VoL XXVII, No. 5. Whole No. 1355. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, January 31, 19.
There an be no subject of greater
importance to the practical farmer
than that in whicl es embraced seil
tertilty. aceaamful or rather good
farming, depends largely upon the pro-
Oucing preitale crops, and so feeding
the soil with the necessary elements
of plant foods as to maintain and in-
crease its productive fertility. To
make farming pay, It is also required
that good executive and flnpalal abil-
Ity be displayed in the management
nd use of the two first stated essen-
tials. kIperieee la the management
of criap and in the application of orti-
lUers to the soils has been largely the
guide to success, rather than the re-
salt of eareftl study and research on
the part t othe farmer. As a matter
of fact, experience as the resultant of
careful observatia, must in thl en
be the beat teeher from a safe, lnd
practleal stadpolnt. Yet a more thor-
ough under"tn-ftng and aid in more
quickly arriving at the proper and ju-
dicious ae of fertiliers on our soils
can be had by a full and complete un-
derstandin at the beginning of just
what is required in order to maintain
the fortilty of our soils. It is a well
known fact that if all the elements of
plant food taken from the soil in the
production of any crop are returned
that the fertility of that soil will re-
main praetiafy unchanged. This Is
to a very considerable extent accom-
plished on such farms where are
grown grain or forage crops, the same
being fe4 to animals, the manre eare-
fully preserved and returned to the
fields from whence the crops were
gathered. On the other hand, where
such crops as cotton are grown and
the entire product Is sold, hone being
returned to the aoll, the farmer is ne-
eesarily compelled to supply the ele-
meats of plant food abstracted by a
rop as disposed of by the application
of oeamerelal fertilisers. It only re-
quires a glance at statistics to show
that Georgia depends almost entirely
upon commercial fertilier~ to supply
the anIual draaage of plant food from
our soll by the present system of
farming,.aMd the careless method of
preservetM bhaM yard manures. In
view of these fuet It is all the more
important that each farmer gives
thoughtful study to this branch of his
business. It is wel enough at this
time to eater somewhat into details on
the qesatMa sa endeavor to obtain
af the intfe tteon we can on the sub-
ject, that the fertilder required may
be panrebtse ad handled with better
jUdLget than is ordinarily the case.
Th Opeat Plat sroeds-The three
important elements which are requir-
ed in greater or less proportions In the
growth of crops are nitrogen, phos-
phoric acid and potash. These are
the constituents most likely to be
found deficient in our soils, or are like-
ly to ho quickly exhausted. if DreaeBt
in their natural state, by the annual
removal of growing crops. No two
crops are likely to consume the same
proportions of these constituents, and
no two soils will probably be found in
their different characteristics or for-
matioh to be alike in their re-
quirements of these elements of
plant food. For instance, sandy
soils are usually deficient in all three
of the essential elements of plant
food, while the clayey soils ordinarily
contain quite a quantity of the min-
erals, particularly potash. Any soil
rich in vegetable humus is often de-
tfiuent in both phosphoric acid and pot-
ash, while limestone lands generally
contain a large percentage of phos-
phone acid. We understand, then, at
the outset that different crops and dif-
ferent soils naturally require different
methods of fertilization In order to
obtain best results from an economi-
cal standpoint. The judicious applica-
tion of needed quantities of plant
foods can be made after a study of
the soil and a knowledge of
what constituents are required to
grow certain crops. Some crops, such
as the legumes, in which are included
clovers, peas, beans, vetches, etc.,
have the power of drawing the nitro-
gen required for their growth from the
air, and the application of nitrogenous
manures to such crops is simply sup-
plying a costly element which the
plant could freely obtain for itself. On
the other hand, grasses, grains, cotton
and other crop of like character must
be well supplied with nitrogen, In a
most available form, in order to secure
best results during the most rapid pe-
riod of their growth.
Nitrogen.-Nitrogen is the most ex-
pensive element of all the plant foods,
costing in the open markets from three
to four times as much as either phos-
phoric acid or potash, pound for
pound. It is found to exist in three
forms, namely, organic matter, am-
monia, and as nitrate. Organic nitro-
gen exists in both animal and veget-
able matter. The more rapidly the
materials decay in which organic nitro-
gen is present, the more valuable it is
for fertilizing purposes, because they
must decay and change their forms
before the nitrogen can be used for
plant food. The most valuable sources
from which organic nitrogen can be
obtained, and the substances in which
it so richly exists, are dried blood,' phoric acid obtained by treating the
dried fish and cotton seed meal. These South Carolina rock with sulphuric
materials are also quickly available, acid, is most commonly used in this
because of the rapidity with which state because it is cheaper and a lower
they decay when brought in contact grade material than that found either
with the soil. Dried fish and cotton in Florida or Tennessee. The process
osed me f! furnish a goodly percent- of treatment Is simple. The phosphate
age of phosphoric acid in addition to rock Is ground to a fine powder, and
their nitrogen, while a fair percentage as it is spread out in layers it is sprink-
of potash also exists in the meal. led over with sulphuric acid, which at
There are other sources from which once changes the Insoluble phosphoric
nitrogen is obtained, such as ground acid of the rock into a soluble form.
leather scraps, horn and hoof meal, Phosphoric acid is also obtained from
wool waste, etc. While these substan- ground mineral bones. In this case no
ct contain a high percentage of nitro- render L. 6
treatment is required to render lii
gen, they are so slow to decay as to plant food the material available.
render them unit for the uses of farm The i the qa uker the
crops. Nitrogen in the form of am- de nd te e e t
monia is secured almost entirely from decay, and the more beneficial to the
sulphate of ammonia, when used growing crop. Pure raw bone eon-
tarin on an average of 22 per cent.
for fertilizing purposes, and this is the
most concentrated substance from phosphoric acid and 4 per cent nttro.
whbih nitrogen can be obtained. Sul- gen. All animal bone goods contain
phate of ammonia will analyse 20 per more or le liMtrofge, and every pure
cent. nitrogen, dried blood about 15 bone phosphate offered for sale will
per cent. and cotton seed meal 8 per show a percentage of nitrogen. Su-
cent. All of these elements ire ex- perphosphates is a term applied to the
tremely soluble in water and be- insoluble materials after treatment by
come rapidly available as plant foods. the sulphuric acid process, and does
Nitrate of soda and nitrate of potash not apply to the animal bone or organ-
furnish a nitrogen which is immediate- ic phosphates. The Carolina phos-
ly available, no change in It being te- phato will average 12 to 16 er cent.
cessary to render its quick absorption of available phosphoric add after
by growing plants when applied for treatment at the mills by .sulphuric
their use by surface broadcasting, acid.
Nitrate of soda will average in analy- Potash.-All forms of potash are
sis 16 per cent. nitrogen and differs freely soluble in water and are readily
from ammonia in that it'possesses no available as plant food. I, of course,
insoluble compounds to mix with and refer to the potash materials used for
Ie held by the soil constituents. It fertilizing purposes. There are three
will, therefore, leach rapidly through sources from which we derive our pot-
soil if applied in large quantities, es- ash in making up fertilisers either at
specially in the absence of growing veg- home or in the factory, kanit, muriate
etation. Nitrate of soda may be used of potash and sulphate of potash These
with splendid results a surface ap- materials are the product of the Strass-
plication to growing vegetables, wheat furt mines, in Germany, from whence
or oats, but should never be used un- they are exported to this country.
der any crop where rapidity of growth Kanit is a crude product of the mines
is not espeelally desired,
Is not especially de & and coneisats chlely of common mault.
Phosphoric Acid.-Phosphoric acid It will average about 18 per cent. of
is derived principally from the phos- pure potash. The murlate and sul-
phate of lime. Phosphates exist prin- phate of potash are manufactured
cipally in a combination of lime, iron from the ude products and are n
and alumina. Phosphoric acid has much more concentrated form, averag-
three forms in fertillers. That which ing about 50 per cent. of actual potash.
is soluble in water and ysily taken up Potash also exists in more or la
by plants, that whlc l soluble in
water, yet readily ifen up by plants quantities n unleashed wood he
and known as "reverted," and that cotton seed meal, cotton seed hull
which is insoluble either in water or ashes and barnyard manures. In fact
otherwise and is comaequently of but green cotton seed, preserved barnyard
little use to plants. A combination manures contain al the elementsof a
of the soluble and reverted constitute complete fertilizer.
the available percentage of plant food In the purchase of commercial
in a given quantity of phosphoric acid, fertilizers, as made up, or in buying
as shown from analysis. The miner- the material for mixing at home, it is
al phosphates are found in south Caro- well to become familiar with th. dif-
lina, Florida and Tennessee. Pho. fervent materials which go to ake up
s THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
the three great plant foods. In my gether in such proportions as are re-
next letter I will endeavor to show the quired by law. We have, in addition
method of obtaining the percentages to the manufacturer, quite a large
in a given quantity of the various ma- number of what are known as "dry
trials used as mixtures and submit a mixers." This list includes cotton seed
few formulas for corn and cotton oil mills and private firms who buy
which may be useful at this time. If the materials out of which they pro-
the materials can be purchased and pose to make their goods and mix
mixed at home according to a formula them, principally by hand, thongn in
which will give the desired proportions some cases machinery is used. Mixing
of plant foods for the crop intended by hand is done in a pit or on a floor
to be grown, It will be very much by shovels and hoes. Every farmer
Pheaper and safer than buying the who buys his phosphoric acid, nitro-
complete fertilizers, unless the latter gen and potash, mixing the three on
are mixed at the factory to order, his premises, Is in every sense a "dry
( mixer," and can make as good guano
More About Plant Food. as any "dry mixers" who thus make
In my last article I endeavored, as up goods and sell them as complete
fully as possible, to point out the three fertilizers. TBe farmer saves to him-
important elements of plant food and self the price paid out for mixing and
the source from whence they are ob- sacking, and other expenses when he
trained for use in manufacturing com- does the work himself. The mixing at
mercial fertilizers. Every manipulator home also does entirely away with the
of good guano must obtain his ingre- low grade guanos, and would break
dients from one of the sources referred up the slate mines in Dade county, or
to in securing the necessary elements so much of that Industry as is used
of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and pot- in the manufacture of ten per cent.
ash. In low grade goods, "city garb- goods. But there are some things in
age" and cheap "tankoyn" are used as the way of farmers generally doing
sources of nitrogen, but this class of this mixing at home. A large number
material will hardly be found in either of our best farmers have already
the "standard" or "high" grade brands. adopted the plan, because it is cheaper
There is one important fact it is desir- and they obtain purer goods. A great
ed to impress with emphasis upon the trouble, however, is for the farmers
mind of every farmer who purchases generally to study the question, be-
complete fertilizers, a high grade gua- come posted on formulas, and a will-
no cannot be made from low grade or ingness to do the mixing at home, and
cheap materials. A low grade fertili- the impossibility, under the present
ser cannot be manufactured from high system, for everyone to buy the mater-
grade materials without mixing in a lals separate and distinct. But it is
large amount of "fller" or foreign sub- time our people were beginning a
stance to make out the weight of the more thorough investigation of this
ton. When this is a fact, which no question, because it is by far one of
manufacturer will deny, and when you the most costly articles used in the ag-
buy a low grade ten per cent. guano, ricultural industry of the State.
and the dealer tells you the ingredi- Fertilizer Formulas.-It has been
ents of plant food contained in the clearly proven that where a number of
mixture are derived from first-class farmers club together and purchase
sources, you may depend upon 500 the unmixed goods for cash in car lots,
pounds generally of absolutely dead doing their own mixing at home, a
material used to fill in the weight. saving of fully 40 per cent. is real-
This is the serious defect in our Geor- ized over the plan of buying the com-
gia laws which permits the manufac- plete goods in small lots, or on time
ture of low grade goods. When a far- from their merchants. This is a tre-
mer buys a ton of guano his main ob- mendous saving and deserves serious
ject should be to get as high a per- consideration. It has also been proven
centage as possible out of the mater- beyond question that the samples of
lal. The mere matter of weight and guano analysed from home mixtures
cheapness should cut no figure. Cheap show as good mechanical condition as
mixtures are always high, and though those from the best and leading manu-
high grade goods will cost more per facturers. So that we find every argu-
ton in dollars, yet the farmer who pur- ment in favor of home mixing and ab-
chases It comes much nearer getting solutely nothing against it. The value
value received for his investment. of any fertilizer must at last be de-
Buying Fertilizers.-The value of termined by the increased product of
any fertilizer must be determined by the crop to which the fertilizer has
the amount of nitrogen, phosphoric been applied. I do not believe it has
adcd and potash which it contains, ever paid any man to apply costly gu-
and Its availability in feeding the crop anos to their land. Such land should
under which it is used. Therefore, in be brought up to a state of fertility
buying fertilizers, you purchase the by planting cowpeas, rotating, etc.,
constituents above named, and the until there is some profit in the culti-
more concentrated they are in the ele- vatlon of such soil. The kind of fer-
ments of available plant food, the tilizer to be used should be determin-
more available for the purposes desir- ed by the kind of crop under which it
ed and the less the expense of handling is to be used, and not by the brand of
them In the field. This is true when- goods. For the grains and grasses a
ever you buy these constituents in a very different fertilizer is required
complete goods, or each one separate than for cotton. For corn the best re-
Sand distinct. The term "manufactur- sults have been obtained from a ferti-
er of commercial fertilizers" is applied lizer analyzing about 10 per cent. pot-
to those firms or corporations with ash, 5 per cent. nitrogen. This pro-
regularly equipped plants, with ma- portion could be obtained in a formu-
chinery for grinding the crude phos- la as follows:
phate rock, making their sulphuric Phosphoric acid (14 to 15 per cent.),
acid, after treatment of the ground 1,000 pounds.
rock, making their own phosphoric Muriate of potash, -00 pounds.
acid. They then purchase their nitro- Cotton seed meal, 1,250 pounds.
im saO podbh, and with machinery If kalnit is substituted in place of
make Olt a complete goods by mixing the muriate, use 240 pounds. This for-
the tree I ledets of plant fool to- mula mixed and apied 200 to 300
pounds per acre would be about right.
For cotton we need a somewhat differ-
ent proportion of plant foods, or an
article which will analyze about 9 per
cent. phosphoric acid, 3 per cent. pot-
ash and 3 per cent. nitrogen, on a
3.1.1. goods. A good formula for cotton
would be as follows:
Acid phosphate (14 per cent. avail-
able), 1,200 pounds.
Muriate of potash, 120 pounds.
Cotton seed neal, 750 pounds.
This goods would analyze in about
the proportions best adapted for cot-
ton. I give below some other formu-
las, which do not run so high in am-
monia and potash, and will therefore
be cheaper, but which average in avail-
able plant food per ton from 12 to 14
1-2 per cent.
Acid phosphate (guaranteed 15 per
cent.), 1,420 pounds.
Muriate of potash, 80 pounds.
Cotton seed meal, 500 pounds, mak-
ing a total of 2,000 pounds.
A ton of this mixture will analyze,
ammonia 2 per cent, potash 2 per cent.,
phosphoric acid 10.65 per cent; total
Formula No. 2.-Acid phosphate
(guaranteed 14 per cent.), 1,420
Muriate of potash, 80 pounds.
Cotton seed meal, 500 pounds, mak-
ing a total of 2,000 pounds.
This goods would analyze same as
formula number 1, with the exception
of phosphoric acid reduced to 9.94, and
would make up a fertilizer analyzing
13.94 per cent, available.
Formula No. 3.-Phosphoric acid
(guaranteed 13 per cent.), 1,230
Kainit, 250 pounds.
Muriate of potash, 20 pounds.
Cotton seed meal, 500 pounds; total
This formula will give analysis,
phosphoric acid 8 per cent., potash
2.12, ammonia 2 per cent., total avail-
All of these formulas run above
standard 12 per cent. and could only
be reduced to lower grades by a reduc-
tion of the ingredients from which the
plant foods are obtained and the use
of "fillers" of "make weights." It re-
quires four times the amount of kainit
as it does muriate of potash.
Valuations.-One per cent. of the
plant food in guano means one pound
in every hundred weight, or twenty
pounds to the ton. Hence when we
see guano showing by analysis 10 per
cent. acid, 2 per cent. ammonia and 2
per cent. potash, the ton actually con-
tains in plant food 200 pounds of avail-
able phosphoric acid, 40 pounds of am-
monia and 40 pounds of potash; total
for the ton 280 pounds. This leaves
1,720 pounds of dead weight after ab-
stracting the pure elements desired.
A natural filler, however, is essential
because nature has provided that
method of storing up these plant foods,
and we can only get them as desired
by taking these natural fillers also.
For instance, we are compelled to use
500 pounds of cotton seed meal in or-
der to get forty pounds of nitrogen.
By multiplying the percentages of
available plant pods in a ton of guano
by the marketable value of the differ-
ent ingredients per pound, the relative
commercial value of the goods may be
determined. Phosphoric acid and pot-
ash are worth' now about 5 cents per
pound, and nitrogen from 12 to 15
cents per pound. These are wholesale
cash prices at the ports. When freight
and reasonebleeompemsation for hand-
If ever superstition could find excs
it would be when
mother, calendar in
hand, ponders the
may fall on
It is natural
to wish the
best of for-
those we love. Why not w ifortuneas
well as wish it for the child?
The greatest fortune any mother can
bestow on her child is a healthy body
and a happy mind, and with this great
fortune every mother may endow the
child if she will. The child's stock of
health is what the mother supplies. The
weak and worried woman has a very
slender stock of health to bestow a
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
makes mothers healthy and happy. It
does away with the misery of morning
sickness. It strengthens the nerves,
gives the body a feeling of budyancy,
makes the mind cheerful, gives vigor
and elasticity to the organs peculiarly
feminine, and baby's advent to theworld
is free from danger and painless.
"My first two babies were still-born, and
suffered every thing but death," write Mrs.
,uphemia Falconer, of Trent, Muskegoe Co,
Mith. "I was reduced to "o pounds. When I
was three months along with my third child I
was taken with hemorrhage or floodinK and
came near having a miscarriage from emae
weakness. For two months I was under the
care of our doctor, but was getting weaker all
the time until I sent and got three bottles of
'Favorite Prescription.' I improved fit and
continued to take your .Aedidne until baby was
born, and he is healthy and all right. My
health has been good ever since. I nowei-
ere is no alcohol, whisky or other
intoxicant in "Favorite Prescription,"
neither does it contain any opium or
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets do not re-
act on the system They are a perfect
need a quick and powerful stimu-
lant-something to force growth to
the limit. The money is in earsea.
fits the case exactly. Apply in small
quantities during the early growing
period of the plants.
It adds color, flavor, crmess and Im -
der es to allvegetables. Would you know
more about it, send for free text book "Food
for Plants" to John A. Myers, 1 Y John
Street, New York. Nitrate for sale by
BALFOUR, WILLIAMSON A CO.,
7 WUIsi St., New York.
ling in the interior are added, aside
from the cost of mixing and sacking, it
is easy to figure the fair value of a ton
of guano for the cash.
In conclusion I would advise every
farmer who can buy the ingredients
and do his own mixing, according to
whatever formula he desires, consid-
ering the characteristics of his soil
and the crop to be grown. If complete
fertilizers are to be bought, buy only
those of high grade, as shown by the
minimum percentage of the guaran-
teed analysis as stamped on the sack.
