The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00033
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: August 15, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00033
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

Vol. XXVII, No. 33.

The old diatich says "The rose is rod.
tfie iolet's blue, Sugar sl sweet, and
so are you." This seems to be all we
know about sugar, that is that it is the
ideally sweet thing. Yet, the fact that
many persons think that plantation
sugars are sweeter than pure, white,
refined sugars show that there is a dif-
ference of opinion even as to the
sweetness of sugar. The introduction
of salt into food excites the nerves of
taste and, when the combination is
skillfully made, intensifies the seeming
sweetness of some things. This may
account for the use of salt by some
persons in eating musk melons.
It is generally recognized that grape
8igfF, 5P gaISaim, It fr B6w cae
sugar in its sweetening power. It is
likewise held by many persons that
beet sugar, although chemically iden-
tical with cane sugar, falls far be-
low the latter in sweetening power.
Just as we may test wians for alcohol,
we can test sugar for its sucrose con-
tent. Chemical analysis enables us
do this with what seems to be complete
accuracy, but when we come to the
question of flavor we find that a-wine
or given alcoholic content may not pe
worth more than one-tenth the price of
another wine of the same alcoholic
content. May It not be possible then,
that sugars of the same sucrose con-
tent, chemically may vary greatly in
their sweetening power?
We are led to these reflections by
reading an article from the London
Lancet, recently published in the Inter-
national Sugar Journal, under the cap-
tion of "What is Sweetness," which we
reproduce in this issue. It will be found
quite interesting to our readers.
Some years ago, in conversation with
Prof. Remain, of the John Hopkins
University, we referred to this difficult
problem, the determination of the
sweetness of sugar, chemical analysis
failing to cover that point, and thW
professor responded to the effect that
he believed that by taking a class of
students and submitting to them lines
lines of samples of sugar or of sugar
solutions, the original of which was un-
known to them that their average
judgment after a considerable series
of experiments, would finally deter-
mine the main fact as to which of
the two kinds of sugar was the sweet-
er, although perhaps not establishing a
degree of sweetness.
It will be remembered that Prof.
Remsen was the discoverer, or at least
the promoter of the discovery of Fahl-
berg's saccharine, he having directed
Fahlberg, then a student at John Hop.
kins, in a line of studies of coal oil
products, which resulted in that Fahl-
berg, who was then a student of Prof.
Remsen, discovered that one particular
combination was exceptionally, by
having accidentally put his finger in
his mouth and saccharine, 200 times
sweeter than cane sugar was thus dis-
Prof. Remsen offered to undertake
these investigations to determine the
difference in sweetness between cane

Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, August 15, 1900.

and beet sugar, as we in Loulsana
were then very much interested in the
matter but the poltival status of su=
gar having been considerably distur-
bed by other causes, these investiga-
tions lapsed for the time being.
Some twenty or twenty-five years
ago, before the redivius of the beet
sugar industry in this country, the
same matter was considered at Har-
vard University, and it was suggested
that the Commons, in Memorial Hall,
where some 1,100 pupils were then
fed in common, should consume cane
sugar one month, and beet sugar an-
other month, and following this rou-
tine for perhaps a year, determine. if
practicable, any difference that might
iLise from thi ui;C 6f oIlir "¶t.;
sugars. The experiment was never un-
dertaken, and so far as we learn, there
have nowhere been any carefully con-
ducted experiments of this kind, and
we to-day are without any information
aslo the relative merits of cane, beet
and grape sugar for sweeetening, al-
though we are thoroughly advised as
to their chemical constituents.-Louis-
ana Planter.

What IN Isaweeta
With all the enormous advances
made in our knowledge of the consti-
tution of matter, yet both physically
and chemically, we are not yet able to
supply the complete answer to such a
simple question as why is sugar
sweet? The chemistry of sugar gives
perhaps a bare hint in the way of ex-
planation, but sweetness is undoubt-
edly a condition where constitu-
tion or structure, rather than percent-
age composition is responsible for a
specific physical property. Smell is a
related subject, and at present we can-
not tell what determines the charac-
teristic smell of many familiar sub-
stances. The chemical composition of
turpentine or oil of roses is identical
with that of a good many other
essential oils, that is to say, the
percentage and kind of elements in
these bodies are the same; but no one
would maintain for a moment that tur-
pentine or oil of cloves is as pleasant
as oil of roses.
We are dealing here with a question
which most probably relates to the ar-
rangement of the atoms in the mole-
cule. Doubtless a difference in the
relative position of atoms determines
a great difference in physical charac-
ter. In other words the elementary
materials are the same, but they are
placed, so to speak, in such a way in
diffcrnt bodies having the bame com-
position as to present manifold shapes.
A given structure, for emaple may
contain a certain number of bricks
and present an ugly exterior, but
the same number of bricks way be
contained In another structure which
may present an artistic and pleasing
appearance. Sugar is not the only
substance known to us possessing
sweetness, but it is the only known
naturally occurring substance which
posess this characteristic. Therefore it

Whole No. 1385

is not uncommonly thought that when veil and myself at Dodds Botanical
a substance is sweet it must contain Station over three crops, but as our
sugar. Much a notion, of coiinr.n. lI JMi88M (L 9IS9 aff 918 WiihB 8 IB
quite erronious. Glycerine is sweet, but to the present) is very unsatisfactory,
contains no sugar; saccharin is 500 we are not surprised that the attempt
times sweeter than cane sugar and is has been a failure. During the first
a definite chemical substance without year's experiments the result was that
a trace of sugar in its composition. It the plants from the richer canes gave
is probable, however, that some ana- the crop of juice richest in sugar; the
logy exists between the structure of results were reversed in the second and
these bodies, that is to say, in relative third years. For the plants from the
position of the atoms which determines 'rich' canes produced canes both lower
the common property, though in vary- in tonnage and poorer In sugar than
ing degree of being sweet. those from the 'poor' canes. The ex-
It is, at any rate, remarkable that periments were only carried out on
according to the respective formula small single plots.
assigned to these bodies by chemists, "At Mauritius, Monsieur Boname
starting with the body which contains gives the result of experiments carried
the le-At iiiiii6EF 6f n&FBpMr atfn out for two Jmar and th~on reoalte are
namely glycerine, which contains negative.
three atoms-the rest of the substances "Looking at the matter from a thee-
possessing sweetening power contain retical standpoint one cannot help
exact multiples of this number. Thus thinking that canes produced from the
grape sugar contains six atoms of car- buds of a parent caneare likely even
bon, cane sugar twelve atoms of car- I grown under precisely similar con-
bon, milk sugar, also twelve atoms, editions ,(if t were possible to do so) to
malt sugar twelve atoms again, while manifest slight differences in their var-
that intensely sweet substance sac- ious properties, such as the length of
charin contains six atoms of carbon in their joints, the amount of sugar and
its main group. Possibly this fact is other substances in their cells, the ger-
reiTa te t He physical characteristic of minative power of their buds, and as
sweetness. It is an interesting matter, on; one would expect that canes so
this question of the relative positions produced from buds while exhibiting
of the atoms deciding physical char. no striking varitation from the parent
actors; for two different substances would oscillate as it were, in their
may coincide exactly in composition, properties about the mean formed by
one of which is quite harmless, while the parent plant, and that by selecting
the other is a powerful poison.-Lon- canes richest in one of those properties
don Lancet. (say sugar production) the canes pro-
duced from buds of the daughter canes
would oscilliate in their properties
Improvement of Sugar ane by about a new mean (that of their nloth-
Chemical Selection. er canes) and a mean slightly higher
At the last meeting of the West In- than that of what I may call the grand
dian Sugar Conference, held at Barba- mother cane. And one would expect
does, the following paper was read by that by repetition of this process of se-
Pror. ADuquerque:i electing the richest from which to prop-
"The next point to which I have to agate, the average richness of the vari-
invite the attention of the Conference ety would be increased. Admitting that
is the question as to whether it is prac- It is possible for the sugar cane to con-
ticable to enrich any given variety of tain more sugar than it does now, it
cane by selecting tops for seed cane does not, in order to test the theoretical
from those canes whose actual analysis possibility of this enrichment, seem
of juice show to be richest in sugar. necessary to me to show as suggested
"Planters have been blamed for not those striking variations known as bud
having already improved their canes variation; the essence of the idea lies
by this method, and against the prob- in a gradual integration of small differ-
ability of the method proving a success ences, and not in a change per saltum.
have been urged that the richest canes But even if it were necessary, we know
in a field are often simply the ripest that bud variations do, though rarely,
or best nourished, that tops from such occur in the sugar cane, from the
richest canes have less germinative drawing and striking specimens now
power and are more liable to fungoid exhibited by Dr. Morris at this confer-
attack in the young stage, that careful ence.
observation has failed to detect bud "From a practicable point of view,
variation in the sugar cane, and that however, there is a very great difficulty
the high variability of the sugar enan in oarrying out the exierlment aagia
produced from seed shows that seed is factorily; and that difficulty is, admit-
far more satisfactory and probably the ting that in a given variety of cane
only way of increasing the weight and some individuals possess greater in-
richness of the sugar cane. herent sugar producing powers :han
"'Glancing briefly at what has been others, how are we to find them? What
attempted in this direction, Messrs. test shall we apply? For the cane
Thompson and Edson at Calumet, in which on any given lay has the rich-
Louisiana, carried on some experiments est juice may not be the one with the
for about three years and report that richest potentialities. It may. as has
they considered they had achieved been urged, be simply the richest be-
some success. On a very small scale cause better exposed to the light, bet-
an attempt has been made by Mr. Bo- ter nourished from ft3 position in the


stool, etc. If on the other hand we
do not simply select plants from the
richer individual cane., but as sug-
gested by Mr. Kobu, select our plants
from the stool displaying the highest
average richness, may not this again be
due to this stool being better from hav-
ing gotten started a little earlier than
neighboring stools, or being riper from
some other accidental cause not inher-
ent in the cane from which it sprung?
I confess I do not see any way out of
the difficulty and can only hope that by
combining all methods, i. e., of select-
ing the similarly situated richest canes
from the richest stools, and doing this
with a large number of plants that on
the average we may succeed in hitting
on a much larger proportion of the in-
herently richer canes. Dealing with
the objection that plants from these
richer canes will germinate badly, and
a smaller proportion of them will
germinate than from ordinary plants, I
Rhes as a1 a a" MM Z = -s
mmative power. There is, no doubt,
a limit beyond which a cell of a cane
plant can no longer produce sugar and
live; a limit of sugar contents beyond
which the protoplasmic functions of
the cane cell would be so interfered
with so reduced in vigor, that the
plan would die or at least be un-
healthy; but assuming that the vari-
ety experimented with has a fair mar-
gin of protoplasmic contents, and so a
fair margin of vegetative vigor to be
encroached upon, I do not see why the
percentage of sugar should not be in-
creased and yet the plant retain suf-
ficient germinative power for practical
purposes. All that would be wanted in
the ripe cane (in the experimental
stage) would be sufficient germinative
power to produce with care and irri-
gation a healthy plant; this is, of
course, simply in the experimental
stage. When the variety in experi-
mental cultivation had been sufficient-
ly (as far as practical) enriched, it
would probably be planted out in the
estates from unripe or less ripe plants.
and therefore from plants that retained
more protoplasm and greater germin-
ative power than plants from ripe

Orgwanition to Fight Orange Pests.
Advices from Tampa, Fla., of July
22, say: "An orange growers' conven-
tion has been called to meet at Clear-
water on Thursday. It is for the pur-
pose of forming an association in the
county of Hillsboro and making a de-
termined and organized fight on the
pests which are now appearing in cer-
tain sections. These insects and ail-
ments are doing some damage, and it is
feared that if something is not done
the results will be disastrous. It has
been deemed wise to call this conven-
tion so that all growers can get to-
* ether and state their experience.
Some of the leading residents of the
west coast have joined in signing the
call, and there will be a large number
present. The scales have appeared on
the west coast more than in any other
section of the county, but it is feared
that they will be in every grove after
a time, unless,gome organized method
in tak B 1p whereby they may be
stamped out."
Polats for reach Orowers.
1. Location of Orchard.-Sandy soil
or sandy loam of naturally dry, or un-
derdralned, protected it possible on the
went and northwvOt 1by a windbreak.
A northeast exposure or slope is par-
ticularly desirable.
2. Varieties.- Select varieties that
have been proved the hardiest for the
locality or hardy in comparison with
known hardy kinds.
3. Trees.-Healthy stocks raised from
seed of so-called natural trees and
budded from healthy bearing trees.
One year old trees at planting out be-
ing headed back to a height of two feet
or less.
4. Culture.--Clean cultivation from
early spring until the last of July.
What weeds grow after this time mow
and leave them lying on the ground.
5. Pruning.-Prune every spring, cut
tine away one-third of the previous
nsenMsI growth.
6. Fertillsing.-Fertilise liberally ev-
ery year with mineral fertilizers.


