Alligator times

Material Information

Alligator times
Seminole Tribe of Florida
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, FL
Seminole Tribe of Florida
Creation Date:
October 1, 1982
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Monthly[ -1983]
Monthly[ FORMER 1972-]
Bimonthly[ FORMER <1974-1977>]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 45-29 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Seminole Indians -- Newspapers ( lcsh )
Indians of North America -- Newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood
26.036373 x -80.215905


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with Apr. 1972 issue?; ceased in 1983.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular; issues for 1974 also called vol. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 5, no. 6 (Mar. 1980) incorrectly designated vol. 5, no. 5 (Feb. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Seminole Tribe of Florida.
General Note:
Editor: Moses Jumper, Jr., <1974>.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 2 (May 1972).
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Alligator Times. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
021228568 ( ALEPH )
36178493 ( OCLC )
AKM1264 ( NOTIS )
sn 97027661 ( LCCN )

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Succeeded by:
Seminole tribune

Full Text


Seminole Tribe Celebrates Twenty-Five Years of Organization

Chairman Billie opened 25th
activities as approximately
300 tribal members gathered
for the celebration.

August 25, 1982 was a day of celebration and reflection for the Seminole peo-
ple as ceremonies were conducted under the Promise Tree at the Hollywood reser-
The Promise Tree, the site of the first Tribal Council gathering, was primed and
decorated as present and past Tribal leaders and officials gathered to be commended
for their contribution to the Tribe's progress and development.
Everyone from the youngster of two to the eldest of the Tribe participated in
the celebration. The Hollywood Headstart school opened ceremonies by leading the
Pledge of Allegience and the Brighton Reservation Cultural Heritage class presented
a part of the curriculum of the Seminole language study program.
Founders of the formal organization were commended for their efforts, such as
the Constitution Committee made up of Bill Osceola, Jimmie O'Toole Osceola,
John Henry Gopher, Frank Billie, Jackie Willie, Mike Osceola and the late Billy
Osceola. These gentlemen worked voluntarily to achieve federal recognition for the
Seminole Tribe. The work that these gentlemen performed was assisted by the able
women, Laura Mae Osceola and Betty Mae Jumper. These two women served as
interpreters for the Committee on their travels to Washington, D.C. in meetings with
government officials. Laura Mae, at the Twenty-fifty ceremonies, challenged the
youth of the Tribe to perservere to achieve higher standards for themselves and con-
tribute to the progress of the Tribe.
Betty Mae Jumper, who is the only woman to have served as Chairperson of
the Tribe, presented a historical review of the Seminoles growth and she also rein-
forced the challenge of Laura Mae Osceola. Special guests included Virginia Young,
Mayor of Fort Lauderdale.
Other activities for the day included an exhibition of the tribal programs at the
Hollywood gymnasium; a profit sharing distribution to the tribal members; and an
All-Indian rodeo.

First Secretary-Treasurer of the Seminole Tribe Laura Mae Osceola is shown
enjoying the 25th activities with her son Max and his wife Marge and grandson

President Fred Smith presented tokens of appreciation to former
Board of Directors members on behalf of the present Board. Left
to right: President Fred Smith, Betty Mae Jumper, Frank Billie,
Bill Osceola, and standing behind Betty, Joe Dan Osceola.

The Hollywood Headstart Class '82-'83 led the Pledge of Allegiance.

Former Tribal Chairperson Betty Mae Jumper presented a histori-
cal review of the organization and development of the Seminole
Tribe. As a part of the organization effort she served as interpreter
for the steering committee.

Past Seminole Princesses were recognized for their contribution &
representation of the Seminole Tribe. Left to right: Priscilla Sayen,
Mary Jene Koenes, Agnes Billie-Motlow, Lorene Gopher, Louise
Gopher & Wanda Bowers. In background, reigning Miss Seminole
Alicia Micco.



As is standard activity for many organizations, the end of the fiscal year
-" in June saw the Chairman and Council planning and budgeting for fiscal
year '83.
Budget hearings held in July saw programs reducing their budget re-
quests by 30 percent. Reductions seem to put no damper on new ventures
for the Tribe. New projects for 1982 included the Big Cypress Leathercraft
Company, the Brighton and Big Cypress Farming Projects, and a print shop
on the Hollywood reservation.
...One area strongly addressed by the Council was the area of loans to
tribal members. Loans that were made to assist tribal members in financial
Strain will no longer be honored by the Chairman's Office. The service has
proved not to be a fiscally sound measure for the Tribe because of the large
amount of requests and the failure of those individuals to repay those loans.
As of the last budget meeting, held on June 29th, there will be no more loans made from the Chairman's Office.
The program was designated to assist those individuals unable to work and in need; yet, the concept has been
abused by individuals who could work but failed to seek employment.
The loan program will not be completely eliminated, but the requests will be scrutinized more closely. Loans
may be obtained at the Revolving Credit Office by contacting Geneva Shore.
Other areas of interest include the Cootaunchobee Village in Tampa. On June 1st, the Bingo Hall opened with
a sold-out attendance. It was an enjoyable evening as evidenced by the enthusiasm of the winners. The village has
finally reached a point of near completion and has opened for business. The Museum of the Seminole Indian is also
near completion but has officially opened. The Gift Shop has been operating fairly well.
Over the next few months or so, a Grand Opening for all the Tampa reservation will be held, and the tribal
members will all participate in the celebration.
The Immokalee land purchase is in negotiation status. The land will be purchased to increase the landhold but
also to provide additional areas for housing and proper facilities for tribal operations.
Negotiations are also being held with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Indian Health Service. This year the
Tribe has proposed to contract the Ahfachkee Day School at the Big Cypress reservation. This will also enable the
Tribe to achieve accreditation of the school, an effort that is long overdue.
On August 25th, the Seminole Tribe celebrated twenty-five years of organization. The attendance was great as
leaders from the past and individuals who assisted in the organization were recognized for their efforts. Ceremonies
were held under the Promise Tree. Program exhibits and the activities of the day conveyed the progress and devel-
opment that has taken place over the years. Twenty-five years is a small part of Seminole history, but the steps
taken could not have been better for the people. James E. Billie


Interior Assistant Secretary Ken Smith told partic-
ipants in the annual convention of the National Con-
gress of American Indians that a national Indian policy
statement was being reviewed by the Cabinet Council
and the White House.
Smith, in his talk September 28, said: "I know all
of you are anxious to know the status of the policy
paper the White House Working Group on Indian Af-
fairs has been preparing. First let me thank the NCAI
and individual tribal leaders for the suggestions and
recommendations you forwarded to the Working Group.
I was proud of the way the Indian Community re-
sponded on this project. The recommendations of the
Working Group were submitted to the Executive Secre-
tary of the Cabinet Council last month. It is now out
of the Working Group's hands and is under review by
the Cabinet Council and White House. We have no time

estimate on when it will be released, but I assure you
that the NCAI will be notified either directly by the
White House or by me as soon as the information is
available. I wish I could tell you what the Working
Group recommended. I can say this: the group work-
ed extremely hard and wanted to make recommenda-
tions that would be meaningful and right. We are still
hopeful that the President will make the policy an-
nouncement in Indian Country. If it happens, many
of you will be invited to participate in the event."
Smith also said that he was considering the estab-
lishment of a special task force to deal with a number
of special issues affecting the tribes of California. He
indicated, too, that reorganization plans for the Bureau's
central and area offices were now uncertain but
changes would be made to meet budget requirements
and to adapt BIA to today's needs.

