'V 1%3L N
Vol. XXVII, No. 3. Whole No. 1353. DeLand Fla., Wednesday, January 17, 1900.
$2 per Annum, in Advance.
Forming Operation for January.
At the threshold of another year
the Florida farmer should have his
plans all made for the year's crops.
What to plant? The different fields
apportioned to the crops intended for
same. Cantaloupes well ransacked
and seeds ordered of the different va-
rieties for planting. In this connec-
tion let me advise all my readers to
order their seeds as early as possible,
because the seed supply is short this
year, and if one wait too long he is
apt to get left on some seeu later on.
Frost is apt to come at the most un-
expected times and eut our early veg-
etables short, but we must not allow
such as that to discourage us. Al-
ways keep a supply of seeds on hand,
be ready to replant in the event of a
fiost cutting off some of those grow-
taIthe "flelb- l..advisable to keep
the plow going as steadily as possible,
plowing under the last year's stubble
and weeds. Land for Irish potatoes
should be made ready for next month's
planting. My favorite mode of prep-
aration for this crop is to lay off the
land about three feet and a half apart
by opening up a good deep furrow
with a turn plow going twice in the
furrow, scattering the fertilizer in this
furrow. If stable manure is used put
it in the furrow as deep as possible,
then bed on to this and let it lie for a
few weeks in this way. When ready
to plant the potatoes open up this bed
with a bulltongue plw, drop the pota-
to cuttings in that furrow and cover
with a board. This retains moisture
to the young potato plant and makes
future cultivation easy, in that it ne-
cessitates plowing to the plant every
time. A word as to the fertilizer to
be used on this crop. Fresh stable
manure should never be used on Irish
potatoes. 'A mineral fertilier is al-
ways the best. But if nothing but
stable manure is to be had, see that it
is well rotted before applying, or the
crop will be scabby and a poor keep-
er. If on opening up the bed previous
to planting, a good sprinkling of hard-
wood ashes is applied, it helps to
make a better quality of potatoes.
Oats can still be sown, but it is rath-
er late, and unless the season is very
favorable the crop Is apt to be unprof-
This Is the month to make prepara-
tions for the melon crop, both musk
melon and water melon. Land intend-
ed for them should be laid off, for
water melons, eight by eight feet, for
musk melons or canteloupes, six by
tour feet or five by five. A good grade
ft semmwn- a rtilmr abeamd be w-
plied to these furrows, making it heav- dom seen in the Southern garden anid
lest at the checks. These furrows yet it is one of the most delicious of
should be bedded each way by throw- all vegetables. Try an ounce of the
ing four furrows to each, that is two seed and set out. same as cabbage, or
on each side and leaving the land in sow them like turnips and thin out to
that condition until a few weeks be- eighteen inches in the row and you
fore planting time, then more fertilizer will be astonished at the article you
Is applied and covered the same way. will get.
The usual way of digging holes at the
checks and filling with manure and
stuff doesn't work well in the sandy
soil of tne South, and any vegetable
fertilizer such as stable manure or cot-
fon seed meal makes a poor quality of
melon and a miserable shipper.
In the garden, beets and carrots can
be sown. Some radish should be mix-
ed with them so as to show the drill
when they came up. Tnis is the best
time to sow cabbage seed for
spring planting; a sowing should be
made every two weeks to insure a full
supply of plants at the proper time.
The variety that has done best with
me is the "Solid South," it is a flat
headed variety and sure header.
Those who grow tobacco should sow
this seed early in the month. January
plants make the best tobacco every
English peas should be planted ex-
tensively every two weeks; they are
hardy and will stand any ordinary
weather we may get from now on.
Lettuce can be sown at intervals.
the cabbage varieties are the most
suitable at this time of the year.
Parsley should be planted early in
the month, the seed should be soaked
for twenty-four hours previous to
planting, as it takes a long time to
germinate (about 3 weeks), this time
of the year.
Now is the time to sow collard seed
for the main crop. Kale should also
be sown now so as to have plants for
March setting. Those that grow cel-
ery should make a couple of swings
this month. Frost may take the young
plants as they are very tender but
one has to risk at a lot at this time of
the year, and it is better to be on the
safe side and provide plenty of seed
in case of loss on this account.
.Asparagus roots should now be set
out if not already done. Onions from
the fall planting of seed will be now
ready for transplanting, this should
be done as soon as possible. If there
is danger of heavy frost a mulch of
dry hay will protect an onion plant
perfectly and won't hurt the plant.
Ruta-bagas and turnips can be sown
at any time. For an early turnip the
Milan varieties are recommended;
they don't grow large but they are
very early and of excellent flavor.
Kobl-rb4, is a vegetable very sel-
Those who want very early cucum-
bers and that have the time to fuss
with them, can set a few seed in flow-
er pots and when they have the third
set of leaves transplant into a bed
where they can be covered for protec-
tion against cold weather. Onion seed
for onion sets for next fall planting
should be sowed at the end of the
month. The white varieties are the
most suitable for this purpose, I have
always had the most satisfaction from
the "Giant White Tripoli;" it is a flat
white onion and of delicious quality.
Sow the seed very thick so Wt~bep
the bulbs from getting too large.
They will be ready to harvest in June
before wet weather sets in. Tlhe
Prize-taker is also a good onion for the
South but its color is against it.
All fences should be put in perfect
order now. as later on there will be no
time for that, and a poor fence Is
naiways a menace to good farming.
New land should be cleared now and
plowed as soon as possible, but don't
plow new land with a turn plow. Cut
it. in chunks with the smallest scooter
plow on the farm; which method is
the most satisfactory on our sandy
soil of the South.-C. K. McQuarrie in
Laurel Hill Gazette.
Some Secrets of Successful Garden-
believe we will not- be contradicted
when we say that the grocerymen as
a rule would advise every man who
intends to enter the grocery business
-but who is ignorant of the business
-that he spend several years in its
mastery under a prosperous and able
head. But this same groceryman will
come to Florida and do Just what the
farmer does when he attempts to run
a grocery. Tne .training for commer-
cial gardening is just as severe as the
training to make money conducting a
grocery. The groceryman sees clearly
the farmer's failures trying to run a
Evety lan to His Trade.-The suc-
cessful Florida gardener likewise sees
defeat and financial failure in every
stroke the grocer makes when he at-
tempts to garden. Want oftegotism
prevents us from adiAsing the grocery-
man sm cwail. Ohkr the rous
work, as a farm hand. We admit we
believe he would learn fast. Last win-
ter an old retired, successful wholesale
boot and shoe dealer, having some
financial interest in Florida gardening,
visited Bear Head Farm. I knew how
futile his efforts would be, but I had
respect for the man, as he had maste.-
cl his own profession; so 1 tried to
get the first element necessary to Sue-
cess into his head.
We were then cutting an I shipping
lettuce. I showed him how much fer-
t:lizexr we had put on, and to hit
hiim right hard I told him I doubted
if lettuce ever paid its best until #200
per acre had been spent in fertilizer.
He stood aghast. Right here is the
tirst great failure of Inexpert garden-
Many persons whose vigorous years Insufficient Use of Fertilizers.-I
have been used in the mastery of other know a successful celery grower, who
occupations come to Florida in their says nothing but saws wood, who
latter years and make a trial at gr- uses four tons of blood and bone to the
dening-and mostly fail--fail because acre, adding low-grade sulphate of
they do not know that there is both an potash to balance, then, as a finisher,
art and a science in successful com- 200 to 500 pounds of nitrate of soda to
mercial gardening. A groceryman or a the acre. This, on previously well-
wholesale shoe and boottcasrovt oniTx fertilized land. An old saw of the
wholesale boot and shoe man, who gardener is (and gardeners have mer-
commenced below the office of clerk, ry old saws in their unwritten lore),
but is now the head of a prosperous "fertilizers always pay best on rich
firm, when a prosperous farmer sells land." Now, many a city business
his farm and starts in opposition to man would condemn the above ferti-
him, sees loss in every inapt act the lizer bill as extravagant. But if a
sometime farmer does. But the farmer came to a large city and rent.
farmer sees it not, he is blind ed a garret up stairs in a back alley to
to his own defects. The groceryman run a wholesale grocery to save money
can predict to almost an unerring cer- rent. it would be no greater financial
tainty the financial collapse and fail- blunder than is daily committed by
ure of the farmer. There is an art and these Northern cfty business men
science in successful grocery keep- when they come to Florida to garden.
ing which only gives up its secrets to Let us look the matter squarely in
those who toil long, laboriously and the face what the gardener must ac-
single-minded at the busiaes. We complish to be suemess Let th
W _- -VtrTmr I - - - ___
3 v THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Northern groceryman of a city of 25,- faithful performance of the duties and ing varieties and they publish a report failure of her maple syrup crop. Ave
000 search out the man who raises the obligations suggested by the natural of a yield of over 600 bushels to an if not defoliated by insects, the "sugs
fnest vegetables that supply the requirements in several lines and the acre, while other choice sorts produced camps" must fail eventually, but ou
welthiest of that city. same recognition of natural demands only a little over 100 bushels. Grown sugar cane productions can never fa
Let him drive out and see his gar- will produce like wonderful and lene- according to the established principles Cassava as a source of starch ha
dens. He will find that the gardener facial results in all agricultural lines of "'Seed Development" in a limited solid quatities, aside from its (eedln
has been years in enriching and build- as applied to grains, fruits and veget- way only this variety shows great and value, which entitles it to rank as on
ing up his garden. He will find piles ables. valuable qualities foi the general farm- of the coming prominent staples. Th
and stacks of manure to enrich the Take for example the great staple ers crop. president of the Planters' Manufactua
overrich garden. He thinks the gard- production of agriculture, corn, and The "Golden Hubbard" squash was ing Company of Lake Mary, a co
ener is wasteful and extravagant in what are the demands that are made grown this season and proved truly a pany which has installed a large p
his manure. Let this groceryman in order to the improvement of the great acquisition in the line of this for the manufacture of cassava star
right there attempt to raise vegetables seed of this grain? Does not "nature useful vegetable. The "Golden Hub- stated in an interview lately that
as good as the gardener's-what toil, itself teach" that one stalk growing in bard" possesses the very finest quail- raw material for starch costs one-th
how much enriching and building up a place will produce a better growth ties for all purposes, excellent for bak- of a cent and 1 1-4 cents per pound I
of soil he will have until he is abreast than if one or two more stalks are ing, stewing, and unexcelled for pies. corn and cassava respectively. B
with him, until his vegetables will be grown together with the one stalk? The seed of this squash was obtained cassava starch is able to compete wi
sought after by the richest purses of What then are the imperative de- from Mr. J. V. Vaughan, of Chicago. corn starch because of its super
that city, and be admitted on the ta- mands of natural law, in order to the Another new candidate for favor In quality. In a monograph on starec
ble side by side with the gardener's. improvement of seed of this great the squash line, is a very large vari- prepared by Dr. A. T. Cunner, t w
Transfer this same battle to Wash- staple? ety of the "Hubbard" family, growing stated that in Europe arrow rp
ington, New York, Philadelphia and The rule then to be observed is to to the weight of 20 pounds, of very starch, which grades highest, sells f
the rich, those who are able to pay are grow each stalk by itself with suffici- hard shell like all the other true Hub- about 20 cents per pound; cass
supplied from gardens that are en- ent distance to insure the most per- bards, both of the golden variety and starch for about 10, and corn and
riched to their utmost limits. feet growth and permit perfect fertili- the old "standby" Hubbard. tato starches for 4 or 5. In the Untei
The Land Must be Rich.-Now mark nation. All "small grain crops" should be States, however there is not as mu
What follows. Those who, all summer In this way only can the improve- grown from seed that has been treat- difference made, because the starch
through, have lived on the tenderest ment be made that is demanded by ed by "Seed Development," namely, users have not yet been sufficiently ed
vegetables of the richest gardens de- the onward march of civilization, one stalk in a place with wide space ucated to the values of different
mand the same high grade in winter. The "American King" corn, former- between.-E. S. Teagarden in South- grades.
So we here in the South must raise ly called "Iowa King," having been ern Farmer. It is as a feedstuff, however, that w
the same tender vegetables in the win- g. own according to these rules, has consider cassava has its greatest ml
ter that are raised in the best gardens prIoduced results clearly demonstrat- New money Crops. son. The light sandy lands of
in the North In the summer. A De- ing the correctness of these claims. There are no more lowas, no more Ida. while not first-class for corn, ar
Member Philadelphlia market price list To this variety of corn was awarded akotas, to develop. The South has excellent for tubers. Professor 8tock
quotes Florida lettuce thus: at the Iowa State Fair, three first waited long but her turn is coming at bridge of the Experiment Statio
"Fancy lettuce, $3 per basket; com- premiums. First, for largest ears last. New men will require new crops demonstrated that pork can be ma
mon stock, without value." Now the first for best on stalk, and first for not new in the sense of untried, but on cassava at a cost of about three
gardener who has a soil so ricn as to best from Central district. These are staples whose possibilities have never fourths of a cent a pound, while
grow the very best lettuce and whose three of the most valuable and import- been fll tested ranges, vegetables corn it would cost about 3 cents
soil is adapted to lettuce will net per- ant cl-racteristics that belong to corn. and pineapples are valuable produc- pound. This is the result on Flori
haps $1.50 per basket, forty heads to It is utterly impossible to have a tions for men living close to the rail soil, but would not necessarily be co
the basket. At 30,000 heads the acre, large yield per acre unless the ears roads; but for those dwelling further reet for other sections with hea
we would have $1,000 per acre-and are large. Our "American King" back, there must besomething which, and more loamy soils, on which
gat as sure as money comes only to corn has demonstrated the correctness when the grower has harvested it, he rodus from fifty to seventy-flv
te expert groceryman, just so share of the principles of "seed develop- will not have to start on a run with it bushels per acre. It may be years
money only comes to the expert gard- ment" as applied to the production of to the express office, lest it should spoil fore any large number of Florld
ener. To save money by not using fer- corn, as ears have attained the great to the expreansitlest hod farmers will accustom themselves t
dllsers heavily, is like saving the rent weight of over two pounds each and From a county of Central Illinot a a foreign staple as a substitute for
money by trying to run a wholesale measuring 14 inches in length. hundred families some years ago went which has so strong a hold on Amer
grocery up stairs in an attic in a back Potatoes are capable of like improve- t u can agriculture and tradition as corn;
to Southwestern Louisiana, and engag-
alley. ment by planting the very best for ed in rice culture; and not one of these but circumstance can hardly fall
But that fertilizers must be used seed purposes with wide space be- fiies h eer re; t ne o s bring this about to a large extent
heavily is only one phase of the ferti- tween the hills and when the plants famiies has ever returned Most of the future In this State.
User question.-E. W. Shanibarger in are 3 or 4 Inches high thin out to one themarp well-tdo, some arewealthy. Considerable interest is taken now I
Times-Union and Citizen. A resident of this same country a few
Times-Union and Citizen. stalk in a hill, this will give the great- Aresident o is sae ontry a e broomcorn, on account of the remark
est opportunity to grow to perfection days ago calledonthe writer onhi able price 200 a ton-which it
Praoical Demonstration of Seed De- and but one stalk in a place gives a way to inspect lands in Florida elgi- bringing. This however, the re
vrlopment. larger and better growth to the tub- his old neighbors in Louisiaa, bute of a "corner" created by a Northwest
Improvement of the seed for all ers and consequently finer and more prefers some region less malarious, if ern syndicate, who purchased all
oheprefers some region less malareio I
farm crops is the great demand of the productive seed will be produced in t can be found. In this event a num- the brooorn of that section and ad
times When no greater care is giv- th lneber of families will come to Florida to- v ed the price No
en to growing seed than is bestowed This season a choice new variety gether, settle In a colony and erect corn is worth only abput $70 to $75
upon the general crop, no improve- was obtained from J. A. Everett, In- their own ricemll. The Lounsinana tonS The entire product of the Untd
ment in seed can be had and conse- dianapolls, a new introduction nam- colonists have learned that it pays far 8Itates (ciesall grown Illono es a
quently no improvement in the yield ed the "White Mountain." This was better than wheat and corn. o o m tat It is eaaiy
and quality of the general crop can grown with hills wide apart and a por- At the instance of the writer, he needd" The world's demand is only
be relied. tlon thinned to one stalk in a hill. As tested a sample of the pure cane syrup tionable whether Florida farm
To conform to the natural demands the name indicates, it is a pure white, which several parties n different see- onld do well to engage tfarme
of theseveral crops of grains and veg- fine form, splendid table qualities, tions of Florida are canning this sea- o to engge in the a
tables produced on the farm in the cooking mealy and fine flavored, and son. He was delighted with It, and at of broomcorn unless, erhp
production of seed, is to insure one of the valuable qualities of this once expressed a determination to in- might be an ingenious man here nd
great Improvement in the yield and potato is the fact that it grows large, vestigate the subject and learn wheth- there who would learn to make
quality of the general crop grown there being nearly no small ones in er a carload or part of a carload could and manufactre enough to supip
from such improved seeds, the entire crop. A pile of these pota- be shipped to central Illinois at a prof- neighborhood demand.--TmeUnio
What are the great lessons of the toes presents the finest appearance of it. He believed tat his neighbors
hour on these lines as derived from any potato ever seen, being nearly all would buy it up quickly. Tley have
the great improvements already ac- large and a good size, fine form and nothing now that they can depend up-
complished in the various lines of live pure white, on except melted sugar; the glucose e
stock? Tie "Rural New Yorker No. 2" syrup manufactured from corn, at
Consider for a moment the wonder- shows great improvement. Probably Peoria, Is diststaeful to many persons;
fnl developments that have been made there Is no greater potato in the Unit- they are suspicious of it. Maple syrup
on the various strains of horses in ed States for good and profitable qual- this year is almost a forgotten article -
sie, weight, symmetry, beauty, ele- cities, large yield, splendid form, good of consumption. Some kind of an in-
gance and service capabilities, cooking and excellent keeping quail- sect defoliated the maple trees last
Similar great improvements have ties. spring, the flow of sap was greatly ~ ws" s .
been made in cattle, both for meat Yields of 400 bushels have been re- curtailed, owing to the lack" of leaves rkm.,...
and dairy products, as also in swine, ported by farmers that were produced to elaborate it, and the output of syrup Buck to m iYa bsi
sheep and poultry. All of these great on common average farm lands, and sugar wa correppoidingly reduc- INo Sead Anniual he, rmlt
and valuable results have been accom- One of the "Experiment Stations" ed. Vermont, abne. It is estimated, ..... M
polished by a persistent, intelligent and reports a test with many of the lead- suffered a low of $500,000 from the
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
sowing eed. I seed, but not enough to make it hard.
