xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla dl
!-- Apalachicola courier ( Newspaper ) --
METS:mets OBJID UF00048584_00002
xmlns:METS http:www.loc.govMETS
xmlns:mods http:www.loc.govmodsv3
xmlns:xlink http:www.w3.org1999xlink
xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance
xmlns:sobekcm http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm
METS:name UF,University of Florida
PreQC Application, 3.4.8
METS:note Updated pubdate from serial hierarchy
METS:dmdSec DMD1
mods:genre authority marcgt newspaper
sobekcm newspaper
mods:identifier type ALEPH 001960058
OCLC 02713250
LCCN sn 83016266
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 24, 1839)-
displayLabel Cf. Gregory, W. Amer. newspapers, 1937. Ceased in Jan. 1840?
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher Joseph Croskey
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc 1839-
point start 1839
end 1840
mods:dateCreated May 8, 1839
mods:frequency Semiweekly during the winter (weekly during the summer)[ FORMER ]
marcfrequency semiweekly
normalized irregular
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00048584_00002
mods:recordCreationDate 770201
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (ALEPH)001960058
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg DLC
mods:relatedItem original
mods:extent v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1839
mods:number 1839
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Apalachicola (Fla.)
Frankiln County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Franklin
mods:city Apalachicola
mods:nonSort The
mods:title Apalachicola courier
alternative Other title
mods:typeOfResource text
sobekcm:Aggregation FDNL1
sobekcm:MainThumbnail 00004thm.jpg
sobekcm:Wordmark UFPKY
sobekcm:BibID UF00048584
sobekcm:VID 00002
sobekcm:Point latitude 29.725278 longitude -84.9925 label Place of Publication
sobekcm:EncodingLevel #
sobekcm:Name Joseph Croskey
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Apalachicola [Fla.]
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1839 1839
2 5 May
3 8 8
File Technical Details
sobekcm:File fileid JPEG1 width 630 height 899
JPEG2 905
JPEG3 886
JP21 5552 7920 servicecopy UFDCUF\08\08\05\44\0000200001.jp2
JP22 5504 7904 UFDCUF\08\08\05\44\0000200002.jp2
JP23 5528 7773 UFDCUF\08\08\05\44\0000200003.jp2
JP24 5481 7875 UFDCUF\08\08\05\44\0000200004.jp2
METS:fileGrp USE reference
METS:file GROUPID G1 imagejpeg CHECKSUM b3e5e7e66eb46aaa2ef7ce5678ebd115 CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 423590
G2 34e1bc81c62596ecc5aea7045c89ca11 421250
G3 baae34e2c31aabd31e2cad99dad0596b 407143
G4 a54651e3ece74fe30b33a13ccd7b07f5 437629
imagejp2 0190a478a89b1c5f71990e60bb33ffc5 5496585
1b3119fc1de312dd324dd1f98d4c0bb9 5438050
d80c515eed999b2f7296e94d1be7eea2 5371254
43594b875656face5167f5cf588e4b62 5395442
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
PDIV1 Chapter
PAGE1 Page
METS:behaviorSec VIEWS Options available to the user for viewing this item
METS:behavior VIEW1 STRUCTID Default View
METS:mechanism Viewer zoomable JPEG2000s Procedure xlink:type simple xlink:title JP2_Viewer()
VIEW2 Alternate
JPEGs JPEG_Viewer()
INTERFACES Banners webskins which resource can appear under
INT1 Interface
UFDC UFDC_Interface_Loader
FDNL FDNL_Interface_Loader

The Apalachicola courier
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00048584/00002
 Material Information
Title: The Apalachicola courier
Alternate Title: Courier
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 56 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Croskey
Place of Publication: Apalachicola Fla.
Creation Date: May 8, 1839
Publication Date: 1839-
Frequency: semiweekly during the winter (weekly during the summer)[ former ]
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Apalachicola (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Frankiln County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 24, 1839)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in Jan. 1840?
General Note: "Independent."
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001960058
oclc - 02713250
notis - AKD6690
lccn - sn 83016266
System ID: UF00048584:00002

Full Text

- ~---~.- -- ---- i-- ---- --------- --

- V. ~- "-r---__~___~~l..s~ II-


, a He then bent his forehead upon his hands,
ner. as if in deep thought; 'twas his last me-
al- ment of solitary reflection; the soldiers
pre- presented arms-poor Burford cast a glance
red upwards to his God, and while he was in
and this attitude the command was given, the
ap- volley was discharged, and the ill-fated man
ore fell-a corpse. From this day to thatof his
pli-" death, Captain Howard- wore a-li-ce of
vas crape around his arm."
Wte Letter from a gentleman at tke West to kis friend
in Boston.
his DEAR Sin :-You ask me for information
ks, concerning the Mormon Irouble in Missouri.
ike. In giving it, I shall be compelled to state
ny particulars, that will stagger your belief;
al. and I shall be betrayed into a warmth of
ed, expression, which may be construed into
t." the signs of partizan bitterness, but which
he will be in truth only the language of honest
re- indignation. The series of wrongs and
.- outrages perpetrated on the Mormons, and
or. the closing acts of injustice, by which these
e; wrongs apd outrages were suffered to eas-
his cape, not only unpunished but triumph-ant,
from the elements of a PERSEcUTIom, which
is- in vain Iseeks a parallel in the history of
by our country. For examples of similar out-
his rages on the rights of justice and humanity,
ne I am compelled to resort to barbarous na-
1 ; tions and dark ages, which alone furnish
1is precedents to excuse the conduct of the
ou people of Missouri.
w The Mormons, I need not say, are a weak
nt and credulous people, whose chief fault is
of the misfortune of having become the dupes
I of a villainous imposter. They have an 4
ed excess of that, as to which the world at t
er large is exceedingly deficient, i. e. Fair f
's They have been mLsled; rnad they are to be (
ed pitied. But I have yet to learn that their
he faith taught them immorality. I have yet t
ng to learn that it encouraged disobedience to b
Dk the laws or encrtachment on the rights of c
t: any fellow-cilizens. a
n The Mormons wore in truth a moral, b
y orderly, and sober population. They were c
I industrious farmers, and ingenious mechan- t
; ics. They were busy about their own af- 1
d fairs, and never intermeddled in the con- c
w cerns of their neighbors. They were ex- 14
ut ceedingly peaceable and averse to strife, c
n quarrels and violence. They had establish- s
is ed schools, they encouraged education ; and P
kt they all had the rudiments of learning i]
e taught nnder our school system at ihe East a
is They had began to open fine farqi, and put o
e their lands in a high state of improvement, c
d Many of them were surrounded by numer- k
i- ous comforts, and some with even the ele- c
n ganeies of life. U
In all thee respects their condition Pre- .
h seated a broad contrast to that of their t
,h neighbors. Of these neighbors, many had C
A been there for years-much longer in fact bl
n than the Morrqons--and had made few ad- u
- vances upon the Indians they had displaced. el
, Mud hovels-a truck patch"-hunting and a
5t buckskin breeches were their highest aspira- tb
- tions. Letters they despised as much as
' they did the conveniences or comforts of al
e life. Bold, ,violent, unscrupulous grasping th
n -hating all who differed from, much more el
d who excelled them in the art-of living, the w
- relations between them and the Mormons Of
- may readily be inferred, by any man who in
- has read a single chapter in the history of ti
e human strife. es
e The Anii-Mormons(for I must distinguish
- this horde of demi-savges) are exceedingly pe
e intolerant- They are refuse Kentuckians th
n and Tennesseans, intermixed with Virgin- gi
e ians of the same caste, in whom the vice of en
sectional pride. which marks these people, Pe
and a prejudice against all others, especially in
those belonging to the free states, wbom w
they indisocriminately brand as Yankees-

is exaggerated to the highest pitclL Such vn
persons, if they could do it, would |ncorpo- a
rate in the constitution of Miaaouri, a pro- re
vision to prohibit the emigrating thither of de
any body not belonging to their own kith ex
and kin." They have also personal pride all
to an excess, which leads then% however, --
not to emulate a rival's exertions, but to lDi
envy hi success an~d hate his person. They
have, moreover, a grasping disposition, bo
which stimulatesH thema to acquire, bat not th<
industry and enterprise enough to lead them wi
to acquire honestly. They prefer plunder of
to fair means, if they can only conceal the Lu
knowledge of their foul play ; because r- rot
pine gratifies their propensities to force, In- mc
dolence and acquisition. They are bold, '
crafty, and when inspired by revenge, crier- Mec
getic and persevering beyond almost any br<
other race of men. To use the language in
of phrenology, had they well-devekoped and a c
well-trained organs of veneration, eot=-d- lh
entiousnca and benevolence, they would the
form one of the noblest races on record, *JN

As it is, the only people to which you cam tahi
with any fitness compare them, in our Amo- 1
rican Indians They have all the vices of nth
those tribe--caught, I doubt not ia eone- MMw
quince of tbiei bawlf so IBg JS oootact wa
with them--md have boid" a scope ad rap
energy of "utalecc which in those tribes it v
are w ling-. "*y Tare, conseqently, rep
much more dcamrous andt formidable to a- exe
pe!ocblc orderly and indumtrioum ooso- the
nity, ...
Such ris a r, unrarsihad, dmcrptiof h*
the popke witb whom the Mosm M were *m
brought ia contact in MlmourL The wort frt
error, committed by the otherwise ounnia Kim
9mith sd his e oadlw%, wm that of tmam- ma
planting his Nolowen to sBo& a Mil, A raw-
phc, rather tbfld, and Tom-m petopl, i: cu
feiah asthe MortNm diibv theout-akirt bani
MisMomrms In, mwmmem, mtead s m Wand
awod o( fe, jugt mr v to m in imOw m
wow* pMom0( of the Itoet -led old 1O
the prompect o( on uW 2oQK* me- bei
plitty and violmom Old
r* If Jmuk s bmf~tv hm big^ "sA

Wff^K ^^^i" Wif.yt| 04% "a^ ^

was haggard, his hair dishevelled, and his
shirt was open at his throat ; so that I could
plainly see that he had not slept since I left
him. The wildness of his look I attributed
to the wine, which had not left his wits so-
"I IMike,' said he, as he lifted his trem-
bling hand, and passed it across his fore-
head, thou wast present last night: he hath
dishonored me!' Not to my mind, Bur-
ford,' returned I, in a mild tone; 'what is
done at night, over wine, is forgotten at the
morning meal.' I never can forget it,' he
answered bitterly. 'But thou wilt forget
it when thou hast slept.' 'Then may I ne-
ver sleep !' replied he, in a vehement tone:
wilt thou take that to him 7' As he ques-
tioned me, he handed me a letter; but as
he gave it, his hand shook, and his voice
quivered, like the broken tones of a harp-
string struck by an abrupt blast. I took the
letter from him, and read the superscrip-
tion. It was directed to Captain Howard.
'What does this mean, my good friend V'
said I. 'Can'st thou not guess? Dost
thou think that I would send thee with a
flag of truceT' He now put his hand on
my shoulder, and gazed eagerly in my face;
while I turned the letteroover and over, to
consider what I should do with it. Take
it! take it!' he said earnestly, grasping me,
at the same time, more rigidly. I marked
his agitation, and replied, 'Think well of it:
thou art not yet thoroughly sobered ; thy
whole body utembles; get .but an hour's
sleep.' 'Nay,' said lie, as he darted from
me to a side-board, and taking a decanterof t
brandy, lie quaffed the spirit greedily, 'I (
will sober myself thus! See, I do not trem- a
ble now !' and he held out his hand steadi- 5
ly, to give me the proof of it. 'Art thou t
resolved to send this?' said I. 'Ask me is
not! take it!' 1 shook my head, and, with- e
out saying another word, I dropped it into j
the fire. He stepped forward to seize it, .
but he was too late: it was already in t
flames. 'And you, too, insult me!' lie cried, t
as he fixed his iron griap upon my arm;-_
while his veins swelled, and his eyesalmost f
started from his head with convulsive ago- b
ny. God -forbid!' replied I, desirous of b
soothing his spirit. 'False! false! you all tl
despise me! you conjure against me, all of t
you! but I will be revenged !' He flung k
me from him, aMd made his escape by the 1
door. Poor Burford my heart beat for c
thee then, and my pulse quickens now every c
time I think of thee! But discipline must t
be enforced, even at the expense of thy life, C
erring man!" v
The Major's voice became plaintive, and C
a little touched with regret, as he uttered st
thissontiment. Dick Careless thought that d
at this moment it would not have cost the m
Major much to have sacrificed his principles %v
of military discipline; for the tide of hu- st
man kindness swelled strong in him, and n
went very nigh to break down all the facti- Il
Lious barriers of duty. He took his segar, a
and lighted it at the candle; and when the et
flame beamed upon his eye, it glistened in
more than was usual to it. tl
"When Burford" (said the Major, re- tl
:ommcncing) '-found that I would not de- 'I
iver the challenge for him, he applied to ot
another officer, who, careless of the conse- tl
quences, carried it to the captain. Twas a H
foolish thing! The Lieutenant could not er
have considered the danger in which he vw
placed himself. But the man was insen- tit
ate: Howard, it would appear, took no w
ioticc of the note, which served to provoke Iih
ihe Lieutenant still more. tie wrote to his de
ntagonist again ; and in the second chal- al
;nge used very violent language, threaten- th
ng him with an exposure of his conduct if on
c did not fight the durel. The Captan con- au
uilted with a brother officer; and it was re-
oived, in order to stop the violence of the w(
lieutenant, that the Colonel of the regiment all
should be informed of it, Howard sought fe
nly to protect himself from the necessity cr
f fighting with a moan who wa~s beneath br
im in rank, and whose character, it was wi
enerally known, lhe despised; and did not re
ream of the consequences to be produced m
y the stop. Thec Colonel wasan strict din- !o1
plinarian, and immediately ordered a th
)urt-inartial. ll was then only that the m,
vo parties became fully conscious of the ed
rleet likely to be produced by their con- an
uct. The Captain was not lew affl~cted wi
>an the more blameabie Burford. lie be- ne
*ught rthe Colonel to annul the proceed- Ai
gs; and begged, that as he himself hadl Lc
rgiven him, thec laws might forgive him tn
so. To be in any way instru mental to- e&
ards the death of a fellow-creature, woun- lr<
id Isis heart ; again and again he besought ag:
e Colonel, who was, however, resolute, Tl
id fixed to the line of his duty. Finding ue
applications in this quarter made in vain, bu
Determined to go al once to the Corn- tlh(

ander-in-chief, and plead for the life of the wce
fortunate Burford. am
"With feelings harrassed between hopes wa
ad fears, the generous Captain sought the to
uarters of the Commander-in-chief. The blo
aracter of this General was not unknown sho
the army ; and when I heard of the Cap aga
an's expedition, I had my doubts of the arc
wcew of it, Look you, my friends," said hes
e Major, addressing us, while, by way of third
amplification of what he was about to say, led
closed his At, and shot hisar-29orward, it,"
rou could as soon change 1licumrso of a ly I
anon-ball as bend the Curnnfander-in, his
lef from the right path, The converw- crit
n that occurred on this occasion I never H
ard; but I happened to be walking to- ten
lads the General's quarters on that day, 'Ai
.d mot Captain Howard returaing from Th(
ra, His "ep was hurried, and his head pre
e beat upon his chest4 Well, Howard,' hav
Id 4 'is poor Burfor lPardoned 7 The the
pain gazed into my face for a moment, jeat
en r~ied his band with the p"lm before wit
y eye, tura*d mwmy hi head, oAd bw* k
to tam I nma eemurad my- kfw arboa
kip t"i quesuaai bt I OWd 40 awoe, AIre,



COM Of tr ta ourier,
? PUIBLICATION.,-The Courier will, 1
published twice a week during the winter, an
;: oae-a.;awek during the suiminer.
4 .-.BSCRIPTION.-Six dollars per annuE
*q lyable is al cases in advance. No. subserif
n tion will be received for less, than one year, no
discontin uedi till all arrearages are paid.
i ADVEIRTISING.-One dollar per square
for jhe first insertion, and 75 cents for every sal
i "q ent'ne. *
ADVERTISEMEmTS not specified as to time wil
W tpulished4 uritilbfoid, and charged accord
l ngly. ,'
toADVEnRTsBMEvrrs of Bankruptcies will b
published, unless paid for previous to insertion
or payment guarantied by a'responsible person
.-,-. -"trAll-announcemen's of candidates will b
; charged Five Dollars, payable in advance.--
3:jrComm urications or advertisements of an;
personal nature, when "admissible, will b,
charged as advertisements.'
X- yE.mnLY ADVERTI'SERsi of matter appertaining
stricfly to the business of the parties, will b,
charged as follows:
Over 50 lines, and under 100, $-75 peraninum
O "over 0 lines, and under- 50, 50 '
Over 5 lines, and under 20, 25 "
S 5 lies, and under, 10 "
Bills for advertising for resident merchants
will, be presented onthe 1st Aprii, and the Is:
October .-.,others will be required to pay in ad.
- AGENTs.-Those procuring ten subscribers
w.4llbe entitled to a copy free of charge-all over
that number will be paid 10 per cent. on amount
r .All communications intended for publica-
tion, should be addressed to

Messrs. GORMAN & HALL, Tallatassee.
Dr. SAM. C. BELLAMY, Mariana.
:,- Col. SANCHEZ, ySM. Augustine.
JUDG E DRAKE, Pensacola.
J 3. A. HUDSON, Esa., Colwrbus.
JUSTINIAN F. DAvis, New-York.
Messis. Jxo. & T. M. MGCrETT, New-Orleans.
JNO. C. HOLCOMBE, E-sq, Charleston.
JOSEA YORKE,; Esq., Cincinnatti.

..... o t.


" The origin of Commerce Is coeval with the first dawn of Civilization."-McCullocA.

