* -r ~ -
Vol. XXVII, No. 17. Whole No. 1369. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, April 25, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance
Growing Cantaloupea er Noathear
[Paper read before the Farmers' In-
stitute at Lake City, April 4th, 1900,
by C. K. McQuarrie, Secretary West
Florida Agricultural Society.]
The Florida farmer, tracker and
fruit grower holds a unique position
among his fellows, in that he must
seek a market so remote from the field
of production that the matter of cost
of transportation of his product must
enter largely into the calculations of
profit or loss on his various crops. To
the end that he will only grow those
crops that he finds most profitable,
he must make very close calculations
as to what kinds of crops these shall
be; he must study his locality and the
Lkd of soil at his disposal, and only
glow those crops best suited to both
location and soil. And it Is curious
to note how the various kinds of crops
stem to find more congenial location
il some parts of the State than in oth-
-rs. For instance, in the entire South-
bra part of the State (Dade county)
and where one would suppose it the
least likely to thrive, we find the toma-
to and eggplant two of the most prof-
itable crops that are grown there;
and so on all through the various
ranges of diversified crops. There is a
tobacco streak, so to speak, that crops
up here and there. There is a straw.
terry streak; there is a watermelon
streak, and a cantaloupe streak, and
were a map of the State to be made
up In belts such as we find In the corn
belts, marked off among the corn pro-
ducing States, the various belts would
be as well defned In Florida as in
Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois.
In my few remarks on this occa-
sion, I don't propose to touch on all
these various kinds of crops, but con-
f.ne myself principally to cantaloupes
as a profitable crop to ship to Northern
markets, and here let me say that any
farmer or tracker with low, wet, heavy
soil, had better let cantaloupes alone,
for if there is any crop that must
have light, warm, sandy soil to give
perfect results, it is the cantaloupe
crop. It has its own particular belts,
scattered across the State, as well de-
fined as If laid off by rule and square.
For the last few years public taste has
demanded that the cantaloupe must
have superior merits over the old va-
rieties of the muskmelon; must not be
too large; It must be very fine-grained,
and of a delicate, delicious flavor. Its
sise also has undergone quite a change.
It used to be that the larger the musk-
melon the more it was thought of.
"he "New Orleans market" variety,
for instance, weighing 5 to 10 pounds,
vaw considered the best of all the va-
r:eties to grow, and in some markets There are three prime essentials calls for it, proper methods of culti-
even yet those large specimens find tllat go to make a profitable cant1-r nation, and at the proper times, are
favor. But slowly and surely the pub- loupe crop: the proper soil, the now great factors in getting a perfect
lic taste is coming round to the small, proper kind of fertilizer, and proper crop. To know just exactly how many
well flavored netted gem variety, that cultivation. Of these three, the ferti- n'elons to leave on the vine, is the
weigh from one to one and a half lizer is the most Important. A genuine most important of all, for the melons
pounds each, because they have ev- cantaloupe fertilizer is not on the mar- must be of a uniform size. Too many
erything to recommend them. They ket to-day, as they all lack enough of left on the vine would make them too
are better shippers, because they potash to make a good shipper. The iiial;; too few would make them too
must be cratel for shipp'.ung; they analysis of this fertilizer should show large and of a poor quality, in that
are good keeping, because they are per cent. phosphoric acid and at least t'ey would be rank and coarse
hard and solid; their seed cavity is 11 per cent. potash. The best way for grained; hence the necessity of exer-
small, thus giving a larger proportion the grower to do is to buy his fertilizer casing sound judgment. The weather
of available material; the rind is as unmixed and do his own mixing. 600 has also a good deal to do with the
thin as brown paper; and'last, but pounds, 14 per cent. phosphate, and 200 quality of the crop. The best crop of
rot leilst, their flavor leaves nothing to pounds muriate of potash, 52 per cent., (antalouples I ever made, got only one
be desired in the way of improvement, i, about the correct amount to use. shower of rain, from the time the seed
At the head of the list of this netted his, mixed andl alpl;ed as already in- was planted until the melons were
gem variety stands the "Rocky Ford." dicated, will make as near what the shipped, and they got that shower just
The name Rocky Ford is given it be- crop wants as one can get, and then as they were coming through the
cause at that place in Colorado it ip- when the plants are l.U apply L'rou". If the soil Is well ferVlized
pears to reach the acme of perfection. about 150 pounds per a? ot nitrate f" and in a good physical condltleon an
Its fame has gone forth all over the soda, working. it w,-ll into the so-i kept well cultivated, the less rain the
land and across the ocean, for last around the plants. If this is applied crops gets the better. One of the main
summer the "Rocky Ford" cantaloupe during or pr,.-edling a rain. it w1! hbe- reasons the FLorida Rocky Ford is
was as well known on board the At- all the'better. We must bear in mind equal, if not superior, to the Colorado
alntic liners as in New lork City. It is iv connection with this fertilizer ques- article is that it gets so little rain dur-
very amusing to some of us to observe tion that what we want is a high grade ing the growing period, for the crop
the eagerness with which some of our article, of good flavor, a good shipper, .' made during the driest period of the
seedsmen claim the origin of this mel- and not too large in size. whole year.
on. Atlee Burpee and Maule, both uof
Philadelphia, make each a strong
claim to being its originator, and one
or the other must be telling big yarns
about it. However, when I want gen-
uine seed of this variety, I don't go to
either of these houses, because I can-
pot depend on getting genuine seed
flom either; it is simply a matter of
advertising with them.
The soil best adapted to this melon
is a slight sandy loam with a south-
eastern exposure. The soil should be ini
the best physical condition so as to be
responsive to good cultivation and lib-
If one intends making a cantaloupe
crop, he must prepare his ground at
least six weeks before planting time.
The first process in this preparation
is to thoroughly plow the land as deep
as the soil will allow him, that is to
say the plow must not turn up light
sand; next harrow and smooth it off,
then run furrows about six feet apart.
In these furrows scatter about 400
pounds of high grade fertilizer, and
mix well with the soil either by means
of a one-horse cultivator, or a small
i.low. Afterwards, lay off other fur-
rows 4 feet apart, at right angles with
the previous ones, in these furrows
scattering the same amount of ferti-
lier, and mix well with the soil also.
Then when ready, say In a couple of
weeks, rake a smooth bed at the
checks of these furrows and plant four
or five seeds to a hill. Cover well and
tramp them solid with the foot.
After the plants come up, thin to
three vines to a hill, always leaving
the thriftiest to grow. After cultiva.
tion should consist in keeping the
ground well pulverized and clear of
weeds. When the vines begin bloom-
ing. cultivation should cease, because
then the vines ".ili begin to run rapid-
ly and must not disturbed. The canila-
loupe is a very prolific bearer, and It
is here where the grower's real ait
comes into play, in knowing just exact-
ly how many to leave to each vine.
This operation is as delicate, If not
more so, than thinning peaches; just
which one to leave and which one to
pinch -off is sometimes a vexed ques-
tion, but one thing must certainly be
dcne and that is to take off all melons
found on lateral or side vines, as mel-
ons grown on the main vine are al-
ways the best. Sometimes, it happens,
that it is quite impossible to get over
them all; in that case, it is better to
do the best one can and use his own
judgment as what to take and what to
A great many things enter into the I
making or marring or a cantaloupe
crop. This season, for instance, the
excessive rains during the most of
March have made the ground at least i
four degrees colder than usual at this
time of the year, which will retard e
early germination of the seed. i
If the fertilizer has been applied
long enough ahead of planting time
to be readily available when the plant
Another great point with the grower
Is the proper time to pull his melons
tor crating. E:ghty days from the tim.'
4f planting, the melons should be
ready to ship; that is, if the seed wan
gotten from a Northern source, for
tilere are two weeks difference in tue
time of ripening between Florida
Sg own seed and Colorado grown seed.
iou cannot get a cantaloupe of the
'Rocky Ford" variety from Florida
seed in less than ninety to ninety-five
days. Hence the necessity of getting
Colorado seed for an early crop. An-
other point against Southern grown
seed is that it will produce a rank,
coarse melon, and the longer removed
from the original, the ranker and
coarser it gets.
The orthodox Rocky Ford crate
must be used to get the Best results In
the markets. This crate is recognized
everywhere as the standard, its di-
mensions being 24x12x12. It should
contain exactly 45 me.ans; if fewer,
they are too large; if i.ore, they are
too small. The capacity of this crate
s a little over a bushel, and should
weigh, gross weight, 64 pounds.
It is curious to notice the effect the
package has on selling of its contents.
Shave sent some of the finest Rocky
Fords that were ever put on the Chi-
cago market in square crates and
ailed to get near the price an inferior
nelon brought, that was put up in the
orthodox package. The commission
nan admitted the fact of the superior
2B8 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
quality of one over the other, but was I
powerless to obtain a higher price,
because a crate off the ordinary run
of this particular article is looked on
In shipping these cantaloupes, they'
must be as carefully packed as peaches
or any of th- Baslt frvit sent to mar
ket. They must be of a uniform, even
size, not mixed up small and large
for the sake of packing closer. The
market is very particular on these
points, and as the average price re-
ceived for a carload is determined by
the poorest specimens, shippers should
be very careful. Where there is a
strong organization of shippers at any
one point, they can employ an overseer
to see that everything is properly done,
but when there are only a few ship-
pers at any one place, every indivi-
dual must do his level best to have
everything up to the standard mark.
in packing in the cars also, care must
be exercised that they are properly
stacked and placed, so that a current
1of air can reach around them. Stats
should be placed on the car floor andt
everything done to get them to their
destination in the best possible condi-
Every grower should have his own
stencil and mark his own crates, and
tako a pride and pleasure in shliDinir
nothing but what is frst-class in ev-
ery way. It is remarkable how soon
commission men and buyers get on to
a good thing in that line and call for
more, but they just as soon get on to
un inferior article and won't have any
more of it at any price.
Regarding probable yield per acre
and returns for same, a good deal
could be said both for and against
profitable results. A very conserva-
tive estimate would place the yield per
acre at one hundred and fifty crates
of superior melons, (the inferior
should never be shipped). I have tak-
en nine thousand melons off an acre,
liut tat was an exceptional yield. The
average price gross has ranged in the
past years for the Florida product
fiom $3.75 down to $1.25 per crate, the
average being about $2.25. Thus you
see, that after charging for crates
about 8 cents each, freight and com-
'iBBslos gay 7T ounts, It still leavsn a
good profit per acre, and is worthy of
consideration by every farmer who
has suitable land and good shipping fa-
cilities. The question is often asked,
will this cantaloupe business not be
overdone, when so many go into it.
The answer to that is there is always
room at the top. A good article al-
ways commands the price, and a su-
perior article creates a demand for
more. There will be five Rocky Fords
sold this year for every one that was
sold last year, and there were five sold
last year for every one sold the year
lwfore and so on. The demand for a
good thing always keeps pace with the
No doubt the growers must come
closer together and watch the markets,
tl'at no glut takes place, causing a
drop in prices. It is along these lines
that farmers and trucking associations
must get in their finest work. In un-
ion is strength and in union alone lies
the secret of using that strength to
best advantage all along the lines of
marketing our farm produce, let it be
cantaloupes, fruit or whatever we pro-
duce from the soil.
The weather bureau has just issued
Its annual report for the year ending
31st December, last, to which is at- P. J. Nevin's remark as printed id the
tached several concise temperature Florida Agriculturist of the 28th
and rain charts. The report is most March from the Fruit Trade Journal,
interesting and instructive, as from it
we find that the rainfall varied from
under 50 inches in the centre of the
island to 140 at the eastern end. The
urksatr fall was at the siraytion of
1.i20i feet above sea level and in the
coffee planted mountains. The day af-
ter the hurricane is responsible in
most parts of the island, for a very
heavy fall, in one part 22 inches hav-
ing been recorded. Making fair deduc-
tion for that the year's fall would be
reduced to normal or about 134 inches.
Coming to the thermometer we find
r~ordedi a mean of 76.06, with a max-
imum of 95. ) and a minimum of 49.00
None of these records vary beyond a
decimal point from the mean of the
past five years. From January to the
beginning or middle of April are dry
months, very little rain falling during
the whole period, then commences a
period of light rains and weather most
suitable for planting. October, No-
vember and December are always very
wet and little or no agricultural work
All planting is done on a most prim-
:i\'% plan1: except anllong the sugar;
Iplante(rs, who have good plows. The
piii: )r-t 151 ism fati *- aY ysry
shot handle, and a hoe are about the
<,nly implements in use. It is true
there is an affair that the native hon- I
ors with the name of a plow, but work
with it is very slow, and a good old
la;rn door fowl with a brood of young
chickens will do more good work in
one hour than a dozen of such plows
in a diay
In some parts of the island lands
are to be had at very moderate prices,
and vary much according to locality
and the purpose for which they are
Cassava grows well near the coast,
but not in the hills, as the land, besides
being too wet is too clayey and stiff.
Sweet potatoes grow to a great size,
and thoujanidi of ac rs of g66 la18d,
well suited for pineapples can be got
at prices ranging from $8 to $10 and
upwards. Smooth Cayennes grow to
perfection, also the Sugarloaf and oth-
ers. It would be necccnary to bring I
shoots for planting at the beginning,
as those to be had are not of a very
high order, are for the most part Su-
garloaf, which is not a good packing
pineapple; the other pine generally
known as the Porto Rican pine, whilst
growing to an immense size, is pithy
Several prominent and well known
Florida orange planters are now defin-
itely settled in the island, and having
secured good land, are settling down
tc their work. Scarcely a steamer ar-
rives from the north without leaving
at least one orange planter. A large
company, having over a thousand
acres of land in the best part of the
Island,'has already started work and
has brought in selected trees from
Florida. This company lias also secur-
that the principal development of
groves must be by capitalists or com-
panies on a large scale. Any person of
small capital can find ample means of
ostting out a grove to suit his own
pocket. In fact it Is a country well
adapted to the man of small means.
Arthur C. Howard.
San Juan Porto Rico.
Florida State Horticultural Society.
The following circular letter has
been issued by Secretary Stephen Pow-
ors, of tho Florida ateto Hortioultural
society, regarding the coming annual
convention, which is to be held in
Jacksonville, commencing May 1.
"The State Horticultural Society to-
day takes its watchword from its vet-
eran leader, Rev. Lyman Phelps. 'I
do not give up the orange. When I
(io, I shall no longer trust my prayers.'
Fiorida will yet raise millions of boxes,
protection or no protection. If driven
to the ends of the continent, like the
Seminole, the industry will make its
final stand in the Everglades. With
the strong Angle-Saxon energy our
coulltrymen will penetrate the fastness-
es of llhe alligator and drain them; they
yill plau!t Eitu__ teoa and fruit them
fioni tiie coral floors of Miami to the
rank hammocks of the Caloosa-
"The velvet bean?-by all means,
but the orange-Florida will abandon
it never: It put money in her
purse, and will it do it again, on a cor-
rect basis of location, culture and pro-
"The climate of Dakota has done its
worst. The turpentine madness will
soon be overpast, and the Florida for-
ests will rest ana grow again.
"It is truism that all the people
know more than any one of the people.
The society's annual reports are a
granary of sound and winnowed infor-
mation, worth to every resident or
prospective B1orielturlBt much more
than their monetary cost. We want
every old member and every new
member to send us a dollar and come
to the convention; but, whether he
lihas lciiii to c6m6e r Bot, 0to Von0 hi
"Every respectable white person is
eligible to membership without any
formality other than remittance and
the certificate, which the secretary
promptly forwards, entitling the mem-
bers to the reduced railroad rates.
These are over the Louisville & Nash-
ville, Florida Central and Peninsular,
Plant System and Florida East Coast
Railroads, one full fare and a quarter
for the round trip.
"Of hotels, we can recommend, with-
out any disparagement of others, the
Duval, the Rathbun, the Placide, the
Travelers, the Acme (rooms only), and
the Richelieu, whose rates range from
75 coats to 12 a day, rooms alone, 50
cents to $1. Of restaurants, the Call-
fornia, 127 West Bay; Pigniolo's, 308
ea options on some very fine lands, West Bay; Elliot's Coffee House, 227
which they hold in lots for disposal to West Bay; Myerson's 15-23 Hogan
intending planters at very moderate
prices. Labor is plentiful, the general
field laborers' wage being about
30 cents for good hands who work
from sunup to sunset, and yet for all
that the labor cannot be considered
cheap, because it is unskilled and in
excess of that paid in any of the Brit-
ish or other West India islands by as
much as six or eight cents.
There is no reason whatever for Mr.
street, offer wholesome lunches and
liberal meals at 10 cents to 25 cents.
Of boarding houses, Mrs. W. T. Mc-
Nelty, 21 East Duval; Mrs. C. F. Ben-
son, 222 West Adams; Victoria Hotel,
Julia and Forsyth; Empire House, 219
West Adams, will give satisfaction.
"Special papers to be presented will
be found replete with practical infor-
mation. Professor McKinney last win-
ter protected over a thousand orange
trees with all the known devices. Mr.
McFarland has witnessed the experi-
ments tried with several thousands.
Mr. Calver will treat of his system of
protecting pineapples with cloth and
coke-burning stoves. Messrs. Farmer
and Grifing will write from the stand-
?Oint of trained specialist, who can
give valuable advice to fruit growers
seeking a change of country or of voca-
tion. Mr. Grifling traversed Porto
Rico through and through, seeing
things which only an experienced fruit
grower would observe. Professor
Webber will report progress in the
novel experiment of bringing up a
hardy orange tree by hybridizing.
"The excursion will show to FIoril-
ians at Pablo the finest seaside resort
south of Cape May, with a great pal-
metto-bordered boulevard 'stretching
niles along the sea; and at Mayport
the second largest freight wharves
south of Norfork-full of significance
for the industrial capital of the penin-
sula-the confidence of capital in Flor-
"Please show these circulars to your
friends and try to secure one new
member. S. Powers, Secretary."
"Be sure and bring to the meeting
the railroad standard certificate, which
will be sent you later."
The following is the official program
;f the meeting. As will be seen it is
of unusual interest:
Tuesday, May 1.-1. Call to order-
President Geo. L. Taber.
2. Opening prayer.
3. Addresses of welcome-Mayor J.
E. T. Bowden on behalf of the city;
Capt. C. E. Garner on behalf of the
Board of Trade.
4. Response to addresses of wel-
come-Dr. George Kerr.
5. Report of special committee on
local arrangements-Geo. W. Wilson,
C. M. Grifing, L. Cameron.
6. Paper by Prof. J. Y. McKinney,
Chandler, on Protection of Orange
Wedniesay, May 1, 1, RKport of
standing committee on citrus fruits--
Rev. Lyman Phelps, Sanford; M. S.
Moremen, Switzerland; A. H. Crane,
9. Report 6f tIandlhig immilttow on
damage from cold and best methods of
prevention-H. B. Stevens, Stetson; E.
S. Hubbard, Federal Point; E. O.
Paper by C. K. McQuarrie, De-
Funiak, Maintaining Permanent Or-
Afternoon Session.-1. Prof. H. J.
Webber, U. 8. D. A., Washington, on
Hardy Orange Trees.
2. Report of standing committee on
diseases and insects of the citrus-
Prof. P. H. Rolfs, Lake City; A. J.
Pettigrew, Manatee; C. H. Baker,
3. Report of standing committee on
pears, peaches and plums-G. P. Hea-
ly, Jafferyi W, E. Baker, Melrose;
Albert Fries, St. Nicholas.
4. Report of standing committee on
entomology-Prof. H. A. Gossard,
Lake City; W. H. Jones, Orange Bend;
B. H. Alden, Stetson.
Evening sesslon.-i. Report of the
standing committee on pineapples and
other tropical fruits-C. T. McCarty,
Ankona; Wm. P. Neeld, t. Peters-
burg; F. N. Price, Orlando.
2. Paper on protection of pineries,
by J. V. Calver, Orlando.
2. Report of the standing committee
on strawberries and mirHd asi
truata-H. G. lietehier, Gala flB IL
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2W
Cameron, Jacksonville; W. P. Tucker,
3. Report of standing committee on
ornamentals-C. D. Putney, Avon
I-ark; Mrs. 8. C. Warner, Palatka; W.
J. Ellsworth, Jessamine.
4. Report of standing committee on
vegetables-H. G. Hastings, Inter-
lachen; H. Fleming, Kissimmee; T. P.