I have often thought the seed- s4o that a crust will be liable to for.i.
man had a hard "row to hoe." :And here the judgment of the garden-
and I have never envied him the ',osi- er must be exercised. for the soil
Option which he occupies, subject as ile should he firmed lmuch more ili <./>
is to the periodical "cussing out" iby we:;iier than when it is d:l:nmp :iid
many of his customers. There used to cool. so as to prevent too rm'c: .air
be some grounds for this abuse, and from entering and drying oin L lit-
there used to be more money in the ile Imoisture there is. Here, a1 dlie fitti
seed business than there is now. The seed bed is a lieessityv s ;2int die so:l
large seed-houses of today have to be wvatr>' will rise well by capiiiary at-
content with small profits, and the uni- rracri')I. It is not only neces:1l y tlhat
form excellence of the seeds they put the bted should be made file on top.
out. has resulted in the enormous ilusi- but it must lie finei all the way down
ness which they do at present. to the subsoil: for if your tine topl
In my experience it is the rarest ex- soil is underlaid with a lot of lumps.
ception for seed not to sprout and tlihet will break the capiliary power
come uniformly well when I obtain of the soil, and the moisture w;il not
them directly from these houses. Of rise.
course they are not infallible, but 1 Always allow yourself plenty of
feel that gardeners as a rule, owe time to prepare your land ahead. You
seedmen a debt of gratitude for the,
general excellence to which they have
brought this industry. There is al-
ways some danger in buying seed-
from local dealers who sell their seed
at second-hand, for there is always
the temptation to work off seed which
they have carried over in order to get
their money out of it, but with their
large seed-houses the case is d:ff~!r''ec.
They cannot afford to put out :,any-
thing unless It Is perfectly silt: git.
as it would injure their business; and
when you get seed from them which
does not germinate, nine times out of
ten it is your fault and not theirs.
And this brings us down to the sub-
ject in hand: What makes seed sprout?
The conditions necessary to geriimi-
nate seed may be briefly stir.t'd. ;a
first, a sufficient amonut of ;ilo:s-nre;
*seen'l. a ee'tain de"g '' of hielrt va:'.-
'X. wvi:h d:ffe:'en: see.i: a.lii.l. :'" ;<-
vc-: of air: al: .l f lrirtlh. rth ailistuc-e ri
No\w n going to work; tI ohna'li
t!."te conldi;.i n<. cns;i 'e 'ab)i, jrd- -
ment must be exercised. \Vlile ;':
above rules will apply n, 1 a gLre'nt'
way to all 4eeds, there are 'otlte:'. :iild
especially rules and cond:riolls wh!i:i
must be observed when dealiti with
individual varieties of seeds. For in-
stance, we have lost a great many
pounds of spinach seed by planting it
when the weather was too warm.
Butter beans have failed to come lup
because the soil was too wet and cold.
We have lost turnip seed by planrtig
them too close to fermen:ing comlmer-
cial fertilizers; while other seeds have
failed to come, some because it was
too dry, others because they were
planteA too deep, and still others be-
cause a crust was allowed to form
over them, So you see there are many
things to contend with, and the suc-
cessful gardener must understand his
seed as well as his soil.
It may sound strange to you to hear
me.talking about my seed which did
not come up, after saying that I had
been uniformly successful in making
them come. But this was the way I
learned how to do it, through that
most expensive of all teachers, ex-
rw It is Impossible for me to
"''tI'up0In .ilarticle of this length the
S conditions best suited to the gei--
mlinaton of every variety of garden
seed; and I miat content myself with
a few of the many points which have
come under my observation. I have
noticed that the more pains I take in
preparing my seed-bed so that thle par-
ticles of soil may be fine and lay close
to each other without becoming pack-
ed, the better the seed will sprout.
The soil needs to be sufficiently com-
pacted to bring it close to the
.lanInot expect a good stand of any-
thing on a poorly prepared seed-led.
Last spring we had tle best stand
of corn we ever obtained. although
the season was very unfavorable in
our locality; ulit we took unusual
pains in hitting the land.
You all know the advantage of a
good stand. and that the failure to ob-
::tin it often means tile loss of all pro-
fit from the crop. A poor stand is al-
wayvi l great disapplointment. :nul we
must be sure that we are doing our
part before we throw the blame on the
I have found it a good plan to ;re-
pare rand fertilize myi land in advance.
and wait for the season to bi just
right before planting. Of course this
takes a good deal of patience somie-
times. but it pays in the long run.
Tihe -writer hopes to take up this
-iibjectc aga:li and treat it further t11 a
future article.-F.T. Merriami. in
He Got the Pass.
Tlhe following amllusing story is told
:it the expense of Col. B. W. Wrenn.
manager of the Traffic department of
the big I'lant System. by a well-known
newspaper man of New Orleans:
"Sonie years ago I was broke in
.New York," lie says. "and hearing that
I. W. Wrenn, passenger traffic man-
naer of the Plant System, was in townl.
I called on him and asked for a pas4
to Jacksonville. It was a pretty
cl'eky request, considering that M1r.
Wrenn didn't know me from Adam;
andl he very properly turned me down.
However, I had to have that pass, so
I kept on tackling him, each time pre-
senting some new reason why the road
should carry me to Jacksonville. The
last time I called the clerk wouldn't
let me in. and handed me one of my
cards on which Col. Wrenn had writ-
ten, 'Keep this fellow out. If ie lboth-
ers me any more I'll go crazy.' That
gave me an idea, and I made a bee-
line for Mr. Plant's private office.
'Mr. Plant.' I said, 'I want a pass to
Jacksonville, Fla.' The old man
looked at me in amazement. 'On what
grounds?' he asked. 'In exchange for
treating Col. Wrenn for threatened
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autB a v o punll pq, 'pepnol a Wo,
s.liuiTI *.i *palldaa I ,'alquo.u intuam
Finally he Jay back in his chair and
roared with laughter. 'Here, Mr.
Smith. lie called to a clerk. 'give this
young man transportation to Jackson-
ville 'and charge it to medical treat-
Iment for Col. B. W. Wrenn.' "-New
Dry Wilt in Pines.
John B. Beach, of West Palm Beach
has this remedy to offer in the Semi-
Weekly Times-Union and Citizen for
what is now getting to be a very com-
mon disease among pineapples:
The dry wilt, the only disease which
has ever attained proportions to ren-
der it a serious menace to pineapple
growers in this state, has not made
much progress during the past year.
Still, little progress has been made to-
ward destroying it. Various attempts
are being tried to fight it with fungici-
des. applied in dry powder and with
spray pumps (in solution), but they
have not met so far with any rweep-
ing success. I trust that at the annual
meeting of the growers association
next month at Jensen, we may obtain
some reliable information, by com-
paring notes and profiting by our mu-
tnal experience may get started on a
line which will show some positive re-
sults during next year. At this point
excellent results have been obtained in
several different cases by the applica-
tion of leaf mould on diseased places.
In one instance spots in an infected
field have been wholly cured by this
means, producing a bunch of vigorous,
thrifty plants standing out tall and
dark green among the rest where a
bushel basket of leaf mould had been
thrown. This seems to be opposed to
what we think we know about the
fungoid nature of this disease. but the
results are marked enough for us to
bear the matter in mind. While my
confidence in the fact that a fungus is
the prime cause of the trouble is in no
manner shaken, still it furnishes mat-
ter for thought and experiment. If leaf
mould cures, permanently and sure-
Iv. we not trouble ourselves to recon-
cile the fact with our theories, or to
bother our heads with any new theo-
ries in the matter. Our object Is to
grow pineapples as cheaply as possi-
ble. and scientific theories and deduc-
tions are only the means to the end:
and if we stumble on the end by "bull-
head luck." we can afford to drop the
Leesburg Cooperage Co.
We are informed by Mr. E. H. Mote
that a new and important business en-
terprise will be established in Lees-
hurg about the first of February, and
the following information relative
thereto is furnished us by him.
The business will be manufactur-
ing of spirits of turpentine barrels and
ample capital is in hand to make it a
success. Mr. J. H. Delcher, of Dade
City, is largely interested in the enter-
prise, and will come to Leesburg to
live. All material and machinery nec-
essary have been ordered and the
cooperage will be located in the large
Mote packing house on the Plant
System track, just east of the freight
POINTImN THE WAY.
When a brave admiral inwar time ges
into an enemy's harbor he knows that
the life of every
man in the feet
his skill and
courage. It is
a tremendous r
yet he cannot feel it
any more deeply sadI
truly than a conscien-
tious physician feel* his
responsibility for the live
of those who are depnd-
ent upon his professional care and skil
He feels that his duty demands mea
than a mere routine, stereotyped interest
in his patients; he feels that his wok is
a serious matter: that it is often a que-
tion of life and death.
"You have my many heart-felt thLs fo
your kindly advice to me in my sickais," writ=
rs. Claus Nelson, of Pico Heights, Los ne-
lea, Cal., Box ii. in a cordial letter to Dr. V.
Pierce, of Buffalo N. Y. "Also for your ook
which I received two years a and which I
could not do without. It is al the Doctor I
have had sice I got it. I had ft-mac trd6bl
and Dr. Pierce's Favorite a Pestol
with the advice given in his book, cred me of
five year' sickness. I thought b my daysW
not be' lon, but your kindness ad aeaHd
would not let me die."
For more than thirty years Dr. Pierce
has occupied a grand and most unique
position for benefiting his fellow ins:
As chief consulting physician of the
great Invalids' Hote and Surgic Insti-
tute, of Buffalo. Almost countlem thou-
sands have sought his services and ad-
vice both in person and by letter.
"He is one of the best men in the
world," said the late President Gargld,
"and he is at the head of one of the bet
medical institutions in the world." Dr.
Pierce's great thousand-page illustrted
Common Sense Medical Adviser" is ~at
free for 21 one-cent stamps to py the
bare cost of mailing, or for hLdo=
cloth-bound copy, 31 stamps He makes
no charge for consultation by mail; he
only requests that sufferers will state
their cases to him fully, freely, and-in
perfect confidence. Address Dr. R. V.
Pierce, 663 Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y.
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 18S, makes it ubmr iEar
any person to sell or offer for sale a asrlw
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the ae* 'we
in packages bearing on the outside in ain
letters a guarantee certifaste of wheI, whhat
and by whom the sed wee grow.
Penalty not less than W, nor man pdm
J. B. Sutton. Seedsman, Ocah, Fla., sea
seed under his trade-mark, as above, e
the certificate required by law; besid a
seeds are tested and the certiiate bea dae
of test and percentage of ge.miea tini
tn him for price tit. lsa. ad t
Mote has been working ever since his
return from California to secure this
business for Leesburg and he will
manage it. When established, this
factory will prove a great benefit to
our town and Mr. Mote will be com-
mended for his enterprise and energy
displayed in securing it.
TFactories, large and small, are de-
sihed. They create an income for our
town, instead of an outgo, and every
enterprise of the kind will be gladly
welcomed by our citizens.--Leesbur
depot of the road. The capacity of the TO CURE LA GRIPPE IN TWO
factory will be 50,000 barrels a year. DAYS.
An experienced cooper from Kentucky Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUIN-
has been employed to foremanize the INE TABLETS. All drugglits refamd
making of barrels, first-class stock the money if It falls to cure. E. W.
will be turned out and be sold as cheap GROVE'S signature on every box. 25
as can be bought in any market Mr.j cents.
_ __f__~__ I_ _I
TH FLO IDAAG ICUL URIST
M* THiE FLORIDA AGRICULTURISt.
About Broomorn, ing four to five inches of stem below
-Three-fourths of the broomcorn of each head. The tall-growing sorts are
tke world is produced with Arcola as "tabled," as it is called. The stalks
the center,. in Coles, Douglass and are broken over about h to 3% feet
_Multri e untles. The soil Is a very from the ground, and two contiguous
feMtile loam, capable of producing rows intercrossed diagonally. This is
frim'ftety-fie to seventy-five bushels done to bring the tops into a conven-
fp Indian corn per acre. Broomcor intent position for the cutters. The tops
wiR grow on any soil adapted to In- are then taken to the cleaning ma-
dian cora, and is not considered an ex- chine, stripped of seed and spread in
h4ustive crop. The usual rotation racks or shelves under roof. The straw
practiced in these counties is an alter- should be cured in shade, and protect-
uition "or Indian corn with broomcorn. ed from rain. The iull process of cur-
The broomcorn Industry has center- ing requires either experience or dis-
ed n- this region because the land will criminating judgment. The straw
pldiuce a good quality of brush, and must not remain too long exposed to
t)e people are familiar with the busi- the air and light, as it will bleach,
nfss and are supplied with machinery whereas it should be cured with as
tq handle the crop. Farmers not fa- much as possible of the green color
nillar with the business would prob- remaining. The time it should remain
ably not be successful at first, and spread depends upon the weather. If
would have to hire expensive help to the atmosphere is damp it may re-
care for the crop. It is a precarious main for a week; If dry, after three
crop. a delay of one week in harvest- days it should be bulked, when it will
Ing meaning a damaged crop, and an go through a heating, which should be
actual loss to the grower. If the examined daily, and when the first ap-
weather is unfavorable at the time of pearance of mould appears it should he
harvesting, the crop will not wait, but scattered and exposed to the air for a
be.ruined. day or two days. and then be bulked.
The cost of raising broomcorn is! When thoroughly cured it may be
about $40 per ton. Three acres are re- 1'nled on a press made for the purpose.
quired to produce one ton. and in fa- or on a cotton press. The straw
vorable seasons the profits are greater should be placed in alternate layers.
than those from Indian corn. The heads in and stems out. filling the mid-
present high price of $200 per ton is dle to secure uniform pressure, press.
not due to an increased demand, but tie with hay bale wire, marking bales
to'a corner by a few brokers. The de- weighing 300 to 400 pounds. Thole
mand increases very slowly, the entire sell, or hold for better prices as n a-
amount used in the world, being only ture judgment may dictate. Under the
about 35,000 tons. Of which 22,000 to Under the conditions noted at the
28000 tons are raised near Arcola. The conditions noted at the outset of this
history of the price has been that an article it will be well for the uninitated
increased area devoted to this crop to ponder well the problems of cultiva-
ineans an overproduction and an im- tion, and those involved in finding a
mediate slump in prices. market for an article which enjoys
The demand for seed for next yeir limited demand. It is a pretty good
cannot be supplied. All sections of thing as a rule to avoid those crops
the State are introducing broomcorn. which everybody proposes to raise; in
According. to Mr. Tolland this means this instance the rule applies with es-
disaster to the grower, and no one special force.-J. 0. Tolland, before :he
should go into the business without students of Illinois Agricultural Col-
making a thorough study of the s!tua- lege.
Land that will grow thirty bushels The Melon and Pickle Worm.
of corn per acre-ought to grow bout The lava of Margaronia hyalinata,
000 to 660 pounds of broomcorn, or a is one of the most serious of all pests
ton to three acre. The land should infesting the fruit of the cantaloupe.
be well broken and harrowed until the Fortunately, however, it does not ac-
soil is fine-the finer the better. The tually make its appearance and hence
Dwgrf Evergreen should be planted in more valuable fruit has been market-
rows, 8 1-2 feet apart; the tall-grow- ed. Late crops, however, may be fre-
Ieg sorts at least at 4 feet. If good, quently quite destroyed by it. The
clean seed of high percentage of germi- first brood of larvae usually feed on
nation can be had, drill about one the vines, quite stripping them of fo-
seed to every three or four inches. If liage, and the second brood attacks
the ground is a lttle cloddy, a little the fruit. Larvae bore either directly
mire seed will be required to secure a into the interior or eat channels or ca-
stand. It is better to spend a little vites into the rind. As many as five or
more time harrowing and rolling than six larvae may frequently be found in
to thin out to 4 to 6 Inches, as will be a single cantaloupe. rt results from
otherwise necessary. The best plan is this attack that the fruit soon decays.
to test the seeds as to vitality and This insect is much more destructive
plant only as many seed as may be South than North, and it is probably
necessary to secure a full stand. Cul- more injurious in the extreme South
tivate just as sorghum grown for seed than in the more northern of the
or juice-dean, shallow cultivation at Southern States. The ravages of this
least once every two weeks. A sharp insect frequently become confused
bupardwing sweep in the hands of a with those of a very nearly related
zatl itMa Is a .riaeot- Implement species, the pickle worm. Margaro-
o ibig b .or two. Any nia nitidalis. The pickle worm fre-
good variety on suitable soil will grow quently attacks the musk melon as
raptly and should be plowed shallow well as cucumbers and squashes, and
wif any good. shallow-running culti- it is in this way that the work of the
vatot two insects becomes confused. There
S:-ja atpg should be done when is probably no practical need of dis-
theli* jba I* -tale mllky stage, and be- tinguishing between them, so far as
fore fte Weight of the head deforms their effect on musk melon is concern-
thesittaw. The straw is much better ed, except that, so far as I have ob-
when Mat at this time, and brings a served the larvare of the pickle worm
better price. The, dwarf kinds are cut do not usually feed on the foliage, but
dkftly urom the standing stalks, ltv- attack the fruit an once. It would
"I Would Not Have Catarrh for a Million Dollars,"
Says Mrs. Carter-Pe-ru-na her Safeguard.
MRS. LESLIE CARTER, THE GREAT ACTRE OF CITY.
MRS. LESLIE CARTER, THE GREAT ACTRESS, OP NEW YORK CITY.
Mrs. Leslie Carter, probably the most
prominent actress in America, says the
following of Pe-ru-na:
"Pe-ru-na is sure to prevent a cold.
It will stop a cough before it be-
comes settled. It cures all catarrhal
affections like magic. No money could
tempt me to be without this remedy for
even a day. It is just the remedy that
all women need, especially snch women
that are exposed to the vicissitudes of
climate, as I am.
"I never neglect an opportunity to
recommend this remedy to my friends.
It is America's greatest remedy for
America's greatest enemy, catarrh and
catarrhal affections. I would not have
catarrh for a million dollars, and as long
as I have Pe-ru-na at hand to promptly
check the slightest symptoms of its
approach, I feel perfectly safe from this
disease." N. Leslie Carter.
Mrs. M. Dooley, Mount Airy, Haber-
sham county, Ga., in a recent letter says:
*I suffered five years more or less with
catarrh of the stomach and pelvic or-
gans. I tried a good many remedies of
my own, and bought medicine from a
doctor that was highly recommended,
although the medicine did me no good
whatever. Finally, I concluded to sub-
mit my case to Dr. Hartman. I wrote
him, and he readily advised me. I
bought some Pe-ru-na, and a few days
after was taken with la grippe. I took
Pe-ru-na and Man-a-lin and I can say
without a doubt that it has entirely
relieved me of all my ailments. Ifeel
better and stronger than I have in many
years. My ap-
petite is all
right, I have no
my former tron-
I am able to do
my usual work
and have every
reason to be-
lieve that my
health is the di-
not result of the use of Pe-ru-na and
thus result that methods looking to
the destruction of larvae of the melon
borer on the foliage would not remove
the trouble in case of the pickle worm.