__- *" ".* -" s
I I .. .. .... i,;,,__ ...

whenee, by agreement with te people of-
that county, they removed to Ca&lW.ell. Of
this county they h&d ezctuW" possession1,
but about a ye go; by reamo of- nw ia,.-
migrants of the same persuasion, they AUA
it desirable to exteid their serl n"
certain adjoining counties, such an baview%
Ray and CarroL aIn Caldwell, their ti"l
were chiefly--bat not wholly fem
in the other Counties, espeialy. Davies%
seldom .any thing but pre-emptiun rights.
By dint. of hard work, and spirit of im-
provement whic characterised tham as a
body, they bad, as already intimted, .opened
farms, built mills, houses, &c, which were
vastly superior to any thing knourn among
the people theyfound them e Ther numbers
were increasing; and to the eya oa Mtw ob
server it was very apparent that, rules
their progress was checked, they wouid, in
no long time, outnumber the old settlers
Now, I maintain, from all the facts in the
case and from K knowledge of the charac
ter of both parties, that the diffMcultiea whkAh
ensued arose from the fact, that the Igor.
mons were flourishing and seemed about to
acquire a numerical superiority. Thepride
of their neighbors was touched ; their jeal-
ousy wag roused; their cupidty -excited ;
and all their unscrupulous ipassions codled
into full action, '-WhaV, reasoned they,
" shall a set of poor, mean Mormons.-be.
lievers in Joe Smith-lnd without the eotir-
age of a dog-supplant awl Axe they to,
settle down on our best lands, -and wrest
from us the political ascendancy I 4o I no !
Let them go on and improve, till we ge4
ready, and we'll then show them for what
and for whom they areimprovifg, and teach
them how they again intrude on our rights."
Such, interpreted into the common form
of speech, was the spirit of the cogitmeas
which possessed the Anti-Mormon. BDt
they knew that wrong and violence mut
have a pretext They were sagacious
enough to know that their acts should hame
a show of virtue ;" and they accod
began to misrepresent the Mormons. The
charges were at Am general. The Mor-
mons were a mighty oma people." They
were great fools"-which in eomop w
;eptation is about as bad as being great vil-
Wns. Then they were thievish [how ludi-
cous, when the Anti-Mormons had hardly
my thing worth stealing.] They "tam.
pered with the negroes," which, we know,
n all states excites the moi4 intense odium
against the accused, without in the sture
Df things, a poNMiy of repelling the ac-
usotton; for a stave's evidence is worth-
ela Finally, a fallow bumnt his ownvors-
,rib and charged it on the Mormons. Bad
inen hate those whom they har e__.
rhere is, therefore, plenty of resew why
Lhe Anti-mormons should hated their rivals.
Drimination provokes recriminaton has
*gets hate. IDientions l d quarrels sprung
p between the parties; til finally it was
evident that they could not live in contact;
ad that the Anti-Mormons were determined
he Mormons should yield and abandon the
country. Moreover, the lad salms were
pproaching; and it was expedient that
bey should be driven out before they coud
ssablish their riCWt to preemption, lathis
ray their valuable improvement-tbe fruit
f diligence and enteipsiLr would d pass
no the hands of men, who would have
he pleasure of enjoying without the toil of,
The first serious difilnhty between the
arties occurred in Daviess, Oa the day of
he general election, about the frst. of AAn
ust. A MNonro whe, by residences
stifled to a vote, presented himsel to the
)lPs; but was so annoyed and mltreaed
consequence of it, that other Mormocs
ere aroused, aa! a a hard fight" cam of,
The next movement against the ow
Sin Carroll county, whare themate
fts rose in a body, and clmoe lr thi

;rtng of Mormon property, and to Uthei
p~ulsion into Davtess; and was the re~a~
lCged by the Mormon, for theirreias
i. e. burning and robbngl of prpet ix
The confusrion--mntnal phundering an!
rniag of the property of both lartn- ht
s latter county--4d to themaerg
th and without orders froa tihe goerno
armed men; who ,'wily, ua On
ca at Par West, compelle the "aB,-
nder" (as it is called) of th- wt MT
mn people.
The only orer-apt, eharled Mpe.a th
yr nfs, relate t a perod sllabq-t
making oatof ~ta~tftt. T'e Moramo-

a fight between n a of their people atd
empony under me Bogar* xe6d o- a4f
ei" enemy and oundd toe edm;
OT at the gIe" tdi- anferig 1s kJnsd
id wounded, just do"~ tho dmWV m-R
ned by the other prty.

WW1 tu~dmv In Davis, and *ak mg
we of their prepes". T% Uiy --i
UllKy *T zzwm s r---- r ON&-S
Ics 0 a situa WMa in Como 1 00
was onyj, as tofy my, AWe p"yses ft
PTa (that they dr--i soy %mma ,

cumivA4 W.^. *--mr OW

,,4^t2 by raes>mm^a ofa ,md a^'m
mmknis, wo Wi pme Mo e| |

ame. wa t t !W FOE

two, as we all have; but that only made
me love him the more, with a touch of pity
be for his weakness. His temper was hot, and
d with a little chafing, would flash like gun-
powder. But if his fist, now and then, clos-
n, ed.sooner than another man's, it opened al-
P so more readily, and a wide palm finished
,r the matter. Then, too,-God forgive him,
for the laws did not,-he loved liquor; and
re that-saving the murder-was the death of
- him. 'Tis a bad propensity, my friends,"
said the Major, shaking his head. I've
known many a man bring disgrace upon
11 himself-(Balance smiled covertly)-and
d- make a bad soldier into the bargain.
"(Well, as I was going to tell you, I was
be was sitting in my quarters, over an egg and
n, coffee, and watching the gambols of a young
n. kitten, that played with the string of a cush-
e ion. At last, the creature leaped inside the
fender, and began to paw an inflamed piece
y of wood that had fallen from the fire.-
e Tom,' said I, have a care: thou wilt burn
thy fingers for thy folly.' I had scarcely
g spoken, when the pretty animal uttered a
e subdued human-like cry of pain ; and I
caught it my arms to comfort it. I thought
n the creature, liked my kindness, for it cast
its mild eye gratefully towards my face.-
While I was thus engaged, the door opened,
and Flint stood erect before me. Well,
Flint, didst thou hear the kitten cry ?" said
I. No, Sir: Lieutenant Burford's servant
hath.left a note for you.' Ah I ejacula-
ted; for all the circumstances of the pre-
vious night shot. across my mind : stay ;
s did the servant say aught No, Sir-
mQre than that the letter was important.'
( This, I fear, is a bad business, Flint,' said I,
while opening it. Very sorry for it.' I
" believe thee, for thou art not so deep a phi-
losopher as Rochefoucault.'
When I read the note, I was much affec-
ted by the incoherence which ran through
it. It was written evidently by a man in
great irritation of spirit ; and as its object.
was to request an interview with me, I re-
solved to go to the Lieutenant's quarters
forthwith. I arose from my seat, and Flint
brought my coat. Whether or not he per- q
ceived my concern, I know not; but as he t
was brushing my back, he said, You have 9
not finished your coffee, sir: the air is cold ,
without.' Never mind, Flint; I shall walk 3
briskly.' 'It were well, sir, for there is a r
rent here,' putting his cold finger on my d
shoulder. 'Ah, indeed was I steady last t
night, Flint' As ships are in a heavy sea. t
sir: you could just keep your eye against I
the wind.' 'Tis sad work, Flint, when men e
are lost in liquor : beware, boy,-this quar-
rel has arisen from it.' I know not that I a
should have told.Flint of the nature of the t
present business, if my mind had not been a
so totally absorbed in it. Hold! your honor A
will not answer the challenge!' said he, 0
standing between me and the door. Stand r
back!' returned I, in an angry tone. I had v
now advanced beyond him; and as I was l
going out, he caught me by the skirts of my a
coat, and earnestly begged me not to risk fl
my life. 'Thou art mistaken, Flint,' said n
I: I go to endeavor to save one.' That is
more like your honor,' he replied; and I c
went to the lieutenant's, li
While on my way to the lieutenant, I a
will relate to you what occurred on the pre- q
vious night." "An epical episode?7" in- ft
quired Dick Careless. "Yes." "Go on ; h
'tis according to rule." The Major received p
Dick's approving nod, and continued.- st
"There had been a party of us that night n
at a tavern; and as our spirits flowed with di
the wine, the merriment ran high. Poor a
Burford, as I have told you, was addicted to le
the glass ; and he did not, on this occasion, in
belie the character he had acquired. Many h
scorned him for it; but I knew his heart bet- st
ter, and pitied him. Captain Howard was sc
also of the party, a man of calm temper and L
generous feelings, but who had not much sl
respect for the Lieuternant. This was ow- 01
ing partly to the little esteem in which the el
Lieutenant was held by his brother officers, hi
and partly to a coldness which had arisen gi
between them, on account of some misun- di
der~standing relating to a shooting-match, b2
This affair was alluded to during the de- ci
bach, for such it was," added the Major, c<
reluctantly ; andl words ran high between t v
the two officers. Burford fancied the Cap- cf
rain treated him with contempt ; and being dt
ever alive to an insult, his impatient spirit th
could not brook the indignity. Inflamed at sc
once by anger and wine, and forgetting his in
station as an officer, he sprung up and col- fo
lared the Captain, I am neither a coward al;
nor a reptile Thou shalt suffer for It !'-- w.
Howard had more self-command ; and set- de
zing the Lieutenant by the wrist, he hurled th
him to the ground. The rest of the party an

immediately stopped the fray; and the su
Captain soon after disappeared. I went up he
-to the Lieutenant, and asked kindly, 'Art mg
thou hurt) Burford 7' Yes) yes,-here P' un
he cried vehemently, striking his hand
against his heart) to intimate that his soul an
was more hurt than his body. Unfortunate qu
man he looked wildly about him, ground ch
his teetb, and clenched his hands together, to
He had been cast down before his brother tai
pfficerf and the disgrace was too much for stu
Win. I was commisserating his vexed state thi
of mind, when I arrived at his quarters, ex
4' Good morning, Burford,' said I, on en- he
trying the room. He ran up% and grasped y
my hand convulsively, but did not speak. cat
'Thou art not well,' I continued: thy ch
hand burms.' I thik I never saw before, tio
so wild, and yet so melancholy a look, as hei
he gave me, He caught my hand again, wa
and said in a represed guttural acaent,- am
' Hell is not hotter! My body is a living the
malI DisgracI Disgrace! The sense wa
o( it kbn'u up Q within me P Tno poor si
fe(ow then east another look at ma"--4ttwas Ca
a eoBmempinatiseo,-and led me toa chair. th
6.nabdoow an oppetwity to regard V= ; my
A6.6damsKQg a. picwe o Misery dN he int
B Oab*l I^^ O"*^ not, Wr RMw- uwjs a-A
B y w evy_*'-lhOL I** SommPir O-8rii

"A few days after this circumstance,
court-martial was held to try the prison
The Lieutenant showed no weakness,
though I could perceive the signs of p
vious suffering in his face. He answer
all the questions put to him calmly, a
seemed to expect the final sentence. Ct
tain Howard, who appeared to suffer m<
agony of soul than the Lieutenant, sup]
cated the pardon of the court ; but it w
unrelenting: and, in accordance with t
law which awards death for contempt
wards a superior officer, the unfortuna
Burford was condemned to be shot."
The Major now puffed vigorously at I
cigar, and winked his eyes several timf
as if they had been annoyed by the smol
But Manlove was affected more than- a
other, by the decision of the court-marti
"Murder! foul murder!" he ejaculate
with vehemence ; "humanity groans at i
" He died by the articles of war," said tt
Major, authoritatively. "It's not law," r
plied Manlove, with feeling indignation.
" 'Tis discipline," answered the Maj(
Dick Careless was thrown into a revert,
and Balance said, in a serious tone, Tl
must be altered-I'll see to it."
Well," continued the Major, the pri
oner was to be shot the next morning b
sunrise, at a field.without the city ; all h
brother officers were there, and I made o0
of the number. There was the Colonel
and at a little distance was Howard. I "T
a pity,' said I, musingly,' may God give yc
mercy!' as I arrived on the spot, and sa
the young Lieutenant with one knee bet
on the ground, waiting to receive the fire c
a line of soldiers, drawn up before him,
shall never forget it, my friends," continue
the Major, in an agitated tone-" no! never
shall !-I can see. him now, in my mind
eye, and a better man never wore a re
jacket. It was drawing close upon th
awful moment, and every pulse was-beatin
time to the seconds; I happened to loo
towards Howard, his eyes were blood-shot
I walked up to hWm, wishing to draw hin
from a scene where he could not possible
be of service. 'It is over now, Howard,'
begat, thy generosity cannot avail him
he witnessing of this scene must woun
thee, and cannot console him.' I Hov
knowest thou,' answered he abruptly, bu
ie will lose his life; and what reparation
can I make him ?' The blood fled from hi
:hcck, then returned, and fled again. A
hat oment he cast his eyes towards th
Colonel, who was looking attentively atl hi
watch : I will speak- to him once more,' h
continue, 'I will seek forgiveness;' an,
eizing my hand, 'I would rather die a hun
Hired deaths than he should lose one hairor
ny account. I have done him wrong-
vrong he repeated the word, and witl
uch an emphasis, that it ran chill through
ny soul. He then left me, and darted

rough a crowd of officers. I saw him, il
i moment after, kneeling before the doom
d man. 'Canst thou forgive re T said he
n a voice tremulous with grief; 'Cans
hou ? I have done wrong in this matter-
hy blood rests on my head-I feel it!
My (cars shall cleanse thee,' answered the
other, while he wept bitterly, and fell upon
lie Captain's shoulder. The agoLtsed
toward threw lus arms around the prison-
res neck, and they were locked in a con-
ulsive embrace. Each sob was heard dis
nctly by the anxious spectators; for there
as a silence, a deadly silence around, like
hat which precedes the burst of the thun-
erboli. There was scarcely a dry eye
bout us, and many, a head was averted from
he scene." The Major placed a knuckle
,n the inner corner of his eye, and breathed
"'Twas a mournful scene," continued the
orthy officer; and we are but men after
1. 1 have heard men pray, ay, and pray
rvcnily too; but never did I hear so sol-
nn a prayer as followed that ardent era-
-ace.') The Major hesitated, aa if words
ere wanting to depict the condensed into-
st that now pervaded the spectators. All
en gazed," said he, as if their souls
eked out of their faces, eager to catch
c lowest word that came Aighing on the
orniing breeze, The two brave men clasp-
Stheir hands together on their bosoms,
d with eyes turned towards heaven, and
ith faces expressive of the deepest car-
incK& they offered up a mutual prayer.
nd what prayer think ye it was7 The
rd's Prayer. When they said, with
*robling voices, 'Thy will be done on
rth as it is in heaven'--' forgive us our
espagacs, as we forgive them that trenpaw
ain~t us,' thought my heart would burst.
10 two roen wept--stopped--and eoutin-
4, in smothered accents, The spectators
ret simultaneously into tears ; and when
SColonel altempted to speak to end the
*ne, his words were choked in hi throat

A he merely waved his hand. The time
as already past, and a serjeant advanced
intimate it to the Captain. The misera-
Howard cast a desponding look overhis
oulder as the serjeant warned him, and
,in earnestly embracing the prisoner, he
ose; but contrition yearned strongly ; he
lifted, then advanced ir fw steps; 1
nk I see his look now." The zars trick-
over the Major'schaek. "Icannothelp
said he, as be brushed them away heso-
with his handkror^ot I think I we
look now, as hepo suddenly, and
ed, with a ng with "ay,
ast thou fu_ H en me V. The Lieu-
ant spr gave him his had-
' I hope to be forgiven,' asmwered Ha.
eir hearts met and mixed in that fervent
sure, and I thought their bands woul
ve grown together ; for it Memd. as f
y wou never relax. Ageai ta ese-
nt advanced, and the Captain hurriedly
Lbrmw. Th Lieutenant sauk upon oie
se, fot hia eye so th od ) @ am nd *MI
pd Wehast W nm !m sghift Mwas w-
ewmha his 16MI 0W btoMoo tr si" to
it, okhoM" mes %ftc W" Poo"^^ 401

The'world wa sad, the garden was a wild,
A. Ad man, lhbermi.t, sigh'd--till-woman smil'd."
"OhklEdeB in thy youthful prime-
-. --E1WW-bb1AN walked- among thy bowers,
D.llI rolled along the wheels of time,
'And laggard were the hours;
: The morning brought the rosy day,
-Which sank as tranquil as it rose;
And night o'er sleeping beauty lay,
0 A twilight of repose.
t No-blot was then on Nature's brow,
A reign of peace and love, was hers,
3Man was the lord of all below,
And angels were his ministers.
In bonds ofinnocence and miith,
1A1ived every thing that sported there,
A eedless garden was the earth,
And music filled the air.
Yet cheerless in'this flowery wild,
And, lonely was he doomed to rgam,
Till Eve, jn virgin beauty,smiled,
To bless, and sanctify his home.
And in this wreck of paradise,
What would the charms of nature be'!
F air fields, bright sun, and glowing skies,
Dear WOMAN, without thee! F,. S. J.

