The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00056
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: January 23, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00056
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text


Vol. XXVIII, No. 4.

Boot not.
A41tor Florid. Agrlculturist:
This is a disease of the peach and the
fig, together with the cowpea and many
other plants called by various popular
names, as "die-back," "lightening
struck," "root dropsy," "club foot," etc.
Plants will come up all right, then
presently turn yellow and die. It is
caused by a minute worm called IIet-
erodera radiclcola, or root knot para-
The presence of these worms in the
plant excites cell growth in the soft
tissues, resulting in a structure having
very little vitality, something like a
human cancerous growth or the nut-
gall of the oak, the bedeguar of the
rose or the peculiar leaf growth seen
on the golden rod. The soft, spongy
tissue becomes a mass of worms and
speedily decays, cutting off the smaller
fibers and spongioles, and the tree
There is a good deal of variation in
the disease, as shown in the different
trees. The peach roots near the sur.
face become club-shaped, a foot below
the surface they are very knotty-in
hard clay. while in sand or yellow soil
these knots are scattering. In poor
land the peach has a fair showing,
provided the fertilizer used is phos.
phate, kainit or potash, without hu-
mus or vegetable debris. This was
shown in a marked degree in a case
in which trees around a barn had knot.
ty roots next to the barn, while the
opposite side had been heavily manur-
ed with ashes and had fibrous healthy
The fig and the mulberry act alike,
the roots are often like strings of
beads; but if they are on poor soil and
live until the roots reach clay or yel-
low sand, they usually rally and out-
live the disease. This is also true in
some degree of the peach if it is plant-
ed deep, and with either clay or sub-
soil packed around it, it has a far bet-
ter chance of life than if treated in
the usual way.
There can be little doubt that Infec-
tion takes place by contact There was
a case in which some small trees were
"heeled In" for a few hours in land that
was full of the root knot parasites;
these were transplanted to a spot
known to be clear of pests, yet every
tree had contracted the disease. Again,
a tree from infected ground was plant.
ed; in two years the infection had
spread In every direction for fifty feet,
as was shown by terminal roots of ad-
Jasent trees. In a nursery which was
well eared for we have seen a half
dosen spots fenced in where the root-
knot had developed in a single tree,
which had been destroyed and the spot
surrounded with a fence to prevent the
Infection from being scattered by the
As a rule the plum and the wild cher-
ry, the diamond willow, blackberry
and scuppernong resist this parasite,
although in very rich damp and old
pIaNd aM these become to some extent

Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Jan. 23, 1901.

the victims of this disease, but not so
much as tle peach.
The roots of the weeping willow be-
comes hideous great mllases of fun-
gus with brittle roots utterly valueless
for growth and nutrition of the trunk.
The practical point is, what can we
do to prevent or destroy this parasite?
Prevention .is easier than cure. One
measure of prevention is to avoid grow-
ing the cowpea. beggarweed or velvet
bean in land intended for an orchard.
Pine knots are supposed by some to
have the power of preventing the
spread of the infection, but this is very
doubtful. Dig large holes and fill them
with clay--ome say that pure muck is
also exempt-then plant the frees in
these beds of clay and they will act as
a preventive. Fertilize only with min-
eral manures. especially those having
a large percentage of potash, or un-
leached hardwood ashes. Kainit is use-
ful as a preventive. It is believed by
some (If the best growers of Florida
that. if iwachl trees are kept well nour-
ished anll strong on chemical fertili-
zers, they will not be able to endure
the parasites, what few attack them,
flourish and bear fruit and live to a
good old age. S.
Some growers object to kainit or mu.
rate of potash tbing used on peach
trees on account of the chlorine they
contain. Who has tried them sufficient.
ly to know tile effects?-Ed.

The Tomato.
The tomato is a vegetable of rather
recent origin. It was first known as
the "love apple." It was either thought
to possess some poisonous property, or
else it was unfit for food.
Only within the last half century has
it been cultivated to any considerable
extent for table use. It is now regard-
ed as a staple vegetable, and it would
be hard to find a garden in which
there is not a plat set side for the to-
mato. It is the leading market vege.
table for truck farmers.
The tomato is a tender annual. It
may be propagated either from seed
or from cuttings. Cuttings are easily
rooted in sand or in mellow soil. The
usual method of growing plants is from
seed. To obtain early fruit the seed
are planted in the hot-bed early in
January. When the plants are three
to four inches high they should be
carefully transplanted to the cold
frame. In the cold frame the plants are
set from three to four inches apart
each way, and a little deeper In the
soil than they were in the hot-bed. This
distance between the plant allows room
to stir the soil in case it becomes hard
and compact. It also allows room for
the proper development of roots and
leaves. As the plants are to remain in
the cold frame from the time of trans-
planting until it is safe to plant out
of doors, it is very necessary that they
should be carefully watched. If the
weather is windy or too bright, shade
for two or three days after setting
plants in cold frame.
The canvas will shed the water va

through the heaviest rainfall, if it is
well stretched over the frame. The bed
should be kept moist but not wet. It
is better for the health of the tomato
.plants to give too little rather than
too much water. When it becomes nec-
essary to water, wet thoroughly so
that the work will not have to be re-
peated too often. Withhold water if a
cold snap is pending.
Plants will stand more cold when
dry than when wet. To be safe dur-
ing severe cold weather, matting or
straw of some kind or of some mater-
ial that may be quickly added to the
canvas should be near at hand.
On the approach of cold weather
fasten the canvas down tightly so that
there are no little openings anywhere
along the edges or sides of the frame,
and over the canvas out on as much
covering as may be necessary to pre-
vent freezing beneath. See that the
covering is a little thicker over the
edges than over the middle of the
frame. As the weather moderates take
off the covering gradually. Sudden
freezing and sudden thawing is worse
than a gradual change. Be careful also,
to admit light and fresh air gradually
after the plants have. been confined
several days under heavy cover. While
the canvas and other protecting ma-
terials are necessary to protect from
bad.weather, every precaution must be
observed to give the plants plenty of
fresh air and sunshine when possible
to do so without Injury to the plants.
Well developed cold frame plants
will stand a light frost; so if the
weather is favorable, and the soil is
reasonably warm and dry, a few to-
mato plants may be transplanted to
open ground after the last week in
March or the first week in April. It is
safer, however, to wait until the 5th
or the 10th of April for the main
planting. While it is well to have
pretty good soil for tomatoes, it need
not be so rich as for cabbage or cauli-
A thoroughly drained soil Is a neces-
sity for very early tomatoes. When the
land has been well prepared, make
open furrows, say about four feet
set. In this case the plants topped will
apart. Two or three hours before trans-
planting the cold frame should be well-
watered. This is necessary to make the
soil'stick to the roots of the plants.
Each plant should be taken from the
cold frame with a block of earth at-
tached to the roots. This block of

earth should be about as large as your
two fists. An easy way to shape them
is to cut out the sides with a butcher
knife, or a trowel. These blocks are
then placed on a hand barrow and are
carried to the planting ground.
When the ground where the plants
are to be set is reached, carefully lift
each block from the hand-barrow,
plant It in the open ground which was
prepared to receive the.plants. The
plants should be from two feet to
thirty inches apart in the row. Now
draw the soil nicely around the plants,
leaving each one set a little deeper
than It stood In the cold frame. Prop.
early planted the soil should fill the fur-
rows full and leave the plants on
slightly elated mrow. Tralaated

Whole No. 1408

carefully as just described, I have
seen tomato plants with blooms and
clusters of frllts on them stand the
operation without wilting or without
shedding bloom or fruit. With good
blocks of earth to each plant it matters
not what time of day planting is done.
If very early, large tomatoes are want-
ed, the vines should be pruned. It
pruned to one stem a stake about four
feet high is placed about three or four
inches from each plant. Drive the
stake deep enough in the soil to hold
Prunii!g should begin as soon as the
suckers begin to form. A sucker is a
branch that forms just above the leaf.
It Is much better to remove the suck-
ers while small than to delay until
they have made considerable growth
and sapped the plant of food that
would otherwise have gone to strength-
en the !rlant and nourish the fruit.
When the plants begin to grow top-
heavy, they should be tied to the
stake. It may be necessary to make
three or four ties to each plant. Each
time that you tie place the string
as near the top of the plant as possible.
The stem will soon grow sufficiently
strong where the last tie was made
to properly support the plant. Loosely
twisted cord or some soft material Is
better for tying than tightly twisted
The truck grower uses a suitable
twine whicl is made for the purpose.
Someti-rcs the fruit is hastened to ma-
turity by topping the plant as soon
as three or four fruit clusters are well
grow no taller, and no more fruit
clusters will form. The whole energy
of the plant is then directed towards
develolnrg a few tomatoes. Where this
close pruning and topping is done the
plants may stand closer together in
the row than the distance given below.
Plants treated as just described should
ripen tomatoes by the first of May.
The tomato may be served ripe or
green, raw or cooked, alone or mixed
with other vegetables. It is excellent
food for fowls, cattle or hogs. Of the
many e-,cellent varieties it is difficult
to say which is the best for market.
You cannot go amiss by planting an)
of the following: Dwarf Champion,
Acme, Beauty, Paragon or Favorite.
For fall crop select some kind that will
stand dry and hot weather. No gar-
den is complete without the tomato. No
vegetable dinner is complete without
the tomato unless in some form it is
present. As a market vegetable the to-
mato leads the list in this state. The to
mato properly graded and packed will
reach any market in the United States
in good shape. Our Texas tomatoes are
known in all the leading markets, north
and west. What is known as the four-
basket crate is the favorite tomato
package lwre for shipping purposes.
Each crate holds four baskets. Not
many vegetables may be so easily
graded and so nicely crated as the to.
mato. Tomatoes should be graded ;,
follows: No. 1, All nice, large, of even
ripeness, but not too ripe if going a
long distance, but well colored. No. 2.
The next to your larger ones asonal
be the sea etr g men m1E


even ripeness, not too green or too ripe. without plenty of cisterns or wells. To
The great trouble with the inexperl- make buildings beautiful, even the
enred packers is crating green and plainest of them, is not difficult. It Is
ripe fruit together. This should le not necessary for the farmer to spend
avoided, as the ripe fruit will rot be- a large amount of money in buildings.
fore the green ripens. Those classed Ilet hlim consider the remarkable ad-
as ripe are well colored, but not suffi- vantage that comes from covering plain
ciently ripe to be soft. Those classed buildings with grape vines and roses.
as green are just about grown and be- These can be obtained of varieties that
ginning to color. The art in packing will give him flowers and fruit all the
lies in the ability to grade nicely both se:asoan through. It is not Impossible to
as to size and color. and to so place the gn other even a marketable crop of grapes
tomato in the baskets as to make thelm off from your farm buildings. The fol'-
show to the best advantage. On some age does not injure your house or in-
large trucking farils two sets of hands crease the dampness; but on the con-
are employed during the tomato har- trary takes up the moisture of the soil
vest; one to gather from the fieltls. til' and illmproves the wholesomeness of the
other to assort, lpck and nail up the air. The French peasantry and the
crates. When the fruit begins to ripen Swiss know better how to create beau-
freely. it is necessary to go over tl< tiful iholmes than we Americans d6.
patch carefully every day so that no Eve-r house is unique, simple, adjlsr-
tomatoes will get too ripe. I1 to its position and empowered with
(lathering is done in baskets tiat fruit and tfowers.--rairie Farmer.
hold alout a half a bushel each. To- I *
matoes should not Iw poured from one Sun Baths for Horses.
basket or box to another. WIhen thieyv Sunshine is needed to keep horses in
reach the lpacking house they aie vigorous health and spirits. To keep
spread out on broad tallies and n are
then ready for tie packer. Duringl tihell shut up in a dark stable month in
rainy weather or when tomatoes are anIl iionth out is not the right treat-
dirty they should hi, wiped -.ry Ianl Iment. Jos. Sairn Siimpson gives as one
clean before they are pal :1'iil. An .%Hir,,
should yield from a himunreI to two .11Sse of the superiority of California
hundred bushels of salable tomatoes. Ilhrses the vivifying effects of the rays
Frequently three to four hunllred of tihe sun of that climate. He claims
bushels are raised on werel prepared l tl hel superior nerve force of Cali-
soil. Tomato blight is now tile great- fornia horses is attributable in a large
est drawback in growing tomatoes. No ien:,-ur, to the bright rays of the sun.
remedy as yet has been found. Toma- In Ii i: nltual state the horse has abun-
toes grown and handled as herein de- t lit fr air a bright
scribed can be made one of the most sunsllin. il, n derived of these igh
profitable crops to tile truck grower.-- of
Dallas Weekly News. e1te-arily loses a part of Iris vigor.
la, W I colinettioni with every stable there
Earm Homes. should be a lot protected in winter as
ea outs iii ,, .m'eli 1a Imlfssilile from the penetrating
We wish to enclose the sentiments ex- u h ssihle from the penetrating
eilnds in which stable horses may be
pressed in the following selection. It is turned to obtain sun baths and pure
a fact that farmers as a general rule', ir and nie,dtl exercise-whether the
do not think enough about beautify- oit' r art' ldiven or not. In this lot
ing the grounds about the home It ishor a rll o ot thsl
true they have to work early and latr- they (h'ilu roll Ind disport themselves
to earn their livelihood, but there lre of hours enjoyed by each horse daily
moments that they may devote to this f lours eyed by each horse daily
work and they will soon be surprised will Irove very healthful and invigor-
work, and they will soon ti surprised lting. The Itural World most earnest.
at what they can necomplish. Would i Torld mst earnest
ly rc-onlniends to stable men the ne-
that all our farmers think seriously on c s to te en
these matters, and not only think, but c.essity of a lot on the south side of the
act. stall if possible, into which horses
While traveling about the country I lly be turned on pleasant days to se.
am not only delighted at the exceeding cire sun Ibmths and fresh air and free-
beauty of some farm homesteads, but (lo1r from restraint.-Rural World.
am astounded at the wretched barren- 0
ness which characterizes the surround- Breeding Age for Heiters.
Wings of most of them. It is a fact that There seems to be present In the
by far the majority of farm houses are miinds of most dairy farmers two ideas,
repulsive. This is true in increased de-
gree when we approach the barns and wlhe they come to consider the ques.
outhouses. Not a thought has been tion of the right time to. breed a heifer
given to the beautiful or even to the for her first calf.
decent. The cattle are miserable and the 'hose who have thought the most
surroundings detestable. The barnyard
Is a slough of mud and manure, and thoroughly on the subject generally
the adjacent lots are full of rubbish, agree that the main consideration to be
farm tools, broken limbs, stone piles kept in the mind is to start the work-
and whatever else needs proper sorting ing of t tlmaternal organs at an early
and storage. Here we find everything a,,e. so that the internal development
in disagreeable conjunction and vuder- of the cow shall be along the line of
going decay. Around tile honls there milk giving. They realize that there
are no trees at all, or possibly a few is a large chance that the development
uncared for and wretched samples of of flesh making will overwhelm the
locusts or half-dead maples. This is not tendency to milk secretion unless the
agriculture in any sense of the word; lheifer is started on that road at a
it is degeneration, degradation and the .utffiiently early age. So with men
highway to poverty. There is no rca- ho think along specific dairy lines,
son why a house in the country should wh, tl' after the very best dairyI cow
ever lack any sentilent of the beau- they aft pr e, the heifer is bred
Sb young. say at twelve to fifteen months
If the builder of a farm house willof age. One thing more, however,
consider before lie builds his house
that it is better to set it far Iack from ust be done. It is not enough that
the street he will get rid of the temp- the leifer should be bred at the right
station to imitate city homes, or even Psriod: sie must not be allowed to
village homes. Let him then draw up i*w comle too fleshy before breeding, else
on a paper a little plot of what ihe s lway ie difficult to get in calf and
would like to see done. Let him bring tihe tendencies of her secretions start.
his drives in on convenient curves to 'ed in the wrong direction. She should
reach his barns and pass around li;s e1' kept in a thrifty, growing condition,
house. He can then determine where and her grain feed from calfhood up
a few trees would be appropriate and mainly oats and bran or other foods of
where he could with the least incon- a protein character. There Is nothing
venience plant rose bushes and hardy letter in the way of a food for the
flowers. Next let him plan for a good proper development of a heifer than
shelter, where such things as the week- skim milk. Most farmers relinquish
ly wash can be kept lut of sight. Do feeding the calf skim milk at six
not build your barn without plenty of "'motlhs of age. It can be profitably
shed room. facing away from the pre- fed till she is ten months old.
ailing winds, and under which can The other idea spoken of at the be-
always be stored tools, lumber and that gillnning of this article is the question
always increasing stock of barn bric- of the size-of the future cow. And so
a-brac. Then be sure to have your barn- farmers in whose minds that Is the
yard thoroughly underdrained, and do prepondering idea, breed their heifera
Ot think of beginning a tnm bome at eighteen to twenty months of ais.

They believe that early maternity will
reduce the size of the cow somewhat,
so they take the risk of reducing the
milking power in order to secure more
In some places in Europe the practice
prevails of breeding the heifers at fif-
teen months and holding them back for
the second calf until they are three
and a half years of age. But this prac-
tice i i n vogue mainly among men
who are anxious to produce the best
beef annial. They recognize the val-
ue of early maternity in securing a
good start int developing milk secretion
and to prevent future barrenness; but
what they are after in the main is
0On the whole, we believe it the wisest
course for those who wiv-, first-class
dairy cows to breed the heifer at fit-
teen months of age and keep her stead-
ily at her work thereafter, as long as
she will breed and is a profitable cow.
with about sixty days intermission be
tween calves.-Hoard's Dairyman.
4 *
Our Friends, the Birds.
A bulletin from tie Department of
.Agriculture gives the analysis of the
contents of the stomachs of two wood-
peckers. "Two-thirds to three-fourths
of the food consisted of insects, chiefly
noxious. Wood-boring beetles, both
adult and Ilarvae, are conspicious and
with them are associated many cater-
pillars. mostly species that burrow into
trees. Next in importance fire the ants
that live in decaying wood. all of which
are sought by woodpeckers and eaten
in great quantities. Many ants are par-
ticularly harmful to timber, for if they
lind a small spot of decay in the vacant
burrow of some wood-borer they en-
large tlhe hole. and as their colony is
always on the increase, continue to eat
away the wood until the whole trunk
is honeycomlbed. Moreover, these In-
sects are inaccessible to other birds and
could pursue their career of desgtruc-
tion unmolested were it not that the
woodpeckers, with beaks and tongues.
dig out and devour them."
I do not believe that these little
friends are half as much appreciated as
they should he. They are at work all
winter, and I verily believe that our
old apple orchards would not live out
half their years without the help or
this particular friend. Allowing that
one variety is a sap-sucker, the balance
is still largely in their favor. I do not
know of any special damage that has
been done by the yellow-bellied sap-
sucker, unless it be to the birches. The
blue-jay, who is about our shrubberies
at all seasons is another Ielper that I
wish we might Increase. A diss-ction
of two hundred and ninty-two stom-
achs gave about one-fourth of animal
My purpose, however, is to suggest
a few ways in which we may increase
the settlement with us of the most val-
uable winter birds. It is not the cli-
mate so much that sends the birds
away from us as the lack of food. By
freely planting along the fences and in
our pastures, as wel as our lawns, the
mountain ash and the Tartarian honey-
suckle and the high-bush cranberry we
shall be able to supply without any
cost to ourselves an enormous amount
of bird food. In fact, I know cf but
one berry that commonly appears on
our lawns which is not eaten by the
birds: I mean the blackthorn, or ouck-
thorn, berry.
A single tree of mountain ash will
feed all the robins that will visit you
through the fall months and still have
a surplus for winter friends. I do not
see any reason why we should not
make this tree more common as a field
tree. It Is particularly well fitted to
form shelters in the corners of our pas.
ture lots. Nor have we any small tree
better fitted to plant for windbreaks.
Plant closely along the west and north
sides of your land. The tree is entirely
hardy, and does not easily break with
severe winds. The barberry is eaten by
a few of the birds, and can be provided
in unlimited quantities. The fruit of
the Tartarian honeysuckle is so much
liked by the robins that I am. afraid
we cannot keep much of it for winter
use. It is the bet of all the shrub


sons r oe Irl t0 b

11 l orn o n
n othg ofn lo. eniSr
oly faously blx ryitler a rt ba o
to revolutions corn growing.