The pickle worm has been the princi-
pal offender thus far In the State this
Man-a-lin, without which I should have
been dead by this time. There is no
medicine that can equal Pe-ru-na and
Man-a-lin. I find it a sure cure for all
catarrhal affections; as for la grippe
there is no other remedy that can com-
pare with it. I can scarcely find words
to express my gratitude for Dr. Hart-
man's good advice and kindness to
The peculiar ills to which women are
subject are often very dangerous. It
frequently happens that the victim
lives far from competent medical a-
shall she do?
She is not
to go to some
distant city for
ance at home.
This is what she
should do: write
Columbus, O, tell him the whole story,
and he will do the rest. Mrs. Margareth
Fiets, Wilcox, O. T, writes; "I extend
my sincere thanks for the good advice
you have given me. I do not believe I
would be living now if it were not for
you. I had suffered with hemorrhage
for four months and the doctors could
help me but little. They operated on
me three times. It was very painful,
and I only obtained a little relief. As
long as they worked at me, the hem-
orrhage stopped; but just as soon as
they closed the door it would com-
mence to flow again. I was so weak I
could not turn in bed. At last my
neighbors began to speak of patent
medicines. Then I applied to Dr. Hart-
man. I did not know whether he could
help me or not; but I followed his ad.
vice and only used three bottle of P.
ru-na. Now I am well nd as strong -as
I ever was."
Every woman should have Dr. Harf
man's free book to women. Address
Dr. Hartman, Columbus, Ohio.
year, and, of very numerous specimens
bred into the adult condition thls has
been the only species found. At the
Station they infest squash, cucumbers
and muskmelons. They have been
very Injurious to the Crook-seck and
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Scalloped squash, and have shown de-
cided preference for these plants
compared with muskmelons which
were grown In a near by plat. A
habit not heretofore noticed in con-
nection with the pickle worm is. that
they feed on the bloom of the squash.
eating the tender stamens and bore in-
to the ovaries. As many as five med-
ium sized larvae were found in one
bloom. and three full grown larvae
were found infesting a fruit from
which the blossom had just fallen.
Not very much is known of the life
history of these two species of Mar-
garonia. More&Is probably known of
the pickle worm than of the melon
borer. There may be.several broods a
year. as the life cycle 1y quite short
As a rule the-first brood appears late
in June to the'"first of July, and the
second brood about the 25th or 28th
of July. This brood may do great
damage, and practically destroys Au-
gust cantaloupes, squash and cuculm-
hers. The exact manner and place of
depositing eggs has not yet been deter-
inned, and there are many points yet
to be learned about the life histories
of these two very serious pests.
After the fife history is understood
thoroughly, it may be possible to ar-
rive at a successful mode of treat-
ment. The insect is now being inves-
tigated at the Experiment Station.
and we are hopeful of finding out
some facts tifat will be of value in this
connection. The excepted method of
treatment for the melon worm is to
destroy the first brood by spraying the
vines with a mixture of Paris green
and water. By this destruction of the
first brood, It results that the insects
will be much less numerous and the
damage reduced to the minimum. In
the case of the pickle worm, it is
doubtful if spraying vines will be of
much value, and it would' do well to
carefully watch for the work of this
insect early fn July, and as soon as
the melons or cantaloupes are found
to be infested, gather and destroy
them. It may be premature to sug-
gest the value of the crook-neck and
scallop squash as trap plants for these
insects, but the decided preference
shown by these insects for these
plants, even when grown adjacent to
muskmelon patches, is significant.
Those desiring to test the value of the
squash plants as etch crops for the
first brood, should plan them around
the cantaloupe patches and take pains
to gather infested fruit and bloom,
and destroy it, certainly not later than
July 15th or 16th, is about this date
the older larvae begin to leave the
fruit to pupate, and the idea is to de-
stroy the larvae of the first brood and
thus reduce the damage from succeed-
ing broods.-A. L. Quaintance.
The Xoearland Tent.
The recent cold snap which was gen-
eral throughout the State, has had a
happy effect on the fortunes of the Mc-
Farland Fruit Protection, Company,
and the enterprise may now be said
to have passed the experimental stage
and entered upon"a course of active
From all sections where the tent has
been In use, letters of congratulation
have poured in on the efficiency and
and complete fulfillment of all claims
made for the tent. From DeLand
Tudge Gaulden brings the news that
the tent is a "howling success." In
that section the unprotected trees
show considerable damage, while
those which are under the protection
In late years men have made for-
tunes out of the tailings of gold mines.
Tile mills in which the ore formerly
was crushed and the crude processes
then in use allowed a large percentage
of the precious metal to escape, and
that loss amounted in some cases to a
fortune. The stomach is just like a
stamp mill in this respect, that when
it is not in perfect order it allows the
escape and waste of much of the pre-
cious nutriment contained In the food.
That loss when continuous, means the
loss of man's greatest fortune-health.
Science offers a remedy for this condi-
tion in Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery. It corrects the "weak-
ness" of the stomach, prevents waste
and loss of nourishment, and puts the
stomach and organs of digestion and
nutrition into a condition of health
which enables them to save and as-
sim!ulate all the nutriment contained
in the food which is eaten. In all cases
of constipation the use of Dr. Pierce's
Pellets will speedily and permanently
cure the disease.
WANTED--Several bright and hon-
est persons to represent us as manag-
ers of this and close by counties, Sal-
ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight
bona-fide, no more, no less salary. Po-
sition permanent. Our references, any
bank in any town. It is mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference.
Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.
A good time to subscribe.
nns trlctiTDeonfldentlai. andbookon Patents
Anyone .pndlrg a sketch and d-scriptinn marT
gnickly ;s,.ertain our opinion free whether a"
i vention i Probablypatentable. Ce tmuns
,imama rietly eonfdential. Handbook on Patents
rent free. Ot!'est agency for securing patents,.
Patents taken tbrounh Menn a Co. receive
special notice, without charge, in the
A handsomely illurasted wmeklr. I.nrest elr-
eulation of any scienttio .ournais Tern:s, 3 a
year: four months, SL Soldbyal newedealer.
SMUNN CNow*0 NeOw
Wit, Soothing, Balmy 011i.
Cancer, Tumor. Catarrh, Piles. Fistala. Ulc^rs,
cr ma and all Skin and Womb Diseases
Write for Illustrated Book Sntfree. Address
Kansas Olty, 1Mo.
Nothing but a simple cloth as
far as you can see, but the
magic of its touch removes tar-
nish and smuchiness as a damp
rag removes dust. 15 cents a
sheet . . . .
Without a penny to pay. Every
little girl whose mother now or
in the future, uses Witchkloth
can get a pair of beautiful slip-
pers made to fit her dolly. .
CHEMICAL SPECIALTY CO.,
9xZLCUTZD IN ........
THU LATEST DIMIGN5 OR
and G rarite.
r on% airsm% - -
2.7 BOX RAI COAT
of",. V. 1 %
o 1.rlun -. i ,- -
wev .lsead I
mOrange, Lemon, de Pom elo
t aVe Ktumquat, Mandan
i a V'" o s "au s*
Ssas d otw s r* s
6o Jhevrad ou r heo e
| i f| Reme"ber *t are
i e a1 r VTheadqearmster --d t -
St ij South for Pa. Ban
of1 ICA'a boCi. FierS MuD c r 1 m
free. REASON u OS, MnL O rit
.We offerI an eellent tcAC of Cimou .e
Orange. Lemon. Pomelo
mo me n a smoke-hoe with
Setc., o n evr iou stot k
all aime and low mat.
Send for new lisr t Jil
Rememr become are
he atqoarter in the o
outM fomr Pod m BaCo
bo o, Fcome fcorative
and Ornamental plants
ofe I anl al sorts Catalogue
free. REASONr BROS., Onefo, Pa.
LIy ID ]EXTRlACT OW SaORE.
Smoking meats in a smoke-hoese with all ltr
dela andannoyaneos and the cont ant rat-
ger of thleve getting the
S awaR with merwea and
there' Iquid E xtrt f mokemoe pa
by It Krsucor Bro., of Mllton,
meat when the woo la ed under n
m The house It I pploed with a bvor f me
P perfectly healthful and is a betters
a sponge an the meots wao e huna in ag
garret or other safe place, away rom
tlievee either fonr-legled or two-legge.
T Ksre manra t quar xtt owill 8 to ais
prpn red from selected hickory wood.
t ontins the same ingredients that preserve
meat when the wood is burned under it in a
smoke-house. It improves the flavor of meat
is perfectly healthful and is a better eguard
Saginst insects than the old way of smoeng.
The manufacturer will send cirmcsr to ma
I'or temeterv and wn enclosure ar sA SSll nrLA3
All work guaranteed. Pricea-reason"a e. A i
correspond witht: :: or oeail f wrSlan we'u
be sut by exsal.sC, 0. D.- ubNeetto eas
GEO. R. NICHOLB 4 CO. s "miatine-. ean
u( HarruIon Bteset. Express ofleed if s foumiJdel -
S--HP - l OA factory ands i n
| t 10 Jl l f ~ayyorea ifs lm i aml
.i s ll 1 *d e 11 gl"eaA asEr
Isle Toilet Cream" l as .i a ..
^a sacriow f.Jtl Cetri. n. Italian inning. umne raujr.a. blf
To keep a clear complex rehdrtsh rtalkma-d k
ion and tender skin try it a .,s,
i1 and 26 cts per bottle at lsyTas, r.seaerSml ska5. o, eotasashmm esa
Drugists, or mailed Mad plates.t tspe memurad flllnrl.oorUA .--
J t D^only by 8 tM a. WIGGIN M Y'I Sutte made te Jaer Seas up. 5am. ,
o a Chicago. Sold by ieS t free on appMlkCtio A d
o, ruggiss SEARS, ROEBUCK t CO. e s.), COkiu a ULa
Wloleu~e D~posset oft -too SkILwsedt ON" bmh
of the McFarland tent came out un-
scathed. From San Mateo, still farth-
er north, Mr. S. W. Rowley, the special
agent of the Florida East Coast Rail-
way. reports that the tents on Mr.
Flagler's grove were all that could be
desired, and Mr. Rowley declares that
lie will undertake, with the McFarland
tent and a couple of common 25 cent
lamps, to carry the tenderest guava or
banana through the hardest freeze
Florida ever had. Mrs. S. E. Barbour.
in a strong letter, gives her unqualified
endorsement of the tent, and has since
ordered more tents for her charming
home at Eau Gallie. In Mr. McFar-
land's own yard the application of
heat under tents preserved his guavas
intact. and the bushes are now full of
38 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
PEN ANJD CXSSOB.
Dr. Croose. in an article in The Lan-
cet on black water fever, incidentally
calls attention to the fact that it is not
wise for those who have an idiosyn-
crasy against quinine or who suffer
from even alight albuminuria to go to
malarious climates. He believes that
in the more malarious districts at
least five grains of quinine should be
taken a day to prevent chronic malari-
al poisoning. I'hls he considers neces-
sary in addition to ordinary, precau-
tions In regard to exposure to chills.
Take a pIne of glass-a broken one
will do-and secure it by placing the
ends between the leaves of two large
books, letting the glass be two inches
from the table. Cut from lightweight
writing paper, dolls, dogs and other
figures. Place them on the table be-
neath the glass. Rub the glass vigor-
ously with a silk handkerchief, and
the figures will cut all kind of antics.
One of the severest punishments a
refractory soldier can experience is to
be "nailed down" in a tent. It is said
that a Turkish bath is a frigid affair
wet and the sun and as to moderation as compared with a perfectly close
in eating and drinking, tent under a hot sun, and after an
hour or two of that sort of sweating
One great reason for the popularity the most rebellious soldier will readily
of the automobile is that it can be promise to be good.
more readily managed by women than
horse-drawn vehicles. Many women A Russian Pole, Barysik, has grad-
objbet to driving horses on account of sated with honors from the medical
th4t liability to shy or bolt. The au- college of Warsaw university, at 75.
tomobile offers marked advantages in Obliged to support himself, he was
this reApeet, bht "nd lady' s uld try nearly 40 before he entered the uni-
running an automobile until she versity in 1863. Almost immediately
thOroaghly understands the mechan- he joined the Polish insurrectlonlsts,
Imau. and when the revolt was suppressed
he was sentenced to hard labor in the
When the council of ten ruled Ven- Siber;an silver mines. Pardoned after
lce"'hey slased a decree regarding the 32 years, he returned to the university
art of' glasmmaklng. It runs: "If & in 1895, finished his medical studies in
wrk ailta cArr his art beyond limits two years, and commenced practice in
ofthi country to the detriment of the Warsaw with irn;husiasm.
republic. he shall be desired to return.
It he disobey, his nearest relatives An enterprising Georgia farmer has
i jgBtnU. If, _in pite of! twoomo tho pianpoe In a new indulloy;
thebr amprtilUoment, he remain obstI namely, making syrup out of water-
nae in l wish to live abroad, an melons. He cuts the melons in halves,
.issaty shall be told off to kill him'i
ie y sls be told to ill hi coops out the pulp, runs it through a
cider mill,' presses out the juice and
Belgium is the most confused little then boils the liquid for twelve hours
a at on earth. In the great over a hot fire. Out of 270 melons,
cities the population is made up of in- worth $3 to $6 at wholesale, he gets
axttrfhble mirture of Rlemlah race &hlrty gallons of syrup and markets
nd the Walloons, pure French and the product at 50 cents per gallon.-
Germans. Add' to this broad splashes Philadelphia Record.
of the Spanish blood that came in with
the princes of the last century and
you have a curious conglomerate Not being able to trace anything in
man-the brave little Belgian. connection with the loss of the 2,000
rupees from the cash safe of the Sura-
From the name of Robert d'Oyley ti Bazaar company, the directors have
orillnated the word dolly. A gralt of resorted to astrology and finally sorce-
land was given to him in the reign of ry. Every employee of the bazaar was
William of Normandy on the condition, given a mouthful of rice to eat which
that he should give yearly a tablecloth' had been previously put through some
o at lea* three shIllings' value at the magic preparation the betief neilg
fthRt of St. Michael. According to the that if the person who had taken the
csmtpm of the times, the women of his money ate the rice some very great
family were skilfil With the needle,, misfortune would befall Aim. It is
aa felt great ptide in embroidering, not recorded that any of the employees
tlair "quit rnmttableclothes." In time have yet met with a disaster --Ian-
tlihe clothes came to be valuable, gum Gazette.
-abdtere used as napkins at the royal
tatet They were called "d'Oyleys." Earl# Chicks.
-..ew O n Tmea-Democrat Now that Thanksgiving and Christ-
nmasrare past, it is time to turn our at-
In Iceland the native's dinner usual- tention to preparation for early spring
ly eonsalts of dried fish and butter.' chickens, which we should endeavor
The fish is the ling or cod, which, to have hatched not later than Felb-
when caught, is split open and then ruary 1, says the Home and Farm.
hng on lines by the seashore to dry in The principal trouble that we have to
edi winds and'h6t sun. When thus encounter is a lack of broody hens;
pseaerved, they wil keep for years, be- still, with the advent of incubators.
lig as hard as the nether millstone. we can defy the hen and proceed to
Wben wanted for dinner, the fish Is hatch chickens during any month of
wll hamm~*l by a stone mallet and the year. When the hens have been
then cut up lAto strips. In this state properly handled, they should have
they are eaten, but ..t is said that it been-laying since October. and will
needs an Icelander's -teeth to get therefore, begin to get broody during
through the meal. The butter is not this month. The writer has had more
ipred on the Ash, but-the two are tak- than half a dozen fhat wanted to set
en alternately, nrt a- mBouthll of fish, during the last two weeks.
t Ba a mouthful of bi.tter. It may A separate apartment should he ar-
eaa"ly be supposed thatthe Icelander is ranged for the setters, in which they
Thankful to have his jaws wel greased should be confined during the period
between evety mouthful of the tough of incubation. Let her set a few days
bnisel in her usual place, then, after
Babies and children need
proper food, rarely ever medi-
cine. It they do not thrive
Son their food something is
wrong. They need a little
Help to get their digestive
machinery working properly. x
w 1U'1 OFr
COD LIVER OIL
Swill generally correct this
If you will put from one-
a fourth to half a teaspoonful
= in baby's bottle three or four s
times a day you will soon see
a marked improvement. For
Larger children, from half to
a teaspoonful, according to
1age, dissolved in their milk, -
if you so desire, will very
= soon show its great nourish.
Sing power. If, the mother's
milk does not nourish the,
baby, she needs the mul-
sion. It will show an effect
*at once both upon mother
and child. -
5oc.andxa.o all drggt
SSCOTT & BOWNE, Chemist, Naa Vork. .
m4s mew- h ii OI r .l.a
having i nest preprlled in a room pro-
vided for the purpose. remove her
gently after dusk and put her on the
nest. leaving a few porcelain eggs un-
tier her. Should slie be inclined to
wlliit ss. it lility lie uIPt.ssiar tO NII
up a board in front of the nest, and
keep her confined a day or two. After
the so.ionrd dnyi tnke the aogs and gent-
ly put then under ler. after removing
the nest eggs. leaving the board down,
so that she may come off and get food
Whole corn, grit. fresh water and a
dust box should be placed in front of
her nest, anil then she should be left
quietly alone. The confinement will
not injure her in the least, and at tlhe
end of three weeks she will bring off
her brood in perfect health. After the
first week dust her iwell with Persian
Insect Powder. and then again a few
days before the chicks are due to
hatch. A little green food. such asI
cabbage. carrots. or rye will be reliih-
ed by setting hens, though they Fhould
be fed sparingly. Corn should consti-
tute the principal food, as during t:he
cold month's the liens require a hR it-
ins diet. Several hens may be set In
the samlle room, thus saving the trou-
ble of caring for each separately'.
The Mother of Consumption.
Howthis Dread Disease May be Prevented and
Cured-The Greatest of Specialists Writes
on the Subject
Catarrh is the mother of cor-,umption.
By this I do not mean that every casejf catarrh de-
velopes lnto connFUmpti, n, InutI
do mean iat cautarrn when un-
checked, and w-h(n rivcn the
proper optl.rtuniit(-i; 1 r exten-
1ion from its ilac otf bc-zilitlr.a,
which is the n. al Ia.sFa-lts.
deeper and' deer al ng the
breathln a tract. inTariaily ends
in Consumption of the Lungs.
