Special fair number: Florida...

Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00023
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00023
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Special fair number: Florida fairs
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Full Text
3 R3RA^
AY 9 1927

jloriba ebie ENT

Vol. 1 May 2, 1927 No. 23

Special Fair Number


By Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture

E HAVE given over this number of THE
REVIEW to accounts of Florida Fairs
held within the past season. Matter was
not available covering each of these
fairs and we have relied upon such press
accounts as we could obtain. We believe the news
stories carried will be well worth the reading.
Interest in Fairs, both county and state, was
greater in the last year than ever before in Florida's
history. In point of number held, in attendance and
in exhibits, our fairs were bigger and better this
last season than they have ever been heretofore. In
evidence, we need only cite the records of the two
principal fairs-the State Fair at Jacksonville and
the South Florida Fair at Tampa. Not only was
the aggregate attendance at these fairs greater than
it had ever been but the exhibits were larger, more
complete and more representative of the state's re-
sources. County and individual exhibits also were
notable in number and quality.
Florida's County Fairs have been unusually suc-
cessful. Twenty-five or more we're held. The good
work is spreading; it will not be many years until
each one of our 67 counties will support a fair of
its own.

-~ ~J~I -~ ~

2 Florida Review


The Madison County Fair opened Tuesday morning at
10 o'clock with everything in place and is now operating
in full swing. Perfect weather so far has prevailed, other
than its being a little cool.
There are all kinds of farm products on display, proving
that Madison is one of the most versatile counties in the
world as far as crops are concerned. In the farm and
home exhibits are to be found almost everything imagin-
able, cotton, corn, tobacco, oats, rye, peanuts, all kinds
of peas, all kinds of beans, peavine hay, beggarweed hay,
lespedeza hay, other kinds of hay, various grasses, sugar
cane and syrup, honey, milk and other dairy products,
watermelons, rice, chufas, goobers, okra, tomatoes, hams,
bacon, meal, oranges, kumquats, pecans, pomegranates,
turpentine and rosin, millet, sorghum, potatoes, and in
fact practically anything that man eats, including canned
and preserved fruits and vegetables of all kinds and
jellies, etc. In the McCullough booth there are six differ-
ent kinds of jelly in layers in one jar.
This department of the Fair is of a high order, and
what is lacking in number of communities exhibiting is
more than compensated for in quality of exhibits.
A number of officials at the University of Florida were
over Wednesday to the Fair, including J. Francis Cooper,
Agricultural Editor; A. P. Spencer, Vice-Director of the
Extension Department; H. G. Clayton and J. Lee Smith,
district agent; R. W. Blacklock, boys' club agent; John
M. Scott, animal industrialist, and Hamlin L. Brown, ex-
tension dairyman. County agents from Jefferson, Baker,
Union, LaFayette and Leon in Florida and three Georgia
counties were in attendance. County Superintendent
Scruggs, active with the Jefferson County Fair, was also
a visitor. H. P. Lucas, of Baltimore, secretary and treas-
urer of the General Utilities & Operating Co., of Balti-
more, was with Mr. Maxwell, of Perry, looking over the
Fair Wednesday night. He complimented the Fair highly,
said Madison was the prettiest town in Florida and was
charmed with the city's White Way.
The cut flower display is handsome, though should be
more extensive, and the fancy work exhibit is good.
The school exhibit is extensive and said to be the best
ever displayed here. Judging in this department was tak-
ing place yesterday.
The negro exhibit is very creditable, and they should
be encouraged in this work. Ed Hill, a colored boy, has
a number of good paintings in this department.
The high water mark of the whole Fair is the live
stock department. This is said to be the biggest live
stock show put on entirely by club members at any county
fair in the United States. With a hundred pretty regis-
tered Jersey calves and two hundred Madison County
raised pigs and hogs, it is truly a wonderful sight. The
poultry exhibit in this department, too, is extensive. Prob-
ably the calves are the greatest sight of all, as this is
their first year on exhibit, while Madison is known over
the United States as a big pig club county. The Jersey
calves, too, mark what is destined to become one of North
Florida's greatest industries, if not the greatest-that of
The grand champion heifer calf prize was won by
Russel Henderson, and the grand champion bull prize by
Francis Owens. Winners of the five registered calves
given away as prizes (four by the Pennock Plantation of
Jupiter, Fla., and one by the University of Florida) were

Albert Glass, Russell Henderson, Francis Owens, Claude
Wilson and Dick Baker.
In the pig department, Sidney McLeod, a Greenville
club boy, has one pen of Duroc barrows, seven months
old, weighing 1220 pounds.
The Fiddler's convention under the management of
A. W. Worley is a great drawing card in an amusement
way. And they fiddle, too. Anyone enjoying good music
of that kind will be more than pleased with them. The lit-
tle dogs' highdive is an interesting feature, and there are
shows, ball throwing, lunch stands and wheels of chance
galore, along with the merry-go-round, ferris wheel and
swings, on the midway.


Program Liberty County Free Educational Fair, Bristol,
November 15 to 20

A. W. Turner, Supt.; Mrs. J. E. Roberts, Pres.; Mrs. E. C.
Bateman, Treas.; Robert' Kiley, Sec'y.;
Mrs. Robert Kiley, Clerk.

Under auspices of the Woman's Home Imiprovement
Club, County Agent, County Commissioners and Free Press
The following program has so far been arranged:
Monday, Nov. 15-Entry Day. All exhibits must be
entered on this day. The Griffith Shows and the DeWitt
Amusement Co. will open their attractions to the public
Monday night and continue throughout the week.
Tuesday, Nov. 16-Bristol Day, Gadsden County Day
and Klan Day. Klan parade. Speaking by Hon. Tom
Yon; B. W. Eells, Gen. Mgr. A. & N. Ry., on the Possi-
bilities of Liberty County; Hon. Fuller Warren; Hon. W.
M. Corry, "Cooperation and Community Spirit" and other
members Gadsden County Chamler of Commerce. Fire-
works at night. Basket ball, Briston vs. Greensboro.
Radio demonstrations. Stunts for kids. All to be ar-
ranged on this day.
Wednesday, Nov. 17-Telogia Day, Boys and Girls
Club Day, School Day and Best Baby Contest. Public
speaking by W. C. Holley on Onions and Tobacco; J. L.
Smith. Stunts for the kids. The DeWitt Amusement Co.
will give school children rides free on the Merry-Go-
Round on this day. Premiums awarded.
Thursday, Nov. 18-Hosford Day, Governor's Day,
Closing of Miss Liberty Contest, to be crowned by Gov-
ernor Martin. Speaking by Governor Martin; J. T. Evans,
the Peach King, subject: "A Wonderful Dream." Mr.
Evans will give away peach trees during the day. Hon.
W. R. O'Neal, of Orlando. Bicycle races. Basket ball,
Bristol vs. Hosford. Automobile parade, Governor and
Miss Liberty to ride in the parade. Exhibits thrown open
to the public.
Friday, Nov. 19-Sumatra Day and Live Stock Day. All
live stock to be brought in and entered by 11 a. m. and
judged at 1:30 p. m. Speaking by C. Henderson, Sec'y.
Gadsden County Chamber of Commerce; Representative
J. A. Wynn; Jack Huber. Horse races, foot races, hog-
calling contest.
Saturday, Nov. 20-Rock Bluff, Orange, Vilas and
Liberty County Day, Old Fiddlers' Convention, Horse
Swappers' Convention, rummage sale. All exhibits to be
removed during the afternoon.
One of the unusual exhibits at the Fair is a silk quilt,
containing 14,097 pieces, with the design Liberty worked

Florida Review 3

Floriba 3ebietW

Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

Nathan Mayo...........................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. Brooks..................Director Bureau of Immigration
Phil S. Taylor................................................ Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25. 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Fla., under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol.1 May 2, 1927 No. 23

in the center, also the flags of four countries with the
flag of our nation and the words "In God We Trust, or
Death." This quilt is the property of Mr. C. Pratt of
Philadelphia, Pa., and was on exhibition at the Liberty
Fair in Philadelphia in 1876 and has been exhibited at
all the leading fairs in the United States.


The faith and indefatigable labors of those who have
worked so valiantly for the past year in order to have a
successful fair in Citrus county were amply rewarded on
Wednesday morning, when the exhibits were thrown open
to the public, and the sponsors stood back and viewed
with satisfaction the great array of agricultural products,
home demonstration exhibits, needlework, basketry, art
work, live stock and poultry, all housed in new buildings
on the twenty-acre tract a short distance south of the
center of the charming little city of Lecanto. The new
site was purchased by the Board of County Commissioners
early last fall, and the buildings were erected jointly at
the expense of the county and with labor contributed by
the citizens of the Lecanto community.
This year's fair is by far the greatest ever known in
the history of the county. It places Citrus county, which
is making rapid strides in the direction of agricultural
development, in a position where an annual fair will be
a permanent institution which will grow and expand until
it will within a few years stand in the forefront of all
county fairs of the state.
This year the mammoth buildings used for the display
of agricultural products and home demonstration work,
woman's club exhibits, school displays and the like has
been found to be far too small and is crowded to its ut-
most capacity. Next year it will be found necessary, it
is thought, to have a separate building for agricultural dis-
plays alone. In separate structures are housed the live-
stock and poultry exhibits respectively, both of which
are very fine. Especially interesting is the display of
hogs raised by the boys of the county in pig club work,
as well as the poultry and cattle exhibits.
Seven communities of the county are represented with
community exhibits-Red Level, Crystal River, Hernan-
do, Lecanto, Oak Grove, Homosassa and Pleasant Grove.
If one doubts the quality and variety of products raised
in Citrus county, he need only visit these booths to be
convinced that agriculture as an industry is being carried
on here in earnest and that the future of the county from
this standpoint is an assured fact.
The home demonstration booth, in which there are
rows upon rows of jars of fruits and vegetables, pro-
ducts of our own county, so perfect that they do not
seem real, all prepared under the most scientific meth-

ods of canning and preserving recommended by Mrs.
Elizabeth W. Moore, County Home Demonstration Agent,
is a matter of wonder to the visitors. There are also
displays of beautiful pine needle work, handwork of all
kinds, quilts, bedspreads and other articles for the home,
produced in the regular work of the home demonstra-
tion clubs.
A sales booth for the sale of the canned products and
pine needle articles will be maintained by the home dem-
onstration women.
Another booth of special interest to women and dis-
playing the marvelous accomplishments with the needle
by the women of the county is the large booth, attrac-
tively decorated and containing hundreds of articles of
fancy work and sewing, of the County Federation of
Women's Clubs.
That education is not being neglected in Citrus County
is evidenced by the wonderful display of actual work of
the school children in the school display. This display
speaks well for the future of Citrus county and is an
eloquent testimony of the excellence of the schools here.
Attracting crowds of admiring and amazed spectators
is the booth prepared by Oscar Swed of Lecanto, who
is a taxidermist of unusual fame and a collector of rare
specimens of animal life. Mr. Swed has arranged as a
setting for his exhibit a woodland scene and the princi-
pal feature is a black bear, recently killed by A. D.
Williams of Crystal River and mounted in a lifelike man-
ner by Mr. Swed. The exhibit also contains stuffed wild
turkeys, quails, cranes, a mounted deer head and many
other interesting specimens.
The mineral department, showing every mineral mined
in the county, is another interesting exhibit.
Too much praise cannot be given W. R. Vincent, presi-
(lent of the association; Mrs. Minnie H. Robinson, its
secretary; County Home Demonstration Agent, Mrs. Eliza-
beth W. Moore, and County Agricultural Agent Sam
Roundtree, and their loyal co-workers for the success of
the fair and for the valuable service rendered to Citrus
county. These officials have labored long and constantly
but they are now reaping their rewards by the unquali-
fied success of the enterprise.
This is the first year that an official premium list,
printed in the job department of the Citrus County
Chronicle and Crystal River Herald, has ever been pub-


