PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHfy BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
November 15, 1926
President William McKinley, making his last pub-
lic utterance just before he was shot down by the
assassin at the Buffalo Fair in 1901, said: "Fairs are
the timekeepers of Progress."
. No truer statement has ever come from the lips
Of. a statesman. We may truly take the measure of
any. ocality by attending its fair. Here the achieve-
ments of agriculture, manufacturing and home-keep-
ing are on display. Here the rarest, fairest finest
products of field and factory, garden and grove,
dairy and flock, needle and loom, oven and cannery,
are assembled for the inspection and judgment of the
-Just now we are starting on the annual Fair sea-
son -in Florida. Beginning at Monticello and con-
tinuing through the winter to the fair at Fort Myers.
we have listed twenty-five of these expositions. They
deserve and will no doubt receive the support of the
Perhaps few of us appreciate the tremendous edu-
cational, economic and inspirational value of fairs.
We might better realize this if we consider that in
no other way do so. many people from all classes
see the products of a community, county or state
assembled. The average city dweller hardly has
time to know what his country cousin is producing
out on the farm. An increasing percentage of our
American people live in our towns and cities-
millions of them see our wheat and cattle, our fruits
and ,vegetables, only after they have passed from the
farm, through the market, the packing house, the
'cannery and the kitchen onto the dining table. It is,
therefore, good for those who do not by experience
and actual observation know farm life to attend a
fair and view the products which come there from
Few of us really know what our neighbors across
the fence are doing in their fields. Few of us have
really learned our county, our state and its products.
Too few of us have developed that community spirit
which we need to make us join hands with our neigh-
bors in service for the common good. The spirit of
individualism in America is all too manifest in our
rural: life. We need to learn the lesson that one
man's interest is all men's interest-that the coming
together of individuals, each with his handiwork,
makes mightily not only for personal initiative but
for wholesome mass action.
Let us plainly understand this point. We -recog-
nize the value of individualism. We know very well
the good it does Bill Jones to win the blue ribbon
for the -best pen of fat barrows at the fair. It estab-
lishes Bill in the fortress of independent self respect
-he has found himself in excelling all his neighbors.
His personal initiative, his power to achieve, has
been stimulated. He has become by his own efforts
a conquering power, a being with developed ability
to do things. But we submit that Bill Jones errs
if he becomes, self-sufficient in his own life and
reaches the point where he cares not for and learns
not from the work-of his neighbors and fellow citi-
zens, Tom Smith and Spuds Johnson.
; Let Bill Jones win the blue on barrows-let him
have three cheers and all -credit due. Take his pic-
ture and that of his porkers and put it in the local
paper. Tell the world that Bill beat a whole county
on hogs, added glory to himself and some splendid
meat to the world's smoke-house.
But let us join in the hope that Bill Jones and
Tom Smith and Spuds Johnson and all the other
boys will get more from the Fair than just the
memory of Bill's victory. For instance, what a fine
thing if these three neighbors might come back next
year with a whole carload of fat barrows, bred and
fed along the lines followed by Bill's winners of
this year-and that this carload would move up to
the big State Fair and win there and perchance go
on to the International at Chicago and win there.
Wouldn't it be a tremendously fine thing if Bill Jones
would thus lead others in achieving results WHICH
WOULD BRING DISTINCTION UPON A WHOLE
NEIGHBORHOOD OR STATE INSTEAD OF A
SINGLE INDIVIDUAL. THUS TXIE SPIRIT OF
ONE FINE MAN WOULD BECOME THE SPIRIT
IMPELLING AN ENTIRE COMMUNITY, PER-
HAPS A WHOLE COUNTY AND STATE, TO DO
TOGETHER WHAT ONE INDIVIDUAL MIGHT
NEVER HAVE ACCOMPLISHED.
FLORIDA'S NATIONAL EGG-LAYING CONTEST
Florida has fallen in line with some thirty-odd of
her sister states in the establishment of a National
Egg-Laying Contest. The progressive little town of
Chipley, in Washington county, West Florida,
through its pluck and initiative, has captured this
enterprise. Probably Chipley will get more. good
advertising, both inside and outside the state, be-
cause of this contest than if it had landed some vast
manufacturing plant. And we are sure that the pub-
licity will be good for Chipley and for the State of
Florida. We need manufacturing enterprises of all
sorts-including this particular kind which will turn
the eyes of our farmers to the need of more and bet-
Florida consumes around $20,000,000 worth of
poultry and eggs per year. Sixty per cent of this is
bought from outside the state-we produce only
forty per cent at home. In other words, out of
.every five eggs or five chickens consumed in the
tables of Florida, three are shipped to us by out-
siders, Yet we know that our sunshine and soil are
adapted to the successful production of these prod-
ucts on our own farms.
(National Egg-Laying Contest continued on page 6.)
2 Florida Review
ORLANDO ARRANGES ENTERTAINMENT FOR
MANUFACTURERS OF ILLINOIS
Orlando, Oct. 17.-(Tribune News Service)-More than
300 members of the Illinois Manufacturer's Association will
visit Orlando Tuesday, Jan. 18. They will arrive here at
2:15 on their special train and leave at 1 a. m., Wednesday,
according to an announcement received here. Plans for
the entertainment of the manufacturers from Illinois have
not been completed, but it is certain that they will be given
a cordial reception and every minute of their time will be
profitably spent, studying the industrial development and
possibilities of Orlando and Orange county.
With Florida as their objective, the industrial men from
Illinois will leave Chicago o nSaturday, Jan. 8. The trip
which has been arranged by the Southern railroad will be
made by the way of Knoxville, Nashville, Winston-Salem,
High Point and Charlotte, N. C. The tour will be under
the direction of John M. Gienn, secretary of the Illinois
Manufacturers' Association, whose office is Suite 915-930,
Illinois Merchants' Bank building, Chicago, Ill.
Entering Florida at Jacksonville, the trip will first take
them down the East Coast to Miami, then across the State
to Tampa and from there Orlando will be the only stop
on the way back to Jacksonville.
MANUFACTURERS STUDY FLORIDA
That Florida is to become one of the principal industrial
States is the firm conviction of Florida News-Bulletin. It
was not surprising, therefore, when announcement was
made early in October that from 300 to 500 members of
the Illinois Manufacturers' Association were planning an
inspection trip during the coming winter.
Now we are informed that the Cincinnati Chamber of
Commerce is planning a similar trip for Southern Ohio
manufacturers and business men, who have reached the
conclusion that Florida is about to have a real industrial
awakening. They propose to charter a special train for
an observation tour.
Chambers of Commerce throughout Florida should lose
no time in seeing that their communities-are included in
the itinerary of these two groups. Much valuable time can
be conservated by the judicious handling of this situation.
CANNING AND PRESERVING WILL INTEREST
Winter Park Herald
Capital will some day be invested in huge sums in the
canning and preserving interests in Florida. When that
day arrives, which will be before many years have passed,
Florida fruit growers and farmers will be the most pros-
perous in the world, for waste will have been reduced to
the minimum; nothing but the choicest of our fruits will
be shipped to Northern markets, thus insuring the highest
prices; glutting of markets will be eliminated, if ordinary
precautions are used; there will be no such thing as over-
production because when our crops are heavy enough to
threaten prices, our canning and preserving factories will
constitute a balance wheel or governor that will insure
safety. Of course, if distribution were properly regulated,
there could be no such thing as over-production, but we
firmly believe that before the problem of proper distribu-
tion can be satisfactorily solved, capitalists will have recog-
niized the opportunity existing in Florida for profitable in-
vestment in the canning and preserving industry and great
plants will have been established at strategic points, put-
ting out a fancy product, the demand for which, when the
brands become generally known, will greatly exceed the
supply. Already some canning plants of large capacity are
being operated, particularly for canning grapefruit, one of
the largest of which is located at Avon Park, and the
product is meeting with public favor. Large shipments are
being made to England and other foreign markets will be
secured as the product becomes better known.
.. Grapefruit, however, constitutes but a small portion of
Florida fruits that could be profitably marketed in glass
or tin containers, instead of crates or hampers. Oranges
and grapefruit can. he converted into marmalades, fruit
juices, canned peel, essential oils, etc. Other fruits that
could be utilized as canning and preserving plants are:
Guavas-Canned and made into jelly. Guava jelly is in
great favor and considered one of the finest jellies in the
Strawberries-Canned, made into jams and preserves.
Step into any fancy grocery store in the world and see
what you will have to pay for a glass of fancy strawberry
preserves or jam.
Blackberries-Treated practically the same as straw-
berries, They make fine jam and preserves and the fancy
brands sell for high prices.
Blueberries (or huckleberries)-While at present the
cultivated blueberry is not raised in such quantities that
the fresh fruit can be marketed at satisfactory prices,
should that time come, canning will solve the problem, for
the canned article in this particular fruit makes almost as
good a pie as does the fresh fruit. Who is there who does
not like huckleberry pie?-Dunnellon Truth.
FLORIDA THE PLACE FOR FACTORIES
Ft. Myers Press
Capital cannot move the rich soil, the sunshine and the
moisture of Florida to northern states. Capital cannot
deny that artificial heating of manufacturing plants in
Northern climes is a big factor in the expense of operation.
Housing, heating and clothing expenses of workers are
less here than in Michigan or New York. Florida has
health. Health of labor is a serious concern in the opera-
tion of factories. Sunshine is hard cash in the industrial
development of this state. Florida provides a greater
variety of foods produced throughout the year than any
other state in the Union. She has railroad, steamship,
truck, bus and air route service; she has 6,500 miles of
hard-surfaced roads, and is building another 1,182 miles
at a cost of $14,000,000 this year.
Industrial success in Florida is posted in her 2,500 manu-
facturing plants, with production valued at $183,000,000
a year. Capital cannot carry the Florida sunshine to the
North; the big chance for capital today is to build indus-
tries in "the playground of the world." Florida is rich in
natural deposits, rich in green growth, rich in her border-
ing seas, supremely rich in her forests, fibers, grasses,
Capital, study the opportunities in this long list of raw
materials for manufacture in Florida: Furniture, paper,
roofing, cement, porcelain, lacquers, glassware, chinaware,
insulation, commercial feeds, canned goods, tile, filters,
cotton goods, tobacco products, vegetable hair, buttons,
fertilizers, leather, awnings, tents, lawn furniture, art stone,
pottery, creamery products, acid phosphates, fish products,
oil products, kaolin and fuller's earth products, including
essential oils for sachets and perfumes and cosmetics.-
St. Petersburg Times.
Florida Review 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Nathan Mayo...........................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. Brooks................Director Bureau of Immigration
Phil S. Taylor.......................................... Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Fla., under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 1 November 15, 1926 No. 12
BETTER TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES
BRING GREATER DEVELOPMENT
The fact that development of a territory proceeds largely
in proportion to the availability of transportation facilities
is so elemental that mention of it smacks of the superflu-
ous. Nevertheless, it is so true that a statement of the
fact at this particular time should serve a good purpose in
Northwest Florida-for Northwest Florida is enjoying a
growing appreciation of development possibilities in this
territory, and one of the most urgent needs in this connec-
tion is increased means of transportation.
