YO URHSZ 1W iTE IN
Vol. XXVII, No. 45.
Early History of Orange Packing.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Dear Sir:-In compliance with your
request for some reminiscences of the
origin of the systematic handling of
Florida oranges, I will say that I ar-
rived In Florida on Thursday evening
early in November of 1875, and on the
following Monday accompanied my
brother-in-law, Mr. P. P. Bishop, to
Feaammma to attend a meeting of
the FPrt Growers' Convention. Dur-
ing the meeting I Introduced a resolu-
tion making the 12x12x27 box the
standard package of the state. The
resolution was adopted and the pack-
age has been used since. I opened a
packing house at Palatka and com-
menced the use of them at once, hav-
ing them cut from cypress at Mr.
Boyd's mill. The next year as there
were no veneer mills in Florida we or-
dered a cargo from Maine. After se-
curing the box It was necessary to
learn how to pack it so as to fill and
make a solid pack. This we found to
be a difficult problem. We spent much
time in experimenting, sizing and
learning how to place the oranges in
the box, eventually developing the
225. 200, 176, 146. 128, 96, 80 sizes
which with slight variations have been
It might interest your readers to
know why the 12x12x27 box was de-
Before coming South I canvassed the
cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse,
Utica. Albany and New York. soliciting
orders for Florida oranges. I found that
the few that had reached those mar-
kets were packed in soap boxes, meat
boxes, dry goods boxes and old flour
barrels, unwrapped and arriving in
very bad order. I secured a few small
orders in Buffalo and Rochester, but
could not sell an orange in New York,
although I canvassed faithfully, I was
met in every case with the statement
that the oranges were no good, that
they would not bear transportation.
They jeered me when I said that I
was going down to engage In the
.business of handling them. One prom-
inent dealer said that he thought
that I would simply illustrate the pro-
verb that a fool and his money would
soon part company. In the course of
the canvass I was seeking information
not only as to the best package to use
but also to learn all that I could about
the manipulation of oranges in older
countries. I called on several Italian
packers who kindly gave me a full
description of their methods of hand-
ling and packing and showed me pho-
tographs of their packing houses.
From all the information that I could
gather I reached the conclusion that
a square box that would give a mul-
tiple of 3 Inches would be the best.
After reaching here and conferring
with Mr. Bishop, going into a store
house where there were a quantity of
loose oranges, piling them up, compar-
ing the 12x12 space with *the 10x14 of
the foreign box we decided that the
12x12 was fta preferable and that size
w agreed upon
Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Nov. 7, 1900.
I might add in conclusion that the been down to see that Yankee who
results of my shipments from Palatka had come to show them how to pack
during the winter of 1875-6 were sat- oranges; that lie was shown quite a
isfactory, as they demonstrated that pile of nice-looking fruit in one corner
with a suitable package and careful and was told that unless it could be
handling and manipulation that or- sold in l'alatka it would be dumped
anges could be transported and sold, into the river. le guessed that Yan.
for when we closed the packing house kee would not last long.
in the spring, we had standing or- We did get more culls than we could
ders from New York alone for about sell in Palatka. Selecting the best of
200 boxes per week. In my canvass them. we packed and shipped them to
among the dealers and packers in New parties in New York who were very
York I came to the conclusion that the pronounced in their expressions of the
success or failure of the enterprise opinion that the Florida oranges would
would to a great extent depend upon not stand transportation. They reach-
the care in handling and the proper ed them in good order and sold for sat-
classification of the fruit, and that only isfactory prices. and we continued to
perfect fruit should be put in the box. ship them during the winter. The
We therefore from the start rejected house was so much pleased with the
creased, plugged, thorned and all Im- result that they sent a man down in
perfect oranges. As the result of this the spring to negotiate for an interest
care, we had but one complaint of in the business.
fruit arriving in bad order. We had a The most of the oranges handled at
considerable quantity of very fine or- Palatka were pulled from the trees.
anges from the Lee grove, Leesburg,
One lot came in a little soft. We ship-
ped 20 boxes of it to Mills and Ever-
als. New York, billing them ;t (i;(6>
per box f. o. b. Palatka. They com-
plained they were not quite up to .tan-
dard in condition, and asked for a re-
duction of $1.00 per box, which we of
course conceded. This close assort-
ing left a considerable quantity of cull
fruit. A laughable Incident in connec-
tion with this is worth relating.
Judge Gillis, a prominent lawyer of
Palatka, came into the packing house
one day to see what we were doing.
Looking about he saw quite a pile of
the culls in one corner, and asked what
we intended to do with them. I re-
plied that we expected to sell them in
Palatka. but if we failed we should
dump them. He expressed some sur-
prise, and soon left. Meeting a friend
on the street he said to him that he had
and as a consequence many of the
stems were pulled out and the skin
broken, and besides many were bruis-
ed by rough handling and had to be
put in the cull pile. We, therefore, con-
eluded that in the future we must buy
the oranges on tie trees, have the
stems cut, and provide for careful
handling in the various stages of the
work. This policy was inaugurated
for the next season's business, and as
most of the fruit came from the St.
Johns and Ocklawaha rivers a packing
house was built at San Mateo, as being
the most convenient point for concen-
tration. Contracts were made for
most of the oranges in sight, but the
severe cold of December 1, 1876. de-
stroyed all the fruit north of Lake
Munroe. and we practically lost the
season's business. In 1877-'8 there wvas
a considerable quantity of fruit.
Carrying out the policies outlined
Whole No. 1397
above we were fairly successful and
did a satisfactory business.
As our system required tight pack-
ing we found that the fruit must be
held until the skin softened and be-
came flexible, for if packed when It
was hard and crisp the cells would be
broken and more or less decay would
follow. We therefore held them for
several days after they were taken
from the trees before assorting, which
enabled us to detect the bruised. in.
jured and thorned fruit. Our assault
ing and classification was very careful-
ly done; each orange was taken up sep.
arately and carefully examined and
placed in the class where it belonged.
We made three grades of bright orw
anges and two of the russets, putting
them under separate brands. I put my
name on the first class, which was
supposed to be absolutely emrfect, and
will relate a little incident that occur.
red in relation to it. I was making a
trip through the west, and being de-
tained several hours at a lunetion
point, strolled up into the town, a
place of two or three thousand inhab-
itants. Passing up the main business
street. and happening to look up, found
that I was standing directly under a
sign. "Headquarters for E. Bean's Or-
anges." I went in and enquired what
there was about E. Bean's oranges
that justified so prominent a notice.
The proprietor replied chat when they
saw that name on a box of oranges
they knew that it meant that they
I have written the above, which 1
think is about what you asked for. It
is largely personal, but this could not
le avoided, as there was apparently
no one else who had the courage to
undertake such an enterprise. Later
on many dealers and growe.-r became
packers, using substantially the same
methods. E. Bean.
Culture of the Banana
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
The culture of the banana for the
local markets on the East Coast is
fairly profitable when freight rates
are not too high, unless there is an
overproduction. Some fourteen years
ago, W. A. Baugh started a plantation
on some very fine hammock land be-
tween Ft. Pierce and Indian River
Narrows, on the main land. At that
time he had but little market for them
locally and used to boat them up to
Titusville in a large sloop and take a
carload over to Orlando, where he sold
the bulk of his crop. His plants were
so much damaged by light frosts near-
ly every winter, that in '94 he aban-
doned the undertaking. He tried or-
ange culture but die-back was so bad
(the Bordeaux mixture being then un-
known) that he abandoned that, too.
I have been growing bananas my-
self in upper Dade county for some ten
years, but owing to the cold waves
b;e THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
since '94. it has not been very profit-
able. Before that it paid pretty well.
The Cavendish variety is the only ba-
nana which it pays to grow, owing to
the fact that it is the only first-class
variety which will fruit in from nine
to fifteen months, also to its dwarf
habit which enables It to be more
easily protected from the wind. The
richest hammock land should be select-
ed. It should be from three to six feet
only above water level, and thor-
The banana does best on land con-
taling plenty of humus. A clay or
marl subsofl, while not essential, is
preferable. Plant the roots, bottom
upward, about fifteen inches deep, us-
ing a little stable manure or commer-
cial fertilizer in the hole to push its
growth. If suckers are planted they
should not be over eighteen inches
high above ground, with large bulbs.
Clean culture is a necessity. Set
your roots twelve feet apart each way,
or eight by fifteen, and plow and har-
row from the start. Do not plow
very deep, certainly not over three
inches, and if you use a horse hoe
and cultivator which will stir
the soil well to that depth and never
let the weeds get a start, it will be bet-
ter still. My soil is fully fifty per
cent. humus and does not require any
nitrogen, so all I use is ashes and acid
phosphate, put on alternately about
three months apart. I can grow a
very respectable bunch without any
fertilizer, but after ten years culture
on the same land I produce a very
much finer bunch than when the land
Swas new, by the application of 1,000
pounds of cotton seed hull ashes and
800 pounds of acid phosphate per acre,
per annum. If your soil will not pro-
duce a stalk eight feet high and ten in-
ches in diameter at the ground in sev-
en to eight months before blooming
time, the cotton seed meal will be need-
ed. But if you don't need it and use
it, you will fnd your fruit will not
mature well and is apt to rot or ripen
slowly. When cotton seed hull ashes
cannot be had, hardwood ashes or lime,
supplemented with enough sulphate of
potash to give 100 to 150 pounds actual
potash per acre, can be used instead.
In the latter case, use your lime or
ashes when plants are from three to
four feet high and the potash and acid
phosphate three months later. No
caustic alkali can be applied with acid
phosphate without loss, as it will make
the latter Insoluble.
During the dry weather, you can
dam up the drainage ditches and thus
keep the soil sufficiently moist. Never
allow more than three stalks to the
root, one with the fruit bunch, one
just ready to bloom when the former
matures, and a third just starting up
to take its place. Under-these condi-
tions you can plant in March and
have a bunch containing 250 to 300
fingers, ripe the following December.
John B. Beach.
West Palm Beach.
Potatoes at Hastings.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Potatoes have been raised with some
success here for years. U. J. White,
back in the '80's, noticed some fine
Early Rose in St. Augustine grown at
Old's place. Mr. Erwin, in the spring
of '94, put in ten barrels; and since
then, the place has shipped potatoes
in increasing amounts, the increase
in acreage being gradual up to three
hundred acres last year. This year,
there will be over six hundred acres
planted, to say nothing of the fifty
acres or go in the fall crop. There may
have been others planting potatoes at
the same time as Mr. Erwin, but he
is the father of the movement that
makes potatoes our money crop.
Fall Crop.-This is usually planted
here about the 1st of October, though
there is a tendency to plant earlier.
The seed for this crop is the cull-
ings from the spring crop, kept over
summer and planted whole. The best
way to keep this seed, is to spread it
out, one layer deep, in a room where
it has some light, enough to green the
potatoes and make the shoots grow
stubby and green. The potatoes
shrivel up considerably and some of
them rot, but if the seed Is good and
the weather is not too bad. a fair ter than a small one as it does not dry
stand is obtained, when planted. Cut. out so quickly. It's not necessarily bet- r
ting the seed is fatal, as a rule. ter than a low one except where need- e
There is this point to be noticed ed. Here we try to get the seed piece n
about all potato seed; and that is the four or five inches above the furrow a
difference between keeping potatoes on either side, and then we open out b
for seed, and keeping them for eating these furrows so that the water will b
purposes. A potato exposed to the not stand in them any more than nee- e
light long enough to green and tough- essary. This the community has learn, t
en it is in ideal shape for planting; ed by bitter experience. It was the
it comes up sooner and is hardier, doing this that saved the crop last t
while a potato exposed in the same year. A potato will not stand mud and t
way is ruined for eating, hot sun. o
The fall crop gets about one or two Planting this far apart leaves the p
cultivations after planting, growing earth unshaded more than is desirable, u
till the fro.t kills the viles, and if but we have no choice. Our variety t
the ground is not needed, is left in of potatoes grows a big crop of tops, i
the ground, to be dug as wanted. that is one of its necessary quallfica- a
Otherwise it is dug and banked. tons, and I have often seen the tops t
There is no market for these Dota- meet between the rows at digging
toes until about February when they time. t
command $3 per barrel, f. o. b. In We aim to give the potatoes a cover-, t
March and April, they sometimes ing of four or five inches of soil. About t
bring *4.50. The market is limited, three inches at planting, and the rest t
and the potatoes move slowly. The as the vines break through the ground, s
demand, however, is improving, and This second covering serves two pur- c
a ready market is a probability be- poses, it smothers the young weeds t
fore many years. The northern mar- that would get the start of'the vine,
ket refuses to take these as new po- and it often saves the tender tips from 1
tatoes because the skin does not slip. a frost. The spring crop is cultivated a
Nevertheless, in some cities, they sell better, and oftener from necessity,
for from $4.50 to $5 per barrel, in than the fall crop.
small quantities. There are four potato planters in
Thirty barrels to the acre is a good town, three improved Robbins and one a
yield for a fall crop. I have done as Aspinwall: To the careful planter, I
well as fifty. This was from larger recommend the first. If a man op-
seed than culls, and points to the no rates it himself, he keeps track of
cessity of saving the seconds for fall both planting and seed cutting, as
planting. Much depends on the everything passes under his eye, and
length of the growing season. he absolutely knows whether things
The Spring Crop.-The potato is a are going right or not.
humus loving plant and therq is no The majority of the planters drop by
better preparation for the soil than a hand and cover with a riding usc cul-
crop of legumes plowed under. The tivator. There are some eight new ma-
more stuff plowed under this soil the chines of this sort in town, so you may
better, provided it is done in a ration- know that it is a popular tool. It is cer-
al manner. The vegetable matter tainly hard to beat on ridge cultivation. i
should not be plowed in so late that it Experience here seems to show that t
hinders capillarity of the soil in case of potatoes covered by discs give a more I
dry weather. The popular seed here certain stand than by any other
is the Rose No. 4. There is almost method. For hand covering a rake or
nothing else planted. This is time- fork beats a hoe, unless perhaps in
proved in this locality. Some pota- loose soil. There are two Dowden
toes do better in some sections than diggers in town, and there will be a
others. Some places prefer Pride of Hoover when harvest time comes.t
the South, Early Rose or Bliss Tri- Anything but an elevator digger is out
umph, for the same reason. It is a of the question. The plow sort covers
good thing for a community to plant too many potatoes. The potato dig-
one sort only. In this way a Hastings ger for green potatoes is not, to my
potato comes to mean a certain article, mind. so good as expert men with
The verdict of this community is in forks, but these are not to be had noa,
favor of a fair sized seed piece, wheth- and it is so nearly impossible to get
er it has one or three eyes. This is even sorry help enough to dig 800
the safe way, even if it does take acres in two weeks time, that these
more seed, as the shoot has more vig- machine diggers must solve the ques-
or it frozen back, and grows quick- tion.
er It makes a full stand much more When the potatoes are dug with forks
certain. I plan to split the bud end of the ridge is first barred off on both
the potato so as to reduce the num- sides with a plow, so that the crop is
ber of eyes on a piece. The bud eyes easily dug. We ship to a falling mark-
make the earliest potatoes so that is et, and the moment the potato falls to
another advantage. If there are still more than offset the fall in price, why
too many eyes on the bud end of a every day they remain undug is an in-
piece, I sometimes cut off a few. jury. Then we hustle.
The eye nearest the stem, is of the The potatoes are dug and immediate-
least use of any. It is more likely ly barrelled even if muddy. The less
to rot, and is slower to grow. sun they get the better. They are sort-
It is often claimed that the pota- ed on the field into three sizes, firsts,
toes should be cut and the pieces let seconds and culls. The first two sizes
stand a few days before planting. are put into barrels which are ventilat-
There may be conditions when this is ed by twelve one-inch auger holes, they
a benefit, certainly it is not necessa- are well shaken and the head is then
rily a detriment. But the overwhelm- put home with a press. If the barrel
ing testimony of the best planters is too much ventilated, the potatoes
north and of many experiment sta- reach the market in a less fresh con-
tions is that the sooner a potato is edition and do not sell so well. This is
covered up in the ground after plant- the time proved method here.
ing the better. Certainly one thus The requirements are no sun-
avoids a greater susceptibility to ning, called handling, good sorting,
freezing weather; and also the heat- full barrels, and not too much venti-
ing that the cut potatoes often under- lation. I am tempted to add, and all-
go even when bulked no more than rail shipment. Personally, I never ship
half a foot deep. This does not refer by boat.
to the argument for early cut- Counting interest on money, rent of
ting of immature' potatoes to make land, cost of all labor, mules at $1.00
them sprout, per each day, fertilizer, barrels, etc.,
The bulk of the crop here Is planted the cost of an acre of potatoes f.o.b. is
the last ten days of January and dug between $50 and $75. Last year gross
the first half of May. The planting is returns of $200 per acre were not rare.
doue about a foot apart in rows four It was an unusual year, and we can-
feet apart. Experience has taught not expect to do so well again. We
that big ridging is a necessity, had a virtual corner on the market
otherwise a rain is liable to rot The profits depend on the season,
the crop just as it is made. the skill of the farmer and the honesty
Potatoes planted fiat do not set here of the commission man. They are
any fuller than sweet potatoes do un- much greater than can be expected to
der like conditions. So I have a theory continue, but from what I can find
that Irish potatoes should be ridged out about the rest of the state, Hast-
where it has proven necessary to ridge wings will be among the last to starve
for sweet potatoes. A big ridge is bet- on this crop.