Stuart has this week been able to show the world a
perfect Fair representing many lines of Martin county
agricultural, industrial, educational and domestic life.
The gold of the citrus grove, the green of garden and
farm, the artistry of the school children, and the skill-
ful handiwork of the housewife have found a beautiful
picture inside the big tent on the fair grounds.
For weeks past John Wood, secretary of the chamber
of commerce, and C. P. Heuck, county agricultural agent,
have been gathering together the precious treasure which
Martin county had to offer. From grove, farm, school
and home they have brought the offerings of loyal citi-
zens of the county and the result shows plainly that
Martin county need not take a back seat among Florida's
splendid sisterhood of counties.
As the visitor enters the main tent his attention is
arrested by two giant banana stalks, possibly twenty feet
in height. They stand like sentries on either side of a

4 Florida Review

very striking exhibit. They came from the ornamental
nurseries of E. E. Spicer at Gomez.
The exhibit in question is that of P. R. McCrary, proud
owner of Crestview Farm on the North Fork. All the
products shown were grown on this place, which it is Mr.
McCrary's ambition to make the leading farm in the
county. His right, however, is disputed by a number
of Martin county farmers who cherish the same ambition.
There are four varieties of Georgia collards in Mr.
McCrary's exhibit, the "blue-stem," "white-stem," "pur-
ple" and "long-leaf." The next thing that attracts atten-
tion is an Abyssinian banana, the only specimen in cap-
tivity in South Florida. Mr. McCrary explains that the
botanical name is "musa enseta." Next there are two
varieties of sweet potato, Georgia and Porto Rican yams;
a basket of Marglobe tomatoes; a rare specimen of Chi-
nese cabbage which is edible in the stem but not in the
leaf; Swiss chard; Boston lettuce; drum head cabbage;
"long green" variety of spring onions; Red Bliss Irish
potatoes. Ponderosa tomatoes; young cauliflower; sum-
mer crook-neck squash.
There are many more farm exhibits of like quality.
The foregoing is given as a sample in this line, and was
taken merely because it was the first one seen and in-
formation concerning it was available-not because it
was better than the others.
The fancy work exhibition staged by the women of
Stuart, Jensen and other communities, was attractive and
pleasing. Notable among the articles on display were
two Paisley shawls more than 200 years old. One is
exhibited by Mrs. Gussie Dreher of Palm City, the other
by Mrs. R. P. Lapham of Stuart. Tapestry work done in
Sweden is exhibited by Mrs. Harry Segerstron, Mrs.
Betty Segerstron and Mrs. Eric Donderson, of Jensen.
Woven work such as rugs, table runners, portieres, etc.,
are exhibited by Ben Syko, a native of Persia but pres-
ent resident of Stuart. There are also several bedspreads,
silk and cotton patchwork quilts, beautiful and rare cross-
stitch work, the usual lay-out of embroidered towels,
luncheon sets, bedspreads, handkerchiefs, pillow cases,
and center pieces. One notable specimen is a hand-
painted shawl made by Miss Billy Crow, a teacher in
the Salerno schools. A unique article is a center piece
woven of gold thread with petit point embroidery center.
In this collection there are several interesting examples
of basketry. These baskets were made of Martin county
The women in charge of this booth are Mrs. John
Wood of Stuart, Mrs. R. H. Payne of Jensen and Mrs.
Frank Chandler of Salerno, as chairmen of the commit-
tee. They are assisted by a number of other women.
On the opposite side of the tent is the exhibit of home-
made confections in charge of the Palm City women.
The following contributed to this tempting collection:
Mrs. Gussie Dreher, cakes, jams, jellies, guava butter.
Mrs. John Taylor, twelve glasses of jelly, preserves, Jap-
anese cherries, etc. Mrs. M. Wallace, four glasses orange
marmalade; Mrs. E. B. Townsend, eight glasses of jelly.
Mrs. C. H. Munch, two quarts of watermelon preserves.
Mrs. Robert Peck, one pound of butter, one dozen cookies,
one pan of biscuit, two glasses of jelly, two glasses tomato
pickles, one jar of preserves and one glass of guava but-
Mrs. John Wood, nine glasses of guava jelly, one quart
pineapple; two candied grapefruits. Mrs. R. D. Pitch-
ford, two glasses of jelly; Mrs. F. L. Higbee, one quart
kumquat preserves, a George Washington cake. Mrs. J.

J. McCullom, four jars of guava jelly. Mrs. Herbert
Heroy, two glasses of guava jelly. Mrs. Dave Dirr, two
glasses of spiced gooseberries. Mrs. Michaels, two guava
jellies, one quart Japanese cherries. Mrs. Frank Cassidy,
one quart preserved pineapple, one quart Florida cherries.
Mrs. P. P. Scott, one dozen doughnuts, four quarts com-
prised of pickled beans, pickled mincemeat, pickled green
tomatoes and picallilly. Mrs. H. L. Snyder, quart jars
of pickled beans, pears and apples. Mrs. Nelson, two
glasses of salad dressing.
Mrs. Dr. Fred E. Britten had an attractive exhibit
which took prizes as follows: peaches, first; pineapples,
first; strawberries, first; mulberries, first; mangoes, sec-
ond; sweet tomatoes, second; tomatoes, first; beets, first;
carrots, first; layer devil's food cake, first; apple pie,
first; cocoanut cream pie, first.
A strange specimen of rock from the bottom of the
St. Lucie canal was furnished by Paul G. Merritt; on a
slip of paper attached to it were the words, "What's
under Florida." One of the strangest features of the
fair was also in the art department with the foregoing
sample. It was a beautiful bouquet made of ocean shells.
Visitors to the fair should make it a point to see this as
il. is most remarkable.


By far the most important event of the week in Miami
is the Dade County Fair, which is showing in its 31st
annual exhibition of Dade county products and industrial
activities at N. W. 7th avenue and 28th street.
The exhibits of vegetables and fruits in Dade county
surprise the average person with their variety of speci-
mens offered for show. There are exhibits of flowers
and shrubs which testify to the splendid opportunity
which Dade county affords in horticultural lines.
Some of the individual exhibits of fruit and vegetables
have been awarded blue ribbons and the complete booths
shown by Opa-locka and South Allapattah Gardens as
well as the Farmers Curb Market booths have attracted
a great deal of comment all through the week. The
variety of vegetables shown includes sweet corn, rhu-
barb, peas, peppers, squash, cabbage, eggplant, vegetable
oyster, celery, endive, beans, potatoes, okra, Swiss chard,
rape, leek, carrots, spinach, onions, beets, lettuce, Chi-
nese cabbage artichokes, turnips, etc. South Allapatah
Gardens has a display of flowers and ferns and three
kinds of clover. Clover rhubarb and sweet corn ahve
been said to be impossible of cultivation in Dade county
but the results obtained at South Allapattah Gardens
would seem to prove otherwise.
The nursery products and flowers exhibited in a rock-
ery by the Miami City park division under the direction
of J. Gerry Curtis, superintendent, and exhibits of the
Exotic Gardens, the Green Nursery and the city of Coral
Gables are particularly attractive.
One of the most interesting exhibits is that of Mr.
H. B. Vivian, a horticulturalist of years' experience in
Dade county. Mr. Vivian has collected some one hun-
dred and twenty samples of native and exotic woods in
Dade county since the hurricane and has a sample of each
wood as well as a sample of dried fruit of many trees
which grow here. One of the most interesting of the
trees introduced into Dade county by the Plant Intro-
duction Bureau of the Department of Agriculture is the
"Kaffir Orange," samples of the dried fruit and the wood
of the tree being shown. Another interesting example

Florida Review 5

is the "grevilia hilliana," a hard wood imported from
Cuba. A good sample of "madeira" which is almost
identical with mahogany and finds extensive use in ship
building is shown. This grows on the keys and some
parts of South Dade county. Among other exhibits, Mi-
ami made products of various kinds including canned
fruits and preserves, insecticides, roofing materials, mill
work, iron work, radio, etc., command the attention.
The woman's department has its usual large variety
of needle work and other home products and is very
interesting. There are the usual live stock and poultry
Thousands upon thousands of persons visited the fair
daily to see the displays entered, and the display of vege-
tables raised in Dade county attracted more comment
and more interest than any other feature.
The county fair as known in this country originated
from the early days when farmers got together and bar-
tered their goods. It has been constantly added to until
today, the fair is the district on parade. Products of
all kinds, whether agricultural, horticultural, or me-
chanical, are brought together and placed in one place
on review for the thousands that pass by. The fair is
one of the most valuable things a county can have because
it does more to interest people in their county and ac-
quaint them with what their neighbors are doing in the
way of producing than anything else. There is nothing
in the world so convincing as the sight. The display of
the Opa-Locka community gardens was a final answer to
the possibilities of the Everglades. That display did
more to convince people of the possibilities of the Ever-
glades than dozens of speeches could do.
J. S. Rainel, Dade County Farm Agent, and his as-
sistant, C. H. Steffani, are in active charge of the ex-
hibition and are principally responsible for the success-
ful operation of the fair.


