The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00037
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: September 12, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00037
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

T I A T; ?

SKi--t5 1900
l. i .,n riculture. l

Vol. XXVII, No. 37. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Set. 12, 1900. Whole No. 1389

(tps Culture.
Editor Florida Agricuatrist.
The success of the individual farmer
depends largely on the manner of ro-
tating crops and growing them at the
proper time, to the end that he may get
the most out of the land at the least
outlay of time and money.
Generally speaking, there is a period
in the late fall or early winter when
green feed is somewhat scarce, and
anyone with t6ek to carry- through
the winter, finds it very convenient to
have a rape crop at this period to turn
to. Calves newly weaned find rape an
excellent substitute for a short time for
the milk they have been used to, and
it is an agreeable break between a milk
and a dry ration. Hogs in process of
fattening, sometimes get a little off
their feed. If there is a rape patch
convenient to turn them in for an hour
or so every second day for a week, it
will completely restore their appetites.
It is excellent chicken feed chopped
up, and mixet with bran or shorts, in
fact, as a convenient all around crop
at the latter end of the season I don't
know of anything like it for general
A rape crop does best to follow a
root crop such as turnips or potatoes.
If the crop of sweet potatoco In dug
in October, rape is an excellent crop
to follow up with, as the digging of the
potatoes puts the land in excellent con-
dition for the crop. It is a crop that
really belongs to a cool climate, hence
the reason of its success in this lat-
itude as a winter crop. It will make
very rapidly, as in thirty-five to forty
rlea days trFm sowing the ased It la
ready for grazing, and the more it is
grazed, (but only for short periods at
a time) the better it grows. It likes
good heavy land, but of a sandy nature,
our best class of pine lands all through
th? ,?Fth are well adapted for it- It
is a voracious feeder and must be well
fertilized to do its best. The fertilizer
best adapted to this crop should ana-
lyze six percent phosphoric acid, eight
to ten per cent potash, and about three
per cent nitrogen, about a thousand
pounds per acre is none .to much for
it to do well with. Any farmer with
plenty of stable manure.can profitably
use same by top dressing land, and
plowing it under in addition to the
above fertilizer, there is something in
stable manure that suits rape, but it
will not do alone.
In preparing for this crop it is well to
bear in mind that the land must be put
in good condition, and a thorough seed
bed made for it. Some prefer to drill
it about thirty inches apart, while this
saves some seed and would be favor-
able for cultivation, it leaves too much
land exposed to the washing rains of
our winter season. Broadcasting the
seed. using about four pounds to the
acre, Is really the best way, and if it
at any time during the period of its
growth, gets in need of cultivation, a
weeder run each way will give it all
that is necessary in that line. There
are one or two peculiarities about this
crop that we must guard against.
owi run ito in spite of all youa It
will run to seed in spite of all you can

do to prevent it. October is the time
enough in this latitude. In feeding to
milk cows always feed it after they are
milked, this prevents the cabbagy fla-
vor it is liable to impart to the milk.
Horses and mules are very fond of it.
but they must- not get much of it, at
a time, and always mixed with some-
thing else.
It is a crop that will stand almost
any amount of cold weather and sud-
den chaneon of temperature affet-ta it
but very little. But this is when it has
assumed its strong rampant condition.
at the very first it is very tender. It is
like all other crops, it must have the
proper kind of fertilizer to do its best.
When it gets this, it can readily take
care of itself during any cold spell that
may come along, and that is what we
specially want on the southern farm.
something that we can always depend
upon, and rape fills the bill the best
of any crop that I know of.
C. K. McQuarrie.
DeFuniak Springs, Pla.
4 *

Our Pear Trees.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
What are you doing for your pear
trees? Are they not worth an effort
to save them, as well as the orange
There has not been too many raised.
Prices in eastern markets have gener-
ally been fair.
It is mostly the pear blight that has
set us back in pear culture. You will
find that there Is occasionally a pear
tree standing alone, that is not affected
with the disease. I have not lost a sin-
gle gse t tihe Le CUente VaF1sy tu fm
this disease or from any other cause.
I am following the advice of the de-
partment specialist at Washington and
with some encouragement.
Prof. T. J. Burrill has discovered the
oauoe of .?ealh P!i!fht to aF f misri
which can be taken from a affected
tree, kept for months, inoculated in
a healthy tree, the disease produced.
and in a tree so inoculated, the mi-
crobes are again found in abundance.
The diseased part of the tree pro-
duces a gum that oozes out during the
first growth of early spring, the bees
and other insects carry this from tree
to tree, during blossoming time and
thus extend the disease. Though it is
also carried to young trees and depos-
Ited on young and tender ttps. of the
Now, it can be eradicated and com-
pletely destroyed if proper measures,
both private and public, were carried
out. These measures are the removal
and destruction of all the diseased
branches, while the trees are in a dor-
mant condition, say in January, but it
is necessary to begin the work early,
say in October and keep it up till the
trees are about to blossom in March. If
all diseased parts of trees are destroyed
burned, then all the microbes are
killed and there is perfect immunity
from pear blight, until it is again
brought in from another infested
Now this malady is common not only
s rab appl, moutai f in; ash;, 1winy,
crab apple, mountain ash, swineberry,

and the hawthorns. So a close inspec-
tion of all these must be made and
treated as with fhe pear.
Now, I cannot conquer this trouble
even in my own orchard, while the dis-
ease is ravaging pear frees all around
me, because the bees and the birds, etc.,
will disseminate it.
Why should not the Horticultural so-
ciety take this matter up, and bring
about legislation that will be as effec-
tire as that against noxious insects anil
diseases that have been brought in
from abroad.
Read. Cause and Prevention of Pear
Blight, by M. B. Waite, Dept. of Agri-
culture, Washington, D. C.
W. H. Haskell.
Treatment of Hog Cholera and Swine
Dr. D. E. Salmon, chief of the United
States Bureau of Animal Industry, in
an article on this subject, gtves the fol-
lowing as some of the more recent con-
clusions In reference to the scourge
which annually destroys so many
swine. Coming from such a source it
is worthy the most careful considera-
With all diseases of this class pre-
vention is cheaper and in every way
more otifttifi-tol thnlB niMlil t(Bt-
ment. The great aim of the govern-
ment and the farmers should be, there.
fore, to prevent the spread of infectious
diseases. Every swine grower should
use the utmost precautions to prevent
the introduction of these plagues into
his herd. In spite of such preventive
measures, many herds will become in-
Before formulating this treatment, it
should be explained that a remedy
which will cure every case is not.to be
expected. Some forms of these dis-
eases are so violent and rapid that the
ani.lag f1o- dead almost before their
are observed to be sick. Under such
conditions, there is not time for
tile most active remedy to produce a
beneficial effect.
In many outbreaks the malady is less
virulent and there is time to treat the
animals after they are sick, and also
the whole herd after some members of
it have shown that they are diseased.
the most efficacious formula which
has been tried is the following:
Wood charcoal ....................1
Sulphur.... .... ...... .... .. ... .1
Sodium chloride ..................2
Sodium carbonate............. ..2
Sodium hyposulphite.. .... .. ......2
Sodium sulphate ..............1
Antimony sulphide (black anti-
mony).. ..................... 1
These ingredients should be com-
pletely pulverized and thoroughly
The dose of this mixture is a large tab-
lespoonful for each 200 pounds weight
of hogs to be traeted and it should
be given only once a day. When hogs
are affected with these diseases they
should not be fed on corn alone, but
have at least once a day, soft feed,
made of bran and middlings or mid-

corn or crushed wheat, with hot wa-

ter, and then stirring into this the pro-
per quantity of the medicine. Hogs
are fond of this mixture; it increases
their appetite, and when they once
taste of food with which it has been
mixed they will eat it, though nothing
else would tempt them.
Animals that are very sick and that
will not come to the feed should be
drenched with the medicine shaken un
with water. Do not turn the hog on its
baMo to atWnoen it, but pull the 1ahet
away from the teeth so as to form a
pouch into which the medicine may be
slowly poured. It will flow from the
cheek into the mouth and when the
hog finds out what it ls it will stop
squealing and swallow. In many of
our experiments hogs which were so
sick that they would eat nothing, have
commenced to eat very soon after get-
ting a dose of the remedy, and have
steadily improved until they appeared
perfectly well. This is particularly the
case when the disease is hog cholera.
This medicine may be also used as
a preventive of these diseases and for
this purpose should be put in tie feed
of the whole herd.
In treating hogs for these diseases,
it must not be forgotten that in nearly
all cases there is more or less inflama-
lion or tihe lntnrwe ofguual, anad -
ticularly of the stomach and intestines.
To treat such diseases successfully, the
animals should be kept dry and com-
fortable. The food must be such as
can be digested by the irritated and in-
flamed organs. When the hogs are first
found to be affected with hog cholera
or swine plague, the lot or pens where
they have been confined should be dla-
infected by dusting plentifully with
air-slacked lime, or by sprinkling with
a five per cent solution of crude car-
bolic acid. The animals should then
all be moved to new quarters. If pos-
sible. the sick and apparently well
should be separated before they are
moved and then put into different lots.
This is not essential, but it is an aid to
the treatment. The hogs should be
kept in dry lots, or pens, where there
is no mud and, above all, no stagnant
water. It is well to keen these lots
disinfected by the free use of air-
slaked lime.
It is not expected by this supple-
mentary treatment that the hogs will
be entirely removed from the influence
and attacks of germs. That is not nec-
essary. The number of germs which
gain access to their bodies may te so
reduced by following this plan, how-
ever, that the vital force of the sys-
tem assisted by the medicine, is e'lal-
cient to overcome them.
During this treatment the hogs gain
a marked degree of immunity. No
doubt this is the result of attacks of
the disease from which they recover.
This recovery in spite of the contin-
ued infection of the premises, and even
though the hogs which have gone
through the out break are apparently
well and thriving new hogs added to
the herd are liable to be attacked. For
this reason, five or six months should
be allowed to pass before any new
i; s u ;f bMu-;ii or anid brought on tae
premises or before any are sold to be

lT A. 1 -- ---.

put among other lots of hogs. Young
pigs born under such conditions in some
cases are liable to resist the infection
while In other eases they may suffer
severely or die.
If any hogs die during the progress
of the outbreak their carcasses should
be immediately burned or deeply bur-
led, and the places where they have
lain or the ground over which they are
dragged should be disinfected with car-
bolic acid or lime, according to the
method aircuid i5i9St! A.
Feeding Value of Corn-and-Cob Meal.
The question is often asked as to
which is the more valuable food, corn
and cobs ground together, or corn meal
alone? Prof. Plumb, in his "Corn Cul-
ture," says: "considerable experiment
in feeding has been conducted to throw
light on this question and very gener-
ally the information secured favor the
grinding or the corn and cob together.
It is assumed that the pure meal packs
I iRQ dagostlve organs and in not an
readily permeated by the digestive
fluids as is the corn-and-cob meal, the
cob making the mass more porous. At
the Maine experiment station, Prof.
Jordan fed two lots of Digs eighty-one
days, one receiving corn-ani-cob naint,
the other pure meal. There was but
little difference in the gain made by
each lot. Prof. Bhelton, at the Kansas.
station found that it required 650
pounds of corn-and-cob meal to make
one hundred pounds of gain when ted
to pigs, while it required 670 pounds
of pure meal to make an equal gain.
In a steer-feeding experiment, Prof.
Shelton also secured favorable results
from the use of the cob with the corn.
General testimony seems to show that
a pound of corn-and-cob meal has the
same Ieeding value as a j6ild 8f lT'1u
corn meal. In this connection it is im-
portant to grind the cob finely. The
writer has had difficulty in successful-
ly feeding corn-and-cob meal to
pigs when the cob was flaky and
1{reo, sa they refuse to eat it unless
well milled." Prof. F. E. Emery, in an
experiment at the North Carolina ex-
periment station, reported that a 100-
pound sample of North Carolina dent
corn ears gave 81.5 pounds of kernels
and 18.5 pounds of cobs. The analysis
showed 12.68 per cent of water in the
corn meal and 12.43 per cent in corn-
and-cob meal. From this data there
was found 11.35 per cent in the cobs
and 71.17 and 16.40 pounds of digesti-
ble dry matter were added to the 61.84
pounds digestible from the kernels.
This is equivalent to saying 10.31 per
cent of the digestible food in one hun-
dred pounds or ear corn; or, calculbtebl
on shelled corn it adds 9.84 pounds di-
gestible food in the cobs to the 75.88
pounds in one hundred pounds of corn
meal. This is an addition of 12.96 per
cent to the digestible dry matter in the
corn meal. These figures mean that
the corn crop ground as corn-and-cob
meal should go 13 per cent further than
if tile corn mcal alnii6 15 frl Pnll tll'
cobs wasted. Prof. Henry says that
a pound of corn-and-cob meal has been
found to have the same feeding value
as a pound of pure corn meal. "The
great predominance of testimony goes
to show that those who feed it are al-
most without exception pleased. I am
sure that corn-and-cob meal would
come into general use if it were not
for the difficulty of reducing the cob to
a ronurr dvgars~ tr flnnneoa for feed-

