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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 2. Whole No. 1352.
New Agricultural SoCiety.
One day last week, pursuant to call,
there was a meeting of interested par-
ties in Jacksonville, and the result was
the organization of a State Agricultur-
al Society, and a Florida division of
the League of American Producers.
The primary object of the meeting
was to act on the following resolution
adopted by the beet sugar manufactur-
ers at Omaha, December 5th:
"1. That the United States Senate
defeat the pending treaties of recip-
rocity with the British West Indies,
whereby augar and other Droducts
from those islands are to be admitted
DeLand. Fla., Wednesday, January 10, 1900.
He closed by saying that he hoped
an agricultural society would be organ-
ized before the meeting closed.
Captain Rose was then elected chair-
man and Doctor Stockbridge secretary
of the meeting.
Captain Rose said: "I can only see
the subject from one standpoint-that
of a sugar grower and planter." He
then discussed the tariff, and said the
impending free admission to the Unit-
ed State of the semi-tropical products
would be the most disastrous thing
that could happen to Florida. He
stated that the duty paid on sugar
imported was $65,000.00, and that the
into the United States at a reduction tax payer at home would have this to
in tariff rates.
"2. We oppose the recommendation
that Cuban sugar, tobacco, cigars, etc.,
be admitted at a like reduction in du-
ty. We also oppose the recommenda-
tion that Porto Rican products be ad-
mitted to this market duty free.
"3. We regard the proposed reduc-
tions in duties on sugar, wool and
hides imported from Argentina as de-
stined to seriously injure domestic ag-
"4. That all sugar, tobacco, cigars
and other products which compete
with the products of our American
farmers and manufacturers, continue
to pay the full rate of duties, irrespec-
tive of whether such sugar anJ other
produce comes from Porto Rico, Cuba,
the Philippines or other parts of
"5. That thus the labor and capital
invested in our domestic, agricultural
and allied manufacturing industries
may have a fair chance against the
coolie labor and monopolies of the
"6. Agriculture and labor having
borne the brunt of protection for these
many years, have earned the right to
be themselves equally well treated,
now that they have to face a crisis,
and nothing less will satisfy them."
Professor Moodie called the meeting
to order, and after detailing the cir-
cumstanees of the Omaha meeting,
said, in part, by way of introduction,
that the meeting was called for the
purpose of protecting Florida indus-
tries, and hoped that the meeting
would form. Itself into an agricultural
society for the purpose of taking im-
mediate action and co-opeating with
similar bodies being organized. He
stated that if a precedent was set by
allowing Porto Rico to send in its su-
gar and .tobacco, it would act as a
wedge to allaw the same staples to be
shipped froft Cuba and the British
West Indies on the proposed recipro-
pay. He then introduced Lockwood
Myrick, of Massachusetts, brother of
Herbert Myrick, publisher of the Or-
ange Judd Farmer and other agricul-
Mr. Myrick said: "I am here to rep-
resent my brother who found it impos-
sible to get away to attend this meet-
ing. Domestic agriculture is face to
face with a fight for the life of its
most profitable specialties. The vast
domestic interests involved in the cul-
ture of sugar crops, cigar leaf tobac-
co. semi-tropic fruits, early vegetables,
rice. etc., are threatened with extinc-
tion. The beet sugar industry just
now entering upon a lusty young man-
hood. is threatened with annihilation.
Domestic capital and labor engaged in
the manufacture of cigars face a revo-
"The worst fears in this direction
will be realized if tropical produce is
admitted into the United State free of
duty, from Cuba, Porto Rico or the
Philippines. Hopes have been ex-
pressed that nothing of this kind was
contemplated. But the secretary of
war has come out with an earnest re-
commendation for free trade with Por-
to Rico. He attempts to show also
that the cane sugar industry in Cuba
cannot stand up against the competi-
tion that will thus be developed by
Porto Rico sugar in our domestic mar-
kets. He therefore recommends ad-
mitting Cuban sugar at a reduction of
121/ per cent. from the present tariff
-the rate that is contemplated by the
pending treaty of reciprocity with Ja-
maica. Of course, this is only the en-
tering wedge to absolutely free trade
with Cuba. The economic problem
involved in our relations with the
Philippines also grows in complexity
from day to day, with many influences
at work to admit Philippine produce
free of duty.
"The crisis is a most serious one.
It can hardly be exaggerated. IEawaii
has furnished an example of the mar-
$2 per Annum, in Advance.
velous productiveness of the tropics. of the. domestic interests that are
Enormous profits are being made by threatened can insure their own well-
the overcapitalized trusts that monopo- being and future success, if they only
lize Hawaiian plantations ana work wll. uite m one euecuve league ui
these plantations with coolie labor. all the interests identified with the
The unprecedented development of ag- production of the sugar beet or sugar
riculture in the Sandwich Islands dur- cane within the continental United
ing the past two years is an instance States, and the manufacture of sugar
of what is sure to come about in Por- New Agricultural society..........
to Rico, Cuba and the Philippines. or other products from such domes-
There is no guess work about it. tic products. Affiliate with this move-
"The Bounty Question-f"Especially ment the various organizations of
are such results certain when fostered farmers, such as the Grange or Pat-
by vast bounties from the United rons of Husbandry, Farmers' Alliance,
States treasury. The remission of du- Patrons of Industry, farmers' clubs,
ties on tropical produce will amount agricultural societies, otc., embracing
to a bounty to tropical trusts of $30 in the aggregate several million voters.
to $40 per ton on rice, $5 to $8 on every Include also the national and state or-
to 40 per ton on rice, $5 to $8 on every ganizations of tobacco growers, cigar
pound of cigars, $1.50 on every pound manufacturers' associations and cigar-
of cigar leaf, 35 cents on each pound makers' unions, the American Rice
of tobacco, and similar enormous Growers' Association, the fruit grow-
bounties on fruits, vegetables and oth- ers' unions throughout the country,
er produce. F and the truck farmers' organizations
"Not only that, but the Federal Such a coalition will be irresistible
treasury would be robbed of revenues, when acting as a unit in behalf of its
of from fifty to seventy-five millions own interests, which are bound up in
of dollars annually, but such remis- the common welfare.
sion of duties. In other words, besides "Assurances have already been giv-
waging a war on behalf of the tropics, en by most of these interests that they
which will have cost American tax are ready and eager to co-operate
payers a thousand million dollars be- heartily in such a movement. The far-
fore the last bill is paid, we are fur- sighted men in all the industries and
their asked to remit taxes on produce vocations referred to realize fully the
from the tropics to the extent of 50 to present crisis. They know, too, that
seventy-five millions yearly, and on justice and righteousness are on their
top of all this, to give tropical produce side. Only immediate, concerted, in-
the American market, which is the telligent action is needed to prevent
best market in the world. Who would Congress from sacrificing these enor-
benefit by this monstrous proposition? mous domestic interests of our Ameri-
Mainly, tropical syndicates and the su- can farmers, laborers and manufactur-
gar refiners' trust Only this week, an- ers."
nouncement is made that the Ameri- National Conference to be Held.-A
can sugar refining company has closed national congress to perfect perma-
options on all the independent refiner- nent organization will be held at
ies and glucose works, and that the Washington. D. C. Meantime, the
same are uniting in one trust with two league is rapidly perfecting all its de-
hundred million dollars capital. tails of organization and work through
"Now, this sugar refiners' trust jos- the following committee chosen at.the
sesses only a few factories (mainly on Omaha conference: Herbert Myrick.
the seaboard), for the refining of im- chairman, president Orange .udd
ported raw sugar. Its members, or Company and editor Orange Judd
those allied with it, have made enor- Farmer, of Chicago, American Agri-
mous purchases of sugar plantations culturiet of New York and the New
in Cuba and Porto Rico, and are ready England Homestead; James P. Cooke
to operate on a still larger scale in the and Henry McCall of New Orleans, for
Philippines the moment they can ac- the cane sugar planters; President F.
quire titles there. The refiners' trust B. Moodle of the National Cigar Leaf
will thus monopolize the production of Tobacco Growers' Association; G. W.
raw material in the tropics with coolie Perkins, president American Cigar-
labor. Now, if this raw product is ad- makers' Union; Henry T. Oxnard,
mitted to the United States duty free president Beet Sugar Manufacturers'
it means an extra bonus to the refin- Association; H. S. Frye. president
ers' trust of $30 to $40 per ton. It New England Tobacco Growers' Asbo-
will also keep busy the trust's elation; Samuel Gompers, president
comparatively few refineries in this American Federation of Labor, with
country, i power to add to their number from all
"The vast number' and importance other agricultural and allied organixe-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Secretary Stockbridge said that un
March, 1807, he took a tour of th,
State of Florida. with members of
sugar trust, who proposed to buy ul
197,000 acres of land, but the war witl
Cuba broke out and the speculation oi
future tariff conditions stopped th,
Dr. D. A. Williams said he oppose(
any trust, combination or league tha
made any discrimination against Por
to Rico. He said that Porto Rico wae
a territory of the United States, an(
entitled to the freedom of the States
and ought not to be included with Cu
ba. He made a vigorous protest. stat
ing that the United States ought t(
foster Porto Rico, and encourage her
The Island is only forty miles by on(
hundred miles, and If the whole island
was producing cotton and sugar it
would only be a drop in the .bucket,
compared with the amount used,
Porto Rico belongs to the United
States absolutely, continued Mr. Wil-
liams; her soldiers are United States
soldiers, her citizens, our citizens, and
she is entitled to as free intercourse is
any state on the continent.
"I have liven there for eighteen
months, and, in fact, have but recent-
ly returned, and a blow at her now
would be one from which she would
have hard work to recover."
Captain Rose and J. W. White spoke
in favor of Dr. Williams' arguments,
and after some little discussion the
meeting formally organized as the
Florida ~-'- "-icultural Society,
with the following ofl"ers:
President-Capt. R. E. Rose.
Vice-President-Col. Henry Curtis.
Secretary-Dr. H. C. StocKorldge.
Treasurer-Prof. F. B. Moodie.
A committee was appointed to draft
a constitution and by-laws, as follows:
S. B. Thompson, Professor StocKurldge
Professor Moodie, Capt. R. E. Rose
and Henry Curtis. The following re-
solutions were then adopted:
"Resolved, That this assembly be
formedinto a state division of the
League of American Producers.
"Rel&v9d. That the organization,
representing the agricultural produc-
ers of Florida, protests against the ex-
tending of reciprocity or the free im-
portation of agricultural products to
any tropical territories not at present
integral parts of the Union, Cuba and
the Philippines expressly intended by
"Resolved, That the officers of this
organisation be instructed to protest
to our representatives and senators in
Congress, and to take all necessary
measure to favorably convey this ac-
It was,.then decided that as soon as
the constitution and by-laws were
ready the president shall Issue a call
for a meeting.
Bemedy for Cut Worms.
A number of years ago I read in a
newspaper a way to prevent cut
worms from eating off young plants.
I tried it and found it to be a great
sueees. As It does not seem to be
generally known I send it to be pub-
lished for the public good.
The article referred to said!
*Take a shaving of wood, make a
ring of It three or four inches in diam-
cter atgoan the stalk of the plant,
Imbedding it a little way Into the soil.
leaving about an inch above the
the root of the plant, the plant is safe,
as the worm wfll never cross the ring.
Keep the end of the leaves off th
3 ground, however, as the worm wi
e crawl up to them. I pinch them of
a Strips of stiff paper, card board o
p tin cans melted apart and cut int
h strips all answer the same purpose
n They should be 11a inches wid
e though narrower will do.
Try this plan and you won't find o
d visiting your garden in the morning
t your very best tomato or cabbage
- plants lying prone on the ground.-
s Cor. Sarasota Times.
Oranges in Osceola.
Osceola county never did cut mud
- of a figure in the orange market, no
Because this is not a good citrus grow
ing section, but because her people
have given their attention chiefly t
Sstockraising and the farming of stapl
SIn the palmy days before the bi
freeze the crop of Osceola did no
Much exceed 20,000 boxes. Conse
Squently the disaster of '93, 94 was bu
little felt. Since the big freeze how
Sever our growers have become mor
impressed with the value of orange'
and, have bestowed more care upon
their groves, most of which are abun
dantly protected by the lakes.
The Kissimmee Valley crop is now
shipped. As it was practically all
handled by local dealers we are able
to furnish an accurate statement of
the amount. The total crop was seven
thousand, two hundred boxes of or-
anges and eight hundred boxes of
grapefrut. It was distributed as fol-
lows: 1400 boxes of oranges and 600
of grapefruit from H. M. Lanier's
grove this side of Bassinger. This
was the largest single corp in the val-
ley; 1,200 boxes of oranges and 100 of
grapefruit from the widow Pierce's
grove at West Bassinger; 1,000 boxes
of oranges from D c Pierce's grove at
West Bassinger; 1,200 boxes of or-
anges from the Driggs grove at Or-
ange Hammock; 500 from the Lee
Bros.'. three hundred from the Poor
Farm, and one hundred from the
Katz groves at Bassville; 200 from the
Narcoossee groves of which about one-
half were grapefruit; 300 from the Bas-
singer neighborhood handled by the
Pierce's Commercial Co., and 300 scat-
There will be several boxes of grape-
fruit to ship from Orange Hammock
that are not included in the above list.
There is no finer fruit in Florida
than the famous Kiss'mmee River or-
anges. They have a golden reputation
in the northern markets and bring top
prices. A considerable proportion of
the oranges are tangerines,which
have sold at fancy prices this season.
Any calculation of the future area
of the citrus section that leaves the
Kissimmee Valley out is absolutely
misleading. Their immunity from
killing cold and their success since the
big freeze have greatly encouraged the
growers. Next year the crop will be
four times as large.-Kissimmee Val-
Florida Sugar and Syrup-II.
Many small planters make sugar still
for their own use, and perhaps a lit-
tle for local markets, but most of
them convert their cane into syrup,
for which they find a readier sale and
better profit. Some of these farmers
have greater copvenlences and under-
stand the business better than others,
hence the good, bad and indifferent
Florida syrup found in the market.
How to Prepare Cane-There is one
e rule which comes first, and must be,
11 carefully and surely regarded before'
a. all others, if a good article of sugar
*r or syrup is to be expected. Notwith-
o standing the utmost importance of this'
e. rule, it is almost universally disregard-
e. ed altogether, or treated with indif-
ferenie. This is proper topping of
n the cane before it goes into the mill.
g Moved by a desire to get all there is
e of it. the habit is to cut the top a lit-
- tie above or a little below the topmost C o b i
joint. The green sap from this unripe We know
part of the cane seriously injures the of nothing better to tear the
.iuib- of the whole, and the final pro- linng your throat and
lungs. it is better than wet
h duct whether sugar or syrup, is hope- feet to cause bronchitis and
t lessly inferior. If sugar is intended, pneumonia. Only keep it
- the granulation will be very deficient, up long enough and you
wdl succeed in reducing your
e the color will be dark, the drainage weight, losing your appetite
* impossible. bringing on a slow fever and
e An Incident in Point -When my making evehng exactly
father was first called to Mr. Yulee's shtor of con-
g sugar works, lie was shown the large Stop coughng and you
t vats, or "coolers," always used to cool will get well.
- the liquid sugar when first taken from
t the kettles, which, if properly pre-
- pared, will be solid wet sugar by or
e before it is cold. In these vats, how-
s ever, was found a heavy. senmi-liquid
Smess. almost as black as tar. and with
- little granulation. A stick was thrust
into it. and upon being withdrawn it
was followed by the ropy- substance
I adhering to it and stretching out sev-
eral feel like soft molasses candy.
"Now. Mr. Philips," said Mr. Yulee,
"this stuff is what a West Indian su- co of ev d
cures coughs of every kid.
gar maker turned out for sugar yester- An ordinary cough diap-
lday. ;an (could not account for his fail- pears in single night. The
ure. _.avNing followed his usual meth- racking coughs of bronchitis
are soon completely mas-
ods and being an expert sugarmaker at tered. And, if not too far
lhome. What is the matter with it?" along, the coughs of con-
"Co'ne out to the mill," said my fath- sumpdon are completely
er. "and I will show you the trouble. urged
A great pyramid of cane lay at the your druggist for one
mill. all with the green tops on as de-
scrieled. and Mr. Yulee was told that Dr. Ayer's
thlis was the cause. Hands were im- Cherry Pectoral
me!ihately set to work to cut the cane
do;-ni to the first ripe joint, which fwas Plaster.
this sugarmaker's invariable rule, and
tnder his supervision, the result was It will aid the action of the
shown in the next day's work-an ex- Cherry.Pectorl.
(cellent article of well crystalized and 7 S faoddarsl smt owi
idrainalle sugar. The mistake of the advi e a youf e ibly obtlai,
Swrlto s freely. ot willtecetwl
West Indian mail probably lay in the reply that maybe of grrt
fact that he did not realize that cane DB.. 0. ATER, Lowen, MasIs
in that part of Florida did not mature
up to the top as, perhaps, it did in his
own \warmler climate, and hence he
had not directed the topping. guished from the rich, mature flavor
Cutting the tops off at the ripe joints of that made exclusively from the ripe
is quite as important, as already inti- cane.
mated, in the manufacture of syrup, if Faulty topping is not the only cause
a pure, clear, light-colored, finely fla- of sediment in syrup; often the juice
vored article that will keep is want- is not carefully or properly skimmed
ed. and dirt or refuse matter is left be-
Color of Syrup--Florida syrup hind, and beclouds the syrup. In the
should never look black in a clear process of manufacture of sugar or
glass bottle, and should not be opaque. syrup it is most important that the
The color of the syrup should vary first heavy coat of scum which rises
from an almost amber hue to a light to the top as the juice becomes hot.
red. according to the variety of cane it should be surely and thoroughly re-
is made from-the green and yellow moved before the boiling stage lA
ribbon producing the lighter, and the reached. If not, much of this extran-
red the darker, the latter ..:; ,.::,. eous matter will be so thoroughly in.
red ribbon and red the darker, the lat- corporate with boiling juice that It
,tor the darkest of all. will never be separated again-never
All of them should be clear. Where presenting itself a second time to the
black or tinged with black streaks, or operator so that It can be taken off.
containing ,lack sediment, it may be The sugar which follows such an omls
settled that >he sappy juice of the un- sion will be dotted with dark specks
ripe joints entered into its composition that have an insoluble sediment at
or else that it passed into coolers or the bottom of a glass in which it has
wooden vessels while hot which had been dissolved, and syrup will show
contained such sappy syrup. Se dell- floating, dark particles, looking like
eate is the finest syrup that It flakes of soot when poured upon a
may le easily contaminated by such plate and a dirty precipitate will be
contrast as that last mentioned. A found at the bottom of the container.-
"green' taste also characterizes syrup A. E. Philips in Farmer and Fruit
made from unripe cane, easily distin- grower.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The Soil Wechantcal an&Cheincal.
The physical condition of the soil
has much to do with its productive
powei, so does the mechanical condi-
tion. Owing to the recent combinations
among the fertilizer men and the rap-
id advance in the price of chemical
fertilizers of every kind, it may be
well to discuss these conditions.
