*1 *' "ItteilL, Jk3 n A 1:*Fa -'E
or Agrlrllciit R & Y
U.S. Departmert ofAgricu
vim li 1h_
Vol. XXVIII, No. 5. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Jan. 30, 1901. Whole No 1409
Mole Beans. and think it most excellent for hedg-
Editor Florida Agriculturist: ing. E. N. Reasoner.
Dear Sir:-A few years ago the Oneco, Florida.
ground moles were playing havoc with *
my crop on a 4-acre piece of ground. Seedling vs. Budded Peaches.
One day an old negro who formerly It one is disposed to plant the seed,
belonged to my grand-uncle, came over then by selecting these types as a basis,
and I told him about the damage they a gaeat variety of forms will result,
were doing; asked him of he knew any but there is no assurance that one will
ay to get rid of them. He asked me ecur the variety of peach that is ex-
why I did not set out some "mole Careful and systematic grow-
pected. Careful and systematic grow-
bna" there, saying that there used ers who have experimented with seed-
to be some in the garden. He went in ling peach trees will tell you that fre
considered a weed, saying that his "ole- n b1 sed f en
adstth ut s excellent peach will produce a small
masterr" had always called thm and inferior fruit. This is in accord-
mole beans, and that the moles would ance with what s known as "the law
never go near them. I set out a few, of retrogression." Special varieties of
but as the place was so large for a few fruits can, by gradual Improvement in
plants they did not seem to do much each succeeding generation, reach to
good, but I thought I noticed a de- the highest perfection, but there is a
crease in their tracks. I forgot all natural limit to this. To try to go
about them until last ear, when I had beyond It either destroys the gerina-
hmy garden n new ground, and early In tire elements of that variety and pre.
the spried to the moles were terrible. I cents further increase of seedling oe
happened to think of the "mole beans" tie offspring of this highly improved
and got a few plants from the old gar- vriet rence to tbroa and althy
sen and set them out. Soon I noticed proved small and inferior fruit. Na-
a decided improvement and was both- ture abhors an extinction of species,
ered very little with them the rest of hece the sudden return to n original
the year in the garden. I noticed very trewhe futpseevioof
closely the place where they grew t n trea whose fruit possesses vigor of re-
the old garden and never sawnt any signs oc te writers ath otai
No better illustration of this law can
of them near there, while some distance given than by referring to scientfi
off their tracks could be seen frequent- ottt d i
ly. The plants I had in my garden labors of the world-famed pomologist,
were prolific and I saved a lot of seed. tie late Profetsor Van Mons, of Bel-
Should any of the readers desire to try gium, who, after 45 years of systematic
Soriug of pear trees, produced as mane
them I will be very glad to send themig s s er o an
some seed (two or three dozen), if they as eigt succeeding generations. By se
BSSer Florie Agricuittristm to the original type.
will send addressed, stamped envelope. eating the most promising seedlings
The plants do not take much from th e nn to their broad and health
soil. I noticed last year three of them foliage and the vigor of the plant from
growing beside one stalk of corn and each sowing, he succeeded in produc-
could see no difference in it. They can ing several hundred varieties, many
be planted after) danger of heavy rost f which form the present supply of
s over, either where they are to sthe our pears. But the last generation, og
or in beds and be transplanted as they which the writer's father obtained a
are very easy to live. Respectfully, iarge number, yielded many trees of
S. Meares. weak constitution and fruit detective
Clarkson, N. C. il" seeds. The others produced small
or inferior fruit, but the trees assumed
great vigor, usually smaller foliage and
hNot American Olive, many thorns, which assimilated them
Bhadr Feorid Agriepauriet. to the original type.
We wish to correct a mistake of Mr. We have in the Alexander peach an-
Haskell's (see page 34, No. 3, of your other instance where further improve.
valuable paper), in regard to the "Am- ment seems to be almost entirely ar.
erican Olive." The hedge which he de- rested, few of the seed possessing ger.
scribes south of DeLand on the Orange nlartive powers.
City road, opposite Waldo farm, is Longevity in peach trees depends
composed entirely of Prunus Carolini- more upon the large size and quality
ana, the native "mock-orange," "..Care- of the fruit and its season of maturity
ion laurel-cherry, or "wild. peach;" than upon tehe tree.
the writer photographed the hedge and Observing cultivators know that a
had an engraving prepared for our 1900 tree which reaches the bearing age
catalogue, and personally told Mr. Has- the sooner and produce an abundance
kell the correct name of the plant at of large, early maturing fruit will not
the time. It is altogether different lives long as another producing small
from the wild olive (Olea Americana), and late ripening fruit; the former re
and one noticeable point of dissimilar- quires from the soil a more rapid and
Ity is the color of the foliage; dark larger supply of the elements of nutrl-
shining green In the prunus and Ulight tion than the latter, and unless the sol
In the olive. The wild olive is also a is kept replenished annually the early
fne hardy shrub or small tree but not bearing tree will succumb sooner than
so well adapted for hedging as the the other with fruit expanding in sife
prunu. It is also of very slow growth. and reaching maturity very slowly
I heartily endorse Mr. Haskell's and finally only attaining to a small
ist of the "Carolina laurel-cherry" size and inferior quality. Precocity
and abundant large and good fruit
bearing in trees naturally tends to a
shorter life. than large and inferior pro-
That seedling peach trees could ever
compete in financial results with bud-
ded trees is a theory without a shadow
of foundation. Our commercial or-
chiards must be planted with varieties
conlmining size, quality, carrying capa-
city and a period of maturity which
must not vary from year to year. In
normal seasons, the fruit grower us-
ually is nearly through gathering and
shipping a given variety before another
is ready to take its place; he calculates
the different and successive ripenings
with an eye to the market and his work
is then carried on with precision, but
let tliere happen some climatic influ-
ence which interverts the order of ma-
turity and brings two or more varie-
ties together, then he finds himself of-
ten confronted with a scarcity of la-
bor or inadequate transportation facili-
ties. part of the fruit cannot be gath.
ered as fast as required, hence a por-
tion of it is lost.
If there is a home market where mix-
ed lots of peaches can be sold, either
good or indifferent, then an orchard of
seedling peaches may sometimes yield
some returns, providing the proportion
of jsMr fruit is not in the majority,
and where the purchasers are not very
particular as to the quality. But where
would the orchardist be at the end of
three or four years patiently waiting
for his seedling trees to bear, when
he finds scarcely two yielding fruit
which he had intended to sell in east.
ern and western markets, where buy-
ers' demands must be conformed to,
his time and money would be lost as
surely as would be his future reputa-
tion as a shipper.
tl would prove an excellent lesson for
the imain who advocates planting seed-
ling trees for a commercial orchard to
visit some of the large fruit packing
houses during the height of the ship-
ping season. If he then still sticks to
his theory, neither he nor those who
listen to his vagaries will be benefited.
for refusing to accept practical facts.
The life of a peach trees is short at
best, its longevity is influenced by soil
cultivation, locality, normal or over-
production. A budded tree, which re-
ceives the proper cultivation, and ferti-
lization will live as long as a seedling,
all things being equal, and with the
certainty that the fruit will be exactly
as anticipated. We commend the work
of him. who by systematic selection of
seeds from various strains produces
new and superior varieties of peaches,
and we owe to the painstaking care and
perseverance of such men, many of
our best market varieties which have
proven of great benefit to our fruit
growers, but such men know that the
proportion of really valuable seedling
fruits is very small when compared
with the mass of poor fruit, and do not
advise this method for orchard pur-
poses. As to the fruit from budded
trees being more liable to be affected
by fungous diseases than that from
seedling trees, there is absolutely noth-
ing that can substantiate the aser-
tion as made.
"Brown rot," which prevailed quite
extensively during June and July and
abusedd a great deal of fruit to decay
!n some sections of Georgia, will no
ore spare one nethan the other I they
ripen at the same time, and all condl-
tions being alike, which If carefully
practiced will largely if not entirely
prv etffeetive inll combatting its occur-
But possibly there are left some
doubting Thomases who will no more
believe in the efficacy of spraying trees
to counteract insect pests and fungous
diseases than that there is any good in
planting budded fruit trees. Luckily
there are many wide-awake men who
today are jubilant over a well-filled
IHswket-book, the result of planting bud-
ded trees of such varieties as the mar-
PI. .. Breckmana.
Orange county, and particularly Or-
lando and its environs, has, from the
day when Florida first became promi-
nent as a winter resort, been a favorite
field for wealthy Northerners who de.
sire to create beautiful and comfort-
aile winter hones in the South. Othee
points in the state have sprung into
prominence as tourist resorts, and
other sections have temporarily or
otherwise, attracted the attention to
winter home-seekers; but through al
the swelling and bursting of booms,
Central Orange has remained a steady .
favorite, and with reason. No section
of the state has so many natural ad-
vantages in the matter of climate, soil,
healthfulness and topography, and
there are none with better transports.
tion anl educational facilities, better
people, better roads, better churches,
or better government. These facts
have become known throughout the
entire country by word of mouth rath-
er than through any abnormal boom-
ing: hence the growth of this section
in popular esteem has been conserva-
tive, sound and enduring. Even the
big freeze did not relatively effect the
popularity of this section. Northern
people very properly reasoned that
whatever of good there was left in
Florida could be found here.
Among the many Northern people
who have palatial winter homes in
this neighborhood is Mr. Isaac A. Hop.
per, the millionaire contractor and
builder of New York City. Mr. Hop.
per's place, "The Ripples," is located
about four miles northeast of Orlando.
on tle road to Winter Park, and is
one of the principal objects of interest
to sightseers visiting this section. It
consists of about 200 acres of land
charmingly situated on Lake Sue, one
of the largest of the chain of beautiful
lakes extending from Winter Park to
Orlando. It also lies along three.
fourths of a mile of the main highway,
surrounded to a considerable etent by
66 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
virgin forests of pine, oak and palmet- by or through the Hopper place is kept
to. The residence, which is located in as neatly as a garden walk, with edges
the midst of a lawn of seven acres, is clean cut with a road machine and
of palatial proportions and provided surface hard and smooth.
with every modern convenience which ,"The Ripples" is this year under the
can contribute to the comfort and hap- ellicient management of Mr. B. H.
pines of the owner, his family and Tomlinson, to whom the writer is in-
their guests. Besides the residence, debted for many courtesies. Mr. Tom-
there is a large, comfortable dwelling linson was for many years teller of
for the overseer, and stables well tle Farmer's Loan and Trust Company
stocked with blooded horses, cattle, of Sanford and sought out-of-door em-
etc. The great lawn, which slopes ployment on account of his health. He
from the buildings to the highway in is at present making his headquarters
one direction and the lake in another, at the Magnolia, in this city, but has
is one of the finest to be found in Flor- rented a residence here and will soon
Ida. It is covered with a thick, healthy bring his family down from Sanford.-
growth of Bermuda grass, which even Orlando Sentinel-Reporter.
In winter is soft and green. The most *
charming portion of this lawn is where A Champion of the 'Berkshire.
It slopes sharply to meet the pure, blue As you solicit the readers of The
waters of Lake Sue. The junction of News to write for its columns what
lake and lawn is clean cut-there Is breed of hogs they prefer and their
none of the marsh which sometimes reasons for such preference, I record
mars the approach to Florida lakes. as my choice the Berkshire. For sever-
Lake Sue is a mile or more between al years I have made the breeding of
extremes and perhaps three-fourths as the Berkshire a specialty, which may
wide, and is easily one of the loveliest to some extent account for my partial-
bodies of water among the many here- ity for that variety.
about. On the shore is a neat boat In the first place the Berkshire has
house, supplied with all the requisites more distinctive marks than any other
for boating and fishing. To the right ni'ced. In his general makeup his dif-
of the lawn, as one faces the water, fcrence from tile ordinary common
also bordering on the lake, is a tract stock is more marked and more distin-
of woodland, in which are being plant- guishable in several particulars.
ed trees of the rarest kinds and which First-The short deeply dished face
will in time be a beautiful park. is found in no other breeds.
Along the southern border of the Second-His body is long, and in the
lawn dashes a brook of pure spring best strains his back is straight, with
water, which by means of a hydraulic no inclination to any rise in the middle.
ram tills an elevated tank from which Third-His back across the hams and
.is drawn a never failing supply for the shoulders is broader for the size of the
houses. This brook constitutes one of hog than is the case with other breeds.
the most charming bits of natural scen- I ourth-His legs are shorter than
ery about the place. those of other breeds in proportion to
"The Ripples" boasts of. one of the size, if we except the guinea hog.
largest and finest pineries in the coun- Fifth-He is a black hog with the
ty, to say nothing of the shedded or- exception of his feet, the center of his
ange grove an acre in extent. Under face and the tip of his tail, which are
this shed are 152 budded orange and white.
grapefruit trees, two and one-half lie has generally a good coat of hair,
years old and set 18 feet apart. These well adapted to standing our severest
trees are flourishing finely and are in winters and even thriving while the
no danger of a freeze. growth of others are checked by the
The covered pinery consists of three severity of cold, bad weather. The
acres and contains about 27,Uo0 smooth Berkshire is easily kept, easily fatten.
Cayennes, of which 1,80 are now ed, is a good rustler and there is no
fruiting; the remainder will yield a breed in which the sows furnish more
crop early the coming summer. Be- milk.
sides, there are 15,000 plants for sale. It has been demonstrated, too, that
So. there is money in the business as according to length, breadth and girth,
well as sport. The interior of this the Berkshire will weigh more, or give
vast pinery, with its "dim regilious more meat than any other breed. At
light," its profound silence, its straight the same time he will deteriorate un-
rows of waist-high plants and posts der neglect or improper treatment as
stretching away into the obscure per- rapidly if not more so than other
spective, is an impressive sight, and breeds. It is a mistake. in my judg-
one worth a trip from the frozen North meat, to say that objectionable traits
to see. in hogs, such as eating chickens, break.
Emerging from the cool shade of the ing fences, going wild, etc., are to be
sheds into the genial warmth of the found in one breed more than in an-
Florida sun, the visitor finds himself other. Little chickens just hatched
in the midst of a comparatively newly and turned loose among hogs make
set orange grove (a rare object since hogs chicken eaters. Poor fences and
the great freeze), containing 2,0u0 bud- poor feed make them fence-breakers,
ded trees of all varieties from two to and turningthem loose in woods and
four years old. About 5b0 of these giving them no attention will cause
young trees are set in the midst of the any breed to get shy and even wild.
great lawn, the turf of which has been The Berkshire is probably older than
left intact save for a little circle other superior breeds of hogs. He was
around each tree. For precocity this brought to America over 100 years ago.
young grove would be hard to beat. Even now the finest herds in the Unit-
Mere saplings not as high as one's head ed States are annually replenished by
were loaded with golden fruit. One par- annual importations from England.
ticular baby, the trunk of which was We do not speak disapprovingly of
not large enough to make a respect- other breeds, but hope to see their good
able walking stick, was supporting.six points set forth in the columns of The
gigantic oranges. A novice would News.-J. A. H. Granberry, in Dallas
suppose such prolific bearing at a ten- News.
er age would sap the strength of the a
tree, but old growers say the trees seem '~ampa's Big Business in 1900.
to like it. Barring a freeze, Mr. Hop- The taking of stock in the factories
per will next year have oranges for was completed in a hurry this year and
the market, the manufacturers are as deeply im-
A heavy enterprise on Mr. Hopper's mersed in business again as they were
part this season is the construction at before the holidays. A large number
"The Ripples" of a splendid half-mile of orders had accumulated which will
race track, of which mention has from take some time to fill. The first week
time to time been made in these col- of the new year starts out with a
nmns. It has been no small job to splendid record, and if it can be taken
dear a vast tract of pine land, and as a criterion for the weeks that are
grade and clay the race course and polo to follow the prophecies that have been
field, but skilled engineers and scores made through this column will more
of men and teams have been at work than be fulfilled. Surely the great Am-
all winter, at an expense of many erican public is prosperous, or at least
thousands of dollars, and the work is that portion which smokes Tampa-
now nearly done. By February 1, "The made cigars.
Ripples" will boast of one of the fines The onticial figures of the Internal
race courses in the State. i Revenue Office show a decided increase
The long stretch of highway passing in receipts over last year. The total
receipts for the year 1900 from the
sale of stamps for cigars were $486,-
743.28. representing an output of 135,.
205.4(6 cigars. There was imported
during that year through the port of
Tampa 22,109 bales of tobacco, almost
double the amount imported during the
proceeding year, and greater than any
year in the history of Tampa.
For the month of D-cember, 1900, the
Internal Revenue Office reports sales
of stamps for manufactured cigars at
$43,684.17. The output for this month
was 12.134,491 cigars.-U. S. Tobacco
Clean Hogs Inside and Out.
The value of clean hogs is greater
than dirty, filthy swine, and as a rule
the grower of experience knows this,
says W. E. Edwards in American Cul-
tivator. The man who makes a speci-
alty of raising clean hogs, inside and
outside, makes his market, and very of-
ten his price. The old prejudice against
pork as a healthful food to eat is be-
ing broken down gradually by those
who assure the consumptive public
that their hogs are raised on just as
clean, sweet food, and in as sanitary
pells as the cows or sheep. Pork made
from corn and sour swill, with swine
re.a;eld in tile ilthiest surroundings,
c':innot ib the best meat to eat. It of-
ten reqnuires only one glance at an old-
fashioned pigpen for a fastidious per-
son to turn away from pork for the
iLal:'ice of his life. But now let me
glance at a modern pigpen where ev-
erylthling is clean and sweet, from the
bed in the corner to the feed in the
trough, or look over a herd of swine
feeding in a clover lot, where they
seell to enjoy life more than in the
pen. and then the question may be well
asked, "Is pork an unhealthy meat to
eat?." Fresh pork and fine crisp bacon
make a toothsome diet for nine-tenths
of those who like meat, and if they can
le assured that the animals have been
ereared under good sanitary surround-
ings they will eat more and more of
lhis meat. The farmers have no great-
er work in this world than to redeem
swine-raising from the low estate to
which it has fallen in the past. We
are making noticeable progress in this
line, but a few still hang on to old
methods and continue to disgust the
city consumer who may happen to ven-
ture into tile country hi summer and
see a few pigs wallowing in their own
mire-dirty. lilthy and nauseating. It
is a pity that some providence does not
destroy every such pig with swine chol-
era, visiting the owner with a swift
and sure punishment for his careless-
ness. Those who are making an effort
to elevate the whole business of swine-
breeding would then receive their re-
Beekeeping in the Southwest.
Different locations or climate require TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
different management. Most eminent For polishion,c le ning
writers of beekeeping books and papers o washing oranges
are Northern men, where wintering is and lemons, without
the most serious question. The South- injury and at slight ex-
west practically controls the market of pe"se.
extracted honey. With almost perpetual WRIGHT BROS.
sunshine, wherever irrigation is adopt- Riverside. Cal.
ed, with large fields of alfalfa sur-
rounded by mesquite trees, is the bee
alan's paradise. Here they must be H C. H A I (0.*
shaded or they will melt during the GENERAL AGENTS,
sunmmner months, and they must be 216 w..Fors ytih St.,i 1 lorn and Julia, Jack-
placed oil ground above flood and ir- Manchester Fire. Inlsuranu,, Co.. Norwich Union
rigation. 1 set two rows of posts four Fire Iinsurnnete Soaiety, Ameriran Fire Insurance
feet apart, ten feet in the row and o., of N... InIdeimnity Fire Insurance Co., The
eight feet above the ground, and anoth. Traders In surL e t, Rf C L TaOW. S IN
AGENTS IN ALL TilE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
er row six feet high and three feet out- FLORIDA.
side these two with anchor post at each ---
end. Fasten heavy fence wire with a
stlpling to the top of each post. I
then cover with brush, fastening it
down with baling wire.
