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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 50.
Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Dec. 12,1900.
Whole No. 1402
Dwarf Orange Trees.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
I was glad to find in your issue of
November 2,th, an article on dwarfing
orange trees and 1 think that the wri-
ter, J. Nelson, has correct ideas, and
that dwarf orange trees are valuable
and will help orange growers to regain
a pert of what they have lost. Most
of my life, thirty years, has been spent
in practical nursery business and rais-
ing fruits, since 1884, in Manatee
county, Florida; previous to that time,
on or near 40 degrees, north latitude,
with deciduous fruits, where I be-
came well acquainted with dwarf pears
and other dwarfs suited to that lati-
tude. I was not favorably impressed
with them. However, on arrival in
Florida. I procured five dwarf orange
trees of Otaheite stocks, one of which
ripened seven good Mediterranean
sweets the second year after planting.
when it was a bushy little shrub not
over fifteen inches high. One tree was
S given away, two lost, one got frosted
below the bud and died, one got plow-
ed under and lost, one planted on very
poor nine land and :cn.lected, ass not
produced more than eight or ten boxes
of fruit, and one was in good ground
and has done fairly well. It was a bud
from a good native seedling, and bore
from twenty to twenty-five oranges the
third year from planting. The next
year, 1890, the crop lacked twenty-six
oranges of being two boxes; 1891,
about thirty oranges over three boxes;
180y2, it was short, only about one and
one-half boxes, since which time the
crop each year has been nearly exact-
ly five boxes, until this season, when
it is again short, about two boxes. It
only occupies one rod of ground and
since 1.813, it has remained about the
same size. about eight feet high and ten
or welve feet across the branches at
the ground. Since the freeze of 1895,
1 have raised quite a number of young
trees but have none under three years
old planted out in grove, but a large
percentage of the two-year-olds in nur-
sery rows. have from one to five or-
anges on them.
I learned this year that there were a
number of Otaheite stocks at the Ex-
periment Station at Lake City, and sent
them a few more stocks. I have found
by trial that the Otaheite is as tender
as the rough lemon, that it will dwarf
anything that is budded upon it, not
allowing the part above the bud to
grow faster or larger than the stock
below. It can only be propagated from
layers or cuttings as its fruit has no
seeds. It has never shown any foot
rot, but that may be because it has
always grown on good ground. It
makes all varieties, so far as tested
(only eight varieties yet tested) bear
S early and prolifically, and now it only
S remains to be proved whether all varie-
tes will continue to thrive and pro-
duce as abundantly as any one good
tree of a native sort, and I have good
reason to believe that such will be the
case. Now what would be the result;
moe hundred and sixty trees to the
acres, at five boxes to the tree, on and
after five years from planting, would
give eight hundred boxes. But I nev-
er get things to work as the figures
indicate, still it is not very lnhrd to get
a half. so if only half of the trees
would average the five boxes there
would be four hundred boxes to the
acre, and a shed twelve feet high
would be more than tall enough for a
cover, if it was to be a covered grove.
The gathering of the crop from
dwarf trees is much easier than from
the standard varieties. The effects of
strong winds are not so serious, and
they have many other advantages. 1
hope that there are others who have
tried these natural dwarf trees and
that the readers of the Agriculturist
will hear from them.
Now as to dwarfing trees as sug-
gested by Mr. Nelson, I know his meth-
od will dwarf them to a considerable
extent and also make them prolific and
benefit them in other ways, and if any
one who wishes to work over a large
sour orange or other tree, will cut off
most of the roots at tihe same time that
the lops are cnut off. he will have bet-
ter success. However, my experience
goes to show that severe root Druning
can not be repeated year after year,
indefinitely, without fatal results to
the tree. A. J. Pettigrew.
Big Starch Product.
Editor F'loridvi .I uriiclturilt:
This was the heading of a recent
article, which appeared in a number of
papers, and dated from Onoka, Minn.,
November 22, 1900, as follows:
"*ihe co-operative starch factories in
Onoka county will do a large business
this month. Over lU0,000 bushels of
pl,ltatoes will ie ground into starch
at tiese factories this fall and in the
adjoining factories of Chicago, Mill
Lacs and Isanti. about 1,500,000 bush-
els will be served in the same way.
Nearly all these factories are owned
and operated by farmers in co-onera-
tion and they are expected to pay from
.A0 to 70 per cent. dividends this year.
About 1.(000).N11 pounds of starch will
Froml my personal acquaintance
of these localities and the factor-
ies. I have not the slightest doubt, but
that those figures are rather below
than above the mark. The farmers
were induced to adopt those plans by
competent parties, who had investigat-
ed similar undertakings in Germany.
I have always advocated co-operative
factory system for the Floridians. If
the farmers and storekeepers want to
make money out of cassava by mak-
ing starch, they will have to adopt the
co-operative plans, by which system
they will get the profits to themselves.
Cassava Convention in Ocala. I
have read with interest the reports in
the papers. Floridians may be proud
of such a gentleman as Dr. Stock-
bridge of the Experimental Station,
whose work is very valuable to the en-
tire state, and the agriculturist espee-
I ally. When telling the farmers of the
i value of cassava as a feeding product
Iin its raw state. I think Dr. Stock-
bridge has overlooked one important
factor in connection with the feeding
of cattle, etc., on the farms; this is the
returns the farmer gets from the ani-
mals in the shape of excrements and
liquid manure. This is very important,
more especially as it will save the far-
mer the hard cash for buying chemical
fertilizer to that extent. No doubt Dr.
Stockbridge can and will gladly give
information on this point to the agri-
culturist. If any person had ever ask-
ed Dr. Stockbridge this question he
would have explained its value long
ago. However, it is not yet too late,
as the feeding of cassava is still in its
One of the other speakers at the con.
vention, states that he has found that
cassava can be produced for less mon-
ey 'han any person is willing to sell it.
Does he perhaps expect the farmers to
sell their farm products at cost-price,
or even at less money? How could the
farmer then make a living?
The same party further states that
cassava starch has to compete with
potatoes in the East and with corn in
the West, and therefore can not give
more than $5 per ton at the factory.
To this I will answer that the produc-
tion of potato starch is nowadays
much larger in the West than in the
East of the United States, however.
this cuts no figure in the discussion.
But to say that cassava starch has to
compete against those two products,
such is all nonsense, and the sneaker
knows it too. or at least he ought to
know it, if he knows anything about
the starch business. Regarding this
matter and also as to prices obtainable
for the different kinds of starch, I will
simply refer to Bulletin No. 58. The
ruling prices for last year are given
on page 21'; the present prices are fully
as high and no prospects nor any rea-
son for lower prices. Cassava starch is
the same as tapioca flour for all in-
tents and purposes, with the only dif-
ference that, if cassava starch is prop-
erly made, by competent hands, it
should always be superior to the Im-
ported tapioca flour, and in that case
it will always command a higher price
than tapioca, same as is the case with
German potato starch, which always
rings higher prices in our markets
than the domestic product. The man-
ufacturing expenses for cassava starch
are or should be no higher than such
for making potato starch, and may
safely be put down at one-half cent
per pound of starch. The yield of
starch from cassava should be at least
20 per cent. of the weight of the roots.
The value of the pulp and the wash-
waters should almost pay for all run-
ning expenses. if properly taken care
There need be no difficulty about the
weights of the roots. If the roots are
allowed to remain on the ground for
a couple of hours after being dug, near-
ly all the sand will fall off the roots
---- -- -- -- ---- ---- ---------
when loading on carts. The sand
remains in the carts and weighed with
the carts when empty, thus the factory
does not pay for sand. A small per-
centage of sand will always remain
on the roots, even if they should be
washed as suggested by one of the
speakers. The roots should always be
weighed at place of shipment, as they
lose in weight during transportation
by rail through evaporation. The small
percentage of sand or dirt the buyer
takes into consideration when he makes
his prices. This is the case all over
Europe and in the United States where
beets are sold to sugar factories, and
also is this the case with potatoes for
Three years ago, when I first es-
tablished a fixed price for the cassava
roots for starch making in Florida at
$i.00l per ton. delivered to factory,
llere was no real market yet for cas-
sava starch. in fact, the article was
entirely unknown in the United
States markets, but I knew that the
factory could make profits at such a
,rice, even if to sell for less than
domestic potato starch. All this I
then explained to the agriculturists in
Florida. and promised them that if af-
ter the first year's experience the
prices warranted it, they would be
paid higher prices for their roots.
Tobacco Cost 10 Cents.
Fulitor Florida Agriewlturist:
I enjoy reading your paper very
much and hope to write some articles
this season that will interest vour
I am specially delighted with an ex-
periment in growing Irish potatoes,
planted the 6ith of October, from culls
saved from the spring crop. I am also
trying an experiment in grlVing a fall
crop of broom corn, planted in Sep-
tember. It is now seeding nicely, and
I think it quite promising. My experl-
ment in sowing beggarweed in July
for fall mowing was a grand success.
and I have saved a fine lot of hay.
My growing of both Cuban and Suma-
tra tobacca has been quite a success.
I have sold it all. 8.4XX0 pounds, for
atout an average of twenty cents. I
grew that crop on ten and one-half
acres and used only $10.00 worth of
fertilizer per acre. It cost me only
ten cents per pound to raise it, not
counting the use of the land, barns and
sticks, which I owned, and if rented.
the cost would not have been over
twelve cents per pound.
W. E. Embry.
There is a craze on at the present
time, superinduced by the fad for
colonial houses, of having white wood-
work. Several years past all the fash-
ionalle houses were finished in hard
wood. Now they are all painted white
and papered in yellow to give the cor-
rect colonial effect, with their mahog-
T46 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
aets About Oysters. a beautiful shade tree and supple- preparedI. f course there are no little
Oysters are used generally only dur- mienils its value in this respect by its delicacies except for the sick. There
ing the months containing an "IR." iul-liaring properties. As an instance is no wine. simply a meal that will
Hence the season is from the first of of tie interest shown in this matter "stick to the ribs," and possessing suf-
September to the last of April. Mr. .1.. H.ughes of Dallas, bought a ticient nutrition to enable the people
It is estimated that one hundred mil- half dozen trees of tine variety a few to do the hardest kind of work. As
lion oysters come to New York each days ;agof and offered to donate them will be noticed, the colonists get meat
week during the season. One hundred to the city if the city government only twice a week. They will do bet-
thousand a day are shipped in the would accept them and let them be ter on this line after a while, when
shell to less favored localities. About put out in the city park. Mayor Cabell they get a start at stock raising, and
four thousand bushels a week leave was seen in regard to it and said they then the per capital will probably be
for Europe. would be gladly accepted, and would reduced to even less than seven cents
In the vicinity of New York oysters be given suitable locations in the park. I day.
are sold by "count"-that is by the "This, like many other of the natur- *
hundred or thousand. In the interior al resources of Texas, is only just be- Developing the Heifer.
they are sold in bulk, opened at so ginning to be recognized." Frequent handling and rubbing of
much per quart or gallon. To nearby Mr. Itisien exhibited several samples the udder, teats and milk veins in the
cities, like Buffalo, oysters are sent in of fine varieties of pecans that were heifer calf will so develop those or-
shell, but to Cincinnati, Cleveland, grown at San Saba.-Dallas News. gans as to give a much better appear-
Chicago, St. Louis and other more die- * ance after she has calved, and we think
tant points they are shipped slhuckd. Cheap Living in South Georgia. it increases the milk production. Cer_
About one hundred and fifty thous- The Savannah News gives an ac- tainly we are apt to connect the idea
and "shucked" oysters are sent out of count of a vegetable colony at Ruskin, of large milk flow with a large and
New York each day. who live very cheaply. They have well shaped udder. The small and
Oysters are grown in waters from demonstrated by actual experience the short teats sometimes noticed as a se-
the Connecticut shore of Long Ila lowest possible daily cost for food for rious fault, especially in the Jersey,
Sound to the Gulf coast of Louisiana. their entire community. This cost is can be made longer by handling them
From the earliest days the Creoles in so low as to be almost beyond belief. when the calf is growing, if it is done
New Orleans have eaten the domestic before proceeding further, I will state regularly. Such handling makes it
oysters-they were shouted in the t e Ruskinues are Socialists, liv- much easier to milk a heifer with her
streets a century and a half ago as ing six miles southwest of l ayeross. lirst calf, as she is not afraid to have
"Baraarrians,"-but no one thought of .1 le colony settled at Duke, in Ware tile owner touch her teats. Indeed, we
exporting them then. Now Louisiana county upward of 300 souls. 'ihey be- have iha one that was so well accus-
and Mississippi oysters are sent by live fitmly in the doctrine that society toted to it lhat she was a little more
the thousands of tons to all parts of should, be reorganized by regulating shy aliotll leiting her calf suck her
the West and even to the Pacific coast. property, industry, and the sources of thali sih was to have us milk her. A
They are popular everywhere and com- livelihood. Tley also believe in ia iiile gro omilig. brushing and quiet
pare favorably with the famous Ches' community of property and the nega- hanlldlilng when young keeps the calves
apeake oyster, tion of individual rights in that proper- more thrifty. tame and good natured,
The lower coast is a great oyster ty. and shouldd nvit\r e, i omitted. The
producing section of the South. The The colonists have given much time cow that has been treated as a pet
shipments for one day to the New Or- a1d study to economic questions, and when a calf usually is a good cow.-
lease market and elsewhere have been have solved the riddle how to live at American q ultivator.
over 3,000 barrels, besides the canning tile lowest cost. \\ hen forced to leave *
factory consuming 350 barrels daily, their iennessee home the colonists Horticultural Exhibits.
Virginia's oyster industry brings in were Ihard p llsled. ut i'y possessed 'The exhibit of horticulture at Buf-
from $30,000 to $40,000 a year, while stout hearts and willing hands, and falo next sunmner will instruct as well
North Carolina and Long Island fur- today are oi a fair roa' to pIostper'ty. as entertain. The display of fruit al-
nish large quantities. Maryland is the lthevy live, land live well, at al actual though interesting and important will
Greatest oyster producing state of the cost r chpiit of less lhant 10 cents a be but an auxiliary to the trees, bear-
Union, with Louisiana a good second. day. ilng shrubs. methods of cultivation, new
Baltimore is the test oyster market n. mn shrubs, methods of cultivation, new
Baltimore is the finest oyster market eryhing they consllume is bought varieties and means of fighting i'ruit
In the world and New Orleans is lv loles;ll in large quantities. aind enemies. So many new varieties are
next.-Fruit Trade Journal. s c- iKed, in il co liiiimiiitly kitchen. lIeing added from time to time t;iat
S*0 In t1 lhe coilinllility diiiing roinl tables an exhibition is necessary to enable
The Pecan Tree. are set -fr fill- Il people. ,i.e ii no even I, even expert to keep pace with
Mr. E. E. Rislen of San Saba, Tex.. not wish to cat \wiii the i-t n\l .i them. These new varieties besides re-
was a visitor at the News office recent- givell like priVilelg0 ofti plrli'asiiting; c- liluirinig different treatment, have their
ly. Mr. Risien is an enthusiast on the paiiiy stores and cookmg ill at h liie. (.own troubles which are added to the
subject of pecans, which, he says, is \\lle vegetables are scarce tliese peo- Ioiurden of tlie horticulturist. Instruc-
now one of Texas's most profitable pie art- allowed scevenl cntli, per ca.,ia tiolns iln mianiy side issues will be giv-
crops and can be made more so if the it day: that is, seven ceiis l'r' each eni in a practical manner, by many
people would interest themselves in person, r1g, little,. old. o.gMi i. S l' or natural illustrations.
their cultivation and development. lie \\cll. \ lirt'l v-egt.'lailahs iir pIiiltifill lThie building alone will be wor:h a
has had a great deal of experience in the ciash hallo-anlice is oui.y live cents. tri-i to see and no doubt will attract a
raising and developing the pecaln. As the lcommuniity raises ils own veg- giltll deal of attention.
Speaking of the growth of the nut Mr. etaibles thle approximate cost is only Siclh technical points as spraying for
Risen said: about two cents per capital a day, mak- tile prevention and destruction of in-
"After years of experiment and close ing thle actual cost of living at Itus- sen' pests \vill be illustrated in a very
attention I have found that the only kin froii sev'e to nine cn(lls a day viclar and comprehensive manner. So
successful way to establish an orchard for each man, woman and child. ainlny insects infest our fruits and
of pecans that will be successful and ,l-er us go illto tlie coiiillntiity dinlilng shade trees itat a constant fight is ne-
satisfactory to the raiser is to graft room and see how triey live. We go at i t'ssary to preserve them from de-
them. That has been demonstrated be- lie ilnvitatiion of professorr lDenny, tian structioli. Cultivation has much to do
yond a doubt. No satisfaction caln be eminent Socialist, speaker 111lL scholar. | witil the proper preservation of trees
derived from seedlings. They are al- ,ln a large roo011, 2*i feet wide land 1 -1Li though spraying is the greatest safe-
ways a disappointment. A pecan of fee., long. we see nearly 3(HI miien, w\o- guard against destructive insects. The
good variety can only be successfully men and children seated at long La- lllrst rule in regard to spraying com-
grown on soil to which it is not indig- blues. Breakfast is our tirst meal. It inleces with a "don't"-do not spray
enous by grafting. In grafting, what is .well prepared, savory and daintily irees or plants when in bloom. It is
is known as the ring grafting method, served. \\e make a whlolesonme iieal in no instance desirable and by so do-
Is the only one satisfactory. Common on light Ibrcad furnished by the colony ing not only are we liable to injure
wild pecans will reproduce from seed- baker, butter. Georgia syrup, oatiti.eal, the delicate parts of the flower, but
lings about like what is planted, but Irish potatoes, milk, cereal coffee and \\lwat is more destructive, it poisons
choice nuts will not, and can be repro- sugar. Sometimes we have fried bees and other insects that are bene-
duced by grafting and budding. We miush, fruits and jellies. ticial in pollenizing the blossoms. It
have to plant thousands of select nuts Our dinner generally varies accord- would be impossible to grow fruit prof-
to get a desired type. Nothing that is ing to the season. Meat comes to the itably without the aid of insects.
planted fromthe seed deteriorates like table only twice a week. The bill of Spraying fruit trees should be done
the pecan. It will be found that while fare usually consists of rice or peas, specifically and for a definite purpose,
the pecan does fairly well on moist beans or macaroni, some two or more not on glenera.l principles because some-
land it takes the direct influence of of these; Georgia syrup, beets, toma- one has said it is beneficial. A gener-
water for profitable crops and well- toes, eggplants, potatoes, soup, bread al understanding of the principles and
filled nuts, hence any one having a and cereal coffee. Cereal coffee is reasons for so doing is absolutely nec-
hydrant, irrigating ditch or overflowed made by the colonists as one of their essary.
land has got the whole secret in pecan main industries. Bordcaux mixture is used only to
culture. For supper, cheese in some form, prevent and stop the ravages of plant
"I think the state should take enough lemonade, cake, rice or beans, sugar, dis:ese such as apple scab and San
interest in this, one of its many natur- grits, mush, fried potatoes, cold tea, .lose scale, though it destroys some in.
al resources, to appropriate sufficient and bread. The person visiting Rus- sects. Paris green is used to destroy
funds for the Agricultural and Me. kin and taking his meals in the com-i insects which eat the leaves, for in-
chanlcal College to enable that insti- unity dining room will have the stance, the potato beetle and canker
tution to give this as well as many Iaove bill of fare placed before him worm. Kerosene also is useful in kill-
kindred matters more investigation with slight variations. He will find ing insects which absorb the leaf and
than they receive. The pecan particu- that it is not only possible, but Dracti- hark juices, such as plant lice and
larly should be given great attention, cable, for people to live at a cost of scales.