No better evidence of the fact that railroads and highways
bring prosperity to a section can be found, perhaps, than
right here in Northwest Florida. As one goes into the
various counties he has no difficulty in measuring the
progress in development. Condition of the roads almost
invariably is an index thereto.
Where the roads are such that travel over them is diffi-
cult and uncertain, developments are backward and slow.
On the other hand, along the well-graded, smooth and well-
kept highways, the farms have the appearance of pros-
perity, the homes are better cared for, and the general
appearances are more favorable to the passers-by. The
countryside is more attractive to the home-seeker, and he
has less of the feeling that his gas may give out before
he gets into a more promising looking community.
In such a vast territory-more than 6,000,000 acres-as
Northwest Florida, where opportunities are to be found
for development of every conceivable kind, the people
should get together on a concerted program, and work as
a unit. Beginning with Gadsden county and going west to
the Perdido river (even taking in Baldwin county, Ala-
bama), there is enough of the finest soils in Amerca going
to waste to feed millions of people. Situated as they are
in a climate where year 'round farming operations can be
carried on in comfort, it seems almost criminal for the
people not to throw their entire weight and influence
behind developments and push them to the limit.
First among these developments should be the building
of more and better roads, and to secure a railway along
the Gulf coast.
Nothing should be left undone to bring about completion
of the great Gulf Coast Highway In the shortest possible
time. Once that is finished it will open up new territory
and start developments that will bring a railroad to paral-
Unity of thought and action will accomplish wonders
for Northwest Florida.
CAPITAL FOR FLORIDA
"Unlimited Eastern capital is waiting to be poured into
the South as fast as investments in accord with good
business policies are revealed," Henry Morgenthau was re-
ported yesterday as telling Atlanta: "Eastern capitalists
no longer hesitate to make large developments in the
South. The Southern section is showing to the world and
to the investing public that it offers substantial returns to
capital on a practical business basis."
Floridians recognize the truth of this as regards this
particular state. Many millions have lately been and are
still being put in Florida in developments and for invest-
ments by leading Northern business men, something rare
a few years ago. Florida, however, can use much more to
its own advantage and with safety to the investors.
Proposing more definite steps to attract capital, the South
Florida Developer, published at Stuart, carries an open
letter to Florida bankers from R. J. Bell of that city. He
remarks on the present need of working capital in this
state just as in any fast growing business. He suggests
a meeting of the bankers and loan association men of
Florida to.work out a plan to bring in more money, "in
order that Florida may be able to supply the great need
for things which people from all over the United States
and foreign lands are demanding of her every winter-
homes, apartment houses, hotels, requirements of farmers,
He points out that "there are thousands of people in the
United States who wait to lend their money on good
property, and will lend it in Florida or anywhere else if
they know it is safe."
Mr. Bell pertinently observes that "If foreign countries
can go to New York and borrow billions of dollars, we
ought to be able to borrow a few millions in our own
The fact that so many famous financiers are already
heavily interested in this state is proof enough and relieves
us of any need of additional evidence that Florida in gen-
eral is the best and safest place for investment. What is
needed to bring still more available capital may be some
organized plan of advertising the state from the investment
1926 was to be the "poor" year in Florida building.
Compare the records of Florida's nine months (1926) with
the 12 months' record (1925) of the following. The total
building permits and the average per capital are given.
Iowa, Wisconsin, Nebraska and Minnesota, $40,495,179,
California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah and Washington, $82,-
Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Michigan, $225,678,539, $33.36.
New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, $397,402,755,
North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Missis-
sippi, Arkansas and Louisiana, $189,538,153, $56.89.
Maine, New Hampshire, Virginia, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island and Connecticut, $181,846,438, $64.34.
Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri, $165,924,553,
FLORIDA (nine months 1926), $193,847,300, $129.90.
(Figures from Bradstreet's Records, compiled 1925.)
4 Florida Review
EXPORTS FOR MONTH OF AUGUST AT
Export and import statistics for Florida ports covering
the activities in the month of August are announced in
the .rather belated, summary from- Tampa,. state customs
,headquarters, and are as follows:
Port of Exportation
Key West* ............................
M iam i* ......................................
Boca Grande ......----......................
Panama City .........................
*Included in above totals foreign merchandise valued
Port of exportation
Key West ...............................
Pensacola ........ .......- ....
Apalachicola .............- ......
St. Augustine ......................
West Palm Beach ................
744,000 FEET LUMBER LEAVE PENSACOLA
The American steamship Bibbco cleared yesterday with
a cargo loaded at Pensacola consisting of 231,000 superficial
feet.of rough lumber for Montevideo, Uruguay, and a cargo
of 513,000 superficial feet.of rough lumber for Buenos Aires.
The Danish steamer Anne Berg, from Tampa, entered
port yesterday for bunkers.
ATTENTION NATION'S INDUSTRIAL LEADERS
BEING DRAWN TO STATE
Tallahassee, Oct. 1.-The attention of the nation's in-
dustrial leaders has been drawn to' Florida mineral re-
sources, is the conclusion that is drawn from incomplete
reports of'the state's mineral resources showing an increase
.in value of 200 degrees in the last ten years, and just com-
piled by Herman Gunter, state geologist.
The incomplete report for 1925 now shows the total value
of mineral products to be $16,819,348 in comparison with
a. value of $5,000,000 in 1915 and. $13,939,289 in 1924. The
total for 1925 is expected to reach $17,000,000.
Ordinarily thought of as an agricultural and resort state,
the value of the major industries for the past year shows
'that its mineral resources bid fair to bring the state into
prominence in this direction.
The various classes reported on show: Phosphates, 2,929,-
964 tons valued at $8,789,070 for 1925 compared with 2,432,-
581I tois" valued at $8,017,476 In 1924; lifiie and limestone,
3,813,213 tons, valued at $4,534,884 in 1925 compared with
2,908201 tons valued at '$2,872,411i n 1924; crushed flint
and' miscellaneous tone, 23i,370 'tois iri 1925 valued at
$338,873 compared with 81,750 tons valued at $225,292 in
1924; kaolin and fuller's earth, 114,978 tons valued at $1,-
743,921 in 1925 compared with a valuation of $1,730,299 in
1924 for 114,978 tons.
LOG CARGO IS DUE TO ARRIVE FROM WEST
Pilots were today expecting the Munson liner Muneric
from West Africa with a cargo of mahogany logs, and
should the ship show up during the late afternoon or to-
night it will be assigned a berth on the west side of Com-
mandancia wharf to discharge the monster logs from the
African forests into the water, whence they will be leisurely
loaded on cars for inland transportation, with Louisville
for the most part as their destination.
The Mengels are the importers of the cargo, which is
said to be one of the most valuable Imported at Pensacola
in a long time. Some of the huge pieces have been squared
and this will permit of better stowing on cars and are
easier to handle.
The pilots were not sure that the steamer would be in
port today. In fact, one heard a report today that the ship
would hardly reach here until Saturday. In that case it
is possible the cargo will not be started until Sunday or
The Frederick Gillmore Company are agents for the
ship and on completing the discharge of the cargo, the
ship will probably seek a drydock. This is the usual pro-
cedure of vessels making the round trip from the States
to West Africa.
SEABOARD PLANS NEW INDUSTRIES
Development of Naples One of Projects of Company Near
Fort Myers, Fla., Oct. 19.-Announcing the intentions of
the Seaboard Air Line railroad to establish and sponsor
new industries in this section of the state, S. Davies War-
field, president of the road, has confirmed reports here
that definite plans for the development of Naples by a
subsidiary of the railroad company are under way.
The industrial expansion program, it was pointed out,
will not only include the territory surrounding Fort Myers,
but will extend north through Venice, Sarasota and Braden-
ton as well.
Connections for fast through train service between Fort
Myers and the north have been promised by the Seaboard
SUWANNEE SWEET POTATO DRIVE
: Suwannee Citizen
Among the staple crops for this county, the sweet po-
tato plays an important part. Statistics taken from Florida
where this crop is considered profitable prove its value.
What Sunann-e county is trying to do is to get the best
from her soil, increase the cultivation of her farms, and
convince the farmers that their part of the great game is
the most vital.
Within the past two years we of Suwannee county have
solved.one problem-tobacco-we know positively that we
can defend on tobacco. We have tried hogs and have
received favorable results. The time has come when the
farmer is not going to depend on one crop to make his
living for the entire year-rather he is giving the diversi-
fied crop his thought, and has become more satisfied with
'the result. If one crop fails, he has something else to
fall back on.
. Another main stay in the progress of our farming, that
which goes to lessen the inconsistency of the gamble of
dependence on one crop has been proved as safe and sound,
THE LOWLY POTATO!
The Suwannee County Chamber of Commerce has made
arrangements with Victor Blume to take all the different
routes leading out of Live Oak and interview each of the
farmers with a view of interesting them in raising Big
Stem Jersey and Porto Rico Sweet Potatoes.
The South is the natural home of the sweet potato and
the few farmers who have given attention to this crop
have found it a splendid money crop at the time of year
when ready money is most needed. Again Mr. Williams,
as'secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, is taking the
lead in a movement that will speak for greater prosperity
for Suwannee county.
OVER TEN MILLION STRAWBERRY PLANTS
BEING PUT OUT IN LAKELAND SECTION
Lakeland, Oct. 14.-(INS)-Ten and one-half million
strawberry plants have been planted in the fields of the
Kathleen section. There are approximately 1,500 plants
to an acre and there are between 700 and 800 acres in
strawberries. Farmers of this section have almost com-
According to the Live Oak Democrat a Jacksonville lady
announced recently that she had paid 30 cents for four
small sweet potatoes, and that in a state where sweet
potatoes grow almost wild.
Such a state of affairs is almost past understanding, yet
most of us have had experiences similar to that of this
Jacksonville lady, only figures being changed.
There is scarcely a place in Florida which can be culti-
vated at all that will not grow sweet potatoes. Despite
this, a large part of the sweet potatoes used in Florida are
shipped in from other states. There is no sense to this
for the reason that there is positively no need for it.
Arguments that it is really cheaper to buy some things
abroad than it is to attempt to raise them within the state
may have some force. It is not so in regard to sweet
Getting down to the bottom of the situation, we suspect
that the trouble is not because sweet potatoes cannot be
grown abundantly and profitably here but because we have
neglected to provide curing and storage houses for them,
to the end that the crop may be carried and put upon the
market during the time when potatoes fresh from the fields
are not available.
That is what is the matter in regard to a number of our
products. It would seem, as cheaply as the curing and
storage of sweet potatoes can be effected, that they would
be one thing concerning which it was not so.