(Planting Life in Fiji.
When we think of ourselves and
our hard times, we are inclined to im-
agine that we are having a harder
row to hoe than any one else,
but when we become acquainted with
the misfortunes of others we then learn
that our hardships are dwarfed and we
have reason to be thankful that it is
no worse. The following letter ffom an
old resident of Fiji, published in the
4iadoniiifi Jfi iMgS, iells sNonUItIiiE of
troubles the Fiji planters have to en-
In the year 1867, on a fine and pleas
ant tropical evening, we dropped an-
chor in Levuka habor, after a very
enjoyable trip in the barque "City of
Melbourne" from Sidney. After a

short stay of two months in Levuka,
we left for the interior of Viti Levu, to
take up our residence and prepare a
futuw' home for our family: The fir8t
sight of our future home was anything
but promising, on account of uncer-
tainty of the feeling then existing
among natives and the denseness of the
timber land on which we had determin-
ed to settle. The nearest neighbor was
at a distance of several miles. Natives
were very treacherous and uncertain
IIn Ilmier dayn: aind y "ovo know how
to take them until it wia too f lat. I
remember distinctly the first time we
had to fire on them, when they started
to destroy the cattle fences; fortunate-
ly none were ever hurt, and I have as-
certained since that the shots were
fired simply to frighten them and had
very little effect.
"We secured the estate known in
those days as Nai Vuka, the boundaries
of which were two creeks, running in-
to the main river. Since then it has
gradually become an Indian settlement
called IIISaaBa., We cleared off the
dense scrub and bush, and had all the
land plowed up and planted with cotton
which certainly flourished in those
days and fortune smiled on us for a
vry nhgrt po u4?od until we witnessed
our first hurricane. It started blowing
a fresh breeze about three o'clock in
the afternoon, and gradually increased
in violence as the darkness came. We
sat around the dining table watching
the barometer closely and anxiously
till about two In the morning. The
glass showed 27.29, and we ihouglt it
advisable to take to the hills, as the
river was rising so rapidly and the
house collapsing on all sides. About
half an hour after leaving the dwell-
ing, the whole building fell in, carry-
ming destruction everywhere. When the
wind subsided, we ieft the hills to view
the damage; we had to man the whale
boat and row over the estate as far as
our former habitation, which then had
about five feet of water inside the re-
mains. Out of about ten buildings not
one rrinained e dandtBinui took refuse
under the.lee of a blown down bunga-
low and prepared a meal, the first for
twenty-four hours; and by night on the
third day we had a temporary resi-
dence erected. The main portion of the
estate was under water for about six
days, the men in the meantime, some
eighty of them existing by driving for
food on the plantation. It was a heart-
rending sight to witness the complete
destruction everywhere the eye could
see. Everything looked so well and
promising for a big crop, and in forty-
eight hours we were, comparatively
Drhifling, ppined-
"I have witnessed some fourteen nur-
ricanes since, but none to compare with
my first hurricane. Every planter on
the Riva river suffered very severely,
and it took them years of hard work
and economy to get their heads above
water and make another start. Our
firsf shipment of cotton, some sixty odd
eaosa, brought us only a Door return.
and barely palt tie expenses ol gain
ning, labor, and freight, and left us
such a small margin for profit that
planters gave up cotton planting. They
then went in for sugar-growing, which
also proved such ruination that many
growers were hopelessly in debt, and
they were unable to recover themselves
mainly because the first sugar-mill or-
dered did not come to hand, and the
crops were allowed to rot where they
WoI grown! and then hlurric-anc a Ni
did the rest,-it was indeed a case of
the last straw that broke the camel's
"The average cotton-planter expected
to have his fortune made in first years
at most. The truth is, that many a
planter is a man of birth, education,
and talents, a gentleman who would
be an ornament to any society, but hav-
ing the misfortune to have a limited
supply of money, not enough to main-
tain him in the society to which he has
been accustomed, he with the pluck
and enterprise of the Anglo-Saxon race,
throws himself into a far country to

bgttl- with the soil and wring a for-
tune from Mot6fr EPrt. UtlfoiFtuiltte-
ly Mother Earth is not always kind,
and many of these gallant fellows
are struggling on in poverty and debt,
though still gentlemen, and keeping a
firm face to the foe. Others are retired
naval or military officers, who during
the cotton excitement sold up retired

and thought in a few years to realize LOUl1 lAO CClPe
what a lifetime of professional exertion
would never have done. Professional
men abound; impatient of their slow TROUBLE THAT CANE TO A DOR"
toil in the colonies or the mother coun- CHESTER RAILROAD CLERK.
try, they rushed to the land of prom-
ise, and drifted into the position of B, Was Debmitated, Nte Bloode Tb3
planters. But the majority of success- Watery mad He was et Abl
ful men are the canny Scotch agricul- to .-How Ho lammu Health.
tourists, who simply invested their little
money because the land was good. We Mr. M. Scott, of 1848 Dorchester Ave.
have also the experienced, sturdy, but ue, Bosto, Ma., who Ia railroad freight
withall gentlemanly and well educated .lirk i, a well known and prominent B-
Austi-allans, who LFlIs dioapiptultd paslias, an a re sAi imlrs da =IwL
by the depreciation of squatting prop- on the Republican City Committee.
erty In their own colony, have come to Mr. Sott has been a suferer from a severe
woo success as squatters in a new form of general debility, and nervouemeas.
country. He is now in robust health, and attribute
this change to Dr. Williams' Pink Pill fr
Lttue. Bor Profit Pale People. In reply to question asked
in a SMant Inlarriew Mr. ais-lt!
Following is the substance of an in- About two years ago I Ifereg d
terview with Messrs. Nyland & Sons: general debility and I doubt if there was
"This is a good 'paying crop, and I anybody more utterly miserable thae I
do not see why there is not more of it was. I had no life or anel, and wa as
raised by parties having rich, moist depresed mentallysa I was wrn out phy
land. Any time after Christmla there ally. It was not at all unusual for me to
is a good market for it in any of the go to slep over my worLk. y blW W
northern cities, in winter it brings thi and watery, bt the worst of it all was
from $4.50 to $7.50 per barrel, accord- the dreadfl, wearyingnervou atnight.
ing to its quality and condition on ar- n I retired at 10 o'~lo oaid
riving at the market. f~i ad tan till wll
"In planting lettuce it is very necea- vl IMi t ra r-s;
sary to have rich, moist land to make and when I awoke t
a success of it. A pound of seed, cost- itht a -n of
ing 80 cents, and $50 worth of good nmg of. I l a l
commercial fertilizer will constitute o much flesh that I t
the first cost for an acre. The fertil- down to 11 ou
izer should be strewn broadcast, and = l vrb d wAt a ir.
should be harrowed in well. The f If od.
seed are planted any time in the fall tf id anuadm try
after the rainy season. We generally Dr. Willias' Pink
plant from October 1 to December 1, Pills for Pale People.
making about three plantings at even hoa t eep. I had previouslytrie
intervals, so that we can have good let- many different. unde of remdies and had
tuce at all times during the season, consulted three physics buet thele
which runs front just after t1 li l 51- pletalyd~C we. y b a oer,
days to about April 15. andIied the medicine.
"In preparing the land, after scatter- By the time the second box was began
ing the fertilizer, it should be plowed there wa such evident lmrevement that I
about three times; then throw the soil continued taki thm till the ninth
in beds about eight feet wide, raking when I ft that I was entirely cred. I
tho ton of those off smooth with a gar- voih 15 und. Thell me sign of nr
len rake, and marking off rows about am able o enjoy ii oneemoe. MUr. Se
one foot apart on the beds, each row wa feeling a little ran down fw weeks
being about one-half inch deep. Plant W .g but she immediately bg taking Dr.
the seed in these rows about one foot Wiliams' Pink Pills for Pile People mad
apart. After the plants are up about suls rthg te didbs."
an inch and a half, thin them out to (dfri ed) C. M. Boor.
one in a hill. This will leave about Dr. Wlliams'Pink Pills r PalePeople,
44,000 plants to the acre, which if are an unfiling specify fir f h diaesei
properly worked with good soil, will as ocomoto atTia p partialjsi, .
yield from 400 to 500 barrels to the Vtkm, eros, ihedta he, the srhi eb
acre. of the grip, palpitation of the heart pal
"After the plants have been thinned and olow complexions all farm of wea
keep the ground well stirred between newr either in male or male. o by an
the plants with narrow hoes, and weed dealers, or sent direct from Dr. I
often, sy one in every ten days be Medicine Co., hene Y., 8 "W
caufe-A t. utn. m w NiWT Wag InF & I...

cause tLIS xBla mua l t ou wt TU
quality and price of the lettuce.
"A top dressing of nitrate of soda is
highly beneficial. This is put on about
the time the plants begin to head, scat-
tered on top of the ground between the
rows( sometimes we hoe in) in quan-
tities ranging between 100 and 500
Pounds to the acre, 100 pounds in some
instances increasing the yield fift
pounds to the acre. This si put on to
make the lettuce head solid, and does
not cost more than $50 per ton.
"In about three months from the
seed the plants mature, and we cut
them. The work is done in the cool
of the evening, if possible. In cutting
leave about one inch of the stem on
the head, as this keeps it fresh and
makes it carry a great deal better.
"In lachilne be omrei t' have the
heads perfectly dry. This is essential
to get them to the markets in good or-
der. Take the head and draw the
leaves up around the top of the head,
and pack them in rows around the bar-
rel. with their tops down, and be sure
to pack them very tight. From 35 to
100 heads will go In a full barrel, 80
being about the average, and we find
that the medium sized, solid heads, sell
the best. Ventilate the same as for
beets, by cutting four slits in the side
of the barrels, each about two inches
wide and probably sixteen long. We
ship our crop in half-barrel baskets
that are specially devised for lettuce.
Thilge cai fi fig!alQ _anywlire in tile
state, and make a very neat package.
Bear in mind that it makes a differ-
ence of $1 per package if they are put
up nice.
"The varieties which we find sell the
best In the market are the Creole, or
White- Cabbage. These generally bring

about twice as much as any other va-
riety. We realized about $2.25 per bar-
rel net. An acre will yield from $600
to $1,000 net. A man near Gainesville
realized one year $1,400 net to the acre.
"We advise parties not having rich,
moist land, not to attempt to raise let-
tulod as they will not make a success

of it0"-TAMiea Dor. in Timet UIon ant1

An English actor, who died on the
road was shipped in his coffin to Lon-
don recently by his manager as "theat-
rical properties." This cost $4, where-
as if he had gone as a corpse the cost
would have been $60.

For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession n this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that or any other anmcslast. use
pronounced hopeless by other phyi.
clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He. makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at-his office or by
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.


Root Trimming and Pruning the
When two years old a pecan tree will
have from twelve to eighteen inches of
top and from thirty to forty inches of
root. Before planting, the tap-root
should be cut fifteen or eighteen inches
from the crown, or back to solid wood,
and the small injured roots removed.
The same should be done, proportion-
ately, with one and three year old trees
If they are set.
It appears to me that it would be an
excellent practice on the part of our
nurserymen to root-prune the pecau
trees in the nursery row. I would sug-
gest that this be done in the fall, after
the trees are one year old. It could
easily be accomplished by running the
tree digger down the row at a depth
of nine or ten inches. The tap-roots
would thus be severed, and the follow-
ing spring the trees could be worked.
This course of treatment would Insure
. greater success in transplanting, as it
would have a tendency to develop the
lateral roots; and, In addition to thal.
it would, in all probability, induce
earlier fruiting.
The statement that the tap-root of the
pecan should be left Intact is perhaps
one of the reasons why this valuable
tree has not been more extensively
planted. Is it not high time that this
horticultural superstition be laid aside
with many which have already given
away to common sense and reason?
Were It not that it seems to be so
deeply rooted in the minds of many
people, I should pass it over.
Two reasons have been advanced
why this practice should not be adopt-
ed. The first of these is that the tap-
root Is necessary to hold the tree
in it? .splr th it x _na-t ot x
whelmed by the wind. Again, ithi
large underground development is nat-
ural to the pecan, and, when once re-
moved or injured, the tree, according
to some, would never bear at all, or
only Indifferently, according to others,
and from that time on the tree would
be useless, except as an ornamental
or as a shade tree.
Turning to the question of produc-
tion, is found that the cutting of the
tap-root produces no injurious effect.
In fact it is altogether likely
that the cutting of the tap-root
brings the tree into bearing earlier, and
In nowise has it any detrimental effect
either on its productiveness or its gen-
eral health. Mr. Bacon's bearing
groves at DeWitt, Georgia, are now
twelve, thirteen and fourteen years
old. The tap-roots of all the trees were
cut at a distance of from twelve to fif-
teen inches from the crown when set
out, There in certainly no reano to
complain of the quality of nuts borne,
and in regard to quantity the same is
true. Many of the trees have been so
heavily loaded that the branches have
broken down. In 1876 Mr. G. M. Ba-
con moved two trees at Baconton,
Georgia. These trees were six years
old and well branched. How long their
tap-roots were, would be hard to say.
Wishing to move the trees, and think-
ing they would be useless if their tap-
roots were injured, he started the men
to digging them up. They dug down
ten feet, and not coming to the end of
the tap-roots, they were cut off at that
distance and lifted out. The tap-roots
S were then cut squarely off, four feet
from the crown with a saw, the tops
pruned severely, and trees planted out.
Today they are large, well-developed
trees (thirty years old) bearing heavy
crops of excellent, full-meated nuts.
I do not deem it advisable to prune
Sthe tops of one and two years old trees
at the time of setting out. as there is
always a tendency toward the develop-
ment of several shoots, and it is not
essential to the welfare of the tree. If
larger trees are transplanted, it will be
necessary to cut them back.
Aside from the pruning required for,
the formation of the head, the top of
the pecan requires very little attention
in the way of pruning. Usually the
top is allowed to take care of itself.
but it would be particularly desirable
to bring the bearing surface of th, tre
somewhat closer to the ground. The
head may be started at three or four
feet from the ground, and as the
strong, upright center branches make
their growth they should be cut back,
inducing growth in lateral branches
and giving the tree a rounded, sym-

metrical top. Other than this, all tte
attention the tree will require is the
removal of any dead branches which
may happen to be found.-Bulletin 54,
Florida Ex. Station.
4 0
The Harmless Bull Bat.
A very popular sport this summer in
all parts of Florida is the shooting of
bull-bats. The practice or pastime is
indulged in by men and boys of every
community. The weekly papers in the
various localities give the news of this
sport in their columns, showing the
wonderful records of the week. There
seems to be no real sport In the killing
of these harmless night hawks, as any
ordinary man is supposed to make a
record of from 50 to 150 in a day. There
would be just as much genuine sport in
killing buzzards in Florida as in killing
bull-bats, and south Florida has more
buzzards than any other section of this
country. The buzzards are protected
by law against any violence from man.
The Star believe that the bull-bat it
justly entitled to the protection of the
law as the buzzard, and would like to
see such legislation enacted by the next
legislature. The bull--bat feeds on
mosquitoes, gnats and other annoying
insects. He soars in the air hundreds
of yards above the earth and suddenly
darts downward, utters a strange bel-
low, falls into a swarm of mosquitoes
or gnats, devouring hundreds of them
at a gulp., by a peculiar suction of his
throat, at the same time uttering a
most eccentric shrill noise, when he
rises majestically and soars in the air
again. Every boy in the land has
watched the bull-bat and listened to his
bellowing and shrieking noises. Ev-
er.y body has wondered what the bull-
bat was acting s so airangely for, and
he was told that the bull-bat was only
feeding himself on mosquitoes and
gnats. If there is any excuse for kill-
ing the bull-bat The Star is not aware
of it.--Orlando Star.
(The bull-bat should be protected by
legislature. It is one of the very best
feathered friends man has, and does
not injure a thing that is of service to
him, but devours many of his tormen-

