Weekly industrial record
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047910/00231
 Material Information
Title: Weekly industrial record
Portion of title: Industrial record
Physical Description: 19 v. : ill. ; 35 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Turpentine Operators' Association
Publisher: Industrial Record Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: July 1, 1907
Publication Date: -1909
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Lumber trade -- Newspapers -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Naval stores -- Newspapers -- Southern states   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
United States -- Georgia -- Chatham -- Savannah
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1900.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 19, no. 42 (Oct. 25, 1909).
Issuing Body: Official organ of the Turpentine Operators' Association.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 6, no. 1 (Jan. 3, 1903).
General Note: "Dedicated to the naval stores and lumber interests."
General Note: "The exponent of southern progress."
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002658368
notis - ANC5461
oclc - 45459418
lccn - sn 00229571
System ID: UF00047910:00231
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida's financial and industrial record

Full Text


0 1

Immigration Edition











The United States
Porto Rico

El Principe de Gales
Camelias, 3 for 25c
Rothschilds, 1Oc
Creme de la Creme
2 for 25c
Knickerbockers, 15c
Perfectos, 20c
Havana. Blossoms, 5c

If they are not your friends get acquainted with themes


Jacksonvile, Florida

I a a I 2 a 2a a --a--1 4 16 A-t"--- 2 1 -! -4--a t t 21 1 Ail I a"--- tt i a a- a i ta. r a2 a a a a--2 "

SDawson & CO.

Oldest Et-manishned Liquor House
In Jacksonvllme, and still busy



Watch our NMall Order Department.
Your Orders




Wqe want

33 Years

of Success

Tells the Tale

A. C. c.wusrmem n arsmgr.

West Bay Street

Jacksonville, Florida

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Greea River at $4.00 Per Gallon.

Whiskey Without a Headache.


Dawson's Corn Whiskey, $2.50 Galloe.
"The Pride of North Carolina."

1 119

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The RECORD presents in this number facts and figures about
Florida sueeinctly stated, that will appeal to the immigrant, the
home-seeker and the capitalist. The State of Florida perhaps
presents a greater variety of opportunities than any other section
of the United States.
Here virgin soil can be bought for from one to fifty dollars
per acre, according to location, transportation facilities and its
proven adaptability for certain lines of agricultural or horticul-
tural productiveness, and it is safe to say that no other section of
this country affords greater advantages to the man who desires
to make his living and to add to his competence by the tilling of
land. Every crop in Florida is a money crop. Florida's early
vegetables reach the Eastern and Central Western markets before
the vegetables from any other section of the country, and, con-
iequently bring the best prices. Florida's fruits are famed the
world over, and there is no better section for the raising of cotton
and other staple agricultural crops than the territory within her
To the farmer living in the Central West or in the frozen
Northwest, Florida particularly appeals. With a climate that is
healthful, invigorating, and yet with a mean temperature of 40
to 60 degrees in the winter-when the people of the North are
expending their greatest energies in providing fuel to keep warm
-with a healthfulness that is well known throughout the world,
with the very best of water and the very best of school and church
facilities, there is everything to attract and nothing to detract.
These greetings are printed in several languages for the spe-
eille purpose of reaching the thousands of farmers in the North
and West of all nationalities, citizens who form the bulwark
of American civilization and whose eyes are perhaps turned to-
ward the South. We invite their close attention to Florida. We
invite a careful study of every condition that would make an ideal
home, both from a social and a financial standpoint.
Florida offers equally as great advantages to the men of great
wealth who are looking for desirable manufacturing sites. Flor-
ida has the longest seaboard of any State in the Union; sailing
vagMl go direct frmn her deep water ports to all parts of the

world, aind her railroad and coast-wise transportation facilities
are unexcelled by any State in the country. There are hundreds
of manufacturing enterprises that could be established in Florida,
not only to the ordinary advantage of the manufacturer, but to
a peculiar advantage, for the reason that their plants would be
nearer the base of supplies for the raw material. Sugar plants
could flourish in Florida as well or better than they do in Louisi-
ana. There is perhaps more palmetto fiber and other fiber that is
used and could be used in all grades of paper in Florida that
could be procured for practically nothing than in any other
State in the Union. There is more to attract the manufacturer of
pine products in Florida than in any other State; there is more
to attract the manufacturer of furniture and office devices and
various articles made from hardwoods here than in any other
State in the Union. Florida's close proximity to Cuba pats her
in close touch with one of the greatest mahogany fields in the
world, and these are only a few of the large and varied number
of factories that could be established for profit in Florida.
Cattle raising in Florida is one of its principal industries, and
as yet it is practically in its infancy. With climatic conditions
favorable and with hundreds of thousands of acres of range
lands, the ranchman can succeed just as well in Florida as he can
in the territories and the plains of the Southwest. The raising
of blooded cattle is quite as profitable.
Florida is to-day the greatest naval stores producing State
in the country; it is the greatest cigar-manufacturing State in
the Union; it is the most productive yellow pine State; it is the
most famous citrus fruit State in the Union; it is the most famous
vegetable growing State in the Union; it is the State of great op-
portunities and yet undeveloped resources.
The RECORD will take great pleasure in answering any
specific question regarding the State and her vast opportunities
and resources, and in this our greeting to the readers of this num-
ber, we hope that they will avail themselves of the opportunity to
write us fully and freely regarding the State, and what she
offers to the immigrant farmer, the home-seeker and the manu-

To the Thousands of Readers of this

Special Immigration Edition of the

Industrial Record, Greeting:

- -------------------------------------->-----------


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Issues all the standard forms of Life Insurance. The policies are simple, liberal and as low priced as
safety will permit. The rates, privileges and benefits are plainly written in the policy and are absolutely
The Prudential has assets of over $127,000,000, with liabilities of less than $107,000,000, and
a surplus of more than $18,000,000. The great success of this company has been due to conservative,
yet thoroughly progressive management; liberal and just treatment of policyholders and the complete ful-
fillment of its contracts.
If you seek protection for your family, a profitable plan of saving, or to accumulate a fund to educate
your children, The Prudential has the policy that you want.

Residents of Florida, and especially young men. who seek a profitable business
consider an agency connection with The Prudential.

opening, are invited to

- 1. =... ~ ~

--- -------------usu ees. -m m -- -

The Prudential Insurance Company of America
Incorporated as a stock company by the State of New Jersey.
JOHN F. DRYDEN, President. Home Offce: NEWARK, N. J.

Rooms 407-409 West Building.

Jacksonville, Florida.

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bMtrf fteitttfttn Cinwan.bertng nummtr

unferen ut'fb!

er ,,9ecorb" legt in torliegenber summer in fafIidcer Shiire eine
Wenge t~atiaten mub 3iffern fiber jIoriba bar, bie nid)t berfeblen fin-
nen, bas Znterekfe be imtmanberers, Wnfieblers unb Papitaliften toad-
arufen. foriba bitfte tielfeitigere Oelegenbeiten Sum aortfommen
bieten, atI irgenb ein anberer beil ber Union.
Man famn Oier iungfftulid)en toben je nad) bet 2age, ber t ranS'
pottgdegenbeit unb ber betvobrten Zaug[id)feit bes Bobeno 3u bettimm-
ten labtuirtbfcdaftlid)n Rulturen unb fciner irud)tbarfeit al (Sartcn-
lanb ffi 1 big 50 Toliars ben 'Ader crfteben unb es barf mobil bebauptet
terben, bab e in 3Imerita fine (fegenb gicbt, bie bemienigen, ber burd)
Wderba lein Srot nu berbienen ober fein Bermoni en ,u mebren triinfd)t,
beffert !ortbeile bietet. 'n u Ioriba ift j e b e r cdfcrbubetrieb eintraiig
lii. eeine rfilgemfiie treffen auf ben 'iirften bes Cftens unb bes
mittleren %eftens eber ein, alI bie (enmiife irgenb eineo anberen Sanbeso
tbciIle unb erielen folglid) einen biberen ireis. 2ein Cbit ift welit
bertiimt unb ZSaumrofle unb Ianbtirtbfd)aftlid)c Stapelartifel gebeiben
nirgeab beffer al6 bier.
aIoriba empfiefbt fid) namentlid) ben Aarmern bee mittleren ~cftenS
unb boben, eifig fallen ?orbtoeftenS. o baos lima frtiftigenb unb ber
efunnbbeit autraigid) ift bie burd)fd)nittlid)e alintertemperatur i (dtanft
nmifen 40 unb 60 0rab 5., toi[renb man im Worben ieine graft unb
mnergie berbraudt, um euerung fiir'# Oau an3 be~dfaffen unb fidb
bel[al in ber ganaen Welt einer Beriibmtheit erfreut; too man bas befte
StZrinfdaffer bat, bie beaten (dulen unb bie beaten .irdpen, ba liecen bie
Serblltniffe fderlid) to giinftig, wie ie nur liegen finnen unb 9iemanb
folte fid) obne Beiteres ab menben.
Sir geben biefen %runb in berfd)iebenen Spradyen wieber, fiir bie
Taunfebe farmer jeber Wationalitiit in Worb unb Seft, bic Siirger, bie
bal Sofllert ber amneritanifden i ~iliation bilben unb bie nieilcidit ben
fiiben in WA ge gefabt baben. Siefe Iaben toir ein, bie Sor3iige glori.
bas eingebeb at ftubiren unb ale Umftanbe forgfditig Su erwcigen, bie
boat gefelligen unb pefunifren Stanbpunft baSu beitragen, ein ibeales3
.-eibm u fgafitfe
gloriba bietet nidt minber grofSe 93ortteile bem (ebmanne, bet bem

&abrifbetriebe feine lufmerflamfeit auautenben ~Diinfdt. Rein Staat
befitt eine ausgbebntere Weerefuiifte al4 aloriba. Wu? feinen Zief.
toofferbifen Iaufen egeffd)iffe bireft nad) alien SeIttibeien an unb bie
RIiftenfd)ifffabrt ober 6ifenbabngelegenbeit, bie eS befitt, tnirb bon feinem
anberen Etaate iibertroffen. LY giebt iunberte Sabrifbetriebe, telde in
jloriba mit umfo griiberenm uten fiir ben Tabrifanten eingerid)tet tuer.
ben fannen, alo bier feine unlagen fid) in niidfter W iie ber Sob[toffe
befinben. ,3uderplantagen finnen in lIoriba ebento gut gebeiben, toie
in 2ouifiana, wo nid)t nod) beffer. LS giebt bier oobl melr Salmetto-
unb vaferftoffe anberer Wrt, toeld)e Sur Sapierbereitung beerenbet oer.
ben, ober fid) bo ab b berwenben laffen, al in iebem anberen Staate
ber Union. 'loriba bictet bem tabrifanten bon vrobuften au? Zannen.
bol.3 3ortbeile, mie fein anberer Staat fie bietet, toie aud bem
'i7Ibelfabrifanten ober benm abrifanten her tielen (egenftanbe, bic au#
.artbols bergeftellt woerben. lurd) feine geringe entfernung bon (uba
ift co mit ciner her grii ten Wobagoni-'PeugSquelen ber @rbe in engiter
Seriibning. TaS c inb inbet nur einige wenige Wanufafturatoeige, teld)e
in rloriba leMiinnbringenb eingefiibrt terben finnen.
Tie 3ieb3ud)t ift mit eine .Oauptinbuftrie ~oribao unb ftedt bod) nod)
in ben Minberifduden. Tie ungemein giinftigen flimatifd)en SerbidItniffe
unb ,)unberttaufenbe ?cfer E cibeIanb fid)ern ben rrfolg beS Sicbaiid)=
terms bier ebenfo wie bic beenn unb sebiete im n iibtoeften. Tie 3iid)tung
bon 3ud)tlieb lobnt fid) bier nid)t minber.
3loriba ift beute ber J.autfttaat fiir bie r eugung bon Sdcififbc
biirfniffen. t5 ift ber bcbeutenbfte Gigarren fabrigirenbe Staat ber lnion.
es ift ber bebeutenbfte Ztaat fiir bie Gr3eugung ber Eitruufrudite. e,
ift her beriihmtefte Ztaat fiir ben (emiifebau. (S ift ber (taat groter
(Oelegenbeiten unb nod) nid)t entoaidelter .1iilfquelIen.
Ter ,,Necorb" beantwortet gerne iebe befonbere unfrage, bie lloriba
unb beffen ungebeuere gelfourcen unb Sortbeile betrifft, unb inbem wit
benm efer borliegenber Wummer unferen (rub entbieten, terleiben mir
her toffnung 9u(ubrud, baf berfelbe bon biefer (elegenbeit, unn urn ein-
gebenbe uffd)liiffe iiber biefen Staat unb ba, tw~S er benm intmanberer,
benm Sud)er eines eigenen ,eim unb benm abritanten bietet, anaugeben,
ben auogiebigften Oebroudi madden.

IV(IC~""'UI"I"'"''"~'Y~'1"~`~--------- "'------------------ -~



,,3nbuttrial Recovb"


National Bank

of Jacksonville,

Boi H. Barnett, President

G. R. DeSaussure, Cashier.

Ca sl asd S.p Over *900.000.00
Deposits Over S4,000,000.00
United Statr, Stact, Cousm and
C04 Depoitry.

Iniivi"l, Firm nd Crprate account
sHcited. To thee desirin iteret oa
their surp fnds the bank wffl iue its
Certicats of Deposit bearing teret at
the ate of 3 per cent if left Ninety days
oa hlger or 4 per cent if left oe year.


Jacksonville Development Company
Handle of High-Clah City, Suburban, Fruit, Vegetale, Tobacco and General Farm Lands in Florida. Uasy
term to all purchasers.
Jacksonville, Florida
Incorporated under the Laws of Florida.
President, EDWIN BROBSTON, Real Estate, senior member of the firm of Brobston & Co., and director in various
First Vice-President, W. B. OWEN, lawyer, capitalist, and vice-president Commercial Bank.
Second Vice-President, JOHN J. UPCHURCH, manufacturer of lumber, naval stores and banker.
Secretary-Treasurer, J. A. HOLLOMON, vice-president Industrial Record Publishing Co., vice-president Tampa
Bay Land Co., and director in various corporations.

Edwin Brobston, President of the Company.
J. A. Hollomon, Secretary-Treasurer of the Company.
W. B. Owen, First Vice-President of the Company.
John J. Upchurch, Second Vice-President of the Company.
C. E. Garner, President of the Florida National Bank and the Jacksonville Board of Trade.
R. L. Dowling, Vice-President and General Manager of the Dowling Lumber and Naval Stores Co., and Vice-
President of the Live Oak, Perry & Gulf Railroad.
W. R. Carter, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Metropolis.
D. H. MeMillan, Vice-President of the Consolidated Naval Stores Co., and Director Florida National Bank.
W. B. Conoley, capitalist.
Walter P. Corbett, General Agent Prudential Life Insurance Co.
A. M. Ives, Treasurer City of Jacksonville and Director Florida National Bank.
Raymond D. Knight, Merchant, Jacksonville, Hla.
John H. Henderson, Secretary and Treasurer of the Hillman-Sutherland Co., Jacksonville, Fla.


Alle Migliaia di Lettori di Questo Numero

Special dell' "Industrial Record"

riguardante I'lmmigrazione:

iseesasasasasasmwJsasssesmssss##########ssssssssasssassmsssa as sa de

In questo numero del "RECORD" vengono esposti brevemente
fatti e cifre riguardanti la Florida, e questi fatti e queste cifre sono
come un appello all'immigrante, sia a colui il quale mira a formarsi
una casa come al capitalist. Lo stato della Florida offre senza dubbio
molte opportunity' piu' di qualsiasi altra region degli Stati Uniti.
Quivi il terreno vergine puo' essere comprato per un prezzo va-
riante da uno a cinquanta dollar per acre, second la localita', i mezzi
di trasporto, e la sua provata idoneita' per certi determinati prodotti
agricoli, e si puo' con sincerita' affermare che nessun'altra region di
questa nazione offre maggiori vantaggi all'uomo che desidera vivere
agiatamente coltivando la terra. Ogni raccolto della Florida e' una
sorgente di lucro. I primi vegetali della Florida giungono sui mercati
dell'Est e su quelli dell'Ovest Centrale prima dei vegetali cresciuti in
qualsiasi altra region, e, per conseguenza, i )oro prezzi sono molto
alti I frutti della Florida sone conosciuti in tutto il mondo, ne' esiste
una region per la coltivazione del cotone e di altri prodotti agricoli
utili per l'allevamento del bestiame che sia migliore del terreno com-
preso fra i suoi confini.
La Florida e' maggiormente raccomandata agli agricoltori che
vivono nell'Ovest Centrale o nelle gelide region del Nord-Ovest. Con
un clima salutare e rinvigorante, quantunque la temperature in tempo
d'inverno sia dai 40 ai 6o gradi-mentre nelle stesso period di tempo
gli abitanti del Nord spendono le loro migliori energie per provvedersi
i combustibili per resistere al freddo,-con una salubrita' conosciuta
ovunque, con la migliore acqua e con i migliori mezzi per frequentare
la scuole e piacevole il soggiorno in quella region.
Questo rapporto e' pubblicato in parecchie lingue allo scopo
specific di giungere fino alle migliaia di agricoltori di tutte le nazio-
nalita' che risiedono negli Stati del Nord e dell'Ovest, cittadini che
sono il baluardo della civilta' Americana, i cui occhi sono forse rivolti
al Sud. Noi richiamiamo la loro attenzione sulla Florida, e li invitia-
mo a studiare accuratamente ogni condizione per una casa ideale, sia
dal punto di vista social come da quello finanziario.
La Florida offre ugualmente grand vantaggi agli uomini che di-
spongono di mezzi, i quali vanno in cerca di siti idonei per impian-
tarvi manifatture. La Florida ha il piu' lungo litorale di qualsiasi stato
ddlUTnione, e i vascelli vanno direttamente dai suoi porti a tutte le

parti del mondo, e le sue stade ferrate e i suoi mezzi di trasporto lungo
le coste non sono superati da nessun altro stato. Vi sono centinaia
di intraprese industrial che possono essere stability nelle Florida, le
quali non solamente apportano all'industriale gli ordinary vantaggi, ma
anche apportano vantaggi special, per il fatto che le loro sedi sareb-
bero piu' vicine alla sorgente della material greggia. La canna da
zticchero puo' essere coltivata nella Florida cosi bene, se non meglio,
che nella Louisiana. Nelle Florida vi e' forse palmetto o altre piante
fibrose, che sono usate o che potrebbero usate per la formazione di tutte
le quality' di carta, piu' che in qualsiasi altro stato dell'Unione. Vi
sono piu' attractive per il manifatturiere di prodotti di pino nella
Florida anziche in qualsiasi altro stato; vi sono nella Florida pin' attrat-
tive per il manifatturiere di mobiglia da casa e da ufficio o dei vari altri
articoli fatti con legname duro anziche' in qualsiasi altro stato
dell'Unione. La vicinatiza della Florida all'isola di Cuba la mette in
immediate contatto con uno dei piu' grand campi di mogano del
mondo; e queste sono solamente alcune delle molte e svariate fattorie
che potrebbero essere stability nella Florida a scopo di lucro.
L'allevamento del bestiame nella Florida e' una delle sue indu-
strie principal, e tuttavia trovasi ancora sul nascere. Disponendo di
eccellenti condizioni climatiche e di centinaia di migliaia di acri atti
all'allevamento del bestiame, gli agricoltori possono ottenere nella
Florida gli stessi success che si ottengono nei terreni del Sud-Ovest.
L'allevamento del bestiame di razza e' ugualmente proficuo.
La Florida e' oggi lo stato che fornisce la maggiore quantita' di
legname per le costruzioni navali tra tutti gli Stati Uniti, e' il pin'
grande stato per la produzione dei sigari, e' lo stato piu' produttivo
di pino giallo, e' lo stato piu' famoso per la produzione dei cedri, e'
io stato piu' famoso per la produzione di vegetali, e' lo stato che offre
maggiori opportunity' e risorse non ancora sviluppate.
II "RECORD" sara' ben lieto di rispondere a qualsiasi domanda
specific riferentesi a questo Stato e alle sue vaste opportunity' e ri-
sorse, e, mandando un saluto ai lettori di questo numero, speriamo
che essi sappiano avvalersi dell'opportunita' i4 scriverci a lungo e
con franchezza relativamente a questo stato e a cio' che esso offre
all'agricoltore, all'industriale e a chi intended formarsi una casa.

I- ---- -



Offer you several tracts of virgin Long
Leaf Yellow Pine, ranging in tracts from
9,000 to 70,000 acres, which we have
thoroughly investigated and can person-
ally recommend.
We have also several very desirable mill
properties both with and without mills.

If You
Wish to dispose of your timber send us
full description and plats, and we will ex-
amine it at once, and if found satisfactory
we can dispose of it for you.



Successors To
Brobston, Fendig & Co.,
216 W. Forsyth Street, Jacksonville, Florida.
i ------- some- I a* ----- -----



till dt e useude Eisare af DOMl Specla

Emigrahouos hummer af tidskriften

.Euaauu&ruil liorna"v E6Ilaini 4

*EW9a EW f'~V W

Tidskriften RECORD presentarar nu i detta nummer fakta och
siffror angiende staten Florida, i korthet framstalda, hvilka aro till-
talande f5r emigranten, hemsokaren och kapitalisten. Staten Florida
foreter kanske storre antal f6rdelaktiga tillfallen an nigon annan del
af Forenta Staterna.
Hir kan fruktbar jord kopas for ett pris af fran en till femtio
dollars per acre, beroende af lige, fordelaktiga transport tillfallig-
heter samt jordens limplighet fir visst slag af jordbruk eller tridgirds-
skotsel och kan med tillf6rlitlighet pistis, att ingen annan del af detta
land erbjuder storre fordelar for en man, som onskar gora sitt lefver-
ne och 6ka sin egendom genom brukandet af jorden. Hvarje groda
i Florida ir inkomstbringande. Floridas tidiga grbnsaker hinna den
Ostra och Mellersta Vestra narknaden forrin gronsakerna fran nigon
annan del af landet, och foljaktligen inbringa de bista priser. Floridas
frukter aro ryktbara 6fver hela verlden och gifves det icke fordel-
aktigare delar i landet for odlandet af bomull eller andra vanliga
jordbruksalster in landet inom dess grAnser.
F6r farmaren, son lefver uti den Mellersta. Vestern eller den
frusna Nordvestern, horde Florida vara synnerligen tilltalande. Med
ett klimat, som ir bide hilsosamt och styrkande fast medeltempera-
turen vintertid ir fran 40 till 6o grader-di folk uti Norden till det
yttersta strifva till att forse sig med brinsle, for att hlla sig varma-
med en hilsa, hvilken ir vil kind ofver hela verlden, med det allra
bista vatten samt de basta tillfallen till skolor och kyrkor, eller med
allting tilltalande och intet fOrtalande.
Dessa hilsningar iro tryckta pa flere olika sprAk specielt i
afseende att ni tusende farmare af alla nationaliteter uti Norden och
Vestern, medborgare hvilka bilda kirnan af. Amerikansk civilization
och hvilkas 6gon mojligen iro vanda mot Sodern. Vi onska fista
deras noggranna uppmarksamhet till Florida. Vi tillrida ett omsorgs-
fullt iakttagande utaf alia forhallanden, som hjelpa till att uppsatta
ett monstergillt hem bide i socielt och ekonomiskt afseende.
Florida erbjuder fullkomligt lika stora fordelar for formogna
min, hvilka sika efter forminliga platser for industriella inrittningar.

Florida har den langsta kuststrickan fore nfgon annan stat i Unionen;
segelfartyg kunna afgu direkt frin dess djupa hammar till alla delar
af verJden, och iro dess resurser i afseende a jernvigs oth kust-
transportation 6fverligsna hvarje annan stats uti landet. Hundrade
fabriksinrattningar kunde etableras uti Florida till hista fordel for
fabriksegaren ocksi derfore, att hans fabriksinrittning skulle vara nira
hufvudplatsen f6r hans rimaterialier. Sockerfabriker kunde drifvas
i Elorida lika forminligt och med storre fordel in i staten Lousiana.
I Florida forekommer kanske mer palmetto fiber och andra rorvixter,
som anvindes och kunde anvindas for tillverkandet af alla slags
papperssorter, som kunde atkommas for nistan intet, in uti nigon
annan stat af Unionen. Dir forekommer storre fordelar for fabri-
koren af produkter utaf furu in i nigon annan stat; fabrikoren af
mobel for kontor och andra indamil forfirdigade af hirda tridslag
skulle hafva fordelaktigare tillfillen i Florida, an uti nigon annan
stat i landet. Floridas nira lige till Cuba stiller den i nira beroring
med verldens rikaste mahogony filt; dessa uppriknade iro endast
nigra af det stora antal fabriksinrittningar utaf olika slag, hvilka med
fordel kunde etableras i staten Florida.
Boskapsafvel i Florida ir en af dess fOrnimsta' niringsgrenar
ehuru annu i sin linda. Med de klimatiska konditionerna si forman-
liga samt med hundrade tusende acres betesmarker, kunde boskapsa-
flaren lyckas i Florida likaval, som uti territorierna och slatterna af
sydvestern. Uppfodandet af fullblodiga notkreatur ir mycket 16nande.
Nlorida ar idag den vigtigaste forn6denhets producenten for
tlottans rakning; den ar den fornamsta staten uti Unionen, hvar
cigarrer fabriceras; gul furutimmer eller "yellow pine" forekommer
dar uti storre ymighet in andra state; den ir den mest beryktade
staten i Unionen for citrus fruktodling; de tidigaste och basta gron-
saker odlas hir fore nigon annan stat i landet; det ir en stat med
stora gynsamma tillfallen samt innu outvecklade hjelpkillor.
Tidskriften Record vill med storsta blredvillighet besvara alla
speciella forfrigningar rorande staten och dess otaliga hjelpkillor
och resurser och uti denna halsning till lisarne af detta summer
hoppas vi, att de vilja begagna sig af detta tillfalle samt fullkomligt
fritt skrifva till oss r6rande staten och hvad den erbjuder den,
emigrerande jordbrukaren, hemsokaren och fabrikanten.


Q------------------------------ -----

..McMillan Bros..



Fayetteville, N. C. Savannah, Ga.

Mobile, Ala.

Southern Copper


Manufacturers of

Turpentine Stills
Complete Outfits and Extra Kettles,
Caps, Arms, Worms, Firnace Doors
and Grates Always on Hand.

Old Stills "in m *Parpaen for
NEW WORK and Repair-
ing Done in the Country.

Heavy Coppersmithing, Steam Pipe and
Special Copper Work.

-- ----------- ----------------------------- ---------- 890------

Thoe. G. Hutchinson. C. P. A.. President.
Fellow American Association
Pulic Accountants
M. A. Hutchinson. Secretary-Treasurer
Phone 312. Dyal-Upchurch Bldg.

David H. Dole. Vice-Preldent
General Counsel
John A. Hanebrough, C. P. A., Manager
Tampa. Florida, Office

Capital $25,000.

Public Accountants and Auditors

We examine, audit, open, close, write up and design books, and
install simple and accurate systems for public officials, Munici-
palities, Corporations, Partnerships, Executors, Administlators,
Trustees, Banks, Cigar Factories, Sawmills, Naval Stores, Capital-
ists and Promoters Accounts.



Correspondence with Banks end Bankers, who desire more thorough audits than it is cus-
tomary for National or State Bank Examiners to make, is invited.



Florida Has Superior Advantages

Over All Other States in the Union

Florida holds out or offers to that person who desires to cast his lot with her and become a citizen,
more advantages than any other State in the Union, from almost any standpoint that would be of benefit to the
person desiring citizenship.
Florida is the most southern portion of the United States; Florida is a peninsula, with a coast line aggregat-
ing about 11,000 miles, bordering on the Gulf of Mexico a distance, including the bays and entrances to rivers
and keys and mainland, about 600 miles, and on the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean about 500 miles.
The Gulf of Mexico is a warm body of water and the Gulf Stream, running close to the eastern shore of Flor-
ida, is warmer than it is at any other point where it touches any land in this country or in Europe.
In the southern portion of this State crops can be grown the year 'round, and a greater diversity of crops can
be grown than in any other State; it costs less to start business and to build houses here than in any other State
in the Union at this time, and the workman commands as high wages here as in any State. In fact, our natural
advantages, taking into consideration our abundant fish and oyster supply, the salubrity of the climate and the
greater ease with which one can secure a living, add to our advantages when contrasted with those of any of the
other States, and I cannot help but believe that we would have our choice of immigrants were they not landed
so far away, and were it not for the fact that we have no agents and no bureau advertising Florida's advantages.
N. B. BROWARD, Governor.









- - - Florida.

The Florida National Bank




of Jacksonville.
C. E. GARNER. President.
ice-President. Vice-Pesident.
Cashier. G. J. AVENT, Asst. Cashier.

I eem.::.e e----********-m---m-s

Peninsulal- and Occidental SteamsAi Co.
Luxurious train service to ship side. Finest Express Steam-
ships in Southern Waters. One night at sea from Miami, or Port
Tampa to-
Through tickets, including meals and stateroom berths, on
sale at all railway stations. All tickets allow stop-over privileges
in Florida. Ask for our free booklet. For reservations write 'or
wire Ticket Agents at Port Tampa or Miami, Florida.
P. J. AUNDERS, Traffic Agent, CHAS. L. MYBR, Manaer,
Jacksonville, Florida. '

Go at Once

With Capital and Live Men Behind It

Cecil Wilcox, President
Duncan U. Fletcher, First Vice-President
David Warrington, Second Vice-President


Fred T. Barnett, Attorney
Charles T. Paxon, Secretary
Walter C. Warrington, Treasurer.

Directors: Cecil Wilcox, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred T.
Barnett, W. C. Warrington
The Highway Development Company, incorporated under the laws of Florida, capitalized at $250,000--126,000 common and
$125,000 preferred stock, and now offers $50,000 of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent per annum or more.
The company's plan, evolved after much careful study, is "practical cooperation" the investor receiving his 10 per cent or more
and the borrower paying 3 per cent less than the prevailing interest rates now charged. Example-The company may loan cp to
66 2-3 per cent of the value of Improved real estate, and take back $1,5(0 for every $1,000 loaned on 10 years' time, in monthly
payments cf $12.50'each.
$1,000 at 5 per eent. for 10 years, Interest ...................... $500
Principal .... ........................ .. .. .. ..... ..... ... .000
Total... ........... .......... .. ........................ .. $
One uNdMred and twenty nmnthy payments of $12.50 each. Prefered Stock Advances 25 per cent July IS, 1907.
FW futher Inftration apply at once to




------------------------------'---'------ --

The Ensign Lumber Co:



io8 West Forsyth Street


t -

Jacksonville, Fla.


Governor Hoke Smith of Georgia

7 Discusses Immigration.

Goovernor Hoke Smith, of Georgia,
who has taken actively in hand in the
matter of desirable immigration to Geor-
gia in particular, and to the Southeast in
general, and who recently visited various
places in Europe to make a practical study
of the situation, has authorized the fol-
lowing interview for the special Immigra-"
tion Number of the Industrial Record:
"While Mr. Jordan, Major Williamson
and I made our visit to Europe upon our
own responsibility, giving our own time
and each bearing his own expenses, I
feel that the people should know at what
our efforts were directed, and substan-
tially what we have done," began Mr.
"With reference to the subject of im-
migration to Georgia, I wish it distinctly
understood that while no one feels a
deeper interest than myself in the general
prosperity and development of the state, 1
wold not be willing to help bring emi-
grants to Georgia who might increase the
wealth of the state, if by so doing their
presence would lessen the opportunities of
the masses who depend for their support
upon their labor. Men dependent for a
livelihood upon daily, weekly and month-
ly work may be injured by the presence
of an excessive number of their own class
seeking work. But, on the other hand,
the lack of a sufficient labor force to de-
velop the resources of the state is calcu-
lated to leave the resources dormant and
the laboring people,'as well as the state in
its entirety, must then suffer. This lat-
ter is the condition which I see ahead of
us in Georgia, and it will grow worse year
by year unless a remedy is provided.
Can Procure Desirable Eigrants.
"My visit to Europe has satisfed me
that we can procure a class of emigrants
who will be satisfactory to our present
white citizens, and that there is no dan-
ger from any excessive influx into Geor-
gia of emigrants, no matter how active
may be the efforts to obtain them.
"The British government is at work
seeking to turn all immigration from
gland, beotland and Ireland to the Eng-
lish colonies. It is also seeking foreign
immigration for its colonies.
"The French rarely leave France. Ger-
many is most prosperous and is drawing
from other states more new citizens than
she is losing. Norway and Sweden have
already been well drained.
"The Italian government, on account of
the recent great exodus, has passed string-
ent laws to prevent the presence of emi-
grant agents, and is taking steps to pre-
vent as far as possible her citizens from
leaving Italy.
"British America, Africa, South Asia,
and Australia are seeking emigrants front
"These conditions are a part of the sit-
uation to be considered. In spite of them
some of the more intelligent citizens oi
Europe, who contemplate leaving, can be
shown, by the proper presentation of th"
opportunities furnished in the South, that
this section offers an inviting place for
"Mr. Jordan, Major Williamson and I,
together with the ladies, landed at Bre-
men. We visited Bremen, Hamburg, Ber-
lin, Dresden and Vienna. We then sepa-
rated. I went from Switzerland to Paris,
and from Paris to England.
Oman Transportation.
"We saw and discussed with the con-
trolling men of several large ocean trans-
portation companies the esoirces of Geor
gia, and the possibilities of this part of
the South, including the adjoining states.
We did the same thing with a number
of representative men interested in large
industrial and commercial enterprises
"We sought to give them a proper con-
ception of our section and its future. We
found them, as a rule, distressingly unac-
quainted with the resources of our section,
and, to a considerable extent, imbued with
mistaken unfavorable information.

"We especially sought to relieve their
impressions about our climate, to let them
understand the great advantages and the
future of a section richly endowed by na-
ture, and to let them know that we have
a climate unusually pleasant and healthy,
furnishing an opportunity for work all the
year around.
"Our effort with them was to stimulate
an interest in investment and direct trad-.
We dwelt upon the possibilities of our
ports as points for shipment of American
products to Europe and European products
to America, and we emphasized the oppor-
tunity for transportation from the Missis-
sippi river to Savannah and Brunswiek

porting firm of Hamburg will visit Geor-
gia to study the canning industry with
a view of promoting the establishment of
large canneries in this state, the products
to be handled by his Hamburg firm for dis-
tribution in Europe.
"We sought through the press, as far
as possible, to accomplish similar work to
that which we were doing by private con-
"With regard to passenger service, I
am confident that within the next few
months E ropean steamers will begin land-
ing at Savannah at stated intervals tf
from 30 to 60 days apart. These vessel,
will furnish an opportunity for emigrant-

Hon. Hoke Smith, Governor of Georgia.

and by these ports to Bremen, Hamburg.
and other European ports, and also of the
advantages of shipments from Europe
through Savannah and Brunswick to thi
We urged that the company or com-
panies first realizing the situation and es-
tablishing business relations would hold
the desirable position in future, and I he-
heve we may confidently rely upon efforts
not heretofore made by foreign ocean
transportation companies to engage in di
reet trade through Georgia ports.
Advertised Georgia's Advantage.
"We sought to advertise the advan-
tages, so far as the manufacture of cot
ton was concerned, of locating the factory
where the cotton grows, and we dwelt up-
on the agricultural products of the section
other than cotton, especially upon fruits
and vegetables. The people of Europe
largely use canned food.
"Illustrating what we had in view, it is
interesting to know that within the next
few weeks a representative of a large im-

to come directly to Georgia ports and go
from them into our state or surrounding
states wherever they prefer to settle.
The Desirable Class.
"We reached the conclusion that the
class of emigrants whom we should prin-
cipally seek are Germans residing in Aus-
tria and southern Russia. I was myselt
astonished to find how large a population
of pure-blooded Germans are found in
Austria and in southern Russia. They still
speak the German language. They, as a
rule, are members of the Lutheran church.
They are a fine type of people, industrious,
sober and law-abiding. Quite a number are
emigrating to Germany proper, where con-
ditions are more favorable.
"They are ready to leave Austria and
southern Russia because of the mere nom-
inal pay which they receive for their work,
and because of their inability to become
land owners.
"They are at work uion farms and in
factories. The lack of diversified indus-
tries helps to make the pay which they

receive for their labor almost nominal.
"As farmers, they show a marked ca-
pacity for improving their lands. Th-
limited amount of land that any one can
control and high rents keep the tenant
farmer in a condition of poverty.
"While from other parts of Europe a
small number of desirable emigrants may
come to us, it is from the sections named
that I think a substantial result can be
brought about. I do not ;avor an effort to
bring wholesale even these people into our
state. I do believe that by a sympathetic
effort we could induce of the class refer-
red to a reasonable number to settle
amongst us during the ne-t tew years.
"These men located with their families
and homes in our state would in subse-
quent years gradually ibing such an in-
crease of white population into Georg'a
as the conditions of the state might re-
'The German farmer, whether in the
Fatherland or in Austria, is a successful
producer of small crops of grain and grass
es. of beef, mutton, butter and cheese.
They are, also. fine fruit growers.
"The opportunity is open for such work
in Georgia. Their presence would help
stimulate a line of diversified agriculture
which would attract more attention aWn
use more energies of tl:. present cotton
growers than the energies which the new-
comers would give to cotton growing.
The Plan of Campaig.
"The proper mode of seeking their pres-
ence in Georgia should '!% by printing in
the German language information to be
distributed systematically among them,
in part of our immediate work from Geor-
gia, and in part through the passenger
agents of the ocean navigation companies
located in Europe.
"This information about Georgia should
be local in its nature, applying to partic-
ular counties and particular lines of wort
in the particular counties where the pe. -
pie of those counties already feel the ne-d
of additional white population.
"1 know that we can enlist the co-ope:-
ation of certain ocean transportation com-
panies to aid us in this work. The agita-
tion of the desire for immigration in Geor-
gia has already advertised the resources
of the state to a considerable extent, both
in Europe and in the United States. If w-
continue the work we will receive a cer-
tain amount of scattering immigration
from different parts of Europe other than
that which we receive immediately from
the localities towards which we especially
direct our efforts.
"We will, also, receive immigration
from the middle west. On my return
home today, I found in my mail a number
of letters from parties in the middle wes:
desiring information aLout coming to
Georgia. I will turn the letters over to
Mr, Betjeman that he may put them in
in communication with parties in Georg;-.
localities who have written him on the
subject of their desire to have immigrants
with them.
The general immigration which we re-
ceive from Europe and from the United
States will be, I trust largely of a class
who will come with sor.e money, either
to invest in business or in agriculture.
"This is the general line which we
sought to present in Europe and towards
which our efforts were bent. We let it
be distinctly understood that the indis-
criminate emigrant would not be welcome
in Georgia. that *we were seeking to plant
a limited number of high type immi-
grants throughout the state, not alone for
the immediate wants, but that their su -
cess may help supply us as years pass by
with more of their own class to meet the
growing necessities which are sure to exist.
"While I said at the outset that the trip
was entirely upon our personal responsibi'
ity, yet 1 wish all Georgians interested is
this subject to have a clear conception of
what is sought that they may intelligeni-
ly determine whether they desire in par
ticular localities to utilize the movqoogt,~




The Developer of the South.

The Industrial Department of the SEABOARD AIR LINE
RAILWAY can tell you about the many advantages offered
for profitable investment along its lines and tributary thereto,
We heve the largest Phosphate and Fullers Earth Min-
ing Plants, Tobacco Fields, Market Gardens and Strawberry
Fields in the United States and yet there are lands contain-
ing the semie elements of productiveness.left for future de-
I velopment eand we invite correspondence with the Capital-
ist and Home-Seeker, or better yet, their personal inspection
of our territory.
WILD LANDS suitable for Stock Range, Pecan and
Peach Orchards can be bought cheap.

General Industrial Agent, Assistant General Industrial Agent

__ ___~_


Reasons Why Domestic and Foreign Immigrants

Should Seek Homes in the South
By HON. E. J. WATSON, Comrmisioner Agriculture, Commerce and Immiration. of South Carolia.

In the light of personal knowledge of
conditions abroad, in other sections of this
and in the productive South, in the light
of a knowledge of the ambitions and de-
sires of the homeseeker from the frozen
North and from the countries of Europe,
in the light of a knowledge of the unsur-
pased opportunities that the South of-
fers for agricultural, industrial and com-
merial development, a development that
has made strides in the last twenty years
S that have broken records and astonished
the world, I, as one interested in the wel-
fare of the newcomer wish to answer in
the strongest affirmative I can possibly
give the following questions-questions
that have been asked me a thousand
Does the South want immigrants and
homeseekers from other sections of this
country I
Will such people be welcomed and have
the fostering care of the state thrown
around them, protecting them in their
rights and advising them against disad-
vantageous purchases of property?
Are there opportunities for success in
agriculture sad other lines of endeavor
that cannot be found in such abundance in
other sections of the world?
Are the health conditions in the South-
era States good and are these conditions
such that the man from a cold climate
can become acclimated without danger?
Are laborers to till the soil and operate
manufacturing plants of all kinds needed
and is there an abundance of work to be
Are the wages good and can a man
working at the South's scale save more
by the end of the year than he can work-
ing in the jast at the East's sale?
Do the opportunities offered the new-
comer extend to all branches of industry,
instead of being confined to only one or
Are transportation facilities for passen-
gers and for the shipping of products to
the market good?
Are the educational advantages good
and are these advantages extended to the
children of the newcomers
Are poultry raising, fruit growing,
trucking, dairying and such industries
Are tract of land obtainable in quan-
tity at reasonable prices, and can such
tracts be purchased on time?
Has a man without means the opportun-
ity to begin to earn his farming homestead
from the first week of his arrival?
Are the Southern States as states seek-
ing desirable settlers for the purpose of
peopling their unoccupied areas of agri-
cultural lands
Do the manufacturers pay particular at-
tention to welfare work in the effort to
surround their employes with attractive
conditions and elevate their moral, social
and intellectual conditions?
Are the profits large for the industrious
agriculturist working on his own account?
These are but some of the questions, and
I again beg to answer "Yes" to each and
ad all of them, without reservation,
speaking not only for my own state, but
for the other states of the South Atlan-
tie seaboard. And I stand ready to pro-
dues documentary and verbal proof that
the answer is correct in each instance,
producing if desired as witnesses settlers
who have come from alar to ascertain by
experience the correctness of the asser-
tions. Recently Baron Moncheur, the Bel-
gian Minister at Washington, by direc-
tion of his government, came to my state
and spent some time visiting and talking
with settlers from his country now mak-
ing their homes in South Carolina. It had
been said that these people had not been
successful and were dissatisfied. His re-
port, recently made public, was all that
the most ardent South Carolina develop-

er could desire. The same kind of an in- success and happiness may well bless the
vestigation was made by no less a dis- I means that bring the truth to his atten-
tinguished authority on immigration and tion Once settled in the South he will as
colonization than Col. Thos. Holland, who surely pronounce such blessing.
has for a decade been directing this branch Instead of burdening the reader with
of the army's work in America, being re- details in support of the answers given, 1
gently awarded a medal abroad for his sue- would prefer to tell the man who is think-
cessful work, and his report has been ing of emigrating why it is to his ad-
equally flattering to the South. Surely vantage to come to the states of the
such evidence, given after fullest investi- South Atlantic seaboard and those South-
gation and examination of actual settlers, ern States that border upon them. There
is sufficient answer to those maligners of is scarcely a section of the United States
the South, who, for financial reasons, have and of Europe that I have not studied
been for years making the world or a large closely, where I have not been among the

Hon. E. J. Watson, Commissioner of Agriculture, Commerce
South Carolina.

portion of it believe the South is a mala-
ria-ridden, lawless, non-productive land!
Notwithstanding all the maligning the
Southland has submitted to without pro-
test, her resources and natural advan-
tages have been such that she could not
progress slowly and the last two decades
have witnessed such an industrial devel-
opment within her borders that the his-
tory of the world tells not of. It has been
phenomenal and the story reads more like
fiction than history. When the fact is
considered that with all this marvelous
advancement the Southern states are at
this moment but upon the threshold of
their real era of agricultuarl, industrial
and commercial development-when the
world knows that there are thousands
and thousands of acres of rich lands
awaiting tillers and that the vast field
of rich mineral resources has been no
more than scratched on the surface-the
man who is looking for a place in which
to make his home and attain financial

and Immigration, of

people, familiarizing myself with all the
conditions under which they live and
strive for their livelihood and for affluence.
What I shall say, therefore, is not mere
idle theory, but is said in the light of
practical knowledge of economic, social and
other conditions. The man who comes to
the South to make his home finds first a
warm welcome, heartily and sincerely giv-
en by a people naturally hospitable and
kind-hearted. He finds that he can buy
splendid land at reasonable, indeed very
cheap figures, far less than he can secure
land for in the East or the Northwest. lie
finds a climate that cannot be surpassed
even by the celebrated Riviera for equa-
bleness; a climate that enables him to be
growing some crop on his land the entire
twelve months in the year; a climate that
often restores to perfect health many who
have fled from the snow and the ice hop-
ing to live only a few months; a climate
that permits him to grow practically any-
thing that can be grown in the world save

the purely tropical products. He finds an
industrial development that at first he
cannot realize; he finds new manufactur-
ing plants being erected each week wiaU
modern equipment and sanitary appli-
ances; he finds a people facing the future
with a confident air resting absolutely as-
sured of their steadily increasing success
He finds the three immensely prolitale
trucking sections of the eastern portion of
the United States, supplying the great
eastern markets-the 1*lorida, the Caroli-
nas and the Virginia districts, the one en-
tering the markets as the other's season
closes. He finds the most magnificent wa-
ter powers of the United States being rap-
idly developed and made ready* to furnish
thousands of electrical horsepower to turn
the wheels of hundreds of small manufac-
turing plants for whom ready and profit-
able markets are waiting. He finds a
wide-awake people preparing to develop
direct export and import trade with the
great foreign markets of the world-mar-
kets heretofore unsought-indeed almost
undreamed of. He finds educational ad-
vantages for his children, free public
schools, literary, military, agricultural, me-
chanical, technical and business colleges
on all sides. He finds the cost of living
lower than anywhere else in the United
States--ar lower. He find a diversity
and multiplicity of opportunities that one
may safely challenge the world to dis-
cover elsewhere. But I would not paint
the picture in too glowing colors, for fear
that I might be charged with exaggera-
tion, something that in all my presenta-
tions to homeseekers I studiously avo.d,
preferring ever to leave things for the new
comer to discover for himself. Invariably
he asks "Why did you not tell me that'
and then he becomes the best advertiser
of his new home section. Again home-
seeking is a purely business proposition;
it is not a matter of sentiment. The
homeseeker must see the future written
in dollars and cents. For this reason it
may be well to look at a few hard, cold
The South is supreme in the world's
greatest staple crop-cotton, and it is
needless to refer to it.
Corn has a wonderful yield, as much as
seventy-five bushels per acre being made
without any fertilizer. The South's best
farmers make on the average from thirty-
live to sixty bushels per acre. Marlbolo
county in my state is known the world
over as having produced more corn from
a single acre than any other county in
the United States. Capt. Z. J. Drake pro-
duced the wonderful yield of 256 bushels
on a single acre. This has never been sur-
passed. People have come from far away
sections simply to see the land which pro-
duced this phenomenal yield. The world's
contest for yield of corn per aere in 1906
was won by a Southern farmer. Corn
command a much higher price here than in
the West, and hence a much greater prof-
it is realized from it. In the North lands
produce 60 bushels of corn per acre and
at the lowest estimate the lands them-
selves are worth $60 per acre. The average
value to the grower of the crop is about
$22.50 per acre in the North. In the South
lands that will produce 15 bushels per acre
can be bought at $6 per acre, and the val-
ue of the crop is $9 per acre. If the
Northern man placed the same capital, $60,
necessary to produce sixty bushels of
corn, worth $22 in the North, in Southern
lands he could get ten acres of land pro-
ducing 150 bushels, valued at $90. Thus
you will have in favor of the South 1,000
per cent more land, 250 per cent more pro-
ducts, and 400 per cent more in value of
product, or 25 per cent of the capital in-
vested in corn lands in the North will
produce, invested in lands in the South,
the same money returns to the investor.
This takes no account of the rich river


bottom lands in the South, which ard as
good or better than any of the Northern
lands. The total cost of land and labor
for the increased acreage is easily offset
by the forage crops of cowpeas and hay
grown on the same land after the crop is
Let us further contrast difference in re-
sults North and South: If a cereal fieid
does usually well, we are told it yields
$8 to $10 per cultivated acre; a truck
garden cultivated with proportionate care
will yield from $50 to $100 an acre. Tak-
ing Irish potatoes alone, we note, that the
Southern farmer can grow double the num-
ber of bushels per acre on $6 land than
the Northern farmer can on $60 land.
Truck growing is becoming a very im-
portant industry in the Southern States.
Every vegetable grown in the Northern
States is grown in the South, and the
Southern States furnish a supply to the
Northern markets from December to Au-
gust, or about 7 months in the year. No
industry is more profitable or yields great-
er returns on the amount invested. In
the growing of potatoes alone it is safe to
say that the average price is not over 25
cents per bushel in the North, while an
average price to the Southern grower can
be shown by actual figures to average
more than 50 cents per bushels. Many
early growers average $1 and over per
Here are a few South Carolina figures
of significance:
Strawberries-To a careful farmer will
yield from 50 to 200 bushels per acre, and
average year in and out 100 bushels, which
will net over all expenses, including time
of grower, an average of $150 per acre.
This year one man, on a medium-sized
farm, raising cantaloupes for the Eastern
markets, netted the handsome sum of
Splendid returns are to be had from
poultry-raising for the local and Eastern
markets, the profits from which average
400 per cent.
Here is the record of one truck farm in
(harleston county during 1905:
Irish potatoes. 22 acres, value product.
$3,300; sweet potatoes, 12 acres, value pro-
duct, $1.500; cabbage, 17 acres, value pro-
duct, $2,500; lettuce 6 acres, value pro-
duct, $2,500; encumbers, 10 acres, value
product, $3,000; beans. 15 acres, value pro-
duct, $2.250; watermelons, 8 acres; value
product, $800; cantaloupes, 3 acres, value
product, $450.
A planter in Barnwell county in 1895
made $12,000 on 160 acres of cantaloupes,
and another in Charleston county made
$200 per acre. In Saluda county an as-
paragus planter in 1905 made $2,200 on
16 acres.
The Whipple Bros., of Beaufort, natives
of Rhode Island. planted thirty-six acres
at Beaufort in radishes; took off crop and
planted again in radishes, realizing $10,-
000 front two crops net this year. They
planted the same ground in beets: took off
a good crop and followed this with encum-
bers. making a good yield. After cucum-
bees. corn was planted, making over fifty
bushels to acre. Five (5) crops on the
same ground in same year. in rotation,
were gathered.
Routh Carolina has long been one of
the leading Southern States in orchard
products, particularly peaches, which find
a ready market in the East. The South
Carolina peach is noted for its size, color
and flavor, and its rare shipping qualities.
The Ridge section of the state is one of
the noted fruit districts of the country.
Here there are orchardists who have miss-
ed only three crops in thirty years. Over
$300 has been made to the acre. and over
$200 is not an uncommon yield. There
is ample room for hundreds of fine or-
chards in South Carolina, and a market
is at hand for every crate of fruit that
can be raised.
I cite these South Carolina instances be-
cause of my personal knowledge and fur-
ther because they are typical of sister
States. They also show, why Mr. D. H.
Crandall, a Canadian, who came to South
Carolina. wrote me such a letter as this,
fully sustaining assertions made above:
"Dear Sir-Having come to your state
through some literature you sent me, and
being satisfied that your state is far be-
vond your representation. I take pleasure
in thanking, through your department, the

state and city officials, and, in fact, the
citizens of tlhe state with whom I have
cou e in contact, who are too numerous to
ii I have .eceivedl-which could not hut come
up *to the expectation of the most ex-
"Now, as I have secured one of your
farms that wias, but is not now, for sale,
having gotten it at a ridiculously low price
I wish to say that I consider the chances
that are offered in the State second to
none in Uncle Sam's domain for any man
who wants cheap land. There are thou-
sands of acres of it to be had on easy
terms in one of the most delightful cli-
mates I have ever encountered It is need-
less for me to dwell upon the magnificent
chances a man of small or great means
has to increase his bank account, for 1
know of none better.
"Please excuse me for not calling on
you personally o thank you for your un-
tiring patience in helping me to get lo-
cated. I cannot get back up in frigid New
England too quickly to get my family
down into the one place on earth-South
And every Southern States can produce
such kltters.
Now, how about the laborer who is
seeking a home in a congenial clime? If
you look at tle cost of living in the South
as compared to the East, the present day
wage scale of the South is not such a
terrible thing after all. Let us see. The
wages of the manufacturing laborer in the
North are about 10 per cent higher than
in the South. The cost of living in South
Carolina, according to Fereal government
data, is only $156 annually for food,
against $.358 in Rhode Island, and in
South (arolina the annual per capital ex-
penditure for clothing is only $34 as
against an average for the entire country
of $95 and $136 in the Eastern State of
New Iliampshire. Taking into consider-
ation all expenditures for living, these fig-
ures would indicate that the man living
in South Carolina would save $304 per
annum more than the man working in the
East. In 1900, before there was any raise
of wages in the South. the operative in
Massachusetts was receiving $351 in year-
ly earnings. $183 more than the operative
in South Carolina almost at the beginning
of the cotton manufacturing development,
whi-h amount, even then, left the South-
ern operative at the end of the year some
$121 better off than his Northern broth-
er. And the same thing is true of the
agricultural laborer working in the South
at $15 per month with his hoard and
Just here I wish to particularly direct
attention to what the Financial Age of
New York, one of the leading financial
journals of the country recently said. It
is pertinent and forceful and shows that
the eyes of investors are turned South-
ward. 'rTe Age says:
"There is no section of the country that
today is enjoying as substantial prosper-
ity as the South. Reports from that sec-
tion tell of increasing activity in all
lines of the building of railroads, of the
improvement of rel.! estate and of the
development of Southern agriculture and
industries. It is not strange. therefore,
that Northern and Easter capital should
seek the South as the most profitable
of investment. Two or three years ago,
when the North was experiencing its great
industrial Ioom. Southern investments
went a-begging, but today conditions are
reversed, and .-epresentatfies of many of
the largest financial institutions in the
country are scouniug the Soitth looking
for opportunity -' to place their funds to
the best advant::.:. The Iorosperity of the
South is not of t It 'hIom' or-lr. It is
founded on something more substantial
than the flutml'i; ,ns of the stock mar-
ke4 or tlhe ten!rlrary demand for an in-
dustrial produce~ There has been nothing
hysterical nor sensational about its de-
velopment. i-.it it is none the less assur-
ed. For 40 years the South, aided by a
limited amount of Northern capital and
ingenuity, has struggled against discour-
aging odds to assume helr proper place in
the country's (ocnitercial life. and the tes-
timony of her busy plantations, her rap-
idly multiplying factories and her hust-
ling cities pirnve to thie satisfaction of
the veriest ie--iiini'u tihat she has stIllm((

ed. The advice Horace (reeley gave a
youth of the Ias: generation, 'Go West,
young man,' might be changed today to
'Go South.'"
Surely it means something when the
mouthpiece of Eastern investors speaks
out in this manner.
So much in the way of general infor-
mation for the intending homeseeker
could be detailed that he could not di-
gest it perhaps; the story of the New
South, told in statistics, is available to
any inquirer.
Is the South doing anything to assure
the intending settler of his welcome and
present to him truthfully his opportunity?
Most assuredly. My state has been the
pioneer as a state. Others are now do-
ing likewise, and still others, in which the
government itself have not taken it up,
are sending forward the representatives
of like and responsible organizations.
When South Carolina's department was
first established every effort was made
to bring people from other sections of the
United States to South Carolina, but it
was not long before it became manifest
that this was utterly impracticable. Peo-
ple arriving at Ellis Island, even, were
shown the higher scale of wages that pre-
vailed in the East and Northwest, and,
without considering the lower cost of liv-
ing prevailing in this section, they unhes-
itatingly accepted the higher prices offer-
ed. This led to a determination, during
1906, to make an effort in foreign countries
to induce the emigration of desirable peo-
ple. In inducing foreign immigration, it
was determined that the policy of this
department should be a selected one; in
other words, that we would attempt to do
what had not been attempted in this
country heretofore, genuine selective work
at the home of the immigrant. Our offices
established abroad have done this class
of work so successfully that when our first
ship put into dock at Charleston, the im-
migration authorities of the United
States were constrained to express the
veridct that no better looking ship load
of people had ever been landed in the
United States. That the department has
worked hard and earnestly to start the
tide of immigration into the Southern
States upon a high and clean plane has
been evidenced by the verdict of the Fed-
eral examining officers at the port of
But it has not been only the matter of
immigration that has commanded the at-
tention of my department during the past
year. If possible more attention has been
paid to the matter of upbuilding the com-
merce, for it has been realized that upon
the development of the commerce of the
South depended the amount of immigra-
tion we would receive, and a proper de-
velopment of the agricultural industry of
the several states upon diversified lines.
Pursuing the plan that has been outlined
since the foundation of the department,
step by step, in August of last year, all
other business was put aside and I went to
Europe and there undertook the opening
of a permanent trans-Atlantic freight and
passenger service between the port of
Charleston and the leading European port
of Bremen. I need not enter into the de-
tails of the difficulties that had to be
surmounted in the accomplishment of this
undertaking, which involved, on the
freight side alone, some half million dol-
lars worth of freight to move the ship.
That this has been accomplished without
the most exacting, tedious and delicate
work. involving the intricacies of inter-
national and Federal laws, which neces-
sitated the making of a case resulting in
a decision from the United States Depart-
ment of Commerce and Labor of immense
value to the Southern States, is a matter
with which all are familiar. It has been
the aim and purpose to accomplish the
best results and at the same time to pro-
mote, first, the development of the trans-
Atlantic service; second, the utilization of
unused lands by settling and purchasing
small farmers.
What the effort means may be gathered
chiefly from the standpoint of commerce.
Today we in the South are paying thou-
sands of dollars of tribute to railroad
lines and commission men, whose interests
are not with the South Atlantic States, to
handle our cotton crop and the many im-
port jand export articles that form the

bulk of our commerce. With the door of
opportunity that has now been thrown
open to us jt is our privilege to save to
our producers of raw cotton and other
things the markets of the world are de-
manding, and to our merchants may
hundreds of thousands of dollars. But
this can only be done by strong support of
a direct trans-Atlantic service to a South
Atlantic port. We have not yet secured
this permanently, but there is every reason
to believe in its permanency if timely sup-
port is given. The maintenance of a line
that means so much to us in a commercial
way. and which carries with it the es-
tablishment of a permanent tide of de-
sirable immigration, cannot but appeal to
every man in the South who has the wel-
fare of the people at heart.
The work in the South has been shaped
at all times with a view to the develop-
ment of our agriculture and our com-
merce, by means of utilization of the beat
form of immigration-and unselected
immigration has made other sections the
most prosperous in the nation and raised
the standard of living of the laboring man
-and this policy has been pursued with-
out fear or favor, but at all times with a
view to the common good.

People who came here with the idea that
they could not stand the warmth of the
summer, have long sihce been convinced of
the falsity of the impression. It is warm
here, but by no means intolerable, as
thousands can testify, and all kinds of
work progresses here in the summer with-
out any ill effects from the sun. Such
things as sunstrokes and prostrations are
unknown. As good health is maintained in
Florida as anywhere. The nights if the
summer are cool and sleep refreshing. The
winters are mild and the society good. All
are ready to welcome those who come with
an intention to help develop and improve
the State in any way.
We want all the good people who can, -
to come here and help in the grand work
of development. There are many oppor-
tunities, especially in farming and fruit
growing. Some handsome returns have
been made on crops of oranges, and the
idea that fruit growing is deeremaing or
that growers are discouraged is all no-
sense. Just as long as oranges will grow
in Florida they will be grown. It is the
same with vegetables.
There is pitney of land, and it ma be
obtained on most favorable terms by all
who wish to till it. A crop of some kind
can be made on this land every month of
the year.
There are people in Florida now from
every State in the Union and from vario
foreign countries. Some of them from
California confess that the oranges and
grapefruit grown here are superior to
those grown on the Pacific slope.
The man who buys town lots or farm
lands now is sure of a profit even if he
buys to sell. but much greater if he pur-
chases as a settler, for the day of the edu-
cated farmer is dawning in Florida and
there is little that he cannot raise, and
nearly everything suitable to climate and
season does well if conditions and treat-
ment are properly interpreted.

The development of the east coast of
Florida has been the most rapid and the
most effective of any section of the United
States. A few years ago there was noth-
ing but an apparent barren waste of pine
and hammock lands. Today the most
magnificent hotels in the world are locat-
ed there and industries of various kinds
are flourishing to a remarkable extent.
The change wrought by the entry of
northern capital in this section of Florida
has been wonderful, and this same work of
development is still in progress.

There is not a State in the Union which
has a greater number of industries than
the State of Florida and there is no see-
tion of the United States where there are
so many openings for capital and industry.
Those who come to Florida have their
own choice of vocations to follow in mak-
ing a living and building homes in a State
where the climate is one of the greatest


The Varied Opportunities Offered by

Florida's Soil.

Remarkable as it may stem, Florida nas
developed more within the past twenty
years than in all the ecntuies prior to ti-is
era of progress. This does not apply lt
any one section, but the state in general.
Descriptions of resources end power th:it
are usually taken with a grain of salt are
drawn, and methods of every kind are
used to induce worthy home-seekers to
settle in various localities. It is not on"
intention to deal in fanciful' dreams nor
present alluring pictures bat will mislead
any one. It is our intention to portray
in simple language sor.ce f the many won-
Sderful inducements this unrivaled section
offers to the immigrant, the home-seeker.
the tourist, the sportsman or the invalid
to present facts--facts th will bear t'
closest investigation, and to the persnci
who is interested in sectiring a location
for an ideal home we invite such an inves-
tigation before expending ( ne cent of cap.
There is no other subject, concerning
which more ignorance is displayed amorg
intelligent people than that of climate.
Because the temperature rarely ever falls
to the freezing point in i-l'.ida, Northern-
ers conclude that the summer temperature
must rise as many degrees above the win-
ter normal here as it doe3 in the North.
There the range is greater both wayv;.
Just as it gets much colder in a Northern
state in winter than it dorm in Florida, so.
wnen a heated term homess on, it gets
much hotter than it does in the equable
climate of this part of the United States
Sunstrole is unknown in Florida. More
people die in one day in Pittsburg or New
York than have died, directly or indiretl-
ly, of heat in the whjle history of this
.tate since the day the first white man
set foot within the territory that is now
Florida. A large number of carpenters
from the North are this summer working
every day under the direct rays of the
Florida sun.
Properly speaking, there are but two
seasons in Florida-the wet and dry ea-
sons. The wet season begins in June and
extends through September, after which
time only enough rain falls to keep vege-
tation in a healthy and growing condi-
tion. During the wet season a refreshing
shower may be expected every day. These
showers temper the heat, and, owing to the
porousness of the soil, but little water is
left standing on the ground.
Water and Health
The finest water in the world is to be
found in Florida. Good wells can be
found at a depth of eighteen to thirty
feet. Flowing wells of artesian water are
also to be had by going still deeper, say
from 100 to 600 feet. There are also nu-
merous springs of mineral water flowinN
freely from the earth, and these possess
medicinal properties of great value.
No country or State claims everlasting
life for its inhabitants, nor are we going
to set up any such claims, but we do claim
and statistics will bear us out, that thi
mortality in Florida is less than in any
other state in the South. Hundreds o1
S persons are here today living examples ol
this health-giving climate, who came her
but a few years ago afflicted with thai
dreaded disease, consumption, when hope
had almost fled. What our wonderful cli
mate has done for them it will do foi
others. Pulmonary disease is almost un
known, whether it is due to our climate
fruits, sea breezes, or manner of life, it ii
a fact that there are more centenarians
in proportion to its population, than ii
any state in the Union.
In the last few years settlers have bese
coming into Florida in such numbers tha
its rich soils are rapidly being turned from
a wilderness of natural growth to well
tilled farms. Only a short time ago there
were thousands of acres of land that wer
considered absolutely worthless, which ar

today netting their owners from $200 to
$1,500 an acre profit. Thus the advantage
of securing a location along our road now,
while the development of the country is
in its infancy, can be readily seen.
Early Vegetables.
Taken as a whole Florida, owing to its
richness of soil and its climatic conditions,
may be termed a vegetable section in its
entirety. Almost every known vegetable
can be grown. The planting season with
some crops begins in September and con-
tinues throughout the winter season, wind-
ing up in some instances as late as July
1st. These vegetables mature in remark-
ably short time and are of a superior
quality that brings the highest market
Three, and sometimes four crops can be
produced on the same piece of land in one
Thle waters of our streams and lakes
are well stocked with fish, and the At
lantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico abound
in fish and oysters of superior quality.
In fact, the natural advantages are
here, and all that we lack is the people-
people who are energetic, wide-awake and
not afraid to put their shoulders to the
wheel and develop what nature has so
Imuntifully supplied.
If you are looking for a location where
you can make a living easily, here is the
place. If you are looking for a place
where you can make more money from one
acre of land than from any other section
of the country-come to Florida.
The least improved opportunity in Flor-
ida is in the line of agriculture or vegeta-
ble raising. Other occupations may be,
and often are, filled to the limits of the
community. There is not a day in the
year that the farmer cannot be planting,
cultivating .or harvesting. When to this
situation are applied the energy, industry
and persistence of the man who has farm-
ed in more northerly regions, the inevita-
ble result is wealth in short time, as well
as comfort immediately. But it dust not
be forgotten that the methods of reaching
success are entirely changed, as are the
circumstances. Ways and means that ap-
ply to the broad fields of the North and
West are not adapted to this section. The
heavy teams and machinery which accom-
pany farming there are worse than useless.
Here the work is done on a small scale,
and in a degree properly described as in-
tense. The acre in the North that pro-
duces twenty bushels of wheat and brings
i $12.00-or forty bushels of corn and $14.00
-may here be made to produce $150.00
worth of potatoes-or $300.00 in cabbage,
cucumbers and eggplant. Or. perhaps,
S$500.00 in cauliflower, or onions, or beans.
Or it may clear its owner $500.00 to $2,-
S000.00 in celery or lettuce. These are ab-
solute facts which are proven by the re-
Fslts that thousands of men have achieved
and are maintaining continually. These
,figures are conservative, as will be seen
e by the many testimonials of active pro-
r ducers who have cleared much more per
f acre.
f ase Witi Which a New Home Can Be
e lMade.
Is almost impossible of belief, even
When related in the plainest and most pos-
" itive language, to the people who have
Sbeen crowding and developing the West
During the past thirty years. It is true
' that our land, being timbered, must be
cleared for crops, unless one buys an im-
proved place. The timber which is remov-
Sed furnishes material for houses, fences,
sheds, fuel and other essentials.
The newly arrived settler will find that
m during ten months of the year he can
t plant for his use some crop which will
l mature for the table inside of sixty days.
- He will need but few and simple imple-
a nents for cultivation of his lands. He can
e build his own house-if need be-and be
e far more comfortably fixed than the man

who went West a score of years ago. In markets. The kumquat does well through-
five years a resolute man should have won out this entire section. Kumquats are
a sufficient comnltence for the balance ot eaten whole, rind and alL Preserved in
his life. sugar or crystalized, they make a very
l H e of te C a handsome and delicious confection.
natural Home of the Citrs Fruit There are other varieties of the citrus
The growing of the orange, grapefruit, family which may be grown with profit,
I-mon. lime. and other citrus fruits, sug- and for which there is an ever-increasing
gets a land of sunshine, where snow demand.
never falls; a land where real winter is Cotton, Tobacco, Etc.
never known. When all the other states While we have referred above more par-
of our glorious Union are held in winter's ticularly to citrus fruit and vegetable eul-
ecv embrace, the citrus fruit trees put on ture. Florida has a cotton belt that is
tleir fragrant creamy white bloom, which 4qual in soil conditions to any in the
is the promise of the golden fruit soon to Southeast, especially in the cultivation of
follow. the sea island or long staple. Florida has
There is little wonder at the pleasure al- one of the finest peach belts in the South,
ways felt by the owner of a grove. It ap- and in several sections the raising of
lials to all the senses and satisfies then, peaches is becoming one of the large corn-
and the proud owner knows he is sure of nercial industries. Florida is becoming
an income per acre equal to that of any famous as a tobacco raising state. Gads-
(ullivator of the soil. den county in particular is notes for its
Although the northern limit of the nat- tobacco, equal on the market for cigar
ural orange Ielt has been fixed at Gaines- manufacturing purposes to that raised in
ville. some of tile best bearing groves of Clba. Other sections are finding out that
the state are from 50 to 75 miles north of tobacco of equally as good variety can
this point, and the discovery of the Tri- je raised. A hundred dollars an acre net
foliata as a hardy stock upon which to is a minimum profit for the tobacco far-
Iha makes it certain that nearly all of ner. This industry has already extended
tIe citrus fruits can be grown not only to Pasco county, and others, and it is
tpon the northeastern border of Florida yet in its incipiency.
hbt the orange. which is the hardiest of On the whole Florida offers more to the
the family, can with a little care be grown man who expects to make a competence
as far north as (iarleston, South Carolina. from tilling the soil than any other state
nlhe question of most importance, then, in the Union-indeed fortunes are being
is to find the most suitable location, where made by Florida's farmers.
satisfactory evidence exists that soil and
climatic conditions are best suited.

Florida Varieties.
The Florida orange has been greatly
improved by budding: many varieties hav-
ing ve:y few seeds, and the trees made
practically thornless.
In the market it always commands the
highest price, and is conceded to be siu-
perior to any grown elsewhere in the
The Dancy Tangerine, or Kid Glove Or-
ange, originated in Florida, where it reach-
es perfection, and in the market sells for
more money than the ordinary orange or
any of the citrus fruits except the grape-
fruit and lemon, which lead in price all
The citrus fruits grown in Florida all
have less acid and are superior in flavor to
the same friut grown in any other part of
the world. ( onsequently the grapefruit.
which is prized for its mild but decided
acid. has such a flavor as makes it a relish,
an apletizer, and a tonic, which physicians
recotnmmend. It seems the one fruit that
the demand must always exceed the sup-
ply. which insures good prices.
The Satsuma is an earlv orange that
seems half tangerine and half common or-
ange. which, by reason of its early ripen-
ing. brings about the same price as the
The Florida lemon ripens early and goes
on the market when lemons are scarce,
and this season they have sold for six and
eight dollars per box.
The Florida lime is a substitute for
lemons and grows daily in favor and gives
the grower a handsome profit.
The kumniuat is the smallest of citrus
fruits. It is supposed to have originated
in China. and is extensively r-own at the
present time in Japan and China. In
Jlaain it is called Kin-Kan. which means
gold orange. Kumquat has the same
meaning in the Chinese language. Botan-
ists know it as Citrus Japanica. The tree
attains a height of ten to twelve feet.
with a spread of top nearly equal to its
height. It is very symmetrical in growth,
and produces an abundance of handsome
little fruits annually. The blossoms come
during the summer, and the fruit ripens
during the late fall and winter. This pro-
duct has been introduced in a linld way
in the markets of this country,. and has
brought very fancy prices. From $6.00 to
e10.f00 per strawberry crate, of thirty-two
quarts, has been realized in the Northern

What bids fair to become one of the
great industries is the manufacture of
brick from sand and lime. Already there
are a number of large plants of this char-
acter in this State and the product is find-
ing a ready sale.

Gainesville is noted as one of the pret-
tiest cities in Florida. It is a typical resi-
dence city, with magnificent homes dot-
ting every street. Gainesville is the home
of the University of Florida and this has
served to increase the demand for resi-
dence property there.

The man who is considering the advis-
abilitv of coming to Florida and who
would prefer to do general farming, may
rest assured that there is not a State in
the South where better opportunities are
offered to those who prefer to do general
farming rather than engage in the growing
of fruits and vegetables. Cotton, corn,
potatoes and the other general farm prod-
ucts are grown to great advantage in this

The enterprise of the people of Florida
is illustrated to a degree by the character
of her public buildings. There is hardly
a county in the State which has not a
magnificent structure for a court house,
and the public school buildings in Florida
are equal to those of any State in the
South. Floridians are awakening to the
realization of the fact that there is a
great deal in appearances and each county
is viewing with the other in the matter
of improving not only their public build-
ings, but their public roads, etc.

The prospective settler who likes the
game of politics and who cannot live with-
out it. can find all that he is looking for
in Florida. While we have the most com-
petent and honestly administered govern-
ment. there are a great many varieties of
politics in this State and interest in all
of them for the fellow who likes the



7Ae 9fmuinyg tion .-tKoovement in .ortA Caeroaina ad Wi) at A'ortM Carolina is sominy

7owoard tA.e A(ttraction of )esira6Ae Ylmmnigrats, BotA Somestic an=d aoIrei5.
T. K. Bruner, Secretary Department of Agriculture of North Carolina.
. . 1 1 ,%,14 1; 0 031M1 ":4- "i 4"4"

The question of immigration, in its
broader sense, is just coming to the fore
in North Carolina. It has been a more or
less discussed theory with us sine 1 can
remember. Along in the seventies and
early eighties the cry could be heard in
the land: "Invite Northern capital to de-
velop our great resources, and encourage
immigration to build our waste places.'
But it was only a cry, though it echoed
from the mountains to the sea and rever-
berated from Virginia to South Carolina,
in hollow mockery. There were no re-
Meantime our own people began to
show their faith in the Old North State;
to build factories; to open mines and
quarries; to shape our native woods into
all kinds of furniture; to improve agricul-
ture and develop our horticulture; to do
for themselves what they had been urging
other people to do for them. It was then,
and not until then, that outside capital
began to seek investment here. And it
continues to seek because our own people
have demonstrated the profitableness of
such investments.
Board of Agriculture Charged with Immi-
The board of agriculture has been and
is today the great fostering agent in the
state in furthering this development and
encouraging every movement which tends
to advance our material interests. Under
the Constitution it is the department of
agriculture, immigration and statistics.
Upon this basic law legislation has em-
powered it to do many things.
It now collects and disseminates infor-
mation about the State. It studies all
the phases of the State's agriculture and
advises those engaged in those pursuits.
It conducts test farms in various parts of
the state for the benefit of the farmers.
It controls infectious diseases of domestic
animals. It investigates diseases of
plants and fruit trees and suggests rem-
edies therefore. In conducts a quarantine
for the suppression of splenic or Texas
fever in cattle. It investigates the rav-
ages of insects, studies remedies for their
abatement, and inspects nurseries. It in-
spects fertilizers and guarantees protec-
tion to purchasers against fraud. It ana-
lyzes fertilizers, soils and waters. It
conducts, in conjunction with the United
States government, the soil and drainage
surveys of the state. It analyzes foods
under the pure food laws, and controls
concentrated commercial feed stuffs. It
identifies minerals, plants and- animals.
It holds farmers institutes in nearly all
of the counties of the state. It maintains
a museum of resources and natural his-
During the last thirty years it has con-
ducted fish hatcheries, and has held many
expositions to advertise the state. These
expositions were the most effective means
of advertising to the world our resources
of field, forest, factory and mine. Along
with this fundamental work a steady
stream of attractive and entertaining lit-
erature has been sent broadcast to the
four corners of the earth. This is the
foundation which has been laid by tile
board of agriculture and upon which the
future of the State is to be built; it is
the expansion all along these lines that
has caused the call for more labor.
The general assembly of 1907 passed a
general immigration law, placing the
work with the department. This act au-
thorizes and directs that desirable immi-
grants be invited to the state, and that
illustrated literature setting forth the
advantages and opportunities offered by
the state be issued and ': tributee, and
appropriated $10,000.00 annually for the
next five years to further the work; also
empowering the department to receive
contributions from the people of the state
in aid of this enterprise.
Immigration has always been a part
of the work of the department of agricul-

ture. In the past its efforts have been
along the lines indicated-general adver-
tising of what the state has to offer. We
have had no public lands to throw open
to be settled. Our landed property is
practically all held in fee simple. We
have had none of the conditions which
have enabled immigration to build the
great cities and states of the trackless
wilderness beyond the Missisippi. That
could only have been achieved under the
conditions inviting it. Similar work can
not be done here in the South for many
.Passing of the Old Labor Regime. .
SComplaints come from all quarters that
the negro, as a laborer, has outlived his
usefulness. With his freedom and his
limited education, he has chosen to leave
the farm; to go out of the state; to con-
gregate in the towns; to do anything ex-
cept work in the field. He is prone to
idleness as the sparks to fly upward. He
is careless, improvident, indifferent and
altogether unmeiable as a farm hand.
Such are the complaints.
Our people like the negro. They under-
stand his nature; they have endured him
and hls indolent ways until patience has
ceased to be a virtue. He is standing
idly in the way of the progress and devel-
opment of that profitable agriculture,
horticulture and dairying which is now
engaging the best thought of our people.
Jie will not apply his learning to these
tiings. He wants to teach, to preach to
practice law and medicine, forgetful of
the fact that but few succeed in these
lines, under the most favorable conditions
-conditions which he cannot attain in
the South, or anywhere else in the United
States. I have no harsh words for the
negro. I like him in his place. 1 only
regret that he is not wise enough to
measure up the opportunity which has
been his for so long, and which he neg-
lects more and more. He follows, in spite
of our kindly urging, his own devious
way. What are our farmers to do They
cannot turn their fields to idleness, nor
forget seed time and harvest.
Look about you. The progress of our
people during the last three decades has
ueen marked. We have increased in store
and we have built in many waste places.
What part of this progress is due to the
energy and the brain of the negro! Our
mills, our factories and our commerce are
the work of our white population. It
has been accomplished in spite of our
industrial incubus; in spite of the burden
of his education; in spite of the fact
that as soon as he can read and write
he quits labor.
Think for a moment what might have
been accomplished in this salubrious and
fertile Southland had Sherman and
Stoneman and Grant taken with them the
whole negro population when they left
us penniless on our battle-scarred fields.
Beyond conjecture, no development in
the West could have compared with it.
truly the burden has been grievous and
we have borne it with patience. We
have done well, under the conditions con-
fronting us. I feel greatly encouraged
for the future when 1 see our people
reaching out after better men, better
methods and better morals.
The New Demand
Today, as never before in the history
of the state, the demand for labor is im-
perative; they have been schooled in pa-
tience, self-denial and forbearance until
these characteristics are as well grounded
as the cardinal virtues. This call comes
from a conviction of the hopelessness of
further dependence upon the old regime,
it must and will be heeded. When our
people once reach a conclusion in a mat-
ter, its accomplishment is only a ques-
tion of detail.
The best criterion of prosperity in
North Carolina is the scarcity of labor
from one end of it to the other.

