Dairy development in Florida

Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00040
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00040
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

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    Dairy development in Florida
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Full Text

jloriba Rebtiet


JANUARY 16, 1928


Dairy Development in Florida (Editorial)....................... .. .....
B. and L. Assets Increased Over 800 Millions in 1926 ...............
Osceola Bank First to Pay Off in South........................... .......
T w elve M million in B building ... .................................. ............. ........
Building and Loan Shows Growth........................... ..............
Billions of Protection Written by Fla. Fire Insurance Agencies.
Crop Values Eight Billion ................................................... ..........
M ile H ard Road for 172 Floridians ..... ...........................................
Four Ships Weekly to Havana Will Start on January 4................
Kentucky Capitalists to Develop Tallahassee Beaches on Gulf .....
Noted Writer Thinks Cuban Highway Will Draw Thousands Here
What Florida Has Accomplished in Road Building........................
Wright and Warlow High Bidders .......... .......... .................
Five Banks, Once Closed, Make Gifts.......................................
Quarter Million Dollars for Construction Work in This County.
Many Shippers Take Advantage of Port.....................................
Interesting Facts About Our State .................................... ...........
Federal Highways Would Benefit Florida......................................
Miami Becomes a Great Ocean Port ............................. ..........
Fort Myers Bonds Bring Premium on Florida's Market................
Dixie Highway Popular Route Into Florida.............................
To Stay on the Farm ................................ ...............................
V a lu e of F a rm s ....................... ............................................................
Growers Net $21,000 on Week's Shipments .....................................
Foreign Ships Put Into Miami Harbor...........................................
Egg Dealer Favors W eight Idea................................. ...............

State E exports G row $874,476 ...... ................................................ 10
Poultry Show of Orlando Proves Complete Success..................... 10
Tampa Floral Company to Expand............................................ 10
M elbourne Farms Yield Splendidly .................................... .......... 10
Urges Florida to "Tell W orld".............................. ................................. 11
New Canning Factory Starts........................................................... 11
Holly Hill Man Bringing Huge Chicken Industry to This Section.. 11
Grape Culture Yields Profits ........................... ............................ 12
Beans by Boat in New York in Good Condition............................... 12
Tomato News .. .............. ....................................... 12
Syrup Crop in County Very Good This Year................................. 12
Figures Show Marked Gain in Florida Farming ........................... 13
Longer Season for Berry Growers Would Result............................ 13
Dairying Here Is on "Boom "........ ..................................................... 13
Sarasota Ships Christmas Celery .................................... ........... 13
Gulf Power Co. to Cover Escambia ............................................. 14
Shipping First Car Bartow Cabbage...... .......................................... 14
Miami Favored as State Base for Business 14
Many Carloads of Escarole To Be Shiil.**:.j 14
Holiday Quota of Strawberries Off r..r .,.rih 15
Amos Handles Eighty-nine Millions in I~-.r.n Y'art 15
Five Counties Free from T. B. During Year 1926....................... 15
Tamiami Trail To Be Completed in 45 Days' Time....................... 16
Object Lesson in Farm Truck.................... ..................................... 16
State Grows Only Fraction of Its Butter.... ................ 16
T u rk ey s ...................................................................... 1 6


By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture

AIRY development in Florida is as sure to
come as anything can humanly be. We
cannot conceive of a well-rounded de-
velopment of our state that does not
have dairying as an established and profitable
industry. With our climatic advantages and
with our soil resources so splendidly adapted
to successful dairying, we should supply every
home in the state and every public eating place
with every drop of milk, every ounce of butter
and cheese, and every pint of ice cream which
they need. This is a reasonable objective to-
ward which the dairymen of our state should
The history of dairying in Florida is replete
with interest. I do not suppose a state in the
Union has had its dairying and cattle raising
more beset with peculiar conditions. To begin
with, we were menaced by the prevalence of
that curse of the South-cattle tick. This
plague has played a big part in retarding the
improvement of our live stock by making haz-
ardous the importation of better strains. Our
cattle industry has therefore been almost segre-
gated insofar as having importations of new and
better blood is concerned. Men have hesitated
to buy new blood in tick-free territory and bring
them here to face the danger of Texas fever.

Not only is this true, but it is likewise a fact that
scores and hundreds of cattlemen and dairymen
who were prospective settlers here have been
frightened away by the danger of cattle tick.
The rapid growth of our cities within the past
decade has produced unusual market demands.
During the so-called "boom" period, when we
had a surfeit of visitors, the price for dairy
products rose to high levels. Local production
was altogether inadequate, and the very natural
consequence was a tremendous importation of
milk and butter from other states. Looking
back over the past few years I believe we may
see very clearly some of the errors we have com-
mitted, and from them may get a good lesson
for our future guidance. Put to sleep by the
opiate of high prices, too many of our dairymen
have failed to look to the proper selection of
their cows from the standpoint of production.
Thus our dairy herds have all too often been
made up in part by animals which were "board-
ers"-boarders of that class who never pay their
board bill. Again, the dairy cattle of this state
have been fed altogether too largely on im-
ported dairy feed. With retail prices of milk
at a high figure, dairymen have not hesitated
to patronize the feed mills of distant states in-
stead of their own silos, pastures and grain

Vol. 2

No. 16

No. 16


fields. It is so easy to follow the lines of least
resistance that we can hardly wonder at the
spectacle of Florida's milk cows being fed from
feed mixed in Toledo, Minneapolis and Kansas
City instead of in Florida. Let us no longer de-
lude ourselves with the belief that we can per-
sist in such practices and meet the competition
we are now facing from other quarters. Florida
dairymen must not only select cattle of the right
type, must not only safeguard these cattle
against some of the dangers prevalent to milk
cows in Florida, but they must turn their earnest
attention to the production of a larger percent-
age of the feed which these cows consume. It
is utterly impossible to have confidence in our
ability to maintain ourselves as dairymen while
we continue to buy such a big part of our feed.
To state the fact bluntly, I believe that we may
say that Florida dairymen must learn to cut
their cost of production by growing more of
their own feed or they must eventually be put
out of business in competition with those dairy-
men who have already learned this lesson.
Let me say a few words now about the present
situation as regards production of dairy products
in Florida. We have just recently completed an
agricultural enumeration in this state. From
reports which I have at hand I find that the
total production of butter in the year 1926 by
our 51,034 cows in this state was 1,269,354
pounds. This was almost exactly one pound
for every man, woman and child who are citi-
zens of the state. When we reflect that the
average consumption per capital of butter in the
United States is one 'ounce per day we do not
have to figure far to see that Florida's produc-
tion would only supply the average individual
with butter sufficient for sixteen days. To put
it in other words, the people of Florida, together
with the visitors who come to us during the year,
are consuming about forty-eight million pounds
of butter per year, while our dairymen are pro-
ducing only a little more than one and one-
fourth million pounds, or three per cent of our
total requirements. This means that we are buy-
ing about ninety-seven per cent of all the butter
that we consume in Florida, and, therefore, are
paying other states many millions of dollars per
year for this one dairy product.
Turning to milk production, we find that the
production for 1926 was 22,938,107 gallons.
This was only eighteen gallons per year for each
man, woman and child in the state, not figuring
a single pint for our tourists. In other words,
the people of this state, if they were to get no
milk from the outside, would be subsisting upon
six quarts per capital each month, or less than
one-half pint per day. When we examine these
facts in comparison with the annual per capital
consumption of milk for the United States,
which is nearly fifty-five gallons, we find that
our Florida milk cows are supplying us on the
average with just about one-third of our re-
quirements in the way of milk. We do not have
the figures covering importation of cheese and
other dairy products, but we are quite sure that
we import practically all we use. To sum up,
we are within the bounds of safety in stating
that the consumers of Florida are being sup-

plied with much less than one-third of their
needs by our local dairymen.
Someone may ask how it is that Florida dairy-
men are reported to have a hard time disposing
of their milk at certain seasons of the year in
the light of the facts which I have just given
you. How is it, if our Florida cows do not pro-
duce one-third of our needs, that we hear dis-
tressing stories from our dairymen about low
prices and glutted markets? The answer is not
difficult to find. If we had accurate statistics
we would find that into our state every year
there is coming a stream of imported milk
aggregating millions and millions of gallons.
This milk comes to us in some cases from points
many hundreds of miles away. We get it in
huge quantities from Illinois, Pennsylvania and
Wisconsin. It is produced by dairymen who
have so studied their business that they are able
to produce milk at a cost low enough to under-
sell the dairymen of the state of Florida. Just
here allow me to state that we have good reason
to believe that some of the milk coming to us
from other sections is milk of inferior quality.
Here we have a danger against which we need
protection. A state-wide uniform law safe-
guarding us against imported milk of question-
able quality should remove this possible menace
and at the same time afford legitimate relief to
our dairymen who suffer ruinous competition
because of it. It would probably be of special
interest to the men who manufacture ice cream
in the South to know that Florida imports most
of her needs in this line also-and that ice cream
by the carload and by the boatload.comes here
from distant points like Boston.
Much hope properly attaches to the fact that
a State Dairymen's Association has recently
been organized and has in the making plans
looking towards the rapid development of this
necessary industry. I have much confidence in
the ability of our own dairymen to work out a
successful future for themselves. We may con-
fidently expect as a result of their concerted
action to see the application of better practices
in dairying. This implies all those things to
which I have alluded-better breeding, greater
production of home feed, and a better system of
marketing. We may also look forward to see-
ing the enactment of certain legislation needed
by our dairy interests, and I may add by the
interests of the public health.
Just one more word. I believe we need in
the state of Florida a general awakening to the
necessity of patronizing our home industries. I
believe we should have campaigns, the objec-
tive of which should be more home production
of higher grade products and more general con-
sumption of these same home-produced necessi-
ties. It will be a happy day for Florida when
she learns how to satisfy her every need from
the abundant resources with which a kind Provi-
dence has blessed her.

Florida has 10,520,000 acres of flat woodlands, 3,640,-
000 acres of hammock or hardwood land and 3,840,000
acres of muck land. The other 6,876,000 acres is divided
among rivers, lakes and lowlands.


Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO........... ...Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS..............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR............... ...............Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.