The soil is mechanically or physic-
ally considered, either hard or loose,
coarse or fine, clayey or sandy and so
on. Geologist:, tell us that it was all
once rock and has been broken 'down
by time's gnawing tooth, aided by var-
ious agencies, such as floods, freezes
and glaciers. But we prefer to believe
that in the beginning God made tho
soil much as we find it, ready and wil-
ling to produce vegetation. The me-
chanical condition of the soil as far as
it relates t6oining is of prime im-
portance to iH farmers. Upon this
largely depends our success or failure.
Through this we can have some con-
trol over its productiveness. If the
mechanical condition is poor our crops
will be poor, but if it is good our crops
are apt to be good. Directly we cant
have very little effect upon the plant
food supply, but indirectly through
the physical condition of'the soil, we
can greatly influence the power to
yield. Hence it is a matter worthy of
By proper use of good tools we can
first break up the soil to any required
deepness andthen crush it to any re-
quired fineness. The fertility of any
given soil will depend largely upon the
depth and fineness. Shallow soils ev-
en though fine, will not long remain
fertile. Coarse soils though deep will
not yield full crops. Hence we must
break deep and pulverize fine. Speed
While doing these, great good may
be accomplished by mixing in all the
vegetable matter possible.
The Chemical Condition.-By this
we mean to consider what elements
of plant life does the soil contain, in
what quantities and in what condition.
Plants must have nitrogen, carbon pot-
ash, phosphoric acid, lime and various
elements supplied through the soil, be-
fore they are grown. The nitrogen,
carbon, etc., comes from the atmos-
phere. The potash, phosphoric acid,
lime, and eleven other minerals come
from the soil.
Hence it is very important to in-
quire If our soil has a sufficient supply
of these. We are glad to say that plen-
ty of them are in all our soils. Prof.
Roberts estimates that the three nam-
ed above, being the most important,
and used in the largest quantities.
exist in abundant quantities.
About $2,700 worth of them is found
in the first twelve inches of almost
any soil. A little is in the next twelve
They are Not Soluble.-But nearly
all this ample supply is insoluble.
Plants cannot feed upon sol,] food.
The productive capacity of any soil
depends almost entirely on the quan-
tity of these elements which it contains
in a soluble condition. This is the all
Now it so happens that their solu-
bility depends very largely upon the
mechanical condition of the soil. So
we see that we may change the fertili-
ty of our soil by changing the me-
chanical condition so that the question
of the productive capacity of our soil
depends largely upon us.
There are two ways of doing this.
One Is by buying soluble plant-food.
chemically prepared and putting it in
the soil. This Is very expensive,
though now very generally practiced.
The other way is by so improving
the mechanical condition of our farms
that those elements will become solu-
ble by natural processes. This is cer-
tainly the more sensible way in the
Combine Both.-The present condi-
tion of Southern farms is generally
such that perhaps the wisest course is
to combine both methods. In cvery
practicable way improve the conditionn
of our soils in depth and fineness.
Then increase the crops by prudent
use of chemically prepared food.
The action of these bought elements
upon the crops will be greatly increas-
ed by the improved condition of well
prepared soils. Good soils pay larger
profits for outside help.
Very much of the guano now used
does not pay because of the poor (cl-n-
dition of the soil. There is neither
room for full root development nor
sulticient water supply.
Here as well as elsewhere, intelli-
gence is needed. Educate yourselves
in all that concerns your calling. Your
farming will then be more profitable
and pleasant. Providence smiles up-
on those who work according to na-
ture's laws.-Southern Cultivator.
The advantages of green manuring
seem to be underestimated by the ma-
jority of farmers. When leguminous
crops are used the following objects
are gained: The physical properties of
the soil are improved, the content of
humus is increased, and consequently
the soil plant-food is brought from
lower to higher levels, and the most
expensive plantfood-nitrogen-is not
merely procured from the air, but is
added to the soil when the plants de-
cay. When given a dressing of potash
and phosphate these crops are es-
pecially valuable for renovating worn
and barren soils, and upon better land,
combining with rational soiling, they
furnish large quantities of stock food.
thus permitting of a larger num-
ber of animals being kept and of
a considerable saving of manure.
vent the loss of plant-food by
If used as catch-crops, they pre
vent leaching and protect the soil
from washing in times of heavy rain-
Grasses' and other non-leguminous
plants are less valuable than legumi-
nous for green manuring, since they
are usually shallower feeders, do not
obtain their nitrogen from the air, but
from the upper strata of soil, which
they practically rob, since when turn-
ed under much of their vegetable mat-
ter is but slowly made available to the
roots of the succeeding crops, and ex-
cept for this humus they return only
what they draw from the thin layer of
the st-face soil. They are also less
valuable for stock food, and with but
few exceptions yield a smaller quanti-
ty of fodder to the acre.-M. G. Kains,
in Farm and Fireside.
Goat Growing in Osceola.
Stock growing in Osceola county is
is not confined to cattle, sheep and
hogs. Goats are also being raised with
successful results. L. D. Graham, who
is a very versatile farmer, has a herd
of goats, so has Barney Shiver, and
there are smaller bunches scattered
about. Mr. Graham bought about 75
head last May; he has now double that
number. Most of the increase came
on Christmas day when nearly all the
nannies had twin kids all at once. He
was forced to spend Christmas nursing
this army of kids all day.
Mr. Shiver started five years ago
with fourteen head; now his herd
numbers nearly two hundred.
Both of these gentlemen are be-
lievers in goats. These animals will
live anywhere and fatten on anything.
palmetto, wiregrass, trees, shrubs or
sticks. They are not fence burglars
and do not annoy the neighbors as
hogs do. Their meat is first rate to
eat, many people preferring it t, mut
ton. If bred to an angora ram their
fleece is worth from 30 to 70 cents.
They are singularly prolific breeders,
kidding twice a year and always
twins. The only objection to them is
their rank smell, which makes them
unpleasant near a house.-Klssimmee
Jamaica Fruit Business.
The increasing suspicion with which
California and Frorida growers re-
gard Jamaica competition is another
evidence of the Imnortant part that
island is playing in our commercial
affairs. Jamaica's progress is due as
much to the enterprise of her business
men and their realization of the ad-
vantages they hold in certain places as
it is to the Island's natural advant-
ages. One evidence of this enterprise
Is the recent establishment of a di-
rect steamship line between Jamaica
and Southampton. The Colonial of-
fice recently signed a contract with
the Jamaica Fruit and Produce As-
sociation for five years, and service
will begin next May. Under the con-
tract steamers will sail every two
weeks. They will have a speed of 15
knots and a carrying capacity of at
least 20,000 bunches of bananas. The
contractors have bound themselves to
employ at least six agents in Jamaica
for the development of the fruir in-
The Jamaicans are just as eager to
extend their commerce into this coun-
try as into England and their success
has aroused the Jealousy of some En-
glishmen, as well as the fear of some
American growers.-Fruit Trade Jour-
QUICK CURING FOR MEATS.
A Way that Does Away With the
Smoke House and Meat Barrel.
A man who knows from many years
experience gives this method of curing
and smoking all kinds of meat, such as
ham. shoulders, bacon, dried beef,
sausage, bologna, fish, etc. He claims
that it is the simplest, quickest and
most perfect in all its results.
For 200 pounds of meat take 1-4 lb.
pure ground black pepper, 1 lb. brown
sugar, 2%/ lbs. salt, 1-4 lb. pure pulver-
ized saltpeter and mix together. First
rub the meat well with salt, and let it
stand one day in order to draw
out all the blood. Lay the ham,
shoulders and bacon on the skin side,
then apply the above mixture by rub-
bing and pressing in with the hands.
Do more pressing than rubbing, and in
the course of a week make two more
applications three days apart. If in
about two weeks it is not drying as it
should, and seems a little slimy, apply
a little around the bone, and where
the meat is apt to get strong, then
when dried in, hang in the garret and
apply two coats of Krausers' Liquid
lepv4. A t t -
"TAKE of the pennies
I will take mce
Rgation of ll
things. If we
take care of the small things we are in
effect taking care of th large things,
which the small things combine to make.
That is the philosophy of the old finan-
cial proverb, and its application is as
broad as human life. I
Take care of what you eat, when yeo
eat, and how you eat, and your stomach
will take care of itself. But who takes
care of such trivial things? That is
why, someday, the majority of people
have to take care of the stomach. Whet
that day comes, there is no aid so efeo-'
tive in undoing the results of past care-
lessness as Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery. It strengthens the stomach,
and restores the organs of digestion and
nutrition to a condition of healthy ac-
tivity. It cures biliousness, heartbu,,
flatulence, indigestion, palpitation, dis-
ziness, cold extremities, and a core of
other ailments which are but the symp-
toms of disorder in the stomach and t
If you are sick you can consult Dr.
R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y., by letter,
free of charge. Bach letter is treated as
sacredly confidential, and an answer is
promptly sent in a plain envelop with-
out printing or advertising upon it.
was troubled with very frequent heads
often accompanied by vere vomatta," writa
Mim Mary Belle iaaerton. of Sn D
Dual Co., Tea. "My bowel were rr
and my stomach ad lver seemed conti.nual
out of order. Often I would eat almost nothia
and sometime esalutdy noteshin for twears
four hours at a time. I wa ey aft
work, and m yywhole a ""d so radow
that I feared a evere sick spend aad was very
much discourage. I was advised to tr Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discoier and dld a
with trh satiu'mor _1lt that before fiaih-
the third btt It perfectly able to under
tae the duties attending public school life, d
contracted to do I most heartily advice t
suffering with indigestion. and its attendant
evils, to give this great medicine a fair trial "
Use only Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets
with "Golden Medical Discovery"when
a laxative is needed.
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 1, 8, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any rden
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when, where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than 3, nor more than
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him for price list Wholesale and retail.
TO CURE LA GRIPPE IN TWO
Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUIN-
INE TABLETS. All drugglets refund
the money if it falls to cure. B. W.
GROVE'S signature on every box. 25
protection around it whatever. Dur-
ing the summer the heat has been 100
degrees and over and yet our meats
keep perfectly. We can therefore re-
commend the above recipe and would
suggest that you use it If you want to
have cured meat right away as it is
not necessary to wait two or three
months to cure and smoke meat. Of
course the longer It hangs the more de-
licious the flavor is. It is far superior
to any packing house product. Full
,-1 u e We cure ana, information will be sent free on appll-
smoke our meat this way and hang cation to E. Krauser & Bro., Milton,
It in a light, airy garret, without any Pa.
_ __ _IC_
(lie of the river.-DeFuniak Herald.
A Marion county farmer told a Star
reporter that he had 500 barrels of vel-
vet beans, for which he was offered
.si5!(, lut thought that they were more
valuable to him to feed to his milch
cows. O,,la Star.
Tampa gets a new cigar factory. The
license and number have been securely.
Swithl tile assistance of one man and and the bond is being prepared. S.
two horses. Ottenberg & Bros., of New York, will
It is said that Judge Gober's charge establish a branch of their house here
to the grand jury will cause progres- and begin the manufacture of clear
sive euchre to be abandoned in Mari- tHavana cigars Benjamin Cosio will
ana. He charged that any game wilth be the local manager, and becomes in
cards or schemes, no matter how fixed tcrested in the firm.
up, for anything of value, prize or IJohn Denham, of Key West, and
money, whether played by the "foul W\alter (Iraham. of Sumpter county,
hundred," in a parlor or by negroes in will very soon begin the publication
the woods, was gambling, and charged !at Pensacola of a new daily paper to
the grand jury to find true bills against to lb known as the Press. It will con-
all who should violate the law. tWlin tlhe full Associated Press dia -
I;ate-lies and other up-to-date features.
Two young men, who gave their 1 ( n ill e editor of the ne.
names as Charles J. Pomeroy anld j,. i
Thomas Tobin, are under arrest at,
T'iTe Stewart Contracting Company.
Pensacola as suspicious characters. Te S t C ratin Com n
the pair resembling somewhat two of sant i"h'l (a., has finished its con-
photographs held by police for crim-: tlict with the government at Punta
cordsl. Theic is now a channel twelve
inals wanted in Boston on serious T is now a hanel twelve
charges. The prisoners claimed Bos feet deep opposite one of the main
}hlsiotlesN streets of th(e towvn. The
ton as their home, but were much sur- usis t town. The
prised at being arrested. They had evi- dlredgiing stopped one block west and
dently been trying their hand at coun- IorthNard of the Punta Gorda Hotel.
The'l' work lhas been received.
terfeiting paper currency. ; Th olk is bn re Oak ed
Mr. Rogers of New York, Guide' asr week in Live Oak a dog b
Hancock and the Hall brothers got 'lnging to Sid Conner, went mad and
back by steam launch Tuesday night lIit everything he came in contact
from a week's hunting trip on catfish wit. MIr. Conner's two-year-old son
creek. Their object was turkeys and wIs ll ong the victims of the
nothing but turkeys, Mr. Rogers hav- rabid ainlal. Finally the dog
ing declared war against the bird of wa' killed by thle town marshal. Mr.
Thanksgiving and Christmas. He re- Coiiller ha taken his child to New
alized his utmost expectations. The York for treatment hoping to save it
party brought back ten fine gobblers. frolu ain atitmk of hydrophobia.
monsters, large and fat. Mr. Rogers i The new year started with 361
in his seventh heaven.--Kissimmee ":!e`s on the Florid I pension lolls,
ley Gazette the Iboard having passed upon ill -he
Lessburg Commercial: Ve are proud 'll)liications that were in proper forn;.
of our Leesburg moss factory. It iJs I underr the old law there were 1n.trly
the biggest paying little business, that s Iuntlired pensions and it is thou-zht
is for the amount of money invested, that the new list will be doubled dur
and the large amount distributed Iing ti' t first quarter of the present
among the moss pickers, that we know y ;, Tallahassee correspondent T. 7U.
of. and just to that extent and mort, i & C.
is Mr. A. B. Efird, who established Vlorida Tropical Sun: Big investors
the factory. a public benefactor. At
present lie is looking up statistics.
facts and figures, on the rice industry,
and may interest himself in establish-
ing that enterprise here.
Mr. Benj. Carroll, an old and high-
ly respected citizen of Fort McCoy.
fell out of the house at the home of
his son a few days ago and received
injuries from which he died the fol-
lowing day. He was eighty-threp
The first convict for the reformatory
school arrived at Marianna last week
He was a negro boy from Orlando,
and is sent up for four years for at-
tempting to wreck a train.
Mr. John B. Johnston, formerly of
the Dade City Democrat, has been
elected editor of the Bartow Courier-
Inifrmant. and took editorial charge
of that paper this week. Capt. John-
ston is one of the best writers in the
State, and the Polk County Printing
Company should be congratulated on
securing his services.-Lakeland Sun.
A fish peddler by the name of Jack-
son was drowned in Shoal river last
week. It is thought that he attempt-
ed to swim the river to get a flat to
cross his team over, and took cramp.
HiJ! clothes containing bout 4202 were
found on his wagon next day by a
passer-by, who began the seartn for
;lie not nbacward anout placing their
money as well as pinning their faith
on Florida's future. Among the sever-
al recent big deals is the sale of 94,000
acres of land in Lake county to the
great tobacco kings known as the
Dukes of Durham. They expect to
first rut off and utilize the timber,
then plant their purchase to tobacco
and eventually run a railroad across
country to connect with the Florida
East Coast Railway. This is their
present program of operations as an-
The new steamer H.' B. Plant was
out yesterday for a trial spin on the
river. Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald, super-
intendent of the Plant Line, for which
the boat was built, was aboard with
-everal friends. The trip was decid-
edly successful. On Friday the official
trial trip will be made, the steamer,
-oing down the river and to sea for a
spin. If she does as well then as she
did yesterday her success will be an-
other triumph in steamboat building
for the Merrill-Stevens Engineering;
Messrs. Vickers & Hartig, of this
' the body, and found It about the mid-
policy is to b
sion, or whet)
gress. The a
But this c
ant. We hav
as that relat
ocean to ocee
the people ar
come such a
passed the b
are not only c
to meet this n
INTERIOR OF UNITED STATES SENATE CHAMBER.
is passing through a great Congressman Brewer.
is. Whether our national Hon. Willis Brewer, Representative
e one of territorial expan- in Congress from Alabama writes the
her we are to remain aloof following letter to Dr. Hartman:
tional complications, is the "I have used one bottle of Pe-ru-na
tion confronting our Con- for lassitude, and I take pleasure in
attention of the world is di- recommending it to those who need a
d us. The deliberations of good remedy. As a tonic it is excellent.
have come to be of inter- In the short time I have used it, it has
ortance. done me a great deal of good. Willis
consideration affects only Brewer, Hayneville, Ala."
i welfare. Our domestic Congressman eek8son.
not one bit less import-
"e serious questions before Ho n. David
e only to home interests. Meekison, Mem-
them is the health of our her of Congress
rrh has already become a from Ohio, says
e. Its ravages extend from of Pe-ru-na: "I
n. More than one-half of have used sev-
eaffected by it. It has be- eral bottles of
serious matter that it has Pe-ru-na and feel
boundaries of the medical greatly benefited
d become a national ques- thereby from my
rs are talking about it; catarrh of the MeCsron.
are discussing it. They head and feel en-
onsidering the extent and courage to believe that its continued
re of the disease, but the use will fully eradicate a disease of
finding a national remedy thirty year's standing. David Meekison,
national calamity. Napoleon, O."
ward from Alabama. United State Senator Sullivan.
"I have taken "I desire to say that I have been tak-
Pe-ru-na now for ing Pe-ru-na for some time for catarrh,
two weeks, and and have found itanexcellentmedicine,
S find I am very giving me more relief than anything I
much relieved. have ever taken. W. V. Sullivan, Ox-
I feel that my cure
will be perma-
nent. I have also
taken it for la
/ grippe, and I take
/ pleasure in
Congressman Pe-ru-na as an ex-
Howard. cellent remedy to
all fellow suf-
ferers. M. W. Howard,
Fort Payne, Ala."
Hon. t1. G. Worthington, Congress-
man from Nevada, and Ex-Minister to
Argentine Republic, says in a letter
written to Dr. Hartman:
"Allow me to express my gratitude to
you for the benefit derived from your
remedies. I have taken one bottle of
Pe-ru-na and it has benefited immensely
a case of catarrh of some months stand-
ing. I cordially commend its use to all
similarly afflicted. H. G. Worthington,
Washington, D. C."
"I have found Pe-ru-na a very efficient
and speedy remedy for a persistent and
annoying cough resulting from catarrhal
trouble. Horace Snover, Port Austin,
United States Senator McEnery.
Hon. S. D. McEnery, United States
Senator from Louisiana,says the follow-
ing in regard to Pe-ru-na:
"Pe-rn-na is an excellent tonic. I
have used it sufficiently to say that I
believe it to be all that you claim for it.
8. D. McEnery, New Orleans, Louisi-
Congressman W. P. Brownlow.
"I have suffered with catarrh of tie
stomach for several years and for thi
past twelve months was in an exceed-
ingly critical condition. My attention
was called to your Pe-ru-na and I began
to use it, and my improvement was
noticeable after the first three days. 1
have taken three bottles of the medicine
and I feel satisfied that I am now almost
if not permanently cured. In connec-
tion with the Pe-ru-na, I have used your
Man-a-lin for biliousness and torpid
liver. I regard it as the best medicine
for this purpose that I have ever used.
