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Vol. XXVII, No. 43. Jaksoville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Oct. 24, W. Whole No. 1395
f1~w Plork am- tw .
In looking over the tobacco field, one
cannot help being struck with its per-
sistent progress and prosperity regard-
less of opposition, heavy burden of tax-
ation and comparative non-support by
state and national governments. What
little encouragement it has received has
been meagre in comparison with result-
In Florida, the F. C. & P. railway
company, owned, as the writer is in-
formed, largely by Hollanders who are
familiar with tbs SR2rm2se profit? of the
Sumatra tobacco industry, and who also
knew that a fine quality could be raised
in Florida, for the upbuilding of a profit-
able business for the railroad, encour-
aged the agriculturists along its line to
cultivate -tobacco and employed an
agent whose duty it was to supply seed
Id give instructions to the farmers.
This company also sent a special agent
to Sumatra to secure the best seed ob-
Thlc ligiB prices obtained by the first
growers encouraged others. The state
commissioner ofagriculture became in-
terested and purchased, in Cuba, the to-
bacco seed with what funds were avail-
able. and distributed them throughout
Thus encouraged, coupled with other
favorable conditions, the Cuban rebel-
lion and the national tariff, gave the in-
dustry an impetus that has given the
state of Florida a national reputation
as a fine cigar producing state.
The Poquonock experiments, under-
taken by the Connecticut growers, aided
by the professional services of the state
agricultural college, have become fam-
ous and will result in improving Con-
courage the industry by establishing a
tobacco experiment station.
Wisconsin, with meager appropria-
ti ns and the skillful management of
P of. Goff, in experiments with barn
c -ing, has given the tobacco world im-
portant improvements in the barn cure.
The state of North Carolina has given
the industry but meager support, con-
sidering the value of the industry to the
In the same category may be placed
Kentucky and Tennessee, as well as
Louisiana, a state that has a national
reputation for its Perique tobacco, and
a state in which the finer grades of cigar
leaf could be grown.
In view. of the improvements made
by the foregoing initiatory encourage-
ments. the favorable attitude of the pres-
ent secretary o6'agriculture can but re-
sult in placing the United States in a
position to compete with the tobacco
producing countries of the world.
The present requirements of the mar-
ket in regard to cigar leaf are manifold.
Men who amokc for the atlsarTr dr-
rived from the fumes are more easily
pleased than those who smoke to be in
fashion. With the latter class fashion
is the first consideration, as they have
not. what might be termed, any tobacco
sense. Fashion, like a pendulum, swings
from one extreme to another, Twenty
years ago a dark wrapper, without lus-
ter, one frequently treated with chem-
icals to impart color, was the rage.
From that the fashion changed until last
year, when it reached its climax on the
other side, a canary colored wrapper
being demanded. The pendulum is now
swinging the other way and dark wrap-
pers are again in demand.
Cigar manufacturers are largely re-
sponsible for the rage in light colors.
A dark wrapper imparts considerable
strength to a cigar; this, coupled with a
strong, half fermented, shop treated
filler, makes the cigar too strong for the
city smokers whose lives are largely
spent in sedentary office pursuits. To
these an overripe, light colored wrapper
made sufficient difference in the strength
of the cigar to prefer it. A smoker
hears the request for a light cigar,
catches the infection, and thus the de-
mand ever continues for ever increasing
Smokers need to be enlightened on the
difference between a light and a
healiby colored }Icdf 'Tfic faift i, M l
more over-ripe a leaf becomes, either in
the field or while curing in the barn,
the lighter the shade, until at length as
it becomes fully ripe on the plant, it ac-
quires the color of chaff, and is nothing
mars than a dsad !af-
The object of the life of any plant 1i
the production of seed. The constituents
which make the seed, are taken up by
the root of the plant, carried to the leaf
and are there carbonized, just as the
blood is carried through the lungs to be
oxidized. The leaves and stock store
these constituents until the time arrives
to form the seed, when they move from
the leaf to the stock and up to the seed.
If the leaf is harvested when this physio-
logical process begins all these elements
C fs r e1R4?ed in the leaf and we get a
deeper colored. stronger and more aro-
matic leaf than at a later stage when the
leaf has parted with those desirable qual-
ities. The fact that the bloom bud is
taken from the plant, and the plant not
permitted to produce seed, does not
alter the physiological processes of plant
life. These are the natural and perman-
ent processes, the plant ever endeavor-
ing to send out new spikes, suckers,
until at last it becomes exhausted and
begins to die, or. as we call it. to ripen.
The demand for thoroughly fermented
tobacco is constant. To supply this de-
mand. various expedients of subject-
ing tobacco to artificial heat are resort-
ed to to produce a pleasant, mild. aro-
matic smoke, that will not leave a bad
taste, usual (I) to tobacco that has been
Permitted to heat too quick in fermenta-
tion, producing a disagreeable, strong.
ammoniated, emetic taste; (2) to tobacco
that has not fermented sufficiently, leav-
ing much of the rank, weedy aroma of
the barn cured leaf.
In this branch of the business dealers
and man ifastrt!re "ned "ore !i;ht on
ferments. They need to know what spec-
ial ferments produce the desirable flav-
ors as the alcoholic and ascetic ferments:
their "physiology. or conditions neces-
sary for their favorable development;the
Chemical changes caused by them. and
the effects of the heat which they cause
in fermentation, such as converting
starch into sugar, glucose, etc. Second-
ly, they need to Know what ferments
produce undesirable effects, as the lac-
tic and butyric ferments, and the condi-
tions necessary for their suppression
during the fermentation. Possibly they
need to know, too, what ferments should
be added at the different times of the fer-
menting process. Tobacco, in fermen-
tation, may be compared to the soil of a
farm. For instance to produce certain
crops and specific effects in those crops,
the farmer rotates the crops, some-
times mixing the seed of various kinds
ms in forage croat or he aBPr !egum-
inous crops thick to kill out the weeds
and leave the soil mellow. The science
of fermentation is in its infancy just as
the science of farming was not many
Quality, in tobacco, as-in other pro-
ducts, is the first consideration. In this
branch of the business the farmer exerts
the first influence. He needs to know
the effect of the soil, of the fertilizer,
o( clmates on varieties, the physiology
of plan i fe, the amount to space a phlni
needs to grow heavy or light, how to
improve his seed, the effect of light and
shade, which can be regulated largely
by the distance apart the plants are set
and the direction of the rows, that he
may be able. in a meaurs, t2 proau e
what the market demands.
After the quality comes the grade. This
is controlled by the purposes for which
the leaf is to be used as for wrapper,
binder or filler. The grades, too, are
controlled by quality, all qualities being
graded into these three principal grades.
The sorting depends upon the standard
of colors adopted in the cigar industry,
as, clara, colorado maduro; by specks,
by blemishes on one or both sides of
the stem of the leaves, by weight of
lg Y t elasti ti 0 _1 I9ngath of leaf:
7, by condition of the veins, as to wheth-
er they are prominent or not.
Other factors enter into the equation,
such as burning quality and fire hold-
ing capacity. The leaf must hold fire
so that the dry cigar will continue to
glow through an interval of from three
to six minutes, that the smoker may
carry on an ordinary conversation or
read an absorbing paragraph, during
which time he forgets to draw on the
cigar, without the cigar going out.
Defects of this kind are largely rem-
edied in the Cuban curing process by
the addition of nitrate of potash to the
infusion with which the leaves are
sprayed. This defect is also remedied
by the manufacturer by the addition of
nitrate of potash to the water or liq-
uid with which the tobacco is brought
into case preparatory to manufacturing
it into cigars.
As a rule, tobacco that has been prop-
erly cured burns to a white or grey ash,
as the organic matters, such as sugar.
gum and starch have been converted
.into other forms that burn well. Of
course, where there is too much helor-
ine in the leaf, the fermentation does not
improve the burn to such an extent
as when the chlorine is not in excess
of certain amounts. The ash must be
firm so that it will not flake and cover
the smoker with ashes,
Binders, except when light colored,
fine Sumatra wrappers are used, are not
so carefully sorted as to color, and are,
therefore sorted into three colors,
light, medium and dark, and into lengths
and fine heavy binders.
In filler, aroma, taste, color of ashes
and burning quality constitute the prin-
ciple requirements, no regard being paid
to color or condition of veins. As a rule,
the thinner the filler, the better the com-
bustion, the whiter the ash, and the
smoother the finished cigar. In Amer-
ica, fillers are sorted into top, bottom,
long and short fillers. In Cuba and
Florida. usually into four grades. Ist,
2nd, 3rd, and 4th. The lati being iiiil
leaves and anything fit for a cigar that
has been rejected from the other three
Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Ohio and.
Wisconsin.-The qualities of Pennsyl-
vania, Connecticut Valley and Wiscon-
sin tobaccos approximate each other.
They are all founded on seed originally
obtained from Cuba and propagated in
Connecticut and known as seed leaf. In
the native county o the wriier in PEni-
sylvania, the farmers used to order the
seed from Connecticut. At that time,
upwards of thirty years ago, Connecti-
cut Havana was the highest American
standard. It was milder than Wiscon-
sin, Pcnnailvania. Ohis and West Vir
ginia tobacco, the latter three of which
were then largely used in the manufac-
ture of cigars at Pittsburg, Pa.
In all fields of tobacco, no matter what
the variety, there are some plants with
rounder, wider leaves than the general
run of the field. Some manufacturers
preferred this broad leaf tobacco, and
growers saved seed from the broadest
leaved plants in the field. This, by con-
stant planting, developed into a dis-
tinct class known as the broad-leaf.
broad-leaf raised in Pennsylvania, Ohio
and Wisconsin, excepting some differ-
ences in flavor and texture, caused by
difference in soil and climate, is the
same as the Connecticut Valley broad-
leaf. .The Connecticut Valley tobacco
is milder than the Wisconsin, the Wis-
consin milder than the Pennsylvania
This Havana type is the principle va-
riety raised in the above states, except in
Ohio where the Zimmer Spanish. which
makes a good all round cigar, is rapidly
gaining favor and crowding out the
Connecticut type. The Zimmer Spanish
is regarded as the highest type of do-
mestic filler. As a rule it is somewhat
dark and heavy for wrappers.
Pennsylvania Tobacco.-Under the
present market demands, Pennsylvania
produces more binder and filler than
fine wrapper, because the color tends
to darker shades; it is also somewhat
heavier than the Connecticut and Wis-
consin. Excepting small areas of the to-
bacco section, high grade wrappers, as
at prcacnt demanded, arc not prodsucc
to a large extent in Pennsylvania. Nev-
ertheless, Pennsylvania wrappers are in
high demand for the cheaper grades of
cigars, notably for stogies.
Pennsylvania tobacco has a flavor pe-
culiar to itself, differing somewhat from
4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
the Connecticut and Wisconsin. Smok-
ers who acquire a taste for it, prefer it
to the finer varieties. This has been
noticed by men who visit Pittsburg,
where tihef of wealth smoke the Penn-
sylv*ai stogie in preference to the Ha-
vana cigar, especially for out-of-door
It is the opinion of the writer that the
preference for stogies to cigars is large-
ly due to the more perfect combustion
of the thin stogy. He has frequently seen
stagy sowi w thgow away a thicker
cigar wten 'l W aked because it be-
came too strtmo
Valley toba is produeed nader the
system -of ht fe rtdization and cultiva-
tion that peori there, causing enor-
mous wiops p be produced with a large
per cet of high grade, fine, silky, elas-
tic, sama veined wrapper with a compar-
atively neutral flavor.
Upwards of thirty years ago, when
the small leaf, which the writer used to
strip in those days, was raised there
from Havana seed, under less modern
methods its flavor was distinctly Havana.
At that time the state was noted as an
all round tobacco producing state; pro-
ducing wrappers, '"bindcr and filler.
Now it is considered a wrapper state
whose product under Spanish rule, was
not permitted to be imported into
Cuba, and was accordingly, smuggled on
the island and-used in the manufacture
vo'eoar, as in te ease with ail crop
of cigar tobacco, a portion is binder and
a portion is filler, and Connecticut bind-
ers and fillers continue to be a staple on
Ohio.-This state produces a tobacco
that, leaving out the element of color,
makes an all round cigar, though its
product has a high reputation for filler
and binder. Ohio tobacco, when thor-
oughly fermented, makes a high grade
smoke: its Zimmer Spanish having a
national rotation for blendini with
other varwties, producing new and
Wisconsin.-Wisconsin produces a
tobacco midway between the Connecti-
cut and Pennsylvania tobaccos, produc-
ing wrapper, binder and filler. Wisconsin
does produce some high grade wrap-
pers, some having been sold in New
York for Connecticut wrappers. Wis-
consin has madeits-way in the market
in competition with other domestic to-
Florida.-Florida produces, from Ha-
vans seed, a good grade of Havana to-
bacco; it is milder than the imported
a t9, Tht gr9werv 9v Fl9rida aim tv
produce wrapper and pay little attention
to the elements necessary for a good
filler. If the planters of Florida used
guano as liberally as it is done in Cuba
they would impart strength to their pro-
duct. But this would lower the per cent.
of wrappers, because the use of guano
makes the leaf heavy as well as strong.
There is a large body of heavily tim-
bered, hard-wood land on the west
coast of Florida, below Cedar Keys,
with a clay sub-soil, underlaid and inter-
mixed with lime and marl, that will
produce a heavy strong tobacco, more
like CUBM 8 re eias Rse tan fI;iS?~5
The writer has seen White Burley to-
bacco grow on these soils with remark-
able luxuriance, so that on these strong
hammock lands a high grade of chew-
ing and manufacturing tobacco can also
The lighter sandy soils of Florida are
adapted to producing at excellent Su-
matra tobacco, some of its product ac-
tually passing for imported Sumatra
It is needful for the Florida growers to
exercise more care in the production
of their seed. Havana and Sumatra to-
bacco is allowed to seed in close prox-
imity. This imparts to Florida Havana,
the better taste of the Sumatra, and the
Sumatra, the pleasant aroma of Havana,
and modifies the texture of both.
Otto C. Butterweck.
CfltMr eo the ema ehor Tre.
~fW MSU A rAiUw fri.
By your reqet I will now attempt
to gIve what I have learned from a
careful Inveamgatla of the cultuj of
the eSmpbwr te In Florida.
A visit to the experiment station at will be good and the income perman-
Lake City, the nursery grounds of Mr. ent.
G L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary, Fla., The world's supply so far as known
and the fact that there ave several fine to the writer is all from foreign coun-
sDecimens of the camphor tree grow- tries. The island of Formosa has pro-
lug in our own vicinity and about Be- dured munat pirhnap where tit h tre
Land, gives me abundant proof that grow wild, and the practice of the na-
the trqe flourishes well and will give tives has been to destroy the tree and
no trouble in its production to any ex- use all of it to extract the gum. Japan
tent desired and in almost any part and China also have the camphor tree
of northern and middle Florida. in its native state, so that from the
The producing of the raw material present condition of the latter coun-
then. ao far an I can learn: will find try. and the dtetrartian at tht trS in
no obstacle in the way of success on Formosa, If Florida can produce cam-
our high'pine or fiat woods sotl. phor gum- cheaply, as it now looks,
The tree is of a beautiful shape and why may we not feel encouraged and
may be used -to make an ornamental gladly welcome the new venture.
evergreen thege if desired where It 'Iet us welcome all these new de-
may also be rendered profitable from velopments and as far as possible, give
the cuttings to keep it in proper shape them a fair trial, and by and by, per-
and size. When planted in a grove or haps some of our good old neighbors
orchard, it is easily cultivated, is of who, thoroughly discouraged, aban-
rapid growth and if left to itself, soon doned everything and left us, may
becomes large, come back and resume places as of
I cannot find that it is subject to any yore. S. B. Mann.
insect troubles or blight whatever, nor *
Is it so tender that it is injured by any Culture of the Smyrna Pig in Call-
of the freezes so far known In Volusla tornia.
county. The tree is easily produced The year 1900 will be remarkable in
from seed which the mature tree the history of fig culture in California,
yields in great abundance. as it will record the production for the
Now having established the fact of first time, not only in this state, but in
the successful growth of the raw ma- all America, of a crop of Smyrna figs
trial for this new enterprise, the prof- fertilized by the process of caprifica-
Itableness of the venture hinges upon tion.
the possibility of converting it into From time immemorial the operation.
marketable gum cheaply. so far as which consists in transferring the in-
iihy &-k1i4f- ti nay-e na n matt, w pheat Lrafrni th wlend, fs tIa flasto
find the process a very simple one. The phaga from the wild, or Capri, fig to
leaves and twigs may be used for this the trees which produce the figs of
and not use up the whole t and commerce, has been practiced in Asia
and not use up the whole trze and Minor, whence large quantities are im-
roots as the natives in the islands have pord u r the lare antitis are im.
done. But this cutting back of the ported under the name of Smyrna fgs.
done. But this cutting back of the In describing the process, now
tree at frequent seasons of the year, known to be indispensable to the pro-
the trees may be planted close and duction of the choicest figs, it should
kept small and easy of access. be primarily understood that the blos-
Mr. H. G. Hubbard, of Crescent som of the fig tree is contained inside
City, Fla., read a very valuable article of the fig, and that, therefore, the true
before the State Horticultural Society fruit of the fig tree is the seed found
at its meetain In lamB on thie ahjbi"lm In ruo n: that tin ng Iteelr Is wnhat
giving the results or experiments mafde btafists call a riceptacle-viz., a stem
in distilling the paves and twigs and or support-of the flower and fruit;
was successful in producing a pure and also that there are two kinds of
article of gum. flowers-the staminate, or male, and
His report, which we may reason- the pistillate, or female, flowers. It
ably accept as correct, showed that should also be known that there are
the process was indeed simple and re- two races of figs-those like the vari-
quirpd no great outlay of capital. It eties in common cultivation in this
seems to me that this might well re- state, such as the Mission, or Black
ceive the attention of the Experiment California. the Brown Turkey, the
Station at Lake City, and if consis- White Adriatic and others containing
tent with thp other nurierous duties both male and female flowers which
devolving upon it, I would suggest fertilize themselves and produce a crop
that, as there are sufficient trees grow- without external aid, and the Smyrna,
Ing there for the trial, and a well which is deficient in the male flowers,
equipped Iomical laboratory, that it but contains an abundance of the
be done at as early a date as conven- pietillate, aE fleals, B6Wa and whhsll
lent. must be fertilized with the pollen of
some other variety of fig to insure a
The expense of the distilling process crop. There is, moreover, a so-called
and thl extent of the apparatus re- wild fig, known in Asia Minor as the
quired could in this way be investiga- Capri fig (hence the word caprifica-
ted. If the process of distillation can tion). which is supplied with both
be as easily established as the pro- pistillate and staminate flowers.
during of the raw material has bqen, The blastophaga is a minute wasp,
this may and no doubt will, add one not over one-eighth of an inch in
more to the possibilities of Florida's length, and it propagates abundantly
brighter prospects, in the Capri fig, its natural home.
From best information obtainable, The insect lays its eggs in a flower,
the supply of the imported gum is al- which, as the minute grub develops,
y alto limited ad t growing lea forms a gall that protects and fnr-
ivacy Tiza, wram ty- fisfi ae d Ist u BaU lante ral- rfor curiliittl laeia until i
Ily increasing. Not only is its medical. emerges, a perfect insect. It is a curl-
al value increasing, but it is now en- ous provision of nature that only the
tering Into the manufacture of many female wasp is provided with wings,
articles of importance to the business which are necessary to enable it to
world which accounts for the rise in sally forth in order to propagate the
price. No doubt, camphor distilleries species by laying her eggs in other
would soon be built in the state and figs; while the male, having performed
a regular business soon bI built up, as his function, dies in the fig in which he
the leaves could be easily baled and was born.
shipped to factories for distilling. I am Insects play an important part In the
glad to note that the matter has al- fertilization of flowers, a notable in-
ready inerested some to the extent stance being the pollination of the
that several small grovXs of from five flowers of the red clover by the hum-
to ten acres each are being planted, ble bees. Some years ago it was found
The great -number of abandoned or- necessary to introduce that insect into
ange groves could be very easily and Australia, in order that red clover seed
cheaply converted into camphor might be raised in that island. The
groves and in from two to four years blastophaga is as necessary to the
be again yielding an income, and that, Smyrna fig as the humble bee is to the
too, at small outlay. red clover.
trom t s l oubard'st experiment As long ago as the winter of 1880,
From Mr. Hubbard's experiments, with the assistance of the late E. J.
he learned that about seventy-seven Smithers, United States Consul at
pounds of green leaves and twigs will Smyira Uh Ruletin imported ave
produced one pound of reined gumu If U myrnall iiyriA cuttiliga, which ar-
so it will not take very long from rived in fair condition and were plant-
planting for a tree to produce its ed in the Shinn nursery at Niles. In
pound of gum, and as 275 to 300 tlees the following season it was determined
can be grown on an acre, the profit to obtain a larger shipment, and 'the
services of Alexander Sidi, an Ameri-
can merchant at Smyrna, were enlis-
ted, Mr. Smithers having, in the mean.
time, been transferred to Chin Kiang,
Thl sjsti sifnwjunt, chhlatiang tf
13,500 cuttings, started from Smyrna
on the 14th of January, 1882, as will be
observed in the appended letter-
Smyrna, January 18, 1882.
