The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Creation Date:
April 17, 1901
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.​
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

or1' pt,"lej l'jb
of fit .1,~ Lbq Dept

Vol. XXVIII. No. 16.

Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, April 17, 1901.

Whole No. 1420.

Trucking on Pineland.
Editor Florida Agriclturst:
After a residence of half a life time
In Florida we put on record the beiief
that the pinelands are, all things con-
sidered, the best in Florida-the most
durable, the most manageable, the most
healthy. Of course they are not attrac-
tive at first, being thin and sour and
fall of insect germs. But patient labor
and wise management will soon con-
vert them into the basis of a paying
As a preparation for trucking the
land should be cleared thoroughly, not
only grubbed but stumped. This is la-
borious and expensive, if the work is
all hired; but pine stumps are so dur-
able that they constitute a great nui-
sance. Plow the ground not over three
inches deep and cut it thoroughly with
a disc harrow; then sow broadcast
about a bushel of cowpeas, or better,
plant In rows a peck of velvet beans.
The cowpeas will grow faster at first
than the velvet beans, and If the plan
is to plant sweet potatoes, it is prob-
ably better to sow the peas. But if the
Intention is to let the crop remain all
summer, then let it be velvet beans, as
they will make a heavier growth on the
land. To plant sweet potatoes about
June 1st, cut the cowpeas and let them
cure so as not to sour the soil, then list
them into rows four feet apart, sprinkle
a little sulphate of potash along the
rows, ridge up slightly and plant the
draws or pieces of vines.
In October or November the potatoes
can be dug and housed, and the ground
should then be dressed with a good
fertilizer, proportioned in amount to
the crop to be planted; and also com-
post may be added, if one has a supply.
At least twelve hundred pounds per
acre of the fertilizer is needed, and
more would be better. The land is then
ready for cabbage, cauliflower, celery,
lettuce, English peas or any other win-
ter crop.
All honest Floridians must admit
that there is just as much fickleness in
our climate as in any other part of the
United States ;we mean, that there are
sudden changes in weather and vary-
ing amounts of rainfall at any given
season of the year. Generally the win-
ter is only moderately rainy, but some-
times the precipitation is excessive.
The only guarantee against both
drought and flood is in bedding-up, but
the beds must be broad and flat, with
sufficiently deep furrows between to af-
ford drainage. This in flatwoods, on
ordinary first-class pineland bedding is
not required. The beds must be wide
enough to permit the passage of a nar-
row cultivator between the rows of
plants and the edge of the bed; and
along the edge there can be planted
another row, if the crop is such as
to permit, say cabbage or lettuce or
We consider $150 per acre, per an-
num, with a succession of crops a fair
yield. Intensive culture will increase
this figure.
First class pine will produce any
vegetable that can be grown on other
lands in Florida, and the cost of clear-
ing and preparing it is so much less

than on hammock that it fully compen-
sates for the increased initial cost of
fertilizers. We say initial cost, because
we consider the pineland soil more dur-
able than the hammock or muck soil.
More than that, we consider pineland
not only more easily protected against
excessive rainfall but also against se-
vere droughts. The protection against
flood is so obvious as to require no
specifications. As against drought,
every experienced Florida farmer
knows that muck suffers more in a dry
spell than sand. And we believe that
sand may be carried through a drought
even more successfully than hammock,
by means of constant stirring, say with
the lightest possible cultivator every
few days, or, better still, a broad
plank thickly studded with nails about
two inches long.
High black-jack ridges are not suit-
able for vegetable growing, at least
not until they have been filled with
humus for several years by turning
under successive crops of velvet beans.
Plant peaches of varieties approved for
the latitude, the Excelsior plum, a few
LeConte pears, oranges, it in the prop-
er latitude, etc. Poultry and stock are
taken for granted. Raise milo maize,
also velvet beans, these are two of the
very best forage crops grown in any
part of the world. S.
4 0 --
Goats in Florida.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
There is many a land owner in Flor-
ida becoming rapidly wealthy in the
raising and selling of cattle who never
thinks that he could add to his wealth
and not decrease his pasturage, if he
had with his cattle a large flock of
goats. The goat is looked upon as the
theme for humorous writers, so that
people are apt to forget that when
viewed from an economical standpoint,
it is of much value. It will live where
cows would starve and it will take but
-a few to supply a large family with
milk, yes, and with butter.
The advantages of goat keeping are
many. There is no animal that it costs
so little to keep for the revenue it will
yield to its owner. The milk of a couple
of goats will generally supply a fair
sized household, and that milk is much
cheaper and better than any canned
milk to be found upon the market.
The Angora goat is undoubtedly the
best to raise. Of the introduction of the
Angora into the United States, one, Dr.
A. S. Heath, says:
The Angora goat was first imported
into America in 1848 by Dr. James B.
Davis, during President Polk's admin-
istration, who had been sent by the
request of the Sultan of Turkey to
teach the Turks cotton culture, for
which the Sultan gave Mr. Davis nine
choice Angora goats. One died, leaving
two bucks and six ewes. Colonel R.
Peters subsequently made six importa-
tions. Colonel Peters purchased the An-
goras and a pure bred Cashmere ewe,
giving $9,000 for the nine. Colonel
Peters thus deserves the credit of being
the first breeder of the Angora goat in
America, and he was a scientific breed-
er. In 1861 the colonel sent two six-

teen-months-old pure Angora rams to
William M. Gondrum, Joaquin county,
California. One of these bucks, Billy
Atlanta, was the progenitor of 70,000
goats in California. From these and
others Colonel Peters sent to Califor-
nia. This state is second only to Texas
in Angora stock. C. P. Bailey, of San
.Tose, is the largest breeder in Califor-
nia, while Colonel Black holds the
same honor in Texas.
Up to the Sultan's prohibition there
were four hundred Angora goats im-
ported into the United States. With
these to breed from it may be fair to
conclude that our intelligent breeders
can make as good a showing for the
purest Angoras as Turkey can, or even
a better one.
It is probable that we now have in
tie United States nearly half a mil-
tion of Angora goats. From this show-
ing the industry must extend in hope-
ful prosperity and with our fifty mil-
lions of sheep we need neither go naked
nor starve.
It is to be hoped our census will give
us full and accurate information on all
our live stock.
A Florida farmer may have vast
herds upon the range and buy milk.
His cows are in the forests, in the
great public pastures with other cattle,
older and younger, growing into large
plump cattle for the beef market. The
Floridian gives no thought to the milk
and butter question. He hardly realizes
that cows give milk, or that good milk
cows are of va ie. For household pur-
poses goats mn surpasses cows milk.
Some do not like it for butter as well,
for cheese it is better, all admit. The
average of water in cows milk is 87
per cent, and in goats milk, 83 per cent;
fats average accordingly. In butter fat,
goats milk is a large percentage above
that of cows. A goat is as easily cared
for as a sheep. The celebrated Roque-
fort cheese is made largely, that is al-
most wholly, from goats milk.
The goat is valuable in other ways
than for milk. Here is what the Jour-
of Commerce says about it: "The Unit-
ed States use in manufactures a con-
stantly increasing amount of goat skins
but produce comparatively none. Last
year over 32,000 tons, or 65,000,000
pounds of goat skins were brought in,
chiefly at New York; and the average
price in New York was forty cents a
pound, or a total value of $26,000,000.
At four pounds to the skin, the aver-
age weight in dry skin, it requires the
slaughter of 17,226,700 goats and kids
to yield the skins imported last year.
This represents live flocks of foreign
goats aggregating from 25,000,000 to
30,000,000 for our present supply of
marketable goat skins alone. If all the
goats in the United States were kept
solely to supply skins for market, they
would fail to supply even an insigni-
ficant fraction of the present demand.
In goat keeping on a large scale it is
not alone the skins and fleeces that en-
ter into the profit account. If the skins
imported last year represent native
stock they would have been addition-
ally in the United States market and
profit account nearly the whole animal
-the flesh, tallow, bones, hoofs, horns,
etc., which together would constitute

more than half the entire marketable
There is no dispute but what the
Angora goat is the best. It is admitted
that it is designed to become one of
the most valuable of the domestic ani-
mals. It is good as a milk giver, its
skin is one of the best, its flesh for food
is equal to the best venison. There is
no doubt that there is a great future
before the Angora goat as a domestic
There are but few goats in Florida,
there should be millions. There is noth-
ing to hinder each cattle raiser from
having a large flock of Angoras. In
South Florida where cattle are abun-
dant and milk is not. there should be
thousands of goats. The goat should
enter into the economy of the state of
fruit, vegetables and good climate, and
become a factor of wealth.
Peter Prindle.
Avon Park, Fla.
Notes Oontinued, by Uncle Wash.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I stated at the close of my notes last
week that I wished to offer some crit-
icisms in this copy of the Agricultur-
ist, on the notes of "Lake Buddy," on
Florida, In the Louisiana Planter. Lake
Buddy is located in the southeastern
portion of Hernando county, and as
this contributor to the Louisiana
Planter has lived, he says, for up-
wards of twenty years in Florida, I
suppose he now lives in the locality of
Dade City, near Lake Buddy. This
fellow has been writing notes for the
Planter for about six months, and 1
am surprised that that highly respec-
table organ on sugar should have pub-
lished such ridiculous statements and
even bare-faced falsehoods, as most of
his articles contain. About two weeks
ago, the editor stopped him by telling
him that the Planter had no Interest
in Florida, only in her sugarcane and
rice. At this I was somewhat surpris-
ed, as neither sugarcane or rice have
attained to any note in our state as
commercial crops. I thought some
years ago, and still think, that our
corn, peas, oats, potatoes, and of late,
our hay crops in Florida were suffi-
ciently abundant to attract some atten-
tion of most of the southern states. In
the past decade our vegetables and
fruits should claim some respect, even
from Louisiana. But I am puzzled to
know why "Lake Buddy," as he signs
himself, should stay in such a country
as he represents Florida to be. Maybe
he has sat around the village stores,
and shops, whittling on goods boxes,
talking politics smoking mean tobacco
and playing checkers until lie is too
poor to move away.
I once met a man who had hard
things to say to you about every-
bIody in his vicinity unless some of
them were present besides yourself,
and on speaking to a gentleman about
his way. he said: "Oh. parson, it's his
religion to say hard things about his
neighbors. he enjoys it." So this
seems to be true about "Lake Buddy,"
it's his religion to abuse Florida, he


seems to enjoy it. But as to his mis-
representations: In the copy of March
2, 1901, he says: "A few years ago,
Col. C. of Gainesville was reported to
have made $9,000 on a crop of cante-
loupes. Immediately all Florida was
planted in canteloupes, result, no mon-
ey." Again he says: "Four years ago
strawberries sold at $1.00 to $1.25 per
quart. Everybody went crazy and all
South Florida planted-with the cus-
tomary results." Now in each of these
statements there is a positive false-
hood, for not one farmer in a hundred
In Florida ever heard of this cante-
loupe feat, not one in a thousand
planted these crops the next season.
There are but few, very few, compar-
atively, who plant either of these crops
-simply a few convenient to the few
railroads through the state. The stock-
men and fruit growers, who are many
in Florida, never think, scarcely, of
planting these crops, and but few of
them with a multitude of common
farmers, take the agricultural papers
or read these reports.
He says again: "No vegetables are
grown here, as they do not pay." Of
course the reader takes the term
"here" for all Florida. But in the copy
of Oct. 12, 1901, he says of the Florida
syrup: "Last season it was down to
twenty cents per gallon." Now every
syrup maker in South Florida, if not
all over the state, will tell you that
all first-class Florida syrup is worth
forty cents per gallon and if any at
all sells for less, it is drips, or a force
put to raise a few dollars for some
emergency. He says of barrels as to
capacity: "A Louisiana barrel holds
from fifty to fifty-five gallons more or
less, and a Florida barrel precisely
thirty gallons." Now from forty to for-
ty-two is my understanding of a Louis-
iana barrel, and I know that the stan-
dard barrel of Florida is thirty-two
gallons, and while he quotes the price
of barrels in Florida at $1.50, I never
knew a barrel to sell for less than
$2.00. In another copy of the paper he
says: "To grow crops in Florida re-
quires $50 worth of fertilizer per acre."
Now there would be just as much rea-
son or propriety in my affirming that it
takes $50 to buy wagons in Louisiana.
Anybody can see that his aim in this
is to slur Florida soil. Has not Louis-
iana her thousands of acres of poor
white sand? In all the states north
and west hundreds and thousands of
people are using tons of fertilizers per
acre, for different varieties of crops.
In the copy of March 16th he throws
his biggest chunk when he says, "there
is no sugar made in Florida so far as
I know but sometimes a sort of mush
is made that is called sugar here." * *
"What kind of sugar can a sugar grow-
er imagine can be made in a pot where
dirt and gum is all boiled up togeth-
er" Stragne that the experience of
your scribe and that of "Lake Buddy"
should differ so widely. I used the
Loilslane-made brown sugar for nearly
a quarter of a century and have used
the brown sugar of Florida, much of
which I boiled myself, during my for-
ty years in the state, and can say of a
truth that the article boiled up in our
open kettles was never excelled by the
finest mills in Louisiana or anywhere
else. I have often sweetened my cof-
fee with my own manufactured article
as well as a multidude of others that
were so free from filth that not the
least particle of stain could be seen in
the coffee cup on draining it.
Uncle Wash.
Lakemont, Fla.
Some Garden ,Pests.
Edtor Florida Agriculturist:
Will some one who has had success
in getting ahead of the following trou-
blesome pests give their experience.
First: The Cabbage louse. They also
attack turnips, rutabagas and collards.
They gather on the underside of the
leaf, and the leaves curl and turn yel-
low and finally they kill the plant. It
does not appear to be caused by being
in poor ground or by lack of fertilizer.
Will tobacco dust, sulphur or kerosene
wipe them out, and how should they
be apDlied?
The Salamander.-For a time they
seemed to be all gone. Now they have

come back, they seem to live under a
division bank, or a strip of land that
has not been plowed for years. They
seem to like to burrow under certain
kinds of trees and to cut off their
roots, whether because the main root
is in their way or because they like to
chew these particular trees, I do not
know, but these trees happened to be
pecan trees, one a grafted pecan, was
cut entirely off about eighteen inches
below the surface.
'Next, the ants in the strawberry bed,
taking entire possession of some of the
best plants and nearly burying them.
Hot water will use them up, also the
strawberry plants. How have you got-
ten ahead of these pests?
W. H. Haskell.
DeLand, Fla.
(Here is an opportunity for some of
our subscribers to give their personal
An Advocate of Wide Tires.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I inclose a clipping from the New
York Tribune about wide tires. That
man is right in regard to getting good
roads. Above all roads do our Florida
and preservation of shell and clay
wide tires for making the sand roads
and preservation of shell and c.lay
roads. It appears to me as worthy to
he printed in four very valuable paper,
the Florida Agriculturist.
N. L. Pierson.
Pierson, Fla.
"In almost all the comments on the
present condition of the country roads
and the varied suggestions for their
improvement, the one essential and all
important thing has been left out; that
is, the universal adoption of wide tires
(not less than four inches) for all wag-
ons carrying freight. Such universal
adoption can be brought about only
by a law compelling the use of wide
tires, say in two or three years, so that
no unnecessary loss or inconvenience
would result from the change. I can-
not think of anything more inconsist-
ent than to make a good road and then
immediately proceed to destroy It with
a narrow tired wagon. And yet that
is just what we country people have
been doing.
"We are not profiting by the ex-
ample set by cities, which compel the
use of wide tires to prevent the destruc-
tion of their pavements and by what
we know of the use of wide tires in the
European countries for the last one
hundred years, where the tires are from
four to eight inches wide. In France,
I believe, the forward axle is as much
shorter than the rear axle as the width
of the two tires, so tt the making of
a rut is impossible.
Is there any doubt that with this
style of wagon our country roads even
with the present nitbod of mainten-
ance, would be improved to a degree
beyond our comprehension? With a
light surface coating of some I-ar'l ma-
terial and with little care and labor,
our country roads would be in a con-
dition satisfactory to the farmer, to the
bicyclist and to the users of horseless
The construction of such roads as the
iigbie-Armstrong law provides for is
all right if we could afford to have that
sort of road, but it is evident that only
localities where wealthy people resilte,
adjoining large cities and towns, will
ever get that sort of roadway, because
of its expensiveness, and the poor farm-
er, who can never afford to have an
$8,000 a mile road adjoining his farm,
is helping to pay for building the roads
for the wealthy suburban residents.
"The state might better use some of
its money to pay a per cent of the ex-
penses Incurred by the country peo-
ple in changing their wagons to wide
tired, rather than expend one-fourth
of a million dollars a year in building
patches of roadways in favored local-
ities. The universal adoption and conr
struction of such macadamized roads
cannot be accomplished in on a hundred
years. Now, some of us will not be
able to stay and see all that accom-
plished, so please do not ask us to wait
so long a time and thus be deprived of
what we may have in five years at the
fartherest, provided we go at the mat-
ter in a consistent and practical man-
ner. I am, yours truly for good roads
quickly." J. S. Boys.

A Correction and a Suggestion.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I regret to have to call your atten-
tion to a misprint in my report from
Frostproof. The mistake lies in the fol-
lowing. "About fifty-four or more new
improvements are under way here
now." Now I plead not guilty. Four or
five was my statement to the best of
my recollection. But to be definite we
have seven in all.
As to the suggestion: I will say on
the salamander subject which has been
agitated in two or three copies of the
Agriculturlst lately, that I have shot
them, trapped them and poisoned them
at intervals for twenty-five years, and
I suggest poisoning with strychnine as
much less troublesome and expensive
than any plan I have ever resorted to.
To do them up quickly and success-
fully, I take a small sweet potato and
cut It into rounds or wheels about one-
half inch thick, and then cut into the
edges or eides of the wheels about
half way as though you would split
them in half. This done, with the small
blade of your knife, open the selt a
little and drop in or insert a very small
quantity of strychnine and close upon
it. Now take as many of these prepared
baits as you want and drop one into
each of the holes where they are at
work, usually in the early morning.
Then lay a piece of bark or board
over the mouth, and cover it all up
with sand or soil, and you will dis-
patch them almost invariably. If you
prefer, you can punch into the holes
or runs with a hoe handle, drop in a
bait and fix them up. One bottle of
strychnine, if good, will kill five hun-
dred. Try it
S. W. Carson.
Lakemont, 1'la.