I am glad to say that many people are seen to nine cents a day per capital. j Each individual must become per-
awakening to the value of the pecan, It is not merely existing, but the meals sonally acquainted with the habits of
both as a fruit and for shade. It is are wholesome, satisfying and well the insect he is fighting, learn its pe-
TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Por polishia, cleaning
o r washing orannes
__ and lemons, without
injury. and a slight ex-
YOU OUGHT TO KNOW
verythinr btweens thoe oen
B 'meII. .thl. p t .m
elnaMe II...w s Me.e rebeit b-.h
Dl d nllnotewe.ridl We ..Iil the fwitniMo--ht
a ty l.n Hurr.y ymro der. sne
ReilsMb ,sgetr & kinder ,e Q .lb.l
O IHM COCAINE WHISKY
SPlUMl Habits Ored at mV stor-
i "" o m, day HUndredL
of referena 2f yr pia Y oo on
Horn. lrI nlt -ent FREE. Ad.ir.ms
B. M. WOOLLEY, M. D., Atlanta, Ca.
RAiMoostoo k Co.Main0
* Put OlaUs r t-
.HEN RV2 Ei.wma.L& Co0..'
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
--~-,g and Lawn, Palms.
s Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic and
I. iE \ i\Fruit-bearing trees,
sorts of Decorative
... .Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
\- well as the South.
Itare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros.,
FOUR 000D I^MS nn i
luep55. 4iaWholsrr ls. BMTsth. 1>n...La
a ftil. Weeno esotsua o hclo os, Mi 1f5s
U.S. Boom & lrt O., 1111M4. f sT, Cllh.H. %
culiarities and find out it it is in suffi-
cient numbers to require careful, sys-
tematic work to get rid of it or it a
slight spraying of his particular medi-
cine will be sufficient. Some insects
are thoroughly distributed v4iile others
are found only locally. Spraying can
not be done by rule as conditions are
constantly changing and each year
brings forth a new pest or a change in
conditions or numbers of the old one.
There are a few insects such as the
apple scab and the codling moth which
are acclimated very thoroughly over a
wide area and we confidently expect
a visit from them each year. It sl well
to prepare a poison for them regularly.
Bordeaux mixture is a simple prepara-
lion consisting of copper sulphate, 4
pounds; lime. 3 pounds; water, 45 gal-
lons. To prepare for use, dissolve the
copper sulphate in hot water or by
suspension in a coarse cloth with con-
siderable cold water so that the sul-
phate is covered. It will not com-
pletely dissolve if placed in the bottom
of a vessel with cold water. Use part
of the water to slack the lime. Add
it in the form of a thin whitewash,
strain if necessary to remove particles
that would clog the sprayer nozzle. The
mixture should be thoroughly stirred
while the lime is being added. It is
necessary to have the copper solution
vi ry thin before the lime is added in
order to prevent a precipitation.
By systematically arranging a series
of illustrations, it is intended to con-
vey to the Pan-American visitor, espe-
cially the fruit grower, information
that is valuable. Methods and para-
phernalia constructed on the most ap-
iro( c'l principles will indicate the drift
of scientific investigation, which must
prove to be of great benefit.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ***
frauds in tore eeoods he likes it or whether he hates it. No- grass (Eleusine indica), little crowfoot The Successful Farmer.
Any kind of agricultural seed more body is compelled or asked to hold the (I -l.a...vlc.ttenilumnl iegytincumn). pigeon The man who makes the farm pay is
than two years old is weaker in vi- umbrella for competitors to sell under. grass (Setaria giauca), and. in the far a busy man but there are some things
tality than fresh stock of this year's Every man Jack of them hais to re- South. spur grass (Cenchrus echina- lie does not let his busy life prevent
growing. It has been repeatedly prov- port his crop and delivw, Itus). and Mexican clover, (IRichards- attending to.
ed that age weakens the vitality of ernmenLt such a part of it as the Fi- onia seabra). Of the native, perennial He is never too busy to keep up
seeds, deterioration progressing with nance ,Minister determines. These grasses, perhaps the most important with his work. The way he accom-
greater rapidity each year. The men- government currants are placed in belong to the genus Paspalum, Louisi- plishes so much is to have everything
tlon of a fact that is well known but warehouses and disposed of for what ana grass (I'aspalum platycaule) being in season. He is never too busy to
little appreciated as affecting the sue- they will bring for wine or other "ly- the most common and best known. plan out his work, days, weeks and
cess of gardening and truck growing, products." They are effectively re- L'anicum serotinum is also a valuable months ahead.
will illustrate in a measure the truth moved from the currant market. pasture grass over extensive areas. I He finds time to keep up with mod-
of this statement. Every winter or ear- This year the currant crop is very The broom sedges (Andropogen spe- erii methods and discoveries, and is a
ly in the spring there will be seen in short and could apparently be sold at cies), early in the season, make the deep student of those sciences which
nearly all country stores a box of gar- fair prices, but the Finance Minister bulk of the grazing on thin, dry soils. "pply to his Ibusiness.
den and field seeds, put up in small has ordered 10 per cent. of the crop Tl'hrte other widely known forage I lie linds lime to attend the meetings
packets and in bulk lots, bearing loud into the retention houses and prices plants. belonging to neither of these of farmers and 'listen to the papers,
lithographs and the year--180, for in- are imoulnting skyward. ihe propor- classes. must be mentioned. Johnson | discussions and lectures given for his
stance-together with a statement con- tion of the crop to be reserved is de- grass, dreaded as a weed, yet esteemed Iwnetit.
ceerning the "freshness" of the seeds. termined on tile advice of delegates of as a forage plant, is an introduced per- lie find. time to attend the poultry,
This writer has bought a great many the growers. Concerning this year's eunnial grass, highly valued for hay. cattle and horse shows, and local fairs
dollars' worth of these seeds and is retention stock "the Finance .Mlinis- Japan clover (Lespedeza striata) is per- and expositions where agriculture and
able to prove that in a large majority ter has declared to the delegates that haps the most valuable pasture maker, kindred vocations are given attention.
of cases the percentage of germination upon no pretext whatever will the for the largest area, in the Southern lie is never too busy to see that his
was below 43 per cent., frequently le- government yield to the clamor of States, while both for hay and for stock is rightly treated. His horses
low 25 per cent., facts not due to um- those who plead for putting the fruit grazing Bermuda is king among grass- are carefully groomed after the day's
favorable conditions affecting germin- held by the retention service on ,he es throughout the South." work. and his hogs and cows are never
action, but due wholly, we believe, to market. This fruit, which the gov- Forage Plants.-There are many for- without an abundance of pure, fresh
the weakened vitality of the seeds ernment gives as of about 2,0.t., age plants which do not belong to the water.
used. will be sold for distilling purposes.in order Gramineae. The greater propor- lie is never too busy to take care of
Upon inquiry on one occasion, we accordance with the strci leg isiit.ve tion of these, and those which are gen- his farm machinery as soon as through
learned from the country merchant prescriptions. rally regarded as the most valuable, using it for tile season, painting and
froin whom we purchased the seeds blielong to the Leguminosae, or family oiling all exposed parts.
that all packets of seeds not sold were Agrostology. of legume-bearing plants, which in- lie finds time for repairing of all
returned to the seedsman whose name The United States Department of 'lu'ls the clovers, vetches, beans, the farm buildings as soon as they
the box bore. Investigation of the mat- Agriculture has reprinted from the penias, lupines, etc. Theie are seventy need it. and never neglects needed re-
ter developed the fact that in many 1889 year book a pamphlet on the varieties of native clovers, ninety lu- pairs.
instances returned seeds are opened Progress of Economic and Scientific pines. forty vetches and half as lie finds tine to cut all the weeds
and piled, each variety by itself, in the Agrostology, from which the following many wild beans, from among which
seed warehouse, and a percentage of digest is taken: doubtless selections can be made of va-
fresh or new seeds added to each pile, Definition of Agrostology. The rieties possessing special qualities su-
which is again put as before and la- science of agrostology, strictly speak- perior to any of those now cultivated.
beled fresh seeds. This process may g, relates only to the tre grasses he leguminous forage crops, which
be carried on to the extent of pack- and an agrostologist is one who has io play such an important part in ag-
ing some seeds five or six years old, made special study of these plants; liculture, were made the subject of a
perhaps much older. It is of course but in the present paper the term is papeook for 18. The cultivation ofYear-
pure swindling. The moral is: Don't used in a broad sense and embraces not hook for 18lt. The cultivation of
buy seeds at the grocery store. The only the true grasses, but all other pas- d thei A T rat I E.easi re r
merchant may be a good fellow and ture and fodder plants. In this broad eir great value as soil renovators
merit all the business be gets, but he sense the subject becomes one of the and cheap producers of fodder, rich in
should not be the dispenser of seeds greatest economic importane, in oe o ds, is becomingTHEGREATESTOFSPECIALI
which the buyer will find unsatlsfac- which every citizen of the Unite po"'re and lorete widely known and ap- O en TO UPI
tory. He doesn't make much out of States is more or less directly Keferrig briefly to the OFFERS TO THE SUFFERING
the seed business anyway-merely a ested, history of tle cultivation of these S SERVICES AND
small commission. Grazing and Forage Problems in the plants, the writer of the paper in ques-
As a rule, to which of course there South.-The grazing and foraging tion states: REMEDIES.
are exceptions, the farmer in quest of problems in the South are of great im- "'The oldest cultivated forage plants
reliable seeds should do business with portance. Keen competition is forcing and the best for enriching the soil are ton Hathaway has nade ya specDty. Fea.
the catalogue houses. Some of the the planters to adopt more diversified "hose of thile clover family. Not one Diseases. During that time he has had among
seedsmen who have built up fine repu. systems of agriculture. Four hundred "f the now well-known hay or pasture his patients over ten thou.
stations can not afford to sell any other species of grasses occur in areas in grasses has been cultivated more than and women, suffering from all
than good seeds, and it is not often these states which may profitably be 300 years, while a number of legumin- those many different ea-
that complaint is made of their stock. devoted to meadows and pastures. ous crops have been grown for forage plant cpeteniarto thesex.aMl
At the same time, there are honest, re- While investigations have been going from prehistoric times. The chick- uenty cured more than par
liable seed growers, who have not been on in the West, a study of those grass- Ipen, or gram, dates back full thirty cent. or the eases he les
in business long enough to establish es most likely to succeed and at the centuries. It is today one of the lead- treated. -
for themselves more than local repu- same time meet the needs of stock rais- ing grain crops ilid soil renovators of By his exclusive medao.
stations, from whom it would be safe ers and dairymen in the South has SPaini, India and Central Asia. hi the twhaspertyfete ye drl
atons the twenty-five years of lii
to purchase seeds. These growers ad- bIeen made a feature of the work of "Alfalfa, which is recognized as the most extensive practice. helsenabledtoeureal
vettise in the agricultural papers in the the division, particular attention hav- best forage plant in the semi-arid of these different diseases. including painful
winter. If you try one of them and inug been given to the native forage \Western States, or wherever depend- i profuse or suppressed menstruation, prolap.s.
find the goods satisfactory it may be plants and the best methods to be eni- enee must be placed upon irrigation, i LL ovarian trole. tumors and uleeratiem--
fact, every form of those diseases which makea
just as well as not to continue patron, played in maintaining or improving the was cultivated by the Romans at burden of life to the ereat majority of women.
izing him so long as he does the square existing pastures and forage supplies. least 200 years before the commence- I He has so periceted this system of his that be
.Ihing by you. In co-operation with the experiment inent of the Christian era. The soy can treat these cases' by mal., without anyper-
Some people are too much given to station at Knoxville, Tenn., trial culti- beans have been grown in China and sonal examination (to which every sentttve
the practice "anything for a change." ovation of many varieties of grass and JIapan aind lentils in Hungary from pre- woman naturally ojects)nd uen t aain and opae-
: ation, with its consequent pain and neeusary
In the case of changing seedsmen other fodder plants has been made. historic times. The field pea, originally danger
there is fine opportunity of getting the Field work has been carried on in the from Northern litaly, was introduced I His system of treatment is taken in the prt-
worst of the bargain. Obtain your states of 1Mississippi, Alabama, Louisi- into cultivation eight or ten centuries' vacyof the home; the cure Is painless and ilt
garden, farm and field seeds from the ana, Georgia, Florida, North Carolina ago. Sainfoin was grown in France positive. LOW FE.
grower who supplies you good stock, and South Carolina, and a large and red clover in Media during the] write him a letter stating briefly your coi-
strong in germinating power and true amount of material of both botanical early years of tile fifteenth century, tlon and he will send you a blank to be filled out
to name. Vitality is the all-important and practical interest has been gathl- while, or I-Dutchi clover in Holland at He willgiveyour ease his personal atteatiomaid
consideration, for by it germination is erel by direct observation or through the beginning of the eighteenth cen- i ce and make his fee so moderate (inelmulalga
medicines necessary) that you will not feel tim
most affected, the following other correspondence. Several bulletins tury. Sulla, which is largely grown In burden of the payment, and he will gamautee
items being catalogued in their order bearing upon this work have been pub- Southern litaly and Northern Africa, you a positivecure. Address.,
as coming next: Heat, moisture, and lished. The first bulletin issued by tile and which seems to be admirably d. NWTON HATHAWAY. M.S.
oxygen.-Farmer's Voice. division was "Notes on the Grasses and adapted to well-drained soils in Florida Dr. Hrthaw o..
a TForage Plants of the SCutheastern and the Gulf States, was first introduc- UsBrfanStweet, s8veNa..m
A Government nruit Trust. States," and the following is taken ed into cultivation in 17(i6. The cow MRTION THIS PAPEnR WHEN wrrIINo.
As evidence that trusts are not con- from the introduction to this bulletin: pea has been known in this country
fined to the United States or fruit "Very few plants are widely culti- nearly as long as sulla. Alsike, or BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
trusts to California, we may take the rated in the South for hay or pastur- Swedish clover, was taken up as a for- tE'or use i, granaries to kill weevil, to de-
currant trust conducted by the govern- age, the farmer relying for the most age about thirty years later, while dur- stroy rats and gophers and to keep In
ment of Greece for the benefit of the part upon the wild grasses. These ing this century, and within recent sets from the seed. etc.
producers of that country. The cur- may be roughly divided into two class- years, a score or more of valuable le- 20 CENTS PER POUND,
rant trust Is conducted in accordance es, the first comprising introduced gumes have been brought to the atten- put up in ien and fifteen pound san
with what is known as the "retention grasses, mostly annuals, which spring tion of the farmer, and hardly a year E. O. PAINTER A CO., Jacksouvlle
act" and is managed by the Finance up on cultivated land after the regular passes that new ones are not added to ~ O. PAINTER & CO., J** k vllk:
Minister of the government. The crops have been removed; the second, the list.
modus operandi is very simple, and native grasses, the majority perennials, One of the most recently introduced f -' '
consists merely in withholding from which make the bulk of the pasturage. and promising of the leguminous 547 L
market a sufficient quantity of the Of the first-class, by far the most im- plants is the velvet bean, a native of
product to assure the sale of the re- portant is a crab grass (Panicum san- India. Its range of profitable cultiva- POSITIONS GUARANTRUD,
mainder at a high or at least satisfac- guinale) which forms a great part of tion is limited to. the Southern States. Under ~0000 Oash Depolt.
tory price. There is no nonsense the volunteer hay crop of the South The velvet bean is fully described and UlJeSIM emym
about this currant trust. The horny- Atlantic and Gulf States. With it are illustrated in Circular No. 14 of the agtiw.1 iLease Tar s l
handed farmer is not asked whether often associated crowfoot or barn Division of Agrostology. g- -
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
in the fence corners and other nooks age price." "Is the demand Increas-
about the farm, and does not allow the ing?" we asked. "Yes; the more this
road bordering his farm to grow fruit is known, the more popular it be-
weeds and ripen seeds to seed his farm. comes. We can hardly secure enough
He finds time to work his garden, now to supply the demand." These
cultivate his orchard and care for the facts set up a new train of thought.
trees and shrubs about his farm. Here was a product grown as easily
He finds time to buiil and keep up in Florida as a weed, and yet it has
a neat little lawn with choice Ibds of never been thought of as a market
flowers and ornamental shrubbery. ',op. T'he fruit we saw was inferior
He in not a slave to tile soil. but in some respects to the Florida grown
finds time to mix with society and do fruit. It lacked the brilliancy of color
his duty in s4moial, political lan relig- of that grown in our tropical regions.
ions affairs. In size it averaged a little larger. Both
ate is never too busy but he can the sweet and sour varieties thrive
spend a few moments dressing up be- well in all classes of pine and hammock
fore going into town or to a neighbor's. lands in Florida. Usually they have
He knows nothing is lost by dressing Ieen planted more as an ornamental
as a gentleman. bush than for the fruit. Would it not
He finds time for a little vacation we well for those having bushes to fer-
occasionally with his faithful wife, for tilize them well, and make an experl-
his attention to details has made his mnent of shipping the fruit? From
farm a paying institution and he can what we know of the habits of the
afford It. bush, Its freeness in fruiting and its
In his old age he finds time to rest hardiness, we would advise planting it
from his labors and enjoy the satis- for a market crop. East Coast
faction of knowing that he has earned Ilome-Seeker.
his reward and has been a benefit to
his fellowmen by the lesson, his farm The Sonora Orange Crop.
has been to his nelghbors.-J. L. I. in The Packer In its Issue of Novem-
Journal of Agriculture. ber 17th. published a statement made
e a by Thos. Luketich of Hermosillo,
Careful Packing. Sonora. Mexico, that the Sonora crop
During our visit in New York City, would be larger this season and that
we called upon a large number of com- his firm would handle 275 cars.
mission houses to gain what informa- The following letter from the well-
tlon we could that might be of use known Mexican orange handler Ever-
to our truckers. In every instance we elt P. Teasdale, of Miller & Teasdale,
found these men singing the praises St. Louis. will be of interest, showing
of vegetables grown along the lower by recent observations just what is the
East Coast In nearly every Instance size of the Sonora crop:
we heard but one complaint, and that San Antonio. Tex., Nov. 25, 1900.