The cry comes from the milk, the rail-
roads, the farms, the factories and from
the households, in the face of the highest
wages ever paid in the state for all class-
es of labor.
Some of the leading cotton mills in the
state say that they have sold the product
of their mills m some case up to the
middle of the year and are afraid they
cannot meet their contracts because ot
the scarcity of labor. In some mills ma-
chinery is idle, and nearly all the mills
have runners out seeking operatives.
Many mills are operating only part of
the time because there is not help
enough to move all the machinery.
Railroad building and other construc-
tiou work in all parts of the State
is greatly retarded from the lack ol
The complaints of the needs of the peo-
ple for domestic help were never so loud
and insistent. Domestic service is sim-
ply not to be had at any price in many
parts of the state.
All this is evidence of prosperity-
general prosperity-and it also sheds light
on the possibilities yet in store for the
state. As the present demand for help
is met, others will arise, so that the on-
ward march of progress in.North Caroli-
na is assured and is made manifest by
the very conditions which now hamper
and make slow the growth in our ma-
terial advancement.
The call for labor is not confined to any
special part of the state. It comes from
the mountains, from the Piedmont and
the Central and from the Coastal Plain
Counties. They all have labor problems
to sole. These problems differ in these
several quarters, but they all center in
one respect, to-wit: more labor. The
truck and fruit growers of the East, the
peanut, tobacco and cotton growers of
the central part of the state, the mills
and factories of the Piedmont and the
farmers, lumber men, fruit growers and
road builders of the mountains all clam-
or tor help. Domestic service is also de-
manded from all parts of our good old
Wages and Conditions for New Labor.
The first consideration of those seek-
ing better labor is the price they can af-
ford to pay. in considering this it must
be, borne in mind that the old regime of
negro labor is gone, and that in facing
this proposition it must be eliminated
and a new standard set. The new com-
ers are of different stuffs, are different
in habit, in thought and in accomplish-
ment. They are as good as our own cit-
izens-if they are not, they should not
be invited to come. If they are as good,
then we must treat them as we treat
our neighbors.
We are up against a new condition; it
has been coming gradually and while not
fully recognized, it is here and becoming
more manifest every day. The wages for-
merly paid in the state are not adequate
for the new comer.
Why will they comeT Beeause deeply
implanted in the heart of every human
being is the desire for possession; to pos-
sess a home and fireside, a vine and fig
tree. No amount of toil and self denial
will give him these possessions in the
old world. No matter how frugal and in-
dustrial he may be at home, the own-
ship of land is beyond the pale of possi-
bility there. For generations, from fath-
er to son, they have toiled and
delved as tenants. They may toil as in-
dustriously and live as simply, hoarding
their savings until such time as it
pleases them to purchase land, build
houses and live as independent farmers.
It is this possibility-this door of hope
we hold open-that-will win. Our invita-
tion is extended on this basis: Come over
and help us; in doing so you help your-

First Steps in Immigration.
Enquiry was made to know first, if
our people wanted immigration. The an-
swer was yes.
How many are needed The total of
the answers aggregates sixty thousand.
This should settle the question that our
people favor immigration. There is ma um-
certain tone about it.
The next question was. What nation-
alities are preferred? The answers wre
German, 66; English, 48; Scotch, 46;
Americans 38; Canadian, 21; Irh, 18
You will observe that 170 of these pre-
fer English speaking people. A few ea-
pressed peference for Swedes, Swiss,
Dutch, kinns and Scandanavians, in in-
signifiant numbers. These answers show
that our people are thinking seriously
about this matter of race.
If foreigners are to come, a dcas is de-
sired which is eligible to the highest ct-
izenship; which may intermingle with our
people socially, religiously and politically.
This choice speaks loudly in their praia
of their patriotism and of their pride of
race. They have chosen well and with just
discrimination. Could we obtain.the pe-
pie indicated it would be well with the
farmer, well with the home and well with
the state.
Growth an Analysis of Wagme
Having expressed a desire for immgra-
tion, and having defined the nationalities
preferred, the next question "What eam
we afford to pay such labor?" Do not
lose sight of the fact that labor is an in-
vestment and must be handled by the
farmer at a profit. The sum of the an-
swers made an average wage of $15.00 a
year, or $12.0 a month. This is on a
wage basis. Since these figures were
made, changes have come about. The far-
mers of this State realize more and more
that concessions must be made, and the
scale of wages is rising to double what
they were a few years ago. Yearly eon-
tracts are now made from $150IA to
$400.00 a year, while some specialists pay
even more for trained dairymen, fruit and
vegetable growers of experiee and ease-
utive ability.
There are several consideration to he
taken into account just here. Many of
those offering these wages include
"board," or its equivalent in provisions.
All include house or room, firewood for
heating and for domestic purposes, and
also land for a "truck patch" or garden.
These considerations easily double the
value of the compensation offered, so that
taking into account the coat of living an
our farms as compared with the West,
where the winters are nearly twice as
long, and where much of the wag is re-
quired to "find and keep" the laborer, the
difference is not so marked.
Wages are as high or higher in North
Carolina than elsewhere in the Soth.
One does not have to go far to find rea-
son for the one-time low wage scale in
the South. There was a reason for it,
and it was not the low price of farm pro-
ducts. That reason has often been as-
signed, and some farmers may believe it.
But he must look elsewhere for the logi-
cal reason. The wage cale must be ix-
ed by the amount of work performed
within a given time. It is a measure of
value, just as you buy auger or salt.
It is so much sugar, or so much salt for
a dollar. So with farm labor, it is so
much labor for a dollar.
One man will work sun to un, six days
in the week, year in and year out. If
he is painstaking, intelligent and works
to the best advantage all the time, hi
wage would be far higher, and he would
be worth much more than could be paid
a man who worked five and one-half days
in the week during the crop season, and
one or two days in the week for the rest
of the year. And you must also take
into account the fact that this man must
be watched to see that his work is prop-


aery done. Tlh, he not only works mbt
a part f the time, but requires intelli-
gent supervision besides, which costs
something, and this expense is properly
deducted from what he would otherwise
be werth, as is alo the lost time. These
factors enter into and regulate the price
of the kind of labor we had in the South.
I believe that it is the most expensive
labor to be found anywhere, and if our
farmers will figure it out in all its
phases, it will be found to be the least
remunerative to them. While this is true,
and I have taken too much time with it,
I must, in justice to the state, also hold
"cheap labor" responsible for turning
from our doors many who would other-
wise have come to us. They have been-
I mean the negro and his wages-the
great stumbling block in the way of im-
migration and progress.
The Teat or Share System.
There is another phase of the question,
however, which holds out hope. I refer to
the possibilities which are open to the
tenant or share-settler. Senator Sim-
moss, in his recent speech on immigra-
tion in the South, has drawn a sharp dis-
tinction between the wage labor system
in vogue in the West, and the tenant sys-
tem as practiced in the South, and shows
conelmh ely that the Southern share-set-
tlers have greatly the advantage. He
"The system almost universally in prae-
ties in the South is known as the share
plan. The land owner furnishes the land,
house to live in and fuel, horse to culti-
vate crop and feed for him, farming im-
plements and seed; the tenant does the
work and has one-half of crops, or, if the
landlord furnishes only land, house and
fuel, the tenant gets two-thirds crop,
ad some sections, three-fourths of the
cotton." "A tenant farmer, under this
plan, with the same industry, frugality,
and an equal amount of work will, I be-
lieve, ordinarily earn. more in the South
than he could under the wage system in
the West. In a good year he would earn
much more, and in the trucking regions
be would earn many times more, to say
nothing of enjoying a large degree of in-
depedence with this great additional ad-
vantage that in a few years he can have
laid aside enough to buy a farm for one-
tenth of what it would cost in the West.'
It is clear that along the line indicated
by the Senator is the best way open to us
for any considerable influx of people
This plan at once puts the settler upon
his mettle, and it will develop the best
that is in him.
Pin for the L rk.
The plan adopted for bringing these
people to the state through the depart
meant is very simple. Blanks have beie
prepared and will be supplied to all ap
plying for them. The object is two-fold
to get a list of those desiring immigrant
in the st place, ad second, to gel
homes in advance for such immigrants a
desire to come. This plan will produce
an orderly procedure.
Under the national immigration law go
ing into effect in July, 190I no aid, per
suasion, inducement or promise of future
employment can be extended to intend
ing immigrants in any foreign country
since persons coming under such condi
tioms must "declare" the facts to the im
migration authorities, and when so de
clared be forthwith deported. Those ar
pretty stringent lines, but it is clear tha
the state can lawfully, through its prop
early designated agent, circulate adver
tisements in reference to the resource
and industries, scales of wages, etc., i
this state out of the funds appropriate
by law for this purpose; the said agent
can submit to proposed immigrants scale
of wages commonly paid in the state fo
various kinds of labor, but any imm
grant must have the privilege of refusing
to work under such scales of wages upo
his arrival into the state. It is also in
portant that there should be absolul
freedom from any contract, express
or implied, with laborers that may be i
duaed by the state, through its agent, t
immigrate into the state, for employment
by the state itself or by any person 4
This defines about the whole field le
for exploitation by the South, and it ou
ines about what will be done by Nort
Carolina. Poper agents will be appoint

ed, whose duty it will be to distribute
literature, scales of wages and like gen-
eral matter and will make no further
agreement with an intending immigrant
than to direct him to the department of
agriculture and immigration at Raleigh, v
where he may find who wants labor, and w
who has lands to let to tenants, or for It
sale on easy terms. s
Why Land in the South is Low-Pricel. t
Before closing this article, I would like
to answer publicly one question which is
frequently asked, to-wit: "If your soils
are capable of producing the crops and a
fruits you report, how is it that land can
be sold so cheap?"
I answer that there are two causes, as
follows: Sparseness of population and s
the scarcity of labor. North Carolina has o
more than 22,000,000 acres of farm lands, o
of which but 8,000,000 acres are consid- I
ered improved; leaving 14,000,000 acres c
of unimproved tillable lands, which are r
valuable and capable of producing re-
munerative crops. If our present agri- i
cultural population can not profitably use .
more than 8,000,000 acres, what is to be- t
come agriculturally speaking, of the re- i
mainder? Shall it lie fallow and grow t
up in weeds and forests, or shall it be
converted by profitable tillage and made I
to contribute to the wealth and happi- ,
ness of our people and our state? These i
14,000,000 acres divided into fifty acre i
farms would accommodate and sustain in i
comfort 280,000 families, equal to more
than an additional million to our present
population. Is not this a pretty fair rea- ,
son why good lands are cheap? Would I
it not add greatly to our wealth as a peo-
ple and a state to settle these lands with
thrifty people, who would help build our
towns into cities and our villages into i
towns? Yes, certainly, if the new com-
ers are of the right sort; if they are de-
sirable in the sense of honest, capable
and industrious, and if they will amal-
gamate with our present excellent pop-
ulation and join in the upbuilding, .not
only of the State's manufactures, com-
merce and agriculture, but in maintain-
ing and upbuilding of education and reli-
gion, and the fostering of purity and
right living in private life and the up-
right living in private life.
Such a class will find a tranquil home
in North Carolina where prosperity will
Follow industry as the morning follows
night. We shall endeavor to get them.
Secretary Department of Agriculture in
S Charge of Immigration.

"There is no State in the Union whose
fishes have attracted more general atten-
tion than those of Florida. The interest
; in the fishes of this state is shared by the
commercial fishermen, the angler, and the
a ichthyologist. The number of species that
are sought because of their commercial
value is far greater than in any other see-
- tion of America. Those that are of inter-
- eat to the angler are more numerous than
e any other State can boast, while the rich-
-ness and peculiarities of the fish fauna ef
,Florida have made this State a fascinating
i- eld to the ichthyologist and student of
geographic distribution. The total num-
her of fishes known from Floridian waters
e is about six hundred, or about one-fifth cf
.t the entire fauna of America north of
- Panama. The warm waters of the Keys
- serve as a more or less effective barrier
s to the passage of fishes living in colder
n water. As a result, many species are
d found on the East Coast of Florida which
it do not occur on the Gulf Coast, and vice
s versa.
>r "There is no other place in the United
i- States where one can study live fishes so
g satisfactorily as at Key West.
n "Trolling for kingfish. jacks, crevalle,
n- bluefish. Spanish mackerel and spotted sea
e trout at Indian River, Lake Worth. Key
Wd West or Biscayne Bay furnishes sport of
a- the most exciting kind, while still fishing
to for sheepshead and mangrove snappers at
t Indian River Inlet; for chubs, porgies,
;r porkfish, yellowtails, snappers and grunts
at Key West; or for red snapper, red
ft groupers and others of their kin on the
t- snapper banks, furnishes sufficient va-
h riety to please any angler, in whatever
t- mod he may chance to be."









The Oyster Industry of Florida.

The numerous shell mounds found in Huge oyster mounds are found on the
various parts of Florida prove that this shores of Choetawhatchee Bay which prove
as formerly the home of myriads of mo- that the bivalves were far more abundant
sea, and that they formed the principal there in the past than they are now.
urce of food for the Aborigines for cen- In Escambia Bay the oyster bars are
iries. Although various species of edible thin and scattering, but can be built ip
shellfish are represented in these mounds, at a comparatively small cost.
et they are mainly composed of the re- Fernandina is still a favorite place for
ains of the oyster, the conch, the scallop, oysters and oyster canneries, and Walnlls
ad others possessing equally excellent county can ship a hundred barrels a day
astronomic qualities, for months together.
To judge from these mounds and the Oysters are in all probability career in
resent abundance qf shellfish, Florida the waters around Key West and mae
mems to be as much entitled to the name abundant in St. Andrews Bay than in aay
f the "Land of Mollusca" as the "Land other portions of the state. This is due
f Flowers," for splendid oyster banks are to the fact that the fresh water, which
found on both the eastern and western the oyster must have to live in comfort
oasts for a distance of perhaps 1200 is not obtainable at the former place and
iiles. is abundant enough for all its needs in the
Having the largest littoral of any State latter.
i the Union, except California, its natur- The artificial propagation of the oyster
I beds of shellfish are not surpassed by has become an important industry on the
hose of any region on the continent; yet Gulf coast, particularly along the shores
t is only of late that any serious atten- of Hillsboro and Manatee counties.
ion has been paid to their development. When the oyster industry was first
The Gulf of Mexico, from Charlotte Har- started at Cedar Key is 1842, the mollus-
or to Pensacola. contains extensive beds cae were shipped in barrels or stone jugs
f oysters, which have scarcely been and were a precarious commodity to han-
ouched, and many which have not even die, but they are now about the safest in
ecen discovered, while the Atlantic coast the State to export.
rom Fernandina to Biscayne Bay teems The primitive oyster tongs are still
with oyster beds in suitable locations, used for pulling the oysters from the
The Florida oysters are characterized by beds. dredging being apparently unknown.
delicacy of flavor, and, in some sections, With this clumsy implement an expert
y great size, but those possessing the lat- "tonper" can grapple from ten to fifteen
er quality are not very popular. barrels rer day, and if his associate is
Natives of the Bahamas were the first equally as expert that quantity can be
o develop the oyster as well as the sponge zot ready for market between sunrise and
industry of Florida, the father of the bus- sunset. As fast as the longerr" pulls up
ness being Henry Kelly, who shipped oys- his load he dumps it on a culling board
ers from Cedar Keys to New Orleans as near the gunwale. and his partner throws
early as 1842, when settlements on the away all dead shells, oysters too small to
vest coast were very few and far between. ,se. and makes those placed in the barrel
kr. Kelly was a native of Nassau, New is presentable as possible, by knocking
o-vidence, and a man of much enterprise of" unsightly accretions.
or his day and locality. He was among Oysters sell at 75 cents a barrel un-
he first settlers on Cedar Key, and not- shelled and 80 cents a gallon shelled. and
ne the excellent quality of the bivalves the retailer gets anywhere from $1 to
hat flourished along the shore he made 41.25 per barrel and about twenty-five cr
in experimental shipment by sailing vessel thirty cents a quart for the opened 'ys-
o New Orleans. and found it so profitable te-s. It is exceedingly difficult to get a
hat he continued it for a long time. His correct estimate of the annual value of
market became gradually larger until he the oyster crop. but it is safe to say that
finally found a sale for his oysters in the it is larger than most people would ima :-
nte-ior t, tins of this State. ine.
With the influx of immigration in the
earlyy seventies. the oyster business began FLORIDA HAS GOOD TRANSPORTA-
to increase in importance, and new beds TION FACILITIES.
were being almost constantly found and There is not a State in the Union better
worked by hardy fishermen and retired provided with transportation facilities than
spongers. I have known twenty large Florida. Nearly every county of the for-
boats to be filled to the gunwale on an ty-five in the State is provided with
oyster bar in Tampa Bay inside of six railroads.
hours, and I have seen a small fleet load The fact that Florida was early provid-
with the bivalves in a few hours on the ed with the facilities for the moving of
Sarainta banks. the products of her farms, her mines and
The Indian River might be called a vast her orange groves has resulted in the
oyster bed, but many of the bivalves vast development of all these industries
found there are the "coons," whose parti- The three great railroad facilities in this
alitv for growing on the submerged parts State are the Seaboard Air Line, the At-
of trees and in marshy waters renders lantic Coast Line and the Florida lst
them too bitter or flabby for the taste Coast Railway. Their main lines or
of epicures, branches reach nearly every section of the
The ovsters found at the mouth of the State, and while there are a great many
St. Tohns river are good. and have a de- complaints against some of the failures
cidedly saltish flavor, which makes them of these companies to adequately handle
great delicacies to some people. what Florida has for other States, it must
The most ponnlar bivalves sold there fe said that the railroads of the State
some vears an used to be supplied by give an excellent service as compared with
Analslhicola and Cedar Key. but this pop- the service which has been given in other
ularitv has now largely gone to the varie- States. The railroads have been adding
ties brownn in the waters adioining Tampa. to the character of their facilities and
The oysters of Charlotte Harbor are the extent of their mileage every year
now great favorites in Key West, owing and have been making improvements in
to their sire and delicaev of flavor, while their facilities which has been of great
those found in the vicinity of Tampa, value to the State.
Analote. (rvstal River and Cedar Key, Transportation is one of the most es-
are verv onular in local markets. sential needs of any State or of any see-
The Cedar Kev ovsters are generally tion and Florida has more miles of ral-
laree and have a very salty flavor, al- road than any State in the United States,
thnlioh those found on (raan's bars. five compared with population. In addition to
m;les south of the town. are usually bare this she has hundreds of miles of naviga-
after low tide. ble rivers and more sea-coast than any
Analachieola used to be a great place for State in the Union.
rvsters. the numerous banks that skirt Those who are contemplating coming
the shore being covered with them. It to Florida. and who are desirous of loet-
had two canning factories, and the All- ing here and embarking in the fruit-grow-
'ntor brand nut up by one of them had a ing or trucking industry can rest assured
rational reputation for excellence. that in any part of Florida they will fnd
St. Andrews Bay and Choetawhatehee no trouble in getting their produce to mar-
ayv are the habitat of the oyster, partle- ket. There are railroads everywhere and
ularly the former. Its banks are exten- the service from Florida to the North is
sive and numerous in the open deep water. an excellent one.


T Trucking Incdustry of Florida.

An sxzitid o of riorlid'ruits and Veeables.
Raising vegetables in Florida is very begin to head, hill them up. After t ey tops on.
different from market gardening in the are wel headed, let them stand a while Beans.
North. Many, fresh from the North with before marketing to become solid. Take Beans have been cultivated extensively
only Northern experience, after one trial, a four-tine prong hoe, strike it under each in some portions of this State, and bring
become discouraged and denounce vegeta- plant and lift it up a little, so to break good prices early in the spring. They
ble growing in this State, when the prin- the roots loose on that side; this will stop should be picked while young, or just as
cipal trouble is that they will not listen to it from growing and the head will not soon as the pods assume theif waxy col-
the advice of old residents, but rather rid- burst open. or. They luxuriate in a rich soil, but will
icule it. There are a few vegetables that Cabbage should be shipped in well venti- produce a fair crop in poor ground. Beans
cannot be grown here successfully, on ae- lated barrels; this is best done by chop- should be planted about the 20th of anuary
count of being so far from market they ping holes in the sides and using gunny if the season is favorable, and not later
will not bear transportation; but several cloth for a heading. This enables one to than the 10th of February. Plant in rows
years experience teaches us that there fill the barrel full, and yet secure abun- eighteen inches apart, two inches deep;
aie enough that will bear shipping and pay dant ventilation. For Northern markets, cultivate frequently, but only when dry,
a profit if well managed. Almost all veg- trim the heads of all loose leaves and ship as the scatterin gof the earth on the fol-
etables raised in the North will grow here, none but solid heads. iage or pods when moist will cause them
but this paper will be confined to those CalilM wer. to become damaged with rust; ship in
that bear transportation and prove profit- The cauliflower is considered the most bushel crates.
able. delicate of all the entire class of vegeta- Tomtoes.
Cabbage. bles, and is much sought after in every The tomato forty years ago was consid-
Cabbage has proven to be a profitable market. The cultivation is very similar to ered unfit to eat; now no vegetable grown
crop to raise; it is one of the staple crops that of the cabbage, requiring very rich is more popular. It has proved to be one
of the Florida trucker, not yielding lril- moist soil The seed should be sown not of the most profitable. Hundreds of acres
liant profits, but scarcely ever falling to later than October, so the plants can have been planted in this State with the
yield a fairly good return for labor and have the advantage of the winter months vegetable this year. Almost all kinds do
fertilizer. It is seldom injured by untime- to grow in, and not suffer from the heat well here. The seed should be sown in hot
ly frosts, and commands a price ranging of the sun. Transplant the same as cab- beds about the first of January, and as
from $1.50 to $5 a barrel crate, yielding bage: as soon as the heads are about soon as the plants are large enough to
from 50 to 100 crates per acre. Cab- one-third grown, close the outer leaves transplant in rows about four feet each
bage requires a good, strong soil, and over the head, tie a string around to keep way. There should always be a supply of
should be liberally fertilized; to raise them closed; this not only bleaches them, small plants kept on hand in case the oth-
large cabbage without good soil and abun- but makes them more tender. Market in era are killed down by frost. The best
dant cultivation of the plants 's an im- barrels the same as cabbage. growers now prune and stake the vines.
possibility. For an early crop the seed Beeta. They should be picked as soon as they
should be sown in September; for the Beets have proven to be a paying crop begin to turn; wrap them in paper and
Northern markets do not sow before Sep- for both Southern and Northern markets, pack in bushel crates.
member, from that to December. Sow the Little are is necessary for the cultivation Egg Plant.
need in seed-beds not overly rich, but of this vegetable. One grand essential for The egg plant has been cultivated here
about as good as the field to which the a good crop is to plow deep and fertilize to some extent for Northern markets, and
plants will be removed. Transplant as well. Plant in October or November; draw in most instances has brought paying
som as the plants are large enough, in drills one inch deep and eighteen inches prices, sometimes "big money." Like all
rows four feet apart and three feet in the apart; sow the seeds thinly, cover them other vegetables, it should be grown for
row; this should be done just after or be- lightly, and reae finely. As noon as the the earliest market. It is a plant that
fore a rain. Work them as as they begin beets have formed a few leaves thin them is extremely sensitive to cold, and ought
to grow. Cabbage should be lightly plow- out to six inches apart. Ship them in not to be planted until the ground is
ed or hoed very often, each time throwing barrels the same as cabbage; trim off only warm, and all danger of frost i over. The
a Htt earth to the pita Whe they the dead leaves, as they sell best with the large, purple variety sells bea, aMd bear

all summer. The seed should be sown in
a hotbed, or it can be sown in boxes, and
kept in a warm place, where the sn can
shine upon it. Should be sown about the
last of January, transplanted in rows
twenty inches apart, and two feet between
rows. The best growers transplant from
the seed-bed into a propagating bed, then
into the field. The use of kainit is very
important to prevent blight and "damping
off." On damp, rich land, place a little
wad of moss under the large fruits, which
rest on the ground, to prevent them from
rotting. Ship the earliest fruits in crates,
the later ones in barrels.
The cucumber has been very extensively
cultivated in Alaehua and parts of other
counties, and under good management has
been a luIrative crop. It requires a pe-
culiar soil to do well; a loose, warm, fairly
rich soil, with a friable yellow clay sub-
soil being best for this vegetable. In
early days the earliest shipments have
been known to bring $20 a crate. The
white spine is a favorite variety. The
soil should be broken up deep and mellow
in the fall; then, again in January, and
at this last plowing throw into beds six
feet wide; along the middle line of this
bed run in a good article of commeral
fertilizer at the rate of about a ton per
acre, and stir it well into the soil with
a bull-tongued plow. Early in February
sow the first seed; drop it in hills about
four feet apart, in a slight furrow, cover
and press the earth down with the foot.
A week or two later plant a second time
in hills equi-distant between the first. Af-
ter ten days or so make a third planting
midway between the first and second. If
frost should kill the first and the second,
the third will probably escape. If all
escape, thin out the plant to one about
every eighteen inches. Market in bsmbel
crates. Ship only long, smooth, green cu-
eumbera; reject all grt, ik ms, yel-


low or erooked fruits. making the proper provisions to shelter
Water-- s their seed-beds. The demand for eslery is
Prior to the freeze, the watermelon had wide-spread and increasing, and there oe-
mot been grown in Florida to the extent ears an interval in the North after the
which the favorable situation of the State winter supply is exhausted, when the crop
would warrant. But since the orange erop from Florida is very acceptable and brings
ha been temporarily cut off, the melon in- good prices. It has been known to sell
dastry has been increased. The water- from 8$ to $8 a box early in the season.
melok should be planted very early to real- sis for these, but a liberal percentage of
ae big prices. The grower should make lands in Florida which are as well adapt-
arrangements to cover his plants on frosty ed to celery culture as those which pro-
nights with pine bark, palmetto leaves, or duee the famous Kalamazoo article.
pieces of board laid on, over square frames Irish Potatoes.
made for that purpose. The land should The potato thrives best and produces
be plowed deep, then replowed, as for eu- best in light, dry, but rich soil, and in the
embers, cheeked off eight feet square, and early part of the season. Wet land pro-
two or three shovels of rich compost de- duces a heavy, clammy tuber, often having
posited at each check. Make a large round a black heart. Well decomposed stable
hill, not raised above the general level, manure is excellent for the potato, but
plant the first seed in one quarter of it: very little of this is employed in Florida;
the second lot a few days later, in a second nearly all growers resort to artificial ma-
quarter: then the third quarter, lastly the nures. Cottonseed meal is a very good ha-
fourth. This gives a succession of plants sis fo these. hut a liberal percentage of
as a security against frost and the depra- potash should be added, as without this
dations of insects. Kolb Gem is the uni- the potatoes grow pale, small and are in-
versal favorite for Northern shipment, lined to be soggy. As with the peach,
though there are many varieties of supe- potash colors the potato. If large, market-
rior flavor planted for home use, because able tubers are desired, no small ones
they will not endure long shipment. For should be planted for seed; they will pro-
Northern shipment the watermelon should duce an abundance of undersized potatoes,
he grown on sandly uplands; if grown in salable only as culls at a third-class price.
the rich hammocks, it will be too tender Take large. clean, smooth potatoes, cut
and brittle to stand handling. This is a them into pieces having about three eyes
crop which should not be grown twice on apiece; this will insure strong, thrifty
the same land in succeeding years; the vines and a moderate number of tubers,
most experienced growers are very em- all of which will probably be large enough
phatic in giving this advice. After the for sale.
plants have grown large enough to fall Plant in rows three feet apart and Vf-
over. there should be an application of teen inches in the row. On dry, light land
good commercial fertilizer, made in a eir- the furrow should be six inches deep or
cular furrow around each hill two feet or more, with the fertilizer scattered and
more distant, or in two parallel furrows, stirred well into the soil; then cover the
one on each side of the hill. The roots of potatoes only two inches or so, the re-
the watermelon run as widely in search of mainder of the covering to be worked in
nourishment as do the vines; hence, there gradually by cultivation, so as to make
should be liberal feeding. a level surface when the potatoes are ready
In making the shipment it is best to to dig. If potatoes are planted shallow
have some private mark which can be and not hilled soon they will suffer more
serathed on each melon, as they can be from a late frost than if planted late and
shipped only in bulk. It is a great mis- hilled up as they grow. Plant from Janu-
take very often committed to ship the ary 15 to March 1, according to latitude
earliest melons too green. The watermelon and exposure to frost.
grower should always, if possible, seek a Of late years no vegetable has been im-
neighborhood where there are enough proved so much as the Irish potato. Since
growers to constitute practically an asso- the introduction of the famous Early
eiation, whether there is one in name or Rose a number of new varieties of great

not. This gives superior shipping facili-
ties, a better opportunity to secure favor-
able transportation rates, etc. There was
a melon growers' association in successful
operation this year, which handled over
half the crop of South Florida, and en-
abled the growers to secure a profit on
each carlad.
Celery is a crop of no small commercial
importance in South Florida. Planted in
the rich muck lands it has been found to
produce heavy rops of an article little
interior to the best from Kalamaoo. The
greatest obstacle in the culture of celery
is the difMulty of raising the plants dar-
ing the alternate hot sunshine and beat-
ing rains of ...kau... bat enterprising
grower overcome a these diliculties by

value have been originated, of which one
of the most esteemed on account of its
earliness is the Early Ohio. But whatever
the variety planted, the farmer should al-
ways be certain that it comes from the
North, and the further north the better,
Nova ScItia seed being better than Maine,
and Maine better than New York.
If warning is received in time potatoes
can generally be protected from a frost by
plowing them under, which, if they were
planted deep as above directed, may be
done rapidly by throwing over them a
single furrow slice with a one-horse plow.
Since the introduction of improved sys-
tems of refrigeration, whether by boxes
or ears, the strawberry industry has been
largely developed, especially on the west-

number under the extensive system. In FLORIDA MA
the second place, it is found more profita-
ble to grow the plants in isolated hills, The Amount of Me
and it would be a waste of space to set so Out in
small a plant as the strawberry a wide From the biennial
as would be necessary to permit horse mss er o A l
culture. The advantage in isolated hills is extracted regardn
is that in the late winter and early spring, counties ad apital
when the strawberry matures in Florida, wages paid, as follow
the sun is still so low in the horizon that wage fo
the berries will not be well colored unless cnt
the sun is permitted to shine freely all A hu ......
around the plant. High color in a berry Baker ...........
is the most important requirement in mak- Bradford .........
ing it sell welL It is more important Brevard ........
than large size or good flavor. In fact, Calhoun ..........
most Florida strawberries, maturing so trus..........
early in the season as they do, are tol-
erably acid and hard, compared with those Cy ............
ripening two or three months later in the IDaue .........
Northern States; but these qualities ren- De8 to..........
der them excellent shippers, so that they De o ...........
go through in good condition, and this, to- ual ............
gether with their splendi(t color, gives Fcambki.........
them the preference in the market over all Franklin .........
others from the Southern States. Gadsden .......
Another peculiarity in the system of Hamilton........
strawberry culture in this State is that Hernando .......
commercial fertilizers are almost exelusive- Hillsborough ......
ly employed. Animal manures and cotton- Holmes .........
seed are found to be too strong in the Jackson .........
nitrogenous element; they render the fruit Jefferon .........
soft and difficult of shipment; whereas Lafayette ........
mineral fertilizers, containing a liberal Lke ............
percentage of potash and phosphoric acid Lee ..............
causes them to grow firm and endure Leon ............
transportation well. They also improve Ley .............
the flavor, as it is found that vegetable Liberty ..........
and animal manures, unless they have adison ..........
been rotted many months, import an in- Manatee ..........
sipid flavor, with a watery pulp. Marion ...........
General itema Monroe ...........
There are not a few elements of uneer- Nassau .........
tainty in the business of truck farming, Orag ...........
but the prudent, vigilant, industrious osola ..........
grower, who chooses his crop and location Psco ............
wisely and adheres to the same line of Polk.............
products from year to year, seldom fails Putnam ..........
to secure a fair profit and a comfortable St. Johns.........
living. The fabulous prices received for Santa Rosa .......
early Florida products ten or fifteen years Sumter ...........
ago have continued to exert to this day Suwannee ........
an injurious effect on this industry, in Taylor ..........
causing men to expect higher prices than Volusia ..........
the rapidly increasing production and Wakulla ..........
competition will warrant. All Florida Walton ...........
crops are settling down to the basis of Washington ......
staple productions with only average
prices. The truck farmer should make Total .........
every possible provision to save the waste, There has been ft
the over-ripe, defective fruits and vege- crease since the issm
tables, the remainder left over after the urea.


ey Invested sa Paid
report of State COm-
ure MeLin for 19056
ag manufactures by
invested therein and

CapitaL Wages.
3,335,835 $ 1,011,2
215,300 101,7560
392,300 147,6
190,800 148,180
383,275 10,386
2,794,000 0.2,400
442,e80 161,20
860,480 484,110
157,625 129,000
60o6300 1",750
3,3Ma,386 1,50(6430
1,12,395 639,171
448,00 308,824
92,163 33,35
73200 290,700
598,900 146,980
3,985,100 2,468,006
556,100 25,400
412,500 206,820
100,305 68,413
d47,500 87,540
1,276,600 227,39s
20,100 8,060
456,425 176,30
617,725 281,952
47,200 30,750
295,100 131,860
1956,00 1,800
1,758,350 611,228
2,864,450 1,72,438
1,507,000 532,00
281,00 139,956
93,800 40,806
1,771,250 333,033
1,965,950 542,17
751,135 641,430
911,650 22,B.
898,00 488,80
917,900 257,81
300.100 95,800
506,600 135,900
1,072,900 218,940
221,84 186,1560
1,506,7 612,86
471,700 185,170

12,157,00J $18,048,699
lly a 5 per cent in-
ince of the above fg-

ern slope of the peninsula. A log chain
of stations, each raising from 25 to 150
acres, extends down along this side of the
peninsula, from Clay County to Hillsboro,
and in the height of the shipping season
a special service is established by the three
railroads traversing this section for the
rapid dispatch of the fruit. It is carried
on passenger train time, although some
times the connecting lines in the North-
ern States are blocked with Florida prod-
uce about this time and delays occur.
One peculiarity of strawberry culture in
Florida is that its cultivation is performed
almost entirely by hand, with light gar-
dening implements. The reason for this
is that the profits on two or three acres
managed under the intensive system are
greater than they would be on twice that

season of profitable shipment eesas. To
do this he should. keep a certain amount
of live stock, and neighbors should elb
together to establish canneries on a small
scale, to preserve for family use the prod-
uets which otherwise they would be com-
pelled to purchase from Northern importa-
tions. Great care should be exercised in
the selection of high-class seeds, not the
cheap goods offered by stores selling any-
thing and everything on commission; also,
in securing fertilizers from trustworthy
dealers, who will furnish an article of
standard value. Above all, it is impor-
tant to carry on truck farming in a looa-
tion where there are enough neighbors en-
gaged in the same pursuit to constitute a
body of shippers able to make terms with
transportation lines and secure facilities.


Pioneer Germans of Jacksonville

The average Jacksonvillian of today lit-
tle realizes the wonderful part the Ger-
mans took in the early days to help uplift
and build our great city from 1852 when
the first German, Mr. Frederick Lueders
came to Jacksonville. Up to the present
day the Germans have played a most
permanent part in the building of our city,
not only in a commercial way, but also in
a social and moral respect.
There are today many living Germans
in our city who could tell almost incred-
ible stories which are positive facts of
the wonderful values in real estate today
that could have been purchased for vir-
tually a song at the time they first came
to Jacksonville. Among these early set-
tlers were Mr. Frederick Lueders, Mr. J.
D. Witsehen, Mr. Neal Witschen, Mr. J.
L. Kornahrens, Mr. Peters, Mr. Geo.
Stokes, Mr. Win. Goethe, Mr. Morris Keil,
Mr. Chas. Poeting, Mr. Schuehardt, Mr. W.
H. Itjen, Claus Meyer and Gus Muller end
others. Space will not permit the unfoll-
ing of the wonderful stories and the pur-
port of this article will be a short tio-
graphical sketch of the two oldest living
Germans in Jacksonville today, Mr. Fred-
erick Lueders and Mr. J. D. Witehen.

Frederick Lneder.
Mr. Lueders was born at Hanover, Ger-
many, in 1835. At 15 years of age he came
to this country and landed at Philadel-
phia. He followed the butcher trade for 6
years, and in 1851 he went to Charleston,
S. C. South Carolina at that time was the
Lone Star State, and was raising volun-
teers to carry out its plans to secede
from the Union and Mr. Lueders joined
Company H, Second U. S. Artillery.
The following year, 1852, Mr. Lueders
came to Jacksonville at which time the
population was about 250 there being only
two small general stores here. The popu-
lation was scattered as it was virtually
all farms growing principally cotton and
corn. After a short stay in Jacksonville
Mr. Lueders went to Palatka and from
there to the Indian nation where he par-
ticipated in some of the early Indian wars
against the great Indian chief, Billy Bow
In 1857 he returned to Jacksonville at
which time Mr. Neal Witschen was here
in the grocery business. Upon his return
to Jacksonville he was appointed deputy
sheriff, which office he held for nine years.
Mr. Lueders is a true type of a typical
German gentleman, refined, even-tempered
and possesses a most remarkable memory.
In speaking of his service as sheriff he
said there was nothing that was really
very interesting excepting the surrender
of Jacksonville during the Civil War.
After a few persuasive questions, he con-
tinned: In 1802 all of the men had enlist-
ed in the service, and I was the only offi-
cer, in fact the only man in the eity, ex-
cept one very old man. and was left in
charge of the wives and families. One day
as I was standing on the river bank at
the foot of Laura street. I saw the flagship
Pawnee and three gun boats come steam-
ing up the river and drop anchor of the
foot of Main street. Smiling, he contin-

ued. I was getting pretty well scared
when the thought flashed through my
head, "If they bombard Jacksonville it will
be nothing short of murder and I was left
here to protect the women and children.
At the time I happened to have a stick
in my hand and noting the guns were
turned toward Jacksonville I took my
handkerchief out of my pocket tied it to
the stick and raised it high over my head.
I waived it vigorously.
General Wright who was in charge of
the fleet saw the peace signal and with his
aids came ashore. Upon landing I told
him the existing circumstances and beg-
ged him not to open fire on the city. He
said he would not and for me to come on
board and after I had explained to him
that I was the only officer in the city
left in charge of the women and children
he requested me to sign the surrender pa-
pers which I did. General Wright explain-
ed to me that his mission here was a peace
errand and that he hoped Florida would
not suffer the havoc of war. Upon my
return to the city I found to my surprise
he had placed 1,500 troops and had his
pickets out.
After the war Mr. Lueders engaged in
the butcher business. During his life he
has made at least two fortunes and at one
time owned all of LaVille selling half of
it to Mr. F. F. L'l.gle.

Mr. J. D. Witschen.
Mr. J. D. Witschen came to Jacksonville
in 1859 from Charleston, S. C., to engage
in business with his brother Mr. Neal
Witschen. Their store being located at
Bay and Newnan street in a building own-
ed by Mr. John Broward, the grandfather
of Governor Broward. The population at
that time was about 1,500 over half of
which were colored. Mr. Wn. Gothe kept
a jewelry store at Forsyth and Newnan
streets. Mr. Gotbe was the postmaster
and the building was about 10x20. Mr.
Morris Keil was in the general merchan-
dise business and Mr. Chas. Poeting kept
a har. Mr. Neal Witschen died in 1860;
two years after his death the war broke
out and Mr. Wittschen returned to
Charleston Upon his return to Jackson-
ville in 1865 he opened up a general store
at the corner of Main and Adame street
in a building erected by Charles Slager,
the late Judge Dzlinski's father-in-law.
One year and a half after Mr. Wittschen
moved to Thomas Hawe's block on Bay
street, opposite where Drew's book store
is now. He built his own building the
following year on Ocean street which was
destroyed in the fire of 1901. Mr. Witt-
schen remained in this store until 1878
when he sold out and and rented the store.
After which he went for a trip to his old
home in Germany where he stayed a year
and a half.
Mr. Wittschen was married in 1870 in
Charleston to Miss Adeline Determan and
has a family of six children, four girls,
Miss Anna. Adeline, Lizzie, Matilda and
two boys. John C. and Neal Henry. He
also has one grand child, James Bryce.
After his return from Germany Mr.
Wittachen started a grocery store whare

The Pineapple Industry of Florida

This industry had its inception eighteen son with other states, so far as the Mili-
years ago. Possibly a few were known ty of these lands to produce a livelihod
prior to that time. Transportation at and a substantial profit is cocerand.
that period was so slow and uncertain that The growth of the pineapple industry
so perishable a fruit could not be safely in Brevard county has been along saf,
grown in quantities because of the uncer- conservative lines, and it has developed
tainty in marketing the crop. With the because of its inherent proftablems.
advent of a railroad to Titusville and the There has been no boom, and no attempt
Indian River Steamboat Company's steam- groves, and no danger, either immdiat
ers down the river, the industry took on or remote, of over-production. A kindly
new life. The Florida East Coast Railway welcome and a helping hand are always
still further opened up the markets of extended to the intending settler.
the country and put the pineapple fields No part of the state has shown greater
and the great cities of the country within enthusiasm in the cultivation of pneap-
a few days of each other. Rapid transit in ples, or in the application of carefully de-
better cars and with other care has made veloped scientific methods, than Orlasid
possible the fuller maturity of the fruit and its neighborhood in Orange county.
before leaving the field. In this locality are many fe pire
At the time the memorable cold wave varying in extent from a few hundred
of 1894-95 reached us the pineapple crop plants to ten or twelve acres each. The
had grown from a few to 65,000-barrel size and quality of the friut are greatly
crates in 1894., These crates were 12x20x36 enhanced by the improved methods er-
inches in size, and held a trifle over a played, as well as advantages of a pea-
barrel. They weighed 100 pounds, and liar adaptability of soil Florida Hoe,
held from 50 to 18 pines, according to Farm and Field makes this calculation:
siz. The bulk of the crop was within the "To set an acre of land requires frm
above range. This quantity would be the 8.000 to 10,000 plants. At present priem
equivalent of about 130,000 of the pres- these can be furnished at an average of
ent "standard" crates. 5 cents each. Preparation of lad and
The severe cold waves of December, '94 setting out will cost about $100 per are.

Pineapple Growth in Florida.
and Fe'.ruary. '95. reduced the industry to Land suitable for pineapples and well sit-
almost first principles, but so much vigor uated for transportation can be had at 8 6
did the plants show, and so splendidly did to $50 per acre. In sections more remote
they respond to good care, intelligent fer- from transportation, the land caa be
tilizing and experienced management, that bought for from $5 to $10 per acre. Culti-
the most thoroughly posted growers were vation and care of plants on one see
astonished at their marvelous recupera- for one crop, say two years eighteene
tive powers. months is the usual time to produce a
The amount of sand suitable for their crop from the, start), need not eost sme
culture is not so large as would at first than $200. Fertilizers and applying same
appear. The high ridges of spruce pine, will not cost more than $75.
oak, hickory are the best. Twenty-five "O a ae th planted a sta
feet of altitude seems to be worth 50 miles anaere us pla ted ao stably
of latitude, so far as immunity from pared for one may ent eacte 8ma n 00 ap
frosts is concerned. High, dry, thoroughly ples, wort 20 cents each, making an
drained land has proven the best adapted and 40,000 plants, worth, say at m-half
and the most profitable. There is no averagee price, 2 12 cents each, mki
space for a discussion of these points, nor ,000, or a p
for anything extensive on methods of cul- "This will leave the pinery as a amoet
ture, fertilizers, etc. worth all it cost and a net prolt over and
The impression is erroneous that good above of $1,200 on one acre in two yeas
pineapple land cannot be bought for a from beginning. One man can care for
reasonable price. When the profitable re- three acres except at resetting an er-
sults of the past ten years' operations are vesting. This extra labor for two years
considered, we believe the prices are rea- nee dnot cost more than $1,0 on the
sonable and will hear fienrhli eomsri- three seres.
the express office now s a.a, atayedrA tlere ...ustr, Uso a s exalter ruler of the ik
for six years until 1888, when he retired and one of Jacksonville's most prominent
from active business life. Mr. Wittschen business men.
served as councilman two terms in the Henry Peters came to Jacksommele in
early 80s. 1855. He was Mr. Witaebea's udele. He
Mr. Wittschen is a most affable gentle- engaged in the grocery bminess and Mr.
man and one of Jacksonville's most suc- J. Hildebrandt bought him out in 181.
cesful business men. He is a large prop- Mr. Henry Arpen was in the greery
erty holder and is living a quiet life with business in 1869 and Mr. Stokes who eam
his family at 720 Julia street. here before Mr. Wittachen had a groeery
A great many of the other Germans who store, also a large vineyard.
came to our city in the pioneer days de- Today the Germans of Jacksonville are
serve special mention as they were all of just as energetic and possess the mam
the true German type, thrifty, saving and stock and traits of the early settlers and
industries and have done a wonderful part represent a power in the financial world
in the aggression of Jacksonville. In pass- that would be impossible to estimate.
ing will mention a few of them: Mr. J. L. The Saengerfest which was given here
Kornahrens started a bottling works. Mr. last month was a demonstration of their
W. H. Itjen was a clerk for Mr. Hilde- wonderful social ability and the muical
lirandt, afterwards opened a grocery store features will go down in the history of
;n East Jacksonville. Claus Meyer and Jacksonville as being the most elsaieal
George Muller were partners in the grocery and best entertainment ever given in Jack-
business. Mr. Muller is the father of Gus sonville.

- - - - - --i. I
__- _-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -------- -- - - - - - - --2- -_ __ __- __- . . . . . . . . . .
- - - - - ---- -- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s-- - -n se-- -

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hsse bah msse s s ssp ---------I


Naval Store Awaiting Shipment at a Florida Port

When the manufacture of naval of this export company had much to do
stores was first commenced in this State with a marked advance of prices and for
many years ago, the people of Florida lit- several years the operators throughout
tie dreamed of the great extent that the the belt, including the states of Florida,
industry was to assume and the impor- Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louis-
tant part it was to play in the industrial iana, were receiving good returns for
and commercial development of the State. their product and were prospering beyond
When the pines of North and South their most sanguine expectations.
Carolina and of Georgia were being bled But during the past two or three years
for this product, there were a few who the operations have again become care-
ventured this far South and engaged in les, and it may truthfully be said
the manufacture of naval stores. At that the industry in its every branch is
that time the markets were far remov- at the present time in a very chaotic con-
ed from the field of operation in Flori- dition
da, Wilmington being the chief naval The table published in connection with
stores port. this article gives at a glance the great
But gradually the pine forests of the extent of the naval stores industry in
three States mentioned became depleted Florida at the time that the stattistics
and Florida was reached in the natural were prepared by the department of agri-
southern trend in the travel of one of culture of this state.
the greatest industries of the South. With
the travel of the still south came a METHODS KIPLOYED IM
change in the points for marketing. NAVAL STORES MAKING
First, Charleston took the lead over
Wilmington, though that city never While the general public has been led to
reached the zenith in the extent of product is barrelled and ready for ship-
trade which was soon acquired by Sa- tine and rosin is a simple process from
vanmh. the time that the tree is boxed until the
Savannah captured the naval stores product is varrelled and ready for ship-
market in about 1880 and held it for up- meant, this is not the case. In every
ward of twenty years, when Jacksonville branch of the making, naval stores re-
became a factor in the marketing of naval quires more or less skill, the distilling
stores. process especially being attended with
Floridians may point with pride to the the greatest care. A model naval stores
fact that while the manufacture and farm has much that is of interest to a
marketing of naval stores has done a visitor if he has not previously been
great deal for that State, it was not un- shown the operations through their sev-
til the business became extensive in Flor- eral branches. Beginning with boxing
ida that it was placed on a basis which there are various interesting processes
made it profitable to the operator. It employed before the product is finally
was the successful effort of the operators barrelled and ready to send to market.
to get together that brought the indus- Two varieties of the pine are worked
try up to a standard where it proved of for naval stores. They are what tech-
beneft to the producer and to the com- nically known as the "pinus australis"
mercial and industrial interests of Flri- and the "pinus taeda," or to use terms
da and other states which are known to people generally-
It was in 1901 that a movement was the long and short leaved pine. These
inaugurated in Jacksonville seeking to two varieties of the yellow pine are
bring about a general co-operation of found only on the Western Hemisphere
the operators adl factors in the interest and below the boundary commonly known
of prices which would in a measure at as the Masons and Dixon line.
least prove profitable. The old method for securing the crude
The history of the organization of the turpentine from the pine, and the one
Turpentine Operators Association, which more generally in use at the present
comprised in its membership operators time is the system of "boxing." A iQeg-
in the entire naval stores belt, is well ulation box is supposed to be thirteen
known. Following the organization of inches in length and seven inches in
that association there was some relief width from lip to back. Notches above
from the deplorable condition of affairs the top of this box causes the gum to
which existed previous to that time. The flow downward into it, where it col-
exporters apparently had control of the lects in the bottom until the box is finally
situation and were using their advan- filled.
tage for their own gains, while opera- The number of these boxes to each
tors were struggling against three very tree varies as to the size of the timber,
serious problems-the excessive prices of' some trees having as many as four,
labor, the increased prices of timber and though this is seldom the case. The dip-
the lack of prices to meet conditions ping takes place when the boxes are full,
Following the organization of this as- the crude turpentine being placed in the
soeiation there came an improvement "dip" barrels and removed to the still
which lasted for several years, during The "dipping" occurs at regular inter-
which time an export company with a vals.
capital of $1,000,00 was organized by Two thousand one hundred trees con-
operators and factors. The organization statute what is known by those familiar

with the industry as a "drift." Five
drifts constitute a "crop." The locality
of a crop of timber is generally rectan-
gular in shape, one quarter of a mile
wide and one-half mile in length, accord-
ing to the thickness of the timber. The
resinous sap flowing into the boxes is
known as "gum" or dips. Virgin "dip" is
the flow during the first year after the
tree is boxed and is the most valuable,
producing better spirits and clearer rosin.
Yearling "dip" is that which flows after
the first year. Usually five months cover
the duration of the gum collecting period
though the season is at times lengthened
by warm and late fall. The barrels of
dip are removed to the still in wagons
this being one of the most expensive fea-
tures of the industry.
The "still" is generally an open shed
supported by four or more heavy posts
and averages about twenty-fve feet
square. The "still" proper is a copper
retort, bulb shape and varies in sie and
capacity from fifteen to forty barrels of
fifty-two gallons. The greater portion of
its bulk is encased in masonry, the up-
per part only protruding. A copper cap,
several feet in height, and gradually di-
minishing in diameter as it rises above
the retort, connects with a worm or con-
densing tube. This cap is removable and
has handles upon two sides, by means
of which it may be removed while the
retort is being charged. Close to the
still and covered by the same roof is a
large wooden tank into which the water
and turpentine is allowed to flow after
condensation. On the opposite side of
the still is a platform where the wagon
unload the barrels of collected dip. To
charge the still with the crude turpentine
the cap is removed and the required
amount of dip poured in, allowing suffi-
cient space to provide for the expansion
of the crude turpentine under heat. The
cap is then replaced and fire kindled un-
der the retort. In the meantime a flow
of cold water is started into circulation
around the worm by a pump, or some-
times by the flow from an artesian welL
At the required temperature, about 316
degrees Farenheit the dip melts and
begins to foam and then the vapor com-
mences to traverse the coils of the worm.
Gradually assuming a liquid form it
merges as water and turpentine. The
length of time that "change" has foamed
is always determined by the roaring
sound that comes from the interior of the
retort, the heat being too great for any
thermometer to register. The skill of the
operator is alone depended upon at this
stage and the skilled operator can al-
ways tell when a sufficient time has
passed by the nature of the sound. If the
turpentine has been skillfully made and
has not been scorched it is termed
"water white." If schorced its color is
light brown and its value commercially
decreased. Being lighter than the water
with which it is mixed the turpentine
comes to the surface. It is then placed

into clean white oak barrels, make,
headed up and is ready for shipment.
There is a great deal of labor nees-
sary at a turpentine farm. A great
many hands are kept n hand, homed
and fed, by means of the commissary,
and in addition to this there is a great
deal of stock necessary to maintain the
farm. The men in the woods, those who
look after the chipping, boxing and dip-
ping are in charge of a "woods rider"
whose duty it is to see that the work in
the woods is carried on properly. The
regulation of labor is one of the most
trying features of the life of the mama-
facture of naval stores.

The spread and general scope of the
naval stores industry in the South forms
one of the strikingly interesting features
in connection with this great industry.
Years ago when the operation were
confined to North Carolina alone, and
when Wilmington was the only naval
stores market, the records show that the
greatest shipment of naval stores for em
year from Wilmington was 109,070 bar-
rels. That is not a circumstance to
what is being shipped annually at the
present time.
When the industry migrated from
North Carolina it was because the forest
of the Old North State had become de-
pleted. The industry removed to South
Carolina and for years the operation
were confined to that state. It was next
Georgia, and now Georgia has become al-
most exhausted. In fact there is hardly
a place in that state where the operators
are not back-boxing today.
But when it became Florida's turn, in-
stead of moving South only, the indus-
try spread to the west, Alabama Mis-
sissippi and Louisiana being occupied al-
most at the same time. Today the naval
stores belt includes several states, though
it has dawned upon those interested that
when the industry has become exhausted
in the belt as it stands today, there
will be no more states to occupy; no
more sections and localities to give fur-
ther life to an industry which has been
fought with so many novel features and
which has produced such vast wealth for
the South. Even the northern part of
Florida is resorting to back boxing, and
the best sites for naval stores farms
have been occupied.
With all of the territory which has
been covered by the industry, Florida
stands in the lead as to the character of
her pines for the manufacture of naval
stores. Every operator who has been en-
gaged in the industry in any of the sev-
eral states has no hesitancy in making
the statement that the pine tree of the
high rolling Florida pine lands is far su-
perior to all others for spirits of turpen-
tine and rosin. They have produced mo-e
abundantly and the best grades that have
been shipped in all the years that the


manufacture of naval stores has been
known a an industry have gone from
Today there are some good locations
in the southern part of the state, which
have not been occupied, but it must be
admitted that they are few.
One of the most remarkable features
of the industry has been the rise of pine
lands. Years ago, to use the words of
an old operator "you could give a cracker
a side of bacon and barrel of flour and box
every tree on all the lands he owned."
How different it is today. From as low
as twenty-five cents an acre the pine
lands are today selling for as high as
$10 per acre and there are only a few
tracts which can be had for less than
OS per acre.
While the prices of spirits and rosin
have advanced during recent years the
prices of labor and the prices of land have
kept a proportionate pace with it. While
it is said that the zenith in the prices
of pine lands has been reached, there is
* no one who is in a position to state
with any degree of positiveness that this
is the ase. Land timbered with yellow
pie may bring a higher price tomorrow
tha it does today.

-* The producer, while he is and always
will be the most important man in the
man-fature of naval stores, the factor
as e is called has always exercised a
great deal of importance in the industry
because of the character of the offices he
has performed in the making and the
sale of spirits and rosin.
Briefly making, the factor is the man
who has sie the industry was known,
been looking after the marketing of the
produce of the naval stores farms. It is
he who has in the- majority of cases
finsned the operator, looked after his
business to a marked degree and seen to
it that his produce was sold at the most
advantageous prices.
In the past the operator was solely
dependent upon the factor, and in the
majority of eases it was the factor who
advanced money with which to begin
operations and who paid his drafts when
presented in the general course of the
bminem. Without the men who have
been styled factors and who have had
their headquarters at the exporting
points, the naval stores business today
would not be as extensive as it is.
While this may be regarded as a pe-
culalr state of affairs, the operators
have always looked upon the factors as a
mot important adjunct to the industry
in which they have been engaged. All
this was the ease in years gone by to a
greater extent than it is at the present
time. But this is in large measure due
to the fact that the factors and opera-
tors are coming closer together today
and that owing to the factors becoming
interested in operating, the universal need
of the factor in the industry is not so
strikingly apparent as it was in the years
that have passed. In other words the
operator is becoming his own factor, or
the reverse, the factor is becoming more
delely identified with operating than for-
It has been the factors who have looked
after the welfare of the producer. It is
a fact worth noting in this connection
that it was the factors of Jacksonville
who were largely responsible and who in
Let inaugurated the 1901 movement for
the organization of the Turpentine Oper-
S ators' Association. The work of the fac-
tor in this connection brought to the
producers thousands* of dollars in the
shape of better prices for their produce
and a greater degree of independence than
was formerly exercised.
It has been the factor who has watched
the trend of affairs and who has always
taken the first steps to bring about a
remedy for them.
And today the factor is doing business
at the same old stand and still maintains
through his indefatagueable efforts in
the interest of the great naval stores in-
dustry the confidence of the operator. It
will be the same for years to come.

The lack of an adequate plan of dis-
tribution is perhaps the greatest draw-

back of the naval stores industry today.
Why this should be the ease is hard to
account for. The naval stores factor is
a man of more than ordinary business
ability. The business in which he is en-
gaged has a great many technical fea-
tures and the factor of today is as a rule
the man who has stared at the business
many years ago and who is familiar
with it.
But the greatest incompetency app-ars
to be a feature of the distribution of
spirits of turpentine and rosin. The
main fault is that the operators dispose
of the crop during the producing sea-
sen. During that season, the exporters
have taken advantage of the supply and
have contracted the prices because of it,
while when the producing season is over
and the great bulk of the naval stores
produced during the naval stores year
is in their hands they have no trouble
in disposing of it at greatly increased
prices. The fact is after the producing
season spirits range from ten to twenty
cents per gallon higher and remain at
the advanced figure until the producer
has more goods to dispose of.
How different wth cotton, the surplus
on hand finding its way into warehouses,
there to remain until the demand again
becomes active. In this way the prices of
cotton are kept more stationary. But
with naval stores everything is placed on
the market with a rush.
Of course a great part of this is due
to the fact that the operator and factor
is not kept in touch with the consumer,
the exporter working to the disadvan-
tage of both because of the distance be-
tween the men who produce and those
who consume the product.
But there is at last a promise of a
change. Factors and operators are see-
ing the necessity of becoming more close-
ly related with the consumer and in a
measure joining their issues. This is not
all The warehouse plan is gaining in
popularity, and while the situation ap-
pears rather dark today, there is a
gleam of hope when one contemplates the
present inclination to patronize the
warehouse plan while looking into the fu-
The domestic distribution of naval
stores is today in the hands largely of
the Standard Oil Company, and but little
is to be expected from that source, unless
the operators and factors more closely
unite and make a firm stand and fight for
their rights, while the European market
appears easily handled by the exporter.

The conditions of the naval stores in-
dustry at the present time cannot be re-
garded favorably. There are various
drawbacks which are serving to seriously
handicap the producers and factors and
which appear to be reaching an aggravat-
ed form.
The paramount trouble appears to be in
the manpiulation of the market by the
exporters, but this is not all. The in-
dustry has suffered from a series of
calamities during the past few months,
which have hit the producer hard.
Storms, forest fires and drouths have in-
terfered with the operator and has inter-
fered at a frightful cost.
A puzzling feature is while the con-
ditions in the woods has served to
greatly reduce the output, the prices
have fallen instead of increased. At the
beginning of the present producing season
a careful estimate placed the crop ten per
cent short. This estimate was based, as
a matter of course on the box cut. Then
came the fires of the late spring. In
some of the counties of this state the loss
to operators was fearful and reduced
as a whole the estimated output by five
per cent.
To add to the troubles of the operator
there came the drouth, which in the coun-
ties farther south worked great havoc to
the industry and further reduced the es-
timated output.
Taking everything into account the re-
ports available from all parts of the
naval stores belt it is safe to state that
the yield this year will fall short of that
of last year by at least twenty-two per
cent. And even taking into account, and
with a knowledge of these conditions

which has spread throughout the produe- necessity of standingg together and are
ing and consuming world, the prices of cultivating the policy of warehoues with
spirits have ranged much lower than at encouraging effect. The time is coming
the opening of the season. when the factors will have succeeded in
But the operators and factors are securing better confidence with the pro-
promising themselves better things for ducer and also a more thorough and more
the future. They are again seeing the effective method of distribution.


Alachua ..... ....
Baker ..........
Bradford ................
Brevard ..... .......
Calhoun ................
Citrus ..... .. ..... .
Clay ............... ...
Columbia . . . .
Dade (a) .............
DeSoto . ......... ....
Duval .. ......... ....
Escambia (i.) .........
Franklin ................
Gadsden .....
Hamilton ..........
Hernando ...........
Hillsborough ............
Holmes .........
Jackson .............. ..
Jefferson .............
Lafayette ...............
ake ... . .... . ... .
Lee (b) ...............
Leon ...........
Levy . . . . . . . . .
Liberty .................
Madison .... ... ..... .
Manatee ................
Marion .. .. ..........
Monroe (I.) .............
Nassau .................
Orange ..................
Osceola .. ..............
Pasco .... ...........
Polk .. .. ...... ... ...
Putnam .... ...........
St. Johns ................
Santa Rosa .............
Sumter .................
Suwannee ...............
Taylor ..................
Voluia ..............
W akulla ..............
W alton ..... .. ......
Washington .............

Total ..............

o. of Es-


9 .




$ 527.250






No. Wage Total
Earners. Wages.
733 $ 190,700
177 39,000
412 94,468
165 85,730
532 105,700
840 175.000
429 106,000
585 168,000

457 76,750
450 28,500

89 35,000
84 15,000
173 43,000
481 92.000
298 144,400
533 184,600
548 108,645
177 44,000
426 87540
550 156,250

106 63,200
521 96,800
103 30,500
497 107,200
120 26,000
1,118 281,680

551 150,000
260 118,750
93 19,000
595 99,000
300 75,000
525 115,455
622 111,500
1,296 421,500
420 130,000
47 10,400
774 133,700
466 67,000
456 107,000
726 216,180
922 180,170

18,765 $4,539,318

Value of






(a) Has no turpentine industry.
(b) No turpentine industry at time of census.
*This is the last official report, which was issued last year. A report brought up
to date would show tremendous gains over these figures.

One of the greatest needs of the State
of Florida, so far as immigration is con-
cerned, is a plan for the intelligent distri-
bution of the many people who come to
this State in search of homes. It is a
fact that in the past there has been noth-
ing done in this respect. Instead of meet-
ing the trainloads of homeseekers which
the railroads have been bringing into this
State from year to year there has been
nothing done, and those who have come
in the hope of finding a suitable location
for homes have returned to the North or
East disgusted with the State. Had there
been a well directed effort made in this
respect Florida would today have a great
many more desirable citizens who would
have taken a prominent part in the up-
building of their State.

Florida is noted for her many beautiful
lakes. There are a great many lakes in
Florida and nearly every county in the
State has a number of large ones. These
lakes afford facilities for pleasure and are
of great service in other ways.

Florida is noted for its great-tourist ho-
tels, and can boast of the largest hotel in
the world, the Royal Poinciana at Palm
Beach. Throughout the State there are
a great many magnificent hostelries, which
cater to the tourists who swarm to Flor-
ida every winter.

Florida has the deepest water ports in
the Southern States. Fernandina is the
deepest water port south of Norfolk and
the most available port in the Southern
States. Pensacola is the best Gulf port,
and there are many others. The govern-
ment has been extremely liberal in dealing
with Florida in this respect and the indi-
cations are that the improvements in the
ports of the State are to be great for the
next several years.

There is not a more independent man in
the world than the Florida farmer, who
knows the opportunities and the advan-
tages of his State and who profits by his
knowledge. The farmer who will plan
carefully and who is not afraid of work
cannot only live in comfort, but can lay
up a competence for the future. The rea-
sons for this are plain. You can raise
almost anything in Florida and the far-
mer is compelled to buy less here them
in any State.

Every church is well represented in
Florida. While the Methodists, Baptists,
Presbyterians, Episcopalians and C(tho-
lies lead in point of membership, the other
denominations are well represented| In
every county of the State there are
churches of nearly every one of the most
prominent denominations and the magnifi-
cent church buildings of Floriad are a sub-
ject of pride for her citizens.


JAMuE A. MOLLOMO. Eakr~-C ies.
A. MAR. ..Dm.nsm... M.an. 4r.
Pasfbshed Even SaAurdav.

.Tft Pk*he and .e Vrtuoe."
A3 emminlealmu chauM bir

The IndutriJ lRecord Company,
Jacimonevlle. Fia.
randb Edgerld aend bsuness OBoos a
savarnua. Ga.
Mtired at te Pestosce at Jacksonrte. Fla..
aseooo-eim matter
Adopted by the Executive Co*mmitte of
th Turpentine Operator' Association
September 12, 1M9, as its excsive offi-
cial ora. Adopted in annual cownvntion
Setemabr 11 a the organ lso of the gem-
goIa assoiation.
Adopted April 27th, 190s, as the official
orpa of the Interstate Cane Grower' As-
soeation. Adopted September 11, 190, as
the only official organ of the T. 0. A.
Commended to lumber people by special
resolution adopted by the Georgia Sawmill

The publMhin plat and the main of-
ace of the Iadtrial Record Company
are located at the intersection of Bay and
Newaan Streets, Jaksonville, Fl., in the
ver heart of the great turpentine and
yeow pine indtrie.
The Savamu G, offiee is i the Board
of Trade Buildig. Savanah i the lead-
ig open naval stores market ia the world.

'Rh Industrial Record orsents its read-
ers this eek with a special number devot-
ed to that all important subject, Immigra-
tion-immigration to Florida in particular.
The preparation of a large, comprehensive
special edition is no easy task. It will only
take a glance through these pages to eo n-
vince the layman that this particular
number represents days and weeks of
work, not alone on the part of the men
charged with its editorial and compilation
work, but on the part of many others,
business and professional men, banker,
governors, farmers, etc, whose interest in
the question in subject is such as to war-
rant them in the preparation of special
articles that serve to present the immigra-
tion question in all of its phases and from
every standpoint of exmeneMe and intelli-
gen. While it has taken long, tedion.
wek, however, to edit, compile and pub-
lish this number, it .is no new odertak
ing for the Industrial Record. This paper
publishes special editions at frequent in-
tervals and it has made a path all i;%
own by its own methods of enterprise au L
progress. In presenting this number to
its thousands of readers, herefor, it does
so without any high-sounding sentences
or outbursts of gallery rhetoric-we pre-
sent it to you for what it is worth, you to
be the judge, and if it accomplishes the
purposes for whieh it is intended, the turn-
ing toward Florida of a tide of desiraLle
immigrants, and homeseekers, we shall he
We are always proud of our paper, a%
every person should be proud of his own,
but we are prouder yet of Florida and her
boundless resources and almost limitless
opportunities; and in this issue we as*r
that you forget the RecordJ forget the ar-
tistic beauty of its tyoography-the neat-
aes and symmetry of its press register, anW.
think of ten subject matter that we a.c-
discussing-think of Forida, and what
Florida offers to the immigrant, the home-
seeker, the investor. When this is done
them turn to the Record as a business
proposition, consider its value to you, sub
eribe to it, and keep in closer touch wi*h
the state and section th.it interests you
and to which your eyes are turned.

S What Florida Needs Is More Advertising

This question, so far as Florids is con-
cerned, is mainly a question of advertising.
Florida should secure a vast number of
desirable people and can secure them if
she will only try. Whether we get them
from Germany, or get them from Georgia,
whether we secure the 0snadian farmer
or the Italian peasant, it is the matter of
reaching them by literature followed by
personal explanation by energetic agents,
and we can easily turn the tide, can easily
overcome the adverse conditions which ap-
parently surround every effort to induce
new people to come into our territory.
It is an old adage that "effort brings
success." California has spent millions and
is spending them yet and in spite of the
unfavorable conditions of the market, m
spite of the-earthquake and drouths that
never end, California has grown in wealth
and population to a remarkable degree and
is still growing and will continue to grow
because she advertises with the same lib-
erality which has ever marked her as a
distinguishing characteristic.
California as an advertiser compares
among States with Wanamaker among the
clothing trade, or Dr. Pierce among the
patent medicine men, or Ostrander among
the real estate people, and California gets
the business.
Texas as an advertiser classes with Cal-
ifornia, and Texas is getting the real good
of an immigration movement far beyond
any other Southern State.
Anyone may note by the industrial
bulletin that Texas is getting more new
enterprises and new people by far than
any other State in the South.
Florida has so much of the natural re-
sources, so much.of the diversified inter-
ests which can be developed, until it seems
a shame that she does not push herself
forward as something more than a mere
resort for invalids in the winter time. She
ought to shake herself from the position
which she occupies as a land of peonage
and benighted citizenship; she ought to
brush away the cloud of infamy with
which her enemies are trying to envelop
As a practical suggestion to the people
and to the railroads, I attach herewith a
letter received from Mr. Ira H. Tompkins,
114 North Main street, Akron, Ohio.
If the legislature had created an Im-
migration Bureau, appropriated a reason-
able sum of money and put a practical
man in charge he could have taken up the
work by securing men like Mr. Tompkins
and putting them among the people with
literature and work in connection with the
railroads and real estate agents, and they
could soon turn a tide of good people to
secure homes in this land which we know
to be brim full of magnificent opportuni-
I believe firmly that we should make
a strong effort to secure some of the stal-
wart, ambitious people who come to our
shores from foreign lands, but we should
not forget to make an effort among the
very class of people referred to by Mr.
I hope that every reader of the Record
will read this letter as it makes plain to
us a path which if followed closely would
work wonders in this State of ours. The
letter follows:
Akron, Ohio, June 1, 1907.
Brobston, Fendig & Co, Jacksonville, Fla.
My Dear Sirs-I wrote General Indus-
trial Agent J. W. White, Portsmouth, V.,
that for five years past the Canadian
Government have kept in this State three
men who, at fairs, other gatherings and
privately, are constantly handing out tons
and tons of attractive literature to in-
duce Ohioana to locate in Western Canada.
Other border States are as well worked.
In 1905, 107,000 and in 1906 over 170,000,
left these border States and settled in
Northwestern Canada.
This army of people moved their homes
to another country because the personal,
hand-to-hand work of these agents made
them believe their land was the land of all
earth. I firmly believe that the same ef-
fort by those along the Seaboard Air Line

would secure nine f a ilies for the sunny
Southland, while one vent to cold Canada.
Persons most likely to change their loca-
tion are, as a class, slow to read news-
paper and magazine ads., and still slower
to reply to them, but if the literature is
handed them and explained, they will read
and act.
I told Mr. White that I wanted a chance
to work for the South as these agents
were working for Canada, and he replied
by sending me your address and. seven
more in Florida and two in Georgia, with
request that I write each. I have had
much experience as a solicitor, and can
give you best of references as to my abili-
ty and integrity. For ten years I exhibit-
ed a machine at all Ohio fairs I eould get
to and know it to be one good way to
reach the people.
For four summer months from 2,000 to
15,000 excursionists daily visit "Silver
Lake" here. There and at camp-meetings
until fairs begin in August will be good
places to work. I think it will pay a lot
of land dealers along the "Air Line" to
club together and get a good solicitor to
work as Canadian agents do.
I will do "square work" and faithful.
Awaiting your response, I am,
Yours very truly,
114 N. Main St., Akron, Ohio.

"None of us can deny that the native-
born youth is hurrying to the cities. This
condition is prevailing throughout the
United States, and our great agricultural
industry is suffering. I am told that even
in New York State at the present time
there are some 12,000 vacant farms. In
the South there is not a State that can-
not count its vacant farming lands by the
millions of acres, lands capable of pro-
ducing almost any crop that grows, sup-
plied with the first requisite of water, and
close by the center of the great phosphate
industry, furnishing fertilizer untold."--
Extract from an address by Commissioner
E. J. Watson, of South Carolina.

Florida has one of the best public
school systems of any State in the United
States. The advancement made in the
educational system of Florida under the
direction of Hon. W. N. Sheets for several
years was a subject of interest in all of
the educational centers of the United
States. Under the able direction of Hon.
W. M. Holloway, the present incumbent,
the work is progressing with energy and
is advancing rapidly. Those who are con-
templating coming to Florida may be as-
sured that so far as educational advan-
tages are concerned this State is second
to none.

The extent of the development of the
State is best portrayed in the character
of her cities and towns and the progress
they have made during the past several
years. There are a great many cities in
Florida which have almost doubled their
population in the past ten years, and all
of them have had a remarkable growth.

Seekers for health find in this State
some of the most desirable places for va-
rious ailments. Throughout the State
there are health-giving springs, which,
when added to the advantages of our sa-
lubrious climate, afford the very best op-
portunities for those who are seeking
health. White Springs, Hampton Springs,
Worthington Springs, Orange Springs and
others have a reputation throughout this
country as health resorts.


Our Clothing





One of the greatest industries in Flor-
ida, and one which has added greatly to
her wealth is the growing of Sea Island,
or Long Staple cotton. In the north cen-
tral part of the State this is a great in-
dustry and in Alachua county the finest
Sea Island cotton in the world is grown.
The prices during the past few years have
been good, this dass of cotton coming into
greater demand because of its use in man-
ufacturing the finest textile goods. The
farmers who have devoted their time to
the growing of Sea Island cotton are to-
day independent and among the most en-
terprising people of the State.

In various lines there is a noted increase
of manufacturing enterprises in Florida.
The people of the State are learning to
take advantage of all the opportunities
offered them and are not as dependent as
formerly upon goods manufactured in oth-
er States.

The Wealth of the

Old Families.
Often disappeared, evaporated, m t
new generation was left but e sr two
thhs of real value. Ameog these val-
ables (in 99 cases of a handed) ws
a chest of old silver, the moet ser l and
beautiful heirloom that the young geera-
tion treasured.
Have you such a treasure to hand down
to your heirs? If t, now is the time to
start gathering it. If you are interest,
come down and let us show you something
in that line that is WORTH HAVING
NOW and which will be highly treasured
by your sons and daughter.


15 W. Bay St,

Jakcumvile, Florida.


Florida's Failure to Establish Immigration Department; the

State's Vital Needs and Feasible Remedies.

By Walter P. Corbett, Chairman Immigration Committee, Jacksoaille Boar f Trade.

Editor Indstrial Record, Jacksonville, Fla.
Abeence from the city has prevented an
earlier compliance ith your ourteous re-
quest to contribute an article on Immi-
gration, for publication in the Specia Im-
migration Isse of your val e journal,
to appear this month. First of all, as a
business man and a Floridian, I desire to
express my keen appreciation of the pub-
lie spiritedness which prompted this spec-
ial issue of your trade journal and to con-
gratulate you and your staff of co-workers
upon the scope of your undertaking, in
its far-reaching efrt for good, as is out-
ined and evidenced by your propeetus.
The =I That FViay Failed.
In my capacity as chairman of the
Committee on Immigration of the Jack-
sonville Board of Trade, and at the re-
quest of that body and of the State Board
of Trade, I spent several days at Talla-
hassee during the session of the Florida
legislature, just closed, in the hope of
assisting in effecting some sort of legis-
lation which would result in the creation
of a State Department of Immigration,
under competent direction, and ith reas-
oasble provision for n-interisce, thereby
enabling Florida to compete with her sis-
ter States in the effort to induce the right
class of white people, home-seekers, la-
borer and domestics, to come and settle
amosg aus.
All the requirements seemed to be fairly
met by the provisions of the bill intro-
duced in the House by Hon. Joseph W.
Knight, of Citrus County, and while the
bill ad the hearty approval of the Gov-
ernor, the Commissioner of Agriculture,
and other members of the cabinet, as well
as the endorsement and support of the
agricultural, business and professional in-
terests of the state generally, and passed
the lower house, yet it was permitted to
die in committee of the senate. The
necessity therefore, for a broad and sys-
tematic campaign of education, along
these lines, setting forth the urgent needs
of the state pointing out the way to meet
these needs, is more urgent than ever be-
fore, and it now falls upon your journal
and the daily and weekly press of the
state to take up the work.
The Led Cry for Labor.
In taking up the discussion of the needs
of Florida and of the South our attention
is directed to the loud cry for labor, on
the farms, in the mills, in the mines; in
fact, in every business enterprise in the
state, and this, too, in spite of the fact
that during 1906 more then eleven hundred
thousand immigrants were admitted into
the United States.
That the South has not received her
quota is evidenced by the fact that the
New England, Central and Middle Western
States received practically one million or
ninety per cent, while thirteen Southern
States got only thirty-one thousand or
two per cent. Of this number Florida re-
ceived only twenty-six hundred, including
Cubans and Negroes, every one of which
could have found suitable homes or em-
ployent in any one county of the state.
In other words, Florida could have taken
O care of more than one hundred thousand
of these immigrants and still her needs
would not be met.
And now as to the prosperity of the
By using the list of assessed values and
by assuming that they represent but 40
per cent of true values, the Manufactur-
ers' Record reaches the conclusion that the
property of the South is today worth
$1a400,000,000, as against $16,160.000,w00
in 18. It puts the increase in real wealth
in the South in 1906 at $2,856,95,158, or
at the rate of $7.280,000 a day, including
Sunday and holidays.
lia'a Part.
How much Florida has done toward con-
tributing her share to this wonderful de-
velopment of the South is shown by the
facts and figures recently collated and pub-
lished bl pr ate department, as fl-

lows: The assessment roles for the year
1906 show the valuation of property for
assessment purposes to be as follows:
Real estate, $89,081,434; personal proper-
ty, $28,994,53; railroads, 25!570,251, and
telegraph lines, $372,93; making an ag-
gregate of $142,018,871.
The aggregate valuation for 1901, was
$97,551,192, and the aggregate valuation
as above stated, for 1906 is $142,018,871,
which shows an increase of $44,467,679, in
the last five years.
What about our population, and farm-
ing lands.
By reference to the state census report
for 1905 we find that we lave less than
650,00 souls-white and black upon
whom we must depend to man every indus-
try in the State. Of the millions of acres
of farming lands only 1,621,362 acres are
improved. Reading from the same report
we find that the 45,484 farms in the state
31,233 are operated by negroes.
The possible diversity of crops is limit-
ed only by the versatility of our planters
and farmers, and the yield of whatever
crop planted, measured only by the degree
of intelligent energy put forth by the in-
dividual in taking advantage of conditions,
which, compared with conditions in a
more northern latitude, are for the most
part found to be friendly.
Florida's Possibilities.
Let us then devise ways and means by
which the small farmer, the hardworking
peasant of overcrowded Europe can learn
at first hand of the wonderful possibilities
of our state for the homeseeker, and when
we have told him about it, (and let us
be careful to tell him only the truth about
it) then let us show our good faith by
assisting him to quit himself of the dear
but overcrowded mother country, help him
to find his way to some port of Florida,
and direct him to a neighborhood where
he will be extended the righthand of
honest fellowship, and assisted by his
neighbors to take up the work of home
building, and fit himself for citizenship in
.i country whose very name spells free-
,lom and happiness, and a state whose rep-
utation for health and prosperity and true
hospitality is being widened by each new-
The head of the average peasant family
of Europe today, and I don't refer to the
the idlers to be found in the purlieus of
the great cities, but to the inhabitants of
the rural districts, finds it most difficult
if not impossible, alter furnishing his man-
child to the army or navy to spare his
womenfolk the performance of almost ox-
like labor on the farm.
The Class We Welcome.
"It is to this class we can offer relief,
to this class we can point out a home
where life's labors can be interspersed with
some of its pleasures, where educational
facilities are within reach of rich and
poor-where religion is of one's own cho'm-
ing and freedom of thought and speech
the very foundation upon which our gov-
ernment is based, and principles as well to
which the state and the nation forever
stand pledged. It is with this class of
honest men and virtuous women, sturdy
and strong in heart and in body, that we
can, with no discredit to ourselves mate
our sons and daughters-with the comfort-
ing assurance that the progeny of such
unions would grow up to love the nation--
the southland, the state of Florida as
their forbears had loved the old country.
It cannot be imagined either that such
an offspring would with such precept ami
example ever lose sight of the paramount
importance of perpetuating a race whose
blood would flow free of African taint.
Many such immigrants have already
landed upon our shores, but owing to the
conditions already briefly alluded to, the
worthy immigrant has so quickly been as-
similated with our national life, our
political, business and social life that he
is already one of us, and we find the im-
migrant but one or two short generations

removed, occupying positions of highest
honor and trust in the councils of the
nation, the several states and municipali-
A Deserved Tribute.
And as an evidence that the South does
not need to be converted or educated up
to this idea, we have but to refer to that
Jewish lad of poor and obscure parents,
who by his noble character and upright
life and studious habits won for himself
the friendship and fellowship of the best
men in the South, who gladly accorded
him a high place among the valued coun-
sellors of her most trying period. 1 need
scarcely mention the name of the honor-
able Judah P. Benjamin, and this instance
of the emminent success of this great and
good man is but one example of the many.
Neither is this just tribute and this il-
lustration to be applied only to the dead
because forsooth we have today in the
nation's cabinet a native Georgian who
c(rae of foreign parents, but one whom
the South loves to honor. I refer to the
honorable, high-minded, clear-headed com-
missioner of commerce and labor, Oscar
Strauss, whose recent ruling upon this
very question of bringing immigrants into
the South is of the highest importance and
interest to every citizen of the South and
The selected immigrant, the man whom
we would induce to make his .ome among
us, would scorn the idea of becoming the
ward of the nation, of the State, or a
charge upon any community. All he wants
is a square deal, an opportunity to market
his brain and muscle and I feel no hesitan-
cy in making the statement in advance of
his coming; that if we will do our part in
bringing him, in settling him, he will not
only "stay put" but when he has become
settled and accustomed to his new home
and surroundings, he will by his letters
home, soon induce others to follow and
thereby himself become a successful im-
migration agent without cost to the state.
To Supply Every Demand.
If therefore, we can enlarge our popu-
lation from the class we have mentioned
who will question that from such a people
we will find intelligent, able-bodied men
and women in numbers sufficient to supply
every demand for labor. Labor that can
be relied upon six days in the week, labor
that will need no co-ercing, labor that
asks no favors beyond fair treatment, la-
hor that seeks no arbitration of differences
save such as can always be found in the
consciences of fair and honest men; men
and women who recognize the true dignity
of labor, and who love work for work's
sake; men and women, who by their thrift
and industry, will set a good example to
our own people and contribute to the rout-
ing of the anti-bellum idea that hard
work, common labor is menial, degrading
and employment fit only for the negro.
My conviction is tdat the South grows
no crop which cannot be more successfully
and economically grown by the white man
than by the negro, even if the negro could
any longer be depended upon, and what is
true of the farm and orchard and the
-arden, is true of the mill, the mines, the
factory and every other industry of Flor-
ida or the South.
We have room and employment for
every honest, industrious negro who de-
sires work, but I see no reason why we
as a people, should longer continue to pen-
sion such a large percentage of the race.
through the medium of our state institu-
tions, and private larders, who will not
work and who contribute almost nothing
to the support of the state nor bear scarce-
ly any of her burdens.
It has been often claimed and strong
ly maintained that education could be
relied upon to cure any moral or so-
cial evil-and while I do not propose t<
argue this question, I would direct th<
attention of all advocates of this conten
tion to the fact that education of thi
brand we know about, and pay for, whei

applied to or injected into or practiced
upon the negro, seems to have failed ut-
terly to better ft him for that sphere for
which dobtless he was created and in-
Need Desirae Emrepeam
It will not do to say that during 1S
eleven hundred thousand immrato
found their way through Elis Island, and
that therefore we can get all we want by
going to New York for them. The great
northwest, aided by the railroads, who get
the long haul, have been and are still able
to outbid us for the desirable class, and
we have had enough and to spare of the
peonage hunting class unloaded upon us
by the New York immigration or emigra-
tion agencies.
Where, then can we turn? Where ean
we go? How can we supply this demand
for labor, which comes to us from every
county in the state, from every industry,
every interest? How can we get labor,
and yet not violate the so-called contract
labor laws, not subject ourselves to the
charge of peonage?
In answer to this all important question,
and in view of the failure of the state to
provide the necessary machiery for in-
ducing desirable immigratia, I desire to
call attention to the example give as by
Georgia, whose governor-elect, the Honor-
able Hoke Smith, accompanied by several
public spirited business men, has just re-
turned from Europe, where they were
highly successful in effeting satisfactory
arrangements whereby select immigrant
are to be landed directly in (teorgia ports
and the returning ships take baek to EB-
rope full cargoes of Georgia products. This
was accomplished by these gentlemen as
representatives of the Georgia Immigra-
tion Association. An association whose
membership, I am told, comprises represea-
tatives of every business interest, voca-
tion and calling in that state.
Let Florida Organise.
Let us then get together and organize
such an association in Florida. Let us
proceed to Europe and perfect steamship
and other arrangements whereby select im-
migrants can be landed in Florida ports,
and let us make ready to send back to Eu-
rope, the ships which bring us immigrants,
laden with Florida fruits and vegetables,
Florida phosphates, l*orida timber, Flori-
Ia turpentine and before long, Florida

The Record wants to whisper a word of
advice to the man who is contemplating
coming to Florida to build a home. It is
this. Investigate what has been accom-
plished by the men already here and by
all means take them into your conldence
and be governed to a certain degree by
the advice they have to offer. Floridians
welcome newcomers and give to them all
the assistance in their power. Many fail-
ures have resulted because of a lack of
study of conditions and because the new-
comer failed to take the advice of his

The growing of pecans is coming to be
a great industry in Florida. The past
three years has seen a great deal of ae-
tivity in the planting of trees and it is
believed that in a few years, and as soon
Sas the trees which have been set out have
commenced to yield, that Florida will sell
to the world many thousands of dollars
worth of these choice nuts which are grow-
ing in popularity each year. There are
a great many large pecan orehards in this
State and those who have cultivated the
trees find that there is a big profit to be
ade. There is no fear of cold waves and
'he trees need but little care and atten-
tion. The stock which is being set out
- is improved and the quality of the Flor-
Sida pecans will give the State a great rep-
Sutation in this trade.


