The Florida agriculturist

Material Information

The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title:
Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
DeLand Fla
Kilkoff & Dean
Creation Date:
December 19, 1900
Publication Date:
Monthly[1908-June 1911]
Weekly[ FORMER 1878-1907]
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
29.02889 x -81.30055


For many years, the DeLand Florida Agriculturalist was the only agricultural publication in the state. Established in 1878, the newspaper appeared weekly through 1907, became a monthly in 1908, and continued through June 1911 when it ceased publication. Its first editor was Christopher O. Codrington, a native of Jamaica and an importer of ornamental and exotic plants. Many of Codrington’s specimens were used in the landscaping of new Florida tourist attractions. Some catalogers of U.S. newspapers regard the Florida Agriculturalist as a periodical rather than as a newspaper, because plant orders could be sent to the newspaper’s subscriptions office. George P. Rowell and Co.'s American Newspaper Directory suggests that the Florida Agriculturalist was established as early as 1874, but this early appearance may have been a forerunner of the newspaper and perhaps even a catalog for Codrington’s plant business. The Codrington family published other newspapers in DeLand, among them the DeLand News. In the 1884 edition of Edwin Aldin and Co.’s American Newspaper Catalogue, the Florida Agriculturalist is described as a large eight-page newspaper; the cost of a one-year subscription was two dollars. The newspaper informed readers of “the capabilities of the State of Florida, its productions and resources,” and it was “full of the experiences of Old Settlers and an instructor for the new.” “You will learn,” the American Newspaper Catalogue continued, ”from it all about Orange Culture and other Semi-Tropical fruit, Market Gardening, etc., besides much general information of interest about all parts of the State.” Prior to passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, a surprising number of Chinese immigrants made their way to Florida, and the Florida Agriculturalist strongly supported their role as farm laborers. The paper also reported on agriculture in general, shipping and railroad schedules, and other topics of interest to Florida’s farming communities. By 1887, E.O. Painter had taken over as publisher and editor of the Florida Agriculturalist. Painter came to DeLand from New York at the age of sixteen, largely unschooled but an avid reader. He cleared land for his own orange grove and went to work for the Florida Agriculturalist as a journeyman printer. In 1885, Painter bought a half-interest in the newspaper and later acquired a whole interest, paid for by sale of an orange grove. Painter was so successful that the E.O. Painter Printing Company spun off from the Florida Agriculturalist and today remains one of Florida’s oldest and most successful printing firms. Painter continued as editor and owner of the Florida Agriculturalist until 1907, when he sold all of his rights and interests in the paper. Subsequently, the Florida Agriculturalist moved to Jacksonville, which because of its bustling port had supplanted DeLand as a major economic center.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note:
Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note:
Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note:
"A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note:
Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.​
Resource Identifier:
000941425 ( ALEPH )
01376795 ( OCLC )
AEQ2997 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027724 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

Vol. XXVII, No. 51.

Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Dec. 19, 1900.

Whole No. 1403

A Randy Bed Marker.
B iUtr Florida Agricultfrist:
Below I give you a description of a
celery and lettuce seed bed row mark-
er, either for seeding or pricking out
plants. This is one of the greatest la-
bor and backache savers that I have
seen in a long time. It is my inven-
tion. To make it requires one piece
lx3 by 4 feet 7 Inches and two nieces
lx3 by 12 inches. The short pieces are
nailed on the ends of the long niece,
making a "U" shaped frame. One

I 13 +-3

piece 1x3 by 5 feet, one piece 1x3 by
8 feet. This is nailed on the end of the
hle piece, making three-fourths of a
era. the foot of which is nailed to
the center of the "U" frame, and is
wued to pull the marker along the beds,
the operator walking along the edge
of the beds. Two wheels twelve inches
in diameter r with slits cut into the rim
oe inch deep and wide enough to
take the ends of plastering laths, 5,
inches apart will make a lat-
ticed roller with seven laths. The outer
edge of the laths should be planed to
a sharp edge. This roller is to be fit-
ted into the frame above described,
using ten penny nails for axles. As


this roller revolves on the beds it makes
a four foot Indenture one-fourth inch
deep, and will do this as fast as a man
can walk. I used old nuts between the
wheels and frame as washers. I have
as a field marker for both celery and
lettuce that I will describe next time.
This will do as much work in 30
anntes as two men can in a week by

the old method. I would like to re-
ceive postals from those making and
using this marker.
Yours truly,
H. H. Clappell.
Sanford, Florida.
Some Early Pointers.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I must acknowledge the receipt of
your letter, urging me to write a sy-
nopsis or short history of my experi-
ence in orange culture. At first I did
not take kindly to the suggestion, for
several reasons: I am getting along
in years so that it is not so easy a
task as it used to be, and I do not
care to be bothered by answering pri-
vate letters that usually follow an ar-
ticle of this kind when name of nost-
office is given. In the early '80's an
article in the Agriculturist always
brought from a dozen to fifty letters
of inquiry, many of the questions ask-
ed having been answered in the article
the writers had read. I burned a good
deal of midnight oil over these let-
ters, but finally concluded that I was
simply helping my competitors in the
orange business by giving them the
benefit of experience that cost me hard
labor and money. I did not mind the
latter so much as I did the fact that
some would-be-growers would write
four or five sheets of questions and
then forget to inclose a stamp for re-
ply. You know it is the little things
that hurt. If a.little darkey is caught
stealing a dollar, he goes up and quick,
too, but let a bank teller be "short"
$100,000, he is given an opportunity
to "go abroad." I did not mind spend-
ing two dollars worth of time and giv-
ing two hundred dollars worth of ex-
perience, but it cuts the grain to lick
my own stamps.
Then again, if I give my experience
to the growers in the Southern part
of the .state so that they can Produce
as good an orange as we did before
the freeze-which they are not doing
yet-I am helping to lessen my chances
for good prices when my grove comes
back in full bearing again. I feel quite
certain of the latter and further be-
lieve that the middle portion of the
state will again produce the best fruit
grown in the state as she did before
the freeze. Not because fine fruit can
not be grown further south, but be-
cause the bulk of the growers there
lack the knowledge of how to make
a fine fruit that will carry well and
sell well.' I predicted, over a year ago,
that if the plan of fertilizing and cul-
tivating was not materially changed,
there would be a lot of spotted fruit
going to the ground, or worse still, go-
ing to market. It my New York pa-
pers tell anything, there Is a lot of
poor fruit going forward that ought
never to leave the grove, most of
which show improper feeding and poor
judgement in packing. It is no trick
to get fancy prices for even poor fruit
when there is only a little to be had,
but when you get to top prices on a
full market of choice fruit, you have

really accomplished something which
has cost skill-and forethought.
I have rambled off somewhat, .but
what 1 started to say was, that if you
would promise to keep my name and
postotlice in your private sanctum so
that no one but yourself will be both-
ered with letters. I will write a few
notes and comments on orange culture,
for the Agriculturist, hoping it may
be the means of helping some one to
better understand what the orange
needs in the way of fertilizers and cul-
I was very much pleased to read Mr.
Bean's article on "Early History of
Orange Packing," in your issue of
November 7th. That article is worth
ten year's subscription to any one hav-
ing five hundred boxes of oranges to
ship, if he will only take the "cue"
and profit thereby. Mr Bean is one of
Florida's old stand-by's and I hope Jhe
may live to see the state once more
producing five millions of boxes a year.
If you could get Mr. H. B. Stevens,
formerly of Citra, to give you his ex-
perience with orange sizers, for he
made the first one used in the state,
you would have another interesting
chapter on early orange packing. I
am glad to see the Agriculturist bring-
ing up these subjects, for it is well to
let the present generation know to
whom they are indebted for the pres-
ent methods they are now using with-
out ever giving a thought as to how
or by whom they dere originated.
To take up the question of the early
history of orange culture, we must go
back into the '70's. The most produc-
tive groves at that time, were the wild
groves, re-budded, with here and there
a seedling grove of but comparatively
few trees. The idea then nrevalled
that the best and quickest way to get
a grove was to get the sour stumps
from the wild grove, set them out and
re-bud and wait for them to come into
bearing. I thought so too, and set
ten acres of the sour roots that were
hauled thirty miles to the grove. The
stumps started off beautifully, but one
by one, they got tired of living, till at
the end of five years, only three stumps
from the hammock were living. The
stumps cost $1 each and another $1
to haul and set in the form of a grove,
so my start was rather costly. The
next thing was seedling trees. It was
reasoned that the oranges that made
Florida's reputation were seedlings,
hence they were sure to prove the
right thing. About this time, nurseries
began to "sprout" and I think it was
the Agriculturist that advocated the
planting of budded trees as possessing
the advantages of earlier fruiting,
smaller and better shaped trees and
the certainty of knowing the varieties
the trees would produce. I admit, I
was puzzled which to follow after my
first poor start, therefore concluded to
divide and put out half seedlings and
half budded trees. The Arlington
Nurseries, then owned by A. J. Bid-
well, and the nurseries,
owned by Beach & Son, at Palatka,

furnished the stocks. I was supreme-
ly happy in anticipation when I found
that I had my ten acres all set to
trees that were all alive and doing
well. Ip to this time, fertilizers were
practically unknown as the young
trees had been made on cultivation
and cowpeas, but after awhile cow-
peas refused to grow and I saw that
something had to be done. The first
commercial fertilizer advertised in the
state for orange trees, was Stock-
bridge's Manure. I paid $50 per ton
for some, and $4.00 for freight. The
same grade of goods can be bought to-
day 'for $30 or less. The change was
agreeable to the orange trees, but not
to my pocket book. It soon became ap-
parent that to make a grove, consid-
erable fertilizer must be used, and it
was a perplexing question as to what
was best to use. First one thing and
another was advocated as the only
"sure thing." Cotton seed meal, hard-
wood ashes, muck and cowpenning, all
had their day, also many brands of
fertilizers that are not heard of any
more. and it would have been better
for the grower if they had never been
heard of. With all the draw-backs,
I managed to get my grove up to what
I thought was bearing size and ex-
pected good crops of fruit, but good
crops only came about every third
year and the third year happened to
be '86, when all were frozen on the
trees. Up to this time, I had practic-
ed absolutely clean culture and gave
the trees all of the fertilizer that 1
thought they would stand, but did not
get satisfactory returns in fruit. Mis-
fortunes are sometimes the forerun-
ners of Ierter things, but it is hard at
first to realize it. During the scoring
of '88. I had the misfortune to have my
horse killed by a falling pine tree, and
as my bank account had about touched
bottom. I could not see my way to buy
another animal till I had realized on
some Northern property. Well, my
grove did not get any working except
hoeing all that summer and fall. To
my great surprise, the trees set full
of fruit in the spring. I was in a di-
lemma to decide whether to go in debt
for a horse to cultivate the grove or
wait for developments. I decided to
wait. In June, 1 received $200 from
Northern property and thought first
to buy a horse, but then felt that the
grove must have some help to make
the crop then on the trees. I finally
ordered four tons of Forrester's ferti-
lizer, because it was a chemical ferti-
lizer and would not waste if it was not
turned under. This was put on broad-
cast. I got a splendid crop of fruit
and realized enough to buy a horse
and other needed articles. The results
of the past year's non-cultivation were
such that they put me to thinking and
wondering if I had not been worrying
my trees all those years instead of
helping them. with the cultivator and
plow. I decided to try the experiment
still farther, and in December gave the
grove another four tons of fertilizer.
The following spring my trees bloomed
rather scatteringly, and I thought I


had missed it again, but when the crop [ desirable place for the piscatorial tour-! production of oysters.
commenced to show up, I had more ist than that which presents itself at Our next objective point was the
than during the previous year and it is this place. The waters of Lake Worth sand bar opposite the Inlet for a couple
needless to say that my bank account abound in salt water fish in great vari- of pails of sand clams. This necessita-
began to grow. From 'UO till the freeze ety and abundance. In this connection ted going overboard for all hands (a
of '4, 1 did not miss having a good Ilie sportsman, too, would find a desir- jumper and overalls having been pro-
crop. I continued to use Forrester's alile field for his pleasure and pastime vided) and in the water to'our waist,
fertilizer up to '91, when I used Simon in pursuing the myriads of water the tide being high, the search was
Pure No. 1, and found that I got just fowls that would frequent these lakes commenced. In a short time a couple
as good results, both in quantity and were they planted with wild rice, of pails were filled, and other objects
quality of fruit. During the six years, which aquatic production I have failed of interest were sought. The bar in
I plowed the grove twice, very shal- to observe. Should this plant be in- places was covered with conchs and
low. This was done on account of dan- produced in the head waters of these others sea unchins and the black
ger from fire which would have ruin- chains of lakes, in a few years the vast ins of huge sharks showed above the
ed the trees it it had got started among overflowed area would furnish food for water at times. The wind rising, cre-
the weeds in the grove. To use an ex- the wild fowl, their journey southward eating a ripple on the surface of the
pression that 1 have already seen used be delayed and another resource add- water, prevented us finding the craw.
n the Agriculturist, 1 "gave my trees ed to the attraction of the Northern vis- fish we sought and the launch struck
a chance" and they gave me fruit, itor. for the mouth of the Inlet. We went
This article is already too long or I Arriving from Ft. Lauderdale in the ashore, looked out to sea over the reefs
might tell you how frightened we latter part of the forenoon, the re- and saw the huge waves dashing on
would get at every new scale or bug mainder of the day was occupied in the rocky beach, with numerous sharks
that appeared on the scene. How the meeting the representative citizens showing their black outlines clearly in
bug would be followed with a "sure from both sides of the river, which was the blue water and noted many other
cure" and how we would all "bite" and correspondingly slow owing to the dis- objects that were new and varied
spray and scrub the trunks and watch tnmce to be traveled and the absence which made the trip very pleasant.
lue bugs spread. How we gut $10 of my bicycle, which I did not deem Returning. we caught a large rock
per acre into a foot rot remedy that did prudent to bring, but which I found grouper, and as the afternoon advanc-
not remedy, etc., and how surprised later \vould have saved valuable time ed, found that our larder had been in-
we were when we found that half the and unnecessary exertion. creased by the addition of bluefish,
time we were only making conditions 'T lie following morning found me grouper. oysters, sand clams and cocoa
better for the scale, etc., by spraying. pr-oceeding northward to the village nuts. Iirdst were within gunshop, but
We were killing the enemies of the of Mtangonia, bordering on the west tie otlhcr fellows had the gun and the
scale, such as the lady bird and the side of Lake Worth, about three miles possibilities of pot-pie were absent. A
red fungus. With the use of mineral from West Palm Beach and possibly stop at the Cragin place, on the penin-
fertilizers the necessity of spraying four or five miles from Lake Worth sular again demonstrated what the
was done away with. For four years, Inlet. The road was of lime rock, possi nlities of combined capital and
no spray ever entered my grove and 1 smooth and level and bordered with labor would produce in the most en-
had ninety per cent. of bright fruit. pineapple patches of from one to sev- joy.ialt climate. where the wealth of
My theory of this is that the growth eral acres. The country adjacent was tropi-il vegetation, foreign trees,
made by the chemical fertilizers is slow spruce pine and sand scrub. This plants and flowers, made a paradise of
but thoroughly mature so that the scale road, if extended along the lake and the surroundings, to those whose en-
and other insects do not find river, would prove a valuable aid to vironments permitted them to periodi-
any soft wood to feed upon as is those who seek to change their con- cally enjoy their beauty and pres-
the came with trees that make a rapid editions, as a practical view of the sur- ence.
growth from organic fertilizers and roundings, the productions and other The following day, a return to New
cultivation. The ground being covered valuable information can be obtained Smyrna with the precious pall of sand
with grass, prevents the reflection of from this method of traveling. It clams was made, when the desire of
the pun, consequently the fruit is not is lihoed, for the benefit to be derived years was consummated in their intro-
so liable to have the oil in the cells from increasing immigration, that each duction in the sand bars of the North
oxydised as when the fruit is pretty of the East Coast counties will see the Indian River, adjacent to the Inlet.
well exposed, necessity of providing good roads from The next day the planting of the pre.
1 trust that I have covered the St. Augustine to Miami. There certain- vious day was examined and the con-
ground satisfactorily, although 1 ly can be no excuse, for the natural ditions appeared as natural as in their
know that there is lots that can be resources of this section speak for previous location.
mid that must be omitted on account themselves, if an opportunity is offer- A special trip was again made to
of time and space. These are items ed tie would-be investor to examine Lake Worth Inlet, the result being the
gleaned by actual contact with Moth- as he proceeds south. In due time I successful collection, transportation
er Earth and Florida orange trees since arrived at my destination, and found and planting of approximately 20,000
'75 by a Seventy-Fiver, the town to consist of a store, postolfice of lhese desirable shell fish to Mosqui-
and numerous dwellings bordering the to Inlet. where they will be appreciat-
Down the Bat Coast No. 3-West lake. My object was to investigate the ed by the present and future genera-
Palm each. Inlet, the facilities for the production tions as a source of food and bait for
dUtor Florida AgffrcutUri8t: of oysters, to see the much-prized sand resident and transient fishermen. In
This is the main station on the line clan at home in this locality, and the tils work of introducing valuable food
of the Florida East Coast Railway, Southern lobster or crawfish which at products into the different locations
with a spur crossing Lake Worth to times is quite abundant in this sec- il the state of Florida, the result is
the "Royal Poinciana," the most beau. tion. In fact, any information was de- destined to prove as satisfactory as
tiful and elaborate of the hotels south sired that would serve to inform.the that of testing and introduction of the
of St. Augustine. people of Florida of their unbounded St. Lucie grass to the residents of the
The city of West Palm Beach resources of which they are mainly state as a lawn grass and also a forage
small as those of the lesser populated ignorant. product by the writer. Now through-
sections of the state usually are, is The homei of Mr. C. E. Merchant, for- out tle state, after a lapse of seven
well represented by commercial enter- merely of New Smyrna, was my ob. years, this grass can be found in all
prices, and is mainly the residence jective point. Mr. Merchant, having locations where the conditions of
place of business and laboring class- moved to this locality less than five wealth, intelligence and refinement
es, whose avocations call them here, years ago,'to better his condition and abound, and in the varied locations vis-
and also those who desire a home ad- secure a home for himself and family, ited in the work connected with the
Jacent to the life and gaiety that is ev- seems to have met with success, judg- fisheries. Its presence, even though
erywhere present during the winter ing from the improvements surround- a"'ong entire strangers, creates a sat-
months. Consequently there are many ing him indicating comfort and satis. isfaction that some one is benefited
beautiful homes, Indicating luxury and factory return for the investments aln their surroundings beautified,
comfort bordering the principal streets. made in the short time. Flowers and which would not have been the case
In many instances the streets are cov- fruits of all kinds, common to the lo- if its usefulness had not been made
ered with lime rock and bordered with cality, are here present. His son, Al- known through the columns of the
rubber trees which in a few years berry. occupying an adjacent lot, is en- l' orida Agriculturist and the efforts
will shade the avenues, and the pecu- gaged in poultry raising and other side of its correspondent.
liar trunk formation will be both or- issues consistent with his avocation, J. Y. Detwiler.
namental and curious. This little city that of a launch owner and guide in *
has the advantages of water works and entertaining Northern visitors in both Paying Crops.
electric lights. The water supply is fishing and hunting, as well as pro- Mr. N. .. Alexander finished gath-
pumped from a chain of lakes a short hiding scientifically inclined individuals ering the oranges from Mr. Ed. Par-
distance west of town, a high ridge with the opportunities for their investi- kinson's grove, known as the Edwards
Intervening. These lakes extend (or nations. After an enjoyable repast, grove, at Alva, last week. The grove
miles, being ultimately connected near both father and son in response to my consists of a little over four acres.
Jupiter with the ocean and the Hills- desire to investigate the surrounding Twelve hundred and fifty' boxes of
boro on the south which empties into country, prepared .the launch "Mid- oranges were take from the trees,
the ocean at Hillsboro Inlet. These get," which draws only 12 inches of and it is estimated that there are 300
akes are plentifully supplied with water, and we were soon headed to- boxes of grapefruit on the trees in this
fresh water from the Everglades and ward the Inlet, trolling for bluefish of grove. Mr. Parkinson receives $1,875
abound in black bass or trout, bream which we caught several during our for the oranges on the trees, and the
and.perch, though not in such quanti- trip. Our first visit was to the oyster grapefruit will bring $5.00 per box on
ties as in former times. grounds. Leaving the launch we wad- the trees, bringing up the total for this
These waters have been called to my ed over the shoal water and were re- four acre grove to very nearly $3,400,
attention by the county officials as de- warded with a couple of pails of fine or about $850 per acre. Mr. Parkinson
slrable places for restocking when the oysters. They were not very plentiful paid '5,000 for the grove about three
condition admit. Were these lakes but were separate and full-sized, indi- years ago. Mr. Frank Alexander, who
poperly stocked, and the fish protected rating the conditions in certain loca- has charge of his brother's packing
by. stringent laws, I know of no more tons as favorable to the successful business, informs us that forty picking