was of careless packing. Two com- Editor The Packer:
mission men said: "The best assorted Knowing newspaper men as I do, I:
and packed goods from Florida we regret to see them and the public de-
have handled came from Fort Lauder- ceived. I happened in here returning
dale. After we had received two or from Somora and am delayed by wash-
three shipments of these goods, the "outs in the great storm. I have been
buyers came back inquiring for those i" Mexico shipping oranges to my
particular brands. Before the season firm four mouths: the last six weeks
was over, the buyers never took the :have wee slpent in Sonora. Last year
trouble to look at the goods, and quick- was a big year in Sonora and 270 cars
ly paid us 25 to 50 cents per crate :of l "oxes were shipped. However,
above the market price. Poor assort- this yar will not Ie nearly so heavy
ing and poor packing is one of the :a11 the total shipments from all of
greatest mistakes a truck grower can Smo.ra Iby ill shippers will not reach
possibly make. When a consumer or over 2t'N cars of 3ti2 boxes each. I am
dealer gets bitten on one shipment, therefore at a loss to understand how
they never want any more of the same any shipper could quote himself that
brand. Indeed, It is hard to dispose of he would handle 275 cars alone as stat-
it at any price." Another said: "It ed in your issue of November 17th.
makes but little difference how low If it was so stated it is untrue and
tomatoes are, a well known package, should be corrected promptly as it
where the buyer is assured of first- gives a false impression to buyers and
class fruit, will always bring the parties interested. Our firm control
grower a good price. We get altogeth- and handle one-third to one-half the
er too many Inferior goods. Poor fruit entire Sonora crop. The fruit is fine
should never be shipped to this mar- quality this year. but much of the crop
ket, as it has a tendency to run the is undersize, not being large enough
price of good brands down." Another to ship will go to waste.
said: "We received a large amount of The season is about over in Sonora
Florida vegetables last year, and and very little fruit will be shipped
among them were quantities of well from now on.
packed goods, but badly assorted. You can state from one who knows
What we mean by this is, the fruit and can verify the statement at the
was badly assorted as to ripeness. In Nogales customs office that the total
the same crate there were fruit dead shipments of oranges from Sonora this
ripe and spoiled, while the balance was season will he about 200 cars of 362
altogether too green. A crate, which boxes each.
when opened up, shows uniform size I am on my way home after a stay
and color, always finds a buyer." An- in the different orange districts. I
other said: "If I were growing vege- hope, weather permitting, to "eat tur-
tables I would select a brand and have key" at home Thanksgiving, and you
it registered. Under this brand I would can say to my friends that I will be
pack only the finest fruit, taking care glad to be among them again, but pos-
in assorting as to ripeness. I would sibly fully as pleased at the prospect of
stencil on the crate ripe or green, as a "full dinner plate" the 29th.
the case might be. A farmer who will It will be gratifying to The Packers'
adopt this plan will surely make a workers to know that I was handed the
great success. Good fruit well packed latest Packert this morning here at the
is always in demand."-Homeseeker. "Menger" hotel, on my arrival and read
S it over the best breakfast I have had
While spending a few days in New
York City, we were surprised to find a
considerable quantity of pomegranates
(imported) in the market. Seeing sev-
eral boxes at a well known Warren
street commission house, our curiosi-
ty was aroused and we sought one
of the proprietors to ascertain if there
was a market for the fruit. He in-
formed us that he had been handling
imported pomegranate for years, and
that among certain classes it was very
popular. "What is it worth per box?"
we talked. "We are getting $5 to $6
.pr enre now; this is about the aver-
in four months (wouldn't that Jar
you); well. the breakfast was no more
gratifying, I asunre you, than a sight
of The Packer and possibly it added to
my satisfaction of the breakfast By
the way, friends, you have several sub
scribers now In Mexico through a kind.
ly word of "a friend."-St. Louis Pack
Sugar vs. Baceharin.
Saccharin, as our readers well know
is a synthetic product derived of coa
tar. Its characteristic.quality is tht
immense sweetening power possesei
by it. When we dissolve one gramnm
of saccharin in seventy cubic delime
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
sad everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting .t .W.. *Ak Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CAR RAR PAINT. IRON PIPE. BOILERS ArD PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
Premium Offer No
Mad stem-st watch, guarantd by th
sion atoao to THE FLORIDA A
. Any one sending us a new Subscriber and
S $20 will receive an open-face, stem-wind
emanufactu for one year. Snd yor Mbcrp-
GRICULTURIST, Jacksonvill, Fla.
iers of distilled water, the solution will through sugar. From this point of
still show a pronouncedly sweet taste, view saccharin represents merely a
while the utmost proportion in which sweetening spice which, like many oth-
we are able to detect the sweetening er spices, has no nutritive value.-La.
power of refined sugar is 4 grammes Planter.
of sugar to one cubic decimeter of wa- *
ter. Hence it follows that the sweet- EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
ening value of saccharin is about 250 TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
to 300 times greater than that of sugar, SLOAN'S LINIMENT.
or, in other words, one gramme of the Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
artificial article will give the same re- Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
suit as 300 grammes of the natural Dear Sir:-Some months since your
product, as far as sweetening is con- traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
cerned. presented to me a few sample bottles
In sugar, however, we appreciate not of your liniment, insisting that I give
only its sweetening value and, in our it a fair trial when occasion might de-
household, sugar is not merely consid- mand. Since that time several instan-
ered a spice, as of far greater import- ces with tenants on my plantation re-
ance to us is its value as a nutriment. quiring a remedy of this kind turned
Hardly a month passes that we do not up, and must say with candor it act-
find in one of the scientific Journals ed like a charm and was perfectly
dealing with physiological questions, marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
the announcement of a new fact it is a remedy that fully merits all that
strengthening this assertion, and the is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
-ever-increasing amount of sugar con- commend it to all people suffering with
sumed by all nations is undoubtedly any complaint requiring antiseptic.
the Iest proof for this. As to saccha- (Signed) Robert Lowry,
rin, it is altogether different. By the Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
most thorough scientific experiments it ,
has been shown that this article has One Copy Worth a Year's Subacrip
no value whatever as a nutrient. It tion.
will pass the animal body without g. O. paiter ., Jeksr4Ue, iV.
leaving a particle to help in the restor- Gentlemen:-I have considered your
atlon and renovation of its faculties. state my future home and may get
Therefore, if we were to replace in our there yet. The Agriculturist has given
food the amount of sugar consum- me more pointers than any paper I
ed at present, by an equivalent amount have -ead, even for this and more
of saccharin, we would have to In- northern latitudes. Many an item has
clude in our meals some other food 'een worth the year's subscription.
containing the same quantity of carbo- W. H. Chaddock,
hydrates which now our body receives Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17, 1900.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. TM
Realizing as we do that many of our
readers frequently need the advice of a
skilled Veterinary Surgeon, and that they
are not always in a position to secure fhe
services of such. we have arranged. for
'the benefit of our readers, with Dr. W. E.
French, of Daytona. Fla.. a Veterinary
Surgeon and dentist, wh'o will answer all
inquiries relating to the ailments of do-
mesticated animals, through the columns
of this paper free of charge. Should any
wish advice requiring an extended answer
by mail, they should enclose one dollar
for reply which will cover the case fully.
The affection of the horse is some-
times displayed in joyous gambols and
familiar caresses, like those of the dog.
though like the man in the fable
Who was einbraied by his ass. one
would willingly dis|lwnse with such
Alexander the (Ircat possessed the
famous horse Bueephalus. The animal
was a piebald. white clotlded with
large. deep bay spots. He was pur-
chased for sixteen talents, out of the
pastures of Pharsalia, where were
reared many of the renowned Parth-
Ian cavalry-a stock distinguished by
a muscular form. excellent feet, and
great courage, combined with gentle-
ness. History says this horse attach-
ed himself so entirely to his master
that he refused to be mounted by any
other rider. Through a long course of
years he was companion of the toils
and dangers of the mighty conqueror.
and shared accordingly the extraordi-
nary tokens of his regard. When he
was lost for a time, in the country of
the Uxil, Alexander issued a proclama-
tion commanding his horse to be restor-
ed. and threatening, unless he were
obeyed, to ravage the whole country
with fire and sword. The mandate
was successful, and Bucephalus was
immediately forthcoming. He was
ridden by the monarch at the battle of
the Hydaspes, and there received his
death wound. The gallant steed in-
stantly galloped out of the fight.
brought Alexander to a place of safe-
ty, knelt, as was his custom, for him
to alight, and thus having, like a true
and faithful servant, discharged his
duty to the end, trembled, dropped,
and died. Alexander built a city to
his memory, which he called after his
Though Providence seems to have
implanted in the horse a benevolent
disposition, with, at the same time, a
certain awe of the human race. yet
there are instances on record of his
recollecting injuries and fearfully re-
venging them. A person, near Boston.
was in the habit, whenever he wished
to catch his horse in the field, of tak.
ing a quantity of corn in a measure
by way of bait. On calling -to him
the horse would come up and eat the
corn while the bridle was put over his
head. But the owner, having deceived
the animal several times by calling
him when he had no corn in the meas-
ure. the horse at length began to sus-
pect the design, and. coming up one
day as usual, on being called. looked
into the measure, and, seeing it empty.
turned around, reared on his hindlegs,
and killed his master on the spot.
Revenge and Obstinacy.-Occasional-
ly the horse displays unparalleled ob-
stinacy, suffering himself to be lashed
and bruised in the severest manner
rather than yield to the wishes of his
master. In most instances there is
some discoverable cause for such per-
versity. though in some there appears
to be no other impulse save that of a
stubborn and wilful disposition. Many
have witnessed a draft horse, working
lustily and cheerfully, all at once stand
still on coming to a certain spot; and
no coaxing that could be offered or
punishment that could be inflicted
would cause him to move one step un-
til he was blind-folded, and then he
would push forward as if nothing had
happened. One one occasion an ex-
pressman's horse took one of these ob-
stinate fits. The most shameful tor-
tures were had recourse to by the ex-
pressman, but all to no purpose. It
seemed as though the animal would
allow himself to be cut to pieces rath-
er than stir one foot. As a last re-
course the expressman threw a chain
around the animal's neck to yoke it
to another horse, but no sooner did
the obstinate animal perceive the pur-
pose in view than he rushed forward,
and afterwards the mere jingling of
a chain was sufficient to put him out
of the sulks. I
instances of the horse's memory un-
der circumstances the most trying-,
in fact, where man himself, for the
time being, has relied solely on the in- i
telligence and memory of his steed
in preference to his own-are many.
and place the horse in a highly credit-
An instance is on record of a man
riding a young horse in a most difi-
cult part of the country, perfectly un-
known to him. After a great deal of
perseverance and many inquiries he
at last reached his destination. Two
years later he had occasion to travel
the same roads again. Night closed
in and left him in a most trying-sec-
tion of his journey, still many miles
from his destination. In the darkness
there was no light or other guide to
lead him through his labyrinthian way.
Perceiving his utter impotency to
guide his horse to his destination, in
sheer despair he abandoned the reins
and allowed the horse to choose its
own course, and, wonderful to relate,
this animal, that had only traveled the
road but once before, two years prev-
ious, with his master, unerringly pick-
ed his way through the darkness and
mazy way. mile after mile, and at last
brought his master in safety to his des-
Especially necessary are they to
growing animals and to cows yielding
a large supply of milk to replace the
drain upon the animal system.
My attention was first called to the
need of ashes for cattle in observing
any own cows rush to a place burned
during a dry summer. These cows ate
the hot ashes, too impatient to wait
for the ground to cool, so urgent was
nature's demand for bone forming ma-
terial. These animals were grazed up-
on a large pasture, divided about equal-
ly between stony upland and alluvial
At this time experiments had not
been made in feeding hogs upon corn-
meal without ashes, and the trial of
the breaking strength of the bones of
animals thus fed. as compared with
those fed on Ibth ashes and cornmeal.
This experiment demonstrated that
ashes supplied the needed bone fornm-
illa;g material to the hogs. Bones of
hogs fed on ashes required more than
double the force to fracture that broke
the bones of those that ate no ashes.
My cows told me as plainly as pos-
sible that ashes were necessary to
their welfare. The bone development
of cattle and horses raised upon a soil
full of limestone, as in middle Ken-
tucky and middle Tennessee, shows
the observer the presence of bone form-
ing material in plenty by nature, with-
out being helped out by man. The
first extraordinary successful stock-
raiser to artificially supply bone form-
ing material to growing colts that I
remember was the late Governor Le-
land Stanford of California.
Ils California bone-fed colts held
nearly if not quite all, the trotting
records for some years.
I do not question the benefit of his
method of training, which was entirely
original with him, but one must first
have the perfect physical animal be-
fore the trainer's art can bring suc-
cess. What California soil lacked to
equal Kentucky as a horse-raising sec-
tion Governor Stanford supplied.
It is the stock-raiser's duty to study
and give all that animals require to
reach their highest physical develop-
nient. When people shall learn this
lesson, one part of the United States
will not necessarily produce animals
greatly superior to any other part.
All of our favored country, except
possibly tile extreme southern portion,
enjoys killing frosts and freezes that
steai necessary to the highest domes-
tic animal development.
Except the ass. which in Europe
where used. is better the further south
I have observed him, all domestic ani-
Sound Kidneys Insure Good Health.
Mr. John t. Corlies, Secretary of the Cownl Blus, Is., Athlet Ameadim-
was cured of kidney trouble by Perna. Hoanys:
"I m a flrm believer la Prmm. I' th- yea s I MlM d w aw m
treaMe d. t I M r ldyd and etA etr rar.em, 7tar ma mraleaM rweY
midfI. I usiA Prr k IaMb ha IMw agems reeks a r am W 0 = l
uimevd me nrthtb of suhda
"l am In oxmllent lMath, amvw 8 twm M Il rf pma An w ad Am~
ht better la my oM."
Hon. D. L. Jayeox, Chaplain of the Ord Army of the Republic, wrt fom
85 Broadway, Oakland, Cala:
"slam a oM war tearan. Ic, i Ftn t se ~r Mladdr srtMa Ly I
speat Shudreds delfar andr m aHo ed a heat of d hm at rl me
-Plana&ly e of my anmmwrde wh adm an cmrd Ar Parnms, afde m
to try L I at a he hoght a o. and Antd Ithelped me s A tk Ith at &
W -S It for nrly feu meauthe.
"Permas Aes prmvem the best me Idml emr er~ M smypas am ene, ad lI
bellrm myself to be cmd. I feel wlrl WMM o ho wfthel a b etle Ie
time of need r teA tIaes Its Cest."
Mrs. Mary Lwler. of Appleton, Wi., If the kidney are healthy they will
was cured of kidney trouble by Peruna. excrete the poison from the blood. The
In a recent letter to Dr. Hartman, she renal veins return the purified blood
says: "Lst AugustI caught a summer from the kidneys to the general er-
cold which settled in the kidneys and elation.
causedmeseriousinconvenience. Noth- Peruna stimulates the kidneys to ex-
ing I did seemed to help me and the create from the blood the accumulating
doctor advised a change of climate. As poison, and thus prevents the convul-
that was out of the question for me, I ions which are sure to follow If the
tried Perna aaas lst resort,and Ifound poisons are allowed to remain. It gives
it was a God-send to me." great vigor to the heart's action and
The kidneys are the natural gateway digestive system, both of which are pt
out of which much of the waste tissue to fail rapidly in this disease.
finds its escape. This waste matter be- Kidney diseases are more liable in
comes a very poisonous substance f .al- summer than in winter. Send for a
lowed to accumulate. The renal artery copy of "Summer Catarrh," written by
brings the blood charged with imprii- Dr. Hartman. This book will be sent
Ure to the kidney, free to any address upon application.
maals appear to reach the highest types
where tile winters are truly severe.
and ice and snow abound.
I have noticed the same from Yu-
catan to Texas on our continent, with
horses, sheep and horned cattle.
I.ime is the principle ingredient of
bones, and if the soil, the drinking
water and the foods do not supply en-
ough to horses and cattle, man must
make available to them assimilable
Governor Stanford was the most suc-
cessful breeder, owner and winner on
the trotting course the world has ever
known and he supplied his horses with
lime dissolved in water. Mr. R. H.
Plant of Georgia, the third largest win-
ner on the track this year, uses lime
the same way as Governor Stanford.
Indeed this is the custom among many
of the best racing stables.
The Ingredient our correspondent for-
got is the leading one needed, viz.;
lime. In summer with horses and cat-
tle at pasture as mine are, and most
farmers in Georgia. where brooks
abound have the same conditions, we
can not well give lime water to drink
to grazing animals. The stock should
have to be fenced away from springs
and branches: an expensive and troub-
lesome thing to do on a grazing farm.
Hence, I keep a box of salt, ashes
and lime, equal parts, in the pasture
where every horse, mule. cow and calf
can eat what amount nature prompts.
In cases of softening of the bones
called hollow tall in cows by some, or
the enlargement of the bones of the
nose of thie horse, preceded by stiffness
of the joints, usually called by farm-
ers big head. it is bent to use phos-
phate of lime. instead of pure lime.
Phosphate of lime and hyposulphite
of soda supply to the animal system
the needed mineral constituents in a
more rapidly available form. Prop-
erly administered they do arrest the
disease and effect a cure of the so-
called incurable affection, big head, as
well as softening of the bones in the
cow, called by farmers hollow tall.
The effort of the stock raiser should
lie to shun these diseases by furnish-
ing growing animals all necessary
bone, muscle and fat forming foods in
proper proportion. To avoid the neces-
sity of giving medicine is the very
best practice.-B. W. Hunt In Atlanta
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksonvile. FIs.
Gentlemen:-In reply to yours of the
18th, will say that the fertilizers re-
ceived from E. O. Painter & Co, have
been perfectly satisfactory In every re.
T. H. Chambers.
Georgiana. Fla.. September 24. 1900.
THE U. 8. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most effilent In preventaig and
curing Hog and Ohleken Cholera aad
kindred diseases It Is also a tne con-
dition powder. Sales are Increasin. If
your dealer don't keep It we will ma
it to you on receIpt of price Me per %
I. Liberal discount to dealers ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. KLislmmee. SSa Lt
7T0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
V TSIS3ZK DEPARTMENT.
All emrimations or inquiries for thi, de-
ptuneat should be addressed to
ertillser Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Answers to Correspondents.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
I have some bearing orange trees
under which the chickens run and
feed, so that the trees are pretty well
fertilized now. but they do not bear
many oranges. Now what I want to
know, is, the kind of fertilizer to aD-
ply to make them bear. S. J..
Your trees evidently require a
change of diet in the form of phosphor-
ic acid and potash. We will recom-
mend you to use fifteen pounds of a
fertilizer made up by either of the two
formulas given here: 1,000 low grade
potash, and 1,000 pounds of dissolved
bone black, or 800 pounds of low
grade potash and 1,200 pounds of acid
phosphate. You can order these goods
tn the amounts that you want and mix
them yourself, or order them already
mixed, from some reliable house.
dittor Fertilizer erpartmcnt:
I find much of value in your deuart-
meat, and I want information which
many here and at other points where
saw mills are located, that give us
many unbleached ashes, will find of ben-
efit. What other fertilizer and in what
proportion can I put with ashes to
make a complete fertilizer for aspara-
gus, pecan trees, potatoes and general
gardening? A large amount of our
ashes, here, are from pine. though
some hickory slabs are burned.
I have a large compost heap, princi-
pally composed of forest leaves, some
stable manure and night soil, well rot-
ted. What other fertilizer with these
wood ashes and in what proportion,
will make a complete fertilizer?