Jacksonville, Florida, Its Commerce, Industries and Finances I

Jackonville's Commercial District.

Jacksonville is located on the St. Johns
River in Duval County, Florida. The city
is seventeen miles from the Atlantic
Ocean, has an area of seven and one-hblf
miles and is fourteen feet above sea level.
It has seven miles of water front with a
depth sufficient to accommodate ocean
steamers. It is a basing point for making
freight rates. It is the metropolis of
Florida, and the gateway to Florida and
the West Indies and is in direct connection
with all the principal points in the United
States. It is the logical distributing point
for a radius containing two millions of
people. It is within thirty minutes' ride
of one of the finest ocean beaches in
America. The city's transportation facili-
ties are excellent and its annual traffic is
enormous. Its citizens are progressive and
alert and in up-to-date advantages, Jack-
sonville is far in advance of any other
city in the South. A careful reading of
the following pages will convince anyone
that Jacksonville is destined to become
one of the greatest cities on this conti-

The Jacksonville Board of Trade bears
the distinction of being one of the most
progressive municipal organizations in the
entire South.
It is composed of the foremost repre-
sentatives of finance and commerce of the
city, is wide-awake, progressive, alert and
works with a constant, indomitable ener-
gy for the furtherance of the city's inter-
ests, that is admirable to behold. Through
its activity it is making the name Jack-
sonville famous throughout the land.
Under the benign influence and direction
of this organization, the hitherto cross-
purposes of the public-spirited and pro-
gressive business men are reconciled, har-
monized, assimilated, united and concen-
trated to render invaluable service for
both the city and State.
The Jacksonville Board of Trade is an
invaluable factor in the development of
the city's material interests, it has sup-
ported every worthy undertaking to en-
hance local development and has strength-
ened the bonds of fellowship, good will
and unity of acion. It has protected the
various interests it represents, upheld the
strength and dignity of the city's institu-
tions, entertained the city's guests and
built a character for Jacksonville from the
reflex of the men who comprise the or-

The population of Florida in 1890 wss

391.413, in 1900 it was 528,542, and at the
close of 1901i it is estimated to be 625,000.
In 1890 the population of Jacksonville
uas 17.000. in 1900 it had reached 28,000,
and at the close of 1906 it is 51,865, mak-
ing in increase of a trifle over 85 per cent.
To this there should be added 16,000 sub-
urbanites and 43,000 winter tourists.
Jacksonville has more hotels and boarding
houses than any city in the South of the
same size.

When the location of Jacksonville is
taken into consideration there is little

and enables the workman to attain to his
highest ability throughout the entire
twelve months.
There is no reason that this city should
not be the seat of the cotton manufactur-
ers of the South. It has cheap transpor-
tation by water, both coastwise and
trans-Atlantic, internal transportation by
its rivers, and four lines of railroads that
are among the foremost in the nation, to
carry the raw cotton to its factories. It
possesses very cheap rates, rates that
cannot be tampered with on account of
the water competition, and the city is
right at the door of the supply of the raw

Bay Street, Looking East.

wonder the city is making the showing it
is in the line of manufactures.
The necessary elements entering into a
place as a manufacturing center are-ad-
vantageous location, abundant transporta-
tion-both water and rail, easy access to
fuel and the supply of raw materials, an
unlimited supply of water, reasonable
prices for labor and a lack of friction be-
tween labor and capital. and accessibility
to the great consuming markets of the
Jacksonville has all of these and more.
It has a climate that does not interfere in
any part of the year with the operations

The same may he said of furniture
manufacturing, timber of the kind that is
required is right at hand and the sites
for the plants are abundant, the Seaboard
having alone a stretch of more than two
miles lying within its yard limits that
>,an be utilized for factory sites.
The city has already assumed grand
proportions in the manufacture of lumber
and fertilizers, and is the hub of the naval
stores business, and there is no reason
why it should not go ahead in the numer-
ous other lines which the city is adapted
to. The Board of Trade will be glad to
enter into further details regarding this

phase of Jacksonville's development.

The figures and comparisons for the
year 1900 with those of 1905 show enor-
mous increases in the anufaetured out-
put- of this city, the Igmus are takes
fromthe latest census reports which hare
just been placed in circulation and are
very flattering to Jacksonville.
In 1900 there were 74 establishments,
capitalized at $1,857,844, employing 1.23
operatives who drew $60,754 per anus,
the miscellaneos expenses were $132917,
the cost of materials used was *$836,70
and the value of the product w.s $1,79,-
At the end of 1905 there were 125 es-
tablishments, eapitalised at $4,37,281,
employing 2,924 operatives who drew $1,-
375,668 per annum, the miseellaeous ex-
penses were $434.18, the cost of material
used was $2,780,492 and the value of the
product was $5,340,24. This eompariso
shows very large percentages of increase
and in a way further demmnstrtes the
solid foundation upon which the commer-
cial fabric of this city rests.
The figures and comparisons for the en-
tire State for the same period shows
equally as well and establishes the fact
that Florida is growing and developing
all over.
In 1900 there were 1,275 establishments,
capitalized at $2,88,171, employing 37,-
252 operatives, who drew $12,1,019 in
wages, the miscellaneous expenses were
$2,177941, the cost of materials used was
$12,847,187, and the value of the output
was $34,183,100.
At the end of 1905 there wee 1,413
establishments, capitalized at $32,971,M,
employing 45,216 operatives, who drew
*5.6f00,S2. the miscellaneous expenses were
$16532,439, the cost of the materials used
was $18,436.90, and the value of the prod-
uct was $50,298,20.

Generally speaking, the business men of
this city are young and ambitious, they
are willing at all times to entertain any
proposition that has for its purpose the
betterment and upbuilding of the city.
They extend a hearty welcome to all new-
comers who are worthy of their consider-
ation. They are progressive and conerv-
ative and are careful to do nothing that
would in any way reflect upon the fair
name of the city. This care and dili-
gence is reflected in the substantial and
continuous increase in the volume of the
city's traffic. Jacksoville is growing

Jackoville's Water Front.


The real estate and equipment is valued
at $103,667.00, there are five stations and
an a nropriation has been made for au-
other. There are 51 men in the depart-
neent, drawing $38,372.45 in wages per
annum; there were 234 alarms answered
during the year and the fire loss was $56,-
051.00. The alarm system is the best in
use and the equipment is the finest that
could be purchased. There are 9,103 build-
ings in the city.

The cost of this entire department to
date is $412,975.56 and the improvement
now under way will amount to $ 1,000,
which was provided for by the sale of
bonds. There is 60 miles of sewer emp-
tying into the St. Johns river. There ae
12 men in the department who receive
$3,771.49 per annum. There are 3,00 con-
nections. The cost of making a eaonection
is $12.00. The mains are from 4 to 14
feet below the surface. The main sew-

rapidly and judicious action is very es-
sential. The citv is one of the best gov-
erned municipalities in the nation and is
constantly being pointed out as an ex-
ample of what can be done when selfish
political interests are sacrificed in favor
of the general good of the community.

Cost of plant including extensions for
current year. $457.660.76. Cost of main-
taining plant per anpum $100.719.56. Em-
ployment is given 60 men who draw $38.-
592.32 per annum. Improvements and ex-
tensions made ( lis year, $92,237.57. Gross
receipts for 1903!. $220,435.57. Net profits
for 190(. $11!0.71(.01. The gross receipts
show an inc:flse of $34.000 over 1905.
Light is furnis~-ed 2.136 residences and
909 business establishments, the cost for
residences is seven cents per K. W., and
lil-night arcs cost $7.50 per month.
The profits to the e;' from 1899 to the
end of 1906 inclusive from the light de-
nartment, were $493.684.00. of this amount
t481.92..17 was turned over to the City
Treasurer to I e used for general expenses
of the city and the remainder was invested
in new equipment and extensions.

The cost of the plant including exten-
sions for 1900 is $524,048.62, the improve-
ments made during the year amount to
$90,716.97. the total operating expense is
$38,473.17 per year. There are 40 men em-
ployed. who receive $21.444.49 per year.
The gross receipts from the plant for 1906
were $93,113.78 and the net profit wIs
$54,640.61, turned over to City Treasurer
for other city uses during the year, 339.-
732.50. From 1883 to the end of 1906 the
net profits were $388,954.60, and during
that period the department turned over
to the City Treasurer for other city uses
285204.99. There are 5,376 service taps.
568 hydrants and 60 miles of mains rang-
ing from six to twenty inches. The nor-
mal pressure is 62 pounds and the fire
pressure 110 pounds. The supply is se-
cured from artesian wells, there being
eight of them, having an average of 9.50
feet in depth. The capacity of the plant
is 11,500.000 gallons per day, and 2.777.-
!..2 gallons are consumed daily. The cost
ner annum for residences is from $8.00 to
$12.00, the equipment is as good as any
city possses and the amount turned
over to the City Treasurer shows an in-
c-ease of $19.982.50 over 1906.

Artificial gas is used throughout the
year for domestic cooking and through
the winter months for the slight amount
of heating required. The mildness of the
winters making other means of heating
superfluous. The city has thirty-six miles
of gas mains. waking gas service available
throtiglh-t the business, residence sectio-i,
ind in all the suburbs. The (as Compan?
is public spirit I and progressive and is
-onstantly extending its mains to meet
the growing demand made by the rapift
growth and expansion of the city. In fa-'t
-1ll the public utilities such as the lighting
-lant. gas service. waterworks and tele-
nhone service give the very best satisfae-
tion and in this respect Jacksonville offe'-s
inducements that cannot he secured in
-ities that have not attained the degrei
of harmony which it has.

This company has 23 miles of track at
this time and is arranging to construct
five miles more at an early date. This
extension will cost $300,000, with the ad-
ditional equipment necessary to operate it.
The company employs .15 men and its
wage expense amounts to $100,000 per an-
num. It carried five million passengers
during 1905. The fare is five cents per
ride with universal transfers.
The Jacksonville Electric Company also
operates two pleasure parks, one being
Phoenix Park, at which it maintains a
summer theatre exclusively for white pat-
ronage and the other being Lincoln Park,
which is given over to colored patronage.
This latter place has a summer theatre,
roller coaster and various other attrac-
tions. Both resorts are very popular in
their season and are handsomely patron-

City Hal, Jackonville.

Jacksonville has the basis rate for in-
suring mercantile business and lower rates
generally than most southern cities owing
to the acknowledged efficiency of its fire
A new twelve-inch main will be laid on
Bay street, solely for fire protection pur-
poses, it will be sufficiently strong for a
working pressure of 175 pounds to the
lsuare inch and will he connected with an
electrically driven fire pump at the river
independent of the waterworks.

The value of the real estate and equip-

ers are well provided with man-holes, also
lamp and flush holes and a good system of
catch basins making the entrance to the
mains very ample.
Jacksonville is the possessor of one of
the most magnificent Public libraries in
the South. The building is a splendid
structure, centrally located and repre-
sents an expenditure of $5,000.
The library is supported by city taxa-
tion and it now contains something over
12,000 values. It was opened a little
over a year ago and the purchase of
books is being carefully made, and will

High School, Jacksonville.

Inent in this department is $ (4.321.70.
There are 77 men on the force and the
wages paid them amounts to $58,805.00
per year. Three thousand eight hundred
and eleven arrests were made and 1,646
convictions secured during the year, 534
prisoners were turned over to other au-
thorities, 504 forfeited bonds and 1,127
were discharged, there was $11.551.10
worth of stolen property recovered; the
patrol wagons made 3,057 runs during
the year.
A great many transient negroes come to
this city and figure largely in the number
of arrests, thus making a disadvantageous
showing in the records of criminal matters.

comprisee all the popular works in all
branches of literature.

Jacksonville's places of amusement are
the Ostrich Farm, Phoenix Park. Duval
Theatre and Dixieland Park. These places
of entertainment are copdueted upon a
high moral plane and have the patronage
of the best element in the city.

The Order of Elks are owners of one
of the finest clubhouses in the South. It
is centrally located, was erected at a cost
of $50,000, and the lodge has a meber-

4. .


ship of 400. The glad hand is always ex-
tended to visiting "Hello Bills" and the
Jacksonville contingent has the habit of -
impressing one with the fact that they
are a good sized portion of the works.
This club owns magnificent quarters
near the Windsor Hotel and Hemming
Park. Its building was erected at an ex-
pence of $35,000, and its membership is
composed of the best business and pro-
fesional men in the city. It is an active
factor in the social life of the city and L
does much towards entertaining Jackson-
ville's numerous visitors. '

This city has 135 miles of streets. There
are 37 miles paved with brick, shell and
macadam. Contracts have been placed
for paving 15 miles of streets with brick
at a cost of $300000. The street depart-
ment is under the direction of the Board
of Public Works and Jacksonville prides
itself on having the cleanest and best kept
streets of any city in the South.
The city has 85 acres in parks. Hem-
ming Park, located in the center of the
city is one of the beauty spots of the
South and is much admired by the visitors.
Springfield Park is in process of constrne-
lion and when completed will add much
to the comfort of the populace. Riverside
Park is a beautiful rest ground and is
much sought by those who admire soli-

Name of Bank. Capital. Surplus. Profits. Deposits.
State Bank of Florida ........... $ 60,000 $ $ 39,677 $ 697,081
Union Savings Bank ............. 50,000 12,000 85,000
Citises' Bank ................... 50,000 10,000 250,000
People's Bank & Trust Co. ........ 50,000 175,000
Commercial Bank ................ 100,00 45,782 814,905
Guaranty Trust & Savings Co. .... 100,000 2,000 3,813 109,605
National Bank of Jacksonville .... 300,000 500,000 33,712 3,570,880
Atlantic National Bank .......... 350,000 150,000 83,141 3,026,281
Florida National Bank ........... 500,000 25,000 46,984 2,104,730

Totals ....................... $1,550,000 734,782 $217,327 $10,893,581
Jacksonville has 12 per cent of the population of the State and has 31 per cent
of the money involved in banking; 33 1-3 per cent of deposits: 21.1 per cent of capital;
3.2 per cent of surplus, and 229 of profits.

Postoice, Looklog ast Fosyth Street.
ture and quiet. There are also the Ostrich
Farm, an amusement resort, Phoenix Park,
and Dixieland Park, just opposite the city
in South Jacksonvile, which has been re-
cently opened and has proven quite an
acquisition to the city's pleasure grounds.

The following table shows more eon-
clusively than anything else we can pub-
lish the steady and unfaltering growth
of Jacksonville:
Year. Amount.
la99 ....................... $12,642,9 3
1900 ....................... 12,733,048
1901 ....................... 16,757,772
1902 ............ ........... 18,927,50
1906 ....................... e6,112,716
1904 ....................... 43,26 ,46
1905 ....................... 60,000,000
Clearing House
banks ......... $6,684,08
Other banks not
in Clearing H'se 5,334,728 72,018,826
The Jacksonville Postoffice handles $2,-
500,000 per annum. There are four State
banks in the city that are not members
of the Clearing House.
The last 10 days in December were ap-

January 1, 1906.
Cash on hand ...............
Received from taxes, licenses,
court fines, franchises, etc..
From city electric light plant



From water works .......... JIS,115

Sale of improvement boads for
extension of waterwoeks
sewers, paving and parks.. 4Md.J4
Total receipts and cash em
had ..................... f$13,14

For police, city ofWiail ete..$ IUMU.
Board of Public Works, parks,
paving streett eleanin, atet. 27,MI
Sewers and drains .............. M,7
Fire Department ............ ... 51S
Public Library .............. 7,$MS
Interest on bonds ........... 78,465
Operation and extension of
waterworks plant ............ lUuf
Operation and extension of
electric light plant .......... 13,464.6

Total expenditures ........$ 855,7415.
Cash on hand Jan. 1, 1907.. 357311.4

Profits of electric light plant 75,MO
Profits of waterworks plant 25,060

Assets al Liahtisa.
Cash on hand, ordinary reve-
nues ....................$
Cash on hand, unexpended
bond money ............
Waterworks and electric light
plant, grounds and equip-
ment .....................
Fire Deartment and equip-
ment .....................
Police Department, buildings
and equipment ..........
City Hall, Jail, (rematory




Water Works Park, Jacksonville.

FROM OCTOBER z, 9gos, TO OCTOBER z, g9o6.
No. Capital. Surplus. Profits. Deposits.
National Banks, 190 .... 36 $4,350,000 $1,465,907 $515.129 $19,200,85
State Banks, 1906 ...... 70 2,961,868 562,576 436,062 12,95,522
Total ............ 106 $7,311888 $2,028,483 $951,191 $32,196381
No. Capital Surplus. Profits. Deposits.
National Banks, 1902 ... 20 $1,48,000 $ 817,000 $312,000 $ 7,734,000
State Banks, 1902 ...... 26 915,00 266,631 186,441 6,049,046
Total ........... 46 $2,400300 $1,083,631 $498,441 $13,783,046
Four Years' Increase .... 60 $4,911,568 $944,95 $452,750 $18,404,335
This showing fills every citizen of the State with pride and if the increase con-
tinues for a few years more it will place Florida in the front rank, in the matter of
The financial statements of the banks, postoffice and city of Jacksonville, Duval
County, and the statement of all the banks in the State show that Jacksonville has
alert financiers in charge of its fiduciary institutions. The statements hn:ve been
prepared with much care and cover the year 1906.

Carneg Library, Jackson e.



and other city property.. 283,000.00
Parks and other real estate 350,000600
Bridges, viadnets, sewers and
street pavements ......... 108,221.06

Total assets ..............6US506.90
Bead leas 1894, maturing
I4, 5 per cent ........... 970,0000
Bead iase 1901, maturing
14, 5 par cast ........... 3I8,000.
Boad iea 1906, maturing
19, 5 pr eat ........... 400,000.00
Boad coupeas de sad not
presented ............ ..... 5,750.00

Total abilities ............1,773,750.00
UExces amets over liabilities, $2,314,756.90
These gures were furnished by Mayor
W. H. Baker ad City Treasurer A. M.

The government building at Jackson-
ville is o~e of the finest in the South and
coet 535,000. Repairs have just been or-
dered made on the building that will en-
tail an expenditure of $12,000.
Petal Receipts for 1906.
Sale of stamps, envelopes,
cards, et ................$ 171,96.77

Receipts from newspaper and

periodical postage ........ 6,974.81
Receipts from box rents ..... ,121.92

Total postal receipts ......$ 18,053.50
Postal deposits from other of-
flces ......................$ 83,96 .08

Total postal business ...... 266,019058
Moeay Order Departmet.
Domestic orders issued, 26,136.
value ..................... $ 2,071.41
International orders issued,
953; value ................. 16,456.75
Fees from above orders ...... 1,821.88
Domestic orders paid, 6,522;
value .................... 557,875.31
International orders paid, 128;
value .................... 2,76728
Deposits from other post-

offices .................. 1,315,321.28

Total cash handled, money
order department for 1906..$2,116,319.91
Total cash handled money
order department for 1906..S2,082,106.50

Increase for 1906 over 1906...$ 34,213.41
Pay Rolls
For the year ending Setember 30, 1906,

the pay rolls handled by the Jacksonville
office were as follows:
Postmaster, assistant post-
master and clerks .........$ 31,390.48
Carriers .................... 21,117.88
Special delivery messengers .. 2,170.80
Railway mail clerks ......... 102,624.27
Rural carriers, all in State... 37,881.00

Total in wages paid out
from Jacksonville office ......$ 195,185.03
Jacksonville Office Employes.
Assistant postmaster and clerks ..... 33
Regular letter carriers ............... 26
Special delivery messengers .......... 3

Total ............................ 66
The receipts of the office exceed expend-
itures of the office by $129,196.24.
There are 900 postoffices that remit
their surplus to the Jacksonville office.
These funds, together with the funds of
the office proper, make about $2,500,000,
passing through the office yearly.
Mailing Department.
Pieces received, first-class ...... 8,593,521
Pieces received, other classes .... 7,155,150
Pieces received, special delivery
letters ...................... 25,879
Pieces dispatched, first-class ... 7.513,859
Pieces dispatched, other classes. 9,260,271

Pieces dispatched, special deliv-
ery letters .................. 19,557

Total pieces current year ....32,568,237
During the previous year, ending June
BO, 1905, there were handled:
Pieces received ................ 13,221,013
Pieces special delivery received.. 20,910
Pieces dispatched .............. 15,11,686
Pieces special delivery dispatch-
ed .......................... 15,644

Total pieces handled 1905..... 28,400,253
Showing an increase for 1906
over 1905 of ................. 4,158,966
At present there are only two rural free
delivery routes out of Jacksonville. Two
more will soon be established.
There are 23 mails arriving daily, bring-
ing from 75 to 95 sacks of mail and 23
mails dispatched daily, carrying from 60 to
80 sacks of mail
Growth of Postal Receipts.
For year ending June 30, 1900..$ 86,938.06
For year ending June 30, 1901.. 95,594.61
For year ending June 30, 1902.. 106,38.25
For year ending June 30, 1903.. 118,886.80
For year ending June 30, 1904.. 147,743.21
For year ending June 30, 1905.. 157,989.82
For year ending June 30, 1906.. 182,053.50
The above report was furnished by D.
T. Gerow, postmaster at Jacksonville, and
is brought to date as near as possible.
The amount carried by the budget, as
adopted, for each of the departments, was
as follows:
Salary ity officials ........... $ 24,300.00
Bo of Health .............. 15,240.00
Police ........................ 75,982.00
Board of Public Works ....... 198,03.14
Maintenance and care of sewers 27,60860
Fire Department ............. 9,702.00
Special interest and sinking
fund ....................... 90,400.00
Free Library ................... 6,000.00

Amount to be paid by licenses,
fines and franchises ........$110,000.00
Amount to be paid by electric
light and water works ......$100,000.00
To be raised by taxation ......$321,265.74
Total ........................ $531,26.74
FOR 19o6.
The following figures, taken from the
-eneral summary of the assessment roll,

,-' ^'

A Rivermie Sceme.




shows how values have increased in Duval
county during the year:
This year the total value of county
lands, town and city lots being excluded,
is $1,2,380, as against $1,151,400, thus
givng an increase during the year of
$110,0 in the county values alone. The
valuation of town and city lots for 1906
is placed at $8,428,840 as against $8,054,-
020 in 1905. This means an increase for
the year in the value of properties in the
city and towns of $374.820, a showing
that would be highly creditable to any
county of any State.
This shows a gain of nearly half a mil-
lion, in realty values only, during the year.
Rolla for 1906.
The following is a summary of the roll
for 1906, as made up by Tax Assessor
Turner and approved by the Board of
County Commissioners:
Number of acres of unimproved land.
464,884; number of acres of land improved
and cultivated, 5.053, valuation (except
town or city lots), 3$1262.380; valuation
of town or city lots, $8.428,840; total
value of real estate, $9,f91,220; total
amount of State taxes, $58.147.32. This
is 6 mills on the dollar or 60 cents on each
$100. Total amount of county taxes (16
mills on the dollar or $1.60 on each $100),
Total railroad and telegraph valuation,
$2,044,060. The amount of State taxes de-
rived from this is $12,264.29; and for the
county, $32,704.7.9.
Total personal valuation, $2,672,560;
State taxes thereupon, $16,035.36; and for
the county, $42,760.96.
Total poll taxes, $6,027.
Grand totals: Amount of State taxes
from Duval county, $86,446.97; amount
for the county, $236552.27; grand total to
be paid in taxes to State and county,
$322,990.24. Total assessed value, on basis
of which tax is levied, $14,407,830. This is
an increased value of $856,126 over the
assessed value for 1905. which totaled $13,-
This year the assessment rolls show 5.-

0i3 acres of land that has heen improved
and cultivated, as against 4.931 acres last
year (1905). This means that during the
year 121 acres of land, heretofore unim-
proved, have been improved and buildings
erected thereon or cultivation of crops I:e-
gun. There are still 464,884 acres of un-
improved land in Duval county.

nature and proud of the splendid results
achieved in the past. and inspired with
enthusiasm and confidence in the future,
Jacksonville stands before the world today
a queenly niuniaicipality. crowned with her
well earned prestige as a city of thrift,

To summarize all facts pertaining to
general conditions existing in Jacksonville
at this time, and the brilliant outlook for
the city's future, it can he truthfully
stated that realty values are more stable,
trade conditions in all lines more satis-
factory and general prosperity more strik-
ingly evident than at any time since the
city s birth.
Located in a land of splendid fertility,
environed by the Atlantic Ocean, the beau-
tiful St. Johns River, with its pe:enni.l
verdure of tropical trtes, flowers, vines and
vegetation, an unfailing supply of health-
giving water, a magnificent electric light
plant, owned operated by the city, a mag-
nificent commerce, a splendid harbor, a
highly developed system of transportation,
splendid street car service, beautiful
streets, magnificent business blocks. aIla-
tial residences, with a Board of Tr;a-le
composed of leading business and profes-
sional n:en, ever ready and willing to as-
sist in whatever may tend to the uphuill-
ing and advancement of the city's best in-
terests, and citizenship metropolitan in

Name of Business. Estah.
Wholesale Houses .... 180
Manufactories ....... 59
Retail Establishments 565
Miscellaneous Lines of
Business ...... 326
Public Service and
Others ... ...... .. 311

Totals ....... 1.441 263

enterprise, energy and progress.
Conscious of her many natural advan-
tages, pulsating with pluck and virility,
her people imbued with confidence in the
destined greatness of their city, and act-
ing in concert in all matters of civic con-
cern, Jacksonville gives promise of becom-
ing ere long the greatest and most impor-
tant city on the South Atlantic Seaboard.
a city that one has to visit in order to
realize its many advantages.

Chicago now has a population of over
Swo million people, but if they understood
the advantage which Jacksonville offers
:t least two hundred thousand of the
Chicago people would move to Jackson-
v;.le. The ground about the two cities is
somewhat the same-it is rolling country.
tut, about nine miles west of Jackson-
ville the elevation reaches ninety-five feet
\v...ch is higher than land about Chicago.
The soil of Jacksonville is sandy, some-
what like the Hyde Park section of Chi-
'ago and its aristocratic Kenwood di-rict,
,ut Jacksonville has no such bh .'lay
lhal.~y as may be found along the drtery
drainage canal.
The possibilities for the homeseekers
are especially good in the neighborhood of
Jacksonville. There he has the unusual
advantages of ocean, river and rail tra m-
lairtation. If he is a planter he haL a

Main Street, ackonville.

Trav. Wages Capital
Men. Employes. Paid. Invested.
190 1.847 $1,495,370 $6,186,000
41 2.710 1.215.000 3,921,000
2,560 1.342.7,7 1.252,900

15 3,497 1.034.i143 2.887.150



1.542 950.456 6.217.5W. 9.737,940

12. 156 $6.tM8.233l *20.4C4.459 $104,.830923

large local market for his produce. He has
a large tourist population to swell the de-
mand for eatables. He has wholesale mer-
chants at his call to take his goods for
other markets.
The county commissioners are taking
tiae lead in building good roads into the
country, and five, ten and forty acre
blocks may be obtained in abundance.
The ct.untry about Jacksonville has a
cil ce.an breeze during the summer and
sunstroke is there entirely unknown, and
tue nights are fifteen to twenty degrees
cooler than the days. Not so in Chicago.
Its summer winds are from the southwest
and blow hot, coming from the interior
where heat reaches 107 degrees, bringing
stifling air which causes sunstroke to man
and beast.
She Jacksonville winters are mild and
will average about seven days of freezing
weather while Chicago can unusually count
up several months of ice, snow, hail and
blizzard. Hard coal costs no more in
Jacksonville than in Chicago and three
tons of it will cover the Jacksonville win-
ter, against the twenty to thirty tons re-
quired in Chicago.
Jacksonville offers many opportunities in
its development, for it is now in a crude
state. Business of all kinds is rushing in
at a faster rate than can be handled by its
present quota. Homeseekers with good
recommendations can make rapid progress
in that truly cosmopolitan city, but stran-
gers without identity have a slow time
in advancing themselves.
Jacksonville is like Luzerne in one re-
spect. The Swiss city is the cross-roads
of Europe, where everybody stops, and
so Jacksonville is the cross-roads of the



South. There is no other city in the
Soath like it. Jacksonville is everybody's
city. Everybody stop there, and .us
it i a city of the world not meely a
city of the South.
The sudden development of Jacksonville
is from two causes. Its great ire of 1901
cleaned out a large part of the old town,
and its new twenty-four foot channel to
the ocean invites additional enterprises.
Boating on Lake Michigan is a matter
of constant danger, but Lake St. John-
ive miles wide and fifty-five miles long-
furishes the pleasure without the dan-
Jacksonville is a place of greater con-
tentment, greater opportunity to the aver-
age family and where the average man
may get more out of life than in a too
strenuous city.
Secretary Half Million Club.
Among the monetary institutions that
have been prominent in the development
* seen in this city of late years, and one
which has always given a good account
of itself when it came to-movements that
tended to give us an advancement com-
mesurate with the great natural and ac-
uier advantages enjoyed by this city,
iere s no better known name or more
highly thought of institution than the
Ctisens Bank of Jacksonville, the subject
of this sketch, who are to be found
located in a handsome modern structure
at Bridge and Bay streets. This bank
has only been in operation for the past
year and a half, but already its name is
well known ad has been identified with
the most active business circles of this
community. Four expert accountants are
employed in the bank in addition to the
officers of the institution, and all the
latest and most modern accessories for a
work of this character are to be found in-
stalled here. The men who have made
such a bank a possibility are Messrs. Dun-
can U. Fletcher, president; David H. Doig,
vice president; Charles H. Mann, vice
president, and J. Denham Bird, cashier.
ine executive committee is composed of
such men as Flavins F. Christie, Ben S.
Gatlett, Geo. F. Drew, F. G. Yerkes,
Brooke K. White, these names being too
wel known to require more than a men-
tiao at our hands. The business which is
being conducted includes everything in the
nkin lines amd no pains are spared
to make their services of the most valua-
ble character to their depositors and pa-
tram. The capital and surplus stock of
the bank amount to $56,00, with deposits
of nearly $4000. This is an independ-
ent corporation, free of all outside influ-
enee, and its relations to the public being
governed solely by its offers and Board
of Directors are much closer in touch with
the reque..-.at of the people than those
of the average bak. They act as trus-
es, managers, fiscal agents, and as exe-
cutor, guardians, ate. Their motto is fair-
ness to all and an equal chance for each
business house in the city, no partiality
or prejudices being shown by the institu-
tio in any of its dealings with the people
of Jacksonville. The directors are D. IT.
ieteber, attorney at law, and twice may-
or of Jacksonville; David Doig, secretary
North Springfield Company; J. Denham
Bird, cashier; klavius F. Christie, realty,
president Christie Investment Company;
H. E. Paul, vice president East Coast
Lumber Company; Ben S. Catlett, live
stock; H. M. Wood, capitalist; Jackson
Misee, capitalist; Joseph Zapf, president
Joseph Zapf Brewing Company; Oscar
Seewald, vice president and general man-
ager Joseph Zapf Brewing Company; J.
R. Porter, president Porter-Mallard Gro-
cery Company, wholesale grocers; Rev.
Brooke G. White, Fred Yerkes, treasurer
Florida Hardware Company, and Geo. L
DIew, timber lands, president Drew Lum-
ber Company.

One of the most exceptional sights of
this exceptional city is the Florida Os-
trich Farm, which is located on the St.
Johns river, about ten minutes car ride
from the city, and which is the largest
farm of its character in the world. The
farm has 157 birds at the present time,
and many of them are trained. Some of
them trot in harnems ad will give the

fastest horse a rub either on the track or
on the road, as they are magnificent trot-
ters and seem to take very kindly to the
harness and buggy. This is the only ex-
hibit farm of ostriches in the world, and
a feature is given each day including rid-
ing and driving of birds, and special
stunts by trained birds. Last summer
these same birds performed before crowds
of millions in Chicago, and received thr
greatest interest of anything which has
been exhibited in that city in many years
They have regular band concerts on Sun-
days, and it will well repay any one to
call on this farm and see these g.eat birds,
the largest feathered tribe in the world.
in their almost natural surroundings. The
birds do well here, are easily acclimated
and the elegant treatment which they re-
ceive has had much to do with the long-
evity of the birds in captivity. Mr. Chas.
D. Fraser, the manager and director, has
sole charge of this farm, and it is due
to his ability, his instinct with animals
and the long experience and training
which he has had with ostriches that he
has made such a wonderful success of this
work here and given us the peerless at-
traction of the world. Special care must
be taken of the birds, special stables ar-
ranged for them, and special yards or
corrals where they can run at their own
pleasure. They are not difficult to han-
dle for Mr. Fraser. but are a rather
cranky animal or bird for any one to fool
with who does not understand them. In
addition to the above farm Mr. Fraser
has one of the finest curio sh-"s to be
found anywhere in the country. Here
will be found all the fine ostrich goods.
such as feathers, fans, etc., and also a full
line of fruit knives, souvenir spoons,
match safes, and spoons and novelties
never seen anywhere else in the commu-
nity. Everything in ostrich feather goods
such as plumes, boas, etc., will be found
in this collection, which is presided over

by several young ladies who thoroughly
understand the business in every sense
of the word. Mr. Fraser has spent a great
deal of time and attention on this store,
and it has well repaid him for his trou-
ble. It has also come to be one of the
most important and most popular stores
of its kind to be found in Jacksonville.
Another odity which will be found here is
a hybrid animal which has baffled the
experts of the world and which are to
be found nowhere but here. The farm is
rapidly becoming a regular winter quar-
ters for some of the largest shows in the
country. they having found fine accommo-
dations here to winter their animals. The
only charge-to this farm is the small one
of 25 cents for admittance to th animal
and moving picture show.

Photography is one of tle highest arts
and one which requires not only the most
careful and skilled training on the part
of the one who takes it up, but also the
eye of an artist. Such requirements have
Iwen filled by the above house, which is
operated by Miss Minnie E. Neal, at 27
East Bay street, where this young lady
is located. The studio is large, light and
airy and the work room, dark room, de-
veloping room, etc., are all finished up in
the most modern and up-to-date manner.
Miss Neal came here from DeLand, Fla.,
December 1, 1906, where she had seven
years experience in this line of work.
Her trade is growing in a wonderfully
rapid manner and includes all the best
patronage of the city, this being the class
of trade to which this young lady caters.
No cheap work ever goes out of this stu-
dio, nothing but the best finished and
highest class work being done here. The
interior of the studio with its handsome
reception rooms, its well furnished halls,
and light and cheerful work-room, is one
of the most popular in this city. Miss

Florida Ostrich Farm.

Freeman, the artist, has had the finest
training in New York schools and does
all the art work of the entire house. A
specialty is made of portrait waters colors
and enlargements, and in this line this
lady leads as in many others.

For three years this firm has been
handling wholesale fruit and produce in
their large and well equipped warehouse
at 6 South Newnan street, and have had
a steady growth of business which could
have only come from the right kind of
management. The principles on which the
firm have worked have been those of ab-
solute equity to all concerned, and the
lowest possible price for which their goods
could be sold, in addition to which they
are willing to pay a fair proportionate
price for what they buy, with the natural
result that they have a choice of some of
the finest lots of fruit and produce to be
found anywhere in the State. Mr. John
S. Arnold, the president and active man-
ager of the firm has had many years ex-
perience before locating here three years
ago, and has studied his line of work in
various locations and localities with the
result that when he established himself
and company here he had a pretty good
idea of what he was doing and the large
business which they have carried on and
built up here proves how genuine his in-
sight was in this particular instance.

Jacksonville has always been noted for
her elegant accommodations in the restau-
rant and hotel lines, and we think that all
who have stopped with the above men-
tioned gentleman will agree with us when
we state that nowhere in the city can
finer accommodations be found than his,
and the price of his rooms only varies
from 50 cents to $1 per night. He has
also a fine restaurant in connection where
good wholesome well cooked meals can be
had for 25 cents each. Mr. Zahm is also
operating a high class bar in connection
with his house, where the very best of
everything in the line of whiskies, liquors
of all kind, ales, wines, beers, etc, can be
had at a moment's notice. This house is
located at 128 East Bay street. There
are thirty rooms in addition to the bar
and lunch room and a counter where the
finest of cigars and tobaccos can be had
at any time. Hot and cold water accom-
modations are to be found all through the
house and nothing in the way of furnish-
ings is spared which will help to the com-
fort and convenience of their patrons
who number many of the best people of
our city.

No class of men have done mae for this
State and city than the realty men and it
is with this in mind that we wish to men-
tion the prominent part which the above
referred to company has had in the ad-
vancement of our city. Mr. Ben Bur-
bridge, the manager of the firm, is one of
the men who has practically spent his life
in this line of work, having been located
here for upwards of twenty years, which
places him in an exceptionally fine posi-
tion to afford his patrons the best and
most reliable information concerning the
city and State surrounding the city. Mr.
Burbridge is at the present time promot-
ing the piece of elegant suburban prop-
erty known as the Burbridge Addition.
This piece of ground is located in the
northern portion of the city and many of
the finest homes in our community are
now being built there, proving beyond a
doubt the certainty of the future value
of this portion of the city.

This firm is one of the best known and
most ably handled in the electrical sup-
ply business in this city, Mr. A. Wright
Ellis being a direct manufacturer's agent
,f some of the largest firms in the world,
Imong them being such well known names
is Wagner Electric Mfg. Co., Motors;
)tis Elevator Company; Morse-Williams
i Co., Elevators: Automatic Pump Co..
Beer Pumps: and other electrical supply
and notion houses. Estimates are mi 'e
promptly for any character of electrical
installation and the work is guaranteed

to give perfect satisfaction. Mr. Ellis has

Florida Ostrich Farm.


been with us in this line of work for the prominence and note in the fashionable
past year and is now to be found at 40 world. The members of this firm are
West Adams street. All orders for beer Messrs. Geo. W. Stuart and Emil Bern-
pumps can be handled immediately as he stein, two of our best known business men
has already a large and complete stock of and highly thought of citizens.
them on hand which will be equal to all
demands that may be made upon it. HIRSCH LUMBER COMPANY.
Elevator maintenance is made one of the The greatness of this State is unques-
specialties of this modern and up-to-date tionable and it is to firms of the magni-
house. One of their men calis and inspects tude of the above that we owe this posi-
your elevator every week for a small sum tion. Lumber has come to be one of the
per month. This system has been re- standard and most required commodities
sponsible in great measure for the few ac- in the world, and these gentlemen have
cidents had on elevators in this country filled a large place in the general amount
while the neglect of some such precaution of business done here in their lines in the
has had much to do with the acci- seven years they have had an office here.
dents we have had in this form of public The members of the firm are Mr. Chas. S.
conveyance. Mr. Ellis has a very large Hirsch, President; Albert Hirsch, Vice-
number of elevators on his list at the President; Bernhard Tim, Secretary and
present time. Mr. Ellis has one of the Treasurer; and Edg.r Hirsch, Assistant
best equipped shops for installation and Secretary. This firm now has offices in
repairs to be found anywhere in the South the Dyal-Upchurch Bldg., where they oc-
and expects to put in a fine stock of sup- cupy rooms 414-415-417 and 419. Their
plies in the near future. He is one of our main office is at 42 Broadway. New York
most able business men and a public spir- City. Mr. W. E. Gullett is the sole ag-ent
ited citizen, for them in this territory, having I;een in
charge of the office ever since it was lo-
THE STUART-BERNSTEIN COMPANY. cated here and having come to be known
The care which our people exercise in as being one of our leading business men
the matter of dress has come to be one and manipulators of lumber in that time.
of the best known factors, and one which While the firm is incorporated for $800.
has favorably impressed all travelers, "000, they have most of their work done in
about the appearance of our people, and the shipping lines in Jacksonville. and
this is a very gratifying state of affairs, recently cleared out eight Spanish harks
The merchants in this city who handle with their products. They have space
clothing and gents' furnishing goods will reserved for them on all the docks, which
tell you that they can sell nothing but the enables them to make prompt shipment
very best brand of goods, and that even from this city to all points, and all work
of the best brands they must have a large coming through the city is giving our
and complete selection if they are to people business at every turn. Seventy.

addition to his regular retail trade and
one of the largest cold storage and ware-
house plants is being built for him here
which can be found anywhere in the
wholesale districts of the community.
Eight men are employed in addition to
the drivers of his four wagons. Mr. Rivas
has already two warehouses and cold stor-
age plants and when this final one is com-
pleted will have the largest stock of his
goods to be found anywhere in the State,
and one which will compare very favor-
ably with those in any city in the coun-

During the thirty years this house has
been in the city it has come to be known
as one of our leading hotels and the ae-
commodations which this hotel have fur-
nished our resident and traveling public
have been such as to win for them the
entire esteem and respect of the public
and to extend their name and reputation
t..roughout the entire southern country.
The house has one hundred and twenty-
five rooms, and is installing a system of
private baths which will soon be ready for
occupancy. The entire place has been
lately done over by the cleaner
and the best of furniture is to be found
in all the rooms, halls and the entire four
floors. This house is located at 235 West
Bay street, where they occupy the entire
block, and where they are always ready
to welcome guests for any length of time
from a day to a permanent home. There
are eighteen employees, and there is also
a fine restaurant in the ground floor al-
though there is none operated by this
house, they catering strictly to roomers.
The parlors are very nicely furnished, and
no pains have been spared to make this
one of the most popular houses of its kind
in the city. Mr. George Mason, the man-
ager and proprietor, is a young man who
has been in the hotel business nearly all
his life, his father having had charge of
this hotel before him. Mr. Mason has
come to be known as being one of our
genial and public spirited gentlemen and
has made hosts of friends among the res-
dent and traveling public who think very
highly of him and his house and it has
come to be known as being one of the
best and most homelike hotels in the com-
munity. Mr. Mason is always to be
found behind any movement which tend
to make this a more advanced community
and can be depended upon for his support
in all ways.

in the past, amd whom we mat look to
for all such movements in the fatu.
Among them perhaps e name is better
known in commison circles than that
of Wilson & Parker, who are general mn-
mission brokers and common mer-
chants, and who are State agents for the
North Packing & Provision Co., and Pill-
bury-Whshbura Flour Mills Oon y,
makers of the famous Pillsbury XXX
Best Flour. This Arm has been here for
the past twenty-four years, and has al-
ways shown itself one of modern and up-
to date tendencies, and one which would
let no legitimate chance of advancement
go past. They handle nothing but ear-
load lots, and this has enabled them to
undersell many of their competitors who
handle smaller quantities. The office is
to be found in the COasolidated Building,
room 402, where they are admirably lo-
cated for a work of this nature, and where
they are always ready to quote the whole-
sale prices on all classes of merchandise
in their line. The name Wilson & Parker
has stood for all that is best in the com-
mercial line for so long that it is almost
a household word in the State of Florida.
Their sterling representation of their
goods, the condition in which they are re-
ceived by the buyer, their low prices and
their prompt shipment of all orders have
earned them a business patronage which
is excelled by that of no other frm in the
same line of work.
Mrs. A. D. Polk is the secretary of the
firm, and much of the office system is due
to her careful attention to details. Twen-
ty-four years have given Measrs. Wilson
& Parker an admirable insight into the
work they are engaged in, and has shown
them how the details must be arranged
to give the results which these gentlemen
have acquired. They are public-spirited,
and as said in the forepart of this arti-
cle, are always to be found behind immi-
gration movements which tend to get la-
bor into this county. It is labor and
labor alone that the State of Florida re-
quires to become greater a hundredfold
than she is at present, and labor alone
will do it. She has everything else that
a civilized community could desire.

In the city of Jacksonville the-e are
examples of those in special business pur-
suits. whose prominence in all business
enterprises has been such as to render
them conspicuous, not only among the

please the critical patronage which they
have built up for themselves among "peo-
ple who care." One such firm is known
as The Stuart-Bernstein Co., and is lo-
etaed at 14 West Bay Street, where these
gentlemen have been handling clothing,
gents' furnishing goods, etc., for the past
four years. The first floor has everything
* in the line of men's fittings, the second
floor is devoted to boys' and children's
goods, this department being one of the
finest and most complete in the entire
South. This firm have by their care and
attention to orders, the good quality of
goods which they handle and the sterling
business principles that have actuated
them In their dealings built up for them-
selves a business patronage that is second
to none in this city. No pains are spared
in picking out their stock to get the best
which the market can afford, and special
care is also taken to see that the goods
are so displayed as to win the prompt at-
tention of all who enter the store or pass
their windows, which always have some-
thing new and stylish in sight. Every-
thin! which can come under the name of
ien's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishing
Goods is handled by this firm, and the
stock of everything is of the best brade,
and in the most stylish cuts and fabrics.
Hart, Schaffner & Marx Clothing is hand-
led, Manhattan and Emery Shirts and
Kao Hats, sad other grades of equal

five men are employed here in handling the
immense stocks of timber, planking and
flooring which they specialize in, and the
same is true of Brunswick, Savannah, and
'ernandina, in each of which places they
employ a like number to handle their
work, which is growing in volume with
each day's business. They have but re-
cently commenced exporting their lumber,
and this fleet of eight Spanish barks is
one of the first large shipments they have
made. They have thus opened the way
for our people to send their lumber to
foreign countries, where it commands high

In the liquor business there is no name
which is better known or more highly
thought of than that of Mr. Henry Rivas,
who has been with us for the past three
-bil !Ul ae a sg eq; Jo ano suq pun 's.maS
our houses in this city. Mr. Rivas has an
exceptionally well fitted up place, with
fine accommodations for all those who
have a spare hour to spend in good com-
pany and cheerful quarters. Mr. Rivas
has cr-e of the largest and most select
stocks of liquors to be found in this city,
including the famous brews of the Frank
Fehr Brewing Company, of Louisville. for
which he is one of the three agents in this
State. A wholesale business is handled in

Everett Hetel.

Everyone in the State of Florida is
working for laborers, and it is only natu-
ral that the Industrial Record, being one
of the most prominent organs in the
State, should be greatly interested in this
phase of the industrial development of our
country. We therefore in this review of
the allied industries of this State, and en-
deavor to gain immigration, wish to men-
tion those men and business houses which
have been prominent in such movements

firms of this ity, but also among those
of the entire country. Undaunted energy
and progressive methods of modern busi-
ness have made the above firm what it is
at the present time and both their offiees,
the one in Jaeksonville and the one in
Tampa, have filled a large position among
the leading business houses of this State
and entire Southern country. This Arm
has a capital stoek of one million dollars,
which ranks it as a leader among the
mammoth business enterprises of the eoa.


try, and is conserved and offered by men
who have spent their lives in this line of
work and who thoroughly understand all
the various departments of such a large
and high-class firm. They are naval
stores factors and wholesale dealers in
groceries, grain, hay and operators' sup-
plies. Their large warehouses and wharfs
are capable of handling an enormous stock
and in their grocery lines will be found
all the leading brands of goods which one
would expect to tind in a house of this size
and magnitude. The officers of the com-
pany are Messrs. D. 0. Ashley, President;
B. W. Blount, Ist Vice-President and Gen-
eral Manager: Carl Moller, 2nd Vice-Pres-
ident; G. A. Petteway, 3d Vice-Ptesident;
S. H. Berg, Secretary and Treaser, and
A. C. Bacon, Assistant Secretary and
Treasurer. These men have long been
known as being among Georgia and Flor-
ida's leading and most enterprising busi-
ness men and have always been foremost
movers in all efforts which have been
made by the press and business commun-
* ity at large for the future advancement
and development of the State. Their
operations in this State, extending as they
do all over the State and reaching out
from this State to all the larger Eastern
and Northen cities, have been the means
of spreading the reputation of this city
and country far and wide over the entire
United States. They have always been
one of our leading immigration supporters
and are sure to be found behind such
movements as have this end in view. The
Peninsular Naval Stores Company is not
the oldest commission house in Florida,
being established only a few years ago in
Tampa, but it is to-day one of the largest
with scores of leading operators as its
customers. Prompt and at all times just
business methods, liberal treatment of
producers, and close touch with the com-
mission world has given the company un-
usual facilities for the successful handling
of its business.

The evolution which the steam laundry
has worked in the minds of the people to-
ward cleanliness is something to be won-
dered at, for if there were no steam laun-
dries at the present time and all work hld
to be done by hand we can imagine we
would think twice before running up an
immense bill t the laundry. Now the
work is done in one day and delivered,
is better done and quicker done, is cheaper
done and more evenly done than it ever
could be done by hand. The New York
Steam laundry is one which has always
been known as keeping strictly up with
the times, and has nothing but the very
latest and most modern machinery to be
found in a home of this character. The
owners are all well known business men
of this city, two of whom at least have
had long and practical experience in the
laundry lines. They have been located
here for the ast twenty-four years, and
were incorported under their present
name in 19, since when they installed
new machinery and made various changes
in their plant which has enhanced its
value very much. Five wagons are em-
ployed for city delivery and fifty-six
people find employment. The bm'lding in
which they are located is one of the finest
brick structures to be found in the busi-
ness district and has been equipped and
fitted up with special reference to the
work in which they are now engaged, thus
being one of the finest locations of its
kind which can be found anywhere in the
South. The officers are well known and
public-spirited business men of this city.

The growth and development which has
followed the factoring of naval stores in
this State has been something wonderful
and it is without any precedent in the
annals of business in this Southern coon-
try. One of the largest firms in this line
of work in the world is the consolidat .4
Naval Stores Co, who are-strictly naval
stores factors, and who handle the output
of some of the largest operators in the
State of Florida, which at the present
time means the world. nis firm has for
its offers the following well known and
highly thought of business men of this
city: W, C, Powell, president; B. F. Bul-

Interior Art Department, Miss Jacobis SchooL

lard, H. L. Covington, J. A. Cranford, D. MISS JACOBPS SCHOOL.
H. McMillan, B. R. Powell, C. M. Coving- We dare say that every person in the
ton John Powell, vice-presidents State who has been at any time interested
ton, John H. Powell, vice-presidents: C. utn h h d of this school and
in education has heard of this school and
P. Dusenbury, secretary and treasurer. we think that it is not going too far to
The executive committee is formed of say that every one in the country has at
Messrs. W. C. Powell, C. B. Rogers, H. L. some time or another been brought face to
ovington, B. F. Bulard and J. A. Cran- face with the remarkable good which it has
ford. The directors are W. C. Powell, B. ween doing here. A list of the courses and
. Bullard, C. B. Rogers, J. A. Cranford, instructors will show more clearly than
W. J. Hillman, John H. Powell, W. F. words the position which this school occu-
Coachman, H. L. Covington, C. Downing, pies here. Elocution and Pysical Culture,
D. H. McMillan, R. B. Powell, C. M. Coy- Gertrude F. Jacobi, French by Hewii Ver-
ington and S. A. Alford. The paid-in naelde. Sculpture by Charles A. Pillars,
gton and S. A Alford. he paid Academic Department by Mabel W. Ran-
capital stock of the company is $2500,- ell Intermeiate Department by Mis.
000, and the firm is owned and controlled ll Itte wins Primary Department
by practical operators. The Consolidated (lIarlotte Hawkins. Primary Department
by practal operates bConsola y iss Ruth Walker and Assistant, Kin-
is a purely co-operative company, the in- lergarten by Adele Jacobi and Assistant.
terests of the company and of the pro- This s.hoolal teaches Pottery, Floyd's
ducers being identical. The patronage of Home Lnomies. draughting, and there is
all turpentine operators all over the State private. in manual training and
is solicited and the manner in which thev a cas. private, in manual training an
receive sterling consideration has anin. The ain school hd at the last
much to do with the immense growth of tern, one hundred and seven pupils, from
much t. do with the immense growth of all over the State. where the fame of this
this firm. This is not a company where hasread t has been fond nee-
a few get all the benefits. It is a com- ho a spread. s n o
np nt e arv to rent an annex across the street
pany where a man gets out just as much froa- thoen an ocaion to handle the large
as he puts in. with the natural result nufromthers of new pupils. A boarding dthe large
that while the total of business done is numbes of ne pupils. A boarding de-
something immense, it is distributed l nt is to i st ished in the e
among so many that the effects are all ftitre. y next term at least, and the
rates of the school are extremely reason-
for the good and that no one man or able. so much so that most parents would
small body of men gets all the money rather send their children here to be fin-
which is made by the company. The hed than to send them away to schools
iisllet than to send them away to schools
Consolidated has surely filled a large and i at. Thichool is oe of
e adding position in the time it has beenhi
leading position in the time it has been we are justly prod, and when we consider
located here and this has had much to do that a home school can rank in its spee-
with the manner in which the people of ialties with the very best in the country,
this city look on it and its methods. They and has the hest instructors which time
are purely a firm for the good of the and mne an secure and offers a curried-
many and the treatment which they have lumn whi-lh is second to none, we think
vouchsafed all who have had dealings with f iss Jaobl i deserves great credit for the
them has been such as to win for them the manner and metlhd, which she has used
lasting esteem and respect of all who have in its establishment.
been in touch with them. The officers.
executive committee and the directors are
men who have made their names known
all over the world, and their interest in
this State is large and steadily increasing
as new chances for investment are opened
up. This is ne of the o few firms in the
city which can always be relied on to do
their .est for the interests of the State
at all times, as the large body of men
Thlich is interested in the conipany has
driven mnlt private greed. and one is for
all an I all for one, with the natural result
that the-e is _o-d feeling in the firm. n<,
company working, more smoothly andl
agrneably tlihai this does. We need lardlly
stat-" irii.e" re.ga rdilg the Ilmien who ha:vtt
n'ade or.ch a well established asld n mll-
n-otli opoialniiy possible. they being well
known to our people froni the multiplicity
of interests which they have in this State "
and citv.
The company has 2.000,000 acres of vir- -.- ---
gin pine lands for sale on easy terms. E. E. Cleaveland Furniture Co.,

Florida's Greatest and Finest Furnitre
Store. Established 27 Years.
Of all the notable attractions of this
city, none excite greater admiration and
interest than the mammoth furniture, em-
porium of E. E. Cleaveland Furniture o.,
which beyond peradventure is the hand-
somest and most up-to-date establishment
of its kind in the entire South. It was
founded in 1880 by its present owners and
its growth and progress has been so phe-
nomenal that it commands to-day the
proud and enviable position of Florida's
leading and most prominent furniture
store; it employs 30 experienced people
to handle the immense patronage which
they have built up. and requires three
great floors 106x105, or over 33,000 square
feet to display the stupendous stock
which they carry. The handsome show
windows, which are an attraction in them-
selves, receive the constant care and at-
tention of expert window dressers and
have a frontage of 210 feet, and contain
over 2.500 square feet area.
A business of over $200,000 empha-
sizes the value of the location and the
men who conduct its management, and
the artistically displayed stock can only
be termed enormous, as figures would con-
vey no idea of its immensity.
Everything pertaining to the complete
furnishing of the home from cellar to at-
tic may be found here in the greatest of
abundance, from the most humble and in-
expensive article to the grander and more
pretentious commodities; this concern has
also just added a very extensive carpet
department, which is replete with the
choicest productions of this country and
the Orient. Enjoying as it does a very
extensive patronage throughout Georgia
and Florida, out of town trade is specially
solicited,. and all mail orders receive

corner Laura and Forsyth Streets.


propt and careful personal attention.
The oicers of the company are, E. E.
Clavelad, Sr., president; R. W. Beid,
manage, ad E. E. Cleaveland, Jr., secre-
tary and treasurer.

The cut on this page of the Groover-
Stewart Drug Company will give a much
better idea of the scope of their business
and the magnitude of the trade which
they are handling than could we in many
words. This is one of the finest four-
story structures in the city, and the pres-
ent firm have been occupying these quar-
ters since 1906, when they succeeded
Christie-Groover Company, who were in
the same line of work. Thirty-five men
are employed by this firm in handling
the immense business which they have
built up for themselves and in addition
to the city trade they are in touch with
a great deal of the best trade of the coun-
try round about, which is covered by five
traveling men. They do a strictly whole-
sale business, and their drugs have al-
ways been known for their purity, which
has been one of their strong points in
their popularity. Meesrs. Groover and
Stewart have always been numbered
among our most able men in the drug
lime, and their long and varied experi-
ence in handling a work of this nature
has placed them in the finest position to

afford their patrons the most high-class
accommodations in this line. The officers
of the company are Messrs. F. C. Groover,
president; M. W. Stewart. vice president.
and H. E. Stewart, secretary and treas-
urer. These men are widely known
throughout the entire State for their
sterling business principles and for the
business like and modern methods which
they have exercised in the handling of
this firm. As said before, no pains are
spared to make this the greatest business
of its character to be found anywhere in
the South, and how well they have sue-
ceeded is to be seen from the large patron-
age which they have gained in the past
year and a quarter. They have always
been numbered among our most public
spirited gentlemen and can be relied on
to do their best for the development of
the country in which they are so much

The fish of the Atlantic Coast have al-
ways been famous and this is not only
confined to the salt water fish but the
fresh water fish of this portion of the
coast, the State of Florida having become
famous because of their good eating qual-
ities. A gentleman who has taken advan-
tage of this state of affairs and who has
built up a fine business in fresh water

fish is Mr. E. Vanderpoel, wholesale and
retail dealer in the above commodities.
Mr. Vanderpoel has one of the largest
leet of fishing vessels, including steam
.unches. The most potent factors i
the business have been the prudence, en-
terprise and up-to-date modern methods
of carrying on the business. All varieties
of fresh and salt water fish are caught by
this gentleman, both those near here and
those in the far south of the State. Shad
and mullet are made his specialty and
these alone are caught by the thousand
every day. Mr. Vanderpoel has been in
this line of work here for the past thirty-
four years and has thus gained that ex-
perience which is so necessary for a work
of this character.

To any one who is visiting this city
for the first time the thing which strikes
them strongest is the beauty of the build-
ings which we have here, nor does this
beauty stop on the outside, as can easily
be seen from a survey of the stocks of the
interior decorators, wall paper companies,
and others who eater to the finishing
touches of a building or residence. The
Hall Wall Paper Company is perhaps one
of the very best known to be found in
this city and the stock of goods which
they handle is the largest, most compre-
hensive and the best selected to be seen

in Jacksonville. Mr. G.P. Hall, the m-a
ger, in one of the most able wall paper e-
tailers in this city and will always be
found at his location at 30 East Frsyth
street, where he carefully supervise all
the work of the firm. From seven to
twelve men are employed according to the
time of the year, and all work is guara-
teed to give perfect satisfaction. This
firm was located here three years ago and
has had a steadily increasing and expand-
inug business which has ranked it with
any in the city. A great many of the
finest residences in the eity owe the
beauty of their interior work to the net
that they have had the Hall Wall Paper
Company do the work.

(Incorporated by State of lrid.)
Officers: M. D. Johnson, President; E.
T. Johnson, Secretary; O. L Albrittoam
Treasurer; B. C. Johnsoa, General In-
spector; C. E. Clarke, Supt Agents.
The most notable feature of the com-
pany above mentioned is that it is strictly
a company of the people of this State for
the benefit of the people of this State,
and that all its actions show that it was
established for the purpose of giving peo-
ple good insurance, liberal insurance and
safe insurance, for a legitimate and reas-
onable margin of profit, and reward to
the men who have made such a company
a possibility. The company was estab-
lished in 1899 and was the first company
to pay its pollies in full for sickness ad
accident at the ed of three months in-
stead of six as other companies pay thm.
They were also the first to place a rcla
in their policies, beginning with the year
1907, to pay additional siek and aident
benefits to its policy holders when the il-
ness or accident lasted more than two
weeks. This clause is to e retro-aetive
as well as futurative and wil cost the
company something like $,000 during the
coming year. They have shown by tis
and other features of their policies wieh
are absolutely unique with this ompawy
that they really have the good of their
policy-holders at heart and that they will
be satisfied with a reasonable margin of
profit for the fine work which they are
carrying on here. This and all their other
features are purely voluntary as this
company has always done a good business
here, and in the surrounding country.
They merely do this to give their poley-
holders the benefit of their experience it
the insurance business and to show that
what they have 4one has been for the
good of all and that it is something which
an the other companies could do were
they so inclined and had they the good of
their policy-olders at heart as has this
company. They have an industrial dase
in their policies which i merely a week
installment asis, and which allows a per
son to insure for a week, two weeks, or
so on up as they desire, either against
sickness or accident, and which has been
the means of affording our traveling pub-
lie a great deal of aceommodationm the
accident insurance lines in the past few
years. In addition to the offes here they
also have offices in:
Tampa, Key West, Fernandina, St. Aug-
ustine, Ocala, Gainesville, Lake City, Tal-
lahassee, Live Oak, Apalachieola, Miami,
Quincy, Lakeand, Palatka, and West
Palm Beach.

Purity must always be paramount in
meats or the business which handles the
meats is sure to decrease instead of grow-
ing and the men who are interested in it
will soon find themselves out of pocket.
One gentleman who has always seen to it
that his meats are not only in the gaet
condition when he gets them but that they
are kept in the finest condition until sold
is Mr. S. S. Goldsberry who has been lo-
cated at 507 Main street for some time
and who has been altogether in this city
for the past fourteen years, in which time
he has come to be known as being one of
our leading retailers of high-elass pure
meats. His store is always kept in the
most neat and sanitary condition and it
is a pleasure to enter a house which has
such care taken of it as has this one.
And then the refrigerator facilities are of
the highest charaMegr an most moaera


in their methods which insures his pat-
rons against impure or unhealthy meats
at all times. A specialty is made of poul-
try and fresh eggs, dairy and farm prod-
uce and five men are employed to see
that the trade gets the very best treat-
ment and the most prompt and efficient
service at all times. Two delivery wag-
ons insure that your meat will be re-
ceived in plenty of time for meals.


Presllet's Oice.
The Florida ife Insurance Company
owes its existence to the natural growth
of the commercial development of its
home State, and to the fact that the
progressive business men of Florida are
working for their own prosperity and
advancement. There is no reason why the

Cashier's Ofice.
South cannot build up strong and pro-
gressive institutions, as well as other
sections of the country.
The Florida Life issued its first policy
on May Ist, 1906, and for the eleven
months ending March 20th, 1907, had is-
sued over a million and three-quarters

Screta s Offce.
in business. When it is taken into con-
sideration that the company does not is-
sue anything in the nature of board con-
tracts, in a limited field, this is a good
The company has over four hundreds
stockholders, composed of the most suc-

cessful business and professional men of
the State, and it is officered and managed
by practical insurance men.
The great success attained by this com-
pany fully demonstrates the fact that
the public approves of its conservative
and economical management and of the
liberal features of its policies, and realizes
the importance and advantage of placing
insurance with a company which will in-
vest its funds to develop the resources of
the section from which it is received.

Assistant Secretary's Office.
The people of Florida, from one end of
tLe State to the other, are daily taking
a more active interest in the welfare of
the company, and during the time the
company has been in business, it has writ-
ten more insurance than any other life
insurance company doing business in the
State of Florida for a like period.
While the Company is only operating
in Florida at the present time, arrange-
ments are being made to enter other
The officers of the company are: M. D.
Johnson, president; P. D. Oassidey and
D. LH McMillan, vice-presidents; 0. S. All-
britton, treasurer; Herbert B. Race, secre-
tary and Jno. W. Dodge, counsel.

The development of a city requires
many things to work in common toward
one general effect, and among these things
is manufacturing. Manufacturing is by
all means the most important of the
many industrial features which go to
make up the general result which has
come to be known as a city, which in
plain terms is nothing but a body of men
banded together each to supply the other
with that which he can make best, rather
t.an each to make his own goods and sup-
pnies and live by himself. The Florida
Spring Bed Manufacturing Company is es-
tablished here because Spring Beds and
Mattresses are the commodities which
they make best, and they have proven
so acceptable to their patrons that they
have continued to make them and wax
and grow larger and stronger financially
and in a structural sense all the time
they have been making them in this city.
They were established in 1903 and incor-
porated when business grew larger an-l
more complex in 1906. The capital stock
at which they are rated is $25,000, and
their fittings and equipment are the very
best which money and time can furnish.

Tresrer' Office.

The plant is modern in every sense of the
word, and only the most skilled employ-
ees will be found working here. Forty
men are employed and the wages run up
to $19,000 per annum, which shows the
class of labor which they employ here.
A business of $110,00 per annum is done
here and their springs, spring beds, spring
cots and mattresses are known all over
the entire country. Their specialty is the
famous Dixie Brand mattress. This plant
is the only one of its kind to be found
in the State of Florida and has taken a
great deal of the trade of larger plants
in the North in the time it has been here.
This is what the State of Florida requires
to become great. People who will locate
factories here which cannot only compete
on equal terms with those up North and
farther East. but which can take the
business away from them, thus keeping
the money in circulation in the South.
The officers of this company are Mess-s.
J. C. Connolly, president and manager;
F. H. Elmore, vice-president, and J. C.
Russell, secretary.

Jacksonville's growth and development
in the past few years has been little
short of marvelous and all who have kept
careful track of the advancement which
has been made here by the various city
commercial houses cannot help but be im
pressed with the future of this communi-
ty. Among the prominent wholesale
houses we wish to call particular atten-
tion to the Florida Paper Company which
has been with us since 1906, and in that
comparatively short time has had as sue-
cessful a career as any house in the city.
They are located where they have ample
facilities in the shipping and receiving
lines, and do a strictly wholesale business
their patrons being all the smaller store
in the city and state, and some in other
bordering states. Two men travel tht
country for them and six men are em-
ployed in the city and in the warehouse
handling the large amount of business
which is steadily coming in to them. The
proprietors of the business, Messrs. C. L.
and M E. Bean are numbered among our
most important and successful business
men and the manner in which they have
handled this stock has had a great deal to
do with the growth of their business They
handle a full and complete line of paper.
stationery, boxes, fruit wrappers, twine
and vegetable covers, and can always
meet all demands which may be made on
their stock. The location which thev
have selected for their work is one of the
best adapted for a wholesale business to
be found in the city and the territory
which they have tributary to them ha".
proven a very successful field for their

Irrigation, and machinery which is nec-
essary for its successful operation, has
grown to be an important factor in the
successful growing of fruit, vegetables
and produce; both in times of drouth and
frost. One company, in fact about the
only company in the State who make a

,specialty of this class of machinery, is
iBennett Bros. Co, Jacksonville. They
have been engaged in this line of work in
the north for over a quarter of a century;
and with their long experience have learn-
ed just what machinery and combinations
of machinery are necessary for the sue-
cessful operation of a plant of this kind,
one which will not only operate suc-
cessfully, but which will give large and
satisfactory results. They carry in stock
in their warehouse at all times, a com-
plete line of pumps, engines, etc., for the
installation of outfits of the smallest ca-
pacity, and up to the largest. Any one
contemplating the erection of this class of
goods, will do well to correspond with
this firm before taking any action.
Credit is due Mr. Lee Madden, who is
local manger, and who has proven himself
efficient in his position, by the great
growth of this company's business in the
comparatively short time it has been es-
tablished in our State.

Shoes to be of any particular use to
their owners must be kept in the very
best repair, and this is the particular line
which this firm have been following up
here for the past seven months, in which
time they have acquired a large trade
from the best people of the city who have
found that they can get the best and
cheapest repair work done here of any-
where in the city. They are equipped to
handle any job which may be taken to
them and they can handle it so meuc
quicker than the average shoemaker that
it is easy for them to charge less. Time
is money and they waste no time in this
modern and up-to-date shoe shop. A fne
stock of shoes of all kinds including the
best make, boots, slippers, low shoes, etc.,
is always to be found in their house (and
all styles of shoes are made to order).
And this has had much to do with the
large patronage which they are enjoying
at the present time. The establishment is
located at 206 Hogan street, and Mr. G.
Schevitz is the active manager of this

About six months ago the above men-
tioned firm bought out the well known
shoe dealer, Mr. J. K. Livingston, and has
since been operating the house at 25 East
Bay street, which has come to be so pop-
ular with our people who realize the value
of good shoes and the effect which a good
fitting shoe has on a person's feelings.
There is nothing to be found in this store
but good shoes, their specialties being
such well known brands as Walkover for
men and Queen quality for women, both
of which are standard of the world at
their price. In addition there is an im-
mense stock of other makes and styles
from which to select. The interior of the
store is equipped in the most neat and
tasty manner, and the two clerks, and
the manager, Mr. James Hunt, are ex-
perts in fitting shoes which insures their
patrons getting a satisfactory pair of
shoes in each case. A business approxi-
mating $40,000 per annum is being han-
died in this store and as every one knows
this is a large business for a retail ahoe
Free delivery is made for their patrons
and nothing is left undone which will
add to their comfort or convenience in
any way.

The tremendous growth and develop-
ment of Jacksonville in the past two or
three years has been something remark-
able and has marked an epoch in the ad-
vancement of the entire State. In the
merchandising lines this is especially
marked, and those men who handle mer-
chandise on a commission and brokerage
business tell us that their business is bet-
ter to-day than ever before in the history
of the State. Among the prominent men
in this line of work is Mr. Guy R. Cham-
plain. the well known merchandise broker
and manufacturers agent, who has the
sole agency for such well known firms as
EgF--O-See Manufacturing Co.. Arbuckle
coffees, and several other equally well
known companies and products This gen-
'leman has been koimsd here for the pat
-even years, and handles al thalt gs
on a strictly commission basis. This ae-


cessitates that he be a highly developed
salesman, as selling goods from a com-
mission basis is much harder than selling
as direct traveler of the house and the
larger profits show that the firms realize
this fact.
His offices are to be found at 135 East
Forsyth street, where he is admirably lo-
cated for a work of this nature, and
where he is always to be found ready and
willing to furnish quotations on all lines
aitl in all quantities from a small load up
to carload lots.

Mr. A. Waterman does not simply sell
you fittings for your store, he comes to
your place of business and takes careful
cognizance of the character of the work
which you are doing, the natural adva1-
tages of the hcuse and the kind of fixtures
which will suit best. He then makes an
estimate on the total cost and goes ahead
and installs all the fittings himself mak-
ing some of them, taking some of them
from stock and refitting others to suit the
,ccasion. Mr. Waterman having spent his
life in this line of work, is in a much bet-
ter position to know just what will arrive
at a desired effect in fittings than the av-
erage man who has never given the mat-
ter any thought and the natural result is
that you will find your store looking finer
after he has been through with it than
you would have thought possible from a
survey of the interior before this gentle-
man went to work on the establishment.
A simple list of the many stores which
he puts in all over the State is to be
found below. Drug stores, bank, cigar,
shoe, confectionery, clothing, millinery.
grocery, baker, butcher, office, hotel fix-
tures, saloon, pool, billiard room supplies,
bowling alleys, scales, show cases, wall
cases ,counter cases, floor cases, outdoor
display cases, safes, vaults, refrigerators,
for homes and stores, adapted to this cli-'
mate. window display fixtures, desks,
chairs, tables, mirrors, plate glasses, etc.

Standard in name and Standard in fact
suits the methods of the above company.
which has been with us for some six years
and which has corraled a great deal of the
best trade of our city in that period of
time. This store is located at 17 and 19
West Bay street, where they have two
stores entirely stocked with a full and
complete line of staple and fancy clothing.
notions, gents' furnishing goods, etc., etc.,
and a strictly "one price to all" principle
is being used in their methods of handling
trade. The styles and character of their

goods is the very best and only those
names which are known in the world of
clothing to denote quality will be found
in a list of the goods which they handle.
Manhattan and Eagle shirts, Fechheimer-
Fischel Co.'s clothing, Strouse Bros.'
clothing, lHawes' hats, for which they are
sole agents in the city, Stetson, No Name,
Hopkins Straw, Panama hats, and are sole
agents for Samuel Peck's boys' clothing.
The members of the firm are G. D.
.lacks. president; R. P. Chllier, secre-
tary and treas.

The Kohn-Furchgott Company is not
only the largest department store in Flor-
ida, but their stocks are always more up-
to-date and better assorted than you will
find elsewhere, while their prices in near-
lv every case will be found to be lower
:han other stores.
Furchgott's always keep in close touch
with the New York market, they have a
'"ern-anent office located at 110 Worth
street. where their special buyer is al-
ways on the alert to hurry on any new
";tyle the moment it comes out. Furch-
,:-tt'- also do a large importing business
rwort of their hosiery, gloves, laces, em-
lroideries and linen goods being imported
direct from the European manufacturers
to Jacksonville, thus saving for their cus-
tomers many charges and profits that are
i4sually added to imported goods.
Furchgott's mail order department is
quitee an institution; they have thou-
sands of customers in all parts of Flori-
da and Southern Georgia, who do nearly
all their shopping by mail. This mail or-
der system cannot be described better
a(ts as the customer's agent, not as the
store's. In most case an order by mail
is more satisfactory than if you bought
the goods yourself.
Upon the receipt of an order an ex-
perienced shopper reads it and informs
herself thoroughly as to counter, just as
you would, and carries out your order.
with the additional advantage to you that
she knows the store's stocks perfectly, far
better than you possibly could and is on
the spot to see the new goods and new
fashions upon their arrival from day to
day. This expert knowledge is at your dis-
posal whenever you shop by mail at
A mail order bulletin is published by
Furchgott's each month, it contains use-
ful information for people living out of
Jacksonville. Thousands of people
throughout Florida find it a great help in
doing their shopping. If you will write
requesting it Furchgott's will be pleased

to mail it to you each month.

There is no portion of the world where
a few dollars invested in realty will bring
as prompt and reliable returns as it will
in the State of Florida, and many of our
most able business men have been active
in the handling of real estate here for the
past few years. Among them we wish to
mention Mr. W. R. Rannie, who was born
in Tennessee, and afterwards received a
business training in New York City, that
great training school of the world. On
coming to Florida he saw the opportuni-
ties to be had in the realty and invest-
ment lines, and promptly took hold with


W. R. Rane.

his accustomed vigor and tenacity, and
has since shown that be is the right man
in the right place. For many years this
gentleman was interested in the West-
Raley-Rannie Company, but drew out a
few years ago, and has been handling his
business alone since then. A large in-
crease in the lands under his control and
the increasing sales he has made have
shown that he made no mistake by start-
ing in for himself. Mr. Rannie is well
known throughout this State, none better,
and has always been one of those men
who could be depended on to do their very
best for all movements that in any way
tended to the ultimate and future wealth
and prosperity of our community. He has
some of the largest tracts of land to be

found anywhere in the State ande his
control, and his lands include turpentine,
timber, grazing, farm adm planing mill
factory and mill sites, etc, etc. Mr. Ran-
nie is the right man to whom to go when
in doubt about the relative value of a
certain piece of land, as he has accurate
and recorded knowledge of all the open
lands in the State, and can tell at a mm-
ment's notice the exact financial and f-
ture value of any piece of ground on
rhich the investor may have had his eye.
Mr. Rannie is president of the Dixielnd
Amusement Company.

The work of the general repairman and
locksmith may not at first seem of much
importance, but when one takes into con-
sideration the many things which go
wrong with the machinery of the small
shop which cannot be fixed by any but
an expert, with the typewriter, the sew-
ing machine, the phonograph, the lawn
mower, etc., etc., it assumes a larger po-
sition. The firm which we have taken
the liberty of calling to the attention of
our readers in this review of the principal
industries of our city, is one of the most
important and the best equipped of any
of the repair shops to be found in this
-mmunity. They are located at 224 Main
street, where they have large and finely
equipped quarters for a work of this
character. Locksmithing, repairing of all
forms of mechanical contrivances, door
numbers, baggage cheeks, stencils and
stencil inks are all handled here and their
work will be found fully satisfactory in
every respect. A specialty is made of
gun and lock parts, and trunk supplies.
This firm are successors to Mr. J. H. Dob-
bins, but since moving into his quarters
have made many improvements.

In October, 1906, this firm succeeded the
firm known here for a year previous as
the Stephens-Baldwin Company, manufae-
turers and dealers in high grade lumber,
and since that time has shown that it is
fit to be enumerated among the great
lumber companies of the South. A resume
of the work which they have been doing
here in the past year would take up more
space than we are allotted for them, but
a short history of their efforts to get and
keep the best patronage of the State and
of outside cities, in the North and Bast
will not be out of place in these pages.
The firm is composed of John and A H.
Stephens, who in addition to being whole-
sale buyers and sellers heavily inter-
ested in several large saw mills, planing

Kohn-Fureihott C&


mills, and lumber camps. The amount of
lumber that they handle each month
would easily reach the imposing total of
two million feet, and this is all that qual-
ity of lumber which has made this State
famous as one of the great lumber pro-
dueing countries of the world. A special-
ty is made of yellow pine lumber, and
railroad timber, this latter being one of
their heaviest exporting departments,
and many of the railroads have found it
to their advantage to get their supplies
From these gentlemen realizing that they
get better goods at lower prices, this be-
ing only natural when one stops to think
that they have plants which turn out
nothing but railroad timber all year
round. The methods these gentlemen
have followed have always been those of
modernism and uprightness and explain in
great measure the high position they hold
here at the present time.

S We present interior view of the show
room of the Florida Trunk Manufactur-
ing Company, 12-14 East Baystreet. The
building has a frontage of 30 feet with
large plate glass display windows well
trimmed with as fine a line of fancy
leather and alligator goods as can be made
up; interior has 15 feet ceiling and 110
feet long, is filled with the largest, best
and most neatly arranged line of leather
goods, as well as everything in the way
of trunks and requisites for the traveler,
shown in the South. The motto of the
company is "Honest goods, conservative
methods and lowest prices." There is no
business house in the city that appreci-
ates business any more, which is shown

in Valdosta from which place he came
here, and has shown even in the short
time he has been with us that he thor-
oughly understands the wholesale liquor
business, and that he is sure to become
one of the best known men we have in
this line here before many years have
passed. He is at present located in a
large double store room at 922-24 West
.Bay street, where he handles one of the
finest stocks of liquors to be found any-
where in the city, and where he makes a
specialty of family, jug and mail order
work. Already he has been compelled to
employ no less than four men to handle
the orders he has built up for himself, and
by doing his own bottling he is enabled to
compete in price with any firm in Jack-
sonville. Mr. Lippman still owns large
liquor interests in Valdosta, where he
has lived many years, and where e he ac-
quired the ability to cater to the high
class and critical patronage he has already
built up for himself. He has sterling
business principles, high quality goods, fa-
cilities for prompt shipment and the low-
est prices to be found for high quality
goods in the South. Like all men of his
profeAion, he has always done much for
his community. Mr. Lipman has had a
great deal to do with placing the liquor
business on a reputable footing in this
portion of the South.

In this epitome of the progress'and de-
velopment of this city we wish to men-
tion those firms which are particularly in-
terested in the immigration question, hav-
ing found that it is almost impossible for
their business to get along without more

Interior View Florida Trunk Factory.
by their courteous dealings. Their goods and better high grade labor than they
are guaranteed to be exactly as repre- have had in the past. Among these the
seated or money refunded This company Southern Fuel and Supply Company takes
was established four years ago at 329 a prominent position, both from its finan-
West Bay street, but on account of growth cial and moral strength and the position
of same, was forced to seek larger quar- which it has always held among the lead-
ters, which were secured at 12-14 East ing establishments of the city. This firm
Bay street. deals exclusively in building materials,
They do all kinds of repairing in their fuel, paving stone, coal, wood, roofing,
line, besides manufacturing the best fiber lime, cement, plaster, hair brick, paint and
sample trunk for the traveling man that other building materials. They are with-
is in use. The greatest difficulty is in se- out any doubt or room for an argument
curing skilled labor in order to keep up the largest of their class in this city, and
with the business, have earned their reputation by the ster-
The whole aim and effort of the concern ling business dealings they have had with
is to be a credit and to keep up with the our people, and the high class manner in
growth of Jacksonville, and its efforts which they have met all demands made
have been repaid, as can be seen by its on their time and stock. Their house is
rapid increase of business in the last located on the water front, where they
four years. It has a large wholesale and have a large warehouse and side trackage,
mail order business as well as the con- and where deep water vessels can load
fdence of the best cultured element of without any trouble or danger. The firm
Jacksonville. The fact that it is an ex- is capitalized at fifty thousand ($50.0Wt
elusive line and the concern has made it dollars, and does a business of over three
a particular study for years to give the hundred thousand dollars annually. They
trade the best article for the least money, emphly sixty-tive men in handling their
appeals to the general public to rely on work and pay them on an average of $20,-
their advice as shown by the increase of 000 per year. The officers of the company
trade, arc Messrs. .1. K. Muinnerlyn, president,
and J. M. Whitner, secretary. These men
LOUIS LIPPMAN, LIQUORS. have been engaged in their line of work
While the above mentioned gentleman for the past many years, and have always
is comparatively new to the business cir- shown themselves men of great business
els of this city, he has a fine reputation ability and capable of handling the enor-

mous business which they have built up
for themselves.