:If. -she hasn't much to learn about it, Florida yet has a
,very great to do about providing storage plants for a large
number of her products. There are not many things which
she might do that seemingly hold. possibilities for so great
POLK COUNTY FARMER MAKES CROP OF RICE
Daytona Beach News
Lakeland, Oct. 20.--Ric- that will compare favorably
with and produced in 'the South was' exhibited here by
.WilUltm Gomine, head of the agricultural department of
there Chlimerbof -Conmmerce.. The rice was grown on half
;an acre by rS J McClure;,'of Socrum.
Four and a half feet -high, -with grains well filled, the
plants were unusually vigorous. The variety is known as
Honduras and is grown extensively in Louisiana.
Gomme said this rice makes excellent feed for chickens,
the grain of which is used, and the stalks make good feed
for cattle and other stock.
EIGHTEEN TOBACCO FARMERS ARRIVE FROM
As the Democrat went to. press yesterday we learn that
eight more. South Carolina farmers had arrived yesterday
from the great Lake City. tobacco district to arrange to
make their homes in Suwannee county.- -They will all ar-
range to rent or share crop until they have gone through
the present season, after which many of them will buy.
They are being piloted about by their former neighbor,
A. D. Gaskins.
This makes a total of eighteen new arrivals from the
South Carolina tobacco country in one week, ten other
farmers having arrived in the last few days, all of whomn
have completed arrangements to farm here on shares, or
to rent or superintend tobacco farms.
Another important fact with reference to these eighteen
arrivals in one week is that most of them were not in the
bus delegation but all of them came as a result of the
report of the bus delegates, showing how the good news
-of this bus trip continues to spread over the Piedmoilt
Mr. Gaskin, who is in touch with conditions in his old
home state, is of the opinion that by the first of December
so many tobacco .farmers will have come here from the
Carolinas that no farm in this county that needs a renter
or share-cropper who knows the tobacco and diversified
game will be or need be without a tenant.
Of course the greatest fact connected with this emigra-
tion of South Carolina farmers is that this means an ever-
growing tobacco acreage.
Among the farmers who have so far arrived we note the
Messrs. Weaver and Coker of the famous Timmonsville
district, one of them of the bus delegation, have arranged
to move with their families to the Formy-Duval farm near
Live Oak. -
Mr. Sturgeon of the Lake City district who will likely
locate on a farm north of town.
J. J. Mills, of the bus delegation, who came in Monday
and will settle on a farm near town.
EAST HILLSBOROUGH STRAWBERRY PLANT-
INGS PUT AT TWENTY-FIVE MILLION
Plant City Courier
With 1,500 to 2,000 strawberry plants to the acre, accord-
ing to- the method set, whether single or double row, the
Plant City growers have set between 17,000,000 and 25,-
-000,000 plants, this season.
This year's strawberry acreage has- been estimated as
about -three-fourths normal, according to local planters aid
shippers. The lighter acreage, says F. R. Wiggins, will
be because of weather conditions and a shortage of plants.
Acreage has varied in estimation from 15 per cent'below
average to the same above normal. Last years acreage
was 1,200. It is estimated between 1,000 and 1,500 this
6 Florida Review
Berry picking will start about the end of November, with
local sales for Thanksgiving. Extensive shipping will start
about the end of December.
From $5 to $10 per thousand has been quoted as prices
being paid for plants to be set out.
FLORIDA'S NATIONAL EGG-LAYING CONTEST
(Continued from page 1.)
Our average production per hen in this state prob-
ably does not exceed fifty eggs per year. Those in
charge of the contest at Chipley state that they ex-
pect the average production there for the year to
run around 175 eggs. This would be three and one-
half times the number produced by our average
Florida hen. Thus we may see that it is possible to
increase our average production of eggs TWO TO
THREE HUNDRED PER CENT BY USING BET-
TER BLOOD AND BETTER METHODS.
Entries from eight states are in the Florida con-
test. One enthusiastic poultryman from far-off Wash-
ington state has shipped his hens across the conti-
nent to take part in this test. Poultry journals
everywhere will carry accounts of Florida's entrance
into this fine work. We confidently expect great
and lasting benefits to result. The contest is perma-
nent, it will not end with the first year. All eyes of
those interested in better poultry will watch the con-
test at Chipley. From it may we get the inspiration
and the instruction that will make Florida what she
easily can be-a state known everywhere for suc-
cessful poultry production.
DESOTO GROWERS TO INSURE CROP
Enthusiastic Meeting of Those Interested in Potatoes-
Representative of Insurance Tells Details of Plan for
Insuring Production of Potato Crop.
At the enthusiastic meeting of representatives of the
Irish potato industry of DeSoto county held at the Cham-
ber of Commerce office Friday afternoon it was definitely
decided that the potato crop will be insured this season In
order to guarantee so far as is humanly possible that
farmers will not lose from planting a big acreage in this
useful and profitable crop.
Upon vote of those present, B. F. Welles as president of
the Chamber of Commerce appointed a committee to work
out the details of the plan and present it to the organiza-
tion. This committee is composed of A. J. Dozier, Lowndes
Treadwell, Harley Watson, George Leitner and B. F. Welles.
M. Stockton of the Hartford Fire Insurance Company was
present and explained the details of the proposition his
company will make. He emphasized the fact that his com-
pany will undertake crop insurance not to exploit the
crop. He declared his company has never undertaken any
insurance that has proved as popular as crop insurance.
He said also that it is merely the cost of the crop that the
company will insure.
"We have to have the grower put something into the
crop," Mr. Stockton told the men present. "All we can
undertake is to insure for approximately three-fourths of
the production. The seed and fertilizer is approximately
three-fourths of the cost of the crop. Wle want also to
be sure that the grower is going to do all possible to pull
the crop through."
The insurance will be against drouth, frost, hail, wind,
storms, insect pests and other enemies of crops and amounts
to insuring production but does not attempt to adjust crop
values. The grower is given a chance to make good on
the crop. The insurance is not for individual growers
but for the members of a group or organization, thus
spreading the risk, the association members to adjust small-
er losses among themselves.
The charge for the insurance will not be worked out on
a percentage basis but certain charges an acre will be
made amounting to about $10 an acre premium. Such
things as certified seed, standard grade of fertilizer, a field
man to oversee crop and approved means of marketing the
crop are specified in the insurance contract.
These general plans were set forth by Mr. Stockton and
details were discussed by those present. Final details will
be worked out by the committee named by Mr. Welles.
Another meeting of the organization will be held Tuesday
afternoon when it is expected one or more men who will
consider marketing the crop will be present.
SUWANNEE COLD STORAGE COMPANY GREAT
The attention of Democrat readers is called to the an-
nouncement in this issue of Mr. Edward Porter, chief
owner and manager of the new Suwannee Cold Storage
Company which has taken over the Suwannee packing
plant and will begin operations on or before November 15.
The machinery and materials in this plant are as good
as money can buy and are capable of handling 400,000
pounds of meat at one time.
Pork packing and curing will be a specialty of the new
company in view of the fact that Suwannee county stands
high in the list as a pork producer, the total value of hogs
produced in this county the past year having been $1,-
600,000. The reopening of the plant at this time and under
such competent and trustworthy management will be of
great benefit to the hog industry here.
Beef packing will begin about the middle of February,
which will also be good news to the stock raisers of the
county, who need not take their cattle outside the county
hereafter to find a good plant or market.
What will be of great benefit to the farming industry in
general is the decision of Manager Porter to arrange for
cold storage of all kinds of farm products, such as eggs,
vegetables, potatoes, or anything else that it pays to keep
in cold storage.
Mr. Porter has had much experience in the conduct of
public utilities and especially in ice and refrigeration
plants. His father for years was in charge of the ice
factory in Live Oak and the young man first learned the
trade in his father's factory.
He comes here from Fort Lauderdale where he was for
years connected with the management of the big ice and
refrigeration plant of the Southern Utilities Company
(later the Florida Power & Light Co.). As meat packing
is primarily a refrigeration problem, Mr. Porter has a good
start. Add to this exceptional executive ability and a life-
long record of honesty and square dealing well known to
the people of his old home town and county, Mr. Porter
embarks on his new venture with every assurance of
SURVEY SHOWS HUGE GAIN IN CAR
Commerce Department Releases Important Figures on Rail-
St. Petersburg Times
Showing car loadings and unloadings in Florida for the
first six months of this year of 582,517, or about 48,000 in-
crease over the same period of last year and indicating a
Florida Review 7
total of more than 1,000,000 cars this year, the detailed re-
port of the economic and transportation survey completed
recently by the United States department of commerce is
made public today.
In a summary of the report, which is made by A. Lane
Cricher, director of transportation field surveys, it is shown
that car-loading requirements for the last three months
of 1926 will total 88,346 cars, distributed as follows: For
October, 27,463 cars, compared with 28,399 cars in October
of last year; November, 31,032 cars, and December, 29,851
During October of 1925, Florida loaded 12,282 cars of
vegetables, citrus fruits, fertilizers, limerock, phosphate
rock, petroleum stores, while the estimate of loadings for
the last quarter of this year are: October, 23,987; Novem-
ber, 28,269 cars, and December, 31,682 cars, approximately
7,000 cars a month of this increase being due to the enor-
mous growth of the limerock industry.
The report shows that in 1925 a total of 9,962,200 tons
valued at $438,439,000 were handled through the ports of
Florida, compared to 7,414,000 tons valued at $372,830,000
In the year previous, a remarkable Increase of 2,548,200
tons and of $65,609,000 in value for the commodities
handled through the ports of the state in one year.
The details of the full report, revealing the growth of
the Florida ports in figures of first importance, shows that
in the coastwise trade, the state received 4,750,126 tons
valued at $258,886,861 for 1925 compared with 2,434,298
tons valued at $178,666,649 in 1924; while the state shipped
through her ports 2,261,596 tons valued at $108,630,999
compared with shipments of 2,074,152 tons valued at $81,-
596,506 in the year 1924. Coastwise trade is thus shown
to have grown from 4,508,450 tons valued at $260,263,155 in
1924 to 7,011,722 tons valued at $367,517,860 in 1925, an in-
crease of more than $100,000,000 or more than the increase
in trade with the South American republics in the same
Foreign commerce shows an increase of tonnage In 1925
for Florida ports, but a decrease in value. In her foreign
commerce for 1925 Florida imported 1,367,165 tons valued
at $31,290,075 in 1925 compared with 1,190,341 tons valued
at $31,126,149 in 1924; while exports were 1,582,814 tons
valued at $39,630,625 in 1925 compared with 1,715,548 valued
at $81,440,715 the year previous.