"The San Francisco Bulletin Can-
pany, San Francisco, Cal., U. 8. A.-
Dear Sirs: Your valued favor, dated
septemwr 1, last reaenea me in aue
time and Its contents were obeyed.
"I sent out four men in the fig-grpw-
ing districts, and they brought me 16,-
000 outtings, from which I discuated
2,500 and shipped you 13,500, though
I-only paid for 8l.o00
"The moss packing reached me sea-
damaged and in a worthless condition,
and I had to pay to have it thrown
away, as it was unfit for use. I got
the cuttings packed in the way adopt.
ed by Mr. Smithers when he shipped
to you the first time, and I trust they
will reach you in due course. I ship-
ped the five cases, per steamship Ath-
enian, to Liverpool, for trans-shipment
to New York, and sent tie original
bill of lading to Messrs. H. K. Thurber
& Co., as directed by you. The cases
were stowed in a cool part of the
steamer, and every precaution was
taken to maintain them throughout In
a good condition. I may also add that
the cuttings were all procured from
ImS ;.?gt nmgigg 4Rgalaias is ;U
"I made out the consular invoice, and
had It duly certified, forwarding it
to Messsrs. Thurber & Co., and I en-
close for your guidance a copy of the
same with the duplicate bill of lading.
The cost, including all charges and
commission, amounts to 22,814 45-100
plasters of bill currency, which at the
rate of 136 1-4 per pound sterling,
equals in all 168 pounds, 16 shillings
and 6 pence.
"f hare somewhat supoersd the
sum you intended investing, but I
could not help it, as I could find no one
willing to undertake to procure me
8,000 cuttings only. It is a hard task
and will only pay the gatherer when
the quantity is considerable. Always
at your orders, I remain, gentlemen,
your very truly, Alexander Sidl."
The cuttings referred to in Mr.
Sidi's letter reached San Francisco,
early in April, 1882, and a large part
of them were distributed gratuitously
to subscribers of The Bulletin through-
out the Pacific Coast, where the climate
admitted of fig-growing. Thousands of
these cuttings became thrifty trees
anl in a few years commenced to Dear.
Then the trouble began. The fruit
dropped off when it was about half
grown, and this occurred year after
Year, and it is doubtful if a single fig
on any of these thousands of trees ever
reached maturity. It began to look
as if all the expense and trouble had
gone for naught, and, worst of all, The
Bulletin was blamed far and wide for
perpetrating a fraud on the people.
Some of the more charitable persons
opined that The Bulletin had been im-
posed upon by parties in Asia Minor,
bh hba" shilr I blirBmd hither a
worniileoa vatety or ngs.
At that time very little was known
in this country about the blastophaga
and caprificatlon, although a new lot
Capri-fig cuttings had been included
in the shipment at the suggestion of
Mr. Smithers, who was familiar with
the process as practiced by the grow-
ers in Asia Minor. However, without
the insect the Capri trees were useless;
besides, at that time, there existed a
great deal of skepticism with refer-
ence to the necessity of the operation.
An old English botanist, London, In
one of his works, asserted that the pro-
cess was the result of ignorance and
superstition among the natives of a
half-civilized country; while a com-
mission appointed by the Italian gov-
ernment for a special study of the
matter, in a report published about the
time of the importation of cuttings by
The Bulletin, pronounced against the
operation as useless and troublesome.
In IW1 Mr, 5mit-Lsa itsesd thtebsh
San Francisco on his way to uhlna,
and, during his sthy here, he gave
much valuable information on the fig
question. He insisted that the insect
was indispensable to the production of
B THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
of the soil ls'humus. It Is so reten-
tive of moisture that it is impossible
to render it absolutely dry except by
special and artificial means. It is not
difficult to understand, therefore. why
a soil, deficient in humus, is seldom
productive, however well it may be
supplied with the needed element, of
There are a number of othe-r added
benefits which a sufficient supply of
humus confers upon a soil. such as its
more complete aeration and the (on-
sequent greater production of carbonic
acid. The added stimulus which it
somehow gives to the nitrogen assimi-
lating bacteria of legumes and the more
fimpil rwevywent of all root growth.
these and other advantages that might
be named, certainly give to dead and
decaying vegetable matter an impor-
tance as a necessary soil constituent,
which it is.hardly possible to over-esti-
It Is therefore not merely as a nitro-
gen producer but as a humus producer
that the velvet bean takes rank so
far above any'known legume;of course
with all these advantages there are
some drawbacks. If planted in an or-
anie iasVs Man isift im m vu nwmulu
and vagrant manner of growth, it will
*climb over everything, trees included.
This tendency must, of course, be re-
pressed. The writer has seen orange
trees greatly injured, in fact almost
strangled, by this merciless exponent
of this "strenuous" type of vegetable
life. A little attention at the right
time will remedy this.
Then too, it is important not to make
the mistake of supposing that the
velvet bean is a complete fertilizer. It
Is nothing of the kind. An orange
grove fed only on velvet' beans will
soon starve the grave and Its owner
both. Not less than 000 pounds of su-
perphoaphate and from 100 to 150
pounds of sulphate of potash should be
given to every acre of grove in which
this soil renovator is expected to do its
To obtain the best results the inm-
mense mass of vegetable matter which
the velvet bean produces should be al-
Slowed to become dead and withered
and somewhat dried before it is plowed
under. The danger of deleterious acid
fermentation being set up is a very
Rightly managed, however, I consid-
er the velvet bean one of the most im-
portant soil renovators and soil im-
provers that has ever been introduced
into Florida. Norman Robinson.
Southern Pines, N. C.
borghum the Bekt mirage in Florida.
For several weeks I had been feed-
ing sorghum to my cows. then I chang-
ed of to sweet corn, now I have re-
turned to sorghum. I have never tried
teosinate for milch cows, but I have
tried corn, Kaffir corn, cowpeas, sweet
corn, sorghum and millet and I have
never found the equal of sorghum. -My
hired people noticed the falling off in
milk on the sweet corn; it was a drop
of 5 to 10 percent.
I sow sorghum from the 1st of April
to the 15th of August, and from two
pecks to six pecks per acre. The later
in the season the less seed should be
sown. If sown any time before the
1st of June, with an ordinary season,
it will make two crops of good feed.
Sorghum may be mowed the same as
wheat or oats.
I cut sorghum for my cows with a
hoe, chopping out the largest stalks and
in places the whole width of the hoe
or more, for I sow it very thick, In
drills, when it is intended for my cows.
This gives a succession three or four
times,as the cut stalks soon rattoon and
make a rapid growth so affording alter-
nate cuts along the row. We run it
through a Ross teed cutter that cost
me $15, culling It into lengths of one-
half Inch and this is mixed with the
meal, bran and cotton seed meal, taking
the place of a sufficient percentage of
these to make a saving in my feed bill
of $18 or $20 a month.
For dry feed I cut with a scythe and
rake with a sully rake. It must lie on
the ground and dry a long while, for its
high percentage of sweetness makes it
easy to mold. When raked it is put in-
to small stacks In the field and topped
out with some crabgrass hay to shed
the rain. It is hauled from the stacks
two or three loads at a time in winter
and fed as wanted. I stack it in the
field as it is almost impossible to keep
it from molding in the barn. It is nec-
essary to use a hay knife to feed from
the racks or mangers, except in wet
weather. Sorghum is the best feed for
all kinds of stock that I have ever
tried. You can always get a crop; I
heive never had a failure.-J. C. D., in
Farmer and Fruit Grower.
Editor Florida Agriclturist:
1 am continually getting letters from
parties saying that there is something
the matter with their cows. but they
do not know what the trouble is and
ask me if I think it is salt sick.
Now when a cow refuses to eat, but
shows no indication of being in any
pain or having any fever it is a pretty
sure sign she has salt sick: her drop-
pings will be hard and small, hut in
armer Born for Faring. course of rime neroowels will become
very loose, her discharge will be wa-
A great deal is being made in these terry and before she dies she will pass
days of the isolation of the farmer; and some blood. They nearly always act
Aht fijig WU1tSS IV Hi[fll'M1 I il ! i !!1i"LUl !!j-V wanted fo Pai lut It
part of the failures in farming. But matters not what you give them, they
this view is not sustained by the facts. will not eat any, or but very little, but
Many a farmer whoes heart is in his will pick up bits of old paper or rags
Many a farmer whodies very much alone, and chew them. Young animals, year-
farm lives and dies very mu lings are much more liable to it than
so far as companionship in congenial old animals.
pursuits is concerned, yet with an en- Before I adopted my present treat-
viable degree of success and content- ment I lost several fine Jersey heifers.
edness. but never one that was over two years
(The true farmer, like the true poet, old. Under my present treatment I
is born, not made; and a mere tiller have lost none.
of the soil Dmay go to all the institutes I nili3 Ihai f a4 a wF rs 2 l-g_
ir ti UZ I Lh; 1 i &ak ?WF- ion it) mu whox nia-t-c KMna ujt-Zot-y
tory and all the experiences he will cows. When they come in fresh, do
there hear, and go down to death a not put them on full feed for at least
blank failure. two weeks. Feed but little at first and
On the other hand, many a farmer increase the quantity slowly-but see
stays on his farm for the most part, they eat it up clean and ask for more.
experimenting with crops and getting This does not refer to hay. Let them
acquainted with his soils, and with the have all the hay or grass they will eat.
conditions that obtain in his locality, W. H. Mann.
and on his own farm especially, for the Manville. FIa.
crops grown there, contemplating live- *
stock breeding, taking the best papers A new short story by Robert Barr.
on the subject or reading after the best entitled "The Wizard of Wall Street,"
authors and thus getting in touch with in Everybody's Magazjne for Novem-
the latest thought in his pre teigB, her. ha. never been exceeded in its
and be the best equipped man In uia quality of interest by anything from
neighborhood on all farm points, and the pen of that popular writer. In
able to give pointers to the most not- its conception of certain Wall street
able professor of them all. types, it is peculiarly true to life.
For the man of small opportunities "Kuang Hsu, Emperor of China," is
the farmers' institutes are desirable; the title of an illustrated article which
from them he may gain much that he deals with the personal side "of that
in their absence would seriously lack. almost unknown personality, and
The basis, however, of true success in which clearly explains the underlying
farming, as in every other profession, causes of the Emperor's leaning to-
is that each individual engaged shall wards Western civilization and of his
form his own ideas and work out his evident desire to adopt measures of
own salvation with courage and with sweeping reform in his Empire. A
that conviction which comes from ex- story on tramp life. entitled "A Dead
perience and experiments. the philosophy of this creature of the
It is told of Peter Cooper that he One." is remarkably impressive, while
wasted two small fortunes in business Under World is most entertaining. The
from taking too much advice. Finally hardships and dangers to which fish-
he went to a friend to beg a loan ermen off "The Banks" are constantly
wherewith to increase and, if possible, exposed are vividly described by Cap-
resurrect his failing venture. tain H. D. Smith, of the U. S. Revenue
"I honor you too much, young man," Cutter Service, in an article fittingly
said his wise old friend, "to make you entitled "When Death Rides on the
this loan. Take what you have; begin VWate'rs. "A Tale of the Gridiron
where you know; work up from that Field" is a lively story of seasonable
to where you have learned, and you interest and, like all the other sixteen
will find prosperity awaiting you. You stories and articles in this month's is-
will make mistakes, of course, but they sue. it more than well repays the read-
will often be your best friends." er for his ten-cent investment.
Peter Cooper took the sage's advice *
and ever afterward was Peter Cooper. California's Big Trees.
'And yet it must be remembered that The department of agriculture has is-
Peter Cooper, standing alone, and not sued a report on investigation of the
cultivating his talents in the hundred big trees of California that brings out
and one ways in which every up-to- some interesting and new conclusions.
date man has to cultivate them, would It shows that the dimensions of the
never have become the Peter Cooper big trees are unequaled; that their age
that we of this country all know that makes them the oldest living things.
he did become. He incorporated into They are described as being the "best
his intellectual and moral force every, living representatives of a former ge-
thing within reach that could be made logical age." Continuing the report
into an integral part of that force. He says:
did that all his life through regarding o sa
the problems that were before him "The only grove now thoroughly safe
and that were his own unavoidable from destruction is the Mariposa, and
problems. this is far from being the most inter-
This is how it must be, this is how testing. The rest of the scanty patches
it naturally will be. with the man of big trees are in a fair way to disap-
born to be a farmer. To such a man pear. In brief, the majority of the big
nothing calculated to be helpful* will trees of California, certainly the best
come amiss; and he will be on the of them, are owned by people who
lookout and constantly searching for have every right and in many cases,
things likely to be helpful to him, so every intention, to cut them into lum-
constantly reading the best papers and ber."
books of a sort promising good on this The most recent investigations, ac-
account; learning, as opportunity of- cording to the report, confirm the esti-
fers, of successful methods from tel- mates that these giant trees probably
low-farmers; going to fairs; seeing re- live 5,000 years or more, though few
suits and tracing effects back to their of even the larger trees are more than
causes, half that old. The average rate of
The man who is naturally fitted for growth is estimated at one inch of lum-
any work never finds It tiresome to be ber for every twelve years.
at it and prosecuting it in every one of a
its minutest details and ramifications. Just look at the different premiums
-Home and Farm. we offer for new subscribers.
The Mother of Consumption.
How tht Dread DIsease May be PreveNted ad
Curd--Thsaeteat sol fSpelastsWrl
a the Sublect.
Catarrh is te mother of consumption.
By tis I do not man tat every emse.j cEatr d
velopes into conminptlon, bt
do mean that ctarrh when n-
L checked, and when given the
proper opportunities for exten.
deeper and dee rl- -
ln aomi ptloaa n, th the
latarrh seldom doye any
csiduerbna of She muo
atn on gestonuo bes and an
er o te Instancetartsthh
ademdlaanoLn, becaUefLme ex
The tthcOattoerl ofcathlal twbe thaontheoblted
soomthpuold eannt e cund. New lun moanmno
be madeforaman any more than new Sners ra
newnoefh but ecaith can be ured In all tsstael
except tis final and always fatal one.
A CBRTAN CURB.
cal and n mat u. Th meth employ
s tone exhln dl my owinand he remedleswhich
uafre apred under m personal direction In my
ny n asold in the ead. This cold a
tage. eamte at and becun casee of tbhtseart
VNK''fON H And becomesc i.
tever day. S tot, a the procea tof decay has Bo*
perfect ad on a gan.
utrmO aonne ore m ea n or moseio
nw better tan e t monrethn ner ion.oe a
I ll make the net month a recall low ee
In a exprinc of twnty yea drilling wich
tfor thae treatment u oand o trr not c cat
other odltb. mnno extra charge oe alley
licnea, etc. that may required.
d. NUWTON HATHAWAY, M. 0.
Dal r.Hathaw a aCo.
wBran Street, ma anm
XKEMxO R TH E PAPSONER wBRITGO.
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or.
n ,o Iange and tritollata.
ypy 'o % Enormous collection
It 'g and stock of other
forthea tt o trees, Economio
Imin Iant et, Bamboos
Dr IPalms Ferns Conl-
U Bryan 1 r ers and Miscellane-
0g im ous ornamentals. 17
w eja ga year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegant
Mr. M. L. Gillett, of Tampa, who is
one of the old time orange growers of
Marion county, writes us as follows:-
"My nurseries are in the southern part
of Marion county and there has never
been any white fy in that locality. I
am one of the oldest and largest exclu-
sive citrus nurserymen, having been
in the business continuously for over
twenty years. I shipped over two
million budded trees to California and
am doing an extensive business in Cu-
ba, Jamacia, Porto Rico and Mexico."
Mr. Gillett is well known to all the
old orange growers of the state and the
fact that he has such a large foreign
trade speaks well for his ability and
management of the nursery business.
Orders trusted to him will receive
prompt and careful attention.
TO THE AFFLICTED.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer and piles without the use
of the knife. A cure is guaranteed in
every case taken and no money is re-
quilted until a cure is complete. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. W
the particular kind of fig grown in reason you will not be able to appre-
Asia Minor. date fully the fine, delicate flavor of
hrprt n .d tha* tlh a fully matured fruit- You will also
spring -before his departure had been notice the thiniiue raid dfieiay o th
an abnormal one, and that an untimely skin and the size of the seeds as com-
fret had totally destroyed the crop of pared with the ordinary varieties of
Capr figs and the insects with them. figs.
As there was no hope of a crop of figs "Without question the Smyrna fig
without the insect, a fleet of boats was stands in the lead above all other figs
dispatched to the Grecian Archipelago for the richness of its pulp and exquis-
and brought back whole cargoes of ite flavor.
Capri figs, with which to fertilize the "In the same box I also send you a
trees. Bulletin Smyrna fig, which is undoubt-
It ti an Interesting fact that the bias. edly the same thing as my Smyrna,
tophaga was known and the process of also a Black Smyrna Bulletin fig,
capriflcation of figs practiced as long which, I must confess, is a surprise to
ago as the time of Alexande the Great. me. In my collection, in addition to
That old Greek botanist and writer on the genuine Smyrna fig, I have also six
fruit growing. Theophrastus, who other varieties, one of which is a black
wrote about the year 340, B. C., men- fig, but it is somewhat different from
tions at page 31 of a late Paris edition The Bulletin Black Smyrna.
*of his works, the Insect under the "Will you please show these figs to
name of Peen in the Greek and Psene Dr. Behr?
in Latin. He was under the impres- "The drying of the Smyrna figs has
sion that the male, being without already commenced and will oontnuo
wings, was a different species from the rapidly from now on if the weather be-
female. He calls the winged form comes warmer.