Having been benefited so much myself,
I give you this statement that others
may be likewise benefited. W.P.Brown-
low, M. C., Jonesboro, Tenn."
For a free book, entitled "Winter
Catarrh," address The Pe-ru-na Drug
Manufacturing Company, Columbus, 0.
city, will shortly commence publishing' Vickers will be consolidated with the T cultivation of broom cane. ca-
e n 1y The cultivation of broom cane. cas-
here a new weekly Democratic news- new concern. Material for the new
paper, to be known as the East Flor- publication is arriving, and the paper va ar aneweet ad
idian. The office will be located in the will make its appearance about Jan- many standard garden and field crops
Bishop block, on Front Street. The uary 15.-Palatka correspondent T. U. is doing much to put the orange sec
job printing establishment of M. M. & C. tion of Florida on Its feet again.
FZ.O3XDIANA. the body, and found it about the mid-
G. T. Gaskins, an industrious farm-
er who lives about six miles from Oca-
la, harvested this year 1,500 bushels
of corn. 530 bushels of sweet potatoes,
1.t00 gallons of syrup, 500 pounds of
cleaned rice, 325 barrels of Irish pota-
toes and a considerable amount of
garden vegetables. All this was done
CATARRHH A NATIONAL CALAMITY.
[Prominent members of Congress that owe their health to Pe-ru-na.]
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 21
Kaffir-corn is grown in every coun-
ty in Kansas, Secretary Coburn report-
ng 582,895 acres in 1899 for the state.
yet we are In constant receipt of letters
asking how to raise and how to feed it.
It has been raised on the Kansas Ag-
ricultural College farm for the past
eleven years. We recommend two va-
rieties-the Red and the Black-hulled
White. For the first seven years we
raised the Red. The black-hulled
White was then introduced, and from
1896 to 1898 we grew these two varie-
ties side by side the Red giving an
average yield of 37 bushels an acre.
and the Black-hulled White 43 bushels
per acre. We now raise the Black-hul-
led White only. In western Kansas
many farmers think the Red a I;tlle
Kaffir-corn makes a slow early
growth and should not be planted un-
til the ground becomes warm. On
cold soils surface planting is best; on
warm soils listing does welL Plant in
rows 3 to 3 1-2 feet apart, dropping sin
gle seeds an inch apart in the row.
*Cultivate the sameas you would for a
good crop of corn. Many farmers sow
Kaffir-corn broadcast, cut with a mow-
er, handle and feed as hay.
When grown for grain, the heads
may be cut off and gathered if the
fodder is not wanted. When the
fodder Is to be used, the cheapest meth-
od of harvesting Kaffir-corn is to cut
and put It up in large shocks.
The College farm Is upland. In the
eleven years that we have grown Kat-
fir corn there has been but one failure
to produce grain.
In 1894 Kaffir-corn yielded no grain.
but gave two tons of fodder per acre
Corn the same year yielded no grain
and one ton of fodder per acre. The
average yield of grain per acre on the
College farm for the past eleven years
has been, per year:Kaffr-corn, 46 bush-
els, corn 341/, bushels. Our highest
yield per acre In one year has been:
Kaffir-corn 98 bushels; corn 74 bushels.
In the western half of the state the
difference in favor of Kaffir-corn is
greater, as there, in dry years when
corn yields one to five bushels per acre
the yield of Kaffir-corn is 25 bushels or
A bushel of corn is worth more for
feed than a bushel of Kaffir-corn, but
on the College farm an acre of Kaffir-
corn is worth mbre than an acre of
corn. The average of the results
where we have fed corn against Kaffir-
corn in fattening hogs shows 12 pounds
of pork from a bushel of corn and
ten pounds of pork from a bushel of
Kaffir-corn. This shows for the Col-
lege farm (upland) an average yield of
grain per year per acre to produce
460 pounds of pork from Kaffir-corn
and 404 pounds of pork from 'corn.
The relative value of corn and
Kaffir-corn are practically the same
for beef production as for pork.
Kaffir-corn grain and alfalfa hay
make the cheapest combination of
feeds in Kansas for milk production.
Kaffir-corn meal is especially valua-
ble to feed calves raised on skim milk.
Ite constipating effect offsets the
loosening tendency of the milk.
Animals tire of Kaffr-corn alone
more quickly than they do of corn
alone but combined with other feeds
they relish it for any length of feeding.
In three experiments in fattening
hogs a mixture of Kaffir-corn four
fifths and soy beans one-half gave a
gain per bushel of feed of over 36 per
cent more than Kaffir-corn alone.
Hogs fed on Kaffir and alfalfa gained
91 pounds each, wlile hogs fed Kaffir- SEND NO M ONEY
corn alone gained 52 pounds each. | il_,_ _l m t
Hogs fed Katltr-Corn and five pounds tl -J SS!Sf yoipr SMwrEsht
l boaeu, eeiA ,eimaet -rpefl55fted.
of skini milk each per day gained exatct asiar 2I M 4l
=Aur yos u W ." "Moas M Yaw
sixly-,ix pounds per bog. while those SU AjE f1, er CM *15.50
fed Kaffir-corn alone gained 42 pounds -n,"-"- -, a ia m u eatoP
clV5 IT THREE! ON2 T iLA.n your o
each. SAY you we not
frg RU.S of al at 88.64, $I
Kattir-.orn is our best drontl re- OI* O ndis alrl Oaw Sr lsbag a
sisting grain feeding crop and our l th amt-t inlu vu aiaBS D tale.
heaviest yielder on poor soils we: BEWARE OF IMITATIONS b,
Ivermen", offering m .m mammos under vario
recommend it in place of corn for the various inducemeat s writ Mamand men icaa
EassassZ As we0 ARM NOT.
uplands of eastern Kansas and for all THE BURDICK SL. Wo.'As'
soils in western Kansas. When this Rma C a" a
SWUmS OF OlB MDE r RT. LMENT MAKER
Kaffir-corn is fed with drought re- mrZ T EBE
sisting feeds rich in protein, the beef, H SNu
pork aud milk production of Kansas p ng rom
in dry years will be equal to that of bi d
lbing planted.-Bulletin Kan. Exper- t
iment Station. |ear, pent nSee
CROPS AND PRODUCTS. 5uflu oem
Toniatot .- Bard L. Hlendry is nouw t 1 xtand, I
slipping tonuatoes froul his lot which =w. nTu t arm (. w. BR.l
ihei only had cleared up last suinnlor. UAR ROEBI
He shipped 35 crates last week, and is
making good shipments by very
stealer. IHe proposes to put out a
bhig spring crop. and will plant 20 It's Like Play
acres in vegetables. next fall. r't. My- I Like l
ers I Press.
%0 to ratw hotoWWe6ttete4lta g
to keep the silverware bright
Oranges in Volusia.-Mr. W. S. Hart
gathered two boxes of oranges from thI* la sware sparkliig the
his grove at Hawks Park this week. Il(cycale lustrous. the llianolI
and has a few more yet to gather. cS(e si!n tild every polisitahle
When it is remembered that we had a tiing at top notch of brilliance
freeze last February when the temper- iow that it is possible.
nature went down to 20 degrees, it is T
encouraging to be able to pick even a T
few oranges from our groves. While WITCH KLOTH
there will be no oranges to ship there
are a number of groves that have a Noitingi lit a .simpl cl iol ai
few oranges.-New Smyrna .Breeze. I ';a s lo! ( caI see, ib)it the
ilsa;ic of its touch removes tar-
nisih and sniuchiness as a damp ff
Sugar Cane-Mr. S. J. T. Seegar. a rag r s dust. cents a
cane-grower of the Ocoee district. has sliet. . ...........
kindly handed us a few figures show-
ing by his experience the difference in Doll
certain kinds of cane: From one stalk
of Simpson cane weighing six pounds Slippers
and fourteen ounces, he procured five
\\ itlhlt a penny to pa.'. Ever-
pounds and four ounces of juice. From A% itth girl w ps e mothe r now or
litti<- g"il whose mother now or
one stalk of Blue cane. six pounds and i ti ft uses Witchkloth
fourteen ounces, he got four pounds iau get a pair of beautiful slip-
andf eight ounces of juice. FronlPnoue .an .t a pair of beautiftii slip-
and eight ounces of juice. ne pes made to fit her dolly. .
stalk of Ribbon cane. six pounds antd I'll,5 tAL SPECIALTY CO.,
nine ounces, he got four pounds and PI.iladelphia, Pa.
one ounce of juice. From one stalk of
Green cane. five pounds, seven ounces.
he only got three pounds and four-
teen ounces of juice. The Simpson va-
riety is his favorite. As can be seen
it is the best juice producer and should
he given the preference by all growers.
Machinery for the refinery has been
ordered and will arrive in a few days
when the work of erection will com-
Iniene(' alld it is expected to have the
works, which will be a vast benefit to
that place, this city and the State at
large, at work by early fall.-Jackson-
ville Evening News.
Lettuce and Celery-Messrs. Shan-
neberger & Chapman. of Bear Head
farm. at Pine castle. near Or-
lando. commenced shipping lettuce
(Christlmas day. They have about
20.5)1 lleadn that are about ready
to ship. with a large quantity
to come on later. Their early celery
beds which were drowned out.by
heavy rains were replanted. They
will have a large quantity to ship a
little later on in the winter.-Titus-
SIXECUTED IN ........
ren LATEST DESIGNS OF
ror% F'roifr7g- -
L'or cemetery and bwn enclusure
All work guaranteed. Prices reaison,
Correspond with :: :: ::
G EO. R. NICHOL da CO.
ni Harrison itre i.
aElsie Toilet Cream"
SSupaerior to'atl Others.
S To keep a clear complex
ion and tender skin try it
15 and 25 cta per bottle at
Druegists, or mailed M ade
onlyby S\M A. WIGGINS
& CO., Chicago. sold by
S Wholesale Druggists every-
*2.75 BOX RAIWRN COtA
m1,11r-- MaU lA.UL B Q B. w... & "
SEAR.S OEBUCK & CO. (Inc.) CHICACOO
k aesee* e Me. .shiy n rsus
\Ve offer an excellent stock of Citrus trees,
Orange, Lemon, Pomelo
s ..l. Kumquat, Mandari n s
L. etic., on various stocks.
/s all sizes and low rates.
SSend for new list just
I1t Remember we are
Sr headquarters i n t h e
SSouth for Palms. Bam-
Sboos, Ferns, Decorative
a sd land Ornamental plants
aS of all sorts. Catalogue
free. KI.ASONER BROS., Oneco, a.
Anyone sending a sketch and descrintion ma
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether aS
invention is probably patentable. Commimunl
Aions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents
bent free. Oldest agency for securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
special notice, without charge. in the
A handsomely illustrated weekly. J. rest cir-
culation of any scientific Journal. Terms. 3 a
year; four months, SL Sold byall nwsdealeer.
MUNN & Co.se6 New Yrt
Brach Office. ~ F PF., Waahinto.nn. D
$1S.98 BUYS A $3.50 SUIT
0140rAU '3~lIle.T UII
11.4411' RATEB **-1mE RuMeT" mama
AT AND 55KI, SESULAR SL. DBOT STWO.
IM Ks PAKTl SU11 AT SmI.S.
A NEW SUIT FiRE F ANY O 1N15f %iTn
SR UN S oT IVE SATISFAGTm VINIT
1END NO MONEY, eat td ad. ot.
end to us. stale sge of hy and say whether
0 large or small forage and we will send yog
he suit by express, C. 0. D. subject to ex-
amination. q on can exainle It at your
epreas office and it found perfectly sati-
ry and qal to uiit. s ya a he
9s .- payyourrepre agent arS, etal
rc e 1.9 r. and express changes.
THE IE IANT SliTl are for boys to
a. Made with DOUL 8KAT mad KEl
latest I style as Uiluotnrl, msde hw a
Special heavy welgit, wear-mtlihg, lIl-wed
Site-a Culrmli neat, handsome pattern,
fine Italian lining, Seasiaer radio. illnterini, l |gd
slteng and eilfelag, dlk and liaa sewlg. Stlaleta-
tL-e otria stt any bo or parent would be pread e
rOs rile CLOTH 8Al PLSf ef.' Cl*etkl#fee aI 4 t
Ir0 T1K, writer rr Seaple Biek s. 553, contains fashion
plates, tape measure and full Instructions bow to order
Mea'r uilts made to order Ar m a*p. Barn-
iles sent free on application. Address.
SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), Chicao, IL
(eas, Beekr b Ce are thkmreS ly rellabe.--ditr.)
- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
mPIM AND 1I0UORML
The opal mines in New Mexico an
the United States have been about ex
hausted, no gems of much value beinj
extracted from them, though at on
time large sums were made out of th
mines. Opals occur in veins in th
same manner as silver and gold.
The next total solar eclipse will b
May 28, 1900. The duration of totalit
ranges from one minute and thirty-si:
seconds, in Portugal, to one minute an
six seconds, in northern Africa. Gen
eral scientific expeditions will proceed
to Algiers, on account of its low clou
ratio and ease of access. An eclipse
committee in London Is getting up
grand excursion party.
Every year the treasurer of the Uni
ted States is called upon to redeen
millions of bank notes which have be
come badly worn as a result of con
stant handling. During the fiscal year
recently closed Treasurer Roberts gave
new bills in exchange for old to the
amount of $20,000,000, breaking the
record of, the last six years. This is at
indication that with the return of pros
perity money is in free circulation.
Autograph letters in Dutch, written
by president Kruger, Gen. Joubert an
President Steyn, are exhibited for salt
in the window of a dealer in the Soho
district. Oom Paul's signature has a
substantial and increasing market val
ue. An American paper says there is
a craze among collectors in New York
for His Honor's autograph, and that
there is more than a suspicion that
several forgeries have been palmed
off on the public.-London Chronicle
A bicyele factory in Pennsylvania
has just completed a number of jin-
rikshas for China, Japan, South Africa
and the Philippines. The bodies of
the carriages are of wood, and some
of the wheels are of bicycle finish,
with rubber tires. All have tops to
protect the riders from the heat of the
tropical countriesI The American
manufacturers have greatly improved
the running qualities and appearance
of this useful but queer-looking ve-
Portsmouth has a novelty in the
shape of a cat who patronizes football.
She is a supernumerary belonging to
one of the messes at Whale Island,
the home of the naval gunnery school
oflcialy known as her majesty's ship
Excellent. At Whale Island there is
a football ground, where the Excellent
team display their prowess. On the oc-
casion of a match there this cat is in
the habit of sedately marching to the
ground with her two-footed mess com-
panions. She sits in the front row of
spectators while play is in progress.
and on the conclusion of the match
trots back to quarters.-Westminister
Babies seem to be no trouble in
Italy, and one cannot be but struck by
the number of them. These bambinos
are often hung upon pegs in the front
of the house, where they look out of
their little black, beady eyes like pa-
poses. I unhooked one of these ba-
bies and held it a while. Its back and
little feet were held tightly against a
strip of board so that it was quite
stiff from its feet to its shoulders.
It did not seem to object or to be at all
uncomfortable, as it only howled while
I was bolding It. I have an idea that
g ... aATHOM
e except when invaded by foreigners, the
e haubino's existence is quite happy.- A A T H OM
e Lilian Bell in Woman's Home Compan-
ion. iS I THE GREATEST OF SPECIALISTS
e Some time ago a passenger train in OFFERS TO THE SUFFERING
y Arizona left the rails, rolled down the HIS SERVICES AND
x bank and landed in three feet of mud-
1 dy water at the bottom of the river ASk your physii thbs REMEDIES.
- Ied. Within the cars there was some t a. SW thm For more than twenty-five years Dr. J. New-
Snatural confusion. Men, women and ton Hathaway has made a specialty of Female
1 natural confusion. Men, women and oil Dseases. Trying that time he has had among
d lunch boxes were thrown into a heap, y forctDisa. During that ient heo hr tn thong
eand not an umbrella or parcel was left rn Wi I tahiBW mI and womcD.suffering fom all
a in the racks. One by one the occu- Oil." Nine out of tIe Will those manty difer ex.nt
pants of the rear car extricated them- answer te samT Way. has completely and perma-
r when rm y nentcy aurea more than 80 per
selves from the mass and sought for whn ently o t oe has heo er
- means of escape, while stanching var- Cmeumption loa the r treated.
Sious wounds caused by broken glass. a ump i B y his exclusive method.
- Every exit was jammed tight. Just fatty oo tt b chas perfected
- then in the midst of the doubt and sary for 1i W rC ey and most extensive practice he is enabled to cure all
confusion rose a woman's voice in they CaUt tk of these dieret dseses, including painful
S tCod- profuse or suppressed menstruation., prolapsus.
e emphatic demand: "Let me out! Let liVer Oil. The piain oil ds- all ovarian trouble, tumors and uleraton-n
enphaicI deand: "Lt meou! Let liv ol. 1 fact, every form of those diseases which make a
Sme out! If you don't let me out I'll tib the stomach an takes burden of life to the great majority of women.
e break a window!" He has so perfected this system of his that he
Saway the appCeite. The ds can treat these cases by mail, without any per-
To attend a church where the music ar ab o r sonal examination (to which every sensitlv
To attend a church where the music woman naturally objects) and without any oper-
is supplied by a barrel organ must be taste make t almost unn- aton, with its consequent pain and necessary
very like stepping into a bygone cen- s durable. What is to be don ? His system of treatment is taken in the pr-
tury, but it is an experience which the This USOn W- of th oe; the cure Is painless and itis
parishioners of Trottlscliff--A Kentish 3 Wtrd when we fit m him a 0B LOW FEE.
e village within twenty-five miles of Lon-your codi-
tion and he will send you a blank to be filled out.
don--can every week enjoy. Its ad- He will give your case his personal attention and
herence to old customs may be pardon-S care and make his fee so moderate (Including al
medicinesneecessary) that you will not feel the
- ed, for the church was standing at the burden of the payment, and he wll guarantee
time of the Domesday Book, and the you a positive cure. Address,
existing chancel is more than 800 Of Cod-Liver Oil with Hypo. J. MIWrTOM IATHAWAY, M. D.
Years old. Its pulpit is the one that pihphites. AlthoJug t-ht u a S.ta~r"et, n .
stood in Westminster Abby until l184. Wa iaer mrnolfTr rArin Rw r warrnlM.