This is the issue of the Alligator Times that follows our 25th Anniversary celebration. I would like first to
make a few comments regarding that important occasion.
First, I saw fit on behalf of the Board to dedicate the area surrounding the Council Oak Tree and recog-
nize it as a historic site of Tribal importance. On the tree, a plaque was placed with the following inscription:
S "Entwined in the roots of this tree are the roots of our organization.
Formed hereunder, some of our strength and understanding of nature is best symbolized by its being.
It is thus fitting that we come here and dedicate this area, and rededicate our future under this tree
where it all began Tribal Organization formed here 1957 Dedicated 1982
With much of our land leased and used for commercial benefit, it stands to reason that we should set
aside some area to remind us, our children and our grandchildren, of our past; an area where we can visit
at our leisure and remember.
Another thing I consider important in conjunction with our celebration, is providing you with a report
about the Board, its growth and its progress. This report shares some of my ideas about our enterprises, their
current status and their future with you. If you did not get a copy and want one, we still have some remaining
books and will be glad to provide them if you contact my office.
As I stated in the report, the Board of Directors is 25 years old. It was established at the same time as the
Council, in 1957. Many Tribal Members have served on the Board of Directors and I have had the privilege
of being resident of thle Boar twice. When I took office this term, I considered the whole 25 years of our development and tried to utilize our
history and experience as a basis for building up the enterprises and developing the Board. At the time, the Board has no enterprises that could
be looked upon as profitable. Much of our funding came from subsidies or government grants. I, along with the Board, have put our efforts into
improving the condition of the existing enterprises and developing new enterprises. Three of these new enterprises, two Smoke Shops (one in
Immokalee and one in Hollywood) and a distributorship which sells cigarettes to all the Shops in Hollywood, Big Cypress, Brighton and Immo-
kalee were initiated. These enterprises are profitable and the revenues have been steadily increasing.
A cattle marketing company utilizing videotaping was also established. The film that many of you saw at the Board display was a result of
the work of this company.
During the last three years, much attention was given to our Catfish Enterprise and funds were sought to develop additional ponds so that
it can be both profitable and a provider of employment for our people. Though we have made great strides in this direction and now have
doubled our pond capacity, we are committed to continue this development to a stage where it can be a competitive commercial enterprise.
During the past months, close attention has been given to the Airport Gift Shop. When I took office, this shop was losing money. With
strong efforts, we have turned it around so that it provided a small profit. After considering the profit potential and the potential for the shop to
market Tribally made craft, we have assigned the shop under a management contract which will provide substantially more revenue directly to
the Board and increase the marketability of Tribally made goods.
We are currently working hard to improve the status of our Hollywood Arts & Crafts Shop. The Board has invested in remodeling and im-
provements during the last month. We have also invested in inventory and strengthened the potential of our wholesale operation. We look for
the shop to turn around and become self-sufficient and profitable during this fiscal year.
Our Cattle Program has always been an important source for the economy of individual Tribal Members and a solid enterprise for the Tribe.
The enterprise has developed into one that is competitive with all the other Cattle Programs in this area. We realize that we have a need to im-
prove more pastureland and renovate some of the existing pasture. Efforts have been dedicated to this so that we can provide areas for new
program participants and increase the potential for those who are currently in the program. Though I look at the program as being quite suc-
cessful, I am aware that there are ways in which it can be improved, both from a Tribal standpoint and for the profitability of individuals. I will
work with individuals and help to establish an approach that is viable and acceptable to them. We have employed a Cattle Manager and other '
staff who have knowledge and experience they are willing to share with any individual or group who requests information or help.
We are also working towards developing enterprises that may not be located on the Reservations, but that would provide profit to the
Board with limited investment. One of these is a Bingo contract with the Tribe in Oklahoma which should be in effect at the time that this article
goes to press.
Twenty-five years is a long time and changes have been constant. As long as I have the opportunity to work for the Tribe, I will strive to
build upon those 25 years to insure that the next 25 will be even more productive. Fred Smith, President
Change has come to the Alligator Times department. Total revamping of the department began in June of this year and has finally reached
a point where we can begin producing a paper. In this issue you will notice that a lot of the content is news since June and this is so that we can
give everyone the recognition and exposure that they all deserve especially the school children.
As you may have also noticed, the Times has undergone some change also. This is so you can enjoy reading and looking at our paper. I
do hope you all will enjoy the paper and will let us know what you think of our effort.
The Department has gone through some changes as well. We are now Seminole Communications and are a whole new staff. You can
read more on the Communications Division elsewhere in this issue.
I have only recently begun employment with the Seminole Tribe as Communications Manager and Editor-In-Chief after three-and-a-half
years work with the Inter-Tribal Council, United South and Eastern Tribes, Inc. (USET), in Nashville, Tennessee. While with USET, I published
and edited the newsletter, the USET Calumet and became involved in communications for the USET organization. Communications at USET is
multi-faceted of many areas that the member tribes are concerned with such as economic development, Indian law, Indian housing, trust re-
sponsibility, sovereignty, education, health, and welfare of Indian people in the East.
Though the years at USET were enjoyable and profitable for me, I felt that I could return to the Tribe and assist where possible to provide
effective communications and public relations. I have long been interested in Indian media and communication and with all the changes taking
place within the Tribe and for the Tribe, there is a great need to make those changes known.
In the short time that I have been here at the Tribe, I have found that the issues dealt with at USET are much more strongly felt here at
home. I am pleased to see everyone working together to accomplish the ultimate Tribal goal of self-sufficiency. The immediate concern is the
Tribal organization and most importantly, the people who are the Tribe. That feeling was evident as everyone gathered to celebrate twenty-five
years of organization on August 25th.
Events taking place over the next few months will be the Grand Opening of the Tampa reservation, election of Tribal officials, opening of
the Seminole Shopping Plaza and Multi-Purpose Complex, and numerous other occasions. If you cannot join in on the festivities, please join us

here in the Alligator Times for a complete report.
In the coming issues I will continue the "From the Editor-In-Chief" column presenting my views on various subjects so I would like to ask
that if you have any suggestions or comments that you direct them to me.
Lastly, our subscription rate will remain at six dollars ($6) per year. With this subscription you will receive six issues of the Alligator Times
and any other publications that we may produce for the Seminole Tribe. If you are interested, give us a call or write. We're very interested.
I look forward to hearing from you. Until then Gloria Wilson

A Question of Jurisdiction
In recent months, the question of jurisdiction bound-
aries has been raised by the Hollywood reservation popula-
tion in light of accidents and events that have taken place
near or within jurisdiction other than that of the Seminole
Police Department.
In an emergency situation it is sometimes impossible for
anyone in shock or hysteria to determine who the proper
authorities are to be notified therefore, it is important for
everyone to know what avenues are available to make
reporting easier.
Broward County has an emergency phone system
which is available in many metropolitan areas. The system,
911, is to assist in any emergency situation. You do not
have to determine whom to call, you merely dial 911 and
the 911 operator, upon receiving all pertinent information,
can send the proper agencies to the scene of any personal
injury accident, crime, fire, etc.
Boundaries between municipalities are never clearly
marked so that you can know where they begin or termi-
.nate. Therefore, it is important that you learn to use the 911
system to be certain that you receive the speedy assistance
you need and also to be certain that the proper agencies
have been notified. In emergency situations no one should
*have to determine the jurisdictional boundaries of any agency.
Use the 911 System: the life you save may be your own.
In other areas of interest, the flow of narcotics on the
reservations has been curtailed somewhat. Efforts, in con-
junction with other agencies, will hopefully lead to complete
cut-off of the flow of drugs on the reservations.
"Drug drops," trafficking, and sale charges have been
adding up as evidenced over the past months by the appre-
hension of a light plane, a truck, and some fifteen hundred
pounds of marijuana. Confiscation has been in excess of
750,000 dollars in drugs and property.
A Crime Watch program could be very beneficial to the
patrol effort and response time of the SPD on the reserva-
tions. Police Chief Kowalski would like such a program
initiated to assist the Police Department in the surveillance
and deterrence of burglary and vandalism.
The concept of the Crime Watch program is such that a
neighborhood looks out for one another and reports to the
Police Department the activities of any suspicious persons or
incidents that occur in the neighborhood. The concept of
the program is neighbors working together to deter crime.
Two Indians have or are expected to join the police
force this year. Don Osceola of the Hollywood reservation
was formerly with the Miccosukee Tribe Police Department
and has recently transferred to SPD.
Brighton resident Hosea Girtman, age 24, is attending
the Indian River Police Academy. Upon graduation, Hosea
will be the first Seminole to be a certified police officer as he
joins the Seminole Police Department.