C. E. W.
We would not advise you to mix
ashes with fertilizer materials except
in your compost heap. If you are mak-
ing a compost heap of oak-leaves, sta-
ble manure, etc., you can mix in the
ashes in about the proportion of one-
eighth. Pine ashes contain but very
little potash. We would advise you
to use the ashes broadcast on your
soil sometime before you expect to
plant and figure on the ashes as simply
putting your soil in the proper shape
for best results. Then fertilize your
plants later, with a reliable fertilizer,
and you will get best results. It is im-
possible for us to tell just what to add
to your compost heap to make a com-
plete fertilizer without making an an-
alysis of same. From past experience,
we would advise yon not to waste
much ground on asparagus culture. It
is one of the things that does not seem
to yield to any treatment that we are
able to give it.
Bditor Fertilizer Department:
We want a fertilizer for our ham-
mock lands. We do not know what
ingredients it now contains. What
would you advise for onions, tomatoes,
potatoes, etc. We have tons of hard-
wood ashes that we would want to use.
D. W. S.
Our reply to C. E. W. in regard to
ashes will also fit your case. For on'
ions, tomatoes, etc.. you want a ferti-
liuer that should analyze 3 to 6 per
cent. ammonia; 9 to 11 per cent. not-
ash; and 6 to 7 per cent. phosphoric
acid. For the potatoes, the fertilizer
should not have over 31/2 to 4 per cent.
ammonia; 11 to 13 per cent. potash,
and 7 to 8 per cent. phosphoric aeld.
The formula for onions, etc., would be
000 pounds high grade blood and bone,
250 pounds nitrate of soda, 500 pounds quantities. Whatever the farmer may
mnuriate of potash, 6() pounds acid 1 neglect, lie should not neglect to keep
phosphate I a supply of muck ahead so as to have
phospate.it seasoned and sweet. S.
The formula for potatoes, 520 pounds '
high grade potash, 100 pounds sulphate Manure or Hay, WhichP
ammonia, 4tH) pounds high grade blood The only hope for the small Southern
and hone, WOl acid phosphate. farmer today is in "Intensive Farming."
Editor rtz I The only hope for intensive farming is
Editor Fertilizer Department:
I have noticed articles, lately in pa- in increasing the product from an acre.
pers. speaking of a die-back fertilizer How this can be done is the problem
that you wre sending out. Also Bor- in Southern farming today.
deaux mixture. Now I think that I All the agricultural writers advise us
have need of just such preparations, I to cut pea vines and convert them into
lind that my trees show what I think hay, rather than turn them into the
i. seies of .li.llck. it only shos ground for fertilizer and humus. In the
is thspecles owth made. It only so present condition of Southern farms it
on the last growth made. That you seems to me they are wrong. I know
might see just what it is, I entlohe a they base their advice upon the theory
twig. Please enlighten me on the sub- that to become prosperous the farmer
ject and advise me what to do. G. F. must raise more live stock, the man-
The twig you send us is troubled with ure from the stock to make the land
Melanose, one of the first indications more productive. Their intention is
of die-back, caused by overfeeding with doubtless good, but it is the purpose of
this communication to show that their
ammonia. 'We advise an application idea is wrong. That it is bad in the pres-
of our die-back fertilizer, which con- ent state of affairs is shown by the fact
tains only potash and phosphoric acid, that though they have preached it for
When the growth starts out in the several years it has had little or no ef-
spra with Bordex mixture. feet in increasing the fertility of the
average farm, or rather the aggregate
k for ndy Land. I fertility of farming lands at large. The
Xuck for Sandy Land.
litor Flor ,ida A riculturbt: j farmer is not in condition to appreciate
or Florida Aricuror act on this advice. Before he raises
tevelral yea-rs ago there was a muck enough stock for their manure to
fail. many oralng growers being made amount to much in fertilizing his farm,
to believe lhat :a hlludred loads of Ithat farm must be brought to the point
niuck hailed into their groves would be where it will grow double the amount
e(inal 1o dozenu tI'ns or oure of com- of stock food per acre that it now pro-
iiiercil fertilizer. O)nl Orange Lake a duces. This may seem a rather queer
d:'edg.e ,a.- Iult in operation with a statement, but the facts show that it is
io'ittoow 'ridge anrl a tranway lead- true. I seriously doubt whether there is
ing to tie shore. over which mulela general farmer in Georgia today who
twams Iauled hundreds of cords ashore. has brought up his lands by means of
(coverilng tlhe ground elseral inches stable manure. When the same acreage
deen. But, it was fundl that the raw. in corn that is now planted produces
sour Iuck wa' not !lte iiilacea 'vwich double the number of bushels of corn
it had been r'lpresentedll i, l ie and iuck it now produces, and the amount of pea
fell into lisri-pute. 'ilite Iuck thus de- vines that an acre grows is doubled,
posited was in ii ~cinldition to mix there will be kept more cattle and hogs
with the soil. s\o! ld n.t readily de- on the farm to eat them. And these
compose. and was so filled with vege- cattle and hogs will not be found on
table acids that it was not only of no these farms until this is done.
benefit to the trees, but a nositiv., in- Why should farmers in general raise
jury fo:. a ;imi ;,t leas!. pea vines to feed to cattle in the pres-
Whlen the grower fully understanslh ent condition of prices for cattle? There
the nature of inuek. he will not under- is not on the farms of Georgia today
take to make truck crops and fruit with any animal (hog or cattle) that was
it by applying it in a green state. but raised to be killed for food and which
will keep it exposed to the action of the owner wishes to sell. that cannot be
sun and air until the acid is all out and bought for less money than it would
most of the water: then it will begin take to feed it a year. if its feed was
to decompose and crumble and become gathered and given to it. It will take at
fine. which is just the condition requir- least from two to four tons of pea vine
ed for an absorbent. When muck be- hay to feed a young ox or heifer a year.
conies tine and crumbly. It is valuable, This hay is worth in the market about
not only to use as an absorbent in a $Io a ton (the writers say from $12 to
stable, but also to apply directly to the $15). For this ox you cannot get in the
soil if the land is high and somewhat local markets more than from $15 to
thirsty. Few materials can be applied $25. I confess I cannot see where the
to a sandy loa:in soil that in the end profit comes in in feeding $30 worth
will !rove so lieneticial as fine. dry, of pea vine hay to an animal that will
well-seasoned nuclk. It furnishes such not sell for more than $25 after it has
a soil just the material that it is most eaten the hay. Whether the animal is
deficient in. animely. decayed vege- too low or the hay too high, the fact
table matter; and when this material remains, that the farmer will lose $5
is free from acid. it is just as good ma- or more in the transaction, besides the
trial to form plant food as decayed trouble of feeding and the chances of
vegetation from any other source. the animal dying. In order to save the
With most muck. it is only a question manure for growing crops the animal
of time s to wlen it wilxl become free fed must be kept up in lot or stall.
from water ad most of the injurious Is it better to cut the pea vines for
acids. .gIuck lwill adare to the con- hay, and then sell the hay, than to turn
ition of plant food more rapidly if under the vines and convert them into
spread where it cn frequently stir- manure and humus.
read withere i and he frequently sti Suppose an acre of peas will make
red with the plow or cltivator-hand two tons of hay. This hay sells for u o
stirring is too expensive thus letting a ton in the market. According to the
in tle sun and air to oxygenate it. United States Department of agricul-
When onen ditches are to be dug ture this hay contains nearly $5 worth
through muck lind. (-onsiderable quan- of fertilizer to the ton. Peas are worth
tities of iinuk (-rn be got in this way. sixty cents a bushel, and a friend had
But wherever anid whenever muck is a crop of sole fifty bushels picked this
dug. it should be kept long enough to year for twenty-five cents a hundred
:lilow it to become well oxygenated and in the hull, which is probably a little
free froin acids. and when it is to be more than twenty cents a bushel. The
used in the winter as an absorbent, it twelve bushels after deducting expen-
slhould be, ftile and dry. A farmer ses of gathering are worth $4. This
should always place a winter's supply would make the acre in case the peas are
of it under cover during the dry weath- picked and the vines turned under
er. that it may be in the best possible yield a profit of at least $12.
condition when wanted. When thus Now cut the vines and convert into
housed and prepared, it is one of the hay, and see what your profit is.
best possible materials to absorb liq- 1It is the standing rule in this part of
uid manure, and it is of such a na- the country to pay one-half hay for hav-
ture it requires only a small amount ing it cut and raked. This would take
compared with sand or road dust, and one ton. On the other ton you must
while road dust will not retain much take the risk of the weather, and the
ammonia, the muck will retain any loss of leaves in hauling and handling.
amount of it, even when used in small,Then there must come off the expense
of hauling and putting into barn; and
of getting out of barn and hauling to
market. A house must be kept in which
to store it. and there is some risk as
to fire and mould. You must also go to
the trouble and expense of time in find-
ing a purchaser, and it is not an invari-
able rule that you always get the cash
for it. Sometimes the purchaser may be
dishonest and then you get no pay at
all. After you have gone to all the ex-
pense and trouble, and have taken all
the chances, you only get $lo for your
acre of peas.
When you plow under the vines for
manure and humus, you sell to yourself
-the best purchaser on earth.
There is one other fact which must
enter into the question: and that is
where the farmer raises a good lot of
peas, the, chances .are always much
greater that he will plant a large acre-
age in peas. than if he has only a small
lot, or has to buy his seed.
In my judgment the best and most
economical disposition of the pea crop
is to pick what you can use for seed.
feed or sale, and put the rest of the crop
in the land-the "Farmers Saving's
'I know this is directly contrary to
almost all the agricultural authorities:
but sometimes they are not always right
from a practical standpoint. And in the
present run-down condition of South-
ern fields this is one time that they are
wrong. There is not an old upland field
in Georgia today that has not been
hungry for pea vine humus the last ten
years or more. All farmers feed their
stock-most of them have left their
lands to starve.
When by repeatedly plowing under
numerous crops of peas our soil be-
comes full of humus and rich enough
to grow from three to five tons of hay
to the acre, the idea of converting most
of the peas into hay is probably the
right one. But until that time comes
the only hope for agricultural prosper-
ity in the South is what is called
"Green Manuring" with peas and crim-
son clover.-Wm. T. Stone in Southern
Is in Move.
Seffner. Fla.. Oct. 16. '99.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvlle. Fls.
Gentlemen:-Our trees are doing
well. I find Mr. W. S. O'Brien. of Seff-
ner, is very much in love with Simon
Pure. Yours truly.
H. H. Harvey.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
DEXPAXRTIENT OF ORNAMENTAL
BY W. C. STEELE,
This is the name of a perennial Ipo-
moea which we procured last spring.
It Is a very strong, rampant grower.
The most vigorous we have ever seen.
Before that we thought IDomoea
Leari was the hardest to keep within
bound and the most likely to become
a weedy nuisance, but it does not make
nearly so vigorous a growth as I.
Mortoni. We set the plant at the cor-
ner of a porch in front of the house.
It climbed to the top of the porch
along the roof and up some wires to
the roof of the main house, nearly
twenty feet from the ground. After
covering a number of wires not intend-
ed for it, it began to run over the
ground In every direction; it is coming
out under the back side of the house
and also of a wing, and is covering
the ground in front of the house with
a network of vines that are rooting at
every joint. The foliage is very pret-
ty, each leaf cleft into five lobes of
nearly equal size though the middle
one is usually a little longer and wider
than the other two.
The vine is a very shy bloomer.
With all its enormous growth there
has been no time when a dozen blos-
soms opened the same day and very
seldom more than three or four. The
flowers are quite pretty, light purple
in color, opening in the night and close
ing by or before noon in hot weather
It sets no seeds, but can be propagated
very rapidly as the stems root at every
Joint when running over moist soil
This variety can not be recommended
for its blooming qualities. But if any
one wants a screen of living greei
may be given once a week. When first ta, will endure the winter anywhere,
flowers begin to open give an hour or provided the mud in which the roots
two only of morning sun, then remove are embedded is not itself frozen, no
to a shaded location which will make matter how thick the ice may be on the
the flowers more lasting." water above, while the tender varieties
4 require generally a temperature ap-
About Mailed Roses. preaching 70 degrees in the water in
which they grow, and in consequence
Now is a good tine to uy e must le kept over under glass or in
roses. If you can not find what you ponds artificially warmed. Some of
want near home, and send North for I hIe finest of the tender section are an-
llants they will need special care. The nuals. and are easily raised from seeds
c :ich season. Ireginning to bloom as
following directions from Iark's Flor- s:ol seaso t. ave gained sblicient
S'g na g of s soon as they have attained sufficient
al Magazine. are good so far as they size. lThe wonderful Victorias, the gi-
go. All such directions must be modl- gantic water-lilies of the Amazon Val-
ield more or less by circumstances and Icy, partake of this character, and can
easily be grown to flowering size in a
especially so in Florida. It is not nee- single season. The immense leaves are
essary to pot the plants here, but it tive or six feet across, and so buoyant
not they should be set in a sheltered that one readily hears the weight of a
place. shaded and mulched: chill. 'The flowers of the Victorias are
Sfrom a; foot to 15 inches in diameter,
"When roses are received by mail re- fit t chains to pik and
move all of the packing moss, and it c rimso. They have a heavy pinea-
dry soak for half an hour in tepid wa- friagrnce during the first day or
ter before potting. For such oses their existence. A new variety, V.
as are mostly mailed three-inch pots ri-ck-ri. which originated in tlese wa-
are large enough. Use soil composed oft et-grdens is so hardy that seeds left
two parts rotted sods, one part woods il the frozen pond over winter germl-
earth and one part sand, well mixed. ,tt reitlily tile next spring, and bloom
A tenacious soil is Drefrable to a very dunig lte theA s t plants af the Vi-
open, porous one. Set the plant as turias cost from $5 to $10 each, and
deep as it was before. and sift the soil tlh seeds are sold from $2 to $3 a doz-
aroln.l so that tll( roots will iot I. The writer has paddled through
crowtel togetrlhr. Ii.t.il tile p0ot is ,lilcs of Vi.toria regia ill the quiet
tilled jnr and press it tirmly with tile lakes ad inlts connectedd with the
thumbs. This will depress the soil 11 ighty Aniazoni river in Brazil. bnt
half an inch below tihe rim. leaving; never saw mucll larger nor better spe-
space for 'water in watering. Shield cintens, than ae now grown in out
from wind or drIuglits of air. Plants p:Arks and public grounds. There are
that are small aind delicate may hle ura.
benefited by having tumblers inverted the tender water lilies coming from all
over then for a few days. leaving parts of tlt tro!,ical world. The bril-
spacet at the base for ventilation. liallt blue. purle and rose Zanzibar
"After growth begins the plants may lilies are known to many. as the seeds
be given morning and evening sun. and arl freli offered in catalogues, and
more copious supplies of water. Avoid tel'- c;n readily le started in a san-
direct sunlight against the sides of the c,.-e of rich earth and water in the
pots. Syringe twice a week to keep h,,1se, and bloomed ihl an ordinary tutl
off insects. Shift into larger pots as of water ,ad mud. lThe list of hardy
tite roots begin to crowd. Be careful wa ter lilies is even more extensive, and
not to let the soil dry out, as it stunts ,iene varieties nre being rapidly intro
the plants and invites al attack of ini- dcl. iThe, highest prices are being
sects. ('hopped tobacco sielns upon asked for the novelties in this section.
tile soil will keen away Ithe green fly Is it takes longer to incr-ease them, and
and enrich the soil. Stir some bone- thel i, are of nlore extended utility.
dust into the surface soil iln autuin Sitalrting with white yellow and rose-
Sas a fertilizer." colored species the lybrlidizers have al-
,* ready produced some wonderfully rich
We know O
to tear the lin-
ing of your
better than wet
feet to cause
Unly keep it
up and you
will succeed In
bringing on a
slow fever, and
right for the
Better kill your cough
before it kills you.
kills coughs of every
kind. A 25 cent bottle
is just right for an ordi-
nary cough; for the
harder coughs of bron-
chitis you will need a 50
cent bottle; and for the
coughs of consumption
the one dollar size is
I Mv cough reduced me toa mer
skeleu.n. T tried many remedis,
through the summer and fall we know An Aquatic Garden. sshalds of crimson and orange, while j (hiirryP Itorall i.mediAtely- b-
nothing that will cover a given amount The following from thelt ural New tie size of bloom and floriferousness gn to improve, an three bott
li;is bInir ratlv increased. IThe lotus retored me to health. I eliev I
of surface more rapidly. Yorker is very interesting. All tlih spei-. Is ,in i sc heou. I owe my life to it.'" Ano
vies described c(an lie grown in Florida tile grandest type of the hardy section, Oct.7.15l'. ProwntowuVa.
The Freesia for Winter Blooming. liktes r,, pouds without any artificial and can lie readily grown ill any still i-
Under this title Mr. W. N. Pike gives lhent or protection, except probably tile I""1o or sluggish stream;l with muddy
directions for the cultivation of Free- Victoria regia. orttoms. if the. water gets reasonably
lvai-irn ill slunlllcie. Tie lotus produc-s
slas. In the American Agriculturist. Nelllbillmll lutellni is found inl the enorInls leaves standing several fet of the white variety. We set it in a
They should have been started before ilkes near City Point. Fla.. and pronl- above the water, flowers nearly a foot Ilrge pot in good rich soil and kept it
this time, but if it has been neglected ably in other parts of thi state. We :n".ross. varying according to variety,
it should be attended to at once. "Bet- have a ative fnrom white to deep pink in color. fol- where it only got the evening sun a
t s d be a d to at o av nae ae-Li. .'i a lowed lby hrge seed pods looking curi- few hours, but it has done no better
ter late than never." fiva. which is very beautiful and is oisl like the rose of a watering not. than the blue.
"A rich, sandy, potting soil is pre- i nchi admired and sought after lby Therlei is a fine American species. N. r. E. N. Ite.oer writes in a pr
ferable and a five or six-inch pot will lovers of "Aquatic gardens" outside of luteu. not too well known, that roer writes i a pr
accommodate half a dozen bulbs-one dluees fan l abundance of uire yellow vale note: "It likes partial shade, and
in the center and the remainder in a the state: blossolls. It is found in sluggish rich soil like a banana. I do not know
circle about an inch from the side of The culture of ornamental aquatic streams il the Western and Southern any reason why they should not bloom
the pot. Cover about an inch deep, plants has wonderfully increased of states. The genl of all the hardy Nym. for you."
water thoroughly and set out of doors late. Twenty years ago the large and phaeas. however, is the deliciously. __
in some cool, shaded spot protected splendidly-colored walter lilies now so scented conrmon pond lily. N. odorata. A sublscriler sent us a large supply
from rain. Cover over with straw or plentiful grown in numerous public It should never be omitted from anys
mulch some kind to keep dark and and private water-gardens were pract collection: though there are many oth- of "Horse beans." and asked: "Has
cool while roots are forming, and ex- tically unknown. exceptll to botanists ers more showy. there are none quite i the 'Horse bean' any value as feed for
amine frequently, giving water when and travelers. Now species and varie so fragrant. stock of any kind? If so. how should
the soil appears dry on top. As soon ties expanding blooms from eight I be fed?"
as the shoots begin to prick through inches to a foot or more in width, and Answers to Corresnondents.
the soil remove the mulch and grad- of the most brilliant aind delicate tints Editor Floral I)cpartricnt: i We have no personal knowledge of
ually accustom to sunlight. Keep of blue. purple, yellow and crimson, as Agapanthus Umbellatus. or Blue its value for any purpose except as an
them out of doors and in full sunlight well as many intermediate shades, are ''Lily of the Nile," is said to be a de. ornamental vine and a curiosity.
until there is actual danger of freezing, found in every collection of note. Hy- sirable plant and a free bloomer. Can Von Mueller, in his "Extra Tronilal
taking them Into the house nights bridizers have been actively at work yon tell whether it will thrive in ordi-
when necessary. They are not a ten- among the various groups of water li- nary Florida soil or not? M. Plants," says of it: 'This perennial
der plant and prefer a cool tempera. lies, and most gratifying advances in Our own experience and that of a climber: grows to all enormous height.
ture. form. size and color have been made. an d bears an abundant crop of large
"When no longer safe to keep them Some of the new productions being neighbor has been very unfavorable as hea- an c
out doors during the day. place them slow to inl-rease are sold at high to its blooming. edible which an be used green.