Thursday, May 3-1. Election of of-
2. Selection of next place of meeting.
3. Secretary's report.
4. Treasurer's report.
5. Executive committee's report.
6. Report of tne standing commit-
tee on grapes, figs and kakl-W. S.
Hart, Hawks Park; A. B. Harrington,
Winter Haven; W. H. Mann, Mann-
Thursday Afternoon.-Excursion to
East Coast summer resort hotel at
Pable and freight depots at Mayrart.
Thursday Evenlng.-1. Report of
standing committee on marketing and
good roads-W. M. Bennett, Oka-
humpka; C. M. Griffing, Jacksonville;
Chas. L. Beers, Emporia.
2. Report of standing committee on
nomenclature-Prof. H. J. Webber,
Washington, D. C.; Dr. L. Montgom-
ery, Micanopy; F. D. Waite, Palmetto.
3. Paper, One Year's Experience in
Practical Protection, W. H. McFar-
4. Paper, Florida vs.TPorto Rico, C.
M. Griffing, Jacksonville.
Finuay.--. raper on 6aunaram Uil-
ture in Its Commercial Aspects, Chas.
E Farmer, Lake Mary.
2. Report of standing committee on
forestry-Dr. George Kerr, Pierson;
Prof. E. T. Cox, Albion; H. H. Har-
3. Paper (subject to be announced),
Prof. H. Harold Hume, Lake City.
4. Report of standing committee on
ftrtillzers and irrigation-M. F. Robin-
son, Sanford; E. Bean, Jacksonville;
Thos. E. Richards, Eden.
5. Report of special committee ap-
pointed to visit American Pomological
Society-Prof. H. J. Webber, Washing-
ton; Rev. Lynman Phelps, Sanford: G.
L. Taber, Glen St. Mary.
The raising of broomcorn for mar-
ket Is mostly confined to States north
.or the Mason and Dixon line. There
seems to be no climatic reasons for
ttl, but It la more on atwunt 9f the
thrift and effort of the. whole people
of the Northern and Western States.
As a matter of fact, I think Georgia
soil and climate are better adapted to
the culture of broomcorn than States
farther North. Broomcorn being a
species of sorghum, will thrive where
that will grow. The soil and cultiva-
tion would be largely the same I think.
The demand is good for all that is
being raised and there need be no fear
of over production for some time to
come. By reason of trusts, as I under-
stand, controlling the supply on hand,
the price has-been raised from four to
eleven cents per pound. I don't be-
lieve this state of affairs could be held
so long just by trusts if th6 demand
was not good also. At four cents a
pound the cultivation would yield a
small margin of profit and at 11 cents
a pound the profit would be encourag-
ing. I never raised any, but the mar-
ket has been all along at 4 cents and
thereabouts until the trusts got fully
behind tho sml In other words It wa
raised at 4 cents a pound as an Invest-
iment br armes. New that the price
is 11 cents a pound it is worth think- tiny baby gopher. The animals are
ing about. allowed to roam at will all over the
There are broom factories springing Doctor's house. The Doctor's pet cat,
up here and there in the South and lh-lhlod, and three little maltese kit-
the Georgia raised broomcorn would tens, which also make their home at
find a home demand right here. I I)r. Fletcher's are on terms of the
don't think there is any danger of a closest friendship with the strangers
failure to produce or a failure to find from the Southland. Ichabod loves to
a market for the broomcorn, follow the gophers about the house,
The raising of the corn is easy, but giving them an encouraging pat with
the care and curing of it takes some' his paw every now and then, by way
care agd 6SpXB6U, Romu oommend
the breaking of the heads and letting
them hang down so as to pare the
straw straight. In fact I think this
has to be done. Then it has to be put
on racks or slatted floor to dry and
cure. These, I think can be placed
one above the other.
The kind of seed to plant, I think Is
the evergreen variety. There are other
kinds, I suppose, that are good. The
white or yellow straw is generally dyed
screen in the manfaeture and on
that account if the straw can be raised
and cured green it saves the dyeing
and is really better straw and of
course makes better brooms.
I have seen as long straight broom-
corn straw raised in Georgia as from
elsewhere but ft was not on a large
scale. Still it shows what can be done.
It might not be a bad idea for every
farmer to include a small patch of
broomcorn in his crop and by degrees
Itarn how to raise and save broomcorn
straw for market.
The Nationat Broom Works, Atlanta,
da.. han urud w-lSt G.l igla ralsad
broomcorn it could get, and it averages
up very well with the Northern broom-
corn. In these days of new industries
it might not be out of place to try the
experiment.-M. M. Middlebrooks in
Summer Heat.-This is the season
for bowel complaints. Green apples
and cucumbers produce them and
Perry Davis' Pain-Killer cures them.
To the troubled stomach it comes like
a balm, the wind is assuaged, and the
trouble ceases. Every druggist in the
land keeps Pain-Killer, and no one
should be without it in his family.
Avoid substitutes, there is but one
Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price 25c,
and 50c. 3
Florida Gophers Thriving in Indi-
According to the Indianapolis Press
oif March 3rd, Dr. W. B. Fletcher, one
of our regular visitors, Is the only
scientist who has met with success in
keeping Florida gophers in a Northern
climate during the severe winter
months. That paper says: While
rusticating on his little country place
near Orlando, Fla., last summer, the
Doctor became greatly interested in
the gophers found everywhere in the
pine barrens and sandy uplands of
Florida-never north of the Savannah
river. To most persons living out-
side of Florida the word "gopher" in-
dicates one of the pouched rodents,
rats or sauirels which burow in the
ground and are found from Illinois
west to the Pacific coast, and all over
the Southwestern Btates. The Flori-
da gopher Is an entirely different kind
of animal. It looks like a mud turtle,
but differs widely from the turtle in
everything except appearance.
Dr. Fletcher brought one of the ani-
mals when he returned home last
summer and two more when he came
back to Indianapolis ofter his Decem-
ber sojourn in the Sunny South. The
other day he received by express a
of selling them along, for they are
extremely slow in their movements.
The kittens delight in playing with
them, and takes turns in teasing the
members of the gopher family.
Dr. Fletcher has been making a
study of the animals. He knows just
what they like to eat, and has made
many discoveries in regard to their
characteristics and habits that are of
real scientific value. Among other
things he has discovered that the
gopher chews a cud like a cow. While
holding a big gopher on nis knees yes-
terday in his study, he talked enter-
tainingly about the animals. As he
talked the Doctor gently rubed the
head of the animal, and the old go-
pher closed his eyes in blissful con-
"If Nature intended to put into any
cue animal the characteristics of all
that is harmless and kind, she suc-
ceeded when she turned out the go-
pher," said the Doctor, and among
other interesting things in relation to
the gopher, he said that "the go-
*stIur 1i1 niaicir h in irmfil sunSlg
is a slight hiss as the head is drawn
suddenly in, compressing the lungs
and forcing the air quickly through
the chink of the glottis. Sometimes,
however, I have thought that I heard
a faint "mew" like that of a kitten.
"I have found that while the gopher
is a strict vegetarian in its native
State, it will really learn, under do-
mestication, to drink milk and eat
salads of various kinds. It heartily
abjures all kinds of flesh or insects,
and would starve to death before eat-
ing either. The general intelligence
of the gopher is limited. It remem-
bers localities, but I do not think it
teinuembers friends or enemies. This
big fellow of mine likes a warm, snug
corner by the fire when the days are
cool. When outdoors in the warm
sunshine he wanders to distant places
where lie formerly found good pastur-
age. lie knows where the gate is, and
likes to get out on the street for a
As the Doctor finished speaking he
suddenly remembered that he had
,laced his bahy gopher in the pocket
of his smoking jacket early in the
morning and had forgotten all about
it. Making a dive into the pocket, he
drew forth a sleepy little fellow that
had evidently been enjoying a good,
long nap, and did not in the least rel-
ish the idea of being disturbed.
Make Home Attractive.
The truest, most noble and virtuous
men and women have had the founda-
tion of their characters laid in faith-
fulness, love and purity in the home
life on the dear old farm.
The farmer's wife-yes, the country
farmer's wife-has a noble mission.
that of creating by her earnest and
untiring efforts a home so attractive
and congenial that its influence may
ever hover as white-winged angels
over the lives of her children.
It is the fond mother's delight to
look forward to her Children's mature
years, to build air eastles of her boy's
NO REMEDY EQUALS PERUNA,
80 THE WOMEN ALL SAT
Miss Susan Wymar, teacher in the
Richmond school, Chicago, Il., writes
the following letter to Dr. Hartman re-
gaPraing oPu=F-na. ahn says: "Only
those who have suffered as I have, can
know what a blessing it is to be able to
find relief in Pe-ru-na. This has been
my experience. A friend in need is a
friend indeed, and every bottle of Pe-ru-
na I ever bought proved a good friend
to me."-Susan Wymar.
Mrs. Margaretha Danben, 1214 North
Superior St., Racine City. Wis., writes:
SI feel so well and good and happy now
that pen cannot describe it. Pe-ru-na i
everything to me. I have taken seven
bottles of Pe-ru-na for female complaint
I am in the change of life and itdoes me
good." Pe-ru-na has no equal in all of
the irregularities and emergencies pe-
uliar su womcnu uoaud by vai7l
Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus, O.,
.-' : !r '- 'k for women only
success and honor in life, to dream
sweet dreams of her girl's pure, chaste
and refined young womanhood; still
it is not wise to allow ourselves to
think too much on the future; the fu-
ture is not ours-never will it be ours.
We should act now-yes, now, in the
living present; plan and manage, that
we ilay draw all the sweetness, happi-
ness and pleasure out of this week,
this day, this hour. In some homes
the great barrier to the making of the
home life attractive to the young poo-
pie is the tendency to hoard and scrimp)
through all the best years to lay up
money for tne future, thinking that
then would they say, "Soul, take thine
ease; eat, drink and be merry."
Now, if you do not want the boys
and girls to become anxious to leave
you, you must not put off until the fu-
trre the happiness you might enjoy
every day. On the other hand, no one
in this fair land of ours should be sat-
isfled with the bare necessities of life.
"Onward and Upward" is the watch-
word of progress. If your home is on-
ly a lowly cottage every effort should
be made to brighten and beautify it.
Oh, how much can be done along this
line, without expense too, if one will
use good judgement and utilize the odd
moments. Make a start on your part
and see how quickly the children ac-
quire a taste for the beautiful; the cul-
tivation of this taste has an elevating
touch that leads on to refinement and
education, and it is through these
agencies that the farmer'o wife must
expect to make her home lastingly at-
tractive to her boys and girls. It is
only through these channels that she
can arouse and awaken the higher,
nobler qualities of child's nature. We
must not forget, in the scramble to get
on in the world, that "life is more than
meat and body is more than raiment."
Teach your children the true vale eo
260 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
good literature and they will be as anx.
lous fu yourself to tare utp ihe uictkeil
and dimes for their annual box for
( hristmas books and aulltiini sulsccrip.
lions to their favorite periodicals.
Teach them to love and revel in the
i"'''lg y Qg weet ullisic-; wiclil h.:tli thl>
I-ower as nothing else to cheer the
veary hours and sooth the ach ng
heart. Teach them to love the care
and culture of flowers, whose modest,
silent sweetness meets our gaze at
moru, at noon, at eve, and at every
lcur. Teach them to love tile songs
of the birds, the humming of the bees
rnd the murmuring of the brook.
Teach them to love the sweet, soleimn-
like silence of the twilight, as the stars
come peeping out one by one, and the
silvyry mesa begins to show hLre1e? f
through the tangled lbranchel s of tile
cherry tree. Teach them that a life
of idleness is a disgrace, a sin, a direct
violation of God's law, but that in use-
ful labor there is honor, success and
happiness. Teach them that well
regulated labor gives a good appetite,
strong digestion, and brings sweet, re-
freshing sleep. Teach them to love
the turning of the soil, the planting of
the seed, the tending of the little
plants and the watching of them as
they put forth one bud here and an-
oilier there. Teach tlem that as ther
plants grow, little by little, first the
stalk, the buds, the leaves, the flowers,
and then the full matured fruit, Just
so the child grows slowly, slowly, from
the helpless infant to mature man-
hood or womanhood, and that as the
plant must have the proper plant food
and culture in order to make a vigor-
ous, well-developed growth, so must
the child have proper food for the
body, mind and soul, in order that the
buds, leaves and flowers and mature
fPruit of ihce higher fnculticn of th; ifi-
tellect may be perfectly developed and
fitted for the sweet home beyond.
The influence of the home life, where
the comforts are enjoyed along with
the useful and the beautiful, where
the mind finds food for activity and
development, where the body finds the
necessary recreation along with the
manual labor, all combine in fixing in
thv memory of boys and girls the
sweetest scenes and most lasting im-
p esisons of a long life.
Would that all our young people
might enjoy such privileges and enter
the active world with their beneficial
*Beggarweed as a IFerttlirer.
Beggarweed, in common with all
other leguminous plants, may be used
as a nitrogen gatherer by the farmer,
who is thus enabled to procure at
small expense large quantities of this
most valuable fertilizer or plant food.
A crown of beggarweed turned under,
will, when decomposed, retain near
the surface in easy reach of the roots
of succeeding crops more of whatever
fertilizers are subsequently applied.
Besides adding a large amount of ni-
trogen to the soil the begarweed takes
up large quantities of lime and potash,
about one-half of the total amount of
ash consisting of these two elements.
A four ton crop of beggarweed would,
If turned under as green manure, sup-
ply an equivalent of half a ton of the
best commercial fertilizer for the use
of the succeeding crop in the rotation.
Seeding.-For a crop of seed, beggar-
weed should be sown at the rate of
five to six pounds of clean seed per
acre. If grown for hay, eight to ten
f1,r0nd alloull bDO ued. It should not
be sown until the ground is warm and
ltoii.x nual tlh l t-cr rsedi iJi refcrable
to the pods because of the more uni-
form germination and better stand
which may be obtained. The seed is
about the size, shape and color of red
clover and weighs about as much to
the bushel. It is now on the market
at a price low enough to place it with-
in the reach of any farmer. If sown
.It the beginning of the summer rains
the seed need not be covered. it must
not be buried too deeply else the young
plants wIll not be able to reach the sur-
face. By sowing at the beginning of
the summer two crops may be secured.
If cut for hay at the time the first
towers appear the roots will send up
a second crop, which may be saved
far APt'ti, n g an u good will scatter
to insure a crop the next season. The
seed may also be scattered in the corn
rows :a tile time of the last cultivation
or at the beginning of the rains in
JIune. Then, after the corn has been
stripped or cut for fodder, the beggar-
weedl may be mown for hay or har-
vested for seed. The crop should be
cut for hay when it is about three or
tour feet high, or at the beginning of
- !.' mllillng period. 11' cut lft'erl' full
iliooiii many of the lower leaves will
,, ae fallen and much of the best part
f the (rop will be lost.
\ a;inu- for Hay.-Beggarweed makes
i iinu quality of hay, which is relished
.' 1 ;!i; ; '- :! 04 1i1n1.1n att(s:. Ii i- Ilr-:
t-alble to ielvet bean for hay on ac-
,utnt of the ease with which it may
. cult wit li he ordinary mnower.
( oUlpared With Other Fora:ge
i'ants.-Digestion experiments wthl
1eggarweed forage have not been
:made, but judging from the compari-
son of the analyses with those of red
l<,\love, tie nutritive ration would be
tbotlt the aBme, in rnl Dtiggarwetit
zlhe percentage of crude protein is less
lian in red clover, because there is a
liuchl larger amount of crude tiber, due
t, the larger and more woody stems,
ihe percentage of loss in feeding beg-
ga;riwt' i.s acordingly greater. On
the other hand, the yield per acre is
iHigher than that of red clover, ranging
from thiee to five or even six tons per
aoro, liepallly when two croDa are
cut. Beggairweed is perhaps, the best
of the Southern leguminous crops for
the lighter, sterile, sandy soils, includ-
ing the hammock and pine lands of
Florida and the sandy lands along the
Beggarweed hay may be fed to best
advantage by adding to the ration
some coarse forage which contains a
smaller amount of crude protein and
more carbohydrates. In tnis way all
of the digestible portion of tie crude
protein in the beggarweed may be util-
After the seed crop has been harvest-
ed beggarweed comes up again and
tle roweu supplies fine pasturage un-
til killed by frost. It never becomes
a bad weed. The seeds do not sprout
until the ground is warm, and it may
be used as a rotation crop, following
early spring vegetables or corn, the
seeds remaining in the ground and
making their appearance after these
crops are out of the way.-Farmers'
Bulletin No. 102.
The Mocotee Fruit.
Nocotee is a small place in the south-
ern part of DeSoto county, Florida,
around which there are a number of
fine orange groves. A new citrus fruit
has been discovered there. One Ool.
Wattilts, who, by the way, does not
reside at Nocotee, has two groves at
that place, In one of those groves he
has a tree, which by some is val-
ued at ten thousand dollars; this tree
Lears the so-called Nocotee fruit.
At a meeting of the Avon Park Hor-
ticultural Society this fruit was sam-
pled and discussed. It was evident
that this fruit is neither an orange or
grapefruit. It is a hybrid, and claimed
to be a cross between the sweet or-
ange, the bitter-sweet orange, the
grapefruit and lemon. To quote Web-
ster: "Hybrid-A mongrel from the
mixture of two species." This Nocotee
fruit, as it has been named, Is a mon-
grel. produced from the mixture of
four species, if we are to take the word
of those who profess to know. If its
parentage Is four sDecies. or rather a
mixture of four species, then instead
of being a hybrid it is a curiosity
among fruits. The Nocotee fruit Is
without doubt a hybrid, and therefore
its origin cannot be traced to four but
tc two distinct species. The flavor of
the new fruit is unlike either the or-
ange or grapefruit. It is of good fla-
vor and a novelty among citrus fruits.
It is about as large as a sweet seed-
ling orange, and of about the color.
Those who have tried it claim the
.tovott, fruit excellent for jelly, mur-
llaiade and preserves, some claiming
that in time it will become the leading
citrus fruits in the canning factory, as
it in cnid tn retail its yltYr g.?? hoe-
ing cooked better than any other citrus
It being a hybrid, undoubtedly it
cannot be propogated from seed and
only increased by budding. Col. Wat-
kins has the only tree of this fruit in
the world. If half the good things that
;A b. it t_ th C I
The door thet I)antO saw had this inscriW
tion over it: I;,spair of hope, all ye who
enter lirc." When man di;pairs of hope
he drains the very dregs of despair.
There are certain forms of disease to
which medical ignorance and popular su-
perstition have given the title of Hope-
less." That very fact handicaps tl:e suffier-
ers from such diseases by robbing them of
the courage to try to regain I h-aith. This is
patiadlarly true of lungr diai -t As soon
as disease fastens on the lnngs, the victim
sits down, makes his will, and awaits his
fate. He wouldn't act that way if he were
bitten by a taran-
tula or a rattle-
ena e. He'd fihit
then for his life.
But he is under the
influence of the ig-
S= norant and super-
S stitious, that write
"Despair of hope"
over the door of
such diseases as by
a= B neglect or unskillf
ful treatment may
end fatally in con-
TIierm is anew In-
scription for that
doorwa of disease,
made by rubbing
out the first two
words and leaving
it: "Hope all ye
who enter here." What. Can there be
hope for the sufferer with the constant
cough, flushed face, burdened breathing
and emaciated body? The record says
"yes." Ninety-eight out of every hundred
cases in which Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery has been used have been per-
mantly cured. "Golden Medical Discov-
ery" positively c'vres weak lungs, bron-
chitis, obstinate hl:gering cough, bleeding
of the lungs and kindred ailments, which,
if neglctkd, find a fatal endpal i ea su p-
tion. It contains no alcoh, whisky or
"Your medicine is the best I have ever taken."
writes Mrs. Jennie Dingman of Vanburen, Kal-
kaska Co., Mich. "Last spring I had a bad
cough; got so bad I had to bei bed all the time.
my -!!!I tn"un i lt i a suflumtion Fc
wanted me to get a doctor, but I told him if it
was consumption they could not help me. We
thought we woDld trv'Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi-
cal Discovery and before I had taken one bottle
the cough stopped d I have since had no signs
Dr. Pierce's Pel. ts are the best for the
bowels. Use them with the Discovery."
re u Uv vu a e etn o.. f:ct success, as all now know, for I
Watkins has a small fortune in the not only get good returns during my
tnr itrt-: which he owiid. Thli Avt I re, Dut :iy Ielrs Will gPt thli prinUClal
is evidence of what can be accom- when I tdit.
polished by hybridizing. It will prob-
ably not be many years before there man sould lant some grove o ree
l b h e, e d t man should plant some grove of trees
will be hundreds, yea, and thousands while young that will give him good
or the Nocotee fruit in DeSoto county, returns in old age. The ordinary
which is now the banner orange coun- tape are o hard, and expensive to
ty of the State.--Clark D. Knapp in a ha a
produce, and the market is so often
Fruit and Trade Journaloverstocked, that there is not often
much profit in them. Then old people
reP ns am an Insumnea, unnot afro l to toll Ba young onou ao.