Seminole Police Department Service commander Joe Safonte and
Police Chief Chester Kowalski bundle and mark latest confiscation
of marijuana on the Big Cypress reservation.



Camilla Smith is Junior Miss '83
"Rt Camilla Smith, the daughter of Wanema and Fred Smith, won the title
17/ of Junior Miss Seminole during the annual competition held July 20.
Camilla, who competed with eleven others, won the judges' vote with
her presentation of Seminole legends. Camilla is sixteen years of age and at-
tends Okeechobee High School, Okeechobee, Florida.
Paula Harjo of the Hollywood reservation took first runner-up honors as
Christie Gopher and Charlotte Gopher, both of Brighton reservation took
second and third place honors respectively.
The talent competition was thoroughly enjoyed by the audience as
talents ranging from storytelling, Seminole history, sign language and singing
abilities were presented. The young ladies all did a fantastic job of presenting

Alicia Micco is Miss Seminole '83
,4 : Nineteen year old Alicia of the Hollywood reservation has been chosen
S1as the senior Seminole Princess for 1983.
A In the annual contest held July 20, three other contestants besides Alicia
& vied for the title. Contestants were judged on their knowledge of tribal history
S. I and organization, talent, poise, personality and writing ability, which was
Based on essays written by the contestants.
Alicia, who is currently employed as Administrative Assistant of the
SSeminole CETA program sang "The Statue of Liberty" in the talent competi-
The other senior contestants presented talents ranging from the making
sy of traditional Seminole crafts and sign language interpretation of "God Bless
America" and "The Lord's Prayer."
First runner-up honors went to Salina Snow of the Brighton reservation
and second and third runners-up to Mona Osceola of Big Cypress and Helen
} Osceola of Brighton respectively.
Alicia Micco was chosen as Miss Semi- The contest was held by the Brighton reservation, Okeechobee, Florida.
nole '83 in the July 20th contest.

"Getting To Know Your Police Department"
November 2 7:00 P.M. DSO Building, Hollywood Reservation
November 8 7:00 P.M. Gym, Big Cypress Reservation
November 11 7:00 P.M. Community Building, Brighton
Sponsored by Counselors' Association
Contact Peggie Reynolds for further information.

Encouragement and support of tribal members to improve their educational
levels is a major goal that Larry Frank the "new" Education Director has set to
Larry, a native of the Hollywood reservation, has been employed for the
last five years as Project Director with the American Indian/Alaska Native
Nurses Association. While at AINA, he assisted in conducting a feasibility study
to establish an Indian-oriented Associates Degree in nursing at the Haskell
A graduate of the University of Oklahoma-Norman, Larry possesses a
bachelors degree in Business Administration. He would like to return for gradu-
ate studies for a Masters in Business Administration in the future, but is present-
''^ l ly content with the challenges of the Education Director position. He plans to
f i ! ^e do a good job and sees the need for improvement in the delivery of educa-
t tional assistance.
"Younger people need to get involved in tribal growth by educating themselves and going into fields that lead
to economic and political growth." Larry feels the youth need to take a more responsible interest in tribal concerns.
He is concerned that youth today are not taking advantage of the opportunities available to them. "Fifty-five per-
cent of the tribe is eighteen years or younger and there needs to be better educated tribal members." Efforts to
support this objective are presently included in the Incentive Program and communications with schools and edu-
cation counselors on each reservation.
Larry left Hollywood in 1969 to attend Fort Sill Indian School in Oklahoma. After twelve years away from the
Tribe, he has returned and is impressed with the progress the Tribe has made. "Tremendous strides have been
taken... much toward self-sufficiency." He is pleased to see that positive rapport has been established with the State.

CONTESTS HELD (continued)


Junior Miss '82 Michelle Madrigal and
Miss Seminole '82 Wanda Billie posed
for pictures moments before giving up
their titles.

Junior Miss '83 Cam illa
Smith and Miss Seminole '83
Alicia Micco.

Camilla Smith as she performed her
talent of Seminole storytelling.

d'- -

Junior Miss contestants Paula Harjo, Gale Mot-
low, Trudi Bowers, Nadine Bowers, Nora Osceola,
Claudia Jumper and master of ceremonies, Joe

Miss Seminole contestants Mona Osceola,
Salina Snow, Alicia Micco & Helen Osceola.

"Lift Your Horizons Beyond Your

Seminole Tribe representatives left to right: (back row) Helen
Osceola, Michelle Madrigal, and Denise Billie, (front row) Wanda
Billie, Marilyn Smith and Gale Motlow.
The International Hotel, Washington, D.C., was the site of
a gathering of more than 150 Indian youth across the nation
during the week of April 27 May 1.
The Summit Conference, sponsored by the United Indian
Tribal Youth, Inc. (UNITY), brought together more than 150
Indian youth in the Nation's Capital to prepare themselves for
the day that they become leaders.
The conference brought various Indian and non-Indian pro-
fessionals together to provide encouragement and inspiration to
the youth. A keynote speaker was Jim Thomas, a Tlingit Indian
from Alaska. Mr. THomas spoke on developing a positive self-
image "respecting and loving yourself as you surmount the
negatives which shall surely be thrown in your paths."
Other speakers included Ron Andrade, Executive Director
of the National Congress of American Indians; Congressman
Don Bonkers of Washington State; Tom Getman, Administra-
tive Assistant to Senator Mark Hatfield of Oregon; and former
Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and President of
Native American Consultants, Louis Bruce.
The early sessions of the 4-day National Summit Confer-
ence included exercises in "Tribal Council" decision-making. A
series of problems were given each "Council" and recommenda-
tions were drafted by each and presented to the whole body.
This process was followed by a full-day session at the Depart-
ment of the Interior building where the participants were ad-
dressed by Kenneth Smith (Warm Springs), Assistant Secretary
of the Interior. He related how he had come from traditional up-
bringing and worked his way to his present position. He advised
the young people to set their sights high and support it with a
sound education.
The power-packed conference added an evening surprise in
the showing of the documentary full-length production, "Indian"
and its introduction by the movie's star, Ray Tracy. Tracy, a
young Indian actor, has appeared in several movies and will be
featured in upcoming productions with award-winning stars.
Topping the activities was a tour of the White House on
Thursday and an address by Morton Blackwell, Special Assistant
to President Reagan and by Richard Shelby, National Campaign
Director for the Republican Party in the North Portico of the
White House.
Ron Andrade was on hand on the following day to officially
receive the position papers of Summit Conference. Wild ap-
plause followed Andrade's pronouncement that the "Policy
Statement of Indian Affairs" being prepared for the considera-
tion of President Reagan. It is anticipated that it will augment
and add to those policies which were first stated in 1970 by
President Nixon and from which self-determination programs
now existing in several departments and agencies for American
Indians and Alaska Natives. "When I heard that," said one
young lady from a Western Tribe, "it made all our 16-hour days
seem so worthwhile and instead of feeling tired, I now feel so
alive." "I know we've really done something," added a young

Own Tribal Realms"
-Elmer Savilla
Executive Director NTCA
man from the Southeast.
J.R. Cook, Founder and Director of UNITY, who was
presented with a gift of luggage by all the participants in
the conference, "because a little bird told them" he needed
luggage most, said it in a nutshell: "What you have experi-
enced here and what you have done in four short days
most certainly has demonstrated that many adult activities
of the same kind can do a lot more in achieving defined
targets." With some reserved pride, he added, "I have a
feeling the work of these young people will be officially
recognized in the Congressional Record."
... ..~ ,W1 a ,I ,...

