The new era

Material Information

The new era
Uniform Title:
New era (Key West, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Key West Fla
G.W. Bursell
Creation Date:
September 6, 1862
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ; 24-51 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Key West (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Monroe County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Monroe -- Key West
24.559167 x -81.784031 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 5, 1862)-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1863.
General Note:
"Published every Saturday morning, at the Camp of the 90th Reg't, N.Y. Volunteers."
General Note:
Editor: Richard B. Locke, 1862-<1863>.
General Note:
Publisher: R.B. Locke, <1862>; Wm. H. Gould, <1863>.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
021883551 ( ALEPH )
07489220 ( OCLC )
AKP2803 ( NOTIS )
sn 84022773 ( LCCN )

Full Text




j^-/ ^ ^.^, I^ erms. '/; -
< 4Iy [Ei NE, ERA i| be pu"iuhed1 every
L.' "~ Satulday, and fumished to sibicfibeifr'at ive cents
'.opy, 'sitA per year; wenmsent by mail, $3.-
S- A liber Waduction when ,a nunler are ordered.
: Advertiselments wdfl b. ifirwt* at 'One, Dallr
Jf,,- pr sqaaqe, of.tLalilhes4 every adiJitional insertion,
i* J "-~ y eei_.. --'; :'
.. Liherr'ai.n.oknents will te"emade with hose
,; -. wbo fi monthor Ouarter.
S Job Pfl aa'1*`sxecuted at liberal rate ft, Ir
: eu h. I ... :.^ .
rCornuryc.uioniinnat be'adducsseiflo 4 h. B.
S L)eke, EdilorNeitEra, Key M qat, Fla." ,,
Noanonmoua rampnunications wIn be noticed, .
'., "<* 1 rejedf zpahpSriit will nut b!i returned
4 -__ i i" I i" -


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'".. \ .* .(
. ," ;. -. -* } 4 / '"1 -
g0 ,. 4.:. :..,KEY WES

.. .W- Wit he coiFortirtg adsuraTee that -yQur
."l," --. 'n~l P .-"'ther i y ,
S, .. Heaven protect and bess and keep you,
04 MY, BOY orC LS oly a'0111 .lmd your way,
., .' -YU.. .eepyour spirit-,,on' tempatiM, ands
k" A 'w M' .''" ;' yT o .r feet. from going astray,
". I Axsv%1T(O- MoCr QAN I Go?" -; '-,..,, .... 1'P0:7
S' ..- y To y.ur mother 'evet faithfml- to, your
So, my. bloy, nd ih bles, you, I h iv ,ef.ntry Oer true,. ...
S/ r. i a iZo l" / ... :.; Go my boy.*here duty, and my
S:': O14yyu heots'.ipontive th'rob1ing, to a"/ 51'r .1! folow yu..
f. ,': h i gh e aiml tht l 'minaim ,- (' ' igi. ,'
S 6d hath poken,' you hv ,,'ah- .'Hi"i, ,
f <* arA;tbe,teas-th ,, You ifleqotion for p.or\M6ohdrBll n. : .t
: ou. a..rurofor ,r. >-: O GENElAAL LEW. WVALLACE ON
ouMIsbid y imfd when M... PLOYNG NEC-ROES. -
i .' .* h e ~e~rlaq giedT:1, -;: d .. ^ 1 ". *
: ,M'a kyourpah duty earlhiy sp.e'h at' the great War meeting
S, "t ofyur land n Cinciimati, on Tuesday evening, Gpo.
ra't. yo t ,-.- i. lai? ; d ',.t-8L'w. Wallace thus expressed his' senti-
*4.,x. 'tis,.youp to e a t atrio a &d ts-_
-," tme to proe'a"ate, t entsinregardtothe ihilitary emplw
Grimy 'boy where ,'dity 1cl, oun,.' Irit', of the negroes.' and il will be seen
.* my 'heo t shall ftilow u. T hat his argument .st 4 at the root of
-. '* : .. .--:. il-^-' einzitter:-:;'^ .-- ,7 .-, --*
G o ib faIth,- 'and /fel, protector in the Another rrinisfake rwe have' inade "4ll
power-Supiecmc-Djr,/, -along Is.. that of supplosing that slavery
,'p a I- ,, S.-I
ShowId a-mulj)ett erce yur bod" ; it wil ,wa'an element of weakness to the So'uth.
S, aso ene'.m, i e,, min e,, ;: .y tst it, w .-a smouldering fire,
Do I th JE.of c'hls iftsorrow? does m hici only needed t1,faeotthat of actu-
S. le, ':../ Da, I.trermbie at the prospect ? No my into a baze that w6n.d leave us an easy
son, aba more, than, es
t oh. .' -isr ,Y aRyr p 'task to perform ; but,, we were mistaken,
Deaar. to- me"-1. eyery 'pathw;y,,.yhcre and we havo found to our eust that 'la-
"uorpreci6s f ctfieave trod, very is one .9f -the njai'n clements of
,.'iut L.-ve yj,' fondly, frely. to- fiiy streilgh to the South at r.e present time.
o.i.. eoW.'ad-mn -God, roe, How ?'] tlowJ why if you'll
You (aa4.iBlOl nef' rfter in the work wait a miniutc,. I will show youihow.
.' ,. we. h1 lo'. Y ou ivant to have this wai I)rosecuted
p4q'' ,t ,'mwberejduty calls you, 4ud my with vigoi.Pnd tle reblIlion put down.
30U4.:.l,sha Jo1.ow.ou! '. IP_-1, ask you to go, it may be you are a%
.-A -.. 1 / .e..3 a'd.. rcau leave
rjll I-t a yit pray nf you how ofton ; with the -- ,re, 'a f '. -r
.*y. hou. o .. my workshop ; .ouare perhIap r-
.. '. vsk ~i huur ol riari ... ; a fa 'r i, 4.
`', -. er; and you say you cannot /leave your
-. T ough br of m household,. -a o ." ouarn married and have a wife
.. f'hs ,coi ,. /- ,. m nily depending. n ynu 'forJuipr
a'* 1VQla~hei- lirxasrt, 'cau, keep you, mid i. j 1. 1y
.a er '. ee yo, m port, andyou cannot leave them. -
the ,er s')!iBC lac1inetr, .. ,, 11 *. ,., *, 1.'
the, igers 1.-c ellletlus change, th? -scene, a-d
G God wiM4tlu V- bring '*op back agaili to o. h r. c .rt
-.. -ncyhat I am, down fouih recruttng
.. .haRPpinE111 au'd-b r say, jus ina k ., ...
I "-, for Jeff. Davi. Isay just imagine it
I will 0,ev q4?t*,the goodness, that hbaa V "eral-
,' .1 rVoice, We can'rlt do that, Genra
"~~~~~~1 ki t ttni In1ow, 11 .' ..
kept ... ..:1 .r. .. I .. Well, say I go to a fierce-looking indi-
Tht.ha epl.the evil from your, heat, VdualdsyjW have established -"
thc:sh6 *. from your brow, n g0vernrnt: It isin,,
new go'vem nn~tn It- is -in danger;., it
SAnd I kio# thatrIt shall keep you,. n the requires. your irm toq,,, upport 'it, nd we
pat"ou must phrsc, ndj want yoito. help us and fight for us.
Go m by whereuty calls you, and my -,He th'iiks Well, believe I can gob the
e he.a shil flow ya,. : ," cotton ia ail planted, aild the'ifarm is in
P oI good order: I can.. leAve my niggers to
"; If. miy oy -were. less- as hero, loss1 a e- efmil, ani d
.'-i t. ., a.n 8r-. attend to the wants of m'y:faily, and
,,. ,*nan It thought, antrfl eu, . ..
t, *- ,;'.. : -.. : when the cotton'is required to be gather-
S xnaes o ,wY country, l1n her try. .d. N.- to be gather--,
S '- h t ed in, the niggers will do it all, and keep
:=a .",. hou04ol~n~eied .4 .;. ", '"-
,. .., : ', ", ". thecotton gins at work, and on the force.
Ahd I feeJ-a priue in knojnag thpt to save ,. '
h- i .U'.u of-th.iit reasoning he goes at once., SoNw
-s this, cauaf divine-t -. I- ...
-,_ .. .. .. .. / i, gain,,supp6Os I g- to deit- Davis and
.' rom th?'hearth-.tone-gnes no braver ,', p. Irr t ..
." 't ta nIh- .v hi e ,,* .' "in. say-: 'Preuida nt, aq want to nm k0e this
'._ .,hiart than mat WcMi 6'Qes ormriie. .... / ,, i .: ,^
'- ",''.'' L "' i tt ". agreement witl yoon ; If' You" wlr keep,
l. .'IhayeIo.ied yet from I e hourmthatmy m y.. ;'; ,
S_ -r ..w, -. your four million negroes at home, and
psli' s t" reaed yor ihraw, .-
. .... i- .. *. 4. .. not let tbem do anyth,.g.tor-the further.
ier tenaerty, butnever quite so tefder- o 1. t d t., .,
.. ". *- ance of the wsr, I wtll keep athome an
A. .. H ..?.. .. t .e equal number of'the tree oparatves of
." A AllI hate'H'is'wh gavei whatsoeer., .. ,
', '' H. t "' *,..: the North, Doyou thInk he would agree
"H le bids rn';.do.. -' '". ?
.. .- b .d9 oit ? No; he never would agree to it.
.- lGomy bay whetduty calls yor, and my t-l .,
'' ..1... -'well, then, I say it would become a
heart.talfb1iowyfru ^ .--- M
,;:, ,: -. ,... y .' '-_: .* 4. ... military p'inciple, which should be in-
".'. }.hakll misjqja in thespriag-Lime, when" stantly actod upon, that we ought to use
"'':' "...:"' the. orhatdt i4in blo6no, every mcahs t, weaken our enemies and
., t ae .1 nature' t strengthen our iwn hand, If slavery is
-. iti vep4y, n i'rfernme, "the basis of this rebellion, why, in-Gbd's
.. '. When t~eobirrd.jr'8 name, do we not itnoc] away the base
-" the door and on the wing, .' from under it ? [L[oud cheers :and:-ap-
v I .kall thln l ifyi; -'who always loved'to plause.] You sa^"it i, right to take corn
Spauu l nr 'g from the rebels, to take their horsqesand
. -' Lo lngwiff l-ihe th,:ainghhoUr-through cattle and everything else that's -a1
.... the to I gy} right, but just touch a-single nigger, and'

x,- l'.my boj ep. ed. to .dangers on *. then there's an awful hullaballoe about
: .,Oil'80 awa, ,,, it. [Laughter and cheers.]
N- Barafyi'j si^.iQt m rmur, tfibugb' "Now,.'then, look again at another
"/ -' a tdr bedimr .tny view: thing. '.I hiave eleven regiments under

(,ero-my boy whefe ddty ealls you, and imy .ny 'command, and. from each regiment
:- '- ag't'snal1foilowiu.:: : forty-four men are detailed as teamsters,

-....,,. .i.9 ,' '" '. 'to drive mules'"nd perform all this kind
-lotp wnr-come ard UiSS your zaomher;,, f "W --.-...' .6 .
t y- and iss your oth'o ori W h, if we. oly seized., the
I,- t; x&A d: khss her, ad you say,
.- O , '-u l ~, y. uiggers'tbey could do as 'well is our own
,orti-h"I lip re~kve 0! blessn, 'that,
.ta..t-m Oy tin. of that.- There are
O...9-. .: .Jh yQUt"0yDntr~w~ay,.. four hundred and tighty-four men taken
-, 1-'riUroiftr.t. d. eimbra&o geO'for"ard to re- 'Away from ryeleven;regiments, bqca'use
,' ~ I ", # -
:.,'" -...u'aTl'ar (totntr sy'1 -. we are so scrupuIous about taking aw'y
'- "- .- -,' "- .' "- .N
2, '-", '- '. -' ",' ;'- .* "* i s'. '
:- .,- I '
7:.._/. *. -. ,, '". ".,. .