7. Insects.- In fall and early spring
dig out borers from root and crown.
Every spring wash the body and larger
lmlm with a soap adlutloan-nut 8"Vp,
hard brown soap or whale oil soap-
with the addition of a little crude car-
bolic acid. ALn mm- Ona
8. Disease.-Remove promptly and
burn up any tree affected with yellows EUl
or any other fatal disease. For curl-
leaf spray every year, late in winter or a S
6ealy in spring WBlle tle buds are dor- o'l
mant, with a solution of copper sul-
phate, one pound to twenty gallons of
water, or with Bordeau mixture.
9. Protection from Rodents.-Protect lEND US Q hE POL
during winter the base of the tree from c. ss e.u.s.o ea" JrL Mn a-m
rabbits and mice. n v spao C mi
/-l-il-. Yoo---rItatt It U D~ yu
10. Marketing.-Be honest in pack- aPje fsaan efu_ m ea i
Ing. Grade the fruit into three sizes, bal$hiaiSb 5sor~s at
firsts,'seconds and culls. Send to mar- eart iiil S daj -
ket only the firsts and seconds, each 75 ifl r AUYlU MICE
package the same throughout and the ,, .._
grade marked on the outside.-Vick's 10 -2sm
E -rn
Peach History. I
Nothing is now more universally ac- MM n Sof e a
cepted than that the peach is an Im- 5ar t mesem grt
proved variety of the almond. The al- Sif a. M'
mond has a thin shell around the stone _ImoE 1oalemh ns. 4 .
which splits and opens and exposes the %t- - ra- -s -kof6ml"
stone when mature. This outer skin umeo" t =i!
has simply become flesh in the peach, -.I- f". i 561
so that is all that gives it its specific ~~tSolw
character. It seems now clear from A L i~l ieaS
investigations in the history of ancient sd ev mora rs e-
Babylon, that in their gardens-now lu EE 2 YEARS 'J '.
nearly four thousand years ago-the w ais we5
peach was cultivated as it is now. It is.- -s oiiT o
must have been many years before this a* =6Lso eb sb rTt Wtpris
that the peach was improved upon the i tm.eal b
almond, and this fact goes to show the OdlRELIABLITY I ESTABLiU'UEB '
great antiquity of the fruit. Possibly mot audi rtum so jwar k tbeisoM t
gardening in some respects, at least g 0WES S i- -- S ems
so far as it relates to many of our cul- sopsw Ian f!-:-'r0. -t"8!4 M=' *"%-
I~1eaeos yoaora
tivated fruits, was as far advanced o Sss on esS 0i4 s
six, or perhaps eight or ten thousand m su mst
years back as it is to day. Phoenicians, S
as is proved by the records, had in
their gardens almonds, apricots, ban- a few feet perhaps. Dig it out from
anas, citrons, grapes, olives peaches, the bosom of the earth and enjoy the
and pomegranates; and even sugar bounties of nature.-Exchange.
cane was in extensive cultivation.
Certainly this shows how very far ad- NEWSPAPER ETIQUETTE.
vanced these nations were in garden Parties wishing to enter the printing
culture these many years ago.-Jama- office at this season should be governed
ica Journal. by the following rules: Advance to the
Horse Hint. inner door and give three distinct
It is easier to make a fool of a good raps or kick thedoor down. The
horse than train him to be a useful ant-dev wil attendtothe alarm. Yot
mal. And there is a wide difference will give him yonr name, post office
between breaking a horse and teach- address and te nubr year yo
ing him obedience. The former sug- have been owing for the paper. H
gests his overpowering by strength will admit you. You advances to the
and awkwardness; the latter his quiet center of the room and address the ed
itor with the following countersign:
Hagentle a compeastent veterinarian ex- Extend the right hand about two feet
Have a competent veterinarian ex- from the body with the thumb and
amine the teeth of your horses everyro e o th e thumb d
year, after they are five or six years finger extended, the thumb and in
old. Many digestive troubles are due dex fnger clasping a $10 bill, which
to improper mastication of food. No drops intothe extended hand of th
horse can thoroughly grind his feed editor, at the same time saying "Were
with disordered teeth or gums, or both, you looking for me?" The editor will
as is often the case. clasp the hand and the bill and press-
An experienced horse breeder re- ing it will say: "You bet!" After giv-
marks: "Horse breeding is now the ing him the news of your locality you
best paying vestment or theaver- will be permitted to retire with a re-
age farmer. The breeding of draft ceipt for an obligation properly dis-
age farmer. The breeding of draft charged.-Marcus (Iowa) News
horses will pay best. The demand for charged.-Marcus (Iowa) News
good draft horses far exceeds the sup-
ply." A great many farmers are well What a Dreadful Thing it In to wake
aware of these points and are acting up in the night suffering from cholera
accordingly. morbus, and yet cases of this kind are
Yes, it is all right to breed fillies at very common. The trouble, however,
two years of age. They will be nearly will never become serious if you keep
three years old when the colt comes, a bottle of Pain-Killer at hand, for it
and at that age ought to be pretty near- is a remedy that never fails to cure
ly developed. Some horses do not fully 1olera, cramps, larrnoea or dynone
develop until five or six years old. tery, Aviod substitutes, there is but
though we believe this fact cuts no one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price
important figure in the matter of 25c. and 50.
breeding fillies.
If a horse could speak he would at HIS WAY OUT.
times remonstrate against the treat- A certian Irish member of parliament
ment accorded him by his masters. For popular and a bachelor, had been very
instance, when driven to a stagnant polite to the daughter of the house
pond or muddy creek for a drink where he was visiting. When the time
would be one occasion for him to ex- came for him to go, the too anxious
press his displeasure. But he cannot mamma called him in for a serious
speak and apparently his master, in talk. "I'm sure I don't know what to
too many cases cannot see, and tlhe re- say," she went on. "'Tis reported all
suit is the faithful beast drinks water around that you are to marry Letitia."
with a green skum on it, from a shal- "Just say that she refused me,"
low pond teeming with all kinds of quietly advised the parliamentarian.-
"animals," or from a milk warm creek San Francisco Argonaut
&f BflifSB fliAt Vla S tv I ___HO}.
Good water is abundant everywhere; Sharple's Cream 1seprator-Proit-
it not on the surface it is beneath only able Dairying.

w new, is mef OWMs end mr-Wfll 3-ok bees-61cI
Mnd V urn bas11-6 0 heoU 3aI .
reka Hamm 0 il
I Mrn Well fir 1i., evr w" diamyuied. Ow
- cEolb msb boirned appewamom Pd In hi rni,
.Mf =18vmvlei.m =flg
U.0 wy ofr*5A55 9L V&

Ifll illlL

of Pasl Iawnre am made uinIur quexi.
PAGO wOeV wIE nIesUC0., AZUS, 2E0.

Stre' You Goint
To Plait Trees?'
We have a fine lot of Orange, Grape
Fruit and Kumquat trees.
A general line of fruit and nut trees,
roses, shrubbery, etc.
Low prices and frieght prepaid. Let
us mail you a cetalogue.
Summit Nurseries
Montcello. Fla.

proved most effioaet in prveoting and
curing Ba anad bhioke Chobler ane
kindred diesss. It is aeso a fie ooo-
ditlon powder. Sales are increasing. If
rmur deie dla't hat4 W R we ill man
It to you on receipt of price 15e per %
lb. Liberal discount to dealers, ISAAC
MORGAN, Agent. Klainmmee. VIa. It

gear' maW oassn L on
4^ tn MAm"UIC Cat 086& gut

. -.-.

. - MWr- T



S1.0a ahatl AN gemb.
t "A. a remedyfor n -o-or
to the lair I belife Aer Hair
Vigo has aso L It 8 UV
giren manrfect mtrtm

Aug.ls, lE. w .,onopo tN.Y.
Ia. the dmeseh
SHewl send y a book -% The
Bir ad 8 re u req ast.
fl oa do not ohsti d ll the b eo _o _t8
yog expetod_ trOa the uas of th
wnq, ri.tae Doctor Ibout t.
l 'J." 0. A e. s .

Food Value of Fruits.
The Department of Agriculture has
been making some investigation as to
the food value of fruits and, for several
years the agricultural departments of
several states have been working along
the same lines.
The increased consumption of fruits
has aroused interest in this matter and
the results are interesting, not so
much because they show that the
fruits that are most valuable as food
are not worth as much as potatoes, but
because we can rest satisfied after the
chemist has made his analyses that
fruits, fresh or dried, have some ele-
ments of value that escape the most ex-
haustive analyses.
That fruits are a very costly source
of nutrition no one needs to be told,
if we are looking for the greatest food
value for the least amount of money.
White bread is ten times more valu-
able as a support for the working
man than fresh fruits, and dried beans
are twice as valuable as white bread.
The cold-blooded chemist would say:
Save your money and buy bread and
beans, but nature tells us different. The
poor mechanic will buy fruit as well as
bread, meat and beans and he is wise
in so doing for the addition of the fruit
to his diet makes the whole more pal-
atable, refreshing and valuable. There
is much in the looks of the food we eat
as well as in its chemical composition.
No matter how nutritious a dish may
be, we do not relish it unless it looks
nice and tastes nice, and fruits make an
acceptable garnish to a meal that would
otherwise not look nice nor taste good.

pLots of
have thin
i hair. Pers
haps their
iad thin

haps their

children have thin
hair. But this does
not make it necessary
for them to have thin
upon- i or

makes the hair healthy
and vigorous; makes
it grow thick and
Iong. It cures dan-
druff also.
It always restores
color to gray hair,-
all the dark, rich color
of early life. There is
no longer need of i
your looking old be-
fore your time.

Besides this purely imaginary-but
none the less valuable-property of
fruits there is the acknowledged medici-
nal value of all fruits, from the earliest
rhubarb of spring to the apple that is
stored for winter. The whole list of
fruits is valuable for this purpose aside
from any food value they possess.
Any list of what to eat that seeks to
save money by leaving out all fruits
in their season is of no value, because
it would substitute chemical analyses
for a natural appetite which directs -to-
wards health and long life,
ananan Dumped Again
A Nashville,Tenn., dispatch of July
19, says:
'Twenty-nine cars of bananas were
dumped by the Louisville and Nash-
ville railroad into the muddy creek
Ashley today. The bananas were from
the southern states and billed for Chic-
ago. The freight amounted to $100 a
car. The entire bill being $2,900, is
paid by those uippero, who orlerea the
bananas dumped, it is said, so they
might raise the price of the product
in Chicago and other cities."
"It is stated that within the last six
months a great many thousand dollars
worth of bananas have been dumped in
this locality."
Reports on several previous occa-
sions told of bananas dumped by the
United Fruit Co. The Chicago mer-
chants who are fighting the United
Fruit Co., are reported to be wrought
up. Mr. John Crescio, one of the most
prominent Chicago merchants, is thus
quoted by the Chicago Tribune:
'The Fruit Dispatch people have
dumped over 300 cars of bananas this
spring. Never before in the history of
the banana trade In Chicago have we
known of dealers destroying fruit to
force up prices. The opinion among
the dealers is that the trust can't hold
out long."
"Prices on bananas are made up in
New York every Saturday night by the
trust," said John Zucca, a fruit broker,
who claims he was forced out of the
banana business by the trust. "Their
shipments are made from New Orleans
and Mobile and if their fruit ls not sold
when it reaches Cairo, Ill., it is dump-
ed into the river. This has been going
on for six months."
F. C. Wintrode, Chicago representa-
tive of the United Fruit company, de-
nies the dumping. He said
"Our company has never thrown
away fruit that was in marketable con-
dition. Of course, when bananas be.
come damaged or spoiled en route we
dump them rather than bring them in-
to the market to the detriment of the
trade. In doing this we are consider-
ing the interests of the dealers as well
as our own."-Fruit Trade Journal.

A Hint to Young Men.
"A little incident occurred in our es-
tablishment the other day," said a
prominent man, "that carried a moral
which I would like to see impressed
upon every young man entering a bus-
iness life. Not long ago I employed
a clerk who had been discharged from
another house in the same line. I
knew him to be competent, and a little
inquiry satisfied me that his dismissal
was due to a petty conspiracy among
some jealous fellow employees. So I
engaged him on a good salary, and he
has given thorough satisfaction. A few
days ago one of our staff was anxious
to know what consesslons were made
by the other house to a certain custom-
er in a neighboring city, and he went
to this young man for the information.
The clerk hesitated and looked distres-
sed and finally asked to be excused
from replying. 'I know the facts, of
course,' he said, 'but it is strictly a
confidential matter, and I don't think
I ought to divulge it to a rival firm.'
The department head who questioned
him took offense at his position, which
I am sure he would not have done
had he given the subject any thought
and reminded him pretty sharply that
he had been summarily discharged and
owed no allegiance to the other estab-
lishment. Nevertheless, the young
man stood firm, and the matter was re-
ported to me. I at once complimented
him on his honor and raised his salary,
which took him completely off his feet,

Had Rather be a Farmer.
When the old gentleman came from
his comfortable home in the country to
spend a couple of weeks with his pros-
perous son in Detroit he anticipated
the time of his life.
His first discomforting experience
was when he attempted to tread the
mAzes of a new-fangled set of stairs
in uncertain light of the evening. He
became mixed, thought that he was
down when he was not, took false
steps that jarred his head, said things
that had not passed his lips for 40
years and finally came down with a
thud in passing from a landing rug to
the polished floor. "I would'nt give 10
cents for those blanked infernal
stairs," was his greeting to his son.
"But they cost me $800."
"Don't care if they cost you eight
millions. What in thunder's sense of
parading all around the house to get
from one story to the other, taking
chances on getting lost or breaking
your neck? I'd tear them out ,if I
had to put up a ladder. Darnest fool
thing I ever saw."
His next vigorous protest was
against the delays and uncertainties of
a course dinner. He wanted things
right in sight so he could set his stakes
and eat accordingly. He was wroth on
coming down at 5.80 to find that the
cook was not even up, and went down-
town for something to stay his stom-
ach. He wouldn't have a high buggy
for a gift, if any body banged his
horse's tail he'd shoot, and the idea of
having a whole family to look after the
barn infuriated him.
"I'm going home." he announced on
the morning of the third day.
"What's the matter, father?"
"I would' give my barn well for
your whole dog gone water works.
Where's my hat."-Detroit Free Press.

The reader of this paper will be pleas-
ed to learn that there is at least one
dreaded disease that science has not
been able to cure in all its stages and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure now known
to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires
a constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
tarrrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby de-
stroying the foundation of the disease,
and giving the patient strength by
building up the constitution and assist-
ing nature in doing its work. The pro-
prietors have so much faith in its cur-
ative powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any ease that
it fails to cure. Send for list of testi-
Address, F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

. 4f

as he had fully expected to be told to
go. I wish the Importance of cultivat-
ing and encouraging such standards
was better understood. There are rew
things more dangerous to the average
business house than the thoughtless
tatlings of employees-not necessarily
discharged employees, but men who
are holding good positions and who en-
joy the full confidence of their super-
iors. Every establishment has se-
crets. I don't mean shady secrets, but
things of a private character, which are
as muein the exclusive property of tllo
house as the stock on the shelves. The
majority of the clerks obtain more or
less Inkling into such matters, and the
more important the subject the more
likely they are to blab it to some
outsider. Every employee ought to be
made to understand that the affairs of
his employers are things be has no
more right to give away than he would
their merchandise. I have observed
that young men who proceed on this
principle are pretty certain to win es-
teem and success."-N. 0. Times-Dem-

A Voice from the Pulpit

ew. 3mbe Huau, os ranmd amttan ,
Owa, Lou& ina Ul PFede or tist
Wrs.erlal RasePy wYhas
me Hra Umed wit eu a
.0 MmRt-a.
oma Lte rao Headsht, Grand Jmeitn,la.
No higher praise can be offered nor better
refreeens given eoneerning the virtume of
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
then the snpy ToJutl tw"tio"i*s.iltsW
minister of the gospel which have eomr
from all parts o the country and whieh
have more than supported all the claim
made for thin excellent medicine.
The most recent indorement is that com-
ing from Rev. Enoch Bill, pator of the M.
E. ehureh of GniMd Junction, Iow, who

"I am a firm believer in the efficacy t
Dr. William.' Pink Pills for Pale Popl
the remedy having been used in my family
with highly ratifying rults. For three
or four years wF. a uffewer from general
debility. I seemed to be king in vitaity,
was tired oat meet of the time and loep
gave me no rest or refreshment. I was
troubled with headache muh ofthe time
and although I wu not conm ed to my bed,
my illne incapacitated e for energetic
work in my patorte.
A miater--law living it Nebraeka, who
has suffered very much sad who has ued
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills with good re-
mulle, recommended thea to me and I de-
cided to try them. I had taken but two or
three deoe of the pill. when I found that
they were helping me sad further use of the
remedy brought much relief that I am glad
to ofer this public reBmOmmendation of Dr.
Williame' Pink Pill r Pale People In the
interest of suffering humanity.
M wife wai troubled much as I wa al-
though her e was aggravated by insom-
nia. The pills also proved of the greatest
benefit in her ease.
"I have recommended the pills to any
whom I have met in my work and am J.
ways pleaded to endoee them."
Signed Rav. ENOCH HULT.
At all drngjia or direct onm p. Wil-
liame' Medicine Company, Beheneetady,
N. Y., on receipt of prlee0 eante per box;
4 boxes, $ .5.