A fair spring crop here. Is forty bar.
els per acre. Mr. Erwin averaged
ighty-flve on five acres last year,
ay average was sixty-one, on twenty
cres. Our averages would be much
better if we let the potatoes mature
ut these averages would be good. ev-
n if the four foot rows were near
U. J. White plants sugar cane in be.
ween the rows of his potatoes and
bus grows two crops on the same piece
f land with one fertilizing and one
)lowing. The cane Is just' coming
ip at the harvest time but no attend.
ion is paid to it until the potato crop
s out of the way. Most people ridge
gain and grow a crop of sweet pota-
oes after the Irish potatoes. The re.
mining fertility and the condition of
he soil brings a usual cropof from two
o four, hundred bushels. This reta
ion cannot be kept up indefnitely as
he soil will not stand the drain. These
weet potatoes are no mean money
rop. They are dug as wanted during
he winter and bring from 40 to 50
uents per bushel f. o. b. This place is
beginning to ship them in car lots. The
Lctual cost cannot be over $25 per, acre.
The farmers here are mostly home
nixers of fertilizers, using cotton seed
neal, blood and bone, acid phosphate
nd high grade sulphate of potash.
All the big crops have been grown
on home mixtures. My own mixture
runs per acre,
700 pounds, bright cotton seed meal,
8 1-4 per cent. ammonia.
700 pounds acid phosphate, 14 per
300 pounds high grade sulphate of
I mix through a screen, having a 1-4
nch mesh and apply on the top of the
ground where the row is to be, mix it
n thoroughly and then ridge. I am a
thoroughh believer in having the fertl-
izer in the ground at least a week be-
fore planting, and well stirred in. The
seed is less likely to be damaged.
Organic compounds of nitrogen are
undoubtedly the safest here. As it is
often three weeks or a month before
he potato plant gets to growing well,
nitrate of soda would be of little use,
it would be mostly lost unless put on
separately as needed.
C. G. White.
Splendid stuck of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
afQ ange and trifollata.
," Enormous collection
Sand stock of bother
a t trees, Economic
Sr nt s Bamboos
Palms Ferns Conl-
fers and Mlscellane-
ous ornamentals. 17
RC6 year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees In the
Lower South. Send for large elegant'
w-, AGENTS ,"
The Riveter can be
used in any position.
IT IS Mends anthing where
LOADED a well-clnched rtvet
4 4 serves tbe p rpoe. For
heavy farm work. Can
be carried in the pocket. Agents make $3 to
S1s a day. Send 50c for sample loaded with
50 rivets and Ters to Apes. Address
PALMoiTTO SUPPLY CO.. DeLed, Fle~m
FITS FOR I8 I will send you a
I prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. The
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.
-anmt yuarr-- om
Can't you earn one of our premiums?
P- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 6
The White Tly.
Editor Florda Agrip*Wtwrist.
I ask to be allowed to endorse the
idea Intended by Mr. J B. Beach in
an article headed, "A Word of Warn-
ing," published in your issue of the
17th ult., but think Mr. Beach is so
misleading in the majority of his state-
ments in regard to the white fly, that
to follow his advice would be to take
great risks of running into the danger
of which he warns. First, he advises
defoliation 'before shipping nursery
stock, which is the precaution most
usually adopted in white fly regions,
and it does away with such larvae
and pupae as may be visible to the av-
erage observer, perhaps in many cases
all of them, but it is only a precau-
tion; for where as many as 5,000 eggs
may occur upon a single leaf, it can
readily seen that a high probability
exists of detached eggs becoming
caught in the bark of the trees, or in
packing material. Again, when the
larvae first hatches out, they possess
for a short time, some little power of
locomotion, and at such times might
easily become brushed from the leaves
and packed with defoliated trees.
Again, Mr. Beuch says, "Hydrocyan-
ic acid gas will kill them certainly."
Of course it would kill any adult fly,
absent minded enough to remain pron
the tree for such treatment.
If thoroughly used the gas ..ight
possibly kill all of the larvae and pu-
pae, provided that they had no acci-
dental protection, such as covering of
gum or dirt during fumigation, but any
one who has had any experience with
insecticides in general, knows how
much more difficult it is to destroy
the eggs of an insect than the larvae,
pupae or adult and when we consider
the accidental protection, that is
likely to be afforded a few eggs dur.
In a fumigation, we know that we are
taking a great risk in receiving even
the most thoroughly defoliated and
gas treated trees or plants of any kind,
from any white fly vicinity, for the fly
has been found on over twenty differ-
ent species of trees and plants and
may be sent out in the packing ma-
terial of plants not subject to the fly.
In short, any locality infested by the
fly, may send it out in some of its
stages, in any package of plants or
even fruit, and I understand that the
fly has been introduced from nurser-
lea when both defoliation and the gas
treatment were practiced. With kind
wishes for all, but with justice to the
orange industry of the state, we
should exclude so far as practical, all
products from infested regions, for
the fly occurs in such countless my-
riads, that with ihe greatest of tare
upon the part of the shipper, the ac-
cidental packing of a few eggs, larvae
or pupae is only too probable.
A box of orange trees was brought
here by a "new comer" from an in-
fested locality and while the trees
were apparently clean, they were
promptly paid for by the neighbors,
soaked with kerosene and set on fire
and if such precautions had been tak-
en, the growers of the localities now
afflicted, would have saved thousands
of dollars for every one thus expended.
*Last, Mr. Beach's statement in re-
gard to the "infested stock from Polk
and Hillsboro counties," is certainly
evidence to the effect that he has been
misinformed, at least so far as Hills-
boro county is concerned. As to Polk
county I cannot say, but had never
before heard of the white fly occurring
there. In Hillsboro county I am pret-
ty well acquainted with the orange
industry, and doubt if the white fly
can be found in any nursery in the
county. Of late it has occurred in one
door yard, and one grove in Hillsboro
county, but the nearest white fly to
this place will have to cross twenty
miles of salt water to reach us. In the
two places in this county where it do.es
occur, it is r ;ad to have been brought
from Manatee county, where it has
been for many years, and where, it we
except Ft. Myers, probably 90 per cent.
of the white fly of Florida are to be
The lower six miles of the Manatee
River Region, has the fy pretty well
distributed, but lany groves even in
the midst of the Infested region, have
s* far escaped, while others have in weak-kneed, half-hearted way, that re- I
a measure held the fly in check by suits in half done work and means fail- *r
spraying. So far, no one seems to have ure. Cyrus W. Butler.
made an entire success of ridding a St. Petersburg, Fla. T
grove of the fly by spraying, but were 0 0
it not for a return of the fly, from out- The Tangent Fruit Brusher.
side of the grove, it might possibly be In another column will be found an
done. At times a pai-astic fungi will advertisement of a machine, a fruit
almost clean a grove of the fly for a brusher, offered by Wright Brothers, ac
year or so, but it usually reappears. of Riverside. Cal., which we think will pL
In justice to the Manatee River be of considerable interest to Florida an
country, however, will say that in spite growers.
of the predations of this worst of all The matter of brushing fruit before
citrus pests, it is quite possible that packing has only recently become of
the lower six miles of the River importance to our packers, though a
Hegian, may this year produce and number of them have been in the habit
market four times as many boxes of of having some of their fruit brushed
oranges and grape fruit, as any simi- by hand; but the wide spread of the
lar area of the East Coast, or any other white fly and other insects causing
part of the state, for that latte. but mold and smut will soon make this
without the fly, would do far better, brushing more necessary.
Upon the whole, as our Legislaturek is d b
was too economically? inclined to When this work is done by hand
ass the bill suggested by the State there is not only attached to it a large
pass the bill suggested by the State e n it requires from ten to 111
LHorticultural Society, which bill would expense, as it requires frol ten to the8
have afforded some protection against twelve men to carefully brush a car
the spread of injurious insects, the of oranges a day; but the difficulty of roduc
only course of action left for us is a getting the umber of men necessary All W
universal individual effort on the part on short notice makes this hand brush- Tem
of those in infested regions, to avoid ing some times (uite impossible. thma,
any chances of sending the white fly With the machine however, when it l iers
out, and of those in regions not infest- is properly arranged to deliver the
ed to remember that the price of or- brushed fruit to the grader, only one ea
anges as of "Liberty," is eternal vigil- additional man is needed, who turns Wee
eace. I and fe"ls the brusher and who in this disease
Every grove owner has a right to way does the work of twelve men. Elect
know where all nursery stock arriving The cost of the process then becomes Appl
at his locality comes from and as it nominal and the better prices secured whech,.
:, ".. which
"'. : No.4, f
THE TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER.
would be impossible even for an ex- i for improved fruit makes it imperative.
pert to say that a given lot of trees The brusher was worked out by
did not contain a few eggs or larvae, Wright Brothers on their own crops
would It not be better for a community in California, where they are large
to pay for and burn a hundred boxes growers of oranges. They had the
of clean trees, rather than to accept same problem before them that is now
a single infested tree? seen in some parts of Florida. The ne-
In case that a colony of ithe fly cessity of packing clean, polished fruit
should be found, perhaps the best and the ditticulty and expense of get-
course (if not informed on the subject; ting men enough to brush it by hand.
would be to write at once to the state The experimenting was done on their
Entomologist at Lake City; but in lieu own fruit, and only after the brusher
of better methods, if the colony was was perfected by two years work on
upon a small tree, over which a tent a large scale was it offered for sale.
could be quietly placed at night, so It has since been sold in California
as to avoid disturbing the adult for three seasons and used on 10.000
fly and then the hydrocanic acid car loads of fruit.
gas treatment thoroughly given. In California now almost all the or-
the adults could be safely considered anges are brushed by machines; even
dead and the tree could be then burned the cleanest fruit looks better for the
or the tent kept over it and repeated- polish they give; and in fact dirty
ly treated with the gas at intervals of fruit cleaned and.polished by them
some days, for three weeks, Or if the looks and sells better than clean fruit
gas was not available, sulphur might packed as it comes from the grove -s.
be burned under the tent long enough *
to destroy the fly and the tree too, The Marine Food Products of the
Should the colony appear upon a large East Coast.
tree, it would do to wait until the tly
was in the larvae stage, which would Editor Florida Agriculturist:
usually occur in about three weeks af- The following article was read be-
ter the appearance of the adult and fore the Farmers' Institute at Titus-
then keep up the spraying with the ville:
kerosene emulsion, resin wash or resin Among the leading questions asked
compound until all of the larvae were by persons of limited resources who
dead, but it would take the most thor- anticipate seeking a home in a aew lo-
ough repeated sprayings to accomplish cality, is: "How can I subsist myself
this, and family while preparing the soil to
Let not the warm sun and soft winds plant a crop, giving it the care it re-
of Florida lull us into that feeling of quires, and awaiting the returns of the
false security, or even worse, apathy, shipment?"
which leaves all to chance and then la- To none other than the husband and
ments the luck; or when a necessity father does this question assume the
for action occurs, to do so, in that importance it really implies, and whereI
reats All Disease.
[ethod Invariably Cures All
tarrhal, Bronchial, LMng, Ste
h, Liver, Kidney and Other Com-
mints, as Well a All Disems
d Weaknesses of Women.
In Dr. Hathawa y's t
extensive practice, ew
called upon to treat ag
manner of diam r of
men and women and
es lon the whole shole neo
human atlments he has
been uniformly me-
Dr. Hathawasy's me-
thod of treatment gets
directly at the ftt of
the trouble, purifies the blood
tones up the whole system and
ooLd neutralizes the pois which
the diseased conditions.
Yearly he restores to perfect
seas1e health thousands of sufferer
tgid. from Catarrh. Brmochts, As-
Hay Fever. Lung Complaints. Stomach.
ad Kidney Diseases. Piles, Tumors, Can-
izemaand all manner of skin afecions.
Dr. Hathaway also treats with
fa the greatest success a those
*n many distressing weaknesses an
s by which so many women are aflleted.
j Dr. Hathaway's offes ae fitted
Switch a the latest electrical aw
maee. other appliances. in the use c"
as well as the microscope, ne has word-
me as an expert. All f the medleloa
y Dr. Hathaway are compounded In hi
ooratories, under his personal direction.
cial remedies are prepared for each n-
l case according to Its requirements.
Dr. Hathaway has prepared a
he sendsfree on application: No.1, for
ro. 2, for Women; No. 8. for Skin Diseaes;
r Catarrhal Diseases; No.. foir Kibeeys
hia for consultation at ether his
e. office or by man .
NVWTON HATHAWAY, AL .
Dr. Hathaswy *bac
ma Street, Saar.mh, Omk
sTION THIS PAPER WHEN WPBrlPO.
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.
Lyle & Co., Bartow, Ra.
the natural conditions exist that per-
mit wholly or in part, the solution of
this inquiry, there will be found the
enterprising settler with his family.
ready and willing to do his part to
build up and add to the wealth and
prosperity of the locality which he has
selected for a home.
Of the two classes of individuals who
comprise the population of any newly
settled community the man of family in
to be preferred to the unmarried man.
He first stakes his all and permits no
ordinary obstacle to overcome his am-
bition to secure a home. The wife,
who shares in a more marked degree.
the duties, the privations, and the
isolation from society to which she has
been accustomed, feels it a duty to
teach the child in the absence of
schools, and inculcate the principles of
religion and morality in the household,
until such time as public schools are
established, and churches organized.
During all this period the family
must subsist either on a small fund
laid by for an emergency, or upon the
natural food resources of the country.
Nowhere in any section of the Unit-
ed States where opportunities are of-
fered to secure a home are there more
or better advantages to be found to aid
in supporting a family, from the nat.
ural food resources of both land and
water, than along the line of railway
known as that of the East Coast of
Florida. More especially the marine
waterways extending along the Atlan-
tic coast from St. Augustine to Miami,
which abound in food products of var.
-m THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ions kinds sufficient to tide over in any
emergency the necessities of individu-
als and communities.
These food products comprise fish,
oysters, clams, turtles, shrimp and
crabs. besides ducks, snipe, plover.
and the different varieties of game in
their season. When it is considered
that nowhere from the head of the
Halifax river in Volnsia county to Mi-
ami does the line of railway depart
from the river more than one or two
miles, the accessibility of settlers along
the line of railway to the river is as-
The opportunities afforded for rapid
transportation both for the cultivated
and natural food products has opened
up an industry among the fishermen
that has proven lucrative as a perma-
nent or temporary occupation to those
who wish to engage therein. The mild
and equable temperature enjoyed by
the inhabitants Is not conducive to
sickness or inconvenience by reason
of exposure to wet or dampness as In
northern localities under like condi-
tions, and the returns for labor ex-
pended are profitable and satisfactory.
An inspection of the express cars daily
during the fishing season, at any of the
stations north of New Smyrna, will
satisfy any doubting individual of the
magnitude of the fisheries along the
east coast from New Smyrna south-
ward. Consider also the fact that only
the most desirable of the catch is trans-
ported to the northern markets of New
York, Philadelphia and other cities
where they bring good prices, and the
eastern section of Florida is only a
portion of the coast line. embracing
nearly 1,200 miles, of which about 475
miles extend along the Atlantic ana
nearly 700 miles along the Gulf of Mex-
ico, not counting the bays and estua-
ries that are included at the mouths
of rivers and harbors.
It is estimated that the coast line of
Florida will equal one half that of the
Atlantic coast line of the United States.
Imagine them if you can, the enormous
amount of food resources in fish alone.
that are contained within the area of
Florida's three league sea limit, the
land area of which can only be com-
prehended, when it is stated that out-
side of Michigan and Georgia, it is the
largest state east of the Misssissip
river, and in square miles exceeds all
of New Hampshire. Vermont, Massa-
chusetts, New Jersey. Maryland. Dela-
ware and Rhode Island.
Limited space does not admit of oth-
er comparisons, but a citation from the
report of Hon. L. B. Wombwell, state
commissioner of Agriculture for Flor-
ida, in 1898, states that at the begin-
ning of 1898 there were 5.200 persons
engaged in the fisheries. The outfit
embracing boats, vessels, nets, etc.,
was valued at $770,000. The total
number of pounds of their catch for
the year was a fraction over 32,000,000,
at a valuation of $900,000, which $512,-
723 were shipped beyond the state.
These figures are given to show what
has been done, and the opportunities
afforded residents of Florida to make
a success in securing a home in this
favored state, in addition to other pur-
suits. In many places the waters are
becoming depleted by unlawful fishing
and it is the work of the Florida Fish-
eries commission to endeavor to sup-
ply the waters with food fishes of im-
proved varieties not native to the state.
This in part has already been done by
successfully planting over 2,000.000
shad fry, obtained from the United
States Fish Commission, for a portion
of the rivers in Florida, ranging from
the Chattahoochee on the western
boundary to the Atlantic. Efforts are
now being made to secure a consign-
ment of fresh water fish, suitable for
Florida waters from the U. S. Fish
Commission for stocking the principle
lakes on the lines of the different rail-
ways throughout the state, the essen-
tial feature of which is to secure for
transportation for the U. S. Fish Com-
mission car and its crew from Wash-
ington, D. C., to Jacksonville, Fla., and
return, the preliminaries of which are
now under way, with every indication
of proving successful, as in the prev-
fThe importance of stocking the riv-
er and lakes of Florida, can never be
overestimated and the work
is being accomplished without pecuni-
ary assistance from the state of Flor-
ida. the necessary expenses being de-
frayed from the private resources of
the commissioners, except the trans-
portation facilities which have been
cheerfully granted by the different
lines of transportation. In this man-
ner the work is slowly but surely be-
ing accomplished, so far as conditions
permit. It is hoped that the next leg-
islature may recognize the work done,
with the limited means made use of,
and allow an adequate appropriation to
build up the superstructure upon the
foundation already established. In ad-
vancing these important facts, within
the environments surrounding a "Far-
mers Institute." though not strictly
agricultural, it is a means to bring
about an end, in which the individual,
the agriculturist and the artisan are
interested both for themselves and
their posterity. John Y. Detwiler.
Pres. Florida Fish Com.
New Smyrna, Fla, 10-13, 1900.