Knipes in Greek, evidently the source "The insect is propagating, and the
of our word "eyneps," which is now three generations of blastophaga have
used by some writers to designate the already made their appearance.
race or insects to which the wasp be- "Kindly let me hear from you as to
longs. Capriflcatlon he describes un- the condition in which the figs arrive
der the name of erenasmos, and mem- and give me your opinion of them, and
tions that when the bad weather de- oblige, yours truly, Geo. C. Roeding."
stroyed all the figs containing insects, The Bulletin black Smyrna is not
the growers sent boats to the islands really black, however, being rather of
for supplies. Thus the practice men- a dark, reddish brown color, similar to
thned by Mr. Bmithern of osedil r the color of the well-known brown
the Islands of the Grecian Archipelago turkey. Its flesh is dark red, like
for Capri figs was customary more that of the white Adriatic, and, al-
2200 years ago. though a good fig, it is not so sweet
Efforts to Introduce the Blastophaga. as the white Smyrna, and probably not
-Dr. Gustat IElen, of the California a good drying fig. The shape of the
Academy of Bciences, made a careful Smyrna is round, rather short, and con-
study or the dg question and was proo- alderably flattened at the apex, necK
ably the first person In this state to rather short, ribs quite pronounced,
insist that Smyrna figs could not be and eye at maturity more open than In
grown until the insect was obtained. most varieties. In color the white
As a striking evidence in support of Smyrna is a lemon-yellow tinged with
his view it may be mentioned that one green. Its akin 1 very delicate, and
day Dr. BElen and B. W. Maslin, while inclined to crack when over-ripe. The
making investigations in the hinn flesh is transparent amber, and the
nursery at Niles, found among the seeds are large and filled with ker-
dried Capri figs from a tree of The nels, unlike our ordinary fig-seeds,
Bulletin importation, some that con- which are mere empty shells.
trained an abundance of pollen which Exceedingly interesting in this con-
could be shaken out into the hand. By nection is certain information con-
means of toothpicks, they forced some tained in an article from the Fresno
of the le dust nto the eyes of a Republican of June 16, from which the
number of Smyrna gs and marked following extract is made. It describes
every fig so treated by tying a tape to the operations at Mr. Roeding's or-
the stem. It was found afterwards chard, and gives Important facts ascer-
that every one of these fig came to tained there by Professor Schwars, of
perfection, and that they were the only the United States Agricultural Depart-
oes on all the many trees that reached ment.
maturity. "Ever since last March Professor
Efforts were at once made to import Schwarz, the government entomologist,
the insect. Under instructions from the who was sent out from Washington to
late James Shinn, a missionary of his superintend the interesting experiment,
acqauaintace In the Ajdlt ditrict oaent hsa been watching tbe aueeeive gen-
fgs containing the blastophaga by erations of blastophagas develop and
mall, and in some instances live Insects transmit themselves through the recur-
arrived, but the Capri. figs were either ring crops of Capri figs. Only a few
too old or too young to sustain them. hundred of the surviving figs of the
It remained for George C. Roeding, winter crop were found to be populated
of Freno, to achieve, in the premises, with the wasps, but these supplied
the initial American success. Last many more of the next crop, and of the
season, according to arrangements critical June crop there are now fully
made by him, he received a succession twelve thousand figs, each containing
of shipments of Capri figs by mall upwards of three hundred insects, so
from 8myrna. eaeh bath carefully that there is now available a flock of
wrapped in tin foll, and fortunately around four million of these useful
one consignment reached him when his domestic animals-quite enough to em-
aprl figs were in the proper condition ploy them on a commercial scale.
and the insect was established. Mr. "For the past three days Professor
Roeding desrv the success he has Schwarz has been engaged with a
attained. It is not many years since number of workmen in selecting the
he went to the expense of sending a insect bearing figs and distributing
special agent to Asia Minor for the them through the trees of the Smyrna
purpose of obtaining the best varieties orchard. The figs are gathered and ex-
of Ags grown in that country. amined-it takes some knack to tell
Samples of the 1900 Crop.-A few which figs contain insects, and it is
days ago Mr. Roeding sent to the office useless to cut them open to see, as the
of The Bulletin samples of his fresh insects, in escaping, will carry no pol-
Smyrna fgs produced by caprlfication. len with them. The selected ones are
The fig were tested by a doen dif- then sewed to the ends of fibers of
ferent people, all of whom agreed that raffia and strung on bamboo poles, for
they were the mot delicious fresh figs convenient carrying. They are then
they had ever tasted. distributed through the orchard, being
Capri figs conltaning the wasp will hung in sheltered places among the
undoubtedly be obtainable next fall, as branches of the Smyrna trees. About
the Insect has been established also at ten figs are used to the average tree,
places other than Fresno, notably the but as many as twenty are used on
John Bock nursery at Niles. some of the larger ones. There will
Accompanying the specimens of fruit be Capri figs enough, this year, to
was the following letter from Mr. fructifying about 1200 of the 4000 trees
Boeding; contained in the twenty-six acres of
"Fresno, Cal., August 156, 1900.-G. P. orchard, and it is confidently expected
flxford, Esq., San Francisco, Cal.,; that the result will be a good commer-
Dear Sir-Per express to-day I sent cial crop in this portion of the orchard,
you samples of Smyrna figs. They are of figs whose market.value is several
not as ripe as I would like and for this hundred per cent higher than that of
A PROMINENT LADY
Spwakl in Highl TtirmM of
Peruna as a Catarrh Cure.
Mrs. M. A. Theatre, member Rebecca
Aodge, lola Lodge; also member of
Woman's.Relief Corps, writes the fol-
lowing letter from 188 Jackoa state
the ordinary white Adriatic of the lo-
cal market. If this crop is successfully
raised. it will be the beginning of an in-
austry wilehf wll i ifiIlnl6iiii r
Fresno county and the other fig-grow.
Ing districts of the state.
"A number of interesting observa-
tions have been made during the course
of the experiments. There are three
varieties of Capri figs planted in the
orchard, known, for lack of better
names, as 'Capri No. 1. 'No. 2,' and
'No. 3.' It appears that at least two of
these varieties are essential to the
preservation of the successive genera-
tions. Variety No. 1 seems to be best
adapted to the winter crop, while No.
2 is essential for carrying over the
later summer generation. No. 3 Is
particularly prolific in the June crop,
which is the fertilizing one.
"The wasps emerge from the figs
during the early morning and late af-
ternoon, about ten emerging from each
fig each day until all are out. The total
active life of the flying wasp outside of
the fig is not over six minutes, and its
range of flight probably less than 10
yards, so it is necessary for it to attend
strictly to business. It flies to a fig
and firet erawIl all around It, examn-
ing it carefully. It it is not satisfac-
tory it flies to another, and, when suit-
ed, makes for the ostiolum or opening
and gnaws a tiny piece from one of the
three scales which close the mouth of
the fig. It then crawls under it, usu-
ally losing one or both wings in the
process, which are left as tiny rrmaes-
cent spots to mark the point of en-
trance. If the new fig is a Capri fig,
so much the better for the insect, but if
it is a Smyrna fig, so much the better
for the orchard grower.
"Probably not one in ten of the in.
sects liberated In a Smyrna tree com-
pletes its work of fertilization. It may
fail to find a fig, during its short lease
of life, or it may enter a fig which has
not yet reached or has already passed
the stage of receptivity.
"When the June crop of Capri figs
is ripe there is at the same time, on
the same tree, a small crop of young
figs ready to receive or already con-
taining blastophaga and another crop,
just budding In the axils of the leaves,
which will be ready to receive the in-
sects from these fge and carry the
generation further. The Capri fik
nursery thus takes care of itself, and
the chief care, once an orchard is es-
tablished, is the transference of the in-
sects to the Smyrna fgs every June.
"Wonderful as this novel use of an
insect smaller than a gnat to do man's
work appears, there is really nothing
unique about it except the necessity
of human aid. Most insects, like most
bacteria, are useful, and most flowers
are fertilized by lthata, VYtry many of
them by only one species of insect. A
crop of clover seed is no more possible
without bumble bees than a crop of
Smyrna figs without blastophagas. The
difference is that the bumble bees take
care of themselves and look out for
their own work, while the blastophaga
requires human care and aid."
The Velvet Bean.
Very much has been said and written
in favor of this comparatively new le-
gume; some o the o claims made for it
are extravagant, and others absurd;
but making all the deductions for the
ill advised exaggerations, there still
remains a substantial balance of good
qualities to its credit.
The one great. merit of the velvet
bean in which it distances all competi-
tion is the enormous amount of vine
growth which it is capable of making
in a single season. I am not aware
that any direct and positive experi-
ments have ever been made to test its
comparative productiveness. As the
result, however, of several years' obser-
vation of the growth of the velvet
bean, side by side with the cowpeas,
I should say, that it is a very conserv-
ative estimate to assume that the form-
er will make twice the weight of vines
which the most vigorous variety of
the latter can produce. This is such a
direct and positive advantage as to
place the former in a distinct class by
As might be anticipated, the velvet
bean, like other members of the same
family, is exceedingly valuable as a
gatherer of atmospheric nitrogen. If
- i. *
M. A. TheatroMiannsaeposM
Prona Medicine Co, Colombus, 0.
Gentlemea -:-As a remedy for eatarrh
I can cheerfully recommend Peruna. I
have been troubled with chronic atarrh
for over six years. I had tried several
remedieswitKontreeof. A lodgefriend
advised meto try Perunaluad I began to
use it faithfully before each meal. Sines
then I hae always kept it In thehausa
I am now in better health than I have
been in over twenty years, and I fod
sure my catarrh Is permanently cured."
Perana cures catarrh wherever looat
ed. As soon as Peruna removes sye.
temie catarrh the digestion becomes
good, nerves strong, and trouble van,
dishes. Perunastrengthena weak nerves,
not by temporarily stimulating them,
but by removing the case of weak
nerves--sytemic catarrh. This ia the
only core that lasts. Remove the cause)
nature will do the rest. Peruna removes
the cause. Addrss The PeWMm MAM
dee CoMpm C.akl, OhU h Ir
book twtlg of euta In its dbmra
eot phmses and staogs, al a ohea
ettMnd "Hfealth and Buty," wrllAe
pOcally tfor women
it had nothing else to recommend it,
this property, coupled with its
enormous productivenees, would com-
mend It to the attention of farmers
and fruit growers. But this is not the
only thing, probably not the most Im-
portant thing for which the velvet bean
is valuable. All progressive agricultur-
ists are aware In a general way, that
humus is a valuable soil constituent.
The vital importance of this Ingredi.
ent to successful plant growth is. how-
ever, not always understood. A 'few
words concerning the various offices
which humus fulfills in the economy
of plant growth may render its Import-
ance more clear.
With the aid of appropriate fertili-
zers in a liquid form, it is possible to
grow many plants on pure sand. The
experiment is always a difficult one
and requires constant watchfulness,
experience and skill. All food Is taken
up by plants in solution; water must'
be continually present. The process of
plant life permits no interruption. An-
imals eat and drink at intervals; grow-
ing vegetables eat and drink all the
time. A few hours, in some a few mo-
ments of absolute cessation of this pro-
cess of root absorption would be fatal.
Indeed the number of plants that with-
out grave disaster can endure for an
hour to have thel: roots wrtfeetly dry,
is comparatively limited. Now nature
has provided for exactly this contin-
gency; even pure sand will retain mole.
lure for a limited p4rlod. If it is mixed
with clay and oxide of Iron, its power
Of keeping moist is greatly Increased.
But the one thing which above all
others tends to prevent the drying out
" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 637
hn Jaorept aurlery.
During the last twelve years the U.
8. Department of Agriculture has re-
ceived from the farmers and land own-
ers a very large number of letters ask-
ing how to procure tree seeds and how
to raise seedlings.
For the purpose of supplying the de-
sired information to farmers and all
others interested in tree planting, the
Department has prepared, and has now
in press, Bulletin No. 21, Division of
Forestry, entitled "The Forest Nurs-
ery: Collection of Tree Seeds and Prop-
agation of Seedlings." The bulletin was
prepared by Geo. B. Sudwortn, Den-
drologist of the Division of Forestry,
and in endeavoring to give this infor-
mation one point has been kept prom-
inently-in view-to lead the propagator
to plant material which will succeed
best under Inexperienced management.
The number of plifto, tit "4 gffW 8
the allotted space of seed bed and nurs-
ery has, therefore, been sacrificed to
what is believed to be a more ipuort-
ant consideration-the production of
The treatment of the various subjects
considered is based upon a long experi-
ence in collecting and storing large
quantities of tree seeds and their prop
agation, upon a careful study of the
SRMSa, SOf NiEBB3EiUI uHrHEtirnei
and an extensive study of tree seed-
lings in the wild state.
The farmer or landowner who con-
templates planting forest trees must
provide his stock either by raising it
or buying It. To the average farmer
the coat of this material, however
small, is likely to be an Important con-
sideration, and it is always desirable,
and often indispensable, to reduce the
cost of forest planting as much as pos-
sible; therefore the farmer should col-
lect seeds and raise seedlings himself.
The bulletin gives the regions of seed
supply, a list of market prices for tree
seeds, names the seeds desirable to col-
lect, when and how to collect them, the
manner of storing and the means used
for testing their vitality.
^ eRFatti-on, of treo -?oode ian im-
iiar to that of garden acuda and tireir
is practically no difference in the care
and soil necessary for the best results
from either class of seeds. Given a
moderately rich, gravelly, or sandy,
porous moist soil, within the proper
range of temperature, any tree can be
propagated from the seed and maue to
live for a longer or shorter time.
Natural seeding is too often uncer-
tain, because the necessary conditions
for germination are perfect only 'by
chance, and where the farmer's pur-
pose is to produce useful timber with-
out loss of time natural seeding is not
to be depended upon. Direct planting
of sufficiently advanced nursery stock
has the advantage over natural seed-
ing of establishing more quickly and
with greater certainty only such tim-
ber trees as are wanted.
The bulletin shows that planting tree
seed with cultivated crops, r sowing
broadcast on prepared and unprepared
land Is uncertain, giving less uniform
results than planting nurserv-.rown
seedlings; that seed-bed culture re-
quires the least labor and produces the
most and best stock; that the seed bed
should be located on a well-drained
site, and that a deep, sandy loam soil
Propagating trees from cuttings.
wintering and transplanting needling,
care of nursery stock, and use of wild
seedlings, are other matters which re-
The bulletin will contain a list of use-
ful timber trees to plant, and will be
illustrated with 5 plates and 11 text
The Florida Orange.
A piece of news in a small way that
will be deeply appreciated is the an-
nouncement that Florida will have an
orange crop of 1,000,000 b6xes this
year, the largest yield since the great
freeze. One million boxes is not much
in comparison with the 1894 crop of
between 5,000,000 and 6,000,000, the
last big yield, but it is about four
tiles as large as the production of
1899 The 1901 yield, it is estimated,
will reach l.Jfl,,000 boxes. From thin
it may be seen that the Florida groves
are being raplly, restored. In a few
years the output will be larger than
it ever was before, and the delicious
fruit will once more abound in the
The Florida orange is the queen of
fruits. Ponce de Leon searched the
peninsula over for the fabled Fountain
of Youth without success, but a wiser
man would have been content with
the first orange grove. The tropics
produce nothing else so delicate, so se-
ductive to the nostrils and so ravish-
ing to the taste. It provokes the ap-
petite. but while it satisfies it never
cloys. If Titania had ever tasted of
a perfect Florida orange, she would
have added it to the ethereal bill of
fare she exhorted her fairies to pro-
vide for Bottom:
"Hop in his walks and gambol in his
Feed him with apricots and dew-
With purple grapes, green figs and
The honeybags steal from the bumble
All the graps and figs and dewber-
ries that were ever grown are not
equal to one perfect orange with Its
golden rind packed full of the sweet-
ness and exquisite flavor of the trop-
1o-,,_ C-)FRr juioe waa at least one of
the Ingredients iu th~ ambrosia that
was passed around by Hebe to the
gods and goddesses on Mount Olym-
pus. if, indeed, the whole cup was not
squeezed bodily out of the yellow
Another thing that makes the Flor-
ida orange so welcome is that it come
to the North in the holiday season,
reaching this 'city about Thanksgiving
Day and being most perfect just at
Christmas time. The oranges of Cal-
ifornia. which, though good. are infer-
ior to the Florida product. come on
the market somewhat later, but they
last longer and are welcome substi-
stutes for the more delicious fruit of
May the Floridian groves wax in
Big gnf p *oI'.o*tivenona until not one
million ilbut teny tv fifty aie=s#
boxes be annually harvested and until
every child has at Christmas at least
one of these gorgeous globes of sweet-
Where Ashalt Comes From.
A large proportion of the material
from which modern asphalt pavement
is made comes from Pitch Lake. Trin-
idad. the large island which lies to
the north of South America. near the
mouth of the Orinoco. Pitch Lake is
about six miles from Port of Spain,
the seat of the island's government.
It is about three-quarters of a mile
across, and its surface not more than
eighty feet above the level of the sea.
Its contents are in part water and in
part asphalt. At the shore the asphalt
is perfectly hard and cool. and a per-
son may sometimes walk with safety
upon its surface to a considerable dis-
tance from its edge. Toward the cen-
ter it herromen mjllh *oftor, however-
and In the middle is entirely liquid
and apparently in boiling condition.
The fumes from the heated asphalt
are very oppressive, smelling strongly
of bitumen and sulphur. In the rainy
season, the curious may travel over
nearly the entire surface of the lake.
but in hot weather thin in not go, The
inhabitants of Trinidad use the pitch
more for rocking than for pavements.
-New York Sun.
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deaness and
nolses in the head by Dr. Nicholaan's
Artificial Ear Druma, gave iW to hi
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Bar Drums may have them
free. Address Ilc. The lbcholmon In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New Tork.
Gave Entire Satisfaotion.
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Y1UrS very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Farmers' Attention I
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in (hve and Farm Iimenmoaet ad 8napple
Poultry Netting 2WX' C.rb Clumhli BIcycId
CHAUTrR OAK STOEZs,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, 2OIIBRE AND FEP8
WRITE PR PICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
Corn, Hay, Oats,
And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.
Oats, 125 pound White Clipped -
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, -
Corn, II pound Mixed, -
Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks
Hay, Number I, -
All F.O. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co,#
Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
SEED kvJasv, Pla.
THE LARGBST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion 8eede
ana sets, Matchles Tomato, Valentine and Reftee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange
and grape fruit trees a specialty....
Summer and fall catalogue free upon
THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
$4.00 for $2.00!?
Seed you must have to make a garden, and the AORICULTUIrT you should have to be a
sucessful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new ubriber
and Z8 and wc will wind yon the fUlewianI list f ehoie Guaden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ........ ....... .10
New Stringless Green
Dwarf German Black
W ax................ .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma. ................ 10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
S Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............ .5
Early Summer......... .5
Griffing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching ... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
." Long Green Turkish.. .. .5
Egg Plant, Griffng's Improved
Lettuce, Big Boston.. ........ .5
Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .10
Grifling's White Wax.. .. .10
Peas, Alaska:. .......... .....10
Champion of England.... .10
PepPers, Long Cayenne...... .. ..
Ruby King.. ........ .5
Radishes, Wonderful .......... .5
Griffng's Early Scar-
let.. .............. .. .5
Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
Tomatoes, Beauty........ .... .
Money Maker.. ........ .5
Turnips, Grifing's Golden Ball.... .5
Pomeranian White Globe
Ru . B Bloom. ..ee .... .
Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, ila.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
iinPiMa M SARMIJBMNT.
All mmunications or inquiries for this de-
partmet *shes be addre-ed to
Fertiller Dept. Jacksonvlle, Fla
Prices Still Advancing.
As predicted in this department, the
first of the month, prices on all am-
moniates have advanced and are still
going Up. Bright cotton eea has al-
vanced $1.50 per ton and but little
in sight. It is believed by those close
to the bumlaess that cotton seed meal
will advance to $30 per ton retail be-
fore the season Is over. Some cotton
mills that had oversold are now pay-
ing $1800 per ton for seed to fill con-
tracts. The blood and bone and tank-
age market has also advanced strong-
1yr Thla I! It or unusual cqulrreplic
to take place in the tall as it is a time
of the year when there is the least
demand and the large slaughter
houses are anxious to dispose of their
stock, yet they claim the demand is
equal to the supply and many have
sold their output for the season. This
ll goes to forecast what prices will
be next spring when the heavy de-
mand comes on. Nitrate soda has al-
ready felt the shortage of other am-
moniates and has advanced $1 per
Editor Pertfaier DepMartmet:
Will you please tell me what dis-
solved bone black is and how it differs
from dissolved bone?, R. C.
In sugar refineries large quantities
of bone charcoal is used for purifying
sugar. When it becomes "foul" it is
reburnt and used again. This process
Is QeD ted until thle DOe cOnareorM
loses its altering powers; then it is
known as spent black. This spent
black is dissolved with sulphuric acid
and is then known as dissolved bone
black. The bone used for making
the charcoal Is 'the very best grade of
bones, consequently furnishing one of
Lne est wre-es or pnaporm asiVa(:
The burning liberates the ammonia
in the bone but does not destroy the
phosphoric acid. In fact no amount of
burning could. The analysis runs
from 14 to 19 per cent available phos-
phoric acid. Dissolved bone is simply
the raw or dried bone dissolved with
sulphuric acid. It can always be told
by the strong smell which will per-
vade the surrounding atmosphere and
cling to anything it touches. Fertil-
isers that contain dissolved bone as a
.onrceu qf plant food are objectionable
.n -that account. To those who be-
lieve that the strength of a fertilizer
depends ean its ability to produce un-
pleasant odors this objection would
be a drawing card. Owing to the
fact that anything and everything in
the way of bone waste from slaughter
houses or butcher shops can and is
worked into dissolved bone, its quality
varies from 1 to 2%y per cent ammonia
and fr 9 12 Per cent of available
Seat U ed stable Mandre.
dUwr krs AefgrNmVriW:
The qqgstion of how to make the
best use of stable manure ought to be
of great interest li Florida, for sev-
eral. emau The climate is such that
the inevitable chemical changes are
rapid, the beat being great and con-
stant, and in summer the rainfall very
large. It is often very desirable to
have a supply of rotted manure for the
fall garden, but whenever possible, in
order to avoid.the inevitable loss and
extra labor, it should le spread at once Sometimes a material may furnish W asf Wefll as Ma
from the stable. The fact is that no one or even two of the essential ingre- W We
way has been found to altogether Dre- dients but if all three are not present de Migerfl by
vent the escape of nitrogen from the the mixture may be regarded as in- A M ua rW
manure pile. The most)effective way complete, and what the plant fails to K e T u .