-C. H. Jordan in Atlanta Journal.
Farmers and builders will find it to
their advantage to write to Geo. H.
Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoc's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil-
ers. Machinery, new and second hand
a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ,
Orange roves by Water Protection. marked advantages in its favor the
Colonel Camp, of Florida, has by ac- yellow banana has practically driven
tual experiments demonstrated, that the red banana out.
Irrigation will protect orange trees With this great scarcity red banan-
from the disastrous effects of cold as now bring fancy prices; it may be.
weather. ten times as much as yellow bananas,
Colonel Camp owns the largest grove With yellow bananas at $1 to $1.50
in the State, if not in the world, his a bunch, red would be worth $6 to $11,
grove contains three hundred acres in and there would be fewer in a bunch.
a body. and the trees are in fine con- Red bananas sell nowadays In the
edition. As this large grove represents fruit stores as high as 20 cents each.;
a large expenditure of money and la- The comparatively few bunches im-'
bor. Colonel Camp was obliged to se- ported are taken by dealers in fine and
cure a more perfect means to protect fancy fruits as novelties, the rarity.
his grove from the cold weather. After "in large measure determining the
numerous experiments he has decided price. It may be asked why. with
that irrigation is the only certain way red bananas at such prices, more are
for protection, and has given the Tam- not cultivated; to which the answer is
pa Supply Co., of Tampa, Fla., an op- that if more were raised the price
en order to get up the plans for the would go down again, and there would
erection and to furnish him with an be no profit in raising them for the
Immense irrigating plant for his large general demand, in- competition with
grove. The plant will be the largest the more economically produced, more
of its kind In the South, and through prollil and better shipping yellow ba-
the courtesy of the Tampa Supply Co.. nanas. The red banana appears to be
we give our readers and those who are now in its scarcity like some other
interested in orange groves a partial kinls of comparatively rare fruit, or
description of it. say, like game. Some people prefer
The pumping capacity of the plant the flavor of the red banana, some
will be guaranteed two million gallons prefer that of the yellow; it is proba-
per hour, which will require eight ble that the great majority would
hundred horse power boiler plant to have no choice; and the far lower
furnish the required amount of power price at which the yellow banana can
to work the pumping plant. The boil- be offered to tie individual consumer
era will be hand made, and the materi- settles the question.
al that they will be made of will be the Bananas were never before so cheap
open-hearth, homogenous flange steel. as they have been in very recent years.
with a tensile strength of sixty thous- IFormerly a luxury that was rather
and pounds to the square inch. Each costly than otherwise, the banana is
boiler will be seventy-two inches in now a cheap luxury; very good banan-
diameter and eighteen feet long, set :s can now be bought commonly in
in one battery of six, and so erected the streets in a season at a cent
and arranged that each boiler can be apiece. or ten cents a dozen, such as
worked independently of the others, formerly cost two or three times as
The pumps will be of the duplex much. Formerly bananas were
pattern, and brass lined to prevent brought to this country in sailing ves-i
corrosion when not being used. There sels, in slick fast schooners which,
will be six pumps, and each will have with any sort of favoring conditions.
an Pighteen inch discharge pipe. The made quick trips; with adverse weath-
weight of each pump will be about 18,- er. if long continued, the cargoes rot-
000 pounds. The series of pumps will ted. Now bananas are brought by
be arranged so they will all discharge steam, in fast steamers built especially
into a main oastributing pipe twenty- for the fruit trade. These steamers
four inches in diameter and one hun- may of course be held up by storms;
dred feet long. The other distributing but they are not likely to be; common-
pipes from this main pipe will run over ly they land cargoes here in a specified
the grove, and the water for the irriga- time, and in the best and most suit-
tion will be distributed by stand pipes able coaditlon for handling and mar-
and improved sprinklers on each stand keting to the best advantage and with
pipe, working under a pressure of 100 the least possible waste, and with ad-
pounds to the square inch. By this vantage as to evenness of supply. The
method it will take four stand pipes to great bulk of the banana trade in this
the acre. The cost of this immense country is now controlled by a com-
plant will be in the neighborhood of pany which banana importers have or-
$00.000 when completed with pipina ganized.
etc. It will take more than eighty The bananas eaten in this country
thousand feet of pipe. come from Costa Rica, British and
The Tampa Supply Co. also closed Spanish Honduras, Columbia, .Tamaisa,
a contract yesterday to furnish anoth- and Cuba; that is, from the countries
er complete new phosphate plant around the southern part of the Gulf
which is a duplicate of the one'they of Mexico and around the Carribean
furnished at Floral City. The con- Sea. The bulk of the fruit from the
tract price is $9,500.-Tampa Herald, gulf countries goes to New Orleans
for distribution. That from the other
countries coming to Atlantic ports.
Paeti About Banansl. For many years bananas have had a
Red bananas are so scarce nowadays more or less wide distribution from
as to be practically a rarity; the pre- the ports of receipt; but they were
ailing banana Is yellow. Twenty never before so widely distributed,
years and more ago the red was the nor sold so cheaply at interior points,
prevailing banana and the yellow the as now. Bananas are now sold not as
rare one. The change from red to yel- rarities, but more or less commonly,
low is due to commercial reasons; the in all parts of the country; practically
yellow banana is more profitable. everywhere; the eastern part of the
The yellow banana requires less country being supplied from Atlantic
care and time In the cultivation, and ports, and the Mississippi valley and
so costs less in that stage. It sticks western half from New Orleans. Cos-
to the stem better than the red banana ta Rica bananas are now shipped from
and so stands handling better. There New Orleans over pretty much all the
are one-third more yellow bananas to western country, to the Pacific
the bunch than red. With all these coast.-N. Y. Sun.
NEW TOMATO 19M
This very distinct and most nromisine
new variety, of the color of seaty and
Acme, is the latest addition by Living-
ston to the tomato family It is thicker,
heavier, and more solid than either of the
above, making it easily the most hand.
some sort in cultivation. The orm is per-
feet. uniform, large and attractive. Fle-h
very firm. It is a robust grower with
short joints. setting its friit cluecres dot-
er together than most varieties, and is
therefore a heavy cropper. It is especial-
ly adaptcd for shippirl, and is remarka-
der qt once
Per Pkt., o; 3 pkts Sc; 7 pkts. $l
lspsstly Ills ratd SpAsneal Free with orders
The LIVINOSTON SEED CO., Colmbus, 0.
For YOru Palily Or Yomr 0orm5
'- It kills germs in a marvelous man-
ner. It is the best antiseptic known
and positively cures
Invaluable as a liniment for family ,
Suse, as well as a horse liniment. J
Can be taken internally or externally, and is warranted to be in
every way as represented. Sdd by druggistsl ad ed ersjgeruery.
Family Size bottles, S ceta. Horse Size bottles, $o cts. and $io.
Seed Beans and Peas, Rocky Ford Cantaloupe Seed, Onion Sets
and a full stock of fresh Garden Seeds. Also Grain, Hfay and
Feed. Write for prices. Catalogue free.
Willia6 E. BAY STREET,
Willia A. JACKSONVILLE FLA.
Crops and Products.
Strawberries.-Mr. Ed. J. Laws. one
of Center Hill's merchants, is moving
his stock of goods to Riverland where
he says the man recently sold thirty
six quarts of strawberries at $1.50 per
quart. Mr. Laws says that in a short
time the growers will be able to get
sufficient hands to pick the fine crop
of berries there this year.-Sumter
Fine Prices for Strawberries.-Law-
rence Johnson, of Dover, was in the ci-
ty this morning. The growers of ber-
ries in this neighborhood covered their
beds and sustained little or no damage.
One of them the other day received a
$50 check for a single crate of berries.
-Tampa Herald 8th.
Plant City Crops.-The tobacco
growers are now receiving returns for
the tobacco grown two years ago and
sent to Quincy to be cured and sold.
John Edmondson sent 1,000 pounds of
fine leaf to the curing house and re-
ceived a bill for $4.40 to help pay the
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 1899, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any arden,
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when, where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than M5, nor more than
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him for price list. Wholesale and retail.
remaining expenses after the sale was The Practical
made. W. S. Knight had 1,000 pounds AND SIMPLE
and was so fortunate as to receive $3. BARBED WIRE
Postmaster E. B. Trask is proud of a |FENCE SU LER.
gross receipt of 50 cents for 600 pounds, V. SCHMELZ
and a farmer who went into the busi-
ness on a small scale and only spent Sylvan Lake, Fla.
$100 besides his labor, got enough -
money to buy three postage stamps, and those "'ho have done so will realize
The farmers say tobacco growing in handsomely. Much is being said in
South Florida is a success, but selling this vicinity, as in every other part of
it is another matter just at present. the state, about the value of cassava as
There has rarely been seen in this a staple crop. It has been tried by
country a lot of finer or better flavored many of our farmers with the greatest
leaf than was produced in this vicinity, of success, but there is another cro:,
and the business would be carried on grown by the farmers here that is
extensively if there was some sure way equally valuable from every standpoint,
of disposing of the product at right and equally easy to grow. It is the vel-
figures. There will be heavy shipments vet bean. In this vicinity a good many
of strawberries from this city soon. acres were grown last year, and those
Most of the growers have taken much 'who have tried the velvet bean will pro-
pains to cover the plants from the cold, duce it every year. The crop has yield-
O8 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ed from 100 to 400 bushels of beans to
the acre near Plant City. It is the best
feed crop known in this part of the
state, and the stock to which it is being
fed are the fattest and healthiest in the
country. Every animal on the farmn
eats the velvet bean with relish, and
hogs are fattened with it in a remarka-
bly short time. The velvet bean is
grown on ordinary pine land without
fertilizer. When the beans ripen they
are picked and the vines allowed to rot
in the sun and rain, and then plowed in.
It is estimated That land fertilized in
this way is as rich as if 1,000 pounds of
the best commercial fertilizer were put
to the acre. The beans are ground, pod
and all, at any corn mill, and an aver-
age of 100 sacks of feed, superior in nu-
tritive properties to any shipped stuff,
is obtained. Those who have grown
the velvet bean recommend it to all as
the best general feed crop that can be
grown in Florida.-Tampa Times.
Florida Fruit Situation.
Mr. 8. Powers of Jacksonville, sr--
retary of the State Horticultural So-
ciety, writing to the Fruit and Trade
Journal of New York, in the following
article reviews the situation in Flor-
Your correspondent never took much
stock in the cheerful, Pecksunifian cant
which spoke of the freezes in Florida
as "a blessing in disguise." But there
Is no disguising the prosaic columer-
clal fact that in many respects the
State is better off and on a more sub-
stantial business basis than it was in
the old days when the principal pro-
ductions were oranges and mortgages.
While waiting for their orange groves
to spring up from the ground the farm-
ers have perforce fumed their atten-
tion to vegetables, corn, hay, sweet po-
tatoes, sugar cane, stock and poultry
Tens of thousands of people while
handling a painfully small amount of
money and being "hard put to it" to
pay their taxes and buy their clothing.
actually live better than they did ini
the days of the orange boom.
A few of the older counties which
depended chiefly on oranges have lost
from 1 to 5 per cent. of their popula-
tion. But the most of this has gone.
either permanently or temporarily fur-
ther south, especially on the East
Coast and the extreme lower West
Coast, while in Middle and West Flor-
ida, there has been a strong influx of
Northern settlers. For instance, one
county alone, Taylor, is said to have
had $150,000 worth of real estate sales
in the last six months. Dade county,
on the extreme lower East Coast, has
increased in population more than five
fold in the last three years and its
property valuations In aoout the same
The phosphate industry, having
been enormously inflated at first, suf-
fered a disastrous collapse three or
4 years ago, but it is now recovered
a healthy tone and there are eighty
plants in vigorous and profitable oper-
ation. Around Dunnellon over $40.-
000 a month is paid out in wages.
Phosphate will bring into Florida
$3,500,000 or $4,000,000 this year. Lum-
ber and naval stores are enjoying an
advance in prices and pay well, and a
turpentine boom is sweeping over the-
State which will, I regret to state, lay
waste millions of acres, largely con-
sisting of half-grown pines. There is
more money coming into the State
than there has been for years. Com-
mercial travelers report sales better
than even in the orange epoch. By
house-to-house investigation Jackson-
ville has half a million dollars' worth
of buildings now in process of erection
or completed within the last three
months, and another half million is
being expended by the Flagler System
on her summer seaside resorts. Tour-
ists spent in the State last season be-
tween $7.000,000 and $I1,0J.O00.
though much of this returns to the
North in dividends. They are already
blocking into the State. A hundred
went up the St. Johns river one day
last week. Two cassava starch and
tapioca factories have been erected
and a third will probably be built by
the millionaire Stetson at DeLand.
Mr. Stetson has a large crop of cas-
Within the last six months I have
made two trips, one to Miami. on the
East Coast. one to Orlando in the
Central South. At the latter place I
rode around several hours with Geo.
1. unsuoll. a man who is popularly re-
ported to have made $150,000 out of
pineapples in ten years. He showed
me sixteen pineries he has planted for
other parties, while he has thirteen
others waiting for the growth of
plants with which to set them. He es-
timated that there are over 175 piner-
ies around Orlando, ranging from a
half acre to six or eight acres, all of
them shodded and costing complete
about $1,600 an acre to plant. Among
the planters are several Standard Oil
magnates and some New England cap-
On the West Coast from Clearwtrer
down to Marco, there are scores of
these covered pineries, most of them
planted in the last year.
On the East Coast the cold snap
last winter reduced the crop to less
than a quarter. but the plants were
very rarely killed, only set back, and
there was almost everywhere a hope-
ful activity in setting new planta-
tions, cleaning up the old ones and
building sheds. Barring cold snaps.
the East Coast will produce 20)0.000
crates next spring.
In the upper and upper central parts
of the peninsular the orange groves
largely show up as dead brush, with
sprouts more or less vigorously creep
ing up through them and stragglinr
out at the top. The people are not
bothering them particularly; they are
waiting to see what will turn up. A
large number of them are raising or-
ange groves just the same, or. rather
the groves are raising themselves at
present, and if they get a chance to
hang a few oranges the owners will
take hold again and assist. You will
see a grove of dead brush with neg-
lected sprouts crawling out around
the base. while right over the fence,
subject to the same natural conditions,
will be a grove of trees fifteen feet
high. with lustrous, dark foliage'and
some oranges. I cannot understand It.
Evidently the personal element makes
a vast difference somehow. At Or-
lando and Winter Park I saw several
tall beautiful groves. The Standard
Oil groves, manured with gold dust,
have stood the rough weather. Their
admirable manager. Captain W. A.
Cooper, will raise oranges in spite of
On the East Coast the cultivation
and resuscitation of groves progres-
sively increase as one descends Indian
River. The settlers are about all
es THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Mr*. Thoophilo Bohmitt, wife of the
Ex-Secretary of the German consulate,
writes the following letter to Dr. Hart-
man, from 8417 Wabash Ave., Chicago,
Il. Mrs. Schmitt says: "I suffered
this winter with a severe attack of la
grippe, and having repeatedly heard of
the value of Pe-ru-na in much eases I
thought I would try it. I used It faith-
fully and began to feel a change for the
better the second day, and in the course
of a week I was very much improved.
After using three bottles I not only
found that the grippe had disappeared,
but my general health was much better.
I am satisfied that Pe-ru-na is a wonder-
ful family remedy and gladly endomse
it. Yours, Mrs.Theophile Schmitt."
Mrs. M. E. Wheeler, Rockford, Tenn,
writes: "I am very glad to write you
that I am in every
way cured of oa-
tarrh with which
I have been
troubled for ten
years or more. I
feel very grateful
to you for curing
my catarrh, as it
was a very stub-
born case. I have
felt no symptoms
Mrs. M. E.Wheeler. of the catarrh for
over a year. If
you think this letter will be of any use
to suffering humanity you may use it."
La grippe is acute, epidemic catarrh.
There is no remedy in the world that
meets this form of catarrh as thoroughly
as Pe-ru-na. During the tfrst stage of
la grippe Pe-ru-na is an unfailing rem-
edy. People who have had la grippe
and have partly recovered, but remain
half sick, will find Pe-rn-na exactly
suited to their case. There is no remedy
devised that will so quickly and thor-
oughly dispel the disagreeable and seri-
oun after-effects of Is grippe an Pe.ru-.
The leading actors and actresses of
this country have come to regard Pe-ra-
as ms indispensable to their suonee.
ever, say I.
cure. I re-
gard it as
toilet table."-Mlle. Jane Delorme, of
New York City.
All women praise Po-ru-na after one
trial. It is safe to say that no woman
ever took one bottle of Pe-ru-na who
did not become a life long advoeat of
this remarkable remedy. Never was a
medicine devised of so much value to
women. A book, Winter Catarrh,"
sent free by Dr. Hartman, Columbs, 0
there. They are raising beans and or- tender sprouts and it win all rot away
ange trees. or be hidden with one or two good sea-
The upper reaches of the State look sons. A majority of the growers in
bad with standing brush, but it is not the upper part of the orange belt are
so bad only to look at. It holds up the simply "lying low." They have banked
WOMEN FEAR LA CRIPPE A-i3 CATAlRRL
Pe-ru-na a Reliable Prcteetion.
- ---- -------- -
K ---RIL .,OCI .
YRB. TRBOPHIL B CHMITT, OP CRIAGOO.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
their fire, so to spetk, dad spread saii
to catch the breesee that blow on cab-
bage leaves and bean blossoms.
There has been an activity in orange
planting hot equalled in the last de-
cade. All the nurserymen in the State
report their citrus stock about sold
out. without advertising, and.at an ad-
vance of 50 to 75 per cent. in prices.
Some of this stock goes to Cuba and
Porto Rico, but far the larger part is,
planted or to be planted at home.
On the East Coast, in Dade and
lower Brevard counties, planting is pe-
culiarly active. At Boca Ratone, for
instance 640 acres have been sold In
five and ten acre lots for orange groves
as early as August, and another sae-
tion of land was to be placed on the
market at once, and nearly all this will
be or has been planted. No irost has
ever occurred in that region that would
even injure the fruit. Take the lower
East and West Coasts together, hun-
dreds of thousand, of orange and
grape fruit trees have been or will be
met before next March. There is per-
feet confidence in the industry in the
southern third of the peninsula.
The vegetable crop of the season
ending last summer aggregated prob-
ably four and a half million packages
(crates, baskets and barrels), taking
vegetables, cantaloupes and potatoes
together. Four railroads alone fur-
nished a Railroad Commission ivith
statistics showing an output of 3,553;-
000 packages, leaving three other lines
and two other steamer lines, besides
the considerable shipments from Key
West by New York steamers not count-
Plenty et Winter Xggs.