The beauty about Salmer's veeble seed fel
that they e. r rfil. They sprout, rowro i
prd~Toe. They are of such high vitallty ty
=Muffh at dm urht nd ati t 10@
taking 1st prieseer erwhere. We wirtth
For 14 Buts and This hil
we end 7 packa're of rae, choicena. l ain.
otrl Voern ale novelties nd S pekages of
billiantly beautiful fower eed alwonehL
an I our bi Watlo for ornr 14. a"n thi
i of r, In order to gain Ot new enetomers
in 1901, or lr lOe, 10 raze arm seed rampl,
,.---. fully worth liU to get a *I
M11 A. S rAM
SEED 00.

For use in granaries to kill weevil, tode-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep In
sects from the seed. etc.
ut up in ten and fifteen pound cars
fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jackroavile.

Un -er .000 ah DOelSN

a Awran. 7wo Pow
&--a ra vil tel. g sIe. Vm, Y allte ml

Grapefruit, Tangerine,
Satsuma, Tardiff and
Enterprise Seedless.
The best commercial citrus fruits.
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
for past five years. Will soon fruit
if protected. 50 or more of such trees
for sale. At home place on South
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla.


of nrt ass. 2 ean iltri. A bom
Home Treatment rent FREE. Addlre
B. M. WOOLLEY. M. D.. Atlanta Ca.

Por polishing, dealing
o r washing oranges
and lemons.
injury. ad a slight x-

RIversid. Ca.

H. C. HAR 4S 00.,
216 W. Forsyth St., bet. Hogan and Julia, Jack-
sonville. Fla.
Manchester Fire Insurance Co., Norwich Union
Fire Illsrnino Society, American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Ilndemlnity Fire Insuranee Co., The
Tr.dlers' Ilnsur.lnce Co. of Chicago.


for either ornamental hedges or low
Besides providing such foods as the
birds need we shall attract them to us
by providing proper shelter. Here it is
that they need almost exactly what we
need ourselves; that is, good thick ev-
ergreen windbreaks, evergreen groves
and evergreen hedges. We can change
our climate at least two or three de-
grees by such Judicious planting. The
birds soon find this out and will home
with us when we make our own homes
warm and cozy. Can you conceive what
summer would be without the birds
and their songs. Think what winter
could be made by the addition of more
bird life and of occasional bird music.
Some of our most useful birds are
changing their habits and habitat ow-
ing to a decrease of favorite food and
preferred nesting-places. If we must
lose some of our favorite summer
birds, it would be compensation to in.
crease the number of those who are
able to spend the winter with us.-E.
P. Powell in Farm and Fireside.
]Pruning Trees.
Many Inquiries are made regarding
the proper time for pruning trees or
shrubs, both ornamental and fruiting.
It Is impossible to answer except in a
general way, as the individuals to be
treated must be each one considered.
Where considerable pruning is to be
done, the need for a practical man with
plenty of experience and a knowledge
of all kinds of trees is evident. In the
case of fruit trees, it may be necessary
to thin out the branches to permit the
free circulation of air and light-very
essential things to strong, healthy
growth. Such pruning is done in the
winter, any time after the leaves have
fallen, though wounds will probably
heal with greater ease if made toward
spring. A careful painting of the
wounds, however, makes it safe earlier.
Should the growth of the trees be too
straggling, they should be pruned light-
ly during early summer, while the sap
is active and growth is being made. At
the same time it will encourage the
production of fruit buds, which are set
on short spurs. As regards the orna-
mental trees, the same rule will apply
to the thinning out of branches; the
weaker ones are, of course, to be re-
moved, allowing the strong ones to re
main. If they are to be put into shape,
possibly a little pruning in winter and
a little more in May or June when
growth is resumed, would bring about
the desired results. The flowering trees
and shrubs must be pruned according
to their respective characters. If It is
desired to retain flowering buds for the
first season, most early blooming plants
should not be pruned very much until
after they have bloomed, as the flower.
ing-buds are formed the season previ-
ous. Of course, a thinning out will do
no harm in this respect, ana will give
much more strength to the remaining
brapches. One correspondent asks if
the end of March Is too late to orune
apple trees in northern New York. Fol-
lowing the above principles It would
not be-in fact, one could prune in
any month if it is done Judiciously with
an understanding of the results that
would follow. It is practicable to re-
move the larger lower limbs from tree
at any season of the year. There might
be an exception to removing them in
the summer time, provided the number
of branches removed is in excess of
those remaining. This would tend to
weaken the trees very greatly. The
most favorable time for doing sucn
work is in the winter. If left until
nearly spring or early summer the
wounds will heal more readily, as while
the sap is in motion new bark is made
at once. In any event it is desirable
to paint the wounds with thick ordi-
nary paint or something that will keep
out the air and moisture until the new
growth of wood covers the wound.
Much error Is diffused by the use of im-r
proper terp~ A work on forestry,
befie the writer, referring to attach-
mebt of labels or guards to trees, re-
marks that "It should be by copper
wire which stretches as the tree ex-
pands." But there Is no expansion of a
tree in a physical sense. A wave flows
over the sand by the sea shore, but
nt by exlpanim the wat.m In

like manner the new wood of trees to come. This plan Is in more general
flows over the older wood-but this Is use in the old countries of Europe,
not expansion. If the wire attachment where men plan for fifty years ahea,!
to a label be loosely over a horizontal for the improvement of their estates.
branch, and yet so firmly that it will and it is rapidly getting to be more
not be disturbed by the wind, the wire the case in this country.
will be covered by the new growth, "Several varieties of trees could be
though there be plenty of room in the profitably planted for this purpose.
wire loop for expansion.-Meehan's They must be hardy, long-lived and
Monthly. suited to the climate in which they are
* planted. The apple, the black walnut
Florida Oranges Improving. (for its wood) and the pecan stand out
There was some improvement ii foremost among these. In rare cases
Florida oranges this week. But de- and localities the orange, lemon, En-
mand, though better than last week. glish walnut and almond would do, but
still is short of what would be ex- none of these last mentioned will do in
pected at this time and trade drags our portion of the South; in fact, the
along, only tree that is suited to that purpose
The fruit which came this week was is the pecan. They have everything in
a distinct improvement in color, flavor their favor, and the only thing against
and condition. Coupled with this is them is the time necessary to bring
the fact of diminishing receipts from a grove into bearing. The pecan is the
Jamaica, which leads receivers here to best, because the nuts are the finest of
believe that the turn for the better will all nuts, and sell for the highest prices
be permanent. It is expected that in in the big cities. Of course, I speak
two weeks Florida oranges will be all of the large, improved varieties. The
that they should be. little wild ones are scarcely market-
One receiver here, who was in Flor- able. Then the pecan is not killed by
ida recently, and knows the situation overflow, is not subject to any form of
there thoroughly, said the opinion blight or disease, and but few insects
printed in these columns last week prey upon them, and all of these a-e
that many of the objectionable quail- easily handled. After you once get
ties in the fruit are due to the new- your grove into bearing there is no
ness of the growers was correct. He expense for cultivation or care. All
said another trouble has been the man- you have to do is to pick the pecans up,
ner of handling the fruit in Florida. put them in barrels and ship them.
"It has been rushed too much," he How different from cotton:
said. "Bad management is the reason. "Where large pecans are planted, yoo
The crop is heavier than the Florida get a large proportion of trees bearing
people are accustomed to, and they large, fine nuts. A few trees will bear
have tried to get it all to market at inferior nuts, and these you can top and
once. Their labor is not as efficient as bud any time before they get fifteen
it should be, and faulty handling, with years old, and change into fine trees.
much bruising, has been the result It is not necessary for one to be young
"I think the rush is about over now, to plant a pecan grove in order to get
and fruit will come along much bet- returns from it.
ter. I have here some oranges nicked "My mother was fifty-three years old
six weeks ago, which are perfectly when my grove was planted, and we
sound. This shows that the fruit, now can afford comforts which we
properly treated, is all right." could not otherwise have had. In clos-
Prices this week while yet, "below ing, let me give the reader one warn-
the mark," were decidedly better than Ing : Do not expect your grove to
last week in that there was more fruit take care of itself while little. You
up to the standard the highest quo- must cultivate it and attend to it, oth-
titions than heretofore. erwise it will not thrive. Cotton is
It is estimated that at least 150,000 the best thing to plant in a pecan
boxes have been received here so far. grove. Cotton is nearly always well
-Fruit Trade Journal. cultivated, and the pecans get the ben-
* etit. I never knew ian ol manll in my
Pecans Bather Than a Policy. life who, upon discussing the pecan
Mr. Samuel H. James of Mound, La., question, did not express a regret that
believes that a pecan grove is of more he had not planted a pecan grove in
profit to a man than a life insurance his youth, so that it might.take care
policy. In the Cotton Planters' Jour- of him in his old age. This at least
nal he says: will not be one of my regrets when 1
"About fifteen years ago a life insur- get old."-Southern Farm Magazine.
ance agent approached me, asking me *
to insure my life. 'No,' said I; 'I will In Northeast Orange.
plant me a large pecan grove, and that Before the great freeze paralyzed the
shall be my life insurance. The yearly orange industry, Oviedo had the proud
premiums shall go toward the care and distinction of being the second orange
cultivation of the grove, and I shall shipping point in all Florida. Hundreds
get my returns while still alive, and of thousands of boxes of the golden
leave to my heirs the most valuable fruit were every winter started on their
piece of property in the state.' He way to the consumer.
laughed at me. Still I planted my If Oviedo does not within a
grove in the lowlands of Louisiana. very few years recover her lost pres-
bought the finest seed to be had, gave tige it will not be the fault of the peo-
the trees good attention from the start, pie who live there and thereabouts. All
and already I am getting fair interest northeast Orange county is essentially
on my investment. I am now forty- an orange producing county, and Ovie-
two years old this month, and my do, with her two railway lines, is the
grove is fifteen years old. The trees center of it all.
came into bearing at nine years, and With a view to gathering some facts
each year now the yield gets more and as to the condition of the orange indus-
more, and the grove more valuable. In try in that region, a representative of
five more years, if I am alive, I can the Sentinel-Reporter recently visited
afford to live like a prince, and when Oviedo, Geneva, Buda and the coun-
I write about pecans it will no longer try thereabouts. Probably no orange
be from Mound, La. The insurance section of the state was harder hit by
agent who laughed at me committed the great freeze of 1894-95 and the dis-
astrous frosts of subsequent years.
suicide several years ago, otherwise I Eatrous frost of subsequent years.
might now afford to laugh at him. My Everybody was interested in oranges
might now afford to laugh at him. My and a great majority of the growers
plan of life insurance was a perfect lost their all in a single night of Feb.
success, as all now know, for I not only uary, 1895. But they did not lose their
get good returns during my life, but courage. It Is estimated that fully 5
my heirs will get the principal when courage. It is estimated that fully 65
Imy heirs will get the principal when per cent.. of the groves about Oviedo
have been resusticated and brought
"Every young man, or middle-aged to the bearing stage, and about Gen-

returns in old age. The ordinary eta- the whole region is dotted with
pies are so hard, and expensive to pro- abandoned groves, and sorry sights
duce, and the market is so often over- they are, but they are the exception
stocked, that there is not often much and not the rule.
profit in them. Then old people cannot Among the most extensive and suc-
afford to toil as young ones do. Espe. essful orange growers in this region
dcally should men with young children is County Commissioner J. H. Lee, who
plan far ahead. They should plant treqp has a beautiful home and orange grove
that will come into bearing la the year oa lke Charm. aem mil from Ovied

The McCormick Machines are the most
MODERN, They are the Pride of the
New Century. Highest in awards at the Paris
Exposition. McCormick light draft machines
dominate the fields of the world. Built best-
work best--are best. With every test they
prove the best.

The McCormick Light Draft Binderis the most
MODERN binder built today. It has con-
centrated upon it the vast resources of the
McCormick Company, the largest builders of
self-binders in the world. It is the binder by
which the merits of all others are measured.

The McCormick Twine was awarded the gold
medal at the Paris Exposition. Its superiority
is the result of its being spun by the latest, best
and most MODERN machinery devised,
and passing a most rigid inspection-
McCormick inspection.

The McCormick Light Draft Daisy Reaper is
the most MODERN reaper. Used exten-
sively on hilly land, and also for harvesting
flax, clover, peas and similar crops.

The McCormick Light Draft Mowers are the
cleanest cutting, lightest working, farthest go-
ing, most MODERN mowers. They have
recorded more sales than any other mowers.

The McCormick Light Draft Hay Rakeis every-
thing that a farmer can ask for in a rake. It is
the strongest, neatest, most MODERN rake.

The McCormick Light Draft Corn Binder is the
newest and most MODERN for cutting and
binding corn. It is stiff, strong and successful.
It binds the corn as it stands, which is the
only successful way; this way is our patent.

The McCormick Corn Husker and Fodder
Shredder is a MODERN medium size
machine with large capacity, fitted for one farm
or several in the same neighborhood. It is a
little giant-many buy it for job work. It isthe
surest money-making shredder on the market.

The McCormick MODERN Light Draft
Header is the best ever put into the field.
Instead of six horses, only four are needed to
draw the McCormick.

The McCormick MODERN Knife and
Tool Grinder is a boon to the farmer. "A
sharp knife saves draft." It is quickly
changed to a tool grinder.

Harvesting Machine Co.
e largest sales and the largest wers Is the w
Atlanta, Ga.
W. G. HAYNES, General Agent.
Write for Catalogue.

and at the termini of the Oviedo
branches of the Plant system and S. A.
L. railroads. Besides his interests In
Lake Charm. Mr. Lee has groves about
Geneva, making his total acreage near-
ly fifty. Besides this he is managing
fifty-five acres belonging to Mr. Far-
well, of Chicago, bringing the total
number of acres of orange groves in
which he is interested up to one hun-
dred or more. As may be conjectured
Mr. Lee was hard hit by the freeze-
probably no orange grower In Florida
experienced a greater disaster. With
every dollar he possessed, and more
too, invested in oranges, he was in a
fair way to receive a fine income from
his Investment, when, on thp morning
of Feb. 7, he awoke to find It all swept
away as by fire. Practically every or-
na twre W fnme to tMs Smmi

__ _


There was nothing left but the roots
and ground,and the banks were not ad-
vancing money on such security. The
blow was a staggering one, but Mr.
Lee pulled himself together somehow,
and resolved to try it again-to do the
best he could with what the frost had
left him. The history of that manful
struggle with fate-months of ardu-
ous toil. subsequent freezes, and all
that goes to wear out men's lives is too
long to relate. It is enough to say that
Mr. Lee has triumphed over all and has
today a magnificent orange property.
which will, barring another freeze.(and
no one in Northeast (range believes
there is going to be a freeze this win-
ter), the coming season yield a rich re-
turn and put him on his feet again.
Practically every acre of orange trees
in which Mr. Lee is interested has been
brought back to the hearing stage by
intelligence and pluck. This season a
considerable crop was secured: next
year it ought to bI immense. Mr. Lee
has packing houses on each of the two
railroads and all the facilities for hand-
ling a crop of any size. If all the grow-
ers in the region had followed Mr.
Lee's example. Oviedo might by anl-
other season have resumed her place
among the greatest orange shliiip!ng
stations of tile state. But some lost
heart, others thought the lottiom hadl
dropped out of the orange business in
Florida forever. Still others were too
poor to go on. As a result there are, as
has been stated. many abandoned
Mr. Lee's experience has been that
of many other smaller growers. They
took courage, went ahead, and now
have their groves in tite condition.
From the groves of l)r. E. A. Jelts.
of Georgia, which are managed by J.
B. Polhill, there were shipped this sea-
son 400 boxes of ordinary oranges and
175 boxes of fine tangerines. What this
property will pan out next year in case
there is no killing freeze can be im-
On Lake Charm. the Rev. Dr. Kin-
ney, who lives here winters and spends
his summers among tile Thousand Is-
lands, has 20 acres, with 1,200 fine
At Oviedo the experiment of shedding
oranges is being tried on a large scale
on the E. Y. Mallory place, where four
and a half acres are under sheds
.eighteen feet in height. One acre is de-
voted to tangerines, lemons. kunilqats
and Satsumas, half an acre to grape-
fruit, half an acre to pines and the rest
to ordinary varieties of orange. Mr.
Polhill also has charge of this proper-
Another shedded orange grove is to
be found on the place of T. L. Meade.
on Lake Charm. It covers one and
one-tenth acres and is scientifically and
very substantially constructed. Mr.
Meade is a very methodical man and
was able to give the reporter off hand
all the details of the work. The en-
tire cost was $1.200 of which the prin-
cipal items are; Lumber $A0)0. cloth
$330, wire $35, labor $200. Mr. Meade
has built his shed on twelve-foot posts,
it being his belief that the trees can be
kept pruned down to that height.
Most orange growers, however, differ
with him on that point. It took three
miles of yard wide cotton cloth to
cover the shed. This is supported by
boards, eight inches wide. laid edge-
wise from post to post' and topped by
another board laid flat upon which a
man may walk to any part of the roof.
There are planted on this acre and a
tenth 475 young citrus trees--2.0 tan-
gerines and 100 ruby oranges and 125-
grapefruit. Mr. Meade has set these
trees out in rows twenty feet apart.
but with a space of only five feet we-
tween the trees in the rows. His idea
is to have the rows develop into thick
hedges as the trees come on. Another
innovation of Mr. Meade is to plant
peach trees between the rows of or-
ange trees. He says he can get two or
three crops of peaches and cut the trees
out before the orange trees are large
enough to be interfered with by tllem;
whereat old orange growers again
shake their heads. The result of these
experiments will be watched with in-
terest. One thing is. however, contain.
Mr. Meade can laugh at the frost; but
whether citrus trees do not require
-g In water, sa whether they will


