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!-- Apalachicola courier ( Newspaper ) --
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mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 24, 1839)-
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mods:publisher Joseph Croskey
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc 1839-
point start 1839
end 1840
mods:dateCreated October 15, 1839
mods:frequency Semiweekly during the winter (weekly during the summer)[ FORMER ]
marcfrequency semiweekly
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mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1839
mods:number 1839
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Frankiln County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
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mods:title Apalachicola courier
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sobekcm:Name Joseph Croskey
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola [Fla.]
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1839 1839
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The Apalachicola courier
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048584/00004
 Material Information
Title: The Apalachicola courier
Alternate Title: Courier
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Croskey
Place of Publication: Apalachicola Fla.
Creation Date: October 15, 1839
Publication Date: 1839-
Frequency: semiweekly during the winter (weekly during the summer)[ former ]
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Frankiln County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 24, 1839)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in Jan. 1840?
General Note: "Independent."
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960058
oclc - 02713250
notis - AKD6690
lccn - sn 83016266
System ID: UF00048584:00004

Full Text

being a four-borlle man-drink three and d
half and five soberl,.' Never'run into ex-
cesses-but go home in good tinre,'at'a quar-
ter to five in the morning-instead of six.
. One of the'greatest hardships we can
suffer from the habits of the remorseless
:Dropper-In arises ,ut of this very conscious:
ness on his part of the necessity of mode-
ration. He is' sure, quite 'sure, to father
i-e excess he-has eominitted,-'upon Vus the
principal victim to it. That is to say, the
blame isulade-ro-"ie at'the door of th in-
nbceitf host, atnd-not of the unconcionable
'guest: The practice, we are bound to ad-
mit,,o:is common to all the tribe. They all
go away, and viashthe sins of the predeter-
inined late-stayer upon the.sitter-up against
his will. TheOywalk about next day exe-
crating us-foi-they have-a racking head-
ach, perhaplgd tbey got it in our com
,any. TW .ye" l .ase- jaded, fed'ed,
andi queer a43 a bit of Cruikshahk; and they
aEiccount for all this by'stating where they
were last night ; addifng, You know their
hours! It's disgusting! Pleasant people
enough, but there's no such thing as getting
away. C,,ffee at sunrise, when the rest of
the world's in bed! No, no, I'm tired of it.
A tile (i' t"hai sort of -thing is very well-
or uine in a way-but it is a bore, always.
Hang it, I'm no early-pillow-boy rmyself-
I hale l mning off to bed before one's time
-but Ihcy carry i he fun a. little too far.-
There's; no help for it but staying away al-
to1ether. I shan't go any umore." These.
are the pleasant things that are sure to be
said of'every victim to immovable visiter-s;
and we warn9.very such victim that he may
'esteem himself fortunate ift they omit to
add certain charitable insinuations-that
they think he looks wretchedly. ill--that he
i- evidently killing his wife by his irregu-
iaritie-., and is stuppos-d to have been bro't
by dissipati(-n into rather embarras'cd-Cer:-
Cl [Uia cs !
We say nothing of the more legitirna'e
visit'rs upon a large scale, paid in town and
countt'y, upon due inviianion given and ae-
cepted--visiters which, meant only to be
'%%o days long, are, sotnelfines drawn out
into two weeks-as a week's length grows
into a month's. The infliction is far less
,.:.ev in these cases. By" tle very p!rinci-
ple upon which such \i sils arc paid, the
host can a~ail himself of many resources,
and effect an escape in ma1% ways. But
f'oifln the daily or nightly Dropper-in there
is no escape, and the less protracted suffer-
ingl he occasions is infinitely ,more torment-
ing and intolerable. Save us from our
friends, then, ,twhen the\y make us doubt
Ihlat rman never continueth in one slayI-
wheu h4y-Fev.r- eqn-9praieeo 1te-bW.1i max-
im, by ris:inw with ihe lamb, and "oingpto
bed with the lark-passing the interval
with us as often a, they carl catch is at
home. But why d0 e ttle.N- catch us there ?
Simply because we haven't that face wit to
face them ,when they call. There are times
'Ohe11 tloll(e of uIs would be fonnd at home
by any friend, if it were not for the fear of
heing found out. L. B.
[From the Ladi\"' Book for September.]
"I Shall not ask Jean Jacques Rosseau,
Il'bids ccntifabulait or ro."-G .
l happened one day to call at the house
of a friend who resides in a pleasant part of
our city. E~ery thing in and about the
dwCelling gave signs ofl wealth and taste. In
the drafting room, which was spacious,
there, were sofas, ottomans, lamps, mirrors,
paintings, books, imusieal instrument', and
in short, every thing which an elegant lady
could desire to adorn an elegant room.
Fatigued with my walk, and learning that
the lady was not at home, I threw myselfcn
one of the soft ottomans, and closing my
eyes, was soon passing into a most com-
fortable d rowsiness-- lhe half-sleeping, half-
waking condit-on when one enIo-s the full
luxury-of sleep without its oblivion. In
this state tihe senhse of" hearing is most acute.
Presently a low murmuring sound reached
my car ; I listened, and it became articu-
iate. Jndge of mv surprise when I discov-
ered that it proceeded from the beaulifulf
f'ti ii lti e I had jnst been admciring!
""Dear nme," ecschimed the book-case,-
"' how tired I am of satanding Let me see,
it must be as much as three years since I
yeas posted up here.. Winter and summer,
night and day, have I been obliged to keep
myself- bolt upright ; I declare 1 don't think
I can st.and it much longer."
'* You had better grumble, Mr. SecretarO,".
said the, carpet, "1I wonder how you would
like to lie flat on the floor all )youir ife.-time,
as I do--and every body trampling, you un-
detr toot, too. Here 1 lie at the merey of
every one, atd. it's little rnercy I get. 1

suppose you won't believe it, friend Secre-
tar',, but I was -oung and handsome once;
though there's precious little of my beauty
left. I aln trampled on from sunrise to sun-
ser, besides getting a regular scratch every
morning from Betty's broom. Yet-.I bear"
it all in silence, and no one ever heard me
complain before, nor would you now, only
1 heard my mistress say something this
morning about putting me-into the tmrsery,
,and getting another in my .place.- So goes
the world-old -friends for new! And I
am to go intb the nursery xell,_il get a--
mongst my little masters and misses,_1 shall
soon be torn' to pieces. I have borne all
sorts of weight in my day, but nrow for the
first time I feel the weight of'misfortute."
Well,'" returned fie book-casei ,vith a
lofty air, "I begin, to think it is desirable to
have a steaming in society. I have always.
been looked tip to, at any rate; and, I thol
I say it who should not say it,' very few
folks have; more book -1earnitg.'"
"Who cares for your book learning?"
cried the centvre-table. I've golt.ere. in
my lap all the book,: that my lady wants, to
read. The last London Annual.Byulwer's
lasftnnd Mari'vatt's last, and a sketch book,.
and scrap book, and portfolia of drawings,
and somebody's poema-all dressed-outlhke

very considerable period of time; but the
-fifteen years;:of your acquaintance with-
him dwindles to a span compared with the
time seemingly. consumed by him in relat-
ing the history of friendship. :In fact,, his'
affection is interminable-it has no limit-t-
time cannot wither-night cannot chill it-,;
it neither goes out with the. fire .nor rTus
down with the clock. He lovys and loves
forever;" and, to, make assurance .of. the
fact double sure, ;he sits for ever, de;-canling
on the delight of.having a friend whose
every. sentiment, every feeling, corresponds,
with his ownn, and with whom it is impossi-
ble to experience fatigue, as it is to commu-
nicate it. If he would but change his tune
to "He loves and rides away !" but of that
the hope, is even yet distant. If he would
Obut follow the example of the trio of lovers
slain inthe ballad-- 0 .' :,..r
"- ".Ther.& never were threLe lovers --urej. .:. ;"
&Who sooner if;,. cd.laft,"
But the ballad is too old ever to have- been
heard of by him. He takesneitherhint nor
hat. His tongue runs,, but his legs refuse
to accompany it. No story, no incident,
has sufficient pathos to move him. He stir.;
not, .though an engine dashes l1y to a capital
fire on his road home. Like a monthly
nurse, or the French watch that is brought
"over for you as a great favor, fie ne\'cr
knows w.en, to go.
'At last, if We are what is called in luck,
he, recollects that he dropped in somte hours
before, and was morally and physically
unable to stay five seconds. Accordingly
between three and four in the morning, hle
winds up the tedious and protraclcd chapter
upon frii-d;ilip, with an appeal to our liber-
ality-a claim upon our indtulgnce-an as-
surance that he cannot possibly stay longer,
and (which is superfluous) that lie %would il'
he could ; adding, after a rnonmile's reflec-
tion,. "but: that you know-;" a reminder
which is followed by the parting announce-
Ilenlt volunteered on entering, "IIn faict, I
haven't a moment to stay--/'tre aa iuge-
ment that I can't put off." E\ en Oli: n he is
not 6,ni-,; for like the other bore, he is \ery
apt to return in. a few minutes. In this
ca.-e, the snuff-box has been left behind.
The Dropper-in who, has a dropper-in to
dispose-of, is the- most desperate of the
tribe-the friend who brings his fi iend %% ith
him-and who, in order to put [lie stranger
at once on a footing of intimacy, and to in-
cite him to feel thoroughly at case, proceeds
to make the house his ow1n, iiiiuilgin!; In
friendly pranks and domestic faminlarities
iO-It dre:,ini of in ordinary nitercourse. Ili
a case of this sort, %% ure sure to hear I
fainlt and diffident expression of surprise-
- "-'frir--llT U'f wn ~il'rir~ et =---tT !tulnrtnl a I'.ts "'-ftlui .';-
backed by the intimation, Well, I made
myself quite certain that Robinson, at least.
would be here." .And then our friend"
stealing~a glance at his watch, remarks in~a
side-note to his friend, "But it's early yet
-somebody is sure to drop in;"' at which
his friend falls back in his- chair and smiles
complacently, with an air which says very
intelligibly, that whether any body else
drops in or not, he feels comfortable enough.
and has no idea of perpetrating any thing
so vulgar as a hasty departure. After a
moderate lapse of time, the knocker of the
door being still undisturbed, we learn thro'
the medium of a declaration in very plain
English, .that our guests-that is to say,
our friend and his friend, came with a con-
fident expectation of finding sonie pleasant
company, and passing a, pleasant evening.
Their disappointment becomes too palpa-
ble, aid th ty look as if we ha-d sent them
a formal invitation to dinner, and then sat
then. down to cold veal. .
We find that considerable reliance had
been placed upon the piano, and some par-
ticular song is still expected from some
member of the family; and at .any. rate,
they had calculated upon finding somebody
to make up a rubber--a rubber, Without
which they should positively go'to bed
w~retclhed. This accompiiished--partly .in
.politenes,4s, partly in s eif-defence--by the
aid of another dropper'-in, our friend's friend
becomes ;'li rs ; or:.to: Speak more strictly
our partner. Not 0ur friend, for he rev\okes,
hdses :the :gamte, apologizes fo~r being absent.
and d,,es not hear our inwarid but fervent
ejac~liiuloii,"Iwishyou we~re." Thccairds
are, of course, in slieer& contempt of yawns
attd other obstacles, dealt round with-per-
eeve.trit-^ -r-eg-Imtti until a quarter to stix,
whlen, Ihe last pretext for stayiltg being
11faided anld go,,e," our friend's: frieud (th~e
moderate creature!) gently applies hais cl
bow to tatil of his initroducer', and doubt-
fully--as though half afraid ot giving of-
fence by anl. early nlo\vement--iintiahes
thiat it is tlrme to go. Hlereupon, at a touchi
of the elbowv,
("' One )ouch of narure makes the whole world
kmn,") .,

; vwa oc ttw fourin*.
PUBlICATION-,The Couirier will., be
published twice a week during thewinter, and
once a week daring the summer. ,. ,; /
SU BSCR I PTIO N.-Six dollars per annum,
pdyabI6 in all cases in advance. '"0 subscrip-
tion will be received for less than one year, nor
discontinued till.all arrearages are paid.
,, ,,ADVEMTISING.--One 'dollar per'Square
for the first insertion, and,75 enats for every sub-
sequent one.
AUVWETSISEMENTS not specified as to time, will
be published until forbid, and charged accord-
*,.o. ADVERTISEMENTS of Bankruptcies will be
,published, unless paid for previous to insertion,
or payment guarantied by a responsible person.
I 73-All announcements of candidates will be
,'harg..-i.VeD..ollag, payable in advnje.__ _
r Koninxmicationwera ywaeBtifrmy
fpetsonal nature, when admissible, will be
charged as advertisements.
Y-ARLt ADvERTISERS, of matter appertaining
strictly to the business of the parties, will be
charged as follows:
Over 50 lines, and under 100, $75 per annum
Over 20 lines, and under 50, 50 "
Over 5 lines, and under 20, 25 "
5 lines, anrd under, I' a 10" t "
Those wishing t6 advertise by the year are re-
quired explicitly to state their intention before-
hand, and yearly advertisers will be continued on
the list, umless notice for discontinuance be given
bat least one month 'previous to the expiration of
'their yearly.term. ; ". '
Bills for advertising' for resident merchant%
Will' bejpesented on the 1st April, and the 1st
. October:-others will be required to pay in ad-
' Vance.
AGEUNTS.-Those procuring fen subscribers
will be entitled to a copy free of charge-all over
that number will be paid 10 per cent. on amount
collected.-. *.
fkAll commnnicat ons intended for publica-
,tion, should be addressed to

Every Zimmermanian has his solitude
'broken in upon* him sometimes-:say, just
as he is, sitting down to dinner. Grant
then hat every man,'however restricted-
,his means of hospitality, has his visitor
upon particular occasions;, and now grant,
but one thing more, that he has also
his visiter when there is no occasion at all:
Hp hah their, his uhbiddef -guest-be hsiig
his DROPPER-IN Having the Dropper-in,
he has-is it any thing short of a matter of
course, a thing of certainty, an inevitable
consequence 1 we do not pause for a reply;
he has the After-dinner visiter-the Eve-,
ning-killer-the Long-stopper-the Sitter-
up-the late, lingering, stationary Guest-
the hnmo\vable-ilie Man ,hat ,nver gne--!
"T ,VW H ni,,mr X .,f i hf any '^ 'ifinort-al' 'shudder,
that we would speak. He is our hero.
How often, reader, have you encountered
him % The very doorsill is worn with his
footstep.Y The bell. wire trembles at his
touch,; yur' knocker knows -him, and its
griffin-face seems to grin horribly a ghastly
smile at his approach. But-the smile that
awaits hnin within is genial and hot ghastly.
He geridally assumes the shape of 'a very
old acquaintance-he pays you the compli-
ment of a call unasked ; he has chosen you
of all houskeepers at home, as the friend
by Whose.help he is to fill up his vacant
evening ; ,he-.has. pi ferred .3biir simple
supper-tray :tp.,any delicacy to be had--:at
his own cost-at his club; he has done you
thie honor to relish the familiarity- of your
unattractive fireside, to a game at billiads
which he-might lose, or'goitnfo the opera,
where he has.no free admission. It, is true,
the complifment is eXcessively inconvenient:
and ill-timed. You might have enjoyed,
his friendship better had it been less flat-
tering. Your feelings would nothave been,
hurt, hadwie been more distant. You
could well h ave dispensed with" the pre-
ference he has shown; and could have.
soothed yourself during the long-evening
with the consciousness- of having friends
absent, who were so sincerely attache, to
you.- His tried fidelity did. not need the
certificate of a call just before supper.-
Nevertheless thedistinction has been award-
ed you, thehbonage rendered; the ciall made;
and alhougli yoi .had something. rather'
pariieular to do-something- y-0u ",cannot
\\itlcout much difficulty postpone--you
were interrupted the night bfi.,re, and- the
ni2lit before that-besides, lthat lbook is not
half read eit, nor is k our ]o1n-ani,,'itino, d,

.:Messrs. GORMAN & HALL,-
: Dr.- SAM., C. BELLAMY,
'. Col. SANcrcIz,
.. JwaDGEDAK, :'
J. A. HuDsoN, EsQ.,
.M essrs. JN._I. & T. M. "Mr'-c-rr,
TNn. C'. HOLCOM,%T.E, Esq.
.TeOIJUv" YoRx, E''q.,

M1n ,'ialf7.
St. Augustine.
Noew- Oro,'. '-.

Oha r.s! cn.
C;lc'^n. tI;. ~

"* *"" AVVtMN. '
S-Sweet .;..lbath of the year,
When evening lights decay,
The parting steps,' rnethinks I hear
Steal from the world away.
Al&og thy sunset.skies
Thy glories mel-t in shade;
And like-the thingswe fondly prize,
Seem lovelier as they fade.
'A deep and.crimson streak,
The dying leaves.disclose;.
As on consumption's waning cheek,
'Mid ruin, blooms the rose.
-Thy sear each vision bring-,
Of beauty in decay;
'Offair and early faded things,
... .. =T oo exquisite to stay; "' "
Of joys that come no more;
Of flowers whose bloom, is fled;"
Of farewells wept upon the shore;
,." Of friends estranged, or dead;
Of all that now may seem, : i ---
To memory's tearful eye, / i
-. .'. ..... The va-ahdi'd beauty of a drean, ;
O'er whic'T I gaze and-sig-l. ; .

': BAMBOOZLE..-A-genleman having purl
,chased an elegant walking-cahe for -five
guineas,'niet a friend who seemed to'hqve
got the fellow to it. On comparing them
H differencee could be perccivbd, tlhough
: the friend had given but two-gnuifns for lihi,
at the same shop. Enraged att*the discoi'e-
ry, the patty aggrieved vowed that hfw.. d
; make the fellow feel the weight of his own"
,cane for his rascally. Oi his entering the
shop,.futll of-eholer tho v.pnd-pr'w.ith #ri-nT
composure, begged him to be pacified, :and
tosuffer him to examine ie cane." Hav.ing
accordingly received, and silently conned'
it 'over with the most profound attention,
"Phoo!" said lie, '; v"hy this is as clear as
-oon-day. Bles, me, sir, why yours is a
right'bawzoo, whereas his was nothing, in
the'world Iut a plain dragf P Hence ey-
idently the'verb to bamboozl..'