The Palm Beach county fair being held this week is
proving to be the best ever staged here and is attracting
thousands of people daily to the new fair grounds on
Belvedere road, where exhibits of agricultural, indus-
trial and school work are on display.
Opening of the event Tuesday was marked by a street
parade in which more than 100 floats and gaily decorated
automobiles took part. It traversed the principal streets
of the city amid the plaudits of the crowds which lined
the sidewalks and ended at the fair grounds at noon,
when prizes were awarded to the best decorated in each
We traveled on into the agricultural building, which
was the main feature of the fair. This building was
long, long, very long, and also rather wide. The people
who arranged it had good sense and a considerable idea
of the artistic. The exhibits were in three lines. One
along each side and one in the middle. A nifty little
fountain tinkled in the center. Half the eastern side and
nearly all the west were taken up with community ex-
hibits. The exhibits covered almost everything good to
eat in Florida and the West Indies, and some from the
sterner climes further north. There were many vege-
tables that take the first rank in gardens as far north as
Virginia, and others that gratify the appetite as far

south as Uruguay. There are some things we can't raise
in Palm Beach county because they do not have the
stinging stimulant of frost. On the other hand, there
is not a day in the year but quantities of vegetables,
just ripe, are ready to fill their place at a feast. The
citrus display was excellent, and beside oranges and
grapefruit there were lemons. There are few places in
Florida where lemons of the delicacy of the Spanish and
Sicilian varieties can be grown, and Palm Beach county
is one of those few.
The community exhibits around the hall were made by
Canal Point, Clewiston, Jupiter, Kelsey City, Belleglade,
Chosen, South Bay, Delray, Pahokee, Lake Worth, Boyn-
ton, and there may have been some more our bewildered
eyes didn't catch. Our coast precincts seem to have a
little the edge in citrus fruit, while for fresh vegetables
the Everglades communities had more than we ever saw
before "in all our born days."
The southern half of the center section looked like a
fairy bower. It was filled with a combined forest and
garden of flowers, fern's, and vines, which came from
the Exotic Gardens, the Municipal Nurseries, Berry's
Nurseries and Kelsey's Nurseries. They were elegantly
arranged and refreshed both the optical and probosical
The northern half of this central division was filled
with specimens of school work, and here one could have
remained all day to look at the expressions of the ideas
of our bright-minded young people.
There was a nice little rest room, but evidently the fair
wasn't making people tired, for there were few resting.
The Dixie Playground had a nice exhibit. Next to it
the department of health had a space presided over
by two bright and smart young ladies, Miss Myrtle A.
Funsch and Miss Grace Ewing, each an "R. N." We don't
know what R. N. means-Real Nurse, we suppose. (Since
we have discovered they really are.) They were busy,
weighing children and giving them good advice. You
have to give a child a thousand bushels of good advice in
order to induce it to absorb a pint of it. Being close
to our second childhood, we hoped they would advise us,
but they probably thought we were past saving.
Miss Janice B. Rugg was most gracefully presiding over
the exhibit of the Palm Beach County Ice Manufactur-
ing Company. No matter about the line she was show-
ing, there will never be any need of putting her smiles
on ice. She has 'em fresh every minute.
The Dade Lumber Company had a good display-noth-
ing wooden about the heads of its managers. The Ebert
Lumber Company showed that you obtain 10 cents worth
of lumber for what you paid 5 cents for a year ago.
What impressed us was that you could obtain for 10
cents more wood sawed and planed than you could buy
from the average wood yard or wood peddler for 25
The live stock show was not large, but the animals
were superb. We wished that some robust person would
grab that "Klim" man by the back of the neck and
compel him to stand and look at the great uddered cows
until he got religion.
But the prettiest thing at the fair except the girls was
the big, snow white stallion from the Meadowbrook Rid-
ing Academy. He is truly a king among animals and has
more sense than many men.
By trying hard we can have even a better fair next
year. We should praise and appreciate County Agent
Hiatt and his assistants for what they did this year.

6 Florida Review


The Sarasota county fair opened this morning. Though
the official inauguration ceremonies did not take place
until the community luncheons at noon, the gates were
opened at 10 o'clock, when a considerable crowd was
already on hand awaiting admission. But even before
that hour, the grounds buzzed with activity as last-min-
ute touches were put to the exhibits and the multipli-
city of side-shows.
Airplanes were tuning up for performing their tricks
and carrying visitors on short flights, the race horses were
pawing the ground in their stalls, impatient for the
starter's gun; cowboys, steer wrestlers and rope spinners
were utilizing the last minutes before the grand opening
for arranging their programs of entertainment for the
afternoon. Greer's society circus was going through its
practice, and carpenters were driving a few last nails in
the exposition buildings.
At 10 a. m. the various exhibit buildings were thrown
open, displaying a unique gathering of exceptional col-
lections. The judges began to arrive, and immediately
started examining the exhibits and classifying them with
regard to merit. In a word, the fair was on, a colorful
spectacle of interest and joyful activity. By noon the
crowd had increased considerably and innumerable cars
were parked in the spacious grounds reserved for that
Shortly after noon, the affair was in full swing. A
merry-go-round whirled dizzily, and in the distance a
brass band blared forth the latest popular music. At
1 o'clock, Merle Evans and his ever welcome group of
artists officially ushered in the county fair with a pro-
gram of their usual excellence. By the time the races
started at 2:15, a large crowd had assembled around the
track for the meet, consisting of four races, each with
a purse of $150, including a Roman chariot race.
Major George H. Day was the presiding judge of the
races, associate judges being Theron Burts, S. Stanley
Mitchell, George Upchurch. Captain Joe Greer acted as
The county fair will occupy its new plant this year with
the plans complete for the buildings, one of the finest
plants of its kind in the state. Last year when the fair
was held the buildings and roads were incomplete in
some instances, and this greatly handicapped the pro-
gram. However, this year everything is different and
the preparations point to a very successful fair.
The Sarasota county fair is an organization of the
people of the county, and its success depends upon the
cooperation which the people render, by placing exhibits
and also by their attendance.
Those who have worked to make it a success deserve
the cooperation of the people one hundred per cent. It
is believed the people of the county appreciate this fact
and will show their appreciation by their attendance.
The racing program is the most extensive that could
be devised. Intent upon bringing to the fair the best that
could be found, Secretary Brazil has combed the tracks
of Ohio and Kentucky for thoroughbreds and more than
100 will be entered in the five-day racing meet.
The entertainment in front of the grandstand will in-
clude, among many other attractions, The Greer Society
Circus, a big feature of the Ringling Shows, and other
events of a high character.
The women's building, under the direction of the city's
leading club and civic workers, Mrs. E. A. Smith and

Mrs. Jack Halton, will be housed in a Spanish type struc-
ture, one of the finest fair buildings in the south.
Each day of the fair will be a special one. The open-
ing day is to be Children's Day and the little folk will
be given special attention on that day. A baby show,
under the direction of the local post of the American
Legion, and including a "Queen of the Fair" is being
Surrounding cities have been asked to cooperate in
making of the fair an unusual success and large parties
of visitors are expected from Bradenton, Manatee, Pal-
metto, Fort Myers, Arcadia, Punta Gorda, Tampa, and
other cities near by.
Prince Michael Catacuzne, late member of the Russian
Royal family, is president of the Fair Association, while
Jules Brazil, international entertainer for the Kiwanis
clubs, is secretary. These two men, with the aid of the
directors and members of the association, have worked
out a program which is to be vastly entertaining, and
at the same time represent Florida in its very most at-
tractive phases, as the exhibits to be shown will sur-
pass anything yet attempted in that section.


"Your exhibits this year are much better than they were
last year," R. W. Blacklock, Boys' Club Agent of the
Agricultural Extension Service, said in talking about the
Pasco County Fair which opened last Tuesday. Mr. Black-
lock, with N. H. Mehroff, Poultry Extension Agent, and
H. G. Clayton, District Agent, served as judges, with
Miss Virginia Moore, Assistant State Home Demonstra-
tion Agent, and Miss Eloise McGriff, District Home Dem-
onstration Agent, acting in the same capacities for the
Women's and Home Demonstration Clubs exhibits.
Ten community exhibits, Fort King Club, Richland,
'Hudson-Aripeka, Crystal Springs, Slaughter, Denham-
Myrtle, Blanton-Jessamine, Fort Dade, Zephyrhills and
Dade City, filled the main building with a bewildering
display of horticultural, agricultural and industrial prod-
In arrangement and variety every one of those exhibits
is much better than the ones shown last year, and ex-
clamations of admiration are frequent from the many
visitors. Much surprise is expressed at the fine quality
and varieties of fruits and vegetables displayed, and one
looking at them would scarcely imagine that these prod-
ucts were reported irreparably damaged, if not destroyed,
by cold less than four weeks ago. Pasco county as a farm-
ing, poultry and dairying section, appears, however, to
be the motif of the fair this year, and the showings of
staple crops, grains, hays, forage, Irish and sweet pota-
toes and so forth would warm the heart of any farmer
from the great farm belt of the middle west.
Pasco county schools are real educational institutions,
and pupils who have completed their courses have gained
practical education and training, if one may judge from
the character of the exhibits made by them at the Pasco
County Fair. The exhibit occupies one entire side of
Ziegler Hall, with an overflow of manual training work
of the Dade City grammar school occupying space on the
opposite side. All of the papers shown, covering arith-
metic, reading, penmanship, spelling, geography, physi-
ology, and other studies, are models of neatness, and the
free-hand drawings illustrating the subjects covered show
that the knowledge gained by the pupils who prepared
them was practical, and not merely theoretical.

Florida Review 7

"The Boys' and Girls' Club exhibit of poultry here is
the best exhibit of this kind I have seen this year, and
is both larger and better than the entire club poultry
exhibit shown at the South Florida Fair last year," Pro-
fessor N. H. Mehroff, poultry extension agent of the Agri-
cultural Experiment Station, remarked as he completed
his work of judging this exhibit at the Pasco County
Fair. The exhibit, which occupies one entire side of the
poultry pavilion, comprises at least one-fourth of the en-
tire poultry department, and has attracted very favor-
able attention from all who have seen it.


From the soil and the home, the factory and the school-
room were gathered material for exhibits on the table
and in the booth for Lee county's choice table at the fair
grounds that opened under a smiling sun at Terry Park
at nine o'clock this morning. The guests to Lee county's
show room were arriving here long before the appoint-
ed hour for the official opening of the gates and the turn-
ing back of the curtains of the ninth annual Lee county
At a few minutes past nine the finishing touches to the
later exhibits were being added as the visitors to the
four day event began to arrive, inspect and enjoy a review
of south Florida's resources of soil and handiwork on
display. At 10 o'clock the cars had begun to fill the
parking spaces within the lines while a Seminole Indian
here and there added color to the visitors who began
to arrive on foot.
The exhibits of the Lee county fair this year are con-
spicuous for the agricultural and school exhibits of which
the handiwork of art, ingenuity and culture vie with
the products of long stretches of fertile soil that is
nourished by the rays from a gracious sun. Huge dis-
plays of grapefruit, oranges and tangerines were lined
alongside the more humble rutabaga and an assortment
of other vegetables with names that rank into the fourth
dimension of the kingdom of vegetables while huge
bunches of the stately celery plant with its stalk of white
crispness, occupied the corners of displays here and there.
The school exhibits range from the modest efforts of
the first grade youngsters to detailed woodwork designs
of the city Junior high and late modes of wearing ap-
parel from the Senior class rooms. Paintings, draw-
ings in pencil, miniature cities in clay and wax, sketches
from the old philosophers and late slogans in health make
up, in part, the most complete and interesting exhibits
from the schools ever seen at one time in Lee county
Attractive community exhibits seen here this morning
included Bonita Springs, Alva, Iona, Olga, Estero, East
Fort Myers, Sanibel, Pine Island, and Halgrim while in-
dividual farm booths of C. B. Foster, Charles Weiland
and the Brother Isaiah tract ranked high in the scale
of enterprise.
Separate exhibits this morning included booths of the
Lee County Red Cross, Woman's club, Home Economic
class, J. R. Parker, Lee County Brick and Tile company,
Hudson-Essex motors, Chevrolet motors, Ford motors,
Studebaker and a comprehensive display from the agri-
culture boys of Lee county.
One of the most interesting displays of building prod-
ucts manufactured in the county is seen in the display
of the Lee County Brick and Tile Company, with an ex-
terior finish of a home on the inside of which are various

forms of paving, stone, tile and concrete work. This
company is said to produce as wide range of stone and
masonry work as any on the southwest Florida coast.
At the Lee county exhibit the fair visitors were given
the opportunity to witness Lee county at its best. A splen-
did and complete collection of fruit, vegetables, preserved
goods, sugar cane, syrups and bees was on display. It
was at this booth that County Agent C. P. Wright made
his headquarters and much favorable comment was di-
rected at it from fair visitors.
Sanibel let it be known that it has the finest shelling
beach in America when it arranged its booth at the Lee
County Fair. Shells of every size, shape and color went
to form the most attractive display of its kind on the
grounds. In addition to shells the booth boasted of some
of the finest citrus specimens at the fair.