C T111111 AIL eO u oA
a A o to s, s ar oure
C0t bee, mad and,

mipslus. Coe sa
VMS by expresl, C.
L.n eIpT msad
onns you mas
er wee asess 0In rad
tf fou nd pera tly

s taslstoryt a
ed 4. MT

soaw orWre
of. Pew IM ns

e.a {aUllrI N ss. cal e
hm* U n sume es 6.e!ne is(U
eltboreealy embeo okisrd with isidsba Bas a id
,etling Eu= ftid. Tri., sIt srorm With dels
e Sise 1tr. heenl Lyt ilmned with Waddin
'and O tber g camofl es

(((( ((t-,eeoeeeeee(e ..e S-loser -*

thin blood, weack lungs and
paleness. You have them In
hot weather as well as In cold.
~ them In summer as In winter.:Z
It Is creamy looking and pleas-
tant tasting.
sic and()~(((( 9cm;elIb)m



Boelle and Its Uses.
This plant was grown in India long
before Avon Park was planted on the
map of Floridp and we are fortunate
indeed to have it now growing in Avon
Park, though by transition of a letter
it is called "sorelle--Jamaca Sorelle-
a sorrow substitute for euphonious
"roselle," while all agree that it de-
serves the best of names.
Roselle can be depended upon to
make the best of its situation. Leave
it in a corner totally neglected, choked
with grass and weeds, it grows a few
inches high, tipped with a single bud,
while with a little attention it makes
a good sized bush; but plant it in mel-
low sandy soil in June, with -no neigh-
bors nearer than a dozen feet, scatter
a pound of fruit and vine fertilizer
wide about it,.give it frequent shallow
cultivation, and it is interesting to
observe its rapid growth from week to
week. In October it will be six to
ten feet high and twenty to thirty in
circumference. A pleasing sight at all
times, but especially so in November
with its bright red branches and buds
covered with hundreds of cream white,
crimson eyed blossoms as large as a
silver dollar.
The chief interest in roselle is that
it is food for the hungry, and drink for
the thirsty. Its praises have been sung
in every home in Avon Park, and the
writer, who has been engaged for the
past three years in distributing roselle
seeds and plants throughout the state,
has hejad ai~thi B l ai goo report
from them.
The first use of roselle is for greens
of which it makes the very best Sow
the seed thickly in rich soil. "All Fool's
Day" or any other day until September
give it partial shade and plenty of
water. If you don't like greens give
the hens a chance and they will take
every leaf. The buds are forming the
last of October and before blooming
make excellent sauce. In November
the blossoms appear new every morn-
ing and drop next day leaving the seed
capsule and the fleshy calyxes or whorl
of leaves that surround it to develop
raviSdif TA6 M SSS APY Lap w !aY,
and the seed capsules thrown away.
The calyxes are used for sauce and
salads, pies, pickles and tarts, marma-
lade and butter, jam and jelly, wine
and vinegar; also mixed with other
dried fruits with good results. A hot
water infusion makes a delicious bev-
erage, and a sour wine resembling clar-
et is made for a few cents per gallon.
Thirty days after blooming the ca-
lyxes should be picked and exposed to
the sum for three days, after this they
will keep indefinitely and can be used
for all purposes as before. These dried
roselles have a commercial, value, and
are quoted at one dollar a pound in
New York.
The state of Florida is favorably sit-
uated for supplying the whole country
with roselle, and can profitably use im-
mense quantities at home. Our state
department of agriculture, horticultur-
al society and experiment station have
given much attention to the culture of
cassava. Now let them take under con-
sideration a crop that may prove no
less valuable to all the people, tor
every man or woman that has any land
can grow roselle.
Boselle is quite sensitive to cold and
frost, but a partial crop at least may
be had in every county and some years
a full crop. The writer does not as-
sume to know all about roselle, but
submits these few items from personal
experience, hoping that it may inter-
est and benefit the people.-E. E.
Thompson, Avon Park., Fla., in South-
Florida Sun.

Creos rtiiuation of Grapes.
In a brief summary of Bulletin No.
169, from the New York Agricultural
Experiment Station, is found some val-
uaMl e lrormation for gTraD culture,
Like pistillate strawberries, many va-
rieties of grapes need cross-fertiliza-
tion. Standing alone, these varieties fail
to set fruit, or give poor yields of im-
perfect bunches. To get perfect fruit-
age these grapes must be mingled with
varieties which not only bloom at about
the same time, but which, also, are

strongly self-fertile. This last point-
that the pollinating variety must be
strongly self-fertile, not merely a dif-
ferent variety-has been brought out
by last season's experiments at Gen-
It will not do to mingle vines of Ver-
gennes, Barry, Eumelan and Salem,
expecting them to fertilize each other;
for though they bloom at about the
same time, all are self-sterile or imper-
fectly self-fertile; and such varieties
can not fertilize each other better than
each fertilizes its own blossoms. Neith-
er will it be safe to depend upon Clin-
ton or Ulster, Bailey or Carman to fer-
tilize Brighton. Though these four
varieties are all good fertilizers, Clin-
ton and Ulster bloom before Brighton
does. Bailey and Carman later.
The results of careful experiments
along these,lines are announced in Bul-
letin No. 169, and its lists of grape
varieties classified by degree of self-
fertility and period of bloom are given.
This bulletin should be in the hands of
every vineyardist and will be sent on
application to the station. Your name
and address and the number of the bul-
letin on a postal card will be sufficient.

For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Uath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and atinoture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent, of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
BDrjaf fltrst'i fvarannaab, S9.

Fine-Tobacco Culture in Florida.
There are now over 1400 acres of Cu-
ban and Sumatra tobacco growing
around Quincy, Gadsden Co., under
cover-either a simple slat arbor or an
arbor supporting cheese cloth. This.
with the small crop growing in the
open, will make, it is estimated, 9000
bales as the output for the county this
year, worth about $800,000 or $900,000.
This plan of covering tobacco was
begun about five years ago with less
than an acre, and the results were so
favorable that the acreage has rapidly
increased. The arbors cost from $250
to $300 an acre. They consist of lat-
ticework, woven of wire and lath; the
laths are about 1% inches wide, and
are spaced about the same distance
apart, thus affording a half shade.
Where cheese-cloth is spread over it.
the lattice is more open. The sides
of the shed are well closed UD to pre-
I S 3 *. -. -. -- -lXax- nmk
ae6I rIB winua irorm gatug na --
tearing the cloth. The roof is suffic-
iently elevated so that a buggy can be
driven anywhere underneath; yet
horse cultivation is practically aban-
doned. The hoe and the rake are used
The plants grow tall and spindling.
There are plants that reach the roof,
notwithstanding they have been
topped. This topping is done betimes
in the development of the seed-buds,
so that the sap which would have gone
into the blossoms is diverted into the
leaves, and the topmost ones are as
large as those lower down.
The exceeding fineness of the leaf-
tissue of these shade-grown leaves is
the feature that increases their value.
It is stated that it takes 350 to 400
leaves to weigh a pound. Such tall
and npindling plante, Ig standing out-
doors, would be blown over by a very
slight wind. Even under the cover,
one topples over once in a while; but
it is carefully straightened up, the
earth is pressed around its roots, and
the -stem is tied up with a string to
the roof. The most delicately nurtured
plant in a hothouse could hardly be

more tenderly treated. There are
three men employed to the acre until
harvest time; then the force is greatly
All these large covered plantations
are systematically irrigated; this has
been resorted to occasionally even In
this uncommonly iainy summer of a
Florida "rainy season." The water is
pumped up from a creek through six-
inch mains by power pumps. Some
use the furrow system where the land
is level; others have systems of revolv-
ing sprinklers like lawn sprinklers.
The most elaborate and interesting
system is used by the Sumatra Tobac-
co Company; the springing is conduct-
ed on top of the shed so that it is like
a shower of rain falling down through
the slats. There is a pipe about 000
feet long, mounted on wooden rollers,
about two feet about the roof. On this
pipe are erected revolving sprinklers,
each with a radius of about 25 feet.
One "riser" with a hose attached, con-
veys the water up from the mains on
the ground into the pipe which feeds
the sprinklers.
When the apparatus Is to be used,
the men ascend to the roof and take
their stations, one at each end of the
pipe and others along at convenient In-
tervals, so that there shall be enough to
push the pipe along. The woter Ia
turned on, and when enough has been
given to the plants below, the pipe
is shoved along about fifty feet, or
twice the radius of the sprinklers.
Thus successive strips are irrigated un-
til the lower side or tue feid is
reached. The pushing of the pipe is
facilitated by the slight downward
slope. When the irrigation is ended,
the pipe is emptied and thus made
light, so that the men are able to push
it back up the slope to the upper side
of the field. Each man has a solid
board walkway to travel on, running
along the top of the roof.
Harvesting is done by priming-that
is, the leaves are picked off one by one
successively from the bottom of the
plant upward, as they ripen, and these
are strung in strings, with needles and
throad. by women and children. Tak-
Iug i FtIMF ast a vaimation u4 4i66
per acre, the total investment, includ-
ing a barn to three acres, is about $600
per acre; yet this investment has, in
instances, been recovered the first sea-
son, and sometimes more.-S. Powers in
Country Gentleman (The typo must
have made a mistake in figures as to
the number of leaves in a pound of
wrappers. If it had read 250 to 300
leaves to a pound it would have been
nearer correct. Ed.)

When You Vijit, memberr
If a pleasure is proposed, accept it.
You are expected to be entertained.
The host's chair and the host's desk
are not to be invaded.
Keep your own room neat. Disorder
is most trying to the maid, who will
complain of it.
And be agreeable to all guests,
whether you like them or not.
Always ask your hostess what her
yPlana mren IZOE 1 atOW am" *
All visitors should recollect that
their evenings belong to the host and
hostess, and they are expected to add
to their enjoyment.
Absent yourself some hours in the
morning so that the mistress of the
house will have a chance to settle her
affairs. This sort of consideration is
Be stone blind, deaf, and dumb to all
family matters of an unpleasant na-
ture in a household. Be punctual at
meals. To be late is a disrespect to
your hostess-bad form for yourself.-
Washington Post.

It is stated that 30,000,000 paces of
playing cards were produced in this
country last year. Yet there are peo-
ple who are conriuvl d tlt ttlOFO was
not a winning hand in the whole

An Italian scientist announces that
dreams are hereditary. The inference
is that the ancestors of the people who
have nightmare were hoss jockeys.


One hundredth session begins Sep-
tember I9th, igoo. Rooms in dormi-
tory free. Excellent board in Students'
Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
annum. For further information write
AthMs, U

s1,00 for a came of Pies we can't cure.
Write for tree books. Addree
Belleview, -



A kbudoetly UlMn4d Meekl. LUmmt rvtv
NIUNN & CO,"'fc*'',llml Y
iao. -oitfLaWnM~t toh wme .
seaftrAer.e t

four .9t P. 5000 byal dn.
"efMreafter! Now Ylak

ses. Anyone.
Work for us. Over ,000 ust think) money-
making secret and other useful nfortion
for $1.0 A, dress "A," PALMETTO SUP-
PLY CO., LocA Box 183. DeLand,Fla. tf

Cream Biscuit--Take sour cream 1%
pints with sufficient flour to make a
rather stiff dough, to this add one heap-
ins teaasoonful of baking soda and a

roll out, cut and put into buttered pans,
brushing the top of each with melted
butter. Bake as quickly as possible
and serve hot.-Catbarine Blanc.
A bottle of sweet oil is the house-
wife's friend. Few know the many uses
to which it may be put. It will clean
bronzes; after carefully rubbing them
with oil they should be polished with
chamois skin. In laying knives away,
apply a little sweet oil very lightly, and
wrap them in tissue paper; this will pre-
vent their rusting. For inflammatory
rheumatism dissolve in a pint of sweet
oil one ounce of pulverized saltpetre,
and thoroughly rub the parts affected.
Sweet oil will clean metals; rub the
metal with flannel cloth and wash off in
warm soapsuds. A bottle containing
two parts of oil to one of lime water,
will be excellent for sunburn.-Ex.
"You think you know all about wo-
men, don't you?" asked the newly mar-
ried boarder.
"No," replied the savage bachelor,
"and I am mighty glad I don't"--Indi-
anapolls Journal.


; -. -- - -.I_


All commualcation or enquiries forthis de
prtment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

SThe Other Side.
Some days ago we received a letter
from a grower who evidently believes
that every one is his sworn enemy and
that everything done is done especial-
ly to worry him. He was bewailing
the fact that he had to pay $2.00 per
ton more for acid phosphate this year
than he did last and claimed combina-
tion, trusts, etc., to keep -down the
There is always two sides to a ques-
tion and it Is unjust to condemn with-
out first knowing both sides. The
grower's side is that he did buy acid
phosphate cheap and now has to pay
more. Why? The manufacturer's side
is the answer. For a few years the
price of rock and acid phosphate has
been gradually getting lower and low-
er, owing to over production of the
mines and the desire to "push trade."
Cutting of prices was resorted to and
sales were finally made at price i lIe
than actual cost. This was a saving
to the grower, but death to the phos-
phate people who did not have a large
backing. Look over the state of Flor-
ida and the ruins of phosphate plant
testify to the loss caused by the fall
of prices. Last season there was an
unusual demand for fertilizer owing to
the large planting, caused by the in-
creased prices received for crops. This
quickly used up all of the surplus stock
and then came a demand for more
goods. The price was then placed on
a paying basis for the phosphate peo-
ple and they were enabled to openn
their mines and factories and give em-
ployment to hundreds of hands.
It was bad for the farmer that the
condition of the country was uh:b that
he could buy his phosphate below
actual coat, for at the amar time hao
had to take a very low price for his
produce, and in the end he was the
The cause that brought about the in
creased price for his crops, was the
same that brought a healthy business
to the phosphate manufacturers.
Should not the planter be better sat-
isfied with good prices for his crops
and pay an Incuraned price far bhi
phosphate, rather than get but little
for his produce and buy his phosphate
for less than it cost to produce it?