'Tis calm--'tis thus I love to be,
To watch the break of day;
-To view the sun rise on the sea,
The moon fade, faint away;
And twinkling stars almost unseen,
Retiring from the sight,
Hiding their ravished charms, they seem
To dread the coming light.
i While o'er my head a tinny thing,
Is perch'd on yonder shroud-
A bird!-see, see, he trims his wing,
And twitters blithe and loud.
t N&owmorning airs come o'er the sea,
; No further rest he craves,
: Bat woo's the coming breeze, as we,
And rises o'er the waves. F. S. J.

r[Firom the Old Monthly Magazine, for March.]
S eeed from tA records of tie Ecenmric C(b, 4
--. .o H .order.,4
NICK SO-er, Hen. Sai.
M'w wafore morning' after the fray," said
" Major, tmasingly. "What fray, my
deeeast Mae" inquired iMaeilpve, whosek-
deepest affections were immediately awak- .i
erse& .y-- forgot", answered the other,
with th" avi of a man suddenly entrapped
into the ne'esity t6 tell a story--" You p
'never heard -i "I-doubt if whispered b
Balance to Dick Careless. "But you shall a
hear it now*-TA a sad affair, that mur-
IW h~g it a1l done b?. the articles l
dTw en fit 'the eofoieement of military -a
dbpisc~-. aadd iis~cpbaeras" be -enfo re ed,"
^||pr Mar, H in a bigbfer and firmer tone,
Ni* foot tblruptly on the floor. M
,T;[ IB^v.f i Manlove, inno- I
s "ro "am disciplne, sir 7" in- a
,,J b ii Ac aj, wMG # dikht fush Of
.^far e oi? e A. ."0 00! my <
*i ; butl th llldo|WMe esqmurder- a

6t. .. N .T

-." .... 7.- :-.'W

1: .- -
| I I t -- "



**calt ^Mplr w, k


.-preachers -might have said-and some of
them evinced toward the Mormons, a most
unchristian-like" spirit---their influence was
very trifling. The people did not want the
.preachers to stimulate their hatred or their
No-it was the cause I have already inti-
-mated-to which this affair may be right-
fully traced. And let me assure you that
any body of men tike the Mormons, in all
respects, but their religion, would in the
same situation shared their fate. I wish you
to understand it as my deliberate opinion
that, at this moment, any body of people,
accustomed only to Jhe manners and senti-
ments of the inhabitants of the free States,
and rather pacific and yielding in their dis-
positions, however industrious, thrifty and
intelligent-would, if they attempted a set-
tlement on choice lands in Missouri, fare as
have the Mormons.
The Mormons were all this. They were
hard-working. They were sober. They
were frugal and thrifty. They had been
well taught in all that can he learnt in com-
mon-schools. Some of them were very in-
telligent. They were pacific and meek.
And, in all these respects, they differed
from their enemies.
Why conceal the truth 1 Let me tell you
that a body of farmers and mechanics from
Essex, Middlesex or Norfolk-however they
might differ in points of faith-if they
I should now be transplanted to the aban-
doned localities of the Mormons-would in
five years from this date be driven out by
fire and sword, precisely as the Mormons
have, and the General Assembly of Mis-
t souri would justliy it. Do you ask me how
the Germans continue to stay in Missouri ?
It will tell you. They have taken the worst
soils in the State--soils which nobody else
s will take. This is the true answer. The
I Germans are more disliked than the Yan-
1, kees; and if they should once presume to
interfere with the Kentucky prerogative to
f occupy the best lands-wo to the poor
I Germans--unless indeed they will fight far-
I der than the Mormons.
The game tried so successfully against
[ the Indians, has beenplayed off against the
I whites. And those whites are Yankees,
who cannot claim the enjoyment of a com-
mon right, in the face of certain other por-
; tions of their "fellow countrymen," be-
cause they are too conscientious-or too
e tender or too timid. But they must sue-
t cumb like the Indians!
t Onr" taking dreams."
There is a drowsy, heavy state, between
. sleeping and waking, when you dream
more in five minutes with your eyes half
L open, and yourself, half conscious of every
t thing that is pawing around you, than yo"
t would in five nights with your "y fa
I closed, and your senses wrapt in perfect
, unionsdousnew. At such tlmeh a mortal
L knowsjust enough of what his mind Is doing,
I. ta form some glimmering conception of its
t mighty powers, its boundiug from earth and
e spurning time and space, when freed from
s the irksome restraint of its ,orporeal 336-
| "How big imagiamlo moves"
a, After *nu for some minutes, the old
I gentleman walled irth the. w meditative
Cil e6Oinoa0,1Late-Foosnopcningfrom the
a im ;. a comrr,
I~~~ ~~ Cf~a S9fl~k~W.~d ye a vast 6in-
i ,,...-" ,any:te.reW..' No,"
lipi or an-ti "o,"

c0urtcr e rtattas (but#,

Tl eerat Abe of (. em mMl 49tq -
m Wemt No .4- 1 a^^ it^^ it d



1I_ NM


been productive of great good, which even
Mr. Baltzell in "defining his position"-
writing his political letters-and in his
public speeches now admits--may not a1o-
ther organised upon principles somewhat
similar, be also desirable 7 It is well known
that the opposition to the Southern Life In-
surance and Trust Company, at the time of
its charter, originated principally in this
county. This was natural. The writer
himself deemed af that time, one institution
in aid of the planting interest sufficient, and
so it was perhaps for Middle Florida, but
the successful application of labor and use
of capital, has increased the amount of ag-
ricultural products. A demand for much
more capital is created, and the Trust Com-
pany, which proposes to enlarge its busi-
ness in this quarter, can afford the addi-
tional facilities so much required ; required
too by those who have not the mcans of
obtaining them elsewhere. The Trust
Company is as emphatically a planters
bank as the Union Bank-obliged as they
are by their charter to loan 3-5(hs of their
capital permanently upon real and personal
estate in Florida, reserving 2-5lhs for ordi-
nary banking purposes. There is no me-
dium so favorable for the introduction of
foreign capital, which is so much needed in
all new countries, as that afforded by Banks;
but the stock of such would never be sub-
scribed for and paid by men of wealth liv-
ing in the old states, unless the chartersare
liberal, and offer prospect of profile commen-
surate with the risque naturally attendant
on lending money in new and uncultivated
So sensible have legislators been in all the
new States and Territories of the propriety
of liberal legislation, and the necessity of
early introduction of capital, that they have
not only granted liberal charters and fixed
as between individuals, a high rate of inte-
est, but have in nearly all the Southern and
Western States, loaned the public faith and
credit to Banksr, and it has been restrvcd
for the keen far-sighted forecast of Florida
Loco Focoism, aye, Loco Focoism, to disco-
ver the ruinous tendency of such policy.-
In Florida too, than which no section of the
Union more requires additional capital to
increase her agricultural exports, and give
her that eminent rank in the confederacy,
which with the aid of necessary monied fa-
cilities, she would so speedily attain. It is
perfectly clear, that for many years, there
can arise no danger from the free introduc-
tion of capital intp Florida. What though,
one in ten of those who are enabled to bor-
row money freely, should use It Improvi-
dently I the large majority are still bene-
-fitted, andit devolves upon the Banks (and
7the Territd,-,Y, if it shall become liable for
them,) to see that they get good security.
In regard to this, Mr. Baltzill, even at thW
time, is understood to say, he has no doubts
as to the safety of the Terrltoty from the
operations of the Union Bank.
I now propose to examine into the pow-
ere and prNileges of the Trust Company,
at which a certain sect of politicians arm so
much alarmed. Among the powers grant-
ed to this company find the right t0 Insure
on lives, to grant and purchase annuitiet to
receive monies In trust, either from Indivi-
duals or courts, to receive and execute
trusts In lands, &c. The writer has under-
stood that' the company hu not exercised
any of them powers, aor Itoit at all probable
Aia fa t may the condmoa of the
cafig ;w the talte of society would call
* tkhtr l iae-. Intrlgfnt Id rfetet-


All 'sufferek- and aU lost. But the pre- said the-old gentleman shaking his head; i
nmptorssuffercd most. They were stripped it must be imagination." l
of their hard 1tils ifo-r n one'PARED, at the He wandered over them again. He had i
appointed lime, present himself, to make called them into view, and it was not easy
good his rights. 'The- earnings of years to replace the shroud that had so long con-
were thus in one moment wrested from cealed them. There were the faces of
them by violence and fraud. The Ameri- friends,. and foes, and of many that had
cancitizen 1is NOT protected by American been-tftlmost strangers, peering intrusively
laws; but he is driven out from his lands from the crowd; there were the faces of
and his home by men, whom the law can- young and blooming girls that were now
not or will not reach, -and whom the IAgis- old women; there were others that the.
lature of the State justify and applaud, grave had changed to" ghastly trophies of
The General Assembly of Missouri re- death, but which the mind, superior to his
fused investigation into the origin and his- power, still dressed in their old freshness
toryofthisunexampledPEnsECTItoN. They and beauty, calling back the lustre of the
knew better than to do it. Impartial inves- eyes, the brightness of the smile, the beam-
tigation would have implicated the State ing of the soul through its mask of clay,
and many ofrits legislators too deeply. Ijt and whispering of beauty beyond the tomb,
was a series of enormities that would not changed but to be heightened, and taken
bear the light; and they thesefore--so far from earth only tobe set up as a light to
as they could do it-have quenched it in shed a soft and gentle glow upon the path
darkness. to Heaven.
But still there remained the sordid dispo- "Downy sleep, death's counterfeit."
sition 4r pay.. The general officers called Gradually he fell into the deep tranquil
out in suAhao extraordinary numbers, had a sleep which ease from recent suffering alone
claim upon the treasury. With many of imparts ; that calm and peaceful rest which
them it was a sheer-speculation. Though it is pain to wake from. Who, if this were
in may cases they went unattended to the death, would -be roused again to all the
field, they filed ludicrous accounts for extra struggles and turmoils of life-to all its
servants, horses, et cetera, claiming full cares for the present, its anxieties for the
brigadier and major-general's pay, as if in future, and, more than all, its weary rccol-
the actual service of the United States. The elections of the past!
demands,, it is true, were regular; but
showed a very unpatriotic desire to make ( [From the Floridian.]
money, out of the State. The Legislature Although a citizen of Leon County, and
finally-without inquiry-voted $200,000 (!) interested in her-prosperity, and though it.
but provided that-the privates, should be has generally been considered in bad taste,
paid first. Even two hundred thousand for a Middle Floridian, to venture remarks
dollars will not' meet the regular demands favorable to the Southern Life Insurance
--(thanks to Gov. Boggs' prudence andd and Trust Company, I consider it due to
discretion in calling out this host) and these this section of the Territory and to fliat in-
celebrated generals anrd generalissimos wilI stitution, in view of the extraordinary ef-
be knocking at the door of the next Gen- forts making by Mr. Baltzell, to secure his
cral Assembly for-pay; reminding one of election, by attempts to prejudice the pub-
Patrick Henry's speech in Hook's case, lic mind against that company-to examine
where the plaintiff was supposed to be pat- into. the nature of the institution, and tlhe
rolling the patriot camp with cries of- prominent features of its charter, with more
Beef !"--, Beef!1" I sincerely hope that candor, and fairness than is usually mrani-
theytwill in vain cry "1Pay!"-until they tested by Mr. Baltzell and his supporters
are willing to confine their demands within on that subject. Mr. B. is in favor of the
decentbouuds. Territory or State of Florida, one and en-
I have now given you a true account of tire. Every institution, therefore, chartered
this extraordinary ,persecution. I might by our Legislature for Florida, whether lo-
have goneback to the pld and first persecu- cated at the extremes, or in the centre of the
tion in Jackson county. But the history of Territory should stand upon equal grounds,
the one is the history of the other. The in the confidence and affections of the
pretexts-which were open, and the real wuoLEpeople, provided its affairs havebeen
grounds, which were partly open and part- managed in such a manner, as to merit con-
ly concealed-were alike in both. fidence. It is not even-handed justice to
And now, -do not suppose-let no man say,~that because a Bank has its principal
North-of the Potomac suppose-that the office here, other things being equal, it is
faith and fanaticism of the Mormons had therefore entitled to exclusive support and
any influence worth naming, in exciting favor at our hands. I hope not to be mie-
this persecution. A few field preachers of understood. I have (unlike Mr. B.) been
different denominations-with the spirit of uniformly friendly to (the Union Bank,
Peter the Hermit-did feel toward the Mor- though not a participant of its favor to much
*mons the odium theologicum; and were extent. Through its instrumentality, capi-
presept at the surrender, in numbers that tal has been brought into .the Territory,
were extraordinary. But, let me tell you, when it was much needed. Its operations
the people in the upper Missouri "believe have been productive of infinitely more ag-
in their preachers just as far as they gregate good than evil, and it is confidently
choose." Too much faith is not a just arti- believed the Territory is entirely safe, on
cle of impeachment against them. And account of the liability it has incurred for
therefore I am satisfied that whatever the the Banks. But if one'such institution has

upwards of. ,liry iwcj, aaltw children ta
Horne's Mill; on Shoal Creek in Caldwell e
county. 0
I say nothing of the two single murdersY -
save that the last mentioned of the two, was g
openly justified, in debate, upon the floor of v
the Lejdature, by the representative from t
Lian county c
The massacre at Horne's Mill ought to be
rung through Christendom. A body of a
men, 'coirimaffled by a Sndwtar from Chmr* n
ton county, weut down to that Mill and
there fell upon' their vitlf|mircCisely as
the pirates of the Carri l--n theirs.
The poor Mormons toolf9W 6 a black-
smith shop, and were there murdured in
detail. The attacking party leisurely and
deliberately thrust their rifles between the
logs of the building, and there, as the Mor-
mons were pent up like sheep in a -foldiA
butchered them An Ald man, McBride-
"- said to have been a revolutionary soldier-
-begged for his life. -It was denied him, and
he was put to death with the most savage,
violence !: A nre child-ronly nine years
old-was chased, supplicating his pursuers,
exclaiming I amvan--Americn boy." But
all would hot ans'wer.- He'-was hunted to
,his place of refugef.under the large bellows
of the shop, and his head blown into frag-
ments, by means of a rifle deliberately aim-
ed at ft! It is said too, that some of the
more desperate and abandoned of the profli-
gate villains, Who joined-in this fray, re-
tta the next day; and danced over the
well, in- which 'their victims had been en-
tomW bed'f Certaini it is that- they plundered
hose Whon they had killed. And be it re-
membered that this party of assailants-had_
no authority whbtrvew'even: for mustering
andic mateaingS; -and, -therefore, in the eye of
----the law are* ere brigands, robbers, and
mnurderers. ; ;' ,
V ou ask,-iffhis can'be trueT I tell -you-
.Ye. It is true-awful,, atrocious, and
admbifitnable-as t is, it istrue. Yes, it is'trud
--t'Eie-inthe --nineteenth century-true in
republican, in Christian America; true,:
While your -good people of Bostnv-a part
of the same--people -that committed these
horrors, .are,. sending the gospel of truth
and love to-f-araway Ind; and the. isles of:
the ocean.
Arid how do you think the great Senator-
CiVi:ian, who-led this onslaught, justifies it ?
"Why," says he, ".we were in a-stateof
'Dar!- It was open iar'!A! 'Which party fired
"Tst, I dodt know. zIt did not-matter. We
:aMe to fight'; we had a. fight; and they
dot whipped.": Yes, indeed they got-whip-
-ed.* Thifty Mormons killed outright, or.
ead of their wounds ; and not a hair of a
ead touched bn the other side. A fair
ght! Very likely Men pent up hi a
1(acksmithl's shop and butchered like cattle!
n, old grey-haired man hacked and shot
trough! A: child chased and .his brains
-town out!-! Afair fight! What ideas of
egulai war and legitimate battle-or rather
:vlat notion of right justice, or humanity
assess the, head- of a Senator (!) who can
uitify his acts, as this one does It is really
.Ipitty that the" Mormons did not make a
rghtnbutof-it;,--,Ifthey had done so, this
enhator might mnttnow have been living to
,reclaim his0own disgrace, with -his own
0p, to all -the intelligence and humanity -of
.-*-- hristendor.n *
VFrom'first-to last:-but especially in the
"utset of the troubles-the Governor of the
'*tate was.guilty of the most unpardonable
-emissness and-partiality. He was formerly
Af-Jackson 'coumty, and came into office
,ith strong prejudices against-the Mormons.
Ut (he tire of the difficulty it Carrol4 the
Mormois sent and besought his interposi-
tion. %He refused it, on the pretext of ex-
pense ; but in a few weeks afterwards, or-
dered out- against -the Mormons, an army
large enough to have piostrated ten times
the force supposed-to be arrayed against it.
SThe conduct, too, of Gen. Lucas, who
:commanded at the (so called) "surrender"
at Far West was to the last degree absurd
and tyranical. Regarding the Mormons--
not as American -citizensr--but as prisoners
Of war, belonging to a strangecand belliger-
ent people, he imposed on them a ".treaty,"
by-which-they -bound; themselves, .through
a committed, to indemnify (the innocent for
]he guilty) the sufferers in Daviess, and to
quit -the state. -Such stipulation--so fla-
grantly at war with the law of the land and
with common right--did thi notable gen-
e rgal officer, in the execution of his high
a~nd delicate trust, think fit to exact of his
Mormon prisoners, supposing, as he doubt-
less did, that the Mormons .were bound
by it ,
But worse-,still more absmd and barba-
ros- than all .this, was one transaction,
which "happened immediately on the sur-
render; ,Will you believe it, that, on that
events .Geih ucas called a council, com-

posed, of some sixteen general officers,
which, by a large majority, decided to try,
on the next day, .40 or 50 of those Mormons
whom they considered ringleaders, by a
Coirt Martidl, the end of which would
have, no doubt, been death to all the ac-
cused! It was, then that Gen. Doniphan, of
dCay eomnty,-a.man respected for his legal
atainments and high character-addressed
.,Gen. Lucaz,'inatho most indignant language.
"Sir,": said he, to-morrow at, day-]ight) 1
.march all my c-mnmand back to Clay. I
will snt .tay 'here to witness your cold-
-blooded butchery.Y.t;Gen. Lucas was not
however, then averted from his purpose
btiathe stand aken by, Gen. Doniphan, di
.Aonkerted -both him vand the rest of these
gmenral#.fficers, all of whom placed great
' r reliance on Gen. Joniphan's judgment anc
'WecreUy'(awwel they might) distrusted
their -om. At midnight, Gen. Lucas went
W eflC : orioipbma,'and begged him to stay
IThai he .mhsd.a* things, properly con
dnqted,;, and therefore he intended to namu
V7n. i.. as, PteWden of the Court. Geln
-.-ipaai anrr It sprung to his fee
.d &m d,.-,-w d,"1 .very inducement
11kih ya-hdM,uAlt, ie %4 reason why I
",;'. v, awoAvrs earlier than I in
T teAk.. l.mkduA"y bands of th .Court
".". isi iiy .kt,,old b.kwdl. I Wyill have Do
I'ritrtedpat."lL?, o#. it.t9 sy, tha
J).pOalpiU$ Melo.tatpl prevented, the
t)~tpBo t "ewaltff parpoe.: .Th!<
.,HB^^^^*^W^^^^ lI., I'. /, -
'~~ ~~ iH<.TtM h a |i WW4a
~ SO Sljll.Ii- aiiair,(tK 4> tawo
*T^MMI~h~iCOOPt^if Ci -rnn



Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That Se "
election 6f Directors (except the first --*-
Jon) shall take place on the first Mesjr
f January in each and every year, at IWh
tanking house of the corporation., Pnv ;
led, however, that should said election not
eke place on that day the smid corporation
hall not fr that causebe dpeeed to bedip-
olved, but the directors for the time bdg
may order such election so ono thereafter
Sec. 10. Be it further eroded, -hIt
none but a stockholder citizen of the United ;
States, and of the Territory O uri ''
shall be a Director, nor shall amy direetorwb
titled to any eiaoliment;*Mit the boed
nay make ue oompepsation to Prah-
dent for his services as they may think rea-
sonable, and iffcase of the death, resig' nation
or removal of the President; the dfreeiom-.
shall appoint one of their number totiBl the
vacancy, who shall hold his office durm*
he remainder of the time for which W-
predecessor was elected.
Sec. 11. Be it further enacted, Thatstaid
company shall not be authorihd to issue
bills of credit f6r more than twice the
amount of capital stock actually paid in, and
n case an excess of iwme shall happen, they
shall be liable for the same in their individ-
ual capacity, but this shall not be comtrued
to exempt the said corporation or the good,
ehMtIs. lands and tenements thereof, from
being also liable for, and chargeable withL
the excpss; provided that any directorwho*
was absent. or who, if present, entered his
dissent to sueh excess on the minutes of
said corporation shall be exempted from
any liabilities on account of such excess.
See. 12. Be it further enacted. That the
said corporation shall not deal, or trade in
any thing except bills of exchange, promis-
sory notes, gold and silver bullion, neither
shall The said corporation take more than at
lhe raic of eight per centum per annum up-
on ics loans.
Se. 13. rBe it further enacted, That the
personal. B.,and mixed property of each
and every atbegholder shall be pledged and
bound in proport inn to the amount of shares
held by each in his or her natural private
and individual capacities for the ultimate
redemption of said bills, issued by or from
said Bank during the time he or she may
hl0d meh stock and for six mouths after
any transfer thereof.
Sec. 14. Be it farther enacted That the
said Bank shall annually set *part from the
nett profit-, two per centum as t tax for the..
use of the Territory, and the said surs to set
apart, and appropriated to the ume afore-
said abll hbe in full consideration of all
taves of the stock of said bank, nor shall
the Mtck of Paid bank be at any time xub-
ject to any other taxation.
See. 15. Be it further enacted, That the
bills and notes of the bank shall be redeem-
ed 1t the Barking houscin Apalachicola, in
gold or silver coin.
Sec. 16. BW it further enacted, That
when any mortgage has been given to said
bank to secure the payment of any money
loaned, it shall not be necessary to renew
the morlmpnfe on account of the renewal of
said note. but the mortgage originally given
shall be valid to secure the property of each
renewed note, so long asmob jote shUae ,,
a part of the original debt.,
See, 17. Be it further elhed, That the
Present and cashier of said bank shall
make annually at the commencemeat oflthe
session of the Legislative council, a report
to the Governor. showing the condition of
the Bank-, in which report there shahl te
dbtinelly stated what amount of Capital
stock has been paid in, what bills and notes
of the bank are in circulation, what other
debts are due by the bank, the amount of
bills discounted, and outstanding ; jeci min
its vaults, notes of the bank of the United.
Si ases in its posseesiou, notes of all other
banks. debts due to it by other banks, and
all such other particulars as usually compose
the annual reports ofa bank, or may be tc-
CCSsary to afford to the Lcusaive cucl
correct information of the actual eoondtiott
of the bank; and th~e Legislative coi
may annually appoint a committee of its
own membersto examine into the stateof the
bank. to which committee, if desired, shall
be exhibited tuch books and account* and
suceh other infornalion a may be deemed
ealeuhlatd to af(Tord eorretst information o1
the maslters referred to It. Prvia al-
ways thei thu shall not amthorize satid conma-
moittee to as~k or receive arty inforaltion as
to the stame of the accotnt of any ihdividnal
dealer with the bank.
Se.18. Be it further enacted Trat the
said Bank rhtial have power toertaJbth oB or mow brnuchefi or agencies thereof, at
such limesn and plaee as it bl deem d
rwiable; except the eonnty of Calhoun.
,c. 19. Be it further enacted: That this

Corp( inIton shall continue for twenty-five
years unless ooner dhlolved by the sw&-
holdc'- ihereo but no divoltini or repeal
',aUl ever be nm!trued to exonerate th. fl-
filintII of exist msg outrM
kk-r. 20. Be It furtbhr cnscted, 71W
should this eorpormlon ever refue to pay
any of its notes in speek, when lawfltl de-
mand Is made on them o do so, sayyraw
having the right to demand or reeeiv the
same, shall be entitled to recover at the
rate of twenty per centum per maam, till
the said beank sbll teadwt at Its own oCNB-
ler, the nintou so dew dme, with the
anwunt that may have accrued thereoa, =Ad
for such refial for oow year its chapter dWfi
be footed.
Se. 21. Beitfurtibw c lod, T lal tbJ*
act shll be ftbject to Mwunnigt 4 ia
lioct, or repeal by may ftM~a* LeUttte.u
IL L D&z
ASpkr. of as 4 w Of *F
Prod'L Approved 4thk XMbrch MW
11 K. CALL
00r. q/PRq

ng men will readily see that the advanta-
es growing out of their exercise would be&
n the side of the public. But-the leadirl
nd paramornt objection to the charter in.
he minds of these sagacious gentlemen, is
aid to be the right to ask for the territorial
guarantee, "to an unlimited amount and
withoutt slcurity.11 Now, on this subject,
hicre has been much misapprehension. To
ny mind, there is not a feature in any bank
charter inm the whole south, except perhaps,
,be clause in this charter which limits its
ssues to one dollar of circulations for one
dollar of'capital actually paid in, as careful-
y and rigidly guarded as the provision in
his charter in relation to the endorsement
)f the Territory upon its certificates, and in
reference to it, the company may confidently
invite investigation from the most fastid-
uus of its opponents. By the act of incor-
poration and amendments, the company is
required to lend 3-5ths of their capital," se-
evured upon unincumbered, real, and per-
sonal estate, lying and being in the Terri-
ory of Florida, of double the value in each
case, of the sum loaned." And before
any liability, as is hereinafter provided,
shall be incurred by this Territory, the val-
uation to be made shall be approved by
commissioners, appointed by the Governor
and Council, or the Governor in the recess,"
and said valued and mortgaged properly,
when received by the said company, to be
recorded in St. Johns county and the regis-
try thereof shall be held sufficient in law to
bind the property, and thereafter the same
shall not be assignable, but shall remain as
a security for the ultimate payment and
redemption of the principal and interest of
the liabilities of this Territory for said com-
pany." And again, "to enable the said
company to make loans and discotints be-
yond the amount of their capital, they may
issue .certificates of1 (XKl each, bearing not
more than six per cent inicrest, redeemable
within the limits of their charter, at such
times as the Governor and company may
agree on, and present the same to the Gov-
Ernor, whose duty it shall be to endorse
thereon, 'gf-araniteed by the Territo-y of
Florida,' and sign his name and title of of-
fice thereto, and return the same to the said
company, and the faith of the said Territo-
ry is bereby pledged as security for said
company, for the faithful payment of such
certificates according to the tenor and effect
of the same. But no greater amount of cer-
tificates shalt at any time be endorsed than
shallt b equal to the debts placed under
mortgage to the company at the time of
making.application, to be secured after the
mode and in the manner pointed out by the
sixth sectiofi of this act, and in case the
said company shall make defaults in pay-
ment of the principal or interest of such
certificates, it shall be the duty of the court
of appeals of -aid Territory, on being certi-
fied of the fact by the Governor, to issue an
appropriate process to any Marshal of said
Territory, commanding him.to take so much
of the inoney choses in action, or other ef-
fects, or property, of the said company, and
bring the same into court forthwith, as will
be sufficient to indemnify the government
from lo." by reason of such default: pro-
vided, also, when the guarantee is asked for
the Governor andCouncil shall have pow-
er to appoint three directors who may, or
may not be stockholders."
Can it be amin said with any show of
sincerity, that the Territory gets no secu-
rity for this endorsement ? Did any individ.
ual ever receive better security for a loan
of money than the Territory will receive
if the Trust Company should, in cxtcnding
its loans beyond its capital, ask for the Ter
ritorial endorsement? It is not becoming
in Mr. Baltzell, courting, as he is, the strifi
and turmoil of public life, to lake fright a
the "shadow of a shadv," which Locc
F(,coism" has thrown across his political
path, lest hc subject himself, during hi
career; (o the imputation of "' straining at
gnat arid swallowing a camel."' It will b<
scan that the company lends its capital
and should they be unable, on their owi
cr, dii; to raise as much money as the Wah.
or their dealers require ; they can pltrdgi
0teir own securities and oba!a:: ;he Terri
aerial endorsement. But ftir'-,'r, hr oba
jection is niade with as nn',.h n:jfu,'en
carnestne-ss as thoughh it was beliereu, thu
there is no limit to the Territorial endorse
ment! ls it to be supposed for one rooeni
thiat individuals are 10 lend their money;
upon nnsafe security? And if this wcr
supposabe, the valuation to be made shal
be app:roved by government commission
ent, &c. The Territory receives the fatal
of the original capital contributed by sleek
holdert,--he .ecurities for actual mensc
loaned--and no well wishecr to the Tecrtorl
ought to dcsir,, auy otlher limit to uch opt
ratiotts Ihan that created by the amount c

(;ooD PrinDt-c!ivi: acixrrry, on which loan
could be made. Thii, and the demand fo
money for profitable empo3 ment L4 ith
limit to loans all the world over; and qual
ified I-,.itical economists would not desire
rto s.e the us,,e of capilai within narrowed
jcircuinscribed limits. But again, It is smi
the mockholders and offleers of this ban
are foreigners. Who now connected wit
the Union Bank were not foreigners a fev
years since in the same sense? Were w
not all fureigiinrt but as yeiterdn3y ? Wh
not stiginmaize as foreigners the large PoT
tion of our population, from Virginia an
the Carolinna, to whose enterprise almm
entirely, Middle Floridu is indebted fo
what she is? The)y, too, were foreigner
but a few years snce. Buti the officers
this bank have, by the party to which
have alluded, on several late occuaium
been pursued with unwanted rancor an
malice; a circumnlance for which the wr
ter is unable to account, unless upon th
principle that the opponents of the con
pany, finding nothing In its adminimratlo
to which they can object, indulgr fn pe
sonaliy which ba occasionally In (he hh
toryof He world, enabled dt.ignhig me
to patin their object. I* it good policy, i
low zoe to ask, to discourage men f(h
moving itto the Territory, and pardcularl
thoef who have money or can control th
opiw or ,heir ffriends abroad? Tro
many of the stockholders of the oempsm
reside at the north, but the writer of ibisI
perroonally acquainted with a number (
them, and knows them to be men of extet
give wealth, and of the nrt respectulAi
They have robwrlbed to the Stock of th
company under the charter as It )ia mi
paid their mooey aeeording to No reqnu
Int, aentsi h srely co" "th a bad 85
.rAm an iodid M ualby O

of distinction as a statesman from the chi-
valrous south, as is Mr. Baltzell, to Wet out e
in his career by an effort to induce the vio- ti
lation of plighted faith-on the part of tbe of
Territory. -
Mr. Baltzell repudiates the idea-of de- d
stroying the banks ; but in his famous reso- ta
lutions asks Congress to "alter, modify or 81
repeal," wlhen he knows, or as a lawyer W
should have known, that Congress has but n
one power, viz. that of repeal. It may be a
he only wanted Congress to forte the Banks
to hand their charters over to the, tender n
mercies of the levelling party, (to which s
he does not profess to belong) to have them s
trimmed and pruned with the Bowie Knife e
of Locofocoism. If Mr. Baltzell has, in W
"defining his position," adduced any valid d
reason for supporting the Union Bank, at s
the same time that he opposes the other 1
Banks of the Territory, and particularly 3
the Trust Company,-I who listened atten- v
tively to his speech, was not so fortunate as q
to hear it; and if his misguided efforts -
should have the effect to deprive this com-
munity of the additional aid. we had hoped C
to receive from the Trust Company, the [
citizens of Leon county will long remem- a
ber Mr. Baltzell's first canvass for Delegate i
to Congress. 8
A CiTzrEN or LEON ComiTY. u
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Governor' t
and Legislative Council of the Territory of %
Florida, That a Bank shall be established in d
the city of Apalachicola by the name of the F4
Bank of Apalachicola, the capital stock M
thereof shall be Five -Hundred thousand
dollars, to be divided into shares of one hin- i
dred dollars, each, aid that the same may i
at any time or times, by a vote of the ma- P
jority of the stockholders thereof, be in- f
creased: to any amount not exceeding in all t
two millions of dollars, which increased 6
capital stock shall also be divided into shares
of one hundred dollars, each. 1
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the a
stockholders of the said Bank, their succes- b
sors or as-igns shall be, and they are hereby 1
made a body politic and corporate, by the a
name and style aforesaid, and by that name r
shall be capable in law to have, purchase, s
receive, enjoy, and retain to themselves, b
and to their successors, lands, tenements, a
and hereditaments, goods, chattels and ef-
fects, of any kind whatsoever to such an s
amount, as the same may be absolutely no- n
cessary to enable the said Bank to pursue
the legitimate objects of its incorporation, a
and the same to grant, sell, alien, and con- s
vey, to sue and be sued, plead and be im- 1
pleaded, answer and be answered, defend
and be defended, in courts of record and ,
elsewhere, and to have and make a com-
mon seal, and the same to break, alter and
renew, at pleasure, and also to ordain, esta-
blish and put in execution such bye laws,
ordinances and regulations as shall seem
necessary and cxpe ient for the government
of said corporation, not being contrary to
the laws of this territory, or the constitu-
tion, or laws of the United Siwacs, and gen-
erally to do and perform such other acts
and things as may be necessary for the well
being of said corporation.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That
books of subscription shall be opened for
the purpose of receiving subscriptions to
said stock on the third Monday of Februa-
ry, one thousand eight, hundred and forty,
at Apalachicola, under the superintendance
of Ciarles S. Tomlinson, Charles Rogers,
Nehsonllawley, John W. Rimldi and Ches-
ter G. llolmea, any two of whom shall be
competent to perform the duties of their
appointment who shall keep opem said books
for the period of sixty days, or until the
stock afore.afid be subscribed for, and shall
give cerificates to all persons subscribing
starting the number of shares sulwribed for.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That at
the expiration of sad sixty day's, or so soon
as the stock aforesaid is tsubwibed for,
it shall be the duty of the said commoission-
ers at Apahichicola to give notice thereof,
and order an election for nin~e DirM-iorsof
s,,aid Company, within three months from
th timoe of opening the books aforesaid and
t the said directors shall serve (ill the first
Monday in January, 1841, but if all said
-stock be not takerb lhen it shall be lawful
for the said comniisioiiers or any t-wo of
(hem at any liroe within one year after the
Spas-.ge of thisB act to give notice thereof by
1 tdvertiftiement mn one of the newspapers ofj
-this Territe'r), and to keep open theirbooks
Sfor the term ef ix month* or until the
- whole of said stock be subscribed for mad no
S See. 5. Be it further cnacted, That o
- soon as the Direetor aforesaid hahll beshe-

f scn, they shall at their first meeting elect a
s President who nuiit be a director, and Paid
r firnt chosen directors, shill forthwitli have
1 and Iake the management of the said eor-
- portion and the d(miic of the said ecnis-
; stoners shall ceaxe upon the day of sid
r cl,-ciion, after they shall have paid over to
I the said dircttors, the money by them re-
ceived, as the first inrtalment, on the stock
subp'ribed for, and placed in the hands of
said directorsthe books of mubulripiiun, pro-
0 vided that mid Bank shall not commence
g operations until the sum of one hundred
- thousad dollars be paid in.
I Sec, 0. Be it further enacted, That upon
A asch share m ubmcrib,d for, there shall be
r paid at the time of xubacrbing ten per
s centum and twenty per centum before the
f Bank shall commence operations, the re9-
1 due to be called In at weh time and In such
, portion as the Board of Dire.torv see pro-
1 per, and should a dtockholder fail to comply
- with the call of the Board of Dirfitowi
e when properly notified thereof, he shall for-
- feit his stock and the sum already paid
n thereon.
c.. 7. Be it further efaated Tha the
- Directors for the time being sWBharepow-
& er to appoint such oflers, clerks and set -
* vent aw may be neeenaxy, and allow them
n such compenation for their erTviem M
y way be reasonable, and shall be fuOiher co-
o pbleM, of exerrdng webpowers aad =the-
i, ttes for the well orderiaS of tl affirs of
Y the corporation so*hail be fixed by the bye
* laws of the OwnM?
of See. S. Be It further enected 7%Mteauk
i- thane dWl be repreamted. by ane vo~e, mad
. Vpo" th OWmum ptidple AM1 a1 the ma-
in ters be decided, that may emae befth a 6o
* ockhoide for their A, !' I m ;7d y
I-Owth~e'dr habq i at d WA Y byr O i at
* atUKMWy andu hoM fy Iwy pOw