Velvet Beans for Hay.
Last year and this I have made my
hay of velvet beans. Cut as soon as
dry in the morning, turn over once or
twice during the day, take in before
night, and finish curing in racks in
barn. I consider it fine hay. Last year
I cut it after the beans had formed.
My mare would not eat the bean pods.
which I left on the vines, but ate the
hay greedily. A neighbor's horse that
I put in the mare's stall ate greedily
the pods with the fuzz on, which my
mare would not touch.
This year I have cut the beans be-
fore blooming. The hay is fine, but I
find that many of the vine stubble die
after cutting, instead of making a sec-
ond growth, as I hoped. Will not some
one who has had more experience with
the velvet bean as forage please tell
us the best way to manage it? Has
anyone else had trouble with the stub-
ble dying?
. Dose anyone know of a really suc-
cessful velvet bean thresher?
I find my mare will not touch green
velvet bean vines until after they be-
gin to set fruit, but from that time on
she is very fond of them. Is that the
general experience?-John J. Haden, in
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.
"Do you like fiction?"
"Well. I generally enjoy my hus-
band's letters whether I believe them
or not."
4 *
Summer Heat.-This is the season
for bowel complaints. Green apples
and cucumbers produce them and
Perry Davis' Pain-Killer cures them.
To the troubled stomach it comes like
a balm, the wind is assuaged, and the
trouble ceases. Every druggist in the
land keeps Pain-Killer, and no one
should be without it in his family.
Avoid substitutes, there is but one
Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price 25c,
and 50c. 3

Corn, Hay, Oats,

And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.

Oats, 125 pound White Clipped -

Oats, 125 pound Mixed, -

Corn, II0 pound Mixed, -

Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks

Hay, Number I, -
All F. O. B. Cars Jacksonville.



- .22

- .95

- 88

Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feedstores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots.-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied-by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.

Florida Grain & Feed Co.,

Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.

This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.

__ _PLANTING._____
E da-sAzarTvlia Fi::
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacdk vllme, Fla.

JW MgaggeW f Pasenger Service.
lO id To make close connec-
F 'lor i tons with steamers leave
New York S Jacksonville (Union de-
Spot) Thursdays 8:15 a. m.

delphia &
From Brunswick direct to
New York.

(F. C. & P. Ry.)or Fernan-
dna 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
berland steamer; meals
en route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
ar. Brunswick 11:0 p. m.
ongtretly a.oar stem

PeMO3BD-SAILINQS for Aug.. 1900.
S. S. RIO GRANDE... ...... ......... ....... .... ......Aug. 3
S. S. COLORADO ....................... ...... ...............Aug. 10
S. S. SAN MARCOS.................... ............. ........Aug. 17
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, ila.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernandtna, Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co.. General Agents, Pier 2 E. R., New York.

$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed von must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTUUIST you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price or one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
tine.. .......... .. .... .10 Thornless.. .......... .10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... .5
Pod.................. .10 Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .10
Dwarf German Black Grifing's White Wax.....10
W ax................ .10 Peas, Alaska.. ...............10
Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma............... .10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.......... .5
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse .. .. .. .5 Ruby King.......... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .......... .5
nip............ ...... .5 Griffing's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. ................ .5
Wakefield ............ 5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. .. .
Early Summer........ .. .5 Tomatoes, Beauty ............ .
Griffing's Succession .... .5 Money Maker............5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Grifflng's Golden Ball.... .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching... .10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .....................5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


Strawberry Culture.
None but a closely observing man
will realize the necessity of drainage in
our sandy soils. Sandy soils are usual-
ly termed light, because they are not
adhesive and are easily scattered
about; but a cubic foot of sand is
heavier than one of clay or any other
soil whatever. The roots of growing
plants find this out; tree roots find it
out, as they often come to the surface.
run clear out on top of the ground, be-
cause of the difficulty in forcing them-
selves through the heavy sand.
Now, take,a strawberry bed eight or
ten feet wide, with a furrow ten inches
deep on each side of it, a person not ex-
perienced in sandy soils would sup-
pose such a bed narrow enough, and
that it would abundantly provide for
drainage. It will provide for drainage;
there is no question about that. Yet,
after the plants have grown awhile,
let us examine them carefully. Those
in the middle of the bed. which is the
driest part of it and the lightest
part of it are the most backward
on the bed. The row right along the
edge of the bed, with a ten inch fur-
row sloping down below them, are the
finest on the bed. The center of the
bed naturally receives the most culti-
vation and fertilizer, but in spite of this
the outside plants are ahead. Exam-
ine further, and it will be found that
the surface on the slope is full of little
roots, while the surface on the level
does not contain a third as many. Why
do these rootlets seek the sloping sur-
face. No doubt it is because the earth
there is not packed so hard by the rain
as it is on the level; also, because the
slope has not been disturbed so much
by cultivation .
Now, here we have a very plain hint
from nature. These feeding roots crowd
into the friable earth on the slope to
such an extent that many are pushed
entirely out of the ground and run
along the surface. Then the best thing
we can do is to give every row of
plants at least one sloping surface for
its roots to revel in. Two would be
better, it it were not for consideration
of drouths. If each row were planted
on top of a ridge, like sweet potatoes,
in very dry weather it would be too
dry for such a moisture loving plant
as the strawberry. We can compro-
mise by making a bed wide enough to
contain two rows of plants. There may
be soil in which even a two-row bed
would be too narrow, unless it were
made very slightly elevated.*The straw-
berry is a mountain plant, and the
nearer we can come to giving it a slope
to grow on the better it will be pleased.
It does not relish a flat situation, as a
stalk of sugar cane does.
One thing more: Let the grower plow
a little "land," about twelve feet wide,
and do it two or three years, until each
side has an upward, slope of a foot or
so. Let this land run east and west.
Set plants on the slope facing south,
and at the same time set them on the
slope facing north. The plants on the
southward slope will produce 25 per
cent more berries than the northward
slope, and they will ripen two or three
weeks earlier. We state this from ex-
Humus is a great matter. In its prop-
er place we give it unstinted praise.
But that place is not in a patch of
strawberries which is desired to ripen
early for shipment to the northern mar-
ket. To illustrate our meaning, we will
give a bit of our own experience In oui
plantation, which was set in young
trees, it was necessary to make the
strawberry beds conform to the orange
beds; and to do this we had the earth
turned toward the trees three times
with a one-horse Texas Ranger plow.
But we soon discovered that these beds
would be too wide for good drainage,
the orange rows being over twenty feet
apart so we had smaller beds, about
ten feet wide, thrown up between.
These smaller intermediate beds were
apparently almost pure sand, as veg-
etable matter had been peeled off and
worked over into the main beds,leaving
these intermediate beds to be created
out or tihe suroil of fic 8SSa3 MY' w-N
To our surprise, these intermediate
beds produced the earliest and largest
berries, though fewer of them; and
the plants on them were smaller and
did not continue to produce berries late
in the season as the larger beds, which
contained more humus. Now, if there

are two qualities which the strawberry-
grower desires above others, they are
earliness and firmness. The organic
matter in the main beds gave a more
voluminous growth of foliage, and for
that very reason did not bring forth
berries so promptly as did the compar-
atively small plants on the sandy, light-
colored beds. The latter seemed to ab-
sorb more readily and respond more
completely to the potash and phosphor-
ic acid of the fertilizer that did the
large, showy plants on the beds
which had the nitrogenous matter.
We believe that, for early, hard,
large berries to ship to the north, old
land which has had the humus pretty
much cultivated out of it, is best. Ob-
serve, we are not saying a word
against humus for the production of
berries for a home market, where ear-
liness is not so essential, or for cereals
and forage crops.-Farmer and Fruit
( rower.
Milk vs. Meat.
Milk, either sweet or sour (butter-
milk excepted), will almost completely
supply the place of meat for fowls.
If one has a number of cows there
is always an over supply of skim milk,
which hardly pays to carry to market,
but which pays many times over its
cash value when fed to the hens.
All stale bread and table scraps
should be mixed with the milk and fed,
while a pan or trough should be kept
handy where the hens may go and
drink when they feel so inclined.
Whole oats soaked over night in
milk. and fed next day, are a most
excellent egg producing food, and may
fed freely without any fear of produc-
ing too much fat. Little chicks when
fed on milk grow fast and feather rap-
idly, and seldom have gapes, or ap-
pear droopy.
Skim milk pays better when fed to
hens than when fed to hogs, and since
it is always easy to be had, while
ground bone is scarce and often rather
expensive, we see no reason why the
hens should not be supplied first from
the surplus supply.-Farm and Home.

Ojus, Fla.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen: Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly,
H. R. Speed.

Usually, when you pass two women,
you can hear one ask, "Did you make
it without a pattern?" Athcison Globe.

How To

Gain Flesh

Persons have been known to
gain a poem a day by taking
an ounce of SCOTTS EMUL-
SION. It is strange, but it often
Somehow the ounce produces
the pound it seems to start the
di estie machinery going prop
ery, so that the patient able
to digest and absorb his ordinary
food, which he could not do be.
fore, and that is the way the gain
is made.
A certain amount of flesh is
necessay for healthI if you have
not got it you can get it by

You will filnd t utas msfl in inter
as in winter, and If you e thriving upon
it don't aop beae wemthr i wwm
soc.a nd$.o, alldruggista.
SCOTT A BOWNE, Cmists, New Ye*ak

- --


( "Iowl^ l' rrlm/r/"R 'llepmtfTr"
4 Inist upon having them, take no others and you will get the best shells that money can buy.

Florida Fns.t Coast Ry.

UUTH BOUND (Read Down.)




In Effect Sept. 6, Im.

No.a No.6 .
Datly Daly No. ., STATIONS. No. 28.
U Ia L ........ Jacksonville ........ Ar
SUl Ar ...... St. Augustine .......L
i 11 15Lv....... St. A utine..........Ar
Sp11la ......... a .......L..
i2plilispAr Bast Palatka.
p 13 Ar....... Palatka......... Lv
5p i Op PLv .........Palatka Ar..........A
7flp .. Ar ...........baMateo..........L.
S. .. 5 Lv ........ San Matso.........Ar
p 1 6p Lv ....... Est Palatka........Ar
74p 1Sp ..............O nd ...........L
s p ..........P Oran ........... "
elp i s ........New am ........
....... 8sp .......... Oask 1..........
...... ......... .Ttus le.........
... .......... ity Point .......... "
...... .i_ .......... .leOaM .......... .
...... .. .... o ..........
...... 4ip .........at. eie .........."
...... r .........Melbourne.........
...... 6 ........... ..Boe land...........
..... "..... Sebatian .......... "
..... i "..... ..... t. tuie ..........
p .........Fort Pierce..........
6 p" ... ..bbob .............
...... ............. den ............ "
...... ............ Jense ...........
..... ............Stuart ...........
..... ......... .BobeSound.........
S7 J...... t piter........
......WestPal n Beach.......
e .. .......... Boynton ..........
Delray .............
..... o ...... ort Laderdale......
. LOp ..... .Lemon City .........
..... 10 l Ar............ Miai ..... ....Lv






p. W

P 0



Buffett Parlor Ors on Trains a5 and 78
Betwea Jacksonville Pablo BeaI aud XMayort.

No.27 No.3INo.l7INo 11a
Sun Sun |DailyiDail|
onl only elxuleasul


No 1, No.18 No.28
-lex SuI only

6Mp p SOtp- 81ABrT0ac ..............Jksonville.................Ar 7 1pS pI ...
8 A .............. Jcko nvlo e ...............Lv 7 37 5 ......
7TOp 8gp : ...............518 Pahoi Beach. ........ 710& 42 Sp Ii.
T7a I eOi p ......... ....Mayport.............. .61. 4500p p....
Betwese Nw aIlpma r d Ora0m Betwom Tituvill awl Saafre.
.1 8TATION& No. Lv.......... Tituavile.......... A
city Jamoti es. STATION S *1
M LT, ......... Now ft ......... L ? ......... lm .............
S" .......... ...A SLv .... M....m..... LL. .......... .. 1 5
I ........-tteroia.......... ia
BOOlpAr ...OrM eCityJunotlon... I61 Ar ........... Soford.......... n WO
All trains -etween NI w 8myraa and Orsage All trains between Tituaville and Sanford
City Junation daily except Sunday. daily except Sunday.
Thle Time Tbles show the timm at which trains may be expected to arrive and depart
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is not guaraft-
teed. nor does the Compmy hold itself responsible for any delay or any consequence aris-
Ing therefrom.

Peninsular and Occidental S. S. Co.
Leave Miami Tedy..........11.. p. m. Arrive Key Wet Wednes-lays ...... .lO a. .
Lave KeyW.t Wednesd ..... 0 p.m. Arrive Havana Thursday .......... Oa.m.
Leave Havana Thursdays............10.0a. m. Arrive Key West Thursday ........ 810 p. m.
LeaveKey Wet Thursday......... 0 p. m. Arrive Miami Fridays............... 0. m.
eve Miami Fridays ............. m. Arrie Ky West Sturday.........100 a m.
vX yW West lmday............ .8lp. m Arrive imi Mondays ........... &a. m.

Phnggr for Harana can leave Miami Fridays ll.O p. i.. arriving Key Weso Batudays
1U DO a. m., ad remain in Key West until oDO p~,. Sunday following, and at that tie leave
an the Steamship "Olivette," arriving Havana monday morning.

er copy of local time e d address any Agent.


If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 100
pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar- 1
anteed to be unleashed. S ud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. Q. Painter & Co., 7rA cheaper
Jacksonville, Fla. In the end than mar eeds
n rit only cost half as much.

for use In granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rat and gophers and to keep in-
sects from the seed. etc.
put up in ten and fifteen po aind ni5.
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jackaoavlle.