In a sunny window of a wireless room prices. $12., ea,-lh being asked for We have had the blue variety two It varies with red and white seed and
and keep them there as long as the Frenchi variietes no better than Amer- sumners in our open ground and the il the size of the latter, which are
temperature does not go down to ac- ician hybrids sold from $5 to $25 each. wholesome."
tual freezing. If necessary, they may However, tlere is no need to pay such !Plants are not as large now as when The Cyclopedia of Am. Horticulture
be removed over night to a room hay- exttremne Irices. as fine standard varle-! received. and there has been no only describes the white seeded varie-
ing a fire, but during the day give a ties may be had in all colors frOh 25>. bloom. ty as follows:
sunny, cool window, if possible. Water cents to $1.50 each. A neighbor who has it in a more "ltack Bean. Chickasaw Lima.
freely and as often as needed, and A.\enatics are divided into two gen- Grown in tie Southern states for
when the buds begin to show ..mong eral sections, the hardy and tender nisr location has obtained more stock, but the pods make passable snap
the sword-like leaves, a light apolica- sorts. The hardy kinds, like the com-, crrowth, but no flowers, beans when not more than four or six
tion of some kind of liquid fertilizer mon white pond lily, Nymphaea ordor- Last spring we received a large plant inches long."
752 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Eteed at the potoffice at DeLand. Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
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the development of Florida and the best in-
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Subscribers wn writing to have the address
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WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12. 1900.
In England they have a way of pro-
tecting cauliflower with hand glasses
or small glass frames. Each of these
covers nine plants which are arranged
in such a manner that, when danger
of frost is over, five may be trans-
planted, leaving the remaining four
eighteen inches apart, as if planted at
the corners of a square.
An effective way to protect small or-
ange trees, is to set up and brace two
large doors of thin boards or veneer.
placed at a right angle with the angle
facing to the windward. Then build
a fire in the angle and the suction of
the wind will draw the blaze and
smoke upwards and send them slant-
ing across through the tree-tops, pro-
tecting it a foot or two higher than the
If the wealth of Florida was equal
to the total aggregate of all the land
speculator's prices on their holdings.
the state would be worth more than
a Golconda. The legislature ought to
try to find some way to squeeze the
water out of these exorbitant prices
for real estate, so that genuine set-
tiers, who mean business and have
more muscle and determination than
capital, could buy a farm at a reason-
There can be no question in the mind
of a well-informed man that a great
deal of the malaria in low, damp, rich
situations, might be avoided by better
care-taking of the person and health.
Let a village be situated on low malar-
ious ground as unhealthy as that of
the surrounding farms, and yet the
villagers will not have the fever and
ague as much as the farmers do. It
is because the farmers are less pru-
dent in exposing themselves to the
night air. more frequently go abroad
skin with dew, do not as generally
sleep in the second story, and are not
as attentive to personal cleanliness,
bathing. etc. The eating of Improper
food often produces biliousness, and
this prepares the way and facilitates
an attack of malaria.
Can any of our readers tell us the
principle which controls the selection
of seed, determining, for Instance,
whether seed should be from the North
or South? Cabbages, potatoes, celery,
cauliflower, and many other seeds
should be from the North; while water-
melon anu rye should be from the
South. It Is said that seed rye sl best
when brought from a region further
south than the one where it Is to be
sown. At any rate, It should not come
from a section north of Florida.
Iiast week we had the pleasure of a
call from Mr. A. D. Makepeace, West
Barnstable, Mass. He was on his way
to Arcadia, where he has some valu-
able orange property. He seems very
much iplteased with his prospects there
and reported that he had already dis-
posed of his crop on the trees, at $8,-
000. A very good interest on an invest-
ment of $18,000, a large part of the
property being yet unproductive. Mr.
Makepeace is the president of the
First National Bank of Hyannis, Mass.
anid before leaving gave us his auto.
graph on a crisp new bank note, for a
year's subscription. He knew our
Another question, can anyone tell us
why weeds are so much more vigorous
than our crops? We make war on
weeds, we beat them down and dis-
courage them in every possible way;
while we fertilize and cultivate the
plants yet the former will choke out
the latter every time, if neglected.
How do weeds kill plants? They dlo it
by depriving them of moisture. priimar-
ily. and by shading them if allowed to
grow too long. Itut the greatest dam-
age done by weeds to plants is in rob-
bing them of water. Water contains
the plant's food in solution, all the
food that it receives is held in solu-
lion, ant the roots of a dozen or more
vigorous weeds surround the roots of
the plant and absorb all of the water.
Probably another reason why weeds
are so much more vigorous than plants
is that they are the result of a sur-
vival of the fittest, nature planting a
thousand seeds to raise ten plants,
while man plants one seed to raise one
Need of Lime in Agriculture.
A large amount of the agricultural
failures in Florida, the small yield, the
perishable nature of stuff raised, its
breaking down on the road and arrival
in market in bad order, are due to the
absence of mineral matters, especially
lime, in the majority of our soils. All
vegetables, fruits and grains contain
an important portion of lime when re-
duced to ashes. For instance, water-
muelon, 7.32 per cent, 11.43; Irish
potatoes, 6.97: turnips (leaves), 28.73;
spinach, 13.11; cucumbers, 6.31. Yet
what do we find in our Florida soils?
Several years ago our Experiment Sta-
tion analyzed samples of soils from sev-
eral of the truck-farming counties of
the peninsula, from which we take the
following items: Dade county, dark
sand, .0250 (one fiftieth of one per cent.
in the mornings and become wet to the of lime); rocky soil, .1275. Lee coun-
ty, soil No. 1:, rich shell hammock, ing poverty of the poor, etc.. all of
0.00; soil No. 28. .0000; subsoil, .0000. which is. to express it mildly, pure and
DeSoto county, salt marsh, .0750; pine simple rant. It is not at all to the
land, .0000. Manatee county, marl', credit of our people that unmitigated
hammock, 21.17 (a very rich soil).
Brevard county, saw palmetto scrub,
2.23; subsoil of same. 7.53, yellow soil.
.0000, orange soil. .1150. Osceola
county. atwoods, .0150, subsoil, .0000.
Polk county, soil No. 8, .0000; soil No.
3, .1125. Orange county, pine land.
.0275; original pine land, .0000; good
pine land, .0000.
Thus it will be seen that in nearly
all soils tested the percentage of lime
was far below one per cent., generally
less than one-tenth of one per cent.,
and often none whatever. Yet we
have seen above that all vegetables
demand lime. and animals still more,
as from sixty to seventy per cent. of
tie bone consists of phosphate and
carbonate of lime.
For lack of lime the Florida marsh
pony, living on marshy land, where the
soil is of purely vegetable origin.
grows small and stunted. The same
is true of the native cattle living all
their lives on sandy lands where there
is almost no mineral in the soil but
silica: they are inferior in statute,
subject to disease, the mysterious
"salt sickness," which is probably
caused by stomach parasites breeding
in a pasture of purely vegetable origin
having no mineral elements to main-
tain the tone and vigor of the system.
In such regions where brush heaps
have been burned, leaving the ashes to
fertilize the ground with minerals,
lime and potash, making the grass-
sweet and tender, the cattle depasture
it into the very ground. They evident-
ly require the minerals in their feed
as man needs salt for a relish. It is a
fact that in the interior states where
the soil Is of a mineral origin, cattle
require salt. In Florida they care lit-
tle for It, but consume lime greetlil'
even bones. The humane farmer will
not look with indifference upon this
spectacle of his live stock actually suf-
fering for an element which their sys-
tems Instinctively demand. He will
supply lime, either in the drinking wa-
ter or in the form of powder, accessi-
Ile at all times.
It is often the case that an orange
grove planted in soils either of a sill-
clous origin or of a purely vegetable
composition grow for years, to the
owner's mystification, without bearing;
when an application of lime or of a
fertilizer containing lime brings an im-
mediate response. The roots of the
trees find possibly enough lime to form
wood and foliage, though of loose and
spongy structure; but there is none to
spare for the formation of fruit. One
reason for the remarkable precocity of
young orange groves on the coral rocks
of Dade county and rich shell (lime)
hammocks of the lower west coast, Is
the abundance of mineral matter in the
soil. On carbonaceous soils the trees
will grow and grow but not bear.
The Masses vs. The Classes.
It is a distinct misfortune when the
masses of the people group themselves
together in action and expression and
become one of the classes they are ac-
customed to denounce. A certain part
of our rural population are fond of in-
dulging in wholesale and constant de-
nunciation of corporations, monopolies.
trusts, bloated bond holders, the in-
creasing riches of the rich, the grow-
demagogues have more than once
mounted into office by a glib, unscru-
pulous use of just such denunciation.
The spirit that leads to attacking
what we do not understand and which
we hate simply because it is above us,
when it has become strong enough. is
:ianrchism. It may develop into athe-
ism. It pulls down and destroys, but
never builds up. It is the spirit of the
idle and the worthless, the dregs of the
earth, the wrecker and the firebrand.
The useful and the Industrious lack
time and inclination for such injurious
and wicked prating.
Good Words for the Agriculturit.
Kl'itor Florida Agriculturist:
Please inclosed find my- check to
cover subscription. Allow me to con-
gratulate you upon the great improve-
ment in your paper and I hope that it
will continue to improve.
Editor Florida Agriclturist:
Please inclosed find remittance for
subscription. I assure you that I ap-
preciate your efforts to make the Agri-
culturist what it is, and that it is easi-
ly among the most welcome papers on
my desk. I have gathered much in-
formation from its pages and my en-
tire family are high in appreciation of
Wishing you abundant success, I am,
G. H. Symmes, M. D.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
I value the Agriculturist higher than
any other paper. It Is the most use-
ful to me and I could not keep house
without it. Yours truly,
N. L. Pierson,
Editor Florida Agricutwrrst,
I inclose you a postoffice money or-
tier to pay my subscription to the Ag-
riculturist. I enjoy reading your paper
very much and regard it as a great
benefit to the Florida growers.
Wishing you much success in your
efforts to give the Florida growers a
good paner. I am,
J. B. Briggs.
ANSWERS TO COBRESPONDETS.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers. which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Can you put me on the track of a
good book on Grape Culture? Is this
the month to prune grape vines? Per-
haps an article on grape culture or
grape pruning experiment might be of
interest as there are many curious
facts for us all to learn about the
pruning of the grape vine.
C. M. D.
For a full list of grapes adapted to
Florida. you should write to the Secre-
tary, S. Powers, Jacksonville, Fla., and
procure a copy of the report of the
State Horticultural Society for 1900.
It contains a list of about twenty-
five varieties which have been tested
in Florida, and gives their adaptation
to North, Central and South Florida.
Some years ago, an excellent little
work on Grape Culture in Florida was
published by E. Dubois, but.we believe
it is out of print. Gee. Hussman pub-
lished a work on Grape Culture in
California, which is the next best au-
thority to which we can refer you.
When your land is ready, thoroughly
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7a
cleaned of stumps and roots, and plow-
ed up, run the rows six feet apart,
north and south, so as to permit the
Ireeze in summer to circulate among
the grapes and -revent the sun from
scorching them in the hottest part of
the day. Dig holes about two feet
square and eighteen inches deep. Put
by itself the surface soil and in anoth-
er pile the poorer subsoil. When the
holes are all dug stick a stake four or
five feet long in the middle of the
hole, using a garden line so as to have
the stakes all in line.
To plant the vines, take a shovelful
of the surface soil (or hammock soil
if convenient) to make a mould In the
bottom of the hole. Trim the roots
down to six inches and the vine to
three buds. Spread the lower crown
roots around over the mound, cover
with two or three Inches of earth,
spread the second crown of roots over
the new surface of the mound, and so
on until the roots have all been cover-
ed up. Scatter a handful or two of
a good brand of fertilizer over the soil,
not touching the roots, then a little
more good soil and tread down all
firmly. The hole will now lack about
eight inches of being full, as it should
be left for the present. In every san-
dy soil where there is no clay subsoil,
plant two feet deep instead of eighteen
inches. Vines planted deep are less
liable to disease.
Layers or vines rooted from short
cuttings and set out. as recommend-
ed by some writers, say six inches
deep, will spread their roots horizon-
tally near the surface, and when a
drought comes the roots, not receiving
the usual amount of nourishment front
the dried-up soil, the whole system of
vines will become seriously affected
and various diseases will ensue.
By not filling up the holes at 3nce,
you allow the sun in spring to shine
down and warm up the earth and the
plants will start stronger and more
healthy. Then along in April you can
go along and complete the filling in be-
fore the roots are injured by the
Of course, we can not, in a brief ar-
ticle, give the complete system of
grape culture; for details you must con-
suit some standard work.
As to pruning, the first year allow
only two shoots to grow. and when
they have attained the length of six or
eight inches, rub off one of them and
tie up the other to the stake. Culti-
vate well through the summer and in
December when all vegetation has
stopped growing, prune the vines down
to about one foot and rub off all tine
buds except the three uppermost ones.
If some vines have not made a suffl-
cient growth the first year, say less
than two and one-half feet, cut them
down to one eye. Now :Ipply two
handfuls'of good fertilizer to each vine.
Plow both ways and then make pre-
parations to put up your trellis.
We can not pursue the subject fur-
ther. Ilae system of pruning with
very careful growers. is different for
different classes of vines, some of
which bear better on laterals than on
the main canes, while others do better
on spurs from the old wood.
A Viennese seamstress gets only ff-
teen cents for hemstitching tell dozen
handkerchiefs, paying for her own
thread and light.
Can't you win one of our premium?
Mr. Henpeck-There was only one CO"NSIG N ORANGES TO
Miss Brown-Who was he?
,... w.. PORTER BROS. CO.,
Mr. Henpeck- AMy wife's first hus-
CHEAP COLUMN JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents. WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41xl FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
ORANGE WRAPS-For sale cheap. Write
-to JULIUS SMITH. Eustis, Fla. 45x50.
M'XNAL PEAS-Selected seed corn.
Sansrle Itwo cellts. W. H. MANN
Mannville. Fla. 46x52.
gALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refun4led. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Pla. 10x31-01
FOR SALE eat a ~argain--San small
mules. Good order. Apply to SILAS B.
WRIGHT, DeLand, Fla. 47x50.
ORANGE AND GRAPEFRUIT trees
on sweet, sour and grapefruit stock.
for sale at low prices. A. C. HAYNE6.
DeLand, Fla. 47tf
FUR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 3it
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL. Glenwood, Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
1AMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
FOR SALE--heap--10-acre orange grove,
good crop: 11 miles from TamaDa on
aved road; good residence. Address
. LAPENO'IERE, Tampa, Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE---S Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
Sin Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE. POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES. G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary. Fla. lltf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla.. 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple. Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus. Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality. Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville. Fla. 41tf
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans. Cam-
phor trees. Roses. Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
lo ue free. Address. THE GRIFFING
BROTHIERS Company. Jacksonville. Fla.
WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
,Manufacturing Co.. Lake Mary. Fla.,
win be glad to correspond with all per-
sons wlsh'rg to sell CASSAVA this fall,
either for cash or in change :or CAS-
SAVA IFWDD. Early arrangements will
be of value to growers and WE PAY
THE FREIGHT. F. G. PERKINS.
ORANGE WRAPS AND BOX HEADS
FOR SAIE-1 have 80 reams 11xl.54
reamns 9x9, 40 reams 10x10 manila or-
anse wraps w T will sell at a bar-
gain. Also 4000 orange box heads and
4.000 'hal box 'heads at t price cheaper
than the lumber in the boards. If in-
terested write me. W. C. PAINTER,
NOW IS THB TIME to plant pecan nuts
Prntcher's BEgg hell is the best. Select
nuts go forty to the pound. Also seedling
and grated trees. Americnn olive, a beau-
tiful cv. trreen tree. for parks. lawn and
hedges Lucie erass plants, for the finest
awnss and tor pastures Japrnese chest-
nuts. very large. single specimens weigh
one ounce Perfectly adapted to our conl
nd climatte : Bet peach e for home and
ship ng. W. H. HASKELL, DeLand.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
PORTER BROS. CO.in consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
POR I ER BR 1s. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
.t A EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shoatd t
diret to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Market Quoet.
tons and General Instructions for shipping Florida products suppUld from the Jacksovie office.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank................12 00
Myers' Knapsack "ump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
Fi Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 5J'
iHarrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc ....... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................. 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................ 20.70
Myers' 'alifornia Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
iPtn and Baagor Or-age Boxes,
Shaved 3 reh Hop. Frr-sa Gre
N xed HOeps, luaiUL aat Colored
Orang Wrapm, OCeamt Costed Box
Nails, Pla.aslpple, Bea, Cluatlope,
Cabbage and other rates Tolato
Ca rier Lettce Biaskets, fte.
Catalogne and pris.e ts am appll-
We have a full supply of
S all the best varieties of Or-
a n T==anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit: have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
Q. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Olen St. Mary,
mSatsuuia Oranges on Trifollata
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES. Stck $to $ per 100. Peach
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES .-toe ..... o er. iD ..n.....
t ees at.$S toS per180 ......
MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES,
J. A. DANIEL, a GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THETROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUTLAND NURSERIES P.J. BERCKMANS CO, A.rsta. Ga.
5.OEstaldis ed 11156.0."
The Best Besults. Gave Entire SatisfatiLon.
E 0. Painter & Co. .JacksoniUe. Fla. E o. Painter d Co.. Jaeksonrille. 'la.
Gentlemen:-We have been well Gentlemen:-The fertilizer that I re-
pleased with all fertilizers purchased ceived from your house gave entire
from you and can recommend your satisfaction. Yours respectfully,
brands to any one wishing the best re- F. G. ilea.
sults. Very respectfully, San Antonio, Fla., Sept. 25, 1900.
J. S. Latlmer & Son. *
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900. Can't you win one of our premiums?
v74 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
rThe Child's Punrse.