Salamanders and Steel Traps.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
As one of your readers asks how to
get rid of salamanders (pocket goph-
ers) I will give my method.
I have two three-inch steel traps and
whenever I see fresh salamander
mounds in or near my grove or garden,
I dig a hole about fifteen or twenty in-
ches square between two mounds unUt
I strike the run. I dig the hole about
three inches lower than the rum,
scratch out the run deep enough to put
the jaws of the trap in the run and
large enough to allow the trap to close.
I dig out enough to let the trap come
level or a little lower than the run;
and after placing the trap in the run
throw enough fine sand on the trap to
just barely cover it from view. I place
a trap in each opening of the run, and
then you will get Mr. Salamander
whichever way he comes from. After
my traps are set I almost cover the
hole with a board to keep a cat or
dog from being caught.
As soon as you dig into the run of a
salamander he knows it and soon
comes to close up the opening you
made. I have often caught them in a
few minutes after setting the traps.
But sometimes there is a shy old fel-
low that is hard to catch; has had his
foot pinched in the traps and got
loose and has "caught on," but if you
will keep setting the traps you will
get him after awhile. Whenever you
catch a salamander call your cat or
dog and give it to them, alive, and
they will soon learn to catch salaman-
ders, on their own accord, and thus
help greatly in exterminating them.
After pursuing this plan for three or
four years, I have not had one on my
place for about a year.
Young G. Lee.
Glenoak, Fla.
The Remedy.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The California orange growers have
had another "knock out" blow, if there
is such a thing. We catch onto things
sometimes that we can't let loose. The
California orange saw its best days in
the past, or the three years while Flor-
ida was "out in the cold."- or out as
a result of the cold of '95. Of course
California lnterferred with our mid-
winter picnic this year, but the while
she was on a veritable "Jamboree"

"Go Wet,

Ranch it and rough it and you'll soo
get rid of that weak chest and that hack-
mn cough." That is what the doctor
mad to a young married man with a wife
and child to care
for and a modest
salary to support
them on. He
aould't go West.
Love and duty tied
him to his desk in
the city.
People don't
have to travel to
cure coughs or
strengthen weak
lungs. Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical
Discovery cures ob- \
stinate, deep-seated
coughs, bronchitis, -
bleeding of the
lungs, weakness,
emaciation and
other forms of
disease which if neglected or unskill-
fully treated terminate fatally in con-
will write you what Dr. Pierce's Goldm
Medical Discovery has done for me," says George
H. Belcher, $sq.. of Dorton, Pike County, Ky.
*Thirteen years ago I was wounded by a ball
passing through my lung. I have had a bad
cough almost ever since, with shortness of
breath, and it was very easy to take cold; the
slightest change of weather would cause.the
eough tobeso bad Iwould have tosit upia bed
allnight. Could not eat or sleep at ti ; was
all run down; could not work at all. A few
months ago I began using Dr. Pirce's Golden
Medical Discoery. Have not sed moe than
two bottles, and now can eat, sleep, and work,
and I feel like a new man. I cannot find words
to su*fidently recommend Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Disc or tell the good it has done
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser in paper covers is sent free on
receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay
expense of mailing only. The book has
loo8 pages and over 7oo illustrations.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.

floundering in a flood of her own
I can't see that oranges were ever
profitable to them, but as all fools look
alike, they did just as we people have
always done-that is to say whooped
up competition and anarchy-which
means every fellow for himself, and in
the dark, taking chances in the arena
of commerce and overproduction.
If we must forever live under the
"profit system" let us learn the lesson
of restricted and regulated production
-a la trust method. We have seen that
small crops bring more money, on the
whole, than large ones and it Is cheap-
er to produce a small crop, so why not
conserve the energy of production and
employ it in organization--distribute
the production and limit the output-
divide the stock and send check for div-
One hundred large growers in Cali-
fornia could form a complete orange
trust and charter just as many cars
from the railroad under contract and
agreement-contrary to law, perhaps,
but d'rn the law and "the people"-I
say do too. They could to a great extent
control the quality of the fruit and cull
It too-send only the best to market,
and never overstock a city or place In
this way alone can any kind of produc-
tion be profitable for any length of
time-the disaster at the end will over-
lap the first profits. Necessity being the
mother of invention-or in other word
necessity alone will impel people to de-
part from old and wrong methods, so
California will have to inaugurate a
system for growing and marketing her
orange crop. The necessity will grow
with the increased production in Flor-
We might be sweeping our own house
but we are not apt to do it until the
dirt becomes knee deep-or unbearable,
as it was about in '93 and '94 when the
freeze did our work of re-adjuttment.
I might tell you while I write how
I have been beaten, robbed and swin-
dled by the tricks of trade while in the
hands and at the tender mercies of
rapacious commission merchants, but I
guess it would be called "rot" it is
such an old story. Our society says its
right, and as a man thinks, etc.
Wmin. P. Need.


Pearls to Swine.
Editor Florida Agrioe trist:
The thing for us to do right now is
to learn from other's mistakes and suc-
cesses what to do for self. Organize
the orange growers and pineapple men
into a joint stock trust. When a man
has money to put into the business
let him take that much stock and turn
his efforts in other directions and save
his sweat. If I make this too long it
won't be nearly so sweet and if I am
talking to the wise a hint is sufficient
I think Mr. Editor that about one or
two more licks at these fellows and I

will retire.
Wm. P. Neeld.

A Pertinent Question.
Editor Florida Agricultrist:
I note in last issue of the Agricul-
turist that the sugar mill at St. Cloud's
is being taken down to be shipped to
Mexico. Have also noticed frequent
articles in Florida papers advising cul-
tivation of sugar in the state and rec-
ommending it as a paying crop.
If half these statements are true why
is it that this (I believe the only sugar
mill in Florida) mill is being removed
to Mexico. I am interested in this sub-
ject having seriously contemplated
growing cane in DeSoto county, but If
this St. Cloud sugar mill (with which
I believe Capt. Rose has been connect-
ed) as proved a failure why is it that
farmers are still urged to grow sugar
Wm. M. Whitten.
Celery is King.
Never since the balmy days of
"before the freeze" have there been
such bounteous, such magnificent,
crops grown in this state as are now
maturing in the gardens, fields and
"patches" in and around Sanford. Na-
ture has been exceedingly generous this
year lavishing her abundance with
open hand and liberal prodigality, and
has smiled upon all alike with benefi-
cent smile and golden returns where
Energy met her half-way and Industry
grasped her outstretched hand, wrest-
ing success and profit from her prom-
The lettuce crop of the early winter
was a heavy one; the development of
this vegetable this year being some-
thing remarkable, and of a quality so
superior that the foreign market was
never supplied and the season closed
with hundreds of orders unfilled. This
brought the growers of Sanford and vi-
cinity thousands of dollars, and a hand-
some profit was realized. In many In-
stances Sanford growers netted from
$800 to $1200 per acre from their let-
tuce, and in several cases those figures
were exceeded, net. This looks like
"big money," and so it is: but these
are figures of fact not fancy flights of
fiction, and he who doubts can have
them verified beyond dispute.
But, close upon the heels of a suc-
cessful lettuce season, comes a magnifi-
cent celery crop-a crop so wonderful
and so stupendous-considering this is
but our second season, practically-
that it excites the astonishment of all
who behold. Northern and Eastern
buyers, who have bought celery from
Maine to California, and from the
Great Lakes to the Gulf, pronounce the
Sanford section the most marvelous
celery producing country in the Union;
and that their judgment is correct the
most doubting must admit after inves-
A tour among the celery and vege-
table farms east of town-and the ob-
servation applies equally to farms on
the west-is a revelation, and a most
gratifying revelation It is.
Passing out Second street to the east,
the first "patch" is that of Frank and
Will Cowan, who have about three-
quarters of an acre in celery in excel-
lent condition. The bleaching boards
were put on this crop this week and
shipping will probably begin the last
of next week. The Messrs. Cowan will
market between 600 and 800 crates.
which at the present price of $2.50 @
$2.75, will net a handsome sum.
In the same tract McBride & Beard-
all have two acres of fine celery, heal-

hoice Ve ea les ly part of next week. Of the "on" crop,
Choice Vegetables that is being cultivated every day, and
promises to even outstrip in size and
always bring high prices. quality its elder brother now being sent
to market. This last three acres will
be ready to market within three weeks,
To raise them success- and will doubtless bring top prices.
Last year Mr. Pace netted about $2,200
fully, a fertilizer con- per acre; this year his crop will bring
him, at a conservative estimate, not
taininless than 20 per cent more than that of
training at least 8 last year.
SLeaving Mr. Pace's place and going
Potash should be used. out Celery avenue, one passes the pin-
ery of William Bothamly-about an
Our books furnish useful information on acre of fine pines, enclosed, shedded
and well watered. Mr. Bothamly has
al suecs relating to the only pinery in this vicinity, and it
cm raising. They arc has proven a source of considerable
sent re profit since its establishment.
GERMAN KALI WORKS Off about a quarter of a mile to the
93 Nassau Street, right as you go out Celery avenue is
New York. the A. McDonald place. Mr. McDonald
is an all around trucker, grows every-
thing and plenty of it. He grows veg-
etables principally for the home mar-
ket, and they are fine ones, too. He
manages, however, between times, to
ship a considerable quantity of high
grade celery, lettuce, beans, cucumbers
and the like, and derives an income
thy and vigorous, which will probablf-that many a Northern farmer with 100
run considerably over 800 crates to the acres would be proud to find in his in-
acres. Bleaching boards will be put on side pocket. "Mac" is making money.
this week, and shipment will begin ten and he deserves the success that at-
days later. tends his efforts; may his profits in.
Adjoining these Captain P. M. Elder, crease. He has about one acre of eel
conductor on the Plant System, has ery almost ready for market, and it is
two acres in cultivation. Part of this tip-top, too,
the Captain has planted in corn and One of the finest and most produc-
potatoes, and has excellent prospects. tive pieces of land in the state is the
The other portion, Mr. George Speer tract of several hundred acres owned
has in celery, and has a fine crop, by H. H. Chappell on the left of the
which will be ready for market with- road. Some eighteen months since, this
in three weeks. tract was a saw-palmetto swamp, wild.
A little farther along the road is the rugged and the most God-forsaken
place of Mr. J. L. Norton. He has a piece of land the sun ever shone on. It
nice little home and nine acres-his en- was bought for a song, and the wise
tire holding-in cultivation. He has a Imen laughed at Mr. Chappell's confi-
small orange grove which will bear dence in his swampy purchase. Today
profitably the coming season, and this the laugh is on the other side. Chap-
season he marketed a remunerative pell was full of faith, industrious and
crop of lettuce, cabbage and other energetic. He began to clear and drain
vegetables, and now has half an acre and plant; and his plants grew amaz-
of splendid celery. He has been offer- ingly. He made money from the start,
ed $1,500 for the place, or $2,500, spot and is making it now. The land is as
cash, for property and crop as it stands, level as a floor, and has upon it a
both of which offers he has refused. crop of celery that is beautiful to be-
He doesn't care to sell. hold-about waist high, a glorious
Chase & Whitner are next on the green above the bleaching boards and a
road, and have a tract of four acres, creamy white beneath. Mr. Chappell
three of which are planted in celery, had a very profitable lettuce crop on
which bids fair to go far beyond the this land-a quarter of an acre netting
average of 800 crates per acre. him a little more than $400. He raises
Adjoining, C. W. Goodrich has a four also beets, cabbage, potatoes, onions
acre tract, lPrt of which was planted and the like in quantities for market,
in cabbage, which has already been all of which find ready sale both at
marketed at a handsome profit. The home and abroad. Mr. Chappell has
balance is in celery and the crop, sold several parcels off this tract. The
though young yet, has every appear- purchasers have cleared part of their
ance of being as profitable as any in holdings, and have excellent crops. Mr.
that particular neighborhood. Williams has been very successful with
N. J. Stenstrom, the dairyman. is lettuce and other crops and now has a
next on the list, anid although giving splendid celery patch. lHe has Iben
his personal attention to the dairy bus- shipping cabbage the past two weeks,
iness, he finds time to do wonderfully and from a half-acre will net over $200.
successful truck growing. He grows Just across the fence Chas. H. Camp-
vegetables of all sorts-beets, cabbage, bell, the well-known drummer, has
onions, carrots, lettuce, beans, etc., ten acres, four of which are cleared
from all of which he has made money, and partly in cultivation. This
and from his lettuce crop, of less than is Charley's first experience in truck-
three-fourths of an acre, this year he growing, but he has a fairly good crop
netted something over $700. lie has and will ship t;(0 to 700 crates, giv-
one and a quarter acres in celery, and ing him a gratifying profit on his in-
from the quarter acre he has already vestment the first season.
shipped 325 crates, and by tomorrow A few hundred yards farther up the
night will have taken 400 crates from road. Mr. Chappell has another "patch"
that "patch." The other is not so far of an acre in extent, and this is un.
advanced and will not be ready to doubtedly the finest growth of celery
bleach until the latter part of next in Florida. The olants are nearly
week. Mr. Stenstrom has a magnifi- waist high. dark green, and the
cent crop, and his celery has set the whole field is as level as a
pace in the Philadelphia market, bring- floor not a sink nor an unsight-
ing $2.75 and better, with constant or- ly protuberance in the field. If there
ders for more. Mr. Stenstrom figures is a prettier, more inspiring pic-
that his acre and a quarter of celery ture of living green in the state than
will net him close on to $3,000. that acre of celery it is worth going
J. E. Pace is one of the pioneer celery miles to see. It is truly beautiful and.
growers, and has been remarkably suc- what is better, it is more profitable
cessful. Last year he cultivated near than a gold mine.
six acres, and, with one possible ex- Uust across the road Ir. W. G. Al-
ception, had the finest and most profit- dridge has a fine "patch." This season
able crop in this section. This year is the Doctor's first, but he went at it
Mr. Pace has six acres, and none better like a veteran and has a splendid stand.
ever grew. Of this, three acres are From the acre in cultivation he will
"off" and three "on"-that Is, of the probably ship 800 crates of as fine eel.
first, part has been cut and shipped ery as. ever left Sanford. The Doctor
and the remainder is under the bleach- is well satisfied with his excellent be-
ing boards and will be sent out the ear- ginning and his fine celery, and will

Women as Well as Men

Are Made Miserable by

Kidney Trouble.

Kidney trouble preys upon the mind. dis-
courages and lessens ambition; beauty, vigor
and cheerfulness soon
disappear when the kid
neys are out of order
or diseased.
Kidney trouble has
{become so prevalent
that it is not uncommon
for a child to be born
afflicted with weak kid-
neys. If the child urin-
ates too often, if the
urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
reaches an age when it should be able to
control the passage, it is yet afflicted with
bnd-wetting, depend upon t. the cause of
the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
step should be towards the treatment of
these important organs. This unpleasant
trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
most people suppose.
Women as well as men are made mis-
erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
and both need the same great remedy.
The mild and the immediate effect of
Swamp-Rosot s soon realized. It is sold
by druggists, in fifty-
cent and one dollar
sizes. You may have a
sample bottle by mail Nl Q
free, also pamphlet tell- uno a e.
ng all about it, including many of the
thousands of testimonial letters received
from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton. N. Y.. be sure and
mention this paper.

Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
West Palm Beach, Fla.

l16 W. Forsyth St., bet. Hogan and Julia, Jack-
sonville, Fla.
Manchester Fire Insurance Co., Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Society, American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insuranee Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.

Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry ralslng
profitable. It Ia up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid ic, ill-
er for 75 cta per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 0 oet; 5 for 3
ets: 50 for 50 cts; 100 for IL

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

feor use In granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep In
sects from the seed. etc.
put up in ten and fifteen pound cans
fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksoville.

For polishing, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons, without
injury and at slight ex-
# Riverade. Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa agents
for Florida..




next season put in eight or ten acres community and the many friends of
on the east side. the family in Lake and Sumter coun-
Mr. King, foreman for Hon. J. N. ties will be pleased to hear of the ONN ALDR I
Whitner, whose place is just beyond success that has attended their efforts
Dr. Aldrida7 has his home garden to better their material condition since
"chuck full" of fine celery from "eend they located in their new homes and JUsesPeruna in his Fam ilyW ith Very
to eend." He will have more than 800 trust there will be no change in the
crates for shipment just from his gar- tide of their fortune.-C. L. Bitinger, reat
den Dlot. in Ocala Star.
A half mile farther along is the eel- *
ery farm of the Hon. J. N. Whitner,
the pioneer grower of Florida. Mr. Vegetable Aites.
Whitner has ten acres in cultivation. The complaint of the vegetable grow-
and a magnificent crop it is. It stretch- ers at Gainesville and McIntosh, Fla.,
es from the house to the river and has been passed upon by the Interstate
back, a perfect sea of flashing, living. Commerce Commission. The case was
glowing emerald, fading to a milky brought three years ago. The com-
whiteness as the eye follows the stalk plaint was that the rates on vege-
to the ground. Although three carloads tables from the towns named to New
had been cut and shipped from that York and other Eastern points were
field-about 400 crates to the car-up unresaonable, and unjust in them- ----
to last Saturday, yet unless the fact selves, and relatively so as compared
had been stated, one would not have with rates from the same Florida
dreampt that the field had ever been points to Chicago.
disturbed, it appeared so solid and firm After going through the matter thor-
looking across from the entry to the oughly, the commission could not get
lake. Mr. Whitner is an enthusiastic definite Information on the essential
celery grower, but his enthusiasm is points. The farmers were vague in
of that thoroughly practical kind that their testimony about the weight of
hammers success out of whatever it the packages shipped to New York.
undertakes. In his handling of celery The roads and steamship lines which
he introduces many little labor-saving carry vegetables from Florida to New
"tricks"-insignificant, perhaps, to the York and other Northern and Eastern
thoughtless observer, but which save points, charge by the barrel or crate.
valuable time and many a dollar in the These crates vary in weight. Some of
season's crop. Mr. Whitner will be the growers thought they averaged
shipping heavily the next three weeks, about 125 pounds each. The roads
and is realizing fancy figures. He also claimed that the packages averaged
has two other young fields coming on, 180 pounds each. and, at all events.
one above the shell mound, the other the growers could ship 180 pounds in
in the "bottom," both of which bid fair, a package if they wished to. and would
If it be possible, to surpass the crop not pay any more for it than if it
now going to market.-Gate City weighed only 125 pounds.
Chronicle. The roads which carry vegetables to
* the West charge strictly by the hun.
Tomato Farm. dred pounds, regardless of the pack-
As the people of Miami were desir- Among the points brought out in the
ous that the editors should see the investigation was the fact that Flor. CONsIaveE.Ii WIL IS. ALDRICH, OF ALDICH. AI .
trucking Interests of that section, and Ida ships seventy-thre e per cent of her
particularly their tomato farms for vegetables to the North and twenty- Congressman William F. Aldrich, of Aldrich, Ala., in a recent letter to the
which that portion of the state has be- two per cent West. PeranaMedicineCompany, written romWashington, D.C.,speaks oftheirgreat
ity of the sll, yield and profits made Half of the business for the North tonic and catarrh ere in the following words:
ity of the soil, yield and profits made
on their cultivation, carriages were goes all by rail, the balance being sent This is to certify that Peruna, manufactured by
provided us and we were taken out to Savannah by rail, and going thence
the public road, and a good one by steamer. Rates were higher in isr The Peruna Medicine tCo, of Columbus, Ohio, has
to see what was in sight at Buena than in 1888, but the weight of the u in ay family with It is fie
Vista, Lemon City and Little River. crates had Increased. b used in m family with success It is a fae
At Lemon City we had the good for- The commission found that the rail- tonic and will build up a depleted system rpdy I
tune to meet Mr. Sot Peters, a former ways have increased their facilities for
resident of Lake and Sumter counties, handling the vegetable crop. This can recommend it to those who need a safe, reliable
but since the big freeze, with his boys, kind of freight requires quick collect medi-' cine for deb
are the most successful growers of to- tion of the shipments, rapid transit edi e for debility
matoes in all that country round. to market and prompt delivery. As a Address The Perana Medicine Co, Columbus, Ohio, for a free copy of
We found Mr. Peters at home, and he rule, the Florida roads allow the grow- Smmer Catarrh," whih treats on the phases of catarrh peculiar tohotweather,
kindly consented to go with us and ers to erect platforms at points con- and contains Dr.rtmans experienceof fifty years in the treatment of these
show us some of the fields and tell us venient to their farms, and there place diseases.
all about what he knew of the busi- their packages. This is done to save
ness and his experience and that of the farmers time and expense in haul-
his sons in growing tomatoes. ing to the regular stations. These plat. tion of vegetables has increased, and is Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription.
Mr. Peters has fifty acres maturing; forms are often very close together, the price decreased within the period It promotes perfect regularity, dries up
his sons, Tow and Will have 135 acres sometimes less than a mile apart. Spe- named. debilitating drains, heals ulceration,
at Cutler and 63 acres at home, making cial trains are run to pick up these It would appear that the vegetable cures female weakness, and establishes
a total of 247 acres. shipments, and carry them to some growing industry in Florida has not of the delicate womanly organs in vig-
The first season they arrived late noint of concentration. "There is lit- late years been as profitable as former- orous and permanent health. No other
and only put out four acres, from tle or no complaint of the train ser- ly. The overproduction of vegetables, medicine can do for woman what is
which they cleared $2,200. Their see- vice." says the commission report. the "glutting" of Northern markets as done by Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescrip-
ond crop footed up over $6,000; their the result of overproduction, the carry tion. 1wk.
third crop went over $7.000; their The through trains make about Ing over of cabbages "lf over in the a
fourth crop was lost by frost, while twenty-five miles an hour. No stops Northern markets," and the destruc- Putting His Wife rat.
rough estimates this season placed the are made. except at junction points n. of cthrops by severe cold or A pretty story is told in the San
crop at 75000 to 90,000 crates, and at f a car runs hot. it is set ont.and the rezes," as is termed by growers. Fra nciseo Argonarut of how John C.
the usual profits, sy a dollar a crate train roceds. Often. the roads havee are some of the reasons outside of and Fremont, informed his wife (nee Jes-
net. will yield them a fortune large to carry ears only partly loaded. beyond the mere question of rates as- sie Benton, who spent her girlhood
enough to startle the ordinary tiller of The time between Florida and New signed for unprofitable seasons. days in St. Louis), of the joyful news
the soil. York has been reduced twenty-four In summing up the commission could of his election as Senator of California
So far this season the Peters have hours in the last few years. The time not arrive at a very clear conclusion, in 1850. The balloting of the delegates
shipped 1,400 crates, for which they required by the rail and water route Iecause the evidence was so indefinite; took place in San Joba, and Mrs. Fre-
have received $4 a crate gross. Their via Savannah. is less than four days. hut there was ground to believe that mont was in Monterey, and as a season
rates of freight are from 55 to 68 cents When vegetables shipped via the rail the growers were not well-informed as of heavy rains was on, there was but
Their lands are what is called low and water route arrive in New York in to their rights; and the commission little prospect that her keen desire to
or everglades, but need fertilizers, say bad condition they are thrown over- suggests to the roads to set forth more know the result would find Immediate
1,000 pounds to the acre, to make them board. and no charge is made for the clearly, in their tariffs, the rates, char- gratification.
produce at their best. freight. If some of the shipments are ges and freights.-The Common Carri- Before a blazing fire that night sat
freis ht. Fremont's wife. She heard nothing but
During the packing season labor is in good condition, they are sold to pay er. the storm without, till the door open-
in great demand and commands read- the charges on the had. Farmers are ed and a man, dripping with rain
fly $1.25 a day, though now most of the not required to nrepay freight unless Between the ages of fifteen and for- stood on the threshold and asked, in
work is done by the piece, or 30 cents a the market is glutted. in which event ty-five, the time when womanhood be- consideration of his sorry plight, if he
crate, the packer supplying all the ma- they are tut on notice five days in ad- gins and motherhood ends, it is estim- might enter. It was Fremont. He had
terial to put them in shape for ship- vance. Formerlyv the Pennsylvania ated that the aggregate term of wo- torn himself away from his idolizing
ping. road required the commission mer- man's suffering is ten years. Ten years followers and ridden out into the dark-
There are other large tomato growers chants to nav freight on all shinments. out of thirty! One third of the best ness and storm to tell his wife, seventy
besides Mr. Peters and his sons, but whether thev arrived in New York in part of a woman's life sacrificed! Think miles away, that he had been elected
none that we heard of that were any good condition or not Merchants who of the enormous loss of time! But time to the United States Senate.
more successful. refured to nav were blacklisted. This is not all that is lost. Those years of Though it was late in the night when
Mr. Peters has a very promising practice. however. was discontinued suffering steal the bloom from the he reached Monterey, he was In the
young orange grove set out a year ago. four years ago. cheeks, the brightness from the eyes, sadle again before dawn and on his
Messrs. Peters live in. nice houses The prices received for vegetables. It the fairness from the form. They write way back to San Jose, making in all
they have built since they went to that appears, are lower than they were. say their record in many a crease and a ride of 140 miles.-San Francisco
section that would be a credit to any ten or twelve years ago. The produc- wrinkle. What a boon then to women, Argonaut.