Catarrh seldom d stroys any
considerable part of the mucous
surface of the upper air pass-
ages; It inflames and con.-cts
them. causirc usually a uI r-
abundant and offensive di.-
charge; ut when It reaches Ihe intensely delicate
lining of the hair-li.e lung tubes and little Iunn- cells.
the Inflamation and congestion a bich it cairwet
closesthese small air passages and, alloirg the
putrid discharged matter to accumulate, causes a rot-
ting away of the membrane, resulting in what we
call O.)nsmotinn of the Lungs.
THE TENDENCY OF CATARRH
The tendency of catarrl, ahen ithas onceobtained
a foothold in any portion of the mucous membrane
which lines every cavity of the body, is to constantly
extend in every direction.
Catarrh In almost every instance starts with what is
commonly known as cold In the head This cold is
added to by anotnuir. Lecatse otsome e ctra exrioplre
or wakenins of ite system and becomes cn0drio
asal catarrh Is the result. Unless a radic Icnreof
this condition is effected, the disease rasFes rapidly
to the throat, to the bronchial tubes, and then to the
lungs. NEW LUNGS.
Consumption cannot be cured. New lnrs cannot
be made for a man any more than new flneersora
new nose; but catarrh can be cured n all its stages
except this anal and always fatal one.
A CERTAIN CURB.
In an experience of twenty years, during which
time I have treated many thousands of cases of all
forms of catarrh, I have never vet f filed to effect a
radicaland permanent cure. Th0 method I enrlFo
is one exclusively my own, and the remedies which I
use are prepared under my personal direction in nmy
Many people imaging they have Cnnsumi tier, hen
in reality the disease has not quite reached that
stage. I am treating and cutna cases of this sert
every day. So long as the process of decay has not
begun in the lun- themselves, Ican make the patient
perfectly well and strong.again.
BEGIN AT ONCE.
Let me once more urge all catarrhal sufferers to
begin treatment at once, for a month of treatment
now is better than the three months later on
I shall make for the next month a -pccisily low fFt
tno tiinI statement of e larrn not cmillcrleine I r
other dieaueas making no extra chat r totally s,
lcluna etc., that may be required.
J, NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D
Dr. Hatl lry Ak Co..
5 Bryan Street, avawnah. Ga.
XEwTION THIS PAPEB WHEN WRITIGO.
m* lU iif35 eiRuns VITALIIT ,
e, e LOST VIGOR,
NERVITA MADi MANLOO
Cirea IipoktnQy-, Night Emiooioinb ald
wasting diseases, all effects of self-
s abuse, or excess and indi.
retain. A nerve tonic and
Blood builder. Brings the
pink glow to pale cheeks and
a restores the fire of youth.
V% By mail 0)e per box; 6 boxes
for $2.50; with a written guaran-
tee to cure or refund the money.
NERVITA MEDICAL CO.
0Mriln & Jaolckm sat, COUCAOO, MJ.
For sale by W. A. Allen A (o., Drug-
gists, DeILand. Pit
A QUICK CURE FOR
COUGHS AND COLDS
Very valuable Remedy in all
0 affections of the
THROAT or LUNGS
A Large Bottles, 25C.
DAVIS & LAWRENCE CO., Limited,
J'r,.-is of Perry Davis' Pain-Killer.
THE OPEN 00OR POLICY
sounds all right, but the open held had better have
Page Fence around it, with one or two Page Oate.
PAt19 WOVEX WINE tI CeO, AiDUIA, U(IIL
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
__ I; .- -
Addrem a communleatioms to the
t. W. t. Ste, wltr ad,
Antig on Iseptops.
This is a climbing vine, a very vigor-
ous one when well established. The
ems are herbaceous and are killed
own each year in this state. Where
here is no frost, it is probably an
evergreen. The root is tuberous,
rowing deeply under ground and is
ever bhut by any Florida cold.
'hough the stems were killed last Feb-
nary well down into the soil, yet the
oots soon sent up new shoots. We
w in Jacksonville the front of a two
tory house and at least twenty feet
ride, completely hidden by a growth
f this vine and the stems were cover-
d from top to bottom with long clust-
re of its beautiful rosy pink flowers.
The plant ha dtwv or three coninan
ames. Southern florists list it as
kntigonon leptopus, the Rosa de Mon-
ana or Mountain Rose of Mexico.
ome at the North call it "Mountain
A Northern seedsman last spring of-
ered seed of it claiming that the root
rould prove hardy at the North. This
eems very improbable, at least unless
he ground was so deeply covered with
traw or leaves as to prevent the soil
Qolchionm-A Year's Growth.
Under the above title we find in
Vick's Magazine the following account
)f a fall lowering bulb. We have nev-
a tested and do not know whether it
would thrive in Florida. In fact the
probabilities seem very much against
t. If any one has had any experience
irith 't here, we should be very glad
o hear from them.
But If we knew positively that it
mould not be grown in this state, we
should still publish it, as a very inter-
Mting description of a remarkable
plant. We know of but one other
plant which blooms 'in' the fall in a
Southern climate and ripens its seed
the following year. The plant we refer
to is 'famamealls Virflnlna_ or Witch-
An inch above the base of the bulb ter. When the winds played with an~a i O crop Cl.t
these styles broaden and unite into tossed the delicate 'umbrellas,' the
the walls of a tiny three-celled casket, plant in its glass receptacle with its gTow with-
filled with the minute, translucent network of white roots showing
seeds. We seem, as we examine it, to through, was one of the loveliest out Potash.
be burglarizing Titania's jewel case. things imaginable. Every blade of
This stem, with its store of pearly "Tuberous Begonias.-A large boxy b e
treasures, is protected at the base by containing tuberous begonias was Grass, every grain
four very small, ivory tinted leaves, greatly admired. The soil was very
These clasp the stalk like little hands, rich, loose loam, and the bulbs were of Corn, all Fruits
each succeeding one grasping just set close together, almost too closely,
above the last, two overlapping and in fact, for the thick, heavy, hand- and Vegetables
breaking joints with the other two. large leaves were too crowded for the must have it If
On one side of the bulb is this stem best effect. Crimson, white and lemon t av If
with its dainty wrappings, and bulb were the colors used, and the great, enough is supplied
and stalk are bound into one by layers waxy blossoms with their tufts of gol-'
of very strong brown fibres. This is den stamens, were exquisite;-no, you can count on a fll crop--
what by the aid of a sharp knife and that is hardly the word. for their beau-
a small magnifying glass, we saw of ty was of a voluptuous sort, better ex- if too little, the growth will be
bulb and bloom on a November day. pressed perhaps by the word gorgeous. ',
Soon after this the cherry blossoms After all I believe no one word could scrubby.
drooped their heads upon the frozen do them exact justice. I find them ex- Send for our books tdlg da iaboutn mpr at
earth for a long winter sleep. ceedingly tractable, but they do not fertizes best adapted for al crops. ThI ca1ty
"April winds brought to under- need much water until the bulbs are, 00iag.,
ground dwellers a word-'Awake!' An fully started into growth, and then GiRMAINKAIWORKS,wNmmSt.,lNwYeft.
echo of the Voice that so long ago they must not be over-watered. They
said, 'Let there be.' The little Johnny- require rich soil and a somewhat shad-
jump-up heard it. and with crocus and ed situation, sheltered from the wind.
scilla, anemone and hepatica, hyacinth They are ideal veranda plants.
and tulip, hastened to answer in all "A Beautiful Rose.-I like to try
their bravery of form and color, new things in the way of house plants, c
and fragrance. Brown and bare veranda plants, and garden plants.
laid the colchicum clump for weeks This summer I tried a La France rose to ing s i
amid upspringing verdure and bush for the veranda. Such a treas- a fa orbooi ,tS m
bloom. Then came such a growth ure as it has been! The plant has Nhn~i wotibu t m e
that it seemed as' f a party of change- thriven wonderfully, and the flowers ntdie Tr e ibet
lings had crept into the bulb bed un- have been exquisite-that is the right most elbo fauct lt, eBe1
der cover of the winter snows. There word this tfme-with a soft vividness s'= r mew eus |u.
wee groups of long lily-like leaves of tint, and certainly a lasting quality, and soltd eerrwwb
four of them inclosing a stem which rare when grown in the open ground.
was terminated by what seemed a I shall have La France again next TRUSSES, f .| N UI
cluster of fat, conical buds. They summer. TRUSE, 0 2 A
came with a rush, as if in apology "Water Hyacinth.-I placed a water ""S
for their long morning nap. On hyacinth in a small glass receptacle
through May and June they grew and early in the summer, and as it did not 6'I5
grew and spread themselves; and yet .appear especially promising it was con- e & e tewh'tI US nm. I J
no blossom. About July firt the signed to the back stoop. Presently it ce i
seeming buds began to open at the began to outgrow its quarters, multi- a. OLryaor Au W a
top, revealing each as, a three-celled plying beyond all expectation, and, I adut and e na u el 5R3 ba
capsule, filled with dark brown seed, was about to say, beyond all reason. rup&rhe-lw S rp tu ,eo-aY-i Als
for number a multitude. Here then But we finally succeeded in overtak- -, ure,w her s te. "'n O .Lst or. in* .
and we v end either to you wa the s
were perfected leaves add seeds whose ing it with our repotting operations, -n. r e mi stosont s S
embryos we found in the heart of the by furnishing it with a small metal will turn your money. s boev
bulb in November; and here, months bathtub all to itself, where it has WT i'~ nFRuE TRU CAT4AL5 9cI
after the brave autumn blossoms were spread and luxuriated until it has com- '. i to Ig"UK au" mQ. JP"'
dust, we beheld the completion and pletely covered the surface, and veiled SEAS, EU
perfecting of their mission." the sides with its drooping offshoots.
"Are you acquainted with the an- Some Satistatory Plants.
tumn crocus, Colchicum atumale? If A writer in Vick's Magazine gives
sot, permit an introduction to the following list:
a plant deserving more than We wrote describing Cyperus alter-
passing notice because of its unusual nifollus last week. This will show
maner of bloom and fruitage. The something of its behavior as a "house
root is a hardy bulb which should be plant." The "Water Hyacinth" is too
planted in early automin A clump of familiar to many of our readers, yet a
several years' growth which has been large clump of them in bloom is a
a charming source of interest to me, beautiful sight. It were not such a
showed its first blossoms last year, nuisance in the waterways of the
Bepteaiber 12th. For more than a South it would become very popular
month it continued to bloom, several as an ornamental aquatic.
Bowers springing from one root The writer praises Impatiens, Sul-
"It form these courageous flowers tani very highly, yet not at all too
are lly-like; In color, a pinkish laven- much. It is one of the most desirable
der. The six petals form two sets of house plants we know. It is easily
two and one-half inches in length, the grown if care is taken not to drown it,
outer ones being the longer. ThFs out- a little too much water causes it to rot
ar set unites at the base of the petals off very quickly.
lnto A hollow triangular stem with on, "The summer is waning, and I begin
obtium and two acute angles. To to take a retrospective view of what
theiiase of- each of the Inner petals has given most pleasure this season
adheres "a stamen, and these widen among my floral pets. The plants on
and Join to form another tube iithiln the veranda have given especial pleas-
the triangular one. Both of thee tubes ure this summer.
are of the faest tektt shimmering "Cyperus Alternfollus.-One of the
wh'teneu.strong and sitle. 'Wtlhin most satisfactory has been Cyperus
thi double sheatb stre~ut fh iee pfqtl.. alternifolius. It had a large' glass
Th inire and eln l reva their. glt-- globe to grow in, and the lusty green
tertig slkien threads tolded here an14 stalks completely filled the circular
there without regularity, 'Into loops,. opening. The soil used was extremely
some of Whlch are half n. Inch ib g. ] rich, and was kept covered with wa-
Lovely it is with its pinkish-purple
spikes of bloom, and curious altogeth-
er, with its inflated leaf-stalks enab-
ling it to float upon the surface of the
water. I have seen it by the tens of
thousands floating over the water-
ways of Florida. Here we are glad to
get a bathtub of it, and. it is an easy
"Parrot's Feather.-Suspended in a
white electric globe, this Myriophyl-
lum has a fair chance to show its ca-
pabilities as a decorative water plant,
and nobly has it vindicated its right
to the title. Desiring a thick veil of
'feathers,' rather than a long one, I
have had to keep the plant within
bounds by a rather ruinous nipping
process. It has rich soil, plenty of wa-
ter, and full sunlight. It is a wat-r
Sultani is a member of the balsam
family. It is a desirable winner bloom-
"Asparagus, Plumosus Nanus.-No
plant in the collection has given me so
much pleasure as this. Its long float,
ing sprays of most delicate fairy lae-
work have softened and beautified -ev-
ery plant in its vicinity. it bleuds and
harmonizes with all other floral forms,
as filmy lace beautifies any costume.
The sprays are very lasting when cut,
remaining fresh ior hours 'vitho it wa-
ter, and in water keeping for weeks
even.' This asparagus is one of the
most useful and beautiful bouquet
green we have, and it is a strong and
rapid grower. Mrs. W. A. Cutting."
plant like the uyperes and water Hy- "I've decided not to get that new
acinth. dress we talked of," announced the lit-
"Impatiens Sultani.-This seems to tie wife, whose husband has a big
be a plant little grown or known, but bank account and makes big deposits
,it is very desirable. Easily grown, every week.
vigorous, and always in bloom, it fur- "But I want it dearie just as much
nishes a fine touch of color among the 'But I want it. dearie, just as much
ferns, palms, and aspidistras of the "No. I appreciate your- kindness.
shady side of the veranda. N~t that but I'm not the one to be extravagant
it is always kept there, we give it a' when economy is demanded. I saw
good deal of sun when it is convenient, i your bankbook this morning, and we
but its soft, carmine blossoms, so pro- are drawing out money a dozen times
fusely borne, have an added charm where you deposit once. Ill wait till
among the cool greens. Impatiens next year."-Detroit Free Press.
4o THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the postoffice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E. Paiater. John McKinney.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE ELORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATLtN.
One year, single subscription...........$ 2.00
Six month*, single subscription.......... 1.00
Single copy.;.................. .......... .05
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Article relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sonible in case of loss. When personal
ekae ae se oath ag e must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper mst be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.
We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 19, 1900.
Florida suga and Syrup.
The only thing, perhaps, that ob-
structs the passage of Florida syrup
to the head of the column as the finest
all-the-year round article in the mar-
ket is the fact that it will ferment in
warm weather. When first made and
during cold weather, it certainly is the
most delicate and delicious syrup that-
ever delighted the most fastidious
taste, and the perplexing question has
been, how can it be kept in this state?
Of course, the chemist could provide
a remedy, but we do not want that.
It is said that glucose, added in suffi-
clent quantity, will prevent fermenta-
tion (and it is being done by some
syrupmakers for that purpose), but we
want no additions of any kind to this
choice product as it comes pure and
simple from the sugarcane.
Within the last few years a plan for
keeping it unchanged without the aid
of chemicals or any foreign agent has
been adopted, and it is a complete suc-
cess except the ultimate loss of most
of the new flavor that characterizes
the freshly made syrup. It is simple,
but more expensive than putting in
barrels or kegs, as is usual, and so the
syrup may not, for the present, be in
shape to compete in price with that
from other sources. But it will keep
S .; eftly 'sweet and unfermented
throughout the year, if it be immed'-
Sttey transferred, boiling hot as it
comes from the furnace, when first
madi to small receptacles, such as
glass bottles or tin cans, instantly
l. ... aod from .the air and thoroughly
seald. Bome are using five gallon
cans, but the objection to the large
vessels is that when once opened for
use, the syrup is likely to ferment by
coming nl contact with the air long be-
fore it Is exhausted. One-gallon cans
are much Ie: er. For ordinary fami-
ly use.I have for some years put it up
in quart bottles, corked them tightly
and sealed w:th paraffine. Twelve
months afterward, when the last hot-
:* is used, if properly made at
first. is perfectly sweet. Of cour.s. o -
dinary glass bottles will not bear sm-lh
heat without breaking it: the bo;ztes
must be made for such purposes. A
sample pint bottle sent to the editor
was put up in the hot manner de-
scribed, and was made from the( t:is-
seling cane in my yard before men-
tioned. I supervised the manufacte:re
of my syrup myself, in un old-fashion-
ed kettle, improvised by a neighbor.
It was my first experience in tliir:y
years, but even with the poor fac:l-
ties. I succeeded in almost perf-'cting
my syrup, which, however, suffers
somewhat in appearance from having
to pass into the same wooden coAler
which had previously contained much
syrup from unripe cane, the work of
several preceding weeks:
Just here it may be interesting to
state I planted in one corner of my
yard 100 stalks of cane averaging four
feet in length. For some unknown
reason about one half of it failed to
come up. At maturity the cane pro-
duced by the other half, say by fifty
stalks, was taken to my neighbor's
little mill to be ground, which, in its
inefficiency, must have failed to ex-
press all the juice by at least 20 per
cent. Yet from the remainder I suc-
ceeded in obtaining twenty-seven gal-
lons of syrup. This, in a mninature
way, gives some idea of th prolific
property of sugar cane. Vhat profit
might not a man make on this most
easily cultivated crop, if he could com-
mand a fair price for his product.
Returning to my subject, there is no
reason why Florida syrup will not
kekp as well as the syrup from any
other source. The difference is not in
the source, but in the article Itself.
The opinion is ventured that no other
cane syrup prepared as we prepare it,
and without preserving agencies in-
corporated, is offered in our markets.
Syrup, as is comes to us from other
sources, is either molasses, properly
speaking, or a chemically prepared
substance. It is very evident that any
country's cane juice, boiled to a point
less than the unfermentable stage
which is the sugar stage, will ulti-
mately ferment if left exposed to the
The molasses from the great
Florida sugar houses of long ago was
superior to that which comes to us
from other lands, and if that is what
the market wants, rather than our
syrup. we shall be able to furnish it
again, if we return to the manufacture
of our own sugar.
In concluding this little series of ar-
ticles, I wish to remark that what has
been written on all features of the sub-
ject has been intended for the infor-
mation of any unfamiliar with it. and
for the benefit of those who, being un-
acquainted with the business, might
wish to engage in cane farming after
the manner that it used to be done in
I know nothing of such sugar
plants as the Saint Cloud. near Kissim-
mee, which, I believe, is the only one
of its kind that has ever been estab-
lished in the State; but it does not
seem to have become the great success
that was expected-why, I do not
Much has been said about reviving
cane planting throughout the State by
4e THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
the erection of sugar refineries, with
great mills for grinding combined.