a I "-

army was even larger. .The loss on each disclosed the sad faeta that -k A kingo him, ad give him- short Imprisonment- .
side was 25,000. beasts hal suceumhed to the intense cold as he was particularly anxious tosee the .
In the battle of.Le.pusic the' French ora diexsehavige di er greatxhibitio' : ""."
had 175,000 men, andAse Allies 181,u000.- .. Q o;g.- havi. b i _n ,:. -,.. '-d "
ThAbattle lasted three days -1ao d.-'nn raper. -. '.. A bomutiful thouight-S suggested i t'e'
, '.. ., .. ,....p --= Korn, 'Aflgbs, in tim grgm w illn
lost two M marshals, tw enty Generals, and .. 4. ... -- .. n ; A g l, in """ t' 'v oW-
60,000 men in killed wounded and piis. I have thought that wild flowers might, quetio to t-hp aiounta wealth *
oners; the lies 1790 officers ad about e lhw rbyth thou hsteft behind thee, but bat good
oners~~~~ ; h~lisI9oes-n u6-the'aifihabet or angels--_ eey'_ .D,...".t.o'..... ".
40,000 men... -, -.. died thbni )ast done ain this worl4,, to-ent. .
"","" t" ow ... fielder m nster19ntu
....:. .f:',__ K22."7-r ,=K iti '4fi4- ;i. ttlot aminog the tle~ssed..' -'.
A t the battle of A sp ern, fouglit on :- b I 1 a-- -fields r ny-ter ,. u, :.. t.mon .t" .t s.l ,
22d of May, 1809, the French armray on- truths.-Francis. h ./ .UnderinstructionsrB the State Da- -
sisted of 75,000 men, and loat. 37,000; -, ... ,,e partmeit, pas"t are Kated tp persons .
'tItis'i great' blunder in -the pursuit of P1 ~ urt
the Austriar army was 75,000, and lost ha. liable to lnraft, nho desire ta goabroid.-..
p,,."aiuess not tq kpvw wnea *a have ." ..=; .
25,000.j happiness not t .ow when '.- eIn executing a bond, with sufficient sure- .';
At Drerden where the batlf lasted got it; that is, not to be content with a perform mitary duty or'funih a
.g .1 . I . t t o p e r f o r m _fl _~ry d u t y o r f in i .. .
two daVs, the Allihe lost 2,000 iie n rein aonable aad.passiblo measur, of it. subtitAe. .
*; 5'* 4 *'* ^ -' *"'v 1. :: '. ; i ^. / ''*' .':^ ; ^ '



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5' '* / '- & ... ...' Communications from friends at. dist akce, fr \
.". P ',lp ication, wjl be recmiveo with'p l &sur4 e ,-
AX.AL. cii. .. when embodying interesting fahtr .
S" SATURDAY,--MORNING AT KEY EW T, L =RIDA 'No ommunicatio containsi,' persona .re .
S .-' "'' .... '' ." '"i s' upon tlie characker of dvt4Jmals-winl ba -
.' admitted into oar columns, ,
: ..... .-- .., 'Marriges P'1 0 e tlhs wHI be iowrtm iaLtu." '
'. "- .....,-- ". "" -:tously,'as also bl'ief religious ibtike s. "' .
- F ., A T 1 6, .- 8 :. .e[N O 21. wi fn d.ap c! i aourcol mi . .
-' _-. RICH- MICK,, -B.. -.C "
negroes from the rebeJs.. Why, it: ii'. /killed wounded and.rnsoners, and 'the S. -" /
most enough to maike a Whole tegimn .-'n',bout 12.,000. l '
'and Goi] knows our -regirAqts are-,weak--' At the battle of Areol the Austrian .
-.n _h _i-..: ic, .--ati 1 "" loss in iled and wounds was 1800 'e;.l '- w a.'. -. -
-nrh ..,ad,- and4he- 1rench lOse 1-.0.0. 5,A 0 "-. A "-
_idnhere.i t-nga)it, to' get )ou people of U At Lutzen theI FrenIchJOt.,,WS.. 18.000-,, SOCEMo W0-A ACCO.PTIN9- .. ."
'"" -- e,, the^ Frnhou 800~K ARD ,CR4L.,.Nos.--?A fw, week.
Ikincinnati t6, raise moreientt, tpfol-l up -the Allies 15,000. si th. ..t. .., ac g o --r
-. :" : :' ./ s'incue thdo Was an vichxA~gao I r4Ger
those already in the field, If_ we 'can -, The most celebrated battle in history3', atn Sem -, laba.m .. -,hle .,a :.
finJ .. 1 i .. ..e a nd tht e "o -t fatal to the Roman. w tr loaded with federal prisdnersa- w as"
wh m H #en' ....... ... ,that Gf-,Ciizml. Han~ibal commanded -,, ,
mey,n i ,t 'nane4 d".Wke no tdoh't of .,I... H.a_.5n00ba.1 .c.. ,.Gavle on its way to'that place, it slopp-d ki
.why. we "ot d g U^ tl ^ r
Aminot, -'^es&] .... ,n the one u0 Afi sG.. station iwiere a lady.r firw apparano '
m ," '' 4 mi .i SpiU.rdl ; a al-lUlls ,t~lniliUSald rers_-1 in bl'ol, cal with a b'9ketditm
"- 'qhavq se.en..hundreds. ofro-r .boys, Trer.tius Narro 88,00Q Roman., f whom distiue i nlao ca nd ohr a rstaJr.
after a lon&,and Weary fa^'s marching, 40,0,00 we're alin.. They victoC Hanai- among soldiers..s she stepped off
'when ,they were tired o,- with the fa- bl. sentthree-bushels of rings, taken th,,) tfn,, h dressedd a .it .'
"igue a'd ,hei:_' olge.. fromr thn It6man nights on the field, k sutibbs, who ,asstandinge ar &@, ite t.: -
tigue",a. hiide Ln^ br, obl~gd^S^^ eDn ^ ,^,
t t thei weo r~no.',u r gu ,:..k...,-_!_ IIS fOW Saa tl near,ji'ta l
wen'_".1 .bor uajtphy ',Juarthage. So absorbing was w..,rds:-_;,"Nbw--doirt.. ,because tMe
to take lthe spade and turn to digging to. the stiifea*t neither party perceivedmi ..... : that lm not u thern woan o tr. .
a th t su t outh ern woman, for Iam ,, i
prcect Phtqmaelves fr(tn watchful and awful earthquake which occurred during let -e toll you, hen ou ave killed all
vigilant enemy: .These boys ought to theubattle. Thh place is now denomina- husbands, fathers d n we wo
,- L- ,,- i ted "\The Field of Rlnnd '."Thiba ure uuaantlB, latners ndons, wo wo-i
have leen able to haVe g'tt "iesuppers. .. Fiel 'f B d." -i atle n ad 'children will figfitE y0u- .' '
-[ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ b l... ..,.wt i t tolgOn Ihe214t,S6 O If N1 By, B. C.' T. "e c'
and turn iff to rest, so as.-t be-reaid" to 126 .. ., o t -s ,y .' the captain, with an'lrofjantconquet- ,. &. -
an e aY. to 126.- 1
meet' -th enemy ay 'moment and be --- abe gravity, replied to her
in a-conaitionto fight,.anh .fidht well :'THI; SEAT OF- THEl AFFECIONS12 'o wl, willyou ?--that'.your ga4
Si r / A .... I r '.,,fg".is ll, madam Well, now let m td'J. '
and if a lot of negros aAccmnpnnied the ,: There ias o aauthority in Iisto'ry, meta- tt we. h&ve get a man in; this ear -
reginients,-after a day'a smpth the boyg physics, 'er physi0logyw for plading the who can *hip any woman in this:eountry -
willlbe eble Ito. Iake -their suppers and heard-qqarters ofaCupid in the heart. .It ofIsi uuiglt.' .
e 'iitorae'h w ar TIhe lady', who had hither'to beeu irl
resti- ie g the niggers perform the labo- may, for aught we know to the 6'onti-ary. The lady, who ha hithet b iri ,
rious world which, has cost so many lives in the lungs Ir the liver.-.,n@ o; good humor. excited and cried.
04t, Brinu oina out! Bring him6u6.t _
already. Thus-the men wold be spared hqmcepa.hidts Says that love a creature can whip ,him !' Captain Stibb'fs.teppd,
1ll this unnecessary fatigue, ahd wo of the stomach, and depenlt upon the to the car and eatled for Major --, a "
supot A mJtwo{t,
be ready at any tine to m6e.tthe' foe re- 8ti aices for suppoot. And vet if a 'thickset tiftan, weighing: some two hui- -
feshed and inyigorated byipplte rest. Ioyer'should say. tothe object o-hs haf- tdre4 .an fifty pounds. The major, q-'
,re ,d and yiq-",., ..... P..... rest., oousciouf of' what wasgoing orriiff'e"
"tdo not mean to say hat you' people emotions, ._Mis, permit me tV lay my qcky to t platfrm an4 waa intro ,
of America, are unequal to the tapk of stornah and fortune' at your feet" she duced to the lady, Wti these, words,'I.orf
Nuttng"' dowq this' rebellion. I believe would think it aw -odd way of popping his Weight, recollect-rl -kid his weigh'' "..'
[t~ala Th lady, seeing. the P P g, '.ha .
we are perfectly capable ol fighting t thth question. It is, however, :. palp-. The lady, seeing the joke, h 4 ese' .
thirrg through ourselves, an.lo thanks ble absurdity io reprne.itt theaiwarts of enoughto join the crowd in .,heahy.,
to-1ihe Englishman, Fren-ir-onA, or to lovers as in flames, or transpierced: with a-- -' -, :
the Ethiopian. '[Imnmense applause.] In barbed airowa, because it is manifest o FRENCI CaSOLES IN THE REBEL ";
"etEth.o.i....M. A efir.--tA.newspaper correspondent at
times of -reatexcitemient like the pres- thait a person witha vital organin a tata Wn-tr. e wsrI co'spondn -a *
'T 1 'I astat ftchoserVa., wrItes' as'(ok~ow
,ent a simple prejudice rnacy''do an im- of conibustion oron a skewer, would bIe., It ia a remarkable fact that tlieSixth;, -.
iaense amount of evil. A: greased oar- at the point of death, and therefore in- Seventh, eighth, and .Ninth,:Regimpnt-
etrie^rodeel-'t_S, -t.elion. It capable 'of ourtinxw. And yet, if this of Louisiana Infantry were prc.awnf at "
notw'ithstanding all these prejudice that. popular fiction be discard-e.-'what -e-- utt.sL.ouisiWachr, .ge.he witb.'
-,. ,'- -" . '. .i- -- ' -m-s,,f*-.... ._...^,,..,. Whv eat's Louisiana "jgers an4 'two bat-
have bWee in.tiled into thime mnind o oes of the valentine trad erie of Loiiana artill -
some of ouia boy.', When 'out troops .a..e :a among all the prisoners taken or wounded
m the. hospitals here, lnot one F'rench
Worn' out with' fighting against superior OEE -bZoP A'r TIMr.-Have you ever,. te hospitals herent one rech
foos hen outlmCerd and cul to watcheao cclaset formed Y uo- eo appears, nor a igle Frenchomali
fzsi'When outM'mbe'red and eaut to wa e' s, ~ici 61.i omd~ ~ Oo oegnhrh
'- "' . / ~ ..... oflloreig hirth. ..
piecs,. with every hope gone, and noth -'iced how it froze one ToR at A time Un- Thus w' have four and T'halfetio '.
ing but destruction starting them In the til iPt was a foot long or-'more. If .the menis and two full batteriet'in the re!l ....
face, then, I s'ay, if white men should wat"r was clear, 0hc icicle rmined -service in thi's valley, in which there'ari '
... ., probably none, or searoely a eorporal'i,.-
hear the sweet, music of tne rifle even clear ata sparkled brightly inthe -n 0 b aby on, osre.'
though in nigger hands, thmy'would like but if-the water was butslightly mudio t cls of the Loisiaapo.
was azgm udolit'.rIou It is &. to pesu thuerefore-
, amazingly, ahd be woudcrfult, glad of the icicl l0oGed 'foul, and its beauty .was that nohe, or scarcely any, of that casff -
it" ( spoiled.' Just'so'our characters are.form- of population, comprising dfie-thtid at '
S... / i -,ne little thoughtor feelingt a leo4st of the entire white population of ;
lBATTLEt- ,OFt FORMER 'TI S t ouisana, ar faivoalbfe to disunien.
r T. ..tL -O 'rEr -- "time adds its Ijnfluece. ll'evy toght They arb proverbially a. brave ana gal- ,:- ..
:. "T h s t o r tl i n, r e p o rt s o f 2 6 0 ,0 _0 U n io n T h e -i i. p r-"-rbi-a lly e, ... .- ., '
- st ri re t o 2,be.pue add right, thbe soil'will. belovely lantrace.They figt as quickly and dar
Adoss and 40,000, rebel) loss .at the recent and wi, pa ... i u but f t h q
,. .. .. .' and will sparkle with .appnemss but, ifingly.asany ~race odf the'-gl oe.,' .t. ..
great battle before Richmond, thoughkle th ingla s'.,y race or .h
no" doubt greatly 'exaggerated, have very impurie and wrong, thera will be final :d A Every man has i-his own life folliesr .' '
naturally called up a comparison of. figures formity and wretchedness. enough-in the performance oi his'du- "
with some of the celebrated sanguinary ties, deficiencies enqugh--if his fortire, :, .
struggles of former -times. The battle A WIFE's INYLAUENCE.-A married man evils enough, without minding other peg-' "-
of Waterloo was fought oi. the 18th of, falling i,,.o misfortue, iB' ore apt to pie's buiness. -. '
June, 1815. Allied army on the 'round e .. .. ". ... .-- .... "
J72000 men 1 .and oss abouth50000 men retrieve his situation in the world than a The wina is unseen, but -it cor-li the
Napoleon's arany 80,000 menn, arid -loss single one, chiefly because his spirts .are brow of the fevered one, sweetens the.. s
40,000 rmera. ; somhedl and retrieved bydseetie -e-z summer atmoaphqre'--d:ripples he bur. ..
L-uL &L-AdLr ace of the likke jutdr siLverpng *O~f
, Battle oTr^fa, fqug~bt on the 4th of dearments, and his slfres-pect- kept a thl.n ie.n1,o ,, -;
OOctoher, 1806. Frecnh army 80,000meii; 3 by finding that although ilalroad beauty. So, goodness 6f, eit, k :"-
iPrussian's lost 3}0,000 men in killed- aud ibe ta ,.,-
wound'ed, and ne--ly as many prisonerst be darkness and- humilation, Vet there presence felt; and fro &rare efrects upon'5 '/
, making nearly 60~00 men in .al, ,and is a little w."rld of love0 at hpwo 'over surrouziding th~ing. we $re l~sued of its '-. ..
the French 14,000 in all.. which he j' a monarch.- i.. it exiiten'e. o "- "*-. ; "
At the'-battle -of Borodino, the Rus- -,Ho'r' LB.-Tp act..wit- com-non .
sian army was 132,060, and the French ,,.NIMArB sI"LLED BYTHE COLD.-Yis*'sense, according to tie mom.e"t. is 't
aarmy bout the same. This is said t6 be. ...e.. ooloic" G'\ 'arden. v best wisdom I know; and the best phil- .
the most murderous and obstinately ltora to tne-Z Oo bewsekw atarhens, eog ,0 ,oe' -d,. '
fought battle on record, in which the and old, will be sorryto hear that the n- osopt torhdo one's duiestll tie the d -,
elemeittoomeeathebmithespe hfulswetled6th'
French lost in killed', -wounded and clement weather, which has sbelled.the'lot, bless the goodness that has given. us "
.prisoners 50,000, and thtrRussians about weekly bills of mortality, has. been very so much happiness with. it, whateverit i.'
the same number-making in all 1OOOOO fa tpt 'n t and despiseat-ctat'
men in on ",til 1" dens. The" noble "Nbihan' "lion, whQ had" -, "i ...
h battle of Austerhtz,Tought oa the b araenl "ad -" Those 'me the m 0ot.Valablo I that are -.
second of December, 1805. French been twelve years in the gardens, aud the most serviceable ; sad, those are the .. : "
ermy 80.000 men ; Russian ann Allies was the admiration of /all visitors, is greatest, not that h&.e the most ltTentu,' "t
about 100,p00. The French lost 12,000, dead. fin the afternoon he was apparent. but hat wB thoq they posses" the moat-' .
and the Allies lost 30,000 in killed would- jy well, and in- the morning he was useflaiy. .*" -.. -. *"- .- :
dan prion '2: fou' ," n ,'. ,",
edaid ptsoneba s. f W r. -oen d by the keeper lying Uit and cold A man foi~dr guilty of a felony att~he ', .* -
In the battle l ,agtram, ta'o'en s den. A os rt e a minaton Central, Criminal Court the other day, eh -
arms .was 175,000 mn, a-d'the A'tnat nhis den.:, A post rtem eama treated'the court t'" deaI'lenieatly with"