"'If the Americans,: once said the London
"Qua'rterly, in a paper on De Roos' Narra-
tive, have any plan to offer, by which
American seamen may be protecie Caagant
serving iii our fleets, and British seamen
'from entering theirs, Great Britain will un-
doubtedfy be ready to discuss it." The
complacent impudence'of this sentence Was
well answered by otur novelist, Cooper, in
his"':Notions," as follows: WVe have a
plan for the protection of our seamen.
The Pennsylvania, and her five noble sis-
ters, whoso-fralnes are now providicg, the
Alabama, 7he. Delaware, the Ohio, the New-
York, the Verlront, North Carolina, &c.
&c., furnish a hint of the outline."
LIvING WITHOUT BRAINs.-The schoolmas-
tet asked poor Tain, the idiot, iow long a
man could live without brains. rain, lay-
ing' hold of the dominie's button, and gaz-
ing for a few moments in his lace, replied :
How long hae Ne .lived, doninie ?"
.The Picayune says th a there is a fellow
in New Orleans, who has rtun hiis, iace so
long for dramin, thai '.he has worn th6.flesh-
from his cheek bones,.. --. :.

oii.-i Trrty.,Ti.-Ay c".'i", 1. % ct i' i rl II, n .1ilIII |1ihI l
Contortions" so much as commenced ;-ih
short, for some reason or other, the knock
of the Dropper-4n suddenly and unceremo-
niously knocks some pretty domestic ar-
rangement on the head ; yetoto be denied
to your old acquaintance is impossible-
besides, he would wak in, ensconce him-
self in his particular arm-chaii, and stay
his -time out, Whether yon, we're at home or,
not-and therefore as you catch his voice
inquiring long after he has passed _the
.street door, and when ,he is half-way up
stairs, whether he shall find you above, you'
prepare to meet his outstretched arm, and
hand open as day, with an honest grip and
a frank welcome.
That host lacks the genuine spirit of hos-
pitality, or is a very early goer to bed, in
whom the glow of this hearty feeling of
welcome accorded to aiu old -familiar, could
.become extinct before one in-thetnit.rninm.
Granted, that when the supper -is before us,
wecould wish tohbe spared the necessity
-_.f lht-piniff-i-z excellent appetite of our
euest in countenance, and to be exercised
from participating inra repast, which is su-
perfluonus to -us. who' dined late, and have
not since felt the influtence of tlie keen air;
granted, too, that the e: xpediency of being
up soon in the" morning' so as to keep an
.early: engagement of some importance,- oc-
curs vividly "to recollection, and gives a
serious shock to 'our sense of conforir, as
we ,wh.ecel chairs round after supper and
settle Onrselves in the most social and satis-
,fwcory position ;- nay, it is possible. just
:pesiblb, .that a feeling of warinesss occa-
siptjbyre reeqre\ els too freely enjoyed,
renders us for once capable of dispensing
v,'iththy weed of glorious feature, oh, Ha-

%diu : tna, 0o iimiriing bUT Ifor sIx drops OI
thy punch without parallel, oh, whiskey of
Ire.land!- But to be drowsy before blne
o'clock is an offence which the best-natm ed'
Dropper-in could not. be expected to for-.
give ; to sigh, before one or half-past,'for
the going-out of Smoke, and the coming-iu
of Sleep, is to deserve to have y iu? htme a
Yarrow unvisited for eqxer.-r-io halve none
but solitary suppers, cigars that might b.e
warranted lown-made, and slumber's, inos-',
quiio-broken. No, though unpreparedjf.r.
a 'isite', ai' predisposed for bed, give. yon
a guest till.half-past one. Allow himn full
latitude..fov at. least his second tuntl.er ;
.blige hbn not-we should have said wish
him not-to light his fourth cigar until lie
has smoked his way leisurly up to ik; ac-
cord him full scope to-indulge his regular
number or,;cachinnatory tributes to the last
new Jonatha, which he challenges- 3ou to
join him in laughing at, as you are bound
to do, although it wvas from you that he had
the joke first, %%hel you Were conundrum-
izing for w,;ant of thought three months Le
fore. But when you have advanced tlihus
far on your road to morning, y,u. may, un-
der the circumstances:- be pardoned for
doubting whether it is quite p~racttch)eate.
lengthen your days by continually stealing
largely from I he night. ,-A juy of).:Arabs.
would acquit you of all offence agaits :hos-
pitality, ifyou were to wish, yea, he,il--.
that your visited" were any \\ here bt.t iti
oour arm-c'hafi'r, aid Ju,, iin' tieaet'6f seiz-
ing the poker-(hav\'j known you .even.
years) with mnalice aforethought towards-
every coal that does emit its flnmc; pro-

our friend is awakened to a sense of his
usual prudent habits, and of his present
trespass. "Yes, yes," he mutters assent-
ingly but drowsily, like one who confounds
going, without- going to bed. "'Yes, yes,
go to be sure. What are we staying for ?
Upon imy life I ought t, have gone an hour
ago !'" E,f'iinf,.at a quarter tuosix !
Is there any principle in morality like
the principle of moderation? "I ought to
have gone an hour ago," in other words, .at
a quarter to five in tihe morning How ri-
gid is our self-denil--how uncomnpromising
our %ieWs of improvement- !-how grand
the excess we would lopuff-how sweeping
the change ewe would institule-how\narrow
the limit of enjoyment we would fix "I
ought to have gone an hour ago !" That's
thre wa% 0o reform one's habits, and become
reconciled to oneelf. Strike off the old
shillhngs in the heavy accoutt, and let the
pounds stand. The camel's back breaks
render the burden of the last feather-throw%
off a feather's weighltt of voice, and persuade
yourslf that you are vicious no..longer..
Scorn gluttoniy, and takeji.r tl-orrty twi-ee.--
^h ri -he-degirading distinction of


; ~ ~-

~ I I 11 -3 --IC111 I I C-)l P- -- II. I

- -- -T ~I

I -" I" I



3~ Q ~ ~ 2r ~,





-" ', "*);< ,* -'*'" "!, "'y. -
,L -' :.'I ..
.. ;; '. "- .7.'.! .," ... -. ': : -":' 7 ., ..:. .

.'.i :' '. "' .a -,

dolls; As for toy mastevhg, r B i~a iA sed-
get, and -the ntevpswfiver. 1% tell -yofu '@hat %
51r. Secretary; though you carry lot'eh.J0' -
so, high, you are -not tibughtmuel'6 of. "tr:"
you .can't elp seeing that :m".hristlr.ss...- -
a.gr.eat.deal by =e, and :leats Upon nie w.y
.m c ,,f : .. "'.* !I,. '
"You lad .-t.ter boast of ou0rt, d dys
*friendship,",criod the grate, with a .Saee .ag
red .a fire.; .."you may d'pend.tpc.m-it.I a-i^
the warmest friendd she' ha -in:the world,
and a greftcomfort r.ve,been to her an'd my.
master these, lWg -winter evenings, "la"Wy's
the time, as you very w6eltknowwtrenihi.y
have pushed- you awayr.and. thrned .tibkir
backs upon you--drawing up to me-'_in.A..
most affect iorate manner'. .. -"= :r.- J..,,
"'if yn never cried
ble, ":.helijeve yRO sometimes.get apcf)t^
At'thLs.Rj fo rust the'gr.ate *lookcd^'--

the fire very quietly, -'uthearin.g. wae.-._gT-
bor attacked:, seemed to thiuk it. .titd trput
in a word. :"The, grate and I have been
warm friends," it said, "this many- .day,
and I an always sorry for its h4rd knocks
-especially asI generally get a peppering
myself, and sometimes a si0gei.ng ooil" ,
'" La! child," said the hearth ,brushi,"-you
needn't fret about the peppej'ing-t-Aon't
.Ialways brush you off as clean as.:a>whistl ?"
"0 yes, and leave the marks of your
smutty fingers instead." ....
Now the rug was a neat little body, very
choice of a fine plush dress, and much -.an-
noyed at living in such dirty neighborhood.
"You cqmplain of the dirt, do you?"
cried the tongs; "now just look -at my
face why they send mee lead-foreinost in-
to the coal-hod every day !" _: :-.
"Never mihd," said" the astral lamp,, ^you
was miade for a cplier!" : "Aad pray what was. you made fdOr-mal-
---a ert ?" returned the other. -;. ..
9, I am a philosopher," replied the lqa.jp,
I 1 throw light on every subject tjliat is
brought before me. When my master sits
down of an evening to read his pape' ,.he
never pretends to see into- the ywrite'r's
meaning without bringing the matter to nme.
AlYhile lie is reading, my lady is sewing for
her family-; sie .will tell you how. nuoh .I
lighten her labors."
-*-It appears 'to me," said the fodtsLo94 ,
". that a little mote modesty would be *beco-
ruing." *
'" Modesty !" cried liq.hifip in some heat,
LCwho dares to insinraiate anything agai.ast
my i-odlesiy, wvhefi I .nieer appear in coin-
pany wi-th,.bout a veil, although .those. who
have een'Tne carn .testify-that it conceals a.'
face wMch would .b,.zz!e 'eery beholdr;"
,- A.., ..;y i ra_,M> w -._
standing is so inferior to mine, whom every
body looks down upon. anti, treads benealftf.
their feet, presumes to accuse 'mieof a want ..
of modesty!"
"Peace !" said a soft rich toice in a: dis-
tant corner of the room ; it was the harp.-
"Peace I pray' you ; why disturb our har-
10ony by these notes of discord ? I yeas
dreanming over the s%%eet song ,'htih Y.ny
lady drew from me this morning. Its-ospft
airs still breathe through my sou].. Her
touch seit a thrill of delight over my frame
and my heart-strings still vibrate at the're- ,
mernbrance. Your angry words grate up-
on my ear, and make harsh discord."'
"Yes, and you disturb me too," squeak-.d
a violin; "I was thinking over Yankee
Doodle !1"
A large pier-glass. that had been quietly-
reflecting on all that passed, now thought
proper to assert its claims to distinction.
"MVy friends," it said, "I perceive-that you
all laav' a very good opinion' of yourselves,'
and each seems to think itself of more non-.
sequence than the other. Now I don't wish
to presume too far", but it's myecandid opin- -
ion that my: Iady would give you all up
sooner than she would me. I really think
she is on more intimate terms with" me than *
any body else in the wor(Id. I am her pri-
vy'counscllor in every thing petreairing to
the toilette. She consults me about the set
of every dress, the style of her hats and
caps, the color of her ribbons, and the, ar-
rangement of hr herr. She knows I anm
always candid ; I tell ",jthe trffth, the whole
truth, attd nothing but the truth? "Fhis is
mort than she can say of any other friend. .
If her cap, or the color of ler'dr'essis not .:
becoming, I tell her so, and she gives- it up.
to my opinion at once. She never goes out*"
of the house-without consulting me, I re-

ceive a great deaf 6f notice too, from-the.
ladies who visit mvfi'rnstress'; thAey al-Ways
consult me about -their dress, and-_'sh6t to
have as much respect for-'mi-opinion'as she ./
dues. Lately my lady seems" to like, me.-.
better' "than ever.. For night before '-lst, '""
when she returned from a ball':she, (,ame to,-'2-'.
ask me if her drtss ..as.in gdodoyar.'4"
While she was standing bef6ie'fhe,iHer-thm-'-':
band came behind'her, and.pointing to my:,.
face e aid, ,'with -a 'smile 'of tendernes.,
'that was the finest face`ni- the ball-room.' .
Delighted with ttiise"6mpliment, I exhibited":' :,
a countenance all radianit with smiles and .'
blushes.' Since'that, my lady never passes:.,
this way without casting a look of gra-t..
complacency n' me.- :. *:
Proud peat.7 xclaiied the rocking -
phair, throwing itself back in huge dis.da.fr:.
.' was there ever such. a p rating fool . :
every body knows ou areV flat. YOU' "'.
have d6ne noihing'-,llthe days of Yyorirfei-
but minister to the vanity of tbe: world; and "t
now,. I perceive that 'you,'are: 'full -of the
same quality yourself. 'Just &nsider ow.-.."
Muuch more useful I am.'-VWh6n ylad.y .]
fatigued-tired ..of you'and every one-else *"i
she comes to me;. I take heri in 4ry armfe, -
and rock her-by'L tl -hour : tgether.'-' .-t(.;i,
she springspgut_.ofrftylap (th meM` qn9 lq |t
husband .eomes ju-_-"''**f-. _
I know -not how inilh .onger this gaseowi I.q
ade wqplo have contint6d,lbu.tja thiheoli,
door opened, and'the '.8aidy of&le .hiS.
tered ; which had the. _fltct t6o' wvkve
and p.t.t every t-ing :ls6, io s'leep-" ." .
_- ":- ,. '* -^'.. ^' *^-=, ; .

"'The origin of Commerce Is coeval with the first dawn of Civilization."-- McCulloch.




) r'! i *; :

ducing a blaze that promises to lye brilliant
an hour hence and longer--one that you
would have justly deemed glorious, on the
moderate side of midnight.
.. No host, so situated, should go .so far as
*^o wish hisnuninvited visitor dead, but how
,should one helpswishing hi ue-depatted.
- The legs oF the chair seemed no.more a
part of it, -lthan .his own. .Its cushioned
arms have .grown to his and Iecolne indi-
visable. What is to be done ? We invol-
untarily answer audibly our .i.ard ques-
-tion, >by a particularly proitiactei'.d yawn,
.This luckily has the effect of arou-iTm our
remorseless guest fromr-thecoo y and uncer-
emonious reverie into which his spirits had
subsided. He-waves awaysome of-,the in-.
,tervening smoke, stares at us through lth
partially cleared space, and w',iith inimitable'
nonchalance exclaims, '" You see i -.-_epy)!"
-Sle.P !-i .- Idjl i be. ros- afei oti ro-
den'" it. ',We-o\n ithe" s-oIN-e hmein-
referring our indulgent, .friend. tlr an ex-
cuse, .to the four o'clock re\-ei-, of the past
fortnight, and apolo-izing ior.;fra.wish to.
get. to bed rather earlier than usual. "I
see, .1 see," 1he observesfeielingiy ; in fact
I'm-not over-lively myself, i'lljust," addos
he, considerately, and glancing round at
the coal scuttle, "I'll just :sprinkle the fire
with a little fresh dust, and ilicn I'll be off."
No sooner said halt done, ,and po-sooner
done than down he sits, %% i.h. tt air-unff-
conscious -as -,he is. of.. having ass'tiil l it,
but therefore the nmore 'd read f'il to'contem-
plate--with the air0of-a'itsncr w-ho has ju.t
dropped in to spend a long e%'eirngwith
"u s. *' .. *;* *' -
',While the. shock.'occasined-T- this "ew
movement, or .rather ibis new aud more.
desperate resolution to be stationarv, is still
.tuIont upon us, the clo'k-iniv ,dit .-een
to strike so loud, before -st ik .c s three.-
Knowledge under some ci rciimsl.iIceslead-;
to crime as surely as iQ-norance does. We
know the clock to be right toea second--bnt
it is impossible to suppress the de*s!e to",lie
in self-defence, and %%e delib,:rately inldtlT-.-
ourselves with the ernphatic as-s,: riiol, ilmat
clock is always too sIluw.` Lt,:-- a '- -.rurvii,"r-
..alv tItto\\n away v this pro nis( IC be Suc-
cessful,, for the enemy ironioiie-. that lie
iuisi gethis hat, But does he attempt to-
stir,-? Oh! no. "'Sta,-d n,1 upon the ordur
of your'going, but go at oa,'-e," is the adj.u-
-ration of-Lady Ma(beili. But sut ,isiler,
as our dropper-in, like, the remarkably large
American oyster, whicli re.qti-ed three
per,-Us to swallow wlole, la\e tQo pro-
found6 tendency to stay, to efi at one.,'lt-
takes such vi-iters al least three times to
Uf 1.3 ., r i-,.,:'s4 rrr (T iT\-CU rT "?iWTip''*r 1
guests. The Dropper-in in a moment of
enthusiasm, when he was quite off his guard.
ditt-';make netition of his hat. -This of
course is thc'Very last thing that we should
be eager to supply, at the first call. Never-
theless the tillo-ion to it has escaped, the
advantage must be taken, and the hat is pro-,
duced, gloves included. The production of
the latter is perhaps imprudent, for ten
minutes are expended in flirting with them,
fingerhig, and drawing them on'. .But all
'Yeluc.tant amorous d,:lfaN must ha\e an
end; nd excuse to kill time, extends to eter-
nity ; and the Dropper-in does, make his
.exit- at last-shaking hands, with you at
twenty minutes past three, with -a "good
night. Isee you are tired. .We are ,oth
:invalids. I wont keep you up P' -;
All but ourselves are in bed, We there-'
fore light him out, bolt the, door,& and put
thechain up. Meditating a ?p,-in- iintn becd,
we are at the top of the second flight of
stairs in an instant; but there wea re stripped
and summoned downwards by a knock-tiot
very loud, but administered by a consider-
ate hand, willing to wake every body in
the house, but reluctant to disturb -the- peo-
ple next door, or-the-sick geiiil.-nman over
the way. It is our friend re~turned-:he had
forgotten his cane. .. ,
A very dangerous and dread-awakening:
Species of the Long-stopper is he who drops
in soon after dinner and can't stay a mainfite.,
There is alway's a chiau'e that; .the fi'iend
w,\ho Iralkly, owvis lie has come to have out
an, hoiui's gossip with \nu~may o" a( the
end of tlr-ee; butt of tihe early- delpal'u re
whio can't slop an inlstani,.there's no hope.
IIf your visiter has a particnlarlv pres.ing
engfagenent elsewhere, he :ig sure to sta,
u,, h yoT : "O17.- T'-I Wne Iof take a seat at 6oice,

and Upwards, filIngt up a pause every ten
minutes with a wilfnl, laying, hy'pocritical,
"' Well, I mut ~igo,'" till' down he sits, tossing
his h'.t ov.er to t'he other side of the apart-

met, ,with tlhe look, voice', action, and ena
,.tire manner of' ,mian who is' not at all in a7
hurry, but feels_ himself quite at home, and
is anxions that you should not put yourself
out of the. way the least in the world on his
account. There is something that amounts
to )tle appalling in this specimen of ihe
Iribe. He has no superior in the whole
.ice of falniliar fender-breakers. Let him
once get his foot near your fireside, and lie
will tantalize you all the night long--not so
much by staying, as by hints of the neces-
sity, of going, conjuring up a succession of
sad hopes, and mocking ynu xiNth a hundred
visionary departures-himself a fixture-
part uf the furniture of (he room all the
tine. Of all public oratois; save us from
him who intinates at Qie outset that lie
hlis risen for the purpose of making a le'w
brief observations." We don't niud along
speech mu hL=-birt spare us a few brief 0b-
se \ca Qri. for experience teaches us that
therie: -s, no end to them. So with the guest
,,with whom timle is precious-who has not
;a minent to slay-who dare not even sit
down, beecattz-e he has an ahfair of pressing
nngartance on his hands.
- He is sure lo-impress one conviction on
your mind-that you have known. him a

- L- -------

~Y'I~LI, .. d

i^ To the Editor of the.Conner.- i .
,r The humorous Rabelains, who was dome,
;- tic physician to some mitred dignitary, he]
n'a consultation one day with several other
d physicians concerning ahypochondriacdi!
e order wvyeh his reverence was then trout
e led with, and an opening &eC0ctmio wa
Y unanimously prescribed. Disag.reeing, how
ever, about the composition of this decoc
tion, Rabelais strongly recommended a Rmi
as one of the mogt opening -things in th(
i" perfectly agree with that Melebrate
Fiench writer that "a key is o(e of thf
most opening things in the. world," but:I
think I can. mention another- of: at least
equal efficacy with his potion : Morey, fox
example, in the cases alluded to, generally
ope~iaes very forcibly rupon many patients
who are costive, and require medical aid.-
It will open a lawyer's mouth, and keep it
":ide extended for several hours if ^Qu ad-
minister it in sufficient doses;l but if you
deal it in scruples and pnnyweights, very
little benefit will bederived from it.. Money
operates persuasively with unsuspectingin-
nocence and permits the affections tobe con-
troffeyt'*-- &--rbrr --w.i i, -i-f_ -,
candidates for stations of,.hong)r and profit,
and seldom failed t.procure a laxajtivg hat
bit among those who have-the-geod things
of this world at their disposal. "
Like the key which Rabelais recommends,
cash will be. preferred to merit, and will
open a door for litigation, fraud, injustice
and oppression. It operates x i peculiar
energy when judiciously applied to the
palm of the hand; but as. I am not possessed
of a sufficient portion of it to apply to your
palm, 1 doubt whether this.epistle will open
itself a passage into your much esteemed
paper. ""
e S 83 9

APALACHICOTLA, October 15,4[839.