Southern Hams and Bacon. hard and not easily melted, but giving
something of the consistence of the
When I was in Europe, when I was flesh; just precisely the rail-splitter,
young, and engaged in learning things, which when hunted by the dogs from
I spent a part of a vacation in a Ger- the corn-field in which he has been
man mountain and forest country and trespassing, turns on his side and sllp
there I became acquainted with the or- through the thin rails at the bottom so
iginal forest swine, which afterwards deftly that the dogs stand in amaze
I found in the woods of our southern nent at its sudden disappearance. Af
country. In the forests of Bohemia and ter a summer's feeding in a wood lot
Westphalia I found the original of our or on some old field, but, far better, on
Southern rail splitter, which lives on a tield cultivated and thoroughly plow
the roots of the pines and other trees, ed and sown with some feeding, crop
and the various other kinds of food such as peas, or rape especially, or clove
which he finds in the woods, or which or, or young sorghum, or the very use-
he can gather in the old fields. It is an ful, quick-growing crimson clover, thus
exact picture of the German hog, of giving ample food for making the best
which the noted Westphalian hams and lean meat, and then finished in a wood
bacons are made, and which is only lot on mast with a little of the waste
to be produced in this country at the corn-not much of it or the fat of the
fancy grocery stores of the Northern meat will not have the requisite hard
d Western cities, and which bring ness and absence of soft oiliness-until
fancy prices. This kind of pig makes the cold weather arrives, when it is
ender meat, mixed fat and lean in thin safe to put up the meat and cure it
ks, and the kind of food it sub- and get it to market early in the new
upon gives this meat a special year.
vor which is exceedingly palatable. Then this is the way the meat is to
fattening of the pigs on the mast, be cured. As the cheeks are salable, it
he chestnuts, the chinquapins and the is best not to bruise the head by blows
corns, the mast, as it is commonly of the axe in the killing, but to save
aled, finishes the feeding during the them and cure them with the rest of
all months and brings the pigs into the meat. The pig is bled in the usual
the right condition to make this way, so that the carcass is well drained
and highly, but finely, flavored of the blood; it is dressed in the usual
t. And in this kind of swine the way, but cleanly, so that the skin of the
southern farmer possesses really a meat is free from hair, and is cut into
mne of wealth if he will only work strips lengthwise from the shoulder
up. And this he may do at the same to the ham, each strip weighing four or
dime he works up his land into a condi- live pounds. The hams are cut so that
Lion of very profitable improved fertil- the broad end is brought to a point
pty. somewhat, and not rounded off so
The pig is one of the most easy and much as is done by our curers; the
conveniently kept of all our farm ani- shoulders are trimmed of the ribs and
imala. There is no other kind which cut squarely; the loins are not cured
ia able to care for itself so well. It has these will be kept for home use.
no special parasites which annoy it, it he uti is oe i sh
is the most cleanly of all animals when The cutting s done in such a way
it is provided with the means of keep- that the meat is smooth and thin, and
ing itself clean, which it finds in the may be easily cured with safety with-
woods, without troubling its owner to out oversalting, and the most particu-
look after It for him. Changes of the lar point of the whole business is that
weather do not interfere with his com- the meat may keep the natural flavor
fort, and it will eat anything, from the of it without being deprived of any of
pine roots to the waste milk of the it in the curing. The salting is done
tl, and the soft corn, and will get dry, the meat being rubbed with a
as t as he is wanted to be on the mixture of salt and sugar, in the pro-
fL, with which the Southern woods portion of one part of sugar to four of
t filled. just at the season when the salt, with a small quantity of saltpeter
time comes. Indeed, it only added to lessen the saltiness of the
Meds to be mentioned in this eonnec- inislhed meat. The salting continues
tie to appear as one of the most on- two weeks, the meat being rubbed sev-
t*dent and profitable of all farm ani- eral times during this interval and kept
nas which exists In tle ordinary con- with the skin down.
4tloi of the South. Long salting is not needed on ac-
And we have it already on hand. It is count of the thinness of the meat
ecl ly the right animal in the right which permits it to take up all the salt
e for the improvement of the land needed in a short time, and the slow
1here there are no sheep, and indeed, it thorough smoking also helps in the due
*aands in this respect ahead of sheep curing of the meat for long keeping.
4 being able to take care of itself, and The smoking is done every day for
M not subject to attack by the many one hour at a time, and overheating of
Knds of vermin by which the helpless the meat is avoided, the cold smoke
sleep Is annoyed and destroyed. The alone being used. The meat Is not wrap.
rtecoon or the wildcat or the rattler ped in cloth, only in common brown
ntver meddle with the young pigs and paper when it is packed for sale. Dur-
tie raven never lights on its back and ing all this process the utmost cleanli-
ets It-literally alive-as it is apt to ness is observed, the meat is trimmed
dp the lambs and even the older sheep, smoothly of all rags, and altogether is
Is ahart, the pig is self-sustaining, eas- sent to market smooth, neatly and
Ily supplied, and increases more rap- cleanly. As it is the rule with other
dly than any other of the domestic things the appearance sells it, and the
animals, bringing two litters in the quality, being good, keeps the trade.
year and rearing them without any There is no good reason why the South-
trouble or attention from its owner, ern farmer should not make a business
Barely an animal of this kind is worthy of making this kind of meat which can-
of being provided with a place and sus- not be made so well except under our
tenance at the season of the year when special circumstances; especially In our
It needs It most. extensive mountain country, and cornm-
But more so still; it is worth con- pete very favorably with the Western
silering as a helper in the improvement corn feeders, while the land is improved
of the land, and in this way made to at the same time by growing the crops
support Itself and bring In much profit needed for the feeding of the pigs.-H.
tolts owner. It is just the very kind of Stewart in Home and Farm.
animal which will fill a special place
In providing a special article of con-
smnpoon right at home, or so nearby 'ruit and Truck in the South.
thit the cost of getting it to market During the last ten years the truck-
is not worth considering. Thus, doubt- ing and fruit business for shipment to
less, some information as to the meth- Northern and Western markets has
od of making this kind of bacon and wonderfully developed. The total for
hams will be useful and interesting. I the whole South cannot be given with
hare made some of it and tested it in any degree of accuracy, but a few facts
th market in the city of New York, here and there indicate the magnitude
aml through friends who were ac- of this industry. Careful reports have
quainted with the costly imported shown that the trucking business m-
meats and know that when it is put mediately around Norfolk averages
in the right way it will go for the for- about $8,000,000 a year. The Illinois
eign article without a question. Central Railroad, through Mr. T. J.
The ordinary thin-bodied, slab-sided Hudson, traffic manager, advises the
p* In what is wanted; one with tile Manluacturers' Record that during 1900
s.thin face, the long back and flat- that road "handled about 23,000 cats
taes, the meat made of alternate of fruit and vegetables from the Missis-
stseaks of fat and lean and the lean sippi valley country, having an approx-
tader and having the flavor of the inmate value of $10,350,000." In Tenne-
febWd-the masts chiefly-and the fat see the Nashville, Chattanooga & St.

SLouis road handled 5349 tons of fruit
and vegetables originating on its
,'own lines and 50,996 tons received
I from other roads, while the other roads
Sin that state handled about 28,000 tons
Which originated on their own lines.
The Louisville & Nashville Railroad
- handled of fruits and vegetables dur-
ing the year 17,472 cars, or 185,931 tons.
The Southern Railway Company,
Makes no report of this character, but
- its fruit and vegetable freight was
doubtless largely in excess of that of
- any other road in the South, as, with
its great mileage, it drains the whole
Central South from Virginia to the
SMississippi river. In some years it has
Shauled about 10,000 carloads of Geor-
gia watermelons alone. The Atlantic
Coast Line and the Seaboard Air Line
- and others do a very heavy business
I with fruits and vegetables, and when
we turn to the coast region of Texas
Sand to Arkansas we also find an enor-
mous tonnage of the same character.
It is not generally known that three-
fourths of the peach crop of the United
SStates is grown in the South. No later
I figures than 1890 are yet available, as
the statistics of these small crops are
only compiled in each census year. In
S1890 the South's production of apples
Swas double that of peaches, and the
difference is doubtless still greater now,
as apple-growing is probably making
Seven more rapid progress than peach
Production. The yield of apples and
* peaches for 1890 by states was as fol-
t Apples. Peaches.
States Bus. Bus.
Maryland...... 1,410,413 803,019
SVirginia ....... 8,391,425 1,052,000
West Virginia.... 4,439,978 376,662
North Carolina .. 7,591,541 2,740,915
South Carolina ... 435,484 1,490,633
1 Georgia ........ 2,113,055 5,525,119
Florida.. .... ... 2,610 230,290
Kentucky ...... 10,679,389 846,138
Tennessee... .. 7,283,945 2,555,099
Alabama ........ 1,238,734 2,431,203
M Mississippi.. .. 605,368 1,324,354
SLouisiana ...... 117,748 310,217
Texas .......... 742,993 5,106,332
Arkansas ....... 1,894,346 3,201,125

46,947,029 27,993,106
STotal for country
South included 143,105,689 36,367,747
Thus out of a total apple crop of 143,-
100,000 bushels the South had 46,947,-
000 bushels, and out of a total peach
crop of 36,367,000 bushels the South
had 27,993,000 bushels. In 1899 Flor-
ida's orange crop yielded $690,000, and
the 1900 yield will doubtless consider-
ably exceed that. The peanut crop of
that state is officially reported at $932,-
000, pineapples brought 392,000 and
sweet potatoes $855.0'). For sonme un-
known reason the United States de-
partment of agriculture, in its annual
reports, takes no account of sweet
potatoes. It reports the yield by states
of "potatoes," but falls to specify that
this refers only to white or Irish po-
tatoes. In this way the south is placed
at a disadvantage in comparison with
other sections, for its production in
this line is mainly of sweet potatoes. In
1900 its Irish potato crop was 16,940,-
410 bushels, worth $10,254,497. Its
sweet potato crop, which is never re-
corded except in census reports, was,
In 1890, 39,000,000 bushels. With an in-
in 1890 39,000,000 bushels. With an in-
crease in population of about twenty
five per cent in ten years, and a great-
er increase in agriculture, the South's
sweet potato crop must be about 5W,-
000,000 bushels at present. The average
value of the Irish potato crop, as re-
ported by the United States agricul-
tural department, was sixty cents a
bushel, but estimating the sweet pota-
toes at fifty cents, the aggregate value
would be about $25,000,000.
These items are simply given at ran-
dom, gathered here and there to show
that with $8,000,000 trucking crop at
Norfolk, with $10,000,000 of fruits and
vegetables from the Mississippi valley
over the Illinois Central alone, with
185,000 tons of similar freight over the
Louisville & Nashville, with 25,000,000
to 30,000,000 bushels of peaches and 45,
000,000 to 50,000,000 bushels of apples,
with the vast fruit and trucking busi-
ness in the Carolinas and Georgia, in
Southern Alabama, in Texas and Ar-
kansas, Tennessee and other states, the
estimate of the south's shipments of
fruits and vegetables at $50,000,000
must be accepted as conservative. Cer-

We live by our blood, and on
it. We thrive or starve, as
our blood is rich or poor.
There is nothing else to li -
-n or by
When strength is full and
spirits high, we are being re-
freshed, bone muscle and brain,
in body and mind, with con
tinual fow of rich blood.
This is health.
When weak, in low spirits,
no cheer, no spring, when rest
is not rest and sleep is not
sleep, we are starved; our blood
is poor: there is little nutri-
ment in it.
Back of the blood, is food,
to keep the blood rich. When
it fails, take Scott's Emulsion
of Cod Liver Oil. It sets the
whole body going again-man
woman and child.
If von have not tried it, send for free sample.
its agreeable taste will surprise you.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists
tO9-419 Pearl Street, New Votk.
soc. and si ao. all druggists.

Will Treat all Diseases or Domesticat-
ed Animals
A Specialty.

40 Acres for $40 o ora-ge
and pine-
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.



HAVE been well cared for and are
nearly ready to fruit. They
are grove trees. Tangerines, Satsu-
ma, Grapefruit and others. Will
transplant and replace all losses in
quantity of five trees or over.
W. H. Haskell, DeLand, Fla. I

tainly an equal amount was consumed
at home.
Thus, as per the preceding table, we
Total from cotton, including manu-
factures, $722,500,000. Other agricul-
tural products than cotton, as given in
detail, 685,500,000, total $1,408,000,000.
Omitting three mlinufactures of cotton
and cotton oil, these figures show the
total value of the South's agricultural
products as $1,220,500,000.-Southern
Farm Magazine.
Johnson's Tonic is a superb Grip
cure. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison from the system. Does it quick.
Within an hour It enters the blood and
begins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day it places a Grip
victim beyond the point of danger.
Within a week, ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of perfect health. Price, 50 cents
If It cures. Ask for Johnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing els