Editor Fertilizer Department.
I have a lot of hen manure that I
want to compost for my IBMUt La.l,
Can I use kainit and lime with it? I
noticed by an article in the Agricultur-
ist that lime was good for muck land
and thought I could save time and Im-
prove the compost at the same time.
T. L. T.
By no means use lime with your hen
manure as it will at once tree the
ammonia and render it practically
worthless. Unleached ashes will do
the same thing. You can use kainit in
the compost to advantage as it is an
absorbent of ammonia and also fur-
nishes potash. The salt of the kainit is
also a germicide for certain kinds of
blight germs and helps to decompose
the other material.

Knowledge at yertilers and Man-

The following article, taken from the
1890 Year Book of the department of
agriculture, relative to the early
knowledge and use of artificial fertil-
isers will be interesting reading. It
shows that even in the early early
days it was necessary to apply artifi-
cial fertilizers:-
The cihmicAl oiWi180 at t le ium.
position and functions of fertilizers at
the beginning of the nineteenth century
was extremely nebulous. Experience
of a wholly empirical nature had
shown from the earliest history of ag-
riculture the value of certain refuse
products of the stable and the barn-
yard in increasing the yield of crops;
but the component parts of these ma-

trials and the manner in which they
acted were entirely unknown. It was
the custom in many of the older coun-
tries for the farmers to increase the
litter of the farmyard by gathering
leaves and twigs, which were used in
bedding the animals. As, for instance,
it is said of Kllyogg; "He is attentive
also to gather all the dried leaves,
moss, and rushes from his ground that
can serve for litter. ** A compost dung-
hill appears to him an object of so
great importance to the improvement
of land that of all branches of labor he
*egrets the want of assistance in this
the most. * In prosecution of this de-
sign, in autumn during the moon's in-
crease, Kliyogg goes into his wood
with a hedge bill to prune the super-
numerary branches of the fir and pine
trees. * These he binds into fagots
and carries home. * At leisure hours,
and especially in long winter evenings,
he prepares these faggots for the pur-
poses Intended. *By this method he
amasses many proper materials for
good manure." -
Kliyogg was also careful to preserve
the liquid manures which exuded from
his stables and for this purpose he con-
atructed trenches in hin cow hounra, It
is interesting to know that, unwitting-
ly, he had discovered the true function
of much of this material, which he re-
garded as a ferment. The record says:
"Thus placed, it receives the urine and
dung of his cattle, and being always
kept half full of water, it forms a thick
mixture and serves as a ferment, with
which a very great quantity of water
may in a very short time be converted
into liquid manure. One portion of
this ferment being mixed with seven
portions of the freshest spring water
soon makes the whole become corrupt,
especially if the reservoir in which the
mixture is made is of wood and placed
in a warm situation, or if an artificial
heat is substituted in case a natural
heat is wanting. By means of this fer.
mentation an excellent manure is pro-
duced, which proven the bhot arelWtnt
which can be given to such meadow
and arable lands as are naturally dry."
The earlier accounts of scientific ag-
riculture at the beginning of the cen-
tury recognized the great value of gyp-
sum as a fertilizing material. All writ-
ers refer favorably to its use. The use
of gypsum as a fertilizer is said to
have been the discovery of Rev. Mr.
Meer. naetor of Kupferaell, Germany,
Mr. Myer published a detailed account
of the manner of using gypsum. Ac-
cording to the method described by
him, gypsum should be spread in Its
natural state after being reduced to
powder, and is useful upon meadows
eeulllning Dotl the common and cultl
vated grasses. Mr. Meyer also found
gypsum valuable for peas, vetches, len-
tiles, oats rye, and tobacco. Its most
surprising effect, however, was upon
clover, and this in soils the most dry
and arid. On marshy ground it was
found to produce no good effect. It
is urged that gypsum should be spread
upon the grass or grain before it be-
gins to shoot. Upon meadows, the best
time for spreading is stated to be at
the melting of the snow, and upon
fields of grain, as soon as they are
sown. Benjamin Vaughn, the trans-
lator of "The Rural Socrates," says
that at the end of the last century and
at the beginning of the present gyp-
sum was used largely in the United
$tates, and he refers to the writings
of Judge Peters, Robert Morris, Dr.
Mitchill, Mr. Bordley, and others on
the subject.
The use of marl was also fully un-
derstood at the beginning of the cen-
tury. Since. the time of the Roman
conquest, and probably before, the
marl beds of northern France and
southern Belgium have been constant-
ly exploited. Great hollows are found
in many of the fields of northern
France made by the excavation of
mapn many t:nturiea agfl lii lLss
calls the marl bed "that mine of tarm-
ing gold," and says: "I owe to this
marl not only abundant harvests, but
the character of my children. It is
true that they murmured against me at
first for employing them in hard labor.
even during the winter. * But at
length the rich harvests with which
Providence blessed us forced them to

' confess that I had said nothing which GOVBEROR N CORD
was not both true and useful."
The true function of marl, however, ReoMailadt P*-Irx-O FPO Ctarrh.
was but little understood, and even its
chemical composition was practically
t Mkuknow by thoa Ubang it.
In the article on husbandry, in "The
Spectacle Nature." the "Prior, in con-
versation with the Chevalier, says in
regard to manure: "This manure,
which completes what the dews of
heaven had begun, is the most con-
temptible substance upon the face of
the earth and is chiefly composed of
the litter taken from stables and sheep-
folds; dove houses, hencoops and the
dwellings of all domesticated animals
furnish manures that differ in their
degrees of heat, and which being blen-
ded together, as well as quenched and
corrected by each other, replenish lie
land with all the fertility it had lost"
Among other substances which the
Prior mentioned as being used for
manures, are straw, stubble, !hells of
pulse, useless leaves, refuse of garden Hon M McCbrd.
herbage, rotten wood, chimney and
oven soot, rags, flair of animals, cut- Hon. Myron H. MeCord, Ex-Governor
tings of leather, skins of beasts, bark of New Mexico, in a letter to Dr. Hart-
of trees, lees of wine, sediments of oil. man, from Washington, D. C., says:
malt dunt. tannern' hark, dycr' lacn, Dear Sir-At the asunestion oft friend
soapsuds, of which last It is said, I as advi*ed to ue Pe-ra-n for eatarr,
"which are commonly -thrown out of and after using one bottle I began to
the laundry as useless, though soap Is feel better in every way. It helped me
impregnated with oils and salts, which in many respects. I was troubled with
are the principal elements of plants." cold, cougnhs sore throat, etol but a
The Prior also says: "No kind of soon as I had taken your medicine I
manure has more prolific qualities than began to improve and soon got well. I
the soil which is swept from populous take pleasure in recommending your
cities, and especially those where a great remedy to all who are afflited
great number of kitchens and dyers of with catarrh-M. H. MoCord.
wool are continually discharging into The spring presents a much more
the streets a fat and oily sediment, favorable opportunity for the plrm-
which s very beneficial to corn. r net uere of chronic catarrh, especially
The value of ashes is fully recog- old, stubborn oases. Now is the time to
nized, in the essay of husbandry, by begin treatment. Insist upon having
the Prior, who says that they can sup- bePgn treatment no sut cpon h ngces
ply the place of all the rest if a suffi- stru. There r no sneceMfnl sub-
cient quantity can be obtained. The stituteo for this remedy. Send to Dr.
ashes of wood are preferred to those of Hartman, Columts, Ohio, for a free ow
any other substance. He advises the tarrh book.
burning of turf for the purpose of e-
curing ashes. The methods of forming manured our ground with herrings, or
composts it ashes are fully de- rather shades, which we have in great
scribed. abundance and take with great ease
The prevailing idea at that time that at our doors. Our corn did prove well,
oil is one of the most valuable of man- and God be praised, we had a good
ures is developed in his description, it increase of Indian corn, and our barley
being stated that "oil and salts consti- indifferent good."
tute the chief merit of manure."
The fact that the principal value of Thoma Morton, in his "New Eng-
dahca is due to the notaah Dhna_ land Canaan," London. 1632.wrote of
phoric acid which they contain was not Virginia:
even suspected by the earlier scientific "There is a fish (by some called
agriculturists. The early agricultur- shadds, by some allizers) that at the
ists in our country were imbued with spring of the year passe up the riv-
the customers of their European homes ers to spawn in the pond, and are tak-
in regard to the use and value of man- en in such multitudes in every river
nuFo, although upon the virgin lainl that hath a pond at the end that the
there seemed to be little necessity for inhabitants doung their ground with
the application of fertilizing substances them. You may see in one township, a
The necessity of fertilizers, however, hundred acres together set with these
soon became evident, especially on fsh, every acre taking 1,000 of them,
lands planted continuously to cereals and an acre thus dressed will produce
and to tobacco. When the first abund- and yield so much corn as three acres
ant crops, due to the virgin fertility without fish; and least any Virginea
of the soil, began to diminish, the col- man would infere hereupon that the
onists received a valuable lesson in ground of New England was barren,
the use of artificial fertilizers from because they use more fish In setting
Squanto, one of the leading Indians of their corne, I desire them to be remem-
the New England coast. In Governor bered, the cause is plane in Virginea,
Bradford's "History of Plimouth Plan- they have it not to sett. But this prac-
tation" is given an account of the early tice is only for the indian maize
agricultural experiences of the Ply- (which must be set by hands), not
mouth colonists., In April, 1621, at the for English grain; and this is there
close of the first long dreary winter, fore a commodity thera."
"they (as many as were able) began to The following amusing quotation is
plant their corne. n which service from the records of the town of Ins-
Squanto, (an Indian) stood them in which, Mass., May 11, 1044;
great stead, showing them both ye "It is ordered that all the doggs for
manner how to set it, and after how to the space of three weeks from the pub-
dress and tend it. Also he told them, fishing hereof shall have one legg tyed
axcepte they got fish and set with it up, and if such a dogg shall 'break
(in these old grounds), it would come loose and be found doing harm the
to nothing; and he showed them yt owner of the dogg shall pay damage.
in ye middle of Aprill, they should If a man refuse to tye up his dogg's
have store enough come up ye brooke leg, and hee bee found scraping up fish
by which they began to build and in a corn field, the owner therof shall
taught them how to take it." pay twelve pence damage, beside
In George Mourt's "Relation; or, whatever damage the dogg doth. But
Jdyrnal of the beginning and proceed- if any fish their house lotts and receive
wings of the EngliOl Plantation etUtlW damage oy dugga, tie owners uo these
at Plimouth, in New England, by cer- house lotts shall bear the damage
tain English adventurers, both mer- themselves."
chants and others," London, 1622, it is It is thus seen that even on the old
said:, ground cultivated by the Indian be-
"We set the last spring some twenty fore the advent of the colonists it was
acres of Indian corn, and sowed some not possible to raise good crops except
six acres of barley and pease, and ac- by the artificial manuring which has
cording to the manner of Indians, we been described above.

___ ~_ _ __




!..l(nJ .t &LU j"r6i DsL aUnd, MInir
da, a o osed class mnter

Publisher ad Proprieto

Published every Wedaesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
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Only 1 and I atn ma tNla whM change
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Room 4, Robinson Block Viaduct, where Mr.
winter will be pleased to e any of our sub-
scriber Any time wecan be of service in
Jackonville, drop A a line to above addre.


Florida's Futnre. living that when the orange Industry
The Florida of today is not the Flor- once more reaches the five million
Ida of ten years ago, and the Florlda mark, the people will be much more
of to-day is not what the Florida of prosperous, have better homes, better
ten years hence will be. Ten years ago bank accounts and know better how to
the chief product of Florida was take care of what they make than they
her oranges. On this industry depend- did ten years ago.
ded the larger portion of the state's Ten years hence the orange grower,
business, directly or indirectly. The besides making his crop, will be able
crop of from three to five million boxes to produce all that his stock uses. He
brought Into the state about as many will have his milk cows and beef
million dollars, which sought the vari- cattle and be practically able to live
ons channels of trade and kept the at home, with his orange crop as a
state in the then prosperous condition, surplus. The development of different
The orange grower then was receiving industries in the state, such as phos-
such compensation for his crop that phate mines, kaolin mines, fuller's
he paid little heed to growing any- earth mines, etc., will give employment
thing else, not even saving his hay to hundreds of people and will make a
with which to feed his work animals, good home market for the farm pro-
It asSll.$asfl ft!t t eh! aeSg_ to dues Florida's ransza will then nra_
buy than to do the work, and as every duce the beef that is used in the state
one had money to buy with, farming and have a surplus to ship, in fact we
was pot indulged in but by a scatter- believe that every indication points to
Ing few. The winter of '94 and'95, a much more prosperous condition a
changed all this and put the growers decade hence than'the state has ever
in such a position that they were com- before realized.
pelled to depend on something else be-
side oranges for their living. They Informanon on Banana culture
must look to the soil for food for them- iWanted.
elves ad' their stock, and as necessity We have received a letter from a
is.the mother of invention, new ideas, New York firm, who desire Information
new crop and new methods of living in regard to banana culture in Florida.
have been brought about that are They desire to know what methods of
showing our people that they can ex- cultivation have given the best results,
tat without oranges. At the same time; and how fertillned: We hope some of
they are taking care of their orange our readers can give this information
trees, feeling that the time will shortly from their practical experience >r put
come when they will have crops to ship us in communication with some one
and with the lesson they have learned who has had experience along this line.
of Living at home they will be able to The banana industry is a large one
Make the*r range crop a surplus crop and if there is any possibility of Flor-
hteaid ime on which they have to live Ida's getting a part of this business it
-as in the ipast Thoughts have also is to the interest of everybody in the
.been taed into new..ehannels and state to help secure It. We believe
new i a" iksfi i e, a taken-es. I o s -whic h banana s old grow tof
tobac giwfg the been taken no land on which bananas would grow to

and, while in many parts. of the
state it has failed owing to the
lack of knowledge of the proper meth-
c Uf oaling for ana otuing tho orolp,
other sections have succeeded and
there the industry is continually grow-
ing-the acres planted are counted by
the hundreds.
Kaolin mines have been discovered
and are being worked. Starch fac-
tories have been established, and hunt-
dreds of acres planted to cassava,
not only being a good thing for the
which at present give promise of
farmer, but a profitable investment for
the manufacturers. Vegetable raising
has also been closely followed. Many
mistakes have been made and money
lost, but there are many who have
made a success of the business and are
planting larger than ever.
The strawberry business is continu-
ally growing and the sections that are
making this their business are growing
from a "hand to mouth" people to
well-to-do prosperous communities.
At one time, it was supposed that
good celery could not be grown in Flor-
ida. This was owing to a lack of
knowledge as to how to handle it. Last
year there was probably more clear
money made on celery than on any
other one vegetable and the increased
acreage this year will be more than
one hundred fold. All of these separ-
ate industries have held Florida up so
that the business of the state to-day
is about equal to that of '94.
Of the future we can only surmise,
but with the education that the grow-
ers have received during the past few
years in the line of home production
and home living, we onnnot help be-

perfection and be a source of consider-
able income. While we do not have
the advantage of cheap labor we do
lhav tho advantage of being niar the
market, which is not only in our favor
as to the freight rate but as to the
length of time required to put the ban-
anas on the market. Any information
that can be secured along this line will
be greatly appreciated.