Mr. Samuel H. James of Mound, La., Especially should men with young
believes that a pecan grove is of more children plan far ahead. They should
profit to a man than a life insurance plant trees that will come into
policy. In the Cotton Planters' Jour- bearing in the years to come. This
nal, he says: plan is in more general use in the old
'About fifteen years ago a life in- countries of Europe, where men plan
surance agent approached me, asking for fifty years ahead for the improve-
me to insure my life. 'No,' said I, '1 meant of their estates, and it is rapid-
will plant me a large pecan grove, and ly getting to be more the case in this
that shall be my life insurance. The country.
yearly premiums shall go toward the "Several varieties of trees could be
cultivation and care of the grove, and profitably planted for this purpose.
I shall get my returns while still alive, They must be hardy, long-lived and
and leave to my heirs the most valu- suited to the climate in which they are
able piece of property in the State.' planted. The apple, the black walnut
He laughed at me. Still, I planted my (for its wood), and the pecan stand
grove in the lowlands of Louisiana, out foremost among these. In rare
bought the finest seed to be had, gave cases and localities the orange, lemon,
the trees good attention from the English walnut and almond would do,
start, and already I am getting fair in- but none of these first-mentioned will
terest on my investment. I am now do in our portion of the South; in fact,
forty-two years old this month, and the only tree that is suited for that
my grove is fifteen years old. The purpose is the pecan. They have ev-
trees came into bearing at nine years erything in their favor, and the one
and each year now the yield gets more thing against them is the time neces-
and more, and grove more valuable, aary to bring a grove into bearing.
In five more years, if I am alive, I can The pecan is the best, because the nuts
afford to live like a prince, and when are the finest of all nuts, and sell for
I write about pecans it will no longer the highest prices in the big cities. Of
be from Mound, La. The insurance course, I speak of the large, improved
agent who laughed at me committed varieties. The little wild ones are
suicide several years ago, otherwise I scarcely marketable. Then the pecan
migt now afford to laugh at him is not killed by overflow, is not subject
My plan or lire Insuran was a perI to any Zorm of IuIgt or
_ __ I
but few insects prey upon them, and chops for steer feeding. In this case
all of these are easily handled. After steers were fed for eighty-three days
you once get your grove into bearing a daily ration of corn and hay *(weigh-
there is no expense for cultivation or ing 18.4 pounds), causing a gain of
care. All you have to do is to pick the 1.80 pounds per day, while the ration
pecans up, put them in barrels and of cotton seed, corn and hay weighed
wKlip thom. Mow tllfoErunt from cotw uily 14. itundll. caused a rain of 2,07
ton! pounds. When fed corn and hay alone
"Where large pecans are planted, an 800 pound steer may be expected
you get a large proportion of trees to gain at the rate of two pounds per
l-aring large, line nuts. A few trees day under favorable conditions for a
will bear inferior nuts, and these you short fattening period. When cotton
can top and bud at any time before seed is judiciously combined with corn
theyi get fifteen years old, and change and hay, or corn and hulls, the gains
into fine trees. it is not necessary for run as high as 2.5 or 3 pounds every
one to be young to plant a pecan
grove in order to get returns from it.
"My mother was fifty-three years
old when my grove was planted, and
we now can afford comforts which we
could not otherwise hive had. In
closing, let me give the reader one
warning: Do not expect your grove
to take care of itself while little. You
must cultivate it and attend to it, oth-
erwise it will not thrive. Cotton is
the best thing to plant in a pecan
grove. Cotton is nearly always well
cultivated, and the pecans get the ben-
efit. I never knew an old man in my
life who, upon discussing the pecan
question, did not express a regret that
he had not planted a pecan grove in
his youth, so that it might take care
of him in his old age. This at least,
will not be one of my regrets when I
Value of Cotton seed.
Besides the test in ample detail, The
Bulletin contains an article by Profes-
sor Connell on the above subject,
which we reproduce:
Our cotton seed crop is remark-
able for the amount of flesh-forming
material that we may secure from it
annually. With cotton seed materials
in hand, our fed cattle gain more rap-
idly than do the stock of other portions
of the United States, as determined by
actual experiment. In this connection
Professor Henry, in his valuable book
upon "Feeds and Feeding," after pre-
senting a table showing the results of
feeding cottonseed and its products,
says, "This table shows the high value
cf cotton seed, whether raw, roasted
or boiled, and also of its by-product,
cotton seed meal, for beef production.
No grain raised at the North equals it,
pcund for pound for beef production.
When we reflect that every pound of
cotton fibre grown there are two
pounds of seed, no argument is needed
to convince us that the South is cap-
able of producing the beef required for
If the 1,500,000 tons of cotton seed
produced by the State annually is esti-
mated at one-half the value (per bush-
el) of corn valued at 40c, it is worth,
for feeding purposes alone, $18,000,000,
and for fertilizing purposes the feed
can be utilized to the extent of $6,OQ0,
000, so that In the seed of the cotton
crop alone the citizens of the State
should receive $24,000,000 per annum,
if fully fertilized.
Investigations by the Texsa station
show that if properly combined with
hay and corn, a pound of raw seed is
worth more for beef production than
a pound of corn and cob meal (chops).
Experiments (conducted by Professor
Gully) with steers fed hay and 5.07
pounds of chops, and 5.50 pounds raw
seed, gained more in the same length
of time than did similar steers fed hay
and 13.02 pounds of chops. In this
case 5.50 pounds of cotton seed proved
more than equal to 7.52 pounds of
(oly for such steers. It is important
to note that these fast gains are se-
cured from rations that in the south-
west cost less than a ration composed
of hay and corn. Therefore the pres-
ent presumption that 33 1-3 pounds of
seed is equal to about 28 pounds of
-orn appears entirely safe and conser
native. The demonstration of this fact
has forced a recognition of the value
of cotton seed and It is now worth
commercially one-half as much per
bushel as corn.
Comparing the amount of available
seed in the State for feeding purposes
with the number of cattle to be fed
a winter ration, annually (allowing 20,-
000,000 bushels of seed for planting
seven million acres of cotton, estimat-
ing the number of cattle upon winter
and partial winter rations at 3,000,000
head, which is more than half of the
5,200,000 head of cattle in Texas), we
see that 23 bushels of seed are pro-
duced for every animal thus estimated
upon, or a sufficient amount of seed to
feed 2,000,000 head of 750-pound steers
a full seed ration (12.5 pounds per
day) for ninety days, when in combi-
nation with ordinary hay. It is a fact
worthy of note that feeding value of
the seed is not largely diminished by
cooking the meat and extracting the
oil when sent to the oil mills.
THE FOUR D'S.
Charles Svurgeon once said that
there were three great enemies to man
-"dirt, debt and the devil." He might
have added one more d and Included
dyspepsia. The evil results of this
disease could hardly be exaggerated.
It's effects are felt in the mind and
body, and are as far reaching as the
effects of the curse that was laid ot
the .Iacdaw of Rheims which was
cursed in "eating and drinking and
sleeping, in standing and sitting and
1 ing." The good effects of Dr.
I'erce's Golden Medical Discovery
are most marked in aggravated and
chronic cases of dyspepsia. It enables
stomach glands to secrete the neces-
eary quantity of digestive fluids, and
this at once removes that craving or
gnawing sensation so common to cer-
tain forms of indigestion. It tones and
regulates the stomach, invigorates the
torpid liver and gives the blood mak-
ing glands keen assimilative power.
"Golden Medical Discovery" cures
ninety-eight per cent. of those who use
it. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are
srperlor to all other laxative medicines
when the bowels are obstructed.
Brown Bread.-Mix and sift one cup
each of corn meal, rye meal and gra-
ham flour with three-quarters of a lev-
el tablespoon of soda and one level tea-
spoonful of salt. Add three-quarters
cup of molasses and one pint of sour
milk. Beat well and turn into but-
tered one-pound baking powder boxes.
Steam two and a half hours. Have the
THIE FLORIDAAGRICULTURIS T.
water boiling at first and always re- women as Wel 1O1s mO
plenish with boiling water. Are Made Miserable by
Rolls.-Pour one cup of scalded milk
over two level tablespoons of butter Kidney Trouble.
and one level teaspoon of salt. When
lukewarm add one-half cake yeast Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, dis-
milied with two tabllepoont of warm oourag and lmcna ambition: beauty. vigor
aand cheerfulness soon
water. Add one cup flour, beat well a nd cheerfulnhess soon
and let rise. When light add flour to neys are out of order
knead. Knead, let rise, shape, let rise or diseased.
and bake. Kidney trouble has
.become so prevalent
Entire Wheat Bread.-Pour two cups thttsnot uncommon
of scalded milk over three tablespoons for a child to be born
of molasaci and one-half tablcapoon of afflicted with weak kid
salt. When lukewarm add one-half neys t fth Child u
ales too often, if the
cake yeast mixed with four tablespoons urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
warm water, one cup flour, and enough reaches an age when it should be able to
entire wheat flour to knead. Knea control the passage, it is yet afflicted with
entire wheat flour to knead. Knead i bed-wetting, depend upon it. the cause of
well, let rise, cut down, shape into the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
loaves, rise again and bake. step should be towards the treatment of
Sandwiches.-For chicken filling chop these important organs. This unpleasant
trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
and pound to a paste one cup of chick- kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
en, moisten with rice stock, add two most people suppose.
level tablespoons of chopped pimen- Women as well as men are made mis-
level tablespoons o chopped pimen- erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
tos and salt and pepper to taste. and both need the same great remedy.
For cheese filling cream one-quarter The mild and the immediate effect of
pound of butter, add one-half cup of Swamp-Rot is soon realized.gt is sold
grated cheese, one-half teaspoon each cent andru ne dollarIn
cent and one dollar me
of salt, mustard, paprika and anchovy sizes. You may have a
essence. Add one-quarter cup of fine- sample bottle by mail
ly chopped olives and one teaspoon free, also pamphlet tell- m of wamp-a
ing all about it, including many of the
vinegar. thousands of testimonial letters received
For sardine filling free one box of from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Klner
sardines from skin and bone; wash and & Co., Binghamton, N. Y., be sure and
add three hard boiled eggs finely ni per.
chopped. Season with salt, pepper, = SEND MONEY
cayenne and lemon juice; add olive oil NO UlNu I
to moisten. a send to us a e your
Veal Loaf--Chop three pounds of jgj u r inheh around
veal and one-half pound of salt pork, w in end
add four eggs, six crackers pounded y *ou 1by expr m eC.
fine, one level teaspoon of salt, one- ni.ar.k..e
half level tablespoon of pepper, two onis your nears
e prers fie tly
tablespoons of lemon juice; four table-
spoons of cream, and a few drops of
onion juice. Turn into a pan, brush
with white of egg slightly beaten and
bake in a slow oven for two hours.
Baste with pork fat. -New England
X.CUTrED IN ........
THr LATEST DESIGNS OF
r n Prrtonirg - -
Lor cemetery and awn enciosurt
All work guaranteed. Prices reason .e.
Correspond with,:: :: ::
GCEO R. NICHOLS A CO.
605 Harrison Stret t.
WE STILL HAVE A FEW
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifolial:
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Alsm
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous James Grape. A fev
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet uu
sold. Prices low. Freight is pale
The International Publishing Com-
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago.
have just published a new and inter-
esting life of D. L. Moody. Also.
"War in Africa," and many other ele-
gant and useful books. The best terms
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Kis
simmee, State agent for Florida.
If found prfectly
Sbatfaet ory, ex-
e as OF mm&
and UN My
VA1tt yW ev9
aw, loor heard
elaborately emnbroidere with -lte k*jod lthe wac
'FI. Oa 160 m.
This Circular Plush Cape a m ki
hroughot with grass without
breaking themroered smawith feeders of roots
be grasllsrated. Trw i becomed llarondithick and
fine SIlO Thibet War, heavily interined with wadding
andfber chamos. Wi dis ear. S fr
That wic kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
ld, oat andl 8endtonEw lt S a dAL FBi~fzj
weeds will disappear. Send for
will return your money.
T F E CLIPP TA UELL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
TRUSSES. 650.t 1- 5. AND UP
We ar.e seliat the Mw7 T messe ma.e
at FAreTRal 1si thacn onetchird
the nce ha ~ by otilra, and W1
Setter you wlea our ge Preae sraw or our .I5 i,
rq~ 5ti.ee-.lbh Mastie Tr-., illosirated above, cut this
Pd. odt and wend to uwi.1h Bsh -UM.L Pratusame,
state your Swigbt, Weight. Age, how iong you have been
ropturtd, whether rupsure Is large oT emall; also state
number in-hes ground the body o line with the
rupture, say whether rupture Is on right or left side,
aind we will send either uruse to you with the under-
standing if it I. wet a perfect At --d 14-l I I,-.m 1hat
retail at three tisme esor prkeeyoUcanreturn ita&d we
Will return your money.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE "'e" he-
of traoswa, including the New 10e.0e Iea nT -a
tim cartasu&NM Iay 5 ..ha kw a. -H Z.r $2.7
Aldd. SEARS, ROISUCK &0O. CIIAW
1i_- .. . !lP--S -- U-
Nutmeg Growing in its Natirve ome.
The native home of the nutmeg tree
is the East India Islands and the
Dutch Island of Banda may be said to
be its especial habit. The Dutch
West Indies produce 87 per cent. of the
world's crop-and the whole of the
West Indies only 6 per cent Here is
how the work is done in Banda:
"Whilst nature produces 100 male
nutmeg trees against 100 to 200 female
trees, it Is a fact only the females
yield fruit. On the whole the latter
tear fruit when ten years old, but
their produce at that age is still small.
SIn the years immediately following,
the produce increases rapidly, gradu-
ally again more slowly, until the
highest point of production is reached
between the 20th and 25th year, con-
tinuing undiminished during 23 years.
Only then, about its 60th year a de-
crease may be noticed. Many trees,
Lowever, reach a much greater age,
some of them are said to complete a
century. The nutmeg trees bear blos-
soms and fruit without intermission,
in every stage of ripeness, and so the
nuts may be gathered all the year
riund. The greatest abundance how-
ever, falls during the months of July
The nutmeg Itself Is the kernel of
the fruit, which is pearshaped, of the
color of a peach and consists of four
parts; the outer fleshy part, then the
membranous substances, covering the
shell of the nutmeg and known to com-
merce as mace, then the shell, and fin-
ally the kernel or actual nutmeg.
The greatest care Is required in gath-
ering and handling the fruit. Twenty-
four hours after the opening of the
fruit, a sure sign of its ripeness, the
rut will drop to the ground, thus in-
juring the mace network, and deterior-
ating its proper quality, as its lying
on the soil makes it apt to become
wormy. On the other hand the closed
fruit may be still unripe, and knocking
these down would be highly injudi-
cious. Work commences at 5 o'clock in
the morning at the ringing of the bell,
when men, women, boys and girls
over 16 years, go out into the woods,
armed with gaai-gaal, a long stick
with a prong at the end to break off
the ripe fruit and basket to carry the
collected nuts. The wood is the all
in all to the laborers. It is his place
for work and recreation. It is his
club and even the spot where the
young man seeks his future wife when
the overseer is out of the way, notice
of whose approach is kindly given by
the friends of the young couples imita-
ting the call of the nut-pigeon as a
danger signal. Apart from the roman-
tic side of these proceedings, the prac-
tical advantage becomes evident when
we know that love-making contributes
greatly towards the rapid filling of the
basket, the boys helping all the pret-
ty girls most assiduously, in order to
secure for them the premium awarded
for extra diligence, (a practice which
has followed up the rottan used in the
days of Monopoly.)
While the owner may thus be prof-
iting by the romantic dispositions of
Ids young staff, it is quite on the cards
tl:at his overseers are not over anxious
to intrude where the voice of the
manock faloer is heard. The only draw-
back of this arrangement is that the
boys do not regard the boundary of
the estates too scrupulously, thus fill-
ing with the produce of one estate the
baskets of the other. We cannot vouch
for the veracity of the statement, but
it is asserted, says Mr. v. d. Linden,
that an estate-owner who one year
happens to engage an unusually at-
tractive female staff, thus saw himself
unexpectedly rewarded with a super-
abundant crop, whilst on the neigh-
boring estates many complaints were
heard about the scarcity of fruit. Work
in the woods finishes at three in the
afternoon, when the collected fruit is
delivered at the pagger where the
warehouse, drying house and other out
houses are located. On entering, all
the pickers, males as well as females,
squat down in the opne gallery to sep-
arate the ripe fruit from the unripe
(kerangs) and portion them out in lit-
tle heaps. After the inspecting and
sorting of the fruit, the nuts are tak-
en to the drying shed i(rookkombuis),
where a low fire is constantly kept
smouldering. Here the nuts are spread
out and dried on a second flooding of
split bamboo (para-para) constructed
at not less than 12 feet above the fire
on the floor After about six weeks,
during which time the nuts are re-
peatedly turned over, they may be
considered dry, which is heard when
they begin to rattle.
In the drying sheds the nuts should
not be overheated, merely to accelerate
the process of drying them, as they
are very rich in oil (35 per cent.)
which would ooze out. The tempera-
ture in the drying sheds varies as a
iule between 35 degrees and 40 de-
grees, C. (95 degrees to 104 degrees
Fah.,) care being taken to avoid fluc-
tuation, a precaution which explains
why the walls of the drying sheds
should be so thick. A temperature
above 45 degrees C. is considered in-
jurious by Dr. Janse, the eminent
scholar who was sent out in 1897 by
the Dutch Government to institute a
special inquiry into the growth of nut-
niegs and its requirements.
The smoke which formerly was
looked upon as necessary, is not es-
sential;- the smouldering fire being
preferred because It assures the best,
i e., a slow process of drying. A
change in the venerable old proceeding
was repeatedly urged. Meanwhile,
Dr. Janse remarks that the use of ma-
chinery is not free from objections,
the nutmeg being an article which is
valued according to Its "face" value,
necessitating the greatest care for the
preservation of its outward appear-
ance. When dried too quickly the nut
cracks, when exposed to an excessive
temperature it shows spots in conse-
quence of the oil finding its way out.
When the nuts have been sorted they
are limed, which is not done to rob
the nut of its productive power as peo-
ple think in the days of monopoly, in
order to prevent the cultivation else-
where, but only to safeguard the nut
against getting worm-eaten, or in case
a worm should have gotten in already,
to fill up its hole and kill it.
There are two systems of liming,
the wet and dry. In the dry process
the nuts are treated with dry lime-
powder either by rubbing them be-
tween the hands, or shaking them in
a barrel. In the wet process the nuts
atre thrown into the newly slaked lime
upon which they are spread over the
foor to dry. Dr. Janse mentions hav-
ing seen on his visit to Banda that
small basketfuls of nuts were dipped
into the slaked lime and the nuts
heaped into little piles. In order to in-
sure the best appearance for the mace,
a careful treatment is equally required.
It loses, of. course, when dried the
I1right purple hue which it possessed
in its natural state, but the orange
color should be as vivid as possible.