Will Treat all Diseases or uomestleat-
ed Animals.
A Specialty.

boxes of grapefruit were gathered
from one tree in one of Mr. Ed. Park.
inson's groves north of the river. They
would pack about 36 boxes, so that this
single tree netted him $180.
Since writing the above we have
seen Mr. Parkinson, and he tells us
that the exact nuniber of boxes of or-
anges gathered from his Edwards'
grove was 1,274, which at-$1.50 per
box on the trees amounts to $1,911.
Mr. W. F. Harris took his departure
last Thursday for his home in South
Orange, N. J., after shipping over one-
half of the orange crop from his Or-
ange River grove. Thus far he has
shipped 3,00) boxes of oranges and
there remains fully 2,000 boxes of fruit
on the trees which will be shipped
later in the season. Mr. Harris has
been netting in the neighborhood of $2
per box for his fruit, and it is safe to
say that he will clear $8,000 this year.
When he purchased this grove a year
and a half ago, paying $16,000 for the
property, many thought that he was
paying too big a price, but results have
shown that he made a great invest-
ment. This particular grove well il-
lustrates the profits in orange culture,
and plenty of allowance can be made
for temporary high prices, and still it
will show up handsomely. This grove
was bought from Louis Locklar in 1806
by Mace & Blake for $5,500. Almost
the first year that they owned the
grove they made back the purchasing
price. After owning the grove three
years they sold to Mr. Harris for $16,-
tINo, the investment paying them not
less than $10.000. With this year's and
last year's crop Mr. Harris will get
back about two-thirds of the first cost
of the grove.-Fort Myers Press.
The Modern Fruit Grower.
Luther Burbank of Santa Rosa, one
of the most famous horticulturists in
the world, gives this advice:
The fruit grower of today must
have the ability to adapt himself to
new methods, new fruits and new
markets. By use of cold storage and
rapid transit the finest fruit from
every land can be found in any large
market, both in and out of season, for
while the fruits of one hemisphere are
first waking from their winter's
sleep, on the other the summer's sun



has done Its work and the ripened
fruits are on their way to distant mar- i
kets. With the world as a market,'
competition is keen, and only the best
fruits in the best condition will pay.
Furthermore, it generally costs much
less per ton to produce large, first-class
fruit than the poorest, meanest speci-
ments that are ever offered. Small
fruit exhausts the tree more rapidly
than large fruit. It will thus readily
be seen that improved varieties which
produce uniformly large, fine fruit, are
the most economical manufactures of
fruit and also that the product is more
The tree which needs a good deal
of pruning to keep it in proper form
and vigorous health should be replac-
ed by one that has a better habit of
growth, for every ton of wood taken
unnecessarily from an orchard repre-
sents at least as much weight of fruit.
Many varieties have two or three su-
perior qualities, but woefully lack in
many others. The fruit grower of to-
day is simply the manufacturer and
should have the latest and best im-
provements. Of course, there never can
be one variety which will be the best
for all purposes, but it is perfectly pos-
sible to produce varieties which for
their own special use can be relied up-
on to produce full crops of the best
fruit without fail. All this can be done
by careful selection and breeding.
Pea Vine Raisers.
Dr. Edward Atkinson, of Boston, has
thrown another bombshell among the
scientists. The doctor is ai insatiable
investigator and has an interest in
practical problems. He presents them
to scientific thinkers in a way that
rudely awakens them from their theor-
The geologists recently gathered at
Columbia University were discussing
rare minerals.
"Where is the potash of the United
States?" asked the doctor. "The world
now depends for its entire supply upon
a single mine in Saxony, and yet there
should be vast deposits of that mineral
in the alkaline and salt plains of this
country. Were are they? It is the
duty of geologists to find them. When
they are discovered the geologists who
ined them will confer a greater bless-
ing upon this country than they would
by unearthing all the gold and silver
in the world."
Dr. Atkinson, in talking of this sub-
ject said that some years ago he had
turned his attention to the subject of'
nutrition. He found that the neces-
sary element of nitrogen is contained
in the atmosphere in the proportion of
77 per centum, and that it is dissociat-
ed from the atmosphere only through
the processes of life, death and de-
composition. The nitrogen is absolute-
ly necessary. It is being rapidly ex-
hausted from the soil, resulting in such
impoverished lands that crops can no
longer be produced.
The world will be in want of food by
1900, Sir William Crookes prophesied
'a few years 'ago, when he observed
this rapid waste of nitrogen, and did
not see where a new supply was to
come from. But what the great Brit-
ish scientist did not see was seen by
the small "pea vine" farmers of the
Southern states. Compelled to get a
living out of exhausted soil, they
sought a means of enriching it. They
finally hit upon-the "pea vine," regen-
erated their lands, saved themselves,
and came to the relief of science,
which soon discovered the reason for
the thing.
The pea vine, the buckwheat, the
beani-all leguminous plants are
breeding places for the kind of bac-
teria that dissociate the nitrogen from
the atmosphere, and dying, bequeath it
as a rich legacy to the earth, trans-
muting an impoverished soil into the
fertility of the Nile valley.
Crookes said the wheat eaters would
have no wheat to eat by 1930. The
southern "pea vine farmers" say he
shall have wheat to eat so long as the
earth shall be here to give forth its
"Some one asked me ten years ago,"
saM Dr. Atkinson, "what was the next
great discovery of science that was

needed, and I replied 'a cheap source be increased or decreased at the will of rich by simply plowing deep and often.
of nitrogen.' Bacteria and the south- the farmer by his methods of treat-) The hard-pan is a creature of ,e"r
ern farmer have solved that problem; ment. ,own manufacture made by our folil
and the great reservoir of the atmos- When the top of the farth is loosen- and ignorance. It is an interference
phere is now available, in combination ed up the air and sunshine and water with all good farming. Hence it is
with phosphates and potash, to main- circulate through it and make soluble'our first duty to proceed to remove it
tain the perpetual fertility of the soil." the mineral elements of plant life at once, no farmer should be satis-
Phosphate has already been found, which everywhere abound. While there fled with less than fifteen inches of
according to Dr. Atkinson, in sufficient are fourteen of these elements found well pulverized soil. This dept) of soil
quantity in the coast lands of South in all plants, there are only three of will make possible such crops as we
Carolina. Florida and Georgia and in them that particularly concern the far- have not been accustomed to gather-
Tennessee to last at leaqt a century. mer. Nature will look after the others. ing.
Potash is now the problem that agri- The three are: Potash, phosphoric What we call our poor upland farms
culture must face. acid, and lime, and these are found in with fifteen inches of soil can be made
All the notash of the world, he said, numple quantities, in all soils, indeed to produce from -i0 to 100 bushels of
is now supplied by a mine at Stass- there is about nine thousand dollars corn per acre, and from 30 to 50 bush-
furt, Saxony, Germany. This was dis- worth of them in every average acre of els of wheat, from 00 to 100 bushels
covered by accident. There was a salt land taken to the depth of three feet. of oats, from 1 to 2 bales of cotton; and
mine there, and when it was exhausted But in their native condition they are so on with other crops. If you doubt
the owners thought they could find insoluble, for plants can not use solids, this, try to prove it false. Prepare any
more salt by boring deeper. They but only liquids, their food must be given number of acres with fifteen
bored, throwing the borings to one side fed to them in solution in water.
as trash. Rich and Poor Soil.-What we call
A chemist wandered by, was attract- rich soil does not contain more of these '
ed by the looks of some of the borings, essential elements of plant food 'than
analyzed them and discovered that we call poor soil. But they are in sol-
they were rich in potassium. The dig- uble condition in the poor soil. They
gers had unwittingly found a mine far are made soluble by pulverization; if
richer than Potosi, Golconda or El the soil be made fine it becomes rich. (
Uorado. It is a question of mechanical condi- i
Dr. Atkinson thinks that this history tion and not a question of mineral com.
will be repeated in the West. He said position. The rich loam of bottom
last night that he thinks potash should mands is made up of fine particles
be found, by deep borings, in the neigh- taken from the poor hillsides
borhood of those springs in the West, and carried by water and deposited on YOU have used all --
which contain so much potassium that the bottom land. If we can make the
ranchers have to keep their cattle from hillsides as fine as these bottom lands srts of cough reme-
drinking the waters. It may also, be the soil will be equally as rich. We
found in all that region extending from mean to say that each farmer can dies but it does not
West Virginia to the arid lands of New make his soil deeper and richer sim-. i i
Mexico and Arizona.-New York Her- ply by plowing deeper and pulzerizing yield it is too deep
aid. finer. 9
The Real Condition.-The actual s ted. It may wear
The Manufacture of Panama Hat. present condition of the average farm ated. It may wear
In a recent report from Guayaquil, is about as follows: First, three or I i_ L. I
Consul-General DeLeon gives an inter- four inches of more or less badly pow- itself out ii inue u
testing account of the manufacture of dered so-called soiL The plowing has i m liable
Panamama" hats in Ecuador. The been done when the ground was too it IS more l to
Monthly Bulletin for May, 1900 (pp. wet. The. sunshine and the winds
879-88), contained an article regard- have dried the little lumps of earth in. produce la gripped
ing these hats, more properly called to millions of what we may properly p eum a
"jipijapa," which are manufactured call sun-dried brick-bats. pneumonia or a sen-
from the "Carludovica palmata," ac- The brick-bats are utterly incapable I
cording to the Belgian consul. The of furnishing any plant food to the OUS throat affectiO .
United States consul says they are growing crops. If you wish to know
made from a native grass which what part of your fields are compos- YOu need something
greatly resembles the "saw palmetto" ed of this material take a fine sifter wi
of the United States. and sift the soil. Only that part that that will
The process of manufacture is de- goes through the sifter is fit to be call-
scribed in the following manner: ed soil or is ready to furnish plant strength and build
~ hen the grass attains the proper food. The rest is useless until pul-
height it is cut just before riDening, verized so that the average crop only up the body.
boiled in hot water, and after being has one inch of soil upon which to
thoroughly dried is sorted for use. The feed, a real soil from which to draw
straw is first carefully selected, damp- its food. C O
ened to make pliable, and then very Below this three or four inches is aII
finely divided into requisite lengths, found six or eight inches of compact
the little finger or thumb nail being earth which for convenience we call
used for the purposes. The plaiting hiarmn-pa. It Ihas received this name M U LS
commences at the apex of the crown because it is too hard for water to cir- LI U L
and is continued in a circular form un- culate freely through it either by
til the hat is finished. The work is car- gravity or capilllrity. It is also too Wll do this when eVCry
ried on while the atmosphere is humid, hard for the little feeding rootlets of i. Thr e* no d
from about midnight to 7 a. m. It re- growing plants to penetrate. Hence no
quires from three to five months' daily it is worth very little If anything to about it It nourishes.
itaor of three hours per day to make the growing crop. But this hard-pan srngth ulk
one of the finest hats. The business is filled with phosphoric acid, potash s t, g,
in its highest development is really a and lime, the three great mineral ele- mL k he h dy srong a M
work of art, requiring patience, fine ments of plant life. But though at healthy, not oly to tam
sight, and special skilL The plaiting present they are locked up so far as of thi hwd C.anh bo t1
completed, the hat is washed in clean, the plant is concerned and below this
cold water, coated with a thin solution haird-pan the earth is sufficiently por- i foru the Systma against
of gum, and polished with dry powder- ous for the upward and downward cir- further tk. If l. ame
ed sulphur. The best hats are so pli- culation of water, and for the growth j d
able they can be rolled up without in- of plant roots.n n o y
jury and put in one's pocket. They What We Can and Ought to Do should Crto ly t t
will last for years and can be repeated- Now a little study will make it clear itoU in g d me n
ly cleaned. Natives of both sexes and that the first duty of every farmer is e
all ages are engaged in this work. The to quit plowing his land when it is wet SCOTT aOWE newYak
lesale prices range from $7 to and quit making sun-dried brick-bats E
$10t per dozen. During the past three and proceed at once to mash every one
years there has been a gradual de- he has made by the repeated use of
crease in the exportation of panama plows, harrows and rollers. Next BI-SULPIDE OF CARBON.
hats from Eucador, but there has been he should' proceed to break up this For use In granartes to kill weevil, to de-
a corresponding increase in the expor- hard-pan and make iPossible the free stry rts nd t s and to keep in
station of the material from which they circulation of the war, air and sun- t from the POUNet.D,
are manufactured. This would indi- shine and the free growth f lant CENTS PER POUND
th nations r engaged InIn ten and lifteen pound em
cate that other nations are engaged in roots. By doing this he will almost tifteen cents extra for the can .
the industry indefinitely increase the depth of his E. O. PAINTER & CO., JacksoevilH
soil, almost indefinitely increase the
What is gol. richness of his crop, almost indefinite.
Without undertaking to give an ex- ly increase the profit of his farming. /
act scientific answer we desire to say Whaht we mean to say is this. The
as it relates to farming, it is the ton Lord has made the earth right. He
of the earth and its plant food con- has filled it with the necessary ele- POSITIONS OUALANTII D,
tents. There Is no specific line of de- ments of plant food. He Las wisely Undr ,000 Oash Depeetl
marcation between soil and snbsolL left it to us to make this food arvail- 1N" mFIND* J
The depth of the soil at any particular able or not, as we farm wisely or tool. g *ll l **
place is not a fixed quantity, but may ishly we can make our 6oil deep and


Sinhes of loll and plant any crop you weeks was better than before, for he
please upon them and make a fair was cured of rheumatism that had
test troubled him for some years. I hard-
Of course yon can use on soils thus ly think this a safe medicine through
prepared all the manures and fertili- ihe hands of the inexperienced.-H. H.
zers you may be able to raise or wil- I... in Itural New Yorl:er.
ling to buy. They will pay you a
mnch larger clear per cent. of profit A Jacksonville Fertilizer Factory.
on these deep soils than when used A\ollut a year ago the firm of E. 0.
upon the ordinary three or four inches I'liiner & (Co.. was burned out on tie,
of soil. But you can become independ- IIer wharf and in three months they
ent of chemical preparations by this had a sulmsiantial brick building erect-
method of farming. etI and were doing business again.
We have said-nothing of nitrogen or I is iImx7T. feet and two stories high,
ammonia, because It is not a mineral with storage room for 1.000 tons or
element of plant life. It is found In over. At the present time there are
rich abundance in the atmosphere and about .UMI ions of fertilizer materials
carried by animal and vegetable mat- in stock. chietly sulphate and muriate
ter and rain water into earth in suf- of potasl. acid phosphate, nitrate of
ticient quantities wherever Intelligent sma la sulphate of ammonia, tobacco
farming is pursued upon fifteen Inches stems and blood and Ione. The busi-
of soil.-'-Southern Cultivator. ness shows an increase of about 30 per
cent. over last year. One day a few
Oomne reaks of Lightning. days ago forty-seven tons were ship-
Lightning is still one of the most un- ped. The shipping facilities are ex-
certain quantities. Scientists and prac- -cllent. as a railroad track runs direet-
tial men have studied electricity un- ly alongside the building; but the con-
tll- they can do almost anything with it, nection with the river is not complete,
and calculate with the greatest accu- so that the schooners arriving with
racy what effect any given conditions German potash have to be unloaded
will produce, when dealing with what somewhat circuitously. The firm has
is known as dynamic or current elec- plans drawn and estimates made to add
tricity. But when it comes to predict- to the building 200 feet, which will
Ing the visit or the effect of a visit extend it so as to form a direct con-
from electricity in the form of light- neetion with sea-going vessels.
ning the wisest man can say but little Machinery.-There is about $3,000
more than the most ignorant It was worth of machinery used in reducing
said for a time, and I presume is now, and mixing fertilizer. The most prom-
that the electric current always takes inent machine is a large feed-cutter,
the path of least resistance, and for which is used in cutting up tobacco
aught I know this is true. 'When a stems so that they can be fed into the
man gets his barn well filled withlnew mill handily and reduced to powder. A
hay, the heated moistened air that rises powerful, penetrating odor arises from
is a column from it is said to make this which, to a newcomer, is almost.
an excellent conductor (comparative- insufferable.
ly speaking) for lightning to descend All the materials of the mill are fed
directly to the barn and set It on fire. into hoppers on the first or second
They say it is especially true of a barn floors and conveyed up by elevators
situated on a hill or elevation. But to the third floor, where they are
only a few weeks ago a stroke of light- ground and screened. The coarser
ning Ignored all the barns on all the p!arlicles are riddled out and descend
hills around, and struck the barn of a to the floor below, to be reconveyed to
poor man down in a hollow, with tree; the mills above and ground a second
on almost all aides. Trees, being green or a third time. if necessary. TheI
ood, are supposed to be good conduc- powder is conveyed into the mixer,
tore of the electric flid, or whatever which is a large circular pan with re-
the stuff is, nobody knows. But I have evolvingg arms to stir and completely
several times known of its omitting to mingle the various ingredients.
follow a tree that seemed to stand in Compounding the Fertilizer.-The
a very accommodating position, and firnn has always pursued the policy of
strike a choice cow that stood only a offering to the growers a line of clean
few rods away, on lower ground. goods. aptly designated as "Simon
and In the open. Once, when my fath- Pure." The good results they have giv-
er was returning from the hayfield en and the increasing demand for them
during a shower, he was passing attest their soundness. With pure in-i
through a pasture, his course lying gredients as a basis, a great deal de-
parallel to the edge of a piece of woods, spends on the grinding and mixing, as
and about ten rods from it Light- plant roots can feed only on a solution,'
ning struck the ground In the pasture and a solution an best be made out
between him and the woods. In those of minute particles. With this in view,
instances it would hardly seem that only a ton is mixed at a time. In this
trees offered much inducement for the way it can be mixed more completely
electric current to deviate from its than would be the case with a larger
course, if such it has. mass. The aim is to mix it so con-
Last summer a farmer was *getting pletely that every handful, If analyzed,
a load of hay from the field after a would show the same percentages as
shower had begun. His son, a lad every other handful. When perfectly
about 12 years of age, was on the load mixed, the mass is discharged into an
of hay. There were trees not far automatic weigher. The fertilizer
away, but the lightning paid no atten- sack is hooked onto the spout, the
tion to them; struck the lad on the scale is set to weigh 200 Dounds, for
shoulder and followed down one side instance. and as soon as that amount
of the body, and went somewhere, I is in the sack the weigher stops, until
suppose, but no one knows where, for the sack is removed and another one
It left no records of its further trav- placed.
elm. The boy was considerably burned, The acid phosphate is generally kept
especially on the body under the place in two large bins, thus giving each in
where was his suspender buckle; also turn time to become Derfectly dry be-
the leg opposite the trousers pocket, fore it is used.
where he carried his knife, and a small Tobacco Dust.-To guard, as much
wallet having a metal clasp. The clasp as possible, against fraudulent goods,
was quite firmly melted together. As tile stems are brought from Kentucky
the electricity left the foot it took the unground. though this entails more ex-
trouble to split the shoe into the small- pense than it would to purchase the
est fragments. The boy recovered material ready-ground in that state.
without serious results. Some dealers up there do not hesitate
A curious circumstance happened to extract the juice from the stems,
over a year ago. A farmer went into thgn grind and ship them down to
the house and laid down on his bed Florida for fertilizer and insecticide,
to await the clearing after a storm. for. which purposes they are then near-
He fell asleep, and while enjoying the ly worthless. This tobacco Juice is used
nap lightning struck the house. It came by thousands of barrels in the Far
down the chimney, went to the bed West as a dip for sheep to rid them of
and threw its occupant out upon the the sc;h mite, and it brings a high
floor, changing his position so that he price, tempting dishonest men to try
lay on the floor with his head toward to extract two values out of one and
the foot of the bed, and leaving him the same commodity. When the stems
unconscious. After. little time he re- are shipped down here and ground any
gained consciousness and in a few leaching could be detected. If they are


Seoatratea Qulk. sus Palo at O..