Set hives on the ground as close as
they will stand in two rows facing out,SEE
with room for a wheelbarrow between
tlem. I put at one end of the shed a Ferry sseed are
honey house tent, or what is better, a known thecountry over s
low-wheeled wagon with honey house han e bouht. Doli 't See a
screened in on it with tank, extractor, nickel on cheap seeds and lose a
capping box and full outfit. I use the dollaron the harvest
ten-frame Langstrotl hive, with super 19leedAnnual ree.
same as brood chamber. For lack of U. FERY & CO.,
help I run for extracted honey only.
As fast as strength of colony and
weather permits in spring I separate
WILL MAKE YOU
and we are seoured
the world oeer to find
its equal. Grows whenr
all others kill and bar
up from exceraire he
and lack ofr ruases
umoire. Grow wo re
all others eyrr k rui
ifd freep out I To
W*. AS otiKL .
hoicest raes I
ft p Ue:QnfMtoK.
Swith pekage of thie So lI.
W ler Ie Srlr Whet the R
MITUlm I hA: r withia I12 tons of ha r
lre thePeat-t arln faO r a
the Vletl Rare Ttv-I, the 0 --
aston fishing 20 Isrel pe
ofat. ete. In all. 10 ay l
Hfly oornth 1 to get n .
Send to-dWay.o AtL Ca.
JA N A. O
Bl-S(JLPHIDE OF CARBON
F'or ise Ii granarles to kill weevil, to de-
siroy aIts :nd gophers and to keep In
e's ftrom I the seed. etc.
3o CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen pound cans
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville
Under "9000 Oash Dop.L
The best commercial citrus fruits.
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
for past five years. Will soon fruit
if protected. 50 or more of such trees
for sale. At home place on South
Boulevard. DeLand. Fla.
W. H. HASKELL.
P MU lI ablita Oured at mlSanator,
of e refrence. 25ear. iat. Book
Home Tratrmen, ent FREE \ddres
B. M. WOOLLEY. SM. .. Atlanta. Ca.
brood, inserting a frame of uncap- young fly cannot live on a dead leaf.
honey or empty comb about every Defoliating does not hurt the tree, nor
S days, seeing that they have plen- prevent its fruiting the present year.
at boney and are storing enough to -Dr. L. C. Washburn in Myers Press.
ver all the brood should a change
weather occur. Details of Butter Making.
AL the brood chamber becomes filled The same intelligent, painstaking
take brood from the strongest to care that is given to perfecting the
MMP i the weak; I also raise brood herd must be extended to the handling
It the -iper, replacing with worker of the milk and butter. One prime re-
0mb or foundation, endeavoring to quisite to success is the proper care
a aB colonies as strong as possible of the tin and wooden vessels used.
wttht swarming. To control swarm- They should be washed as soon as pos-
ta, I large hives, well shaded, full sible after being emptied, and the milk
trance to brood chamber and super, rinsed out, first with cool water, as
a" cut out queen cells every eight hot water cooks the milk onto the sur-
4dys. I also take a frame of brood, faces, then washed thoroughly with
with adhering bees, from several hives, hot water and finally scalded with
marking a new swarm, and three days water or steam, after which they are
after give a fertile or virgin queen or to be placed where they can air and
capped queen cell.-H. A. Hadsell of sun, right side up, never inverted, as
Artua in American Agriculturist. is sometimes done. A strainer and cans
* should be provided to receive the milk
lhe White Ply and Fumigation, in the barn as it is drawn from the
A member of citizens of Fort Myers cow.
a.J t lcaty met in Travers' Hall last Milking must be done quietly, quickly,
9 stulday evening, for the purpose ot thoroughly and in a cleanly manner.
Shearing Prof. Woodworth, of Califor- If shallow setting is practiced the milk
aJl talk about the white fly and other should be taken to a cool room for milk
Ieset Which are common on many of alone. The creamer is far better than
the cttru trees of the town. the shallow pan, as in deep setting
Capt. f. A. Hendry was chairman of with ice, the milk is less affected by
the mesal and after the object of it atmospheric influences, consequently
ws explained, he Introduced Prof. the loss of butter fat is less and the
Woedworth, who told his audience a butter better and more uniform in
eat deal about the Injurious insects character. Even more to be recom-
fM nd in California and Florida, mended is the separator, which takes
amogut the citrus trees. His talk the cream from the milk as soon as
ws plain and entirely free from such milked, and that, too, with the least
evtrlling the ravages of such pests to each gallon of cream, stir thorough-
Is Cai fornla, and of destroying them. ly and set where the temperature is 66
tS d su much of interest concern- degrees, and keep at this heat until fit
experiments along spraying lines to churn, which will be in about twen-
eof defoliation, and of the anti- ty-four hours. The cream should be
tia theory, and of the hot air and stirred occasionally while ripening.
bet wapor baths. His remarks about However clean then the churn may be, it
th different insects and their habits should be scalded, then cooled with
"d modes of living and breathing and flesh water before using. Do not fill
paopagation were especially interesting the churn more than half full of cream.
aad Instructive. He dealt at some If color is to he used add it when the
h0re athe fumigation theory, which cream is put into the churn. Churning
hIe bo reduced to practice in his should be stopped when the granules
M state, and which has proven to be of butter are the size of wheat grains,
aefatily satisfactory and effective, the buttermilk drawn off without de-
am which is now being resorted to in lay and the butter washed in the churn
of OWw state. He told us how to with cold, fresh water, changing the
the the tents and with what chemi- water until it may be drawn off clear.
ome to fnmlgate--the combination cre- A little salt in the rinse water is desire.
ailm a as lighter than common air able. This part of the work should be
M which permeates the entire atmos- done as quickly as possible. It is a ser.
S re as 1t ascends under the trees and ous mistake to allow the butter to
tbp Mkhaled by the insects their stand n the water. It should be pro-
sath is accomplished. tected from both water and air baths
A short notice of the proceedings of as much as possible. The usual formu-
the meeting falls to do Justice to Prof. la of one ounce of salt to the pound of
Wlodworth or to the subject, and in butter suits the taste of the majority. -
coaimkr let us say, "there is a tide Place the butter in the worker and
I, the affairs of men which taken at work only enough to incorporate the
thn good leads on to fortune;" and it salt and do away with all mottled and
w Prof. Gossard arrives from Lake streaked appearance. As to the packing
we tall to avail ourselves of the that must be done to suit the demand
lporiotulty to free our trees from of your market. If in bulk, the vessels
thne pests we may regret it the bal- whether wooden or stone. must be
ate of oou time. Then let the town clean and odorless and the butter when
a" county take hold of the matter and packed, covered with clean white
Sr aton ad etria the former, place a thin layer of salt
on top to aid in keeping out the air.
Fancy parcels in pound and half-
,PV. C. W. Woodworth, of the Agri- pound prints, wrapped in parchment
Crnl Ollege of California, deliv. paper, are popular and convenient for
a meture at Travers' Hall last immediate sale. Private trade is, of
twda4r might, upon the best mode of course best, and the dairyman who
Itring the white fly and other in- makes a perfect article need never fear
e htfl to citrus fruit trees competition from the rank, sickly stuff
Pinlating under a tent, at an ex. that gluts the market under the name
aMI of t7 cents per tree, is always of country butter.-Exchange.
1ImtuaI and does not Injure the e tree, _
ar its fruit or blossoms.
rof. H. A. Gossard of the Agricul- Scrub ian, scrub Bull.
ttaml College of Lake City, is expected The bull at the head of a dairy herd
ie In two weeks In the interest of shows which way up or down that herd
orange culture, and our people ought is moving. Not only this, but the bull
to take this matter in hand and stamp indicates the ignorance or intelligence
0t the pest before it spreads farther, of the owner of the herd. As the
gtewy ctlen of Lee county has an lion's tall is by its motions the index
Meft is this work and taken in of his mind, just so the bull is the in.
-Ml wor the expense will be but lit- dex of his owner's mind. No matter
% sad I think It ought to be done by how good in working qualities the
-Mc tax. Let the County Commis. cows may be, if the bull is a scrub you
Lera be solicited to make an appro, can "bet your life" the owner is a
prlitko to this end, and I think it scrub also.
would be well for our town council to That owner may be a sharp trader
i eb I, for the town at present has and capable of buying good cows, but
te ratet interest All trees not he never will be a good dairyman until
mlgalltld should be defoliated, as the he learns to use a thoroughbred bull
A AGRICULTURIST. 0
at the head of his herd. The reason is interest in our feathered friends who
this: Under average conditions no are the object of our Heavenly Father's
man can keep a herd of fine cows up care, who gave them to minister to the
to standard by purchase, for the rea- pleasure of his children. Mrs. Dom-
son he has not the time to scour the merich was one of those gentle souls
country looking for bargains, and no who loved everything beautiful and
man can tell the quality of a cow sim- good. Her winter home was for many
ply by looking at her, not even by us- years in Florida. She had watched
ing the scales and Babcock on her for with righteous indignation the wanton
a few days. destruction of the beautiful birds
Real good paying cows are those who which in the past added so much to
persistently work all the season the charm of our Southland. It was
through, making a good yearly average. this womanly love which led her to ask
The cow that gives a large yield when others to unite in the creation of a so.
fresh is almost sure to dry up at an city whose object is the protection of
early day. Now the cow that most the birds of Florida.
pleases the traveling purcii..ner is ilis \Ve cannot speak too highly of her
last named cow, for she makes a big wise thoughtfulness and earnestness in
show to the eye and catches your man, the blessed work. We shall miss her
who depends on signs every time. He everywhere save in our hearts, and
generally carries her home, and after while she rests from her labors, we be-
a season's trial breeds her to a scrub lieve it is true that her work will fol-
bull and turns her off to some other low her. We send our heartfelt sym-
smart buyer. pathy to her bereaved family and fel-
To get a herd of small and persistent low associates. We, mutually pledging
milkers, the cows that pay best in the ourselves that the work she so wisely
end and that you learn to love and planned and for which she so faithful-
give the best of care to, are the cows ly labored, shall always have our lov-
uorn on the farm. We all have a kind- ing care.
ly pride in our ancestors, and that same Resolved, That a copy of this minute
eieling leads us to love a pedigree, not shall be entered on the records of the
only in the useful animals on the farm, society, sent to Mr. Dommerich, the ot-
out even in the dog that stretches his ficers of the society and published in
lazy form in the sunshine on the porch. the Florida press.
Put a well-bred heifer in a bunch Mrs. I. Vonderpool.
of scrubs and walk through the little Local Secty. of Maitland.
uerd with a nubbin in your hand and
which one will you give it to, especial- The Cultivation of Zniam Cucumbers.
ly if she looks at you with the dark,
liquid eyes of a young Jersey. The Zniam is a thriving Austrian' town
chances are that such a heifer will about one hour's ride by rail north of
prove the best one in the lot, especial- Vienna. The place is known all over
iy with the better treatment she is sure Austria and Germany through the enor-
Lo get. nious quantity of cucumber pickles
The scrub dairyman uses the scrub which it exports. Several thousand
bull, and all his ways are scrub ways. citizens find in the culture of the o-
When you see him with a half-bred called "Znaimm' cucumber one of their
oull or even a hash of some particular principal occupations. In a single sea.
reed in the bull, you may confidently
look for siome improvement aliead. The
trouble is that tile average farmer is
so mixed up in his ideas about the 9RLE I f
reeds and methods of breeding thatORY U ,
in many cases he introduces to his
uerd the worst blood he could possibly W ri S i
select. For instance, a milk or butter- i --- W w
making herd would be damaged almost the
Itomhh wne u HE E NCtEo MAhh RlaNd,
oeyoiid repair by putting at its head Or m5 the labr ont
the finest bred Shorthorn bull, because Vexation l the onlro erop
ine would have strong prepotent powers *. ed will rate. upon t.
toward diverting the assimilating pow- Al wd waiutSd tob arm e and i eHSie
amimiegue. Our tade with
ers of the calves from lnilk-making to markt gerd Is iifiue; anbMd market
fat-forming. WritetoornewVc Mand Flom
This if persisted in would be a fatal catlogue-free to everybody.
mistake, far worse than the use of J. J. ead-EOOYV a SON,
the poorest scrub bull to be found, be M rberead Macss*
cause the e bull's influence would be ants w ate
negatived by the better blood of the
cows, even though they were of scrub THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
origin. I is made of steel
By all means let the young man who -to and nickle-plated.
desires to become a dairyman make a & It's strong and
deep study of the bull. He is, in fact, d i durable. You can
from a breeding point of view, one-half build any kind of farm fence with It
of the herd, because each calf he gets to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
carries one-half his blood, though of C A rods a day, at less than half the
course not always one-half the bull's cost of ay ready-made fence. Cata-
.nfluence. for the young often follow logue free. Prce $4.75, charges pre-
the dam or bad mixture o f both par- aid. Superior Fence Machine Co.,
ents. 14 (Grand River Ave., Detroit, Mich.
There is no need of arguing about Good agents wanted.
the exceptional experiences of anyone
,n breeding. Queer things will happen,
and the best we can do is to stick to FITS FOR $1 I will send you a
lie rule. The bull should be the key- prescription or formula.
.tone of your dairy arch. A good one Your druggist can compound it. I he
will get good calves out of poor cows, medicine will cure epileptic fits and
and do wonders with good cows to
work on. First, settle in your own nervous diseases. I will also send diet
mind what breed you will handle, then list. C. D. KNAPP, AvonPark, Fla.
get a thoroughbred bull of that breed
from the best of ancestors and then
take care of him. Select the best cows AGENTS WANTED.
you can get. and reserve the bull for We would like to s re an
them. Keep him in a small lot by him- We would like to secure an
,elf and keep him only in good work- agent in every town and ham-
.ng condition.-Home & Farm.
. let in Florida. Write at once.
Audubon Society Resolution. E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
At a special meeting of the executive Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
committee of the Florida Audubon So- Jacksonville, Fla
city, called by the president, on De- Jacksonville, Fla.
cember the twelfth, it was ordered
that the following minutes be placed on 1
the records of the society:
We have heard with profound sorrow Y mstsi in s iith
of the death of our loved and honored t KRUSs U 5UID EltIamCT OF M 2a.
associate, Mrs. L. F. Dommerich. This Mae oen hiekoawood. obeeper loee
society owes Its existence to her loving I iL nLe a I .% ia
U. ts BAU5SYIPLII~h
6 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
son cucumbers to the value of $480,000
have been sold from the place. F O O [
This culture is an illustration, of
which there are many in these old
European countries, of the gradual de- F L
'elopment of certain special crops and
the building up of small paying indus-
tries, such as it is the aim of the Sec- p
t.on of Seed and Plant Introduction eru .
to foster. The writer was unable to
,isit Znaini, but tile following facts. S
taken from ia small brochure by 1r. Oure ure.
I. i.awodny, may bI relied on:-
The Znaim cucumber is a variety of
Cucumis sativus and belongs to the
field-cucumber class. The seeds of this
variety were brought to Znaim by a
certain Andreas Lutz. servant of one
of the Moravian princes. They are re-
ported to have been introduced over
one hundred years ago, and to have
come from the south tor Orient). The
seeds were distributed throughout the
county of Znaim, and from that early
date the culture of this cucumber has
been a lucrative one.
The statistics show that, while in
1WT8 only 910 acres were devoted to
cucumbers in the neighborhood of
Zniam, in 18M5 there were fully 2,000
acres of the vegetable. The yield in
1885 was more than 150,000,000 cucum-
bers, while in 185 it reached the maxl-
mum production of over 336,000,000. In
the last ten years the acreage has more
than doubled. The average annual
yield per acre has been about 165,000
The cucumber, as is well known,
does best in a deep, loose soil. The
plants are cultivated in sunny loca-
tions in rich, well-worked soil which
has been abundantly manured. The
ground chosen for the cucumber beds
is plowed in the autumn, and the fol- /
lowing spring worked over with a
spade or plowed again. Later in the
spring well-rotted manure, compost,
and especially horn shavings, are work-
ed into the soil, and before planting '
the ground is harrowed. Early in May
circular holes, 15 to 24 Inches in diam.
eter and 9 to 15 inches deep, are dug IR. HARRY N. ST*EVENS, I
i to i feet apart each way. A part of Mr.HarryM.Stevenms,.idlandBeach,
e soil removed is mixed with stable L. i., New York, proprietor of "The th
manure, and the holes are two-thirds Richmond" Hotel says of Peruna: on
filled with this mixture. The remain- It gives me pleasure to testl o
ing soil is then shoveled in and round-ves me e to testify y
ed up in the form of a low mound. I to the value of Peruna, I have fe
I'ifteen to thirty cucumber seeds are ued t for years and have found ta
planted around the border of this
mound, covered with sifted soil, which ir to be a most excellent family on
is packed down about them. These remedy. For colds, eatarrh and st
mounds are at first covered at night H
with Inverted pots. Four to six quarts similar ills, it Is unsurpassed. be
of seed are required to plant an acre. Mrs. C. E. Long, box 214, Atwood, lit
As a considerable percentage of cu- Colorado, in a recentletter to Dr. Hart- he
cumber seed is often poor, it is test- man, says the following:
ed before sowing by floating it in wa-
ter, those which do not sink being dis-
carded. Many growers germinate the Costs and profits of cucumber cul- a
seeds before planting them. When ture.l from estimates by Josef Roth, of
there are cool nights and dry, hot days the Agricultural School of Znaim. Cost (;-
uuring the planting season, many It culture per hectare nearly 2 1-2 (',
seedlings die and must be replaced by 'les):
fresh ones. Pot-grown seedlings are Interest at 4 per cent. on $500 Ne
very seldom used in Znaim, but young value of hectare of good cucum-
plants dug from hills in which too her land) .......... ......$20.00 cos
many seeds have germinated are trans- Plowing and harrowing twice.. 5.75 tllh
planted to fill the gaps. In Znaim, on- Manure (15 wagon loads) and la
ions or cabbages are grown between hauling to the field.......... 28.!0) 4ei
the mounds as a secondary crop. i;gging holes and planting seeds a
As sooi as the young plants have (; days at 34 cents per day).. 10.20 co
made their third leaf, they are careful- An
ly killed up to the seed leaves. The Seed, 12 quarts at 9W cents per pr
hills are cultivated from one to three quart...... ............. 11.52 w
times. The fruits begin to form in the Cultivation, weeding, etc., 100 by
first half of July. However, fruiting days at 34 cents per day...... 34.00 it
is sometimes delayed in unfavorable Picking, 150 days at 34 cents per ad:
years until the last of July. ,Should day.. .................. 51.00 in
the plants show a tendency to form too Cleaning and sorting, 30 days at kel
many runners, the weaker are pruned 34 cents a day.......... .. 10.20 '
and the remaining ones soon spread out Transport of cucumbers.to mar- is
advantageously over the ground. ket, 20 half days at 72 cents are
The picking season lasts from July per day.. ........ .. .. 14.40 sal
to the end of September. Tuesday Miscellaneous expenses.. .... 7.25 tie
and Fridays are generally the picking Insurance against hail, $385 per als
days. On these days the market of hectare at 4 1-2 per cent. and as
Ynaim is flooded with cucumbers. They extras ................. 19.30 ind
are graded according to size by the ho
farmers into "large salad," "medium," Total costs............ ..$212.52 inf
and "small," and are packed in baskets cu
or sacks, or may even be offered by Ieetxrs from one hectare of cucum- Cex
the wagon load. bers-- fo
The costs of culture and the pronts Large cucumbers, 4,200 at $4 per tro
from a cucumber feld vary according I( ....................$168.00 vis
to soil, location and methods of hand- Medium-sized cucumbers, 90,- Lu
ling; hence only an approximate esti- 000 at $1.20 per 1,000 ...... 108.00 Af
mate can be given; Small-sized cucumbers, 180,000 lla.