mra MTUjaR DBPABTMIT. going to be compelled to do so. I there- Making Fertilizsr at Home.
All communications or inquiries for this de- fore thought I would ask yourof agriculture
regard to this matter. Don't you think TeVermontboard of agriculture
parent should be addressed to I had better let the weeds and grass re- gives the following advice: "Take 200 In every town
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, main awhile longer or would you plow pounds of bone meal; sift through a d village
ertllier DeDt. Jacksonville, Fla. the Kroes now? In forming your opin- ine sieve. Take the coarse part 100 and village
ion in this matter you must take into pounds, put in a tub, and apply two may be had
consideration that we are just now or three pails of water till moist; then
Editor Fertilizer Department: having about dryest spell of weather add two gallons of sulphuric acid the
I have almut one acre of grape fruit we have had in a long time. Please let Stir all up; let stand twelve hours, and
trees, nearly ready for Ibaring. and f it hear front you fully in regard to add one gallon of acid as above. The
trees, nearly ready for bearing. and this matter at once r whole will weigh about 350 pounds.
find the new growth of leaves present s t on.Then add 1650 pounds dry loam or any \
a variegated look similar to the ene- m. Lyl. Then add 0 ponds dry la or n M ica
a variegated l oo k similar to the enclos- ow, Fla kind of plaster, and about two hun-
ed. The land is hammock and ap- r"' dred pounds of the resulting mixture
parently in a good state. Last spring I Do not plow or cultivate while trees will do for an acre." This is stated to
fertilized first with wood ashes, next are in bloom. An application of fertil- be as good as any fertilizer on the
cotton seed meal, and finally twice with market What do you thin of it?
"Ideal Fruit and Vine," all in moder- zer followed by plowing or harrowing market What do you think of i
ate quantity. I have taken about two is liable to make the trees cast their Waterville, N. Y.
hundred samples of the soil and find fruit We have seen a good crop lost,
a very slight acid reaction to litmus in this way. When the oranges have be In our opinion it would be folly for
paper. Will you please suggest cause any farmer to attempt to manufacture
and remedy, and inform me if the in- come fully set, as will be shown by the acid phosphate or dissolved bone fer- made that makes your
dications of leaf suggest any special color and size, you can proceed with tilizer at home. The making of high *5, horss lad
disease. The trees are vigorous and fo- your fertilizing and cultivation, grade commercial fertilizer, is a busi- eOil C glad.
liage of good color. Kindly reply ness requiring technical training, and
through Agriculturist. for one who knows nothing about it,
"I. W. H." Will Not Bell MBaw Materials. failure will almost certainly result. Be-
Belleview, Fla. Soia. of the fertilizer dealers in Geor- fore the bones are treated, they shouldthers Then when w
From the appearance of tile leaves gilta wl sell mixed fertilizers and buy be ground very fine, and the iner the many others. Then, when we get
judge that raw materials are taken in hand by the grinning tile more nerfet will the acid extra peach, we bud from said tree,
we should you had no i- state experiment farm for not selling at. keep it pure. If you bud from one tre
mediate cause for alarm. Tie peculiar raw materials to farmers, and it is sug- Anyone who is not familiar with the years you will get the sam
variegated appearance is due to the gested that the legislature pass a law use of sulphuric acid had better leave an a m p
rapid growth and will disappear as the to make them sell the goods desired, it alone. and buy fertilizer from a comn- Brther Str eow must proce
leaf gets older. If you look closely Those whom the gods destroy they petent manuftictnrer. There is usually Brother buddingfellow for his process
first make mad. The fact is that the ol the farm no means for thoroughly ternbuod di Als nIfle
you will see that the color is already dealers do not pretend to sell anything mixing the acid with the bones, and ku for Brother Ondronk
growing darker close to the veins and not manufactured by them, or purchas- on the thoroughness of this work sue- thrown upon the whole and piece
will soon spread over the entire leaf. ed in the manufactured form, and such cess will largely depend. Where acid root system of propagating frn t treta
The leaf will also become much thick- a law would consequently hardly phosphate with fourteen per cent avail- My impression is there Is an tmportant
stand the tests of the courts. In this able phosphoric acid can be purchased point in the seedling question. Plant
er. If the variegated appearance should country no man can be forced to handle for $14 per ton, it will be found cheap- the seed, two to four, where you wat
continue sprinkle air slaked lime over any articles which he prefers to ignore. er to purchase the manufactured goods. the tree to stand. When they get l -
tne soil and harrow in, which wil cor- -The American Fertilizer. A fertiozer made as recommended der headway, pll ong ut all but one, ea
would only contain phosphoric acid as Ing the strongest; put a bud In near
reci any acidity in the soil. In Florida the growers do not have the plant-food, and the quantity of this the ground of any variety you desire;
a to ask for legislation to enable them available would be unknown. To add cut the stock off about the bud, and
Editor Ferttlizer Department: to buy different fertilizing chemicals to 350 pounds of the acid mixture never move thetree nor break nature
or raw material They can get any- 1650 pounds of dry loam would add formation of roots from the seed, and
Relative to the cultivation and fertili- or raw material They can get any- nothing of special value to the fertil- y experience is you have all there
nation of bearing orange trees: You thing they want in that line. This is zer. It would simply dilute and make in the longevity of a tree.
have repeatedly stated through the col- a fact they should not overlook when more easy the distribution. For any
umns of your paper, that bearing or- placing their orders for fertilizers. If one to assert that 200 pounds of the
ange trees should not be cultivatedyou patronize the manufacturers in the above mixture will do as well as any
and plowed, but that the fertilizer fertilizer, is folly. No nitrogen or pot-
should be broadcasted over the ground state that supply you with whatever ash is furnished, and but little phos-
-"the only cultivation needed being to materials you want you are not only phoric acid. We strongly urge that no
mow down the grass mad weeds dur- helping state enterprises but you are farmer attempt the use of acid in mak-
ing the summer months." Are we to maintaining a supply depot for your- ing his own phosphate. The money cost
understand from this that you do not aidl the wear on clothes and patience,
approve of running the harrow over self. Every ton of fertilizer bought from will be too great for the results ac- and Cardoner
the grove during the dry season, that manufacturers out of the state makes coniplished.-Country Gentleman. oth b orse sl
is to say, during the months of April it just that much harder for the state o ''*
and May? Are we to understand that anufatreture rs to keep open the supplyeet n Varieties.
you disapprove of turning under, with Perpetuating Varieties.
a plow, in the fall, the grass and depot. There is no state in the union ill try to write a few
weeds? And that the fertilizer should where a farmer can get a supply of I ill try to write a ns R e .t.. .
be-nefit of farmers and fruit growers, iwMia rna S
not be covered with the plow? fertilizing materials with the same says a writer in Farm and Ranch.
Subscriber. ease that he saw in Florida. Knowing that experienced horticultur- J J lh. GReoo,
(renada, Miss. ists know those things does not lessen, 8.
If we had a grove of large healthy my desire to inform those who may
e s w wou ot ge hany Bone Phosphate. not fully understand them. The im-
sorange trees, we would not give any- ofconfusion n the minds pression I desire to make is that no Gret Hew Inventi
one five cents per acre for "running of agricultural readers s sometimes ex- man ever saw a specimen of fruit that
the harrow over the grove" during Irrienced as to the term "'Bone Phos- was not a seedling In the first place.rotects Orcha
April or May. There is only one condi- phate," and of its availability, and it It is utterly impossible to get a change Q Protects Orchards,
tion under which we would allow the is difficult for them to understand the except in the seed or bloom. Plant o Gardens, Tobacco
grove to be plowed in the fall and that difference between the value of ground broomcorn and sorghum together two Tomatoes, Cabbage,
bone phosphate and ground rock phos- or three years, and you will have no Squashes, u c um-
is where there is danger of fire. We phate, which analyze chemically the brooms or molasses. Also, plant field bers, etc., from
would then prefer to have the grove same percentage of phosphoric acd. corn, popcorn, yellow, white and worms.
worked with a cutaway or disc har- The difference In the two is in the fact sugar-corn together; there will be a It was patented by
row so as not to break any more of that bone is a porous, organic body, perfect mixture and in two or three $.1-mt Ar- t experienced orchard-
giving access to the roots of the plants, years you will have none of them pure. ist after thorough
the roots than possible. Whether or not while the ground rock is a solid grain I claim you cannot get the same fruit tests by himself and others. IT PROV-
the fertilizer should be covered de- the roots feeding, if at all, only on the parent tree produced by planting ED A SUCCESS. The Moth Catder
pends on the kind used. If you use a its outer surface. Practically the bone, seed from said tree. The only way to is cheaper and better than spraying.
pure chemical fertilizer there is no loss. if finely ground, is all available, while get it pure is by grafting, budding, Try it.
the ground rock phosphate, analyzing layering or by cuttings. This is the Send for testimonials, Agents terms,
If you use an organic fertilizer you the same percentage of phosphoric acid, reason our forefathers of all nations etc.
will have to "bury" it so that it can is almost wholly unavailable without grafted and why we are at It today. Price, small size, 85 cents. Large
decompose that it may give up its being at first treated with phosphoric As I stated in the first place, no one size, $1.00.
plant food. Please bear in mind that -id'l. Bone phosphate is a trade name ever saw a frUit that was not a seed-
this etod is not for young trees or representing a combination of three ling in its origin. Some of the seed- Address S. A. Haseltine,
this method not f young trees or rts lime and one of phosphoric acid. lings are extra fine; but they are few SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI.
where growth of tree is wanted, but whether found in ground bone or Flor- and far apart. While you may get a
where fruit of fine quality is desired. ida ph osplate rock. in the latter state tine specimen, you are liable to get a
ter'llne "flonts. This distinction is very hundred not worthy of cultivation. HAND CULTIVATOR
imnlortant to the buyers of fertilizers, As there are hundreds of varieties now
Editor Fertilizer Department: :mid lias been frequently referred to in grown alld many varieties introduced
What is your experience in regard to past Imibers of the Ruralist. All ef- front other nations, hence the pollen U yrowa
plowing and cultivating orange trees forts to convince the buyers of fertili- blowing from one tree to another, and mvre garde lan sford, tie eeirr
oft '. frl -siai e an a 1 ati Detre-,
when they are in heavy bloom or just zers that ground phosphate rock or the busy honey bee darting from one I to t s on as.. reept 1.
tree to another, with his little downy S5on.V.T- 0E. 1J
starting young fruit? I am at con- soft pnospnate was available for plant tree toa no overedwith yehi litpole ownand A 'a HILLns a dD. a 1
siderable loss to know just how to act food. where successful, have only re- covered with yellow pollen, and
about this. Our trees are blooming the sltel il disappointment to the pur- continually diving into the flowers. By
fullest I believe have ever seen trees ch:aer..--Soutihen Ruralist. planting these seeds you get
fullest I believe have ever seen trees c many varieties. From clings free-
do in my life, and have lots of young * stones, and from freestones you get
fruit already formed and set. My de- To make cows pay, use Sharpies clings. By good authority, Elberta s
sire is not to cultivate for awhile yet, Cream Separators. Book "Business a seedling of Chinese Cling, also Thur- ioL aa B lL
but weeds and grass are getting such Dairying" and catalogue 208 free. W. ber, Triumph and Sneed, those being
headway that it looks as though I am Chester, Pa. all free; also, Gen. Lee, Stonewall, and


HOaratLL- UaE.




Chionanthus Virginica.
This is the name of a native shrub
occasionally found in cultivation under
the name of "Fringe Tree." This is not
what is known as "Fringe Tree," or
"Purple Fringe Tree" at the North,
that is Rhus cotinus.
The Chionanthus is found from
Pennsylvania to Florida and Texas. It
is not common in this part of Florida.
we have never seen it growing wild.
We have a fine bush sent to us many
years ago by our friend, P. W. Reason-
er, which every spring Is covered with
a cloud of white flowers for a long
time. On our place it has formed a
rather straggling bush, the growth is
by no means symmetrical and requires
considerable pruning to keep In any
reasonable shape.
Henderson's Handbook says it does
best when grafted upon the common
ash, being much more vigorous and at-
taining finally a height of twenty-five
feet. This shrub ought to be found
more commonly in cultivation. When in
full bloom it is very beautiful.
It was at one time offered by Rea-
soner Brothers, but so far as we know
is not catalogued in this country, ex-
cept by one dealer in native plants.

Parrot's Feather.
As a rule we do not use common
names of flowering or ornamental
plants, especially when writing about
them. But this Is one case where the
public are really excusable for not us-
ing the botanical fame. The name is
Myriophyllum proserpinacoldea The
specific name is almost uhpronounc-
able, though the generic name Myrlop-
hyllum is really one letter shorter than
The plant Is a native of Chili and is
an aquatic or water plant. Like the
Water Hyacinth and many other aqua-
tics it will accommodate itself to a va-
riety of circumstances and can be
grown on moist soil, without any stand-
Ing water. In cultivation it is most
commonly used for hanging baskets.
For the best success in a basket a
glass, earthenware or metalic vessel
that will hold water should be fitted
inside the hanging basket. This should
be filled about one-third full of very
rich earth plants set in and the basin
filled with water. Rooted plants are
not necessary as it roots from cuttings
very easily and quickly.
The long stems with their feathery
foliage, drooping over the sides of the
basket are very beautiful.
To see this plant at its best it should
be grown in a pond or for the lack of
a pond, a good sized pot of rich
soil containing a plant may be set
into a large tub of water containing no
soil. When floating on water thus, the
,oliage shows of to a better advantage
than in any other position.
We have never seen the plant in
bloom yet, but the flowers are small
and inconspicuous.
We have in this part of Florida a na-
tive species growing in ponds and road-
side ditches. The leaves are coarser,
not so finely divided nor so abundant,
but it is perfectly hardy here and if we
had never had the imported species
would be greatly admired.
Can't you win one of our premiums?

Bex Begonias.
Editor Floral Department:
The Rex Begonias are often called
the "King of the foliage plants" and I
have found them one of the easiest
plants to grow in pots or boxes.
Here in South Florida they grow like
weeds in the slat house where they re-
ceive the light, air, and no sun. Sev-
eral ladies Who have them growing in
pots and boxes on a veranda are also
successful with them. I had them
growing in pots in an east window of
a sitting-room in Michigan for several
years and while they made fine plants
they did not grow so fast as the same
varieties do here.
The Rex varieties have very pretty
flowers, but their great beauty Is in
their beautiful foliage which is of a pe-
culiar metalic lustre, as though the
roots had absorbed all the metals in
the soil and painted them on their
leaves, the lovely markings being in
richest shades of silver, purple, olive,
gray. green, bronze, etc., while the
leaves are of pretty and some of pecu-
liar shapes.
Countess Louise Erdody, for instance,
has peculiar twisted leaves, one lobe of
the leaf twisting in a spiral over the
center of the leaf, it is often called the
"Snail" Begonia.
Revolutum is even more peculiar, the
whole leaf curled like a ram's horn.
The twelve best varieties for general
cultivation, giving a variety of color
and prettily shaped foliage are, Count-
ess Louise Erdody, Louise Closson,
Lesondsli, Mrs. A. G. Shepherd, R.
George, Surprise, Dr. James, Richmond
Beauty, L. Matrie, Mad. Rival, Grandis,
Mad. Le Boucq and there are many
others, all beauties.
The Rex never gets too large for a
window plant, they require a light, po-
rous soil, and seem to enjoy a pinch of
commercial fertilizers once a month.
Never sprinkle the foliage when there
is the least danger of the sun shining
on the plants as it is sure to burn holes
in the leaves.
The Rex is propagated from seed
and leaves. A well ripened leaf laid on
a box of sand the stem covered with
the soil, will produce several plants.
Cutting the veins will often cause sev-
eral plants to grow from the center of
the leaf.
Mrs. Jennie F. Dickerson.
Miami, Fla.
Cleome Pungens.
The following account of a very cur-
lous but ornamental annual flowering
plant we find in the Mayfower. We
only add that it may be grown very
successfully in Florida.
"This plant, often called Giant Spid-
er plant, is an annual, native of some
sections of the United States. It is a
peculiar looking plant, but one that is
of great use in the garden, being quite
showy. It can be planted anywhere,
and under almost any circumstances,
and yet give a good return for the
chance given it.
It blossoms from early summer until
cut down by frosts, and the plants at-
tain a height of from three to four feet,
branching freely, and each branch sur-
mounted by a loose panicle of flowers
in all shades of pink and crimson. It is
a plant that is in bloom every day of
the season, whether the weather be hot
or cold, wet or dry. It is also a splen-
did honey plant, and the flowers are
covered with bees all day long.
Seed germinates freely, and can be
planted in the open ground or in flats,
in the latter case they can be trans-
planted once before bedding out in
May, and flowers had a month earlier.
The flowers are followed by peculiar
seed pods, which, when they open to
let the seed fall, present a strange ap-
pearance; one section like a loop ex-
tending all around the pod.
For a northern exposure where few
flowering plants do well, this plant can
be recommended; they should be mass-
ed thickly and they will blossom freely
all summer. Though they do not grow
as tall as when given full sunshine
they make a fine appearance.
For edging a Canna bed they have
no equal,-as they grow as tall as the
Cannas, but make a slender growth
which fills in all the vacant spaces
until the Cannas grow large and
crowd them out. Most plants that grow
tall enough to use for bordering the

Flowering Plants gr"nfts Yon Can Plant These Now.
mixed colors; Asters. large, mied colors
Dianthus, mixed colors Verbenas, assorted THRIFTY WELL-ROOTED PLANTS.
colors; Cannas (dry bulbs, choice valletles,
mixed colors); Salvias, Splendens Dwarang c per do. by mal;50c per do. by express.
Spikes; Sweet Alysum; Oandy Tuft; Chrys- Five dos. for 2 by express.
anthemums. assorted. Address
Foiage Plants Coleus, ssorted; Velvet
Ahratus a pPlant; Royal Purple; MILLS, The Florist, Jackslville, Fla.
Ashyranthus; Acalypha, three varieties; at-
tenanthera. border plant (red and yellow A nice Boston Fern free with every dollar
and green and yellow.) order.

bed of Cannas grow too stocky, but
this is slender and graceful, just the
plant for the purpose."
The Chinese Bell lower.
Under its botanical name, Platyco-
don grandiflora, our contributor. "M,"
gave a brief account of his experiences
with this plant.
The following from the Mayflower
will, we hope, awaken snfficent Inter-
est to induce others to try it.
"The Chinese Bell Flower, or Platy-
codon Grandiflora, is a very fine
plant for a permanent bed or border. It
is a perennial, living and increasing in
beauty year after year. It can be grown
from seed, however, and will blossom
the first year if started early.
The plants grow about two feet in
height and bear a large number of five-
petaled star-like flowers, about three
inches in diameter. They remain in
blossom almost all the season and there
are several colors ranging from deep
blue to pure white, making a fine con-
trast when grown together.
The flowers are very fine for cutting,
remaining in perfect condition for sev-
eral days and yielding readily to any
form of decoration."

0onseftag Koisture in the Garden.
The following from Vick's Magazine
although written for market gardeners
and truck farmers, is just as appli-
cable in the flower garden. The writer
speaks of the hot dry weather of July
and August. In Florida those months
are usually a part of the rainy season.
But we very often have a severe drouth
and our hottest weather in May.
We tnrd that a good mulch of wire
grass, pine straw, long moss or any
coarse litter is a great help. Of course
a mulen of any kind is not specially or-
namental, but if it is the only sure

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
S and Lawn, Palms,
Bamboos, Conifers,
erns, Economic and
tbearing trees,
ties, and all

Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
We make speelal efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
disease. 17th year.. Beasoner Bro.
Ones, I.

(Contains no Arsenic.)
The OW Regailk

A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers, Malarial
Feers, Swamp Fevers and Billow Fevers.

Just what you need at this season.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any substitutes-TRY IT.
35C. AND $1.00 BOTTLES.

Prepared by

method of carrying a favorite plant LOUISVILLE, KY.
through a severe drouth it can be en-
We omit the latter part of the ar- the loss from evaporation and transpi-
tile which related to growing crops, ration of plants. An ordinary plant leaf
contains 10,000 pores to the square
to cover the soil after the first crop was inch. Through these pores the plant is
harvested and is not applicable to the constantly transpiring In the hot days
flower garden. when the sun shines, and in a closely
In July and August when the sun planted field the water pumped up from
evaporates moisture from the garden the sod through the roots by this pro-
very rapidly, how to conserve the cess is two to four pints of water per
moisture is a subject in which many square foot in twenty-four hours, or
people are interested. The plan of con- from fifty to 100 tons per acre. This is
serving moisture by an earth mulch In addition to the water which the soil
made by frequent cultivation, may be loses by evaporation and percolation;
the best one when growing farm crops, hence we see the Importance of con-
but for the gardener who practices an serving all the moisture the soil gets
intensive system, and who plants so from its natural sources, and supple-
closely that large quantities of water meeting it by irrigation when circum.
are required, the moisture which can stances permit. Even in the very best
be conserved by an earth mulch is not soils, the gardener who plants closely,
sufficient for the needs of the plants. must late in the summer when the
During a drouth of two weeks in Au- plants are large, to obtain the best re-
gust. I have had plants wilt to the sults, use means of conserving the
ground, although an earth mulch was moisture, or providing more than the
kept around them. I suppose that every- soil gets from its natural sources.
one who has cultivated the soil has no- From my experience with irrigation
ticed the difference in soil as to absorb- on my farm, I have learned how to
ing and retaining moisture-how gray- economize in the use of water by
elly and sandy soils rapidly lose their mulching or shading the surface of
moisture after rain, when exposed to the ground. I am now irrigating a field
hot sunshine, and that loamy soils full of celery planted in rows with alternate
of humus retain their moisture for a spaces between them of twelve and
longer time. Water soon percolates eighteen Inches apart. The wide
through a gravel bed, but a well drain- space is mulched with coarse manure
ed loam full of humus absorbs and re- and the plants are large enough to
tains water like a sponge, and under shade the narrow spaces. Irrigating
the right treatment conserves a con- this field once a week keeps the ground
stant supply of moisture for the grow- sufficiently moist, while another, with
ing plant. Water is the vehicle that the surface exposed to evaporation,
makes soluble and conveys the plant needs irrigating every day. In a word.
food in the soil through the structure the lessons learned are: Fill the soil
of the plant; hence the plant cannot- with humus to enable it to retain all
make a large growth without an ade- the moisture possible, give frequent
quate supply of water. Few people re- cultivation during the early part of the
alize the large quantities of water summer, then when practicable mulch
needed in hot dry weather to supply the surface not shaded by the plant.



Entered at the post-ofice at DeLand. Flor-
ida, a second class matter.

Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
Members of
Affiliated with the
One year, single subsrition.... ........ $.O.
Six months, single sbscription..... ... 1.00
Single copy.. .................... .......... .
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to an topic within the
scWpe o( this paper are solicited.
cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
on ble in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.


Why does not somebody in Florida
build sugar refineries and canneries
and make fiber out of the pineapple
leaves and sisal hemp? Why did not
the "gold-diggers of California" in '49
and the spring of '50 spilt rails, plant
corn and mend shoes?

Helen Harcourt says in her book on
Florida Fruits, "undoubtedly the ham-
mocks are the richest lands at the start,
but their fertility is deceptive, that is,
it is not lasting." And again, "but with
pine lands it is the reverse, they are the
poorer at the outset, but improve stead-
ily with each year's cultivation. Pine
lands with a clay subsoil are rauidly
coming more and more into favor as
the best possible basis to work upon."