Family Size.......................................
Horse Sizes....................... soc and SI.oo

Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.
For Acclimating Green Horses and all Horse Fevers. Cures Inflam-
mation of Kidney or Bladder.
60o and 15 per Bottle.


Stops Pa ri Iristaritly. No Drerioltrig.
26 doses and good glass syringe in package $l.oo.

Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.


Perraorly of


ground in Kentucky it is not easy to de-
tect any fraud of this sort.
We do not slay. that all tobacco dust
ground in Kentucky and brought down
here is from leached stems; we simply
say that some is, and that there is a
temptation to fraud.-Editorial in Fla.
Farmer and Fruit Grower.
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:-Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to me a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de-
mand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
'ine Fruit From Young Grove.
When orange culture in Florida was
in its infancy back in the '70s and '80s,
orange growers used to figure on
bringing a grove into bearing in ten or
fifteen years. Then very little was
known about budded trees, and the
groves were mostly Florida seedlings.
But much has been learned about the
orange business in the past 25 years,
and now the orange grower expects to
see his budded trees bear fruit in two
or three years after the budded trees
are planted.
As an instance of what may be ac-
complished in a few short years in the
way of citrus culture, Tax Collector I.
S. Singletary left at our office on Mon-



9t. Louis, ieo.

MASS. V. S. A.

day some fine speciments of grapefruit
and an orange. The grapefruit are
from trees planted less than three
years ago on the 0. C. Post and Sit-
gletary grove about ten miles up the
river. There are three varieties of
grapefruit, in clusters of two, and for
perfect appearance would take first
prize at any exhibition. The varieties
are improved, Royal and Marsh's
Seedless, and the former has not a
blemish on the bright, smooth, yellow
sphere. There is also a thin-skinned
orange of the Enterprise seedless var-
iety, from a tree that Mr. Singietary
planted on the 29th day of January
last, the tree being an ordinary one-
year old bud on a young stock. Of
course such precociousness is rushing
things at a pretty fast rate, but It goes
to show that by securing the right'
kind of trees and giving them the
proper attention that it Is no longer
necessary to wait a life-time for a
grove to come Into bearing.-Ft. My-
era Press

Is ina ove
Seffner, Fla-, Oct. 16, '90.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jackhsosille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Our trees are doing
well. I find Mr. W. S. O'Brien, of Seff-
ner, is very much in love with Simon
Pure. Yours truly,
H. H. Harvey.

He-"I don't know whether to make
a fool of myself playing golf or sit on
the hotel piazza and make love to some
girl all the afternoon."
She-"What's the difference"'-De-
troit Free Press.

AriOstookCo. MaiN.
Hi '* P*g- aH- s Eswsy aca1y,


Realta&r as we do that many of our
redfm fresQently need the advice of a
skied Veterlary Sueon. and that.they
are ct aiwIys In a position s cure the
services of such, we have arraed, for
the benedt of our reader, with Dr. W. .
trench, of Daytona, Inla., a Veterinary
Surgeon and dentot, wbo will answer all
inories reeltinr o the ailhent of do-
iestlcated anias through the columns
of this paer free of charge. Should any
wish advice requiring an extended answer
y mall, they should enclose one dollar
for reply which will cover the case fully.

Feeding Stock.
"Feed your land and your land will
feed you."
The above terse sentiment has been
accepted as a fundamental truth by
every progressive tiller of the soil.
Let us go a little further by adding
the statement: Feed your stock from
your land and your stock will feed
both you and your land.
Florida farmers are just beginning
dimly to realize the force of this ad-
dition to an acknowledged 'truth.
Thanks to the growing demand for
Florida live stock, and the lessons on
feeding which have been recently in-
culcated by the good offices of the
Experiment Station, It is slowly dawn-
ing on the minds of the average Flor-
Idian that a new and profitable field
Is opening up for him in the way of
raising cattle, sheep and hogs. The
fact that ias have demonstrated that
our lands are well adapted to the cul-
tivation of cassava and the velvet
bean has been followed by the demon-
stration of the immense value of these
two products in fattening cattle and
hogs. Fortunately for Florida, recent
advances in the price of meats have
aad the effect of stimulating the endea-
vor to raise more meat on the farm,
and along with the necessity has come
the cheering prospect of being able to
provide the necessary provender to
render the raising of a better and heav-
ier grade of animals.-Freeae or No
The Cattle Tick.
(Bovphillus bovis).
This is without question the most im-
portant of American species of ticks
and has a double Imoortance since it
has been determined that it serves as
a carrier of the destructive Texas fever
of cattle. It was described in 1869 by
Prof. C. V., Riley and figures exten-
sively In discussions of cattle pests
since. Dr. Cooper Curtiee holds that
the Algerian tick, described by Me-
guin as (Ixodesdugesll), is identical
with the American form with the
probability that it was Intro-
duced Into America on Imported cattle.
The elaborate report on this species by
Dr. Curtice will serve us a basis for a
summary of the essential facts regard-
ing the species, while the numerous
experiments of Dr. M. Francis, of the
Texas Experiment Station, furnish the
most valuable guide In treatment.
The species is distributed certainly
through all of the warmer nortlons of
the United States and quite certainly
in Mexico, Central America, South
America, and Cuba, while, if the spe-
cies occurring in Northern Africa is
identical, It would extend its range
through Egypt Algeria, and probably
all Northern Africa and some of the
southernmost parts of Europe. Prot.
Riley's original discription and remarks
are as follows: "A reddish. corlaceous,
flattened species, with body oblong-
oval. contracted just behind the middle,
and with two longitudinal impression
above this contraction and three below
It, more especially visible in the dried
specimen. Head short and broad, not
spined behind. with two deep, round
pits. Palpi and beak together upusu.
ally short, the palpi being slender.
Lablum short and broad, densely spin.
ed beneath. Mandibles smooth above
with terminal hooks. Thoracic shield
distinct. one-third longer than wide
smooth and polished; convex, with th<
lyrate medial convexity very distinct
Legs long and slender, pale festaceoun
red: coxae not spined. Length ol
body. 0.15 of an inch; width, 0.09 of aI
Inch. This Is the cattle tick of thi
Western states. Several hundred spec
Imeq In different stages of growth
*^ *.-..

The S. Census Report of Catarrh,



.:l .l r S


... ........

Mo or fararL

Lalhl favored sections-
9 of 24 deaths from catarrb.
Catarrhal dlieanes prevail-
100of40 jieslaths rme tarr Winiaer eatarrb prevails mom saith
Summer ataurh prevail. meet set

Greatest ratality from catarrb- Summer eatarrb prevails m mmb.
Sof 10 deaths frma caarrlh. The Cause of r Met odly all Is CalarUr

Mrs. Belva A. Lockwood, late
candidate for the Presidency,
writes: e have used yoar Pe-
ruaa and I find it an invaluable
remedy for cold, catarrh and kin-
dred diseases; also a good tonic
for feeble and old people, or those
run down and with nerves un-
struag. I desire, also, to say that
It has no evil effects" Mrs.
Lockwood's residence Is Wash-
iagtoa, D. C

OF NEW YORK CITY. Major Generl Joseph Wheeler,
Hon. Amos J. Cummings, of commanding the cavalry forces i
New York, says: "Peruna Is good front of Santago, and the auth
for catarrh. I have tried it and of "The Santiago Campaign," Is
know it. It relieved me immense- speaking of the great catarrh re
ly on my trip to Cuba, and -ey, Peruna, says: **I join wIt
I always have a bottle in reserve. Senators Sullivan, Roac and Mo.
Since my return I have not suf- Enery in their good opinion of
fered from caterrh, but if I do I runa. It is recommended to me
shall use Peruna again. Mean- by those who have med it as as
time you might send me another excellent tonic and particularly
bottle." effective as a cre for catarrh."

Catarrh has already become a national curse. Its ravages extend from ocean
to ocean. More than one-half of the people are affected by it Catarrh is a sys-
temic disease. Peruna is a systemic remedy. Peruna cures catarrh by rem -
ing the cause. Address The Peruna Medicine Co., Columbus, 0., for free L,..


have also been received from Pulvon. ticks are ,not an essential means of
west coast of Nicaragua. taken from Irnnsiuission. they are so generally the
the horned cattle, and on a species of source of infection that their distruc-
)usyprocta by Mr. .T. McNeil. tion constitutes a most important fac-
They preserve the elongated flatten- tor in the prevention of the disease.
ed form. with the body contracted be- Prevention the Remedy.-Since the
hind the middle. by which this species ticks get access to the animals main-
may be easily identified. ly by being brushed upon them from
The largest snecimens measured 0.50 the leaves of bushy plants or trees, the
by 0.30 of an inch. When gorged with keeping of cattle away from wooded
blood they are nearly as thick through pastures is recommended as one ad-
as they are broad. In the freshly hatch- vantageous method of preventing their
ed hexapodous young. and the young injuries. Weed strongly recommends
in the'next" stage of growth, the thor- the feeding of sulphur and salt as a
acic shield is one-third the size of the preventive. For direct treatment. there
whole body. which is pale yellowish, is probably nothing that equals the
with very distinct crenulations on the dipping process. by which the whole
hinder edge. The fourth pair of legs a"inial is completely drenched with
are added apparently at the first molt a dipping solution. Dr. Francis. after
It is called gar apata. by the Inhabit- using a spraying outfit for the purpose,
ants of Nicaragua." says that he has discarded it entirely
for tRhe more satisfactory method of
Relation of Ticks to Texas Fever.- dipping special preference being given
That tickshave a8 rlation toTexas diling. special preference being given
That ticks have a relation to Texas to di of cotton seed oll.-U. S. De-
fever was held many years ago by peo- payment of Agriculture, Division of
ple acquainted with outhernt of Agicultre, Division o
but no valid reason for such belief
could be adduced, and the idea was C
looked upon by the scientific world One Copy Worth a Year's Subscrip
as only one of the popular notions that tion.
came from taking coincidences as g. 0. Painter Co.. Jacksosrille. Fin.
meaning cause and effect. i Gentlemen:-I have considered your
When, however, the study of the dis- state my future home and may get
ease was entered npon from the stand- there yet. The Agriculturist has given
point of modern bacteriology, it was me more pointers than any paper I
learned that the ticks may have a have read, even for this and more
most important relationship as car- northern latitudes. Many an item has
riders of the disease germ and thereby '.een worth the year's subscription.
serve as agents of infection. It is now W. H. Chaddock.
generally accepted that even If the Rogers. Ark., Sept. 17. 1900.

The cost of seeds compared with the
value of the crop is so small that a
few cents saved buying second rate
seeds will amount to many dollars lost
when the harvest is gathered. Farm-
ers have found out by many costly fail-
ures what a risky thing it is to buy
seeds without being pretty sure that
they are reliable and true- to name.
The latest catalogue of the seed house
of I). M1. Ferry & Co.. of Detrolt, Mich.,
is a reminder that thousands of farm.
ers in the United States and Canada.
have pinned their faith to the reputa-
tionl of this great firm. During a
business( career approaching half a cen-
tury in time Ferry's seeds have won an
annual increase in popularity, which
is perhaps the best evidence that they
grow and give satisfaction. Ferry's
Seed Annual for 1901 is a useful guide
in selecting seeds for the farm, the
truck garden and the flower garden.
It is sent free on application.

There is a Sanitarium in Bellevlew,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
J.. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Belleview. Fla.'
Can't yo win one of or premi
Can't you win one of our premiums?


All immmaientiois or inquiries for this de-
parment should be addressed to
Pertlser Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Bridging "Off Year."
The fact that many orange trees, es-
pecially seedlings, fruit once in
two years and on alternate years,
little or none; and that an an-
ollation of a fertilizer, strong in sul-
phate of potash', late in the fall or ear-
ly In the spring, brings them into regu-
lar annual bearing, Indicates that they
were stinted in their supply of that
element. That this has often been the
case with trees that were nearly or
quite barren every other year, has been
demonstrated by several well known
The bridging of "off years" in apple
orchards in this country and in Eng-
land, by a free use of potash in the
form of ashes, or of sulphate of potash,
is a matter of frequent record, show-
ing that even soils containing a much
higher per. cent. of potash than do
those of Florida, require an applica-
tion of this ingredient.
The growers of corn and cotton in
Florida have very much the same ex-
perience as the fruit growers. They
have found that the "white bud" and
often, the rust, on these crops can be
cared or prevented only by an applica-
tion of kainit. Fruit trees are of a
more hardy mould than tender annu-
als; they do not show in their foliage
or their growth so sensitively as do
the latter, the lack of a certain nutri-
tive element, but their refusal to yield
fruit is an expression of their discon-
tent, the same as the white bud in
corn or the rust in cotton.
The only element in kainit worth
mentioning as a soil feeder is potash;
and we can not avoid the conclusion
that this was the missing element that
the plants or fruit trees needed. White
bud is simply poverty; it is a paleness
or whiteness of the foliage, amounting
sometimes, almost to whiteness; it is
starvation, it is anaemia.
The Wealth of Air and Water.
Modern research in discovering laws
of nutrition and the growth of plants,
has shown that they can be grown on
very barren soil. Of the materials that
make up the plant, only a very small
proportion-say' about two per cent.
or thereabout, of grass when ready to
be cut into hay. and a still smaller
proportion of the ripened grain of corn
or wheat-have come from the soil,
the rest having been supplied by the
-air from its stores, which are inex-
haustible. The combustible part con-
slats mainly of the chemical elements,
carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and hydro-
gen. The carbon was obtained by the
plant through its leaves, from the air,
oxygen and hydrogen are the constit-
uents of water, which the air also fur-
nlshed. and the nitrogen likewise came
from the air. The only food product
that the soil produced to the plant was
the small amount of mineral matter
found in the ashes, and this usually Is
so abundant in ordinary soils with the
exception of four elements, that the
cropping of ages does not exhaust it.
In Florida soils, however, the mineral
elements, lime and potash, and phos-
phoric acid, are usually lacking and
have to be supplied artificially.
Experiments have determined the
chemical elements that plants take up

nredi ertilizers does not look with die-
favor upon the efforts of the agricul-
turist to secure the greatest possible
supply of nitrogen from the air and
water. Such a farmer is enterprising,
progressive and logical, and he soon
discovers that the more he secures of
the natural stores the more he will ac-
ally need of the artificial, and converse-
ly. Each supports and suppleomeuts
the other and neither can be witlhhld
without producing the same disastrous
results as if both had been denied to
the soil. In fact, the dealer lik-.. to
see the farmer growing leguminous
croos to turn under, for then he is as-
sured of those powerful solvents, the
vegetable acids without whose action
the commercial fertilizers would fall
much short of producing their full re-
C *
Answers to Correapondents.
Editor FPrtilizer Department:
In the Fertilizer Department of De-
cember 5th, I found a very instruc-
tive article "Fertilizing and Cultivat-
ing Orange Trees."
(1). Would you advise working in
the fertilizer with spading harrows?
(2). Would you mow- weeds and
grass when very rank?
(3). Would not fertilizer spread in a
grove covered with a rank growth of
weeds and grass ie partially wasted?
(4). In view of a liability to start
growth too early. at what time would
you fertilize?
(5). For a tree in good growing con-
dition, ten to twelve feet high' and
same in diameter, say one fertilizing
annually, how many pounds of fertili-
zer elements -equivalent to Simon
Pure No. 1, are necessary?
(6i). How many pounds it fertilized
twice each year? That is, each appli-
(7). How many pounds if fertilized
three times each year?
(8). If humus was plenty or fairly
plenty, how much lime per acre, In an
average orange grove, would be bene-
(9). At what season should lime be
Your "Answers to Correspondents"
and Fertilizer Department have added
greatly to the value of the Agricultur-

application of .fom thirty to fort.\
pounds. the amount to be determined
by local conditions, soil. etc. For two
applications, we would recommend
December or January, and In June or
July. If you prefer to apply the fer-
tilizer in three applications, make the
first one in December or January,
April or May. July or August. accord-
ing to seasons.
(8). One ton of lime per acre, ap-
plied once in three or four years.
(!t). You can apply lime at almost
any season, but it should be at least
six weeks before, or six weeks after
the application of fertilizer. That is to
say. it should not be applied within six
weeks of any application of fertilizer.
4 *
Editor Fertilizer Department:
I am a novice in the orange tree bus-
iness. and I gratefully receive every
practical suggestion that comes to me.
To no one am I more deeply indebted
than to you. Allow me to tax your
kindness with an ine.uiry.
The subject of cultivating orange
trees, is to me. a most perplexing one.
In an editorial under the heading
"Fertilizers and Cultivating Orange
Trees." which appeared in the Agricul-
turist on the 5th instant, you say:
"We reached the point where we felt
satisfied that when an orange tree has
reached bearing size, that it was bet-
ter for the tree, better for the fruit atid
better for the owner, to let cultivation
entirely cease." and you also say itat
by that mode of treatment, "the
ground will be growing richer,all the
time if the proper amount of fertilizer
is being applied to the orange trees
with each succeeding year." Now, I
wish to ask you what do you mea'i by
letting "cultivation entirely cease.' Do
you mean that the ground shall not
be disturbed at all? If cultivation en-
tirely ceases, how would you apply a
fertilizer? Would you scatter it
broadcast and not disturb the surface
of the ground? If there is to be no cul-
tivation at all, how would It do to turn
the land over to beggarweed instead of
to the weeds and grass? J. L. H.
Clearwater. Florida.
What we mean by letting cultivation
entirely cease is to keep the plow and
harrow absolutely out of the grove as


U N ead Bert Sbewr the Market.

Over 1,44H in use in Florida, Call-
fornia, Jamaica, and in the large com-
mission houses of New York, Boston,
l'lil:adelphil,. and other points.
Orange sizer, Combined
without hop- grapefruit &
per only $6. orange siers,
With hopper, 4 without hop-
$8.50. ers, $8.00.
Same w t h
Hl1ffnB hopper $10.50.