:' :: "-POT 'e F
f" .\ .. ., .

Special INsTotces.
CoepoIden'ta wishiug inforqnmfiom oakaniy.
subjct, can have th'-r queries a awered our .-'
coluyini, but brevityfiU.all causes, is abao'utely



../*' 'wara-: ."ftw

1V'--i--;;-h ~ '-- IrT-B WID~*Ptl~ -ia~

'aC/TI B S EWOC -- Edito'r.
'./ItCHAUi B,)-CE--!io'

X.Y WEST, FLA. SEPT. '6th, 1862.
X W R, T. o ,

S- With *'hat aching, hearts and stolen
e, wiyes,,wllthe last -and pliresent editions
of f th* "New Era"be'ii at"'home! '`Tis
1 .here that the wif& illi tirst learntte
ji widow, th'j;,raother receive tile.fir!j
tid;tG of the death of atn only sonB'Ue
fond'sister that God has ealleda brother
to hii lon1g home; the. dar.and loving child
will know that the kind and affectionate
S faithqrles in',.the cold grave in.a distant
S land. No kind friend to break time tidings tthem.eitly, and prepare .them ome-
what, for the' blow. that will come -with
Crushing weight, 'so atmddei and sopunex-
pected., And those ,dear oves, who Will
S linger in ,uncertainty, "watQhig for, Tet
earful to glance at the listofdea thq. ,Oh,
(lie fearful and anxious eare-thc 'dread
uncertainty of next tidings:; -
^ -; Ajnd witliHns tfiha 'are left'to mournr
i.; losskof our'comraJes'and know no in how_
many hours we may be' mourned for. The
i: insidious' disease goes stalking tlihrougfh
our midst at noondayr atd it night, gives
'ut little warning to itgvictims; it can
'fancied hpproachinga group who are
wsiling the loss of a comrade,) and sie'ct-
ing jts victim, hesitating a( others, paxss-
g ii ongvbut yo yet 4one-lingeri rig, in
-'.- oertaintyn-fumore food- J
'The fi tios'soufitenanOeofC'atl(gus
rises to view, wiilewith iasvi-gej'-'y he s triuniph-
'*. ing in our miseri.s., '- > -
A board, perhaps, may'tell some wandei.
e,' r where lie our cherished dead-when
they came and when they ware called
away, bu' that soon will-refuse to bar
-.\ their, record! Timnes effacing fingers
% will be busy 'bn its surface, at length
.i wear it smooth, the record molds and
rots, and mingles withthe dirt of heroes,
,'-and martyrs, who 'have sacrificed them-
S- "e-es upon the altar of their country:
L ifo is a sea asfatbhonl .-. ,. -
S \ As wide. as terrible, and yet sometimes
Ascalm and beautiful The light ofhea'en
Smiles on it. and 'tie dcked with ev'ry hue, "
Ofglory and of joy. Anondark olouda
S- Arise, contending winds of fate go forth,; ,'
Arjliuiopo sit, weeding o'er a general wreck," .,

S. DECiSiV E. 'A-T IN., .
"-.** .' *-. I iV I- .'" '*ilT N ; r .* ':
; The course Udopted by Col. Moirgan in
Srelation t the employment of persons of
'African descent, ,v4il meet with a hearty
response fjom thf w'hple North. 0 The
'- v rnn of hbi Yeginwnt have.' been doing
." work that'shi"uldliave been one by the
Negroes of Key \est ; .ihe'.cosequenceo
S is that they ar&- owv unfit to perform the
S necessary duties. Alric in labor has been
sought ,or; in fact ,ihe aost vigorous
', measures have been resorted to in order
2',* ... 4.... .. ... .. -. ,- -
S -prooura it, ,This /has been'ket with
Ssuchan'adverse feehni' y the residents
of Key West,' that the Colonel has deter-
rn ined to end thi@ 'nra trr afonpe and for-,
.\ever. 'By his or0er all negroes who seek
'employment, '-will "be pu t-to, work and
their wage paid. The-se measures Qn-
"i',. the part of the Cn'oiel"-wilH"relieve his
'men from arduo;is duty 'intlhe heat'of.
'the sun, an4 danger of infection. ": ,-
''... '^* And *e say' h'at those who are not
,... fir us are against us. No "more trifling
,;- f with traitors and secession sympathisers.
/ What is deemed necessary foa-the service.
i _*of government, will be donsi Colonel
1 "' Morgan has de'ternined to take \the re-.
s, .,i sponsibmihy, and be the judge. .If -the
s' same spirit was only carried out, through
-- .... the entire armv, .this relehlion would soon
,, be put down. While some~ oeurcom-
mandors hav.been' fooling with the

)nrahches, Col. Morgan' ia struck' a final
San l seaHug blowV at th;e root. A litHtle
; Jacksontan spirit in times hk t '- is,
i. .. \ o **' *
eheeringindleed. I "-. -7
4 "- ^ "^ '-=.V> :

'The American bark '' Nazarin' from
Minilitl'an,. bound .to 'London, put intQ
S th'iporwt in distress. having been twenty-
... ie day, from the former' port, short:'of
. -- provisions -anrd iv *',, -sieck ; in fact
but one man left to work the ship. Dr.
"'Hoffmtan, the Healt l fer, reports that
S the officers and crew Lre a" cited wiibth'
thee Meican feyvei\ 'CbmmodoroLard"
nv r sent a boat frpm'the Fla ship and
Sbraought thiE vessl into port-,

-'. ..; '. ." ; .

S. :- (

Col. lMoigan owLtile Enaforcesaent
of the Preiidenit's Order.
qol. Morgan hI's issuodt0e, following
important order : -
iHead4uarters, KeyWest,t Camp Mor-.
gan, 90th Regt., N. Y.Y., Sept 5th 1862.
SThe Col. Commanding directs, the at-
tention of the officers and soldiers of this
command to the following Executive or-
derhby the Presideit, which has .been of-
iicially published : ,
War Department, Washington, July 22-
'irst-Ordered, -that military com-
manders within the states of Virginia,
South Carolina, Georgiaj Florida; Alaba-
rma, Mississippi, Lotuiiaita, Texas aind Ar-
kansaS, ,in an orderly manner, s-eize -arid
use any property, re4z or personal, which
may be necessary or coiinenieAtfor their
several commands for supplies, or for
other military, puirpoes, and that, while
property may he destronved for' proper mil-
itiary o0ie.ts, nono shall, be Adestroyed it
wantonness or malice. -.
Second-That military aud naval coma
manders shall employ as laborers, within
and from said states, so ragny.per.rone of
'African descent as can be advantageous-
ly used for.military or- naval purposes,
giving'thlem reasonable wages for their.
labor. ... : -: '
Third--That,, a- to both prop-ertj" and
persons of'Afric'an desceilt, accounts shall
be kr'pt sufficiently accurate and in detail'
\tosfhow quantities and amount, and from
whom both property and such persons
shall have come, of a basis upon which
compensation' :n abe, made in proper ca-
.es; and the, several departments of this
government shaill attend to and.perform
theii appropriate parts, toward's the exe-
cution of these orders.: -/
By order oflithe Pri-ident,.'
-" '/ Secr.tary, ofWar.'A -
j I .4.- *
A necessity having occurred by the
prevailing.epidemic, for the: employment
of persons -ii African descent, 'including
th&'se held to irvice or labor under state
laws inri the various'Departments of. this
,command, the Prvost Marshal is autho-
rised ,tq employ such.'persons', seeking
employment, anil send them ilo the-IHead-
quarters of the Quartermaster. 'And it
hliall be the duty of the Quartermr'ssrt6
a& lists to bermado sufficient
in detilt, show irom whom such per-
sons *ha)L have corie.'
PersQa0s so subject and sO empployd
havye always underst-ood that after being
received i'1o the Military service of the
United States in any capacity, they could reclaimed by their former -own-
era, (except they did understand it in tbhis.
Way, Ith.order of the President would be
inoperative.) The Colonej commanding
Stierefore, aind from precedents already
established, feels authorisedC:to declare
that all persons so, employed as above
stated, ial receive permanent military
- protection against a.' compulsory return
to a'conditioaof afrvitude. : .
- No influence mrust-be used to egtice
'slavev from their rn-asters, a'nd if fugi-
tives desire to return -to their, masters
they will be per'mitted1to o ; but ',n the
other,.hand, no force or, und-ue:persuamion
will be permitted to recover such fugi-
tive property. -
S^Oficers of the rrmy, from General's to
Lieutenants, must not employ such fugi-
lives fgr servants. -The government f ro-
v'ides to each offioeir a distinct pay 'for his,
'Servant, and this is ample for thi hire' of
'fa ~ ee m an.' ... .. 1"J .. .. =- ... .. ** *l ..
- fr '-. i -' .. .
:-;- By command of
/ J.P. Raymond, .
SstLieut. and Adjutant.