Success in a Small Way.
Every little while we have some
practical demonstration of what a man
with but moderate means can accomp-
lish if he but have the proper push
and determination to go ahead. The
following item from the St. Andrews
Bay Buoy is one more Item along this
"What caL bt dane in fruit growing
in a small way on St. Andrews Bay is
beihg practically demonstrated the
present season-and it Is a most favor-
able one-by T. R. Brooke, on his small
two-and-a-half .acre plot about two
miles east of St. Andrews. With no
team he has with spade and hoe in his
bare hands, cultivated, marketed and
sold nearly 200 quarts of strawberries.
75 or 100 watermelons and 100 or more
pounds of grapes; bringing them to
market in a small hand-cart. Besides
these he has had some as fine peaches
as one would wish to see. clearly orov.
Ing that the peach, properly cared for
is at home in the St. Andrews Bay
country. Samples of these, of the El-
berta variety, which were presented to
the Buoy were nearly.eight inches in
circumference and delicious beyond
comparison. These with a package
of Deleware grapes tickled the editor-
ial palate in a manner to be envied of
the gods."

Groves (Flourishing.
The orange groves of Florida that
have received any attention at all dur-
ing the last season have made a most
wonderful growth. Many of them are
nearly as large as they were a
year ago. Of course, the people in the
section that was hit by last winter's
freeze, are wondering whether the ca-
lamity of last year is to be repeated,
but they are living in hopes that the
high water prediction, the moon's
phases, and the proximity of the plan-
ets, or some other Influence will keep
off the disastrous cold and let us once
more have our orange groves. In many
parts of the state, however, there are
occasional groves that did not suffer
last winter. The following item
from the Leesburg Commercial, in
reference to the Dr. Davies grove will
be !of interest to our orange growers.
as the doctor was one of the successful
ones who saved his grove by firing.
We are glad to know that Mrs. Davies
and her daughter are so admirably car-
rying on the work so successfully in-
augurated by the doctor. It is indeed
deeply to be regretted that he could
not have lived to see the rruits of his
"One day last week we had the pleas-
ure of a drive through the splendid
orange groves of Lisbon and Orange
Bend. The drive of nine miles to Lis-
bon over the firm, hard clay road was
a delight. The day was perfect and
the beautiful scenery along this popu-
lar highway appeared at its best. From
Leesburg to Lisbon the orange groves
are growing and flourishing. The now
famous Davies and Alsobrook groves
have fine crops of fruit and the Tillson
grove at Orange Bend, also, has a
small crop. The Davies grove is in a
high state of cultivation and shows
constant care and attention of the own-
er, Mrs. D. O. Davies, and her daugh-
ter, Miss Clara, who directs the work
on the Dlace with consumate skill and
a aispiry of sasro tat nid ti E lI
praiseworthy. This grove and the Al-

sobrook grove have been bearing crops
of fruit continuously, having been
saved from destruction by the frost
king by firing, and are very valuable
p~'lsptils, 'The lund In rioh ana pro
ductive and near transportation by
rail and water both, when navigation
on the Ocklawaha river and the lakes
is on."

Editor Florida Agriculturist.
We noticed in your issue of August 1
a reply to "A .C., East Coast," in re-
gard to some disease which had at-
tacked his orange trees. Your answer
leaves the Impression on the mind of
the reader that the orange trees on the
east coast are on the whole affected.
This, of course, was unintentional on
your part. You say "Your trees are
troubled with what is known as die-
back, a disease that is affecting the or-
ange industry on the-east coast more
than any other section." There In
scarcely a grove on the lower east
coast that the writer Is not familiar.
with.and as far as we have observed
there is very little of this disease, in
fact none that is doing serious damage
to the young trees. Recently we have
visited many of the young groves
(from two to four years old) and not
in a single instance have we found
die-back. Mr. A. A. Boggs, of Cocoa-
nut Grove, said to us, "Some of my
trees for the first year suffered from
what was called die-back. I experi-
mented with several mixturesa praying
the trees thoroughly with good results.
Others I let nature take its course, and
the disease has entirely disappeared. I
think the cause of the disease was the
'sourness' of the soil. I am satisfied if
the ground had been cleared, plowed
and exposed to the action of the dew,
and the sun's rays for a year before
planting that there would have been no
trouble of this kind." Mr. Boggs'
grove is planted on heavy hammock,
the ground is exceedingly rich, with
a super-abundance of ammonia. Take
other young groves In the same section
on pine land and no die-back has been
seen, and the trees have and are mak-
ing growth that has been a surprise to
the owners, and to those who have vis-
ited this section from the old orange
growing districts; they have been and
are a revelation. The east coast is a
long distance, and we are at a loss to
know where on the east coast the or-
ange trees are afflicted with die-back.
So we put in the defense of the lower
east coast, where orange trees grow,
not with the rapidity of Jonah's gourd,
but come Into profitable bearing earlier
than in any other portion of Florida,
and the usual diseases of the orange
tree are unknown.
E. V. Blackman.
Miami, August 6, 1900.
We are glad to know that the die-
back has disappeared from the lower
east coast since our visit there. We
have received numerous letters from
parties owning groves, complaining of
this disease, and on visiting the groves,
found the complaint well founded. We
came to our conclusions after visiting
a number of groves and finding the .lis-
ease wherever the conditions were
similar. Wherever trees were doing
well, they received practically but
little cultivation and the ground was
heavily mulched or shaded during the
summer or at all times. If -he disease
has disappeared we would like to have
the growers who were troubled with it
give their experience. It will be val-
uable lte r Lrtion to others starting in
the business. It is better to be able
to avoid an evil than to get rid of it
Our statement that the disease Is pecu
liar to the east coast is based on the
fact that the writer has been 1n nearly
every orange section of the state and
has never seen young trees troubled
with the same disease in any other
part of Florida, except when planted
S lis a radius outIlunsc hn lihou
or on a porous soil which are gen-


erally on-a lake slope and have a
peculiar hard pan or quicksand found-
ation. On the loose soil, If the trees
were mulched and Irrigated they
out grew the die-back symptoms, but
on the other no manner of cultvatlon
or fertilizer ever did any good. That
particular soil was not suited to orange
If the east coast can produce orange
groves without any of the "usual dis-
eases" it will be the only section of
the state that has done it.

AN]BWSEB TO DoaukOaujiZuWs.

This department is dev ted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub
scribers, which may be of general informa-
tion. Enquiries of eronal character that
require awr by mail should always have
stamps endowed.

Editor Florida Agricwurist:
I have been reading about forest pro-
tection and I would like to know if
there is anything being done to pre-
serve the forests of Florida. Also what
is being done in other states. The way
that the sawmills and turpentine stills
are destroying our forests, it will not
be long before the large bulk of our
forest is a barren waste, and something
ought to be done to stop it. C. R. T.
There is nothing being done in the
state of Florida to preserve the for-
ests. Everything seems to be done to
destroy them rather than to preserve
them. The malicious methods fol-
lowed by the turpentine people in box-
ung small trees and in putting from
two to our boxes to the large trees
will soon kill out our pine forests.
All of which-eopld be avoided, There
should be a law passed by the next
legislature, regulating the size of the
trees, to be boxed and the methods of
boxing, which would not only preserve
our forests much longer, but also in-
crease the length of time that the tur-
pentine business can be carried on. The
turpentine and rosin business of Flor-
Ida is one of the industries that the
state has received in recent years that
is not a benefit to the state, owing to
the wanton manner in which it is car-
ried on, and the destruction of the for-
ests that will follow.
In the western states there are forty-
seven forest reserves comprising in all
46,983,909 acres. New York has re-
cently made large purchases of land
for a forest reserve to protect her
water supply. The south Is doing but
little or nothing along l1ne.

Editor Florida Agridoutrist:
I would be obliged If you would send
me a list of first quality hardy buds of
low growth. We get a Seedless Blood
fram California, can those buds be got-
ten in Florida? Any information you
may see proper to give an old sub-
scriber to the Florida Agriculturist will
be appreciated. C. M. T.
Narbeth. Pa,
Nearly.all of the imported varieties
of oranges are of low growth, but the
hardiness depends on the condition of
the sap at the time of the cold. In
planting such varieties as Old Vinit,
Du Roi, Majorca, Nonpareil, Magnum
Bonum and Maltese Oval, you will
make no mistake. Bataf0ma Io tne narA-
lest variety we have. We do not know
of any one having the Seedlees Blood
in Florida. Probably our nurserymen
can enlighten us.

Editor Florids ApriUlUrit:
We come to you to settle a dispute
for us. The dispute is this: A contends
that the water hyacinths grow more
rapidly after the rainy season com-
mences than at any other time. B. con-
tends that this l not so as the rainy

season could make no difference to a
plant whose roots are all the time in
the water. Will you pleases settle this
dispute for us. A. & B,
Although the roots of the water hy-
acinth are always either in the mud
or water, it is a fact that they grow
more rapidly after the rainy season
commences. This is not due so much
to the fact that rain falls, but to the
peculiar humid atmosphere and the
heat that prevails during the rainy
season. We hear but very little com-
plaint of the hyacinth nuisance during
the winter months, but from the first
of June until fall we hear complaints
of the large amount of hyacinths
floating and the hindrance to naviga-
tion. A's contentions are therefore

RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks M cents.
SALT SICK. Oured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
vill. PF. 10oxl-imsO
PINBAPPLB PL NTS-Por sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. IAS.
MOTT. Fort Myers, Pla. 31tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Tres 4d00 budded, Box t.
Orlando, Fla.. ditf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
s East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

EBBIN COMPOUND-Used for scale or white
fly. or sale @ $6.00 per kerosene bbl.
YRUS W. BUTLER, St. Petersburgh. Fla.
1-ET ME TEL.. ou Now-TO get some
good orange trees cheap. Large stock
itrus and other fruit trees, ros shrubs etc.
Abakka and Golden Queen Suckers and
8lps from fine thrifty ,lents. Address
Arthur H. Brown, Manatee, Fla. 6x33
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postlpd for Mc per dosea. Good saed
plants ready now. W. S. PtRESTON,
Auburndale. Fla. I-tf
POR SALB OR RBNT-Beautiful bluff home
near Hotel Belleview, finished. Farm
equipment convenient Bathing, fishing.
Lad, strawberry orange. Bargain. W. A.
WTr1ise Nallsairs Flu, 81ses
Park, Lake county Fla. offers for July
plaVtinK vZrietis of 2 and I year
itrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. FOX, Prop. Itt.
on sou r trifoliata stocks, for summer
and fall shipment. Large assortment fne
tree Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY
NURSERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen
St. Mary Fla. 81tf
FOR SALE--100 cafh. E~Mat acres of
high pine land near DeLAnd Junotlon;
6 acres cleared, three acres of which ar e
n grove, the blane of the tract Ia Ia
timber. S'mUl house and a well on the
pl 6. Address TM.IL. II., 8 AgIa il-
turit, DeLand, FI. ty
WE HAVE complete list American man-
uacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds en-
gines, boller. incubaors wiudmnna or
anything wanted. orrepondeoe so-
Jacksonville, Fla. et

The Tangen Fruit Brushers.
Patented Mch. 8, 1898 & Apr. 11 1890.
These machines for brushing and
polishing fruit will greatly Improve the
appearance of any pack of oranges or
lemons at a very slight cost, and with-
out damage to the fruit.
They are past the experimental stage,
having brushed more that 10,000 cans
of these fruits in California.
ClrCUlarI on application.
Riverside, Cal.


fl a frftw ha. enough posuhorcle acd and
nitroe to Ieed a fifty bushel crop of what,
buT t oiy enough Potash for thrty bUhels,
then only thity can p be prodcd.
Fertilwes short of Potash w& i produce small

We have vrlJuble books toling al about the am dt r.
tilers and Potash whcl should be In the hands of *vey
Sfa#nM. W6 dl&Adly gJil ithm PLRE. A poemt wdif do.

GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Naau St.. New York.

S EED Jacksavile, Pia.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and eats, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
08mpl8s8 8t8811 8of frill 888 81 Bummor and fall s1alAl gas fRs s
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRINFF O BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jac emvlll, PIs.

ee2ooue G E 99 Passe in"er Service.
To mane cloe connee-
PlOria stons with steamers leave
New York Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 6:15 a. m.

From Brunswick direct to
New York.

(F. C. & P. By.) or Fernan-
dn 1: p. m., via Oam-
bIlt.4d Aateme.: inte
en route, or -"all li" via
Plant System at 7:46p. m.,
ar. Brunswickll:30p. m.
gimno. ers on arrival go-
lug dictly aboard steam

pROPOSZWSAjLjIG ror July. 1900.
S. S. NUECES.................. .... ..... ........... ..Friday, July 6.
S. 8. RIO GRANDE......... .......................... Friday, July 13.
S. S COLORADO .. .................. ............ ....Friday, July 20
8. S. RIO GRAND........................ .............. Friday, July 29.
For lowest rates, reservations and full Information apply to
m2 w. Bay street, Jaelsonville na
H. H. Raymond, Agtnt, Fernandina Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 3 E. R, New York.