Brights and Russets can be sized
and graded at the same time. Capacity
of $8.;-) machine. 500 boxes per day.
Capacity of $6.00 machine, 200 boxes.
Send for Circular.
J. T. CAIRNS, - DeLand, Fla.

near as it is possible to do so. The
hoe. mowing machine and scythe be-
ing the only instruments or cultivation
allowed, with these exceptions. There
are groves that are so situated that to
leave all the weeds and grass undis-
turbed. would greatly endanger them
from fire. If any plowing is done at
all it should be done in the fall and as
shallow as it is possible to run the
plow. If the mowing machine is prop-
erly used during the season, there will
be but a small amount of grass and
weeds in the way in the fall.
Chemical fertilizers can be spread
on broadcast and allowed to work
down to the rootlets.
There would he no objection to turn-
ing your grove into beggarweeds In.
stead of grass and weeds, but for some
reason or other beggarweed does not
seem to thrive in soil that is not plow-
ed at least once a year and therefore
would soon run out.

by their roots. The list includes phos-' int. Now I expect to see your valuable ITh Eminent Kidney
phoric acid, sulphuric acid, Iron, lime, publication wired for better oreserva-
lmagnesia, potash, and for many soils tion. F. W. L. and Bladder Speciallst.
Scomound of nitrogen. The orga, Florida.
Scopo of these substanesn.existhe (1). There is no particular objec-
t of these substances exist tion to working fertilizer with a snad- i
abundance even in barren soils with ing harrow. When there are grass
exception of phosphoric acid, potash d ees on te s e a
and nitrogen. The first is abundant ind weeds on the surface a s:d Ving
Siun harrow does not- go very deeply, there-
in miiany countries and in no country I ., L J-
so abundant and cheap as in Florida. fore it is not likely to disturb and mu-
so abundant and cheap as in Florida.
Nature has supplied the second in the tilate the roots.
almost inexhaustible bed over-lying the (2). Yes.
sea-st in. he region of ^ tasst. (3). If a pure chemical fertilizer is
seae r n of S applied, there will be no loss except
Germany. Up to the present time, nl- the amont takn up y the needs ad
trogen has been the most costly of the
several elements of plant food, and grass. This of course would be returned
in the course of time if the weeds and
without it the soil is exhausted and re- e itscvfr at xwamp-s atat k t
fuses to yield a harvest. Agriculturists grass were allowed to remain in the 1 L r
have paid from ten to twenty-five grove when cut down. The fertilizer There is a diss prevailln i this
would not act as quick when spread country most dangerous because so decep
cents a pound for it, in guano, nitrate rroed In Manydden deth are aue
of soda, sulphate of ammonia and ii on the surface as when harrowed in. tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
of od. sulphate of ammonia and In It-heart. disease, pneumonia, heart faire
othr forms: and yet hundreds of as the trees will only be able to get It or apoplexy are often the result of kidne
ou r fo at th a sr as it is dissolved by rains and carried disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to a-
pounds are floating in the atmosphere down to the rotlet ance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
over every acre of soil in cultivation. t o he vital organs, or the kidneys.themerilve
- Unless the farmer is skillful in avail- (4). You are not liable to start break own and waste away cellby col
Himself of the treasures f the air rly growth unless you cultivate.- If Then the richnessoftheblood-thealbum
I lfof th treasure of t you do not cultivate you can apply -leaks out and the sufferer hsas DrigXa
and water, hIe will find that the soil of Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Florid is a ir dependence. To draw your fertilizer broadcast either in De- Dr. Kiime's Swamp-Root the new d-
olnl i a lor dependence. TOdwMers p tt new "
u~n te r s of te ar r or January. cover is the truespecfic for kidney, bladder
on lte resources o th ai h st (). We would not give the orange and urinary troubles. It has cured thousand
raise leguminous plants, such as the of apparently hopeless cass, after all other
beggarweed. owpeas velvet beans, tree at one time all of the fertilizer effortshavefailed. Atdruggiinffty
e. a d, e, e am that it is expected to use during the and dollar sizes. A sample bottle seat fr
etc.. and turn under er e acumula I year. There are some people who can by mailr also a book telling aboutSwanu
ted stores of nitrogen, or let the vines) Root and its wonderful cures. Addrim
nd weed deo oe on the s e, thrive on one meal a day, but the av- Dr. Klmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. and
and weeds decompose on the surface
otectig the land fom the urng erage mortal likes it divided into three mention this paper.
protecting the land from the burning meals, two t the least.
meals, two at the least.
sun,. which also saves nitrogen. i the .
The intelligent dealer in manufact- (7). For atree the size you men THE "COMMON SENSE'
tion. we would recommic.ed the annual




Impatlens Sultani
We have recommended this plant sev-
eral times. But we wish to call atten-
tion to it again. We know of no plant
so easily grown as a house plant nor
any other that is so nearly a perpetual
bloomer. Cuttings begin to bloom al-
most as soon as they begin to make
new growth and they will keep at it
so long as they are kept in a thrifty
growing condition.
We have one large specimen plant
that grew all summer under a cloth
shelter in the open ground. We have
taken it up and it is now in a tub on
a porch ready to be brought in when
cold weather comes.
It stands over 30 inches high and
though tied up to a stake, still has a
spread of over three feet. Only seven
stems start from the ground, but they
divide and subdivide until at the top
there are over thirty, each terminated
by a cluster of flowers varying from
two to over a dozen, making a total of
over one hundred and fifty.
This Impatiens is tender and sensi-
tive to frost. It is also very easily de-
stroyed by over watering. If the soil
is kept saturated, cuttings will rot in
stead of rooting. An old plant under
the same treatment will seem to be al
right for a time, but all at once wil
droop and a closer examination wil
disclose the fact that the roots are al
rotten and very probably the stem it
self will be rotten at the surface.
Cestrum Elegans.
This is usually catalogued, when of
fered at all, as Habrothamnus elegant
It Is not very common in cultivation
In fact, it is not offered, so far as w
know, in any Northern florist's cats
logue and in only three Southern one
that we have seen. It is a shrub wit]
long slender branches, which are salt
to be easily trained on a trellis, ant
thus converted into"a half climber.
When it first began to bloom thi
season we were not very favorabi
impressed. A single straggling blot
som here and there on the bush wa
not very showy. Now that ever
branch is tipped with a cluster o
bright crimson flowers, it is quite bean
The flowers are very similar to thot
of the common "Night-blooming Jessa
mine," Cestrum nocturnum, in siz
and shape, but are a rich dark crimson
in color and have no fragrance.
It is said to be a perpetual bloom
through the summer season. An ol
established bush would be a gran
We do not know how much cold
will endure, but presume that like tl
other Cestrums, a hard freeze would
kill the tops, but that a little bank
earth at the base of the stem wou
save the roots.
Jesm~mines or Cestrums.
Editor Floral Department:
I sometimes think in my great lo'
for flowers. I am a burden to n
friends, for whenever I have a ne
lower or plant. or some old favor
blooms. I want my friends to enjt
them with me.
Only last evening I called a neighb
and her husband to "come and se
my beautiful "Night-blooming Jess
mine," both native Florldians, wl

no doubt have seen hundreds of the ly we know no species of flowering
same shrubs in bloom, many larger plants that will make more show with
than mine, but oh, it was so beautiful so little care and cultivation. A Flor-
in the silvery moonlight, its delicate ida correspondent of the Mayflower,
bells shining with the peculiar glow gives the following account of her ex-
which only a Florida moonlight can perience with Cannas: c a ^ ^
impart, every starry bloom filling the "An exceedingly showy bed of Can-
night with its wonderful fragrance. nas. obtained from Floral Park, has Look at your tongue
My first Cestrum Parqul was a tiny given me such pleasure that I am mov- IS it coated ?
plant ordered with other new plants ed to advise any and all to go and do Then you have a bad
for my Northern home. likewise. They are not sufficiently
After potting the tiny thing, it was appreciated here, there being too much taste in your mouth every
set in the greenhouse with other plants of a tendency to cling to old sorts, for morning. Your appetite
and forgotten until one evening in instance. the "Indian Shot." their prim- is poor, and food dis-
June. a friend remarked that I "must itive progenitor. which to my mind, be- tresses you. OU have
have a itew flower in bloom in the bay- sides being decidedly non-ornamental, frequent headaches and
window." A search there failed to is not to Ibe compared In any way, ev- are often dizzy. Your
find the flower which was filling the en in ease of culture, to the Crozy
room with such fragrance; then we dwarfs, or taller growing varieties, stomach is weak and
went to the greenhouse and there hid- chief among which, as a stand-by, 1 your bowels are always
den behind a big Geranium was Ces- would place Madam Crozy. which ex- Constipated.
trum Parqui. only twelve inches high, cept when brought into collision with There's an old and e-
fairly loaded with fragrant starry an unexpected frost is ever ready with liable cure:
blooms, its brilliant gilt-edged blossoms. A
My first order for plants for planting close second comes Paul Marquant,
in my new home here was for two followed by Alphonse Bouvier, Flor-
Cestrum Parquis. little plants not once Vaughan. Golden Star. Alscaise,
over six inches high, less than three Improved Queen Charlotte and Ehmnan-
years ago. now great shrubs five feet ni. The two more recent varieties, It-
high by eight feet in diameter. alia and Austria. produce dowers
They are planted in sandy soil, have of unexceptional bweaut and size but
never received an ounce of fertilizer, are less sturdy. A reference to the J
and. excepting when first set to get c.talogues will give the descriptions
them started, no water, only that given of these and many others of equal, if
iby nature. not superior. merit which, after once
Another favorite is Cestrum diur- reading. will make a selection irresisti-
Snum. Two plants set two years ago ble. if you haven't one already; and
are great shrubs twelve feet high and plenty of fertilizer, some sun and wa-
almost always in bloom: the flowers ter will bring them to a degree of per-
are pure white, produced in cluster fection almost undreamed of in rela-
and very fragrant, and is a day bloom- tives of our grandmother s "Indian Don't take a Catharle
er. The flowers are very dainty and Shlt."--Irene L. Moase." dose and then stop. Bet-
pretty for oIuquets and the more you * ter take a laxative doe
pick the more you have. She Kept Them Cold. each night, just enough to
There is another Cestrum known as We lo e none of our readers ever causeoneg6odfreemov.
Auranticum. a yellow-flowered night- follow directions quite so literally as Causeonegoodfreemove-
i blooming variety which I have not the the subject of the following note from ment the day following.
Pleasure of owning yet, but it is one lThe Mayflower: YOU feel better th
of the good things I will have some "I have awful luck with bulbs." said Very next day. Your
day. Mrs. Jennie F. Dickinson. a pretty woman, looking enviously at appetite returns, your
I Miami. Florida. a windowful of Intffodils and Tulips, dyspepsia is cured, your
a olhn day last spring. "'l've tried them headaches ps
Cornus Florida Rubra-Bed Flower- several times and they always rfail." h achs pa
ing Dogwood. "*'Tell mie how you treat them." asked your tongue clean up,
Editor Floral Department: a neighbor. "perhaps you don't plant your liver acts well, and
In my last article for the Floral De- them properly." your bowels no longer
. apartment. I wrote of Cornus Florida, -"Well. some directions came with give you trouble.
I. which nearly every one may see who them last fall. and I followed them.
i. visits the timbered hammock lands in exactly." :tld tile unhluky-planter-of- Prie. 28 mast. Alsnmits.
e Florida in the month of March. It is Iulbis. "lThe directions said to keep kn A s P
of its relation, C0. F. rulra. of which tlhIen in a 'ool ila(. so I pllt them in ad I er tbme mMr I
- I would now treat. This grand flow- ihe refrigerator in the coldest shed you de. One pill does Ime ad
s ering ornanlental tree has been annu- ever saw. When ought I to plant tn half a any th
h ally entalogued by the proprietor of a them?" Mrs. N. F. TALOT,
d large and apparently reputable. nur- "(;reat ~nuns:" the neighbor exclaim- March,I sss9. Arrwntm,
sery near Philadelphia for many years. e1i. ".on, yon luean to say they're not
A beautiful. bright, rose-colored plate plhlned yet? And here it is April! No
of it that I received a few years ago wonder you don't have any luck. You
s goes far to convince me that the dis- don't deserve any."
semination of this tree has been alto- TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
gether too much neglected. The fol- Expensive Flowers. Por.polishinw, cleaning
Slowing is a description of it, as given 'robaily very few of our readers o r wbasbia :oramue
8 in his catalogue: and lemon. without
y "Red Flowering Dogwood." (C. F. realize what enormous prices are paid injury and a slijbttex-
f rubra). This is simply a great and for flowers in the large cities during pene.
grand improvement on the otherwise the winter. The original stock of the WRIGHT BROS.,
u- unrivaled white flowering variety. It Carnation. Mrs. T. W. Lawson. was
possesses the same freedom of flow- sold by the originator to the florists -- Irald Cal.
e ering. producing what might be termed who introduced it to general cultiva-
- a drift of bloom of a bright, fresh and tion for $:30.( The following is from The look whose title and description
cheerful rosy red. In habit it is more the Rural New Yorker: we ouote above is a small one, but it
&e upright; the foliage larger, somewhat "Last winter a fashionable florist in fully illustrates an old adage, "The
n more velvety, darker green in summer, New York had a monopoly of a won- best goods are done up in the smallest
and even richer and more wonderful derful carnation, the flowers being re- packages." It contains 22 Illustrations
er in the brilliancy of its autumn crimson, tailed at $7.50 a dozen. This was not 14 of which are full page cuts from
dThe fruit or berries are the same as the variety Mrs. T. W. Lawson. wide- photographs. showing various methods
those of the species." ly discussed in the newspapers -s of planting trees, shrubs and vines for
Id It is now catalogued by the proprie- "the $30,000 pink. but a new ornament, the rest are ground plans for
tors of a reliable nursery in Ohio, seedling known as No. t6i. It laying out dooryards and small count-
it which I regard as a sufficient guaran- is a four-inch flower. flesh-white mo+- try homes.
tee in regard to its desirability. There tlel with nink. with stiff 30-inch .\nericat country people ar geasa
e is no doubt that the effect of having stems. 'rhe originator, knowing the rule too much absorbed in money get.
Id the two varieties growing not far dis- value of the cut flowers, did not dis- ting to give attention to beautifving
of tant from each other, so as to take in semlihate it. but continued to sell the their surroundings. The places where
Id their varied attractions at one view, blooms at a high price. This year it they live too often are simply "eating
would be very fine. M. has discarded the three sixes for a houses and dormitories." They are
[The Cyclopedia of Am. Horticulture more pretentious title, and is christen- not homes.
says of the white variety: "One of the ed Prosperity. It has already provid- The subject of live fences has but
ost beautiful of American flowering ed its originator with a full dinner little interest in these days of wire
most beautiful o American flowering pail." fences. But windbreaks are becoming
ve trl4,-4.*" Of this variety. "but less free
y f t more and more a necessity and the
w flowering tlan the type."-Ed.] Books Received. subject is one of especial interest to
te *l Hedges. Windbreaks. Shelters and Florida orange growers.
oy Cannas. Live Fences. A treatise on the plant- With the plans and illustrations of
A lady wrote to us not long since ing, growth and management of hedge tills book before hint there is little need
or that she did not care for Cannas. We plants for country and suburban of an expert landscape gardener.
e" can not understand it, except upon the homes. By E. P. Powell. Illustrated. The directions given though full and
a- supposition that she has not seen the 12mo. pp 140. cloth. Orange .Tudd Co., explicit are not verbose, nothing seems
ho new large flowered varieties. Certain- New York. Price 50 cents. to be put in merely to fill up space.



Satmr at the post-office at Deand. Flor-
ida, a s ond as matter.

Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
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e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
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To isue insertion, all advertisements for
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Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their p changed MUST give the old as
well as "the new address.


We. read that in Spain the orange
*does well along the Mediterranean
coast as high up as North latitude 42
degrees, while in the interior it does
not flourish further north than 37 de-
green, 30 minutes-a difference equal
to more than half the length of Flor-
ida. This is due to the Drotective ef-
fect of the water.
The peach tree in Florida grows rap-
idly. It makes wood with astonishing
swiftness. It acts almost like a grape-
vine and needs to be treated about the
same as one. Unless the trees are
pruned back they produce large and
long branches, which in a short time,
cease almost entirely to put out later-
als and make almost wholly a terminal
growth. In this condition, a tree will
become a bloomer and bearer. Prun-
ing should be done before the tree puts
out its bloom, and the first year, ear-
ly enough to throw out laterals, or
else the pruning will cut away about
all the bloom buds. At least half the
fall growth should be removed.
It is probable that the time will come
when wheat will be profitably grown
in Florida. There is nothing in the soil
or the temperature to prevent this,
provided a suitable variety is discover-
ed or developed by selection, for India
prodnes a large yield of wheat on soil
as sandy and under a temperature as
high as Florida's, if not higher. There
are thirty millions of acres cultivated
in wheat, in India. For five thousand
years it has been a staple crop in Chi-
na, Egypt and even Abyssinia, almost
Sunder the equator. There are many
species under cultivation and a still
greater number of varieties, each hav-
ing Its geographical limitations, out-
side of which it will not succeed. We
have seen scattered heads of wheat,
seeded by chance, which were filled

with plump, heavy grains. Rice, corn
and oats grown in Florida, are notable
for the hardness and heaviness of their
We wish to return thanks to our sub-
icriber, Mr. B. M. Hampton, of Lake-
mont. for a box of choice tangerines.
The fruit was exceptionally fine, high-
ly colored, of good size and of a de-
licious flavor. Such fruit as Mr.
Halnpton sent us would readily sell in
thbi market at this time of the year
at $1*i a box. The fruit'showed that
cart had been taken in the growing
and also the handling and putting up.
Mr. Hampton ought to have no trou-
ble in establishing a reputation for fan-
cy fruit. We would have no objection
to our other subscribers following his
a I
Few people are aware of the value
of the neglected and often despised
goa.t as .an animal of general utility
about the house. No animal that
clhews its cln upon the same coarse
and bitter vegetation-often the most
bitter and strong scented herbs-is so
little affected by that feed in its flesh
or milk. No other domestic animal is
so contented when confined. Give the
goat a tether of a few feet in length,
tied to a board large enough for it to
lie down upon. with water to drink,
forage' in plenty and cheap shelter to
protect it from the rain. and it will
feed upon everything within its reach,
clear the land of obnoxious weeds and
shrubs, and give a pint or a quart of
milk twice a day. of the best quality,
for the baby or invalids and even for
well people. There is no reason why
the Augora should not be acclimated
here by crossing otn the common Span-
ish goat and then breeding up, and its
milk and flesh are not objectionable to
the most fastidious American.

The Cattle Business.
The pioneers from Georgia started
in with their cattle and kept them
moving southward upon the heels of
the Seminoles, in search of fresh
ranges, until they reached the
impenetrable Everglades. Like all
American pioneers they cared little or
nothing to buy as long as they could
move on and And new ranges, but when
they reached the end of the lariat, they
were willing to purchase and found
permanent homes. The state sold four
millions of acres of land to a syndi-
cate at the nominal price of 25 cents
per acre. but the cattlemen could not
get such bargains. But for this policy
there would have been today, fine cat-
tle ranches in South Florida, stocked
with the better breeds, crosses upon
improved cattle from the North and
England. Men did not care to spend
much money breeding up their cattle
unless they had a permanent foothold
and a vested interest.
Int 1854., a half century ago, stock
cattle were worth $5.00 a head in South
Florida. and beef cattle, $12.00 per
head. So it appears that there has
been little advance or improvement in
all these years. judging by the prices
paid for Florida cattle today. If it
were not for the exceptional demand
in Cuba. prices would hardly be high-
er than they were fifty years ago.
In 1860. Captain James McKay op-
ened up a cattle trade with Cuba and
conutinned it until the outbreak of the
civil war. After the close of the war,
he re-opened this traffic and has con-

tinued it up to the present time. Be-
fore the present exceptional demand
set in, prices in Cuba dropped to the
level of 1850, beef cattle brought $12.00
per head. There has been a falling off
in the ranges, owing to overstocking
and the neglect of the farmers to in-
troduce improved varieties of grass,
but this falling off has not materially
set back the cattle industry. Cattle
still live through the winter without
artificial feeding and get fat by the
first of May.
It was believed by pioneers who did
not foresee the last insurrection in Cu-
ba, that the Cuban cattle trade would
never be as good again as it was in the
early days, when sometimes 50,000
head were shipped from Florida
in a single year. But it is likely that
state statistics will show that since
the close of the Spanish war, the ship-
ments have been even heavier than
they were years ago. Under normal
conditions, Cuba raises a great many
cattle and is tolerably well supplied;
but when there comes a dry year and
their cattle are poor, while those of
Florida are in good order, the Cubans
buy freely from the stockmen.
There are so many Americans emi-
grating to Cuba that they will create a
market for the Chicago refrigerator
beef and the inferior range beef of
Florida, as at present grown, will fall
more or less into disrepute. The
growth in the state's population in the
last decade, as shown by the census,
indicates the near approach of a time
when Florida must improve her breeds
and her ranges, or else the supply of
beef will be inadequate to the domestic
demand. Cattle now pay well, as they
double their numbers in five years if
they remhiin healthy. From 1850 to
1885, there was no disease of any con-
sequence in the herds of Solth Flor-
ida; then for a year or two, a malady
not quite understood prevailed, but
this has passed away.
There are many thousands of acres
of low, moist prairie lands that are un-
suitable, without drainage, for any-
thing else but pasturage; these make
fine stock ranges, especially when set
in improved grasses. The pars grass
does well, the Bermuda grass does bet-
ter, it is the recognized king of pas-
ture grasses in South Florida, growing
practically all the year around. With
a free range, scrub stock and nothing
but the native grasses, cattle pay well.
They certainly would pay better with
Improved and cultivated grasses.
The cost of marking and branding
the calves is reckoned at fifty cents
per head. To herd it for three or four
years, till ready for feed, $1.00. Now
fifty cents more to gather and drive to
market. There is an outlay of $2.00
and the animal brings $12.00, at, say
four years of age. Such profits as these
would be attractive if men could buy
the lands on which to range the cattle.
The agents of the syndicates will not
sell a township for less than $1.25 per
acre, hence the Northern capitalists
who would have invested, have turned
away and gone to Texas and built up
fine stock ranges.
Growing better as it Grows Older.
Editor Florida Agriclturist:
Dear Sir:-Please find $2.00 enclosed
for which to renew my subscription.
I think the Agriculturist a better pa-
per now than it was ten years ago,
when I first subscribed for it. The
fertilizer department Is very instruc-
tive to me. Yours truly.
W. M. Crow.
Plattsburg, Mo., December 3rd.