S In some of the Southern states where
sweet potatoes are the staples of life,
It is a difficult matter to keep them
through the winter on account of the
changes in the weather, which are
sometimes sudden and severe, and in
consequence the farmers are often
obliged to purchase their seed abroad.
In northern Mississippi $2.50 and $3 is
no unusual price for seed about plant-
ing time. Florida furnishes a part of
these and ought to supply more.
.What is called"carrying coals to New-
castle," may sometimes be sound busi-
ness practice, if our coals are better or
different from those found in New-
castle. Those who complain of a want
of market for their fruit may be sur-
prised to know that an enterprising
grower near Boston, (which city im-
ports so many millions of bananas from
the West Indies) does good business in
shipping fine pears to Havana. And
some of them are the Kiefers, too.
A number of pineapple growers of
the East Coast have become dissatis-
fied with the I. R. & L. W. P. G. Asso-
ciation and have determined to organ-
ize an opposition. At a recent meet-
ing held in Eden they passed the fol-
lowing: "Whereas, the small and de-

& L. W. P. G. Association render it
of no value to us as a marketing me-
dium. Therefore we, the-undersigned
pineapple growers of the East Coast
of Florida agree among ourselves to
appoint Mr. James Williamson our
agent for distributing our fruit on,
as far as practicable, similar lines
to those outlined in the marketing sys-
tem of the I. & L. W. P. G. Associ-

It appears that there has been a se-
rious depletion of the oysters in Little
Sarasota Bay as well in some oth-
ers of our extreme southwestern coasts.
This has been caused by the practice

of a gang of thieves who Infest these
waters. When there is a strong north
wind and the tide is low, they take
everything they can reach, then retire
to some protected spot and throw away
what they do not want, thus destroying
the young which should have been left
to perpetuate the species.
Soliel lines since (coming to F'lorilda
we have doubted whether a praictictl
knowledge of tir'king in the North
was an advantage to the beginner
here. We have often thought that those
who know nothing about the business,
if intelligent and willing to learn, have
the best chance of success because they
have nothing to unlearn. Yet there is
no reason in the inherent nature of
things why an expert Northern garden-
er may not come here and meet with
success from the beginning. But he
must be tractable and not be imbued
with that overwhelming arrogance too
common to the Anglo-Saxon, which
causes him to reject all advice and
even the silent teachings of example.
Italy is one of the poorest and weak-
est of European nations because she
has no fuel with which to prosecute
manufactures. She remains only a pro-
ducer of raw material, and all such
communities are bound to remain in
the toils of poverty. In Florida we are
doing all we can to get rid of our fuel
--we have Ione but wood-and it looks
as if, before we shall get ready to go
into the manufactures, we shall not
have enough fuel to drive factor-
ies, or enough to kindle all occasional
tire in the tourist hotels. Yankee
comforts is about the only commodity
we manufacture or ever seem likely to.
Now, if we had enterprise enough to
go to making sugar, we should not
need fuel, for the bagasse itself heats
the furnace.

It Is a pity to leave standing the old
abandoned residences and dead orange
trees that are to be seen in various
parts of the orange belt. They give
travelers an unfavorable impression of
our state. The county commissioners
ought to try to discover some fund
that they could draw on, or awaken
sufficient public spirit to have citizens
hurn tile one and cut down the other.
The Phosphate Era says: "By com-
ing in contact with an intelligent
butcher we learned that tile velvet bean
produced so prolifically in this climate
is too hard when matured to feed to
stock muless ground. Since the intes-
tines of butchered cattle fattened on
dry velvet beaus are found to be punc-
tured ly the sharp edges of the beans
and covered with innumerable festers
and boils, which would eventually re-
sult in death if the cattle were sub-

creasing patronage given to the L. R.- sequently allowed to run on the range

and get thin." It is barely possible that
the beans eaten whole might trouble
in this way an occasional animal with
a tender stomach; but there is no ne-
cessity for it at all or for grinding
either. The beans can be soaked in the
pod and an immersion in water for
twelve hours so softens them that they
ire easily masticated by the animal.
It takes more brains to make money
farming in Florida than it does in the
old cotton or wheat states, but it also
takes more brains to keep that money.
A man, for instance, in Polk county,
plants one and one-half acres in totia-
toes on land cleared the proceeding
May, ships 200 crates which net him
$1.50 a crate, and thereby clears more
than he would on ten acres of cotton
in Georgia. But the tro,'bia is, easy to
make, easy to spend. In Georgia he
would have had ever IcFiore his mind
the necessity of economy and industry
because next year lie would not do
any better. In i'lorida .le would Ie"
tempted to send his ir-ney for table
and household supplies which he ought
to raise himself, because he would un-
consciously be revolving in his mind
the chances of making a brilliant
stroke with some fancy crop next year.

The Mayo Free Press, published over
in the piney woods where timber is
about the cheapest thing to be found,
reads its subscribers a valuanl-e rlsson
on their wastefulness: "The average
pine tree is worth at least twenty-five
cents as it stands, and forty trees to
the acre is a small average. This being
true, we simply throw away or let go
to waste ten dollars for every acre of
timber that we "deaden" and let rot.
Take the same amount of money and
we could have the trees dug up and
sawed or cut into wood. If a sawmill
man was to offer us less than twenty-
five cents per tree we would laugh at
him, yet we will kill the tree and let
it continue to take up space in the field
and spend hours every year picking up
the dead limbs and bark around it and
actually get not a particle of benefit
from it."
It is only the biting insects that will
be killed by spraying with Paris green.
The sucking varieties receive no detri-
ment from it. It is impotent against
the peach and plum curculio, as there
the egg is pushed by the female weevil
through the poison into the crescent-
shaped incision and imbedded safely
out of harm's way. The same is true of
all lice and bugs. They do not munch
and chew, but insert their sharp beaks
and suck the rich juices of the plant
Hence they can suck the very life out
of the plant though the latter may
be coated with Paris green, and not
even receive the first gripe of a stom-
achache. But the cut worm, the cab-
bage worm, the tomato worm and all
the soil brood that cut and masticate
the leaf are open to the sedative influ-
ences of the green, they swallow it
with their dinner mess of "greens,"
quietly double up and subsequent pro-
ceedings interest them no more.

In a recent article on sugar-making,
the Times-Union and Citizen referred
to the work of D. G. Purse, of Savan-
nah, in that behalf, and added: "In
order to make the estimate complete.
Capt. Purse will see that some fifty
samples of soil are sent to Washington
from each state. It will represent the
constituents of the soil from the sur-

face to, and including the subsoil, and
from its analysis the government chem-
ist will be able to divide the elements
present that serve to give cane its sug-
ar-yielding qualities." We would not
throw a straw in the way of sugar-
making or any well meant endeavors
to promote it; but this scheme of an-
alyzing soil to show where the sugar
comes from is so useless as to be laugh-
able. The piney woods soils of Florida
are among the sourest in the world,
yet they produce the sweet potato,
sugar-cane and sweet oranges far bet-
ter than clay soils, whose potash in the
form of decomposed granite and mica
makes them comparatively sweet.

Improve Your Corn.
It is worth while for the farmer to
improve the strain of his corn from
year to year. To do this, plant a patch
remote from the other corn for the
purlpose of raising seed corn alone.
Corn mlixes readily, and to hold it up
to ally high standard, it mast nave no
opportunity to imix with inferior va-
rieties. For this patch select the best
seed you can find In your neighborhood.
Have the ground moderately, not exces-
sively, rich, but well prepared. Give
each stalk ample distance, that it may
reach its full development. Cultivate
often, but very shallow, so as to be
sure not to cut the roots. So soon as
the ear shoots appear and before the
tassels begin to shed their yellow dust,
cut off and remove the tassel of every
stalk that fails to send out a good
shoot; also from those stalks you con-
sider too small or too tall. A medium
sized stalk with the ear pruned rather
low down on it, is to be preferred.
At harvest select the best ears from the
most approved stock, and with these
plant a similar patch the next year and
continue to do this every year. The rest
of the corn from the seed patch may
be used in planting the general crop.
We have known a strain of corn to be
so improved by this process, persever-
ed in for twenty years, as to produce
on hilly, thin uplands two-thirds as
much as tile average crop on a rich
river bottom nearby, where formerly it
had not yielded half that much.

Assembling of the legislature.
Rome was not built in a day, and
Florida is not usually in haste in her
legislature or the publication of offici-
al statistics. The organization of the
legislature this year, however, was dis-
patched with commendable celerity,
and time was economized by "spread-
ing on the minutes" the governor's
message. This document was of truly
presidential proportions, but it would
probably be difficult to lay a finger
upon any paragraph which might bet-
ter have been omitted. An American
executive mentions ten times more
items of legislation that need attention
than an English monarch does; and it
is well that it is so. The message is a
map of the work that should be done;
every reader should preserve a copy of
it and at the end of the session a re-
view of a few minutes will show how'
mucli or how little has been accom-
plished that ought to have been ac-
Governor Jennings has shown the
journalistic instinct in his determina-
tion to secure and state facts. For
imany years the executives have appar-
ently labored under the impression
that the supreme judges did not desire
legislation to assist them. The governor


simply asked them and ascertained
that they did, and he so stated.
He quotes from the report of the
state health officer, and attaches credit
in true newspaper style. In the matter
of the state quarantine system he dis-
plays a little of the firmness of "Old
Hickory," when he advises that the
state should buy or build a barge and
transfer the Mullet Key plant to it
rather than sell the outfit to the fed-
eral government and abdicate its func-
tions. He would sell nothing.
Recommendations that particularly
interest agricultural readers are those
proposing an entirely new system of
tax sales and tax redemptions; all
equalized system of assessment
throughout the state; the paragraphs
reciting the conditions and necessities
of the State Agricultural College; the
equipment of new quarantine stations
on barges if necessary; and the recom-
mendation for the erection of wings
to the old capitol building as a provi-
sion of the greatly needed ddtlitional
accommodation. The governor states he
is informed that this can be done for
about $75,000.
The governor's recommendations, in
the aggregate carry a large amount of
money, a good many hundreds of thou-
sands of dollars; but one could Ilardly
pronounce any of them unwise or un-
necessary. Florida is in the position of
a thrifty farmer who has a very sub-
stantial bank account, while some of
his children are rather thinly dressed
and all of their garments are too small
and too short for them.

Few people may be cognizant of the
fact that there is in existence an act
of the Britisa Parliament which pro-
vides that persons who fail to attend
divine services on Sunday shall be
liable to imprisonment or fine. The
statute dates from the period of the
protectorate, but that it is rarely en-
forced is proved only too conclusively
by the sparse attendances which take
place at so many public places of

Standard Celery Crates

3--FOR SALE.--.

WM. BOTHAMLY, Sanford, Fla.


RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents.

20.-Hammock lot about 1,CO feet deep by
115 feet front on river, on peninsula oppo-
ste New Smyrna, 180 feet south of toll
bridge. Good title. A. HOWARD, DeLand.
Ila. 16-17
WANTBD--A windmill, tower and tank.
Also an upright boiler and steam pump,
and some 2a1-inch black pipe. H. PRICE
WILLIAMS, Miami. Fla. 16-18
FOR SALB.- acre Pineapples. 10 or more
acres land. Lake front. 3 miles N. W. De-
Land. A bargain. C. Harrison. Glen-
wood. Fla. 15x17
ONE PAIR Bronze Turkeys $10.00, also one
trioeach Buff P. Rocks. Brown Leghorns
and Silver Laced Wyandottes at $5.00 per

trio. Same birds we have been using in our
breeding pens this winter. Oakwo d Poul-
trd Farm. Disston City. Fla. 15x17

WORKING Housekeeper. wanted. Inquire
of, or address, Mrs. F. A. W. Shimer. De-
Land, Fla. Give full partleulars in applica-
tion; with references. 15-16
BECAUSE they Exactly "fill a long felt
want" I have taken the agency of the Cut-
away Harrows for Brevard. Dade and Volu-
sla Counties. W. S. Hart, Hawks Park.
Fla. 14-19
SEVERAL HUNDRED Homosassa. Hart's
Late Jaffa and Kumquat buds fot sale
cheap. Must be sold. IONBS BROS. Lake
Villa Grove. Pierson. Pla. 14x16
CASSAVA SEED for sale; prices low.
iBMNJ. N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla

VELVET BiANS-Inquirles are coming
in for this year's shelled Velvet Beans.
In reply 'to 'these and to all who are in-
terested, we have to say: We are now
filling orders for shelled Velvet Beans
at $1 per buShel f. o. b. DeLand, and
shall continue at this figure to fill all
orders promptly while our present
stock lasts. E. O. Painiter & Co., De-
Land, Fla. 12
for sale. CATALPA SPE)IOSA from
northern nurseries being furnished. Ad-
dress F. A. W. Shimer, DeLand, Fla.
WE HAVE the largest collection of Be-
gonias In the State. Begonia Bulbs,
double and single, white, scarlet, pink,
orange and yellow; single varieties 15c.
each, double 20c. each; Rex Begonias
275, Miami, Fla. 13tf.
From extra, pure-bred fowls, $1 per
setting. W. r'. KIKKBRIDI, Grove
C ty. Fla. 9-18
liHt lof flowering,fruitiog -and foliage
plants, shrubs, vines, etc., pot-grown,
specially adapted to Florida planting.
All interested should 'have a copy of
our beautifully illustrated CATA-
LOGUE lib1t1. J.J RihAMTN E GARi-
DENS, Jessamine, Fla. 12t
IRRIGATING \PLANT--A large quanti-
.ty of 3-Inch black iron pipe for sale
ra Fla. 7-19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience In handling fertilizing ma-
Iterials, state resident preferred. E. 0.
PAINTER. Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand, la. S~l7
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2ti
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes,
in first-olass condition, for sale cheap.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla. 1Ux31-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit S.ock,
mostly budded to Urape-truit and langemne.
Box 171. urlando, Fla. ait
er may bid on them standing in 10-acre
feld. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, st. ketersburg,
Florida. 40xl3
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. %v. S. PKRESTON, Auburndale,
Fla. l5tt
FOR SALE CHEAP-3,000feet of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition for water-
CO.. Citra, Fla. 7x19
kodak album. Cloth and morocco b:ining,
Cloth 60c, morocco 7Bc postpaid. E. U.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. It
Park, Lake county, Fla., oIers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13t
FOR SALE-S75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. 11. care Agriculturist, De-
Land. Yla.
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42ti

WATER YOUR GROVES, pineries and
vegetable farms. Write the CLIFFORD
ORANGE CO., Citra; Fla., for prices
on iron pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses. Ornamentals. etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
prepared to contract for fruit trees-any
quantity-next fall delivery. Bud Wood,
Pineapple. Mathers' Grape Fruit. Jaffa,
Tangerine, Tardiff. M. E. GILLETT. Prop.

FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
sonville, Fla. 41tf
Abakka, Enville City and Golden
Queen for sale by CLIFFORD OR-
ANOE 00., Ctra, FI.I 7x19




Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank..............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
SBrass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................. 20.70.
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc..
SPine and Bangor Orange Boxes
Shaved Birch Hoops, Fresh Green
Mixed Hoops,wManall and Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nals, Pineauple, Bean, Cantaloupe,
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
Carriers, Lettuce Baskets, Etc.
Imperial Plows and Cultivators, etc.
Catalogue and price lists on appli-
Jacksonville, Fla.
SRoom 18 Robinson;Bldg.

We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
anges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. *an show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamen&ls.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.

G. L. TABER, Proprietor,

Glen St. Mary,

S Florida.


Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergren Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
solaEstablished 1856.0,0%0

____ --PLANTING._

S E E D* Jacksonvllle, Fla.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc.- Orange THE GRIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonville, Fla.

$4.00 for $2.00!!

Seed yon must haev to:make a'garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price of one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of


Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ................ .10
New Stringless Green
Pod............. ........ 10
Dwarf German Black
W ax................ .10
S Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma................... .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip..... .. ... . ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ...... ...... .5
Early Summer............. .5
Griffing's Succession .. .. .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
S Long Green Turkish.. .5

Egg Plant. Grifling's Improved
Thornless.. .... .. ....
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions, Red Bermuda.. .... ....
Griffing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.... ...........
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne.........
Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful ........ ..
Griffing's Early Scar-
let.. .... ...... ... ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty.............
S Money Maker..........
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. ..
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....

Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Wise Kitchen Helps-Good for
Southern Floors.
Editor louselhold Dcparltment:
It w;is ai dear southern house wife
* who taught Ui1 this wise method of
caring for the kitchen floor, which will
save labor and let you have the pleas-
tre of seeing a neat, clean looking
floor. The proper method of treat-
Inent of the kitchen floor is a matter
in which every house-wife is inter-
ested. The weekly scrubbing (or
twice a week) that is required to
keep the floor clean, takes more time
and strength than the average house-
keeper can afford to bestow upon it.
We house keepers in the southern
states can usually get a colored man
or woman to do this for us, but it is
getting so that we will have to pre-
:are our kitchens with a view-as
they do in the North-to make it as
easy for us as possible. Linoleum and
oil-clotlh are expensive and soon wear
off in exposed places, hence this meth-
csl is the best I know of. Put a half
gallon of boiled linsee-l oil in an olo
boiling hot, put a little of it into a
small pan, and apply it with a clean
brush. The hot oil will sink into the
wood very quickly. When one coat is
diry. apply another. Three coats are us-
ually put on, and when well oiled once
a coat every six months will keep it
in a nice condition. It is only neces-
sary to mop it up once or twice a
week to remove the dust. Heat the
water until a little more than luke
warm, dissolve a little borax in it, and
enough soap to make a suds. It can
le wiped up in a few minutes. The
borax .greatly assists the cleansing
process and should always be put in
the suds in washing oiled or painted
surfaces, 'for it does not injure them
like other cleansing powders, and in
I.huse cleaning time there is nothing
equal to it for cleaning windows.
kitchen sink, bath-room, etc.
Some house-wives paint their floors
by first giving the floor a coat of oil
and ochre, then two coats of paint,
any color you desire. Many who have
tried this, consider it the most satis-
factory alln some I know who have
Ilisil it for years.
1 hoH these. little recipes may be of
service to my sister housekeepers.
S. II.
She Creates in it a True Air of Hap-
"It's nice to be a good housekeeper.'
said a bachelor man recently, "but I
don't like the houses which are so
well kept that you can't sit on the
drawing-room chairs or have a fire in
the grate." "In my opinion," he went
on,-and he was a doctor too,-"the
surroundings of homes make for good-
ness of heart and physical and men-
tal strength, or they make for the op-
"Houses aren't bazaars, or store
rooms, or junkshops, and where wo-
men make their most serious mistake
is in tilling their houses with furni-
ture and trappings which are beyond
their means, and, therefore, too good
to use.
"I like a comfortable room," said he.
"and it's not comfortable to be let in-
to. an unaired. darkened drawing
room, and perched on a reception
chair, with your hostess perched on Ia
similarly uncomfortable one and ready
to glare at you if you should lean
We have a deal to answer for, we
women who sit in unattractive homes
and wonder bitterly why husbands
and boys-yes, and girls, too.-prefer
to go elsewhere for their frolics. We
wouldn't let them frolic at home, ex-
cept under the frown of our displeas
ure. We'd be too much afraid of our
precious carpets, or ouir expensive fur.
niture, or the "work" the general un-
tidiness would entail.
Every true woman likes pretty

things. They appeal to her as soft
music does, or noise of the wind in
the trees, or the babble of the water
among the stones. They call some-
tiling out of her heart to watch them,
and they two make glad together. We
need not crucify our love for the beau-
tiful, but we must control it. We
must be guided by that "eternal tit-
less" which if neglected makes so
much trouble for most of us. We must
make our homes comfortable, but not
luxurious until they induce sensual-
ity. The table, which should never in
the best home conduce to gluttony,
may still be very correct, very pleas-
ing to the taste and tempting to the
The atmosphere of the home is cre-
ated by the woman who makes it. A
man is not a home-maker. He has no
inherited tendencies to help him. He
hasn't the patience to carry out the
ideals he has either in educating chil-
dren or entertaining guests. But lie
has ideas and they usually differ from
his wife's which is a good thing.
A house furnished entirely by a wo-
man may be too fussy, but a man's
home is likely to be too severe. The
wise woman accepts all her husband's
or son's or father's suggestions (and
modifies them when he isn't looking).
The house will never be his ideal
house, but it will be a better one for
all that.
To the woman we look for the little
touches of tenderness, the thought for
other people, the dignity and peace,
the cheerfulness and the power for
good, which belong to the true home.
Men have their business, or they
should have. A woman's business-the
one she is pre-eminently fitted for-is
home-maker. is often found. She is
reliance is the kind which can control
affairs when they can be controlled.
and yield with perfect good humor any
part of the control to others when it is
expedient. The dog-in-the-manger
hoome-maker is often found. She is
over-zealous. She works hard-too
hard, sometimes, poor thing, but she is
a little selfish and she lacks philoso-
phy. She wants to reform people's
habits and tastes in a month or in a
year. She won't live her theories out
before people, believing that unless
they are practical enough to be use-
ful to her they aren't much use to any-
it's time to turn over a new leaf in
our home-making. It's time we real-
ized the responsibility of home and the
vanity of giving our home people pale
;,lue satin brocade chairs to look at
when what they want are big chairs
to sit comfortably in while they read
or doze, or rest.-Montreal Herald.
To Kake Good Coffee.
An old pamphlet by Dr. G. W. Poore
of London gives the following recom-
miendation for making a good cup of
"Be sure that the coffee is good in
quality, fresh roasted and fresh
"'se sufficient coffee. I have made
some experiments on this point, and 1
have come to the conclusion that an
ounce of coffee to a pint of water
makes poor coffee, one and a halt
ounces of coffee to a pint of water
makes fairly good coffee, two ounces
of coffee to a pint of water makes ex-
celhlet coffee.
"As to the form of coffee pot I have
nothing to say. The varieties of coffee
iiacllines are very numerous and some
o)f tlieu are useless encumbrances. At
thle liest they cannot be regarded as
iilisolutely necessary. The Brazilians
insist that coffee pots should on no ac-
count be made of metal, but that por-
celain or earthenware is alone permis-
sible. I have been in the habit of late
Sof making my coffee in a common jug.
provided with a strairer, and I believe
there is nothing better.
"'Witrni the jug, put the coffee into
it, boil the water and pour the boiling
water on the coffee and the thing is
"Coffee must not be boiled, but at
most it must be allowed just 'to come
to a boil,' as cook says. If violent

No other article used in the domestic
economy of the household has so many

enthusiastic friends among the house-

keepers of America.