By using the very best laying hens
as breeding stock from year to year,
the laying quality of the flock can be 4
greatly Increased and in some instan- w
ce doubled, says C. N. Ford in Amer-
ican Agriculturist. As a rule pullets 0
are much better than old hens, and it's
a rare case for hens to produce more
eggs than their daughters. I used to I
think that the earlier I could hatch I
chicks the more chances I had in hav-
ing winter layers, but have learned
from experience that April and May
are the months to get out birds that
will help to fill the nests with nice
eggs, when they are in great demand. J
A good, warm house should be pro-
vided, with a scratch shed where the
birds can have plenty of room. and I
where a lot of fresh dirt from the
field has been thrown in without pack- i
ing. The morning meal should con- A
sist of a warm mash, one part mid-
dlings and two parts bran, scalded and
steamed for at least 30 minutes and
thoroughly mixed so that it is as stiff
as it can be stirred. Only a light feed
of this should be given and the mash
may include boiled turnips, potatoes or
other vegetables. After breakfast a
handful of millet seed should be scat-
tered in the straw or leaves that have
been placed in the scratch shed, and
the days work begins. At noon, give
them a light feed of wheat thrown In
the scratch shed and throw over a few
whole turnips, or, better still, hang up
a cabbage head just high enough so
that the hens will have to jump up to
ed In. Then there were between 1,500 About twice a week throw In a few
and 2,000 carloads of watermelons small pieces of cracklings and let them
shipped out of the State. peck away at them, being careful that
S will make a rough estimate of a the cracklings are not salty, and that
few of Florida's leading productions the hens do not get too much at one
for the year ending, say June 30, based time. Give them skim milk twice a
on the statistics of the Commissioner week. if convenient, and always keep
of Agricrltureand the Railroad Com- fresh water and plenty of sharp grit
mission: on hand where it is handy for the
Cigars............ .......6,161,310 birds. At night, Just before they are
Phosphates...........: .... 5,437,3060 ready to fly up to roost, give them a
Cattle Shipped.... ....... 1,499.3 good square feed of cracked corn and
Cotton..................2,0.48 wheat mixed, about all that they will
Lumber, Shingles, Crossties. 8,261,3I-4 clean up.
Tobacco.... .............. 1,250.2- Some feed too much, while others
Tomatoes.......... ..... 650,8 feed too little, and you will have to
Puller's Earth............. 360,000 watch your birds and be governed ac-
Oranges...... ............ 456672 cordingly. A good rule is to feed so
Irlsh Potatoe.... ........233!r that the birds will come running when
Peanuts.... .............. 212,197 you go out to feed, and another good
Beans... ............... 264,130 Iplan is to take your lantern and go to
Pineapples.. .............. 160,662 the roost at night and examine the
birds by feeling of the crops, and you
S. Powers, will soon be able to feed them just
Secretary State Horticultural Society. right, and do this without gorging or
overfeeding. Proper nest boxes must
be furnished and kept with sufficient
As the Floriua Representaative of straw in them so the eggs will not be
the large International Publishing broken, and the house must be kept
Company of Philadelphia and Chicago. clean. Of course this means work, but
I am prepared to offer extra induce- by following it up you will be reward-
ments to LADIES and GENTLEMEN ed with plenty of eggs when the price
to work for them both by offering is at its best, and it will more than pay
large commissions and PIRE3IIIMI you for all the trouble you have ta-
also both-to the agent and purchaser ken.
of books. Isaac Morgan,
Kisarmmee, pla. At Port Tampa, J. H. Frier, a young
--o man, who is fishing for '. I. Knowles,
WANTED--everal bright and hon- killed on Monday a large rattlesnake,
est persons to represent us as manag- which measured 5 feet three inches,
ere of this and close by counties. Sal- and had twelve rattles and a button.
ary $800 a year and expenses. Straight The snake was killed near the beach,
bona-fide, no more no less, salary. Po- between Frazier's beach and this
sition permanent. Our references, any point. Alex McCabern, colored, came
bank in any town. It is mainly office within two steps of planting his foot
work conducted at home. Reference. upon it. The snake was in its coil at
Enclose self addressed stamped enve- the time and the negro was so bad-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY. ly frightened that he became violently
Dep. 8, Chcago, i ill, and had to be taken to bed.
IsleToilet Cream" FI.
SA.erior to ail Ohers. MAj Y m.B. A.SUMWTW
To keep a clear complex i MEMW P11 rARIM At 81
ton and tender skin try it 3 AlW sl W.
15 and 25 eta per bottle at a as am
Drug ista, or mailed Icade 1 to rs, o ase .rl~
- [onlyby ysM A. WIGGINy ormalluforaea adwewid ayo7
* a CO-, Chicago. ,old bs a itbya vmC.O.D. subJectto s
Wholcaa c Druggits ever e Md I f..tie
where. e -prs Ot e and Iil fdd DpIfeelyata
t..,tm.,*sacd a1 ad nai r a
It's Like Play
to keep the silverware bright
'ie Glassware sparkling, the
bicycle lustrous, the ulano
case shiny and every polishable
thing at top notch of brilliancy
now that it is possible .
Nothing but a simple cloth as
far as you can see, but the
magic of its touch removes tar-
nish and smuchiness as a damp
rag removes dust. 15 cents a
\ without a penny to pay. Every
little girl whose mother now or
in the future, uses Witchkloth
can get a pair of beautiful slip-
pers made to fit her dolly. .
CHEMICAL SPECIALTY CO.,
and choice seeds as l
plant& It differs fromw
al other catalog in
that it is lustbatrd by
Free to all who plant
w HNSOd. I sow
217-219 Market S.
A nyion sending a sketch and .c0npttio mO
q lckly ascertain our opinion free whether a
invention is probably plentableo. Communlca
iions tfotlonfldmiids Handbookon Paent
sent free. Oldest a cy Mufor CPurlatt.
Patents taken T noh n eaM
paiMl amiCe, without clhrae, in the
As the Florida Representative of the large
International Publishing Co.. of Philade'rp;"
and Chicago I am prepared to oier extra in-
ducements to LADIES & GENTLEMEN to
work for them both by offcrirg iarc mn-
missions and PREMIUMS also both to the
agent and the purchaser of books.
Isaac Morgan. State Agent.
That will kill
.I the weeds ,
i," \our lawns
I' you keep
hey do not
01 e1 cut your
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become fhick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Norristow n, Pa
ro THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Selecting Seed Corn.
There's no more important job you
can do on the farm than to spend a
day selecting good seed corn for your
next season's use. In fact, it should
have been done before this time. A
great many farmers know from
last spring's experience how much
trouble it is to get a stand of corn with
bad seed, and many a short crop is
now being gathered that is the result
Of poor seed. The great majority of
farmers in the corn belt select their
seeds from the 'corn cribs in spring.
If the season has been a favorable one
and corn has all matured, we stand a
fair show of getting sound corn in this
way, providing the corn has not been
wet and damaged; but we can't
tell by the ear alone wheth-
er or not it is just the thing
we want for seed. We like to see the
stalk when we select corn for seed.
The best plan to get good seed is to
take a day off and go out in the field
and pick out just such corn as you like
before it is gathered. With a bag
swung on one's shoulder he can select
in the best part of the fields several
bushels of fine corn a day. It isn't
best to husk the ears, but this may be
done if the corn is fully ripe. We pre-
fer to "slip shuck" it, as some call it,
taking off the rough outside husk,
but leaving tne inside husks to
protect the ear. In selecting seed corn
the first thing necessary is to get the
ear just right, the grain the desired
shape and length, the cob the right
size and color, and the ear tipped out
properly and just the right shape.
Ears should be selected from stalks
not too high, and the ear should nut
be high up on the stalk. Every farmer
doesn't have the same idea as to what
constitutes a perfect ear of corn. hence
the different varieties and kinds of
corn found through the country.
If you can't take time to go out and
select your seed, as above suggested,
then fasten a box on the rear end of
the wagon and select your
seed when you husk your corn. As
you gather the corn and find a desira-
able ear,'throw it Into the box and by
the time your corn is gathered you will
have a fine lot of seed saved up. If
you don't need it all. you'll have no
trouble in selling the surplus to your
careless neighbor next season. It isn't
a bad idea to go over your corn a sec-
ond time to be sure that you have just
what you want for oeed. And in gath.
ering it in. don't pile if in a box or
barrel where it may heat, If not very
dry, but put it at once where you in-
tend to keep it through the winter.
The best plan we know of to keep
seed corn, is to take long strips of
wood. say about an inch square, and
nail these on the underneath side of
the joists, in the buggy house. Nail
these strips in pairs, about six inches
apart, and on these strips rick up the
corn, filling the space up to the floor.
Here it will dry out and no sort of
hard freezing weather will ever injure
It. No mice or rats can get to it, and
it is not going to lifter up your buggy
house in any way. No stock is break-
ing into it and eating it up. If you try
this plan once you will keep it up af-
ter. Some tie the ears together and
suspend them to the barn rafters with
wire. This is not a bad plan either.
Any Way, be sure to save good seed
corn this year and put it where it will
be safe and all right next corn plant-
ing time.-Farmers' Guide.
Improved Rice culture. crop would amount to $800,000 a year. Dr. I thLay
In gathering new varieties of It is estimated that the introduction
seeds and plants from all parts of this variety has cost the govern- Tr t Al I eases
of the world, testing them and ment $5,000." M
distributing such as prove valua. Secretary Wilson is greatly interest- Hi Method Iariably Care AU
ble, Secretary Wilson believes the ed in the new American method of cul- Catarrhal Bronchial, Luag, St
United States Department of Agricul- tivating rice in an artificial swamp. aeh, Liver, Kidney and Other CO-
ture can do far more good without dis- which can be drained off when hat- plaints, as Welr a All Dlims
tributing the ordinary cabbage and vesting time arrives so as to permit and Weaknesses of Women.
turnip seeds which have had the ap- the use of labor-saving machinery In Dr. Hathaway's mot
extensive practice, ear
proval of farmers and seedsmen for This was the idea of some Northern erng a period of mere
many generations. There is enough farmers who went to Louisiana a few tnan2 years,behasbee
room in the improved grasses alone to years ago. They wanted to raise rice. annerof di to est ao
absorb to advantage the entire appro- but they were not contented with the men and women mad
along the whole Ie of
priation that the government allows hand labor by which it had always human ailments he has
for seed. been necessary to harvest it, and so been uniformly ume-
In an interview last week, Secretary they created a swamp which would Dr. Hathaway's me-
Wilson said: "In rice the introduction be under their control. Mr. Wilson. on thod of tretmnt gets
directly t the 1t Of
of one new variety, now grown suc- his recent trip, saw one piece of prairie the trouble, purifes the btood
cessfully, is said to have a commercial into which 400,000 gallons of water tim lee. tnle whole system and
the llli neutralizes the poisons which
value of a million dollars a year to were poured per minute, an amount produce the diseasedconditions.
producers. It seems that broken rice 25 per cent greater than that which is ll Yearly he restores to perfect
sells for 2 cents per pound less than to go out of Lake Michigan into the Trti from Catarrh. Bronchitis, As-
the head rice, and in the old varieti.'s Chicago drainage canal. In Southern tmua. Hay Fever. Lung Complaints. Stomach,
there is a breakage of at least -0i per Louisiana. where the country is widely river and Kidney Diseases, Piles. Tnmor, an-
.ers. Eczema and all manner of skin affectttos.
cent. The department recently intro- cut up by rivers and bayous, this sort Dr. Hathaway also treats with
Tmlelbeaeao the greatest success all the
duced some Japanese rice called Kiu of irrigation is very easily accom- Womm many distressing wehnems and
Shu, in which the average breakage iillshed, either by gravity flow or 1by .|ilcoa by wnion o manywomen areaisffetd
from this year's experiments has Deen the use of winumills. In this way the Eleotroal i a'lthaway's oicesare 1tted
with all the latest electrical an
only 17 per cent. It is a better cu:il- rice can grow in its natural condition, t.PUanon. other appliances m the use c
ity besides, and is decidedly more pro- and when matured the water can be hich. as we as the microscope. no has world
"ide fame as an expert. All o1 the medicne
ductive to the acre. This saving of 2 turned off, the ground allowed to dry. uied by Dr. Hathaway are compounded In his
cents per pound on 23 per cent. of the and machine reapers and binders put ,wn laboratories, under his personal directing.
Snd special remedies are prepared for each In-
Sto work.-American Agriculturist. lividual case according to Its requirements.
-R t__ Dr. Hathaway has prepared a
0 6 S eS S Examint seriesofself-examlnatloMbbil
SBlanks. applying to the different di1ease8
ow to Harvest ice. which he sends free on application. No. or
1i *I). D. McLean, writing to the Men; No.2, for Women; No. .forSkinDisease;
No. 4. for Catarrhal Diseases; No.. .for Kidneys.
.Braidentown News, about harvesting NDr.4HathawayfmakeosnCtchl
rice. has the following to say: GeCoon tati for consultation at either his
According to agreement. I drop you F. N fwTON HATHAWAY M. A
a few lines on rice culture in Florida, Dr. Hathaway & C
or rather on harvesting Florida rice. a Bryan Street, savat-nah. ar .
BIMNTION THIS PAPER WHEN WmrrXO.
As the methods of cultivation vary ac. TIO T PAPE.
cording to the varied soils, each plant- LIqUID IEXTRACT Op SNOaroK.
cr must depend on his own experience An Improvement on the smoke- -u se sy
for the best method of cultivation, I Smoking meat in amoke-house with ll te
woull say, however, that oli settlers delays andannoyances and the constant dsan
Thh% paK a.w.l iris ger of thieves getting the
irnh, pi S ere have told me that rice would meat ls being rapidly done
&a= with et farmers and
need a fatty food to enrich not make on marl hammock land. a it rier become beter
their bood, ive color to l As to harvesting, our method is to a glinted. sty tndhe avl
begin cutting as soon as the head fibres time hat come from mm
t c i ,the Liquid Extractof Smoke prepare
their cheek and restore their have turned brown and ialf way down by B Krauer & Bro., of Mlton, P
The liquiedEn ppie with a brush or"
health and strength. .t is to the head, about what an inexperi- aTe poi d s apied witsah uabrnsh
Sa sponge and there meats can be hung in
sk to say -that they n y ienced person would call half ripe, as t ieveither fo r-lege r rtw ro-l
safe to say thatthey ne y threv either safr-leggor t
the loss is much greater every way on Kausser's Liquid Extract of Bmoe i
tprO from selected hickory Wood
all at ith thr ood. over r ri ce. The grain seems to be It ontel ame ingredients that prefer
softer and the hull adhers more clos- meat when the wood is burned under it in a
smoke-house. It improves the flavor of meat,
ly to the grain, besides the loss in is perfectly healthful and is a better saguar
against Insect than the old way of smoking.
shattering and straw falling. Begin The manufacturers will send circutl to war
l ll 'cutting as soon as the dew is off and one interete,
OF as soon as the straw is fairly wilted Joase Marlen'A
COD UVER OIL let the binding and thrashing begin. e: I M- S OVSE
IW #"iVW1SAM FSLAVE4SM.W Bind in very small bundles; never HAND SEED-BRIL
:ows c Ctrh s oatoalnm Trmae
leave your rice to dry on the sheaf. BntaBags, Onion, mand a ml &
in dr Strsent -n o-, .s ,
is exactly what they retuirm Shock the straw out to cure after It is 1es .t rsenst -. a meSSi.
thrashed; spread it out thin on the
it not Only gives them the tight floor as soon as thrashed to dry: I I
porant element (cod-liver oil) stir frequently to prevent its going intofl PAI j (
ain a l le and aily di- sweat; as soon as thoroughly dry take -
Sin it to the mil, and see what a broad A HOISE A HORSE
0 geSted form, but also the hypo- smile Mr. Harris will put on as soon won'thurtimse. onPage lock Fenc. Wret.
Sphosphites which are so valua- as t begins to rattle through the mill. PAE WOVEE WIn rE NCI CO.. ABBDIAN.ICB.
ble in nervous disorders that 2.7 BOXRAIN COAT
usually accompany anmia. BAD MAN. 27 BOX RAIN COAT
"Isn't a secret drinker terrible?" PMor WRue $2.75
SCOTTS EMULSION is a said the city cousin. END NO SonEY. a e-is
bal eyebef Is" d im" 55 b bs sr
fatty food that is more emily "He's contemptible, little girl," r.- bsssd-atp .m -
Sdigsted tha ayther form sponded her Kentucky relative. "The cues
idea of a man drinking so that he a-ne .aomW7 on ", -
of faL A certain amount of won't have to treat.-Chicago Daily re ief -;i-
V.rke.yo ~w or Is sA
lesh is necessary for health. News. 7fan..i- s i.
You can get it in thi way. T.A- -"iKNI .NIrsratS
THE SIZE OF IT. 1se, e,.y BatUAg, =0d4 116r 1
We have known per- "I want an engagement ring for a I fa leneto dou rBs,
sons to gain a pound a young lady." fa
day while taking it. "Yes, sir. About what size?" otherrhouse. V us r
soc. nd.l-o ldr ugg "I don't know exactly; but .:h can o a Men's Maekint s .to U.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemist*,j4w York. twist me around her little finger, if r*an f** O 'S** o '!
0es OOe00 hr that's any guide."-Tit-Bits. AM y OU UCK e o.n.) HI O
!~~ Immm 4m, mr#
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7r
fULOAL DEPA3TXN T.
Address all communications to th
editor, W. C. Steele, Switerland, Fla
tfestat of Oold.
The year 1900 "came in like a lion,
in this part of the State. The nigh
of the first,'the thermometer wen
down to 26. On the second It did no
get warmer than 88 in the middle o
the day, and by 9 p. m. it was dow
to 32. The next morning it was dow
to 24. Through the day it seemed
warmer, going up to 48 at 2 p. m., bu
at sunset the mercury began to fas
rapidly and at 9 p. m. had reached 2.
and we would not have been at a
surprised to have found it down to 2
the next a. m. But instead, it begas
to grow slowly warmer towards mid
night and at 7 a. m. the fourth, th
thermometer was 81.
The injury the first mght was con
paratively slight, though down to 2
at 7 a. m. it had been so low only
very short time. Coleus had lost al
their leaves, but the stems near th
ground were not killed. A very larg
cassava plant near the house was no
hurt even to the second night of th
freezing except the tips of tende
growth. A seedling Geranium unde
a lath shelter was entirely unhurt u
to sundown the third. The next day al
the leaves were killed and the stem,
badly injured. A good sized Taber
naemontana well banked and covered
with a barrel was only slightly injur
ed the first two nights, the stems wer
not hurt and many of the inside leave
were still green. The third night
killed it to the ground. A Poinciana
pulcherrima and an Acacia lophantha
-stood through the two nights cold, bul
succumbed to the third. A large
clump of Amomum cardamon, the Car
damon plant was as green as ever af
ter two nights of freezing. The morn
ing after the third the leaves were
mostly killed. The stems are not al
dead for some are pushing out new
leaves already. All varieties of cri
nums on my place are killed to the
around or so nearly so. r Crinum nc
pense Is usually hardy and did not
yield this time until the third night
Petunias went through the whole
freeze uninjured. So also did vines of
Maurandia. This seems very strange.
for all appearance the growth is as
tender as anything can be; yet not
even the tip of the vines are hurt.
Lophospermum scandans is also un-
hurt as to its stems and lost only a
few leaves. A very large plant of
Pereskia aculeata, 12 to 13 years old in
open ground, entirely unprotected,
went through two nights of cold with
only the loss of leaves and a few ten-
der'tips. The third night finished it
to the ground.
Mytus tomentosus was killed to the
ground the Inst night Jaaminum hir.
sutum will lose most of its leaves,
and part of some stems. Jasminum
revolutum, the shrubby yellow Jessa-
mine, Is entirely unhurt.