I.,- f-.. l 'K--- ft -


The firloiny extract is the conclusio
Of fin article in' te llst number of the Fo
eigit Quarterly Review, oi the tangled re
lations, peaceful and belligerent, of .uro...
a _Asi a. It contahis some information c
grm"It~aredt ?Iffh snbhjd 9lJats "'0 -
trartilg getferal attention among maratime
We have avow'ed-our.itfle apprebension
Of the Russian fleets. That of France, i
far moro firzfkdabo, ad-oher naval power
1Y 01r1 iuventioi of steam, may bid defiance
to tfiool.a-in Europe." 10 ,this headishe
49sevvesethet utemst attention. I
The systeof largevesels, regular ship
:oC0ho haie, :must now be materially altered
,ld .thoaghlwoe'ndoubtedly oughtrto keeI
;p a force of these, equate to anything tha
-iughthbe brought against vs s6 long as -the
present system is retained by other nations
yekfjt T1tust undergo modification. Our na-
v'al sttperiority in.1he lit War, for instance
cannot be maintained bythe same means
.tle sy.stdm of blockade would be impracti.
"gabl.: -eaamersmight nt any time tow. ves.
.50ls .Of war, and transpartiv'aong, their own
.ttOresl if ldesirable-; while vessels of war
-mtist "bc, dcpenderlt.on -the wind, and con.
ueqaently stand out often far to sea., But
stemners could not be employed in perma-
C le.at; blockade -fromi"t hO quantity of fuel
they reqmure,.and the little : so0pb they af-
iortd for movement anid'pace, after allow-
: ,maice fr thachfiery. The fire.too increh-
g .. the danger to the .magazine.V But tho'
.inefficient forna blockade they would; be of
.inffnitefservice against-it,-for a single stea-
.'mer'mightj issue 'from-.a bloekiaded port at
ightl i fair Weather .towing gun-boats. and
bbaring-a gannor mortarcannon carrying a
shdll.' of'sxkty,,etght: lotmids. Against-this
agsanrt a ship of 'the line cou1ld- offer little
de^te l -rr. as the stea'm&r- lies 1w ,in the
'"'fite.: h eh would -.seiaireey. -afford a mark,
vvhilethe~high :hull and tall masts of her
antagonist would oifer a target fbrevery shot.
Ai proofs ofs 'the destructiveness" of the
.1ieiyster1Aiwe ektract from the reports of
"evperiments mad -at Brest 'ith-M,
i .ha els'Mortar cannon, on-tlfe Pacifica-
teut"of 80 guns, 'some "yearS' since,. It-i
state d th a t : : .. ;, : .
Whatever ideav might ifave-been ortned
y fh efectof; thsAr thoge- which, 'have
b'een: obtained have surpassed' tnem ; that
ofbattle ship- a: destructMn- and ravage
'WhIch would- certain have prevented
.:her-flrat continuing 'the action, and per-
"hats-led o hertimmediate-ruin th.a ex-
tr&Unly remarkable ranges %'ere '0bfained;
that -the results so surprising, might serve'
&reatly to ni-dify, in,`ecxenjing, its;'effects;
06,se of nartillery by'se.eaand .land that
:M. PNixhan sis h hl, i praieeworthy fot ha-
v vin.g introduced teio in; and that lie cannot
C-et~OQ,much conigratulated ; that expo rence
lia coimirmed his theory, Ihal iftsuch effects
have been produ-ced with an 80 pounder
-9 i .,. ; one IH can OU poui-d
"gUn,;i onemcan hardly imagine those which
"Might be'pfo`duceId b'~ p"1ne5g us
"^~ ~ 0' .S Pounde&r guns,
pich M. Palxh1"ans'.-ual]- proposd."
*,,. I. Rlepoittertn.inatcs hf's--" Froin this
time your Committee istni)ifaious on the
i- -.mensea-dvantages which' would be pro-
du .uced by the adoption o ec Ihjs pecies of or-
din'ahee" which em6ploen'for the-def&eneeof
... ica iti, O tri. -,,gb0ns, loa i ing bakeries, at the
e ncftrarice (if road-sta'ds, &c., would, render
S possible the success of a4y ehifefpriS, at-
i" .feffpted against them by a squadron, what-
: ".ever migh'i be-,its force. Your Committee
(s~~6 efa J o~yced that-through. e x
periments oi the use of this arm ,n board
S thps of the line, we may arrive, either by
:T he different arrangemeni of which its At-
ling is suscep.tible, or by rmodiIrc.atlon of the
construction of the vessels themse.I.ves, at
bringi:)g this gun tinto. ,is5e -itbout .danger,
'. of which the effects Avpuld',e~vid.eti~t~lybe 1o,
.establish. a sort of. equilibriurm--between'
y'. *e, .el+ o~f different sorts and different, sizes
.* -a resillt.whicih would be tall to the-'advan-
r age of the ppwe~r which had rthe fewest
("}great shi ps-Oflhe'tnne).and" the largest pop-
nation, ahd" conseque~nily~to the'advantage
of ufFrance t"ove Elngland.++.^_" f .- .,
',- WeG ext ract rrom th,. :second 'Report :as
*'~1J follo w s. .. ..* .. ...* '' :
:r +.' "The: C'olnmission, which twice assur-d
Sitself" by. personal inspection of the prodi-
',- giotits damage donle on board the"Paeifiea=
; .' /ear b v".tae shells, ha %i after a full discus-
* .'sj:riforin~edtlhe opinion that the Paixhans.
,: cannon throw shell's horizontallyr or atthe
i ': sa me. angle as; ordinary guns. :
j. ".^ Th t the effect cf ih emi is .So terrible,'
|. that it wonld .probablysu~ffice firroneor'two.
.'*" sheiels of' thlis, kilid, to .bur~st between the:

,. decks oCa ship, to compromise th defence
.of the ves+l'attackid.', ." .... .
; That tilese'sl Iels' tilsy":produe byjtheir
f-,.* force and -,,explosion among the timbers,
:';;they should burn-t (ht~er, a degree16f damnaor
f ( , whch, if -it took ptawce ne.\r the water-line,
1-^V'l it would expose a line-of-battle ship to be
- )a-.' sun .rm-
.: ,= ,ed from tie, effect of the shell No. 8, which,
-j(if i had taken place at the water line, had.
: compromised the safety of.thq:ship.'&c.
....,"Respecting te question ofadi.iiing
x... n m.rta, rca inoh.i o : lie Jps'of he l e,) tli
,Cummissiin,. coniderinig the danger-anid"
.; .4.tlieuliy 01, employing at oilee. t0o.greatf a
S... Hltnb.etl'ob .loaded hollow projectiles, does
;. ;:i.ot.thiqk`,lhat the battery of a line-of-battle
b r'ip oight ,to be wholly armed with them ;
bbut It i.S nearly unanimous that two or four
of ti, Sbatt~eV, especially abone-6f the extremities,
with .thelprecaution of Jaying a store room
apart for the shells.' For-the rest ipoh this
..:p illt the Coninnission.hbi!ks,.' that it would
be convenient befro re adoption of tins
,. ann on buard~of.-hips 6f the line, to have
'."*. - ominiending.ltat the trials should be made
.li.id-r aU carcurmeahces, &c.',
-- a "Aud as to teli-uge bf' mortar-cannon "i
other vepse.1s than shlp. qf the line, a-3 well
Us. "" upon t he .coast, &c. the Conmmnlissi'on were
.- ., tiaini modsly-satisfied,1 that tlisarmi would
....',"-I va,,,a marvelloils .effect in coast batteries.
N-. O"No. ip, 'whatever .inglit he 'its force, if it
: ,~. was-froul ,30_0 to1 60' falhoms distant, could
z ;?tad V-U~nst sue battery; that it would be
.. i .vcrv.'advantageolis to ar"m with tins new ar-
I' t ilv,eitlierfloatingii terie-sPrguii boatss;
Ur \'Ossels, or SMcalL- veselg;'and it is'of
1 on1 that for rhe defence or road-stead.s,
--;b-t, 9" at~tac) of jinc of-ba-tle ship _be-
or, cnbad vdtl tlccess ofl mortar
I, "ef llib W ` s
ese matters hate not ycte-fme stffi-
--v...tily before the wp p liC at.arf.--.

rt wold seem, (says the Baltimore Ame-
n rican,) that the L-nglish agent, Captain El-
r- iott, is rat h14 imclincd to have a brush with
e the Chinese, if he can. His belligerent in-
Af tensions are thus set forth in a letter from
"Canton, published -the Boston Mercantile
n Captain Elliott threatens to do something
s when he is once outside the Bogue, which
r, may make it unsafe for any foreigners to
e remain in Canton-but -says lie intends to
e give timely notice-to all, that they may go
away, if they please. He intends to urge
s it strongly--fox, to use his own. words,
; Caatmn .will be too hot for ay whom I
may leave behind." Of course, Qver the
A Americans he has no control--7yet,-you
t know the danger is alike to all foreigners
; at Canton. In case of hostilities by any
one power outside, the Chinese will not dis-
criminate. Elliott says that when he has
seen.the opium all delivered, and.he can
leaveie will issue his final proelamation,
_,--i which be will give such information as
may atoncecause foreignors.to be, off. He
r urges the English daily to bring theiraffairs
to as near a close as' possible, and requests
t them to render to him statements of all and
any claims they may.have on the Chinese-
i which they are to leave in his hands. This
looks warlike, and you can see, therefore,
that it is quite possible we may all have to
go to Macao, bag and -aggage.
The: Columbia, (60 guns) Commodore
f Read, is in Macao Roads, We are now dai-
ly looking for the John Adams. We heard
she was in, but it proved to be a false report.
The Larpe .(18) is at, Chunpee, wheyfp the
opium ships are delivery,, The Venus,
SFreich ("4) is daily expected from New
South Wales, as well as the Alligator, Eng-
lish, (38)-and Capt, :Elliott says that the
Admiral of the India. station will be there
with a fleet within six weeks. The Good
Success was1 despatched to Madras, with
daspatches for the Indian Government and
Aihe Adnmiralon the 7th April, and the Ariel,
Warden, ..has been taken up to carry des-
patches, o Suez, for the British Govern-
inent, and will sail immediately. Whatthe
'Admi ral will do when he arrives no one can
j u d g e4.., f ". '
; Extract.of a letter.dated. "
'i, .:- .. H1 th April, 1839. .. )
"Ipresume you have read an account .in' t
tb~e newspapers of the capture of a French N
whale ship at C ham Island, by. the na- c
ties, who. murdered all the crew. and eat
them, run the- ship on-shore, nd burnt her
to the water's, edge. .-We were bound to c
Chatham Island when'w got the news, (
which miade,the. captain relinquish his de- t
sign. of coming to an,.anchor there ; but we 0
cruized about the Island two days. The t
natives would not venture on board, fearing 0
.we would detainjhem, ,.A short.time ago a
,a French man of war went there for the d
purpose of revenging the murder of .their c
countrymen; but-iheoy did not land, and i
could not see a single native ; they had all t
fled tothe mountains. She then came out .P
and fell fn with an American ,Xhale ship'
bound in---and the captains formed a plot e
,for taking them,, The man of war disguis- a
ed her-elf like a whaler, and putting twen-, P
ty marines, on board, the American, they fl
both stood in and came to anchor. On the o
,third day they-saw some natives; the Ame- v
rican -sent a boat on shore, to- endeavor to c
entice them on board, but it was a long time fi
before they could succeed, but at last got c
the chief and 10 or 12 of his men with two tl
women on board.. The captain plied them ti
freely with, liquor,- when he thought they n
had enough, lie gave the signal, and the d
marines made a rush upon deck, and after s1
a se~vere-struggle they were all -secured, sl
wiih the exception, of one woman, who t)
.jumped overboard and was shot: dead. by P
'one of the marines, who mistook her for a -
man. They were then taken on board the tl
Frec ,.'p to be conveyed to France. It P
appears it was their intention to take .the ti
American Ship and serve her as they lind h
done the' other.- N,' Y. Courer h

... AR~TiPicIAL :INCUBATh)N.--The .Eccaleo- s
biionz-A-highly curious-and interestingg ex- a
.hibitionl, especially- to the physi01ogist,, is t1
"open at. Londoin, called the,.Ecealeobion, a c,
~oin rivarice for hatching eggs by artificial s,
hbeat.- It differs? from the Effvpti'a method -
of artificia, incubation by means .of ware. ti
met%, or oven^^ heated immediately by fire, r,
;Which Was tried, in:Paris by De Reiaumur,,. a
anld in London by Mr.Mowbr~ayi and also n
firom. the more-recent attempt at the Eg3 p- a
$,[a H ail fay.means: of steam.' in what way" a
.the heat'of' the Eccaleo0hion is produced. we i]

-are iot inforned, probably it is by-hoi, wa-
Ater; ertainly he operation is- simple and n
effectiv'eas abundant living prIoofs daijy v
. iY an oblong wooden case, ibeotini-rie feet s
ii le'ngih and tliree feet in width and depti, p
entirely isolated, -and" divided into eight, b
compartments :'each,-elosed by a glazed o
door d'ark'61ed, the egcs are placed on cloth, a
without any covering; here they remain n
for.davs,.the period of-incubation; atexpi- s
-ion'of which.timrhe, the chfik'liberates .it- v
sef, and the next day'is running about and h
pecking its food as lively as if it had the t]
hei1-s wings to shelter it. The Eccaleobion- c
is capable of containing upwards of two t(
tholu-sand eggs, anid of hatcliing about a him=- 1.
dried daily; and thougJ some failures occur: ti
from natural causes, ihe 'machine, unlike I
the parent bird, never addles the egg. r
.. ... .' ; : "/ '. ; n
CiIRONOMETERS.-C-hrononleters are ex- :n
cellent things, Mosl excellent in tlheir way d
-and.when a shipmaster has hto or three r
of these delicate instrunenis on board, he y
maybe certain rhit ril' iey agree, they will .
indicate his alongside withlrgr.eal accu.racy.. I;
But when man has but one chr11oinl,)Iser. p
if he is a man .of sense,At-wiHl be aware e
that he shoirid ;not put in :it implicit confi- g
dence-as its delicate machinery may be so
"deranged by ajar or a blow, as to alter its
rate in a very consiiderable degree. He
shotldfl never trust to one- chronomdeter, as 0
we fear is .too oftrhiethe case-but should ii
talke every opportunity to aicertain its ac- a
curacy- by lunar observation-and when tj
thiweannot be done, he should .look for :aid n
to his dead< recl,'oning, and above all,,.-in si
keeping a sharp look ou. "n
It is no excuse for the loss of a ship to say li
balt the chronometer was inaccurate. A n
god Shipmaster will uev.er trust iuplicitly fi
to tha\ "- ,',w\'--. ,t'.t[M r. ..Journal. n

From the Charleston, Courier.
Having observed an- article in a Northern
'Pitint, under the signat-nre of a "Ship Mas,
teis," disapproving of Elford's Cn,-,,0,
Polar Tables, as he found the same inac.
rate at sea ; and, as the said work is ill
general use, because it is the shortest and
mostsimple method in existance, for finding
the latitude at any time of night, in the
Northern hemisphere by an altitude of the
Polar star.; and which has been so highly
'approved of by the mercantile world, since
its publication by the author in this city,
-that it has been re-printeed in almost every
part of the globe, for the benefit of seamen;
and as I deem it a duty which I owe the
sea-faring world, to correct any errors that
may, or shall hereafter rise (fromcertain
natural causes,) in any of my late father's
nautical publications, (being perfectly ac-
quainted with their principles;) I take a
pleasure in correcting the said inaccuracy
complained of. It has arisen since the
publication of the work, from the unac-
countable but known variation of the north
pole of the earth, from the tail of Ursa
Minor; tberfore, by using the following
c.rection to the w6rk in use, it will make.
the same perfectly accurate up to the V-ar
1845, viz--If you take out th, correction
from the Circular Tq., bet ..en A & C
substract7 miles; if be^.een C& Esubtract
51 T11is; if between E & F subtract 3'
niL-- if between F & 0 subtract 2' miles.
But it ig my intentiona-ere )-ng, to-publih-n,
new edition -upon a smaller scale, (as the
present is rather cumnersome,) corrected
for its present object to the year 1850; and
shall so improve it, as to inake itanswer
several other very important purposes to
the navigator.
Yours, respectfully,
Charleston, Sept. 20th? 1839.
If the last eruption of Vesuvius, at the
beginning of this year, was of the greatest
interest for the geologists as well as the
artists, and afforded, even to the eye of a
simple spectator, an inexpressibly be-auti ful
sight, it exhibited at the same time metero-
logical phehomena of the greatest impbr-
tanee, 'It will, therefore, pot be without
interest -to our readers to receive a short
extract from the observations of one of our
natural philosophers, such as they have
been:communicated by him to the Royal
Academy of Sciences, (supposed to be that
of Berlin.)
'Prom actual measurements, then insti.'
uted, it appears that the flames or fire
columns in the night, from the 2d to the
3d of January, with an.expansion of from
4000 to5000 feet diameter, rose to the height
of 1100 feet, (from the brink of the crater,
consequently of one-third of the whole
mountain;) while the red-hot- stones and
passes of rock were hurled still 4000 to
iWC) feet higher, whicb in coming down,
reduced a dreadful- crashing noise, and
covered the whole cone. The surface of
he crater has risen, during these three days,
15 feet, notwithstanding the descending
ava carried along with it a great part of
tteX'eje ld lliail.,i ) 'u 'ih^^, 1^ liud," 1; t,
point called del Palo has lowered nine feet.
[he volcanic phenomena reached, in the
fight, from the 3d to thetl4b, an awful vio-
oence; they continued, in-half an hour's
ime, from llh. 21m. to lIb. 59m., 119 elec-
ric sparks or discharges of immese extent,
nd the greatest beauty, of the matt vivid
nd fiery light, like lightning, of a zig-zag t
orm, without, however, causing the-least
under or other noise., They started all
tom tthe extreme points of the fiery col-
ms, or -from the edge of -the lava, where it'
owed. from the crater, -and all took the
ame direction upwards. In the nights from
:he.2d to the 3d, and from the 6th to the
ill,.there were observed a great quantity
f shooting .stars of uncommon size and
im liglt, which, in. an .almost horizontal
ircction, .threw2 themselves into the flames,
s if attracted: by a magnetical force, leav.-
ng :behind them a milky streak, which was
isible some time .after their star hard van-
shed. The .ejeetion of the ashes to the
oulheast side was very considerable, and
Paire del Annun Ziata, as. well as the I
h0le territory for many miles i.n i-ireum- ,
;ei[eicewas and is still covered with t~wo .'
o three feet of ashes, which for-a time in- '
err'^pted the communication on the main
o a d "
INHu!MANITY.-There are, always- have.
een, and we presume always will .be some
Sea in th# world, who seem to have been '

orn only to bear emphalic testimony lothe
lepravnty of human nature.,, Such aonewe
believe to be the "sailor landlord be-longin;.
0Savannah," .Who caused the: death of -se-
en of the crew of the ship- Mil.edgeville.
vhich was wrecked. near Cape Hatieras in i
hegr-eat and disastronugalo of tnsrAm-gui. I
'he vessel was lying stranded where she.
would not be approached from the shore by.
boat:, but by means of a buoy,/a4 boat. was
rough as Bnear the shore as possible, '66d
hp passengers being let down ilto it b)' i
0pes, and drawn ashore through the sprf,' "
y other ropes fastened around tieir bodies.
,he whole, day.bad ,been.jt~hs humanely t
pent by CWpt. Porer ao4,his crew, and
vhen the boat was moakii ng ts ,ast .trip, ta- c
ing the crew uff, (he person alluded to--
his na.m.e is~not gien)-got into the boat,
it the Curd that secured it,' deelarifig tfh'
,very man must save hinmself, and by Ihis Y
peans seven ofthecrpw were left, and per-
;hedin tlhe' 1niaht. bAreat was the indigna- L
on or0the people on shore, that it required
t.trong, guard -for his potection. Such
aniton inhunmanitv is shocking; and the
ame of him ho yW,) ,l)z y of it ought to
t i..rinted-in. laroe c:apitals, .nrrounded by
border r,,nsistin,2 of ihe \ord~s inh umau.
nd hi fYi,,'0ov.-, a)1d published in all the-
1(mspqp-r"' .er)% w-here, that Ile might be
voided by his-no, not his fellow men, for )
e has, uo hll.low-hut by all 1nen. The 1
argo of 6 thcIilledgeville so.d for.$12(M. ; r
nt the vessel went to pieces.--Baltimorle
un t ',. ..' .. ,_ : 1

THrE LAST.-An editor in Mississippi fold- i
d up a lot of Brandon bills ins-tad of his'
aper, and directing them to the agent of
he U. S. Bank, wrote-on the corner of the
arcel, "Please e.xchrtmne.?'" Thiepresen--
ative of Nicholas Biddle returned ihe ed'ior' <
is paper, \vith the pithy reply. "I 'lbe d-d t
f I d, -." .M 0 P ic. "-" "