Vol. 2

JANUARY 16, 1928


Florida's Increase Was Nearly Six Millions
During Last Year

(Lakeland Star Telegram)
The value and scope of building and loan associations
and an outline of the remarkable achievement of the
Lakeland Building and Loan Association were topics of
great educational value presented in an interesting man-
ner at yesterday's luncheon meeting of the Rotary Club
at Hotel Thelma.
Rotarian Jay C. Smith and W. H. Rhodes, manager of
the Lakeland association, were the speakers.
In his address to the club, Rotarian Smith gave much
authentic information concerning the workings of the
system and the extent of the building and loan move-
ment in this country, some of the high lights being:
At the close of 1926 there were 12,626 building and
loan associations in the United States, and 73 in Florida.
National membership in these associations at the close
of last year was 10,665,705, while Florida had 27,000, or
at the ratio of one to eleven in the entire country and
one to 46 in Florida.
Aggregate assets of all associations throughout the
country in 1926 was $6,334,103,807, while of this total
Florida contributed $39,357,725.
Increase in national membership last year was 778,708,
while in Florida it was only 1,635 or at the respective
ratios of 7% and 6 per cent.
Increase in assets the country over in 1926 was $824,-
927,653, and in Florida $5,741,175, or approximately 14
per cent for both state and nation.
During the five years from 1921 to 1926, building and
loan assets increased 119.1 per cent, while during the
same period the assets of all the banks in the United
States, both state and national, increased 30.7 per cent.
Methods Explained
Methods of making loans were explained by Rotarian
Smith, who stated there are two bases for loans, one be-
ing first mortgage loans and the other what is known
as passbook loans.
As a practical example of the extent of accumulation
on the basis of depositing $5 a week, it was stated that
this amount gives approximately $2,000 at the end of a
little over six years.
Speaking of the work of building and loan associations,
the speaker showed that it is a great factor in inducing
people to own their own homes and that it also encourages
systematic saving.

Local Association
Chairman W. F. Cook next presented W. H. Rhodes,
manager of the Lakeland organization, who made public
some information not generally known locally to the
effect that stockholders in the home association reside all
over the world-in China, England and Scotland, Hawaii,
the Canal Zone, Cuba, Mexico and in almost every state
in the Union. This has been accomplished, he said,
through using the advertising columns of newspapers and
The assets of the Lakeland Building and Loan Asso-
ciation, he stated, are double what they were a year ago,
permitting of the making of loans all through last sum-
mer and autumn. At the present time loans are being
made at the rate of about one every week day, the
average amount being around $2,300 to $2,400.
At the end of last month the assets were $962,000
and Mr. Rhodes predicted that they would exceed a
million dollars by the end of this year. On November 30
the amount paid in by shareholders was $892,578.95,
represented by $762,300 in paid-up stock, and the balance
in running stock and prepaid stock. The bulk of the
money, about $700,000, coming from points outside
Lakeland, Polk county, and even Florida.
Speaking of the soundness and safety of building and
loan associations, Mr. Rhodes quoted from statistics of
the United States Department of Trade and Commerce
showing that for every $700,000 invested in such organ-
izations the loss has not exceeded one dollar. The divi-
dend rate here in Lakeland has all along been 8 per cent,
paying 2 per cent quarterly on paid-up stock, and 4 per
cent semi-annually on running stock. The former is paid
in cash and the latter is credited to the value of the stock.


(Kissimmee Valley Gazette)
Establishing what is believed to be a record in banking
circles in the south, the Bank of Osceola County an-
nounces that it will pay off all outstanding certificates of
deposit on Tuesday, December 20. So far as known, this
is the first bank in this section of the country that closed
its doors and then opened and issued certificates of de-
posits to its customers, to pay off.
The certificates to be paid off next week would have
matured on February 14. The original issue of certifi-
cates of deposit amounted to $635,000, approximately
ninety per cent of which already has been paid.
Officials of the bank naturally are proud of this record.
They point out that it speaks well for the substantial
condition of this community.


(St. Augustine Record)
Jacksonville has passed the twelve million mark in
building during eleven months of the year 1927. The
mark set for the year by Building Commissioner John
Fowler, of that city, was a million a month, and already
the Gateway City has gone over the top, with another
month ahead in which to stock up a goodly reserve over
and above the amount set.
The City of Jacksonville sets the pace for other cities
of Florida, with her steady, consistent onward push along
all lines. What Jacksonville does she does well, and when
she builds, she builds to stay. Twelve million in build-
ing for 1927 will put that city a long way ahead.



Associations Founded in Florida 39 Years Ago.
$40,000,000 Assets

(Winter Haven Chief)
Tallahassee, Fla.--(A. P.)--Thirty-nine years ago the
first building and loan association was chartered by the
state government. In those thirty-nine years the build-
ing and loan industry of Florida has grown to assets of
over $40,000,000.
This was revealed at the office of Comptroller Ernest
Amos, when information was given out by the State
Banking Department regarding the growth of the build-
ing and loan business of the State.
First Formed at Ormond
The first building and loan association was formed at
Ormond. It was incorporated on Feb. 25, 1888, while
former Gov. E. A. Perry was in the executive chair. It
was incorporated to exist for 99 years.
Coincident with the growth of the industry is the
fact that there have been relatively few changes in the
building and loan association laws. Of course, it was ex-
plained by banking department officials, certain revisions
were necessary to meet expanding conditions.
The object of the Ormond Building and Loan Associa-
tion, as pointed out in the charter, was "to afford its
members a safe investment for weekly savings, to facili-
tate their acquiring homesteads and to secure to them
the advantages usually expected from savings and co-
operative institutions. The application for the charter
was signed by "Washington Watson, William Watson, L.
Moreton Murray, J. E. Frances, R. A. Sanford and
William E. White, et al." The capital stock was given
as a million dollars.


Figures for Period Since the Year 1879 Are

(Plant City Courier)
Tallahassee, Dec. 19 (A.P.)-From 1879 to 1926, fire
insurance companies operating in Florida wrote gross
risks amounting to $13,618,211,464; received $137,-
344,242 from net premiums, and incurred net losses of
$78,799,109, the latest statement of John C. Luning,
State Treasurer and ex-Officio Insurance Commissioner,
covering the fiscal year ending June 30, 1927, shows.
The ratio losses to the premiums for the fire under-
writers doing business in the state from 1879 to 1926
was 57.4.
A steady gain in all departments of the fire insurance
industry in Florida is shown in the report. Back in 1879
the gross risks written amounted to only $6,416,446,
while in 1926 the figures for that item had grown to the
gigantic sum of $3,557,117,594. In but a few instances
in the 47-year period was a decline shown in the yearly
totals of the risks written. In 1897 the net premiums
received totalled $89,447, and the net losses incurred,
$102,551, while the ratio losses to premiums was 114.6.
In 1926 the net premiums received were $20,238,728;
the net losses incurred, $24,011,371, and ratio losses to
premiums, 118.6.
The more recent development of Florida brought a
corresponding expansion in the fire insurance business.

The report shows that in 1919 the gross risks written
were $391,910,938; in 1920 the total was $683,057,465;
in 1922, $796,505,532; in 1923, $1,050,967,080; in 1924,
$1,217,759,161; and in 1925, $2,069,198,226.
The net premiums received, the net losses incurred
and the ratio losses to premiums showed sharp increases
in most instances, although the fluctuation in the ratio
losses was more pronounced from 1919 to 1926.
From 1919 to 1926, a total of $10,489,697,917 was
written in gross risks; $83,765,929 was received in net
premiums; $47,345,140 was paid out in net losses, and
the ratio losses to premiums was 56.6.


Florida and California Orange Yield to Dec. 1
Is $100,620,000

(Lakeland Ledger)
Washington, Dec. 20 (A.P.)-This year's harvests of
important farm crops, including fruit and commercial
truck crops, have been valued by the Department of
Agriculture at $8,428,626,000 compared with $7,793,-
480,000 last year. The values were based on December
1 or seasonal prices paid to farmers.
Revised estimates of production based on the latest
and fullest information available and the value of each
crop were announced:
Corn production, 2,786,288,000 bushels, valued at
Combined winter and spring wheat crop, 871,691,000
bushels, valued at $974,694,000.
Cotton crop, combining the value of lint and seed, was
valued at $1,462,471,000.
Hay, including tame and wild, totaled $1,320,524,000
in value.
Total Production
The total production of some of the principal crops and
their values based December 1, or season farm price,
Corn, 2,786,288,000-bushels, at $2,014,725,000.
Winter wheat, 552,384,000 bushels, $645,901,000.
Spring wheat, 319,307,000 bushels, $329,603,000.
All wheat, 871,601,000 bushels, $974,694,000.
Oats, 1,195,006,000 bushels, $537,276,000.
Cotton, 12,789,000 bales, $1,253,599,000.
Oranges, California and Florida, 32,544,000 boxes,
Grapefruit, Florida, 6,300,000 boxes, $16,695,000.
Lemons, California, 6,400,000 boxes, $17,600,000.


(Chipley Banner)
Florida has a mile of hard-surfaced highway for every
172 of her population, according to figures compiled for
advertising purposes by the Bureau of Immigration, State
Department of Agriculture.
The data was gathered by assistance of the United
States Bureau of Good Roads.
The state, it was found, with its 7,345 miles of hard-
surfaced roads to date, has over 48 per cent of all roads
of that type in what is known by the government as Dis-
trict No. 1, comprising Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana,
Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee and Florida.
The state, the bureau is telling the nation, is spending
over $25,000,000 a year for good roads.