The elenlistment of men in' the North is
goingg on !.i-dly, and it is already ap-'
parent that several .states winl fill up
their quotas under /both 'calls widjout a
,- -- .. /*"C '. -!} ';
resort to draft,'and we have every reason
to believe that that bore the, firt of


...! .. KEY WEST. '
WAHANG'rtoN CITT, August 26th, 1862..
SCol. D*., D. TOMPJXNS, Asst. Quarter-
master',neral, New.York.
COLONEL? In accordance with a ug-.
.gnstion"' contained in a letter from Col
lo.rgan,'eommanding at Key West, Flor-.
ida,' of thie Adjutant General, all .steamrtrr'
employed by the Qhuartrmasterp' Depart-
ment, sailing form New York'for Parts in
the Gulf will '.hereafter be prepared to
\drop'. mail at Said Key light house,
7herc a- boat will board the,= frori the
Fort ih Key Welt. You" willl mriale the
fJ" 4 / (.

necessary arrangements to carry this or-
der into *l'ect. It will make it necessary
for the steamers to lay ofi'Sani K,,-y if
They arrive there during the night, but
still it is important to' keep up comnmuni-
catio iwith Key 'est and the Tortugas.
Very r:'spectfully your obedient se'vant,.
u; ,uarterlnaster General

"WASHINGTON' CiTY, Aug. 26. '1862.
COL. ,JOSEPH S. MDRGA,, Commanding
at Key West, Florida,-. :
-COLONEL :--Your letter of the 4th inst.,
to the Adjutant-General, relating to in-
creased M'ail facilities atKey West, has
been refereil to this offi'. ".:
The action yoY'suggest, providing that
steahmeri in the servicA of the QOuarter-
Master's Department, passingySand Key
Light House. should be prepared to drop
mails into boats sent from the Fort to re-
celve 'them, has been taken. X ybu
will see fromn the order this day, given to
Col. Tompkins, Asirtant-QfO a4ermastet
General, U. S. A.,rNew Yorkl, on the
subject, a oopy of which it respectfully
transmitoed Slierewith, \fJor ybur 'informa-
'*tion. ^. '* 1 .'' ,. ;
,: Very Rescpectfully, ';
S'.' ". ,YourObt. Survent,
u a t. i.. C. MEIGS.nrl

\ /.. :. ,i '* \ \
Col. Morgan has arrested tw6.notori-
,ous Secessionists, oie of them,. Captain
, was formerly master of the Rim
-" Manassas", and commando of her at
th0 "battle of Misissippi. Thi other
givs his ntme as Capt.;Marks, and states
that ,he is a Captain in the'rebel army.
and has been given a furlough arid autho-
rity to pbrcehaie arms, and- was on -his
way, to Havvna for that purpose. Itis
expected they will be seift'North s8 pris-
oners Qf war, or turned over to dthe ten-,
.det mercies of Major,Gan. Hunter.

Mi. W. b. Cash, of 'Key West. and in
tie employ of ,-Wall & Pitkliney, has
beei arrested and confined in. Fort Tk1y-
[or, for;alleged secession sentiments.'

-hiPTpoRTAT ,BusixLss MaN.---As
there are many persons who wish to-com-
mpunicate with the different bureaus of
the,' War Departm.ent, a inem6randutm of
the proper persons to address many be
usful t0 our readers:
All letters relating to pay of soldiers
on furlough or in hpspitls, should be ad.
dressed to Gen. F. Lamed, Paymaster
Applications for back pay and the'S100
bounty of deceased soldiers-should be ad-
dressed to Hon..E. B. French, Second Au-
ditor. \' "
'Applications for pay tetamstcrs, em-
ployees p Qouartermaster' D-epartment,
'or for hoises killed in service, should be
addressed to Hoii. R I. Atkingon, Third
Auditor./ -
Applications relating to pay and boun-
ty in the marine 'or naval service should'
be addressed to Hon. Hobart 'Berrian,
"" 'W .: ."
Fourth Auditor. -
Letters concerning soldiers in the army
'ah'ould be addressed to Adjutant Gen.
LIorentz Thomas: --
,' \' .. -
The undersigned gratefully, acknowl-'
edges one barrel books, tracts and papers'
fromthe Brooklyn Young Men's Christian
Association,, anad. a parcel of Books and
Trats,' from the Proteta'nt Episcopal
Evangelical Society, N 'Y:; for the 90th
Regt.' We are grateful to knoow that at
this distance from our friends we, are not
forgotten. J .
J. Q. BASS, Chaplain.
.Sept. 1st 1863,
NOT IMPROBABLi'-The Memphis Ava-
lanche makes bitter complaint thatthe
men who now refuse to. accredit the
Confederate Government aiu -take its notes,
are'the individual who were the first and
foremost to tush the country' into- the re-
bellion---an who resolved to "spend
their last dimre," 'and "spill their last
drop of bloodd" to "vindicate the rights
of !the South-'" Of course they were.
That class of men.are usually the first to
come down from their high estate under
a like jirssure. "



S The enemy drive n at 41 pbintu.
Grand forward movement of the
whole ariy under Gen. Halleck.'
hoeAre:... ; ..
SWe have received a' copy of the N(4'
York Times ofthe 30th ui., with impor.-
tant news from the scene of active 6pera-
tionts 'AA dispatch- fromz;'r en. Pope, to
Gen. Halleck, dated; the, 2th. of August,
states he it now at ManassasJunc't, hav-
ing dipcovered,'a large force of the ene-
my was turingour right flank towatds
that place. He had diviMded'hw army. and
sent part of them to initerpose' between
the force of the enemy.; The division Gf
Gen. Hooker marching towards Manassas
came upon the -enemny near Kettle: Run
on' the afternoon of the 27th, and after a
sliarp,iction, routed them completelykill-
ing and wounding.'300, capturing caraps-
and baggage, and -nany stands of arms.
That'porning the .command pushed
rapidly to Manassas Junction, which the
rebel Gen. Jackson- 'had evacuated three
hours before and retreated toCentetville,
took the turnpike towards Warrenton,'
He, was met six miles we-st of Centerville
by McDowell and Sigcl late ,that after*
soon, a sev-re fight took piaot,-which was
tetminatead by .darkness.:-- The- enemy
was drivent back at al.-points,.,1and thus
the affair res.ts. HeinttzLeman's corps
was expected to move on him at daylight
next morning from Centurville, and'we do
not sce how the enenmy'is to escape with-
out heavy loss. We have captured 1,000
pirisoners, tnany arms, and one piece of
Artillery. .
The army of Jark-oa is thus cut off
and will be destroyed.
A later diL patch states that Geni. Burn-,
side, and Pope, had cut their way
through the rebel fotc-s to Manassas, and
iha Iormfe4--a- Jurction with McCTlctlln.
It is generally believed that an extensive
forward movement was to be made by
the whole army on the 29'.h, under Gcn.
McClellin, Involving a great battle, but
the result, if it has taken place, is notyet
known to us-

Virginia-August I : The rebels un-
der Stor'e*all Jackson retreated' across
the Rapidan river under cover of the
night; our troopsunder. General Buford
following in pursuit. August 3: After
an elaborate correspon4ence between the
rebel General Lee and Gen. Hlalleck-in
reference to the treatment of prispriers of
War, the latter returned a letter of the
former on the grouud that it was disre-
spectful to.,the government, August 9:
General McClellan' issued an order to en-
force the Confiscation and Emancipation
act in accordance with the President's
proclamation. August 13 : General Pope
ordered a reconnoisance in force 'of the
enemy's position in and aro'ud slaughter'
Mountain. August 15: The last of
General McClellan's Army' evacuated
Harrilson's Landing--the movement hav.-
ing occupied several days.'
Washington-August 14-: Secretary
Stantbn issued~an order for drafting to
begin September I. August 14: The
President received a deputatioh of colored
men, and made a speech, recommeriding
the 'emigration of the freed blacks to
Central America, ,and offering govern-
ment help theJrfor. August 14: Secre-
tary Stanton extended the-time for com-
mencing the draft to Wednesda9; Sept.

Tennessee-August 11 : The rebel
guerilla Morgan-captured the -town of
-Gallatin. August 12: A part of the
rebel'force was surprised at Gallatin by
Colonel Miller; several rebels killed and
captured. Aug. 3 : General W. T. She-f
man issued an order for'tile military cm-
'ployment of slaves in Tennessee, in ac-
cordance with the President's proclamrna-
tion. Aug. 9 : The rebels retreated to
Tazewell by General de Courcey. Aug.
17: The railroad bridges nearNashvi-1e
Were burned by the-rebels. .
K-ntuck)--August. 15 : GovIrnor Ma.
goffin resigned, and John F. R obinson, a.
Union iman, suceetled him.
Louisiana---Augus't 2 General ButlerI
prohibited General Phelps from seizing
negroes, and the same day the latter re.
signed, but Gen. Butler refused to accept
the resignation. Aug. 5: The rebel
forces under John C. Breckinridge attack-
ed Baton Rouge, but were defeated' with


THE PRKv,eI'rEPiDr.Mic.-The nor"* -
-tality among the troops -has been Very
-great since our last'iasue ; to-day there ,
seems to be an abaterhent, it bot three
new cases have t'eense'nt to t'; Hospitail
ana some ten ortwelve'diseharge4 con- "
valesceat. The sick at- the Barraco0nM -
hqyvebeen removed to the. Officer's -sIopi-;
tal, and the; former place -abandoned., i ,
Dr. Whitehurst ha been engaged, and ,
the' latter hospital ia iuder his4Control. '
A "- .' ^. ,'" '*_ '
At Fort Taylbr, the satiet h, have ,ear-
ly all becnd ischarged,, convalescent, and ':
but one new case reported; 'the mortal. -
tf nere has not been great, owing proba
bl-y to immediate action and vigorous re-o, .
medics. Weha'aeltesrd-of nonew&eae* d x
in the city, a-id we, a e cheered with the ., ,
hope that we have 6ei# the worst,\"-nd "
that ihe fever will soondisappear from the '
island. -" "
1 -^ *.

/ =--" '
N-w MAL AnANGEMENT3s.-T.h&"..Shr.
Nonparel, with C01. Morgan and a se-.
leet I aty of gentlemen 'on board, yisitd .
!Sand Key Light, yesterday, for the
purpose of completing -the arrange-
ments fxor the' seamers from the North
to stop at "the Lighbl, where a Iwatwill -
be in readiness to t*ke the mail from, '
them. It is a notorious fact that in two
or three instances we have receivedV-
later news from the North via. New Ori
leans than by o.ur own mail, and the .
steamers passed in sight of Kgy West.
All hail to the new Mail raciitios.