The musical capabilities of a barrel
organ are limited, but the parishioners agOS y it stands lo to- iUC I0 6*i-*s VITALITY,
of Trottiscliff have a choice of sixty, daythe o great medy INERVITAM AND M OD
there being six barrels, each supplying for all affectieO of the trat res motec igt Emissis
ten tunes-most of them very old-fash- and lungL wasting I tens, all effects of se
loned. Mentbadtiise ao losbheas abuse, or excess and india
Taken away, the oil if hs been creation. Anervetonieand
In England, as is well known, the partly digeste ld, a t M. W blodd bulder. Brings the
resources of the mining engineer are dItvestomiach ob tob t ay. pink glow to pale cheeks and
often taxed to their utmost in the en- Not e hi t ca tak ad di~ t restores the fire of youth.
deavor to work coal and iron mines on the pl oil. Min ea of tea cat t By ma@iO 80per box; 6 boxes
a paying basis. The latest instance of take SCOTTS EMULSION and di- to wi a wrtd then garan
this is afforded at the Hodbarrow gest it. Tha's why ft e so
ialles in Cumberland, where it Is pro- Many cme of eary yion. NERVITA MEDICAL CO.
posed to build a large sea embankment, Even n advanced caus it Int m fa wJU OeA ., AO, NL
to keep the sea out of the workings of comfort andi reo pdlig M. Z For sale by W. A. Allen & Co. Irog-
the mines. Ten years ago a wall was SCO d.o lldgists, ts Deand. lPa.
scoT, ha,,o'd b Ngt~ v York.
built, costing more than $600,000, but s COT BO N Yo
the proposed work will go much rur-
ther out into the water, and will be
9,7.30 yards 3.8 miles In length, encloe-
ing a large tract of land, under which Nature has just one pigment on her TW Ii
the iron mines will be worked. The palette with which she produces all l C lJN Flfllri
ore here is a rich one, and well worth the marvelous tints of beauty and that
the enormous outlay of money requir- one pigment is the blood. The shell-
ed. as it has been proven to exist in like pink beneath the finger nails, the
vast quantities. The estimated cost of delicate rose of the cheek, the cherry -~a n l,
the new work is $2,500,000. ripeness of the lips, the irridescent ? A QUICK CURE .
brilliance of the eyes are all produced FOR COUGHS
Proposals are being entertained by by the blood. Just as the permanence and COLDS
the French military authorities for a "f a beautiful painting will depend up- el
new weapon, called the pistol saber, on the purity of colors with which it is
which, if adopted, will be put In use in painted, so the permanence of beauty | VU U f l
several calvary regiments. This is an depends upon the purity of the blood. Th Ca for al
ordinary saber provided with a small Paint, powder and cosmetics won't The anadan Remedy for
firearm lodged in the hilt On encoun- avail to preserve beauty. Beauty be- Thrt and LUR AffelotS.
tearing a resisting surface the blade re- gins in the blood. Dr. Pierce's Golden Larg Bottles, 25 cents
cedes and discharges the pistol, a re- Medical Discovery Is a true beautifier, I es5 ces.
coll of about a tenth of an inch being because it provides for nature that DAVIS LAPWe CI CO., LmaK ted
Prop' Pery Dvis' Pain-Killer.
sufficient for the purpose. The shot pure blood with which alone she can New York. Montreal.
will, it has been ascertained, penetrate paint. The use of this medicine will at a1. -i 11 -
a steel breastplate. It Is expected that cleanse the skin, heighten the complex-
the new weapon, which weighs only ion. brighten the eyes, and give to
one-third more than the ordinary sa- face and form that radiance of health
her, and which, of course, when the which is the greatest charm of beauty. P C I
pistol is not loaded, can be employed Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are very l
in the usual way, will prove very ser- effective in ridding the system of clog- IF YOU ARE WAITING
vicable, particularly in engagements going residuum, which accumulates to adabetler f ene thhae P y d betar
between bodies of calvary. with constipated habit. an dow, fomr a mn A rt u.
b erI PAE WOVEN WIAN Fill= 00,,AUA, 1M,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address all communleatloh o to he
editor, W. 0. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.
This is a rapid growing greenhouse
shrub; though as ordinarily seen in
Florida, it would be more likely to be
classed as an herbaceous perennial.
The stems are very soft and succulent
the first year, and as it is very tender,
the tops seldom live through the win-
ter. but the roots survive our coldest
weather. We have one which has
lived in the open ground for about a
dozen years. going through both
freezes with no injury beyond the
killing of the tops. The leaves are
broad, thick and glossy, and the plant
would be admired for its foliage were
it never to show a flower. But just
you consider that it is almost con-
stantly crowned with long spikes of
brilliant blossoms of a glowing in-
tense scarlet, of such a rich shade that
no other flower we know, except Lo-
belia Cardinalis, approaches it in ra-
diant brightness. This is not merely
a brief transient display. It lasts
week after week and month after
month. In fact,if not injured by frost
there is almost no time when flowers
may not be found upon it. This is the
only variety of Justicia that-we have
tested, but we have just received a
plant of J. Carnea, which is described
as more beautiful, if possible, than J.
Coccinea. The blossoms, however, are
pink instead of scarlet. These plants
once established in the ground need
very little care. They should be bank-
ed a little in the fall, because they
will start sooner after freezing down,
if not killed into the earth, but a.few
buds are saved at the base of each
stem. Such plants as the Justicias,
Cuphea eminens and many others are
much more desirable for busy people
than the annuals which require to be
planted every year.
Northern Grown Roses.
There have been more failures than
successes with the small rose plants
sent to Florida from northern green-
houses. There has been great dissatis-
faction on this account In fact,
many have become so disgusted that
they have given up the attempt to
have roses. Where expense is no hin-
drance, it is very much better to buy
large bushes, but as times are in Flor-
ida, very many more would buy roses
at a dollar per dosen, than at three
dollars per dosen. The article in this
paper by Mrs. Avery shows the reme-
dy for the difficulty. As it is too late
now to get bushes for planting in
November or December, it might be
well to try January or February plani-
Ing. Though the time is much short-
er, they would still have time to be-
come established before the spring
drouth, which does not usually begin
We would advise all who are think-
ing of buying roses in the spring to
send on their orders at once.
Fall Planting of Boses.
For several years I have practiced
the plan of planting Northern grown
roses in November and December.
and with very good success.
The roots have time to establish
themselves before the spring drouth,
which is so disastrous to newly plant-
ed things, especially those from a dif-
About the first of November I re-
ceived one of those dollar collections
from a florist in Springfield, Ohio.
There were 25 of them-nice little
bushes with good strong roots. I re-
moved the moss and placed them in
water over night. Next morning, I
took sharp scissors and clipped off
nearly every leaf before planting. I
put them in the garden close to the
fonee. firming the sol carefully around
the roots and leaving a slight depres-
sion to hold water. Before planting I
filled the holes with- water, allowing
it to soak in the ground. The soil is
rather poor sand, lightly manured
from the stable some months ago.
I did not fertilize any at the time of
planting. The weather was warm
and dry. After watering the roses
lightly. I shaded with newspapers for
one week. using one paper to a plant,
and making a cap for it, so it would
not touch the foliage. These little ro-
res are growing beautifully. I have
not lost one yet, and think I can save
every one. If it gets cold enough to
freeze. I shall put on the paper caps
again, putting dirt on the edge of pa-
per so the wind can't blow them off.
In February rr March I will give
them a light top dressing of stable ma-
iure. This will act as a mulch and
stimulate the roots, also protecting
them from the sun. If it's dry rl ey
must be watered twice a week. In
June and July they should have each
a quart of well composted cow ma-
nure. If soil is very sandy a small
quantity of clay will be an advantage.
I see our editor asks for ideas on
protection. I find a heavy mulch of
coarse stable litter very useful. You
will see the advantage of it in the in-
creased vigor of your roses next
spring. If even pine straw is usedl as
a mulch, the roots are well protected.
The idea of using paper lined boxes
and barrels is a fair one. A number
of them could be prepared at leisure.
Almost any plant will come through
all right if taken care of in this way.
Mrs. G. W. Avery.
For the Floral Department.
Vines in Florida.
Who does not love vines with their
wonderfully ambitious, yet protecting
growth, that clamber over wall, trellis.
piazza and arbor, wearing a screen of
richest emerald to shut out the blind-
ing glare of noonday and fervid rays
of the afternoon sun?
A feeble folk at first; they soon be-
gin to mount up in the air and sun-
light like the aspirations of genius or
the beautiful hopes that make the
springtime of life "a thing of beauty."
They form a large portion of veget-
able life, in most climates and are es-
pecially plentiful and luxurious in
warm. moist atmospheres.
Florida has a magnificent supply of
native vines: some of which are very
beautiful. Before thealands along her
wreathed with yellow jessamine vines T
whose countless yellow bells covered
it completely. Over all this the sil-
ver gray Spanish mass hung its veil.
softening the rich hues of green and
gold. and making them more pleasing all fruits.
to the eye. As the soft winds of Jan-
uary stirred these fragrant flowers can be
their breath was wafted many rods
awhly. Whocver hea seen this glorious Potash.
show, as well as that of the moonflow-
er on every lake and river side in Flor- Fertilize
ida. may well congratulate himself as
fortunate. 8 to 10%
There are many less conspicious na-
tive vines, all of which contribute an best result
important Dart toward beautifying
"The Land of Flowers." for our par
ASH gives coor,
vr and firmness to
No good fruit
rs containing at least
of Potash will give
s on all fruits. Write
nphlets, which ought
Exotic vines abound, many of them
very handsome. During a normal to be in every farmer's library.
Florida winter, these can be often
-een with green foliage during mid- They are sent free.
winter. There are rare and beautiful
vaiietios grow there, seen nowhere GERMAN KALI WORKS,
els' outside greenhouses and tropical M Naes St., Noa Ysk.
c int!:l ,. .t..
'People of tie northern portions of Eurea H Ol
,1!I Eureka Harnes Oil is the best
lh' ( united States know that one must preservative of new leather
sow see',ds in just the right seasons if leather. Itoisaotoen., blak.
hI urtt ed.ti with the plants. In Flor. en and proteed Use
ida; o- ia;Wy sow. with a good hope,
of sucvil'es nearly every month In the u
yea:',. le will also find that some
annu: l \illn become perennials here. H arnes oil
Among tieml the maurandya and on your b1et hbest m nr oli he
new and your carriagetop. oaw tisy
thumliergia. which increase in size will not only look bet. bt we
and beauty every year unless there lnger. s o a t nSo aOfe
comes one of those infrequent freezes. y NABOU GIL Me
T''li main trouble is to get the seedling '
started. It is best to sow seeds in
boxes of well prepared soil and cover TRUSSES, 65C $1.2 AND UP
with sash and add a sack or other pro-
tection from the noonday sun. Water
carefully so as not to disturb the B"
-el-s. Never let them dry out. w.earS- ihe nm Name .m
Transplant when strong enough to e FAcropr PRI lo=c o= trd
bear it. Shade until they get a start, % TeIit eu ourL, 1m W
Tuae-tler ylwlnrelia M oras liltriatd aoveL cu sthis
and water when needed. If this plan a. out and send wi. Smu
"&So your Niet, Wo'b.t Aoa how Iong you eas bo e
is followed one will usually succeed ruptured whe rupture il naron~smsi; lOsb
ith any kind of plant-especally number nhe found the ody on a with t
ith any kind of plant especially uptre, s whether ru re is on right or left side
ines. nd we wll sd either tru to yoa with the tun-.
vinies. standing. IF It ue t SO A PM t" l ow1 Is tris ti "
\rs..ennie S. Perkins. ir a st tuhmetimes ow pieeyou rnfrt- It ad weO
nne Perkins. return your money. shows
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATAL6OSU sh,; l
;.. o,.m including the NI.w $1.00 Lef tis *U s
Solanum Wendlandii. il'.t -- ms y a. ,, M "s :_ f
A strong and somewhat prickly vine. j 8EA', ROEBUCK A 0.
hearing leaves very like those of the! copy it:
wild bittersweet S. dulcamara, but in-i "As a summer climber, this plant ti
-tead of the dull colored and downy simply glorious. It is doubtful if any
foliage of this species, both leaves other plant will cover so much space
and stem are of the deepest, shiniest in so short a time while from June un-
green. The flowers are bourne on a til its growth is checked by frost, the
branching panicle like the oitter-
sweet's. only much larger,-the cata-
logue promises clusters two feet
through: the plant set in open ground
last spring and exposed to the extemene
drou;lht didn't come up to, this mark,
its flower clusters not being more than
a foot across, but no doubt an old
well grown plant would easily do it.
The polished buds are oval in form,
the flowers botanically the same as
those of the congeneric potato (sola-
numn tubersuin). are blue or violet,
lakes and rivers were cleared for cul- growing somewhat lighter with age.
tivation, the moonflower rioted over They are about an inch and a half
the rank vegetation and climbed the across, and of great substance and
forest trees, forming fantastic shapes last a long time in bloom. The plant
of towers, domes, and spires that beg- will not endure the winter in open
gared description and defied the art of ground in the north, but is said to be
man to emulate. not very tender, and a most excellent
On higher grounds the hammocks, plant for the greenhouse and window
with their aftiuence of live oaks. mag- 'arden.
nolins. palms and other growth had a We clipped the above from Vick's
wealth of vines never seen in colder MIaga;ine, because the Solanums near-
climates. Often the undergrowth was ly all thrive in Florida, and it seems
covered witli them. and we have seen probalbly that it would be desirable for
a yellow jit-saunine to each young oak planting out of doors in this state. On
bush whichh were without number, looking in the e talogues we find a de-
while the broad spreading crowns of scription of it in that of the Jessamine
ancient live oaks were completely Gardens that is so interesting that we
profusion of its flowers are produced
in immense cymes at the end of pen-
dulous branches. These cymes of
heads of bloom are from eight inches
to a foot in diameter, containing from
25 to 40 open flowers, but as buds keep
opening in succession each head lasts
perfect for at least a month and often
much longer. Each individual flower
is from one and a half to two inches
in diameter and lasts several days.
When first opening the color is dark
blue, but this changes to a light lilat
in the center with a larkerr edge and
gives flowers of various shades at the
same time. The hotter the Aituation
given it the more glorious the display
it will make. It should be treated as
a summer grower only, being decidu-
ous and going dormant in winter it
may be cut down in fall and only the
root lifted and wintered. In the lower
South the roots are hardy if mulched
with trash of some kind."
The latter part of this evidently re-
fers to other Southern states than
Florida. Here it would simply need
banking with earth a few inches up
the stem and a little extra over the
1_ i .
24 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the postoffce at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E. 0. Painter. John McKinney.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, single subscription............$ 2.00
Six months, single subscription........ 1.00
Single copy .................... ....... 05
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relatin to any topi within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.
We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 10, 1900.
Agricultural Possibilities of Puerto
Mr. 0. F. Cook, special agent in
charge of the section of seed and plant
introduction, of the division of Bo-
tany, United States Department of
Agriculture, has returned from Puerto
Rico and has made a preliminary re-
port to the secretary. Notwithstand-
ing the numerous books and maga-
zine articles which have been pub-
lished, there is still very little definite
information available concerning the
-agricultural conditions and economic
plants of that island. Secretary Wil-
son's particular object in the present
instance was to ascertain what spe-
cies and varieties are now to be found
there in order that the Department
might be able to enter upon the work
of securing others likely to be of use
in improving and extending the agri-
At present very little in the way of
plant products is exported from Puer-
to Rico outside of coffee, sugar, and
tobacco. All other crops are designat-
ed "menores," that Is, "minors," and
these being considered unworthy of
tthe serious attention of the planters.
their cultivation is generally left to
- the desultory efforts of the poorest
and most ignorant of the population.
As a result there has been little at-
tempt t -the improvement of varieties
either by selection or by the introduc-
tion of superior seed. Much of the,
fruit and vegetables sold in the mar-
kets of the Puerto Rican cities is verk
inferior quality and quite unsuitable
for export. The Department will as-
list the more enterprising farmers,
both American and Puerto Ricans, in
Sexpeintents. which many of them
have already undertaken, in order to
find out what new crops suitable fo'_
our markets can be grown there.
As already pointed out in Secretary
Wilson's annual report, we are paying,
over $200,000,000 for tropical plaut
products, a large part of which could
be furnished by Puerto Rico and 1 he
Philippines. Instead, however, of en-
tering upon too many suggestions
at once, it is desirable to qettle jpon a
few of the more promising crops and
encourage the production of rhosl ar-
ticles on a scale sufficient to give
them a recognized place in commerce.
For bananas, for instance, we paid in
1898 over $5,500.000, mostly to Jamaica
and Central America. In Porto Rico
the banana has scarcely been consider-
ed as a source of income or an article
of export. It was planted principal-
ly for shade in the coffee plantations,
and as one variety was as good as an-
other for this purpose, most of the ba-
nanas are unsalable. The variety al-
most exclusively imported into the
United States is not generally culti-
vated. As the conditions for commer-
cial banana growing are very favor-
able, it may be expected that attempts
in this direction will soon be made. It
is necessary, however that at least five
hundred acres be put under thorough
cultivation, for the product of less
land-can hardly be marketed to advan-
tage. Unless a company with ample
capital will undertake the experiment.
it can be made only through an organ-
ized effort by the land owners of some
The soil and climatic conditions are
exceedingly diverse, so that it is prob-
able that a wide range of products
can be secured, at least for local con-
sumption. Oranges, limes and other
citrus fruits. European grapes, and
other semitropical fruits and veget-
ables can be produced In the drier
parts of the island. while from the
moister parts vanilla, cacao. mangoes.
and other more strictly tropical plants
can be exported. There are no local-
ities sufficiently hot and humid for
tue ruoer-producing plants of the
Amazon valley and those of similar
habitat, while the land is mostly too
valuable to warrant its extensive use
for others which might thrive. The
potential wealth of the island may.
however, be greatly increased if rub-
ber trees can be found which can be
used for shade or planted on the rocky
pinnacles of the foot hills, which are
now covered with tangled masses of
vegetation. Some of the African rub-
ber vines may be able to thrive in the
Letter situations. As shade trees
some supposedly native rubber-bear-
ing species of Ficus have already been
planted, but the amount of gum ob-
tainable is too small to render a profit
In the meantime it is of great im-
portance that the existing industries
of Puerto Rico be improved. Sugar
lands are receiving attention from
American capitalists, and large fac-
tories with the most modeca facilities
are being built. Coffee has, however,
.been the chief-prod'lct of the island,
adl is, -perhaps,_ that lu which the
greatest expansion is possible. Over
$13,000,000 worth of coffee has been
exported in a single season from Puer-
to Rico in spite of the fact that meth-
eds of cultivation are of the most
primitive character. Instead of seed-
lings grown in nurseries, those which
spring up by chance in the heavily
shaded plantations are used. fhcse"
are already weak and spindling; in
order to keep them alive heavy shade
is necessary, and this is continued
throughout the life of the plant.
This, together with tie ov,-rcrowding
and lack cf poL.lper ,*.i.,. iti'ili-I lhi.
average crop down to one-thirl -,r less
of what might be obtained through
better methods of cultivation. I'hero
is also a large amount of land snu':tble 1
for coffee culture but not now plant-
ed. so that it is not unreasonable to
believe that if this industry were
properly developed Puerto Rico might
supply at least half of the enormous
quantity consumed by the United
States, our imports in lo being val-
ued at over $65,000,000.
There are. however, few Americans
interested in coffee growing, and the
capitalists who have canvassed Puer-
to Rico for profitable investments
have ueen giving little attention to the
possibilities of coffee, doubtless ow-
ing to the depressed condition of the
market, the result of an over produc-
tion of inferior grades in Brazil and
elsewhere. The superior quality of
the Puerto Rican articles has, howev-
er, long been recognized in the Euro-
pean market, and there is every prob-
ability that an increasingly large
amount will be required in the United
States. The stock now on hand is be-
ing held at high prices, owing to the
fact that the visible supply is very
small, a result of the August hurri-
cane. Higher prices in the general
market are to be expected, and, while
it is improbable that coffee growing
under the old methods will ever be as
profitable as formerly, the natural
conditions are favorable for the per-
petuation and extension of the indus-
try on modern lines.