In contrast with the nut, mace con-
tains only 7 to 9 per cent. of etherial
oil, but it holds an abundance (23 per
cent.) of aromatic balm. Immediately
when the mace is loosened from the
nut, the fresh substance is spread out
during the night on matting or flat
wicker-work. When the weather is
fine it is cured in the sun in a few
says. During the process of drying it
is trodden flat in order to facilitate
the packing and avoid its breaking
when in a perfectly dry state. The
only work on the estates now remain-
ing is the parking and forwarding.-
Tropical Agriculturist, Colombo, Cey-
A Washington physician declares the
vrluler of left-handed persons are on
Slie increase. The only reliable statis-
t is on t he subject known to the Wash-
ington doctor are to the effect that in
America up to twenty-five years ago,
only two per cent. of the people were
left-handed. This statement has been
allowed to run along without question
but the Washington observer thinks
that it is now far from correct. His
cztimate is six per cent. In the manual
training school in Washington that per
cent. of the boys are left handed, and
a like proportion is found among the
girls in a sewing school. Left-handed
erembers of baseball teams are so
many that they attract attention, and
left-handed users of the billiard cue
are on the increase, an expert in that
line reports. "It is curious," the doc-
tor concludes, "that left-handedness
rarely occurs among the colored race,
nid a Chinese laundryman tells me
tlat the Chinese are not allowed to be
To build barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. You save the cost
of it in one day's use. For unreeling
wire without carrying the spool and
stretching, and for reeling wire quick-
ly and easily. One man does the work
of four by the old method. It will last
a life-time. It stretches wire beyond
the last post and pushes the post
against brace. Adjustable to any po-
sition. Weight only 30 pounds. Send
Don't sit down and wait for good
luck to come your way unless you are
ambitious to die in poverty.
IDEA'FNESS CANNOT BE CURED
lBy local applications as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure deafness,
and that is by constitutional remedies.
I )efne.ss is caused by an inflamed con-
dition of the mucus lining of the Eus-
tachian Tube. When this tube is in-
litaned you have a rumbling sound ot
imperfect hearing, and when it is eL.
tirely closed, deafness is the result,
and unless the inflammation can le
taken out and this tube restored to its
normal condition, hearing will be de-
stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten
aire caused by catarrh, which is notn-
ing but an inflamed condition of the
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for any case of deafness (caused by
TIE SI1K ARE
And the Week are Restored to Ful ViTme
mnd strength at the Hands of the Great-
eat Healer of Modern Times.
S Have you any pain or ae or weakn
AMTO Dose your blood show that it contains im-
S i7k pour'tet Are.younero~s Doyoulsok
k map and act lTt of indnd bodn Ax
1B1 easily Ured? noe yal ou
am n Is teren
unnatural drain upon the
sstemr Is every or nper.
tonn other Wraydus:
mr a spea one to
o m anto
r a cure as sormple os
the adding of a column oft e l n
The Lding r u een the di
re" SL t.... ce..o eha n meor 'esar
thatof all other speciac..lacombindl Hnscnrall
,orts of disposed bondions have been themarvelof
the medical profesion andthe people generally. His
ame ha spread to every ton and every hamle
Thoes alicted withU manner otdieeahavesug
Service in ordera they mit be made Wnoj
by the..dm. of his wo thae roeayrsterest.em
nslttion and medicine who a few is t later
t and dg aceo of lurw c oefrSue
hve retired t oe a hitoNg
orAll disease Dt. Haathawarte bmartela n f
2a:en hs spread In ey tow an eve haoe .s
Vorn ok tleerad troat melt oe ad Sri oe
1a)s Wanind Slo hsanew book e whdhem I be
ntbortg or lossf time toa bs Dness Th tsr
th atleam. e nthic cures wtietl out an
hm are reargPed oU m te Imosetand betrmlt I
pagesl a11141e andhiteir ha nobk l be
wy aurm sea patreaeon as tof a onW
Speelatly pnec IatomnSd S
D r H ar. aw a oa Do rm
as io otreaihere a arce
ortlate Is pand wohen ahi
Dr. Hata cter Abrcnr mush
o Bransm oStrft, Sa vtanc, G
MfTIOlfe THIS ea PAPEllc W WI'oTg
Anyone sending a sketch and desmeptlon mar
quickly uncertain onr opinion free whether a
invention Is probably ptetable. Commuonic
ions strictly Confdental. handbook oat Pantm
sent free. Oldest ency for securing atenntt.
Patents taken through unn & Co. ceive
pectia ottics, without charge, in the
Abandoomely llistrated weekly. Iareest ir-
culation of any scientie Journal Terms. a
year; four months, Sold by all newdealers.
MUNN & Co.a36sBr New Yrk
Branch Ofice. in P Pt. 'Vahlnrato.
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 4 page.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice 'kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's bands for poultry. 1 dos., 20 ots; 25 for it
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, lts: f 5 t: 1 r 1.
free F..T. CHENEY & CO., MARK STOCK With '""
Toledo, 0. nm Ear Tags -
Sold by druggists, 75B. Always bright. Can't come out
HaSold b y d giss 7re the JACKSON STOCK MARKER CO.,
Hall's Family Pills are the best. Samples sent free St. Louis. Mo,
2Wr TH'EFMRT~DA AGRICULTU~llr
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2e
rLKAW L DWATWXNT.
Address all communications to the
editor, W. 0. Steele, 8witserland, Fla
When we made up the matter of our
last Cactus number, which was pub-
lished December 6th, we intended to
take up the subject again very soon.
But a variety of circumstances have
prevented, up to the present time.
The unusually long cold winter has
been very destructive on all the more
tender varieties of Cactl. We have
given some account of this in our edi-
torial on effects of cold published
April 11. Desiring to make a bed for
various hardy specie; last fall, we de-
termined to secure good drainage and
partially imitate their natural condi-
tions so far as possible.
We made a raised bed by hauling a
lot of brick, rubbish and broken bricks,
spreading on the soil, then covering
with soil, then another layer of broken
bricks, and thus alternating until the
bed was nearly three feet high. The
other dimensions are not important,
and may be varied according to con-
On this bed we set out several varie-
ties of Cacti, all supposed to be hardy
here. Of the whole lot we lost only
three plants, two of one kind of Opun-
tia received from a friend in Texas
and which we supposed to be a native
there, but evidently it was not, for
though the winters in Texas are usual-
ly much colder than ours, yet both
those plants frose out entirely. The
other, an Opuntia received from Ore-
gon, but said to be a native of Idaho,
was also killed; the last instance is
On this raised bed a variety of Mam-
millarlas, Bchinocacti, Echinopsis etc.,
from Texas and other colder States
are doing well, and several are budded
for bloom. Such a bed might be made
for more tender varieties and 'housed
through the winter by building a
frame around it, banking on all sides
with earth, and covering with cloth,
to which might be added some extra
protection on cold nights by covering
the cloth with pine straw, wire grass
or grain sacks.
Some time ago we gave a descrip-
tion of this plant. But finding the fol-
lowing in Park's Floral Magazine,
written by one of our own contribu-
tors, we give it, as it includes two in-
teresting points worth reading:
"This plant is often known as Lem.
on cactus and Baradoes Go eberry.
It is of climbing habit, with true
leaves, much like Lemon leaves, but
more fleshy, and with short spines at
the bas of each leaf. It bear In the
greatest profusoan the most exquisite
single white lowers of overpowering
fragrance. These are followed by
edible fruits of pleasant acid flavor,
about the sise of a gooseberry. Its
native home is probably the Island of
"I want to call the attention of the
Cactus lovers to this plant is a graft-
ing stock. I have grafted the Bpl.
phyllum or Crab-claw into it with per-
fect success. Probably other kinds of
Cactus would do equally as well. I
take a cutting of Pereskia about
twelve or fourteen inches long and as
thick as my finger. Inserted in sand
it will soon show signs of growth.
Tsima I cut a slIt i theLi to a-a "st
a small branch of the Crab-claw. my
two or three joints, having just skin-
ned the lower part so as to bring a
raw surface in contact with the stock.
Fasten firmly with a soft string, which
may be removed after the graft gets
well started to growing. The Crab-
claw will grow rapidly, being pushed
by the stout roots of the Pereskia,
which in this climate is a very rapid
grower. The side shoots of the stock
should be nipped off, so the whole
strength of the plant will go into the
graft. In one year it will make a
handsome plant, and it is well held up
by the stout stock, showing off the
bloom to advantage. After the first
year the Crab-claw should be kept
thinned out, or the plant will grow top
"Encircling the grounds of a fine
hotel here is a hedge of living green,
c imposed of Cherokee Rose Interspers-
ed with Pereskia. In the blooming
season of either plant the hedge is
beautiful. The Pereskia like other
members of the Cactus family has a
short season of bloom. In the early
(days of October the flowers all open
at once. In two or three days they
are gone, leaving only the memory of
their beauty and fragrance. This
plant is of easy culture, requiring plen,
ty of heat and sunshine. Its formid-
able thorns make it a good hedge
plant in the far South."
Mrs. G. W. Avery.
An Amateur's Experience With Cacti.
The following from The Mayflower,
contains a lesson for an who grow
Cacti. If given plenty of root room
and watered regularly and carefully,
tended as other house plants need be,
they will grow beautifully, but will
Lot bloom. A lot of wholesome neglect
is a necessity in successful cactus cul-
ture. As few of our readers have
cellars in which to store their Cacti
for winter, they will be obliged to
make the best of their conditions. A
room with a northern exposure, out of
the sun Is the best place for them. Do-
tot water, unless necessary to keep
earth from becoming dust dry. Even
this would not seriously Injure any
but the very smallest and tenderest
varieties, such as the various Rhip-
sails, Epiphyllums, etc. The room
should not be warmed except when
needed to keep out severe freezing:
"So many people have asked me how
I got my Cacti to bloom so profusely
and infallibly, and as I do not remem-
ber having seen so simple (and within
reach of all amateur growers of
plants) directions in print, I will tell
you of the treatment I stumbled up-
on by the merest accent.
"For years I had what Is common-
ly called the Sword Cactus, a Night-
blooming Cereus, a Lobster Cactus,
and a variety whose true name I do
not know. It was sent me as ascarlet
Night-blooming Cereus, but has no
claim to the name, I am sure, beyond
the fact that it usually opens toward
night, and also the blossom some-
what resembles the Cereus in shape,
though of a vivId sealet, a8 ma r in-
ing open for days. In all these years
I never got a fower, although they
were always given a window with a
good exposure, and my tenderest care
the year round. Finally I became in-
terested in a new group of plants, no-
tably among them the Gloxinia, a
flower of which my husband is very
fond, and he advised me, as I was
lacking in window room, to 'throw
tei srtaigiAg thfir Ii tA tiheii br-
rel and give their room to their bet-
ters.' I do not part with old friends
ro easily, but consented to try and win-
ter them in the cellar, he devoutly hop-
ing they would 'die, as he declared he
had 'sacked those things round long
enough for nothing.'
"Toward spring I went down in the
cellar on a tour of investigation among
ILy plants, and lo! every Cactus of the
lot was budded most generously. 1
brought them up, one at a time, those
most advanced first, gave them water
and light and they were soon in full
bloom. Since that time I have consid-
ered that my percentage of reward,
for labor invested, has been greater
with my Cacti than with almost any
"With the exception of Lobster Cac-
tus, they occupy no room In the house,
except cellar-room, an object not to be
despised in my small city tenement.
I keep them rather dark until well in-
to the spring, and draw them out into
a little more light and water sparing-
ly; in this way the buds do not ap-
pear as early as the first year, and I
am able to keep them in the cellar un-
tiL they can be placed directly out of
dcors. I set the tubs where it is shady
most of the day, give them plenty of
water, and in an incredibly short time,
although the leaves may have looked
ei runken and shriveled when brought
up, they will acquire all their usual
plumpness, and rejoice my heart by
full bloom. Not a stray one here
and there, but anywhere from ten to
thirty. They make vigorous growth
all through the summer, and as soon
as there is danger of frosts are re-
turned to their winter quarters. Al-
low me to say right here that my hus-
band no longer objects to 'sacking
them around.' They are his joy and
pride as they are mine, and his grief
is only second to my own when we
brought up our Cereus too early one
year and it fell a victim to a late frost.
"I would say in conclusion that my
cellar is just an ordinary frost-proof
cellar, without furnace or other means
of artificial heat."
The following from the Boston
Globe, is a very interesting account of
a very desirable variety of cactus:
"Echinocereus candicans (the rain-
tow cactus)-In general appearance,
end particularly in the regularity and
beauty of their spines, the plants
grouped under the head of echinocer-
eus are somewhat suggestive of the
mamillarias, another branch of the
great cactus family. The stems are
mostly cylindrical, of moderate hight,
much dwarfer than the majority of
cereuses, and approaching to a
semi-globose form; they are marked
by longitudinal ridges, either straight
cr spiral, and these bear the fascicles
o, spines, sometimes in two series
differently colored. The flowers differ
very much in size, color and beauty;
some do not exceed an inch in diam-
eter, and others are fully five inches
across; some are green or a dull yel-
low, while others are or the brlightest
yellow, rose or purple. In a horticul-
tural point of view they are very inter-
esting, for several of the most orna.
mental and free flowering species are
hardy in dry positions, and they all
succeed in a cool frame or the house,
being therefore especially suitable for
amateurs who have no convenience
for growing tropical cacti. Another
important and valuable quality is the
leIngt or time te a eweoi last, is
which respect they are quite different
from the majority of their allies. Some
wil expand every day for a week, and,
'r a few exceptional cases, the flowers
continue opening at intervals from 12
to 14 days. They also display a great
partiality for sunlight, and generally
open about mid-day or early in the
afternoon, closing before dusk. The
fruits of most of the species are edible
and pleasantly flavored with a peculiar
gooseberry-like acidity, which is char-
acteristic of the family; and, further,
some of them assume rich tints in ri-
pening that are very ornamental.
"Their culture is very simple. About
one-third coarse sand to two-thirdQ
loam is very satisfactory. A layer of
pure sand around the roots is always
helpful. When growing fast, and af-
ter being well established, liberal wa-
tering will not hurt. Keep dry and
give full sun in winter. Such is a brief
account of wonderful cactus family
of the echinocereus species, which
brings us to the magnificent variety,
probably never exhibited publicly in
Boston, called Echinecereus candicans
,(rainbow cactus) which was first in-
troduced from Arizona, where it was
found in desert surroundings. Under
cultivation it has become a highly-
prized and much-desired plant Last
year Mr. W. Watson, assistant curator
of the Royal botanic gardens at Kew,
England, purchased nearly all the
Floral.... .............. .... ..
stock for sale in this country, and it
was also sought by the Luxembourg
garden in Paris and by Belgian florists.
Imagine a plant, bearing 13 blooms, all
open at one time, each measuring 4 to
5 inches in diameter, and of the bright-
cst colors conceivable, the outer circle
being a deep border of richest magenta
shading to white, and then again to
bright green. The stamens are orange,
contrasting charmingly with the em-
erald green pistils. The plant itself is
a network of delicate spines, ranging
in color from creamy white to deep
red. Rings of bright red, pink and
white, often encircle it in curious sym-
metry, rendering it an ornament
whether in bloom or not. It is one of
the easiest management, delighting,
however, in the hottest sunlight and
gravelly solL If planted in red gravel
the spines will become almost blood
To Pack Frocks Without Crushing.
Very many well meaning people en-
tirely destroy both skirts and bodices
by the way they pack them. To keep
a skirt from creasing, fold to fit the
tray, laying sheets of thin paper be-
tween each fold, and when you dou-.
ble the skirt together double the front
over the back, never vice versa. Bod-
ices and blouses should have tissue pa-
per laid in over them, and a thin sheet
inserted under lace or in the sleeves.
Then put your skirts one on top of the
other in the tray.
The Woman's Club of Jacksonville,
will edit the issue of the 28th inst. of
the Jacksonville Evening Metropolis,
the proceeds to go to public schools
of the city.
Do not plant old seeds, they are not
near so liable to germinate as new.
1UillA A UCULUIST.
Entered at the postoffice at )eLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
INublshed every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of PFlrid Ad the ttrt in.
crestss of her people.
TIE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year. single subscription ..........$ 2.00
:ix month, .i6 4 :RZaesnp44n --.....-. 1:80
Single copy.................... ........... .
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the.
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps arc enclosed,
All ctmmuni nations for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must lie added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.
We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jackeonville, drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 25, 1900.
Sorghum for Southern Forage.
There are comparatively few plants
that will flourish under such widely
different conditions of soil and climate
as sorghum. The tendency to vary,
which enables it to adapt itself so
readily to different conditions of en-
vironment, has produced an almost
endless number of varieties, differing
chiefly in habit of growth, character
of the seed, degree of sweetness, and
length of season required in which to
reach maturity, Sorghum is supposed
to have come originally from equator-
ial'Africa. At the present time some
of its many varieties and forms are
cultivated more or less extensively in
all the warmer regions of the earth.
In some countries, notably parts of
Asia and Africa, it is one of the prin-
cipal sources of food supply for both
man and beast.
Since its introduction into this coun-
try, some forty years ago, the cultiva-
tion of sorghum has spread very rapid-
ly. At first it was grown almost entire-
13 for the manufacture of sugar and
molasses, but Its value as a forage
crop was soon recognized by farmers,
and for the past fifteen years or more
it has been extensively grown for that
Varieties.-Although there have been
so many varieties of sorghum intro-
duced into cultivation, not more than
ten or twelve of these are in general
use at the present time. Those which
give the best returns in sugar and mo-
lasses are not always the best to grow
for forage. For the latter purpose
they should be hardy, rapid growing,
not too coarse, quick maturing, well
seeded :ili soft seed free from
Astringency, and they should stand up
well. While a high sugar content is
desirable, that quality is not so neces-
.lsry as are the others named.
Early or late varieties may be used,
according to the time at which the
forage will be most needed. As a gen-
cral rule, the earlier varieties are the
best for forage purposes. Seed may
c< planted at various timec during (11
spring, and thus almost any desired
succession of forage obtained.
The Amber canes, especially the ear-
ber sorts, are the most widely used
tor forage purposes. They have a
high sugar content, and come nearest
to combining all the other qualities of
a gpn ral pprpos9 cane. Next to these
in value and extent of cultivatioil
come the Orange varieties, especially
those known as Early Orange :un
Kansas Orange. These are extensively
grown in the South and Sou'twest,
and are preferred by some to the Amn-
ber canes. The Orange canes are ge'l-
erally coarser growing and later than
the Almber. and hence are less desir-
able for early food or for hay, although
as good or even better, perhaps, for
late soiling or for the silo. Other va-
rieties used more or less extensively
tor forage purposes are Folger's Early,
Coleman, and Gooseneck. The first is
said to be an excellent variety to use
for summer pasturage.
Conditions of Growth.-Sorghum,
like corn, does best on rich sandy
loams. It is a stronger feeder than
corn, and gives better results on thin
lands. It is maintained that when
land has become too poor and thin to
raise corn, or small grain, two or three
good crops of sorghum may be ob-
tained from it, and the land will be
left in better condition for corn, cotton,
&.nd other surface-feeding crops. It is
generally regarded as harder on land
than corn, and it is undoubtedly true
to a great extent, since it is a deeper
feeder and two or more crops are of-
tcn harvested in a single season. Still,
there are many instances of sorghum
being grown on the same field for
many years without any apparent les-
sening of the quantity or quality of
ihe crop from the impoverishing of the
It'n and there are many soils that are
undoubtedly benefited by the deep-
growing roots of the plant. When
planted late, sown with cowpeas or
field peas, and cut before the seed
ripen, the land is left in excellent con-
dition, especially if it is plowed soon
after the crop is taken off. Sorghum,
like corn and other related plants,
draws a large proportion of its food
elements from the atmosphere. The
principaiy material taken from the
soil are potash, phosphoric acid, and
nitrogen. Comparatively little of the
last substance is used.
A native of the tropics, sorghum nat-
urally reaches its best development
where high temperatures prevail. It is
a standard crop in many places in the
South where corn is grown in limited
quantities. Both the saccharine and
the nonsaccharine varieties of sorghum
endure drought much better than corn,
and hence are extensively grown in
many of the drier regions of the coun-
try. In parts of the South find WQust
where severe droughts sometimes oc-
cur, sorghum is regarded as a sure
crop, though corn and other grain for-
in fertility. Well rotted barnyard ma-
iurolt I I porullt the beat fertilirole
should any be needed. The commer-
cial sorts containing potash, phosphor-
ic acid and nitrogen may also be used,
though as a rule but little of the last
substance will be necessary. It is a
common practice to use 150 to 200
pounds of cotton seed meal per acre
or land to be sown to this crop.
