Miami.
(Jacksonville Journal, Jan, 4, 1928)
DID YOU KNOW THAT-
Graceville, Jackson county, annually ships more water-
melons than any other point in the world.
Jefferson county produces 80 per cent of the world's
supply of watermelon seed.
The railroads spent a total of $130,472,791 in Florida
in 1924, 1925 and 1926, in bettering their facilities.
From January 1, 1924, to December 31, 1927, Florida
used 14,756,000 barrels of cement in highway building
and other construction.
The first electrically driven merchant vessel to ply the -
seven seas sailed from a Florida port. It was the Clyde
Line steamer Seneca, destroyed by fire last week in New
Mount Cornelia, on Fort George Island, at the mouth
of the St. Johns river, is the highest point on the Atlantic
coast south of Cape Henry.
The farthermost point in Florida from salt water is
only 72 miles distant.
The Seminole Indians of Florida are the only people
in the world still at war with the United States.
Only 514 per cent of Florida's white population is
Key West is the only frost-free city in the United
Florida possesses only 1.14 per cent of the nation's
population, but contributes 1.52 per cent of the federal
Florida shipped more than 91,000 carloads of fruits
and vegetables during the 1926-27 season.
The Department of Agriculture estimates Florida could
feed 15,000,000 persons if its soil produced to its full
Harriet Beecher Stowe had a winter home at Mandarin,
a few miles below Jacksonville, and spent many seasons
The grapefruit derives its name from the fact that the
fruit grows in clusters.
NEW INDUSTRY FOR CLAY COUNTY AT
Jennings Artesian Farm Co. Sells 160 Acres to
T. A. Brinson for Turpentine Still
(Clay County Times, Feb. 24, 1928)
Clay county is to have a new turpentine industry, it
was learned today in the announcement of the sale of
one hundred and sixty acres of forest land by the Jen-
nings Artesian Farm Land Company to T. A. Brinson,
head of the Fiftone Turpentine Company of Fiftone,
The announcement was made by S. Bryan Jennings of
Jacksonville, whose family own more than sixty thousand
acres of land in this county.
SHIPPING MANY CANNAS
(Enterprise Recorder, Feb. 24, 1928)
Mrs. J. E. Gornto has shipped about 75,000 canna
bulbs in the past two or three weeks. She had orders for
about 150,000, but the freeze damaged them so that all
of the orders could not be filled. It is understood that
she culled about 50,000 on account of the variety, and
that only certain varieties will be shipped in future, as
there is no demand for the other kinds.
SUWANNEE COUNTY PROGRESSING
RAPIDLY IN DIVERSIFIED FARMING
(Suwannee Democrat, Feb. 24, 1928)
Perhaps no section of the country is making more rapid
progress along the lines of agriculture and allied indus-
tries than Suwannee county. For the past several years
conditions have been steadily improving and for the past
three years the county has been going forward in farm
developments by leaps and bounds. Improvements are
not confined to any one section of the county, but there
seems to have been a general awakening among the farm-
ers of the entire county to the vast possibilities in every
line of agricultural endeavor.
The introduction of bright leaf tobacco culture three
years ago as one of the leading crops of the county, gave
the farmers a dependable money crop to take the place of
Sea Island cotton which was wiped out by the boll weevils
some ten years ago, and to this crop can be attributed
much of the prosperity Suwannee county farmers are
enjoying. The tobacco crop for last year probably put
as much money in the pockets of the farmers as any one
crop of Sea Island cotton ever did.
Watermelons, too, are being grown on a large scale
throughout the county and are proving to be one of the
best paying crops that can be produced in this section of
the state. The melons ripen in Suwannee county from
two to three weeks earlier than in the Georgia melon
section, thus enabling Suwannee county growers to ob-
tain better prices than can be secured on the later mar-
ket. Suwannee county shipped more melons last season
than any other county in North Florida.
Suwannee county probably leads the entire state in
the production of hogs. This section of the country is
admirably adapted to the growing of peanuts as a cheap
feed crop, which is so essential to success in raising hogs
for the market. The production of hogs in the county
has been steadily increasing for the past several years,
and it is now recognized as one of the leading hog pro-
ducing sections in the country. Upward of two million
pounds of meat has been cured by the local cold storage
plants, and the shipment of hogs this season has been
the largest in the history of the county.
WINTER TRAVEL EXCEEDS THAT OF LAST
All Florida Experiences Big Tourist Business
(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 28, 1928)
Tourist traffic to Florida this winter already has passed
the top mark of last season and is still moving.