The Honey Bee's (Place in Horticul-
A paper read by W. S. Hart before
the recent series of farmers' institutes
held on the east coast:
Although there may be those here
present who are well up in vegetable
physiology, it is at least open to ques-
tion whether the great majority of the
tillers of the soil, he they agricultur-
ists. horticulturists, pomologists or
merely mechanical workers in this line
of industry, realize the full import of
sex in plants and trees, the import-
ance of cross fertilization, or the in-
dispensable part that insects play in
bringing to highest perfection the v:eg-
etables, fruits and flowers of this
It is with a view to making more
generally known a few of the most
common and well-established facts in
this line. and especially the part played
by the domestic honey bee, that I now
offer this paper. Briefly speaking.
flowers are divided into three general
i. Perfect flowers, or herinaplrodi-
ties are those that contain both sra-
niens and pistils, and are mostly can-
able of self-fertilization to a more or
less perfect degree.
2. Those that contain stamens, or
nmall organs only, and produce pollen.
3. Pistillate flowers that have no
stamens, but present the stigint! tor
the reception of the pollen grain- that
alone can give them power t ) reoro-
duce their kind through plrfe.-t sec'ls.
Though the first of these is capable
of self- fertilization in many cases, Pro-
fessor M. B. Waite. in the United
States Agricultural Department Year
Book, says: Some fifty or more spe-
cies of plants are already known to be
more or less completely fruitless when
pollen from the some plant Is applied
to their flowers, although the same
plant mature fruit and seeds when pol-
len from another plant is used."
It may be possible for a plant or a
tree to produce fruit without the fer-
tilization of its flowers at all, like the
Washington naval orange, but such
fruits are seedless. There are com-
paratively few of this class, however,
fruit being in many cases nature's in-
ducement to man, birds and animals to
scatter her seeds abroad, as the honey
secreted in the flowers is her induce-
ment to the bees to carry pollen from
one to another, and thus work out her
great plans that make this earth in-
Cross-Fertilization Needed.-It is ne-
cessary to a full understanding of the
importance of cross-fertilization also
to know that even when a species of
plant or tree has perfect flowers and
is fully capable of self-fertilization by
its own pollen, if applied at the right
time. the fruits and seeds resulting are
far less perfect, being smaller in size,
less symmetrical in shape and the
seeds lacking in vigor as compared
with the product of cross-fertilization.
Nature seems not to favor this plan,
and often prevents self-fertilization by
causing the stigma to become recep-
tive some time before the pollen of the
same flower is ripe, or vice versa; or,
the stamens may be in one part of the
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplles
Poultry Netting "' Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT. IRON PIPE. BOILERS AMD PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
lEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
THE BEST ANTISEPTIC USED,
THE GREAT FRIEND TO MAN OR BEAST.
Penetrates Quick, Stops Pain at Once.
SHEUMIASI OR CHRI WILL ?OT UAT.
Family Size................................. ...... 25c
Horse Sizes......................... loc and 8i.oo
Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.
SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
SOa anrd $ p.r Bottle.
< SLOAN'S SURE COLIC CURE &
Stops Pa'r Irtataritly.
26 doses and good glass syringe in package $i.oo.
Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
PeorrlerI? of St. Loula, zlIo.
- 1ASS., V. S. A.
Premium Offer No 1 Any e ndiu' e Suair **and
$2J0 will receive an open-fae, stem-wind
and tem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your sbip-
ions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvilk, Fla.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. e
plant and the pistils at another, as In
Indian corn, so that more or less of
cross-fertilization is unlikely to occur.
Cross-fertilization is the means by
which both nature and science improve
our fruits, vegetables and grains, as
well as our domestic animals. Through
it we infuse new vigor into our older
cultivated crops or give them increased
value by adding to them most valuable
Pollen Must be Carried.-Bearing the
foregoing facts in mind, it is readily
seen that the passages of pollen from
one flower to another is not only de-
sirable, but vitally important as well,
to the very existence of much tile larg-
er portion of both the animal and veg-
etable life of the earth. Without it
the agriculturist and horticulturist
would find their calling gone.
'Nature provides varied means by
which this transfer is effected. The
wind that sways the wheat causes the
head of one plant to come in contact
with that of the neighbor, thereby
passing the pollen from one to the oth-
er. Water, birds. insects, all help in
the transfer according to the shape
and condition of the plant and flowers.
Some flowers themselves have curious
powers of shooting or exploding, or in
other ways throwing their fertilizing
pollen to the stigmatic surface of oth-
ers of their species. But of the high-
er forms far the greater part depend
almost entirely upon insects for this
transfer. So true is this that among
orchids where the most highly spe-
cialized forms of all are found, there
are individuals that depend wholly up-
on one particular insect, and, that fall-
ing it, the plant will remain in blos-
som week after week awaiting the
coming of this insect, and finally fade
and die without producing seed. Thus
it is that under glass they remain in
bloom much longer than in their na-
tive jungle. Mr. William Gibson, in an
article published in Harper's Magazine,
wrote: "It is now quite possible, as
Darwin demonstrated, to look upon a
flower for the first time and from its
structure foretell the method of its in-
tended cross-fertilization; nay, more,
possibly the kind, or even the species,
of Insect to which this cross-fertiliza-
tion is intrusted."
Suppose, for example, an unknown
orchid blossom to be placed in our
hands. Its nectary tube is five inches
in length, and as slender as a knitt!ug
needle. The nectar is secreted far
within its lip. The evolution of the
long nectary implies an tdautation to
an insect's tongue of equal length.
What insect has a tongue five inches
long and sufficiently slender to probe
this nectary? The sphinx-moth only.
Hence, we infer the sphinx-moth to be
the Insect complement to the blossom,
and we may correctly infer, moreover.
that the flower is-thus a night-bloomer.
Examination of the flower, with the
form of this moth in mind, will show
other adaptations to the insect's form
in tbe position of pollen and stigma.
looking to the flower's cross-fertiliza-
tion. In some cases this is effected by
the aid of the insect's tongue: in others
by its eyes.
The Bee's Great Work.-Our conm-
mon red clover, grown very successful-
ly in Australia for a number of years,
Should not produce seed. A bright
man imported the bumblebee from
England, and now the clover seeds
abundantly. But of all insects that
perform this useful work for the far-
mer and the fruit-grower, none other
can begin to compare with the honey
bee. Its value to the farmer and fruit-
grower can scarcely be overestimated,
and its work of cross-fertilization is
far more important and profitable than
its honey-gathering and wax-produc-
tion. Many of our most important
crops can no more do without the bees
than bees can do without flowers.
Honey is secreted by the powers to at-
tract the bee, and if her visit is de-
layed the flow continues and the flow-
er awaits her coming for days. or even
weeks, but after .the .bee's visit the
honey flow ceases at once, and the
bright petals fade and drop away.
Pollen is aso useful to the bee as a
part of the Tood for its young. To
make more certain the visit to the flow-
ers, nature provides an abundance of
Use Peruna for Catarrhal Derangements.
Mrs. C. H. Buck, 2028 Douglas street,
Omaha, Neb, writes:
",I have used Peruna and can
cheerfully recommend it as being
the best remedy for catarrh and
general debility that I have ever
used." Yours gratefully,
Mrs. C. Buck.
Mies Helen Murphy, apopularsoclety Mises Lllian Roenheld, a graduate
woman of Oshkoeh, Wis., is an ardent from the Conservatory of Music, Pari
friend to Peruna. The following is a is the violin soloist of the Chicago Goo
letter written by Miss Murphy, and mania Club. Miss Roenbeld used Pera-
gives her opinion of Peruna as a pre- na as a tonic, when run down by over-
ventive as well as ore for catarrhal work. She speaks of it in the following
ailments: glowing terms:
The Peruna Medicine Co,Columb
Gentlemen-" About three month
Peruna is applicable to catarrh of I contracted a severe cold at an ei
any mucous surface of the body in all reception, which settled on my
stages. From the slightest catarrhal and threatened to be very seriol
attack or cold to the most chronic or my mother has used Peruna wit
pronounced case of hypertrophic form results, she sent for a bottle for r
Peruna is a specific. I found that it gave me blessed
Men and women are subject to ca- Before the second bottle was con
tarrh. Women are even moresubjectto I was well.
catarrh than men. This is due to many
causes. The chief cause is the delicacy "We keep a battle of tt on
of her organism, as compared to man. all the time aad when I hav
The extreme sensitiveness of the mu- O-t In Icleaent wetkr, I
cons lining of every organ of a woman's ot in cement weather, I
body is well known to physicians. This dose or two of PFrunA and i
explains why, in part at least, so few vents my takjag any cok
women are entirely free from catarrh. kps my w ."
w vast multitude of women e keps e perfect wll."
found Peruna an indispensable remedy. very truly, Helen Murf
"Health and Beauty," a book treating on disease
to any address by Dr. Hartman, Columbus, Ohio.
pollen in those that secrete little hon-
ey. and vice versa. At the time of
fruit bloom in the North there is no
other insect abroad in numbers sufti-
cient to insure even a fair fruit crop.
In France. Germany and England or-
chardists are anxious to supply land.
rent free. near their orchards for the
location of apiaries. In Austria, a few
lays ago, experiments were made upon
several varieties of fruit trees, accord-
ing to a concerted plan. Results were
all of a like character, and the term
of blooming lengthened from one to
five days. according to the kind of fruit
trees tested. Many like experiments
have been made in this country, with
Causes of Abortion.-Rain at bloom-
ing time often ruins all prospects of a
fruit crop by preventing the visits of
the honey bee. Large blocks of pear
trees of a single variety failed to set
fruit, except upon a few of the outside
trees, until it was discovered that
cross-errtilization was the long-felt
want. A part of the trees being graft-
ed to other varieties and the location
of an apiary near the orchard, togeth-
er, brought abundant crops of perfect
fruit. In a town in Connecticut,. some
years ago before the establishment of
the Bee-keepers' Union, the fruit grow-
ers and others secured the banishment
of all apiaries because of their sup-
posed deplredations upon their fruit
bloom and ripe fruit. A few years of
failure of their crops convinced them
of their error, and they signed peti-
tions for the return of the bees. Where
fruit is raised under glass, bees are
brought In to pollinate the blossoms
or it must be done by hand-a slow,
imperfect and laborious process. Ser-
ious injury has sometimes been done
to the bees by spraying with poisonous
compounds at blooming time. As bees
neither like a wetting nor a combina-
tion of paris green and nectar, they
seldom gather very much of poisoned
honey. and what they do take is gath-
ered when it is almost immediately
used in brood raising, so that none is
ever likely to be used by man; but
enough may be taken to destroy the
young brood in the larval state, and so
destroy the colony or do away with
all profit for the season.. No useful
purpose is served by spraying trees
while in bloom, and it may prevent
fruitfulness, both by preventing the
visit of the bees and by destroying or
washing away the pollen. Peach trees
that have been constantly sprayed
with pure water on one side during
bloom have failed to produce fruit on
that side, while on the other there was
an abundant crop. Spraying just be-
fore the bloom has opened, or soon
thereafter, far better serves all pur-
poses for which spraying is done at
that time of year, and so well is this
known that in most of the States it is
now prohibited by law to spray during
Do Not Destroy Fruit.-Many com-
plaints were formerly made of bees
destroying fruit. Some thought in vis-
iting the bloom that the bees took
therefrom its fruit producing elements,
The Perona Medicine Co,ColumbuasO.
Gentlemen-" I cannot give too gat
praise to Peruna. Last winter my ner-
vous system became so overtaxed from
constant overwork with my violin that
my right side seemed partially para-
I naturally became very anxilua and
consulted my physician. After giving
me a couple of prescriptions without
effect, he advised me to try Peranu, ad
I am glad to say it effected a speedy and
"Although the past year Jh
been a severe tax on me PIrauu
has kept me strong and rviap
ous." Yours truly,
es peculiar to women, sent free
or those that gave fruit their flavor. I
think I hardly need discuss that point
after what has already been said. Oth-
ers complained that the fruit was punc-
tured and eaten after it was ripe. This
was a far more plausible claim and ap-
parently sustained by fact, as the bees
surely work freely on ripe fruit. Close
observation, however, discovered the
fact that no fruit was eaten by bees
until it had been punctured by wasps
or thirds, or by other means, and that,
if left, it would soon have decayed.
The grape growers used to complain
loudly, but when they finally found
the bees only took Injured fruit, suck-
ing it dry and thereby preventing its
rotting and contamlinating adjoining
berries, learned to welcome the vis-
its of the bees. In studying this mat-
ter bunches of grapes were placed in
the hives in sound condition, and it
was found the bes would starve while
running over them. But puncture a
berry and they will suck it dry imme-
diately. Later microscopic examination
revealed the fact that the formation
of the jaws of the bee is such that it
is almost a physical impossibility for
them to puncture fruit. In place of
having cutting jaws like the wasp,
those of the bee are spoon-shaped and
smooth on the outer surface, so that
they stand about the same chance of
cutting into a grape that a mullet or
other toothless fish has'of cutting into
a sound orange.
Sharple's Cream Separators-Proft-
able ) airying.
ww THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Ir*am MnAgB sDPALATaNT.
All communications or enquiries for this de.
prtment should be addressed to
Fertiliser Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Applying Potash in the Pall.
There seems to exist a good deal of
misunderstanding among the orange
growers as to the real effect of apply-
ing potash in the fall. It is generally
supposed that the potash applied dur-
ing November is taken up at once by
the trees and used to develop its struc-
ture and render it less liable to be in-
jured by cold. If the grower would
stop and think a little he would see
that this was next to impossible. The
trees during November and December
are in practically a dormant state, that
is, there is no active flow of sap and
consequently there can be no assimila-
tion of plant food. Again, if the tree
was in a growing state it could not
take up the potash and utilize It in the
time allowed "to harden the wood for
Now where does the benefit of
fall application of potash come in, if
this is the case? That is just the point
we wish to bring out. The fall appli-
cation of potash simply puts a supply
of that plant food within reach of the
rootlets so that when they first start,
under the warming influence of spring,
they have a supply to draw from and
the growth that is made is sure to be
well developed and capable of holding
fruit, developing leaves and buds and
building up the limbs and twigs. With
this supply on hand the trees are able
to get through the year and show good
results. We do not desire to be
understood as discouraging the fall use
of potash, but to point out where the
true benefit comes in. We would not
wish to deprive the trees of this plant
food which is quite deficient in many
of the fertilizers used during the year.
If the orange grower will commence to
fertilize his trees in June for the crop
of the following year he will have
much better returns in fruit than if he
waits till after the blossoms fall in the
spring to see how much of a crop he
has to fertilize. Treat your trees as
you would a high-bred animal. Give
them plenty of well balanced food to
enable them to build up a strong con-
stitution so that when draft is made
on them they will be able to stand the
strain without breaking down, and in
this way not only be able to produce
a full crop one year, but every year.
It is the aim of this department to
keep our readers posted on the prob-
able tendency of prices on fertilizing
materials, so that they can arrange
their purchases accordingly. Quite a
number of growers took our advice giv-
en several weeks ago to buy their re-
quirements of cotton seed meal and
they saved from $1 to $3 per ton ac-
cording to the time they bought. The
present indications are that C. S. meal
will hold about where it is at present
for the next 60 days and then will ad-
vance as the demand increases for
Blood and bone is, however, steadily
advancing and the price will advance
to $30 per ton before December 1st,
therefore early purchase means money
Answers to Correspondents.
Editor Fertilizer Department.
We used the mixture you made for
us to apply on orange trees that were
considerably affected with die-back. I
You never saw trees improve like they
have in your life. I think that we will
use some of this mixture around about
all of our trees. Please let me know
what you think about it, and if you
consider that it will be beneficial and
profitable enough to justify the ex-
pense. Please let me know about
what quantity of this mixture we
ought to put around a good large bear-
ing seedling tree for best results.
Your report that the mixture benefit-
ed your trees, should be evidence en-
ough that the results would justify the
expense. You cannot expect good fruit
unless your trees are in a healthy con-
dition. If your trees have any symp-
toms of die-back, it is best to use the
mixture until they have fully recover-
ed, and instead of the leaves having
that dark. glossy green that prevails
during die-back, they have lightened up
to a light green, then you can apply
some well balanced fertilizer and keep
your trees in a healthy condition. Ap-
ply 15 to 20 pounds to the tree, ac-
cording to the size.
Editor Fertilizer Department.
When yon were at my place, I show-
ed you some two year old Satsuma or-
ange trees, budded on rough lemon
stock. They have some oranges on this
year. but they are coarse and pulpy,
thick-skinned, and too much rag. The
last fertilizer used was your Simon
Pure. No. 2, and the trees are healthy,
no die-back, scale, or anything of that
sort. Some fruit was scabby this year
and some of last season's growth
showed scab. but not much. Now the
trees are large enough to bear I want
your opinion what to fertilize with,
and when. I thought I would spray
with Bordeaux mixture early in spring
for scab. Any advice you can give
would be appreciated. What do you
think of kumquat on rough lemon
stock. C. B. T.
The condition of your fruit is a nat-
ural result of a healthy and vigorous
growth. If you desire fine fruit, you
must sacrifice growth, but if you de-
sire growth, you must sacrifice fruit.
For the best results on next year's
crop. it would have been better if you
had fertilized in July with this purpose
in view. We would not recommend
the application of fertilizer now, until
January or February; we would then
recommend Simno.: Pure No, 1 spread
broadcast and lightly worked 'n, and
let cultivation thereafter practically
cease with the exception of a scythe
or mowing machine. Let your grove
become as matted with grass and
weeds as it may, but do not let them
get too high before cutting them down,
is u l th T* If
sprinkle between the rows, at the rate
of 200 to 300 pounds to the acre. It is
best to mix the soda with something
else to increase the bulk, which will'
enable you to sow evenly and not be
so liable to get it near the plants.
Fertilizing Orange Trees for Quality
Editor Fertilizer Department.