The evidence of this freeze proves
that mny plants usually considered
quite tender, will live through a tem-
perature several degrees below freez-
ing if it does not last long. But a con-
tinued repetition of It proves fatal.
Depth for Planting Lily Bulbs.
This is a subject that has not receiv-
ed proper attention by the flower lov-
ers in Florida as well as elsewhere.
We have never known any varieties
of lilies to bloom freely in Florida ex-
cept the "Bermuda Easter lily," Lillum Greenhouse,' culture directions are
Harrisi, and Lilium longliflorum. given by William Watson, assistant
e Fifteen years ago we got bulbs of curator, Royal Gardens, Kew:
L several varieties of lilies. Of all we 'An open, well-drained soil is the
received only three varieties have sur- most suitable for growing lilies, as,
vived. L. longiflorum, L. lancifolium given good drainage, additions of peat,
," roseum and L. lancifolium rubrum. loam, etc., will make it fit for any
it Of these only the first and last have species. The bulbs should be planted
it ever bloomed. Finally last spring we to a depth of about six inches, a hole
)t concluded they were not planted deep of greater depth having been dug pre-
if enough. We dug out a bed about ten viously and partly filled with specially
n inches deep, filled the bottom with suitable soil.'
n a nice mixture of well rotted stable "Bailey in 'Garden Making,' says:
d manure and soil and planted the bulbs "'L. auratum should be set ten to
it at least six inches below the surface, twelve inches deep; the others from
11 Lilies are very impatient of distlrb- four to six.'
5, ance and when moved do not do so "Of L. candidum he says: 'Set the
11 well, but in spite of that fact, two of bulbs from four to six inches deep.'
0 the Rubrum bloomed this year, the "In an article in 'Garden and For-
n first time in several years. This fall est,' November 11, 1891, E. O. Orpet.
I- we have received from -California and of South Lancaster, Mass., writes:
e Oregon some bulbs of choice native The depth to plant lilies must de-
varieties. These we have planted in a pend largely upon several details
i- bed, with plenty of fertilizer below which it is well- to consider here, but.
6 them, at least eight inches below the at the same time, it must be admitted
a surface, and intend when spring opens there was never a truer word spok-
II to mulch the soil about an inch deep en than that horticulture is necessari-
e with pine straw or grass. ly empirical. Experience does teach,
e Probably most of the failures of lily and it is not all gained in a day, and
.t culture in Florida come from too shal- seldom is lily culture fully mastered.
e low planting of the bulbs. Deep set- I have noticed that some varieties with
r ting is not necessary here to protect small bulbs, will succeed with shallow
r the bulbs from frost but on the con- planting, as for example, L. Wallacei,
p trary to protect them from heat and L. callosum, L. elegais, and, emphat-
I drouth. ically, L. Philadelphicum, which al-
s When they do well they are only ways grows near the surface when
- second to roses in desirability. In rouna wild, while others with small
d fact, it has been a disputed question bulbs, as, for example, L. Columbia-
- from time immemorial which is nun and L. tenuifolfum, need deep
a "Queen of Flowers," the Rose or Lily. planting. * L. Columbianunm
s When we began this we had it in comes from the Pacific coast, and suc-
t mind to use an article from Vick's Mag- ceeds but poorly here in the east. I
Sazine on this subject, but our introduc- have only flowered it when planted
Stion has been drawn out to such length ten or twelve inches deep, and the
t that we have not room left for the ar- same remarks apply to L. Washing-
e tide, especially as ft would fill our tonianun and L. Humboldtii. * L.
- three columns, or the full space of this Martagon is another difficult lily to
-department. We give a part of it, that grow, but I believe it needs stony soil.
-which seems most applicable to this preferably elevated, as on a rocrk-
State: work to make it comfortable. * *
I "Some inquiry being made about the There are still three native lilies that
depth of planting the different kinds are worth growing in the garden, as
-of lily bulbs, alt examination, with the they improve rapidly when given moist
results stated below, has been made soil, and very ornamental-L. super-
- of the teachinas of different nuthori. hul nil il Is. pard"Bll m, the latter a
ties. Many able and practical writers western lily, but perfectly hardy here.
Pass over this feature of Illy culture As to planting, one cannot do wrong
in a very general way, and without with those noted since they grow well
any precise instructions discriminating here, if they are planted eight to ten
in regard to the different species. Such inches deep even where the soil is
writers presumably suppose that much heavy. for this saves the young shoots
is left to judgment of the planter in from injury from frost in the spring.
i'latioll to th Weiillia& situation, the but with thoso that do not succeed
soil, the nature of the climate, and any well in all places, it is best to try them
other conditions which might modify in all positions available, being assured
the practice in any given case. As Mr. that when success is attained it will
Orpet remarks, in a quotation given be worth recording.'
below, horticultural teachings are "In 1891 Carl Purdy, a botanical col-
'necessarily empirical,' and any given lector wrote about California lilies in
rule of garden practice must be con- the 'California Florist.' From this ar-
sidered rather as a general guide, than tide is taken the following:
as a law to be observed to the letter. "'The bulb of L. Hfumboldtil is often
The fact is, that nature operates under a pound in weight and very compact.
many varying conditions, and the lvtal. * i In cnltivation this lily will
ity of both plants and animals asserts thrive in clay loam or sandy loam. In
itself in apparent, If not actual dtsre- hot sections it does best planted in the
gard of the theories of doctors of med- shade. It needs to be planted six
icine, and doctors of horticulture, and inches to a foot deep.'
the results that should never occur, "C. L. Allen, in 1888, wrote in 'Gar-
according to our preconceived ideas, den and Forest,' on 'A Selection of Ltl-
are those that really come to pass. The ies.' Of L. auratum, he says:
wise gardener or horticulturist, as "'Choose the smallest bulbs, those
well as the wise doctor, will make his that are heavy and firm, plant deep-
statements with very much modesty, ly, say eight inches, In the driest part
with many provisos, and in a tentative, of the border, in partial shade, and
rather than a positive manner. With the bulbs will last a number of years.'
these preparatory remarks, let us now "In the same communication he
see what has been published by some says;
of the best authorities on the subject "'L. longiflorum, the trumpet shaped
now in question. lily, is conspicuous among Easter flow-
"In 'Favorite Flower of Garden. nd era, as it is well adapted for forcing.
The popular Bermuda lily belongs to
this species. It thrives well in an
open border, but it is folly to plant it
unless thoroughly protected against
"The same authority, in his excellent
work entitled 'Bulbs and Tuberou
Rooted Plants,' discusses the subject
of lily culture in a very practical and
discriminating manner. He shows
that most of the species that are called
hardy, excepting those that are indige-
nous here, are not truly hardy, and by
acting on this supposition that they
are so, and not affording them winter
protection is the cause frequently of
the loss of the bulbs. He says:
"'It is but proper to remark at this
time, that there is no climate so severe
on any class of bulbs, such as are us-
ually considered hardy, and left in the
open border during the winter, as that
of the Middle Atlantic States. This is
practically applicable to the At.
lantic Coast, from Massachusetts
to Virginia, where the thermom-
eter indicates 40 degrees of
frost, when there is not a particle of
snow on the ground for the protection
of vegetation. In these localities the
frost penetrates the earth to a great
depth, and is soon thawed out. These
constant changes from freezing to
thawing, cause the earth to contract
and expand to such a degree as to fre-
quently tear the bulbs in pieces. We
have known whole folds edoetroyod in
this manner. This shows the mechan-
ical effect of freezing.'
"He then shows that the bulbs of
Tenuifolium are hardy in Siberia,
their native home, where they are
'largely employed as an article of
food,' because there the ground is cov-
ered with snow so deep before it
freezes, 'that frost rarely if ever, en-
ters the ground at all.'
"He says the same is true of the
Martagah lily 'used by the Cossacks
as a vegetable.' With them it is per-
fectly hardy; but a us in a imu-l:
milder climate, it wi.. rarely survive
but a single season, unless protected,
but with that precaution it grown' s wti
much more vigor here than in its na-
tive home. In England, al the Turn's
Cap lilies grow to a size unknown
where they are indigenous. This be-
cause in England. the frost never
reaches them, and the other conditions
of r .owth are more favorable.' Notic-
ing a number of other species he writes
of them in a similar interesting man-
ner, which, however, for lack of space
cannot be here reproduced. He states
the case of a neighbor who had a fan-
cy for Lillum speciosum, lancifoliumm)
and planted a bed of them which he
kept covered in summer with grass cut
from the lawn, which 'grew moderate-
ly well.' In autumn, 'he covered the
bed to a depth of six inches, with
coarse manure, extending over the
grass to double the size of the bed.
The following season there was an
enormous growth; some of the plants
were nearly six feet high, their stems
being an inch or more in diameter at
the base. bearing from twenty to thir-
ty flowers each. of a size and sub-
stance rarely seen.' "
We offer an excellent stock of Citruq trees.
Orange, Lemon. Pomelo
Kumquat. MandPri n s
etc., on various stocks.
small sizes and low rates.
Send for new list just
1 lRemember we are
headquarters in t h
South for Palms. Bam-
boos. Ferns, recorat;v
0s and Ornamental plant.
fr. of all sorts. Catalo e
free. REASONER BROS., Oneso. 7i.
T2 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the postofee at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E. O. Painter. John McKinney.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the beat in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
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Articles relating to any toic within the
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All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffi
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sponsible in case of loss. When person
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Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
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Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers w writing to have the ad-
dress of their papr ch MUST give the
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We now have an offe in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to se any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 31, 1900.
Humus and EMoiture.
Prof. P. H. Rolls, late of the Florida
Agricultural college, has held some
radical and heterodox views, and the
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower says
that it believes the following from his
pen, in the Rural New Yorker, will
not fall to elicit contradiction:
"Our experience, both scientific and
practical, forces the conclusion upon
us that Florida soil is very different
'from any other in the eastern United
States. The amount of moisture actu-
ally needed in the soil to produce a
good crop of fruit is less than one-fifth
of that required in New York, and the
amount necessary to soak it is also
much less. During extremely dry
weather the soil rarely becomes so de-
pleted of moisture that one will not
find moist sand in the field by dig-
ging down from three to six inches.
When humus is added to the soil it
acts like a sponge, taking the water
up, and causes the soil to appear ac-
tually dry, when really it contains the
same amount of moisture that it did
before the humus was added. Humus
acts further as a porous medium, sep-
arlating the-paMr ieteq of sand and in-
r in. aPtttn of moisture.
'Btides this, land rich in humus're-
quires twice or three times as great
a per cent. of moisture as soil rather
deficient of humus. Thus, during the
dry season, htumus in the soil would
cause it to become thirsty, and in-
crease the radiation. During the rainy
season the humus becomes filled with
moisture, but falls to let it filter
thrqTgh as the sand does, thus tend-
,-'M. to ot og the supply of air and to
'iSw t'te plants It has been definite-
ly ascertained by reliable methods that i
the percentage of water present in
sandy soils during the rainy season is
only slightly above the per cent. dur-
ing the dry season, but in the soils
rich in humus we find them to be what
is locally known as "water sobbed"
during the rainy season, and during
the dry season they are ex-
cessively dry. Peach orchards in Flor-
ida planted on muck lands or on clay
lands do fairly well for a short time.
but are liable to be short-lived and a
very irregular stand.
"Both experience and scientific
teaching lead us to believe that pine-
straw, crabgrass, oak leaves and other
vegetable matte" should *ior hI, plow-
ed under as is freliuently lone in the
stiff clay lands of the North. If tl.hse
substances are used, they should nev-
er be used in any otner w..\% than
mulching, or applied afnrr 'lavi-ll .ien
composted. The question as to wheth-
er the using of this organic matter as
a mulching is profitable will have to
be decided by the individual case.
Like the hauling of muck on to fruit
and vegetable lands, which at one
time was quite popular in Florida, the
hauling of organic matter to orchards
and groves must be classed as a
"harmless amusement." That there is
not some advantage from both of these
pleasures cannot be denied, but the
whole matter of fruit growing is not
one of sentiment, but whether it will
bring the returns in dollars and cents.
Putting it on this basis, we must put
it on the doubtful class, to be decid-
ed by the individual location and con-
dition. From what has been said
above, it should not be inferred that
the pure white soils of the sand dunes
are'the ideal ones for peach growing,
but rather those that have been suffi-
ciently subdued by vegetation to grow
a first-class crop of long leaf pine, and
at the same time well drained, are in
about the right condition for men to
transform into a peach orchard."
Benefits of Grove Protection in Call-
John E. Bennett, writes to Harper's
Weekly an article describing the shed
built over the Everest Iancho at Riv-
erside, from which we clip the follow-
Experience has shown that the roof
makes a difference of 5 degrees be-
tween the temperature beneath it and
beyond It. In other words it makes
the difference which determines the
saving of a crop where otherwise it
would be lost. And not only is the
crop destroyed but the young shoot
are wilted as well, and the growth and
full bearing power of the tree are cut
back for three years. During the past
winter the thermometer on the out-
side of the cover ranged many nights
at 20 degrees, and occasionally fell to
22 degrees and sometimes, during ear-
ly morning, as low as 20 degrees. Or-
anges of all varieties upon exposed
trees were badly bitten, the only ones
escaping being those far in tthe foliage
of the trees; those under cover, how-
ever, came out perfectly free from ev-
en taint of the low temperature.
The trees beneath the roof are of
course perfectly secure from harmful
disturbance of the winds. Moreover
they do not become attacked by the
dust which the winds carry, which
seemingly in some manner interferes
with the growth of the fruit, and at
least necessitates washing the oranges
after picking and before sending to
market, entailing considerable labor
resulting in less fresh appearing fruit.
The covered oranges are strong and
hale, solid, juicy, of full sweetness.
They are in quality nearly a grade
above the oranges that grow upon the
outside. The ordinary falls from the
tree are about half as many in the cov-
ered orchard as compared with the
trees on the outside, wherefore the
covered trees yield larger crops. But
one of the greatest advantages of the
covered method is that the ground can
do with an application of about half
as much water as is required without
the roof. This is a country where suc-
cess in horticulture is largely a matter
of water, and where water is scarce
is a consideration of no slight moment.
It may cost one hundred dollars to ir-
rigate an orchard of this size, and it
may require ten applications of water
per year, but there have been times
under most water systems whlien the
fluid was not to be had for any sum,
and crops were short or were lost be-
cause of shortage of water. In such
a contingency, if any crop matured,
it would be that of the orchard under
roof. The wind currents being arrest-
ed beneath the cover, they do not car-
ry away the moisture-laden atmos-
phere close to the ground and replace
it with dry air, which again draws
moisture, as is the case in groves with-
out a roof; and again the strong sun-
shine being shut out, moisture is not
drawn off in this way, and the sur-
face of the land is not baked and hard-
ened. requiring frequent cultivating,
as is the case with the opeq orchards.
The arbors are built of redwood. be-
Ing comprised of posts, laths, strips,
braces and wire. The posts are 18
feet long, set three feet in the ground,
which allows 15 feet in the clear. They
are placed 21 feet 3 inches apart,
Girders well braced are then drawn
back and forth, after which the entire
frame is strung with wires which
mesh the structure in two directions.
These wires are drawn as taut as pos-
sible, a mechanism being used for the
purpose. Strips are then nailed along
the stringers on top of the wires,
whereupon the entire frame is perfect-
ly tight and strong, so that it will not
fall, and cannot be blown apart. Such
a skeleton will stand secure through
the swellings and contractions due to
rains and dry weather, and will not
work or sway in the heaviest storms.
The frame being built up, there is
next stretched over it lengths of ordi-
nary chicken fencing woven upon a
lathing machine, held together by
double strands of wire. The laths are
woven one lath's width apart, and
they are laid on in rolls of 100 laths
each. It requires 500 laths to a tree,
or 50,000 laths to an acre of 100 trees.
About $7,500 was expended in cover-
ing the seventeen acres, or $450 per
acre. A covering will stand intact.
and without substantial repair, for
twenty years. Its annual cost there-
fore. may be reckoned at $850, being
$375 as one-twentieth part of the ac-
tual cost and $450 per year upon the
amount expended, as interest. The
saving of one crop, however, would
pay for the whole of the construction;
but even supposing that there may be
no losses upon the outside from frosts
or winds in twenty years, then the su-
perior fruit produced by the cover, the
saving in water, and the larger crops
would more than pay the amount of
annual expense as computed above.
And what is more, the grower can car-
ry around with him a mind free from
anxiety and worry lest his crop. might
be lost by a change in the weather.
His roof is an Insurance; for if the
weather becomes severely cold instead
of lighting fires to spread smoke
or throwing expensive steam jets here
and there through the rows, as has
heretofore been the method, he will
top the cover with light canvas, where-
upon the thermometer may safely go
as low as it is possible for it to de-
scend in the California Valley climate.
It will cost many millions of dollars
to cover the orange orchards of Cali-
fornia, but when this is done the crops
will be absolutely secure against fail-
ure, and the orange growing industry
will be as certain in its returns as any
industry in the world.
Porto Rico's Oompetitton.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Will you not please write at once to
the members of the Senate Committee
on Porto Rico in opposition to the pro-
posed free trade with this island?
Porto Rico is a land blessed with
so marvelous fertility and such favor-
ed climate as to produce not only cof-
fee, sugar and tobacco, but all pineap-
ples, oranges, lemons, limes and early
vegetables of all descriptions in great
profusion of finest quality. Wages
are from 10 cents to 30 cents a day;
the bulk of the people live at a cost of
only 5 cents per day. Such was the tee'
timony of commissioners from the is-
land, and others before the Senate
Committee last week.
To admit all Porto Rican products
duty free would simply give the Porto
Rico planter a bonus of $30 per ton
on sugar. $700 per ton on tobacco and
correspondingly sums on all other pro-
ducts. And this would be at the ex-
pense of similar American agricultural
industries without compensating bene-
fits, for it has been proved under re-
ciprocal treaties that the tropics ex-
ported to the United States from 2 to
4 times as much as they imported.
This country has little to gain and
much to lose, especially as to agricul-
ture, by free trade with Porto Rico.
Moreover, such a course would Inevit-
ably be a stepping stone later to free
trade with Cuba and the Philippines,
which would be disastrous to gigantic
domestic agricultural and manufactur-
At a hearing before that Committee
on Saturday we gathered that that
Committee is positive that Congress
has absolute power to do as it pleases
with Porto Rico, but is not yet decid-
ed whether to favor free trade, a modi-
fled tariff or the present full tariff.
It is imparatively necessary there-
fore that the voice of the people be
heard by this Committee; hence this
urgent request to you to write at once
as above. Herbert Myrlck.
Georgia parties have purchased
,C 0.000 worth of pine timber from the
Copley Lumber Company, on the Oc--
lawaha river, and will, in the very
near future, begin the erection on the
river and in this county of one of the
most extensive sawmill plants in the
South. It will employ about 200 hands
and will have a capacity of 12,000.000
feet of lumber per annum. The head
office will be at Ocala, and the officers
with their families will reside here.
The sale of the timber was negotiated
by Ocala parties, and embraces one of
the largest transactions in the history
of the county.-Oeale Star.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 73
The Winter Duck Yard.