This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information-
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-

Editor Florida Agrfculttrist.
What stock do you recommend for
South Florida, for the orange on Bat
woods land, well drained? No water
stands on the land and could be well
drained if it did. If you have a Dref-
erence, please give your reasons. WIN
the trifoliata bear as heavily as the
rough lemon, bearing surface consider-
ed? E. N. B.
Punta Gorda, Florida.
We would recommend either the sour
stock of rough lemon. The rough len-
on is a grosser feeder than the wild
orange and will thrive on poorer land,
but it will not stand as much cold as
the sour stock. The rough lemon
seems to have been growing in favor
among the planters during late years,
although the sour stock could former-
ly be found growing under nearly all
conditions under which the orange tree
exists in the state. The sour stock
seems to be a fairly good feeder, prac-
tically free from disease and makes
large trees. Our personal acquaintance
is more with the sour stock than with
the rough lemon.
We have no way of telling whether
the trifoliata will bear as heavily as
the rough lemon, at the present time,
as the trifoliata has not yet been tried
long enough to determine these points.
The advantages of the trifoliata, how-
ever, are in its early bearing qualities
and early maturity of fruit, together
with hardiness of stock.

Sugar Yam Seed Wantd.
Hawks Park, Fla., Dec. 14.
Editor Florida Agricutlurit,
Dear Sir:-I noticed In a late num-
ber of your paper, an article from the
Atlanta Constitution, In regard to
what the writer called the "Sugar
Yam Potato." Could you give me any
information as to where I can procure
some of them for seed.
Yours truly.
A. B. Wilkinson.
Can any one give information as to
where the above seed can be found?
Syrup NIkin.
Synvru boiling will be one of the em-
ployments of farmers in South Flor-
ida for some time now.
An important question for all, but
especially the cane grower Is, have
there been any improvements in the
methods of crushing, boiling and sell
ing since the crop was handled a year
It is conceded that cane can be cul-
tivated profitably on practically every
acre of tillable land in South Florida,
provided it could be well sold off from
year to year. Where from 300 to 500
gallons can be grown to the acre ready
and sure sale is quite as Important as
good prices. A certain quantity always
sells in the home markets at from 30
to 40 cents per gallon. If put up in air
tight vessels, it remains pure through
the hot season. A difficulty in the
way of wider sale has heretofore been
the danger of souring during the snm-
mer. All the sugar Is left in It, and
it is therefore, very sweet and rich in
color and flavor. Where seen, it Is ad-
mired; where tasted, it Is a favorite.
The only, or the leading question then
is, how to treat it that the danger to
the purchaser for retail purposes of its
souring may be removed, or at least
reduced to a minimum. This is the
point on which every thought and ex-
periment should be focused. When
this Is secured the markets will hunt
for Florida syrup as they now do for
Florida oranges.
There is a literature on syrup-mak-
ing as there is on every other subject.
The United States Agricutral De-
partment issues formulas for syrp-
making, as well as for sugar-makin.


8o do the agricultural coges and
perimental stations within the
belt. Every farmer that is making
an acre or two of cane, if not abso
ly all growers, however small the
should have enough of the orac
parts of this literature and these
mulas to test best methods know
cane growers.
We regard this the question of I
mount importance. Can you mal
syrup, containing all the sugar in
cane, that may be safely stored
summer trade? If so, Florida ca
tain or draw to herself a large per
of the great sums of money that
go out of the country for syrup
equal to what she can make. In
opinion of the writer, it is at pre
a great deal easier for the farmer
compete with syrup makers than
sugar makers. If he can attain
point where he can sell prdfitably,
near at hand, all the syrup he
make, he has made a long step tow
the manufacture of a sugar that
enter the markets with reasonable
of success. Much capital may be i
ed for sugar-making; but cane c
ing. syrup boiling machinery is cl
and a few such mills of the best
terns and handled according to the
metJiods. might soon be establlshi
every neighborhood. Let the fa
give his attention to every impi
meant in this matter, and push for
Inquiry on every part of the busi
If the character of the syrup ca
Made sure. and especially the da
to it of passing through
summer heat, the victory is
No danger of it interf
with orange gathering. The I
will never make more, if Its gathi
be profitable, than can be gath
Men flock to points where they a
demand. The fact that cane can t
lied on for a full annual crop is e
lished: that it is rich in sugar i
no saying; that the syrup made
the cane has no superior all who
it admit; then, let methods for
ing It bear any climate for a full
son he made sure. and a fortune
lie on any industrious man's farn
the gathering.
The best in the markets Is wh
best made at the starting place.--
[Full particulars and Instruc
how to make Florida syrup that
keep for years were given in our
of October 3rd. No further nee
poor syrup, or syrup that sours.--

An Irrigated Karkut Garden
Benjamin Titus of Irondequolt, ]
says the Rochester Chronicle, Irri
his market garden. On four and
half acres on which lettuce and c
are raised, be has 19,000 feet of
which feed 650 sprayers. A 75 1
power engine pumps 25 barrels o0
ter from a wel every 20 minutes.
sprayers are 4 feet high and ten
apart. In dry weather the crop
watered every 20 minutes and
fresh and green. From the first s4
of celery 222,000 heads were marl
at 50 and 25 cents a dozen. A ce
vault has been constructed, in ;
refuse vegetables, tops,. etc., wi
soaked with water and made 1i
liquid fertilier. The Titus Bro
have 67.000 square feet under
for cucumber growing, etc., the
running on racks. One house i
voted to the English Telegraph,
largest raised; ohe measured 35 11
in length. One of them has r
2,000 bushels of cucumbers om
acres, with two more crops to 4
Two crops of lettuce have been
ed. averaging 70.000 heads, each I
ing 20 to 60 cents a dozen.-Coi

Miss Lulu Aguire of Musk
formerly of this city. a few night
dreamed she had fallen heir to a
sum of money. She has since ree
word from relatives In California
an uncle has died, leaving her an
sister $150,000. to be divided eq
between them. The uncle was
Martl. of San Jose, Cal. Miss An
Is an orphan, and for the last
years has picked berries here for

g up RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
late- week, S cents; three weeks 0 cents.
tcla, WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fl.
ftor- for pineapple plants. 41xl
h to M'NIAL PEAS-Belected seed corn.
Saeune two cents. W. H. MANN,
Mannville. Fla. 462.
ke a SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
te money refuntled. W. H. MANN, Mann-
Sthe le. a x-M
n re- OR SALE-Tnoroughbred Barred and
White Plymouth Rocks; also eggs for set-
cent ting in season Write me lor sa al price S.
now A. LU MBRCHANT. Lake Worth, Fla. 5lx1
the on sweet, sour and graoefrult stock,
sent for sale t low prices. A. C. HAYNES,
tr to DeLand. Fla. 4Ttf
with FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
the most budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine
SBox in. Orlando, Fla. Ut
'ards may bid on them standing in 10-acre
an field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
teed- PINEAPPLE PLANTS-for sale-Smooth
Mrsh- Cayenne. Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
eap, MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. ltf
leap, .
pat- SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants fl
bet sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
id in Florida. 40x1
piner JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
rove- for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ward ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale
nt F s. lt
anger Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
the planting 5 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
Won. dress C. W. FOX, Prop. lid
fields FOR SALE--4S Cash. Eight stres of high
ring pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
. cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
ered. Address, P. M. c ar Agriculturist, De-
re in Land. Fla.
e re-
stab- BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa. Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
eeds in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
from his work. All standard varieties of buds one
taste to three feet on six year old sour roots will
mak- sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
will -on sour or trifoliate stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
1 fr Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES. G. L Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
at is Mary, Fla. Sitf
Prop. Tampa Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
tons and Grape ruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
will apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
issue vigorous. No white ly. Correspondence so-
d for limited. 4t

FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality. Low prices Address THE
sonville, Fla. 41tf
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, ersimmons. Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logu free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
Manufacturing Co., Lake Mary Fila.,
win be glad to correspond with all per-
sons wlsh!rg to sell CASSAVA this fal,
e1her for cash or in exchann :for CAR-
SAVA FEED. Early ataigements will
be of value to growers end WE PAY
President. 40xs.
FOR SAIEG- have 80 reams 11,154
reans 9. 30 reafms 10x10 manila or-
anre wrap wMhio I wfll sell at a bar-
gain. Also 4,000 onme box heads and
4.000 Im box heads at a price cheaper
thaun Fhe lumber in the boards. If In-
terested write me. W C. PAINTER,
DeLand, Fle.
BROOM CORN SBBD--Rroom corn for past
two veers has pald farmers Sloo and more
per acre: as sly raised an other cs we
have everl hundred bushel fiesat and
best variety of seeds that we win ,ell at
market pr-ear and furnish free pamphlet
telling' about growing and marketing
thebrsh Parties wanting aet must ra-
iare it at once on account of senrrite
Price wllt be much hbiher later on MIAMI
PROOM CO., Dayton. Ohio.
NOW IS THE TIME to plant pecn nuts.
Frotcher's Egg Shell is the best Select
nts go forty to the pound. Also seedling
and grafted trees. American olive, a beau-
tiful evergreen tree. for parks, lawns and
hedges. Lucie grass plants, for the finest
lawns and for pastures. Japanese cnetnuts,
very lar'e, single specimens weigh one
ounce. Perfectly adapted to or s;l ad
climate. Best peaches for home and shp-
ping. W H. HASKELL, beLan., Flor-
ida V sx









PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
V ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BRi i. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. StaeOls, Market QuOta
tios, aad Ganeral lastructions for shipping FloidMa products spplied om the Jackso vMi ofbci.


Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5'
gal. copper tank.........$12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
( Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
S Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc ................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................. 20,70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00.
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Oop-
per (Bluestone), ulphur. etc.
Pine and Bang1 Ora0g.. Brss,
ShavdT BirekK s Frsh r
U zed Npo, Manla and Cotlered
Orange Vzam Con"s allsated oag
Nas Pineapple, Bean,_dsataleape%

I lig PlowasadClltivators, Tns.

Jacksonville, Fla.
Room 18 Bobinson:Blag.

We have a full supply pf
all the best varieties of Or-
ralli ranges. Pomelos, Knmquats,
Setc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and onamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicted.

G. L. TABER, Proprietor,

Glen St. Mary,

- Florida.

t. ams at $ to so Peri m .....



Camphor, Vasila, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roes, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
*urn.AN*'ed P.56.J. BERCKMANS _CO,__ o_

The Best Results.
E. O. Paister & Co., Jacksoallve, FIe.
Gentlemen:-We have been well
pleased with all fertilizers purchased
from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
J. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.

GOave Entire Satlsfaotton.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksoarille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-The fertilizer that I re-
ceived from your house gave entire
satisfaction. Yours respectfully,
F. G. Llea
San Antonio. Fla., Sept. 25, 1900.
Can't you win one of our premiums?




HOVDUEOLD DEPANRTmI T. plicable to this time of the year. Wo-
All communications or enquiries for this de- men owe so much to Christianity that
apartment should be addressed to His birthday should be to them, es-
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, specially, a time of rejoicing:
Household Dept. Jacksonville. Every impartial student of history
__is obliged to admit that woman is In-
debted to the religion of Christ for the
Caramels. elevated station which she enjoys in
There are few of us who do not sue- social and family life. In pagan conn-
cumb to the charm of candy-making, tries, before the Christian era the wo-
especially during the holidays when man had no rights which the husband
we fee that our time i our own to was bound to respect.
we feel tht or time is or own to She was in a state of perpetual bond-
spend as we wish. A nice chocolate age and tutelage. She was treated
caramel is made by using two cunfuls rather as the slave of man than as his
of syrup and one of sugar and a small equal and companion. And even to-
p of bt. P t t i day in countries where Christianity
lump of butter. Put these together n does not exercise a dominant influence,
a vessel over the fire. Stir three table- she is "the hewer of wood and the
spoonfuls of chocolate and one of corn drawer of water." In a recent official
starch Into a half cupful of sweet milk, report of our Government, on "Irtiga-
mixing it gradually so as to make tion in India," by Robert M. Wilson,
we find that the work of draining and
smooth paste. Pour this slowly into canal building in that country is chief-
the syrup and sugar, stirring all the ly relegated to women who receive for
while. Stir it while boiling and cook their labor four cents a day.
until it will harden when dropped on I regard woman's rights, women and
ul society leaders in the higher walks of
a cool surface. Then pour on a but- life as the worst enemies of the female
tered dish and set it out to cool. When sex. They rob woman of all that is
nearly cold, mark it off into squares, amiable and gentle, tender and attrac-
This is warranted not to keep. tive: they rob her of her innate grace
of character, and give her nothing in
Another candy that will be a general return but masculine boldness and
favorite is made by melting one pound brazen effrontery. They are habitually
of sugar with one gill of water and preaching about woman's rights and
one tablespoonful of syrup and enough prerogatives, and have not a word to
say about her duties and responsibill-
creamtartar to cover a dime. Boil it ties.
until-it hardens when dropped in cold They withdraw her from those sa'-
water. Have ready a small quantity cred obligations which properly belong
of chopped nuts of any kind you prefer to her sex and fill her with ambition
and jt before your syrup is ready, to usurp positions for which neither
and just b y s i God nor nature ever intended her. Un-
stir into them a little lemon juice. der the influence of such teachers we
Place these on a buttered dish and pour find woman, especially in higher cir-
the syrup over them. Mark off into cles. neglecting her household duties,
squarespand when quite hard, break gadding about. never at peace unless
she is in perpetual motion, never at
into pieces. case unless she is in a state of morbid
These home-made candies are more excitement. She never feels at home
wholesome and are generally better except when she is abroad.
liked than .the manufactured article, When she is at home the home is irk-
Ssoue to her. She chafes and frets un-
besides giving much pleasure in the der the restraint and responsibility of
making, domestic life. Her heart is abroad.
It is exulting in imagination, in some
Some Acceptable Gits. .social triumph or revelling in some
Some of the cushions that are now scene of gayety and dissipation. Her
afflicted husband comes home to find it
offered, would make very acceptable empty or occupied by a woman whose
gifts for Christmas. For the children's heart is void of affection for him.
room. one made up of a printed design, She is.Ill at ease: thence arise dis-
possibly outlined by one of the girls, putes. quarrels, recriminations, es-
trangeinlenta. and the last act in the
would give much pleasure. There are drama is often divorce. I speak the
many different designs shown, but sober truth when I affirm that for the
thbse that are apt to be the most at- wrecks of families in our country wo-
tractive, have figures of cats, dogs. nan has a larger share of the respon-
sibility. The remedy for this is found
horses, etc., to be outlined in colored in the teachings of Christ.
wash silks. Mothers and wives, what an immense
A very pretty frame for photographs debt of gratitude you owe to the Chris-
Is made of a square of linen on which tian religion of today! You are re-
gardel as the eqluals and helpmates
some floral design is embroidered. of your hus inds.e ald not ma their
Make an opening for your photograph, slaves, like Asiatic women.
and mount on a piece of card board. If you are the mistress of your house.
Set this in a frame. under glass. It hold :and not tenants at the will of
your husbands, like the wives of pagan
makes a beautiful ornament for the Greece and Rome: if you are the hon-
mantel if care has been used in its ored queens f the domestic kingdoms
construction. and not confronted by usurping wives,
A very acceptable gift for the moth- like Mormons and Mohametan women,
you are indebted for these blessings
er. is one of the soft, fluffy, bobinette to he religion of Christ. and especially
fichus. so much worn at present. Make to the sovereign pontiff, who have up-
it rather long and finish it with lace held your right against the encroach-
edged ruffles. ments of monarchs and the passions
of men.
The Public Woman. If woman has been elevated and en-.
nobled by the Gospel. she has not been
The following selection from the pen ungrateful. She deserves eternal grat-
ft Cardinal Gibbons is especially ap-. itude for the blessed influence she has


Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
5aoyt -~-m co. iW VOa.

lar serves as the pattern. Cut by it
two pieces of stiff paste-board, then
cut two circular pieces of same mater-
ial for covering nearly an inch wider
than the paste-board circles. The cov-
ering may be made from scraps of
bright colored silk, velvet or ribbon.
Gather each piece around the edge
and slip tie circles of paste-board into
eiclh, draw the thread tight and fasten.
seeing that it tits smoothly on the op-
posite side. Fit the pieces together
and whip or feather-stitch the edges
with embroidery kilk. Paste, paint or
work a picture on each side. Then
stick pins ln the edges very closely to-
gether so that eight points are formed.
Thlis is done by sticking some pins
deeper than others. To make the points
even. halve and quarter the circular
niece by sticking in eight pins first at
equal distanues from each other. Fas-
ten baby ribbon at the siles midway,
:o hang it by and tie with many loops
:in(l ends. Or instead use pretty cords
iaid tassels. A number of these on a
C'hristmas tree. present a brighter and

xerted in the family and in society.
Not to speak of the grand army of con-
ecratid virgins who devote their lives
o ,the sacred cause of education, of
*harity and religion, how many thous-
inds of homes there are from which
God withholds His avenging hand on
account of some righteous mother, just
as Christ showed mercy to the young
man led to the tomb on account of the
grief and sobbings of his mother, the
Widow of Nain!
How many brothers buried in a life
of sin have been raised to a life of
grace by the intercession of a pious
sister, as Lazarus was raised from the
grave at the entreaties of Mary and
Mothers and daughters, you have a
sacred mission. You can not be apos-
tles in the strict sense of the world;
you can not preach the word of God,
for women are commanded by the
Apostle to be silent in the church; you
can not be priests, but you are chosen
to offer up in the sanctuary of your
homes and in the altar of your hearts
the sacrifice of praise, thanksgiving
and supplication to God. Christian wo-
men. let the husband and son on re-
tit-ning home after buffeting with the
waves of the world find there a haven
of rest.
Let the angel with the flaming sword
protect and preside over your homes,
repelling from them all unhallowed
thoughts. For what is a home from
which chastity has fled but a deserted
temple, from which the spirit of God
has departed.
A Eome-Xade Gift.
Editor Household Department:
As the Christmas season is drawing
near, many will begin to busy them-
selves with their little home-made
presents that are so much appreciated,
coming as they do from those near and
A simple, yet pretty and inexpensive
gift is made as follows: A silver dol-

Christmas Recipe.
When the busy house-keeper is get-
ting ready for the Christmas dinner,
she usually enjoys preparing new dish-
es and trying new cake recipes. In or-
der to increase her store of good
things and help her in her interesting
task. we give a few selections from our
exchanges, that she will find of ser-
Prune Dessert.-Take one quart-of
prunes. stir until soft and mash
through colander; half a box of gela-
tine: put in a bowl, cover with cold
water. let it soak for about five min-
utes: take a pint and a half of the
mashed prunes, add to the gelatine,
with three tablespoonfuls of sugar; put
on the stove, and let boil for five min-
utes; pour into Jelly moulds afia terve
with cream.
Curried Oysters.-Allow a pint of
solid oysters for four persons; heat in
their own liquor and drain; have ready ,
half a teaspoonful of onion, fried for
ten minutes in an ounce of butter;
stir in this half a teaspoonful of good
curry powder and a level tablespoon-
ful of flour. stirring until the mixture
is smooth and frothy; now add grad-
ually a gill of the oyster liquor, a gill
of cream and the drained oysters.
Plain Christmas Cake.-Well grease
a really large cakepan. Melt half a
pound of dripping in a sauce-pan, add
to it half a pound of sugar and one
pound molasses. Stir over the fire till
tile sugar is dissolved.
Put four large coffee cupfuls of flour.
one teaspoonful carbonate of soda, half
a pound of currants, and a half pound
of stoned raisins into a basin.
Pour the molasses and currants into
the flour, add one large breakfast cup-
ful sour milk and two well-beaten eggs.
Mix all thoroughly. Pour into the tin,
and bake about one and a half hours,
or longer if necessary. two Ibs. suet very
fine. Stone and chop two and a half
pounds raisins, clean one and a half
pounds currants, peel and finely chop
two pounds of apples and a quarter of
a pound of lemon peel.
Put all these ingredients into a basin.
add four cloves, quarter of an ounce
of m:ce or mixed spice. the rind and
juice of three lemons, and one and a
l:alf ounces chopped almonds.
Mix well together, pour over quar-
ter of a pint brandy and quarter of a
pint port wine or home-made wine, and
tie closely down in jars till required.
Liberty Cake.-This is the finest two-
egg cake made. Beat the yolks of two
eggs and one cup white sugar. beat the
whites stiff and add them, then beat
again. Add one-half cup sweet milk
and three tablespoons melted butter,
and one teaspoon lemon extract. Stir
well together. Add one cup flour be-
fore it is sifted, sift into this one round-
ed teaspoonful baking powder, beat
well and bake in a shallo* pan. This
will be thin, like sponge cike.

prettier appearance than one would
suppose. M. A. 1.
Seffner. Florida.