While railway passenger officials here were unable
yesterday to give the percentage of increase, they agreed
that last winter's total was reached fully two weeks ago.
Washington's birthday generally sees the turning of
the tide. Prior to February 22, de luxe trains from New
York were bringing about 140 passengers. Now they
are bringing around 75 a trip, which is rated as heavy
business for the late days of the month.
The total movement, in figures, will not be available
for some time. Meanwhile, passenger men estimate that
the increase may run from 10 to 30 per cent. Some of
them admit that they are hitting in the dark in the matter
of percentages, but the men who check and ride the
trains after they cross the state border say they are tre-
mendously impressed with the upward trend of travel.
Resorts Report Big Business
"We are not trying to kid ourselves or the public, for
the bulk of the traffic already has moved," said a veteran
passenger man in Tampa last night. "My own idea is
that rail traffic is 20 per cent higher than last year. And
nobody knows how many thousands were brought in by
privately owned automobiles, which now have become our
Practically every city in Florida, classed as a tourist
city, has had better business than heretofore. But al-
ready the homeward trek by rail has started. Eastbound
trains are crowded. Reservations have been made through
March on every train operated by the Atlantic Coast Line
and the Seaboard Air Line, and there is a daily demand
from half a dozen points for "more Pullman space."
The season last year started late. It ran late. It may
not run as late this year, judged by Pullman bookings.
March 15, railroad men say, will see the heaviest rush
over. This does not mean, though, that the state will be
deserted by the tourist colony on that date. Accommo-
dations on de luxe trains have been taken up to and in-
cluding the last eastbound trips over both roads in April.
Visit Both Coasts
Roughly speaking, the business this season was about
evenly divided between the East Coast and the West
Coast. Palm Beach, of course, gets its same crowd every
year. But otherwise St. Petersburg and Miami took the
major share of the business for each section. Belleair,
like Palm Beach, draws much the same exclusive element
from year to year. This season Belleair ran way over
the total of recent years.
A heavy increase is reported in the cross-state business,
which means that tourists are anxious to see both sections
of Florida. There has been heavy travel to Cuba from
Tampa and Key West. But tourists making the trip were
back within a week. Reports brought back about high
hotel rates have checked the movement toward Havana,
according to traffic experts. Most of the tourists arriving
nowadays are classed as the "short crop" visitors, which
means that they've got to be back home in ten days or
From some quarters has come the suggestion, or rather
the belief, that the average tourist isn't spending as much
money as heretofore. That is easily answered, railroad
men say. "There is no big gambling," they explain, "and
hotel accommodations and living are cheaper-which,
after all, probably is responsible for the bigger travel
PREPARING FOR THE SPRING TOMATO
(Winter Haven Chief, Feb. 20, 1928)
Our friend, Joe Merrion, local fruit and vegetable
grower, notifies the truck growers of the section to plant
their tomatoes not later than March 5th. Joe explains
that it requires about sixty days to grow a normal crop
of tomatoes, which means that the harvest begins about
May 1st. Joe is anxious for the truck growers to take
care of this matter so that the Winter Haven section may
be assured of a bumper crop of tomatoes this spring.
The markets have been holding up fine and Merrion sees
no reason why they should not continue. Winter Haven
now has a chance to make good as a vegetable growing
section of the country, and it is up to the growers to do
their bit to reap the shekels and put their town in the
forefront among the communities that provide food for
the nation. Our back country is among the finest in the
state. Let's make it earn golden coins for us!
GREECE EXHAUSTS QUOTA ON ALIENS
EARLY IN YEAR
More Than 34,000 German Immigrants Were
Given Visas in Seven-Month Period
(United States Daily, Feb. 28, 1928)
Greece exhausted her immigration quota of 100 on
December 2, 1927, seven months before the fiscal year
expired, according to the list of immigration visas, just
made public by the Department of State.
A total of 34,066 German immigrants vere given visas
to enter the United States during the seven months end-
ing January 31, while during the same period 22,377
immigrants from Great Britain and Northern Ireland and
17,968 immigrants from the Irish Free State were given
The status of immigration quotas for the fiscal year
June 30, 1928, in those countries from which reports
have been received is as follows:
A fghan istan ............................................
A lbania ............ ........................ .....
A ndorra ........... ................ .........
Arabian peninsula ................................
Arm enia ............. .............. .........
Australia ........... ..........
A ustria ............................. ........
Belgium ............. .............. .........
Bhutan ........................... ........