Plant your fall ad in the Agricultur-
ist. You will be pleased with the re-

S s *a m ity. Book oa
Ssol Treatmen t .e FntE Addre
0 M. WOOLLUY, M. D., Atlanta. O.

I^ ______ __ __ ~_ ~_____ __ __


__ "

_I _I I I

m m ON M I



All commtmications or enquiries for this de
apartment should be addressed to
.Fertilser Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Legume Manuring.
To the farmer or planter the word
legume means simply any plant belong-
ing to the clover family, such as the
various clovers, cow peas, Canadian
field peas, beans, lucerne or alfalfa, etc.
All these plants possess the power of
taking nitrogen from the air and chang-
ing it into such a form or condition that
it becomes available as plant food. Le-
gumes store this nitrogen in their sub-
stance only. They enrich the soil sim-
ply by making a growth of substance
fairly rich in nitrogen as plants go. and
directly or mintrety tanl substance
finds it way back to the soil as ma-
Legumes or clovers enrich the soil
only in fertilizer nitrogen, as this class
of plants, or any other class for that
matter, cannot add to the soil a single
pound of potash or phosphoric acid not
already taken from the soil in the
shape of the crop itself. There is no
potash in the air in the form af gas, nor
any phosphoric acid. The nitrogen
which legumes convert into plant food
exists in the air, in inert forms,-that
is, in such form that it is useless as
plant food. The clover plants, through
the aid of certain lower organisms.
take this nitrogen from the air and
combine it with oxygen making there-
by a substance which is suitable as
plant rood. so Tar as is now Known.
only the legume family of plants pos-
sess this property.
From the above, it follows that ni-
trogen may exist in such a state or con-
dition that though it may be present in
abundant quantities, plants cannot
make use of it. In effect, much the
same may be said of potash and phos-
phoric acid. As these two plant food
elements exist in the soil naturally,
they are of little use to growing plants.
Plant food must be soluble in the wa-
ter or the soil, In order to be available
as plant food. Now the natural soil
may contain enough potash and phos-
phoric acid to grow a hundred crops, as
shown by chemical analysis, yet fail
to grow one. This Is because this pot.
ash and phosphoric acid is locked up in
the soil in rock particles which are in-
soluble in water, hence the fertilizer
cannot take such form as to be useful
as plant food.
The importance of this latter point
is that legumes or clovers cannot as-
similate nitrogen gas unless certain
qauntitle of potash and phosphoric
acid are present in the soil in available
form. As legumes store up nitrogen,
they form vegetable growth-the nitro-
gen is a part of this growth and
the quantity of nitrogen stored depends
directly upon the quantity of this
growth. But this vegetable growth can-
not be made without the proper
amounts of potash and phosphoric acid
needed. The following table shows the
pounds of potash and phosphoric acid
required for every 100 pounds of ni-
trogen stored up by the legumes.
Every 100 pounds of nitrogen re-

Potasi AClI
Clover.... ....84 pounds 21 pounds
Scarlet clover. ..97 pounds 26 pounds
Cow peas .... 69 pounds 22 pounds
Alfalfa.. ......88 pounds 17 pounds
Canadian peas ..69 pounds 26 pounds
It will be observed at once that the
potash greatly exceeds the phosphoric
acid, whereas as a matter of fact com-
mercial fertilizers commonly show
quite the opposite proportions. It is
true that phosphoric acid tends to take
forms in the soil which place it be-
yond the reach of growing plants. At
the same time, equal parts of phosphor-
ic acid and potash certainly restore
the balance between the two elements,
and even more than restore it.
There is another point to touch upon
here. It is quite impossible for plants
to take u all th? plant food applied to
the soil; Indeed, the best authorities
practically agree that 50 per cent of ef-
ficiency is fairly good work. This
means that to obtain 100 pounds of fer-
tilzer nitrogen from the air, the follow-

ing quantities of potash and phosphor-
ic acid must be used:
Potash Acid
Clover... .. ..168 pounds 42 pounds
Scarlet clover ..194 pounds 52 pounds
Cow peas.. .. 138 pounds 44 pounds
Alfalfa.. ..176 pounds 52 pounds
Canadian peas.138 pounds 52 pounds
The point arises will it pay to use
such quantities of plant food merely
to grow fertilizer nitrogen-consider-
ing also that the phosphoric acid is
made eqaul to the potash.The following
table explains that potash and phos-
phoric acid cost the farmer about five
cents per pound, nitrogen, fourteen
cents. The first column shows what
plant foods cost at most, while
column two shows what the nitrogen
gained, to which must also be added
the value of the potash and DhosDhoric
acid contained in tne crop:
Cost, Gain.
Clover ......... .... ..$16 60 $19 25
Scarlet clover .... .. 19 40 20 15
Cow peas ............ 13 80 18 45
Alfalfa.. ......... .. 17 60 19 15
Canadian peas.... .... 13 80 18 75
The table shows that under the most
unfavorable conditions legume nitro-
gen pays merely as a fertilizer prob-
lem. Of course the value of the crop as
forage or for other purposes is an ad-
ditional value gained. Certainly it is
important to note that this legume ni-
trogen is not all gain. It costs
something and if the potash and
phosphoric acid are lacking or improp-
erly porportioned, growing legume fer-
tilizer very easily becomes unprofitable
The farmer or planter must do his own
thinMng on this subject and mix it
with a good grade of common sense.-
R. Garwood in American Cultivator.
0 *
Utilisztion of Sugar Beet Waste as
No satisfactory process has been
found until recently for utilizing waste
materials which accumulate so rapidly
ly in German beet sugar factories. The
problems which were the most difficult
to solvo woro how to reduce to a Iuse
ful form the valuable ingredients re-
maining in the mass, how to obviate
the pleasant odors, and to dispose
of the dangerous waste water. These
difficulties were particularly felt in es-
tablishments which produce sugar or
alcohol from molasses, the residum.
known as brown lye or molasses dregs,
being a waste substance which it was
found difficult to dispose of satisfact-
torily. When emptied into rivers.
through sewers, it resulted in the death
of fish. When the lye was reduced
chemically the products of combustion
escaping from the chimney made of-
fensive odors in the neighborhood. It
was found that the manuring of fields
with waste materials of this sort is ad-
vantageous because the soil thus re-
ceives back in easily assimilable form
useful matter of which the beet de-
prived it in its growth, especially po-
tassium and nitrogen. This molasses
lye cannot now be conveniently used
with manure, owing to the large quan-
tity of water which It contains, which
makes its transportation too expen-
sive. It cannot be used in its concen-
trated form on account of its inconven-

Gently stiff and syrupy form. A process
treated tatff and asinpy form_ A proeoIa.
has been invented which obviates all
the difficulties named above. Molasses
lye is changed into a dry substance,
which can be stored and eventually
easily scattered over the field.
The United States consul at Magde-
burge states that a recent issue of The
Hanover Journal of Agriculture and
Forestry gives the following analysis
of the product; Nitrogen, 3.22 per cent,
of which 2.74 per cent is nitrogen sol-
uable in water (of this 0.7 per cent is
ammonia nitrogen and 0.09 per cent
saltpeter nitrogen); phosphoric acid,
0.18 per cent, of which 0.04 DOr cent isi
phosphoric acid soluble in water; pot-
ash (soluable), 10.74 per cent; carbon-
ate of lime, 25.99 Der cent.
The value of the manure is 3.05
marks (72.59 cents) per centner (110
pounds). It is said that molasses sugar
rennerles and molasses dlstilleries will
be able to secure higher net profits from
this manure than now result from the
manufacture of saline and potash, and
that the process is of considerable val-


Thousands Suffer From It and Do
Not Know It.
Hon. A. T. Wimberly, Collector of the
Port of New Orleans, La., and member
of the National Republican Committee,
in writing of Pe-r-na, says

Hon A. T. Wimberly,
* Pe-ru-na Drug g M'C1 Columbus, O.:
"Gentlemen-I have used Pe-ru-na and
can gladly recommend it as being all
you represent. I wish that every man
who is in need of a good tonio could
know of it. I would advise all such to
take it now, and am sure it would never
be regretted." A. T. Wimberly.
Pe-ru-na is an internal remedy-a
scientifo remedy for catarrh. It cures
catarrh wherever located. Its cures
last. Pe-ru-na gives strength by stop-
ping waste. By saving the mucus it en-
riches the blood. By cleansing the
mucous membranes it preserves the
vital force.

A constant drain of mucus from the
system is known as systemic catarrh.
This may occur from any organ of the
body. Systemic catarrh is more com-
mon in spring and summer than in the
I. Rachel A. Mrgaw, 67 West Jeffer
son Street, Springfield, Ohio: "Your
Pe-ru-na is worth its weight in gold.
I feel like a new woman. I can't prase
it enough. I spent a great deal of
money on doctors, but nothing ever di
me any good until I sent to you and
tried your Pe-ru-na. I now feel well o:
the catarrh."
Ralph W. Chulip, of La Porte, Inc:
says the following as regards Pe-ru-n
for catarrh: "I had been troubled wit
catarrh for the
pat eiahtyears.
I became so bad
ayearand a half
ago that I took
treatment from
t w o different
specialists on
catarrh. The
discharge from
my head was
dreadful. Fin-
ally my stom-
ach became affected, and eight months
ago I had to quit work. I lost in
weight from 106 pounds to 140. I was
completely discouraged. I procured :
bottle of Pe-r-na and had not taken
half the bottle, when, to my joy anm
surprise, I began feeling better. My
head began to get better the disoharg
began to dry up. I kept on, and have
now taken two bottles. I have resumed
my work, have a good appetite, and have
not felt better in ten years. I am now
90, and I thank Pe-ru-na for the way I
feel to-day."
For free book address Dr. Bartma
Columbus, Ohi.

ue from a hygienic standpoint. The in- and carefully cultviated, if plowed un-
ventor believes that the application of der will provide the soil with anywhere
the process can be extended to waste from 75 to 150 pounds of nitrogen per
materials of other industries and per- acre. If the same crop is cut off from
haps also to sewerage matter.-Scien- the soil not more than fifteen to twen-
tific American. ty-five pounds will be secured to the
* soil in the roots, stems and leaves that
Source of Nitrogea in vowp e are left on the ground."
The agricultural experiment station *
of Tennessee has been making some Newell Little-"Dudham isn't very
experiments with cowpeas as a rotat- brilliant."
ing crop with wheat. They upset the Newsome Moore-"Brilliant! Why,
generally accepted theory that the ni- he's considered a fool even in the
trogen is gathered by the nodules on smart set"-Puck.
the roots. On this subject the July
bulletin says: C T
"With regard to the use of the cow- 3 ,A I
pen as a nitrogen gatherer, it is lm- Parties intending visiting Cuba will
portant to explain that most of the ni- do well to correspond with me about
trogen will be found in the leaves of lands, etc. Use 5c. postage.
this plant. It is a mistake to think THOS. R. TOWNS,
that it is found in the nodules on the Quiebra Hacha, Cuba.
roots. A crop of peas sown in drills P. delRio Province.




Premium Offer No 1 ny one sending a S ib and
reiu0 will receive an open-face, stem-wind
and strm-ct watch guaranted by the manuf'tnrera for one ycar. Thoc who cho6r
the watch are not entitled to an opportunity to secure a Ton of Fertilizerfor $2. Send in
your subscriptions at once o THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvill, Fia.

Seed Fre Premium Offer No. 2--
Sr eft a nw sudbMat at $2U the ender
can select $1.50 worth of eed from the seed
Catalogue of Griffin Bros, Jacksonvill
Fla., which will be sent FREE. Those selecting sed are not entitled to a Ton of Fertil-
ier for $200. Send name to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksovill, Fla.