Ill relation to this subject the Fredericks-
burg Arena remarks:
rhe payment in advance, in all case-s, is
a greater innovation than the reduction and
uniformity of the rate. This also is one of
the essent-i"s of the reform. Its beneficial
'effects will be two-fold-security against
less on dead letters and greater simplicity
in the details of the office. D_3- Editors
"are particularly interested in this feature.
The abolition of the franking privilege by
the members of the British Parliament, .4
a self-denying ordinance, which we are in-
clined to think our Congress will not adopt.
though sanctioned by such a precedent.-
Yet it is very important that this.privilege
-abused as it has been to an enormous ex-
"tent-should be regulated.
The practical question which arises, is
tite effect the proposed, changes may have
upon the.revenue of the Department. We
should not consider it an objection to the
scheme, were it not -demonstrable that it
-would greatly diminish the receipts. It
never was intended that the Post Office
should be a source of revenue to the Gov-
ernment. Heretofore, the great extension
and improvement of mail facilities, has pre-
vented a surplus revenue, which would
have accrued were the mail routes of any
one year considered the permanent estab-
lishment 0fthe Departmieit. We areof o-
pinion that, for the first year or two, there
would be a falling off in the receipts-but
we are-equally persuaded that the red-ed
rates would, ultimately, lead to a large in-
ceaseNof tle revenue of the Department.
V'Te t gh;';k the facts collected by'Mr. Hillf
,ind hlis argument on this point, as perfectly
We are in favor then of the proposed
change. It will be fraught with beneficial
consequences In a moral, commercial and
political point of view, and deserves the so-
rious attention of every patiiot. We hope
there will be no delay. The sooner the "
Change is effected the better,
From the Baltimore Suin.
The Subject treated in the extract below,
is one of primary importance. All are E
aware how lasting first impressions are-,
how the character of the human species, I
in youth, is under the direction of circum- t
stances, and controlled by them for weal or i
woe,-and yet few are wont to carry oIut
those theories which observation has con- i
minced them are correct, in the bringing up t
of their offspring. They are sensible, from
a recollection of the effects upon their ownl
minds of the deleterious influence of vi-
cious and depraved companions, upon the t
destiny of their children ; and yet,-with all c
that is said in the language of admonition 0
oi of argument, they suffer them to take 4
their own wayward course. This remarkI c
of course, refers to parents not themselves c
addicted -of vicious habits. To those chil- r
dren, whose misfortune it is to be under the n
care of immoral and degraded parents, it 5
s a small matter, perhaps, whether or not r
hey are restrained from keeping evil corn- c
)any. The result of parental example may t'
be easily anticipated in such cases,_it will 4
ever be dei.hporable. Oh, how much crime b
and deg-r-a-d-at-iion, a- d-w-0e,--- r- -uL of ti
parental example. As it regards the Iin- p
luence of the company of books, as treated I
Df in the paragraph we are about to quote, n
we feel no hesitation in affirming that the h
conduct of parents is, in the general, woe- ti
ally at fault.- They do not choose for their ti
hildren the books they peruse, but allow a
,hem to follow their own whim or inclina- a
Jon, and read whatsoever productions they f(
nay like. .This should not be so. Chil- tl
ren are not capable of judging correctly in- fi
uch matters, and should be controlled u
trictly in-their course of reading. The fl
ime wasi, when" it was not necessary for si
parents to use so much caution--to look' tt
vith so much jealousy upon the issues of ,
he press; men engaged in the penning or o
nbiishing of books, were more conseien- d
ionis, being less imbued :with that speculat- d
ng spirit whlich has long characterized the a
ook-makers of Europe, and gained, of late ir
rears, so great sway over men in like put v
uits in our !and. But the times have sadly it
ltered.- -The question is -not now put by .u
he publisher or book-seller to .his own3
ofiseience--will this volumep; u~sef'ul to x\
oeiety--?:".^ ;lie good, or will it work evil f,
-but will it se~ll well, That'is the ques/- t(
ion. Such being the: fact, it behaves pa-. tf
ents, who. care for the future character r(
nd bappinless of their offspring, to take the"
natter of protection into thetr own hands,
'nd look Well to the productions which are :b
slowed to exert their silent aind irrevocable:-n

nfluence upon the mind and the heart: b
"The case is a perfectly clear one. I d
may no more pay my money to hire a no- b
velist or a dramatist to teach my children 't(
ipiet\ or impurity,' thann.I may hire the v
ame teaching by 0_je JiimLaz xwice in iny
parlor." Parerts, therefore, in -selecting -tl
ooks~for family reading, ought to strike. 1
ff,-at one- heavy dash, allthec6art-loads -e
and ship-loads of 'plays, 'novels, and ro- A
nances,which 0ffenid openly, 'hough ever b
o Uiifreqtiently, against piety, morality and.,

virtue,,'.A parent ought never, if he can rv
elp it, to -allow a faseinatini, w riter to. say.]b
hat behind the screen to theeyrbof~his 1
hild which lie would not permit any one- S]
o breath into his ear. I am quite aWare
hat lhis is a'extlreimely sweeping prfosci'tpt k
[on of popular literature of the day; but .(
cannot, in conscience, either modify or. -c
ecall it. No book, whatever- may be its; e:
eierits in- othep respects,: w-hich takes the V
.iame of God it vain, that. is which intro- .i
ucesthenameoflhe Deity prorane., or r
rreverently, or eonlains any pro-fane oatlh.;" A;
whether vultIgar or genteel, ,,r \\ hich is 111- \
lure, should ever be brought into a family. n
If ,n adiher'-nee 1t thisi rule should exclude b'
am)!!1o of the most admired poetry awd (Is- a
inating historical romances in the lan- al
uage, it cannot be helped."-Rep. Dr.i%
rtttin]hreys.., .,'.- '. -; :.:-:/, a'

RCTOR.T Co' ProuT)s.--?Oret of -hose 'til l'C
edlars with whicli New England is so much- b!
nfested, called recently at a.-certain housee' 'S
tnd: made. the usual iiliriry, whether any
iw..wNarewas %;-anted ? A yonng lady hu-
Porously replied, "Ye%, I should like a (in ei
,ide saddle!'' Tlie polite young travelling p
nerchant very courteoously replied, i t1
ave not any on hand ma'ambut I cfia 'p-
,ake you one." Then _.untying a rope tE
roin his Crt,0 he added, vl Ivill i-ke your h
in asure. if yOU p ,? ~'-- =. _- if





portance. as a national work. There 'isSvT
Chattahoochee a national arsenal. between
which and, the seaboardeasy crmiunica-.
tion should- at all fi'm.e"- epIreicable. I
i it were now necessary to transp ot atshort
r no1t0c0ea qumthty of! mnitUiions 6f war to or
"from the arsenal, itt Wpuld be difficult if.-nt
impossible without opening through
mueh of the distance tbi$ road is"proposed
to tmverse. "Itis thertfore indispensable
to the'full 'utility of a work already con-
:structed by Government avyIa cost
that a fr qhr xpe.diiurej,hould be. mad
for this road, the cost of thioh, careful es-
timates say, will not exceed $t0/100. '-
While other towns Qn/the .eonrd have
roads connecting them Wi itlfte interior .we
have none. Petitions'from those towns to
Congress for roads-noi only those for ge-
neral utility and public con venience, iut. for
local benefit and convenietnce-have beeI
answered by sufficient appropriations.[
It must then require from us only a m--
morial representing the rcal tu aati, o' f r-
city witll, regard to the interior, and the aEd-
Vantages to be'afforded to the public by t-e,
construction ofthis road, to ensureAthe fa-.
vorable action of Congress.' : + / : "
We hope our citizens will give their at-

J,- -- ..... .. <-JU t b (iir
early period: place a suitable memorial in
the, hands of our Dvl-,g:fi e, whose best exer-
tions will, we doubt not, be Civn i lto procure
the appropriation, ,. "

Our correspondent B. is -:,-;.;'i
cetion.s. He is Ividejntly, a man of some
humor, and we inline to'the belief that he,
too, is a disciple of Galen..The air (.pr61
fessional accuracy with iA Mchl he describes
a, certain disorder, wfiilvl-11. t;, 102Va-
ling the remedy, too plainly betrays him.-
We understand his meaning i.-teri.-I.rrhaps
than-he-does himself, liut a whole-,eflege of
phy-:cians cannot rc,,\ iiice us of .the cxist-
ence oe a diea.;e by d,.;eribinio the symp-
toms.- We think better of the moral health
of the community than does our Core;pon-
&enf, nor will tbe "plagtuespot," ihoighi:vi-,
sible on the cheek of one, or a half dozen
individuals, alarm us for the public safety.
The disorder referred to, though it be ai-
lowed to exist,, is not contagious, and there
needs no e Iaordi nary,' exercise offri'idencee
or virtue to'avoid ci,, *,,i ,)rimiii i,:,n. ."'there" is
no compulsion in the matter, and we persist
in. maintaining that the mhan who barters his
principles for gold is more' guilty than he
,who. purchases a ci,_inmodili,-, so 'utterly
worthless, .. ": :'"- '-: "
WVeobserve Iiyilhe Fim.r),:sthai-; I,.>i::, ar',--
v al (..I"F'at is daily'exlcc.ted ;i StJ.,-Tp1,,'
or rather atlolawhere "Flats" in vnribh pvi
m oTn nix n~rr iT'-wr < ^-rT:- n n-t1 tI e iri' i ''[-. r" -
of deep conirliatlalioln to o)ur heighbers -to
be assured of an acrc.bS.ion so.-well-timed
and providential. -, .:
The interments in .Muhil,-- ringrig the
month of September were 383. F,,m Ist
to 4th inst. cnclusivze, 22. Thi6Clroiiic,
of the 5th says, the number of deaths de-
crease, but we are still -fopiion im (hero
is no abatement in the-mal~itgyiiy of the epi-
denic.'1 _..

The Hon. Robert 1'. la3 ne, of 'South
Carolina, died a( A:hi ile, N. C. 04 t4,24th
ult.- .. ,:
The Briitish Qeen sailed fro-mNew York
on the Ist inst. She carried out $750,OC3
in specie. "
The whole 1 ,1ount of Treasury Notes
(34-10!, q-on the lst inst. -was $3,707;-
P8.4 5T 3, .1 .: "".

The American Minister at Vienna, Mr.
Muhlenburg, has, it ser-tns, by the impru-
dence of a friend, got-him.self intoI an awk-
ward predicament at the-Court of Austria.
Some time ago several letters of .his \.ere
published, and went the round of the pa-
pers, in which he related "how he had as-
-tonish.tidhe natives with his. German '
11 how.-he was caressed," and other little in-
-ridents-'.:wlirh. were c4nintmintialed only in
-the confidence (if intimate friendship, w iih
no intention of pnblicati,..n., The coirrs-
poudenw of the Minlkter, however, th,,u-ht
A ..... |hd he.d,-b,, A gteaLser\iee to.his-di-
plonatic rfriend, by 1erting the world know
w hat a sensation, his accoi~pl hihnets -had- ^
created in the capital of,Austria.' The, let-
ters were accordingly puiblished, and trav-
elled by regular course of nail baek to Vi-
n1a. Their contetits were generally read,
andl produced a feeling not ierty'paqsant
tuiard. the American AiuaZt-,dar.. le
ogets out of the scrape by laying the blame
on the indi-cretion f his. corespondent ;
Ibu.t hi, predieaiueJit, t'o-say the least of it. is
"ra, her awkw,:ard and ridicutlous.--A7. O.,Bul.

TnH. NE_\\SPAPER.--The matt who takes no'
newspaper eann)Ot reasonably expert to oc-
cupy. a \e.ry high stranding in society-. How
can 1he expect to know,'\.hai is passing in
.th~e world, w~hai mank'in.d-'.c.'e abo'ut and
what he ou,.hJ..to oceupy himsielfl'br.i,t, un-
less helas access to those c[Irnohitiic,fe Ilili
times w\hieh disseminate intelligence, and
ber:ald in d'u..e [(orii/,all earthly .ccth'r)i^Ties, .
.t'rgajn the ero'wnfig uf .a, m.marc.h, .to the
birth of Mrs. John Smith's t-wins-fi'om the
conquesi of empires, to I1he capture of-a-
hutlmtmin btrd? Howv can a man expect
to rank ,equal w;ith the best, unless lhe
-knows as nluchi as t!he best ? And hov can,
a nman .e~xpect .to [novv as much,.tnless he
t ak e s a n e \\s p a p e r ? ./ -.. '

Reader. if you lake no paper, and are now
reading a borrowed onfe, just -think of the
advantage your.ueighbor has over.you, who
hlas read it first, and is now speculaiing on
its colftents, whrileyouare ploddingthrough
them ; and ihen ge-and sutbscribe atd tihus
patronise tlie printer. Take a paper'-by all
nm eans.- P ror. ",:i et -,.- "

" I, ,.',, -tutissimus ibis,"

I'e have fitted up a REvIa'"Vr 'ROOMW
on tMe third floor of our premises, open at all times
to our friends atd the public. -, ..

Col. ROBERT MYERS was yesterday elec-
ted to represent Franklin County in the
next Legislative Council,
It is of the utmost importance to a bu si-
ness town that its communication-s with the
surrounding country, from which its.busi-
ness? is derived, should be frequent and at
all ti m a with faculty. Connected
with this, and perhaps itsrmost.important
feature, is the transportation of mails,
which should be conducted with all the
rapidity and regularity permitted by the
location of the town. Our city has suffer-
ed much-from the frequent interruption of
the only communication with. he. interior
now practicable-that by steamboats.
During every summer, with few or no
exceptions, since the first settlement of this
place, and particularly the last summer,
the difficulties and- delays consequent toa
low stage of water, have shown the neces-
sity for other means of comtnunication.
For several months of each year, a boat of
the lightest draft of water pan run in the up-
per part of the Apalachicola River only by
the exercise of great vigilance and exertion
of its offiersL-and if by the perseverance of
the contractor the boat continues 'to r1";n
tier trips minust -f)leti ] ..e i"rre. ir 6'i -
grounding, contact with rocks and snags
and necessary repairs of damages. ;
This diffieulIty must- ever attend theear-
riage of. mails by steamboat, while none
will attend their transportation by the mnode
Oi coinnnieation-which, the population
and bu)itess ,f 4ou ,ity may well require
-. good coach-road front Fort Gadsd.en to
Chattahoochee,., Rpports of survey 0 and
-,thers acquaiilted witi it showfi the route io
be favo'abie, and one th'iough which agocid
road cantbe( contracted at an expenditure

ItEs s tih an I ,ii s b ee n 'T'q 'tTq r ,-fl t.k,, t l i.
distance on mo.st of the road-, through the
eouniry-the distance not exceeding si.rly-
fie_ mile*. From Fort Gadsden to-this ei-
tY a distance of twenty miles, colnmunica-
ioirby water may always be depended up-
on with safety. The early and regular ar-
rival and departure of our mails is nol the
only advantage to result from the opening
of this road, nor are our citizens aloine toi
rgqap the benefit... The ',elling colUni.im
nity-will be largely btnefilted. The water
is often so low 1in the river that no steami-
boat can run-at such times the' utility and
convenipnce-of a line of" mai0-eoaches would
fully compensate the public for tmice the
necessary expenditure.
This road would open to the planters in.
die counties of the Territory, contiguous. to
the river and in the lower counlltes of Geer-
gia, a way by woich tl.heir own wagons
may-convevtheir produce to market, and'
return their supplies', at all seasons of the
year--an a.d'aitage of no sight moment to
ei Oer otyr,own citizens or the people of the
interior. To show what would be the val-
ue of the road to the pJanters in and negr
Gadsden County, if it wvere .now made, We
uteed only point' to IIe sca.rcity of salt, and
6ther indispensable articles under which
they are now suffering. -?. ,
T'he propo0red road is of paramount im-

Apalachicnla, Jue "25, 1839. S
Nor-likrn Mfail (by Steam Boal)
Due_ every Sunday a. 8 P M.
Closes every i tucsdayat6 P" M..
GEO. F. BAL LZELL, Post Master.

. .

pct, 24cy Apaiachia. '



LDOlPJ'I.)LE, ItE.Bl &ll tl, ?lAV.t,
aprl'4 1 ey I 40,water "1., Apalachicola


M.AN'OAv -e ftErs-0F',:- "- .. .. :" *'"
Carmer Commerce and.Cherry streets,
apr24I cy: ., Apalachicula.
SHOES, HATS, .'c.S !._.
apr24 1cy -" 47 water st.,Apaladhicola.
... 1DAY .&: CO.. .




pitI'- ..52 Water street, Apalacic`1a.


_I _

N OTICE--'Mr. E. C. ROBERTS Is my d, lIv
a-utttora-ed autent dtzring.:mv ahb;em:e fium
this ctv. Apgtal hicola, 3 IS.t 12, 1839.
, myt15 JNO. IV.RLNALD1
" '\ ":' -' : :,.C .I-D .E'R : ** ".:.. *
Boxe Chamne Cider, w. s._
60 brand, for alebv -" ,' i
A'FEW "casks b,.? BUR-TON ALE and
by ^ ....... NOURSE, B-ROOKS &.CO.

-' GIiS, ,;c.
2 W A AI0 fee. Clear and Me?'chan,-
C 9. ableib,..- -, 50,000, No.I
Shreslt ; 50-Doors wrH ma.:le, ol vtri,-oi _ize-,
fdr ,ale by NOURSE, BROO,-KS & CO.
.. ay l ... : i "1:

;' NOTICE. :'7 "

D" iURING my obtpn.,e fI'om he Terr[.:,rv,.
;'. JLJ? G,.\V. Win. P. DUVAL %\IIl r,?prpl'et rie
I in mY h3wV buine-?, and BENJAMIN F.
D NOURSE in myv piivare bu-.;iiiies.
jy- 11 W\n. H, BROCKENBRoUG H.
A QUANTITT ol'Key W,.It Salt--,i-perio,
"'z Sp-,nn!h lo.,ofa-g-a I,, 0of Bas2in. Did,:L,:
at I8 cts. 'pr ;ardt.. Appl\y at t!ii.' orti,-e. -
.^ .je128: ,,/ ; .r, ,.,,,. ". ": -

A VsaRIErY of'Seo.d-hood Farnii'ire, for
./- -sale lo^v fori cash. -\pplv ai his5 '!.i .::'..
pq' . ".

* ; t...... .,k _,i .-,:..; r..... p,, A 1R -D S2L''^ m. .,. |

oct8 5cy'" 53Water street, Apalachicola. -.,

^ IINB MPL.UD,. .-

following deidits or. a &-be e,'Of
AL.-L.oery,'to be drawn- .Demember tox,.
warrant 19 in deelaringtih t o be lonp .lelle in"'
the hisory o6t Lutteries: & Prizes ol' ie aingm,
have never be bre'be'en offered to tbhinrt):. t-f -"
is irlie, ther are many blanks, tut on the athe "
haid, th"e extreyffely lo9w.charge-,of SS2 per .'
Ticket-the value ind urmber of the: &0.liakc, .
and the revival of tlhe o6"d 61doka of w-ar
ran'.,ini.that every Prize shall be drawn ailddold"
Wilr. ~e Vre'-sure, giv-e -niversal satisfuetian,
'mid especially to the Si$'Huird -.Pr4.z boldei.-
-To tidsedi0oseirt~to'deBre, wtelleoi^tiWred,-
.early application being made to us for, .Ucket_-.-.
Ahe" the prizes are all sold, 'luBs e ply retain
-the., have the ,es,-chanre.;We,
therefore, e hnihaily sayv--Delay n-o.0-butlat
once remit and //*aiasmut to'us.yourore1erswhieh
-thall always receive our immediate afleution.--
Lietter ltobe addressed, and applications niadeit,
",. SYLVESTER & CO.: :
'' 156 Broadway, N. '. .
Observe thi umbeilt-1 .. i ;?
"" . .. -- '. ", :' ;*

$Io6,0008500,0oo,o0o i'6 s o,0o0..:
'.. t : ;T .1-;, 22a A '- "s] ,.,.- f'' .
, ?.. .. .6 P R I Z E S O P 1 ,' '
-, ,- : ,; ', Q, Q n .;.''^"

ALL persons engaged in those small 'sail boats
passing by, under pretence 1,f go) n to S..
Mai is, that make it theii business to stop at the
in Lsi- end of Dog Island, and plunder the propri7
eiors Stock to furnish this in.rket' jili fresh
provisions,' are hereby forewarned that I will
snuot the first man I find committing such depre-
dations."' PRCPRIET.OR,
octi5'96ht Qf Dog Island,

subscribers have just .received a qulniity
of B:igginrg and Bale Rope o'f prime, quality,
which they wilt sitl on reasonable terms, '".
octl526 40 water street,
A few ,cases heavy Kerseys, Blankets, and
coarse Shoes, just received and for sale
lw, by V W. q. PORTER,
oc115 26 4t waater streett .
C||j| SEED, part Gulf Hills." '
100 coils Bale Rope, for sale by .
octl526 ..... .. 40 water street.
A quantity of Bagging and Bale, Rope, juist
received per brigs Opulence and Florida,
For sal h' ow by W. G. PO RTER,
octl5 2( 41 water street.
THE subscribers have" received direct
from Sweden,,per brig Freya,, 40'tonis
Swede Irbn",'whieh they will sell low for cash or
approved paper.
octl5 26 40 Water st.
-' h 6 INDI'IA.NT barrotl- Mlaga. Loring's"
_TO b-ranid ;' alo oqan1'rY-oT Madeera
Sherry in boi'tles, old and superior, of favorite
brands, for sale by
octl55.q 40 water street.

FOR NuEW-YORK--Comnerclal Line,
v,i= FiRsT PAcK.The ,well-known Brig
}'irS OPULENCbE, Rohinkn', master, will
gffy" "sail in a fe days. Por freight of a few
whales CQuon, or for passage, apply on boa di ox.