- The best time for planting inis crop
ot forage is about the middle of April.
As a rule, the best forage is obtained
l.y sowing the seed broadcast or with
a press drill, such as is used in plant-
ing small grain. In the West and
southwest the latter method is to be
preferred, as the cane stands up bet-
ter and is not so likely to suffer from
drought. On some soils better results
are obtained by dropping or drilling
the seed in rows far enough apart to
allow an occasional stirring with cul-
Many farmers mix corn, millet and
various kinds of peas or beans with
the sorghum, and in this way secure a
better quality of forage. The sowing
of legumes with sorghum is an excel-
lent practice. The large amount of
muscle-making substance in the le-
gumes, together with the sugar and
other rat-forming elements in th6 C9ae,
affords a much more evenly balanced
ration than either of the plants would
make alone. Moreover, the legumes
will do much to replace whatever ni-
trogen the sorghum may take from
Sorghum should always be sown
much thicker when grown for forage
than when it is used in the manufac-
ture of sugar or molasses. The amount
of seed needed per acre will vary
somewhat according to the kind of
forage desired, the method of planting
to be followed, and the character of
the soil. Under ordinary conditions
11/ to 2 bushels (45 t9 Q n pounds) will
be sufficient when sown broadcast,
and somewhat less amount will suffice
when planted with the press drill. If
the cane is intended for a summer
pasture, a little more seed may be
used. If peas etc., are sown with
sorghum, 3 pecks to 1 bushel each will
be ample. When planted in hills or
drills for cultivation with hoe and
plow, the seed should also be planted
more thickly than when grown for the
manufacture of sugar or molasses.
otherwise the cane is likely to be too
large to be easily handled, and stock
will not ent it up clean. In many
places in the South one seedling is suf-
ficient for several years, as the cane
sprouts up each season from the old
Cultivation.-If the cane has been
sown broadcast or put in with a press
drill and ground is clean, very little
cultivation is necessary. One of the
advantages in using the press drill is
flat gflg nold will be In better condition
for cultivation with the harrow should
weeds become troul;'-some or the
ground packed or l;:ked. In such
age crops may fail to reach maturity, cases the sorghum may be given a
11 will remain fresh and green through light harrowing as soon as it becomes
a dry spell that would ruin corn. Even well established.
when drought has been so severe as to When the sorghum: is planted in
check its growth it will recover imme- hills or drilled in rows, it should be
As soon as the crop has been harvest-
ed thu hield should be stirred with plow
or harrow, and in this way the cane
can be kept growing until frost stops
Much of the sorghum grown for for-
age is cut and fed green as a soiling
crop. In moist climates there is of-
ten some difficulty in getting the cane
properly cured. *The stalks dry slow-
1y and dii- li w. t o ca-ome sour and
blackened if stored in large quantities.
L der such circumstances sorghum
whihll wau gown thickly may be g~t
with a mower or sythe and allowed to
lie several days, when it may be put
up into good sized cocks and left until
thoroughly cured. It may then be
stacked in sheds or stored in the barn.
I nat planted in rows may be cut with
the corn harvester and put in small
shocks or leaned up against poies sup-
ported on forked posts. It may be fed
directly from the field or, when thor-
oughly dry, sAtcked or housed as de-
When stacked outside it should be
topped with rye or coarse grass. The
practice of preserving sorghum in the
"stack silo" is becoming more general
When used for soiling the cutting of
o0rgnum may begin an seW as the
"heads" are well formed, or even be-
fore if necessary, but it is at its best
from the time of coming into bloom
until the seed is about half ripe. Con-
bidering the quality of the forage and
the ease with which it may be hand-
e ., as well as the quantity, the best
time to cut this crop for either green
or dry forage is when ft Is in bloom,
or very soon afterwards. When more
tLan one crop 18 to be harvested, it la
the usual practice to cut the first about
the time the "heads" are well formed,
but it may sometimes be necessary to
cut sooner in order to give the second
growth an opportunity to make suffi-
Value of Forage.-Stockmen are un-
animous in placing a high value upon
sorghum for soiling purposes. It is
not only an excellent forage for grow-
ing animals and those which are being
prepared for market, but is one of the
best feds that can be used during the
summer and.early autumn for dairy
cattle, on account of the large flow of
excellent milk which it induces.
Sorghum forage compares very fa-
vorably with fodder, and while some-
what below corn in the muscle-making
elements, it is richer in the fat-form-
ing ones, and hence it is an excellent
food for preparing animals for the
There is considerable prejudice In
some sections against second growth
sorghum on account of its reputed in-
juriousness to stock. Most of the
trouble seems to have arisen from
carelessness in turning hungry animals
into the fields and allowing them to
gorge themselves. StoCkmen agree
that the same difficulty is met with in
feeding clover or any other succulent
forage, and may happen with either
first or second or any other growth.-
U. S. Department of Agriculture.
Wheat. cattle, horses, mules and all
farm products are on the rise.
miately on the renewal of the supply given about the same cultivation as
of moisture. cornu. As a rule, however, the harrow
Methods of Culture.-When sor- may be used more and the plow and
ghum is grown for forage and in ordi- hoe less than with that crop. It is not
nary farm rotations there is seldom necessary to thin out the cane when
need of much of an application of for- growing it for forage. Six or seven
tilizer. Many soils have been known small stalks in a hil are of more value
to produce successive crops for eight lor this purpose than three or four
or ten years without apparent decrease large ones.
Eameades for Gaps
Among the suggested remedies for
gapes by investigators is a hen's feath-
cr stripped of its barbs ncar Lthg p#iAt
introduced into the trachea and rotated
like a brush, to detach the worms, says
Farm and Fireside. The practice is
not approved, however, as in the first
place the worms are too firmly at-
tached to be removed by the friction
of the barbs of a feather. Should they
be detached, however, they would only
be pushed to the root of the trachea.
where, forming a ball, they would aug-
ment the obstruction in the tube, and
thus bring about more promptly the
death of the bird. Some, on the con-
trary, believe in the efficiency of this
method, and that this efficiency may be
increased by impregnating the feather
with a germicide substance. Spirits of
turpentine has also given excellent re
suits, but unless great care is exercised
with this method the chicks may be se-
riously injured. One of the most ra-
tional methods of treatment has been
pointed out by one who did not stop
with the method abovy mentioned,
but who obtained much success with
the following means combined: Re-
moval from the affected places (or
places where birds which had been af-
fected were kept), and complete re-
placement of the conditions by new
ones in which hemp-seed and new grass
figure prominently; finally for drink an
infusion of rue (ruta) and garlic in-
stead of ordinary water. It has been
said that the eggs ejected from the
birds in a coughing fit hatch in the wa-
ter, and that the embryo may live in
this medium for many months. The
birds are infected by drinking the wa-
ter containing these embryos. It is al-
ways beneficial and indispensable to
disinfect the soil of the inclosures after
the removal of the birds. One of the
best means of destroying the eggs and
embryos which exist in the soil of the
contaminated inclosures consists in
sprinkling it with water containing in
solution a sufficiently large quantity of
salicylic or sulphuric acid, one gram
(I5/a grains) to a liter of water (about
one quart), for example. Great care
should also be taken to isolate the sick
chicks on the first appearance of the
symptoms of the disease, and to keep
them closely confined until complet-
and well-confirmed recovery occurs.
The cadavers of the dead birds must
be burned or deeply buried to prevent
a re-infection. Air-slaked lime freely
uced on the goil is a preventive of
A giant star fish was recently cap-
tured and placed on exhibition in an
aquarium in San Francisco. The
t.,orning after the capture it was found
tl:at one of the rays of the star was
separated from its body. It was
thought that a Dig lanli crab, which
occupied the same tank, must be guilty
ef assault and battery, and it was ac-
ecrdingly taken out. Next morning
however, two more of the star's rays
had been separated from its body, and
t;ien a watch was set. It was found
that the star fish, apparently dissatis-
fied with its surroundings, was delib-
ci ately dismembering Itself. This pro-
cogs was continued until all the six
arms had been cast off, and there was
nothing left of the original star fish
but its central body.
In one of the historical volidefi of
John F. Magginness is recounted a
inost remarkable coincidence. On the OIT al P I ~b R
very day that the Declaration of Ind;c-.' T PROFIT AND PLEASURE
pendence was promulgated and old
L.iliur"y till ppoolninuld tllu Joyful
news in Philadelphia a little band of
Scotch-Irish settlers, without any
1 knowledge, of course, of what was oc-
curring elsewhere, assembled at a cer-
lain pace on the banks of Iine creek,
about 14 miles above where now
stands the city of Williamsport, and
t'cclared themselves free from the yoke
of British rule.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
I %MAICA SORHEL plants by mail 1.c per
dozen. I1 Lcr hundred. Better than cran-
herries. Transplnnt, May or Ji ne. G. W.
WEBSTER, Lake Helen, Fla.
FOR SALE-A few thousand Carney Parwn
Broin Orange. Marsh Seedless and Wal-
ters Grape Fruit Bye Buds. #5 per thou-
sand. E L CARNEY, Lake Weir. Fla. 2
FOK SA-LE-Se'ectcd Feed velvet b. ans at $1
prr single bushe. Reduction on larger
amounts on cars at Candler W. H. De
LONG. Candler. Fla.
[AM IICA IIIIBRI. plants, by mail pastpaid
for 25c per dozen. Good sized plants ready
now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburnmlale. Flor-
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAFE S'URS'1RIES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting 2 varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. IT. Mann. Manville, Fla.
FOR SALB-A few trios of Bnuf Plymouth
t4luio, a s evxo roum two rardk no) re.
ated. Mrs. I. H. HASKINS. Mannville. Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
est prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, Incubators, windmills, or
Anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
American Trades Agency,
Jacksonvtlle, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly: our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hulling is but l1c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.--. O. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND. FLA. 6tf.
THE SID B. SLIGII CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce: Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
FOR SALE-1tMO CgRBI. ]EIght aEro Of
high pine land near DeLand Junction: 3
acres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address. T. M. H., Care Agricul-
turist, DeLand, Fla. *ty
WANTED-A good man with small family to
work on fruit farm, either for share or on
A. M. RICHEY.
Tarpon Springs, Pla. 11-17
rii I'.S LTVH STOCK REMEDY n* prove
ed mo-t efficient in preventing ard curing
Ilog and Chicken Cholera and kindred di.-
eases. It is alo a fine condition powder
'tales are increasing. If your dealer don't
keep it we will mail it ro vou on receipt of
rice. 2.c per 1% in. Liberal discount to deal-
ers. ISAAC MORGAN. Agent, Kissimmee,
AlSi fruit trees a n d
aga plants, both tropi-
cal and hardy; use-
0 ful plants, as Cam-
Sphor, Coffee. Sisal.
for house or lawn,
as Palms. Bam-
boos. Grasses. Con-
So ifers. Flower i n g
8.0It shrubs, vines creep-
ers -in fact "Ev erythlng for house,
orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele-
gant tfalogue fr1000o, free.
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HImHEST qUALITY. LO WEST PRICoB
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon I Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums.
Japan Per-ihimons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Flgs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
unimental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propngting establishment In the Lower South.
largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-
THE GRIFFIN BROS. CO., '^""iAK
City Office and Grounds, 114 Main bt.
Farmers' Attention 1
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting $os"pwt" n 1% Columbia Bicycles
CHA IHTER OAK STOVES,
CARH HiA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PURPS
WIITE FOR PRICFS.
GEO. H. FEIZNALD, Sanford, Florida.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
.. FROM .
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND r"" EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEOROIA.
Thence via Ship. saili.,, irom Savannah, Pour Ships ocah w-ek to New York nd Two
to Boston. All ticket age t. and hotels are supplied wi'h monthly sailing schedules. Write
lor gpi ral information. -;tilng schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
E. I. iINTON, Trame ,igr.. WALTER HAWKINS, GeO. Alt.,
savannah, Ga 224 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville. Pla
DO KFEP BEES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Itwill Vite est and ri'!f TeaPu, I h-kw it
wi i. It' Tree. rite today-, he honey sea-
son's coming J. Ir.Jenkfts Wetimipk
0 SylvanLakc. Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."
Me THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Addre al -9wrB,-Ltia s to Homuseold
Depssta-t AgridtDriU DL-A F.
A HELPFUn .OORIB.
A Few Spring Dishe.
The first warm days are apt to find
is With Jauea appetites, very tired of
the substantial cold weather fare, and
as eager for a taste of watercress,
rhubarb or greens as the cows and
sheep are for the first bite of grass in
the spring lot, says Country Gentle-
man. Town markets supply anything
and everything at all times of year,
but the country housekeeper must eui-
gel her own brains to offer dishes at
once delicate, nutritious and appetiz-
ing. This is the time for light soups,
and the fHi*WIBg Will no round exeIel.
Chicken and Clam Boullion.-Mix
equal parts of chicken stock, free from
fat, and clam broth; season with salt
and cayenne pepper, and serve in cups
with a spoonful of whipped cream In
Tomato Bisque.-One quart can of
tomatoes, one cupful of water, one tea-
spoonful of salt, the same of sugar,
and a little pepper. Put these over the
tire and when they boll, add twO ta-
blespoonfuls of flour and one of but,
ter, rubbed together, and boll 15 min-
utes. Strain through a sieve and serve
with toasted bread.
Cream of Barley Soup.-Wash three
tablespoons of barley, and cook for
three hours in a quart of boiling water.
Press through a sieve, and add a pint
of milk, with salt and pepper to taste.
Beat the yolks of two eggs and stir
in carefully; cook for three minutes
, without boiling and serve immediate-
ly. Rice may be used instead of bar-
ley, and the soup Is much richer by
the addition of little veal or other
Tomatoes.-The acid of tomatoes is
especially acceptable at' this season,
and they are among the very best of
canned vegetables, whether put up at
home or in factories. They may be
stewed and served on buttered toast,
scalloped with an equal quantity of
bread crumbs and a liberal allowance
of butter and seasoning, or if large
and solid, serve raw as a salad, with
shredded cabbage and a simple
Salads.-The first dandelions make
atr excellent salad, and those who have
tried them in this way usually prefer
them so, rather than boiled; salt, pep-
per and vinegar, with or without oil,
is a sufficient dressing. A pretty
spring salad is composed of cottage
cheese and mayonnaise dressing, ar-
ranced in the form of poached eggs
and laid on a bed of watercresses.
The watercress, by the way, grows in
many swamps and streams whose
owners have never recognized it. It
keeps green under the ice all winter,
reaches its perfection in April, and is
well worthy of a little encouragement.
Speaking of condiments, horse-radish
and "made" mustard, in equal parts,
iF one of the latest and most agreeable
Mint Jldy-Ia another novelty, suit-
able to company cold Tamb or veal.
Wash a handful of mint and steep in a
cupful of boiling water. Soak a ta-
bleepoonful or granulated gelatine in
half a cupful of water for ten minutes;
add the juice of a levaon and two ta-
blespoonfuls of sugar. Strain over this
the water from the mint, stir until dis-
solved, pour into a mold and set in a
ccol place to harden.
Sardlnes.-StUl another pretty new
idea is to serve sardines molded in
very sour lemon jelly. They should
be thoroughly drained from oil, and
each laid on a little bed of chopped
parsley. Many country housewives
have parsley at this season, either in
their windows or in the cold frames.
Baked Bhubrubarli-Ti T Wfy naae
never tried baked rhubarb do not
know it at its best. The early stalks
should be cut in short lengths without
stripping; put them in an earthen dish,
with a pint of sugar, a cupful of water,
and a scant teaspoonful of ginger to
each quart, cover tightly and bake for
an hour. It should be beaten very
cold; if for dessert, serve with whip-
ped cream and some variety of sponge
cake. Here Is one than can be recom-
Sunshine Cake.-Whites of 11 eggs,
yolks of four, one and one-half tum-
blerfuls of sugar, one tumblerful of
flour, sifted five times; one teaspoon-
ful of lemon juice, one-half teaspoon-
ful of salt. Beat the yolks and sugar
together, and proceed as with angel
cake. Bake in an ungreased pan about
Half-bleached linens will wear much
better than the full-bleached ones;
they may be quickly bleached at home.
Before and during the bleaching pro-
cess the rich or faint cream tint of
such linen Is very pretty and the very
reverse of the objectionable, says the
Woman's Home Companion. All lin-
en has to undergo bleaching, and
where this is done by means of lime
or other hurtful substance (instead of
by the sun, as was the case before
"improved" methods came in vogue)
It is obvious that the lers linen is
bleached the less it has been impaired.
Hence, half-bleached linens are advis-
able. They come in the same quali-
ties, designs and prices as the full-
bleached. In summer they may be
quickly bleached by the sun if laid wet
upon the grass or hung up wet on a
line. In winter freezing will bleach
them. The better plan is to let them
bleach by the natural process of use
and ordinary washing, for each
shade taken on is pretty. Full un-
bleached goods are no longer put upon
The proper width for a tablecloth is
that which allows it to hang eighteen
inches from the sides of the table. But
as the average table has grown wider
in order to somewhat keep pace with
the exereme width now ordered by
fashion, and the standard width of lin-
en has remained at seventy-two inches,
it follows that few cloths depend
eighteen inches from the tablel'H 8~iI1.
Six inches will do; and twelve inches
seem to fulfill graceful requirements,
while eighteen Inches has come to
seem over-generous excepting in cloths
for company occasions. The width
of Scotch linens in qualities from $1
to $3 is seventy-two inches; in higher
priced goods of Scotch, Irish or French
makes, from seventy-two to ninety
inches. The fashion of round tables
has brought about the manufacture of
cloths of speelal widths ana shapes,
so that it is now possible to "fit" any
table made. Formerly pattern cloths
sold at a decided premium because of
being in a pattern, but now they are
r.o more expensive than the same qual-
ity by the yard.
The size of napkins is an important
consideration. Formerly yard-square
napkins for state occasions were used,
and, of course, were conulaerea most
elegant. These cumbrous impossibili-
ties are rarely seen now, a twenty-
seven inch napkins by common consent
having come into vogue as the proper
dinner size. It certainly is large
enough for all purposes, and yet small
enough to be comfortably managed.
Csnv ntlonal lrtakrNt. luncltlnn and
supper napkins are twenty-one inches
square; those for afternoon tea may
be as small as twelve inches square.
For the past year the observant have
noted that colored embroideries are
gradually making a graceful but none
the less positive exit from favor. This
i, owing partly to the difficulty in hav-
ing embroidery silk washed without
fading and partly to the growing
popularity of face for the table. The
fashion of erring luncheon and sup-
pers on polished tables with mats
brought on the reign of laces, and it
will remain indefinitely for its own
sake, it is to be hoped. Duchess re
mains the finest, most expensive and
effective of table laces, and nothing
could possibly be prettier. But B3lt-
tenberg lace now has a rival, already
so popular that it has relegated ilhe
old favorite to third place in favor. It
is Bohemian lace, as substantial :s it
is beautiful, closer in its patterns than
Battenberg, but quite as effective. In
price it is twice as expensive as Bat-
tenberg, but it will wear more than
twice as long.
Everyone has at one time or another
felt the need of some practical, simple
and effective lotion for chapped hands,
sunburn, tan, etc. This is especially
true of those whose occupation de-
mands a lightness and softness of
touch which cannot be given by the
hands not in the best condition. The
cleansing power of lemon juice has
long been known; it is frequently re-
comended for removing freckles, but
its more useful property of softening
and whitening the skin is not so well
known. Glycerine is most extensively
used for the skin, and its virtues are
exploited beyond measure, but as ordi-
narily used by the multitude it falls to
give entire satisfaction, which is due
to ignorance of its properties. Then,
again, most preparations said to be
glycerine this or that, really contain
so little glycerine as to be of small ef-
The most effective preparation can
be made at homo in a few moments
(in its simplest form), with the clear
juice of one lemon, say one ounce,
glycerine one ounce, water two ounces,
and violet extract or any favorite per-
fume to suit one's fancy. A teaspoon-
ful or lcon in to be ther9ughly rubbed
over the hands while still wet after
n ashing. The hands should then be
dabbed (not wiped) nearly but not en-
tirely dry. The first effect upon badly
chapped hands may be a slight smart-
ing. However, this passes away in a
moment, leaving a conforting sense of
coolness beyond belief until it is ex-
perienced. In cold weather particu-
larly, soap is very irritating to some
person's hands: one important effect
of the lemen-glyooprno preparation is
to neutralize the free alkali which is
unavoidably left upon the skin, and to
stop its further action.