It is generally a good plan to allow
the children to have a purse and a small
sum of money of their own, and it is
always best to have them earn this mon-
ey. Then they learn its value and are
much less apt to spend it foolishly. It
also teaches them correct business hab-
bits if they are allowed to manage these
sums for themselves. A judicious hint
or two from the parent, will generally
help them out of any small difficulty
they may find in its management, but
they will soon learn to look carefully
after the pennies if they have to earn
r'here are many things outside ol
their regular home duties for which
you could pay them small sums. It is
not wise to pay them for performing
the duties that naturally fall to their lot
as that would be apt to teach them to
be selfish and unaccommodating which
is a very undesirable quality in any one,
but it is only just and proper that they
should be allowed a small compensa-
tion for some of the many little extra
things that they are called on to do. It
will make it easier for both children and
parents as few people realize how many
and how irksome are the duties that fall
to the children. To pay them for some
of these gives them an interest in their
work which they seldom or never feel
It is almost as bad for children not
to have some money of their own as foi
their parents to provide them all that
they may want. In either case, they do
not learn its value, and are apt to be
spendthrifts when they grow up.
The Sacredness of a .romise.
It is a matter of great regret that the
promises of a great many people are-
like pie crust-made to be broken. I
*need not say that this is wrong, for you
know it perfectly well, and yet I dare
say it has often happened that when
a friend has come to you saying,
"There's something I want to tell you
awfully, only you must promise first not
to tell." you have given that promise
without hesitation, and have shortly
after forgotten that you gave it, and
have repeated the matter; or else have
wished that you had not pledged your-
self to secrecy, for it was a matter in
which secrecy was wrong.
Now to avoid difficulties of this kind
the obvious remedy is to be very careful
about receiving confidences, and to en-
tirely decline to promise to keep to
yourself anything which a friend or ac-
quaintance may tell you, until you know
what that thing is. If you do this you
will probably hear far less gossip and
scandal than you would do otherwise.
and you will also be saved making
promises too numerous to be always
remembered, or which it is your bound-
en duty to break.
"But can it ever be right to break a
promise? I thought a promise was sac-
red," I hear some one say. To which I
answer that a promise ought to be sac-
red. and that therefore it ought to be
made deliberately and, conscientiously
You remember. I dare say. the descrip-
tion of a righteous man in one of the
Psalms. and how it is said of him that
he "sweareth to his neighbor and dis-
appointeth him not. though it were to
his own hindrance." That is to say that
his promise is binding, even when it in-
volves inconvenience or loss to himself.
But the good man knows that he has
no right to sacrifice others, and there-
fore he never makes rash promises, the
keeping of which might involve a crime
against an individual or against society
A very good instance of the folly of
rash promises is that of King Herod,
who, pleased at the dancing of Salome,
the daughter of Herodias, told her to
ask of him a gift, and swore to her
that he would give her whatever she
asked, even to the half of his kingdom.
The girl, prompted by her mother,
asked for the head of John the Baptist.
We are told that "the king was exceed-
ingly sorry, yet, for his oath's sake he
would not reject her." The keeping of
this foolish promise, which it was Her-
od's distinct duty to break, caused him
to commit murder.
You perhaps may think that your rash
promises could never involve you in a
crime like Herod's but let me remind
you that it is as dastardly a deed to kill
a man's fair reputation and thus take
away from him the joy of life as it is
to kill his body. Many a reputation is
"done to death by slanderous tongues,"
so take care that keeping a foolish
promise does not involve you in this
crime. It might easily happen, and late-
ly a friend of mine had to break a prom-
ise of secrecy in order to prevent such
It came about thus. A lady whom she
knew and hitherto respected came to
her one day and in confidence told her
she had some trouble with a mutual
friend, and then went en to make a
most serious statement* against that
person's moral character. My friend
knew it to be false, and said so, but her
visitor would not retract it. and simply
quoted what various acquaintances had
said about it. Here was a distinct case
of reputation killed, and my friend felt
that secrecy on her part would be
wrong. She then and there said she
could not keep silent, but that she
should go to the accused and tell the
story, that she might have the oppor-
tunity of clearing herself. This she did,
and thus the breaking of a rash prom-
ise saved an endangered reputation.-
Things Worth Knowing.
Unwashed Fruit.-The recent epidein-
mic of typhoid fever in an orphan asy-
lum was traced to germs brought in on
apples. This should warn housekeepers.
if further emphasis is needed, of the risk
in serving unwashed fruit. At every cor-
ner the tempting fruits, now so abun-
dant. are displayed uncovered, offering
the best sort of catch-alls for the germs
of the street and the air. In addition
they are handled by none too clean
fingers, carried through the streets in
unprotected baskets and too often trans-
ferred directly to ice-boxes, in which
they may stand, perhaps. next to open
vessels holding those excellent absorb-
ents, milk and butter. The average cook
resents any reflection on her care of the
food that is to be served uncooked. The
vigilance and patience of the mistress,
however, that will be needed to enforce
her regulations in this regard, are a
small price to pay for the additional se-
'curity to the health of the family.-Ex.
Potato Stuffing.-Mix two cups of
mashed potatoes, one cup of soft bread
crumbs, and from one-third to one-half
a cup of melted butter: season to taste
with salt and pepper; add sweet herbs
or poultry seasoning, as desired, and
one beaten egg.-Boston Cooking
Washing Flannels and Cashmeres.
Editor Hosehold I)epartHmet:
All-wool goods are more easily wash-
ed than where there is cotton warp.
Half wool goods shrink unevenly.
whereas all wool warp and web shrink
No matter how fine the quality nor
Maes the food more delcious and wiolesomle
v~ urn sa sU
low delicate the shade, flannels and
:ashmere may be subjected to a wash
and look as well as new afterward.
Cut or shave a cake of Fairy soap
nto boiling water. Let it cool sufficient-
y to be pleasant to the hand, or if at
little too hot for the hand, no matter.
Lather from the bottom up, or make
use of a basin or tub fully large enough
to allow the water to cover the gar-
ments to be washed. When the flannel
or cashmere is wet through, squeeze it
with the hand, instead of rubbing as
with linen or cotton goods. Squeeze
every part of the woolen garments, and
taking them up by one edge, dip them
up and down vigorously, until clean.
Rinse them through another warm wa-
ter, and unless well cleaned, use Fair)
soap in the second water in less quanti-
ty, rinsing in a third cleat warm wa-
ter. Less rinsing is required where Fairy
soap is used than with other harsh or
Hang flannels and cashmeres to dry
without wringing. Just squeeze the wa-
ter partially out of the fabric and sus-
pend from the clothes line, in full ex-
poseure to the sun and when almost.
but not quite dry, press with a hot iron.
Hang the garments near a fire to thor-
oughly dry. The heat expands the wool-
en fibres and makes the flannel and cash-
mere light and fleecy, and Fairy soap
thoroughly cleanses them.
Mrs. G. T. Drennan.
New Orleans, La-
Daily Hint for the Table.
There are more ways than one of
treating oatmeal. As a porridge it may
be varied by the addition of dates. The
dates should be washed and stoned.
then added to the oatmeal Just before
serving. Do not allow it to cook af-
ter the dates are put In; just let them
Or, again, make four ounces of oat-
meal into a paste, that is fairly stiff,
with two ounces of butter, a little salt,
and a gill of milk. Roll this out three-
quarters of an inch thick and cut into
fingers. Heat a frying pan, lay the
fingers in and bake them, turning them
to cook each side. If these are put into
the oven they become like piecrust
merely. Serve them very hot and
A combination of oatmeal and apples
Is a trifle out of the usual run of dishes.
Mix in a saucepan one cup of oat meal
with one tablespoon of butter, one of
lemon juice, half a cup of sugar and
one cupful of milk. Cook five minutes.
Draw the saucepan to the corner of the
range, add while stirring two egs, half
a teaspoonful of baking powder, and
two apples pared and cut into dice.
Turn the whole into a buttered cake
mould and allow to bake in a moder-
ate oven until it swells and has a yel-
low color. Sprinkle with sugar and
The Power of Love.
There in no power like love. 1 loved
my little Ioy long before he loved me'.
One night I heard him say to his mam-
ma when he thought me asleep: ""I
love papa." What a thrill of joy that
gave me. I had loved him from infan-
cy, but now he was beginning to love
me. A few weeks before, he might
have seen me carried out of the house
in a coflin, and perhaps, not knowing
better, have laughed thoughtlessly
about it. But now my love for him
had found response. Something Mke
this is the feeling that God has when i
sinner melts under his love. Love tro-
duces love. What a power it might be-
co me in our pulpit and Sunday school
meetings. The reason that we have so
little love for Jesus Christ is that we
are so little acquainted with Him. The
more intimately we get acquainted
with the Son of God, the more we shall
love Him and we may get acquainted
with Him by reading about Him in
His Word.-D. L. Moody.
Was Well Pleased.
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksouville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used a ton of your
fertilizer on my old seedling trees, anct
was well pleased with it.
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit
Over Work Weakens
WB-eltrhy KMaeys Make Ihpure ML
All the blood in your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
blood purifiers, they fil-
ter out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they aresick or out
of order, they fall to do
matism come from ex-
.- cess of uric acid in the
S blood, due to neglected
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries.
It used to be considered that only urinary
troubles were to be traced to the kidneys,
but now modern science proves that nearly
all constitutional diseases have their begin-
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
Sw*mp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
and issold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar siz-
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail iOms ol swramso
free, also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.
A FINE PROPERTY
5o TO too PER CENT BELOW
REASON: Illess of the Manager.
The Geo. H. Wright Pinery of Or-
lando, is now on sale, with a good
eight room house with bath room and
pantry. Also a barn and packing shed.
A fine lawn of Bermuda grass, about
thirty orange trees, some grapefruit
and bananas, roses, shade trees and
.The property is situated on Central
avenue, three-fourths of a mile from
railroad depot and is in first-class con-
dition with water pipes connecting
with city mains, laid through the pin-
This valuable property contains two
and one-half acres; of which one and
three-fourths acres is under cover, and
about one and one-half acres in pines,
or 13,000 plants.
There are about 8.000 Smooth Cay-
enne, the rest Abbakas and Queens,
with a few Porto Ricos (160) and Red
Spanish (12). At least 11,000 of these
plants will fruit next season and the
most of them early in the summer.
There are now about 200 apples in
sight. More than two-thirds of the pin-
ery is under cloth cover and the re-
For terms and further particulars ad-
dress, E. O. Painter & Co.. Jackson-
Reports satisfactory Besults.
E. O. Painter d Co., Jacksonrlle, Pis.
Gentlemen:-During the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables.
pineapples and oranges and we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom-
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers, and they also report
satisfactory results. Yours very truly,
Clifford Orange Co.
Citra, Fla., Sept 20. 1900.
Ankona, Fla., Nov. 18, '99.
E. o. Painter d Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-All goods received from
you have teen satisfactory.
.E. E. Ankeoey.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7W
OUi T ATD A DPAE T- learn how man succeeded in domesti- CAPONIZ
gnrt., c eating the type of farm bird and poul-
All communications or inquiries for this de- try yard birds which play such an im-
artment should be add ress" portant part in alimentation by their
FLORIDA AGRICIULTUIST, flesh and eggs and in human wearing Pltr can d uble their
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. apparel. No historical document, no by Caronaisiu their chicks. lrT o.
legend, tells up by what means man creation is very sim e-the inatrunt
succeededd in enslaving the wild Gal-are so full an, explicit that any m.m,
Two Varteti of z1ibghors wmin enslaving the wild Gal- woman or child, after a careful reading.,
inacean cocks and hens so fond of lib- will be able to perform the operation.
For seven years I have been breed- erty. The Bankiva cock, which is sup- It i highly successful from every point
Ing a utongrel lot of chikens7 but l ofview I te demand for avon far
Ing a mongrel lot of chickens, but will posed to be the stock of our domestic exceed the supply. the price per sound
try something better from this on. I varieties, native of the jungles of In. -iing twice as much as for ordinary
want a fowl for eggs exclusively and dia and Mlalasia, is tamed easily -chcks The objct wf Caponisg tow
write you to know which variety of en largely er. ae the weight OS fowl.
write you to know which variety of enough, but the magnificent cock of ccausing them in many cms, to rrow
the Leghorn family is the best?-. Also Sonnerat, native of Sumatra and Java, as large as turkeys and weighing
tell me If you consider the Rose Comb 10 to 15 pounds, and to make the meat a. finer flavor and very julev and tender Agsin
tell me if you consider the Rose Comb was never tamed. Capons re worth St to $1.50 mnor. than cu..s not Caponird They are much quieter in
Leghorn equal to the Single Comb for In their migrations to the west the positionin cock. in chasing around the yard. will run offfleh almost aslast as put on
eggs? What do you consider the cheap. Aryans must have been accompanied In the ma.re quiet Capon the same amuunl o. food woce tomate fsAh bone and prot. With
eat meat for fowls n the inter? How the proper instr,,ment. Cap'n.zin is a simp e lesson. wholly master by a few moments'
et meat for fowls in the winter? How by the Bankiva cock. The first navi- s'udy. Puly realizing the necessity of having p ,oer instruments we have arranged with
large a roost and feed room do you gators who reached the isles of the thereia'le instrument manufacturers. Messrs. Ge rteP Piling & on.' hila eaphia. to
-think proper for three hundred Leg- Pacific Ocean mention ornaments made supiuly us with the-i instruments. T his firm is. we think, the o dest of the Sind in -be United
think proper for tree hundred Leg o afic Ocean mention ornaments made states located in the verve heart of the original 'aponus.ag district. and having been mak-
horns? I building a poultry home of the cock's feathers. which often ,inr Caponizing inst, ments for 40 years, they thoroughly understand the proper ones
should the walls be double and filled composed the dress of the islanders. needed Messrs GeoreP Pil ing & Son havejut pub ished a ver interesting book. eo-
in between with saw dust or something In America it was not until historic in o tr. Complete with instructions ilg." w which will intcliaie a year's sbcatereteioo
in ,'oustrv. omplrte with instructions $3 50. wheh will incl-iue a yeas's subseni -tion to
else? Subscriber, times that It was introduced by the the LORIDA AC.RICUI.TURIST. In vey etlined ca-e as per engraving.$3 7. We end
In rard to the layin qaliti was rouce y the the book "Complet Gunide for Caponizing *' ith ever. set. Address.
In regard to the laying qualities I Spanish Conquistadores. Strange to
think there Is very little difference in say, the bird never returned to the .O. P AlIMTE=R a CO., Jacknmo- vile, Pla.
the different varieties of Leghorns, wild state. Endeavors have been
Rose or Single Comb. The Single Comb made to stock forests without success. The Practical Western Poultry'Farm,
Leghorns lay a larger egg than the Cocks and hens are always found near AND SIMPLE MARSHALL, MO.
Rose Comb do and in some markets human dwellings in the inhabited re- AND SMPLE MARHALL, MO.
would no doubt sell better. If you gions of Central Africa, both by the BARBED WIRE 4 months on trial l0e. One yr. 2Se.
intended to sell eggs to hotels, restaur- Nomad's tent and that of the Kaffir FENCE BUILBER. It tells how to make poultry raising
ants and private parties, I would cer- and Hottentot; thus we shall find them PRICE $s.oo. profitable. It is np to date. 24 s.
tainly keep the Single Comb White or in all civilized countries with varia- V SCHMEL er day. We sl beet liuid Alm ill
Brown Leghorns. If you were going tions of the primitive types adapted to V. '' bands for poultry, 1 dos., 0 ots; for lo
to sell eggs in the general market, the climate and methods of rearing.-Re. SylvanLake, Fla es: o5 for 50 cts: 1oo for I.
White Rose Comb Leghorn will fill rue Sclentifique. "Cerrtficate Am. Inst. Fair."
the bil. It is claimed by some that the HENS' TEETH s
Single Comb White Leghorn lays a Give the Hens Boom. Market Gardeners E T Ise .
larger egg than the Single Comb It has been proven time and again To properly digest its food the fowl
Brown Leghorn; there is a great differ- that there is a profit to be made in Make money by getting their pro- must have grit. What teeth are to the
ence in the strain. Some strains lay a keeping poultry. Then why is it that duce into market early. This is best human being grit Is to the fowL We
larger egg than others do. I believe it so few farmers get any of the profit? accomplished by taking advantage can now furnish ground oyster shells,
is possible to get a strain of Rose I suppose there are many reasons. Now of tile stimulating effect of from freshly opened oysters, from
Comb Leghorns that will lay as large and then a farmer finds that his ooul- NITRATE OFSODA. which all the dust and dirt has been
an egg as many of the strains of Single try has paid pretty well, so he decides It forces the most rapid growth and screened, to supply this grit which is
Comb Brown Leghorns. One of the to increase the business. The way imparts quality, crispness, tender. lacking in nearly all parts of Florda.
cheapest meats I have found for voul- many farmers go at it, is to double the ness. etc. All about it in our free Goods very Interior to ours and full
try in winter is cracklings from the number of hens, but not enlarge the book "Food for Plants." Ask for a of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
butcher shop. I buy them for one cent accommodations for them. The poul- copy. Address, John A. Myers, 12- 1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
a pound and they answer the purpose try house, perhaps rather crowded be. .John St.. New York. Nitrate for offer it at
very well. Meat scraps and ground fore, is now packed full, the fowls be- sale by 100 lb bag, T75. f. o. b. JacksonvIlle.
bone is very fine for poultry, but that ing compelled to roost on everything PAINTR & COO. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
is more expensive than cracklings, and available in the house. The result is AI & CO., Fla.
if you use a hand mill to grind the that the house becomes full of lice. the Jacksonville, Fla. Manufacturers of High Grade Per.
bone you will find that it takes lots hens produce but few eggs, and they tilse and dealers In all nds of Ier
of muscle to turn the crank. For do not hatch well, the fowls become telling Materials.
three hundred Leghorns I would want disease and the farmer gets disgust- I Orane and Km Quat
a roost room ten by twenty feet. The ed with tile Ibusiness and neglects the rr 25Y Ore adk
bigger the feed room and scratching hens more than ever. This same man a ehe n PoSl Nursery Stock
room the better, but twelve by forty would not thinkP of increasing his or Pecan Treess and Nuts forced
room i a hs1(1 till~ ala for making Pecan Treess and Nuts forsaed and
feet will do. dairy herd without providing accom- Fertlslisathtbe, table. Also a general line of Fruit
Sometimes I hear farmers or poull- mnodations suited to the increased num- weeowld. L Mse- Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
trymen discussing what it costs to her: he would not attempt to crowd on H f S gresiver low. Freight paid.
keep a hen a year and there seems to two animals into a space large enough UHedthem. Lltsus SUMMIT NURSERIES,
he considerable difference of opin- for only one. If he had provided ex. sed you arcorl D. L PieroE, Prop.,
ion in regard to the matter. Some tra room for the increased number of An t t- Moaticel, P.
people say a hen don't pay for her fowls kept, he would have made a prof- agi y-Peyoliao
keeping while others figure out a good it n keeping them. Give the fowls ou i P TOBACCO DUST
profit in keeping hens. The cost of plenty of room. so they will have a DUST.lizers
keeping a hen depends upon her ability chance to exercise themselves, for. Fei ls otherfirst-elaFer If your fowls are troubled with lice
to forage and the attention she re- without exercise, they will be unprof- tli"er Materials or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1'0
ceives from her owner. It is a Javing table. Attend to the poultry, and give W. S. POWELL & CO., pounds of tobacco dust and artlnkle
and clear gain to convert refuse into it the care that you give the other farm ese amner aw, a. Bantimors. Md. it In your coops. The tobacco is guar-
eggs and meat and the hen's effort in stock, for no other stock will pay so anteed to be unleashed. F nd 2 cent
that direction can not be equaled by big a dividend on the investment.-V. tamp for sample.-B. 0. Painter & Co.,
anything else on the farm. The t M. Couch, in Poultry Monthly.S! Seeds! Jacksonville, a.
of keeping a hen has been variously e.- 0 0 StEEDS KINDS Seeds I
timated at from fifty cents to a dollar E. B. Tucker sold the oranges on tilhe Vegetable, Garden and Flower. OR SAL
and a half a year. In the Northern Tatum grove to H. S. Clark for .- e, lower. AL
states it costs more to keep a hen then 250 of which he gets half. He al-o iJ Send for Catalog. .a AT A
it does in the Southern states. In sold his own crop of 183 Ih oxs a1I' hiis
onfinement it costs more to keep a father's crop of 150 boxes. same partS. CHAS. RAYMOND, .ai... Special Bargain
hen than It does if she has range and at $1.50. Mr. Clark's crew have picked
can hunt worms, bugs, grasshoppers, both E. B. and F. H. Tucker's cr,,os if Grapefruit, Tangerine, ON EASY TERMS.
etc. On the farm I believe hens ay oranges. and will mmnlecce ik Severa fine bearing orange and
better for the money invested than Elder Redd's this week.--9ar.,so:n Satsuma, Tardiffand fit e tre s oah
hogs. sheep or other stock. Give the Times. grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
hen a fair chance and she will pay a Enterprise Seedless. fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
hundred per cent. on the investment.- Uhed Three Hundred Tons a Year. The best commercial citrus fruits. fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
American Poultry Advocate. E o. .Painter Co., Jacksonrile, Fl Tt..