I have seen was where cows and find in the fertilizer, it must look for KMu y Tr o .
horses were kept, and a supply of dry In the soil, with the result that if the
muck kept on hand. The troughs be- soil does not contain it the crop has Kdney trole preys upon the mind, dl
hind the cows were partly flled with to suffer accordingly. On the other ora ge andl ~sa mMton: beauty, vior
the muck and when the stables were hand if the ingredient which is miss- and chelerfulsi meoo
cleaned all, from the cows and horses, ing in the fertilizer 8s present in the diMsppear whether kid-
went into a roomy pen under the same the soil. It will gradually become ex- ne~y ar aot of ard
ino where the hogs and cows fed. In hausied through continued cropping, or& eamml.
such a place, the more sluggish cow and the yield naturally falls off in pro- Kidney troouM e
and hog manure checks the changes portion. became s pwmvl
so active in the horse droppings, and It is an established fact in fertill- -that isateamben
this slowing effect is assisted by the ing that one element of plant food for a hild to e birs
constant tramping. To make this plan cannot replace another. Each has its afsiteda it wek kd-
effective enough water should be add- special function to preform. To illus- R If tl.hl ld w-
ed to keep it moist at all times. Still trate: if there is enough phosphoric a t w tif th w s
such facilities are not in the Weach of acid and nitrogen in the soil to pro- I he ang whM it s be Abli t
many and this question of leaving a duce a 200 bushel crop of Irish pota- cotroi the pa% it It yt afillovm
pile to waste most of its value or of toes, and only enough potash to make b ll dpod up t a t. t o case of
spreading on the land as fast as a 100 bushel crop the yield would not tltr o kidney lroubleai.d the Gfrt
made. Is important to such. I am con- go above the latter figure. The ele- .Ta h teU lb tri st
rntau1 hLat tihe mauunn iFom a given mont1 presoFt in sIt smauiant paoP er- j"j I i i i 'm This unph-am
stock will go more than twice as far tion, is what regulates the extent of trouble I due to a disemed condition the
if hauled out at once. I don't think the yield. In other words, we meet, kidney and bladder and not to a hait a
many persons realize the loss from in feeding plants, the old maxim,- most people sppoe.
flies. What do they do? They eat it "A chain is not stronger than its Womn as well as me ae made ine-
up, and fly away with it. In fact the weakest link." erble with kidney and bladder t l
files leave very little for the elements From what has been said, it can be and both need the same reat rneI .
to waste, and here is the reason for the seen at once that it is both wise and 'Wl mild and the Iffato fIot of1
immediate removal of all manures economical to feed crops like animals. Sw-IltRe-O is soon wreB It tl sod
from about the buildings, for the fly No one would think of giving a hore by dugglrti, ti y-
nuisance is an Infliction of very large or cow a one-sided food and expect to cet am dollar
dimensions. Daily thorough cleaning get a full day's work from it. Every dsls. Yo Ive h
of the stalls, removal to roomy box hard-working animal must have pro- ample b0t by ma*
or yard, plenty of industrious hens, per food and plenty of it. f'ois, mi m"e' a
and a weekly removal to the field, an- As said before, the three ingredients Ig all sbot it, n in l mlett nm*che
thouman& of testimonial lt.,a reoetd
swer the question of what to do with to make up a complete food for plants from sd we In' Dr. v r er
the artici in moot can e. are phosphoric acid, nitrogen and pot- &dt, BDlr.ao N. Y, K me sa
I have handled up to a thousand ash. Manufacturers embody all three sl dyM
loads of manure in the year, and after in their mixtures, and the proportions
trying composting in piles, and haul- vary to suit the crops, some requiring
ing into the field all the time, winter more of one than another. U A E A D FO AI
and summer, using indeed, large The principal point to bear in mind SUUAK LAND FO SALE
amounts on the growing crops. If any is that one-sided fertilization seldom,
useful crops, any grass or even weeds if ever, pays in the long run. It is
are there, there is no loss, and here In much easier to keep up the fertility of A desirable tract of land, admirably
the Florida sand more of the fertlliz- soils by using what is needed annually adapted to cane or orange culture, 6
ing elements would be saved than by to meet the demands of the growing arpents front by 44 depth, a portion
any other way. The old system of crop, than to build up land which has o the old Nar sugar plntto it
BillB ant iwo om tEnNa Imnllige of 1s11ss un w 911 0110 1 1 22 3saat. tht Iwil bak st lI laf ws-ir
manure should be relegated to the George K. Wilson, Fruit-Grower's slp river about 0 miles below ew
rear, and nowhere are the reasons Journal.he place is well drained, It being
so strong as in Florida. You can use e cleared 16 arpents deep, and having on
it at all times on the surface of the di tor loriAgrfolturst: it about 2000 small orange trees and 8
fields or gardens, on ground to -be n nt ant mn fr
plowed, on growing crops, or on land The very great improvement in aren't plant cane A comfortable
idle for the time,and lose little or none your valuable paper I have noted wth dwelling house, a large barn and
of its elements; but pile it, compost it appreciative interest and find both the number of head of live stock completes
if you like and you will lose half or Fertilizer Departments and Answers to the equipment of the place.
more of its bulka and alone with it Correspondents Department very use- Should one desire to raise cane, a
a 5f g rita pf jit n- l 1o wmt, JALI To8 twrP ready market can te had for swam, as
a It E wo gqsieer fpropfratn o I vsl L. T. Clawson. a railway connects it Mth two large
ue. It would seem from what one sees Westerly, R. I., Sept. 17, 1900. central sugar factories. For terms ap-
that the Florida farmer thinks mighty ply to.
little of stable manure any way, and I MRS. J. Y. GILMOR1,
think the reason for this is that he -20 Poydras street, New Orleans.
leaves it lying about until it is worth A oV
about as much as old straw. Some
taken in the use of dry earth in clos-
ed to absorb all volatile elements so
the material could be used without of-
ets; the earth, of course, was intend-
years ago the greatest interest was
taken in the use of dry earth in clos- Get fat; get nice and plump;
ets; the earth, of course, was intended taf
to absorb all volatile elements so the there is safety in plumpness.
material could be used without of- Summer has tried your
renue, arftp trying anl using tnre
or four times, it was found a littib food-works; winter is coming
richer in nitrogen than after one use. to breat l.
In fact It is an Impracticable thing to to try your breath-mill. Fall
keep any manures having organic con- is the time to brace yourself. Te Taaet Fruit ltshcs.
stituents in a permanently stable con- PATENT'ED.
edition, so by all odds the best way for But weather is tricky; look
the farmer is to get it Into the soil out These machines will thoroughly
and into some form of growth, or at out Look out for colds espec- clean orange from the smut caused
least in contact with the soil. ially by the white fly or other insects. They
Wals, a noted German farmer and will also Improve the appearance of
writer, came to believe as a result of Scott's Emulsion of Cod even the cleanest fruit, giving it a
many experiments with the manure of Li r i i high polish. They can be used either
a certain number of cattle. uasin it n Lver Oil is the subtlest of dry or with water, and will not dam-
various ways, that the best results in helpj It is food, the easiest asthe fruit
bushels of grain, followed the fresh They have brushed over 10,000 ear-
manure, and he finally followed the food in the world; it is more laods of these fruits in California
practice of using all manures n t than food ithels ou digest where they are extenl ued
freshest condition. Bousinoalt saysit helPs you digest Circulars on application.
in cold climates, where the plant has your food, andget morenutri- WRIGHTBROTHERS,
but a brief time to grow, it may be WverIlde lR
better to apply rotted manure, but in ment from it. m ,
warm countries it may be, h* believed, Don't get thin, there is
a better way to put it into the ground BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
quite fresh. D. R. Pllsbry. safety in plumpness. Man o to ode-
a woman and child. ro r S he an to keep
lll-Balanfed etilses. If you have not tried it, med for free ample
An Ill-balanced or incomplete fertili- Its agreeable taste will urrii.e ym. a CENTS PR POUND,
zer is one which does not supply all scO llL OW en ut In toe and afttee pound esa
three elements of plant food, phos- te0 Peari Street, Ch New YOCr. ena ent.Mtteer the po.
phoric acid, nitrogen and potash. Sc. and P.; a11 dagit E. 0. PAINTER & CO., JadpMu vll.
I I-~--.----1'-7-~i~~-~CI.~ ----- - U
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. eo
BY W. 0. 1'nEBLE,
A Propagating Bed.
The cut shown on this page was re-
ceived by mail from a friend with a
letter stating that he had seen it in
use and that it worked very satis-
We received no description of it and
for dimensions must use our "Yankee"
faculty of "guessing" what would be
likely to be most successful.
The sise of the water tank would
have to be, oTernedi fairt by the ite.
of the lamp used to heat It and second
by the space it could be allowed to oc-
The lamp pictured in the cut is evi-
dently an ordinary glass lamp. But for
such use we should p*efer one of the
little one burner oil stoves for sale in
all large towns at from 75 cents to
$1.25 It has a heavy metal base not
easily broken or overturned. Tie
chimney is also of metal and would
save the expense of constantly renew-
in the broken chimney where glass
is used.. The reservoir being larger
would not require refilling so often and
the wick being much wider would
give more beat than an ordinary
lamp, which might be a very great ad-
vantage in case of a sudden cold.snap.
The supports for the bed, as repre-
sented in tIe cut, are evidently com-
mon wooden stools, or chairs without
backs. An ordinary cheap homemade
bench would answer the same purpose
equally well and be less expensive. A
still better plan would be to have legs
permanently attached to the tank.
The water tank in ordinary cages
might be eighteen inches or two feet
wide by three or four feet in length
and six or eight inches in depth. It
would be better if made entirely from
galvanized iron but could be gotten
up much more cheaply by mak-
ing the side of good solid lumber
and only the bottom of galvanized
iron. In this case the joints at the
corners would 'have to be fitted very
carefully to make them water tight
and the bottom cut an inch larger on
all sides than the tank and then bent
up and nailed to the outside of the
Tie slanting partition in the tank
should be of iron and stiffened wth
wire around the edges and fitting
very closely into the tank. It should
be long enough to reach from the bot-
tom at one end, to within two or three
inches of the top at the other end. The
holes through partition are intended
to allow free circulation of the hot
water as shown by the curved lines in
the cut. They should be from two to
three inches in diameter and within
three or four inches of each end.
A tank two by four feet and eight
inches deep would hold between 30
and 35 gallons of water but should not
when in use be filled much over two-
tihif f all
The propagation bed proper should
fit closely on top of this so as to waste
no heat. If to be used for rooting cut-
tings put inthree or four inches of
clean sharp sand, putting the cuttings
directly into this sand. If you wish
to start seeds in such a bed put in only
one or two inches of sand and plant
your seed in small boxes of rich soil
that can be removed as soon as well
above the ground.
Such a bed might be made to take
the plaqe of a small green house by
making a frame over it of window
sash. In such a box the most tender
trs2RIS RIpe could h! wintorad in
the most open or our Fiorida homes
through the worst blizzard that ever
struck the state.
We can give no estimate of the cost
of such a bed but it would not be very
expensive even it all the labor had to
be hired, but in a large number of
cases much of the work could be done
* By the use of such a bed cuttings
could be easily started that under or-
dinary circumstances could not be
rooted at all. A good therlinmiete is
almost a necessity in using bottom
heat. The sand or soil must not be al-
lowed to become hot neither must
it be allowed to cool down too much.
The expense of keeping up the heat
would be very small. From five to
10 cents worth of oil a day would keep
it going in the coldest weather and
much less in all oridnary weather.
& Reese company catalogue
plant under the heading: "A new dec-
orative plant of gi'eat beauty and val-
ue." Now, that is giving the plant a
very flattering introduction and every
Word is true, and truth is not flattery.
It is certainly a plant that possesses
sterling qualities and deserves all the
praise the editor of this department
has turned upon it. What other plant
will bear neglect and ill-treatment
with as great impunity? Will thrive
under a coat of dust and not resent
its call for water being overlooked. It
will grow and thrive under adverse
circumstances and multiply by send-
ing up new shoots beautifully striped
and mottled with white on a dark
green ground. The beauty of its
markings and colorings defy an artist's
As a decorative plant for halls and
drawing-rooms it is unequaled.
It was the writer's pleasure to see
a large bed of this plant at Palm
Beach. The bed was a mass of bloom.
Plume-like spikes of a foot or more
in length, bearing creamy-white flow-
ers with recurved petals, deliciously
scented, filling the air witi their sweet
breath, bathed in a flood of silver rad-
iance; and the pen has not done Jus-
tide to that bed blooming in the moon-
In Florida it is a night blooming
plant. As a house plant treat it as
you would a fine Palm, and its beauty
will fill your heart with joy. Instead
of allowing it to wear an armor of
dust, spray or wash its foliage, allow
My ON PRO &I M S aeanO !LM p2 ,
water and fertilize it and its Ipaves
will grow three or four feet in length
and gracefully recurve.
Cratons.-Who can behold a fine
specimen of the above named plant
and withhold an exclamation of de-
light? They are so stately in appear-
ance with their recurved foliage, mar-
gined and veiled and mottled and var-
legated, as if they had absorbed the
metals of the soil and reproduced them
in the markings of their foliage.
Ti4eir foliage is painted In orange
and yellow and crimson and carmine
and chocolate and others appear to
have absorbed the tints of the setting
sun. You notice one in yellow and
green markings with recurved leaves
of deepest crimson. Some have long,
narrow Irayean aerIa ain the rishmet
autumn tints. others, in yclifw -iai
green, curve like ram's horns. Then,
again, they are shaped like oak leaves
and others twist like cork-screws.
Some droop over fountain-fashion and
others have an upright growth. In
one variety the leaves grow along the
stem or midrib and then cease to
grow leaving the midrib exposed to
view, and then. later on the (eat as-
sumes its normal growth. Nature ap-
pears to play peculiar freaks in this
A bed of Crotons in variety is a sight
to feast your eyes upon. TMey un-
fold their gayly painted banners ln tie
hottest sunshine, if sufficiently fer-
tilized and irrigated.
As a pot plant, for decorative pur-
poses, the Croton is unsurpassed. Its
requirements are simple; plenty of
root-room, rich soil, sunshine and
Abelia repestris.-This desirable
shrub deserves to be more generally
grown. If planted out in the open
and once started, it will care for Itself.
It blooms continuously, and only
ceases when cut back by the frost.
The frost .does not injure the plant,
but causes it to cease blooming. Its
delicately tinted lavender flowers are
born in great profusion and insects
are attracted in numbers to sip its.
sweets. E. Florida.
This is the rather formidable name
of a very handsome, soft-wooded, ever-
green window vine with bronzy green,
ivy-like leaves, and brilliant flowers
of a pale yellow color Its common
name is Cape Ivy or Flowering Ivy.
It is of easy culture, makes a rapid
growth and is admirable for growing
upon a string or trellis in the window,
the attractive veined foliage and
showy yellowflowers always elicting
We clip the above from Park's Flor-
al Magazine. It is a very brief des-
cription of a very desirable house
plant. We knew it mny years ago in
Indiana as "German Ivy."
Last Spring we received a plant of it
from a friend in Illinois labelled
"Parlor Ivy." We set it in the
ground under a cloth shelter whee
the slat sides protected it from
the wind and the cloth top from the
sun except for a short time early in
the morning and late in the evening.
The soil was rich and it has made a
wonderful growth. It is now six feet
high and over three feet wide. But
like many plants when set on good soil
it r ioral 1 sunlaitlno: it has asyras
all its strength to growing and shows
no signs of blooming.
This vine would doubtless do well in
an open border if on the north side of a
building where it would be shaded
from the sun except for a short time
in the early morning or late in the
evening. It is very tender and the
roots would probably not survive a
wlint-r in ilit open gKioiiui, WtLFi then
is any frost. Ift the old plant, grown
out of doors, is too large to be brought
into the house, a new one can be easi-
ly started, by layering a stem, they
root very readily wherever they touch
Growth vs. lowering.
Elsewhere we incidently mention
the fact that many plants, when set
on very rich soil often devote them-
selves wholly to growth and do not
Gardeners are well aware that many
varieties of fruit if too heavily fertili-
zed, with highly nitrogenous manures,
will make rank growth of bushes or
vines and bear no crops. On the other
hand aame TveRtablieM if arn ea vYy
thin, sterile soil will run right up to
seed instead of making the, growth
expected of them. In this case the
seedsmen may be blanked very un-
justly and accused of selling poor seed
when the whole trouble lay in a lack
of fertility in the soil.
Some experience we have had with
Poincianas this season illustrates the
subject .very clearly. Last year we
grew plants of P. pulcherrima from
seed. One of them, set in fairly good
soil, bloomed quite freely in the fall,'
but too late for any seed to ripen. Hop-
ing to get flowers early enough to
have seed ripen, we bought some
plants last spring. The first one re-
ceived, P. pulcherrima, was set on very
rich soil. It has grown luxuriantly.
The main stem divides near the
ground or rather branches from near
the earth have made such a large
grow as to rival the main stem. It
now stands six feet high with several
of the branching stems nearly as tall,
the shrub is over four feet in diameter
with enormous leaves but not a sign
A week or two after the above plant
*was set out we received a plant of P.
pulcherrima flava, the yellow lowered
variety. This was about the same
size as the first plant. It was set on
what we thought to be good soil
though not fertilized so heavily as the
other. The land was also somewhat
drier. The result is that the second
plant is now only two feet high and
without any branches. But it has two
flowers opened on one cluster of buds
and another cluster in sight.
Pomo S VADANYT.M
ues PM Suft Vm L
LfCan't you ear e of or premise?
Can't you earn OVe of our premiums?
040 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTVRISTI
Entered at the post-ofice at DeLid, Flot-
id, a second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
rnbllahrcl TFT WIdraityri .aa arotd to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
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s communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of od faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will rewarded.
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Only 1 and 3 cent stamps taken when change
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To Insure Insertion, all dvcrtiscmcnts for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their pap changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 24, 1900!
During the past week theme has been
a number of farmers Institutes held
at towns along the East Coast rail-
road, which have been attended by
large numbers of people. The in-
structors were Prof. Stockbridgp and.
Prof. Hume, of the Lake City experi-
ment station, supported by Messrs.
G. L. Taber, of Glen St. Mary, S. H.
Galtakill, of McIntosh, and G. P. Hea-
ly, of Jaffrey. It is needless for us to
say that these meetings were interevt-
Ing and of much profit to those who
had the privilege of attending them.
It is one of the best methods of in-
structing our rural people from the
fact that it brings the information
right to their doors and gives them a
personal opportunity of asking ques-
tion along lines which are of inter-
est to them, which will be answered
by people competent to give the Infor-
,By this means, a class of people is
reaelhd that can be reached in no
other way. They are a class of people
who are hard working and persistent,
but their education and training has
not led them Into the habit of read-
lg, so- that papers and bulletins do
not reach them with the same force
as a lecture or a plain talk.
In inaugurating these farmer's in-
stitutes the experiment station is do-
ing a most valuable work and it is
to be hoped that the number of Insti-
tutes can be Increased and more in-
structors added to the list. When the
institutes are held in any locality the
agricultural and horticultural people
:, shoi all turn out and give the
encouragement that is necessary to
keep. the Interest of the instructors
at a high-water mark. In thiha way
the Institute'Jill be greatly improved,
or there a nothing that encourages
the Instructor so much as to be able
to feel that his work is being appre- wings long ago, while the negro got
elated, 'the 500 acres, which are today worth
St 'three times the money. Powell put
The East Coast railroad has taken ten men to work. got the farm in good
an active part In this work and given order, planted cotton, corn .ana sugar
help in the way of advertising and cane, and cleared the first year $2,500.
cheap transportation ratesHe has continued to add to his landed
heap transportation ratespossessions, paying spot cash for
Severe farm purchased, and is now the
Too Much Brag. owner of 2,100 acres of land, from
There is a peculiar trait that runs which he markets 400 bales of cotton
through the human family, with but a1uIally. B145BiI i UB seUEi E the
few exceptions, which may be called farm, he has developed the country
store idea, and thus rakes in thous-
too much brag. It is always much nic- hands of dollars a year. He also owns
er to talk of what grand things we are a comfortable residence in Bain-
doing, what fine crops we are rais- bridge" His profits last year were
ing, what large return we are re- over $8,000.