Perhaps to the average person the part
the contracting engineers and general con-
tractors play in 'he upbuilding of a city
is not at first apparent, but we think that
a little thought on their part will show
at once that more than any other body of
men are they responsible for the natural
and acquired advantages which a city may
possess. The firm of Phillips and Turn-
bull was formed early in 1905 in Jackson-

Mr. Phillips was also in responsible
charge of the construction of a masonry
dam for the Albany and Hudson Railway
and Power Co. at Stuyvesant Falls, N. Y.,
and also in responsible charge of con-
struction of a division of electric railway
for the Utica and Mohawk Valley Ry., a
company whose system is one of the larg-
est of its kind, extending as it does almost
entirely across the State of New York.
This railway is double-tracked, of heavy
construction, and is used for high-speed
inter-urban traffic. Forming an exceed-
ingly important part of the division in

ea Wall Riverside, Jacksnvile, Pilps & Trbull, Egiaeers
Sea Wall, Riverside, Jacksnville, Phillipsl & Turuhall, Engiaera

ville, Florida, and since that time has been
principally engaged in the development of
the river front in that section of the city
known as Riverside. They have just com-
pleted a concrete (coquina) seawall, 4,500
feet in length and the work of filling in
back of this wall, which serves as a bulk-
head, is now under way. It might be
added that this work of filling in is being
accomplished by a large hydraulic dredge,
which pumps the sand from the river bed-
This construction means the opening up of
a large stretch of beautiful property along
the St. Johns River, which, in spite of its
magnificent location, has not heretofore
been available or desirable for building
purposes on account of its low and marshy
nature. It is believed that the completion
of the improvement, now practically as-
sured for the near future, will result in
advantage not only to the various owners
interested, but also to a large section of
adjoining property, and to the city as a
Mr. Frederick Phillips was graduated
from Cornell University as a civil
engineer, and has been actively engaged
in the practice of his profession for the
past ten or eleven years. His earliest ex-
perience was in the construction of sewer-
age and waterworks systems in New York
State. Later he served on the Wachusett
Aqueduct (The Tunnel Section) which is
an important part of the Water Supply
System for Boston and the metropolitan
district of Massachusetts.

question (its purpose being to carry the
electric railway over a large stream and
also the four tracks of the N. Y. Central
R. R.) is a -e-inforced concrete viaduct,
1,210 feet in length, costing upwards of
$200.000. which structure at the time of
its building was one of the first in this
country of its type and size. Mr. Phillips
had direct charge of this viaduct as en-
gineer, and Mr. Turnbull, now his partner,
was chief inspector Mr. Phillips was
also resident engineer in charge of the
construction of the Bridge street viaduct,
at Jacksonville, Fla., a reinforced concrete
arch bridge of great importance. Mr.
Turnbull was assistant engineer on this
structure. Mr. Phillips is an associate
member of the American Society of Civil
Mr. Byron Turnbull is a grad-
uate of Hamilton College, Clinton, N.
Y.. with a scientific degree in the class of
1898. He was first employed on leaving
college in the engineering department of
the State of New York, and located in
the middle division at Syracuse, 1898-1899.
He was then appointed inspector of con-
crete during the construction of the Elec-
tric Power Plant of Masonry at Trenton
Falls, N. Y., 1899-1901, this being one of
the largest plants in the country furnish-
ing power over all the middle portion of
the great State of New York. Mr. Turn-
bull was next seen as assistant engineer
on the Utica-Frankfort Division of the
Utica and Mohawk Valley, Ry., one of the

Reinforced Concrete Viaduct, Herkimer, N. Y, Phillips & Turabull, Engineers.

-. --- ~.uz~ki


Important railways of the North, from
1901-1M90. Then his Nqperience led him
to accept the position of chief impetor
of concrete bridges on the Herkimr-I-
tie Falls Divrio* of the Utica-Mohawk
Railway from 190-08. Mr. Turbull next
turned his attention to the State of
Florida and was assistant engineer on the
Bridge street viadnet at Jackso nrile, Fl.,
from 190-06.
The above will give some adequate
idea of the vast and varied ex-
perience on the parts of the men who
make up this firm and will explain in
great measure why it is they are called
as experts in law courts, and generally
looked on as being our leading engineers.
The firm will also handle the contracting
of any jobs if desired. Their office is lo-
cated in the Dval Building, room 417,
where they are always found pleased and
ready to figure with their patrons on all
construction involving the use of concrete
of any character, plain or re-inforced.
They are prepared to furnish designs,
plans sad estimates together with figures
for doing the work, either in accordance
with the plans of their patrons or from
plans they may furnish themselves.
Messrs. Phillips & Turnbull, as mentioned
before, are especially interested in con-
crete construction such as seawalls, ware-
houses and buildings of all kinds, bridges,
etc, ete.

Attention is called to the display ad-
vertisement elsewhere in this special is-
sue of the Industrial Record, to the firm
of Brobston & Company.
It is with great pleasure that the In-
dustrial Record refers to this firm, as Mr.
Edwin Brobston, the senior member, has
been one of the most active supporters in
the entire state of the immigration move-
ment in Florida. He has spent a great
deal of his time, energy and money in the
general development of the state of Flor-
ida as a whole, and in attracting desirable
homeseekers from other states to investi-
gate Florida opportunities. He has been
actively at the head of the Southern immi-
gration movement, and, all, in all, has
been one of the most valuable men in the
upbuilding of Florida that there is among
the thousands of prominent and pregres-
sive men who have made Florida their
adopted home.
Brobston & Company are among the
largest handlers of real estate in Florida.
They make a specialty of timber lands,
but handle real estate in all of its
branches, being especially interested in
some of the high-class suburbs in Jackson-
ville and other promising Florida cities.
For years the firm of Brobston, Fendig
SCompany has been well known in real
estate operations in the South. The
home office of the company was at Bruns-
wick, Ga, until a few years ago, since
when an office was also established in
Jacksonville, Fla, and a short time ago
when the old partnership was dissolved,
Albert Fendig & Co., retained the Bruns-
wick office and Brobston & Company sue-
ceeded to the Jacksonville end of the bus-

Associated with Mr. Edwin Brobston
is Mr. Walter Brobston, a competent
young lawyer and business man, and a
number of efficient and capable clerks.
Mr. Brobston is largely interested in a
great many strong financial institutions of
the city, being president of the Jackson-
ville Development Company and an offi-
cer or director in various other real es-
tate and financial corporations in the

Dealing in liquors, cigars, etc., is one of
the most diffuelt parts of our general
business life, as a man to make a success
in this line of work must have more
than a mere business ability, sterling
principles and a high class stock. He
must be the kind of a gentleman who is
known as a good fellow, and yet he must
have the entire confidence of all with
whom he has dealings. All these factors
and more have been the means of making
the business life of Mr. Geo. Davies, the
proprietor of the above house, one of con-
tinued success, and the citizens of this
community may well feel gratified at
having so high els a place here. The in-
terior decorations of his house are ex-

ceedingly fie, tiled oor, plate glass mir-
rors, hard wood bar and fittings, and a
general furishing that makes for the
comfort of his various patron. The walls
are all band painted, and very elegant.
The stock is large and comprehensive and
includes everything known to the modern
thirst quencher. Wines, ale, beers of all
kinds, bottled and draught, foreign and
domestic whiskies and cordials, bitters,
soft drinks, cigars and tobacces can be
had here and no pains are spared to afford
all who call the utmost attention and
courtesy. Mr. Davies has spent eight
years in this line of work in this city, and
has now two bar tenders working for
him. He has one of the few exchisively
white bars in this city, and demands the
most orderly conduct from all his cus-

granted five patents on dry kilns by the
United States patent office, each patent
being an improvement over the previous
L. Moore Dry Kiln Company builds
about 90 per cent of the dry kilns manu-
factured in the state of Georgia and Flor-
ida and also do a large business in other
states. Moore's kilns are very popular
with the saw mill men, and the immense
popularity of this kiln is due mostly to
the advertisement that the mill men have
given it themselves. This company has
seven superintendents who take charge
.of the work and relieves the saw mill
man of all responsibility in connection
with the construction of the kiln.
The following are some of the recent
sales made by the Moore Company:
Georgia-Carolina Lumber Co., Savan-

Moore Dry Kiln Co.

A patent recently issued to L. Moore
Dry Kiln Company, of this city, is of
vast importance, and will be read with
interest by all saw mill men. It was
-.sued by the United States commissioner
of patents on March the 6th, and relates
to improvement in dry kilns, and more
especially to the foundation or trestle
work of the kiln.
T he inside of a dry kiln is subjected
to irom 200 to 220 degrees of heat and it
stands to reason that wood trestle work
cannot stand the intense heat very long,
and in about three years it scorches and
burns out and repairs have to be made
which is quite expensive. The cuts as
shown here gives a side view of the new
patent showing the posting and lines of
pipe, and the other cuts show end view
ot kiln with iron trestle work and pipe
installed. The later cuts shows two kilns
rooms of brick under construction for
West, Coffee & Company at Inverness,
I.orida. The brick walls as shown in this
cut are only about 4 feet high, and it will
be seen a glance that there is no
wood work about the kilns. The trestle
work is braced and put up in such a sub-
stantial manner that it is impossible for
i. to fall or become shaky.
Two inch pipe is used for posting and
the posts are 4 feet apart. The trestle
work is braced by 3-4 inch iron rods
which go through the wall and are fas-
tened securely on the outside. The cast-
ings are all manufactured by L Moore
Dry Kiln Company in Jacksonville, and
the great advantage of this patent is
tnat the iron trestle work can be put in
almost as cheap as wood, and where the
kiln building is constructed of brick or
artificial stone the kiln will last indefi-
nitely without repairs having to be made.
L. Moore Dry Kiln Company is composed
of L. Moore, popular and widely known
as "Dry Kiln" Moore, and C. J. Williams,
Jr. Mr. Moore has been in the dry kiln
business for thirty years and has been

nan, Ga., one room 35x100 feet.
Bailey Manufacturing Co., Waycross,
Ga.. two rooms 20x100 feet.
J. L. Phillips & Co., Thomasville, Ga.,
two rooms 20x80 feet.
H. H. Tift, Tifton, Ga., four rooms
20 x 60 feet.
Massee & Felton Lumber Co., Bannock-
burn, Ga.. two rooms 20x80 feet.
J. L. Greer, Greer, Fla., two rooms
20x100 feet.
Sumter Lumber Co., Edenfield, Fla.,
two rooms 20x100 feet.
Dickson & Henderson Lumber Co.,
Oeilla, Ga.. two rooms 20x100 feet.
J. J. McCaskill Co., Freeport, Fla., two
rooms 21x80 feet.
Smith. Garbutt & Co., Lyons, Ga., two
rooms 20x70 feet.
John H. Sizer, Lumber Co., Cebu, S. C.,
one room 20x100 feet.
Willingham Tift Lumber Co., Atlanta,
Ga., one room 20x60 feet.
Central Manufacturing Co., Macon, Ga.,
one room 20x60 feet.
Stetson Lumber Co., Arlington, Ga.,
three rooms 20x85 feet.
Greenville Yellow Pine Co., Greenville,
Fla., three rooms 20x80 feet.
R. J & B. F. Camp Lumber Co., Car-
ralhelle, Fla., one room 20x100 feet.
Jessie Thompson, Swainsboro, Ga., one
room 20x80 feet.
George M. Brinson, Springfield, Ga., one
room 12x85 feet.
West-Coffee & Co., Inverness, Fla.,
three rooms 20x80 feet.

The beauty of this city in an architect-
ural way has always been remarked on by
the chance visitor to this community and
this portion of the country, and we can
thank the character of the work which
our contractors have been doing here for
this result. Mr. L. M. Boykin is without
any doubt the best we have in this city,
and the class of work which he does is
well shown in the building of the Dixie-

land Park, which was aone humdred thou-
sand dollar contreat, Herbert Building
Bettes' store, oveington Company's, Tal-
iaferro's residence, and others too numer-
out to mention in this review of our city.
Mr. Boykin has had many years experi-
ence in the line in which he is engaged
in addition to having had one of ti best
theoretical training, and the practical
and theoretical combined in his work is
what has made him such a sumeas. His
office is to be found in Room 321 Duval
Building, where he is always ready to fur-
nish estimates on all elasaes of building
from the smallest cottage up to the tall-
est sky-scraper. Mr. Boykin has been
with us for six years, and naturally takes
a great interest in the city as a whole,
and the contracting and architectural
work as a specialty. Mr. Boykin is tress-
urer of the Dixieland Amusement Com-

This firm has occupied a very prominent
position in the business annals of this city
in the short time they have been located
here and have shown that they fill a long
felt want in this community. Their
plant is located at 201-203 Eighth street,
and is one of the most modern and up-
to-date to be found in this portion of the
country. Twenty-five men are employed
at the present time, and more will be tak-
en on as soon as the growth of business
warrants same. From the start they have
made we do not think it will be very
long until from fifty to one hundred men
will be employed here. They manufacture
all manner of ornamental iron work, such
as fences, gates, railings, grills, store and
bak fixtures, fire escapes, elevator ages,

window guards, joist hangers etc., ete.
They also manufacture a lawn seat, coa-
structed out of spring steel and oak slats,
'that is conceded to be the most durable
and artistic out-door settee in the mar-
ket. The officers of the company are
Messrs D. L. Rathboe, president; J. C.
Halsema, vice president, and J. S. Zeller,
secretary and treasurer. Mr. D. L ath-
bone is one of the leading plumbing and
heating contractors in the South, while Mr.
Halsema is a prominent saw mill ma and
building contractor. These men are both
numbered among our most able business
men and have been located in this city for
many years. The plant they have built is
installed with special machinery and built
in such a way that it will be a simple
matter to add to it from time to time as
the business demands more room. The
quality of their work is shown even thus
early in their business career and no
but the moot experienced men are to be
found employed in the establishment.

The furniture which is used in the larg-
est houses of this city is very high class
and it is a pleasure to be able to mention
in these pages the names of the men and
house which have contributed so much to
the fine furniture to be found in the of-
fices and residences of this community.
The above company has been located in
this city for the past seven years, and is
now at 312-314 Main street, where they
have one of the largest and finest stocks
of furniture to be found anywhere in the
city, and where goods may be bought for
cash or on their famous one dollar per
week installments. The quality of their
goods is easily seen from one look at the
mammoth stock they always have on
hand an4 from the fact that the very best
and most critical people in this city have

Moore Dry Kiln Co.


fall into the babit of doing all their
trading with this firm. They have goods
in their house to furnish from cellar to
garret the finest and largest of mansions
or the smallest and neatest of cottages,
and their prices will be found right on all
oceasions. As for the sterling business
principles that have actuated them in all
their dealings with their patrons, we need
say nothing, as they are better known to
their patrons than to us, and do not re-
quire any bolstering at our hands. Two
floors are occupied by their immense stock
and it requires the services of six expert
salesmen and clerks in this business to
handle the large and steadily growing pat-
romage they have built up for themselves.
Two delivery wagons are kept constantly
on the move by this firm, and all orders
are attended to in a prompt manner,
which has won for them the entire esteem
and confidence of their large body of pa-

The lumber and turpentine interests of
* this State were the ones that first opened
our eyes and the eyes of the remainder of
the world to the possibilities there were
in this State for advancement in many
lines, so we have them to thank for the
position that Jacksonville occupies to-day.
the gateway of a State as great as any
in the Union, and one which bids fair to
outstrip all before many years have pass-
ed over her head. Among the large and
well equipped lumber mills and companies
in this State it is a pleasure to mention

the mame of the Duval Planing Mill Com-
pany. This local firm has been here for
the last four years, and makes a specialty
of such work as doors, sash, blinds, ven-
eering and cabinet trimming, bank, store
and office fixtures, mouldings, turning,
sroll, sawing, stair building, window
frames, flooring, ceiling, siding, etc. These
are all products that require very high
class equipment to produce in the quan-
tities in which they are produced in this
plant, and one glance at the large and
modern structure they are occupying, one
glance at their machinery, their appli-
ances and their late model 00-horse power
engine, will convince the most critical that
here is firm that will rank with any of
similar character in the country. The of-
fce and mill is located at Seventh street
and Railroad avenue, and here the offers
wil be found. Mr. G. C. Bucky, the old
adi reliable mill man with twenty years
actual and practical experience behind his
back is to be found installed as manager,
and a great deal of credit for the position
this firm occupies at the present time is
to be laid at his door. The plant he has
charge of covers four hundred by six hun-
dred feet, and the yards are said to be
the largest in the city. The company is
incorporated at $25,000, and makes a
specialty of handling large contracts.

Perhaps no phase in the development of
this country has been more in prominence
in the past few years than the part which
the lrge timber land owners have taken

here. Among the leading firms in this
line of work we wish to mention the
Southern States Land and Timber Com-
pany, which has been located here for the
past three years and a half. This com-
pany owns in fee simple over one and a
half million acres of the finest timber,
grazing and agricultural lands to be found
in the State of Florida. The head office
of this firm is to be found in New Orleans,
La., where the Board of Directors and the
stockholders reside, and Lhe officers of this
parent company are as follows: Pearl
Wright, president; T. IH. McCarthy, vice
president, and Maurice Stern, treasurer.
Mr. Geo. F. Bensel is the local representa-
tive, and much credit is due him for the
magnificent work he has been doing since
his establishment here. This firm has per-
haps done more to open up and advertise
the alluvial lands of this State than any
other similar concern, and for such de-
serve a great deal of credit for the ad-
vancement which has been so noticeable in
Florida in the past few years. They have
always shown themselves prominent in all
movements which tend to the future good
of our city and State, and very much in-
clined to support the same.

The appearance of clothing is much im-
proved by pressing and proper care, as
every one knows to his sorrow who has
overlooked this important item when fig-
uring on his clothing for the coming year,
and it is just as well to take your cloth-
ing to a place which has made a specialty

of this line of work for many years. The
Eureka Pressing Club lives up to its name
in every way, and among its patrons are
to be found the most critical and well
dressed people of our city. They are lo-
cated at 210-212 West Monroe street,
where they have quarters fitted up with
all the latest and most modern accessories
in the cleaning, repairing and dyeing lines.
Out of town orders are prepaid express
one way, this making it an even break
with the patron and the proprietor of the
house. The owner of this establishment
is Chas. W. Hawkins, a man who has
spent the greater portion of his life in
this line of work, and who has in addition
any number of experts working for him.
Steam and dry cleaning, fancy dyeing,
men's and ladies clothing, skirts, feathers,
plumes and gloves all receive their most
expert care and attention.

All the industrial and commercial in-
terests of a city may well be looked on
as her crowning features, but if the ho-
tels are not developed as they should -e
her visitors will get but a poor idea of
the commercial or industrial value of the
city as a place for future residence, as it
depends a great deal on the secommoda-
tions which are afforded a person how
the city is colored to their eyes. The
New Westmoreland Hotel has been locat-
ed in this city at the corner of Bay an-d
Cedar streets for the past seven years,
and has recently been refinished and re-
furnished in the latest and most approved
style. The interior fittings are as fine as

are to be found in any city In the coun-
ry. There are forty well furnished and
airy rooms, all outside rooms, and the
care which is taken of them is such as to
have them always in a fit condition. All
the latest and most modern equipment
and appliances will be found here, such as
steam heat, electric light, gas, parlors and
writing rooms, large tastefully arranged
dining room, etc., etc. The proprietress
of this house is Mrs. A. J. Walker, one
of our most able caterers to the public
requirements and a lady who has spent a
large portion of her life in this line of

The elegant hotel accommodations
which are afforded our people have had
much to do with the great increase of
business which has been going on here in
the past few years. Mr. H. W. Hancock,
in his New Travelers Hotel, has had a
great part in this development. The New
Travelers Hotel is what the name would
indicate. Although the oldest in the city
in point of actual years, the house has
been entirely refurnished and refinished
and now stands as the finest hotel of its
class in the city. Rates may be made
either by American and European plans,
and by the day, week or month, as the
case may be. The rates are extremely
reasonable, being $2 per day American,
and up. The house being located at No.
407 West Bay, is handy for the depot and
for inmicong and outgoing trains, and the
cars pass the door every five minutes for
ah portions of the city. There are about
fifty rooms in this house, all of the latest
and most modern character and great
pains are taken to see that the accommo-
dations which are afforded their. patrons
are of the most modern and high class
character. Mr. Hancock has been with us
in the capacity of owner and manager for
the past four years, and now has four-
teen clerks and servants working for him.
The meals which this gentleman has been
serving his patrons have been cf fine
quality and have had much to do with
nue present popularity of the house.

In some forms of business it takes cap-
ital to get a start. Some take experi-
ence and some take the American get up
and hustle, and we think that all will
agree with us when we appoint the agen-
cies to this latter position as it certainly
takes a great deal of hard work and try-
ing to get a successful agency started.
The H. E. Ploof Machinery Company has
long since passed the experimental stages
and is no longer known as an agency, but
when the present proprietors first start-
ed their house they had the agency for
several well known commodities which
they pushed with such success that they
added from time to time until now they
are State agents for such well known
firms as Gutta Percha & Rubber Manu-
facturing Company, N. Y. Leather Belting
Company, Ames Iron Works, Buffalo
Steam Pump Company, Geddings & Lew-
is Manufacturing Company, American
Saw Mill Company, Champion Tool and
Handle Company, American Tool Works,

The Carborandum Company, D. T. Wil-
liams Valve Company, Chicago Raw Hide
Company and many others too numerous
to mention in this article. This firm is lo-
cated at 24 Ocean street, where they hwre
a large stock of goods and a fine location
for a work of this character, having one
of the best warehouses and salesrooms.
combined to be found anywhere in the
wholesale and business district of Jack-
sonville. The members of the company
are H. E. Ploof, president and treasurer,
and H. J. Sutton, vice president and see-
retary, and it i to these two men that
the entire success of the house is due.
They employ a large number of people to
work for them, and their goods are known
all over the country, which they cover
with advertising matter and with travel-
ing men.

One of the most important features of
the retail houses of any city is the gro-
cery business, as it is the great food pro-
vider of modern times, and is something
without which we would be absolutely
lost. The firm which we have made the
subject of this sketch is one of the most
important in this branch of work here,
and one which has been prominent in the
affairs of the city for the past thirty
years This firm has two stores, one at
Sixth and Main and one at 102 Main,
this latter being the main store. They
handle the largest and best stock of sta-
ple and fancy groceries, canned goods,
teas, coffees, spaces, and extracts to be
found anywhere in the city, as wen as
farm and dairy products, tab deliccies,
delicatessen goods, etc, et. The offers
of the company are Mesers. E L. Voider-
mark and G. H Richards, the former be-
ing secretary, treasurer and manager of
Sthe firm. Bth the gentlemen are liv
and progressive business men and have
built up a business which reqrees the
work of twenty-five employes to handle
and four wagons for their delivery.

The varied busin in dustries which
go to make up the sum total of the work
done her are all representative of their
class, and one of the most representative
is the sheet metal working establishment
operated by the above mentioned gentle-
man at 413 Main street, where he ba
been for the past six years and where
he can always be found ready to figure on
the cost of any job in tinning, tiling, slate
roofing, and repairing of all kinds. The
quality of the work which he has been do-
ing here has been shown by the many
patrons whom he has centered on his
house. Mr. Cramer has had many years
experience in the work which he is now
engaged in. and this has been' the means
of giving him the ability to eater to the
high class patronage which he has been
enjoying in this community. Mr. Cramer
has a fine equipment and modern plant
admirably adapted to the manufacture of
wrought iron railings, elevator cages, office
fixtures, bank cages, iron beaches and
hundreds of other commodities of the same
character. In addition to being active in
the work himself this gentleman has a

Duva Plain MXs


number of experienced mechanics work-
ing for him and his force can be increased
at a moment's notice. Mr. Cramer is
always looking for skilled workmen and
such will receive good positions.

The carpenters and cabinet makers of
this city are in a class by themselves as
is shown by the work they ha-e been do-
ing here. One of the oldest firms in this
city is composed of Messrs. I. H. Harmon
and J. W. Crow, both men of thirty years
experience in their lines of work. Mr.
Harmon has been with us for twenty-
seven years, and Mr. Crow has been here
for the past six years. The firm has been
located here for three years. They are
carpenters and cabinet makers, making
sash to order, furniture repairing, and
general jobbing being their specialties.
bign boards, screen doors, office and store
fixtures are all handled by this firm and
satisfaction is guaranteed. They are lo-
cated in large and commodious quarters
for a work of this nature at 29 East
Adams street. From four to six men are
employed by this firm during the busy
season, and some of the largest carpen-

good hands, and the business generally of
the Realty, Title & Trust Company is a
high-class, satisfactory one in every
sense of the word, and they have every
facility to handle all matters coming to
their attention in a prompt and accurate
manner. Attention might be called, in
this connection, also to the fact that this
company is acting as trustee for land
owners, the financial backing of the com-
pany and the men behind it assuring un-
usually good service in this particular.
The Realty, Title & Trust Company owns
one of the most magnificent office build-
ings in the city of Jacksonville, located
on the northwest corner of Newnan and
Forsyth street. The offices of the com-
pany on the ground floor, are most ele-
gantly and conveniently fitted up, and in
the building are several of the largest
financial institutions in the city, outside
of the regular hanks. It is particularly
a building for home insurance companies,
real estate offices, etc.
The president of this company, Mr. J.
E. .Johnson, is one of the most active
Business men in .Jacksonville, popular
among all classes, and very deservedly so.

tering jobs in the city have been entrust- HOTEL GRAND VIEW.
ed to their able hands. We can do no A visitor to this city said only the other
more than state the character of their day that he was surprised at the way in
work and advise that our readers when which the hotels stayed full.clear through
in need of anything in their line give the warm months, and that he had al-
them a call as they will find them able ways thought of this city as being deso-
men and courteous gentlemen in every lated through the summer months. That
sense of the word. such is not the case can be found out by
a look at the streets any time during
REALTY, TITLE AND TRUST CO. the summer, and by the hotel registers,
One of the largest financial institutions which also show a goodly crowd all the
in Jacksonville is the Realty, Title & year round, and one of these is the Hotel
Trust Company, of which James E. John- (Grand View, which has come to be known
son is .president, Judge W. B. Owen, vice- as being one of the most popular in this
president, Carroll D. Judson. secretary and city. The house has been newly furnished
title officer, Charles A. Clark. treasurer, throughout and has all the latest equip-
and Robert Baker, Charles A. Clark, Ar- ment to be found in a house of this c.lir-
thur J. Lederer, and the executive officers. acter. It has electric lights, steam heat.
directors. Among the stockholders of this private baths and the best of furniture.
company are a large number of the most Thirty experienced employees are always
prominent business and professional men to be found in this house hard at work
in the state of Florida. The officers, di- making it one of the most pleasant spots
rectors and stockholders make a backing for a private individual or family to be
for this Company equal to that of any found in the community. Mr. H. R.
financial institution in the state. Gaines, manager since the present owners
The Realty, Title & Trust Company took charge, is one of Jacksonville's old-
owns one of the best abstracting plants, est and best known hotel men, having
perhaps, in the Southern States, and its formerly managed the Duval and Aragon
abstract department is not only operated hotels. The house averages seventy-five
through a competent plant, but by a staff guests per day and is sometimes crowded
of most competent officials and office to its limit, which is a sure sign of its
men. Mr. Judson, the title officer, has popularity, when the number of similar
has charge of this department, and in addi- houses in this city is taken into consid-
tion to being a lawyer of ability, his long eration. The structure is a three-story
experience as an abstractor makes his modern structure with sixty-eight well-
especially qualified for the position. furnished, light and airy rooms. Parlors
Their trust department is in equally and writing rooms are also located in the

Realty Title & Trust Co. Building.

hotel for the further convenience of their

This firm is the first one to combine
successfully the handling of high grade
bicycles and furniture, and in their large
and well equipped house at 506-508 Main
street may be found the best accommoda-
tions in each line which this city can
afford. Mr. Ramis has been located here
for the past five years and his store is so
well known that it seems almost unneces-
sary to more than mention it here.
Twelve years ago he took up the sale of
bicycles, has been five years in his pres-
ent location and two years ago started
handling furniture. One side of the enor-
mous store room is devoted to Columbia,
Yale. Dayton, Triumph, Tribune, Ram-
bler, and other well known makes of bi-
cycles and to the large and modern re-
Iair shop which this gentleman has in-
stalled here with three men working in it
all the year round handling the repairs
of this city. The remainder of the store
has six clerks to handle the furniture
which takes up about two-thirds of the-
ground floor. A capital stock of $8,00.
is invested in the business and Mr. Jas.
S. Ramis is the sole owner and active
manager. Much .credit for the develop-
ment of the wheel here is due to this gen-
tleman and his accommodations in the
furniture lines have been the best the
city has afforded.


Jacksonville Manager of the Whitehead &
& Hoag Co., of Newark, N. J.

IMr. Itrllhans has for the past five and
one-half ears been a resident of our city.
shortly after his arrival here lie founded
the Florida labor Journal. which was the
official organ of organized labor in Jack-
sonville. lie sold out his interest in the
labor Journal to Mr. R. L. Harper, who
in turn s oll his interest to F. W. Dennis
& Son. Mr. Claude L'Engle purchased
the entire plant of F. W. Dennis & Son

ianil iImeliedI the Labor Journal with the
"Stun"i which was published here. While
editor of the Labor Journal Mr. Burhans
received the nomination for the State
Senate against Mr. Telfair Stockton,
which he refused to accept. The following
three years Mr. Burhans was connected
with the Metropolis.
In November, 1905. Mr. Burhans went
into the general advertising business. With
nearly 14 years experience in the adver-
tising world, he was but a short time in
securing some of the best accounts in the
-ity and his business is showing a steady
growth .
For the past four years Mr. Burhans has
',een trying to secure a line of real adver-
t ising novelties and last April when Mr. J.
It. Short, the general sales manager of
Whitehead & Hoag Co., of Newark, N. J.,
visited Jacksonville, Mr. Burhans was ap-
pointed manager of the Jacksonville
The Whitehead & Hoag line of celluloid
and metal advertising novelties, badges,
buttons, signs, calendars, gold and enamel

work leather goods, etc., a the best in
the United States. Their novelties are not
merely a class of souvenirs to be given a
presents, but a line of advertising novel-
ties that are business builders sad each
novelty has a strong working pla behind
it; and they possess the three essential.
features every judicious advertiser always
considers being unique, original aad difer-
ent. Mr. Randolph Roee attributes wuch
of his success to the intelligent use of the
Whitehead & Hoag advertising novelties.
The Whitehead & Hoag Co., have branch
offices in all the leading cities of the
United States, also in Melbourne, Austra-
lia; Yakohoma, Japan; and London, Eng-
land. During Mr. Short's visit to Jack-
sonville he was deeply impressed with the
enterprise of the business public and the
wonderful future of Jacksonville. -
Mr. Burhans is to be congratulated upon
his success in securing the Whitehead &
Hoag line and a flattering business will
doubtless accrue.
A year ago Mr. Burhans organized a
stock company, the Mus-Quit-U Mfg. Co.,
who have their factory and plant on East
Bay street. The value of the Mus-Quit-U
Bricks has already been realized and they
are used in nearly every household to de-
stroy mosquitoes.
Mr. Burhans is one of the most popular,
progressive and promising young men in
the city." He is thoroughly liked by all
who know him, and has the full confidence
of the business men of the city. Mr. Bur-
hans has a bright future before him.

The diversified interests of this city are
the one feature which bids fair to make
this city great in many ways before many
more years have passed over its head.
Jacksonville is not dependent on any one
line for her wealth and future prosperity.
She has all kinds of business houses amn
many of these are developed to a degree
of excellence and size which is seldom to
be found in a city of her size. Among
them we might mention the wholesale and
retail liquor lines. In this branch there
-is one name which at once comes to mind
and that is Mr. E. A. Ricker, who has
been in this work here for twenty-one
years and who has always shown himself
one of our most able and public spirited
gentlemen. Mr. Ricker is located in a
large two-story brick structure at the
corner of Bay and Bridge streets, where
he has always on hand a full and complete
line of the finest liquors to be found in
the home or foreign markets. Five men
are employed in this frm and the same
care and attention is given to orders by
mail and over the phone as to those which
come to the store in person. Mr. Ricker
is a man who has always had much to do
with placing his line of work on a stable
and reputable basis here, and can be re-
lied on to do his best for movements
which tend in any way to add materially
to the future wealth and prosperity of
the community.

While the turpentine and timber lands
of this State cannot last forever,
there are some very fine locations still
open which may be used for turpentine,
then for timber land and finally as the
finest farm lands to be found anywhere
in the country. Mr. E. West has been
with us for some time now and has con-
trol of some two hundred thousand sews
of the best timber, turpentine and phos-
phate lands to be found anywhere in this
State as well as city and country prop-
erty, factory and mill sites, business lo-
cations, farm and grazing lands, etc., ete.
Mr. West is not only interested in this
State from a realty standpoint. He is
one of our widely interested business men
as well, operating "sawmills, turpen-
tine camps, planing mills, dry kilns and
manufactures flooring, ceiling, studding.
posts, croesties, etc., etc. It is but nat-
ural that a man of his long experience in
this line of work here should be in a fine
position to afford his patrons the very
best of accommodations in the investment
line, and it is but natural that people
should place implicit confidence in a gen-
tleman who has never been known to will-
fully misrepresent anything which be had
for sale or rent. He is a man of sterling
personal and business character in every
way, and this more than any other one



thing has been responsible for the devel-
opmeat which his business has had here
in the past few years.

Th remarkable growth of Jacksonville
as a city is due, in a large measure, to the
great naval stores industry. Coming
along down through the Carolinas into
Georgia, and thence into Florida, the path
of progress has been hewn by the turpen-
turpentine operator. What he has taken
from the forest he has put back into the
channels of general commerce and trade
ten fold, and the factory and the home,
the school house and the church, has blos-
somed in the sunshine of his operations.
Time was when the operator and the
factor were separate and distinct; even
distrustful of, though dependent, on each
other. That day has passed. The man-
ufacturer of naval stores is today his own
factor, and the distinctive factor, on the
other hand, is in nearly every instance a
manufacturer of naval stores, as well.
The interests are closely linked and one
is absolutely essential to the other. When
one speaks of the naval stores industry,
therefore, the scope is broad enough to
include every branch of the industry-the
producer and the factor.
The great factorage interests of this
industry are located almost entirely in
Jacksonville. Jacksonville, therefore, is
the financial center of the naval stores
trade. It is essentially so. On the pen-
insular of Florida is produced 49 per cent
of all the pure turpentine and rosin man-
ufactured in the world. No industry fig-
ures more in the commerce of the world.
Florida, therefore, becomes a world power
in this one great interest. Jacksonville is
the nucleus of that great power.
So much by the way of introduction,
and these observations lead us to speak
in particular of a distinctively Jackson-
ville factorage house, 'born, nursed and
matured here, a house that has grown
faster, perhaps, than any other in the
entire naval stores belt, a record in every
respect phenomenal, and yet not surpris-
ing when one considers the methods be-
hind the business, and the men behind
the methods. We refer to Barnes & Jes-
sup Company, naval stores factors, who
from a small beginning are today doing an

annual business of two millions of dollars
and up, and employes a paid up capital
of three hundred and fifty thousand
($350,000) dollars. Every member of the
Barnes-Jessup Company, is, we believe, a
practical producer. The corporation is
distinctively a factorage house, but the in-
dividuals who make the corporation are
among the most progressive turpentine
operators of Florida and Georgia. The offi-
cers of the Barnes & Jessup Company are
C. H. Barnes. resident, J. A. Ewing, vice-
president, and C. B. Wells, secretary and
treasurer. The names are symonyms for
honest dealing; progressive, and yet safe
and sane policy, liberality and public
The corporation is today one of the
largest turpentine and rosin factorage
houses in existence, enjoying the confi-
dence of its hundreds of customers, and
increasing its business at a most gratify-
ing rate. The men who are actively man-
aging the company's affairs are men of
wide experience in every branch of the
naval stores trade. Mr. Barnes. the pres-
ident of the company, followed the indus-
try from his old North Carolina home,
step by step, into Florida, and his exper-
iences cover every branch of the business.
He is a producer as well as a factor. He
knows every detail of the producing end,
the producer's needs and his opportuni-
ties; he knows also the dangers that con-
front him and the environment that sur-
rounds him. What is here said of Mr.
Barnes can equally well be said of his as-
sociates in business. It is a strong com-
Operators are good judges; the large and
growing business of the Barnes & Jessup
Company speaks more eloquently than
words the reason why this firm deserves
the great success which it is meeting
with. The firm has every facility, con-
nections at home and abroad and can al-
ways, by reason of these connections,
handle the products of its customers to
the very best advantage.
The president of this corporation, Mr.
Barnes is closely identified with a num-
her of Jacksonville enterprises and is
among the most progressive and aggres-
sive citizens of Florida. He is popular.
deservedly so. and his home, one of the
most beautiful in Jacksonville, is the

C. H. Banes.
center of a quiet, but cordial hospitality, cooked by experts and made of the best
Mr. J. A. Ewing, the vice-president of raw materials which the markets furnish.
this company, is a gentleman widely
known in the business and social circles GEORGIA SUPPLY COMPANY.
of this city. Mr. Ewing connected him- "Everything in Mill Supplies and lacbi-
f l ith th6. U.r-e-Jessu Coum anI

about eighteen months ago, having pre-
vious to that time operated in Georgia
and Mississipi for a great many years.
Mr. Ewing is also a member of the firm of
Pridger & Ewing, of Quitman, Ga., who
are very large operators, controlling large
interests throughout the State.

First class accommodations are to be
had for the resident and traveling publ.c
in this popular hostlery which is located
in the center of Jacksonville near all the
car lines, and which is open all the year
round. This house is one of the best fur-
nished hotels to be found anywhere in
the city and the courteous treatment
which is accorded to all who call there
has had much to do with the success
which this establishment has had among
critical people. It is operated on both the
American and European plan, so the pa-
tron may have his choice of either way.
Special weekly and monthly rates are
made to all who are intending making
quite a stay here, and the home-like
atmosphere of the house has had much to
do with the many people who make this
place their home while in the city. Rooms
with baths may also be had, and the
rooms being large, airy and cool have
proven very popular with people during
the summer months when the average
room is a furnace. Mr. C. B. Smith, the
proprietor, is one of the most experienced
hotel men in this city and the manner in
which he has been operating this house
during the six years lie has been with us
has stamped him as a man of great abil-
ity in this difficult work. The word mod-
ern is one which he has always used with
great freedom and the natural result is
that all the equipment and appliances of
the house will be found strictly up-to-date
in every sense of the word. The furnish-
ings are very fine and the meals are


Owing to the large development of our
timber, mining and manufacturing inter-
ests throughout the State, Jacksonville
has become one of the largest distributing
points in the South Atlantic States for
machinery, and mill supplies. No house
has achieved more prominence in the time
they have been located here than the
Georgia Supply company a branch of the
Savannah House and located at 26-32
West Bay street, whe:e they have one of
the largest stocks of everything in the
mill and machinery lines to be found any-
where in the South. Their store room and
warehouse are very large and capable of
handling, the size'of stock they always
have to have on hand to meet the im-
mense business patronage that is theirs.
The branch is under the direct manage-
ment of i-. W. M. Ross, who has been
engaged in the machinery and mill sup-
ply business for a number of years, where
he has gained that experience which has
enabled him to eater to the high class
patronage that has been his since his in-
ception here. The local branch has been
established here for about one year, and
has gained a decided control of most of
the mill and supply business of the State.
They are territorial agents for the follow-
ing well known firms: New York Belting
Company, Norton Emery Wheel Company,
Brownell Company. boilers and engines,
Dodge Manufacturing Company and the
Lunkenheimer Company. All these firms
are too well known to require more than
a mention at our hands and have shown
themselves manufacturers of the highest
grade equipment to be found in their lines
anywhere in the world. It is the policy of
the Georgia Supply Company to handle
nothing but the very best grade lines.
The local branch employs ave men in ad-
dition to the manager, and has shown it
is capable of handling any amount of
business that may be entrusted to it.

J. A. Ewing, Barne-Jessup Ca0


With their immense stock both here and
at Savannah, their well organized force
of employes and owing to their superior
facilities in the shipping and receiving
lines, they have come to be known as
"The Prompt" Shippers, among their pa-
trons. The officers of the company are ell
men well known in the business circles of
the South, being Messrs. J. H. Haslam,
president; Gen. V. Denny, vice president
and general manager, and Wm. 8. Blun,
secretary and treasurer.

A most important element in the
growth and prosperity of a city is its
public utilities, and in this respect Jack-
sonville as the coming metropolis of the
Southern Atlantic States is particularly
fortunate. The waterworks, electric ser-
vice and street railway systems of the
city have been described elsewhere in this
paper. Quite as vital, however, to the
communityy is its service of gas. Especial-
ly is this true of Jacksonville, where the
mildness of the climate requires but lit-
tle artificial heating and gas is used al-
most universally for cooking throughout
the year and for the small amount the
heating required on the few frosty days
of winter.
The gas company has over thirty-six
miles of street mains and is laying ten
miles additional this summer to reach the
rapidly growing suburbs of the city. It is
the policy of the company to reduce the
price of gas as its increased use warrants.
About forty regular employes are on
the payroll of the company exclusive of
the large number of laborers employed on
the main extensions.
The gentlemen who control the policy
of the company are far seeing business
men, firm believers in and deeply interest-
ed in the future prosperity of the city
and the state, and it is their ambition In
make the gas service of the city equal in
every respect to that of the older and
more settled communities of the North.

Mr. Charles Wichman, the proprietor of
the above house, is but another example
of the position which a man can assume
here when he has ability, enterprise and
business energy. Mr. Wichman first went
into this house as manager some five years
ago, and has been steadily buying stock
until at the present time he is the sole
proprietor having made his last payment
on the first day of .lune. and now having

Interior Falstaff Saloon.

entire charge and sole control of the im-
mense business, the fine retail store and
the ever popular cafe, which are to be
found under one roof at the corner of
Main and Forsyth streets, and which is
familiarly and popularly known to its
friends, and they are legion, as "The
Falstaff." a name which implies the good
fellowship and courtesy to be found inthis
establishment by all who call. Mr. Wich-
man is one of the most able and genial
liquor men to be found in this portion of
the country and his work while here has
had a most uplifting effect on the basic
and fundamental principles underlying the
retail liquor business of our city. We will
fi-st attempt to describe the magnificent
place he has here. As one enters the
doors the absolute neatness of the lobby
is what first attracts the eye, while all
the senses are thrilled by the elegance and
taste of the establishment. Tiled floors,
hard wood bars and show cases filled with
tempting edibles, all lend an air of exclu-
siveness to the house which has done much
to make it popular here. Electric fans,
tables of rosewood and mahogany, chairs
of comfortable appearance and booths
where meals may be had at all times add
much to the fine appearance of the place,
an appearance which is more than borne
out by the attentive and courteous ser-
vice to be encountered here. The line of
liquors, as one would expect in a house

of this magnitude and character is of the
finest quality, end the stock is so varied
that a person is safe in calling for the fa-
vorite drink of any nation. A specialty
is made of the porducts of the Anheuser-
Busch Brewing Association, Pabst Beer,
Milwaukee, and Lemp's, St. Louis, and
draught and bottled beers can always be
had here. Around the walls are seen
seven large paintings of Falstaff as he
was, character drawings, which are worth
a small fortune and took three months'
time at the hands of one of our eminent
painters. It is worth a visit to the house
to look on these master pieces. A list of
the brands of goods which can be had
here would take up more space than we
can allot them. Suffice it to say that
"everything" in the liquor lines is handled
here. Mr. Wichman is one of our best
known and most highly thought of busi-
ness men and is one who has proven his
right to be called the leading retail liquor
man of Jacksonville, and even the state
of Florida as the state can show nothing
finer than this bar.

One of the most able men in the realty
lines in this city is Mr. Wm. Knauer, the
subject of this sketch, who has been with
us for the past twenty-three years, com-
ing from Germany at that time. For
many years this gentleman was interested

Main Office, Jmph Zapf C.6

in this city in a mercantile way and ha
since come into the ownership of a great
many desirable properties in various por-
tions of the State. This set him to think-
ing of taking up the realty business ad
when he discovered the many changes
there were here for a good high-elass real
estate office he embarked in the business
and the strength and success of his work
here has shown how good his judgment
was in this regard. Mr. Knauer also
handles insurance in some of the largest
companies in the world and has exception-
al policies to offer his patrons in any
style of insurance. He also makes loa
on assured realty. A general line of lands
is handled by this gentleman including
turpentine, timber, grazing and farm lands,
city and suburban properties, factory and
mill sites and business locations. His po-
sition is assured by the sterling business
principles that have actuated him in his
dealings with the people of this State.
His success shows what can be aceomp-
lished here through modern and up-to-date
methods, and by handling his lands in an
open and upright manner. We are glad
to be able to point out to our readers of
other portions of the world the success
which this gentleman has had here in this

per Works.)
Jacksonville is gradually becoming one
of the greatest supply centers in the South
or for that matter in the entire country,
and especially is this true of those prod-
ucts which are home manufactured. A
specialty is made by the above firm in
goods which are peculiar to this country
such as turpentine stills, and in this
branch of the work they overcame compe-
tion in the entire country, as their goods
are manufactured on the ground by men
who have had a great deal of experience
in making these goods and who thoroughly
understand all the finer points in their
manufacture. The McMillan Brothers have
been here for many years and their works
are located at Savannah, Mobile, Fayette-
ville and Jacksonville, in all of which
places they have very fine accommoda-
tions for the work in hand and can pro-
duce anything in the general metal works
line. The local branch is to be found at
743 East Bay Street where these gentle-
men have a large and modern plant with
all the latest equipment for work of this
nature and where they are always to be
found ready to fill large orders promptly.
' e quality of their goods and their
work is too well known in this territory
to require more than a mention at our
hands. The members of the firm are
Messrs. Ronald, Thomas H., and Wm. A.
MeMillan, all of them experienced and able
men in this line of work. They have paid
special care and attention to the equip-
ment of their various plants with the re-
sult that they have what is considered to
be the most modern chain of houses in this
line of work to be found anywhere in the
country. They employ a small army of
skilled mechanics for their work and their
goods are shipped all over the country.

The elegant houses which these two
gentlemen have been operating here for
the past thirty-two years have filled all
the people of this city with a high sense
of the quality of goods which this firm
have handled. Special pains are taken
with the stock, which in both the house
at 339 West Bay street and the one at
13 Main street is modern and up-to-date
in every particular, everything known to
the jeweler's line being found here. The
stock' which these gentlemen handle is a
combination of the ancient and the modern
and everything in the jewelry line is to be
found here, in addition they are prepared
to make any special piece of jewelry to
order either on plans furnished by their
patron or those which they evolve them-
selves. The firm have been watch in-
spectors for the A. C. L. Ry. for many
years, which shows the high position
which they hold throughout the entire
community. Watches, jewelry of all kinds,
rings, brooches, pins, precious stones, both
set and unset, diamonds, etc., are all to
he found here as well as souvenirs, curiose,
specialties and notions in silverware, gold
ware, plated and solid, glassware, eat
glass, Bohemian glass and in fact every-


thing which is known in this line. See
their advertisement on another page.

For twenty years this gentleman has
been known as being the leading whole-
sale and retail wine and whiskey merchant
of this city and in that time has increased
his stock until he has now $30,000 dollars
invested in the business and is doing $150,-
000 per annum in actual trade. Mr. Seeba
operates a retail bar which is one of the
finest in the city, a large family and jug
business, mail order business and regular
wholesale trade, and in each department
of the work has been affording our people
the most up-to-date and high-class accom-
modations which can be found anywhere
in the State. A full line of liquors cf all
kinds are handled, including White Label,
and the State agency for Christian Moer-
lein Brewing Co.'s fine bottled beers. The
first floor is devoted to the retail bar, and
family trade, while the second floor han-
dles the bottling work and the wholesale
* mail order business. About eighteen men
are employed in all departments of the
work including a traveling man who
spends all his time on the road covering
the entire territory adjacent to this city.
Mr. Seeba's weekly payroll alone amounts
to $185.00, which gives an idea of the
high-class workers, which he employs.
The interior of his house is always kept
in the most scrupulously neat and clean
condition and this had much to do with
the high-class patronage which he has
drawn to himself in the time he has been
in business here.

In the wholesaling of groceries, this city
stands at the head of the entire State and
this is not to be wondered at when the
value of Jacksonville as a distributing
point for all manner of merchandise is
taken into consideration. The wholesale
grocers and commission merchants have
formed a very prominent portion of the
business interests of this city for some
time and no house is more true to this
remark than that of Thomas Nooney &
Sons, who have been located here for the
past thirty-one years, and who have al-
ways held most of the desirable patronage
not only of this city, but of the entire
Southern States. This firm is located with
its offices and warehouses on the side-
tracks of one of the largest railroads in
the South in addition to which they have
full facilities in the water shipping and
receiving lines and can handle shipments
which are made to and from their branch
houses with great speed and promptness.
It is a great credit to them that they have
been able to hold all their trade in the
wonderful manner in which they have held
it, for a trade held means that the pat-
rons have been well satisfied with the
treatment which they have received. The
members of the firm state that last year
they did over $300.000 business.

Jacksonville is destined to become one
of the greatest factors in the entire South
in both the commercial and industrial
lines. This is evinced by the character
and magnitude of the firms which have
been located here recently. One of the
most important of these and one which
shows the trend of the times is the South-
ern Automobile Manufacturing Company,
which has been located here since the 1st
of January and which is averaging three
machines a day. This firm does not mere-
ly assemble the machines, buying their
parts from the factories of larger cities,
but makes the entire machine from one
end to the other. They have admirable
facilities for a work of this nature and
their output includes every form of ma-
chine. They make delivery wagons. run-
abouts, trucks and four seaters. and the
quality of their goods is such that they
have stood tests on the road which would
put the average machine to shame. This
frm does not make as many machines in
a day as a good many firms we could
mention, but the machines they do make
are made with the care and attention
which is generally found only in the larger
factories. Their plant is located at 907-
908-911-913 East Bay street, where they
have all the latest and most modern ae-
cessories for a work of this nature and

where they are always to be found study-
ing some new features which will make
their machines better. One of their spec-
ialties is the straight wheel by which they
throw all the weight directly on the
spokes without dishing the wheel. This
is done by a double set of spokes, and has
proven very effective in all trials which
have been made by the firm or private
owners. They build ten to twelve horse-
power engines, made with special reference
to the work in hand, and by giving their
machines a double set of solid tires get
the same resiliency as the pneumatic with-
out its troubles. Most of their specialities
have been the inventions of Mr. Hugh
Partridge, the vice-president, and one of
the best gas engine men in this part of the
country. They use an air-cooling device
in this machine which is guaranteed to
keep the motor cool, and on the warmest
day, under the most exacting conditions,
this air-cooling method has proven effect-
ive, being an entirely new patent. Every
part of the machine is turned with great
care and the parts of all machines are ab-
solutely interchangeable, which shows the
exactness with which they are milled. The
machine has a special protection for dust
and sand and any amateur can get at all
the parts of it with a monkey wrench.
The muffler is quiet and absolutely with-
out back pressure, which does so much
to remove the application of power in some
machines. The clearance is high for the
rough country roads. Mr. Edison says
that the man who can get out a high-
wheel machine of this type has solved the
automobile question, and all who have
had any experience with this machine are
at once struck with its quiet, smooth-
working engines, while all who have seen
it are struck with the beauty of the out-
ward appearance, a beauty which trials
show, extends clear through all the finer
workings of the machine. While the plant
is small now and has only twenty men
working, they are all experts and the
tradee of the machine will be kept up even
though the business doubles in the next
tnree months as it has in the past three.
The officers of this company are Messrs.
Hubert G. Stone, president; Hugh Part-
ridge, vice-president, and G. P. Healy.
secretary and treasurer. These men are
all well known business men and gas en-
gine experts, Mr. Healy especially being a
practical man. The good which an estab-
lishment of this character will do for a
city of our growing propensities, and the
State as a whole, is something which can
hardly he over estimated, and it is a great
pleasure to the Record to be able to give
this short history of the men who have
made such an industry possible here.

WVhen the general growth and advance-


One would naturally wonder where all
the old metal, scrap iron, engines, boilers,
etc., go to when they are out of commis-
sion and it seems as though these things
being made of the finest metal, and with
great care must be good for some bet-
ter thing than to the thrown away when
their day of usefulness is over. Such is
the case, and some of the most able men
in business in this city are those who
handle these things in bulk for scrap for
castings, etc. One of the largest firms of
its kind in the city is the Kaufman Met-
al Company, which is composed of Messrs.
J. Kaufman. the father who is always on
the road, trading out the old used up
boilers and engines of firms, and S. R.
Kaufman, the son, who is the manager of
the head office, which is located here in
Jacksonville. at 712 East Bay street,
where the firm has full access to the
tracks of the S. A. L., G. S. & F. and
Southern railways, also have a large yard
and warehouse in Tampa. managed by
Mr. J. Kaufman and an office in New
York. Mr. Kaufman's assistant, Mr. Per-
since the start, and has a large experience
in this line. The position which this
firm has filled here in handling new and
second-hand tracks, rails, bolts, engines,
boilers, and scrap iron has been a very

ment of this city is taken into considera-
tion, it is no wonder that such a firm as
the above bakery should be located here,
as Mr. Puckhaber has shown in the twelve
years he has been with us that no man in
this city understands the bakery business
better than he does and he has in that
time gained a great deal of the desirable
patronage of this city and has shown that
he intends to hold the same through the
equable treatment he has been affording
his patrons at all times. Mr. Puckhaber
has made a specialty of high-class goods
in the time he has been with us and it is
this fact that has made his house as pop-
ular as it is at the present time. This
gentleman is located at 917 and 925 W.
Adams and 9!4 and 930 W. Monroe, and
running as he does clear through the block
has one of the largest locations devoted
to a work of this nature to be found in
the entire South. Sixteen bakers are kept
constantly busy in addition to clerks, er-
rand boys and delivery men and special
care is taken of all orders that come to
this firm over the phone. High quality
goods, sterling business principles and the
most up-to-date and modern accommoda-
tions to his patrons have been the means
of making this gentleman's house as great
a success as it is at the present time.
Thirty men are employed in this firm in
all, and an immense business is done in
the mail order and outside shipping busi-

prominent one, and from a small begin-
ning this firm has risen until at the pres-
ent time it is the recognized leader in its
line and has taken a leading position
among the great institutions of the com-
munity. They always handle a fine stock
of goods, and have bargains in second-
hand machinery which have proven inad-
equate to the requirements of some of
the large plants of the country, and which
can be had for practically the price of the
metal in them. Fifteen men are employ-
ed and a mammoth business is con-
sumated. Mr. S. R. Kaufman, the man-
ager of the plant, is one of the most
prominent men socially in the city, and is
also an enthusiastic sportsman, especially
in the automobile world, having purchas-
ed a fine machine lately, which is one of
the best to be seen in the city. His resi-
dence always extends a quiet but cordial
greeting to all his friends, and he and his
wife are very popular entertainers.

Florida has always been known all
over the civilized world for one thing, and
that is the naval stores exports which she
has furnished to the rest of the world for
many years. The fact that there is no
other portion of this country which fur-
nishes turpentine, tar, pitch, rosin, rsin
oil, etc., etc. in the quantities or quality
which is to be found here has had much
to do with the position which this State
holds at the present time and it is a
source of gratification to our people that
this State should have something that
ranks with the great exports of the civi-
lized world. The Patterson Export Com-
pany has long been known as being among
the leaders in buying and exporting naval
stores, and in addition to the head offee
located here they have a branch in New
York that handles a great deal of their
export work. Their cable code word is
Patport, and they use the A. B. C. Code,
4th Edition, A. B. C. Code, 5th Edition,
Western Union Code and private code.
The control that they have over some
of the largest outputs of naval stores in
this State and the surrounding country
has been responsible for the large business
which they have built up for themselves,
a business that is second to that of no
other firm in this line of work here. The
officers of the company are Messrs. C.
Patterson, president; J. A. Ewing, vice-
president: J. F. Martin, secretary and
treasurer, and five are employed in the
office in addition to the officers of the
firm being active in the work. The offices
are in the Consolidated Building, the large.
est and finest office building in the city
and are of a quality and have an equip-
ment which is commensurate with.the po-
sition which this firm has held here since
its inception one short year ago. Their


business is shown by the fact that twenty cuts it into minute particles, then steam
men are employed to handle their stuffs, is passed through the material, extract-
which are shipped for the most part from ing the turpentine from same. A special
Jacksonville. The position this firm has feature will be noted in the fact that their
held here has always been one of the high- goods are never colored yellow or tainted
eat and the quality of their goods has in any way, being always pure white in
been the best that this State could fur- color, and it is from this fact that they
nish, which means in other words, the best take their name. The company has three
in the world. The yards and side-track plants in various portions of the State,
facilities are large and modern and their one at Live Oak, Fla., another at Paxton,
shipping facilities are of the very first Fla., and still a third at Kingsdale, N. C.
order, twenty men being employed to These plants represent an outlay of from
handle the goods to and from the wagons $15,000 to $25,000, and are strictly mod-
and trains. A large amount of their prod- ern and up-to-date in every sense of the
ucts are also shipped by water, deep water word. From twenty to twenty-five men
vessels being able to load direct from are employed in their work, all the year
their docks. The officers of the company round. The possibilities which this firm
are men for the most part who have spent have opened up by their handling of ref-
their lives in this line of work and are use lumber and fat wood, and the speed
rarely qualified for the leading position and purity of their production has made
that they have filled here since their in- the future of turpentine handling and
ception. Although the firm is but one producing in this State brighter than ever
year old, the men who make it what it is before. They are a most progressive com-
are oal and reliable business men who pany. and their products are all standard
have stood in the front ranks of our most pure white turpentine nothing but the
enterprising business men for many years. highest grades in quality being manufac-
tured by them. This methods which they
FRED E. GILBERT. use is patented by the firm and cannot
The Fred E. Gilbert garage and motor he used by any other corporation. Mr.
warehouses at 37-39-41 West Forsyth H. B. Snell, the president, has had many
street have always attracted a great deal years of experience in the turpentine line.

of attention from all who are interested in
the motor in its latest and most highly
developed form, as they are sure of finding
such vehicles here. This company was es-
tablished by the above gentleman in 1898
and has since had a large and rapidly in-
creasing business which has been so large
as to require the employment of from
nine to twelve experienced mechanics and
motor workmen and occupies a space of
ninety by fifty. Over five hundred ma-
chines have been sold by Mr. Gilbert in the
time he has been here, which is more than
all other machine agencies here have sold
together. The shop in the rear is one of
the most modern and complete to be found
anywhere in the south and all the latest
devices for handling a repair and adjust-

unent work on automobiles of all kinds
are to be found here. Mr. Gilbert repre-
sents the Reo. Maxwell. National Queen,
.Atlas and Babcock Electric. This list
coimlprises the finest machines in the world
in their classes, and all have reputations
which are second to none other. Mr. Gil-
bert is a native of this city and is one of
Florida's products in the business world of
our community. He is a man of sterling
business principles and courteous atten-
tion to all who call. le is always glad to
explain and demonstrate his machines and
their superiority over all others on the
irarket at like price, and all who are
thinking of buying a machine cannot do
better than call on this gentleman. Mr.
(Gil1ert has the first electric plant for
storing batteries on electric vehicles ever
installed in a motor shop in the South.

For the past two years the Pure White
Turpentine Co. have been obtaining pure
turpentine under a different process from
any heretofore used. The turpentine is
obtained from mill refuse and fat wood,
by steam. First the timber is sent
through a pulper or crusher which really

The advantages that this city possesses
in a business and commercial way are far
from being realized as yet and it is with
the idea of showing to the outside world
the marked development that has been go-
ing on here in the past.and the room there
is for advancement here still, that we are
making mention of some of the most im-
portant firms in this city. Among them
we wish to give The C. E. Guller Co. a
very prominent position, as this is one of
the largest and most modern wholesale
grocery houses in this city. A capital stock
of $25,000 is invested in the business. Sta-
ple and fancy goods, canned goods from
the best firms in the world, produce from

the country round about and from the
islands, where they get specialties in the
fruit and vegetable lines, teas. eoff.-s,
spices, extracts, baking powders. ci-Irs,
tobaccos. etc., are all handled by this firm.
Ten men are employed to look after the
immense trade they have built- up here
and two men on the road cover the entire
State. A large mail order business is also
carried on and the name of C. F. Culler
Co. is one of the best known in this por-
tion of the world. The city delivery is
handled by three trucks, and in addition
to the large store room at the corner of
Davis and Bay streets this firm has a
modern and high-grade warehouse on the
S. A. L. Ry. tracks. The officers of the
company are Messrs. C. E. Culler. preii-
*lent: and E. D. Norman. manager. both
men of high standing in the community.

The warm, almost tropical South, has
always been a fine field for the bottler of
soda waters and summer drinks and some
of the finest plants of their kind are to
be found in Florida, where there is a
great and all the year round demand for
pure soft drinks of all kinds. One of the

best known firms here, in any line, i The
Standard Soda Water Bottling Company.
This firm is located at 717 West Adams
Street and Mr. Max Witten is the active
manager. This gentleman has had a great
deal of experience in bottling soda wa-
ters and other soft drinks and the man-
ner in which he has been handling this
firm in the time he has been with us had
much to do with the present popularity
of the house. All the latest and most
modern equipment is to be found here and
a business aggregating four hundred dosen
bottles per day is being handled. Eight
men are kept busy in the bottling estab-
lishment and two large wagons make the
rounds of the city delivering their goods
to their various patrons. A capital of
$5,000 is invested in the plant, and the
name of their brands has come to be very
well known throughout the entire South.
Ciders, Vinegars and "Rye Ola" are among
their products although the principal one
is soda waters of all kinds. The raw ma-
terial used in this plant is the very best
and only the most able men are to be
found in their employ, this all joined with
the sterling business principles of the firm
making their name a reputable and high-
ly thought of one here.
Mr. G. Finklestein, the proprietor of the
above house, is one of our best known
merchant tailors, and also operates a shoe
factory, the former at 537-639 West Bay
street, and the latter at 824 Main street.
He is one of the most able men in this line
of work to be found here and has always
stood high in the community. His many
friends will be glad to hear of the success
he has made in this line of work here.

The fire saw the burning down of a
great deal of valuable property in this
city, but immediately after the fire might
well be said to have bein the period of
restoration. Business men put in finer
stores than they had before and new
people came in with their energy and cap-
ital to make this one of the finest cities
in the Southland. Among them we wish
to mention the Jones-Shaylor Company,
which is located at the corner of Bay and
Ocean, where they have a large store de-
voted to a tine and varied stock of im-
ported and domestic dry goods and notions
of all kinds. The fact that eighteen clerks
are constantly employed to look after the
immense trade they have built up for
themselves is ample proof of the position
they hold here in the respect and esteem
of our critical shoppers. The stock is
arranged in the finest possible manner,
and it is any easy matter for any one to
make a selection of the goods they desire.
The trades people and clerks employed in
this store are prompt and genial in their
service and no one need fear that they
will not receive the utmost consideration
and courtesy at their hands. The store is
operated on the purely department plan,
and no ,iainis mr time or money have been
spared to make this the leading depart-
ment store of Jacksonville. Nothing but
the most high-class goods will be found
here, and the markets of the world are
searched for their stock. Messrs. Jones
and Sproull are two of our best known

Carroll does not handle timber lands, but
with this exception will be found to have
a general line of fine real estate values.
Business locations, factory sites, etc., ete.
are always to be found in his list of fine
properties and all who are thinking of lo-
cating here cannot do better than call
on this gentleman. He is a man of thor-
ough experience in the line he is handling,
and can always be depended on to do his
best for all who call on him. His sterling
business methods are too well known for
comment and his reputation is of the very

Very often a family comes to this city
looking for apartments for a short time.
They do not want to rent a house as they
do not intend staying long enough to
make good use of it, and they do not
care to furnish their own house for a
short space of time. They do not want to
go to a hotel as this is too expensive for
the length of time they intend staying
here. They are what might be called the
betwixt and between class, who desire to
stay more than a few days and yet do not
intend to live here. To all such we can-
not recommend the above apartment ho-
tel too highly, as it has everything in the
line of home comforts and apartments
may be rented from a few days to a few
years if the parties so desire. Many fam-
ilies live there all the year round. The
rates are very reasonable, and having
been put up and installed with this idea in
mind, their three-story building will be
found complete in all the various improve-
ments that go to make up a home. Mr.
A. M. Evans, the proprietor, is a gentle-
man who has spent the greater portion of
his life in this line of work, and is there-
fore able to cater to the high class pat-
ronage he has been enjoying in the ten
years he has been catering to our city
here. He has fifty rooms, and operates
his hotel on the strictly European plan.

The hotel accommodations of this city
are among the best in the country and it
is a pleasure to be able to mention a house
which is as popular as The New Victoria
Hotel with all the latest and most up-to-
date improvements in the hotel line This
hotel is the most centrally located in
this city, being two blocks from Bay
street, opposite the Board of Trade and
the Duval Opera House, within two blocks
of six churches, and with street ears pass-
ing the doors every five minutes for all
portions of the city. depots and wharfs.
It is equipped in the most modern style
and has fifty well furnished rooms. elec-
tric lights, hath rooms, rooms with pri-
vate baths. and a dining room with a
capacity of seventy-five people so that its
patrons are never kept waiting for their
meals through lack of accommodations.
Mrs. W. A. Guill. the proprietress, is one
of our best known caterers to the trav-
eling and resident public, and is also owner
of The Model Hotel, located at 619 West
Bay street. Altogether she has seventy-
eight rooms, thirty employees and a din-
ing capacity of one hundred.

and most capable business men, the former C. B. VAN DEMAN COMPANY.
being president and the latter secretary Owing to the rapid growth which has
anl treasurer of the firm. They have al- been going on in this city in the past
ways shown themselves men of decidedly few years it is not to be wondered at
modern tastes and methods, and of ster- that some of the finest stores of their
ling business integrity uhder all condi- kind in the entire State should be located
tionss here, and we wish to mention the C.
B. Van Deman Company as being dis-.
GEORGE A. CARROLL. tinctly in this latter class. This house
There is certainly no one form of busi- is one of the largest importing and whole-
ness or mercantile endeavor which has had saling grocery firms and candy manufae-
more to do with the great growth and de- turers in the South-purchasing Doty
velopment which has been going on in & Stowe Company. aliorbing Smith-Tur-
Jacksonville since the fire than the real ner Co.. and C. H. Hargraves Co. No less
estate line. and it is a plesure to be able than 56 men are employed in this house
to mention som, o(f the men who by their which is located at 428-438 East Bay
strict attention to the business in hand street where they have a large four-
and their care and attention to this line story brick structure which is entirely
of work stand out pre-eminent in their occupied with their 'immense stock of
work. Among them we wish to call the goods. Eleven men cover the entire state
attention of our readers to the part which and South Georgia: wherever their goo.ls
Mr. (Geo. A. Carroll. located in the base- are known they are in high esteem as this
ment of the .ragon Hotel has played in firm handles nothing but pure and high
the real estate line here. Mr. Carroll has class goods. They have side tracks and
been with us for three years and makes wharfage where their goods are received
a specialty of residence lots on Highway from the larger manufacturing houses of
Avenue near the Seaboard Air Line Shops, the great northern cities, and from where
although all other forms of real estate their goods are finally shipped to their
will be found under his control Mr. patrons all over the South, The offieer


of the company are Messrs. C. B. Van
Deman, president; J. M. Turner, first
vice-president; A. C. Common, second
vice-president; C. M. Stowe, secretary
sad A. G. Thompson, treasurer. These
men have spent the greater part of their
lives in the grocery business and are in
an exceptionally fine position to afford
their patrons the best in their lines.
Note their large ad on inside cover.

The rivers and ocean around Jackson-
ville form one of the finest places in the
world for fish and it is no wonder that
some very large concerns should be lo-
eated here who are bending all their en-
ergies to this form of work. One such
company is known as The Indian River
and Lake Worth Fish Company and is lo-
cated at Melton's old stand at the foot
of Ocean street where they are in a fine
position for a work of this character.
This irm has been established here for
the past two years and has control of
some of the finest fishing grounds to be
found anywhere in the state. They do
both a large wholesale and retail work and
their wagons cover all the city of Jack-
sonville affording people fine accommo-
dations in the line of fr.h fish at a
low figure. They have a large dock and
warehouse and also a cold storage plant.
They also manufacture ice from distill-
ed water, and supply the finest houses
in the city with it. They always have
a full supply of fish, oysters, turtle, game
and produce and can be relied on to keep
nothing which is not absolutely fresh. Mr.
J. H. Petteys, the manager, is one of the
very best known fish men in the state.

The dry dock "Roosevelt" built and
owned by the Merrill-Stevens Company,
is not only the largest, but the only dry
dock on the Atlantic coast south of New-
port News. It is a floating box dock built
of combination wood and steel construe-
tion 332 feet long on the keel blocks, 75
feet wide between wings, and can take in
at full submergence 20 feet over the sills.
It can lift a dead weight of forty-five hun-
dred tons and still retain adequate free
board. The dock occupied two years in
building and required an investment of
$150000.00. It is operated by sixteen
centrifugal pumps having a combined
pumping capacity of sixteen thousand gal-
lons per minute. These pumps are driven
by a 100 h. p. electric motor and can emp-
ty the dock completely in one hundred
minutes. The dock is only recently com-
pleted and has been in operation only a
very few weeks, during which time it has
docked the four masted schooner "Agnes
Manning," the "Dredge Atlantic," and the
United States dredge "Cumberland."
The dock is operated by the Merrill-
Stevens Company in connection with their
plant for repairing and overhauling as well
as building vessels.
With the completion of this dock Jeak-

sonville is fully equipped to care for the
class of commerce which the improvements
to the river are rapidly bringing here. The
Merrill-Stevens Company's dock is large
enough to dock the largest Clyde steamer
that comes here or any other steamer of
similar dimensions, and should be of great
benefit to commerce, not only to this port,
but to neighboring ports from Key West
to Charleston, from which vessels in need
of docking have previously had to go to
ports north of Hatteras, in order to find
accommodation. Vessels that would have
otherwise come to this port for repairs
and for cargo have in the past given up
such trips because they could not be dock-
ed here. The Merrill-Stevens Company
alone have had applications for dozens of
vessels during the past four years which
would have come here for repairs had
there been a suitable dock here.

Prescriptions to be or any real good to
the person who is getting them should
be put up at a good drug store and by
competent clerks, who have been licensed
for the business otherwise some careless-
ness or ignorance may make the prescrip-
tion not only of no avail but maybe
even harmful. One of the best houses in
this city in which to have your drugs pre-
pared is that operated by Mr. W. D.
Jones, at 107 East Bay street where he
has been for the past five years, the store
having been established right after the
fire. Mr. Jones has a large location and
carries on hand at all times a full and
complete line of drugs of all kinds, such
as medicines, patent and special, medical
goods, notions, toilet articles, stationery
and perfumery, fine candies, cigars, cigar-
ettes, rubber goods, etc., etc. His store
is admirably equipped to handle a large
business and his reputation for handling
nothing but the very best in each line has
led many of the best people if our city
to patronize him. A business of about
fifty thousand dollars per year is done
by this gentleman which is very good
for a retail house.

While the factories for the manufacture
of machinery of all kinds are only begin-
ning to start into being in this city still
the surrounding country has long been
known as being one of the finest territo-
ries in the world fc- the sale of engines,
boilers, and the like and the business men
have not been slow to realize this fact as
the establishment here of manufacturers
agents is proof. One of the largest sup-
plies of all kinds of stationary engines and
boilers, portable engines, saw mills and
wood working machinery, and general
supplies is to be found in the large sales-
room of the above firm which has been
located here for the past two years. This
firm has worked the entire surrounding
country with their goods and the records
which they have made for sales is yet to
be equalled by those of any other simi-
lar character. Mr. Maslby is the principal
owner and the active manager of the firm

and has gained the agency for the fol- ple, Mr. Robert Gamble being the active
lowing well-known makes of machinery: manager and president. The great influ-
They are the Southern Managers for A. B. ence which this institution with its cold
Farguhar Co., of York, Penn., saw mills, Istorage capacity and ice has had on mar-
gasoline and gas engines, etc., state agents I ket gardening in this state has been little
for Frank Machinery Co, of Buffalo, and short of marvelous. They insure parties
have other makes of machinery which are i throughout the state getting their lettuce.
equally well known. Two men are kept' celery, strawberries, beans, cucumbers,
on the road all the time covering the en- and fruits into market in good shape, the
tire territory surrounding this city, while ears being iced at Jacksonville at the
four handle the city trade itself. A bus- plant siding and distributed to every sid-
iness amounting to $125,000 per annum ing in the entire state wherever needed.
is done here, and firm bids fair to be-
come even larger and more important in DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION.
the near future than it has in the past. J. Campbell.
Among the leading subjects of especial
THE W. B. JOHNSON COMPANY. interest throughout the state at present
This company has been located here for are drainage and irrigation. On the sub-
the past seven years and has always ject of drainage (especially Everglade
shown itself one which could be relied on drainage), we have authorities galore
in every sense of the word. They are from Governor Broward down, but when
located at 402-404-406-408 East Bay it comes to the subject of irrigation,
street where they have their own two- which is of vital interest to all and es-
story building large and modern in every pecially to the gardeners and fruit grow-
way and specially fitted up for a whole- ers whose daily bread is threatened by
sale grocery business. They handle a lack of rain, Mr. J. P. Campbell is ev-
full and complete line of staple and fancy erywbere recognized as the leading au-
groceries at all times, cigars, tobaccos, thority. Years ago Mr. Campbell foresaw
pipes, snuffs, special canned goods, but- that it was only a question of time when
ter and cheese, fruit and farm produce, all progressive horticulturists in order to
fancy groceries, dried fruits, and in fact be successful, would be compelled to ahan-
all the thousand and one things which go don the "trust to luck" plan, and resort
to make up the stock of a house of this to scientific irrigation, and began to pre-
calibre and class. The members of the pare himself for that time by mastering
firm are Messrs. W. B. Johnson, president; the subject of pumping macuinerv and
James Lasseter, vice-president and Yates hydraulics, and internal combustion en-
Thompson. secretary and treasurer; all gines. That he has succeeded is very evi-
of them being men who have served many dent from the way his advise is sought
years not only for this firm but in this on all matters pertaining to these sub-
line of work. Five men travel the en-: jets.
tire state of Florida and adjoining terri- Mr. Campbell is Florida sales agent and
tory and the side track and water facil- distributor for the Hagan Gas Engine &
ities are such as to give them the prompt- Manufacturing Co., of Winchester, Ky,
est shipping accommodations both in re- Blackmer Rotary Pump Co., Mast, Foos
ceiving and sending their goods to their & Co., and.other leading manufacturers,
selling points. Twenty-five are employ- and has office and salesroom at 24 Ocean
ed in the office and salesroom in addi- street, where is carried on display a com-
tion to the members of the firm, who are, plete stock of the celebrated "Hagan"
all active in the business, gas and gasoline engines up to 50 horse-
power, and then different types of pumps
FLORIDA ICE MANUFACTURING CO. up to 1,000 gallons per minute capacity.
Ice stands as one of the necessities in he is prepared to submit estimates on
this city and the surrounding country complete pumping plants for any pur-
and even in the cooler winter months pose, refrigerating and electrical installa-
must be used for the preservation of food, tions, mills, gins or other machinery using
while in the summer man could hardly internal combination engines as power,
live without it, as his food would not and in producer gas engine plants for any
keep any time at all The Florida lee purpose up to 1,000 horse-power.

Manufacturing Co., is one of the largest
to be found in the country and as would
be expected has a total capacity which is
enormous although they are installing
new equipment which will bring their out-
put up to one hundred tons daily, for
the West Bay street plant while the other
plant located at Myrtle street is also be-
ing remodeled and will be able to take
care of a great deal more business than
heretofore. They are also installing a
three story cold storage building with
stores facing on Bay street, and are go-
ing to erect another three story plant just
east of the old plant, all these being for
commercial use. The construction work
on this latter building will start about
May first and they expect to have it
completed in November. The one hundred
ton plant on West Bay street is going to
be used for down town delivery exclusive-
ly, while the plant on Myrtle street,
which is the most up to date plant in
the South with a capacity of three hun-
dred tons per day, will be used for the
rest of the city. Their entire storage ca-
pacity will be eight thousand tons, mak-
ing a total of four hundred and thirty
tons daily capacity for the company in
ice. The Myrtle street plant which we
have before called the most modern and
up to date plant to be found in the coun-
try is equipped with one one-thousand
hores-power Vilter Ice Making Machine
and two De La Vergne machines. The
new boiler room which is being erected
will have sixteen hundred horse-power
boilers of the water tube variety, with a
reinforced cement and concrete smoke-
stack 6ne hundred and fifty feet high to
give them the natural forced draft which
they require for such power. The plant
has its own electric power and hoisting
machinery, by compressed air, for raising
their ice blocks; a large sawing ma-
chine to cut the large blocks out into
commercial sizes, side tracks, cars which
are being filled daily for southern points.
The plant employs some seventy-five peo-

Pine has been one of the mainstays of
the state of Florida and it is only nee-
essary to get some capable labor in this
state before it is sure to be one of the
most important factors in the develop-
ment of this state. The Georgia Pine
Company which has its offices in Balti-
more, Savannah and Jacksonville, are
large shippers. This local branch under
the able management of Mr. R. D. Wylly,
is located at rooms 411 and 412 Consoli-
dation Building. The officers of the com-
pany are Messrs. P. M. Womble, presi-
dent, who is located at Baltimore, Mo.;
T. S. Wylly, Jr., vice-president, who is
located at Savannah, Ga.; William Tege-
ler, secretary and treasurer, Baltimore,
Md., and R. D. Wylly, manager of the -
Jacksonville branch. This firm has been
established here for the past eighteen
months and has already worked up a fine
business for themselves in the surround-
ing country where their products are ree-
ognized as being of the highest quality.
They have.always shown themselves per-
fectly fair in their treatment of their
patrons, and this more than any other
one thing has had much to do with the
success which they have made of this
line of work here. A specialty is made of
shipping to Northern and Eastern ports
front this city and Fernandina, both by
sail and steam. This firm has also shown
itself much interested in the labor ques-
tion and is always to be found behind
movements of the press which tend to-
ward immigration in any way.

The retail dealers in liquors in this city
have always been known as tine leaders
in their lines in the entire south and
some of the finest cafes to be found any-
where in the country are located right
here in Jocksonville. This is eminently
a city where the people desire some sort
of amusement after their work and that

Merrill-Stevens Dry Dock.


it makes them work harder the next day
is shown by the amount of business which
we are doing here, almost double that of
any city near our size in the world.
Mr. A. MeNulty has long been known
as being one of our most able and effi-
cient dealers in wines, liquors of all
kinds, beers both bottled and draft and
ales, ports, sherries, and in fact every-
thing which comes in under the head of
liquors. He handles nothing but the pur-
et brands and the courteous and careful
treatment which all his patrons received
has had much to do with the present
popularity of his house. He makes a
specialty of the famous Anheuser-Busch
Beers, and also high class cigars. Mr.
MeNulty is located at 106 East Bay
street where he has been for the past
eight months and where his establish-
ment is very popular with the best people
of our city and has come to be known as
Ma's place.

This city has often been called Jackson-
ville the Beautiful, and that this is no
misnomer can be easily seen by any one
who cares to take the trouble to use their
eyes. The result of the many able con-
tractors whom we have in our midst is
the beautiful city which has caused such
a large amount of surprise and admiration
on tHe part of Northern and Western vis-
itors who have been through here. One
of the oldest contractors in this city is
Mr. J. H. Bodes, who is also one of the
most prominent business men, and who is
a member of the Board of Trade of Jack-
sonville, and also the Builders' Exchange,
of which he is chairman of the Board of
Directors. Mr. Boden has one assistant in
addition to the many men whom he em-
ploys to carry out the designs which have
made him so famous. His office and shop

is located at 333 West Forsyth street, in
a three-story hotel building, which he
owns himself. This is one of the finest
brick and stone structures to be found in
this city, and reflects great credit on Mr.
Bodei. Among the residences which he
has constructed in the time he has been
with us, are W. B. Drew's residence and
the Babel residences. He built all the
structures on the south side of Bay street
from Liberty to Catherine, the MeCornish
Building, Knight Store, and many others
which ae recognized as being among the
best buildings in the city. Mr. Boden
makes a specialty of difficult work and
no building of any size is too hard for him
to do a first-elass job on, as is shown by
the structures which we have mentioned
above. Nor is any building so small that
this gentleman will not give the same
his very best attention.

Of all the institutions which go to
make up a thriving, modern city, there is
probably none so closely allied with its
growth and prosperity as are its street
ar lines. In this connection it is inter-
esting to note that the city of Jackson-
ville which is an acknowledged leader in
civie progress and prosperity, has an elec-
tric street ear system that is unecelled

by that of any otner city of its size in
the South.
The Jacksonville Electric Company
operates 22 1-4 miles of track and its
cars are run to all parts of the city. The
regular running schedule requires the
operation of 23 ears, but this number is
increased to 30 during the rush hours of
morning, noon and evening. The ade-
quacy of the company's power house and
car sheds is complete for its entire plant;
is thoroughly up-to-date in every partieu-
lar, being equipped with the very latest
appliances and improvements required by
the best modern practice of electric street
car operation. The extensive and pleas-
ure-affording Phoenix Park, which is locat-
ed on the banks of the St. John's river,
is owned and operated by this company
and here, during the long and hot sum-
mer season, the citizens of Jacksonville
find rest and recreation, a fine summer
theatre and various other features with
whicn the public are thoroughly familiar,
furnishing amusement for the pleasure
seekers. In addition to this, the company
maintains Lincoln Park for the colored
people, a large and comfortable resort.
It has ever been the aim of the Jack-
sonville Electrie Company to give to the
public the very best service of which it
is capable. The company believes that
the success of its business and the ren-
dering of the best service to the public
depends very largely upon the co-opera-
tion of employer and employes, and in
accordance with this belief it purchased,
last year, an employes' club house which
has a dormitory and restaurant and which
has been equipped with pool tables and
other amusement features. The large at-
tendance of the men at the club house
and the interest which they have shown
in it. is evidence of their appreciation of
this act of the company.