The table on estimated carloading requirements for the
last three months of this year shows that enormous in-
creases will be recorded for shipments of certain state
products compared with requirements in October of 1925
Vegetables, 191 cars October, 1925, compared with 31
cars in October this year; 408 cars this year for November
and 716 cars in December; citrus fruits, 1,064 cars October,
1925, compared with 1,167 cars this year, 4,849 cars in
November and 7,229 cars in December, total of 13,245 cars;
petroleum and its products, October of 1925, 4,744 cars
compared with 5,420 cars this year in October, 5,850 cars
in November and 6,482 cars in December, total of 17,752
cars; lime rock, October of 1925, 684 cars compared with
7,500 cars October of this year, 7,500 cars in November and
7,500 cars in December, total of 22,500 cars; fertilizer,
October of 1924, 1,220 cars, compared with 2,088 cars Octo-
ber of this year, 1,997 cars in November and 1,953 cars
in December, total of 6,038 cars; naval stores, 225 cars in
October of last year, 954 cars in October of this year, 760
cars in November and 915 cars in December, total of 2,629
cars; phosphate rock, 4,154 cars October last year, com-
pared with 6,827 cars October of this year, 6,905 cars in
November and 6,887 cars in December, total of 20,619 cars.
Washington County News
It is a well known fact that there are hundreds of acres
of fertile land in West Florida which are producing nothing
at all. It is likewise conceded that these acres could be
made to bring their owners a nice profit each year if cer-
tain crops were grown on them. Just what to plant to
insure an income has been a question of much debate, but
the following facts concerning the cultivation of black-
berries, which are presented by Mr. W. M. Jerkins, are
most interesting, and they should receive the careful con-
sideration and investigation of all who are interested in
putting idle acres to work:
"Everyone must admit that this is the natural home of
the blackberry. A total crop failure has never been known.
This is not true of sections two hundred miles to the
north or the south. Our natural wild blackberry ripens
fully in two weeks before the cultivated berries of other
sections and our cultivated berries are two weeks in ad-
vance of the wild berries, giving our berries four weeks'
priority on the market.
The California blackberries are now being marketed.
To give you a thought, I will here quote an article, or part
of one, from the Los Angeles Times of Aug. 22. "Costa
Mesa, Cal.-Charlie Davis of this place says he will make
$1,000 from an acre of blackberries this season, partly
from the sale of the boxed fruit, but mostly from the sale
of the juice, which he sells in jugs and for which he de-
clares he has a ready and growing market. He says the
compressor and jugging outfit are not expensive."
It will be necessary for berry growers here to resort to
Mr. Davies method of marketing the crop, for quite a time
anyway. As a great area will have to be planted and culti-
vated to supply the demand for fresh berries, and since
this is a natural berry section, it stands to reason that they
can be grown here on a more economic basis than almost
any other crop. If the farmer of this section wants to get
on the road to success, he can certainly do nothing better
than cultivate the natural food products, and not too many
at one time, considering the market which will be offered.
Blackberries will pay enormous profits with nothing like
the trouble and expense of cotton, with little competition
and the world for a market. Why not start the blackberry
as a specialty for this part of Florida?
Judge D. J. Jones of Chipley has had some experience
in cultivating blackberries. Mr. H. F. Pierce has had ex-
perience in other states. Mr. Robbins, with Pierce and
Stevenson, Chipley office in the Bowen building, has had
experience in marketing. Talk with these men and get
detailed data. They realize that your success is theirs
and will gladly give you any information they possess on
When our farmers can market cultivated blackberries
from one thousand acres around Chipley, those berry farm-
ers will be realizing about one-half million dollars more
on their thousand acres than they do now. Their lands
can be sold for more than five hundred per cent more per
acre than now.
And one of the best features of the blackberry cultivation
idea is that these happy results can be accomplished with-
in three years. Are you willing and ready to step out of
the old rut to the trial of one acre, and make it a go? This
is not an experiment. That stage is past, with others, and
was a success.
The South Florida Fair at Tampa is really a State Fair
and is one of the greatest and finest exhibits in the coun-
try. Try to arrange to spend at least a day there. It will
be a revelation to you. February 1 to 13 inclusive.
8 Florida Review
OVER 1,000 ACRES PLANTED TO BEANS IN
Some Bean Fields Already Have Blooms; Prospects Very
Investigation into trucking activities in Okeechobee coun-
ty discloses that about 1,000 acres are being planted to
beans, the crop being scattered all over the county. On
Sunday Nair & Stovall's crop of beans south of the city
limits contained blooms, while other fields are reported to
be blossoming. From three to four weeks after blossoms
appear, we are told, shipping will begin. Nair & Stovall
have-about 20 acres of as pretty beans as one would want
to-see, and several acres of cucumbers, peppers, radishes,
etc. In the muck lands there are many acres of beans,
Out at the new farms of the Farmers' & Dairy Company
at McNeill's still there are over 100 acres planted, mostly
to beans, but there were 10 acres of as pretty peppers as
one would desire to see.
Nair & Stovall contemplate planting 40 additional acres
this week, while-several others contemplate planting now
in a few days. Hough & Mixon have about 50 acres partly
planted and expect to plant 40 more acres as soon as
possible. There should be another 100 acres .planted out
at McNeill's still within a few days.
All along the muck lands on the lake shore will be found
truck farms from two to twenty acres, while in other parts
of the county many farms will be found in cultivation, with
beans the favorite crop.
Should the weather continue as it has been for the past
two or three weeks, Okeechobee county bids fair to market
the largest vegetable crop this fall and winter in its history.
Prices on truck in Northern markets are said to be very
high, with every possibility of the prices remaining good
due to the fact that Florida will produce a short and late
crop on account of the recent hurricane disaster. It looks
now as if Okeechobee county will be about the first county
in Florida to get beans and other vegetables to northern
markets this fall.
PROPERTY VALUED AT OVER FIVE BILLION
ASSESSED 750 MILLION
Jacksonville, Oct. 25.-The Wall Street Journal in its
issue of October 21 again offers concrete evidence to
demonstrate that Florida is in a class by itself, says the
Florida State Chamber of Commerce. The Journal, the
Chamber adds, has been one of the most consistent boost-
ers of Florida in the newspaper world for some years and
since the collapse of the real estate boom of last year has
published many columns of matter to prove that the state
still is one of the best bets in the country.
"Lest we forget," says -the Journal in its most recent
editorial reference to the state, "Florida gives its tenants
a state administration without need of a franchise tax, a
severance tax, a corporation tax, a stock transfer tax, tax
on intangibles or an income tax or inheritance tax. It
has three ways of raising revenue for state purposes-a
-gasoline tax; occupational tax and-ad valorem tax on real
estate and personal property.
"But with property in Florida estimated to be worth be-
tween $5,000,000,000 and $6,000,000,000 it is assessed for
state taxation purposes at only $750,000,000. And Florida
-does not owe a dollar, having no outstanding indebtedness,
.bonded or otherwise. Only early in July the governor re-
duced the state.taation 30 per cent. :-
No doubt these are some of the reasons prompting At-
lantic Coast Line's statement: 'No hurricane or other tem-
porary setback can impair the faith of the A. C. L. in
Florida. It has already announced that the extensive pro-
gram of construction and improvement it now has under
way in Florida will not be curtailed or slowed down. On
the other hand, every effort will be made to complete the
various projects as soon as possible in order that they may
be available to provide the additional transportation facili-
ties that Florida's continued development is sure to need.'"
FLORIDA TO STAGE NATIONAL EGG-LAYING
Regulations for Chipley Event Are Announced
By Prof. N'. R. Mehrhof, Extension Poultryman, University
Arrangements have been made for.the start of the First
Florida National Egg Laying Contest at Chipley, Florida,
This contest has been sponsored by the Chipley Chamber
of Commerce and will be conducted under the supervision
of the Extension Division, College of Agriculture of the
University of Florida.
The contest will start November 1, 1926, and will continue
until October 23, 1927, a period of 51 weeks.
E. F. Stanton, well known Florida poultry breeder, has
been appointed as supervisor.
All poultry breeders should carefully read the general
information and the rules and regulations concerning this
contest and make an effort to send a pen of pullets to this
S What Does Contest Accomplish?
1. Complete, accurate, and detailed records provide data
which are useful in working out the solution of many
2. It tends to increase the average egg production in the
3. It stimulates an interest in better breeding, which will
result in better hatching eggs, baby chicks, and breeding
stock produced in the state.
4. It will stimulate interest in greater poultry production.
5. An egg laying contest advertises the state through
the publication of the reports of the contest in poultry and
other farm publications.
What Does Contestant Get?
1. Opportunity to win the contest with all the resulting
favorable publicity that goes with it.
2. Opportunity to win prizes that are offered.
3. Opportunity to have eligible birds registered with the
American Record of Performance Council.
4. A printed weekly summary sheet showing the stand-
ing of all the pens.
5. Information as to how your birds compare with those
entered by other breeders.
6. An incentive to study methods of poultry management,
These are some of the items that should be of interest
to all poultry breeders and should be of such importance
that the breeder should see the value of the contest.
The general information concerning the First Florida
National Egg Laying Contest is as follows:
1. The First Florida National Egg-Laying Contest will
be conducted under the supervision of the Extension Divi-
sion, College of Agriculture, University of Florida. The
contest is located at Chipley, Florida, and sponsored by the
Chipley Chamber of Commerce.
2. The Chipley Chamber of Commerce furnished the land,
buildings, and equipment for the contest plant, furnished
the money to operate on and then turned it over to the
Extension -fivisidhn, dolfg6: of- Agriculture, Universijty of
Florida, for direction and supervision.-
Florida Review 9
3. All eggs will be sold at current prices and the pro-
ceeds thus obtained will be devoted to the operating ex-
4. Sealed leg bands will be placed on all birds by the
5. Weekly reports will be issued and sent to each con-
testant and to farm and poultry periodicals and newspapers
. 6. The financial records of the contest will be handled
entirely by the Extension Division, College of Agriculture,
University Of Florida.
- 7. Two pens, 20 birds and 4 alternates, are in all cases
quartered together in a single 12x14-foot colony house
with .double yards each 20x50 feet. Eggs laid outside the
trapnest cannot be credited to any individual hen. Such
eggs will be divided between the pens occupying the house
in Which laid.
--8. Shipping Instructions-Be sure to have tags correctly
labeled and bearing the name and address of owner and
to where coops are to be returned. State on shipping tag
the number of birds and their value.
9. All applications will be filed in the order of their re-
10. Registration-All birds meeting the requirements
laid down by the American Record of Performance Council
may be registered in that association under the rules and
regulations laid down by the organization. A copy of these
rules win be sent to each contestant before the end of the
11. Prizes-Awards consisting of ribbons will be made
as follows: (1) High pen entire contest, first, second and
third. (2) High Individual contest, first, second and third;
(3) Special merit for 200 egg hens.
RULES AND REGULATIONS
1. This contest shall be known as the First Florida Na-
tional Egg-Laying Contest conducted under the supervision
of the Extension Division, College of Agriculture, Univer-
sity of Florida. It will continue for 51 weeks, beginning
November 1, 1926, and closing October 23, 1927.