-' .............. ', -'~F1111NYlI///iffJ fMAJ Itf{/ A i
The Roberts Family, of Falls City, Neb., Are Healthy and Happy-A Rare Sight in These Days. They Say,
"We Think Peruna Is The Greatest Medicine On Earth."
No man is better known in the state also cured. Altogether for my whole mentthat so many otherwise sensble
of Nebraska than Mr. Carl T. Roberts, family we have used nineteen bottles of and provident people will, for the
contractor and mason. A typical Amer- Perunna and have thus saved $500 in neglect of sosimple a precaution to
ican-active, shrewd and full of bsti- doctors' bills. I am a contractor and have a bottle of Peruna at hand, bring
ness s.,acity. lie is not only a provider mason by trade, and am known all over upon themselves the needles suffering
for his family, but a protector. In a Nebraska. I have had a stomach tron- and foolish expense that a practitioner
recent letter to Dr. Hartman he writes, ble which has been greatly relieved by of medicine is forced to witness every
among other things, as follows: yonr remedy, Peruna, for which I am day.
"Our boy, James, had the membranous stilltakingit. We thinkitisthegreat- As oon as the r pe of P's
croup, and after he recovered he was est medicine on earth."-C. T. Roberts, f y a" "
subject to repeated attacks of lung fever. Falls City, Nebraska. tli Apprc ted a l A OU
Our boy, Charlie,was also subject to at- Mr. T. G. Walker, Carneiro, Kansas, ot 5 a* p r vt t aM car of Mfee
tacks of pneumonia and pleurisy. Our writes: "It is with pleasure that I re- afctk tes of thmipds of fim
third boy, John, was subject to fever port that I am better than I have been will be Sed, nf d huntre Of ti.
and ague (malarial) and liver trouble, for many years. I believe Peruna is Saudis of cbra, UfArtf cases ed
Your remedy, Pernna, cured my boys without a doubt the best medicine that disease prevented. Prwan e s r h .
entirely, and now I have three of the was ever used in a family. Ithas cured hold sakegmatd
healthiest boysin the stateof Nebraska, my nervousness, with which Ihad been A complete work on chronic catarrh
which I attribute to your medicine. My afflicted for a great number of years." sent free to any address by The Peruns
Wife hadstomach trouble which Perua It a fact of ever-increasing astonih- Medicine Co., Columbus, Ohio.

take kindly to the presence of peach
trees anid dwarfing to twelve feet are
other questions.
A drive of ten miles over a very good
road brought the writer to Geneva.
There is not miuch of the town beside
the store and postoffice. but many good
people live in the surrounding territory,
and most of them are orange growers.
In this section it would seem more old
groves have )ben brought back to life
than is the case about Oviedo. There
will be ani immense crop of oranges
aisout (~Gneva and Buda next year if
the frost will kindly let the trees alone.
In the imntmemliate neighborhood of Gen-
eva postotlice l'ostmaster Iattishall has
several beautiful groves-twelve acres
in all-tlhat have been carefully nursed
lack to life. From three hundred tan-
gerine trees he has this season harvest-
ed thirty or more I)xes of fine fruit.
Next year ihe ought to have a great
Near by lives Mr. Alexander Niblo.
who. though seventy-two years of age,
is all by himself taking care of nine or
ten acres of as thrifty orange trees as
one could wish to see. Though old in
years Mr. Niblo is as hearty as most
men of half his years. and. with his
excellent wife. is thoroughly enjoying
life inl his 1lnautiful and comfortable
hlome lby the lakeside. lie puts his
trust iln (od and prunes his orange
trees. and fears the future not at all.
If the frost comes, well and good; if
not he expects to gather many oranges
next year.
Upon the whole the tenor of orange

talk in Nortiheast Oranlge is decidedly rated near Geneva, where the Messrs.
optimistic. Everybody is hopeful that Council, of Georgia, have purchased
there will be no killing freeze this win- 15,000 acres of fine pine lands and are
ter and many are positive there will getting their plant ready for business.
lie none. The present winter has thus Many trees have already been "boxed"
far been, they declare, more like the and hands are arriving daily. There Is
old-fashioned freezeless Florida win- an extensive commissary attached to
ters than any during the past fifteen the camp, which is in charge of Mr. G.
years, and they say there is no reason E. West, a genial young gentleman
why we should not be exempt from from Georgia, to whom the writer is
killing frosts for years to come. That indebted for many courtesies.-Orlando
they deserve such exemption, any one Sentinel-Reporter.
who has talked with these courageous a
orange growers, who for years have PERUNA CURES COLDS.
stuck to the business in the.face of the Mr. James Morrison, 68 E. 16th street,
greatest possible discouragement, will Paterson, N. J., says: "I have given
readily allow. Peruna a fair trial, and I fnd it to be
A year or two without a freeze would just what you claim it to be. I cannot
work wonders in this section. Grow- praise it too much. I have used two
ens would be greatly encouraged to bottles in my family for colds, and
further endeavors, new groves would everything imaginable. I could not be
le set ott and prosperity would reign without it. I recommended it to a mar-
throughout the land. ried sister of mine who was always
There is not much talk about pine- troubled with colds. She says it has
apples in Northeastern Orange. There done more for her than any doctor
are some small pineries, but they are could. I can safely say that youi med-
few and far between. icine is the best I have ever used."-
The merchants of Oviedo report a James Morrison.
fair Inbsiness all around. There are A cold is the beginning of catarrh.
four general stores in town and all ap- To prevent colds, to cure colds, is to
pear to be prospering. They are con- cheat catarrh out of its victims. Peruna.
ducted respectively by Messrs. McCall not only cures catarrh, but prevents it.
& Lawton, .T. M. Jones, T. L. Cushing A book of testimonials of the cumr
and J. S. Moore--all genial, courteous Peruna has made In the many different
gentlemen, phases and stages of chronic catarrh
Tle stock raising industry is large sent free by The Peruna Medicine Co.,
and growing and promises great things of Columbus, Ohio.
for tile future. 4 0
One of the largest turpentine enter- Happiness makes heavy burdens
prises in the country la being itnagn- light.

_ _ L_


Realisin as we do that many of our
readers frequently need the advice of a
sailed Veterinary Surgeon, and that they
are net always In a position to secure the
service of such, we have arranged, for
the benefit of our readers, with Dr. W. E.
French. of Daytona, Fla. a Veterinary
Surgeon nd dentist, who will answer all
Inquiries relating to the ailments of do-
nmeutlated animals, through the columns
of this paper free of charge. Should any
wish advice requiring an extended answer
by mail, they should enclose one dollar
for reply which win cover the case fully.

Cerebro Spinal Meningitis.
It resembles information of the spi-
nal cord very much, with the exception
that there are cerebral symptoms from
the start. It is looked upon as being
due to a germ, as a specific disease;
but it is some form of specific blood-
poisoning, but what the character is we
do not know; we know it occurs in bad-
ly ventilated, drained and crowded sta.
bles, most often found In street car
stables, where the air becomes vitiat-
ed, and causes various forms of dis-
eases. In 1877, in the winter, it exist-
ed on the Atlantic sea coast as an
epizootic, especially in the large cities
and as far north as Montreal. The
mortality was very heavy; it ran a
very definite course, with a period of
Incubation of from ten days to two
weeks. The specific character of it
was proven by introducing fresh horses
among them and they at once became
Cause.-The poison has not yet
been defined, but it floats in the air;
it may be confined to a single stable:
probably then due to some local cause,
as from the water or drainage; it ex-
ists In low marshy districts. The blood
poisoning produces serious pathologi-
cal changes, which seem to be con-
fined to the medulla oblongata.
Symptoms.-It takes two forms or
degrees of severity-the mild form
comes in something like spinitis; law.
gour dullness, stupor, and paralysis
of the hind parts. In course of from
one to three days it creeps forward and
Involves the base of the brain, then
there is Often coma; of caurse before
It reaches there the horse has gone
down from paralysis. Often the sen.
nations remain after the motor power
is lost; after a horse gets down with
this trouble he may die in a few
hours, or he may last a few days, ac-
cording to the severity of the case.
Many of these cases would yield to
treatment, but the more severe ones,
where the covering is affected, come on
with delerium, mad 'staggers, paraly-
sis of the hind parts, and in severe
cases there are spasms of the neck,
and back, and loins, often followed by
excessive relaxation, and then they go
down and die in a comatose.condition.
There are tonic spasms after volition
has been lost. In the delirious stage
they are frantic; they pound and
bruise themselves, and keep up a trot.
ting or running motion; the pulse is
not much affected first, but later gets
strong and hard; the temperature is
sometimes raised, sometimes lowered,
sometimes below 95, and as high as
106, but more aften about 102 to 102
5-10. As the disease progresses the
temperature falls below the normal,
due to the nervous system being par.
tially paralyzed.
In this case the bowels are partly
paralysed and constipated, though in
the early stages may be very loose,
and the feces passed involuntarily, due
to the relaxing of the sphincter muscle
of the arms. Urine is dark colored and
ropy from excessive mucous. The
sphincter of the bladder often relaxes
and urine is passed involuntarily, par-
ticularly In the mare; breathing is
Prognosis.-Mild forms often termi-
nate favorably; severe forms are us.
ally fatal. Post-Mortem.-Very little
morbit anatomy, but the main of what
there is, is in the medulla oblongata:
it is redder and congested and softened,
but It ta)es an expert to see it.
Treatment.-Remove the animal to
healthy quarters, give good ventilt'n
and drainage, and good drinking water.
Give full dose purgative, say 1 oz of
Sometimes It won't work where the
bowels are paralyzed. Follow up with

salines in the feed. Good plan to put two ways: (1) Keep all cattle off the
in slings. In local treatment cold wa. pasture to be disinfected for a greater
ter along the spine is rational; some: or less time, according to the date at
use hot water, others dry heat. This which a beginning is made. This may
local treatment should be for the blood. bi :icciompllished by an annual rota.
Extract of heladonna is good. also ar- tion of pasture. If the cattle are tak-
senic. quinine, or salol. And to reduce en off the pasture in the spring the
the supply of blood to the cord, give ticks will all have perished of starva.
small repeated doses of ergot, belladon, tion by Noveinls'r. If taken off in mid-
na solid extract. Dose one din. three to sunllner, there will be no ticks the next
four times a day; atropine 1-S to 1-4 spring. If not taken off the pasture
grs, three or four times a day, hypo- until November, there will probably be
dermictally. Quinine can be given quite a few ticks in the pasture as late as
freely in draum doses every four hours; .uly 1, of the following summer. Of
vegetable bitters can be given with it. course care must be taken not to have
If there is coma. give stimulating ene- nuy ticks on liet cows when again
ma; some give potassium bromide, turned in the pasture. (2) This plan
lDuring the epizootic some gave atro- depends on destroying the ticks on the
pine three grs.. arsenic two grs., mix. cows. Twice a week every animal
ed together, on the tongue three times should be closely inspected and every
a day, and no external applications. tick destroyed. Where they are. very
While others have tried all known numerous and small they may be ef-
remedies, still they die. factually destroyed by rubbing the in-
During the comatose condition give fected parts thoroughly with any kind
small doses of stimulating tonic. Iron of grease. A mixture of four pounds
if they will eat it, give soft food; some of axle grease with one pound of kero.
recommend, after the acute iymptomns sene is very effectiveC Of course the
have subsided, actual cautery and blis- older, nearly mature ticks will be re-
ters along the superior spinal processes. moved by hand. or scraped off amn
After convalescence is well Iwgun give dropped into the fire or a cup of kero-
potassium iodide with a stimulant. scene oil.
When you have one horse affected in a If this plan be carefully followed
stable, give lprophylectic treatment, the cattle will daily bring up to the
separate from the other horses :und fol- "'eowpen" constantly decreasing num-.
low the hygienic rules spoken of and leIrs of young ticks, until in a few
do not expect to save every case. nmontls all will have been brought up
W. E. French, Veterinarian. and destroyed, or will have perished
S*. of starvation, or cold, or wet. This
Texas Cattle Fever. plan was adopted on the Station farm
The disease that has so long attack- at the beginning of our work with cat-
ed cattle when brought to the South, tie aind was completely successful In
and cattle in Northern pastures wheel one season. Neigilboring farmers were
Southern cattle have been grazed on also induced to adopt it, with like re-
the latter, and variously called "bloody suits. Of the two methods the latter
urine." "acclimation fever," "red mur. is to be preferred. since all the ticks
rain," "Texas fever," etc., is now def- on the farm and in the barnyard, etc.,
initely known to Ie conveyed to cattle will be destroyed. The wvo plans can
by the common cattle tick, and the ac- be combined if desired.- -Georgia Ex-
eepted scientific name is "splenic fe- periment Station.
ver." The germ of the disease is press. *
ent in tie cattle ticks, and when they Care of Horses' Shoulders.
attack a cow that has never had the City papers contain frequent ac-
disease it is communicated to the cow counts of the arrests of teamsters by
and usually develops in a few days, agents of humane societies for work-
and generally results in the death of ing horses that have sore shoulders. It
the infected cow. Calves under one is hard that a horse should be made to
year old are equally likely to be at- press a bruised shoulder against a col-
tacked by the disease, but they usual- Iar. as is far too often the case upon
ly recover. Cattle raised in the South, farms. Bruising and galling can of-
on a farm that has been ridden of ten be prevented by a little care at the
ticks, are liable to the disease when- right time. The hard leather collar
ever grazed in pasture or ranges where is one of the very best of it fits, and
there are ticks. In this way. annual- the fitting is best done by soaking'it
ly, many Southern raised cattle are at- over night in water am1 then drawing
tacked and destroyed. it into prover shape on the neck with
The liability of Northern cattle to hIlaes of the right shape. The collar
take splenic fever has heretofore large- should it pretty close to the sides of
ly deterred Southern farmers from in- the neck. Wherever it is indented by
producing improved breeds from the tie shoulder after Ieing softened with
North. Bear in mlind that animals water and used half a day it should
that are brought from the North, and be pounded with the rounded end of a
that have never had the fever, may stick-a heavy anger-handle is good
he introduced on Southern farms with for tils purpose-until no undue press.
impunity-provided no ticks are per- sure can come upon the part of the
mitted to get into them. The only al- shoulder that made tile indentation.
solute safety, however, is to be se- If the shoulder is already bruised,
cured by getting rid of the cattle ticks. soaking and pounding the collar where
This can be done very easily and cer- it strikes the bruise will help very
tainly in one year's time, or even less, much. The collar should be made to
as follows: conform to the shape of the shoulders.
The cattle ticks cannot grow and If there is any pole weight that can-
come to maturity except on a cow. not le remedied in use of grain-drill
When a young female tick gets on a or harrow, use a zinc pad on top of
cow (or calf), it immediately selects a the neck. to keep the draft at the right
tender spot. inserts its mouth parts point of the shoulder. Bathe the
into the skin, and there remains until shoulders with cold water noon and
full grown and full of eggs. It then night in hot water, and oak-bark tea
drops off, lays from 1.500 to 3,000 eggs is excellent if there is the least ten-
on the ground, and dies. The eggs derness. Grain cannot keep fat on a
hatch in fifteen to twenty days, and horse that is at work with sore shoul-
the young ticks do not move more than ders. For economy's sake, keep the
a few inches from their birth spot, but shoulders of work-horses from being
climb up on weeds, spears of grass, bruised or chafed.-David, in Farm &
etc.. and are ready to get onto any Fireside.
passing animal. If a bovine (cow .
kind), the tick proceeds as its parent This has been one of the coldest
did, the entire round of life from egg weeks that Redlands ever has expe-
to egg again, covering not more than rienced. Yet there is the very slight-
four weeks, except in late summer and est amount of damage done; the back-
fall. Very few. if any, young ticks go bone of the cold spell is broken and
through the winter on the ground. but things are growing with a vigor un-
the eggs that may be laid late in the equaled outside the tropics.-(Cal.)
fall will go through the winter and Citrograph.
hatch during the spring. In the ex- *
treme South it is said that a few late "I thought your husband was going
hatched ticks will survive the winter, to give tup smoking during Lent?"
The essential point to be observed is "lie has. Instead of smoking his ci-
to prevent any tick from reaching ma- gars now he chews tllem up."-Chica-
turity. This can be done in either of go Times-Herald.


Nobody knows all about it;

and nothing, now known, will

always cure it.

Doctors try Scott's Emul-

sion of Cod Liver Oil, when

they think it is caused by im-


digestion of food.

You can do the same.

It may or may not be caused

by the failure of stomach and

bowels to do their work. If

it is, you will cure it; if not,

you will do no harm.

The way, to cure a disease

is to stop its cause, and help

the body get back to its habit

of health.

When Scott's Emulsion of

Cod Liver Oil does that, it

cures; when it don't, it don't

cure. It never does harm.

The genuine has
this picture on it, take
no other.
If you have not
tried it, send for free
sample, its agreeable
taste will surprise
409 Pearl St., N. Y.
50c. and $i.0o ; all druggists.

Will Treat all Diseases or -uomesticat-
ed Animals.
A Specialty.




Cn o i BFt-es*

lANE ING & a mom cm. noexo k%-

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn. Palms,
Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic and
it-bearing trees.
quatis, and all
*sorts of Decorative
SStock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bro.,
Oneco, Fla.