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti Three kinds on each stock. Well cared vestment this year.
Nearly HIsory of the Gock and Hen. lier ever since you began making it for past five years. Will soon fruit Lyle & ., artew, l.
At the end of the nineteenth century and have used from 200 to 300 tons of if protected. 50 or more of such trees
the rearing of poultry yard birds fol- it a year before the freeze of 1894 and for sale. At home place on South | I 1 ( ) t I
lowing the onward march of progress 1895. Since then have used it right
will be quite different to what it has along on orange trees and there are no Boulevard. DeLand. Fla. 111 IPAE I
been previously. The poultry yard better trees in the country than I have W. H. HAS KELL. W -
was formerly the natural and neces- to show. I also used your goods on W* NO DON'T
scary adjunct to the farm. Hens seem- canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so0 lieto br our o we e T e make
ed to grow without restraint in the well pleased with results that I shall plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes L. a. nourTraoN. Wemros,
meadows among the flocks. At the pres- and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next PAGw OTvM WIRK VPINCCO., ADMIA, NIW.
ent day they no longer speak of poul- spring. That shows you what I think
try yards: aviculture is the word- of your goods. Yours truly. C
rational, scientific rearing adapted to lnMalatt.. Sept. 2. 1900. eigler. rT '
extensive culture and modern indus- n o b Can' t you win one of our premiums? 1 .'-S'stos to*
try. at JerS1 MARDImSI
It will always be a problem to me to Can't you win one of our premiums? lg- a -
7W THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
HIS FAMILY. am not very late; my fair cousin T IU M P
named the hour as eight. I presume it
was to give your family time to assem-
It was while our poor friends were Ile."
at their wit's end as to their next move, THE LARGEST WATERMELON GROWN
that a youth of modest mien and "My family? You talk as if I-what .-
twinkling eye was coming down the ails you, Ellis? France, wake up. and *INTITHE|WORLD. qr "
street toward the flat. try the quality of your skill on him. NTH
on no smaller an ocaslon than the an- hut corpulent poodle dog. and a lovely
nouncement of her betrothal to Mr. little damsel, enter my cousin's parlor,
Henry Whitcomb. and they asked for you."
It Is needless to say the telegram "Harry-it must be-Heavens! how
had not only been misconstrued by our came hI ame-they not.here!" cried France.
unsophisticated friends, but had been starting up. red and white bye urns
altered n transmission. Peed to in the and decidedly incoherent.
most exuberant spirits. -at his own "Keep cool, France. Ellis. what smalre
good fortune in having won Miss Grey, you driving at? Another confounded
as well as the delight of the honors practical joke. butl l o l lyl-
earned by the brother. Henry little "I swear It is true. and if you could
Henry Whrteomb. and they asked for you."
deemed the dire anxiety wrought by u have heard the gusto with which the
his dispatch; and while his mother and old man said, 'Mazelle. wh e are his
her escort were speeding toward him, family. he included the. poodle andi
he and Francis were awaiting the ar- the baby. I am sure you should be 1 e4 .
rival of young LAwrence to descend to. grateful to me for telling them the ele-
Flat Three, an spirit h several others o or was out of repay ir. that I might
dine and receive felicitations upon the break the announcement to you gently.
announcement of the engagement. I sent them at once to Kate cr-"
Now, as Ellis Lawrence came lightly "Ellis! this s beyond all doubt going
up the steps of the Normandle Flat. he too far! I-" Henry got no farther.
paused, looking upon there ttle group Al stea dy tramp in the hall a nant.
just within the door. amusement in his l11g as of labored breath. a patter of
glance. dog's feet. low exclamations In French.
"Pardon me. did ayou wish to see and thea doo r w os withrown open t
some one?" he and wiles he met Marie'd Mrs. Whitomb. tle habe in her armh14
appealing eyes. her facm ly. he inluhed stood on the trend
"We wished to see Mr. Harry Whit. hold. Marie. pale and half-crying.
comb," returned Mrs. Whitconmb: "- lung to her. Monsieur Toti hearing
think we must have got the wrong the cage. and Fanchette portly and Two largest Triumph Watermeloss giew in tl! ) from my seoeeh seede
house. He said it was a flat. but-shu! panting. between his attenuated legs. were grown 13ly A. 4'% Vani. of A1114 ilde. Ala.. -weighing 150% pounds
shl" as the babe fretted. stood behind them, while thae lovely etch. Prizes for amle. $7.4it. Large st Triumph grown in North Carolina n
"No; Mr. Whitcomb iiis in the fourth young girl. her face haughty and whit, 11M. weighed 78 pounds, prize for so en. $2A.St. Largest Triumph grown
flat. You go up the stairsgement. I sent th restraint. appeared at M. Toe- tie's in Souh Carolina in 100". weighed l / pounds. plze for same, $20.00.
tor is not running. ide. Largest Triumph grown i eorgi in 1 weighed 1271/ pounds, prize for
"Oh, thank you" very gratefully. and "Mr. Witomb." she said coldlynr $2.00. Largest Triumph grown in Flit., in 1900, weighed 92 lbs., prizefarther.
the little procession proceed to fol- "A steadyour f tramily. I believe. for sne. $20.. Largest Triumph gr inown in Mississippi n 1900, weighed
low thim up stairs-first Mrs. Whit B a moment of suspended breath pounds prize for same $20.00 Laget Triuph grown in Louisiana in
comb and babe then Mar bear nd doubt: then seeing her darling weighed 7 pounds. prize for s $2.0. Largest Triumph grown
Polly. and followed by Fanchette, with France struck dumb with astonish- exrs. weight 10P/2 pounds, prize f or -aine, $20.00.
M. Tosti bringing up the rear. ent. Mr. Whiton dropped th eral prize offered for largest rto see andiu in the South iro 1901. Liberal
On the third floor Ellis Lawrence abe into Marie's arms where it prizes for largest ri grown in then Staten 191.
turned and wise. pointed to a screamed lustily, while she ght Buy. the genuine elected eed dir ect fro the originator. Eachpura-
"We at tihe end of the hall. saying- F race in her capacious embrace. nd er entitled to compete for prize
"I think you may find Mr. Whitcomb fell to weeping and exclaimin I sell all varieties of watermelon seed. Florida Favorite Duke Jones, Brad-
tink we hims hour." ad s e on wrog the cage. an l h ette parked v ortuly and for Blue Gem. eminale, Georgia Rattlesnallke. Gray Monarch. Dark eeing,
two steps at a bound. M. Tonti grew so eloquent ated his r 1e. Gansier. New Favorite. \, Jones. Black Diamond. Gray National, Bonds
shu!" as the babe fretted, stood behind them, while the lovely wch. Prizes for sint. $TlltN!. I.;l'gt" rr Trillph grown in Npuaorth Carolina it
Mrs. Whitcomb bore down uphe or the yog entirely for ook h him ans e wo.ht Cole's Earily. Mountain Sweet and oth ers. All Southern Beauty and Rocky-
door designated hastily. She was out to explain. ford Canteloupe seed.
of breath with the climb and the 's I make ah speinalty of Reggarweed Seed and can make you low prices on
tobaby's weight. Her bonnet had slip- at does it mean? For oth the rough and cleaned or hulled seed.
"ed to one side, and her shawl to the stake othere. e ih sally. Whly. S. rite for Catalogue.1
other. Fanhett e waso pro e wanting from her fa I eieve." for a.t Triissis i in 1a wei
corpulency. ust behind her, and Polly erine. dot thengo. eellis run after darling W M. weighed 7IRARDEAU, largest Monticello, Florida.
was Indulging a course of mild French Kate, a ore you. There. there.
a ollyt and followed b Fanhette. w mother, sit down F'an'ette. be quie10 p s e f o e t.
ePlet. W hi tcomve I t ofher bmod Oh. hang tihe baby: somebody pIt it 6 X X V m SIL V ER
MT brie g ea p te srear. ehitcons te r the lsernlet s oree forh n 6 XXX ROGERS SILVERin PLATED SPOONSS
r The thrd aoor w Elli sw ence babe into aIrllis, ut the oor n et GiVes fr ph grown ill e Sne New Sutate in 11.
on the threshold stood a lovely girl,1 iP s.
clad an white. with roses l in her belt. "Only over l y corpse!' gh cried Ellis. s a.
"Oh. Henry." she began, then check- g llan ly and intercepting his frownuig
ed herself. in amazement as she de- ansic jt in h er for poor HenE r's
cried the groui. "Who is it om? I can evident dilfeeitn antid frant c effort J o
no t see! What do you wish?" get order eotout of chaos iand f not mSemin olifeoke. G
two steps at a bound. M. Tomta grew so eloqiW ent that his 1of. Dixie. C.lansier .ew Favorite Jones Black S iamond. Gray National, Bore
"'We are looking for Mr. Henry Whit- his fair lady. But tile voice of anthlex
Mrs. Whitcomb only gasped faintly. howled lustily. fonsooktil Marie bethought oth er Southety and R y-
"Mr. Whitcomb? Yes? He s er of the title, ad reti red hatye specialty usf Beggarweev ser to t e y lo ries and
the flat ht a n t does it mean? For Hevn' oth the rogh curtains. where tland lean or hlled d.
atho oime sieth an hempr ish that be y soo su ided after a little chok- we wil end the above premium postpaid. Remember the
held wondering dies dan o h ainn as her eyescon w ad gre gling dpoons are X plate
took in the motley group. "Henry Whitcomb. why didn't you s as
"Pardon me. mamaelle," cried 1. expect ie when you telegrapherd FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Tonti fatigen and hung er making hi France was ill. You do look feverish. F o TUeIe,
acutely sensitive to her tone: "Pardon tny dear. Ive brought the sage tea. JacksoIIl Fla.
me." with a flourish and sweep of his started at once and M. Tosti, always
arm that included Marie. Fanchette. kind. aine along. uHowt could I tell
Polly. Mrs. Whitcomb. the baby. and lw ill France was. O. how I 6 XXX FOR SUMMER AND P ALL
himself. "we seek Monsieur Whitcomb worried every step of te wany th PLANTING
because. maTh zelle. we are hiopen, family!nd Lord lone knows! Pt ot youPoOnr ton-New Subscriber.
fMeantimepfr. LTnwrence burst in up- glie. France, this illnllute! I know THE I CO.,
on the Whitromb brothers, as Henry ougirl, e bilious."
faced Impatiently about. glancing n, ,But mother. I did not telegraph Jacksevik, Fl.
the clock while Francis in ashe ruddy belt. France was ill." THE LAREST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOr criedUT. Elli.
a condition as is compatible with hard "You did. Henry Levitivus Whit- Complete tack of all leading sorts for southern planting Genuine Bermuda Oniou Seeds
studh.y and late hour, was oolly per- comlh. or I shouldn't le here. You said Cao plet Matboks Talmatol Valentine and Refuiee Beans etc.. etc.
tueing the evening papers. te had fever. di nmaand to (come at ont.0 1 s,
"Well. Harry. you might have pre- souilr I wrof that dielegra in my ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFUlliLY TESTED SEE OFFERED.
pared Kate at least. It may throw er igt inr d. ut. I have a voicopy of i mlth f frit ummr d fal catalogue free upon
Into brain fever. Hafd we known you itl y Imret t. all appli cation. Addre ss
expected your famionly en manset. It "A y!" cried s. Whitl plants fancy pulry, etc. ethorahge
would have been something to have I' of got tie telegraph here. Itd hadn't Send us 2 d a ne subscriber to the Agriculturist and
braced up for the oceasion." This was ever left moe since I not eye O's it.
Lathwrence's greeting. evWhater do yon uant rite another. Henry.e tl-
"wihat are you talking about? I Ant she commenced to look througpremium postpaid. Remember the
becathought you we are hisnever coming." 1.1r pokets. Her sons looked at on a some o ur p iu s
tltought you were never eomlng." e mkt.He osloe a n u
16s THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKBB. wrote the whole of it himself.-Bos-
The Pug-That big dog says he hastot.
lost his master. Says he is in a pickle.
The Poodle-Well, he'll be in a sau- DEAFNESS CAN NOT BE CURED
sage next-Chicago Daily News. by local applications, as they can not The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
He (sadly)-No, I don't think any There is only one way to cure deaf-
girl would have me. ness, and that is by constitutional CONNECTIONS.
She (sweetly)-You never know till remedies. Deafness is caused by an in-1
yon try. flamed condition of the mucous lining
of the Eustachian Tube. When thisT
Friend-He says you are in your tube gets inflamed you have a rum- THEATLANTIC (OAST LINE, vianCharles o,
prime. bling sound or imperfect hearing, and Richmond and Washington
Mrs. Brown-The idea. I'ln not as when it is entirely closed deafness is o e Re
old as that!-Puck. the result, and unless the inflammation THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savannah, (Co
c- an be taken out, hearing will be de- lumbia and Washington.
"I thought you said you had only a stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten
platonic affection for him." are caused by catarrh, which is noth- va All Mall
"True; but that was before he asked ing but an inflamed condition of the T
me to marry him."-Chicago Post. mucous surfaces. The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
We will give One Hundred Dollars The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
Biggs-Hello, Boggs' Just the man for any case of deafness (caused by To Th The Southern 'yvia Savannah, Columbia, Ash
I wanted to see! I'm just back from catarrhl that can not be cured by The SouthernR'yviaSavannah,Columbia,Ash. v
the Paris exposition, and- Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu- The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
Boggs-Sorry, old man, but 1 hav.eunt lars. free.
got a cent!-N. Y. Journal. F. .1. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, 75 cents. Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship ('o for Ns-
Mrs. Jones-I don't see what you Hall's Family Pills are the best. o P a no
should have against my first husband. To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
The poor fellow is dead.
Mr. Jones-Yes; that's the only thing His Preference. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transport;
I've got against him.-Judge. Sutherland, Fla., Nov. 25, '.ion Company for Baltimore.
E. O. Painter t& Co., J .oaill .ion Company vor Baltimore.
SuMpect-Did they find anything sus- Gentlemen:--I don't wish to flatter
pieious in that sausage? any one, but must say that you are To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
Lawyer-My dear sir, as your coun- my preference among the many fertili- N D
sel, I-- zer firms with whom I have dealt in S AI
Suspect-I must know the worst! your town and I hope to give you my HAVANA STEAnISHIP CO.
business. Yours truly,
"I see that the latest fashion in J. C. Craver NOVA SCOTIA,
men's shirt waists is to have them CAPE BRTON& ia Boton and NAA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
button up the back." -- ...... STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbur,
"So? In that case every man will p ,,,_,, PRINCE EDWARDS and 'h
be compelled to have a valet." ISLAND ... and Charlottestown.
"Or get married."-Burfalo News.
Bella-Gran'ma, don't you think the W inter Tourist Tickets
two-step ever so much nicer than the W o Ic e
old-fashioned waltz? is destruction of lun b a lehrouout ETE WE N
Gran'ma--'here's only one kind, my Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
dear, that is worth dancing-the onI, growing germ, prcciylv as SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
when you're 20.-Brooklyn tife. "r during the season 1000-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop
moldy cheese is destruction n over' pri-ileges in Florida.
Caller-In how many families the ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
Bible is a sealed book. of cheese by a growinr
has to be, you know. 'There are so If you kill the germ, you
many impertinent people who are al- h nfornatlion as to rales, sleeping-car services. reservations, etc., write t
ways looking up the family register. stop the consumption. ou V M. .OI..YI. ) division Passenger Agent.
-Chicago tribune can or can't according to .'N~et a Street. Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
tv. B. DIENHAM. B. W. WRENN.
"My dear," said Crimsonbeak, to his when you begin. Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mn g'r.
wife the other morning, "I wish you SAVANNAH. COEORC.IA
would look over my wardrobe. I was. Take Scott's Emulsion of
up In my room a little while ago, and'
the only things I couid find which had Cod Liver Oil: take a little
.any buttons on were my kodaks!"-.
Yonkers Statesman. iAt first
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
Edgar-Miss Edith, I-ah-have
something most Important to ask you.
May I-that is-
Edith (softly)-What is it, Edgar?
Edgar-May I-Edith, would you be
willing to have our names printed in
the papers with a hyphen between?
Mrs. Smith-Mrs. Blobson has had
such an experience. Arrested for shop-
lfting. All a mistake, of course.
Mr. Jobson-I suppose she must have
been very much annoyed?
Mrs. Smith-Not at all. The papers
all said she was of prepossessing ap-
"Yes, the Murklesons are coming
up fast in society."
"I haven't heard anything about
their daughter marrying a nobleman,
and they don't seem to be entertain-
ing any very prominent people."
"That's all true enough, but they've
begun to call their summer cottage a
Teacher-I am sorry to say it, Hen-
ry, but your composition is not wor-
thy of you. The rhetoric is faulty, the
logic weak, the statements are based
upon misinformation, and the style Is
Henry-My! Won't my dad be mad
when I tell him that?
Teacher--But you can tell him you
did your very best.
Henry-Did my best nothing. Dad
S-- It acts as a
food; it is the
easiest Foo d.
Seems not to be
,iS food; makes \'ou
I_ hungry ; eating
the eItie You grow strong-
The irfii ne h ,:-
this picture on it. er. Take more;
take no other.
not too much; enough is as
much as you like and agrees
with you. Satisfy, hunger
with usual food; whatever
you like ...,d agrees with you.