P. & O. Line Seeks to Accommodate Increasing
Tourist Travel

(Tampa Tribune)
Four steamers a week will be put on the Tampa-
Havana run by the Peninsular and Occidental Steamship
Company January 4 to accommodate the rush of travel
from the West Coast to Cuba during the tourist season.
In late years Tampa has become the important port for
Cuban traffic, especially with the operation of de luxe
trains from New York to this city by the Atlantic Coast
Line and the Seaboard Air Line. Ships will sail from
Port Tampa every Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday and Sat-
urday on a 24-hour schedule to Havana via Key West.
Returning the ships will leave Havana every Monday,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Announcement of the new service was made yesterday
by Paul J. Saunders, vice-president and general man-
ager of the Peninsular and Occidental Steamship Com-
pany, who called attention to the heavy demand for
reservations. While much of the travel to Cuba is down
the East Coast to Key West, Mr. Saunders reports that
Tampa is attracting more and more attention every year
from tourists. Many travelers go one route and return
the other, so as to see "both sides" of Florida.
"It is hard to figure just what the winter travel will
be, but indications point to the fact that many tourists
here this winter will take a side trip to Cuba," said J. G.
Kirkland, division passenger agent of the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad, part owner of the steamship line. "We
judge that by reservations on the ships. The man down
here for the winter or part of the winter likes to take a
little trip to foreign soil, and the traffic, in the opinion
of the P. and O. officials, will amply justify four boats a


(Tallahassee Daily Democrat)
A mile and a half of valuable beach front near
Panacea is to be developed within the next year and to
be given the name, "Tallahassee Beaches."
The project is owned by a wealthy Louisville, Ken-
tucky, syndicate, owners of the Kenyon building, one of
the most noted and valuable office structures in that city.
It is located only one and a half miles south of the noted
medical spring resort of Panacea, and is said to be one of
the most attractive beaches on the Gulf coast. The de-
velopment of this property will do much to enhance the
popularity of Panacea.
Walter S. Adams, a prominent member of the develop-
ment company, spent several days here last week, in-
specting the property and making initial plans for build-
ing docks and dredging necessary ways.
Mr. Adams says that the outlook for Florida is brighter
now than at any time since the deflated land boom. Storms
and frigid weather were causing thousands of people to
seek this genial climate and the next few years would
see an amazing influx of people to this favorable section.
Mr. Adams and his board of directors will come to
Tallahassee within the next few weeks and complete their
plans for the development of one of the finest resorts on
the gulf coast.


Key West Given Another Big Boost in Widely
Published Wright Story

(Key West Citizen)
Cuba's $75,000,000 road building program and what
this will mean in connection with the Over-Sea Highway
is featured in a story by Hamilton Wright, which has
been widely published in every section of the country.
The article was written from Havana. It shows that
Cuba will soon have 700 miles of as fine paved highway
as is to be found anywhere; it calls attention to the fact
that the Over-Sea Highway will be opened very shortly,
and it predicts that auto ferries will soon be in operation
between this city and Havana.


(Lakeland Star-Telegram)
Those of us who drive over the State from time to
time can not help but note the steady progress that is
being made in the building of paved highways, both by
the State Road Department and the several counties.
However, county operations are on the wane because
the various counties have learned that it is cheaper and
better to turn over whatever road funds they possess to
the State Road Department, allowing the state highway
road experts to plan the roads and have them built by
contractors who are familiar with state requirements and
are therefore in a position to do better work.
It is interesting to review the progress that has been
made by the State of Florida in road building operations.
According to Dr. Fons A. Hathaway, chairman of the
State Road Department, Florida had invested up to the
first of November more than $25,000,000, of which
amount $8,000,000 came from the co-operating counties.
There are two road systems in the state known as
preferential, these having been established by act of
the State Legislature. The first preferential system em-
braces 2,479 miles, which, according to Dr. Hathaway, is
now approximately 60 per cent complete. The second
preferential system embraces 994 miles, and only 5 per
cent of this mileage is complete. As has been already
noted in press dispatches, Chairman Hathaway estimates
that it will take at least 15 years longer to complete all
the essential highway routes throughout the state.
Making comparison with road work in other states,
Florida has the edge by at least 2,000 miles. Washing-
ton statistics issued by the Federal Bureau of Public
Roads, Department of Agriculture, give Florida 7,354
miles of paved highways; Tennessee, 5,263; North Caro-
lina, 3,331; Georgia, 950; Alabama, 583; Mississippi, 496;
South Carolina, 430, and Louisiana, 110.
While Florida's system is not complete and will require
the additional expenditure of probably $150,000,000, the
fact remains that the state is being well served and is
reaping rich benefits from the money already invested.
Thousands of motorists from other states are in Florida
today because it has been possible to drive to the state
over splendid highways, and, having reached here, to go
to any section of Florida as fancy or preference might



Third Group of $7,000,000 Road Issue Sold for
$1,321,500-All Bids Over Par

(Orlando Star)
County road bonds totaling $1,305,000 were sold today
for $1,321,500 by the Board of County Commissioners to
the Wright-Warlow Company of Orlando and the Eldridge
Company of New York. The sale of the bonds was made
at a gain of $16,500 above par, or a rate of 1.01265.
There were seven bidders, all of which offered sums above
The bonds will draw five per cent interest, payable
semi-annually, and will be dated July 1, 1926. They will
fall due in principal $395,000, July 1, 1949; $435,000,
July 1, 1950, and $475,000, July 1, 1951.
The bonds are the third group of the $7,000,000 road
bond issue voted by the county in March, 1926, which
fund is used for hard-surfacing the roads in the five dis-
tricts of the county.
Chairman L. L. Payne of the Commission stated that
he believed that sale of bonds today established a record
price for any county road bonds ever sold in central
Commissioners as well as the financial representatives
from over the country who gathered here for the bidding
expressed the opinion the selling price and the offered
price of the bidders was indicative of the sound condition
of Orange county. It also shows, it was stated, the faith
that the financial world has in the future of Florida and
especially Orange county.
Each time that the county has offered the road bonds
for sale numerous bidders from over the country have
been present and good bids were offered, but the sale this
time in bringing all offers at par or above, has set a-


Institutions Under Receivers Have Made Profit
for Several Months

Tallahassee, Dec. 10.-(A. P.)-Five banks of Florida,
which closed their doors some time ago during a brief
flurry of financial depression, in spite of the fact that
they have temporarily suspended operations have made
their depositors Christmas gifts of substantial sums,
Comptroller Ernest Amos announced.
The banks are at Madison, Buena Vista, Daytona
Beach, West Palm Beach and Cottondale.
Four of the institutions paid 10 per cent in dividends,
and the fifth, that at Cottondale, 25 per cent.
The banks are being handled by receivers appointed by
the comptroller.
The dividends paid by each follow:
Madison State Bank, Madison, Fla., 10 per cent, $28,-
030.98; Bank of Buena Vista, Buena Vista, Fla., 10 per
cent, $101,677; East Coast Bank and Trust Company,
Daytona Beach, Fla., 10 per cent, $34,437; Commercial
Bank and Trust Company, West Palm Beach, 10 per cent,
$107,432.38; and Planters' Bank of Cottondale, Cotton-
dale, Fla., 25 per cent, $15,576.23.
The comptroller's office has for some time handled
closed banks under a 1927 legislative act which permits
the "freezing" of 75 per cent of the depositors' funds
for reopening them, and a number of the institutions have
been put into operation again in that manner.


School and Road Projects-Next Few Months
Will See Great Activity in All
Parts of County

(Holmes County Advertiser)
Holmes county faces a prosperous year. Within her
rather small boundaries there is already assured over a
quarter million dollars worth of public work to be con-
structed during the next few months. All these projects
are definitely planned and adequately financed. There
is the $200,000 road work to be done. Two hundred
thousand dollars by no means represents the road ex-
penditures in our county, but only that on the two north
and south highways designated in the bonds recently sold.
Then there is the $40,000 school building to be erected
in Bonifay. But this is not all in the education line, for
Poplar Springs is putting in $22,000 in a modern consoli-
dated school plant. Nor is this all, for a general forward
movement will result in considerable expenditures for
school improvements at many places in the county.
Neither must we neglect the considerable thousands
that will be spent by private interests in building and im-
provements. Taken all together, more money will be put
in circulation for improvements this year than ever before
in the history of the county. The end of the year will
doubtless see the grand total nearer a half than a quarter
of a million dollars.
In addition to this, farmers and stock raisers are pro-
jecting plans on a scale never before equalled for the
next year's enterprises. All these things mean work, and
work means wages, and wages mean business. In accord-
ance with these prospects merchants and other business
men are adjusting their affairs for a big year. They will
not be disappointed. The time has come to venture and
expect bigger things.


Wide Variety of Vegetables Go North on
Steamer from Everglades

(Palm Beach Post)
Gratifying response to action of the Baltimore and
Carolina Steamship Company in instituting a direct Port
of Palm Beach to Baltimore service was accorded by
Palm Beach county growers and shippers yesterday when
the new service was inaugurated, according to J. F. Burr,
local agent for the concern.
A wide variety of vegetables was trucked from the
Everglades section of the county and loaded on the
steamship Frances Weems, which arrived at the Port of
Palm Beach at daylight yesterday morning from Miami,
and sailed direct for Baltimore at 2 o'clock in the after-
noon. Beans, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant and
squash were included among the varieties of vegetables
loaded here.
Citrus fruits from the Jupiter section and miscellaneous
assortment of general merchandise from West Palm Beach
and elsewhere were also included in the cargo loaded at
the Port of Palm Beach.
The direct to Baltimore service is being instituted by
the Baltirpore and Carolina Company with the view of
eliminating vegetable shipments from Palm Beach county
by water from Miami.





State Chamber of Commerce Assembles Sur-
prising Data

(Haines City Daily)
Jacksonville, Dec. 16.-(Special)-Does the average
Floridian know that the most westerly point touched by
the Atlantic Ocean is 20 miles north of the mouth of the
St. Johns river; that Fernandina possesses the most wes-
terly entrance, and that Jacksonville is the most westerly
port? Does he know that Palm Beach is approximately
104 miles east of Jacksonville and that the entire conti-
nent of South America lies east of the Duval county
These are merely samples of Florida facts which will
be brought to the attention of Floridians themselves and
the state's thousands of visitors during the week of Jan.
9 to 15, which Governor Martin, by proclamation, will
designate as "Know Florida" week, says the Florida State
Chamber of Commerce. They are a few of the mass of
facts being assembled for distribution to schools, news-
papers and civic clubs for discussion during the period
which the Governor will urge the people to devote to
study of their own state.
The research department of the Chamber in collecting
information is not confining its efforts solely to the cull-
ing of facts from its files and its library, but is welcoming
contributions from every source within the state. It has
been advised, for example, that one of the prized posses-
sions of the Taylor County Chamber of Commerce, at
Perry, is a cypress plank 15 feet long and 40 inches in
width, taken from a tree in that county which squared
64 inches when cut. The tree was at least 2,500 years
old. One contributor has cited the fact that of the more
than 30,000 banks in the United States, Florida possesses
one which ranks among the first 100 in resources. An-
other calls attention to an artesian well with an enormous
flow of sulphur water in the Atlantic Ocean, several miles
off St. Augustine, which a vessel of the United States
Coast and Geodetic Survey is now trying to locate defi-
The State Chamber urges Floridians to send to its Jack-
sonville headquarters immediately Florida facts of every
character, whether unique or otherwise.