With a little more care and expen-
diture of time, a most elegant cosmetic
jelly can be made from the same ma
trials. The yellow outer skin of the
lemon is to be carefully removed, and
after the juice has been well squeezed
C rOICE Vegetables
will always find a ready
market-but only that farmer
can raise them who has studied
the great secret how to ob-
tail both quality and quantity
by the judicious use of well-
balanced fertilizers. No fertil.
izer for Vegetables can produce
a large yield unless it contains
at least 8% Potash. Send for
our books, which furnish full
We send them
frme of charge
GERMAN KALI WORKS.
93 Nassau St., New York.
out, the thick white rind is cut into
small bits and stewed in a moderate
quantity of water until it is soft and
can be easily pulped. This pulp is to
be strained while hot through a thin
muslin bag (one of the table salt bags
is just the thing), using pressure to
get out all that is possible. The clear
juice is added before the pulp is cooled,
and also as much glycerine as juice.
The perfume should be added and
thoroughly incorporated when the mix-
ture has cooled, but before it begins to
"set" or jelly. This preparation is
quite clear if the straining has been
carefully done through fine muslin.
The perfume assists materially in pre-
serving either preparation. The jelly
should be put into a wide-mouthed bot-
tle or jar, as it cannot be extracted
front a narrow neck bottle. There Is a
very large proportion of mucilaginous
matter in the substance of the lemon
which seems to be a beneficial consti-
tuent in this latter preparation. Both
of these preparations keep well for a
long time, and being harmless may be
used freely by anyone.-American Ag-
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varieocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent, of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Ditseaon peculiar to wolene
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Case-s
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, readily yield to his treatmcn
Write him to-day fully, about your
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
TH101 LOVING GIRLSi.
Hattie-I'm invited to the Upperten
hall next week. but I really don't know
what to wear. What would you wear
if you had my complexion?
Ella-The thickest veil I could find.-
Sharpies Cream Separators-Profit-
I' I = -
Address al sou. uMietious to Poultry Do-
partient. Box Mo. DOL1 Fla.
Notu for April.
April is the universal setting month
for hens. Fanciers, breeders and far-
mers all select It for hatching chick
under hens. If the spring be warm
and pleasant, I'cus will become broody
Watch your hens with great care,
and be sure they mean business be-
fore you entrust them with valuable
eggs. Liberal feeding will induce
broodiness. Fat hens sit early and
thin ones late.
Set your hens in separate coops and
away from your layers. Prepare clean
nest boxes wedl erosened before in-
troducing the clean straw or excelsior
bedding, dust your hens well with
Lambert's "death to lice" before plac-
ing them on the eggs.
lie careful not to overfeed your male
birds if you want fertile eggs. Give
all breeding stock plenty of exercise
and green food.
Kerosene your roosts, upper and un-
der side, every week.
Give your young chicks plenty of
fresh air and exercise, and keep them
growing from the start. Keep your
layers busy, so that you may gather
ail the eggs possible; April and May
ale the best egg months of the year.-
The first signs of lice in spring are
with the early setting hens. From
their nests soon a whoie house will be
overrun with the pest. Chicks show
the presence of the lice very quickly,
and lice are certain death to them if
they are not protected. Have all nests
moveable and change the contents fre-
quently. With setting hens be sure to
have the neats clean and the box and
surroundings whitewashed before she
is placed therein. Whitewash and the
duat box are the surest prvveutive-
of lice. Put two or three coats of
~hitewash on eveiy interior spot il
the building, also in the crevices of
rough sidings and on the under side of
the perches. Let the fowl house have
a dust box. Mix hot ashes with the
dust occasionally to dry it. Do all this
early before spring laying or setting,
Kerosene and lard, when applied, is a
sure cure, but they are too often dan-
gerous in their effects. A little castor
oil on the head and under the wings
of the setting hen is very effective. Do
rot keep a broody hen in a little coop
without a dust wallow.-Exchange.
should never be placed where any of
the fowls can cause it to be filthy or
roost upon it. It should never be so
high as to compel effort to reach it,
as the large breeds will prefer to lay
on the ground rather than to reach a
high nest, even when a footway is
provided, to say nothing of the fact
that some of the hens learn to fly over
a fence by first learning to reach a
high nest. Never have the nest in a
barrel, or so constructed that the hen
must jump down to it, as broken eggs
will be the consequence, but rather so
place the entrance as to permit her to
walk in upon the eggs. The nest
should be placed in a dark position, or
so arranged that the interior will be
somewhat dark, which will be a partial
protection against egg eating. For a
I:ock of one dozen hens, four nests will
b" suflcient.-Prairie Farmer.
Lime to Prevent Gapes.
The best preventive for gapes is to
plow or spade the ground intended
for young chicks as soon as 'he frost
is gone, and then scatter air-slckiM
lime liberally over the surface. Gapes
generally come from the soil, andl as
lime destroys any eggs or other
sources of gape-worms, the chicks
will escape. Salt may also be added
in small quantities. Lime is cheap,
and it is better to use it on the ground
than to work trying to save the
chicks and lose a large number.
The ground should be limed as early
as possible. Lime is also a preven-
tive of roup. To get rid of filth is to
avoid disease in the flocks for when
disease appears the germs are retained
in the ground. For that reason every
ihcation occupied by poultry should be
occasionally spaded or plowed. When
performing such work, first scatter
air-slacked lime over the surface, and
turn under the top soil, following by
otherhr application of lime on the sur-
face. The lime causes-a chemical ac-
tion in the soil which quickly destroys
the filth by changing its composition.
The keeping of a large lot of hens
among which only a few lay while the
others do nothing, is one of the diffi-
culties due more to the poultryman
than to the fault of the hens. If tue
hens are fed with an abundance of
food somo of them, being greedy an
well as domineering, will secure more
SEED! SEED! ..
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special induce ents to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.
ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.
Address all orders and Inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
To nma e dote connee-
tloi s with tit amers leave
Jacksom.il e (Unlton de-
poti Thurbdays :20 a. m.,
iF. t. & P. i3 .)or Fernau-
dilna :0 np. iviia U m-
delphia & Lertand temner; meul
i *, ) (ltcr, or "'all rail" vi
Pi11. Sytbrn., at ;i:4p in
B eOStO r a.. (Bru bwek H : l:IIP. m
le, Ieirb on arrival S(
From Brunswick direct to In dinctly aboardlsean
New York. < er.
ROPOSED 8AILINGs for l rk. 1900.
NORTH BOUND--BRUNSWICK. GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. S. RIO GRANDE ....................... ...... ..Friday, March 9.
S. S. COLORAD-,. .............................. ...Friday, March 1i.
RIO GRANDE..... ......... .....................Friday, March 2=.
s. 4. COLORADO .......... .......................Friday, March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNS\ICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER It
'. R.. EVERY FRIDAY. 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamer-, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, ,ta. Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
II. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunsinck, Ga.,
C. 11. Mallorv & Co.. general AgenI. I'ier 2l E R. and 3 5 Broadray, i. Y
food than they should have and such
liens will fattlin very readily. Noiv, as
lat is detrimental to egg production,
such condition should be avoided if
the object is to secure eggs, but if
the hens are being fattened for mar-
tet they will be put in proper conli-
The Neats for Layers. tion. If the fock is a large one-say
Many claim that the nest should be e to 100-and only a few hens are lay-
on the ground, but all claims that hens ing, take the laying hens away from
should have their nests on the moist the others. By so doing the food of
ground are but theories, and unsup- the laying hens can be regulated and
ported by facts. What is required for thereby reduce or change the quantity
the hen in winter is a snug, warm lo- of food given the non-layers.-Ex-
cation, while in summer she should change.
have a cool place. The best material .
for a nest is dry earth on the bottom,
with chopped hay over the earth.
Then dust the nest, hens and eggs with
I'Prsian insect powder, put a small
quantity of tobacco refuse in the nest
and clean it out thoroughly should an
egg become broken or the nest foul.
The broken egg will cause lice quicker
than anything else. But first see that
the hen has no lice, then give her good
eggs and she will bring off a brood it
she has a warm and comfortable nest.
The nest should be made moveable, so
as to take outside for cleaning, and it
SM I lightens
helps the team. Saves wear and
M rADI BY
W STANDARD OIL 00.
SERGEANT DAVIS' COM- fieer, whose prud lines had not wholly A sudden light came to his face. "II Dil
faded in his greeting to her, but a face remember," he said slowly. -Yea? stord to Her Family.
RADE. that carried her back to the hills and Tell me. I am curious." I
It was an especially bad piece of fields of New England, gleaming that "It was over there," he pointed west- Atmr a Lang Inness and selprastis
Porto Rican road that lay just outside moment with snow and ice. She had ward, "near Las Marias, where we Prem Hler*FPaily Mrs. Wolan 1I
the little pueblo of Manjano, and Lieut. gained enough information concerning had a skirmish with the Spaniards. I etored to nealns tby
Wharton as his horse stumbled, turned military etiquette to know why the got changed into another company, and simpl. Remedy.
th th toth nt ri b non-commissioned officer had remained I fell in with a fellow that was a dif-
his side. The non-commissined off silent in the presence of his superior, feront sort from the rest. I took to When sickness crosses the threhold of
cer sidev. ewas staying ahead with a but nevertheless, it was his face that him from the first. Some way he nev- the home and fastens upon the mother of
look of wonderment in his eyes. The Interested her more. er got down to the little tricks of the the family it strikes at the very mainspring
interpreter, riding behind on a native The following morning Rita Bralmhall rest of us and-he never drank. He of the home life, and cripples the entire
pony, bobbed serenely along. In an- met the sergeant on her way to school. had a grand voice and I remember his household.
other moment the lieutenant, too, bent She hesitated a moment, then stepped singing the song you just hummed, The home of Mr. James Nolan2305 High.
forward in his saddle apparently lis- toward him with outstretched hand. ;id I guess there are a lot of fellows land Court, Niagara Falls, N.Y., was re-
tenin. "I do not require an introduction," in the company that will never forget gently invaded ,y this arch enemy to human
Clear and pure a soprano voice was she said. "Any American possesses the one Sunday night when he sang happiness, striking down the mother with
hyun. malaria fever, a lurking disease which in this
leading the weaker ones of children in attraction of a magnet for me." hymns." ease baffled the bet medical skill and ended
a familiar air: "Thank you, Miss Bramhall; my "He had the most perfect control of by breaking up the happy and comfortable
"on- may our land e bright. name is Davis." The voice of the ser- himself, too, in spite of a devilish tem- home, as it was no longer possible to keep
on may our land bright geant pleased the girl. It had a hearty per," he went on with admiring recol- house with the wife in I is condition.
P might ring that seemed sincere and trust- election. "I never saw him lose it but But i this insta all thin worked to.
re by K worthy. "It is a great pleasure to find once, and that was when one of the 'olaus' temporary removal from Niagara
Great God our King. you here," he continued. "But tell me, men got beastly drunk and went round Falls thnt she came across the means of her
"Where under the heavens Is that how do you stand it?" showing the fellows his wife's picture. i restoration to health, which eventually en-
coming from?" the lieutenant ejaculat- She had drawn her watch from her One of the boys called him 'deacon fabled her to again nite with her mil.
ed, striking his horse with his spur. elt and with a quick lance replaced once when he refused drinks. The of the grteul woman t herself.
Again the non-commissioned officer "I am due in 'escuela' now. If you name would have stuck to anybody "In August, 1898, I was stricken down
made no reply but lie, too, urged his will come around to the place of my else, but it didn't to him. Seemed as with malaral ever. The best doctor were
horse to a quicker gait. abode tonight I will tell you n if someway it was way down beneath called in attendance but they failed to help
Like many Porto Rican towns this That night she saw m coming up his notice, and the contemptuous way me and I lingere on ultil we were no long-
That night she saw him coming up he looked at the fellow.just shrivelled to go to my home folks out in Miehilal.
had one long street only, and half the narrow street followed by a crowded looked at the ellowjust shrvelled to my home fok out in Michi
way down its length the stars and of curious natives, and when he joined hm up "When I reached there I found that my
p were boating from a rde one- he upon the narrow balcony they soon And I remind you of him; he looked father had been very ill, suffering from heart
stripes were floating from a rude, one- her upon the narrow balcony they soon like me?" Miss Bramhall interrupted. trouble.
story building, whose tin roof and wea- were entered into one of the many Davis did not notice the question; he e same experience that I hadoct, they failed
ther-beaten walls glistened in the sun. long talks that occurred during the few vi di the hame texprience that I hadt, they failed
"There's a school In that shed," the days he was there. It was wonderful was deep in his narrative. to do him any good and becoming diaour-
seeant remarked. Reining their the strength of the bond formed by "When we fellows would get to talk- aed, he started to take Dr. Williams'
hsergeantre red enn the the es trength o the bod formed by ing about our homes and all that sort Pink Pills for Pale People and found that
horses before the open door they saw the knowledge that they were the only hg,
the figure of a tall young woman whose two Americans In the place. He spoke of thing, he'd sit and listen, but never he wa deriving wonderful benefit from their
face was turned from them. The of his first landing upon the island in a word did we ever hear from him "He had so much
song finished, the children were salut- the late summer of 188, and she led about his folks He came the nearest faith in them that he
the late summer of 1l98, and she led I p d to take
ing the flag draped upon one rough him on to speak of his part in the to what d like to be of any man I persuaded me to take
wall of the room. hereby orto Rico had become ever saw. He was aboltely fearless them, predicting that
"I pledge allegiance to my flag and w eeon She and always ready to do a fellow a tey wonld ure me. I
a a United States possession. She ban to take them and
the republic for which it stands, one tened breathless as be pointed south- good turn, though he never came down it was soon evident that
nation indivisible. with liberty and ward to where he had fired his rst to their level and- tell you, he loved father's prophecy would
l tand ward to where he had fired his first the old flag." be fulfilled.
in-t'ce for all." "We g've our heids shot in that afterward horribly muti- the old fla. simulflled ao
and our hearts to God and our coun- lated regiment. Alphonso XII, the Again Davis paused: his listener sat ish inghowrapidlyIaima.
try. one country, one language, one pride and pet of all the Spanish troops. in silence. "It was near the beginning proved. wasweak and
flag." "na patria, una Idloma. una "And they were fine looking fellows that he went down," he went on, more 1 pale and they made me
bandera." the teacher repeated, and the he said. "and all the blue bloods of slowly. "We didn't any of us realize, d strong and put healthy
equestrians listened, as with hand Spain." The tears glistened in her at least I didn't, what was before us color in my fhe. I in
raised for silence she spoke to the chil- eyes as he spoke of a comrade who till the firing commenced. Roberts to mont wghtand al
dre in iSpanish. "I want you to love had fallen and his last spoken words. was perfectly cool and turned to me to return to my home
the flag as I do; to live for it and-to Davis broke'the silence that followed. with a smile on his face when we first Home again~ and resume my house.
die for it.". Raising her flushed face "Tust think of up home now." They heard the bullets. Everything is mixed hold duties. I went away half dend and
and wet eyes from the flag she turned had discovered that they came from in my mind until I saw him fall. I a""e ha,.k hale and hearty, a different
from the school toward the door, start- adjoining States. "We wouldn't be was just behind him and he fell back- w) In altogethler, andto h wonderful chanPe
Ing with surprise at the unexpected sitting around out doors in February ward, and as I bent over him he said, for Pale People.
presence of the strangers. Parting the I wouldn't mind a sleighride tonight. Just as calmly as I ever heard him Mae. JAMES NOLAN.
little group of pupils that had clustered How would it strike you speak: 'Be sure and tell them, Davis, All the elements necessary to rive new
about a gaudily colored chart she "It is positively unfeelin of you to that when I was sure of myself, 1 life and richness to the blood and restore
"I I pstiel nfelngo yu shattered nerves are contained, in a con-
staned forward to greet them mention such a thing," she declared. should have gone back to them.' He denied form, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
Officer and men had removed their "Winter was always a great time for started then as if with pain and lost for Pale People. At druggissl or direct
hats. and their faces showed how the little chaps on the farm. I remember consciousness and-that's all. He was from Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Schenec-
act just witnessed had appealed to how little Stubby Morton and I used shot through the breast, and among tay. Y., 50 cents per box, or six boxes
them. The officer spoke, his admiring to get up and haul out our sleds for a the papers we found there was no for $2.o0.
eyes meeting those of the teacher. Alide on the crust before breakfast name or address-nothing; we never
"We have no excuse for the intrusion, and how when father would catch us knew anything more about the best ..i. r:s. c. You know how lie
You must pardon any seeming rude- he'd shout for us to come and feed the "an;n Co. B ever knew." could put hs soul Into his voce but
ness but It was such a surprise to see calves. There was one little Jersey Rita drew in her breath with a quick you do not know what a careful train-
you here. I was wholly unorelared beifer that was always upsetting the sob and her eyes were glistening with had received or what we hoped
to find an English teacher, an Amer- bucket of milk." tears. She did not notice that IDavis for him. Then in all the brightness of
an girl--" "Sergeant Davis." she said suddenly, was,apparently searching in his pock. hi career, one of the lightning strokes
She had recovered her composure "did you ever dig checkerberry leaves ets. "He loaned me this just before of fate fell upon him, and he became
and gave the lieutenant a frank smile, from under the snow?" The man lic tight ;ad I've always kept it. IIe possessed with an insane recklessness
"Mv name is Bramball." she said. "and laughed contentedly. The bond be- held out something that gleamed in the and-and went away from us with the
I am, as you have guessed, an English tween them was strengthening. "I moonlight. declaration that his life was hopelessly
teacher." And I am Liet. Wharton." have," he said. The girl took it indifferently. She had ruined. He went west-to the far
"I do not know. Lieut. Wharton. He struck a match upon the box in been deeply touched with the narra- far west-and we heard from others
whether you are aware of any celestial his hand and the flash lit up his face tive. Suddenly a tremor shook her en- of the life he was leading and at last
radiance emanating from your brow," as he applied it to the cigar. She tire frame; in the moonlight her face that he had ended it by sailing out
she said, her eyes sparkling; adding, watched his curiously. "How long seemed ghastly. "Tell me," she cried into the San Francisco bay in one of
before he could reply, "I've been here have ou been in the army?" she ques- out, "tell me his name." Her voice the worst gales that ever swept the
two months now and you cannot real- toned. "Three years next month. I sounded strangely; it was hoarse and shores of California. But I know now
Ize what a glimpse of an American get my discharge then." strained, that whatever else he may have been
means to me." "Surely you are not Another night they visited the high "Graham Roberts, but why?" Davis I never believed that he was a cow.
alone among these people?" he ques- walled cemetery, and returning walked had become infected by her excite- ard."
toned. slowly down the narrow path. The nmeut. She had buried her face in her The sergeant had listened with
"Yes, alone, but I have my friends, sun had just sunk behind a western hands and the gleam, of the silver bowed head. He was living over again
I see you have the States' point of mountain and the sky above was shone between her fingers. Ie seemed the brief weeks he had known Gra-
view yet Are you. but of course you painted with marvelous color yet so hours to Davis before she again lifted ham Roberts. "I cannot doubt now
are transients?" She turned to speak quickly did it fade that, before they her face. It bore the same expression when I see this knife, when you speak
a silencing word to the pupils. "I am had reached the house of Don Jose he had often seen upon that of his of our facial resemblance, that he died
here." he replied. "for the local elec- Hernandez, It was nearly dark. As fallen comrade and told of a mental as his father did-in '63, for his coun-
tion. The presence of military author- they seated themselves upon the nar- struggle for control, fought-and won. try's flag."
ity will be required for four days. Is row balcony, Miss Bramhall became "I gave my brother this knife four Davis spoke no word, but he caught
this the alcalde?" Following his eyes conscious of the Intensity of the gaze years ago on Christmas day." 'Her the railing of the balcony with his
she saw a man approaching with the the sergeant had fixed upon her and voice was hoarse with emotion. "For hand and grasped it so tightly that
characteristic mannerisms of a Porto stirred uneasily. He apologized quick-! three years we have supposed him the vein, in his strong wrist seemed
Rican. It was the mayor. Civilities ly. Idead-that he died by his own hand." hbu.P-sin through the brown skin.
exchanged through the interpreter, the "I beg your pardon, but ever since I She drew in her breath and again she "Yes." she said slowly. "I know it
officer bade the teacher a temporary first saw you I've been tormented with Itrembled, but she soon continued with 'was Graham-Graham Roberts Bram-
farewell and followed the alcalde. a desire to recall whom you make me the same calm strength Davis so well ball--- '-i' Go;d !Gd t I shouldd know at
As he passed on she met the eyes of think of, and I can't get the least cue." remembered in the soldier. "The cir- la't 'l: ,, vsvi-s himself -gain. and that
the sergeant, and something held them She laughed. "Perhans we've met in cumstances that led up to his separa- had e been spared hie would have
to his face, a brown, strong face. to some other world, who knows? 'In tion from his family I cannot now come back to us."
which the military garb seemed well the gloaming. 0 my darling,'" she i "ak of even to you-who saw him Sergeant Davis rose to his feet The
fitting. It was not like that of the of- hummed softly. die. His love of music was his strong- life of a soldier is not Sucb as to en-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 260
courage a display of emotion. Again
the snatches of weird song came from
the peon cabin. At last he spoke: "I
remember his saying once that a man
having once reallsed that every occur-
rence in real life is a part of a per-
fectly ordered universal plan, he be-
lieved every man who failed to credit
it, a fool. I shall always find pleasure
in thinking, Miss Brambal, that
strange as our meeting may seem, It
was not a chance contact, a mere hap-
pening, but a part of that plan in
wlhichl your brother had such perfect.
faith." He paused and her eyes were
raised to his. "I never can be sulliei-
ently thankful for having met the sis-
ter of the man I so greatly admired.
or for the privilege of telling her of the
influence he exerted throughout the en-
He left her then, but In the years
that were to come boet realized that
neither would forget that night. When
the voluble lieutenant returned and
carried away with him all traces of
military authority, he was greatly sur-
prised to chance to witness a parting
between Sergeant Davis and the En-
glish teacher at Monjano. Miss Bram-
hall handed the soldier a silver hand-
led knife and in a low voice whose In-
tensity the lieutenant failed to under-
stand said: "You keep It, for his sake
Broom Corn Cuture.