Now that another Manatee County Fair is turned into
the annals of history, new worlds must be sought for
We just can't help wishing that the agitators of the
hue and cry of the day that women have lost their home-
making and domestic talents, or rather resigned them,
could visit the exhibits of women's handiwork at various
fairs over the country. It would appear that women
are doing just as much of the "fine seaming" that their
sisters of the "mauve decade" did and in addition so many
things that were beyond the ability of the women of
that day that especial praise should be awarded the woman
of today.
We wish also that the denouncer of the youth of today
could visit the school exhibits and see the useful and prac-
tical training the girls are getting in school for the mak-
ing of better homes. Exhibits of dresses, undergar-
ments, children's clothes as well as domestic science ex-
hibits were outstanding in their excellence. Neat dis-
plays of notebooks in the academic work of the students
as well as the work of the primary grades, combined
to make a truly interesting exhibit and prove beyond
shadow of a doubt that the "jazz age" is doing some-
thing other than jazzing.
In the Woman's Building the display of fancy needle-
work excelled that of previous years and many interest-
ing articles of handicraft were on exhibit.
One in particular, a crib of pine needles in artistic
design made by the mother of twelve for her twelfth child.
Not many firstborn of a family could boast a crib of such
beauty and art.
There were colorful hooked rugs, pieces of needlepoint
embroidery, handwoven coverlets, a beautiful old piece
of paisley so rarely seen nowadays. Never to be left with
their praises unsung are the old patchwork quilts with
their myriad patches worked so harmoniously into some
intricate design.
The flower exhibit this year seemed to offer a more
varied display than ever before. There was almost every
known flower to be seen. Shy and modest pansies and
violets were given their chance among the more showy
blossoms, of sunflower, marigold, calendula and the gay
and colorful nasturtiums. Fragrant roses and sweet-
peas added their pastel shades of soft beauty to the blos-
soming bower. Several baskets of varigated cut flowers
were effective with the combination of snapdragons, lark-
spur and golden calendulas. Many beautiful and unusual
potted plants and ferns were also on display.

8 Florida Review

The hundreds of visitors who passed through the
buildings daily at the Manatee County Fair, were loud
in their praise of the excellency of the work exhibited.
The general public seems to be in favor of more and bet-
ter fairs for Manatee County.
Bradenton Optimist Club won a place of honor in the
hearts of many fair visitors by providing free drinking
water and a spot to rest weary bones at their booth in
the Hewitt building. The tourist club also maintained
free water supply, and both of these "oases" in the
midst of the various brands of "pop" were much ap-
Praised by P. T. Strieder, general manager of the South
Florida Fair, and W. G. Brorein, president, as one of
the best exhibits of school work ever presented at a
Florida fair, the school department exhibits at the Mana-
tee County fair this year set a precedent for excellence
which will be difficult to beat in other years.
The department of education at the fair is under the
direction of Prof. B. D. Gullet, county superintendent of
schools, and the list, of awards indicates how complete
cooperation between county schools and the fair man-
agement was this year.
One of the exhibits which never fails to attract the
attention of both men and women at the fair is the group
of community exhibits of home-canned foods, arranged
by Miss Margaret Cobb, county home demonstration
agent. This exhibit attracts the women because, in the
main, it is home craft. It attracts the men because-well,
you know the old saying about the way to a man's heart.
Community exhibits in this year's fair were declared
by experts to be the finest and best ever presented to the
thousands of visitors who crowded through the fair gates,
and it is a tribute to the resources of Ellenton that this
community again won first prize or the "grand prize"
for general attractiveness of its display.
Showing many exceptional bits of homecraft, from
baked goods to a pine needle cradle and furniture, the
woman's department exhibit at the fair this year won a
big measure of praise. Mrs. T. R. Robinson of Terra Ceia
and Mrs. Ray Palmer of Bradenton, as usual, presented
an attractive display of goods worked by Manatee county
women, and antiques and heirlooms which are always
of interest to women.
For the first time, the Manatee County fair this year
made provision in its ribbon awards for manufactured
products other than manufactured agricultural by-prod-
ucts, such as commercially prepared fruits and jellies.
Largely through the efforts of the Manatee Chamber
of Commerce, an exhibit of the products "made in Mana-
tee" was arranged opposite the Manatee community ex-
hibit, and in making awards, Judge Wm. Gomme dis-
tributed ribbons to the newcomers among exhibitors.
Lee S. Day, president of the Manatee County Fair
Association, wants to know what there is left for him
to work for now. After the county's exhibit at the South
Florida Fair captured blue ribbons in all the. big classes,
and after the successful Manatee County Fair just closed,
he thinks he has reached the pinnacle-not of fame,
for Mr. Day is rarely in the foreground in the fails work,
but in accomplishment and good fair "showmanship,"
which means ability to plan exhibits, knowledge of what
to show and how to show and an expert knowledge of
quality in fruits and vegetables.
Friday night the cutrain closed down on the most
successful Manatee County fair in the twelve years this

institution has been staged at the Bradenton fair grounds.
SThe fair is over. But there is this satisfaction to those
who worked so hard to make it a success-it is uni-
versally acclaimed not only a credit to Manatee County,
but an exhibition that would have done credit to the re-
sources of several Florida counties combined.

19, 1927

Okeechobee County has a new courthouse, wherein an
important trial will be held Thursday, Friday and Satur-
day. This goes under the name of the county fair. All
residents and visitors will serve as judges and jurors of
the vegetables, sugar cane, home products, poultry and
other resources of that rich county. There will be plenty
of evidence submitted in the case, and it can be foretold
that the verdict will be promptly returned in favor of
Okeechobee, with no danger of a mistrial.
An interesting feature will be a display of every variety
of soil the county possesses, and its variety is great, says
the Okeechobee News, "The Voice of the Everglades."
The county is at the north end of Lake Okeechobee,
east of the Kissimmee River. The city of Okeechobee is
on the Seaboard cross-state line and on a line of the
Florida East Coast Railway, and is also reached from
Tampa by paved highway.
It is not thought that this county fair will attract many
crooks, inasmuch as on Thursday and Friday at Okee-
chobee the annual meeting of the sheriffs of Florida will
be held. If you attend the fair your car is not likely
to be stolen, if you leave it locked.
The Okeechobee District Fair was more than a success.
The home talent entertainment features made a hit with
home people and visitors alike. Dr. Sherard says he
has traveled around the world and this fair has proven
to him that there is a greater variety of talent in Okee-
chobee than in any community of its size in the world.
The school children made a hit. The exhibits were
wonderful. The entertainment features were new, novel
and appealed to everyone. There was no carnival or
sideshows to rob and distract visitors and take money
out of the community. No professional entertainers or
carnival aggregation could have afforded more amuse-
ment and downright pleasure than the fiddlers' conven-
tion and square dancing on the streets Friday night.
The rodeo was perhaps the first ever given at a county
fair in Florida and it was attended by at least 1,000 visi-
tors who liked it and asked for more.
The entertainments under the direction of Mrs. Har-
rington, Mrs. Terrell, Mrs. Dorsey, Miss House and others
was new and greatly enjoyed. We simply haven't room
or space to tell the story. We give our word, however,
that it was the best county fair we ever witnessed, and
many of our visitors say the same.
Financially the fair was handled in good shape by Mr.
Eglehof and their* is a surplus on which to start the
fair next March. The exhibit stands are made and paid
for and can be used again. We have gained experience
and next year we will have a real fair and even better
The fiddlers' convention was so good that it had to
be repeated again Saturday night. The rodeo took so
well that the motorcades from east and west coast points
visiting here yesterday requested that it be pu on for
heir entertainment and this big crowd enjoyed it as much
as the sheriffs and fair visitors.

Florida Review 9

Those who had been skeptical of the resources of the
Lake Okqechobee section and saw the numerous exhibits
are now our greatest boosters. Agriculturally there is
little doubt but what there was displayed the greatest
variety of products any county in Florida has ever shown.
Horticulturally the exhibition seems like a miracle.
Forty-one varieties of citrus fruit were on display, and
there was fruit of nearly every kind that can be raised
in a semi-tropical climate, or in the south.
Development and commercial agents of the railroads
who visited the fair, toegther with several experts from
U. S. Experiment Station at Gainesville, and county agents
from neighboring counties, unanimously declared it the
finest variety of products from the soil ever exhibited by
any county in Florida. It was these visitors who acted
as judges of the exhibits and they were as astonished
as the other visitors.

OKEECHOBEE, Fla.--Senator Park Trammell led a
three-mile parade here this morning in the opening of the
Okeechobee district fair, followed by 50 Florida sheriffs
in convention.
The fair is of exclusively local nature, no professional
entertainment being permitted. Frontier exhibitions
make up most of the entertainment program.
The muck soil of the Everglades gave up a cabbage
59 inches across the top, a 20-pound turnip and sugar cane
40 feet long to top off the agricultural exhibits, which
include 41 varieties of citrus fruits.
Chief Billy Bowlegs will lead his braves in tonight
to meet white chief, Governor Martin, on his arrival Fri-
day morning. Cowboys and Indians will be out in full
regalia Friday.


The fair was organized in 1916 by the Largo Woman's
'Club, the first two fairs being held on the grounds of the
City Park.
After the first a number of the leading people of the
county, realizing the value derived from such exhibits,
got their heads together and organized the Pinellas Coun-
ty Fair Association and purchased the present property
for fair purposes.
Under the able management of the officers of the as-
sociation a creditable showing was made, each year the
number of exhibits increasing until in 1922 a concerted
movement was started by the leaders of the association
to have the County Commissioners donate a sufficient
amount of money to make the admission to the fair free.
Realizing the importance of the fair to the county the
Commissioners made the investment requested, since
which time there has been no admission charged.
During 1926 the County Commissioners adopted a pro-
gram calling for the eventful expenditure of $50,000.00
to be spread over a period of several years.
Up to date approximately $15,000 have been expended
on this program greatly extending the exhibit space and
the general scope of the fair.
The buildings are crowded with all kinds of exhibits,
commercial and public, agricultural, live stock and all.
There will be a dog show, and extensive poultry, garden,
and household exhibits. Citrus fruits of course will form
a notable feature.