* to Vo fet w eBlbeart QWGL


erate sense, conducive to the good of th(
state,?still,whlen carried out by the blin
fanaticism of party feeling, to that extend
which makes its votaries from their .zeal i
the cause they :espouse, change' and shif
their position to suit the fanning of the po
r piular breeze, advocating doctrines the very
to reverse, to those of which they declare
ll themselves the friends, in short prostituting
Their reason, by allowing themselves unre
sistingly to be borne away by the tide o
popularity, unmindful of honor or love o
country, regardless of the very principles
s. which experience has caught them to be
right, and deeming themselves ruled by
the desire to do good, when in fact they are
Entirely governed by the results of their
manoeuvres to deceive the people, they
then hold the doubtful promise of propriety
to the ear, but break it to the sense.
The avoidance of these extremes it is our
intention to arrive at. We set out with the
determination to be under the control of nc
party. We shall discuss abstract political
principles on their own merits, and shall
admit their applicability or not, as they may
bear relation to the well established ge-
neral formulae of government. Let it not
be understood by this that wo purpose being
on the fence. Far from it:-Raise any
question in which our public interests or
private rights may be involved, and our
voice will be decided, fearless, and as unbi-
assed as the endeavor to be so can make it.
So far from it, indeed, that should a candi-
date offer for any office in the gift of the
people, and his views and ideas and princi-
ples correspond with our own, we shall un-
flinchingly .uphold him. We shall not,
however, consider ourselves under his ban-
ner any longer than he may act consistent-
ly in every point with our own notions.-
We shall not, because we once supportted
Shim, conceive ourselves bound to continue
so to do, should he change his views; and
-further, in case he should adhere to the
same course we once were in favor of, but
which may no longer be proper when
brought, to bear relatively to a change of
general-policy-we shall be found opposed
to the man and a friend to the public good.
But the pith and marrow of our motto
lays in this-that no matter how pure in its
pristine beauty--no matter how patriotical-
ly it may have been conceived-no matter
f how beneficial in its intrinsic merits-
Sshould we find any political principle per-
Sverted from its usefulness, by the fanatic
S.zeal of its upholders, though in its abused
Character sustained by those whom we may
have supported, we shall be as warm in our
opposition to the extremes of such policy
as we may have been friendly to a middle
and moderate adaptation of it. And again,
on the other hand, should a party with
. whom we may have differed, advance any
policy which reason and expediencyshould
declare to be correct, we will lend a dispas-
sionate ear to its doctrines, and if convinced
of their merits, will not hesitate to do all in
our power to promulgate them. In medio
tutissimus ibis."
'The Tallahassce Star.
Our friend Col. Joseph Burlington Webb,
of the Star, has announced the receipt of
our first number with a praise as faint as its
typographical execution. He is a plain,
blunt fellow-speaks his own mind, and has
no idea of serving a friend by flattering
his vanity; or else we have no doubt he
would have spoken in unmerited praise of
our first sheet. He seems, however, con-
trary to his general habits, to have been
much excited, because we did not rant and
rave about the rights and liberties of the peo-
plej and urge them to put down locofocoi-m,
whose "tendency is to misrule and confu-
sion." One would have imagined that he
had never seen Apalachy-that he thought
us all here perfectly ignorant of our posi-
tion ; in fact that we were all benighted by
a kind of back woods lethargy, and that we
required to be "stired up with a long pole."
Why, he must have dipped his nether limb

(to use the astronomical phrase) into the
horizon of M. LeBleux,and emerged there-
from under the Dog Star influence of a
-" Tom and Jerry," when he accused us
indirectly Of having no spark of patriotism,
by pursuing a sap sago policy; just as if be
did not know we never wasted our "sweet-
ness on the desert air," and that we detest all
acts of supererogation. The people are all,
right here; they know their interests; we
knew that they did, and it would have
been bombastic to hang out"our banners on
the outward wall," when the enemy had
capitulated. As for our motto, it is a good
one-it can take care of itself. We can
only tell the Star he has misunderstood us;
and.if he ever finds us in dubiis we shall
look up to him with steadfast gaze to show
us the light of his countenance to guide us
out of danger.
The Press.
There is no subject in the defence of
which the mam of men would sooner take
up arms than the much vaunted liberty of
the press; and yet there is no one on which
there isj inore lamentable want of gener-
os feeling and enlightened liberty. Every
patron of ai newspaper seems to have formed
an ide1 view of the duties of its Editor,
and among them that he is to insert no par-
agraph, seateance or Idea which doesn't
embody a epres h own &orie opia-
ion, sal exchade every iem of intelligence,
VW^- vpe" Ot I' Ak a :W.

e coinside with his own. In our own short
d professional career we have been amused
t thongs somewhat annoyed, at the arbitrar;
n dicta and conflicting advice of some of ou
t kind friends-one complains that we havy
- written nothing in favor of Col. Downing
v and the great principles of sound govern
e meant, while another contends that the corn
g munications we have admitted to our col
- umns in his support identify us as his par
f tizan. The unreasonableness of every mai
f expecting our paper or our opinions tc
s harmonize, on all occasions, with his owi
e notions, we shall not attempt to illustrate
r the utter impossibility of doing so, whatever
e might be our wish, is sufficient to banist
r the expectation from every rational mind.
Regarding an attempt to please, at all
Times, all our supporters as impracticable,
we have as little hope that we can at all
r times please ourselves; and we are anxious
I to prevent or remove an impression that,
Sin publishing.contributions, or in selecting
Sthe matter which is to be placed before our
Readers, we are guided by the desire to ad-
vance the popularity of a favorite dogma
or insure the triumph of peculiar principles
We beg leave most distinctly to disclaim
Such an imputation. While our own articles
will always be Written under certain fixed
principles, we trust we shall often insert
contributions highly favorable to the incul-
cation of right feelings and views in regard
to morals and literature, excluding sketches
of wit or humor, only when the religious
or moral tendency is less obvious. So we
shall always be glad to admit political essays
written with temper and ability, though op-
posed to our political views. Our wish is
to exhibit a faithful reflection of the spirit
of our community in its commercial, politi-
cal and social aspects; and in so doing we
expect often to record facts, which, per-
haps, we and many of our readers could
wish otherwise, but which to others of dif-
ferent views may be subjects of high grat-
ification. We regard it as the duty of an
Editor to endeavor, as far as in his power,
to afford a faithful picture of the diversities
and contradictions of opinions of disputed
facts around him, and we know that this
cannot be done if his journal convey but the
sentiments, and the conclusions of the single
individual who conducts it.
But while we claim freedom of the press
for ourselves, and extend it fully to our sup-
porters, we shall carefully exclude every-
thing approaching towards licentiousnessof
the press. The march of this vice of late
years would seem to indicate that mankind
had discovered a much more ready and ef-
fectual method of rewarding their own ac-
quirements with the admiring gaze of the
multitude, than by awaiting the tedious and
uncertain process of decorum and propriety.
In our great northern commercial me-
tropolis, we have seen the licentiousness of
the press carried to so great an extreme,
both in politics and morals, as not only to
impair its reputation for every thing but ta-
lent, but, alas, to cause a general mistrust
and apprehension throughout its wide
spread community. The utmost purity of
private character, or the greatest extent of
public, usefulness, afford no security from
the attacks of the reckless and unprincipled
panders to the foul passions of the worth-
less in that vast city. Every thing which is
commonly held sacred is seized with a ruth-
less hand: our political institutions are ridi-
culed: the characters of the most virtuous
citizens are blasted, and no man can feel se-
cure even for a day from an exposure to
the obloquy and contempt of his fellow-citi-
zens. We find a taste for these libellous
productions of a licentious press growing in
our Southern cities; and consequently that
newspapers like Berwert's Herald are
bought and admired for their flippancy, hu-
mor and talent, in utter disregard of their
gross immorality. We have marked with
equal detestation and disgust, this growing
contempt of just restraint in the press of

our larger cities; and though we know the
force of the adage that" if you wrestle with
a sweep you must expect to be blackened
with soot," we shall on no occasion forego
the duty of holding the vice up to repre-
hension whenever it presents itself.
We have thus thrown out a few desultory
hints on the freedom and licentiousness of
the press, which we shall continue on future
occasions. If they shall in any way con-
duce to the adoption of more liberal views
in the would-be supporters of an indepen-
dent and correct press, we shall felicitate
ourselves in having contributed to the ap-
proach to a true source of mental improve-
ment. A press can only be truly useful to
the public when conducted with indepen-
dence, integrity, and strict regard to moral
propriety; and if these considerations be
lost sight of, it must speedily and fearfully
become a source of evil.

Bank of A|lackleata.
We publish to-day the act of Inaorpora-
tion for this Bank to which we refer our
distant friends. Bank Stock can no where
be more profitable than in this City, and we
hope that a large amount of shares will be
subscribed, so that the Bank may commence
its operations on a large scale.

2X0 la our next we shall notice the St.
Joeeph Times and his Anglo-Amereican-Tex.
lan-Mexican-Montezuma-Ril-Read to Chi-
na-unless he be transported to the an-
tipo"c b*"c them


MARRIED-In this city, on Wednesday eve-
ning, 1st inst. at the residence of Col. Latham
Babcok, by Judge Baker, Capt. Wm. PATT, of
the ship Floridian, to Miss CORNELIA H. BAB-
CocK, of this city. .

Apalachicola, May 1, 1839.
Northern Mail (by Steam Boat,)
Due every Wednsday and Sunday at 12 M.
Closes every Wednesday and Sunday r at 6 P.M.
GEO. F. BALTZELL, Post Matr.
mayl 2

my H2 24 water street Ala d ,

T HE subscribers are agents for the sale
Gaylor's Fire Proof Double Iron Chest
They have a few on hand which they will
at manufacturer's prices.

For Chares Downing, ,
Forirhomas Balizell,
Scattering, .
; Constitution, .. ^,
No Constitution,
Blank, ,
S.. Joseph
For Downing, -
SBaltzeUrn,:- l
batteringng, i;

LIVERPOOL .....................March 22.
NEW-YORK .................. .. 4April 27.
NEw-ORLEANS .................... May 3.
CHARLESTON ...................... May 1.
Apatachicola, May 8,1839.
Whole amount received since 1st
October, 1838 ................ 34,130 bales.
Shipped same time............. 32,070 "'
Export of Cotton from St. Marks, from Oct. 1,
1838, to April 27, 1839, 19,294hales.
Last year, 28,000 "

141 votes
88." "
3 '

116 "
24 "

273 votes
4 "
2 "

40A boxes Manufactured Tobacco, of th
--JI most approved brands; 6 hf. boxes "]
Bridge's Mellow Ridge," for sale by
mayl Sot

apr4 t cy 46 water st., Apalackko..

3 :_ ..Qutincy.
For Baltzell, in "



Ship Harbinger, For New York, Discharging.
Brig Suqnehannah, Loading,
Brig Somerset, do
Barque Atlantic, Liverpool, Loading.
Schr Hudson, for NYork and Providence. Ldg.
Schr J B Woolford, for Newport.
Schr Fisher Ames, for New Orleans.
Schr Orleans, For sale.
Sehr F A Brown Key West,
Sloop ;t Marks, Lightering.

for Daltzll,

Mills' Precinct.

FOR sale an assorted lot of Dry Goof
Shoes, Hats, &c., valued at about $400
(taken fiom a sooner which was wrecked o
the coat) in a sound state, and will be closed
low prices by J. DAY & CO.
mayl 2

32 "
17 ,

31 "

'37 "
' ;2 <"

i "11 "
. 40 "

17 "

O "altzell

For Baltzel,

For Balizell,

to ra.
Por Ba tizell,

For Downing,

"Maj'eri is. "Downing.
Apalachicol f53
St. Joscph, 269
Burgess, 17
Iola, 29
Mills' Precinct,,.
mle e C
Quinicy, ;

ROSS A & 0. ..* ;l
o.w.W nos&. 57 wawteratr
nR. A. BAKER. apr34 1 APwlacnes

10 INDIAN barrels Malaga, Loring's
S brand; also a quantity of Madeira an
Sherry in bottles, old and superior, of favorite
brands, for sale by
mayl 2 40 water street.

HAVANA-Per brig Rhine, 166 cords wood.
BosTo--Per schr Latona, 54 bales cotton, and
9 bales hides.
NEw YouH-Per Schr Clementina-10,000 feet
yellow pine lumber.
Per Sloop Wave-8-19 feet cedar.
MOBMLE-Per Schr St Denis-S-1 sticks cedar.
Hava.NA--Per Schr Russell-8 hhds sugar, 2
bxs do, 90 bags coffee, 69 tcs molasses, 53 bbis do,
3 bbls honey, 33,000 cigars, 9 doz pine apples, to
B Hurd; 2 bags coffee, 28 Ics molasses, p4 bbls
do, to J Day & Co; 100 sacks coffee to T L
NEw ORLEA.s--Per schr Fisher Ames-6-53
pes bagging to Goldstein & Co; 18 hhds sugar,
47 bbls do, 32 bbls pork, 58 do molasses, 56 do
whiskey, 40 bags coffee, 30 bbis flour, 10 hhds
bacon, i box mustard, 12 kegs lard, to order.
Per.schr Hu dson-30 bags coffee, J Logan
6 casks bacon, I1I hhds sugar, 10 bbls pork,
bbls flour, 22 bbis molasses, 2 crates and I hhd
,crockery, 100 bbs whiskey, Raymond & Tal-
man; 10 bbls flour, 6 bbls whiskey, 7 bbls sugar,-
S H Hartshorn: 5 bbis pork, Ellison & Ropes;
10 lihds sugar, 12 casks hams, 21 bbis pork, 10
bbis whiskey, W G Porter; 6 bhds sugar, 15
-hhds bacon, 70 bblis whiskey, 25 bbis pork, 16
bbis molasses, T L Mitchell.
Sr. MARKs-Per schr Megunticook, 2'70 kegs
powder, to Nourse, Brooks & Co.
Receipts from the Interior.
CoLu.Nmus-Per Stdamer Chamois-3 bales
cotton to J W Sullire; 2 bxs mdze to H R Tay-
lor & Co.
CoLrMNcs-Per steamer Siren-19 bales co(-
ton, G head cattle, to J A Herring; I hhd bacon,
I bbl do, 6 sacks corn, to T Orman; I box mdze
to Ellison & Ropes.
Per Steamer Commerce on Saturday-Messrs
T Knigh;, Jenkins, R Scou, Dorsey, Allen,
Geer steamer Chamois-Capt Hubbard and la-
-d, Maj Rag, J M Suuon, Mr Clark and s'VL
Mr FEValdes.
Per steanfer Siren-Messrs W H Young, A
Nesbi, 1 H Blackwood, W Baker, A W Bus G
M IKeLsy. J A Herring, J Screws, 3 Wiggins,
Ca'jpi Brooks.
Cer steamer Oconce-Messrs Smallwood,
Moses, and Pines.
Per Commerce this morning-J M Crosmer
and lady, D R Harris, lady and so, W H Ow-
ens. Mr Howell.


Corner Commerce and Cherry stress ..
apr4 1 cy Ap-b v""
SHOES, HAT*, &c. &e. .
apr24 I cy 47 water st, Apsated&o.

T IIE UNDERSIGNED are prepared t
make liberal advances on consgnments o
COTTON, either for sale, or shipment to their
friends in New YVrk, Liverpool, or Havre.
mayl 2 51 Water street, Apalachicola.

Back Stoolder liable for twice tAe amn' of
Ais stoc.
THE subscribers, Agets of the above Com-
pany, are taking Marine, River and Pire
Risks on the most favorable terms.
mayl 2 Columbus Buildings.

J. DAY & CO.,
aprB4 I 53 Water street, Apideeb

apr24 1 59 Water street, Apdacicola.