The fact that Puerto Rico contains
no large unoccupied areas had led
some observers to represent the entire
island as thickly populated. In
reality this is by no means the case,
and while a large part of the avail-
able land has been at some time under
cultivation, there are many districts
in which not more than 10 per cent.
of it is now in use, except for stock
raising, which may properly be called
the most popular agricultural industry
at the present time.
For men without capital or experi-
ence in the industries of tropical coun-
tries, there are no openings in ruerto
Rico. but with the improvement of
means of transportation there will be
much to encourage the settlement ot
farmers of sufficient enterprise and in-
telligence to carry on diversified farm-
ing and profit by the advantageous
Puerto Rico is unique among the
West Indies, or, indeed, among tropi-
cal countries generally, in the posses-
sion of a large white population cap-
able at once of furnishing labor for
carrying out local improvements and
of taking part in the progress of ad-
vancing civilization. The explanation
is to be found in the delightful and sa-
luorious climate, where the European
can live work and thrive. A more ad-
vantageous point of contract with the
tropics could scarcely have been se-
Growing Cantaloupes for markett.
I have been very much interested in
the different articles appearing in your
paper for the past few weeks on the
growing of cantaloupes, and as I have
had some experience and success in
the business, I will try to shed a little
light on the subject for the benefit of
Mr. Scott and others who are now,
they think, in the dark.
A well-drained sandy soil, with clay
subsoil, is the best, not white sand,
nor black hammock, but a loamy,
chocolate colored soil, is preferred.
Land that is best for cabbage, pota-
toes, etc., Is not suitable for canta-
loupes. You can grow them to perfec-
tion in size and appearance, but they
will be devoid of that rich, aromatic
flavor so much desired in a canta-
Break your land deep, with a turn-
plow, use a chain to drag down all
weeds and grass; the more weeds and
grass you turn under, the more can-
taloupes you will have to harvest.
The breaking of the land should be
done at once (ours is already done), so
the weeds and grass will be well rot-
ted by the time you want to make your
rows. These should be made by open-
ing a furrow with a broad, short plow,
running twice in a row. If your land
is rolling, and will carry off any excess
of water after heavy rains, you can
throw four furrows together with the
same plow; if very level or fiat, you
had better'use a turn plow to elevate
beds a little, which can be run over
with a light harrow or board to flatten
a little. These rows should be six
feet wide. A very good way is to bed
your land into six-foot beds in the fall
and reverse the beds just before plant-
Open the beds with a scooter plow
and scatter the fertilizer in the row
from one end to the other. Mix well
by running back with plow or chain;
or you can attach a piece of wood 2
by 4 inches and 2 feet long, behind
your harrow, crosswise; this Win fill
up the furrows and leave the bed
smooth and level.
Plant your seed now, two and a half
or three feet apart; plant with your
foot by making small hole; covering
about one inch, pressing the sod down.
Be sure to get the seed in fresh soil,
then firm it by stepping on them, and
if your seed is good, you will get a
good stand. The object in planting in
rows 6 by 2y, or 3 feet, is to get your
bed covered with vines, to shade the
roots from the hot sun, and give plen-
ty of room to cultivate and gather the
fruit without stepping on the vines.
Any good vegetable fertilizer with not
less than 6 to 8 per cent. potash, 00
Put it all on at oncebgkq jsbf,pylthi
to 1,000 per acre will be sufficient.
Put it all on at once, or you can use
half at planting time and the other
just as the vine begins to run. Cul-
tivate by running around with a
five-tooth cultivator or harrow,
keeping ahead of the vines, witlchl
should never be turned, using
hoes to keep grass and weeds down
around the plants. When all danger
of cold is over, thin out to one
plant to the hill.
If you grow watermelons to ship in
car lots, and want to put in a few hun-
dred cantaloupes in each car (as some
growers do) the New Orleans Market
is without doubt the melon you want,
It is a large, oval. roughly netted cit-
ron, and when grown to perfection is
a perfect gem, standing shipping well,
but too large for shipping in barrels
or crates. For shipping in crates, the
now famous Rockyford is without
doubt the finest variety in existence,
just the right size, very prolific, very
early, as sweet as lioney, and never
breaking down in shipping. Hundreds
of carloads are shipped to all the large
cities, where they drive out all other
Mr. Frizby recommends the planting
of home-grown seed. I agree wihl him
that It takes a Southern sun and ell-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
mate to bring the melon family to per-
fection, especially the watermelon;
but to continue from year to year will
not do with the cantaloupe. They are
later and grow larger when grown
from home grown-seed. I don't think
one -eason would make much differ-
ence: but the grower in Florida wants
to get his melons in the market just
as soon as possible. A few days often
makes a difference between profit and
This should be carefully done. Re-
ject all ill-shaped or impet lti'- melons:
it is well to make three grades as to
size. The Standard al Loeytford crate
holds just torty-flve melons, and they
should be graded so that number will
fill a crate. All larger than this num-
ber should be packed separate; also
the smaller ones, and it is best to ship
the different sizes to other markets.
A good big handful of moss or straw
will keep off an ordinary 'rosr. If it
rains, however, and turns cold, the
plant will hardly pull through if the
moss or straw stays on it too long.
The best plan is to have plenty of seed
and make about three ll:altinglt a
week apart.-John A. Moore in Farm-
er and Fruit Grower.
Agriculture in the Schools.
One of the wrong impressions that
seems to be very prevalent among the
masses is that we want to teach the
practical part of agriculture, that is, to
teach the pupils how to plow and sow
and reap. We say this is a wrong im-
pression. We do not advocate this any
more than we advocate the practical
application of mathematics, longitude
and time, the speaking of Latin,
French or Greek. In the primary and
graded schools principles and theories
alone are taught, and it remains for
the pupil when he leaves the school to
learn the practical part of the business
side of life.
No one will doubt for a moment the
usefulness of the principles and theo-
ries taught in the common branches.
No boy would be considered compe-
tent to engage in any or the occupa-
tions of life without a good common
school education, and nearly all par-
ents strive to give their children the
advantage of a good high school ed-
ucation. In these high schools two and
four years are devoted to the study
of Latin and German, yet in the or-
dinary avocations of life these lan-
guages are of no praCtu1l use to the
Not long since we asked the superin-
tendent of our schools why so much
time is given to these two studies,
when they would probably never be
used by more than 2 per cent of the pu-
pils. His reply was: "These studies
help to develop the mind." We then
asked him whether the study of the
science of agriculture :would not also
develop the mind. His reply was,
"Yes sir; but we are not ready to
teach It." And, said he, "We are not
so crowded now In the curriculum
that it would be impossible to take up
This is the stereotyped objection
we have heard it from the sce
superintendents, principles of sch
and school teachers all over our St
Suppose we grant that this is t
What Is there to hinder the auth
ties from changing the curriculum-
prescribed course of study? TI
courses are not fixed, they can
Osceola Byrup-Mr. John JF. Gor
D. HOBB & CO., Agents, Tampa,
E. D. HOBBS & CO., Agents, Tampa,]
caame up recently from the large su-
gar cane farm of Mr. S. R. Kirkwood
down in Osceola county. and brought
with hlim a gererous sample of the syr-
up they are turning out, of which this
oltice was the happy recipient. It was
made by the Sanford New Process
Steam Evaporator, and was as fine as
any we have ever seen. Being boiled
down to thirty-six degrees, it was
very thick and heavy, resembling hon-
ey. Mr. Gordon estimates their out-
put of sirup for the season at seventy-
five to eighty barrels, which will be
put up in barrels, one, two and five
gallon tins, and in quart bottles. It
will be placed on sale and we predict
a ready demand for their whole out-
put, even in this vicinity.-Orlando
WANTED IN every town a local
representative, Lady or Gentleman.
Elnay work, good pay. No capital re-
quired. Payment every week. Ad-
dress for particulars. C. L. Marechsl
Art Co.. 348 Elm St., Dallas. Texas.
As the Florida Representative of the large
International Publishing Co., of Philadelphia
and Chicago I am prepared to offer extra in-
ducements to LADIES x GENTLEMEN to
work for them both by offering iarse com-
missions and PREMIUMS also both to the
agent and the purchaser of books.
Isaac Morgan, State Agent,
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cats-
1Igue and price list free.
rtf E. W. Amaden, Ormond, Fla.
at a *
SVIrEI4nT PRE .'Ai ON TRiEBN,
Strictly high-class sto ck. Warranted true to name. Free from
- all injurious insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care In
+ 300 VARIETIE8. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches, Pears,
* Plums. Kaki, Nuts, Grapes, Figs, Mulberries, &c. Also Roses
4 and Ornamentals.
* 17 YEARS established. Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Free.
Estimates furnished. No Agents.
4 i.. L. Trber, Prop (LEN sr. IMAY N1OUsMBIES,
Geir 8 Mary, Vlorida 4
FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGOHBsT qUALITY. LOWBET rPICBs.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums,
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans. Grapes, Or-
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-
THE GRIFFIN BROS. CO.. '^" WVrKA.
City office and Grounds. 1149 Main St.
Farmers' Attention !
VILLA L&.' & URS RIES. WJIJW
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.arden Plows Acme arrows
Offers for July planting 25 varieties of 2 and
ofr d^ t aopes ndAvery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low s
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
24tf GEORGIA STOCKS.
\VANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed 8PR
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla. and everything in Grov
WANTED:-to exchange a Flour Mill Poultry Netting
near Toledo, Ohio, for real estate prop- CHAR
erty in Florida. Capacity of mill about CARR I RA PAINT, II
50 bbls. per day. Parties having prop- i
crty to offer will please address their WRI
letters to "Flour Mill" Care Agricultur- IO H FER
1st. DeLand, F P. 4. tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., \\holesalers oi
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants. | T TOHlfPR
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. i JOS B i ii
.... e..... .:. ......__...... _A CAD W .
e and Farm Implements and Supplies
,.i'. tIan Columbia Bicycles
TER OAK STOVES,
RON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMPS
ITE FOR PRICES.
4ALD, Sanford, Florida.
'Fruits and Flowers
I rape ..rut,. FOR SOUTHERNan r
S ange trees. 20 selected varieties, extra S OR SOUTH
ools large two-years' and first-class one-year. SISTERS OF ST JOSEPHO
ate. buds at the Winter Haven Nurseries.
rue. 1x6 ORLANDO, FLA.PLANTING
rue. trees This Institution for young ladies is situat-
ori- l;H CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts ed in one of the healthiest sections of this The Summit Nmreies mak a specialty o
-the Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary State. SAT A AD OT OAN
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 43tf The system of education pursued is design- SATSUMA AND OTER RAN;E" (
ese ed to develop the mental, the moral, and the TRIFOLIATA STOCS.
be FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand i physical powers of the pupils to mak* of ('riftsd Po o Ir-tGr es ar d a lm
be Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271. then, useful women of refined tastes and cul- line o oaU IraeI i bbery. ,t.
Orlando. Fla.. 49tf tivated manners. f l PM a
Prig" Low; yrwlg PdL
SALT SICK. Cured for one dJllar or money For Terms Addres L leSON, Proi
don refunded. W. H. Mann, Manvile, la. The I othWf SOpui r. moh Mw IVP. F
- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Addms *sI emuatimuo to Household
oDeprt g. Ariatft ai. OeLat Frl
Bilver Wal t Chains.
Among the latest fads in the line of
Ielts is that of a silver chain which
may be made of various materials.
One girl used twenty-five cent pieces
which we polished on one side and
bore the names of her direct ancestors.
Anyone who has a collection of silver
coins from a foreign country
may become the possessor of an
attractive belt, while another girl is
reported to have used a collection of
large clasps which appeared on Bibles
in Holland. She had these rivited to-
gether with the result that her belt
was the envy of all her friends. Any
conceivable silver decoration which
can be thus utilized will be hailed
tablespoonful of flour. When blended
pour upon a half pint of tomato juice
(strained), and stir until smooth and
thick. Season with teaspoonful of on-
ion juice, half a teaspoonful of sugar
and salt and pepper.
Curry Sauce-Make a drawn butter
sauce, mixing a teaspoonful of curry-
powder with the brown flour, and just
before taking the sauce from the range
add a teaspoonful of onion-juice.
Mint Sauce-Chop a dozen sprays of
mint "exceedingly small" and mix
with them two tablespoonfuls of gran-
ulated sugar. Pour five tablespoon-
ful* of vinegar upon the mint and su-
gar. stirring until the latter is dissolv-
ed. Add a dash of pepper and the
si uce is ready.
Celery Suce--Make a white sauce
and stir into it a dozen stalks of stew-
ed and minced celery. Cook for a
minute, then season with celery salt
and pepper. Marion Harland.
Hints to Housekeepers.
Sauces for Xeat and Fish. Broiled dried beef will pleasantly i
The American housekeeper is daily lieve the monotony of breakfast baco
learning to appreciate the value of It may be served with or with
a savory sauce as an accompaniment poached eggs.
to fish, flesh, fowl, rechauffe and ra- The fat from broth or soup can I
gout. Until lately our national cook- easily removed without waiting for
ery has lacked this piquante feature to become cold by repeatedly drawl]
which the Frenchman considers an es- butchers' paper across the top.
sential to good fare. We only find All cut roasts of meat should be la
that the making of a good sauce may on the rack skin side downward, th
be accomplished by someone besides a the lean side may be quickly sear
French chef, and our housewife may over to prevent the escape of i
lose her fear of attempting the task. juices.
SAs a cream or a brown sauce forms If kerosene is rubbed with a flann
the basis of many more elaborate pre- cloth on steel knives that have becon
parations It would do well first of all rusty, and they are put aside for a da
to understand the compounding of or two, the rust will be loosened an
these, they may be very easily cleaned.
Cream Sauce--Cook together a table- Oysters for frying should be washe
spoonful of butter and one of flour un- in cold water, drained on a soft clot
til they are thoroughly blended. Pour and rolled in fine seasoned brea
upon them slowly a cup of sweet milk crumbs, let lie fifteen minutes and fr
and cook, stirring all the time, until in a wire basket -in deep, smoking ho
smooth and thick like cream. Sea- fat.
son. remove from the fire, and serve. The rank flavor so generally dislike
Drawn Butter Sauce-Cook together in mutton is decidedly less if the cat
spoonful of butter and the same quan- and pink skin-like substance that i
tity of browned flour, and when they about it is cut away. Then moiste
Are blended anu darkened in color, tile surface, rub thoroughly with flou
add a cup of beefstock and stir to a and bread crumbs and roast.
thick brown sauce. Season with salt. A pot roast of beef is more perfect,
and a teaspoonful of kitchen bouquet, browned before than after boiling
and serve. Rub the damp roast with sifted breai
Brown Butter Sauce-Cook together -crumbs; fry to a rich brown on.ever,
a tablespoonful each of butter and side in the kettle to which it is to boll
flour, and when they bubble pour up- then cover with boiling water and simt
on them a cup of boiling water. When mer gently- closely covered until ten
smooth, add a few drops of onion- der.
J~qce and salt -and pepper to taste. lTh flavor as well as the digestibilit
Skvory Sauce.-Make a drawn but- of the boiled or fried ham or bacon i
ter sauce according to the foregoing. re- improved if it is laid on warm butch
cipe. Beat an egg light and pour the ei s' paper and placed in the oven t<
sauce slowly upon it. stirring con- drain the minute it is sufficiently cook
stantly, and cook over the fire for a edl; serve on a hot platter, with a few
minute. Remove from the range and drops of lemon juice squeezed over th(
beat into the mixture a little chopped top.
*parsley, a teaspoonful of capers, a A pretty brown ware with a high
pickled onion and two saltspoonfuls of glaze is now to Ib found at most of
French mustard. Serve immediately. the house-furnishing shops and depart-
This i-an excellen~Lfishsauce. .' ments._ Little individual baking dishes
Hollandaise Sauce.-Make a drawn with handles are especially attractive,
n-butter samce, add an egg as in the pre- and the morning egg served in one of
ceding recipe, then, drop by drop, beat them takes oau quite a fashionable air.
in a teaspoonful of salad oil and the There are also oval Covered dishes for
juice bt halt 'aal4mon. i8ehabn with baked beans and various escallops.
salt and pepper. Little pitcher, oatmeal bowls and
Maitre D'Hotel Sauce-tieat a gen- chaling dishes, too. are to ibe had. The
erpus half-cup of butter to a light ware is extremely durable as well as
cream with two teaspoonfuls of lemon artistic.
juice. When like thick cream add Baked peaches were recently served
salt. white pepper and a heaping teas- "and proved a rather unusual dish. Tihe
pooiful of flielmi-need parsley. peaches were peeled and baked il a.
Tomato &S-ace-Cook together a ta- pan las apples are. A little sugar and
bleqpooafnl-of butter and a heaping waterwith a smaU piece of butter was
added. making a syrup that was used
to baste them with. They were cooked
tender and served cold. with syrup
jellied around them. Whipped cream
was sent around with the dish, the
value of which rests in the fact that
fruit which is not ripe enough to be
offered in its natural state may be
used in this way.-Ex.
A Dainty Way of Cooking Onions.
Closely related to the onion are gar-
li., leeks. shalots and chives. All be-
ing green vegetables and growing
above ground they must be cooked in
boiling salt water, says the Farm.
Field and Fireside. Even strong on-
ions may be made perfectly insipid by
being boiled in unsalted water. In
fact. they may become tasteless, and
all the aftersalting cannot produce the
distinctive saline taste and peculiar
aroma which they possess when boiled
in salted water. One of the daintiest
ways of cooking full-grown onions is
to bake them. Take off the outside
dry skin and throw each one into cold
water as fast as peeled. Put them
into boiling salted water and simmer
gently for twenty minutes. Drain.
arrange them neatly in a baking-dish,
sprinkle over them a teaspoonful of
salt. dash of pepper; cover with fresh
boiling water and bake for an hour.
When the onions are tender lift
them carefully onto a hot dish. Put
tablespoon full of butter and one of
flour into a saucepan, and add the wa-
ter from the baking-pan in which the
onions were cooked. This should meas-
ure a half pint; if it does, not add suf-
flcient milk to make up the quantity.
Stir the sauce until it boils; take it
from the fire and add the yolks of two
eggs that have been beaten. with four
t;tldesloonfuls of cream. Pour this
sauce over the onions and serve. e
Leeks, when carefully cooked, make e
Sdainty vegetable. Cover them with a
)oiling water, add a teaspoonful of I
salt, boil slowly thirty minutes, drain; s
Arrange on toast and cover with a t
auce made as for cucumbers, or they
nay be simply boiled, cooled and serv- I
*d with French dressing. When small 1
luantities of vegetables are left over
uit them aside for next morning's
mielet. or for a scallop for luncheon, t
JUST IN TIME. i
"Hello. Is that Mr. Highmus' resi-
"Is that you, Fanny?" t
"Are you alone?" d
"So am I. Every body else at the
office has gone. I want to talk to you p
"'Sh. Don't you know the gial at el
le central office is listening?" b
"Darkness. I was going to say, may e;
me on before I get around this even- g
ig. It's a nice day, isn't it? Well. g
CHOICE OF EVILS. T
"Mrs. Smith. you don't seem to
ind your two boys quarreling."