(Ft. Lauderdale Greetings)
Florida would be the beneficiary of five great national
automobile highways, connecting with nearly 100 others
touching every important center of the country, under a
comprehensive federal roadbuilding bill laid before the
lower house Tuesday by Congressman William P. Hola-
day, Republican, of Illinois.
A similar measure was presented to the house late in
the last session simply as a means of laying the proposal
before the country, and a strong effort will be made this
session to secure its favorable consideration. The Illinois
congressman sponsoring the measure is a member of the
roads committee to which the bill was referred.
One of the proposed routes would have its southern-
most terminus at Miami, starting at the East Coast line
of the United States near Eastport, Me., and passing
through Bangor, Augusta and Portland, Maine; Ports-
mouth, N. H.; Boston, Providence, New Haven, New York
City, Trenton, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Richmond, Norfolk, Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah

and Jacksonville. There would be an extension also to
Homestead, Fla.
Funds for the gigantic project, which is similar to a
national road-building proposal put forward during his
life by the late William Jennings Bryan, would be raised
by levying a tax of not less than $10 on motor vehicles
operated for hire and $3 on all other motor vehicles, to-
gether with a tax of not less than one-half of one cent
per gallon of gasoline.
The other proposed routes touching Florida are as
"Beginning at the straits of Macamac, near Cheboygan,
Michigan, and running in a southerly direction to a point
near Homestead, Florida, passing through or near Bay
City, Detroit, Toledo, Cincinnati, Frankfort, Atlanta,
Tallahassee and Tampa, thence to Miami and Home-
"Beginning at or near St. Petersburg, Florida, and run-
ning in an easterly direction to or near Eau Gallie, Fla.,
passing through Tampa."
"Beginning at the east coast line of the United States
at Jacksonville and running in a westerly direction to the
west coast line of the United States near San Diego, Cal.,
passing through Austin, El Paso, Tucson and San Diego."
"Beginning at or near Birmingham and running in a
southeasterly direction to Tallahassee, passing through or
near Montgomery, Ala."


(Lakeland Star-Telegram)
A very important happening occurred in Miami this
past week when, with a pressure of the finger, President
Calvin Coolidge in Washington set off the last blast of
dynamite which gave Miami a 25-foot depth of water
from the Atlantic ocean to the wharfs in Biscayne Bay.
Of course Miami was justified in making great fuss
over the event because it means additional prosperity
not only to the Magic City, but to all Florida.
Those who are familiar with the Miami of old and who
can visualize the mangrove swamps that covered the keys
and who recall the shallow water of Biscayne Bay, must
marvel at the new picture of great ocean vessels entering
the port without the least difficulty.
It is only six years ago that the first small freighter
entered Miami harbor from Baltimore. Since that time
there has been a continuous and consistent effort to
secure deeper water, with the result that today the largest
ships of the Clyde Line fleet are enabled to make Miami
the southern terminus of the New York to Florida
Naturally it will be only a matter of a short time until
Congress will see fit to provide Miami with a harbor 30
feet deep and then with five feet more, the Magic City
will be able to accommodate ocean liners of the first mag-
nitude and be in reality a world port.
Backing up this magnificent program of harbor de-
velopment ought to be a definite plan of state activity in
the development of the rich back-country, particularly
the Everglades region, for it will be necessary if the new
port is to be utilized as it ought to be, to provide freight
and passengers for the steamship lines operating into
and out of Miami harbor.
This is therefore a matter in which Florida as a state
should be interested. The new shipping facilities, if
taken advantage of, will provide an outlet for a goodly
portion of Florida's agricultural and industrial produc-



Thousands of Dollars of Interest Saved on Re-
funding Issue, Which Sets Record

(Lake Worth Leader)
Fort Myers.-Showing a return of unlimited confidence
in the City of Fort Myers, the city commission sold a
$236,000 issue of 5.5 per cent refunding bonds for
102.01, the highest price ever paid for any bonds of this
city and a top price for the entire state for the past two
Topping six bond companies after 30 minutes of
spirited open bidding, the Florida Municipal, Inc., of
Jacksonville, paid 2.01 above par for the entire issue and
also agreed to pay for the expense of printing the bonds,
the approving opinion and accrued interest since Dec. 1.
The bid of 102.01 made by R. S. Green, representing
the Florida Municipal, represents a premium of over
$5,500.00 to the city and shows that bond houses want
Florida issues and are willing to pay record prices for
the same.
By this sale the city not only got top prices for their
refunding bonds but they saved thousands of dollars in
interest by placing themselves in a position to pay off a
considerable portion of the city's debt. Time warrants
issued for loans to the city, the mortgage on the golf
course and delinquent paving assessment loans will be
wiped off the books.
The city clerk pointed out that the city's taxes were
26 per cent paid up after only a month's collection.


Many Historic Places Can Be Seen by Tourists

(Tampa Tribune)
Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 17.-The Dixie Highway is
taking northerners along a double route to the south.
Thousands of motorists have already passed through
here on their way to Florida and the Gulf Coast, to be
out of the reach of snow and sleet. Many more thou-
sands are expected to come down this way, along this
most frequented north and south highway in the United
Every cross-country highway crosses the Dixie in at
least two spots, for the Dixie Highway is a two-fold
course that stretches from the Sault Ste. Marie at the
far north of Michigan to the most southerly point of
Almost from the very top the road branches out. One
part of it goes down the eastern shore of Michigan, the
other goes down the state's western shore. From the
western shore route a line branches in toward Grand
Rapids and goes on down to South Bend and Indianapolis.
East Road Is Shorter
The eastern route takes its course through Detroit and
Toledo down to Cincinnati and Lexington, Ky. There is
a short cut from here past the resort sections of North
Carolina, through Asheville and on down to Augusta and
Savannah, Ga. From here the route strikes Jacksonville
at Florida's northeastern corner and follows the coast line
down to Miami.
This is the shorter of the two routes. But the westerly
drive compensates the motorist with a wonderful variety
of historic and scenic spots. Besides, it is the route to

take if the southerly trip is planned for any of the gulf
resort towns or for the west coast of Florida.
This course goes down from South Bend, past Indian-
apolis to Louisville, Ky., and on to Nashville and Chatta-
nooga, Tenn. From Chattanooga a cut may be made
across the state to Knoxville, to proceed farther along the
eastern Dixie Highway. This cut is remarkable for its
array of everchanging landscapes.
If the cross-cut isn't made, the route may be followed
farther south to Atlanta, metropolis of the south, on down
to Macon and straight south to Lake City, Fla. Another
route from Macon, a little to the southwest, directs the
tourist to Tallahassee, where he may take the Old Spanish
Trail along the Gulf Coast to New Orleans.
From Lake City the motorist may cut diagonally across
Florida to the eastern shore, or may go straight south
to Tampa and St. Petersburg, on the west coast. The
route extends farther south to Fort Myers, where the
Tamiami Trail takes up the journey and may lead the
motorist back across the Everglades to Miami.
The roads along both sides of the Dixie Highway are
said to be in good condition throughout. Georgia was
noted a few years ago for its muddy, sticky roads; today
it has paved long stretches and graveled the rest of the
main highway.
Kentucky and Tennessee, too, have improved their
parts of the Dixie Highway, so as to make the entire
cross-country route fast and pleasant.


(Tampa Times)
One striking fact that came out of a recent dinner hon-
oring 15 master farmers in Kansas was that all 15 of
them reported that they had no difficulty inducing their
children to remain on the farm. That is quite out of line
with the oft-repeated wail that all the young folks are
these days leaving the farms. One of these master farm-
ers has 11 children, while the average for the 15 was five.
Some of these men sent all of their children to the agri-
cultural college, and all of them sent some.
There, probably, is the chief reason why such a report
of young folks staying upon the farm could be made-
they had learned about farming after a fashion that made
it attractive. Another part of the secret no doubt is that
these master farmers have managed to make farming pay,
most of the time.
All of that makes one think of what advantages there
are to farming in Florida. There is probably not in all
the world a place where a combination of intelligent farm-
ing efforts with soil and climate means so much profit as
in Florida.


(Dunedin Times)
The Bureau of Agricultural Economics, United States
Department of Agriculture, has compiled statistics re-
garding the average value of farm real estate per acre in
the principal agricultural states for the years 1922 and
1926. Of the twenty-nine states listed, twenty show a
decrease in farm values, one state shows no change, seven
show an increase of from one per cent to 15 per cent and
Florida shows an increase of 50.5 per cent. Florida land
values have increased far beyond all others because of the
immense profits reaped from them and the growing de-
mand upon the part of settlers who are abandoning farms
in other sections of the country to enjoy the financial in-
dependence, comfort and health they find in Florida.



Thirty Cars of Truck Sent to Market, Bringing
Total to 194 Carloads

(Ft. Myers News)
Shipments of tomatoes and eggplant at high prices yes-
terday held the interest of Lee county farmers, who
shipped 30 carloads of truck during the past week, net-
ting the growers about $21,000. The shipments brought
the season's total to 194 carloads, with receipts from fall
crops estimated at $151,000.
Tomatoes continued to bring farmers more than $3.00
a crate for the third consecutive week. Six carloads of
tomatoes alone were sold for about $9,000. Two solid
carloads of eggplant were reported at $2.40 a crate, and
approximately a third carload was shipped in small lots
at the same price.
The fall crop of cucumbers was virtually exhausted
during the week, with only one car reported. Cucumber
prices remained well over $3.00 a crate. Peppers were
again sold under $1.00 a crate, with little hope for higher
prices. Farmers and packing house operators attributed
the low figures to keen competition from other southern
growers. Beans were quoted at about $1.00 a crate.
The sale of 33 carloads of citrus fruit swelled the
county growers' receipts an additional $20,000. Packing
house operators, however, held to their original esitmate
of a 25 per cent normal citrus crop.