- I


W TOULD inform their patrons and all vi-
sitants to this city, that they are posses-
sed of a varied assortment of merchandise, con-
sliting somewhat of the following articles, all
of which are offered for sale upon the usual fa-
cilities of our market.
Dry Goods, Groceries
Hardware and CuUery,
Hats, Boots, Shoes, 4&c,
With a supply of the more substantial articles
of Bale Rope and Baggirg.
These and other articles unnecessary to spe-
cify, are offered upon equal, though we have not
the vanity to say W perir,.termstoour neighbors.
Apalachicola, may 1 8 cy

OfMie, No. 42 Water street, Up Staim.
apr94 lut

S368 192

Downing's majority, 176
We have triumpbhed! The voters 6f
Franklin county have triumphed! Not-
withstanding the unprecedented exertions
mniade in behalf of'Mr. Baltzell-notwith-
standihg the Untirinrg zeal of his partizans,
and-the indolence of his opponents-not-
withstanding the misrepresentations and
calumnies that:have been, used to secure his
election, he-hhaien -defeated and a majo-
rity of nrrr-THn free and independent
electors of 4italchicola have proclaimed
Charles Downing the man of their choice.
The Constitution, too, that" thing of shreds
and patches;" has been" rejected by our citi-
zens, and the authors of this anti-commer-
cial, this anti-republican document have
been severely and justly rebuked. We re-
jice at the success of our favorite candid-
ate, we rejoice at the rejection of the" Con-
stitution,;" lIut we rejoice still mQre because
this success and this rejection afford such
tangible evidence of the overthrow of that
party which has ever been opposed to com-
mercial principles, commercial men, and
commercial measures and which isopposed-
to that wise policy which protects alike the
mereant and the mechanic, the -poor man
and the rich. The boasted influences
of the leaders of that party has been
fairly tested, and the result has, we trIst,
taught them that at least in Apalachicola
they have overrated their strength, and mis-
understood their position. Let us indulge
the hope that they will return to their ori-
ginal obscurity; but should they again come
forward as the champions of radicalism-as
the advocates of doctrines destructive to
commercial prosperity and opposed to the
best interests of the country, we predict for
them a still more ignoble defeat-a yet
stronger expression of public opinion. Let
them be warned in time-we will say no-
thing of principle, but Wce may speak to
them of prudence.
Our Motto.
To be misunderstood has beer the mis
fortune ofalt men both greatand small, from
time imm etfoiial-it appears that we, in
the adoption of our motto, have also been
misunderstood. We shall endeavor, there-
fore, to define our position so that "this
hand-writing oh the wall" may be interpre-
ted with reference to the meaning and con-
&trussion which we give to it, and according
toi. oWeaa thereof we are willing to be
judged. -The literal translation (which to
' Ur Latin friends may be uselew, we never-
Sheless givea) isthat in.the middle course
there is the greatest safety. It has been
generally admitted that extremes in any
.tog 4graise as4o-be suticidal, ad therefore im-
op 4 ibelf when carried to ex-
tremifty may cove to be virtue, or at leat

frata rance^. witheat Ranilfuvrton~ar
plie. 1%, exti-
iWgiouo" eue orper
''.Mudc(Minagtg p~a~il e> or meta-
:-y g* cn Kextre.me or tdera

to_ d.ee..d

apr 4 I


Ofiee up stairs, 28 water strel ,

D URING my absence from the ity, MAR
TIN SNYDER is myn authorized at
apr23 39 wM. H. WILD .


2 5a hhds. N. 0. Sugar.
28,000 lbs. Bacon, Cincinnati cured,
consisting of sides, hams and shoulders.
10 bbis. Mess Pork-
17 do. N. O. Molasses.
100 bb%. superfine Flour, landing per schr.
Talma from New Orleans, and forsale
low for ah, by

AX THE superior ast sath af dw. ME&
GiNTICOOK, Mayo mer, hMkas
enure cargo eu ad will sal na a
few days. For passage, viag periraco-
modaUsos, apply on board, or to
my83 51 Watr cml

ap.S* I

J. DAY & CO.

O ARS.-Remaiaing on hand, and to-be sold
low to close he consigamen, a small quaa-
ay of well made Oars, by


Brig Rhine, Hawkins, for Harana in b3tllas,
Harper & Holmes.
SchrS iDents, Williams, for Mobile-moaster.
Schr Clemeniina, Taylor, for New York-
Schr Latona, Dexter, for Boston-Ellison &
ITIsMoop Marshal, Sicib, for St Marks-L Bab-
Sloop Wave, Banzaby, for New York-mas-
Schr Russell, Cone, 4 days from Havana, to
B Hurd.
Schr Hudson, Clifl,3 days from New Orleans
-:o master.
Schr Fisher Ames, Walton, from New Or-
Schr Megunticook, Mayo, from St Marki--to
Schr J B Woolford, Allen, from Pensacola-
Steamer Chamois, Morton, from Columbu:.
Stei.mer Ion, Wood, from the De"o.
Steamer Siren, Leonard, from Columbus.
Steamer Oconec, Harris, from Columbus.
S:camwr Irwinon, Brown, for Irwinton.
Sterzmer Commerce, Smith, for Chiuahochee.
S&c mer S::ca, Icnrd, for the Depot.
steamer Oconc, Harr.-, fr the L)pot.
Stwcmer Ion, Wood, for the Depot
Brig Florida, Phillips, arrived at New York,
toVi ult, from this port.
Bnag Fvoritc, Uorham, arrived at New York
thli uft. from this pIXn.
Schr Veto, arrived at Boston 22d ull. from this
Schr Pallas,% HaskeU, arrived al New Orleans
2Bih uh. from this pot.
Brig Floindas, Puillps, was up at New York
27th uli. to sail 30ih for thbis port.
Schr. Romp, Fraud, cleared at Havana, 90th
ult. for this port.
Schr. Phebe El sa, Bedell, arrived at New
York 23d t.ll from this port.
8chr. Flora Jenkins, arrived at New York
4h ult. from this po.
eSchr. Dover, Cuni, arrived at New York
95th ult from this port,.
Sch Talma, Burws, and David Rogers,
Morgan, were up at New Orleans, 3d tinst for
this port. ***
Schr Gen Jackso, Jacobs, was t .Charles-
too Ist inst for this port. *
Brig Mary Ktgmbe. Coradcn, sailed m
Cbariuon 30th t u.or tfhu port.
CBri Te Herbert, arrived at New York
tath U this
Br L aa, arkaeacloearedatNewYTork
.33d k for ihs port.
Brig Elemanor, James, was up at Balkimore 97t
lt. br this port.

THE pa-ket skip HARBINGER IX
PrAt Maer, vw sail 15th Maa. Pw
a -frci&h or pisuagc, aply to the Ctaftaik
cc board, or to
mayl 9 DODGE, KOLB & McKATY,
i T I fine fam saiUzq wboamr OIL.
LEANS, as *heBlio a tthe wa.t
Apply to
mayl t ROBERT MYRES, Afo.


Ghip PLORIDIAN, (ew) W Prnaw -m-.
Ship -, (nw) J 8 Dcam
Ship WASH. IRVlO P W LWa, do
Ship-- (new Ta dt, 4o
These vesselsmoare o drQ& of vafr.
buill expre~dy for the trade, o( bmt nrili.
copper and appeared wth aabmM
a00:4 and w l pa cambw as 4&
rereised. The price of M- z is 0S io
liquors. All goods forward o tb kr'41er
In New York will be sh ippefree ft o( mc
46 water Ap-6ctx4
apr4 I cy 84 s anh at. New York.

IA SACKS heavy Weste-m CORN, for
0V sae by
May 3 40 wawer arooL

-- f9 ln HT 'a 8"amer Com-
^ .^-.g p merce, Capt. James
.y s Q Y. Smith, has now com-
menced Inakinghr trips with 4e United &tag
M .:), Twice a Week, from Chanaboochee to
'his place. She will leave Chauahoochee every
Tuesday and Friday at 8 P M, arrive a! Apt-
lacHicra every Sundy and Wrdnesday by 19,
h':avc Apalachicla every Sanday and Wednesa-
d-y at 8 P M, and arrivhat Chattahoochee every
"Tueday and Friday by 2 P M. For fre!gh'l or
n.wage apply to the C p-ixn on bard, or to
A. T. BENN TT, 98 water st.
apM I cy Apalachicola.
N. B. In case of any aockident to the Com-
meree, the new steamboat LOUISA will be
placed in the service.

OPULENCkL MN & m. a&
Brig F JR-. edi l d.
Behr. CAROLINq M. TROlLi Tyfr, d.
JEOLUS, Jmao, Wfatr.
Theae voems are an of dt e to m*ta, fht
dravth, aAU ba erpmidr lx tr ada, d.
wil fl reg uey ads ttvb den gou e.W
-maaia fo for dand ar n-mm
ded by s"ildla
Ply to JT.OUt
as Waln a Yor.
aprt st W'aer ttr-S *r s.

Of TrcA 9A00,0u0 i pWd4 i, i awiedM in
Ban*k Socks, and the baUmesi ia a cwuru of
payaent, by mWeaWky in"meints.'
B Y the act of Incorporation, the prop of
each Stockholder is bond, to the amou
of his stock, for all contracts made by the Coa.
pony, while he is a Stockholder, and & rsi
months afrter-wards; which makes timhe actual -o.
xponsibility of the ls iMttlko eqal to Two.m&,
The present number o Aoetaroaler is two
SRwriwtfewn gk fiv Lswl.
S a M om, i the the aared
be dear, advantage s oaf be lafcca af-gr
men l o*Al oB"
wlamrma, A fire, and ma Marm Bad
Inln Nav My be *ce edc
Uam, poary or b at h e r a
any t eCZm AAg.le T, s ta at f
Ibsrance wai be as woraMe as hawof4 tg
good aos. Ou aham by A
wi )jUwtar ft ajiR n area r om

0HMA & MkTC;AnLF, Prw~a&K.h,
WAL T. Okm emwr An.

AnewT &u", JOM It A*A&iM&,
eXCv J.w -fuuk ji WI1 3-ftrfxly
....,... ".. O.. iK
An4 DYA w ^h
x#M~~ ~ t 1a 46tl "

fr -r




-1 :o .

!.: -, .. ,. -
'Ain medio tutissimus ibis."

i rjr By the advice and at the desire of ou
Patrons here, we have -sent the Coureiwler t
many at a distance, and shall consider a
such as subscribers unless the paper is re
turned to us.

HAPR1ISN & iANti "'*, 1
COMmIst Wa t ER Cqtlnid,
mpyl 43 water tw Anr->^^ ~


8 AL T.
100 bSACKS Liverpool ground, for sale
mayl 2 40 water street.

85 000 FEET for ae, in s to
Suit purchasers.
april l i f S. H. HARTSHORNE.

THE bouse and lot in Commerce st.
formerly occupied by us. The house
is 30 by C0 feet, and two stories high,
s near the office of the Apatachicola
Land Company, well situated for business.
myl 43 wvaer street.

Ise, rt |& jf

mD*as ot ,aui, .-.ma MAamBst e

Ai 4a r8b s
eAsbmae-ia .

s0mm D-O) M tO ak o h4rI

'"^"^DODO%, ROiLftjlrKAr,
arm I1W4

**^fWmm womAfa^ '. 7*& -T-^^_^^U,
OUT ad, ^^^* -9 ^^^^
-of^^^ tat1^^^L^^^.^RU

PILOT Baln& ,

DOtO4, KB0d, MeKAY,
Owyl2 0Wa rOW 1

J"- fDL S


A FEW casks best BURTON #LE a
200 SEED, part "Gulf Hills." '-"
100 bbis. POTATOES, in prime-order,
Just received and for sale by I
mayl 2 40 water sttee.

I- -`

Dr. T. H. THOMPeOgr,"
myl 2 Ng. IMM&NO paadeoa



T BALES prime Northern fAY, f
Sale b
mayl 2 40 water street.

U. R.WkkR & Co I -
myl 2SB water st. Apaao
Cotton Pators and CTmOmlmie n"
myl 2 51 Water rest, Aoolecbh
apr24 1cy 51 water st., Apa hielaf .

apr24 1 cy 40 water st, Apolacola
Office up stairs, 99 water meet, .
apr24 1 cy Alalaekt'



Office up stairs, 18 water sMrMe,
apr"t Icy Ape
'gThe fine well boilt Brtlh teqa AT-4
SLANTC, Wl take a cargo fe Uv
pool or other British pot. For fiWe
ipply to Captali T. Sealth, or to
apr24 1 NOURSE, BROOKS & 4M.

&S}i9 fIrtifl

Soils of EBal vey superior
s 0y article, will be X low to close
sales, byo GOLDSTEIN & CO.
mayl 2 Columbus Buildings.

ON cowsloaasuse.
90 So Fd d of superior
qiiy, wll be (Mo f
myl 2 48 VONr AlUW

I --W


I -


aprS4I cy Apala tans '
aprsl tcy Aacicoab ',


















CHAIRS-Dark bronzed,
Green, do.
Red, do.
Chocolate do.
Dark Gil,
Yellow do.
Rose Wood,
'. Bannister back, Maple,
o .... Common do.
o' ,Windsor,
Boston, (large and small.)
Misses Chairs, also,
Cane and Wood bottom Settees, for sale by
apr24 1 40 water street.


DR. P HLP&rJ |

OW I '5S.
A NEW AN INA.8B MEDCIN FORt .l4 ..A- a A-ImQ '-
ROM f ^ ,,^.
IMPURITIS OF T f tOl: ^ ^ ^ w
Morbid SecreUons of the LIVER ad 8TOM#ClK *
As a Cathartic in IF'EVERS and all B1LIOUS AFFVCTIO'NXI
THESE popolai Pills being a combination of a newlydiscovered Alkalinsat auk
.xtracted from the TOMATO PLANT, with other vegetable substase-m J :
lave been found to modify and diffuse its effects, are believed to be the best Ai8* *#iW
ind Cathartic Medicine ever discovered. They have been abubdatly and s eC4r,--
fully tried, and have received universal approbation for Srofa, D pepsa, mfi'tw .
Bilious Diseases, Gravel, Rfheumatism, CReighs, Colds, JznfiuMa, Catarrh, INer"M
Diseases, Acid ,Stomachs, Glandular Swellings of all kinds, OCstivedw, CVNfe
Headache, &c.
They are an antidote to Contagious and Epidemic diseases ; preventthe formation of
Bilious and Liver affections, Fever and Ague, &c., in those who resile in hot climatms
and low and marshy countries, and are the best Catharti that can be used for those lcal f -
ities. Seamen will find them an infallible remedy for the Sotmvi ; and Travell4rs, ll
best medicine they can use to counteract the dangers of exposure in unhealj elCU
mates. For ordinary FAMIL Y PH YSIC, they are universally approved, as the bot
ever offered. .
As a DIETETIC or DINNER Pill, one taken ,half an bour after dinne, ,04
sufficiently stimulate the digestive powers of the stomach to a healthy and invigorated
action, and they are found extremely serviceable for those who indulge in oeg dinners,
or late suppers, or immoderately in desserts or fruit.
The peculiar virtues of the Tomato Plant, have forit long time attracted the atten-
tion of the Medical profession and the Public; and a lively interest-has recently been
directed to the future development of its active powers, and its Anlibiliows and ,Aer-
ative qualities;-which the Proprietor is now happy in being a&l tgratify--and pre-
sents hiz Pills to the Public, with the full confidence of their beig 4Ae woo safe, and
valhble remedy ever discovered ;--adapted to all case, where Nature is disturbed,
and when any of the functions do not perform their NATURAL OR HEALTHY ACT-roI.
Numerous certificates of cures, from those who have taken them, and the to*imo.
of several Physicians, who have prescribed them, all concur to corroborate this opin-
ion.-The rapidly increasing demand for, and the uhiyversil approbation bestowed upon
them, is an additional evidence of their merits and usefulness.
In presenting this article to the public, the proprietor was influenced by the bop&
that a medicine prepared with much care7 and strict regard to the C i
and Therapeutic properties of its several ingredient should take the place o" the
thousand and one irr-esponsible nostrums of the day, with which the country is
-and from the favor already bestowetd upon it by physoans and others, be
justified in expecting this result. ,
tir For a full account of this intereasng dineovey, mods of & &N o
pamphlets, which ma*y be had gratis of all w;o w theM Pdla. .
None an genuine without the written 4natun o f ELM L M. DS la-
Hartford, Conn. 4
Orders for these Pills directed to the Proprtor, omi (p id,) o
HOADLEY, PHELP., & Ca Wholesal Oregiaf42Wal-str Nw-Yodh <^Mm|
forwardin, events,) will be promptly atteaded to. ".
Sold by *uthorixed Agents in most of the'citie and to- in the United States.
fjr N. B. As anohr and a very krmt article, has recently been adveir ed ,uder the hMd of
710a=61 ]V," the public will Me the aecesity of being particular to "mmri ftr "PrI P1
C1&ispond Tomat Pxils" Price 371 &Wd 75 cerit per box.
HAnTrOD, July 12,1838,
This may certify, that I have been for the last 18 months in a very feeble state of health
with loss ofapletitic, pepiLation of the heart, almost constant sickness of the stomach, vomttig,
and head-ache; and to all Utis was added frequent and severe attacks of J1Ae x "tii. I had
comsulied several physicians, and taken their remedies, (and among other things, frequently ;
large qu:.ntics ofcadom4,) but without much relieC I had tried numerous other popular reme-
dies which are recommended for such complaints, (as Brandreth's rills, &c.) and various
things which my friends advised, but still without any relief. A friend of mine recommtended
Dr. Phelps' Tomato Pills, which I tried, and to the astonishment of myself and friends, produc-
ed almost immediate relief, and one box has completely relieved me of all those complaints, and
I am now able to uttered to my daily -ibor and business. During the time I was taking the
Pills, I voided large quantities ofwormv, from which I have suffered most of the time foryears,
but have not been tro-ibled with them since. My daughter, who has been for a long time af-
flicted with a violent cough, pain in the side, palpitation of the beaen, with general debi"ly,
lossofappetile and strength, &c. has also bsen very much beefitted by the use of one box of tie
Pills. They are the only medicine which has given her any relief, although she has take thm
prescriptions of screral physicians, and various other medicines, during the last six months.
(Sgned) J: .DARLIMG..
C~icxorX FALL*, Oct. 22d. 838
DocT. G. R. PamLPs-Dear Sir: Having heard much said of late in favor of your Con-
powd T~ov Pills," I have been induced to give them a trial la a varied of diseases for
which they are recommended, and which have occurred in my practice, a=8 1 mast say, that I
am bo:'er plesfd wilh them than with any medicine I hare ever Used. I have given fio m as
a Cal.arlic, in the Bio.i s affectioas which usually prevail at this season of the ysif, and sbo
a.s an dalternatire in Liver and othcr G(avtdtlar obstructi, ; nd ahink uk hu4p-e more in
bringing about regular and heahhy secrtioxs, than any medicine with w bh i d: equaatnted.
I have long believed ibe Tomato to possess Deobstruent and Anii-Bilious aroveie as a n am-
dimcni-and in its use as a medicine that belief has been frilly c-t blishad "I fEnd the= topos-.
sess powerful Ditreiic proper'.ies alo,--as I prescribed them in two cases ofdropsey(cme of
them a very severe one,) with decided good effccu in tAh-the urtnary discharge; were, in-
creased from half a pint to two galleons within the first forty-eight hours after 1 ooiaenced
using the Pills,, and the patient is now in comfortable health.
I have now buL two boxes of Pills on hand, and shall be lost whm they are gone, s I ne
thearin almost aUl cases where I want a cathartic. Respetully yours, __
For sale wholesale and retail by B. S. HAWI.EY, 27 Water street, Apalachicobt.
--- --- __ --- i --- -- .... -- ---- *pg-._-- -. ...- ,