It will be seen that this man's suc-
ceiving for our crops than to tell of cess has been won in growing the
the disappointments of poor crops and southern staple crops. He has been
poo oreturnu. In years gone Dy it the victim, as fully as his neighbors,
was very amusing to stand at the of the low prices at which those sta-
ples have sold during recent years.
post office door during the shipping It was during this period of low prices
season and watch the growers receive that his fortune was acquired. It
their mail. Their letters were opened was because they could not make
and if a good price was received from money raising 5-cent cotton perhaps
that his neighbors were willing to
their shipments, everyone soon knew sell their lands to him; but he made
it, but if the returns numbered only a the money to pay them in raising I&
few postage stamps, it was more than cent cotton. If. their experience was
likely that the letter would be shoved evidence that cotton farming no long-
d nto the t s ket d er pays. his is absolute proof that
own into the trousers pocket an no with other methods than theirs it does
reference made to it whatever. Of pay, and pay very largely.
course it is best to always present a In our opinion, the day of high
cheerful face and try to cover up one's prices for cotton has passed and will
disappointments and trouble, but not return. The great problem before
all cotton planters, therefore, is the
there are cases when too much ven- same that this negro has already
tilation of our good crops, etc., works solved. They must learn how to make
to our injury rather than our good. money In raising 5. ont cotton. The
The southern part of the state is en- problem is a dif lt one, perhaps, but
it must solved, or the south can
Joying an unusually fine crop of fruit, never be prosperous in its agriculture.
but we believe there has been nothing We belive it has already been solved
gained by making the crop out larger by great numbers of farmers. Other-
than it really is. Everyone knows that wise it would not be possible for the
president of the Georgia Agriculutral
when large crops are reported, lower society to say, as he does, that the
prives are realized. Buyers are not so farmers of that state are in better
anxious to take hold as when there financial condition than at any time
is a scarcity in the market. It is since the war. All will larn the lesson
in time, except the incapable, who
much easier to say that we have a would fall in any business.-Times-
million boxes instead of a 750,000 box Union and Citizen of June. The above
crop, but we really believe that the predicitons of high-price cotton be-
latter figure would come nearer to Ing a thing of the past does not seem
to be very correct. The price having
the actual production than the former. more than doubled recently and in-
Even at this figure, it shows a mag- stead of bringing 5 cents, 11 is now
nificient increase over last year or the market, with likelihood of still
the year previous. We believe that higher prices prevailing. If so much
could be made with 5-cent cotton what
it will be much more to the interest of are the possibilities of 11-cent veg-
our fruit growers and truckers, if in table fleece?-Ed.
giving notice of the crops in their sec- 0 *
tions. they would underestimate a lit- The Xosqufto and Malaria. -
tie rather than over estimate. It is The present belief that malarial dis-
a good deal more satisfactory ;i the ease is largely dependent for its dis-
close of the shipping season, to find semination on one variety of mosqui-
to, is attracting much attention, and
that you have shipped mor.- than you the scientific investigations made thus
expected, than it is to find that your far seem to confirm the hypothesis. In
crop was away behind your estimate. another column in this issue will be
* found a letter from our well-known
A aegrs B Cuban correspondent, Senor Santiago
A Megro' Succ. Dod, in which he gives a very inter-
The Atlanta Constitution tells of a eating account of the development
negro living in southwestern Georgia, of malarial fever in Cuba. He relsrs
who has made farming pay. Indeed, to a recent article in the Planter on
though he is a young man, only 32, a malarial outbreak in [amaica, be-
and had no capital at the beginning lived by him to have arisen there as
of his career, he has already acquired the result of Irrigation. A long exper-
a large fortune by his farming oper- lence in the rice fields of Loulsana,
nations and is rapidly increasing it. traveling through them daily for
The Consitution says of him: weeks, or even months, in water from
"He ran the gauntlet through which one to three feet deep, and in all e6n-
all the boys of his race had to go, but editions, from that of fresh water to
he had one quality not common to all the black, stagnant swamp water, and
and that was that a dime onge reach- all this with perfect immunity from
ing his pockets stayed there. This malarial fever, has led the writer to
qualification and the thoroughness of believe that the famous unhealthful-
his service secured for him constant ness of the rice swamps of South Caro-
employment. Drifting from stores lina, which were romances of ante-
about town into the government ser- bellum days, when so much sympathy
vice in the dregeboats clearing out the was expressed for the poor slaves con-
Flint river, his resources increased, demJed to labor in the rice swamps,
and with the interest savings on mon- was without any real foundation.
ey already acquired he found himself A generation ago the parish of Pla.
at the age of 20 the owner of $2,000, quemines was the chief rice-produe-
$100 for each year of his life. That, ing district of Lonilana, producing at
as stated, was twelve years ago, and that time nearly 100,000 bags annu-
the event was celebrated by a trip to ally. The development of the rice in-
Albany, where a white land owncr dustry in other sections of the state,
was commiting the usual mistake of and especially in Southwest toulsi-
parting with 500 acres of Baker coun- ana, led gradually to a material
ty pine land. The. white man got the diminution in the lands planted to rice
$2,000, which has most likely taken in the parish of Plaquemines, but still
rice continues to be one of the chief
products of that .parish. The parish
of Plaquemines is proverbial for the
excellent health of its inhabitants.
and we may also truthfully say, ror
the numerousness of its mosquitoes.
The mosquitoes hypothesis as a gen-
erator of malarial fever can hardly
be proven by any evidence exhibited
in the parish of Plaquemines, unless
it be that Immunity is so rapidly acn
quire IBn taat parian, tie readit E Ui
frequent attacks of the mosquitoes,
that malarial fever has no victims to
Anyway the parish of Plaquemines
is so healthful that with a population
of over 12,000 persons, the three or
four resident physicians find It impos-
sible to make a reasonably fair living,
Again, it has ieen found that after
crevasses have occurred In the parish
Plaquemines, a matter of ancient his-
tory now, as with the organization. of
our various levee boards, we have ac.
quired immunity from crevasses, there
was no outbreak of malarial fever as
the result of the receding waters, or
the drying out of the lands.
We have, therefore, felt entirely
at sea in regard to the cause of mal-
arial fever in our alluvial lands and
felt extremely interested in the mos-
quito hypothsls, and had hoped to see
it definitely worked out, as is now be-
ing done by the English governmat
in regard to the malarial fever pre-
vailing in the Campagna round Rome.
The governmental experiments now
going on there are to the effect that
certain persons are housed directly in
the malarial fields, going out doors
only during the fours o sunhiane, and
being kept within the house and be-
hind wire screens during all the rest
of the day, and thus kept free from
mosquitoes. It is believed that If they
escape malarial fever under conditions
which have invariably given fever to
others, it will be proof positive of the
criminality of some of the mosquitoes
in conveying this disease.
Mr. Dod'a article will be found very
interesting reading in this connection,
and we commend its perusal to our
A weak horse may be readilyrulned
by being compelled to work against
one much stronger. Equalize the
strength of the teams as much as pos-
The time has passed when a horse
bred to no definite type, or adapted
to no specific purpose, can be sold at
the cost of his production, and no man
can afford to breed such.
Few farmers are able to sell trotters
to advantage. They have no opportdu-
ity to learn the trotter's anatomy,
training and pedigree. It is not strict-
ly a branch of agriculture.
The small horse is the cheapest kind
of horse in all our markets, and is
the hardest to sell even at the in-
significant price of $25'to $40. Like
a small mule, there is no place or use
"The righteous man regardeth his
beast." Many who are good farmers
in all other respects do not properly
appreciate the horse nor treat him
well. The horse suffers, the owner
Horses went down when the panic
came, and the little horses have been
going down ever since. Those who
had the courage to breed on and up
are now getting higher prices for
Breed for size, style and beauty in
any breed of horses, and you will get
top prices. Breed to the best pure-bred
sires to be had, and it will take sever-
al years to grade up. No time should
We must keep the feet and legs of
a horse clean if we would avoid dis-
ease therein. A good bath with a soft
cloth and tepid water at night will
pay for the trouble in the comfort giv-
en to the horse.
Young animals, camped and con-
fined never, attain the highest sym-
etry of strength and vitality. To thrive
well, they should be at ease, and able
to change position at will. Comfort is
essential to health and well doing.
Box stalls and open yards are neces-
" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 641
sary to growing animals, and bene-
fielal to those whih are crown. These
atf ?astp lsFtsus ee RH .
Comfortable quarter, regular feed-
ing, watering and grooming make it
ceetain that the' food necessary to
keep in a good condition can be mater-
lally lessened, and this, of course,
means a double loss, for It is double
the cost to redeem it.
It might pay to give more attention
to breeding a class of horses with the
endurance necessary to carry them fif-
ty or sixty miles per day, instead of
looking for the mile in two minutes.
PiJo ruoild 6e MiM mEaaly untalned,
and at an earlier age, even if not so
Breeders who are fortunate enough
to get pure bred draft mares
of 1000 or more find they make excel-
lent farm teams, and can raise good
colts as well as haul heavy loads of
grain.and manure, and draw the farm
machinery through or over the ground
to perfection.-The Southern Farmer.
AZIaW3r TO rSinr.Waumsiu.
1%ide asariassi In dAixT2 &" SS f rSIf
such questions as may be asked ty Seer ub-
seribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of aemal character that require
answer by ma ahomld always have stamp en-
Answers to correspondents.*
tedtr Florid A:p*lrAw :
When reading your reply to "C. B."
in your Issue of the 17th inst., I was
Impressed with the Idea that your ex-
perience with nut grass has been
somewhat unlike mine. You most
truthfully say "it is the worst enemy
the Florida grower has in the weed
line." It does seem as though absolute-
ly clean culture ought to eradicate
this enemy, but will it? My observa-
tion is that the nuts of this grass will
ie dormant a long time in- untilled
soil and with cultivation will start in
growth as vigorously as fresh seed.
I have seen virgin hammock land
cleared and put in cultivation with
plenty of nut grass to show up the
flrst season. The land being distant
from any other cultlvated tract de-
bars the theory of the nuts coming
from an adjoining field, and leaves the
inference of a gradual accumulation.
Old fields out of cultivation ten or
more years, on being put in cultivation
have shown a thick growth of nut
grass at once. Land on which I have
grown velvet beans two years has, on
being planted to other crops, shown
an increased growth of this same
Your reply also suggests a question
In regard to velvet beans; how long
successively can this crop be grown
on the same ground (speaking of av-
erage farm land) without decrease of
growth. W. J. Ellsworth.
Nut grass seems to show up badly
all around. A subscriber states that
the only way to get rid of the grass
is to put hogs on it. Who can verify
As to the length of time that velvet
beane can be' ralea on the same land,
would say that depends on whether
the crop is removed or not. If made
into hay and removed the third year
would see a very decided decline. The
same as with cow peas. If the beans
are pastured or left and plowed under
they will continue to build up the
8dt~ 11sridS AgriultwMur
Can you tell me why my crOD of
velvet beans in the large fields Is so
small while In a field where they had
a chance to run on corn stalks and
bushes they have the usual amount?
The shortage of velvet beans as re-
ported in our last week's Issue is due
to the continued wet season. Tne vel-
vet bean vines where they run on the
ground are so dense that it takes
mome time to dry them out. Meoiturv
aids the formation of mould germs
which attack the bloom and distroy
its vitality. When the vines can get
up from the ground they soon dry off
and there is nothing for itir fEgas ta
thrive on and bloom set.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 5 cents: three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x1
FOR RENT-Nine room house completely
furnished, bath, etc. Near Boulevard and
University. Box 307, DeLand, Fla. 42x44
FOR SALE-.Nurstry--Ai frap iruli 8i;ws,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 21 Orlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA aBBD FOR BALB-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre eld.
C. B. BPROUL, Olenwood, Fla 438t
AGENTS WANTED.-For "Economy" Har-
ness Riveters, and other sure selling novel-
ties. PALMETTO SUPPLY CO., DeLand,
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. Sltf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO..-Wholesalers of
Fui;t a, Produce: Commission Merchants.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale
FOR a&LEB-ound. gentle horse, saddle or
driving. harness, *gon, firming hvpie-
meats. etc. Call at VleaDc risf gfove or
address box 692, DeLand, iFa. 48x45
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two years buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
plantin 5 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
uds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-475 Cash. Eight acres of -high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
ONION MONOPOLY-Bermuda Onion
plants S1 a thousand will mature two months
0-Vrs O6l,_ .sAWr I"d_ samples millE
Cabbage plants $2, Lettuce $1. Bear Head
Farms, Orlando, Fla. 42x44
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla.
to clean up two nurseries of summer
in Marion county before Jack Frost ge
his work. All standard varietlcs of bud
to three feet on six year old sour root
sell very cheap prior to December 20.
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON Ti
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer
fall shipment. Large assortment fine
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY 1
SERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Gle
SITUATION WANTED-By an experi
Gardener, Trucker and Stockman.
afraid of work. highest recommend
Single, age 3. Write for particulars. F1
MAN. North Texas Avenue, At
City, New Jersey.
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $50o,ooo.oo.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
.~ EXPRESS and CARLOAD shsments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should o
esfft o-i= 1o6ifl = Ag 9s 9HWAF A Jd f Y Q y !BK 1S & Q9010-
toms, sd aGeastl Iasteetio" for shipp Foerida products sueased ee d fas avils tlcs.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tnk ........... $12 00
Myers' Knapeck Pump, 5
gal. galvanized irontank.. 7 08
Brans Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
Splete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc............... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Oop-
per (Bluestone), uBlphur. etc.
P Bins a ed Oran e a .
Cbagre otatesf 'O=1
Cafrritrs. LetXuls Usaks,.
Boom 18 Robinson Bidg.
S4tf We have a full supply of
S* all the best varieties of Or-
REES --e ranges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
er and T e etc., and shall be glad to
NURe. show them to prospective
n St. planters. Can show both
3Stf trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
enced Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
No CATA FREE. Co ponence Sol d.
tons. CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solkited.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Tr.e, budded an cicltl Citrus. Trifoliata.
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville, Fla. 41tf
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
ohor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
loiue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American manufac
turers. Can buy for you at lowest prices and
ship you direct from each, machinery, ma-
simals of all kinds. anginca oilm-rn insu-
bators. windmills or anything wanted. Cor-
respondence solicited. AMERICAN
TRADES AGENCY. Jacksonville. Fla. 6tt
FOR SALE-Two and one-half acres of land,
one and one-half acres bearing pines, eight
room house, barn, packing house, tools, etc.
All in first-class condition. Property on good
street in city limits. For particulars ad-
dress WRIGHT & STAHL, Orlando, Fla.
WANTED CASSAVA-The Planters' Manun
facturing Co.. Lake Mary, Fla. will be glad
to corresnond wit' all persons wishing to
ell CASSAVA this fall. either for cash or
in exchange for CASfAVA FEED. Karlp
rrsngement. will be of value to growers and
W. PAY THE FREIGHT. F. G. PER-
KINS. Pr.esj4plt. 40x45 :
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Olen St. Mary,
FRUIT TREES FREE-r7 I
If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
the catalogue of
GLEN ST. MARY NURSPIRFS,
And select $1.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen St. Mary with
Mr. Tabor's guarantee. Address
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvl, Florida.
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanlla, Palms, Frit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotoas, Beddnl
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FTAMy- P. J. BERCKMWANSCO, A...., e..
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST:
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Uses of Stale Bread.
A good way to save the stale bread
which is apt to accumulate in all
households, is to soak it till thorough-
ly soft, drain off the water, and make
it Di ati? !_en_ _fo th? morning moalI
using only enough nour to hold the
dough together. Prepare the batter
in the same way as you would for or-
dinary cakes made of flour or corn
meal. Made in this way, they are
particularly nice if they are baked
quickly and eaten while warm. A very
palatable pudding can also be made
by using the crumbs prepared in this
way, but care must be used not to use
too much of the crumbs or it will be
heavy and tough. A much nicer way
to make bread pudding is to slice your
stale bread and place in a deep pud-
ding-dish, then make a custard as you
would for the ordinary egg-custard,
and pour over the bread, and bake
till just done. This makes a very del-
icate dessert and saves much that
would othirwlea be wasted.
Some Fashion Fancies.
Gold braid and tinsel trimmings
promise to be very popular during the
Almost all of the new waists show
the long shoulder effects and the
sleeves terminate at the elbow, a full
or tight fitting portion extending to
frhe Eton is the best liked style for
jackets, although there is a wide
ranso in the ntyla for wrDR-.
Plchn dfaiuiy l still mtlu usu for
trimming house and visiting gowns.
The present fashions require a very
erect and well-formed figure to be
worn with the best effect. The new
belts are shaped to follow the waist
t.ne of the fashionable skirt, and ter-
minate in quite a decided point at tle
Polka dots are seen everywhere: in
ribbons, flannels, hat trimmings, ties,
etc., they are very much liked.
Many jackets are now made with
bell sleeves to be worn over the fash-
ionable "1850" sleeve.
SValue of Old Friendships.
Not until the shadows fall and our
y~arsa onnt mor than half a Pcntnur
do we realize what friendishl fully
means in the summing up of life's in-
fluences; what its power is to uphold
and sustain not only our vitality but
our equipoise. By vitality I mean both
physical and mental vigor, the
strength to grasp the rudder in days
of storm and stress, ability to balance
good and evil, and in the midst of the
tempest to realize that it will not beat
and batter us forever. The steadfast
good cheer of a voice warm with sym-
pathy for a trouble, which without
explanation is understood and truly
comprehended; the magnetic gift of
new life from a strong grasp which
has never failed us as years went
on, who shall measure these?
The thousand-sided aspect of the
dear Do monaln sf a smpianJ n mind
and heart wimen has no bond it nmaKi
its ministry compulsory, no tie near
enough to blind judgnient, and ad-
heres to us simply because love com-
pels its fidelity, is beyond a true analy-
sis. To-day we know that only she
who has journeyed all the way be-
side us can share our joy; tomorrow
that none but the same life-long
friend can understand our grief.
Some years ago, at celebration of a
golden wedding an aged bridesmaid
stood beside the central figure of the
pathetically reconstructed wedding
group where they had been compan-
ions fifty years before. The adherent
affection of the two women shone out
in their dignified and thought-lined
fnrm-en, ha who raUsilal rbh trial sa.y
stood surrounded by her children and
her children's children, and the hus-
band of her youth was as loyally de-
voted as when he rode down the long,
shaded lane to his wedding. Kinsfolk
were there in every grade of consan-
guinity; but it was to the silver-haired
friend that the dignified matron
turned with the tenderest look of re-
membering love, and on the arm of
her gray satin gown the capable, fine
hand which had wrought many things
for child. and grandchild rested with
Emerson wisely forbade us to en-
deavor too ardently to fan our friend-
ships to a sudden warmth; let the bud
unfold itself slowly, he says; do not
tear it open to get at its heart. The
sudden opening of our sealed book of
life to one whose magnetism or noble
attractiveness makes confidence an ir-
resistible impulse, when in our later
years we come into unlooked-for con-
NfoSt wlfl ifllt tlIIuio, a nouw r;:lvnul
is often a great relief; but the coun-
sel of him who knows as we know is
"like the shadow of a rock in a weary
' Children must be carefully guarded
against the sudden likes and dislikes
which they are so apt to take. The
extremely intimate companion of last
month is very often supplanted by a
new acquaintance, and the chum and
confidante who shared everything sud-
denly neglected. It may be some
pI;lsslg vioudt of differentcc uof owlnon;
or a lack of interest in the absorbing
hobby of the altered boy. but there is
often a grievous hardening of heart
which leaves a scar. Fitful friend-
ships should be seriously discouraged;
and though theorizing may not be of
use to the jolly boy or thoughtless
girl. it can easily be made plain to
them that to be a warm friend today
and negligent and discourteous to-
morrow is a very unworthy practice.
To forgive small injuries, to hear
small annoyances front a schoolmate
or companion, should be made a part
of the daily discipline; a score of
years hence the very remembrance of
the dissension healed by forbearance
and forgiveness will be a source of
lelillit to lIS men aVn wQounn wino
recall each detail with eager care.