Ducks delight in tree access to wa-
ter, although thousands of Pekins are
raised with only enough water to
drink and none to swim in. While
this is a fact better results are usual-
ly obtained where the ducks have free
access to water, especially during the
A duck will eat almost anything,
from a shoe sole to horse nails. But
for satisfactory results, good sound
food should be given, especially bulky
food. The Pekin is a very timid bird,
therefore great care should be exercis-
ed in handling. The duck house should
be in two parts, one for feeding and
one for roosting. No roosting poles are
used. of course, therefore the floor
should be well littered with straw or
anything that is dry. The water
should be given in vessels so that the
bird can only dip its bill therein, or a
swimming pond will soon be made
around it. If a stream of water is at
hand, then the yards can run down to
it and a portion enclosed. A fence
two and one-half feet high will confine
them. It given their liberty they will
not require any food from the owner
for six months of the year.
Feed very little hard food to ducks.
They do not have a crop like a chick-
en, and hard food is not readily assim-
ilated. Ducks can be allowed to range
at all seasons of the year except when
snow is on the ground. They will com-
menee to lay from January 1 to April
1, according to the food and care. If
early eggs are desired, the birus must
be kept reasonably warm and fed for
eggs. Probably the average number of
eggs laid per year by the Pekin is 100,
although 150 are occasionally reported.
Ducks lay early in the morning, sel-
dom after 8 o'clock, while the bulk of
eggs are laid between 5 and 7 o'clock.
Six eggs per week can usually be ex-
pected, although frequently they will
lay 100 eggs in 110 days. During the
fall and winter the food may consist
of corn meal, wheat bran, and boiled
vegetables. Half the quantity should
be vegetables. Scald before feeding
by mixing in the corn meal and bran
while the potatoes are hot. But do
not have it sloppy. As the birds near
the laying period, meat should be add-
ed, say from 12 to 25 per cent. Grit
should be. very. necessary, and green
food should not be omitted during the
laying season. Birds that have their
liberty may be allowed to gather their
own green food, but do not omit the
meat during the laying season. Never
feed more than is eaten up quickly.-
J. C. Clipp in Orange Judd Farmer.
tGREGORY'S NEW VEGETAb,-.3.
Many Startling Improvements Pictured
in a Notable Book.
Messrs. James J. H. Gregory & Son,
Marblehead, Mass, who have forty
years occupied a leading position
among the seed growers of the Unit-
ed Satei have issued their 1900 cata-
logue. It is a booK that must prove of
great utility to. the vegetable, flower
and small fruit grower, whether his
crops are f-, home consumption or for
the nriket. There are many new va-
rieties shown, and some startling im-
provements among the vegetables best
known are vividly pictured in numer-
ous finely executed photographic re-
productions. The florist will also find
mutch to Interest and instruct in the
handsomely illustrated pages given up
to seeds and plants. Messrs. Gregory
& Son are liberal to their patrons in
prices and discounts, and fully war-
rant all their seeds as well as guaran-
teeing their safe arrival, prepaying
charges on all package sales ordered
for mailing. The American Express
office will receive orders for Gregory
seeds wherever that company has an
office, and will give a special rate,
lower than their commercial billings.
DO YOU NEED AN ELECTRIC
For the past ten years, Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway, who is recognized as
the greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt, suit-
able to use in his practice, one which
he could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
conscientiously guarantee. He now
announces that he has perfected such
a belt, which he believes to be the only
perfect belt made. It is light, hand-
some, and of great'poer, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for every case. He is prepared to
furnish this belt to all patients who
need it and who apply to him for treat-
ment, at merely a nominal charge.
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and he will write
you all about the belt, and if you de-
sire the belt will senl it C. .0 D. for
inspection. Addresig r. Hathaway &
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.
"THE HECKLOV NEST BOX."
Is Just the iblng. I .hosato a eOtqlnty
which hen lays and eee gghelays. Al.
pedigrees poultry. rII'thilg else like It
ireat money m maker. poultry raisers must
use it to be successful. Don'twaste time ad
money feeding dr .ues, use this valuable in-
vention; cull them out and keep .our layers
Age ts wa ited everywhere. Big ploflts (70
percent.) Quickest eller out. 8-no c stamp
at once for illustrated descriptive booklet
giving fuil Information, and secure terri-
tory. Address, J. P. HECK, Lock Box 65.
Pittsfie d. 111.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 5 cents; three weeks 60 cents.
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
glous and piws mlt o.e.
37tf E. W. Amuden, Ormond, Fia.
VILLA LA k 1i; U S- R.Ia.8.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting S varieties of S and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
WANTED:-to exchange a Flour Mill
near Toledo, Ohio for real estate prop-
erty in Florida. Capacity of mill about
50 bbls. per day. Parties having prop-
erty to offer will please address their
letters to "Flour Mill" Care Agricultur-
slt, DeLand. Fla. 46 tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
FOR SALE-Grapefruit, Tangerine and Or-
ange trees. so selected varieties, extra
large two-years' and first-class one-year's
buds at the Winter Haven Nurseries.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fl. 4tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500. budded. B-x 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
SALT STCK. Cured for one dollar or mnn-v
rsfnded. WV I1. MaXnn. Manville. Fla
BRONZE TITRKEVS. P kin Du'+s. Black
l, ig-h.in, Indian Games. Itmrred. R. ff
and White "lymonth Ro-ks. Ergs in sea-
son. Mrs. W. H. MA'N. Mannville, Ft1.
EGGS POR HATCHING- liver Laced Wy-
andttes. Rr,'wn l.ehornm. 5 for .00. 30
fori .75, o forS?.00. W. P. WOOLWOR H.
I ls,iton City. Flu 4tf
SE% SHELLS--Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of If, all diffeenT,
for 25c. otptd W P WoODJWORTH,
Disnton City. Fla. 4tf
FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST QUALITY. LOWEST PRICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
All the Standard Vnrleties of Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums.
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mullwrries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes. Or,
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applies-
THE GRIFFING BROS. CO.. V"L4 DA
Ottv office anid Orominds. 114 Main ,t.
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
8PR YINGN OUTFITS,
and everything in Grove and I'arm Implements anid Supplies
Poultry Netting w s an Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARR IRA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PIUPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
$*.**.***********.11** *$"*-***"*" "**^ '
SRBEIOGHT' PIBPAID ON TBILES. 4
+ Strictly high-clas sto ck. Warranted true to name. Free from
+ all Injurious insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care tn
S SOU VARETIRS. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches. Pears
+ Plums, Kaki, Nuts, Grapes, Figs, Mulberries &ce. Also Rom
* and Ornamentals.
+ 17 YEA8 established. Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Free.
* Estimates furnished. No Agents.
X ITL*'IT r, mPrp. OLTEN SF. AemyV NIUrMIRIBmR.
sign Sa MSar, lstriids.
IKXiUTKD Im ........
HR LATTET DBSIONS OF
ron Fel oftin - -
I'or cemetery and '.wn enclusur
All work guaranteed. Priees-reasona .e.
(orre.pond wih ;; :; ;:
G,6O. R. NICHOLS a CO.
o6 Harrison aseet.
rA MPJ PORICA
Fruits and Flowers"
The Summit Nursenes make a specialty or
iATSUMA AND OTHER ORA.nGE' Ob
drafted Pecans. Field-Grews oses and a lul
'in of other Fruit Trs, hrubbery, Etc.
Price. Low: Freight Paid
D. PIERSON, Prop.
Moeeleslle. FVa j
A QUICK CURE FOR
COUGHS AND COLDS
Very valuable Remedy in all
affections of the
THROAT or LUNGS
Large Bottles, 250.
DAVIS & LAWRENCB CO., Limiti,
Pro:-s of Perry Pavis' Pain-Killer
74 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address all communications to Household
Deportment AgricultIurt a F.
A HELPFUL GnOPRg.
Flannel Bhirt Waists.
The craze for French flannel shirt
waists is more than a fad, for the gar-
ments are so comfortable that dame
fashion predicts they have come to
stay in all weathers but the very hot-
The newest models are made quite
plain, with but slight fullness in front.
the welt trimmed with buttons, the
sleeves small and fitted snugly by a
back seam coming from wrist to elbow
English military red and cadet blue
are the favorite colors, and brass but-
tons, jet and cut crystal buttons are
seen upon them, not for ornament, but
to be used with bona fide button holes.
In figured flannels come a large as-
sortment from 49c to $1 a yard, dainty
colorings to suit all tastes, but those
who have but one or two waists favor
the plain colors as most desirable.
A "hard times" waist that has come
to my notice is worthy a description
In these columns. It was made over
from a cream twilled flannel outing
shirt, the man of the house discarded
long ago, as a souvenir of his courting
days, and altogether too fine for a son
of the soil, the good wife, however.
saw waist possibilities in it and get-
ting a modish pattern planned and puz-
zled until by piecing the top of the
sleeves and concealing the piecing by
a group of tiny tucks It was at last
accomplished. The front and sleeves
were buttoned with brass buttons, and
about the linen collar was knotted a
bias tie of yellow wash silk. This made
a handsome waist, but growing tired
of washing it so often she decided to
dip it into "diamond dyes," and trans-
form it into the fashionable Eng;!qh
red. This was successfully accom-
plished, using 'fast scarlet for wool;"
the buttons looking as well of course
as upon white. The necktie was also
dyed at the same time taking a some-
what darker hue, but none the less
The waist is now ready for indefi-
nite wear and need not be washed of-
Military blue is obtained by a med-
ium dip in fast indigo.
A. B. W.
Politeness at Home.
It is significant to observe how some
men fail to know how to treat their
wives and sisters when they meet
them, says the Pacific Rural Press.
It seems to them quite unnecessary to
lift their hats, or to give their nearest
and dearest the courtesy they would
freely render to any woman outside of
the domestic circle. This should not be
and the sooner a revolution is accom-
plished the better. The ablest and
most persuasive treaties on the eti-
quette of the home will not be able by
Itself to work the change, although
it would be helpful toward that end.
What is needed Is the right training of
boys and girls. Courteous behavior
should be enforced by parents in the
same way as other good qualities are
taught. One of the most successful
instructors of the young in our day
bears this testimony: "People com-
plain of the way children behave and
lay the blame of their behavior on the
day school; but if they would only
make the children do at home as they
require to do in school, matters would
be different. They laugh at the child
when he lifts his hat or says 'Please'
or 'Thank you,' forgetting that others
are trying to make up for their neg-
lect of duty." This word in season
should stir up parents to a sense of the
importance of cultivating by percept
and example the requirements of do-
Helpful Hints for Baking Day.
Let us commence these receipts with
'the dough raised ready to mold into
loaves, as a good quality of dough
made by any good process is all that is
required; but the success of these re-
ceipts will depend greatly on the qual-
ity of the bread dough out of which
they are made. It should not be al-
pression. This is a good test for any
kind of bread.
Steamed Pudding.-Take a cupful of
dough, mix in an egg, some French
currants and raisins, let rise and
steam for an hour. To be eaten with
rhubarb sauce and cream, or any pre-
ferred pudding sauce.
Pulled Bread.-Dlvide a small loaf of
dough into six parts. Roll these parts
into straight even lengths, as long as
a good sized bread-pan; press all these
strands together at one end, and weave
them into a braid to form one loaf.
Put this into a broad bread pan; press
it in so that it fills the pan on all sides.
Rub a little melted butter over it, so
no crust forms while rising. Let it
rise quite light. Bake in rather quick
oven for about half an hour. Let it
C HO ICE Vegetables
will always find a ready
market-but only that farmer
can raise them who has studied
the great secret how tp ob-
tain both quality and quantity
by the judicious use of well-
balanced fertilizers. No fertil-
izer for Vegetables can produce
a large yield unless it contains
at least 8% Potash. Send for
our books, which furnish full
We send them
cool wr a quarter ex an nour. Tear a
lowed to rise extremely light or any apart in the long slender strips of free Of Charge.
attempt with the formulas will a
partial failure, the breads will be off
taste and coarse in grain. The quan-
tity of dough required is abdut what
eight pints of wetting will make. Out
of this can be made French rolls, cin-
namon rolls and buns (these are made
from the same mixture), tea biscuits,,
steamed pudding, pulled bread, plum I
cake, bread cake, spiced cake and chil- I
which it was composed before it was
baked. Put these strips on a tin bak-
ing pan and set them in a hot oven for
15 minutes, when they should be quite
crisp and of a light brown color. They
are nice served with morning coffee.
and the cheese course at dinner.-
dren's rusks. The Care of Shoes.
French Rolls.- Take-three parts of I Shoes are a large item in a woman's
the dough, a half cupful of butter, one I expense account and a large item in
cupful of sugar, work it well, using as her personal appearance. The econom-
little flour as possible; as rolls require ical woman possesses several pairs of
to be thinner than lightbread. Roll shoes. A change about is restful to
out until about an inch in thickness the feet and saves wear and tear on
and cut into cakes with a tumbler,
fold each one into a half circle and
pinch the edges well together, place
with the folded edge down in the pan,
close together, brush over with melted
butter to make the crust tender, let
rise till double their size. Bake in a
moderately hot oven for three-quarters
of an hour.
Cinnamon Rolls.-Take two pints of
dough, two eggs, a lump of lard twice
the size of an egg, one cupful of sugar,
mix thoroughly, and divide into halves.
Roll out one part to half an inch,
spread with butter, sprinkle with cin-
namon and grated nutmeg; scatter a
cupful of raisins or French currents
over it, and begin at one edge and roll
up; cut with a knife into sections
about an inch and a half deep. and
place on their ends in a pan: let rise
very light, bake about twenty min-
utes. This quantity fills a jelly canepan
nicely. Before the sections are placed
the boots. She tries to have on hand
always a pair of heavy walking boots,
a pair of lightweight boots, a pair of
house shoes, fles or slippers, accord-
ing to taste, and a pair of bedroom
slippers, also a-pair of footholds and a
pair of strong overshoes.
Calfskin boots need good honest at-
tention. They should be kept clean
and blacked as trimly as a man's. This
can be done at home, or by the profcs-
sional at the shop where they have
been purchased, says an exchange.
Laced shoes should be snugly laced
so as to keep the wrinkles around the
ankles from getting loose and shape-
less. Several pairs of laces should be
kept in a woman's emergency box, for
a knotted shoe lace is an abomination.
A buttoned shoe should be worn as
snugly about the ankle as possible
with comfort, and the buttons kept on
w-ith religious fervor. Shoe thread is
after all better than the patert fahsten-
in the pan each end should be pinched ers. although requiring more attention.
securely over the fruit to prevent it because the fasteners are often clum-
Buns.-Roll the other half of this
mixture also to a half inch and cut in-
to small cakes, less than two inches in
diameter, place on a well floured
board. uncovered; let rise quite light.
They will now have a crust on top.
Lift with a broad bladed knife and
sy. sometimes they tear the leather.
and buttons cannot as readily be ad-
justed from one position to another if
they are. used.
All leather will wear better if an oc-
casional generous bath of yellow vase-
line is given it. A quantity may be
rubbed on and into the !ealthr, then
drop crusted side down into boiling this carefully rubbed off and the loss
lard and fry to a nice brown. Sprinkle restored by a brisk polishing with tlhe
with cinnamon and sugar. palm of the hand. This is th3 best pos-
Tea Biscuits.-Take two quarts of sible method for keeping a patent
the dougll. add a heaping tablespoon- leather shoe in good condition. Keep
ful of sugar, enough tepid water to them well rubbed with vaseline. never
dissolve the sugar, and two heaping put them on until a soft rubbing with
tablespoonfuls of 'butter. Mix well a flannel or the hand has warmed and
and roll half inch thick, making it softened the leather, keep them put
first into two parts; spread one part away, rolled in flannel or cotton.
with butter, lay the other rolled part from extremes of heat and cold, and
on this, cut into biscuits four inches in keep the toes stuffed into shape with
diameter, place in a large pan, let rise wads of cotton between wearing.
till twice their thickness, spread with If these precautions with patent
melted butter and bake in a quick oven leather shoes or slippers are taken.
without sticking with a fork. Break they will, if originally of good material
one open, press with the finger: if last an indefinite period without crack-
done the dough will spring out again; ing or dulling in luster.
if not, there will remain a slight de-' White or light cl6red alIppers should
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York.
be cleaned after every wearing with
one of the little rubber glove cleaners;
This takes off the dust gathered in
dancing or walking and leaves them
fresh for the next occasion. Once in
awhile a cleaning by the professional
will be necessary.
All shoes should be kept in a cup-
board while not in use. Light slippers
and house shoes should be stuffed in
the toes with cotton to keep their
shape. A boot must never be put
away wet, nor dried quickly near a
fire or furnace heat. This dries and
soon ruins the leather. A boot should
be turned upside down or on its side
to dry in a warm atmosphere, and al-
lowed to take Its time. After drying,'
the vaseline bath and rubbing will us-
ually bring a soaked boot into present-
things *be lddsso munt
to the charm of the dA
room or boudoir a the sot;;
Nothing will contribute more to th
teaor diar. RThe bedti s
mot elaborate function-for co-
atoruansio. Made in llol.o
an the most delicate tints by
6TbNDARD OIL C0.
and sold eerywhere.
sThoud of ganrden-
snadeped on fer'sn ee
every year and never Msar
disappointment. Cheap Dubot
S tes bring loss, not paying crop.
It pays to pay a little more for
R & Iy'.SaM. Five cent per piper
everywhere and always worth tL
Alws theBer t. l00seed Annalfre.
** I K _Vt&-9., KTW,- m
TRUSSES, 6aQh 1.25 AND UP
we are "lle the Dat M110 *T* *
at ACAoM ILY sC than onesur |
othe ic chr by Other ad WI
weter younu o~r as or Ou *I2 No
twi KtvrJie JusA Irj illurstrated above. eutthit
ad. out and sendltOuaslthlOC WSLI rPlMuass4
state T.,nr light, Weitt, Je,. how long you have been
rupturnl. whethlR r Mpture IN large or alli aloa state
number inchee aroud the body on a ine with the
rupture, say whether rupture ts on right or let side,
and we will send either trau to you with the under-
standing. If It sa~ a ps"lt t ad equal l Irows t1at
tail at three te~ ear prieyou ein rs It and we
will return your money.
WHITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE e, rn i es
.' tmJ. including the New $16. Ia Tr CI 71
thtam aosat aay eam, al w- -eMll r3e 2 .
erE 8KARS, ROIEBUCK & 00. =7
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
POULTRY DEPARTKENT. number of eggs obtained proportion-
ately, although it is not advisable to
Address all o manaications to Poultry D.- have the flocks smaller than ten hens
.anment. Box soo. DeLand. Fla. and one cock. The size of the flock
should depend upon what may be the
Poultry Experiments. object of the breeder. If eggs only are
People are generally interested to desired, as many as thirty hens may
know what breed lays the most eggs, be kept together in a building ten b3
but comparatively few know or think twenty feet, and they will lay if right
of the fact that some breeds may ly managed. while no cocks at all wil
yield more food value in weight con- be necessary. The eggs from hens not
trained in fewer eggs, than another in company with cocks will keep twice
breed puts into a consil-erably lag1.', as long as those that are fertile. I'
The number of eggs is only a part
of what we should know of the egg
production, therefore in order to be
able to judge of the relative merit of
breeds, the weight, as well as the num-
ber of eggs, should' be known. Then,
if the amount of Tood consumed is
known, the data is at hand to deter-
mine which of the breeds have re-
turned the most for food consumed,
and which one has therefore been the
most profitable food producer.