Shortly after the great fire of 1901, the
street car lines of Jacksonville were ac-
quired by Stone & Webster, of Boston.
Mass., and the city is certainly fortunate
in having their important public service
under such competent management. The
methods of this firm in the operation of
public utility corporations are thorough-
ly scientific and progressive and are based
on conservative and sound business prin-
ciples. Since Stone & Webster acquired
this property tney have kept pace with
the marvelous development of the city by
expending large amounts of money in ex-
tending and improving the service. Nor
have they stopped in their developments,
for under the terms of the new street rail-
way franchise which the city of Jackson-
ville ratified by a very flattering vote on
April 23rd, the Jacksonville Electrie Com-
pany will be able to make still further ex-
tensions and improvements in its system.
This will include the consolidation of all
existing street car lines in the city and
bringing them under the same skillful
management as exists at the present time
over the egrater part of the system.
The new extensions will reach out to
several sections of tne city and its su-
burbs, which although most desirable for
residence purposes are at the present time
not easily accessible, and this new service

will enable many who so desire to live in
the suburbs and still be within easy reach
of the city and their places of business. It
will be a great boon to the home-seeker
and will greatly enhance the value of land
in the outlying districts and on the out-
skirts of the city.
The contemplated improvements in-
elude additional cars of modern and thor-
oughly up to date construction and it is
safe to say that there will be no finer
cars in the South than those which are
now in process of construction at the
works of the J. G. Brill Co. for the Jack-
sonville Electric Co.
It is probably well known among the
business men of Jacksonville that Stone
& Webster are in the foremost ranks of
operators of public utilities. 'tis firm
operates companies in various parts of
tle United States and Canada. The fol-
lowing list of this firm's holdings will be
of interest:
Baton Rouge Electric Co, Baton
Rouge, La.; The Blue Hill Street Rail-
way Co., Canten, Mass.; Brockton &
PIymouth Street Railway Co., Plymouth,
Mass.; Cape Breton Electric Co, Ltd.,
Sydney, N. S.; Columbus Electric Co,
Columbus, Ga.; The Columbus Power Co.,
Columbus, Ga.; Dallas Electric Corpora-
tion, Dallas, Tex.; Edison Electric Illu-
minating Co., of Brockton, Mass.; El Paso
Electric Co., El Paso, Tex; Fall River
Gas Works Co., Fall River, Mass.; Hough-
ton County Electric Light Co., Hough-
ton, Mich.; Galveston Electric Co., Gal-
veston, Tex.; The Houghton County
Street Railway Co., Hanooek, Mich.;
Houston Electric Co., Houston, Tex.;
Jacksonville Electric Co., Jacksonville,
Saa.; The Key West Electric Co, Key
West, Fla.; The Lowell Electric Light
Corporation, Lowell, Mass.; the Minne-
apolis General Electric Co., Minneapolis,
Mmn.; Northern Texas Electric Co, Dal-
las, and Fort Worth, Tex.; Paducah
Fraction and Light Co., Paducah, Ky.;
Pensacola Electric Co., Pensacola, Fla.;
Ponce Electric Co., Ponee, Porto Rico;
Puget Sound Electric Co., Seattle and Ta-
coma, Wash.; Savannah Electric Co, Sa-
vannah, Ga.; Seattle Electric CO, Seat
tie, Wash.; Tacoma Railway and Power
Co., Tacoma, Wash.; Tampa Electric Co.,
Tampa, Fla.; Whatcom County Railway
and Light Co., Bellingham, Wash.

The grocery lines of this city are num-
bered among the strongest and the aver-
age grocery store here handles a better
line of goods than is to be found in the
best in other portions of the South on
account of the high class trade and the
demand for pure goods. On firm which
has always been known as being one of
the leaders in this city of large and grow-
ing grocery houses is Mr. W. P. Sumner's
establishment which has been here for 25
years. In addition to the local business
which is done here in the city the entire
state is covered by his traveling men, and
a business of over three hundred thou-
sand a year is done. The stock is large
and well selected and covers two floors of
the large building in which Mr. Sumner
is located. Among his goods will be found
staple and fancy groceries, tea, coffees.
spices, imported goods of all kinds, no-
tions and table delicacies, and the famous
4-X brand creamery products which are
too well known to require any extended
mention here. Mr. Sumner's trade num-
bers many of the best grocers in this city
in addition to the large hotels aad restau-
rants which he has on his list.

Shipping facilities are by far the most
important feature of a merchandise
brokerage house, and the above mention-
ed gentlemen have located their ware-
house in a portion of the city where they
have both the Southern Railway and the
Georgia Southern side tracks, and where
their goods are sure of prompt delivery
to and from all portions of the country
They handle a full and complete line of
merchandise accounts, and can get special
goods here as quickly as any firm in the
city. Their reference is the Florida Bank
& Trust Company and the jobbers of
Jacksonville whom they have on their list
of regular patrons. The present arm

succeeded Cadlis ad Roser about one
year ago, and Mr. Rosser was in the latter
firm for three years. Mr. )iteh has also
had a long and varied experience in this
line of work and the two gentlemen make
a very strong business combination.
They sell to jobbers only and carry a
stock for distribution for the manufactur-
era they represent, which is handled in
ear load lots and sold in large quantities.
This firm is one of those frms which has
had much to do with the apbuiMing of
tue city as they are daily bringing mosey
in and sending smaller amounts out, their
commissions being pure gin to this com-
munity in the line of circulation.

There is nothing in the business world
which changes with such startling sud-
denness as the ladies' millinery and many
a firm has gone down in this line of work
simply because their patrons were ahead
of them on the style question. Such has
never been the ease with the above house
which has been here for the past four
years and has always had an increase of
business to show each year over the last.
Mr. Harvey Payne and Maud I. Smith
are the members of the firm and mneh
credit is due to them not only for the
handsome stock which they handle, but
because of the manner in which they
have handled the large and steadily grow-
ing patronage with which they have been
presented by the people of this city who.
have found that in this house they can
get better goods at lower prices than any-
where else in the city. Their styles are
kept up by review of the latest styles in
the centers of the fashionable world and
when a hat or bonnet is bought from this
firm you can rely on its being the very
latest and most stylish effect.

The above firm has been located at
323-325 West Bay street for the past if-
teen years, and they have been making
steady advance from the start, and as an
evidence of this the Arm was incorporated
last year for $100,000 which shows the
high position they occupy financially
among the larger firms of this city. They
handle a complete line, both in whole-
sale and retail dry goods, notions, dies'
ready-to-wear, millinery, gent' furnish-
ings, clothing, hats and shoes. They are
exclusive agents for the Standard Pat-
tern. They employ from twenty to twen-
ty-five experienced clerks and salespeople
in their large double store, together with
four traveling men, covering a large part
of the state, and the entire surrounding
country and territory, where their name
is well known on account of their ster-
ling business dealings, high quality goods
best selections, and prompt shipment, and
efficient service in each department. Their
store is equipped with the latest labor-
saving system for quick delivery, ad
the best possible eash and office system.
As a further guarantee of their sueess
and progress they are just now having
a four story building added to their for-
mer store which will front Forsyth street,
and give them more than double their for-
mer space. The new store will be four
stories high, with latest improved eleva-
tor, and all modern improvements, giving
them one of the best arranged and com-
modious wholesale buildings in. the city.
The sales of this firm were increased last
year to about 33 1-3 per cent above any
previous year in their business.
The officers of the company are, Mr.
Frank E. Wood, president; Mr. W. T.
Fowler, vice-president, and Mr. Thomas
Pollard secretary and treasurer. Thesa
men being all well known and highly
thought of business men of the city.
Members of the firm are deeply inter-
ested, and they are continually showing
their public spirit by the attention the:
give to the development of the city and
state, and they can be relied upon to use
the best judgment at all times for the
advancement of such interest as they are
identified with.

Coca-Cola has come in the few years
it has been on the market to be known
as king among the soft drinks and there
are more people drinking Coca-Cola at
the present time than any other oe

Palace Hotel, Owned and Built by J. H. Bode


drink. Al who handle it in all portions
of the country have the same report to
make of its popularity. The Jacksonville
branch of this great firm was located here
in 1902 and has now a yearly pay rob
amounting to $12,00 which places it in a
class of its own among bottling firms.
eighteen employes specially trained in
the work are kept constantly busy here
turning out their products which are im-
mense. The shipping facilities are the
best to be found in this city in the bot-
tling business for these shipments must
be made on time or the company would
hear from their thousands of users ano
when the amount is taken into consider-
ation it soon- appears that the manager
has his hands full to keep everything
working smoothly. Their most promi
nent brands are Metto, bis, Iron Brew,
Dr. Pepper, Peach Mellow, Rasport, Soda
Waters of all kinds, ginger ale, and the
famous Coca-Cola. Bilz is an imported
German drink that does more business in
Germany than Coca-Cola does here, al-
though that would not seem possible.
Hires' Boot Beer is also made by this
firm. The management cordially invites
the public to call and inspect with what
care and cleanliness their products are

Officers: Col. W. M. Toomer, presi-
dent; Mr. R. H. King, vice-president ant
general manager; Mr. J. P. Rasmusen.
secretary and treasurer.
The chair factory which we have made
the subject of this sketch is one which we
mention especially as showing the success
that can be made in any line of manu-
facturing here if handled in a modern
and up-to-date manner. The product ot
This factory is now handled by almost
every furniture dealer in this state and
taeir trade extends to many other states
of the South, Cuba and Nassau, N. P.
They make a complete line of bed-room,
dining sad porch chairs, parlor rockers in
cane, leather and wood seats.
Special attention is paid to the finish
and construction of every chair that goed
out from the factory.
This company is capitalized at 25;-
000.00 with the above mentioned officers.
other stock holders being local ousinese
men who have every confidence in the fu-
ture development of this city's vast re-
sources. Mr. R. H. King, the general
manager, is a young man with many
years' experience in the chair business,
having been for a number of years con-
nected with the Heywood Bros. & Wake-

field Co., of Baltimore, Md, they being the
largest chair makers in the United
States. We predict continued success for
the Florida Chair Factory which is the
only one in this State.

The harbor of the St. Johns river at
Jacksonville is a busy scene on a business
day and one of the busiest firms to be
found along the water front is that of the
Jacksonville Forwarding Company which
makes a specialty of lightering freight
transportation, tow work, and all kinds
of river and harbor work. This firm
was located here in July, 190t, with
offices 16 South Laura street, and short
history of their business career follows.
The methods which have always been
used by this firm have been those which
make for success in any line of wirk, and
the sterling business principles, the hon-
est dealings with their patrons, their
prompt and efficient service in all kinds
of work, and the care which they take
in filling orders to see that their patrons
are satisfied have had much to do with
the immense growth which their work
has had here in the past three years.
Some fifty to sixty specially trained river
men are employed and six tugs are now
owned by the company. They are The
Ruth E, Howland, Bertha Ritter, St.
John, Annie H., and Neptune. They
comprise the pick of the flotilla of tugs
and river boats to be found in the harbor
and are always kept up to their best effi-
ciency so that they are always ready to
afford their patrons the utmost accom-
modations in all lines. The officers of the
company are, for the most part, men who
have made this class of work their special-
ty for many years and are prepared to give
their patrons the very best service whic-
can be found anywhere in the city. The
officers are Harold Weston, president;
W. R. Thompson, treasurer and general
manager, in addition to which there are
several men to be found working in the
office, keeping the books, reports, etc.

Among the general contractors and
builders in this community there is none
better known or more highly thought of
than Mr. Wm. T. Cotter, the subject of
this sketch, who has been with us for the
past twenty-seven years, although well
known in the South prior- to that time.
During his business career here this gen-
tleman has contracted for and built such
e-muces as Board of Trade Building, Naval
Stores Warehouses, Sheds and Tanks, Ter-

minal Docks A L. L, E Painter's Fer-
tilizer warehouses in this city and in
South Jacksonville, and many others in
this city. Mr. Cotter employs from four
to five hundred men at various portions
of the year and depending on the work he
has in hand, and all of the more skilled
mechanics, so it is easily seen that his
pay-roll has had a great deal to do with
the money in circulation in this city. It
mounts at times to something over $6,000
a week. In the office which is to be found
in the Mutual Life Building, he employs
two assistants, and estimates are cheer-
fully furnished for any class of work. A
specialty is made of railroad construction,
pile driving and dock construction, al-
though any character of building work
is handled by this gentleman in the most
modern and up-to-date manner.

The general growth of the commerce
of this city is well illustrated in the his-
tory of the American Oak Leather Tan-
ning Company, which has been located
here for the past two years and who are
just now moving into their new sales
rooms, No. 320 West Forsyth street,
these latter having been just completed.
The factory is located on Talleyrand
avenue where this firm has been the en-
tire length of time they have been with
us and where they have one of the largest
and Lest equipped factories to be found
in the south. Thirty men are employed
in handling their products, and the force
in the factory is very numerous. All are
skilled experts in the oak leather tanning
line, and their own special formula is
used, thus giving the best results possi-
ble. That this last statement is correct
is shown by the demand for their goods
.niat has sprung up since they went into
this line, a demand that they have never
been able to fully satisfy although they
have increased their working force and
their equipment right along trying to
keep the supply of their goods equal to
the demands that have been made on it.
No pains are spared to make their out-
put as high grade as possible, and it in-
cludes, harness, leather fittings, etc, etc.
Four men are kept constantly on the
road covering the entire state, and facil-
ities will be found at their disposal for
the prompt delivery of their orders. They
are known as manufacturers of harness,
collars, saddlery, and tanners of high
g ade harmnss, leather, and the quality
of their goods has been mentioned fully
above. The officers of the company are

. ; 'r "r" a1r". .

Jackonville Board of Trade Building.

Messrs. Chas. H. Mann, president, W. 8.
Ware, general manager, A. F. Perry, sec-
retary ana treasurer. These men are
numbered among the most able and pro-
gressive business men in this community
ant owe their great success in this line
of work to the methods they have use
to bring it about. Sterling business
principles, honest work and high quality
goods will work wonde-. -
public, and this has ever been in the;r
motto. They are also public spirited gen-
tlemen and always to be found behind
movements which tend in any way to
materially add to the wealth And ulti-
mate prosperity of the city and State in
which they are located.

The waterways of Florida have been
justly famous for a number of years, and
the scope of their operations is only lim-
ited by the ends of navigation in the civi-
lized world. One of the foremost steam-
ship companies is the Peninsular & Occi-
dental Steamship Company, which ope-
rates steamers to Havana, Cuba, Nassau,
the Bahamas, Port Tampa. Miami and Key
West, Fla., and which has filled a very im-
portant position in the annals of water
transportation in the State of Florida.
The head offices are located at 232 West
Bay Street, Jacksonville. They operate
five boats, all large and modern in every
sense of the word, and equipped with all
the latest life-saving and safety devices.
Stop-over privileges are allowed at will
in the State of Florida with a time limit
for the entire trip, thus allowing a person
to see the entire State in a thorough man-
ner for the price of one round trip, and
tickets may be bought anywhere in the
State. The position which this steam-
ship company has filled in the State has
been greatly due to the efforts of Charles
L. Myers, manager, who is located in the
head office at Jacksonville.
The advertisement which a firm like this
gives to the city of Jacksonville is with-
out equal, and it is to them and others
like them that this city owes the promi-
nent position which she has always held in
the ports of the greater world.

Jacksonville is known far and wide as
a magnificent city, with fine buildings,
wide well paved and above all, clean
streets, and the finest residence property
in the world, and the men whom we have
to thank for all this are the real estate
men of our city. Among the companies
which have lately come into being there
is one here which would attract attention
in any city in the world. We refer to
the Highway Development Company,
which is capitalized at $250,000, and which
was established November, 1906. This
firm makes a specialty of selling Highway
property, especially sections adjoining the
S. A. L. shops, for residence property.
This firm was also incorporated to loan
money on real estate, houses, etc., etc.
They also propose to build and let bous-
es out at easy terms until paid for, al-
though they will do no renting, but apply
the rent on the price of the house until
same is paid for in full, together with a
small interest which is all they charge.
The stock of the company is listed in
twenty-five hundred shares at $100 per
share both the preferred and common sell-
ing at the same amount and being of the
same number. They are operating with
the same people who make government
bonds the safest investment for your
money, that is the people who own homes
in this country and the money which is
put into this company is absolutely safe
in addition to paying 10 per cent. This
sounds very large, but when figured out
it will be found perfectly reasonable, as
this company loans say $1,000 on a piece
of property valued at $1,500 for ten years
at the rate of $12.50 per month, this in-
cluding interest. This amounts to fifteen
hundred dollars in ten years, and shows
a gain which is sure, safe and conserva-
tive, and yet which is not charging any
one an undue amount for the use of the
money as the average rent of a $1,500
house and lot would amount to more than
the $12.50 per month, and yet would not
give the lessee any chance of ever owning
his own home, which is what makes a
city strong financially and otherwise.


This company has filled a large place
here and is bound to become one of the
strongest in the country before many
years have passed over, as it is captained
by men of marked ability and sterling
business principles. The officers of the
company are Messrs. Cecil Wilcox, presi-
dent; D. U. Fletcher, vice president; C.
T. Paxton, secretary, and W. C. Warring-
ton, treasurer. Mr. Fred T. Bennett is
the attorney. These names which we
have given are a guarantee of the safety
of money placed in this establishment as
not one of these men would have any-
thing to do with any business proposition
which was not based on strictly honor-
able methods of business.

There is no one factor which is more
important in the horse and mule line than
large, airy, and commodious stables, and
H. T. Armington & Sons are owners and
operators of two such stables located on
West Adams street, corner Clay. Their
specialty is handling sale stock, horses and
mules which they buy up through the
west and ship to Jacksonville and during
the year will handle a great many car-
loads. This enterprising firm also has a
branch in Atlanta. Ga., located at the
Stock Yards where they are in touch with
the horse and mule trade at all times.
The second floor of their building in
Jacksonville has been converted into a
repository and they carry a full line of
buggies, scurries, wagons, harness and sad-
dlery, and any and all persons wishing or
contemplating making purchases in their
line will do well to consult them before

ales, liquors of all kind, the best of whis-
kies and bottled goods, and has an ele-
gant bar which is run in addition to the
outside jug and bottle trade which is
handled by this up-to-date and modern
firm. They are strict retailers and yet
six men are required to look after the
wants of the many patrons who visit
them regularly, and the high class Acme
beer is one of the reasons why so many
visit them, as it has been found that bet-
ter beer than this is not made. Messrs.
Schulenberg and Ponce are numbered
among our most prominent and able busi-
nessmen and the manner in which they
have been treating their patrons in the
last few years has had much to do with
the success which they have had in this
calling here.

The women of this city have long been
known as careful and skilled dressers, and
this naturally brings about the presence
here of some of the finest stores which ca-
ter to ladies' dress goods and clothing
trade to be found anywhere in the entire
country. The leading millinery, ladies'
tailored fine garments, and notions house
is the one which is operated by the above
mentioned gentleman at 5 East Bay
street, where he occupies two store and
two work rooms with an immense stock
of millinery, including all the latest styles
from the centers of the world's style
countries, ladies' dress suits, and ready-
to-wear tailored garments, all of the very
best quality and of the highest grade.
Mr. Jacobs has been located here for the
past nine years, and has now eighteen
clerks and tailors working for him, so

Armington Stables

Every line which could help to make
this a great city is to be found here, and
none is carried to a higher degree of ex-
cellence than the grocery lines. This is
partly explainable by the fact that the re-
tailers here have the finest wholesale houses
and jobbers to select from, and have the
largest stocks of goods on hand at all
times. W. S. Dorsey & Company have
been located here for the past three years
and in that time have come to be known
as leaders in the retail grocery goods.
They have on hand at all times a full and
complete stock of canned goods, staple
and fancy groceries, teas, cofees, spices,
extracts, notions and specialties, vegeta-
bles, dairy and farm products and in fact
everything which has a call in this com-
munity. Two delivery wagons which are

kept always on the run delivering the
many orders of their patrons shows the
extreme popularity of this house. They
are located at 15 Ocean street, Jacksonville
and they also have a branch store on the
north side of the Square at Gainesville,
Fla., where they do a very large business.

One firm which has had much to do
with making their calling a reputable one
in this city is that operated by Messrs.
Sechlenberg and Ponce, who are located
near the business center, where they have
been since the fire of 1901. If all saloons
and liquor houses were conducted on the
high class and moral lines which mark
this one's methods of doing business,
there can be no doubt but that much
which is now said against the saloon
would cease to be said and that they
wonold be looked on in a higher manner
by all who have anything to do with
them. This house carries always in stock
a fine and high elas assortment of wines,

great has been the development which
his business has known in that time. The
stock is valued conservatively at $45,000,
and the business done amounts to $60,000
per annum, which shows the large trade
which this gentleman has built up among
the best people of this community.

This country has always been known
as being one of the strong vehicle and
harness countries of the United States,
and it is not sur rising that some of the
largest firms in Alis line should be locat-
ed right here. tmong them we wish to
call the attention of our readers to the
well known firm of which we have made
mention of above, and which is located at
Forsyth and Cedar, where they have a
complete assortment of all manner of
pleasure and business vehicles, harness for
all occasions, etc., etc. The store room
which they are occupying is one of the
largest to be found in this section of the
city and the stock comprises such goods
as Cortland, Troy. Watertown, Taylor &
Kennedy buggies, Weber and Milburn
wagons. Timpken roller bearings, which
are used in most high grade automobiles,
and which lighten the load one-third. Mr.
W. F Stark, the active manager of this
house, is the man to whom a great deal
of credit is due for the manner in which
the business has been built up here, and
he has always shown himself one who
thoroughly understands the vehicle mar-
ket at all times. The firm has been here
for the past four years and does a busi-
ness of $45,000 per annum. The interior
of the salesroom and show rooms is so
arranged that it is easy for 'a person to
make their selection of a vehicle for any
purposes, from the light pleasure buggy
up to the more solid heavy draught ve-

hicle. This firm is one of the promi-
nent ones of this city in all movements
which tend to the future advancement of
our community and can always be de-
pended on to do their best in support of
the same.

During the thirty years this gentleman
has been in the fertilizer handling busi-
ness here he has always handled the
highest possible grade goods and this has
been one of the reasons why he has been
so successful and has built up such a pat-
ronage for himself among users of this
commodity in the entire South. Eight
men are now working for him and the
business which he has been doing here
lately has amounted to $175,000, while
the pay roll per annum is slightly over
$5,000, which shows the character of the
work which he is doing and the class of
men whom he employs to do this work.
Mr. Tysen is located on the viaduct,
where he has full facilities in the line of
handling both the incoming and outgoing
stocks, as most of his goods are reship-
ped into the country from here, where
they are in great demand. He is also well
known socially and has many friends in
this city, who will be glad to hear of the
success which has been his in the time
he has been with us.

This firm is located near the center of
the city, where they have a fine building
106x74 and two stories high. This struc-
ture was built with the special purpose
of making it the finest stable in the com-
munity and how well it has succeeded will
be easily seen from one look at the modern
and up-to-date appliances which are to be
found here. A general sales, hoard-
ing and livery business is conducted
and from one hundred to one hundred
and fifty horses are always to be found in
their establishment. A carriage and har-
ness repository is also operated and all
kinds of vehicles may be had for hire for
a purposes. The company has been here
for the past thirty-five years, and has won
a hih position here by their unchanging
sterling business methods. No less than
sixty people find constant employment
here, which will give the outsider some
idea of the tremendous business which
this firm is carrying on. Fifty teams are
operated in the transfer business in this
city alone.

Experience is the best teacher, and
when a firm has had over forty years ex-
perience in one line of work and has a
steady and healthy growth of business all
this time, it is only fair to suppose that
they understand all the finer details and
systems of the work. The McCarrel Com-
po-Stone Company has been in this city
for many years, although only incotporat-
ed in 1902. Besides being heavy contract-
ors, they are manufacturers of compo-
stone, stucco and brick, columns, caps,
bases, steps, coping balusters, brackets,
friezes, panels, cornices, finials, corbels.
tracery, gargoyles, mouldings, coursed and
broken ashlar, etc. Estimates are furnish-
ed on short notice for any character of
compo-stone work, re-inforced concrete
construction and cement roofing tile, and
their goods ha-e come to be known as te-
ing the very best which the city can pro-
cure, as they are "made on honor." The
works are located at the corner of Thir-
teenth and Pearl streets, on the S. A. L.
Ry., and the office is in the Builders' Ex-
change, 111 East Bay street. A business
of $55,000 is done in contract work alone.
and over $200.000 in stone work, etc. The
pay roll alone amounts to over five thou-
sand dollars per month. The officers of
the company are Messrs. Robt. McCarrel,
president; his son. Thos. M. McCarrel,
superintendent, and R. T. McCarrel, a
nephew of the president, secretary and
treasurer. The firm is therefore practi-
cally all in one family, and has been in
this family for the past forty years.

The iron industry is one which has been
very strong all over the country and is
one of the best investments for money
which a person can find, as is proven by
the rapid growth which the above men-

tioned firm has had in the time they have
been with us. This firm started here with
a very small beginning some thirty-five
years ago, and has since developed into
one of our largest and most modern shops,
and not only in size is it one of the lead-
ers, but special care is taken to see that
all work is finished up in a high elam
manner. The house is located at the end
of the viaduct in Riverside, phone 102, and
does a general work of iron and brass cast
ings, forgings, general repairing and finish-
ing, machine boiler and engine work, etc.
Thirty'experienced mechanics are employ-
ed in addition to porters and helpers, and
the work is turned out in remarkably
short time when the great care which
is given to it is taken into consideration.
The machinery is all operated by electric-
ity, this having been proven the best pow-
er for a machine shop of this character,
and this one fact shows the tendency of
the firm to have nothing in their plant
which is not modern and up-to-date in
every sense of the word. The plant is
owned by E. G. Russell, and managed
by R. W. Limbaugh.

The most important feature of the
building of a house is the plumbing and
hot water arrangement, as the finest
house in the land would be of no earthly
use if these important items were not
finished up in a workmanlike and high-
class manner. This kind of work is best
done by Messrs. Keefe and Ball, who have
been in the plumbing, steam and gas fitt-
ing, hot water installing and tinsmith
work here for the past two years, al-
though Mr. Ball was here alone for fifteen
years before going into the company and
Mr. Keefe has had many years experi-
ence in high class work. This firm is lo-
cated at 131 East Forsyth street, where
they have one of the best fitted up and
equipped workshops to be found in the
city, and where no less than ten men
are employed for their outside work. The
shop is directly in the rear of their large
sales and stock room, where a full line
of equipment for finishing this portion of
houses and buildings is to be found, in-
eluding bath tubs, toilets, lavatories, ete,
etc. Hot air heating plants are also in-
stalled and that all their work is done in
a high class manner is shown by the
many fine homes and buildings in this
city which have been equipped by this

The liquor lines in this city are handled
in an exceedingly able manner, but we
da:e say that all who have called on the
above mentioned gentleman will agree
with us when we say that no one in this
community is operating a finer bar or a
larger mail order business than Mr. Dun-
can. The orders are piling in on this gen-
tleman's place of business until it takes
several employes to keep up with them,
and they come from all over the State,
where his reputation for handling fine
liquors and for sterling attendance on
his patrons has made his goods and his
house very much in demand. Mr. Dunean
is located in large and admirably equip-
ped quarters at the corner of Bay and
Lee streets, where he always has a very
fine stock of high class wines, ales, beers,
whiskies, brandies, etc., etc, always on
hand, and where he is always to be found
supervising the work of the entire estab-
lishment and seeing to it that his patrons
get the best treatment which can be ac-
corded them. Mr. Duncan has done much
to make his calling one of the most repu-
table in this city, and like all men of his
class of work can always he depended on
to do his very best for his city at all
times. No pains are spared to make this
house attractive on the interior and the
finest of hard wood bars, furniture, wall
cases, display cases, hard wood floor, etc,
are all to be found here. The neat condi-
tion in which the bar room is always
kept, and the courteous and orderly treat-
ment that is to be met with here, have
had much to do with making this house
as popular as it is at the present time.
Mr. Duncan is one of our most able busi-
ness men and progressive citizens, and is
always to be found behind movements
which tend to advance the interests of the
community in any way at alL


view o1 recan ureara or urnag aJros. uo. in isaer county, Fiorsoa.

PECAN PROFITS growers and nurserymen of Florida and
A ten year bearing record has bee kept the most extensive growers of many lines
of the yield from one budded pecan tree of nursery stock in the South. Their lead-
planted in 182. The tree was planted era in the nursery production is the finer
on an average grade pine land, has had varieties of budded and grafted pecan
good normal care, but no better than say trees. To this firm belongs the distine-
orchard or grove tree should have. The tion of being the first to place budded and
variety was one of the standard sorts, but grafted pecan trees on the markets in
no more prolific than many other varieties large commercial quantities.
now being propagated and offered leading They practice what they preach; they
nurserymen. not only grow trees and ask others to buy
In the following tabulation, we give the and plant, but are their own best custom-
year, the number of pounds per tree, the ers, they now owning the largest acreage
number of pounds that 100 trees would of peach and pecan orchards in the state.
have produced and the price of the nuts As they are planting peach, pecan, orange,
from 100 trees at 25 cents per pound. grapefruit, in fact all kinds of fruits
Tree planted 1802. In 1893-1-5 no nuts adapted to the lower South in their own
were borne, orchards for commercial purposes, they
Pries per are better prepared to advise and recom-
Nuts Per 100 trees nmend kinds of trees and varieties, than
Year- per tree 100 trees 2e per lb. any firm in the South.
1806..... 1 lb. 100 lb. $ 26.0 The business which has been built solely
1897..... 7 Ibs. 700 bs. 175.00 upon its own merits, started only a few
188 ..... 10% lbs. 10601 b. 29.50 years ago in a very small way, and has
189..... 13% lba. 1360lbs. 337.50 grown from year to year into its present
1900..... 27 Ibs. 2700 b. 675.00 immense proportion, their present acreage
1901..... 16 lbs. 00 lb. 400.00 devoted to nursery and orchard purposes
190..... 45 Ibs. 450 Ibs. 1,125.00 aggregates over 2,200 acres, and the end
190..... 80 Ibs. 800lbs. 2,000.00 is not yet.
1904..... 121 bs. 12100 lbs. 3,085.00 If you are interested in fruit or nut
1906.... 131 lbs. 13100bs. 3,275.00 trees, it will be of interest to you to write
for this firm's handsome illustrated cata-
4400b bs. $11,065.00 logue. Their prices are always within
By reducing the yield one half, which is keeping of the quality of the trees they
less than the average 100 well cared for furnish. Their methods are prompt and
trees should yield, we have 22,100 pounds dealings are just. Their business has

"It is astonishing how few people there
are who know what a pecan nut is, and
still more surprising to realize that there
are a very few who recognize difference in
quality or varieties, and who really know
that there is as much difference in the
flavor of pecans as there is in the flavor
of different varieties of apples. The wild
seedlings may be thick shelled, bitter and
astringent, whereas the cultivated forms
are thin shelled, rich and delicate in flavor
and texture. For many years the markets
of the east have received and have con-
sumed considerable quantities of the seed-
ling nuts of Florida, Louisiana, Mississip-
pi, Texas, and other regions where the pe-
can is indigenous. These nuts range from
very good to very indifferent and poor.
They all present the same polished brown
exterior in the grocer's windows, but they
greatly in the quality of their meaty con-
"The United States is a good deal of a
nut-eating country. Something over $5,-
000,000 worth of nuts are imported annu-
ally. On the other hand, we only export
about $300,000 worth. This export quanti-
ty is largely made up of English walnuts
grown on the Pacific coast, and perhaps
a few pecans from the South. It is inter-
esting to note that as the pecan has be-
come known in the east, its consumption
has increased, and with increasing con-
sumption has come also higher prices. Less
than ten years ago ordinary nuts could
be bought for five or six cents a pound.

fore plenty of space in the orchard. Grow-
ers are now setting them at forty and fifty
feet apart. If one sets forty by forty,
twenty-seven trees is required to the acre.
Forty by forty-five calls for twenty-four
trees, while fifty by fifty only requires
seventeen trees to the acre."
"The reader will ask, how soon they
come into bearing; how long must a man
wait for his investment to begin to yield
a dividend? Well, this is not altogether
a difficult question to answer, although re-
sults will vary in different parts of the
country. It may be said that, in general,
the pecan orchard will bear as early as an
apple orchard, and remain in bearing twice
as long. Planting as far apart as has
been suggested gives an opportunity for
utilizing the ground with other crops dur-
ing the unproductive period. Some of
the best growers in Florida and Georgia
are planting peaches between their pe-
cans, and then, for the first two or three
years, growing cotton in the interspaces."
"The pecan is certainly one of the at-
tractive crops of the Middle South, and
a pecan orchard in that region promises
as well and probably better as an invest-
ment than any other kind of field crop
that a man can go into. It is a crop which
as far as our knowledge of its require.
ments extends, will take care of itself as
well as any, has fewer enemies, and has
greater possibilities, from the standpoint
of handling and holding the product, than
any other orchard fruit cultivated at the

View of Fifteen-Moath-Old Peach Orchard Owned by Griffng Bros. Co.

of nuts which at the extreme low price of
20e per pound, it gives us an income of
$4,4M0.00 for the 100 trees for the 10 years
of bearing or thirteen years from planting
of grove.

Copied from "Thomas' Weekly Review"
one of the most reliable periodicals pub-
"Austin, Texas, December 4, 1906-Pecans
are now selling here at 15 and 18 cents
a pound and there is a lively scramble
among buyers at that price. For the first
time Northern and Eastern houses have
sent buyers into this section to secure pe-
cans direct Usually the big confectionery
houses depend upon the local commission
men for their supply. This year fearing
that the supply would not be equal to the
increased demand, their own men have
been scouring the country.
A good grade of large soft shell pecans
is almost impossible to get, those fortu-
nate enough to have them are getting fab-
ulous prices. Those being offered for sale
are small and the majority have thick,
hard shells, but every grade is being eager-
ly gobbled up."

The foremost and leading fruit and nut

been built upon the motto "Every pleased These nuts, which were then used by present time."
customer begets another." Their gene-il nurserymen for growing seedling stocks,
office is at Jacksonville, with orchard now bring eight to twelve cents a pound. HAAS & BOYBR.
nurseries and branches in Baker, Alachua There is still greater advance in the price As we wish to mention in this review
Pasco, St. Lucie and Dade counties, of the really edible varieties. Where for- of the man advanta which Jackso-
The firm began business in 1887. Its merely they were sold for ten cents, they the ay d es w J -
capital was five growing boys, who were now bring twenty and thirty cents, while ville and the State of Florida have to
filled with virility, vim and grit. They the propogated varieties sell up .to fifty outsiders, all those business houses which
entered the field of commercialism with a and sixty cents, when a private and per- have been prominent here in the past
well defined determination to push all ob- sonal trade is established. There is no few years we think that all will agree
stacles aside and make a place for them- question at all that the pecan is one of the tion would be complete without a word
selves among men. That they have sue- coming nuts, and bound to be a leader on the above firm, which has come in
needed is proven by the business they have among the orchard fruits of the future. the fifteen years it has been in our midst
builded. "As a fruit, it possesses the important with us when we say that no such men-
The following extracts are taken from quality of being non-perishable within rea- cy W. Zacharias, has been with the frm
an article written for National Nurser)- sonable limits. Cold storage is not a fac- to be known as the largest general mer-
men by Prof. John Craig. professor of tor. and transportation facilities are of chandise store in the city, and which has
horticulture, Cornell University, Ithica, N. relatively small importance." earned an enviable reputation for good
Y. Mr. Craig is accepted as the best au- "When growing in the open, it makes an goods, sterling business treatment of its
thority on horticulture in America and the exceedingly handsome tree. It is stately patrons and low prices. Messrs. Hase
strong statement in this article should and symmetrical. Well developed speci- & Boyer are located at 535-537 East Bay
convince the most skeptical that in the mens reach a height of 150 to 170 feet." street, where they have a very large store
near future the growing of the better prop- "As estimated in an earlier part of this employing three competent and experi-
ogated varieties of pecans from budded paper, the nuts vary greatly in size. Some need clerks in addition to both members
and grafted trees will become a staple in- of them weigh as much as an ounce, while of the firm being active in the business.
dustry of the lower South. The first to others weigh less .than an eighth of an A delivery wagon is operated for the
plant will reap the finest rewards. Every ounce. Then, there is an extraordinary further convenience of their patrons who
mill and naval stores operator should difference in the thickness of the shell, the number many of the very best people of
plant a few hundred of these trees. In a improved varieties being veritable "paper- our city. The stock which these gentle-
few years they will be bearing and will shells." men carry is the largest and best selected
enhance the value of his property many "The pecan is, as noted above, a large- to be found in this city, and all prices
fold. growing, long-lived tree. It needs there- will be found at bed rock.


- - - - .-- - - - - -. -. . .. . . . . ... . . . . . . m. .

The Men Who Make



Editor and General Manager.

Busiess Manager.


SSpecial Advertising Representatives,
Whose efficient work made this number possible.



Supt. Mecanical Dept.

Foreman Linotype Dept.

Foreman Pres Room.

The Industrial Record Publishing Company,
Housed in its own commodious three-story building, operates one of the largest and best equipped
Printing Plants in the South Book, Catalogue and General Commercial Work are our Specialties.


The steam cleaning and dye works has
come to Ie o.-e of the most necessary
features of our modern business life, as
man is learning that while the clothes
will not make the man they make the
impression on ,ne other i an and that is
what.the world is after. They are also
learning it is not enough to buy good
clothes, but that you must keep them in-
good order, and who can do this as well
as the steam cleaning and dye works,
provided they have good equipment for
this class of work? One of the most
modern in the city is that operated by
Mainhard Brothers, who are located at 119
East Forsyth street, where they have
been cleaning and caring for the clothes
of the best dressed people of this city for
the past thirteen years. They are ad-
mirably located for a work of this nature,
and have all the latest and most modern
accessories for a plant of their character.
A delivery system is operated to all por-
tions of the city and an enormous busi-
ness is done. Eight experienced cleaners
and dyers are employed, in addition to
both members of the firm being actively
engaged in the work.

One man who is perhaps the best known
retail dealer in liquors and who has per-
haps done more to elevate his business
here than any other one man, is Mr. F. K.
Gardner, the old and reliable liquor man,
who is the proprietor of The Budweiser
Saloon, which is to be found located at
48 West Bay street, in the West Build-
ing. This gentleman has been here in the
saloon and show business for the past
thirteen years, and has always been
known as a leading man. He is now pass-
ing his twentieth month in this location,
which has been fitted up with special ref-
erence to the work in hand. A full line of
all the leading wines, ales and ilquors,
whiskies, beers, etc., are to be found here,
as well as cigars, tobaccos, etc, and the
interior arrangements will be a source of
surprise to the Northern visitor who first
enters the house as one would not expect
to fnd a place of this magnificence in a
city of this size. It is said to be the
finest place south of Cincinnati, and cer-
tainly bears out its reputation. A fine
hard wood bar, plate glass mirrors, mosaic
floor, everything kept in the most neat
and sanitary condition, and a show case
full of tobacco goods and smokers sup-
plies. The bar and the stack of case
goods behind it will surely catch the eye
of all who visit this place, and it is one
of the finest the writer has ever been priv-
ileged to see. The case goods stock alone
is worth more than the average saloon is
in its entirety. This is the only White
bar in the city which also adds exclusive-
ness to its history This saloon has both
private and public booths, tables and
chairs, and is one of the finest places we
know of to spend an hour or two when
in good company. No loud or boisterous
conduct is allowed on the part of any of
its patrons, and none but the best people
of the city are to be found there, as it
does not cater to any but the best class
of whites. Gentlemen are received with
courtesy, but others must keep out, and
care is taken to give the best attention.
This factor has had much to do with its
popularity, as has also Mr. Gardner's in-
terest in public affairs, which when tend-
ing to the city's good receive his uncon-
ditional support.

The above company has been located
here for the past five years, and in that
time has come to be known as one of our
leading roofing, tinning, plumbing, cor-
nice working, steam and hot air heating
and gas fitting firms, and the many large
public and private buildings, residences,
etc., which have their name on their fin-
ishing lists is a sure proof of the excel-
lence of their work and the great satis-
faction which they have always given
their patrons. The location at 433 East
Bay street is one of the best in the city,
and the work shop is equipped with all
the latest and most modern appliances
and machinery for a work of this char-
acter. Mr. S. G. Bouis has been in this
same line of work for the past thirty
years, although in this city but five.

The saloons of this city have always
been in a class by themselves, and it
seems almost useless to mention the West
End Saloon, as this establishment has
been here for the past thirty-one years.
and has in that time come to be one of
the most popular and well appointed
houses in this city, but that outsiders
may know how well we are appointed in
these lines we will give a short and con-
eise history of its business life. The sa-
loon at the present time is under the
management of Mr. D. M. Knight & Co..
who took it over some few months ago,
and who have refitted and built up the in-
terior, repainted and refinished it in such
a manner that we doubt if its old patrons
would know it were they to enter sud-
denly. The stock of liquors has been in-
creased and is one of the finest to be
found anywhere in the city at the present
time. Five men are employed in addition
to the owners being active in the work,
and no pains are spared to make this
house one of the most popular in this city.
Everything in the line of liquors will be
found here, and the management only de-
mands one thing from their patrons
good conduct, as is becoming the high
class patronage, this firm has always had.
Mr. D. M. Knight is one of the best
known liquor men in this city, and has
done much to make his calling a reputable
one here. He has installed pool and bil-
liard tables, and allows nothing to get the
least bit out of order so that his patrons
are sure of having a good time in this

The people have always evinced a de-
sire to patronize the man who gives them
the best value for their money and this
is especially true of the grocery lines,
where absolute purity is something to be
devoutly desired, and where anything the
least bit off color may spoil a whole din-
ner. Mr. Bittjemann and Mr. Heins
have been with us for sixteen years, and
still have some of the patrons they made
in the first few years of their business
career here, which shows very plainly the
quality of goods they handle. They carry
a complete and select stock of high class
liquors, beers, family groceries, both sta-
ple and fancy, canned goods, teas, coffees,
spices, extracts, baking powders, crackers,
cigars and tobaccos and are always to be
found supplied with just what their
patrons desire. The stock is always kept
up to the highest point, and is never al-
lowed to run down in the least bit and
the interior arrangements of the store are
made to equal the stock handled. The
courteous and attentive service which is
accorded all who call, and the care that
is taken to see that they get the very
best the markets of the world are able to
afford, has had much to do with the pop-
ularity and subsequent success of this
house. Four clerks are employed to look
after their large and steadily growing
business in addition to both men being
active in the work, and a capital of
$10,000 is invested in the business. Messrs.
Rittjemann and Heins are numbered
among our prominent owners of realty.

The worth of a community's progress is
thoroughly and accurately determined by
the advancement of her business enter-
prises in all lines of commercial and in-
dustrial endeavor, but still we think it
is to the great firms who are interested
in her great commodities that we must
look for most of that thorough and solid
advancement without which no city ever
became great or remained great for any
length of time. This is especially true of
the State of Florida, and the suberb city
of Jacksonville, the gateway to the great-
est State in the Union, and we can very
reasonably think of the progress ahead
when we have firms here of the magnitude
of the Halsema-Woodeock Planing Mill,
manufacturers and retail dealers in rough
and dressed lumber, lath, mouldings, turn-
ings and band savings, door and window
frame, store, bank and office fixtures, etc.,
etc. This enormous plant is located at
the corner of 9th and Ionia streets, and
has its works stretching over an immense
plot of ground in this portion of the city.
The plant has a capacity of fifty thou-
sand feet of lumber per day, and a pay

roll amounting to five hundred dollars per
week. Fifty men are constantly employ-
ed at this firm, some of them the most ex-
pert in their various lines to be found
anywhere in the South. The owners of
the firm are Messrs. J. C0 Halsema and O.
P. Woodcock, while Mr. John H. Balster
is the active manager and one of the most
able saw mill and planing mill men to be
found anywhere in the city. The saw
mill alone over which he has sole charge
has an output of thirty thousand feet per
day, and Mr. Balster has seen to it that
the side trackage and water transporta-
tion facilities are kept in the most up-to-
date and handy condition.

Almost every form of industry which
is known in the civilized world will be
found represented here and represented in
a manner that will surprise the Eastern
or Northern visitor who would not expect
to find- some of the largest "plants and
firms of their kind in the world located
here. One such firm is the Lester Clay
Company. This firm handles Fullers
earth, a special form of clay and earth
which is used by the oil men to refine both
mineral and vegetable oil, and is found in
this State and in Georgia in great quan-
tities. The mines and plant of the above
company are to be found at Attapulgus
Ga.. while they have branch offices at
Valdosta. Ga., and general office at Jack-
sonville, Fla. The officers of the company
are Messrs. W. J. Kelly, president; Geo.
L. Drew, vice president, both located here;
J. R. Walker, vice president, in Valdosta,
and J. H. Burroughs, secretary and tress-
urer here. The company was chartered in
February, having bought out the firm
which was operating the above plant and
mines, and ever since their establishment
here they have been making extensive im-
provements and changes in the equipment
that has made it possible for them to
increase the output to 40-00 tons in
10 hours. Twenty men are employed,
this being a business which requires qual-
ity of help rather than quantity, and one
but the most experienced in handling
Fullers earth can hope to bold a position
with this establishment. The offers are
men well known in many business walks
of life and have always held a high position
wherever they have been known for their
sterling business principles and the up-
right manner in which they have treated
all who have had dealings with them.
Their business has spread al over the
country and their goods are to be found
in demand wherever Fullers earth is used,
as it is known to be the best that time,
money and brains can produce.

It is the manufacturing industries of a
city which form its strongest features,
and much of the advance which this city
has had in the past few years has been
due to the influence which this charter
of establishment has had. One of the
largest and most modern milling estab-
lishments to be found anywhere in the
country is known as The Cumberland &
Liberty Mills Company, and is located
with its warehouse and offis in Jackson-
ville. Fla. They manufacture all kinds
of flour, grits, meal and mill feed, and
their plant at Nashville, Tena., is one of
the most modernly equipped and high
class in the annals of business there. The
officers of the company are Messrs. E. M.
Kelly, president; E C. Andrews, vice
president; T. A. Jones, secretary, and E.
B. Walker, treasurer. This makes it a
very strong company, and one which is
well balanced in every detail of the work.
Mr. Walker, the treasurer, is also the
active manager of this office, and has
shown himself as being one of our moat
able business managers. The business
was established here in 1802, and employs
in all fifteen men, including the o*fce
force. Their warehouse is to be found on
the A. C. L Ry. No. 5 sad No. 9, aMd
is very large and commodious in every
particular. The capacity of the mill is
five thousand barrels of flour, and two
thousand barrels of grits and meals every
twenty-four hours. They have full water
and track facilities for handling their
goods, and a large business ia being built
up in the surrounding Statea, where their
goods have come to be known a of very
high quality, and which are overed in a

thorough manner by their traveling men.
Taken all in all,this mill has exerted a
wonderful influence on the surrounding
country and has always been looked on as
one of our strongest manufacturing con-

While this firm has only been in lusi-
ness a little more than a year, they have
added much to the contracting firms ct
the city, and have shown themselves to be
foremost men in their line. This com-
pany pays special attention to heavy
work, such as installing engines and heavy
machinery, moving safes, setting smoke
stacks, steel ertetions and rigging of all
kinds. They are successors to the Ham-
matt Contracting Company, which was
so well known here for a number of years,
and have since then carried on the busi-
ness in a modern and up-to-date manner.
They are well located with a very large
number of teams, and employing compe-
tent men. Mr. John B. Allen, the presi-
dent, is a well known man in his busi-
ness, and deserves much credit for the
position which the firm holds at the pres-
ent time.
Their office is located at Room 20 Liv-
ingston Buliding, and estimates on all
character of work are cheerfully furnish-
ed. Jobs of any size are handled with
care and acencuracy, and the speed with
which long jobs are finished up has much
to do with the present high position of
the company. They have especial equip-
ment for heavy work, and are thus en-
abled to handle jobs of any kind with
speed and accuracy.
They are also prepared to quote prices
which will be a revelation to many, as,
being especially prepared for work of
this elass, they are able to do it for much
less than the average contractor would
like for the work.
Mr. Allen is well known in this city,
and is to be found behind all movements
which tend to immigration into the State,
as he has always said that such move-
ments are worthy the support of all cit-
izens of Jacksonville.

The power which music has had over
the spirits of the world, both modern and
ancient, has been one of the greatest in-
finences which mankind has record of, and
as far back as history's pages run we
have the sound of music, for battles, for
the worship of gods and the God, for
scenes of festivity and for the home, and
it is not only the modern man and woman
who make a practical god out of a mu-
sician, the ancients did the same thing.
The Ludden & Bates S. M. H. has been
located in the South for the past 37 years,
and during that time their business has
increased until at the present time they
are doing a business of $175,000 per an-
num in Jacksonville. Eighteen salesmen
are kept constantly on the road cove-ing
all the territory around this city which
is now their Florida headquarters. Mr.
R. E. Wells, the manager, ias been wiLh
the firm for two years. A fine stock of
Chickering, Behr Bros. & Co's. Weber.
Mathushek. and other well known makes
of pianos are handled as well as one of
the best selections of sheet music to be
found in this house and all the late and
popular pieces can be had at a moment's

Owing to the recent agitation of frei:lht
rates, great attention has been attracted
to Savannah as a desirable business loca-
tion. For instance, in the shoe business,
nearly fifty per cent of the entire shoe
trade for the South pases through Sa-
vannah, and the inland jobbers and manu-
facturers are thnu compelled to pay water
rates to there and then rail rates to their
warehouses, besides the expense of trans-
ferring from the boats to the cars.
The Rosenheim Shoe Comg4ny, who
manufacture the celebrated Hub Shoe,
showed great wisdom in locating at Sa-
vannah. They save at least two freight
rates: their warehouses are back of the
docks and all necessary is to unload the
boats into their store rooms. They offset
quite a big saving here, and have an ad-
vantage oer their inland cmpetits, for


they can afford to put this money into In addition to their usual wholesale
the quality of their shoes. drug business, the Southern Drug Mann-
It is said that this concern has made facturing Company put out a line of their
greater strides and progress than any other own medicines and are large manufae-
house in the South, and their wonderful turers of commissary goods, flavoring ex-
growth is no doubt due to their advan- tracts, bluing and vinegar, and supply
tageous location and low freight rates. most of the wholesale houses of the state
Other lines in Savannah, and some of the with these articles. Their long experience
other seaports, have also shown the bene- in the manufacture of these goods and
fit of this saving in freights, and the the quality they have been putting out,
closeness in every line of merchandise have made them well and favorably known
now-a-days is drawn down to such a point in every part of the state. In the whole-
that the advantage of water rates cuts sale drug line they solicit the drug trade,
quite a figure in the competitive bidding and have a very large and steadily mncreas-
for trade. This. no doubt, accounts large- ing business with the druggists. In their
ly for the general agitation of freight manufacturing department they sell
rates, which in all probability has ema- through the wholesale grocers and naval
nated froni some inland point where the stores houses, and also direct to commisa-
keen edge of competition has been felt.- ries and general stores, their business ex-
From Atlanta Journal, March 22. tending through the entire State of Flor-
ida and Southern Georgia. This Com-
MARCUS CONAIT UIWDETAE R. pany is well equipped to take care of any-
One of the best known undertakers in thing in their line that you desire, and
the state of Florida is Mr. Marcus Conant, we wold recommend our readers that if
the subject of this sketch and we may well they need anything in the drug line to
consider ourselves favored in having this write for prices. They have just issued
gentleman located here. Mr. Conant has a complete. up to date, handsome price
the following equipment for a work of this list. which is one of the most perfect of
nature. Finest chapel in the state, mod- its kind ever issued; for a reference book
en embalming and finishing rooms, ambu- this is very valuable to all dealers of
lance service. owning two of the three am- drugs and medicines, and we would sug-
htlances in the city, elegant show rooms, est that vou wrote to them to mail you
a large stock including everything neces- one of these price lists.
sary for a work of this nature. Mr. Co- Thev are State distributing agents for
nant has been with-us two years and ha Vimalt. Metto, oca-Cola, Cleveland Fruit
four experienced men working for him in Juices and So Water Supplies. Their
addition to a lady assistant. Two flavoring extracts have stood the test of
hearses and four wagons for general work time, and are used in nearly every family
hearses and four wagons for general workI in the state.
are operated in addition to the above in the state.
equipment. Mr. Conant is a man of tact Pyne's Chill Tonic, manufactured by the
and skill and also has the hman -f ttSouthern Drug Company, is well known
and skill and also has the human sym- and the best anti-malarial tonic on the
path without which an undertaker cn and the best anti-malarial tonic on the
never hope to make a success of his work. market. This company by pluk, energy
and up to date methods has established
THE ] D & DOUR8 WCO y. itself in the commercial world as a bus-
iness success. it has won customers and
The year 1898 saw the establishment of held them by prompt business like meth-
the above firm as Jno S Bond & Co., ods and fair dealings. It ranks among the
while they were incorporated under the best wholesale houses of the city of Jack-
laws of the state of Florida in 1903 as onville
The Bond and Bours Co., with John S.
Bond. president, treasurer and general ROLAD WOODWAR, CONSULTING
manager, and Jas. B Bors as viee-presi- OLAD WOOD CONSLT G
dent and secretary. At the annual meet- ENGIN eR.
ing in January. 106, Mr. Cecil Wilcox In connection with the building improv-
was elected vie-president, Mr. Jas. A. in and laying otf land for municipal,
railway end tther purposes, there is a
Bours. secretary, and Mr. John S. Bond, railway and other purposes there is a
president. treasurer and general manager.for the skillful and ex-
The firm originally started in to do bus- nert services of thoroughly competent
ine-s in a verve small way and has in- C vil Enmneers and Survreyors. and in
creas i n a very small way and has pr- Jacksonville this interest is especially well
creased from time to time until at pres- represented bv Mr. Roland Woodward. who
Pen we deubt if the-e is any name better .eented hv Mr. Roland Woodward, who
kn,,wn in the hardware line than that of is engaged in general practice as Civil
The Bond and Rours Company. This firm and Consulting Engineer.
is now latd at No. 10 West Bay street The experience Mr. Woodward has had
"-lere they have one of the largest and in his chosen profession covers a long
firet lines of wholesale and retail hard- period -f years and during all of this time.
ware I-oth light and heavy, sash. doors which i 25 or more years, he has been
and blinds to he found anywhere in the! adding to his store of knowledge every-
city and where they have traveling men thinc pertaining to his profession that he
covering the entire State of Florida from could in anyway utie. This has paced
end to end and from side to side. Their him in a position to render service of a
dealing with their patrons has been such most valuable nature to his clients.
as to win for them the entire esteem and Tn the construction of large undertak-
confidence of the buying population of ings and improvements. Mr. Woodward
Flokrida and all their work has shown their ets as consulting engineer and superin-
F dtendent of onstruction. e takes hold
eminent desire to do the best for them- tendent of constretion. He takes hold
selve. their patrons and their city. Por- of any sort of development work. munici-
tions of Southern aGeorgia are al.so o- ntl'survevs. sewer and water works, street
ePed and thin firm bids fair to spread in railway work. steel bridges, docks and
-erv and usefulness as the years go by. warehouses. government work and in fact
The stock holders of the company member anvthine nrtaining to the office of Civil
many of the most prominent profession- and Cnsulting Engineer.
al and business men in the city of Jack- Plans and specifications of residences
sonville. The wholesale business is made and other undertaking will e furnished
their specialty and they are manufactur- unon request.
ers' agents for al lines of goods. There possibly is not another engineer
;n this section of the country who has
SOUTHERN DRUG MANUFACTURING made as many city. county and sub-divis-
iOMPAN nn maps as has Mr. Woodward. He has
made maps and plots of many towns in
The Southern Drug Manufacturing Co.. the State of Florida and his store of
established in Il96. incorporated in 1901. is knowledge relative to the state is very
the oldest wholesale drug house in the large, and he also has on file in his office
state of Florida. Having started in a plats of nearly every county and city in
-mall way. they have from time to time the State.
increased their capital until now they Mr. Woodward keeps a competent corps
rank as the strongest and best wholesale of enrin-rs employed all the time and his
and manufacturing drua business of the office oemnies the third floor of the Board
South. They carry a full line of drugs, of Trae BRniMine.
chemicals. pharmaceuticals. patents and Mr. Woodward is also vice-president of
drnm snndries: employ four traveling the TTlf Million Club. an organization
salesmen. and have a large working force which has for its unn-ose the promoting
;- their establishment. corner Forsyth and and development of Duval county by the
Jefferson streets. Jacksonville, Pla. construction of hard roads, thereby mak-
The officers of this company are I. T. ine the lands adjacent to the roads more
ligney. president and manager, R. V. valuable and accessible, this idea would
Covington. vice-president; W. C. Yelser, alsq have a tendency to hold the tourists
secretary. in Jacksonville a greater length of time

Jacksonville has for the past few years
been known as the metropolis of the naval
stores belt. it being the chief trading point
and the chief factorage point for the Flor-
ida and South Georgia naval stores busi-
ness. A great many of the old established
factorage houses that for years made their
headquarters at Savannah, established
branch offices in Jacksonville. Some of
these offices subsequently became the
general offices of the companies.
The pioneers of the naval stores factor-
ge business were Peacock. Hunt & West
companyy, of Savannah, a company known
far and near throughout the naval stores
belt. as one of the most reliable of them
all. the members of the firm being naval
stores men not only in the factorage hus-
'ness but in the producing end as well.
The successors of the Peacock, Hunt &
West Company is the West-Flvnn & Har-
ris Company. and it is of this company
*he Record desires in this connection to
-nake especial mention. The West-Flynn
t Harris Company is a naval stores factor-
-ee house in which all of the members are
practical producers, and their interests
therefore. are closely allied with the pro-
,lucing interests.
The officers of this company are J. W
West. president. B. M. Flynn. John E
'Tarris and W. J. Kelly, vice-president, H.
r'. Richmond, secretary-treasurer, and W.
R. Williams, assistant secretary and tress-
urer. Their general offices are in the West

ery wel-wisner o tne m urem or Jaeso-
vile should patronize. The company is
composed of Messrs. Doier and Gay, two
of our best known business men, and me
who have shown their eminent ftnes for
the position in which they are located, and
who have always served the interests of
their city in every way they could. This
firm is located at 22 Eat Bay steet
where they have a large and eommodios
alesroom, and where they are always
ready and willing to aid their patres in
selecting all manner of goods for their use.
their long and varied experience aiding
them in their selections. There are also a
number of competent and courteous lerha
always on hand to serve patroC in a
prompt and reliable manner. Special ear
is taken to see that all their goods ae
sold on merit, and produced on honor, and
their plant is equipped with the most mod-
ern and up-to-date machinery, employs the
most skilled men and handles and ae
nothing but the very best raw materials to
he had in the extensive markets of the
world. This position this firm has held
here is one which could hardly be over
estimated and it is a great pleasure to
speak of two such affable business men as
Messrs. Dozier and Gay. Their word is
their bond and their guarantee and is as
good as gold to all who have had any
dealings with them in either a business or
personal manner. They stand by their
spoken and written contracts in every in-
stance and have never ft*i their lrons.
or eents.

than they now remain, as it would open. building, Jacksonville, where they hav
up long drives for them in their automo- handsome and commodious quarters for
biles, and it is estimated that if this line the transaction of their business They
of improvements were made that the have warehouses and earry a complete li
tourists would leave enough money in of naval stores supplies at Jacksoville,
the county in a couple of seasons to Savannah and Tampa.
more than pay lor const-ucting the roads. Their customers comprise the leading
operators throughout Georgia and Florid,
ATLANTIC NAVAL STORES COMPANY. and they receive consignments -from the
The proximity of the naval stores sup- naval stores operators at both their Ba-
ply source to Jacksonville has been a po- vannah and Jacksonville houses.
tent factor in the development of this Their industrial enterprises in all see-
industry in our city, and some of the larg- tions of South Georgia and all of Flori-
est commission firms in the world are to da, are well known. Messrs. Flym aad
be found located with their head offices in Harriss are active officers and managers
this portion of the country, and large of the firm, and give their entire pers- al
branches at least in the state of Florida. attention to the same. They, and al their
One such company is The Atlantic Naval associates, are men who stand high i the
Stores Company which is located with naval stores industry, and the frm com-
offices and warehouses in Savannah, Ga, mands a liberal, well-deserved and growing
Fernandina, Fla., and Jacksonville, Fla., patronage.
where the office has been established since
January, 1906. This firm is capitalized at BETTELIIIS HOTEL.
fifty thousand ($50,000) dollars, with an One of the most popular and perhaps
almost unlimited credit behind them, and best known caterers to travelig ad r-
does a business of several million dollars ident public in this city is Mr tten
per year, chiefly as said before, in the whom we have taken the liberty of mak-
commission and export lines. This firm ng the subject of this sket This ge-
has control of some of the finest pieces tleman has been here for forty yers is
of turpentine and rosin property to be the saloon and hotel business sad fqo
found in the state and have under their years ago built the house he oeupies at
contracts many more such pieces of prop- the present time with special reference to
ert which gives them a supply of their th lines of work he intended it for. The
goods which is second to that of no other hotel is operated on the European plan
company, and places them in the very fine and bein directly opposite the depot at
position to afford their patrons, who are 1035 West Bay street is in a very e
to be found in all the ivilied countries position o eaer to the tansient trade
of the world exceptional advantages in this of the city. t is also near the vari
line. The officers of this company are churches and theatres and care run past
Messrs. R. H. Paul, president; A. W.the door every five minutes to all pr-
Krauss, first vice-president and general tions of the city and suburbs. Mr. Bette-
manager; H. E. Pritchett, second vice- lini has spared neither time nor money in
president; H. Elson, treasurer, and P. D. fitting this house up in the very be
Cassidy, secretary. style and the character of his pakmo a
Mr. Krauss, the first vice-president and has shown that the people realize this and
general manager, is one of the very best even the most critical are satisfied whe
known naval stores men in the country, they have sat down to one of this gentle-
and has lived his life in just the line of man's fine.meals. The bar on the first
work in which he is engaged. His ideas floors is one of the best to be found ay-
and methods are followed and copied by where in the city and the stock ofl uo
most of the large naval stores companies includes everything a thirst may a for.
in the world. He it is who made Jack- Rooms may be had from twsty-ive set
sonville and Fernandina the export points, a day up, and Mr. Bettelii operates one
and his name it is, which is the best of the finest restaurants to be found in
known and most highly thought of when the city with meals from the modest sau
the business of exporting naval stores is tet-e et uto
mentioned. The other members of the visitor cares to pay. Mr. Bettelini is sole
firm are men of sound business judgent agent for Duffey's Malt Whiskey, the
most famoRs of its tind is O.m 8 ad
and their handling of the finaneil end of st famous is kind in the word, and
the business has had much to do with the a whiskey that is excell by nose for
success of the venture. That it has been elth-giving qualities No less than thi-
a success a recapitulation of the figures ty-five men are employed in this e t
will more than show. establishment including Mr. Win. Seller,
X50.000 capital. $3,000,000 annual busi- the manager, one of our best known bus-
ness. mless men.
Mr. R. H. Paul, the president of this DOZIER AND GAY, PAI S, OILS,
company, is one of Florida's most prom- WALL PAPER.
inent men in financial circles--being con- This firm is one of the best known paint
nected with one of the largest lumber dlrms in the country and make all the
companies in the South. beside numerous r.aints and oils they sell, thus being o
other enterprises over the entire state. ,f our home industries, sad ne which ev-
_f Lt -# ? ---


We wish to call attention in.these pages
to the location of a new industry nere,
that of the southern Hardwood Mloor Uo.,
which has been located here but three
months and has yet in that short space ot
time gained suca an enviable reputation
tor high class and modern work, that it
has now thousands of dollars worth ot
work ahead.
his company is the only one of its
kind, not only in the city and state, but
the only one south of Atlanta.
The large offices and sample room to
be found at 214 Duval building will give
a better idea than can we of the magni-
ieant work this firm is doing here, some of
the largest and best public buildings and
private residences in this city, have had
their floors, and Venetian blinds and fly
screens installed by this company.
a description ot the manner in which
this work is done would be too intricate
and long for tins article, yet suffice it to
say that it will appeal to ah wuen ex-
* played by the agreeable president aint
manager, Ar. William Jackson. Mr. Jack-
son has had many years experience in this
class ot work, having established agencies
throughout the United States, usnada
and liarope, and his work here has
stamped him as being an able business
man of the highest character. The com-
pany will incorporate under the state laws
in a little while, and are now contemplat-
ing building a large warehouse, where they
can keep a larger supply of stock on hanu.
The company will also be in a short while
in a position to furnish anything out of
their stock, in the Hardwood House trim
line, including stock sizes of hardwood
doors and sash.
All their flooring is hardwood, polished,
hollow backed, end matched, bored and
bundled. Their thin parquetry flooring is
laid in different designs, right over old
flooring, without any inconvenience to the
occupant of the house, whatever. Wood
carpets furnished and laid by them is
quite a novelty in this section of the
Their skilled workmen are here with
them from the north and they guarantee
all their work and stock to be in highest
standard of excellence.
A specialty is made of their little
Giant Floor Scrapers, which are manufac-
tured by the Hurley Machine Co., of
New York, Chicago and San Francisco, and
it is very amusing to catch hold of the
handle of one which they have on a sample
platform in their show room, and by pull-
ing the machine toward you, take off a
shaving about three inches wide, and three
feet long, off hard maple and quartered
We also understand their large Electric
Floor Surfacer is quite a marvel in the
floor surfacing line.
Special attention is called to their Vic-
toria Venetian blinds andn fly screens.
The samples carried by this firm will show
the methods of laying aAd finishing the
most beautiful designs of hardwood floor-
ing, that is possible for modern genius to
Mr. Jackson comes highly recommended
from his business associates both in New
York ind Chicago, where he has been in
business for years.
Their beautiful ornamental flooring is
manufactured by the Bostwick Goodell
Co., of Norwalk, Ohio, and their parquet-
S ry flooring from the Wood Mosaic Floor-
ing Co., of Rochester, N. Y., while their
beautiful white maple flooring comes from
the heart of Michigan.
We cannot recommend this firm too
highly, and it will well repay all who
care for comfort and elegance to call a1
their office and show rooms and see for
themselves how fine is their work and how
reasonable their prices on all kinds of
hardwood flooring.
Mr. Jackson is a most courteous and af
fable gentleman, and never tires explaining
his work to all who care to become in-

One of the largest naval stores factorage
houses in the turpentine belt, and cer
thinly one of the oldest and best known
is J. P. Williams Company, with general
offices at Savannah, Ga., and- branch of-
fees at Jacksonville, Fla., and Pensacola,
FI. Conmignments of naval stores are re-

ceived at all of these points, and a com-
petent manager is located at each of the
houses of the company. The senior mem-
ber ot this firm, J. P. Williams, is well
known as one of the most prominent
linanciers and general business men in the
southern states. He is a pioneer in the na-
val stores business and is largely inter-
ested an the factorage business, but has
large interests, also in the producing end,
and there is a close fellowship between the
producer and this factorage house. The
arm has a large number of stockholders
who are active operators, and its cus-
tomers compose some of the largest pro-
ducers of rosin and turpentine in the yel-
low pine belt.
The Jacksonville house is in direct
charge of Mr. H. W. Clark, and it could
not be in more competent hands. Mr.
Clark is a naval stores man to the manner
born, having served years in the business
ind being familiar with its every detail,
both in the tactorage office and in the
lhe Pensacola branch of the house is in
direct charge of Mr. T. A. Jennings, well
known throughout Florida as one of the
,.ost prominent citizens of the state, and
who is today prominently mentioned for
governor of the State. J. P. Williams
Company do a general factorage business
in naval stores, and also deal in all kinds
of naval stores supplies, wholesale, groce-
ries, etc., at each of their branch houses,
in addition to their general house in Sa-
Every official of the company stands
high in the naval stores world, and no
man could have done more for the general
development of the southeast than J. P.
Williams, and no naval stores factorage
house is better known.

Florida probably consumes more shoes
than any other Southern state, and the
Jos. Rosenheim Shoe Co., Savannah, sup-
plies more shoes in Florida than any other
shoe manufacturer.
This concern studies local conditions,
and being manufacturers, make the exact
shoes that are best suited for different
sections of the country. Therefore, the
shoes they sell in Florida could rightly
be called klorida shoes.
Their careful attention to such details
as connected with low freight rates,
prompt shipments, and a complete line of
shoes for this trade is responsible for their
wonderful business. They make the cel-
ebrated "Hub" shoe and have shipped sev-
eral solid carloads recently of this partic-
ular brand.
There is no time when the Jos. Rosen-
heim Shoe Co., are not prepared to ship,
filling orders on the same day the order
is received.

Fruit and vegetable growing for market
is one of the greatest industries in Flori-
da, the tropical climate enabling grow-
ers to put their produce on the market
earlier in the year than any other state in
the Union. This industry has made a
large demand for fruit and vegetable
packages, in which the products are ship-
ped all over the United States and to
foreign markets.
E. Bean & Son Company, under the
firm name of E. Bean, has been engaged
in distributing fruit and vegetable pack-
ages for nearly half a century. Mr. E.
Bean is the man who did so much for fruit
shippers in this state by introducing the
Standard orange box. Since Mr. E. Bean's
tleath, the concern has been incorporated
under the laws of Florida under the firm
name of E. Bean & Son Company. As
the fruit and vegetable industry has
grown, so has the business of this firm
until now they handle several million
fruit and vegetable packages annually,
being the largest dealers in their line in
the Southeastern part of the United
States. In addition to fruit and vegetable
mukages, this concern handles practically
everything used in the packing and ship-
sin of fruits and vegetables, such as pa-
ent cement coated crate and box nails,
,lain and fancy wrapping papers for
wrapping oranges, pineapples, tomatoes,
'ggplants, etc.
The warehouse is one of the largest to
be found on the river front, having two
side tracks which enable them to handle

their goods with the speed and accuracy Hutchinson Audit Company which is lo-
for which the firm has become noted. cated in the Dyal-Upehurch building, where
Mr. Frank Cartmel, secretary-treasurer they have been for the past five years,
and manager of the company has been in having been in other parts of the ei.y
the business for many years and is one of for twenty years before that. Some of
the best posted men in the country in the largest accounts of turpentine and
his line and it is due to his good work that lumber men in this city and the surround-
we have such a fine establishment as this ing country are kept by them and ten ex-
in our midst, pert accountants are kept busily at work
This firm has always employed a large on books of large companies all the time.
number of laborers and high priced as- Municipal accounting is also made one of
sistants and is therefore much interested their specialties and cities will find it to
in the determined effort which this state their benefit to have their books looked
is making for immigration, all movements over every so often by this firm. The
with this in mind being liberally support- officers of the company are Messrs. Thos.
ed by them. G. Hutchinson, President, C. P. A, and
fellow of American Association of Public
Accountants, David H. Doig, Vice-Presi-
dent, General Counsel, Alfa M. Hutchin-
son, Sec.-Treas., and John A. Hansbrough,
C. P. A., manager of Tampa Office. They
examine, audit. open and close, write up
and design systems of books, install pub-
lic officials in their 'work, advise trus-
tees, handle bank accounts, etc., etc. The
work which this firm does here is enor-
mous and in addition is so aeurate and
promptly done that it is no wonder that
they are working day and night on books
all the time, as they are until their work
is finished up. They are one of the most
sterling bodies of men in principle to be
found in this city and anyone who em-
ploys them is sure of having any of his
secrets guarded in the most careful man-
ner, no confidential matters being turned
over to assistants. An expert accountant
soon learns that he can't 4alk. Mr. Hutch-
inson, the president of this firm is one of
the best known accountants in the coun-
try and has always stood high in the an-
nals of business trades, commercial houses
Capt. C. E. Garner, President Jacksonvillestries.
Board of Trade.

Mr. W. K. Cook, the proprietor of the
above house, is one of our best known
transfer and livery men and the accommo-
dations he has been furnishing our people
in the past eight years have never been
excelled by those of any man who has
handled baggage and passengers in this
line here. Mr. Cook has has many years
experience in this line of work that have
enabled him to cater to the high-class pat-
ronage he has enjoyed and the fact he has
eighty horses busy all the time in the
transfer business and moves all kinds of
goods from the depots, from the wharfs
and to and from various locations in the
city shows the up-to-date and modern ae-
conmmodations he has been able to furnish
the people of this city. Mr. Cook gives
special attention to having his wagons on
time being careful not to keep his patrons
waiting even for a few minutes. He has
so many in his stables that you are sure
to find one waiting for hurry calls, etc.
The passenger service is also well handled
and twenty surreys are used in the public
service, Mr. Cook is compelled to em-
ploy no less than fifty men to handle this
enormous business and his payroll
amounts to $14,000 per annum, this show-
ing "the high character of the workmen
he finds employment for. Six special
transfer wagons are operated as well as
landaus, broughams ,runabouts, surreys,
etc. Mr. B. S. Catlett, the largest mule
dealer in the State, makes Mr. Cooks
stables his headquarters. Mr. Cook has
recently moved into the modern Palace
Horse Hotel at the corner of West Adams
and Clay streets, a large and commodious
building two stories high; with one hun-
dred and fifty stalls and all the latest and
most up-to-date equipment for a work of
this nature. Mr. Cook is the only trans-
fer man who has special privileges in the
terminal depot, and also runs omnibuses
for the principal hotels of the city.

A periodical audit shows whether the
work on the books is being kept up or
not, it prevents costly errors and defalca-
tion and tells you where you stand finan-
eially. It will prevent carelessness on the
part of the clerks as'they realize that all
errors will be found by the audit man,
and save trouble and expense in the long
run. Such work is best dome by the

*Messrs. R. Knauer and H. Trepper
bought out Mr. William Knauer one year
ago. Mr. Wm. Knauer had been in busi-
ness for twenty years and when this pres-
ent firm bought him out they not only
kept his large stock and good will but
added to the former and increased the lat-
ter until at the present day they stand as
a high example of retailers of staple and
fancy groceries, wines, ales, whiskies,
beers, confectionery and cigars. They are
located at the corner of Davis and Adams
streets, where they occupy a large kcnuble
store, one-half of which is devoted to the
liquor business and one-half to the groe-
cry department. The stock of goods they
handle is one of the largest and best in
the city and special pains are taken to see
that the stock is kept up to the highest
state at all times so their patrons are
assured against their running out of any
of the standard commodities. The firm is
capitalized at ten thousand dollars, and
five men are employed, in addition to
Messrs. Knauer and Trepper being active
in the work. The interior of their house
is always kept in the most neat and
cleanly condition, special pains being ta-
ken to see that the furnishings are such
as to win the patronage of the high-class
and critical trade of the city. Both gen-
tlemen are native Germens and have that
steady and ruthless courage which com-
pels them to push forward through all
discouragements and losses to the one final
end; more business.

For four years Mr. W. V. Kirby, the
manager and owner of the above furniture
house has bee n known as being one of
our leading retail dealers and the reputa-
tion he has built up for himself has been
second to that of no other man in busi-
ness here. Mr. Kirby has been located in
large and comprehensive quarters at 72l
West Bay street for the past three years
and a half, in which time be has been
compelled to employ no less than fourteen
men to handle his immense trade. Mr.
Kirby handles in the Jacksonville Furni-
ture Company the best stock of furniture
of all kinds that is to be found in this
city, such as matting, furniture and house-
hold goods, fine stoves, Buck's ranges, etc.
Goods may be bought on the installment
plan at a smaller rate of interest than in
moat stores and Mr. Kirby's generosity
and liberality towards his patrons has
been the means of welding his customers
to him. Two foors are occupied with his


good, and among them will be found the
products of the Rome Furniture and Lum-
ber Co. and the Edgefield and Nashville
Manfg. Co.

For three years and a half the above-
mentioned gentleman has been affording
our people the very best aw--I**-**ir
in the cement, building brick, block, co g
and sidewalk tiling line and has always
has had many years experience in this lie
highest methods of treatment of operator,
whom he has come in contact. Mr. Trout
held the esteem and respect of all with
of work and the quality of his productions
and fnisled work here has been suc as
to win for him almost more work than he
can handle, and he has been ocmpelled to
employ twenty men to aid him in carry-
ing out the work which has grown from a
very small beginning to be the largest of
its character in Jacksonville. The pay-
roll of these twenty men amounts to 260
per week, which shows the character of
help he has to have in his business, and
Mr. Trout has quite a little capital in-
vested in his plant and office. Ile oefe
is to be found at the corner of Eighth and
onia streetsand the works are also lo-
cated in this same quarter of the city.
Mr. Trout is the sole owner and manager
and all the credit for the remarkabl
success this plant has had since its install-
ment here is due solely to his experience,
ability and hard work.

The growing manufacturing industries
of all kinds, naval stores factors and oth-
er commercial enterprises, make this prt
one of the most important in the waold
to-day, and if there was nothing here but
the pine tree with its spirits of turpen-
tine, rosin, rosin oil, pitch, etc, there
would still be a large field here for the
manufacturers, the handler of naval stores,
commissary goods and other product
which have to do with the pine tree.
Without any doubt one of the largest
companies in the world today in the
naval stores business is The A ican
Naval stores Company, the recognized
leader in this commercial enterprise, ad
one tt hat s always stood for all the
handler and buyer. The officers of the
company are Messrs. X. S. Nash, presi-
dent; S. P. Shooter, chairman of the Board
of Directors; J. F. C. Myers, vice-prei-
dent; G. M. Boardman, treasurer; C. J.
DeLach, secretary. They handle all their
goods on a mammoth scale and export an
enormous quantity of turpentine, etc,
every year. They have branches in New
York, Chicago, Philadelphia, St. loaU
Cincinnati, Loae ville, Wilmington, Jack-
sonville, Brunswick, Fernandina, Tampa,
Pensacola, Mobile, Gulfport and New Or-
leans. The men who for this company
are numbered among the oldest and moat
able business men in the country, and have
been handling naval stores for years. They
are among the first to support all move-
ments which may tend to the future and
ultimate good of the city in which they
have branch, and their aid in the opening
up of this country has been inestimable.
Iou can say with perfect truth that were
it not for this company this country would
never have opened up as soon as it has
and the advancement that we have had
in the past few years would be impossible.
The entire State owes this company a
debt of gratitude for the character of the
work they have done here and it has not
been slow to pay it, as they have been
given all the aid that the State could give
them in carrying on their work, which
partly explains taeir wonderful growth
heie. They have worked for the State
and the State has naturally worked for
them and the natural inference would be
that their interests are indelibly inter.
twined and such is the case. In other
words they are inimicable.

The growing naval stores, lumber and
general commercial relations of this city
have been such in the past few years that
no one who is unprejudiced can doubt that
the future will be bright for this city, and
that she will soon be numbered in the
hundred thousand class. Among the pria-
cipal industries of this State, we wish to
dwell a few minutes on the lumber eom-

panies which are to be found here,
some of which are numbered among the
largest in the country. One such firm is
the Eppinger & Russell Company, who
handle the lumber in its finished form ex-
cusively, buying sad selling in carload
lots, and who have leased space on every
dock in the city in addition to side-track-
age all over the yards of the principal rail-
roads. This firm has control of some of
the finest outputs of lumber to be found
in this State, and that is saying a great
deal. They make a specialty of Yellow
Pine Lumber, the lumber that made Flor-
ida famous among the great lumber pro-
ducing countries of the world, which bids
fair to place her in a class of her own
before many years have passed, and are
represented in the South by Mr. G. D.
Gay, resident agent. This firm has head
otces in New York City.

Mr. A. A. Geiger, the subject of this
sketch, bought the above house nine
months ago and has since then been doing
a very large business in staple and fancy
groceries, hay, grain, produce, liquors, ci-
gars and tobaccoes, and is now located at
ihe corner of Adams and Jefferson streets
where he has one of the largest and most
amply equipped and stocked houses of his
kind to be found anywhere in the city and
where he now employs four clerks in addi-
tion to being active in the business him-
self, so great has been the demand for his
goods among those people who consider
quality paramount. Mr. Geiger does a
regular business in retailing liquors, and
handles nothing but the very best goods
the markets of the world can furnish. A
capital of $8,000 is invested in his busi-
ness and many improvements have been
made to the stock and location by Mr.
Geiger in the time he has been with us.
"ie has shown himself a man of great
business ability and the progressive and
up-to-date methods that he has employed
in the dealings he has had with an exact-
ing and critical patronage have had much
to do with the large increase his trade
has known in the past nine months. Mr.
Geiger has had many years' experience in
catering to a high-class patronage and
this more than any other thing has been
responsible for the growth of his business
All orders over phone 1827 are handled in
a prompt and satisfactory manner, the
same care and attention being paid them
tat personal calls receive.

Anyone passing along Bay street near
22-30 cannot help but be attracted by the
elegant show windows of the above men-
tioned company. This firm is known as
the largest and most enterprising firm of
this city in the line of goods which they

are handling, and their stock will be found
to be complete in every sense of the word.
They have in their store a large selection
of crockery, glass and chinaware, wood
and willowware, tinware, furniture and
furnishings for the home and building of
every sort, and a complete line of all the
odds and ends which are to be found in a
house of this character which has to have
everything which is of any particular use
in a house of any size or in a hotel.
This firm was founded here some thirty
years ago by Mr. Raymond D. Knight,
the present president, the other officers of
the company being C. H. Barnes, vice-
president, and C. Finley Knight, secre-
tary and treasurer. Thirty people find
employment in their store, and in addi-
tion to the four floors which are entirely
stocked with their goods, a large ware-
house will be found on the next two floors
where their excess stock of goods is kept,
thus assuring their patrons that they will
always be able to find what they are
looking for in this house. Wholesale and
retail are both handled and three men
are always on the road covering the en-
tire States of Florida and South Georgia
with their line of goods, which is well re-
ceived wherever it is shown. The stock
comes from the leading makers of the
world, and has no equal in quality or low
price. This firm has so increased their
stock and business that it has doubled in
the past two years, which reflects great
credit on the men who are operating it
and on the future of Jacksonville, which
is able to support a firm of this size.