The experiment has not been tried yet,
but if such a scheme succeeds else-
where, it should here, if other things
,ar equal. It must be borne in mind,
however. that if much depends on the
quantity of crude cane from the fields
to be suppiled, this will not be practi-
cab!e from long distances. on account
of tran -prt:ation expenses. The mil s.
therefore, would have to Ibe placed in
sugar-i-ane districts; not all the land
n F'lorida, as before stated. can be re-
lied on as sugar producing.
The subject should be most carefully
considered the cost of transporting
cane or sugar and syrup closely calcu-
lated, and the plants wisely located,
so that a price, profitable to farmers,
for their products, could be afforded.-
A. E. Philips in Florida Farmer
Value of Humus in Crops.
The continuous fertilization (?) of
sandy land, without the addition of hu-
mus is one of the surest ways of im-
poverishing both the soil and its own-
er, and this kind of fertilization is one
of the reasons for the large number of
impoverished agriculturists in the
piney woodlands of the South. Gerald
McCarthy, of North Carolina, writes
to the Farmer's Voice facts more im-
portant to the Southern than to the
Northern farmer. The Ruralist will
continue to keep pleading for more hu-
mus obtained by planting and feeding
leguminors crops, until it is more gen-
erally practiced in the South.
"All fertile virgin s'il contains hu-
mus, (i. e. decayed vegetable matter
in large amounts.) Some soils, such
as are swampy or peaty, contain this
substance in excess, but as a rule no
well drained cultivated soil contains
too much humus. Humus is to the
soil what a fly-wheel is to an engine.
It takes up and saves surplus power,
prevents wastes and sudden jerks.
Soils poor in humus cake badly; they
loose moisture during dry weather,
become over-heated during hot weath-
er. and quickly lose their heat in cool
weather. In fact. such soils act upon
growing plants by sudden starts, now
one way and now-another, with the
result of injuring the vitality of the
plant, which demands steady growth
Humus makes light soils heavier and
more retentive of plant food and mois-
ture. It makes heavy soils lighter and
easier to cultivate, and prevents "pud-
dling." Humus, too, is the home of
'soil microbes. Soils devoid of humus
are also apt to be devoid of the mi-
crobes which transform nitrogen in the
soil into compounds suitable for plant-
food. The immediate and great effect
of stable manure upon warm humus
soil is due more to the microbes and
soil is due more to the microbes and
the vegetable matter which the ma-
nure contains than to the actual plant
food it holds.
Any kind of vegetable matter will,
by its decay in-the sol, form humus.
But soft succulent matter, like the
stems of clover, vetches and cow peas,
decay sooner, and more quickly form
humus, than woody twigs or the hard
culms of rye and other grasses. When
a soil becomes poor in humus, the best
way to restore it is to plow under a
crop of clover, vetch or cow-peas
grown upon the land itself. Stable
manure cannot be had at any price, in
sufficient quantities. Rye, rape, must-
ard and other non-legumlinous crops
are often plowed in to improve worn
soil. These will furnish humus, but
'for the purpose, they are far inferior
to leguminous plants, and only the lat-
ter should be used for this purpose.
Besides the humus legumes,supply the
soil with nitrogen taken from the at-
mosphere. Rye, rape and other non-
leguminous plants do not. One ton of
:he following named plants, dried into
ordinary hay, furnish to the soil, when
plowed under, the following amour,
"Red clover-40.5 lbs., equivalent to
250 lbs. nitrate of soda.
Crimson clover-41 lbs. equivalent to
260 lbs. nitrate of soda.
Alfalta-43.8 lbs., equivalent to 270
lbs nitrate If soud
Cow peas-38 Ib., equivalent to 2:)
lbs. nitrate of soda."
In order to secure a good growth of
any legume on a worn soil, we must
supply the soil with abundance of so-
luble potash, phosphoric acid and lime.
A good fertilizer for any of thi
above crops is mutriare of ponlsh,
200 pounds; superphosplarte, 300
pounds, per acre. If the land L.eks
,,'-punod o000' oy o00 mo.j Sldds 'emIl
Crops and Products.
Untold Wealth-The tobacco and su-
gar industries of Florida will be de-
veloped on a large scale in time to
come. The climate and soil are suit-
able for producing the finest grades of
of sugar and tobacco, and the demand
will increase when this is generally
known, resulting in the establishment
of large refineries and great farms.
In time the orange Industry will not
be greater than that of sugar and to-
bacco, all of which will prove great
wealth producers.-Leesburg Commer-
Sugar Refinery-Some time ago The
News published an account of a sugar
refinery with $100,000 stock, which is
to be erected at Orange Park, eighteen
miles up the river, by Northern capit-
alists, the arrangements having been
perfected by J. F. Eldridge, a resident
of that place, who is enthusiastle in
the move and ever working for the ad-
vancement of the State. Since then
nothing has been heard of the enter-
prise until Friday when a reporter
was informed by several parties from
that place that a large force of men
are now at work clearing away the
ground and preparing to erect the
plant. A large stump-pulling machine
for this company arrived in this city
this morning from the North, and will
be taken up this afternoon by the
steamer May Garner, it being deliver-
ed at her dock at once.
It was also stated that ground cov-
ering one hundred or more acres and
specially adapted to the culture of so-
ear and cane is being cleared near the
above mentioned place, and that it will
be planted in cane at once.
Emeralda Island Oranges.-Emeral-
da Island, oe of t'e ftamots orange
growing region 6 tit o 6f t ity, of cel-
ebrated orange groves, was represent-
ed in Leesburg last Sunday and Mon-
day, by Mr. J. W. Gerald, who is
working out and up the Hopson grove
on shares. He made s a cail Monday -
morning, when A,' said the ilalia
groves were in fine condit6in, wenl pro-
tected, and that the Hopson grove will
have a crop of fruit nevt year. All
the people down there are farming
successfully, and are prospering. That
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4*
they are contented and happy goes
without saying. rThe island lands are
rich and productive.-loesbulrII Com-
Brobm Corn a d Castor Beans. -
Another erop for Florida, one that in-
sures a cash incase, lbut whicl is not
generally known, is broom corn. It
was expected that a roomm Ilatoryv
would be uetablishe I in Leeslur.,. ltnd
the establishment may yet ti! made,
but whether it is done or it will pay
to gro* broom corn. Ir. M. M.
Hamptonwill plant a crop this year,
also a crop of caster beans, and be
feels sure of a successful outcome for
the Industry. The broom corn, especi-
ally, he feels will prove successful as
a money crop. Others may follow his
example with profit.-Leesburg Com-
Velvet Beans.-One element of the
greatly improved condition of the
farmers is the possession and use of
velvet beans. It is difficult to exag-
gerate its importance to Florida farm-
ers. I find it a rich milk-making feed,
I give each cow a gallon and a half of
the beans in the pod twice a day, and
it stimulates the milk secretion more
than anything else of equal cost. I
get them picked for 10 cents a barrel,
pod and all, or four cents for a grain
sack full. I tried shipping to Apopka
to be ground, but the carriage and the
toll make it unprofitable. I simply
soak the pods twelve hours; it makes
them soft enough so that the cows
grind them well. I have never kept
accurate accounts of my crops, but
last year I gathered seventy-five bar-
rels off from a four acre field, fatten-
ed ten hogs on the residue, then win-
tered all my shots on the field until
it was plowed up in the spring.-Sum-
ter Cor. Times-Union and Citizen.
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There Is only one way to cure deaf-
ness, and that is by constitutional
remedies. Deafness is caused by' an
inflamed condition of the mucous lin-
ing of the Eustachian Tube. When
this tube gets inflamed you have a
rumbling sound or imperfect hearing,
and when it is entirely closed deaf-
ness is the result, and unless the nu-
flammation can be taken out and this
tube restored to its normal condition,
hearing will be destroyed forever,
nine cases out of ten are caused by ca-
tarrh, which Is nothing but an nuflam-
ed condition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give one Hundred Dollars
for any case of Deafness (caused Iby
catarrh) that cannot be cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu-
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
The Grippe. This can be avoided by
taking teaspoonful doses of Pain-Kill-
er' in. ot water sweetened, as well as
t- t y-aternalaplicalons, full direc-
S'-'- t arp a ephl bottle. .A bottle of
the Pain-Killer kept fn the house will
prove valuable not only for the Grippe.
but for ordinary coughs and colds.
Avoid substitutes, there is but one
Paln-Killer; Perry Davis'. Price 25c.
and 50c. --. 9
Prof. Draughon has prepared books
on bookkeeping, penmanship, and
shorthand, especially suited for home
study. Hundreds of persons holding
'"WhWite HEkoiry" Wagons.
E. D. HOBBS & CO., Agents, Tampa,Fla.
good positions owe their success to his
If you desire to take the "Home
Study Course," write for price-list of
the "Home Study Course." If you de-
sire to attend either college, write for
illustrated catalogue. Adress J. F.
Draughon, President, at either place,
and mention this paper when writing.
WANTED IN every town a local
representative, Lady or Gentleman.
Easy work, good pay. No capital re-
quired. Payment every week. Ad-
dress for particulars. C. L. Marechal
Art Co., 348 Elm St., Dallas, Texas.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
17t( E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting 25 varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
WANTED:-to exchange a Flour Mill
near Toledo, Ohio, for real estate prop-
erty in Florida. Capacity of mill about
50 bbls. per day. Parties having prop-
erty to offer will please address their
letters to "Flour Mill" Care Agricultur-
ist, DeLand, Fa. 46 tif
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
FOR SALE-Grapefruit, Tangerine and Or-
ange trees. 20 selected varieties, extra
large two-years' and first-class one-year's
buds at the Winter Haven Nurseries.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 43tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
rrf,,nded. W. IT. Mann. Manville, Fla.
n zLu00FINB O
S11 1 \
T ONLY TOOLS YOU NEED.
flat. corrugated or"v ,-rimpd w d
Price per square of 1O5 fiet X 1I s
or 100 square feet....... .. i
N o other tooj than a hatch orr 'Im er
s isreq-ai-e to larthb rfi. XVe furni9"h
Switheach order suicient pal* ir t cer and I
Sunailero ay it. *ithout additicn-l char -
"i Writ for our free cateaIue Fo. 209.J
of general -merchandibe thought bh ue aS -
S8hetirf's and B.eueiver' S ales. ,,
S R PRICB ARE ONE-OALF OTHEn"
s CHIA.GOHOUSEWRECKIWCO. ,
W. 35th & Iron StS., Chicago.
LKIM M OlNAUILIMG[1l
+ ++~4 4* ***$ ,$4 ** *****t4*$**4-+++ *'.++**+
+ FREIGHT PREPAID ON TREES.
- SBtrictly high-class stock. Warranted true to name. Free from
+ .all Injurious Inseots and fungus diseases. Extreme ae in
+ 300 VAIMrTIRS. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches, Pea
+ Plums, Kaki, Nuts, Grapes, Fg, Mulberres, &c. Also ROMse
17 YEARS established. Correspondence Sollcited. Catalogue Free.
+ Estimates furnished. No Agents.
G.L. Taber, Prop. GLEN 8T. MABR NCRSERIBE,
SGlen St Malry, lorId. 4
FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHB8T QUALITY. LOWEST PRICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees ard Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums,
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica.
THE GRIFFING BROS. CO., JACK" AR.ii.
City Office and Grounds, 114 Main St.
Farmers' Attention! .
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies,
Poultry Netting waw Columbia Bictles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
RRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS ANI 'PUIPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
SISTERS OF ST. JOSEPH.'
This Institution for young ladies is situat-
ed in one of the healthiest sections of this
The system of education pursued is design-
ed to develop the mental, the moral, and the
physical powers of the pupils to make of
them useful women of refined tastes and cul-
For Terms Address,
Fruits andi Fwers
FOR SOUTH N
The Summit Nareries aki'a pialy of
SATSUMA AND OTBER, UfNGE- ON1
rated Pcans. iNld-OGwi Aii ii sad a tl
line of other Frau Tre, Shrbbry. Zte.
Pries Low: Freight Paid.
D. L PIERSON, Prop.
I Moatiedsn, Ph.
- -- ---
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
P-Ill--s. AkwkH.3W1 P M
Address aUemiamlls Hom#ed
About the I ntrn.
The winter days are, so short, that a
great many chores are done on the
farm by the light of the lantern. It is
no unusual thing'to see the lamps kept
in excellent condition, cheering and
brightening the rooms, while the lan-
tern burner is so filled up with gummy
accumulations from the oil, that it
gives very little light, and the globe is
so dingy that that little can scarcely
find its way through.
Get a good lantern to begin with.
Many a cheap lantern is worthless and
even dangerous after using a few
weeks. Have a place to hang it up
while it is not in use, so there will be
no time lost in looking for it. Wash
the globe every morning when you
care for the lamp, rinse in clear wa-
ter, and polish with a dry cloth. Keep
the oil receptacle well filled. Boil the
burners in a strong suds mawe by dis-
solving Pearline in water once a week,
and the tube will remain open, enabl-
ing it to give a bright light. Keep the
tin frame clean and shining. Your
husband will be pleased with the re-
sult, and surely that will be an ample
reward for the small amount of labor
required. E. J. C.
There is no better way for a girl to
learn to sew neatly than to make for
herself some dainty handkerchiefs, as
very neat sewing must be employed in
all sewing of this kind, and it is much
cheaper to make them at home, a yard
of sheer muslin being enough for sev-
eral of them. If she wants trimming
other than hemstitching, she can make
this herself, also, if she can knit, cro-
chet, or make tatting which is very
much used now, and Is very dainty as
well as durable. It is quite a feature
of economy to get a width of linen
that will cut two handkerchiefs, and
there is nothing better than Indian lin-
en of a fine close quality. In hem-
stitching only three threads should be
drawn as it gives a much neater effect,
and to make the work easier the ma.
trial must be dampened and pressed.
As the average laundress is devoid of
conscience and pity towards these
sheer articles it is well for the owner
to wash them in her own wash bowl,
that they may be spared the sacrifice
occasioned by hard rubbing on the
wash board. Soft water is always
preferable for washing handkerchiefs,
but if this cannot be obtained, add a
little ammonia to the warm water and
enough Pearline to make a good suds,
and wash them between the hands in
the water. Rinse carefully and while
damp spread smoothly over a marble
slab or a large window pane or mir-
row. Let them remain until perfect-
ly dry, then fold evenly and.press be-
tween board or. in a large book, and
they will have the appearance of new
handkerchiefs. Ai expert needlewo-
man may have quite a number of dain-
ty handkerchiefs with very little ex-
penditure of money, and if she will
launder them herself she may keep
them up to the standard. They say
that nothing shows a woman's de-
gree of refinement more than her
handkerchiefs. A. M. H.
'uncheons for School Chldren. and beating separately the yolks and
1 "whites of the eggs. Before making
The noon-day meal carried to school whites of the eggs. Before making AJ
hu e eal a t Into a dough with the flour, let it rise
should receive special attention from Then mold into pans Jo
every mother. Too often the lunch again one hour. Then mld nto pans -
and bake slowly. When done and
consists of cake and pastry alone, or
is prepared so tastelessly that a del- cool, sift thickly over the cake powder- IS OUR
cate child is disgusted, and a healthy ed white sugar. NEW CET UR
one finds nothing satisfying. At noon- c, andra a tu bero ll r f
time children are generally very hun- carrige, ord small tumble it tof jey
gry, and the meal prepared should be corneer of the lUnch bof; nome f a-ii of a mma
a hearty one. Meats and highly sea- vorite fruit should alwayss be provid-
soned foods are undesirable, although ed; apples, banana, grapes, figs, dates other atag in
minced chicken, turkey or beef may or an orange. A mall glass of "t it s ilgtted by
occasionally be used to vary the sand- salted almonds or peanuts will be pls d
wiches. For the lunch basket or pic- found Very nourishing (they contain
nic the sandwich appears to be inevi- ton than meat) and appe- rite o
table, and It Is fortunate so many dif- more nutrition than meat) and appe-
table, and it is fortunate so many dit- tsing.H JOHNSON & SIKES
ferent ingredients may be used as fill- Instead o pastry spread good brownUA 217i-n9 Ma S
ing, er one would soon weary at the bread with better and jedy, marma- Phlddpip s
sight of it lade or preserves, and cover with an- s.
To make good sandwiches bread other slice of buttered bread. Cut into
should be at least one day old, but- small squares or triangles. Cranber-
tered on the loaf, and very thinly slic- ry sauce and grape jelly are deerved-
ed. Different kinds of bread may be ly popular served thus.
used, as brown bread, graham or Hard-boiled eggs may be cut care- &M h e w th W .
whole wheat If the loaf is cut KRA, 9L, ^ mS.
whole wheat. If the loa is cut fully in halves, the yolks removed, Uns fan.haw1e
through the middle and a slice cut off mashed and mixed with chopped SaS 5Aiuaa s.
each half alternately, they will match meats or mayonnaise. The hollows in
more evenly in sie, and always be the eggs should then be flled with delicious one, according to the way the
spread on the right side. Minced this dressing, the two pieces of egg ingredients are mixed. It is as delci-
chicken and celery, or turkey and cel- put together, with buttered paper ous as pound cake if properly mixed.
ery make a very nice filling, also mine- twisted around them to keep them in Cream the butter and sugar, add the
ed beefsteak sprinkled with tomato place. strained yolks of the eggs. Sift in the
catsup. Celery is one of the best Occasionally a leg or a wing of roast flour, stirring the cake well, and final-
lunch relishes; sprinkle it with water, fowl will prove very acceptable. A ly add the whites of the eggs, beaten
dust it lightly with salt and roll in small glass of minced chicken mixed to a stiff froth. Fold them in. If a
waxed paper. Or it may be minced with chopped celery and a little cran- cup of milk is added to this rule an-
with an equal quantity of boiled beet berry sauce, or cold beefsteak and other cup of flour can be used, but
root, seasoned with salt and lemon fried onions chopped finely together, about three teaspoonfuls of baking
Juice and used as sandwich filling. are nice ways in which to serve fowl powder must be sifted with te flour.