Florldlans are gradually becoming
interested In broom corn culture. The
recent advance In the price of broom
straw has tempted some of our people
to experiment on a small scale. If
their experiments are satisfactory It Is
likely they will greatly increase their
plantings another season.
In connection with the development
of this industry we hope to see the
broom-making Induntry also grow into
The amount of money that can be
realized from the straw manufactured
into brooms Is of course much greater
than can be realized from the crude
products. The expense of manufacture
is not not great, the machinery is sim-
ple and inexpensive, and every farmer
who grows broom corn can have a
"factory" for making brooms in his
Tfbh loowlings aricite by an illinois
grower may prove of interest to those
of our farmers who contemplate en-
gaging in the business. The article re-
fers to the culture of the corn in a
different latitude, and due allowances
must be made for this difference by
those who have their fields in Florida.
Mr. Joseph Coombe says:
As a general proposition I would say
any ground that will successfully grow
Indian corn will also produce broom
In the first place choose a field hav-
ing as near the same quality of soil
as possible so as to obtain conformity
of ripening. Don't think anything is
good enough for broom corn, and pick
out the foulest, wettest and thinnest
plcet of land ou hbars, and expect to
raise a fine crop of broom corn on it.
Give it at least as good a chance as
the rest of your crop. Oat or wheat
stubble makes good ground for broom
corn. Corn land will do if stalks are
raked and burned so they will not in-
terfere in planting or cultivating. On
black soil free from weed seed, It
would be an advantage to plow the
ground during early winter, or as soon
in the spring as the ground is dry
enough to work well. Many plant
broom corn too early. Being of the
sorghum family, It will not grow in
colm ground. Many nave thought, for
lack of shed room, they would plant at
different intervals so as to use same
shed for both cuttings. Invariably
when the first planting was too early
the second or latter planting matured
as soon or sooner than the first plant-
ing. Broom corn requires a warm air
temperature to grow well, and soil
temperature of 65 to 70 degrees Fah-
renhit. At a dapth of Inh would
Iustify planting as a general propor-
tion. In this latitude broom corn
should not be planted sooner than
May 16th, and may be planted as late
Ms June soa. Let te preparation or
seed beds be thorough; many are sin-
ners in this respect. If there is any
doubt as to the proper preparation of
the field go over it again. Before
planting, disk thoroughly, harrow,
drag, and if necessary roll, until the
field is thoroughly pulverized at least
4 Inches deep. If you have thoroughly
tested your seed, you are now ready
to plant. An ordinary corn planter
with broom corn attachment is what
Many fail to secure the proper stand,
which, in a measure, is to be deter-
mined by the nature and quality of the
soil. Too thin a stand will produce
long, coarse brush when shorter brush
is wanted. If the stand Is too thick
the brush will be too short and fine
when the trade demands something
longer. Kou will see It is quite Im-
portant to cater to the demands of the
trade. Sixty to eighty plants to the rod
will generally give the best results.
The cultivation of broom corn
should be much the same as for Indian
corn. Like sorghum, the plant is del-
icate and of slow growth in its in-
fancy. As it can only be plowed one
way, care must be taken to keep the
ground as level as possible. I know
of nothing better for first cultivation
than a good sharp tooth A harrow. If
ground is free from trash and in fine
;ilth, a large double harrow may ge
used after having used the roller. For
a general purpose cultivator I know of
nothing better than what is known as
Eagle Claws. Iet the first plowing be
as close to the plant as possible. In
anything but a very wet year surface
cultivation is best, but broom corn will
admit of deeper cultivation without in-
jury than corn. as the roots penetrate
the soil deeper. Broom corn can never
be replanted to advantage. I mean
by that vacant spaces can never be ad-
vantageously filled in, as the different
olantlng nirlll riuna nnrrnlyR. and
while you are waiting for the small
plant to get large enough to plow the
weeds will injure the rest. Three
good plowings, one harrowing and one
rolling ought to he inflcient for ordi-
nary ground and "dinary seasons.
One bushel of -''el will plant from
eighteen to twenty acres.
Begin to cut when the bloom begins
to fall. before the seed begins to ripen.
ThV hblgth 2f P!m betw-o" omtttw
and threshing must depend upon the
condition of the weather. Some. It
economize space, allow It to remain in
lie field a day or two after it is cut.
This is somewhat risky, as a rain upon
.s after being partially cured damages
it greatly. The safer plan and the one
generally observed is to haul in late in
the afternoon that cut during the day
and thresh the next morning while the
dew is on the standing corn.
Should there be indications of rain
do not wait until the following day.
Many make the mistake of shelving
too thickly and cause what is known
as shed burned corn. In fair weather
open up all doors and get a good draft
through your sheds. The length of
time l wtoe it Mll fr o to aile will do-
pend on the condition of the atmos-
phere. When the pith in the stem is
dry, and the stock will break readily,
It will do to bale, which is done on a
baler constructed especially for that
!urnose. Bales usually weigh from
275 to 350 pounds. One year with an-
other in Central Illinois three acres
may be depended upon to produce one
ton of brush, the price of which de-
pends upon the demands of the trade,
and, possibly, local conditions.
As this letter indicates, the purpose
ia to rive aome rencral information to
those who have not yet entered the
list of broom corn growers.
France is preparing her new postage
stamp, which is to be a memorial of
the Exhibition. It will show the re-
public, a seated figure, holding a tab-
let, on which is written, "Droits de
l hoillmie." 0n a cartlauehe lwreathed
with laurels will be inscribed the value
of the stamp, and the legend, "Re-
pullilut l IrlnonlBso-u will uo Plna Un-
PEN AND 80B1O8W,
Few rich men work harder than Jno.
I). Rockefeller, the Standard Oil Croe-
sus, and certainly no other New York
Liillionaire is personally so little in evi-
dence as he. Nearly every day he puts
in a lengthy period in his office In low-
er Broadway, and even the days he is
absent are usually passed In business
pursuits elsewhere. There is therefore
coior of truth in the report that he re-
cently sighed for a man to look after
his interests, offering to pay ai annual
salary of $1,000,M00 for such service.-
In 1.05 three Irishmen agreed to on-
dertake a journey around the earth
on foot for a jackpot of $150,000. Each
one of the party deposited one-third of
this sum in the Bank of Dublin, and it
wvas agreed that whoever survived the
trip and returned should ifceive the
whole amount. In case all died a
Dublin hospital was to become the
Icnotlic:ary. On December 24th, 1895,
they started- east across Europe and
Asia Miuor to Egypt, where they took
-assage ror Australia. Their wander-
ings through the inner wastes Of Aus-
tralia proved the hardest trials of the
Journey, and the severity of this trip
resulted in the death of two of the
travelers. 'The third, Capt. frevelyan,
comnp'ted the voyage and won the
uio,-ey.-N. Y. Press.
In opening a chest of tea recently a
Portland, (Me.) merchant discovered a
CI1n9ess 9s911. He ftr It to a CHinesieb
laundryman and asked him what it
was. The Chinaman said it was a
penny, worth what we would call half
cent. but that in China it represent-
ed half a hay's wages. The merchant,
to whom it was valuable only as a
curiosity, set out to try and get the
coin back to the Chinaman who had
pcok*d ] th to11 blt invoatigation
showed that it would have to pass
through so many hands that the
chances of its rightful owner ever
coming into possession of it again were
indeed very slim and so gave up the
Spanish traditions still reign in sev-
eral of the s:o;tliern provinces of Italy.
There .ie many little towns in the
Ntapol:t::n district, for instance, where
the wt,:n.; i the upper and middle
clsses cannot go out on foot by them-
selves, no matter what their age may
be. Failing a male escort-husband,
t;1-rutltr ur frhl-:n tlltIJr arte follow l
by a duenna! These Castillian customs
aire dying out; but even the great cen-
ters of the South, where the habits and
manners of modern life seem well es
tablislied, they have left their traces.
and where even a small modicum of
liberty for women is still in dispute,
how is the public mind to be persuad-
ed to consider seriously a social trans-
formation having for its object tile
equality of the sexes? The young
aOlinll fir Itnolat ronstduer herself ill
ready fairly well oft when she remem-
Iers that her mother dared not walk
alone in the streets of Naples. Enjoy-
.ng her new independence, she never
things of aspiring to the dignity of a
vote, and her dreams are not troubled
by any desire to see herself clad In the
cap and gown of Portia.-Contempo-
Do not confine a hog to a corn diet
lanoc, hii. it wits puBmpnlBa, squanona
and other green foods.
The profit in grow.I1 oranges
depends almost entirely upon the
quantity anl quality of the fruit.
It is the sim.ooth skinned, free
from rust and scli', heavy, juicy
fruit that commands the best price
and produces a profit on invest-
The latest foreign information
on this subject can be had free by
JOmH A. MYEIR,
i-aY is" W1.. Mm FrO.
-- nI11s me -- -
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 18W, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any arden.
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when. where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $2, nor more than
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him for price list Wholesale and retail.
1.8 IYs A S3.560SUIT
m aJua.&UT wBU JT" .bM1i.
MaT Uas am, URUMLa U.SMI orT TWI-
.,.L una r A TW AT d l.a.
A NEW SET 11111H FlU ANY IW 1"31i SILTS
S, I rT J NSATIFAOT0T WIV
s C n ON Y, cut We a/sat
d tous, t=ee =i i andu whether
or small forage and we win end you
hesuitby eapr, C. O. D. subject to ex-
aminaon. Tn ta examine It at your
express oee and if found perfectly satis-
factoryand eualtoasmi M ie ar tew
8 l.5 y S ayourexpres agent our Spel a
M Prle 1. ad exprex charges.
t llttt ntllT SllT are for boys4to
-1 tl oslo& L i astmtem tftasAs-
.P aal hsa. it, .ra-li, aIl-2rl
Blamtes Calmie. neat, handsome pattern,
fne Itaian lining, giatwtGa yds latecrir, pIamdI
stak hmed relarel.g, saik md lIema elwr, eIMta ide
thmuelt, a salt any boy r parent would be proud .C
ro a FiK CLOTSH SAn. aI rf ys' Ctlthi fm r kbys 4 to
IS TyKA, wrlrr tr Sample Seek Ne. 6I1, contains fashion
plate tape measure and fullnstruetions how to order.
Me.' uIlts made to order fnoi &. up. sam.
ples sent free on application. Address.
EARS, ROEBUCK A CO. (Inc.), Chleae, IlL
eames, oeehak* C ame thieghlyrij nlhe.-et.)
ALWAYS KEEP ON HAND
There Is no kind of pain
ef, a88, IlWFrRfI oF amX-
'nal, that Pain-Killer will
) not relieve.
LOOK OUT FOR IMITATIONS AND SUB-
STITUTES. THE GENUINE BOTTLE
BEARS THE NAME.
PERRY DAVIS & SON.
ONLY TOOLS YOU NEED.
Sflt, orrgated or V" rimped-.
No ar tool han a hate O hare m N
m Wricepea m tquar 10ma u feet .
o h amer
M of general merchandise bought n u a
sheri 's and Rseaivet s Sale. -
w :' an a Iron rtae sBhliasa'
*ft1 MiuiiuIm1m ti
_ ~____~__ ___
270 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE sJOB.
IHe-"I can trace my ancestry back
through nine generations."
She-"What else can you do?"
Then he blinked and looked at her
as if he wondered where he was and
how far he had dropped.-Chicago
"I wrote her that we would consider
the incident closed."
"Bhe wrote me that she didn't pro-
pose to be dictated to in that way, so
I'm still getting letters from her."-
Detroit Free Press.
"Henrietta," said Mr. Meekton, anx-
iously, "how did I do-"
"What do you mean? I am the one
who made the speech."
"Yes; but I applauded. I wanted
to know if I cheered in the right
SUITS AND DAMAGES.
Tailor-"I brought you this suit six
iuonths ago and you haven't paid me
Harduppe-"But it didn't suit ;. it
Tallor-"I'm afraid I shall have to
bring another suit for damages."-
"Shall I read the minutes of the
previous meeting?" asked the presi
dint of the -idies' organization.
"I objcti" i 1U thu muloiuer Wis ll in
always making trouble.
"For what season?"
"Because they were not minutes;
they were 1ong, weary hours."
"Sometimes," said Meandering Mike,
"I w:sh I had money."
sometimess," echoed Plodding
"Yes. Sometimes, but not often.
Dere's ni:lions of dollar tllis Issied
Ly de Government. What do we want
wit' anything so common?"--Wash-
A FITTING NAME.
"And what do you call that wheel
whiting around there?" inquired a
visitor in the machinery delpartenilt.
"South American Republic, sir," an-
swered the guide.
"That's odd. What do you call it
"Owing to the number of its revo-
t.ons, nir,n"-Utl0It wrou rrou .
"That is what I call a master
astoke!" he exclaimed.
"Oh, do read about rt!" said his
It's rather long. Look at it for
yourself. It's one of the cleverest
'.rokes of diplomacy--"
"Oh! diplomacy! I thought it was
something about golf."-Washington
NO LONGER A MYSTERY.
"I have discovered that Bunks is
"Then you know just what you can
rely on."-Chicago Record.
WHY HpL soLD.
nr.ashe-VAr I sold my automobile.
Then we can't
tell you any-
know how dark
and how you are about
ready to give up. Some-
how, you can't throw off
the terrible dcpresion.ll
Are things really so
blue? Isn't it yournerves,
after all? That's where
the trouble is. Your
nerves are being poisoned
from the impurities in
purifies the blood and
gives power and stability
to the nerves. It makes
health and strength, activ-
ity and cheerfulness.
This is what "Ayer's"
will do for you. It's the
oldest Sarsaparilla in the
land, the kind that was I
old before other Sarsa-
parillas were known,
This also accounts for
the saying, "One bottle
of Ayer's is worth three
bottles of the ordinary
) l.M b bottle. All 4ntrag .
Wo oe Ik Deto or.
I ton have any complaint whL at r
andl desire t best medical advice you
can possibl.eceive. write the doto
f;"ely Yon will receive a prompt re
ply. without ruit. Address.
d. J C. AfER. Lowell, MasS.
Had to because it brought an army of
tramps around the house.
Rasher-Brought tramps around the
house? What were they after?
Dasher-They admired the blanked
machine because it would not work.-
Landlady-IIow do you like your
New Boarder-Fresh, please.-Bos-
Uncle Bod-"Well, Johnny, are you
at the hlind of your class?"
Johnny-"No, but I can licl: the fe!-
low that is!"-Hartford Courant.
IMMUNITY COMES HIGH.
"What makes that new magazine
(ost so much?"
"I don't know; maybe they have to
pay people not to write war articles
for it."-Indianapolis Journal.
The Guest-"Isn't your little boy
rather nervous, Mrs. Brimm?"
Mrs Brimm-"No; I think not."
Little Boy.-"Yes, I am, Ma; when
peoplee who come here stay too long it
naLte1 me wriggle around and kick
THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
ear bound. IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900. o ead up
1 78 38 1 32 I I 1 37 21 139
.... 7. 1al.3Qal ".tplpl.v.. .... Port Tampa........ ....Arl 8.0Upl 9.40p| 7.6a .......
7....... 7 l113.5li 7.2 ilLv .. .. Tampa Bay Hotel........... Arl 8.401 S.1A 7.30 .......
.......I 7.5ll.;l .4upL.. ....... ...Tampa ...... .... ...Ar 7.0P 9..Ot 7, 9..
....... 0p .. .... Punta Gorda ..........Ar 1l.2p 11.p .......
.......: 5.30a| 5.30a] 6.40p|Lv ..... .....Bartow........ .... Ar 8.30p 8.30po 6.i .......
.......I .l.1uUas p 9.20piLv.. .. .. .. Lake land .......... Ar 6.20p 7.60p 6.ls .......
I....... 2.l 8p10.42p|Lv.... .. .. .. Kiss immee.. .. ... .... ... 6.24p 4.55a .......
--o....- .- Z ll.l lLv .. ..Orlando.. ........Ar ....5.p 4.2 .......
..... ...... 2.6 11.23Lv.. ...... W inter l'ark........ ..Ar...... .0p 4.13 .......
....... .......I 3.06pll2.1SaLv.. .... San ford.. .... ....Ar ....... 5a.1p 3.30 ......
.......|....... 4.45p 8.00aIAr.. .. .... eLand.. .. .. .... Lv ....... 3.20p ..........
....... ....... 3.20p ....... Lv.. .. .... DeLand.. .. .. .. .. .... 4.5p 8.0 .......
10.00al 4.40p1 5.56pl 2.45alLv.... ....Palatka.......... Ar ll.30a Z.06p 1.6. 6.36p
Iu.55ai 5.;0p 6.38p 4.34aILv . Ureen Cove Springs....... .ArIl0.: 1.p .l6..4p
1ll.Uai a.i35pi 6.42pl 3.m8aILv.... ....... .. .. .. Ar .36Ma l.lp 11.1Ua 5.0p
l2.!Up 6i.30p 4.30alAr ......... Jacks onvill.. ......Lv 9.40a Z.l30p U.20p 4.06p
7. a.. ..... Lv.... .... Port Tampa ...... Ar 8 ...................
7 ............Lv.... Tampa Bay Hotel..........Ar 7.40p .....................
... 7. a ....... ....... Lv.. .. .. Tam pa....... .. . Ar 7.30p ...... ....... .......
....... ....... .. ... ILv .......Punla Gorda.. ......Ar ll. p .....................
.3 *...:. 1 . ..,, .lJJ&&W,. : ... .Ar 9.p....... .......
...... ...... ...... Lakeland... ... ... .Ar p .............. .......
... .. 7. a ....... ... ... .. St. Petersburg.. . ..Ar 9.30p ............. .......
....... 7.o0al....... .... Lv.. .... ....Belleaire.. .. .. .. Ar 8.35p ....... ...... .......
....... 11.47a ........ ... ......l .v. .. .. Leeshburg..... ....Ar 3.43p .....................
i.OOa, l.2l5..p|...... 1.......l.v.. ..........Ocala ...........Ar 2.06p ............... 9.2
9.00a 3.45p............... Ar.. .. .. .. Gainesville.. .. .. .. ..Lv 12.0p.............. 7.0p
7.30al 2.ap I......... v........G vil... .. .... .. Ar 1.3p ..............