No other article of food has received

such emphatic commendation for purity

and wholesomeness from the most em-

inent authorities.

The great popularity and general

use of the Royal Baking Powder

attest its superiority.

The "Royal Baker and Pastry
Cook --containing over 8oo most
practical and valuable cooking re
ceipts-free to every patron. Sand
postal card with your full address.

Avoid the imitation powders They
are sold cheap because they are
made from alum. But alum is a
poison dangerous to use in food.


ebullition takes place, tie aroma of the
coffee is dissipated and the beverage
is now spoiled.
"The most economical way of mak-
ing coffee is to put the coffee in a jug
and pour cold water upon it. This
should be done some hours before the
coffee is wanted-over night, for in
stance, if the coffee be required for
breakfast. The light particles of wa-
ter will imbibe the coffee and fall to
the bottom of the jug in course of time.
When the coffee is to be used stand
the jug in a saucepan of water and
place the other vessel over the fire till
the water .antained in it boils. The
coffee in this way is gently brought
to the boiling point without violent
ebullitio.;, and we get the maximum
extract without any loss of the aroma.
Always make your coffee strong.
Cafe au lait is much better if made
with on~e-fourth strong coffee and
three-fourths milk, instead of made
half and half with a weak coffee; this
is evident. If coffee is taken black af-
ter dinner, let it be little and good.
"'If the coffee used be genuine, and
it be made as I have directed, there
will be no trouble with 'grounds,' and
no strainer is necessary. Coffee is a
hard gritty material, and the individual
particles of the coffee powder which at
first float on the water fall after a
time to the bottom of the pot and
leave the infusion clear. It is a mis-
take to suppose that coffee cannot be
made without a great deal of costly
and cumbersome apparatus, and it is
well that the laboring classes and par-
ticularly soldiers and volunteers
should remember the following facts:
"First-That raw coffee does not de-
teriorate, but improves by being kept
in a dry place.
*'Second-That it is quite easy to
roast coffee in a small frying pan, or
a pipkin or any suitable vessel.
"Third-That it can be powdered
perfectly well without a mill.
('Fourth-That it can be made per-
fectly well in any vessel which will
hold water.
A still more economical method of
making a most excellent coffee Is the

Costa Rican way, which is at the same
time the simplest way of all. There
the roasting and grinding is made, as
a rule, every other day, and the infu-
sion at the time coffee is desired. For
the infusion a white flannel bag of
conical form is used, the coffee, pow-
dered, being placed in it, and the boil-
ing water passed slowly through the
same. By this process nothing more
is necessary, and the infusion clear,
as it comes out, is served at once, the
delicious aroma filling the ambient air
of the dining-room.
To Clean Straw Hats.
As the spring is now at hand, the
thrifty woman begins to look over her
wardrobe and to replenish it, adding
what she must have and renovating
such of her garments as will suffice for
another season. Among these will be
several white straw hats that could be
made to look as "good as new" and do
good service if properly cleaned and
bleached. A good way to do this is
to make a paste of stick sulphur and
water, apply it to the hat and hang in
a sunny place until dry. Two or three
applications will make the straw beau-
tifully white. Another and a less
troublesome method is to cover the hat
with a paste made of the same sulphur
and lemon. Apply at night, and next
morning you can brush it off and your
hat will be ready for wear. Still anoth-
er method is to use cornmeal and lem-
on in tlhe same manner. Try this and
see if the result does not pay you in
the satisfaction you derive from the
fact of having saved the price of a new

There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Beleview, Fla.


lF fl.4X1516 7


POUVIL.Y AND EAR llJPA.T- equivalent to their true value the
IiT'r. breeds that can, from the time they
are hatched until matured, obtain their
All communications o qiries for this de- food without feed will be the most
apartment should be add e to rofitable.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Wasting the Food.-Frequently a
large waste occurs when the food is
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. thrown upon the ground. The hens
trample more than they eat, and then
A rge Pigeon Fam. refuse it. This frequent and constant
S rge Pigen a trampling of the food causes the
What is undoubtedly the largest pig ground to be literally alive with in-
eon ranch in the world, for such it is, visible parasites, as well as rendering
contains about eight acres and is con- it a breeding place for disease. There
ducted by J. Y. Johnson, who lives is no necessity for throwing the food
among his winged pets; 10,000 flying on the ground to be wasted. A clean
pigeons and 5,000 little ones is the board is better, and in feeding one
unique spectacle that would greet the should endeavor to give no more than
visitor who pays a visit to the ranch, will be eaten up clean. Soft food is
The pigeons are well housed in three more easily wasted than whole grain
large buildings. The flock is increased as the birds will hunt for that left
by thousands every day in the year. At over, and to avoid loss the soft food
the age of twenty days the squab is should not be too wet, but be as stiff
fully grown and feathered, and if it as possible.
escapes the market it is soon on the Scratching Beneficial.-Whenever a
wing. Each afternoon Mr. Johnson hen or chicks are always ready to
and his son go through the buildings scratch, and seem to be busy at all
and take from the nests enough of tile times, you need have no fear of a fail-
fat squabs to fill the orders for the ure to get eggs from the liens or a rap-
next day. Early in the morning they id growth on tile part of the chicks.
are killed by disjointing their necks, Scratching is their work. their mode
dressed and delivered. A remarkable of occupying and whilung away time,
fact in connection with this place is and indicates business. The liens that
that the pigeons rarely leave the ranch keep busy scratching do not contract
and it is seldom that one of them gets the vices peculiar to those fowls that
beyond the high wire fence which have nothing to do, and they keep
surrounds three sides of the place. fresh and in good health. The bright,
They are fed assorted grains and red comb, clean plumage, and plenty
screenings, and the cost of feeding the to do on the part of the liens, indicates
15,000 pigeons is about $7 a day. They that egg foods are unnecessary and
do not attempt to breed pure strains, eggs plentiful.--3irror and Farmer.

LUoUUg Li oWULer marks Ltil UhL&
squabs and saves the light ones, the
object being eventually to .make the
whole flock light colored. The white
birds make the better appearance
when dressed and find a more ready
sale. Mr. Johnson finds the business
quite profitable as well as enjoyable.
-American Poultry Advocate.
Xix the Food.
Fowls will do better when fed
wheat, corn and oats mixed, than
when given any one of these grains
alone. A variety is always an advan-
tage, but when several kinds of grain
are fed, the fowls have not received a
variety of food, but a variety of grain
only. No kind of grains, nor mixtures
of grains, alone, will keep up egg pro.
duction. The hens require something
more than can be had from grain
alone. A variety of food, or what
might be called a mixed ration, con-
sists of not only grain of different
kinds, but meat, bones and bulky
food In some form and milk. If all of
these materials cannot be procured,
give a portion of them. Do not de-
prive the hens of grain, but give some-
thing else with it. A good many make
the mistake of feeding grain three
times a day, in fact some keep it be-
fore the hens all the time with noth-
ing else. Hens fed in this way do not
lay well and are apt to become dump-
ish and sometimes die; they are "grain
sick." They waste away in bone and
tissue because they have not a variety
of food, the grain being an incomplete
ration. Grain may be kept before the
hens at all times, to an advantage,
when so placed as to compel them to
take exercise when getting it, but to
throw it down in heaps for them to fill
upon, is all wrong. The cost of ground
feed is but little more than whole
grains, and by using some of this
along with the grain, the flocks will be
much more profitable.-V. M. Couch,
in Practical Poultryman.

Poultry Notes.
China Geese.-The breeds of geese
that give the best results are
not always the largest kinds.
While the Toulouse and the Emb-
den geese may grow to a large size,
and produce heavier carcasses and
more feathers than those which are
smaller, yet such breeds as the
Brown or White China will lay more
eggs than the larger breeds, and be-
ing more active will forage for them.
selves to better advantage, and there-
fore can be kept at less expense. The
profit in geese does not depend upon
the size, but upon the cost, and as
geese do not bring In market prices

Some Poultry Pointers.
No other stock will pay as poorly if
neglected, or as well if extra care is
taken of them as fowls. If you only
half feed them you certainly will lose
that much.
Scaly legs in fowls is caused by a mi-
croscopic insect or parasite. Dipping in
kerosene oil will kill them and cure the
malady, but care should be taken to do
it early in the day, so the fowl may
exercise in the open air until it evapor-
ates. It will then do the fowl no harm.
Never allow a sick fowl to "drink
from the same canteen" with tie oth-
ers. The drinking water is the great
source of contagion, and care should
le exercised that it is in no 'wny con-

Practical Poultry Points.

Utilizing Bad Eggs.
Vaste eggs-that is, heated or spot-
ted eggs-unless they are absolutely
black, are utilized for the preparation
of a tanning solution known as salted
egg yolk. This is used largely by tan-
ners of America and Europe in prepar-
ing fine skins. The eggs are first brok-
en in a churn, in which they are rap-
idly revolved for about twenty miin-
utes. l'lle albumen rises o the top in
the form of foam and is skimmed off,
leaving the yolks. Next 30 per cent by
weight of salt and 1 per cent of pow-
dered lIwacic acid is added, and the
churning continued, the skimming be-
ilg agaill repeated. This compound
is stonrl ill barrels.
C('.vstallized eggs are made from tile
Isroken eggs and surplus stock. These
are usually used on shipboard, but in-
creasingly of late by bakers, as well.
Good eggs are broken and churned,
thoroughly mixed, whites and yolks,
the liquid is then dropped on slowly
revolving stone cylinders, through
which arms of the same material ex-
tend. Over these cylinders is passed a
strong current of warm, dry air, evap-
orating tile moisture from the eggs.
After Iting thus dried the egg is scrap-
ed off by means of a stone scraper.
The resulting powder is known as
crystallized eggs. When hermetically
sealed they may be kept indefinitely.
For use they are merely moistened with
water and beaten up to the natural
consistency of their original state.-
Texas Stock Journal.

May be This Explains.
Fowls will often do well on a small
place for several years, and then fall
off and become unprofitable, just as
the owner thinks he has learned it all.
The usual reason is either that the
stock has become run out by too much
confinement, or that the fowls have
used up some of the things about the
place which they need. They have kill-
ed out the grass, used up all the sharp
gravel, or perhaps the soil has become
infested with disease or the coops with
lice. A thorough renovation of the
place or a move to fresh ground then
becomes necessary. Orange Judd
There is a clock now in the posses
sion of King Edward VII at lMrllhor-
ough House to which a somewhat cur-
iots story is attaclled. It was prIeent-
ed to the then Prince of Wales oil the
occasion of his visit to India, and wasi
said to have been made Ib a Driest of

We have never seen a flock of fowls tlhe greatest sanctity. slowing tile
that were given to the habit of feath- hours in Sanscrit figures, the changes
er eating in summer, when they had of the moon and other things. After it
free range of the farm. Now we have was brought to London the clock re-
not given our hens free range for mained quiescent for some years, and
many years excepting in the fall, when eventually the prince desired that it
we had no winter crops of spinach, be put in working order. When it was
kale or dandelions within their travels, taken to pieces there was found in tlhe
But we did not have feather-eating interior of the case which covered the
fowls at any time. In winter, when mainspring the name of a Clerkenwell
we knew that they could not get bugs, firm.
worms or insects of any kind, they
had a daily allowance of beef scraps, Berrien county, Mich., on the record
about a handful to each quart in the of 19KX0, claims to be the greatest peach
morning mash, and they also had a growing section in the world. The num-
teaspoonful of salt in each quart or ber of acres cultivated last year was
two quarts of warm mash. We never 4,753, and the total yield of peaches
could decide whether fowls pulled was 140,W)2 bushels, being more than
feathers because of a desire for the half the entire Michigan crop. Van Bu-
salt taste that they had or from a de- ren county came next with 58,887
sire for animal food, which they found bushels.
both of in the base or root of the feath-
er, but our treatment always seemed DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
to prevent the trouble, and we think by local applications, as they cannot
it will cure it whenever hens have be- reach the diseased portion of the ear.
come addicted to it as a habit. At There is only one way to cure Deaf-
least, when those who had hens pull- ness, and that is by constitutional
ing feathers asked for a remedy, we remedies. Deafness Is caused by an
have always advised the feeding of inflamed condition of the mucous lin-
salt pork cut into pieces the size of ing of the Eustachian Tube. When
dice as long as they would eat it, and this tube gets inflamed you have a
adding beef scraps and a little salt to rumbling sound or imperfect hearing,
the iasli, and we have heard maniliy and when it is entirely closed Deafness
say it effected a. cure, and none say is the result, and unless the inflamma-
say it effected a cure, a noe say tion can be taken out and this tube re-
that it failed. But prevention is bet- stored to its normal condition, hearing
stored to its normal condition, hearing
ter than cure, and we would advise will be destroyed forever; nine cases
every poultry keelpr to follow this out of ten are caused by catarrh,
plan, and thus avoid all troubles of which is nothing but an inflamed con-
this kind. It will not occur inl sum- edition of the mucous surfaces.
mter, when fowls are rang:ng where We will give One Hundred Dollars
they can get insects. but in a village for any case of Deafness (caused by ca-
one cannot give fowls unlimited range, tarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
but even in small yards with fruit Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free.
trees in them they find many insects. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
which are a benefit to them and to Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
the fruit.-American Cultivator. Hall's Family Pills are the bet.

Will make special reduced prices to

Choice Red Valentine Beans. Cabbage, Cukes
Squash. Beets and others in quantity. Wire
at our expense for quotations.
Cow Peas. German Millet, Choice Melon Seed
Sorghum Cane, and other forage crops.
Improved Cotton Seed.
Improved Field Corn.
Send us a trial order, Prompt shipment of
all orders. Correspondence solicited. Write ,
for our pr ce before buying elsewhere.
Toeveryone returning this "adv." with 2i
cents we will mail our scent Melon and Can-
teloupe offer, with one pkt. Georgia White
Collards free.

Alexander Seed Co,,
Augusta, Ga.

If your fowls are troubled with lice
or Jiggers, send $1.25 and get iY)
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleached. Stud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E..O. Painter & Go..
Jacksonville, Fla.

To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which is
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very Inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
tilizing Materials.

}I! tlii AI lACE
J~ilttInt I llJK:l

Even Little Hogs
don't often go through Page nBo Fences. They
are spaced to catch un. Try our 9 bar 30 inch.

Blood, Bone and Shells

For $3.25 we will ship by freight pre-
paid to any railroad station in Florida
100 lbs Crushed Oyster Shells...$ .75
50 lbs Coarse Raw Bone........ 1.00
50 lbs Pure Dried Blood......... 1.50

200 $3.25
The above are three essentials for
profitable poultry raising. Address,

Plum Habif 0
of esferea.., a 7eas. a
eame Treaunst m ent ,F




"It is pretty."
'Mrs. Swan lifted the end of the long
strip of linen which lay across Althea's
lap and looked admiringly at the open-
work embroidery with which it was
Althea smiled assent and went oil
snipping and drawing out threads.
It was a hot June afternoon, and, for
the sake of tile light breeze, Althea had
brought her work out on the porch.
For companionship Mrs. Swan had fol-
lowed her, and sat nursing her arms on
the top step. Every few moments
Mrs. Swan would arise and hurry into
the kitchen to stir something that was
bubbling and boiling on the stove.
Every time she moved her clean, crisp
calico dress rustled.
"Althea," she gasped, as she sank
down and wiped her face on her apron
after one of these hurried journeys to
the hot kitchen, "Althea, I'm going to
ask a queer favor of you."
"Yes?" questioned Althea in sur-
prised interest. She had never known
Mrs. Swan to ask a favor of any one.
"I want you to loan me a dollar."
Mrs. Swan made the request with evi-
dent reluctance. She went on quickly
before Althea could reply, "You c'n
take it out of your board money."
"Why, certainly," said Althea, in
amazement, "I owe you more than
that. I can let you have more than
that. I wish you-"
"No," interrupted Mrs. Swan, "one
dollar is all I shall need. I want to get
a piece of linen like this. I want to
make my sister Sue a bureau scarf
for a birthday present."
Mrs. Swan smoothed the shimmer-
ing surface of the linen with caress-
ing fingers. "Long's haven't the right
kind. I want the dollar to go to Went's
and get a piece just like this."
Althea drew out a long shining
thread and wound it around her hand.
"I know you think it strange that 1
should ask you for the money instead
of Hiram," continued Mrs. Swan, look-
ing suspiciously into Althea's face for
some sign of inquisitiveness. But Al-
thea bent placidly over her work.
"'I did ask Hiram for it last night.
But instead of giving me what I want-
ed, what do you suppose he did?"
Althea bit off a thread and made a
slight negative motion of her head.
She knew Mrs. Swan's peculiarities too
well to risk a verbal reply. A word,
especially the wrong word, might have
disastrous results.
"Hle took a piece of money out of his
pocket, laid it on the corner of the
mantel and went off to bed without
saying a word. This morning when I
looked at the money I saw that it was
a $20 gold piece. I thought of course
that Hiram had made a mistake; you
know a $20 gold piece and a silver dol-
lar are about the same size and heft,
and it is rather dark in the room; for,
since daylight lasts so long we hardly
ever have a light. But at noon when
I asked him about it, he said no, it
was all right; he hadn't made any mis-
take, and kind of grinned, and that
was all I could get out of him."
Mrs. Swan paused and Althea knew
that some response was expected from
her. A person unacquainted with the
intricacies of Mrs. Swan's mind would
have been sure to blunder. Althea
might have been consumed with curi-
osity as to what happened next, but
she only threaded her needle with
great deliberation and remarked casu
ally: "Well?"
What actually did happen made Al-
thea catch her breath and shrink away
from Mrs. Swan as if her friend had
struck her.
"It's just Hiram's meanness!" ex-
claimed Mrs. Swan, bitterly. "And it's
just like him. He thought it was fool-
ish extravagance in me getting the
linen. He thought if he gave me one
dollar I would spend it for something
that didn't amount to anything, but if
he gave me twenty dollars I would put
it in the bank and save it. Save, save;
I get sick and tired of saving."
Althea's eyes sparkled with indigna-
tion at what she thought to be an un-