The many cash premiums this year are all larger than
in previous years and there is much competition. The
entertainment features will attract many.
More than 10,000 people attended the Pinellas County
free fair at Largo Wednesday. Motor cars were parked
for a mile around the fair grounds, and for a mile on the
leading highways flags and pennants overhead directed
the crowds to the display of the agricultural, live stock,
poultry and home economics resources of the immediate
vicinity of St. Petersburg.
The new poultry department under W. E. Counts is a
brilliant showing of such rare fowls as the blue Anda-
lusians, Golden, Silver, and White Campines, all classes
of Bantams, Jersey Black Giants, Cornish Indian Games,
Buff Orphingtons, Wyandottes, turkey, geese, ducks,
guineas, pigeons.
The Pinellas Park community display shows celery,
turnips, beets, watermelons, strawberries, a notable dis-
play of Villa Franklin lemons, iceberg lettuce weighing
seven pounds to the head, every kind of canned goods
and preserves.
Dr. R. L. McMullen, from his own farm, shows tobac-
co, sugar cane, cotton of fine quality, Egyptian wheat,
millet, eggplant, guavas, rice, pink shaddocks, squashes,
all vegetables and a remarkable exhibit in cassava, from
which flour, starch and tapioca are made.
The Curlew community exhibit shows strawberries, 42
varieties of citrus fruits, including huge navel oranges,
Surinam cherries and other fruits and vegetables to the
number of 200. J. L. Becket shows full grown Spaulins
Early Rose No. 4 and Red Bliss potatoes just harvested.
He planted the potatoes in October and cultivated them
only once. He is selling these potatoes at 10 cents a
pound. He has just harvested 1,400 pounds of ripe toma-
toes, Livingstone Glove and Red Beauty at 20 cents a
The chayote is displayed also. It is a potato which
grows on a vine and is developed perfectly in this
The grove of J. A. Walsingham has a fine display
of citrus fruits, canned goods and fresh vegetables. The
women's department is a gorgeous exhibition of laces,
needlework, canned fruits and vegetables, conserves,
crystallized citrus fruits, figs.
There are large displays of hogs and cattle. The motor
car department is more than doubled in space this year.
Among the unusual displays for the middle of winter
are ripe strawberries, tomatoes, squashes, watermelons,
surinam cherries, new potatoes which were planted in
October and cultivated only once.
Dairying is probably the second largest industry in this
section and also offers great possibilities for industry as
milk is shipped into Pinellas county throughout the year
and in the winter time it is necessary to import thou-
sands of gallons each week.

20-23, 1927

A Contribution to Continued Confidence

Winter Haven is doing well to again stage the annual
Polk County Orange Festival. By so doing, that city is
contributing materially to the optimistic spirit of our
people and demonstrating to the world that Polk con-
tinues to be one of the leading counties in the Southland.

10 Florida Highways

When men of the type of Roger W. Babson and Peter
O. Knight take part in a program of this kind, it means
that they are lending their good will and bringing their
message of good tidings at a time when they count for
something. Both men are leaders and both are highly
Influential, each in his own sphere. Therefore what they
have to say may be accepted in all sincerity and it is in
this spirit that their utterances are welcomed by the
public generally.
Yesterday, the opening day of the three-day program,
brought together an amazingly large crowd. The spec-
tacular feature, the annual Orange Festival parade, pro-
vided something beautiful and unusual, affording an out-
let for the enthusiasm of the spectators who cheered and
observed as the various units passed by. It is with a
sense of pride as indicating a cordial spirit of coopera-
tion between Lakeland and her sister cities throughout
Polk County, that special attention is called to the part
taken by Lakeland residents in the parade. Members
of the American Legion were there; two attractive floats
were noted, one arranged by the Ellis-Case Company,
fruit packers, and the other by Crystal Lake Club house,
"Miss Florida," a truly beautiful conception, and occu-
pied by a charming and attractive bevy of girls as cound
be found anywhere in all the country. Then, too, the
Lakeland drum and bugle corps, a new organization,
marched in line, while hundreds of Lakeland citizens
looked on and applauded.
One of the most effective floats was that manned by a
group of men in overalls, with none other than W. H.
Newell, Jr., superintendent of the Lakeland district of
the Atlantic Coast Line, at the steering wheel, and with
such notables aboard as Roger W. Babson, John F.
May and other prominent men in this section of the
state. The object lesson registered with the crowd, the
float telling its own story and giving that wholesome
and timely advice that Floridians had better get to work
producing something, thus adding to the wealth of the
Hundreds of interesting booths form a part of the Fes-
tival lay-out, each having something worth while to show
the visitors, the whole display affording a striking dem-
onstration of the resources of the county and of Winter
Haven in particular.
Lakeland folk will find it well worth while to visit
Winter Haven some time today or tomorrow.

WINTER HAVEN, Jan. 22.-The sum of $29.25, the
highest price ever paid for a box of Florida citrus, was
obtained here this afternoon for a box of Valencia oranges
packed by Miss Inez Morrison, of Lynchburg, near here,
the winner in the packers' contest held on the closing
day of the Polk County Orange Festival.
The box of fruit was auctioned and purchased by J.
C. Mann, of Riverside, Cal., who donated the fruit to
the Hundred Lakes Hospital.
The packers' contest, the first of its kind in the state,
drew 11 contestants representing as many citrus pack-
ing houses and was witnessed by a crowd of 2,000. Miss
Morrison, who received $25 in cash, scored 82 points
on speed and quality, her time being five minutes, 48 3-5
seconds. H. C. Bolick, of the Winter Haven Growers
house, was second with 80 points. Mrs. Geneva Craw-
ford, of the American Growers, Haines City, won the
third prize with 75 points. Paul Rohde, of Winter Haven,
and Edward Sullivan of Kissimmee, acted as judges. In
addition, the Lynchburg house, represented by Miss Morri-

son, was given a silver loving cup, which it holds for the
The closing day of the festival also was marked by
contests for children.
Ten thousand visitors at the third annual Polk County
Orange Festival today were in attendance at the cele-
bration as the second day of the program started.
Peter O. Knight, of Tampa, yesterday opened the cele-
bration with an address delivered at the Grand theater,
in which he manifested his continued faith in Florida.
Roger W. Babson, business analyst, spoke on business
conditions in Florida with special reference to Polk
County. He declared that Florida is the most solvent
state in the Union, adding that the present period of re-
adjustment would lead to more rapid growth.
Mr. Knight gave one of his characteristic addresses on
resources and possibilities of Florida. He ascribed its
claim to greatness not alone to climate, soil and geo-
graphical position, but also to its citizenship, which he
declared is the best in the United States.
Mr. Babson outlined his reasons for locating in Polk
County. He laid especial stress on its climate, natural
resources, water facilities, citrus industry, possibilities of
future advancement and type of citizenship. The theater
was crowded for the addresses.
Winter Haven is the logical seat for a great Orange
Festival. Around this city there are nearly 20,000 acres
of citrus groves, 83 per cent of which are in full bear-
ing condition. A million and three-quarters boxes of fruit
were shipped from its packing houses last season. This
represented over 10 per cent of the fruit in the entire
State and one half of the Palk County output. The leader-
ship of Winter Haven is undisputed, and her claim for the
Orange Festival well founded.


The first annual Highlands County Fair, at Lakemont,
between here and Sebring, is a success in every way, E.
F. DeBusk, citrus pathologist and entomologist of the.
University of Florida, and one of the judges, said today.
"This fair is selling the agricultural possibilities of the
county to the people," he declared. "Many residents of
Highlands County did not realize that anything but citrus
could be produced on this land. It means with this fine
start that next year will see a real agricultural exhibit
Of special interest among agricultural displays was a
series of exhibits of the products of "one-man farms."
Among the entrants in this division were Willard Bar-
hite, Parker Island; Bera Bassage, Lake Charlotte; Jesse
Vaughn, Spring Valley; Peter Moros, Venus, and William
Schlosser, Sebring.
Moros displayed 25 varieties of wood found on his prop-
erty, known as Bay Farm. One of his curios was a sec-
tion of a giant cabbage palm tree measuring two feet in
diameter. Another was a block of the trunk of a white
bay tree 30 inches in diameter. A piece of soft maple,
sawed through, showed on one side a map of the Arctic
zone of the world with the tracing of the map of the
United States on the reverse side. The slice of wood
itself, had grown in a shape very similar to the map of
Florida: Moros also displayed a tomato vine eight feet
and two inches high, bearing 79 tomatoes.
The communities of Highlands County displayed exhibits
in community booths, an extensive section of the agricul-
tural exhibit was taken up by citrus fruit. One of the

Florida Review 11

most notable of these was the booth of the Pittsburgh-
Florida Fruit Growers Association, of Avon Park. In the
center of this booth was placed a small orange tree laden
with golden fruit. A miniature ladder was placed against
the tree and a doll, dressed as a picker was on the ladder.
School exhibits and handiwork of women in the wom-
an's building brought much favorable comment. Work
of the pupils in the high schools of Avon Park, Sebring
and Lake Stearns was shown in interesting variety.
More than 200 birds were on exhibition in the poultry
display in charge of F. D. Palmer, of Avon Park, and
a number of hogs and work horses also were on dis-
play. The fair was given its colorful aspect by the usual
midway and carnival attractions. The exposition will be
open evenings and will continue through Saturday.
One-man farm exhibits at the Highlands County fair
held last week won high praise from the two expert
judges, E. F. DeBusk and H. G. Clayton, of Gainesville.
Jesse Vaughn, of Spring Valley, won first place; William
Schlosser, of Sebring, second place; Bert Bassage, of
Charlotte Lake, third place; Peter Moros, of Venus,
fourth place, and Willard Barhite, from Parker Island,
Lake Stearns, fifth place.
In the citrus judging, Sebring won seven first prizes
for oranges and grapefruit, winning 14 out of 19 prizes
in the 11 varieties, with DeSoto City winning the remain-
ing five.
For sub-tropical fruits, including bananas, papaya, pine-
apples, watermelons, etc., Sebring won 6 out of 11 prizes,
DESoto City claiming one, Lake Stearns two and Venus
C. S. Donaldson, of Avon Park, judged the floral depart-
ment, with 28 first prize blue ribbons for Sebring out
of the 38. Of these Mrs. F. P. Heifner won eight and
Mrs. Tom Mitchell four. Mrs. Tom Mitchell was chair-
man of the floral committee.
The women's department was judged by Mrs. F. Tuck-
er. Sebring topped the list once more with 44 prizes, and
Avon Park was a close second with 39. The art exhibit
was easily won by Avon Park, Sebring getting but one
prize out of seven. The judging in this department is
rot yet complete.
With 6,500 people more conversant than be fore with
the facts of Highlands County's agricultural greatness,
the first Highlands County fair closed Saturday night.
The exhibitors, before they left, had taken the initial
steps looking forward to the next fair in 1928.
Widely acclaimed as one of the best county fairs of
the season in Florida, the fair was a huge success from
every standpoint. The county commissioners, who, with
D. F. Canfield, J. M. Lee, Cyril Baldwin of Avon Park,
County Agent Louis Alsmeyer, sponsored the fair, are
united in declaring the fair shall be an annual feature.
County Agent Alsmeyer reports 3,968 paid admissions,
despite the cold weather opening night and closing night,
which cut down the crowds to less than a thousand for
both days, as against 1,640 Friday and 940 Thursday.
Friday's total was swelled by tickets for Educational day.
With several thousand entries, the fair drew from
every corner of the county, and 916 prizes were taken
home by the exhibitors, many of whom are already lay-
ing plans for a stronger effort next year.
Meanwhile efforts are being turned to the Tampa fair,
and from the exhibits last week. County Agent Als-
meyer has corralled a freight carload of stuff to be taken
to Tampa. These include forage crops, cane, water-
melons, a huge cassava plant with a fourteen-foot root,

growing strawberry plants, and other growing vegetables.
Harry Stodden, Avon Park, chairman of the committee
in charge of the exhibit at Tampa, has the booth com-
pleted and about ready for shipment to Tampa. The com-
mittee plans to show something entirely new in Florida
fair exhibits, and has been busy several months with
The booth was built in Avon Park by Dave Farnell and
Mr. Stodden, and the committee is zealously guarding
it from prying eyes until work of setting it up in Snow
Hall in Tampa begins.