Faithfulness alone wins fidelity,
and tlhe true-hearted youngster who
champions and defends his comrade
will win for himself that which he
can neither buy nor win in any other
way. The rapturous delight with
which a group of young people will
gather around their mother and some
fond old friend, to hear the stories of
their earlier years, is in itself a testi-
mony to the charm that hangs a',out
the companionship which has passed
safely through the phases of a long
'When at some crisis of a man's ca-
rqer a helping hand comes to his aid,
and the favor is endorsed by a cordial
-I wnunll td much more *hann thit fr
your father'l son." it seeoRs li a cllon.
linuance of the paternal protection.
It is made yet more precious by its
implied devotion to what ha;s been
so dearly loved and sadly lost. The
UBwnC Un am
Mes the food more delicious and wholesome
maL um wN C.. vom
interest-bearing bonds or rich estate
a man may leave behind him are poor
inheritance in comparison with the
legacy of a good man's regard, certain
and unfailingly ready to serve, to for-
give mistakes, to stand between
youthful errors and the world's com-
demnation and to "hold hard" when
There are friends who can so do a
service as to make you believe thai
they themselves are the persons bene-
fitted, and wipe out obligation by for-
getting it themselves. There are wo-
men whli by tyb sh br tree of their
loyalty and devotion, have carried a
friend through the grievous shadow
of family shame and without a word
of entreaty kept an innocent life
above the troubled waters with which
sin had surrounded it. Any of us can
remember cases in which the gentle
insistence of some brave, faithful
friend has prevented the' social door
from closing against the wife and
children of a dishonored father.
Even that crucial test of how we
regard friends richer than ourselves,
tAis willinfs ?? to reeve pecuniary
aid from ihem; can iii Sh i i-
plied to those endowed with the loft-
ier characteristics of our complex hu-
manity without disappointment. There
are iqen and women who can bridge
over dark chasms threatening the
lives of their friends in such a tender
fashion of unity in the present danger
that the rescued forget that they alone
were in neril.
Many a secret sorrow has been
healed, many a wound staunched, by
friendly sympathy and co-operation,
which no power on earth could have
induced the sufferer to disclose to par-
ent or relative.-New York Post.
Queer Fancies in Cuba.
A belief that has a strong hold on
a certain class of people in Cuba'is
that certain diseases can be cured by
eating dirt; and so when one of these
diseases manifests itself the believer
does not consult a physician, but in-
ntFamd sathEIrsFe handael of dirt
and eats It. if any relief Is obtained
it must be the result of faith cure,
which the patient is unconsciously
trying. Why all kinds of germs are
not taken in with the dirt is a mys-
tery-possibly they are.
The moonlight seems particularly
objectionable, and strangers are warn-
ed not to go out in it with uncovered
heads, and not to go out in it at all
if it can be avoided; it is thought that
this light brings many evil effects,
nnr unlr tiny T irsFui tBn? w'll a
Cuban sleep under Its rayn-he thinks
that, among other things it will draw
his mouth to one side of his face.
T'o ward off sickness of various
kinds there are little silver or tin im-
ages to, wear suspended about the
neck as a kind of chari. Images of
the same kind are offered in the
churches as thanksgiving or prayer,
and so wpt find near the altars of cer-
tain churches cases in which are hun-
dreds of these little trinkets-hands,
feet. arms and babies.
The hooting of an owl is taken as
a very bad sign. The superstitious
Cuban kills any creature of this kind
which makes weird sounds near the
liome. This is supposed to break
tlil RIcllh- and it is nat th:I gpi-mits!'
that a iiiniiibeP of sl family shall
meet death in the near future. But-
terflies also ane looked upon as omens.
The Cuban women are great believ-
ers in the efficacy of various herbs in
sickness, and have a remedy for al-
most every aillient. American phys-
icians find they have much more
knowledge in this line than the wo-
men of our own country, .and more
knowledge of sickness in general. In
many homes, even the poorest, there
is a thermometer, and if any one is
ill the temperature is taken before the
physician arrives.-New York Sun.
"Papa," asked a four-year-old youngster,
"are little boys made of dust?"
"Yes, my son," was the reply.
"\Vell then continued the little fellow, "I
awl maH aaU "hIll "- 1e" Iio uEi!? in
arush on me. I'm atraid she'll bruil me ill
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
A Threadbare Game.
HOW A BROCKTON, MASS., WOMAN
WAS IMPOSED UPON.
Pros the us.me, Brockto, Mass.
We smile when we read that the "gold
brick" game has succeeded in parting
another victim from his money but bow
much harder to understand is the success of
the "substitution game" which is practiced
daily in many stores that ae otherwise re
pectable. We aythis i hard to under-
stand because one would suppose that a per-
.io who i. .ur Dr. Williamu' Pink 1Pil
for Pale People are the only remaey ims
will benefit him and who goes to a store for
a further supply would insist upon getting
just what he aau for. That such is net
always the ease is shown by the following
Mrs. Delia Wllin of No. 243 Creseat
Street Brockton, Mam., a :s "When I
Sto take Dr. William' Pink Pll fmr
Pale People I was a total wreck. For two
year I had endured the tortures of nervoae
nees, headache, muscular weakness ad less
of appetite. My weight was only 75 pid
while I had weighed over 100 pounds. I
was subject to severe headaches, motin
the morning, and at times I was as
th..t I o...ald re1 distinenih oae oest
"Lat winter I got o much worse t I
wa obliged to go to a hospital fortrC-
ment and after x weeks of care and dkllll
attention, I was but little, if any, better.
About March 1st, after leaving the hoesp l
I begai to take Dr. Williamm' Pink Pll
for Pale People upn the reoomnmmdatioa
of a friend who had ben beneted by th
and they have done more good than all the
-- ~^ "I had taken
only a few doe-s
when I bean to
feel better aad
within one week
Shad gained three
psounda. After Isn
shing my Art hex
of pill I went to
one of the largest
drug stores in
Brockton for the
Second box. The
clerk talked me
inft taking a box
Getme fseeense. of pill@ whAh he
claimed were the same as Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills hr Ple People only pat up t
a different form. I ha taden nly ne er
mR ass -h' ais i w I nw at
I had been impoed upon. The sid tituaE
acted aloether differently from Dr. Wil-
liams' Pi Pills and made me ao weak that
I could scarcely stand. I am now uing
nothing but the genuine Pink Pills ad am
thankful to ay that they are putting new
life into me.
"I have so much confidence in Dr. Wl-
liams' Pink Pills for Pale People that I
recommend them whenever an opportani
presented tself and all those who e
them speak very highly of them."
(Sianed) M DLam WuI u.
At all dgghie or direct from Dr. WI.
Hin. Medicir ComDany. Selhosea
TY; PrivcleesisPear bszlaxmi61
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.
Lyle & Co., ...Bartow F.
THE U. L. LIVE STOCK REMEDT ba
proved most efficient in preventing aid
curing HIB and OhlokeL Cboletr and
kindred dieues. It is also a fe con-
dbtlon powder. Sales amre ncreasita If
your dealer don't keep tt we will mal
It to you on receipt of price so per %
Ib. Liberal discount to dealers. IrAAC
MORGAN, Agent. Kissmmee, ha S U
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
UfWf il BSiai.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BBACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
IPOUSSI AD R AM =PAM- they should commence laying In No- that surrounds the chick as soon as Its we A
member. ugly wet head breaks the shell True w A N he
AM iK.a f s a - 9 t B! EBll.. O1 BBai as l goad t[loro are other n eeary quallflca. IfMIIMtY iMMJ
pitmet hould bh ddrc to for their feed, but I prefer to have a tons to be successful, but love for the RI .TR
FP ORIDA AGBICUO TUB IST, 'good share of it ground, and have work is of paramount importance. am hmell t tM
.Poltry DeLt. Jaeknvlle, Pa more or less wheat bran mixed with Women are born with solicitude for ivater ram be
it; corn and corn meal should be fed helpless creatures, and therefore, have iM c po lato.
sparingly to moulting hens. The hens that advantage over men. aw 1t
Broilers fo the la. will do better and get through their 'Again, women possess that care for the Mpup
The poultry raisers of Florida who moulting earlier If the males are re- detail, and realize the importance of 4a aM.i. ww'k.
are looking to the winter hotels for moved. Take them out and keep them the trifles that go to make up the sum s a day. std Mr iptoi lMaded
the sale of their broilers must now separate during this season.-Ex. of poultry keeping while men are D rive ad Tramst Af Addsem.
e e apt to pay more attention to the larger PALMfrO SUPPLY CO., DeLI PsriMe.
have tleir plans well In hand and mThe 3lgiun Hre From a Dietetic consideration of the craft. A success-
their incubators or "biddy" at work Standpoint. ful poultry keeper will tell you that TAOB AI T
turning out the young chicks. As As an article of diet the hare has their business is made up largely of 1 ACCV DU S .*
soon as one hatch is completed, others advantages as )et very slightly Un- small details and he who scorns or If your fowls are troubled with Bee
ould follow rapid c n fr derstood in this country. The flavor neglects the little leaks might just as or Jiggers, send s.5 and get 100
should follow i rapid scce for of the meat is delicious. Al the flesh well drop poultry, for such a person pounds of tobbaco dust and srink
what Is done along this line must be is eatable, so thele is absolutely no will never make a success of it it in your coops. Te tobacco Is ar
done soon for the hotel season is short waste after the animal has been prop- Women are naturally more gentle anteed to be unleaehed. Iud 2 ct
and means that if you as not on early dressed. From a dietic point of with hens than men. They have the tamp for ample.-u. O. Paater & 0o.,
tme you get left.* If you miss the ho- view the flesh of the hare is simply instinct to pet any thing that pos- Jacksoanvlle, I
me y get you valuable. It lacks the heavy, oily sesses life, and the little chicks and
tel trade you have to depend on the substances found in ducks, chickens older birds are all the better for a soft
home trade which never gives as high and turkeys. The flesh, therefore, voice, the gentle manner, and the pa- C t A.L I
prices as the hotel trade. This is gen- while very nourishing, produces no in- tlence exercised by their keeper. Parties Intending visiting Cuba will
rally the case with all produce that flammation and may be taken with Women are not so easily discorag- do well to correspond with me about
eray te cu we a dn th relish and profit by any Invalid. It has ed or "knocked out" as men are; as lands, etc. Use 5. postage.
the hotels consule. They want the none of the strong, gamey flavor found they have the perseverance that tides TH . TOWN,
best and pay the best prices while in the wild rabbit, and is therefore them over disease and poor market.- Qu,
they are open. acceptable to tile weakest stomach. Golden Egg. P. delRio Pro ce.C .
In the cleanliness of its habits the Provine.
jrly Hisoer e( t o fthe n4 hare is daintier than poultry. The Things About gge.
At the end of the nineteenth century same fact is true of its food. Poultry The egg is a most concentrated
the rearing of poultry yard birds fol- will eat almost anything. The hare is form of food and though they be high
lowing the onward march of progress fond of variety, but it will not eat priced they are cheaper than meat and
will be quite difereat to what it has meat or anything that is gross. It very nutritious. It s very poor econ-
been p viously. The poultry yard was will not suffer the slightest stain of omy to use half cooked flour in an om-
farmrly the natural and necessary earth or otler uncleanliness to remain elet, or soda and cream of tartar in aamrt wmuss, tm. l btm rea.
adjunct to the farm. Hea seemed to upon its fur, but is refined in its every sponge cake, as a substitute for eggs. PAgWV WIn ,
grow without restraint in the mead- habit and instinct. The result is that Why does white of eggs increase
ow amongst the focks. At the pres- as long as the hare is in a state of in bulk when beaten. The pure al-
ent day they no longer speak of poul- Nealth its flesh is necessarily exceed- bumen is enclosed in cells which break II
try yards; aviculture is the word- ly wholesome as well as toothsome. when beaten. Albumen is a glutin-
rational, selentle rearing adapted to The Belgian hare will dress a pound ous substance; this catches and holds
extensive culture and modern indus- for every month of its age up to six the air and increases Its bulk many S S
try. or seven months. He is good for food times. To housekeepers fortunate
It will always be a problem to me to from about the tenth week of his ex- enough to obtain their eggs directly
learn how man succeeded in domesti- istence. The fifth month is about the from the farmer or those having hens _
eating the type of farm bird and poul- most profitable to kill if intended for of their own we would caution against s
try yard birds which play such an im- market. He will sell for 20 cents per the use of an egg before it has been s s
portant part in alimentation by their pound dressed weight, which is the laid ten hours; the whites have not be- JSSCE MAMDt1%
flesh and eggs and in human wearing regular market price for turkeys. We come set and thick and cannot be- ~ l Aml
appareL No historical document, no have sold none for less than this price beaten stiff.
legend tells us by what means man and have found the demand far in ex- There are many ways of preserving T
succeeded in enslaving the wild Gal- cess of the supply. Tle flesh of the eg. Any substance that will fill the ATh
inacean cocks and hens so fond of lib- hare is a food of which no one ever pores in the shell and exclude air will AND SIMPLE
erty. The Bankiva cock which is sup- tires, and all who have tasted it at preserve eggs indefnitel. ggs or BAR W
posed to be the stock of our domestic once acquire a liking for it.-Dr. B. preserving must be perfectly fresh. A BAIME ou R
varieties, native of the Jungles of In- C. Platt in Animal Life. coating of varnish thoroughly applied PGa oACBe.
dia and Malasla, is tamed easily will keep eggs for any length of V SCHMELZ
enough, but the magnificent cock of Curing a Slck-gg iiog. time. After varnishing and drying, SCL
Bon'erat, native of Sumatra and Java, Men who have grown grayhaired park in a box of clean sawdust, and Sylval a,
Wa. never tamed trying to devise ways and means of them where it is cool. A very "artilate Am. ISL IWr.
AI telf miaa te wehr twh itreii S iI t-y iS aool Am" veer 4asyt m wemoad w to dmp r
Aryans must have been accompanied geling them to set, declare that therewo minutes in boiling water. r
by the Banklva cock. The first nav- is no way on earth of breaking a dog The heat coagulates tl membrane W St POi y
gators who reached the Isles of the of the habit of sucking eggs when he and renders it impervious to air. Mawttr AlATT O.
paclflc Ocean mention ornaments once acquires It. An experiment was We should advise eer housekeep- 4 mon trial 10e. O yr. e.
nade of cock's feathers, which often recently tried on a dog that developed e to select h e own egse rom tiu st 4 motts m w to ea trs r n e
ompood the dress of the Islanders. a taste for raw eggs, and if he ever faer's basket or at the market, t- rta it u to d
In America it was not until historic sucks another he is worse than an fmebering that they should feel 8- to y. WI Is u to t
tmes that it was introduced by the idiot dog. The dog always cleaned out gmembend that. We would al fe give O. We sK et ~M rt Sr
Spanish Conquistadores. Strange to a nest when he started on it, and he leavy and full. We wolod eggs give a a aas
say, the bird never returned to the always started in on it as soon as he a hint to seek the darkest lored eggs e
wild statp; endeavors have been made found one. It made 'no difference out of the lot. They are ite best, be-U
to stock fforete witlho mIece whether it contained one egs or a d g riche HENS' TEETH TnI ov.
*oks and hens are always found near en. His owner blew an egg, filled the ,
human dwellings in the inhabited re- shell with spirits of ammonia, placed U AT T P IA T To properly digest Its food the fowl
gions of Central Africa, both by the it in a nest known to the dog and OUB ATST must have grit. What teeth are to the
Nomad's tent and that of the Kaffir awaited developments When he For 20 years Dr. J. ewta Hath- human beig grit s to the fowL We
and Hottentot; thus we shall find crushed that egg he gasped a time or away has 0s sucesally treated can now furnsh ground oyster shelm ,
them in all civilized countries with two, fell down and writhed for a mo- chronic diseases that he is aeknowl4s- from frahy V ed ystee rom
variations of the primitive type ad- ment then got breath enough to ed to-day to stand at the head of hi which al the dwt an dirt has ba
adapted to climate and methods of howl for ten minutes. For a week the profession in this line. He exclnve screened, to supply this gt whieh s
earing.-Revue Scientific, dog wasn't able to eat anything but method of treatment for Vauiooede lacking in early al parts et hida.
Se milk and would run at the sight of an and stricture without the aid of knife Goods very lnfe to oUr and tal
u ~M IM ar UN M egg shrll --Iir and Posltry, o* OautS7. Ureo in o0 Der et. of all dsat ae ba om lt ur n 99 tf
When the hens commence to shed cm, *Im mateal o 1.of ~pe sa ex o ii pounds. We now
their feathers in autumn, a variety of Rome wasn't built in a day nor is a Vital forces, Nevom Disorder d-- offer it at
food i required and that of the best poultryman made in a single season, ny and Urinary Comg ts Paraly- 100 b bag, Te. a. o. b. Jacksonville.
quality. It ia much better to give says Iowa Homestead. The best of s, Blood Poisoning, hebmatism, a Help your fowls by giving the
the an outdoor range than to shut them still have a good deal to learn, tarrh and Diseass p to women plenty of eea git
them up. Eve tf one has a good and are entirely ready to admit it, he is equaDy succ af. Dr. ath- O. .PAINTER Co., Jacksonvll
tlzed yard nd puts quite a little grien and It is no shame to the beginner if away's practice is more tMha double
ioo n it, the fowls will do better to he makes a good many mistakes. The that of any other s lellet. Cases Manufaeto of High Grade
have free range. A hen prefers to thing to do is to persist in spite of pronounced hopeless by ethr ph i sere and deaer n l a de o PYe
Pick her own grass, and likes to them and be careful, attentive and eans, rapidly yield to h. tmatmet. al
catch her own bugs, and insects, and studious in mastering poultry prob- Write him today fullya t yaras in
scratch up her own worms. It is es- lems. He makes no charg for oeaultatlsa
sential for them to have a little meat 4# or advice, either at his ofe or by Ora and Kum Quat
daily. A Woman's Secret. mall. Newton Hatway, IL D. S
This extra feed and care should be- There is no doubt about it-women Bryan SB et 8& vamm P Teea ad Nut foNed aOnd
gin the last of August or early In are far more successful poultry "men" : Pe Als a general line of Fruit
September, according to the climate than men, and the reason of it is their "Why does no one pay any attention Trees, Boes, Shrnbs, etc. Prices.
where located, in order to have them love for the business. It is because of to Smith?" low. Freight paid.
well feathered before the cold weather their real affection for the fowls that "Oh, he kicks all the time." l T N SBIS
begins. They will then get well fleshed come at their call-that pleasure they "And why is Jones so neglected, SU-M l RSEIM ,
previous to winter, and If a good have in being with their charges, and too?" L P Prp.,
bree, and proper care Is given them caring for them-that mother love "Well, you see he never kicka." .
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
BILLY MASON'S "FOOL-
Bily Mason, from the time he first
saw a telegraph instrument in opera-
tion, thought he would like to be a tele-
graph operator, and he asked his father
to buy him the necessary outfit, so that
he might learn the business at home.
"All foolishness." answered Mr. Ma-
vn. "Yvu'4 get tired of It in less than
a week. Better go In for something
that you'd get some good out of."
"I wouldn't get tired of it," asserted
Billy. "I promise you that if you'll
buy me an outfit I'll stick to it till I get
so I can send messages just as a real
But Mr. Mason couldn't be coaxed
Into gratifying the boy's "whim," as he
"I would just be throwing money
away," he said. "Can't afford it."
That settled the matter, so far as
Mr. Mason was concerned. But Billy
did not give up his plan.
When the new railway came to
Brownsville of course a telegraph line
came with it, and Billy lost no time
making the acquaintance of the oper-
ator, who was a pleasant, good-natured
fellow and quite willing to show Billy
how to use the instrument.
In less than a week from the time
he began to practice on the operator's
"sender" he had learned the alphabet,
saktt was notlo4gbeforte he could be-
gin to pick up short easy words as they
came to the operator over the line.
"You'd learn the business in no time
if you had a chance," the operator said.
"You ought to have an instrument at
home. If you had, e'd string a wire
between your place and the station,and
we could practice a good deal at odd
"I wish it could be done," said Billy
with a sigh. "I'll try father once more."
Accrdlngly, he made another at-
tempt that night, but as unsuccessfully
"I ten you it's all foolishness." said
Mr. Mason. "I wish you'd stop teas-
ing me about it. I won't give you a
cent to throw away in that way."