Seven Other Countries and Seven American
Ports Represented in Week

(Miami Herald)
Steamers with home ports or regular ports of call in
seven foreign countries, in addition to vessels from seven
American ports, visited the Miami harbor last week. Ton-
nage of the vessels included heavy cargoes of freight both
to and from Miami.
The earliest foreign arrival of the week was the German
freighter August Leonhardt, the home port of which is
in Hamburg, Germany, with freight from Oslo, Norway.
The tanker Silverbrook, which has her home port in Lon-
don, put in here from Jacksonville on her way to Port
Arthur, Texas. Steamers touching Cuba showed ports of
call there as Havana and Baracoa. Nassau arrivals and
departures were frequent throughout the week. One
freighter arrived with fuel oil from Tampico, Mexico.
Miami shippers commented on the unusually heavy
quantity of Florida agricultural products which were car-
ried north aboard American steamers. Shipping officials
report that about 20,000 crates of tomatoes and other
agricultural products were carried to Jacksonville,
Charleston, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York. They
predict that more foodstuffs will be shipped out of Miami
this year than during any previous year. At this date in
1926, practically no shipments had been sent north, due
to the late maturing of crops.
Officials say that the shipments of tomatoes and similar
vegetables will be augmented heavily within the next few
weeks by shipments of grapefruit and other citrus pro-
Practically every coastwise shipping organization has
improved its service to and from Miami this year. Free
truckage service is being offered south Florida farmers
by the Merchants and Miners Transportation Company,

the Clyde Line and the Baltimore and Carolina Steam-
ship Company for agricultural products. Charges for this
under the present arrangement are made at the point of
destination. The Baltimore and Carolina Steamship Com-
pany has rearranged its freight schedule to permit ship-
ments out of Miami every Saturday. The Merchants and
Miners Transportation Company has a passenger and
freight steamer to Jacksonville and Baltimore every Sun-
day, with arrivals here every Saturday, in addition to
Tuesday arrivals.
New steamers of the Clyde line, including the Iroquois
and Shawnee, carry large refrigerated sections in which
hundreds of crates of perishable freight may be stored on
the way north. A record for dock to dock service be-
tween Miami and New York was established this week
by the Iroquois, which went from Pier 2, Municipal
docks, in Miami, to Pier 45, North River, in New York,
in 49 hours and 25 minutes.
Although the freight vessels plying between Miami and
Nassau are for the most part small, their service is never-
theless of interest. Hundreds of crates of tomatoes are
already arriving from the English island aboard the small
craft and are being transferred to the large coastwise
steamers for transportation north.


William A. Pfeifer Says They Are Sold by the
Pound in Many Places

(Miami Herald)
"In nearly every country abroad, and in some sections
of our own country, eggs are sold by weight," says Wil-
liam A. Pfeifer, manager of George Ehlenberger & Com-
pany, 2160 N. W. First avenue, exclusive distributors of
"Floridale" eggs, sold in cartons marked with the trade
name. The policy of the company, Mr. Pfeifer said, is
to maintain a uniform weight, and to encourage and
stimulate home production for local consumption by
handling principally eggs produced on Florida farms
which are equipped with every modern facility for the
production of high quality eggs.
According to Mr. Pfeifer, lock nests, spotlessly clean
hen houses and scientific feeding are among the features
employed to insure the highest quality in the eggs pro-
duced. In addition to these safeguards every egg is sub-
jected to a rigid inspection by trained experts in order
that it may be perfect for table purposes. All eggs should
be candled, as it is possible for an egg to be strictly fresh,
yet be objectionable, when laid by weak-bodied hens. It
takes long experience for an egg chandler to become skilled
and only large distributing houses with a large turnover
can afford to employ candlers regularly, Mr. Pfeifer
points out.
To sell eggs by weight it is not necessary to weigh
every dozen separately, according to Mr. Pfeifer, as eggs
can be sized and graded in such a manner that the cor-
responding weight of the different sizes can be told.
Many bakers buy their eggs by the pound or measure,
and not by the dozen. "Why should a dozen small eggs
laid by pullets and weighing only 18 ounces sell for the
same price as eggs laid by a grown hen fed scientifically
and weighing 24 ounces to the dozen?" Mr. Pfeifer asks.
According to Mr. Pfeifer, "fresh eggs of equal size
should weigh more than eggs that have been in cold
storage for perhaps six months, because the storage
causes air spaces to form at the top of the egg, and the
white becomes watery. This shrinkage is lost weight,
therefore a fresh egg is the most economical to buy."



Rosin First in Order of Value-Southern Pine
Lumber Second

(Jacksonville Journal)
Washington, Dec. 19.-(A. P.)-Exports of merchan-
dise from Florida during the second quarter of 1927 were
valued at $7,953,154, compared with $7,078,678 during
the corresponding period of 1926, or an increase of
$874,476, figures made public by the U. S. Department
of Commerce show.
Rosin valued at $2,016,822 was first in order of value
among the commodities sent from the state to foreign
markets during the three-month period. Southern pine
lumber exports were valued at $1,581,994, followed in
order by phosphate rock, $1,336,318; turpentine, $772,-
485; grapefruit, $267,236; sawed timber, $256,529; veg-
etables and preparations, $226,666; machinery and
vehicles, $163,369, and metals and manufactures of
Hogs, fish products, animals and edible and inedible
animal products, oranges, and other fresh fruit, rubber
and manufactures of rubber, raw cotton, logs and hewn
timber, wood manufactures and refined petroleum pro-
ducts were included among the commodities exported
from the state during the three months.
Florida stood twenty-ninth among the states in the
value of the exports during the second quarter of the
current year. The exportations from the whole of the
United States for that period were valued at $1,135,-
803,219, compared with $1,056,004,430 for the corres-
ponding period of 1926, an increase of $79,798,789.


More Than Double Number of Fowls Exhibited
Than Expected-To Repeat

(Lake Worth Leader)
Orlando.-With the closing of the first Southern Na-
tional Poultry Show here last week came the announce-
ment from Karl Lehmann, secretary of the show, that the
event would again be held early in December, 1928, and
that steps would be taken to make it an annual exhibi-
tion. The show was generally acclaimed to be the greatest
event of its kind ever staged in the South.
Expecting a total of about 1,200 birds, the final check-
up revealed that over 2,500 birds had been brought for
exhibition from 14 different states, extending as far west
as Arizona, north as far as New York, and northwest as
far as Wisconsin and Nebraska. Altogether ninety-five
exhibitors entered birds in the prize competitions, the
largest single exhibitor being F. J. Gormcan, of Apopka,
who had 312 birds of all varieties on display, the smallest
entry being received from I. J. Houck, of Hanover, Pa.,
who exhibited a single red-crested bantam.
Outstanding in importance, so far as the poultry in-
dustry of Florida is concerned, were the results of the
prize competitions. Although hundreds of birds were
entered from outside states, seven of the nirie champion
birds of the show were entered by Floridians, and three
of the five first prizes went to Florida birds.
The best pullet was also adjudged the champion bird
of the show, being a white Plymouth Rock entered by
Frank H. Davey, of Middletown, N. Y. Mrs. T. U. Butts,
of Columbus, Ga., won first award for the best hen with
a Rhode Island Red.

In holding the show again in 1928, Mr. Lehmann stated
that practically the same group of officials had consented
to stage the event. Earl W. Brown, mayor of DeLand,
who served as president of the show, has again accepted
the presidency for next year. D. W. Otte, mayor of
Peekskill, N. Y., who was superintendent, agreed to re-
turn in 1928. Mr. Otte has managed the Madison Square
Garden Poultry Show in New York City for the last
twenty-five years and is recognized as the leading poultry
show manager in the country. Local officials considered
it a distinct triumph to have secured his consent to man-
age the event next year. Karl Lehmann was re-elected
The Board of Orange County Commissioners, under
whose auspices the show was held, heartily endorsed the
plan for making the exhibition an annual event. Mem-
bers of the board felt that a definite contribution had
been made to the poultry industry of Florida and that
the march of progress should be maintained.


Management Planning Expenditure of About

(Tampa Times)
Incorporation of the Tampa Floral Company has been
completed and plans made for an expansion program to
involve an expenditure of approximately $100,000, it was
announced today by A. C. Luther, president.
The company has acquired more than nine acres of
land on Swann avenue between Lisbon and Howard, on
the north side of Swann.
An office and display room are under construction at
this time. Improvements proposed provide for construc-
tion of two all-steel glass houses, 40 by 300 feet, and in-
stallation of an overhead irrigation system. The glass
houses alone will represent an investment of $35,000,
officials said, and $50,000 is represented in the existing
plant and the company's real estate holdings.
It is expected that the entire project will be completed
by May 1.
The company will do an exclusive wholesale business.
Research made by officials indicates that during last year
cut flowers to the extent of a million dollars were brought
into the state. It also is expected to develop a large
volume of export business, especially during the winter
Mr. Luther is president, J. E. Burk is secretary and
treasurer, and E. G. Foster is superintendent.


(Special to Times-Union)
Melbourne, Dec. 12.-The two thousand acres under
cultivation in the Melbourne farms district will show a
splendid yield this season. All crops are coming along
in fine condition. The largest acreage is planted to pep-
pers, Irish potatoes, beans, cukes, egg plant, tomatoes,
while other favorite varieties are pretty generally being
farmed. Sixty-two farms, in size from ten acres up, are
being cultivated, twenty-four of which are occupied and
worked by their owners. The other thirty-eight are
farmed for owners who live in Melbourne and other
points. Twelve hundred acres are now in well developed
orange and grapefruit groves, of five to 240 acres each.
A school is now maintained for children up to the sixth
grade. Older children are carried by bus to Melbourne.