0OVWf9g A=M ltAfI SPA&it- food rations. A too common mistake
MUFT. is to think a chicken can "hunt" and
All eommuieatious or enquirie for this "find" most of its food. They do find
department ehIld he addfcssc to worms and graas, but the regular feed
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, of sound, sweet grain are what t Throu Cr Line F Florida.
require to induce rapid, healthy The Great Throu Car Lie From Florida.
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. growth.
After they are six or eight weeks old
Hare Culture you can relax the manner of feeding in 0ONNECTIONS.
Do not place too much confidence in two ways; You can feed three or four
what you read about Belgian hares. A times a day instead of five or six, and
great deal of nonsense can be found in change more of the soft food to hard THE ATLANTIC CO T LIE, Charleon
the public press about any industry, grain. The morning feed should al-THE AT NTIC OAST L E, via Chrleson
and the hare industry Is no exception ways be of equal parts of ground corn To The Richmond and Washington.

box, and that it is not best to let the time and feed from the whole each day, lumbia and Washington.
fine animals dig in the dirt, yet it re- mixing with water or milk. Some pre- U aa gIt
mains true that nature made these ani- fer more bran, even to double the via
mals to live on and in the ground and amount given. But your own judg- T
not in a box. It will generally pay to ment can tell best, by watching the The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g
follow nature, and therefore, less box condition of the chicken's bowels. If The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
and more dirt will not prove a detri- they are loose lessen their bran and in- To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevill
ment to the Belgian. "Slobbers" are crease their middlings, while if they
caused by indigestion, and yet we are are the opposite, decrease the mid- The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
told to beware of succulent food, na- dlings and increase the bran.
ture's remedy for indigestion, as it will We are strongly opposed to feeding
give the little pets the slobbers. A damaged or burnt grain food of Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
little more reason and less nonsense any kind that is not perfectly sweet York, Philadelphia and Boston.
would also be good in this case. A and wholesome, Here is just where Pa ad
rabbit takes to green food as a duck many chicken raisers make a fa-
does to water, andto let them have tal error, for thinking as much Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Tranporta-
their own way will prove an advantage growth can be obtained by a chick's tion Company for Baltimore.
to both duck and rabbit. A horse that crop being filled with foul rations as via steamship
has not had any water for a day or when filled with sweet, pure food. It
two might drink too much if left to often is a great temptation to econom- To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
his own way, and so it is best, of ize in this way, especially when the AND
course, to use a little judgment as to chicken's appetites seem almost un- CO.
the amount of water given: but this appeasable, and grain bills accumulate HAVANA STEA SHIP CO.
does not mean not to give any water with no actual cash returns each
at all, or that the horse may not be month to offset them. Burnt wheat, NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
left to his own judgment when he mouldy corn, sour oats, and all foul CAPE BRETON& HP f Halifax Hawk
has plenty of water before him all the and decaying foods are temptations to STEAMSHIP LIE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
time. Just so with the hare about be strenuously resisted. Guard also PNCE EDWADS and Charlottestown.
green food. let it have all it wants and against any sound feed becoming ISLAND.....
it will regulate the amount it needs. mouldy or bad after it has been pur-
While we are on the subject it may chased, and especially cracked corn
not be out of place to say that the Bel- becoming sour. It is wise to buy in

gian hare has a fondness for water, limited quantities during hot weather.ickets
and he should have plenty of it cool -H. F. Adams in Reporter and Sen- to all Summer Reorts will b elaed on sale September 30tlh
and clean as often as he wants it. Do tinel.
not conclude that all the fne hares are The pLANT SYSTEM "s 't l LA .m ,s"a. s th Thro we a ig.
dead, or else are owned by one or 'Bees as PollenCarriers. A- e --- the Sammer Res
two firms who have learned how to The following is a quotation from the WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA And
use printer's ink. It is no doubt of ad- bulletin: "The pollen of one variety is THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA
vantage to the boomer for you to pay carried to the pistils of another in two T MO AI VI IA.
boom prices for his stock, but it does ways-by the wind and by insects. There
not follow that you will be better off or are many kinds of insects which aid in For information as to rates, leeping-car services, ervaton, etc. write to
have better rabbits by doing so. These the cross-pollination of orchard fruits,s to slpin-ar servim erations, etc.,
fellows who have rabbits with high principally bees, wasps and flies. Of P.M. JOLLY, Div lsion Passenger Agent.
sounding names do not necessarily these the wild bees of several species 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
know all there is to know about the are probably the most important. In a STUART I. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DNHAM, Gen. Supt.,,
business. They have only been at it wild thicket of plums or other fruits Savannah, Ga. Bavannah. .
a few years at the most, but they have they are usually numerous enough to B. W WRENN, Passenger Traffic Man Savannah, Ga.
raised the racy Belgian ii England insure a good setting of fruit. But few,
for fifty years or more. Go slow, make if any, wild bees can live in a large --
the industry pay its way as you go, orchard, especially if it is well tilled.
think for yourself, and use a little com- As the extent and thoroughness of cul-
mon sense with all, and you will find tivation increase the number of these
yourself with more hard cash, and per- natural insect aids to cross-polination A
haps just as good hares in the end.- decreases; hence, it may become neces-
Modern Farmer. sary to kee? domestic honey-bees for
the purpose.
Now Keep the Chickens Growing. The summer of 1900 has thus far "* ,
Natural hatching should now be over been an ideal one on the east .< ast.
with and it is timely to consider the The breezes wafted by the breath of
growth of the young stock. It is very old neptune are cool and caressing, and
important that they should be kept the mosquito, the one great draw back
growing-that they do not stand still to a summer in Florida, has decided
or take a backward step in their pro- to spend his vacation elsewhere, at
gress towards maturity. Many neglect least not to tarry in this section. Plen-
the chickens when they a&p weaned ty of quiet and rest-time for reading
from the mother hen or taken from the and recreation. The nights are the
brooder. They can spare no end of most comfortable imagineable and
pains with them during the Airat few some of them have been most glorious. -.--- --
weeks, and they grow finely, but after -Rockledge Cor. Fla Star.
a little the owner seems to think they "SAVANNAH LINE"
require no further care, or they :ret TO THB DBAP'.
tired of them and neglect follows with A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
rreglar feeds, short rations nd ilthy noises in the head y Dr. Nicholson'sA
coops, al of which end with an unfor- Artifical Bar Drums, gave $10,0000 to his *
tunate rsult. Institute, so that deaf people unable to
lunte r t procure the Ear Drunm may have them
Clean coops is of the greatest Impor- free. Address i12c. The Nieholson In-
tance, though easily provided for by statute. 70 E Ihth Avenue. New York FAST FREIOlT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
simply moving to fresh ground. It is 1 .w FROM
a serious mistake for the chickens to FR .
spend night after night where drop- p ad F.LORIDA TO NEtW
pings accumulate or, perhaps, a dead JNFC F Ro COM R
worm eaten chicken has lain for sev- J96 ARDrT AST
eraldays. They are poisoned by bnhai- u m BOSTON A N D EAST.
ing the foul game and are stunted in
growth if not actually made sick. If Weste&r Po lO y Farm,
they do live their whole system is low- MVAI AI,, MO. SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOR0IA.
ered in tone and general debilty sure 4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 2. Thence via Palatial Bxpr 8teamship, s. alins from Savanah Four ships each week
follows. It an easy matter t ow to t to New York andmag lose connection with New York-o sto. ships or sound Ies.
all this trouble with bottomless coops promtabe. It Il up to t pa ges. Al ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly filing schedules. Write
that can be moved either way every Send to day. We ael best liauld lie gill for general information, sling schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
day or two. er for 75 ets per Rgalle.. Allaua Ie g t g' g ,g THrae S .gv., WAI*R RAWKINS S .t Ag.,
Another most important point Is the sf hns tor poultry, Ga. .a W. B y t., J acksonv I,
Another most important point is the ets" so for., 1t 0 ior Revann", Ga. 24W. Day St., Jacksonvill, F*



Daubentonia Punices.
We have already written of this plant
twice, but call attention to it again. We
described its beauty when in bloom in
the spring. It set a large crop of seed
which ripened about July I. Though
each cluster bore from 12 to 20 flowers,
very few set seed, seldom more than two
or three seed pods to a cluster and the
most we found was seven in one bunch.
Now the shrub is blooming again, not

but by the time this appears in print,
August 15, it will be in full glory again.
It would be worthy of a place in every
door yard if it bloomed but once a year,
but as it blooms twice every one who
sees it is anxious to procure one for
their own planting. Probably if the
seed pods had been picked off as soon
as it stopped blooming and the shrub
fertilized and cultivated it would have
started new growth at once and
bloomed long ago. Probably in this
way it might be made to have three or
more blooming seasons each year.
Manettta Cordifolla.
The Manettias are not new introduc-
tions, having been brought to this coun-
try from South America in x8o6.
Within two or three years some flor-
ists have been pushing Manettia bicolor
as a novelty. In one sense it was a
novelty, as it was very seldom seen in
cultivation and was to be found in very
few florists' catalogues. Moreover, it
was- well worth cultivating, though by
no means so easily grown as the de-
scriptions would indicate. Under cer-
tain favorable conditions it would
bloom freely for months and was then
wonderously beautiful. But probably
more people failed to get a blossom
than succeeded in growing a really
thriving vine. It is very sensitive to
,over-watering and will not endure the
direct rays of our Florida sun.
Last fall we received from a corre
spondent, in South Carolina, a tuber-
ous root labeled Manettia Cordifolia,
with the information that the roots were
hardy in the open ground in South Car-
olina. We planted it at once in the soil
near the front of our house and it lay
there through our long cold winter. In
the spring it was slow starting and did
not grow rapidly for some time. It is
now, however, blooming freely. The
flowers are small tubular, bright scar-
let, about an inch and a half long by
one-half an inch in diameter.
Whether it will bloom as profusely as
a well grown specimen of Manettia bi-
color or not we can not yet decide. But
it is certainly a bright attractive look-
ing vine. And it has the decided ad-
vantage of being hardy and able to take
care of itself through the winter.

TPuaria Thnnbergiana.
Under this title we find in the last
number of American Gardening an ac-
count of a vine which from the de-
scription we feel sure would become
popular in Florida if it were known to
the people. As the stems have proved
hardy in Philadelphia it would, of
course, survive any blizzard that has
ever visited Florida.
It has been offered by one .firm of
florists in this State under its Japanese
name, Kudzu vine. It can doubtless be
had from some of our advertisers.
When a vine of very rapid growth is
wanted Pueraria Thunbergiana deserves
consideration, for though it may not be
one of the most beautiful of such plants,
still it is of such remarkably free
growth, making as much as six inches
a day by actual measurement, that for
rapidly covering unsightly places it is
The plantt is a native of Janan, whence
it was introduced by Thomas H,-' and
has been distributed by nurserymen un-
der the name of Dolichos Japanicus.
The plant shown in the accompany-
ing full pave illustration is growing in
Meehan's nursery at Philadelphia, Pa.,
and has been established there since the

Centennial Exposition, when it was
propagated from one of the plants used
by the Japanese. (The illustration is
omitted. It represents a mass of foli-
age, said to be growing on the trunk of
a dead Cedar from fifteen to eighteen
feet high and from five to six in diame-
ter and perfectly solid in appearance.-
Although at first the plant died back,
each year it has now succeeded in mak-
ing several woody stems which survive
the winters and produce flowering
branches. The shoots trail, that is to
say, they need supporting, as they do
not climb of themselves, and the plant
pictured is growing on an old Cedar
tree which, however, is entirely oblit-

which reach the ground and run out in
all directions, root all along their sur-
face and a large stock is easily had in
this way. Its rampant growth should
make this plant a useful subject in
many situations on a trellis, a bank, a
veranda or as a carpeting plant in cer-
tain shrubbery gardens or to hide up
ugly rocks.
Pueraria Thunbergiana, native of
Central and Southern Japan and Cen-
tral China, is a hardy climber. Leaves
large, tri-partate, with long stalks;
broadly ovate, pointed dark green leaf-
lets; flowers pea like, purplish on auxil-
iary racemes, fragrant, but not conspic-
uous; brown hairy pods.
In Japan, where it is called Kudzu, it
is largely grown, both for ornament
and economic use. It is common in
places, but does not grow farther north
than the center 6f th6 main island and
appears to be confined to elevations of
about 1,800 to 2,500 feet above sea level.
In the Hakone mountains, much vis-
ited by tourists, the Pueraria fills the
air with fragrance. The thick fleshy
root furnishes the Japanese with a
starchy food meal and the vast fiber of
the young branches furnishes a cloth,
while the dried stems and leaves are
used as hay."
(This vine must be planted on dry
soil, it will not stand "wet feet." We
had a vine set on fairly dry soil last
spring, but during an unusually wet
spell in April it was drowned, though
no water stood on the surface.-Ed.)
Some of Aunt Mary's Experiments.
The following from the Mayflower is
very interesting and amusing. It con-
tains a warning to let well enough
alone. If your plants are doing well do
not try experiments unless on plants
you are willing to lose:
One of my keenest delights was to
visit my Aunt Mary at some time dur-
ing the summer. I had done so for
many years past, and I returned to the
city only to look forward to the time
when I should again find myself under
her humble but comfortable roof. One
summer I came upon her partly una-
wares and found her in a dejected
mood. I was surprised at this-Aunt
Mary was usually so happy.
"Why, Aunt Mary," I could not help
crying out, "you look troubled. What
is the matter?"
Before she answered I had to sit down
san have a glaes of milk and a dough*
nut. You may have had milk like that,
but a doughnut-never. I defy anyone
to produce a doughnut that will equal
one of Aunt Mary's. They are par ex-
cellence. After I had partaken of the
simple repast Aunt Mary led the way
out into the garden. I followed meek-
ly. Coming to a wire flower stand, she
halted, pointing a trembling finger at
what stood upon it.
"Did you ever?" she asked.
I had to acknowledge that I "never."
"Ef I wasn't so all-fired foolish it
never would a' happened," she began to
explain. "I'm always in fur any kind
of improvements, you know. It was
through me that they drilled fur gas
and found it. They've all been thankin'
me ever since fur the comfort it's given
them. Well, my plants were doin'
nicely, they looked thrifty, and they
blossomed. John started to take one o
them city newspapers-one o' them
that's got 'Women's Pages,' 'Children's
Pages,' 'Household Pages,' and 'Floral
Hints.' It was 'Floral Hints' that done
it. I read 'em all. I started to do 'cm.
I done 'em. There's the result!"
We both stood looking in silence.
"It's my idee," she went on. "that.them