Native Youth Conferees pose for picture on the steps of the

Ray Tracey, Indian actor, was also in attendance to present
his latest effort, Indian.

by Barbara Doctor

Deputy Assistant Secretary John Fritz BIA-Eastern Area Director Harry Rainbolt accompanied Fritz
Bureau of Indian Affairs Deputy Assistant Secretary and Chairman James Billie on tours of the Seminole reserva-
for Operations, John Fritz completed a visit to the Florida tions.
Seminole reservations August 31 September 2. Mr. Fritz i
and his two associates, Tom Oxendine, Public Relations
Officer for the Department and Mr. Harry Rainbolt, East- / ? f 1.
ern Area Director toured all reservations to acquaint them-
selves with the various tribes and their needs, their opera- .
tions and enterprises, and the geographic locations of t

The Deputy Assistant Secretary also overviewed cur- A Dc H acmni
rent BIA-funded programs and discussed present and y _.C harm i
future plans for continued efforts to tribal self-sufficiency.
A dinner was held at Native Village, Tuesday, August
31 for Mr. Fritz and his party which was hosted by Chair- '
man, James Billie. Wednesday morning Fred Smith joined
the trio and boarded helicopters for the Big Cypress reser-
vation where they were met by Big Cypress Council ", .i"
Representative, Jacob Osceola and Board Representative, John Fritz and Harry Rainbolt enjoy a "catfish break" at the
Mitchell Cypress. These gentlemen led a tour of the reser- Brighton reservation.
ovation. Mr. Fritz visited the cattle and land management
areas and other tribal enterprises at the Big Cypress reser-
vation. Fritz expressed a concern for the Seminole youth
to complete school and pursue careers in the fields of
engineering and land-management as it is necessary for the
Tribe to properly utilize the prospering land through water
management and agriculture.
In the afternoon, the Deputy Assistant Secretary
visited the Brighton reservation for a catfish luncheon and
a tour through the Catfish Processing Plant. Chairman
Billie greeted the BIA guests at the luncheon joined by
Brighton Councilwoman, Rosie Billie. Stanlo Johns, Agri-
culture Economics Director, and Chairman Billie also pro-
vided a tour of the Brighton reservation, tribal offices and
enterprises there. .

Thursday, September 2, Fritz and his associates
toured the Hollywood reservation where he also observed
the Bingo and Smoke shop operations.
A brunch was held in the Council Room where the
party was greeted by tribal employees and members. All Chairman Billie and John Fritz enjoy the music of the Paul
three of the guests were presented with a traditional Indian Buster Band from Big Cypress at a reception held at Native
shirt and sweet grass basket. Village.

Chief Liaison Officer

To The Florida Governor's

Council on Indian Affairs

Is Named

Daniel Jumper, native of the Big Cypress reservation
has been named to the position of Chief Liaison Officer foi
the Seminole Tribe. As Liaison Officer, Daniel will assist ir
state legislative matters concerning the Seminole Tribe.
Daniel brings to the position vast administrative anc
managerial experience in federally-subsidized and state
funded programs. As program coordinator, he will take or
the task of identifying and developing alternative resource,
for tribal programs at the state level. The trend of budge
and service cuts has made Daniel more aware and deter
mined to locate these resources.
Other projects that Daniel has become involved ir
since coming on board in July are, in a joint effort he i!
assisting Larry Frank, the Education Director, in the pro
posed tribal contracting of the BIA school, Ahfachkee DaS
School at the Big Cypress reservation; and establishing
youth-oriented participation program in the state legislature
as pages and aides.
Previous employment has included a six year tenure
as director of the Seminole Mental Health Program anc
coordinator for Outreach services at the Miccosukee Trib(
Community Action Agency.

Graduate Students in Public Health Are
The University of California, Berkeley, is recruiting American Indian and
Alaska Native students for graduate school in the School of Public Health,
University of California, Berkeley.
Public health is primarily directed toward prevention of health problems.
According to Elaine Walbroek, Director of the Master of Public Health (MPH)
Degree Program for American Indians and Alaska Natives, "171 American
Indian/Alaska Native students have been enrolled and/or supported in
graduate programs through the efforts of the Berkeley program, with over
90% of the graduates returning to work in Indian-related programs either on
reservations or in urban or rural settings." Of those employed, 30% are
working with Indian Health Service as service unit directors, health educa-
tors, hospital administrators, health planners, administrators of health pro-

"Indian Energy Development
In The New Economic and
Legislative Environment"
The Theme of Cert's November 18-19, 1982
Annual Meeting in Denver
House Interior Committee Chairman Morris Udall (D-
Ariz.) and U.S. Senators Malcolm Wallop (R-Wyo.) and
Gary Hart (D-Colo.) are among those expected to address
the 1982 Annual Meeting in Denver next month of the
Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT).
The November 18-19 meeting, with the leaders of
CERT's 34 tribes in attendance, will also hear from
Deputy Assistant Interior Secretary for Indian Affairs
Roy Sampsel; James DeFrancis, Principal Deputy As-
sistant Secretary of Energy for Congressional, Inter-
governmental and Public Affairs, and ARCO Execu-
tive Vice President Ralph Cox.
The theme of this year's meeting is "Indian Energy
Development in the New Economic and Legislative
Environment." It was chosen, according to CERT Execu-
tive Director Ed Gabriel, to reflect the fact that "the tribes,
as owners of vast oil and gas, coal and uranium and geo-
thermal resources, have been vitally affected by recent de-
velopments in Washington and elsewhere."
Added Gabriel in an announcement describing the
S meeting:
r "it is remarkable how much has changed, and how fast,
S in the arena of tribal energy development hence
the theme of this year's meeting. A new Minerals
S Management Service has been established which will
have a significant impact on the course of tribal oil and
S gas production, and new law affecting royalty-moni-
s touring and accounting practices on Indian lands is on
t the way new Western water-rights initiatives por-
tend real progress in our common effort to manage
this resource fairly and effectively new Federal
legislation is making possible a whole new world of
S tribal-industry joint ventures and other non-lease
S forms of agreement .. tribal taxing authority is rapid-
ly changing the relationship between tribe and devel-
y oper and much, much more.
S In addition to the speakers named above, workshops
e during the two-day meeting will be held on: "The Impact
of the Indian Mineral Development Act of 1982"; "The
S Impact of New Royalty Management Policies Upon the
j Current Obligations of Tribes and Industry"; "Current
S Energy Projects Being Considered on Indian Lands"; and
"Taxation and Economic Development: The Aftermath of
the Merrion v. Jicarilla Apache case and Its Impact on
Tribal and Industry Relations."

Being Recruited by U.C., Berkeley
grams, program consultants, and so on. She said that 21 of the MPH gradu-
ates have gone on and are securing doctoral degrees in medicine, law, health
administration, behavioral science, education, and sociology.
Staff will work with those accepted into the program to secure financial
assistance. Traineeships and scholarships as well as tuition and fees re

generally available. Applicants must have a Bachelor's degree and an accept-
able undergraduate grade point average. Those applying must be an enrolled
member of an American Indian tribe or an Alaska Native, or have other
identification as an American Indian or Alaska Native.
Further information can be secured by calling (415) 642-3228 (collect or
writing to Louella Poblano, School of Public Health, University of California,
Berkeley, CA 94720).