C USTOM has established the practice of
rendering a programme of principles, pro-
fessios and terms, on the part of thse who
would esray to cater for the public appetite in
(he way of news, and who would seem ,-he gui-
dance of public opinion through the medium
of the press, as preliminary to their debut before
such public. Nor should such a course be
deemed arrogant or obtrusive, but On the con-
trary, proper and apposite, and in every sent
due to the public wish and discretion.
The rapid adv.-ncemeni of the preemat age, in
all thsa b-longs to political economy, the refine-
ment of Iheraturr, and the science of morals,
whilst it furnishes a powerful and pleasing stim-
ulant to mental enterprise, al the same time ad-
monishes both writer and reader, of the high
importance of being well prpared alike to im- 4
pari and receive, these great principles, which
sustain the free institution of our country, and
to tread lightly upon the sacred mounds oai.er-
saure, lest the rebuking spirit of %owe dep>r.ed
scholar, should blast our vaulting ambition,"
and put to shame our ignorance.
Upon the conductor of a press in Florida,
there would seew to devolve a two-fold respon-
sxibility. The Territory is young in aW"e nd ex-
perts-nee, and rapidly seiilcinK wih a diversified
population, whose educ-loo .nd manners have
ben ca-, in a variev of m',ili, 9lo that, whilt
one por'ion of the community, may require the
gentle food which nou ishes youth I dl inexpe-
rience; the other, tiom their intelligome m d
wisdom, wrill demand the suo.ntabias of research
and reflection.
It will then be the poW of the Star" to
labor for the general diorsioa of knowkde,
under the motto of wisdom which we have
adoptd, and which was uttered by the great
fat her of his Country* and ajumin'g ;his broad
and unexceptiomable ground, its come in poli-
tics, will be directed by inciple-.ree from
party bias, and "* a natural coawuence strictly
The near approximation of the Territory to
her appropriate, p- c among the States of the
UniBM. rl'ct < I I "lv,,1l .... rem in her
welfare, and is throwing "po thesmrfa of
popular excitement, a vart varey of conflicdng
prncil-.,, c 1 mu., ualumuiely settle dow
into broad and dutinti Unrs of nrty poutics.
In thc present pomure ofafmfi r, the conductor
of the Su'" will deem it prudent, to await the
imse, to which allusion has jm beenu made, ere
he marks out dstilnely his poltcl course;
aoantime, advocatg and sdahi m W he weU
established and w =oie iftinuwons of the
country. and strirIng to give imch direction to
to the popular wilL as beet to promise and uphoU
the Repubican principles of the conederacy.
In acknowledjani of a wand prhudpe, ad-
vanced by ome whote vfWim wat hi a- fidd
by insrpirtio ; to wit.: Tha vr idea of the
power ad the right of the IiinS ato evambsa
dividual to obey the ebtfafd, gowe m"
sad viewmi og om POaNV ga m-Mq iM-ff
harly the parent and proeclfr of tisa uk
Territory, nei~praMpt admialsarulo wft bet wip.
Mlred in Ibi llmdn ftsas re (t # r-ma
policy, wfctUs ever "m polt amw tu NwigM
,a aetkM by the coaut&on or the 0o try
appropriate qawtau library wA *ldbimiin-
eow summer; tor wl the 1 raft Cot*er" ^o
"mart arO r every ft!e C OXAM,, imr"7-
am otf Its f burcftlfa MNW. o ON Ga Rut,
thamU GoaikB ani Ltaram mys AflW'
tdM Ce~rMh Cafok4 aMd CGUMO-Cawju -40
Arts poh& IN gTbi--H more, Jy AjrWi~m1K,
lie as 1W aftpiir At "- 6811- as VW%
infeyt MM|- tvibitt o ^t
Mifi ftnefts^T ^^ 0 Bi SMa
Rdambi --- AL--- Vo-- *-*T --^

'St. Augustine, Feb. 18, 1839.
At a meeting of the Board held this day, it
was resolved
That this Company having a portion of their
stock -surrendered, to them in pursuance of an
amendment to their charter passed in February,
1838, are prepared to receive applications for
their stock at par, on the pledge of bonds and
mortgages upon approved, unincumbered, real
and personal estate,, held in severalty; in Florida
to the amount of ($1,000,000) one Million Dol-
lars, at their office at Apalachicola. A loan for
as long a period as the mortgages have to run
will be made upon the stock tO the amount of
three-fifths its par value,--so soon as arrange-
ments can be made, and it be ascertained what
amount is wanted. One half the amount of one
million dollars, will be apportioned to Middle,
and one half to West Florida, and no one indi-
vidual will be allowed to subscribe more than
fifteen thousand dollars of stock. Proposals must
be accompanied by a certificate of appraisal from
duly appointed commissioners, and also by evi-
dence of title, and all applications must be made
prior to the 1st day of June next. The property
must be unincumbered and appraised to be worth
double the amount of the mortgage. Address
George Field, Cashier, Apalachicola, Fa.
A. M. REED, Secretary.
The So. Life Ins. & Trust Co. commenced
its operations in November, 1835, and has been
gradually extending them since, as the wants of
the community required, and the situation of the
Territory would justify. It has been the policy
of the Directors, so to distribute their loans and
business as to aid both the agricultural and com-
mercial interests, and this policy will continue
to govern them in their future business. Facil-
ities for obtaining capital at the same time that
they create healthful competition among mer-
chants and factors, thus enabling planters always
to realize at home a fair price for their products,
afford the best guarantee for a speedy increase of
active population, and these facilities, it will be
the object of the Company to afford. How far
the Directors have succeeded in attaining these
objects they leave the public to judge. An office
"of this Inslitution will be soon established at
Tallahassee, where stock holders in middle
-Florida could receive their dividends and trans-
act their business. The Institution bas thus far-
by pursuing the policy before described been en-
abled to divide, among the share holders ten per
cent per annum or five per cent semi-annnally
and they hope by a steady adherence to such
business, and requiring such securities, as they
deem perfectly safe, to divide this amount re-
Office So. Life Int. & Trust Co.
Branch Apalachicola, March 21, 18"9.
GEO. FIELD, Cashier.
So. Life Ins. & Trust Co. Fla.

TO regulate the licensing of Drays, a d the
rates of drayage, in the city of Apalachi-
cola. ,
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Councilmen of the city of Apalachicola in coun-
cil convened, 'That after the passage of this or-
dinance, no person or persons shall be allowed
to keep for use any dray or cart, within the ju-
risdi&ion- of this corporation, or use, or allow
the same to be used, without having first obtain,
ed a license therefore, from the clerk af the city,
under a penalty not exceeding ten dollars, at the
direction of the Mayor, for each and every day
such dray or cart is used without such license,
upon conviction before the Moyor, one half to
be paid to the prosecutor, and one half for the
use of the city.
Sec. 2. And be it further ordained by the au-
thority aforesaid, that it shall be the duly of the
Clerk, on application of any respectable person,
and after the payment of eleven dollars, (ten
dollars for the use of the city, and one dollar for
drawing said licence) to issue a license to said
applicant for one horse and dray, or cart, for the
term of one year, and on no condition shall a li-
cense be issued for a longer or shorter term, nei-
ther shall said license be transferrable or used
any other person or persons than the one in
whose name it shall have been issued, under a
penalty of not exceeding twenty dollars, at the
discretion of the Mayor, to be collected and ap-
plied as provided for in see. 1 of this ordinance.
Sec. 3. And be it further ordained by the au-
thority aforesaid, that the clerk of the city shall
record and insert in all licenses issued, the num-
ber thereof, and it shall not be lawful to use or
allow to be used, any licensed dray or cart, with-
out first having the number of said license pain-
ted in a clear and distinct, with black numbers,
on a white ground on the outside of each shaft of
such draw or cart, under a penalty of not excee-
ding ten dollars, at the discretion of the Mayor,
and forfeiture of license, to be collected and ap-
plied as provided for in sec. 1 of this ordinance.
1st. From and to any par of Commerce or
Water streets, the sum ofriwenty-five cents.
2n. From Water street Io leny part of the city
not extending beyond Broad street, the sum of
thirty-seven and a halt cents.
3d. From Water street to any part of the city
. beyond Broad street, the sum of fifly cents.
Sec. 5. And be it further ordained by the au-
thority aforesaid, that of any person driving a
horse and dray or cart, shall charge, or attempt
to exact more than the rates laid down in sec. 4
of this ordinance, the owner, or owners thereof
shall be fined in a sum not exceeding ten dol-
lars, at the discretion of the mayor, with forfei-
ture of license, to be collected and applied as pro-
vided for in sec. 1 of this ordinance.
Sec. 6. And be it further ordained, that all or-
dinances conflicting with the provisions of this
ordinance be, and the same are hereby repealed.
D. B. WOOD, Akyerpro. teIm.
R. CRocrrK'R KER, Clerk.

05 CASE0 EsILA&PICKLES, half gall.
WtW TS.f i
.._egs Pick'ies,
--U.Cfases Mushroom Catsup,
10 0 0c, -T-omato" do.
5 do. FMesh Sardines,
Just rertived. and'for sale low for cash, bv
aprl 1 I Water sy.el4Apalachicola.
iAn TiERCES'ime quality, for sale by
apr24 1 40 water street.

MW -kSfcriber, in proposing tlie re-estab-
JL Hshment of the 8outliern Review, deems
-it unnecessary to refer tothe history-of lhaL Work,
which is already in the possession of the public,
or to dwell -6n the high esti-ation in'which it
was held both at home and abroad, during the
period. of its continuance.;, Suffice it to say, .that
its career, though brief, was," as all admit, bril-
liant-creditable to, the South-and to the whole
American Union. Its failure-the subject of
mive~rsal' regget, was.owi ng, it is well known,
not to A Lfitution 6T talent and public spirit,
but arose'p, from its limited circulation, which
was by-n adequate to sustain a work of
such inagajnude, and "2nd, from the political dif-
,ferences which agitated the country about the
itime of its dis.continuance, dividing the friends
-of Southerm Literature into two great parties,
and preventing that harmony of.opinion and co-
operation in'the discussion of leading questions
which is desirable in a work professedly devoted
to th,,p atus0 ob the South and the whole South.
it is prWer to consider, first, the utility of
Reviews, regarded as organs of the iterary
spirit and.opinions, of the age, and secondly,
the importance and neceisityiof establishing
such-a work at the South, at the .present time.
Onr the first point, it is scarcely necessary to say
much, in the present advanced stage of periodi-
cal LOeratare. Ably conducted Reviews are the
0fisp go6f 4"igh state of ciVilizatiot and are
the-best evidenee'inow-a-days'thai 'can be fur-
nished of intellectual advancement and the prev-
leqneeof4-a Ture. and ,levatLed philosophy. The
last half century -has produced few authors of
eminence either inwGreat Britain or in Ame-
rica, iiwcomparison with ihe half century that
preceded it, and ther-easf prob-tbly is,-not that
there'has.i Be a*-want of-geniuntalent and schol-
arship Ain this confessedly intellectual age, but.
simpty-be e .distinguished scholars have'found
a readier and a- better organ through'which to
act dire o'bithe public mind in Reviews, than
through a m ediu .i-of book*--he o-ld more
tedious and-more expensive method If, there-
fore, it bestked, what evidence is or can be fur-
nishked-9iheisuperior intelligence and progress
of the present century,-a progress of .wnicn we
are so aim to boast,-the reply; is, that it is to be
found in the high character of the Q.uarterly
Rdevtwf-abroad-and athome. Ifit be affirmed,
that we have no'native titerature in this country,
andFIltQrWeaoi6 materials to furnish the *round
work for Reviews,, the-answer is, that our Re-
view8t, eqstitute our native literature, and that if
learning and scholarship are sought for, they are
to be found in our Reniews, which- therefore
-shwd be warmly and firmly supported, as an
evideice,'and a. fai one, of our literary preten-
sionsand -p" national character. Besides, no
..us, "it *ay be safely affirmed, has con-
tributed so much to. el-o talent, to awaken lit-
eruy a nipous, and to produce the highest order
of fine an powtful writing, as" the establish-
.ment'of Review, and many individuals have
bet-F-Simulated to extraordinary efforts, and been
subsequenitry known far and wide to fame, in
coaseqehee '0f'the opportunities they -have en.
joyed and imup e,' of contributing successfully
" to works 6f4so influentiall and highly respectable
amharacter-individuals, who,-otherwise, in all
probability, would never have -been tempted o
--lst-their strength on the-literary arena with such
compeuttor as they (Would be likely topneet there
-The great aim.of Reviews is, to discus-sub
je;& leaedly, thoroughly, profoundly-in such
a manner as to bear uponthe wholesocialsystem
and'produce a broad, deep and permanent ini.
prjesson upen'thegeneral -character of a people
IT -Wo0dr,;thieir'objeit is-to diffuse knowledge
nr4YlofoeWr prejtdiee"-to create, direct and con
trol-.:not t6 echo0opinions--to produce beneficia
chrgles upo a large seale--not to perpetuate, oi
even tolerate existing abuses. It is obvious
theref6r,f thit while, in theinfancy of Americap
literature, a spirit' of indulgence has been fel
andrexended to the faultsof our lIghtei'periodi
cals, which aye raijdly issued from tHe press, and
wtcn have! served as vehicles often for the at
tempts of the mere literary debutant, QOuartefly
Reviews, having higher aims to accomplish, and
intending to represent and embody, in the mas
powei-r, ashl -ttactivwe form, the opinions onl]
of'e e miost lightened minds, should be con
dnected, with a scr-upulous regard to ihe purest
prmdpe of tate, and to the elevation and ad
vse~mei~t" f oar literary and national elcharc
ter. t ''"
Inrespec-to-the importance and neceskit o
etbisgsuch a .work at te South at the pre
neat tiune,[lbere ca be little doubt' in the mind
of our ,discerning and public spirited citizens
'W,_Ust have such a work, or fall behind th,
spirit bif the age,'which is of a ipre-eminently in
qm Wv and'enterprising character, and thb
Sitth should have sntch~a work, not only fron
moti.es of ilerary pride and emulation, in orde
to keep pace witlh tle respectable advances of th,
other wide, intelligent, and thriving sections o
dfie Americ~an repbilic, but also because th,
Soath has, at thefpeet period especially, certain
great and lending.interests of its own-to promote
which c~an 16.mot effectually sutbserved throng]
die nst.omentality -of such a periodical. 1
firo nesa r. to raise the war ery again
olfher poriiousof the .Union who mmy feel dia.
posed, as tlley oftendo, to differ from us in thei
viewms of-our agricultural, Commercial and l(
Utca iterestS, but it is important, highly so, thi
we sbtoud take our southern position firmly i,

t%: -pesent attitude of our national affairs, ;ta
" owfflb6IflM rdilo be clearly knowt and rader
ttood, both at home and abroad; that we shouk
be ready to defend, ourselves and our institution
from all covert oropen assaults; that we shonl
meitain the principles of the Federal Comstitu
t its original intention, with a firm and un
jliebigfspiriU, and promote the cause of a par
ad' e.evtd, literature by all the inducement
that .en be hV9 .mt to stimulate the ambition an
P~i* oB.Jp ] gM and chivalric people.
P" opdCr bibaiAve4ween frequently made hen
fpwe for.. the revival of the Southeru Review
"hith al ,gnately have not been crowned wit
dOt an'i'tl was hoped orf aticipated fc
fcf& Deret causes nave been assigned fa
ii 'tili1e.Wf .thmee projects, but the leading on
idoubtedlyk is the neglecting to avail ourselve
of a very O.V 0" state of the public feeling b
followi~tlp .eTwl dgested I plas 3Vth vigorous
and Aq!Er. -jct .- We have sit sti--oIblde
f "md a' eosed our eyes, and then hav
i plbm ob universal apathy. I is believed
lAd a the Ptset momieni, A v6r ep generi
80" 9 'etrpemvdes the Biottern eoM
-ai,'9r any rate, the modt inffveal poa
y^S'^to ~ ".t~fHand place Am 9f *ervf
^*'fi fi~lo *Tfa r' Revkw or th
Jihe-lto l khis behalf, ie. will nave reason to u

It 'ilti~~l ttl ech-trturof the eon
jl r wgk shaft eaMiB t iMt tyt Ilirar
k-16-11 L-00-1- ow n twreM.-

TIHE Subscribes would inform his friends
and the public in general, that he has com-
menced t;e business of Coiton Broker and Com-
mission Merchant, in the City of New York,
and is now prepared to receive Cotton, and other
produce intended for this market, which he will
dispose of on commission, and flatters himself,
that from long acquaintance in the Northern and
Southern markets, he shall be enabled to give
satisfaction to such as may feel disposed to pat-
ronise him, not only in the gale of their produce,
but in the investment of any part of the pro-
ceeds, they may order or direct.
No. 60 Water-street, N. Y.
R. W. Williams, Saml. Reid, Gov. Branch,
Tallahassee; Jas. Lanier & Co., Quincy; J. B.
Collins, Monticello; W. J. Bailey, Magnolia;
W. G. Porter, Apalachicola; Craig & Daffmn,
St. Joseph. -
April 24,1839.