Salad dressing is a savory relish or meat. This makes an excellent layer cake.
with salmon, sardine, lettuce, celery Always provide a clean napkin each Half the rule is sufficient for a loaf of
or beet sandwiches, also with chicken day, and a knife, folk or spoon when three layers.
or turkey, cut in small pieces. Gln- needed. Everything should be put up Old fashioned pound cake is seldon
ger-bread or drop cookies are better neatly. Use waxed paper freely for seen to-day, except in the form of
Ihan rich cakes, wrapping; it keeps bread, cake and black cake. Imperial pound cake was
Cinnamon roll is much liked by the sandwiches fresher, and for most arti light and one of the moet delicious
children. To make it, roll out biscuit cles is much better than napkins. It cakes ever made. To make this, beat
dough into a thin sheet, spread on it is also very inexpensive, to a cream a scant pound of butter
melted butter and sprinkle with 'rown and two pounds of granulated sugar.
sugar and cinnamon. Roll up, cut off points Good on Wash Days. Do not use powdered sugar. The
with a sharp, hot knife, aliles about A very hot Iron should never be used coaree grain of granilaed sugar as-
an inch thick. After they are put in for flannels or woolens. sist in the creaming proves. and thus
the pans, sprinkle with brown sugar Clotheslines are made much more makes a much lighter cake than pow-
and cinnamon and bake. durable by boiling for ten minutes be- dered sugar. Add the yolks of ten
Fruit Sandwiches.-Make a dough fore they are used. eggs, a pound of sifted flour, and final-
as for biscuit, using a trifle more Table linen should be ironed when ly the whites of ten eggs, beaten to a
shortening. Roll out an Inch thick, quite damp and ironed with a hot and stiff froth and folded in. Blanch and
cut with a biscuit cutter and bake in very heavy iron. shred into thin strips a pound of Jor-
a hot oven. Split open. butter lightly Embroideries should be Ironed on a dan almonds, weighed in the shells,
ard lay between the plete half. of a thin, smooth surface, over thick flan- seed a pound of raisins, and slice in
canned or preserved peach or pear, nel and only on the wrong side. fine strips a half pound of citron. Put
from which the juice has been drained. Linen may be made beautifully a layer of the cake and a layer of the
When cold, press firmly together, white by the use of a little refined bo- fruit into a well buttered cake pan.
Any other fruit may bo substituted. rax in the water instead of using a Sprinkle a very little dry sifted flour
Ginger Patties.-One tea.-upful each washing fluid. over the raisins to prevent their cling-
of brown sugar, shortening, molasses Wash fabrics that are inclined to Ing together. Bake this cake slowly,
and milk. Cream together the shorten- fade should be soaked and rinsed in until it is thoroughly done. Ice it with
ing and sugar, beat into them two very salt water, to set the color, be- a thick white icing.
eggs, add the molasses with a scant fore washing in the suds. A perfect sponge cake in made of a
teaspoonful of soda dissolved Jn hot Silken fabrics, especially white silk pound of granulated sugar, or the
water and beaten into it, then the handkerchiefs, should not be damp- weight of ten eggs, half a pound of
milk, a little salt or tablespoonful of ened but ironed with a moderately sifted flour or half the weight of ten
ginger and a teaspoonful of cinnamon; warm iron when taken from the line. eggs. ten eggs yolks an4 whites beat-
sift two teaspoonfuls of baking pow- Irons should not be allowed to be- en separately, and the juice and half
der Into five teacupfuls of flour, meas- come red hot, as they will never retain of the grated peel of a lemon. Beat
ured after sifting, and beat into the the heat properly afterwards. the yolks of the eggs and lemon for
butter, sugar, milk and eggs.. Grease a moment, after adding the sugar to
gm or patty pana, and bake in three Cakes. them and set the dish containing them
moderate oven. There are three kinds of cake which in a warm place-a pan of hot water
Lunch Cake.-Two pounds of flour, every housekeeper ought to know how is a good place-stirring the mixture
one-half pound of sugar, one-half to make correctly, for from these cakes sharply and continually for four min-
pound of butter, six eggs, three-fourths can be evolved, with slight trouble, utes. Take off the fire and add al-
of a pint of water, one pound of seed- nearly all the fancy forms of cake ternately. a little at a time, the whites
ed raisins, the juice and grated rind known, so says an exchange. of the eggs beaten to a stiff froth, and-
of one lemon, and one gill of good A perfect cup cake-or wbht oldtime the four warmed and sifted. Gentlaue
yeast Set the sponge with a portion housekeepers call a one-two-thrfour beating all the time until the mixture
of the flour, the yeat and the water, cake--calls for one cup of better, two ib cold. .Pour it at once into a square
letting it stand three hours. Add the of sugar, three of flour and four eggs. cornered baking pan and'bake. rait.
other ingredients, melting the butter This is a poor coarse cake or a fine er slowly for about an hlir.
POULTRY DEPAEBT~ XNT. .necessity. But we hate to think of D N
the life of an incubator-hatched chick-I '-- 9 i
Address all co munication to Poaltry De- en that is to grow up and live f ir td
matt, Box ao. DeLmad. Fla. years, perhaps, and ne#er hear the, sE c nuSie heis alron
number fInches around
sound of a heu's familiar "cluck." It i -a will
Improvement of Jrm Poultry. will practically grow up without any *1 mdw Wl.. Ca to
There is no surer road to better relations, the most desolate kind of an Y a
fmes for the farmer than by a care- orphan. There are thousands of farm na- ie net
U Improvement of the poutury. The ert who keep hens who do not care to e s ir t oms e iAtnn
t and quickest way to do this is to grow more chickens than their own I T tf -ete
1e all the scrubs and nondescripts hens can hatch. We would ad-ise all
nd with the money realized from such, in thinning off their flocks ofs Aon ber
hese sales buy some pure-rleds. Ao poultry. to save a few old hens to :r
decision must be forned as to whia v:i- hatch out the chickens needed for next fu WOIi d
lety you wish, most everyone has year. The old hens will not lay many ln
heir preference, then when the choice tgs. Probably their tgg supply has Handsome HOfrselpped t mf I c .'
Made stick to it, there is nothing been mostly exhausted. But they will OThis Circulh rarPM' CHPh o=. l s no
ade in changing. Even though for ,e all the more interminable sitters be- btb Head. uh t Sf ie t fan vS.
he first year 'you think the old barn causee of this. Give them the eggs of ke oe t ser omofind Y lbe ab iseImngas Trde da blt rtwitreati
ard fowl would have beaten them do !.e most prolific egg-producers of the e I oan's Linieny! b-a-tl-lute. lwth adntS
erandi Mh Clash be ntath wadqea
ot despair. HI)uember there is a flock, for these will make'the best lay- I U. V
ast difference in different strains of ers. Most people encourage the brood- Sloan'sLIIog t I
he same class of fowls. There will Ing habit among their flocks by allow- This Lisl is thebet antiseptic aown SEPARATOR and POWERS
Pe a few no doubt that will please you ing hens that are nearly passed lay- J positivm,e kills disea Pse a UIt c res at.,i
dyou should select your breeders ing to steal a nest, lay ten or a dozen eally in the stable with good results, w ere
othe liniments fail. In the family in prefer.
rom among these. Keep selecting eggs and hatch them out. Of course, ence to any known liniment on the market, Bwe
ith this end in view, bringing in new the old hen is awfully proud of these te y or internally. Every bottle i. ar. wa
lood in the shape of cockerels at least chicks, which she knows are all her Hoar size, o cents and $xAo. osIr,
very two years. In a very short time own, as only her own eggs are in the sawsr,,* s ass .
ou will have a flock of pure-breds nest. But the chickens of these old L Iit mz .... Lte
hat will suit you and that will repay hens will take after their mother in +++ +4 +4 4444 4+4 + +
you handsomely for all extra trouble laying few eggs, and then quickly be- d
n the orders you will get for eggs for coming broody. It is by the contrary
hatching and birds for breeding. This, policy breeding from eggs laid by -
of course, implies that one has been fowls that have little inclination to Se d
breeding in the line with the standard set, that the best breeds of egg-pro- 4-
for the breed he possesses. Another ducers were probably originally pro- 4 Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gainesvlle 4
very good way to improve the farm duced. 'ine same policy continued to Jcksonvlle, Fla. I can no offer special indcemets to p .
1 to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducemehta to pur-
poultry is by buying pure-bred males will largely Increase egg production.
of one's favorite breed and mating Poultry is kept for several distinct chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc.
with them selected hens of the com- purposes and has breeds adapted to I have 800 pounds . . . . . . . . ...
men breeds. Hens should be selected each. and as we have just shown, int
as nearly uniform in color as possible, the same breeds, both the young and
large in size, of active disposition and old owls hav ter separate e. e See.
good layers. With such a selection These should so far as possible be +
one may expect a very uniform lot of kept distinct, and each individual fowl *
young chicks and by fsing cocketa of or delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiries to 4
young chicks and by using cockere Of bie put to the work it has been fitted
the same breed will in a few years for. Possibly the old fowls kept for +
have a flock as good for all practical sitters will not lay enough eggs to pay P .F. WILSON,
purposess pure-bredo. This method thhir keep But they will save the Care EK O. Painter & Co, J&CKSONVILI. FLA.
will cost a less outlay of cash In the time of young hens, which when they
start, yet we prefer the other from th* try to sit, can very soon be broken up,
fact that when it is followed all are or would probably break themselves ++++
pure-breds and can be sold as such. p and go to laying again. Generally
This fact alone will make them when pellet wants to si she will M A LL RY ST EA M SH IP LIN E.
more profit besides the satisfaction leave the nest some morning after the
there is in knowing that you have as eggs are spoiled thus losing not only
good fowls as any one has or can have. her own time but the setting of eggs Florida Pmeer servlee
In what I have said I have had in also. as after the germ has once been N eW York To make close Connec-
mind mainly the chicken, but t is all started it is easily killed by being ex- PhiJacksonville Thuay
equally applicable to turkeys, ducks posed to the cold. It is very easy to 4: p.m., or Pernandina
and geese. There Is enough additional break a pullet from sitting. Keep her delphia & p. 1 m., via Cunberland
worth added to the pne-bred fowls somewhere a few days where sbe an Boston rot
somewhere a few days where se n Passengers on arrival at
over and aoyve the worth of the scrub receive no attention from the n1;llc, From Brunswick direct to Brunswick going directly
to make of him a financial success. If and where there is no chance for her New York. aoard steamer.
you wish an object lesson, after yon to make a nest. Feed her with whole
have the pure-breeds and are selling PBOe1 0 SAILIN for Jan. 1900.
hyong chicks for broilers buy up a wheat and some milk curd, ant keep NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
young chicks fr b y fresh clean water, always whliere she FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
few scrubs that look equally as large can get at it. The sitting is cailly a S. S. COLORADO .......... .... ..-..... .....Friday, January, 5
and try to sell them to your customers, fever, and the pullet that wants to sit S. S. RIO GRANDE ......................... .. Friday, January 12
the result will surprise you. By all should have its bill dipped in water . COLORAD ...............................Friday, January 1
means improve the poultry.-A. N. several times each day, so as to oblige RIO GRANDE ...................................... Friday, Jan. 26
Springer in trafrie Farmer. It to drink. With this treatment and SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNS WICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER 21
food for three or four days, or even E. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
Old Hena for Mothers. even For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to any railroad agent, or to
Old n or others. less, more eggs will be brought for- BASIL GILL, 220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
While the chief use of the hen is to ward to the period when they need to c ~. Mly ond. General thern Agen, Bru an k, Brday, N
the. Mallortale Coi. enerra Alrnta PiSote F Rn Anent Brunsvhiek,- a,
lay eggs and to furnish poultry for he ejected. and then you might try to.
the table, it must not be forgotten that tie the hen on the nest with her eggs
this is only a part of the original de- hut you could not P'-er then make he,"- ow much FO W os-r-T
sign which must not be entirely super- sit and hatch them into chicks. EvH Wen0 do t our engo toyh i noa tt iS e,
ceded by inventions like tle incubator. the hens -two years old are no, fit for yr All deend on rte sed. sow S 1. at .
This latter may be where thousands of mothers if they are egg-prodln ing i d 0sechance are you'n rep l rt eS
young fowls have to be grown for breeds. We hae had such hens de- Gr gO~ : y 8 :
broilers. Not enough hens could be sert their chicks when less than a Seeds I -BM l owa
secured in brooding condition to meet month old, and begin to lay another aod younl get the gretert y 0o9s' w____ea ta
this demand. especially as it is the sitting of eggs. Not warned y ipreen- aeAl, Book for 900contailsti boe a. north ,&l wll
offr to all who grow veget d il f Slethl ith bo
largest when the natural impulse of oi or gornoo. rhev thowznr they ota or flowers o re 7--- I boa.n
every hen is to lay more eggs and not wanted to hatch these only. This ex- H o ASet w6 I on"eao
to become a mother, so says a writer periment in letting young hens hatch ItMt *rte r
in Massachusetts Plowman. Hence a nest of eggs had cost too much al- SS w eathriS -
the incubator is, and will always be a ready. -s t mUSl 0*
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4a
FROI TIE E11'S LINE.
Sergeant "Teddy" Wilkins was lying
on his breast behind a heap of earth
listening to the zip of Mauser bullets
over his head. The Spanish picked
line was sheltered by a group of trees
not far away, and occasionally a guer.
rilla sharpshooter bent a message of de-
fiance from the high branches.
The sergeant belonged to a New
York regiment which had hurried tc
the front almost before congress had
officially declared that the United
States was at war with the proud old
land which had taken the trouble tc
"It seems to me," remarked the ser-
geant as he casually inspected the
number of cartridges in his belt, "that
this business is growing very tiresome.
What we need Is a little diversion, a
little of the romance of war."
"Well," replied young De Jones,
who formerly marshaled figures on
*trial balance sheet, "you'll get more
romance than you want if you don't
lie a little closer down there."
Three or four of the guerrillas had
dropped from the trees, and the Span-
ish stragglers had been driven back to-
ward Santiago by a rattling fire
from the Springfield rifles of the vol-
unteers. The weather was entirely too
hot to follow up an advantage gained
over a few rice fed conscripts, and
Company K was resting a bit and
wondering if the commissary depart-
ment would call upon them that day.
"Teddy" Wilkins was smoking an
artitically colored meerschaum wlhch
he had brought from home. There
had been no tobacco in the rich brown
bowl for days, and the sergeant was
contentedly puffing at some of the
dried grass of the country.
"Hello!" exclaimed De Jones.
"Here they come to our pink tea! I
wonder how they found out we were
receiving this afternoon. Get out the
Boston wafers, Sarg, and I'll hunt up
the souvenir spoons."
"They" proved to be a slender young
woman, who walked with a springy
step, and an elderly woman, who was
anything but sylph like, who seemed
to roll along the brown earth. There
was a look of terror in the eyes of
both of them. They advanced towards
the American soldiers and held their
hands above their heads.
"Mercy, mercy, senor!" cried the
girl, In broken English.
"Tell them to sit down on the sofa
and make themselves at home," sug-
gested De Jones. "The young one
is rather good looking, at that."
Sergeant Theodore Wilkins of Com-
pany K bent his stiffened limbs, ad-
justed his cartridge belt and went to
meet the newcomers.
We beg protection, "said the
younger woman- "We have come
from the city, and we beg to be spar-
ed by the chivalry of los Americanos."
Wilkins, who remembered somewhat
of his Olendrof, attempted to say
something in Spanish which he meant
to be reassuring. The girl shook her
head and a pusaled expression came
Into her eyes.
"Do not spik a Spanish more, se-
nor," she said. "I have the English
very well. I went to school in Con-
Whereupon the men' who had been
engaged in the gentle occupation of ex-
changing compliments with Spanish
foemen burst into an uproarious guf-
faw, to the great annoyance of Ser-
geant Theodore Wilkins.
"That Spanish of yours Is great,"
suggested the corporal.
SA lieutenant came up just then.
SThe two women said that they had
I just come from beleaguered Santiago
Sin order that they might escape death
Sin the bombardment which was sure
to come. The lieutenant told them
that they need fear no danger, for
"los Americanos" did not make war
upon women and children. He order-
Sed Sergeant Wilkins and a guard of
Stwo men to escort the two visitors out
I of harm's way.
Teddy Wilkins was very young. He
was so youthful that he had had hard
work in getting into the regiment
When he enlisted about a year before.
SHe had been educated in a military
School, and the mechanism of drill
seemed a second nature to him.
He remembered as he escorted the
refugees through the chaparral that
there was a situation in a grand opera
which was not so very different from
Sthe one in which he found himself.
He wondered if Carmen were as beau-
tiful as the Cuban girl who picked her
way among the fallen branches and
the stones which lay in their pathway.
Then he tried to convince himself that
he knew a girl in Harlem who was far
more so. The more he advanced his
proposition to himself the more was he
convinced that It was utterly untena-
"Senor." said the girl. "you are very
kind. You are-our very valiant
Teddy Wilbine' your often caused
him to speak hastily. He glanced at
the young woman's mother, and. being
convinced by her look of entire stolidi-
ty that the duenna did not understand
English, he remarked in a low and
supposedly tender voice: "I wish that
you would say 'my' instead of 'our.'
senorita. I should be very happy if
The young woman laughed and then
"Ah, senor," she said. "I have left
those behind who were very dear to
me. I think of only being reunited to
"Let me go in search of them!" ex-
claimed the young sergeant. "I will
go every where to find them in order
to win even a smile from you."
"Senor," responded the young wo-
man. "there is nothing in our Spanish
tongue to describe one so noble. You
are indeed a Sir Galahad. They camera
with us and were frightened from us.
I have no doubt that they have suc-
ceeded in also placing themselves in
the protection of los Americanos.
Such Is my earnest hope."
The girl stepped back in a coquet-
tish way so that the yonug sergean,
might walk beside her. The more he
he talked with her the more lie was
convinced that she was hiding a gre-it
sorrow. There were lines in the clas-
sical forehead which showed that the
young woman was more worried about
the safety of those whom she had left
behind than she would tell even the
Sergeant Wilkins as he walked along
felt a violent attack of jealousy.
"Your sweetheart perhaps," he sug-
The girl shook her head.
"Alas, senor," she said, "not so. If
it were a few years ago, I could truth-
fully answer yes."
The sergeant was sorry, but at last
they reached the rear. The young wo-
man and her mother were taken under
the protection of a branch of the Red
Cross. The sergeant remained near
them as long as he could and then re-
luctantly started back to the front.
"Perhaps we will meet again," said
the girl just before he went away.
"You give me great hope." replied
Teddy Wilkins. "If I can ever he of
service to you, no matter where you
may be. you must let me know."
The girl smiled and said that she
would never forget him. The young
sergeant touched his cap, and, with
one last lingering glance, he went his
way. He was so preoccupied on the
way back that the soldiers with him
exchanged sly winks and assumed ex-
pressions intended to be exceedingly
Sergeant Theodore Wilkins found
little time that night to think of the
fair senorita. The Spaniards advanc-
ed. and it took all the vigor of the ex-i
hausted volunteers to hold them in
check. Yet even when the Mausers
filled the air with weird songs there
came to "Teddy" Wilkins the vision
of a face framed in dark hair and the
sound of a voice which was musical
Days of hard fighting followed, and
when it was all over Sergeant Theo-
dore Wilkins went in search of her
who had called him a Sir Galahad.