Bulgaria ................. ................. .....
Cam eroon (British) ................... .......
Cam eroon (French) .................. ........
China ............................ .........
C zechoslovakia .......................................
D anzig, Free City of.................... ........
D enm ark .............................. ..........
Egypt ............................. .........
Ethiopia ........... ................ .........
F inland ........ .......... ..... ....... ...........
F ran ce ............ ............. ........ .....
G erm a n y .................................................
Great Britain and Northern Ireland......
H ungary ............... ....... .......... .........
In dia ................................. ..... .......
Ira q .................... ................... .........
Irish Free State ....................................
Italy ........................ ...........
Japan ............... .............. ........
Latvia ............ .... .... ...... ............ .......
Liechtenstein ........... .................
Lithuania ................ .................
Luxemburg .......... ........ .......
Monaco ....................................... ...
M orocco ................... ... .....
Muscat .......................... .........
N auru .............. ................ .........
N ep a l .....................................
N eth erlan ds ...................... ..............
N ew Zealand ............. ...................
N orw ay ............................... ...............
N ew G uinea ............................. .............
P ersia ............... ............... .........
Poland .................... .............
Portugal ................................. ........
Ruanda and Urundi............. ........
Rum ania .................................. .....
Russia, European and Asiatic .............
Samoa ............................. .........
San M arin o .......................... ............
Siam ....................... .. .... ....
South Africa, Union of.....................
South W est Africa............... .............
S p ain ............ ..........
Sw ed en ........... .......... ...
Sw itzerland ........... ....... ............
Syria and The Lebanon ............. ......
T anganyika ........................ .............
Togoland (British) ............. .............
Togoland (French) .......... .............
Turkey ............................ ..........
Y ap .......... ....................... .........
Y u g oslavia ....... ... ............. ............
OLD TIRES ARE MADE INTO SHOES IN
Imports of Casings Increase; Mexicans Also
(United States Daily, Feb. 29, 1928)
Old automobile casings are not wasted in Greece or
Mexico, according to reports by Consul Robert F. Fernald,
Saloniki, and Vice Consul Charles W. Lewis, Jr., Mexico
City, made public by the Department of Commerce. In
these countries automobile casings supply certain classes
with footwear, the report stated. The department's
statement follows in full text:
During the last four years old casings in Greece have
been used as shoes in gradually increasing number until
now it is estimated that at least 50,000 are imported an-
nually through the port of Saloniki. Unlike Greece,
Mexico has a large consumption of automobile casings and
is not so dependent upon outside sources.
Old automobile casings are reported in particular de-
mand for the making of footwear for the peasants in
Greek Macedonia and Thrace. The tcharik, a rough foot-
wear of Greek villagers, was composed formerly of a strip
of leather held around the foot with a leather lacing
passed several times around the ankle and calf over the
thick stockings. Now strips of old rubber casings have
completely supplanted the leather, it is declared. A hide
tcharik lasted only from one and one-half to two months,
whereas the rubber tcharik wears from eight to twelve
months, according to native wearers.
Although declared much more tiresome to wear than
the hide tcharik because of its weight, the rubber one
quickly gained popularity among villagers owing to its
economy and the better protection from dampness af-
forded the feet during the winter. Tire tchariks are re-
tailed at from 40 to 50 drachmas (the drachma, at present
rate of exchange, equals $0.0133) per pair. One old
casing yields three pairs.
In Mexico old automobile casings have also found a
use for footwear, known by natives as guaraches. They
are made simply by cutting a piece of rubber into the
shape of the sole and attaching it to the foot by means
of leather thongs.
FLORIDA FORESTRY AND CITY PLANNING
(Times-Union, Feb. 27, 1928)
Two very important movements, one having the wel-
fare of the entire state in view, and the other the future
good of Jacksonville, made very significant advances in
the past week. For the very great benefit of the State,
the Florida Board of Forestry began to function, under
the wise law enacted by the last state legislature. For
the city of Jacksonville, the city planning movement took
definite shape in the selection of a city planner, in the
person of George W. Simons, Jr., well and favorably
known throughout Florida for his very excellent work in
connection with the Florida State Board of Health, with
which Mr. Simons was prominently associated, until sev-
eral years ago, and during which association he performed
an enormous amount of good work in behalf of health
promotion through proper methods of sanitation.