10.CUal 4.oUpi 5-.pi 2.45aLv .... ...... Palatka.... .......Arlll.30ai 3. 1.06a .30p
l2.1Upt 6.3jpl 7.30p 4.30plAr.. ........ acksonville.... .... Lv| 9.40a112.36p U.20p 4.00p
......I a....... .......ILv... ..St. Petersburg .. .... ..Ar10.3 p ....... .............
...... a ...........I.....iLv.. .. ... Belleair.. .. .. .. ..Ar 9. ....... ....... ...
.......110.ia ............ v .. ... .. .T .. rg.. Ar.. 4 p ... .. ....
;.1.-ii J .40P I................ lv. .. ... Ocal ...... ... .. Ar l I ...... .......
.1ti a,w ..A..P... i .nv.. .. lillc ;. vlli.p------ -..- 7-.0p
.Ja! 1.4pl.......... ... .... alnvivl>.-. ........A .uArl I.......
o. ai 4.3UpJ.............. Lv. .. .... Palar .. . . Aril. ....... ...... 6.3p
*<' ;.4 30p!....... ......Ar. . ..JacKsonville .... .. Lv a .... ...... 4.11a
'ituM JACKSONVILLE TO JISSUP. SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
iii 1 26 I 34 I 3! 3 I 3 1 36 I 14 I 7
Lv Jacksonville .............. I a.isal i.0al S.UOa l 8.0Oal .la p 1.35p 7.46pI 7.lpj T.4tp
Ar aycross................ I C.50al 9.3Ua 9.50a| 9.55a 1.0p 3.30p .3Upl S.4upZlU.lap
Ar Jessup...... ........... I 8.10al....... I0.lallO.56a 2.p 4.22p 10.1Uplpu.4ul p ll.4,
Ar Savannah.......... ........ ,.3ut ...... 12..10pll2.15p 4. p 5.4p 11.59p.......3 1.15a
Ar Charleston...... .. ......... .......1 ...... ....... I 4-39 ....... 10 p .. ...........I t.
IFROM CHIALESTON. SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
23 1 3 I 35 I 35 | 37 I 31 I 33 4 15 ;
Lv Charleston...... .. ........1.15pli...............: .l54aI .s al....... ....... .......I.
Lv Savannah.... .. ..... ... I .lal ....... 5.2Uaa i.40a 9.E5all.40al 3.25 l 5.00pl.......
Lv J.e -p ..- .... .... I 5.10al 6.40ai 7.35aill.OOa .24all.57pl 4.54pl 6.45pl.......
Lv wayoeuss.... ..........I |a.i l 5.Ld4l L.IaI1 a.Av IV,1lsi|lll.tU p I |l.Ui|l ap, ax
Ar Jacksonville .... ....... I 7.30al 8.lal 9.21a l.ft0a l.Wlpl 2.3.l1 7.40p1tlU.u.lu. .,
Jacksonviie,. T'holimsville and Mont- Waycross and Urunlswik.
gomery. Eastbound. Westbound
Northbouni Southbound b M S | I I 7 I 89
s I 1 I 23 I 27 !9.il 7.15a Lv. Waycross Arl 9.30a| 8.00p
7.45p ..0a LivJueksolnVlle Ar| 7.30aJ10.40p ld-3 pillo" l llAr Irunswlek Lv.l .atlhl .WP
10.15p 9.55ajAr .Waccross ..Lv 5.10al 8 401 Waycross and Albany.
12.15a l2.12pAr Valdosta 3.14a 6.45 Westbound Eastbound.
1.35aj .40plAr Thomasvillle lvi 2.0ua 5.301 -e|on
S.: 9.20plAr. Montg'ery .Lv| 7.45p 11.2,, 89I 87 I I 90 I 1
u.4opjlu.l1UaLv. Waycross .Arl 6.46aa 7.40p
!.45a1 2.IUpvAr Albany LvIl2.01a( 3.4p
Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Southern Railway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
irr ihsnti anll Miners Trnsiport tio n Conmany. At Jesup with Southern Rail
way. At luwlagumeri'y Willlt oulsville anti naasvillo Bllivad ja 81Bao a Ohlo
Railroad. At A.bany wsth Central of Georgia Railway.
PLANT STEA1MSIIP' LINEI- .tenmships Mascotte and Olivette.
Monl.. Thurs. and Sat..o.30p .... Lv.. Port TampaAr..11.00a Tues., Thurs. and Sun
I is., Fri. and Sun .... 3.00p....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
l ues., Fri. ;:nd Sun..... .00p ....Lv..Key \est.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Bat.
Wed.. Sat. and Mon.... 6.Ua.... Ar.. Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and 8at.
Informnlial.,i r.g;ll'ding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
mnay be S'-ullred upon application to
GEORGUi H. PARIKHILL, City Ticket Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
:. V', WIt(ENN, Passenger Traffic Manager, H. C. MQcFAODEN, Div. Pas Agt.
Savannah. Ga. Jacksonville, la.
'THE COMBATIVE SPIRIT.
Proper Little Boy (to New Boy)-
"Is your papa well-to-do?"'
NTqw Ry- (on the other side of the
dad, all right."-Chicago Tribune.
"Shailbolt, I don't like to be a tale-
hearer. but I heard Dingus say the
other day he had no use for you."
"'Well, that's true. I've quit lending
him money."-Chicago Tribune.
HAS MET THEM.
Johnny-"What is a bore, papa?"
Papa-"A bore is a person who tells
you so much about himself that you
ret no chance to tell him anything
about yourself."-Baltimore Ameri-
WIT AND HUMOR.
"What's the difference between wit
"If a man says humorous things
about you, it makes you laugh; if he
says witty things about you, it makes
FAVORITISM AND UNDUE IN-
"They are brothers, but they never
speak to each others."
"Yes, they wish people to think their
father left a large estate."-Detroit
"I see that the Ladysmith garrison
ate 9,000 horses during the seige."
"Gave free rein to the appetites, I
"A la cart, of course?"
"I guess. Most of them took neck,
"It's the mane stay-"-Clevelala
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 21
President Perkins, of the Internat-
ional Cigarmakers' Union is expected
to shortly arrive in Tampa. His com-
ing has been asked by the local union,
with the hope that the entire body of
ucgarmakers of the city can be unified,
which would be manifestly to their ad-
vantage. As things are now, there are
three independent and separate bodies,
each acting for itself, without harmony
and with chances of frictions to arise
Harry Quinn, of Sarasota, picked up
a small Spanish boy a few days ago.
The boy was floating in the Gulf on a
hatch, and was almost exhausted. The
-little fellow could not speak a word
of English, but was taken care of and
providedd for. He will be sent to Tam-
pa within a few days, and will find
thousands of people who speak his
tongue, and he can tell the story of
the shipwreck which undoubtedly
caused him to be on the hatch, at the
mercy of the winds and the waves.
Port Tampa City was visited with
a disastrous fire Tuesday night, that
destroyed considerable property. The
lire was first discovered on the.second
floor of the Eldorado saloon building,
which is used for sleeping quarters by
several families, and before it had
spent its fury the Eldorado, Suares's
and also Selada's saloons, together
with several smaller adjoining build-
ings, were consumed. It is not known
as yet what caused the fire. The in-
surance on these buildings was light,
and the loss will be a serious one to
several owners. The fire occurred be-
tween 2 and 3 o'clock Wednesday
morning.-Tampa Correspondent T.-U.
The Governor, Comptroller, and
Treasurer, have been examining the
various appropriations made by the
Legislature of 1809 and estimated the
income from the assessment of last
year, to ascertain what reduction, If
any, could be made in the State tax
levy, after meeting all Legislative ap-
propriations and providing a sufficient
surplus to meet the expense of the
and I am afraid I have in-
herited it. I do not feel
well; I have a cough; my
lungs are sore; am losing
flesh What shall I do?
Your doctor says take care of
yourself and take.plain cod-liver
oi, but you can't take it. Only
the strong, healthy person can
take it, and they can't take it
Ung. It iso rich it upsets the
stomach. But you can take
It is very palatable and easily
digested. f you will take plenty
of fresh air, and exercise, and
SCOTT'S EMULSION steadily,
there is very little doubt about
There are hypophosphites in it
they give strength and tone up the
nervous system while the cod-liver
o11 feeds and nourishes.
foe. and ( i, asi d sts
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemlu. ew York.
Legislature which is to convene in
April 1901. As a result, Governor
Bloxham has under the authority vest-
ed in him by law, given directions to
have the State tax proper reduced
from three to two and one-half mills
on the dollar, on the assessment of
Much has been said and written
about the thrifty village of Hastings,
located eighteen miles south of St.
Augustine on the Florida East Coast
Railway, but the vicinity and the in-
habitants deserve all the credit they
receive. The section in which Hast-
ings is located is perhaps the most
fertile in the State, and has the best
class of people to push its natural re-
sources. The Irish potato crop of
Hastings this spring is conservative-
ly estimated at between 15,000 and 20,-
One of the rarest and most curious
cabbage palmetto trees is being plant-
ed in the beautiful grounds surround-
ing the home of Albert Lewis, opposite
the Ponce DeLeon Hotel in St. Augus-
tine. The tree has three separate
trunks from the root; they are uniform
in height about twenty-five feet high
and triangular in growth.
There have been whisperings of the
erection of an opera house in Miami
this summer, ant the papers have
spoken in a general way of the matter,
out it is ascertained that the ol'ti.
house will be erected by Mr. Charles
H. Garthside, of the Bank of Bay Bis-
cayne on Avenue I), lext to the South-
crn Express office. It will be an up-
to-date building, containing all the Iatet
improvements in opera house struc-
ture, and will be built of brick and na-
tive stone. It will contain three stores
Underneath, and wil be ready for use
before the opening o' the next theatri-
can seasou.-Mianii .,ews.
The palmetto tibre factory at New
Smyrna, belonging to Mr. Jas. A.
Bishop, of Jacksonville, was purchased
lust week by Mr. J. W. La Bau, of the
same place. The factory started up
last week to run regularly. The fac-
tory gives employment to about ten
boys and four to five men, besides
those engaged in cutting fans.
The State encampment of Confeder-
ate Veterans will be held at Pensaco-
la April 26-27. The railroads have
made a low rate of 1 cent a mile, and
every camp in the State ought to be
represented. It is sad to think how
rapidly the old veterans are passing
away, as the roll call at every encamp-
ment shows a thinning of the ranks.
The Florida Medical Association held
its twenty-seventh annual meeting at
Orlando on Wednesday and Thursday
of last week. The meeting was well
attended, and some very important
resolutions were passed, one of which
was in reference to smallpox, urging
the people in the State to be vaccinat-
ed. Dr. H. L. Hughlett, of Cocoa, was
elected president of the association for
the ensuing year.
General Russell A. Alger, ex-secre-
tary of war, now a retired officer, U.
S. A., arrived in the city Wednesday
evening about 7:30 o'clock on a busi-
ness and pleasure visit, and will prob-
ably remain a couple of days, the
guest of M. H. Sullivan of West Greg-
ory street, a prominent mill owner.
General Alger is largely interested in
West Florida timber lands, and he
is here to look after his Interests with
the view of making other investments,
as well as to visit his friends in Pen-
sacola and vicinity.-Pepsacola Press.
Florida Fr.t Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 95. IN EFFECT APRIL 11, 1900
'OUTH BOUND (Read Down.) (Bead Op) NOBTR .BO l.
No.80 No.85 No."R.No.
Daily Daily STATIONS. Daily DaFl
a exi u aSt
4 0p 98te Lv........ Jacksonvlle ........Ar Ii
S51opl 0 45 Ar.......8t. Augautin .......L. r o t s 45
S2.ip 0L....... St. Auustie .......Ar Sp 0
57p1 It 2 .......... Haating ........L. 5p 905f
1,> up 114& Arl...... Palk ........ .. 8" s
6 S4. p 1206B Ar...........Palatka ...........Lv p '
5W50p 11 8 Lv ...........Palatk ..........Ar S 108 0
S 75p..... A....... San atao.......... Lv ......
S. ..pLv....... 8 an M o.......... A sp ......
0 .... ijapll .........Eat P atk ........Ar1 A ..
S .4;.p I02p ...........Ormonde........." 4 p 71sa.
"o 12 .1....... .....41p .65& ...
Sip 14 .....New" S l .. 88
E4 p l061p .......... (NMk ::::..........:: 11
8 ",p 2 p ...... ..t. e ........... 12 ......
.. p ". .......... Point...........
S.."... .......... W e ....... 13p ....
S.. .. 40 .......... Melborn .......... 8 .....
0 p .............. o elrn ........... 1 ......
E M ...... 4 44p 1.......... Sel tian .......... I2 2p ....
... 8 ..u ". .. ie .......... 11 08
.O 5j ......:.:Fort Pieo ......... U ft 5
.... 942p "....... Lemb l tyao......... ot ......
S A .... ... ..........ib ......... .. 1. O ....
0-4 ..... .." L .........ee ..L.. Web n C ........... 1100.. t ....
S0 .N .O n t ....... B Sen ........... 10 1...... ......
4 y. p .........0115D l ............. t10 a se. ... .
AU ip .........eoatan an .......... ... t ..
......942.daily exce.pt..... 2...nday.
So 9lpAr.... ..imi........ ...... L 71 ......
Buffett Parlor Cars a Trahins 86 and 78.
Between A ew mynaoa d Oal bs tr.hse me Tables t ow e tandime St
No.3 No 1_ STATIONS.' No..1 ( Ni. tra boa T m ION to.
Sp I -. .. w Jts rnare..- dlpr 6 p e T L...... ....Titusvlle. .........r i9
i0" ;.a .Lake elen.. L2 7a .. ........... Mim ..........
42 i; i ..Oange City.." :Ip 4p 8a ..Oste en............. l
4-1;ll0l, Ar .OiabeCyJct. 12 0[ 5 40p 8s0a .snterprise.
All i1?1ins betwoeef New Simyrna and Orange 9 A .......
city Juete ion daily except Sunday. l trains between Tituasile and amudel
Daily except undy.
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
Between Jaok'vii and Paobl o eah. Thee Time Tables show the time, at whiah
No.lU No 15 STATIONS. lNo.I o.18 trains and boats maybe expected to arrive ad
ve Miami Sunda d Wedro the several stations m
e est Mondad .....ad........p.'................. ... ........ .8 m.
iSea a Lv.a Jacksonville.. .r ..i their arrival or deSprture at the
715pIlO36aAr .Pablo Beach.. Lvl 790a1 400p stated is not guaranteed, nor does the io
Arr trains between Jacksanville and Pablo pany hold itself responsible for any deasy
Beach daily except Sunday. any consequences arising therefrom.
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
Leave Miami Sunedys and edneday..... .............. .........................1 p. m.
Arrive Key West Mondays ad Thursd ays..... y ......... ....................... .00. m.
Leave Key West Mondays and Thursdays ........................................ 80 p m.
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Fridays................................................... 51a. it.
Leave Havana 'Pnuesdays and Fridays......................................................11:Oa. in.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays a................... ..... ............ *80. 0 ,
. MIAni-KEY WEST LINE,
Leave Miami Mondays,. Wednesday and riday.... ............... .................. 0. a.
Arrive Key West Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays... ..... ............ I.p. m.
Leave Key West Tuesdays, Thursdaysa ana Saturdayas.................... ..00 p. m.
Arrive Miami Wednreslays, Fridays andSundays.................................... 60Ma. I.
IIAMI-NASSAU LINE, .
or ailing datesenquireof tie nearest Florida East Coast Railway ticket agent or wit-
to the general office.
Por cop of local time card call on Ticket AgentS, or address
.1. P. BBKWI Traffic Manager.
J. D. BAHNE, A. G. P. A.
-- 1 .. ..
8ENL. UNE DOLLAR
Cat uu. .., .*.d ead to .. 1.I a, t . 0 i-wi.Id Y1dou thi. saw
IaPROKD AC39 qrUIh PAkI.O5 02Ai, bkfreltfeC. 0. ., rubijr to
.xamisuta. You can examine it t your nearest freight depot
and if you fnd it exactly a rreseated, equal to organs
retail at 76.00 to *le., the greatet value youever saw arnd
far better tan organs advertied by others at more mrney, pay
th, frei'c eagent our .pceiasi s dnays? of e, 631.7,
laethe t1.0 or S andfreight charges.
$31.75 ,S OUR SPECIAL 0 DAYS' PRICE .eb -.
ad by etb Such am oter wd s move d bere
THE ACME r UEN is one of them. ItAMSS-A .i UZ
tiRSs evmiade. from the llusltrtion shown, which
is engraved direct from a phtoflp o ean form some ideaof it
beautiful appearance. Mde bn il- q% rer sawed
ak, antique finishhndtomneladeformteda dornLmented,
latest 189 stjle. Til ACRSE [ in6 feet inches high,
I inches long, Iinches wide and weigh U0pounds. Con-
tais 5 octave,l 11 tops, as follows:;, -- Pethipa,
1 Toe6.14 8 1 lru r 8dl 4 on" o a. !s TeMad
0z L of ofhas ly aSs-C I
GAiATe riai d TR AMEQU ENac-
tion consist of the elebratedsMwall .Ri.whil areonly
used In the highest grade instruments; at ed wth Rio
i md osap. d olx oa, asTo best Doe felts,
leMaers, etc., bellow of the bebt a .hhe loth -rly
bellorw stock and fnest leather nl valves. TLE
ACME QUEEN I tfur-'shed with a ilbeveled,
platetrench mirror, nickel plated pedalte aof
and every mode improved eaL t We ineIat -
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS." A'CES
isae a written bindi n-ye ua te bthe E f uts-a
tenasMadeonditions o1 &iM 1slifh lyrt1 i BO At ,I16 6
we sepir it free of ehar. Try ioi mr octh od
,w ref ud yor money if you are notr ieetr
KkleA. N of then ornsu will iit aS1. M Lld.L&
O lnER AT ONCE F T DELAY. .
OdR 8IELIABILITY IS EUTASLISIEG If you
at da. with us askyour igbor atbwrote us .... .- ... -. ....p
i publi.bher of this pPelror eltropBtoB Natm ..onal...on. l
haLk, or C'in ExchS Na.BBank, Clego; or German Exchage Bank, New York; or any slrad or e
eomniyi n 'hircgo. a lass ssIas l sinr *;I e.m a ,s oecupv entire one of the lgart husiiwibloa hi
Ohicgo, and mpaioy nearl L. psool s Ohr own building. w IKIUJ, OMeWB AT *l5e sa ep; nAM,. ll*
sop; also evrythihgIn in miae5 in simaeas at lowest wholesale pries. Write for tree speetal _oirgai
d muserinslltrument catalow. AddrIss, (ams .. Ceim a anro --, l
*EARMPOap*U 90* FiN9. DOslawst a WK l sM Ste. ONICOAOO ILL,
272 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ELOFF IC OF Tijek OEALER IN
F MANUFACTURERS OF < OF :C DEALERS IN
Orame Tree, Cotton Seed Meal,
G rape, j'~I Linseed Meal,
Fruit, Tobaeoo Stena,
(rWten, ion fe L e 1 rfW Blood and Bone.
Onion, Nitrate of oda, Potash,
Simon Pure Fertilizers, Etc., Etc.
eaW o Tas a CAI LOra. B. 0. PAINTER A CO., Proprietors. AsalOLTeUgM usSL aU.
.- -....,- JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. .
Just 90 days from the time our factory and warehouses were burned we
moved into our new building, and are now in better shape to take care of our
trade than ever before. With a building made especially for our purposes and
S up-to-date machinery for grinding and mixing we are prepared to do more and
better work than by the old system.
We wish to heartily thank those of our customers who have favored us
with their orders since the fire and by their patience have enabled us to hold
our business together so well under such trying circumstances.
If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
We furnish any and all kinds of Fertilizing flaterials and Chemicals.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THE IDE A T" BR A NDS-
Hi HAVE TH FSE.S ""W
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices.
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE...............$3.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.oo per ton
...............IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ .$3.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANI'RE........... $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER................... $20o. per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZ.RR COMPANY,
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per to.