just accusation. She opened her lips
to speak, lbut thought letter of it and
closed them again.
Mrs. Swan, blind to everything but
her own grievance, went on with her
tirade. "It's just stinginess. He knew
I wouldn't break into a $20 gold piece
just to get a little piece of linen. It
wouldn't be over sixty cents, and I
counted on getting the thread besides
with the dollar. I've earn---"
A loud hissing sound, mingled with
the odor of burning fruit juice, came
from the kitchen, warning Mrs. Swan
that her supper needed immediate at-
Althea heard her lift a basin from
the stove, empty the contents, and
carry them to the ice-box. It was
stewed cherries, and the delicious
spicy odor filled the air.
When she came back Mrs. Swan
seemed a little ashamed of her anger.
She sat silently gazing at the horizon
for a few moments with haunted, burn-
ing eyes. When she spoke again it
was with moderation.
"Now I've made such a fool of my-
self," she said, "I suppose I might as
well tell you the whole story as to the
way Hiram and I fell out on money
matters. It began five years ago last
spring, when we built this house. See
that wire fence out there by the side
of the barn?"
Althea was well aware of the exist-
ence of that fence. She skirted it twice
daily on her way to and from school,
and more than one rent in gown and
jacket testified not only to its exist-
ence, but to the sharpness and tenacity
of its barbs.
"Well," continued Mrs. Swan, "the
spring we built this house the 40 acres
of land enclosed by that fence was for
sale. Hiram wanted to buy it, but I
wanted to build a house. We had
money enough to do one of these
things, but not enough for both. Hi-
ram thought the house might wait a
year, but if we didn't buy the land at
once Rube Thornton would.
"I had my heart set on the house.
The old shanty that we'd lived in ever
since we kept house wasn't fit to house
cattle in. It was leaky and dirty, and
the walls were full of mice and roaches
and bugs unmentionable. I didn't feel
as if I could live in it another year.
So we built, and before the summer
was out Rube bought the land and run
ilis line fence within ten feet of our
barn door.
"Hiram was mad, and, of course,
blamed me; although the next year,
wlen we got ready to buy, we got bet-
ier land for less money on the other
side-good smooth farm land, while
Rube's 40 will never be fit for any-
thing but pasture. But, somehow, the
sight of that fence so near has always
seemed to rile Hiram.
"I said then that I'd never ask him
for another thing that I could possibly
get along without, and I never have
until I asked him for that dollar last
night. I've paid for all that we've
eaten and most that we've had to wear
with butter and poultry, and I'm six
months ahead at Long's now."
Mrs. Swan rested her chin in her
hand and relapsed into a moody si-
lence. Althea folded her work and
went upstairs to get the money. A
great many things that .had puzzled
her before were made plain by Mrs.
Swan's confidence. She had often
wondered why Mr. and Mrs. Swan
treated each other with such studied
coldness. She had also wondered at the
meager furnishings of the house. The
house itself was a handsome and com-
modious farm-house, but the furniture
was the same that had been used in
the old log shanty. And Mrs. Swan
loved pretty things.
Althea liked both Mr. and Mrs.
Swan. In the eight months that she
had made her home with them she
had, in spite of Mrs. Swan's peculiari-
ties, come to esteem them highly. Mr.
Swan. as director of the school district
in which she had taught, had especial-
ly won her respect.
He had seemed to her almost an
ideal officer, entering heartily into all
her schemes for the improvement of
the school, and showing no sign of the



N black powder shells on the market compare with the "NEW RIVAL" ia .a I
ity and streog shLoting qualities. Su drfire ad waterpreoa. (let the genmise.

parsimony of which his wife accused
'As Althea opened a drawer to get
her purse, a photograph lying face up-
wards confronted her. She lifted the
velvet case and looked long into the
pictured face. The clear eyes seemed
to gaze back at her with a new signifi-
It was Hugh, dear Hugh, who was
working so hard and so patiently to
prepare the little home for her coming.
Althea saw the dear face through the
mist of an almost overwhelming de-
sire to see him at once. She wanted to
lay her arm around his neck and listen
to his heart beat, while they made
their vows all over again.
Would they, could she and Hugh
ever come to be to each other what Mr.
and Mrs. Swan were? The suggestion
was altogether abhorrent to Althea.
She had not presumed to hope that
their united lives could be all sun-
shine; sickness would come, and trou-
bles and worries common to .human-
kind; aye, even death itself might for
a time separate them. But not this
Althea laid the little picture down on
the bureau and bowed her face upon it.
"Not that," she mumured; "oh, any-
thing but that." It was almost a pray-
Althea walked slowly down stairs
and laid the dollar in Mrs. Swan's
"I guess Hiram's afraid we'll all die
in the poorhouse," Mrs. Swan re-
marked facetiously, as Althea resum-
ed her work.
But Althea could not make a jest of
it. To her it was a very serious mat-
ter. She tried to see her own future
from Mrs. Swan's point of view and it
frightened her. She looked up quickly,
almost defiantly. She must speak.
"Mrs. Swan. you are mistaken. Your
husband wants you to have that $20
gold piece. Althea's voice was very
"Wha-wha-at did you say?" gasped
Mrs. Swan.
"'He wants you to have that money
for your very own. He's sorry that he
was cross with you about the house,
and lie wants to make it up in some
way. Oh, Mrs. Swan, please forgive
me for speaking. But you have all
been so kind to me, and I cannot bear
to see you misunderstand each other in
this cruel manner."
Althea was getting incoherent. The
instant the words had left her lips
she would have given worlds to have
recalled them. Mrs. Swan was very
angry. Her lips were set in a straight
line, and Althea was conscious-strick-
en at the effect of her interference. She
knelt on the floor and slipped her arms
around Mrs. Swan's waist.
"Please forgive me," she pleaded. "
know that Mr. Swan meant for you to
have the $20 gold piece to do with a
you like. He didn't say so because he
didn't know how to come at it; men
are such proud. stupid creatures. H
wouldn't care one bit if you spen
every cent of it for bureau scarfs.
Althen laughed a little nervous laug
at her own absurd suggestion. and th
awful lines about Mrs. Swan's lips re
laxed a little. Althea's hopes rose.
After a long pause, during which
Mrs. Swan seemed swayed between
the two extremes of anger and re-
morse. she said abruptly: "But $20 is
a great deal of money. What could I
do with so much?"
Althea felt that the battle was won
If slhe could only be discreet now al
would be well. To say the right thing
in the right way was what she must
do. The $20 gold piece was a peac
offering, and the success of its mission

depended upon herself. Wellington
marshaling his hosts at Waterloo was
not more circumspect than she.
"Oh, you can get rid of it," she said
brightly, "never fear as to that part ot
it." She picked up her work, and went
on in the most matter-of-fact tone.
"You can get your linen for one thing,
and you can get one of those gingham
dress patterns that you thought so
pretty. Then you might make Mr.
Swan a present of an arm-chair with
part of it. Hasn't he a birthday or an
anniversary of some sort coming soon
that you can remind him of in this
Mrs. Swan vouchsafed no reply to
these bold suggestions. She sat stiff
and unyielding, but Althea saw that
she was interested in spite of herself,
and went bravely on.
"You ought to subscribe for a couple
of good periodicals for Rob. He needs
them. It would help keep him away
from the saw mill. Haven't you no-
ticed that he never goes the evenings
my magazine comes?"
This last was a very adroit move on
Althea's part. Mrs. Swan's life was
made burdensome a great share of the
time by her only son's predilection for
haunting the dangerous neighborhood
of the saw mill, and by his association
with the more or less disreputable
characters who frequented the mill.
"Then there is always the library
fund," went on Althea gayly. "You
can give a dollar to that. I had
planned to solicit 50 cents from each
family. But to help you to dispose of
this troublesome $20 gold piece, I will
let you give more. Then with the vast
sumn which we expect to realize from
our grand last-day entertainment, we
will be quite rich."
Althea had planned to close her ca-
reer as a district school teacher by lay.
ing the foundation of a library in the
Swan district. And lightly as she
spoke of the project its success was
very near her heart.
"Well," admitted Mrs. Swan, after
another prolonged silence, during
which Althea vacillated between hope
and despair, "maybe I have been stub-
born and blind. If I have, I've been
well punished for it. I'm going to
think it over. Anyway, Althea, you're
a good girl." And Althea was more
than satisfied with this meager ad-
mission of Mrs. Swan's forgiveness.
For three days Mrs. Swan went
about her work with the jerky abstrac-
tion of one inwardly perturbed. Every
morning when Althea came down to
breakfast she cast a surreptitious
glance at the corner of the mantel
where the $20 gold piece lay in serene
purity of metal.
On the fourth morning she caught
her breath with a little gasp of ner-
vous uncertainty when she saw that
the yellow disk was missing.
Mrs. Swan was cutting thin slices of
ham for Althea's lunch. She glanced
quickly at Althea when she came into
the room. Her cheeks were quite
pink. and her eyes were suffused with
a new. soft light.
"Next Tuesday's our wedding anni-
versary," she said in a low, joyous
tone, "We've been married just 15
years. I'm going to get Hiram one of
those arm-chairs at Duffey's. I'll hitch
up and come along by the schoolhouse
this afternoon about 4 o'clock, and you
can come along and help pick it out.
Which do you suppose he'd like best,
the leather or the plush?"
"The leather. of course, you dear,
little woman," said Althen, as she
walked around the table and kissed
Mrs. Swan on the forehead.-The La-
dies' World.


Increased Consumption of Fruit in
New York.
Lent helps the sale of fruit and the
demand for oranges has led to an im-
mense traffic, says the Rochester Dem-
ocrat and Chronicle. Last week was
the busiest ever known in this trade,
and the receipts were 1,191 carloads
against 560 of the same week last year.
The entire shipments during the year
were 7,600 carloads, against 5,600 the
previous year. In addition to the above
are the Florida oranges, of which 27,-
.oqJ boxes came in during February.
What orange eaters we have become!
Another fruit much in demand is Per-
sian dates, of which 75.i.(K) boxes came
in one cargo. Philippine dates are also
soon expected, as this fruit is abundant
in those islands. Bananas, too, are rap-
idly increasing in popularity, and the
receipts for February were 225,000
bunches, against 100.000 for the same
time last year. Perhaps this immense
consumption of fruit is one reason wlhy
New York is so much healthier than in
former years. Apropos of fruit, the
prune combine was organized in order
to get rid of the jobber by bringing
the grower and the consumer into clos-
er contact. The result, however, is a
disappointment, and it is now found
that the middleman is a necessity. The
unsold stock indeed is so great that a
prune glut may occur before the close
of the season, and this is one of the
ways in which the "trust evil" may
correct itself.

Orange 1trowers Organize.
The Lee County Citrus Fruit Com-
pany was organized last week. This
is an affair in which every grower of
oranges and grapefruit in Lee county
is personally concerned. Such an or-
ganization, if composed of enough of
the men engaged in growing these
fruits, will be the means of accomplish-
ing great results for this leading indus-
try of our county. Through it dis-
eases of the trees can be checked and
stamped out; cheaper and better trans-
portation rates can be secured, box
material, wrapping paper, etc., bought
to better advantage, packing facilities
will be brought to the highest state of
perfection, and a reputation will be es-
tablished for our fruits that will add
greatly to their value. The Indian
river growers worked up a great rep-
utation for their oranges through or-
ganization, although the output from
that section has been a mere bagatelle
when compared to the crop of the state.
Why cannot the growers of the Caloo-
sahatchee do what the orange people
of the Indian river have done? Don't
hold back and let the other fellow do
the work of organization. Come out
yourself and help to make this new or-
ganization a success and a power for
the good of all growers from the
start.-Fort Myers Press.
The Tomato Business Lively.
The freight docks and the t.mlato
packing houses are full of life, bustle
and business just now.
A Metropolis representative visited
these places recently and noticed w;rh
pleasure the number of men at work
and large numbers of crates of toma-
toes being shipped.
Messrs. S. J. Slgh & Co., with a force
of men were hurrying up the loading
of four cars with tomatoes from Cut-
ler, while at Little River they were
loading two more and one at Fulford.
These gentlemen are handling all the
various crops in which the Peters' are
Interested besides a number of others.
Among the names noticed on the Cut-
ler crates were W. I. Peters, T. J. Pe-
ters, Griffin & Peters, Edsol & Peters,
C. Bath, G. J. Steinhauser, J. H.
Mann and H. A. Braddock. In the four
cars being loaded for these gentlemen
Mr. Sligh said there would be about
2,000 crates.
Belcher & Hughes are shipping to
Earl Bros., of Chicago. They have ship-
ped already seven full cars, mostly
from Mr. Belcher's own field. He has
fifteen acres and gentlemen who have
seen nearly all the tomatoes growing
in the county say that these fifteen
acres will yield as much as any other
fields they have seen of three times the
acreage. Mr. Hunt, who represents

Earl Brothers, says that Mr. Belcher
will get as much as seven hundred
crates per acre off of some of his land
and that it is all nearly that good.
Messrs. Chase & IIarney have been
shipping steadily but are going rather
cautiously now as they anticipate a
drop in the market.
Messrs. E. C. Lanier & Co., are also
doing a safe and satisfactory business.
The express company is handling
large quantities by every outgoing
train of the riper tomatoes and the
shiipments of parties who have not full
c'lr loads.
The Jandon Brothers ai'c among the
few growers who have squashes and
tlihy arc shipping this week to a $3.54)
market. They iare also handling pep-
in'rs. tomatoes and other vegetables.
The prices on tomatoes has kept up
to a fine figure and there seems no rea-
son to apprehend much of a decline
as Dade county has nearly all the to-
nmatoes in the country. Sales have been
made on the docks lately at $2.25 to
$2.50 per crate while some shipments
have netted $2.75 to $3.00 and above.
We were recently shown a check for
$941.94 as the net proceeds for one car
of 336 crates, shipped to and sold for
S. A. Belcher, by Messrs. Funck & Co.,
of Cincinnati. The sales were $3.50
to $4.00 per crate, the average being
$2.80 after all expenses were paid.-
Miami Metropolis.
Manure Crops for Sandy Soils.
Blue, white and yellow lupines suc-
ceed admirably upon sandy soil. They
are usually poisonous to stock, unless
submitted to special treatment, and
hence should be employed, if at all,
for green manuring. Large crops can
be grown, which, if plowed under, in-
crease to a great extent the amount
of humus. But little, if any, nitro-
genous manure is required to produce
a good crop (in case an abundant sup-
ply of potash and phosphoric acid is
provided), since they belong to that
class of plants which is able to draw
nearly all of its nitrogen from the air.
What has just been said applies equal-
ly well to the other plants mentioned
below. Whether or not the use of
these plants will prove an economical
investment will depend upon individ-
ual conditions. A rational plan would
be first to make a practical trial of
them in a small way, before attempt-
ing their growth upon a large scale.
The fact that they are today one of
the most important factors in main-
taining the fertility of similar sandy
areas around Berlin, and throughout
northern Germany, renders it highly
probable that their introduction here
would be profitable.
Serradella.-Another plant that is
used extensively throughout the san-
dy regions of Germany is the Serra.
della. This also draws its supply of
nitrogen from the atmosphere. It
is usually sown with spring grain, af-
ter the removal of which the serradel-
la is allowed to grow until autumn. It
is then cut for fodder or fed off by
stock in the field and the balance turn-
ed with the plow either in the autumn
or spring, to furnish nitrogen, in its
turn, for succeeding crops. Serradel-
la may be grown alone in drills in the
same manner as lupines. It Is far
more liable than the latter to be over-
come by weeds, if sown broadcast un-
accompanied by grain. Serradella
might be found useful if sown with
spring rye, oats or barley; the same
may be true also of Canada peas and
of vetches, only in the case of these
latter plants they can be cut with the
rye, oats or barley as fodder for
The Southern Cowpea gives prom-
ise of being very useful upon our san-
dy soils. It grows well in our climate,
even though it fails to ripen its seed.
This crop also draws nitrogen from
the air and makes good green fodder
for cattle, though it has a somewhat
hitter taste, which probably accounts
for the fact that it is not eaten so
readily as the forage from the soy or
soja bean. The best two varieties
tried at this station are the Clay and
the Whin-poor-will. the latter being
Soy or Soja. Beans were introduced

(liven as a Premium for One New Subscriber.

Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
Jacksonville ,Fi.


New York
delphia &
From Brunswick direct to
New York.

Pasenger Service.
To make lost '*nnec-
tionswith steame. leave
Jacksonville (Uni,. de-
pot) Thursdays10.20 m.,
(S. A. L. Ry.) or Fer. \n-
dina l::0 p. m.. via CL no-
berland steamer; (me,.ls
en route) or "all rail" v.-
Plant System at 7:45 p. m..
ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m.
passengers on arrival go-
ng directly aboard steam-

S. S. COLORADO.. ...... .. .. .... .. .......... April 12
S. S. SAN MARCOS .......... ................ .. ..April 19.
S. S. COLORADO ................... :.......... .... April 26
S. S. SAN MARCOS .......... ...... .. ...............May 3
S. S. COLORADO .......... .......... ..... ...... .....May 10
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
A. W. PYE, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts. Pier 21. E. R.. New York.

from .apan. They draw their nitro- miliar to all to require notice other than
gen largely from the air, and are the to say that they, unlike the plants that
most promising plants of this char- Iave been mentioned, are supposed to
acter that have been tried at the sta. be unable to make the same use of at-
tion. They are superior in certain re- I mospheric nitrogen.
aspects to the southern cowpea as a Though recognizing the general prin-
fodder for stock, are well adapted to ciple that if a crop is one that can be
use for silage, either alone or mixed fed to stock it is usually better econo-
with Indian corn, and ripen their my to utilize its food value and apply
seed readily in Rhode Island. Thus the resulting manure to the land than
far the White-podded Adzuki and the to plow the crop under, there are per-
Medium Green varieties have proved haps instances, particularly in the case
the most satisfactory in Rhode Is- of sandy soils which are used for
land. The latter makes a larger truck farming, where the plowing in
growth than the former and still has of green crops may be practiced with
not such a tendency to produce a great ultimate benefit to the soil.
coarse woody stem as certain other th
of the larger species. Seedsmen are Other things being equal, the
beginning to carry the seed in stock thoughtful farmer will grow, for the
and there is good promise that the renovation of his soil, crops which can
growing of the seed for the market utilize atmospheric nitrogen; since
will be a profitable undertaking, at what is thus obtained would cost at
least until it becomes more generally present from thirteen and one-half to
introdced. seventeen cents per pound, if pur-
chased at retail in the form of com-
Crimson Clover. where it can be I mon fertilizers.-Rhode Island Exper-
made to succeed, makes a good for- iment Station.
age or cover crop, draws nitrogen
from the air. and is being more wide-
ly introduced in certain sections of The illiterate nations are chiefly
the country. Some good crops have Russia, Spain, Turkey and the unpro-
heen secured in Rhode Island by car- grossive nations of the Orient and of
trying it through the winter, though South America.
as a rule it winter-kills here badly,
even though it is sown early enough
to become strong and vigorous the TO THE DEAF.
first season. As a cover crop, for sum- A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
mer and autumn growth, it is excel- noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's
lent, but to recommend it as likely to Artiflcial Ear Drums, gave $10,000 to his
survive our winters would be a mis- Institute. so that deaf people unable to
take. procure the Ear Drums may have them
Buckwheat and Rye. two crops often free. Address lmc. The Nicholson In-
user in green manuring, are too fa- st!tute, 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.



Hoax-Slhe las beautiful hair, hasn't
she? Joax-Rang up.

Muggins-H- e married his cook, I be-
lieve. Buggins-Yes; you see, she want-
ed to leave.