All communications or oquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

Turkey Queen of TeEaxL
For the last few weeks and until af-
ter the holidays, the turkey Is the most
important of all fowls for the markets.
Millions of them have been slaughtered
and consumed and turkey raisers have
re!ped their harvest. It la as univer-
sal as the chicken and can be raised
at a profit. The Buffalo News 'prints
the following as coming from Miss An-
ita Martin, known as the "Turkey
Qpeen of Texas."
"I made $2f00 last year raising tur-
keys. Because I live in Texas, how-
ever, you must not call my place a
turkeyy ranch. It is simply a well-con-
ducted farm and other things are rais-
ed besides turkeys. Indeed. until five
years ago we didn't raise our own tur-
keys even for Thanksgiving and Christ-
"I began with five hens and a gob-
bler. You know, I suppose, that a tur-
key hen almost invariably lays thir-
teen eggs before she begins' to set, and
also that she lays two litters of eggs
a year. Well, that first year of the
125 eggs set In the spring all hatched
ey(xce-ting five. and I raised 117 birds.
"In the autumn, when the hens laid
again. I followed my original plan of
buying extra eggs, but was neither so
successful in the hatching nor the rais-
ing. bringing up only seventy-nine. Yet
seventy-ninQ and 117 makes 196, so
when I tell you that I sold those tur-
keys at an average price of sixty-seven
cents you will see that I had a snug
sum for my trouble. As that was my
first year the food had cost me person-
ally nothing. My father told me at
the beginning to go ahead and raise
all-the turkeys I wished to,
"However, when the second year be-
gan, although I started out with the
same six birds, I determined to put
myself -on a business basis with the
rest of my family, so I used a large
part of my earnings of the year before
in buying food as well as building fowl
houses and yards. Then I followed
the plan of the previous season in ev-
ery particular, excepting that I added
five Brahmas. These I set on turkey
eggs about the same time that I did
my turkeys, and when they hatched
out I gave all the little ones to the
chicken hens to mother, and turned the
turkey hens into the pasture to lay
another litter of eggs. This they will
generally do In the spring when not al-
lowed to raise the first brood. That
spring I raised Just 200 turkeys and in
the autumn 234. This time I did not
sell all. Instead I increased my flock
to fifty.
"From the flock of fifty I sold 1.400.
after increasing my flock to 100, and
furnishing the table with as many tur-
keys as the family cared to eat.
"Of course, my methods have chang-
ed very much since the flock has in-
creased from five to 100 stock birds. I
no longer use hens to hatch the egg~
but incubators. I buy food by the
quantity and plant acres and acres
of small grain to give them green food.
I plant whole fields of shallots and
peppers as well as corn, and employ
two women and several boys to attend
them. yet. in spite of all these ex-
penses, last year I cleared more than
"The greatest trouble about raising
turkeys is with dews and rains when
they are young. Young turkeys should
be housed at night In a house or cover-
ed yard and not allowed to run into
wet grass. As food for the birds I use
bread of unsifted, unsalted corn meal,
into which a good quantity of red pep-
per is mixed. As green food for them
until they are old enough to look out
for themselves I feed them the tender
tops of shallots chopped fine. After
they pas their fourth month, I treat
them pretty much as sheep, feeding
them twice a day. morning and night.
"My birds meet With ready sale and
always fetch good prices. I take or-
ders for birds fattened on fancy foods,
such as nutsa etc., which are supposed

to flavor the flesh, and, of course,
these turkeys bring high prices. I
see no reason why other women should CA N IZ
not succeed in the work, and would
be only too glad to give all the assist-
ancle in my power to them." Paulhtm tan douhk their pmots b
,* e C inCponat red their ei The operations
C Ist very sgmple-the instructions are irs
Is There aoney in Gwsep full and aexpwit Pthat any man, woman o
child, after a careful reading, will be
WVe see and read a great many arti- able to perform the operation. t is high-
cles of the money in chickens, turkeys, The deman frosm every p ceted ithe
ducks and Belgian hares, but it is supply, the price per pound in twie
as much as for ordinary chicks. The ob-
seldom you hear from the friends of ject of Capronizing is to largely increase
eldom yonu he r fromat t hme OB friend Woll fo yar, e othe weiabh oe nee fowl. cM ssr s therg .
the goose. I have not had much ex- te weiagt of the fowl, catasu the isr
perience only with one variety, the and weighing from ten to flteen ponds
Toulouse, and I find there is as much and to make the meat a finer flavor, and very juicy and tender. Aain, Caprons are worth ti
to $-So more than cocks not Capronized. They a*s much quieter m disposition. A cock in
money in them as there is in any other chasio around the yard, will run o flesh almost as fastass put on. In the more quiet Cap-
variety of poultry. They can be grown ros e same amount of food goes to make flesh, bone and profit. With the opr inst-
ments Capronizing is a simple lesson, wholly mastered by a few moments' stud..ily real-
ith less grain than any other bird, i the necessity of hvin proper instruments we have arran ed with the ble nastra-
you let them have access to pasture meant manufacters, Messrs. George PY. Killing and Son, Phdelphia, to supply us with
after they are three weeks old. Yo these instruments. This firm is, we thin, the oldest in the Unit States located in the
very heart of the original Capronizing district, and having been making Capronuizin itnb
will find from that time on they will mets for 40 years they thoroughly understand the proper ones ess
require but very little grain. You do Pilling & Son have just published a very interesting book. entitled "Complete Guide for Cap-
onizing," which we are distributing free to those interested in poultry. Complete with inste-
not need a running stream of water for tions 1.5, which will include a year's subscriplined case as per engraving 75. We send the
them. give them plenty of good, pure book completee Guide to Caproniing," withevery set. Address.
water to drink and keep-them away ~. AI CO., J
of water and you will have no trouble
in raising them. The PrW sery Porltrflterm,
You can get enough feathers the ThePrctial st hftt arM
first season to pay all expenses and AND SIMPLE Aser TalTL, Mo.
have your geese left either for market BARBED WIRE 4 months on trial 1e. One yr. se.
or for feathers and eggs the next sea- FENIE S11.E. It tells how to make poautry ra g
son. The Toulouse goose will when one PRICE S 2.e. proltable. It in up to date. s pna
year old lay from 20 to 30 eggsS ed Aand to day. We sell boat lqud h bi-
at two dears from 25 to 40 eggs, h V. SCHMELZ, r for cts per gallon. Alminumg I
t t ands for poultry, 1 do, o ta ; for
they come to full maturity which is at- SylvanLake, Fa ets:e o for s eta: 1I for a
fer they are three years old. It is noth- "Certficate Am. Inst. Pair."
ing uncommon for them to lay as flENS'ITEETH I .
many as 50 eggs. They will commence M ket (ardenerT.pTi S e oS.
to lay if fed well through the winter, To properly digest its food the fowl
about the second week in February. Make money by getting their pro- must have grit What teeth are to the
You can regulate your laying in feed- duce into market early. This is best human being grit is to.the fowL We
lng. accomplished by taking advantage can now furnish ground oyster shells,
When you want good Gieeding stock of the stimulating effect of from freshly opened oysters, fom
do not buy birds that have been used NITRAT OP SODA. which all the dust and dirt ha be
as show birds, for you will get some- It forces the most rapid growth and screened, to supply this grit which
thing that you will be disappointed in, imparts quality, crispness, tender- lacking in nearly all parts of Flori
they look very nice but they will Mly ness, etc. All about it in our free Goods very inferior to ours and tfll
but few eggs and very infertile and book, "Food for Plants." Ask for a of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
you will have weak goslings. Get good copy. Address, John A. Myers, 12- $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
breeding stock that has been grown as John St., New York. Nitrate fot offer it at
nature has intended them to be grown sale by 100 Ib bag, c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
and you will get plenty of good fertile E. 0O. PAINTER & CO., I. O. PAINTER & Co., Jaeckonville,
eggs. You can have goslings that will Fla.
weigh from 12 to 18 pounds at eight Jackaouvlle, .la. Manufacturers of High Grade Per.
or nine months old. but do not crowd tllarsm and dealers in all kads of Per-
them unless you want them for show tilling Materials.
birds, or market. If yo want them F K Qu
for bre*eers those that weigh from 9 r Fa m er siyU oa and Kam atNu
to 12 pounds will do very well. They PrrpareNursery Stock
will not get their growth or maturity aIs alor making Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
as soon. but will give you better re- ns-,tth,'-"O table. Also a general line of Fruit
suits. They will not fy as our old- wemlad. Im s -'A Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
fashioned geese. a fence that will hold M low. Freight paid.
sheep will keep your geese, and you OUd fI ud them. Let se SUMMIT NURSERIES,
will always know where to find them. med yoe a rec D. L. Pierso, Prop.,
Young geese, green geese they are Of 1tlt results -
called. in the Eastern market command oalso gMve Prim11 ".
broiler prices and adults within one or F iliz a TOBACCO D ST.
two cents cents per pound as much Ntrate ods and I Dj UST
as turkeys, and you have your feathers e al eris If yr hertlsowl are trb wi
whic-h are worth 50 cents each after I tr Material If your fowls are troubled with e
or Jiggers. send $1.25 and get 150
they are dressed. Christmas is the W. S. POWELL & CO., pounds of tobbaeco dst and rtinklo
best market for geese and should be .sst.* af DeMltre. Mdi. in your coopa. The tobact o Ia uatr-
on the market by the 20th of Deem- anteed to be uleasched. tIond 2 cant
ber.-Wm. C. Griffin, in Poultry Advo- wanted to be unleached. FDd 2 cent
her ALL AC.y tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
a SEEDSI KINDS eeds I Jacksonville. Fla.
Used Three hundred Tons a ar. Vegetable, rde ad Flower. FO SALE
E. O. Painter d Co., Jacksonvie, Fla. o, K %SALe
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti Sd or Calog AT A
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of C AS. RAYMONDiI LsCr. r
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right Orapefruit, Tangerine, ON EASY TERMS.
along on orange trees and there are no Several fine bearing orange and
better trees in the country than I have Stsuma, Tardiffandeveral ne bearing orange and
to show. I also used your goods on grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so -Eterprise Sedless. fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
well pleased with results that I shall The best commercial citrus fruits. fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next Three kinds on each stock. Well cared vestment this year.
spring. That shows you what I think for past five years. Will soon frui Lyle & Co ,B ,
of your goods. Yours truly, if protected. 50 or more of such trees .. t '.
DeLand. Fla.. Sept. 2, 1Zig0. for sale. Atghome place on South| l
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla. 1 l i 4 1t
Phlett-"When a man is in love ev- W. H. HASKELL. 11 ajl
erything about looks different to him." The W ay It's M ade
Brert-"Yes; it's the same when he Tammterthe wr ayeeo r .s pMade.
knocks his head against a lamp-post. g at O wMre f M r.M r
jPA U worTBs wIBrn o as ,ARA, 3n
4 166n o DEs.,asB .
Mash" b high ww eai*s A ma i
eaLigLa ap aggag 1=an.
ajn .ea 3"M m s.. raaIess=aia I
Ca'tyo w0i on o our J MARD3I1
Can't you win one of our premiums? 0 oL Cbe li
SEE AZAL~n10 .6


APRAIRIE CHRISTMAS. after the tree is or ith. IU '
SPRAIRIE HRIST AS~.J !oing to send word to the storekeeper over |T|
IpJadievile taen a lot o' Chrtm in. D
S" -- hr 'll be a big demand for them for Rthe U U
It was my brother Jef who thought up the tree. I kin tell you that the idee of the tree
rst Chritmas te in Windo county. took like wildr with sl te children e'ry THE LARGEST WATEI
grandmother Randall told the truth when she place we went. It'll be the first tree most of
said that Jeff was a master hand at "thinking em ever saw."
u se, l thiLs with lots of fun i "Peraps they will enjoy it all the more for IN THE Wi
tem was well enouh that Jeff had this that reason." said my mother.
fetilit of invention for Windom county need- 'So they will, so they will. We want to get
ed all the fun that Jeff could think up." It a terrible bi tree, and e must have yards
as an almost treeless county in the st, and yards strong popcorn to drape on it.
and only those who have lived there can have Then if we take strips of old white cotton cloth
any adequate conception of how dreary and bout an inch wide and ravel it on both sides
desolate the west prairies are in the winter until there is only a thread or two left in the
time middle you can ik it up on the blanthes so
And one must have lived there to understand that it will look ever so much like snow. Then
how cold it gets, and how the wind goes roar- I have some pink and blue tissue paper that'll
mg and sweeping across the snow covered come in handy. I have counted up and I
plains with an edge like a blade. Jeff and I think that there will be fifty-six children under
knew, for we were born there, and we never eighteen years old at the tree so I am going to
knew anything about a milder climate until fix up at least that many bags of candy and a
we were men. We went three miles across the number of gingerbread animals with icing on.
windswept plains to school during the four Then Jeff and 1 have appointed ourselves a
winter month, walking both ways and not committee of two to 'tend to hanging the things
minding it very much because we were pretty on the tree. We give out word that everything
rugged boys, accustomed to rigorous winters, must be left at the barn the day before hrist-
e had so few diversions that we rejoiced at mas. I have a job for you, Henry."
the opportunity of walking six miles to a spell- "Oh, I daresay," said father. "What is it?"
Sscol or a singing school when we were "I want you to go away over to the Widow
os of thirteen or fourteen. Miller's homestead and get her and her three
eff's ideas were never of slow growth. He little ones and fetch them to thet tree."
said that they "just popped into his head all "Why, Aunt Randy." said father. "didn't you
of a sudden. The idea ot the Christmas tree say that you thought that old Squire Holt
"popped into his head" one evening when we would come even f he did say that the tree
were walking home from school. The teacher, was all inoisense?"
a pretty young girl from the east had been "Yes. I did. What of that?"
telling us about a Christmas tree she had had "Why, you know that Widow Miller is
in the schoolhouse in the district in which she Squire Holt's daughter, and that he has never
had taught the year before. spoken to her since she married against her
I do not wonder that she had not "roiosed fz.her's wishes." "
to have a tree in our schoolhouse, for it was 'More shame to the Squire, considering that
the dreariest little sod affair in which thirty the worst that could be said about poor llugh
persons would have been uncomfortably crowd- Miller was that he was poor and not very rap-
ed. When we were about halt way home Jeff able. But what's that got to do with the 'id-
a d low Miller coming to the tree even i her th-
"Say" Fred." sr is here?"
".ell?" I said..I "Why. if they don't speak to eac otelr it
"I have an idea." will be rather awkward for them."
"Better hang on to if or you might lose it," "You leave that to me. I've allus said and I
I said with poor wit. say now that if the Squire could once see them
"Smarty," retorted Jeff. but with good hu- three sweet little grandchildren of his he '. uld
mor. "What do you say to a tree like the one give up his sinful spite and warm to them as
Miss Drewe told us about?" he ought to do. I'm going to give him a chance
"Where would you have it?" to see them. He won't s'pishion that his.daugh-
"In our new barn." ter will be here because she really lives out
I saw Jeff looking at me out of the corner o' this district, but you go and get her, Henry,
of his eyes, and after the manner of boys, and if the Squire don't take her and her babies Two largest Triumph Watermelons g
pretended to think little of his proposition, home with him. as I lot on him 'doing. I'll
although 1 was really so impressed with it take her home with me and carry her to her were grown by W. C. Vann, of Abbe vi
that I came near expressing my real feeling poor little home next day. You can trust me each. Prizes for same, $70.00. Largest
Overcomin this unboylike feeling I said: to see to it that the old Squire gets an inter- IW,0, weighed 78 pounds, prize for gami
"Pooh. The idea of a Christmas tree in a douse to his grandchildren. It's my private
barn." opinion expressed that he wants to make up in South Carolina in 1900, weighed 1011/2
"It is just as good a place as a schoolhouse. with his daughter, but that his mizable pr;,.e Largest Triumph grown in Georgia in 1I
You know that father said this morning at the won't let him. Christmas day will be a cood
breakfast table that he had a notion to have time for him to scatter that pride to the icur same, $20.00. Largest Triumph grown ii
some kind of a merrymaking in our *new barn winds, and I'm going to helo him do it through for same. $20.00. Largest Triumph grow
before he put in the stalls and partitions. I the happy meejum of our Christmas Tree." pounds, prize for same, 02.00. Large
believe that he will fall right in with the idea She laughed merrily over her "schemes." as pounds, pr or same, $20.00. Lrge
of a tree in the barn. So will Aunt Randy. I she called them, and then said: 1900, weighed 76 pounds, prize for sa m
am going to stop at her house and see what "Come. Jeff: yet's go right out the rn Texas, weight 105 pounds, prize f or
she says about it." and decide where we ,a.nt t'"e tree to 'a;rd.
Aunt Randy Dill was somewhat of an ec- The rest of vyu can c",me :f v.nt wsin to. !-ut Liberal prize offered for largest Tri
centric elderly woman who lived on a home- you won't have anything to say about it. eff prizes- for largest Triumph grown in eacl
stead between our house and the schoolhouse. and I are running this :rte. ain't ge. J ff" .
e went within a few rods of her door on our Preparations for the tree ent errily or te genuine selected seed dir e
way to school. She was our great aunt and as ward. Aunt Randy's enthusiasm .'i n-t a-ie, er entitled to compete for prizes.
knd-hearted as she was peculiar she wa and her merry spirit seemed iniectou. New sell l varieties of watermelon seed,
sure to come to a door or window and call ideas regarding the tree kept "soo.,ing" into
out something cheery and kindly to us every leffs head. and he and Aunt Ranlv were in ford. Blue Gem, Seminole, Georgia Rattlee
time we passed her house. On her baking daily and sometimes secret conference, over Dixie, Glansier, New Favorite, Jones, Bl
days she was likely to come out with some their plans. o
hot doughnuts or a couple of turnovers to The weather had been unusually mild thus far Cole's Early, Mountain Sweet, and others
put in our dinner pail. that winter, but the week before Ctristmas a ford Canteloupe seed.
"Of course. I know your mother has put up sudden change came and it r intently cold I make a specialty of Beggarweed Se
dinner enough for you.," she would say, "but and a heavy snowstorm set in. We liV"-J on
then all boys are holler clean into the ground, what was called the "Big Road" and nany both the rough and cleaned or hulled see
and they can always stow away a turnover or emigrant wagons went by our door moving Write for Catalogue.
a fried-cake on top of a two-gallon pail of slowly out across the great plains. It wa_ nUt
dinner. Beats all how the avridge boy kin eat." often that an emigrant wagon came along m -I rrA
When Jeff told Aunt Randy about his idea the winter time, but five days before Cris- W. M. GIRARDEAU -
she clapped her fat hands together and said mas my mother, who was sitting by a front
with genuine enthusiasm: window sewing, called out in a tone of sur-
"The very thing. And what more appropri- rise:
ate place could there be than a barn when you "Why. if there isn't a mover's wagon going 6 XXX ROGERS SILV
recollect that the Christ child was born in a by this bitter day. And what a sorry look AAA
stable?'I think that it will be just splendid. in outfit it is. Do come and see it." S
You can count on your old Aunt Randy to We hurried to the window and saw a Tick- aiven as a Premium fc l
take right holt and help to carry the thing ety old wagon drawn by a pair of bony Given is a Pemium for
right through. If her and Jeff can't make a and feeble horses moving lowly by the
go of that tree no one in Windom county can: house. The canvas cover sank limply be
You sail right in, Jeff, and I'll 'aid and abet tween the wagon bows, and we could see that
you in it. Of course your pa will let you have it was ragged in places. A detected looking
his barn. I know Hiram. urner well enough fellow dog trotted along under the wagon. A
to know that he will fall right in with the plan. foot or more of rusty stove pine protruded
It'll be just great. It's a burning shame that through the wagon cover. Smoke was com-
we have all been so busy building up the ing from the pipe and we could imagine the
county since we moved out here that we ain't occupants of the wagon huddled around the
paid hardly any attention to Christmas. I was little sheet iron stove in a vain attempt to
thinking about that very thing the other day. keep warm. On the driver's seat sat a girl or
We've too much work and not half enough a woman, we could not tell which. because of
play here, and I wouldn't be a mite s'prised the wav in which she was bundled up to pro- Send us $2 and a new subscri
if this Christmas tree was the beginning of a tect herself from the hitter wind.
good deal mor soiability and merrymaking When father came to the window he said: We ill Send the above premil
amoe us. We'll have a supper along with .. must go out and speak to them. They
the tre My land I oul under if the must not tr to camp out any place tonight poons re first-class XXX pla
thing growed into a regular barbecue yet." for it looks as if there would be a real bli- spoons are first-class XXX plate
It was characteristic of Jeff that he carried ard before morning. They must he very ig-
out his ideas while they were still "hot. as norant regarding this climate or they wouldIDA A
he said. and as soon as we reached home he not he traveling in such a wagon as that in FLORIDA AG
aid to father: this kind of weather. I'll go and hail them."
"Oh, father, Aunt Randy and 1 have planned "Don't let them go on if there are any chil-
to have a big Christmas tree in your new dren with them." said my tender hearted and
barn." ever generous mother. "Bring them in here.
"Oh. you have. have you? It seems to me I cannot bear to think of little children out
that you and Aunt Randy are taking a good on the prairie such a night as this is sure to F(
deal of liberty with my barn," said father be."
laughingly. A few minutes later we saw father open
"Well, Aunt Randy said she knew it would our barnyard gate and the driver of the wagon
be all right with you and I guess so, too." drove into the vard. When the driver had TH
Father "dropped into line." as Jeff said, and iimped down from her seat we saw that 11
reparations for the tree went merrily forward. she was a girl ofa bout fourteen years of age.
eff and Aunt Randy went all over the neigh- Then we saw father help a bov of about nine
borhood the following Saturday 'stirring up years and a little rirl of pe"aps five years
the neighbors." They set out earl in the from the wagon. He came toward the house THE LARGEST SEED AND NURS
morning in Aunt Randy's pung and did not with the little girl in his arms while the older Com e sc og fr
reach home until after, dark. girl led her brother by the hand. We were all Complete stick of all leading sorts for southern
"I don't think that anyone within a radius at the door to meet them. ana ets, Matchless Tomato, Valentia
of fifteen miles escaped us." said Aunt Randy "Here are some little wayfarers for you tc ONLY A AI
on their return. "And all but one or two fell look after mothe," id f r. "Boys. you ONLY HI2 ,GRADE CAREFUL
right in with the idee. Old Jonathan Riggs run out and put up the horses and give them a
wanted to know how much it would cost to' ood feed. Better get these little folks some Complete st" k t fruit trees and
'gil in', andif he'd be expected to fetch any thing to eat riglt away. mother. Hun-ry, little- on ran
more supper than he and his wife could eat. one?" ants fa
and when I told him no hesai he record Te little girl nodded her head but did not plants, fa y ei. Orange
they'd come. Old Squire Holt said that it was speak. She had bie dark eves and a thin white ag d secialty....
'all nonsense.' but that is what he says about face. All of the children looked as if they had t
every idee. that don't 'riginate in his noddle, suffered from cold and hunger,. None of *hem a .. ..
and I guess he'll be here. I've got about a were warmly dressed, and the hands of th
barrel of doughnuts and fifty pies and ten tur- little girl who had been driving were blue wilth -,.- *'sa ~,. som e
keys and eighteen cakes and all kinds of sases cold. This was her story as she told it to us I -. '* OlI
and preserves and pickylilly and jell promised after she was well warmed and had a cup of tec l