2. Each entry shall consist of a pen of 10 purebred pul-
lets of a standard breed and variety, with two additional
pullets as alternates to take care of mortality. The owner
shall designate first and second alternates. No further
replacements will be permitted.
3. An entry fee of $20 is required for each pen. Ten
dollars must accompany application and balance must be
paid on or before October 30, 1926. Failure to make the
second deposit will automatically forfeit the first.
4. The management reserves the right to reject any
entry and to kill and burn any bird or birds whose pres-
ence, due to disease, vices, or other causes, may constitute
a hazard to other birds in the contest; and the further
right to clip or cut feathers from the wing of any fowl
that may be troublesome to yard.
5. After the pen has been received and placed in the
contest, no change of ownership will be noted on the
6. No pen may be withdrawn during the period of the
7. The management will be in no way responsible for
loss by fire, theft, disease; vices or unavoidable accidents,
while every reasonable precaution will be taken to pre-
vent the occurrence of such losess. Neither the contest
nor any official of the contest will be held responsible
should such loss occur.
-8. Uniform care will be given all pens. Management
will be directed entirely by the Extension Division, College
of Agriculture, .University of Florida. Decision In all de-
tails of the contest shall be considered final.
9. All birds will be trapnested. The awards will be
based on the number of marketable eggs produced, while
all eggs, regardless of size, will be recorded on the indi-
vidual record sheet of each hen. No pen or hen will be
given credit for any eggs less than 18 ounces per dozen
the first three months of the contest and after January 31,
less than 20 ounces per dozen. In the event of a tie be-
tween two or more pens in the number of eggs laid, the
award will be made to the pen that lays the heavier eggs.
10. Weekly reports will be sent to each contestant and
such other reports as will be prepared from time to time
will be sent to each contestant, as well as to agricultural
and poultry periodicals for publication.
11. Two pens will be housed as a unit. Eggs laid out-
side of the trapnest cannot be credited to any individual
hen. They will be divided between the pens occupying
the house in which they were laid.
12. All birds must be shipped prepaid to the First Flor-
ida National Egg-Laying Contest, Chipley, Florida. They
must reach Chipley on or before November 1. (They should
arrive about October 29.) At the close of the contest fowls
will be returned to their respective owners at their ex-
13. The management reserves the right to refuse any
and all entries, even though the application may have been
accepted, to refuse any entry in which the birds show
signs of disease, or any entry in which birds are unsuited
to the aims and purposes of the contest. In case an entry
is refused the entry fee or such part of same as has been
paid will be returned. The decision of the management in
regard to all details of the contest shall be considered final.
14. A bird must have been raised by the person, firm or
organization making the entry.
15. Any bird arriving with any standard disqualification.
including weight, will not be awarded prizes, nor be eligible
for certification. The owner will be notified and allowed
one week to replace bird or birds disqualified.
16. Records will be kept on egg production, feed con-
sumption, cost of feed, value of eggs produced, weight of
17. Entries will be accepted from any point in this coun-
try or any foreign country. The management will accept
a competing pen owned jointly by two or more breeders,
provided, however, that the fowls be all of the same breed
18. All contest pens will be fed and housed alike.
19. Pullets that do not lay during the first five months
of the contest or pullets that persist in laying very small
eggs or soft-shelled eggs will be declared incompatible
with the purpose of the competition and accordingly dis-
All inquires concerning this contest should be sent to
E. F. Stanton, Supervisor, at Chipley, Florida.
500,000 CHICKENS NET OWNERS HUGE SUM OF
(St. Petersburg Times)
There are now more than 500,000 chickens in the ten
counties west of the Chattahoochee river, with a gross in-
dicated income of $1,000,000 this year, compared with 396,-
520 birds in 1925 and only 294,967 in 1924, according to J.
Lee Smith, district agent of the Florida agricultural de-
This is an increase of more than 100,000 chickens in
the last few months, and is just one more proof that the
big increase in the development of the Florida farms,
groves and truck gardens, starting too late to be shown
in the records for the 1925 reports, will bring to light
surprising figures in the report for the year ending De-
10 Florida Highways
....III i-= ..- .-- ;; .. :'
Several factors have brought about the big poultry in-
crease in the West Florida counties, Mr. Smith says. Ring-
ling & White have established the first unit of their plant
at Holt, to reach mammoth proportions; a co-operative
association has been established at DeFuniak Springs; in
a few months the Fishel poultry farm at Milton will be
a big producer of eggs and poultry; the Florida national
egg laying contest is planned for Chipley and has stim-
ulated poultry raising.
ONE TREE, ONE HEN
Wouldn't it be a splendid idea to match each citrus tree
in Polk county with a hen?
It is with considerable satisfaction that residents of
this favored section say that Polk is the greatest citrus
county in the United States, and with the renewed interest
in groves that is everywhere manifest there is no likeli-
hood of this distinction being taken from Polk county,
but millions of dollars pour into California each year
for poultry products, which is food for thought for not
only the farmers and citrus growers, but for the real
estate men, the bankers and merchants.
How about beginning a campaign to match each citrus
tree with a hen? Then if it should be agreed that the
idea is helpful to the county, we might match each tree
with a dozen hens, and we haven't said anything" at all
MODERN POULTRY FARM STARTED ON NEW
New Yorker Begins Operations with 1,000 White Leghorns.
Starting with 1,000 white leghorns, James L. Fitzgerald,
formerly of New York City, will add to his flock of
chickens at his new farm on DeLand-New Smyrna road
until he has one of the most modern institutions of its
kind in this section of the state, according to informa-
tion received at the Chamber of Commerce.
The information that another poultry farm had been
established encouraged the Chamber of Commerce, due
to the knowledge that such institutions are bound to be
profitable in a section which consumes considerably more
eggs than are produced.
Mr. Fitzgerald is housing his flock in what is known
as the "Weeks system," favorite of the poultrymen in
California. Additional housing for 1,500 to 2,000 chick-
ens will be built. The efficiency of the place is shown
on every hand. The farm is no larger than four good
sized city lots, the chamber reported, "yet such is the
efficiency he uses that he has space for the additional
The Chamber of Commerce made the following report
on other poultry farms:
"In what is known as the 'Tomoka farm' section, sev-
eral new poultry plants are going in or are already estab-
lished. C. D. Powell has built a house and plant on
which he is running 1,000 birds. A. M. Chalmers, on
forty acres just across the road from Mr. Powell, is start-
ing with 1,000 birds. C. E. Partridge, who has been run-
ning about 400 birds at Holly Hill, will move into the
Tomoka section and increase his flock in a modern plant
to about 1,500. In the same section, Mrs. E. E. Brown,
who now runs about 400 has already made arrangements
to build up a big flock.
"At the present price of eggs the poultry business looks
so profitable that undoubtedly there will be more to re-
port soon. The county has a poultry association doing
good work and a poultry advisor whose services are
free. This gentleman is C. D. Case, and he will be glad
to furnish all sorts of information to inquirdrs, if he is
addressed at DeLand."
CALIFORNIA CITRUS GROWERS SELL FRUIT
TO AID STORM VICTIMS
Officials of the Florida Citrus Exchange,- with head-
quarters in Tampa, have just been advised of the ship-
ment by California citrus growers of two cars of Sun-
kist lemons and three cars of oranges of the same brand to
five different market points to be auctioned for the Amer-
ican Red Cross Florida relief fund.
Two cars of the fruit already have been sold, one in
Philadelphia and the other in Chicago, at a net profit ag-
gregating $5,414.50, the citrus exchange was advised. Pro-
ceeds from the sale of the other three cars are expected to
more than double the sum.
Brokers, advised of the nature of the sale, are reported
to have co-operated effectively, donating their services to
the relief fund. Some of the buyers bought stocks which
they turned back to be resold.
BIG ST. PETERSBURG MARKET WILL HANDLE
CROPS OF LOCAL FARMERS
Treiman Brothers, who have operated a modern farm
near here for several years, announce that they have con-
tracted with Sanitary Public Markets, Inc., of St. Peters-
burg, to furnish them the entire output of their food
This announcement followed word from the owners of
the market that it will be in operation about the first
of January. The operating company is headed by A. L.
Gandy, of the Gandy Bridge company. Fred Blair, treas-
urer of the company, was president of the Keystone Se-
curities company which sold the stock in the $3,500,000
Vinoy Park hotel project in St. Petersburg. He is also in-
terested in Hernando county properties.
The sanitary Public Markets will correspond to the mar-
ket houses which are well known to larger cities through-
out the country and in which individual producers and
retailers have their own booths. The building is to be
250 feet long by 147 feet wide and will have booths for
approximately sixty retailers in addition to drug stores,
haberdasheries and women's wear departments.
Local growers are beginning to find markets in the
Tampa Bay area for their products, according to reports
from several producers. Last week the Mundon Hill
Growers League placed a carload of eggplant in Tampa
and St. Petersburg, in addition to having placed 250
crates of eggplant in the two cities earlier in the season.
C. V. Starkey, of Sunnybrook Farms, has placed sweet
potatoes in markets in the same cities, he reports. Dr.
J. O. Maner, of the Chamber of Commerce agricultural
committee, commenting on these facts, says ready mar-
kets will be found when growers demonstrate that they
may be depended upon year after year.
The joint committee of the Chamber of Commerce and
Kiwanis clubs, which is working out a plan for encourag-
ing agricultural development, is expected to do much to
help solve the farm problems in this county.
The expression "too much of a good thing" was never
more appropriate than when used in connection with the
co-operative marketing situation in Dade county, where
there are two associations of this kind that, with the
best of intentions to serve their own members, defeat
their own and each other's ends by competition.
Co-operative marketing is unquestionably the farmers'
best bet. Successful operation of co-operatives in Califor-
Florida Review 11
nia, Oregon and Idaho has established the soundness of
the theory and its practicability. Nowhere is it more
practicable than in Dade county, where the products of
the soil enjoy a monopoly at the time of their harvesting.
Tomatoes and avocados, Dade county's principal crops
after citrus fruit, are ready for market at seasons when
they have no competition from other areas. Under these
circumstances it should follow that Dade county growers
would be able to exact from consumers prices that would
pay them legitimate profits.
Due to lack of co-operation among the growers, the
contrary is the case. Instead of devoting their energies
to developing new markets, Dade county marketing or-
ganizations, of which there are no less than eight, in-
cluding two co-operatives, compete with each other in the
limited area of their operations, spoiling their markets
Approximately one-fifth of Dade county's production of
tomatoes is marketed each year by one co-operative asso-
ciation, while another handles about twice this amount.
There remains an unattached two-fifths of the crop, which
is sufficient to upset the market.
There should be but one co-operative in Dade county
and this desideratum could be arrived at through a merger
of the Citrus Sub-exchange and the East Coast Growers'
association. The immediate effect of a combination of
this sort would be so marked that the greater part of the
independent growers would soon seek to participate in its
Unless a co-operative controls more than half of produc-
tion it can never be strong enough to affect prices.