i iA Troads, but have to be renewed at least with other relies of the past In mem- two thirds, and the effect of this will
lTRMIHI A IULlUIP .T once a year. Pine straw roads are very ory's pigeon hole, to be examined oc- be felt when once they have got the
easy on vehicles and also on teams. A casionally and with reverence, as a grip of the market. Of course they are
esy on means of marking progress. Among anxious to avoid speculation, and they
Entered at the postofie at DeLand, Flor- buggy run on a pine straw road will the mass there will doubtless be found will endeavor by all possible means to
ida, as second clau matter last nearly twice as long as on either many nuggets of truth that are pure prevent it by having as few fluctua-
shell or paved street. The straw acts gold, others that need refining to elim- tions as possible consistent with the
E. O. PAINTER & CO., as a cushion and conseuently there is nate the dross. These should be sort- laws of supply and demand. They will
Publishers and Proprietors. ed out and saved. But what ever is also endeavor to control the shipments,
Sbut little wear and tear on the vehicle, there that is spurious, cast it on the so that no country-say, for instance,
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to Ai griatir fafict 1in5 ti aolalopmIit Puitulmi henap orf oli|in. ,ind theo sa thfe TIitv| htat__-wil be ahlo to ac-
the development of Florida and the best in- of good roads is the bicycle. The bi- to work accumulating a new store.- cumulate large stoItc. n e Lonaon
teresta of her people. cycle has become as much of a neces- Rural World. firm is already reported to have ap-
M peo r cycle has any wheeled vehicle for carr- (I, after you have examined your preached the controllers with the idea
Membersity as any wheeled vehicle for carry-sorted your good from of taking over the whole output, but
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION ing passengers. The wheelmen are lore ave sort your ootheoffer has not been entertained. The
Asriatd with the vastly more numerous now than those the bad, you come across any thing government has decided that no cam-
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION. who own buggies, consequently they that is especially good and which ex- phor manufactured in Japan will be al-
Sa m ite t n sng hat w perience tells you has been of help to lowed to be exported, as it will be re-
TERMS. are more interested n seeing that we yu do not be selfish and put it back quired for their own consumption, so
One ear, sinle subscriptio ............$ 2. have good roads. It is hoped that the y nt e e a put that henceforth all crude camphor will
Siz mnts sinle sbscriptio .......... L good roads movement that s spread- but take time to write it out and send be known as Formosan.
Single copy.................... .......... .0 ing in every direction will continue to it to us for pubcation. It may be the "Meanwhile Importers and brokers
ARYSaTI 2 .RI. t..e.Ly he ion lto for a means of helping some one who is are in a dilemma as to where they come
R Firmbif ij 09 pij9 Planh in, for, an the matter now stands. the
Rates or advestag frmn on appi"- wheelman or a horse and buggy to ml s [ nampar buin Lh boe idni
tion b letter or n travel from one end of the state to the which you once stumbled. You may out of their hands. At the present time
TO t a t other or across from east to west in be able to lighten his burden and save there is no business to be done except
Artile reltis to p ar tolie within the other or ac s from eaet to west him many bruises. The selfish man as regards spot stock, of which there is
cope of this paper an Solicied. any tier of counties and be able to trav-
t promie to return rejected mann- go o s does not really enjoy life, for it is only a air quantity here, especially in sec-
r rle siamps re endold. el on good roads all the time. This does not really enjoy life, for it is only d hands. It is estimated that the
A tomma i- ton for intended publication can be accomplished in the course of in helping others that we acquire real supply is suffcient to keep the whole
mu e ofood faith. No nono o years if the improvements that are be- happiness. If you know any particu- consuming trade going for about six
tribnmionwill be rr ng made now are substantial ones. In lar way of harvesting a crop, making months, as there is a stock of 2,000 oie-
g the harvest more assured, let your fel- uls on offer in the hands of the London
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoice some counties, the county commission- brokers. As it is, dealers here have al-
Moeylow workers know of It. The columns
Sr o ot be re- ers are paying one hal of the expenses lowworker ow The columnready advanced their price to 18, or
s sms se of s w= n W- se nMl aln property owner arc pying th of the Agriculturist are open to all ar- 58, over the Government price. Im-
ac asme used ehmsnoi must be added. tides or this kind, and ihe editor will pworteo n atMnEly 0geptlsal as to the
Onl 1end t ent smps a wen whe ehane other half. This plan seems to be a
Onl n s s a en e other half Thi plan seems to be welcome and feel grateful for the help working of the monopoly, and do not
To isre inertio, a advertisements for very satisfactory one and should be the extended.-d.) believe that it will put an end to spee-
thi=aper must be reeved by 1 o'clock means of making many 'miles of good nation. They also contend that junk-
Meolay mornina f me a. loads of crude camphor have been
Sscriber whn wrin to have the ad- roads through the state. Formosa Camphor monopoly. leds of crude camphor have been
dress of their paper Mh UST Camphor Moooy Ifsmuggled out of the island and con-
d ell a th a UST give the If the state of Florida continues to It will be seen from the following ar- eyed to Hong n, bt stringent
make the same advancement in road tide that the Japanese government has measures have now been taken by the
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1900 building in the next twenty-five years formed a monopoly of the camphor government to put a stop to such ac-
that she has done in the past five, it business of Formosa and hearafter the tons. Refiners do not seem so awk-
ga a will be a pleasure to travel in a buggy price of this drug will be greatly in- fixed e on the crude, they will
or on a wheel, and thabe greatly n- xed price on the crde, they will be
There is probably no state In the featu of the state,-bad roads--will creased. Florida can produce as good able to regulate te rte ref~iai & rily.-
Union where good roads are more need- be a ing of the past. camphor as Formosa or any other place However, they may have the Japanese
ed and more appreciated that in Flor- / \ on the globe and It would seem to be government as a ome ra r, as t
their intention to refine a certain
ida. There are some sections of the / A lierk ar take. that now is the time to put out these amount for their own consumption. In-
state where roads are easy to build The following article, while t trees. Get a young camphor forest deed, a parcel of refined from Formosa
owing to the abundance of rock close planned how a mistake happened, started as soon as possible and it will was offered at the drug auctions in
by, but tbs rt.atr Vat of the atat is shows how eagerly the Florida pine- not be many years before there will be February, and sold at ls. 10 per
pound. The establishment of this mon-
blessed with an abundance of sand appie is looked for. The iiMer I fls a demand for Uthe Icae to tfi, in1 uptoy can have but os& agmit ois itan
anywhere from one to forty feet deep, that there was to be a sale of 170 gum. The Chemist and Druggist of price of camphor, and that will be to
through which it is more difficult to crates brought out the trade en masse March 31st says: place it at a higher figure. Were cam-
make good roads. There is more at- and great was their disappointment "The interest of the drug trade this phor simply used per se for domestic
tendon now being paid to the develop- when t was discovered that the fruit week has been centered n camphor, purposes, no advance would probably
tension now being paid to the develop- when t wa discovered that t f news having come to hand that the occur; but t now enters largely into
meant of good ronds than at any time was from Havana. This would seem Japanese government have at last ac- the composition of celluloid and this
in the history of the state, and one pe- to be a goo alnication that Florida complished something d~ilite wit0 W- will affet many things.
culiarity about it, is the fact that af- grown pineapples need not fear the Ha- gard to the Formosan output. It was "Reports which have been received
most all the improvements along that vana or Porto Rico competition. The in June last that the government defin- from Formosa state that the island Is
itely assumed control of the industry, now settling down to sound industrial
line that have been made, have been New York Fruit Journal says: and in August they framed regulations development. The whole administra-
made since the freeze of '94 and '95. The Fruit Auction Co., in their adver- with regard to its working. Since then tion is being handled by experienced
Thfe ;u- "BForss* that time wan rery tisement in the Journal of Commerce nothing but vague rumors have trans- Japanese officials, and public works of
i CB afltB tiies wai Wetdneday, i~i biiid a g alo oa iire a to w ag they wore doing, It no varnons kinds are being undertaken.
prosperous and everybody was too busy 170 crates of Florida pineapples and doubt being a fact that they found the There is also a steady flow of Amer-
to pay much attention to making good they were so catalogued. As no Flori- whole situation bristling with difficul- ican capital into the island."
reads. It would seem that the growers da pines had been sold at auction for ties. Now, however, they appear to *
then did not have time to study the some time, the advertisement attracted have awakened from their apparent j st What They Are Made Tor.
mtlen 3s i g me to mudy the considerable attention and the trade lethargy, as it was announced on Mon- Oneco, Fla, ept. 27, 180.
-StifS anf afgupm out how much taT ~nctl Qut to buy. When merchants day that the monopoly had been pnt in Med L la nte a CGt.
tra they were paying for hauling their reached the place of sale, however, the hands of one firm only-viz., Jaksonville, Fla,
ftrit to market through the deep sandy they found that the pines were from Messrs M. Samuel & Co., the well- Gentlemen:--imon Pure goods al-
roads and how much they might have Havana, and the crates were so la- known merchants of London and Jap- ays prove to do ut what they ar
save in money, wear and tear and horse belled, an Wlo Iflave paid about *3,000,000 for prep ed to do jue sults ae teat-
save n money, wear and tear and horse r. W. W. Flannagan of the Fruit the concession. It appears that there prepaid fwe have ever gotten from ea
flesh if they had but invested in good Auction Co., was asked about the mat- were about twenty foreign firms com- other source. Yors truly,
roads. ter by the Fruit Trade Journal. He peting for the monopoly from the For- Reasoner Bro.
One of the best materials that we said the advertisement was the mis- mosan Administration Office, including
take of a clerk of the Fruit Auction Jardine, Matheson & Co. The firm in
have for making roads is decomposed Co., and as the same clerk made up the question are close in touch with the A W TO OPO.
shell which is found in different parts catalogue, the error was repeated in the Japanese Government, and have had This department is dv ted to answerin
of the state at a depth of from eight catalogue. The Fruit Auction Co., he many business transactions with them, suh questions as may be asked by our aub
to twenty feet below the surface. id, regretted the mistake X ldinglvy the recent JasanSeee loan heiill placed scribers which may be of general informa-
o ten it would not occur again, in their hands. It also appears that thle Orlu saquS as otw srsonnl haredratr ha
road made of this shell wears a long require anwr by mal should Always hav
road made of this shell wears a long monopoly to sell crude product has stamps enclosed.
time and is easy on vehicles and ani- A Key to Wisdom's Storehouse. been granted for a term of five years
mals. Where this material can not be Nothing would be so helpful to the and that the price has already been Editor Florida Agriculturist,
had, therF is Beonrally a deposit of farming industry as the frequent use fixed at about 180s. per cwt., c. i. f., at I would like to ask if you have had
clay close by that can be dug out at 6f the ntoePPogation point as a hey which figure Zrward contracts will be any cirievas In ioahtn- hay out of
ay ose b tha e d ot at with which to open our individual made. velvet beans, and if so how you man-
small expense. This, while not mak- knowledge boxes to see what they con- "We are informed that the Japanese aged it. My vines are so heavy and
ing as good a road as the shell, makes tain. Too often when the lid of the Government have for the past six dense that I do not know how I am to
an excellent road in comparison to the one enclosing our agricultural lore was months been quietly buying all they do anything with them. I have heard
deep sand. In Orange county they are raised there would be revealed little could, and that they have now se- it said that when they were made into
deep sand In Orange county they else than moth-eaten theories, rusty cured 12,000 piculs, leaving, it is said, hay the animals would not eat them.
now building roads by miles with this rules of thumb and cankered preju- 900 piculs under their control. If tixs is the case I do not want to go
material and are rapidly connecting all dices. Give the whole business a shak- "It is said to be their intention to to the expense of trying to make hay
parts of the county with well made ing up, turn in the sunlight of the pres- deal with consumers in the fairest pos- out of the vines.
clay roads. One of the cheapest meth- ent day and clean out the years' accu- sible manner, and to that end they Any information in this respect will
o o a a roa i o or th mulations of cobwebs and dust. If guarantee that the quotation will not b greatly appreciated A.M.B.
ods of making a road is to cover wi there are facts found for which there be reduced below the minimum ofe gey .
pine straw. Roads made in this way I was use under the conditions of the 180s. -in fact, it is likely to go higher, The velvet bean is the hardest to
are a great improvement over the old long ago, but not now, put them away as they intend to limit the output by cure of anything that we have in the

C __ __



hay line, in fact it seems almost im-
possible to cure It without artificial
means. The large stems take so long
to dry that the vines require a long
Bf tB 4uia i ai Bgr ai doai of aan-
shine to dry them to prevent molding
after they are put away. In cutting
our hay, we raised the mowing blade
considerably higher than we would
have done for cow peas or beggar
weeds so as to leave as much of the
heavy vine as possible. The vines were
winrowed, which is not a very easy job,
and then after being sunned one day,
put up in cocks as is done with hay.
When the weather is favorable these
should be opened and the vines allowed
to cure as much as possible. If you
have a large barn or shed where you
can spread then out thinly for a few
days before putting them away per-
manently, it wil improve their keeping
qualities. At best, velvet bean hay is
very hard to cure.
There are a great many different re-
ports about stock eating velvet bean
hay. Our experience was that our
mules only ate the leaves and very ten-
der twigs until we ran the vines
through a cutting box, cutting the hay
up into lengths of one or two Inches,
then both horse. and mule ate it, in
fact we kept then the whole winter
without any other rough forage. As
a hay crop, we would recommend
something else but for a renovating
crop and at the same time to produce a
large quantity of beans, which can be
used as feed, the velvetbean stands at
the head of the list.

Editor Florid Agr*skwt t.
Can we plant a fall crop of Irish po-
tatoes and have a reasonable expect-
ation of getting something for our
planting. G. W.
If you can secure Florida grown seed,
you can make a fall crop with almost
a certainty, If you fertilize and plant
on soil suitable for the potato. Nearly
every fall for the last six or eight
years, we have planted Irish potatoes
and have always had a crop. Some-
times the early frost would shorten
the crop, but not enough to prevent our
making enough for family use during
the winter without buying.
Plant only small potatoes left over
rrom spring (gging, DO not cut tinem
A cut potato at this time of the year
is almost sureto rot. Seed potatoes
is almost sure to rot. Seed potatoes
from the north, planted now are almost
sure to be a failure as they have not
had time to thoroughly mature. The
Irish potato loves a soil with plenty of
humus and will often make a good po-
tato if planted in nothing but clean

Editor Florida Agrieiturist.
I have recently come to the state and
havo road about fall aardeninz. but do
id wast .W *waadiNa W pur ouc anet
will not be killed or damaged by the
early frosts. If you can enlighten me
on this subject, I will greatly appreci-
ate same.' J. C.
For your fall garden, you can plant
nearly everything that you would plant
in the spring with this understanding,
that if we should have an early frost
your bean crop would in all probability
prove a failure. It your peas are In
blossom, they will lose that crop but
put on others. You can put out such
vegetables as turnips, carrots, cabbage,
lettuce, vegetable oysters and radishes
with a pretty fair certainty of getting
something from them. Cauliflower is
rather risky, but with a little protec-
ti 6n it goe wll.- We hanT had string
beans for our Christmas dinner on sev-

eral occasions, by covering the bean
vines with pine straw to protect from
the cold weather, and removing as soon
as the cold was passed.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
I saw an article in your paper of the
19th in regard to the castor bean. I
wish to say that I have experimented
with them and find that they would be
a very profitable crop if there was a
market for them. Now then, if as you
said. you will find a market, I shall de-
vote several acres to them next spring
to further experiment, providing the
prices will Justify me in doing so. They
are comparatively easy of cultivation
and yield abundantly. Also I would
like to know the address of the firm
that pays $6.00 per ton for cassava
root. Please send it to me. J. B. H.
We are pleased to have the assurance
that you will try castor beans. We
must have some idea as to the number
of acres that will put in before we can
guarantee a market. We desire to
have the beans in sufficient quantities
so that we can ship in carload lots. We
desire to hear from others also.
The Seminole Mfg. Co., at DeLand,
will pay you $6.00 per ton for your
cassava roots, f. o. b. their factory.
Myers, Fla., Sept 18, 189.
E. 0. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla.,
Gentlemen:-Am very much pleased
with the action of your fertflter, and
shall probably use about the same
amount the coming season. May be a
little more. Everyone remarks "how
finely your trees are looking."
Very respectfully,
Frank H. Stout.