Alligator Times Revamps

To Become

Seminole Communications

The Seminole Communications department began initial
operations as a tribal newspaper, the Alligator Times, in
March 1973. Though over the years, the tribal communica-
tions effort consisted of only a tribal newspaper, Chairman
Billie saw a need for a comprehensive and complete public
information effort and set about to revamp the Alligator
Times Department.
On June 1, 1982, reorganization of the department
began, and the department title was changed to Seminole
Communications to reflect the multi-faceted activities that the
department would become involved.
The Seminole Communications efforts consists of many
functions. This year's activities will include public relations,
group lectures, presentations to civic groups, development of
public information materials and visuals; photography on
staff are three photographers who have darkroom skills to
develop and process black and white and color photography;
Alligator Times the Tribal Newspaper will be published on
a monthly basis and is presently under critique and analysis
which has resulted in the revamping of the paper; typesetting
- presently the typesetting capabilities of the department are
hindered by the archaic equipment present in the depart-
ment, but when resolved the capability of the Communica-
tions effort will be expanded; graphic design and art -
design of publications will be greatly enhanced by the skills of
the present staff who are very aware of current state-of-the-
art trends in graphic communications; and printing a print
shop will be operated by Seminole Communications as a
small business. The print shop will provide a working financial
base for the Communications efforts. Another facet of the
Seminole Communications will be to provide communication
media service in the manner of consultations and technical
assistance. The department has already been approached by
two Indian groups to provide some assistance to them.
Though assistance will be provided on a consultant basis,
the department continually provides some manner of assist-
ance to the tribal programs. The preparation for the 25th
Anniversary were rather hectic for the department as the
photographic services were continually requested by pro-
grams for photos for booth display.
The primary goal of the Seminole Communications is to
become self-operating. This year as in previous years, the
Tribal Council has provided funding for the program, but with
the innovation of a print shop and various media services, the
department hopes to become fully operative as a tribal busi-
ness rather than a grantee.
With the talents and capabilities present in the depart-
ment, we are very optimistic. Present staffing includes: Gloria
Wilson, Manager/Editor-in-Chief; Twila Perkins, Assistant
Manager/Production Coordinator; Betty Mae Jumper, Public
Relations Representative; and Barbara Doctor, Editorial
Should you have any questions or have any particular
topic that you feel should be investigated or reported to the

people, please always feel free to contact anyone at Seminole

Indian Business Development
Conference Slated
The conduct of an American Indian Business Development Conference
has been announced. The conference will be held February 10 and 11, 1983
at the Dunes Hotel, Las Vegas, Nevada.
The American Indian Business Development Conference is a joint
venture between individual Indian businesses, profit corporations and special-
ized technical service groups. It is designed to give "hands on" help to Indian
firms and tribal groups currently in business to make them more profitable, as
well as to assist the potential business person in starting a business. It is also
slated as an information sharing activity where the attendees can make
potentially profitable contacts.
Seminars that are currently planned include: Capital Acquisition; Utiliza-
tion of Accountants; Lawyers and Bankers; Government Contracting; Busi-
ness Development; Sources of Financing; Financial Packaging; Entrepre-
nurial Opportunities; and, Business Planning.
For additional information contact:
7901 East Belleview, Suite 3
Englewood, Colorado 80111
(303) 756-3642

A Cultural Affair

Brighton Cultur-
al Class pro-
vided entertain-
ment during

'82 Graduates:
Barbara Baker,
Wanda Dennis,
Winnie Frazier,
Arthur Gore
and Larry Smith.

One significant thing about Adult Education Graduation is that the
graduates don't mind sharing the limelight. In fact, those at Brighton seemed
quite content to let the children in the Cultural Education program steal the
show. Brighton reservation residents Larry Smith and Arthur Gore were
joined by Winnie Frazier, Barbara Baker, and Wanda Dennis from Lykes
Brothers' properties for the Adult Education Graduation on August 12,
1982. The bi-lingual activities were begun with prayer in Creek. Goby Tiger
joined her brother Howard Micco in leading a favorite Seminole hymn, "Hal-
leluiah." "Amazing Grace" followed in both Creek and English.
Next on the program were the Cultural Education students who both
pleased and impressed the audience as each introduced himself in Creek.
They followed with a joint rendition of "Jesus Loves Me" and "Ceshvsh
Acanokeces" as it is written in Creek. Next was "Vshshenyvholly Ukatet"
which is similar to "Simon Says" in English, except it is Osceola who must be
obeyed. Wendi Bowers led the game and all mistakes were good-naturedly
forgiven as the students were commanded to sit, jump, yell, wave, lie down,
and say "Hello." Participants were Wendi Bowers, Shannon Holata, Paulette
Smith, Rita Gopher, Dana Smith, George Micco, Rosa Billie, Charlene Billie,
Michael Micco, Trisha Smith, Laverne Jones, Stephanie Snow, Joni Smith,
Elton Shore, Lonnie Buck, and Joey Micco. These children have been study-
ing with Elsie Bowers, the part-time Language Instructor; Jenny Shore, the
Curriculum Specialist; and Smawley Holata, the Culture Instructor. The Cul-
ture Education staff works under the directorship of Louise Gopher.
Larry Frank, the new Director of Education, was in charge of the pro-
gram. He spoke of goals for the Tribes Education programs. Comments were
made by Council Representative, Rosie Billie, who works with the Education
programs here to assure quality services for the Brighton residents. Also on
the program were John Holbrook, the Adult Education Coordinator for
Glades County, and Lester Mensch, the Superintendent of Glades County
Schools, who presented the diplomas. Gifts were presented by Phyllis Norris,
the Adult Education Instructor for Brighton. The program was followed by a
meal to which the whole community was invited.

House Panel's Approval of Joint
Ventures Bill Wins Praise from
Energy-Owning Indian Tribes
A coalition of American Indian tribes owning large quan-
tities of the nation's oil, gas, coal and uranium hailed the
House Interior Committee's approval today of legislation
designed to provide much greater flexibility in the manner
which tribes can develop those resources.
The "Indian Mineral Development Act of 1982," as the
measure is called, would enable tribes to enter into innovative
forms of agreements with private developers such as joint-
venture partnerships and service agreements which permit
direct tribal participation in the profits from a venture, a share
in its ownership and a substantial say in the speed, manner
and impact of development.
Peter MacDonald, Chairman of the country's largest
Indian tribe, the Navajo Nation, and also of the 34-member
Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT), praised the
Interior panel's unanimous vote to approve the bill. He
added: "This piece of legislation would bring the law on
Indian minerals development into the twentieth century. Until
it becomes law, we remain shackled by an outmoded and,
totally unnecessary restraint on our ability to compete effec-
tively in the commercial energy marketplace, and reap the
benefits for the welfare of our people."
Under current law, the 1938 Indian Mineral Leasing Act,
the lease is the only form of agreement which oil and gas
agreements on Indian land may take, and that restrictionhas
been extended to other minerals by regulation. Leases are
subject to minimum ten-year terms but may run on indefinite-
ly if the resource is produced "in paying quantities" a pro-
vision which means that many tribal leases negotiated decades
ago, with royalty payments tied to then-prevailing prices, are
still in effect.
MacDonald expressed special gratitude to Interior Com-
mittee Chairman Morris K. Udall, D-Ariz., "for taking a
leadership role in bringing this measure to the committee's
Udall called for prompt full House action on the bill.
"This bill will enable tribes to enter into better business ar-
rangements, and by being able to assume some of the risks,
they stand to gain more of the profits," Udall said.
MacDonald also thanked Senator John Melcher, D-
Mont., for introducing and shepherding the legislation
through the full Senate.