In order to collect some data on this
point, the North Carolina experiment
station made careful weights of the
eggs from different yards, for the first
six months of last year, and found that
the heaviest eggs are from ducks.
These weigh nearly two and a quarter
pounds to the dozen. The light
Brahnias lay the largest hen's eggs and
these are one and three-quarters
pounds per dozen. The lightest eggs
are from Leghorn pullets, a little under
one and one-eighth pounds per dozen.
On what other article of food will peo-
ple be content to pay the same price
for what may vary over fifty per cent
in value? Or what producer of mer-
chantable produce of any other kind
will consent to supply all the way up
to fifty-five per cent. more than mar-
ket value and not think to add to the
standard price for additional value?
The same bulletin says it is perhaps
an open question whether the flavor of
articles of food ever reappears in the
eggs produced by hens.
The facts will not be denied for milk
after a cow has been regaled on a
fresh pasture containing wild onions.
Neither will it after the cow is fed
turnips, or cabbage, within a few
hours before milking. The flesh is also
probably tainted, and we have heard
reports of fried chicken flavored with
onions from the recent feeding of the
In March, 1iB% Ia experiment was
begun to find if a small proportion of
chopped onion salad with the poultry
food would flavor the eggs sufficiently
to be noticeable, and if so, how long a
time would be required to make the
B flavor noticeable; and, third, how long
can the flavor be detected after the
onions are left out 6f faod.
The conclusions are that it is prob-
able that no eggs after a week's absti-
nence, are ill-flavored with onions;
that flavors can be fed into fowls and
that to insure ine-flavored eggs it is
necessary to restrict runs enough so no
considerable amount of the food can
be of such a character as to yield ill-
The Flock and Their Quarters.
The greatest of all temptations to
resist is that of crowding in the poul-
try house. The majority of toulttry-
men, in order to save expense of build-
ings and yards, usually put too many
hens together in one flock. It is false
economy, for what is gained in spreee
Is lost in product. The smaller the
number of hens together the larger the
UUL is mucII o r ituan a w screen. -
The former prevents the hen you wish MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
to keep in from seeing the others when
they are eating and exercising, and
she is consequently less restless thar Florida a-n /. Ueer serie
if she saw all that was going on out New York o e cloes connec-
side.-Farm and Fireside. tloslonsvith se rsda le
Phila- J afH cksonville Theredays
4:25 p. m.. or Fernandina
S delphia & 6 p. m., via Cimberiand
A Successful Egg Produer's Way. route; supper en route.
We feed a mash in the morning con- St Passenzers on arrival at
sisting of one-half shorts, one-fourtk rom Brnswik direct to ransoard gneame
New York. aboard Ateamer.
chopped cooked vegetables, and a -ws t
night grain, either wheat, rye or corn PaoPOSED MAILINGS for Jan 1900.
A hen likes a change in food-and if NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA. DIRECT TO NEW YORK LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY A FOLLOWS:
one has a good cellar, a pile of sods in FRIDAY A' LLOWS:
one corner will afford a feast as well S. S. COLORADO ................ ..... ........ Friday, January, 5
as eoorolm. S. S. RIO GRANDE .............. ............ .. Friday, January 12
i3i POIOIA- ................ . ...... ,,.,. rl Fiday, J l a 19
Every morning the drop boards are
cleaned-a coal hod, a short-handled
hoe, and a boy for the motive power.
We have never been troubled with
lice. The roosts are 6f sassafras, the
nests are cleaned often and sometimes
filled with hay or pine needles, or saw
dust. but always liberally sprinkled
with sulphur. We raise from 50 to 150
chicks a year. We keep about forty
hens through the winter, selling the
rest by middle of January. Our eggs
are sold at the door from 14c to 38c
per doz. Poultry, live weight, 9 to 10c
per pdund, dressed, 12 to I6e. We set
hens and also use a small incubator.
I like the brooders very much-the
chicks are as strong and they are so
tame and easily handled.-American
RIO GRANDE ...... ................... .... .. Friday, Jan. 26
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO RUNS WICK. STEAMERS LEAVE PIER k
I:. R.. EVERY FRIDAY. 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to any railroad agt, ora to
nIASIL GILL. 220 W. Bay Street, Jackscnville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent. Brunswick. Ga..
c T. Ma.llorv & Co.. general Agent. Pier 2 E. R. and 3 Broadray. 1 Y
AVE, YOU EIT ER1 AN ORCHARD OR GB0I0B?
Have von anything to do w'th either Pruits or Vegetables?
Then keep in touch with your work by utiscribing for the
American Fruit and Veeftable Journal,
Published at 711 Masonic T, mp e, Ch c igo. Ill.
Ali departm-nts of the Fruit and Vegetable Imslness llscussed by practical, expcritoacc
S We wl l 'enihis pxre'lent paper absolutely free for one year to
all new suh-cribers to this paper. and to a'l old subser bers ptying
f their subscription oin- year In idvanee. Both papers for the pice
of one. send your subscription to this office while this ofer is
open. HiBoh pap.rr. ~0M.-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
the eggs are intended for hatching pur
poses, ten or twelve hens and one
cock may be kept in a building ten by
ten feet. There is another difficulty in
the evil of overcrowding, which is that
in all flocks there are cross or domi-
neering hens, and they compel the
more timid ones to keep at a distance
to the rear, the consequence being that
when feed is given some of the hens
wi'l secure more than their share,
while others will not derive enough.
IDisease also often results from over-
-rowding, and In summer the animal
heat renders the poultry house uncom-
fortable, while lice will certainly ap-
pear unless the sanitary regulations in
regard to cleanliness are strictly .ob-
served. A roomy, not too large nest
having a bottom of rather soft mater-
ial, resting on dirt, with plenty of
straw well packed about the sides,
should be used. Such a nest, especial-
ly at this season is very desirable, re-
taining as ft does the heat for a much
longer time than a carelessly made one
of loose hay in a box. The best recep-
tacle for a nest, where one has plenty
of room, is an ordinary flour barrel.
Cut in the Bide a hole large enough for
one hen to pass through, and then
hinge a small door to open or shut at
pleasure. The advantages of suck
nests are that nothing can be more se
eluded. There are no drafts of cole
air through cracks into the nest, anc
they are easily inspected It not made
too deep. while there is ample space
for any hen within the barrel. A
door that prevents the hen from seeing
i uu L i
NNYROYAL PILLS mt t wt" .MuE mo Mn d.
SmPnsa se calds. 11MAiS
Ssgiu h Alr l e oUTIonhoaut with wit.hl 0asmm b alud ad VT
i i buadnMg iufosed. Trimmed aIlla oenelrtth
l lt Uth bl e. Take flr ead hrt e re. hreavmi Inrttld awth wnltl
o rkonie, FM.a.ti. I an and fiber ebuiota WiWuremts k orY. pYi
baL 1 ,e S ixtl uts b- L _nm
4eI halvre80p'... SEPARATOR and POWERS
... a Ire b. .. with Ceea.f. .,t. hA e
*OF SMK se
VMeqat anmohed in asfw Iots twi oth
IKRAUSERS'LIQUID EXTRACT O L SUOE. a"a pewue Gi
NAne ora h" H mo im Ier. e-4sa r. cM Nd n (w,. m
r. l i j ft rm IIB CI LU4 mw. a, r a r. FA
Please note that I have transfer red my seed business from Gaineaville Zo
+ to Jacksonville, Fla. I can nov offer special inducemeLts to pur- .4
+ chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc. :
I have 800 pounds . . . . . . . . . .
Forf6 Cqr@oghe See 6.
for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquirles to
S3--- P. F. WILSON,
4 '- Care E. 0. Paintn" &A Co., JACKIONVILE, FLA. .
7e THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
SANTA ANN.A'8 TRBBASURL.
Mr. Claude Lutters viewed this par-
ticular coPy Of the Vulgate with curi-
osity and interest. He was not a re-
ligious young man, but the yellow
pages and worn binding had a certain
attraction for him, although he un-
derstood little of Latin, he noted that
the publishers were evidently Spanish,
and the date of the publication was
certainly 1823. He noted, too, a fly-
leaf carefully pasted down, at sight of
which tales of important secrets thus
'concealed flashed through his mind,
and, paying the curio dealer's exorbi-
tant price, he hastened away with his
Mr. Claude Lutters, possessed of a
steady income, some good looks and a
reputation as a "lady-killer," should
have been content with his lot. That
he was not was entirely due to his be-
ing possessed by the hobby of hidden
treasure, which haunted him in a most
relentless fashion causing him in turn,
to haunt second-hand book stores and
curio shops, and bringing him finally
to the discovery of this worn our Latin
Bible, whose fly-leaf glued to the cov-
er recalled to him in an instant all the
hidden treasure tales he had ever read.
On his way home he concealed this
prize from view with a care which at-
tracted everyboy's--and one particu-
.lar somebody's-attention; so that.
while he himself was carefully exam-
ining the book in the privacy of his
own room his friends on the street
were speculating as to what he had
He had discovered, inBeed, when he
carefully separated the two pages,
what seemed to him the most nonsen-
sical collection of words he had ever
known. He puzzled over it all the af-
ternoon, and it was only toward even-
ing, when the cryptogram had driven
him almost to the verge of insanity,
that a happy idea seized him to read
it backwards-an operation which re-
"Vera Crz-three miles out Orizaba
read, ten feet back from water, by
the boulder marked with cross. Dig
five feet. Treasure of Santa Anna."
Claude Lutters whistled and tried
to look as ignorant as possible. Mean-
time he was planning his way down
to Vera Cruz, and down the Orizaba
road, and down five feet to the mil-
lions in gold which the Mexican Dic-
tator had hidden there, and which
wiser men than Laudee Lutters had
searched for in vain.
The newspapers next morning an-
nounced that, Mr. Claude Lutters had
decided to take a holiday. Mr. L's.
friends were surprised and shocked.
for Mr. L had loomkd r~mn .a-o b.. I.l
ately upon reaching Vera Cruz to de- strange perfume filling the room, and
land the consent of a certain Don slept with extraordinary soundness.
Miguel Ricardo Louiz Felipe Juan de He woke quite late to a little break-
Santa Clara d'Ettrada y Alvare,-- filt with the smnora, who announced
whom he learned to be somehow in that Don Miguel had been called away
authority-to the union of their two by a telegram to a "rancho" up the
loving hearts as one. country, and might not be back for a
Of the young lady there could, of week.
course, be no doubt. She quite mo- How fortunate! Of course he could
nololized Mr. Lutters throughout the not leave without thanking his host:
voyage, was visibly enchanted when and until then he could make love to
he condescended to correct her little Estella without fear of interruption.
foreign errors in grammar and pronun- He had at first a vague notion of pros-
ciation, complimented him upon his re- pecting down toward Orizaba, to see
markably clear understanding of the how the land lay; but Senora Estella
Spansh tongue; and, in short, he was easily bewitched him into staying. Af-
quite modest in believing that she ter all. he reflected. It was better for
adored him. her to take him for himseff alone.
He was careful to tell her nothing of There would be plenty of time be-
the treasure. Whenever she casually tween the engagement and the wed-
mentioned anything bearing at all up- ding for the finding of the treasure;
on the subject, he steered clear of it and there could be no good prowling
with a care that would have aroused about Orizaba now, running up the
suspicion in a mind less guileless than price of land and creating all sorts of
hers. When she had taken him for suspicion. So for two days he stayed,
himself alone, he reflected, Santa An- white the senora smiled dark smiles
na's millions, though they could scarce- behind her fan, and blushed and
ly onliane her happiness, yet would walked and talked with him in the
make a nice little present wherewith pretty little garden above the Santan-
to fittingly crown the joy of the wed- der Embankment, and all went merry
ding feast. Don Miguel Ricardo Et as a marriage bell
cetera Alvarez, and indeed any other On the third morning, however. just
supernumeraries, could be comfortably after breakfast, a dirty boy passed be-
pensioned off; and when Senora Estel- neath Claude Lutter's window, his lin-
I1 was senora no longer, she would gering gait bespeaking the telegraph
look back with pride to the striking messenger of the Land of Manana.
magnanimity of her handsome hus- Claude, watching, saw Senora Estella
band in providing for her poor rela- take the telegram, and dismissing the
tions. urchin, hurry down to the garden to
The Cortona steamed into the harbor read it. What news did it bring? Had
of Vera Cruz late at night. Don Mig- old Don Miguel died suddenly at the
uel met them at the wharf, and after "rancho" up the country, or was it
his daughter had explained the mat- some other unnecessary relative de-
ter in a polite undertone, invited MIr. parted to the great beyond, thus luck-
Lutters to stay with them-an invita- ily saving a pension? Then it struck
tion which 3Ir. Lutters accepted as Claude that he had not yet proposed
his due, feeling that it would greatly to the senora, and that there could be
facilitate matters, and be a source of no more appropriate occasion than
pleasure for Senora Estella as well. this for proffering his sympathy and
Don 3iguel's residential was in lilmself. He hurried out into the gar-
the northern part of the city, over- lten.. where he found her, the fatal yel-
looking the old Santander Embark- low sheet still clutched in her hand.
nllmt,'and the Bay. Don Miguel him- 'Estella!" he cried: "What misfor-
self was dark. mustached, and remark- tune is this? Oh, let me be your com-
ably youthful In appearance, and forter--
Claude Lutters, surveying him with a His eyes, lighting on the sheet,
practiced eye was quite satisfied that c'lght these words in English.-
there would be no trouble in manipu- "Hlve got -noon--"
lating him. With which he accepted Don Miguel had got the yellow fever
the don's courtesies with the greatest and was not expected to live until
condescension, and. putting off the noon. Claude was all sympathy.
manipulation until tomorrow, sought Estlle. nearest! Only let me share
his room for the night. As he closed this sorrow with you--"
the door. however, he heard the sound The telegram dropped from her
of a voice in the drawing room below; nerveless fingers.
and. creeping to the head of the stairs, "Al right-have got it-back by
had a full view of the senora and Don noon."
Miguel engaged in a conversation of "stella, my own-"
which he at once saw'that he was the, Se loo
ui, t At ,th ,,..,hl S1Sl was- looking straight at him-
H- -- a We. jnce 11 cnou 111; Ar ou m d? he sid cldy
the previous day. To-day he was off catch but a few words, but he easily "Are you mad?" she said coldly.
for Vera Cru. a well worn Latin Bib1le guessed that the don, having already "Muist I call Juan? When Mike-when
in his trunk and on his face a smile of discerned his daughter's infatuation. "my husbantnd returns-"
joyous anticipation. w was questioning her about it. As the "Your husband?"
i don concluded and moved toward the certainlynly I-r. Lutters! By the
8enora Estella Alvarez was young i door. he whispered something at which wvy." she added in very good Yankee.
and pretty. What lucky chance was it Estella's dark eyes flashel. and her an- -'If you are in no hurry about return-
whih brought her bac r rang out clear: ing to New York, you may go back
York by the same ship which or "True?" she cried. "Ava-true as with us. We long for a sight of our
Claude Lutters to Vera Cruz in search steel"" native land. and as soon as our affairs
of a fortune? Claude did not enquire Could there be nobler confession of a"'e arranged we will set out. We-
as to the chance, but merely made the her love for him than this? Claude Milk: and I-have made a good profit
best of it by appointing himself the watched and listened while the don o"t of a little underground ratnho up
young lady's cavalier. The young la- went out. then sought his room again. tl'' Orizaba road."
dy, on her part, did not object. She! He vaguely remembered the sound of lHe felt something hard in his pocket.
smiled sweet Ifttle miles at him, and c'arriage wheels and horses' hoofs in in:l. tugging. produced a well-worn
blushed bewitchingly behind her fan tile courtyard below, then dozed away. copy of Vulgate. which he let drop
-perfectly enchanting Mr. Lutters be- fancying Estella hovering over himi in listlessly upon the grouild. Then, with
fore he had been ten minutes with her: lis sleep. scattering Santa Anna's mil- a sudden vehemence, and a skill and
so that he was quite resolved, immedi- lions all about, then fancied, too, a practice acquired at Blank College,
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitailty, we make a
Slain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:
First, a Word as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disao s ECperi-
ments on this line led to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS, and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in-
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
It is impossible to fully explain how sc
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rible ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES is every day conk-
letely curing cases of Rheumatism, eural-
gia, Sleeplessness and Lost Vitality, which
had previously seemed hopeless. ead the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selves if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL Till
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours,
W. E. Butch.
IMPACTT VIGOR AND STRENGTH TO
Some time ago I wrote you for one pair of
SLAYTON' S NULATING INSOLES
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that at-'
ter using these Insoles for several weeks pust,
I find thm to be of inestimable value to one's
One can walk around miles without iecliag
fatigued and worn out, and it certainly is a
fact that these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very truly,
"I SHALL USE THEM AS LONG AS I
At the end of three months' use of the
SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes, I feel
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
want you and every one else to know it. The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
shoulder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe pan
which I felt when I began using the Casters
and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
tion throughout my body.
I am doing at least qun-f[urth more work
than I have been able to do during the past
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
this, and money would not buy them if 'I
could get no more. I shall use them as long
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, an
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
ment. It has done more for me than you
claimed for it.
t e will gladly send anyone a full set oi
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC SI'TTCH-Cr ,-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES on receipt of 25 cents to cover
postage and packing. 17c. for Casters, 8c. for
Tn-oles. Try them for two weeks, according
to directions. If they do not help you send
them back by mail and no Gharrces will bh
marde. It they do help you, send us 3oo in
full payment of the Casters and $2.o for the
-'nnte%. State whether Casters are required
for brass, iron, or wooden bedstead and size
Sand number of shoe Insoles are to fit.
The Slayt Electric Cater Co.,
I ** Hti St. Teramah. iUhm.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 77
he kicked It far out over the Santander ter that he will not need nearly s Thousands Have Kidney Trouble s '- ui wMLz
Embankment. After which, without a much feed. They can easily be made i d )Olt Know it. isctill
word of farewell, or a care for the to weigh fourteen to sixteen poundsow to a .
trunk up stairs, he strode down toward per pair at ten weeks old, and they Fill a bttle comm g with yourto V k
the city. Upon mature consideration will sell in market better than chick- water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a IUsawr's bl o arNraitittsdsim,
lie did not think it worth while to wait ens, bringing better prices and weigh- sediment or set- akifLuther, T..,m-aMahewo
till the senora's return to New York.-- ing more. When the farmer gets rtil ig indict atemns an t. w .b~ !: al W
unhealthy condi- w",'i Nh6u. bygromwin Pbu2h.8iSU
; averly Magazine. of the old-fashioned idea that ducks tio of the kid- smU wi Go, s aSS asm
need water in which to swim, and Tsi neys; if it stains 10 DOLLAS WORTn IOI We.
Importance of Farm Poultry. led to see that they will do much bet- your linen it is Sur% m adi w ..