~---- -------- -- ----- --- --- --- -- --- -- ~-- - ---~- -

I _


All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Prices Still Advancing.
The outlook for cheaper fertilizing
materials during this season is exceed-
ingly gloomy, as reports from all over
the country show an increased demand
over the previous year. The high prices
of cotton last year has stimulated an
increased acreage and carries with it
an increased demand for fertilizer.
There is also a large call throughout
Louisiana for sugar cane fertilizer and
In other states for beet fertilizer. There
is also an increased demand for ferti-
lizers for general crops. Putting all
together the increase has severely tax.
ed the supply, so much that prices have
gradually been advancing and the pros-
pects are that before the end of March
the South's spring fertilizer season,
such articles as high grade blood and
bone and other ammoniates will ad-
vance $1.00 or $1.50 per ton.
Unless something unforeseen happens
to make a cheaper freight rate, it is
also likely that the prices of potash
goods may advance. Our freights are
now from $1.00 to $1.50 per ton more
than they were a year ago, and even
at this advance, freight room is hard
to secure.
Acid phosphate is very likely to re-
mhin about where it is. In this case the
high ocean freight has worked in our
favor and kept the prices down. It
the foreign freights were on a normal
basis the export of phosphate with the
the price considerably, but with the
increased home demand would advance
high ocean freights the shipments of
phosphate abroad are reduced, so that
the increased demand for home con-
sumption keeps the phosphate business
in a healthy condition, but does not
increase their total tonnage so that
they can not supply the demand with-
out taxing their capacity.
Cotton seed meal which took such a
rapid advance during the fall, reach-
ed its high water mark and has been
at a standstill for some time. It is
expected, however, that it will advance
slightly during the following two or
three months. Many of the cotton far.
mers made a mistake in selling their
seed at a high price, and are now
having to pay even higher prices for
their fertilizers and fertilizing mater-

Fertilizer Mixtures,
Fertilizer mixtures are simply com-
binations of different forms and kinds
of plant food, designed to meet the
needs of growing crops. Mr. S. P.
Cox, In Rural World, in discussing this
subject says that plant food consists
of three substances, nitrogen, potash
and phosphoric acid. Growing plants
repuire all three of these substances,
and in certain definite proportions. It
Is well for farmers to learn once for
all that all three of the substances are
necessary, and that an excess of any
one, or of any two, will not make good
the deficiency of any one. For illustra-
tion: A fertilizer mixture may con.
tain, say 8 per cent. phosphoric acid.
two per cent. potash and two per cent.
nitrogen; the resulting crop is meas-
ured by the most deficient element. For
cereal crop the potash and phosphoric
acid requirement is about the same,
and If the above fertilizer mixture is
used, the two per cent. potash marks
the limitations of the mixture; two per
cent. of phosphoric acid would also be
used. but the remaining six per cent.
would be wholly useless, not having

the other ingredients necessary to act little fruit. It therefore becomes essen-
in union with it. tial that the fertilizer applied should
To the farmer who must needs use be a well-balanced one so as not to
fertilizers and what successful farmer give more of one kind of plant food
does not -this matter of fertilizer mix-
tures is of very great importance. It than its proper growth and develop-
stalmls to reason that the plant food ment requires. If there should be any
needs of crops are pretty closely shown excess however, it is safer for it to be
by the quantities of such plant food either potash or phosphoric acid than
found in the crop upon maturity, or at
the harvesting stage of growth. For- 'aninonia.-Ed.
tmultely. the experiment stations of .
the various states have made exhaus- Best Fertilizer for Strawberries.
tive studies of thie chemical compost- Ltst fall I determined to find out by
tion of crops. Even a superficial ex- experiment the best that could be done
aiiniation of such tables of analysis ll strawberry growing in this state,
shows very plainly that all crops do regardless of expense. I only set four
not feed alike. From this fact has bIds for home use, Hoffmans and
grown tile great variety of fertilizer Treadwells. About two weeks before
mixtures offered farmers by manufac- setting tile plants I threw out a fur
tllrers. While this proportioning of row each way, making a double fur-
mixturcs for various crops is scienti- row-with a one-horse plow, and in
tically correct as a theory. the common this I strewed hardwood ashes at the
practice is to make such mixtures with r'ate of half a pound to the plant. This
tlti vrlios gro lkes of crude fertilizer was stirred and mixed in the soil, then
litlterialls rather tlian the actual needs slightly covered and two or three good
of the va-irious crops. rains fell on it. The ashes were so
deep under the pilats when they were
There is one ioint to guard against. set that their roots probably lid not
(rops dluringl growthll take up such reach it for two months.
quantities of nitrogen, potash and phos- Int another part of my ground I ap-
phorie :.idl :as tllhey require; this is a plied ,blood alnd bone at about the same
simple act (if nature. and nature has rIa'. In .lailnary I ran out a light fur-
thlle ait of strictly obeying its laws. row with a hand-plow on each side
While in tile presence of a great excess, of the row and sprinkled a little nore
of any ingredient the crop may take alongside the plants-ashes on one plat,
up a moderate excess of that substance blood and bone on the other, so that
without (damage. it cannot tide over thel each plat received only one kind of fer-
slightest deficiency. This explains the tilizer1 throughout.
wis.doml in always having at least en lnt the blood and bone made a
ough for the expected crop. This a on an ne ma a
Sfr tlxpctd rop. This wonderful growth, many of them 20
enough" is determined with moderate inches high and fully as wide. Those
accuracy by studying the chemical oni the ashes grew very little larger
composition of the crop. For example, than usual. But the fruit of these lat-
a fair crop of corn, say 50 bushels per ter was as much superior as were the
acre. contains in grain, stalk, etc., 67 plants of tile others. A single plant
Iounds of nitrogen, 80 pounds of pot- would frequently yield six or eight ber-
ash and 31 pounds of phosphoric acid. ries at a picking, all of them of a
As aill farmers now well understand, marketable size and some an inch and
fertilizer nitrogen is too expensive to a half in diameter. The plants grown
use safely for field crops, and that le- on the blood and bone would frequently
gulmes are always grown in rotation yield a dozen or fifteen berries to the
to supply sonie at least by prudent, plt at a picking, of which three or
up-to-lalte farmers. Hence it is unne- four would be of marketable size and
cessnry to supply full quota of nitro all the rest so small as to be practically
gen, hut rather about one-fourth of it. worthless for shippiug.-L. R. P. in
Potashl is practically available.as plant Far,,er and Fruit Grower.
food under all ordinary circumstances,
:and the full quota should be used. At reading the above one might be
l'hosphoric acid is apt to take insolu- led to suppose that ashes are the sine
ble forms in tile soil, which is almost qua non for strawberries. However it
the same thing as removing it from the simply proves that the strawberry re-
soil. as the plants cannot make use q p
of it as food when insoluble; hence luires potash instead of so much am-
the quota of phosphoric acid is com- monia. The blood and bone contains
ioinly doubled. On this basis, the corn a high per cent. of ammonia with no
crop should receive, per acre, 17 pounds potash, consequently a vigorous
of nitrogen. 80) pounds of potash and 62 growth was made but its fruiting ca-
pounds of llosphoric acid. Expressed
inl sterns of ordinary fertilizer mixtures, pacity was retarded on account of this
this would mean an application of 1,- deficiency. Where the ashes were us-
55<) pounds of a fertilizer containing: ed, a sufficient amount of potash was
Nitrogen.. .... .... .. 2 per cent. given, which together with the amount
Available phosphoric acid .6 per cent. of allia i produced naturally in the
Actual potash............ 8 per cent.
Few farmers will use 1,000 pounds soil, gave the strawberry a normal
per acre on corn, but it is quite sure feed, consequently a good crop was
that when not enough fertilizer is used made. Had the grower mixed a small
the crop draws on the reserve supplies amount of blood and bone with his
in the soil-that is, the soil is being rob, ashes, ie would have obtained better
bed. A .oil systematically robbed, more
or less. quickly falls a prey to all forms results than where he used ashes alone,
of agricultural evils, not only fungus as he would have had ammonia enough
diseases, but unfavorable mechanical not only to make a crop, but to make a
conditions, which is about the same healthy growth.
thing as sterility when carried out farealty growth
enough. Farmers should closely study Editor Fertilizer Department:
tihe nature of the fertilizer mixtures
tley use, and also make free use, by Will you tell me the amount of ni-
maiil. of the agricultural experiment trate of soda to dissolve in water to
stations. sprinkle plants, and how often to ap-
ply the mixture to produce the best re-
In the third paragraph of the above suts? mixture to prodce K.
article, the writer says: "Crops during Grove City, Fla.
growth take up such quantities of pot- Dissolve one pound of nitrate of soda
ash and nitrogen and phosphoric acid in twenty-five gallons of water and
as they require," etc. Some do and sprinkle whenever the plants need it-
some do not. In this proportion there is no danger
Plant life in some respects is like the of hurting the tender plants, although
genus homo. They seldom take more the water may get into the buds or
of the substantial food than their sye- heart. This is an excellent method
tern needs, but will invariably take of bringing on seed bed plants.
more stimulants than their system ,
needs, if it is put within their reach. Even Northern orchardists are learn-
The orange tree fed too highly on am. ing the value of pure chemicals in fruit
monia will have the die-back. Straw. growing. The use of chemical fertili-
berry plants will give big bushes and zers on orchards is getting to be popu-

The Eminent Kidney
and Bladder Specialist.

M Labratary.
There is a disease prevailing in this
country most dangerous because so decep-
tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
it-hear disease, pneumonia, heart failure
or apoplexy are often the result of kidney
disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell by cell.
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new dis-
covery is the true specific for kidney, bladder
and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
efforts have failed. At druggists infifty-cent
and dollar sizes. A sample bottle sent frpe
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp-
Root and Its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton. N. Y. and
mention this paper.


Ckea.pst ad Best Siser on te-Market.

Over 1,400 in use in Florida, Cali-
fornia, Jamaica, and in the large com-
mission houses of New York, -Boston,
Philadelphia, and other points.
Orange sizer, Combined
without hop- grapefruit &;
per only $6. orange sizers,
With hopper, I without hop-
$8.50. per s, $8.00.
Same wit h
hopper $10.50.

Brights and Russets can be sized
and graded at the same time. Capacity
of, $8.50 machine, 500 boxes per day.
Capacity of $6.00 machine, 200 boxes.
Send for Circular.
J. T. CAIRNS, - DeLand, Fla.

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.

We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fl.

lar. Many an orchard Is fed on chemi-
cals alone, with a green crop like clove,
plowed under at intervals. It used to
be thought that an orchardist had to
keep a large herd of stock or buy
quantities of stable manure in order
to keep his trees in a fruitful condi-
tion. It was either this or feeding
grain to the sheep in the orchards. Now
better fruit is proddeed with chemical

- 1'






For over a week we have been, to
use a common expression, rather "un-
der the weather," in plain words, sick.
Most of the work of preparing the de-
partment for the paper of last week
was done in bed. We are up again, but
with little strength or disposition to
work. We mention these facts as
some exet se for any shortcomings in
our work for these two weeks.-Ed.
The Cactus.
Editor Floral Department:
The Floral Department of the Flor-
ida Agriculturist of December 5th, was
devoted to Cactus. and brought for-
cibly to mind some splendid specimens
of that curious and beautiful family,
which I saw at a neighbor's in Orange
county in the '80's. A large tub was
filled with a "Kiing Cactus." which
during its blooming season often had
as many as sixty of its large. splendid,
scarlet fevers open at one time. and
quite as many buds, which glowed like
torches in the green foliage.
The tub sat on a piazza with a south-
western exposure and passed safe
through the freeze of 1886, protected
only by a light, woolen shawl. On the
same piazza a large plant of the
"Queen Cactus," Phyllocactus latifrons
covered a large portion of one of the
inside walls. Its immense snow white
flowers opened at night and many
gathered to see the beautiful show.
A hanging basket depended from the
ceiling near the other cactus, with the
"Rat-tall Cactus," Cereus flagellifor-
mis, hanging to the floor, a distance of
at least six feet. Several of these
"tails" were in bloom. The small pink
lowers were very pretty.
Many persons erroneously call the
"Queen Cactus," "Night-blooming Ce-
reus," which is indeed very different.
The "King" and the "Queen Cactus"
both belong to the Phyllocactus, and
are the most magnificent specimens of
that variety. There are many
smaller members of that tribe, all hav.
Ing rich colored flowers, some of which
look as if made from wax. They are
all tender, and require shelter from
the cold and extreme heat. They also
need a rich, sandy moist soil.
The "'Tbster Cactus," Epiphyllum
truncatum, is also tender, and a winter
bloomer, and has very handsome flow-
The Opuntlas are hardy and need
but little attention after being oneb
set in the ground. They have mostly
flowers of a rich yellow.
The "Devil's pincushion." is a native
of Texas and has beautiful red flowers.
The olant is a curiosity.
The "Barbadoes Gooseberry." Pere-
skia aculeata, is a cactus, with true
leaves. It Is of rapid growth, rejoic-
ing In dry. sandy soil and summer suns.
As a vine It is most useful, soon cov-
ing a large space with the densest
shade. It bears large clusters of its
creamy white, Intensely fragrant, eva-
nescent flowers, flowers followed by
quantities of edible berries, sometimes
used for tarts and jellies. Florida soil
and climate present great possibilities
to the lover of the cactus.
Mrs. Jennie S. Perkins.
Wiloeereus Senilis.
Under this title our contributor Ane-
meO of Mass., gives some notes on this
species in the Cactus Guide.
Perhaps some of our readers may
not know this Cactus. It is called
"Old Man Cactus," because it is cover-
ed with a growth of long white hair-
like smlnes:
"In some of the floral magazines a
writer asks If the 'Old Man' Cacti
have roots, stating that those she
bought had none. I presume some of
them do, but two smaller ones, four or
ive inches high, that I bought a year

ago, were of the same variety-root-
"When a child we children used pota-
toes for horses, oxen and other ani-
mals. supplying legs of sticks; and 1
served my Old Man the same way-
provided wooden legs for them. Tooth-
picks served the purpose.
"Inserted two in the base of each
and Dott'ed them in soil of one-half
sand alnd loa:i. The toothpicks keep
them i: an upright position, otherwise
they woulld topple over.
"Dliunag tile winter they were kept in
a dry state. and probably did not form
roots. About the first of June set them
outdoors, but did not sink the pots in
the beds ai I did my other Cacti. There
they had water and sunshine with the
rest of the plants. Early last fall took
them inmioors, where now they are
crowned by tie silky white hair on the
new growthi"
On mother page of the same maga-
zine. ,Anul os gives an account of some
"One of my latest experiments in
grafting was to split plants of Echinop-
sis Multiplex and Eriesii perpendicu-
larly, and bilnd the sections together so
as to ,make plants one-half Multiplex
ind l alf Eyriesii.
"l'lalts of the same size were se-
hlc.ted and in olne case the parts seem
to lhai e united. In another specimen
when the ligature was removed they
separated: so that I have two peculiar
shaper Echinopsis; each with a flat
side. 'The next I shall try is to build
up a plant out of cross sections of dit-
ferent varieties.
In ine specimen of grafting, an Epi-
phylluin onto a stock of EchinoDsis
Evyresii. I have not only a spliced
plant. Ibr :l monstrosity. The stock is
growing in all sorts of fantastic shapes.
Among other things I tried was to
graft a Seimpervivium onto an Echin-
opsis. Hid1 a peculiar looking plant
for quite a long time, but the scion
eventul:dly died. Buds are showing on
Echinopsis Eyriesii grafted upon a
stock of Cereus Colubrinus. In this
case (ile stock was cut wedge-shaved
and a cor:'wsponding notcl cut in the
base ',f the scion; when placed togeth-
or a ca',tus spine struck through will
hold tleem in place while tying. Usual-
ly I further secure it by passing a
string over the top of the plant and ty-
ing under the pot, thus binding the
scion on. A union will soon be effect-
4 *
A Cactus Mound.
Something over a year ago we had
a mound built for Cacti.
We had several loads of brick rub-
bish from the cellar of a burned house
and formed a ridge about five feet wide
and twelve long. This covered with
good soil has proved a good home for
a variety of Cacti, and carried them
safely through a very wet year. The
following, from the now extinct Shar-
on Cactus Guide, is an interesting ac-
count of an experiment in the same
"After thirty-six years experience I
think I call say Eureka! I have at
last learned how to cultivate Cacti.
Three years ago I had an oval tank
built in front of my residence; it was
about 15 feet long, 10 to 12 feet wide,
two feet below the surface and one
above; with a foot and a half all
around the top for a walk; filled it with
Water Lilies of all colors, and Nelum-
biums, pink and yellow. They grew
lovely and were always in bloom; and
as it was on the front street was very
much admired. The first year it gave
us much pleasure, but the second year
the pretty spotted frogs got into it,
and we found their music annoying
at night; so I moved the lovely lillies
to a tank in the rear and sonfar away
we could not hear them, and let off
the water and the frogs took their de-
"So I thought up a plan that has
proved quite a success so far as the
tank goes. I had a lot of dead cacti
from one to six feet tall, waiting to be
buried. I had them all put Into the

tank, then piled stones and broken
bricks with soil on top, then a lot of
stable manure, and then rich soil and
It was as tall as I wished, about 2 1-2
feet Abore the edge of the tank; well
mixed with stones and broken bricks;
when I got it into a nice oval shape, I
planted in the center on top a four-
foot Echinocactus Pilosus Steinesii,
and three feet apart each way, 1 set
a four-foot Pilocereus Senilis, making
a nice square, then on each end a large
Echinoclctus Ingens, (very large); oil
one side a four foot Cereus Nickelsii,
(the linest Cereus I liave): on the other
side a Cereus Thurberii, cluster; and
filled in all places between Echino's.
Mamillarias and small Cereus, then fine
Opuntias, climbing Cereis and all sort
of pretty Echeverias. Mesembrianthe-
mnums, etc., to taste, until down near
to one bow of yellow Mamillarias, one
of pure white and next the walk, plain
bright green M. Decipiens. You can
hardly realize how beautiful it is, and
all the plants have grown for a year
or" more and get lovelier every day.
My mound has been an entire success."
Anna B. Nickels.

4 *
The Wintering of Succulents.
Through a little late in the season,
the following from a back number of
The Southern Florist and Gardener,
will be found interesting and practical:
"Under this broad general leading
we may start out assuming three con-
ditions: First, where plants are kept
in a hot house; seco(ndlly in a living
room; thirdly, in the cellar or other
out-of-the-way place.
"It is self-evident that these varying
conditions demand essentially vary-
ing treatment. Under t'e first, most
favorable conditions plants may be
kept at pleasure at a higher or lower
temperature, and at the former, all
plants being likely to continue grow-
ing demand a liberal allowance of wa-
ter. 'rhe wisdom, however, of keeping
plants without their season of rest is
quest able, with the exception of
those which are native to tropical re-
gions. We do not. however, propose
to go into such details as to suggest
various treatments for nearly every
"The average cultivator lacks time,
appliances and inclination to go into
such details. and will usually winter
his plants under essentially similar
conditions. Therefore, when the tem-
perature of a conservatory rarely falls
below fifty degrees at night, and may
on sunny days rise to seventy-five de-
grees or over, we must supply water
as occasion demands, several times a
week perhaps to smaller plants, more
to those exposed to greater heat and
"Second, plants in living rooms.-
Here the conditions may also differ
greatly. Houses heated by hot air, wa-
ter or steam and kept at a fairly uni-
form temperature, offer entirely differ-
ent conditions from those where grate
or stove fires are employed, which are
not kept up over night. This may re-
suit in a temperature near the freezing
point at night. Here, it will be seen,
the supply of water should be less lib-
eral; in fact watering once a week will
here usually suffice, and large plants,
especially Echinocacti, Echinopses and
Cerei, may be kept practically without
water, or supplied not more than once
a month.
"Third.-Plants kept in cellars, it
large, may almost go without water
unless the cellar is kept dry and hot
by a furnace, in which case a little
moisture now and then may be bene-
ficial. For If the soil is permitted to
become powder dry the rootlets are
sure to dry up and die, and recupera-
tion and growth in spring is certain
to be retarded. As a rule only large
Agaves. Echinocacti and Echinopses
will endure the living tomb of a cel-
lar without apparent injury.
"Here it may be permitted to again
refer to the repotting of plants. If
possible, by all means do this during
the fall or early winter. In the first
place, any insect which hitherto has
escaped detection will be at once dis-
covered, and many a plant and pos-

your hair
split at
the end?
Can you
pull out a
byAIR run
HAing your
fingers through it?
Does it seem dry and
Give your hair a
chance. Feed it.
The roots are not
dead; they are weak
because they are
starved--that's all.