Revised Regulations for Indian Self-
Determination Act Published
Proposed new regulations governing the implementation of Public Law
93-638, the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistant Act, were
published September 13 in the Federal Register. The regulations have been
revised to bring them into accord with the provisions of Public Law 95-224,
the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act.
The Self-Determination Act gave Indian tribes the option of operating
BIA reservation programs under contract with the Bureau. Public Law 95-
224 modified federal laws, including the Indian Self-Determination Act, by
directing the use of grants or cooperative agreements rather than contracts
when the purpose of the agreement is a public service or benefit rather than
government procurement. Most of the programs funded by BIA under the
Self-Determination Act are here to help tribes provide social services, educa-
tion programs or other services benefiting the Indian Community.
Changes in the regulations have been made also to improve administra-
tive procedures and strengthen accountability by both tribal and Bureau

personnel. These include introduction of technical assistance at an earlier
stage in the application process; placing more responsibility on BIA to make
the application acceptable at the time of submission; placing approval'and
award authority at the local agency level; stating more clearly the require-
ment for effective management systems; and defining management deficien-
cies which could result in the Bureau reassuming operation of the program.

Alcoa Foundation Makes $50,000
Grant to Aide Minority
Engineering Education
A check for $50,000 from Alcoa Foundation was pre-
sented to the National Action Council for Minorities in Engi-
neering at its recent Annual Forum in Dallas. Edson W.
Spencer, chairman and chief executive officer of Honeywell
Inc. and co-chairman of NACME, accepted the grant which
will help provide scholarships and support programs to in-
crease the number of minorities in engineering.
Alcoa Foundation was established in 1952 and incorpo-
rated in 1964 as a non-profit corporation to maintain a
planned and balanced prograni of giving to worthwhile
endeavors. Since that time, the Foundation has made awards
totaling almost $90 million for education, cultural, health,
welfare, civic, community and youth oriented programs. The
grant to NACME is one of a number of ways the Foundation
has supported minority education.
NACME's goal is to substantially increase the number of
qualified minority engineers. The organization focuses on
blacks, Hispanics and American Indians minorities that are
underrepresented in engineering professions.
Through an incentive grants program NACME makes
financial aid available to 3,000 students at 124 engineering
Its activities include a study of retention to determine the
factors important to successfully completing an engineering
program. A summer employment program links minority stu-
dents with jobs in industry.
NACME is an industry-supported effort to increase the
number and quality of minority engineers. Its board consists
of chief executive officers of major American corporations
and leaders of academic and minority communities. NACME
is co-chaired by Edson W. Spencer and John R. Opel, presi-
dent and chief executive officer of International Business
Machines Corporation. Dr. Lloyd M. Cooke is president of
this New York City-based organization.

Sampsel Announces Major Changes in
BIA's Proposed Tribal Tax Guidelines
Interior's Deputy Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs,
Roy Sampsel, announced major changes in some controver-
sial proposed regulations on tribal severance taxes. Sampsel
talked at a tribal resource development seminar sponsored by
the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) at Golden,
Colorado September 29. He said that the purpose of the
draft regulations was to provide guidance to tribes and BIA
superintendents as to what constitutes a legally supportable
ordinance and to make a policy statement in support of tribal
jurisdiction over non-Indiana through mining activity tax ordi-
Sampsel said the draft did neither of these things.
Sampsel urged tribal governments and industry leaders to
develop improved communications and work on ways to
commonly solve their problems. "The industry representa-
tives must deal with, do business with, the tribal governments
just as they do with state governments. They must be expert
in their public relations, i.e., in their tribal relations just as
they are when they do business with the non-Indian world.
They've got to learn to lobby the tribes just as they would any
other legislative body. Tribes, on the other hand, must be
willing to meet and deal with industry. They must not retreat
behind an impenetrable wall of tribal sovereignty from which

they refuse to emerge into the business world."
Sampsel said the BIA would work with CERT and the
Rocky Mountain Oil and Gas Association and any "tribal rep-
resentatives who wish to consult with us" to complete the


At the end of the 81-82 school year, many activities in cele-
bration of another successful school year were held. All the
reservations held student recognition days. Highlighted here
is a sample of those students commended for a job well


Education Commencement and
Student Awards Exercise
Held at Big Cypress Gymnasium
Thursday evening, August 5, 1982 at 7:30 p.m. the
Education Commencement and Student Awards Exercise
was held in Big Cypress at the new gymnasium. Invocation
was presented by Jonah Cypress and a traditional hymn by
singers, Betty Clay Billie, Lucy Buster Billie, Ida Cypress,
Louise Tigertail and Annie Tiger.
Viviane Crooks welcomed and introduced special guests,
Jacob Osceola, Sylvester Hymphrey, Mitchell Cypress, Larry
Frank, Ida Cypress, Callie Osceola and Winifred Tiger.
Awards were presented to students from public schools,
learning resource center, Clewiston, boarding schools,
Ahfachkee and Immokalee. Special awards went to Herman
Osceola who joined the Marines on August 25.
Special Recognition was also awarded to Ronny Rawls,
bus driver for 2 years and coach for 12 years. Ronny was
presented a vest for his dedication to the community.
Barbara Doctor


Jim Shore, Legal Counsel for Seminole Tribe was one of three
featured speakers who addressed the students during recognition
exercises. Other speakers were Billy Cypress of the Seminole
BIA agency and Gloria Wilson of Seminole Communications.

Rosetta Bowers receives her certificate for perfect attendance.


Billy Cypress.

Most Outstanding Student was Michael Micco.


Jim Shore was feature speaker during Hollywood's Student Rec-
ognition Day activities.

Students await their turn for recognition.

Pete Baker, Jr. was one of many Hollywood students recognized
for outstanding academic work.

June Tiger, Jim Shore, Joel Frank and Council representative
Marcellus Osceola observe Recognition activities.

congratulations from Jim Shore and


'82 graduates of the Hollywood Headstart.

Jeffery Dean receives his diploma from Headstart Program Direc-
tor Lois Taylor.

Carol Crenshaw, Head Teacher of Hollywood Headstart.

Off-Broadway performance of "Little Red Hen" performed by '82

Little Red Hen and her family try to convince the pig and duck to
help in the planting of the corn.