Senator Here From Wisconsin Gives Opinion on
Needs of State

(Jacksonville Journal)
By telling its message to the world in an energetic,
comprehensive campaign of advertising, Florida will con-
tinue to develop its vast resources and will attract many
more thousands of tourists and investors annually, in the
opinion of C. C. Rogers, state senator from Wisconsin, a
guest at the Windsor hotel.
Senator Rogers, who resides in Milwaukee, is not visit-
ing Florida for the first time. He comes here annually
and spends the winter at the Windsor hotel. He is ac-
companied by Mrs. Rogers.
"Florida has numerous friends in Wisconsin, many of
whom have invested heavily in the state," Senator Rogers
said today. "They know that Florida is all right and that
she is destined to be one of the greatest empires of North
America. But there are others who have heard false re-
ports about the state and who are content to believe most
of what they hear. Florida should take immediate steps
to combat this situation through an energetic and com-
prehensive advertising campaign.
"Let the state tell the world in louder tones what it has
to offer the tourist and the investor. What the state is
doing in this direction is very good and is having its effect,
but my plea is for everybody to bear down harder, and
then nobody will worry about results."
Florida, Senator Rogers said, should endeavor to in-
terest Wisconsin farmers, for instance, in its agricul-
tural possibilities. Many farmers of that state, he says,
desire to move away from the heavy winters of the North
and settle in a more pleasant place.
"The agricultural potentialities of Florida have barely
been touched," he said.


Florida Fruit Canners Inc. to Give Employment
to Large Number Until June-Want
Early Bloom Grapefruit

(Highland County News)
Monday morning started the operation of another in-
dustry for Frostproof, when the canning plant of the
Florida Fruit Canners Inc. started its process of canning
grapefruit. After testing their delicate and complicated
machinery for several days, 72 cases of grapefruit were
canned Monday, and the large plant has been in operation
every day since.
Employing a force of between 80 and 90 people, this
new plant will not only give employment to a large num-
ber of workmen for seven or eight months in the year,
but will consume a large quantity of grapefruit, much of
which has heretofore gone to the dump pile or rotted in
the groves for the lack of an outlet, for this plant will
not only use the sound cull and off-size grapefruit fur-
nished it by the various packing houses, but will use any
amount of sound dropped grapefruit brought to it by
growers. Money received from this plant for drop fruit
will be a source of income for the grower who gives it
his attention, that heretofore has not been open to him,
and will furnish an outlet for every sound grapefruit
In starting their plant the Florida Fruit Canners Inc.
have notified the growers of this section that they are
ready to use their sound grapefruit of sizes not smaller

than eighties of the early bloom varieties, and that the
June bloom fruit will be used later in the spring after it
has reached a higher degree of maturity. Paul Stanton,
head of the new canning plant, states that he is in hopes
the growers of this section realize the opportunity this
plant offers them to dispose of their cull and drop fruit
that is sound, and that they make preparations to take
proper care of their drop fruit. They are paying the
current prices for fruit delivered to their plant and will
buy the fruit from any grower who will bring it to them.
This plant will be in operation here throughout the
years to come and will give employment to increasing
numbers of workmen and be a continual source of income
to the growers. The plant this season will operate until
June or July, governed by the fruit crop, and will start
operations every year in December, or earlier if the fruit
matures earlier.
Early in January, Mr. Stanton states, he will have an
official opening day, when the public will be invited to
visit his new plant and see the operation of canning
grapefruit, and also stated that visitors were welcomed
to the plant at any time. Frostproof has been endeavor-
ing to get a canning plant of this kind established here
for a number of years and will co-operate in every way
with Mr. Stanton and his organization. The News ex-
presses the wishes of this entire community when it wel-
comes this new industry here, and in wishing for it con-
tinuous success.


(Daytona Beach News Journal)
Edward F. Hall, Holly Hill, former poultry raiser and
originator of "Hall's Red Buffs" line of chicken cham-
pions, in Erie, Pa., now a resident of Holly Hill, is bring-
ing to this section a huge baby chick hatching industry
for state-wide and national markets.
Mr. Hall recently purchased a Smith incubator and
equipment, the type which has a capacity of 47,000 eggs,
and is contemplating the purchase of a second one. He
also purchased a lot in Holly Hill, upon which he will
erect the necessary buildings and runways. Actual con-
struction of the buildings starts today, and he is expecting
to have production under way by the middle of January,
or the first of February.
The incubator purchased by Mr. Hall is the same as
one shown at Orlando during the recent Southern
National Poultry show there. Mr. Hall, who has been
a resident of this section for the past three years, was
made several offers to locate in or near Orlando, but
decided to locate in Daytona Beach. He is a life mem-
ber of the American Poultry Association, and an expert
on the raising of Buff and Rock poultry.
The incubator, which occupies a floor space of ten by
thirteen feet, is equipped with heating and cooling sys-
tems, has a capacity of 47,000 eggs, and has 15 prominent
features, including steam-circulation, centilating and
safety devices.
Mr. Hall will raise and sell chicks produced from culled
and accredited flocks, for national distribution. When
the building is completed and the first incubator in
operation, he intends to invite everyone interested in
poultry raising to visit the farm. He predicts that he will
be installing a second incubator and building before the
present season is completed.
Mr. Hall spent many years in breeding "Hall's Red
Buffs" in Pennsylvania before coming to Florida, and
has a reputation as being an expert poultry raiser.





Expert Tells of Developments in State of

(Hollywood News)
New type of grape introduced into Florida about seven
years ago is proving highly adapted to culture here and
is yielding most profitable crops, E. E. Truskell, of Mount
Dora, told the Florida realtors in their convention here
last week.
Mr. Truskell told of the prospects for successful grape
growing in Florida, basing his reports on actual results
already obtained. "Grapes," he said, "produce an aver-
age of four tons to the acre in Florida, and sell for $165
a ton, or about $2,000 to $2,500 a carload.
"California last year shipped an average of 1,700 car-
loads of grapes a day during its season. The Florida
season is earlier, the grapes ripening here in May and
June, and puts them on the market at a time when no
other grapes are on the market."
The grape variety which is now being successfully
grown in Florida, Mr. Truskell concluded, is adapted to
any soil which will grow citrus fruit. It is easily culti-
vated and readily marketed, he said.


Clyde Liner Iroquois Makes Delivery 49 Hours
After Sailing From Miami

(Everglades News)
Five thousand packages of vegetables, consisting for
the most part of hampers of beans from the Belle Glade
district, with tomatoes from the section south of Miami,
loaded on the Clyde Steamship Company's SS. Iroquois
at Miami Wednesday, arrived in New York the following
Friday morning. The beans from Belle Glade were de-
livered in New York at a total cost of 35 cents a hamper,
of which 20 cents was the charge for trucking from that
place to the dock in Miami and 15 cents for transporta-
tion on the steamer Iroquois from Miami to New York.
The all-rail rate to New York is $1.06 a hamper.
The New York office of the Clyde Steamship Company
made the following report on the shipment to R. I. Ver-
voort, acting general agent, at Miami:
"Iroquois arrived on schedule in 49 hours. Vegetables
outturned perfect condition. Eighty per cent taken de-
livery of last night, balance this morning. Not a com-
plaint of any character. Consignees expressed satisfac-
tion in most favorable terms both as to condition of ship-
ments and service given."
Mr. Vervoort writes to The Everglades News:
"Our rates on beans dock to dock, Miami to New York,
is 50 cents per 100 pounds. This rate covers any quan-
tity and no extra charge is made for refrigeration when
"Beans are not carried under ice, but in electrically
refrigerated compartments. These shipments are ac-
cepted at any hour during the night preceding sailing
date and up until one hour of sailing time. The Clyde
Steamship Company stands ready to do everything possi-
ble in order to provide speedy service for the movement
of perishables from the Miami district at a most attrac-
tive low rate."
L. G. Lewis, of Miami, commercial agent of the steam-
ship company, called on The Everglades News Monday.

He pointed out that the rate of 50 cents per 100 pounds
was half a cent a pound, and as a hamper of beans weighs
30 pounds, the rate is therefore 15 cents a hamper. The
steamship company does not undertake to move the
hampers from the producing district to the dock in
Miami-that is done by the grower or other shipper on
his own trucks or such trucks as may be employed.
The SS. Iroquois is equipped with both refrigeration
and forced ventilation, as also is the steamer Shawnee.
The Shawnee will make its first sailing from Miami Mon-
day, January 9. The steamship company's steamers
Seminole, Algonquin, Mohawk and Cherokee are equipped
with forced ventilation only. Ventilation is sufficient for
Sailings of Clyde Steamship Company steamers from
Miami for the ensuing week are:
Iroquois, Tuesday, December 13; Mohawk, Thursday,
December 15; Iroquois, Tuesday, December 20.


(Miami Herald)
Three ships left Miami harbor in one day this week,
one carrying 1,000 crates of refrigerated tomatoes and
the other 825 crates of the same vegetable in addition to
other heavy freight, and the third an equally big load. It
is significant of what some day will make of the Miami
harbor a source of great revenue.
Just now, Miami, through its Homestead area, has a
rich crop of tomatoes to ship out. Later in the season
we may have a few shipments of vegetables, but in the
main the big vessels come in here loaded and go out under
ballast, and that is for no good to this part of the state.
Those tomato shipments were news because they were
unusual. Some day soon they will cease to be news, as
will countless boatloads of other commodities, winter
potatoes, peanuts, sugar, citrus fruit, stock feed, and
possibly even meat and dairy products.
Miami must make ready for that day by clearing out
the Miami river of the accumulated rubbish of house-
boats, and must push on toward a 35-foot depth in her
ship channel. That is her part in the great prosperity
chorus which is rising to an even higher and more mag-
nificent note all the while.