He found her, too, within the pro-
tection of the American lines, shelter-
ed by the Red Cross and happy, be-
cause she had been reunited with her
own-her husband and her four chil-
dren.-New York Herald.
If it is desired to keep hundreds in-
stead of dozens of fowls, plenty of
space must be afforded the several
flicks, and proportionate runs. houses
and conveniences must be provided for
the needs of these increased and in-
creasing numbers. Anyone can advan-
tageously manage forty or fifty adult
fowls and chickens who will follow
the directions constantly published.
But if hundreds of fowls are to be
bred the work becomes more compli-
cated and the results are not always
so fortunate as is anticipated. when
this is undertaken by inexperienced
N eU RALGIA,
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured -with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make a
Main proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:
First, a Word as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEOUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ai!ments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disease. Experi-
ments on this line led to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS, and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in-
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
It is impossible to fully explain how so
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rible ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES is every day con,-
pletely curing cases of Rheumatism, Neural-
gia, Sleeplessness and Lost Vitality, which
had previously seemed hopeless. Read thq
following testimonials and judge for your-
selveb if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this woaP.dull
"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL THE
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours.
W. E. Butch.
"IMPART VIGOR AND STRENGTH TO
Some time ago I wrote you for one pair of
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES.
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
ter using these Insoles for several weeks past,
I find thm to be of inestimable value to one's
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatigued and worn out, and it certainly is a
fact that these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending vmnur n-
parties. To attempt the keeping of a soles to th inhabitants of our country.
thousand or more fowls upon one Yours very truly
place, for instance, is not the easy New York.
work that some persons fancy it to be. ALL ONG AS
In a single body or oolleotlon no RUCh LIVE.
numbers can be kept together with At the end of three months' use of the
SIAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
profit. Plans have been proposed, and TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes, I feel
there are writers on poultry who tell so much benefited and so comfortable that I
how this may be accomplished to ad- want you and every one else to know it. The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
vantage. Put this thing, like many an- shoulder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
other problem in successful fowl rais- I can now alk without feeling the severe pam
which I felt when I began using the Casters
ing. is not yet solved. It is not assum- and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
ed in this assertion that one thousand tion throughout my body.
or ten thousand domestic fowls can I am doing at least one-fourth more work
than I have been able to do during the past
not be managed upon the place (pro- two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
vided the farm be large enough), and INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
under one competent general superin- this. and money would not buy them if I
could get no more. I shall use them as lon
tendence. but to keep large numbers as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, and
of fowls upon one place flocks must be shall never forget to recommend your treat-
of fowls upon one place, flocks must be ment. It has done more for me than you
colonized, with not over thirty or for- claimed for it.
ty or mo together. For each colony a C.. Bayston.
separate house should be provided, Normal. Illinois.
and ordinarily these runs must be
fenced, and to keep them in good FREE TRIAL
thrift throughout the year. each lot We will gladly send anyone a full set
must have ample space for range. the SLAYTON ELyECTRIC Sn'aTTCH-CAS
This requires a great deal of land and TERS and the SLAYTON TNSITTATT%'(
INS,"T 15 .-n receipt of 2s cents to cover
it also requires so much attendance to posta-e and packing, irc. for Caster, sc. for
feed and look after this excess of num- 'c T ci- Try th eyi f'r two npek. lacordins
to d;r~cti-n!. If they do not help yon send
bers that the cost of their care, feed- them b,-l- ", mail "id ', ch'rves vie l-
made. If they do help you, send us .oo in
ing. doctoring, housing, etc.. will re- full "a-n-Tr-t f the C-ters and a$2oo for thr
tuce the income that can be realized insoles. State whether Casters are required
fue thr brass. iron. or wooden bedstead and size
from them unless there is first-class and number of shoe Insoles are to fit
skill and ability employed.-Mirror & The Slayt EC electric Ci .,
Farmer. eoligh St.. Tswawb. nt
4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 43
PLORIDIANA. the fishermen to save them. Fortu- Letters patent were to-day granted DO YOU GET UP
lately no lives were lost. One of the for the incorporation of Lake Tracy
The Lake Tracy Drainage and Im- boats lost belonged to the East Coast Drainage and Improvement company WITH A LAME BACK
provement Company have their appli- Fish Co.. and the other belonged to at Lake Tracy. Lake county, with a
cation for a charter in the Eustis Lake Reynolds & Hull. Those boats that capital of $50,000, for the drainage Kijy Tyroule Makes You Miserable.
Region. Their capital stock is $50,- managed to get inside safely all had and improvement of lands at and near
I*lX of $IoWI share. The work In pro- sood catches of Spanish mavckrel,-- eaid lake, to build and operate rtil- Almost everybody who reads the news-
gressing fifiely, the canal dug b; Lake Worth News. roads, tramways and canals, saw and papers is sure to know of the wonderful
hand has lowered Katy Lake about The labor troubles at Milton, this planing mills, to transport logs, lum- cures made by Dr.
ten feet. and the steam dredge is now State, are again assuming a serious ber, agricultural products, etc., to con- the great kidney, liver
working into Lake Tracy. and from shape. On Friday night a white man duct a general merchandise business, L and bladder remedy.
there will work Into Katy Lake and was dangerously wounded, and two and to operate ri(e. sugar, grist and It l th@ great medi-
cal triumph of the nine-
Alexander Spring Creek. saw-mill negroes were killed. All good people other mills. The incorporators are ca teenth century; dis-
will soon be put up, and a large gener- would be gratified to see the trouble Win. B. Pierce. James J. Vinzant and covered after years of
al store opened.-Florida Facts. existing at Milton amicably adjusted. Benjamin F. Colcord.-Tallahassee scientific research by
A firm in Tampa shipped five crates Moderation. reason and justice should correspoldent T. '. & C. Dnent kidney and bd-
of peas to New York a few days ago. prevail rather than an exhibition of-- -t der specialist, and is
The peas sold for $3 per crate, which that sort of a spirit which continually ROCKY FORT' CANTALOUPE. wonderfully successful in promptly curing
pounds like a pretty good price, but contributes to making a had matter Beware of sccis saved from culls lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid trou-
the railroads and commission house worse.-Gainesville Sun. and dumps. which constitute the bulk fbios ankd right's Disbeae, which is th wort
form of kidney trouble.
took $4i.44 or nearly half the gross pro- A portion of the monument to be of their see sct out from Rocky Ford Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root is not reo-
,.eeds. erected to the memory of Col. W. D. Col.. of which I have proof. I believe ommendedfor everything but if you havekid-
Messrs. P. W. McAdow. C. L. Hud- Chipley has arrived at Pensacola. I v te only stock grown at Rocky ey, liver or bladder troubleit wl be found
dleston and C. M. Merwin have or- and is a beauty. It is of fine granite. Ford the paIlt season expressly for the insomanyways, in hospital work, inprivate
ganized a new enterprise. They pro- By special enactment of the city see 'sel 1nd n t vcd from the select fruit,; practice, among the helpless too poor to pur-
pose to catch shark and other non-ed- council a plot of ground has lbcn g'.- :f vwhire I 1:]n only about 1000 Ibs. chase relief and has proved so successful in
ible fish, from which they will obtain en to the public square. .ent::l'y 1- Il'' --c". I 'r :,1 o. 10c. 1-- pound 38c., everycasethat a special arrangement hs
i been made by which all readers of this paper
oil, glue and fish fertilizer. They have cated. and the magnificent mimiorlinal 1 "T ,'ce. *)o..t lid. Send for evidences whohavenot already tried it, may have a
been experimenting recently, and are will be placed there. The w:wk of of pr-ity al.1 prices on large quanti- sample bottle sent free by mall, also book
satisfied of success. The necessary erection will begin when tilh rest ar- ti- to .I. H. SUITTON. Seedsman, telling more about SwampRoot and how to
find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
nets. hollers, and other machinery rives. Col. Chipley was a native of O,.ala. l"a. When writing mention reading this generous
have been ordered. This is tne first Georgia, and will be interred at his old Ioffer in this paper and
enterprise of this kind started in Flor. home in Columbus. A N T send your address to
ida. In utilizing the shark they will Carnival talk has been ripe in the V A T lD Dr Kilmer& 'Co.,Bing-
hamton, N. Y. The
do much good in increasing the supply city. The drenching rain that fell in To Biuy WILD ANIMALS, regular fifty cent and Homeofswamr ao.
of other fish which are now eaten by the afternoon could not repress the BIRDS and REPTILES of all dollar sizes are sold by all good druggists
the shark. It will give employment to enthusiasm which all the business ele-
quite a number of men.-Punta Gor- ment manifested over the action of k i' ehs.
da correspondent T. U. & C. the railroads in. giving such advanta;- Write mle what you can secure in P M YReYAt E-zz .s .: I |L
Col. C. W. Trice sold his beautiful geous rates for the proposed event. your vicinity. Will give exclusive ter- NNYRO. P.I.
orange grove on the corner of Second There will be more speaking, of ritory to hustling parties. o Ya. -nd L i -cu a Lk
and Fowler streets to Mr. Jas. Palmer course and brass-band music in pro- J. L. BUCK, ra. ifonirC d I..s
of New York, last Thursday for $4,000. fusion, and the great Tampa Carnival Importer and Exporter of Animals. j r
Taro ndimi.,.s. AEt;c,- Dru .orsesa
The property is a very desirable one, will be inauglirltit. I in fine shape. 700-2 and 4 R. 10th St. Philadelphia, 1 7,,r o" ',., ,is maas
Ila. %MI, :!-- 16 000T aws PSpW
consisting of two dwellings, over one Among the gre;:t pi-sonal attractions. _' y. ebL ,,ica;oc., N- AP.
hundred bearing orange and grape it is hoped to I 've \dmlral Dewey, Mention this paper. u..' sLrL ...m... .--..
fruit trees. The present season's crop General Miles. W\ili:.m Jennings Bry- --
Is still on the tree and goes to the new an. T. D)eWitt Talinage, Joseph Jef-
owner, there being several hundred person, and others, thus having repre-
dollars worth of fruit to gather. Mr. sented the leading figures in the navy,
Palmer and wife will make their home army, politics, church and dramatic
among us during the winter months, life.-Tampa Tribune.
and no doubt will influence others Osteen. a little place on the Sanford
among their friends to come to Fort division-of the F. E. C. Railway. just
Myers.-Ft. Myers Press. east of Enterprise. was the scene of a" --
Captain G. H. \Nhiteside returned desperate homicide Monday. The -
Saturday from Philadelphia, where he
went to attend a meeting of the ice
men of the country. Captain White-
side brought back with him a photo-
graph of the monument of Dr. John
Gorrie, the inventor of artificial ice,
who was a resident of Apalachicola,
that the ice men propose to erect on
the square near the Episcopal church
here, and it is expected that the work
on the monument will soon be inaurgu-
William Randolph Forbes, the 1S
months old son of Mr. and Mrs. W. J.
Forbes, died Saturday morning at Pen-
sacola from the effects of being se-
riously burned. The little fellow's
nurse left him to go in an adjoining
room on some errand. During her ab-
sence he picked up a hearth broom.
began playing in the fire with it, and
his clothing caught and burned him se-
verely before the flames could be ex-
tinguished. Everything possible was
done to relieve the little boy's suffer-
ing, but the burns and the inhalation
of the flames proved fatal and he died
During Monday night and Tuesday
morning while the fish boats were out
on the ocean it became so rough that
before .they could get inside several
boats swamped and lost their fish. and
two of them were washed ashore and
broken up in spite of the exertions of
principles were L. P. Sprengler and
Geo. R. Futrell, who got into a quar-
rel about a dog and hunting, when
Sprengler opened fire upon Futrell
with a revolver. firing five shots at
pretty close range, the first shot
wounding Futrell in the arm, very
near the shoulder, the third shot hit
him in the breast, ranging upward to-
ward the left shoulder, but Futrell
managed to get hold of his gun, which
was close at hand, and fired only once,
the entire load striking Sprengler in
the face, causing death in less than
half an hour afterward. Futrell,
though dangerously wounded, will re-
L. L. Lambert of New Orleans. is in
this section representing a number of
sugar planters from Louisiana. These
gentlemen have decided to try planting
cane and making sugar in the Mana-
tee section, and Mr. Lambert is now
looking over the ground with a view
of locating. He says that the planters
have had such bad luck and so many
things against them in Louisiana that
they are looking for a place where
where some of these difficulties will
be removed. They think that the Mana-
tee section is the place to relieve them
of many of their ills. Some heavy pur-
chases will be made if the land can
be had in a body.-Tampa correspond-
ent T. U. & C.
Part Rail, Part Sea.
FaSL Freight and Luxurious Passenger Route
FLORIDA TO NEWYORK,
BOSTON & THE EAST.
Snort Rail Ride to Savannah.
Thence via Ship, Sailings from Savannah, Four Ships Each
Week to New York, a nd Two to Boston.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules.
Write for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations,
or call on
E. H. Hinton, Traffic Manager,
Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
224 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
4a THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKER.
A TALE OF CHIVALRY.
Sir Lancelot on his mailed steed
rode up to the great gate of the castle
and hit it a resounding thwack with
the hilt of his sword.
"What, ho. within there!" he shout-
"What, ho, without there!" came tlhe
"I. want to come in!" thundered the
"Well, you can't do it now." called
the same voice. "We've just opened
a jack pot."-Detriot Free Press.
"Well, I've learned one thing," he
said as he broke away from the crowd
"What Is that?" he was'asked.
"Never bet on war news that comes
from Stock Exchange sources."-Chi-
THE OTHER BOY WANTS HIS
"Pa," said the small boy, his eyes
looking longingly at the new mechan-
ical top, "you've showed me how to
work it now for an hour. Let me try.'.
-Philadelphia North American.
MAY BE FEMININE.
"She has married an impecunious
"Oh, well, the saying, A fool and his
money are soon parted,' has no rela-
tion to sex anyway."-Cll.cago Post.
"Do you know anything about the
recent financial crash'." asked the
"No," answered the coldl-loodedly
Mr. Skimpley-A politician? I won-
der why she thinks so.
Little Chas.-She says you can do so
much talking' without committing' your-
"John, I'm going to sell these roll-
ing pins and flatirons is one lot. Iow
shall I label them for the auctioneer?"'
"War material, my love."-Cleveland
HIS SINCERE DESIRE.
Rioting Mamma-Rodney, dear, to-
morrow is your birthday. What would
you likes best.
Rodney Dear (after a brief season of
cogition)-I think I'd like to see
the school house burn down.-Mel-
bourne Weekly Times.
A HELP TO TRADE.
"Jones, do you think you will do as
well in the coal business as you did in
"Yes; in summer my prices made
people hot and in winter my bills will
Make their blood run cold."-Detroit
THE REAL HERO.
"How women do love to stare at a
hero!" said the Cynical Youth.
"Yop," asserted the Savage Bachelor.
"That is one reason why they always
flock to weddings."-Indianapolis
AN EXTRAORDINARY CASE.
First Clerk-What a tiresome cus-
tomer that woman is!
Second Clerk-Yes; she always
know.- what shie wants, and she won't
take anything else.-Chicago Record.
truthful man. "I don't even know
enough about it to moralize on it."- yvdy.Yes G -tht. sIn 'w ModaD-
Washington Star. OUR MODERN LANGUAGE.
S"Fine words," he hissed, "butter--"
IIIS RETORT. "Oh,. cheese it!" Interposed the state-
"Sir." she said wen le complained ly beauty, disdainfully.-Detroit Jour-
of the incessant piano playing, "you n.
have no ear for music.'
"That may be true madnm." I h re- AMATEUI R' INNOC.NT QUERY.
plied. "I will have to hear some i usingig Amateur--How long since
order to find out."-Chicago Post. that old picture was painted?
A BRIGHr BIRD.
The cuckoo is as likely to steal its
nest as to make it, but this fact does
not take from the point of the follow-
ing pun, quoted from Short Stories:
A young Englishman being asked at
dinner whether he would have some
bird's nest pudding, said. turning to
his hostess, Ah yes, bird's nest pud-
ding, and what kind of a bird may
have made it?'
"Oh, it was the cook who made it."
was her prompt reply.
"Didn't you enjoy Splurger's charm-
ing talk on 'How to Make Life Beauti-
"No. I was thinking of that $50 hbe
has ow4 mae for ten years."-Detroit
TO BE SURE.
Carrye-Do you think women should
be hanged for murder?
Cynicus-As long as women insist
on equal rights with men I think
the sexes should hang together.-
THE BUSINESS FOR HIM.
Little Charles-Sister told manmmn
yesterday you was born to be a politi-
salesllan-About two 'ntliidred an I
usingg Amateur-Is it an Ameri-
can artist? (Sudden collapse of sales-
Scene on an Arlington electric:
Personae: Small boy. portly lady.
S. B. (partially sotto voice)-Gee:
that woman must have swallowed a
P. L. (overhearing)-Yes. my boy.
and if your motrrr had trien a yast-
cake. you would have been h!oter 're1,l.
EQUIPPED FOR TRAVEL.
Boston Mald (in Hub bookstore)-I
ailn compelled to go to Newv York for
an extended sojourn. Have you a
New York guide?
Clerk-I regret to say, madam. tLit
we have not.
Boston Maid-How unfortunate!
Well give me a dictionary of American
slang.--New York U\ weekly.
\orthoound-kead Down. i TIME TABLE I Southbound-Read Up.
i4 I 26 I 78 i 78 321 In Effect December 10, 1899 I 23 3S | 1 I
........ 9.0a ...... 7.0pLv ...... Port Tampa .... .Ar ...... 030p .10p 7. ....
I...... ...... ... ... .... v ..Lv .T. B. Hotel ... Ar .. ...... .
..... ... a1 .10Ua ....... 7.36pjLv .. .....Tampa .. .......Ar ...... 1.p 4Op 7.
...... ...... l0.4p Lv .... .Kissimmee ........Ar ...... ia i 4pl 4.3ta.....
...... I ...... l. y ...... UL (p Lv ..... ..Orlndo .... ....Ar ...... cala .30p 4.Ua ....
...... i ...... .-p ...... l.a-,plLv ... ..Winter Park .. ....Arl ......iRo- a.Upl 3. a...
p...... 2 ....... 12.iaLv ........Sanford .... .... Arl ..... helle 4.ap .a....
..... ... c a ............. Ar .....DeLand .... .... Lv...... ...... p... .. ..
...... ... ... ... ......nLv ..... .... DeLand ...... ..Ar..... .. .... .op..... ....