The readjustment of orange growing
conditions in Florida since the 1895
freeze, owing to abandonment and
transfer of groves in the northern
part of the state with setting of many
new ones in South Florida, by novices,
makes the question of fertilizing for
fruit as live as ever while the effect of
gross organic nitrogenous fertilization
on the healthfulness and insect breed-
ing liability of the tree is worth serious
consideration. It was many years af-
ter the freeze of 1835 before oranges
were grown successfully again, partly
perhaps from frosting of young
sprouts, but principally from ravages
of the scale Insects and it was not till
the lady bugs, or fungus enemies were
established again that serious atten-
tion was given to the industry. It is
well known that gross growth from
cow-penning or organic fertilizers, like
blood and bone, cotton seed meal, etc.,
is much more liable to and more rapid-
ly over-run with scale than moderate
growth in natural hammock conditions,
but it is not so well understood that
vigorous trees fed on chemical sul-
phate fertilizers seem to contain so
much of the sulphur elements in their
sap as to discourage and retard the
spread of scale insects.
There are many groves that from re-
peated freezes have lost the fungus
and lady bug, natural enemies of scale.
and although judicious spraying will
hold the pest in obeyance or hydrocy.
anic acid gas fumes destroy them en-
tirely. yet the conservative grower will
aid nature as much as possible by col-
onizing natural enemies and fertilizing
and working his trees in a scientific
manner. Much has been learned as to
the chemical action of fertilizers in
soils and their physical action on
plants but in no species are these ef-
fects more marked than in the Citrus,
while the great variety of soil, drain-
age and climatic conditions in this
state make individual observation and
It therefore follows that only a few
general rules are of general applica-
tion, or reasons and facts that are
known or surmised to be of value in
forming these rules open to general
The drst rule of most general Im-
portance is the necessity of complete
fertilizers for continuously growing,
healthy trees and fully matured fruit
and another is the desirability of hav-
ing the materials in the form of sul-
phates for the finest fruit quality in
connection with tree resistance to dis-
eases and Insects.
Owing to the diversity of soils rules
for cultivation can not be formulated
very closely, but where sufficient ferti-
izers are used it is safer to cultivate
L iLem e ou e au ea. JLL Ou too little than too much and provide
follow this plan you will have a fine during the summer for some kind of
grade of fruit with matured growth green growth to shade the soil and
enough on your trees to furnish fruit provide humus.
Humus or partially decayed vege-
bearing wood for another season, table matter in the soil is the main
We do not recognize the disease you stay of successful continuous orange
call scab. If it is caused by a fungus grove culture with chemical fertilizers
growth the Bordeaux mixture will cure and it is most cheaply and safely ac-
Squired by growing on the land itself.
it. We prefer kumquat on trifoliata It is this point that causes most of
stock on account of hardiness and ear- the misapprehensions as to the com.
ly fruiting influences. parative effects of organic and chemi-
---- cal fertilizers on thin, or poor soils.
Editor Fertilizer Department. The best proved proportions for a fer-
I would like for you to inform me tilizer for fruiting trees is 4 per cent.
Sthon ie F t of ammonia, nitrate of soda or organic
Antony, F. nitrogen tre combined in the soil with
Dissol re two pounds nitrate soda in the potash and lime to form nitrates
a kerosene barrel of water and sprin- and a considerable amount of humus
kle along the rows At this strength, is consumed as carbonic acid gas by
Sr the nitrifying ferments in the process.
the nitrate will not ht the plants. If the soil is deficient in humus the
you wish to apply direct, pulverize process will be slow with sulDhates.
the nitrate soda as fine as you can and but as organic nitrogen fertilizers con-
Unhealthy Kidacys Wake Impure aB
All the blood in your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
blood purifiers, they fl-
ter out the waste or
impurities in the bloed
If they aresick or out
of order, they fal to do
r their work.
nmatm come from se-
ces of uric acid i the
--- blood, due to neglected
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries
It used to be considered that only urinary
troubles were to be traced to the kidney,
but now modern science proves that nearly
all constitutional disease have their begt-
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
and is sold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar siz-
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail Hoam ots swap.bt
free, also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kilmw
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.
tain a large amount of carbonaceous
matter the process will be more rapid
and the result in growth more quickly
apparent though the fruit will be thick
skinned and coarse and acid.
Next to thin soils in importance are
probably those containing hard-pan
sub-soil, bog ore or protoxide of iron
solutions. On these soils die-back is a
common occurrence. Thorough drain-
age, preferably by tiling to keep the
soil water from reaching the surface,
with light or no cultivation and mulch-
ing during the rainy season in summer
are beneficial as the protoxides seem
to revert the phosphoric acid of the
fertilizers to insoluble conditions, with
the effect of disorganizing the sap
functions of the trees and preventing
healthy tissue formation. There may
be cases where a small addition of sol-
uble phosphoric acid in the fertilizer
might be beneficial. Still another class
of soils containing shells and shell lime
or rotten limestone have an access of
phosphoric acid producing soft fruit
and sometimes Iron is also present,
causing where water is in excess an-
These soils undoubtedly call for close
individual study and experiment. If
rich in humus less nitrogen and phos-
phoric acid for a time with a full ra-
tion of potash might be beneficial
while if a high percentage of phos-
phoric acid is present in the soil less
in the fertilizer might help the carry.
ing quality of the fruit
In a general way all Florida soils are
deficient in potash and many cases of
limb blight are doubtless potash star-
vation as large percentages of this
element are present in healthy fruit as
bases for the acids and many soil spe-
cimens where large bearing trees are
growing contain only two or three
years' supply in an insoluble or un
available condition. Whatever ferti-
lizer is used therefore should contain
an ample percentage of. potash, and if
the sweetest, highest flavored fruit is
desired it can only be obtained with
certainty by using sulphate of ammo-
nia. E. 8. Hubbard.
The automobile is working its way
southward. Orlando now claims one
which is exciting the curiosity of her
I Ou- GI
17 Ma.. bye
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. n-- wi
PLORAt DEPAB~~ MElT. cured three plants and transferred
BY W. C. TBiBLE, them to my door yard while they were
In bloom. One of them I thought was
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDA of the most intense color of any flow-
er that I had ever beheld, and which
Xibis Southern Beauty. I suspect to be the Black Hawk var-
ety, as I believe that it answers the
We procured last spring from a firm description of that kind given in a fior-
of Southern florists, they do not adver- al catalogue, as follows:
tise In the Agriculturist, a plant label- "The largest and most beautiful
ed Southern Beauty Hibiscus. It has crimson scarlet yet introduced. Looks
like crimson velvet; the very shade so
grown vigorously all summer, making much desired in Chrysanthemums.
a tall very straggling bush. It showed Flowers of immense size on stout
no signs of flowering until in October. stiff stems."
It has been blooming now for two or The second one of my selections was
also large in size, and of a fresh rosy
three weeks. The flowers are dark purple color; the third was small in
crimson with as usual a darker center; size, and I only got it for the sake of
in this variety it is almost black. variety. All of them continued bloom-
The one plant has had from thirty ing through the flowering season, and
still present a vigorous appearance.
to fifty ne blossoms open at a time. During the latter part of the summer
They open during the night and close and early fall they drooped a little
up about noon. It is decidedly the while the hot, dry weather of that pe.
brightest, most showy of all the her- riod prevailed, but by a few moderate
baceous Hibiscus that we have seen. waterings applied just after sunset, I
carried them through till the weather
The leaves are five to seven parted dit- became more moist. And now they
fearing in this respect from all others are still rising and expanding their
we know. large, round buds, promising in the
Mr. Reasoner informs us that it is near future, a rich feast to the eye for
many days to come. There are few
an annual variety like Hibiscus sab- flowers that are represented by such
dariffa, or "Jamaica Sorrel." The an extensive list of choice varieties to
form of growth and manner of flower- select from as the Chrysanthemum.
ing very closely resembles that vari- M.
ety. The growth of the seed capsules The Hibiscus.
is also very similar to that of the "Ja- This class of plants is well suited to
maica Sorrel," except that it is not our soil and climate. The Chinese
colored like It and it does not thicken type blooms all the year, unless cut
up and become fleshy, down by the frost. They stand a good
n an an l is a e deal of cold, if the roots are mulched
Being an annual is a great objection, heavily, will come up and bloom very
as plants will need to be grown from soon after being killed to the ground.
seed each year. As it does not begin A friend of mine trains them into
*o bloom until October, it is very tree forms, they show up well. I have
also seen them trained on fan shaded
doubtful whether it will ripen seed ;n trellis. Besides the Chinese, I have
this part of the state, the Changeable or Variable Hibiscus,
In the extreme southern part of Flor. sometimes called "Cotton Rose," or
Ida it has run wild and become a weed, "Mexican Rose. This blooms only in
t, h v the fall, remaining about a month or
but, like the cypress vine here, it is six weeks in bloom. They open pure
none the less beautiful on that ac- white in the morning, turn pink by
count. noon, and red by night.
They grow quite large, and are rath.
atruin. er hardy. Mine is very double, but 1
saw a single one the other day that is
What is that delightful fragrance? on the other day that i
What flower can it be throwing out We also have an annual Hibiscus
such delight in the moonlight? Let us known locally as the "Cuban Holly-
walk around the grounds and find it. hock," that is very pretty, a dark ma-
Past the Geranium bed, Roses, Honey- roon.
suckles, they are sweet, but no, it is They take up so much room one or
not them-past the Allamandas, here is two will be all you want. This hand-
a large Oleander, not that; this "Crape some class of plants should be planted
Myrtle?" No, now turn here to the
Mrtle?" No, now turn here to te more freely thus beautifying many a
eft-he a large shrub of crimson waste place. They take care of them-
Hibiscus, ah! we are nearing it, are selves and can be had with so little
we not a few more steps. Oh! how trouble. Mrs. G. W. Avery.
fragrant! is it not delightful? It is the ub Mr Avery
Cestrum or "Night Blooming Jassa- Hibiscus.
ee those dear little bells, how pretty There is a pleasure and fascination
See those dear little bells, how tt the cultivation of flowers, by the
they look In the moonlight. When true flow&,r lover, unknown .to those
daylight comes they will all go to sleep who admire or like flowers.
and the plant or shrub will look very To plant an ugly brown or black
plain to you, no sweet scent will it give seed, and watch from day to day until
to you until the shades of night aD- a tiny green head pushes up through
Sm g i g soil, it does the black soil, bursting and discarding
Sits homely coat, unfolds its tiny leaves
not seem to be a plant desiring a very and bravely starts out to fulfill its mis-
wet soil; this one you see, is in a par- sion of brightening the earth with its
tiall haed oflhe, b Ih osion of brightening the earth with its
tially shaded place, but I have no flowers and perfume.
doubt it would grow out in an open Or perhaps it s a homely brown
spot provided it was watered well, but bulb, without leaf or root, which is
not so as to stand in a state of mud.
It roots very estly, as dos all oJmd. carefully planted and watched until it
mines," either in water or wet sand. pushes its long lender green leave,
'Tis a sweet shrub and I would not growing more lovely every day, and
Msawth eet she r of I ntheot ending by crowning its beauty with a
be without one of them. Gypsy. truss of beautiful lowers. Or it may
Manatee County. be a tiny cutting, the gift of a friend.
St that is set in rich soil where it takes
Ch.rn -bimunmm root and soon rivals its parent
The month 6f November is here, and Flowers have always been my dear-
that "Queen of Autumn," the ,Chry- est companions since my earliest recol-
santhemum will soon be arrayed in all election when, a lonely, motherless
its glory. Formerly my impressions baby, I searched for wild flowers
were that a flower that thrives so well around my home.
in the North would not be well adapted In fact my love for the little wild-
to the climate of Florida; but recent lings often got me into trouble, for
experience in its culture has convinced many a severe punishment have I re-
me of my mistake. Being greatly ceived for the numerous grass and dirt
pleased with the showy appearance of stains on my clothing, the result of my
this flower where it was planted out search in the soft cool green grass for
in great profusion in some of the door- spring violets.
yards of East Tampa nearly a year Dainty darlings, light and dark blue,
ago, in what used to be swamp, I pro- yellow and white with their pretty
green leaves. With my precious dolly
under my arms I would search for
hours for the little beauties and my
play house, a corner of the veranda,
was always adorned with flowers when
they could be found. In every cough there
Down on the banks of a river in the lurks, like a crouching
Empire state grew a funny brown tiger, the probabilities
flower called "Jack in the Pulpit" that of consumption.
I considered a prize, though wet feet The throat and
and ruined shoes were often the price Inn become
paid for a few of the curious blooms. 1u b
In the meadows and along the road- rough and in-
sides were the "Ox-eye Daisies," the fined f ro a
fortune flower of girlish days, now COughin and
long past, but the love for flowers the germS of
has grown with the passing years, and e .onsmptioa
the sprouting seed, the quick growth consmpt ea
of bulb or cutting, is the delight -f ma- ind an easy
turer years. Familiar with the meth. entrance. Take
ods used in the propagation and culti- no chanBCe
ovation of flowers at the North, I have With the da-
found the five years spent in Florida gerous foe.
a pleasure unbounded. a f
Plants that required the greatest 00 ye a
care, petted and protected from cold, there has been a per
grow here in the greatest luxuriance, feet CUre. What a tee
rank as weeds. ord Sixty yearsof crews.
A Hibiscus twelve to twenty inches
high in a large pot was something to
be proud of; while here they grow to
be great trees, with trunks six inches
in diameter. They are. such good Ly e r4
shrubs for the South, I have
made quite a selection of the different
varieties and I love them all.
I have the single and double carmine
red, single and double scarlet, a double
orange and a new variety with large
double buff colored flowers each petal soothe and heals the
having a scarlet base giving the flower Wounded thrust I s
a curious variegated appearance when wounded throat and
seen at a distance. luns. You escape a t-
Another variety is double scarlet, the tack of COnSUmAptionwi
outer petals edged with creamy white, a 1 its terrible Suftrin
the inner petals curiously twisted and and llncertain resuti
variegated scarlet and white. Thee is uc ta lyn e da
Schizopetalus or "Tassel" Hibiscus is there is nodtings le
so different from all the other varie- foW the throat and u
ties as to be scarcely recognized as a as coughing.
member of the family. The flowers A 25c. bottle will ce
are like pretty tassels, the petals being an ordinary cough; hard-
lace-like, making a dainty flower of a er COughs will needaSc.
Another variety has large single size; the dollar botle
magenta red flowers and very pretty cheapest in the ong run.
foliage, variegated with a creamy One at my w as ptw
white. a bia4 vtaa
While another variety has variegated of life i him. Tahn
foliage in different shades of pink, red, dhtm nogoG__ to"]Mo
creamy white and green with rose col- 76z .Q an a"
ored flowers. Two new varieties are Nov. s, a Lt. PkuaM,&M.
now under my especial care, one a wr te a neeeg. aoe
pure double white, the other double vt M o .r e iM
peachblow pink. t*sr ,. aure
Cuttings of well ripened wood root .c. ATm 16m ra .
very easily and here in South Florida
make a very quick growth.
The trees should be trimmed at least
twice a year to make them thick and Recently the Ocala Board of ]
bushy, otherwise they will make a offered a prize for the rst bal
sprawly ill-shaped bush and produce offered a prize for the first bale o
fewer flowers. ton brought in that had been gro
Mrs. Jenni F. Dickerson Marion county. On September
Miami, Fla DThomas Thomas, a colored grow
Miami, Fla. Lowell, brought in 1,505 pounds,
C .the next day Frank Wright, of
Answers to Correspondents.. Bryant brought 1,400 pounds.
Editor Floral Department, are both colored farmers, and the
Can you tell me what "Bene" is? setting an example for some of the
C. F. H. lazy, good-for-nothing members of their
Answer by Mr. Painter. race.-OrlandoSentinel-Reporter.
The tree referred to, is the Moringa HOW'S THIS?
ptorygosperma, or "Horse Radish" We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
tree of the tropics. It grows readily in ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
this state, but is cut down by heavy not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
frosts. I have one in my yard which P. J. Cheney & Co., Propra, Toledo,
was cut down to the ground last Feb- Ohio.
ruary, but is now fifteen feet high. We, the undersigned have known F.
The seed are used for making candy J- Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
the same as peanuts or cocoanuts. Th lHeve him perfectly honorable in all
oil is used for making a superior kind business transactions and fnancially
of oil for watches, and also in perfum- able to carry out any abligations made
ery. by their firm.
The name, Bene, is sometimes West & Truax Wholesale Druggists.
spelled with two n's, Benne, and the oil Toledo, Ohio.
is known as the oil of ben or Behne oil Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
(The name as given above by Mr. sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Halrs Catarrh is taken Internally,
Painter is the one given in catalogues, actg dirtarly up the n b ntenlloo ly
but the Cyclopedia of Am. Hort. gives actg dires upon the blood aPd m7-
cus surfaces of the system. Price 75e
"the true name as Moringa Oleifera.
Besides the use of the seed for oil, the per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Teae
root is also sometimes eaten, having timonials free.
a pungent taste similar to that of the Hall's Family Pills are the b-et.
root we call Horse Radish in this *
country.-Ed.) Can't you earn some oi our prizes
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
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WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 7, 1900.
The Beginning of Orange Packing.
On the first page of this paper, we
give a very interesting article from the
pen of Mr. E. Bean, on "Pioneer Or-
ange Packing," in this state. We are
glad to give this article from Mr.
Bean's pen, as it is not generally
known to the present orange growers
that he is really the father of the or-
ange packing and sizing branch of the
orange business in Florida. The meth-
ods that were Introduced by Mr. Bean
years ago, have practically remained
the same with slight variations as to
numbers In packing. The orange box
as then made, has become the stand-
art for American. Jamaican and Mex-
ican packs, which show how wide-
spread any business or industry that
has true merit, can become. When the
writer first came to this state, oranges
were shipped in boxes. barrels, or any
receptical that could be had We have
seen boxes made of rived boards, and
filled up regardless of size or grade of
the fruit. The fame of the Florida or-
ange, however, at that time made the
package of but secondary importance.
but it will be seen from Mr. Bean's let-
ter, that even in those days, it paid to
get a good box and brand them with
your own name, so that in time you
could establish a brand or brands that
would sell without the package being
opened and examined. Mr. Bean's ex-
perience should Ie a lesson to the or-
ange grower of to-day, many of whom
are new In the business, having but re-
cently become growers in the southern
part of the state.