Dade county growers must get together if they expect
to stabilize prices to any extent.
CROSS-STATE PASSENGER SERVICE IS UNDER
(Palm Beach Post)
Fort Myers, Oct. 25.-A new cross-state passenger serv-
ice by bus and boat has been established between Fort
Myers and West Palm Beach, the journey requiring ten
hours and a half. Buses leave Fort Myers at 8 a.m. and
deliver passengers to a boat at Citrus Center at 10 a.m.
The boat proceeds up the canal to Moorehaven and through
Lake Okeechobee to Clewiston, where a stop is made for
lunch, and transfer to another boat at that point for a
further water run to Chosen. At Chosen a bus direct to
West Palm Beach is boarded, and passengers are delivered
in that city at 6:30 p.m. The west-bound journey is
Palm Beach at 8 a.m. and its passengers arriving in Fort
Myers at 6:30 p.m..
THE COUNTY FAIRS
(Lake Worth Leader)
The county fairs and cattle shows are one of the most
important features of our agricultural development, and
in spite of all difficulties that they encounter, they seem
to be more popular and more of a factor thgn ever before.
They run up against much more competition than for-
merly. Years ago, things were extremely quiet in country
towns, and people would go to the county fairs or nearby
cattle show because there was nothing else to do. Today
most of the towns have movies and various entertain-
ments and the people can enjoy themselves in their auto-
mobiles. Yet in spite of all that, the agricultural fairs
attract bigger crowds than ever.
These fairs please the people for many reasons. In
the first place they attract the support of the farmers,
because the latter feel the need of advertising their prod-
uct, and they consider these fairs a useful method of ac-
complishing that end. The effort they have made to keep
up these fairs is an illustration of the essential nature of
advertising, and the returns that it brings, and this prin-
ciple applies in all fields of business.
These fairs please the people of Florida not merely be-
cause they are centers of jolly sports and pastimes, but
they like to see the fine products of the farms and gardens.
Many of the farmers were formerly irrevocably wedded
to the old ideas of agriculture.- If their grandfathers did
their farming in a certain way, they had to do the same,
and they could conceive of nothing different. But when
they came down to the annual cattle show, and dis-
covered that more progressive people were doubling their
production by using modern methods, they began to wake
up-and a new idea entered their heads. Some cattle shows
may seem largely given over to fun and amusement, but
a lot of education is done there in a quiet way.
FLORIDA TO BE REPRESENTED CHICAGO
Tallahassee, Fla., Oct. 26.--(AP) -Florida's representa-
tion at the national congress of club boys and girls, to be
held at Chicago, will leave Jacksonville, Friday, November
26, Miss Flavia Gleason, state home demonstration agent.
has advised all county home demonstration agents.
All state judging should be completed as early as pos-
sible, in order that the state's national entrants are in
readiness for the trip prior to November 26, Miss Gleason
The Florida East Coast and Seaboard Air Line railroads
and Montgomery Ward and company, Chicago mail order
house, have announced offers for the outstanding club
boys and girls this year, the state agent said. The Florida
East Coast will give $150 to the outstanding girl and
Montgomery Ward the same amount, and the Seaboard
Air Line will send the outstanding club girl along its lines.
Miss Gleason outlined this year's plans for the judging
in letters to the county agents. A girl must be either a
third or fourth year one, and must have reached the age
of 15. The score card must show a 30 per cent record of
productive work accomplished this year; 20 per cent of
other club work; 10 per cent on club story; a 15 per cent
standing as a club member, and 25 per cent health.
Judging, the state agent said, will end November 8,
and all data must be in her office here prior to that date.
RAILROADS WILL OFFER LOW RATE TO
Live Stock Sanitary Board Given Assurance of Co-operation.
Tallahassee.-Further co-operation of railroads in Flor-
ida in the proposed transportation of high bred stock for
breeding with native cattle has been obtained by the State
Live Stock Sanitary Board.
Following the announcement of the Seaboard Air Line
that a sharp reduction in freight charges would be allowed
on such shipments, the Atlantic Coast Line has effected
a like arrangement. E. B. O'Kelly, agricultural and in-
dustrial agent for the Atlantic Coast Line, has announced
that his railroad will handle shipments of pure bred stock
between points in the Southern Freight Association terri-
tory at one-half the regular tariff rates.
The shipments, it was stated, will be subject to a mini-
mum charge of $7 per shipment, to apply on animals
of a value not to exceed $150 each, and when a certifica-
tion of registration for each animal is furnished by the
shipper, together with a copy of the bill of sale, showing
the sale price, both documents to be attached by the for-
warding agent to the way bill and turned over to the
consignees at the time the shipment is delivered and freight
12 Florida Review
The provision expires December 31. The territory in-
cludes points on and east of the Mississippi river, on and
south of the Ohio and Potomac rivers. ,
Liberty county is now making preparations for getting
shipments of high bred cattle, to breed with its dairy herds,
and the Seaboard Air Line has already assured that sec-
tion a substantial reduction.
GEORGIA CATTLE IS BEING FILMED
Pictures to Be Used in Florida Tick Eradication Campaign
Brunswick, Ga., Oct. 12.-(Special.)-For use in a cam-
paign to induce Florida to inaugurate state-wide tick eradi-
cation work a party of government experts and camera
men is making moving pictures of- grade cattle on the
open ranges of McIntosh county this week. Georgia has
been tick-free only a few years, but already Williams
brothers, of Meridian, have herds on the coastal ranges in
which half-breed Angus calves six months old are as large
as their six-year-old dams; the yearlings are attracting the
attention of the baby-beef buyers at the packing house and
a few two-year-olds challenge the admiration of western
The pictures shown in Florida will show Georgia grades
that are as good as the photos of western grades shown
in Georgia eight years ago to lay the foundation for the
tick eradication work here. The Williams herds range on
hard marsh, carpet grass hammocks and wire grass up-
lands, typical coastal open range conditions. Other Mc-
Intosh county cattlemen are buying Angus bulls, and Sape-
loe Plantation has introduced the breed.
The party doing the work in Georgia includes Dr. H. A.
Ramsey, chief of tick eradication work; Dr. Sim J. Home,
in charge of Georgia and Florida; Dr. T. H. Applewhite,
Dr. J. F. Fahey, of the Georgia section, and Messrs. Tucker
and Kelly, camera men of the Bureau of" Animal Industry,
FLORIDA AND ITS PROSPERITY
Florida's prosperity and progress are based on a solid
foundation. Notwithstanding Florida's recent reaction
from the wild orgy of speculation, a glimpse of the busi-
ness charts of the United States shows Florida's business
conditions as excellent.
With a regularity and consistency that seems precon-
ceived, Florida has drifted from the whirlpool of- dizzy
speculation into the swift strong tide that leads on to
substantial and enduring prosperity.
It is the circulation of money that turns the wheels of
progress, and the employes of industry circulate it more
than any other known agency. Millions have been spent
to make Florida attractive. Besides having created won-
derful skyscrapers, expanded mercantile establishments,
added ship lines and railroad facilities, extended streets
and increased population, Florida has created another rec-
ord in industrial development.
Steadily the industries are increasing in Florida. The
increasing population will invite greater production of
necessities. The success of each enterprise will direct
greater attention to Florida's industrial possibilities and
While Florida has made tremendous strides in the build-
ing of industry, the greatest era of development is still be-
fore it, for Florida furnishes opportunity for manufacturing
enterprise in-practically all its branches.
- Guided by vision- and faith, Florida is forging ahead to
greater and still greater prosperity and stability.
FLORIDA DONS OVERALLS
Heartening news comes from Florida. The people are
turning from real estate to land. The plow is replacing
the subdivision stake. True prosperity depends not upon
inflation of land values, but upon production. The state is
getting back into production. Florida took a gallant step
when she banished the "binder boys" and other real estate
sharpers from her borders. It stopped soaring prices, but
it restored the confidence of the nation in Florida's good
faith. And now the state goes back to fundamentals. In-
stead of placing exorbitant values on idle land, the people
are extracting real values from active land. The state
has unique advantages, not only as a resort place but as
a producer of essentials. Florida-in overalls-has a great
MOVING FROM OHIO TO FLORIDA SOON
Lakeland.-The Dial Tent and Awning Company, which
has been operating in Columbus, Ohio, twenty years, will
move to Lakeland immediately. A five-acre site overlook-
ing Lake Gibson has been obtained for the plant.
"For twelve years," said H. A. Dial, head of the company,
"I have been shoveling coal and combatting all kinds of
hardships because of weather conditions which I find can
be overcome in Florida and I have, after investigating and
looking over the field, selected Lakeland as the place to
move my factory and have signed a contract and have
issued orders to my company and employes to begin dis-
mantling and move to Lakeland just as fast as possible
and I'm going to stay here and be ready for them when
the plant and equipment arrives."
LUMBER INDUSTRY IS BIG ASSET TO STATE
Strongest Soft Wood in World Is Produced in Florida,
(Palm Beach Post)
That the world's strongest soft wood is grown in Florida
and that the production of the lumber will continue to be
a source of steady incoming wealth to the state is the opin-
ion of the Manufacturers' Record and other well-known
trade publications who have given a close study to the
Only a small proportion of the residents of Florida and
-even a smaller number of people throughout the United
States know that among Florida's greatest resource's 'id
assets is the lumber- ndustry,-It Is pointed out. Further-
more, those engaged in the lumber business in the state,
have presented statistics, compiled by no less an authority
than the United States government, showing that the Flor-
ida dense long leaf pine is the strongest soft wood in the
Many millions of dollars are brought into Florida annu-
ally to .be expended here as a result of the state's lumber
industry, it is'pointed out by the Florida Dense Long Leaf
Pine Manufacturers. And there is every indication that
the development of the lumber industry will prove a source
of new wealth to Florida for many years to come.
"The variety of pine native to Florida is stronger than
such hard wood as oak," is the statement made by no less
authority than the United States government, according
to an article in a recent issue of the Manufacturers' Retrrd.
There are several varieties of Southern pine,:ot yellow
pine, but they can be largely divided into two families--
long leaf and short leaf. Long leaf pine is the strongest
soft wood in the world, based on government experimentS.
Therelare several tests of strength. ,The iieost Imimtornt
Florida Review 13
one is "breaking strength," which means placing a stick
of lumber on supports at each end and then loading it
until it breaks.