If you don't want
your hair to die use
Ayer's Hair Vigor
once a day. It makes
the hair grow, stops
falling, and cures dan-
It always restores
color to gray or faded
hair; it never fails.
1.0 battle. An druggleft.
One bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigio
topped my hbir from faling ot%
i stredirw in r.
March 28,1899. CanoT.v, I ~
"Ae' Hair Vigor completir
cured me from dandruff, withwvh
Iwasgreatly afflicted. Thegrowthof
my hair since its use has been som-
thing wonderful."
April 13,18B9. NewYorkN.Y.
If you do not obtain all the eul.itb
yoV expected from the use of the Hsir
Vtgor, write the Doctor rbout it.
DBi J. C. A Low, ow% Mm

silly tie larger portion of a collec-
tion, i.my be saved from contamina.
tion. Plants in winter quarters, being
usually kept very crowded unfortu-
iuntely offer tie best possible breeding
grounIs for scale and mealy hug, and
ain effort must be made to exclude in-
fested pillats. Furthermore, plants
thus transplanted during winter are
not only likely to make some little root
growth, but when the time for their
spring outing comes they are ready and
will not suffer any further disturbance
or set back, which certainly results
when transplanted. These sugges-
tions lanve a wide range of treatment,
and depend for their successful applil
cation upon the good judgment of the
individinl cultivator. There is, how-
ever. what may safely be called the
"GCollIn Rule" of cacticulture: In
watering cacti, sin rather by omission
than by commission."
4 *
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
J. W. Thompson. M. D., Supt.
Belleview, Fla.
I lost thou think because thou are vir-
tuous. there shall be no more cakes and



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Only I and 2 cent stamps taken when change
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
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Subscribers when writing to have the address
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It is stated by a California authority,
as an illustration of the expense at-
tending fruit culture in that state
sometimes, that a single orchardist in
the Santa Clara valley spent $18,000
in one year in fighting fruit pests with
the recognized remedies used in spring.
If cattle get fat and furnish fairly
good beef for market on the thin, wat-
ery Florida grasses, what would they
do on good cultivated grasses. For
cream and butter no grass is superior
to Bermuda. It is easy to cultivate
and will exist and do tolerably well on
white sand, furnishing a beautiful car-
pet of green. It is also a suppresser
of fleas. Do not root it out or attempt
to do it. There is plenty of room in
Florida for years to come. Five to ten
acres in this grass will furnish as much
nutrition as 100 acres of wild grasses.
A pear orchard seriously afflicted
with the blight is a great eyesore to a
man with eyes of neatness about him;
but the best growers of Florida are
now agreed that it is best to let it
alone. If the trees are of the Oriental
varieties, Le Conte, Keiffer, Garber,
etc., they will probably get well any-
way; If they are of the European va-
rieties they will probably die anyway.
Therefore let It alone. It is not often
that many of the trees die outright un-
less they have been pampered and ren-
dered soft and tender. If a large limb
dies, probably another will grow in its
place. Fertilize them entirely with
minerals, potash and acid phosphate;
cultivate sparingly, only enough to
keep them from going back, and give
neither fertilizer nor cultivation after
June 1st. In our observation a total
withholding of cultivation and mulch-
ing and surface application of mineral
fertilizers, have given best results.
Fence or no fence is purely a ques-
tion of business. Does it pay a Florida

community to compel 200 soil tillers to
spend five thousand or ten thousand
dollars to protect their crops against
the swine of ten citizens worth less
all right government is to secure the
than two hundred dollars? Tue end of
greatest good to the greatest number.
But now here is another point: Inside
the city limits of Jacksonville there is
a law against free-ranging of stock
which is as rigidly enforced as it would
be in any rural community. There are
scores of market gardens in the city
limits, yet every one of them is fenced.
Why is that? Because the prudent
gardeners would rather fence than in.
cur the risk of a single vagabond hog
getting into their gardens. A fence
is an insurance, and we believe that
nost truckers in Florida would build
fences even if there was a no-fence
law. A no-fence law must have a
strong public sentiment to make it ef-
Two growers. neighbors, we will say
--lill and Jones, for instance: Jones
comes into Hill's packing-house where
Hill is sorting and packing oranges for
"Why, Hill, them's nice orange box-
es; expensive, ain't they?"
"Well, Jones, they do cost a little
more than the rough lots."
"I can't afford to pay for any fancy
boxes this year," says Jones.
"I buy cheap; oranges low, you
know. Says Hill, what on earth do
you throw out such oranges as that
for? Why, that orange is all right;
tlat'll go sure."
At this Hill smiles and, turning to
.Tones. asks, "By the way, Jones, what
did you get for your shipment of 200
boxes of oranges you made last
Jones replies, giving figures.
"Wel sir," says Hill, "for my 100
boxes tiat I shipped about the same
time, I received just $40 more than
twice as much as your 200 boxes
brought you."
Stay in the United States.
Mr. C. W. Swett, the former
treasurer of the Boston Fruit Com-
pany, now absorbed by the United
States Fruit Company, has been a fre-
quent visitor to the West India Islands
and Central America, and he recently
gave an interview to a reporter of the
Lewiston Journal, in which he so well
corroborates what we have heard from
other sources, perhaps less well in.
formed, but quite as positive in their
assertions, that we will give place to
some of his statements.
"Cuba is no place for the poor man,
and Porto Rico is not much better. In
Jamaica, where the United Fruit Com-
pany has large plantations of bananas,
oranges, cocoanuts, pimento and other
tropical products, there may be a bet-
ter show; but even there the chances
are all in favor of the small investor
coming out the small end of the horn."
When a man goes to Jamaica to en-
gage in fruit growing, he will have to
pay anywhere from $40 to $250 per
acre for suitable land, and to grow
oranges successfully a man must have
at least 500 acres of land. Pineapples
are easier to get under way than or-
anges, as they come into bearing in
about a year after setting, while the
oranges require five years, but the or-
anges are the most profitable when in
Fruit growers in the islands are not
troubled by frosts, but by the tariff
which was put on to protect the fruits
of California and Florida amounts to
about $1.50 a barrel, or 70 cents a box,
which is tough on the growers in those
There is also another serious obstacle

to success there. While the orange
trees of the West India Islands have
a bearing season from early fall until
about the middle of February, the last
six weeks of that time they cannot
compete in our markets with the fruit
from Flordia and California, which
begins to come in during December,
and has the advantage of being free
from tariff. Thus the trees are still
heavily laden with fruit.
If fruits grow readily there so do
weeds. They spring up in a night and
require almost constant effort to keep
them down. It takes a long pocket.
book to care for an orange grove from
the time it is set until it is in bearing
condition and the fruits can be put up-
on the market.
There is no chance for men of limit-
ed capital in growing sugar cane. There
are small planters who grow it and
sell to richer neighbors, but the price
paid is not such as to give them much
alove bare subsistence.
Many have lIought land and grown
good crops, and then failed to find a
profit because they were so situated
that they had not good shipping facil-
ities. In this the business of growing
cocoanuts seems to offer tile best
chance, as it is all done near the coast,
but it takes seven years waiting and
working before they come into Iearing.
Of Santo Domingo he could not say
much, as he was not familiar with it,
but the Government there is uncertain,
subject to sudden revolutions. The peo-
ple generally are ignorant, and the
commercial development very crude.
Shipping facilities are likely to be un-
satisfactory from the friut grower's
There is no opportunity in Cuba for
one with limited capital to engage In
tobacco growing. It has been one of
the staple produces of the island for
many years and all the good tobacco
land is taken. It has been cultivated
for years and has a well established
value, which varies very much even on
plantations not far distant front each
other. Owing to the quality of the soil
and the production one may be called
worth $40 an acre and another actually
worth $400. The Santa Clara district
is called the best in the island.
To conclude, Mr. Swett said that
"the lucy investor is one that has no
money locked up in Culan lands." With
this opinion we agree, but "distance
lends enchantment to the view," and
those who would not put out one dollar
to help build up an enterprise in their
own town are ready to invest in Kan-
sas, Alabama or Porto Rico, is some-
one tell a fine story.-American Culti-
Grafting the Grape.
Can you or anyone tell me the right
time to graft a grapevine root or a
persimmlnons? It seem to miss on them.
Formerly a Yank, now a Floridian,
good and strong. Chas H. Bunce.
Hillsborough county.
In the fall, the sooner after the leaves
have fallen the better, dig away the
soil from around the stock-which may
be any size, from a half-inch to two
inches thick-to the depth of four to
six inches. Then cut off the stock far
enough down so that when the cion
is inserted the upper end will come
just above the surface of the ground.
Split it smoothly, make the graft with
one bud, and about four inches of
wood, taper it down to a smooth, even
wedge, and insert it in the cleft, tak-
ing care to have the inner bark of the
stock and the graft meet; then tie in
the graft with some raffia or soft twine
wound around enough to cover it air-
tight. Throw back the soil very care-
fully, to fill up around the clon, leav-
ing the bud just above the surface;
then place a flowerpot or small box
inverted over it for protection. Ordi-
narily this will be enough ,but if a
sharp frost is threatened, a little earth
should be thrown over the pot. This
protection is important; it prevents the
rain water from running down and
souring the cleft, also prevents it from
being knocked loose during the win-
ter. Grafting wax does not seem to
be an advantage as it is with tree
grafts; it sometimes injures the don
where it touches it.

One-year-old wood should be used for
cions, and only that which is firm and
well-ripened. If the wood Is very
short-jointed, two buds may be left
on the graft.
Grafts inserted in the fall will make
nearly as long a growth as the stock
would have done if not cut away. The
grape is not perfectly dormant, even
in the North; its buds are swelling all
winter, and if the graft is inserted ear-
ly a strong union is formed, and it
shoots up with great vigor.
The above directions will apply with
little change to the persimmon. It ib
seldom practicable to dig down very
far, as the base is thick and clumped.
Cut off the stock so as to leave a stub
long enough to split well, then Insert
the graft and mound up to keep it
moist. Leave the bud barely projecting
above the ground. Protect with stakes
or a box to keep the poultry and the
rabbits from knocking the clon loose.-
Farmer and Fruit Grower.
Pront's Potato'Patch.
Notwithstanding the recent rains, a
drive over the Allapattah Prairie on
Wednesday afternoon proved most en-
joyab:le, though there are execrable
spots on the roads, that ought to make
every man whose teams travel them
an enthusiastic advocate of quick road
improvement. By invitation of Editor
Blackman. of the Homeseeker, and ac-
companied by his wife and daughter,
Miss Fleda, a Metropolis reporter saw
the prairie just after a rain for the

first time. The first glimpse of
"Prout's famous potato patch" was
across the golf links west of town, and
as it had rained in the morning, it was
rather surprising to find a man plow-
ing a part of the field, which affords a
splendid evidence of the correctness of
Mr. Prout's belief that Irish potatoes
are one of the safest, quickest and
most profitable crops that can be rais-
ed by the farmers of this section. Hon.
W. W. Prout, ex-president of the Mi-
ani Board of Trade, and one of the
most progressive and loyal citizens of
this section, has had long experience
in agriculture for the government in
the West, and he has made a special
study of the resources of the soil
around Miami, with a view of discov-
ering what crops are specially adapted
to the soil, and to what crops the soil
can be adapted. He has believed for
solye time that Irish potatoes would
be profitable, and to demonstrate his
faith, he began several weeks ago to
prepare to plant 100 acres of prairie in
that popular edible, and the results
are agreeably surprising, even to Mr.
Prout himself. He has about 5 1-2
acres that were planted 37 days ago,
that now have potatoes as big as his
own fist, while on other vines that have
been planted 31 days, the tubers are as
big as big walnuts. Apparently the
plants are free from insects, and that
pest of the North, potato bugs, is
unknown. While the party were ex-
amining the field and questioning the
hands. Mr. Prout rode up on his wheel,
as merrily as though gliding along
the smooth boulevards of Miami, and
admitted that the results of his exper-
iments are beyond his expectations.
He now has 31 acres in potatoes, and
is extending his "patch" as rapidly as
possible, with prospects, to a layman,
of shipping the year roundp#for the
plants are in all stages, from a green
tip just peeping above ground, to the
full-grown vines, "knee deep," and
he is continuously planting. "This is
not the first time Prout has made ex-
pensive experiments for the public
good." and the services thus rendered
will add thousands of dollars annually
to the agricultural Interests of this
section.-Miami Metropolis.
4 *
If we could only settle our own trou-
bles as easily as our friends imagine
they can settle them for us, what a
happy life we would all enjoy.

How much society would be improv-
ed if women might be beautiful with.
out knowing it, and men brave andanot

Some books are to be tasted, others
to be swallowed, and some few to be
chewed and digested.-Bacon,




This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-

editor Florida Agriculturist:
I will thank you to tell me how to
make navels hold their fruit. My
trees were loaded with bloom last
spring but nearly all of it fell off so
that I only picked about a half box to
the tree. W. K.
Gotha, Fla.
We wish we possessed the desired in-
formation to impart to you.
There is one method that insures a
crop, but injures the vitality of the
tree, and that is, girdling just before
the time of blooming. Another plan is
to let the tree become root-bound. In
other words, let everything grow
around the tree that will and not dis-
turb the soil in any way, and broad-
cast a heavy application of fertilizer
with a high per cent. of potash.
In a conversation with a fruit grow-
er from California, recently, he inform.
ed us that the navels was the only sure
bearer that they have. When other va.
rieties failed, the navels would give a
crop. If we knew the peculiar condi-
tions in California that makes the na-
vel bear there, we might be able to
solve the problem that would make
them bear in this state.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
Will you kindly give me your opin-
ion as to the planting of oats and rye,
(which of the two) among our orange
trees to make them more dormant?
II. A. 8.
Tarpon Springs, Fla.
If you plant either oats or rye thick.
ly in your grove and close up around
the tree, they will not only absorb the
moisture in the soil, but also use up
your fertilizer, and thus take away the
supply of plant food, and by so doing
retard the spring growth. We doubt
if the "game is worth the powder" il
this case. If you follow this plan it
will be necessary to apply some quick
acting fertilizer to your trees and work
it in as soon as the danger from cold
is over.
Editor Florida Agricvlturist:
As a reader of your paper, I take the
liberty of writing to yqu for infornma-
tion. Having read that the beggar-
weed has done so much for Florida
soil and had it proved in my grove, the
idea occurred to me to use it to re-
suseltate the soil in this state (Pennsyl-
vania), therefore:
(1). Can beggarweed and velvet
beans be grown in Pennsylvania with
the same beneficial results as in Flor-
ida? (2). Are there any objections to
the trial of them here, such as not be-
lag able to kill same if deemed advis-
able, so as not to overrun the land, as
it (the weed), is a self-seeder.
N. S. P.
Nazareth, Pa.
Whether the beggarweed or velvet
bean will answer the purpose mention-
ed in Pennsylvania, can only be known
by actual trial. Twenty-five cents
worth of seed would give you sufficient
to make a test. You need have no
fear in regard to not being able to
eradicate either the velvet bean or beg-
garweed. The beggarweed is a self-
seeder, but the crop can be easily de-

editor Florida Agriculturst,
Can you inform me where I can ob-
tain the common goat and the probable
cost of same? I can find none advertis-
ed in your paper. W. F. K.
Grove City. Fla.
We do not know of anyone offering

goats for sale, but presume they are to
beb had in either the northern or west-
ern parts of the state. Anyone hav-
ing goats for sale should make it
known through the columns of the Ag-

RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks SO cents.
WRITE toJ.D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla., for
pineapple plants. 2tf
SALT SICK cured for one' dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
vile, Fa. 10x31-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. lMt
may bid on them standing tn 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersb
Florida. 40x1
FOR SALE-Sugar Mill and Bngine-Large
sized mill. will sell cheap. Apply to H. J.
TI l'FIN, Courtenay, Indian River, Fla. 2-4
jAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
Fla. 15tf
WANTED-Orange Trees-500 :to 1000
grafted or budded 3 to 4 year grafts or
buds. 4 to 5 leet high. Quotelow. H. J.
TIFFIN, Courtenay, Fla. 2x4
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding.
Cloth 50c,morocco 75c, postpaid. B. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand. Fla. 2t'
BELOIAN HARES-At all prices according
to size and and quality, Imported Pedigree
stock a specialty Correspondence olic-
ted. H. PRICE WILLIAMS, Miami, Fla.
FOR 8ALE-One thousand fine seedling pa-
per shell pecan trees trom choice nuts.
Cheap and ready for transplanting. Apply
to Mrs. ANNIE I.. SMITH, Boardman,
Fla. 4.1
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-$75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
A~l4ra^c 1> M H t are A rlcultrtnist 1e-.











PORTER BOS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
* rt EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shood go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Maut Quota-
tions, and Genral lastrutions for shopping Florida products supplied from the Jahcaoalln offie


Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank...............$12 00
SMyers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
S Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
S Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
SClimax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,

Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Oop-
SIper (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
p tl and Bpgor range Boxes
5haved Birch Hops. Fresh Ores
ilxed Hoops, Aamili and Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nails, Pineapple. Beanm, Catau
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
Ct riers, Lettuce Baskets., 1t.
ImpeiralPlows uduIltivaters. oft.
Catalogue and price lits on appli-
Jacksonville. Fla.
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.

PANCY POULTRY YARD-- Established all the best varieties ofOr-
1575 Twelve varieties- Eggs $1 perdo. i- ages, Pomelos, Kumquats,
Stock for sale Plymouth Rocks. W. Wy- e etc., and shall be glad to
dottes and Leghorns now laying. AL- show them to prospective
BERT FRIES, St. Nicholas, Fla. 4x6 show them to prospeotiv
planters. Can show both
IBUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Soldited.
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 4t
Prop. Tampa. Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine- L TABER, Proprietor
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to L TA P e ,
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and Glen St. Florida.
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so- (lien St. Mary, Florida.
limited. 42tf
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state. IVE SIDE NERIE tsuma Oranges on Tritolat
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata, V i Stock $15 to S5 per 100. Peach
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks, trees at $5 to 8 per100 ......
Best quality. Low prices. Address THE
sonville, Fla.. 41tf
HERE IS YO'R CHANCE--Por rent right T A A TET
the village of Pierson, one 10 room ho DANIE GLEN ST. MARY,FLA
and one 5 room house, each having a well
of good water, stove and some furniture.
Will lease the former for $8 and the latter
for $4 tier month Correspondence invited.
N. L. PIER ON. Pierson. Fla. 3
\VANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit. Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phr trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
gue free Address, THE GRIFPING
tR(iTIIERS Company, Jaeksonville, Fla.
Manufacturing Co., Lake Mary. Fla., t W ATCHES
will be glad to correspond with all per-0 W ATCH S
sons wis rg to sell CASSAVA this fall,
either for cash or in -xchange .or CAR-
SAVA FEED. Early arrangements will
be of value to growers and E PATK
President. 40x3.
NO\\ IS THE TIME to plant pecan nuts. F R E E
Frotcher's Egg Shell is the best. Select
nuts go forty to the pound. Also seedling
and grafted trees. American olive, a beau-
tiful evergreen tree, for parks, lawns and
hlndes. Lnuci grass plants, for the finest P ff N I Anyo ndir.s nw scri
very large., ingle specimens weigh one T llUlll NoU s 2 i w n cei -lace tem-wind
ounce. Perfectly adapted to Moir slil ar.d
climate. Best peaches for home and h.:p- and stem-et atc, aranteed by the manufactutret fo one yeat. SCU you
ping. W H. HASKELL, DeLand, Flir at c toTHE FLOBIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jactsonvil, Fih
dad ficum atOO anc toT wN AARC T RT aboslrNl


Clean the Bottles.
Many housewives keep a lot of empty
medicine bottles, old jugs and such
things in the cellar waiting for a time
when she will need them. When that
time comes, it makes no difference
how hurried she may be, she must
clean the bottles before they can be
used, and when the contents have been
allowed to dry in them that is no easy
task. Gather the bottles together, re.
move the corks and place them in a
dishpan or tubful of cear water to re-
main over night. In the morning take
the mout of the tub. fill each one half
full of water, and shake it well to re-
move the dirt that has been loosened
by soaking. Pour out, put them in a
wash boiler with water enough to cov-
er them, and add enough pearline to
make a strong suds. Let them heat
slowly until almost boiling hot. keep
them at this temperature for five or
ten minutes, then allow them to cool
gradually. Rinse in clear water, and
you will find them clear and free from
all disagreeable odor. Put new corks
in them and set them away. They will
he ready for use when you need them,
with no delay while you are cleaning
and airing them. Jugs, glass fruit
jars, pickle an i catsup bottles may be
cleaned the same way.
Kansas Housekeeper.

WV Absolutely Pre

Made from most highly refined and

healthful ingredients.

Assures light, sweet, pure and

wholesome food.