"No. when they are quarreling. I a
low they are too busy to Latch up "*r
ischief.-Chicago Record. of
W'ickwire-I wish some philos- hi:
pher would explain how water th
Irinks woolens. tr
Lushforth-I'd rather have an ge
planationn of how alcohol will tu
rink a man's hat.-Indianapolis Pe
Women as Well as Men
Are Made Miserable by
Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, dis-
courages and lessens ambition; beauty, vigor
y^,i and cheerfulness soon
disappear when the kid-
neys are out of order
Kidney trouble has
become so prevalent
That it is not uncommon
for a child to be born
Afflicted with weak kid-
neys. If the child urin-
ates too often, if the
urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
reaches an age when it should be able to
control the passage, It is yet afflicted with
bed-wetting, depend upon it, the cause of
the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
step should be towards the treatment of
these important organs. This unpleasant
trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
most people suppose.
Women as well as men are made mis-
erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
and both need the same great remedy.
The mild and the immediate effect of
Swamp-Root is soon realized. It is sold
by druggist, n fifty-
cent and one dollar
sizes. You may have a
sample bottle by mad
free, also pamphlet tell- Bor ee wanraoet
ing all about it, including many of the
thousands of testimonial letters received
from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y., be sure and
mentio this paper.
PE NYROYAL PILLS
r O-IOrlshnd a"Oly leiul A
oS*Fc. &I-y reliabe. .DEme
0 oggin hr CAU .,.s gt..
_nd 2_1mdin Red and = mOtl i
S.- -.1h with bC;e ribbon. Take
awI rotiiuBdlml sbir. ArDstn
on,, e A~tDr~aIggii.,m41
I H f it st.s for prtleular. testimwdoh lA
\.5s 19 B in,".r, by
Kl .0 ncM DrugisstL PHILADA.,
W'ANTED--Several bright and hon-
!st persons to represent us as manag-
ers of this and close by counties. Sal-
>ry $900 a year and expenses. Straight
ona-fide, no more, no less salary. Po-
ition permanent. Our references, any
nank in any town. It is mainly office
vork conducted at home. Reference.
Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
ope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.
"I understand that you were in
hat elevator which fell ten stories
he other day. How did you feel as
t was going down?"
"Just.as I feel when I get within
eight of my home at night ten min-
Ites late and suddenly remember
hat my wife wanted me to hustle
ut early as she had arranged for a
inner party."-Chicago News.
They met at the -cross roads and
pulled up their teams for a talk.
"Well, Josh," said the first farm-
r as he took a whisp of straw from
between his teeth, "I hear some
astern chaps have been diggin' fer
old on your place. What do you
it out of it?"
"I git," said the second farmer,
a darn good well." -Wall Street
Throat sore? There's no telling what .
sore throat will do if you give it
eight of way." Uncertain remedies
ten cause dangerous delay. Make a
re sure with Pain-Killer, known for
If a century as a specific for sore
roat. croup, coughs, and all kindred
oulles. Keep it by you for an emer-
lacy. It never fails. Avoid substi-
tes, there is but one Pain-Killer,
rry Davis.' Price 25c. and 50c.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Addreu all cok municatioan to Poultry D.-
oartment. Box oo. DeLand. Fla.
The Best Fowl for the Farmer.
I have been asked many times which
is the "best" fowl for the farmer.
And, as this is an important question,
I give my views for the benefit of the
readers of the Pacific Poultryman.
Having kept nearly all the breeds of
fowls now bred in this country, at var-
ious times, I unhesitatingly say there
is really no "best" fowl for the farmer.
All of our pure breeds are good fowls,
depending upon what they are kept
for-whether for pleasure or for prof-
Now there are but two sources of
profit to the farmer from fowls.
He keeps them for eggs, or
for market fowls entirely. He
must do one or two of these things.
He must either make eggs a
specialty, or broilers and roasters a
specialty, if success be tannedd and
any profit be realized. Some may
want to keep fowls for ioth eggs andl
meat, but there is not near as much
profit (this depends on the market,
however), as there is in keeping, fowls
for a special purpose.
For eggs, I would choose the Anda-
luslans first, then the Minorcans, then
the Leghorns, Hamburgs, Polish or
Houdans. I name the Audalusians
first, because they are almost perpet-
ual layers of large, snowy white eggs,
and because the young birds make
most delicious broilers of any of the
non-sitters. In fact, I do not believe
there is any fowl that will make bet-
ter broilers or fryers than young,
well fed Andalusians. That is my ex-
perience with this breed. 'iey are
easy of restraint, are hardy and vigor-
ous, the young feather quickly and
grow to mature size. They are a
beautiful fowl, worthy of a place on
the farm. The other breeds mention-
ed are all good egg-producers, are well
known and will not disappoint you.
For meat-for broilers, roasters and
fryers-there are three breeds entitled
to the consideration of the farmer as
being the best for these purposes,
namely: The White Wyandotte, the
Plymouth Rock and the Black Lang-
I am well aware of the fact that the
Plymouth Rock is a deservedly popu-
lar fowl, and that it is a good market
fowl, alive or dressed. But it does not
show the plumpness and solidity of
flesh that the White Wyandotte does.
In fact all of the Wyandottes dress up
nicely for the market, but I prefer the
white on account of the pin feathers
not showing, so that it has a remark-
ably clean, attractive appearance. My
experience has been that the Wyan-
dottes were good layers, good mothers
and the "best" amrket fowl, if fed
properly and dressed rightly.
If the farmer wants a fowl both for
eggs and for meat-for broilers and
for fryers-a fowl that will lay all
through the winter and a great portion
of the year, a fowl which lays reason-
ably large eggs and plenty of them, a
fowl which, when fully grown, will
make a rooster nearly as large and
just as good as a turkey, then I can
recommend the Black Langshang as
beine" such a fowL I have bred Lang-
shans for years, and have found them
the best all-round chicken I have ever
raised. Pullets of this breed often lay
at five months old. The chics feath-
er quickly, and soon attain broiler
size. A four-foot fence will keep them
in, but given free range they will do
better, as they are the most active of
all the large breeds and the best for-
To sum up: My advice is, for an all-
round fowl, where eggs and market
poultry are wanted in one fowl, the
Langshans are the best for the farm-
Where broilers and roasters especial-
ly are wanted, where fowls are desir-
ed for market poultry alone, without
any reference to eggs, the White Wy-
andotte will fill the bill and give a fair
supply of eggs besides.
For eggs especially, the Blue Anda-
lusian would be my choice, but then
leghorns. Minocras and Hanl.hur-.
are all great layers. :anl with proper
care and attention will produ -e tw own-
derful amount of eggs per yo:r.'.
Now I tell you what "proper care
and attention" means. It means:
First.-Keep the fowls entirely clear
of lice at all times. Clean the hen
house once a month if necessary to
get rid of the mites and other vermin.
Whitewash thoroughly, using plenty
of carbolic acid and some kerosene in
the wash. Remember, lice and ver-
min kill nine-tenths of the fowls and
chickens which die. You attribute it
to cholera or some other disease, when
in reality it is lice that killed your
birds. Eternal vigilance against ver-
min is the price of successful poultry
Second.-Give your fowls clear,
should, grain-wheat, oats, corn, rye,
barley, buckwheat, etc., keep a box of
crushed oyster shells within reach.
where they can get it all the
time, and they prosper and keep heal-
Third.-Never, on any occasion, give
your fowls drugs or powders to make
them lay; nor pills, tonics, roup cure,
liniments, or any preparation adver-
tised to cure diseases, so-called, which
do not exist only in the imagination of
the quack who puts the medicine on
sale to defraud you out of your mon,
- 7 MMUn.. am l.
with our U 0 J0 9511
Ibost U 3ji
P9,! FM Jl # po TU 9"9J 1A
PPT1418 j U100 ile0
aqenig uF iso .r0
Removes Curb, Splint and Capped Hock.
It will surely kill a Spavin an the waIt
relieves Sore Tendons is marvelou. Re
member this is not a cheap wash, but a
and a wonder in its penetrating powers.
hA uwmatwl ar salm
uwi Bomb h Wan'n
Paie, ric and i.OO a bottle. Sold by aB Dagglts
and eers in medicine.
S Pi eaEnco y DIO. EARL 8. *LOAN, BOeTYOn, MAss.. U. S.A.
e: Seed Seed
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gainesville
4 to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
chasers o D OAT, ED POTATOES, T B etc.
chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc.
This is the whole secret of poultry
culture. Use no drugs or tonics of any I have 800 pound.
kind at any time. If your fowls get +
very sick kill them at once and bury .
them so deep the other fowls can not *
scratch them out. Just so long as you +
give drugs to your fowls, just so long for delivery by Ji
will you have weakly, ailing birds. +
In an experience of twenty-five
years I unhesitatingly affirm that I
have never cured a fowl of any afflic-
tion, and I have used many remedies +
advertised, as well as numerous reme- *** *44
dies made by myself. Drugs do not
cure fowls at all. The fowl that gets A
well after being dosed with drugs, M A LO J
would have got well without the
drugs. In nearly all of my attempts F lorid a
in curing fowls, I have made a failure N e York
of it. I have also noticed the same re- Ne
sults in the yards of brother fanciers Phila-
who took drugs themselves and doc- delphia &
tored their fowls. Long ago I banish-
ed remedies from my poultry yards, Boston
and have banished drugs entirely From Brunswik direct to
from my home as useless and injuri-
ous, with happy results.-J. H. Davis, Pie
in Pacific Poultryman. NORTH BOUND-BRUNS
Why They do Not Lay.
A subscriber wants to know why
lhs hens do not lay, yet he does not
give any particulars as to method of
feeding or manner of caring for them.
Many things may prevent laying, ev-
en though, to all appearances, we had
S. S. COLORADO ....
S. S. RIO GRANDE .
8. 8. COLORArDO....
RIO GRANDE .....
For general information
BASIL GILL, 20 W.
H. H. Raymond. Gena
C. H. Mallory & Co., eat
. . . . . . . . . .
41 Perb Fq4raolehe Sep.
january 1st. Address all orders and enquiries to
-- P .F. WILSON,
Care E. O. Painter & Co., JACKSONVILE, FLA.
- STEAMSHIP LINE.
(Uo I Pase r Service
To make close connec-
tionswith steamers leave
S4:25 p. m.. or Fernandina
5 p. m., via Cumberland
route; supper on route.
Passengers on arrival at
Brunswick going directly
SI aboard steamer.
EOPOMBE AILINGS for Jan. 1900.
WICK, GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
...... .. .. ........ .. . Friday, January, 5
.... ........ ............... Friday, January 12
...... .... ..... ...... ...Friday, January 19
.. .. .. ............... ... ... Friday, Jan. 20
ORK TO BRUNSWICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER k
E. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3S00 P. M.
I, steaers, trains, rates, etc., apply to any railroad agent, or to
SBay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
mal Southern Agent Brunsick, Ga.,
mel Ageat, Piwr iE. R. and S Broadway, N. Y.
performed our entire duty.
Some strains of hens are rendered
non-layers by consecutive inbreeding.
Solnm are not given the necessary care
during moulting season. Some are too
old and some are too young. And
then, again, sometimes we neglect
tlem just for one day. If our friend:
will kindly tell us the variety he
breeds, their age and his method of
feeding and caring for them, we think
the cause may be readily located.
M IM A&3 OT and
welt an -g aso
umber inches around
we will edta this
b^assum fhsb Cape to
Ls by. epre .ss.
se s 0. i 1h ,ee et ee s_
TW eks" hlh -VIM
28 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
A Tale of the Turf.
I am-or, rather, was a-jockey.
There! now I have lost prestige in the
eyes of the many thousands of people
who hate "the turf" and all connected
with it: yet I am proud of the fact that
I have been a jockey, and prouder still
to know that 1 was respected by my
Had I the inclination and the ability
I could All a book with facts gained
from personal experience and observa-
tion-facts which might possibly in-
duce readers to suspect that jockeys
as a class, are as honorable as any oth-
er set of professional men: perhap-<
even more honorable, for the path of
no other professional man is so thickly
studded with gaily-gilded temptations:
and, after all, the successful resistance
of subtle temptation is the best proof
On the other hand, I must candidly
confess that I could find more than
enough material to fill a book disclos-
ing the dark side of the turf. The
public knows all about that phase of
turf life, however, and unfortunately a
certain section of the public-the unin-
itiated and therefore one-sided section
-cannot discern the difference, so far
as respectability I. concerned, between
the jockey and the sharper.
But enough of this. Everybody has
heard of Tom Kenyon, the once fa-
mous jockey, but everybody has not
heard a certain little story about him.
Early one evening, many years ago.
Tom Kenyon was informed that Lord
Clanmore wished to have a word with
him in private. Tom had just retired
to rest, for he was in strict training
for the (esarewitch at the time. but
he hurriedly rose and dressed.
His hurry was not due to the fact
that his visitor was a peer of the
realm, for jockeys often receive visits
from the aristocracy; but Lord Clan-
more's father-the late Lord Clanimore
-had been Tom's patron. The turf
never knew a more straightforward
and honorable sportsman than the late
lord, and no jockey ever had a better
No wonder, then. that Tom Kenyon
"I am glad, but of course, I expect- have practically no cliane wi-th
ed as much. But I must get on with
my confession-for such it is. Do you
know why I severed my connection
with the turf?"
"Because you were disgusted with it.
"That was one reason, but not the
only one. The fact is, my fatherlefr
me practically penniless."
Tom stared at the speaker in undis-
"It is a fact, Tom. I gave up my
horses, but I did not give up backing
others. The result Is that I am now
on the very verge of bankruptcy: and
in a short time I am to marry Lady
Florence Garthwaite, Goneequently,
within the next few months I must
by some means or other, raish at
"Excuse me, my lord." interrupted
Tom. "--er-that is-well, of course.
you are aware that I owe my present
position and my little private fortune
entirely to your father. I have about
twenty thousand pounds invested in
Consols. I can soon realize it, and, if
you don't mind, it's yours and nolxdy
shall know anything about it."
"Your generosity does credit to your
heart, Tom, but, of course. I cannot
accept your cha-your offer. I mean."
"I beg your pardon, my lord-most
humbly. I forgot."
"Besides, I must raise at least one
hundred thousand pounds. I can get a
final mortgage of ten thousand pounds
on the estate, and if I lose. the mort-
gagee will foreclose. and I am ruined.
I have explained thus much, Tom. be-
cause you have a right to know it, as
you are the one man who can help me
to win the hundred thousand. I want
you to-why, what's the matter?"
Tom Kenyon had fainted. He had
heard such yarns before, and the con-
clusion was always a suggestion to
"pull" a horse and deliberately lose a
race. so that the pleader might retrieve
his fortunes by foul means. The
thought that the son of his old master
-the old Lord Clanmore. the very soul
of integrity-could stoop so low was
too much for the jockey. Under ordi-
nary circumstances, perhaps. Tom,
would not have broken down so coml-
whose price, at present, is fifteen to
"Do you advise me to back Alpha,
"Not yet, my lord. The only horse
I am afraid of is Beta- Twenty-four
hours before the race I shall have a
very good Idea as to the probable win-
ner. If you do not hear from me on
the morning of the race, back Alpha-
If I fancy that any other horse is like-
ly to beat me, you shall know its name
by the first post on the race-day."
"Thanks, Tom- I understand. If I
hear nothing I put my money on Al-
pha: if Alpha is likely to lose I shall
receive a letter. Very good."
On the night before the great race
Tom Kenyon wrote and posted the fol-
lowing brief letter to Lord Clanmore:
"Alpha has been out of sorts for two
days. Impossible for him to win. Ad-
vise you to support Beta. Short odds,
but sure. Tom Kenyon."
The news of Alpha's indisposition
was already widely known. On the
day of the race scarcely any backers
supported it. and it started at twenty
to one against.
The man who was most concerned
and puzzled about the condition ofAl-
pha was Alpha's jockey, for. to Tom's
surprise, the animal seemed to recover
suddenly, and at the starting-post Tom
felt assured that the spirited horse
would make a good bid for victory.
And Alpha did make a good bid for
victory. Slowly, but surely, Alpha and
Beta gained on their rivals, until they
were really the only two horses left in
the race. The vast crowd cheered lust-
ily for Beta. A hundredyards from
tie winningpost the pair ran neck to
neck. and Tom felt that. bar accidents,
he would win.
Then. and not till then, was Tom
seized with that indefinable species of
torture which one experiences when
one's inclination and duty point in di-
rectly opposite directions. If Alpha
lost, no one would be surprised.
Scarcely anybody. except the "book-
les," would be sorry, for very few of
the thousands of spectators had back-
niet~elv. hult he had had a hard dav. a. 'rm mn.n A1.m~s- n.ll i
hastened to meet the son of his old and fo- some time he had been co.m- CnllUmore would lie saved fpron ruin
master. He wondered what could be yelled to trifle with nature in order to :and dl.,yrmce-and had not he himself
the object of the visit, for it was getner-
ally understood that the young lord
had forsaken the turf.
"Good-evening, Tom." was Lord
Clanmore's greeting as he shook tinh
jockey warmly by the hand. "Are you
"Quite well, my lord. thank you,"
replied Tom: and then, observing lis
visitor's careworn appearance. he add-
ed, "I'm sorry tosee that you are ni'i
In the best of health."
"I'm well enough." said Iord 'Cln-
more; "but I came to see you on a
matter of business."
In an instant Tom was all attention.
"Tom, I think I can trust you. I
know that my father trusted you with
many an important secret."
"You will remember that I sold mly
father's stable and every one of his
much priced horses when I came into
possession of the estate."
"Perfectly. my lord. This is why I
am with Si Erile Marsden now."
"By-the-bye, how do you get on with
the honorable member for West Bank-
"Excellently. my lord-almost as
well as with the late lord Olanmore."
reduce his weight so that he might ride
the "dark" horse, Sir Eric Marsden'fs
Alpha, in the Cesarewitch.
"Wlat is the matter'" related Lord
Clanmore, when Tom revived.
"Nothing-nothing." was the reply.
"I've been over-training. I expect. Go
on, my lord."
"Well. as I was saying. I want you
to do le a favor. You know a good
horse when you see one. When next
you get news of a good thing at long
odlds. I want you to let me know. My
estate has been disbursed on the turf:
I want the turf to pay a little back.
I will hack your selection for all I am
worth-lr. rather. for all I can raise:
and if I win I shall never back another
horse as long as I live."
Tom Kenyon could scarcely believe
his ears. Lord Clanmore had not come
to bribe him to go wrong, after all.
it was only a "tip" he wanted-an hon-
est tip. The feeling of relief which
passed over Tom is. to use the jockey's
own words, simply indescribable.
"My lord, you have asked me just
at the right moment. I am to ride
Alpha in the Cesarewitch next week.