We might state that Mr. Bean is one
of the few who has remained in the
orange supply business from its early
conception up to the present time,
sharing in the high prices and great
popularity of the fruit, also the fall
in prices, droughts, and freezes, as
they have followed one another, and
has furnished muchl valuable infornia-
tion to the orange growers as the
years have gone by.
Our Exoerimental Garden.
WVe have amist finished our covered
experimental garden in which we will
experiment this winter with strawber-
ries. lettuce. celery, cnculllbers. beats,
cauliflower. ginld other tender veger-
abhle.: that are usually killed by tile
freezes and frosts that visit our state
during ll e hwipt-r monltlhs. We have
bullilt (il o ille Shile e i plan as adopted
by tlie pineapple growers. with the ex-
ception that it is made in fifteen fecr
sections,. and each section is so ar
ranged tilit it anll be covered with
clotl llwhenever tlhe tenmplrature war-
rants it. We believe that strawberries
grown ill this way will more than pay
for tlie extra cost of tile shed. For it
is tlie berries that we have to sell di-
rectly after a freeze or a frost that
bring tile hig prices.
\\thll cucumbers in .alnllar: y or Fehb-
ruary at $pl.Nl per dozen, it ought not
to lake long to pay for Ilhe entire
st ructure. Of course this is entirely
experimental. but what the final re-
sutls will be. will lie given our read-
ers later. It is for this information
alone, that We are conducting our ex-
Camphor Tree vs. White Fly.
Tle lluestion of raising tile campllor
tree has been agitated for some tille,
but it has been for the production
of tille gu11. or as ani ornamental tree,
and no; as an insecticide.
A gentlellan from manateee county
called at ourl office I few days ago and
Made tle st;itemlent that lie knows of
:1 grove troubled with white fly in
which a clamllpor tree is growing.
and that for thirty feet around the
tree no white fly could be found, while
it was plentiful in all other direc-
tions. If this is the case a lunch Imore
profitable use for tile canmphor tree is
found tlhai to make it into guin. (anl-
phor trees could te set between the
rows of orange trees which would
ring the influence of one tree close
enough to that of another so that the
white fly would find no satisfactory
We would like to hear from others
as to what their observation has been
in this line. We know that no insect
bothers tle camphor tree. and that
camphor guil is lusedl iS asll insecticide,
but we are not posted on how far the
influence of tile camphor tree will ex-
Scattered over our- country are farnl-
ers. truckers. orange growers and pine-
apple raiser. who possess valuable
information that they have gathered
from actual explrilments, and it is this
kind of information that we desire to
secure for our columns and tlhence are
offering tlhe following prizes:
$..(M0 cash for tile Ibst article on the
subject of tallising Tomatoes for Mar-
ket." The same for. 'Eggplants, Cu-
cumbllers. Celery :lind Lelttuce."
$2..Nl cash for the second best. on
eal(c of tile above and one year's sub-
scription to the Agriculturist for the
All commnunicationls Iust ie ill 1by
January 1st, and announcements of tilt
*winners will Ie made January Tth
I 11M. These prizes are olwn to any onl(
living in the state of Florida a whole or
Part of the year. In the first issue of
next month we will make announce-
ments of other prizes to he offered and
expect to cover tile whole field before
we discontinue tile prizes.
Thle cut of the bananas on our front
page was loaned us by the Lake Worth
News. published by Dean Bros. This
cut slows what large bunches can be
raised in that section if proper loca-
tion is given it.
Editor Florida Agriculturist,
It is a coniillon supposition among av-
erage Iog-owners in Florida that pork
can be satisfactorily killed and cured
oi.ly dliring our coldest weather, and
tliat moreover, tle bones must be re-
Imoved from hams and shoulders if
thorough preservation is expected.
That neither of these conditions is es-
sential to successful meat curing is
recognized by many of the largest pro-
diucers in the state. I am led to be-
lieve. however. that the method fol-
lowI.'d by us at the Experiment Sta-
tion would be of interest to many of
your readers. It should first be re-
called that notwithstanding the com-
lioni Supllposition of the necessity of
cold wertlher for hog killing, the great
packing estalilishments of the country
are run straight through the season
and that hog products are constantly
as successfully cured in July as in Jan-
uary. This fact is based on the sim-
ple essential of thorough cooling the
meat before preservation begins. In
tell great western packing houses and
also in isolated cases in the South and
even ill Florida cold storage plants are
utilized for this purpose. Such facil-
ities. however, are not available to the
average hog-owner. There is hardly
a farmer in Florida who cannot con-
veniently and cheaply obtain any reas-
onable quantity of ice and ice places
its possessor in immediate control of
temperatures and ill the absence of
cold storage is. therefore, essential to
the satisfactory preservation of meat in
hot weather. The one indispensable
condition is that the animal heat pres-
ent in all freshly killed meat be ab-
solutely expelled in the shortest pos-
sible time. The method we have suc-
cessfully followed even with summer
temperatures, is as follows:
The animals are killed as early in
the morning as possible and opened
very thoroughly, cutting through or
removing the back bone, and taking
off tile Iheads for more thorough drain-
age. The carcasses are then left
hanging ultil late evening, care being
taken to protect them as far as possi-
bIe fronl flies. Ice is then provided
for average size hogs at the rate of one
pound of ice to every two pounds of
meat. A large box or a compartment
in the smoke-house is provided, large
enough for holding the meat and ice.
The carcasses are cut into the packing
forms desired, commonly into sides,
spare-ribs, hams, shoulders and jowles.
The ice is broken into lumps about the
size of a quart measure and a layer
of such pieces is laid on the bottom of
the box or bin. A layer of meat is
then placed on the same and this cov-
ered with a second layer of ice, and
so on in alternating layers until the
meat is all iln lace. This mass is then
covered with boards, preferably an old
Ilanket or carpet, drainage for water
being provided at the bottom of the
box. Thle meat is thus allowed to re-
main for 4X hours, at the end of
which time the ice will ordinarily have
nearly all melted. The meat will then
have entirely lost all animal heat and
lie thoroughly chilled to the bone. It
is then removed from the ice box and
thoroughly hand rubbed with salt. A
little saltlpetre added to the salt is
Preferred by some; also syrup or
Brown sugar, if sugar cured meat Is
Desired. The meat thus rubbed is then
packed layer on layer in salt for three
or four days. at the end of which time
tile salt is rinsed off with water and
thle meat is ready for smoking. Smok-
inllgshould -continue constantly for
about two weeks. after which only an
Soc-asional smoking for an hour or
two is advisable. The subsequent
smoking is not only desirable so far as
the preservation is concerned, but is
also ant effective means for keeping
flies in check. The use of a sprinkling
of borax around the head, shoulders
and hams is also a protection against
The means thus described are per-
fectly simple and are available every-
where. By following this method,
meat can be killed and cured Irrespec-
tive of weather and the product is fully
equal to the best packing house meat
and will bring the highest price In local
markets where the ordinary country
product, which has lost all character
from the removal of bones, goes beg-
ging. H. E. Stockbridge.
ANSWERS TO COBKESPONDElNTB
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I do not wish to bother you too much,
but in banking orange trees, is it best
to put something around the trees be-
fore putting the sand against them, or
wotld you shovel the sand directly
against the tree? H. A. S.
Tarpon Springs. Fla.
Do not put anything.against the trees
before banking. The drier the sand
you put next to trunk, the better. We
have seen young trees killed by wind-
ing them with dead grass before bank-
ing. Rain worked down the trees, the
grass heated and scalded the-bark
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Can you cast some light on the fact
that my Tardiff oranges on young
trees are splitting wide open from
stem to blossom? Is it not the nature
of the first fruit to do that way, or is
it a disease that fertilizer can rem-
edy? The trees have had die-back,
but they seem to have been cured of
that. Your die-back fertilizer and Bor-
deaux mixture have worked wonders
with my sick trees. C. B. W.
Lemon City. Fla.
Split oranges are caused by too vig-
orous flow of sap. This flow is gener-
ally caused by too much cultivation or
too much rain. Heavy rains following
a dry period will cause oranges to
split. The roots pump up the moisture
faster than the growth of rind can
accommodate it. and consequently
something has to give away., Cultivat-
ing during moderately moist weather
will cause the same results. To pre-
vent, do not cultivate any after July
Editor Florida Agriculturist:,
I have some very fine orange trees,
but they are getting infested with
scale. I have seen your reference to
bisulphide of carbon as a sure cure
for all insects. Will it cure scale?
Have you tried It fo- this yourself?
If It does kill them I will get a few
tents. Please let me know about it and
oblige. N. L. P.
We have never tried the bisulphide
of carbon as an insecticide for scale,
but do not believe it would work sat-
isfactorily, as the gas is heavy and
would sink in the tent to the ground
instead of rising among the llmbs
where the scale is located. The gas
that would answer your purpose is the
hydrocyanic gas. For Information as
to the mixing of the chemicals to form
the gas, we refer you to our issue of
August 15th, page 504, and the article
headed, "The End of a Hateful Visi-
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I am a new orange grower and enjoy
the Agriculturist very much. Every is.
sue is worth to me the price of the sub-
scription. Now I have a few hundred
boxes of oranges to ship, and as in un-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 673
ion there is strength. I have thought
why would it not be a good Dlan to
form an Orange Growers' union to ship
our fruit. In this why the little growers
would get the benefit of through rates
on large shipments, and we could regu-
late the supply going to the market,
and save the large percent that goes
to the commission merchant, let alone
what they rob us of. R. B.
Your thought and theory is a very
pretty one, but you are working over
straw that has been threshed for twen-
ty years. Could such a thing be ac-
complished as forming an organization
of orange growers that would hold to-
gether and work together, much good
could be accomplished, but numerous
efforts and actual experience proves
that the farmer and fruit grower can
S not be organized and held together.
Had you been a reader of theAgricul-
turist during the past fifteen years.
you would know that the Agriculturist
work hard to bring about a union of
growers. tb place them beyond the ac-
tual needs of the commission mer-
chant, but it did not work. The Flor-
ida Fruit Exchange came nearer ac-
complishing this than any other organ-
ization. but it handled only alout 10
per cent. of the crop, which was not
enough to control market, transporta-
tion or protect the grower. If the
growers will not and cal not be organ-
ied as a whole, the best thing to do,
Is to pick out one reliable commission
firm in a city and Asip wholly to him.
You are bound to get some poor re-
turns but on a whole you will do vast-
ly better to stick to one fir:n.
Try Porter Brothers Company. They
are one of the oldest commission firms
in the United States and have as their
Florida manager an old orange grow-
er, who knows what fruit is. and how
it should be put up. and therefore is
able to give the grower pointers that
will be to the grower's benefit.
If you are robbed it is your own fault
for not first finding out the standing
of the firm you ship to. The Agricul-
turist has made arrangements so that
we can give the standing and financial
rating of any commission firm in the U.
S.. and will furnish same to any one
of our subscribers who will send six
cents in postage stamps to cover actual
cost of postage.
Large turns from Pineapples.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: I have your favor of the
25th, saying you had noticed a clipping
from an exchange, stating that I had
made a net profit of $8,000 from two
acres in pineapples.
This is an error in amount inas-
much as a part of my field was
not set until August and September of
last year, therefore did not fruit this
season. A part of the Smooth Cay-
enne, which were set about 22 months
ago, fruited last summer; the balance
are now with fruit and am shipping
same. Up to the present time, my
plants and fruit have sold at the rate
of $4,000 per acre, plants bringing
from 10 to 15 cents each, and fruit
from 6 to 8 cents per pound. and I see
no reason why the price should not be
maintained. If so good a field of
Smooth Cayennes fertilized with your
fertilizer and well protected during the
winter months should be worth from
$3,500 to $4.000 per acre. I am pleased
to say that your fertilizers are giving
excellent results. Yours respectfully,
Geo. A. Munsing.
Pd s.- P, ,ares-,
AiiAootook Co.Ma in
0 "Aare*rw l _t
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
CONSIG ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
CHEAP COLUMN HICAQO NEv YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x1
ORANGE WRAPS-For sale cheap. Write
toJULIUS SMITH, EUSTIS, Fla. 46X50
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. MANN, Mannville, Fla.
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 34t
CASSAVA SBBEED FOR SALB-Purehaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre field.
C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Pla 43tf
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two years buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
FOR SALB-Fresh camphor seed from an
eleven year old tree, eighty four inches in
diameter. CYRUS W. BUTLBR, St.
Petersburg. Fla. 44x46
FOR SALE-Sound, gentle horse, saddle or
driving; harness, wagon, farming imple-
ments, etc. Call at VanDeiriff grove, or
address box 692. DeLand, Fla. 43x45
SUGARINB-75 per cent cheaper than sugar.
One drop sweetens cup coffee or tea, any-
thing else in prop rtlon. Full instructions
for making 10c in stamps. Box 183, De-
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-=75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa. Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR.
SERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary, Fla. 31tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Rest quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville, Fla. 41tf
WANTED--Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons. Plums,
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals. etc. Cata-
lorue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
ORANGE WRAPS AND ROX HEADS FOB
RALB-I have 80 reams 11X11. 54 reams
9X9. 340 reams 10X10 manila orange
wraps which I will sell at a barrain Also
4.000 orange box heads and 4,000 half box
heads at a price cheaper than the lumber
ia the hoards. If interested write me. W.
P PAINTER DeLand, Pla.
WANTED CASSAVA-The Planters' Mann
facturing Co.. Lake Mary, Fla. will be glad
to correspond with all persons wishing to
sell CASSAVA this fall, either for cash or
in exchange for CASSAVA FEED. Early
arrangements will he of vale to growers and
WE PAY THE FREIGHT. F. G. PER-
KINS, President. 40x45
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BRIS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
A ot EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES nd VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencis Market Quota-
tions and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksoavil office.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank............... 12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
SSS Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc ............... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
1 Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
Sper (Bluestone), hulphur. etc.
Pine and Bangor Orange Bozue,
Shaved Birch Hoops. Fresh Grem
I H zed oops, Mania and gColore
ofuf Wraps, OCement Coated Boe
N a Plaeaplea, Sa, Cntaloupe.
SH Cabbage and other Crates; Tomao
Carrier Lettuce Baskets, Etc.
ImperialPlow and Cultivatora.Ote.
catalogue and price lists on appll-
Room 1 Robinson Bldg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
==anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
Orange Ts etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
FRUIT TREES REE JUS
-- HATWE MEAN
If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
the catalogue of
GLEN ST. MARY NURSHRTES,
And select $1.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
and they will be packed and put f. o.b cars at Glen St. Mary with
,ir. Tabor's guarantee. Address
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackso vill,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vailla, Palm, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
4fstLaiSS1 S N E P. J. BERCKMANSCO, As..ta, G..
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
HOUSEHOLD DEAEPRTMb T.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
To Boil Ham.
there is always a right way to do
things which, if followed, will give us
the best results, even in the simplest
cooking, take for instance, the boiling
of a ham. This seems to be a common-
place thing, but how differently the
ham boiled properly will taste from the
one simply cooked to death. If the
readers of this department will adopt
the following method of cooking their
hams, we feel quite certain that they
will be so much pleased with the re-
sults that they will want to renew their
subscriptions to the Agriculturist right
In the first place, select a medium
sized ham, and thoroughly wash it in
cold water. Put it in a kettle with
enough cold water to entirely cover it.
Add a few cloves, a little blade of
mace and a couple of bay leaves. Now
here is where the particular part comes
in, place the kettle over a moderate
fire and let it heat gradually. An or-
dinary sized ham should not come to
the boiling point for at least two hours
after it is put on the stove. When It
first commences to boil, skim carefully,
and let it remain boiling for about fif-
teen minutes, then set the kettle off
and let the ham cool in the liquor. Af-
ter it has become cold, remove from
the kettle and take off the skin without
cutting the fat, and put away for use.
If you wish to decorate the ham for
the table, brush it over with a beaten
egg. and dust it with bread crumbs,
and place it in the oven to brown.
Place over the bone a neat quill of
paper, and around the platter a few
green leaves of parsley, lettuce, or
whatever may suit your taste or con-
venience. This ham can be cut for
the table, or it can be fried or broiled.
After you have taken the trouble
to cook a ham in this way, you will
not want them cooked In any Other
style. We know that this seems to be
considerable trouble, but we should al-
ways remember that nothing good
comes without an effort.
The Habit of Complaining.
There are but few exceptions to that
large body of people who like to share
their troubles and miseries with their
friends. It is so comforting to com-
plain if we have an ache or a pain, and
if the habit of complaining is once ac.
quired, it is very easy to fancy aches
and pains that do not really exist.
Physicians will tell you that the mind
has a very strong influence over the
body, and that many cases of illness
might be prevented if the thoughts
could be drawn from the general'state
of the health. Frequently' we feel "al-
most ready to give up, we are so near.
ly sick," when some subject of en-
grossing interest, or some constant em-
ployment keeps our minds and hands
busy, and when we have time to think
of ourselves, we are surprised to find
that we have regained our usual good
health and spirits.
Besides it is a real hardship to our
friends to be obliged to listen to a
constant recital of our ills, and for
their sakes as well as for our own, we
should keep all these small worries
hidden from the world. What may
seem a very small worry at first, will
grow to the dimensions of a moun-
tain by constantly brooding over it and
complaining about it. We generally
forget that others have just as great,
if not greater, troubles and worries
than we have. Worry and complaining
brings wrinkles and grey hairs, and
soon makes a young face look haggard
and old. The best preventive is to
forget self and "think of something
else." It is our duty to our families
and friends to do this as much as pos-
sible, for no one lives to himself alone.