Tommy-Pop, do kings still have
court jesters? Tommy's Pop-No; they
no longer feel the necessity of keeping
their wits about them.

She-He's quite a rising young au-
thor. He's going in for realism you
know. He-Yes; but he hasn't realized
on his writings to any extent.
Clarence unintentionally offended the
aspiring young poetess." "In what
way?" "He sent her a gayly decorated
waste basket as a birthday present.

"Ile was a man of strong will," re-
marked one friend of the deceased.
"Yes." agreed the other; "I hear that
even the heirs despair of breaking it."
Teacher-"If you had. nine apples and
I took eight of them away, what
would be the result?"
Pupil-"Yer finish!"-Chicago News.

Father-I am afraid you will never
make your living with your pen. Son-
Then, father, don't you think you could
-er-advance me the price of a type-

"'Trans' means across said the
teacher; "can any boy give me an il-
lustration of its use?" "Yes, ma'am,"
spoke up little Willie; "'transparent'
a cross parent."
Overheard in the florists-"How
much are your hyacinths?" "Fifty cents
apiece." "Why, I bought them for a
quarter last month." "Yes; but they
are higher since."
Irate Tenant-You told me there
were no piano players in this house.
Just listen to that girl on the next
floor. Flat Landlord-She is no player;
merely a practice.
Nell-I never knew a girl so sus-
ceptible to flattery as Maude. Belle-
That's right. Jack told her she was an
angel, and she went right off and be-
gan taking lessons on the harp.

"Say. malnman, how much am I
"You are worth a million of dollars
to me, my onl."
"Say. Ilnaln a, couldn't you advance
nme twenty-five cents?"--Time.
"Did (lGlmys aninounceii her engage-
mlent t once'."
"No she had to wait three weeks. as
her principal rival was away at Hot
Springs. and she wouldn't think of tell-
ing it to anyone lbut her filst."
The two thoisebrlekelr had nearly
comlle to blows. "You liromised to tll-
vide Afitlh me. ilnd you're keeping
everything," complained one. "No, I'm
not keeping everything." replied the
other. "I'm not keeping my promise."
Ife-"Why are you so quiet. dear? I
haven't heard you ope.n your nlloulth
hardly ollce today."
Shel -"-0. l'nm saving mIyself for tilhe
whist li:lrty tonight." -Yonkers Stales-
Clara-"I wonder how Mattie eminue
to marry Fred Somlerby?."
Bertha-"The most nlitnral reason in
thel world. Fred had an overcoat that
was a irrfect inatlch for Mattie's new
gown."--Boston Transcript.

"Is there anything more nonsensical
than your poetry?" asked the very can-
did friend.
"Oh. yes," responded the great mag-
azine editor, "we are going to publish
love letters of famous men."-Chicago

Mollie-"Thank fortune, my musical
education is completed at last."
Aunt Hannah-"I had supposed that
a musical education was like any other
education, never completed."
Mollie-"Yes. I know: that's usually
tie case. But Professor Crotchet told

me today that I could sing and play
as well as ever I will. Wasn't it good
of him to say that?"-Boston Trans-
"What would you say," began the
voluble prophet of woe, "if I were to
tell you that in a very short space of
time all the rivers in this country
would dry up?"
"I would say," replied the patient
man, "'Go thou and do likewise.' "-
Philadelphia Press.

"Mamma, I wish you'd let cook put
up my lunch instead of doing it your-
"It's no trouble, my dear."
"I know."
"Then why -"
"'Cause she's got a better appetite
than you."-Moonshine.
.Mistress-"I am sorry to say that
your former employers do not speak of
you in the highest terms."
Applicant.-"Perhaps not; but then,
you know, the girls who have lived
there don't have much to say in your
favor. So its seems to be about a stand-
off between us. I take as much risk
as you do."
"Are you going out tonight, dear,"
said the husband to the emancipated
"I am. It is the regular weekly meet-
ing of the lodge."
"Then I want to say to you"-and
there was an usual defiance in the
mild man's tone-"I want to say that
if you are not -.ome by eleven o'clock
I shall go home to my father."-Les-
lie's Weekly.

Picking and Shipping Cabbage.
Mr. F. Emmert, one of Corpus Cris.
ti's leading cabbage raisers, gives the
following pointers to new beginners in
Corpus Cristi Caller:
"The packing and shipping of cab-
bage is a most important subject just
at present-important, because cab-
bage has become a very great prod-
uct in this section of the country.
In the first place, there is no vegetable
so universally used as cabbage. You
will find it from the borders of the
Rio Grande to the borders of Cana-
da, and from the Atlantic to the Pacif-
ic. It is shipped clear across this con-
tinent and distributed in every town
and village, and there is no place of
any size in the United States that you
will not find it the year round. It
grows to perfection right here in our
coast country, and it las lwcome the
bhyword when you l meet it farllmer. lie
will say, "How is your calbbage't" Now
to get a reputation and hold it, for a
first-class article, it is most important
to get your calbage into the market in
Iiest IpHssille shni:i*. aind with llte fail
ities at our comllmand. we can do it. if
we only use prole'r care and a little
"Now. to begin with. you must have
tirst-class seed to produce first-class
medium size. solid heads. Next. well
the Ileads are ready to cu(t, you must,
have expert hands who can tell a liead
of cabbage when it is ready to cut
when they look at it (same as a good
watermelon man can tell a ripe walter-
melon without thullllping It) and inll
strict them to cut nothing except whiai
is good and solid. 1se i btcher knives.
I find tihe little utir'ved, so-'ailed skin
nlilg knives. ilie best. ('lit tlie leads
off smooth from tile stunill leavingg
anliout two green leaves i o tie head
UTse a ('art or single horLe wagon ai1nd
lay tile heads n by each Imanl taking
two rows. same as gathering corn.
Never throw your cabbage ion the
gronlld ill windrows as I have seen
done. just as though they wvere so
much trash. When you get your cart
or wagon full unload into your big
wagon and take to your station.
"If the c ageaa is to le crated take
all express packer along and let himi
crate while your other men are cutting.
Always place tile stump to the outside
and pack as close as possible, but not
so as to mash or bruise the heads.
Farmers living at a great distance
should use springs under their wagon
beds to keep the cabbage from jolting
too much on the hard road. I can as-
sure you that cabbage handled ill this
way will find a ready sale every time."









Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailing from Savannah. Four shirs each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write fcr
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASANT. Trame Manager. WALTEB HAWKINS, Gem. Agt
New Pier 35 North River. New York. 224 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville, Fla.


The Great Through Car Line from Florida.



To The Richmond and Washington.
lumbia and Washington.
via All Rail


via satobuasiP

The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevill
The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.

Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
York, Philadelphia and Boston.

Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
lion Compan7 for Baltimore.

To KEY WEST Via Peninsular & Occidental
HAVANA Steamship Com
INCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.



Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WB8TERN AND
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-

For information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc, write to
F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
138 West Bay Street, Aster Illock, JackMsovllle, Florida.
Gen. 8ept. Palm. Trale Mna'.


Dade County Tomatoes.
We wish to thank you very kindly
for the nice notice you gave us in your
Issue, and we sincerely hope that we
can make the same reputation for tlhe
Dade county tomato that the Indian
river orange now enjoys. Our Mr. Mc-
Comb started making a distinction be-
tween the Indian river orange and the
ordinary Florida orange over twenty
years ago. He recognized the fact
that the orange was the finest in the
world and immediately took steps to
advertise it. He had special wrappers
made for the oranges and special sten-
cils made for the boxes, all advertis-
ing the Indian river. He built tile
frst house built on the Indian river
for the sole purpose of packing oran-
ges, and at that time handled a very
arge percentage of the entire crop. He
watched the.growth for the demand of
the Indian river orange with much
pleasure, and we beg to say that we
are going to devote the same efforts
So making a name for the Dade county
tomato, and that we can succeed in
dolng so, if growers will carefully and
honestly select, grade and pack their
We will cite just one instance.
n-uring this winter J. M. Wilson, of
Alapattah, made us a few small ship-
nents. After his second shipment
came to hand, the purchaser said he
would take all of that mark off. each
Steamer, at top market price, as long
as they were put up like the first ship-
ments. There is no doubt whatever
hut what we can make a reputation
for any individual shipper who will
take the same care that Messrs. Wil-
Son & Co. did.
We are only too glad to advertise
Dade county in this way. and it surely
is good advertising, because our cor-
respondence goes to all sections of the
United States east of the Mississippi
river, all the principal points in Cana-
da, and to Bermuda and Cuba. We
know that the Dade county tomato
is the best in the world, and recogniz-
ing a good thing we are going to
"push it along," as the slang expres-
sion goes.-Miami Metropolis.

They cure dandruff, hair falling,
headache, etc., yet costs the same as an
ordinary comb. Dr. White's Electric
Comb. The only patented Comb in the
world. People, everywhere it has been
introduced, are wild with delight. You
Simply comb your hair each day and
the comb does the rest. This wonder-
ful comb is simply unbreakable and is
made so that it is absolutely Impossi-
ble to break or cut the hair. Sold on a
written guarantee to give perfect sat-

or one. Ladies' size, 50c. Gents'
35e. Live men and women want-
everywhere to Introduce this article.
I on sight. Agents are wild with
.(See want column of this pa-
). Address D. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr.,
tur, IlI.

Last Season's Cotton.
Manager W. G. Robinson of the
cotton department of H. F. Dutton &
Co., the most extensive cotton mer-
*haats in this state, has furnished the
Reporter with some interesting infor-
pation, in the matter of acreage and
production of the cotton crop last
season, which will likely prove valu-
able to our readers.
In answer to the question as to the
aggregatee production last season. Man-
ger RobinSon stated that in Alachua
county four thousand five hundred
pales were produced, with an average
*f 390 pounds to the bale, or a total of
S.759,500 pounds, with an acreage of
about 18,000 acres. The product sold
pa an average through the season at
01 1-2 to 22 cents per pound, which
pleans that the cotton crop realized a
#nm that would reach into the neigh-
porhood of $387,090. Inasmuch as the
product was sold almost exclusively at
pome the growers received the benefit
*t this money, subsequently the mer-
chants and commercial field generally
reaped a proportion of the benefits.
Manager Robinson stated that judg-
ng from the information he could get
0t the present time, the acreage for
ibe coming crop will be about the
oame as last season. The principal
eason why the acreage will not be in-

creased is on account of the prevailing
high prices paid for male labor by the
phosphate, naval stores and mill op-
erators, the growers being compelled
to resort to the services of women and
children to cultivate the crop. The
scale of lalor which runs from 90
cents to $1 per day in the mills and
mines, would not warrant a profit,
even should the staple command a
price of 25 cents per pound. If suffi-
cient labor could be secured at a
scale of wages which would warrant a
profit at the prevailing prices of last
season, the acreage would be materi-
ally increased for the next crop.
On account of the exertions of
Messrs. Dutton & Co., and others,
there will be a larger amount of sea-
island cotton seed imported this season
th:i for many years. Up to the pres-
ent there has bIeen planted only about
five per cent of the crop, but it is an-
ticipated that the planting will be-
come general during the coming week,
and continue until the entire acreage
has been sowed.
Messrs. Dutton & Co., may be con-
sidered the fathers of the cotton in-
dustry in this section, which has as-
sumed the largest proportions by far
than any other in the county.-Gaines-
ville Sun.
Will take notice of the advertise-
ment of the Alexander Seed Company,
Augusta, Ga. This is an old and re-
liable firm, who only deal in the high-
est quality of seeds to be obtained.

Plant the Palmetto.
May I ask space in your valued col-
umns to make a plea for the more
general planting of the cabbage pal-
When, with our northern eyes we
first looked upon Florida, three years
ago, we remember that the strangest
and most pleasing impression made
upon us was the cabbage palmetto.
Travellers fleeing from snow and ice,
deeply appreciate a tropical aspect,
and what more beautiful object in na-
ture than the palm. with its widely ex-
tended, gracefully sweeping fronds?
We wondered that the towns were
not set with them from end to end.
that every dooryard had not its valued
:Ind petted palm.
The entertainment of the northern
visitor is perhaps not the least of
Florida's opportunities for financial bet.
terment. A constantly increasing num-
her of guests will doubtless seek in
the future, as in the past, to share with
the permanent resident his lakes, and
skies, his palms and oaks, his moss
and roses, and to listen to the liquid
music of the mockingbird, poured forth
upon summer breezes.
The Ieautiful and profitable orange
tree may again be blasted, but in the
absence of its golden fruit, there will
he the products of a diversified culture,
mnd in lieu of its stripped foliage, the
more hardy camphor tree, and cherry
'nuris may beautify the landscape with
their somewhat similar, and equally at-
tractive covering. These. with a liber-
al planting of the hardy palmetto.
in:ngled with the beautiful oaks. will
banish the impression of desolation, so
prevalent after "the freeze."
Orlando has peculiar attractions in its
excellent water supply, its good roads.
and its public oaks, and may a general
planting of the beautiful cabbage pal-
metto further beautify our town, and
give it a more tropical aspect.
It is not necessary to spend five dol-
lars for a guaranteed five or six foot
trunk. procured by much expenditure
of time and labor from the hammock:
fifty cents to one dollar will procure a
nursery grown plant two or three feet
in height, that is at once a handsome
addition to the house surroundings or
wayside, and each year will render it
a more conspicuous object in the land-
scape.-South Florida Record.
WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to
introduce the "hottest" seller on
earth. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
patented 1899. Agents are coining
money. Cures all forms of scalp ail-
ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the
same as an ordinary comb. Send 50
cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
Rose, Gen. Magr., p~atur. IlL Im

A Florida Broom actorr.
Few people in this city are aware of
the fact that we have right here in our
midst, it might be said, a genuine
broom factory. The factory is operated
by IH. II. Arnold. of Fairbanks, and the
article manufactured is not of the
"bunch" variety, hut the regular style,
with wooden handles, and put together
in a manner which would he a credit
to any factory of the kind in this coun-
Mr. Arnold, with his interesting little
son, brought to this city recently sev-
eral dozens of tile brooms which were
readily sold to the merchants at fac-
tory prices. We are informed that he
brings his product regularly to mar-
ket. and never fails to dispose of his
goods, which, being hand made. are
possessed of a durability and superior-
ity unlconmon to the machine made ar-
Mr. Arnold states that the broom
corn from which the brushes were
made could be easily raised here. but
owing to his failure to induce the farm-
ers to plant he was compelled to order
the raw material from Pennsylvania.
He has grown the product to some ex-
tent himself, but so far the production
has not been equal to meet the demand
of the trade.
This is an industry which should be
encouraged, as it may lead to some-
thing more beneficial and extensive to
this section.-Gainesville Sun.
Should Sleep a Third of the Time.
Dr. Anderson ,speaking of rest and
sleep, says that it is a scientific fact
that one-third of our time should be
spent in sleep; quiet, restful, natural,
rrefreshing sleep. Many men, however,
especially literary men, writers, preach-
ers, lawyers and doctors, all, more or
less, starve the brain incessantly in
this matter until they bring on a part-
ial and sometimes an Incurable insom-
nia. An irritable man, cross, pettish,
peevish, disagreeable and easy to "fly
off the handle" and get mad as a "wet
hen" on the slightest provocation, can
nearly always be classed as one who
does not get or take enough sleep. A
self-composed, placid, quiet, thought-
ful. even-tempered, genial-natured mania
maly be known as one who not only
insists upon having his full quota of
sleep, but one who takes it-eight good,
solid hours of sleep and rest From a
medical standpoint natural sleep is
the best and only natural tonic for the
nervous system known, and all other
so-called tonics are stimulants. Na-
ture's tonics are exercise, pure air and
water, sunshine and sleep-all else are
stimulants and often harmful instead
of being conducive to health. Brain rest
and sleep, freedom from care, anxiety
and responsibility, pure air and water,
healthy exercise, regular diet good di-
gestion-and this generally brings it-

You know all
about it. The
rush, the
are a slave to your worry th e

W You go about
with a great
weight resting upon
y Yo. You can't throw

arthe a slave to your rworked, and
to this feelings You

approaches it. In age 0 *
Sleep n fails, and you are i
on the verge of nervous
What is to beore done

sarsapallPas were born.
For fifty years it has
been lifting up the dis-
couraged, giving rest to
the overworked, and
bringing refreshing sleep
to the depressed.
No other Sarsaparilla
approaches it. In age
and in cures, "Ayer's" is
"the leader of them all."
It was old before other

tion of Ayer's Sarsapa-
rilla. They cure bilious-
ness. 5cts. a Us.
Share used Ayer'smedielnes for
more than 4o years and have said
from the very start that you made
the best medicines in the world. I
am sure your Sarsaparilla saved my
life when I first took it 40 years ago.
I am now past 7T and am never
without your medicines."
Jan. 24. 1899. Eno. Kanwfl.
W16 019 OonVp.
S If ou have any complaint whatever
and desire the best medical Iadice you
can possibly receive, write the doctor
freely. o will receive a prompt re
ply, withoutent. Address,
Da. J. C. ATER. Lowell. Mass.

and full eight hours of sleep. would
lentheln the life of the present gener-
ntion from ten to thirty years.-Ex.

Any r^ikbsbu w" m BY MAIL.
Prec rSt Ft amd satisfaction Guaranteed. Beware of travelling
OPTICIANS and FAKIRS who ruin your eves. Write for Home Ex-
amiatis Bl s and particulars, and save over oe-half the cost.
GLOBE OPTICAL CO.,------- Baltimore, Md.



Premium offer N 1. Any one sending us a new Subscriber
Sr and $2.00 will receive an open-face,
stem-wind and stem-set watch, guaran teed by the manufacturers forone year.
Send your subscriptions at once to TH FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville, Fla.



March 21, 1901.
E. O. Painter & Company,
Jacksonville, Fla.
I desire to say concerning your Simon Pure brands
of fertilizer that I have been using them every year since you
began to manufacture them. In all I have used on my own orange
groves and others that were in my charge between one and two
hundred tons. In many instances I have applied these fertil-
izers for a series of years in comparison with best brands
manufactured by other companies and have noted the results. I
can fairly say that in no instance in connection with these
tests have any better results been obtained than from your
fertilizers. To my mind the best feature in your favor is the
fact that for all these years I have never been disappointed
in results, and they have been so uniform as to prove to me
conclusively not only that the materials of which the fertil-
izer is composed are thoroughly mixed but also that the chem-
icals or materials used are of the best quaility. I am apply-
ing your bronds exclusively this year to the several groves
in which I am interested, and very likely shall continue to do
so as long as your present standard of excellence is maintain-
ed and prices are satisfactory. I am perfectly willing to
pay the current price for the best material, and am satisfied
it pays any one to do so rather than to pay less money for a
poorer or questionable article.
Yours very truly,
A. G. Hamlin.

A High-Grade Fertilizer


r H AVE TH ES E. "W' "
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
A POTA ANURE.....o pr tn IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $3o.o per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ..................$20.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask -for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
PLg's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $1800 per ton Damavaland Gumo, The Ideal Tobacco FertillIer. S44.00 per ta.

Full Text
xml record header identifier 2008-01-22setSpec [UFDC_OAI_SET]metadata oai_dc:dc xmlns:oai_dc http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc xmlns:dc http:purl.orgdcelements1.1 xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc.xsd dc:title The Florida agriculturist.Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.).dc:creator Kilkoff & Deandc:subject Agriculture -- Florida.Newspapers. -- De Land (Fla.)Newspapers. -- Volusia County (Fla.)Newspapers. -- Jacksonville (Fla.)Newspapers. -- Duval County (Fla.)dc:description Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.Editor: C. Codrington, 1878-"A journal devoted to state interests."Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907-Numbering is irregular.Issues for 1911 also called "New series."dc:publisher Kilkoff & DeanKilkoff & Dean,dc:date 4 17, 1901dc:type Newspaperdc:format v. : ill.dc:identifier (ALEPH)AEQ2997 (NOTIS)01376795 (OCLC)96027724 (ISSN)1376795 (OCLC)dc:source University of Floridadc:language Englishdc:coverage United States of America -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville.United States of America -- Florida -- Volusia -- De Land.