The new Indian River County fair grounds were filled
with activity this morning and all through the day the
superintendents of the various departments have been
busily caring for the exhibits arriving every hour.
The poultry display promises to exceed all expectations.
The space in the newly completed woman's building is
taken to the last inch. Early this morning several truck
loads of fruits and vegetables came in for the displays in
the agricultural and horticultural tent.
Interest of the visitors at the fair will be largely cen-
tered on the exhibits in the new Woman's Building
located just southeast from the grandstand.
The most attractive feature in this building is the dis-
play of the work of the school children of Indian River
county. For many weeks the children in the several
schools have been industriously working on their exhibits.
Nearly one-half of the new building has been assigned
to the school exhibits. The center of the allotted space
is occupied by a large display stand showing the work of
the elementary grades in the Vero Beach schools. Upon
a platform across the south end of the building are
located the manual training, domestic science and cook-
ing displays. Demonstrations in these departments will
be given by the students every afternoon Wednesday,
Thursday, and Friday.
Along the east side of the building are arranged the
dis plays from the Wabasso, Roseland, Sebastian, and
Winter Beach schools. The west wall is occupied by the
displays from the Wabasso, Roseland, Sebastian, and
of the Vero Beach school.
To the left as the building is entered is the display
of the Solberg Music Company. Then comes the displays
of needlework, art and basketry. On the east side comes
first the Routh's display, then the fancy work and
domestic science entries.
The center space is occupied by the novelties display,
then a display of Vermont sugar and syrups. The florist
pedestal occupies the central space in the hall and is
flanked on the south by the big display of jellies, jams,
canned fruits and culinary products, including cakes, pies,
bread and other delicious edibles.
The interior of the hall has been beautifully decorated
and the rafters and cross beams overhead have been
prettily draped with Spanish moss and banked with palm
Twenty-five hundred persons joined in the celebration
of school children's day at the new Indian River County
fair grounds yesterday. The weather was ideal for an out-
ing and the program and attractions were elaborate. The
midway attractions were in continuous operation.
The women's hall was thronged early in the afternoon
by school children and their parents viewing the exhibit
entered by county schools. The demonstration by the

12 Florida Review

girls in the cooking and sewing departments and the boys
in the manual training department drew an interested
The evidences of the industry and knowledge displayed
in the work of the school children demonstrated clearly
the great advance that has taken place in public school
instruction in the past few years.
The uniformity of its excellence in the grades and the
several school exhibits indicated a well balanced course
of instruction through the county.
Deep interest was manifested in the poultry exhibits.
The beautiful exhibit of pigeons of more than a dozen
varieties greatly interested the children.
The midway entertained the crowd until the opening
of the free entertainment provided by the fair association.
The Vero Beach band played and nine free acts and three
greyhound races kept the spectators thrilled until the
"bag balloon went up."
Tabulating the awards of the judges and attaching the
red and blue ribbons to the exhibits attracted much atten-
tion to the displays in the several departments of the
Indian River county fair yesterday. Visitors seemingly
derive much pleasure in revisiting the exhibits after the
prizes have been assigned and comparing the decision of
the judges with their own private appraisals.
The awards in the horticultural department were made
by W. S. Hiatt, county agent for Palm Beach county and
for years judge at the South Florida fair at Tampa. The
offerings at the fair this year in citrus fruit exhibits were
considered very creditable by Mr. Hiatt.
The most elaborate display was that of the Indian
River products Company. The display entered by the
citrus exchange was not placed in time to be considered
in the awarding of prizes.
From their inception, the fairs held by the association
have been noted for the variety and exceptionally fine
quality of the agricultural and horticultural exhibits.
Each year has witnessed an expansion of the exposition
and a broadening of interest in the fair.
Selections from the products shown at the local fair
have been made for the county's exhibits at the state fair
in Jacksonville and at the South Florida fair in Tampa.
For six consecutive years, the first prize for citrus fruits
has been awarded to exhibits from the local fair to the
state events. Last year was an exception, the prize going
to the neighboring county, St. Lucie, from which Indian
River County was formed about two years ago.
The rapid expansion of the city of Vero Beach en-
croached upon the ten acres of land owned by the fair
association, making it expedient for the organization to
secure a tract of 35 acres beyond the city limits. Under
the supervision of the Secretary, George T. Tippin, clear-
ing of the underbrush on the new site was started last
summer and driveways were laid out through the tract.
The Vero Beach Kennel Club joined with the Indian
River County Fair Association in improving the property.
More than $100,000 worth of buildings have been erected
on the grounds.
The association reserved space on the east 25 acres for
the building of a half-mile racing and livestock exhibition
track. The tract converges with the greyhound racing
track in front of the grandstand, permitting the use of
the same judge's stand for all events on the track. Within
the track oval a baseball diamond will eventually be laid
out and other fields for athletic events.
The officers of the Indian River County Fair Associa-
tion are as follows: President, Waldo E. Sexton; vice-

president, H. G. Redstone; secretary and treasurer, George
T. Tippin; superintendent, N. E. Dale; directors, W. E.
Sexton, A. B. Michael, Donald Forbes, H. G. Redstone,
J. D. Edwards, Clarence E. Vinnedge, J. W. LaBruce,
Albert Schuman and George T. Tippin.


Nearly 8,000 persons crowded the fair grounds in South
Andrews avenue in Croissant Park last evening to attend
the opening night of the first Broward County fair.
Cars were parked for blocks when the lights were
turned on for the evening and a double ticket line ran
nearly a block as patrons of the fair rushed to the grounds
for the evening performances.
William Gomme, experience fair manager in Florida, who
is leading judge of the exhibits, state that, in his experi-
ence of more than a quarter of a century with fairs of this
type, it was the largest attendance of an evening for the
opening night he had ever witnessed.
The rush became so great during the early hours that
it was necessary to throw open both entrances. One ticket
seller passed over the counter a little less than 500 tickets
in 45 minutes, it was said.
The grounds presented a fairylike appearance when the
festoons of colored lights adding to the attractiveness of
the entrance and the midway.
Every tent was visited by the crowds and it was the
universal comment that the inaugural Broward County
Fair was a decided success, not alone from the attendance
standpoint, but from the quality and extensiveness of the
various displays and exhibits.
The promoters and managers of the fair are enthusiastic
over the manner in which the public greeted its initial
The midway, ferris wheel, band concert, and the charm-
ing performances of the school children afforded a fund
of entertainment for everyone.
It would be a difficult task to choose what exhibits
stand out in the wonderfully attractive displays of agri-
cultural products in the agricultural and merchants' tent.
The community and individual presentations of produce
raised in this county have been a continued cause of de-
lightful exclamation and surprise to everybody. Not only
those who have a knowledge of farming but even those,
whose acquaintance with farm products is confined solely
to their purchase, crowded before the exhibits and bom-
barded those in charge with a multitude of questions.
The beauty of the displays in this tent are enhanced to a
great extent by the booths erected by the merchants.
Those companies who have cooperated with the fair in se-
curing space for displays are being congratulated on all
sides on the excellent addition they make to the presen-
tations at the fair.
The Charleston and Black Bottom contest under the
auspices of the Chamber of Commerce, because of the
variety of the programs at the fair last evening, was post-
poned until tonight.
An excellent fireworks exhibition is promised again for
this evening.
Conceived by the newly organized Broward County Fair,
Inc., the fair contains a wealth of individual, community
and organization exhibits, the like of which never have
been assembled in this county.
Eight tents hold the fair displays, the first and largest
in the grounds containing the agricultural and industrial
exhibits. In this tent are the community farm exhibits
of Davie, Pompano, Floranada, Deerfield and Hollywood.
A miniature model of a drainage plan is in operation.

Florida Review 13

The agricultural exhibits of other Broward county com-
munities have been arranged with exceptional taste, more
than 40 varieties of vegetables being shown. Pompano and
Floranada have specialized on showing their excellent
crops of beans and peppers, while Davie is showing a gen-
eral exhibit of winter vegetables. Deerfield and Holly-
wood also have general agricultural exhibits.
In the school tent are the exhibits of hundreds of Brow-
ard county school children. Every line of endeavor, from
painting and drawing to model making and radio construc-
tion, is shown. Exhibits are grouped by schools, large
school-made signs proclaiming the location of displays of
the following institutions: Hallandale, Dania, Hollywood
Central and Hollywood Hills, Fort Lauderdale Central,
West Side and Southside of Fort Lauderdale, Oakland Park,
Pompano and Deerfield and Davie. Each night four schools
are given 15 minutes each to entertain fairgoers with
novelties, music or recitations.
Complete exhibits of home work made by members of
the Broward County Federation of Women's Clubs are also
shown in the tent, the exhibits being grouped according
to communities in the county.
A complete automobile show has been arranged in an-
other tent by the fair association.
On the other side of the midway are the poultry and live
stock tents, each of which draw considerable interest, The
Milam Dairies of Miami have a herd of 24 excellent cows
and steers which have won the ribbons in other Florida
fairs during the past six weeks.
Unstinted praise has been given C. E. Matthews, county
agricultural agent for the work he has accomplished in
formulating the original plans for a fair and for the devo-
tion he has shown in the execution of the project.
In this regard, Mr. Matthews extended his appreciation
to all officers, members of the association, exhibitors,
county committees, the police and fire department and the
Daily News for the cooperation that made the fair a
Awards of ribbons and prizes have been made and ob-
servers have stated that, for diversity of display, and
quality of exhibits and beauty of arrangement, few, if any
fairs of the type held this week by the Broward County
Fair, Inc., could surpass that which closes tomorrow night.
Crowds still gathered at the grounds last night as the
two previous nights and the general comment overheard
was that how few realized the wealth of agricultural oppor-
tunitity in Broward county as evidenced by the exhibits in
the agricultural tent. One woman was heard to observe,
"I cannot understand why we eat vegetables from cans
in this county with all that beautiful produce raised right
here at our doors."
The displays of flowers and shrubs, the auto show, the
splendid merchants booths, the children's and women's
exhibits, the work of the Girl Scouts, the band concerts, the
pyrotechnical display, the fund of entertainment will make
this fair an historical incident in the progress of Broward
The educational value of the fair was particularly stres-
sed by members of the organization and the possibilities
for agricultural growth and wealth in Broward county of
national import was emphasized. In this respect the
exhibit of growing plants of Cryptostegia Madagascoriensis,
the Madagascar rubber vine, which Thomas A. Edison
hopes will revolutionize the rubber industry and shake
the hold of British monopolies from the United States, as
the fair by the Hollywood Nurseries, attracted much atten-
tion during the opening days, according to Charles Olsen,
superintendent of the nurseries.
While the 'vine' is not a true member of the rubber- pro-