IDLAND BEACH, L. I. rna Is the only absolute
'We can never thank you enough for guard known. A cold is the A
e change you have made In our little g of c .
e's health. Before she began taking Ia f at T pr
ur Peruna and rock candy she suf- colds, to cure colds, Is to cheat t
red everything in the way of coughs, tarrh out of Its victims. ftr
ids and croup, but now she has been o
king your medicine a month, not quite not only cures catarrh, bUt pi
e bottle full, and she is as well and vents it. Every household she
ong as she has ever been in her life. be supplied with this grewt r
as not had the croup once since she
gan taking it, and when she has a edv for coughs, colds, etc.
tie cold a few doses of Peruna fixes Address The Perun Medicine C
routallright." Columinus, Ohio, for a free book
Mrs Nellie Courter, 14 Center avenue, I catarrh.
t $;6.43 per 10.000 ......*.. 115.74 The cucumbers are prepared f6r cx
: port in various ways-they are salted
oss returns .......... ..$391.74 (Salz gurken), spiced (Gewurz gurken).
st of production......... 212.52 preserved inl sugar (Zucker gurken) or
flavored with mustard (Sent gurken).
t profit on one hectare. .....$179.22 The salted cucumbers and those with
according to these figures the total species form the bulk of the export, be-
;t per acre would be about $85.30 and ing shipped in casks oT different sies,
* profits $72.74. However, as farm or in five-quart glass jars packed in
borers are paid in Znaim only 34 cases. Although formerly Austro-Emn-
its per day. these figures give only gary and the Balkan States Imported
very general idea of the probable most of their cucumbers from Ge'-
t and profits of a similar culture in many. Belgium, Italy, and France,
lerica. In general, this ratio would since tile development of the Znalm
.bably hold good. The amount of culture and the introduction of modern
irk in this nclture which can be done packing methods, this small county not
children is very considerable, and only fills the home demand for cucum-
is in llmany respects unusually well hers. but exports in large quantities
apted to a thickly populated region to all parts of the world.
tile neighborhood of a large mar- A variety of cucumber which has
t. gained such an enviable reputation as
'he marketing of Znaim cucumbers the Znaim, should be worthy of trial
regulated by special rules, and fines by the pickle-cucumber growers of Am-
Simposed, not only to prevent the erica, and the small quantity of seed
e of cucumbers from other locall- imported ought to be given a thorough
s under the name of "Znaim," but test in comparison with our own varie-
o to control such petty speculations ties.-David 4. Fairchild, Agricultural
the varying prices of the crop would Explorer.
luce. It is difficult to determine in; *
w far the soil and cultural conditions Plant Ses Island Cotton.
luence the quality of this Znaim cu- When Orange county was young, be-
iber. Its uniformly high grade and fore the orange growers became num-
Lellent flavor are sufficient reasons erous and prosperous long staple cotton
r its being sold in all parts of Aus- was produced here. The yield was
-Hungary, Germany, Roumania, Ser- from 800 to 1,200 pounds of seed eitton
i, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, France, per acre, and the aggregate acreage
xemburg, Belgium, England, Russia, was a large area. The growers madti
rica, and even America and Austra- money out of their crops and Would
have continued to plant cotton h
* 1 1
Norwalk, Conn., writes: "Peruna has
done wonders for my boy. I cannot
praise it enough. I think i iis t e
best medicine on earth ; let me tell
you why I think so: My son has
been aflicted with catarrh since he
was a baby five months old, so thai
for year I had to watch him all night
long, and keep his month open so he
could breathe, as he could not breath,
through his nose. He has always bee,
"Since he commenced taking the Pe
runs I can go to bed and sleepall night
He can breathe through his nose any
way he lies, and all that hawking and
spitting is gone. My boy is as well
today as when he left off taking it,
and he only took one bottle."
T. T. Lienallen, a prominent young
lawyer of Washington, D. C., and broth-
er of W. 0. Lien-
allen, in the U. S.
has taken Peruna
for catarrh and I
speaks of its ef-
ficacy in the fol-
says: "I am
happy to write
you that I am
cured of what I T. T. Lienallen.
thought, as well
as my doctors, an everlasting case of
catarrh,and take pleasure in sayingth at
Peruna has done it all."
Any one who wishes perfect
beFlth must be entirely free fom
catarrh. Ca trrh Is well-nigh ui
versml almns nnmnnr~auu 01
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. *
the orange business not proved so prof- result of this fact has been to increase tirely substantiated by actual compara-
table; everybody invested his all In or- the cost of production. This furnishes Itive tests made in feeding trials by
range groves and abandoned farming, the South her opportunity. Cost o: our state experiment station, in which
$ea Island cotton is now worth from production inevitably determines place cassava-fed beef was not only shown
31 to 25 cents. Let our farmers think of production. Florida can produce to rank in quality as fully equal to best
river this question and investigate it. beef cheaper than is possible in any corn-fed meat. but was produced in
We believe it will pay to grow cotton other state, and, therefore, must in one-half the actual feeding time re-
here and that is why we advise farm. time become the center of a great in- quired in Nebraska, and with an ac- a n
era to plant Sea Island cotton.-Ex- dustry. the development of which has tual average daily gain double that
range. already begun. secured in the latter state, while the
* Let us briefly examine the reasons profits secured were nearly 25 per cent.
A Lok Ahead for this statement. Economy in meat greater than comparable results secur-
i a making is determined by two factors. ed from the feeding of corn in Texas.
A century ago. and the wildest vis- First. the cost of feed, and, second, the The importance and inevitable bear- The most beautifulthing in
lonary had scarcely dreamed of the pro- rapidity with which the animal is fat- ing of these facts is shown by the fact The most beautiful thing in
tduction of beef for commercial purpo- tened or finished. The former factor that they have attracted interested at- h world is the baby, all
ses on the prairies, the herds of which is largely dependent on the cheapness tention and inquiry from cattlemen and te world e a
supply the demand and -ontrol the of the land on which the feed is pro- investors in all parts of the country. dimples and iy The most
markets of the world. duced. and the latter is materially in- All the market and beef trade journals joy.
The century now dawning will wit- fluenced. if not controlled, by climatic are now devoting space to the consider- pitiful thing is that same baby,
ness a development equally marked, conditions, which determine the pro- nation of these conditions. Already sev.
and the change to be wrought in the portion of food consumed, which is cral large stockmen of the West have thin and in pain. And the
character of Southern industry will be utilized il the maintenance of animal secured locations and begun the trans-
no less astonishing than that which heat and, therefore, wasted, so far as fer of tleir business here and the de- mother does not know that a
transformed the ranges of the buffalo the production of increased weight is development of the resources which ar
Into cattle pastures and cornfields, and concerned. destined to make Florida better known little fat makes all the differ-
the sites of Indian villages into the Both of these conditions are met in 11nd more powerful through her beet
centers of the.commercial food supply Florida to a degree which places her in ald associated general agriculture than enCC.
of the world. the very front rank and beyond the ever was for her groves or gardens. Di les and h e gn
Among the transformations in char- fear of serious competition. Millions -H. E. Stockbridge in Times-Union & imps anave gone,
)acter and locality of human effort now of acres of unutilized free or cheap Citizen. and left hollows and fear, the
foreseen. none will be more far-reach- range exist, and these lands, when *
Ing In results than the inevitable de- brought into cultivation, produce the Plants Are Not Things. .fat, that was comfort and
development of beef production, as a cheapest fattening materials known to Hitherto all our inquiries have been
staple industry of the Gulf States. Of the world. directed to cultural methods and soil color and curve-all but pity
this industry. Florida. with material The recoglizd importance of grass frtilities. disease of plants were e d love--is gone.
advantages over the other states in- as the basis of all successful stocks of p s w e and love-is gone.
eluded. must certainly become the cen. growing demands that the grass, or tirely ignored. and so when a crop
ter and chief beneficiary. forage, resources of Florida he noticed failed. we assigned the cause to clima. The little one gets no fat
To those who have carefully watch- in this connection. tic conditions or lack of soil foods or from her food. There is some-
ed the more recent aspects of the beef- It has been the habit of Northern cat- tillage. Physical culture of
producing industry these opinions are tlemen to meet suggestions of the nothing wrong; itis either her food
well within the limits of reasonable ex- adaptation of this state to economical plants in the future will receive the thing wrong is ether her food
pectations. To those who have not ob- stock growing with the inquiry. "How same consideration that it has so long or food-nill. She has had no
served the trend of events. or who about grass?" for "all flesh is grass." held in the human family and animal .
have not familiarized themselves, with Our native woods ranges are clothed kingdom. The theory so long and firm- fat for weeks; is living on what
the facts involved a few of the rea- with grasses as well adapted to range ly held that a plant was a "thing," and .
sons upon which these assertions are purposes as are those of the present unchangeable and' stable. especially she had stored in that plump
aed may e of interest. ranges of the far West. Range condi- e ropaated by buds has been little body of hers; and that is
Market of Today.-It is a well known tions are. however, inevitably doomed, fully exploded. and we i hay now turn body
fat that the beef market of today i simply because land can be made pro- our attention to its yil develop- rone. She is starving for fat;
controlled by products grown west of ductive. and therefore, more profitable, lioalt and iilprovellient along tile paral-
Chicago. and that this market is, there- under different conditions. Pastureb ,I lines of work done in the animal in- it is death, be quick !
ifore. no longer the geographical center and fields. therefore. must eventually d(istries
of the business. Transportation of raw ppnt ranges and when that time t all or frs i d Snlic ehi cott s Emulsion of Cod
I determining cost ofe roduchion.f i arrives ill Florida we are in a position tions we shall have with each fruit Liver Oil is the fat she can
in determining cost of production. on to maintain supremacy. We-possess at which boIre it. and this will receive the
which the success of every commercial lenat three true glrasse. perfectly adapt- the history :id training of the tree take; it will save her.
enterprise so largely depends, has been ed to our soil lId climate, easily propa- chief consideration ill making the The genuine has thispictureon
Made to include an ever-widening ra- ," the genuine has this picture on
made to include an ever-widening ra- gated. nutritious and suspectible to aw:,r,l. Hitherto tile collector of nit. tke no other. d it, send
ditil westward from Chicago. till the -lo on or feeding without in l itheto tie collector of Iou have not tried it, nd
rdeni westwar fom Chicago. ti the l pi or feeding wtout in- fruit< lhai searched the branches for for free sample. its agreeable
burden became too heavy. The mar- jury. These are the Para. Bermuda ,,.-f,,et .a,,',,iles m,nctimes finding taste will surprise you.
ket and place of manufacture and re- d heart grasses already extensively o, t onel tree :a sin le limb that always SCOTT & BOWNE.
Auction in mass and weight has been grown I.v us. and capable of furnish- Chem1 glood. irfect fruit aml worthless 4-09 PeaCre tst., N.
forced westward till Omaha. Kansas ing sliperior permanent pastures. Ih brt.ff on all terfe otl r brand wches and ot4- and 1.0N
City, Sioux City and South St. Paul. addition to the grass problem we are te f orl' al there otder branith aneri o- all drug 1.ts
have largely supplanted Chicago as obliged to eet the demand for fat- ten fruit ome rin tre slecdimed wild e ru stse-
markets for beef animals, and now tening material and the requirements frited and csrr off the honors s-
consume the greater part of the range- for finished products. Nleted and athry off cthe honors. W .E
fed meat of the country. The South and Corn.-Here corn has None las thought of cutting ston- W E FRENCH
SThis is ample demonstration of the been kin and has f ed t from the tree that with
fact that the center of production has world's standard as it has controlled stoa,' the bldsts of winter and success- VEERI NARAN,
bee forced westward, step b step, it markets. e South. as a whole, fiv resistd the llirhts ands rodue- Will Treat all Diseases or uomestleat-
across the Mississippi. across the Mis- has succssfully disputed the monopolN 1t annual tere is no nest fruits, It
sour, to the very slopes of the Rocky of corn. and now. with a crop peculiar- in l ericl t id the slightest acted Animals.
mountains, and can go no further. ly her own. Florida dares compete for entin this n to within th last URGERY AND DENTISTRY
,Bluegrass. buffalo grass and bunch ttin to this to within th last SURGERY A DENTISRY
grass have successively supplied the supremac' few venrs. but ninark my words, the ex- A Specialty.
range pastures demanded till left be- ('assava is tlhe product which is to act reverse will lie true in the future.
hind by the westward migrating herds, enable us to successfully accomplish This division of the Department of DAYTONA. FLORIDA.
and now the mesquite and sage bush this revolution. Cassava. from the Agriculure lhas sounded the keynote.
hem in the roaming steers and demon- standlpint of yield and consequent and several experiment stations have
state that the limit has been reached. cheapness of production, is the richest made scientific experiments along these "Everything for Florida." Fruits,
What next and where next are the and cheapest fattening material known lines with astonishing results. The pro- Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
questions now confronting the Western to the world, when properly utilized pagation of all plants from indiscriml- and Lawn. Palms,
stockmen and demanding definite an- with our cheap protein foods. Of sem. nate "mothers" is doomed, and the nur- ,,, Bamboos, Conifers,
swer in the immediate future. tropical origin, its growth is restricted serymen who continues to take scions Ferns, Economic and
The gradual disappearance of the to the pine lands of the Gulf states, and buds indiscriminately from nursery -bearing trees,
free ranges and wild grasses of the and Florida is pre-eminently its home rows year after year will be classed quat, and all
West has year by year wrdught a on the North American continent, as a back number and find no sale for Sorts of Decorative
Transformation in the character of the Its cost of production need hardly his productions. Stock, for Northern
business. Fenced proprietorship has exceed that of corn. yet area for alea The nurserymen are not to blame House Culture as
nearly supplanted the free pasturage the return in actual food Is six times for doing this. although they have long well as the South.
of a decade ago. With this change an- greater from the crop of cassava than known it was not right. "They have Rare Tropical Plants, East and Wet
other equally important and far-reach- from the same land il corn. Can corn heen forced to doit." To select certain Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
Ing bas followed. The prairie sod of can any raw material, finally compete trees and branches while in fruit and for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
Illinois, Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska with a substitute six times cheaper? keep a definite record of each involves We make special efforts to keep down
has been turned, grass has disappeared Will cotton le worn when something a great deal of expense, and unless a insect pests, and will not send out
aU their cheapest contribution to the equally good can be procured at one. man is working purely as a philanthro- "white flies" or other serious pests, or
live-stock food supply, and corn has sixth the expense? Will bread be eat- pist lie must wait till the public is bet- diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bro.,
taken its place. The beef of the mar- en wh"en something liked equally well ter educated and knows what real val- Oneco, Fla.
ket today, therefore, is no longer chief- and equally nutritious can be obtained ,e is.
ly range fed, but is grass-grown and at one-sixth the cost? Hitherto the man who offered a tree
corn-fattened. A finished product, the l'nless these questions are answered for tile least money got the order. Nur- "I see they are talking of making a
,raw material of which comes from the against reason in the affirmative, cas- sery scion trees are wood-makers and law to lihang kidnappers."
ranges of the plains, to be finished in sava fed beef is to occupy a recognized always look smoother than trees "Yes. but I know of a better way to
the corn fields of the prairies, is now place in the beef markets of the near grown from bearing trees. and so were dispose of them."
the controlling element in our beef sup- future and Florida is to control this more acceptable. It will not be so in "HIow's that?"
ply. new factor in the world's food supply. the future.-R. M. Kellog. In Western "Let's turn them over to our colleges
Cost of Production.--The inevitable ('omlpmrative Tests.-The facts are en- Fruit-Grower. for hazing purposes."
70 THE FLORIDA AGRICUL TOURIST.
PBBTTIIIEB DEPARTMENTT. cept time, by letting it remain on the applied today. We have no caustic or YOU T
All communications or enquiries for this de- surface to be gradually worked in by m edium so cheap as the 'calcium car- U
P I GRI TURIST the rains. both materials being chem- bonates of lime" and being situated on-
Fertller Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. ials there is o loss from evaporation. stone deposits of Alabama, this article
SThe rain dissolves the plant food and [ of commerce should be delivered the Kidney Trouble mRal Y -ou M-I
carries it down to the rootlets. If your Louisiana sugar planters at the low-1
Answers to Correspondents. trees show any signs of die-back in the est medium of cost, if the railroads Almost everybody who rea nws
Editor Fertilizer Department: sumer w would advise a secondwill only awaken to the necessity and papers is ure to know of the wld ul
I have just set a five acre grove on w aise a second th manifold benefits derived from the cures made by
newly cleared "flat woods," well drain- applic-tion. The suggestions given In liming of soils.- I. S. Crozier, in Sugar Kilmer's Swmp- loe
ed, near Punta Gorda. Fla. Soil gives reply to G. B., above, will also apply Planters' Journal. the great kidney, INr
decided reaction on blue litmus paper, il your case. and bladder remedy.
Have limed soil around trees but not An Experience With Swamp Xuck. It is the great medl-
broadcast. Expect to mulch around C..., cal triumph of the nine-
o uldE ud m rreat Value of Lime in Soils. About twenty-five years ago our tnthu y
trees. Would you advise growing beg. covered after yam of
garweed or velvet beans between rows? Harmn von Liebig, the greatest agri- home was located very near an adjoin-
If so. please advise best method to get '"ltu:l chlenlist of his period, soon dis- g swamy region. Some agr cul ral scientific research by
good stand. when to plant and fertilize. covered that the won, and jaded soils papers were advocating and extolling Dr. Kihmer, the emi
Win. M. W. of Europe and of his native land need- the great use of peat and through them nent kidney and blan
in .W f e rd restoration" and "toning up" and we were induced to get a quantity of der speciast, and IS
A stand of velvet beans is much eas- lie made careful experiments with it taken out. I believe it was early in wonderfully uccssul In promptly curing
ier to get on new lands than beggar- ,luick lime to the different characters November that we commenced work lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid tro
weeds. Plant the beans any time af- of the soils. both heavy and light, and lr digging and wheeling with wheel- blesandB ght Disaewhich thew
weds. an .......- fou i. h... .harrows the material onto higher form of kidney trouble.
ter the first of April in rows three feet lie found that lime. while not a ferti- ro, h a eDr. Kilmer' S mtlll-Root eis r Ior
lizerg br r gound. which was near by; a certain Dr. Kilmer's Swaap-Ret
apart, one bean every foot. One dil- lzer. brought ot in the soil whatever was ommenddforeryt but
fertilizing elements it contained, wheth. .ln.antity of ir-slaked lime was used Ommendedfore truiftLL
culty, however, with velvet beans will r,,. turl or artificial. Hea ao fund spread over the whole surface of ney, liver orbdd trouble. t w lhe1Sm
of the pile wvhenever eight or ten Inches justtheremedyyouneed tlsbm.lg
be to keep them off of the young trees, that its application to lands where the of the ilk hd blnever dei d to Ihe I myways, in hospital wq1kta
After they commence to run, it will reImins of plants had undergone de. f t c had b a d t practice, among the helpless too pearp
require a man to make a trip to every *a. as do clover sods and other green following winer. during the moths ch relief and has proved s sioa. I
re.u r a, maunures. (we turn under in this state of .annary and Fbruary. the entire every case that a special ramm oat ha
tree In your grove, at least once a week he, cowpe vine), and that in soils de- lot was taken away and deposited on been made bywhich all readerofthia
during the growing season, to keep the liient in the
vines from covering the trees. You can n in'esi. id or sour hunus is liable a :, moderate d dressing of stable manure sample bottle sent free by mail, ai a bk
follow the velvet beans with beggar- to e produced and we to overcome tile previous fall. It was spread about telling more about Swamp-Roo d w
w e velvet eans wi b ar this (condition go through the slow and I three or four inches thick, thoroughly findout ifyou havekidney or blafeMt lie
weeds another year. Your land will e nsie'etods of putting our pea I mixed with the soil the next spring, When writingmentionreading**
probably require no fertilizer for grow. vile lands In corn and must wait until at which time it readily pulverized al- offer in thispaperand
"rank vegetationmost as fine as the sand Itself. Upon send your address to
ing the velvet beans unless it is new this "rank vegetation" has been ex- s fine as the sand itself. Upon send your add t
and sour, requiring lime to remove Il ted or the decompositionof this or- ln trwerres ere ante
eani mra reqrmgC tter has become complete.mv I ,-which received good care and made hamton, N. Y. rThe
the acidity from the soil. This can be lill matter, has become complete mon nifneent plants, in consequence of regular fifty cent and s
applied broadcast at once and will the "microso organisms of the. which we looked for a heavy crop-the dor s old b lgoodL
leave the soil in good shape at the time soils." and referring especially to the following season. The results were
of planting in April. decomposition of organic matter, says: "'ore thn satisfactory and I have notCOMMON SE
SIlnl this process tle production of car- a is yet seen an equal crop of strawber- ThE "COMMON SENS'-".'