RATES-Twenty words, name an ddress
one week, ce-nts; three eeksA cents.
A. B. C. about Belgian Hares. Book by mail
10 cents. All should have it. JAS. M.
OSBORN, Daytona, Fla. 37xz40
FOR SALB-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
Mostly Isbddad to GOaL-fift nde TanMrr-
ines. Box 271. Orlanoo, Fla. 34t
BAI/T DICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mlann Man-
vtlle Fla. lOxis-InO.
AN experienced working house keeper may
find employment and good home with Mrs.
Shimmer, corner of Minnesota & Clara Ayes.
DeLand, Fla. 86x38
WANTED-Man used to live stock and
handy with tools. Woman to cook and do
housework. Man and Wife preferred.
G. L. TABBR, Glen St Mary, la. 86-37
rirniArrik rkftilT-rIar sMia-fmassoli
cacfl_ Abak a and iavMl City. AS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Prodce; Commsion Merchants.
1x East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

JAMAICA SORIRBL plants, by m
postpaid for 25c per dozen. Good ssi
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTO
Auburndale. la. 15-t
Park, Lake county F offers for Ji
planting S vriet= a of and S y<
citrus buds. For good stock and
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 1I
on sour 3r trifoliata stocks tor sumi
and fall shipment. Large assortment
trees. Write for prices. GLBN ST. MA
NURSERIBS, G.. Taber, Proprietor G
at. gro Elv Bi;
FOR 8ALE-4100 cash. Eighlt acres
high pine land near De~Und Juntli
5 acres cleared, three acres of whik
in grove, the balance of the tract is
timber. Small house and a well on
place. Addresa T. M. HL. cae Agric
tourist, DeLand, Fla. 8t
WE HAVE complete list American mu
ufacturers. Can buy for you at low
prices and ship you direct from en
Machinery, machines of anl kinds,
gines, boilers. Incubators, windmills,
anything wanted. Correspondence
Jacksonville, Fla. I


Simon Pure




Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the

If you are raising Tomatoes E-plants, Celery, Strawberies, Ltuce or
Cabbage, we can supply you a fetili made espelly for th tmthat has
been thoroughly teoied
Our Simon Pure No. I has th best fruit producing record of any fertil-
izer sold in the State. We have had 22 years practical experience and
have spent more time and money in crop -wpelrnrnting than all the manu-
factures in the State.
Besides Special Brands for Special Crops we carry in stock all kinds of

Fertilizing Materials and Chemicals.
We were the first dealers to put the different fertiling materials within the
reach of grower a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


PARIS GREEN and Insecticiles gen-

LOW GRADE POTASH, Tobacco Materials:
Phosphoric Acids. BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
DISSOLVED BONE, All guaranteed unleashed and to con-
ACID PHOSPHATE, tain all their fertilizing and insecticide

E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.

IN, n eWe have a full supply of
t all the best varieties of Or-
nd ,-== anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
sly etc., and shall be glad to
Dwr show them to prospective
ow planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
s- Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
ine CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.





0. L. TABER, Proprietor,

Glen St. Mary,


"=-, "" ~V ~T'W II AN

If you

will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for

BE YOUR OWN BOSS.-"e p the catalogue of
every week. ra n or shiae. manufac-
turing and selling SUGABINE-make it In
your ownhome. Fity percent cheaper than GLEN ST. MARY NURS
sugar. One drop sweetens cup tea o coffee. G ST. M ARY N
this on er a dhoho valued. e il fomai oun And select $1.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
on receipt of 10c silver. Buy no more sugar and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen St. Mary with
but writetoday.go to work and mak good Mr. Tabor's guarantee. Address
wraao ntt hoM Zio llooane, Ro SI. Ad-
Laud,PLnorL CO., a, THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvise Florda.

* *


POVI TRY AiND 1ARE DPART- fine if cooked properly, but also w
MEN=. very cheap. I am safe in saying that '
department should he addressed to half that of the average farm poultry. N
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, The feed utilized costs often almost
nothing. except the labor of gathering The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
Poultry Dept. -Jacksonville, Fla. it, and the children will often do that
with pleasure. Hares will also endure
Animal Tood for Poultry. neglect and mismanagement much CONNECTIONS.
better than poultry. They will trans-
As a general thing when any one form all sorts of weeds, such as cat-
thinks of food for poultry, he think, nip, peppermint, horse mint, plantain.
of grain and puts it at the head of the dandelions, thistles, tag alder lat\,s THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charleston
and twigs and bark, fruit tree trim-
list, while in fact, grain has been prov- mings and surplus vegetables of any To The Richmond and Washington.
en by experience to be second on the kind into the choicest meat. In fact, the I
list. Those raisers who are making a more herbs are fed the sweeter the THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co.
business of pushing their poultry from meat will be. The hares will not re- lumbia and Washington.
fuse nice clover and alfalfa, neither via Al Rail
the time they crack the egg till their green or dry. During the winter time
necks are cracked for the market, find I feed mostly clover hay and roots as The Sothern Ry via Jesp, Atlanta and hatt
that animal food gives the boat results, beets, carr9te, turnips, and also orchard
not only in growth, but in returns in trimmings. Quite a number of these The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery,
animals may be turned loose in the Toill
eggs. The New York Agricultural Ex- b ra urne turner. TThev n To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevill
periment Station has recently made pick up their living from the stack and The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
some very elaborate and extended from the hay other stock waste.
experiments along this line, Two While hares will thrive tolerably well
under maltreatment and neglect, I Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
flocks of ducks were taken, both want to say whatever pays to do at all,
of which were as near alike as pays best when done well. I give my oT York, Philadelphia and Boston.
it was possible to select them. hares just as good treatment as my *
One flock was fed on food containing fowls. They do not require very much Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta.
room and may be crowded much more
vegetable matter alone, and the other than poultry. However, there are tion Company for Baltimore.
on food containing animal and vege- points that must be watched. Breed- v stm
table matter. The result was most sur- ig does should be kept In eparat To KEY WE T Via PENINSULAR CCTAL
uprising. At ten weeks the vegetable little rooms and should have the best PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
uprising. At ten wees the vegetable of care, especially while suckling AND
fed ducks weighed on an average of young. I give them grain, oats and U V A STEAISHIP CO.
two pounds each, while the animal fed wheat, night and morning: and also HAVM tNA
ducks weighed four and nine-tenths sweet (skimmed) milk and fresh water NOVA SC IA
pounds each. One of the most striking every day. NOA S Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
They may be bred every seven or CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkebry
examples was the fact that half of the eight weeks and the young should be PRiNCE E TEAMHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
vegetable fed ducks died before ten separated from their mothers when and Iharlottetown.
weeks old, while the entire flock of an- six to seven weeks old. After weaning ISLAND....
Ial ood fed ducs r d m ri the food of the little hares should con-
imal food fed ducks reached maturity, sist partially in chopped feed stirred S um m er xcur on T tickets
These experiments certainly demon- with milk if it can be had. They soon Sum mer Excursion Tickets
states conclusively that for best re- learn to eat any kind of whole grain,
suits, we must feed our fowls more an- enjoy roots, apples, weeds, clover, etc. to all Summer Resorts will b placed on sale September 30th.
At four and not more than five months
imal food such as bone, blood and ani- the sexes must be separated to prevent The PLANT CYSTEM s the y ur rieda-wttiL Troaug Sp,. g m .ur
mal meal. their breeding too young and inbreed Y ervic t the Sumnr Rsrts of
* ing at the same time. It does not work STEN NORTH CAROLINA and
Poultry School well to put hares of different ages to- WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
The Agricultural department of the gether in close quarters; sometimes THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
Rhode Island College think that poul- losses occur from such practice. I
therefore try to have my breeding does
try raising is of enough importance to all have their young at the same time, For Information as to rates, sleeping-c ar services, reservations, etc, write to
inaugurate a special school in poultry then the young of all the mothers may F. M. JOLLY, Div ision Passenger Agent.
raising. They will open their term of be weaned together and placed in one 18 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
Instruction January 11, 1900 and con- pen. The time to fatten and to dis-
pose of surplus stock is when from W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
tinue for six weeks, four to six months old, providing you Gen. Supt. Passa Traffic Mng'r.
_This short course of study will in- have a market for them at that time: AVANA, G
clude instruction in the following de- otherwise they may be held till fall orAVA A, IA.
apartments: poultry plant location, winter, but the males must in that case
be castrated. In neighborhoods where OA TA tl
planting and establishment, building, there is a scarcity of useless dogs, quite
making specifications and estimates, a number of the animals may be left O C E A
location and arrangement of buildings, to roam at large during the summer
construction and ventilation, etc. The around barn and buildings. They will
pick up their living and become fat
subject of the origin of fowls, manner without any grain and care whatever.
of breeding, mating and special breed- Cats sometimes learn to catch and kill
ing of water fowls, turkeys, pigeons, young hares, so it does not answer to
etc., incubation, both natural and arti- turn then? out under three months of
age. Troublesome cats must be dis-
fcial, in fact everything in connection posed of. I use the shotgun. Like
with the poultry business will be stud- poultry, so hares can be marked, not
led and lectured on. Any ydung per- between their toes, but on their long
on start out in the poltr business ears, which give the very best of oppor-
son starting out in the poultry business tunity to punch holes or cut slits. Thus
could not invest a few dollars more marked, one can easily keep track of
profitably than in a course of instruc- the different ages, sexes, castrated ani-
tion in a school of this kind. mals, new stock bought, etc. A record -*
* will have to be kept in that case.
Cheap eat-B-elgian Hares. "SAVANNAH LINE"
Up to this day the majority of farm- LENA T T T(I s"ROUND OYS-
ers live principally on pork for their ENS TEETH II TER SHELLS.
staple meat. This is very natural, as To properly digest its food the fowl
fig meat is the handiest, easiest to cure must have grit. What teeth are to the
and keep. The meat of domestic fowls human being grit is to the fowl. We
enters somewhat into the bill of fare. can now furnish ground oyster
but not as often as it might, and it is an no furnish rond oyster she's, FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
a pretty expensive luxury with the from freshly opened oysters, from
most of farmers. Some of them have ich t and d .. FROM
reduced their system of keeping fowls screened, to supply this grit which is
to one requiring almost no labor on lacking in nearly all parts of Florida OA TO N W K
their part. Grain is turned into a hop- Goods very Inferior to ours and full FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
per or large feed trough once a week, of dust has been selling for $1.00 to T A
enough to last them that length of $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now BOSTON AND EAST.
time. Fowls thus raised come pretty offer it at
high and the egg basket remains empty 100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
a large share of the year. Fowls man- Help your fowls by giving them SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
aged that way are always ready for the plenty of clean grit. T-Thence via Palatial Bxpress Steamship., sailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week
kettle, but are also dear meat. E 0.O PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville, to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines.
Some years ago I commenced growing Fla. Al ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
Belgian hares to supply our table with Manufacturers of High Grade Fer- for general information sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
a greater variety of meat, and I found tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer- 1. H. B1INTON.;Trrase Mgr., WALTBR HAMWKI M Gen. Agr.,
the meat of them not only to be very utilizing MaterialL. Savannah, Ga. 224W. Bay St., Jacksonvile, Pla



Will They Succeed? Who Knows?
There are a variety of flowering plants
and shurbs common and hardy at the
north that are seldom or never seen in
Florida. If any of you have known of
any of the following list being grown in
this state we should he ver, glad to
hivr from yvu as to the result, whether
successful or otherwise.
Shrubs.-Dentzia, in varieties.
Syringa, in varieties, commonly
called Lilac.
Weigella. in varieties.
Berberis, or Barberry..
Daphine, in varieties.
Herbaceous Perennials.-Aquilegia,
Bellis perennis, English Daisy.
Campanula, Canterberry Bells.
Convallaria, Lilly of the Valley.
Dicentra, Bleeding Heart.
Poeonia, either the herbaceous or the
Very many of the hardy herbaceous
perennials may be grown here quite as
successfully as at the north. They
havsa t soatfeagg st g ~wig asi
flowering year after year with very
much less care and trouble than is re-
quired to grow annuals from seed.
Among those which we know to do well
and which have not been specially
mentioned are the following:
Achillea (Yarrow), in variety. Cle-
matis, the small flowered varieties.
Hemerocallis, all varieties. Phlox, the
perennial varieties.
Of hardy shrubs we know that the
following may be grown.
Philadelphius, in variety, commonly
called Syringa or Mock orange. Pyrus
Japonica, fl pl. Sambucus Canaden-
thus, (Sweet scented shrub). Kerria
Japonica, fl. pl. (Sambucus Canaden-
sis, the common elder grows wild and
and undoubtedly thQ impiyVyd arig-
ties cut leaved and variegated leaved,
would thrive as well if planted.
Of vines Ampelopsis quinquefolia is
a native and A Veitchi grows like a
native. Akebla qunata, Hedera helix,
(English Ivy) all the Loniceras, (Honey
suckles) and Wisterias are as much at
home as in their native land.
We hope that as many of our read-
ers as have had experience with any
of these plants will send us a brief ac-
count of the result.
Elsewhere Mr. Reasoner has some-
thing to say about Oleanders which
our readers will enjoy. Doubtless their
only regret will be that there is not
more of it, and will join us in hoping
that he may find leisure to give us the
benefit of some more of his experience.
He is exactly correct when he says
the Oleander will grow on any soil not
too wet. What Is too wet soil for it
we do not know. Part of our land is
very low "flat woods" soil not very
well drained. We have had for many
years a large bush of the common
double pink Oleander on the lowoet
part of this land. We have seen this
soil under water for hours at a time.
For weeks it has been saturated with
water, no water actually standing on
the surface but the soil was quite as
full of water as it could be, yet the
bush is very thrifty.
We have seen large Oleanders grow-
ing under other circumstances that
were very discouraging. As most of

you know, the sand along the seashore
as fast as it dries out after being
iWriitlei up ily th11 waves, Is iDioll
away by the wind. It usually accum-
ulates in ridges and small hills called
sand dunes.
Often abandoned houses may be
seen nearly buried under the shifting
sand. On two or three such abandoned
places, near the village of Mayport, at
the mouth of the St. John's river, we
saw, iln it4, several immense Oleansd
trees nearly buried by the sand. In
some instances the trunks were so
covered that only the large branches
were exposed to air and light, but
these were so large and spread so wid-
ly that there was no difficulty in de-
ciding that the trunk was very largo.
Usually the burying of the roots of
a tree or plant so much below the prop-
er depth results in speedy death, but
these Oleanders seemed as vigorous
and thrifty as if the roots were only at
the ordinary depth.
The Oleander.
Editor Floral Department.
Of all the easily grown flowering
plants which succeed universally in
Florida sand, the Oleander stands al-
most without a rival. It is almost as
sweet as the rose in many varieties and
is certainly extremely beautiful in

As to the fear of poison from the
Oleander, that is all nonsense: the
juice may be poisonous, and doubtless
is slightly, but the chances of children
chewing so bitter a thing as Oleander
wood or foliage is almost beyond rea-
The Oleander thrives on any soil in
Florida not too wet; that is it will
grow as well as almost any plant can,
on the poorest of white sand, and will
luxuriate on the best orange land, ham-
mocks, or improved flatwoods. The
colors range through most delicate
shades of light yellow and pink to the
darkish purplish red, and the white
sorts are variable in size, form and
throat markings.
As a cemetery shrub for Florida and
the warmer parts of the Gulf Coast the
Oleander is a good subject, standing
neglect better than could be expected,
wing to its vigorous constitution.
Ei N.1 eanoner,
Onceo, Fla.