Conversations With Junior Miss and Miss Seminole 1982
Michelle Madrigal EDITOR'S NOTE: Contents of the following are from interviews conducted prior to the selec-
tions of Junior Miss and Miss Seminole 1983.
,, ~ "If kids want to be adults then they should live on their own and leave their parents
alone." That is the opinion of Miss Michelle Madrigal who for the past year reigned as
the Seminole Tribe's first Junior Miss Seminole. She has observed the other young
people that live on her home reservation, Brighton, and has learned to perceive situa-
tions as they truly exist. Reality has come to this young lady rather early. She sees
where the excuses are made and does not see them as solutions but, as problems that
need to be resolved. "A lot of kids think you're grown-up when you're of age, but,
you're not really. It's in your mind." She is concerned that many tend to forget their
parents and to enjoy their childhood years in the rush to become adults.
For a lady of fourteen years, Michelle has definitely become fully-oriented and
well tuned to the reservation life and the "outside world." When she speaks of other
youth and the way many are leading their lives, the disappointment in her peers is ap-
parent. She does not feel, as many other youth claim, that drugs and alcohol are the
escapisms from the monotony of reservation life. She says, "No one can tell me they
can't turn it down (drugs and alcohol) when it is offered, I know you can because I
have. I have the willpower and so do they." She expresses her fears about the future
Sof the Tribe "We (youth) are the future and we've got to realize it soon and clean
up our act." If children continue to grow up thinking substance abuse is the recreation
of life, her fears of extinction may become a reality.
What does Michelle feel needs to be done by the parents, the community, and in-
dividuals to help the youth of the Tribe? "Listen to what they have to say. We're people too." She feels the problems of the
youth stem from the need to have someone listen to them and communicate with them as a mature person. "Parents aren't the
only ones to blame. Kids are at fault too. They just have to both learn to listen to what one another has to say. When they (the
youth) turn to drugs and alcohol, it's because the other kids think they're really grown-up when
they do that."
What are Michelle's views of the Seminole Tribe and the people? "People have got it made
here on the reservations. They complain, but they should try it 'out there.' It isn't easy. The (tribal)
people have many advantages over the 'outside people'." For example, "If an 'outside family' had
a child they wanted to send to college but had no money or couldn't get any money he
couldn't go. Here they (the tribe) tries to help you anyway they can so you can go to college.
They (the tribal members) just don't know what they have."
Though she will be giving up her title later this month, Michelle has definitely enjoyed the
amenities and the responsibilities as a representative of the Seminole Tribe. Over the past year,
Michelle, as Junior Miss Seminole, travelled extensively to various functions in Indian country.
Her most enjoyable trip was to Oklahoma to the Seminole Nation Day Celebration. Why? "I have
a lot of friends there and it was good to see them again." She says she will miss the travelling, but
has learned much and immensely enjoyed the opportunity to represent the Tribe.
Michelle's interests include reading, listening to the radio, and being with people. People are important to her and she
enjoys talking to anyone and getitng to know them. Her outgoing personality is a valuable asset in her interest of people.
Michelle may just be fourteen years of age, but she is not aware of it. She has already made decisions about her future.
After high school she would like to go on to college and major in computer science. Her interest in computers stems from her
experience as a teacher's aide in a computer class at Okeechobee Junior High School.
"Kids should grow up to live on their own. When they turn to drugs and alcohol they might be having a good time, but they
hurt their parents, too." Gloria Wilson

Wanda Billie Wanda Billie, outgoing Miss Seminole 1982, had some final thoughts to express
about the past year and the Seminole Tribe as her year of reign came to a close.
I Wands resides on the Big Cypress Reservation and has had the opportunity to
learn a bit more about the Seminole Tribe and to meet other Indian tribes throughout

Her travels over the past year took her from the East coast to the West coast as she
participated in events across Indian country. In her travels she represented the Semi-
Snole Tribe but also represented an important part of the Seminole population as she
I -participated in the Native Indian Youth Summit held in Washington, D.C. At the sum-
mit, Indian youth across the country gathered to learn first-hand the functions of the
federal government and the relationship of Indian governments to the federal govern-
ment. The youth also formulated position papers to President Reagan on Indian issues
prevalent throughout the country.
:f `As Miss Seminole, Wanda had honors bestowed upon her as Florida State Uni-

r versity named her Homecoming Princess. She also had the privilege of judging the
Seminole Nation Princess contest of Oklahoma. She had hoped to enter the Miss
Indian America, but was unable to do so because of the air traffic controllers strike.
SRepresenting the Tribe as Miss Seminole was great she said, but seeing first-hand
the progress of the Tribe was also an enjoyable aspect of the function. Wanda is very positive and pleased with the work Chair-
man Billie is doing with the Tribe. "James is getting out and getting to know the people. He's really working for the people and
it's getting better." Wanda feels the Tribe has progressed economically because of the efforts of Chairman Billie.
Wanda has thoroughly enjoyed the opportunity to represent the Seminole Tribe.



The Tribe's Construction Department has been busy over
the past few months as evidenced by all the construction and
building that has taken place on the Hollywood reservation.
On July 7th, groundbreaking ceremonies were held at
6500 Osceola Circle West as the first spades of dirt were
turned for the construction of the Multi-Purpose Center. The
Center, slated to be completed in 1983 will house the health
center, the senior citizen program, the Headstart program
and the Early Child Care project.
Tribal officials Joel Frank, Executive Administrator; Billy
Cypress, Hollywood Baord Representative; Cecil Johns,
Seminole Health Program Director, and Betty Mae Jumper,
Public Relations. Seminole Communications were in attend-
ance to provide opening comments and thank the efforts of
the present Administration to provide better service to the
Hollywood residents.
Following ceremonies, a chicken dinner was enjoyed by
all. Also presently under construction is the Seminole
Shopping Plaza. The Plaza was slated for completion this
month, but due to a freeze on operating funds, progress has
been stilled. The Plaza will house a convenience store,
luncheonette, pizzeria, game room and the offices of the
Seminole Police Department. This project could contribute
substantially to the economic situation of the Tribe as it is
a Tribal Council-funded project.
Rehabilitation of homes on the Big Cypress reservation
should begin in the near future. A community Development
Block Grant from the Department of Housing and Urban
Development (HUD) will provide monies for the rehabilitation
A hotel/motel project is also proposed for the Tampa
Reservation project. Planning and development is still in the
initial stages.

The beginnings of the Hollywood Seminole Plaza at 64th Avenue
and Charleston.

Billy Cypress, Board-Hollywood Representative, cuts ribbon
marking site of proposed multi-purpose center.

Turning the first spade of dirt are: (left to right) Betty Mae
Jumper Seminole Communications, Cecil Johns Director,
Seminole Health Program, Billy Cypress Hollywood Board
Representative, and Joel Frank Executive Administrator, for the
multi-purpose complex.

Groundbreaking ceremony attendees form
chicken dinners.




August 14, 1982, an art show was held in conjunction
with a semi-grand opening of the Seminole Tribal Museum
Village and Gift Shop at the Tampa reservation.
Art works featured Seminole Artists Josephine North,
Mary Gay Osceola, Mary Frances Johns and photographer
Scarlett Young. Works featured contemporary and traditional
lifestyles of the Seminole people.
A large dinner party was enjoyed by many guests with
entertainment provided by various musical artists and Chair-
man James Billie.
Formal Grand Opening ceremonies and celebration is
slated for the near future. More on the Tampa project will be
featured in the next issue.

Leroy Jackson, sculptor, adds finishing touches to museum
centerpiece, a bust of a Seminole warrior.

Entrance to the Museum of the Seminole Indian.

Tampa Arts and Crafts features many of the Seminole handi-

Indian Art is offered in the Tampa Arts and Crafts Shop.

Cooking chickee in the Tampa Village.

Seminole Summer Comes To An End

The Summer Program for 1982 is finally over. Everyone
enjoyed a good time and no serious mishaps occurred.
Fourteen different weekend activities for all age groups
were planned throughout the summer. Softball tournaments,
skating, swimming, basketball tournaments and paddleball
tournaments were some of the activities planned.
Also a part of the Summer Program was the Indian Cul-
tural Program. The program was a favorite part of the entire
curriculum as the youth experienced the traditional activities
of our ancestors. The trips they took were on outings to go
fishing, hunting, gigging, and also they experienced cooking
traditional foods and making crafts.

USET Softball Tournament Women's Division Champs -
Florida Seminole Construction of the Brighton Reservation. Left
to right: (back row) Mahala Madrigal, Linda Smith, Sara Tiger,
Oneva Jones, Mary Micco, Oneva Baxley, Diane Snow, Diane
Smith, Terri Hahn, Carolyn Billie, Lois Smith, Nellie Smith,
Coach Jack Smith, Jr.; (front row) Camilla Smith, Edie Smith,
Jenny Chalfant and Salina Snow.