Here is a condensed table, showing the comparative
breaking strength of various woods, compiled as a result
of government tests:
Wood Pounds Stress
Longleaf pine ................. ................ ..................... 8,630
W hite oak ............................... ....................... 8,160
Post oak ..................................... .................... 7,380
Cypress ........................... .............. 7,110
Elm, white ............ .............. ...... .... .. 6,950
Redwood ................................................ 7,000
Douglas fir ...................... ............. ....... 6,340
Black ash ......................................................... 6,000
Spruce ............................. .............. 5,700
Norway pine ............................................ 6,430
W hite pine ................................. ....................... 5,310
ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION OF IN-
SPECTION DIVISION DEPARTMENT
By J. HINTON PLEDGER, Supervising Inspector
The inspection division of the Florida Department of
Agriculture was created by the enactment of Chapter 10,149
by our last legislature, which consolidated the inspector-
ships of pure food and drugs, stock feed, fertilizer, oil
and citrus fruit, so as to provide for thirteen full-time
inspectors, and as many extra inspectors as might be
necessary during the citrus fruit inspection season. Sep-
tember 1 to November 26, all of whom are commissioned
and designated as "inspectors of the inspection division,"
and are authorized to inspect all commodities subject to
inspection as provided by the various laws placed under
the jurisdiction of the "inspection division" for enforce-
After the thirteen full-time inspectors were appointed
during last July, they were called together in Jackson-
ville for a school of instructions and the assignment of
territories. This being accomplished each of the inspectors
was assigned to the inspection of gasoline pumps.
Shortly before this particular task was accomplished, the
citrus fruit inspection season came on, and the whole
force was assigned to that line of work until the close
of the season November 26. Following the close of the
citrus season, the inspection of gasoline pumps was re-
sumed and continued until the middle of January, when
it became necessary to direct our attention to the inspec-
tion and collection of samples of fertilizers as provided
under our new fertilizer law, which became operative on
January 1. This work was continued for several weeks.
It then became necessary to devote our attention to the
inspection of grocery stores, and wholesale houses through-
out the state.
Conditions existing in grocery stores was readily deter-
mined to be of paramount importance. Therefore, one
inspector was assigned to the inspection of foods, drugs,
feed and fertilizers in each of our four congressional dis-
tricts, while the other nine men were assigned to gasoline
Result of Pump Inspections
During the year there has been inspected approximately
12,000 pumps, and out of that number approximately 600
pumps have been .condemned as inaccurate, having been
found to give short measure in excess of the maximum
allowance of eight ounces to a measurement of five gallons,
while something like 300 pumps were found to give slightly
in excess of the quantity charged for.
Result of Citrus Work
During last season there was Inspected by the 126 in-
spectors employed during the time a total of 1,088,166
boxes of grapefruit and 1,000,318 boxes of oranges, at an
expense of $64,676.90, which was $27,430,32 in excess of
the total sum of $37,246.58 received from the inspection
tax of 1% cents per box on the total number of boxes
shipped during the inspection season.
Since January 1st there has been sent to consumers of
fertilizers in different sections of the State copies of analy-
sis, made by the State Chemist, from official samples of
fertilizers drawn by inspectors of the Department, showing
discrepancies in one or more available plant food elements,
upon which action for damages, when and if instituted by
the consumers against manufacturers, located in this and
other States, would aggregate approximately $30,000.00.
Adulterated and Misbranded Foods
Since the first day of February of this year, there has
been condemned and destroyed by our inspectors approxi-
mately 15,000 cans and packages of filthy and decomposed
articles of food. Many of this number wree swells and
springers, while a small percentage of the total number of
packages destroyed consisted of cereals and fruits infested
with weevils, worms and excrement. A number of prosecu-
tions have been instituted in both our State and Federal
Courts against those found guilty of infractions of the law.
Numerous samples of other goods such as drugs, feeds
and cottonseed meals, and oils have been collected from
time to time, and sent to the State Laboratory for ex-
amination and analysis. Fully ninety per cent of all petro-
leum products coming into the State, is shipped in by boats
and discharged at Pensacola, Jacksonville, Tampa and
Miami. Each and every cargo of oil arriving at Florida
ports is met by an inspector, who draws samples and sub-
mits them to the State Laboratory for analysis. This is
done for the purpose of determining whether or not such
goods conform to the Florida specifications for gasoline
and kerosene. During the past year only one cargo of
gasoline has been condemned, and this was because it
failed to pass the color test.
Derived from inspection taxes on feed, fertilizer, cotton-
seed meal, citrus fruits and oils, we have collected the sum
of $91,214.58 on 364,858 tons of fertilizer (including cotton-
seed meal for fertilizing purposes), $62,365.72 on 249,463
tons of feed; $37,246.58 on 2,080,500 boxes of citrus fruit;
$335,638.02 on 268,510,416 gallons of gasoline; $39,809.18 on
31,847,346 gallons of kerosene, and $43.45 on 34,755 gallons
of signal oil, making a total of $566,317.53 gross collected
by the Inspection Division during the past fiscal year end-
ing June 30th.
It is of paramount importance that a law providing for
the inspection of weights and measures should be enacted
by our next Legislature, since there is an imperative de-
mand by both the retailers and consumers alike for pro-
tection which such a law would afford.
Our present ice cream law should be amended so as to
lower the standard for ice cream from 14 per cent to 10
per cent milk fat. Our present standard of 14 per cent
milk fat for ice cream is out of line with the standards as
fixed by other States, and a 10 per cent cream is more
wholesome than a 14 per cent cream.
The tax on citrus fruits should be raised in order that
the revenue derived from inspection service might be suf-
ficiently large to pay the operating expenses. Our pres-
ent standards for oranges and grapefruit have been ap-
14 Florida Review
proved by the Association of American Dairy, Food and
Drug Officials, and it is highly probable that they will be
adopted by the United States Department of Agriculture
in time to become operative following the close of our
next inspection season. In which event, there need be
no change in the law with reference to extending the
inspection season beyond November 25.
Since the edible condition of food products put up in
cans and other sealed containers cannot be determined
by a visible examination, and since numerous articles of
food have been found to be deleterious and in a bad state
of decomposition, where there was no outward appearance
to indicate but what the contents of such packages were
sound and wholesome, I would recommend, in view of such
existing circumstances and the further fact that no com-
modity of food stuff will retain its edibility and whole-
someness for an indefinite period, that our present food
law be amended so as to require that the year of manu-
facture shall be conspicuously, legibly and correctly printed
on the principal label of all articles of food put up in cans
or other sealed containers.
I recommend the passage of a law to govern the manu-
facture and sale of insecticides and fungicides; imposing
a license on such articles for the purpose of defraying
the expenses incident to its enforcement.
I would also recommend the enactment of a law govern-
ing the manufacture and sale of paints of all kinds, upon
which should be imposed an annual license tax.
Now, as a word of praise in behalf of our organization,
I wish to say that by and with the establishment of a
code of ethics, and a reasonably strict adherence thereto,
ours is a co-operative body, zealously amalgamated, among
whom no contention ever arises--since,
"In the garden of life there is no place
For the weeds of hate to grow;
We need the room for radiant buds
Of peace and love to glow."
At the close of the fiscal year June 30, 1926, the records
on file in the "inspection division" show a net balance of
$464,708.99, collected during the past twelve months.
The receipts and expenses were as follows:
Tax on commercial fertilizers......$ 91,214.58
Tax on commercial feeds.......... 62,365.72
Tax on citrus fruits............... 37,246.58
Tax on gasoline................... 335,638.02
Tax on kerosene................... 39,809.18
Tax on signal oil .................. 43.45
Total collections ................. $566,317.53
Cost operation citrus fruit law.....$ 64,676.90
Cost operation other laws.......... 36,931.64
Total expenses.................. $101,608.54
Net balance ..................... $464,708.99
EUROPE WILL EAT FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT
Citrus Exchange Completes Arrangements with Foreign
(Dade City Banner)
Tampa, Sept. 15.-The Florida Citrus Exchange took
definite steps here yesterday at the quarterly meeting of
the sub-exchange managers' association to go after Euro-
pean business on a large scale for the first time.
A special label was endorsed to be used-on all fruit for
export shipment. H. B. Noomaw, of London, with sales
representatives in the principal marketing centers of Eu-
rope, was named European representative of the exchange.
Although the Florida exchange began shipping to Europe
last season, this is the first time that foreign business has
been opened on a large scale, and the European markets
are expected to take the entire boxed surplus of Florida
With the adoption of the special label, to be standard on
fruit from every member house of the exchange and to
feature the brand "Seald-Sweet," Florida grapefruit, already
famous as "the American breakfast fruit," will become In-
In addition to the exchange's organization in the state,
the appointment of Mr. Noomaw as European representa-
tive means that Florida citrus growers will virtually have
an international organization with its branches on both
continents. The Noomaw organization, It was explained
at the meeting, is probably the largest and most efficient
of its kind in the world. It has been handling oranges for
California in Europe for a number of years, but it was
pointed out that the Florida exchange will put only grape-
fruit on the European market for the present, and the two
accounts will not conflict.
THE CITRUS RACE
(St. Petersburg Times)
Florida and California are running a race in the citrus
industry which promises to affect the whole future of the
orange and grapefruit markets in the United States. A
close-up vision of the race is given in a survey of the in-
dustry in Florida by A. H. Pratt of Orlando and a like sur-
vey just completed for California. These show that Florida
toed the mark first; that California has been setting the
pace in oranges, Florida in grapefruit, and that this state
is just now marshaling its reserves to cross the finish tape
for in the lead in both.
This victory seems to be certain, because of the 17,500,-
000 orange and grapefruit trees in Florida, one-half the
total are yet to come into bearing. This state, in fact, has
one-third as many trees to come into bearing as California
has in its entire acreage planted to citrus trees.
As the competition stands today, California has 19,500,000
citrus trees. Including lemons, grapefruit and oranges, the
total in California is in round numbers 2,000,000 more trees
than are planted in the groves of Florida. Of the 19,500,000
California trees, 13,800,000 oranges are now in bearing,
while Florida has only 7,300,000 orange trees which have
reached the commercial bearing age. This leaves more
than 6,000,000 orange trees to come into bearing here while
California has only one-fifth that number of young trees.
The comparative youth of the orange trees in Florida
is reflected in comparative figures for shipments. Cali-
fornia will ship about 50,000 cars of oranges this season,
on an average of 450 boxes to the car, or 22,500,000 boxes,
an average yield of 1.6 boxes per tree. Florida shipped
8,200,000 boxes of oranges from 7,300,000 trees in 1925-1926
season, an average of 1.1 boxes per tree.
Many of the finest and largest of the Florida orange
groves are just coming into the bearing age. The increase
of shipments in this state will therefore be very marked,
while California, with only 1,500,000 trees coming on, will
show only slight increases from year to year.
Moreover, Florida has the grapefruit industry practically
in her own hands in this country. The state has 3,000,000
grapefruit trees in bearing and another 1,000,000 coming to
bearing age. The 6,500,000 boxes packed last season showed
an average of two and one-eighth boxes per tree, raising
the average box of citrus fruit per tree over that of Cali-
Many large new groves are being planted this year in
Florida, so that unless California takes on a new campaign
of planting, this state will not only lead in grapefruit, but
. Florida Review 15
its total of citrus trees will overtake California, with pros-
pects of leading both in oranges and grapefruit in a very
In no event are California and Florida true competitors
in the 'citrus industry. Florida grows and markets the
early Bronson Brown and many other early bud varieties
of oranges; it is making rapid strides in the satsuma,
loquat and kumquat, and its pineapple and Valencia oranges
are heavy with juice, thin of rind and sweet. California
has only two chief varieties, the Valencia and the Tulares
Navel. Much of its crop is competitive only in the season
that is nearing its end in this state.