during family, Mr. Olsen explains, it produces a fair quali-
ty of rubber. Edison is now working on an invention to
extract the juice of the plant rapidly enough to warrant
manufacture on a large scale throughout the United States.
The difference in labor costs in the United States and the
British rubber producing areas makes the employment of
rapid manufacturing methods necessary, according to re-
cent statements of Edison in news dispatches.
The Hollywood Nursieries also had on exhibit at the
fair a large variety of palms, including Washingtonians,
royals, coconuts, Phoebix Canariensis and Cocos Paumosa.
Pines and crotons were also exhibited, together with aralia,
bougainvillea sandriana and the Crimson Lake bougain-

MARION COUNTY FAIR, NOV. 24, 25, 26, 1927

Finishing Touches Are Being Added Today to Make Agri-
cultural Display Best Yet Offered
With ideal weather conditions prevailing, the Marion
County Fair opened its gates this morning. Hundreds of
visitors poured through the gates and inspected the scores
of attractions that are expected to draw thousands before
the fair closes.
Virtually all of the exhibits were completed this morn-
ing, with crews of men still working at top speed to put
the finishing touches on some of the minor details.
The fair grounds are a riot of color and according to
the officials of the fair, this year's event should surpass
any yet staged here. The exhibits are said to be the best
shown here in years, and with the keen enthusiasm
evienced by those showing this year, the fair should go
over triumphantly.
The agricultural department of the Marion County Fair
is well filled with exhibits and exhibitors. As one enters
the first building, a large central pyramid holds attention,
showing a display of citrus fruits under the charge of the
county agricultural department and of C. H. Hiatt, county
"Your exhibits as a whole are the best you have ever
shown and the best I have seen in any county fair so far
this season," is the way Hon. Nathan Mayo, commissioner
of agriculture, spoke of the Marion county fair today.
Continuing, Mr. Mayo said, "You have as good a poultry
exhibit as the state fair in Jacksonville."
The community exhibits this year include Anthony, Citra,
Lowell, Reddick, McIntosh, Belleview, Summerfield and
Weirsdale, and many individual exhibits are on display.
The boys club work shows a prosperous condition with
over fifty hogs on exhibit. The home demonstration booth
shows the work of the girls in their club work.
The schools disclose a noticeable expansion and present
exhibits that could not be easily duplicated by experienced
adults. The livestock department outstrips any records
made in the past several years.
"Marion County in the Making," a pageant in parade
form, was a colorful event of the second day. In the his-
torical group, first prize was awarded the Business and
Professional Women's club, with second going to the
Marion County Chamber of Commerce. In the industrial
group, first prize went to the Mutual Building and Loan
Association, with the second to the Ford Motor Company,
and honorable mention to the Ocala Brick and Tile Com-
pany. In the community group the prize went to South
Marion Poultry Association.
Among the privately owned cars, first prize went to the
Daughters of the American Revolution, second to the
Women's club of Ocala, and honorable mention was made
of the United Confederate Veterans.

14 Florida Review

One of the main features of the Marion County Fair was
the hog and poultry show put on by the Club Boys of
Marion County. This was the close of the year's work for
the Club Boys and those carrying on the work success-
fully received their reward on Friday, the last day of the
Fair. This day was set aside as club day, and all the
boys, with their parents, assembled around the live stock
pens in the afternoon to receive the rewards for their
year's work.
Senator Gary, President of the Ocala Realty Board, pre-
sented the Poland China Boar, purchased and raised by
the local board. This boar was the winner in his class
during the Fair, and also Grand Champion over all breeds.
The winner of this splendid animal was James Perry of
In the Duroc class, Walkup Young of Fairfield, won the
Duroc boar pig given by the Duroc Farms of Byram, Missis-
sippi. This animal was presented by Dr. Therrell, Presi-
dent of the Commercial Bank and Trust Company of Ocala.
Francis Hackett of Summerfield won all sweepstakes in
the Boys' Poultry Club, and was awarded a blue ribbon
as the champion Poultry Club boy of Marion County, his
score running up to 98% for the year's work. Francis
won $71.50 in cash prizes with his fity-two head of birds.
There is every indication that the poultry exhibit this
season will eclipse any of previous years. Although the
building was enlarged 30 feet some time ago, there is
still inadequate cooping capacity for the vast variety of
birds being shown.
C. F. Harris, superintendent of the department, says
there is a greater variety of poultry on exhibit this year
and that some of the finest and rarest collection of hens,
geese, turkeys, pigeons, rabbits, ducks being shown should
draw a record attendance.
A bedlam of noise greets the visitors. The building is
attractively decorated with palms, palmettoes, pines and
vari-colored crepe paper. Evidently nothing was left un-
done to make the exhibit the most successful one ever
undertaken here.
More than 1,500 birds are being shown and one of the
largest varieties of turkeys, geese and ducks is to be viewed
by the great crowds which are expected to surge into the
building during the fair.
Most of the room is taken up by the exhibit of the
Marion county agricultural department, in charge of C H.
Hiatt, county agent. But the first booth belongs to Otto
Young, of Golden Acre Farm. Mr. and Mrs. Young this
morning were putting the finishing touches on a display
of fruits and nuts, all raised on their own farm. The
booth is very neatly arranged and in boxes as well as
against the walls are shown grapefruit, oranges, including
naval oranges, tangerines, kumquats, bananas, nine varie-
ties of pecans, and many ferns and flowers. Mr. Young
raises everything in the display and sells them in Ocala
and elsewhere. He has a number of special boxes of
pecans for Christmas use.
The department's exhibit is spread all over the hall and
includes many interesting displays. Miss Lilian Living-
ston is in charge and was arranging the final touches this
morning. Incidentally, it was Miss Livingston who had
charge of the entire job of decorating this and the three
other buildings in the color scheme of orange and purple.
The smokehouse seems to attract most attention. This
is a full size model of a smokehouse and shows a pig
carefully cured and suspended by wires, with hams hang-
ing above, and an imitation fire on the floor.
Behind the smokehouse hay and fodder are arranged in
bales. From one end of this booth, circling the building,
one will see a showing of honey, and citrus fruits in

aboundance upon a long table. This fruit came from a
large number of groves. Then, on the other wall, a frame
with bins shows peanuts, pecans, velvet beans and many
varieties of potatoes.
A center display in this building includes two collective
displays of vegetables that are really fine. There are all
kinds, including potatoes and pumpkins as well as egg-
plants, squash and many others. Across on the south wall
is corn. This takes in entries of 100 ears, of 10 ears and
of one ear and a great number of splendid looking ears of
corn are spread out on the tiered table. Bags of corn-
both whole and ground-stand in front of this table.
The department has also the center display in the first
room as mentioned. Two small rounded pyramids with a
large one between show a great quantity of grapefruit,
oranges and tangerines. The small tables specialize in
Parson Brown and Pineapple oranges.
Back of the citrus fruits is a cage containing a number
of beautiful birds.


The third annual Hardee county fair had an auspicious
start today. Interest was centered in the commercial and
individual exhibits and tonight found fair officials very
optimistic over the prospects for the biggest event of its
kind ever staged in this section of Florida.
With four days of the fair ahead of them fair officials
tonight laid plans to entertain the huge crowd of visitors
which has flocked to Wauchula for the event.
Tomorrow will find attention turned to the poultry show
being held in connection with the fair and conducted by
the Hardee County Poultry Association under the auspices
of the American Poultry Association. More than 900 birds
were in the poultry tent tonight and judging will take
place tomorrow. Prof. N. R. Mehrof, head of the poultry
department of Florida, will act as judge over 400 birds
have been sent in from Hardee county alone, while the
remaining 500 came from other cities and towns of the
state. Eighty-four birds arrived here tonight from Dade
City, with the arrival earlier in the week of poultry from
Jacksonville, Ocala, Plant City, Punta Gorda, Apopka,
Dade City Homstead, Newberry and Electra.
The commercial and individual exhibits, which have at-
tracted unusual interest this year, will also be judged to-
morrow by P. G. Clayton, district agricultural agent.
The 140 foot commercial tent was filled with exhibits put
on by local people and three other large tents used for
exhibits were also filled to capacity.
There are three individual one-horse farm exhibits; five
boys and girls club exhibits, and a long table of individual
exhibits. The exhibits of fresh fruits and vegetables at-
tracted considerable comment. There are watermelons,
cucumbers, beans, peas, peppers, cabbage, squash, egg-
plants, strawberries, celery and dozens of other products
of the home and farm on display.
County Agent J. A. Shealy stated tonight that he feels
confident that by next winter Hardee county will have
permanent fair buildings and grounds as the five acre space
being used this year is crowded to overflowing.
Judges of community exhibits and individual one-horse
farms exhibits and individual display exhibits in the third
annual Hardee county fair, being held here this week, an-
nounced the prize winners late today.
In the community exhibits, first prize, Bowling Green;
second prize, Popash; third prize, Zolfo Springs; fourth
prize, Ft. Green; fifth prize, Horse Creek.
Wauchula did not compete as a matter of courtesy and
due to the fact that the fair is being held here, Wauchula,

Florida Review 15

however, maintained a booth for advertising purposes, and
this was proclaimed one of the best in the fair.
The individual one-horse farm exhibits attracted atten-
tion and much comment. A. G. Brantley, of Zolfo Springs,
won first prize in this class, displaying sixty-two products
from his one-horse farm. Second prize, went to Ed Doug-
las, of Gardner, and third to F. G. Janes, of Wauchula.
Popash won first and Oak Grove second place in the
Agricultural club exhibits from the different communities.
The first prize for a high school agricultural class exhibit
was won by Wauchula. The live stock exhibit attracted
considerable interest especially in Jersey and grade cows,
horses and hogs, there being a number of excellent exhibits
in every class. This completes the judging and awarding
of prizes in the fair but everything will remain intact
until the gates close Saturday night, officials announced