MAIA0 GE9ER&L QAiN3s.--Vast Eale-
Wwvtroim Story.-The public have no
doubt observed that .Gen, Ganes not long
since marrif-A p seebnd wife. It h\as not
been generally stated that he has a prospect
of obtaining in her right, an estate estimated
at twoelve milliss 6fI oltlars I Mrs. Gaines
claims to be the legitimate daughter of the
late Daniel Clark. Mr. diark settled at
New Orleans, under tlhe dominion of Spain,
and become an extensive merchant and
speculator, beside* distinguishing himself
as n politician. Ile died iii '1813, find Mr.
Rolf, of the mercantil firm of Clark &
Rolf, of New Orleans, took immediate pos-
session of his immense .estateai under the
will exeeutea in 1811. From that period to
the present, Mr. Relf has controlled, con-
ducted, and disposed of Mr. Clark's estates,
without accoutntability to. any one. Mrs.
Gaines claims as' Mr. dCark's daughter.-
Her story is a romantic one. In 1802 or
1803. Mr. Clark married in New Orleans a
lady separated from her husband. This.
separation had taken place in consequence
of proofs tlat'he liad a previous living wife
--but before these proofs werie effectively
obtaqine4. Upon this account the marriage
fvas kepf;.priyvA't, Mrs. Gaines Was born
pf this marriage, and named Myra.. isa-
groements arose between Mr. Clark and his
wife, which. resulted in a final separation,
in the year 1897, no public acknowledge-
ment of the marriage'havfng taken place.
The lady, in the persuasion "that her mar-
riage was an illegal one, from his* refusing
-X A,'AjLb U 1 iAbL/ U CtiA- X^P .yo?* pifr-n ir'
with a: gentleman of Philadelphia, who took
her to France, wherT they resided many
years. He is now dead, oand his widow,
claiming to have been once the wife of
Daniel Clark, is living, and resides at
Nachito"Qhes. In 1813, it is alleged, that
Daniel. dark'.made. a new Will, written coin-
plete in his own hand writi:-g, by which he
recognized the legitimacy of hiis daughter
and devised his immnse property to her.
This will, it is charged, was obtained and
secreted ,-if not destroyed-by Mr. Rel1,
In 1832, Myra Clark became the wife of
Wn. M. Whitney. She had been brought
tp by a Mr. Davis, in total ignorance of
her parents and of her alleged rights.-
Aftor;,lht mnarriagq of WVhitney, in exam-
ining some old papers, he first Obtained an
intimatibn of his wife's parentage and claims.
He commenced an investigation, which has
led to the'full proof, as it is said. of all the
facts here stated. In the hands of Gen.
Gaines, no doubt, every effort will be made
to elicit all the facts, and to secure for his
wife the paternal heritage that has been
wrested from he, "Daniel Clark was a na-
tive of Sligo, in, .Ireland, and carme to New
Orleans uporAhe invitation of a bachelor
uncle, who made him his'heir. He filled a
large space in thle politics of the country,
and-,gave information that fully confirmed
the Kentucky Spanish conspiracy, and fas-
tened on General Wilkinson a corrupt par-
ticipation in it. And now ask the question-7
Who was Daniel t70rk?-and all but a
comparative few would confess their igno-
rance t ,. ,

CoMMODORE P ORTER.A letter from Com-
imndere Porter to .a frieitn in' Chester, (Pa.).
published in the L'anl;i l Union, announces
ann,-,unce- his safe arrival at.Smyrna. Th,-c
T~ettr.- :i( -hlwi *htA-P-A ehipelio -is still
swarming with pirates, which require the
convoy of the light cruisers of England,
France, and Austria,; to protect the c6m.-
merce of their respective flags, which, as
occasion .occur, is willingly extended to one
another." *- "


.0R N W O R ~ k . '
a,' The regular Packet Brig IFLORIDA,
. ^^> J. F. Phillips, master, is 'ow ready to
tload for the above port. For freight or
passage, having fine accommodations, apply tp
the captain on bo.'rd, or to"
-"" DbDGE, KOLB & McKAY,.-
oct516. P" : *40 water street.

B. ....J. FLV .
i "Apaoaciicala, Fla.
Will ractie- in the ugnor C urts of Ftrankli,
Calhnou,4Jackspo,- i, and L l ounties.
o c ti 2 4 c y : :: '

LU VERPOOL .... ................... Sept. 1.
NFW-YORK .... ................... Oct. 3.
4-wOR L A.NS ...................... Oct. 5.
C9 ARLES, TO .......... .. ............ Oct. 5.

From Havana via New Orleans, we. have
news to the 27th ult. Business remained in
the same inactive state mentioned in our last.
The prospect for the ensuing Sugar crops
were very flattering. Quotatias were 711 to,
81l2 rs., transactions limited.
'Old Coffee $9 a 10-none new in market.
Last sales of flour were at ,$17,50 per bbl.
Review of our Domestic HIarl.-cts.
Our commercial dates from N':->., York are to
the 2d inst. The sales of Cotton for. the three
days previous amo'mted to 1000 bales,-at 101 to
14k cis; of which were 100 Fltrida at 10J a 13.
"The. decline in Flour, noticed in our last still
continued, Common to good brands were setting
at $5,75 to $6,12 ; showing a reduction of 25 a
371 cts per bbl.
At Ballimore, 1st ins,., Howard, street Flour
was' selling at $5,37 per bbl trom stores. City
Mills Flour was quoted at 5,50.
_- ,a'ar pi itit7) -^ --- -^',. ...._. .., 8 J- 9. a -c~tsi 2V e'ha
Pork $17. per hbl ; Lardl 12 a 13 cts.
Whiskey was selling at 334 cts. in hhds; in
bbl's: 34 a 35. W*gon price 28.
At Charleston,- from the 1st to the -5th inst.,
the sadleof Cotton amounted to 1000 bales, at
from i01 to 13 6,s per lb, for replaced, and 30Wto
45 for Sea Island.
New Baltimore Flour was :.:-ll.iii at $7: to

Our Commercial dates from New Orleans are
to the 5th inst. ...
The sales of Cotton for the week amounted
to 3,3Vl, l-des, at prices from 8 to 13 c~s. pel bbl.
Sugar was quoted 5A. to 71 cis per lb; Molasses
at 28 a 30 per gal; very little demand.
Ver 1.ttle demarnd for Fiour, and prices tend-
ing downwards. Q-.itiii,:,i,...i' a,6,35. '
Whiskey quoted'al 48'a-50 cts per! gal; sales
At Cincinnati, 24th ult. Flour was dull at
$4,75. Whiskey,-common, 411. .

L.E THE fine fast sailing schooner OR-
_ LEANS, as she now lies.at the wharf.
Apply to
mayl 2 ROBERT MYFRS, Agent.,

jy3015cy 'Apalaehicbila .tas.:
Commerce, nar enire st.
jy9 12cy : Apalachicbla, FPa.

t.ra.A VESSEL of about W00 tons burthen
wanted to goto-Bosto.n; iqmmdiate dis-
patch will be given. Apply to.
augl 17 ELLIS & FOSTER.

No 44 "Water, cor. Chesgut street, :
je26 10cy Apalackicola....,

Ship IOLA, (new) P. W. Latham, master,.
Ship EMBLEM, (n~v) E. Talbot, do
Ship FLORiDIAN, (new) W Pratt, do
Ship MARY FRANCIS, J A Westervilt, da
Ship (new) W D Robinson, do
These vessels are of light draught of. water,
built expressly- for- the trade, of best materials,.
copper fastened and coppered,. with handsome
accommodations, and will -' 'il ,-:' i ly'as.ad'-
vertised. Wh'en Itie day ofsailing falls on Sun-
day, the ship wilt sai! on the M,.ni"\" following;
The price-of pasbac-e i, ;.6 1)ithout liquors. All
g ood s fo r w' ard ed to .. .. 'b ,. i hers in N eW Y o rk
will be shipped free of commission.
84 south st, New York.
sept94 I cy 46 watei st, Ap1alachicola.
: -.- IPACKETS. ...
C 0 )1'1 ER C I A L LINE.

Brig LEONORA, D. Sharpe, Master.
OPITLE.,T., M. S. Robinson, do.
Brig (new.) J. R. Bedell, -do.
Sehr. CAROLNE .- THORNE, Tyler, do.
2EOLUS, Jones,'Master.,
These vessels are. all of tire first class, light
drauight, and built expressly for the trade, and
Will sail regularly as advertised, have goo.d c-
ommodations for passengers, and are comman-
ded by skilful and experienced Captains. Ap-
ply to JNO. "Cr;DEN,
88 Wall street, New York.-
apr24 1 51 Water street, Apalachicola.
^Sy --_"--J n H E Steamer Cumi-
..f77-17-Ja mere, Capt. Ja oQ-
Y. Smith, has now com-
men(cd making her trips with the United States
."l,1i, Once a Week, from Chattahoochee to
this place. She will leave Chi -I ta 11:,":he 3 preIV
Saturday at 6 o'clock A M, .i rive n Al,..t!..
cola every Sund wva 8 P. M, !e:,,e Apal:.-hi,:.:,la
every Tuesday at 8 P'M, nd ,i i it- : '1,a C ,la-
hoocheeevery Thursdayby 6 A M F,.'r foii-iat.
or passage apply to', i-A ,,7 ` -1-int on 1c,,:','d, (,,r lto
A. T. BENNETT, 28iwater st.
je i25 I cy Apa lac,:1-,,,:,:,J .
N. B. In case of any ,ir-''. ro itr i ('",i-
merce, the, new'steamboart LOUISA will I.,:"
t, .?....,] i the ] ',-rvipe -'
ANDERSON, Attorneys at Law, will
prr ":r'.:, inI co-partnmeship in the-Superior Courts
of the 'Counties of'Jefferson, Leon, Gadsden,
Franklin, Calhoun, and Jackson, and in the
Court of Appeals at Trlkiilh',-,".I
Address of Thomas Baltzell, Apalachicola,
Address of Walker Anders6n, Tallahassee.
0 .s 1' 30,000 Florida do. : of'superior
quality, will be s(aid low for cash by "
mvl 2 43 water street.

: .2 PRIZES OP !:: ,,: ....

3 P R IZ E S O F .'.l : "

...... .L rwinton, ,/lMot
RfiPERiNCBS:' .. -.'. *'.t' ",*
Dodge,.Kolb & KcKay, Apaflchwicola. "-
,Center & Co., New York. I je5".7cy '

*; -"* : :':** -^:-,:.. ^ r.,u-o :r.? !: .i : ."- =. "
G aii." Rt Real Estate dnd Bank StocA

() Of Property situated in NeW Qrle~ils. ".:
. *,*.. ,'ch! and'm & '.3t 'Alag ,cv

" chfweeVer presented to the Public, ir.
this or ai' other cou tlri- ','-.-
, !; ,, -. ,'* *. ;*;; .. .. ..t :* *f .. *> '. -,, : ..*;i^ ,
TI(CKET.S $t20. ,V ,.$..

liilhori,: (.,if an .Act oif "0 61 gihslr;.t'C
A';i, inbly, o'Florida, a} tnd k direction.
(f 4h4 Corl .i $toi8101tmr,, acting, undr Ik e
-a mW e. 5' a r;'' *' ;': r *" I I: "' I I

:' T0,:be 'Drawn"

At Jacksonville,Fla.
'. }: c,;mba" 1st, 1839. "^


S YLVESTER. &, .O.', -
I 15W Br'catdtray,, New York, Sole Asit.'.

No ,.Conibluatioi Numbers. .

10Q(3QpTiclkets, from olUpwardls

The 2eedsp Of.h-Pro'eitl yandth( eSKoc'-,,
\ t: v h'iisf.red in trh'et to the-Commissioners -* >
"- (appoi"dtd by lhe sa m' Act ofthe LCgislnt- "i-
i :etn'r of Florida.l, for the security if (Y". Vq
SPri7.e-hohldeis. .

! :: i .
;1 Prlze--TH. An':iDE-.86 fret, 5 in,..hc.-, -
| -. .-'ine.'' oi M agazine.. tsi ,etl, 101 feel,l1!
". in,:.he..n 6nNatchez stret,; 126 feet, f 6
i rko.o p Giayie,' sit R .itud at.
i:.( out .a'7,OiO pqr apjitiuni.
, .. Vahited at 'b- 0 0Q.OOO
A' Prize--"CITY If --162 Feet on .'omrno'n
si nr-eel 146, 6 inches, on Camp street.
@ Rented at 5:'25,(.K)0.
... .alued.at 8500,00o.O
.|, Prize--DWELLING Ht, s.(adjoining the Ar- .
cade&-No. 16, 25 feet,.? inches fii't'
oh Natcheg stirec Reuted at .2(0)1
..... Valued at -- '0,00O

Wm; G*o PORTER, :'
'C C MM 1 S i 0" N M ER H A N T,
". v, AND WHO I BS.\t1 PE %LE IE -:;-R'- : -
myl 2 .-.41 water street, Apalachiiula.

C O M MJ^ .. 10 '? M ER C.?A NTS ,*'
AND 'W'OLrk.j P r. r,_.E< IN \
Dry Goods, Wareq. llats. Slioes; G& Groceries,
myl 2 43 water street, Apalaelicula...:

T O R E N T. ...
T HtnE well-known Sior6e opposite the market,
formerly occupied by Charles McKinny.
Apply to
jy2017 ELLIS & FOSTER.
'^ PATENT" Hoist Wheels of the most ap-
proved pattern',_ for sale by .
oc-15"26 40 water st.
PART of the Dwelling formerly-occupied
yby C. McKinny. Apply to
jy 17 : ELLIS & FOSTER,
001 OORS of various sizes and thickness 2 and
S-9 6 panneled. -
SASH ES (glazed) i..>..i;.r;,,. qf 12, 15 and 18
lights to the window, b- \,I 1. ii) by. l, .10 by 14,
10 by 16, 11 by 14, 11 by 17; also Counting room
Sash. "
B1IjNDS.of various dimensions-rolling and
stationary-for sale low for cash, by. -
'DOD(,.DiE, K-OLB & 1%'KAY1,
oct05 26 40 water st.
A THREE-STORY Brick Store in black
A D, on Front street. Enquirer of-
aug6 16tcN JOHN G, RUAN,
O 4^-BBLS. "`Eagle"'GIN, *
i l0'do. Monongahela WHISKEY, very-
'old and prime,
5 Half Pipes American Champagne BRANDY.
F or sale b y "
oct 1 )26 .. .. < 40 water street.

myl 2 .4 w.'r , Dr. T. o1.'.I'lTlOMPSON,
myl 3 N b.:3 Che;nsr st. Apalachic~ela.,

-'- -. *..... -* M ERCH ANTS, '" :
nmyl 2 -"" 99 water st. ApalaMrhi la.-,.-'.

Cotton Factors and Comniission Merchauts,
myl 2 51 Wa 'r str-ee-t, Apal a ..hicoIla.

apr2l- 1 cv 51 water- ". Ap iachicla.
npl-a. 1 ,'\ 46 \',at,:r r, Apalahi,.ola.
1-/if' -- 1 U-,, f f .1L Ml~l-[I -

NEw ORRLEAS-Per schr Mount Monah, 1500
sacks salt.
PENSACOLA-Per schr Experiment, j25 bbis
potatoes, and 1000 bud-les onions.
NEW YoR'-,_Per bri Florida, 685 plrgs mdze
to-Dodge, Kolb & M K .,y; 86 to W Bolton; 9 Lb
IIarper & Hol0neS; 142 to W G porter; 119 Lo E
Wood; 8"to W H May; 66 to 14 R Taylor & co;
24 to Ross & co; 244 to J F Farrior; 47 to N
Hawley & co; 10 to t nail, .1i A oo; 10 to Nourse
Brooks & co; 8 to Harrison & Rfney;. 3 to Ben-
ntett, Chitty & Grace; 10 to. J Shrodt; 147 to J
Day & co.*
KEY WEST-P.er sloop. Jun 4 casks winf-
50006 oranges.
Per brig Flohrida, Col J N Cummings, T
Halsey, S A Olds, S E nimons, Wm Bolton,
F- i3 W5.akfi&field^I__.Qiv_.Uii j .tn.htb e sleer-
age. '

'* ELLIS & U "FOSTER,,,.,,.,
O15i,:_- ufp *,r.i water street,
alr21 1 .c%- Apalnchi.gola.

TO PRINTERS.-The following reduced
prices will hereafter be charged for Print-
.. -7-ypes,: -purbaha _.'.at BRUCE Nej,Y_ o-k
Type Foundry, at No. 13 Chambers street, and
No. 3, City Hall Place::
Plea, 38 ets. per pound.
Small Pica, 40 do.
Long Primer, -12 d6.
Bourgeois, -- 16h do, -
Brevier, 54 do.
Minion, 66 do.
Nbnp:,reil, 84 do.
Agate, 108 do.
,Pearl, 140 do.'
Ornamental letter and other type in proportion.
These-'aie the prices.on a credit of six months,;
but we wish at this time to encourage short ere-
dit or cash purchases, and w0il] therefore make a
discount of five pei cent. far New'York accep-
tances ft ninety days, and ten per cent. forcash.
We have I ,-,- added to our former exten-
sive assortment, seventy-five different kinds and
sizes of ornamental letter, embracing Condensed,
Extra Condensed, Extended Outline, I Skeleton,
Ornamental, modern thin faced Black, &c.; 100
new Flowers, and a great variety of Ornaments,
formii,'J .lr.,...r the most extensive and el'6-
ga t;]"....":[i- ,-, Printing Types in the.United
States, and absolutely an unrivaled one.- '
We also fiirnish every article lihal i'% ii':sarT
in a Printing Office.'' .
Printers of. newspapers who .publish this ad-
vertisement three times before the first'of No-
vember, 1839, sendingusone of the [,nl..li.;.,n~
will receive payment when they purchase from-
the Foundry four jimes the amount of their bill.'
oct 2 41t GEORGE BRIUCE & CO.

1- 0,BERT ROBINSON is our duly au-
Et_/ thors'ed agent during our absence from
the Territory. 'GOLDSTEIN & CO.
Julvy24 Jv30 1-5 .

]: s

Prize-Dwellinz Houme (adjoining ihe Ar
cade) No 18-28 feet front on Natchi-
ez st reel. Rented at $1200.
*' '*:'' Vahled at ; 20,000

. ... CLEARED.
Schr Mount Moi-irh, Rogers, for New Orleans
-N Hawley Co.
Schr Clementina, Taylor, for St. Marks-
master: -
-. Schr Experiment, Kelly, for Pensacola mas-
Slhop Juno, Mott, for Tampa Bay-,master.
Brig Florida, Phillips, 12 days from New,
York, to. Dodge, Kolb &M'Kay.
Sloop Juno. Mott, from Key West., [Left'
there 30th ult. bound for T-impa. Bay wU a
cargo of wine, sug ;r and liuit,.Iand wai-blown
off during.the late gale; had to throw part oft';fe
eargo overboard tolightep.i the vessel; put in t,.
get water and provisions, having lived for three
or four days on,win-e'and-.ugar.]
Steamer Frances, Hansard, for Chattahoochee.

Brig Oalo, Pierce, for this port, cleared at
Boston 28th ult.
Brig Escambia, Dunham, for this port, was up
at New York 2d inst. '

.- CLIll,?cLr'>. Otfirr, October 1, 1839. \
The Liglht B,,at 'taii,:,r,,d at theeri,,r ,ne,.,fthe
Nunrh \.e-t paj.-ate, Ke-- West, wvill b- re-:
Moved 1'rora lier oorrig'for repairs, On the
1901 Oct. nexi; he will be repli<,ed at her sta-
tiou un or before the 25th inst. .
"*"~ ~ ~ ~ 0i n- n!/\>T/^V1- '

1 Prize-Dwelling house (adjoning the At-
": tcade) Nu 20-23 feet front on Nalcc-
ez60ueet. RePted at :T1,200. ,-
Valued a 0 20,000
1 Prize--Dwelling house, N, 243, North-ea:'i
corner of Basin and Cttstom-huii.-8
Ftreet-40 1t'.er front on Basin, and.I)
fee; on Franklin street by. 127 leci
deep in Cnitom-liotisestre.ci. Rented
at 1S8151- M)
Valted at 20,Q0
1 Prize-,Dwelling house, No 24 Sonr~h-wesr,
coirer of Batsin and Ctlstonr-house'
steet--3'2 feet 7 inches on Ba'sin 3 i
feet, 7 i-ches on Franklin, 1:27('ee:
]i)4 inches deep in frobt f Cn.-
house street. Rented at $150).
ya.l.ued at .0,000
I Prize-Dwelling house, No '2-29-34 -feet, E
inches on Roy'l slreel,.b, 127 fe.el, 1
inches deep, ReIted at 51000.'
'Valued-at .3- 1,,009

SCb'rner of Water and ,7'..s .....' .;reets'.
SThe Proprietor of this establishment is prepared.
to execute with neatness 'and despatch, and
on-reasonable terms, every description of.
& Such as Steamb-boat Bills qf the largest kiMr.d,
-Auction Bills, 7 .:'
'Show Bills,. :
Business Cards,
Visiting Cards,
.. Ball Tickets, -
Bills of Lading,-
Commercial and Law Blanks
... Dray Receipts 1"-." I..
j :Y All Job Work tobe paid for on delivery.
OULD inform their 1ratr.ons and all vi-
ita.nt- to this, ciy, lhha'Lhey are posses-
5ed of a varied a'Qortni.jTni .:,f 1nerch-,r, dize, con-
sltin; soruewN hat of ,he .I...ll,_,w ng ar, i>hle,, all
-of whiich aie offered for sride upon the ui\ual fa-
cilitie; of o.ur ,nark(er .
Dr-y Goo'.ls, Groceries,
Hardware andl utlery, "
-ll3s, Boots, Shoes, &C, .- -

T -HE UNDERSIGNED are prepared to
make I it-,i.tl,, advances on consignments of
COTTON, either for sale, or shipment. to their
friends in New York, Liverpool, or Havre.
mayl 2 51 Water street, A |,al.,.':hii:,_,la

arp-24 1 59 )W after street, Apala-.hi'cola

- 0 'Oi5,,No. 48 waier street, Up Staiis.
. ap'24 lut ... .
apr24 I1 -; Apalachicola.
O ,e up stairs, 28*Water -treel,
,apr24I-?y v Apalachicola.