Editor Fertilizer DIepartment: onic acid gress much accelerated in ries grown on sandy land, no matter ORANGE SIZER AND 0 .
I how well enriched with stable manure
Some of my budded orange trees on the use of lime. and this carbonic acid l w en c th ste ure
their last growth developed some die- assists the plant food of the soil so as "onl. We have at no time use peat m MM
back, otherwise they have made a to make it more quickly available for without the use of lime, nor have we
splendid growth this last season and the plants, with the result that it helps used it raw. but would not hesitate to Over 1,400 in use in Florien COW
look first rate. For the last three or the plant to draw more potash, phos- (o so provided that it had been ex- fornia, Jamaica, and In the large ea
four years I have fertilized entirely phortc acid. etc.. from the soils than posed to at least one winter's frost be- mission houses of New York, Bate
with cow and some hen manure. I would otherwise be possible. The until. for incorporating it into the soil. The Philadelphia, and other points.
presume they need a change of fertili- izttion of atmospheric nitrogen by cer- efd in liberal quantities is no doubt Orange sizer, ComblIe
zer. What would you recommend, and tain leguminous plants, notably the beneficial. as it tends to. change the without hop- gra fri
what amount per tree? Most trees are clover and cowpea vines, particularly texture of such soil. making it more per only $6. orange
large enough to bear this year. Also upon ourt soil. Is facilitated by the ap- compact and retentive of moisture. It With hopper. 4 wltbiWt hat
would you advise discontinuing cow ma. plication of lime." is nlikc stable manure in that it is $.50. per
nure, or can I compound the commer- We are told that the velvet bean or very much niore lasting. As to its ac- same w It
cial with it with satisfactory results? cowlpea vines contain sufficient am- tual value as compared with average hopper $1Ia..
Mount Dora, Fla. G. B. Ilonia to produce 50 tons of cane to the tual ue I am not prepared with average but
Your trees are evidently suffering acre. without taking from the soil any aon su sao t prepared to say; but
but thle ammonia produced by this tillo 1s saoB aaouelajadxa .mesno, SRUOR
from an over supply of ammonia, green manure: through te application great deal more than t costs to get
which the cow and hen manure give. of quick lime. all of this ammonia can it out. u'ness it has to be hauled a
We recommend discontinuing all fer. le niade an available plant food at in reg to its use may be owing
tilizer containing ammonia and apply O e. t the kind of soil that it is used upon,
ta We are told that sugar cane is a spe. nl also to the fact that peat is so
potash and phosphoric acid in the form ciis of grass gnti hi to be true and also to the fpct that peat is so
of low grade potash and dissolved bone. is it not a fact that grasses of the high- varial'e in substance. In -Holland,
black, half and half, or the same for- est churnciter are grown only on lime. where it is largely used as fuel, itsbe
mula that we have re-omlended sev- stoi lands? Kentucky with its won value consists in its weight, the light- Brights and Russets can be sodg
mula ts hat we hve re ommended sev 'rfl st rtclhes of blue grass abounds est. of a flaky or rather spongy nature, and graded at the same time. COplla
ral times for trees that are suffering in the most generous deposits of lime- eing the poorest. The kind known as of $8.50 machine. 500 boxes per
with die-back. Apply from five to ten stone. In Europe we have the "Em- liard turf is the kind ith which we Capacity of $6.00 machine, 200 boeg.
pounds according to the size. Con- erald Isle" where the grass is ever- vade our experiments, and is the only Send for Circular.
tinue this fertilizing until the trees green and on the west coast of Ireland Jfor n ur T. CAIRNS, DeLTndf
there is a stretch of ad where the no- purposes.-John Von Loon, In Rural
show that they have used up their sur- of Engld New Yorker.
lility of Englind send their thorough.
plus of ammonia and are turning a bred colts to graze to build up bone C Well Digging Outft
light green. Then fertilize with a and muscle, and this stretch is under- Test of Soils. Well D
well balanced commercial ferti:lzer con. laid by a strata of lime rock containing To the initiated there are no tests so For Sale.
training not less than 12 to 13 per cent. the highest character of carbonates of good to determine the qualities of the
ing not less tha 12 to 13per cent. lime. soil as the wild growth. The objections We have a steam well-digging otlt
potash. If you wish to produce fine The cane growing islands abound in to chemical analysis as a method of with tools complete for boring wea
fruit, we would advise you to discon- large deposits of lime-stone. Cuba. the learning the nature and qualities of the from four to twelve inches diamltn ,
tinue the use of cow and hen manure. "Pearl of the Antilles" produces lime. soil is that it Is too special and expen- which we can sell at less thnha
stone on almost every sugar estate, to sive. A portion of soil may be taken
Editor Fertilizer Department: such ian extent that from these depos- from one part of a field which will dif- the original cost. Any one interested
I have been much interested in your its
fertilizer department in the Agricultur- ,'liri;itiation purposes during the grind- another part. The blowing down of tim- please correspond with us.
ist. I have some orange buds about ill period. This same condition of her by storms, the accumulation of veg- E. O. PAINTER & O.,
two years old on hammock land that lime1 deio.sits exists il Demerara. and table matter in low places, the situa-
have a light attack of die-back, occa- where tliere is a deficiency of lime it tion and exposure of the land, all exert cJadklvlll, F.
sioned, I suppose, by too much nitro- is supplied by the application of "quick a modifying influence upon the charac--
gen, as I fertilized them with stable liie:" thus we see that lime is almost ter of the soil. Were two chemists re- Bud d a d
manure last summer. Did I under- indispensable to the growth and perfect quired to make an analysis of the soil Budded and Grafte4
stand you to say that a dieback fertl- maturity of sugar cane. and. In our of a particular field, and one should by
lizer can be spread on the ground lands where there is such a deficiency, chance, get his specimens from the sub- Mulgoba MangoeS.
around the trees without having to it seems that but a short time will soil exposed to the surface by a blown-
harrow it in? Will it be well to give elapse before the Louisiana sugar down tree, and the other should get imported from India; absolutely ftua
a second application of the same ferti. planter will awaken to the necessity of his from the spot where the body of from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 ech,
lizer in the summer? A. 1. its use with his accustomed energy and the tree decayed, they would make Largest assortment of Crotoas a th
Riverview, Fla. appreciation of the proper requirements quite diffreent reports as to constituent United States.
If you wish your fertilizer to get to of his soils. I thoroughly believe that elements of the soil. And yet both Also Citrus stock. Addr
.If youwisyo, it fti lie ranked r tr in a short time lime will be as gener- would be strictly accurate as regards Alo stock. re
work quickly, t could be raked or ar- ally used on Louisiana sugar cane the elements of the soils which are an- JOHN B. BEAC &
rowed in. There is nothing lost, ex- lands as ammonlates are universally alyzed.-Southern Farm Magazine. West Palm amgkSl
' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. "1
DEPARTMENT OF OBNAXENTAL
BY W. C. STEELE,
Elsewhere will be found an article
sent' s by a new contributor. If our
editorial on "Bricks without Straw'
brings no other help we should still
think it time well spent. But we sin-
cerely hope that others may be awak-
ened to a sense of duty neglected and
send in an account of their experience.
In speaking of gleaning for "Stub-
ble," we did not refer to any contri-
butions received, but to the clippings
we gather wherever we can find them.
Those who think of sending away
for Roses should do so as soon as pos-
sible. Northern grown Roses do bet-
ter when planted out in the fall, No-
vember is probably the best month.
But if that has not been done, there
is still time to repair the damage caus-
ed by neglect.
There is no doubt that the Southern
grown Roses offered by some of our
advertisers are very much better
adapted to Florida soil and climate
than the house-grown Roses offered by
Yet as they are well rooted, though
small plants, and offered for one-half,
often for one-third the price of South-
ern grown plants, the temptation is
very great to try to get as much as
possible for the money invested.
If, however, you lose one-half the
plants you are no better off. Hence
the necessity of getting them well es-
tablished before hot, dry weather
We clip the following account of this
plant from Vick's Magazine. It is an
old species not very common at the
North, but very desirable. We see no
reason why it should not thrive in
Florida and if so it would be well
"When we occasionally meet with
this desirable perennial, we wonder
why It is not more generally cultivat-
ed. Its clusters of bright pink flowers
are very attractive in appearance, and
the spicy fragrance of the blossoms is
delightful, somehow reminding one or
the fabled odors of 'Araby the blest.'
"It is a low growing evergreen shrub.
not usually attaining a height of more
than a foot. and is perfectly hardy in
this locality. The severe weather of
last winter and the long-prolonged
drouth of the past summer did not. ap-
parently, affect the plants in the least.
The first flowers appear early in the
spring and last for several weeks, and
there is a second season of flowering
in September. which makes the plants
doubly valuable for the hardy border.
Although hardy, a slight protection of
leaves around the plants will be a bene-
fit, as it is to all perennial plants."
More Tin Cans.
The use of tin cans instead of flower
pots is condemned by all writers who
consider themselves experts in floricul-
ture. The reasons given are usually,
that the roots need the air that passes
through the porous sides of an unglanz
ed flower pot. also that the plants are
liable to suffer from overwatering un-
less some of it evaporates through the
sides of the pot. The fact remains.
however, that many successful growers
use tin cans or other things with equal-
ly impervious sides.
We find in the last Mayflower. a very
interesting article on this subject. It
is very humorous, but withal there
is a strong vein of good common
sense through it all:
"I feel called upon to take up cudgels
in defence of 'Belle.' She is probably
able to defend herself, but I am going
to help her. I have hunted up the ar-
ticle in question, which called forth
'Jovial's' scathing reply and must con-
fens I find nothing therein to merit
such withering sarcasm!
"I, for one. have grown plants in tin
cans for seventeen years, and I have
the reputation of growing the finest
plants of anyone around; and there
were several years when I did not pos-
sess one single pot. either porous or
otherwise. I did not have money for
both plants and flowers. so I bought
plants-and grew them in tin cans,
both salmon and tomato. I do not
think we have any beer cans ill Amer-
ica.-they must he a purely English
"No one in looking at my plants and
admiring the wealth of bloom and fo-
liage. ever remarked on what they
grew in. My experience is that any
plant will do as well in a tin can as in
tile most elaborate pot ever bought,
provided it has proper care; and I have
changed Chinese Primroses from pots
in which they simply lived, to tin cans
in which the benefit was very soon ap-
"I don't suppose that Belle. any more
than myself, grows plants in tin cans
fronl preference. hut from motives of
economy. Jovial nuIst remnenmlber we
aire not all bloated bIondholders. And
for this same reason we cannot all
regulate the heat of our living or sit-
ting rooms. where I imagine the major-
ity of Mayflower renders grow their
plants -just as we would like to do.
No doubt Belle is also sorry to grow
her plants where it freezes occasional-
ly. Jovial will probtaly lIe horrified
to learn that the temperature ill my
room where most of my plants are
grown oftener reaches eighty than six-
"I would also say that if Jovial was
a busy American woman who tried to
keep herself rend up in the modern
books and magazines, besides being a
farmer's wife who did all her own
housework and sewing and tried to le
a faithful mother to two energetic boys
of eight and tell hie would be very
glad to sprinkle his plants occasionally.
andl wohld not alwaysys lindi time to
splionge tilt leaves of those thirty-one
distinct varieties of hlue-blooded aris-
tocratic English Zonals. The Ameri-
:can (ceranium. I am happy to say. is
by no meals so 'pernickity.' Were it
not for this I should be simply crushed!
To think that I have gone blindly on,
for over seventeen years, sprinkling
my plants, and never dreamed it was
not the proper thing to do!
"I have looked through several cata-
logues and can find nothing catalogued
as Zonals. WVill someone who under.
stands the matter. Mr. Adolf Jaenicke,
for instance, please enlighten us on
this subject? Although I do not care
for a monstrosity in Geraniums-
whlchl I confess freely I think a truss
measuring two feet would be-still 1
sliould like to know all about it. 1
should also like to try and see what
they would do if grown in plebian tin
Editor Floral Department:
At the close of every week there
comes to us, through thle nails, a very
great pleasure. When the big pack.
age of papers is opened. a dear family.
:ar wrapping is looked for; it has trav-
eled "over the hills and far away,"
from tlle I.and of Flowers; we remove
111e covering gladly. knowing that a
treat is in store for us. for it contains
"The Agriculturist." The very name
of l-'lorida has a magic for our little
household: it brings back the remem-
lirance of ideal days spent along the
banks of the St. Johns and charming
sails onl its placid waters in wonderful
little naptha launches that skimmed
along like a bird on the wing. On An-
astasia's beach we gathered shells and
chased "fiddlers" in the shadow of the
stately light-house. In grand St. Au-
gustine we wandered as in fairy land;
through the quaint reminders of old- .
en times and the splendors of the pres-
eat. then rested in the court of the The w rnlng
Those were the "piping days of cough is the faith-
peace:" later onl. when war's fierce ful sentinel. Ittells
trend resounded and the call "to arms" of the approach of
wvas heard. then again we saw 'your consumption,
beautiful metropolis ht it was trans- whichhaskllti
formed. It's hitherto peaceful streets more pecpie
were full of soldiers In blue, marching more people
hither and thither, dashing cavalry- than war and
men and big army wagons. Now and pestilence corw
then a solemn procession passed and bined. It tell
we knew that some mother's darling of painful
had answered to the roll-call above. chests, so
underr the grand water oaks, with their Clu h s, w|ek
canopy of gray moss in Panama Park, g, w
,ur own l'll-netto boys awaited in their throats, bron-
tents, orders to the front. Beside chitis, and pne-
them were Bryan's Nebraska-re!n, and Imonla. DO ot
across the way the bugles called musi- suffer another
ally inl tle soft and fragrant air: day. It's n e-
"Boots and saddles" and "lights out." for there's a
to Torrey's gallant riders. Standing r th '
on the pier at Port Tampa we saw the prompt and ase
transports come in sight. away down Cure. It
the beautiful bay, then anchor and un-
load their living freight of sufferers
But all tills is past and we are glad,
the white wings of peace again hover
ibroodingly over the Land of Flowers,
plmeitto and pine. You ask doubtless,
what has this to do with a flower
Ipage? VWell. it is the "stubble" that
yoI gathered when you asked fot
"str aw" I just had tell you of our -
cxpierienesv both pleasant and sad. which cures fresh colda
an "tlhe conling state of the Union." and coughs in a single
You always give u1. Mr. Editor, such night and masters chronic
an interesting and helpful page, that coughs and bronchitis in
your lament r"Bricks without Straw." a short time. Consup-
was a surprise. We did "not realize sho time. Consmp-
that you needed assistance. tion is surely and cer-
In a small private greenhouse one is tainly prevented, and
made to understand most fully that cured, too, if taken in
plants are like children of the same time.
household. they need very different A 25c.bottlefors res
training. The pallls. ferns. oranges.
lemons,. pineapple and guavaB from Rea- cold; 50c. size for older
-oner Brotlers. of Oneco. (lovely re- colds; $1sizeforchronic
iwinders (if Florida). need more heat Coughsand consumption.
anid moisture than tile jars of Freesias, I "alwayskeepa bottle fA i
Narcissils anld IIyacinth. This problem Cherry Pectoral on hbad. Ta
we are learning to solve by putting ever time I getoold Latl
of it nod I am better at once."
sone plants near the glass and others JANM O. BUqOm,
lower (down. OCt. 19, I5s. El Paao,.In
Some time :;go. I lhad something like W rite the Doctr. IfTyeJoab
sc:le and:1 :list) nienly vitig oil several emplaint whatev dsir tdew
best uedic lI adice, rt tie Det~e
plants A friend tohl ie' to dip a soft freely. Address
cloth in the whey that rises over but- Dr.J.C.ATuI.welM
ternilk and wipe off these insects. This
I did il the :afternoon. then the next
morning sprayed the foliage with
fresh water and have had no bugs
since: it is a very simple yet most effi- CANCER AND PILES.
cacioii remedy. Here we have cotton There i a Sanitarium in Belleview.
seId meal o ilt aptiedty and I find a Fla. whose specialty is the treatment
hIandfl, of it applied now and then to of cancer. piles and all rectal disease
'n:,n'y plants to be a very excellent fer-
without the use of the knife. Write
tilizer. Very many plants. especially them a description of your ease and
them a1 description of your ease and
lipenplhes inl tubs, respond very lquick- receive free books by return mail. Ad-
ly to this tonic. Even tile ferns like dress
it: my Cibotium Barometz is a marvel BE.LEVIEW SANITARIUM,
of luxuriant beauty, also the Alsophila J. W. Thompson. M. D.. Supt.
\ustralis: the shy grower. Adiantum Belleview, D a
a'nrleyense is helped by this same fer- eiew,
tilizer. Some time ago your corres-
nondent T.ucile asked about the double PERUNA CURES COLDS.
white Violet. In this section it has to Mr. James Morrison. 68 E. 16th street,
be protected to bloom well. but any- Paterson. N. J.. says: "I have given
where ill Florida it seems as if it might Peruna a fair trial, and I find it to be
bloom well outside of a cold frame, just what you claim it to be. I cannot
It responds well to a very rich soil. A praise it too much. I have used two
linim of "Crab Claw Cactus" grafted on bottles in my family for colds, and
a well rooted plant, about six inches everything imaginable. I could not be
tall. of "Night-blooming Cereus" gives without it. I recommended it to a mar-
very handsome blooms, showing off ried sister of mine who was always
much better than when grown on its troubled with colds. She says it has
own roots, as it is a low growing plant, done more for her than any doctor
I wonder how many of the sisters grow could. I c:n safely say that your med-
thle Chinese Primroses. The entire icine is the best I have ever used."--
Priniula family is very handsome and James Morrison.
easily grown. blooming all winter and A cold is the beginning of catarrh..
spring. I have one variety in a quart To prevent colds, to cure colds, is to
tin can. the Olconica. that is lovely, client -atarrh out oI its victims. Peruna
With a robe of green crepe paper put not only cures catarrh, but prevents it.
around to lide the plebian can. it of- A book of testimonials of the cures
ten finds a place in the centre of the Peruna has made in the many different
blreakfast and dinner table and is pllase.s and stages of chronic catarrh
much admired. se'lt free lhy The Peruna Medicine Co.,
If this "stubble" is acceptable. you of 'olnumblus. Ohio.
will have 0 *
More Anon. Happiness makes heavy burdens
I.aurens. S. ('.. January 10th. light.