(Holmes County Advertiser)
The syrup crop is another of our agreeable crop sur-
prises this year. With unprecedented drouth the crops
showed even late up in the season most unsatisfactory
growth. But even light rains made a wonderful improve-
ment in the crop, and in many parts of the county where
rain was a little more abundant the yield was fine. In
every case the quality is much above the yield.
A typical case is that of Mr. Amos Laird, one of Holmes
county's most progressive and enterprising farmers. After
working up his own crop on his own mill, amounting to
400 gallons, he made for neighbors about 1,500 gallons
so far in the season. While the price is not high, it will
range above fifty cents for syrup of good quality. Even
this very moderate price insures an income of many thou-
sand dollars to our farmers from the syrup crop, not to
speak of the abundant supply of toothsome and whole-
some food it will provide in every well-managed farm



Seaboard Reports Earliest Movement of
Vegetables in History

(Polk County Record)
That there has been an increased interest in farming,
in this section of Florida, was brought out at the meeting
of the Bartow Traffic Club, in the council chamber last
night, when it was set forth, from official records, that
during the months of October and November of this year,
the Seaboard, South Florida division, hauled 128 car loads
of fresh vegetables-the first time in the history of the
road that any fresh vegetables were hauled before the
month of January.
During the same months, according to the same report,
there were hauled a total of 967 car loads of perishables,
including citrus fruits and vegetables, as against 706 cars
hauled during the corresponding months of 1926, an in-
crease of 261 cars. This year's shipments of perishables
were divided as follows:
Grapefruit ........................................ 525
O ran g es ............... .... ........... ...... ... ... 2 14
T an gerin es ..................... ................ ... 4
M ixed Fruits ..... ................................ 96
M ixed V vegetables ................................ 64
Peppers ............ ............................ 38
T om atoes .......................... ................... 4
C u cum b ers ............ ............................. 9
B ea n s ........................... ... ....... .... 1 3
It was also developed at the meeting that the freight
business done by the South Florida division of the Sea-
board exceeded that of last year, another indication, in
the judgment of the officials of the Seaboard, that Flor-
ida is still going forward and that there is no reason for
any cry of depression or hard times.


Chicago Buyer Puts in Strong Plea for Express
Refrigeration-Freight Too Slow

Product Suffers by Present Method of Getting
It to Market

(Lakeland Ledger)
Extension of the strawberry season in Florida from
one to four weeks, with consequent profits to growers,
would follow the inauguration of express refrigeration
cars to this territory, E. L. Morrison, Benton, Mich.,
buyer for the American Fruit Growers, Chicago, told the
interstate commerce committee's investigators here today.
The second day of the hearing left several witnesses
for growers and buyers to be heard. All of the railroad
and express representatives are yet to testify, and it is
not known when the hearing will end. Wm. P. Bartel is
special representative of the interstate commerce com-
mission, and E. S. Matthews and Theo. T. Turnbull, com-
missioner and counsel, are doing the questioning for the
Florida Railroad Commission.
Mr. Morrison said that he and other buyers would re-
main in Florida longer each spring if the express refrig-
eration service was furnished. Florida berries, he said,
have better color and are more desirable than those from
Louisiana at the first of the season. His company, which
supplies markets out from Chicago, would use this service,
Mr. Morrison said.

The effect of the express refrigeration service would
be to make "Florida growers some real money" at a time
when their season is forced to end under the present sys-
tem of freight service.
J. M. Moore, Lawtey, Fla., gave figures on the move-
ments of berries through that place and urged the im-
portance of more adequate transportation.
John W. Gallagher, secretary-treasurer of the Dover
Growers' Association, which shipped 70 carloads last
season, said that the difference in time arrival in Boston,
the market for his association, often meant smaller prices
to the producers. By freight it takes about six days,
whereas express would not require more than four days
to put the berries on the market in better shape.
The pony express refrigeration service costs 16 z cents
a quart from Dover to Boston, he said.
Chester Franzell of the Franzell Company, Pittsburgh,
who followed Commissioner Matthews on the stana yes-
terday afternoon, told the examiner that express ship-
ments would produce better markets for Florida berries.


(Pensacola Journal)
An expansion program entailing the expenditure of
$50,000 will be carried out this fall by the Pensacola
Dairy Company, it was stated yesterday by Bennie and
Nathan Bear, owners of the firm.
The company intends to enlarge its cold storage and
creamery facilities at the new and modern Pensacola
plant, to establish cream stations at various points
throughout Escambia county and to expand cold storage
facilities at the Robertsdale, Ala., plant.
The dairy company is now handling 500 gallons of milk
daily and about two tons of butter weekly. Manufacture
and sale of ice cream, added to the business about a year
ago, have increased steadily until today 300 gallons daily
are being sold, it was stated.
Pensacola and Mobile are the principal markets for
products of the company.
The creamery will be able to handle an unlimited quan-
tity of cream from farmers of Baldwin county and West
Florida, the operators stated. For this reason cream
stations are to be established in Escambia county. The
company pays 43 cents per pound for butter fat or sweet
cream and 40 cents for sour cream.


(Special to Times-Union)
Sarasota, Dec. 18.-Celery equal to and by many be-
lieved to surpass the best grade of the California product
is now being shipped from Sarasota county to the mar-
kets in the North in time for the Christmas dinners of
the nation. The shipments being made this week mark
the first time in history that Florida celery has been pro-
duced in time, in quality and of such a grade as to com-
pete successfully with California celery. Shipments are
now moving north from the Palmer Farms, four cars hav-
ing been already shipped.
At the present time California has had a monopoly on
the Christmas celery. While it has been possible to pro-
duce celery in Florida for early winter, it has had short
stalks and could not be sold in competition with the Cali-
fornia product. It was asserted yesterday that Palmer
Farms within a short time would have a celery on the
market in time for Thanksgiving and continuing on
through the Christmas holiday.





Electrical Improvements Considered Priceless
Advantage in All Rural Communities

(Ocala Star)
Pensacola, Dec. 20.-Plans of the Gulf Power Com-
pany to "cover like the dew" every section of Escambia
county, and to reach out even beyond the boundaries of
this county and into adjoining counties and states, look
good, says the Pensacola News in a recent article. Things
are going to take on added beauty and progress once the
electric lights and sources of electric power are available
on the country place, and especially on the large farms
which are scattered about in such profusion throughout
this section. It is announced that "feeder" wires are to
radiate out in all directions, and in due time will be able
to serve homes and plants and plantations for a radius of
many miles.
It is claimed that one of the reasons given for the back-
wardness of a rural school personnel is the poor light
which is in use to read and with which to study. The
eyes of the pupil are priceless gifts and if the boy or girl
even has the remotest suspicion that his aching eyes are
caused by unsatisfactory light, studies will not be popu-
lar. With the installation of electric lights in the homes
and the schools, rapid advance in the school work will
The possibilities of electrical energy on the farm are
unlimited. It has been declared that a great deal of raw
product goes to the domestic animals which otherwise
could be manufactured into food stuffs. For instance
there are thousands of pounds of sugar cane raised with-
out trouble which are fed to the hogs, whereas if the farm
was equipped with an electrically driven sugar mill the
raising of sugar cane would be a source of profit. The
power interests in Escambia county will soon make cur-
rent available to even the most remote sections.


(Polk County Record)
The first carload of cabbage from the big acreage of
irrigated fields surrounding Bartow is being sent north
today by S. P. James, one of the leading truck growers
of this section.
The shipment today is inaugurating the season's move-
ment which is expected to reach several hundred cars be-
fore its climax in the early spring. Something over 300
acres are set to cabbage in the irrigated district and
quality is said to be unusually high this year in marked
contrast to the quality of goods in other non-irrigated
sections. The early movement will approximate three or
four cars a week, it is estimated, rapidly gathering force
after the holidays. The market is in a very satisfactory
condition at the present time according to the growers.
In addition to the acreage of cabbage in this section a
considerable area has been set to lettuce which will come
into market later in the season.
In the early spring, particularly where the growers
have been able to move their cabbage to market early,
it is expected that a considerable acreage will be set to
peppers, tomatoes, and other tender truck crops.
Annual receipts to local truck growers annually average
close to a half million dollars and are an important factor
in local business prosperity.


Florida Refrigeration Company Officials Are
Impressed on Visit Here

(Miami News)
Establishment of an office in Miami by the Florida
Electric Refrigeration Co., distributors for General Elec-
tric refrigerators in this state, was regarded as assured
Saturday, with the probability that the main office will
be transferred from St. Petersburg to Miami, following
conferences of General Electric and Florida Electric of-
ficials with the Florida Power & Light Co.
The first state convention of Florida Electric Refrigera-
tion representatives also probably will be held in Miami
next month, according to George S. Patterson, president.
Florida Power & Light Co. officials and employees were
guests of the refrigerator company officials Friday night
at the Columbus Hotel. P. B. Zimmerman, sales man-
ager of the General Electric Co., who was principal
speaker, asserted the Florida Power & Light Co. was
one of the first utilities to see the possibilities in this new
and fast growing industry, and that only through the help
of the utilities the General Electric was able to attain
the lead in the manufacture and sale of domestic re-
frigerators in less than a year.
The refrigerators were announced by General Electric
January 1, after 16 years of laboratory work in per-
fecting the machine. Out of more than 80 manufacturers
of electric refrigerators, Mr. Zimmerman said, the Gen-
eral Electric jumped into first place by September 1. He
called attention to the fact that there are 16,000,000
meter holders in the United States and said that surveys
indicate that 4,000,000 of these are potential purchasers
of electric refrigerators at the present time. The com-
pany regards Florida and southern California as its best
Florida Power & Light officials concurred in this view,
pointing to the fact that there are more electric ranges in
use in Florida, according to population, than in any other
Others who took part in the conferences were A. T.
Emmett, general manager of the Florida Electric Re-
frigeration Co.; William M. Timmerman, General Electric
engineering staff; L. W. Driscoll, Atlanta representative
of General Electric, and A. C. Mayer, also of the General
Electric Co.
The visiting officials will go from Miami to St. Peters-
burg and will visit the principal cities on the Atlantic
seaboard during their tour.


(New Smyrna News)
H. G. Hinson states that from 50 to 75 carloads of
escarole will probably be shipped from here in about ten
days. The Samsula farmers are raising a good amount of
that produce this year, and for the first time entire car-
loads of escarole are to be shipped from there. Last year
escarole was included in carloads of mixed vegetables but
no cars were entirely devoted to it.
Citrus shipments this year have been three times as
heavy as last year. In November, 1926, eight carloads
of citrus fruit were shipped from the Samsula groves
against 27 cars this year in November. The fruit this
year is far superior to that of last year, too, Mr. Hinson
adds. It is very juicy and sweet and better in every way.