Billy concluded he would say no
more to his father about it, but he de-
termined to learn telegraphy for all
One day the operator at the station
told him that he had found where a
second-hand outfit could be bought for
a song, almost.
"If you'll buy that, I'll furnish the
wire," he said. "Th en we'll have a line
of our own, and will ask no favors of
the main line."
Billy determined that such a chance
as this could not be lost, and he went to
work that day to earn the money with
which to buy the outfit. He ran on er-
rands. He did all kinds of odd jobs
that would bring in a penny. By-and-
by. seeing how intent he was on the
purchase of the instrument, his mother
felt sorry for him and gave him enough
to make up the price of it, when added
to'what he had earned.
And Billy bought the outfit.
"I shouldn't think you'd encourage
the boy in his foolishness." said Mr.
Mason to his wife, when he found out
how Billy had bought the instrument.
"Maybe there isn't as much foolish
ness in it as you think for." she said.
"I believe 'it will be the means of mak-
ing a telegraph operator of the boy. If
it doesn't it amuses him and keeps him
at home, and out of mischief and that's
worth a good deal."
A happier boy than Billy Mason was
when the wire was strung and the line
was ready for use it would be hard to
It was not long before he was able to
"take" the messages the stationman
sent him over their line, and in a little
while he became quite profficent at
"seeding." They talked back and forth
between the farm and the station, and
Billy began to feel quite like a full-
fledged operator when he was able to
"call up" the man at the other end of
the line, and ask him a question whose
meaning did not have to be guessed
One day Mr. Mason announced his
Intention to take the family and go
erto his sister's at Three Lakes, on a
"We'll go Saturday apd come back
Monday," he said. "But I guess you'll
have to stay at home"-to Billy-"to
see to things. It wouldn't do to shut
up the house and leave it alone."
"All right," said Billy, rather pleased
at the prospect of being in charge of
the place. He had never been alone all
night, and the experience would be a
novel one for him. He rather liked the
idea of the responsibility it would put
upon him to be left "to see to things."
the same as if he were a man.
Mr. Mason and the family started off
on Saturday afternoon on the long-
planned, often-delayed visit, and Billy
was left to look out for himself, which
he felt quite able to do.
The night closed in. dark aid threat-
ening storm. The wind blew fiercely
about the house, and made a roaring
sound in the chimney of the fireplace.
Billy did not feel at all frightened at
being alone, but he could not help feel-
He went up to his room about eight
o'clock and concluded he would go to
"I wonder if Stewart is in the office
still?" he thought. "I'll call him, and
He went to the instrument, and made
Click, click, came back the answer,
"Didn't know but that you'd gone
home," telegraphed Billy.
"Busy making out my monthly re-
port," came back the answer. "Shall
not be able to get away very early to-
"Good-night," responded Billy, and
then he went to bed.
He dropped off to sleep almost im-
mediately. But he woke just as the
old clock down-stairs was striking ten.
As the sound of the clock died away.
he became conscious of another sound
-a sound like that of a step in the
room below-a slow, careful step, as of
someone who did not care to make
noise enough to warn others of his
"I wonder if some one is down-stairs
or am I imagining it?" thought Billy.
He sat up in bed and listened.
"I do hear steps." he decided. "Who
is down stairs I'd like to know? None
of our folks-they wouldn't be tip-toe-
ing round like that. It must be a burg-
ler or a tramp."
Billy's room was over the sitting-
room. There was a register in the
floor, immediately in front of his bed.
When this was open, light would shine
through from the room below. As he
sat there, he heard a sound like the
careful opening of a door and then he
saw a glimmer of light through the op-
ening in the register plate. He leaned
out of bed. and peered down into the
room below. Presently a man passed
under the register. He could see
enough of him to tell it was a man,
and that was all. He listened. Pretty
soon he heard a sound like that of bu-
reau drawers being opened.
"It is a burglar." decided Billy.
"He'll get away with father's box that
he keeps his money in. as sure's the
Suddenly an idea came to Billy. It
was not very late yet. The clock had
just struck ten. It was possible that
Stewart was still at the station, at
work on his report for the month. If
he could only call him up!
"I'll try it." decided Billy.
He took a quilt from the bed and
dropped it lightly over the register.
"That'll keep the sound of the instru-
men from getting down to the man,"
Then he got out of bed noiselessly.
and tiptoed across the room to the
table on which the Instrument stood.
His hand shook as he touched the
key of the sender, so fearful was lie
that Stewart would have left the of-
fice. He sent the "call" and waited
almost breathlessly for a reply.
Presently, click, click, click, click!
went the machine, and Stewart had
"A burgar here." he said to the sta-
tion agent, over the wire. "Send men,
quick. No time to lose. Hurry!"
"All right," came back the reply.
The village was about half a mile
away from the Mason farm. Bil-
ly calculated that it would take at
least fifteen minutes to get the men to-
gether and get them there. By that
time the burglar might be gone. But
they would be so close on his track that
they might be able to run him down.
He listened again.
The man was still at the bureau, it
seemed. He was evidently rummaging
through all the drawers of it.
"Very likely he knows there is no one
in the houqe but me," thought Billy,
"and he feels safe in taking his time
for it. I suppose he'll take all mother's
trinkets, as well as father's money, if
there happens to be any in the boL."
By-and-by the man moved away from
the corner where the bureau stood, and
went out of the room. Billy judged by
the faint light that lingered in it, that
the unwelcome visitor had gone into
the pantry, just across the kitchen
from the sitting room door.
He was soon convinced that he was
right in his surmise for he heard the
sound of crockery coming in contact
with other crockery.
"He's hunting about for something
to eat," thought Billy, "and don't know
just where to look for it, so he has to
keep looking till he finds it. I hope
he'll come across the doughnuts and
mince pie mother left for me. and will
like them so well that he'll keep at
them until some one gets here."'
Evidently the man felt perfectly safe
in taking his time for it. for he showed
no disposition to hurry.
Billy crept over to the front window,
raised the sash softly, and listened.
"I'm sure I hear some one down the
road," he said. He listened again. "I do
hear them," he chuckled. "They're al-
most here. Ah. ha! Mr. Burglar. I won-
der what you'll think when they burst
in on you? I rather guess you'll wish
you'd gone about your business a little
By this time Billy could distinguish
the forms of several men at the gate.
He threw up the sash, and leaned out
of the window.
"Go 'round to the kitchen door." he
cried. "There's where he must have
got in. He's in the pantry now."
The man in the pantry heard him. as
well as the men at the gate, and Billy
heard him scurry across the kitchen
floor, and out at the kitchen door.
But he was too late to make his es-
cape. The men from the village came
around the house just as he made a
bolt for the garden fence, and two or
three shots were fired at him. One of
them took effect, and with a groan and
some terrible oaths, he fell among Mrs.
Mason's petunias and hollyhocks.
Five minutes later they had the thief
securely bound hand and foot. by Mrs.
Mason's clothesline. The shot that
struck him in the leg. quite disabled
him, but the party from the village
had no intention of letting him get
away. and. being unused to dealing
with burglars and that class of not-to-
be-depended on persons, and feeling
rather insecure as long as he had the
use of his hands and feet. they deter.
mined to be on the safe side
"I'll bet he don't get them knots loose
very easy." declared the man who did
the tying. "I guess there hain't much
danger o' his getting' away."
The tin box in which Mr. Mason
kept his valuables was found in the
flower bed. where the man dropped it.
when the pistol ball struck him. Some
articles of old-fashioned jewelry and
trinkets of some value were found in
his pockets and turned over to Billy.
Then they took him to the village with
them. and he was lodged in jail for
You may be quite sure that Mr. and
Mrs. Mason were greatly excited when
they found out what had happened.
"Why. I had over two hundred d9l-
lars in that box!" cried Mr. Mason. "I
have been saving it up to make a pay-
ment on the wood lot with, next week
I don't know what I'd have done if
the man had got off with it."
"Now, what do you think of my 'fool-
ishness'?" cried Billy. "If it hadn't
been for our telegraph you'd have lost
your money as sure as you live."
"I wouldn't wonder if you're right
about that." answered Mr. Mason.
Billy's father went to town the next
week. and when he came back he had
something for Billy.
li'ss brand new," he said. as Billy uln-
wripilled the box. eager to see the con-
tents of it. "Nothing second-hand
about that. my son."
_ __ __
Gone for the
with her suffer-
Sis croup in
get the doo-
tor quick enough. It's
too dangerous to wait.
Don't make such a mis-
take again; it may cost
a life. Always keep on
hand a dollar bottle of
It cure the croup at
once. Then when anay
one in the family come
down with a hard cold
or cough a few doses of
the Pectoral will cut
short the attack at once.
A 25 cent bottle will cure
a miserable cold; the SO.
size ir better for a cold
that has been hanging On.
we ritr A Ivw Itoe
C. D. Masswa1o
Jsm. ad, iS a r ast'V .
write thi Doetm. If y
i ameba what eve aa en
= =at advise? avIse, w fathe r,
Dr. J. C ATZ6, Lmwell, a9im,
"Oh. my gracious!" cried Billy, his
eyes almost as big as dollars with sue
prise and delight, as the last paper fell
off disclosing a telegraph outfit, bright
with enamel and gilt ornamentation.
"Isn't it a daisy? I say, father, you
couldn't have brought me anything I'd
rather have had than this. It's a good
deal nicer than the one the operator
has down at the station."'
"Glad you like it." said his father.
"You've earned it. I hope all your fool-
ishness will turn out as this one has."
The thief never came to trial in
Brownsville. It was discovered that
he was an old offender, who was want-
ed in several other places for serious
misdemeanors, and he was turned over
to the proper authorities, and I believe
he is still in state's prison. Perhaps,
had it not been for Billy Mason's "fool-
ishness" he might still, be at large.-
A CASE OF CIRCUMSTAN-
TIA L EVIDENCE.
The trial of Richard Farley for the
murder of Hattie Burgess was in ses-
sion. The crime had occurred a month
previous. Farley, a man of good social
standing, was accused of the murder of
Hattie Burgess a woman of low repute.
At the preliminary trial the testimony
of the chief witness, an associatesof the
murdered woman, was so strongly con-
firmed by circumstantial evidence that
Farley had been refused bail. He had
pleaded not guilty, but made no attempt
THrE FLORIDA AtZRICUTURlIST.
to prove an alibi, though strongly urged Now compose yourself and write a mes-
to do so. sage to him."
When be was' arrested an hour after She sat still a moment and then wrote
the murder was committed, a bloody slowly and firmly.
handkerchief and a diamond ring mark- "There is no alternative. Control your-
ed with the woman's initials were found self. Pray do not create a scene and
on him. There was blood on his clothes make a hard task harder.
and on his pocket knife-the woman "Helen Barclay."
had been stabbed. These evidences and When the witnesses for the prosecu-
the repressed excitement of his manner, tion had concluded their testimony the
convinced the public of his guilt. His two Farleys and Helen returned to the
father, brothers and a few personal court-room. There were low murmurs
friends still clung to him. of "Who is she?" that quickly died away
His firm denial of guilt, his quiet, in- into an almost breathless silence when
different manner at the examination, his she began to testify.
total disregard of public opinion were Dick Farley sat with his arms tightly
much commented on. He positively re- folded across his breast. His features
fused to be interviewed, were rigid, and drops of moisture gath-
When court opened the room was ered on his face. His manner was in
crowded with the curious of all classes, marked contrast with his previous in-
The cool demeanor of the accused was difference.
in marked contrast with the anxious Frank Farley stood beside Helen
restlessness of his father and brothers, when the oath was administered and
So far as the public knew there was no IEsrtlsd hSr ti the witHerae stand. She
one to testify in his behalf: his only stood perfectly quiet but for the rest-
chance of acquittal lay in the eloquence less twisting and turning of the gloves
and ability of his lawyers, the ablest she held in her hands. Her plain mourn-
criminal lawyers of the state. ing dress and close fitting toque, her
The first witness for the prosecution,, pure, pale face, and earnest manner,
an associate of the murdered woman, were in striking contrast with the frizz-
was testifying when a girl dressed in ed, bepainted and flippant creatures who
mourning entered and was conducted had been testifying. Her voice, at first
by the sheriff to a seat near the table rather low, gradually became distinct,
where the lawyers for the defense sat. the attorney's smooth, even manner
There was a slight commotion among evidently reassuring her. She gave the
them, the girl held out her hand to the following testimony:-
elder Farley and in a low tone said a "I am Helen Barclay. My home is in
few words which he repeated to one of New Orleans. I first met the accused
the lawyers. in New Orleans during the Mardi Gras
Richard Farley sprang to his feet and of 1897. After' my father's death in
beckoned to his brother. October of that year we came to G- for
"Take her away from here, Frank, a change, hoping to benefit my mother
and don't let her return under any con- -she is an invalid. We boarded with a
sideration," he said in a sharp excited private family-Mr. John Graham's.
whisper. "Soon after we moved to G-, Mr.
A moment later the father, Frank Far- Richard Farley called on us and was a
ley and the girl, left the room. When frequent visitor during the winter. I
the door of the court-room closed upon was not personally acquainted with the
them they hesitated, then Frank barley other members of the family, although
crossed the hall, threw open the coor of I knew them by sight.
the %heriffs office, and they entered, "Mr. Farley called at the house on the
closing the door behind them. The night of the-the murder. It was Good
girl was shivering from head to foot. Friday, the last day of March. He came
"Oh!" she said, sinking into a chair at eight o'clock. I was covering a rope
and wringing her hands. "Isn't it hor- with evergreens-Mrs. Graham is an
rible!" And her head went down upon Episcopalian. and was on the committee
the desk, her body shaking with sobs. for decorating the church for Easter
"It is, it is!" The old man laid his hand Sunday. During the evening I used Mr.
on her head. "It is horrible that any Farley's knife to cut pieces of cedar.
one could suppose Dick would do such The knife is a medium sized pocket
a deed." knife, it has a tortoise shell handle with
"Oh," she said, raising her head, her a silver heart on one side; his initials
voice shaking with sobs, "no one who are engraved on the heart. It was very
knows him can believe that. But to sharp-it slipped and made a deep cut on
think he could be accused of it!" my hand, which bled profusely. I gave
H1r; hd wigt 4dwa UpaS the 4s;k it a quick Ghake, the blhod spsttfega e8l
again. The older man looked inquiring- Mr. Farley's tie-it was a blue and white
ly at the other, who answered .gravely, silk tie. As he helped me tie my hand
"You are right, my child. It is hor- up a drop fell on his cuff. I used his
rible that he could be accused of it." handkerchief and my own to stop the
The girl stretched out her hand to bleeding. Mine was edged with lace
him. and had my initials H. B.'embroidered
"Yau rE his brsthr, Frank? H tsld in the corner. These handkerchiefs and
me he wished he had been like you. He a diamond ring were iouna on him
said it that night-the night she was when he was arrested. The ring is a
killed." solitaire diamond marked H. B. on the
S inside. The outside is carved, and twist-
"Then you can prove an alibi'" both ed in and out of the carving you can
men asked at once. find the date Jan. x, 1898. It is a ring
"Yes, in a moment. It has hurt me so Richard Farley had given me."
here and here,' putting her hand over Here she made a pause but her eyes
her heart and then her throat, never left the judge. to whom she had
There was rap at the door and a turned after she had answeredthe first
note was handed i. -The men read it few questions asked by the attorney.
and then handed it t the girl. The She drew a deep breath which the crowd
writing betrayed the agitation of the in the court-room seemed to echo, and
writer, then continued,-
"Frank, do not-do not let her testify! "It was nearly eleven when Mr. Far,
I'd rather be hanged than have her ley left the house. He crossed the street
mixed up in such a case. Dick." and sat down on one of the benches in
There was another rap at the door and the park opposite. It was a bright moon-
after a short conversation with some light night and he could be seen dis-
one on the outside, Frank Farley said- tinctly. We were to leave on the early
"Father, Dick says that the young morning train: I believe it is called the
lady shall not testify." 'news train.' We had to go on this train
The two men looked irresolutely at to make connection with the east bound
one another, thcn Frank turned fo thi Southern Pacifc. Mother had received
girl. a telegram saying that my aunt was
"Will you answer Dick's note? Say dangerously ill. When I had finished
something hard and cold-you women packing my trunk and went to the win-
can do that better than a man can-and dow to draw the blinds. Mr. Farley was
it will bring him to his senses." still sitting in the park; he was smoking.
"Did he tell you that?" she asked, her As I stood at the window two men
face flushed and quivering. "Did he tell came by: one of them spoke to him. I
you I was hard and cruel, and"-she do not think he answered: then they
choked back a sob-"and presumed to went on down the street, laughing and
sit in judgment over him? Oh, it hurts talking together and I heard the clock
me so to remember it." strike twelve.
"No. he hia told us nothinei I eWh""' "We left town at half past thr e that
whatever of where he was that nigh or morning. My aunt lives thirty miles
what occurred. You shall tell us later. from a railroad. She does not take any
Premium Offer No 1. IT ye *wadUnwt newcr suba
rrcmu uane m opa -ictm-^w
and stm-et watch, iguamted by the m~nhcvfmn bo an yr. Send yor m hMp-
sns at oncC to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jladmgs, h.
daily papers. I did not know that Mr.
Farley was accused of murder until yes-
terday, when I accidently saw an old
copy of the 'News', giving an account
of the preliminary trial. I believe that
is all." she said slowly, "unless one of
the men who saw Mr. Farley sitting in
the park is in the room and can testify."
For the first time her glance wandered
over the crowd. Instantly a tall young
fellow sprang up.
"It was I who spoke to him."
There was cheering and a great com-
motion in the court room for a few min-
utes and Farley's friends gathered
around him with congratulations.
When Frank Farley led Helen from
the witness stand she looked pale and
sick, and her cold fingers trembled in
hii clam .
"Let us hurry," she whispered, "I am
"And no wonder," he muttered as he
pushed his way through the crowd.
He took her to the sheriffs room and
seated her on a lounge.
"'ere is some of that coffee you
couldn't drink. Try a liilc now. It wad
so hot in there no wonder you're used
up." He fanned her vigorously with a
paper. "You feel better now, don't you?
Rest yourself a moment while I phone
to my wife to bring the carriage and
we'll take you home and make you com-
"Oh, no! You must not, indeed you
must not!" she cried excitedly. "I could
not endure it. I feel as if the least bit
more of excitement would kill me.
Just telephone for a carriage and I will
go to Mrs. Graham's, she is expecting
me. Mother will be here to-night. I
shall be all right iq the morning, and
then I'll be glad to see both of you."
And he did as she wished.
In the morning Helen received a note
"Helen. dear, brave Helen, come to
the rescue once more. Dick is so re-
mirnc[fully despiraidly mijcrabkE ihai I
fear for him. He leaves town to-night;
he is going to Arizona-he knows not
where-perhaps to Alaska. In his pres-
ent state of mind I fear some evil may
befall him. Helen. Dick is not a bad fel-
low; he has been wild, but not for the
past year or two. One little word from
you will change his whole life. Speak
that little word and make him and me
the most grateful of men.
P i. "He il coming to nay Eand-
Later Dick came and was shown into
the room where the lovers parted a
little more than a month before.
"To look at him one would think it
had been years; I can never forgive my-
self," she thought; noting his worn and
She, though pale, looked younger and
fairer in her thin white morning dress
than she had ever before; her eyes were
dark and shining, as though recently
washed by tears, and there was a sweet,
sweet look around her mouth.
"I came to thank you and to say good-
bye," he said, barely touching the little
hand she held out.
"Yes; your brother told me. Sit
down." She drew an arm-chair forward
and he took a seat while she stood be-
side him. "You are going away to-
The low, tense tone of her voice re-
called the scene in the court-room.
He sat looking out on the park. A
month ago the air was filled with the
fragrance of the China blossoms, and
now the boys were gathering the be!rirj
for their pop-guns.
"Dick,"she said slowly, both hands
clasped on the arm of his chair, "there
should be no shams or make believes
between us, should there?"
"No, no!" he answered hoarsely.
"Do you love me as you did?" Her
voice had sunk almost to a whisper.
"More-a thousand times more."
"Then take me with you, Dick."
The two little hands were clasped on
his shoulder now.
"Helen! How can I? I am not fit to
touch you. In the long days that I have
passed alone, I have realized how just
you were in sending me away, and now,
with this jail taint upon me, how can I
take advantage of your pity?"