Many farmers are beginning to ter away from it, perhaps he will be- I ney trouble; too kid-wc4,s *M. D .._ i
awaken to the fact that the poultry in- come reconciled to the duck. I know frequent desire to os'" t s'' n'
dustry is of some Importance, and are of a community where the farmers bpam it or pain in t n UN l aW
willing to give It more attention. In- rather "run" to ducks, raising any- f the bakidn s and bladlso V... ,..
convincing proof that the kidneys and blad- l. w nkg
deed the farmer is very benighted, where from 50 to 150. and as they live der are out of order. ithf
who has not made some little effort to within thirty miles of a city they what to .o. *I1
better his flock, though t may only be have a good market. These families in There is comfort in the knowledge so
swapping eggs with some neighbor, the fall watch the market and engage often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp. E MUITum VITALITY,
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every LOST VIGOR
who has swapped "roosters" with their ducks for certain days, taking wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the EnlI AND MANHOOD
some other neighbor who has half care that only one family choose that back, kidneys,liver. bladder and every prt Cres Impotency,NightEmssionsand
breeds. So we may sure there is a day. Then those'who have ducks and of the urinary ag It corrects inab wasting diseases, all effects of self-
to hold water and scalding pain in pMasing.
movement forward. And yet, I won- will need help themselves, gather at it or bad effects following use of liquor, abuse, or excess and indi
der why the farmer is not more inter- that one house and help to dress and wine or beer. and overcomes that unpleasant creation. Anervetonicand
ested in poultry. To those who have prepare the ducks for market, making necessity of being compelled to go often blood builder. Brings the
only a town lot or maybe a few acres a jollification of the work, and so go during the day, and to get up many times glow to pale cheeks and
during the night. The mild and the pinkirlow to pae of youth.
of land, having to buy feed of all kinds from house to house exchanging work. ordinary effect of SwampRoot is t a restores the Bbox; boxes
and able to raise only a limited num- One of these families sold ninety-nine realized. It stands the highest for its won- for $B ma. with a wrtno gbxen-
ber, it seems that the farmer could ducks, bringing $77 In cash besides derful cures of the mot distrssicae ee to ce or rhad the aney.
have it all his own way and that with feathers enough for a good bed. Of best. Sold by druggine sc.and$1. tizes. o r
only a very little outlay of capital. To course. they had eaten all summer. You may have a sample bottle of this NERVITA MEDICAL CO.
be sure he will need a large and but the farmer had never missed it. wonderful discovery Mu~N aQ, ld on at L, I CAIt Lf, UL
comfortable house, but a great many and they were only small, common and a book that tell For sle by W. A. Allen & Co. irs-
have their own timber and can, at a ducks. What would it have amounted absolutely free by mall, .ts. Delnd.
very little expense, get the material to had they been Pekins?-Mrs. J. W. address Dr. Kllmer & Zamo am- W AN TED
ready and then build the house with- Cook, in Farmer's Guide. Co., Binghamton, N. Y. When writing men-
out outside help. Then, too, he will rding To Buy WILD ANIMALS,
need one lot, closely fenced for a pen There's a story of a farmer and his BIRDS and REPTILES of all
for his bst fowls, so as to have eggs son driving a load to market. Of the
from his best, for hatching his next team they were driving, one was a ing it. It will be sent free to any kinds.
year's flock. But for the rest of his steady old gray mare, the other a fra- farmer who asks for it. We can as- I Write me what you can secure in
flock, he should let them have tious, balky black horse. On the way sure our readers it- is worth sending Iyour vicinity. Will give exclusive ter-
the range of the farm, especially do the wagon was stalled and the black for. Ask also for their "Blue Folder." ritory to hustling parties.
the young chicks need a good range, horse sulked and refuse d to pull. which gives complete descriptions of J. L. BUCK,
as they will make quicKee and larger "What'll we do, father?" said l the different styles of Page Pence. Importer and Exporter of Animals.
She ll makeuicer and lar t' ard t father When writing, please mention this 700-2 and 4 10th St. Philadelphia,
growth, and so get ready to fill the younger man, "Well," said the father, When writing, please mention this 7a.
basket the coming winTer when eggs "I guess we'll have to lay the gad on paper. Mention this paper
are worth money.' The farmer has no on the old gray." That homely comn- Mentn ts
need to worry his brain about well pliment to women: "The gray mare's
balanced rations, with his broad wheat the better horse" suggests how often
fields, his clover fields and meadows, when there's an extra strain to be
about the onlydafly attention they need borne it is laid on the woman's back.O CE SA M SH IP
n' the summer after they get able to How often she breaks down at last
scratch for themselves is plenty of under an added weight 'of some "last
water. And even in the winter he has straw." Women who are dragging
everything of his own raising unless along wearily through life can gain
it Is animal meal, and the scraps and real strength by the use of Dr. Pierce's
waste meats from the animals butch- Golden Medical Discovery. It puts
ered will go far toward supplying that, back in concentrated form the strength
He will And It no great trouble to put making material which working wo-
away a few more cabbages, turnips men use up more rapidly than it can
and beets than his family need, and be restored by Nature in the ordinary
which will furnish green food when processes of nourishment and rest.
the poultry need it most. Almost all I)r. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are uni-
farmers have a few chickens, but only verbal favorites with women because -
a few have ducks. Why this should be they are easy ta take and thoroughly
I cannot understand, as my experience offrtive In curing the e6lequences of "SAVAN N A H LIN E."
goes to show, that there is more mon- constipation.
ey to be made in ducks, and with less s l s S
work than in any other branch ot the ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE.
poultry business. One can hardly be- Beware of seeds saved from culls
lleve how fascinating duck culture be- and dumps, which constitute the bulk F Freight n Tuxurious passenger R ut
comes when one has a little enthusi- of the seed sent out from Rocky Ford, FaSL eight l L XU riOuS Fa88Dger ROUt
asm to start with. There is scarcely Col.. of which I have proof. I believe
any loss of the young ducklings, even I have the only stock grown at Rocky FRON
with average care, as they will live Ford the past season expressly for the FLORIDi TO NEW YORK
and thrive almost under any circum- seed and saved from the select fruit, FLA N W Y
stances; only they must be kept dry of which I have,only about 1000 Ibs. OTO T
and have something to eat Those Price. per ounce, 10b, 1-. pound 38e., BOSTON & E AST.
who have been used to watching a 1 I). 90c. postpaid. Send for evidences
flock, say of Brown Leghorns. eat of purity and prices on large quagtl-
will certainly be surprised to see the ties to J. I. UTTON. eedman, h rt Rail Ride to Savannah
food disappear before a thrifty flock of Ocala, Fla. Short Rail Ride to Savannah.
ducklings, and they are always hun-
gry. At first sight it seems that the The Page Woven Wire Fence Co., Thence via Ship, Sailings from Savannah, Four Ships ach
cost of keeping ducks is considerably Adrian, Mich., have for nine years Week to New York, a nd Two to Boston.
more than the keeping of chickens, past issued a paper called The Coiled
but when one considers the growth Spring Hustler, the name has been tiet gen an ol a supplied with monthly ailing schedules.
made, in the same length of time, he changed to Page Fence Age, but it is write for general Information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations
sees there is no such difference, for a the same "Hustler" as ever, devoted or call on
Pekin duck, If he is well cared for will to the Interests of Page Woven Wire E. H. Hinton, Trafic Manager, Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
have his growth in ten weeks and af- Fence, and full of Information concern- I Savannah, Ga. 224 W. Bay St, Jacksovlle, "la.
vs THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH TEE JOKER.
NOT QUITE REALIZEI.
Stubb-It's a well known fact that
the people of Chicago want the earth.
Penn-Yes, but all they get is the
"Papa, what makes the stars wink?"
"Perhaps they notice that the moon
le full,"-Cleveland Plain Dealer.
AN IDEAL MATCH.
"The man I'm going to marry will
never throw it up to me that my maid-
en name Is Smith."
"Why won't he?"
"His name is Jones."-Indianapolis
HE AGREED WITH HER.
Mrs. Cooke---Do you know, dear, I
like to go out occasionally and try
some other person's cooking.
Mr. Coo'ke-Well, I can't blame you.
FOUND JUST THE PLACE.
"Man wants but little here below,"
path. They are not born in pits and
av\-es, these mules whose lives are
passed beneath the earth. But they
ue nsed to mining, and from the day
wlilnu they first enter the mine they
;.;oi-r h:l\e their underground quart-
ers until accident, old age or lameness
Lenders them unfit for further work.
It was on the great lakes that the
three masted schooner first made its
a:ppoe:lrnce. The unique character of
lake navigation created the necessity
for this type of sailing craft because of
the fact that with this class of vessel
sailors could handle the sheets from
til' dock at times when It was Impossi-
ble to go aloft in one of those sudden
storms which make the life of the lake
skipper an uncertain and anxious one.
I.ord Paluncefote. the British Amibas-
sador, has discarded his bicycle since
recetiving his title of lord. He has
joined the army of Washington walk-
ers, a;nl scarcely a day passes in which
ihe is not seen exercising between the
iembassy and the west gate of the cap-
itol via Pennsylvania avenue, accom-
remarked the landlady. panied by Lady Pauncefote. The cas-
"And here is the place to get it," con- i"1 bbserver not acquainted with them
tinued the facetious boarder.-Tit- would take them for middle class peo-
Bits. I-e of this country from their manners
A bright American woman hai a
thought of a novel way of making a
living. She travels from house to
house and offers her services as a
cleaner of lamps and chimneys, and it
is astonishing what a nice little income
she manages to earn by it. All she re-
quires Is a kettle of hot water, a bowl
and the necessary oil. A roll of soft
linen cloths, a chamois leather and
soap are the three things which slhi
carries about with her. Scores of Ipeo-
pie are only too thankful to employ
The death of Countess Colloredo is
said to have been brought on by a
shock Which she received when learn-
ing that she had snubbed royalty.
The Countess, who had a mania for
etiquette, was one day seated on the
terrace of the Kursaal in Nice. when.
she was spoken to by the Prince of
Wales. Failing to recognize His
Highness, she took offense at his ad-
dressing her and bade him leave her
presence. When the mistake was ex-
plained the mortiflea Countess faintedl.
and her death, which occurred a few
weeks later, was thought to be from
the shock she received and the mort'"
cation she suffered on having been so
rude to royalty.
Habit hath so vast a prevalence over
the human mind that there is scarcely
anything too strange or too strong to
be asserted of it. The story of the
miser, who, from being long accustom-
ed to cheat others, came at last to
cheat himself and with great delight
and triumph picked his own pocket of
a guinea to convey to his hoard is not
impoesible or improbable.
In Rossmore mine, in Pennsylvania.
there Is a celebrated mining mule.
Old Duke, by name. Old Duke has
been there for thirty years and has
saved many lives. He has an Instinct
for re damp-the deadliest of all
dangers that threaten miners-which
Ia marvelous. Nothing else makes him
uneasy. But once he sniffs the fire-
damp he bolts for the lift. This gives
'U lrira, and the men follow in his
-orthbound-Read Down. I TIME TAABLE Southbound-Read Up.
140 26 78 1 78 32 1 In Efect Decrmbt r 1, 189 1 | 2r3 1 1 2 I il
...... ...... ..... .piLv ...... Port Iampa .... .Arl..... 10.l30p S.90p 7.3b |......
......1 .... ... ..... .. ... Lv .. .T. B. H otel .... ....Arl...... I ...... ...... ......|.
...... ...... 1.1a ...... 7.3aplLv .. ..... ampa .......Ar ......I 9.5op k49pl .- I ......
............ 1Z.4sp ....... 0.44plLv .. ..Kisimmee ..... ...ArI...... i la i.-u4pi 4.3ai ......
.. .... .. .... Lv .......Orlando ........Arl...... Ocala 5.VpI 4.la ....
............ p ...... pLv ... .. inter rark .. ....Ar ...... I itKo-I 5.2p| 3 ......
............ p ....... .U I Lv ........Sanford .... ....Ar ......Ichetl el 4.Zopl Ia. .....
... ...... p ...... ...... .. .. ..DeLand L... ... . ..... ......... .
............ 3p ...... .... ...Lv .. DeLand ...... ..A rI ...|.. .... 42p... .......
lU.UUa ...... b.UBp ...... 2.404.Lv .. ..... Paiatka .... .... Arl...... .0al .pI.47a p
.lup ...... i.p ...... 4.lUaIAr ...ACKSO. ILLE Lvl......|jal.1pl.Upj 4.UUp
.. .. .. ...... .20a ...... Lv ... St. Petersturg ..... Arl...... lU0. .p ...... ...... ....
...... ... a......Lv .... .. ll air ..... ....Arl......I .op|...... ...... ...:..
............I. .: lU.a| .......... Leesburg 4.op ...... ...... ......
a ........... p......L....... ..cala .........Arl...... i3.1lU........... I0p
.ua ............ p ...... Ar .... ..Gaineville ... ..L ...... ........... p
i.;ua ...... ....... 1 p v...... IL .... .. Gainesvile .... ..Ar;...... .Z6p ............ 8.Up
u.ta ...... ...... &4api...... Lv ...... ..Palatka .... .....Ar.A...... I s., ......... p
u.lup .... .... a.jp-- ......Ar .. )AClKSUi VILLE Lv...... it.WA ,..... ..,,,,,, p
Local Via So Ry. Via AC L. IVia A CL Via So Ry. Local
1. I.. ~.L Ry.~- Lcafl
SI lb I 3b I I 1 I 32 1
i u0al 5.Ua i.4ip18.Vjia 7.45pl 8.OtiaL. J
9.:4a T."U 9.2opp 9. .alOJ.ktpIlU.UUaiA..
....I1O.0.7a U.5VpIpl2.10pt LaiialrLWIoA..
.... ..... ...... I 6.i3alCappIA..
J, ipj 6.O9aI .i.pI y.ijA_.
....... .uoa. PI.. I. IA..
... 4P...... 2. ....... ......
.5.Ip 7.3oa 11.3UpI 7 O1aA..
.li.ls 9:: I .1s I alsa, 8:.Wa1A..
. ... a... l.QIoal ll..1a a i laJA4A..
.b...... 6 tbal YWpl t.i-a1 l.Wp1A..
.......I a4ipIIU.t(pl 3.AupA 8 &.up1A..
1 3 1 23 35 1 3i 1 | 1 s i
I'VILLLE. Ai|. 90al 7.3al 9.2ai 7.40p10.00p 1U.40p
W'cross.. Lil0.Ua| 5.lUa 7.i26a .oop &i6p b.40p
Savannah ..Li 7.40a 2.35aI 5.2UaI 3.2p 5.0p ......
Cha'.ton. ..Li i .14all.o ....... .... ......
Richrn'd. ..L) 7.3p( SIt.l12.01pilll.-1 p ............
Lolumbm a ..L ..... ...I... i.aMu. .a ............
Chariotte. ..L ... -.I1 l p .la ............
.Lynchb'g ..I.:. ....| LiUpl 'i.s.a.... ......
\as n ...i| 3.4op| 4l.ii0ail.la| 6.5Up ...... ......
Baltiiire ..LI Z.Zpl 2.0ai ti .2a b.2.p ............
.niaideir'a .LI2.Wpjpl.UoaL 3. a 6U~i itopI...... I**.
New xorK .Li 40.Ma b.aiplIZ.al ..a Up ...... ......
.Boston.. ..Lj;1.aOpl .Ltilj .UUpl 9.Uta......I......
V. o I aI I iY Ex. Sun. I I va
u iaSo Ry. Via L&N.1 Othe train. ] 'ia L&N.I Via So Ry. iM&aJ
I Daily I I AK.R.
~ I 1 I l s I |1 2 21 | 13 | la I 3 i a
,.upjl ,.Apl .4ip| 6.U0| 1i.4pi 6.b.aiL.. J'\ ILLE ..Al i.Ual .4Upl .tauil.Uupi V.Zal I.aua
.u...pl .Apl Yw.1i i.I.uIv.UYp i.U.ia|L.. .W'c. .. .al .wuai o.upi u.Zai ,.1pl 4.Aual .UUa
...... I l ....l l .l ....... .. 1A... .Jes,p... L..L.... ..I.... I i u I.w ....... ......
.... i ..... .i::: .: l. p ...... ..... A.. .taci ... .L... ............i t. a| i-upi.......
I....iiLa oup......I......IA.. ..Atla.,... ..L|......|......|1tmI..,r..u**.. .[
... ...... -.4 1| b.A p ...... ...... A... L no .... ..LI ...... ...... i -.up ...i ...... ......
J.2 ...... ..... ... .... li.2a 12.b.j pA.. aid sta. ..LI 3.1aal ti.44p t.................... A.ia
.iUal ...... ...... ...... I.ua l..utpiA.. Iho'tihe. ..L| 1.uuZ A ~.pU ...... ...... ...... 1 .uua
6. u........ ...... I...a... i.xua >..upA.. .i'g.. ery ..L ..l*PiJ-.- al|....... ....... ... .. .,p
.............l.a .l uxU.bpLP.a.aL..a|lA... Bir'uam. ..Lt i.uup b.ti .AiPil uv.Uti ...... ......
0-p i.... .......ot p .uai o.iopl b.4Ua|A.. Nashiime. ..LI 6.ilua i.Zal 1 j..iUpI..... ......
S...... 1 ...-I ,.i'P i.sbal i.pi i.UupiA.. Alemphis. ..LI b.-ap jZ.opi o.L b.Vup, ....I ......
... I... ... ... up| i.a'nl Z..uadii..oplA.. Lou viie ..LI ..jual U. t~ j I.d, i.Upi ..... I......
....I.... .... .ap| ..) .t i.Uai t.(cpiA.. Lncnaoi. ..LilU.tpl a.tss a.iua b.uvp...... I......
i.a6tial...... I ..al b-.WpI ,.iual 4 .iupA. St. Luis. ..Li bpl b.4ip l .-pi 6.uv5ai......i 6.ItUp
4.oUp,...... I ilal *..Pi b...tasi a.lupA.. Chic go. ..L! .h-py i.iupl o0.o,*di .~~ ,l ...... i-L.
.upl ......I uual 4 .wua ..vlul 4.tUA.. Liiy.. ..LI |. aval.U.wpi u.Api Y.uP1iP ...... I .a
.... .. l ...... ..... i .. ... i...... A.. Loiumu.a ..L .......... .... .... i.zal .....
S.... A u. .... ......... I .. ..... Ashe ivoe. ... .... I..... I .......
S...... I............-......I......IA.. knoxu.e L ...L..I ... ......
....I -,.......... ..... .. ... .Line nati. ..LI.... ..... .. .. .a pi. ......
......I.................. l.a 9.i5pL.. M'gj erJ. ..AI o.iual b.UUpl ...... ...... ...... ......
... I...|...i......I......I .alp ..i.UalA.. Mlo.. .. .l.i .u.au~a.opm. ...... ..... ...... .....
...... ...... ......... I a.Wpl ,.iUaIA.. N. ureans .L| .lopl .al ...I.............i..|....I..
U2 and 3j (via A. C. L. and Pensylvania K. i).-_ EWV YRKK, FLORUK DA A--L)
iVLSbl INDIA 'MIlLED-Larry Vestibule uLacucs between Jack.liivii.e and tlaahmig-
Lun and Pulman Sievpers between Port lampa, JacKsonvli.e and New kork.
UNITbD tl'AEAI PAST XAIL.