Nearly 1,500 Quarts Shipped Out Yesterday
for Seasonal Trade-Price Average Is
$1.50 the Quart

(Plant City Enterprise)
Plant City sent 1,436 quarts of strawberries speeding
northward in refers last night by way of seasonal greeting
to the northland for the holiday market. And in sending
this greeting accepted something right around $2,000 in
payment for the trouble. The berries ranged in price
yesterday from $1.40 to $1.75 per quart, the average for
the day being calculated at approximately $1.50 per box.
Today, owing to a misunderstanding of some of the
growers, more berries were coming in and commanding
$1.40 per quart. It was understood yesterday that Mon-
day's shipment would be made in order to place the fruit
on the Christmas market.
Last Friday the largest movement of berries for the
season was experienced, when 1,596 quarts were for-
warded out of Plant City. They went in eight 80-quart,
nine 64-quart and twelve 32-quart refers. Saturday an
80-quart and a 64-quart refer were loaded here.
Berries were coming in rather slow this morning, al-
though it was expected that a number of refers would be
loaded during the day.
Fall produce is slowing up almost to standstill, although
some yellow squash and potatoes are still coming in.
English peas are expected to come in strong during the
next few weeks if the cold weather spares them. They
have not been hurt so far, it is said.
The citrus movement continued strong over the week-
end, 52 cars being loaded out of here during that period,
making a total of 108 cars loaded during the last week.
If strawberries escaped a bloom-killing frost during
the next couple of weeks the movement of berries is ex-
pected to show a marked improvement and to assume a
large volume. The last two rains have aided the situation
for the growers greatly.


Has Left Only One Bad Check for One Dollar

(Milton Tribune)
Ernest Amos, comptroller general of the State of
Florida, has handled nearly $89,000,000 in the eleven
years he has held office, but now he's "flat broke" of-
ficially. He so declares in a report of the activities of
his office, prepared and released for simultaneous pub-
lication in Florida newspapers.
Exceeds All Others
"The amount collected during my tenure of office,"
says Mr. Amos' statement, "is greater than that collected
by all of my predecessors."
The statement lists total collections of $88,970,295.73
during the 10 years and 11 months Mr. Amos has been
Comptroller. It was collected from the following sources,
and all collections paid into the state treasury:
Tax redemptions, $14,861,331.41; blue sky receipts,
$8,458.44; railroad and telegraph taxes, $16,532,289.63;
railroad and telegraph license taxes, $1,154,824.84; gas-
oline tax, $30,980,815.71; gasoline dealer's licenses,
$75,485.00; small loan companies, $1,500.00; motor
vehicle license taxes, $24,399,372.80; auto theft receipts,
$947,171.62; miscellaneous interest items, $9,046.28.

Total, $88,970,295.73. This money was paid out as
State and county depositories, $88,512,674.58; Secre-
tary of State, $258.50; for refunds, $288,757.31; State
Treasurer, interests on deposits, $74,655.50; Motor
Vehicle Commissioner, $12,243.37; State Treasurer for
individuals if applied for, $75,565.55; State Treasurer
for outstanding checks, $6,140.92. Total, $88,970,295.73.
With his report Mr. Amos issued a statement saying
in part: Collect All Checks
"In collecting this money, I have handled hundreds of
thousands of personal checks. Among these, as might
be expected, I received thousands of checks which were
not good on first presentation-usually termed 'bad
checks.' I finally collected all of these except one for one
"Within the past two years there has been a number
of bank closings and in due course of business there have
been many checks caught in them before being cleared.
I am glad to say that the claims now outstanding against
closed banks, bad checks, and sums involved in law suits
amounts to only $1,869.58, as follows:
Law suits ............................. .............. $ 17.50
B ad ch ecks ............................. ............. 1.00
Closed banks .. ................................. 1,851.08
"The last item is protected by a bond for $1,808.08.
'I might say further, I have paid into the treasury $75,-
565.55 that did not belong to the state nor any county,
but represents monies sent up to me by individuals who
did not complete their applications for motor vehicle
registrations and title certificates that is to go back to
the applicants upon proper application for same.' In
other words, I have turned into the state treasury that
sum of money over and above what was due to be paid
to the state and it was I who secured passage of the law
in 1921 which has enabled me to do this and have the
money in the treasury awaiting them when applied for.
My observation is that very little of this money will be
called for by those who are entitled to it, involving only
small sums for each, and practically all of it will revert
to the state. Also in many cases part or all may have
been due had the transaction been completed by the ap-
plicant. So no considerable amounts probably will ever
be called for.
"I have paid into the state treasury, as noted above,
$74,655.50 in interest on funds deposited while in my
custody pending distribution."

YEAR 1926

(St. Augustine Record)
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 31 (AP.)-Ravages of the
"white plague," better known as tuberculosis, during
1926, failed to make any headway in five Florida coun-
ties, and only nominally affected other sections of the
state, the latest report of the Bureau of Vital Statistics,
State Board of Health, shows.
The five counties where no deaths at all from tuber-
culosis were reported last year were Collier, Dixie, Gil-
christ, Hendry and Okeechobee.
The total deaths from the disease recorded for the
whole state was 1,187, and the rate per 10,000 popula-
tion was 86.9.
In Baker, Charlotte, Collier, Dixie, Flagler, Franklin,
Gilchrist, Glades, Hendry, Lafayette, Okeechobee and
Wakulla counties, there were deaths from tuberculosis re-
ported among the white race, and in Calhoun, Collier,
Dixie, Gilchrist, Hendry, Liberty, Okaloosa, and Okee-
chobee, there were no deaths of negroes from the malady.





Grade Finished and Number of Bridges Being

(DeLand News)
Miami, Dec. 28 (INS.)-Spanning South Florida on a
rock grade through the heart of the Everglades, the
Tamiami Trail, famous state highway loop, will be in con-
dition for traffic within 45 days, according to engineers
in charge of the project. They have made public the first
official leg of the trail between this city and Fort Myers.
Owing to the removal of temporary bridges on the
highway, travel at present west of Miami is impossible,
although the road is complete.
The engineers were unable to say whether general use
of the trail will be permitted before its official opening
by the state highway department. Engineers and road
builders said they were generally opposed to any use of
the highway until construction work is entirely finished.
That the grade between Carnestown, near Everglades,
and Miami is virtually completed, with its last gaps closed
by the joining of two construction gangs in Dade county,
39 miles west of this city, was made known for the first
time in the publication of the log. The log was prepared
by D. Graham Copeland, chief engineer of the construc-
tion force which built the trail south through Collier
The completion of the road through walls of hard lime-
stone and flint rock, through which the road builders
were forced to blast their way, marked the successful
solution of the major engineering problem involved in
the Tamiami trail's construction. The present work con-
sists of bridge building and application of the finishing
touches to the road's surface.
In issuing a warning against motorists using the trail
at the present time, previous to its formal opening, Cope-
land said that beginning 42 miles west of this city tem-
porary construction bridges have been removed from over
streams in order to make way for the construction of
permanent ones. As no detours are provided, the road
is impassable. The new road will make the mileage be-
tween this city and Fort Myers of the west coast 149.32


(Volusia County Farmer)
George Michael, of Samsula, brings a truck load of
vegetables into Daytona Beach three times a week. Mon-
day morning, as he was unloading at the Atlantic and
Pacific store on Orange avenue, we made an inventory of
his load, and here is what we saw, all of which was raised
on his twenty-acre farm at Samsula: Peppers, spinach,
turnips, mustard, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, onions,
lettuce, chickens and eggs.
There was no one article on the truck that would not
have taken a prize at any vegetable show. All fresh and
George told the writer that his net profit per acre is
from $800 to $1,000 per year. He has been truck farm-
ing here about four years. He knowns his onions.
There are thousands of acres in Volusia county just as
good as Mr. Michael's, and hundreds of men that could
be doing just as well. If we could get these hundred
farmers on these thousand acres, Daytona Beach would
not be bringing in a carload of out-of-state vegetables a
day and another carload of canned vegetables.


Florida Needs to Develop Dairying, Records

(Milton Tribune)
Tallahassee, Fla., Dec. 22.-Florida in 1926 produced
1,269,354 pounds of butter, or almost exactly one pound
per capital, according to statistics compiled by the Bureau
of Immigration, State Department of Agriculture.
The statistics were based upon reports of agricultural
enumerators gathered in all counties of the state.
The per capital estimate was worked out on the theory
that Florida's population was 1,263,549.
The 51,034 cows in Florida produced 22,938,107 gal-
lons of milk, or 445 gallons per dairy cow for the year,
or 18 gallons for the year for each man, woman and child
of the state, and 11/2 gallons per month per capital.
An estimate of the milk consumption in Florida could
not be made, but the average consumption in the United
States, it was stated, was 54.8 gallons per capital in 1925.
Florida is producing about 33 per cent of its own needs
of milk and about 3 per cent of its butter needs. The
state consumes about 48,000,000 pounds of butter a year,
it was explained.
The logical inference of the statistics, bureau officials
declared, is that the state needs to develop its producing
capacity sharply in butter, since only 3 per cent of its
needs is being now produced, and it is a question of
whether Florida is going to produce where outside dairy
production centers can be competed with.


(Orlando Reporter-Star)
Three outstanding facts prove that Florida should be
giving some attention to the raising of turkeys. First,
the plentifulness of wild turkeys proves that they can be
raised here. Secondly, the thousands that are shipped
in annually for consumption in this state proves that
there is a demand for them. And certainly the price they
bring proves that raising turkeys would be profitable here.
In these days, when there is overproduction in so many
lines of farm and grove products, it is most encouraging
to find at least one industry of the rural sections that is
nowhere near overdone as yet-the poultry industry. In
Florida, with such an immense winter demand for both
eggs and poultry for meat, poultry farming offers most
excellent inducements. In this, as in other pursuits, not
all who engage in it will make a success. But those who
go into it in earnest and intelligently will most likely
No one as yet is giving any serious attention to turkey
raising in Florida. To make a success of this, those who
embark in it must be careful in selection of locations,
stock and feed. Indeed, we must admit we have hardly
entered the experimental stage in the haphazard turkey
production we have had thus far. One of these days
some westerner or some Pennsylvania Dutchman will
come down here and make a fortune out of turkeys while
we are thinking about trying it. Florida will, one of
these sweet days, supply her own turkey market.

Florida has 30,000 lakes, from the second largest lake
fully within the confines of the United States, to lakes
an acre in extent-clear, springfed bodies of water teem-
ing with fish.

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