Each Stockholder liable for twice tke1 amouwq i
his stock. ....
THE subscribers, Agents of the above' Com-
pany, wre taking Marine, River and Fire
Rliks on the most favorable terms.
mayl 2 Columbus Buildings.
THE subscribers will keep their store open
through the Su mmer, with a full ,'uppty:f
the above-goods, 'which will be ;uld low for
cash. N. HAWLEY & CO.
myl 5 2 24 waterstreet. .'
*. "* IOR ALE OR RENT," '".
,. THE house and lot in Coin ineei: st,
formerly occupied by us, ; The house
i, 31.1 by 60 feet, and two stories high;
= -_ near the office of the Apala,.li(Lila
Land Company, well situated for bin--n"..
myl 2 43-water ,Irei.

I Prize--5t shares Canal Bank stock, :.
$1t00each, .' %S pO-4"-.:
I Prirze-=201 lsa res Coimnmercialdo. .f?^^
lV0eaclh, : O820,60 :..
I Prize-150 shares; Mechanics' and T'rad "-
651l0h)each, "" ,0 ^
1 Prize-100 shai'es City Bank ; ^
$100each, 10."000t} ".

api'24 1 Apalachicola.

Otfie' up stairs, 19 waler street, I'
api,24 1 cy Apalachicola.

With a -!pply of the more substantial articles
of Bale Rope and Bagging..
.;'These anid other articles unneceisptry to spe-
ci.y, are o0ff:e,:ed upon equal, Qwiiglgi we ha, e nor
the vanity To *,say s..-/o,'terr>toour neighbors.
. Apalachicol., may 1 2 .ey

1 Prize-6-100 shares Ci tyBank
I100 eac ''
1 Prize--100 sharps ("-itrvR izlm

: )... ,0oo9

.~.. V r L'_,r.I A K BAR'r: IA t.--.i orT sale oy .
CIi ad Sup'i Lighig ; L ny29 6 NOURSE,- BROOKS & CO.

dr-a A rip -9:p IM AID 0-

rI.ANilL1!' SlUPER lP COUtrRT.
John Jenkin-;, Ciompl't. iv,". Peter Mitchel a- Ex-
' eettwr of Rv.,bei MItchel, Peter Mitchel, Berij.
.W. RuVeers. Tlis. 'e,'en lia, Lewis McLane,
J,:,~eph -M. WVhite. Chias."Atilg. Davis, andthe
-knj.mm-n heir', l6.' Elviva Mitchel, deseased,
Delemba~aus- '. ;
I T arpear-(t&itlh. ati-ti;in:.ti of the Coutt,.by
:J1_ atfidavit filed, that the above named Defend-
-an, are tioi: rcsidenis ofihe Territory of Florida.
Thi-?et;:,re it is ordered that they -everally appear
or, ul before ,he ritsi Monday of December next,
and aur-wer Hlie bill of comtplaipt fi-led herein, or
the same will be taken tor confessed ars against
tlit-i,, and Lhe matters and things therein:con-
lajned deeimed accbrdinrhv. And it is further
ordered that a copy of tins order be published in
a newspaper of the ciy-oT Apalachicola, once a
week tOi fiuI' inordh' suoiessielv.
'" .- 'Sblicito is.

The Beacon in front o:rf the LihI,-loiit ,:,f
of Chari-iton harbor, in,]w.alting he c,-.;,e ft'
41,c ..our-. a ]' t1l- ,h -, '-l )fl ? t L._1 -i n s h ? i h
will ,,, liziire on and. af r the ,.,I Nae,.br;
next. BY oder of th. Colie.:.'or.
Captain Revenie Citler-Dexier,
fu, charge ol' Btlovu an'jd Bea,.-n-;.
, ..O ct. 1r. 1 39..:' .., ^, ; .( : .

dulh aulhorised agent, diiin,' my :,b-ence
S--f-i 0he T e- ( Jy qP- P[ -RO);KPV
jel9) 9 '

Bj4OR sale .on consignment, .240 '*,uil-,1 Bas4e,
__R,,e._je01--7 ELLIS & FSTCER.
jf^ BOXES S-oap, V : ... ... ':
0 1I9 16casks P,-,rter. Als. !
Port W ine, !: [*
: ::- ,M ,, de ra V ine, : "
., J a m a i c a R ui n i ,' :--.
4 keg, ( Che ,'," B,:iiun c,
.Otard'and ('haip ,i-_rie Brandy., &c. 1.)r
sale on'good terms, by
,jel5l7 ELLIS & FOSTER.

'ilO0'each, .. "" 1 .00?
1 Prize.--0 shared Exchage Bah"B

I Prize-.50 hares.Ejchange Bank
i, ,: ,3000
I Pric-4.5 shares Gai'LighilR Bank "
'00 e'^; -* '" -' ' op,

I Prize-,!25 shares GaG Light Bank '- :"
'SlOOeach.,' 25Op -'
1 Prize-~15-."iav'iMe.,,'han's & Traders ..
SPlOO edach Ou,,00 .
; ." 1 _ ,. 3
I Prize-=15 shares M'leqha~s. & afjefs ...-.' A:-
'lt0 'each,. _:_,'_.. 1,500 T
20 Prizes-Each-W--,&bares of the, Lotuisiana ,.i
ta'e Sa', '$190 .each, -each ,pri2t,-

1.0 Prizes-- Each 2 shares of "$100 eac.h, -cael- .'
Prize $200 of the Gas Lighl Batk, .'*,
:, .=. ?;* .,..:, .. "2 ,O O -) .
,?00 Prizes--Each '1 shajr of 100,' Ot :frh
.Ban.k qf.Lo'uj'lai, 0,000 fa'
20Q. Prizes-,Each T -ha're of $100, of IkL .
V,- .'e,'"0leans Bank, 0i. 'O.
-1o JPrlzes-,-Reaelhi I share of $100 of the '
S,. Union Bank of Florida, 1,OOO -;
600 Prozes.-. : Total, 81,800,0'

Tickets 20-Mo-Shares.:
... ''-- .- .- ^ -. 7 ; '..
The wbule o(if Tiekels,.with'tneii-umbeis '
as also. those containingng the :Pr es Willbe"ex"
_,@Wned. and sealed mb- the Comiuissifnill -L-
pointed under ih Adt'previou.sly th-theT be h"
put into the.w.heets.' On'"wheet-\ll contain rt
.wholeoj'ffie.!umber, fbe'oihe:rEiili contain rh., '
-Eiix Himd1ed Prizes, aii tlte rili6(10 Numtrr -.
that shall )*-drakn 6ut, vw Ill,'"enntitled tq'..hw h
Prize os %nav bb drawn:ItQfoit number aidtie.-
lirLunatte hofflers-of Ecish Prizes vilI] oe-- "- ,r
property t'ansferrejo-.h iJj "h.m -,e .
a o'-t. nc .'."U ." ""M-Oed.4nd .. rW- -
: -'SYLVESTER' CO;. .... 7-

.- -.--' ."

IT H E .h-,',:.ibei- e, ai ,- 'a s fr the zale of
__ _G\!,r'- Fire Pr,:,,-,f D,,tlbie Iruni Che.-..
They have a .few on ,hand which they will sell
,at iinaI ,iiar,-tti'er' prices..
: mayl: ;"NOURSE, B-RQOKS kfcCO, i


F OR -,-eparatvlv or together Appl, a
*his, ut ,.e. ,,a\l 2


T.HE ;s,.,bse'ribetis will charg-e 2h per cent.
.I_" e nf,,d-sii. on, all cLEtm1,s lodzed in their
I,,nds, I1' .c,,!l,_?'::ion al',ej the 1st ,- ,,,I"X to i). ber
"iext. DQOQGE, KOLB & M. IAY,
eptl 10 4.0. Water -,t.


Of which $800,000 is paid in, and i,ife.'i'sd i q
:" Bank .Stucl's, and the balance in a cri,,,i: c
y r,"1'/I.yn/. 'le t i ..l n i s.i / tii tl$. ?-'"
|"0h Y (he a<.r .of Incorp.-l, ition. the pr...peirth of
P ea,:.t S,:,.:-kh,:,lde,' ik biniid, to the amn,_Ut
ofhis Stu pajmy, wh,!e -e is a Stockholder, and f:'ur s
months afterwa-rds s which-- makes the a,:t tl rt I r,?-
spon-_ibiliry, :f ihe Institation equal to T\VO IL-
Li O > ';s < D,:I.LLA S .
The prese;int ,mber of Siockhot'lder L%0wo
it'l d led.
-. E .,.'r../ h, .,r-:i *i /o Bye-Laws:.,
'" In -ettln loQe~, if" the r it of the asiu'ed
be -:lear, advaria.ze ~.i:all itut-be ialikm-n of any
m ere \i-h \ hal ,., .:.i," .
Iiinr'n,.-'e, 'a.-aint {tire, and on Mariue and
[ilan-t. Na.-iJ aii:,n, m'ay be efi'-i.td by applhca-
ti0n, pes,.,nilh','ovr b, letter, at the office, or o'
;.r|.\' nt' the i.,,,pa u '' .\,gent-. T he ,iot 0o' f
I,1 u,'rn.:-e w ill I., a- ty.:,t'+bl,: as tl,,jse o" other
':',.d Ofi.:es'. O-)n i:.k-t raken bv\ A ,en!, ,:-,.es
\.\ ill be paid, wl, :e h _e prie ei timii ai:. rpe,-i\ved .
T-HMAS S. METCALF, Pr',s'ce,,."
Wig. T. GOUtLD, fS'.'rehtry. "
. [.t reactors.
SAMUEL HALEk E D w-AR D T n o M % g, -
A;.i,.'r.\" SIBI.J, J, HN M. AD.%M, :
S.>r.^M.>'i S ., l( T, Hr H M. ,lR %V'- :
AP-DM J,-,HNI-"ON, WPl..P rtHBONE, :
A Aa TF .M'Sa io'LD, D.-VIL, L. titm>.
api-t 1 -J;"DAY : 'O .co '!'i';

THE Sub-cribers offer flor sale.oPifteen Lolt..
:i~n 'ihe ,ii3 ,_,f A' ,-,l. hi,:. :,-la. a f:,ilow s ":
Block1--C, second- range, Nos. 3 and 1.1
do 30, N os. 1 ,-2 an d 3 : -.: :"
do .33, Nos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 :'. :
: do P; Nos. 10 and 1 "1 -
do-H, Nos. 9 and 12 !: ; --:-- -.
The above Lu-r- aei advanfaq and .can be ",,:djllon a,.roiin l',i ir ,er''ri-!. Ap-
ply to : ELLIS & FOSTER.;
April 24i '; *_ ,

O NE hall of the interest of this paper will
he sold to a qu-ttined per.-n didspu,-,,d ,-, aid
in ,,,tcl i~in,..- i. T he propiieror t .; .if pimi,,n
thai it 'iJh be wade a pofitai ble inv'esinliih.
jy30 15 .

A copy.


"" Cjer~k.

T'HE Subscribers would ipform lus friends
a,",d the public in general;'.thati he ha.s coal-
menced t e bus.niess of7o'Collon Broker and Com-
mission .Merchant, in the City of New York,
and is nov prepared 1t, receive Cotton, and othori
produce intended tor thbi market, which he will
dJsp.:,se of on comnuission, and flatter, Iiroslt'
that frm- Ion a.quaintance in rhe Northern and
So.:uthern mat ket, he .-.iall _be enabled to give
s.atisfaeion to Stuch as.may.feel ditposed to-pat-*"
ronfie him, nor only in rh reafe ofi(heir produce,
but in the investment of any p art of ihe.5prq.
ceeds, they mayorde/or direct.
No. 60 Water-st,-e,;I V. .
R. W. Williams. Saml. Reid, 'o,. pr~nchh
.TalIa .Ia,?ee; Jac. Lanier &Co., QOuincv; J. B.,
Collins M,:onq-11. ;I; V.J...Bailey, M agnolia;.
%%. G Porrer, Apalachicola; Craig & Dafrim
St. Joseph. "
April :I,. 1939 "

C HAIRS-Dar,' lt,-_nzed,
Green do.,
-: : Red db -* =.
.*""'*. .. h,,,M-.:la le do *i" ,. '.
: :,:" DaiLr G ill, : '
:::,.. .' Y ellowr td,. :'* --"
.. ...-. ': R ose W .:....d, :'^ .
-* -" y ;" Ban,,,ts'r back, Ml aple,'
': ."' ;-C o. iillon do, .--' :':
\,; i Il 'or, -
"; P,,,,.,,, (lorg,. and sYall
1:% k 1'. ,-- 'l i-, .'.. also,
Cane and WVo,,ld b,,,),i) Sefee', forr.?le by
Soctl52 "-"40 whirer street.

T irlE Law Pt trer-hip lI L ,erw,-en WM P. DUVAL and rh-, H.,l.
RICHARD C-. ALLEN, Ir-, ben ,.Ir-lved by
the app,:,inrmt? turds r O!w. U ite,1 Sr.-i:. ,,1 thie
larrer, as a Judl.e? of the Superior C'vur.- Ibfr
Viol [dJI ,a,
ENBROUGH, re no\v aosiached as paruner,
in the pra,.-';,ie of Law. The liRst ,'e,{,lin'g :n,
Taltdhassee,' he:lauaer aw ilhe e it o' Atial:-,-hi-
e&ola. Win. P. Dmtval will atten 1'he cn,,rl el
Appeal. and HMe Silperior courts in Leon, Jeffer-
,on, Gadsd'?n, Fr~nklin, and C-alhoun .-',"iiF
Mc Brockenbr,:u.h will aend the c.r ofS- Ap-
li, il and the irtp,_eriw v -_',m rrs" of Jai(K--,n,
Franklin, Calh,-,,m ,-rid L,,f ,.n r-ontie-.
ApriT 24, 16'

-- ,W h,.,xe veiv -upeiior 4-fld, Ca.eudisfi
S^ For.b.:,,:,:), cirall ,bind Vllhatn's brand
is illtreed at manufacturer-' prices, by ;
".:\ .:-: (:- GOLDS FEIN & CO.
im yi 9 ('.:.h11Iuib BtiiP .h1 -

H A."".
*"^ff^"cRUNDLES$ prime E~astern Hay,
for sale by '
j13 7 .ELLIS & FOSTER'.

' EnBH E LS Co&1O1. by r
j),19_"yl17 EU L'IS & FOSTER.

N 3 T ICE.
X =anths after date I shall apply to the
ks Honorable- the Judge of the County Court
of Fraakln.eounti to be released from the.Ex-
ecutorship of0.the Ltate of Elizur Lathrop de-
ceased. .D..GOLDSTEIN.
A. .Il0 iS9, apt241

1 00 SACKS Liverpool ground, for sale
mayl 2 40 water street.
5' CASES"Vassorted PICKLES, half gall
'$a s; 3 ** : ..
25 Kegs Pickles,
10 Cases Mushroom Catsup,
10 do. Tomato do.
'5 do. Fresh-Sardines,
Just received, and for sale low for cash, by
apr24 1 6 51 Water street, Apalachicola.

O nEV~iN *Tvvm~a.E J, SOUTHEa RVIEw."


f^ i~fjkcoils of Bale Rope, a very superior
280^article, will be sold low to close
sales, by GOLDSTEIN & CO.
mayl 2 Columbus Buildings.
1O 4 COILS Kentucky Bale Rope, lor
It 00 sale by
apr24 1 40 water st.


viaO amend an ordinance entitled: _.,"'An ordi-
A nance Es!,? .I', hi,- 1 one 7r1, u,1ti'/I, a Pvb-
lic Marketi Iii i ,,y-. J A /l,. j- c1 I!
.ui,, 1v7, 1838. .- ,
Sec* 1. Be it ordained 64 the Mavora tod. Co
rIi,7el/ of the 1it1 of A",",lo chitcoln in 'Cotri!
convened,-That aPulblic. M.ilkel, floir, s- le of-
Beef, Pork, Mimon, and orhel nesl]i meats-;
FishV hl, Bitict either a'1 id.:l--, ,:,l Fic-h, Pro i the same hereby-is', esrbli hed in-Market Place-
at the Market House, and it slall no! be lawfu-l
to.offer for sale any article "fres), piov'iicn in
any other place e iiDin the limits of' he aid ciiv.
See.2-. And. be it fntther ordained, Tht -rv)
person ieftusig to .submit to, or otherwise vio-
latinm tlie proviions :d ibil's ordimanee, sl,all on
cronviction befi:le ,he Mayor, c. ainy one -0 thre
7T'Ptrp-TyC-.Trac, b. fnedin a'Mini not ex-
ceedin twenty dollars,,(or each and evei),oflence.
Se,.- 3. Anrd be it further oldined, "That the
-M.iikei may be opened every day in the werk- at
sun-rise, .-nd it shall be dcled'at 9 o'clock, A
M., ,nd ,iny be re-oprened at 4 o'elnek-' P.M'.
every day excep, Sbboth, and clo-ed again at
sunset, and all articles sold or vnsold, shall be
removed from .the Market at the time-fixed for
closing the same.
Sec. 4. And be.- it further ordained, That the
bell belon-ingto the- ci6y shel1 be hung up at'nhe
Maorket- House anit-shall be the duivof the
Marshan' oI ij"h' the. same ct the o!eiiing and
glosfpg of rketl, "
!'Sec. 5. Andbe it further ordained, That it
,hall not -be lawful for any person to bring to or
offer for sde ailryunwholsome article of provi-
sions, any putrtI'ving o-- unsound flesh or fish;
and Sw X o rn*aej -** -.- ^

_~ ~

---~~ ~U L~~

TO regulate the licensing of Drays, and the
rates of drayage, in the city of Apalachi-
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Councilmen of the city of Apalachicola in coun-
cil convened, That after the passage of this or-
dinance, no person or persons shall be allowed
to keep for use any dray or cart, within the ju-
risdiction of this Qorporation, or use, or allow
the same to be used, without having first obtain-
ed a license therefore, from the clerk af the city,
under a penalty not exceeding ten dollars, at the
direction of the Mayor, for each and: every day
such dray or cart is used, without such license,
upon conviction before the Moyor, one half to
be paid to the prosecutor, and one half for the
use of the-city. '
Sec. 2. And be it further ordained :by the au-
thority aforesaid, that it shall be the duty of the
Clerk, on application of any respectable person,
and after the payment of eleven dollars, (ten
dollars for the use of the city, and one dollar for
drawing said licence) to issue a license to said
applicant for one horse and dray, or cart, for the
term of orre year, and on no condition shall a li-
cense be issued for a longer or shorter term, nei-
ther shall said license be transferrable or used
any other person or persons than the one in-
whose name it shall have been issued, under a
penalty of not exceeding twenty dollars, at the
discretion of the Mayor, to be collected and ap-
plied as provided for in sec. 1 of this ordinance.
Sec. 3. And be it further ordained by the au-
thority aforesaid, that the clerk of the city shall
record and insert in all licenses issued, the num-
ber thereof, and it shall not be. lawful to use or
allow to be used, any lioensed dray or cart, with-
out first having the number of said -license pain-
ted in a clear and distinct, with black numbers,
on a white ground on the outside of each shaft- of
such dray or cart, under a penalty of not excee-
ding ten dollars, at the discretion of the Mayor,
and forfeiture of license, to be collected and ap-
plied as provided for in see. 1 of this ordinance.
1st. From and to any part of Commerce or
Water streets, the snm nf twenty fiirp nPnt- ,__
2n. From Water street to rnypart of the city
not extending beyond Broad .street, the sum of
thirty-seven and a half cents.
3d. From Water street to any part of the city
beyond Broad street, the sum of fifty cents.
Sec. 5. And be it further ordained-by the au-
thority aforesaid, that of any person driving a
horse and dray or cart, shall charge, or attempt
to exact more than the rates laid down in see. 4
of this ordinance, the owner, or owners thereof
shall be fined in a sun not exceeding ten dol-
lars, at the discretion of the mayor, with forfei-
ture of license, to be collected and applied as l- r.:'-
vided for in sec. 1 of this ordinance.-
Sec. 6. And be it further ordained, that all or-
dinances conflicting with the provisions of this
ordinance be, and the same are hereby repealed.
D. B. WOOD, Mayor pro. tern.

AN assortment of STONE WARE, consist-
ing of Jugs, Pitchers, -Water Tanks, &c.
on consignment, and for sale by
mayl 2 40 water street.