Pointer Maryland Rye Whiskey, Green
River Whiskey, "The Whiskey without a
Headache," Walter Baker's Rye, and
Dawson's N. C. Corn Whiskey. The Pride
of North Carolina Corn Whiskey is made
their leader in the corn whiskies and is so
well known that it requires hardly more
than a mere mention at our hands. White
Stone Lithia Water and Apolinaris are
also handled and the good results to be
derived from an extended use of these
waters are known all over the civilized
world. A simple list of the goods this
firm handles would cover more space than
we are allowed to allot them, but suffee
it to say that a complete list of corn,
rye and Scotch whiskies, Irish whiskies,
brandies, cocktails, bitters, rums, liquers
and cordials, sherries, ports, Rhine wines,
Madeira, Burgundies, Clarets, Sauternes,
sweet wines, ale, bottled beers, ginger
ales and club sodas, champagne, including
all the well known and popular brands,
mineral waters, etc., are always to be had
at this house. Eight men are employed
and the growth of the business has ex-
tended it over the entire State, an im-
mense mail order business being carried
on. Mr. Strasburger has always shown
himself a man of public spirit and is
among the first to support all movements
that tend in any way to add materially to
the future wealth and prosperity of our
community and State.


There is no Life Insurance Company
which has been more closely identified
DAWSON AMD COMPANY. with the interests of this State than the
The advance which has been so notice- New York Life Insurance Company, which
able in all lines of work here has been has over thirty agents throughout the
such as to win for this city a very promi- State in addition to Mr. Charles A. Wil-
nent position among the great cities of the son, the Agency Director for Florida. The
South Atlantic Coast, and especially has Jacksonville branch will be discontinued
this been true of the wholesale and retail after April the first and the agents will
liquor business, this having been consum- be operated by Mr. Wilson in person, the
mated on the methods of the most modern company not intending to withdraw from
and up-to-date business. We wish to this State, but merely desiring to make
make special mention of the part that their organization more flexible here than
Dawson & Company have played here in it is at the present time. The total as-
the thirty-five years this firm has been, sets of the company amount to $475/00,-
located here. Mr. W. B. Dawson was one 000, which makes it the strongest life in-
of our most prominent retail liquor deal-' surance company in the world as it has
era, and Mr. A. C. Strasburger, the present always been known as the most honorable
sole proprietor of the firm, he having and liberal in its methods, being strictly
bought out Mr. Dawson's interest in the mutual, there being no capital stock in the
business a year ago, brought strength company. Mr. Charles A. Wilson, the
and progress to the spirit of the estab- resident representative, is a gentleman
lishment. Mr. Strasburger has made his who has been with us for many years, and
influence felt in the liquor lines of Jack- who has shown himself one of our best
sonville and has done much from time to and most able insurance writers, and di-
time to make this business a most reputa- rectors.
ble one, and one of the highest standing.
This firm is located in a large building at 0. PIERRE HAVERS.
119 West Bay Street, where they handle he at n
a most complete stock at all times. The art of the photographer is one of
Among their specialties might well be the mot difficult of attainment and one
mentioned such goods as James Everard's which few people can succeed well in.
New York Beers, Bismarck Bottled Beers, One gentleman in this city who has al-
ways kept strictly up-to-date in all his
work and who has shown himself a well
trained and able photographer is Mr. O.
Pierre Havens, who is located at 117 West
Bay street, where he has been for many
years, although his entire practice in
this city reaches the inspiring total of
twenty years. During the time this gen-
tleman has been with us he has done so
well that he has now five assistants in ad-
dition to being always on hand himself to
see that everything is finished up in the
latest and most high-class manner. His
patronage takes in all the best people of
this city and the work which he has done
here has been satisfactory to them in ev-
ery way. This studio has come to be
known as "The Studio" of this city. Mr.
Havens has all the latest and most modern
aceesories for a work of this kind, inelud-
ing several kinds of machines for the tak-
ing of various photos.

Residence Mrs. I. Voreabmr, is E. Dval.

We dare say that all who read these
pages will agree with us when we state
that there is no real estate firm in this
city better known than that of J. C. Gree-
ley & Son, this firm having been located
heic some forty-one years ago by Mr. J.
C. Greeley, whose son has since grown up
and found his way into the business with
his father. Mr. Greeley, Sr., has had fifty-
four years residence here, in which time
he has been enabled to gain great experi-
ence in the realty lines and it is safe to


may that there i no man in this State
who has a better grasp of the essential
points of the various portions of the State
than Mr. Greeley. Greeley & Son handle
a full and complete line of farm, timber,
turpentine, grazing, and truck farm lands
have suburban city property, business and
factory locations, mill sites, etc. They
also look after rentals, and the property
of those who are compelled to be away
from the city on business. Their offices
are to be found located at 117 West For-
syth, roo 27 d 28. We think no one
can do better than call on these gentlemen
if in the market for locations here as they
are in a position to give them the best se-
lection and the most sterling represen-

In this day of fine clothing a man must
have a degree of skill in tailoring which
the older tailor never found necessary for
his work, and must be able to cut any
kind of a suit with equal facility, either
long or short coats, either box or fitted
waists, and large or small trousers for the
styles are more conducive to comfort now
than ever before and the average man
wishes his clothing to fit loosely and yet
well, and this is not easily accomplished
unless the tailor has had a great many
years' experience in this line. When you
say experience you refer directly to Mr.
Alex Hedengren, who has been with us for
the past seventeen years and in that time
has catered to the best made in
this city. He is located at 10 West For-
syth, where he has a very fine place, beau-
tifully furnished Clothing is made up
according to the latest New York styles
and all cutting is done on the John J.
Mitchell Catting System, the recognized
standard of the world for high class cloth-
There is already a great call in the
South for carriages and wagons of all
kinds, and the large firms of the North
have found this a very desirable field for
their labors. The only carriage works in
this city which is of any importance in
the general trade and which has come to
be known as quite a factor in the compe-
tition throughout the carriage industry
here is the Southern Carriage Shop, which
is located on Clay street, between Hor-
syth and Bay streets, where they have
been for a number of years and where
they have one of the most complete plants
for the manufacture of all kinds of car-
riages, buggies, wagons, trucks, drays,
etc. to be found in this portion of the
country. Nothing but the best of mate-
rials enters into the finished product, and
only the most skilled employes are to be
found in their plant. The firm has filled
a large position here for some time and
Mr. L. F. Clayton, the manager, has come
to be known as one of our leading busi-
ne men.

Jacksonville is well represented in all
lines of commercial and industrial work,
but there is none which has had a great-
er influence on the advancement of this
city than the real estate men, who have
always been known as being among our
most able and energetic men, and who
have certainly handled the realty values
of this State and city in a manner which
betrays their eminent fitness for their po-
sition. The firm which is operated by
the above mentioned gentleman is one of
the most progressive and enterprising in
the realty lines in this State, having been
here for 30 years, and we have it to
thank for much of the advance in realty
values which has been felt by this city
and surrounding country in the past few
years. Mr. Kinne is located at 12 West
Forsyth street, where he has been for a
number of years.
He has under his control residence and
business properties, factory and mill
sites, and does a general work of renting
and fire insurance, and looking after the
property of those who are out of the city
for the time being.

Among those firms which we have, who
handle the manufacture products and are
therefore to be classed with the manu-
facturers, as the factories are generally in

distant cities, and it -is the business of
these men whom we derive our profit
from, there is no firm which is better
known or which has a higher standing in
the community than the Gress Manufac-
turing Company, who are not only manu-
facturers of yellow pine lumber, but who
also buy and sell in the open market.
They were formerly known as the Ocala
Pine Company, but were incorporated Feb-
ruary 1, 1907, under the present name,
which was given to the firm in October,
1906. This establishment has a large of-
fice in Jacksonville, also Tifton, Ga.; Hat-
tissburg, Miss., and New York City. They
do a very large business, and their men
are to be found in all portions of the
country where the raw products which
they handle can be procured. While the
business is strictly wholesale, or selling in
large lots, their name is well known
among all the builders and contractors of
this portion of the State. The members
of the firm are Mr. M. V. Gress, presi-
dent, and A. L Lignon, secretary and
treasurer. This firm owns some very val-
uable lands in this State and Georgia, and
has such a supply of lumber that they are
enabled to meet all the demands of the
market on a moment's notice. The local
office has always stood high here in a
financial way, and has been recognized as
being one of our principal firms.

Mr. Carl Schevitz, the well known and
old established shoe repairer, sample shoe
man and shoemaker, is located in large
and commodious quarters at 216-218 West
Bay street, where he has been for the
past eighteen years, and where he has
come to be known as being one of the
leading business men of this city. He
makes a specialty of sample shoes, shoes
built to measure and repairing of all
kinds, employing six experienced men in
addition to being active in the business
himself, in order to handle the enormous
trade he has built up for himself. Mr.
Schevitz is a gentleman who has spent
many years in this line of work here and
has always shown his inherent ability and
intrinsic value to the community in which
he is at present located. We can say
nothing more in his favor than that the
leading business men and most critical
class of people in this city are to be found
in his list of patrons.

This popular house has always been
known as being one of the very best in
this city, and the pains which have been
taken with its interior fittings have been
such as to win for this gentleman the
entire praise and esteem of all who have
had dealings with him. Mr. W. J. Wood,
the proprietor of the house, has had many
years experience in this line of work, and
the natural ability which he has always
had as a caterer to high class patronage
has been developed by this experience un-
til we dare say that all will agree with
us when we say that there is no firm in
this city that has had as much to do with
the exceptional accommodations which are
afforded our people in the liquor lines than
Mr. Wood's house. Mr. Wood always has
on hand a fine and up-to-date stock of all
the latest and most popular liquors, ales,
wines, whiskies, brandies, bottled and
draught beers, cordials and bitters, and
his courteous treatment and good fellow-
ship to all who have called on him, have
had much to do with the position which
he holds here at the present time. Mr.
Woods has the only place to go, for gen-
tlemen, as he allows no drunkeness, or
disorderly conduct about his house, and
all who call on him are affably received
only so long as they act as gentlemen
should. The interior arrangements which
we have mentioned above have lung
been known as being very fine, and the
plate glass mirrors, tiled foors, hard wood
bar and fine glasses, all have had much
to do with the present popularity of the
house. Mr. Woods came here from Atlan-
ta, where he learned his business.

This locality offers splendid opportuni-
ties for development in any line of work.
and the progress which has been made
hereby the leading business men, mer-
chants and operators of factories and mill

has been such that even the most skepti-
cal must allow that this city has one of
the brightest futures of any to be found
in the country. Charles Blum & Com-
pany have been handling wholesale and
retail liquors here for a good many years,
and have built up a large and satisfactory
trade not only in this city, but also in
the country surrounding it where they
travel men. They are located in one of
the largest structures devoted to a work
of this nature in our city, and the quality
of the goods which they handle is con-
ceded to be the very best by all good
judges of liquors. Beers, such as Pabst
Brewing Company's products, Lewis 6i
whiskey, and other equally whil known
brands are all to be found here, and the
shipping and receiving facilities are the
best which can be found in the city. A
capital of $75,000 is invested in this busi-
ness and the pay roll of the eighteen
men who are employed in the business
amounts to $10,000 per year. Totalling
the business will prove that something
over $350,000 per annum is done. The
members of the firm are Messrs. Charles
Blum and Jacob Blum, brothers, and both
gentlemen have had a long and varied ex-
perience in handling liquors. They have
done much to place the liquor business
here on a stable basis.

The equipment and appliances which
are being used in the hotel#, banks, offices
and stores of this city are such as to in-
cite the admiration of all who have be-
held them and it is no more than fair
that we should say a word or two about
the firm which has made a specialty of
this kind of work in the time they have
been located here, and who are now occu-
pying five stores at 20-28 Julia street, cor-
ner of Forsyth, where they handle every-
thing used in any store, such as market,
store, bank and office fixtures. They are
sole agents for the following well known
companies: C. V. Hill & Co.'s, butcher
coolers; Belding-Hall Manufacturing
Company, and Cooper & McKee, residence
refrigerators; Yawman Erbe Manufactur-
ing Company, filing cabinets; Herring-
Hall-Marvin Safe Company, Quincy Show
Case Works, Standard Scale and Supply
Company, Troemner Scales, and Walker
Patent Pivoted Bin Company. They have
been located here for the pst eight years
and have three traveling salesmen, who
are covering the entire territory adjacent
to this State. They also have a large
warehouse at 409 West Forsyth, and
manufacturing plant at Julia and Forsyth
streets. They also make a specialty of
office furniture. The stock can always be
depended on to be equal to any demands
which may be made on it, as it is one of
the heaviest handled anywhere in the
South, and the list of names above men-
tioned will give the reader a good idea of
the quality of goods which they handle.
The proprietors of the establishment are
Messrs. D. R. Louderback and W. D. Mil-
ler, two of our best known and most
highly thought of business men.

The demand which there is in this por-
tion of the country for good harness is
something wonderful, and yet when the
South's fondness for horse flesh is taken
into consideration it is not so surprising
as would at fist seem to be the case.
Among the purveyors to this demand we
have the Duval Harness Company, which
is located at 217 West Forsyth street,
where they make a specialty of fine hand-
made harness, although they also handle
other grades which are not hand-made.
and which can be had for a much more
reasonable price. Harness, saddles, lap
robes, bridles, collars and horse goods of
all kinds are manufactured and handled
by this firm and all who have patronized
them speak in the most glowing terms of
the quality of their goods and the sterling
business courtesy with which they have
been treated. All special orders are fin-
ished up in a wonderfully short time, and
in the four years they have been. among
us a great many such orders have been
finished up for the critical people of our
city. Mr. John H. Ek, the manager and
owner of this business, is active in the
work himself thus assuring his patrons
that they will receive the most'atisfac-

tory work at all times and that they will
be accorded the most attentive treatment.
Mr. Ek is a maker of harness and also a
manufacturing agent, and has some of
the finest lines to be had in this city at
his disposal. He came to this country
some twenty years ago and has since iden-
tified himself with all the movements
which have gone on around him for her
material advancement.

Safes. locks, burglar proof vaults and
jail work have always been looked on as
being things which could be improved by
proper methods, but it was not until the
Diebold safes, vaults, jail work, etc., were
put on the market that this commodity
seemed to have reached its highest point
of perfection. The Diebold Safe and Lock
Company have a reputation throughout
the civilized world which is second to
that of no other firm in the same line
and we may congratulate ourselves on the
fact that we have one of their representa-
tives here in the above company, which
has been with us for the past six years,
although they have had an office in Tam-
pa, Fla., for twenty-two years. This firm
controls the entire output of the above
safe and lock company for States of Flor-
ida and Georgia, and the number of banks,
counting houses, private and public of-
fices, residences ,etc., which they have
equipped with their goods is legion. Also
in jails. Many of the jails throughout
tue entire State of Georgia owe their
safety and strength to the fact that their
equipment was installed by this company.
The officers of the company are Messrs.
John S. Franz, president; John F. Franz,
secretary, and Girard R. Franz, manager.

Today the man with money can find in
Florida large tracts of land which double
in value within the next year or so. The
land of the entire State could a short time
ago have been bought for a song, and yet
now the values are as high as those of
any State in the Union, that is, of course,
in the matter of timber, farm and graz-
ing lands. The values of land in the busi-
ness section of Jacksonville have always
been known for their steady rise and
these are also going up all the time, so
that a man who bought a large tract near
the business portion of the city ten years
ago or more is now worth a great deal of
money. Mr. Chas. A. Cheatham has made
some of the most notable sales which have
ever been pulled off here. One of them
was the fifty lots which he sold with
frontage on the river, which have tripled
in price since sold; another was the resi-
dence portion along the river where the
boulevard and drive were being built.
These two samples will more than suffice
to show the ability of this gentleman to
pick the bargains in the real estate lines,
and to let people know with what sterling
honor his sales are represented. Mr.
Cheatham is an Elk and member of the
Board of Trade.

The accommodations which are every-
where offered our people in all lines are
of high class character and have proven
very acceptable to all who have had occa-
sion to try them, but none more so than
the People's Bar, which is located at 26
Bridge street, where Mr. John Price has
been alone for the last eight months,
having bought out his partner, Mr. Gid-
dens. This elegant and high class estab-
lishment is one of those which is consid-
ered of the first order in this community,
and is equipped with the most admirable
appointments in every way, the ;ar,
flooring, furniture and wall cases being
especially fine in their quality. The class
of liquors which is to be found here is
of the very best, and the stock is select-
ed so as to give a very wide range in all
the lines which are handled, as ales,
wines, porters, whiskies, beers, cordials,
etc., etc. The case goods are especially
worthy of note, there being no finer selec-
tion of these popular goods to be found
anywhere in the city than here. Three
men are employed to handle the long list
of steady patrons whom this gentleman
has brought to his house through his ad-
mirable handling of their wants, and a
special colored department is kept in the


rear, quite separate from the remainder of
the establishment. A pool room, while
not operated by this gentleman, is very
handy at the rear of the saloon, and has
afforded his patrons the utmost accommo-
dations i this lie.

The houses of call are numerous and
well patronized in this city, but we think
that none are more justly popular than
the one known as Henry's Place, and
which is operated by Mr. Henry Free, at
the corner of Bay and Clay streets. The
interior furniture and equipment stamp
this house as being the best of its kind
in the community, and the large and grat-
ifying trade which this gentleman has
built up for himself has been the means
of extending his business far beyond the
scope generally cover. by a house of this
character. Mr. Free is carrying on both
a wholesale and retail business and his
mail order work is so large that his es-
tablishment has received the name of be-
ing the only up-to-date mail order house
in the South. Mr. Free has been with us
for ten years, and has in that time done
much to make his business.the reputable
one which it is at the present time. He
has always insisted on his guests and his
eight employes being very courteous and
gentlemanly in their conduct, and the nat-
ural result has been that his house has
come to be known as a resort for gentle-
men. The stock of goods which he handles
in the retail line is only exceeded by
that which he handles as a wholesaler,
and the quality of both is as high as the
markets of the world can afford. Im-
ported and domestic cigars and tobaccos
are also handled,.and a free lunch is serv-
ed at all hours of the day. Mr. Free is
also operating a bottling establishment,
and his leading brand is "My Choice,"
which is too well known to require more
than a mere mention at our hands. The
neat condition in which his place is always
kept and the extreme care which is taken
of all orders, both personal and through
the mail, has made this business what
it is. This house is well known in all the
southern territory which is traveled by
one of Mr. Free's men.

The manufacturers of this country are
its salvation and up-builders of solid trade
and steady industrial lines, and it is to
them that we must look for the future ot
our city. Among the notable factories
that have been located here in the past
twenty years none takes precednece over
the Chapman Carriage Factory, which first
saw the light of business competition
some eighteen years ago and .has since
more than doubled in size and in the
amount of goods produced. They are
manufacturers, agents and dealers in wag-
ons, buggies, harness, whips, laprobes, and
do blacksmithing, general repairing, and
put on rubber tires of all kinds. Carriage
and wagon materials are always to be
found on hand fur their work, and no
pains are spared in the attempt to give
their patrons the very best accommoda-
tions for their money that can be found
in this city. How well they have suceed-
ed has been shown time and again in the
fine work and difficult jobs they have car-
ried on in a satisfactory manner. Know-
ing the road in the portion of the eoun-
try and being thoroughly familiar with
the work which their goods will be put t
they have managed to build wagons and
carriages that will stand up with any on
toe market and yet which are light and
of easy traction in the yielding sands of
this country. Intrinsic merit marks all
their goods, anm the following have been
the most potent factors in their sueeess.
Sterling business principles, honest work-
manship, the best of raw materials and
the highest class help that could be em-
ployed for a work of this nature. From
twelve to twenty men are employed and
the pay roll amounts to almost $300 per
week. Their plant is located at the cor-
ner of Main and Church streets.

Florida has a larger area than New
York State.

SJacksonville, Florida, is 984 miles from
New York City.

Greetings From the Mayor of Jacksonville

Editor of Industrial Record:
Having just learned that you are about
to issue an edition of some 50,000 copies
descriptive of Florida, giving its advan-
tages, agricultural, manufacturing and
otherwise, I beg permission to add a word
in endorsement of the work that you have
undertaken for the state and our city.
Having lived 36 years in the state, 1
have studied to a very great extent its
agricultural, mechanical and manufactur-
ing advantages, and feel sure that there
is no state in this Union that offers such
a field for profitable investment of capi-
tal and reward to the laborer as the state
of Florida.
The manufacturing interests have hard-
ly yet been opened and are still in their
infancy. There are openings, not only in
the manufacturing of textile fabrics, but
in the field and the forest. There is today
an opening for a factory in the preparing
of our wood and timber for manufacturing
purposes. The great gulf hammock of
Florida, containing some 360,000 acres of
land, has the various woods, such as oak,
cherry, red bay (called Florida mahoga-
ny), cedar, juniper, magnolia and many
others that are used by the different man-
ufacturers in the United States.
A bent-wood factory established in
Jacksonville could draw upon this section
and furnish the various articles manufac-
tured in that line to various consumers
in the country.
The agricultural interests of our state
are varied and present themselves to the
agriculturist in so many phases that in
this space it would not afford me oppor-
tunity to dwell upon them at length. The
soil is susceptible of producing all profit-
able farm products, including those spe-
cialties of tobacco, cassava, indigo, jute,
secil and products of that character which
are produced largely in the West Indies.
Her fruit industry is greatly increasing;

her oranges the finest m the world; her
peaches of a superior quality, and in the
western part of the state, they are suc-
cessfully raising apples, and it is not in
the mind of man to conceive the possibili-
ties that can be realized from the soil in
this state.
The city of Jacksonville, of which 1
have the honor to be chief executive, be-
ing the great gateway of the state, the
largest in point of population, the richest
in banking capital, the strongest in com-
mercial interests, almost daily increasing
in its manufactures, offers superior induce-
ments to the capitalist and to the home-
seeker. Our city is rapidly growing, all
branches of commerce and commercial in-
terests being profitably operated. We are
today a seaport town, and soon will have
36-feet of water to our docks. The pro-
ducts of our city appeal to farm and fac-
tory and are finding markets in all parts
of the United States and many of the
markets of the world. At our docks may
be seen the flags of various nations upon
large ships that are loading for foreign
markets, as well as many that are loading
for home markets.
I say in all candor that there is no
place in our state (and especially a city)
that offers so great inducements for hon-
est, thrifty, painstaking settlers as the
city of Jacksonville, an there is no city
in the State that will offer greater induce-
ments to capital or will return it a great-
er percentage upon the amount invested
in the various enterprises that can be
engaged in in the State than the city of
I urge upon all who contemplate seek-
ing homes in a growing city like Jackson-
ville, or a state like Florida, to come and
investigate and study thoroughly the re-
sources of our state and our city.
Mayor of Jacksonville.

The trend of every form of business and
industrial effort has been toward a larger
and greater business life. This is true of
the railroads which are building and using
larger ars and engines all the time; it is
true of the freighters and passenger boats
which are steadily growing to meet the
demands of the public for increased carry-
ing capacity and speed; it is true of every
form of mercantile life, but especially so
of all which cater to the great carrying
trade, either on the land or the sea.
Therefore, it is not remarkable that the
firm above mentioned which handles
freight cargoes of all kinds to and from
ships and cars, disbursing, discharging
booking and handling in all ways should
have grown steadily with the larger port
facilities. They now employ from fifty
to one hundred men and have all the latest
and most modern machinery for loading
and discharging cargoes of every descrip-
tion. They have regular cargo contracts
with some of the largest shippers and re-
ceivers of freight and cargo loads in this
portion of the world. They are also regu-
lar ship and freight brokers, and are
agents on this side of the water for al-
most all the large foreign ships coming
to anchor in our harbors.

This gentleman has been supplying our
people with the best of fuels in a whole-
sale and retail way for the past few years
and has shown in that time that his long
and varied experience in a work of this
nature has not been thrown away and
that he knows how to handle the large
and steadily growing patronage which has
been his in the time he has been with us.
He has fourteen teams steadily at work
and thirty-five men on the average which
will show the large business he has built
up here for himself. All orders over
phone 1650 or delivered in person at his
yards at the foot of Newnan street will
receive the utmost epre and attention and
all his patrons are absolutely satisfied
with the treatment they have received.
Mr. Starbuck is one of our most able
business men and a gentleman of the high-
est personal integrity and sterling honor
in business dealings.

One of the best known rms of its kind
in the South is The Florida Cooperage
Company, which is located on the out-
skirts of our city and which is the only
real cooperage firm in the State. They
make a specialty of turpentine, cotton-
seed oil, dip and syrup barrels and have
always had a large and steadily incress-
ing market for their goods. The officers
of the company are W. I Wilson, presi-
dent and Treasurer; John E Harris, vice-
president, and G. J. Scovil, secretary and
manager. These men are well known as
practical business men and also have had
a long and varied experience in the ine
of work in which they are now engaged,
which has enabled them to eater to the
wants of their particular line of work,
a line which is radically different from
that demanded of any other cooperage fac-
tory in the country. The clam of work re.
quired from this firm is more technical, as
turpentine and syrup barrels of this con-
try must be of a special pattern to meet
the demands of the producers of these
commodities. These things had to be all
planned by the officers of this firm before
thy filled any orders. The plant is large
and modern and employs from one hun-
dred to one hundred and fifty men. It is
located on the sidetracks of one of our
principal railroads and has every conven-
ience for a work of this nature. Their
goods are known all over the country for
excellence, as the firm is known for relia-
bility and speed in shipments. The posi-
tion they have filled here in enabling our
producers of the world's best turpentine to
always have accommodations at hand for
the shipment of their goods cannot be

It is not enough that man should labor
all day and then merely rest in the even-
ings, it is absolutely necessary that he
-should have some form of diversion which
shall change his thoughts from the chan-
nels of the day and leave the cares of



business behind him for the hour at least, and is in a very fine position to under-
Tis feature of man's existence has been stand just how the question should be set-
recognied by the above company with the tied.
result that they have established on the
other side of the St. Johns River from AMERICAN FIBER COMPANY.
Jacksonville one of the finest parks to be W. W. Cleaveland, President and Man-
found anywhere in the country. The price ager.
of admission is only 10 cents, and the L- B. Wootton, Secretary and Treasurer.
ferryage across the river but 5 cents each We mention The American Fiber Co,
way, making it inexpensive as well as at- than which there is not a better or more
tractive. The ride across the beautiful modern industrial establishment to be
St. Johns is worth all the time and ex- found anywhere in the United States. This
pense of going to the park alone, as in is the largest plant of the kind in the
the cool of the evening after a hard day's world, and usese the most modern ma-
work, it puts a person in a position where chinery. This firm is capitalized at
he can rest easily and comfortably all $100,000.00, and has a yearly pay roll of
night and forget that there is such a t $'.,g $25.000.00. They have employed at their
as worry. The interio- of the park is mills, and throughout the state at their
also very handsome, and is gotten up in various camps, over 200 people. Their
the very best style, having all forms of mill men are well paid, as their business
amusement, such as the scenic railroad, is run mostly on the piece plan, they find-
picture galleries, shooting galleries, merry- ing this much better than by day labor,
go-rounds, giant swings, and lovely walks where it is possible to do it. Most of their
and grounds where a person can spend the men have been in training for 15 years
evening very pleasantly. The grounds and are experts. They manufacture ev-
cover thirty acres and cost many thou- erything in the fiber line that is made
sands of dollars. It has eleven hundred from the cabbage palmetto and also the
feet frontage on the river which insures saw palmetto. There is hardly a house in
its being cool and breezy even in the the United States but where their pro-
warmest days of summer. The theater ducts are represented in the shape of a
alone cost some thirty-five thousand dol- scrubbing brush, horse brush, brooms, etc.
lars, and has all the best attractions of They are not manufacturers of brushes
the year, those which are generally to be but the material that makes brushes.
found in only the largest cities. The seat- Their material finds its way in to a great
ing capacity is 1,00, and the largest stage many of the largest and finest buildings
in the city is here. The admittance de- in this country, in the way of plaster
pends on the popularity and class of the fiber and plaster boards, this is what they
play which is being produced. There are call Florida wooL It is used for plastering
two pavilions for refreshment, a dance purposes and also for fine upholstering.
hall, superb electrical fountain, with all Next comes a by-product called imitation
the colors of the rainbow. In fact it has cocoanut fiber. This is also used for plas-
been said to be a regular Coney Island tering purposes and upholstering. At-
on a slightly smaller scale. The tached to their plant they have an excel-
theater opened up with DeWolf Hopper, sior mill, which furnishes excelsior for the
which shows the class of shows and peo- wholesale trade, used in the packing and
pie who patronize them in this Electric mattress trade, and for packing of fancy
city. fruit. The moss department: This is no
Only white people are admitted to small enterprise itself, and the volume of
the park, and all objectionable characters business is enormous. The greatest trouble
or parties who have over-indulged are they have is getting raw material. This
not permitted to pass the gates, or even moss is used throughout the country in
cross the river at all. No intoxicants are the manufacture of carriages, automobiles
sold on the grounds, nothing but innoxious and upholstering. This mill referred to is
soft drinks. The ferry system is prompt on the terminal tracks, occupying about
and efficient and always to be found work- 5 acres. Their downtown wareroom is
ing steadily and rapidly. There is no located on Beaver, Davis and Union streets
wait for the regular ferry, as several gas- and their general office is also located in
oine launches of large size are kept to this block. Here they handle the rude
handle the excess crowds who have not drug trade. They make a specialty of
canght the regular boat, which runs every vanilla leaf (deer tongue), Queen's De-
five minutes. light. Blue Flag, Prickly Ash Bark and
Berries, Water Melon Seed, Star Grass,
Cherry Bark, Palmetto Berries, of which
THE LAUNDRY. they are the largest gatherers in the
The part which the steam laundry has world, bags and ice picks.

played in the annals of washing in this
and other countries has been something
marvelous. and it behooves us to mention
one firm that has been here for some time
and has always held the highest reputa.
tion for good work and careful attention
to the requirements of their large and
ed at 23-25 East Adams street, where
there has been a steam laundry since the
memory of the oldest inhabitant of this
city extends. Mr. E. S. Paine is the pres-
critical patronage. The Laundry is loeat-
eat owner and manager of this location and
the laundry he has installed here is one
of the finest to be found in the city.
Special attention is given to fine work and
this is al the easier on the part of the
owner and proprietor of this house on ac-
count of the good equipment he has for a
work of this nature and the care and at-
tention he has always been impelled to
g give his work. All the latest and most
modern machinery and appliances for a
work of this nature will be found here
and twenty-five experienced employes are
kept constantly busy with the work of the
laundry. Special attention is paid to ho-
tel, restaurant and boarding house work,
and also to large private residences, and
this together with the transient trade this
gentleman picks up at all times, has made
his patronage one of the largest in the
city. But it is not the size of the laun-
dry that puts it in the first place in our
city. It is the quality of the work they
have been doing for our traveling and
resident public. Mr. Paine has been with
us for two years. and has always shown
himself one of the most able men to be
found in the laundry work in this city.
Mr. Paine was born in South Georgia
and has had a great deal of practical ex-
perience with the labor of the southland,

Jacksonville by reason of her fine com-
mercial advantages, her industrial resour-
ces, her manufacturing possibilities and
her fine location in the State may well
be taken as being the leading city of
Florida, and it is no more than right that
we should mention among her resources
the many firms, both commercial, mercan-

tile and industrial who have comprised
her large and growing population and fi-
nancial strength for many years The fact
of the city possessing unexcelled facilities
in distribution has made it an ideal loca-
tion for the establishment of every form
of legitimate business, and has sed had
much to do with the large and steady
growth which has blessed this community
since the fire of 1901. Like a new Phoenix
rising from the ashes, she has '* vered
herself with added glory, and wita renew-
ed fame has come to be looked on as the
metropolis of the Southern Atlantic Coast.
Such a city must have help, such a coun-
try must have labor and a high class of
help and labor at theet. We need men of
strength and skill in the lumber and tur-
pentine camps, in the stills and foundries,
on the roads and the railroads, on the
docks and in our ships. We need them to
build our factories, to operate our mills,
in fact we need them for every form of
commercial, mercantile and industrial en-
deavor known to mankind. We need mus-
cle, and we need brains; and in many in-
stances we need a valuable combination of
the two. The houses of our people need
servants of all kinds, our hotels need wai-
ters and waitresses. Our larger stores
need high-class help in salesmanship lines
and clerks to handle their counter goods.
In fact this city and this State need la-
bor of all kinds, whether mental or physi-
cal. Until the establishment of the above
company this question of labor was one
which had vexed and troubled the wisest
heads of our Southern country. It had
called for decrees of Legislature, for laws,
for a vast expenditure of time, labor and
money on the part of our leading citizens,
and had kept the brains of our people
troubled through many yards. With the
establishment of the Florida Help Supply
Company all this has changed. We need
no more worry about help of any charac-
ter or of any degree of skill. They stand
ready, with their firm incorporated and re-
liable, to handle all our wants in this line
and will stand behind each person they
send out, and will stand good for their
giving absolute satisfaction in any posi-
tion in which they are located. This is
the only incorporated labor supply com-
pany in Florida, and great credit is due
them for the strong stand they have taken
against incompetent labor. They want the
best and they want their patrons to have
the best, and they have always furnished
the best, with the natural result that all
business men or housewives, who have
tried them, are loud in their praise of the
manner in which their wants have been
met by this up-to-date and high-class
company. It is not going too far to say
that they are able to furnish help for any
kind of a proposition, from the manager
of a large mill or factory down to the
office-boy who answers the bells, and from
the head waitress or chef in a hotel down
to the scullion naid who works in the
kitchen. This firm is the one firm par
excellence wl.;-h has answered by its good
work and creditalle showing the ques-
tion of where can we get workers for our

Residence of E. E. Cleaveland.

country and who have blazed the way
with strong and steady strides to a day
when this country shall be well supplied
with the brawny and clean-minded immi-
grant who knows how to work, and who
does not shirk his rightful duty because
his manager or employer is out of sight.
Mr. J. P. Couch, secretary and general
manager, is one of the best known men in
this portion of the country and the work
he has been doing since he took charge
here has stamped him as a leader among
men and a man worthy of the highest es-
teem of the entire community.

TEL. *
Another hotel which is going up in oar
city and which will afford our people the
finest accommodations in the hotel line
is the New St. James Hotel, located at the
corner of Julia and Monroe Streets, oppo-
site the Windsor Hotel, and which will be
operated by Mr. W. E. Alexander, the tried
and reliable hotel man, who is already
operating the Magnolia Hotel at 20 Cedar
Street, where he has been for many years.
A description of one hotel will adequately
fill both, as they are each new and mod-
ern in every sense of the word, the New
St. James having lately been built and
newly furnished, having all the latest and
most modern improvements such as steam
heat, running hot and cold water, gas,

W. E. Alexander, Proprietor Magoia ad
New St. James Betels.
electric lights, private baths, ete, eta., in
fact everything for the comfort of their
patrons and customers. The St. James
will be one of the most modern hotels is
the city and will well meet all deimads
which our resident and traveling public
may be able to make on it. Electric call
bells and all the latest and most up-to-
date improvements will also be found here.
Mr. W. E. Alexander is indeed to be con-
gratulated on the showing he has made
with the New Magnolia, a showing which
is adequate assurance to his many friends
and the traveling public that in the St.
James he will have a hotel which will be
second to none. Mr. Alexander's pries
are very reasonable, being from e. and
up in the New Magnolia and from 7k.
and up in the St. James per day. These
are both strictly European plan hotels,
under first-class management.

One of the old established and reliable
jewelry houses in this city is that operat-
ed by the above company who have been
located at 15 West Bay Street for the past
eleven years. Mr. Riles, however, has had
twenty-three years' practical experience in
this line of work in addition to being a
graduate of one of the finest Optical
Schools in New York, where he learned his
profession in a very fine and thorough
manner. The stock of goods comprises
everything in the watch and jewelry line,
rings, pins, precious stones, both unset
and set, diamonds, rubies, pearls, etc., etc,
brooebes, and specialties made either to
order or from odd and unique designs of
the firm. Eight men are now employed to
look after the large patronage this gen-
tleman has built up here through his care-
ful and courteous attention to all who
have given them a call. A specialty is
made of watch repairing and inspecting
and as a sample of the position this firm
holds here, we might add that they are
regularly appointed watch inspectors of
the Seaboard Air Line Ry., and the South-
ern Railway. A specialty is also made of
the optical department which is kept al-
ways stocked with a full line of goods, and
is equipped for a work of this nature in
a most high-class and modern manner.
A perfect fit in all glasses is guaranteed,
and all guarantees made by this firm are
made good. Mr. R. J. Riles was elected
secretary and treasurer of the Retail Jew-
elers' Protective Association, a poaitim
which he will lU with eat ability. A




in Palatka, from which city he comes, Mr.
Riles' home here has come to be the scene
of a quiet and cordial hospitality which
has stamped him as one of the best en-
tertainers of this city. R. J. Riles & Co
is composed of B. J. Riles, president and
treasurer; .W. H. Rowton, vice-president,
and A. G. Iavis, secretary.

While the manufacturing era may be
safely said to be now launched on the
Southern States, and especially in Florida,
still there have been frms from time to
time who have been in advance of their
era and who have shown the way to in-
creased manufacturing iflastries here by
the success which they have had in this
line of work. Chief among them is the
Nelmaur Company whose products all ap-
pear under Serial No. 2167 Pare Food and
Drug Law, and who are also manufata-
rers of the famous Hoytol Dyspepsia Med-
icine. This firm is located here ti a large
and commodious building which is thor-
oughly equipped for a work of this nature
and where all their products are put up
by men who have had special training in
t drug lines. They make a specialty
of Grocers' Drugs, Chemials, Flavoring
Extracts, etc., etc., and in the year and
a half they have been here the purity and
excellence of their products has made a
call for them allover the Southern States.
This firm is a purely home firm, being
established and operated by men whose
capital was found in this State and who
am putting their money into home enter-
prises. The officers of the company are
Messrs. Norman F. Tucker, President; Al-
fred 8. Hoyt, Secretary, and Maurice
Weintraub, Treasurer. These men are
all well known in this city and State for
their intrinsic business honesty and ster-
ling dealings with all who have come in
contact with them, and this has had much
to do with the manner in which they are
are esteemed by all who have bought their
goods. All orders are filled accurately and
promptly and mail orders receive the same
attention that is paid to personal calls.
The Board of Directors is also composed
of men whose names are equally we
known here. Theye ae: Wm.H. Bown,
of the Florida Bag Mfg. CO., 8 Lloyd
Drane, broker, and the offers of the com-
pany. The position they hold here is
unique in that they are one of the few
home drug firms in this country. They
have blazed the way to greater activity
on the part of our people in manufactur-
ing lines and have proven that Jacksonville
is a ine distributing center.

Hutto & Company can well be elased
among the leading automobile dealers of
the South. Young men in age, but old in
experience. M. C. Hutto and Claude No-
lan are today conducting a modern au-
tomobile business on the water front, just
back of Hubbard's Hardware Store, where
they do a magnificent business.
In addition to selling various makes of
automobiles, these young men conduct
a general repair shop and garage in which
they keep their customers' cars in the
bee. of condition for a reasonable cost.
This, however, is not their specialty.
They are automobile sellers, and from a
g.nce at the orders received daily from
all parts of the State, as well as in
Jacksonville, one would wonder how they
manage to control the trade so thorough-
Hutto & Company sell automobiles
that will not only travel on hard-surface
roads, but machines that have been test-
ed on the sandy roads of Florida, and
have proven beyond any doubt that they
can be operated as easily on sandy roads
as on the pavements.
To demonstrate this fact, Mr. Hutto is
now making a trip from Quincy to Jack-
sonville in a Buick Runabout, a machine
which has been in constant use for seve-
ral months in Gadsden county. This alone
should convince anyone that "the auto-
mobile can be used on any road.
Hutto & Company handle the Cadillae,
Buick, Pope-Waverly Electric, Thomas,
and Pope-Toledo, and other makes of ma-
chines suitable for travel in any part of
the btate.
'he Cadilae machine needs no intro-
duction to the people of Florida, for it is
known from Penaola to Jacksonville,

and from Jacksonville to Tampa, as a Another very wonderful machine is the
car that, to use the words of one of the one for washing bottles. All bottles,
State's largest turpentine operators, new or old, are uniformly sterilized for ten
"will go anywhere an ox-cart can travel." minutes before passing through this wash-
The Cadillac machine has been tested on er which thoroughly washes them inside
the sandy roads of the State and refer- and out, and then rinses before deliver-
ence can be given from all over the State ing to the operator.
as to their ability in pulling through the The factory now has a capacity of five
sandy roads, great reliability, simplicity carloads a week and employs a force of
of control, and extreme low price of thirty people.
maintenance. In addition to the RED ROCK, the com-
Hutto & Company's repair shop is sit- pany also manufactures HAGAN'S ROOT
uated in the heart of the city, easily BEER, LEMO-LIME, and other high-grade
reached through the arcade on Bay street specialty beverages.
between Laura and Main streets, and in
this shop they carry a full line of Auto THE TILL COMPANY.
and Launch supplies, and have the larg- There is no one firm in this city which
eat force in the State of able mechanics has had more to do with the growth of the
to repair any make of machine and guar- city in a manufacturing way than has the
antee prompt attention to all orders. Till Company, wholesale and retail candies
This firm has sold more automobiles in and ice creams. This firm is an incorpo-
. acksonville than any other firm, and rated one of $40,000 capital, and is officer-
t...s is because they handle the machines ed by Messrs. W. S. Till, President and
that are always in demand. They con- Manager, E. L. Stevenson, Vice-President,
duct a business second to none in the and John W. Dodge, Secretary and Treas-
State, or in the South. urer. They manufacture ill's Velvety
Mr. Hutto is a practical mechanic and Ice Cream, Chocolates and Bon Bona, gus-
when necessary he is on hand with his va jelly, do high class catering and bakery
overalls for work. In addition to his me- work, and have two locations, an ice cream
chanical abuity, like Mr. Nolan, he is a parlor at 27 West Bay Street, and a cafe
business man in every sense of the in the upper portion of the same building
word, and this alone is the cause of the where fine summer lunches and dinners
success of this firm. are served all the season. The office and
Hutto & Company supply Florida with factory is located at 19-21 East Bay Street
all makes of automobiles and it will pay where no less than thirty well trained
to communicate with them before plac- and experienced clerks and workmen are
ing your order with the factory, or with to be found steadily employed all the
other dealers. year round. The quality of their goods



Cleanest, Largest and Bet Equipped Bot-
tling Establishment in the Soath.


Carloads Shipped to Various Jobbing
Points in and Out of the State.

Although RED ROCK Ginger Ale is well
known to most of our readers, and doubt-
less regarded a family necessity in a great
many homes, at the same time we thought
a brief sketch of its phenomenal career
would be of interest to our many readers.

requires no mention here as it is too well
known to our people to receive more than
a few words at our hands. They have al-
way stood for al that was highest in the
manufacture of their goods, and all prod-
ucts bearing the trademark, "TPls," with
the arrow through the name, will he found
the best of their class to be found any-

As Florida, the profession of account-
ancy is one in which business men nee-
essarily take a keen interest and this fact
is well demonstrated by the recent act of
the legislature whereby a Board of Ae-
countancy was created; its purpose being
to issue to applicants whose training and
character are such as to make them re-
commendable to the public, certificates of
proficiency in accounting. Mr. Walter
Mucklow, who has been doing much to ele-

London and the National Board of Marin
Underwriters of New York and in tis
capacity his ability is highly appreciated
by all parties concerned in damage to
vessels and cargoes.
Besides conducting exmintiona ad
audits of all kinds Mr. Mucklow also taae
entire charge of the acouating depart-
ments of companies. Business men eal-
ize the great value of being able to g
their entire attention to the exemn
part of their affairs and have the aeesat-
ing matters in the hand of a profemioal
of ability and experience.
Mr. Mucklow is supported by a capable
corps of assistants and he handl the
smallest matter entrusted to him with the
same care and promptness as the moat in-
tricate work.
Mr. Mueklow's offices are at 46-47-48-4
Mutual Life Building and it is with on-
fidence and pleasure that we recommmd
him to the public.
The work of a public accountant inter-
ests the proprietor of a small bi ess
fully as much as it does a lr corpora-
tion. An accountant with a we lequlpp
office can keep the books of and prepae
periodical statements for a small comern
for a sum which would be only a frrtidn-
al amount of the salary wieh a god
bookkeeper would require.

One of the best known firms in this eity
in the plumbing supplies and ontranting
lines is that of oHoker & Ligbtbody, who
have been here for many years ad who
are now to be found in a fine and modern
location at 114 Newnan Street in the
Realty Building. Here they always hae
on hand a stock of goods which fits the
for the-finest and most ritial patr
and which has insured their being ale
to ably handle all jobs of whatever ase
which are entrusted to their eare. They
make a specialty of plumbing and ga
fitting, hot and cold water intI..Ha.i,
and fine bath and toilet fitting. Their
stock is always large and a grades of
goods will be found here from the faest
that the world produces to the more m-
dium priced lines. Mer. Hooker & Light-
body have always been known as being
two of our most able men, and pubi
spirited eitinas and their sterling bsi-
ness treatment of their various patirms
has had much todo with the high position
which they hold here at the present tim
and the large and steadily growing bi-
ness patronage which has been there.
Anyone desiring to have the best wrk
done at the lowest possible price eamnot
do better than call on these gentlemen.
A call over phone 8 will receive their
prompt care and attention.

The S. J. Melson & ompsanys stables
Share to be found at 42-43 West Adams
street, where this arm ras been fee the
past seven years, and where they ae
handling a buying, selling, liery atn
boarding stables for hores, mules, et.
This establishment has come to be known
as the Horse Hotel on account of the
modern and up-to-date seaommodationa
which they afford their patrons. Twenty-
five men are kept busy in the two stables
which this firm is operating, this one an
one on Myrtle avenue. They have oue
hundred and seventy-five stalls for Ihor
and when we state that these stalls are
nearly always full of horses and mules,
the popularity of this house can easily be
seen. The main building which they am
Afoccupying is two-story and covers la6xl
Model Factory. Iate the standard of accountancy in this feet, while the one on Myrtle avmme is
The Jacksonville plant was established state for several years, was appointed as hardly any smaller. A horse-shoeing es-
about two years ago to supply the trade chairman of the board, and it would have tablishment is also operated by them and
o oia, southern Georgia, an a por been difficult to have found a more suit- their long years in the hae business has
of Florida, Southern Georgia, and a por- able person, placed them in ater h ine ptin to
tion of South Carolina. THE RED ROCK able person. very fe position to
COMPANY has found it necessary to in- Mr. Mucklow has been actively engaged handle their horses and mules in the maut
crease its eaacity twice in this brief pe- in the profession for a number of years able manner.
riod to meet the requirements of their and the thoroughness and fairness with
rapidly growing business. This company which he has handled the matters entrust- RUBIN, THE CLOTHIER.
can now easily boast of owning and oper- ed to him have built up for him an envi- Among the leading clothing merchants
ating the cleanest. largest and best able reputation as well as a prosperous of this city we wish to call particular at-
equipped bottling plant in the South. The business. tention to the work Mr. Rubin has been
motive power is supplied by a large boil- He is constantly being employed in the doing here, together with Mr. 8. J. Keep-
er and engine. Throughout their plant is adjustment of fire losses and the results er, his partner. These two galememn
installed the most modern machinery. which he obtains are invariably satisfacto- have built up for themselves in the eight
Among the most wonderful of these ma- ry to the assured as well as the insurance months they have been with us a bus-
chines is one which places the labels on companies. inese that is second to none in the city in
the bottles. It labels 36 bottles every Also along the line of insurance, Mr. the clothing, gents furnishing, ready to
minute, putting .two labels on eaeh one Mucklow is the correspondent at Jackson- wear and tailored suits, bats and shee
with a humanlike accuracy and precision. ville for Lloyd's Underwriting Agaeny of lies Their t darling bWPi tnremted


of their patrons and the able manner in
which they have handled all trade which
has come their way has had much to do
with their great success in this work. A
specialty is made of credit system and for
a small sum down and still smaller sums
per week or month a suit may be had here,
which will give the wearer the greatest
satisfaction and wear. Both gentlemen
are well known here socially as well as
in a business way and the work they have
been accomplishing here stamps them at
once as being two of our most able bus-
iness men and public spirited citizens.
Five are employed in addition to both
members of the firm being active in the
work and the very best patronage of this
city is theirs.

In this edition on Immigration, it is no
more than appropriate that we should
mention the success which the members of
the above firm have achieved in the years
* they have been here. Mr. Joseph Zapf
came to Florida from Germany and estab-
lished the business which now bears his
name. and founded it in the solid and re-
liable manner that the German nation do
all things, as is shown by the remarkable
career it has had here. March 1st, 1907,
the firm was incorporated with an active
capital of $185,000, with Joseph Zapf,
president, Oscar Seewald, vice-president,
and J. Toensfeldt. secretary and treasu-
rer. The business is located at 610-030
West Bay Street, where it occupies one of
the finest houses devoted to a wholesale
liquor business in the South, and where
their annual sales have amounted to ov-r
$500.000. The firm is sole distributor for
the world-famous Anheuser-Buseh Brew-
ing Association's products for almost the
entire State of Florida. and are also bot-
tlers of the famous "Blue Label," Flor-
ida's Favorite Bottled Beer, operating a
complete bottling plant for this purpose.
In addition they also handle a full and
complete line of wines, ales, whiskies,
brandies, porters, corns, gins, etc., etc. In
fact everything in the liquor line both do-
mestic and foreign, will be found in their
immense stock of goods. This firm affords
employment for twenty-five men at an an-
nual salary basis of $16,000, which shows
the call they have for experienced and re-
liable workmen. Mr. Joseph Zapf is a well
wisher of the State which has done so
much for him and is enthusiastic on Immi-
gration in all its features.

The Wade & Keller Lumber Company,
while one of the later arrivals on the lum-
ber scenes of this State, has already shown
its eminent fitness to be classed among the
leaders, and has won great praise for the
able manner in which it has handled the
large and steadily growing business it has
enjoyed in the time it has been with us.
Mr. Niel G. Wade, the president, is also
the sole owner of the Wade Tie Co., lo-
cated at 204 West Bldg., while Mr. T. M.
Keller, the other member of the firm, is
one of our oldest and best known lumber
men, having had many years experience in
this line here. Their offices will be found
at 203 West Bldg., where they are ready
at a moment's notice to handle the largest
or most difficult orders in any line of lum-
ber, although a specialty is made of pine,
cypress, etc. The position this firm holds
here has been won through good work
and satisfied customers, and their ship-
ments from this port aid in the general
* total of lumber shipped to a marked ex-

Purity has become the all-important
word in all lines dealing in food stuffs,
but one firm in the retail grocery lines
here which was always known for the
purity of its goods is that of Ellis & Hus-
sey, who have been located here for the
past thirty years, which makes them the
oldest house of their kiid oi the city, as
well as the most popular. The stork
handled comprises everything in the lines
of staple and fancy groceries, canned
goods, teas, coffees, spices, extracts, veg-
etables in their season, notions and fancy
table delicacies of all kinds, both foreign
and domestic. This firm was first estab-

listed by the fathers of the men who are
now in charge of it, and some twenty
years ago the present gentlemen went into
partnership in this line. They operate
two delivery wagons for the further con-
venience of patrons, and the utmost care
and attention is paid to all orders which
are sent in over the phone. Special care
is taken to see that goods ordered are
sent home promptly and accurately, and
this has had a great deal to do with the
present large and growing patronage.
Three clerks are employed in addition to
both partners being active in the work,
and special pains are taken to see that
the store and the stock is always in a fine
condition and displays to the best ad-
Their main business is furnishing alh
the vessels, steam, sail, towboats, etc.,
with groceries and food products.


George francls Transfer Com-


.AMAWrznce Sepojee

&*as. Clark

0 and 42 Weat .P6ytA Sheet

Janezrl "0irecto.* and &mh6ainer

PAone 186.

June 9, 1907, saw the organization of
what bids fair to become one of the larg-
est sales, livery and boarding stables in
the entire State. This company is known
as The George Francis Transfer Company,
and is a union of the George Francis Com-
pany and a successor of the McMurray and
Jacksonville Transfer Company, which was
recently bought out by Mr. J. A. McGuire,
who is now president of the new George
Francis Transfer Company. Mr. Geo.
Francis, that well known transfer and liv-
ery stable man, is the vice-president and
general manager of the firm. This com-
pany now owns the large and well ap-
pointed stables of the McMurray and Jack-
sonville Transfer Company, and also those
of the George Francis Transfer Company,
but the entire plant will soon be moved
into the former location at Newnan and
Forsyth. where they have a large two-
story brick building, 100xl00, and with
room for a large number of horses. Ian-
daus, surreys and runabouts, with careful
drivers, may be had at all hours, and in
addition one of the largest heavy hauling
businesses in the city is being carried on
by this firm. Special attention is paid to
the boarding of horses and all such receive
the care -of a large number of skilled and
experienced men. Messrs. MeGuire and
Geo. Francis have the well wishes of all
who have experienced their sterling busi-
ness treatment or who have had dealings
with them in any way. They have had
a very long and varied experience in the
work. and will undoubtedly prosper even
more fully in their new business and loca-
tion than they have in the old.

5hzeraemnei1Ie, ~3?a.


Atlantic Coast Line

Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Virginia, North

Carolina and South Carolina.

florida-East, West, North and South.

florida and West Indian Limited and New York Express.

To the West r Route and Dxi
flyer" via Atlanta
Atlantic (tast Line Mileage Books, good to all points, via all trains as far
East as Washington, and as far West as St. Louis, Cincinnati and New Orleans,
rates $25.00.
For detailed and full information regarding rates. Pullman reservations, schedules,
Call on your nearest ticket agent, or write
District Pass. Agent, Tray. Pa. AgMt.
Jackaonville, Fla. T. C. WHITE,
W. J. CRAIG, Traf. Manager, Gea. Pass. Aget.
General Offices, Wilmingto, N. C.

There is never a time when tourists are
heard speaking of this city in which they
do not mention particularly the fine
buildings which are to be found here, not
as large as in some the great cities of the
world but much more beautiful than tow-
e-ing skyscrapers, and still fine and hand-
some buildings much larger and more ma-
jestic than those to be found in any city
of our size in the country.
Messrs. Burwell and Hillyer are num-
bered among the leaders in these two lines
here and among their productions we wish
to mention the large docks, railroad con-
struction. warehouses, etc., which they
have built here. They make a specialty
of the above lines although they are in a
fine position to afford our people a-commo-
dations in any building line. Public and
County Roads, Warehouses, street pav-
ing, railroad construction and factory
buildings are all numbered among their
specialties, and this class o' heavy work is
the hardest to perform in a modern and tp
to dale manner and without making the
warehouse, for instance, too heavy, as not
only beauty and convenience but strength
enters prominently into the construction of
buildings of this character. Mr. Blair
Burwell. Jr.. a Civil Engineer, is one of
the firm and Mr. Chas. E. Hillyer, Archi-
tect, is the other, so this shows what a
strong combination they have.


may also be found under the sole control
of this gentleman. Mr. Trembly also han-
dles crossties for railroad tracks, large
timbers for other purposes, etc., and may
always he found with a fine line of them
on hand.

Advertising Manager Industrial Record.

Among the names which have been well
known in the real estate line here there
is none which is more deserving of a place
in this great edition of the advantages of
Florida, or which is better known or more
highly thought of than that of Mr. F. LH
Trembly, who has always held a high po-
sition here. Timber, mineral and grazing
lands have always been his specialty and
in addition a general realty work is ear-
ried on, lands for all purposes being avail-
able here. Mr. Trembly is located at 20
West Forsyth Street, where he is always
to be found and where he is ever ready to
answer questions on the relative value of
lands in this State. City and suburban
property may also be had from this gen-
tleman, a specialty being made of factory
and mill sites. Some very fine farms

That there is a demand for lands in
Florida is evinced by the project of Major
Cassius E. Gillette, formerly of the United
States Engineering Department, and more
recently in charge of the filtering plant
of Philadelphia. Major Giillette has pur-
chasedl ten thousand acres of marsh lands
near Fernandina and has arranged for
dykes to drain same. It is a large pro-
ject and will bring to the owner vast acres
of the finest kind of soil for the growing
of early vegetables. Work on this project
will begin in a few months.
During the past year there has been
more agitation in this State in reference
to good roads than for years in the past.
The fact has dawned upon the people of
Florida that this is an essential improve-
ment and there is no longer any doubt
that this work will be prosecuted in the
future with great vgior and with State
aid an direction. There is abundant ma-
terial for the making of good roads in
Florida and there no longer exists any
reason why the State should not have the
best roads in the world.
That there is a demand for property
in Florida was manifested by the extent
and character of the correspondence which
came to the Industrial Record during the
month of June. There were letters from
nearly every State of the United States
and some of them wre from those who have
since made purchases of Florida land or
other property. Conditions were never
better in Florida than they are this sum-
mer and there is every reason to believe
that this prosperity will continue.

Florida Bag

Manufacturing Co.



for All Purpose.

Small Cotton Bags for Commissaries
a Specialty.

Prices on all Work Gladly Quoted by Mail.

429 E. Bay St.

Jacksonville. Fla.

Phone 1360.

Between Jacksomville & New York, calling at Charlesten, S. C.


Between Jacksonville, Palatka, Beresford (DeLand), and Sanford, stopping at
Intermediate Landings. Service strictly first-class.
F. M. IRONMONGER, JR A. G. P. A., Jacksoville, Fla.
Jacksonville, F. Pier 36 N. R., New York.
0. H. TAYLOR, P. T. M, C. C. BROWN, G. P. A.,
ago Broadway, New York.
L. D. JONES, T. F. A., L. S. SCROBLE, C. A,
Jacksonville, Fla. Leesburg F.
Jacksonvile, Fl. Pier 36 N. R., New York.
C. P. LOVELL, Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
GENERAL OFFICES, PIER 36, N. R. Branch, a1 Broadway, New York.


R. Knauer & Co.

Staple and Fancy Groceries,

Complete Line Imported Wines,

Liquors, etc.


Jacksonville, Fla.


Complete Stock of-.-
Florida Novelties and Souvenirs

LWndmdI or /se D't Fo rg et to Pay a
S&it Cas Travefng RBags. O" Visit to Our Beatdfid
f HAM dBad Bgs. I Sales Rooms.
1a Ras Prm



Incorporated $50.000


311 West Forsyth Street,


J. OSKY, 12
The Largest Alligator in Captivity on Free Exhibition.





I,are "built right.9"

them for the man who
SELLS 'em.

for the man who
WEARS 'em.


Printers' Rollers

Every page of this issue affirms the fact that "Thompson's Rollers" are the most reliable for the
climate of the South.


The Florida East Coast Extension. Ocean Voyages by Rail.

*What the Read Wil Amccemhih.
Mr. Flagler has never given to the world
any definite explanation as to what he in-
tended to accomplish or by what mesa
he proposes to make this extension pay.
His only explanation to the public is that
he is extending his lines to Key West fol-
lowing out his general scheme for the de-
velopment of his system. But there are
great possibilities for this road. It will
lessen the time between New York and
SCuba by several hours and will develop the
a Florida Keys, through which it will pass,
giving thousands of acres of land for the
production of early vegetables and fruit.
On the Florida Keys spanned by this rail-
road there are lands which are rich in pro-
ductiveness. The fact that these lands
are far below the frost line and can raise
two crops each year will make them val-
uable and no doubt they are soon to be
converted into a veritable garden. With
transportation facilities at hand all the
drawbacks with which those who have
been making an effort to realize from this
industry on the Florida keys will be ob-
viated.. Formerly the vegetables were
brought to Key West on sail boats and
shipped by Mallory Line to New ork. Fre-
quently the sail boats were late in arriv-
ing at Key WVest to find that the Mallory
S- steamer had sailed. The vegetables or
fruits in that ease had to depend upon
.. an already overstocked local market, and
:- were sold at a loss.
The advantages which are to accrue to
the.. surv -"ryf Key West, to Jacksonville, all Florida and
a*~ng e s t hat in fact the entire country by the accom-
S ........ plishment of this gigantic project have
frequently been referred to. To Key West
it means a closer commercial connection
Automobiling in Florida. with the mainland, a great advantage to
come to an already thriving and progres-
Compared to its population with other cepted with any degree of credulity. And fifty foot spans resting upon concrete sive city. It will place Havana in closer
States Florida leads in the extent and then the people of the United States stood piers set in solid rock and strengthened touch with the United States anad mate-
character of great enterprises and pro- aghast. Even then its success was in by piles. There are deep channels in con- really add to the opportunities for trade
jets. Her vast resources and natural doubt. stant use by ships, where, of course, there with the island of Cuba. It will be of ad-
products have commanded a market all Nearing the M are drawbridges. and broad channels not vantage to Jacksonville in this same con-
over the world and in the extent of devel- For over two years work of construction so deep where they are miles of embank- nection and will mean much in the way
opment Florida compares favorably, every- th extesio has been in progress and ment and only water openings twenty-five of further development of the State.
thing considered, with any State in the e n s e pre d feet wide. The two longest of these water It will require two years, it is said by
nion. Nonere, withs all Staye Flotd the reports from the engineers are to the
Union. Nor is this all. Today Florida et that t ng ti o spaces are the one between Bahia Honda the engineers, to complete the road, but
an boast of the greatest enterprise of as to make it available co earned. Theso and Knight's Key, the other between Long in the meantime, there are parts of it
modern times, hardly excepting in this a e of ke West are i c ed a le Key and Grassy Key, the former perhaps which will have been in active use long
boast the great Panama canal, which the people of Key West are promised daily ten miles long, the latter a trifle less. before that time.
United States is digging to connect the mail by the use of this extension in a
United States is digging to connect the few months. But when daily mails are
Athi en he lorida East o established between the mainland and
The extension of the Florida East Coast Key West it will not mean that the ex- rrr C--i r r d AL rA r
ailayouth of Miami to K ey West, has bew tension is complete. The word complete,' E COMMERCIAL BANK
elsed by the leading men of afirs, as when applied to the Florida East Coast
the most stupendous, the most unique and extension means years more of wor nd Jacsonville, FIa
the most remarkable enterprise attempted the expenditure of vast sums of money.
the mo en a The "road over the sea" will have been in
during modern times. Taking into ac use for many years before the officials of
count the many miles of sea which this that company will be able to make the
railroad will span and the engineering announcement that the extension has at
difficulties which have been encountered een
in its building no doubt can exist in he -last been completed, so great is the char-
in its building no doubt an exist in h after of the work. Even with the estab- ><
minds of competent authorities that the lishment of a daily mail service with Key
work of Mr. Flagler in connecting Key West, the iron rails spanning the 125 miles
West with the mainland stands foremost wi o e e
among the many engineering projects ofwill not be linked at
the world. Now that the consummation of points. The intention is to operate trains
this gigantic project is in sight, and its connecting by means of water transporta-
suecese assured, the Florida East Coast tion, thus effecting a connection. Trains a
will be run out of Key West as far as
Railway stands today in a class alone the road is complete and by the use of
amcong the thousands of other railroads of steamers a connection will be made with
I mthe wor eald" as t m sthe trains which will operate from Miami.
First Reparded a j Impetsiheh
Years ago, when there came the first in- The extent of the Extesioa ,
timation that this extension was project- When the work of building thin ext.-n.
ed, the intent it created was akin to sion was first inaugurated the Florida
amusement in engineering circles, despite East Coast Railway extended as far as
the fact that the proposed enterprise had Homestead. From that point it has been
back of it such a man of determination built for seventeen miles through rocky
and financial ability as Henry M. Flagler. pine-covered land, through everglades and
"Impossible!" was the term used by noted muddy mangrove swamps to the shore,
engineers in passing their judgment upon where it crosses Jew Fish Creek and Lake
the feasibility of the scheme. It was Surprise to Key Largo. It stakes this
hardly accepted as serious at that time, biggest of the keys pretty well down to-
and not until the Florida Legislature was ward its southern end, running over about
asked to enact legislation which would fifteen miles of it and then starts boldly
give to the Florida East Coast Railway on its way down the keys over land and9 The largest and leading State Bank in Jacksonville. Is conducted in an
the right to proceed with the project, was water, sixty-five miles of land and sixty old-fashioned. strictly conservative manner and is subject to regullar examina-
there any degree of reasonable interest miles of water all told, to Key West. The' I tion ly the Comptroller.
aroused. It was not until active work sixty miles are being constructed on solid srlIndlividual and Savings Accounts solicited.
commenced, after the engineers had male coral rock and cement embankment bring-
the survey and construction camps were ing the rails thirty-one feet above salt ROBISON, W.B. WEN, GALLA
being established that the plan to connect water. There are numerous concrete -ia- President. Vice-President Cashier.
Key West with the mainland was ne- duets aggregating nearly six miles with


8 Manufacturing Lumber in Florida.

Past and Present Conditions Compared and Other Interesting Reerences to One d Florid's
Greatest Industri

The manufactumr of lumber in Florida
has enjoyed a remarkable growth during
the past ten years, until today there are
large sawmills employing a vast army of
laborers i every part of this State, and
some of these milk are among the largest
in the United States.
The development of the lumber business
in Florida and other States in the South-
east has more than kept pace with the
development of other enterprises and in-
dustries. Remarkable improvements have
ben made in the character of the mills, the
methods of operating and the general plan
for marketing the product of the Florida
pine forests in all of the civilized coun-
tries of the world, a well as the other
seetios of the United States.
Twenty years ago the sawmills in Flor-
ida were small and crude affairs compared
with some of the mammoth mille in va-
rios parts of this State today. In those
years the manufacturers of lumber were
t receiving the high prices for their
product which it is enmIo-nding today.
Yellow pine lumber hardly defrayed the
expene of sawin, and timber lands in
the days gone by were much cheaper than
they are at the present time.
Meved Thi Way.
But with the exhaustion of the forests
in the North and the Northwest there
came a ehae in Florida. It brought to
this State vast capital, the extensive ope-
rators in those States coming to Florida
to develop properties which they had been
gradually acquiring for years, to give them
occupation for their capital when the for-
ets in other States had been depleted.
Prim Then and Hw.
Twenty years ago the finest timber lan I
in this State sold for a "mere song." In
fact we have seen timber wasted in nearly
eery part of this State, so valueless v s
it regarded at that time. Florida tl -n
had millions and millions of acres of the
very sest yellow pine timber in the
world. he has millions of acres left,
though it must be acknowledged that the
eeam of her timbered wealth has been
skimmed. When the small mill was loet-
ed along the old lies of railroad which
traversed the State, and when the opera-
tos sold to local buyers about as much
as they shipped outside of the State, but
little was thought of the future. Not
until capitalists began to see what this
tate held in this line, was there an
awakening, and a'great many of those
who had disposed of their vast acres of
timber land for practically nothing realized
too late their mistake.
The development of the lumber industry
in Florida may be regarded as remarka-
ble. During the past four years it has
far surpassed the predictions of those who
at that time saw that Florida yellow pine
was a great factor of the commercial and
industrial world. Tracts of timber lands
in the counties of Florida where railroads
had recently been built sold at fabulous
prices. The prices werreegarded as fab-
ulous at that time, but since then these
price have in well known instances been
doubled and even trebled, until the priest
asked for timber land today, are really in
excess of what the industry can stand.
When one contemplates all this, reflects
over the events and conditions of the past
and notes present day values as compared
with those of ten years ago, he may form
some conception of the advancement of the
yellow pine lumber industry in this State.
He can also reflect upon the treachery of
time and the failure of so many to see
only a few years into the future.
The late Was Active.
But like otr industries it is apparent
that with few exceptions, the speculators
have been the ones who have made the
money. Of course there have been a great
many sawmill men who have accumulated
fortunes in this State by sawing the yel-
low pine into lumber, but they are few
as compared with the number who saw the
opportunity for speculation and to whom
the sawmill men of today are indebted
pore than any oth elas of individuals

or any other cause for the unsatisfactory
conditions which prevail at the present
time. It has been a case of too much
speculation with some and too little with
others, though on the whole the American
greed for speculation has really been the
cause of the unsatisfactory and exorbitant
prices which are being asked for timber
tracts today.
Small Mill Get the Cream.
Another fact almost in this same con-
nection is interesting. When the small
mills were operating it was only the larg-
eat trees which were felled. Nothing
which could not measure twelve inches
square was touched, and if it was the in-
stances were rare. After mills had ex-
hausted what they would saw at that time
and removed to other tracts, there have
followed the larger mills, which in some
instances have been sawing nothing but
the discarded trees of a few years ago.
Most anything goes on the carriage now.
Both large and small logs are used ard
the Florida pine forests are being devas-
tated today for "keeps" It will be many
a day before another mill is established
where one abandons the field at this time.
The Indastry Revolatismised.
The increase in the capacity of the mills,
with the need for the massive machinery
and equipment of every kind, has revolu-
tionized the sawing of lumber. Today the
large mills are forced to build miles of
railway, to equip them with rolling stock
and to bring their logs for miles from the
uncut forests. While the prices of lum-
ber have advanced it is also true that the
cost of production has advanced almost
proportionately. In fact, it is a question
if there is much more money in lumber
at $25 per thousand today than there was
when it was bringing only $10 Not only
have the mills been compelled to bring
their logs farther, saw smaller logs and
keep more capital invested, but the prices
of timber standing and the prices paid"
for labor have been the great factors which
have served to almost keep things even.
But Mill Men Have Prespered.
That the mill men have prospered as a
elass, there is no denying. It has been
one of the profitable industries of Florida
and one of the greatest ones at that. To-
day the sawmill men can look back upon
the past with a great deal of satisfaction,
even if they do claim that they have not
received all that they should have had
from the result of their labors.
The drawbacks have been many and one
of the principal ones is that of transpor-
tation. It has been an utter impossibility
to force the railroads of this and other
States to furnish an adequate service. It
seems to have been a matter of impossi-
bility for the railroads to furnish the
service required.
Railroads Held Things Back
At times the sawmills have been forced
to wait for weeks for cars and when they
arrived it was found that the mills were
forced to the additional expense of load-
ing in box cars and what are known as
dongolas, or coal ears. Orders have been
lost, others have been blocked aad hung
up the capital of the mill man for months
at some of the congested ports and the
railroad hkve been slow in allowing
claims, while even more tardy in paying
them. Added to this condition the prices
for the past several months have been
going down, until a great many of the
mills have been forced to shut down in the
hope of resuming operations in the near
future and receiving at least a paying
price for their product.
Mills Are Shutting Down.
There are a great many mills Tn Geor-
gia and Florida which have complied with
the recent request of the Georgia-Florida
Sawmill Association at its meeting at Fer-
nandina, and closed their mills for at least
two months. Some are to remain shut
down for an indefinite time. What has
brought about the slump in the prices of
the yellow pine lumber cannot be stated.
It is evidently some unnatural state of af-
fairs and the sawmill men are justified in

expecting something better in the near fu-
Outside the circle of sawmill men the
people of Florida are, as a rule, of the
opinion that the shutting down of the
mills temporarily will not result in any
great loss to the State. It may result in
some temporary loss, but the general
opinion prevails that there has been too
much haste in the work of destroying the
forests of Florida. There appears to be a
great deal of justification for this opin-
ion. It does seem that there is an abun-
dance of time for the sawmill men to dis-
pose of what standing timber remains.
millions Standing Yet
But along this line there has been too
much said, perhaps, in reference to the
destruction of the pine forests of Florida,
so far as statements as to what remains
are concerned. There are millions of acres
of yellow pine forests in this State and it
will require many years to convert it into
lumber. Sawmills will be in operation in
Florida for many years to come and the
manufacture of lumber will be a great in-
Utilizing the Waste.
One of the features connected with the
development of the sawmill and kindred
interests in Florida has been the disposi-
tion on the part of the manufacturers to
save everything. Even the slabs, which
formerly were sent to the pit are being
utilized now. Every little piece of timber
is being saved and to save them other
plants have been connected with the saw-
Shipping Crates Ahrma
During the past few years Florida has
not only been supplying herself with vege-
table crates, fruit crates and carriers, but
has been shipping such commodities to all
parts of the United States and to foreign
countries. At the ports of this State can
be seen pineapple boxes, peach crates and
vegetables crates en route to the West
Indies, Mexico and even Europe, while
some of the crate and basket factories of
Florida are sending peach carriers to Del-
aware and Maryland and even New York
State. This policy has resulted in a great
saving to the State and could be followed
with better results by a great many of the
mills of the State who are still inclined
to sneer at the policy of saving all that
their State has given them.
Florida Pine Goes verywhere.
The Florida pine lumber is shipped to
every foreign country and to all of the
States, though but little of it is shipped
West, owing to the availability of the
ports and the more advantageous freight
rates by water. From Fernandina last
month there was lumber shipped to las
Palmas in the Canary Islands, England,
Germany, Italy, Spain, South Africa, Cu-
ba, Mexico and over two million feet went
to assist in the work of building the Pan-
ama canal.
The buyers of lumber anywhere in the
world, familiar with all grades will have
no hesitancy in making the statement
that the Florida pins lumber is superior
to that manufactured in any other State
as a rule. The Florida pine has enjoyed
a great demand and it is a demand which
is growing, despite the slump in the mar-
Opposition to Boxing Trees.
There was at first a general and great
opposition among the sawmill men of the
State against the boxing of trees for
naval stores, but this has been done away
with to a remarkable degree. In fact the
largest mill men of Florida are today
themselves engaged on an extensive scale
in the manufacture of naval stores, seeing
the advantage of first exhausting the tree
for this product before converting it into
lumber. It may be said, too, that the box-
ing of the tree serves a good purpose so
far as the industrial and commercial in-
terests of the State are concerned. It
brings out all there is in the tree and dis-
tributes a much greater amount of money
as a result of this policy. Employment is
given to a great many men in the general

plan of manufacturing naval stores, and
after this industry has been abandoned
the tree can then be converted into lum-
ber. Of course, there ought to be argu-
ment against the boxing of too many
small trees.
Will Last for Years.
The claim that the lumber industry in
this State is one the wane is hardly borne
out by the present day facts and condi-
tions. The lumber industry is a great one
in Florida and it will be for many years
to come.
As to the hard wood forests of Florida
and their development, there is but little
to be said. There is but little of this
development going on, though there have
been a number of firms engaged in sawing
the hardwood trees and shipping them for
staves, rims, spokes, etc. There are great
hard wood forests in Florida which are
to be developed some day in the near fu-
ture, adding largely to the already great
lumber trade of this State.

During the past three years there has
been millions of dollars invested in new
enterprises and industries in Florida and
there are new companies being formed for
the development of the State every day.
What has had a great deal to do with the
bringing of capital to Florida is the fact
that the Floridians have great condence
in their State and are themselves leading
in the general progress along the many in-
dustrial lines. Floridia pride themselves
upon the success they have achieved in
business during the past few years and
there is every indication that the next
several years will see greater activity
along every line.

The greatest improvement has been
made in the character of the liv stock in
Florida during the put few year Great
interest has been aroused by the remarks-
ble success of the efforts of such men as
Z. C. Chamblis and S. H. Gaitakill, of
Marion county, N. A. Callison of Alaehu
county, and others who have appreciated
the fact that the stock growing industry
must soon take the place of some of the
other industries in this State. They have
demonstrated that there is a great oppor-
tunity in Florida for stock-raising and
have done much to improve breeds and
show that the best beef an be produced in
this State.

One of the most profitable industries in
this State is the growing of strawberries&
At Starke and Lawtey, in Bradford coun-
ty, and at various other points in this
State the growing of this fruit is con-
ducted on a large scale. The growers have
prospered wonderfully. There are thous-
ands of acres of good land for the grow-
ing of strawberries and the* market de-
mand is great.

Just one word to the prospective settler
in Florida. When you arrive here just
make up your mind that the native Flor-
idian or those from other States who have
preceded you are to be your friends. There
is something in the atmosphere of Florida
that insures a kindred feeling between
residents and the newcomer is always re-
ceived with open arms and given every
encouragement possible. If you make your
home in Florida you will find that you
will have good neighbors.

Florida needs more factories. While she
has made considerable progress in this
way during the past few years there is
room for a great deal of improvement.
There are opportunities here for factories
of a great many kinds and the day is com-
ing when this State will have them.


SFernardinp, Fla., the Great Deep Water Port of the South Atlantic Coast

Along the Water Front Looking North from Center Street, Fernandina, Fla.