A LAZ AA L5.fKAA.L fl
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday. and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
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Six months, single subscription..... .... 1.00
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Money should be sent by Draft. Postoffice
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Monday morning of each week.
heSubribers when writing to have the address
of their naner changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 1901.
The poor prices received for some
poorly grown and indifferently pack-
ed oranges the lnst month or so. need
not discouraPe anybody who knows
how to raise cood fruit. The world
grows faster than the really rood or.
chards. Forty years ago. the best
Roxhury rsset annles went begging
for buyers and rotted on the ground.
Elthteen years ago the writer was in
the same anple-growing region. There
was a good crop of apples. there were
nlentv of buyers on the ground having
Air a bushel on the tree. Yet there were
ten acres of hearing trees where there
was one forty years before.
We had a very pleasant call last
week from Mr. .T. TT. Wri lit. of the
firm of Wrieht & Browz.. Riverside. Cal..
mnnufnctnrers of the orange brushing
and cleaning machine which has re-
cently been introduced into this state.
esasrs. Phillins & Fuller. of Tampa.
hare been anointed state agents for
this new machine and hereafter the or.
anre growers will be able to get them
without having to wait sixty to nine-
tv days for them to reach here from
California. We saw some very flat-
tering letters from growers on the Man-
atee river, who have used the machine
this year. which would indicate that
the machine is filling a decided want
in that section. Mr. Wrieht informs
us that the people of Florida have very
Little idea of the care that is given to
putting up and packing the California
fruit. Our Florida growers have con.
siderable to learn in this respect.
It is a capital error to plow the earth
up to and around any root crop, espe.
cially onions. It is true we have all
read stories about the tremendous lift-
ing power of squashes, and how the
tender tip of a maiden cane root will
grow right through a sweet potato, etc.
It is true also that the onion has pro- carry corn through to the rainy season, and even should it prove a failure, it
digious power to expand in the earth- despite the drought. Lay off all the will be of value in establishing the
when it acquires size-but when it is land with furrows five feet apart, then fact that it will be necessary to con-
small it is weak and bulges out very drop the corn two or three times as duct such work where the pineapples
slowly, and before it grows large en- thick as it ought to be and thin out as naturally grow.
ough to be able to force room for it- soon as the stand is assured. The mis. Through the generosity of the East
self. the time is at hand for it to go erable shiftless method of running out Coast Railroad Company, which leas-
to seed. Result, a scallion. We be- a single shallow furrow, dropping the ed the land on long time, at a nominal
lieve there are thousands of dollars lost corn in that, then "breaking out the rental, a citrus experiment station has
very year by the growers through the middles." is a poorhouse system and been established at Boca Ratone.
inability of various root crops to de- will keep any farmer eating short About three hundred trees were plant.
velop size. Sand is the heaviest of all bread all his life. ed. including twelve varieties of or.
soils. * anges, two each of the pomelos and
SThe second year of a young vineyard, lemons, limes and kumquats, on five
It is not a difficult matter to keep no fruit should be allowed to remain different stocks. A shelter belt thirty
good oranges several months. Cut the on the vines. The third year, strong feet wide as a break against the pre-
stems with a pair of clippers and let vines with good culture ought to pro- ailing winds wa left on the south,
the fruit drop gently into the hand. It duce three or four pounds each, and east and north of the ground selected.
is not a bad plan to wear a woolen the following year, a full crop. But The trees adjoining the windbreak
glove to remind the gatherer that the vines of weaker growth will not do were planted thirty feet from t It
frlit must not be bruised or shaken, this. Care must be taken not to allow was decided to plant the trees in blocks
Wr.p each fruit separately in soft the vines to overbear or they may be of ten each; the trees in the blocks
paper-not newspaper, but tissue pa- so injured as never to recover. Three were placed twenty-one feet apart, and
ner. Place them in a single layer in a or four tons per acre is a full average the blocks thirty feet from each other.
basket and carry them under the house for the strongest growing vines, al- The botanist of the Station has list-
which is probably the coolest place, though good vineyards often produce, ed about eighty fungi of Florida, which
and at the same time the darkest place without injury. five or six tons per have never been catalogued before. Of
on the premises. Gently press each cre. The less the number of clusters these the downy mildew on the cucum-
one between the hands to flatten the this weight can be concentrated Into, her and the celery blight are of econ-
naper down and make it fit snugly, the more satisfactory will be the mon- omic importance and both may be com-
then lay them in a single layer. lightly ey returns from the crop. Hence, it pletely controlled by spraying with the
nressed together so as to keep the wrap is well. besides pruning the vines back Bordeaux mixture, if applied early and
air-tight around them. hard, to thin the fruit, picking off the with thoroughness. He gives the ex.
In some parts of the state farmers smallest and poorest bunches. There perience of Wynn & Rogers of Man-
have what is called a "revolving pas- Is always a demand for strictly fine atee county, with the cucumber blight.
tnre" that is. a pasture of Bermuda fruit at good prices. They say in a letter: "We had the
grass for the summer and one of rye plants sprayed twice a week at first,
or oats for the winter. As the Berm- Biennal Report of the Experiment and when time to begin shipping arrive.
isles all the better for being ripped up This is a document containing a good gus. We shipped over two hundred
with the plow and harrow. It can be deal of interesting information, in ad- crates and could have gathered many
plowed up and an application of cotton edition to the financial statement for the more if the prices had not failed. Am
seed meal be given the land, which Is two years. ending .Tune 30. 1900. satisfied from past experience and ob.
then sowed down in rye or oats. When Much interest has been aroused over servation of crops not sprayed, that we
this is depastured in the spring, the tile publication of two bulletins on would not have been able to ship five
Bermuda comes in and furnishes pas- cassava. and large editions of No. 49 crates if we had not sprayed.
turage for the summer. The same have been reprinted by several railroad The entomologist says of the white
course could be pursued with maiden companies for free distribution among fly: "The white fly, Aleurodes dtrl,
enne or .Tohnson grass, though the lat- persons contemplating immigration to reached about its usual degree of de-
structiveness during the past year, a
ter should never be introduced where Florida. It is also claimed that the In- few localities suffering, perhaps, a lit-
it is '>ossile that the land may be terest excited by this bulletin has been tie more than in average years. The
wanVted for cultivated crops. a factor in inducing capitalists to lo- observations of the careful orange
* eate starch factories in this state. growers seem to indicate that closely-
T tll evil times upon which the planted trees are far more badly in-
rn e h is fallen dupon whicate e The buildings of the Station are tested with this insect than those in
rowing whenever it cold "cateh ars nuite inferior to those found in other which the trees are well spaced and in
States. An ample appropriation from which sufficient pruning has been done
eantel, cn." some growers will be the state treasury s much needed. A to allow free circulation of air through
willbe state trealry muchnethe tops.
tempted to let the sprouts grow up for the tops.
what they are worth as seedlings, not science hall. In which may be located "We have uniformly recommended
whatak the tre worth as sendlnm, Ths the laboratories of the Station work- Prof. Webber's formula for resin
ers. is almost indispensable to the in- wash to inquirers, and in nearly all
is a mistake if one expects to stay creased efficiency of the service cases very favorable results have been
there and raise oranges at all. A bud- reported from the use of this appica-
'there ar wille orangenos a sooner to Tn addition to the experimental crops tion. We have heard of a few in-
Stree wi nr eno sooner to re- roper there are others grown for util- stances in which the fruit fell from the
nry the labor of budding several times itarian purposes. High fertilization trees following an application made in
over. Budded fruit has n finer and ha not been practiced with the crops May. but have been informed that the
nmIothipr skin,. closer cellular tissue. amount of caustic soda used in some of
Thev crown. Thorough cultivation has been these cases was in excess of that pree.
They are more compact. and heavier, rigorously followed. The average scribed by the formula. Too much
nd have fewer seeds and less "rag" fields of most of the crops grown have care cannot be taken In the mixing
thnn the keedlincs. The buds come into been as follow: Corn. 20 1- busels of insecticides, since the line between
ienarin tuch earlier. and are more sur pou elements destructive to insect life and
rolifi and more certain to bear every r ane. 2 tons. 8 pods: lon not injurious to plant life is a very nar-
. e tree can ertaple seed cotton. M28 pounds; sweet row one indeed, and any material var-
ear. More trees can he grown eper potatoes. 125 bushels: velvet bean hay iation from an accepted formula Is I1-
..o nd the fruit is easier to gather. 9 tons. 150 pounds: Cassava, 7 tons, 357 able to bring quick disaster. Again,
It i.- sunorior in every particular, and pounds per acre local or unstudied conditions sometimes
Ipr;Ois higher prices. Finally. the bud- render unsafe an application that Il
le e oi ur p or triolia stok is The very extensive experiments with unquestionably approved for general
eldn t on sour or tr follata stock is nineapple fertilizers. initiated by Prof. use elsewhere. In view of the expert-
Sattacked by foot rot to which Rolf. hae been discontinued and in ence of several parties, though perhaps
very sweet root i liable. pace of them potted plants have been to be accounted for by reasons similar
Spto the foregoing, it would seem beet
There never was a spring in Florida tested at the Station itself. About fi- that every man should first experiment
so dry but that corn could be kept ty glass pots are in use and these con- on a limited scale with the wash, as
looking well and growing all through tain the virgin soil collected from the he himself prepares and applies it, be-
it. on any decent kind of land fit to pineapple region. It was feared for a fore using it on his ground.
"We have reached a pretty definite
nlant corn on at all, by deep plowing while that the experiment would prove conclusion that California methods of
nnd thorough preparation. This. of a total failure on account of the pines tent fumigation can be followed in
course, refers to old land, not to virgin becoming diseased, and while the con. Florida with profit in those districts
sod. By deep plowing, we mean as editions under which the pines are where the orange is a reasonably cer-
deep as horses can plow, even down to growing are so normal that no defl- te process and e prot ablueleve with
teln nches. A finely pulverized soil nite results are expected, yet the ex- deciduous trees under some circum-
will produce all the moisture needed to periment promises to be of some value, i stances."
AWIWIW TO G0&fLcAOjmiisA .
This department is devoted to answering
such questions a may be asked by our sb-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
dftor lloride Agriculturist:
Some of my young trees are entirely
covered with some kind of scale insect,
and I would like to get from you some
Information in regard to them. The
insect seems to cause the few fruits the
trees have to drop off, and the trees are
,n bad shape and are getting worse.
I sprayed one tree with weak potash
water, but it seems to do no good. The
Insect Is a brown coldl and sticks very
close to the tree. Do you know the
name of them?
Any information you can give me In
this line will be greatly appreciated.
Yours truly. I. T.
We cannot tell the kind of scale you
are troubled with without a sample of
same. There are a number of Insecti-
cides- for destroying scale Insects, but
the latest is the use of coal oil emulsion
in the proportion of one part of coal
oil and nine parts of water. This must
be used through a spray pump that will
thoroughly mix the water and coal oil
as it is applied in a fine spray to the
tree. Coal oil Itself has been used but
there is danger of Injuring the tree by
applying too much on the leaves and
twigs. We advise you to go slow
with the pure coal oil until you have
made some experiments to ascertain
how much the tree will stand.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
May I tax you to give me your opin-
ion as to the best and at the same time
lightest draft mowing machine for one
horse. All I know of in use here, re-
quire a very heavy horse when for all
other farm work a medium draft horse
is sufficient. One does not wish to keep
a heavy draft horse especially for a
We refer you to the advertisement of
the McCormick Mowing Machine Com-
pany. advertised in the Agriculturist.
Write to them, giving a description of
what you want and they can undoubt-
edly give you the required machine.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Please inform me through the col-
umns of your paper, how to make or-
anges bright. My crop in Mfanatee
county thlWyear is mostly russets, the
value of which would have been great-
ly increased were they brights. Noth-
ing but high grace chemical fertilizers
Shave been used on the grove.
Mount Airy. Philadelphia, Pa.
As every orange grower knows, who
has been In the business any length
of time; the rust is caused by a very
minute insect which punctures the
oil cells of the orange ..and the oil oxi-
dizes on the outside, giving the orange
an unsightly appearance. Spraying
once a month during the entire year
will help to keep the crop bright.
As the rust mite breeds very rapidly
it does not do to let up on the spraying
until after September. There are oth-
er things that have an influence on the
rust mite that if taken advantage of
will help to reduce the percentage of
rusty fruit. Keep your ground covered
with growth and vegetation and thus
prevent any reflection of the sun's rays
on the soil. Rust seldom appears in
A subscriber who is also an old or-
ange grower, recently told the writer
that he kept his fruit bright by dusting
with sulphate of lime 1p the morning
when the trees were wet with dew.
This is a very easy method as the lime
can be applied either with Leggett's
powder gun, or by throwing it with the
hands. The latter Is not a very pleas-
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
HOW TO FREEZE ice cream without ice.
No fake. Formula 10c. Box 183, DeLand,
WANTED--A chemidt. One who has had
experience In handling fertilizing ma-
terials, I. state resident preferred. E. O.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
FANCY POULTRY YARD- Established
1876 Twelve varieties- Eggs S1 per dcz.
Stock for sale Plymouth Rocks. W. Wy-
dottes and Leghorns now laying. AL-
BERT FRIES, St. Nicholas, Fta. 4x6
ROSES AND VIOLETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
TeiEyck, DeLand. Fla. 5x17
FOR SBLE-Fruit farm, Lake Villa Grove.
at Pierson, Voli,sia county. Fla. About
i0 acres. This choice property nil1 be sold
cheap toclose an estate. Apply to Illinois
Trust a..d Savings Bank. trustee for the
estate of George Park Kinney, deceased,
Chicago, Illinois. 5x8
WRITE toJ D. Bell, St Petersburg, Fla.. for
pineapple plants 2tf
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
,money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
vile a. 10x3-1
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 2L Orlando, Fla. 4it
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers. Fla. 3ltf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg.
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale.
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"--Beautiful
kodak album Cloth nd morocco biding.
Cloth 50c. morocco 75c, postpaid. B. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLaud Fla. 2t
RBL-I4kN HARES-At all prices according
to *ie and and quality. Imported Pedigree
stock a specialty Correspondence solici-
ted. H. PRICE WILLIAMS, Miami. Pla.
FOR LE--One thousand fine seedling pa-
per shell pecan trees from choice nuts.
Cheap and ready for transt anting Apply
to Mrs. ANNIE L. SMITH, Boardman,
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 26 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX. Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-S75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa. Fla., 40.000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the.state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality. Low nrices. Address THE
GRTFFTNC BROTHERS Company, Jack
sonville. Fla. 41tf
tRR I YOUR CHANcB--por rent rirhtin
the village of Pierson. one 10 room hou-e
and one 5 room hnuse. each having a well
of good water. -tove a-d some fnmiftre.
Will lease the former for *8 and the latter
for $4 per month. Correspondence invited.
N L. PIERQON Pierson. Fla. 3
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges.
Grape Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons. Plums.
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans. Cam-
nhor trees. Roses. Ornamentals. etc. Cata-
logue free. Address. THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville. Fla.
WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
Manufacturing Co.. Lake Mary. Fla..
wiNl be glad to correspond with all per-
sons wlsh'rr to sell CASSAVA this fall.
either for mush or In oxchangao or CAR-
SAVA F]EED. Early arrangements will
be of value to growers and WE. PAY
THE FREIGHT. F. G. PERKINS
NOW TS THE TIME to plant necan nuts.
Frotcher's Egg Shell is the best. Select
nuts go forty to the pound. Also seedling
and grafted trees. American olive, a beau-
tiful evergreen tree. for parks. lawns and
hedges. Lucie grass plants. for the finest
lawns and for pastures. Tapanese cn.stnuts.
very large. single specimens weigh one
once. Perfectly adapted to o wr s ;l ard
climate. Best nearhes for .')me and ih'p-
oing. W H. HASKELL, DeLand. Flor-
CONSIG" ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $5so,ooo.oo.
CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE I Jacksonville is for
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BR' CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
.0 a4 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shoual go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Maut QuWa-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksaoville office
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank............... 12 00
H Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized ron tank.. 7 00
Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
H. B arrel Spray Pump, com-
fl plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
'with hose, etc................. 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................ 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of op
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
Pine and Bao aeu m Bo.,
Shaved B reh Hoops. Freh G i
l zred Hoops, Manulsa ba oadtor
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated 2h
Nail ineapple, Beae, Catal. pe,
Cabbage sand other Crates Tomate
Ca. rFi Lettuce Baskets, t.
Imperl aPlows and Cultivators. te.
Cat LoPo and prior ast e appli-
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
.==wanges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have, twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
- I Florida.
Satsuma Oranges on Trifollata
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES Stock $15 to S$ per 100. Peach
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES. to per I..
MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES
J A. DANIEL, g 5 GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.
Premium Offer No 1 Anyosendinga a new Sbscrb a
Premium O r No $2.00 will reive an open-face, stem-wend
and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your subcrip-
tions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvlle, Fla.
S-THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
For the third of a century the
standard for strength and purity. It
makes the hot bread, hot biscuit,
cake and other pastry light, sweet
and excellent in every quality.
No other baking powder is
"just as good as Royal," either in
strength, purity or wholesomeness.
Many low priced, imitation baking powders are
upon the market. These are made with alum
and care should be taken to avoid them. as alum
is a poison, never to be taken in the food
nOVAL BAKING POWDER CO.. 100 WILLIAM ST.. NEW YORK.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Below we give a recipe for a delic-
ious pudding which may prove a help
when considering that vexatious ques-
tion of what to prepare for dinner.
Dissolve one-fourth box of gelatinit
in one-fourth cup of cold water, add
to this one clup of boiling water anti
stir until the gelatine is dissolved, then
add one ctup of sugar and when it is
thoroughly dissolved. add one-fourth
cup of lemon juice. Strain into a large
earthen vessel and place in the cool-
est spot you can find to cool, stirring it
occasionally. Beat the whites of three
eggs to a stiff froth and add to the gel-
atine when it begins to thicken and
heat untit the- whole is very light, and
as soon as it begins to thicken. pour
into moulds. Then make a boiled cus-
tard of the yolks of the three eggs.
and one pint of hot milk. sweeten and
flavor to suit the taste, and serve with
Teaching the Little Girls How to Sew.
In looking through the American Ag-
riculturist we find the following article
which has some good pointers on ]how
to teach the restless little girls to sew.
and which we think may help some
mother to interest and instruct her
little girls. and ,boys too. tess atten-
tion seems Inow to be paid to the useful
art of sewing than was done in our
childhood, when we were required to
do a certain alnount eaich day. and
to do it right. It is a distinct advan-
tage to a girl. and a hoy. too. to ,ie able
to use a needle well. Children should
be taught everything that will help to
make them independent nnd aide to
care for themselves when they grow
up. The metlhod of comblinig instruc-
tion with pleasure is to our minds a
great improvemnlel over the old-time
method of compelling the child to make
a certain number of quilt squares each
day. which was a task from which we
were all eager to escape.
"Use for a small bed a cigar box and
retiove the cover. If you can find four
large white buttons with eyes, fasten
one under each corner, first making a
small hole to glue the eye into. When
finished they will look like casters.