rown In 1000 from my selected sed,
le, Ala., weighing 150% pounds
Triumph grown In North Carolina in
e, $20.00. Largest Triumph grown
pounds, pize for same, $20.00.
900, weighed 127% pounds, prize for
n Fla., in 1900, weighed 92 Ibs., priu
'n in Mississippi in 1900, weighed
st Triumph grown in Louisiana in
e, $20.00. Largest Triumph grown In
same, $20.00.
im'h in the South in 1901.. Liberal
h Southern State in 1901.
t from the originator. Each purchas-

Florida Favorite, Duke Jones, Brad-
snake, Gray Monarch, Dark Icing,
ack Diamond, Gray National, Boas,
. All Southern Beauty and Rocky-
ed and can make you low prices on

- Monticello, Florida.

One New Subscriber.

ber to the Agriculturist and
nm postpaid. Remember the
, Address,

JlckaavslI. ,Fl.

Jack-mvUle. Pta.
planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
me and Refugee Bean.s etc., etc.
Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
Jacks e.mvilleP.

of our premiums?


"We started from Illinois many weeks ago,
my moter, aul, Lucy and 1. My lather bad
Dben out west or more tnan three years, ana
e had seat word for us to come out to where
be wa. we lived on a little place in the country
and we sold on toe litte we owned ano start-
en west with our norses and wagon. v e
lnongnt that we would tal in with otner mov-
er. and we Ald lor a part oi te .way, but
wlen we got a little this side ot the iassouri
river Ute .Isus we were wnnI concluded to stay
Uere lor the winter, but mother wanted to
come night dn to were lather is. He said that
ne wou.u be sure to meet us some pace on
tne way alter we got into .%eorasla and we
rave waticue and watcned ana watcned tur
uim. tiauller wou.o -., up uou ne Iruot seat
o tale wagon a-n -eep luoK...g .r ,.ni -cilen
she was t.u .ck to neud up nier heaa-poour
tbe girl rew her sleeve acrcas her e)es bc-
-..AuL r never was very strong anm she was
s ic wliie we starLte. A lever set in and sne
Ui no a tut Ma onnu ago, in a to.n away oacK
aIcrc. At lui in mi uc luwwu wele rea. ootu t
ta, and luny trica to have us stay tneie until
spnng anr go on then witn the movers tart
u.Iu ore sm to ne coming along at inat time,
Luo mioter aa saiu lur us to go as tong as ritn
weather Kepi gooo, and we have nad real tair
weather so tar, so A cine on Inoplig and prty-
ing every day tii I wouOd meet lather. bome-
itnig mast nave happened to him or he would
surey nave met us a long time ago. He wrmns
ta ne won id be likely to meet us sometime
in October. tie wousa have been where ne is
by this time, only mother was sick so much
tunt sometimes we had to camp lor a week at
a taoe. ioen c horses are old and they are
atbot tire mt. gue wie wai have to put
up lr 4he winter at the next town we get to.
%e cant go on now that winter has set in. u
tatn other only come to meet us."
She cried a little and mother said soothingly.
on't you cry, my child. w Iather awit cme
yet, 1 m sure t that he wil.tAnd yot shall stay
nwomi here with say r the present. I want a
irtle gil poike Lcy. It is soud go n in have
aid a little girt in the house ."
Mother t oro Lucy upon her lap and kissed
her a she spoke he little girl nestled close
to1 mothers ahe, and seemed to o realie that
she Ifg sound a true nd loving d end. There
wer mso atroas ithe west at that time, and
it seemed certain that the three little wayrers
would have to stay with us until spring. it
was impossible that they should go on in the
wagon now that winter had set in with such
seventy. Moreover tney were almost entirely
out oae ood and hartna. the oyoest gbir, oen-
leascd teartuuy that they were out at money.
"ahisl tor pity's sAke," exclaimed Aunt
Randy as she cme over to our house in a
blinding snowstorm the next day and heard
tse story Martha had to fell. "ir course you
can't go on now. w o got to stay right here.
tou must stay with me part ot the time. Like
enough your pa will boo up some day when
you leasE expect him. Something has turned
up that he didn't expect, out don t you worry.
lo l are in good hands. hen you ll be here
lotr our ,trA,tA't heard 'liouit the tree, A recK
oat well. as going to ie worth your coming
allt this tar to see. And Santa Llaus won't lor-
git any ot you. I guess that he has a speshly
sunt place in his heart for children that ain't
got any ma and who don't know where their
pa is. tie's got you wnt down lor sumetning
real nice. I ieel that in my bones. I'm going
to town tomorrow no matter it it blows and
snows great guns.
mut tne next day was serenely fair and the
hearts of many children out there on the prairie
were glad wnen they saw their lathers and
mothers setting forth in sleds and pungs tor
the only town in the county. they knew that
tnere would be mysterious bundles and pack-
ages come home in the sleds and pungs, and
that they would not know what those oundles
contained until they saw their contents on the
Christmas tree. Aunt Randy was on early and
did not get home until late. Her old pung was
half filled with bundles, most of which were
for the tree.
Christmas eve was fair and cold, but the wind
that had swept the snow covered prairie all day
died down at sunset. There was a full moon
and the Christmas stars twinkled in a cloud
less sky. The wide prairies were one unbroken.
expense of snow shimmering in the yellow
moonlight. Our big new barn wore a wonder-
fully festive appearance. Father had set up two
big stoves so that there was plenty of warmth.
Jef and I had borrowed every lantern in the
neighborhood and these lanterns hung from
pots and beams and crosspieces 'll over the
eu. Lamps and rows of tallow candles added
to the illumination. We knew a way of braid-
ing hlsks ot corn together so that the ears
hung in a graceful and heavy fringe and it
hu in festoons all around the barn. Aunt
Ranay, in a sudden burst of patriotism, had
ridden eight miles to borrow a fag from a
friend of hers, and this flag hung from a beam
in the barn. Strips of red, white and blue
bunting had been used with fine eect, and
there were many outbursts of surprise and de-
light when the people began to arrive. The
tree was concealed behind a great curtain and
it was not to be revealed until all were present.
When the curtain was finally drawn there burst
upon the dazzled eyes of the children a huge
tree with two hundred little candles on it.
From every twig and branch hung toys and
aift of every description. Father was the Santa
Clan who was to distribat the gifts. His dis-
uise wa o complete that when he came
climbing down from his plce of concealment
in the top of the barn, singing his sleigh bells.
no one recognized him, and the smaller
children did not suspect that he was not Santa
Claus hinuef.
It would take many pages to describe the
simle joy of that evening. Aunt Randy was
Sadi Her loud and merry laugh could be
Every few minutes and she was here and
there and everywhere, helping, direction tan-
ning. She it was who toot the Widow miller s
pretty little baby boy and laid him in his grand-
ther's arms, saying as she did so:
'There Squire Holt, that's your Christmas
SWhat reasonable man could ask for a
gift than a. handsome little
that? And he's got your name. too, Ira Holt
Miller. You takehim and be thankful for. him."
and all the people clapped their hands when
the old Squire took the child in his arms and
kissed him. 4
"I knowed be would," fairly shouted Aunt
Randy. "Why, Is, l1e couldn't help it. He's
-ein, the Squire is, and no human man could
Irdu a heave-ensat gift like that. Come, Mary

Now TurkA Mat.
The Turks use no tables in their homes, cnd
chairs are unknown, says London Answers. In-
stead there is a huge wooden trame built in
the middle of the room, about 18 inches high,
and when the family assembles to dine cush-
ions are brought, placed upon the frame, and
on these the members seat themselves tailor
fashion, forming a circle around a large tray
which occupies the center.
he tray is a very large wooden, plated or
silver attair. according to the social and tinan-
cial 'condition dt the family, and thereon is
deposited a capacious' bowl. About it are
ranged saucers of sliced cheese, anchovies, ca-
viare and sweetmeats ot all sorts. Interspersed
with these are goolets of sherbert, pieces ot
hot unleavened bread and a number of ooxwood
spoons, with which to drink the soup.
Knives, forks and plates do not figure in the
service, but each one has a napkin spread upon
"his knees, and every one. armed with a spoon.
helps h-mselt.
\ hen this is consumed, the bowl is borne
away, another great dish takes its place. This
time it is a conglomeration of substantial, all
stewed up together, such as mutton, game or
poultry. I he mess has been divided by ime cook
into small portions, which are dipped up with
the aid ot a spoon or with the fingers.
For the host to fish out of the mess a wing
or leg of a fowli and present it to a guest is
considered a great compliment, and for a Turk
of high degree to roll a morsel between his fin-
gers and then put it into the mouth of his
visitor is looked upon as the height of favor
and good manners.
Old Paper Xoney.
If the majority of the American public were
to be told that they could procure thousands
and tens of thousands of dollarR of United
States money for a few cents they would reply
that that were either impossible or a scheme
of someone to sell a gold brick.
Yet they would be wrong in both of their
suppositions, for it is the absolute truth, and
the best place to prove this is in the national
capital, Washington, D. C., where the money
is made.
\m hen old and worn paper money has been
returned to the Treasury at Washington the
United States government takes very extraor-
dinary precautions in the destruction of it.
The United States employs a very large
force of people who do nothing else but destroy
this old an mutilated paper money that has
been withdrawn from circulation. Whenever a
batch of such bills as these are turned in to
any sub-treasury they are redeemed by having
new ones issued in their stead. *
These bills are then sent to the treasury at
Washington, D. C., and are there sorted and
sent to what is known as the redemption divis-
ion. Here they are thoroughly examined by
experts for the purpose of detecting counter-
After this is done, which takes a very long
time. they are again counted and sorted and
then tied into bundles of one hundred bills
each, and a record of each bundle is kept.
Then these go to the "destruction depart-
ment." and here. after they are again record-
ed, they are put into large piercing machines
and four large holes are driven through each
bundle. They are next passed to a machine
for cutting and here each bundle is cut into
two equal parts.
From here each half bundle is sent to a dif-
ferent place; one goes to the office of the sec-
retary and the other goes to the office of the
registrar. In each of these places the half notes
are again counted and a record thereof made.
After this has-been completed they are sent to
the "chopping department." where they are
put into machines which cut them into very
minute fragments.
Of these fragments the operators are exceed-
ingly careful not to lose one. This mass of silk-
webbed paper which once represented thou-
sands of dollars worth of money is now ready
for the boilingn department."

Miller, bring the other babies and yourself
over here to your pa. 4fe likes grandcnidren
for Lnnstmas presents so weli that we'll give
nam a couple iiore of them. Hooray. Hooray.
rraises uc. I here s a real Lrnnstmas spirit ntre
this nlgHt.
Anis last outburst was caused by the tact
that ne old lquire had gone forward to meet
his daughter and had Kissed her an nier child-
ten. tlaroay haa tile applause over tnis scene
died away wnen the door ot the Darn opened,
anu a strange man entered. He close tile
door anu stood witl nas oack to it looking on
tnt merry scene oeiore him. He looked travel-
stained. fy wnat intuition Aunt Randy guess-
ca wniu he was we never knew, out snc looked
at nim lor an instant and tnen ran forward witn
,tti.e Lucy htayden in her arms crying out ly-
"sou are Myron Hayden and I just know it,
and here is a Lhristmas gilt tor you. It s your
own little Lucy girl. And l'aui and .Nettle are
right here."
'It looks like-it is father." cried Netie,
running forward to have her father clasp her
* his arms.
"Ihis is the best of all, exclaimed Aunt
Kandy. ""I tell you we've got to sing the Dox-
ology right out of our hearts before we go
home. he Lord knows we have a sight to
praise him for. It's the blessedest Christmas 1
ever sc."
Suddenly Hetty Ward, the sweetest singer in
the county, sang in her clear and ringing voice:
"'.'ow to the Lord sing praises, all ye within
this place."
Myron Ilayden had been dangerously ill for
a long time. Letters that he had sent to his
tamily had tailed to reach them. When he was
able to do so he had set out on horseback in
search of his wife and children. Hye had heard
in the town eight miles trom our house of the
children we were caring tor and he had felt
sure that they were his, therefore he had push-
ed on although he had ridden many miles that
"All who think that this tree has been a suc-
cess say '1'." shouted Aunt Raldy when some
ot those who had come a distance of ten miles
felt that they must start home.
"I," shouted everyone present.
Ine supper had been a scene of great festiv-
ity, and it was after midnight when the last
of the merrymakers had gone. \e could hear
*their shouts and merry laughter as they rode
&way over the snowy plain, and I am sure that
all of them carried away in their hearts tr-e
beautiful Christmas spirit of peace on earth and
good will to men.-Dallas Burton in the Amer-
ican Boy.




Premium Offer No I. Ay "di""g s new Sunbcriber n
S2.00 will eceiv an open-a rt, m-wtid
and stem-dt watch, guarantee by the -martnf-tCret fo one year. Sand yor abscrip-
son atonce to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksovilk, Fla.

In this place immense vats of water and al-
kali are kept constantly boiling, and into these
vats the mass of fragments of paper is thrown
and thoroughly boiled until they become an un-
recognizable pulp.
They manufacture this ulp into small mod.
els of the capitol, the White House, busts of
Washington, Lincoln, Grant and into many
other things, and these are sold to the depart-
ment stores, which sell them for souvenirs for
a small sum.-Waverly Magazine.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
a and Lawn, Palms,
n Bamboos, Conifers,
SFerns, Economce and
t-bearng trees,
t ]Aquatics, and all
sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
s ws House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Senu
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros.,
Oneco, Fla.


C.N't you WiOOL, o, Atoanrta, .
Can't you win one of our premiums?

A rich lady, cured of her deafneea and
nolsee In the head by Dr. Nlcholson's
Artificial Ear Drum gave $a o to his
institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the ar Drums may have them
free. Address 1LLe. The Nclholson In-
atliute. 71 IElghth Avenue. New York.

Perfectly Satl fatory.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvilie, Fla.
Gentlemen:-In reply to yours of the
18th, will say that the fertilizers re-
ceived from E. O. Painter & Co., have
been perfectly satisfactory in every re-
spect. Respectfully,
T. H. Chambers.
Georgiana, Fla., September 24, 1900.


$4.00 for $2.00!

Seed you must have to make a garden. and the AGalRcuLTua~ you sh~n'd have to be a
sancesfut gardner. YOU can get them both at the price o. one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Griflng's Improved
tine............ ...... 10 Thornless.. ...... .... .10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston ...... 5
Pod.... .. .. ..10 Onions. Red Bermuda......... 10
Dwarf German Black Griflng's White Wax.... 10
Wax.. ...............10 Peas, Alaska................ 10
S Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma.............. .. 10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.... .... ..
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King .... .5
Imperial Blood Bed Tur- Rladishes, Wonderful .......... 5
nip ..... .... .. ...... .5 Griffng's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. ................. 5
Wakefield ..... ...... .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. .. 5
Early Summer.... ...... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty.. .... ...... .
Griffng's Succession .. .. .5 Money Maker...... .5
Cauliflower. Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips. Gring's Golden Ball.... .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching ... .10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .............. .
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville. Fla.