Not that we should display the stoic-
ism of a Spartan, but if need be, that
would be preferable to continual com-
plaint. We love the society of a cheer-
ful person, and to make our friends
love our society, we must keep self in
the background and present a gen-
ally cheerful disposition, even though
it is at some expense to our own feel-
Bread and Fruit Pudding.
A nice and very palatable way to
use up slices of stale bread, is to take
an ordinary baking dish and line the
bottom and sides with slices of the
bread, then put in a layer of cooked
fruit, apples, peaches or berries being
best adapted for the purpose, flavor
and sweeten the fruit to suit the taste.
The addition of a small lump of but-
ter will improve the pudding very
much. Add another layer of bread
and then put in a last one of the fruit.
Place in the oven and bake, and serve
cold with any sauce which you may
prefer, Hard sauce is especially nice
with this pudding.
Wash your eggplant thoroughly, place
in a pot and boil till tender, remove
from the fire, being careful not to
break the skin. Cut off the stem and
remove the pulp, taking care to leave
the shell intact. Shell some peanuts,
and after removing the brown skin.
crush them fine, have some cracker
crumbs and mix all together with the
pulp. season with salt, pepper and but-
ter to suit the taste, and if you have
any cold boiled meat, chop some fine
and add to the mixture. Stuff the shell
with this dressing, put on the stem
('nd. and bake in a moderate oven, and
you will have a delicious dish. We
think that you will find yourself amply
repaid for the trouble of preparing one
in this way.
The Use of Gilt.
Gilt is very much used this winter as
a decoration. Some of the new col-
lars are made of either black velvet
or satin -with several rows of gilt
braid around the top, and gilt braid,
about an inch wide, is frequently worn
as a crevat, crossed in front and fast-
ened under a small pin. Gold belts
are quite the most stylish belts worn,
and others of black velvet or
patent leather are finished with
a row of narrow gilt braid
on each edge. Gilt buttons are
used to decorate shirt waists and gilt
ornaments are worn on the ends of
ties. In fact, it is seen everywhere
and makes a very pretty finish to al-
most any costume, but its one great
drawback is its great liability to tar-
How to manage Husbands.
Editor Household Department.
According to the popular opinion,
husbands are very difficult people to
manage and need constant pampering
to keep them in the way in which they
should go. A wife must use all the
seductive arts of which she is capable
to make him subservient to her will
and love his home. This is, I think, a
very erroneous idea. Husbands are
human beings who generally love their
homes and would spend much more
time in them if the wife were careful
to manage them well and make them
comfortable places. Love alone will
not make of the home a paradise, but
love coupled with common sense and
good management, can sometimes
make a charming home out of a cabin.
A wife should always remember that
poorly cooked food is apt to bring on
numerous evils in its train, not the
least of which is a cross, fault-finding
disposition, and also that a sour tem-
per will usually vanish, if, when her
husband comes in, he finds a cheerful
welcome and well-cooked meal just
ready to be served. There are not
men. or women either for that matter,
proof against such comforts as this.
There is much truth in the saying that
"the way to a man's heart is through
his stomach." Feed him well, do not
find too much fault with him, don't
talk back when he is inclined to quar-
rel. do not make him give too strict an
account of his whereabouts when he
find him a very tractable and agreeable
leaves home, and you will generally
companion. Mrs. Caroline.
Some Pretty Baskets.
Editor Household Department.
Particularly Interesting and pretty
are articles that can be made from
some material that is a natural pro-
duct of the state in which one lives.
Some baskets I saw in the houses of
country friends are worthy, I think,
of description, for besides being orna-
mental, they show what ingenuity
The prettiest and daintiest of these
baskets was made of rye straw. Tha
straws being hollow, one can be slip
ped over the end of another, thus mak-
ing them longer as more straw is need-
ed. The basket was made nearly
square. Each side and the top had
two straws crossing like the letter X
at the center and running to the four
corners. The straws were woven in
and around the two till the sides were
formed. A pretty intricate spiral look-
ing cord as large around as a silver
quarter fashioned of rye straw around
a straight straw ornamented every
seam in the basket. It was lined with
pink and was a light and dainty af-
Another basket not so pretty but odd
looking was a round one made of the
brown fibre of the palmetto and or-
namnented with plaited strips of
bleached palmetto. The basket and
top which were made of paste-board,
were covered with the brown fiber and
each seam hidden with mrps of the
plaiting which also ran around the top
and bottom. A loop of the plaiting
formed the handle on the lid. This
was unique looking indeed.
Still another round shaped basket
was made of wire grass. Enough straw
was arranged together to form a piece
about the size of a large pen staff, and
Result of a Fall
SAN FRANCISCO ATTORNEY FAILS
FROM PLATFORM OF STREET
rowu Asaminer, Bsal Itesnewo GE.L
Volumes might be written in prai of a
popular remedy for the creating of rich new
blood and the up-building of a worn ot
body, but it is doubtful if anything half s
eounncingeould be demonstrated as da
by the interesting story related by Mt.
Edward T. Dudley, a practicing attorney
for twenty-five years in San Francimo with
*oiee at 83 City Hall Avenue. Twelve
ears ago, when thirty-aine yeas o a,
Mr. Dudley, lo t is balance while ading
pon the ear platform f a street ear. ca
n him to fall, trikig the ground wit the
bask of his had, which brought on a aM-
lug of numbness amd eveutsaUy paralym,
lo of memory and strength whih, weaver
has ielded to proper treatment a epai
by hm hereafter.
done him and
Sl aa thate
B any otn amn
S in a lmdlr onm.
ditios, Mr. Dad
Stel. ofthe b.
fits in his own
way which is
g eon without
color er embe
"After the In
SyWlom sa* from the -ar I
paused it by as an accident that had lt a
apparent ill effect; yet a few we later
in endeavoring to get on a ear, I found
eould not raise my feot. From this time
paralysis began in my feet and in tid my
lower lmb became numb. Fro being
a strong, healthy man of 180 pounds I as
reduced to 145 pounds, and my sehb ad
y wife that itwau only a question of te
wen I should have to take to d.
Medicines prescribed by the deotr
good and at the time I tarted to take Dr.
Williams Pink Pills for Paleo Poplq. i I
fell down I could notget up agasiaen .
I could careely wk a blok. w I ma
walk three or four milUs without UI
and as you see, can lift my leg and am
gether a different ma--ad all fts es ht
or nine boxes of Dr. Williams' Wiak 111.
"After trying Dr. William Plnk Ps,
I could Me in a very short time my alth
and genera system wa much improved.
and I can mart that a blood maker ad
builder up of the system, it is laaluale, a
myincreas laweight from 145tollJ polnd
I Ia lay to nothing els than Dr.W*lim
Pink Pil for Palekeople.
"I havere rommend tem tohdh Id
and shall coutinne to do s."
Signed, Enwaa T. Dvn.wU.
Subscribed and sworn to befor e ,t
10th day of July, 1900.
Jnarn GATrs, N0yWoaw PKL
At all druggists or direct from Dr. W
lianm Medicine Co, 8eheectady, I. TY
Priee, W eet Pr box; 6 bieze, 2.0.
THE U. B. LIVE STOCK REMTDY has
proved mot efficient In presenting and
curing Hog aed Ohicke Chora and
kindred diseases. It Is also a fie son-
dition powder. Sale are inero If
your dealer don't keep it we wil mae
It to you on receipt of Price ec per %
14. Liberal discount to dealers. TSAAC
MORGAN. Arent. Klsslmmee. FPl- tt
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.
wrapped with thread, and Joined to-
gether as mats are made. This was
plain but as neat as could be and very
A very dainty one was made of new
rope the size of one's little finger. The
rope was wrapped around and around
to form the bottom and the sides were
formed of loops looking like a number
of little e's Joined together. The han-
die was formed of rope having a rope
Iow with long fringed tasselr. It was,
lined with pink silk and was certainly
beautiful and an ornament to a parlor
table. The making of these baskets
Iffords one pleasant, light and agree-
ablle work for leisure moments.
M. A. B.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 675
PO WlTY AND RATr DEPA. T- flank bare. With a sharp scissors an CAPO I
3 wrI. incision is made, when the intestines
All communications or inquiries for this de- how. Beneath the latter he pasaes
pertment should be addressed to his finger, previously rubbed with oil,
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. till the testicles, that in size and shape
Poultry Dept Jacksonville. Fla. resemble a kidney bean, and e at- Poultrymen can double their profits
l ached by membranes to the back, are eration is very nimble--the instruction
reached He removes them, one after are so full and explicit that any man,
Sick Poultry. the other, without injuring the intes- wmianl or chl, afterfo ctref reading,
The best way to doctor poultry is to tines. The skin is then stitched togeth- It is highly successful from every point
keep them in a perfectly healthy con- er with a waxed thread and the wound of cedw. the s demand for caponsdfar
diton by careful feeding, clean ruble with oil wine or camphored -bingtwice as much as for ordinary
bdiion by careful feeding, clean brandy. The bird is placed In an iso- chicks The object of Caponizing is to
quarters, and plenty of fresh water. lated place, dark if possible, for some largely increase the weight o fowl.
Should a sick fowl appear, either iso- hours, when it is given grain steeped as large as turkeys and weighing from
late t at once and practice doctorng i ine. By the third ay the patient o 15ponds, and tomake the meat a finerflaor and vry jucy and tender. Again.
late It at onse an d practice doctoring in wine. By the third day the patient apTheosre wort to 0 ore than cocks not Capozed. They a much quieter in
for future information or kill it mak- is quite recovered, dispositIon. A cock, in chasing around the yard., will run off flesh almost as fast as put on.
or future information, or kill it,to six per cent Inhe more quiet Capon the ame amount offood goes tomake flesh bone and profit. With
Ing a careful examination to ascertain, of birds die from the operations. The the' Pror instrument Capotnzing s a mple lesson, wholly mastered by a few moments'
srtny. Fully realzingthe necessity ofhav.ing proper instruments we have arranged with
if possible, the cause of the sickness. latter will be known to have failed the reliable instrument manufacturers, Messrs. Genre P. Killing Son Philadelphia to
An ordinary hen is not worth the time, when the bird refuses to eat anything oc wit these instrument. This or ia we thin nthe odest of he in in the united
trouble and medicine required to re- after a few hours. Nothing then re- Capoizin instrmetsfor 40 years, they throghly ndertand the proper ones
trouble- mains but to kill it and put t on the needed. Messrs. George P. Pilling & Son havejust published a very interesting book, en-
mains et to kill It and put it on the wdreeto book, en -
store her to a healthy condition. A spit. Twenty-four hours before being ttled *CompleteGde aponnwhich we are distribtig freeto those interested
Spit. hTwenty-our hours eore being in poultry. Complete with instructions $3.50. which will inclde a year' subscription to
spell of sickness Impairs her laying cut, the bird ought not to receive food, the RIDA AGRICULTUI'ST. In elvetlined case as per engraving, 3.7. We send
qualities and she will never be the in order that the empty intestines may the book. Complete Gude.for Caponizing," with every set. Address,
same hen again for actual service of not interfere with the operation. On 0. PAIINTER CO., 'Jacksorlville, lIa.
recovery the bird Is a little wild at
egg producing. When we count the first, but it will soon commence to put
time required to doctor, cost of medi- on flesh. In some districts, following
cine and length of time that the hen the usages of the market, the combs I t 1 I 1 1 I I I The Practical
will have to be fed before she returns of the cocks are cut off at the same i PACEI t I AND SIMPLE
time. Capon and poularde rearing is 4 tr, ijJ v j I ..... BARBED WIRE
any eggs, and consider the liability of a neral industry n ormandy, Maine Is O I 1S OUlll1 -J BARBED WIRE
spreading the disease to the other and La Bresse. Poulardes are peculiar L G UR ILLS FENCE B R.
fowls, it will be found that it will be to La Fleche and Le Mans; on mar- M"ous~heof te alshoSldn't o uy PAGe PICEI 2o.0.
ENCE and help keeptheU V. SCHMELZ,
a saving to at once place the hen's ket days they can be seen by the hun- IS. lonarso. Bee r. V. SCHMELZ,
head on thedred in heaps. It is the peasant far- PAGE WOVEN WInESENCKCO,,AUIANuICU. SylvanLake, Fla
head on the chopping block and let the mer, or the allotment holder, who fat- "Certifcate Am. lust. Fair."
guillotine fall, and you will not have tens the hens; they buy the young S A.X te Am nt. Fir..
cause to worry any more about that birds most likely to fatten from the Tsk. H7ib Coml. tS
particular fowl. breeders.-Edward Conner in Ameri- ,..tes". Western Poultry Farm,
can Agriculturist. S E fittia MARSHALL O
erfection in no Breed. MAD MARSHALL, MO.
Let It be understood that all breeds Lime in Foods. saZ TIMO-S. n. 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
have some undesirable qualities. How- Poultry should have foods rich in it tells how to make poultry reading
ever much one may be in love with his lime. The common food alone will not SeBnd to day. We sell bet liquid lice klU-
chosen fowl, he will see in it some- furnish lime enough for a full supply er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
thing which he is forced to admit is of eggs. In a state of nature a hen m motands for poultry 1 dorS. In ot: hs for i
a fault. Absolute perfection is not to would lay a single litter of eggs, hatch KUSERa u- UI EXTRACT F ML ct 5 or so cs 100 or
be found in any breed. People who them, rear the chicks, and then give up made. wmh akco weed. Ohesper. as
are looking for that fanciful creation, the business for the season. The or- J.Sas LUm s a. Jamus. HENS' TEETH ROUND OYS.
the best breed, believe that when they dinary food would supply this small -- II 1 T TER SHELLS.
have found it it will have no objection- demand. But when a hen lays 120 To properly digest its food the fowl
able qualities of any kind-no faults eggs she will want as much lime in must have grit What teeth are to the
which they would want to correct. a month as she would naturally get In human being grit is to the fowl. We
But when they have found a breed a year. This excess must be supplied. can now furnish ground oyster shells,
which in a general way suits them bet- Crushed bone and oyster shells are the from freshly opened oysters, from
ter than any other, they will find some- best and should always be kept with- which all the dust and dirt has been
thing about it which they would in reach of the hens. It is not ad- screened, to supply this grit which is
change if they had the power to do so. visable to give egg shells unless they E lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
It will not be right in every particu- are broken up very fine, otherwise the Goods very Inferior to ours and full
lar. hen may learn to break and eat eggs. grow paying erops became they're of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
You will find breeds with pronounc- Variety of food should supply lime in besh a &n aIways te t. Por $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
ed characteristics of certain kinds, but sufficiency. Fowls are machines to saleeverywhere. Refaue substlttest offer it at
they are markedly deficient in quail- produce eggs and flesh, and we might Stick to Perry's Seeds and prosper. 100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
ties which may be highly developed in as well expect cloth from a factory 0o Seed Annual free. Write for it. Help your fowls by giving them
other breeds. The greater the heights that has no wool or cotton as to expect C, D M plenty of clean grit.
you attain in one special direction, the eggs from hens not supplied with food. E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
farther you move away from the Liberal feeding means liberal profits; Fla.
general features common to all breeds. neglect means loss of what you do give Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
There is a "happy medium," but it is them. As a rule feed well or kill the about the brooder, how can lice and tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Per-
only a medium, falling short of the flock. This should be the rule for good jigger fleas get a start? S. B. utilizing Materials.
highest merit in any direction. results are sure to follow careful man- By keeping your runs and brooder
And so when one decides to handle agement.--Mirror and Farmer.y keeping your runs and brooders
a certain breed or variety in the be- c lean and occasionally greasing the Orange and Kum Quat
lief that he can obtain better results Use Lean Keat. heads and legs of your chicks with Nursery Stock.
with it than with any other, he must When feeding meat to hens do not carbolized vaseline, you can keep them
expect to discover that in some parti- use that portion which is fat. The ob- Pecticallyan Treess and Nuts forseed and
cular It is not just as he would like it. ject in feeding meat to hens is to supally free from lice and jiggers table. Also a general line of Fruit
It would be exactly right but for one ply them with nitrogen and not fat, as It s hard to tell where the first louse Trees, Roses, Shrnbs,.etc. Prices.
or two or more things, but those things the grain contains all the fat and would come from. Birds or bats might low. Freight paid.
are there to stay and he can not get rid starch required for them. If the fat is furnish the start, or if you go about SUMMIT NURSERIES,
of them. The same things do not trou- fed it does not assist in any manner hen houses that are infected, you might D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
ble his neighbor who handles another to provide material for eggs, but rather Monticello, Fla.
breed, but he has something else to retards than assists laying. The cheap carry a stray one in your clothes.
worry over which may be quite as bad. portions of beef, such as the neck, are Jiggers breed in the sand and are as TOBACCO D ST
It is poor policy to be continually better for fowls than the choicest fat liable to be carried to the brooders by V JDUS.
changing breeds on account of these and lean steaks. Blood is excellent for yourself as any other way. The only If your fowls are troubled with lice
minor faults. As a rule it does not fowls and can be easily fed to them or ggers send $1.25 and get 00
lessen the trials of the breeder, as the by mixing it with their soft food. The way to keep them down is o make t pounds of tobacco dut and apinkle
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
usual result is about an even exchange ordinary ground meat contains both unpleasant for them. Grease and wa- it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
of one very bad thing for another.- fat and lean and sells for about three ter, they do not like. Tobacco dust and anteed to be unleashed. F-.nd 2 cent
Farmer's Voice. cents per pound, but as the meat is gas lime are also objectionable, and it tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co..
* subjected to heavy pressure at a high, Jacksonville, Fla.