-- - - - --- - - - - ----- --- --



Insit upon having them, take o other and you will et the bst shels that money can buy.
w .. ... .....' w I w w, w -w 4

Farmers' Attention I


Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies

Poultry Netting arffi U"Tn Columbia Bicycles
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.

that writes floral hints fur city newspa-
pers never saw no flowers at all, and
don't know a Carnation from a Rose.
Maybe it's them that sweep the floors
and clean out the spittoons as does the
floral hints when they have a few spare
"But why did you do what they wrote
a person ought to do?" I asked. "Surely
no one knows better than you how to
take care of plants. Yours always look
thrifty, they are always blossoming."
"I'm great fur experiments, you
know," she rambled on. "It was queer
things they told a person to do, but I
did 'em, fool that I was."
"You take the Mayflower, Aunt Mary,
don't you?" I asked. "That's a reliable
"Oh, yes, I take that," she replied.
"But John says newspapers are up-to-
When I looked at the flower stand I
thought they were "up-to-datest."
Aunt Mary didn't say anything for
some time, so I walked up to the stand
and, touching a tall plant that had but
one leaf at its summit, I asked:
"And is this your beautiful Rubber
"That's it," Aunt Mary answered.
"'For worms in the soil,'" she contin-
used, quoting from the "Floral Hints"
she had read, "'make a strong solution
of baking soda and water. Apply twice
a week. The worms will come hissing
to the surface, writhe and then die in
great agony, after which they may be
gathered up and thrown away.'"
Aunt Mary folded her arms and
looked askance at the Rubber plant.
"I didn't gather up no worms," she
went on, "but I did gather up leaves.
And now there's only one more to
gather up. It looks as if it wanted to
be gathered right away," and she
touched it lovingly.
My eyes next rested upon another
plant that was as bad off as the Rubber
plant just mentioned. "Surely this is
not your Coral Begonia?" I asked.
"'A Coral Begonia will bloom more
freely,' she fell to quoting again, 'if
a little cayenne pepper is put into the
water with which it is watered. This
also has a tendency to make the blos-
some more brilliant in hue.'"
I felt like laughing, but the look on
Aunt Mary's face prevented me.
"Maybe it would make the flowers
more brilliant," she said, sadly, "but I'll
never find this out. It's past flowering."
"You had such a beautiful Palm.
Where is that?" I next asked.
"It got scale on," she said. "I used
to pick it off until I read of something
that was better. I don't remember what
it was, but John got it from the drug
store. I just put it on, and do you
know, it eat the heart right out o' that
Aunt Mary sighed. I could not help
doing the same.
"And your Cacti?" I questioned, mere-

81.98 BYS A S3.50.SUIT
I&A TA NiDT "wMyjrsalve SS UI
I iM Ina nm II a,

orsaull cra-p
Ire I a. .. and iONir...

frt snqs Stn.0, 'i to--
yaim Mmo

TRAS, wra e rwr S--ob s dlk6 ,I1 contains fash!
platia tape measure ag rull l tioi how to older.
me*% anit. uMdSe atr ft f 060uk s an.
plea et free on a lication. Addr
.A%,sM0EBK & CO. (la.e), Cil 1.

ly to break the painful silence that fol-
"Gone-all gone," she said, wearily.
"And your Orange tree?"
Tears now stood in Aunt Mary's eyes,
and I led her away. I was sorry I had
mentioned the Orange tree. It had al-
ways been her pet. It, too, had suc-
Then she took me to the beds she had
sown with seeds. Here everything was
delightful to behold. The array of col-
ors was gorgeous, the quantity of bloom
wonderful. Something like the old look
came back to Aunt Mary's face. Her
eyes, too, regained their brilliancy.
"It's lucky them floral hints didn't
say anything 'bout seed plants," she
said, "or I wouldn't have these to fall
back on- I gucaa them writers don't
know plants go to seeds."
We returned to the house. While
Aunt Mary was getting supper I sat out
on the steps with Uncle John. I saw
Shim thrust his hand into his pocket sev-
eral times, glance into the kitchen
though the open doorway, then with-
draw it again, and look at me queerly.
"What is the matter, Uncle John?" I
finally asked.
"Didn't she tell you 'bout the plants?"
he asked.
"Yes," I replied.
"Well, I got one o' them newspapers
in my pocket now, but 'Im 'fraid to git
it out. She won't allow one in the
house. When I want to read 1 have to
go out to the barn and up in the hay-
loft. There I lay down in the Lay and
read by the light that comes through
the cracks."
When I returned to the city I pur-
chased a collection of plants and had
them sent to take the place of those
ruined by Aunt Mary's experiments. A
few days later I received a letter from
her, in which she expressed her thanks
effusively and vowed never again to


Al communications or enquiries for this de-
partmont should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Help Wanted.
The household is one of the most im-
portant departments of the Agricul-
turist, but it seems to be one of the
hardest to awaken any interest in.
That is any apparent Int6rest so far
as the editor can see. In looking over
the other departments, we see short
communications, questions asked, and
items of information sent to the edi-
tors, that help to make the department
more interesting and shows that there
is some interest felt. The ladies of
Florida should be interested in all mat-
ters that tend to improve the mind,
lighten their buraens ana make nome
happier. We hope our sisters will help
in this matter-with their aid we can
fill the department with not only in-
teresting but instructive matter. Write
us of household matters that experi-
ence has proven of value to you. Write
us of matters you wish to hear about
and if possible we will try and give the
desired information. One idea brings
out another, and it may start a train of
thought that will have a wide spread
inflnen c Slaters. will you helo?

There is nothing that adds more to
the coziness and general comfort of a
room than plenty of attractive cush-
ions, and the making of these will fur-
nish a pleasant employment for leisure
moments. There are some quaint,
pretty designs now shown in the shop
windows, that are much liked by the
children. They are printed with pic-
tures of birds, dogs, cats, horses and
flowers in bright colors, the designs to
be outlined with a silk floss of the
same color, or any contrasting coloi
that may be desired. The figures are
supposed to be in fast colors, so that
the pillow cover can be washed when it
atwcomca mollld It ia mhant a s ya
square and when fnished with a ruf-
fle will be of ample size for any use.
Some of the designs are quite pretty
and some of them very droll. All of
these designs will interest the children
and the work of making the pillows
can be done by them, thus furnishing
them with necessary employment and
enjoyment at the same time. These
tops can be bought for 50 cents each.
There ae anloo some try pretty on
made from canvass to be worked in
cross stitch. Most of these patterns
are in scroll or geometrical designs.
They are lined with some bright con-
trasting color and finished with a ruf-
fle of the same material. They are
very attractive and form a pleasing de-
parture from the scrap work and em-
broidered pillows that have been pop-
ular for so long a time.

The Znd of a Hateful Visitor.
Now that we are hearing so much
about hydrocyanic gas as a ieans of
cleaning nursery stock from the dread-
ed San Jose scale and of eradicating
insect pests in greenhouses, let us con-
sider its use to the housekeeper, in the
home, as a means of ridding the house
of bedbugs. The use of the hydrocy-
anie acid is, perhaps. the cheapest and
by far the surest method of ridding a
house of these pests, as it penetrates
every crack. There is absolutely no

escape for the insects when the gas is
used. In using this substance it must
be remembered that the gas is colorless
and is very deadly. One full breath of
it might prove fatal. Even though
it is so very dangerous, like dynamite,
when properly used It is a safe and
powerful means of execution. It not
only kills all the bedbugs, but all other
insects as flies, ants, waterbugs, etc.
Always look out for pet dogs, cats or
rats, as it will not spare them.
To fumigate a single sleeping room.
find the cubic contents of the room by
multiplying the height, the width, and
the length together; divide this pro-
duct by 200 and the result will be the
number of ounces of cyanide of pot-
assium (98 or 99 per cent pure) re-
quired. Stop up all cracks about win-
dows and doors, to prevent the escape
of the gas. Open the bedding. Put
an earthen jar in a convenient place.
as near the center of the room as pos-
sible. Into this jar place twice as
ma&it3y va water a:is syafln l pualnu
slum required. Into this jar containing
the water pour 1% times as many
ounces of sulphuric acid ,(strong com-
mercial, about 1.8 specific gravity,) as
cyanide required. If the acid is of suf-
ficient strength the liquid will sceam.
Have the cyanide near on a newspa-
per folded in such a way that it can
slide off easily. Hold your breath and
slide the cyanide into the jar. Go
quickly out of the room, (without In-
haling air, closing the door and locking
it to prevent any one from entering.
After an hour or more the room can
he opened from the outside. Do not at-
teiiit to enter fr aasatae saif Baeu,
at least. Use a jar of sufficient size,
so the liquid will not fill it more than
half full; the jar should be small
enough in diameter so that the liquid
will be deep enough to cover the cyan-
ide of potassium. The fumigation
should be done in the morning, so the
rooms can be well aired out before
sleeping in them.
The gas will not injure the furniture
or any of the hangings in the room, but
the liquid or acid will, and to protect
a carpet or floor from the possible in-
jury caused by spattering when the
cyanide is put in the jar it is always
a good plan to set the jar into a wash
tub with about an inch of water in it.
As anon an ion enter the room atter
fumigating take out the jar and dump
the contents. Don't put it into the sink
or drain as the acid may eat out the
piping. If two floors, or an entire
house is to be fumigated, at least one
jar should be used on each floor. Do
not use more than two pounds of cyan-
ide in any one jar. All doors should
be open. When everything is ready put
the acid and water together, and have
trie cyanlOd weiglhd and on n paper
near each jar. Commence at the top
of the house to put the cyanide into
the jars. As soon as this operation is
completed (which should be done as
quickly as possible) leave the house
and lock the door. If a house can be
left in this way for three or four hours
in the forenoon (while the family are
making a visit) they will probably nev-
er be troubled with any more bedbugs,
unless they import a new stock. The
house should be opened as much as
possible from the outside an hour be-
fore entering Then open all windows
and doors until thoroughly "aired out."
The cyanide of potassium can be ob-
tained for about 35 cents per pound, 98
to 99 per cent pure (always use this
strength). The acid will cost from two
to five cents per pound in quantities.
The expense of fumigating a room
1x16x10 would not be over 25 ofr o
cents. If for any reason the time of
fumigation must necessarily be short,

Mk the food mre delicious amm d wholesome

double the amount of cyanide, using
one ounce to 100 cubic reet or space,
and fumigate for 25 or 30 minutes.
Great care must be exercised in open-
ing the room.
What becomes of the insects?
While some of them probably die in
thEif ua iait any 5i5af tB5 IS ta swill
be found on the floor. Those about the
bedding can easily be shaken or
brushed off. The insects will not trou-
ble, what few may escape being swept
up. As to the rats and mice, I think
only tose in the room will be killed.
The gas will penetrate the walls, but
will not do so rapidly enough to kill
the rats at once, and as a small amount
of gas irritates the throat and lungs.
the rats will move on. In a house bad-
ly infested with rats they have numer-
ous passages to the cellar and outside.
I do not think it would kill the rats
and mice in the walls of a house; it
might drive them from the house
which would of course be preferable. I
have never known of any trouble re-
sulting in bad odors after fumigating
for bedbugs. The first smell of the gKa
starts, I think, the bugs up out of the
cracks and they are then killed. Near-
ly always after fumigation one can
sweep up more bugs upon the floor and
about the bed than would be Imagined.
-H. D. H. in The Rural New Yorker.

-Below we give a few recipes select-
ed from our exchanges which we hope
meet with the wants of some of our
Chocolate cake: 1 cup of butter, 2
cups sugar, stir to a cream with the
yolks of 5 eggs added after they have
been well beaten, then stir into that
1 cup of milk; beat the whites of 2
eggs to a stiff froth and add also; 3y,
cups of sifted flour, 2 heaping tea-
spoons baking powder stirred in flour.
Mixture for filling; Take the remain-
ing 3 whites of the eggs beaten very
stiff, 2 cups of sugar melted to almost
candy or till brittle; take it hot from
the stove and pour over the whites,
beating it very fast; add 1 cake of
chocolate, when cool, 1 teaspoonful of
74Sill&, fia66 MiEN B l lifWf InA 1 M-
Potato Salad.-A dainty dish of pota-
to salad, nicely garnished with rings
of eggs, tiny bits of beet and a little
parsley, makes an agreeable accompan-
iment to a cold roast of beef for lunch-
eon, but the mussy salad is an abom-
ination. Slice cold boiled, or baked, po-
tatoes very thin; place a layer in a
dish add a little onion sliced very thin
and a layer of hard boiled eggs, then
another layer of potatoes, etc., using
six or eight potatoes, three eggs and
one tiny onion; cover with the follow-
ing dressing: One-half cup of sugar,
one teaspoon of salt, butter the size of
a hickory nut, one small teaspoonful of
mustard and two egas: set in a Dan of
Jnilllug warLs to C4sOK WiaPun LwAi and
two teaspoonfuls of salad dressing and
three spoonfuls of thick cream; pour
over and mix with the salad; place
curled parsely around the edge of the
salad bowl and sprinkle a little over
the salad; then add a few pieces of
chopped beet or any pretty garnish.
Pineapple salad is an appetizing de-
sert dish, and is easily prepared. The
Dineapple should be perfectly riDe. cut-
ting out the eyes and removing the
core. Pile the shredded fruit in a deep
glass dish, and pour over it what you
think is required of powdered sugar:
this will depend, of course, upon the
size of the pineapple. Let it stand at
least one hour before serving.

Furniture polish which gives a soft
oily finish to furniture and wood work
is made of one scant ounce of turpen-
tine, and three-fourths of an ounce of
cider vinegar. Shake it until thorough-
7l mixed, then rub the furniture with
It, allow it to stand a short time, and
then polish it well with a soft dry
flannel cloth.

It -is announced that Maitre Labori
is coming to America to lecture. For
the benefit of those who don't know
Laborl it may be sald once upon a timo
in France he defended a man named



And the Wak Rebtord to ull Vigor
-7 1 -.4 the Haids of the Oret.
mf Jesmr o ulgnrm li.....
ar"e you ny pain or ache or weskneum
AreVen l yogubbyLoddeeogfeaukneg
A Do- your blood dMow tat otbl ian.

umeorm? wSS evryrgan

7, Hapooy

MaaTbeol tburar
the addin ~cimea o ndandn

TAb *Isad i. verhiartnld.muwy omm.
Spe i.el.le. H....hs baee e Io g
thatMrdan other a e eUeo
,=. WtroM PI.MU to *I-tt
ridsm aao iha be eao

plenddsokofCit re 1i0in1.