Beta and Omega are the first favorites,
anti, according to the betting world. I
strongly urged the young lord to back
Only for a few brief moments did
rTon hesitate. He thought of his mas-
ter. Sir Eric Marsden, who had long
ago set his mind on carrying off this
event. and he thought of his honor.
which up to that moment, had remnain-
*That settled the matter. His mind
was made up- With only one object
in view-that of winning at all hazards
-lie urged Alpha on with whip and
spur. and Alpha nobly responded like
the game horse he was.
The winning-post was neared-
reached-paased. A hoarse roar of
disappointment, a confused hubbub,
and a solitary cheer here and there
told Tom plainly enough that Alpha
had beaten Beta and won tlhe Cesare-
witch. And such was the case. Alpha
had won by a short head. Tom Ken-
yon's honor was saved. Lord Clan-
more was irretrievably ruined.
"I congratulate you. old man," said
the jocky who rode Beta. "I thought I
should have beaten you this time, but
-why. what's the matter? you don't
look over well pleased at your vic-
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make a
olain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:
First, a Word as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disease. Etperi-
nents on this line ted to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS. and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in-
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
It is impossible to fully, explain how so
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rible ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
S'I.ATING INSOLES is every day con.-
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gia. Sleeplessness and Lost Vitality, which
had previously seemed hopeless. Read the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selesb if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL TIf,'
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON EfIEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours,
W. E. Butch.
"IMPART VIGOR AND STRENGTH TO
Some time ago I wrote yo for one pair o
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES,
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
ter using these Insoles for several weeks past,
I find thm to be of inestimable value to one's
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatigued and worn out, and it certainly is a
fact that these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very truly,
"I SHALL USE THEM AS LONG AS I
At the end of three months' use of the
SI.AYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes, I feel
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
want you and every one else to know it. The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
shoulder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe pain
which I felt when I began using the Casten
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arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
tion throughout my body.
I am doing at least onefourth more work
than I have been able to do during the past.
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
this, and money would not buy them if I
could get no more. I shall use them as long
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, and
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
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Yours. sincerely, B o.
We will gladly send anyone a full set at
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC SWITCH-CAS-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATIVi;
INSOLES on receipt of a5 cents to cover
postage and packing, imc. for Casters, 8c. for
Insoles. Try them for two weeks, according
to directions. If they do not help you send
them back by mail and no charges will be
made. If they do help you. send us $3.oo in
full payment of the Casters and $.oo for the
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for brass, iron, or wooden bedstead and sire
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The Slayto Electric Caster Co.,
Io High St., Tecnm ase, nki
"Hearty congratulations." exclaimed Poultry Suggestions.
Sir Eric Marsden. his facebeaming If hens are over fat, do not attempt
with smiles. "You never rode better in to carry the over.
your life. Tom-never." Study poultry from the practice al
And then, to add to Tom's discomfit- standpoint. just as other stock upon I
ore. Lord Clanmore---the ruined Lord the farm is studied.AVAN NN EV
Clanmore-loomed in sight The win- There is no fear of losing anything
ning jockey, feeling sick at heart, by sending clean eggs and nice looking Pt
tried to avoid him; but Lord Olanmore 'poultry to the market. rt R a il t S ea
was not the man to be avoided. Moulting is a strain upon the sys-
"Tom," excitedly whispered the tem, and the bird should have good FaS Freighit snd Iuxurius Passeilger Ioute
young lord in his unwilling ear; "Tom, feed and protection from cold winds.
you have saved me." A wet hen Is not a. comfortable hen. F' R()M
The jockey started. even in warm weather, and she ought
"I put ten thousand pounds onAl- to have protection from the storms. ID TO N YORK
pha at twenty to one," continued Lord Breeders who do not wish to winter FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
Clanmore. "and I have cleared two all the stock on hand are anxious tBOSTON TMHE E ST
hundred thousand pounds. I shall nev- sell. and it is a good time to bui..- BON & E
er forget you, Tom." The farmers' family should consuni
Tom Kenyon could scarcely believe more poultry and eggs and less pork. Short Rail Ride to Savannah.
his ears- Yet the excited peer was ev- They are among the most vlill S ort Rail Ride to Savannah.
idently speaking the truth. What did foods.
it all mean? There is nothing in its relation to Thence via Ship, Sailings from Savannah, Your Ships Each
He found out shortly afterwards. the henhouse that is more implrta;ti Week to New York, and Two to Boston.
An envelope, marked "On Her Majes- than whitewasl and a whitewash All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules.
ty's Service." reached him, and on brush,. if they are used. Write for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations,
opening it Tom found, to his intense The fact that so much poultry : or call on
astonishment, that it contained the sold is prima facie evidence that poul- ,
letter he had written to Lord Clanmore try raising is profitable. Poultry. too. ton Tra anaer Water Hawkns Gen Agt.
advising him to back Beta instead of brings quick returns. Savannah, Ga. -24 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Alpha. Feeding corn night and morning i.s ___
The letter had never reached Lord the sum total of poultry management el sioin wa reached that the last is lammulnition, and also from the other
Clanmore, for the very good reason on thousands of farms and t:ert is preferable. because varnishing the guns. I
that Tom Kenyon had, in a moment no money in that sort of management. eggs ith vaseline takes considerableF "'e suffered very slight casualties
of forgetfulness, posted it withoutany Better breeds, better roosts, better tim ud treating them with lime wa- about three men killed and a few
name or address on the envelope. It feeling. less shutting. less vermin and ter is likely to give the eggs a dis- wounded."
had, of course, journeyed to the "pead cleaner houses, would be worth mil- agreeable odor and taste. There is. FAST RAILROAD RUN
Letter" department of the G. P. 0. lions of dollars to American farmer however drawak with ggs A most remarkable long-distance
where it was opened. Then, like thou- and they are all easy of adoption. I'eser\'ed in a solution of water glass. i 1u was made on the Southern Rail-
sands of simiarly addresed-or, rath- It is never wise to buy breeding s t ll easily bursts in boiling ay, by a special arranged for on
er unaddressed-missives which are stock at the beginning of the breeding water. Water glass s i a. very cheai short notice. The trip was from Salia-
dropped Into pillar-boxes every year, season. u it before, so that it will produt and van o ily be produced at r N. ('. to Atlanta, and the soil-
it was returned to the writer.-Tit- have become used to its new 1ur- not to ex(,eed ifty (.ens a galon. i ty passenger who occupied the sin-
Bits. rouldings. Before the breeding season while a gallon will make enough to gle car was G. H. Penrlman of 1070
tcoIngences. preserve fifty dozen eggs. To each, Fifth Avenue, New York.
Winer gg. F-ank ie slays that a dresser ter that is used M. l'enni n was a passenger on
We are often Prone to lay to the shou1 ,k,,ihite wrapped it prafil pa.- o u Air. o i newn r t It" l Pennimanwas a passenge r ite
We are often prone to lay to the foIi s.hoUll I) wrappedIld in i-flhin p- ole ilua1lt of water glass should le the Southern's southwestern limited
"perversity of nature" thing which are ptr, packed in a neat box and labeledl, Ile. Pack the eggs in a jar alnd from New York. At Salisbury, he
largely our own fault. We often instead of ing hung up, expose r th solution over them, and kee trolled through the train, and by s-
complain of bad luck, or calmly ac- and thrown about as if it were of not the lg inll ol. dark phe-, Mer- StOIl tlou in the tJack and bv mis-
cept it without complaining, feeling co1sequence.s c. dark pv -- lake sat in the .acksonville sleeper,
ept it without complaining, feeling c.Ollqtletlo.t (.hnts" Revieww.w\ihiichi was detached at the North Car-
that we must accept t'e inevitable, In all the deluge of poultry litera- lt ws tahed at te North
when the truth Is that if we looked tur, tlie goose is seldom mentioned. .* olina city. lie did not discover his
around us a little we might find a nd yet te goose is a money-making DAY SCHOOL FOR COOPER UN- stake until go time after the lim-
around us 1 a Utile we might ION. -tedl liadi left, but quickly commu-
remedy for all the trouble. business. There is a good deal more ION. e ha left, but quickly commu
It often seems a hard provision of money in geese than there is in ducks. Andrew Carnegie hts given $300.- t.atinlg with President Spencer. ar-
nature that our hens will lay plentiful- at least in the west.-Agricultural Ep- ()O to Cooper Union for the establish- ranged for a special.
ly in the spring and summer months, itomist. llrnt of a day school in New York, Thet limited rolled into Atlanta twen-
when eggs are worth only 10 cents a siililar in scope to the present night ty minutes late, after a remarkably
dozen. and refuse to contribute a sin- Preserving Eggs in Water Glass. school. and the object of which will be rapid run. and was followed just ten
gle one during those months when According to experiments conducted to give such practical Instruction as minutes liter by the special, which
eggs are worth from 20 to 30 cents a under the direction of the Agricultural shall enable young men to become left Salisbury two hours after the llm-
dosen. Still, the truth is that it is I epartment. water glass more closely fist-class ;lnd skilled workmen. ited.
neither the fault of nature nor the confoIrms to tile requirements of a Te miles tween Salisbury and
perversity of the hens. good lpreservative than any of the VICTORY FOR THE ENGLISH. Atlanta were covered by the New
The whole trouble is that we do not sullbstances commonlyy employed. It The success of General French's col- Yorker's special in 2 minutes, in-
get our hens in proper condition to lay was found inl these experiments that uimn. which has recently been ru- (ilding stops.
eggs. We are not fair to the hens. a 10 per cent. solution of water glass more. is at length confirmed officially. M,'. Penniman said his anxiety to
When we send a man to do a piece preserves eggs so effectually that at the w-ar office issuing a dispatch from cnt'h the hmlted was caused by an en-
of work we are careful to select one tlte e1ld of three and one-half months ('ape Town. dated Monday, January gageleint to Mneet his daughter in the
who is physically capable of perform. eggs that were preserved the first part 1, as follows: French reports to-day City of Mexico, and Iecause his valet
ing the task, and not one who should of Augusmt still appeared to be perfect- from Colenso by heliograph as fol- and clothes were on the train.
be sent to the hospital. ly fresh. In most packed eggs lows: )ROWNEI) IN A POND.
But somehow we seem never to after a little time the yolk settles to "Leaving at Itensburg and holding Saturday about noon at Hinton's
think of that when we expect the one side. and tile egg is thell inferior the enemy in front of the First Suf- pond, eight miles northwest of Ral-
to perform a task. We seem rather to in quality. In eggs preserved for folks and a section of the Royal Horse eight, N. C., three boys, sons of promi-
expect that nature has endowed the three and one-half months in water artillery. I started thence at .3 in thle Ilent citizens, were drowned.
feathered kingdom with the power to glass, the yolk retains its normal po- afternoon of December '1l, taking five The boys were school mates and de-
perform miracles, notwithstanding all sition. and in taste they were not to s4,uldrons of cava'ry, half of the St*"- voted friends. They had planned to
the neglect we may heap upon them; ie distinguished from fresh unpacked ond Berks and eight mounted infan- spend the day hunting at Mr. Hinton's
and here is where we make our lirst store eggs. Again, most packed eggs try. andi ten guns. farm. They had gone only a mile and
MisBtakc. nwll nlot leat u l wI-l for vnkli-t iil"I I IrhltIed for foir lihorn at tl- Mitl- a half from the Hinton reaidense bh-
While we keep the hens in good con- or for frosting, while eggs from solu- dlor farm and in the morning occupied fore they came to a pond known as
edition. we often fall to provide food tion in water glass seemed quite equal a Kopje overlooking, and to the west- Hinton's pond, and maintained for
that contains the elements necessary to the average fresh egg of the mar- ward of Colesbul.',. 'The e lley's out- fishing purposes. This being frozen
for the formation of eggs. ket. Of twenty methods of preserv- posts were t:tk": .onplete)ittly ly suir. Over they placed their guns on the
Let us first have the hens in condi- ing eggs tested in Germany the three prise. At i-tyligit we shelled thie bank and went out on the ice. But
tion. then with proper food and rat- which proved most effective were Laager and enfiladed to the right of they had not gone far before it broke
ional care, we should have no reason coating tih eggs with vaseline, pre- the enemy's position. The artillery and all three went under together.
to complain of lack of eggs during all serving them in lime water and pre- fire in reply was very hot from the 15- Four hours later they were found fros-
seasons of the year.-Home and Farm. serving them in water glass. The con- pounder gun. using royal laboratory en and lifeless under the ice.
WrIa TH KOB. f
TIME HE WAS MARRIED.
A recent wedding in a western town
was so much laterrupted that the
friends of the wedded pair found spe-
cial reason to congratulate them when
the ceremony was at last over. All
went merrily until the bridegroom was
called upon to produce the wedding
rhag. In vain he felt in his trousers
pocket for the indispensable article.
Nothing could be found except a hole
through which the ring had evidently
fallen into toe high boot which the
young man wore. What was to be
"Take your boot off," said the par-
The suspense and silence were pain-
The young man removed his bort:
the ring was found; also a hole in his
stocking, and the worthy minister re-
marked, evidently with more than the
delay of the cerem-ay in mind:
"Young man, it is time you were
PROUD TO KNOW HIM.
"The other night," said the fat
boarder, "I slept in a room with a gen-
erous gentleman. I snore horribly-
In fact, I'm a snorer from way back.
We retired. In the morning when we
arose this gentleman handed me a sil-
ver half dollar.
"'What's that for?' said I.
"'Oh, take it,' he replied. 'You have
won it. You deserve it.'
"'But what for?' said I.
"'Oh, take the money and go and
buy yourself several first class drinks.
I like you. You are the best one I ever
saw. You are the only man I ever saw
who. could snore loader than I could
holler.' "-Atlanta Constitution.
HIS NICE WAY OUT.
"And is this the first time you have
experienced the sensation of love?" she
"It is," he replied.
"Am I the first girl you ever told
you loved?" she persisted.
He hesitated. "You must remem-
ber," he said at last, "how easy it is
for the ignorant and uninitiated to ac-
cept a base imitation for the real
A New Hampshire man wished to
have telephone connection between his
house and a new one built for his
son's summer residence. The best
route took the wire over the cottage
of an old lady, to whom he applied for
permission to make the slight use of
ber roof that was necessary.
The old lady gave her consent, but
made a.firm stipulation at the same
"I'm willing you should run wires
over my roof and hitch 'em wherever
you see fit," she said pleasantly,"pro-
vided you don't use 'em after 9 o'clock
at night. That's my bedtime, and I'm
a light deeper at best, and the noise
of folks talking overhead would be
sal to keep me awake."-Youth's
"Arthur, dear," she said, "I do wish
you would not use cigarettes."
'Boeause you aGent know what in in
"Oh yes, I do. Why for the trifling
sum that a cigarette costs you get nico-
tine, vale-'an, possibly a little mor-
phia and any quantity of carbon."
She looked up into his eyes and
murmured, "Arthur, dear, it does seem
like a bargain, doesn't it?"-Brisbane
THIE MODEST LAWYER.
A lawyer walked down the street re-
cently with his length of arms taxed to
hold a lot of law books-
Pointing to the books, a friend said,
"Why, ,I thought you carried all that
tauff in your head?"
"'I do," quickly replied the lawyer,
with a knowing wink. "These are for
She handed the check to the paying
teller. She was calm and collected, as
if it was an every-day matter.
"Madame," said the teller gently.
"you you have forgotten to indorse it."
"Indorse it?" with a little worried
"Yes; you must write your name on
the back here to show that you will
repay this bank in case the issuer of
this check should fail to answer our
"Oh," she said, accepting the pen.
When the teller looked at the check
again, this is what he read:
"The bank has always paid up
what it owes, and you need have no
worry. Therefore, I endorse this
check, Very truly ynurs, Mrs. J. B.
The teller fell over into the vault.-
A STUDIED PROPOSAL.
A young lady was acting temporari-
ly as hostess, and her time was much
occupied. One of her admirers, a ner-
vous and absent-minded lover, perceiv-
ed that this would be the case. and to
facilitate matters he determined to
bring affairs to a point. He didn't got
'Afterwards," says the object of his
ill-stared devotion, "I found this mem-
orandum on the floor, where he had
dropped it in his agitation. It reads
"'Mention rise in salary. Mention
loneliness. Mention pleasure in her so-
ciety. Mention prospects from Uncle
Jim. Never loved before. l'ropose.'-"
FREE! FREE! FREE!
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or Water Color, free.
In order to introduce our excellent
work we will make to any sending us
a photo a Life Size Portrait Crayon,
Pastel or Water Color Portrait Free
of Charge. Exct likeness and highly
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C. L. Marechal Art Co.,
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Prof. Draughon has prepared books
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If you desire to take the "FIomo
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Se- ad. elsewhere.
.,rtluound--Kead Down. i TIME IARiL I Southbound--ead Up.
............. i .41 st...... i.UUptLv .... Port liapa .... .Arl .. .... .O p Upl ..ia ......
... I.. I.ote ...
... I ...I... .... I ...... ... ILv .. .1 . H otel ... Ar ...... 1..... .. .. .....
......... .l.luPla...... 7.iplLv ..... .Tampa ......... Ai ...... I .i.pl .UpJ I,.ual......
...i...l... 1.4pi . 44p1Lv .... m .......Ki n ... .. Ar 4. ......
...... ...... I -P .......... 1U pILv. ..Orlando .... ....Ar ...... iOcaia .l .up 4.Vil .....
..... .i......i .p ...... l.p Lv ... .. inter Park .....Arl...... ato-I a.Ap i..api ......
.... ..... 2.Bp ...... l.2OalLv .... ....Saford ....... .ArI...... caeiiel 4.Ap ..ua.--....
.... I .. ...1 4. l ...... I...... |Ar .....DeLana .... ....Lvi...... ......( l mP ...... I......
....... ...i .o ...... 1 ...... |Lv ..... DeLand ...... ..ArI ......i ...... p ...... I......
.u.,.u|4l...... i ..apl ......|1 2.1 . Lv .. .....Palatka .... I ...Ar|... I.l.TaI 2.uplI.4iai ..AUp
.-pvyl ...... I .Wpl ......i 4.UaiAr .. JACKSU., ILLE Lv ...... s.ialAlUplituPpl *ulp
...... ......i......I 5.201a..l... Lv ... St. Peters Lur .... Ar ...... lU. p ...... ......
. ..l. ...I......| S.aa .j......Lv ... Belleir ..... ....A|......| Yo ...................
...... ...... ...... a ...... Lv .... .. ees ur ... A. ... .....: i .- pI ...... .. ..- .
...v I ...... .... oLL pI l...... .. .... ..U .aa .........A .. ...I aip ...... ...... p
4.uul....... ...... 2.O>p ...... Ar .... ..Gainesville .... ..Lvi...... I 0.U j ....- .... .i .