There is no disputing the fact, the eyes
of the industrial Southeast are turned to-
ward Fernandina. It is a fact that this
prosperous and growing city of the South
Atlantic coast is today more talked of in
business circles in the State of Florida
than any other.
Why? is asked.
Two words will explain the whole situa-
tion-port facilities. Fernandina has much
in general to attract the homeseeker and
the investor. Of this more will be said
later, but her deep water, her harbor, her
water front, her shipping facilities, coast-
wise and foreign, give her a distinctive
claim to commercial prominence, and it is
as rapidly making her what she will event-
ually be, the largest exporter of domestic
products between Norfolk and the Gulf.
But more can be said. Fernandina will
have-and the time is not far distant-
the largest export trade in lumber, naval
stores and phosphate of any port in
America. And quick to follow this will
come the announcement that Fernandina
has been selected as a port of call by the
United States Government.
The Industrial Record makes these
statements from a knowledge of the sit-
nation. As the official organ of the Tur-
pentine Operators' Association and the
only weekly naval stores and lumber trade
journal in the South, it has been called
upon many times of late to publish to the
trade in this country and Europe a full
review of the port and other advantages
of this now famous little city; and in do-
ing so today it fulfills a duty to its read-
ers as a trade journal. It is well that
they understand in the outset that this is
no advertisement. Neither the municipal-
ity of Fernandina, the county of Nassau,
nor the Fernandina Board of Trade pay
one penny for the space that we devote
to the subject. The Record is happy to
chronicle the achievement of any city or
community looking to the advancement of
the interests of her people. It is the
strength of the many that makes the

whole. The growth of any city of Flor-
ida adds to the material prosperity of the
Deep Water Entrance.
From the first discovery of Florida in
1513, to the present time the entrance to
the port of kernandina has been the prin-
cipal and, in fact, the only deep water
entrance on the eastern coast of Florida.
Neither Ribaut nor Menendez was able, in
1605, to enter the harbor of St. Augustine
or the mouth of the St. Johns, but in 1667
Dominic de Gourgues, with his vessels,
had no difficulty in entering the harbor
of Fernandina. During the JEhglish oceu-
pation of Florida, between 1762 and 1782,
their large vessels came into this harbor,
and in 1815 the British fleet under Admi-
ral Cockburn came in and anchored in
Cumberland sound.
Before the improvement of the entrance
by the jetty system, in order to obtain
a greater depth commensurate with the
increased size of vessels, the average low
water depth was about 12 feet on the bar,
with a tidal rise of 6 feet, was 18 feet at
high tide. The project undertaken was
to obtain a low water depth of 18 feet and
a high water depth of 24 feet. The jetty
system was to effect this purpose by car-
rying out from Amelia island on one side
and Cumberland island on the other two
nearly parallel walls or embankments, in
order to confine the currents outfowing
from the St. Marys and the tidal rivers
meeting in Cumberland sound out to sea
between these jetties and maintaining a
scouring inflow sufficient to help open a
deep sea channel.
The basin at the mouth of the St. Ma-
rys and forming the harbor of Fernandina,
is technically known as Cumberland sound,
and lies between the boundary lines of
Georgia and Florida. The work of im-
provement was begun by the United
States Engineer Department in 1881, and
has been continued with small appropria-
tions until placed under the continual

contract system with an appropriation of ture. His hope for Ferandina as a deep
nearly $2500,000. water port was indeed prophetic. Be
Present Water Depth. predicted the various stages that would
The depth of water has gradually in- come to its life; he pictured great ships
creased until at the present time a min- lying at long piers, flying the colors of all
imum of twenty-four feet (24) is to be nations; he fancied the base of supply that
found at low water and thirty feet (30) would feed the port, and he reviewed the
at high water. With the exception of a long arteries of commerce that would lead
few minor shoa& now being dredged by to the fulfilment of this prediction.
the United States government, within the He did not live to see the day, it is
broad bay within which Fernandina is lo- true, but his prophecy has been verified,
cated, the port will soon be able to boast and his faith in the port of Fernandina
of a uniform depth throughout the entire sustained.
harbor of not less than thirty-five feet First, with the development of the great
(35), the main channel being forty-five to lumber industry, requiring many ships an-
sixty (45 to 60). Owing to the peculiar nually. Second, with the fruit shipments.
conditions favoring deep water at Fernan- Third, the discovery of phosphate, and
dina there can be no doubt that this depth fourth, the coming southward of the naval
or even greater will be maintained, and stores business; all of which has given to
make the port of Fernandina the most the port of Fernandina an impetus both
important port on the South Atlantic strong and impregnable, and every Flori-
coast, and enable vessels of the largest dian, be he of Jacksonville, Tampa or
draught to enter here. As it is now ves- Pensacola, feels a pride in the fact that
sells drawing upwards of thirty feet and the east coast of the state has a port
carrying tonnage of ten thousand tons are that can accommodate the largest ships,
enabled to take cargoes here for foreign and no man feels any jealousy over the
ports. Freight steamships are constant- fact that nature has smiled upon this lo-
ly increasing in size and in order to ob- cality.
tain their full carrying capacity must en- If not for the fact of deep water near
ter ports where they can be fully loaded, the base of supply of naval stores, Flori-
A Great Port. da probably would be behind today in the
The Record is an industrial journal-it march the state is making in the control
has become the foremost publication of its of this industry, and the centralization of
kind south of Chattanooga. A trade paper the product near its supply.
representing its sphere of industry knows Besides the possession of deep water,
no section or locality from the standpoint the town and surrounding country have
of bias, and entertains no other princi- advantages that are attractive to those
ple superior to that of truth, and it has seeking a place to live-for as a place of
no environment that forces bias upon its residence Fernandina has but few equals
opinions either of industries or sections; on the Atlantic coast, combining health
therefore, when it expresses an opinion it with comfort-land with sea-ozone and
is without the varnish of prejudice or the climatic equableness, making up a condi-
warp of self-interest. tion rarely found in this world where man
Many years ago the writer knew David can live in happiness.
L. Yulee quite well; it was his privilege Commercial Advantages
to discuss confidentially with him the am- The advantages presented by Fernandi-
bitions that moved this great man along na as a commercial point may be briefly
industrial lines and impelled him to blaze stated. The city is built on the north end
the way where weaker men feared to ven- of Amelia island, having a bold shore


lie of nearly two miles, the larger part
of which is provided with substantial
docks and wharves placed along the chan-
el, which lies so close to the shore as
not to require any great extension from
the shore line to sufficient depth of wa-
or for large vessels and steamers to lie
alongside and receive their cargoes conven-
iently. The outer bar is not more than
three or four miles from the wharves, and
railway tracks run along the inner line of
wharves, enabling the cars to be discharg-
ed almost alongside of the vessels which
are to receive their lumber, naval stores
and other outgoing freight, or to receive
from the shipping incoming freight with-
out cartage.
The harbor is very capacious, and af-
fords room for anchorage of any number
of vessels, and in addition to the present
water front an almost equal extent of
docks could be place along the west shore
of Amelia river, which could easily be
bridged above the city.
The City's Health.
* A matter of considerable importance in
reference to a commercial port is the
health of a location where large numbers
of vessels lie along the docks and the sail-
ors are in the habit of spending much
time on shore. The location of Fernandi-
na is particularly favorable in this re-
speet. Located on the inner shore of a
sea island twenty miles in length and
about two miles of average width, the
ground rises gradually from the river to
a height in the rear of seventy-five feet
or more, giving perfect natural drainage,
and being entirely surrounded with salt
water with the daily ebb and flow of a
strong tidal current of six feet rise and
fall, the waters of the bay are kept pure
by the constant change of the tidal flow,
while the prevailing southeast winds blow
down the island and city, ministering to
both health and comfort.
The place has always been regarded as
very healthy, and the death rate is very
low. One has only to notice the number
and healthy, robust appearance of the
children who throng the streets to be sat-
isfied of the health of Fernandina.
The city now contains a population of

are better than at many of the seaports
where the 'elbow room' required for hand-
ling these materials is more contracted.
Fernandina is now the great phosphate
shipping point of the South, if not the
largest in the world. The main trunk rail-
way, whose lines now reach all parts of
Florida and Georgia, has its principal ter-
minus at this point, and controls extensive
yard room for the successful handling of
all materials for export. Its tracks ex-
tend along the water front for one mile,
enabling the company to deliver freights
directly to the docks without the necessity
of drayage, a matter of great importance
to those handling heavy freights. Other
railroads, with connecting steamship lines,
are also arranging to establish terminals at
Fernandina, which promise additional andi
ample facilities for handling the increased
products, which must then seek passage
through this port.
"The geographical and strategic posi-
tion of Fernandina, with its ample depth
of water and commodious harbor, singles
it out as the harbor most likely to be
selected by the government as the nearby
continental depot, so greatly needed.
where war material and other supplies
are to be stored for the supply of the gov-
ernment's West India harbors, as occa-
sion may require. This, with the exten-
sive work now being carried on at the
Cumberland sound entrance, and the con-
templated renewal, or rebuilding, of the
island's fortifications, must insure the per-
manent oversight of the harbor by the
United States government and a perma-
nent depth of water sufficient both for
ships of war and the needs of ocean
steamers engaged in foreign trade.
"The government con~m eplates mak-
ing this port equal in depth of its bar
entrance to any port on the Atlantic
coast of the United States.
"Only the customary clha es incident
to all seaports, and strictly legal and rea-
sonable, are allowed at the port of Fernan-


6,000 and is annually increasing. Ample Fernandina has an extensive water front
room exists for extension of the city lim- one mile of which it improved with comn-
its on high and suitable lands adjoining modious wharves, an immense phosphate
the present city on the south and east. elevator, oyster canneries, palmetto fac-
tory, saw and planing mills, ice works, a
DESCRIPTION OF THE PORT OP Fkf- most excellent system of waterworks,
NANDINA. owned by the city, several cigar factories,
a national bank, a telephone exchange, the
The following article from Port Review large construction and repair shops of tlhe
gives a very accurate and complete de- Seaboard Air Line Railroad, electric light
scription of the port: plant also owned by the city; an electric
"Situated as this exceptionally fine har- street car system extending to Amelia
bor is, at the extreme northeastern por- beach; a sewerage system; more miles of
tion of Florida, divided from the State of shelled and graded streets than any Flo---
Georgia by the deep and rapid flowing St. ida town; the finest beach on the Atlan-
Marys river, Fernandina is, by nature, tic coast at its very door; numerous
the commercial gateway to the interior churches, an excellent system of public
of two states, which control a very ex- schools, Masonic, Odd Fellows and other
tensive share of the products of the secret societies, public library and good
Southern fields and forests, hotels, and an Elks Club; and, in short,
"Admitting ships drawing 30 feet of is a lively and prosperous city
water, the foreign commerce of the state, It has railway connection with all parts
and that of southern Georgia, is now of Florida and the North and West, with
largely controlled by the enterprising phos- regular line of steamships for Hamburg
phate, lumber and naval stores shippers, and Rotterdam and direct connection with
who have availed themselves of the super- the Mallory steamships for New York.
ior shipping facilities and the large class Fernandina also has a live, active
of vessels capable of entering this port. Board of Trade, who are wide-awake to
"Fernandina enjoys peculiar advantages the best interests of the city. 'he prts-
over other Atlantic seaports, in that it ent officers are Samuel A. Swann, presi-
is the only harbor where the port and dent; F. W. Hoyt, vice-president, and G.
town are so near the sea, and so well pro- L. Baltzell, secretary. Inquiries addressed
tected. Its extensive docks are within to any of these gentlemen will receive
four miles of the outer buoy. Its entrance prompt attention.
from the sea is short and straight, mak- The city government is as follows: John
ing towage almost unnecessary. No G. McGiffin, mayor, G. S. Baltzell, clerk;
shoals are encountered from bar to docks, J. Mizell, Jr., treasurer.
and the substantial jetty work will for- Althought a large number of houses
ever prevent changes in the channel, while have been built in the last twelve months
the large dredge constructed by the gov- quite a number are being constructed now,
ernment, especially for this bar and har- and it is impossible to supply the in-
bor will always maintain a standing depth creasing demand for residences.
of thirty feet, sufficient to admit any ves- There is a fine opening in Fernandina
sel of the United States Navy, as well as for a number of manufacturing indus-
those engaged in the carrying trade of the tries. The low freight by water of raw
world- materials and the facilities for distribut-
"The harbor of Fernandina is deep and ing the finished product to the consumer
capacious, with good holding ground, and makes it a fine location for factories.
well protected from eastern gales. In a There art needed knitting mills, a sash
commercial point of view these facts are and blind factory, furniture factory, a
entitled to much consideration, foundry, a cottonseed oil factory, and a
"The facilities for handling the main spoke and handle factory, all of which
products of the State-phosphate, lumber, would pay handsomely in the 'ernandina
naval stores, railway ties, cotton, etc., which is and which is to be.

It is now certain that a large hotel on
Amelia Beach will be built. For bathing
the beach is perfect; there is no under-
tow, and no step-offs; its slope is just
right, and the temperature of the water
in summer is delightful and invigorating.
A commercial hotel in the city is also
Another railroad system into Fernandi-
na is a necessity in order to handle the im-
mense amount of stuff for export. It is
reasonably certain that another system
will reach the city, or the Seaboard Air
Line will put in additional water front
trackage to handle the business. There
has been a popular idea that the entire
water front was owned by the Seaboard
and that another system could not secure
terminal facilities. This is a mistake.
The Seaboard does not own any water
front south of Center street, and there are
here fine terminal opportunities.
It is said, to the credit of Fernandina,
that there are not half a dozen mortgages
in the city; that nearly every man owns
his home, and nearly every merchant his
place of business. There have been but
three failures in twenty years, aggregat-
ing only about $2,500.

Real estate men are doing more business
and there is a greater demand from the
outsidee for Fernandina property than ever
before in the history of the city. This
as not a boom, but a substantial growth
and development that inevitably follows
gieat natural advantages. kernandma is
proud of her port, and it is her port that
is going to make Fernandina a great city.
Real estate is higher than it used to be,
but it is higher only in proportion to its
increased actual value. Aimeia Beach will
Income one of the principal summer re-
sorts of the South Atlantic. It is the fin-
est beach on the coast. It is now reached
uy trolley line in a ten-minute ride from
the center of the city. Lots that were
selling there a year ago for $10 each are
now selling for $50. They are going still
higher. A fine hotel will .e built on this
beach. Public and private pavilions are
already being built. A number of cot-
tagers will live there next season, many
of whom are already building cottages.
Who says that this property will not be
worth double its present price a year
hence? In the city many modern improve-
ments have made a big demand for cen-
tral property. The city is bound to ex-
pand, and suburban property is according-
ly of value. Real estate investments at
the prevailing prices are safe investments
either to the homeseeker or to the capi-
talist. There is considerable water front
and wharf property in the market. This
is of great value, and the almost phenome-
nal increase in the export trade of this
city will necessarily mean more rail facil-
ities, more terminals and more dock facili-

Nassau county, in the northeastern cor-
ner of the state, of which Fernandina is
the capital seat, contains about 700 square
miles, including the island of Amelia;
population 9,654. It is bounded on the
north and west by the St. Marys river,
on the east by the Atlantic, and on the
south by the Nassau river and its trib-
utaries. These natural water boundaries
consist, for one-half of their extent, of
estuaries and streams navigable for ocean
vessels. The Seaboard Air Line Railway
traverses its length nearly midway be-
tween these water courses, and also cross-
es the county north and south. The At-
lantic Coast Line and the Southern Rail-
way crosses the county in a northwester-
ly direction, and the Atlantic, Valdosta &
Western Railway crosses it from east to
Its Accessibility.
Accessibility to its natural resources is
one of the leading features of this county.
On its seacoast it has an excellent harbor,
spacious enough to shelter the fleets of
the United States.
The soil of Nassau County varies from
the light mulatto soils of the coast
through all the intermediate graduations
to the stiff clays and marls in the low
lands of her rivers, and its range of pro-
ductions is as varied as the soil. On Ame-

lia island, the edge of the mainland aad
scattered along her rivers are soils of cal-
careous sand, that are adapted for the in-
est qualities of long staple cotton, to the
culture of the grape and olive, while the
branch, fresh marsh and black rush lads
attached to them are especially suitable
for gardening. These lands as easily re-
claimed, rich, moist and close to the ship-
ping opportunities, so that the shipping
of early vegetables to Northern markets
must soon form a considerable item in the
list of profitable investments.
It is estimated that there are at least
20,000 acres of these marsh lands in the
county which can now be bought for a
mere song, but, when reclaimed, are worth
from $100 to $1,000 per acre. In Connect-
ieut these reclaimed marsh lands are con-
sidered the most valuable for gardening.
Our reclaimed marsh lands are particu-
larly adapted to the raising of grass, rice
and vegetables. This soil is as fine as
flour and consists of vegetable matter
which has been accumulating for centu-
ries. There is not a twig or root growing
upon this land, while it lies perfectly leveL
It is covered with a salt grass which is
much relished by stock. To reclaim these
lands it is necessary to build dams or
levees to keep off the tide water. After
eighteen months they will be ready for
cultivation. There are hundreds of acres
of this land, which can be had for the re-
claiming of them. When once brought
into cultivation there are no lands in the
United States which excel them in fertil-
Inducements Ofered.
Nassau county offers inducements to
vegetables growers which can be found in
no other section in the state. This is no
idle boast, but can be demonstrated by
cold facts. We have the express and fast
mails to the North and West, as well as
steamship transportation to New York.
The vegetables or fruit can be gathered
fresh from the garden and placed upon
the steamship in first-class condition,
where they will be distributed or handled
until placed for sale in the New York mar-
ket. While there are many localities in
the state which have fertile soil, yet the
lack of quick transportation debars them
from competing with the more favored
sections. Another feature which is of much
importance to the truck raisers is that
we never have extreme cold, as
we are surrounded by water direct from
the ocean, which tempers the winter winds,
and vegetables come off as early on the
island as if we were situated one hundred
miles further south. This locality offers
rare inducements to reclaim some of these
valuable lands.
Nassau county was formerly one of the
best timbered counties in the state, show-
ing that the land is good andstrong;but
its proximity to Jacksonville and other
large mills and its exceptional facilities
for moving logs, both by rail and water,
have almost denuded the county of its
heavier timber, leaving the land in fine
condition for cattle raising, for which pur-
poses it can be bought at very reson-
able prices. Dairy farming would pay in
this county. The short distance to good
markets, the low prices of good grazing
land, and the mildness of the climate are
all favorable conditions.
Farming and Fruit Growin. -
In the early settlement of the country
this county was considered one of the
best agricultural portions of the state. On
the main land the soil is a sandy loam
white clay subsoil, marl, and many rich
bodies of land are found along the streams,
which, with judicious drainage, would yield
fine crops. Strawberry culture, which has
proved so profitable in Bradford county,
has always succeeded very well in this vi-
cinity. Potatoes, squashes, asparagus, on-
ions and tomatoes are successfully culti-
vated in this vicinity, and lands for this
purpose can be purchased at low prices.
Farming and truck growing have the ad-
vantages of the home market and facilities
of shipment North by steamer direct from
our dock at lower rates of freight than
from interior points, besides the advan-
tage of speedy transportation.
The character of the soil is peculiarly
adapted to the raising of peaches, pears
and plums, as well as all the other fruits
and vegetables usually grown throughout
the South. and this is destined to be one
of the greatest industries of the country
in the near future.


Among the leading forwaring agts
and stevedores to be found is the city of
Jernandin, we wish to devote a little
space and attention to the work which
Mr. J. B. Hill, the subject of this sketch
has been doing in the six years he has
been with us. This gentleman makes a
specialty of handling all kinds of freight,
lumber, turpentine, phosphate, et., to and
from the ships and cars and has a dock
space, leased by himself personally, in-
cluding no less than 100,00 square feet
of floor space and extending 00200.
From seventy-five to one hundred men
are employed at all times depending an
the amount of work to be doe aad by
this immense number of employees his
patrons are sure of having their goods
handled promptly and with ease. Four
million feet of lumber and ties are hand-
led by this gentleman alone during the
year, which will give some idea of the
magnitude and scope of the business he is
carrying on here. Mr. J. B. Hill has come
to be known as being a very reliable gen-
tleman and one of tne most able and ex-
perienced men in the forwarding business
in this portion of the State. Be is man
with many friends and has always shown
himself a well-wisher of this community.

Oooney, Eckstein & Company have been
located with branch offices in this southern
country for many years, although the
head offices are in New York City. They
also have branches in Savannah, Bruns-
wick, Jacksonville and Fernandina, but it
is with the Iernamdina Branch, Mr. Julius
Klotz, manager, which we have most to do
in this article. It would be hard to find
a man in the State of Florida who knows
more about yellow pine lumber and rail-
road ties, their manufacture, sale and
handling than Mr. Klot, who bLa been
in this line of work here for the past forty
years, and who has always stood high in
the annals of business lif in Florida. Mr.
Klotz has three million feet of dock space
under his sole charge at Ferandina and
it is not going the least bit too far to say
that he annually ships the largest amount
of lumber of any man or irm in this city.
Mr. Klota has been manager of Cooney,
lkstein & Company her for the past
twenty years and in that time hea won
a high place for himself among the most
able and progressive business men of this
city. He is a sma of wide experience,
great ability and remarkable foresight and
it is not to be wondered at that he has
made te success of this branch that he
has here.

This market enjoys the distinction of
being the only white market in the eity
of Ferandia and as a natural result has
the pick of all the white trade of the ity.
The owners of this market, Mers. F. H.
Hobein and J. H. Wi~seimid, are number-
ed among our most able business mea and
have been in this busins for the past
seven years. This firm is located at Third
near Center and handles at all times a full
and complete line of Florida and Western
meats of all kinds, chickens-, fruits,
vegetables, canned goods, butter, cheese
and delicatessen goods, etc. Mail order
and river work is also their specialty and
the amount of business carried o by this
firm is very rge. They employ tree men
and operate two wagons aad bicycle de-
livery system for the further couvsenee
of their patrons. Messrs. Hobein ad
Wieenfeld are numbered among our most
able business men and the position they
have held here for some time is only
commensurate with the enmmx, '-t s
they have been affording their patrons.
They have both had many years' experi-
ence in this line of wor and are thus en-
abled to eater to a high-class patronage
in a manner that brings them new patron
every day.

There is no part of the wearing apparel
that is as important as the shoes, as it
is on them that we must rely. We can
-walk around and attend to our business
in the regular way if our clothes do not
fit according to the New York or Paris
styles, but let a person, especially one
with tender feet, put on a pair of shoes
that do not fit and i is no time at all

until they are in no it condition to at-
tend to their business. Special shoes .are
handled by R. H. Jones Co. for those
whose feet are in a bad condition and it is
a pleasure to be waited on by his clerks
they are so courteous and attentive to
their patrons' every want. Mr. B. H.
Jones is a successor to J. H. Prescott, and
is located in the inest building in the city.
He is next door to the First National Bank
in their store building and the interior
shows at once the high-class establish-
ment he is operating. Mr. Jones handles
a very fine line of shoes for all members
of the family, a specialty being made of
the Brockton Boot and Shoe Co.'s prod-
ucts and the La France Shoe for ladies.
This firm was established here in 1906,
although there has been a boot and shoe
store at practically this same location
for the past thirty years. Two clerks are
employed in addition to the pproprietors
being active in the work and no care is
spared which will in any way add to the
material accommodations this gentleman
is enabled to give the most high-clas and
critical patronage.

One of the neatest houses of call in this
city is that operated here by Messrs.
Thiede Brothers, who it will be remember-
ed worked here for fourteen years for the
house they now operate themselves. They
are located at the corner of Third and
Center and have a very fine exterior and
interior furnishings. The house has been
entirely gone over for their occupancy and
is arranged with special reference to the
work in hand, the front being entirely
glass and hard wood, the hard wood
fiishings extending through the entire
interior arrangements of the establish-
ment. The hard wood polished bar, the
fine decanters, the wall cases, the six ta-
bles and chairs for patrons to rest at ease
while drinking some of the fine brews
to be found her the elegant arrangement
of sideboards and show eases and last, but
not least, the very high-clas line of liq-
uors handled here have all conspired to
make this one of the most popular places
of its kind in the city. Two pool tables
and one Klondike table are furnished for
the amusement of their patrons and the
courteous attention which is paid to all
who call here has had much to do with
the fine success Mesr Thiede have had
in the time they have been here. They
have been located for themselves for one
year this May and have shown that their
former experience in handling high-clas
patronage has been put to good advantage.

In every city there must be aoe frm
that is looked on as being the largest and
best in its particular line of work, and we
dare say that all our readers will agree
with us when we give this position in the
dry goods line to Mularkey Bros., who
have been with us for the past nine years
and have in that time centered on their
house most of the desirable patronage of
this community. They handle a full and
complete line of clothing among their
brands being the famous Kirschbaum
clothes for men, dry goods and notions of
all kinds, hats, gloves, toilet articles and
in fact everting one would expect to find
in a house of this character andmagni-
tude. They occupy two floors on the main
street of our business section, and em-
ploy no less than ten clerks to enable
them to handle their immense ptronage.
The store is 00x12 and the stock is so
arranged and displayed that all who call
on these gentlemen are enabled to select
their goods with the least trouble and in-
convenience to themselves. The sterling
business principles that have always actu-
ated this firm in their dealings with the
people of our community have had much
to do with the position they hold here at
the present time.

Among the leading features of any city's
make up, it may be said, without any
question that the housefurnishing busi-
ness is one of the most important, and
in giving out facts of interest to the im-
migrant we wish to dwell especially on
the business conducted by Mr. P. R.
Brady, who has for many years been con-
neeted with the commercial life of this
community and who for the last fifteen

yers has carried on an annually incres- glassware, window glass, stoves water
ing business for himself and has recently filters, etc., etc. This gentleman ms blot-
built a modern two-stor fire-proof store ed on Third street, telephone 86, and will
on Second street, where he utilizes about always be found with a full and complete
twelve thousand square feet of floor space. stock of the above-mentioed commodi-
Here will be found everything in the ties. His sterling business treatment of
house-furnishing line to suit even the most all who have patronized him has had mech
expensive tastes, and to his sterling busi- to do with the success he has had in tih
ness principles and his exceptionaly fair line of work here and his patrs number
treatment of all who deal with him has the best and most critical people of this
fallen the credit of the success he now community. Four men are employed in
enjoys. His delivery system is perfect, handling the large business Mr. lehman
and all who call are accorded the most has centered on his house in addition to
courteous treatment. Mr. Brady is able himself being active in the work and sp-
to completely furnish hotels, houses, ships, ervising all the various departments.
etc. from kitchen to reception room. Mr. Wagons are used to make deliveries in
Brady is also agent for one of the leading the city, and every accommodation is af-
talking machine companies, forded his patrons that time and care can
devise. The building occupied by this
JWO. G. McGIFFIN & CO. gentleman is a two-story brick structure
Steamship and Forwaig Agts. with warehouse on the second bfor, ad
Fernandina has always been known as salesroom and offie on the ground floor.
the largest shipping port in. Florida or for
that matter, in the South, and the J. GEO. SUB RE.
amounts of lumber and phosphate alone The -eadin Jeweler al DrgL
that go through here every year are some- In 1882 Mr. J. Geo. Suhrer started his
thing phenomenal. There must be com- business in this city and the success he
panics to handle this immense business has made of it in this time has been
and when we make this statement the strictly due to the equable and honorable
name above mentioned is the first to cormee manner in which he has catered to the
to our mind as they do the largest for-' patronage that has come to be centered on
warding business in this city. They own his store. Mr. Suhrer has one of the
four hundred teet of dockage and employ finest locations in the city at 306 Center
one hundred and fifty to two hundred street, where he handles a full and com-
men. They charter their own steamers, plete line of drugs, patent medicines, sud-
and handle the goods from the cars to the iries, toilet articles, household nessities,
steamers, almost all their shipping being sick-room goods, trusses, shaving' outits,
to foreign countries. The firm has been I and all the thousand one things which go
located here for many years and has had to make up the stock of a high-class hose
great success especially in handing goods of this character. In another department
promptly and landing them at their des- of the store is to be found a complete
tination in fine condition. No buying or stock of high-class watches, jewelry of all
selling is done on their own account, but kinds, silverware, spectacles, and all kinds
all their work is handling for others, of silver and gold novelties. Still another
Some of the largest shipping companies m department has one of the most complete
the world are represented by this firm and lines of curios, mementoes, souvenirs,
their business is on a steady growth at all novelties and keepsakes to be found in the
times. The members of the firm are State of Florida, the Curio State. Alla-
Messrs. Jno. G. McGillin, the present tors of all kinds and sies may be had
mayor of Fernandina and E. W. Bailey, here, a specialty being made of the msiral
two of our best known and most success- alligator, alligator and snake skin gods,
ful business men. These gentlemen have prges, card eases, bill holder, ete. sol-
by their sterling business principles and venir postals, the finest selection in the
the manner in which they have handle city, Florida shell novelties, alligator head
all work entrusted to-them won the entire canes, hand-carved orange wood, et, ete.,
esteem and confidence of the community, ad infinitum.
with the natural result that the cream of
all forwarding done here goes through L. GRUNWALD, JWZL .
their channels. They are both men of The art of human decoration is as ol
long and vast experience in their work as the human race and it is a pleasure to
and their facilities are such that they be able to represent in these pages a
can handle any amount of any class of man who is a follower of on of the old-
goods in a prompt and up-to-date manner est crafts in the world-that of jeweler.
and have thus held all the vast trade they Mr. L. Grunwald has beea with us for the
have built up for themselves here. past nine years sad in that time has built
up a fine business among the principal
NASSAU FORWADING CO. people of this city. He handles a complete
H. F. Starbek, Mgr. line of jewelry, such as rings, watches of
Fernandina as a deep water seaport all the well known makes, brooehes of
ranks among the first on this coast and quaint design, set and unuet preeiou
can lay claim to the fact of having the stones, and stands ready at a moment's
deepest port south of Norfolk, therefore it notice to repair the most intricate or ie
is natural that the exports of the city are piece of jewelry. Mr. Grunwald has in his
in a class of their own when it comes to employ a young lady to aid in serving i

tue quantity sent out annually from
here. Among the chief products for both
foreign and domestic ports lumber is
found, and the Nassau Forwarding Com-
pany is one of the chief agents in the
shipping interests. This company was or-
ganized January 1, 1906, by Messrs. R. IH
Paul, of Watertown, who is vice-president
of the East Coast Lumber Company, and
who holds many other lumber interests,
B. K. Richardson, who operates a large
sawmill employing about seventy-five men
near Yulee and F. E. Waymer, president
and manager of the Paul-Waymer Lum-
ber Company. They secured the services
of Mr. H. F. Starbuck, of this city, and
now employ 75 men. They occupy a dock
space of 500x200 feet and have a capacity
of 4,000,000 feet of lumber, and are the
agents in this line of six of the largest
lumber companies in the State, handling
about 40,000,000 feet per year.

Among the leading merchants In Fer-
nandina, we wish to mention particularly
Mr. W. J. Lohman, who by the way is also
one of the oldest established in this city.
Mr. Lohman has been here for the past
twenty-three years, the year 1884 having
seen his inception here, and in that time
has handled a great deal of the best trade
of the city in carpets, furniture, crockery,

,patrons, and Goes all the repair work i-
self thus assuring his patrons that it will
all be done in the most modern and up-
to-date manner. He is a man of excep-
tional ability in his own line of work and
in the time he has been with us has built
up a reputation for sterling treatment of
his patrons and honest representation of
goods which has allowed him to eater to
the most critical people of Ferandina.

In the stationery line in this city there
is no gentleman who is better qualified to
handle a large and critical patronage than
Mr. F. W. Simmons, the subject of this
sketch, who has been with us for the
past twenty-five years and has in that
time added to his stock from time to time
until at the present period he has a full
and complete line of stationery, school
books, technical books, drawing instru-
ments, blank books, all newspapers and
magazines, sporting goods, etc. This gen-
tleman's house has been designated the
official repository for school books for
Nassau county by the Board of Public
Instruction. In addition to being active
in the work, he is compelled to employ
three clerks to aid in handling his large
trade and two stories are completely killed
with the immense stock he handles at all
times. The stock is of the best quality


and goods to suit the most fastidious
can easily be found here, a specialty being
made in high-lass and fashionable writ-
ing papers, correspondence and business
stationery. Mr. Simmons has taken spec-
ial pains with the interior of his house,
with the natural result that all of the
goods are so displayed as to make it a
very easy matter for any one to make
other pick of his goods.

Staple and Fancy Groceries
In the two years this gentleman has
been in this line here he has gained a
position which places him in the lead ot
the retail grocers of this community. Mr.
Kelly always has on hand a full and com-
plete stock of staple and fancy groceries,
fruits and produce, canned goods, and in
fact all the thousand one things which
are to be found in a house of this charac-
ter and magnitude. Mr. Kelly employs
two in addition to being active in the
work himself and special pains are taken
* to see that all who call are accorded the
most courteous and attentive service at all
times. The store occupied is on Center
street, near the main business portion of
the city and is 30x120. This entire space
is taken up with the large stock of high-
class goods this gentleman handles at ail
times and the displayal of them is such
as to win for him the approbation of all
who enter his house. Mr. Kelly operates
delivery wagons for the further conven-
ienee of his patrons and all who order
over the phone will find their goods deliv-
ered promptly and accurately.

There is no form of business industry
of more importance to a city than its
banking institutions, and without good ae-
commodations in this line the best city in
tne world would be a failure in commer-
cial and industrial lines. The citizens of
ternanmna may well congratulate them-
selves on the ideal and high-class aecom-
modations the First National Bank of this
city affords them. This bank has a capi-
tal of $100,000 and a surplus and undi-
vided profits of $100,00. The bank ranks
as one of the strongest in this section of
the South.
It is located in its own building near the
center of the business portion of the city,
and the hrst National Bank Building is
one of the most substantial in the city.
It is of brick and is two stories in height.
the vaults of this institution have been
especially constructed for them by the
Remington and Sherman Company, and
are among the strongest and best equipped
in the entire South.
The officers of the bank are Fred W.
Hoyt, President; J. H. Prescott, Vice-
President; Carl Waufield, Cashier, and
Fred W. Wood, Assistant Cashier.
The bank has recently installed a Sav-
ings Department, paying 4 per cent inter-
est on deposits, which has been found of
great benefit to the people of the city. A
general banking business is carried on.
The directorate is composed of the fel-
lowing gentlemen: H. J. Baker, Lewis A.
Davis, H. E. Dotterer, C. Downing, W. 0.
Jeffreys, E W. Lane, John G. McGiffin, J.
Misell, W. E. Page, J. H. Prescott and
Fred W. Hoyt.
The bank is a credit to the city and to
the State of Florida, and has always ben
a prominent supporter of all movements
that have in any way contributed to the
wealth and prosperity of the community
and the great State behind it.


The accommodations that, are afforded
our people in all walks of business life are
such as to win for this city the name
of being the largest city of her size in
the world and visitors are always sur-
prised at the conveniences and accommo-
dations we can give them in any line they
desire. One company that has had a great
deal to do with this state of affairs in
Fernandina is the Rodgers Transfer Com-
pany which has been located here for the
past two years, when this frm succeeded
the Amelia Transfer Co. Mr. J. W.
Rodgers, the proprietor, is one of the best
known business men in the state of Flor-
ida, and is ably seconded by Mr. Chase. B.
Capers, the manager of the establishment.
The quarters occupied are very large and

well arranged for a work of this nature,
and a full line of fine livery rigs can Il-
ways be had here. Rubber tired buggies
are made one of their specialties, and
moving vans of all sizes may be had at a
moment's notice. Five men are employed
and thirteen horses are used constantly
in the regular business of the house. A
livery, feed and sales stable is also car-
ried on, and five carriages, one hearse,
and four surreys are always ready for
calls made on them. This company has
the only moving van in the city and it is
quite a sight to see them handling the
household effects of our large residences
in a single load, thus saving time, and la-
bor on their parts, and breakage and finan-
eial expense to their patrons. Mr. Rodg-
ers pad Mr. Capers are both well known
business men of this state, Mr. Rodgers
being a well known turpentine man of
Lofton, Fla., where he generally resides.

The wholesaling and retailing of groce-
ries and produce always has and always
will be one of the most important func-
tions of the commercial development ot
any city and we can well felicitate our-
selves on the part wiich the above firm
and houses of its magnitude and high class
character have played in this city. J. &
N. Hardee's establishment has been locat-
ed heae for the past seven years and in
that time has had a growth that has been
little short ot marvelous. VWhile the tirm
started in a small way, twelve men are
now employed, in addition to Mr. Noble A.
Hardee, the active manager, and 5 teams
kept constancy busy handling their goods
throughout the city. The house they oc-
cupy on Center street, in the center of the
city, is one of the largest and best adapted
to a work of this character to be found in
this portion of the state. Two foors are
occuied with their goods, the ground
floor being 40x100, with a large office on
the second floor. Messrs. J. & N. Hardne
handle a full and complete stock of staple
and fancy groceries, canned goods, pro-
duce, fruits vegetables and in tact all the
thousand and one commodities which go
to make up the stock of a house of tils
character and magnitude. A list of their
goods will also include hardware, paints,
fishing tackle, cutlery, ammunition, fire
arms, confectionery, tobaccos, cigars, coal
and wood.

People may be trusted to trade at the
store that gives them the most for their
money and when we find the larger por-
tion of the people of a community can
be found trading at one particular store
it may be taken for granted that they
have picked out this store on account ot
certain features. This has been the case
with the above house and the factors
which have been potent in the advance-
ment aid growth of this firm have been
the sfe6ling business principles of the man-
agement, the high class goods they have
handled at all times, and the courteous
and attentive service that has been ren-
dered all who have called on them.
Messrs. J. & T. Kydd have been located
here for the past 35 years and in that
time have built up a clothing and ary
goods house that requires the se-vices (.f
seven clerks, and a trade that extends to
the full limits of the city. A large mall
order business is being carried on in addi-
tion to the city trade and their gods are
highly thought of wherever they have
been introduced. Wholesale is handled as
well as retail and a specialty is made ot
boots, shoes, oil skins, etc., of which they
handle the largest stock in the city. Ev-
erything needed in men's wear is to be
found hare and the firm guarantees to
save -their patrons money at all seasons
on anything bought of them. They are
located at the corner of center and Third
street, with a warehouse in the rear where
their goods are all housed until required
in the store, thus assuring their patrons of
a large selection at all times.

One of the oldest business houses in the
city is that of Mr. J. N. King. This
establishment was located here some forty
years ago by Angel and Friend, and 20
years ago was bought out by the uncle of
the present owner, and is one of the moo

modern of its kind to be found in this por-
tion of the state. Mr. King handles
Iakery goods, and confectionery, and is
also a dealer in staple and fancy groceries.
In addition to the large and growing busi-
ness he is handling in the city this gentle-
man supplies all the steamers, yachts and
sailing vessels which touch this port. A
baker and three clerks are employed in
addition to Mr. King being active in the
work and the quality of his goods have
made his name well known among all the
sailing and steamer masters of this por-
tion of the coast. A capital of $5,000 is
invested in the business and the bakery
department is equipped with all the latest
and most modern appliances for a work
of this nature. A mail order business is
also carried on and prompt and careful at-
tention is paid to all orders coming in
over the mail or phone. The present
owner took charge two years ago, his un-
cle having owned the store for twenty
years before this time.

Dr. W. Theo. Waas has been one of the
prominent men of this city for the past
thirty years, first as a practicing physi-
cian here and later as operator of the
best drug store in the community. Dr.
Waas is located at the corner of Center
and Fourth streets where he has been the
greater part of the time he has been
among us. lie has a very finely arrang-
ed and neatly kept house and the wall
cases, show cases, etc., are of the very
best quality. The stock of goods handled
is complete and high class in every respect
and only the most competent clerks are
employed. The best patronage of the city
is now centered on this house and espec-
ially is this the case in prescription fill-
ing, this gentleman having located most
of the trade in this particular line. A soda
fountain is operated all the year round
where the most popular and delicious
drinks may be had and where a compe-
tent attendant is always to be found. The
stock of toilet articles, notions, fancy, ar-.
tices, perfumes, rugs, medicines, patent
medicines, herbs, etc., is one of the best
to be found in the city and great care is
taken-to see that the store is always kept
in the most neat and sanitary condition.
The interior walls and ceilings are finish-
ed in white which gives a very fine effect
to the appearance of the entire house.

A survey of the realty situation in the
city of Fernandina shows moderate prices
in almost every location with a steady
and moderate increase in values which
means so much for the future of any city,
as there is nothing that will hurt a city's
future as much as mush-room prices in
realty which cannot he relied on to be the
same two days running. Most of the real-
ty and especially the unimproved and open
city and dock locations are controlled by
the above mentioned firm, which has been
located here since 1901. The Fernandina
Dock and Realty (C., shows in its his-
tory the strictly upright methods that
have always been used in the prosecution
of its business, and also the character and
ability of the men who are, and have,
been behind it for years. This firm owns
in its own name at the present time, two
thousand feet of improved water-front and
at least a mile of unimproved water front.
That is to say they have two thousand
feet of dockage and one mile of land and
water front suitable for docks. They also
have four hundred town lots suitable for
the location of business houses of any de-
scription and three hundred lots in the
suburbs suitable for factory sites, resi-
dence locations, etc etc. In a short and
concise manner it may ne said that they
control or own all the open locations in
the city. The officers of the company are
Messrs. Jackson Mizell, president, locat-
ed at Kings Ferry, Fla., and Jno. G. Mc-
Giffin, vice-president, W. O. Jeffreys,
t-easurer, W. K. Page, secretary, A. P.
Murphy, manager, located in Fernandina.
These men have shown over and over their
consummate fitness for the positions they
fill and it is a well known fact that this
company has done more and is doing more
for the future greatness of our city than
any other firm or corporation we have in
this portion of the state. 'the company
t is really a successor to the Florida Town

Improvement Company and The Ferna-
dina Development Company, these two
having been merged in 1901 and The Fer-
nandina Dock and Realty Company being
produced from the combination. Their of-
fices are to be found in the Dotterer build-
ing and it will well repay all who are
thinking of locations in this portion of
the country to drop them a letter or card,
or better still call on Mr. Murphy, their
energetic and affable manager, whom they
will find ready and willing to give them
good and unqualified advice on all the sur-
rounding country. The company is one
of the most public spirited to be found in
this portion of the country and are al-
ways to be found behind movements that
tend in any way to add materially to the
future wealth and prosperity of the city
in which they are located.

Among the men who have placed the
liquor business of this city on a safe and
reliable basis we wish to mention partic-
ularly R. D. Ballantine, the genial pro-
prietor of the above house, who has been
with us for the past eight months and has
shown in that time his eminent fitness
for the position which he holds here. Mr.
Ballantine is located on Center street a
few doors from the depot and has one ot
the best stocks of wines and liquors to
be found anywhere in this portion of the
state. Special pains are taken to see
that the liquors are of the best brands
obtainable and all patrons are assured
that their favorite beverages can be had
at a moments notice. The interior ar-
rangements of the house are such as to
win for this place the patronage of .me
best people of our community and Mr.
Ballantine has always been known as be-
ing one of our most upright and honest
business men. He has never spared him-
self, or his house in his efforts to please
the people of this city and that they real-
ize this fact is shown by the manner in
which they have fallen into the habit of
trading here. A pool table is furnished
for the further convenience and accommo-
dation of his patrons and two men are
employed behind the bar in addition to
Mr. Ballantine always being on hand to
see that the patrons of the house receive
the most prompt and courteous treatment
at all times. A specialty is perhaps made
of whiskies which are to be found here
in all their popular brands from the coun-
tries celebrates for the production of this
brand of goods. Wines, ales, liquors of
all kinds, bottled and draft beers can also
be had.

The stranger in the city of 'ernandina
is always impressed with the immense
amount of business done, and considering
the size of the city it is something re-
markable to realize that more shipping is
done from the port of Fernandina than
from any other city of the South Atlantic
coast. Among the large firms that have
contributed to this state of affairs we
wish to call the attention of our readers
to the Kelly Brothers Co., wholesale gro-
cers, ship chandlers and grain handlers.
This well known firm was established here
in 1889. They were incorporated in June
1906, and succeeded the F. W. Hoyt Co.,
moving into their present large and well
equipped location. A list of the goods
they handle would comprise staple and
fancy groceries, ship chandler goods, grain,
produce, building material, lime, cement,
brick, plaster, hardware, paints, etc. A
specialty is made of Harrison's Town and
Country Paints and the celebrated goods
manufactured by the Sherwin-Williams
Paint Co.
They now employ no less than twenty
men and several wagons are kept busy
with the city trade alone, in addition a
large mail order trade being carried on
in the smaller cities of the state. The
firm occupies three floors, 60xl20, with
their sales room, office and show room and
have a large warehouse on the dock, two
hundred by one hundred, where their sur-
plus stock is kept and from which their
goods are shipped all over the state. This
warehouse is one of the most admirably
located in the city having deep water on
one si'.e and the railroad side tracks on the
other. The officers are Messrs. J. J. Kel-
ly, president, and P. C. Kelly, vice-presi-


In all the lines of industry which to-
gether make up the total of our material
wealth and prosperity there is none more
essential or necessary than the liquor bus-
iness, and we dare say that all will agree
with us when we make the statement
that the liquor houses of Fernandina have
had more to do with its present high posi-
tion than any other one factor. Mr. L. G.
Hirth, the subject of this sketch, has
been with es for the past twelve years
and is really an importer, importing di-
rect all his liquors from that country
which excels in their specific production.
For instance his wines come from the
Rhine of France, his beers from Germany,
his whiskies direct from Scotland. The
main establishment is located on Center
street and is known as The Palace, and
it certainly is a palace, being without any
exception one of the finest saloons the
writer has ever seen in any city. The in-
terior arrangements are made with special
reference to the work in hand. The tiled
floor, the elegant mahogany bar, the cut
glass decanters, the hand painted walls,
with plate glass mirrors, the wall cases
with their fine decorations, the music, the
lights, etc., all lend an air of elegance to
the house which places it in a class by it-
self. Mr. Hirth makes a specialty of his
own brands of liquors, put up for himself
especially, and the stock is what one would
expect to find in a house of this character.
Mr. Hirth caters to whites only and to
gentlemen at that, no disorderly conduct
being allowed in the house. Eight men
are employed in the two houses, the other
being located on Third street. A whole-
sale and retail business is being carried
on and a specialty is made of the mail
order trade.

.L *. Wir, JEwrtur.
3n allen Stteiqen bet Anbuftrie unb
bet anbeIt bit bie Ouelle afleS Sobft
ftanbeg unb materieller Jrofperitat
finb, ift teiner to nottenbig unb fiir
bae emporbliiben tleinerer tatbte unb
rttfdjaften bon daratteriftifdber Bidp=
tigfeit als bas VSein=, Sier= unb
,,!iquor"=(%efdidft; toi finb bet Wrn=
fidct, balf eS gerabe biefe Brandie in
8ernanbino ift, bie mebr al4 irgenb
tine anbere baiu beigetragen bat, jter
nanbina ju bem ju madten, tva# et
beute ift.
0err 2. ~. Otirtb, ber feit 12 3ab=
ten tier antdffig ift, ift einer bet mar=
tanteflen Sertreter, biefer Stand)e in
iernanbina; et importirt alle Saaren
felbit au4 ben betreffenben SBnbern,
twelde bie erfidbiebenen Wrtifel probu=
jiren. So bejiebt er 1. !. fine feinen.
Seine bittt auo Ttantreidi, fein Sier
aus ber alten $aterlanbe, fine USbi =
tie aus Sd(ottlanb; elbftrebenb bat
er auner importirten aBaaren aull ein=
beimifdbe t3eine unb siere. )a6 aupt=
@tabliffement befinbet fid) in bert (en=
ter=ttreet unb ift hunter bem 9lamen
,,_%be alace", ein bet betannteften
!otate ber Stabt, bae feinen 'lamen in
jeber Segiebung terbient, benn bie !3ar
ipt ine ber eleganteften unb fd)i6nten,
bie tirt e (elegenbeit batten nu teben.
Tie Iuestattung in geld(nilten RWaba=a
goni=ooli ift b6bdit tiinlterifd) unb
lrirtung voll.
Ter in Sofait ausgeleqte ulIboben,
bie mit ftimmung ollen 0(enre = Sil=
bern gef"dmiidten 'anbe, bie triftatle=
nen arafften unb qefcbtiffenen Spiegel
unb fd(bn auseftatteten 'uffettf(rdnte,
unb bae elettriflde Bogenlidft, geben
benm fanaen einen aufierft gebiegenen
unb eleganten 3on. aerr ibirtb, ber
bem ekfidifte felbft vorftebt, bat ein
au4gebelbntes eager unb fiibrt als Spe=
jialitdt eigene Iarten, bie pom fi itil=
let frit ibn betgefteUt werben unb bie
ibn in Stanb Feen ein umfanqreid)e
,,Wail=Crber" = @efd)ift iu betreiben.
a jStnilite @efd)aft befinbet fi(d in ber

britten ttase, fo bafei err firtb adtt
Atngeftette utr Sebienung bet Sabltti=
dben (iifte batten muf.
The position which the German nation
has held for years in the liquor line has
been one of leading prominence and we
dare say that Mr. J. C. Rutishauser, the
subject of this article, is as good an ex-
ample of the high-class and up-to-date re-
tailer of liquors as we could find in
this city. Mr. Rutishauser is located at
the corner of Third and Center streets and
handles a full and complete line of liquors
of every description all the best brews and
brands of the various countries being
found here. His location is one admirably
adapted to the work in hand and the house
is always kept in the most neat and sani-
tary condition at all times. The interior
arrangements are very homelike and com-
fortable, the comfort of his patrons being
of prime importance to this gentleman.
Special pains is taken to see that the stock
is kept up to the best standard and is
always full and complete, so that patrons
need not fear not being able to get their
favorite drink here. The interior is fin-
ished in white enable with hard-wood bar
and sideboards, and -in the thirty-four
years this gentleman has been here he has
come to bie one of the best known men in
the city. Mr. Rutishauser is a very genial
and well-liked gentleman and has done
much to place the retailing of liquors o.n
a reputable and solid basis in this portion
of the State.

3. C. aittts"atr, Smritum.
Tie 'ofiition, bie ber Teutfdbe im
Spirituofen=(ecdt ft feit 3abrebnten
inne bat, ift eine fiibrenbe, leitenbe
gewoefen unb toir tonnen uns feinen
befferen sertreter bes (efrdiftes ben=
ten, al6 bFerrn 3. G. Wiitisbaufet, bet
Seinem jeben al Skeipiel eine4 erfabrea
nen (Weicdiftsmanne gelten tann.
berr Wuti4baufer bat fein Votal an
bet (de bet britten unb (enter
Street unb bat ein grofec .ager
aler biejigen unb importierten Vheine
unb iere. Iie @efd4iftelage ift bie
bentbat befte, unb ba 0err Wiitisoaufer
auf peinlid)e Sauberteit, aufmertfame
Sebienung unb mafiige 3reife fiebt, er=
frent fid) fein 1laO eines grofen
Runbentreifes. Tie innere Winrid)tung
ift diuverft gebiegen unb mad)t einen
redet gemiitlid)en Winbrud. ua.a Yotal
ift in toeiB gebatten, bat eine febr ge=
JdfmadDolle Bar in (Sid)enb)ol, unb feit
34 :abren, in been oir berrn Wiitie=
bauner in ternanbina Sut Qeniige We=
legenbeit batten tennen au lernen, mur
ibm I Lnertennung geollt rerben fiir
fine unternebmenbe @ef(dgiftstitigteit;
er bat biel bagu beigettagen, bha
Spirituoten=@etdbaft in aernanbina
auf gebiegener Safii ju erbatten.
One of the leading liquor men of this
city is Mr. J. J. Rutishauser whom we
have taken the liberty of making the sub-
ject of this sketch, and who has been
located here since 18S9. Mr. Rutishauser
is' interested in many features of the busi-
ness life of this city, notably Ieing agent
for the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Associa-
tion, St. Louis Draught and Bottled Beers,
proprietor of the Acme Bottling Works,
producers of all kinds of soda waters, gin-
ger ale, sarsaparilla, liquid carbonic acd
gas. etc., etc. This gentleman is located
in one of the finest houses to be ground
in this city, large and complete, with two
stories, and where he always has a stock
of his goods on hand which will meet de-
mands which may be made on it from
time to time. He does a retail, wholesale
and mail order business in all his coim-
modities and has filled a very large posi-
tion in the city in the time he has been
among us. Mr. ltutishauser is treasurer
of the Amelia Cainningi and Manufacturing
Co., and president of the Isaac Flaacks Ci-
gar Manufa(turing Co. Nine are em-
ployed in the liquor and bottling works,

and a complete line of their commodities
is always kept ready for shipment. Mr.
Rutishauser is also operating the hotel
just over his location, at the corner of
Third and Ash and has sixteen of the
most completely furnished and nicely ar-
ranged rooms to be found in the city. The
part which a gentleman of this character
plays in this city is one of great import-
ance and-his sterling business honor and
careful attention to all the manifold bus-
iness interests in which he is interested
have had much to do with the success of
the various firms. Mr. Rutishauser and
Mr. U. Gerhing are very much interested
together in several large businesses in this
State and their names are too well known
for sterling honesty and business integrity
to require more than a mention at our
hands in these pages. They have also
located a new enterprise near the city, in
which two hundred acres of fertile soil
have been opened in a floriculture grounds
and which will furnish a great deal of em-
ployiment to our people. These gentlemen
are also at the head of the Amelia Can-
ning and Manufacturing Company, located
at Amelia. Florida, one of the largest and
most modern establishments of its kind,
and one that is steadily nearing comple-
tion. This factory will be finished and
open for business about October and will
rank with the largest of its kind in the
State, employing from one to two hundred
men all the year round. They will can
oysters and also make the shells into com-
mercial notions and specialties.

3. 3. I *r.
tiner ber prominenten tterren im
Siquor=tkefdift in iernanbina iPft er
S. 3. SWitiisbaufer, ben tit ir um
@egenftanb biefer Stijje maien tmoflen
unb ber bier feit bem ~abre 1889 an=
fiffig ift. Oerr Wiitibautfer ift in
terfcdiebenen eld)dfttbranuden tatig
unb ift feit 3abren @neraol-gentt ber
unbeuter SBufd) treming Wff'n., St.
2ouis, Wo., been lafdpenu unb
gafbier er tertreibt; er ift Se3Ftv ber
Wrcme Sottling 2Bort, bie ein aunge=
jeid(neteo Sobaoaffer, singer = lte,
Sartaparilla zc. in ben banbel bringen.
4oerr Wutiboaufer ift Sdbaymeifter ber
Wmelia Sanning unb 'Wfg. o. unb
trdfibent ber 3faac alaadS iigar
Wfg. (so. Ta @efi6fttbaus ift ein
ber ftdonften ber (tabt unb in better
Sage, grofl, ertiumig, soeiPftdig.
ferr Wtittibaufer forget fir ein comr
pletet agert u jeber 3eit unb toirb
ben woeitgebenben Siinfd)tn feiner abl;I
reidptn Runben in jeber Seife geredit;
fein gngros= unb Tetail=@efdift, fo=
oit bie ,,mail orber" madden ibn gu
ben befdiftigften Wanne ber Stabt.
Zeun Ingeftellte finb ton frfii bi8 fpat
bei itbm titig unb ba e toern Wiitif=
tauter an ben ntbigen gacilitaten jut
Serlabung unb jum transport ber
V2aren nidet mangelt, bat er fktet
grope 91a(dfrage. Aerner betreibt er
im antfe tin fleinef, abet febr tomr
fortabel eingeridtttete Dotel, bae gerabe
burd) feint eage, (@de %birb= unb W bl=
Street Fr art frequentiert tirb.
Derr Wiitisbaufer bat fid bunb fine
jubortommenbe treunblidbteit, feinen
regen (Wefd$iftteifer unb reelle anb=
lung4roeie teinen grofen treunbettrei
enotrben, fobat beute fein t ame inning
mit bem gnmporbliilbn bet tabt etr
nanbina erfniipft ift. &rrr 3iiti&
baufer unb Derr 0erbring finb nod) an
anberen (efdiaften beteiligt nnb baben
erft tiirjlid) 200 Wdetr anb angetauft,
bao ingtoidfen tultitoiert oorben
ift unb jut Slumenjugnt bor tiegenb
tt4erenbung finben loll. gin wmitert
Vrojett, an been Spige bit genannten
oerren fteben, ift bie im !Bau begrif=
fent Wmetia (fanning & Vanufactur=
ing (So., in Wmelia, gla.; biefe iabrit
roirb eine ber gtrtten unb mobermfen

terben, in bet Wuften itmerbitt me.
ben unb audt Wufternf4ale in ier
manigfaCben Sketwetung utrarbitet
wotben folen. Zit rabrifl ~itb fbe
October fertig gefellt fein unb 200
angeftlelten efd5ftigung geben.

"The South is not, by crying out for
white laborers and settlers, endeavor-
ing to drive out the negro. We know
that the introduction of white labor
will stimulate the negro to greater
exertions than he has ever been called
upon to make in his own behalf, and
make him a better citizen, if he $an
be made such. When the South built
her mills she drew her labor from the
fields. These were native white peo-
ple, largely of the tenant farmer class.
In South Carolina there are today, in-
cluding children, in round numbers,
150.000 of our phite population em-
ployed in the mills-more than one-
fifth of the total white population of
the State. These people were former-
ly producers. They have now been
converted into consumers and some-
body must raise the supplies that are
necessary, owing to the increase by
1.50.000 of consumers, and the corres-
ponding decrease of producers. The
negro is not raising supplies; he is
raising cotton, and as a cotton work-
er he is wanted in preference to every
other class of help. In 1880 South
Carolina had only 2,018 operatives,
while in 1900, seven years ago, she had
30.201. In 1880, 294,02 of our peo-
ple were engaged in agriculture, 198,-
147 of these being laborers; in 1900,
notwithstanding the increase of popu-
lation, there were but 393,093 person
engaged in all agricultural pursuits,
and of these only 237,326 were labor-
ers, less than 40,000 more than those
laboring in the fields twenty years
before!"-From address by Commis-
sioner E. J. Watson, of South (Cro-
lina, before the Annual Convention
American Manufacturers' Association,
May 15th: 1907.





Fernandin,. Florida

William B. C Duryce



General Commission


Fernandina, Florida


3 3 Sanford, the Celery Center of Florida 3 3 [

Sanford, Florids, has no active compet-
itor in the entire state when it come to
a location for health, wealth and general
commereal and industrial activity, aad
it is no more than fitting that in these
pages we should give them the space
which is theirs by right. Sanford is
located in the heart of the truck farming
district of Florids two hundred miles
south of Jack vile by river, one hun-
dred and twenty-Ave by rail, on the south
bank of the body of water known as
Lake Monroe. This section of the coun-
try is without any exception one of the
inest in the world and in another portion
of this book will be found descriptions ,f
the growths which have been achieved
here in the farming lines. Sanford is
also located on the heights over looking
the St. John's river, and is the only real-
ly bealthy and cool place in the state
dig the warm summer months. The
eitizens of this community never have to
go away during the warmest months as
they can always find a cool, delightful
breeze either off the river or from the
ake. Although this is comparatively
speaking an old town, still it has only
lately been opened up in an industrial
way. It was the wonderful growth of
celery which has first attracted the at-
tention of the civilized world to Sanford
and this portion of the state. Iater on
we give a special article and notice on
Celery Growing in Sanford, by no less
an authority than Mr. Whitner. The city
is one of the most modern to be found
of its size, has fine streets, water of the
very best quality and quantity, the most
enterprising citizenship in the world, and
is peopled with a race of men who think
and justly, that there is no city in the
world like theirs. The city is very beau-
tiful, and well laid out. realty is high
but not too high, and has had a steady
and yet rapid growth in the past few
Churches and Sche ..
No city in the world has better rell-
gios or educational advantages to offer
to the homeseeker than ours. The
churches embrace all the prominent de-
nominations and faiths and are wel laid
out and have for pastors men of worth
and oratory. Special attention is paid to
the stranger and all who call are extend-
ed the right hand of good fellowship.
The attendance is very large, in propor-
tion to the sie of the city and comprise
the best business men and residents of
our city. The schools are well systemat-
ised, and the school building is one of the
nest in the entire state. It is large and
commodious and the teachers and instruc-
tors are numbered among Florida's most
able instructors.
The school will contain many more peo-
ple than they have at present and there
is no fear that your child or children
will not be able to get the best social and

We have faith in the future of SanferA.
Kew why? Ask a and we will tell
ymp. urrel ad Pwers.

First Street, Looking East.
educational advantages in the institution
of our city.
Agricultural Interests
We now come to answer the question
of "What Sanford has to offer the far-
mer?" Do you think, you who are al-
ready a farmer in another and poorer see-
tion of the country, that open air inten-
sive farming which brings from one o
two. thousand dollars per acre is worth
investigation. Do you think that a
country where the sun is always shin-
ing is worthy your attention, where from
three to four crops per year can be raised
and where a farm of fifty acres will pay
more money into your pocket in twelve
months than will one of five hundred in
some other farming districts of the coun-
try in twenty-four, is capable of being
turned into a good paying investment In
truck growing alone there is no country
in the world which is the superior of ours.
The lands while they are valuable are
still low in price as the rush to this por-
tion of the country has only fairly
started, and can be had at an average of
$35 per acre. This may be paid in install--
ments or in cash as the farmer desires,
or land may be had for which the work
of the farmer and a portion of his crop
shall apply for a number of years on the
purchase price of the lands. A few ex-
tracts from the statement of Mr. H. H.
Chapman follows; also one from Mr. J. E.
Pace, a practical grower.
Vegetables Grown at Sanford, Fla.
"Your inquiry of recent date regarding
the truck farming interest of the San-
ford. Fla.. section. My experience only
covers a few crops but think that I can
claim a smcess. Farm consists of five
acres tile drained land. We use the til-
ing in connection with artesian wells for
irrigation. This insures plenty of water
indmendent of rains.
"The past season my crops were celery.
lettuce, beans, cucumbers, esgplants and
tomatoes, all of which we raise in succes-
sive crops. Lettuce followed by celery
and then eggplant; two crops of lettuce
and tomatoes, or eggplant, beans, lettuce
and encuumbers. With the proper combi-
nations. planted at the right time. will
insure us three money crops in one sea-
son. To the above should be added beets.
Strawberries also grow to perfection here.
and in fact we grow everything that can
be grown anywhere. Potatoes and cab-
bage are also sure crops, but we treat
them more as field crops rather than a
trucker's crop. My net sales from five
acres have averaged about $4500.00 per
"The chances are better here for a man
of small capital than anywhere else in
this great country of ours. There is so
much to be said in favor of this section it
is rather difficult to know where to stop.
The trucking lands are still cheap and can
be purchased on the most favorable

For information about Sanford apply,
to the Florikd Real Estate and Insurance

its elegant line of Clyde steamers. It
also has very fine rail facilities, facilities
which bid fair to be increased as there is
more call for transportation lines. As a
distributing center for wholesale firms
there is none finer, except perhaps Jack-
sonville, and there are many who think
that in the coming years the city of San-
ford will take its place as one of the
largest distributing points in the entire
state of Florida.
Immigration to Sanford.
Each day the steamers and railways
are leaving large crowds of people, home-
seekers. Northern and Eastern investors,
capitalists, etc., in the city of Sanford
and the country round about, and as a
natural result the prices of all lands in
the vicinty are going up as people with
money drop in and gobble up the bar-
gains in this line. The tide is strong
and steady and we have no fear for the
future when we see this strong and
sturdy peopling of our country. Perhaps
the farmers are more prominent than any
-terms; will take pleasure in answering other one class and this is one of the
any and all inquiries, finest signs of our future prosperity we
"Respectfully, have.
"H H. CHAPMAN." Celery Growing.
Sanford, Florida. What can be done with celery here is
something fabulous and would hardly be
These Three Are Grown Successively in believed by the average person who has
One Season. not studied the question from a cold and

"Replying to your inquiry would say:
I have been growing vegetables for the
past ten years, and I grow celery, let-
tuce and eggplant. We can grow from
800 to 1,000 crates per acre which sell
readily at $1.25 to $3.00 per crate f. o. h.
Sanford. We can grow 300 to 500 crates
of lettuce per acre, which finds a ready
market at $1.00 to $1.50 per crate f. o. b.
"Eggplant, about 600 to 800 crates per
acre, which average $1.00. White we can
grow any variety of vegetables here we
think the above the most profitable, and
with our artesian irrigation we think
them safe crops.

Sanford, Florida.
r-- ---

"J. E. PACE."

impartial viewpoint. Two crops and of-
ten three are produced between October
and June. Celery and lettuce lead but
the production of all other crops is on the
steady increase here. Two hundred aad
twenty-five acres, set in celery, yielded
eight hundred and twenty-two car load
lots, and netted $411,000.00. Think of it
you who are striving to make a living for
a growing family and having a hard time.
It is irrigation that does it and the cheap
methods of getting water from the St.
John's river, and Lake Monroe both lim-
itless in their scope and quantity has
been the means of making this the great-
est celery growing country in the world.
In quality the goods grown here rank
first A No. 1, in the markets of the
world and are driving the growths of oth-J


Public School Building.
Sanford as a Distributing Center. er states, formerly famous for their eel-
The consensus of opinions seems to be cry into second place. Then too celery
that Sanford would make a very fine dis- can be grown here much sooner, and got-
twbuting center for all sorts of manufae- ten to the market six weeks before that
turned goods, and the region around would from the West. We attach here an ex-
furnish the raw materials for factories of tract from a tabulation given us by the
many kinds, notably, furniture, rattan, Holden Real Estate Company of San-
cotton seed oil mills, saw mills turpentine ford, a reliable and well known firm deal-
works and stills, etc., etc. Anyone put- ing almost exclusively in truck growing
ting money into a factory of almost any farms. To show they are not prejudiced
description in Sanford would reap large we refer to other articles in this paper:
retruns in the next few years, returns Cost of five-acre farm:
which would pay for the investment in a Land $100 per acre ............$ MOLO0
year or so and leave the rest of the his- Clearing. plowing and fencing 0O
tory of the factory one of largely paying an acre ....................... 3
dividend years. Sanford is the head of Piping with three inch tiling $100
navigation on the St. Johns river, with per acre .................... 5a6

The Florida Real Estate and Insurance "We will ten you all about Sanfed
Agency has al the information all the for a postal card." Florida Real Etate


and Insurance Agency.


Irrigation well ................ 75.00
Boards for bleaching celery...... 350.09

Cost of rop of Lettuce:
Fertilizer, 80 per acre ........$ 400.00
Labor, $75 per acre ............ 375.00
Crates, packing, cartage at 20e
package for yield of 500 crates
per acre ...................... 400.00

Profits, gross, 2, 00 crates at
$1.50 .. ..................... .750.00

Net ............ ............. .,575.00
Cost for Celery:
Fertilizer at $120.00 per acre .... 600.00
Labor at $100.00 per acre ...... 500.00
Crates, packing, etc, at 20e per
crate ........................ 800.00

Profit, gross, 800 crates per acre.
4,000 crates, at $1.75 .......$7,000.00
Net ...................... ....$5.100.00
Cost of Tomatoes or Eggplant:
Fertilizer at $30.00 per acre ... .$ 150.00
Labor at $50.00 per acre ....... 250.00
Orates, etc. ................... 300.00

$ 700.00
Profit, gross, 30h rates per acre,
1500 crates at $1.75 per rate. $2,25.00

Net .........................$1,92.00
Florida is the poor man's paradise.
Nowhere on earth can a living be made
from the soil with as little effort as in
this state and nowhere on the green
earth will a little money and energy ap-
plied to sol culture yield half the re-
turn for the investment.
A greater number of high-priced pro-
ducts are grown in Florida than can be
grown anywhere else in the United
States. Vegetables and fruits, grown and
put on the market when the market is
otherwise bare of them and when they
sell as luxurious, and not necessaries.
"No State in the Union has a- lower
death rate sad none no small a rate of in-
fant mortality.
Diphtheria and Typhus, these scourages
of humanity are scarcely known. People
come here from everywhere in sarch of
health; when it also becomes thoroughly
understood that this glorious climate
makes as easily for wealth as it does for
health, we will not have land enough to
place the immigration that will flood the
State. Florida made a wonderful eain in
population in the decade ending 1900. only
one state exceeding her percentage aof
gain. She will show at the top of the list
in 1910.
S&ford the Bet.
Any part of the state is good. and the
immigrant an hardly go amiss, but be-
yond a doubt, the lands lying around
Sanford, in Orange county, have the
greatest earning capacity and are the
most valuable in the state.
The reasons are many, but the very
particular reason is that at an average
depth of 100 feet is found an unfailing
supply of artesian water, furnishing the
most abundant and cheapest irrigation in
the world.
This to the modern, scientific farmer,
doing intensive farming and forcing his
crops, is half the battle.
The cheap tile piping put in to dis-
tribute this water, drains the land and
aerates it also.
Sanford has more railroads than any
place in the state except the metropolis,
Jacksonville; and being also located on
the St. Johns river, has the benefit of
water competition, giving it the beat
freight rate of any town in the trucking
and fruit growing section.
This abundant and cheap irrigation en-
ables the Sanford farmer to produce
three crops between October lst and
June 1st. each eason. Lettuce. celery
and tomatoes or eTgplant-in the order
named, i- the rotation; and a five-acre
farm on this Sanford land will vield more
income than $800000.00 invested in
United States bonds.
The figures may seem unreasonable but
we beh to assure yon that they are coa-

Fr any particulars e Sanford or
cotry round abset, address Florida Real
Estate ad Isurance Agency.

servative and are not based on the ex-
perience of an exceptional man or upon
an exceptional crop. These figures are
the average experience of a number of
average farmers; any man you meet
around Sanford will verify them.
There are dozens of farmers who have
accumulated small fortunes here in the
last half dozen years. If our statements
are doubted, write to any of the following
named gentlen.en fo. confirmation: A.
Robbins, ex-mayor; F. L. Woodruff, ex-
mayor; C. M. Hand, mayor; F. H. Rand,
president First National Bank; '. P.
Forster, cashier first National Bank; M.
M. Smith, president Peoples Bank, or any
business man in Sanford.
Less than ten years ago not a bunch of
celery or head of lettuce was grown at
Sanford; and scarcely a man who is
growing these crops successfully now but
was then engaged in s:;':e otner business;
and scarcely anw oif thein knew any-
thing at alll aout farming.
Your Northern crops are harvested be-
fo:e it is time to plant here. Why not
come down to Florida out of the cold and
grow a more profitable crop than you can
grow on your own farm? The change of
climate will add years to your life and
you will besides double your earning ca-
pacity. Orange growers have been doing
this for years and for several seasons
past an increasing number of truckers
have Iten farming here in the winter
and farm.ng in the No'th in the sum-
mer. It's the easiest thing imaginable.
It's the only soft snap farmers ever had.

Size in Iopulation does not mean any-
more than size of body does, it is not al-
ways the largest cities which are the
best for the average man. In fact it is
very seldom that an average man will
make as much monev in large cities as
he will in small. It is the quality of the
people that counts. Sanford has always
had a most happy, healthy-minded and
law-abiding citizenship. They are hard
workers, and while to a stranger the busy
rush of our little city may seem a trifle
stern, still he will soon fall into the way
of it. Our people are workers while the
work is to le done and do their playing
afterwards. They are fond of out-loor
sports. as all healthy and normal people
are, and contrive to have a great deal of
harmless pleasure in the daily routine of
their lives. They are alive, not a dead
one in the entire town, and have always
shown themselves the most hIlpitable of
people. They welcome the stranger and
make him feel at home at once, and are
easy people to know in every way. They
are normal. They are self-reliant. They
have energy. They have push. And more'
than all this they have unbounded faith
in their city and their state, their country
and themselves, and in the future. This
mere than any other one thing has been
responsible for the great growth we have
had in the past few years. Better a city
of two thousand live ones than one of
ten thousand dead ones, and they are all
very lively in Sanford. She has just
opened herself up to the world and is
be:'inning to show what she can do with
the natural result that her growth has
been phenomenal in the past two or three
years, and yet has not had any of that
mushroom variety, but is steady and re-
This is a question paramount with all
who are thinking of locating here. San-
ford's health has become almost prover-
bial in the Southern States. She is lo-
cated in the finest spot in God's own
country. Florida. She has the best of
water, and the cleanest of streets. She
has good cool air blowing over her at all
times. She has a high state of civalizati'n
in her people, and has the latest and most
sanitary arrangements for good health.
The death rate here is lower than in any
other portion of the country. The rate of
birth increase is higher. Spring water-
that solves the question of health. As the
water is. so are the people, and no is their
health. 98 per cent pure according to the
most critical tests. This is what makes
Sanford the most healthful part of

We have had actual experience in
growing celery. Ask us. Florida Real
Estate and Isurance Agency.

Retail Stores of Sanford.
The retail stores of our city are large
and well stocked and the fact that the
people are not at all given to mail order
work, but believe in patronizing home in-
dustry makes it a very fine place in which
to locate. We have room for more, and
will always have room for more good
stores. This is another feature which has
made Sanfo.d great; they put their money
into circulation at home and take a chance
at getting it back in the regular chan-
nels of circulation. If they sent it all
away out of the city and out of the state
it would stay away and there would be
that much less in circulation. The
strength of the city financially is a-iwn
by the large and well regulated banks,
captained by men of ability and energy.
There is no fear that the banks of this
city cannot handle all accounts of any in-
vestor coming in here and he will be cour-
teously and attentively served to the best
of their ability. They are eminently safe,
and comprise the People's Bank, capital-
ized at $30,000 and the First Natilial,
one of the strongest banks in the southern
portion of the state.

E. Aalick.
This has always been one of the most
popular houses of call in this city and
no mention of the various phases of the
advancement of Sanford would be com-
plete without some mention of it and the
prominent place its proprietor, the ever
popular ld Aulick, has played here in
the two short months e has been with
us. In this time this gentleman has shown
that he has "made good" with a rush and
now has a great deal of the very best pat-
ronage of the city centered on his hooe.
He has a most neatly, and tastefully ar-
ranged location and his stock of beers,
Loth bottled and draught, wines, both for-
rign and domestic, ales, porters, cordials,
brandies, whiskies, etc., is of the very
best quality obtainable in the large marts
of the world. Mr. Aulick has had a great
many years' experience in the work of
this nature %ihich has placed him in a
line position to cater to a high class and
critical patronage, and all his active busi-
ness life has fitted him for the success
which has been his while here. A special-
ty is made of Kentucky and N. C. Rye
and Corn, Budweiser, Miller and Milwau-
kee Iwers, ginger ales, gins, etc., etc. This
gentleman has perhaps done as much to
place his calling on a reputable basis here
s any one man in the city.

On April the first, 1907, the Sanford
Real Estate and Collecting Agency was
established with no lesser men at its
lead than C. E. Godbee, as manager, and
Sapt. W. A. Fitts, and has since shown
that the experience of these gentlemen,
coupled with the fine accommodations they
are enabled to give their patrons is going
:o make their name well known here be-
fore many years have passed away. Mr.
Godbee comes to us from Georgia with
high recommendations of character and
ability and, as we have said before, has
shown even thus early in his career here
that he is thoroughly conversant with the
rule both of business and real estate work.
A fine line of celery and farm lands are
to be had as well as timber, turpentine
residence and business property, factory
and mill sites,. etc., etc. Mr. Godbee has
made a specialty of collecting here, hence
the firm being the first man to install a
regularly conducted and modern method of
collecting has had great success with this
l'ne of work. Mr. (odbee has been with
us for two years while Capt. W. A. Fitts,
his partner, was one of the best known
and most smncessful realty manipulators
of Birmingham for many years.

The onva'd n-arch of progress has been
very c'ns-ivcro s in the city of Sanford
;n th" last few years and in no line has
;t I:e-n mo'e so than it has in the whole-
'ale lines, which are handled here by men

Murrel & Powers, of the Florida Real
Estate and Insurance Agency know all
about Sanford. ASK THEM.

of ability and genius in their various call-
ings. We wish to make particular mention
of the part which Mr. J. E Pace has play-
ed here in wholesale seeds, hay, grain, fer-
tilizer, crate material, celery growers' sup-
plies, etc., etc. This gentleman is located
in one of the finest structures for a wor
of this nature to be found in this commun-
ity and the stock of goods he has always
on hand has more than filled all demands
made on it. He has aided the growth
of celery, our great product, and has al-
ways seen to it that there were crates
enough on hand to handle all stocks of
fruits, etc., which were to be sent away
from Sanford to the markets of the North
and East. Mr. Pace has been seven years
in business here and owns his own two-
tory brick structure, 50xl00, on the A.
C. L. sidetracks. Mr. Pace is an extensive
celery grower himself, having thirty-two
acre set for this delightful relish and
shipping from seventy-five to one hundred
carload lots per year. Twenty acres are
also set in lettuce and 32 cars of this
are loaded yearly by this gentleman. Mr.
Pace has other lands in large lots, not
under cultivation, which he is too busy
to work and which can be had at the pre-
railing price of lands in this portion of
the country. Mr. Pace has always takeL
a large part in the developrsnt of our
city and State and can be rehba on to do
his very best for Sanford at all times.

We wish to offer our thanks and appre-
ciation to Mr. Wister Mason Plaxeo, who
has furnished a great many of the euta
which adorn this write up of Sanford. Mr.
Plaxeo has always shown himself a most
liberal man when it came to aiding the
city in any way at all, and it is greatly
due to his liberality that we have be
able to make these pages as presentable
as they are. Mr. Plaxeo is sole proprietor
of the Plaxco Printing Press, well known
in this city and one of the most modern
and up-to-date to be found in any city the
size of Sanford in the country. Mr. Plax-
co employs two men, has a modern and
up-to-date line of equipment and is in an
admirable position to do all kinds of work
for our people in the printing and engrav-
ing lines. He is an able man in his own
line and takes special pains to see that
his patrons are always treated in an at-
tentive and courteous manner. Mr. Plax-
co has filled a large place here in the year
he has been with us and is a man we
would most certainly miss if he should
leave the community.

Wines, Liqoer, Beer.
There is perhaps no gentleman in the
wine and liquor business in the city of
Sanford who has occupied as high a posi-
tion in the annals of our business life as
has Mr. T. M. Sullivan, the subject of this
sketch, who has been the leading liquor
man here for the past fourteen years,
and who now employs no less than six
men to aid him in handling the immense
patronage he has built up for himself
among the best people of this city. Mr.
'ullivan has had many years' experience
in a work of this nature which has en-
abled him to accord courteous and atten-
fire service to his patrons, to fit his house
up in the manner in which it will be most
acceptable to his patrons and to lay in a
stock of goods which is second to no other
in the community. Mr. Sullivan has the
exclusive agency for "Palmer's Whiskey,"
A nheuser-Busch products, bottled and on
draught. and also some of the other well
known and highly thought of beers, whis-
kies. ales, wines, porters, cordials, mineral
waters. etc., etc. Cigars and tobaccoes
are also handled by this up-to-date and
enterprising firm and it is not going too
far to say that Mr. Sullivan has the best
trade in the liquor line in the city. Mr.
Sullivan is one of ohr most able and pop-
ular men and has always impressed all
favorably with whom he has been brought
in contact. in either a business, social or
personal way. He is a man of large ideas
and will succeed more in the future even
than he has in the past.

Information cheerfully furniahebd
celery grow an all its feature by
the Florida Real Estate ad Inmw re


Holden Real Estate Cotimpway
S ; - _ :, " -- s
-. . -' / *

Florida has always been known as a
hne state agriculturally, and yet some of
her strongest adherents have been afraid
to tell of the wonderful results which open
air, intensive farming have accomplished
here. Farms of more than fifty acres are
coming to be almost unknown now, and
ifty acres, cultivated in an intensive way,
will yield double, in proportion, the net
proft, that ve hundred will in another
portion of the world enltivated in the
ordinary slip-hod fashion. This land here
is too valuable, gives too good returns for
the money invested, to be thrown away
on poor or unskilled methods of farming.
To say that open-air farming will yield
here from three to even four crops on the
same ground per year, and will lear any-
thing from oni to two thousand dollars
($1,000-2,00) per acre sounds too good
to be true. It sounds more like fancy,
a fairy tale, or the weH known "pipe
dream," than it does like the real truth,
but there are so many instances here of
such being the case that it may be taken
as an axiom, or "a thing which may be
assumed as being self-evident." That one
and one make two is sure, but no more

Celery Growing at Sanford, Ps.
so than that Florida, especially that por-
tion around Sanford, is the coming agri-
cultural country of the world. The poor
man with only his labor can acquire a
home, free from the nerve-racking mort-
gage more quickly here than anywhere
else in the world. It naturally follows
that he will have a larger and quicker

ford uses more crates for the local market
than any other point in the State. A
sand-lime-brick plant, a concrete block
plant, and a tile drain plant would all be
good money-makers. $300,0.00 could be
invested here immediately in buildings and
residences, paying from twelve to twenty-
five per cent. This is also a fne location

growing bank account. Read the per cap- for a great hotel. The Holden RBal Etate
ita in the banks of the country-the Agency to whom we ae Idebted for the
farmers' banks. It is higher than in the above information, is one of the best
supposedly wonderful wheat fields of the known frms in this country and is in a
northwest and Canada. And it does not position to handle large investments of

require a few thousand acres of land to
realize this, either. The farming proposi-
tion here is so good that local capital will
touch no other form of investment, hence
Sanford offers great opportunities for bus-
iness development. River and rail give it
the best distributing facilities of any
place in the State, Jacksonville alone ex-
eepted. A wholesale grocery house would
do a great business. We have plenty of
timber and cheap freight rates. A saw-
mill is badly needed and would pay large
dividends on the amount invested. A crate
factory would make its proprietor fixed for
life in a very short space of time. San-

every form of realty known to modern
man, either agricultural, horticultural,
business, residence or industrial sites be-
ing always at their disposal. They ave
$75,000 invested of their own money in
this community and could invest mch
more, profitably, for their patrols. They
buy and sell more property than all others
combined and lead in readiness to give
propositions to bona fide business men,
which are well worthy of investigation.
Write them for literature and Informa-
tion on the wonderful city of Sanford and
surrounding country. They will tell yno
concisely and truly.

ling of the finished product in order that

it may reach the consumer in the purest

which is taken with the products of the

bottling works owned by Mr. G. B. (Cl-

houn, who has always seen to it personally

that every bottle of his six hundred domen

per day output is of the fiest character
a.l that n in, a ar s re to keen the

Crating Celery.
G. i. CALHOUN. and most healthful shape. No words of
At no time a the history of our people praise could possibly exaggerate the care
has purity been so paramount in all food- government in all matters pertaimng to
stuffs and drinks, especially in the case purity and reliability of raw materials,
of the summer drink, which has eome in care in its manufacture, cleanliness in the
for its fu share of the inspection of the bottling and absolute purity in the hand-


of or people and the state at large ha
product up to the very highest point of he ben found behind, with is energetic
excellence. Four men are employed in this nastre, working to aid the fruition of the
irm in addition to Mr. Clboun's spend- enterprise. Mr. Caloun i one of our best
ing a great deal of his time her and, knO men oelMy and has always b
although he is a busy man, being ale sd in hh teem a by a
Shave had social, personal or mias deal-
of our leading business men in the com-
ings of any character with him. H is a
mission lines, of which moe hereafter, hes a c
has always time to be courteous to all w man, than whom there is a higher eld in

call. Mr. Cloun, as mentioned above, i the world.

a leading commission n of Saford, and

has shown to the world at large that eom-

mission goods ean be handled here on a

modem and up-to-date scale with great

profit to the business man and the om-
samer and also to the commmity at arge.
Mr. Calhoun has always made a specialty
of shipping track farm goods and ha
been one of the foremost in the opening

up of this world market. He has always
been instrumental in proving to outside
trade that the prduts of this country,

and especially that portion near Sanford,
are among the bet to be had anywhere
and has each year shipped emntlea ear-
loads of goods grown and matured her,

to other markets, thus bringing the name
of Florida, and Sanford, her greatest
truek-growing district and community,

prominently before the puie, of not only
the South but also the North sad Bst.
Mr. Caloun was one of the first men here
to se the good which a handler of fer-
tiller could do who had the eat interests

of the country at heart and ha always
taken special care to see that hs goods
have been kept up to the highest standard

at all times. Mr. Calhoun owns a large
amount of realty bere and in the sur-
rounding country, and is me of or met
prominent business men having been a
member of the City anell until com-
pelled to resign on count of bimMm.
Mr. Calhoun has also handled fruit and
vegetable rates here and has thus afford-
ed or growers and farmers a ma kt
where they were always sAre of fding
crates wherein to ship their goods, -
small item when the fact is taken into
consideration that the average sea here
requires seven hundred crates to hold its
production. In many ways this gen-
tleman shown from time to time his p-
preeiation of the position in which
people have been placed here and in al
movements which have had a tendency at
any time to increase the material wen fare


The Celery Industry, a Gold Mine for the Growers in Vicinity of Sanford,

Orange County, Florida

Since 1896, when celery was first grown five hundred acr,.s of land, especially
in the vicinity of Sanford by Mr. J. N. adapted for the cultivation of celery, let-
Whitner, there has been a most remarka- tuce, cauliflower, beans, potatoes, tomatoes,
ble growth in this industry. From what cabbage, onions, etc., and is offering ecr-
was frst considered merely an experiment tain of his lands for sale at prices ranging
we now have what is very probably the from $25.00 to $100.00 per acre. There is
greatest money-producing crop, per acre, no better celery land in vicinity of San-
in the world. From a few scattering cars ford. Flowing wells can he obtained at
several years ago the celery industry has reasonable cost. This means that whether
grown to such an extent that there were it rains or not'your crops will not suffer
shipped from Sanford during the season for want of water. People who have
just closed approximately five hundred watched the growth of the celery industry

cars of celery. Stop and think, for a mo-
ment what this means to the growers, to
say nothing of the business interests of
Sanford and vicinity. The average re-
turns from celery during season just closed
will approximate $1.45 per rate. The pro-
dweton of one thousand crates of celery
per acre is no uncommon occurrence. Many
produce better results. This means that
the grower can, with close attention to
his crops and a display of a reasonable
amount of energy, net fifteen hundred dol-
lars per acre in one season. This is made
possible by the fact that two or three
crop may be produced each year on the
same ground. Lettuce, planted in the fall,
is ready for the markets by November or
December. This crop will produce suffici-
eat returns to pay for your labor and fer-
tilisers for the entire season. Lettuce is
followed immediately by celery, the re-
turns from which, to the economical grow-
er, are absolutely NET. If you like, the
celery crop being harvested, you can fol-
low same with tomatoes or other spring
vegetables. Mr. M. M. Smith, President
of the People's Bank of Sanford, and vice-
president of the Orlando Bank & Trust
Co., is the owner of approximately thirty-

Sanford House From Clyde Line Docks.

have been amazed at its rapid develop-
ment and at the splendid returns obtained
and these people, who know. are rapidly
investing their money in celery lands.
Give this aluestion so)me earnest thought,
but 1THINK RAPIDLY as the value of
celery land is advancing steadily and
again, if you expect to produce a crop
during the coming season, you should be-
gin at once to clear up your land, and as
soon as possible. work it in order that the
ground may be in condition to produce re-
sults. The land is easily cleared and if
you get busy now you will have ample
time to get your land in shape to farm on.
There is no probability of the celery in-
dustry being overdone. Several years ago
Sanford celery was unknown in the mar-
kets of the East or West. Today it is
well known and is sought after by mar-
kets throughout the country. both large
and small. The demand for Sanford cel-
-'r is stetlily gro\\ing and regardless f
inrreai-(d a'rire there will not I. the
ill '"et !'i!lic't l in dtisrosing of your
; ois ; t excellent I rice s. The entire ques
t:on is w!11ll wr: h s'n:pe investigation.
We are indebted to Mr. M. M. Smith
for the alove :able article ni the s*'lerv
question in this State a'wll it is no more
than fair to say that no mlan is in a Ibet-
ter position to know whereof lie speaks.