Sapoalsing and I Pttening in 'rance. temperature, most of the fat is re- liberal used, your fowls will be prac-
In the matter of fowls, a male bird moved.-Mirror and Farmer. tically free from these pests.
when castrated is called a capon, and " Q ":- -. I
when a hen is operated upon it is Answers to Correspondents. There is a scarcity of labor in this Parties intending visiting Cuba will
known as a poularde. Hens are cut to Editor Poulty Department. section. All of the hands are busy, do well to correspond with me about
remove the ovaries, but the process is Will you please tell me the bet va and extra help s hard to get. Opening lands, etc. Use 5c. postage.
not of late much resorted to, the pul- riety of pigeons to raise for squabs? of the kaolin mines and new trpen- TOS. R. TOWNS,
lets now being reared and fattened be- P. C. tine farms makes the difference. How-
fore laying. A skillful operator is nee- Tile homing pigeon. ever, it is not an mixed evil-our Quiebra Hacha, Cuba.
esuary to cut the male bird, which Is merchants are enjoying a large cash P. delRio Province
generally effected between the age of Editor Poultry Department. trade that is encouraging.-Leesburg CO NE WHIKY
three and four months. If I start in with young chickens Commercial. a ,COCAIIEAE ZWeHlNaY
The operator places the bird be- right from the incubator, can I keep im, 8 1 Hdr
tweo his knees and plucks off some them free from lice and the jigger .Tust look at the different premiums o rf me5n I e r nity.
eather to lay the skin of the left fleas? If I do not allow old fowls we offer for new subscribers. B. M. WOOLLEY, M. D., Atlanta, Ca.
676 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
MISS JARDINE'S JELLY.
"Just for a short sketching trip. Mrs.
Muncie." Gilbert Keith explained, as
he looked into the sitting room, where
his landlady sat, deep in the local pa-
"Where shall I forward your mail,
She did not express surprise at his
sudden announcement. He had boarded
with her six years. She was accus-
tomed to his abrupt decisions and
"I'm not sure yet. I'll send you a
postal. Be back in a couple of weeks.
Awfully hot, isn't it? Good day, Mrs.
And the youthful face, silvery head
and square shoulders vanished from
the doorway. But a minute or two lat-
er the door was opened.
"By the way. I've packed up a box
of magazines which have been accu-
mulating unread. I may get a chance
at them now. I wish you would have
the box set in the cellar, and I'll tell
Jerry to call for it. and ship it to me."
"Very well. sir."
And then Mr. Keith was out of the
house, and, walking down the elm-bor-
dered street, looking erect and young
despite his forty-five years and his pre-
maturely silvered hair.
The faded spectacled eyes of Mrs.
Muncie glanced after him with an air
of motherly proprietorship.
"Six years he's been here, bless him!
and a more considerate and kind gen-
tleman the good Lord never made. A
letter for me, Mr. Vicks?"
Mr. Vicks, the mall carrier had paus-
ed at the gate and was turning in.
"Yes. Hot day. See Mr. Keith is off.
Good afternoon. ma'am."
Mrs. Muncie turned her letter over,
stared at the superscription, opened the
envelope, and read:
"My Dear Old Friend:-I am coming
down to see you for a couple of weeks.
I have not written to you since I came
up to this city seven years ago to earn
my living with mly 'wonderful accom-
plishment.' But I've found there is
no lack of teachers of languages, that
my voice is not so divine as my friends
assured me, and so I settled down long
ago to the commonplace but remuner-
ative employment of putting up fine
jellies. I have succeeded. I am doing
well. But I want a rest. So write me
a line, saying if I would intrude, or if
any reason exists why I should not
Impose upon you for awhile. Affection-
A knock came to the door.
"Come in!" cried Mrs. Muncie. "Oh.
it's you, Mrs. Wary! And here you've
caught me just a cryin' for sheer joy."
The letter itl her hands trembled.
"Here Miss Margaret-my dear Miss
Margaret. you's heard me tell about so
often, an' who I didn't know was dead
or alive-writes that she is coming to
stay a spell with tme. You know I was
housekeeper. for her folks years, an'
years, when they were the great people
of this part of the country, an' lived
In that splendid palace on the hill, that
looks so forlorn an' neglected now. Her
father failed in business, and the fact
killed him. His wife didn't stay long
after him. An' there was my dear
Miss Margaret-only a slip of a girl of
eighteen, flung out on the world to earn
her own living. I begged her to stay
with me-but she couldn't be depend-
ent. But now-well. there! you may
read for yourself."
And she handed her sympathetic
neighbor the letter.
Two days later Mrs. Muncie. pot-
tering away over some crab-apple niar-
malade. glanced up at an elegant in-
truder who had come unbidden into
her kitchen. a stately. graceful, fash.
ionably attired woman with a delicate
patrician ftace. dee! blue eyes and a
"Bless miy soul!" cried Mrs. Muncie.
"if it isn't llmy dear Miss Margaret."
And then tile faithful old soul had
Miss Jardine in her arms. and was
laughing and crying over her at once.
"And so you are putting up pre-
serves," said Mararret. half an hour
later, as she sat sipping her tea. "I'm
going to help you. I'm an expert now,
you know," laughing, "a professional."
And this. despite Mrs. Muncie's half-
shocked protestations,. she insisted oil
doing. But when she looked atxhe jit-
lies Margaret made her admiration
was unbounded. "Such lovely colors!"
she exclaimed. beaming at the filled
glasses. "Such rose and crimson and
amber, and all so crystal clear! How
did you ever learn to make 'em like
that? You won't lie offended, wilt
you, my dear, if I send a box of the't:
to my sister that lives in Jessup coun-
ty? She's an invalid, an' they would
be such a treat to her."
"I shall feel flattered if you do so,"
Margaret assured her.
So the box was packed and uut inl
the cellar, and Mrs. Muncie went down
town to engage the drayman to come
and get it.
But during her absence, fate, in the
person of eJrry. the porter of the firm
of Keith & Co.. interposed.
.erry had been sent for a box out
of Mrs. Muncie's cellar. Margaret.
supposing him to be the expressman
sent by her hostess, went down in the
cellar with him. and pointed out the
box containing the jelly.
"There is no address on it," she said.
"Do you know where it is to go?"
"Yes. Imiss. That is all right. I've
got the card for it in my pocket."
When Mrs. Muncle appeared with a
II':il and wagon, Margaret explained
that the box had been called for.
"I declare that provoking Tom
Grimes must have changed his mind."
said Mrs Muncie. "When I spoke to
hili he told me he had an all-day job
and couldn't come. I must pay him
the fitrt time I see him. I shan't need
you now. Peter Green."
And she supposed, of course. Margar-
et had seen to the address.
To Gilbert Keitlh. camping out with
some kindred spirits in the heart of
superb scenery, was duly delivered the
box containing Miss Jardine's jelly.
"Great Scotland!" he exclaimed.
"how were ever magazines turned in-
to jelly! But-seeing how underflavor-
ed the meat and overflavored the but-
ter to be had here. I'm rather glad of
the transformation. And I'll take the
goods the gods provide-no questions
Which declaration was enthusiasti-
cally seconded by his companions.
Just a week later it dawned upon
ltim that there was a good deal of lone-
liness and monotony up in the moun-
tains and that it was beginning to feel
a bit chilly at night under the canvas
tent. So as suddenly as he had come
Ite packed up his traps and took his de-
parture. He let himself in with his
latch-key one purple and starlit even-
"Yo't Ii bad sixpence is uack again,
Mrs. Muncie." he cried, entering the
But it was not stout little Mrs. Mun-
cic who rose from the rocker, but a
fair andi stately young lady. gowned
in pale blue mull. with a bunch of
verhenats tucked into her wide sash.
"I am Mrs. Muncie's guest." she
said, with a smile. 'My name is
Margaret Jardine. You are Mr. Keith,
I am sure."
"Jardine! That nanie is a familiar
and honored one here. You had left
Melton a short time before our firm lo.
cated here. I ami happy to meet you.
And When Mrs. Muncie came in sthe
found them chatting like old friends.
"And why, Mr. Keith." she demand-
ed. wen lihe stood up to say good night,
"'did you not send for lhat box of mag-
azines? It's dovin ill lcit cellar yet.'"
lithe laughed out like a boy.
"I did send, Mrs. Muncie. And 1 got
a box of jelly-the most delicious jelly.
What good fairy converted literature
Mi's. Mulncie threw up her fat hands
"And that." she cried. "is the reason I
ain't heard a word front Sister Susan!"
Anld lthit tliherl e were expliinations .all
allmnlld. anld a good deal of lauglli;hr.
Three days later Miss Jardline went
back to tile cily. .\nd it was not long
until 31Mr. Keith det'ided hlie h11d busi-
ness there which required his eIrsonal
attention. Of coursem. he called on Miss
.Jardine. lie found her calmi. capable.
trim in attire, busily directing a score
THE LARGEST WATERMELON GROWN
IN THE WORLD.
Two largest Triumph Watermelons grown in 1!NN) from my selected seed,
were grown by W. C. Vann. of Abbe ville. Ala.. weighing 150 1-2 pounds
each. Prizes for same $70.00. Largest Triumph grown in North Carolina in
1900. weighed 87 pounds, prize for sa me. $20400. Largest Triumph grown
in South Carolina in 1900. weighed 101 1-2 pounds, prize for same $20.00.
Largest Triumph grown in Georgia in 1!M10. weighed 127 1-2 pounds, prize for
same. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in Fla.. in 19t)0, weighed 92 lbs., prize
for same. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in Mississippi in 1900. weighed
7i pounds. prize. for same. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in Louisiana in
I In,. weighed 7i pounds, prize for sa me. $210.00. Largest Triumph grown In
Texas, weighed 105 1-2 pounds, prize for sane, $20.00.
Liberal prize offered for largest Triumnph in the South in 1901. Liberal
prizes for largest Triumph grown in each Southern State in 1901.
Buy the genuine selected seed direct from the originator. Each purchas-
er entitled to compete for prizes.
I sell all varieties of watermelon seed. Florida Favorite. Duke Jones, Brad-
ford. Blue Gem, Seminole, Georgia Rat tlesnake. Gray Monarch. Dark Icing,
Iixie. Glansier. New Favorite, Jones. Black Diamond, Gray National Boss,
Cole's Early. Mountain Sweet, and ot hers. All Southern Beauty and
Rockyford Canteloupe seed.
I make a specialty of Beggarweed Seed and can make you low prices on
Ioth the rough and cleaned or hulled seed.
Write for Catalogue.
W. M. GIRARDEAU, Monticello, Florida.
ABSOLUTELY NO FLIES ON OUR
AND GRAPE FRUIT
HIEILTIY AND VIGORC
All standard varieties on sour stocks. I desire to sell a lot
of June buds before the 20th of December and will
sell cheap. If interested write at once
and get prices, to
I1. E. Gillett, Prop., Tampa, Fla.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. e67
of employes in the large establishment OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
where she worked. For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
"Excuse me if I appear rude." she away has so successfully treated
said, "but we are not permitted to talk chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
long to visitors-unless on business." ed to-day to stand at the head of his
"But I," he assured her with a quiz- profession in this line. His exclusive
ical smile, "have come on tremendous- method of treatment for Varicocele anu a*m., old or nw, i mande pmale and easy--wl took eter
ly important business." and stricture without the aid of knife adwear ionqW-bytheme o
He went back to Melton that night or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all Eureka Harness Oil
with a smile on his lips and a song in cases. In the treatment of loss of
his heart. Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid- The a-ast. nve for Sieethe ever afv5asetd. vat
And when in November, they drove ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly- o repmse. Bolderbeynmpre Ilc eadnes a tbe
together up the main street ofthe town las, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca- X m.rbTA]"AK03on.eet
she drew a quick breath, tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
"There is lights in my old home," he ls equally successful. Dr. Hath-
she said. "Is is occupied at last?" away's practice is more than double
"It will be soon, dearest." that of any other specialist. Cases
The driver turned in at the high iron pronounced hopeless by other physi-
gates and drove up the avenue. cans, rapidly yield to his treatment. r *
"What does this mean?" Margaret %Write him to-day fully about your case.
murmured. He makes no charge for consultation Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST yon should have to be a
or advice, either at his office or by sucessfal gardner. You can get them both at the price oe one. Send us one new subscriber
"That I have bought Rosemount, mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25 and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
dear--and that your old home is your Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga. GRIFFINa BROTHERS.
new one. Ah, here is Mrs. Muncie to BR TH
eome yod been fung wide. A r o f. and Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Griing's Improved
The door had been flnng wide. A bil- A rich lady, cured of ha' dnehass and tine.. ............... .10 Thornless..............10
low of light streamed out. It revealed noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's .. ........ .. .orn .. .. .. .. .. .. .10
the lovely amazed face of the bride. Artiflelal Ear Drums, gasve $1000 oo o tl New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... .5
Oh Institute, so that deaf people unable to Pod ................. .10 Onions, Red Bermuda...... ......10
Oh." cried Mrs. Muncie. running procure the Ear Drums may have them Dwarf German Black Grifng's White Wax..10
down the steps. "I'm so happy-though tree. Address lmc. The NIcholson In-s White Wax.. .10
I've lost my lodger! And to think- slrtute. 711 Eighth Avenue. New York. Wax.................10 Peas, Alaska.................10
just to think. Miss Margaret, that he Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
should have eaten all your fine jelly." TO THE AFFLICTED. ma ................. .10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.......... .5
"He'll eat more before he dies," There is a Sanitarium in Belleview, Beets, Extra Early Eclipse .... .. .5 Ruby King.. .5
laughed Gilbert Keith. "Welcome Fla., whose specialty is the treatment Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .... ..... .5
home, darling!"-Chicago News. of cancer and piles without the se nip...... ............. 5 Gring's Early Scar-
a of the knife. A cure is guaranteed in Cabbage. Select Early Jersey let ...... ............. 5
every ase taken and no money is Wakefield .............5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt ....5
Butter Xaking in Florida. qied until a cure is complete. Write Earl Summe.. .. ...... .5 Tomatoes, Beaty r........... .5
dior Florida Agriculturit. them a description of your ase and ow ra Paris .. 10 T ps, Grngs Gakolden Bll..... .5
You ask me to give you an article on receive free books by return mail. Ad- Caueleryowe, G r a Early Paris ... 10 r omeranian hidte Globe
butter making in Florida. Well. in the dress, Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 ............... .5
first place, everything from the cow to BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM, Long Green Turkish... .5 Ruta Bagas. Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
the churn must be kept neat and clean Belleview, Fla.
and free from dirt. and had odors. Address FLORIDA AGRICULTUklST, Jacksonville, Fla.
Without this you cannot have good
The proper ripening of the creamT
Is a very essential point, for if the
will not have good butter, and to do
this just right and have the cream just
in the best condition has to be learned The Great Throng Car Line From Florida.
by experience, for it would be impos-
sible to explain it to the inexperienced (
so that they could make a success of CONNECTIONS.
it at first. Though this much I would
say: Put the new cream with the old
each skimming, and stir well together. NO. 4 Tangent Fruit Brusher. THE ATLANTIC ( OAST LINE, via Charles'on,
When one churns but twice a week. ,
as we do, it is seldom necessary to use PATENTED. To The Richmond and Washington.
a starter-that is, something to make A foot-power machine for cleaning |
the cream sour-but when necessary and polishing oranges and lemons. THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savannah, Co-
we set the cream vessel in a large pan Can be used dry or with water. lumbia and Washington.
of warm water until the cream is up Capacity-One car of fruit a day. v II a
to seventy degrees or over. Price. $45.00. F. O. B., California. ll a
We use a box churn hung on the .WRIGHT BROTHERS, The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'
corners, and strain the cream into the Riverside, Cal.
churn at a temperature of from V4 to The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
66 degrees. Churn until granules of BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON. To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashev;lI
butter are about as large as grains of
wheat. Before churning, however, we n granaries to kill weevil, tode- The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
wheat. Before churning, however, w troy rats and gophers and to keep in
drop in five drops of coloring for each sects from the seed. etc.
pound of butter. 2o CENTS PER POUND,
When the butter has come nicely pt up In ten and fifteen pound cans Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
draw off the butter milk and pour into Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
the churn half or two-thirds as much E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville. To The York, Philadelphia an Boston.
cold water as you have butter milk.
Turn the churn about one hundred The "C mn Sense" ia Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
revolutions, draw off the water, spring tion Company for Baltimore.
kle on a little salt. turn the churn part- Orange Sizer and Grader via stealmsai
ly over, sprinkle on a little more, then
turn the churn back the other way AS IrPROVED FOR SEASONOF 19oo To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
and finish salting. Put on the lid V N ULA CC IDAL
give the churn a few turns slowly and AND
let it stand open a few minutes until HAVANA STEAMISHIP CO.
the salt has had plenty of time to dis-.
solve. Then'turn gently until the but- NOVA SCOTIA,
ter works into balls, then take it out CAPE BRETON& Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
onto the butter worker and press suf- BSTEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
ficlently to squeeze out the remaining PRINCE EDWARIDS Charlottestown
buttermilk, and no more. SLAND... and harottetown.
W. H. Mann.
avinimt for Poul tr. W inter Tourist Tickets
81orn's Liniment for Poultry.
Cores -swelled head, frothing at the Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
mouth, canker and roup. SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
This disease called Roup is one of U during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
the greatest drawbacks to poultry rais- over privileges in Florida.
ers. It can be cured by rubbing ONLY $8.50 ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
Sloan's Liniment on the outside of the Sales in Florida, California and be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
throat and during the inflammatory Jamaica Have Reached the VERTISING MATTER.
stage of the disease, administering a
stagdrop of the Liniment diluted in a little 14oo Mark. Vr information as to rates, sleeplnl-e ar services, rerrvations, etc., write to
water twice a day. This will open up Brights and Russets can be Sized and M. JOLLY, Div ison Passenger Agent.
the throat and is an excellent and sure graded at the same time. Capacity 5oo 13H West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
remedy. Dr. Earl 8. Sloan. boxes per day. W. B. DENHAM. B. W. WRENN.