Housekeepers must exercise care in buying bak-
ig powders, to avoid alum. Alum powders ate
sold cheap to catch the unwary, but alum is a poi.
son, and its use in food seriously injures health.


All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Daily Exercise.
In these busy days most of us pay
too little heed to the need of moder-
ate dally exercise. It Is necessary for
those of us who follow sedentary pur-
units. If we would be strong and heal-
thy, to take a stated amount of exer-
else in the open air, and there Is noth-
ing better for this purpose than a
brisk walk or ride on a wheel in the
morning air. which invigorates and
freshens the entire system. Daily ex.
ercise of all the muscles is one of the
greatest aids to health and the sym-
metrical -development of the body.
This is a law of health which is very
generally disregarded, consequently
many of us have bent shoulders, weak
lungs, and a generally ungraceful car-
riage. A good exercise to call all the
muscles into play would be a simple
calisthenic exercise indulged in each
day, say for about fifteen or twenty-
five minutes at a time, or an exercise
with Indian clubs. If these exercises
were generally introduced into the
schools, they would be of vast benefit

in helping the children to grow up
straight and in giving them a good
command of all parts of the odly. It
is to be regretted that parents do not
feel more Interest in this matter. The
body is very much like a plant and
can be trained to grow up straight
and graceful as well as bent and crook.
ed. Boys and men on the farm often
drop down in a '"heap" on the wagon
seat when going about the country.
This perhaps Is the easiest way to sit,
but it is a very unsightly way, and
is a direct Injustice to themselves, be.
cause it makes them very unshapely.
Besides it causes the lungs to become
weak and less able to resist disease.
Next to a fine mind, there is nothing
that challenges our admiration so
much as a well developed specimen of
manhood. A good rule to follow is
daily moderate exercise that always
stops short of fatigue. Never exercise
until the body is wearied. This may
not be longer than five minutes the first
few times, but as you gradually ac-
quire strength you can increase the
time until you can exercise an hour
at a time without becoming tired. This
will be a great help In keeping the
body erect. It is well to give those
muscles that are least used, twice the
amount of exercise that you give the
rest of the body.

0 e
Father and Son on the farm.
Whether farm life is agreeable or not
to a boy depends to a very great ex-
tent on the relation between him and
the other memltrs of the family. If
the son and father enjoy each other's
company. they will have entire confi-
dence in each other, and the boy will
most likely grow up with a good, broad
view of life. drawn from the greater
experience of his father. This Is large-
ly the case with the relation between
brother and sister, but it is not so Im-
As a people, we Americans are not
in the least danger of being too polite,
and the earlier we begin the better for
us. But when the father and son do
not understand and indeed know each
other's opinions and pleasures, then is
wlIhn we may expect sorrow sooner or
Inter. In truth, it is surprising how
very few fathers take any interest In
their sons' interests and pleasures, ex-
cept to discourage them, and how very
few ever take the time to teach them
to work easily and well.
Some boys are interested in plants,
others in birds and insects, and if they
are encouraged just a very little, the
pleasure they derive from these things
will make their whole life bright, not
to mention the training in neatness and
accuracy they get by so doing. There
are too many things done on the farm
to keep the boys from getting spoiled,
just as though they were colts. They
dare not watch the plumber or light-
ning-rod man for fear they might get
lazy. when they would be only glad to
nmke up all the time lost.
Notice if you please, the way the
farmer boys make room for themselves
in the cities, and how they are appre-
ciated by the men of influence. These
men quickly recognize the kind of
stuff the boys are made of. Can any-
one tell me why these same boys are
never appreciated in the country?-
American Agriculturist.
House Planning.
Now that women architects have en-
tered the field, the interior arrange-
ments of houses are improving. Gen.
rally when a woman inspects a house
or room, she imagines herself arranging
the furniture in the different rooms and
living in them. In fancy she locate#
the dressing-table in the most conven-
ient place for it; if the window and gas
lights are not properly placed so as to
make dressing her hair a comfortable
process either at morning or night the
room is condemned at once. If there
is not sufficient clear wall space for
the bed to stand against without block-
ing a door or window or shutting off a
mantel, it is a difficult matter to recon-
cile her to it at all. It is the same
with the kitchen and pantry. No man

Choice Vegetables

always bring high prices.

To raise them success-

fully, a fertilizer con-

taining at least 8 %

Potash should be used.

Our books furnish useful information on
all subjects relating to
crop raising. They are-
Ssent fre.

can have a practical knowledge of the
requirements of a well-appointed kitch-
en, unless he is a cook or a butler.
There are many other points about a
home that, when considered, add to its
pleasure, and, if neglected, make it a
continual source of annoyance. Wo-
men ought to know best what those
points are and for that, if no other
reason, it is argued ought to study the
architects' profession more generally.
It would give a new field of labor and
be useful knowledge, though she used
it only for her own benefit and comfort.
-Waverly Magazine.
A Delicious Way of Cooking Sweet
To prepare the potatoes according to
the Southern mode we are told that
they should be peeled and boiled until
they are thoroughly but not too wel
cooked. They should be cut into four
pieces lengthwise and placed in a tin
baking pan. Butter and sugar should
be placed over the potatoes abundant-
ly before they are put in the oven to
bake slowly. After awhile, the but-
ter and sugar mingling with the Juice
of the potatoes, forms a delicate crust
that should be cooked until it has al-
most reached the point at which it is
candy. Under this crust is a thick,
rich syrup of the sap of the potatoes,
sugar and butter. Anybody who has
eaten sweet potatoes in this way will
never be satisfied with any other way
of cooking them. The principal merit
of this method lies, of course, in having
them thoroughly cooked. The fire must
be slow and the cooking must continue
nntil the sugar and butter on top of
the potatoes have formed a crust.-Ex.
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Slr:-Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collis,
presented to me a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de-
mand. Since that time several Instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous In its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend It to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.

A rich lady, cured of her deafness &ad
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholaon's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave 0000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address Ilne. The Nicholeas In-
stitute, U1 Eilhth Avenue New Terk.


All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Poultry Dept Jacksonville. Fla.

Orlando is never asleep. Whether
it is raising oranges, pineapples or
poultry, she makes a big effort to be
In the lead and generally gets there.
The latest effort is the forming of a
Poultry and Pet Stock Association.
Tils association will hold a fair on
January 30th and 31st. It is reported
that a fine exhibit is expected, as many
have already promised to contribute.
Cash prizes have been offered to ex-
hibitors, and those interested should
at once write to the secretary of the
Orlando Poultry and Pet Stock Asso-
ciation for full particulars.

The Best Table Fowl.
The popular fowl for the table must,
in most sections of this country, be the
possessor of yellow legs. Just how the
color of the legs can affect the flavor
of the flesh is one thing that even thc
strongest advocates of the yellow legs
have been unable to satisfactorily ex-
It is true that American breeds all
have yellow legs but this is only be-
cause the popular demand for that
color and the contrasting colors of legs
and plumage add to the appearance of
the fowl. If a vote as to which was the
best table fowl was to be taken today
it would result in the choice of the
Plymouth Rock or Wyandotte, with-
out a doubt. These are both good breeds
for any purpose, and while we do not
wish to say anything that would de-
tract from their popularity, we just
want to say, there are others whose
claims are equally as good. The Hou-
dan. Orpington. Iangshan, Dorking and
game are either of them as fine a
table fowl as the most fastidious epi-
cure could desire, yet neither of these
have yellow legs, except that occasion-
ally that color will crop out in some
strain of pit games. The utility people
have accused the fancier of injuring
the standard breeds by breeding too
closely in order to obtain some fancy
point, while they themselves have en-
couraged this yellow leg fad to tile det-
riment of several of our most valuable
Practical comllminsense should teach
us that if a fowl has a good-sized,
plump body, with not too much bone,
it would make a good table fowl, and
that the color of the legs has no more
effect on thie quality of flesh than the
colors of the feathers has.
The dark-plumaged varieties have
been objected to on account of having
dark pin-feathers. It is true they do
not make as attractive an appearance.
While we personally do not care to eat
feathers of any color, we cannot see
why a dark-colored pin-feather should
taste any worse than a white one.-
Texas F'arln and tlanch.
Practical Housing.
A word about building chicken
houses. Do not build then large
enough to house all the chickens
on the farm; it is poor economy, very
unhealthy for tie chickens. Fifty liens
is enough in one house, and thirty-tive
or forty better. If you are only going
to keep fifty hens, by all means have
them in two houses and have the
houses some distance apart. Why?
Your hens will not lie confined to a
close a range, and if from some cause
disease should get into one hose. you
have a chance by taking it in lime,
with proper care, to confine it to :ne
hen house, and not let it spread
through your whole flock.
Do _not build your house half or
more of open iathwork, for the wind
to blow through. "\Vith nI house of this
kind your chickens are always in a
draught, and, except that the rain dor.
not fall on them, they are little or nc
better off than in the trees.
My idea of a cheap, practic:ml nl1
comfortable chicken house Is about
like this: 6x8 shed roof, 4 feet lowei
side, 8 feet front, boarded up tight all

around except over the door, which Is
in the front, or high side, with 12 In-
ches space of open lathwork above the
door to the roof. This affords good and
ample ventilation. The roosts are all
the same height, 2 feet from the floor.
This kind of a house has many advan-
tages over a large one. It is easily
moved to a new location and more
easily kept clean. It is easier to build
and healthier for the chickens.-Pet
Stock Tribune.
Please tell me why my chickens
droop around and appear to have no
appetites. I feed them all they will
eat early in the morning, giving a
mash of scraps and corn meal, and give
them corn meal in the evening. A
month ago they seemed healthy and al-
ways ate with apparent relish, but now
they don't seem to care to' eat, and
.their combs look black. Kindly tell
me what to do for them.
A Subscriber.
The method of feeding is altogether
wrong. and the fowls have indigestion.
Fowls that are given a full mealeearly
in the morning take no exercise, with-
out which they cannot long remain
healthy. An article in this Issue on
alloww to Feed" gives a very good
,'iili. though individual cases must
lr. ,rminc the individual method.
fit thle nili;ntime compel the fowls to
fai.t a few days. giving only a little
grain at intervals of every two hours
during tle day. and let them go to
roost hungry. They will soon regain
their lost appetites and relish the food
you give them.-Home and Farm.
How to Feed.
It is not always an easy matter to
determine just how to feed poultry,
since local conditions have much to do
with the details. If all climates were
the same and all foods equally easy to
procure. then the question would be
an easy one: but all things being dif-
ferent. we are forced to select that
method which seems best suited to
our individual case. A good way. and
one which seems most generally ac-
-repted. is as follows:'
One quart of grain-oats, wheat or
barley. varied as in the order named-
to each fifteen fowls. as early as they
can see to come from roost. Or, better
still. scatter it at night and bury well
in the straw of scratching shed, and let
the fow-ls Is'gin on it early next morn-
At noon more grain, treated as be-
fore-in fact, as often during the day
as the fowls cease to work. In the
evening a quart to each dozen fowls
of cooked mash. composed of cooked
vegetlales aind equal parts of corn
meal and middlings, slightly salted.
An ounce to each fowl twice a week
of ground green hone. with a generous
supply of grit and fresh water.-Home
and Farm.
The Value of Poultry Ianure.
Poultry i:mure has the most value
whien kept in the dry: its value is also
largely dependent upon the kind of
food wlhicll the fowls deposit. As a
rule the poultry is given richer food
than alny other farm stock. Wheat. rye,
corn. also scraps from the table add to
their fare; hence their droppings must
possess considerable fertilizing value.
We keep thes poultry together in the
hennery as much as possible. The floor
is kept dry. being covered with ashes
obtained at a planing mill at a cost of
S51 cents per bushel. Regularly every
week it is removed and stored In a dry
place, shoveled over and enough ab-
sorbent added to keep from heating. It
is astonishing how much accumulates.
If we wish to drill the manure It Is
Sifted: otherwise it is applied from the
wagon directly. If farmers who keep
poultry and let the manure go to waste
would try this plan they would save
Senouei the first year in fertilizer bills
to build a poultry house and fence a
yard for their private fertilizer factory.

Nests for Layers.
Many claim that the nests should
he on the ground. but all claims that
ien should have their nests on the
moist -round are but theories, and un-
1 supportlel by facts,. What is required
t for tlte IT'll ;I winter Is a snug. warm
:loation. while in summer she should
1 have a cool place. The best material

for a nest is dry earth on the bottom,
with chopped hay over the earth. Then
dust the nest, hens and eggs with Per-
sian insect powder, put a small quan-
tity of tobacco refuse in the nest and
clean it thoroughly should an egg be-
come broken or the nest foul. The bro-
ken eggs cause lice quicker than any-
thing else. But first see that the hen
has no lice then give her good eggs and
she will bring off a brood if she has a
warm and comfortable nest. The nest
should be made movable, so as to be
taken outside for cleaning. It should
never be placed where any of the
fowls can cause it to be filthy or roost
upon it. It should never be so high as
to compel efforts to reach it, as the
large breeds will prefer to lay on the
ground rather than to each a high nest
even when footway is provided, to say
nothing of the fact that some of the
hens learn to fly over a fence by first
learning to reach a high nest. Never
have the nest in a barrel or so con-
structed that the hen jumps down to it,
as broken eggs will be the consequence
but rather so place the entrance as to
permit her to walk in upon the eggs.
The nest should be placed in a dark
position, or so arranged that the in-
terior will be somewhat dark, which
will be a partial protection against egg
eating. For a flock of one dozen hens,
four nests well be suffcient.-Ameri-
can Gardening.
Good Layers.
Editor Poultry Department:
I am very much Interested in this de-
partment, because I think that the
raising of fowls should be one of the
most interesting as well as one of the
most profitable employment for the
farmer's wife. A farmer's wife who
does not take pride in her fowls and
does not raise large flocks, loses much
of the pleasures of farm life. Fresh
eggs and nice young, frying size chick-
ens are luxuries of the farm that peo-
ple shut up in cities often covet.
But to make poultry raising profit-
able one should take care to get a
strain of good layers. Any of the wiry,
energetic breeds will answer for this
purpose, but they will not always be
good sitters.
Lazy chickens are not generally good
egg producers, though they are good
sitters, and sometimes make the best
kinds for the table.
One of the best breeds for all pur-
poses that I have ever known was com-
posed of a cross between Leghorns,
Minorcas and common fowls. They
gave satisfaction in every particular.
They were the most indefatigable
workers that I ever saw, and were
healthy, vigorous growers and good
layers. They ranged over a five-acre
lot and kept the surface of the ground
well torn up. especially In the acre
around the house and garden. They
also paid particular attention to the
garden, and the flower yard, working
them at every possible opportunity.
The more we prized a flower, the more
assiduous they were in their attentions
to it, and in many cases they dug it
up more than once and frequently suc-
ceeded in killing it entirely. Their feet
were abnormally developed, which
made it possible for them to scratch
very deep holes, a thing they never
failed to do. But they were such good
egg producers that their mischief mak-
ing propensities were overlooked, for
they kept us supplied with fresh eggs
when our neighbors had none and
when they were scarce in the market.
We had eggs at all times of the year.
at least enough to supply the home
table. They were enough like the com-
mon stock to be fairly good sitters,
and the young chicks were healthy and
ma'rred early.
Some poultrymen say that a cross
breed does not give good results, but
these chickens gave us more satisfac-
tion than all the pure breeds we ever
had. unless it might be the Plymouth
Rock. I do not think they would have
done so well with less range. This
cross was produced by exchanging
eggs with the neighbors, all of whom
had good breeds.
Mrs. Caroline.

First Tramp-"Do yer t'ink de shirt
waist has come ter stay?"
Second Tramp-"Sure! We'll be wear-
in' dem ourselves nex' summer."-Ex.

e us 1yrup. Tess (d. U
Intime. SO

Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make potutry walsin
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pags.
Send to day. We sell best liquid Ice kirl-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum le
bands tor poultry, 1 dos.. 0 otd; X for U
cts: 60 for 0 cts; 100 for S.

To properly digest Its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which I1
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida
Goods very Inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer It at
100 tb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. 0. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers In all kinds of Fer-
tilizing Materials.

Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
Monticello, Fla.

If your fowls are troubled with lice
or Jiggers, send $1.25 and get 130
pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
It in your coops. The tobacco Is guar-
anteed to be unleached. Fiud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla.


Special Bargain
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on In-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., ..Brow, Fa.

f~i I Illll l

but what 8ssss SAY, that Ta.T the strr.
L. B. Robertson, Receiver,

Fruit Crowers

Bone. uriste Potasaub.ulphb Pa oh,
Acid Pophate and Kalal
Ammonia, Sulphate Copper, Bordeau
A Mranote Lime. Pari- Gree. Arenite
Lead. Whale Oil Soea Gerosene Raul-
Send for priees Estabt i. 11.,
W. S. POWELL a uo.,
Iatlmore, Md.

SEEDS! KNs Seeds!
Vegetable, Garden and Flower.
.t Send for Catalog. .