Lu.Oal ......i a.Uop ...... 2.40a Lv .. ..... alatka .... ... Arl ...I.. Ull.a| Z.Opll2l.41a| c~.
i.1Uyi ...... 7.Wpl...... 4.uaLAr .JACILSu L v ILLE Lv......l 10= .iUpii.LUUpI 4.
...... ...... ...... .....ua .. Lv ... St... Petersburg. Ar..... 1 ...............
... ...... .... .. 6.ao1...... Belair ... ..al .i.3 p ...... .....
...... ....Lv.... ees .aurg .... ..... Arl. ...eesbu 4p. .A. .. ...... .....
,.Uai ..... ...... |l.l opi|...... Lv.. .... .. cala ... .......-.. 3.10p ............ V.
1. Ual .............. 2aapi ...... Ar ..G... ainesville .... .Lv ...... 1. p ...... ...... .
.3ua ...... .. l.......... ..Ga esville ...... .A ....... 2. p[ .... ......
1U.Uai ........... 5..4up ...... a tLv .a ......Patk .Ar......ll ...........
.10pi ............ 6.1p ......|IAr .. JALKSuNVILLE Lvl......i 9.a ...........
Local IVia So Ry.ViaA C L. Via A C L. Via So Ry.1 Local
z 1 1 6 36 34 78 32 23 3 33
i.OUai o.uti; '.45pl8.0Ual 7.45pI 8.0UaiL. J'VILLLE. All.a0a| 7.3La 9.25a| 7.40p 10.00p 1U.
9 .4Ual i.UOal .-pJ 9..UaWiU.aWpllU.O0ua|A.. W'cross.. LIIU.Ual 5.lUa 7.26a i46p b.t5p S.
.....il.2Ia ll..spil2.1Up l.liaal.Op A.. Savann'h ..Ll 7.40al 2.35a 5.20a 3.2bp 5OUp ...
......I.................. 6.13a 4 p A.. .ha'ston. ..L 5.14ajU.lap ...... ............
......:...... 6.26p| .00Oa 7.p 3.2.iaA.. Kichm'd. ..L 7.30p 9.06a 12.01piLOOp ...... ...
....... ...... "6i oup ............ A.. Loiumbia ..LI.......... 1.26a l.30a .........
...... ...... a| 8.4.p ...... ...... A.. Charlotte. ..L ........... 0. p .16a .........
......1...... 3. pl .iaa ............ A.. .Lynchb'g ..LI ...... I...... 3.50Up 2.2a ..........
...... ...... &aUpl 7.35all.30p 7.01aA.. % ashg'n ..L 3.4pl 4.30ai.lla 9.Sp .........
......I...... ll.'p| 9.15a l.oa 8.0aA.. Baltimore ..L 2.25p 2.50a 6.22a 8.2p .........
...... ;...... l.iajll.6aa 3..iua 0O.6a A.. .Philadeir'a .Li12.00pi1.Oai 3.a 6.p .........
...... ..... i.al i.p b.al 1.p A.. New ork .L 0a.50p2.O a 3.10pI .........
....... I I.... WJ.I u.UPl pl o.up| .-oiUp]A.. .Boston.. .. 1.51apl l.UO pi 5.00pl 9.0Ua........
Via i D'ly Ex. Sun. i 1 V
Il&U; Via So Ky' Via L&N.[ Other trains I Via L&N.I Via So Ry. IM
K.-. I. I Daily I lIu.
|> -v I 14 I 1 8 1 3 I
I 23 I 21 I 13 I 15 I 3 i
i.4ajp 7.4a5pi ..45pi .00aI 7.4jp| 8.00a|L.. J'v1LLE ..A 7i.30ail0.40p i8.30al0.00pl 9.2aa I.i
-.op; U. tpj ii.40pi ..Ua i10.4pl1I0.0Da|L.. .W'cross. ..A 5.ua 8.30pi 6.24a 7.49pl .W26a 56.
...... ......I U p >.ua, ... ... .. .. Jesup... Jesup .. ....... ...... 5. pl..........
.... ...... I .U l. l p I ......... ... .. ltac.n .. L. ....... ..... .. oa 2..A p ..........
...... ...... I .2ouai OPi ......I......A.-. Atlanta.. AL1.... .......:1op I'0.ip ....... ..
...... i...... 9.4oaal 5.0upl...... .......A... L'nooga.. ..Li............i 6.P a ........
12.2a ....... ...... ..... 12.8a l2.21p'A.. \aldosta. ..L 3.15a 6.44p ............ ..... 3.1
i.5-Ual................... 1.0ajOa 1.B0pA.. Tho'ville. ..Li Z.Uua .; 3p ...... ......... 2.1
8.lOai ...... .......... 8.10a| 9.Up A.. .i'go'ery ..Li i.45p u1.2oai ........ ... 4
.... ..... 12.20a l.1 0pl2. *al12.2iA... Bir'nam. ..L 4.00p 8.42a 4.45p 6.00a ..........
......:... 6.5p 6.40a1 6.45p .OajA.. Nashvlle. ..L 9.1a 2.21a 9.10a 9. .........
......1...... 7.p 7.40al 1.aopi 4.00p|A.. Memphis. ..L 845p 12.45p 8.15a 8.00p ........
i...... 7.30p 7.4a 7.05a 4.U6pA.. Cn nati. ..L .OOp 5.4p 8.0a 8.uup..... ...
7....ai ...... 7.4 2.00p[7 .l27 A. ..L 2. .45Pi 7.45al 7.46p ....... ...
...... 7.04a &.00pi .al 7.lpiA. St. Louis. ..L &8api 8.4a .1p 8.08a ......
4.Wp..... .la j. 8.09ai 9.1apiA.. Chicago. ..L 7.45pi 1.5p 8.3p 9.00a ...... I.
.45p ...... 9.50a 7.40a 5.46p 5. 00aA.. K. City.. .L 9.5al10.45pi 6.2p 9.30p ...... 9.
...... 6.05a.. ..... ... ..... ..... A.. Coiumbia ..L ... .. .................. ...
.. ... I 2.4 ......... .... .... ......I A.. Asheville. ..L ...... ...... ...... ...... a.-p ...
...... ...... .... ...... A.. Knox ille
...... .... ...... ...... ...... nati. ..L ............... ...
........i...;.... 1, .2a| 9..opL.. M'go'ery. ..AI 6.10a! 6.0pi . .. ............ ..
.....1 .. ...... | 4.1pj 3. ]A.. Mobile.. ... 12.20a!12.i.. ... ... ... .
-__........... ...... i......I b.30pi 7.40a|A.. N. Orleans. .L t.45pi .... ... '
32 and 35 (via A. C. L. and Pensylvania R. R).-NEW Yt.RK, Fi oKtiA A
\VEST I.- IA LIMITED-Carry Vestibule Coaches between Jacksonvilie and \\ a.hn
ton and I u iinan Sleeper, between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and New York.
UNITED STATE 1'AT XAIL.
35 and 36 (via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R. R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Ja
sonville and % ashington, Pullman Sleepers between Miami, Jacksonville and New Yo
also Puiiman Sleepers between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Asheville and Knoxvile.
78 and 23 carry Pullman Sleepers between Jacksonville and New York via A. C. L. a
Pennsylvania R. R., between St. Petersburg, Jacksonville and St. Louis via Montgom
and L. & N. R. R., and between Jacksonvidle and St. Louis via Montgomery and M. &
NEW YORK AND UORIDA EXPR3EB.
33 and 34 via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R.R.) carry Vestibule Coaches Between Jac
sonville and Washington. Pullman Sleepers between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and N
Sork, and Dining Car between Savannah and Charlotte.
32 anti 21 carry Pulman Sleepers between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and Louisville a
elegant day coaches between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Montgomery and L. &
14 and 13-CINCINNATI.AND FLORID LIMITED-Solid vestibule trains, w
Pullman S;eepers, between Jacksonville and C ncinnati via Jesup, So. Ry. and Q. &
Route; also Pu!lman Sleepers between Jacksonviile and Kansas City via Jesup, Atlanta. b
mingham, Memphis and K. C. F. S. & M. R., and between Jacksonvlle and St. Lo
v:a Jessup, So. Ry., Q. & C., Louisville and L. '. & St. L. Ry.
CINCINNATI DAY RXSMP3.
16 and 15--SOLID VESTIBULE TRAINS between Jacksonville and Cincinnati, w
Pullman Setpers between oPrt Tampa, Jacksonville and Cincinnati So. Ry. and U. & C.
162 1 78 1 32 1 3 3 5 1 61 I
1 I Dailyl Str. iDailyl Via Gulf Coast Line I iailyI'aily'|
............:::::: .2a...... ... ...Lv .. Pt. Tampa via Ry...... .10.30p 10.0p|...... I ...
.......00......i..... Lv ....... Tampa ..Ar ... 9.55p 9.56p.........
...... ..... .......... 3.36p|Lv ..... Punta corda .... ..Ar!. .. 12.40al12.l0a ....0...
.. ........ 6.4l.. 7.15plAr .... ...Lakeland .... ..Lv...... 9.10p 9.10p.... l...
5.4p! ......ll 7.Oa ...... Lv .. Pt Tampa via Str... Ar ............ ...... 9.00 ...
7.5p;....... a.oa 8.00a ...... Lv ... St. Petersburg .. ...Ar ......100p10.30 p 8.3 .00a ...
7.55p ......I 5.56a ...... ..... L ..Belleir ....Ar ... .p 9.5p 7.2a ...
8.40pi...... i.32a ............ Ar .... TarpnSprings .... Lv...... 8.56p 8.56p 6.32a ...
...... ...... 1 .25a .......... ...... .. 4. p ............ ..
..... ...... :2.15p ........... Lv ..... ... Ocala ...... ...Arl..... 3.10p p .........
..... I...... 2.25p ...... ..... L.. ....... Gainesvile .... ..Lv! ...... OOp ...............
...... ...... 5.22p ............ Lv ....... Live Oak ..... ..Ar...... ... 12 p ..... ...
...... ......I 6.OOp ........... Lv ........J asper .... .. ...... ...... 12.21p ........
...... ......9.00 ........... A....... .. Waycross .. ....Lv .......... 10.05a .......
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE-STEAMSHIPS OLI\ ETTE AND MASCOTTE.
Sat.. Wed. and Mon........12.0plLv .... Havana ...... Ar| 6.00a......Wed. Sat. and Mi
Sat., Wed. and Mon ........|7.30plAr .... Key West .....Lv 9.00p...... Tues., Fri. and S
Sat., Wed. and Mon........ 9.3 Lv .... Key West ... .Arl 300p......Tues.. Fri. and S
Sun.. Thur. and Tues...... 2.30- Ar .... Port Tampa .. Lv11.00p......Mon. Thurs. and
Further information, reservations, tickets, etc., may be obtained of agents, or
H. C. McFadden Div. Pass. Agent,
138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
SR. G. IRWIN, M. F. PLANT, B. DUNHAM, B. W. WRENN,
President, Vice-President General Supt. Pass. Trafi M
S. R. KNOTT, Vice-President.
Caller-Well, yes. You see, I'm the
author of it, and I thought perhaps ft
ScUUoUl pg a JUo tJ las canvasser m IKhLI
WISDOM O N ATHOR e able to get a little money out of it.
WISDOM Op AN AI'THOR.
Caller-I called to see if I could get
a positioner as canvasser for the new JUST AS YOU LOOK AT IT.
hook you are about to publish. "Tommy," said the teacher, "how
Publisher-Do you know anything many is half of eight?"
about the book? "On top or sideways?" asked Tom-
"What do you mean by on top
"Why, half from the top of 8 is
and half of it sideways is 3.
All orange growers in middle an
northern orange belt are proteetic
Lists. It's a matter of "Protect"
freeze with them.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.'
Developmt af the Tobaeoo Indus-
SFrom Marcus T. Floyd's bulletin on
.the culaivation of cigar leaf tobacco in
,Florida, published by the United
States Department of Agriculture, we
make the following extracts:
The cultivation of tobacco in Flor-
Ida is not a new Industry, but an old
one revived. Far back in the forties
and fifties Gadsden county became
famous for the fine wrapper leaf pro-
duced there. The industry thrived un-
til the civil war, but froin that time
until 1888 the production of tobacco in
Florida was so small that it attracted
but little attention.
In 1880 only
about 90 acres were grown in the
State; In 1890 the acreage had increas-
ed to more than 1,000 acres; and in
1898 there were at least 8, 000 acres,
giving a yield of 4,000,000 pounds. Af-
ter the close of the war a few farmers
contingoe to grow tobacco In a very
small way, and they would often ac-
cumulate three or four crops before
,finding a buyer, and even then the
price would be low. The farmers be-
came discouraged and reduced their
acreage, until, as stated, in 1880 there
was less than 100 acres planted in
tobacco in the entire State.
. The variety of tobacco grown in
,Florida before the civil war, and es-
pecially famous for its beautifully
spotted wrappers, was known simply
as Florida tobacco, being unlike any
type produced in any other part
of the country. When the .In-
dustry was revived in 1889 and 1890,
many of the old planters had seed of
what was known as "Old Florida,"
which they again planted. But the
style had changed; Sumatra. with its
bright rich gloss, had established it-
self; "Old Florida" proved to be a
back number and the farmers had to
give it up. In the year 1884-85 several
farmers of small plantations obtained
seed from the island of Cuba, and a
number of small patches of it were
grown. It was this tobacco that reviv-
ed the industry. Some of the tobacco
grown from the Cuban seed fell into
the hands of a large cigar manufactur-
ing concern of New York, which made
it into cigars. The quality of these ci-
gars proved so satisfactory, that men
were at once sent to Florida to study
further the possibility of producing a
tobacco that would meet the require-
ments of the trade. After going over
the old tobacco sections of the State
they became confident that the
attempt could be made a success, and
they'purchased and equipped planta-
tions in Gadsden county. The concern
was followed by several other compan-
les, all of which now own ans operate
large farms, each having established
large and well equipped packing
houses in or near Quincy, the county
seat ,o! Gaden county. These firms,
in addition to the tobacco they grow,
also buy extensively from local farm-
In order to improve the tobacco and
adapt it to the trade demands, these
concerns have Indulged in all sorts of
expeR iep tsme of which have prov-
ed quite expensive. However, they
have met with such a degree of suc-
cess as to warrant them in continuing
the experimental work. There were
many questions to be settled. First of
all, what seed should be used. To set-
tle this question seed was obtained
and tried from every part of the coun-
try. This point, however, was soon
determined and now there are only
two varieties grown in the State-
Sumatra and Cuban-the Sumatra giv-
ing the style required for the wrap-
per and the Cuban giving the filler
qualities nearest the requirements of
the trade. As each of these tobaccos
possesses the quality and style needed.
the kind of soil best suited to each
was the next point to be settled; then
the proper fertilizer, the quantity ne-
cessary, and the proper cultivation
had to be found out by numerous ex-
periments.. At first it was thought
that but little fertilizer of any kind
should be used. The tobacco was set
out early, given a distance in the drill
of about 24 inches, and topped low;
that is, not more than twelve or four-
teen leaves were allowed to each stalk.
The result was that the plants produc-
ed large, course, undesirable leaves.
The next step was to give the tobacco
less distance in the drill; 18 inches
were tried. The result was better, but
not satisfactory. From t!nuo to 'ime
changes were made until now lt14
plant is given 14 inches, the l'erti: .r -
is doubled and the tobacco is toppi-lI
higher, allowing at least sixtev' !1:'n vI-
to each stalk. The result is that :i.e
leaves are of the desirable size andi
finer in quality and appearance.
For a long time the cultivation was
continued until the time of harvesting.
but this was decidedly wrong. The
writer has seen fields of tobacco plow-
ed that were ripe and ready to be har-
vested, and in consequence the tobacco
turned green and started a new
growth. This generally increases the
yield, but almost totally destroys the
quality of the tobacco. At present the
cultivation stops as soon as the plants
When the Sun'atra seed was first in-
troduced into F orida the land select-
ed, the amount of ft-tillzer used, and
the methods of cultivation and har-
vesting employed were the same as
those practiced in growing the Cuban
variety. With this treatment Sumatra
proved to be an absolute failure; many
abandoned the seed, while others con-
tinued to experiment. It was soon
found that the soil had to be exceed-
inly rich, the growth quick; that low
topping was ruinous, and that each
stalk should have from twenty-four to
thirty leaves, according to the strength
of soil. When the land was exceeding-
ly rich it was found best not to top at
all, but to allow the plants to go to
bloom. Then the leaves would be of
a desirable size, thin and smooth;
whereas if topped the leaves would
curl and thicken. This tobacco is also
crowded into the drill, the plants be-
ing given only from twelve to four-
teen inches. The growth is rapid; the
top leaves soon serve as a shade for
the middle and lower leaves, and the
results have been most gratifying.
New land proved to be more desirable
for this variety of tobacco, and it was
noticed that when trees were left
standing in the field, the plants shad-
ed by trees were far superior to the
plants not so shaded. From this the
idea of building artificial shade had its
birth. It was also found that no good
results could be obtained if the plants
were cut, but the leaves should be
primed off just as they ripen, and at a
very early stage of ripeness.
If we consider the tobacco industry
of Florida during the-past ten years.
we will find that great changes in the
methods and improvements in the
style and quality of the tobacco pro-
duced. Why were these changes in
methods made? Because certain
manufacturers knew Just what the)
trade required. After the crop was
harvested and cured they 'were able
to discover its faults or good points,
and if faults were found, they studied
how to remedy them; if good poinl?
were observed, they studied to find
how they were obtained. Each year
there were a number of small experi-
mental plots on which different kinds
of soil were tented, different fertilizers
used. and different methods of cultiva-
tion employed. The tobacco at each
plot was harvested at different stages
of growth-ripe, overripe, and under-
ripe. In the curing shed this experi-
ment was continued. If there were
four experimental crops they were
cured in four different barns, and a
part of tile tobacco from each plot put
in each barn.
For convenience, we will call the
four plots A, B. C and D, and the
barns, or curing sheds, 1, 2, 3 and 4.
In each barn we have tobacco from
the four plots, and each barn receives
different manipulation. The tobacco
from each barn was marked so that it
could be easily identified and when
tlhoioughly cured its quality was test-
ed. It can be seen at once that such
a method of experimenting is practic-
able. We will say that all of the to-
bacco in No. 2 made the best showing
and that the tobacco from plot A was
the most desirable. Therefore we
world naturally assume that the soil,
fe: tilizer. and method of cultivation of
plot A was the best and the manage-
ment of barn No. 2 was the nearest
correct. We could not determine at
what stage of ripeness the tobacco
should be harvested in order to obtain
the best results. The final test can
not be made, however, until the tobac-
co has been carried through the pro-
cess of fermentation and all the quali-
ties of the leaf thoroughly developed.
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