ARS.-Remaining on hand, and to be sold
low to close Lhe consignment, a small quan-
tiLy of well made Oars, by
apr24 1 NOURSE, BROOKS & CO.

N proposing to establish, in the city of NEw
ORLEANS, a new paper under the above title,
we ate encouraged by the glowing and magnifi-
cent prospects which seem to. hover around this
mighty Emporium of the West, pointing its des-
tinies to a summit of commercial grandeur, to
which no other city in the world can ever expect
to reach. Nor are these prospects confined alone
to New Orleans. When we take into view the
numerous, widespread, and extended arms of the
noble Mississippi, winding themselves through
an extent of country so immensely vast; embra-
cing the most fertile and productive region per-
haps in the known world; with a climate and
scenery as delightful as nature could form them;
and a population of hardy, industrious freemen,
increasing with every hour of the day, we do
not hesitate in declaring our opinion, that the
West is destined, at an early day, to be one of the
finest, the noblest sections of country on the face
of the globe ;, and that New Orleans, as a com-
mercial city, may, at no very distant period,
claim the proud appellation of Mistress of the
World. "
With such a field, then, as is spread before us,
we cannot but feel conscious of our -success in
the important labors which we are about to un-
dertake. Located, as we shall be, at the general
centre of the almost entire commercial business
of the Great West," and designing that our pa-
per shall embrace all intelligence of importance,
of the United States and of Foreign Govern-
ments, it will be found especially interesting and
useful to every class of.our fellow citizens thro'-
out the Western country.
The Great Western" will be devoted mainly
to Commerce, will support the interests of Agri-
culture, and will take its political position and
plant its standard upon the broad parapet of De-
mocracy; it will also extend its notice to the in-
terests o f Mechanics, and to City News, &c.
Commerce-The larger portion of this paper
will be strictly commercial. All intelligence of
importance of this character, both domestic and
foreign, will be summed up at as early a moment
as possible, so as to afford our mercantile patrons
every description of news which they can desire,
under this head.
Agriculture--While every other. branch of
industry in the United States is receiving fresh
and encouraging impulses for perseverance, this,
most important of all, seems to flag behind the
general march of improvement and prosperity;
and, instead of being placed at.the head ot our
general national policy, and receiving that fos-
tering care and protection to which it is so pre-
eminently entitled, is left to grope- its way, .sim-
ply by dint of that perseverance and unwearied
industry so characteristic of our hardy country-
It will be our .especial care to sustain the inte-
rests of this class of ourfellow citizens.
Politics-This department of our paper is one
in which every class of our citizens is interested.
Under this head we shall give the general polit-
ical intelligence of the whole country ; while we,
as the conductors of a public journal, are deter-
mined, without fear, favor, or affection, to sup-
port, with all our zeal, such measures of policy
as alone will tend, in our.opinion,,to the promo-
tion of our general prosperity as a peop-e, the
perpetuarton of our liberties, and our beloved
U n ion : .. -.. *;
This paper, therefore,.will be purely Demo-
cratic in its principles; having for its object the
diffusion of equal rights, equal' blessings, and
equal burthlens;, thereby promoting the general
happiness of the people; and to this end will all
our energies be directed.
. With.: regard to the great questions of policy
which are now agitating the people of the Unit-
ed States, respecting the currency, we unhesita
tingly declare our entire preference of the Inde-
pendent Treasury Sysrem, from our belief of its
strict constitutionalityfaand, in its tendency, better
calculated to. promote the general prosperity of
all-classes, than any other which, in pur view,
can be conceived.
We are strict constructionists of the Federal
Constitution, and shall always oppose those
splendid schemes, or American Systems' of mo-
nopoly, which have ever chacterised the policy
of the Federal opposition, recognizing no implied
interpretations of that instrument, and believing
that the.' GBNERAL WEMLFARE' of every por-
tion of our wide-spread confederacy, depends on
a strict adherence to its plain and straightforward
meaning, we shall not be sparing in our exposi-
tions and denunciations of thosa daring attempts
which have and are now being made by the
reckless, and aspiring leaders of the Federal Par-
ty, to rend asunder this glorious Charter of our
rights and ,iberties, and rear upon its ruins a
splendid aristocracy of wealth and powor.
Earnestly advocating, therefore, as we-shall
always do, these great and lttn ..arni,.n-l princi-
ples of our government, whichwvere conceived
by a virtuous and patriotic ancestry-,while strug-
.gling for :the' rights anid liberties 0f mankind, wTe
shall, in all cases, give our support, for public of-
rices, to such menx as we are assured shall have
the patriotism, talents, firmness and dispositiorrto,
sustain and carries out those principles s access-
fully., With all our zeal and ability, therefore,
we shall adv,:.e-aie the re-election of Martin Van
Buren, for the next Pr~esidential term, with the
fullest confidence in his exalted talents, integrity
and patriotism, convinced that uipon bis success'
depends in a very great measure, the firm and
lasting establishment of those glorious principles
of "our r~eovlution, so admirably acted upon by
-Washington, "Jefferson, Madison, and Jackson.
And for tne second office in the gift of the Ame-
rican pe ople_, we shall-as cot dialIv glve our sup-
port to .the Hon. John Forsyth, now: Secretary of.
State. *
Irn announcing our preference of these talent-
ed, patriotic, long-triecf and approved statesmen,
for the -highest office es in the go verument, we~feel
a glowing confidence in the almost unanimous
approval of our fellow citizens of'the West, with
'staneardt :hnus!i 1i r !ised prondIs gunfurlieng to~d the

u a l s : ; ': : '"

Mechanics-Under this head that large and re-
spectable portion of our fellow citizens, am-long
.whoni we have the honor of classing ourselves,
"Shall hav'e a hearirz. We invite them to the use
of our- columnf.. Their ri-ht hlidintere-trziim
'be sustained.
Domestic and _orcirn JutInligencc--Under
these different head; will be boiudall iml-.ortant
general iiflelligenc-,_ b.h at home and abroad. :
City -vics-This head will embrace all mat-
ters an,] occurrences ofmiterest, of every charac-
ter, relating to or transpiring within 1h1.? city.
WVe shall reserve a large porti,,n of our paper
for Advertisinz Patrons, both of the civy an.]
country; and as we anntiip-ate a nutnerous sub-
scription list and a wide-qpread circulation, it
will be 1o the interest of advertisers to appear in'
our columns.
It i coenempltie,1 for this paper to b; publiih-
ed daily, srini-wre'lu and irvtelu, on the following
". TT "E R I .S : =-
Fior. thbi da ily papor -,'I2 per aninum.,
sem 'i-weeklv paper : 8 1 14'
weekly 5
Subscriptionss to be paid, in all cases, in-all-
vance, or 4satisfhctory city refernij,c', iven, athe
guarantee of the Poimnaster, at the ofice to
which the paper is ordered, for its payment.
Adivrtbsem,:)nts will be insetted, conipicuosl,)Y,
at the usual city raies. Those sent froom a dis-
tance mi,,tb,- paid ftor in advance, or satisfacto-
ry city reference iiven.
City ubscribers will leave their orders at the
Post Office, with the name of the street an,1 nuim-
.ber of their residence; and those at a distance
will direct theirs to the Editor-, post paid, at New
All letters on btnsineess connected with the pa-
pers, must bepaifH, or they will in no instance be
-taken froi ,lhe office.
The publication of this paper will be commen-
eed some tnme in the month of October next-if
there is a sufficient number of subtCrib,.rs at that
time to j.uiifv it. (.Our friends Iherf,.,ore will
ple3se end in their names and subscription
listsz in limp.ne
?1 Edii'w.>s il-ronihoiiot the United Stater, are
reiriecrfuillv requested to "ive this prozpectriis a
few insertions. EDWARD DELONY.

, ** .* : : -- : *; *- P R O 0 *'" .* : ; ... :' *" -' ... '
AMorbid Secretions of the LliER and STOMACH,
"' .. ... A L SO A ..., -.. .



As a Cathartic in FEVERS4aild ala. BILIOUS AFFECTIONS. ,' "
THESE popular Pills being a combination of'a newly discovered Alkalinesubstancel.
-xtracted from the TOAIATO PLANT, with other vegetable Zubstances which
-lave been found to modify and diffuse its effectt, are believed t~q, be- the best Alterative :-
ind Cathartic Medicine ever discovered. They have been abundantly and success- _
fully tried, and have received universal approbation for Scrofula; Dy/spepsia, Jaundice,.',
Bilious Diseases, Gravel, Rheuimnatism, Coughs, Colds, f!,fluenz a, Catarrh, NAervous ...
Diseases, Acid Stomachs, Glandular Swellings of all 'kinds, Costircness, colic,
H headache, & c. : : :. : ', ,:,
They are an antidote to Contagious and Epidemic diseases prevent the formation of,
Bilious and Liver affections, Fever and Ague, &c., in those who reside in hot climate
and tow and marshy countries, and are the best;Cathartic that-can be used for those local-- :
ities. Seamen will find them an infallible remedy fbr the S-CURVY ; and Travellers, the
best medicine they can use to counteract the dangers of exposure in un-healihy cli- '
mates. For ordinary 1,7M.I ,Y PHYSIC, they are universally approved, .as4the bestf`
ever offered. : : .. ..
As a DIETETIC or DINNER Pill, one taken half an hour a'Pter diner. WilT .
sufficiently stimulate the digestive powers of the stomach to a healthy and invigorated "'"
action, and they are found extremely serviceable for those- ho indulge'in long dinners.
or late suppers, or immoderately in desserts or fruit. ."' ..;
The peculiar virtues of the Tomato Plant, have for a long tlme attracted the atten-
tion o.f the Medical profession and the Public; and a lively interest has recently been
directed to the future development, of its active powers,.and its Anlibibi,tis and Alter-
ative qualities ;-which the Proprietor is nowhappy in being -able to gratify-and pre-
sents his Pills to the Public, with the full confidence of their being the mnost safc, had
valtib',le rt ,'w.dy ( t '.%r 7,;--adapted to all caseswhere 'Valture is disturbed,
anda whleIi a w. --Z, n\Ti4,7TtfTt u-,, IU pfrrol IhtI l f NUI (Tir.(L oR H.LAt.TtHV "AC'T[ON.
Numcrouii c'-erlirfi,:-1ate of cure, from in thoe who have taken hlieni, an-E tlie testimony
of several Physicians, who have prescribed them, all concur to corroborate thi-s opin-
ion.-The rapidly inreasirrg demand forand the universal approbation be-,towed upon-
them, is an additional evidence of their merits and usefulness. .. J
In presenting this article to the blir, the proprietor was influeinediw by the hope,'P
that a, medicine prepared 'with mu,:h care, and strict. regarid- to tlie Chemical =
and Therapeutic properties of its several ingredients, should take the place oT the '*
thousand and one irresponsible nostrums of the:0ay,;with which the country*is delu-gd :
-and from the favor'already bestowed upon it by plicians and others, he feels I
justified-in expecting this result. ". .:.*;
11f For a full account of iliiy initrit:ing disrovcrv, testimonials, mode of operations, &c. sea'
pamphlets, which may be had grais uf all who sell ihee Pills. .
None are genuine without the written signature of G, R. PAtELPS, M.'D., sole proprietor,
Hartford, Conn. : :..': : j I; ;
Orders for these Pills directed to the Proprietor, Hartford, ,Connecticul, (poist paid,) or to c
HOADLEY, PHELPS, & Co., Wholesale Druggists, i42 Wakr-stren, NNt-Vors, (o'n-,ral
forwarding agents,) will be promptly attended to. ..," .
Sold by authorized Agents in most of the cities and towns in the United States. .
I N. B. As another and a very different article, has r,.,riahl been advertised under the head of
Womato Pzlls, the public will see the necessity of being, particular to inquirefor "PHFLPS,-
COmpound Tomato Pills." Price 371 and 75 cents per box. '"- ,
SE R T I V I C A T E :S ,, : :: .
.' }-!-'* : *.'H ARTFORD, J lV l, l?3S. '
This may certify, that I have been forthe last 18 n+ponths.in a very:fl-ele state oaf h-I lth,_
with loss ofappetite, palpitation of the heart, alhnoi consfcnt sii nkill" of the 'rinch. \'oniinii '
and head-ache; and to all this was added, frequent and ieveie .xi. of I (,, ; had,
consulted--Several physicians, and taken their remedies, (antd among mother 1,irin-,. 1 ,1equentlv
large quanties of cah,,, 1,) but without much relief. I had trtied-numerous other -,,,ii u!L i icne-
dies which are recommeYnded for such complaints, (as Brandreth's Pill-, &-c ) anI varicus
things which my friends advised, but still without any relief. \A friend ,ot iiiiie'le_(Alirfiitlde,
Dr. Phelps' Tomato.Pills, which I tried, and to the astonishment of in,-,:,lt'alld f'ri(nd.,rj,,d ..di..
ed almost immediate relief, and-one box has completely relieved me ot ', 11 (hose ,rl,'r ,. and
I am now able to attend to my daily labor and business." Duti g th.e tie 1 l<'T iii,-.
Pills, I voided large quantities of worms, from which I have .utlr-_.red in.m(:,of (he litte foi yorars
!but have not been troubled.with them since. My dan_'htr, who has b.- 1I-.li h a {,- 1 n at-
flieted with a violent cough, pain in the side, r.,ilpial,.,ii of, the 1,,r with d.. -.,.' .Lli-, ,.
loss of appetite and strength, &c. has also been very much~benefitted by li n-, of,,n- c.- ie :
Pills. They are the only medicine which has given her any relief, ,".lhi,:,uh she has. iak,-n J}.. i'
prescriptions of several physicians, and various other medicines,- d i I in, the last i\- ix "ona I
SJ:-: .. .. (signed) : D.ARLING.. i -
CICKONE FALLc, 0(.2d 1838,
DoCT. G. R. PHELrs--Dear Sir: Having heard much said of late in favor ofey',,ui' "*Co, '
pound Tomato Pills," I have been induced to give-them a trial in a val4e)\, c.f)ii.-:as<- fory
which they are recommended, and which have occurred in my pra.clice, "nd "I rnwrt -av th,'t l
am better pleased with them than with any-medicine I have ever used, I haIve ,i\ven "lther, .-"
a Cathartic, in the Bilious affections which usually prevail at this sea,,-,, of the Near, and n "
as an alternative in Liver and other Glandular c.Lot,,tion, andi. ,hin'k ility lvave'donP einre in
bringing about regular and healthy secretions, than any medicine withfl, ut'hi I ,m l-cuainwd.
_ I..haveJon_beli~ex d the Tomato to pozsess D.-.b-l'tni fi .-nd Ari-Bilinls i ore'Ti,,, a ar,n,
diment-and in its use as a medicine 't findie- h.? ,- b7 ,-.-rT-ll;,-e lo bli-'hed t"-ii( lo "
sess powerful Diuretic properties also,- as I prescribe -lthein in rvc c-._o of/i, ,) I .. -_ -<,..
them a very severe one,) with decided good effects in bo'h-the urinary di..iliarze- were in-
creased from half a pint to two gallons, within the first fi.rtN,-c;glt hour'safter Iccpmmenrd
using the Pills, and the patient is now in comfortable health. C- I- 1"'. -
I have now but two boxes of Pills on hand, and shall be lost whenoi cev-ar, c.n as I use
them in almost all cases where I want a cathartic. Re',c." t filly y3nur:, ::'
For sale wholesale and retail by B. S.* HAWLEY, 27 Water street, A r-,,'iiub.' ..


T HE Subscriber has been induced, through
the solicitations of several of his friends, to
issue proposals for publishing a paper under the
above title, to be devoted to Literature-Morality
-the Arts and Sciences-Internal Improvements
and the diffusion of Political, Commercial, and
Agricultural Intelligence.
The Sentinel" will be attachedto no religious
sect or political party, but wfMl zealously advocate
such measures of general and local improve-
ments, as involve the interests of the people at
large. He wishesit distinctly understood, that
whilst he. will sedulously avoid all participation
in party strife, his columns will be open to candid
and respectful discussion.
The claims of a flourishing and valuable, com-
munity, have caused the subscriber to resume,
thus soon, the Editorial Chair," and encounter
again the lights end shadows" of an Editor's
life; but he will enter upon .his duties, under the
pleasing hope and belief, that no angry political
discussion will ever form any part of his labor, or
mar the serenity of his existence. He believes
that a journal, kept aloof from political war and
contention, devoted to the cause of Literature and
Morality, and the dissemination of general intel-
ligence, will meet with cordial support; and he
pledges himself to spare no pains to make it wor-
thy of public favor. -y
The Sentinel" will be published on a large
and fair sheet, with new type, weekly, on such
day as may comport best with the convenience of
his patrons-at four dollars a year in advance, or
five dollars at the end of the year.n -
Advertisements will be inserted on the usual
The first number will be issued about the 1st of
November; and Post Masters and others, who re-
ceive this prospeeths, will oblige the subscriber,
by using their exertions in obtaining names, and
forwarding them, by the 20th October next, to him
at Quincy, Florida. ,
In conclusion, he would say to all his old
friends-subscribe to The Sentinel," and re-
ceive our thanks. J. KNOWLES.

T HE Subscriber, in proposing the re-estab-
lishment of the Southern Review, deems
It unnecessary to refer to the history of thatwork,
which is already in'the possession of the public,
or to dwell on the high estimation in which it
was held both at home and abroad, during the
period of its continuance. Suffice it to say, that
its career, though brief, was, as all admit, bril-
liant-creditable to the South and to the whole
American Union. Its failure-the subject of
universal regret, 'was owing, it is well known,
riot to a restitution of talent and public spirit,
but arose, 1stfroM its limited circulation, which
was by no mans adequate to sustain a work of
such magnitude, and'aid, from the political dif-
ferences ,which. agitated the country about the
time of its discontinuance, dividing the' friends
of Southern Literature into two great parties,
and preventing that harmony, of 'opinion and co-
operation in the discussion of leading questions
Vhich is desirable in'a work professedly devoted
*3to.the cause of the South and the whole South.
It is prper to consider, first, the utility of
Reviews regarded as organs- of the literary
spirit and opinions of the age, and secondly,
the importance and necessity of establishing
such a work at the South, at the'.present time.
On the first poinit, it is scarcely necessary to say
much, in the present advanced stage of periodi-
cal literature. Ably conducted Reviews are the
offspring of a high state of civilization and are
the best evidence now-a-days that can be fur-
nished of intellectual advancemfent and the prev-
lence of a; pure and elevated philosophy. The
last half'eentury has produced few authors of
eminence either in Great Britain or in Ame-
rica, in comparison with the half century that
preceded it, and the reason probably is,-not that
there has been a want of genius, talent and schol-
arship in this confessedly intellectual age, but
simply because distinguislhed scholars have found
a readier and- a- better organ 'through which to
act directly on- the public mind in Reviews, than
through the. medium of books-the old, more
tedious and more expensive method. If, there-
fore, it be asked, what evidence is or can be fur-
nished of the superior intelligence and progress
of the present"century,-a'progr'ess of which we
are so apt to boast,-the reply is, that it is to be
found in the high character of the Quarterly
Reviews abroad and at home. If it be affirmed,
that we have no native literature in this country,
and therefore .nomaterials to furnish the ground
work for. Reviews, the answer.,is, that ourRe-
views constitute our native literature, and that if
learning and scholarship are sought for' they are
-to be found in our Reviews, which therefore
should be warmly-and firmly -supported, as an
evidence; andafouroe, of our literary preten-
z;;. sions and our national character. Besides, no
one cause, -it may be saflely affirmed, `has:con-
tribute so much to elicit, talent, toa vaken lit-
erary ambitions, and to produce the highest.order
of fine and powerful writing, as the establish-
ment of ReViews,.: and rmeany individuals have
been stimulated to extraordinary efforts, and been
subsequently known far and wide to fame, in-
consequence of the Opportunities they have en-
joyed and improvedi.of contributing successfully
to works Pf so influential and highly respectable
a character-individuals, who, otherwise, in all
probability, would never have been tempted to
test their strength on the literary arena with such
competitors as they would be'likely to meet there.
,"'The great aim of Reviews is, to discuss sub-
jects learnedly, thoroughly, profoundly-in such
a manner as to beat- upbn ihe wholesocial system,
and 'produce .a broad,. deep and permanent im-
pression upon the general character of a pe,'ple.
In ofte word, their object is to diffuse knowledge,
not to foster prejudices-to create, direct and con-
trol-not to echo opinions-.-t! produce beneficial
chTags upon a large scale-not to perpetuate, or
6ven. tolerate existing abuses. It. is obvious,,
t* herefore, that while, in the infancy 0f Amnerican
literature, a spirit of indulgence has been felt
and extended to the faults of'our lItghter periodi-
cals, which are rapidly issued from the press, and&
which have served as vehicles often for the at-
tempts of the mere literary debutant, Quarterly
Reviews, having higher aims to accomplish, and
intefiding to represent and embody, in the-most
pwerful and attractive form, the'opinions only
9f, the most enlightened minid, should be con-
ducted with a scrupulous regard to the purest
prmneiple.; of taste, and to the elevation and, ad-
.vancement of our literary and national charac-,
ter. ; -i-' *
* ". establi.hj"ng such a work at the .South at the pre-
sent time, there can be little doubt in the minds
of our discerning and public spirited citizens.
We must have such' a Work, or fall behind the
Spirit of the age, which is of a pre-eminently in-
quisitive and enterprising character, and the
^Soujh should have such a work, not only from
-: iotives of litcrary pride and emulate ion, in order
to keep pace with the respectable advances of the
(Aher wide, intelligent, and thriving sections of
\! ....the American republic, but also because the
uth has, at the present period especially, certain
great and leading interests of its own 10 promote,
which can be most effectually subserved througli
the~nstrumaeutahti of snch ". a periodi.cal. It
=,4s not necessary to raise .the war e rgiagainst
;Other portions of the Union who may reel dis-
Sposed, as they Often do, to differ fromu us i t their
views of our agricultural, commercial and po-
:. liticai interests, bnt it is important, highly so), that
-wre should take our southern position drinhil in
__ the present attitude of our national an~airs; ,'h'at
0our position should be cleail v knu\ n anl unider-
stood, both at home and abroad ; thai we should
b -' ready to defend ourselves antd our in-._itutionS
fro, all covert or open assaults'; fh~t \we..should
mantiiain the pjmet lee of the Federal Consiu
Stl'-j in its orismial intention, with a firrm and un-
"flinchiig spirit, and promote tbe eanse of a pure
and elevated literature by all rthe inducements
that can be held out to stimulate the ambition and
pride of an intelligent and chivalric people.
Propositions hav e been fi'eqhently made hiere-
tofore fo~r the revival of the Southern Review,
::which unfortunately have not b,;;?n crownedt with