The very excellent woman who was
cook in my father's household was af-
flicted with a serious impairment of vis-
ion in the last years of her service. I
remember how she used to take a big
pinch of salt and wave it over a roast of
meat with the mistaken notion that she
was dropping a little here and there,
when she would suddenly open her hand
and all the salt would fall in one place.
It is thus that blind fate seasons our
lives with the condiment of adventure.
As a rule we get it in a lump!
This philosophical reflection is sug-
gested by the recent remarkable experi-
ence of a young friend of mine. She
is a charming girl, blonde, petite and
graceful and possessed of a very prom-
ising voice, for the cultivation of which
she came to the city. She took up her
abode in a genteel boarding house
where some friends of hersr were living.
and everything was very ordinary and
commonplace. Her early life had run
as quiet as the brooks mentioned by
Spartacus, the gladiator, and there was
no reason to suppose that it would not
continue to do so.
She had been to the theater with her
friends and had had a bit of supper
and was home again a little after mid-
night. As she entered the dark room
the moon peeped in through the window
at her. It was a thin. silver crescent and
it looked very nice up there in the sky.
Edith threw a couple of cushions on the
floor by the window and sat there gaz-
ing at the heavens. There was nothing
especially romantic about it-the moon
and the stars were pretty, that was all.
How long she sat there she does not
know. She was suddenly startled by
the opening and closing of a door. The
key turned in the lock. and then she
heard the ring of it as it fell to the floor.
Facing about she saw the dark figure
of a man by the door. The form was
barely distinguishable in the gloom.
Edith tried to scream, but, greatly to
her surprise, her voice wouldn't serve
her: it seemed to be cogged like one's
limbs in a nightmare. This was sur-
prise, not fear.
The intruder heard her. however. He
had been standing in a stooping posi-
tion, with his ear against the door, but
he sprang away from it and faced her at
the sound of her choked cry.
"You keep still!" he said in a voice so
monstrously hoarse and rough that she
knew it must be assumed. "If you make
a noise I'll kill you."
There was just light enough for her
to see a shining object in the hand that
was outstretched toward her.
Edith was brave: most people are
who have been guarded from alarms
during their youth. What she lacked was
not courage but experience. Courage
said: "Keep cool. Don't make a fuss.
He won't hurt you." Experience would
have said: "Yell like a scared elephant!
It's the only chance you've got."
"What do you want?" she demanded.
"What are you doing here?"
"Keep still." he said in a growling
Edith keep still. It seemed to her that
there had never been any such stillness
before. The house was like a tomb, and
the whole city outside was listening and
forgot to murmur.
"I must think. I must think." the girl
was saving to herself, but she couldn't
think. She knew this man was a burglar
but all her other ideas went whirling
round and round in absurd confusion.
There was a sound of steps in the hall-
The door of the large room at the rear
of the hall was opened. Edith had never
seen the lodger there but she knew the
room was occupied by a man. She open-
her mouth to scream.
Now, the burglar being an experienc-
ed person, knew perfectly well that this
impulse would seize her at that moment.
He knew also that if he sprang upon
her her voice would be released from
her throat. Instead he merely thrust his
revolver close to her face. The sudden
clear view of this object had almost a
hypnotic influence. Instead of scream-
ing she started back with a gasp and
threw up her hands as if to ward off a
"I ain't going to hurt you," growled

the man. "I'm going to stay here about
two minutes and then I'm going' to skip.
Don't you yell after I'm gone, because
if you do I'll come back and fix you
for it. Have you got any money?"
"I have only a few cents," she said.
and, greatly to her surprise, he seemed
to know that she was telling the truth.
"Gimme that watch," he continued,
and, with wild rage in her heart, min-
gled with contempt of herself for yield-
ing, she gave him the diamond studded
trinket that was her most cherished
How he knew that she had a watch
was a mystery to her, even in that mo-
ment. Poor child! She had clutched at
it in the bosom of her dress the instant
he had asked her for her money.
He took it in his hand and then some
sudden change seemed to come over
him. He sprang back to the door and
put his head against it for a moment.
Then, with frantic haste, he began to
feel around on the floor for the key.
He seemed not to pay any attention to
her, and this was so surprising that she
forgot to cry out, though she could have
done it then with safety.
She saw that he was fumbling in his
pockets. Then he tried the door with-
out any attempt to do so quietly. It
rattled under his hand, but it was heavy
and strong.
"Get matches!" he called over his
shoulder to her. "Light a match and
hold it down here on the floor."
She was more than willing to help
him get out even though he had her
watch, and she ran toward him. fancy-
ing that she knew where the key had
fallen. In that instant she realized what
was in his mind.
'As she came forward a strong and
acrid blast struck her in the face. Smoke
was whirling in around the door. A sud-
den and awful cry arose from the lower
part of the house.
"There ain't any fire escapes on this
house." said the man in a tone that
would have frightened an iron image
it was so full of terror. We're locked
in. We're done for."
He shoved the door once more and
then groveled on the floor seeking the
key. He was talking to himself. His
voice had taken on a different tone.
"I must have set it afire with those
matches in the basement." he said. Un-
less the firemen get us we're gone."
'Edith was on the floor by this time
groping about as madly as he was. And
that is her last memory of the scene.
Confused and vague impressions suc-
ceeded the actual recollection. She seem-
ed to be clutched by some creature of
enormous strength, to be dragged ovel
rough places and then up. nu in the
dark, where there was no air. There
was a sound of fierce blows struck unon
some resounding substance and sudden-
ly a sense of peace and safety. It seemed
as if she were lying in a field at home
where she used to play. There was no
more danger or trouble. She would
have been happy lying there, but for the
strange pain in her throat, happy and
content to lie there looking up at the
stars. The stars? Why to be sure. There
they were, blinking down at her. and
she was not in the field, but on the roof
of a house. Some one was crouching be-
side her and holding her head on his
"You're all right now." he said. "We
came up through the scuttle. I'll tell
you it was a hard fight. But don't vou
worry. Here's your watch. I picked it
up off the floor."
He propped her against some small
structure on the roof and put the watch
into her lap. She could see his face
quite clearly. It was a dark. handsome.
manly countenance. The voice was no
longer rough: it was of a deep register.
but soft and sympathetic in tone.
"You risked your life to save me!"
she cried.
"Well. I couldn't leave you there in a
dead faint, you know." he responded
almost apologetically. "There are some
things a fellow simply can't do."
"I don't see how you can do anything
that isn't right." she said. "You don't
look capable of it."
"You are very flattering." he replied.
And now you won't be frightened if I
leave you here alone? We're quite a
long way from the fire. I've carried you

over three or four roofs. Ah, here comes
some people."
A scuttle in the roof was lifted and a
man's head appeared. He climbed out
and another followed. There was quite a
party, both men and women, who had
come to watch the destruction of their
neighbor's property. The rescued maid-
en appealed to their sympathies in-
stantly, and they all volunteered to ac-
company her to the street to look for
her friends. One of the men assured her
that all had escaped from the house and
that no one had been injured.
"I'm going to slip away," said her res-
cuer in her ear, "if you need me no
"We can not talk now," she said. "I
can not thank 'you as I would wish to.
Promise me that you will give me an-
other opportunity-and-and-tell me
your name."
"Promise me that you won't mention
it," he said earnestly. "There are rea-
"Yes, I fully understand. I promise."
"My name is rather grewsome," said
he. "It's Graves-David Graves. Don't
tell on me. please. I couldn't stand it to
get into the papers."
"You need have no fear that I will
betray you." she replied. "I feel in re-
gard to you more than I can say.
Promise me that you will let me see you
again. My name is Edith Mason, and
-and I don't live anywhere now, of
course, but you can always address me
at Burton's conservatory of music. In-
deed you can see me there. Promise
me you will."
"I promise gladly." he said.
"And meanwhile," she continued,
"don't let anything drive you to-to
that again."
"To what?'"
"Burglary," she whispered, quaking.
"It must be some terrible need that
forces a man like you to such a life. I
can help you. My family and my
friends will do anything for you if you
will let me tell the truth. I have no
money, as I told you. but-but won't
you take my watch? It was so good of
you to restore it to me. Take it and
sell it and pay your way until you and
I can talk and come to some decision
about what you can do. Please. please.
take it!"
She thrust her treasure into his hand.
He sank back on the lower parti-wall
dividing that roof from the next.
"I'm afraid I don't quite understand."
he said feebly. "Are you sure you're
quite right in-in your mind? Dreadful
shock, you know. Wouldn't you better
go down into this house and get some
rest ?"
"No. no: I am all right!" she cried.
"Don't hesitate to take the watch. 1
really mean to give it to you."
"But I could not take such a reward."
he gasped. 'And as for money and do-
ing things for mecwhy. I'm not poor,
I'm quite well off."
"Then why-why did you do it?" she
whispered frantically.
"Do what?" he demanded.
'Why what you did tonight?" she
gasped. 'That dreadful trade! That
"My poor child." he said tenderly.
"this has been a great deal too much
for you. hasn't it? I can readily under-
stand how you're upset. But this bur-
glar business really is queer, you
"You don't mean to deny." she whis-
pered. "that you broke into that house
and set it afire by lighting matches in
the basement and held a pistol in my
"Did-did somebody do that!" he ex-
"Don't! Don't speak so loud! Denial
is useless. and"-
"Miss Mason." he said very gently.
"I am-or was-your neighbor. I had
the room back of yours in that house
I had iust come in when the fire broke
out. I ran into the hall. Your door
was open. I saw-and. oh. thank heav-
en that that I saw-the white of your
dress upon the floor within. You had
fainted. In picking you up in my arms
I found your watch lying beside you
The stairs were impassible. Somehow
we got to the roof. I don't know any
more about it."
She took both his hands by a sudden
impulse and looked into his face. Then

she laughed with sheer nervousness
perhaps. or with joy that this man to
whom she owed so much was not what
she had thought him.
"How can I thank you? How can I
beg your pardon?" she asked.
"Easily, easily." said he. "Just don't
mention my name. The confounded
papers would write me up as a hero. I
have a more than mortal horror of that
fate. Just let's keep it for our secret,
please. As for thanks, some day I may
ask for them"-
"And not be denied."-Texas Farm
With seventy years of success at its
back tile McCormick Harvesting Ma-
chine Company enters upon a new
century of achievement. It would seem
that ierfection had been attained by
the designers and manufacturers of the
implements which have borne the name
"McCormick" around the globe. Mc-
Coriick Im'ehine have the largest sales
and are built in the largest works In
the world. The avowed design of the
McC'ormick Company is to give all
their implements greater capacity and
longer life than are lpossedssd by oth-
er machines made for the same pur-
Ioses. Il the present tendency for
cheaplness of construction, the an-
nouncement of such an aim, brings
with it satisfaction to the farmers of
the world. The MeCornnick machines
are tini tested. The verdict of years
has been rendered in their favor. The
McCormick motto is "The Best in the
The Orange Situation.
Tile Northern trade exchanges of late
have '*en saying many hard things
about Florida oranges. For instance,
"A green. disreputable-looking orange
has a loor show against a sweet, ripe
Jamaica or a slick, handsome, even if
somewhat immature. California." Or
this: "'l'he demand is lighter than us-
ual. anwl is tilled mostly by California
fruit, nhich. so far, is better colored
than t'e Floridas, and has more sat-
isfactory keeping qualities." But the
anctions perhaps, hit the hardest
blows. Take these sales, for Instance,
from the same auction, same day:
"Floridas. 623: boxes. $2.20da$3.05: 365
boxes. California navels. $3..3'7$3.4,5;
budded. $1.S,($2.90~; 500) boxes Flor-
idas. $1.95tbL$2.8,): (1 Ioxes California
navels. $2.7i'K Wt.:l." etc.
To the unsophistiented Floridian it
may seoin rather unjust to hurl such
epithets :s these at our fruit. In the
mark rs of Jacksonville today there
are thousands of good oranges; not
as good yet as they will be in January,
but still very decent oranges, which,
by tile scal of points of the State Hor-
ticultunll Society. would class pretty

Sis made of steel
and nickle-plated.
It's strong and
durable. You can
build any kind of farm fence with it
to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
60 rods a day, at less than half the
cost of any ready-made fence. Cata-
logue free. Price $4.75. charges pre-
paid. Superior Fence Machine Co.,
184 Grand River Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Good agents wanted.

FIT FOR $1 I will send you a
Prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. The
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.

We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla,


well up in juice characteristics. We
saw se've'al dozen boxes from a shed-
ded grove in Volusia county, which.
externally, would rank with the best
of the old orange belt before the freeze,
selling readily right here in lackson.
ville at $2..1 per half-box-two tiers of
96i-ar $.I per full Imx. This merchant
was not quarreling with Florldas, but
another said somewhat impatiently, in
reply to our question: "Oh. green,
sour -ind lpmr! We have lost all inter-
est in tlihcl." Prolbaly Ihis teeth were
still' on edge froin some of the oranges
receiv,*l six weeks ago.
An Ald Floridian. sitting with his
sliplered feet before a line-knot blaze.
enjoying alternately his favorite mag-
azine and :1 Florida russet, would be
a hard man to contend with today to
try to (co,'-ince him that the latter is
not a little the Iwst orange going. Fill-
ing the rooun with its aroma, full-lod-
led, a lile blend of acid and sugar,
sprightly-what are you quarreling
But in that scale of points there are
some uncomfortable things-lphysical
characteristics. These, we regret to
say, control the verdict of the vast ma-
jority of mankind, especially of the
wonm'n, who dominate tile market and
the iard,:-.. The greater part of their
lives is pi based in the study of physh-
cal :-harleleristics. though they sim-
plify that hit of learned phrasing by
calling then form. figure, beauty. etc.
The old Floridian does not look very
hard :t his orange: he may glance a
little at the oil-cells, then lie weighs
It In his hal;d. He notices sundry dis.
figurements of the peel; for instance,
a certain dark shade, in sonme instances
almost a "seal-brown," as the ladies
would say. It is a new affliction, mel-
anose (black disease). It is worse than
the old familiar russet disease; it is
darker. Sometimes it occurs in de-
tached, round spots. as if drops of
some caustic had fallen on the peel and
slightly Mairned it. causing these spots
to shrink and dry down. It does not
generally injure the flavor of the or-
ange. any more than the russet color
does; but it is a serious blemish.
Offer a melanose or even a dark rus-
set or:iuge to a grand dame in a North-
ern city, a leader of fashion, selecting
fruit to be presented to her guests at
a holiday banquet, in a dish of cut
glass flashing like crystal, or one of
polished silver, with the other appoint-
ments of the table in like elegance,
spotless linen, celery brightly green-
what would be her verdict? "Oh, the
horrid, ugly things!" Supposing, by a
stretch of imagination, our old Florid-
ian seated at that resplendent board, he
would probably himself be ashamed
of the r-ugh-looking orange which he
would have enjoyed so greatly in his
cozy room before the pine-knot blaze,
without once thinking how it looked.
How could our homely russet compare
In such grand company with Califor.
nia navels, smug and smirk, with its
face as bright as a schoolboy's just
washed, and its one big pop-eye wide
open to see what was going on? To
be ad.nitt-e to that company even the
Texas pecans have to be polished like
mahogany, the flour for the bread is
bolted again and again, the butter, the
pickles and the tea are colored-even
if poisoned by it-the coffee is strained
and clarified. What chance has a half-
breed orange, let alone a black one?-
T.-U. & C.

Every farmer should apply to the
nearest McCormick agent for a copy
of the most beautiful and artistic cal.
endar ever issued free Iy any harvest-
ing machine house and obtain at tile
same time a catalogue of the machines
manufacturer% by this company for
1901. Both the calendar and the cata.
logue are magnificent spReilnens and
demonstrate that the McCormick Com-
pany, after 70 years of snccess, co ,
tinues to supply the agriculturist with
the finest and most modern machines
in the world.

Early Florida Vegetables.
The sharp cold this week had a rath.
er depreeing effect on early Florida

vegetables, but did not prevent them
coming in very good condition and
moving out promptly.
String beans were not quite so act-
ive last week. The tender beans must
be left indoors in cold weather, and
some buyers will pass by a closed
front door. Then, too, receipts were
heavier. But trade was good enough,
and should not be compared with last
week, when it was extremely active.
Florida lettuce. cncumlnrs, eggplant
Ind squash, also. are coinng fairly
well and are increasing all the time:
also. they are doing better right along.
"We no longer are compelled to de.
pend on canned vegetables," said a
merchant this week. No sooner are
nearby vegetables out of market than
Florida produce begins, and then on
pll the coast. So that we now have
aIn all-the-year-round market garden on
green vegetables. except tomatoes,
which will not lIegin to come in ade-
supply till after the holidays."- Fruit
Trade Journal.
There is more Catarrh in this see-
tion of the country than all other dis-
eases put together, and until the last
few years was supposed to be incur-
able. For a great many years doctors
pronounced it a local disease, and ore-
scribed local remedies, and by con-
stantly failing to cure with local treat-
ment, pronoit ed it incurable. Science
has proven Catarrh to be a constitu-
tional disease, and, therefore; requires
constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. .1.
Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only
constitutional cure oil the market. It
is taken internally in doses from 10
drops to a teaspoonful. It acts direct-
ly on the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system. They offer one hundred
dollars for any case it fails to cure.
Send for circulars and testimonials.
F. .. CHENEY & CO, Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

Items of Interest.
For the past ten years the wise men
Ilave Iwen demonstrating by means of
figures and theories that cotton grow-
ers must expect permanently low
prices for their product. It is said that
England is encouraging cotton cul-
ture in India and Egypt. and that Ger-
many and France hope tb grow the
crop in their own colonies. These
countries are the bIst customers for
American cotton. It is but natural
that they should attempt to supply at
least a part of the cotton required by
their mills and it seemed reasonable
to expect that they would il time sue.
ceedl ill long so. America had at one
time a monopoly in supplying tlem
wvitil tobacco. lint tille hl:s broken that.
There wias good reason to expert that
cotton had been pernianelify cheapen-
ed. yet. within the past week the price
has jmllped to over 10 cents a pound.
It is true that this year's crop is re-
ported shot in some sections, yet this
would not entirely account for the rise.
It is onle of those strange freaks of
trade which cannot le explained. It
will prove a blessing to tlhe Southern
fariler. and seellms to show that in
spite of all tile efforts of Europeans,
America is still to slupily the world
with cotton. Itural New Yorker.
That a newspaper reflects the condi-
tions of life. the comllmrcial activity
and the progress of a co inliunity lt
which it is ulllilishled. cannot lie ques-
tioned. So tile Iuan: who hells his home
palpers lends a helping hand to his
town. Where lsople take the greatest
prode in their newspapers you will
always find a town or city that is wide.
awake and ol the road to greatness.
If the people of every community were
as loyal to their hoie palpers as tile
Ipaliers are to tlhc town and its people
there would Ie Itetter papers publish-
ed.-Tucson Citizen.
0 &
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit.
able Dalryln.




Na bllk 5wdsr sheik the markt CO mame wth th "NEW RIVAL" hIn me i.
a it sdmre tig sda uil. Sure isad waterpreo. Oetthesembe.
uI EP.ATMN D1E -M R. I Nlm H Crn

$4.00 for $2.00!!
SSeed yon must have to make a garden. and the AGRlcULTo~ IS yon should have to be a
sncesl ngardner. You can get them both at theopriee ot one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we wil'fend you the following list of.choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of


Beans, Extra Early Bed Valen-
tine.. ........ ....... .10
New Stringless Green
Pod.... ...............10
Dwarf German Black
Wax................ .10
Burpees Large Bush LI-
ma. ...... .... .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ..... 5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............. .5
Early Summer.. ...... .. .5
Griffing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
S Long Green Turkish.. .. .5

Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Thornless. ........ ..
Lettuce, Big Boston...... ....
Onions, Red Bermuda..........
SGriffing's White Wax.. ..
Peas, Alaska.. .. .. ............
S Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne.........
Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful ........ ..
Grilfing's Early Scar-
let....... ... ... ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty............
Money Maker..........
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. ..
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....

Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.

Given as a Premiumnfor One New Subscriber.

Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,

Jacksonville ,Fla.


Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
rapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
.0.EstabUlisldia 11A5606 A C


S E E Jacksonvllle,tFla.

Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO..
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jackonville, Fla.