WITH IHE 1JOE Teacher-"Once upon a time there A
-were two rich men, one of whom made F rm rs t t
8le-"I suppose you have had some his fortune by honest Industry, while
narrow escapes in playing tootbhln the other made his by fraud. Now,
He-"I have had some hairbreadth which of these two men would you pre- I PEC IAL
escapes."-Puck. fer to be?" 8PRIN
STommy (after a moment's hesitation) GOODS
Mss Spokes-What shall we have for --"Wch nade the most?"-Family I
your club colors? Herald.
Mr. edalman-I guess black andHerald Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
blue will be right-Judge. Mr. Woodware-'That young fel- GEORGIA STOACK.
low you have in your office is the most RIA w .
When we discover the faults of our conceited puppy I ever ran aerss." PRA YING OUTFIT.S
friends we are happy; when we die, Mr. Queensware-"Yes, I know; but
cover the faults of our friends without you must remember he is young yet ad everything Imleme
being happy we are great-Puck. and his character Is not fully formed. P ltry Netting aWt Clumbia Bicycles
He has never been tried by fire."
"Do the police suspect anybody of MLr. Woodware-"Then you'd better CHARTER OAK STOVES.
the murder?" fire him."-New York Weekly. CARRARA PAIUT, IROn PIPE. BOILES AND PUMP.
"Whom do they suspect?" "Higgins, I've come to you for ad- OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
."Oh! they don't know."--Roxbury vice. What ought a man of my cana-
Gazette. bilities and opportunities to do in or-
der to achieve the greatest success in
"Are you one of the strikers?" asked life?"
the woman at the door. "Gurney, I wish you had come to m e
"Yes, mum. I'pe a pioneer in the with that question about five years
movement. I struck thirty years ago, ago. 1 could have told -ou all aboLt
and I've never give in yet."-London it then. I was just out of college."
Household Words.
--- vMrs. Malaprop-"And then, after all,
"What Is your Idea of fame?" when I got to the convention hall the nail ders
"Fame? Well, in the nflest phase, I man at the door said, l'orry, madam.
think it is the incredulous surprise but you can't get into the hall, without
which a man's home folk exhibit when a ticket.' "
he does anything noteworthy."-De- Mrs. Gabbil-"Gracious, what did
trolt Free Press. you do then?"
Mrs. Malaprop-"I didn't know what
She-"Do you remember, Frank, to do. I was completely ne luse."--
the night you proposed to me, I hung Philadelphia Press. PrIo F
my head and said nothing?"
He--"Do I remember? Well, I should "Wouldn't ou like to see an era
rather say I did! It was the last time dawn in human existence when all will
I saw you act so!" be perfection," asked the amiable but
visionary citizen; "a time when there
Hanm--"And what do you think of will be no more suffering or suspense
the origin of man? Don't you believe or ain of any kind?" PLANT SYST
man is descended from the monkey?" "I don't know," was the hesitating
Ellzabeth--"Oh, yes, I think man Is; response. "I wouldn't like to hang The ( a in o
but what puzzles me Is where woman back in any philanthropic scheme, but Tne Fom F da.
came from."-Standard. self-preservation is the arst law of na-
ture you see. I'm a dentist."-Wash-
Biggs-"When I was in Chicago last ington Star. CONNECTIONS.
August, I went skating on the ChiCago
River." "I think we ought to give this wed-
river was frozen over at that time?" said the editor. THk ATLANTIC OA.T LINE, "via Charles to,
BoggJs-"HYou dot mean to say-the ding a diapliy-heai on the farst not T A a Oean LlNE,:.via Co fre ^
Biggs-"Oh, no. We used roller "Out of the ordinary, is it?" said the Richmond and Washington
skates."-Life. managing editor. To The
"Well, I should say It was," amswer- THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savmantah. (C,
Tommy-"Mother, what Is an an- ed the city editor; "why, thetr was no
gel?" 'bower of roses,' no .'eral bell no lumbia and Washingtoni.
Mother-"An angel is a being that 'wide-spreading canopy,' no 'blushing wvi All Emal
lies." bride,' nothing 'beautiful in its sim-
Tommy-"But, mamma, papa calls plicity,' no 'solemn strains' to the wed- The Southern Ry via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g
my governess an angel" ding march, no-" T Loisil & Nasil via t
Mother--'T hen, my dear, she Is go. "Enoughr! cried the managing ed- The Lou e vi va ongomery.
ing to fly immediately."-Standard. tor, "double-lead it and give It a scare- The southernn R'y via Savannah, Columbia. Ashev,.:
head; It's the only one of the kind."- The Mobile & Ohio I. R via Montgomery.
Mr. Blinks-"The romance of Me- ChiCago Evening Post
Bride's honeymoon lingers still, al- e
though he has been married five years." DEAFNESS CAN NOT BE CURED Via Savannah and Ocean SteLNmship Co for New
Ars. Jinks-"How do you know?' by local applications, as they can not
Mt. Blinks-"He jokes with his wife reach the diseased portion of the ear. York. Philadelphia and orston.
about her millinery bills."-Tit-bits. There is only one way to cure deaf- TO The
ness, and that is by constitutional Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners TrDsspourw
"Has your Shakespeare Society remedies. Deafness is caused by an in-
started in yet, Miss Jones?" flamed condition of the mucous lining tion Company for Baltimore.
"Yes. We met at Mrs. Wiggles's of the Eustachian Tube. When this vie ste4an p
yesterday. Miss Matilda read a most tube gets inflamed you have a rum- To Ke E rN
delightful paper on the 'Influence of bling sound or Imperfect hearing, and KEI WES Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
Bosalind on Dress Reform.' "-Har- when it is entirely closed deafness Is AND
per's Bazar. the result, and unless the inflammation H V A STEAI SHIP CO.
-- can be taken out, hearing will be de- V
"I won't submit to being turned stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten NOVA SCOTIA
away," said the disappointed arrival are caused by catarrh, which Is noth- Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
at the hoteL "See here, I'm flush," and ng but an inflamed condition of the CAPE BRETON&" STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax. Hawkesburi
he displayed a roll of bills. mucous surfaces. s EDWA M 0
"I know," responded the clerk; "but We will give One Hundred Dollars and Charlottestown.
I've got. a full house."-Philadelphia for any case of deafness (caused by ISLAND...
North American. catarrh) that can not be cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu- W i ter Tourist T
Hunston-"I'd like to go shooting t. fre. Wter Tourst ckets
tomorrow, If 1 could only get a dog F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
that was well tried" Sold by druggists, 75 cents.
thel--"Oh, Ill let you take Dottle, Hall's Family Pills are the best. Will be on sale throughout the NORT IIERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
then. Sh e an stand on taker head and Sott OUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
then. She can stand pon her hea nd ay i reternce. during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st. with liberal stop
sh prayers, and do lots of than gs"- Sutherland, Fla.. Nov. 25, '99. over privileges in Florda.
rys, d do lots of thins! B. 0. Paister A Co., Jacksonsil, Fla. ADDRESS OF' PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
Pack. Gentlemen:-I don't wish to flatter be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AI).
any one, but must say that you are TERTISING MATTER.
First Thespian-"When I was ply- my preference among the many fertill-
ing Hamlet in Omaha and getting my zer firms with whom I have dealt in
fifty a night, I"--- your town and I hope to give you my or Informatio as to rate sleepng-car services. reservations. te. write te
Second Thesplan-"Hold on there, business. Yours truly, r. 1. oy tLLY. Isrl lon Psasenger Agent.
Jack! make that five." J. C. Craver. West Hy Ptreet. Aster Block. Jaeksonvll Florida
First Thssplan-"No, Tom, 'pon me W. B. DENHAM. B. W. WRENN.
honr, fifty a eight regular. Eggs are Sharple's Cram Separators-Proft Gee. Supt. Pass. Trade aMng'r.
cheap out jhere."-Harper's Weekly. able Dairying. SAVANNAH, GEORGIAM


1LOJIDIANA. dences are building while more are
being improved. Another thing that -
The wood famine has struck Pal- tells of their prosperity is the great, C H E S T EF
e m sood number of new buggies and wagons
metto. It is impgasible to get o they are buying. On Monday last
cutters during the orange season, we aw four new buggies being car-
and it's a choice between old boxes for FACTORY LOADED SHOT H
fire wood or freeze to death.-Palmet- ried out by them to one neighborhood.
to News. We are pleased to see such for they
are the people who should enjoy all DU. Ea 0fltIum D a" j- t -RFPl. EFD
Alfred Armsworth, one of the great the good things there are e to be had.- I
journalists of London, is coming to this Suwannee Democrat. mst upon having them, take no others and you wil get the bat hells that money can by.
country and will Inadulge in tarpofis Mr. J. A. Griflin of Welborn, has ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
becoming known the world over made this ear on four acres, 201s/
about the nearest approach to a para- bushels of sweet potatoes, 800 pounds -
dise on earth. It is being sought by of seed cotton, fifteen bushels of
moneyed men and publicists of all rough rice. eight bushels of corn, 180
sorts, from quay of Pennsylvania to gallons of syrup, two barrels sngar,
Armsworth of England. And Flor- and saved 2,000 stalks of red cane. Florida F t Coast Ry
Ida niver disappoints. Savannah The money value of the crop at cur-
News. rent prices closely approaches $220.
This in an evidence that there is life IOU' BOUND() .0 ( U NW
James E. Clark, the negro ostmas- in the old land yet.-Suwannee Demo- 1 Ne.1 o M o. s t.JS e.. If
ter at Eatonville, Fla., has been ar- 4t Daily DIla Da 7 No. TATIONS. No. 2 Dal y Daily Dey
rested on charge of violating the local "-- ex0 a do. !l2
option law. Clark is the leading citi- A .lart of the machinery for the oys- ... I b Lv........ J ........ A ..... I .
zen and practically the emperor of the ter canning factory has reached St. .. :: 0i. 11U ....... at. Agi e..........v ....
pw ... p111 1 ........L
town. The arrest develops a curious Augustine from Baltimore, and Mr. 1 ...............Lv s s ....
fact. Eatonville is a town of 1,200 ;G". is now engaged in superintend- g dr ....... sst ........ "
people and is lopulated exclusively. iin erection. His recent call for .. ... $.I*p nI Lv....... ....Palat .......... Lr .....
by negroes. There is not a white real- colored women and boys to work in I ... P AI..........S laM. ......... L ..... l ......
dent in the place. It has a full quota thel factory met with a generous re- LO i.. L......... 8mMaso......... Ar 7 ..
of city olicials, a bank and schools, .4pnse. He now believes that he will . 1C 2=RLI..... .lmtPal .........Ar S i......
all owned and run by negroes.-Ex. I~ able to secure all the help he can o O 4 i. . i.-:.......... : Im i
S I i use in this city without sending to Bal- = I ::..::'" i...... alp S a...... g -
large property owner in Florida, is the to soon bhe in f--S
George apar, a friend of his at West t oyster packing season is over, Mr. .......... ......... ct Pont.......... I ......

1, a. Josepnh Jenterson'uplaim os fietory-Ste Augustpk ine Itema in Times- *r :::::::.:: t .. ----:::::::::: .1
$16,^+000. ...... .A. ...... ...... u e
Gresenting arios caiman t his at st Gon will operate the factory can- .......... .....
SPalm Beach. The ase has lust been e birds. C- g: ... ........
sing vegetables, provided the farmers P4 a 45 ...... A:0::: -. _
er in bankruptcy. The schedule owf ia- along the East Coast will grow peas, Z .are e.Mvd... ......
...heard before W. L. Anne, commi4a1.
bilytes showed anc indebtedness of Jaso oes an other vegetables for the I "........S. at ........ ............

l liE SAMPI BY MAIL. Betat Pa-.So Ot. a T.aau 1 b. 7. .
A31Am3. Joseph Jeferson's clm Is efactory.-St. Augustine Item n Times- .. ..
S m31,.J ci i '" naled otosyop hIae by ma" cy is" 0 .. .
$16,000. A large number of the ablest .. an. ii w. om.......

tDuc s a e r to he o t peanef -o u ...... ....... ............. -p r............ ... o ...... .... .
lawyers in the state were present, rep-, if apiar tbe the most plt..........e ........... 1b ...........
resenting various claimants in this gatie within gunshot of our local nim- .......... p ............ 8teu ............n. 104A...........
and other states. George Adams, of iros. ind tohy ar bagging large num- . 7 ......... ae o ......... lT............

I s h e n h............ .. 7 West r.-se ............. .......
wrect alm Beach has been appointed rooms has ofon the aquatic birds. Consequent- p .....|S b ...... ............"
lyoe i toothsome......nd frequen duck- E 1as ........: I tlp *.......... 90r............
receiver by the commissioner. The lys Lost toothsome and frequent duck-m tl i -....Uit Atrm...ay.." terb.
town of Jeffersonville, largely owned lesl collations are served.--Palatka OW ............ Sip .- D Slra ............ I
0L...... ... ai m. t...... ....... .....
by the veteran actor, is near Jackson- Advertiser. ...... o~ i.. ... ..u d..r L lr a...

g ^w ile.e e Budded and Grafted Peninsular and Occidental S. o.
FREE SAMPLES BY MAIL. Barfer Par Our a 'nu a sad ?.
A monlyt peculiar accident happened .E A ME Ba t rs. en Tail. and 75.
at Arrm ondo o enit reey Free samples of dry goods will be Between Jneksmnwili.. Pawble k amnd ityat.L
at Arredondo one night recently,
which came near coag two mendk ilf ter of ad Uai ma l s CO TION S At MI I.
their lives and did cause the death of a hen Broterd f Iargr dra goods house fe H
of acksonville. if you will write them, 1 2 d 7 4 W............... m. Ai .W......... i ..... a. .
ore A negro by the name of Henryl ad tellt atme n hat you want. Express 6 2 .. Ar. ....S. .. o. l7i W g
Mk ray was on his way to a neighber'sS .............. P ri l ................ .
to see about having his Lane ground lrgs prepaid when ash accompan- a .......... .... l Pal ri ..........Ea .I T6 111.......

net re0idett ot New York, have been Wer t Palm Beacht Fla K oy- t ........ .......... A.ri ..." ......
when he met another negro by the i the order, if it counts to $5 ort
name of Paris Hollins. Both men tover, c Opting o domestics. Write te tI ed p"Oe n te" StwATrit SHa. ad mor9iIfe..
riding at a rapid gait when they ran ttlav for what you want. SAONS. .13
together. McCray was knocked one 3 si.1 STATIONS o. 7 L ......... Tituuill...
gway and his horse another. In the ry Testament for the use of ........
whek Mbeiray had his left ardm bro- micrt rooms has been put on the mar- L 0 .R T A ... ... f
en in two places and was otherwise ket. It is bound with white celluloid "...Orn 9.." l. ll i-- ........

eon, I twoeal, ratucks, broad-bill, canvas nervous diseases. I will also send diet r L
hurt, while his horse was instantly instead of leather, and It can, there- A. tr betr- Nw Smyrn and Orane All rarn w Trea
killed. Hollins was knocked senseless fore, be washed and disinfected from OJunre a to dkelye af led. aLh a od a asih M a
and his horse badly wounded. Medi- time to time W. F the several wtston, tb tWhei aYor arrival or e rtue at the in oatedrrT not dm
cai aid w a summonthed as soon as pos- m ma hold Itstf r ig fr ay dey or By. r Per. ia
asbleo an the to mten ty-e pettngd Budded ad Gi afted Peninsular and Occidental S. S. Co.
The only reason given for the accident Mulgoba M On and ham- d p ia & Ml .o
was that it was too dark for either of Plant ysteOOO A Jpm.
the men to se onthe uther.-- Alnesville Imported from India; absolutely free. HAVANA LNE. -
Pun. from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each. Leave Mamn Tusdasw ............ Lp. rive iey Wt Wedirectlya....b d seam
Judge Wareernoon. Foster, a well- Leave y Wet Wedneday ....... & p. m. Arrive Hava h y. .
hisJude Warn W. oster, a Largest assortment of Crotons in the ave k l ThurFday...O ........oc. 1 .. O NeW YR. L G
known lawyer and secretary of Tamnu RDA S FOLLOWS
many Hall; Messrs. Chas. F. Naeth- United States. la* Key Wes Thrda ....... p. a. Arrive Almo Friday .......... a.
ing, W. L. Mitchell, Chas. 1E. Thomp. Also Citrus stock. Address, KEY WEST LINE. -
sbn and Prof. J. M. Laflin, all prome i JOHN B. BEACH, Mimi Fri COLday ........ ......1 ..Key .. aturda........Dc. .
neat residents of New York, have been West Palm ch 8. W s u E..... ... .. .. Miami o.. ye ............ c am 4.
on a two weeks' cruise on Messrs. Nae P sea for Havan ma leave Miami MFriday l. p. n.. .arrIvng .Key Ws ...erd
uOOi m, and reaPin in Key Wet uantl 9 AD IF..ELSunday following, an at ms; tiame
thing and Laflin's cosy house-boat, FOR $1 1 will spnd you a Mann r a in Kl diS an. Suday polling,
Bose Marie, on Indian and Banana Triv- TS m te p"Oette," arvig Haaa
ers, at the Haulover and Mosquito La- o prescription are or mula. If aoreep local time emd addition ay gto
goon, and shot about 5W0.ducks, among Your druggist can compound it. I he
them being mergansers, mallard, widg- medicine will cure epileptic fits and M A L LO RY STEA M S H I P LI N E.
eon, tel, raft-ducks, broad-bill, canvas nervous diseases. I will also send diet B G Jacksonville, Florida.
back, etc. They also made some big list. C.D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla. FlR aymond, Agent Brunt
hauls of trout, bass, sheephead and21, E. B., New York.
other fish. Judge Foster, we under- Jactsonv ill 5 n. dea
stand, killed the most, besides hauling AGENTS W ANTED. Nevv York s 10 2 .
in several bass that tipped the scales Phila- (8. A. L. Ry.) or Fer. n-
at from twenty to twenty-five pounds We would like to secure an dn 1:30 pM a.. via CL '-
each. They returned to Titusville on vahia &a en route) or "all rail" v. a
Monday, and reported having had a agent in every town and ham- delihil Pblant stem a20. i.
Plant System at 2:00 p. in.
glorious time on-the cruise. All but let in Florida. Writeat once. Bostoni ar. rnseck 6:0 p. ..
Prof. Lafln left for New York on From Brunswick direct to gdirctyaoarditeam
Tuesday afternoon. The Judge enjoy- E. O. PAINTER & CO., New York -- r.
ed the swimming immensely, and took Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, @FiaOSm E SAIIN1S fer'eme.o 1900.
his last swim on Tuesday. Mr. Nae- Jacksonville, Fla. NORTH BOUND--BRUUSWIC G. DIRECT TO NEW YORE. tL VING EVER'
thing will be down again in January, IRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
but Prof. Lafiin will remain here until 8. S. COLORADO.. ................................Dec. 7.
May.-East Coast Advocate. THE U. S. LIVE STOCK RIMEDY at s Sa S RIO GRANDE ..........E.................... De.14.
As an evidence of the prosperity of curing Hog and Chicken Cholera S. S. COLORADO.....................................Dec. 21.
many of the farmers of this section kindired dise It iso 41 Ba 0fe oe- S. 8. RIO IGRALNDE.. ......................................Dec28.
dltion powder. Sales mre Itncreasing. If For lowest rates reservations and fall informatloa apply to
we note there are more improvements "our dealer don't keep tt we will a" BASIL GILL. Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
being made on their homes than for it to You On receipt O J .ca Se pe% JS. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
1'. Liberal disount to SAalaB- IA C
a number of years. Many new red-1 MORGAN. Aget. Kisulanm ia. ist C, H. MALLORY CO& General Agen ts, Pier 21, L. R., New Yor.


Simon Pure



4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested!

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Phosphoric Acids:


PARIS GREEN and Insecticides geo-
Tobacco Materials:
All guaranteed unleached and to con.
tain all their fertllsing and lnsecticide



- - Jacksonville, Fla.

Gw So Heavy.
B. O. Paitser & Co., Jacksoniale, lia.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertll-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost Impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall
My lawn Is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some

others here speak .of trying t this tall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for tfteen Years.
B. 0. Paister & Co., Jacsonmllve, Fle.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept 21, 1900.

Beyond Ity Expectation.
. . Paitser Co., Jackseonrile, Po.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilSer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilser as soon as needed.
Very respectfully.
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire oSansfation.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-

Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla.. Oct. 5th, 1900.
Oj, Fla.
Z. O. Paister & Co.. Jacksoadie, Ps.
Gentlemen:-Please Inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. B S eed.

A High-Grade Fertilizer


"'im IDi A Tl'" BR A NDS
-. HAVE TH ESE. ~.'
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pice
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................$30oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.0o per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 0a8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $3.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. .................. a8.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE...........$3.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER ................... ao.o per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
re weot l, Bad mo u a Be. $1Me Pr %. Dmva.l a GOaw.. he Ild Tobaeo Fartliser, S4M.0 per ag

Full Text
xml record header identifier 2008-01-20setSpec [UFDC_OAI_SET]metadata oai_dc:dc xmlns:oai_dc http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc xmlns:dc http:purl.orgdcelements1.1 xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc.xsd dc:title The Florida agriculturist.Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.).dc:creator Kilkoff & Deandc:subject Agriculture -- Florida.Newspapers. -- De Land (Fla.)Newspapers. -- Volusia County (Fla.)Newspapers. -- Jacksonville (Fla.)Newspapers. -- Duval County (Fla.)dc:description Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.Editor: C. Codrington, 1878-"A journal devoted to state interests."Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907-Numbering is irregular.Issues for 1911 also called "New series."dc:publisher Kilkoff & DeanKilkoff & Dean,dc:date 12 19, 1900dc:type Newspaperdc:format v. : ill.dc:identifier (ALEPH)AEQ2997 (NOTIS)01376795 (OCLC)96027724 (ISSN)1376795 (OCLC)dc:source University of Floridadc:language Englishdc:coverage United States of America -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville.United States of America -- Florida -- Volusia -- De Land.