** swtok of1 other
ern Ieheatitho i trees, i hoomic
v Pams FenOIs oi

oua go al.1t
e pddifaoecMu i I lro IV = m

SmWal ea o Hath letesi. es
lineltm d etuhietuPhntaa.

.at, S In JIM
htm wesars a purest

splendid stock of Citrus trees on
LoWer& auth Peculiar I ame endatb

ro emo roo, and talso otn sor r-

Ifeel, eat inormous collection
Spendit' ockand o tocir or other
Slant Bambooslt

ru lo ro oters d and oMiscellane-
Sous ornamentals. 17

^^** s year. Most extensive
Lowe South. en fr lare elegant
atalhe. or etr
maan, asois o aa m a

HTEs, co ANo
s yan tPB y ree e a Mse, oan
serm y wmoer s P ornamenUbtalas.1

Splendid stock of Citrus trees in

rogh lemon roots, and also on sotr or-

t inormola ollection
Tnd stock of other

AV ttrees, Eoa conomi

SInt% Bamboos-
Palms i lerns Coni-
fers and Maoeellane-
ous ornamentals. 17

year. Most extensive
ollection ofl plants and trees In the
Lower South. Send for large elegant

There Is no kind of pain
nil, that Paln-Kller will


Subscribe to th Florida Agricultur


"So you wish to become a detective?"
"Yes, sir."
"I suppose you consider yourself able
to give points to any man in the force,
don't you?"
"No, sir. I am only anxious to have
a fair trial. I believe that I can be-
come a useful member of the force after
I klai'v ha o little eaxpricncrc"
"Well, sir, I am not fond of employ-
ing green men; but as you seem to have
a modest opinion of yourself, I have
some hope of inaking something of you.
The chief has requested me to give you
a trial, and so I shall have to do so. I
shall give you a tough case to begin on,
and if you make a success of it you
shall have a permanent position on the
"Thank you, sir. I shall do my best."
"The only clew which I can give you
is this paper. It came into my posses-
sion entirely by accident. It was seen
to fall from the pocket of a man who
had been implicated in several burg-
laries, and one of my men, who hap-
pened to be standing near, picked it up
and handed it to me, I think thers is
more in it than appears on the surface.
Take it with you, and see what you can
make of it."
Bob Westbrook took the envelope
which the inspector-to whom he had
made application for a position in the
detective force-gave him, and left the
He had never done any detective
work before, and had only been on the
police force about eight months, but he
was very ambitious, and desired to be-
Going home, he retired to his room,
and proceeded to examine the letter.
The direction was as follows:
General Postoffice,
London, E. C.
The postmark was that of Bayswater,
and the date Jan. 1o. Inside was the
following letter:
Bayswater, Jan. Io. -Dear Albert:
Meet Mary Owen as you promised me,
and ask her to come at noon the day she
gets the message. I have made a corner
in some of the securities of which I
spoke when at Tottenham the other
week. If you court her, the house in
Gloucester road shall be yours soon. On
Monday I expect to spend the evening
with you without fail, and at that time
I shall bring nine others.. Expect us
at 8 o'clock sharp. I shall then indicate
to you how we had better divide the
work, so that the profits may be as
large as possible. "Jim." 6.
Bob read the letter over carefully sev-
eral times, but could find nothing sus-
picious about it except the figure "6" in
the lower right hand corner of the page.
This troubled him not a little, and as
he studied the letter more the convic-
tion grew upon him that underneath
this apparently innocent communica-
tion there lurked some mysterious com-
munication, which might prove the key
to a deed of villainy.
In vain he puzzled over the letter; in
vain tried every combination which his
ingenuity could suggest. He applied
heat in hopes of bringing out a sympa-
thetic ink, but again in vain. He went
to bed that night thoroughly puzzled
and almost discouraged.
In the morning he again started to
work, but in a more systematic manner.
He tried every other line with no re-
sult; every third line, then every fourth
line, and so on, but still with no result.
Then he began and tried every other
word, but he met with failure.
Just at this point the mysterious fig-
ure 6 caught his eye. He started, as a
sudden thought struck him. Could this
be the key to the mystery? He would
try. and accordingly he began, and
then, with the first word, took every
sixth word of the letter.
The result was certainly startling.
When he finished he found that he had
the following communication:
Dear Albert: Meet me at the corner
of Tottenham Court road, Monday
evening at 9 o'clock to divide profits.
There evidently must have been some
powerful motive of concealment here.
cla why should thi noti Lhar been

written, and the true meaning so care-
fully hidden?
Bob felt much elated at his success,
and determined to make one of the
party at the corner of Tottenham Court
road on Monday evening.
On the appointed evening, a few min-
utes before 9 o'clock, a man was walk-
ing up and down the pavement at the
rendezvous named in the letter.
He was evidently expecting some one,
and every few minutes would look at
his watch impatiently. After he had
beci waiting ab6ut tel Minutes, anOth-
er man walked slowly up the street.
The one who had been waiting ad-
vanced hurriedly, and seizing him by
the arm, drew him into the shadow ol
one of the houses, and said, in a low,
eager voice:
"Well, what news?"
"Nothing much," said the other man,
"aVlrit that I have been unable ta dis-
pose of all the swag."
"How much money have you raised?"
"One thousand pounds."
"Good! You have some of the jew-
elry still?"
"Yes. I only sold the diamonds."
"Do you think you can get rid.of the
rest safely?"
"No, not just now. I think we had
better divide them just as they are, and
when the excitement is over we can
dispose of them."
"All right. You say you have one
thousand in cash?"
"Yes. Come down to John's and I'll
give you your share."
The men then started down the road
No sooner had they moved off than a
figure emerged from a dark doorway
and followed them at a distance.
- Thie fi wra w stt BRh Ws -
The men entered a door in front of
which hung a red lamp. Following
them Bob also entered.
He found himself in a room which
was partly a public house and partly a
restaurant. On one side of the room
were several stalls, in which were ta-
bles and seats. Curtains covered the
front so that the occupants were con-
cealed from the view of those in the
As Bob entered he saw the men
whom he had been following enter one
of the stalls. Ordering a milk punch
he took his seat in the stall adjoining
that which the men had entered.
As he seated himself he heard the
men on the other side of the thin board
partition conversing in low tones.
"The terms were share and share
alike, so there are 50o pounds for your
"How much do you think the rest of
the stuff ought to be worth?"
"Fully 2,000 pounds, I think. We
made a big haul this time."
"Yes, and it was well done, too. I
wonder how old Fairchild looked when
he came down to the office in the morn-
ing, and found his safe opened?"
"He must have felt pretty bad, for I
see by the papers that the police have
no clew to the fellows who did the
"I don't think I ever did such a clean
job or such a safe one. But when shall
we divide the jewelry?"
"Meet me at the same place tomor-
row night as you did tonight, and I
will bring the swag with me. We can
then go somewhere and divide."
"All right. What time?"
"Nine o'clock-same as tonight."
"I'll be there. Good night."
So saying, the men left the saloon
and separated.
Bob felt that he had made an import-
ant discovery. About a week before a
diamond and jewelry merchant off Hol-
born had been robbed of a large amount
of jewelry. The thieves had left noth-
ing by which they could be traced, andl
although Mr. Fairchild, the owner of
the place, had offered a large reward,
they had thus far escaped detection.
The following morning Bob walked
iate the inspet6rr' office.
"Well?" said the inspector.
"I should like to have the use of
three officers, in plain clothes, this
evening, sir."
"You have discovered something,
then ?"
"Yes, sir."
"What is it?"

Florida East Coast Ry.
TIME %'BLE NO. 97. IN EFFECT JUNE 9, 1900.
o No. n No.a Mo.7 No.U
5 Daily Dally STATIONS. Dail
"ni 'd 0
,,+ Z 4 WH a u.LT........ Jacaonl ........ tAr T__0 It
S0 1G110,Ar ....... St.Afit9.......L O
5 O i6 tI.1 UsT....... Sat. A Op *Ok.
SS isp 11 *. ... ........... Ma o ......... L ......
12 glp pAr. R.... Palatka ........" 115 11110,
It Wp O, LT ........... Palatk ...... .... Ar A p 0
7 p. A. ........ ...man atL e .......... Lv .....
S0 ..... LT.........am Mato .........Ar .
4 iS. Lv .......B. P atka .........Ar 6 821p
.d I .. ... Om.... o .. .... ... -0 6 I
a l .........r tm ......... i p. a 6

S ., p...... OPP ..........Titsvit e .......... 1 1, ......
...... I .......... PortOra ......... 1 l ......

M E*...... 3 ........ ...O **........... p ...... O w
S ..... ......... o s ......... ip 61...... .
+ S ...... ....... ...M ...eO......... p ...
,i 0 ...... 8 .......... .Bno0 al .......... 12" i p a
S ...... 5ip ....... .. Measb re.......... ...... i
S..... 1d ....... t......"... 1 .22 I
. ...eni.......... a u S
t ..............." 11
e N 0 *^P............ ::. 00s, .. ( 0.
S.... *p .............mlen........... 9u ....
VIA*. . J.e. n ........... .

S...... 0 ............ laytm .......... l~ ......
---5 *S ..........ort La r........... ......
o .......... b o8n........ 101 na ......
.. ... 9 ......Wl eont Pilm ivd ...... 9 e .......
.4 3:. .......... eon Cit y .......... 721a 6 ......

Between Jaeha.vlleU, P-e Bedak and yMay"Ot.
No.11 7 N -."N o .2l No .,No.-I ,1
STATION&S. DI5 ,t1 .)Di,5ly g 1 I Sun Dl
o s exS7 only o al i l1y__
Lv. Jackonvie.... ..... .............. 710- 410 Upl Up a Opl ..0 f ..

IKuoz BX Ku eZ~ only _6 _
bloBeach ........................ ...I Ct 1 SBit Ep 2lp 80 U 2 1 5 ...... p 3 p

SAr. J poit e ........ ................ I .P ........ p 0 .....I .....COp p I

i e ....L..N r..... ... ......... ....... .... ...L
PI. blo .B.ac.h e.............. .... 1 p ..... 6 p o 5e .....1... 117.
Ar.4PJlsovia e ............ L...... ...Ip 640al 81th OD 0lDi00O I O DP 1o 8a l.6p
leptwo2n No Smyr.. n d Ol a* 4 Betwe Tit4p ville....... sl sa
Otty Juoet"em. No.1 STATION&. No is
N o 3. No l S T A T I O N S 4- 0 aL . . . . . T i t m l e . . . . . : I
4a VI r ''" "il ........... ........... ,,
4 9.O a g - 1 .. ......... Jonter ......... .. 1 7

4 Clp 1215plAr.OrangeCyJt. p 44Dp 9 Ar ........... S ..........
Q ,tr T- tnon 1l iwa ........naq d.iy exmn ..t K.nii .

"Will you be kind enough to permit
me to defer an explanation until to-
morrow morning, sir? I wish to com-
plete the job before I make any re-
"Then you expect to capture the
criminals tonight"
"Yes, sir."
"If you do so, I shall have to ac-
knowledge that you are a born detec-
tive. You shall have the men."'
That night Bob stationed his men out
of sight near the doorway where he
had hidden himself, on the preceding
night, and waited for the arrival of the
He had arranged a signal with the
men who were concealed, and at that
signal they were to arrest the persons
whom he designated.
As the clock struck 9 the two thieves
approached from different directions,
and met at the corner.
One of them carried a satchel, which
was apparently very heavy, judging by
the way in which he carried it.
As they stood a minute, talking, a
drunken man came rolling down the
street, and in endeavoring to pass them,
gave a lurch, and struck heavily
against the man carrying the satchel,
almost knocking him down, and caus-
ing him to drop it.
"Whasser mean, sir, by (hic) get'n in
a gentl'm'n's way? Yer drunk, sir
"You fool, you're drunk yourself! Go
on about your business!"
So saying, the thief stooped to pick
up his satchel, when a violent push
from behind threw him flat upon the
At the same instant a shrill whistle
rang out upon the night air, and before
the two thieves fully realized what had
happened they were securely hand-
cuffed and on their way to the station.
Behind them walked Bob, carrying
the satchel, and entirely recovered
from the effects of the liquor from
which he was apparently suffering only
a moment before.
The next morning Bob MMIPed at

the inspector's office, carrying a
The inspector looked up from his
desk, at which he was writing, and
"Well, Westbrook, what have you
captured? Something worth the trou-
ble, I hope?"
"I don't know that it's much of a
capture, sir," said Bob.
"Well, what was it?"
"Only the robbers of Fairchild's jew-
The inspector grasped him by the
hand and shook it warmly.
"My dear fellow, permit me to con-
gratulate you! You have discovered
what has puzzled some of the best men
in the force. How did you do it?"
Bob then related his experience with
the letter and his subsequent adven-
When he had finished his story the in-
spector said:
"Westbrook, from this hour you are a
detective, attached to the regular force.
I think the thieves will have cause to
rue the day."
The inspector was right. Many a
criminal has Bob since brought to jus-
tice, and often have the criminal classes
had cause to rue the day when he was
made a detective.-Spare Moments.

SThe Practical
PRICE a.eo.
SylvanLake, Fla
"le.rtflcat Am. Mlt. Pair."

--- ----- -- -~---C- -- T -- ~----~~ .. .~ --~ ---I-. -~- ~.--~--



-' U ~'ceP 1p~R~~-n-Fg:~ECoI


_ FOR $2.00 .

1o,0oo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..


Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
............ .............1900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
lessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Arriculturist. Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fa. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- chance in 30 of getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It i g grd
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or any multiple of that number, I can order a ton of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. crs at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense E 0 PAINTER & CO.
so me.
shippingg Point..... ................................ .....
Freight Depot............... ...........................
P. O. Address.............................................. Publishers,
Note-Ifthe station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped isa D LAND FLORIDA.
"prepav." amount of frSght must be forwarded with instructions. DE LAN IA.

- i',

A High-Grade Fertilizer


"'I'ihE IDil AT BRI A NDS-
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices.
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $7.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$3o.o0 per ton CORN FERTILIZER. ....................$ao.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
PiW's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 1800 per ton. Damavaland Guano, Tbe Ideal Tobacco Fertillser, $44.00 per tom.

r III ~,psh~Rl~e~,~i~lLh-~CLE ~S1~~411~8t~