]Farmers' Attention
"Is a man influenced more by here- In every town *Far e rs' Attention.
idity or by environment?" ad lla
"Humph! If heredity brings a man an village SPECIAL SPRING GOODS.
money hl can make his own environ- may be had
ment"-Chicago Record. the Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
Husband-"Didn't you tell that cook
I wanted my breakfast right on the a SEOROIA STOCKS.
ife "I did." Mica SPRAYING OU1FIMIS,
"And what did she say?"
"She said that we all have our disap- A And everything in grove and farm implements and supplies.
polntments."--Llfe. Axle Poultry Netting ipped to ay staton in Florida at low Columbia Bicycles,
The old-stager-"Young man, If you t est prices . ..
would be successful, you must do two CHARTER OAK STOVES,
things. First, get some enemies." CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUrIPS.
The Aspirant-"And second." Write for Prices.
The old-stager-"Second, irritate
them so that they will make you prom- .1" that makes your GEORGE H. FERNALD, ... Sanford, Fla.
Inent."-Bazar. horses glad.
The South American stretched him-
self. yawned and sat up.
"Well, how goes the government?"
asked the visitor who had just entered, to. The man demanded your hand like
"How do I know?" was the answer- a highmaynan holding up a coach.
Ing question. "I've been asleep for Consent? My gracious! I believe, from
over an hour."-Chicago Post. the way he looked and acted. he would
have knocked me down if I hadn't. Hail rs
Wunn-But if you insist that the Daughter-Oh, it can't be. You must
man who works for the public good have been dreaming. Why, when he
without hope of gaining gratitude is proposed to me he trembled so that he
a crank, what do you call the man that could hardly speak, and he looked so
expects gratitude? weak and nervous I had to hurry up
Tuther-Him? Oh, he's just a plain and say "Yes" to keep him from faint.
fool.-Indianapolis Press. ing.--London Answers.
Mike (opening his pay envelope)-- Pm] f
"Faith, that's the stingiest man I ever "Must I tell you once more to stop
worked for." that noise?" asked the mother.
Pat-"Phwat's the matter wid ye; "I'd just as lief you wouldn't, moth-
didn't ye git as much as ye expected?" er." replied the supernaturally bright
Mike-"Yes, but I was counting' on boy.-Philadelphia North American.
gittin' more than I ixpected."-Phila LT ST.E
dlphia Press. "It amusese me to hear Hopperdyke
say lie is a man of few words."
-'Is this awful big dragon the 'Jab- "Well. he is; but he can talk you The TreatThrougn Car Line From Floida
Eierwock,' gran'ma?" to death with the few that he does C
"I guess so. Why, Tommy?" know.--Chlengo Tribune.
"'Cause if it's the 'Jabberwock,'
gran'ma. I ain't scared. but if 'taint The suit of the state of Florida COmNECrTIONS.
the 'Jabberwock,' I am."-Chicago against the F. C. & P. Railway to col-
Record. lect unpaid taxes in the sum of $9,_g
ooo. has been appealed to the supremeIC COAST LINE, via Charles
Assistat-"Here are more despatch- court of the united States. It has THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles o
es about the battle in the East." been appealed four times, the state To Th Richmond:and.Washington.
Editor--"What do they say?" winning every decision. It at last goes
Assistant-"It appears that both to the court of last resort and its de- THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co
sides were greatly outnumbered, but elsion will be final. If he wins in the lumbia and Washington.
each defeated the enemy with severe final issue it will be a feather as big via &ul Hail
loss." as an ostrich plume in the bonnet of
Jo ink -- Attorney-G.eneral Lamar.-Orlando S.-
Mr. Jinks (to landlady)-"What kind R. The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
of duck did you say this was, Mrs. 1 *, The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
JLandlady-"I didn't say. I simply or- THE DEARNESS OF BUTTER. W EST The Southern R:y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevill
dered a duck from the butcher's." One of the most eminent authorities The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
Mr. ..nks (struggling with a second on consumption. D. Hughes Bennett or
Joint)--"I think he has sent you a de- London, made the remark that "The
coy duck." main causes of consumption are the Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
dearness of butter and the abundance
She-"To tell you the truth, Alfred, I of pastry cooks." It is evident from To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
do not believe in heroes." this that the doctor believed that the
He-"That's funny. If you had said poor and underfed are unable to ob- Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
you didn't believe the people who write tain sufficient fat, while the digestion tion Company for Baltimore
their biographies, I should have of the wealthy class is upset by their via Stemhmpany more.
thought nothing of it."-Boston Tran- rich pastries so that they do not assim-
script, late the proper amount of fat. In TO KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
either case it is a question of fat. We
"Pa, what is the 'halo of victory?' must have fat in some form cheap en- AND
Pa whaltoIs th 'halo of vitor m v o e s HAVANA STEAIlSHIP CO.
"The 'halo of victory?' Well, it Is ough for the poor, and easy enough H V N STEAMSIlP CO.
that unbecoming smirk your mother for the enfeebled digestion of the rich.
thaton when she has succeeded n Cod liver oil in Its crude condition Is NOVA SCOTIA,
getson whe she has both too difficult, and too unpleasant CAE BREON Via ostn and CANAA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
making you or me do something we
don't wont to do." Indlanapols J for any one, but in the form of Scott's STEAMSHIP LINE Rfor Halifax, Hawkesbury
ci^n't tto do.Idi is STEAMSHIP LINE for Haifx Hawkeaury
Emulsion, as manufactured by Scott PRNCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
nal. & Bowne, it is not only easy to digest, ISLAND...harlottestown.
and pleasant to take, but acts as a
In a large business establishment the medicine in purifying the blood, as well
other day the head of the firm was as the very best kind of fat forming W inter T tourist T tickets
much annoyed by one of his clerks go- food. W ir s
lag to sleep. Waking him up, he de-
manded.- Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
"What do you mean, sir, by going i Budded and Orafted SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT 8YSTEM
sleep at your desk in broad daylight" during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
"I beg a thousand pardons," replied MUllgba Mangoes. over privileges in Florida.
the clerk, "but my baby kept me awake ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
all last night, and I am dead tired." Imported from India; absolutely free be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
"Oh, well," replied the head of the from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each. VERTISING MATTER.
firm, unfeelingly, "you had better bring assortment of Crotons in the
the child to business tomorrow, so that Largest assortment of Crotons in the
you may keep awake during the day as United States. For information as to rates, sleeping-e ar services, reservation. etc., write to
well."-Tit-Blts. Also Citrus stock. Address, P. M. JOLLY, Div isIon Passenger Agent.
JOHN B. BEACH, 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
Daughter (delightedly)-And did you West Palm Beach, Fla. W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN,
really consent? Gen. Supt. Pass. Traff M 'r.
Father-Consent? My stars! I had Can't you win on of our prewliml? sAVANNAH. GEOBGIA.



From two to three tons of dressed
catfish have been shipped from Kis.
simmee by express every week since
the opening of the season.-Kisslmmee
Hon. W. L. Palmer has harvested
8(1M boxes of fancy oranges from the
old Tom Johnson place southwest of
town. recently purchased by Mr. Pal-
mer.-Orlando Sentinel-Reporter.
The orange groves around Grove
Park are looking fine and if there is
no freeze this winter we will have
plenty of oranges next year, and will
have a good many anyway. as some
of the people have their groves tent-
ed.-Gainesville Sun.
Willie Weingle, a white boy, was
painfully burned, recently by the
sudden igniting of a can of gasoline.
The gasoline was ignited by a match
carelessly thrown. Thanks to the he.
role efforts of some young men who
were present, the flames were extin-
guished quickly and what might have
terminated fatally was prevented, al-
though the lad was seriously burned.-
St. Augustine Record.
The office of the Chipley Record was
completely destroyed by fire last Fri-
day night, not even a scrap of paper
being saved. We express our sym.
pathy which is of the sort of knowing
how it Is ourselves. Last Saturday
Brother Gardner did not know wheth.
er his insurance had been renewed or
not, so that the probability is that the
loss is a total one to him.-DeFuniak
We have reached the point where
we can say that a Farmers' Institute
for Polk county is a certainty. The
time set is January 17th and 18th, or
Thursday and Friday of Carnival week
in Bartow. There will be three ses-
sions each day, namely, one at 10
o'clock in the forenoon, one at 3 o'clock
in the afternoon, and one at 8 o'clock
at night. Prof. Stockbridge will be
in Bartow on both days, and with him
such special lecturers as he may sea
lect.-Bartow Courier-Informant.
The success of the annual show of
the Orlando Poultry and Pet Stock
Association, to be held in this city on
Jan. 30 and 31, is already assured.
Many fine exhibits have already been
offered. In the poultry competition a
blue ribbon will be awarded as the
first prize, red for second and white
for third. A cash sweepstake prize of
$2 goes to the highest scoring pen,
and prizes of $1 each to best trio, pair,
cock, hen, cockrel, pullet, pair of tur-
keys, geese and ducks. A special prize
of $2 will be given to the owner hav-
ing the highest average score on all his
exhibits, not less than seven birds In
number. In the Pet Stock exhibit a
blue ribbon will be given for the best
of each class.. All entries are free.-
Orlando Sentinel-Reporter.
Operations were begun at the new
canning factory on Tuesday, when one
hundred cans of pineapples were put
up. So far as can be ascertained at
present, the work was successful. Time,
of course, will be required to develop
the quality of the goods. No more pines
will be canned at present, owing chief-
ly to the scarcity of the fruit and its
high price. The canning factory is in
the main designed to take care of any
surplus fruit in the event of a glutted
market, hence it is probable that no
great quantity of fruit will be put up
until the summer harvest is on. The
promoters of the enterprise, who are all
pineapple growers, hope there will be
no occasion to can any of the crop-
they trust that there will be a market
for it at fair prices; if not then the
utility of the canning factory may be
demonstrated. The work thus far done
has, of course, been altogether experi-
mental, and the methods employed are
more or less primitive, but the pack
seems to be all right, and it is hoped
that time will prove that there is noth-
ing the matter with it. The promoters
are on the right track, but they are go-
Ing ahead slowly.-Orlando Sentinel-
The very lrst watermelon to make

SOUTH BOUND (KRcad I)own.)
No.15 No.! No.4.,No.:I7,.:T N..9 No.Z; No. "9 No.35
Dily Daily Daily Daiiy Daily Daily Daily Daily Daily
xMo __ exV., xMo exSiu
7Zp e2:p. . 2.Z 1225p 940a1l
3.,1ep p p0 plOS 5aA

No. 35. Tagail ily). ( 20p 1 4a
Makes local stop an, car- 3 19 1 05
ries F. X. C. By. Bnffet Par- .
lorCar. 8 ,37p
N. S., A. C. L. Ipren (Daily). a. -. 337p I 47p
Fast Train. Stops only at 2 lip
stations shown and Parries V 6 4 45p 2552p
F. IL By. Buffet Parlor ^ 5156 3p
Cars. 5 lop 3
No. 31,No To: a Florida Lian- l 4p 41|
1D lyzotMadw). 551p 44p
New Vork ,ko st. AunguiinIe 'St S 5 00p
via Southern tailwuay. Coin- o .... 504
Doed exclusively of 'ullnian N 5p
No. 37, New Tork aad Forida pe- a : .1 6 8 p
Wal (Da iOt Monday s 6 Sp
New York to .t. Augustine ...... 6 B.
via Atlantic Coast Line ... 647
Composed exclusively of .. 71p
Pulman Car. ...r 7 1I
No. 43, Floils an MetropoUtaaS r6
tatited ( t, . sa. 90 p 8l:,p
New York to St. AnuKgtine 0 o 9 15p 25 L
via Seaostanl.ir Lint. Cuon- Z-,a 9;p So p
posed exclusively .f Pullman a ii:-- U .......9:.. O
Cars. am.. ... 915p
No.03, Chicao aid Forita Lia- qLa- U i.1
ft"IDaily). Qs -A -. :' 1042p
Chicago to St. Augustine S 11 5lp lOp A
via Evansville, Nashville and 1i t0'
Montgomery. Coiiposel ex-
elively of Pillman ars.
No. 15 .C attd da lorlspe
(baniy lba Kosay). .t6
hicago to St Augustine e I g Trainsdo
via Cincinnati, Chattanooga gs,- ; =s
and Atlanta. Composed ex- bo =.
elusively of Pullman Cars. i :.. .



v ...... Jacksonville ........Ar
r ..... St. Auaustin .......Lv
mv .... St. Augustine .......Ar
...... Hastinm ......... Lv
...... East Palatk ......
......... Ormoad.......... .-
.......Daytona ........**
....... Port Orange......... "
S......New SmyrJ a.......
' .........Ok Hill...........
........Titsllle.......... -
.......... Cooa ............
........ Rockledge..........
........an Gale..........
....... Melbourne......... "
.........Boseland.......... "
........ Sebastian..........
........ St. Luie.......... "
......ort Pierce ........
......... Tibbsas ...........
........... de .............
S...... HobeSo nd........."
......West Juplter........
r....West Palm teach......"
.Hotel Royal Poindana .. "
v .....The Breaers... .
'... West Palm Beach...... Ar
. ...... Boynton ...........Lv
..........Delr y ......... ..
... ort Luderdal......
....... Lemon City........
kr .... Miami ......... "

No.78 No.74
Daily Daily

7Gp 7 25p
soup 25p
s46p eSop
Slip ......
458b 48p

8 1p 4lip
1187p ......
210 i 0p
'up 2ap

10 .. ....
12S5p 14Op

1 1 06a
811 N"11
10 5 ......
10 (ba1
9 9 ......
U 06a 10a

658a ......

not stop whore time is net ahan.

Dl Daily

Cx Sn

g6 Er

-Q .5.4..

di: .d:tpi~~



No.3 No.t8 !o.44 No1T.- -
1 IO lldOIO a 00lie ail-

nso 7r, bm, a (db

lor Cr.
S0. L- L (Iy). J
stations hownloaw arkl i
ri. P. R. 0y. BY. t ri
Mo. 7 N., TA i mL L M 2 m-
iQ (Dolo s.y t w.

0t. AXu gutiqmt f -sork
tvia atrmte Croth 0
=>d exclusively a
no. R2 aT s unto 1-

Composed ell nivel l
Pullman Oars.
No 1s, 51d mI sL .it

II, ytetl(2 .
St. Angute to r
via Seaboar in a

and ECailnltOmposrit l
clpsivecl ly of Piman a
ITo. ag. Q174 lai I gud
(Daily EDeWpt Sunder).
St. Artin to ine
via AtM nta. Oha, megm

and Cinnsatil. Ompefiw
exclnusrively of Pullman Coam

exclusively of Pullm-ians


All trains Daily.
No.27 No.7 No.25 No 5 No.6 No.8 No.28 No.1 No.No.47 o.4i ,No.4No.4No 4
Sun Daily Sun Daily Daily Daily Sun tIj ip1!ao1 la Lv Palatk Ar

o40p 6p 2p 1ia Lv.5 Jacksonville. Ar 6 5a 55 600p No.51 Ino.41 SAN MATEO BRANCH, All Trains Dai-y N O. o
p GIJZp 20p Saal So. Jacksonville Lv 64.a 527p tp .
716p 636p *2i iia". Pablo Beach 615a' 50p 525p ..... W Lv........ .... East Palatka. .................Arll0- a7f
70p 240p Sa." Atlantic Be"h.." 5 45p 52 ... 6 Ar............San Mateo ..............LvlI
740p 7 0Up ll)i0 9Uia Ar Mayport.. Lv 52; a 43:5p 5 ...
No.111 SANFORD B.tA CH. All trans tidaily except Sunday No 1o. I No. I ORANGE CITY BRANCH. No. 2o.
7 aLv...................... Titn ville .....................Ar p All trains Daily Except Sunday.
71e ........... ...... .... Mi msn........... ........... .." I 4 .1
71a ............ ............ Mim .......................... 2 4 01 Lv............... New Smyrna............ Ar
t ....................... Osteen......................... 11 57. 4 2a ................Lake Helen. .............. Lv 124
83a ..................e...... nterprise....................... 13 500 ............ Oran e City ................. 12
91Ar .. ......... ... : Sa..r... ..LvII B 5pll 4 Ar .... .. Orange City Junction . 18310p j a

SAILINGS JAN. 3 to FEB. & 31901: LeavIIan i S ndays E n Jand Wedesda: ..... a
I.eave Miami Mondays and Thursdays...... 1100p AVAA, I rIve avami Sundays and TWdnedays ....
NASSAU. Arrive Nasau Tuesdays and Fridays .. .. 0 Cu,. Leave Havana Tnesdays and Triday ....... 12a
IULAave Havana Tuesdays and Fridy..days.... Uk
Leave Nasasnu Wedlnesays and Saturdays 2 UP Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays .. 501
N.P Arrive Miami Thursdays and Sundays 5 MIAMI-KEY WK LINK.
Leave Miami Mons, Weds. and ris Fs.....1. KEY WEST, I Leave Miami Mon., Weds. and Fris........
Iands. Arrive Na.ssau Tues Thurs. and Sat ...... 6a Arrive Key West Tues., Thus. and at..... p
Leave Nussau Tues., Thurs. and Sat .... 8 00p Fl..Ida, Leave Key West Tues., Thus and Bate ....
Arrive Miami Weds., Fris., and Suns ... GU6a I Arrive Miami Weds., Pris. and Suna........
For copy of local time card address any Agent.

Its appearance here was brought us by A L O RY ST AP L
George Stafford on the 14th. Now LL II 0 STEAMSHIP LINE.
QQB1.OB(1.W OsPamueeger Service.
isn't this early? Mr. Stafford says he -To make coes r ~roe.C-
is going to get the Times this year for 'lorida tlonswith steame leave
the largest melon-if somebody else w YoJacksonville (Unl de-
don't raise a larger one. Well, we Ne V r pot) Thursdays 10.a20. m.
know that if he sets his head on rais- Phila- (S. A. L. Ry.) or Fer.1n-
Ing a big one the one that is larger dina 1:30 p. m., via Cun-
than his will be a "whopper."-Sumter delphia b erlad ste) er;' (meal
en route) or "all rail" via
Country Times. Plant System at 2:00 p. m.
John A Pearce has been sheriff of BOstOn1 ar. Brunswick 6:a p. m.
Passengers on arrival go-
ILon county sixteen years, during From Brunswick direct to directly aboard steam
which time he has served only twelve New York. er.
warrants on native white citizens of p OmB sfor Jm.. 01.
Leon county. Mr. Pearce says that
he thinks that establishes a reputation NORTH BOUND--BRUNSWIC f Gl DIRCT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING IVER1
for the white people of Leon county S. S. COLORADO.............................. ...January 4
second to that of no other county in S. S. RIO GRANDE .............. ......... .....January 11
the United States for law and order.- S. S. COLORADO .. .................. ... ....January 18
Tallahasseean. S. S. RIO GRANDE ... ............. ........, .... .. January 25
A correspondent from Istachatta to For lowest rates, reservations at full Informatlo apply to
the Times-Union and Citizen Saturday BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
says: Shubert Stackhouse, a son of J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
Mr IH Stackhfioue who lives in Su0m. C. H. MALLORY & CO. General Agents. Pier 21. H. R.. New York.

ter county, came to Istachatta last
Tuesday afternoon to have a check
cashed. On his return he was held up
by two white men and robbed of $23.
A party of men soon gathered, and
with blood hounds scoured the coun.
try in search of the robbers, but failed
to find them.
At this office, the most convincing ev-
iaMew at this ac t (that Florida dirt

is valuable) is on exhibition, consisting
of a complete line of the finest sam-
ples of Oche, (Yellow), or Paint Stone,
existing in Dixie, or we might go fur-
ther, and safely add, "within the
hounds of 'Yankeedom.' As the
Northern goods are corrupted by dam-
aging agents, that is not so apparent

in the Florida goods. Mr. Keys, an ex-
perienced minerologist, and former em-
ploye of the Paralustic Manganese Iron
& Steel Co., of Tennessee, who can fur-
nish the best references, as to his abil-
ity as a minerologist, has made this
discovery, and has brought the same to
llght.-Hlgh Springs News,


T m Table No. 29. In Effect Jan. 15, 1901.


Simon Pure Fertilizers


Time-Tried and Crop=Tested! .

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special bands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Phosphoric Acids:


PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
Tobacco Materials:
All guaranteed unleashed and to con-
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide



= = = Jacksonville, Fla.

Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some

others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:--I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.

Beyond My Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-

ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.

Ojus, Fla.
P 0. P winter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
,,ther price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that ILas been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Soeed.

A High-Grade Fertilizer



"T' H h IDA T." BR A DS
I HAVE TH ESE. ww'w"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE............... .$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $a8. oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I.......A......... $8.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER......................$2o.o per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
peg's Foot Brand Beood sa Beams $1&00 ir sm Damravala Gos The Ideal Tobaeeco Fertlliser, 544.00p Pr tm

-lr -- '"