Now you have a chance to teach your
little girl to sew. If you told her she
must furnish thil bed. site would think
it rather hard. lbut say 'we will fur-
niih it.' and she will be delighted.
"First. you will need the mattress. If
you have the ticking, use that. It will
look like a real bed. Then cut the
sheets so that they will be two inches
longer and two inches wider when they
are hemmnned. Next take strips of some
delicate color. and soft. so they will
easily sew. Baste them so girlie can
sew tlhein together. Use one thickness
of white batting. You can mark and
quilt this in a short time. and this quilt
c.an he easily washed. Have a white
spread if you have anything suitable.
Make one pillow filling with cotton.
Make a slip sewing the edges over and
over on the right side. and hem.
"You say. 'Why so particular?' You
are not only dol:ng something to please
the child. hbut you are giving her a les-
son without her knowing it. and you
should he just as particular in cutting
and making the articles as if you were
furnishing your own bed. A doll that
will tit this Isnl will only cost a few
cents. and girlie will soon learn to cut
and make its clothes. If you want the
bedstead more modern. take the cov-
er and make a high head piece. Nail
it outside the end. of the box. This
ildea ~tia be carried out with i larger
box. The onll I saw 1.adi for Ilte legs
long slilm spools. All parts were paint-
ed white and the bedding was blue
and white. It was very dainty."
Some Nice Ways to Serve Cabbage.
('Cbbagell Salad.--Take one pint of
finely chopped riaw cahhage. Add three
tablespoonfuls of lemon juice to two
tablespoonfuls of white sugar, then
beat in thoroughly a half cupful of
whipped cream. Pour over the cabbage
and serve. A pint of strained stewed
tomatoes to which has been added a
tablespoonful of lemon juice, also
makes a nice dressing, or the cabbage
may be simply served with sugar and
diluted lemon juice.
Mashed Cabbage.-Cut a fine head of
cabbage into quarters, and cook In
slightly salted boiling water until ten-
der. A half hour before it is done,
drop in three or four nice-sized pota-
toes. When done drain thoroughly, sea-
son to taste, add a little cream or milk,
and mash very fine.
Creamed Cabbage.-Slice the cab-
bage very thin, and cook in a covered
saucepan until tender, drain thoroughly
and return to the stove with a cunful
of cream or rich milk. a lump of butter,
and seasoning to taste. Let simmer a
few minutes and serve.
Many persons invariably suffer from
heartburn or indigestion after eating
cabbage with its usual dressing of
vinegar, and as a general thing the
vegetable itself is blamed for this, and
condemned as a coarse indigestible
food. This is by no means true. Prop-
erly cooked and served, it is entirely
wholesome, and may be eaten even by
an invalid without fear of injury or dis.
comfort.---Mary Foster Snider in Ex-
You Should Bear in Mind
That a pound of lean beef and a
quart of milk contain about the same
amount of nourishment, but the meat,
although it costs more, is more value.
able for food. as it contains the nutri-
ents in more suitable proportion.
That the popular notion that "fish is
a brain food" is a mistake, for emi-
nent physiologists tell us that fish no
more than any other nitrogenous food
contributes to brain growth and devel-
opment. All nitrogenous foods, such
as fish. meat. eggs and so on. repair
the waste tissues of the body. hut fish
is of no more importance than the oth-
That haml has much better flavor
if it is boiled for one hour and then
baked two hours, with brown sugar
sprinkled over it for the last fifteen
That hollowed out apples or beets
Inake artistic and pretty cups to hold
That four to five ounces of sugar is
all that an adult in good health should
eat with impunity in the course of a
That corn meal is an excellent food
for winter, as it contains so much fat,
and when eggs and milk are added to
it. it has a high nutritive value.
That fruit, to be appetizing and lus-
cious. should lie kept in a cool. dry
place and not on ice.
That a very pleasing addition to the
ordinary nut cake is a cup of raisins.
That the use of a thermometer on the
oven of a practical woman is an as-
surance of success in baking.
That baking powder biscuits require
much more hlat than bread: 440 de-
grees Fahrenheit is right for biscuits.
while a temperature of :SO degrees is
better for bread.
That sour milk and soda make a
more delicate devil's food cake than
the sweet milk and baking powder.
That tle success of whipped cream
depends upon the fact that the dish,
the beater and the cream are thorough-
ly chilled in advance.
That jelly keeps much better if hot
Iaraflie is poured over each tumbler
than when covered with paper.
'FTl)t altlhoulg "hunger is the best
sauni." a daintily garnished dish is the
Th'lnt r'lieant sac:le is very much im-
proved byI a thorough beating.
That potato salad is much more sa-
vory if inixed with the salad dressing
Thliat there is niore need of common
eunse in culinary science than is ordi-
narily supposed.' for we cannot become
a strong people mentally unless our
ilhysical beings are well nourished.-
What to Eat.
fir. Io.ftotin says there is a peculiar
notion that it is nmuch more dangerous
to tire the eyes by use titan it is to tire
any other organ of the body. It is not
ni(eessarl.l: injurious to the legs or the
To raise good fruit
you must have Potash.
at least 8 to io% of
Potash will give best
results on fruits of all
Write for our pamphlets, which should
lb in every farmer's library.
They are sent free.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York.
arms or the brain to become tired, for
proper rest may. restore all these to
their normal condition. The same is
true in regard to the eyes. Proof read-
ers. sewing women and mechanics, who
use their eyes for a long time upon
near objects must of necessity weary
the unuscles that adjust the eye to.via-
ion: but if the weariness is compensa-
ted for hy rest at proper intervals there
will le nio harm done to the eyes, for
they are so constructed that they can
lIear niaximum fatigue as well as oth-
er parts of the body. Education would
cease. all mechanical work would soon
have an end. if the eyes of school chil-
dren and of certain kinds of workmen
were never tired. Eyes are never over-
worked. even if they feel very tired
when the task is done, if their natural
power and freshness return after the
proper intervals of rest during the day
and sleep at night.-Exchange.
Who Said ItP
lhDan Smith is credited with "Bread
is tile staff of life."
It was Keats who said "A thing of
beauty is a joy forever."
"Man proposes but God disposes,"
remarked Thomas a'Kempis.
Franklin is authority for "God helps
those who help themselves."
It was an observation of Thomas
Southern that "Pity's akin to love."
We are indebted to Colley Cibber,
not to Shakespeare, for "Richard is
Edward Coke. the English jurist,
was of the opinion that "A man's house
is his castle."
"Whlen Greek meets Greek then Is
the tug of war" was, written by Na-
thaniel Lee in 1102.
Edward Young tells us "Death loves
a shining mark" and "A fool at forty is
a fool indeed."
"V\ariety is the spice of life" and
"Not much the worse for wear" were
coined by Cowper.
Charles Pinckney gave the patriotic
sentiment "Millions for defense. but
not one cent for tribute."
"Of two evils I have chosen the less"
and "The end uIust justify the means"
are from Matthew Prior.
To Milton we owe "The paradise of
fools." "A wilderness of sweets" and
"Moping melancholy and moon-struck
Thle poet 'amphell found that "Com-
ing events cast their shadows before"
and "'Tis distance that lends enchant-
Ilent to the view."
Clhristopher Marlowe gave forth the
invitation so often repeated by his
brothers in a less public way. "Love
ime little, love me long."
To Dr. Johnson belongs "A good
hater." and to Mackintock. in 1701. the
phrase, often attributed to John Ran-
dolphl. "'Wie and masterly inactivity."
"First in war. first in peace. and
first in the hearts of. his fellow-citl-
mi ts" inot his countrymen). appeared
ni the resolutions presented to the
Ilouse of Representatives il Decem-
I:er. 17!09. by General Henry Lee.-
Southern Christian Advocate.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
POULTgY AND RARN DEPART-.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.
In constructing your poultry yard. it
is a good plan to leave the small bush-
es or large weeds that may be on
the ground. These will give shelter
from the sweltering rays of the sun,
and also prove a refuge from hawks.
In addition to this provision for the
comfort of your fowls, have vessels of
fresh water placed wherever they can
reach it. They will visit the troughs
very frequently during the hot days.
and also at all other times which shows
that they have as much need of good
fresh water as any other of the farm
animals. It is a good practice to have
the water In iron pans if possible, if
not, put pieces of scrap Iron or nails In-
to your troughs. This will help to keep
It will soon be time to begin setting
your hens for early spring chicks. If
you have good shelters to protect them
from the sudden cool spells that we are
lifrely to have, it Is not too early to be.
gin now. However, It is best to wait
till all danger of cold is over, when the
chicks will grow rapidly and be ready
for market or for home use in six weeks
or two months. About the last of Feb-
ruary. you should have a goodly num-
ber of hens setting. When they bring
off their broods, divide them up be-
tween several of the best mothers and
let the other hens go back to laying.
One of the best egg-producing foods
Is wheat bran and oats, fed three times
a day. Feed this with the scrape from
the table, bits of green vegetables and
an occasional feed of corn. and your
hens will lay, even in the coldest
But In addition to nutritious food,
your fowls should have dry warm,
clean quarters. The fowl house should
be frequently cleaned out, at least
once a week. You should not expect
any returns when your fowls have to
roost on the bare branches of trees or
on cold roofs during the cold or stormy
Gather your eggs each afternoon, put
them In a cool, dark place and turn
them each day. Keep the temperature
as nearly even as possible. and you
will have very little trouble n keeping
Cultivated onions will fix the
favor of eggs just as surely
as "wild" ones. So will the green tops.
And did you ever eat nicer flavored
eggs than those laid by hens whose
principal feed was green grass and
sound corn? That may not be a bal-
anced ration, but It produces eggs of
an exceedingly fine flavor. Knowing
as we do the aptitude of eggs to take
on flavor from the food eaten by hens,
we shudder at the awful flavor of the
eggs from offal-fed hens. Besides hay.
Ing fresh eggs, the man who keeps a
flock for eggs for home consumption
may know from what they are product
ed. and there are eggs and eggs.-Ex-
Importanee of Green Forage.
There are hundreds of breeders who
do not understand the Importance of
green food or forage. Cattle, swine
and horse breeders understand Its Im-
portance and provide It for their stock.
It Is Just as essential to health, vigor
and egg production of poultry as to
health- and milk production of cows.
No man thinks of feeding horses or cat-
tle exclusively grain, and very few
think of giving poultry anything else.
A hen kept in a barn yard, fed only
grain or mash made up of a variety
of grains, will no more lay eggs that
will hatch well and produce strong
chleks than will a mare kept in a bare
lot and fed only grain breed well and
produce vigorous colts. Cattle and
horses are not expected to pick up their
forage in the winter on the commons,
and the successful breeder of poultry
will not require his hens to do it. In
the South the farmer can provide a
winter and early spring pasture of
wheat, rye or oats for his poultry. The
people who yard their fowls should
plant cabbage. collards, mustard, tur-
nips or something of the kind to be cut
and fed, and have on hand alfalfa hay
or some kind of forage to feed when
the green food is nipped by frost. The
lack of forage, exercise and animal
food is the prime cause of failure to
get good hatches from eggs the people
buy, as well as the weak and puny
chicks. The lack of these essentials
gives the fancier white or gray in the
flights and tall of Leghorns and Minor-
cas and off feathers in other breeds.
To produce fine standard specimens
health, thrift and vigor must be kept
up. and that is maintained only with
proper food and management.-South.
era Poultry Journal.
Fowls for Villages.-High fences are
not required for Brahmas and Coch-
ins, as they have wings so short as to
prevent them from flying over a fence
four feet high, says the American Ag-
riculturist. Hens of non-sitting breeds
are generally high flyers and need a
six-foot fence to keep them in. A
cheap fence for a village lot can be
made six feet high of lath. First nail a
lot of half laths to strips and above
them lay a row of whole laths. Three
strips for posts eight feet apart will
answer, and if the strips are of two-
thirds scantling the fence will be
strong enough to turn dogs or other
Turkey Notes.-Examlne flocks care-
fully and note If they are bright and
alert. Should sbme be stupid and mo-
pish, as often happens even when
grown up, give them a thorough anoint-
ing with lard In all parts most fre-
quented by vermin, or dust with Insect
powder. Lice are the turkeys' worst
enemy, and one to which they suc.
cumb quickly. Provide a roof over
the turkeys' roosting place and do not
permit them to sit upon a tree or fence
and shiver until morning during cold
rains and biting winds. Sell surplus
stock to consumers and get all the
SWinter Laying Ration.-The follow-
ing ration makes a good mash for the
laying hens: Corn, ground oats and
wheat bran, 100 pounds each; buck-
wheat bran fifty pounds, old process
linseed meal twenty-five pounds, fine
ground beef scraps ten pounds. Fig-
ured out this gives a nutritive ratio of
one to five.
Guinea Broilers.-A half-grown guin-
ea fowl split down the back, broiled
and buttered, is fine eating. It is
meaty, tender and of splendid flavor.
When you wish pheasants for dinner
for friends kill some young guineas.
They are cheaper and not much differ-
ent in taste.
Keeping Green Bone.-Green cut
bone can be kept for fowls as long as
it remains sweet, but when it begins
to turn moldy or spoil it is not safe to
feed. In cold weather it can be kept
from a week to a month; in warm
weather only one or two days.
The turkey season is here and the
demand is greater than last year. The
fellow who talked overproduction of
turkeys last summer is not saying
Selecting Good Layers.
That the majority of hens are capa-
ble of producing many more eggs than
they usually do. is undoubted. The
statements sometimes made that the
hens in certain yards, will lay from two
hundred to two hundred and fifty eggs
each during the year. must be accept-
ed with caution. But if particulars
were recorded by those who keep a
large number of fowls, so as to show
the average number of eggs per hen,
they would in most instances, convince
the owners, that they do not obtain
anything like the number they should,
provided there were closer supervision
and selection of the stock.
It is stated by many large poultry
breeders, that the laying qualities ot
hens can be known by their appear-
ance. The heads of good layers are finer
and not so thick or coarse and heavy
looking as the inferior layers. The
eyes are brighter and bolder, and the
combs, as a rule, are larger. It is also
claimed that cocks that have been bred
from a good laying strain can be dis-
tinguished easily. They are more pre-
cocious. when cockerels. they begin to
crow much sooner, and they do not
grow very large. There are very few
poultry keepers. however, let their ex.
perience of fowls be ever so consider-
able, who could select their birds from
such characteristics. A more satisfac-
tory method is to take notice of those
hens that are busy ranging about the
fields or runs late in the evening, when
most of the others have gone to roost,
or those that are the first out in the
morning. These are almost invariably
There is no doubt that the faculty
of laying is to a large extent heredit.
ary, and that pullets hatched from eggs
laid by prolific layers, will themselves
he good layers. The eggs again of
these pullets, particularly if they are
mated with male birds bred from free
layers, will produce chickens that
should again inherit this tendency. The
average number of eggs laid by the
flock after two or three years of this
selection will be largely increased.
Eggs are advertised for sale from hens
that have been bred and selected In
this manner, and it is certain, that the
egg production from each hen has been
Increased to the, extent of twenty to
fifty annually. Those poultry keepers
therefore, who wish to become possess.
ed of hens that are really first rate lay.
ors, should take the trouble to notice
those hens that pay most frequent vis-
its to the nest. A child can see to this.
and when these hens have laid their
eggs should be marked and only those
eggs retained for sitting purposes.
Another method by which the egg
supply can he increased is to weed out
annually all the old hens, a hen being
considered old after she has laid for
two seasons. Where there are a large
number of fowls. it is easy to recognize
the age of the hens by marking all
the young pullets by placing a ring on
their legs. If these rings are varied
every year. either in thickness or in
any other way that is most simple, the
ages can be told at once. And If all
hens not required for setting are re-
moved from the rest, directly they
show signs of broodiness and placed in
a light coop with some food and wa.
ter, they will quickly commence lay-
ing again, instead of wasting many
days as they so often do.-A. V.
Meerch in American Poultry Advocate.
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10. One yr. 5e.
It tells how to make poultry VinL
profitable. It Is up to date. pages
Send to day. We sell best liquid Uic %0i-
er for 75 cta per gallon. Alumuiam lW
bands for poultry, 1 doe., M ot:; X fur
ets- 60 for 50 ets: 100 for 1.
HENS' TEETH O.MoS
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt haa ben
screened, to supply this grit which I
lacking in nearly all parts of lord
Goods very inferior to ours and fll
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75e. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. 0. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonvflle,
Manufacturers of High Grade "r-'
tilizers and dealers In all kInda of Nf-
Orange and Kum Quat
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Price
low. Freight paid.
D. L. Pierbs, Prop.,
If your fowls are troubled with iee
or Jiggers. send $125 and get 110
pounds of tobacco dust and errrinle
it In your coops. The tobacco is iur-
anteed to be unleacbed. FP nd 2 Cent
tamp for sample.--. 0. Painter & O.
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on ta-
vestment this year.
Lyle & Co, Bartow, F.
"YOUR GRAND MOTHER'S GAR-
DEN" i i
is the headline of an advertisement ap-
pearing in our columns of the old-es-
tablished seedsmen and florists, Peter Pag F n
Henderson & Co.. 35 and 37 Cortlandt
street, New York. I nowmade of "Bwafe Opem-Herh StmL"
Their advertisement offers their an. L, a robeMom, aem.
nual superb Catalogue entitled "Every- PAG WOVus W WCK CO.AUI.i.
thing for the Garden," which is in re-
ality a book of 190 pages, containing F
over seven hundred engravings and
eight superb colored plates. This Cat- Fruit Crow ers
alogue is sent to all who send ten cents
in stamps to cover the cost of postage F IU
and mailing. In addition to the Cata- Bomamteteas.h.llptatneruhL
logue. this firm. wishing to trace the re. Aeid Phbsphat t na M tt
suit of their advertising in different pa- FUMOg IE
pers. will send free, to all who order Amo si uphkt ooppw, Bmaxes
Catalogue and state where they saw mitur.
the advertisement a trial collection of ISEOTIdO ES
six packets of choice vegetable and Ar'enate im. Pais Gt. reA sss
flower seeds, contained In a red enve- wios.
lope, which when empty and returned s rn for prices. Ktaow*U 4 Moim
with an order from Catalogue will be W.a. PowELL & W
accepted as twenty-five cents in part SBatimore, M.
payment. We advise our readers to
avail themselves of this unusually lib-
eral offer. SEEDS! A Seedsl
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady. cured of her deafness and Vegetable, Garde d Fowr.
noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums. gave $10.000 to his j r .
Institute. so that deaf people unable to d f Ca .
procure the Ear Drums may have them
fre. Address The Nchoonn- CHAS. RAYMOND, lS .I
stltute. 7 EIghth Avenue. New York. L=C.WL
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
IN THE STILLWATER COL-
Our special correspondent sat in the
cobwebby corner of the attic that he
called his "Correspondery," writing
out 'his weekly budget of Stillwater
news. As usual, his forehead was
deeply creased and his mouth a little
twisted to one side. The rasp of his
steel pen seemed to fill the attic. Then
suddenly it ceased and the little tame
mouse, Midget, crept out of her hole
again with a sigh of relief. Our spe-
cial correspondent's steel pen was a
great trial to Midget-it reminded her
"There, sir!" exclaimed our special
correspondent, in a self-congratulatory
tone. 'That's done. Hello, Midge, you
there? Want to hear the news, don't
you? Well, prick up your ears-here
Jeff Crane's experience as the Still-
water correspondent of the Eaglesville
Home Journal ran back but a little
way. He still copied his budget sever-
al times and read it aloud to see how
it would sound. Midget was his au-
dience. He took up the sheet of paper,
now, and rose to his feet. He always
stood up, as he did at school when he
read a composition aloud.