For the first time in years, the Howard Tiger Memorial
Basketball Title was brought back to the Tribe as Cigarette
City from the Hollywood reservation defeated a tough Micco-
sukee team.
For the second year in a row, the Seminole Suns of
Hollywood reservation were the USET champs.
The annual United South Eastern Tribes (USET) softball
tournament was held August 21-23 at the Hollywood reser-
vation. Teams from throughout the southeast participated.
The winners were the men's Howard Tommie Enterprises
team of Hollywood and the women's Seminole Construction
team of the Brighton reservation.

USET Men's Division Champs Howard Tommie Enterprises of
the Hollywood Reservation. Left to right: (back row) Mitchell
Cypress, Curtis Osceola, "Dino" Doctor, Truman Bowers, Moses
Jumper, Jr.; (front row kneeling) Ruben Billie, Rocky Hernan-
dez, Stephen Bowers, and Ken Deschenee.

T-Ball Prowess Nets Local Youth Magazine Exposal

Seven-year-old Wildcat Naha Jumper is named after a
famous Seminole Indian warrior.
Soon, everybody will know the name of this brown-eyed
boy who calls the reservation his home.
Wildcat was featured in the "Faces in the Crowd" section
in the Sept. 6 Sports Illustrated issue for his dazzling baseball
performance on the Driftwood Lions' T-ball team.
The local boy batted .896, hit 33 home runs, 25 doubles
and scored 69 runs as the Lions ripped their way through an
unbeaten 28-0 season and won the league, county and dis-
trict championships along the path.
He was chosen the team's MVP and was selected to the
All-Star squad.
Wildcat's classroom statistics are just as formidable. He's
a straight-A second grader at Hollywood Christian School.

Even more importantly, he is being seen as a young
hero for sports-minded Seminoles, reflects his father, Moses,
recreation director for three sprawling Seminole Indian reser-
vations in South Florida.
Jumper sensed something great was developing in his
seven-year-old son who was equally at home on the baseball
diamond, the football gridron, the basketball court, or the
rodeo arena.
"I can speak for our recreation program. It's great.
We've got a bunch of good athletes, but we've never had the
exposure until now.
"I think this is a source of motivation for our kids to get
involved with sports We have a problem with the kids
dropping out of the programs," adds Jumper.
With national attention being focused on Wildcat,
Jumper thinks some of the attention will be picked up by
other Indian tribes.
The impetus for the S's selection of Wildcat goes to
Kenny Deschenee of the Seminole Recreation Department.
He complied Wildcat's statistics and sent a letter to SI.
"Well, I said 'OK,' but I didn't think they were going to
use it," recalled Jumper.
That caution disappeared when he got the call from SI.
Then he told Wildcat.
Wildcat is one of two Seminoles on the local team. He is
7/8 Seminole. His father is 3/4 Seminole while his mother,
Laquita, who works for the tribe's accounting department, is
a full-blooded Seminole.
The baseball season is over for Wildcat. Now he's prac-
ticing for an upcoming flag football season. Then there's the
youth basketball league run by the Seminoles. He also rides
baby bulls in local rodeos.
Reprinted from the Hollywood Sun-Tattler, Friday,
September 3, 1982.

Florida Indian Youth Program Seminole Seniors Travel

Summer '82 To World's Fair

Brighton participants (clockwise from center) David Nunez, Edie
Smith, Paula Bowers, Reese Bert and Rita Haught.

July 6th through the 15th, some thirty Florida Indians
visited the State Capital, Tallahassee, Florida to participate in
the Florida Indian Youth Program.
The Florida Indian Youth Program, sponsored by the
Florida Governor's Council on Indian Affairs, was the second
annual to be held. The program is designed to provide Indian
youth the opportunity to learn more of educational and voca-
tional possibilities.
The students were housed in dormitories on the Florida
State University campus. The students experienced first
hand, campus life.

Hollywood participants left to right: (back row) Jacob Storm,
Denise Billie, Trudi Bowers, Leroy Billie; (front row kneeling)
Melissa Tiger and Paula Bowers.

Immokalee and Naples participants left to right: (back row) Gale
Motlow, Rita Haught, Guy Osceola, Nancy Mclnturff chap-
erone, Spencer Johnson, Charles Joe, Dean Osceola; (front row)
Helena Jimmie and Allen Mclnturff.

During the week of September 20-26, the senior citizens
of the Seminole Tribe travelled to Knoxville, Tennessee to
visit the World's Fair.
The travel to and from the fair was enjoyed immensely
by many as it was a first-time experience to travel through the
mountains. The entourage made a stop in Cherokee, North
Carolina, to purchase souvenirs and Cherokee handicrafts.
The climb up the mountains was frightening for some, but
most enjoyed the scenery. Upon reaching the "Top of Old
Smokie," everyone disembarked to experience the fresh
mountain air.
The World's Fair was thoroughly enjoyed as exhibits
from other countries were the favorites. Some seniors even
enjoyed the rides. After two days of the World's Fair, the
seniors continued on to Ruby Falls, Tennessee and visited the
underground caverns. After a few hours there, the entourage
continued on to Perry, Georgia where they made their last
stop before heading home.

Mary Bowers and Moses Jumper
Are Honored as Broward County
Pioneer Honorees
The Broward County Historical Commission chose to
salute two of our Seminole people at the tenth annual Pio-
neer Days of Broward County, October 2 and 3, 1982.
The honor of a Broward County Pioneer is one that is
bestowed upon individuals who have never been publicly
acknowledged for their contributions to their community and
friends through the years in Broward County.
Annual festivities and recognition ceremonies were held
at the City of Sunrise Musical Theatre. This year's Pioneer
Days was sponsored by the City of Sunrise, the Broward
County Historical Commission and the Board of County

The Seminole Tribal Housing Authority is presently ac-
cepting applications for participants in the Mutual Help
Homeownership Program from all reservations.
Listed below are some of the eligibility requirements:
Qualify as an Indian family (Seminole Tribal members
will be given preference)
The family composition must conform to the occu-
pancy standards which are appropriate to the units.
Past performance in meeting financial obligations must
be satisfactory
The Applicant has no record of disturbance of neigh-
bors, destruction of property or living/housekeeping
habits at a prior residence which adversely affected the
health, safety or welfare of other residents.
The Applicant has no history of criminal activity in-
volving crimes of physical violence to persons or prop-
erty which adversely affect the health, safety or welfare
of other residents.
The Homebuyers selected must be willing and able to
meet all obligations set forth in the Homebuyers Agreement
including obligations to perform or provide required mainte-
nance. Selections will be made by the Seminole Tribal
Housing Authority Board of Commissioners.
Applications and additional information can be obtained
from: Seminole Tribal Housing Authority, 3101 N.W. 63rd
Avenue, Hollywood, Florida 33024 Phone (305) 961-4600
or Onnie Osceola, Big Cypress Reservation, Brighton Reser-


6333 Forrest Street
Hollywood, Florida 33024

Per Copy ............... ................................... $ .25
By Mail per year .................................... ......... 6.00

Published Monthly
The Tribal Council of The Seminole Tribe of Florida
Third Class Postage Paid
Hollywood, Florida 33024

GLORIA WILSON. ................ ................... Editor-In-Chief
TWILA PERKINS .............................. Production Coordinator
BARBARA DOCTOR. ............................... Editorial Assistant
BETTY MAE JUMPER .................. ... Public Relations Representative

The Alligator Times welcomes letters to the editor. It is, however, necessary for writers of letters to ob-
serve certain rules of the newspaper.
Only letters which have a signed name and address can be considered for publication. Typed names will
not be considered nor will letters which hint of libel be published.
It should also be noted that letters to the editor express the views of the writers and not necessarily the
views of this paper.

Seminole Communications
6333 Forrest Street
Hollywood, FL 33024

Hollywood, FL


Ft. Lauderdale Historical
P.O. Box 14043
Ft. Luaderdale, FL

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