When you are strong
again, have recovered your
strength---the germs are
dead ; you have killed them.
If you have not tried it, send
for free sample, its agreeable
taste will surprise you.
SCOTT & BOWNE,
409 Pearl St., New York.
50c. and $1.00; all druggists.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
.. FROM ..
FLORIDA TO'NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND"" EAST.
,SHORT RAIL RIDE TO.SAVANNAH, OEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Expre's Steamship., sailings from Savannah, Pour Ships each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or ounad iaes.
AU ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing bchedues. Write
for general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. M. PLEmASANTs. em. 'rt..&* PasL Agt., WALTB M AW sKIMs, G**. As.
New Pier 35 North River, New York. 3224W. Bay St., Jacksootfle. P1s
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 757
another resignedly. France trying not I "Well, mother, even a good educa-
to laugh. lion does not include natural gumption.
Mrs. Whitcomb took out three purses You always said I had none. But as
of different sizes; a spool of white, and you are here you must remain antd
of black cotton; a thimble and needle- spend New Year with us. Tonight I
book; a small potato carried for rheu- ant Kate's guest, but I see no reason
matism; a tonka bean for fragrance; why Francis should not be excused to
a small ball of twine; two letters; a play host here. As our slavey has de-
little surgared tlagroot and peppermint parted for the night, France will just
lozenges, a penknife, a button hook, a speed down street and order you some
tuck-comb, and finally the telegram. I dinner. The fnat may accommodate
"'Come Thursday, without fail. my family, if France may room with
Francis O. K. read Henry slowly. fEllis."
"Why, confound the fellow, he changed "1 see but one obstacle to your ar-
the first letter, making it read 'come,'I rangements," said Miss Grey, smiling.
instead of 'home.' It should read: I hat is that?"
'Htome Thursday, without fail. Fran.- "TKhe baby."
els O. K.'" True enough, the innocent slumber-
"There! didn't 1 tell you it said ed, the world forgotten, by the world
Francis was ill?" In a tone of triumph, forgot; but there was an hour of
"Why, I can not see-why, mother! awakening; there is always such an
you don't mean-by Jove!" and Hen- hour hung in futurity for babes.
ry broke into laughter as he realized There was confusion, perplexity and
how Francis and hillis were simply embarrassment, during which Henry
shaking with mirth, and for full five once more, under his breath, reiterated
minutes the three youths indulged in a former statement regarding the ba-
great merriment, while Polly from her by's presence, too strong to be men-
cage, shouted: toned aloud.
"Let me out! Oh, you fools!" and Then France solemnly advanced to-
joined the laughter heartily. ward the baby, taking out his penknife
A gradual look of injury crept into as he did so.
Mrs. Whitcomb's face, that grew into "1 will soon get rid of him," he said.
an aggrieved expression that quivered Whereat Mrs. Whitcomb, seized him
her dear old Up pitifully; and Miss by the shoulders, and setting him aside
Grey, seeing it, went over to the ene- stood over the babe.
my at once, and, going to Mrs. Whit- "What are you going to do?" she de-
comb said, gently,- handed.
"Do not mind them, they are so very "Just cut his jugular vein. It is a
foolish simple mode of keeping him quiet,"
"But I see nothing to laugh about," said France, calmly.
said the good mother, and in a moment "No you won't Francis Myddleton
the young men came soberly back to 1 hitcomb. I ain't no objections to
her chair. Henry taking advantage or \Winslow's soothing syrup when wor.
Miss Grey's softened countenance amn ried, but you shan't try anything about
saying, in a tone once more restored juggling veins. Ain t yot ashamed
to tranquility and full of the respect of yourself: What do you know or
and reverence he felt for his mother,-- i.aine.-, and a mother's feelings!"
"This, dear mother, is Miss Cather- I "to le sure, 1 never was a mother,'
ine Grey; sie will one day be your sail Franice, while Miss Grey agreed
daughter. ~ ill you forgive us out i ill .Mrs. \% hitcomb about still caring
rudeness just now, and welcome her to. the lalne, even when Henry ex-
to your heart as gladly as you are wel- plainLed 1 rarnte could take it to the
come to our sight?" [ children's Hlome where it would lie
W ho could resist so sweet an appeal'* h.indly cared for.
Not the two women who loved him, No the brothers once more exchang-
So they kissed one another, and mur- ed glan:rcs of resignation and in a
mured pleasant words that were not snort ine1 .trs. I hit-omub was 'quite
mere commonplaces, until Francis!ai lionme ihi te flat. and she and Motn-
broke out with,- Is.eur losti settled themselves for a
"But mother, the baby: You haven't 'conitortatle evening, while France de-
explained the baby! I confess that in- cared it was shameful that Marie
nocent factor in this great scene is in- slioluI not see something of the city,
comprehensible. The baby spoke fot and proposed taking Marie to the
itself, just now, but let us hear your theatre. And as Mrs. Whitcomb haun
aide of the story." very few ideas of the unlimited ex-
Mrs. \Whitcomb launched at once into tent of chaperonage due one innocent
a vivid description of the adventures, damsel of this century, Francis bore
and the mirth waxed high again as she away the demure Marie, and she lived
proceeded. The baby being deposited, il a: dream of delight, hardly knowing
fast asleep, on the sofa, Marne was whether she was most pleased with
brought forward, blushing and shy. the play in progress or the prospect of
Henry, seeing her confusion, added to a second walk home under the stars.
it, as his mother finished her story, by I .Atlr more than one passee face was
asking, mischievously,- turned toward the radiant young couple
"And why did Fanchette, come, Ma. and there was no criticism for the
rie?" shabby turban and worn tippet when
"Oh, because we came," said Marie, they met such a contrast as Marie's
innocently. blonde curls and peach-tinted cheeks.
"And why did Polly come?" As for France, he did not know
"Because papa came." whether' Marie wore a turban or a
"And you, Marie, why did you come'!" saucepan on her head, but he was
Marie blushed furiously and hung ready to declare either adorable.
her head. C certainlyy there never was a more de-
"I don't know," she said softly. lightful New Year spent than the one
"Do any of your neighbors know, tile % hitcoiml brothers made for their
Marie?" said Henry, with a teasing unexpected guests. They had a most
laugh, and one of her neighbors sumptuous tinnller, 1Mr. and Mrs. Grey
thought he did know, for he pressed and Catherine being present. The baby
her fingers surreptitiously. bellaved with the most praiseworthy
"Well, I can't see anyhow," said discretion. Polly was loquacious, but
Mrs. WVhitcomb, suddenly, "1 don't in a more discriminating spirit; ann
know what O. K. means, but it must iachette showed her appreciation ot
be something funny; and yet I think the situation by a patient hopefulness
Faneis looks flushed. What does it for turkey bones.
mean?" The health of the bride-to-be was
"0. K., mother, in the elegant ver- tossed off li cider, and M. Tosti got on
nacular of the American language, his legs for a speech, interpolated by
means all correct, secure, safe, in per- cheers front Polly, and heard within
fect repair." gravity that was a virtue in the rest
"Oh, now! Henry Leviticus Whit- of the party.
comb, I know I'm an ignorant old wo- Ilenry responded in a manner that
man but I do know how to spell, and brought tears to his mother's eyes, and
If all your schooling ain't taught you proposed another toast, "Our Mothers."
better than that, I haven't much of an' And as company were about to re-
opinion of that high school education pond, the most gratifying episode of
that gave you the diplomacy!" the day occurred to add to Mrs. Whit-
Ellis retired hastily to the window, comb's entire satisfaction. There was
and Henry refrained from glancing at a commotion in the hall, a violent ring
his fancee, as he said,- at the door bell, and before any one
$4.00 for $2.001!
Seed you, must have to make a garden, and the AGRIcCULTUJIST you should have to be a
sucesslul gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send as one new subscriber
and $2 an we will send~you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogle of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Grilling's Improved
tine. .......... .. ...... 10 Thornless.. .. .. .... .. 10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston......... .5
Pod.... .... .. ..... .10 Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .10
Dwarf German Black Griffing's White Wax.... .10
Wax............... .10 Peas, Alaska.. .. .. ...... .... .10
S Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma. ................ 10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.... ...... 5
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ......5 Ruby King.. .. .......5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .......... .5
nip..... .. ...... 5 Grifng's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. ................
Wakefield .......... ..5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
Early Summer.... .. ...5 Tomatoes, Beauty .. .... .. ....
Gritling's Succession .... .5 Money Maker.. ........ .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.... .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers. Improved White Spine. .................. .. .
S Long Green Turkish.... .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .3
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
Corn, Hay, Oats,
And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.
Oats, 125 pound White Clipped -
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, -
Corn, II0 pound Mixed, -
Bran, pure, in h ndred pound sacks
Hay, Number I, -
All F. O. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people ate so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co.,
Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will till all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.
could move, in tleir midst appeared an osculatory caress, that she had to
; wild-eyed. thin little woman, with laugh a little at her own success, and
a pale face, crying, "My baby, my this roused Mrs. Whitcomb to a sense
baby, where is my baby?" of Marie's blush, reflected in the face
In less time than it takes to tell it of Francis.
the babe was in her arms, while Mrs. "Good land!" she ejaculated, softly,
Whitcomb embraced both mother and "You couple of babies! What do you
child, then Henry, Marie and Francis, mean?"
:and wound up by embracing M. Tostl; "Wh'Vy you haven't forgotten so soon,
bestowing a hearty kiss upon his little mother, that Henry telegraphed,
skull-cap, as she exclaimed: "I knew "France is K.' "
it. I knew it! I told you so!" "Chestnuts," said Polly, gravely. And
But then, as Fancis said, she never ino one contradicted her, possibly ba.
had told them, and if.she had it was no cause no one doubted; while the story
more than she always did, and she was the oldest ever repeated, it is al-
needn't be so proud about it. ways new in the ears of those who lis-
And then they had to hear how the ten, and perhaps because Polly might
lspr nlotlher had gotten out to tele- have been a bird of Paradise to Fran,
graph her husband, and confused by cis and Marie, had they thought at all
the twilight. had boarded the wrong about her, while Mrs. Whitcomb stilt
train, only to discover her mistake too gazed into the fire, that held a picture
late. Hlow she had been wild with anx. suddenly dimmed by tears, for with all
ietry, and owing to our unsophisticated her motherly content, she also had
party appropriating the baby, she had her memories.
to hunt down the train conductor, then "Chestnuts," repeated Polly, gravely,
the hack driver, until much time was and felt to her regret that her re-
lost. marks were thrown away, save that M.
SLater in the evening, the mother havy Tosti awoke suddenly, and said,-
inl departed with her offspring, and "Vat you say, madame, is too true.
their other guests having left them, You are vise; how you say it? odder-
naturally sweeping Henry after them, vise? However, I knows not how dat
aud while M. Tosti nodded and dozed is, but I'll take tea some more. It is
over his tenth cup of tea. Francis vera goot!"-Waverly Magazine.
and Marie sat down near Mrs. Whit- *
.omlb, and France laid Marie's hand TO THE DBAL.
over the large, folded hands of his A rich lady, cured of her detsimee and
mother. She patted it absently and noses in the head by Dr. Nicholsoa's
gazed into the fire. Artificial Ear Drums, gave $sm to hte
Just at this moment, Polly, who had Institute. so that deaf people unabl to
been unwontedly observing all day, procre the Ea Drums may have the
made a noise so sweetly suggestive of diltute, 7N" Eiht Avenue. New Yor
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. T7
George Mobley, proprietor of Lees-
burg's meat market, has 120 acres in
velvet beans. He will shortly turn in
a herd of cattle on them to fatten. He
tested the velvet bean last year and
the result was in every way satisfac-
Pineapples continue to go to market
in large quantities, several car loads
passing through one day last week,
and at nearly every station between
here and Fort Pierce the train had to
stop to take on more. The prices are
not as high as we wish they were, but
every little helps.-Eden Item in East
The orange and grapefruit ship-
ments for the week, ending with yes
terday morning's shipment by the
steamers St. Lucie and H. B. Plant,
were 3,639 boxes by freight and 1,043
botes by express, making the total for
the week 4,682 boxes. Previously re-
ported for the season 9,665 boxes.
Total to date 14.347 boxes.-Fort My.
The famous Manatee river oranges
are now being shipped north with a
rush. It may now be said that the
heavy shipping season is on, the re-
cent cool weather having put on the
finishing touches of gold, and the
fruit now being shipped is extra fan-
cy stock, and is bringing handsome
prices. There is no question now but
that the present crop will reach 175,-
000 boxes and possible touch the 200,-
000 mark.-Bartow C.-I.
A horse clipping machine will be
found at C. W. Butler's barn where
horses will be clipped at $1.50 each.
All long haired horses, that get wet
with sweat during the day, are quite
apt, in our humid air, to remain wet
and consequently cold throughout the
night and in the morning the hair of
such horses is found still damp and
sticky; not to mention smelling badly
from the ammonia absorbed from the
table by the salty sweat. If clipped
the hair of the same horses would
have become dry in a short time and
the horse thus not only would be cooler
during the warm day, but also warm-
er during the cool night.-St. Peters-
The largest pinery in this vicinity
was planted by R. J. Cammock at
South Creek, consisting of 4,000
Smooth Cayenne plants. Then comes
E. R. Marsh, G. H. Matheney and
Dennis Driggers with well growing
pineries. G. B. Prime has 500 Abbak-
as set out. In the town of Sarasota
the Red Spanish seem to be the favor-
ites, of which A. D. Albritton has 500
plants, Campbell Mitchell 300, J. P.
Carter 340, J. L. Vincent 500, T. F.
Blair 100, T. Broadway 75, J. M.
Bates 100 and Frank Higel 100. These
are this fall's planting, and are all do.
ing well. With this good beginning
we may expect a large increase anoth-
er year.-Sarasota Times.
The statement last week that the
Pierce crop had been bought by Gad
Bryan was a little too previous. The
W. B. Makinson Company have
bought orange crops of both Mrs.
Pierce and Doc. Pierce. The purchase
price is $7,000, and the two crops are
4,000 boxes. In addition to the oranges
there are four hundred boxes of grape-
fruit for sale. As these fruits are now
selling for from $6 to $8 a box the
profits from this source should be con-
siderable. The two groves together
cover 25 acres of hammock land. The
orange and grapefruit crops combined
will yield this season about $10,000,
which is at the rate of $400 an acre. -
The answer of the Disston Land Co.,
to the bill of complaint of the Trust
Company in the $2,000,000 foreclosure
suit, was filed last week by Joseph C.
Sibley, president of the company. The
answer admits all the allegations of
the bill, acknowledging the indebted-
ness and default in payment of inter-
est and presents schedule of the lands,
tenements, hereditaments, personal
property, corporate rights, privileges
and franchise of the company, Includ-
ing all lands acquired since the execu-
tlon of the mortgage. The schedule
is in the form of a printed book, 75
pages. showing the entire lands now
owned by the company and their loca-
tion in the counties of Brevard, Or-
ange,. Polk, Osceola, DeSoto, Lee and
Dade. The total acreage is in the
neighborhood of two million acres, of
which iO.OUO0 are In DeSoto and 400,-
000 in Osceola. Hon. J. M. Lee, of Os-
ceola county. is master in chancery in
this case, and the suit will be pushed
to a termination as fast as possible.-
Ft. Myers Press.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your came and
receive free books by return maiL Ad-
Dry Goods by Mail.
In Jacksonville you will fnd an up
to-date dry goods store. It is the store
of Cohen Bros., located in the big
Gardner building. This store will mail
to your address, free of charge, any
samples you may desire; and will pre-
pay the expressage, when cash accom-
panies the order, to any part of the
state on any goods purchased of them
to the amount of $5 or over (excepting
domestics). They guarantee prompt at-
tention, and will refund the money on
al1 unsatisfactory purchases. Write
Cohen Bros., in Jacksonville, for san-
pies of anything you wish in dry goods.
always bring high prices.
To raise them success-
fully, a fertilizer con-
taining at least 8%
Potash should be used.
Our books furnish useful informati on
all subjects relating I
crop rising. They are
A sent free. A
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach. Fla.
ITS FOR $1 I will send you a
S prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. I he
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park. Fla.
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
VHINCH E STE R
0 IINEW RIYAL" I
FACTORY LADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
Na mack Powder sh the met am with the NW RIVAL" It mil-
BER EPIAT MMI C. I- IaCgg
Florida East Coast Ry.
k ;1 -.- I-
GOOUTW S OeD (Iled Dows.) Set.Mi (hait Up) WOeWW iOM-D.
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r ie p.m. AI t l ........... lt .. .. a.
*mam. 9Admy ea.y 0'.
a.-S'Itu D llowblensgea4>at tatrt aTle: o
er rl r t arrival or depar e m tA 6 stt toM 8.
Peninsular and Occidental S. S. Co.
OOWW IOWS10OMl AT NIJAM I
MAHAVANA LNMSE. -
.......... .. ~"" Wusu,,er Keww. c. .I"
Reve a-l Thun .. ..... v........ mae cl mon.ec-
iKe Wes Thuaz ........ .a p.m. =6iArret = I ................ a.
fo l Ama. am leave ftf, with steam. *leav
N w- YY Wk LIMB. -
y,,a a ng iv M si Oe
WarOWofowa tiel er ddurdAs &MY m.
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
Wse or service.
New York. Jacksonville Un, de-
PhpLila- u AI .IN.)r erfor -..
delp hia b& != = dLber; (me
en route) or "all I" via
o. BrIO tRANDi t ... ... ...... .... ... ...Dc.28.
P. S. Raymond, Agent Br Ga.ty ao
C. H. CMALLORAY CO .. G.. l .. ......l A P .. ... ........ e k. .
. RIO GRANDE .... .. .... .. .... .... .. . . ......... D e.14.
. s. COLORADO .. ........... ...... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... Dec. 21.
S. S. RIO oG AN ................ .. ... .. .... .. .......... Dee .2
For lowest rates. resrvations and atel information apply to
BASIL GILL, Age t, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
H. n. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts, Pier 21, E. R., New York.
7ao. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
4 Time=Tried and Crop=Tested! s
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE.
BLOOD AND BONE.
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and inaeeticides ge-.
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all. their fertilizing and insecticidde
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
= = Jacksonville, Fla.
Grew So Heavy.
N. O. Painter & Co., Jaeksoncille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill-
ser bought from you -about the first of
June. We had some gqpd showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer.
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what It has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22. 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jae~soncile. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla.. Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond Xy Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple
Osteen. Fla., Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaotion.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla.. Oct. 5th, 1900.
A.. O. Painter & Co., Jacksoaville, Fla.
C-entlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly. H. R. Sneed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
N MUST HAVE
"'l'tE IDE A IT," BR A N1\DS-
M HAVE THESE. ~'
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following puice
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................ .$300oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.... $28.00o per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE............. $3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................ 28.0oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$3o.oo00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ......................$2o.oo per tor
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .TJZR COMPANY,
ptea* ru, B m~ne a Doe, $18.00 pw tpe Dmaa.klmd Oano. To e I&aI Telbsco lertlUar,. 844.00 pr t.