During a two-day session of the Florida Board of For-
estry many matters of great importance to forestry in
Florida were discussed by foremost foresters of the
United States and by those less experienced in the prac-
tical work of forest preservation and in reforestation, but
none the less enthusiastic and sincere in their efforts to
do what can be done, practically and efficiently, for the
saving of Florida forests as yet undestroyed and of ex-
tending present forest areas within the state in order
that the great asset that is in forests may be safeguarded
and its value to all the people increased immeasurably.
The work undertaken by the Florida Board of Forestry
is of immense importance to all the people of this com-
monwealth, whether or not they are land-owners, lumber-
men or turpentine operators. It is not possible within
the limited space here at command to enumerate the
various benefits that are in forests. They are a part, and
a very important part, in the scheme of created things
that are for human welfare and human well-being, if
considered only in the relation that forests have to rain-
fall and general climatic conditions, although there are
other and very important bearings that forests have on
conditions by which human beings benefit, as all can
understand if they will give serious thought to the mat-
ter of forests and the good they are, and in so many
ways. Therefore, this forestry movement in Florida is,
or ought to be, of very great concern to every citizen of
this great commonwealth.
As the Florida Board of Forestry proceeds with its
work, that now has been inaugurated so auspiciously, so
will be the good to be gained by the state. The board
needs active, hearty, practical co-operation, which should
be given in every section of the state, in order that its
functioning may be of utmost possible value. Such co-
operation will be given by the federal government and
by the state government, but, in addition, it needs and
should have individual support and help in order that the
benefits to all the people of Florida may be all the greater,
as surely they will be with the most of practical work
made possible and performed.
In the matter of city planning, this, also, is of import-
ance, and not only to Jacksonville, to which the local
movement is confined, but to all the state. For, if what
Jacksonville is proceeding to do in the matter of making
the city, of which all its residents are so proud, more at-
tractive and in every way a better place in which to live,
then every city and every rural community in Florida will
benefit, if by no more than by being inspired to go and
do likewise, to make every Florida place of human habi-
tation a better place in which to live and to do business.
Florida, of all the.states in the Union, has the greatest,
the grandest opportunity to make immense and vastly
valuable strides forward, through thorough, practical city
planning. Here there is not so much that is old, and
badly planned as to be a hindrance to the work that now
is being undertaken. On the other hand, and a very great
advantage-here in Florida there is so very much that is
new, so many things just started or not yet begun, that
there is abundant opportunity for planning in advance of
performance, of profiting by the mistakes that have been
made, here and elsewhere, and for taking advantage of
what already has been accomplished in places where the
city planning movement has been functioning, with such
eminent success, and where benefits are being realized
Perhaps no other movements now under way in Florida
hold so much of promise for present and for future good,
general and individual, as the forestry movement and the
city planning movement. May these two movements go
forward in the accomplishment of their respective pur-
poses, must be the ardent wish and desire of every citizen
of this state.
ANTICIPATING HEAVY SUMMER TRAVEL
(Highland County News, Feb. 24, 1928)
Traveling Passenger Agent Harry S. Ellis of the Louis-
ville & Nashville railway stopped here briefly today to
confer with the chamber of commerce and size up the city
and vicinity on his trip through the Scenic Highlands.
Mr. Ellis said in the course of his conversation here that
many more tourists were in Florida this season than was
generally understood by most permanent residents, and
that more important was the fact that many more are to
visit the state yet this winter. According to the data he
had gathered, Mr. Ellis was convinced that this season is
going to be extended considerably more than usual and
than the permanent residents have been anticipating.
Mr. Ellis stressed his belief that interest in Florida is
materially increasing, and he is confidently looking for
the greatest summer travel in Florida this year that the
state has ever witnessed. Many people in the north who
have not seen Florida are anxious to do so and many of
these are planning on spending their summer vacation on
a trip to the Sunshine State this year.
FIRST LEE COUNTY CAR OF POTATOES
SOLD FOR $2,500
(Ft. Myers Tropical News, Feb. 21, 1928)
The first solid carload of potatoes to be shipped from
Lee county this season was packed yesterday by Elmo
Ballard, Iona farmer, and shipped from the San Carlos
station of the Seaboard. The car contained 620 bushels
in crates and sold for $4 a crate. The value of the total
shipment was slightly less than $2,500.
The potatoes were billed from Fort Myers to Savannah,
Ga., where they will be diverted to a northern market.
A second carload will be sent from the Ballard farm
Florida has the advantage of the mighty gulf stream,
the mightiest river on earth, ninety miles wide and a half
The total of water front lineage in the State includ-
ing lakes, rivers, bayous, estuaries, canals, is estimated
at 8,395 miles.