..NEW PoTAToES.---Tno Schooner Fi-.
rida. Capt. Mott, rr m New York,"has-
supplied our stores with an abundance
of New Potatoes. They are selling at -'-v.
reasonable prices, so we may oncludo
that this, is feast time,, for it is either a:"
-feast or a famine in Key 1rest. -
/ 'A '
About a ,ear ago one' of the iliostira-
ted papers had a 'picture"' representrt t :
Abraham Lincoln untangling a keint of"
thread that he had inherited frpm Jamie,
Bjuchaian,. He ha-1 taken out some short
pieces, and was stoopimgL dowii, patiently
working at the rest. Abrah-af Lincoln ii -P
still at'work at the tangloedthroaed/ Ai, ,
never since the Creation bas any mi,
shown euch patiened as he has. l ouvi
catechism days, when asked wlc wa& the
most patient mant, we ewuld aniwet Job,.
now, we should say Abraham.
Abraham like Job has had many friends
and counsellors mohis trouble's. *All tay
t iat the tangle must be straightenedout,
and all.profess to be willing to help, Tttt *1
they differ greatly as' to the means. -
A great while ago' a man lived whose."
name was Adam, 'and he was "the oniJ
man that did. liAe at that'time-since-ta 's -
lime a kreat many have lived, but all, :
of them have been descendedcfrom A:da .
-one of these men was named Ham,
and from some cause or other his de-
scendants have get in the way olC being
born black, instead of white or red, or -
copper-colored-no6W tjqie black* people, "
some say, have no right that a white
man is bound to replec't--nd they -tave
been made the slaves ,.'. othe'- men,,n
This slavery+ has .,been tolqraited so longn.
that it 1)as become ,a mighty power, apd ,-
is now just as much mixed up in this
tangle as the skein ofsi'lk Was- in tao '
bird's nest. -' '
The sword has been used freely fotia
year past, and is -making 'ad havoo,,
friendss as well as foes, are' filling 'by
thousands, but still' there i'the' tangle',
ard there it will be till the blackf- mam -
can be got out of it. ,v.. "
Sonme tell )ou to hang the aibolioft--
i~ts. That would end the trouble un-
doubtedly, but if all who art, opposed to '
slavery are abolitionists, the-hanging o C''
them would be a good deal '6f trouble,
and would -leave the world very much a.
it was left after the deluge-with very
few inhabitants.
It is said that the pen is mightier tUk -
the sword-try it Abraham.
Proclaim Freedom to the black maix, -
his reward for helping 4o untangle thq
tangle-and the tangl, will Isoon be uM-.:
tangled.--N'rwark Me, eury.



J ,


, f


Or selrwv- 'w- WPY; ir^'I

heavy loss ; the federal commander, Gea.
Williams, waakiled, and Brcodnridg
was bodly w,_unded :. : r r.g :
M "assachusetts- -August 12 Geyernii
Andrews issued an orde ,to permit the6
enlistment of colored men.
New York-August 12 : The.WaXDe-
partment issued a.kpecial order, extenfd-".
ing the time for enlistiehnt in the -state tad
September 1. -Auguat 16 and V7., Great
war meetings in Brookl'n ; the board of
Supervisors 'Appropritted $21000& "tori,
the pavmentof b6unties.-Aug,%18 : GOT. .
-Morgan ordered the ehrollmeat for thi
draft to beq-gin f-u 'flhith.I

: '( (i> *** *^ ^ ^ '' ^!'-V 1'*'*' *

I -,

" .

: T.>




_ ________________________ _________

Since, t6e ITuinsville"' lia1 been in
Sport, she has lost two most yaluable offi-
S ersby the epidemic-Dr. Samuel Gould,
and the paymaster E. D. Barton. Their
brother officers speak in the highest
term of.themn' and Mr.,. 11'. Rose, En-
gineer of the vessel, who was with then
iA their lasIt moments, and who knew
'them w~-l, assures ui that the service
S has, met with a great loss in the death of
those officers-both of them young men,
., ut during the short timep they have been
in the service, they-had ,won the go'o0
opinion 6f all wiih wh'nom they oaide in
'contact in their- official or private capaci-:'
ty. /Dr. GoulJ was from Boston, 'and
MrE.Barton from Troy, N. Y.

Head'Quarters, Port Jeffersgn Fla.
-August 21st, 1862.
The Chief Surgeon 'of this post hav-
ing by superior orders, been t.ranefer.-
Sred to another commaiind, and it having
been raprevented to the Comimaidirng
Officer c thiss garrison by Dr. Holder
'of the Engineer Departilent, that any
extra duty on his partwould, be incoa-
patable with th he isch argue of the heavy :
duties already incumbent on himn and,
considering tiat the most.vital interest
of the post -requires,- that under the
circumstances, the measures' adopted
by the Commanding Officer,' should be
aided by the enlilittCned advieq and co-
operation of his fellow ofcers,
Therefore it:is hereby ordered ,s fol--

1st, The Board of Health, instituted
by Special Orr No. 22, is herelby dis-
solved, and it. niembers gratefully
S thanked for tieir services,
2d, A new board of health is hereby
appointed, to consist of Capt. -W G/'
STckaberrv, Chairmnin ; Capt. 1. Niis ,
Dr. Chairman, Dr. Holder 1st Lieint. N.-
R ill] and A; Thurm, Hospital Stew- '
:*r .
: d, dt shall be the duty of the Board
to meet as often" as they may, think ad;
vantagous, tQ disc's ind pirolpose such
Measures, as they hiink useful for the
preservation of the public Health on,
this Island. '.
4'th, The Mfticer of tie Day will M
henceforth litlit himself to the -strict I
enfi'reemertt of military duty, a8,d dis-
ci"iline ft the gnr-i.on. vliillt the host
']ioroughi policing of the .'- hole IslaJnd, 9
'will be placed under thre uperintend- -
ence of C('a1t- Nili awl Provost; Ser- ,
; ea'rt MeNiamaran. Ist. Lieut. WV. R1.
lill vill attend, together. with the Mt,-
t? lical Officer, to the boarding of vessels
arriving. and to the pol-.nrg of the har-
b oi. : .. .-.. :
1By Order, of L. W: TINELLT
L 'eut.Col. 60th Regt. N'Y. 8. V.
b. ,. ... .'. Comnimanling Post, ,
I, PL G0t. BNNEiTr, Posut Adjuant..

S; .-~ August 2 th, -862. $
On the recomnien action of the Board I
:15.;:, -4" t-tath, 'ppointe S by special Order -
o. 27,- no more laborers, workmen, or
other civili'anns coming from Key West,
Fla or other infected places, will be per-'
mritted to land at this Post,' or at the
SQniranitine grounds without an express
I kaye of the Coimmranding officer; which'
must lbe'obtained before leaving such ins-
S fected ports for Tortugas.. -,
.. .This will sot .apply to officers, po -ol--
S : dies ordered hwrh oQadity, who will at '
all times bewplcomed to this island, af- t
ter having tindergone proper Quarantine, j
at theirounds for that purpose estab<
lished. )
ThyBoard of Health will have this pub
S lihshed in the Key. West "; ERA," and ear /
S ried into execution. '

, -,- > :Lieut, vol. 90th Regt, N:.Y.. ,V.
S- a, .-,:,, GCommrunding Post.

11 I I eied,
SOnboard Flag Ship St. Lawrence, Aug.
27th, James Krim,s Carpenter.U. . .
S Philadelphia Papers, pl ase copy.
O,, n board 8teamer Huntsville, on Sun.
S4ay, 31st ult, James Burns, Mariine.

7 -,

' /- :
A7 : 'r '


Sept e lt,. loop G,; G. King,"Foxgaty
Havana ; Sept. 2d, British Schooner Ven trasa, Roberts, Harbor Island ;,,d, Schr.
Belle of tbl Cape, Terz, H-avana.
Sept. '2d, Brig Fannie, .,Lereptiison,.
New Yeoh; 5ti, $chr. BR.-B. Howlett,
SSome, Philadelphia ; Schr. Florida,
'. Mtt,.New York; abip L. P. Whitney,
A' Avtry, Nw Yolk.

Remaiiling inw the P)st OSfice,
West, August 30, 186*3 :

Albany, 'nis 2
Arnold, E!wood,-
Arnias, Franhsco do
-Addison, Ge-jrge .
Bernardez, Angil 0 Le-
Broclker,'John ,
Brigtewater, Francis
'Bronson, John '2
Bennett, Nargaret
Barnard, Sarah J.
Brotherson, Mohes
Bryant, James
Brooks, Jas Fi '
Berry. Samuel\
B-therl, Nict.lais J
Byai'n, Mrs. ,
3Bement, Oscar W
Bowen, Joseph F
Bxown, George
Bushy, Joseph'
Brown, Theo E
Bliss. Mrtshal
Boyvl, James
Burk, James ,
Boyle, Catharine
Brown, 'co H ,
Beman,, Herr C
Boyle, Jno. E (Capt.)
Beerer, Jams WXW
Ble, Kate
Vrown, sanmiel H
Cn6dor, Juan,2.
Congola, Josaph.
Cogter, JamesiH =2
Crawford, Wm- S-
Coaeland, GUorge `
Corson, Allen -H
Cook, Edward
Call, James L M
('olenab, Jehn
Coirtney, Jaremigh
Church,'T L ,
Carver, wXm.'S. !
0 tocker;, ',C.
Cofson, 4, A-
Olingman, J B
Cook, Charles
Ohampney,'1 W
Goss, John
Cook, Franois P.'
Daf2nan,. John
Oolvin, Perry .
Clark, Cornelius "
Cook, Win. W.
,assidv, Thos. ..
Person, Allen H.
Outhbertson, Jas. E.
owns, Harry
Urabenstad, Geo: .
Deane, E. W,
Davenport, Martii
Draper,'W B.D
Donnt, Peter
Darr, Edward 2.
Dunining, Chas.' .
Duncan, Aleainder
Donley, 'Jonn
Drury, Adolphus ,'
E4wards, Win. K.
English, Geo. M.
Erwin, Wm 2.
Emery, Amaziah
Figert, F. -
Eldridge, nm. J,
E ngllsh, Margaret
Egan. James
Eserto, Charles
Eiliott, Henry M.
Fisk, Sophia M.
Ford, Mkhael '
Preeman, Win.
Fish, EraStus.,
Fogarty, John,
Freeman, Adolphus
Forester, Habnah
Finegaan Joseph
Farr.l, Edward
Fosdiak, Geo A.
Fleuing, C.K.
Fauintleroy, A. ,R.
Fritainger, Chas.
Ferguson, A.
Furman, John W.

Grindall, Aui g .,
Granger, Charles
Gqbdrich, Chauncey
Garrettsou, Job i 2
Codfrey, Benj. J.
Grindal, Augustine 2
Litlis, Joseph
GaidyJhlmn G. .'
Gray, rharles :
Gonzalez, Ftancis
Gross, Michael
Ginepp, Oalamore
Guilford, George
Galliehcr, Rlcnard
Gaffnoy, John
Giblin, 'Patrick
Gerish, Martin L
Goodwin., Sewail -l
Gable,E'la 'I
Getter, Henry
Gaeene, ~Levi R .
Garven, George 2
GoNez', Andrew
Gally, Anthony


at Key,

Jenkins, Chas
John3ton, 'Virginia, S
James, Charles
Keagen, James
Klintman, Adolph L
Karson, William
Kemp, Samuel
Ke-sler, J W,
Kozier, W 8
Kempster, Wm
Loridre, John
Livingsten, C H
-Lam'ies, Barnado
Lavalle, Albert
Lloyd, JeFeniah
Luigi, Pianu
Langwvorthy, A B 2
Lavely, Albert
Laodensclager. Joseph
Lafield, Robert

MIarL-e, Chas F.
May, Robert
McCall, Fames L
'Maddocks, John
Morgan, Thomas 4
MeAlrister, 'Arthur
Martei/, Wm F
Mitchell,;A '
AM-imeyer, W W
Leader, B P
Madgan' John
Madge John
Mahoney, George S 2
Morison, George M
Moran, Thomus
Mcslane; Michael

Newum 'Win
Nixon, Joseph

Ogier, Lewis
O'Brien, Catharine
Otis. Ifenuy 1"
O'MaIley,/ Bernard
O'Grady, Gerald DeC
Olivieri, Juan

Porter, Frederick
Pendleton' Jefferson 2
Peacock, Arthur B 2
Iatridge, 'Freder-ick
Peny, Alexander
Porter, George
Powell, John-
Pollock, James
Price, F Henry .'
FAlkey, Henry
Perkins., William 0
Pothemus, Ed

Quigley, Chas R
Roberts, J C
Riddell. Janes
Ricker, HB
Renington, Albert H
Rogers, Smith
Rogers, Geo L
Russoll, H
Ryan, Willliam
Russ, Lucy H
Ripley Henry E
Rowe, Joseph 1i
Richard, John

Sprague, John 0
Stinson, John A 4
Simmons, J B .
Schroeder, A
Sulliyen, Eugene
Snyder, Robert
Savage, Wm WI
Soniers, John
Smith, Robert K
Stobridge, A M
Sullivan, Daniel
Segar, George
Small,' Elijah
Somers, Nicholasj
Sullivan, Dennis
Saund'ers, Mary L
Smith, Thomas'
Seeman, John A
squiresj Theron W
eWage, Willian W
dmith, DO'
schneider, Christian
Strbi,. has R ,
Stiles; Franci H
Smith,-William J
ffmith, Robert 2"
Smith, Elizabeth
Smith, UGaorge M
Smith, Hinry

Tucker, William D
ThompsonC, Coleman
,Tllton. Espre.s ."..
Thompson, Harry A
Trexter, Allen J
Trainer, Edwad
Thermaw, Hudson N '
Tnwnsend, Stephen IH
Tripp, Georgp E
Trott. Richard
Televur, Richard De F
Tvlor. Samuel M

Hickman, John V 2 'iiquet, Pierre'
"olmes, James 4 Trenor, Peter
Hill, George W ,
Hall, Augustus 'Vaughan, Peter
H .ner, erge Vanrpol, GaretH
Hughes, J H,' Vanderpoob arat 11
Hind, Seth 2 Van Buskerk, Jamies
Heitwig, Louis '
Billi, Luke Week, Thoas S
How.: M 0 "c Watson, David B.
Hayes, James N Voodrnff, Henry 0:
Hemphre, a, DM White, John
Hogans, Mary H' 2 Wiley, Fevi S
Hagans, Mrs M W 'aigrt, PhaTleS T
Hnntley, Wmn "Walters,, Sarah
Huky, Thomas Weiser. Henry W
Hakrane, John C Wheeled, Elisha C
Halchinson, John Wrl ra
Hml, George W Walker' G rge
Hicnnow Micnal, Wilo, John
all, Jonathan C Williams, obert A
Bolscher, John (3 Wilkins,- Benj. T
Hal; Daniel W"eeler,-Oris
Hunt M Celestine -
Heraiton 'William .Yolhson, -'I. 22 "
Johnson AHnry B -- !:''
.,HE11 RY ALBURY, post Master.