Dracaenas for South Florida Gardens.
Edifor Floral Department.
For many years we have had a plant
of Dracaena terminalis rose on our
oldest lawn which although getting
frosted occasionally never falls to
sprout up from the fleshy root stem
and makes a show within a few weeks
after the hardest freeze.
All the many handsome species and
varieties of this splendid genus may be
as readily grown in South Florida out-
doors. In planting them out, of course,
it is best to set the roots deeply to pro-
vide soil protection against frost.
By thus setting deeply, hundreds, yes
thousands, of tender tropical plants
may be safely wintered and results ob-
tained even the first year after a hard
freeze, Our plante of many sorts of dec-
orative subjects never fail to sprout up
again after cold waves and a short
a time are glorious in color or form.
E. N. Reasoner.
Onecon Fla.

This. That, and The Other.
Under this title, Eben E. Rexford, of
YWisconsin, writes regularly for The
Mayflower on a variety of floral sub-
jects. From a late number we clip the
following as likely to be of interest to
our re aders,
"The tendency of plants to revert to
original forms is an interesting study
for the amateur floriculturist. The
Madame Salleroi Geranium is quite
unlike ainy other vnrlety of green and
white foliaged variety in habit, and it
retains its foliage much better than any
other sort. but it is readily apparent to
the observer that some of the old
green-and-white kinds produced it.
Two years ago I noticed a branch on
one of my plants quite different, in
general appearance, from the other

branches. Its leaves had deeper
notches in them. The varegation was
ivlt-r. a:tld :an lbmok irreaulauly into
tie green of the leaf. The stalk was
also quite different from other stalks
on the same plant. This seemed in-
clined to lengthen out between joints,
after the fashion of most other Geran-
iums. And the foliage, I noticed, lacked
the presistent, lasting characteristics
of the Madame Salleroi variety. I at
once set down the peculiar appearance
of the branch as an effort on the part
'f tii itiuilt t fSTEft to &H otiflDfal
form characteristic of some ancestor,
and in order to give it a chance to make
the most of its tendency, I took it off
and rooted it. This plant now shows
many of the peculiarities of the old
Mountain of Snow, and it has repeated-
ly produced blossoms-something 1
have never had the true Madame Sal-
weroi do with me.

'My Madame Salleroi Geranium has
a branch on it bearing pure white
leaves-not a particle of green In them.
Can I not root it and thus secure a
white-leaved plant?'
You can try it, but you will not suc-
ceed. Scientific men tell us that varie-
gation is a disease. The wider the de-
parture from the clear green of the
healthy leaf, the less vitality the plant
has. This being the case It will be
readily understood that a shoot from
which all green has been eliminated
can have but little vitality in it,-not
enough, in fact to enable it to throw
xa? rffw 2ftHMw II tnwfuI is Mudm& to
grow it as an independent plant.
Even while left on the parent plant its
weak constitution is seen in its small,
short-lived foliage. I have always ob-
served that these 'sports will soon die
off. But while they last they are very
pretty, and several of them on the same
plant make it wonderfully attractive.
The dainty, cream-white leaves are ex-
cellent for use with pale blue flowers,
in buttonhole bouquets.

'I don't like Lantanas,' said a friend
to mil thei other day, 'I have tried to
like them, for I think their flowers are
very pretty, but the young plants are
so scrawny and awkward, and seem to
be hesitating between the opinions
whether it is better to grow or to die,
until I get quite out of patience with
them. If I could have such a plant as
you have now But I can't, and after
seeing that I don't want any little Lan-
tinann They'd look worne than CTer.'
'But you don't give the plants a
chance,' I said. 'A Lantana doesn't de-
velop in a season. It hesitates, as you
say, when grown in a pot, but plant it
in the open ground and you'll see what
it can do when conditions are favor-
able. And this is ust what t will do
Kn a pot, after the first year. It's one
of the plants that are a long time in
getting "established." The plant you
refer to, of mine, was just the scrawn-
iest little specimen for the first year
that any one ever saw. It was all an-
gularities. and no flowers to speak of.
But I was patient with it, and after
awhile it got to growing, and now you
see what it is." This plant stands over
four feet high, with scores of branches
and every branch is loaded down with
bloom for eight months of the year. I
think it would bloom the year round if
I would let it, but in May I cut it back
sharply and through the summer it Is
kept as nearly dormant as possible.
In fall I remove some of the old earth
and substitute fresh soil, and it soon
begins to grow, and as soon as it puts
forth branches flowers come, and there
after during the season it is a thing
of beauty, with its white and yellow
flowers. It is one of the finest plants
in my collection. Visitors always ad-
nire it, and many ask 'what that
beautiful plant is.' When I tell them
that it is a Lantana they are surprised
and think It must be some new variety.
But it isn't. It's just a Lantana that's
been 'given a chance' to show what it
can do."

A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave 10,0000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 121. The Nicholson In-
stitute. 710 Etghth Avenue. New York.


light loada.

for everything
that runs on wheels.

Sold Everywhere.

Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
SaS ange and trifoliata.
. S Enormous collection
and stock of other
l/e F ajndrult trees, Economic
ill pa n t s, Bamboos
S TPalms Ferns Conl-
fers and Miscellane-
ous ornamentals. 17
1*60 year. Most extensive
eolleotion of Dlante and troee in the
Lowasi 38uukk.- 480-m a ar ia 81Zg5
Oneco, Fla.

The Tangent Fruit Brushers.
Patented Mch. 8,-1898 & Apr. 11 1890.
These machines for brushing and
polishing fruit will greatly improve the
appearance of any pack of oranges or
lemana at & vBry alight coat, and with-
out damage to the fruit.
They are past the experimental stage,
having brushed more than 10,000 cars
of these fruits in California.
Circulars on application.
riverside, Cal.

31,000 for a case of P5ee we aan't cure.
Write for free books. Addree
Belleview. -

proved moet eaoiant in preventing and
curing Hog and Ohicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It s also a fine con-
dition powder. Sale are increasing. If
your dealer don't keep it we will mail
It to you on Treept of p1r10 30 po %
Ib. IAberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Klasimmee, Fla. 12t


Special Bargain
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., ...artow Fla.


An communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Some Simple Remedies.
In these days we depend so complete-
ly on our physician to relieve every
pain or ache, that we have almost be-
come ignorant of the wonderful medic-
inal properties contained in many of
the common shrubs and herbs, and the
uses to which we might put these prop-
erties. When physicians were scarcer,
the head of the household was its doc-
tor and had a purely vegetable remedy
for all the common ailments, and was
often more successful than many phy-
sicians now are.
One of these remedies was the uso
of peach tree leaves, a few of the uses
which I will give here. In cases of
severe nausea, a tea made of the green
leaves will give quick relief, and cases
of chills have been known to succumb
to the same treatment. They are also
excellent when used as a poultice to
draw out poison caused by stepping on
a tack or a rusty nail, and are said to
prevent lockjaw. Pound the leaves to
a pulp, moisten With a little water,
make a poultice of them and apply to
the injured parts. When the poultice
becomes dry, renew. Actual experience
has proven the value of this remedy.
The dried leaves are used by many
housekeepers in lieu of hops, when
hops are scarce.
Belladona or nightshade is used
as a remedy for poison caused by any
of the rhus family, of which there are
at least two var1itIiT li arlrUia, m-i-
monly known as poison oak and poison
Nikhtshade is one of nature's dead-
liest poisons, but has no superior as an
antidote for ivy poisoning. It can be

Perhaps there is no habit that our
young boys fall into that does them so
much harm as the habit of smoking,
and especially cigarette smoking.
They fall into thii haBlt sial. t E-
cause it is a common one and because
they think it a manly thing to do as
they see the older boys and men do-
Physicians tell us that nothing weak-
ens the intellect and injures the ner-
vous system so quickly and surely as
A short time ago I read of a cannon
exploding and terribly injuring and dis-
figuring a dozen men and boys. It was
said, a young cavalryman passing tlhe
cannon and seeing powder trickling
down from the broken bag at the
mouth of the cannon threw his cigar-
ette in the powder remarking to his
companions, "now, we'll see some fun."
Only a mind weakened by cigarette
smoking could have done such a cow-
ardly, wicked thing. A young man of
my acquaintance learned to smoke
during the recent war. He is a large
manly, capable fellow and yet is so
nervous he cannot keep still a moment.
and is never satisfied without a cig-
arette in his mouth. The pity of it!
A strong, young manhood, capable of
reaching success in any field where lhe
gave his attention-an abject slave to
There are corporations and business
men who refuse to employ nuys and
men who smoke cigarettes or who even
smoke at all.
Such corporations and such men are
doing a great work in helping men and
boys to give up the useless and health-
destroying habit. A business man
knows that an employee who is adict-
ed to the habit of cigarette smoking
is not to be trusted and that the habit
deadens them to all moral responsibil-
ity, and they will have none of them.
What is true in business life is true
y yiWT-T_ and the hoy -who Rnloke
cigarettes will find sooner or ainiv thfii
his evil habit has shut him out of all
that is good and true in life.
The manly, clean, trustworthy boy
is the one between whose lips is never
seen the cigarette or cigar.-National

found growing in sheltered spots, such *
as fence corners and fence rows, and is Getting Ready to Enjoy.
always plentiful at the season of the She was a little old woman who
year when there is most danger fro came on at a country station for her
firnt Journey by railroad, Wh' vtlav
Ivy poisoning. Mash the berries in passengers smiled as they watched
sweet cream. They will cause the while she settled herself and her be-
cream to curdle and form a thick pasty longings as if she expected to travel
Apply this as lotion to the pos- around the world. A young relative
mass. Apply this as lotion to the ois- who was with her called her attention
oned surfaces. The pain and inflama- to a beautiful view of the lake, but she
tion will soon subside and the erupt- was so busy with tucking a veil over
ion dry up and the skin peel off. It is her bonnet that she gave it scant no-
well in such cases to take some good tice.
"Pretty soon, John. As soon as I get
blood purifier, to eradicate the poison everything fixed all right, I'm going to
fr60 the system, or It may break ou t lt Imluk and ounjoy myself." she anid.
every year for a number of years af- "I always have been lottin' on a ride
terwards. Care must be taken to keep in the cars."
But her satchel, basket and box, were
the nightshade berries out of the reach not easily arranged to her liking, and
of small children, as they might mis- the forty mile ride was brief.
take them for fruit. "Already?" she exclaimed as the
name of her destination was called.
A Delicate Desert. "Why, I've hardly had a mile of pleas-
,, ure from the journey yet! If I'd
To thrm samn ai g.. ,y !a h I IIIIIlI st were OIIK ti o ItilI nl no UUl
teaspoonfuls of sugar and beat till I wouldn't have wasted all lmy time
comparatively light. Then add one fussin'."
pint of sweet milk or cream if one has The passengers smiled again, yet
doubtless some of them were taking
it, and stir thoroughly. Flavor with their life journey in much the same
any desired flavoring and pour into fashion. The world holds many who
paealgI or an earthenware baking airnd their dtan in getting rmrady t
dish and bake in a moderately heated live-who sacrifice the sweetness.
ties, and pleasures, of the present to
oven. Care must be taken that it does amass goods for a time when they can
not remain in the oven too long, but "sit back comfortable" and enjoy
be removed as soon as done, or it will themselves, but before it comes the
curdle. Serve cold. journey is ended.-The Wellspring.