35 and 36 (via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R. kt.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
sunvule and ashngton, kumnian Slcepers between Miami, Jacksonillme and New eork;
a.so uluiman Sieepers between Jacksonvule and Cincinnati via Asheville and Knoxvilie.
id and i carry Fuiiman Zicepers between Jacaounvilhe and New lork via A. L. L. and
'enns.,.vau.a h. nt., between St. retersuurg, Ja iunviine and St. Louis via Montgomery
and L. & N. i. I., and between Jacksonvlle and St. Louis via Montgomery and Al. & U.
NEW YORK AND FLOBIDA EXPR S8.
33 and 34 via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R.R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
sonville and Washington, Pullman Sleepers between Port lampa, Jacksonville and New
toric, and Dining Lar between Savannah anj Lharlotte.
32 and 21 carry Pullman Steepers between Port lampa, Jacksonville and Louisville and
elegant day coaches between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Montgomery and L. & N.
14 and 13-CINCINNATI AND FLORID LIMITED-Solid vestibule trains, with
Pullman Sleepers, between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Jesup, So. Ry. and Q. & C.
Route; also Pullman Sleepers between Jacksonville and Kansas City via Jesup, Atlanta, Bir-
mingham, bemphis nd K. C. F. S. & M. Ry., and between Jacksonville and St. Louis
via Jessup, So. Ry., Q. & C., Louisville and L. E. & St. L. Ry.
CINCINNATI DAY EXPRESS.
16 and 15-SOLID VESTIBULE TRAINS between Jacksonville and Cincinnati, with
Pullman Sleepers between oPrt Tampa, Jacksonville and Cincinnati So. Ry. and U. & C.
12 1 78 1 1321 1 3 3 161 I
I IDaily, Str. IDailyl Via Gulf Coast Line I I1ailyl'ailyj
.... .1".....I 4.al| ...... I ......Lv .. Pt. Tampa via y.. ..Arl..... 30p0.30p ............
...0al l .......... Lv ....... Tampa .... 9.56p 9.p....j ......
........1 I......:I 13pLv ..... Punta orda .... ..Ar ......2.40a124a...... ......
...... 5a......7.1pAr .... ...Lakeland .. .....Lv...... 9.10pl 9.10p ...... ......
.40p...... ...... 00. ...... Lv .. Pt Tampa via Str... Ar ............ ...... 00......
7p...... .a .a ...... Lv ... St. Petersburg .. ...Ar ...... 10.30p 10.30p 8.00a ......
7.op ...... 5.6a ............ Lv .... ..Belleair ........Ar ...... 9.36p 9.35p 7.20a ......
8.40pI...... 6.32a ............ Ar .... Tarpon Springs .... Lv ...... 8.56p 8.56p 6.32a ......
........... 10.25a ............ Lv ....... Leesburg ...... ..Ar ...... 4.55p .................
........ 2.Lp ............ Lv ...... ...Ocala ...... ...Ar ...... 10p 6.55p ...........
...... 6p ... ........Lv ...... Gainesviile .... ..Lv ...... OOp..................
.22p ......... Lv ....... Live Oak .......Ar ...... ...... 12p............
6.00p ............Lv........asper ....... ..Ar ...... 121p...... ......
. .I...... 9.p .......... Ar ..... ..Waycross ......Lv ...... 1.0...... .a .........
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE-STEAMSHIPS OLI ETTE AND MASCOTTE.
Sat., Wed. and Mon........12.30piLv .... Havana ...... Ar| 6.0Ba......Wed. Sat. and Mon
Sat., Wed. and Mon........ 7.3&p Ar .... Key West .... .Lv 9.00p......Tues., Fri. and Sun.
Sat., Wed. and Mon........ 9.30pLv ....Key West .... Ar 3.00p......Tues. Fri. and Sun.
Sun., Thur. and Toes...... 2.30p|Ar .... Port Tampa Lvil1.00p......Mon. Thurs. and Sat.
Further information, reservations, tickets, etc., may be obtained of agents, or
H. C. McFadden, Div. Pass. Agent,
138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.
R. G. IRWIN, M. F. PLANT, B. DUNHAM, B. W. WRENN,
President. Vice-President General Supt. Pass. Traf. Mgr.
S. R. KNOTT, Vice-President.
In one of the historical volumes of curring elsewhere, assembled at a
John F. Magginness is recounted a certain place on the banks of Pine
most remarkable coincidence. On the creek, about fourteen miles above
very day that the Declaration of Inde- where now stands the city of Williams-
pendence was promulgated and old i port, and declared themselves free
Liberty bell proclaimed the joyful from the yoke of British rule.
news in Philadelphia a little band of
Scotch-Irish settlers, without any
knowledge, of cyure, of what was oc- A good time to mubscribe.
We are sure you do not.
Nobody wants it. But it comes
to many thousands every year.
Itcomes to those who have had
coughs and colds until the
throat is raw, and the lining
membranes of the lungs are
inflamed. Stop your cough
when it first appears and you
remove the great danger of
stops cough of all kinds. It
does so because it is a sooth-
ing and healing remedyof great
est preventive to consumption.
Put one of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
Plasters over your lungs
A whaf. Ndles
For four ents in stams to pays g
= wll send you uxtea i
in. A Advse Fn...
We have the exclusive service of
some of the most eminent physicIans
In the United ates. Unusual oppor-
tunities and long experience emi-
nently ft them for giving you medical
advles. Write freely alt the partic-
ular n your cae. You will receive
prompt reply, without ost.
Jre Lc-. DB. J. C. AYR.
# Lowell. 31am
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. T9
y IPTDTAW A
A shooting affray occurred at Juli-
Ptte Monday evening just as the Hom-
osassa train was pulling out, in
which a negro woman was shot and
killed, and afterwards a negro man
was mortally wounded. It seems that
Deputy Sheriff Dean made an arrest
of the negro man, and the woman in-
terfered and was killed, two stray
balls struck the rear of the Homosas-
sa train. We have not learned of the
cause of the arrest,-Dunnellon Times.
Mrs. Agnew has been notified that
her husband's sentence has ben com-
muted to three years instead of five,
which will give him his liberty and
restore him to his citizenship on the
8th day of next March. This will be
good news to Mr. Agnew's many
friends in Ocala and throughout the
Plant cassava and velvet beans and
gotten hogs and cattle for market.
There is many in the business, more
F. Kramer of Leesburg, is determin-
ed to thoroughly test velvet beans as
a fertilizer. He has just finished ferti-
lizing there acres of cabbage with
velvet bean meal and feels sure it will
provl satisfactory. That it will prove
a great saving in money, heretofore
spent for fertilizer, there can be no
The promoters of the proposed shoe
factory for Tampa were not successful
Sin interesting the necessary capital,
and the scheme has fallen through.
Mr. Wilson, who was to have been
manager, has returned to his home in
Letters patent were granted Friday
for the incorporation of the Southern
Benefit association, with headquarters
at Tampa, and $10,000 capital, to pro-
vide forland take care of sick people,
and pay funeral expenses of all per-
sons properly contracting with said
association. The incorporators are H.
C. Gordon, B. J. Abernethy, and T. J.
The Drew Lumber Company will
build a railroad from Live Oak to
Dead Man's Bay, on the west coast,
a distance of fifty miles. It will open
up an immense lumber section.
Maj. J. N. Bradshaw, of Orlando,
and his party, the first day after leav-
ing the river on their camp hunt last
month, counted 129 deer between sun-
up and sundown, and saw one bunch
of twenty-five deer browsing together.
Game Warden Sharp says the deer are
plentiful on the big Kissimmee prairie
and go about in heards feeding with
the cattle.-Kissimmee Valley Gazette.
The trial of Nick Joyner (colored),
for the murder of G. W. Jones, white,
which occurred at Starke last August,
came to a close last night when the
case was given to the jury at 5:30
o'clock; they were out three hours,
and rendered a verdict of murder in
the second degree. The judge passed
sentence on Joyner this morning, giv-
Ing him 90 years in the pen.-Jackson-
Evergldee village has been deter-
mined to be in Lee county by recent
survey. People supposed they were in
Monroe county and have been buying
their marriage licenses at Key West.
Great consternation prevails and some
of the women want to be courted all
Sharpies Cream Separators---Profit-
J. W. Hoffman, Ph. D., professor of
agricultural biology in the State Agri-
cultural and Mechanical College at
Orangeburg, S. C., has been elected
professor of agriculture in the State
Normal and Industrial College for col-
ored students at Tallahassee. He has
accepted the position.-Tampa Tri-
WANTED-Several bright and hon-
est persons to represent us as manag-
ers of this and close by counties. Sal-
ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight
bona-fide, no more, no less salary. Po-
sition permanent. Our references, any
bank in any town. It is mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference.
Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.
Dep. 3, Chicago.
An effort is being made to get Gen.
John B. Gordon of Georgia, to come
here and make a speech for the bene-
fit of the United Daughters of the
Confederacy. The invitation is ex-
tended through Attorney-General W.
B. Lamar, and it is hoped that he will
accept. We will probably be able to
tell next week whether or not he is
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheyney Co., Proprs., Toledo,
We, the undersigned, have known F.
.T. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, D.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Tampa received a nice little bit of
money a few days ago. President Geo.
J. Baldwin, of the Tampa Electric
Company, arrived in the city, went to
the city auditor's office, called for his
bill, and promptly handed over a
check calling for $14,000 In round fig-
ures. This wipes out some old differ-
ences between the city and the com-
pany that have been standing for
years and years.
Nature "makes all things beautiful in
their time" Every one of life's seasons,
when life moves on Nature's lines,
has its own charm and beauty. Many
women dread that period when they
must experience change of life. They
fear that face and form may suffer by
the change, and that they may fail to
please those whom they love. The val-
ie of Doctor Pierse's Favorite Pre-
scription in this crisis of woman's life
lies in the fact that it assists Nature.
Its use preserves the balance and bouy-
ancy of the mind and sustains the phy-
sical powers. Many women have ex-
pressed their gratitude for the help and
tion"uey lo s escmfw wpdlfshrdl hrdl
comfort given by "Favorite Prescrip-
tion" in this trying period. Its benefits
are not passing but permanent and con-
duce to mental happiness as well as
Florida Fa t Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 23, IN EFFECT JAN. 1T. 1900.
SOUTh BOUND (Read Down.) (Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
.q 5o. .. |o N No.d6 No.-o
Ll 'l.>i i" .* N3 O0.78 NO.74
n.y Da" il STATIONS. DrDailyly De b
:-upi -lup Lm. in k35a Leave .... .....Jacksonville............Arrive 720p 7plat Ip
hip 22Ap ,)l4..aAmrrive........ St. Augustine........... Leave lOp 6lUp10al2;p
........ I ,ipll0oa Leave........ St. Augustine...... ....Arrive 60Bp 62p ...........
.... ......... ...il1 a ........... Hastings ..............Leave 681p ..... .....
...... ... p Arrive....... .Palatka. ........... Leave 45p ......... ......
.... a:Leave .............Palata.................. Arrive 10p ...... .....
Io; j i.T. lplArrive .....San Mateo.............Leave 10 ..........
1~a Leave...... .San Maeo. ....... Arrive T10p ............
la Leave ........... East Palatka...........Leave 51 ......
I.. : ........... ond. a...... O on ... 46 tp .........
; ...... ...... 8 p 4.... ..4 .......
i ;, 1 O1 ............Port Oran e......... 41 .......
5 ............ New ivrna .. ........ 8) 42............
I l. .............. Oak Hil l .............. 2 348p ...... ...... ......
.... 4 .n ; ",P -.............. Tinsville .............. 210p a 0 p ...... ......
S.. ................. .. ......
p ..tc ee 14.. .........
.... .,ip. ............. .CRa oia .... ....... 18 88p ...........
S. ...........1... 2n...........
5,: R ............ockledge .... ... 122 20p ............
S i ........... cEau (4 lie .. ....... 1 ...... ......
h ,i ) ........... l oni .e ............. .12 l I ...........
....st al. 12 1ArP .............
. 11~,~) e l.............. ,o nd................ 11 ........ ......
.I. ", IP ............. i- basi,an ... ........... 112 ....... ...... .....
.: 7p .............. St. Lue ie.............. 110a ....... ...... ......
... ; 6u;p .............Fort Pierce............. 1056 1216p ............
.... .Ti. ............. Tib ..... . .... ...... ......
S ............... .. ............. 0 2 ... ........
............... Je en ................ 10 21&! ..................
... .. ............... stuart ............ 11 .................
.. i ... ,) ............ H obe x nu d ........... 41 ..... .......
T. :p: ........... W est Juoiter. .......... ..... ..
S,4p Arriv........ West Palm ba.h ..... .... 8 B5 '10 0a ..............
9 0p b.4-, Leave ......... Palm BeaPh Inn ......... 8 40100 11 ............
t.. 1p 2p .........oyal oineiana ....... 8.5a 1020..............
..... .... 9Op p ........ West Palm Eeach. Arrivl s 0a. 9 e ............
...... ..... 4p ............. Boyn on ........ ..Le ..................
.... .. ... lp .............. Delray.... .... . : . .
1001p ........ .Fort Lauderdlale.............
... .. .. l43p ............ LemonCity............ ......
........ 11 llp luo5p Arrive................Miami.......... mi ....... 101 .....
Between New Smyrna a" Orange
0.8 o. STATIONS. No. IN.4.
41Ap Il NLew Smrna. .Ar 8 7p
4Sp IMp Lake Helen..Lv 2P 600p
50p 125I) ..Orange City.. p
612p 185 r.Orange'yJ 2p 5p
All trains between New myrna and Orange
City June ion daily except Sunday.
Jaok'vueao a Pableeao ok.
No.15 STATIONS. No.16
o 00Lv.. .So. Jack ville. ...... Ar 60
5 SUaAr. ...Pablo Beas.........Lv 51p
Al uains between -o. Jat ostvie and Pablo
Beach daily except Sunday.
Between Titusvila aai Saafes4i
No.1 STATIONS. No i
. ua.Lv....... Titisile ......... Ar 1p
7 lia! ". .......... Mims.............Lv Ip
S .. .........Osteen ......... 11"7a
8ja ...... Enaerprise.......... U11a
9 3 a.Ar ........ Sanford........... -" O
All trains between Titusville and Sanford
uaily except bunday.
These Time Tables show the times at which
trains and boats may be expected to arrive and
depart from the several stations and ports,
but their arrival or departure at the times
stated is not guaranteed, nor does the Com-
pany hold itself responsible for any delay or
any cons-quences arising therefrom.
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
PROPOSED SAL NGS:
Leave M ami ndaysand Wednsdy......................... ..................... 1100 m.
Arrive Havana Mondays and Thursdays....... ............................... 800 p. m.
Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays ....................................................11.:0 ap m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays ....................... .... ........... 6:00 a. m.
MIAfIl-KEY WEST LINE, .
Leave Miami Mondays, Wedn ays and Fridays ............ ............... 0 p. m.
Arrive Key West i'uesdayas, Thursdays and Saturdaya ..........................12:00 noon.
Leave Key West Tuesdays, Thurdays and Satudays................................ 800 p.m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays, Fridys and Sundays ........... ................... :00a. m.
For copy of local time ard call at 2 West Bay Street. Jacksonville. or address
J. P. BECKWITH, Traffic Manager. J. D. BA LHNEB, A. P. A.
t. Anuethin .
SEND-US ONE DOLLAR
I-... J d. v4 ai, -11 u .i r *..a u, Illhs *sa Id" W
sI2PMOTrK ACRE MtUZK FAh10 Oft"l, 11aesgstC. 1.s.ll
rxulatl. You can examine at t your neanreast fi do
Mn I if you find it exfctasl rap entm 4 equal to or t*At
retail at st0 to 0 to he reat vale youl verm w as
far baeter than organs aevermed brothers at more mner,
Lh. freight agent ear aleedal S days' $ prA, *S.
less the.L00, or M. 1, and frght charges
$31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL AYS' PRICE
ti bye m' Such ae als weas nave maselefte.
TlE ACME OUKIEN olse o K mIemDUaAUlA RSWS
russtraUelrms em. rrom tmhe lllusati onshown,whieh
is cn;,aved direct from phooa r e formsomeldMeaolt
beautiful appears hno --e oft eI. adrter sawed
oas, antque flnh haMrdmeloatdindo tl
lat e st 1 9 t l e V HS S A M t e e t 6 n c h e s h i ;
Inches lon. inches wide and weigh po un Con
i Ti swell, 1 lOr fcI, s wel OUnahses Boe__
ai rrss. Pr.a ees.. ACE EEC e |asee
4aftlidoftm Principa l l Rem Se sUE in l i
tion onsist of thecelebratedrfl n ,which re
ACME iUEEN tI te.r'shed with 03am" beveled
plateaench mirror, nikel phest pedal fr
and every modern Impro. mer. w n
"1e0110 s.e.mad d sme bast
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. ia'eer A
sume a written indml kyerav eiatee. by th
terms tofwa whicndhsay pteet is ou
wemraitfle er ebaos. iTry tmonthand
oe wll refud your money UI yo ae ot pefetly
sati ed, L of theee oan will bte old tStL6 I
QVI0a AT Ow CE. ]DN' EULt.
OJR RELIABILITY iS ETABUIhNED u r
not dealt with us ask your ADOsrs about uswrlte g
She publisher of this pereror eopltn National
ank, or Corn ExnbdgNa -laak, Cieseo; or German Exhange BPk, ew York; or ny railroad oerlse
company in Cbhilo. We k 41 1M If erm i7 4 e.s, oeany ment om of the larsttminei bsloh If
Chicago, andemploy0 arLy s peopleitnour own blding. 1n 5 M*llOU AT aM.-aimdupg; l
Mnd p; a am rythins in mueMl Itrmenat at lowet whols price. Write for free speclorvUp=
admdeaicaltstr aureont lalolEw. Addrem, (S10sL0 1,b mre k & b l-- H laM
8RARStROBU. & 00. (0c.). FrMt Fl. 10 1ass W aurm OFHIOAOO. ILL.
Walter G. Coleman, who for twenty retary of war to be auditor for the
years has been general traveling pas- Philippine Archipelago and Island of
senger agent for the F. C. & P. R. R. Guam, an Important office with a
Co., has been appointed by the sec- good salary attached thereto.
"~---- -- ------ ----- -- ----- -- --
- -- -
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
BUT STILL IN BUSINESS.
The freezes ruined our business and now a fire ruined our stock
and warehouses, but we are still "ON DECK" and ready to serve our
Simon = Pure =Fertilizres
TI'IE TRIED AND CROP TESTED
And never fails to give satisfaction.
All kinds of Fertilizing Materials kept in stock and sold at close
Please write us and let your wants be kntiWn, and remember that
we got the insurance and now you have the assurance that your order
will be filled, and we are here to stay.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THEi IDEAL" BRANDS--
0r, HAVE THESE. "W"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you-can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pficts:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ............... $3o.0o per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD. BONE AND POTASH.....$25.'- per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE...............$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $25.w per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE...........$3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER.....................$2.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT IZFR COMPANY,
Iw g'ps p rlm Btled mand BIe IwI ; w r toa Dam v',1',d U gnrT The Ideal Totseeo r ttllUar. s44.0o0 wr a