,.o ra ...... ....... I .Upl......Lv .... .. Gainesville .... .Ar ...... Z. ...... ...... p
...i ...... ,......l I ip ...... I Lv ..... a tka .. ....... A .. t..I... o. .,I
S..-P ...... ...... 56.Upi ...... IAr .. JALKSUNVLLE ..wai r .. A NVILL v ...... i ...... I ...... I -P
Local Iia So Ry. viaA C L. iaAC L.lVia So Ry.1 Local
36 | 1 3 | 78 | 32 1 | 35 | 23 | 3 |U ( 3d I aI
..Ua dl .WaJ >.4oplJ.0Uat 7.45pl 8.00ajL. J'VILLLL. Alll.oUal i.almi 9.bai i.4Upll0."lUUlp .1
t.taa I.uua| V.zopI B .salatUtpilti.UuaA.. W'eross.. Lil.UUa I.1ial 7.26ai 6.spl p* biP
...... ;iv. ~pall.p .1Vpl l l.oaliL.ADpiA.. Savann'h ..Li i. ai Z..al 2.i ual ".a pi a..ppi ...a
...... .... ...... ...... ..sal 4.rplA.. Ctha'ston. ..Li o.iall-l. pl...... ..... ... I ....
...... ....... 6.I pi b.Wal 'I.aIp l.ioajA.. Kichm d. ..L) i.iupl 9..OtaaI.UlpLtUUpl ........
............ I al L.Wp| ......p...... IA.. Columuia ..LI......I..... Il.ali ...... .. ....
.... .... 9.40ai &6opj ..........A.. Char.u..t. ... .... .. ... A.ti.p, .w .....l .
............ 1 3.41p all ..i.....-...... A.. .Lyncuo g ..Li ... .... ..o.p. Jap
...... ......I b&oupl ..4ail.iWpI ,.lalA.. vasin g n ..LI 3.4lupi .aUil1a.L ap ..I. ......
......:...... II.Lop .J 9.al 1.tsal b.20aIA.. Baltimore ..i L apl Z.oaI .i.aaI 6.Zpi ...... I ....
...... .......I I. i.oal .0aUalU. alA... .hiacireia .Llatpl3A.aI 3.Z.Ii B.Pl ....... ......
...... I .....1 t.&a| -.wpl t.63a| l. .pA.. New xork L1 it.IOap b.a0pl.0a. .LIpl ....... I ....
...... :...... I ui -plU.VUUp1 4uupl a.ompiA.. .Bosun.. ..L,l.alp, 1.UUpi ao.0Upl S.9.ul ...... I ......
v ia y VIly Ex. Sun. i
Al&u i \ia So y. Via L&N.1 utherD r.n \iaL&N.i Via So y. 1&
I I Daily I IK.K.
i l 14 16 l 78 1 __ 1 1 23 1 21 13 I 15 1 laB
.op .45p i .4pi .00a 7.4Opl 8.00alL.. Jt ILLE ..Ai 7.30a1i0.U0p a.UaIlO.OUpi *..2a s.aua
lu.p -'pLi .iwp( ,.IUailU.'4pi1.L(kiL. .W'cr-,s. ..Al o.uuai 8.;.Wp 6.251 714.p i .ta .0Uia
...... ...... U.Wpi -.1Ua .......... .. ... Jeaup.. ...... .... .I .u 7.UUp ............
...... ....... z.ai a l. l ...... I.... .Aacon... LI............j a 2.I0p ...........
......, ...... I a. 2tiua| .i l ......|......A ...u. a a.. ..L|......... ... ..lO0.1p I1.0lp ...... ......
....... .. .4aai b*.api ..............A... C'nog'.. ..LI...... ...... g.p 6.4 ........
- ,i ..... I ...... ...... 12. ail2.LpIA.. .aldi a. ..L 3.l a .4 pl ...... ...... I......
i.oi.....................I 1.aal .laUiA.. T1ho NiIre. ..L| Z.upa ..3i.p ....... ........... 2.Ur
6.;..... I ........ ...... I .aI1 I.oupiA.. .i g. er, ..I a.40op li.2a ............ I ...... 7.46p
............ ZM.0aIU.Upil.J.a .alA... Bi r'am. ..Ll 4.0Ap .412a, .ip .00 ai .........
..... ..... api .tua 6.aopl .6.J)alA.. Nashviiie. ..Li 9.1a 2.2ia S.10al P ............
......I......I i .Mb al .4a i.i-p|l I.UiplIA.. Mempni.. ..L| &.-&p L-p! b.laal &Usp;,............
...... I...... a.3Upl i.al 2.dUal2.aopiA.. Lou..e ..L: ".si|l %.pI .i 'P ...... ....
...... I...... i .~ip i-.ial I.Uaal 4.tpiA.. minc il.. ..Li.il.upi p 3. l .i a.ui Avpl ...... I ......
1 ...... I.wa t.pl .i.ai i.lbpiA. St. Loui s...L b.oop 8. 9l .>iop .Ua .... I Litp
t., uU,...... 7.Loai o.ip, b.Utai .piA.. L.hicago. ..I; .4.op i.aupl & .alp .01a ...... lha
.',pl .....i I ,tal 7.4lwi 4.topI i6.iJaA.. 1. t.... y |1 lta.oailt.-Ipi ,.api .i0pi ......p I 9.5CS
....... 6.0ja...... .I........i A.. LoiUma ..L .......I ........... .. 1. ......
......I y.4 plp ............ ... .........A.. Ashe., le. ..L ........ I ..... .. .. P .....
...... 1 ,'. __p I...... I .. ... ... A. Knoxllue ...LI ...... ...........:: : t I.
....... ..I I.4al I.... ..... ...mcri nati. ..L... ........ ......b....... I ip"......
...a........ I ...... I...... 112al 9.;5piL.. M'go cry. ..Al 6.1-al a .UUp ...... I ........ I......
............ ...... 1......I 4.i 4.l.UIalA.. Mobuie.. ...Lll.Z~alap.o p
...... i...... ...... ......I &30pl 7.40alA.. N. Ur .ans .LI .4 .p ...........
-2 and 35 (via A. C. L. and Pensylvania R. R).-NEW YURK, FLORIDA A D
V Lbl" I.\DIA LIMITED--Carry Vestibule Coaches between Jacksonville and Washing-
ton and i'umlman Stlepers between Port 'lampi, Jacasunvilie and New York.
3i and 36 (via So. Ky. and Pennsylvania K. H.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
sonville and \\ashington, Puliman Sleepers between Miami, Jacksonville and New York;
aso Puiman Sleepers between Jacksonvimie and Cincinnati via Asheville and Knoxville.
id and 2. carry Pullman Sleepers between Jacasonville and New York via A. C. L. and
Penn.syvai.a K. R., between St. Petersburg, Jacksonville and St. Louis via Montao..e
Rnd L. N. R. R., and btaenB Jaostltoava.l, asd St. Louse va Moutgurmcry and n. a U.
34 and 34 via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R.R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
ounvillc and Washington, Pullman Sleepers between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and New
Lurk, and Dining Car between Savannah ana Charlotte.
32 and 21 carry Pullman Sleepers between 1'urt lampa, Jacksonville and Louisville and
elegant day coaches between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Montgomery and L. & N.
14 and 13-CINCINNATI AND FLORID LIMITED-Solid vestibule trains, with
uliiman Sleepers, between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Jesup, So. Ry. and Q. & C.
RK.ute: also Pullman Sleepers between Jacksonville and Kansas City via Jesup, Atlanta. Bir-
mingham, Memphis and K. C. t. S. & M. Ry., and between Jacksonville and St. Louis
via Jessup, So. Ky., &. & C., Louisville and L. E. & St. L. Ry.
Is and 15-SOLID VESTIBULE TRAINS between Jacksonville and Cincinnati, with
Pullman Sleepers between oPrt Tampa, Jacksonville and Cincinnati So. Ry. and V. & C.
S1 Daly Str. DailyJ Via Gulf Coast Line Da lyl aily M
......J 4.2::l ...........Lv Pt. Tampa via Ky.. .Ar...... |l0. 0p1l0.0p ...: ......
......... 1 .....I......Lv ....... Tampa ....... .. Arf...;.. 9.55p 9.5p ...... p ...
... I ....... Punt.orda. un ra .... .. Ar 1....
S 7.15plAr .... ...Lakeland .... ...L:i ... 91: :.1 ... '
5.40i,..... .. .... 7.0a ...... Lv .. Pt Tampa via Str... Ar ..... ...... 9.0 ......
..-p ..... .Oa 8.00. v ... St. Petersburg .....Ar 10.3010.30p 8.0....
.-.. p ...... 5.5 ............ Lv .. ..Belleair .... ....Ar ...... 9.3 5p 7. ......
8.0p ...... 6.a ............ Ar .... Tarpon Springs .... Lv...... &56 p 86.a ......
..... ...... 10.25a ............ Lv ....... Leesburg ...... .. Ar ...... 4.5p ................
...... .... 12.16p ............ Lv ...... ...Ocala ...... ....Ar ...... 3.10p 6S p ..........
............ 2.Sp ..... ..... .. .... Gainesville .. Lv ........
............ 5.22p ........... ....... Live ..... ........12 2p ...... ......
............ 6.00p ........... Lv .... .... Jasper ....... ..Ar ............ 12. p ............
............ 9.00p ..... ..... Ar ..... .W across .. ....Lv ............ ...
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE-STEAMSHIPS ULI\ ETTE AND MASCOTTE.
Sat. \\ed. and Mon........12.p Lv .... Havana .. .... Ar a.....Wed. Sat. and Mob.
Sat., \\ed. and Mon........ 0.7p[Ar :... Key West .... .Lv 9.00 ......Tues., Fri. and Sun.
Sat., Wed. and Mon..... ... 9.pLv ....Key West .... Ar .00p ..... Tues., Fri. ad Sun.
Sun.. Thur. and Tues...... 2.30pAr .... Port Tampa .. Lvl.00p.......Mon. thurs. and Sat.
Further information, reservations, tickets, etc., may be obtained of agents, or
H. C. McFadden Div. Pass. Agent, W. V. LIFSEY. Div. Pass. Agent,
138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. Tama Flas.
R. G. IRWIN, M F. PLANT, B. DUNHAM, B. WREIfN
President. Vice-President General Supt. Pass. Traf. Mgr.
ril M h s emdepsadon Prry'nsaeme
)melprn st ed Tevery yeard never d ia r
ly te~sed. U you want the ne disappolntment. Cheap sumtl-
Syour w mat Sn give, ge tates bring loss, not paying cro.p
cam ain lFive cm per .aer
Severywhere, and always worth It
t lws te Dt. reed Ruseal jM
-- ~THE FLORMA AGIUCUULL:TUICXTT
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 1
Experience With Celery.
I began setting plants in the field in
October, continuing to set them each
month, until January. The rows set
in November and December did beIt.
brought the best money, was the least
work. It was set in single rows four
feet apart and six or seven inches
apart in rows about 250 feet
long. This sold in New York for $3.50.
giving $30 net per row. The frosts
in December almost ruined the self-
blanching varieties-the Golden and
White Plume. That set after Decem-
ber 24 did nothing, as it got too hot
and dry for it in the spring. I think.
however, if it could have been irrigat-
ed it would have come into market la-
ter anl when bearing a higher price.
The varieties which did best were
Mexican Solid, Savannah Market, Bos-
ton Market and Golden Dwarf, in the
order named. I used a compost made
from cowlot manure. cotton-seed
meal, Florida phosphate and sulphate
of potash, all thoroughly rotted and
mixed. About a month before setting
out. I plowed in cowpea stubble, har-
rowed and smoothed the land. When
ready to set out I ran out a furrow
with a one-horse plow, returning in
the same furrow. If too much loose
earth rolled in I cleaned it out with a
hoe; scattered two one-horse loads of
composite in each furrow and four
quarts of salt. About three inches of
earth was then hauled in from the out-
sides, leveled and left to be settled by
the rain; or, if in a hurry, it was
planked down by laying down a six-
inch board and walking several times
over it, Sometimes we nued water in
setting, and at others, not, according
to the condition of the land.
I found no trouble in getting a stand,
seldom, if ever. losing a plant. Set
collar of plant even with surface of
furrow, but three inches below general
surface. Kept ground loose by run-
ning a wheel-hoe occasionally near the
plants and an Acme between the rows.
After six weeks I handled, straight-
ening up the plants and pressing the
earth around each, then pulling up
with hoe between plants to keep them
growing upright. As it grew out of
the banks I continued to earth up un-
til when done the banks were waist-
high. and as a neighbor said, "looked
like I was getting ready for a battle;
I used ventilated boxes, twenty-two
by twenty-eight inches and five inches
deep, for shipping; lumber dressed on
outside. Made a rack five inches wide
(depth of box), and high enough to
hold twelve medium sized roots after
being trimmed. Each bunch was tied
in two places and packed in a box.
"heads and tails," five to a box. If the
celey was large, sometimes six roots
filled the rack, being thirty roots to
the box. Some sold for $4.50 per box.
Much of it weighed two to two and a
half pounds to the box after being
I tried blanching with paper, also
with wires stretched on each side and
mulching crowded in between them
and the celery, but was satisfied with
nothing but "mother earth."
As to the "new celery culture." it
may do in Florida, provided one has
plenty of water and floods the planta-
tion daily. Without this it will fail.
for with such heavy fertilizing as
would be necessary with so close
planting-and a plant, too, requiring
so much water as celery-unless kept
drenched the plants would not grow.
and would soon run to seed.
it will not become "sobbed;" land, too,
that when you bank your celery the
earth will not wash or blow down:
good plants of a variety suited to the
ail; plenty of fertilizer of the right
sort. and good cultivation.
With these we may raise a good.
paying rop<, one which is different
from many in that there is not likely
to be aill over-production very soon.
(elery used to be a luxury, but it is
now almost a necessity. and is often
prescribed medicinally, and the in-
creasing demand yearly is immense.
Northern-grown celery is kept in pits
and cellars, usually until about March
1. New Northern-grown celery cannot
be obtained much before July. and to
get it evenll t that time the plants
must be grown in greenhouses. But
the market demand is just as good
from March to July as at any time,
and then is Florida's opportunity.
One year celery was sent to this
country from France and put on the
market to fill the interim. Florida
ought certainly to have something to
say about this.-B. H. Alden in Times-
Union and Citizen.
Florida Tomato Culture.
The Northern tomato field presents a
picture of a crop growing two feet
high; the Southern field four to five
feet. That is. some of the Southern
fields of early tomatoes do, and such
fields present a beautiful sight. The
tomatoes grown at Crytal Springs,
Miss., are the finest of the early
spring tomatoes which reach the New
York market. They are not so early
an the Florida winter tomatoes, but
they are much finer and larger, and
their growing is a science. The meth-
od of culture is pruning and stalking.
and the Mississippi trucker, his wife
and ten children are all employed in
the tomato fields and kept busy prun-
ing, too. This method of culture has
Iwen systematically tested by the New
Jersey Exlpriment Station: but the
success in the North has not been as
great as that in the South.
In the first place the tomatoes are
planted in rows three and one half
feet apart, and three feet apart in the
rows. which would be close for ordi-
nary field work. where the plants lie
on the ground. The plants are cared
for in the usual way until they begin
are pushed firmly, or driven into the
Then six-foot stakes rived out of pine,
to bend over with their own weight.
ground after a softening rain, and the
plants tied closely to them with a
piece of white wrapping string ten
inches long. Next, every plant is
pruned and every sucker is pulled out,
leaving only single stems with no
limbs. This is the most laborious part
of the work, as the suckers shoot very
rapidly especially after the first ones
have been pulled. In a short time.
with rapid growth, another tying is
necessary, care being taken to tie the
fruit bunch on the outside, so as not
to rub against the stake. Almost con-
stant pruning is necessary. Here and
there a large limb will be found which
has escaped attention; it must be torn'
off. The tomato plant will st-i.,l
any amount of breaking and cutting
away without injury. The small-
sized cyclone which swept over Mary-
land and Virginia about the first of
August laid low many fields and
twisted and broken as though they
had been tramped upon.
The tendency of the cutting away of
all limbs is to not only greatly stimu-
late the growth of the single stem.but
to enlarge its leaves, thus furnishiri
sufficient shade for the fruit clusters.
By having the plants in this kind of a
patch tied up close to the stakes, sur-
face scratching of the ground can be
continued long after an ordinary field
hav spread ill over the ground.
The effect of this cultivation is to
force the crop ahead of the rest about
six days, as the strength goes into the
fruit rather than the vine. The toma-
toes grow to a large size. and the fruit
cluster make an almost continuous
line the height of the stake. The fruit
is where it gets plenty of light and
air. and there is no rotting and prac-
tically no sun baking. It is also easily
picked, no time being lost in looking
for ripe fruit.
Several years ago, while in Florida,
I grew over one and one-half acres
of winter tomatoes by this method of
staking and pruning. The result was
all that could have been desired; the
fruit matured evenly and ahead of the
remainder of the field. Standing and
lookirig down the long rows, the vines
standing upright, bushels of fine fruit
were in sight and the general appear-
ance was more that of a little fruit or-
chard of some kind than of a tomato
patch. As the weather got dry these
tomatoes continued bearing good-sized
fruit to the end of their crop, whereas
the ones in the field planted in the us-
ual way produced small second-quality
fruit for less than half value in the
New Yoak market.
With tomatoes bringing from $5.00
down to $2.00 a crate, and with the
size and quality of the fruit an import-
ant factor. this method pays well, but
it is hardly of any practical value in
the Northern tomato field, for the
main crop. However, the plan has a
number of advantages for the home
garden or patch. The tomato is a
vory rank and vigorous grower, and in
the field its root system completely oc-
cupies the soil. With the ordinary
method a great growth of vine is pro-
broke down hundreds of trees and lduerd, and to sustain this require a
limbs. In my family tomato patch not, large amount of moisture. The plant
one plant was left standing after the thrives in a comparatively thin soil,
storm. Every stake was blown down, and the necessity for setting plants
and some of the tomato stalks were wide apart lies aot in an insuffciency
when tIhey h 1- 1 the
growing of J.un;.on &
StoLke se-d-cs. Thcre's
plcuouro ii tlie sowing,
pleasure in t1e growing,
pleasure i-i tic reaping.
Ow.r mnw cwntury-
shows the result attained
by ot hers-rhor i a what ayo
can do. No eaggeratot.
Handsome phftogfraphie U-
lustrattont Yourso FbE
NHJOBNIN &b STOKES,
1ir sad 219 Market sL,
of plant food arising from a too close
intermingling of roots so much as in
a lack of moisture. On a hot day a
vigorous tomato plant will pump out a
large amount of water from the soil.
Even by the time the first blossoms
appear the plant begins to put out
suckers or limbs. and these continue
coming until there are dozens of
branches, constituting a great mass
of vine growth. The staked tomatoes
being a much smaller plant and re-
quiring less miosture, can be planted
closer. If desired. the plant can be
trained to two instead of to a single
stem.-Guy E. Mitchell in Farm and
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
lieve him perfectly .honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by his firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, 0.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken intern-
ly. acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Price
75e per bottle. Sold by all druggists.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
32 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
c ---- ~-.C- -
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THE IDE A T," BR A NDS
-Hh H AVE TH ES E. ""-
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................ $30.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................$30.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE......'..... $30.00 per ton
IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.... .$25.-- er ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I.................$25.to per ton
CORN FERTILIZER................... $2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
pIqf pant brand Blood and Bone 5 17.00 pVw to~o Dmavalsnla OVnn The T1dea Tohbumn Prrtllirz. .44.0 twr %r.