Maks the food more delicious and wholesom

Best Wives in the World.
The men in South America hold
their women in highest respect. Not
only do they accord them the polite
distinction of outward deference, lint
iley guard them with on curnect ooulc-
itude that protects them from every
care. and they bear for them every bur-
den that man can bear for woman.
The chivalry of olden times survives
aniong these people, and that is doubt-
less one reason why the women are so
contented with their lot. A charming
senora assured me that the South
American women make the best wives
in the world and I do not doubt it.
After marriage the woman is as one
lost to the world. Her career is fin-
ished so far as matters outside her
domestic affairs are concerned. Her
ljlie0 of Innuonoe is lnoourortlh in.
closed within the triple courts of her
husband's house, and consists in bring-
ing up her children and in exercising a
nild sovereignty in her domestic do-
main. There are no married flirts in
South America, no scandals caused by
unfaithful wives, no ambitious women
pining in their secluded homes, so far
as is known. There are no woman's
rights conventions, no mothers' tem-
perance societies, no daughters', no
mothers' meetings. There is not even
a woman's whist club in the whole
country. The wife knows nothing of
the family finances, and she is not con-
sulted in the consideration of her hus-
band's serious affairs. The question
may well be asked by the women of
the United States, What in the world
do these women do with their time and
the answer is that their days are quite
as full of activities, mental and phys-
ical, as they wish them to be. South
American women do not crave the free.
dom and publicity of life they see en-
joyed by their sisters in this country.
They prefer the seclusion with the pro-
tection of their own methol of Kfe.They
are very charitable, too, and are kind-
ness itself to the poor people in their
neighborhood. as they send portions of
uroau anO meat every day to their poor
neighbors.-Mary Nimmo Balentine in
the August "Woman's Home Compan.
Sweet Minded Women.
So great is the influence of a sweet-
minded woman on those about her that
it is almost boundless. It is to her that
friends come, in seasons of sickness
and sorrow, for help and comfort. One
soothing touch of her kindly hand
works wonders in the feverish child.
A, fcW yryde I t fall from hor lipe in
tile ear of a sorrowing sister, do much
to raise the load of grief that is bow-
ing its victim down to the dust in an-
guish. The husband comes home worn
out with the pressure of business, and
feeling irritable with the world in gen-
eral; but when he enters the cozy sit-
ting room, and sees the blaze of the fire
and meets his wife's smiling face, he
succumbs in a moment to the soothing
influences, which act as the balm of
C(lead to his wounded spirit. We are
all wearied with combating the real-
ities of life. The rough schoolboy flies
in a rage from the taunts of his com-
panions, to find solace in a mother's
smile. The little one, full of grief with
its own large trouble, finds a haven of
rest on its mother's breast. And so one
may go on with instances of the in-
fluence a sweet-minded woman has in
the social life with which she is con-
nected. Beauty is an insignificant
powgy when compared to hers.--Chris-
tian Work.
Oafe Parfait.
Pour half pint of boiling milk on two
ounces of finely ground coffee; and cov-
er and let stand 20 minutes on side of
the stove; then strain through a nap-
kin. Put the coffee milk in a double
boiler; add the yelks of four eggs, four
tllop.poonftie of un ar and stir over
the fire till l citls Mi Siaie taking
care not to let it boll. Remove and add
one teaspoonful of vanilla and set
aside. When cold, whip the contents
with an egg-beater, then add one pint
of whipped cream. Put the mixture in
a throo-pintI dome-shaped mould: put
a sheet of paper over the mola; put on
the cover pack the mold in rock salt
and ice, so that it is completely cov-
ered. Let it freeze from three to four
hours, then serve.-Mrs. Lemcke in
Ledger Monthly.

"Certificate Am.

The Practical
PRICE Sa.eo.:
SylvanLake, Fin
Inst. Fair."


One hundredth session begins Sel-
tember i9th, goo9. Rooms in dormi-
tor free. Excellent board in Students'
Hall At Aiilt AllAi i !e!ft8.Ht Tuis
tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
annum. For further information write
Atkem, O

PA[1El It r
111tll IPAOCJ iJt
That "Peculiar" Wire
used in Page Fences is all drawn at our mills.

Dr. Hathaway

Trats All iseass.

Bb II ethod Iast*blly C res All
Catarrhl, Bronhtal, Lung, Stor
aek, Liver, Kidney aad Other Com-
plaints, as Well as All Diaeses
and Weaknesses of Women.
In Dr. Hathalay's mom
extensive practice, coO
ering a period of more
^;R *sl "h
Sca to i
Smamer dioeaes at
men and women and
along the whole ne of
S human alUm-it he has
been uniformly Sae-
9rl. IIN EwaysI m.-
thad of treatment gets
directly at the et ofet
the trouble, purfle the bood
s lei tones up the whole system and
the *Iwe neutralize the poisons which
produce the diseased conditions.
AH Yearly he retores to perfect
AlN i-ee- health thousands of sufferer
Trete. from Catarh, Brnchitis, As-
thma. Hay Fever, Lung Complaints, Stomach,
Liver and Kidney Diseases, Ples, Tumors, Can-
cers. Eczema and all manner of skin actions.
Dr. Hathaway alo treat with
"--emamse vie greatest success al tbose
Weme. many distressing weaknesses aml
diseases by which so many women are alloted.
E..eic.l Dr. Hathaway's om es are fitted
Ek1 with all the latest electrical and
Applesee. other appliances, i the me of
which, as well as the mleroseope, ne has world-
wide famoeI an oIpoert. AlB a the aedile
used by Dr. Hathaway are compounded In his
own laboratories, under his personal direction.
and special remedies are prepared for each In-
dividual case according to ts requirements.
Dr. Hathaway has prepared a
xam tlem se res of elf-examintionblman
Wami applyingtothe dfierentdisea
which he sendsfree on application: No.1, for
Men; No. 2, for Women; No. I, fer 8ki Diees;
No.4, or C sees; No. a. for Kidney.
OM fni or consultation at either his
Free. omice or by mall.
lu.. Hathawary A*
so "rryan Stusi r OIL

Under ,000 OCsh DepooIt.
alr a lre Paid.
open a er sin-ee eryCheap
R~aminessC1011 1106.


There i* no kind of pain
or ache, Internal or exter-
nal, that Pain-Killer will
not relieve.

_ __ __Y I


the National Stockman. For cattle or
Hk horses I would prefer to use rock salt
placed in boxes or troughs for the win-
ter, and scattered about the pastures
on the grass in summer. Rains have
little effect upon it, and this will be
Sefe is ound both convenient and economical.
There Is noth- For sheep, however, this plan does not !
Sin so bad for a work so well. The rock salt is so slow
cough as cOUgh- to dloolv that they ab~ Bst able to get
lng. It tears the sufficient salt to satisfy their wants
endermembrane hence it is necessary to use the loose
salt for them. During the winter a box
of thc throat and can be fastened up at a convenient
lungs, and the place in the shed, and at the proper
wounds t h U s height so they can have access to it at
made attract the all times of the day. In summer, if
ra rem a t tt ts- they have not a shed to run under, the
t1UIrS wf W tn Vi-l fo rilirfotlIl to a gas pI ot asfll
gumption. Stop have a roof placed over it so as to keep
your cough by out the rain. If it is desired to use
using the family loose salt for cattle, the same arrange-
remedy that has ments can be used as have already
been described for sheep. The roof
been c rin over the box should be high enough
ughs and colds to be entirely out of the way of
of every kind for the animals. When loose salt is used it
over sixty years. YOU is necessary to be careful to keep a sup-
can't afford to be with- ply in the box all the time, as the an-
a't = t w I imanl aro linble to oat too much if they
Out L fgo Without ror several nays.-frairln
4 Farmer.
e Ice cream freezers of American man-
ufacture are sold all over the world
wherever ice, either natural or artificial
is used. The ice cream eaten in
Calcutta or in Melbourne or in any
other city or country, European includ-
ed, would be more than likely to have
been made in an American freezer.

loosens the grasp of your orse Talk.
cough. The congestion Never go near your horse without
of the throat and luns is speaking to him.
f the throat and lungs is A horse can travel better and with
; removed z- i fl MiIBI ha ies wear and tear if his hand in fres
tiOn is subdued; and the Use a check-rein with the bitting rig,
cough drops away. and when training, but when the colt
Three sizes: *he one has completed his education and can be
Threl e sizes: the one used for regular driving take it off.
dollar size is the cheap- Breed horses with style and spirit
est to keep on hand; enough to hold their heads up na.
the SOc. size for coughs turally.
you have had for some Encourage your horses to lie down by
ime the 25c. siz r making their stalls comfortable. The
time,, the 25c. size for more they rest the better.
an ordinary cold. When driving these hot days give a
T"or U years I had a very bd few swallows of water whenever it is
cough. Th doctors and every possible.
c sms to. Then I tredA e If heated do not let him fil up, but
C Petory land it only bok a give a little at every trough.
b' i 1taadhalftoueme." Take a barrel of water to the field
F. Muor MILL ,
OsSt. L, I. CaMden, N.Y. and give the work horses a few mouth-
Wrtlesenoetor. It you vhe fuls every hour or so. It will help them
eomplaint whatever a dere t as much as it will yourself.
be. mecal a~ie.. wt se Low mangers are best.
J. 20. .AT, LownL, Juie Keep them scrupulously clean. Any
accumulation in the corners will soon
sour in the hot weather.
Do not allow the dried perspiration
to remain in the hair over night. It
Interesting Gmnes. will cause the coat to fade.
A pastime that affords much amuse- A good brushing will rest the horse
ment, and which might, perhaps, be and is almost as essential as the feed.
called "Manners,"is the following: One Take the horse out on the floor or
leaves the room, while the others de- out in open air and it can be cleaned
termine upon some adjective or adverb quickly and thoroughly.-Tim, in Farm
such as "dignified" "funny" "cute" Journal.
Upon being recalled she askes each per-
son in turn any one question she State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
chooses, the answer being given in the County, ss.
manner of the adjective; that Is. in a Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
dignified manner, or curtly, as the case is senior partner of the firm of F. J.
may be, and without using the word Cheney & Co., doing business in the
itself. This is continued until the word city of Toledo, County and State afore-
is guessed. It is astonishing how tho said, and that said firm will pay the
wittiest may become stupid when thus sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
consciously acting. A blackboard is for each and every case of catarrh
serviceable on occasion, as for the that cannot be cured by the use of
game of "Blnd Pig." Each guest in Hall's Catarrh Cure.
turn is blind-folded and led to the FRANK J. CHENEY.
blackboard, given a piece of chalk, and Sworn to before me and subscribed
told to draw a p. A prize Is uualy in my presence, this 6th day of Decem-
offered for the best drawing. The an- b A. 1 W Glaon,
imal would scarce recognize himself in ber, A. D., 1886. A.W. Gleason,
some of the pictures. Let no one think Seal. Notary Public.
this is .a game for babes, and let him Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter
try it if 4e wants a good laugh. An nally and acts directly on the blood and
"Art Exhibit" is another means of en- mucous surfaces of the system. Send
tertainment. The guests are asked to for testimonials free.
present upon the blackboard in turn a F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
representative of some event person or Sold by all druggists, 75 cents.
thing. The company then guesses the Hall's Family Pills are the best.
intent, and the prize is awarded to the **
most successful competitor.-Prairie Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
Farmer. able Dairying.

Salting the Sheep.
I would like to describe an apparatus
for salting cattle and other stock to bn inyte bydussee. us
they will always have salt before them
and no waste, writes J. H. Yode in

The Prosperous

Farmer /

Farming is a science. To
farm with profit, the farmer
must thoroughly inform him-
self onthe subject of fertilizers.
If he does this, success is
assured. Potash is 5ssent&al
to every crop.

We have valuable books telling all about the
tie of ertiliers and Potash which should be in
the hand of every farmnner. We gladly mail
them FREE. A postal will do.

GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nasau St., New York

Farmers' Attention .! r


Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in move and Farm impiemenia and Bupplin
Poultry Netting L" hft C8lumbia BicycleI
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.

560 YEARS'


Anyone sending a sketch and desrption may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention is probably datentabiO Commnnica-
tions strictly confidenti Handbook on Patents
sent free. Oldest agency for secring patents.
Patents taken trogh Mnn & Co receive
speia notice, without charge In the
Scienifc Rinercau.
Ahandsomely fllstrated weekly. Larret oir.
culation of any scientlfc loernaL Terms, tS a
year; four month 5 Sold byal newadealers.
MUNN & Co.-,se..,New Ygrk
Branch Oice. = F 8t Washlngton, D.C.

.- _t^ ^ ^ _H^

- I

It Takes Down.'

22-inch barrel, weight 41 pounds. 4
Carefully bored and tested. For
.2, .25 and .32 rim-fire cartridges,
No. 17.
Plain Open Sights, $6.00
No. 18.
Target Sights, $8.50
Ask your dealer for the "FAVO-
RITE." If he doesn't keep it we
will send, prepaid, on receipt of
Send stamp for complete cata.
logue showing our full line, with val-
uable information regarding rifes
and ammunition in general.

m P.O. Bo-

,aaq- = (
0 % rA

U) M s

i 0. 0
0 P,5R40 1 0

>n 0 E,
r, DiS

In 0. Z 0 r' P
is C

0 Cs 0..0,
T in" 10i
P) C L CDtsC

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Lis 0 w.0 r
C3 l 0 CD3~

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1^ Btk H7, C-- Cc*Zd
flatfom d Coiotr Sc
Puaticularateaion torepl
Satisfaction GoaNmeed.
o108 a. Charsi it.

Subscribe for the Agriculturist and
keep posted.



S. FOR $2.00 . .

Io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..


Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
............................O.. 00 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
lressrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
Deland, Fla. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Getentlemen-Pleas find enclosed2.00 for one year s sub- chance i f ttig a t h gra rt r
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. t chance in 30 o getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30' beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.

or any multiple of tnat number, I can oruer a ton o0 any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
so me.
hlipping Point.... .....- ...........- .....
Freight Depot........................................... ...
P. 0. Address.............................................

Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped i a DE LAN
"'prepay." amountof frMghtmustbe forwarded with instructions. LA

E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,



Received of E. O. Painter & Co., one This IB the first prize I ever drew in my
toh Simon Pure Fertilizer, No. 1, with life and I assure you it is appreciated.
a total cost to me of $2.00 and freight. Very truly yours,
W. H. Bigelow W. H. Bigelow.
* *
Tarpon Springs, Fla., April 9, 1900. E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
B. O. Pointer & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.: Gentlemen:-I have received a ton of
Gentlemen:-I thank you very much your Simon Pure Fertilizer, which cost
for the ton of fertlzer you have sent me only $2.00 and freight, besides get-
me. I know what it is, as I have used ting the Agriculturist for one year.
it and consider it at least the eqaul of I know from experience that the fer-
any in the market, If not the best. tilizer is the best offered for sale in

Florida and the Agrleultuislt the grow-
ers true friend. J. C. Mathews.
Plant City, Fla.,
August 9, 1900.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I hereby acknowledge
the receipt of one ton of your Si-
mon Pure Fertilizer for the sum of
e~.00, having been one of the lucky
numbers who received fertilizer on
your liberal offer to the subscribers to

your most valuable paper, the beet ag-
riculturist paper in the state. I prise
this fertilizer very highly as I have
long ago been convinced by actual
test upon my farm that Simon Pure
fertilizer put up by E. O. Painter &
Co., of Jacksonville, are as good as
can be had. I have used it along side
of -- and and prefer it to
'either. Thanking you for past favors
I remain, Yours Respectfully,
Jno. A. Barns.

A High-Grade Fertilizer




"TH1i- IDE AT," BR A NDS--

Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE.............$.. $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.o0 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.00oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................$28oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .................... $2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $18.00 per ten. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.

p~4~~7, 7Ah~j;,dN--, X~dN A