. eisr, 'Moffat & Simpson's 'cool drinks,'
are second tp none ou the Key.



Prmt, O-f '

Printing Ofie.


.BE. Y






And are* now prepared t, exe-

cute JOB WORK,

of all kinds,

and in


Such' as
8 -











:" : And at ;


, I ; I l

R:e liHE''


'I /-


.* / '" rn '
'. .' '' : ] l "

*wrk is acknowledged to

be the authority upon. matters
coninected with the Rebellion, and

has4 received- the highest praises.
itrom the press of tIle cf the coun-
try for its reliability.' It is pub-
lished in parts, at 50. cent each,
which contain" a beautiful portrait
on steel of the most paominent
characters now, before the public.

,We should be happy to exhibit

specimen copies to thQse design-
ing to subscribe. -

hI the y FRENOH BARBEIR 'an Ladise
Hair Dresser in Koy West. S1is rooms are in
the Russell House.
May 31.1892-- tt

T"- EDNA F, KERR., L. Y. Desisls, Master, will
have quick dispatch for the above port,
For freight, onkly, apply to -
r e i htJAMES C. CLAPP, or

Is constantly receiving at his exten-.
sive Store, from vessels *as tley arrive,
all descriptions of goods desirable for
the Key West market. Hel'hs always'
on haid a large assortment of ,

-c., 4-c., --c.

Va= Ship Stores put up 'at
short notice- Gouda delivered in
any part of the city free of charge..
i c | The attention of citizens
ai'd officers of the Army and Navy
is particularly called to .the stock
of goods now on hand.
Key West, l1a., Aug.-0O-tf,.

Front street, opposite Wall & Corand Duval st-et
next door to Russell House.
Keep constantly on hand DRRY OOODS
of every description.
Readv-_Made ,10othinro ,
, A large and well assorted stock pf Boots and
Shoes "
Sumiper Hats, various styles, .
Army Calps, Shoulder Straps, Buttons, Letters,'
Numbers, &c.
White Shirts, Flannel and Hickory Shirt-s. -h--
mean Shirts, Cotton and Worsted Under-shirts,
anrd Hisicry.
Stationery. of all kinds.
Cologne, Extracts, .AlAd a general variety of per-
funcis-ind fancy Soaj's. .
Pickles, Can Meats and Sauce. of every "kin,
Jellies and other Sweet Meats. I
.Fish Hooks aril d ibfes, Table and Pocket Cut-
*|ery, Hardware, Crockiry and Glass ware, Groce-
ties aid Provisionu ouf 'a kinds, at wholesale o"
retail. I* ,
Tobacco and Pipes, of all kinds.
Segars of various brands, Paints and Oils.,-
Straw and Wooden-ware. 'Brooms,,&c.
Just landing and in good order-Potatoes
Onions, Lime, &c.
Ship and Cabin stores put up at the shortesi
notice. [May 24, 1862.-tf

HIrse Doctor and Veretinary Surgeon,
0%_ DP' DR. SAM LOVETT, after an expe-
1'&' rience of fifteep years on Long Isahnd
and New York, as Veretinary Surgeon,
offers his services to the gentry of Key West, and
guarantees safe, certain and rapid cures, in all
cases where he is called upon in time.. Do not
neglect this opportunity to avail yourselves of
the services of one of the best and most celebra-
ted Horse Doctors in the country. Terms rea-
sonable. ," .
A -" Dr Sam Lovqtt's celebrated Condition
Powders, 'Hoof Ointment, and Horse Balls for
sale .
All letters, &c., addressed to Dr. Sam Lovett,
New Era Office," will meet With prompt at-
lention; (july 19) -

Matthew.-' Machines for making tire sparkling
Soda Water for .,Lttling or retailing from'the coun-
ter, are the most simple, make the best article, and
cost less tharl any other. Plain printed instruc-
tions for making the Soda Wpter and delicious Sy-
rups, go with machines. Send for illustrated Cata-
logue ; it contains 'much that every Sutler should'
know. Address JOHN MATTHEWS, Maker of
439 FIRST AVENUE, New York. au9 4t

Russell House,

BY W. 'A. Russell,
. The above house is now open
for the accommodation of perma-
nent- or transient boarders, and
*the attention of persons at the
North, wishing to spend the com-
ing winter in a warm climate, is
called to this.establishment, where
they cn 'find more comfort and-
convenience than,in Cuba, and at
muchh less cost-
The climate of Key West is all
that can be desired by the invalid,
and far superior to Havana



iPinting OfIiceq
- KEY 'WEsT. '

W. have adied to Qurtock of printing mate.
rials and trall be enabledd in ;a shor,.tise to exe
cute orders for any description of Jobl P4nintg
from t obster to a card.

Our quarters being uow more oonnodioans v
can Afl orders Wt any extent-a short notice. .


orsale, i. t.ttifties to suit pur
chasers," a gotassortmenit of PNI
and SPRUCE LUTMBER, well cleulat,
ed for ll kinds of building purpoga"
including a rine variety of si
Boards. at the Lumber, Yardo :

F. 0. 6WYNN,.

a Y WEST, l'A:.
May 2 1862.--tf' ..




N.-o.-Ship and Cabia Store put up bn hA4
notice and reaanabe term. ,
May 24, 1862.-tf .

-- ---- ----- ------------
0. & E. HOWE,
pry Good, Clothing Shoes, Hats, Groeerioa
Provisions, &c. ; ,s -d'I I
Ve are constantly receiving hy every arrive,
from NeW 'k ork, large additions to our stock. and
are i teared tofurnish Gods in our ml. at t- '
lowest possible prices. .
' Ship and Mess Stores put up with dispatch .
delivered without cage tfor packing or drayage :
M ay ^4, 1862..- -f --

Corner of1Whitehead and Caroleli
streets, Key West*


4j!II Meals served 4t regularbholts, for l
iJADl tIle ace6mmodatio of transient or '
regular boarders. Cakes, Pils an Cont o
alwayson land. /
Cool Drinks, with choice syrMup. Also, Cigar.
6f superior quality.. .. "
\ Also on hand, fie Cove Oysters, iMn9,al .| .
fresh Meats in Cans. '
U3' Don't forget the plae.. A [ jyI1-l.'

The und-ersigned avails himself of this
priviledge to state to the4public, that frl n
his long experience -of twenty yearss i9 -
the business, that he is capable of giving
the best shavr and cutting \hair, better -
than any other o'n. this Island ; he tan al
ways be found at his old stand ,'o sr6er of "
Front and Duval streets. qAl and v '
me a trial.
May 31,1862.-.--tf

#Iy 1Yloffau nd Si4pgoB,
LIKENESSES, from the smallest miin t "r
to life-size, takentwith, the utmost pecisie ; d1
proprietors having prdctred all the moet approve ,
instruments of the day. -
GCAMS DW Viis=r and eye, DdAeptiaon. oi-
Photographic oruam nts, such a* Albums, So.-
veniers, Cases, &c., always.on 'ind and for, sae.-
Photfgraphs painted in 'oil, pastel apd watw
coloras31, 82.-
May 31, 1862.-tf'

Notary Public and- Jstice ef th-'
Peace, .

"Office at th ;Couity CourtHouse.

An assortment of Ready-made ClIohing of ,s
descriptions, alfttlanty on haud. Also,' Genti
men's Furnishing Goods, of superior quality.
Boots, Shoes, &c.. front th6 best manufact.rie.
Military and Naval Uniforma furnished with do
patch, and at moderate prices.
Orders solicited.
May 24, 186.--tf

'The su'scriber has just opened a new etook of
goods,/ at the storeibi th onopolita Banildipg
consisting of CLOT H$ BooT's adS HO1s
tnd MEATS, etc., etc., to which he invittk Attea-
ion. 'JosseHpv.

luforms the ladies and gentlemen nf t i eity:
that ha is now prepared to furnish mt his saloon'
corner ot Whitehead and Eaton streets, a superlr
article of ICE CREAM, of any flavor bunit the'
' Also, ice cold SODA W A.TER, roa'dieby N-'
thews',celebrated iron fountain.
'May 31, 1862.-tf
Duval, aboVe Front Street.
Key West
May 24, IP62.--tf.

/ ,\

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A'. -


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/ I







-l-l~a~ ----~ ~-P 4 4:

NO* -" --- "