"Stillwater: Repairs are being made
on the Methodist church in Stillwater.
-Homer Gibbs is shingling his hay-
barn.-E. L. Knight recently purchas-
ed a new roan horse.-Mrs. Zebulon
Dil's brother has been visiting her
lately.-There was a severe thunder
shower here Saturday night.-Miss
Harriet Levenseller was married at
home on Blinn hill yesterday.-Apples
are getting to be scarce."
Jeff read the items twice through
critically. They appeared to satisfy
him, for he regarded the paper with an
approving smile. "How's that, Mid-
get?" he said gaylyy. "All ready to
clap into the envelope. isn't it? Well,
here she goes"' And he hurriedly ad-
dressed an envelope and thrust it in.
At that moment Sylvy's fluff of yellow
hair appeared at the attic stair-head.
:"What you s'pose I've got 'hind of
Sme, Jeffy Crane? "Oh,-doughnuts."
"Doughnuts? Guess again." "Cook-
les, taffy. peppermints. Hold on, 1
know! You've got your hands behind
Sylvy laughed delightedly and slow-
ly produced one of the little brown
hands with a letter in it. "It's for you,
Jeffy,-you, your ownest self." she
trilled. "An' I brang it all the way
up stairs to you, 'cause I'm such a nice
little sister!" And giving the letter a
toss toward him, she scampered away
again, leaving a trail of sweet, shrill
laughter behind her. Jeff tore open his
letter with a distinct thrill of pride. It
had the Eaglesville Home Journal
beading and began, "Dear Sir." To
a special correspondent of 14 years,
that form of address is alluring.
"Dear Sir: Your stuff is too tame.
Can't you make it a little more lively?
Get in something stirring. The Home
Journal is not dead or buried. Our
correspondents are urged to hustle for
good, brisk items that will be of some
kind of interest to the public. Yours,
Jeff dropped the letter like a live
coal. His round, brown face took on
a deep red flush. He grew an inch
taller as he straightened stifly in his
chair and convinced himself angrily
that he had been insulted. Midge, the
little tame mouse, scented cats again
and scurried to her hole.
"Want things to whizz. do they?" the
boy cried, hotly. "War, earthquakes
and fires and murders! Well, let 'en.
go somewhere else for 'em. Stillwater
doesn't move that way!"
He snatched out the carefully pre-
pared budget or news and eyed it de-
ristvely. Then with a sudden whim-
sical freak he proceeded to make it
"fzz." For a few minutes the stuffy
little attic whispered again with the
hiss of his pen. The new budget fair-
ly sizzled. It read as follows:
"Btlllwater: Repairs are being made
on the Methodist church. One of the
workmen recently fell off the roof and
broke his neck.-Hllomer Gibbs ia
shingling his hay-barn. The ladder
slipped and precipitated him to the
ground. He still lives.-E. L. Knight
recently purchased a new roan horse.
Tile first night, it fell through a trap
door to the cellar below and had to be
shot.- Mrs. Zebulon Dill's brother has
been visiting her. lie is just back from A om, eld le w. mu u -wre look be
the Klondyke and brought a pillow-
easeful of nuggets.-There was a se- Eureka Harness Oil
vere thundershower here Saturday The aest preltve be leather ever d*ioeed. sre,
night. It struck seventeen barns and ary tius co byo tympomved appesau and Inthecost
a henhouse.-- iss Harriet Levenseller lou /* Soldd eersywbm Iacnam ei-all
was married at her home on Blinn hill
yesterday. The bride was dressed in-
[Jeff's pen halted reflectively. What
could hlie dress Harriet Levenseller in
that would be nice and lively?]-The
bride was dressed in a very becoming
bicycle suit, and immediately after the
ceremony. the happy couple went away
on their wheels, on their wedding tour.
The last seen of them they were l1ail drcs
scorching down Blinn H ill."
"There. Midge. Midge, Midge,
where are you' How's that for nice,
fizzy news? Doesn't sound tame to
you, does it?" Jeff laughed enjoying-
ly at his own wit. llis good humor
was coming back. lie had spoiled his
neat little news budget, but he couldn't PIroi
have sent it anyway after that letter.
lle'd write and inform the editor of the
Eaglesville Home Journal that he'd
have to go to Dead Shot ranch. or some
such place, if lie was after blood and
thunder. They didn't grow in Still-
"Then I'll resign," quoth our special
correspondent loftily. "I'll let 'em put B A
that in their pipes and smoke it!" He
drew a sheet of paper toward him and SEPTIC USED
tendered his resignation in fitting lan- AND THE
guage that rolled from his pen-tip lux- GREAT FRIEND
rously. But the welcome clang of the T
dinner-bell prevented its being safely TO
inclosed in the envelope that was to MAN OR E EA 'I.
have borne the news budget. Our spe- / Pwnetrates quick. Stops
(.ial correspondent was hungry. He Pain at once.
leaped to his feet and hurried away.
Midget. the little tame mouse, had the RHEUMATISM OR
attic once more to her self.
In the afternoon the Eagleville RA
IIome Journal was forgotten in an im- WILL NOT STAY.
prompt fishing excursion that monop- Family size a- e
olized all the long. sunny hours until Horse size. 50e and $1
dark. Sylvy, being nothing but a girl,
was left at home to wander about, dis- loan's Pi eye F r d Dist er ar
consolate. She strayed up into the at- nkeye ever an i mper ure.
tic when all the other playgrounds
failed her and tiptoed across to the cor- SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
res.)ondery with a look of awe on her For Acclimating Green Horses and allHorse Fevers. Cures Inflam-
round little face. Sylvy had never felt
on quite the same familiar ground with nation of Kidney or Bladder.
Jeff since he had set up a literary stand so ;and $p per Bottle
and had "'Pieces" in the paper. That
Invested him with a distinct dignity.
"Oh, my!" Sylvy edged nearer, utter-
ing a little sound that stood for as-
tonishmnent. "Why, Jeffy hasn't sent .SLO N S
his piece yet! What'll they do if they
don't get it? They couldn't have any
paper. then." She was gazing admir-
ingly at the pages that were covered
with tile "tizzing" Stillwater news.
She could not read them, but she knew Stops Pe Instartly. No He Drerol'i~
they were lovely, and the idea of their 26 doses and good glass syringe in package $x.oo.
being wasted was not to be borne. No,
ilhey must go to the Eaglesville Home
Journal right away. She would mail Warranted cure taken or refunded.
them for .eeffy. It was half a mile to Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
the postotlice. and it was hot-my, how Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
hot! But that letter must go.
Sylvy refolded the sheets in the
creases Jeff lhad made the first time,
and tucked them carefully into the PRl PAIR D BY
addressed envelope besides them.
Then it was tlie work of a moment to D L 'S SLOAN,
seal thle letter. A R .
"I'll pay my two cents for the stamp
to it." thought Sylvy generously. "I Porrrm@rlyof St. Lets, PIo.
was going to buy two taffy sticks, but
never min. I'd a good dleni rather have BOSTON, A S V. S. A.
.Jhffy's uiece go."
The tip of the eastern wilhg of tilhe
little city of Eaglesville Wts usually brak ill scrvi:lllts. aind Gibbs fathers unun. Gibbs after Gibbs leaned over
spoken of as The Gibbs Neighborhood. callit, uJi town together at night. For and inspected the paragraph earnest-
The Gibbsless houses in it were rare s.) mall an area thile lumber of Gibbs ly.
exceptions. If thle people were not al- wa:ls Iemarkbil l. And there was a dis- "'Poor lomer!" one said. "He was
ready Gibbs. they had, as a rule, eith- tinllct 'family feeling" among them. too old to be up on ladders. tumbled
er onCe been Gibs. or would he some- They stoold by each other in joy or dis- down," cried another Gibbs dliapprov-
tilme. Gibbs babies were pushed up a;lter. ingly. but with an undertow of sym-
and down the neighborhood in peraimi- In'e nllrnling a wave: of excitement pathy flowing beneath the words.
bulators. (Gilb s boys and girls trailed swept.slowly over the Gtibbs neighbor- 'And precipitated him to the
linwillingly to school every morning, hIod. It begJn at oane end and travel- ground.' another read slowly. "But
ill crisp. clean aprons. and every after- ,.d from Idoor to door with Miss I.avinia you stee. I-aviny. it says he still lives.
noon. wllooped noisily home, unstarch- G;illh and tile EIglesville Home Jour- TI at is a comfort."
edl and soiled. Comely Gibbs matrons n11:. still tdaIllp from the press. Miss i "Ye-es." Miss Lavinia admitted
compared notes with each other on Lavinia held her forefinger glued to a gravely. "but you needn't tell me!
teething remedies and the best way to special pagragapli iln the Stillwater col- Homer Gibbs is either dead or next
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
thing to it He.isa't-the kind of man is kept at an even temperature of
to be 'precipitated' with impunity. :omut sixty-eight degrees. He has just
Poor Homer!" onel hundred vines. They are highly
"Poor Homer!" echoed the others fert:liizd. The pollens are distributed
heartily, and the exclamation rose in a Ihy a hive of bees. The vines, which
commiserating chorus from the Gibbs are' now eight or ten feet high, are
neighborhood. "I think we ought to trained on trellises.
do something," Miss Lavinia urged at I The seeds were planted about two
every door. "We're all Gibbses. and months ago and are now blossoming
it won't look right not to show our sym- andl bearing most prolifically.
pathy. What 1 would advise would I'p to date Mr. Winer has gathered
be for any and all of us that can to about six dozen fine cukess," and be.
ride over to Stillwater this afternoon fore the season is ended expects to
and call on Homer-or his folks." gather several hundred dozens. The
Miss Lavlnia's voice dropped solemn- price per dozen is very flattering, and
ly at the last three words, and tie Mr. Winer expects the prices not to
hearers nodded their understanding go materially below the present fig-
sadly. Of course, it was more than ulre's.
likely Homer was dead. From this little side investment, to
"Probably the notice was written a which he has only devoted a part of
day or two ago. In that case, we may his spare moments, Mr. Winer ex-
be there just at the-right time, you lects to swell his bank account in the
know," whispered Miss Lavania. "1 sum of several hundred dollars.
should be glad to have as many Gibbs- It is not only a source of profit but a
es as possible represented at the-at source of real enjoyment.-Ocala Ban-
a time like that, to show there was no ner.
family prejudice when it came to be- *
reavement." There is more Catarrh in this see-
That there had hitherto been a tion of the country than all other dis-
"family prejudice" against poor Hom- eases put together, and until the last
er, Miss Lavinia did not need to,ex- few years was supposed to be incur-
plain to any Gibbs. It was an old able. For a great many years doctors
trouble that reached back to Homers pronouncedd it a local disease, and Dre-
ancestors and had set him apart from scrilill local remedies, and by con-
the ancestors of the Gibbs neighbor- stantly failing to cure with local treat-
hood. There had been but the slight- mient. pronolliced it incurable. Science
est. stiffest intercourse between the has proven Catarrh to be a constitu-
third and fourth generations. lion:l disease, and, therefore, requires
That afternoon quiet little Stillwa- constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
ter was interrupted by a cross-stream tarrh Cure. manufactured by F. .1.
of vehicles that turned in, every one of ('heney & Co.. Toledo, Ohio, is the only
them, at Homer Gibb's driveway. The ronstitntional cure on the market. It
Stillwater people were amazed. A is taken internally in doses from 10
stream of Gibbses turning' in at Hom- drops to a teaspoonful. It acts direct-
er's! Was the world coming' to an end ly on the blood and mucous surfaces
before night? of the system. They offer one hundred
Miss I.avinia was in.the first team. dollars for any case it fails to cure.
Se descended heavily and knocked at Seil for circulars and testimonials.
Homer Gibbs's front door. The sol- Address,
emn stillness that pervaded the place F. J. (CIIENEY & CO, Toledo. O.
drew down the corners of her mouth Soldl by all druggists. 75c.
appropriately. A bright young girl ltall's Family Pills are the best.
answered her knock. To Miss Lavin- *
ia's displeasure she smiled. "Homer?" EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
breatled Miss Lavinia, softly, the rest TESTIFIES TO TIE MERITS OF
of the question in her serious face. SLOAN'S LINIMENT.
"We saw the notice in the paper, you Jackson. Miss.; May 5. 1900.
know, this morning. As many of us as I r. Earl Sloan. Boston, Mass..
could, came right over. When did he- Dear Sir:--Some months since your
er-was it attended with much suffer- traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins.
ing?" presented to me a few sample bottles
"My gracious!" ejaculated the girl in of your liniment, insisting that I give
the doorway. Then she added hastily, it a fair trial when occasion might de-
"Oh, I beg your pardon, but I don't mand. Since that time several instan-
know the least thing you are driving ces with tenants on my plantation re-
at. I'll call father. Father! He's quiring a remedy of this kind turned
shaving, but I guess he's about up, and must say with candor it act-
through. Fa-ther!" And before Miss ed like a charm and was perfectly
Lavinia or the gathering clan of Gibbs- marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
es could more than interchange an- it is a remedy that fully merits all that
tonished glances. Homer appeared be- is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
fore them. He looked rosy and plump cofnmend it to all people suffering with
and unbroken. "Precipitating" had ap- any complaint requiring antiseptic.
parently agreed with Homer! iSigned) Robert Lowry,
It was, after all, little Sylvy Crane Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
who came out worst, for Jeff scolded 0 0
her. "An' I paid my own two cents for ;OO IYE. SMIOKE HOUSE.
it." she sighed crestfallenly. Then.
with awakening spirit, "I wish I'd Krautr's Liquid Extract of Smoke
bought those two taffy sticks 'stead of
that postage stamp! Yes, I do, so Makes it Useless.
"Jeff, don't you scold that child!" 'h, slok' house always was a
Sylvy's mother interposed. "She did a source' of worrimient. vexation and ex-
good deal better thing than you real- pense. anyhow.
ize. She pieced the Gibbs family to- When it catches
gether, that's what Sylvy did. There W n i
they all sat down to the supper table fire let it go up
together as peaceable and happy as son mok There
many lambs. Homer says 'twas worth a better way to
tumbling off the roof-and getting smoke e a t s.
killed.-Anna Hamilton Donnell in That is by using
enn Hm Done in Krauser's Liquid Extract of Smoke.
Eenings at Home. It's been gaining in all parts of the
country for several years past and
Winter Cucumbers. there is no longer any doubt that it is
If one who is interested in things driving the smoke house out of busl-
horticultural wants to see something ness.
calculated to enthuse him, we invite Krauser's Liquid Extract of Smoke
him to pay a visit to the cucumber is made from selected hickory wood.
hothouse of Mr. C. A. Winer, in the It is applied to meat with a brush or
first ward, opposite the late residence sponge. It contains the same Ingredl-
of Dr. Marean, now occupied by Rev. ents that preserve meat that is smoked
Mr. Coleman, pastor of the Christian in the old way. It gives meat a dell-
church. cious. sweet flavor and gives perfect
The house is of Mr. Winer's own de- protection against insects and mould.
sign and construction and is twenty- It is cheaper and cleaner than the old
four feet wide by forty-eight feet long. way. Information concerning its use,
It is heated by a furnace, also of his Icost, etc., can be had by writing to the
own construction. The thermometer makers, E. Krauser & Bro., Milton, Pa.
I.War and N ow
1 FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHEL f I
4 insist ponhavig them, take no others and you wil get the bestshells that money c ly.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
$4.00 for $2.00!!
* Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AGRIlcU.T umsn you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new suaetribr
and $2 and we willsend you the following lipt of choice, Garden Seed from the catalogue ot
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ............ .... .10
New Stringless Green
Pod.... .............. .10
Dwarf German Black
Wax.......... .. .... 10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma ............ ... .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... ..... ....... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ........ .... .5
Early Summer.. ........ .5
Griffing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower. Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
Cucumbers. Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5
Egg Plant, Griflng's Improved
Thornless.. .......... .10
Lettuce, Big Boston............
Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .16
S Griffing's White Wax.....10
Peas, Alaska.. ........ ...... .0
Champion of England.... .10
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........5
Ruby King.......... .S
Radishes, Wonderful.......... .
Grifing's Earlr Sear-
let.. .... .. ..... ... .. JS
Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. .. .5
Tomatoes, Beauty........ .... .
Money Maker.. .... .. .
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. .5
Pomeranian White Globe
.. . .. s . . ... .
Ruta Bagas. Bloomsdale Swede.... .A
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premiumnfor One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
rLAND NURSES. P. J. BERCKMANS CO, Au. O..
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
SE E D Jacatville, Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Beed
and sets, Matchles Tomato, Valentine and Refigee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and
plants. fancy poultry, etc. Orange
and grape fruit trees a specialty....
The girl was very rich. and the
young man was poor, but honest. She
liked him. but that was all, and he
knew it. One night he had been a lit-
tle more tender than usual.
"You are very rich." he ventured.
"Yes," she replied, frankly. "I am
Summer and fall catalogue free upon
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO..
"And I am poor."
"Will you marry me?"
"I thought you wouldn't."
"Then why did you ask me?"
"Oh, just to see how a man tees
when he loses $1,250,000." tra
7 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKEB.
First Tramp-"Oh, yes! I've been co-
erced into votin' more'n wunst."
First Tramp-"Wit' two-dollar bills!"
Miss Gotrox-"But, .Clarence, papa
objects to you because you have to
work for a living."
Clarence-"Well, I won't after we are
Guest-'Pon my word, your chef is
a genius! How does he think of so
many new dishes.
Walter-Well, sometimes, sir, he
just changes the names of the old ones.
"Where did De Mathews get his
"He first met her in a department
"Oh, was she a bargain?"-Chicago
Darkley-A fox oughter make a good
"Why, look how fond he is oh chick.
"Isn't that Mercury?" inquired a man
at the hotel, indicating a statue on a
pedestal In the corridor.
"Bless your heart, no sir," answered
the intelligent attendent bell boy, it's
only plaster of paris."
O'Hoolahan-"O'Callahan, do you be-
lieve that thirteen is an unlucky num-
O'Callahan (sadly)-"Yis! Faith,
I've been unlucky iver since Oi hod
moy thirteenth birthday!"
Stubb-He is either a bartender or
"He named his twins Tom and Jer-
ry."-Chicago Daily News.
Nell-I dreamed of Jack last night.
Bell (maliciously)-I'll tell him of
Nell-Yes, I dreamed that he propos-
ed to you, and that you accepted him.
"Yesterday our Literary club dis-
cussed 'Conversation as a Lost Art.' "
"What was the final decision?"
"Oh, such a hubbub arose that no-
body heard what anybody said."-In.
Nell (excitedly)-"Here's a telegram
rom Jack Punter of the Varsity team."
Belle-"What's it say?"
Nell-"It says: 'Nose broken. How
do you prefer it set-Greek or Ro.
Rube-"Well, Mandy, hyar we be in
town. Anything ye water see, par-
Mandy-"My land! Rube. I jess
would love tew go through the money
He-"And so she's married! Ah, well!
I used to have a soft spot in my heart
for her myself."
8he-"Indeed! Everybody else al-
ways supposed It was in your head."-
"Oh, Harold, we had such a lovely
club talk today on 'Questions of the
'Questions of the Hour?' Say, Ju-
dith, have you found out yet whether
I have any winter flannels left over?"
"Yes," said Mr. Henpeq, "I. too, have
my favorite flowers."
"And what may they be, pray?"
sneered his wife.
"They are the ones that 'shut up'
at night,' he bravely managed to ar-
At breakfast the mistress observed
the unwonted demeanor of the maid
"Where is your customary assurance
this morning, Marie?" she asked.