"Pity! Oh, Dick! Do you think I do
not realize how true and honorable you
were in telling me of her? I love you
more and more for it. And, Dick. it
was my fault you were Put in iil-g-
it hurts me so to think of it! And if I
had not seen the paper you would not
have told and might have been-I can-
not endure to think of it! Say that you
forgive me and let me help you to for-
And he did!-Waverly Magazine.
ORANGE TREE PROTECTION,
If you ar protecting your orange tre or pinoepples
write us for prioe on our - ..- -
$2.50PERBJPROTECTING VENEER I2,5s PER.
CHEAPER THAN CLOTH OR LUMBER.
WOLFENDEN & COMPANY,
Sampson City, Floida.
WS THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
"Wat ar aborIgInes, pS?"
"Aboigines, Bobby, are people who
act all the time the way you do when
we have coilimny."
"Uncle Jon," remarked Dick, "is the
Bhest attdinaer speaker I ever knew
-Why," said his friend, with some
astonishment, "I never heard he had
any ability in that direction at all."
"Well, he has. I've dined with him
several times at various pes, and
after dinner .,e always sy, 'That's
all right, amy boy; I" pay for It.' "-
COllea s Weekly.
Young Lady---"Mercy mel When fast
in the ungle you came face to face
with a tiger. Ooo! What did you do?"
Modem traveler (prounly)-"Photo-
rianec It"---N6Y Fg WooYIr
Mamas Taker-"What Is your age,
Mr. NeIghbor-"Did the woman
next door give her age?"
Mrs. Neighbor-"Well, I'm two years
younger than she is."-Chieago News.
Mis Lalu Finnegan-"I will give
yes me answer In a month, Pat."
He-"That's right, me darlint; tek
plenty av time to think it over. But
tall me.waa thing w-wii it kr r m
dith-"I can't see what objection
yqu fn hate to Mr. Tilson. I'm sure
he's a nice young man, without any
Bertha-"I know, but there is some-
thing about him-ir tell you what it
is. He is that kind of a man that al-
ways having his photograph taken."
"Why did you leave your last place?"
asked Mrs. Willoughby of the would-
"I hoven't left my last place," re-
plied the applicant. "I haven't had any.
last place to leave. I've been worrk-
in' for meself for six months, an' I can
Fsranng ml to y& very~ hoilh-
"Kirby would become famous If he
weren't so lasy."
"Oh, he will get famous yet."
"What do you mean."
"Why, he takes such good care of
himself that be will live to be one
hundred and be famed for that."
"Do you like your job?" "No," rep-ld
the editor, glancing wearily at the ax
which he used in case of poets, "there's
too much hack work about it."-De-
Good Suggestion.-"I wonder why
they don't name one of the new ships
the lMa~iowerP "What for?" "Why.
se that future generation can say
their ancestors came over in it."-Phil-
"What are you kicking about?" they
said to him, arranging their chips in
piles of ten. "You seemed glad enough
when we let you in." "Yes," replied
the hard lower, "but if you hadn't let
me in I wouldn't have been out."-
A rich ignorant lady, who was rath-
er ambitious in her conversational
style In speaking of a friend, said-
"He is a paragram of politeness."
"Eteuse me," said a wag sitting next
to bh "ilht g not 2 mean a paral-
"e oare I do!" immediately re-
plied the lady; "how could I have
made such a mistake?"
"I am doing a series of 'Notable
Nets' for 'Sylvan Society,' said the
the lingdove at home:: "will you al-
low me to include your?"
"But what possible interest can my
poor little eggs have for the general
public?" asked the Ringdove in a
"Why," replied the Serpent, "that is
no affair of mie, but you must re-
member that I have my living to get.--
Mr. Verrash Talker (who did not
cat* the name of his oartner).--"You
winaft lmaN blM a Well there's
one l in this wrld I hate, he's the
.ft r (in surprise).-"Why,
t6r Veritrash Talker (quickly).-
"Yes, of course-that's why I hate
him, lucky dog!"-London Fun.
The 8tarer.-"Were you always this
The Dwarf.-"Lord bless you, no. I
was an eight ot gaint till the panic
of '73 hit me. I ain't never recovered."
A little girl six years old accompan-
ied her mother on a shopping expedi-
tion one day. Noticing that they went
to a great many stores for one article,
finally on coming out without It, Mar-
"Why, mamma, you are so unsuit-
Maud-"Isn't the man you are en-
gaged to a speculator?"
Clara-"No, Indeed! He's a financier."
Mf ud-"How do you know?"
Clara-"He daint Bay tae eunas-
ment ring until after I had accepted
Bellows-"What makes you fear that
your son, who went to Australa, to
make his fortune, is dead?"
Fellows (with a sigh)--"He hadn't
written for money for nearly two
The Oeat Throgn Car U r From Flid
SI THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charlesto1U
To The Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY .via Savannah, OoC
Et lumbia and Washington.
via Ai Ball .
The Souther R'y via JeanD. Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Naahvllte via Mongomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi:l
The Mobile & Ohio . via Montgomery.
Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Tr anporta
tion Comvanv tor Baltimore.
To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
HAVANA STEAI lHIP CO.
NOVA SCOTA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BREOI NA STEAMAHIP LINE for Halifax, Haiwl-kbM
IE EDWAM and C1halottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN, EASTERN, WESTE N AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
a-ring kzas as-sa loom180a mited to return until Mar 8st with bsral gte*
over privllee i IIl Fl6Fd
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the UndOenrlne will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
For information as to rates, sleepin-ear services rervatios, ete., write to
P. M. JOLLY, Division Paeaer A ent.
138 Wet Bay Street, Aster Block, Jackasovillo, loBa.
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Sut. Pass. Trae Mag'r.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
si-inch barrel, weight 4f oonds
Carefully bored and teted Fa
.s, As asd .32 rIm-rf carirtidge.
Plain Open Sights, $6.00
Tart Sights, $80
Ak p our dealer fr the FAVO-
RITE" If he doest keep it we
will sed, prepaid, on eipt of
Send smump for complete eta
Ione showlag our full line, with val-
ble infoatio regarding rile
and ammuitioe i nea
J. STETVII AID TOOL CO.
_- p. s8o
CgOPm pAUS. m AM.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND- EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORIA.
Thence via Palatial Dmf 8taeamhip, s aa from tSavaak, Pour Ship eae we
to New York and maku sad oe uetlou with iew York-Bosta Ae or ioud Lofi
AM ticket agnts uad hoter suppaed with mostly m ing omiduim. Write
for general ioformata. slng chedae, stateroom ueurvtts, or al on o
BL U. INTXe S. Traes 1r.9 WAm w. MBAWKMUs e*a. Ass..
navauaa 2 smt.W. Day.Ot., JacksoMrek. Pa
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 647
John Boyce, a negro in Pensacoa,
flled -up on whiskey and became dis.
orderly. Poliee Omicer William Mar-
tin attempted to arrest him, and he re-
slated violently and made a motion as
if to draw a gun. Martin, thinking his
life was in danger, fired, the bullet tak-
ing effect in Boyce's breast, Just above
the heart. Boyce was taken to.the hos-
pital where he died.-Correspondent of
Times-Union and Citizen.
'Henry M. Flagler, the New York mil-
lionaire hotel and railroad magnate, ar-
rived in Florida' from the east last
week, and formally announced his cit-
Isenship in Florida by registering to
vote in the coming election. He is
building a cottage at Palm Beach and
registered in the West Palm Beach pre
cinct of Dade county. Mr. Flagler am-
nounced so9me amoath ago that he
would move his citizenship from New
York to this place.
Charles Cottrell made a successful
attempt a few days ago at photograph.
ing the setting sun. The photos are
now exhibited at his studio, and are
very beautiful in every detail. Sev-
eral Dolte were made u the au m. nk
lafia usa filn i* .L Si VS
a work of art The sun-set effect is
similar to that of moon-light. It is the
first attempt of this kind made by Mr.
Cottrell, and so successful was his
effort that he will make another at-
tempt soon. The pictures were made
from Palafox wharf.-Pensacola Press.
One of the urettlest pictures we have
seen recently was a photograph of six-
teen sea bass, out of a catch of twenty-
five, by Mebsrs. G. Loper Bailey, H.
Snow, and N. F. Collins. of Palatka,
and Mr. .H.Newell of Coroqado. The
twenty-five bass were caught at Red
Shell Thursday of last week, in three
hours, besides a number of trout that
were caught. Sixteen of them were
strung on a pole in front of the Sea-
side Hotel, and Photographer Merwin
made a picture o fish and fishermen.
The average weight of the sixteen
was twenty pounds each.-New Smyr-
Iff1B0 BIMWFFii iiduzstry is booming
In this locality; the acreage last year
exceeded the year previous by 60 per-
cent, and this year it will exceed last
by about 75 per cent. William Knight,
a young farmer just starting out for
himself, cleared about $300 last year.
Some others did nearly as well.
Wheeler McDonald, P. Sheffield and C.
B. McLean, who have recently re-
moved hete from Lady Lake, have each
large strawberry fields laid out for the
coming season, while E. M. Knight and
the Helnrich brothers have nearly.dou-
bled their acreage.--Mascotte corres-
pondent of the Time:B-Union and CItl.
Last Friday night Mr. W. M. Lour-
cey found a hog near the inlet that had
been caught on a fish hook. The hook
and line belonged to Mr- W HNewell,
wko liad left At t d lltti wMille on the
beach, when he hog came up and in
eating the .Bait the hook became fas-
tened in Its mouth and carried hook,
line and all off. Mr. Lourcey found the
hog and led it up to Mr. I6d Douglae'
and with his assistance removed the
hook from its moTth. We catch all
kinds of fish here, but this is the first
time a hog has been caught on a hook
and line. We have not heard whether
Mr. Newell or Mr. Lourcey claims the
honor of catching the hog.-New
In a few weeks more Manatee county
will be forwarding to the northern mar-
kets, In car lots, the famous Manatee
river oranges. The Manatee river or-
angor which mpnl a oranges grown any-
where in Manatee county, has no equal
In point of flavor, color or size, hence
It Is no wonder that the demand for
this fruit has always been greater than
the supply. The present crop is the
largest ever grown In the county, and
will foot up to between 175,000 and
200,000 boxes, but the growers feel no
uneasiness as to the price they will re-
ceive. Many growers have already
sold their crops on the trees, while
other are holding for higher prices or
will ship on consignments.-Tampa
LMr. J. F. Stewart, of the northern
part of Suwannee county, is suffering
from the bite pf a fox inflicted several
nights ago, and his friends are fearful
that the wound may result seriously.
Mr.Stewart was awakened on the night
in question by hearing a disturbance
among hi fowls, when he arose, took
his shot-gun and went out to investi-
gate. As he arrived at the fowl house
the fox, for such the marauder proved,
left the chickens and attacked Mr.
Stewart. biting him severely about the
ankles. As the night was dark Mr.
Stewart could not see the animal and
it had attacked him before he knew
its character or its whereabouts. Then
he could not shoot it but using his gun
as a club soon had it killed, not, how-
ever without ruining the gun.
There has been considerable specu-
lation over the authorship of an illus-
trated- pineapple article emanating
from Orlando, which appeared in the
New York Herald of September 16. It
was a well-written, illustrated and ex-
ceptionally interesting statement of the
pineapple industry of this place, and
attracted wide-spread attention. The
Times-Union and Citizen correspon-
dent has inside information that It
was from the pen of Mrs. R. M. Flet.
cher, a gifted lady, who stands high in
Ortlndo. The article In question is cred-
itable to the author and valuable to
one of the most successful industries
in the state. It really deserves to be
printed in pamphlet form and generally
distributed among prospective Florida
settlers.-Orlando cor. of T. -U. & C.
Tfhe Dove, a two mast schooner,
bound from Nassau to Jacksonville,
was beached near the lighthouse one
day last week. The Dove, in command
9f Capt Thys, E-4e2, a-ilgd up eagg
the inlet and signalled to the light-
house. Capt. O'Hagan, light-keeper
and Mr. Rod Douglass, bar pilot, went
to the mouth of the inlet and signalled
them to come in,-thinking it was a
light-house tender, but the schooner
paid no attention to their signal, and
as they had neither boat nor crew to
stand the heavy sea they could not go
out to them. About two o'clock the
next morning the schooner was beached
anti uItIB Inuilry1 It wase rounn tlmat one
was half full of water and the cap-
tain said that was the only chance to
save the crew, which consisted of nine
men, as they could not manage the
vessel and keep the water down.-New
BEWARE OF OINTMENTS FOR CA-
TARRH THAT CONTAIN MER-
as mercury will surely destroy sense
of smell and completely} derange the
whole system when entering it through
the mucous surfaces. Such articles
the mucous surfaces. Such articles
should never be used except on pre-
scriptions from reputable physicians,
as the damage they will do is ten fold
to the good you can possibly derive
from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, man-
ufactured by F. J. Chenoy & Co., TOlt-
do, 0., contains no mercury, and is
taken internally, acting directly upon
the blood and mucous surfaces of the
system. In buying Hall's Catarrh
Cure be sure you get the geninge,. It
Is taken internally and i made in To-
ledo, Ohio, by F. Cheney & Co. Tes-
Sold by Druggists, price 75c. per
Halls' Family Pills are the best.
"Oh, she has acquired' the pure food habit."'
WI "NCHE 8TE
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN
Imslt upon having them, take no othr and you will get the bt tshela s t moneycaa buy.
ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
- - - - - -
Florida East Coast Ry.
SOUTH BOUND (peed Down.) In Efeot Sept. 6, 190 (Read Up) ORT BOU1ND,
No.LI, o.M No.8s No.fttlo.li A0.1 ke
Daily Daily Daly No. STATIONS. No. Daily Daly
0 ex du Du
..... 4 1i Lv ....... Jacksonvlle ........ Ar Tp ifKl
S1Ar. S. Auguti .n...... Lv Sp 9 ......
g .... 6 1lt L ...... t. Augutin ...... Ar (eip O & ......
S 460p 1 .......... Hatin ........... Lv, 8" s ...... i ` 0
4a.a l 1p tnp Ar........ Z t Palata ........ t 8 ...... p 0
g . a 6Op In Lv ...........Pt.. P .... ... r i O ...
r . .. . ..A. .......... .eSu ......... L 1 p.... 0O ..... 2 p
". ..... e L ..........8an t.o..........Ar 7 p. ..... ......
5 .l . .. 8. 4 "......... .ort a l re............ p .1. ...... 5
S" .........m.n ...... 851p 1 ...... 0 o I
in a ...... p.........P. rt Orngie......... 8p 61a ...... Sp
2U ........New ,myam........." 3 Va 0a 2G
S..... ...... 31 .......... Hile ........... ........... 8
.... ........ * ..........J tC0 n .. ....... .. I ........... 09' -
1M! 2 sop
S.. ......... .."
S .. ... ..... ......... ......... p ...........
b ^~ ..i.......... ............ ......... p ............
...... ...... ........ ........... 1 ...... .....
............ .......... ......... ...... .... ..
.. ......... ........... ......... ..... ......
S............ ......... ..I .. ......".. s 10 ........... + _
e ....... .....
........ ..;..a.. J a p .. .......... i ...... ......
.II N ......^... 8sP nd ......... ............ P
S........ r ....... 1 ......... o
............ .. t fl ch ...... g .. ...........
S.................P...bo tu er............ .." ......
..... ...... ........ on t ....... ..." ............ .
41D d ......... a ......-...... c
...... ..... ............ w ol J i t ..... L v 7. ...... ...... %
Pulor OUar on Trains i5 and 78.
B.tva. n a.e$ omvlI. Pablo Beshb ula Mayort.
]ro.3iroo. NITIo.16 o 18..No.1i No.25
B a Dily D ly STATIONS .......ly. M ......
lo so p e 1 :.. ..... port ...... 8 6 ... I sO,..
e 8 A "......ablofleach..............l ......
PlrWOar onTrais 3 an 78
Ut-m Nw Srm mn mad Orangs
etween Titueviflo sad Baer&oid
no.1. STATIONi S. ei I .Lv...... ... iti.....
I -.., S t a .. l ........... b .........
^ ::....a O ...::::: : ? Lv 5 ............O ,..........
.... n Ofige City ........50 a" l.aRoti0RS.-
ABl terin beftwe Nrw Smyr and Oage All train beMtween Titusville aUnd adr
aity Juotton daily Sunmay daily Sapot S1da .
unmm Time Tsbles how thmes a whtda trsmy be O -lorriTVe a pr
from bthe a erl stations but their arrival r dWuta at th 6ime rot"L In t rw
ta rsmt tom any fo U iOU Ir dV or saw l f*
Peninsular and Occidental S. 5. Co.
CONNOCTIOMN AT MIAMI.
.* HAVANA LIN. -
..m.iundW t ............ 4A V6Mr. TKy d -d .....U .
SKe We O=t W didy........ ArpMn Key WAur WdnMvda. -,......... m.
-e in- thnWst l......Thur--Mn u. AT .-syiam ....... M
Lvae y WestThurbW .......... UD Antv nsyi .........
- KEY WEST LNE.
ai Fr-iday ............ 11... .. .t ........ a, .
S Key We at uadays. ........... p. Aa ..............
Peusasra for flavama leve s iasi 3 di Finesrl ur Ker w
1 a &a.. and remain in Key West usI- p-'n*.U y m and a01t-rr 14 11=
Jbr ew Or leal tlme a" adiream any Agss.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
,6.OOO9B 9 Passener Servie.
lrid To mae close connec-
r ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ tn wanti S st^R *u.iieamers leav
Nev York Jacksonvlle (Union de
pot) Thursdays 8:15 am
Phila- F. C. & P. Ry.)or Fernan
dins 1:30 p. m., via Cum
delphia & berland steamer; meal
o& On rete, or "all rail" viT
Bosto Plant ystem at 2:00 p.m
ar. Brunswick 0:00 pm
From Brunswick direct to rng der Oy arorivalm
New York. er.
PBOPOIBD AJIING8 forr Aug.. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICI GA., DIRECT TO NW YOR. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY &S FOLLOWS:
S. COLORADO.. .... .. .............. .. ...... ........... Oct. 12
S. RIO GRANDE .... .. .... .. ........ ... ............ Oct. 19
8. COLORADO ............... ............................ Oct. 2
8. RIO GRANDE ... ............ ..... ...... .. ..... Nov. 2
For lowest rates, reservations 4 tull information apply to
I. f. Taymon"d. A239t. rt 2aW t, J. FI.A
C. H. Mallory & o., General Agents, Pier 21, E. B., New York.
1 1 BT T N8
64S THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! A
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER BHELL FOR POULTRY.
PARIS GREEN and ansetleide Sa-
CUT TOBACCO BTEM8,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMB,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guarmteed ualesehed sad to em
tain all their fertlliing and inseeticde
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO., - Jacksonville, Fla
beyond My Expectation.
f. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertliser on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertillser they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tiliser as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
The Best Bsultas.
B. O. Painter & Co., JacksonviUe, Fla.
Gentlemen:-We have been well
pleased with all fertilizers purchased
from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
J. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvlle, Fla.
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti-
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 800 tons of
It a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
canteloupes and tomatoes and I. am o9
well pleased with results that I shall
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly,
DeLand, Fla., Sept. 26, 1900.
Reports Satlfaetory Results.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jackwosfile, Fla.
Gentlemen:-During the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables,
pineapples and oranges and we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom.
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers, and they also report
satisfactory results. Yours very truly,
Clifford Orange C.
Citra, Fla.. Sept 20, 1900.
One Copy Worth a Year's Slubmri
A. O. Palster & Co., JWsAkawwW~, F
Gentlemen:-I have considered you
state my future home and may get
there yet. The Agriculturist has gives
me more pointers than any paper I
have read, even for this and wmre
northern latitudes. Many an item has
been worth the year's subseriptlon.
W. H. Chaddock,
Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17, 1900.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
..".....E IDEAL" BRANDS
WhYrU HAVE THESE. *WWS
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ic
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE.............. $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all cross) ..........a7.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... a8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ .$3.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$3oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER .......................0aoo per too
All fertilizer material ai the lowest market prices. Askifor iur book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZEI5"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT J17..R COMPANY,
Pia Wet eamd Me ed dea Be, $18.00 pr ta. Dmavalamnd Guamn The Ideal Tobsmee ItlU re 44.00 pw tI