S -Unnrder' this head that excellent and
S .loyal journial,/the Nashville Union, ad-
"dresses the following words t6,the Presi-
dejgf'of the United States, The ardicle
sh'&ws onrwhat principle 'war i carried
on in Tennessee'; how rebels are favored,
(- though 1oyal men suffer )how ot-rbrave
s soldiers are dlegraded anLd nui'dered, that
a rebel's property may be safe. 1, ,
Suppose' that a treacherous, Uhnscra-
S- puloxusfoe ,declares war airaInist the cbuo-
A try in cir-umstafices which reindey the
/ ,'wr an otiragQ, "of peculiar aggiavation.
-The gove.rnmeiit cafls.or a aa-rmy to d'e-
.feat'theioe', and a vast cocourse of pa-
,'' triots assemble to chastise Jiai and save
the nalioii.- Acttated bytlhelafst aild
th e n i 'o ii I. ''U T, 1 S.. .I
,'most s6'ff.-sacrficting spi rit, tihe phyician
S and wyer leave their offices, the larimer
his- lovelho.lmeh thf tUaddsrnan rulit:
Ships shnp, the mechanic lis li( nch and
Sthe laborer his daily toil.,; f.:,rsakinig Fimp,
i ives, chffl'ren, f'rieni0s, business, and
._ the sweet repose of civil life, with its
S 've tinfl fig-tree,' to 'T t'lye- hard- fare,
I,,, tndl severe exposure of tile sol'lilrs' lifo
-the forced marthli-tho drifted snow-
"purpled with gore--tue buriiiie heat of
S sumnirner and choking clonds't'f duIst.-the
S, d4renching torrentpf rain-the' i,,spikal
,. '-the dread I'ul shock of battle. "Allthis
the patriot soldier faces, and itf his heart
S ; quails, it is but jfor"a nomcnt, fl4 the
S love of country inspires him with more
'i '.than mortal courage, and theyoiee' which
." speaks, Vithin his breast istiot uttered by
'' earthly lips'; and thus, 7 1
'" 'In spit? of .oringbil1 .' r.'ar -, _, : S
'I 'le, tuorrid iiar"Lh- the de'a-.liv shore,'
/ he m'arhes on, on, repeating as he ges:
F.. F rthee, hiir Freedomn, ,U lcr.nie dl ttif-past,
'- Forth,.e,, mnv ,nunirw, VVcc'j) 1l.7'i,.I the I'ast,
MIH. reaclihes the territoryor the enemy,
c: a e,. ,:se for a r'ornflict ,vitji' the f ; he
-< as-no lve for war as a pofess.-n, ani
l r .In as to colqi,,r a peace, .ltat he may
* return 't"o the delight o,l' lii s rf. nier life,
whielf no- rnotive save that of' p.i t iti si.M
', cotll. ever have impelled him':to forS.1l.
S".Week, mon,ths pass,, -and there is no
battle--no a'dvai'e is ia'le. H is in
the midst of a popu la-tion rnn1 y c whF m
Y" iynpa i ize-hea, tily with his armed ene-
-'? rnv,-alidni many more daeactually aiding
'/-thtia't enemy. He'is beset with spiej, who
doz hisl(0oV.te()s ever, whiIere. A'distin-
e iushed- i.bfel general has a fine planita-
i on and manv servants near the campll
S but hlie is -ordered lot to nmolest thei.and
i for feX.rh mieht transgress orders,' he is
ent with some others to iLrtce,'t the plan-
-i station awd-negroes. The next day hle ij'
detailed to guard a rebel's orihar .; Yt
"nt day to protctva rebel's cor i li from
S the depre nations of some soldi-r who
wants the Initry of a roasting ear ; anidl
." orsuLeessiye dIys he m sent to pioteqt
the cotton gini of a rebel g-n'i-i .I to guio rl
S ,,the wheat pen. 9(a rebel coonel. to guard
ile' cor cribs of a rebel eaptaiirt,. and to
t idep his fellow' soldiers away 'romn the
u ring of a reThel comnmisisary.. When he
a ,-nas dircharged these duties, his othecer.
j sends hin along with a violent rebel who
:'has just returned frorg the ariny, and
S found that one of hi]s negroes has escaped
.... \ to th, federl c.amnp, toaid iii arr.stinrig the
fuiitiv. 14Ho and his mnessrnates, broken
I down by the drudgery -of: -the,-day, have'
S eaten their Ilai;. hard fare. whioh hunger
-mad'e .savory,; and. now sat before their
S tents ih the pk.asant.noonliglitesumining
up the events of'the day.. A4 they smoke
',:their pipei he hears one of his comrades
sav : '"Well, don't, you .hiik ,that old
b .. el' M-. *hose son shot one of our
S-. pickets a few weekca ago, gnt a permit to
. -': / brim' otftf'e good through o"ir lines ?'
Anlthir oone spJaks up: 'b Ye's, and our
"'- feTcie'al vY0te a- piass to-dayfor tthat old
e.;..,e-r.b-b..Il, 31r..B to go'and visit
H-- .' Apother palc-faced boy 'sas:
.' h .-Tley made me stand guard for ilire
t. days because l,gathered omc apples in a
e bel's orchard.' The talkers hush up for
. t 'a: omTentr*for the dashing commander of
.': he post cosrrs sweeping past them, ac-,
*-;.' companied by lgay belle of the neiglmilur-'
_, -'h-odu, whe Is noted for her rebel pru'elvi-
(." itics. The cavaliers pass and ::.,/conver-
a tion is renewed, but tbsoon broken by a
sa,'!,.. iihterruplion. J:'our com 'adces
mul. ,.voe beaning it, a fellow-soldier;.who is,
s hot thron'h the head by an iassass'i.n
,' ,- while.tre wa' standing on guard at the.
'. ". '/corii eld to k^9p soldiers fr.on "stealing
,""-- 'rebel roasting cars. Better a loyal sol,
djer bcass9*inate~d than n ear of trai.-

,-'< or's corn belstolea ,! ,. ': ,
'- .\il preleni tly a massenger gallops in
,':. "with the r>Avs tk't a company o 'gueril-
S i s. s have-captured the officer yliho lately
S '-rode by the group, whilQ hi.wa- tal-ing
tLa withithe fair ecessionit al-er farm-
-huse a iile dislt. Woud it be deem-
e d strange 1i" tfhise soldiers were to say :-
We hadil bet.Lter return to our homes than
come away fio.m-eur families to protect
i the )property of .te very mnep whom we
S. Wish t, l ht. Wecanie ' fight as sol-
dliers, and oar offie"erdias turned us into a
lice to watitli over tli"e or'cribs, orch-
aris aid hken-rdosts of tiaitord. Our'-dff
c .< ers fr>*ic with rebel plauters, and compel
" to. dig ditches .an'd repair loads, when
"ther6 arc thousands of slaves bolougiHg to
traitor- at'our very door,- who are moro
i than willingtoleirve their masters, "ho
u ise thsrmAo raieorn for ihe rebel army,
'''and .or.ypld work for us. We enlisted
,h soldlii-r1, at1d the government has made
-..' us drud cges.' '

"The ardorand energy Vof the best troops
in the world would melt away in such cir-
cumstances as these. .Not in one country,
nior in one state only, have these things
occurred. 'We hear one loud and long
remonstrance coming up from all sections
of our army. Mr. President, you wlhn,
arc made by the constitution of your
country the Commander-in-Chief of the
army and navy, ,command imperatively
that the strength and manhood of a pa-
'triot0i ahmay shall ,o0 longer be under-
rniried by sueh policy as that w6 have"
t'iced ia word-s' far feebler than facts
woul'l justify. Let the fiery and impetu-.
otus vailo6'of our soldier bo no longer.
pent up,, out '4etthe troops' perform the-
-.duty Shich summoned them to the field.
u= hibh,- m o e,,-n
S'ptak tho word, and hundreds ofl1hou-
'snds' of faceA, now darkened wih dis-
-contebit,,will brighten with that conifi-
'dence which is the unerring harbinger of
victory." .- \ ,


When the'anguished heart is breaking, /
'\t ,.i allI.earthly hope is fled, "-/
VWhen our scalding tears are falliVng -
"On the-young amil cherisheJ "dead,
,\Vhen- faith itself seems shaken,
S d 11l we refuse to kisa tie rod, .
W'hu recalls ,ts from our drlrk despair. "-
SOur lPriet, thePriest ofGod. .
-Whe'n sorrowful, an. sin;oppresse'l,
We 1a*ise orr ,streaming .yes to heaven
I[ deep gontiritiir' to our God,
Ain.1 beg that'we may be forgiven.
Who is it; at whose only word,
/ > We tread no\fmure the paths we've trod,
Who holls the power to cleanse ourso'uls ?
0u- Our Priest, the'Pribst of God.

Aad when pale sirlmness marks the/frame,
And hope is Titlding day'by day, /
Who comes to cheer thle simiing-he'art,
To carn fort us, to watch and pray, :
?,,,,:-. ..!,, *-. ;/ ra ."

Wlio tells us of a saviour's love,
-- ; Tu I 'd
And of 'the paimlful taths He trod,
'- /, / .
AliJd how He died to save our aouls ?-
S Our Priest, the Priesti of God.

., ,' .' ' ,, .' / ,' i ," _. .. /*
Who is our living providence, ;
.'Our rucist.-tfrred in deep distress,
When heart and hand are ever free, -
Tosymipathize,-td'aidan'd-bleps, '-,.
Wh.- is thatself-idetyilrl.uan,
/ Whoquits his hoh'e, and kin, forGod,
.'r-preac Chr'4t-crucifiedto-men?
Spr Priest, the Priest of God.
: .,1,.., *^ 4.r- e! '. '

A correspondent writing frornt bfore
Richmond, relates the following story :-
'A .da.y ,or two ago, j st, at the break-
fast hour, when the aroita of good coffee
is doubly deicioious, ouT pickets were ac-:
cosi'd'by a voice fro'Fn the rebo1 side, a
few rodsoroly distant(, with-- -
t-' Hallo, there !' "
S'Hallo, jours1fif' : '
Whataare yon, aoiug over there\?''
'Making some .coffe. Have- sbmee ?'
.' Will'rou let mrp come over?' ,
:..' -Y e s .' .
Will you let me come back '
S Y e, S v. '" ;..* -" -" ^
,/, ; L ? .. .,* >\ ,
S l' H-ono, bright', .
Y" 'Yes,', .
-, And' over hi .eanrl. lHis coffee drank,
he s-rnacked 1Is lips-and said, '
Y Well, thalt'svery nice. We don't get
any of that overkon our side. ,
.Theu scrutitiisitigthe neat appearance
Of our meni; be contirkued :
S'Welly,'you look very comfortable. All
r ,./ ?, .
ot yen live so ?' '
Y e s -, ,
A few moien ts moe of silence, ard he
broke out:
Well, I like/tlhe looks of things here,
believe I wvon't go back:'
And he didn't.--
Elsewhere on thelines they are not so
sociable. though they have generally quit
the practice of shooting our men.
W ',Whre's Beahregard ?' "aks one of our
men. ., .
Where' aBanks ?' sings out the rebel.
g' Whyl'don't the balloon go up to-day ?"1
asks'a. tbelb near-the New'Bridge batte-
-ry, whiph fired several sho;A aA tho bal-
,loonrthe otherday., /'
-' Waiting' for gas !' say lour m'an in
reply. '
SExchanges of papers have be. n fre-
qtfent, a nd sonttimes they meet halfway
aid h~vea'a sit-down chat on a stump or
-rail. A couple met in this manner a
hAort time! since". '.
'IAin't you tired of this war says our
-man. -
Yes ; and I wish I was out of it-it's
all a humbug,'Vreplies the rebel.
'If they'd leave it to you and me,'dconr
itinued our ,man, 'we'd settle it.without
'any mre fighting; wouldn't we' '.,
I, s 6ir' said the rebel, .with cmpha-
-sis. '' :" .... C" ', / 'l

Anid "so they would. If le4t;'for the
pickets ito littlee, tho whole thirig would
be soon: and amiicably arranged4, and that
toouon the I,:(ig of. things as they were.,

Cat arid rat may rhyme, but thay ever
agree' '

- ;- n nvn' : '

"land a warming pan is calledd a friar. Not
ipany years ago, an unsophisticated girl
took service in a hotel.," Poor thing-"she
had never heard of a' warming pan in
her life, though she regularly confessed
to a friar once a year. "
It happened or a cold and drizzly night
thai a priest took lodging at the inn., He
'had traveled ,far, and being weary, rm-
tired'at an early hour. Soon after, the
mistress of the house called the servant
Betty, you put the' friar intp No. 6,'
",Up went BetLy to the poor priest.
Your reveionce must go up to No. 6,
my mistress says.
.i' How ?-what ?' asked he, alarmed at
beitig disturbed. -
.' Your reverence must go to No. 6.'
There was no help for, it, and the
priest arose, donned a dressing-gown, and
went into No. 6. ..
In abont fifteen minutes thi.,mistress
Called toBetty. "' :
'Put the friar into No.4.' i /
Betty said something about disturbing
his. reverence,.,Ahich her mistress did
ziot-underbtand.' So she told tlie girl tc
do as she was hidden and she would al-
ways do ,right. Up went Betty, and the
unhappy priest, despite his angry protesV
stations, was obliged to turn out,of No. 6,
.ajid- go into No. 4. But a little time
elapsed& ere the girl was told to, put the
friar into No. 8, and the poor 'priest, everybody was mad in the house,
and sturdily resolving to quit it-'the next
morning, crept into the damp sheets el
'o 8. But he was to enjoy no peace there.
Betty was agIain ordered to p'lt -the, Lriar
into No'3, and wi-Lth" tears in hei eyes sh% e
'obeyed." '. ''">, 7' .
In about an hour thelady qrieluded. to
go to. bed herself and thefriar was order-
ed-into her roop Wondering whnt it all
meant, Betty roused the priest, and told
him he mustgo into No, 11. The piiest
crossed himself, couuted his beads, "and
went Into No1,1. '
It so happened that the husband of the
lan'llady was'.itroubled with the green-
eyed monster. Goig. u'p to bed, there-
fore, before Ws wife, his suspicions were
cohfirme-d by,"seeing between his own
siteets a man'sound asleep.- To roues(-the
sleeper, and4kikk himinto the street, was
the wprlk of, a, moment, nor W'as the Mis-
tamip explained till next day, when the
priest informed the inn-keeper what out-
rages had been committed upon him, and
K. learned-' to his amazement that he
had'4-been _eervimg the whole night as-a