"Oh, the policeman on the beat
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
IN EVERY CLIME
TESTIFY TO THE SUPERIORITY OP
Our 190o Catalogue of
Everything t Garden
is a 19-page book, 9xll iaches, cetaisiag
ever m7 eagravlgs aad 8 superb colored
platesof Vegetablesand Flowers-a perfect
mine of information on garden topics.
To give our Catalogue the largest possible di.
tribution. we make the following liberal offer:
Every Empty Envelope
Counts as Cash.
To every one who will state where this
advertisement was seen,and who incloses
us I Cents (in stamps), we will mail the
Catalogue, and also send, free of charge,
our famous 50-cent "Gardea" Collection
of seeds, containing one packet each of
Jobilee Phlox, Giant Victoria Aster, Giant Fancy
Pansy, Pink Plume Celery, Mignonette Lettuce.
and lorillard Tomato, in a red envelope,
which when emptied and returned will be
accepted s a 25-cet cash payment on any
order of goods selected from Catalogue
to the amount of $i.oo and upward.
35 & 37 Cortlandt Street, New York,
pinched my cheeks last evening," re-
plied the maid, looking slyly down.-
Jack-"Who is that fine-looking girl
that just bowed to you?"
Tom (gloomnily)-"Oh, she's my sis-
Jack--"Whly. old chap, I wasn't
aware that you had a sister."
Tom-"I didn't know it myself until
last night."-Chicago News.
The watering carts of a certain Irish
town are decorated with patent medi-
cine advertisements. An innocent Irish.
man from the rural districts looked at
one the other (lay, and remarked,-
"Faith, it's no wonder D- is
healthy, when they water the streets
with Jones' Sarsaparilla!"
Scene, cab stand near London. Lady,
distributing tracts, hands one to cabby,
who glances at it, hands it back and
"Thank you, lady, but I'm a married
Lady nervously looks at the title and,
reading, Abide with me, hurriedly de-
parts to the great amusement of cab-
He was one of the smart men who
like to show their cleverness.
"Watch me take a tuck out of him,"
he said as the vagrant approached.
Then he listened solemnly to the tale
of hard luck.
"That's the same old story you told
me the last time you accosted me,"
he said, when the vagrant had finished.
"Is it?" was the answering question.
"When did I tell it to you?"
"Mebbe I dlid. mebbe I did," admit.
ted the hobo. "I'd forgotten meeting
you. I was in the Bridewell all last
week."-Chicago Evening Post.
* Berthla -- a small Columbus
maid spent the past summer months
in the country. One day she and her
mother were walking when Bertha,
running ahead, discovered something
in the road which she had never seen
before. As she ran back to summon
her imamntia, she cried out shrilly:
"Hurry, manuma, an' see wot I've
"What is it, Bertha?" asked the
"Why, mamma," replied Bertha, "it's
nufflin' with a tail to it."
Little Bertha's nothingn with a tail
to it" proved to be a very small snake
rippling its way across the road.-
Ohio State Journal.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
BY LAND AND SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
BOSTON AND THE EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Bxpreqs Steamships. sailing from Savannah. Pour shis each week
o New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or 8ound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write lor
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASANTSM. Gen Fr. & *Pa. Agt., WALTER HAWKIN, Gel Agt.
New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 w Bay St.. Jacksonville. Fla
The Great Througa Car Line From Florida.
THE ATPANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles on,
To The Richmpond.and.Washington.
lumbl and Washington.
via All eaU
The Southbern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Lotilville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevt:l
The MoWle & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
Via SayVpnah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
To Trie York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
tion tp&pany7 for Baltimore.
To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
HAVANA STEAIfSmP CO.
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
PINCAE BRET & STIBAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
ISNC EDW D and Charlottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NO4THERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLOUP A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited p return until May 31st, with liberal stop
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFtO RMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
For Information as to rates, sleepltg-c ar services. reservations, etc, write to
F. M. JOLLY, Iiv ison Passenger Agent.
138 West Bay Street. A#er Block, Jackorlle, Florida.
W. B. DiNHAM, B. WI WRENN,
Gen. Spt. Pas. Trame Mngr.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 79
During the year 1900, 1,200 bales of
tobacco, weighing in the aggregate 1,-
165,250 pounds, were received at Key
Atlantic Beach is the name decid-
ed upon, instead of Atlantic City, for
the new town established on the May-
port division of the Florida East Coast
Ry. This change of alone was made
because it was feared Atlantic City,
Florida, would be confounded with At-
lantic City, N. J.
Sanford lettuce growers are reaping
a harvest this year. Telegrams Mon.
day reported sales at $4.50 per basket
in New York. For the past two weeks
the prices have ranged from $2.75 to
$3.75. The shipments have been heavy,
and are now nearly over.
Another immense lawsuit has grown
out of the tangled condition of the af-
fairs of the Ybor City land and Im.
proveluent Company. The total amount
of the suit is 30.0,000, and has been
filed in the Circuit Court of Hillsboro
county. This suit was tiled by Spark-
man & Carter, attorneys for the com-
pany, and was at the instance of the
directors of the company. The suits
are directed against Edward Manrara
and George T. Chamberlain, and are
for li0u,ouu each, and are to recover
that value claimed to be due the com-
pany by these two officers of the com.
pany, who resigned last week, and have
been succeeded by others.-Tampa cor.
T.-U. & C.
Capt. James McKay today furnished
us tue following statement of ship-
ments of Florida cattle by his vessels
anuita and Nealley during the year
1U9M. Captain McKay estimates that
his boats moved two-thirds of the Flor-
ida cattle to Cuba shipped during the
year. '1he total shipments by his ves-
sels were 21,4-., and estimating this as
two-thirds of the shipment would bring
the total up to 32,264. Capt. McKay
estimates that the average value of the
cattle on board at the point of ship.
ment was $14.50. This would make
the total value of the cattle shipped
by his vessels $321,500, and the total
value of the Florida cattle shipped to
Cuba during the year $4S2,340.-Tam-
Owing to the flagrant and glaring
Injustice done our town by the official
census returns, which gave us a popu-
lation of only about hve hundred, it
was decided at a recent meeting of
our city fathers to have a local count
made, and $V. E. Glenn was appointed
to do the work. The result shows a
bona-nde residence population of 1,292,
trauasents and visitors, or the "float-
ing population" not counted. This is
very satisfactory showing for our
little city and is authentic. Why the
nustake in the official count was made
we to not know, but it was certainly
an egregious one, and our people all
appreciate the successful effort made
by our worthy mayor and the city
council to put our little city right in
the eyes of the world.-L.ee Worth
Hon. H. S. Elliott, state statistician,
at Tallahassee, has received reports
from the United States custom house
authorities at the several Florida ports
which furnish evidence that the phos-
phate mining industries in this state
are increasing greatly in magnitude.
For several years Florida has surpass-
ed all the other states in the output
of phosphates, and the extent of the
deposits of this rock is not known even
yet, although prospecting has been car-
ried on constantly for the past ten
years. The official figures received by
Mr. Elliott cover the eleven months
from January 1, 1900 to December 1,
10W0, and show that Florida hard rock
and pebble phosphates have been ex.
ported from the several ports during
that period as follows: Tampa, 205,-
002 tons; Key West, 38,008 tons; Fer-
nandina, 168,020 tons; Pensacola, 132,-
987 tons. The state statistician also
has reliable Information showing that
about 80,000 tons were exported from
Punta Gorda, on the Gulf coast, and
Pulls an ordinary grub in 1% minutes.
HA WKEYE STUMP PUZLLERl, U"."N-
Ma kaams a Olamw SWwV of Two Aoefs at a SHi Og.
SAman, aboy and a horsecan operate t. No heavy chains or rods to handle. You cannot longer afford
4] /*/p- to pay taxes on unproductive timber land. Illustrated catalogue FREB, giving prices, terms and testi-
\ monials, also ull information cocerning our I. X. L- Ormbber. Ire. GlaWt Grub a n Stuomp
Slachisel, -horse Hawkeye and other appliances for
-clearing timber land.A FOR
.; 862!N,,,E ,B rcs eos. F U
MIUIN MGi CO.. 8th ST. MOIMOUTH.U. S mD P~IrC.T.au.
FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.
T n I'able No. 29. In irfect Jan. 15, 191)1.
ofk 1 HHiAtihbI arReal Down., (Read Up) I
IN.. N.. ,,.i. N...i No. O I No.4,No,2> lNo.AI No.78 No.74
Daily~ DaIm 1ii -iiiv DIaily. Daily Daily.Daily Daily MAIN LINK SOHEDULJL Daly Uaily
.x __ 1 .i rXx. e. Sr
:l. 41 p p al 2 25p 940aL ...... Jaclonville ........Ar 7 p 7 25p
84opl 7:IUp at(, i cU1iii p' c 30 0 S lip 5lO3Ua Ar..... St. Augustine...... Lt 5Sup 25p
Vr Si I"u Slp lOSaim Lv. .... St Augustine....... Ar 65p ftp
No. 35, N ara Mail JDaily. a e % 1 p .. ....... HastRoi ......... L Slip.
Makes locaily ) ,toe (p II" 43la ........ Eat Palatkal ......... 4 58p 54p
*sa l oc an. It car- 85.- 9p Iip .........Orond p4...........1 4 4
ric F. C. Hy. Het Par-- 3 29 ; ayn& .i 1
lor(Var. 1 w .29p 4 1........2p otonal 529 42.*
N I 2ivpeyor lln .. ....p. ..Port Orange ..i....... a 1 4 lp
No" ., C or xa. tlooart Spe-3 5 47 p .. ...... Ne rrt in r.. ..... 3. -V 3 Sip5
Fat Train. Stop. only at W 1Sp .Ne m a. 8I3p 3 56
tatons .n 2id lp .. ......... Oak ll ......... 2
stations shown ticd nirieo Pa rlr 4 5 44 5p Titusille 2Mo-- Ste
.ia. y. l 5 16 Sp .....o. oem n .. ....... a
M e. 3 1 Vc v T : a- ': l ind n lr i d L 1 "p 4e l b o rn a e . .. . 1 2sbp 1 l Ep
lis Daily 112m .).. .P 4 24P.......... l e IS
wad ii Y a A ela P .......... ..11 4
New Yrk A 4.lutiun ,n se -HotelRol .n... ......o.s. a ii
via ,nthrl lwn. Clu- 5 ? 0i ........Sebastian ....... 11 31
Iam-- Pin..v.ly if lillmou,.- S........ Lucie .......... 1045a
No. 37. lic Yor ad nFlorida Spe- '.a A 6 295 p .. r ~e......bba ..... 10 ..
i iy Exceipt Ml aye 6 ........... e............
viae Traals o ot 7p whre tI.e .. e. s ws.
man Atanta.u 6 .ex- ...... .tuart...........9
Puilinaii 'iv 7181 .. Hobe Sound .
NoJ.43, Floai ani Xe:ropealtab.2 im 8 i7p Ar W.t PamBac 3a 091
Lim:ted Snip Ar lWt PalmReach 'Jlpa (Olin
-. wf. 9 l0 p Hotel Roval Poineiana 8525a 12LD&
New- Y,-rk ;-,'-t A9 Litine16 1.5p 25p Lv The Breakers .........85ja I isa
via `alysrnl X it- ilfle.. Coul. -2 .i b p s Wet PalmBeach ....Ar 80s% 955a
= .. .bynton .L.. 728.
No. 93, Chicago and aLim- a0 ip Fort Lan erdale.... 6a
Chi' "IL)CII.. S. .Augustine. ": 1 lip j -Alp A r Miami 5... a 8.1..
Monigtmory. Ompo.l I P-xi 4
Mi. 11. Chicago and Florida Sstipai Ea
Chi,., to, 't AuguWstiel -41 Trains do net atop whter time it not shoiw.
via Ciwii'nnati. Chattano ..-
and Atlanta. (ioinponed Wx W.,
clusively ..f Pullman Cars. .
E-, R V
No.SiNo U lN 44 No.K ao.N
Daily I Daily Daily Daily IDaily
No. 7 irHmam Nil (Il,).
Makes local stopa ea-r.
ries P.I 0 "By. Etaffet Par-
Nr. 7t, A. 0. zlnfm (aly).
via Athlan al Ond O ime
Jr. F. 0. By. Buffet Parlor
Cuom ed ul
go. 2 NowTof*ad IIMA -
(Dilny 1100% sua**i.
via Southern Railway. 001m
nosed exclusively of Pullma
Io. 38, oM at noll MiaM *
a (Day ).
St. Augustie to NweoM
via Atlantis oast Lte.
Composed eof luadvey o
No. 1(4. lran Mbsnln
D ly a (MY).
St. Augustine to nmw York
via Seaboard Air line. CaI-
posed excluively of Paltan
S(. Augustine to C(-la
and EvansvIlle. ompomsd -
elusively of Pullman Oar.
1o. 16. dUcilo d -1 Uj I
(Daily Except Sunday).
St. Aiurstine to UB111,
via Atianta. Chattanooga
and Cincinnati. omspaet
exclusively of Pullman Oar.
SCHEDULE OF BRANCH LINES.
MAYVI') r IIBRANCH.
No.97 No.7 No... No5 Noln No.8 No.26
Sun Daily Sun Daily Daily Daily Sun
only exyu only ex.mu exSu only
S40p 60p 21p 85IatLv Jacksonville. .Ar 6S50a 5 6 600p
6p 608p 2 0>( 82a* So. Jacksonville Lv A l4a p 52p
71ip 645p ;I.-i' SU Pablo. Beach... ** l6a p 6p..
720p 6 40p .'4Up 55N. Atlantic Bech.. 5 a' 4 sl2p
74Ip 7 T(p :4. l 9 15 A. Mayport .. Lv 5JaU 4 35p 5 ...
ITF 111 B LI^ C n t v ~t -, _ ^ _-^^ .
All trains Daily.
XNo. l5 No4No.47No. NNo. 4No N
6 p 4 Up 1 llolaLv.... Paatka .... Arltil0
.5 p 11 2Ill 5aAr REst Pala ka Lvo10 46a 11e0a 21S4 1Q
SoSAN MATBO BRANCH, All Trains Daily N"o. 2N
6s0p .... asi 4ae ...v ..... ... 1Arv 10 a
70p'lUOI alAr ........ SnMateo...... to.....Lv10 S 7
rAN Ait sra. indaily eBxcept ounuay. Noi- no. Nil. I ORANGE CITY BRANCH. No 64
7 uuLv............ ....... tuvl .......ville.. ..... .....Ar l.p ip All trains Daily Except Sunday. -
ml-' ..... ... ........... Mims .......................... 2p 4 ]0l lLv............ New Smyrna. ......... r T1
=I M im:::::::: ;::::: :;:.;; ::::::::::: 2 p New Smyrn . .. A
S I' ......... ................. O teen ......................... 11" p ..... ......... Lake Helen ............... Lv p S
8 0 ............. .... E... terpris ...... ........ l .. 5..II Oran Cit ................
9 Ar .................... anford......... .... .L Il o p II Ar. ...e ty unetion. .........
PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT IIAXI.
MIAMI-NASSAU LINE. 311AMI-.IAVANA LINE.
SAILINGS JAN. 3 to FEB. 3. 1901: I fS(ALI'yNG EFmtTlVE Jan 16:
1,eavMmnn M ondays and Thurd!ys .llPl HAVANA, I Leave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays.... U S0p
leav. Muaon MAondaysand Trsdays II C0p HAVANA, adW6 eMi
Arrive Nas.sau Tuesdays and Fridays 3p Arrive Havana Mondays and Thursdays.... 8 0p
eave Nitst U Wednesdays and saturday 2up Cb. Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays........ 12 Oln
Arivy. Mimi Thursdays and udand S0das I Arrive Miami Wednesdays ands aturdty .. 5 ola
MIAMI-KEY WE 4 IINE.
SAILIN(iS FEB 4 to MARCH 31: fSAILINNGSS EFFETrv Jan. 14:
leave MiHmi Mona, Wads. and Fri ... ET WEST I Lave Mmi Mon. weds and Frlo ........
Arrive Nas-au Tues., Thurs. and Sats ...6 (T Le veMami Mones.a, Wes and Fris .... Ip5
LelopE EST, Arrive Key West Tues., Thus. and Rato. 2Wp
Ilave Nassau Tues., Thurs. and Sate .... Florirda. LeavKe Wet Tues., Thus. and a .....
Arrive Miami Weds., Fris and Suns va I Are Miami Weds., Fris. and Suns.......
For copy of local time card address any Agent.
.. P. BDCKWITH, Trae Manag ST. AUGUSTINE. FLA. J. D. RANNER.Asst. Gen. Pas. Agent.
something over 100).f010 tons were car-
ried by rail to Savannahli ind Bruns-
wick, (;a.. and shipped from those
ports. The exports of Florida phos-
phates for the entire year of 1WK0 is
estimated at about HW).XW)O tons.--Ocala
The report fr m the United States
hind ottice at Gainesville. for the quar-
ter ending December 31. 1!XnO, shows
the following business transacted:
Seven commuted homestead entries,
embracing 980.27 acres; sixty-three
excess cost entries, embracing 41.44
acres: 223 homestead entries. embrac-
ing 27."81.R4 acres: 194 final proof
homestead entries. embracing 24.521..k)
:erc*: five school indemnities, em-
biraeing 1:.81.!U."2 acres. The business
of the officee is well under management.
and shows a steady increase. The
volume of business is larger now than
it has been for some years past.-Ex.
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
66asWn9er Iler olee.
FTorida To make dlosnt -nne-
FlOrida tons with steme. leave
New Yo k Jacksonville (Unk. de-
e'w York pot) Thursdays 1020 m.
Phila- (8. A.L. By.) or Fer. nm-
dlna 1:30p. i., via OLn-
delphia & berland steamer; (misekl
iaen route) or "all rail" via
Sosto Plant System at 2:00 p. m.,
os n ar. Brunswck 6:00 p. m.
l passengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to i"r g l directly aboard steam
New York. o 1 er.
PiOlOlMB RAILINGS for Feb.. 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.... ....... ... ... .. ........... February 1
8. 8. RIO GRANDE ............ .. .................February 8
8. 8. COLORADO ........................... February 15
S. S. RIO GRANDE......... ........ ..............February 22
For lowest rates. reaervatons and full Informatlon apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. 8. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY 00.. General Agents, Pier 21, R New York.
All trains Daily.
SCHEDULE 0P BRANCH LINES.
so THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
s Time=Tried and Crop-Tested! A
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE.
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK.
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides ges
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertlliing and insecticide
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Gre So Heavy, others here speak of trying it this fall
I. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla. after seeing what it has done.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill- A. B. Torrey.
er bought from you about the first of Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew -Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine. E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
30 feet by 120 at one application. I ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
shall want some more a little later for tres for the past fifteen years and I
same lawn, as I think they need some- must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
thing of this kind in spring and fall. brand has given the most satisfactory
My lawn is St. Lucle grass and has cer- results and I would use no other.
tainly done well with your fertilizer, A. H. Brown.
best of any lawn in our town. Some Manatee. Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
= = = Jacksonville, Fla.
Beyond Xy Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves In my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
f. O. Painter & Co., Jacksosville, Fle.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Soeed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THi IDRFA ATI" BR ANDS-
Sr HAVE TH ES E. ""
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$30.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.o per ton
AL POTATO MANURE er t IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.... $8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ .$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. i.................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER..................... $2oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZR COMPANY,
Ws Wet Brad Bood ad Dom, 18.00 per t. Damavaland Guano The Ideal Tobaeco Fartliser. S4.00 per to.