..m THE proprietor of this establishment
ffs4T begs leave to inform his friends and
H ['fLfe patrons that he is this season better
S prepared to accommodate them, than
at any previous period since he has been engaged
in the business. During the past summer he has
repaired and refitted his premises, and having
completed all his arrangements, respectfully so-
licits the patronage and support of his country
friends, and the travelling public generally, and
gives assurance that no efforts shall bW spared on
his part, to contribute to the comfort of such as
favor Aim with their custom.
: Families are informed that they can-be fur-
nished with separate apartments, and that an
entrance has been constructed by which they are
enabled to be entirely private.
Since the occurrence of the fire at the Caro-
lina Hotel, some few years since, by which the
proprietor lost a considerable quantity of Wine,
he has succeeded in replenishing his stock, having
collected a fine assortment of old wines, and first
quality liquors, which he can recommend with
confidence. ANGUS STEWART.
April 24.

Gantainmig Quarterly Faskion Plates, Mivslrated
Articles, ifc., ifc.
IN commencing a new volume, the publisher
would take occasion to observe, that not only
will the same exertions be continued, which have
secured to his subscristion list, an unexampled
increase, but his claims upon the public favor
will be enhanced by every means which unceas-
ing endeavor, enlarged facilities, and liberal ex-
penditure can command.
The subjoined is a brief plan of the work :-
ITS ORIGINAL P.PERns will be so varied as to
form a combination of the useful with the enter-
taining and agreeable. These will embrace the
and POETR- which may deserve the name.
It is the publishers design to make the Visiter
agreeable to the old and the young-to the sedate
and the gay--to mingle the valuable with the
amusing--and to pursue the tenor of his way
with the entertainment of good feelings towards
TERMs.-The Visiter is published every other
Saturday, on fine white paper, each number will
contain twenty four large super-royal oc.,vo
pages, enveloped in a fine printed cover, forming
at the end of the year a volume of nearly G"
pages, at the very low price of S1 25 per annurm
in advance, or 6t cents per number, payable on
. Post Masters, and others who will procure
four subscribers and enclose Five Dollars to the
proprietor shall receive the 5th copy gratis.



T O reglale the storage of gun powder in the
city of A-palackicoa..
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Councilmen of the city of Apalachicola in coun-
cil convened, Tharfrom and after the passage
of this ordinance, it shall not be lawful for
any person or persons, to keep in any store,
warehouse, dwelling or outhouse, nor on any
private lot, public street or square, within the
jurisdiction ol" this corporation, [except in the
powder house) at any one time any quantity of
gun powder exceeding twenty-five pounds, "and
which shall be in two or more tin or other can-
nisters, separate and apart from each other.
Sec. "2. And be it further ordained, That it
shall not be lawful for any vessel, barque or
water craft of any other description whatever,
with gun powder on board, to lay along side of
any wharf within the jurisdiction of this~corpo-
ration, any length of time exceeding twelve
hours, provided always that such vessel, barque
or water craft, of any description, shall be en-
titled to the same privilege as is allowed to stores,
warehouses, &c. as in section 1st of this ordi-
Sec. 3. And be it further ordained by the au-
thority aforesaid, That all *gn powder [excep'
such quantity as is provided for in see. I, of thLs
ordinance] shalU be taken or sent to the owner or
consignee thereof, to the powder house in thi5
Sec_ 4. And be it further ordained, That i<
shall be the duty of the city marshal toieep the
keys of the said powder" house, to personally
take charge, safely store and again deliver by
order from the owner or consignee, all powder
sent to said powder house under the provisions
of this ordinance.
Smc. 5. And be it further ordained, That for
each and every keg, package or packages, of pow-
der -ent to the powder howse, it shall and mar be
Inwful to charge the ,;um of one cent per pound up-
on each and every pound received at, stored in, and
delivered from said powder house, to be collected
by the aforesaid ci`y marshal, one half for the
benefit of the marshal and one haft for the use
of the city.
Sec. 6. And be it further ordained, That it
shall be ihe duly of the city marshal to kerp a
record of all pjwder stored, and if the same
shall no, have been claimed previous to the ex-
piration of twelve months from the time stored,
he may and is hereby aulhorised to sell the same
at public outcry after having given ten day.
previous notice.
Sec. 7. And be it further ordained, That any
person or persons refusing submission to, or
otherwise violating .amy provision of ithis ordi-
nance, shall on conviction before the mayor b,"
fined in a sum no( le nor exceeding two hundred dollars for each and
every offence; one half to be paid to the lirowe-
cnior and one nailf to the city treasurer for the
use Of the city.
See. 8. And be it further ordained, That all
ordinance, conflir'inR with the provision of this
ordinance be and the same arc hereby repealed.
Pa..sed Feb. 4. D. B. WOOD,
RI C. KEMR, Clerk. Mayor prcnem.

THE large two story building, and lot No. 4,
block E, 2d range, formerly occupied as a
Drug Store, Post Office and Land Compinies
Office. It is well calculated for a crockery or
furniture store, being well fitted up for either,
and having the Ice House in the rear, would
not be obstructed by other buildings. Also, to
rent, for one year, all the wharf lots now fitting
up and improving by the Land Co., Apply to
apr24 1 JNO. CARNOCHAN, Agent.
T HE Law Partnership heretofore existing
between WM. P. DUVAL and the Hon.
RICHARD C. ALLEN, has been dissolved by
the appointment, under the United States, of the
latter, as a Judge of the Superior Courts for
ENBROUGH, are-now associated as partners
in the practice of Law. The first residing at
Tallahassee, the latter at the city of Apalachi-
cola. Wm. P. Duval will attend the court of
Appeals and the Superior courts in Leon, Jeffer-
son, Gadsden, Franklin, and Calhoun Counties.
Mr. Brockenbrough will attend the court of Ap-
peals and the Superior Courts of Jackson,
Franklin, Calhoun end Leon counties.
"TOTICE is hereby given, that (his Company

T O ensure the security and tranquility of the
inhabitants, and the safely of property in
the city of Apalaehicola.
Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Councilmen of the city of Apalachicola, in coun-
cil convened, that frdm and afler the passing of
this ordinance, the Marshall of the city is att-
thorized, and shall make a list or roll of all free
while male inhabitants, between the ages of 18
and 50 years, residing within the corporate lim-
its of the city.
Sec. 2. And be it further ordained, that the
persons whose names shall be enrolled as afore-
said, shall be divided into divisions or five, in
the manner in which the marshal shall consider
most advisable for the public good, each or which
shall b .subject to perform patrol duly, ty nighII
regularly and successively in their turn. Pro-
vided always, that any person so liable to per-
form patrol dWV"V, ily employ as a snb1wifute,
a, v person who has the qualifications necessary
for the performance of tnris duty.
%' .o.. Aid be i. luir~hcrordained, that ii shall
be the duwy of the marshal to appoint a discreet
person from among the number of each patrol,
to be their commander, who shall hare aut;hori-
ty to direct their proceedings, and command good
order during their term of service; and evtry
such commander is hereby empowered and re-
quired, on every default, mi+--haviour or neg-
lect of duly,of any patrolman, to report the.uae
io the Mayor, who shall inflict a fine upon such
offiendcr of not less than five, nor more than
twezy dollars, with costs, which fine shall b
collected by the Marshal and paid over to the
See. 4. And be it further ordained, That eve-
patrol shall, on its night of duty, meet at the
ringing of the city bell, at 9 o'clock, and .',hall
patrol the .sreets so long as its commander shall
deem necessary, and shall be authorized to go
into, and examine, all kitchens and ouiht>m.c-
wi'hin the jurisdiction of this corporation, uu-
ally occupied by negroes, or persons of color, '
such times, and as often as they, in their di.-
cretion, shall see fit, an] may and shall arre-
all slaves or persons of color, whom they shall
meet in the streets, ki'chens or outhouses (ex-
cept their own laces of lodging) without a writ-"
ten pass from the owner, guardian or employer,
of such person or personq, and &iid patrol shall
be further authorized to correct every such
slave or free person of color, who shall be ar-
rested, by whipping with a switch or raw hide,
not exceeding twenty lashes.
Sec. 5. And be it further ordained, that It shall
be the duly of said patrol, and they are hereby
authorized to arrest, and properly confine, all
disorderly, riotous or drunken white person%,
whom they may meet while in the discharge of
their duties, Who shall be brought before the
Mayor on The succeeding day to be deak with
according to law.
See. 6. And be it further ordained, that all
ordinances conflicting with the provisions of this
ordinance be, and the same are hereby repealed.
Passed S0th JanuarT, 1839.
-.- L L A. CH1TTEKDEN, Mayor.
R. CaocitrE Kma, OCer,


TO0 amead ast ordinance eidilkd "I A# rA"*
IW41 Kdabudiv~~ and regalatiigf PI&*
tic Market is &k City of Apelafcacclia "pomd
Slay 17, 1838.
sec. I. Be i w a, ,d by amop .A-wr CWS-
cilmwn of ie Cily of Apaladic.l i Cwecit
cour~e., That aP bic Market, for ( e'-)e of
Beef, Pork, Maton, and other frek mes s;
Fish, Vegeta les, Buter, E Ponlry, and
other arties of Fresh Provisioxmu, vhal be, and
the same hereby is, esbalihed in Market Place.
at the Market House, and i. shaB not be kwfid
to offer for sale any_ nrilcle of fAxb provia Is
any other place widun the limits oa the aid city.
Sec. 2. And be it farther ordained, Tt amy
person refusing to submit to, or otherwise vio-
Wn; the proviskuo of ibhi ordiua scu. OB
caonvwtco Wefore ,he MMoror any one of the
4 members of Council, be fAned in a "a o ex-
I oeing twemy dollarntar each and ev aey ott e.
Sec. 3. And be it father ordained, That the
Market may be opened every day in the week at
sun-ris, and it shall be closed a, 9 o'clock, A.
M., abd may be re-wecd at 4 o'clock, P. W
every day except Sbbbalh, and cl,-d s in at
sunset, and al anicles sold or aoldsAUll be
removed (m the ]-rke &L the tihte iLtu tat.
closing the Same..
Sec. 4. And be it further ordained, That Go
bell blonxing to the city nhxU be hw p & atL "
M,.rke om and it shall be the doy tof h
Marehall to ring the sme at the A= afi
clori of the Mare=
Sec. & And be it father ordained, at, 1"
shall not be lawful for any permao o bring to or
offer for sale any tnwkobome ardet of Fowl-
sw, any pawuyg or ,,mrI Iadab or mkl's
and any person tranogerei n Ihits ectias Mrbe
fined oan oovitioB before the Abyeror = 1:
of Council, tot to exveed twenty dollars for ea.k
and every ofence.
Sec. Aid be It Auher ordained, T r
Itsror be authoritd to reat lo lie Mout tleol
In the market hom eat pa owcrO sk r aSm IN
of November of ever yyar, or as saw thene-
after as the public eoweakoe mly wow-b
the tram Of me year.
Soc 7. And be It father ordained, Tha t16
lWma(rs of todd stalls t o d uaket haww w"
bare to ri6 0Aisvo w1ora hire out the a a m&, ew
"nY part thereof to say other pwla Orer peus
Sic.S. And be It Ike modmned, -7E%0
Stanlor pin o harref iaf d a isaw w w ---
or hired oruz by puy g" or pcrmw 0thLer 1
the auLborts before sammik NUS 40*~i
the we o( the City.
Sec. &. And be it Aulhor or^sl4 TW m ay
"t1ll or part thereofiSid -ml i e
tag vacated betlM tie s sf ti twee,
the me nmay, by AWhJ of the W yor, be
rrm f Ow Ir imbe" NO

&.c. WAad it Atndw ajhtod TUM '66
V" order aNd let -f as ath oped ME&
ter 0(a~ UcrkawlBom &a VWt bitM NM IB to
Sg ad -T- gomir haM r uki

ktanI fe*OA&and e*wq &A -
&-ell1. APA- lhC behi Ig T Mt*
saUj 'be the daq hep eto MA^*~

wartF4, Bad 10 Uintg beh Am hy*<%

Sme. 19 AW be k fte" IS w^IJ^

IL W Wit countue to se HI private sale Lots in
the city of Apalachicola, and any of their Lands
that are surveyed, upon the same terms as here-
tofore, viz. one-fourth of the. consideration to be
paid in cash, and one-fourth annually in one,
two and three years, with interest. Or the
Trustees will give to purchasers a deed of con-
veyance upon pyment of one half of the con-
sideraton in cash, and the balance payable one-
half in three years, and one-half in five Years,
with interest annually to be secured by bond and
mortgage on the premises.
Mr. John Carnochan is authorised to receive
applications, and to negotiate with purchasers as
to-the terms of sale. He will give all necessary
information concerning the business of the Com-
pany; and generally attend to its affairs in
Persons having business with the board of
Directors, may also address Mr. Joseph Dela-
field, the General -Agent in New -York, or the
New York, Jan. 1, 1839. aprt24 Icm


T O arnil an -,rdinai; e entitled An ordi-
nance regulating t:w* fees, &c. of Harbar-
I. Ir."
&ec. 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and Coun-
cihnen of the city of Apalachicola, That from
and after the passage of this ordinance the fol-
lowing fees shall be ;..uwMd to the Harbor majacr
of the port of Apalachirola. to wit:
i-',jt c-,ch and every arrival of a ship, barque,
brig, sx.1vs ,ner or vloxtp over 900 tons blrthen.
o,,e and a hllf cents per ton-under 900 ton%
b ihlien, two cetst per too.
For each and every arrival of a oeamboal,
one dollar and fifty cenits.
For eich and every arrival of a barge, cot-
ton b-,x, wai or raft, one dollar.
For each and every, vtesl employed in light-
ering in said harbor, per month, two dollars.
See. 2. And be it further nained, That rms-
sels loading at the wharves by order from use
harbor master shall give place to a vessel to dts-
8ec. 3. And be it further ordained, That all
vessels within the jurisdiction of this corpora-
tion, shall cock-bill their lower yards, rig In
tbeir jib-boorws and have their anchors in board,
while lying at the wharves. '
Sec. 4. And be it further reolved, That all
veVteis, steamboats, &c. not actually eaggd in
reciving or discharging cargo, shal live an op-
portunity to others to discharge or take in cargo.
Sec. 5. And be it further resolved, That all
veisels lying at anchorwithin thejurisdiction of
this corporation shall be under the co trol and
subj't to the instrndiotts of the harbor master.
Sc. 6. And be U iLtnb" iosald, TaW I f
many camnwader of a vesel, stexb*,, barge or
Wtu, violate any of the foregoing reirlaiftoo he
ma be paabhed by a tee "ot exceeidiga ty
dollars, for eack anw every offence, one haJf for
the -e of the atty. and the odteUr Kf for the um
of the coapbmU ; a&d W he w xa is heeby
swfwmered to cylle cs tae, eithrbylevyan
prop"n, of twougli sayj-i #me 0(M theP to
this ckv.
Sc.'A Aad be further Wv `d, h" all
ordinances or parts of ordimux = 6:1Z wilh
Sthe provbdoor Of this berJy repealed. Pwed )am-
T, Aff^K ome f.UI

T HFl Subscribers offer for sale Fifteen Lots
in the city of Apalachicola, asTo~ows:
Block C, second range, Nos. 3 and 14
do 30, Nos. 1, 9 and 3
do 33, No4. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10
do F, Nos. 10 and 11
do H, NSm. 9 and 12
The above Lots are advantageously located
and can be sold on accommodating terms. Ap-
ply to ELLIS & FOSTER.
April 34.

20 40 bbls fine Flour, for tale low for cash
to cloie a consgnment, by
mayl 3 40 water st.


.iroiTUB subscriber having purchased
t this eligible sitoated etablishment,
A '!!Bl et Is as his friends and the paMic
S.ao. -j^ that he is prepared to aecommrodale
aem ID aw sbir vin b wl a b; asaty to
them as to hiamwf.
me hmiiti irmfg exemovir thavAD&r
to the buikaf, muckpow a gnm isrca-e
of cuskcp aw 1 e-, and kis arramMnea
wU&L, oae on an euxtelve swale.
stock ef Winn and Liquors wll alwary
be of the Wle kind, aW his table furnished with,
eva dL41cacy of the wawc. Particular awe'-
r He soeM a6,waew ,e, tn e tfoW
Xfewwvsmb" to do boom wh m~e"Mr
the mampsn of (Mr. B UU, bw hW1
so afMl W0 043 t aerinag the
,,aq- e1 tc asy dw aoab. _
, -i|I' J. X DORat.

oNldp.;yjtIed day of June next, will be
sold la fronf of the Apalachicola Exchange,
at pubic arjonq, to I khigheat Udder, the fol-
IcrtfCity Lo^* viv: 1N& 3. 4k 17 said 18, an
frek&Oont nae; belog mmw sold by order
of t e of the Aplachkicola Land Qom-
puy, on accoamt and rift of the knWr lpotba-
ser, W. W. Rehards, who has not complied
with, WNtkm of former sale to ium. in
MWt m, ,t 416 a t, hereo ton 0Te wud LAd
C4"Vowy., ifmaet .-d enft Terum or


A l..','. *

b Virginia Flour part "Family,"
456for sale low by "
. api-24 lot :
J DAY #< CO. offer for sale the following
a. articles for cash-at low prices:
250 bags green Cuba Cofee,
60 hbls.*Canal Flour.
I100 b sk ets C ham pagne .. ...
- 56 bhls. Potatoes.
40,000 Spanish Segars.
; 15. boxes Havana Sweet Meats:
"1 elegant Barouhhe, with Harness.
25 bbls. Calcined Pla'ster.
10boxes Cavendish Tobacco of different
50 kegs Nails, assorted sizes, apr24 1

rO sil separately or togedr. Apily at
this oiBqe. mayl 2