.The superintendent of a Sunday-school
was questiui'-g his pupils concetirning the
addresses made to0the-m during'the previ-
ouss .ession. "'Children, what didMri.'
Phonny tell yoathis,. morning?" No arn
aWer was made. Can't any one teJl me
whathe paid? Susie, can't youtremem-
ber ?" Susie, a bright little one 9f seven
year, arose, kd' with one finger in her
moVth bashfully limped out: -" Pleathe,
their: he talked and he talked, and he thed
ath how ho( loved 4th,' and hetalked-
and---and-we all th'ouglt he wxth a goin'
to say something, but he didn't th,\y
nothing." "
\ ", l '
angels keep watch upon each mortal-
the angel or'the right and recording an-
gel on the left-4-taing note qf every word
and, action. At tioe close of every day
they fly up to heaven with a written re-
port, and are-replaced 'by two similar
ones an the following day. According to
Eastern tradition, every"\good action is re-
corded ten times by the angel on the
right; and -"ttha mortal. ommit a, sin,
the same 'cver benevolent spirit says
to the angel on* the left: Forbear for
seven hours ,to ;ecyil i,.;. peradventnre
he mray repent and',pray, aid obtain for-
givenesas -'

-.The.other day, while the thunder .was
ro'ling, and and a storm seemed'Imrine-
nent, .Willie W, right/-ttle four year old-
addressed his motUer with : Ma, mayn'tI/
I do-out and play ?" I thin]k you had
^better not, Willie, it will rain soon-don't

yon hear the thunder?" WIlie waited,
and no rain came, although the thunder
coiriPnued. Holdiagp on 'as long as possi-
ble, he again adres4ed his mother : "S-ay
ma, mayn't/I go, now ?, It d9n't rain, and
I dess Dod itlnly -fool i' with thettunder
anyhow; mayn't I do,:please ?", a.d, Wil-
lie was permitted to go and play..--Gern-
esa-ee Pfikl.s. :

A relative of Buphe's, 'iot' remarkable
for his Hindoo .ablutioas, once applied tp
him for a sorb'thro#t-that troubled him
much.' Why.' &aid 1ush,, gravely, 'fill a
pail with wter as warm as you can beir
ituntil it reaches your knees; then tike
a ce4t`of oatmeal and scrub your legs with'
it for a quarter of an hbor_- 'WIy,; hang,
it, minaa,' interrupted 'tlae 6ther, 'tthis is
nothing more than washing one's feet!
'Ceartainly, my dear John," said he, I do
:admit it is op4p to that objectionn'

LOPD BURON.-One morning a, party
came into the public room at Buxtons,
somewhat later than usual, and requested
some tongue. .T .oy were told. that Lord-
Byron hadeaten it all. I am very angry
with his lordsliF,"' said a- lady, laud
enough for hitn to hear the- o servation.
"'I am very sorry far it, madam'," retorted
Lord Byron, ," but before I ate the tongue,
I was assured-you did not want it."
A -lown-east editor advises his readers
if they. wish to jget teeth 'inserted gratis,
19to go aud stear'fruit when his watch-dpg
is on guard.*- -
Lord:' Oxford vas tol:' that Lord Con'
ingsby would have his head. -: Sorry' I
can not return the compliment; says Ox-
ford, foreI would not have his as a gift.'
IW-hat is Aarger for being cut at both
ends? A ditch/ .
Spare the, rod, and. you'll have. no fish
f9r dinner. -\ :


I's constantly- receiving at his exten-
sive Sqtrie, from vessel ls all 'descriptions of goods aesirah!le fr,
the Key West market. 'He has always
o:.n ia nl a-large ass.r'tmeiet of .
'ff omirct c ftoA of;iilalytJoo(T?
; ::GOODS. /
Also, TEAS, &c. v' -

I .- -1 -, /-.1,.
,3 J I -


AN"' 5

1- Ship I Stores 'put Iup at.
'short notice. Goods delivered in
eany part of the city free 6f charge.
V The attention of citizens
and officers 6f the Army arid Navy
is particularly calle] to the stock.
of goods now on hand.
/ ey West, k'la., Aug. 30-tf-'
----- ------- -- ----....--.. ...- .
Front street, opposite'Waill& Go,. and Duval st,-'t
rnest door to' Russeil House.
Keep ,constantly on hand DRY GOODS
of every description.' .
T-eP dy-M ade d'lothint,
A, large and well assorted stock of Boots aiWl
Shoes. .
Summer Hats, various styles, .
Army Caps, Shoulder Straps,-Buttons, Letters,
Numbers, &c. ......
White Shirts, Fanriel and Hickory Shirtk; Qri-
mean Shirts, Cotton ard 'Worstead Under-shirts,
and Hosikry.
Staiionery, of all kinds. .,
Cologne, Extracts, and-a general yariety of/per-,
fumes and fancy Soaps, ,
Pickle"-, Can Meats ahd .Sauces" of every kind,
Jellies an-d other Sweet lieats. '- I .I.
Fish Hooks and Lines, Table, and Pocket Cut-
lery, Hardware, Crockery and Glass ware,' Groce-
ries and Provisiona of al! kinds, f4t' whoslesle o" -
retail / -''
Tobacco and Pipes, of all kinds. ,
Segars' of,"\various brands, Pajnts' and Oils.-
Straw and Wooden-ware, Br6oms, &c.
Just landing and in good order-,Potatoes
SOnons, Lime, &c. .
, Ship and Cabin stores put up- at the. shortest
notice. [May 24, 1862.'-tf
-.'---......----. ---.------- -...--.---
Horse Doctor and Vere'tinry Surgeon.
DR. SAM LOyETT, after, an e:pc-
'-^. rience of fifteen years on Long Island
,t..L..- ahid NewYorklc, a 'Veretinary Surgeonl,
offers his services to\the gentryof Key West, and
guarantees safe, certain aa.d rapid cures, in all/
cases where he is called upon in time. Do not
neglect this opportunity to avail yourselves of
the serVices of bne of ,the best and most celebra-
A4-Horse Poctors in the country i Terms rea-
sonabl.. / !'
'. Dr. Sam Lovett's celebrated GCondition
Powders, JI Hoof Ointment, and Hoi* Balls for
sal -. "
All letters, &d., addressed to Dr." Sam Lovett,
"New. Era Office," will meet with- prompt 'at-
eatto. ,, (july 19) '

Matthews' Machines for making pure sparkling
Soda.; Water for bottling or retailing from'the cohn-,
ter, are tlie most simple, makethen 'beot article, and
cost Ieass than any other. Plain printed instruc-
tions for making the Soda Water and delicious Sy-
rups, go with machines. Send for illustrated Cata-
logue ; it contain m eh that every Sutler sbpuld
know. Address 'OHN MATTHEWS, Maker of.
439 FIRST AVENUE.New York. au9 4t

Is the onj FRENCH BARBEBR al Ladiu'
Hair in. Key Wst. sw rooin are in
the Rissel l'Hou. .
May 31.1ieo6 .-. -,i

.' .. ; .' ... .- ,, ** ,' : *.. 1 .* ""'<. ?
. .." '' ..-- -' .,.* ** I -: y ** .. -- '* ; ..
For sale, in quantities\t sui't pur- .. -
chasers, a good assortment of PINS ,-.
-and SPRUCE LUMBER, well calculat- N.,
ed for %Il kinds of building purposes, ..;,
including -a .fine variety 'of- Dressed :- -
Boards. at the Lumber Yardof ."
^ ............... .. .,& *. .

.'; M. 0. G/rry y VNIV '-,

S."' KEY-WEST, FL'A. '
May 24- 1862.-tf ,-

J. F,. V'ACKER, .

, N *' ." -"' ,. HD' ". -'* -' -.
N. B.-S~' p anrd St.res put.-p on hothrt
riul ',-e andI rW ',nalle term. .- -, "
May 24;, '1/52.-ff -, '. ". :

". Di!i-ERBS IN ..- _:
GoPr dsviCiohsii ,,&%. ,' I. / / .
S.We are coristintly receiva'ng _by ,very aiivAi
from New-IXork, large adI.r.iis tohb y stock, a '
arc r1 ia'r-J. to furnish Goods li tur li.ta ithl -
lor/est. po sib.,6 idic6_. /" ', ./ -1 '-
Shi, arida-,ess Stoies put up With dispatch a -
dA-ivered without charge or'l .iuking or drasag ,
.Mai 24,.1862.-if / -,. .,

Coi'nncr of Whitehca'd and Card.;
i, w'g'3St I&>v K Wet.. /W e



\ -

'*", ^ -. :': -..i _. '.
S'- 'cals serve at regular hours, for -
i le aqcommodation of transiet-or. I'
r, ui:i-r )*'ler9 Cakes, Pies, atn Cunfectionary -
arwavs on'hard. : "., -' ';- .
CuQ!DrinkL,,/ with choice syrips. .l"ls Cigars
of, superior qua iity. "' -
Also on halin, fine Cove Oysters, in Cgnai 'also' -
Treh Meats in,( Cans. ,. ''_ .
Don't forget"the plaee. -- jyl9-Im :"

The undcrsi.ned avails hhimselfrof'thi.'. ." ;
privil*lge to state to the puiblie, triat (romin 6,- ",
his long experience of twenty ydears im' ,.
tlihe'busines, that he is-capable of givi m,('-- "-
the best -.have -ard cutting hair, betterr .
than any other oni this-lsand ; he can l .
ways be found at his i4 stan,'"cbrner ,
Front and D 'vl streets. Calltaand givo '
mea trial. '-'"

Mavy. l31862.--tf.* .A /" -

By iMlioffait and i npsono : *' ,-
LIKE2NESSES, from' the -sralest mh iatttr ,
.to life-size, taken with the utmost'precision; the.
pi oprietors having procnred.all the most approved :
instruments'of the'day.O" .
COKTES DE .Visirr-.and every description af *
Photographic ornamenits, such' a Albuins, 'oo- '
veniers, Cases, &c., always on hand aid for`' 7ale'.
Photographs painted in oil, pasteland w,.teA u
colors. / .. ,
* May 3L, 1862.--tf -: ..'-.

Notary iVubi- and. Justice ,of th .-
*eacg, KEY'W EST.,>'

Office at the County Court Hous.' .
WHITE & OCLN .- / .
KEY WEST, IR'A. \ : ,
'An a.sortment of .1tady.-ade, Clothinig of t
deKcriptiins, constantly on" haqd. Also, "entle / -
men's Ftirnishihg Goods, of superior quality.
Hoots, Shoe. &c., from the best, manufacteries. .
Milhary and Naval Uniforms fuiruisliW with dlea-- .
patch, and at moderate prices. '
Orders solicited. .
May 24, 1862.-If ,

The subscriber has just opeied a new stock of "
goods, at the store in tOie Cuemiopolitan Bniidix .1' '
consisting of CLOTHING, BOOTS audSI-O .. .
tnd MEATS, etc., etc., to which he invites attens .
ion. Josuw EGBS.. -

F BROCHER, /., the ladies and gentlemen of this city
that he'is now.preparld toiiirdish at, his8-.aQqa' .
corner of Whi head aude Eaton sreets,b6 superior
article Qf ICE OREAM,ofaV y,fivoT to sait the
palate. .
A1s6,, ice cold SODA WATEtB, fuadb by'Ma. J-
thews' celebrated iron fountain.'/-
. .ilay,31; 862--ff' ,, / ;,-'*,;, /

*' Duval, above Friont Street"
* ,.' I4 eyWos
M y 2Y4i186.--tf. ,-




/ -V '


.Job 3?- noting Offices
L -. KEY- WEST. "
We have aJdod ts'our stock of priting, mnate-
rialg and shall be enabled in a short ,time to eq6e
cute orders for any description, of" Job rintig.',
'rom avposter to a card. .
O\ ur quarters being now more eommod ious w
can fill orders to any extent at short, notiee..

I -,

I 1~1



d -

- ,%


, I


.; "



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dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 5, 1862)-
Ceased in 1863.
"Published every Saturday morning, at the Camp of the 90th Reg't, N.Y. Volunteers."
Editor: Richard B. Locke, 1862-<1863>.
Publisher: R.B. Locke, <1862>; Wm. H. Gould, <1863>.
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher G.W. Bursell
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc 1862-
point start 1862
end 1863
mods:dateCreated September 6, 1862
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048621_00001
mods:recordCreationDate 810609
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)002054822
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg NYG
mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ; 24-51 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1862
mods:number 1862
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Key West (Fla.)
Monroe County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Monroe
mods:city Key West
mods:nonSort The
mods:title new era
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New era (Key West, Fla.)
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sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Name G.W. Bursell
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sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1862 1862
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