Formerly of St. Louis, Mo., T CAIGen. Supt. Pas Trafc Mnr
Boston, Moas, U. 8. A., See page 8 T. CAI S, D 8t PaAVANNAH. GEORGIA.
678 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Pomona Nurseries. of acres is only half that of the nursery
devoted to peaches. A large percent-
(Continued from First Page.) age of these peaches are grown on con-
tract for the large nurseries in the
pleasure of testing a Washington naval north. The superior facilities of the
that fruited two years from the bud. Pomona nurseries enables them to
The fruit was of medium size. thin grow the peach and have it ready for
skin, and very juicy, with juice much the market in a great deal less time
nearer maturity than would be ex- and in better shape than the Northern
pected on the ordinary stock, thirty to nurseries can do it. Consequently the
forty days later. The influence on Grifing Bros. have no small business
early fruiting can be readily seen from in alone supplying peach trees for oth-
the illustration here shown. Trees in er nurseries.
actual nursery row have troti one to We could go on and describe the
twenty oranges. plots and nursery stock and the differ-
Pecan culture, in the
last few years, has ,, B ,,e, .n
been attracting wide-
spread attention. and .
demand for stock is in- -.
Formerly it was be-
lieved that the only
way to put out pecans
was to plant two or
more nuts where you
wish the tree to grow
and then pull out all
except the most vigor-
ous It was even
thought t:hat tile trees
could not be transplant-
ed. grafted or budded,
but in the last few
years this has all Iwen
changed, and any one
setting out a seedling
pecan would be consid-
ered as far behind as
the man who should
put out a seedling ap-
pie. The same prin-
ciple of being able to
know what you get
when you use grafts or
buds, holds good with
the wecan as it does
with all fruit trees.
The influence of buad-
ding, also is for early
maturity, so that one
does not hlrve to pass
quarter of a lifetime
before the trees come
into hearing, but can
really enjoy some of
the fruits of his labor.
We saw a pecan tree
that had on a good
crop of nuts, that was -
but ten years old. It Bearing Oranges in Nursery Row.
was planted in grove
form when but two years old and ent varieties, such as, apples, plums,
has given four Vrops of nuts. The persimmons. grapes and ornamental
nuts were of good size and the tree shrubbery, but it would be a repeti-
well loaded. As to the ability of the tion with the exception of names, for
pecan to stand transplanting, we saw I everything is grown on a large scale.
ten trees that were eight years old One of the pretty sights on the place,
when transplanted, and all but two of is a two acre field of roses in full
them were doing well. One peculiar- bloom. How all true lovers of flowers
ity of the pecan is that, after it is bud- would have enjoyed this sight. To look
ded, it starts off growing much more down the row and see bush after bush
rapidly and vigorously than seedling loaded with the beautiful La France,
trees in the same row, and the tree in in bud and bloom, and to inhale the
which the bud has taken can be read- exquisite perfume of the Marechal
ily told by its size and thriftiness over Niel, and then to look up and see the
the seedling. The demand for the bud- American Beauty standing like a senti-
ded pecan is constantly increasing and nel guarding over the rest, gives a pie-
although very large plots are devoted ture that is hard to paint with words
to the growing of this tree, Mr. Grif- or brush, and its beauty can only be
fing stated that they did not expect to realized by actually seeing it. The wri-
have any trees left over at the end of ter not only saw the roses, but actually
the season. carried away half a bushel of buds
Millions and millionA of peaches will of various kinds that delighted many a
be gathered in the next few years from heart before the petals withered and
trees that are now standing in nursery dropped from their stems.
form. Just think of one lot of twelve The shipping season has already be-
acres devoted exclusively to peach gun and we found the men busy put.
trees and you can form some idea of ting up trees for shipment. Their
the number growing, and this number packing house is so arranged that ev-
everything is handled with
as little loss of motion and
at the same time thorough-
ness, as their years of ex-
perience has enabled them
to develop. All of the trees,
S- shipment, go through the
fumigating boxes and are
fumigated before shipping.
The same is done for all
kinds of scions, buds, and
impor:ed stock before they
arP Ipit out. whether tlhey
;Iair fromll ; infected point
or not. This is done on the
prinltile that an ounce of
prevention is better than a
pound of cure.
Two year old Naval on Trifoliata. So many hands are em-
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
__ PLANTING._ _
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
SE E D Jacksville. Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchlss Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Peans. etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
t application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jackloeville, Pa.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA...
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
.. FROM ..
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND"" EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week
to New York bnd making close connection with New York-Boston ships or bound Lines.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing scheduine. Writ
for general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
g. H. HIINTON. FTrafe Mgr., WALTmR HAWKIs, Inm. Agrs.
Iovroah:Ga. a24 w. Bay t.,Jacksoaills Pia
played constantly through the year,
that the nursery is a little
settlement by itself, and to
accommodate those who are em-
ployed on the plantation, and do not
have families or do not live in the vi-
cinity, a co-operative boarding house
has been built so that the expenses of
living have been reduced to the actual
cost of provisions and the preparing
of the same for the table. This is not
only a help to the laborers, but also
to the nurseries, for in this way the
men are always on the place.
So rapid has been the growth of
the business, and so scattered are the
different experimental nurseries and
groves, that it became necessary to
have a more centrally located office,
therefore a little over a year ago, Grif-
fing Bros. moved their business de-
partment to Jacksonville, on Main
street, to a location opposite the water-
works. Here they have a fine display
of roses and also have their testing
grounds for testing seed furnished by
their seed department. They also have
here on exhibition, eighteen varieties
of fowls that they have catalogued.
Itight here we must stop to mention
the poultry department of their extend-
ed business. Scattered over their nur-
series at Macclenny they have coops of
different varieties of fowls so far apart
that while they have full range, they
are kept as distinctly separate as if
they belonged to different establish-
ments. In this way the fowls have
free range and are therefore healthier
than poultry that is bred in small
coops and kept confined until sold. As
the stock in town becomes depleted,
the coops in the country are drawn on
to keep up the supply.
The seed business is also a recent
development, growing out of the de-
mand of our people for a home market
where they could buy reliable seed for
the garden truck patch, without having
to send to the northern seed houses for
them. They have issued a beautiful
seed catalogue in which they list vari-
eties that do well in the state, and by
their systematic arrangements for fill-
ing orders, they are able to take care
of the large business that is constantly
increasing. At the present time their
office is a beehive of busy workers, fill-
ing orders for customers and answer-
ing correspondence of intended buyers.
They are not too busy, however, to
welcome any farmers or truck growers
who may find it convenient to visit
Jacksonville, and see for themselves
what stock they carry in any or all of
the different departments.
They issue three large catalogues,
one devoted to nursery stock, one de-
voted to roses and ornamental plants,
and one devoted to seeds. We would
therefore recommend any one wanting
anything in this line, to send to them
for their catalogue, which will be
mailed free and besides the informa-
tion given within its covers, and which
can be had nowhere else, you will be
able to learn the prices of some very
desirable as well as standard varieties
of fruit trees, etc.
If a business can grow in fourteen
years from five acres and an ox to 100(
acres of land, and a large corps of help,
one can scarcely predict what the fu-
ture has in store, especially when It is
known that the Griffing Bros.' nurser-
ies are located on different lines of
roads and in different sections of the
country, so that they can become per-
sonally and thoroughly acquainted
with the varieties best adapted to the
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 67
YLOU IDIAINA. editions and adapted to the needs of -. - -
-- students. It is proposed by the author-
ities of the University to make the li- i --
M. L. Moore & Co., turpentine dis. bay a complete rence library C H E S TEr
tillers, of Umatilla, are doing a fine lawyers throughout the state. The e
business. They are making large ship. Dean of the Law School and his as- EF TN
ments almost daily.-Ex. sistants are thoroughly educated and FACTORY EDSHOTGUN SEu.S
The truckers in the vicinity of Web- experienced teachers and some of the
ster are in good spirits; their veget- ablest judges in the state are engaged
able are in fine condition. Some will as lecturers on special topics. PJ ow"w. ,IW" ifE u l MP ,
ship cukes and tomatoes in a few days. Florida students can secure at home I o
At Jacksonville one day last week now every advantage in instruction latupon haing them, take no othand you will get the beat hall tht money can by.
Mrs. Ellen Williamson heard a burglar and equipment for the practice of law; ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
in the house and went to hunt him. Af- as nowhere in the country is given a *
ter finding him she deliberately grap. more through two years' course of
pled with him and on his breaking study.
away hastily grabbed a revolver and Stetson University is an honor to the
fired three shots at him as he was run. state, and we are glad to note that our
ning from the house. people are appreciating the splendid ad- o i
That Alachua county is adapted to vantages offered them. All depart-
the raising of cotton has been demon- ments are officered and equipped bet-
strated by John Townsend, a prosper. ter than ever this fall, and the open- BOUTH BOUND (pead Down.) In mfMeet P.* a t (tm it V L Ua .
ous farmer living in Rex, who has ing has exceeded all its predecessors s,,.1 ,fo. '2o.4
broken the record, having secured in numbers. Room will be provided j DGiy ll~y Dnly No. a STATIOMS. N .Lt
twenty-eight bales of cotton from for all, and new dormitories will be g ex 'm .5
by Mr. Townsend is of extraordinary and women who desire an academic ..... ii Is LT "........ W A ::'
good quality and brought him 24 cents or college education, those who desire 11 t ........ L
per pound in the lint at Savannah. to take a business college course, those -- ... r ...... At j i ... ..
Who can beat this record?-Gainesville who wish to prepare to teach, or equip .... 1 Z L ......... Palat .. ... r ..
Sun. themselves more perfectly for that g 0 TS ..Ar ........ w... ..... L ..... M'
The water hyacinths in the lakes be- important work, or those who wish ji[ I A .........n Mat .A .1 ......... IT P .....
twn here and the St. Johns river are special work in music-instrumental .. .6I .mp v ....... m es (Bith ......... T .
tween here and the St. Johns river are o v l a form okP 1U ........... Ormond .......... -- I...... L- 4 m 1
fast becoming much of a nuisance. e vocal or any orm of art wrk, as ......... m o% a.. a 1...
Acres of water are covered with them, welanl finas the who wish t po study law ....... .
and in on r to tl nd the very best poble facili- .k ri S.,.
andt In one or two cases they threaten ties in all these departments in Stetson a ..........Tiuv:in.... ::::..: 2V* ....... Nt g
It is a question whether the river can University, at DeLand. The author- ......... .......... ot......... ... .
ever be e ictally rid of them, when cities are glad to give information by ;.... ek .. .: . .
the lakes which feed the sources of the Eorrespondene, or send catalogues to ..... ......... ....
river are constantly propagatin resh applicants. who may address the pres- .e .........
rivet dentrJohn F. coForbesstnl p a- .... ident, Jon .......... Fo s :::F........ ::::::::. S ......... I
plants by the million.-Orlando Cor. T. IN ......... ......... ......... i' ..
U & c C ....^ ^ ^ . a 1%: :::: ::::::
Jesse Sanders, colored, the engineer :...: ........... dma ....:...... ....
of the Lake City Ice company's fac- .... ... .......... .... ..... .. .
tory, had his neck broken while wrest- .. I ....... .bed...... ..... .
ling with a comrade recently. The ............ :::.....:.. w::et er ...... i .
two engaged in a prize contest, the one .......... m eh .... .......... ...
to place the other in a pit eight feet E S ... .......... . ;,..... ....
deep, when they both lost their bal- .. ...... t d le.. 8 .........
foremost into the pit. He was killed ;am B uor em on Trains a and 7.
instantly. The other wrestler was etwee Jahom Pabl" e and -PaW-ort.--
dragged into the pit by the falling man
Cs FbrCm n1 1& ( ...........
but sustained no serious injuries.- 8TATIONs8. N lA S I
Lake City Cor. T.-U. & C. T7 only
The John Chesnut Fiber Company 7 : .Da:l .3. Jekn e .D.......L
is turning out a fine article of pal. .... ....... e ch... .. 7B S. 7
metto fiber, which they are disposing 7n 1 pa~l, a nic lC girls 'T ......... .... e ............ 44 ......
of as fast as they can make it. The d need a fatty food to enrich oew.m Noew s.n -ia of s-gs BDtw- Titusill. amw sU...t
Arm has a contract with a Jacksonville ctty J metl m.
frm who take all the fiber that can their blood, give color to I t -t .
be produced. At present the company thir cheeks and r e teir .... .... ............ .. ..." ii
Is experiencing some difficulty in pro- their cheeks and rstore their ...... ......... ........
curing the raw material, but they seem health and strength. It is :.t: ,: :.. .... ::..*
to think they have secured the services ; ondt 3oes An trins iatwd .
of competent persons who will furnish safe to say that they nearly __m S a**r 4w 'nqM
a nall reect fat with their o "wa eaeralo but as or at t.
al the material needed. This company A L. L .
now has the capacity for turning out a fat ith their d"food. the kmksmky heM i1frn hr y :ia180, ". aOF say
about three tons of fiber per day. The 0
material they manufacture is of fine e
texture and commands a fair price on s TA Peninsular and Occidental S.S. Co.
the market.-Gainesvllle Sun. CONNG EIONS AT EAMI .
Managers of the large hotels, the op- M- HAVANA UINE.
ening dates of which range from the -
middle to the close of next month re. COD LIVER OIL tsI Wees Wedasexdy. .......55 p. st. .
port that there is an unusually large W7/A/ffrP AVOS/W ESO jSvO Havan& Thursday& ......... ..........
correspondence regarding accommoda- 9L5 er we.." Thurdaysra........ 6m p.. W
tons for the coming season, many of KEY WET U M
them being for periods covering the en- is exactly what they ruire ........ -
tire season. The smaller hotels and t ;I K st* n..I ay............ An W..
boarding houses are receiving a large it not only gives them the im-; n s.... .t Ra's .. a. is. .
number of inquiries from all over the l 4_- i ---I
country, including a great many from portant element (cod-liver oil) Us. U~ el .6 rr
Canada. While it is difficult to pre- in a palatable and easily di- f ari n AW'
diet what the season will bring forth,
the conditions this fall are favorable gested frm,butalsothehypo- M ALLO RY STEA M SH IP LINE.
for a large tourist business, and hotel- phosphits which a"m so valua-
dom is preparing for the greatest sea- P OSpehit U Car SOValuar serei e.
son for years.-St. Augustine Cor. of ble in nervo disorders that Florida To loe' onne
T.-U. & C. nir to th ons with steams -e ave
S. C usually accompany anemia. New York Jackes ille (Uni da-
pot) Thursdays 8:15 & m.
Stetson University. SCOTTS EMULSION is a Phila- A c. p.ur.)sory e1. %-
The recent opening of a College of ootrd p bera d lt.aomr m.er.a-
Law in John B. Stetson University, atae fay ood than y d loterp i or"ll ran"
a 2tn di od Plant Sysem at 2:00 v m.,
Deand, is a signicant vent in the digested than any other ormtoBrnswick m.
history of.education in Florida. This a. Brnwnic irect to 43o ain.v
is the first professional school ever of fat. A certain amount of. Fr BranswiLdiect to --ng ers on aovalr g
opened in connection with a Florida New Yoir neCeSSary for he ee r
openeh n is necessary for health. : 1:Ift
institution of learning, and it starts off PRO~ZO BED S~A uI W for Aug.. I1S0.
well equipped in every respect for YOU Can get it in this wy. NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK G. DIRECT TO NEW Yo LEAVING EVER
broad and thorough work. The bar of i RIDAY S FOLLOWS:
the state, through a committee, are ac- We have known per- ADO.. .. .. .......... ............ 12
lively at work providing a splendid 11- C s. 8. RIO sRANDE ...... .... .......... ........ ............. Oct 1
brary for the law school, and already S o gain pound a COLORADO .. ...................................... Oct. 2
g a i 1- S. CIOGRANDO......................... ....
some six hundred volumes have been day while taking it. S. S. RIO GRAND... ... ...................... ........ Nov. 2
purchased and donated by law publish-I so. aind Ik.o, ad For lowest rate, reservation mi full information apply to
tag frms and are on the shelves. These scoTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New Yark. W. Bay t B 't GIL
books are all the very best and latest H H. a Rayon & F. ea na Pie. 21, E. ja, Ner r
-0. H. Mflllory A Go oeral Agents. Pier 21, B. BL, Ner York.
a THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
4 Time=Tried and Crop=Tested! 4
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE.
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL.
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL.
HIGH GRADE POTASH.
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY.
PARIS GREEN and insecticides get
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to cos
tain all their fertilizing and inaecticid.
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = Jacksonville, Fla.
Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
The Best Beaults.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-We have been well
pleased with all fertilizers purchased
from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
J. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E. O. Painter d Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-- I have used your ferti-
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so
well pleased with results that I shall
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly.
DeLand, Fla., Sept. 26, 1900.
Reports Satisfactory Results.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-During the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables.
pineapples and oranges and we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom.
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers, and they also report
satisfactory results. Yours very traly,
Clifford Orange Co.
Citra, Fla., Sept 20, 1900.
One Copy Worth a Year's Subscrip
E. O. Painter & Co., JackwerUle, Fln.
Gentlemen:-I have considered your
state my future home and may get
there yet. The Agriculturist has given
me more pointers than any paper I
have read, even for this and more
northern latitudes. Many an item has
been worth the year's subscription.
W. H. Chaddock,
Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17, 1900.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"T.HLi IDEA Ti," BRANDS
kIrYtS HAVE TH ES E. WWW"
Then why pay $35.0, and $40.00 .per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................ $3.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per tor.
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ 3o.oo per ton IDEAL POOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.o00 pet ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I ................. $28.oo per ton
TDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE.......... $3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER... .......... .$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT 17ZRR COMPANY,
Ptir. Poot Bra od o sad BaS, $1800 per to. Damaaland Guanow The Ideal Tobacco Fraaer. 44.00 per to.