the success that was hn ed or anticipated for
them. Di terent causes have bten aseizned for
:,: the fhilurc of these projects, but the leading one
G* undoubtedly is, the neglecftinig to avail ourselves
.' t a very favorable state of the public feeling by
.folibwing up well dige-4ed plans with vizorots
and concerted action. We ha. sit still-folded
.o.r hands and closed our eves, and then have
-complained oJ" universal apathy. It is believed
tfhat at the-present moment, a very denp, general
-and earnest desire pervades the Soithern com-
tmiftv, or at any rate, the most inhnen'tial por-
tionof it, to re-establish and place on aperma-
nant foundation, a Quarterly Review of the
hig_.hest order. It the subscrib-r can erlist this
feeling in hi3 behalf, he will have reason toan-
'ticipate the most flattering suecess-otherwise, he
*nffw-s-that his efforts wilf be vain.
'...pjs proposfrl Kaat each number of the con-
'.Mlated-yo*)Abanl conta in at least hvo h,,nd red
,.66d fifty o6 Hpages of ori. inal matter, printed
.-n the bestTi,-e. of the American pres. 'Twen-
ty-five htutdred or three thousand subscribers at'
five dollars annually,, the money being paid,
would yield an amount sutfficien- to establish the
-work, and afford a hand otnie ,emunerfition to
writers for literary labor. A..vroni appeal is
rna.de to thre public spirited ci,--ns of the S.iutlh
,-'an. atso of the West and Sorh-west, already
iuniferMo ufsby stronrn ties in a commercial ar,'
t illgricn ural point of view--L b.?half of thi pro:
S. 5'P.d'vork. DANIIEL K. WHITAKnIR.
S'I[}...I-i -o,.-.r.. a < AX :i, ol i.i n

AV f O rnTVA"%Tv.iP-

TO regulate the storage of gun powder in the
city of Apalachicola.
Sec. 1. Be it ordained, by the Mayor and
Councilmen of the city of Apalachicola in coun-
cil convened, That from and after the passage
of this ordinance, it shall not be lawful for
any person or persons, to keep in any store,
warehouse, dwelling or outhouse, nor on any
private lot, public street or square, within the
jurisdiction of this corporation, [except in the
powder house] at any onie time any quantity of
gun powder -exceeding twenty-five pounds' and
which shall .be in two or more tin or other can-
nisters, separate and apart from each other.
Sec. 2* And be it further ordained, That it
shall not be lawful for any vessel, barque or
water craft 'of any other description whatever,
with gun powder on board, to lay along side of
any wharf within the jurisdiction of this corpo-
ration, any length of time exceeding twelve
hour, prs,.\id .,l always that such vessel, barque
or water craft, of any description, shall be en-
titled to the same privilege as is allowed to stores,
warehouses, &c. as in section 1st of this ordi-
Sec. 3. And be it further ordained by the au-
thority aforesaid, That all gun powder [except
such quantity as is provided for in sec. 1, of this
ordinance] shall be taken or sent to the owner or
consignee thereof, to the powder house in-this
See. 4. And be it further ordained, That it
shall be the duty of the city marshal to keep the
keys of the said powder house, to personally
take charge, safely store and again deliver by
order from.the owner or consignee, all powder
-sent to said powder house under the provisions
of this ordinance.
Sec. 5. And be it further ordained, That for
each and every keg, package or packages, of pow-
der sent to the powder house, it shall and may be
lawful to chargeqthe sum of one cent per pound up-
on each and every pound received at, stored in, and
delivered from said powder house, to be collected
by the aforesaid city marshal, one half for the
benefit of the marshal and one half for the use
of the city.
Sec. 6. And be it further ordained, That it
shall be the duty of the city marshal to keep a
record of all powder stored, and if the same
shall not have been claimed previous to the ex-
piration of twelve months from the time stored,
.wi may and is hereby authorised to sell the same
at public outcry after having given ten days
previous notice.
Sec. 7. And be it further ordained, That any
person or persons refusing submission to, or
otherwise violating any provision of this ordi-
nance, shall on conviction before the mayor be:
fiii.:',l in a 4ran not I,?t, than one hundred dollars,
nor exceeding two hundred dollars ibr ear h and
every oVV e-nce'; one half to be paid to _he pr,-,,-
cutorand one nalf to the city 'treasurer fr ihe
use of the city.
Sec. 8. Antd be it further ordained., Thatt rll
ordinances conflicting with the proeyi-,,n -I'f ihi.i
ordinance be and the same are hereby t' repealed.
.Passed Feb. 4. D. B. -VOOD,
R. C KERR, Clerk. Mayor pro tern.

A semi-monthly journal, devoted to Polite Liter-
ature, Music, &c., embellished with splendid
Engravings, and enveloped in Printed Covers:
Published by WILLIAM T. TnoMPSON.
The success which has attended the above
publ ikat ion, and the very liberal patronage which
has been extended to the first volume, has induced
the publisher to make every effort in his power
to render the work still more worthy the patron-
age of a southern public. With this view, ar-
rangements have been made, by which he has
s,:.-.it Ied the assistance of a numerous list of cor-
r:e.p. d,' rv, with whose co-operation he hopes
to be able to render the second volume almost
entirely original in its contents, as well as soutlh-
ern in character., While he would avoid making
prornzses whie' tunight lack tke ability to per-
form, yet his confiderce in his present resources,
enables him to assure those who have encouraged
him by their patronage in the infancy of his un-
dertaking, that if they have been satisfied with
the past, they will not fail to be pleased with the
second volume of the Mirror.
The second volume, which will be published
on the llth May, will be considerably improved
in arrangement and typographical appearance,
and will be printed on paper of an excellent and
uniform quality, though no material change will
be made in the plan of the work.
The ensuing volume will be enveloped in
neatly printed covers, and will be embellished
quarterly,-with splendid qagrto lythogpaphic
views of southern scenery, buildings, &c.
TERMs.-The Mirror is printed in royal quarto
form, on good paper and on fair type, and is is-
sued every other Saturday evening, at $3 in "-
vance, or $4 at the end of the vear. Each vol-
ume contains 26 numbers or 208 royal quarto
pages, including 26 favorite pieces of Music, ar-
ranged either for the pianoforte or guitar; com-
prising, in all, more reading matter than is con-
tained in 2,000 duodecimo pages.
To Clubs.-For a current Ten Dollar bill, en-
closed to the editor, post paid, four copies of the
,-Mirror will be sent.
.: A, liberal per centage allowed to agents.

O ensm e the security and tranquility of the
inhabitants, and the safety of property in
the city of Apalachicola.
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Councilmen of the city of Apalachicola, in coun-
cil convened, that from and after the passing of
this ordinance, the Marshall of the city is au-
thorized, and shall make a list or ro14 of all free
white male inhabitants, between the ages of 18
and 50 years, residing within the corporate lim-
its of the city.
Sec. 2. And be it further ordained, that the
persons whose names shall be enrolled as afore-
said, shall be divided into divisions of five, in
the manner in which the marshal shall consider
most advisable for the public good, each of which
shall be subject to perform patrol duty, by night,
regularly and successively in their turn. Pro-
vided always, that any person so liable to per-
form patrol duty, may employ a.' a substitute,
any person who has theAualifi'eatiohis necessary
for the performance of this duty.
See. 3. And be it further ordained, that it shall
be the duty of the marshal to appoint adiscreet
person from among the number of. each patrol,
to be their commander, who shall have authori-
ty to direct their proceedings, and command good
order during their term, of service; and every
such cominitdiier is hereby empowered and re-
quired, on every default, misbehaviour or -neg-
lect ofdwty~of an'N patrol man, to report theisame
to the Mayor, who shall inflict a fine upon such
offender of not les; than five, nor more than
twenty dollars, with cost, which finoe -hall be
collecte-1 b, the Marshal and paid',:, er to the
.T treasurer :. ,"
S"See-. 4. And be it further ordained, Tha'teve-
patrol 1iall, on its ni.,],t of, duty -meet at the
rin.,in? of the C11), bell, at 9" 'fo',lc and-shall
patil the streets so loin? as its peomncnrlr *all
'-em nece. sar'y, and sh-all be a ith,.izoo:,l .11, go
into, and examine, all-kitcher.s an l aftes
within the 0irisdiction of ihis corporation, usui-
ally oYiedby ]l:sr*l*,or persons of color, at
such lim i an ,el as .:ii' a- the iii f th,-ir dis-
creiioni, shall see fit, aiirl may and sha'l', arir-t
all s~lavL%, or penryoj- of colnr whom the%, shall
meet in the stree% kitchen 'or onthotuses. (ex-
cept their own places of lodzitinr) wuithont a writ-
ten pass from lhe owner, ."oiardian or e:tmployer,
of such person or persons- and ;aid patrol shall
be farther aulhorize.-I to correct ever, si,-_!,
slavve or f,71- person of color, who shall b,?-ar-
rested, by whipping with a switch or raw hide,
not exeeedinz twenty lashes. "
See. 5. And be it turther ordained, that it shall
be the dulv of sai,! patrol, and the,, are hereby
authorized to arrest, and /properly confine, all
disorde,'hy, riotous or dt,,nken wh:lite' persons-,
whom they' may mee) t hi!,- in the disehar'ze of
their dutie, -who May'or on the suor.eedin, day to be dealt with
a cc ,o:rd in _? to l--w .' -. *: -.
gec. 6. A,,i bllhi it. further or,]ainc..d, that all.
,_rdinan,:?,:.,ijnflict ing with dte provisions of this
or~tinar<:,, be. r,,,d tih same are hereby repealed.
Pass, dYt .") Is-nny ' .. ..( HITTENDEN M/:,,-,

C "4TOM has established the practice' of
rendering a'programme of principles, pro-
fessions and terms, on the part of those who
would essay to cater for the public appetite in
the way of news, and who would seek the gui-
dance of public opinion through the medium
of the press, as preliminary to their debut befored-
such public. -Nor should such a course be,
deemed arrogant or obtrusive, but on the con-
trary, proper and .,ppo-ile, and in every sense
due to the public wish and discretion.,., E
The rapid advancement of :hep p'resen t ,,re, .in
all that belongs to political economy, the refine,
ment of literature, and the science of morals,
whilst it furnishes a powerful and pla'easin stint-
ulant to mental enterprise, at ih e a;ine time ad-
monishes both writer and reader, of the high
importance of being" well prepared like to m 4-
all aiitn ie ive, those 're-a pt ii pr
st-qain [he fiee in-iiiui,-ns of' ou couniti, and
10 tread lihArlN, upon the shared mnotnds of" lier-
anire, les tilhe ),-bu;kinz pilrii of s-orne deparieed
scholar, 4houht1 blast our vatuhun- aijbiiion,"
an.t put o shamrne oul i'mnolauce.
Ulpon he conuhuczor of a press in Florida,
there would -eem to devolve a iwo-fold recpon-
-ibiliiy. The Territotv is young in age and ex.
perience, and rapidly seirlein- %ith a diveisLfied
pq)ulation, whole education and manners have
been casi in a variety of uoulds, so that, whitst
oiie portion of the co'mmnnil,, may require .the
gentle fo,-d which nourishes youtlh and iae,*p-'
rieice; the other, from their intelligence and
wisdom, will demand the substaniials of research
and reflection.
It will then be the purpose of the ,Star" to
labor for the general diffusionr of knowledge,-s
under the ino'[o of wvisdomi which i';p h;LreP

T O amend an ordinance entitled An ordi-
nance rel-ulatin-the fees, &c. of Haibor-
M aster." .." "
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and Co-,un-
cilmen of the city of Apalachicola, That fiora
and after the passage of this ordinance the fol-
lowing fees shall be allowed to the Ha rbor master
.of the port of Apalachicola, to wit:
_For each and every arrival of a ship. ba e-.
nfig;-caooner or sloop over 200 o, bn urtmen,
one and a. half cents per ton--under :200 tons
b irthen, two cents per ton.,
For each and every, arrival of a steamboat,
one dollar and fifty cents.
I For each and every arrival of a barge, cot-
ton box, flat or raft, one dollar. : ;- b.
For each and every vessel employed in light-
ering in said harbor, per month, two dollars.
Sec. '. And be it further ordained, That ves-
selk loading at the wharives, by order from the
harbor master shall give place to a vessel to dis-
c h a r g e ... I .. .. ... -
Sec. 3. And be. it further ordained, That alk
vessels, within the jurisdiction of this corpora-
tion) 0,9all c.:."k-bill.their lower' yards, rig in
theirjib-b-,',:,in-, and have their an,:'hor, in board,
*l.1 1, ing at the wharves. .. *: -.,,
Sec. 4,. And be t f4urih,er resolved 'That-all
vessels,-steamboats, &c. not a,.-roa{v engaged in
reciwin' or d-lisha:,ns cargo, shall given op-
porl ur, iy[ to otherb-r to discharge or take inecargo.
Anil bi.. An b iher resolve Thai all
vessel Ivin7 at anchor wirhin the In!,i.dition'of
this corporation shall b underthe controland
'subject-to ihe ins'uc1tion;, of the harbor master.
See- t,. And be it further resolved, That if
any c,-,,ri-ihi'nder of a ve-el, steamboat, barge or
lait, violate any of tlhe forezoins re,_ulations.- r.
maybe punished by a fine not exceedin; filtv
dollars, for each an ever offence, one half fo'r
the Use of the city, and the other half for the use
of the complainant; and the marshal is hereby
.empowered to collect such fine, etfthebv levy on
property, or thronuh any justice of the peace in
this cit,.
Sec. And be it further resolvec'fa-.-hat all
ordinanees, or pars otf-ordinanes confltctih'.,ith
the proisins of this ordinance, be and they are
thereby repealed. Passed Jan. -R, 1839.
S. i. L S. CHITTENDEN, Mavor.
R. C(...ErP, Clerk. -

Fin I f n0r ro'follnu,- i ,,i,,i-; -.......--

-TdipreiT, aa whic, was ufreid by' IThe great fined on conviction b,.fore the Mavoro-nmembers
lather of his Country: and assuming this bro.d of Coucil not to exceed trentydollars for
and unexceptuonable ground, its course in poli- and ever vofle-ct -"
ties, will be directed by -principl-free from Sec. 6. And be it further ordained, Th"It'le.
party bias, and as a natural consequence strictly Mayor be atlihorised to rcnt'or6 on -It^s
independent. i i he market house at pUblic ouicry (n the Ist
The near approximation of the Territory to ol' Noveruber of every y'ea',--orf ssoon t lere--
her appropriate place amraigast the'Siates of'the afier as 11e public convenience may require for
Union, elicits deep and universal interest in her the term of one yea r
welfaree and 6. throwing upon the suraef See. 7. Anti he it further ordained Thai it
po pu l-r' ex c ilem en l, a vast va i'ie"' o f con gidt hig lea w i of Raid s alls o' .-ta 'll :
principles, which must tultimately setfle down have no riaht to releaz r -r H eoutthe a o
in to b r o a d a n d d ii t i n t l in e s o f p a l ,y p o l i t ic s .. a n pa r h r e f-0o tl a e, .
In 'the p resent' po ,sture of afla irs, the conduct ro S e. 8 A nd be it ( rth. r ....i c person.
of the "tar will deeim it prudent, to await the stalffor par.tliereof in gaid' market hcu..e lmead
issue, to which allusion has just been made, ere, or hired out b. n, pe-rson-or-ersons-. a
'he mark- oin distinctly his politehil coilrse.! the authorised before named,shrill befor^0fe^it-d ,o
m e ntinne, advocatin7 and siv, lainin the w el -+he-. e. of -the -Cl4p < .- 'ir -" -
elnblihed and whWolesome institutions of the Se,- 9 Arid be'ft further ordin-ed, .
crnnin' and strivin, to ghive tch direction-to stall-or a-- eri..... a ,"'na tmn
1o the p,,p0 t leill., asbesi to promote and uphold ing vacated before the expation of"-the lezse,
t'he Republican principles of' the crinfederney. th ari. i.. byathaSal.Y f-t e Mim b
Ili acknowledgement of a sound princip -ad- aain rented or,-leased out for the-balan- '-t-
variced bv one whose wisdom was at least guided term ace-othe
b' inspiration; to wit, Ihe very idea-of the S e. 10. And be. it firl-er-ordain, Tl -. th" -
power and the right of the people toeutablish.J la-r of Ihe said .ta,.s S,,-..he' ..t^
Svcinment, presutpposes the duly of every in- gopod order,. and. clear o l filt h P e -ed n
(AVidual to obey the -esblished 'governmiew" ter of'any hfnd whatei I ,. orIdec F tto
;.nd viev, wing our general government as pecu- produce an urlleasant nftii,.hop .-e a-"i
liarly te pareati protector of this infant ing ,o do wf we, requited h;. the -eily ishall,
Territory, the present administration will be sup- shall be fined in a..urm nt excee" ..l'
ported in- the leading features of its general lars for each -,nd every-one. .
policy, while ever that police squares its designs See 11. And he it further orda ed, Thar 'it
-and action" by ,he Constitution of the. Cou tr-y s]ii be th e dtfty oer hird, T "Tit
The col-umns of the "S~ar" will conio'a v'"^'ed',oihciymrhU The oluns l th S~r illcontl, in an ihe market duyin",- market "-hours" and enl' ,-ie
appropriate quanlum of literary and mi ellan- 'obedience to the -roles orsd vd il&tfond of the
eO .s m atter m .qr w l the Poets Cort,ei" be m atkert 4ndhtu b ring ret e l viio n e of
nezlectePd ,,U teti~ W .e, bein g, nor only a t om ro- I .. : m b 1 ni_ befo r e e M ayor c .nse of
n e V.arJ9,f every free "overunmen'. b6ut fct,)mingr t m, -m' .o ',n l any pe on or t, ej-sns
,on c i_,nosl _be auttuif l .superslrttetures. Btr-, refusm b d'-n e'^ the above pre.cribed regu-
tho,,gh Scjere andLiternmre may embellish ,l .e o Thaa-
the Corin'thin "Capira, a ud 'omnerce a'n1d the See. 12. And bMf finther ordained, Tha 2ll
Arts p'e fCh iri t litiien' spire, y't Arrieulnure .ordim;nnce' -conr-ciin? wi t, iherprovicions_ of',his
lies 41 -the fo,)nd-,iin of thaiJ olhn- on which cordinante be. and the same re hereby repeated
-cne et i .tv b tt: and xtewpd in ihi.; interesrin- Passed L281h January, IS9.' -' "

150 K PIECES Kentucky Bagging, and
150 150 Coils Bale Rope,
Just received from New Orleans, for sale on
accommodating terms, by
myl 2 43 water street.

/ -R; HELPS' **---.
;- O M P O U N D ^"' ;**: ... : r ^... '"" ,'' .' ..'