(By Frank Whitman).
The annual meeting of the Volusia County Fair Asso-
ciation developed the interesting fact that there is every
likelihood of this event spreading to adjoining counties and
thus turning it into a sectional Florida affair. The institu-
tion has just passed very successfully through its fourth
year and has grown marvelously. The attendance this
year averaged 14,000 each day for the five days' duration
of the fair. Quite a number of noted visitors from this
and other states as far north as New York and as far
west as Iowa were in attendance. There are fourteen fine
buildings in the fair plant; 12 of them being used for
exhibition purposes. This year saw a new poultry build-
ing, a model of its kind, a new swine building and con-
crete floors and asiles placed in three of the larger ones.
The old poultry building was floored and used for the
showing of woman's work, which has been growing mightily
in volume since the first exhibition.
Twelve new stalls were added to the stables and despite
this many entries for the races were refused. Horse rac-
ing is held on four days, with auto races closing the event
on Saturday. Agricultural Hall, the first building after en-
tering the highly ornamented gates, has always been given
over to community exhibits from Daytona Beach, New
Smyrna, Oak Hill, Lake Helen, Orange City, De Leon
Springs, Pierson, Seville, Ormond and Clifton. This year,
despite unfavorable growing conditions, there was an over-
flow in this building of vegetables, fruits and field crops,
all the result of soil production In this, "Versatile Volusia
The poultry exhibit was one of the best ever shown
before at a county fair in the opinion of such experts as
Thomas F. Rigg, president of the American Poultry Asso-
ciation, D. Lincoln Orr, of the Madison Square Poultry
Show, Fred W. Otte, of the New York State Fair, and
others of eminence in exhibits of this kind.
To the steel grandstand was added a "bleacher capacity"
of about 1,200. During the feature events always held in
front of the grandstand seats were at a premium. The free
exhibition of notable circus acts is identically the same as
that holding forth at the South Florida Fair at Tampa.
There was easily a two-hour show twice daily. Taking the
place of the races at night wonderful displays of fireworks
were given. In one section of the vast grounds the carnival
attractions hold forth. These are segregated in a way and
there is no reason for going through them to see all of
the fair. The Johnny J. Jones Midway has always shown
here at DeLand at this Fair. The shows are clean and

attractive. The race track is a mixture of sand and clay
that receives attention all the year. It is credited with
being the best "dirt track" in the south.
Each day is a feature day of some sort and dedicated to
some section or celebrity. Children's Day, the opening day
of the fair, the school children of the county are admitted
free of charge. Capacity attendance always rules on this
day. The grounds are highly decorated with flags and
bunting. The planting of beautiful ornamentals started
with the first clearing of the grounds for the establish-
ment of a fair plant and today the Volusia County Fair
grounds is really an exquisite thing. In the center lies
"Wood Park," a memorial dedicated to S. A. Wood, to
whom the association owes much for its original start. In
it there are grass and flower plots, a fountain, Venetian
benches and devices for attractive illumination.

(From Lake County Citizen)

By J. FRANCIS -COOPER, Editor Agriculture
News Service
Considering the hurricane of last September, the cold
weather of mid-January, and the fact that the "boom"
period is over, I entered the gates of the South Florida
Fair with fear and trembling lest the exhibition should
not be up to the quality of past years. Once inside, how-
ever, this unnecessary fear was dispelled, and I could but
marvel at the splendid showing of the great array of the
state's agricultural products and indications of its possi-
bilities. The South Florida Fair at Tampa, February 1-12,
was more than ever a great agricultural exposition.
In the county exhibits, Manatee got off to an early lead,
but could by no means claim to be the whole show. This
county captured the blue ribbon on citrus fruits, the most
prized blue ribbon in the county groups, as well as first
on vegetables and sub-tropical fruits other than citrus. It
is no wonder that Manatee's canned foods exhibit took
first prize, for it contained 307 dTfferent canned and cry-
stallized products of very high quality.
There were more counties exhibiting at the fair this
year than ever before. Among the counties exhibiting
this year for the first time were Orange and Duval Orange
had an attractive exhibit, but not a very extensive one.
Duval had a splendid exhibit of dairy products, eggs, and
pecans, along with general and truck crops. Their poster,
"sugar cane, corn, and sweet potatoes grow to perfection
in Duval," was backed up by ample proof.
Citrus and truck and vegetable crops featured the ex-
hibits of Highlands, Polk, St. Lucie, Brevard, Indian River,
Broward, Hardea, Pinellas, Sarasota, Lee and Palm Beach
counties. To say that all of their exhibits were good would
be simply stating the truth without embellishing it. The
fountain of citrus was an especial attraction in the High-
lands exhibit. Pineapples were a feature of the Polk and
St. Lucie booths. Brevard's Swastika of citrus fruit was
attractively arranged. In addition to citrus and vegetables,
Indian River pastures and dairies were featured. Broward
featured ornamentals. The model farm layout worked up
by County Agent Shealey was an especial attraction in the
Hardee booth. Citrus by-products, such as citrus fruit
juices and canned grapefruit, in the Sarasota exhibit
called attention to one of the state's industries which
seems destined to occupy a more important place. In the
Lee county exhibit the display of samples of 72 varieties
of furniture wood was noteworthy.
As one spectator passed the booth, he remarked that
"Pasco county grows a little of nearly everything." The

16 Florida Review

remark was prompted by the exhibit, which contained a
great variety of products from citrus through general
crops, vegetables, etc., to pecans. Two stuffed hens an-
nounced that "they were laying Pasco Brand eggs."
In addition to vegetables and citrus, Hillsborough county
had attractive displays of strawberries and cigars, repre-
senting two of her important agricultural industries. Honey
and crystallized fruits were especially good parts of the
Volusia county exhibit, which also contained a good dis-
play of vegetables, cane, and potatoes.
Two hams each weighing 52 pounds were outstanding in
the Marion county exhibit, which contained a wide variety
of products, including citrus, pineapples, vegetables, hay
and general crops.
Alachua, Madison, Jefferson and Taylor counties showed
excellent displays of hay crops, peanuts, pecans, meats,
general crops, tobacco, etc. The little tung-oil exhibit in
the Alachua booth showed something of one of that coun-
ty's new crops. Jefferson county advertised itself as the
"home of the papershell pecan."
"We sweeten the world," was the announcement of the
Satsumaland exhibit, which contained sugar cane. This
exhibit contained also meats, pecans, and sweet potatoes,
as well as a few Satsumas.
In most of the county exhibits, the home demonstration
agent's display of canned goods occupied the center, and
it is well, for in nearly every case it was the center of at-
traction. In addition to the home demonstration exhibits
in the various county booths, there was a special booth of
the State Home Demonstration Department which con-
tained many things of interest to the housewife. The evo-
lution in the kitchen, with a model of an old-fashioned
kitchen, an arrangement of a present day kitchen with
necessary conveniences, and an indication of the kitchen
of the future, was noteworthy. The theory of evolution
was vindicated by the example of the evolution of a sack
into attractive aprons or children's dresses.
As usual, the part of the boys' club exhibit which at-
tracted most attention was cotton.
The exhibit of vocational agriculture in the high schools
contained such a variety of products that one would almost
get confused in trying to keep up with them.
That the negroes of the state are becoming proficient in.
agricultural work and the preparation of exhibits was
easily seen on a trip through the negro building. If the
meat contained in the Jackson County negro exhibit had
been entered in the open competition, it would have come
close to, if not in first place.
The poultry show contained a larger number of entries of
the usual high quality and wide variety. The livestock
show, as usual, was the weakest part of the fair, although
there were some good quality animals in the show.


Titusville, Fla.-Cities of Breward County are co-operat-
ing in staging the Brevard County fair for April 28, 29 and
30. The outstanding event of the fair will be the agri-
cultural exhibits of fruits and truck products of the county.
Decision to hold the fair at this time was made by repre-
sentatives of Cocoa, Melbourne and Eau Gallie after County
Agent W. R. Briggs explained that there would still be
exhibitable citrus fruits available and that the spring
vegetables would be in splendid condition to exhibit.
The agricultural features will be combined with general
entertainment features.

(From Perry Herald)

Says the Florida Review: "President William McKin-
ley, making his last public utterance just before he was
shot down by the assassin at the Buffalo Fair in 1901, said:
'Fairs are the timekeeps of progress.' No truer statement
ever has come from the lips of a statesman. We may truly
take the measure of any locality by attending its fair."
So it is that the Florida State Fair portrays the agricul-
tural development and progress of a good part of the State
of Florida. 'While the exhibits are largely from northern
and western Florida, yet South Florida counties also were
represented by very creditable exhibits, and the exhibits
taken as a whole showed a very wide variety of products.
In fact it was a South Florida county-Palm Beach-that
won first place in the county competition at the fair. Palm
Beach county took five blue ribbons, establishing a record
for the State Fair. This in spite of the September hurri-
cane, which caused so much damage to the county's agri-
culture. County agents, S. W. Hiatt and M. U. Mounts and
home demonstration agent Mrs. Edith Y. Morgan and their
co-workers deserve a great deal of credit for getting up
their winning displays.
Miami and Dade county were represented with splendid
exhibits, also, showing the rapidity with which the agri-
culture of the East Coast section of the state has recovered
from the effects of the storm.
Duval county got out in front with its pecans, winning
the blue ribbon over Jefferson by a narrow margin. Pecans
were one of the features of most of the county exhibits
and several of the individual and community exhibits.
Also Duval county's representation of Florida's egg- bas-
ket was a unique and interesting way of calling attention
to the importance of the poultry industry of the county.
Taylor county gave the best of them some keen com-
petition, taking several blue ribbons and many reds. This
county had a good general exhibit, illustrating particularly
the food and feed crops which are grown in the county.
When it comes to hogs and home cured meat products,
Madison county is without peer in the state. Of the 210
hogs in the swine show, 125 were from Madison county.
And a Madison County club boy, Russell Henderson, who
has become a rather consistent winner in hog exhibits,
Non grand championship on his Duroc sow in the open
competition, defeating breeders of this and other states.
It is the first time a club boy's hog has been awarded a
grand championship in the open classes, and, as Russell
says, it is something he has been working for for four
years. It is worthy effort well rewarded.
Several club boys were at the fair during the entire
time, guests of the Fair Association, and helping to care
for the livestock which was on display.
The livestock exhibit, other than hogs, was as usual
rather short. One thing that cannot fail to be noted
about these livestock exhibits at the State Fair is the
scarcity of Florida herds on show. With the exception
of the cattle exhibits by Milan of Miami and Pennock of
Jupi.er, Florida exhibitors were hard to find in the live-
stock classes. However, be it said for the credit of these
two exhibitors that their animals on display were real
quality stuff.
Getting back to the county exhibits, there were many
good ones up and down the line. Leon county had a good
general exhibit, the corn with the placard stating that a
Leon county man had produced 510 bushels on five acres
in 1926 being especially interesting.

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