DRIED ORANGE JUICE RICH IN VITAMINS
(Crystal River Herald)
Florida is in a position to develop another important
industry in connection with its great citrus crop, believes
the Pensacola Journal. -Recent..experiments, it is stated,
show that dried orange juice will retain its health-giving
vitamins for long periods of time, and that packages of
orange powder probably will -form an essential part of
ship supplies of the future. The Journal states that if
orange juice can be commercially dried and preserved for
any great length of time and again converted into its
palatable and health-giving form, Florida should be able
to use the lower grades for that purpose and thus create
a profitable industry.-Manufacturers' Record.
Florida State Marketing Bureau-Offices at Jackson-
ville; Hon. L. M. Rhodes, commissioner. In co-operation
with the Bureau of Agricultural Economics at Washing-
ton, it provides, free of charge, daily reports on market
Florida Agricultural Extension Service--Ieadquarters
at Gainesville; Hon. Wilmon Newell, director; Prof. John
M. Scott, assistant director. Conducts research and ex-
perimental work on Florida farming problems.
Florida State Horticultural Society-L. B. Skinner,
Dunedin, president; Bayard F. Floyd, Davenport, secretary.
Holds annual meeting and issues proceedings with latest
information on tropical and sub-tropical fruit subject.
Florida Grape Growers' Association-Prof. E. L. Lord,
Gainesville, president; N. G. Nicoll, Bartow, secretary.
Holds annual and semi-annual grape conventions and
Florida Banana Growers' Association-Headquarters at
Sebring; Dr. J. C. Crist, president; A. F. Furman, secre-
tary and field engineer. Assists member growers In
problems of banana growing.
American Poultry Association of Florida-Earl Brown,
DeLand, president; H. C. Hull, Dade City, secretary.
Disseminates information on Florida poultry subjects.
Florida Baby Chick Association-B. K. Pancoast, Seff-
ner, president; H. E. Bunker, Jacksonville, secretary. A
good organization to consult in purchasing baby chicks.
Florida Certified Farms* Association-Headquarters at
Orlando; Bronson Batchelor, president; Paul Thomas, sec-
retary. Association of farm developers to assist new farm
MANATEE COUNTY FRUIT TREES IN AFRICA CIGAR BOXES MADE AT EIGHT FLORIDA
If you happen to be in Freetown, Sierra'Leone in about
five years from now, be sure and ask the agricultural
commissioner of lands and forests to take you out in the
citrus and avocado groves. There you will find fruit,
growing on trees which came from the "Land of Manatee."
Perhaps Freetown doesn't happen to be on your list of
shopping places or in the new telephone directory-any-
way, Freetown, Sierra Leone is a British possession in
Reasoner Brothers' Royal Palm Nurseries recently had
quite a large order for citrus and avocado trees from
the British government, to be shipped to the commissioner
of agriculture, lands and forests department at Freetown,
Sierra Leone. The shipment went forth about two months
ago and a letter has just been received by the nurseries
telling of the safe arrival and satisfactory condition of
It is interesting to know that Manatee county nursery
stock goes to all parts of the world-even to far away
THESE CAN HELP NEW FARMERS TO GET
(South Florida Developer)
Florida has a number of organizations and services to
assist its established farmers and new settlers with their
problems. Here is a description of those whose operations
are more general throughout the state, and the work in
which they are engaged:
Florida Department of Agriculture-Offices at Talla-
hassee; Hon. Nathan Mayo, commissioner. Gives out in-
formation of a general character on Florida farming.
Distributes free quarterly bulletins dealing with poultry,
dairying and general fruit and truck crop subjects.
(Vero Beach Press)
Tallahassee, Fla., Oct. 8.-(AP)-Florida operated eight
of 155 establishments in the country engaged in the manu-
facture of wooden cigar boxes during 1925, according to
a report from the United States Department of Commerce.
The 155 plants reported a production last year valued at
$12,924,806, or a decrease from 1923, the last preceding
census year, which was $14,796,255.
200 ACRES OF CITRUS TREES ARE SALVAGED
State Plant Crew Returns to Gainesville Following Work
(Fort Lauderdale News)
The salvaging of 200 acres of citrus trees by men under
the direction of the state plant board practically completes
the work of plant salvaging on the farms of this county.
it was announced Tuesday by Charles Matthews, county
The work of salvaging citrus trees injured by the hurri-
cane has been carried on-for-nearly-three weeks with the
result that 200 acres of citrus trees and plants were sal-
vaged out of a possible 400 acres affected.
It is expected, Mr. Matthews said, that the work will be
completed on Tuesday and the salvage corps will return to
Gainesville to its headquarters at the state university.
Mr. Matthews definitely stated that there was no pos-
sibility of any citrus crop in Broward county this year
and doubted that more than ten barrels would be produced
here this year.
The hurricane did extensive damage not only to fruit
crops but to the trees themselves and it has been the ef-
fort of the state agricultural department to salvage and
save the trees and plants which had not been entirely
destroyed by the winds and water.
16 Florida Review
NO ROOM FOR FARM LAND CROOKS
"There is no place in Florida for the crooked farm lands
promoter," said L. A. Smartt, of Lakeland, chairman of the
agricultural bureau of the Florida Association of Real Es-
tate Boards, in a statement published in the Times-Union
one day last week. Mr. Smartt, speaking for honest real
estate dealers in Florida, is entirely correct in what he
says, as above quoted, and in the following paragraph:
"This committee means business. The public realizes the
importance of this subject and the realtors of the State are
willing to take the initiative in the work. They have as-
sumed the responsibility and have outlined a big program.
We will attempt to co-ordinate the efforts of every organiza-
tion having an agricultural committee and are in close touch
with the Commissioner of Agriculture, State Marketing Bu-
reau, the State Chamber of Commerce, State Bankers' Asso-
ciation and others. If they all agree upon a line of action
and co-operate in carrying it out, there is no question as to
As indicated in the foregoing quoted passage from Mr.
Smartt's statement, the Florida Association of Real Estate
Boards is not all of the organization that proposes to deal
with dishonest developers, promoters of farm-land sales,
whether they be handlers of one-acre, five-acre, forty-acre or
thousand-acre tracts. It is just as possible to wrong the
buyer of a small tract of Florida land as to injure the pur-
chaser of large acreage; with this difference--the small-
tract buyers are more numerous than those who invest in
larger acreage, hence the opportunity to wrong more people
in the former class than in the latter. More than that, the
small-acreage purchaser is likely to invest "his all" in land,
although only an acrea or two, while the big land buyers
usually has a reserve. To deal with these several classes
the Association of Real Estate Boards is soliciting the co-
operation of other organizations and agencies throughout
the State, as told by Mr. Smartt. Co-operative work is to be
undertaken, must be done if it is to prove effective.
SHarm of great magnitude can and will come to Florida if
wild speculation in, and dishonest handling of, Florida farm
land is permitted. In the past, considerable harm was done
to Florida's agricultural development by dishonest dealers
whose sole purpose was to sell land, regardless of what hap-
pened to the purchasers.
It is the purpose of the organization referred to here to
give full measure of protection to Florida farm land buyers,
and at the same time to give to speculators what they de-
serve-punishment according to law, if they are crooked.
This, it is realized, is necessary to be done if honest, well-
intentioned people are to be encouraged to become the own-
ers of Florida farm lands, to become cultivators and pro-
ducers. Also, the reputation of the State is at stake. Flor-
ida cannot afford to give farm land crooks free foot any-
where within its boundaries.
THE FUTURE OF FLORIDA
Plant City Courier.
Those who, regarding only the back-washes from the
feverish Florida boomn of the last two years, have been pre-
dicting the passing of that State's prosperity are but casual
and ill-informed, without understanding the rich resources
of Florida and the natural attractions of her location, cli-
mate and facilities for rest, recreation and healthy living.
These are inexhaustible and beyond the reach of robbery
Men of discernment, of cold, business acumen, skilled in-
vestors of capital, who know what the average American
wants and will buy, are putting their seasoned judgments of
Florida's future against the predictions of routed wild-
catters and cleaned-out "come-ons," who tried to make mil-
lions overnight in blueprint town lots filled with sand dunes
and dwarf palmetto. Such men as Warfield, Babson, Stat-
ler, Firestone, Ford and Collier have reputations for hon-
esty, horse sense and business integrity that no one of them
would sacrifice for all the real estate in Florida. They say
Florida will go right on developing and prospering to be-
come one of the foremost and most popular resort and pro-
ducing commonwealths of the nation. Georgians will hear
their testimony with satisfaction, for Florida is so joined td
Georgia in geography, common sentiment and common inter-
ests that the prosperity of either necessarily affects the
other. The mutuality of their progress is inevitable and
when the caller of the on-going reel of prosperity cries
"Swing your partner," Georgia and Florida will catch hands
and laugh happily in each other's glowing face.-Atlanta
ROUND WORMS IN POULTRY
With the coming of summer and with more young chicks
on the range, round worms will begin to give trouble in the
young poultry flock, according to N. R. Mehrhof, poultryman
for the Florida Agricultural Extension Service.
There are two common species of this pest, known as the
large round worm and the small round worm. The large
round worm is found most often in the small intestines from
the duodenum to the ceca. It is a white or yellowish worm,
attainging a length in the adult stage of from one to four
inches. The small round worm is generally known as the
cecum worm and is found in the ceca. It is a small white
Symptoms: Young birds are most commonly infested and
show general unthriftiness, drooping or sagging of the wings,
paleness of the head and emaciation.
Birds kept in crowded quarters or in damp, poorly drained
runs seem most susceptible to round worms.
Treatment: General sanitary precautions are desirable.
Have clean yards, clean houses, clean drinking water, etc.
If at all possible have alternating yards so as to keep the
ground clean and fresh. Grow some green feed on the
ground when the chicks are taken off of it. Also if the
young birds are in colony houses, move the houses to differ-
ent locations occasionally if possible.
Mix two pounds of tobacco dust, containing not less thaf
1% nor more than 2% per cent of nicotine, with 100 pounds
of dry mash. Feed this daily for three weeks, and after
discontinuing for three weeks, repeat the treatment for
Epsom salts should be given at the rate of one pound per
100 grown birds after the first week, and at the end of
No treatment, however, will be successful unless proper
sanitary precautions are employed.
St. Petersburg Times
Handling Florida freight, in and out, during 1926 will
require 100,000 more freight cars than were used in 1925.
And there are the many steamships now carrying Florida
freight, too. And freight means business, and nothing