'he land which he mentions as owning is
he very best in the State. There is no
ine- anywhere, and it will more than re-
pay all who are thinking of locating here
o see this gentleman, but SEE HIM BE-
will Perhaps live to regret it. If you are
n Sanford call on Mr. Smith at The
People's Bank of Sanford where he occu-
pies the position of president, or you can
also find him in Winter Park. Mr. Smith
inh perhalns done more for the future of
Ilihry growing in this State than any

other one man. It is a hobby of his and
a life work. He knows whereof he speaks
in every instance, as he is on the ground
and has practical and actual experience in
the work. His sterling business integrity
is too well known to require bolstering at
our hands and his position in the commun-
ity is assured and strong. He is a most
public-spirited gentleman and we have yet
to hear of any movements for the future
development of the State which he is not
behind and in which he does not take a
most active part. He is well known in a
personal and social way and has many
friends here.

One of the handsomest structures to be
found in this city of Sanford is the mod-
ern bank building occupied by the People's
Bank. This institution has undertaken.
among other things, to place every safe-
guard around the money of their deposi-
tors, having provided a modern steel-lined
vault, fully protected by a burglar alarm
system, together with the best double
safe, time lock, etc., obtainable. All the
employes of the company are bonded and
a heavy hurglar insurance is carried. One
of the strongest features of the bank's
policy, however, is the fact that all depos-
itors are insured against loss. No mat-
ter what circumstances may arise the peo-
ple are protected; they get their money.
While this may seem to be carrying safe-
guard too far it has always been the poli-
cy of the company to do too much rather
than too little, and it has been one of the
big features in their financial growth and
success here. Moreover it costs the people
nothing, the same interest being paid or
demanded as the case may be, as in other
hanks not thus insured. The bank pays
four per cent on deposits, compounded
quarterly, thus enabling everyone to place
their money for three months or a year,
where it is absolutely safe and where it
will earn them something. The officers of
the bank are all well known men of this
section of the country, being Mr. M. M.
Smith, President; D. G. Crenshaw, Vice
President and G. S. Derry, Cashier. Mr.
Derry is always to be found at his post
and is courteous to all who call, being glad
to explain the many unique and safe feat-
ures of the bank. The capital stock is
thirty thousand dollars ($30,000.00) and
the directors number such men as Messrs.
M. M. Smith, D. G. Crenshaw, C. M. Rand,
P. M. Elder, E. H. MeNeill, H. B. Stevens,
K. R. Murrell, H. H. Chappel, C. F. Wil-
liams and A. Vaughan.

Celery Cultivation on Lake Frent.


If we were to try in this article to cover
all the ground of insurance since the first
man had the brilliant idea of thus insuring
his fellow man in all lines we would have
our hands full with statistics, but suffice
it to say that all agree on the one impor-
tant and fundamental question of this
subject-namely its valpe to man, rela-
tive to the amount which he has to expend
on his policies. The insurance policy is
more than a guarantee of payment for
loss, it is more than a surety against ruin
and failure; it is more than a safeguard
for the future and the loved ones at home;
it is more than all this, we say, for it is
the ground, basic and fundamental prin-
ciple of all progress, that the worries of
business life must be lightened and in
every way lessened, if a man is going to
be able to pay the price which success has
set on her attainment. It is this which
appeals most to us, the calmness with
which an insured man can go home feel-
ing that his business is safe; and can rest
well on the nights when otherwise his
brain would keep turning to his work.
This leaves him fresh to rise in the morn-
ing ready to make a larger business career
for himself and to have more goods to in-
sure. We think we have made it clear
that gain in commercial lines, and growth
in industrial ways has been much fostered
and bred by the insurance companies. In
life insurance this has also been true, and
the wife and children are now left in good
circumstances in nine cases out of ten,
whereas before this beneficial institution
was established they often knew want and
poverty. This is shown by how few chil-
dren and women are now left desolate, and
how the poorhouse has dwindled in its
population. We merely wish to acknowl-
edge the great position which the Florida
Real Estate and Insurance Co. has filled
in their years here.
In Ral state and Agricltural Lines.
It is in the real estate and agricultural
lines, however, that we have most to
thank them for. A simple statement fol-

Crating Celery on Celery Farm.
than five hundred carloads of celery. 500
CARLOADS. In another portion of this
introduction will be found a most able
article on the celery growing industry in
this State, a history of the great and won-
derful success which people have had here
in this line and the remarkable work that
has been done. We want you all to read
this and then turn back again to this
article, and read it carefully, for these men
have had more to do with the general
growth and development of agricultural,
especially celery culture here than any
other firm or individuals. They have al-
ways stood behind the agricultural and
horticultural future of this county and
city. They have invested their all in
her and will reap the benefits in increased
values of their properties as time goes by.
For nature is no sluggard, she amply re-
pays all who care for her, develop her
and allow her to grow and increase into
the fullness of her development. The Flor-
ida Real Estate and Insurance Agency
has been always to the front in selling
celery lands, in working them, and has a
record of all the various changes which
may be expected in a crop of this charac-
ter. They have tabulated scores of the
work done by average growers here which
shows a profit of anywhere from one to
two thousand dollars per acre ($1,000-

$2,000). They are in a fine position to
afford their patrons the most modern and
up-to-date accommodations either in how
to buy or sell, rent or lease celery, or
any other kind of city, county or State
lands, for any purpose whatever. They
have themselves the finest line of celery
lands to be found in the world, celery
lands which have taken the trade away
from other well known celery States and
which have produced crops that have held
the admiration of the vegetable growing
world. This firm know whereof they
speak for they themselves realized on one
acre of land they had set for celery, $1975,
meaning 1205 crates of the crispest and
most tasty celery the markets of the
North have ever seen. That Florida will
one day be the leading celery State in the
Union in quantity admits of no doubt, as
she to-day leads in quality, and around
Sanford alone there are thousands of acres
of land as good as the one these gentlemen
made their trial on, and which can be had
for a small surm down and still smaller
payments. Sanford is one of the most
progressive cities in the world, and the
country round about is admirably fitted
for growing any form of vegetable, crops
being raised as often as four times in one
year off the same ground. Messrs. Murrell
& Powers have realized as high as 700
crates per acre off land that had never

7ae 3?1ord4a~ ala &tate and tYnsa iwnee ./lency

lws: Sanford shipped last year no less

known a plow or cultivator until they
plowed and planted them for this erop of
celery. When in need of advice go to the
practical nan, he is in a position to tell
you, and if you doubt his disinterestedness
he will show you. Messrs. Murrell &
Powers are always willing to show any
one anything about their lands that they
claim for them. You are not asked to do
anything in the dark. They are there
to prove every statement. Of course the
position which a firm of this character
has occupied here for the many years they
have been active agitators of the values of
land in this country is pre-eminent. Ev-
ery one in the State has heard of this live
and up-to-date firm. Many people have
them to thank for competency, people who
were struggling in a hard Northern coun-
try, where the winters ate up all they
made in the fall and summer. Now they
are down in the matchless climate of
Florida, where crops grow all the year
round, where sickness is unknown and
where the great white plague has given
way to the balmy atmosphere, the clear
air and the grand general climate of the
State. Messrs. Murrell and Powers, the
sole proprietors and managers of the above
company, are two of our very best known
and most highly thought of business men.
They are public spirited, and have had
a great deal to do with the growth of the
impression that Sanford is the one place
in the State in which a live man should
locate. Their satisfied and pleased patrons
are to be found on all sides and the
number of men and women who have
earned a competency in this glorious coun-
try on their suggestion are to be found
in legion. They are not given to blow-
ing their own horn. Others do that for
them but they wish to say that there is
no firm here with their experience, no frm
who have the future good of the State,
county and city in which they are located
so truly at heart; no firm who can show
the same number of satisfied patrons in
an insurance and real estate way, and no
firm who have more high and upright
methods of dealing with their patrons than
they have always had. They are easily
found, or a card addressed to the Florida
Real Estate and Insurance Agency, San-
ford, Florida, will reach them and bring
a prompt and courteous response, all ques-
tions being answered by men who have
actually had experience in the lines where-
of they speak and who are thus enabled
to handle their patrons and clients in a
manner which has won for them the en-
tire respect and esteem of the community,
and of all who have had dealings with
them in either a personal, business or
social way.

Bird's-eye View 9.f Sanford.



Fredarick H. Rand Preideat; Ge. H.
Fernald, Vi President; F. IP. After,

This institution has long been known as
the oldest national bank in Southern
Florida, and has stood the test of time
in a most remarkable manner. The pol-
icy of the institution has ever been one
of advancement with the city, and it has
always stood in the front rank of all
financial houses which have had the bet-
terment and larger growth of our county
and community at heart. The corporate
existence of this bank has already been
extended for its second twenty-year pe-
riod, which shows both the age of the
bank financially and the confidence which
the government has placed in this estab-
lishment. For twenty years this bank has
had the same officers, and that they have
performed their work well is shown by
the position the bank holds at the present
time. Over one thousand deposit accounts
are now held in the bank, and three bond-
ed employes in addition to the cashier are
kept busy with the accounts of the insti-
tution. A general banking business is be-
ing carried on and all who have any
business in financial lines will find thenm-
selves accommodated in an attentive and
courteous manner by the officials or em-
ployes of the First National Bank of San-
ford. Messrs. Frederick H. Rand, Presi-
dent; Geo. H. Fernald, Vice President, and
F. P. Forster, Cashier, are numbered
among our most conservative bank offic-
ials, and yet have always stood behind

Machine S3

The Celery

I beg to acknowledge the compliment of
an invitation to address this distinguished
body on the Celery Industry of Florida.
When preparing this paper, I was im-
pressed with the difference in the theme,
as considered by farmers and bankers. The
farmer is interested in soil, seed, fertili-
zers, cultivation, etc., while you, gentle-
men, representing the great financial in-
stitutions of the State, would only be in-
terested in the subject as given mp, "Te
Present and Future Development of the
Celery Industry," from a inaneal stand-
You doubtless wish the subject treated
as effecting the entire state, while the fig-
ures obtainable, mainly confine me to the
vicinity of Sanford. The celery industry
is only one of the developments of Florida,
consequent upon the freeze of 1896. When
that disaster came, causing a loss to Flor-
ida, of from 75 to 100 millions of dollars,
every source of income was taken from
Sanford, at that time the largest shipping
point of oranges in Florida. We were made
poor in a night. From an income of $55
per capital for the county of Orange, from
the orange crop alone, practically our one
source of income was destroyed. Looking
about fot something out of which we
might make money, I got celery plants
from Kalamazoo, and grew the first cele-
ry at Sanford, in the summer and fall of
1895. The next spring, I found celery
growing successfully at Tampa. I then
began, in a small way, to plant seed aad

all legitimate movements in financial or
commercial circles which have required
their aid. They are men of high stand-
ing in money and business circles and can
always be relied on to do their best for
our city on all occasions.

and 1901, we had a crop in sight, and de-
termined to establish a market at San-
ford; and we organized and sold or han-
died, through our committee, a crop of 110
carloads, satisfactorily. Since then, most
of our crop has been, and all of it could
h-~~~ ~ ~ I 1 _

THE GEO. H. F ALD HARDWARE prices. Whether we could grow celery, and
COMPANY. its quality, was by this time demonstrat-
One of the firms in Sanford which has ed.
always given employment to a large num- A dozen years ago, all of this delicious
her of men is the Geo. H. Fernald Hard- vegetable obtainable during the winter
ware Co., located in one of the largest months, when most in demand, was grown
buildings in our city where they work in the summer and fall, and either banked
ffty men and where they have the follow- or put in cold storage, and under the most
ing departments. A fine hardware de- favorable conditions, a large waste re-
partment, both wholesale and retail, and sulted. What was worse, the beautiful fol-
carrying a large stock of light and heavy iage of the plant, which adds so much to
hardware, cutlery, mechanics' tools, etc.; the well set table, and not a little to the
a machine shop; a boiler shop; tin and relish of this incomparable vegetable, was
metal works; plumbing, steam heating and lost.
gas fitting; irrigation department. Each About that time, both California and
department is large and well equipped Florida began to grow it, and as fast as
for the work in which this firm is en- dealer and consumer could be educated, or
gaged. The establishment was located brought in touch with our product, a mar-
here some twenty-four years ago and has ket was developed. Hence, California, in
since shown that it is one of the most celery as in oranges, is our chief compet-
solidly established in this State and that itor, though we have hardly had a con-
it is a firm that will eventually bring test, as her crop has practically been out
great credit to the city of Sanford and of the market when ours comes in. They
the surrounding country. A specialty ;ia plant in the spring, and harvest and ship
always been made by this firm of heavy in the fall and winter; while we have, as
work, such as wrought iron, piping, etc., yet, only planted in the fall and shipped
things which cannot be found in all hard- in the spring. 1 can safely say we grow
ware stores. Mr. (eo. H. Fernald is one a finer quality. Theirs, like their oranges,
of the best known and most able men in being larger, coarser, dryer, has more fiber,
this portion of the country and has al- and lacks the liner texture and flavor of
ways stood for all that is best for our ours. This, in both products, is attribut-
business, commercial and industrial inter- able, doubtless, to their dryer climate.
eats. Mr. Fernald is vice president of the n 1901, 1 sent a crate to California, by
First National Bank of Sanford. express, and, after being one week on the
road, and another week in refrigeration,
y | the principal celery grower of California
wrote me that "If Florida could grow such
celery, we have a bright future."
The question as to whether we can suc-
cessfully compete with California, is most
pertinent, because, if we would indefinite-
ly expand our production of celery, and
a market, it must be done by prolonging
Sour season; and, from my own experience,
I am assured we can begin shipping six
weeks earlier than we do, say, January
Ist. I have grown it by Thanksgiving,
and, as the market lasts until June, we
can have five months market. For two
months of this time we must invade mar-
Skets at present occupied exclusively by
California. Can we compete at a profit?
I say yes. First, as above, our celery is
superior; second, from the best informa-
tion obtainable, they grow one carload to
the acre; we grow from two to four. Third
they have to cross the continent to reach
op of Geo. L Fernald. our best markets, and, with a "square
deal," and the long run, must pay more
freight and refrigeration charges.
SIndustry. A longer season will take care of
largely increased production. The bet-
ter distribution and the education of the
grow celery at Sanford, inducing a few consumers is rapidly expanding the mar-
friends to try it; but, no6 antil the spring ket for celery, as it has, and is doing for
of 1898 did we begin to ship in retrigera- other Florida crops. For instance: 15
tor cars, shipping four carloads. At that years ago, Florida head lettuce was not
time, the demand for Florida celery was known or wanted. Yet, during last De-
confined principally to New York City, member, Sanford alone shipped 150 car-
some to Philadelphia and i little to Cin- loads and found a good market; but the
cinnati; the latter point only taking small quality was fine. I am sorry I cannot
express shipments. By the winter of 1900 give you the annual shipments other than

from Sanford, to show increase eies
spring of 1899. At Sanford, the ship-
ments by freight were as follows:
Season 1899-Celery.... 1,100 crates
Season 1900-Celery.... 8M0 rates
Season 1901-Celery.... 11,30 rates
Season 190-Celery.... 21,0 crates
Season 190- ery ... 34,100 crates
Season 1904--Celery.... 53,60 crates
Season 1905-Celery .... 61,0 crates
Season 190-Celery... 10880 rates
Season 1907-Celery... 15800 crates
Have been unable to obtain express
shipments prior to 1906. The express fg-
ures show for last year (1906), 15,077
crates. For 1907, 23,568 crates, making a
grand total of 181,768 crates this year, or
557 average carloads. While the shipments
from Manatee and Hillsborough counties,
which are the only other points growing
celery to any extent, are as follows: For
this season, Hillsborough, 17,06; Mana-
tee, about 43,000. These figures do not
include express, which, I understand, were
As to how large an area on which cele-
ry can be grown in Florida to such per-
fection as to meet competition in the mar-
kets, is yet to be determined. Our suc-
cess at Sanford is largely attributable to
the well-nigh perfect system of drainage
and irrigation, coupled with a high state

Hon. J. N. Whitner, Sanferd, Fla.

of cultivation, and a liberal use of hu-
mus, as well as commercial fertiliers. But
these do not seem to be entirely sufficient,
for, as yet, our successful operations have
been confined to the south side of lake
Monroe. This statement is emphasized
by the fact that two of our most success-
ful growers tried for several years, on
the northwest side of the lake, with ev-
ery facility, to grow celery, without sue-
cess. But, transferring their operations
to the southeast side of the lake, they
have made a comfortable independence in
two or three years. They attribute the
difference to water protection from cold;
the average difference, frosty nights, be-
ing several degrees. It would seem,
therefore, that at points as far north as
Sanford, water protection during the win-
ter is. essential. The discussion of soils
and other questions pertaining to its

Celery Farm Sene.


growth, which might effect the develop-
ment of the industry, is too broad, and
would take too much time in this address.
Sanford will assuredly double her output
next season, and I trust, her income. To
demonstrate the expansion of our mar-
ket, I call attention to the fact that of
110 refrigerator cars shipped in 1901, 63
went to New York City. I have gotten
from the five largest shippers, the dispo-
sition of 436 ears this season, which were
distributed as follows:
New York City ............105 cars
New York State ............ 15 cars
Pennsylvania State ........ 85 cars
Massachusetts State ........ 12 cars
Canada .................... 20 cars
Rhode Island .............. I car
Maryland .................. 5 cars
193 cars more were shipped to South-
ern and Western points, as far west as
Colorado, showing per cent to New York
City, this season to be only 24, as 57, sia
years ago. From these gentlemen, I
learned that practically all celery was
hippedd on orders, and certainly, in most
pstances, paid for in advance, and the
net price obtained was at least an average
of $1.40 per crate, which, as you see, gave
Sanford an income of over $250,000 for
her celery crop. I beg that some of you
gentlemen so accustomed to figuring per-

eentage will give me the percentage of
gain in income to Sanford, on her celery
crop in 10 years from nothing to $250000.
If Hillsbbrough and Manatee got the same
prices, the income to these counties would
be $85,400, and to the state, from celery,
over $335,000. This magnificent result at
Sanford was from less than 200 acres of
land, on which possibly 100 carloads of let-
tuce was grown before it was set with cel-
ery, and includes all the failures, raw land
and disasters, and shows $1,250 per acre
on all of it. How about the BEST
It may be of further interest to note
that this crop was grown practically with-
out a drop of rain, and in spite of a three
days' freeze. While last year's fine crop
was grown, in spite of floods of rain, and
brought higher prices. Indeed, the prices
this year were the lowest since 1901.
I feel safe from correction of these fig-
ures, for your brethren, the bankers of
Sanford, will verify them; and if further
testimony could be desired, their deposits
will bring confirmation that even a banker
could not doubt.
J. N. WHITNER, Sanford, Fla

Address delivered before the Florida
Bankers' Association at Atlantic Beach,
June 15, 1907.


Furnishing Goods and Clothing

Up toe Date Always

SSaniord, - - Florida

OI.m3. .w.iag'iUa ,iowa.st.at. P..we.t amd 3tiTrw.

When the great freeze of 1894-95 swept
over the State of Florida there was a
general feeling that the orange industry,
long regarded as the main source of reve-
nue for the State, had sustained such a
loss as to make it practically impossible
to again bring it up to the standard it had
attained in point of production and profit
to the State.
But while the growing of oranges is con-
fined to a great extent to counties farther
south of those which were the greatest
producers of the golden fruit previous to
the freeze, it is the general belief among
those who have kept up with the condi-
tions of this great industry that Florida
in this respect is in a better condition
today than she was previous to the year
when the freeze destroyed the greater
part of her orange trees.
While the figures show that there are
not as many oranges produced now as
there were at that time, the market con-
ditions are far improved. Previous to the
freeze, oranges sold for about fifty cents
per box on the trees. Last year the av-
erage price was one dollar per box, and
the freight rates a little cheaper than in
To show to what extent the orange
growing industry has recovered from the
great blow it received in 1894-95 it is only
necessary to give a few facts and figures.

In 1993 the yield of oranges in this State
approximated 5,250,000 boxes. The year
following the freeze there wqre only 42,-
000 boxes, the loss to the industry being
almost total.
But the oradge growers were not long
in beginning the work of recovery and it
has been in progress ever-since. The re-
sult has been that last year, with unfav-
orable weather conditions, Florida shipped
3500,000 boxes of citrus fruits. Another
feature connected with the shipments of
the crop of last year is that the returns
for the oranges received amounted to as
much and even more than the returns for
the fruit shipped the year previous to the
great freeze.
Following the great freeze, which was
the second one that the State had expe-
rienced in the course of twenty years, the
orange growers saw the necessity of mov-
ing farther south. While many of them
have been successful in the counties of
Marion and Alachua in recovering their
groves by careful attention and persistent

effort, Marion and Alachua counties will
never produce the great quantity of citrus
fruits that they did previous to the great
freeze. In the southern part of Alachua,
in the Micanopy district there are some
excellent groves, but the acreage is not so
large by hundreds of acres as it was be-
fore the freeez. The same may be said
of Marion county, though that county is
again a factor in tie production of or-
While to a certain extent this is true
of Lake and other counties in the central
part of the State, there are a great many
oranges being shipped from that part of
Florida. Putnam county has enjoyed a
remarkable recovery from the freeze in
the way of the growing of citrus fruits.
It is said on what appears to be good
authority that Putnam county will ship
this year a great deal more fruit than Ma-
rion and Alachua combined.
Following the freeze the orange indus-
try became centered in the southern part
of Florida, the west coast being the most
favored section at that time. Hillsbor-
ough, DeSoto, Manatee, and Polk counties
appear to have been selected as the best
section of Florida for the production of
citrus fruits. In those counties the indus-
try has grown and thrived. New groves
which were set out after the freeze have
come into bearing and today the condition
of the citrus fruit industry in the south-
ern part of Florida may be regarded as
excellent in every particular.
The methods employed as well as the
character of the fruit grown has changed
remarkably in the past few years. More
advanced methods of cultivation have
been followed and changes have been made
in the nature of the fruit grown Previous
to the freeze there was but little grape-
fruit raised in Florida. In fact grape-
fruit was not well known to the trade at
that time as it is now and the demand
for it was not so great. But now grape-
fruit is a great factor in the citrus fruit
industry and is becoming more so.
Florida orange growers have appreciated
the necessity of a more careful looking
after their crop and the character of the
fruit produced and shipped today is ahead
of that which was sent out of the State
in such large quantities previous to the
On the east coast the orange industry
has grown to a remarkable extent. In that

part of the State the most scientific meth-
ods have been employed and Dade county
at its last fair had the finest exhibit of
citrus fruits ever seen in this State. The
grapefruit grown in that part of the
State is of a brighter color than that pro-
duced anywhere in Florida. The growers
of citrus fruits in that part of Florida
have had remarkable success, and have
been sending a remarkably large quantity
of fruit to the market during the past
three years. There are great opportuni-
ties for the growing of citrus fruits on the
east coast the same as those which have
carried so many to success on the west
The condition of the industry in Florida
for the present year is not as good as it
was last year. There will be a crop of
only about 2,500,000 boxes of oranges this
year, due to the drouth which has prevail-
ed throughout the State for several
One great feature of the industry is the
improved methods of marketing. Orange
dealers state that in this respect at least

To tell what Florida had to offer to the
Immigrant Farmer, would require too
much of your space, as there are so many
kinds of farmers, and Florida offers good
openings for several kinds.
Take first the truck or vegetable farmer,
his opportunities are unlimited, and he
can market some kind of vegetable at a
profit in nearly every month in the year.
I think it would be wrong and misleading
to tell of what has been done and leave the
impression that this is easily obtainable.
Take, for instance, some of our celery
crops, running into the thousands of dol-
lars per acre, as I have known of $3,000
being obtained from one acre of lettuce.
I do not think this kind of results should
be considered-although they are possible.
I think it better to tell what is reasonably
possible, with proper care and attention,
and to say that it was easily possible to
get $200 per acre from lettuce and celery
would be quite reasonable. Our season for
marketing vegetables begins by December
in the North and we often ship beans to
Key West in July and August. Now there
is a wide range, and when it is considered
that Florida can grow nearly every known
vegetable successfully, there is but little
time that the vegetable farmer need be
idle. I cannot understand why it wbuld
not be more profitable to grow onions here
than in Ohio or Texas, where high prices
are being paid for good onion land. I be-
lieve one trouble has mainly hurt our veg-
etable farmers, they overcrop and do not
give proper care and attention to their
crops. Vegetable growing should be inten-
sive farming-fewer acres, well cared for-
but our vegetable farmers want to grow
vegetables on the same scale as the West-
ern wheat grower. I believe you know
this applies to the Sanford celery grower,
the Hastings potato grower and I know it
applies to beans. wpas, lettuce, cabbage,
potatoes, cantaloupes and watermelons in
this section.
1 think chicken farming could be made
quite profitable in Florida, with eggs
bringing 25 cents per dozen at the small
country stores almost all of the year,
and broilers now worth 35 and 40 cents
each, this seems to me to be good business.
Yet if properly worked, a trade could be
built up that would bring much better
prices to the careful grower. Incubator
chickens hatched in the fall and winter do
quite well, and I am sure a good demand
can be had for a great many more than
will be produced in some years.
I am making mention of the lines of
farming that do not require a large cash
capital to begin business with.
Tobacco farming has grown to be a very
important business in Florida, and will
continue to grow for some years to come.
Florida is very fortunate in her farming
possibilities, as she produces the luxuries,
the succulent vegetable in the winter, also
the tender spring chicken and a good sup-
ply of eggs. when other countries are
forced to rest along these lines; then the
cigar, tobacco-eall luxuries, and all bring
good prices, yet require but small capital
to make a beginning. A good farmer can
get good pay for the tobacco he will grow
and have all land. tools, teams and fertilizer

the future offers nothing but the best.
The prices will he better and the equal
distribution of the fruit in all centers will
maintain an even and constant demand.
With a good market the opportunities
for those who embark in the growing of
oranges are almost unlimited. An orange
grove in the southern part of the State
fully bearing is a permanent income to
the owner so long as it is carefully looked
after. It is one of the best pieces of
property that can be had anywhere.
It requires at least eight years to bring
a grove into bearing in this State, and the
expense attached to it, while great, is
nothing when compared with what has
been secured by the investment when the
grove comes into bearing. Frequently
three years' yield of fruit defrays the ex-
pense of bringing the grove into full bear-
Orange land can be purchased for a
cheap figure and the very best land for the
growing of citrus fruits may be had in any
part of the orange producing section of the

furnished him. I know of land owners who
last year furnished land, tools, teams and
in fact everything but the actual labor,
and paid 18 cents per pound for the to-
bacco put in the barn, and this man's land
produced an average of 1,250 pounds per
acre. I think this a good opening for the
immigrant farmer.
It hardly seems necessary to mention
our fruits; all people-it seems to me-
should know of them-but in them we
have another class of luxuries, although
they have almost become necessaries.
Fruit growing does require some capitaL
Peaches can be made without a great out-
lay of either time or money, as paying
crops can ie had the second year from
planting, and I believe Florida will be as
well known .by her peaches within five
years as the well known Fort Valley, of
Georgia. I know we can produce a good
peach and put it in market two weeks ear-
lier than Georgia.
On-a larger scale, cotton and sugar or
syrup making is a profitable and safe
business, but requires more capital to
make a beginning; these crops can be
grown by the ordinary farmer and grown
with other farm crops, or in what might
be termed general farming, as it is carried
on in the Northern States. That is, a
farmer can grow corn, oats' and hay to
feed his work stock, and raise hogs, sheep
and cattle and make his own meat and
have some for sale. Florida is peculiarly
fortune in being able to grow crops that
are very rich in food value. Take pindars,
cowpeas and velvet beans, all very rich in
protein, with corn, cassava and sweet po-
tatoes, it is an easy matter for the farmer
to make a good balanced ration, either for
young growing stock, or for fattening his
animals for market.
Unfortunately, Florida has made but lit-
tle or no effort to make good beef, pork
and mutton, but I am firmly convinced
that within ten years great advances will
be made along these lines and there is a
fine opening in the state for general farming
I doubt if any State in the Union offers
better opportunities for the dairy farmer
than Florida. When we consider the kinds
of feed that can be grown for the dairy
animal, the lack of expensive barns, and
the prices obtainable for milk and butter,
it is really surprising that so few good
dairy farmers can be found in the State.
The prices of butter and milk here would
make the Northern dairyman green with
envy, but, unfortunately for Florida, very
few of her standard, staple lines of busi-
ness have been exploited and her possi-
bilities along these lines are not known,
but her fruits and vegetables, turpentine
and phosphate, have looked "so good" that
people are tempted along those lines. For-
tunes have been so easily made that they
look like gold mines and the successes
stand out so prominently that the failures
are not seen and Florida's real days of
prosperity will come when her good farm
lands, now lying idle, are used to make
food for man and beast, by good reliable
farmers. Her immigrants, until now, have
been of the fortune-hunting class, all want-
ing to get rich quick-without work.

WAat 3io,.ida .74s t& Offe, to tMe .Yiiimz6swma 37raaee,'


i. d

The City of Live Oak and Suwannee County


By C. A. Ridley, Secretary Board of Trade

Potoffce, Live Oak, Florida.

Rev. Curtis Grubb is rector and is vry pop-
f .. ular with all the people of Live Oak. In
point of service he is the oldest minister
in town.
The Presbyterian congregation has just
completed a beautiful new house of wor-
ship at a cost of about $10,000 which is a
credit to the city and a monument to the
loyal sacrifices of the members. Rev. Mr.
Ford is pastor, and while he has not been
here but about a year, yet he has endear-
ed himself to all the people.
The Baptists have the largest and
costliest house in town. It, too, is new,
having been built inside the last two
years. This congregation's growth for the
past two and one-half years has been phe-
* 'nomenal. There have been 321 additions
to the membership during this time. The
expenditures for this period have been
alout $30,000. They have recently built
a new pastor's home and increased the
pastor's salary to $1,800 per year. Rev. C.
A. Ridley is pastor.
Live Oak Commercially.
There was never a time when the local
merchant had so much to his credit and
so much.to do as today. We have about
eighty places of business, and you can
never find an idle man about them, they
are doing business. Every few days some
new line is added, and outside money
brought into our midst
Some of our manufacturing enterprises,
viz.: Sash and door factory, planing mill,
saw mill, novelty works, carriage, works,
iron foundry, railroad shops, tile facto-
ry, ice plant, electric plant, turpentine
plant, power house, two cotton gins, bar-
rel factory, etc. Besides these there are
others which will receive special attention
by the staff correspondent, Mr. Spiller.

Live Oak is not the largest thing on the
map, but it is the largest and most mag-
niflcent of all Florida's inland cities. It
had a population of eleven hundred six
years ago. One year ago State census
gave her 7,200, and nobody can tell how
many she now has. Her conservative cit-
ilens place the population at near ten
thousand. Nature didn't do as much for
Live Oak as she did for many other places
in Florida, but where nature left off a
stalwart citizenry has begun and will some
day make this city one of the most at-
tractive and beautiful spots on earth. Ly-
ing as she does in the big bend of the
beautiful Suwannee river, bounded on
three sides by the crystal wavelets that
laugh their way to the sea, fanned by the
redolent winds from the Gulf of Mexico,
and supported by the best agricultural
county on the entire state there is noth-
ing to keep her from forging ahead of all
her rivals.
The "Live Oak Spirit" is far famed. Ev-
ery man, woman and child of the city is
a real citizen of the place and pround of it.
They will tell you on short notice that

Live Oak is the best town on earth, and
they are not far wrong.. Who knows of a
better one? She boasts of her men of bus-
iness genius. Her streets are not all paved
yet-she is young, but she lacks in brick
she can easily make up in brains, for her
men are reaching out and shaping the com-
mercial life of the state. They have mon-
ey and know what to do with it. A busi-
ness failure is not thought of in Live Oak.
Suwannee county of which Live Oak is the
capital, is one of the largest counties in
Florida when you speak with reference to
her tenable lands. She has comparative-
ly no waste land at all, and while there
are thousands of acres of her richest soil
yet untouched by the plow, she now pro-
duces about one-tenth of all the sea is-
land cotton produced in the United States.
There were more than 4,000,000 pounds of
long staple cotton sold as seed cotton in
Live Oak last season, besides more than
5,000 bales of lint. The local gins ginned
about 3,000 bales.
From the figures obtainable at the local
railroad offices Live Oak's freight re-
ceipts have increased several hundred per

Suwannee County Court House.

Ohio Avenue, Live Oak, Fla.

cent during the last five years, and forty
per cent during the year 1901. Since the
first of 1905 property valuations have in-
creased more than one hundred per cent,
and there have been erected about 360
new buildings. During this time the city
has laid two and one-half miles of tiling
sidewalk, and voted an issue of $200,000
bonds for public improvements.
In ReliZions Circles.
We know of no city the size of Live
Oak that can boast of better church
buildings and a more loyal constituency.
The Methodists have a brick house of
worship about five years old, which up to
two years ago was the best house in
town. They are already contemplating en-
largement and interior improvements along
with the purchase of pipe organ and other
elegant furniture. Rev. H. Dutill is the
present pastor.
The Second Advents have a new house
of worship, costing about $6,000.00 and
maintain worship every Sunday. Rev. Mr.
Butler is pastor.
The Episcopalians have a neat and com-
fortable little church, and as loyal a band
of workers as can be found in the city.

Among the many varied industries of'
Live Oak we wish to give this concise list
of those which have been prominent in the
advancement and development of the
1 sawmill in city; fifteen in the county.
2 shingle factories, with all modern
equipment. *
2 ginneries, large and up to date in ev-
ery particular.
3 planing mills.
2 grist mills of high productive ability.
2 machine shops for all classes of iron
1 foundry, of the very latest and most
modern appliances.
2 novelty manufacturing plants mak-
ing sash, doors, blinds, etc.
2 bottling works producing all popular
1 steam laundry capable of handling a
larger city than this.
I barrel factory which has filled a large
place here.
2 artificial stone plants for the manu-
facture of all goods in this line.
1 brick manufacturing plant with large





capacity for our needs. ried on and seventeen to twenty-one men
I turpentine distillery fed by surround- are always employed to handle their large
ing country. departments. The latest and most mod-
1 ice plant capable of supplying entire ern of machinery has been installed for ev-
city easily. ery purpose and a regular contract has
Electric power plant with day shirt of been made by them with the owners of
power, the Christian Advocate to publish this pa-
S carriage works, large and up to date per as well. In closing we will voice the
and of best equipment. hearty appreciation of all for the good
4 blacksmith shops. work the Democrat has done and wish it
74 retail establishments of high calibre, many years of success on the newspaper
5 wholesale establishments covering en- sea.
tire territory.
3 live stock dealers. E.A. BURDICK.
2 telephone companies with long dis-
tance connections. The position which the grocer and gen-
5 railroads into the city, the largest in eral handler of merchandise occupies in
the South. any town or city is one of paramount
5 churches, white; 8 colored, importance and it is a pleasure to be
I volunteer fire company, in active ser- able to mention the name of a man who
vice all the time. has done as much toward giving our peo-
1 newspaper and printing shop capable ple high-class and modern accommoda-
of handling all our work. tions in this line as has Mr. A. Bur-
2 head offices of railroads here. dick. the subject of this sketch. Mr.
4 drug stores, finely stocked and Burdick has served our people in the
equiped. above lines for the past twenty years and
2 rge hardware concerns has always shown himself a man of ster-
2 livery stables. ling business integrity and. high princi-
I opera house. ples. His stock of general merchandise.
1 skating rink. dry goods, groceries, shoes, hats, etc..
6 first class boarding houses. country produce, which is both bought
1 hotel and another with 0$0,000 invest- and sold, and farm supplies, is always
ed going up. kent up to the very highest standard amd
25 modern buildings under construction. this more than any other one thing has
2 banks, and a third just incorporated, been foremost and of prime importance
$200,00 bonds for paving streets val- in the business success he has had here.
dated by legislature. Mr. Burdick also has a fine line of such
$15000 bonds for city hall sold. commodities as tinware, crockery, glass-
From this list the strength and ability ware. cutlery, clothing. etc., etc. He
of this little city to take care of itself is a prominent member of the board of
will easily be seen. The bonds of the city trade which has profited many times by
are in high demand and can always be his wise and able advice in matters of
sold at par value on short notice when importance. Special attention is given
this becomes necessary. to the displaval of his goods and this
I as had a great deal to do with the pop-
LIVZ OAX STAM LAUNDRY. ularitv of the house as many people do
.. ..not always know exactly what they are

Pirst Baptist Church, Live Oak, Fla.

rear of the salesroom, and two clerks are
always in attendance to aid the patrons
in selecting goods which will suit their
styles. The styles are all of the latest
in vogue and are carefully selected from
the leading fashion and style markets of
the world. A large stock of accessories
such as ribbons, laces, neckwear, trim-
mings, ladies furnishings, etc., is handled
as well as a fine line of hats at all prices
and to suit all ages and characters. One
of the best features of the business is
the work room with its skilled lady as-
sistants who are thus enabled to make
any changes in a hat desired in a short
space of time. A large line of ready to
wear garments is also handled. The
popularity of this house is due first to
tke a.trl n,.t ato tim lrw nria third

before the craving public facts coaeru-
ing the many resources offered by their
city and county.

The part which the real estate men
have played in this state and in its sub-
sequent development has been one of
foremost import to the general welfare
of the state, in a business, commercial,
industrial and farming way. Among those
who have been very prominent In this
line we wish to mention the Edwards
Realty Company which is composed of
.T. T,. and W. A. Edwards, two r nt men
natives of this State who located here in
this line of work one year aeo. They
collect rents. pa taxes. andl act as asewts

e position wmn eam uj i s .. .. fr non-reildentr: they nave a nne line
has played in te general accommodtio after and like to have thins laid t so to the courteous and sterling business city and suhuran property. factory and
of the people of modern times has been as to make selection an easy matter for treatment of their patrons and finally to mill sites residence and business loe-
such as to win for itself a place along with them. Three to five clerks are employed the satisfaction with which every one tions. farming. mrdinc timber and tnm-
the great commodities which have maden and a delivery wagon is operated for the has been handled who have called on tnentine lands. and handle generl ianm-
th m en age ossiiit hve ad frter cnvenience o his patrons w them. Mrs. Lawler is one of our most es
ded so much to the general comfort and "n e th beat people of or city. Mr. timable and successful business ladies and make secialt of their
elegance of the people, their dress and their Bnrdiek is a man of gat iublie spr ha always been one to aid movements at tin to al is mtr
homes Especially is this true in a ity and always to e found behind movements that had the final and ultimate good of atention to all lsiness e ntrn'ted to
noses, o icri i telly is nISev off tilltomrrow
of the size of Live Oak where we have "f this character. our city at heart. Such efforts of the what should e done tnda lnd this mo
one of the largest and most modern laun- press or business men at large receive than any other one thing has been otent
dries of its kind to be found anywhere in THE LADIES' EMPORIT her ready aid. ;, the sneser which they have had hee.
the South, and especially in a community Live Oak is accredited with being the They s-e both men of a 'nod del of ex-
of our standing The Live Oak Steam only city of its size in the state which LIVE OAK TELEPHONE COMPANY. nerience in this line of work ansd an be
Laundry is a fitting example of the char- has an exclusive ladies furnishing goods The business activities of Live Oak eonnted on to do their heat at all times
acter of the business men and establish- house and it is therefore with particular include establishments devoted to every for any movements tha have for their
ments which have made this country fa- pleasure that we mention the great sue- branch of business needed in a wide finnl o'ntnme the opening mi of thiw
mous as the place of the largest cities of cess this gentleman has had in the twelve awake, progressive city. The growth of satef and the pneranl advancement of lad
their size in the world. Their patronage months he has been active in this line of Live Oak in the past few years de- and realty vlunes hereamnts.
is drawn from the hotels, restaurants and work with us. Mr. Harvard is the saoe mands these accommodations and as the An advertisement of this frm will be
largest private families of 40 cities and nroprietor of this elegant and high-class demand becomes apparent the institution fnnd in another metm'n of this imme
towns in the state. Two wagons are ladies outfitting establishment and al- will soon be found to fill that demand, which knives their work in a comprehensive
operated for the further convenience of together there was a store here for six The Live Oak Telephone Company which manner.
their patrons and transient work is made years. still he is the first man to make was incoporared in 1903, under the laws
a specialty. Mr. Lester Scarborough, al- an exclusively ladies assortment of of Florida by such well known men as LIVE nhAC 1ROKERAGE AND COM-
though only located here in this work for mnods and his success showed how well C. A. Hardee, who is now President; T. WT.CSIOW CO.
eighteen months is a native of this great he understood human nature, and by ear- C. Smith, Vice-President; and G. A. Lyon, There is no form of uniness wehch
state and has served a long apprenticeship ryine nothing but ladies goods he is in a Secretary, Treasurer and General Manager, shows more clearlv the statnt of a con-
in the laundry work which has enabled Position to accommodate the most eriti- is an institution of which this community munitv than dnos the Positinn and show-
him to cater to the high class and critical cal in this line. Mr. Harvard has a stock is justly proud. This company was start- in, made by her brokerpi"e and commis-
patronage he has been enjoying in the time on hand at all times that approximates ed on a small basis of only a three thou- cion firms and with this in mind we wish
he has been with us. He has a twenty- thirty thousand dollars, and handles ev- sand capitalization and few subscribers to to make some social mention of the es-
five horse power plant which represents an ervthing in ladies and children's furnish- its many conveniences, but its growth has ftem and respect with whieh the sahove
investment of $9.000 and is one of the best ings. shoes, hats, dry goods, notions and been so steady and fast that there are conany is looked on in T.ivp Oak. The
of its kind to be found in this portion of specialties. Mr. Harvard is a young now some three hundred phones in use. Tive Oak Brokernee and MCmmission Onm-
the South. Mr. Scarborough lately joined man. horn and raised in this state, and and they are making arrangements to pany ba e, n located here for the pest
with Mr. J. P. Philips, of lake City, with has shown himself able in many lines move into new and well equipped quar- two yards and in addition to the larve
whom he is associated as partner and has of work while here. Hip sterling business ters as soon as possible, in order to be bhniness done in the city have three men
consolidated the two plants moving the principles and the equity and justice able to handle the largely increased busi- on the road at all times asd handle an
Lake City plant to Live Oak, Florida. which has actuated him in all his dealings ness demanded of them by a web satisfied immense outside work. They are al
with the people of this community have public. They now employ a force of six ,,neenltv ,nsaeinen and have many ines
LIVE OAK DEMOCRAT. hpd much to do with the excellent poei- experienced operators, but there will.be a in their stok which are not enerallv to
A daily paper that has had much to tin he holds here at the present time, much larger force when they have install- hb fonnd in a commission house. such as
do with shaping the best interests of the and it is a source of gratification to our ed the three or four hundred additional Watts Bros. Cn.. notions. white goods and
city of Live Oak is the Live Oak Demo- people to know that such a high class and )hones, the apparatus for which is to be fmrnishines from T.vnehhmr. Va.. and Fd-
erat, an incorporated paper, with J. F. mnle store can he conducted here on such furnished by the Sumter Telephone Manu- ward Corv Co.. of New Orleans. They
Sherwood, president and managing editor, lines of magnitude as is the one handled facturing Company, of Sumter, S. C. We also handle union-made pants and over-
and R. A. Gray. secretary and treasurer. hy thin gentleman. desire in this brief sketch to call special als. The members of the firm are Mesrs.
The paper is full of the best news all the attention to the untiring efforts of Mr. G. D. G. and B. T. Bardin, two of the best
time, is one of the lives to be found in TwE BAND BOX. A. Lyon, general manager, in the up- known and most highly thonuht of bus-
this portion of the state and yet withal is A most appropriate name for the lead- m'ilding of this establishment, his cour- neas men to be found anywhere in the
a conservative paper, not given to slinging ing millinery establishment of this ity lesy toward all his patrons, and the ster- tate of Florida. or for that matter in the
printers ink unless it knows whereof it is The Rand Box. which is operated by ling business principles he has always entire South. Their operations have ex-
speaks. Mr. Sherwood is one of the best F. N. T awler. at one of the principal en- used in his dealings with alL Every one tended al over the central and southern
known newspaper men in this State and ters of our business district where she knows that a community owes its pros- portions of Florida and wherever their
has made a great success with this paper has been for the past ten years and .erity to having home institutions and name is known it is taken as being a sya-
and the company incorporated to give it where she has drawn to her popular esttb- here in the Live Oak Telephone Company onvm for square deadlines with their pat-
fuller scope. This company is capitalized lishment a great deal of the best and 'e find all the members to be public spir- rons. The stock handled is always kept to
at $15000 which shows the strength of most desirable patronage of our critical ited gentlemen, who work for the general the most up-to-date and modern condition
the paper and the confidence its owners trade. Two milliners are employed in the mood of their locality and support all i and it is a pleasure to visit their large
have it it. Job work of all kinds is ear- I work room, a finely fitted up shop at the movements of this character which put show rooms and Me how well enippel


they are to handle any class of orders, of
any size and quality. Both these gentl.-
nen have been in this county for the past
twelve years, coming to us from North
Carolina, where they were in the same
line of work. They are men of great
public spirit, and always to be found he-
hind movements of this character.

Already the business men of Florida
have come to know and appreciate this
young man of Live Oak. Nature fashioned
him for a successful man of affairs, and
he has touched no business up-to-date on
which the stamp of his peculiar genius has
not been left. He is conservative in that
he weighs well every step to be taken,
whether acting for himself or others, but
he is progressive beyond most of his fel-
lows and never loses an opportunity to
keep his own affairs, the interests of his
city, and all other matters committed to
him in the foremost commercially.
Mr. Brown is a Georgian by birth, Flor-
idian by adoption, and a gentleman by
natural endowments. He began his bus-
iness career a few years ago as a merchant
on a small scale, and before reaching the
years of maturity had shown signs of
business forethought and genius which
pointed unmistakably to the splendid suc-
cesses just ahead. He has recently built
one of Live Oak's most beautiful homes,
and in it gathers about him a most charm-
ing and delightful family. He is president
of the First National Bank of Live Oak;
president of the city council; vice-presi-
dent of Live Oak Board of Trade; a stock-
holder in several of Live Oak's leading
business enterprises; is interested in thou-
sands of acres of round timber and turpen-
tine land throughout Florida, and yet has
time to exert a greater influence over the
civic life of his city than any man in it.
How Live Oak has produced all these
young giants is a mystery to many, but
"She has the goods" to show for them-

It is such enterprises as this which makes
a demand for desirable citizens, and much
credit is due Messrs. White and Mcdiflin
for having established themselves in their
present capacity here. Though they have
just recently put in their machinery
they are already making plans for en-
largements and will soon put in machin-
ery for manufacturing lathes and also ap-
paratus for making the finished cypress
barrel staves for syrup barrels, the
staves they now make being for resin.

Mr. Lyle is a very able man and has
also had the theoretical training without
which even genius is at a loss. A full line
of supplies in the electrical line is handled
.by this gentleman and his store will al-
ways le found ellippe:l in the most mod-
ern and up-to-date style. Complete
electric light plants are installed, tele-
phone lines constructed, interior wiring a
specialty and gasoline engines adjusted
and repaired and practically rebuilt
wherever necessary. Three men are em-
ployed in the work in addition to Mr.
Lyle being an active member of the es-
tablishment and all the more difficult
work is either supervised by this gen-
tleman or done in person. lie has a very
fine location for this character of work,
and is always to be found with a complete
line of supplies and accessories which
will enable him to execute any work in
a prompt and workmanlike manner.
Since it is the intention of the publish-
ers of the Fliorida Immigration Number
to bring before the public those institu-
tions and enterprises of our great State
which through their very marked pr,)gres-
siveness have combined to make the dif-
ferent sections what they now are, it
would be an injustice to the city were
we to fail in mentioning those firms
which lead in their respective lines. Mrs.
(.. A. Lyons holds such a position with
up-to-date and modern millinery and dry

Residence of C. H. Brown, Banker.
WHITE & McGIFFIN. goods establishment which for the past
This seems to be the day of progres- twelve years has steadily increased its
siveness in an unusual way all over the patronage. This is one of the largest es-
state. Enterprises are being launched, tablishments of its kind in this section
lands are being rapidly developed and and the enormous stock of about $10.00')
manufacturing plants are becoming more is always to be found made up of all the
and more plentiful, giving us the neces- latest and most popular styles of ladies
sity of using all the means at hand for ready to wear goods. laces, riblsns. etc..
getting into our community the class of anti especial care is taken to make the
people which will enable us to better keep millinery department meet all require-
pace with the times. One of the latest ments of the most particular customers.
enterprises started here is the above Her business last year amounted to
mentioned firm, manufacturers of barrel $20,000.00
staves and shingles, engineered by two
of the best known men in our city, SURASKY BROTHERS.
Messrs. .. L. White hnd P. T. McGiffin. Three of the best known men in this
This establishment gives steady employ- rity are Messrs. Surasky Brothers who
ment to twelve men and is equipped with have been located here for the past three
the most modern and up-to-date machin- years, and who are natives of Poland.
ery to be found in a plant of this charac- They are operating one of the largest dry
ter. Jt has a capacity of eight thousand goods, clothing and gents' furnishing
staves per day and fifteen thousand goods houses to be found anywhere in
shingles, besides having in connection a the state and specialize on hats and slices,
grist and rice mill with a capacity of two having a very fine stock of them always
hundred bushels per day, requiring in its on hand. They are Nathan. .\he and
operation the energy developed by an up- Alex and the former of these three has
to-date forty-horse-power steam engine. been here for the past twelve years, while

Interior View of Surasky Breo' Store.

his brothers joined him later to go into
the present business. Mr. Nathan Sur-
asky is the head nianager of the firm,
and it is greatly due to his business abil-
ity that he has succeeded as he has. Mr.
Surasky has many of the traits of the
captain of industry having bought up sev-
eral smaller firms in this city and joined
them into the one large store he is occu-
pying. All three members of the firm
are active in the work, and also Mr. Julius
Surasky, the youngest member of the
Surasky family. The work which this
gentleman, Mr. Nathan Surasky, has done
since coming to this country shows what
a man can do who has the ability in him-
self. He landed here with absolutely
nothing but the clothes on his back, ind
has since run his capital up until he has
one of the largest stores to be found
in this portion of the country and is cap-
italized at many thousands of dollars. lHe
is a very able business man and is the
type of the immigrant we want, the kind
who are building up the back bone ot
this great nation and making her the
greatest in the world. It is men of the
kidney of Mr. Nathan Surasky and his
brothers whom we want and need, and
must have in this state if we are to ever
arise to the position which is ours by
right. As to the store and its fine inter-
ior arrangements, the great and high-
class stock of goods, and its many pleas-
ant and courteous clerks nothing more
need he said The people of this city all
go there when in need of anything spe-
eially fine. and know the store better
than do we. Mr. Nathan Surasky is al-
ways keeping his eves open for new im-
provements that will tend to advance the
status of his business in any way at all.
and is soon to be the sole agent ftr
Kirschbauim Clothing, of world wide
fame, in this city.

The accommodations which a city or
town has to afford to people who travel
very often has a great deal to do with the
growth of the city as nothing makes a per-
son have a poorer idea of a city than
poor personal accommodations. Such will
never ie the case with visitors to this
city. This hotel is one of the very best
in this portion of the state and is large
antd modern having all the latest and
most approved appliances for carrying on
a house of this character. Thirty well
furnished, light and airy rooms are to be
found here and baths may he had with
the rooms if desired. The hotel itself is
only one hundred feet from the station so
it would he hard for a person to miss see-
ing it when they get off the train. Fif-
teen employes are busy all day and night
waiting on the large traveling and resi-
dent patronage they have secured through
their good service. Mr. Hopeon comes to
us from Quitman. (.a., where he spent
many years in the hotel business and ac-
quired that ability to cater to a high-
class patronage without which no one
can be a success in a work of this nature.
The dining room receives special atten-
tion ieing always neat and clean and the

meals are served promptly and from the
very best of foods. Fifty people can be
seated at one time and all receive prompt
attention thus precluding the necessity
for waiting for your meals. Mr. Hop-
son is also in the saw mill business, the
establishment in which he is interested
being located at Padlock, Fla, with a
capacity of 15.000 feet per day, working
about seventy men. The hotel has ong
distance and local telephone service, elec-
tric lights, etc., etc. A great deal has
been said regarding Mr. Hopeon's itames
for the position of manager of the new
and grand hotel just going up here. We
will merely repeat what is already well
known when we state that we know of
none in the state who are in a better po-
sition to do good work in a business ef
this kind. Mr. Hopeon is a genial and ex-
nerienced man and has always been popu-
lar with all who have called on him. For
the good of the community at large and
the traveling portion in particular we
hope that Mr. Hopson may be indeed to
take this position.

This firm has come in the two years Mr.
E. S. Tullock has been handling it here
to he known as the best place is Live
Oak in which to buy any furniture or fur-
nishing goods for the house and the stock
carried is such as to win for him the very
beat patronage of the entire city. Mr.
Tullock is still a young man and has most
of his future before him and should he
make the same strides for the next two
years that he has in the past. and he bids
fair to do so, he will achieve a large amd
gratifying success in the furniture lines in
this portion of the country. Mr. Tulloek
also has installed the largest embalming
and funeral parlors to he found in this
county and it is not surprising that he
should be doing all our work in this line
when the fine accommodations he has for
such work are known. Mr. Tullock has
a certificate from two of the best embalm-
ing colleges in the country and the char-
acter of the work he has been doing in
this line has always been very high-elass
in every respect. Mr. Tulloek occupies
large and well arranged quarters and all
who call on him are accorded the most
courteous and affable treatment at all
times and the service is prompt and at-
tentive. Mr. Tullock is a native of Green-
ville. Tenn.. and is now one of our most
highly thought of business men.

This concern is one of the largest in the
state in this line of work and the accom-
modations they have afforded our people
have been second to those received by the
citizens of no community in Florida. The
firm is located in large and commodious
quarters near the center of the business
district of the city where they are doing
a business amounting to $20.000 cash per
year. as a strictly cash business is
handled. Mr. Chas. C. Cook, the owner
and manager, is one of the best known
book men in this portion of the state and
the stock he has always on hand com


prices such goods a books, novels, histo-
ries, Bibles school books and stationery,
jewelry, pictures and picture frames,
frames made to order, musical instru-
ments, school and office supplies, cold
drinks, cigars and candies. The soda
fountain is one of the finest to be found
in this city and is ably presided over by
a mixologist who thoroughly understands
his business in every detail. Mr. Cook
has been located here for two years and
has now a very large business built up
which is second to no other in the state
as far as high class patronage is con-
cerned. A specialty is made of souvenir
cards which are to be found here by the
thousand. Two men are employed in ad-
dition to the proprietor of the establish-
ment being busy in the work and the
most careful and attentive service is ren-
dered all who call on this gentleman.
Mr. Cook is one of our most able busi-
mess men and his sterling business prin-
ciples and the high quality line he is
handling has had much to do with the
* high position be holds here at the present
time. He is a public spirited citizen of
Live Oak and always willing to aid in
her development.

In the illustration herewith is shown
a view of the exterior of the building
owned by the Worth Stephens Company.
Altogether there are 15,000 to 16,00
square feet in the two floors which affords
them ample room to carry on their bus-
iness of wholesale and retail dealers in
dry goods, clothing, shoes, hats, notions,
furniture, heavy and fancy groceries,
hardware, farming implements, and im-
proved labor saving farm machinery of
the latest design, wire fence, and fertil-
isers of all grades. They import direct
from Germany, through their agents, gen-
uine German Kainit. In addition to their
extensive merchandise business they buy
and sell sea island cotton in large quan-
titles, in fact we are told they handle
the majority of the cotton raised is 8u-
wannee county (statistics show that nu-
wannee county produces one- tenth of the
sea island cotton produced in America),
as well as a large quantity from LaFay-
ette and Taylor counties. From informa-
tion at hand we find that this irm has
been instrumental in bringing the super-
ority of the sea island cotton grown in
Suwannee county and vicinity to the at-
tention of American and European spin-
ners. The staple of this cotton run from
one and half to two inches in length and
last season the producers received thirty-
eight cents per pound for their best
grades. Under proper cultivation the
farm lands of Suwannee county will pro-
duce a bale of cotton per acre, these lands
sen from 5.00 to $20.00 per acre.
This business was established thirty
years ago under the name of Worth
Stephens & C., a firm composed of the
late Mr. Worth Stephens and Mr. T. S.
Baisden, and has continued successfully,
which is due to the broad-gauge policy
extended to its customers and broad-
minded business men who were at the
head of same, and who acted only on
strict business principals.

In connection with the remarkable suc-
cess which the company has had, it is well
to mention some of those connected with
the active management, who have been
instrumental in building up the large
business the company now enjoys. We
refer in particular to Mr. T. S. Baisden,
vice-president and treasurer, who has
been connected with the business active-
ly since its inseption, and with Mr. Worth
Stephens, whose death occurred March
1st, this year, established same and all
along has been one of the leading fac-
tors in the up-building of the business,
and now after the death of Mr. Stephens,
who was president of the company, Mr.
Baisden has assumed the duties of the
president and has the management of
the business and win continue to carry
out the same policy that the company
has always extended to its customers. He
is assisted in handling the business by
Mr. J. L Edwards, who has been with
the company about seven years. In Jan-
nary, 1906, the company was incorporated
and Mr. Edwards became a stock holder
and was made a director. Mr. Edwards
has charge of the grocery and hardware
department. Mr. G. H. Davis, secretary,
became associated with the business in
January. 1905, and was made a director.
Mr. Davis looks after the accounting end
of the business.

One of the largest industries in the
entire South is the ginning of cotton and
perhaps there is no other one thing which
has had more to do with the facility with
which large lots of cotton can he handled
at the transportation lines than this same
ginning. The cotton is brought to the gin
in the natural state and edmpressed to
less than one-fourth of its size and is
cleaned by machinery in one-tenth the
time it used to take by hand. This com-
pany always has a large amount of cotton
in their warehouse where they store it for
their patrons until called for and where
it is safe from fire, water and robbery.
The members of the above firm are C. H.
Brown, President; M. K. Burnett, Vice-
President, and C. N. Hildreth, Jr., Seere-
tary and Treasurer. Mr. HiTdreth is also
the postmaster of Live Oak, for the past
two years, in which time they have had a
65 per cent increase in delivery of mails.
Twenty-five men are employed by the Sea-
Island Cotton Ginning Co., and twenty-
five bales of cotton are handled every
day in the year. The members of the
firm have always been known as being
among our most able men and the manner
in which they have supported al move-
ments for the good of the city has won
for them the entire respect and esteem of
Live Oak's itiiaens.

No sketch of modern Live Oak would be
complete without a mention of Rev. C. A.
Ridley, pastor of the First Baptist Church,
Secretary of the Board of Trade, special
correspondent for the Manufacturers'
Record and several newspapers, besides
taking an active interest in the entire civic
life of the city. Mr. Ridley is the most
universally beloved citizen of Live Oak.

He is spoken of as a man of surpassing
eloquence, a pastor with the shepherd's
heart, a finished scholar, a faithful friend,
and a polished Christian gentleman. One
of the leading business men referred to
him as "that man who does more for Live
Oak and Suwannee County than any other
dozen men in it."
Mr. Ridley has been pastor in Live Oak
for two and one-half years, and during
this time has spent about $25,000 for
church improvements, has had 321 addi-
tions to his membership, has written and
published "The Literature of Living"-a
book of surpassing magnificence and

charm, highly commended by such men as
Dr. Lincoln Hulley, of Stetson University,
and Hon. John Temple Graves, of Atlanta.
Like a dozen others in Live Oak, you
wonder how he finds time for so many
things, and yet he does, besides spending
much time in the field with dog sad gun,
or on the lake with reel and rod. He was
recently offered an increase of $000 in
salary by a Georgia pulpit, but declined in
favor of Live Oak and Suwannee County.
He is a North Carolinian by birth and
was educated at Wake Forest College,
Mercer University and the Bible School of
Chicago. He delivered the annual ser-
mon last year before Stetson University
and has recently supplied the great
Broughton Tabernacle of Atlanta. Mr.
Ridley is only 33 years of age, and his
friends confidently expect him to continue
his splendid growth. He has a beautiful
home and a delightful family. His church
is the largest and most beautiful of all the
auditoriums of the city.

In speaking of Mr. Barton and his bus-
ness career in Live Oak we give the sim-
ple facts at the risk of being accused of ex-
aggeration. The facts seem like fiction.
For a man to begin with less than $1,000
and never engage in anything but honest,
honorable and legitimate business, and
yet, in ten years to have gathered about
him a fortune worth $100.000 is almost

too good to be true, and yet these are
facts regarding Mr. Barton. "What other
folks can do, why with patience may not
We give here a cut of Mr. Barton's
residence, the most costly and beautiful
of all Live Oak's splendid homes. It is
colonial in architecture, finished on the
inside with the finest quarter sawed oak
to be had in America, and furnished with
all the elegance of a palace. The home
and surroundings are worth probably
$30,000. Mr. Barton is a young man only
thirty years of age, and is destined to be
one of Florida's wealthiest men inside
the next few years. At present he is a
member of the J. B. Barton Wholesale
and Retail Furniture Co., of Lie Oak,
which does the largest business of any
furniture house in Middle Florida; mem-
ber of the firm of Byrd & Barton, Live
Oak, which does a naval stores business;
owns jointly with Mr. MeIeod three tur-
pentine farms in Marion and Volusia
counties; has considerable turpentine and
timber holdings in Suwannee county; was
one of the original promoters of the Flor-
ida Live Stock & Vehicle Co, Live Oak,
and is a leading stockholder in same at
this time. He was one of the organizers
of First National Bank of Live Oak, and
was one of its directors until a few
months ago when be was excused from
the board in order that he might enter
the banking business for himself. He at
once began to establish The Citizens
Bank of Live Oak, which opened June 15th
with a capital stock of $50,000.
We have mentioned these things in de-
tail to show what a man of energy and
ability can do in Live Oak and Bnwanme

Mr. B. W. Helvenston, the subject of
this sketch, is one of the most erudite and
able men we have in business in this por-
tion of the country and the work he has
been doing in fire insurance has been such
as to stamp him as a leader in this par-
ticular branch of commercial life. He rep-
resents no less than thirty-five fire inm-
rance companies, and by having such a lit
one is always able to find just the kind of
policy they are looking for. Mr. Hel -
ston has been with us for the past twenty
vears, the first si as principal of the
Hih'hSehool, from whieh position of hon-
or he resigned in order to go into the
regular business channels of the every-
day world. Mr. Helvenston is without
any doubt The .laram man of Florida,
for in addition to the thirty-five companies
above mentioned, he is also the agent for
the New York Lif Fidelity and Caseslty
Company, and also owns a great deal of
valuable realty throughout this portion of
the country. Mr. Helvensto. is also a
stockholder in 8uwanee Spring, owns the
city cemetery, and has about one hundred
valuable city lots in addition to suburban
territory. He is one of the Board of Con-
trol, in the Board of Trade, and is one of
our most highly thought of business men
in every way.

Mr. C. W. Rodgers is one of the best
known brokerage and commission mer-

Worth Stephens Company.

-i i
~ t


Residenc of J W Brton.


ehants to be found in this State and the
amount of work he has been handling
since his inception here some three years
ago has been one of the many proofs we
have to offer to the outsider regarding
what can be done here in any legitimate
line of business by young men of enter-
prise and ability. Mr. Rodgers now has
two men working for him in addition to
being active in the business himself, and
carries one of the largest stocks of
straight brokerage goods to be found in
the central portion of Florida, aggregat-
ing as it does some $3,000. Hay, grain,
flour, mill products, canned goods of all
kinds, etc., etc., are always to be found
here and the quality of the goods has
been such as to win for this gentleman
the very best patronage of Live Oak and
vicinity while his sterling treatment of all
his patrons has won for him a high posi-
tion among the leading business men of
the state and has shown his patrons that
they can always depend on getting good
treatment, good goods and prompt service
from this gentleman at all times. Mr.
Rodgers is also well known and highly
thought of in a personal and social way.

This is one of the finest establishments
of its kind not only in Live Oak but in
this portion of the state and the simple
statement of the fact that they are cap-
italized at $30,000 will show the most
skeptical that we have here a firm which
is the equal of the best in much larger
cities than ours. The people of Live Oak
have always been ones who have demand-
ed the very best in all lines of work and
it is with this in mind that the firm have
handled the finest stock that could lie
had in the large markets of the world.
The store occupied is large and well
adapted to a work of this nature and
special pains are male to keep the stock

in its usual high class condition at all
times thus assuring their patrons of
their ability to accommodate them and
all demands on every occasion. They
make a specialty of hardware, sash, doors
and blinds, paints, cutlery, mechanical
contrivances, a full line of sporting good,
and among their special agencies will be
found the following well known makes of
goods and firm names: Russell and Etr-
win Wetter Stoves, made in South Pitts-
burg. Manhattan Rubber Manufacturing
Co., Southern Engine and Boiler Works,
and many other names equally well
known for high quality goods. Their
equipment is modern and up to date in
every sense of the word, an electric ele-
vator being installed for freight. They
are located in a modem two story brick
structure, especially built for a work of
this nature and ten men are constantly
employed handling the immense business
they have built up here. The officers of
the company are Messrs. S. B. Conner,
president; A. L. Humphreys, vice-presi-
dent; H. J. Heath, secretary and treas-
urer, and H. Hair. general manager. All
these names are too well known to re-
quire more than a mention at our hands
and stand high in the community. They
were the first men to see the value of a
plumbing department and a gas engine
department where can he found Fair-
banks, Morse & Co.'s goods.



City and Suburban Properties. Prompt
Attention given to all inquiries.

Phone 44.



Hair Hardware Company, Live Oak.


A Brief Review of Its Growth Since the Dis-
covery Of Phosphate by Albertus Vogt.
No one industry has added to the the mining of phosphate. That company
wealth, commercial and industrial promi- was styled the Dunnellon Phosphate ('om-
nence of Florida more than the mining of pany and is today one of the largest com-
phosphate. It has distributed millions an- panies engaged in this business in the
nually for labor, contributed a vast sum world.
to the transportation companies, built Following the organization of the li)n-
towns in several counties and in addition nellon Phosphate Company in 1889. agents
to all this has brought Florida in closer were sent throughout that pprt of the
touch with the great trade centers of the State prospecting for deposits of phos-
Old World. phate rock and securing options on thous-
It has brought millions of new capital hands of acres of latd. This activity n
to Florida, raised the valuation of thous- the part of the agents of that company
hands of acres of land where rich deposits created almost a panic in Florida. Every
of phosphate have been found and is to- farmer, every owner of land in the State
day being carried on more extensively than and hundreds of others became interested
it was the first few years following its and in at least all of the central counties
discovery by Mr. Albertus Vogt in 1898. of Florida prospecting for phospiiate was
The Phosphate Pioneer. carried on extensively by some and quietly
While phosphate was accidentally dis- by others. In a few mimths immense de-
covered by Mr. Vogt near Dunnellon, the posits of phosphate had been found in
real pioneer of the industry in Florida was several counties, principally in the western
the lamented John F. Dunn, at that time parts of Marion and Alachua. The prices
a prominent banker of Ocals. It was Mr. paid for land at that time were fabulous
Dunnl who orniiized the first company for a,- compared with what is being paid to-

day for deposits of rock. Small farmers
who had 160 acres of land and who were
eking out a scant existence, were offered
and accepted thousands of dollars for their
property, even before a phosphate mine
had been established.
Great Many Companies Formed.
Scores of men in this and other States
became interested in the mining of phos-
phate rock and between 125 and 150 com-
panies for the mining of phosphate were
organized in a few months and capitalized
at sums far in excess of what was neces-
In 1890 there were 18,343 tons of phos-
phate shipped from Florida. There were
many plants in Marion and Alachua coun-
ties, but few of them proved successful.
The reports of the vast extent of the
Florida phosphate discoveries forced the
price of the product down and there was
a time when it hardly paid to mine the
rock. In fact for several years there was
a great deal of phosphate shipped from
this State and sold at a loss. The smaller
concerns were forced to retire from the
field and gradually the industry was cap-
tured by companies who had the capital
and whose operations were carried on with
the greatest care.
Has Impoverished and Enriched.
It is a fact that the phosphate industry
has made as many men poor in this State
as it has added to the wealth of others.
A great many embarked in the mining of
phosphate who knew nothing of the busi-
ness, who were unfamiliar with the meth-
ods of marketing and shipping, and who
were soon forced to the wall. The slump
in prices following the active development
of the Florida phosphate mines created al-
most a paqic in prices and the South Caro-
lina and Canada miners, heretofore doing
a great export business, were forced to
confine their operations to the domestic
trade. While this was due in large part
to the superiority of the Florida product,
it is also a fact that the Florida product
sold for prices far beneath what South
Carolina and Canada rock was bringing
previous to the shipments of phosphate
from this State.
Knocked South Carolina Out.
The South Carolina miners were pros-
perous. They had been "working togeth-
mr," and by this policy had" secured prac-
tical control of the market, selling their
product for $7.50 per ton, when the cost
of mining was barely $3.50. But the ex-
portation of vast cargoes of the Florida
twroduct showed to what an extent this
State could affect the markets of the
world. In this connection it may be said
that foreign countries were not consum-
ing the amount of phosphate rock they
are today. The prices were largely affect-
ed by -the demand, though there is no
doubt that for a time the miners were at
the mercy of the brokers.
Lesson for Others.
There is a lesson for the other industries
of Florida to be had from the mining of
phosphate rock. Ever since the discovery
of phosphate in Florida and its mining on
an extensive scale, there has been a lack
of co-operation on the part of the miners.
At various times there have been efforts
to get together and insist upon a fair re-
turn for their product, but for some reason
these efforts have ever failed. It was in
1894 that an effort was made to get the
miners together at Gainesville. At the
offices of H. F. Dutton & Company, then
one of the most extensive mining compan-
ies in Florida, a convention was held. At
this convention there were the Camps,
members of the Dutton Phosphate Com-
pany. Ford, Hilyer. English and many oth-
Prs who gathered in the hope that some-
thing could be done to bring about a better
understanding among the miners and equip
them with more effective implements in
which to fight the brokers, who evidently
had control of the situation. At that con-
vention reports were made by some of
the largest miners to the effect that the
rock was selling for less than the price of
production. But even at this meeting it
was impossible for the miners to get to-
gether and conditions have rocked along
in this manner ever since, to the detri-
ment of the miners themselves and the
great industry in which they are engaged.
Much has been written and said in refer-
ence to this feature of the industry and
we refer to it in this connection only to
give one of the industry's most impor-

tant features even though it is of a de-
plorable nature.
Several Countie Intereste
The mining of phosphate has extended
to several of the interior counties of the
State, and in all of them the vast mines
are giving employment to vast armies of
labor. In Alaehua there are some of the
largest mines, located in the vicinity of
Newberry. It was in this section that
fear was expressed several years ago that
the deposits would not last. In fact those
who could be quoted with some degree, at
least of authority, stated that the phos-
phate deposits of that part of the State
were becoming exhausted, but after several
years have passed, this theory appears to
have been abandoned. For a time at least
there is no fear of exhausting Alachua
county's phosphate deposits.
About Dunellon there are a number
of large companies engaged in the mining
of phosphate. The mines there produce
a large part of the entire output of this
State. A few years ago all the phosphate
mined at Dunellon was being shipped by
way of Fernandina, Port Tampa and Sa-
vannah. But recently Port Englis on the
Gulf has been developed and by rail and
water a great deal of the rock is being
forwarded to that port. Port Englis ship-
ped a vast tonnage of phosphate in 1906
.and will ship more during 1907.
Miners Have Their TreMble
Phosphate miners have had their
troubles to contend with, labor condi-
tions being bad at times and shipping fa-
cilities not what they should have been.
Rates have been high to the seaboard and
cars were not furnished as readily as they
should have been. But the industry als
progressed, and with an increase in the
demand for the Florida phosphate rock
abroad, the supply has increased and to-
day the industry appears to be on a
steady and profitable footing.
Like all other industries the mining of
phosphate in Florida has had its draw-
hacks. At times there were indiatioms
of a crisis, but the men engaged in the in-
dustry have persevered and the condition
of the phosphate miner of Florida today
may be regarded as prosperous, to say
the least.
Pebble Phosphate M ing.
The mining of Florida river pebble
phosphate is being carried on extensibly
by one company on the Peace river. All
the output of this company is sold to
the domestic trade and there is a demand
for more than the company can produce.
The Peace River Phosphate ning .
-Company, which has control of the out-
put on the river from which it takes its
name has one of the largest plants in the
State. The phosphate is dredged from
the be- of the river, carried in barges to
a drier, placed there and then reloaded
on barges and carried to Boca Grande
for shipn-ent. This company has recent
constructed a railroad from their mining
properties to the Gulf, where, they will
have one of the deepest water ports in
Independent of what the mining of
phosphate in this State has done in the
way of enriching the earning eapecity of
Florida, it has in the general course of
its operations brought other business en-
terprises to Florida, built many miles of
railroad and brought thousands of thrifty
settlers to the State.

The growing of vegetables in Florida is
an industry which has assumed enormous
proportions, but the fact that the demand
for early vegetables is increasing in every
market of the United States keeps the
prices up to a paying figure. Everything
points to a rapidly growing market and
to the constant growth of this great indus-

The old original Florida razorback is
passing. The campaign for better breeds
of hogs is having a good effect on the
State and is proving of great advantage to
the interests of Florida. -The best breeds
are grown in Florida now and the industry
has proven of profit to those who have
embarked in it.


A A X Tallahassee and Leon County. x X X

The first settlement in this county was
at Tallahasee, the seat of the territorial
government and which is still the seat of
the state government. In 1821 the United
States government appointed a commis-
sion of two men to make an examination
of the territory and to select a suitable lo-
cation for the territorial capital. After
spending some two years in examining the
territory lying between the St. Mary's
river on the east and the Perdido river
on the west they finally in 1823 agreed
upon Leon county as the most beautiful
and fertile section of the territory, and
the best adapted to the desired purpose.
It was formally selected in 1824, and on
May 24th, 1824, CongCss passed an act
* providing for a grant of land for the per-
manent seat of government, which point
it was declared must be the base for all
surveying operations in the state, and the
point from which the principal meridian
and parallel should run.
Here a town site was laid out among
the forest-covered summits of the majes-
tic hills, which were, in ages past, no
doubt, the towering peaks of a spur of the
Apalachian Range, but reduced to their
present elevation by seismic influences.
To this, the future seat of government,
the name of Tallahassee was given. (This
name is said to be derived front a combi-
nation of two Seminole Indian words
meaning town and sun, "Tallofor"
meaning a town, "Hassee" the sun, "Tallo-
forhassee, being contracted into Tallahas-
see, as is often done with Indian words,
meaning Sun Town.) The fame of this
wonderfully beautiful and fertile country
soon spread to other states, and ere long
numbers of energetic, enterprising and
wealthy people, chiefly from the states of
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Kentucky and Maryland began to settle in
the new capital, and in the surrounding
country. Nowhere in all the sunny south-
land is there a country so beautiful and
so fertile as in the picturesque hill coun-
try of Leon county. It is a land of roll-
ing forests and fields, a land of perennial
summer, with balmy air, clear skies and
landscape scenes, equalled by few coun-
tries, and surpassed by none. Well tilled
valleys alternate with majestic forests
on undulating waves of hills, of rich red
lay. Pure running streams wind their
ways in and around the hills and go on
their way to join with smaller rivers and
pour forth their water into the Gulf of
Mexico. Silvery lakes and deep clear
springs supply the purest of water, as
they mirror the ethereal blue or the pass-
ing clouds of lovely skies. The climate is
both warm and at the same time invigo-
rating, tempered with the refreshing trade
winds and mild balmy breezes from the
This is a country affording hundreds of
opportunities for the paying investment
of capital, and rich rewards to the in-
dustrious professional man, business man
and the agriculturist in particular. To
the agriculturalist especially, does this
country offer more substantial rewards,
with its rich alluvial soils and undulating
fields, to the general farmer, tobacco
grower, cotton planter, dairyman and
stock raiser, than any other section of this
state. The equability of temperature, reg-
ularity of seasons, immunity from the de-
structive storms and frosts of the north
and west, are prime factors for a region of
industrial activity. On the soilofthis
country, nature has bestowed with a lav-
ish hand her choicest gifts, and they yield
up to man for the asking, as it were, all
that is necessary to supply his wants.
This is truly the country for a poor man,
for with small capital combined with earn-
est and intelligent labor, he can soon
accumulate a comfortable property by
general farming alone. Well tried and
long experience has abundantly proven
Leon county to be one of the best general
farming sections in any country. It is the
almost universal sentiment among farm-
ers, even those of tried experience from
other states, that for general farm pur-

-c s-~`
I "r`


poses, the soils of Leon county have no
superior. For nearly eighty years past,
Leon county has been among the fore-
most in agriculture, and of course during
that time great and many changes have
taken place, but throughout that long pe-
riod an entire failure has never been re-
corded in crop production; the tenant sys-
tem is gradually giving way, and small-
er ownerships of lands, and a more di-
versified system of farming, with new
methods are superseding the old; true a
lack of farm labor has something to do
with this, and good reliable farm labor is
needed here as well as elsewhere. There
are thousands of acres of most excellent
farm lands in the country, heretofore in-
dispensible for use under the tenant sys-
tem, which under recent conditions, are
fast becoming surplus holdings, and can
be purchased at fair values, on reason-
able terms. In the light of the above
conditions, we invite intelligent immigra-
tion from our neighboring states or, other
states of the Union; the intelligent and
well meaning man need have no fear or
doubts of success if he does his part fair-
ly, honestly and with the determination
to succeed.
Fertility of the Soil.
The wonderful fertility of the soil and
the beauty of the country were quickly
recognized by the early settlers of Leon
county in the first and second decades of
the last century; settlers for the past for-
ty or fifty years, have been able to pur-
chase much of their lands from the state
or Federal governments, but future pur-
chases of good lands can best be made
from the large plantation tracts, which
range from hundreds to thousands of acres
for the greater part cleared and under cul-
tivation, but always with preserved acres
of woodland.
Land Values
There has never been any speculation or
boom inflation of real estate in Leon coun-
ty. The value of property in some por-
tions of the county has greatly increased
in value in recent years, but the advance
in prices has invariably been based upon

actual demand.
The soils of Leon county differ mater-
ially from that in most parts of the state,
and is made up of the numerous gradua-
tions of heavy clay, humous and sand as
are all other soils, but generally speaking
it is principally composed of an alluvium
of red and chocolate-colored clays which
extend over an area of quite 300 square
miles. This soil is quite uniform in com-
position in which sand predominates as is
the case in all loamy soils; it is the va-
riation in the mixtures that form the dif-
ferent characters of soils; qn the heavier
red clay lands cotton is grown to best ad-
vantage, while on the lighter loamy soils
in varied degrees, other field, garden, and
fruit crops thrive best. The topography
of the county generally, and the section
which includes the above mentioned lands
in particular is of a gently rolling, un-
dulating character, with occasional greater
elevation at irregular intervals. In the
numerous valleys and bordering on the
lakes are found the meadow and grazing
lands, which are as usual the most fertile
lands in the country, but without intelli-
gent drainage they are not as well suited
to the cultivation of crops as the clay and
loamy uplands.
Farms Cultivated.
In 1905 there were 1840 farms in active
operation, ranging in size from ten acres
to several thousand acres. The acreage
contained in these farms was in round
numbers 150,000, of which 97,000 were
cultivated and improved, the remainder
forcibly lying idle for want of laborers to
operate them; of the acreage cultivated,
56,000 acres are farmed under the tenant
or rental-system; thus it appears that of
the whole area in cultivation a little
more than half is in the hands of tenants,
and that one-third of the farm. lands al-

ready cleared and ready for the plow, are
lying idle for lack of labor to cultivate
them. It is but stating an incontrovert-
ible fact, when we say that under the
conditions we have described, there is no
section of any country in this broad land

that can begin to compare in the oppor-
tunities offered to intelligent agrienitur-
ists, with those existing in LAo county
Products of the SiL
That an idea of the productiveness of
the soils may be better understood, we ap-
pend the following list of acreage, yield,
and value of. the crops grown in Leoo
county in 1905, according to the reports
in the State Department of Agriculture;
and in reading this it mait be borne in
mind that these crops, with the exception
of tobacco, were grown without fertilisr,
and upon lands that have been steadily
cultivated for fifty to eighty years, much
of them continuously, without rest, and
they are good productive lands yet.
Sei Best Adapted to Each Kia of Crel*
As before stated the soils best adapted
to the growth of the crops above enumer-
ated are, for cotton, the stiffer clay soils,
for corn, eats, sweet potatoes, tobacco,
etc.; the various grades of loamy soils
are best suited principally became they
are not liable to bake in hot, dry weath-
er and are more easily cultivated. The
best quality of the sandy loam soils is
the sort peculiarly adapted to the growth
of tobacco in its highest sense; also corn;
the lighter loams being adapted to sugar
cane, sweet potatoes, etc.
Tobacco Growing.
It is on this best quality of he san-
dy loam that Sumatra tobacco is being
now so extensively and so succesfully
grown, both in the open field and under
shade methods of culture. For some
years experiments with this tobacco, have
been made under the above conditions, and
it has been thoroughly and completely de-
monstrated that it is a perfect success in
every particular; in 1906 there were 43
acres of sun grown Sumatra tobacco seed
planted, and 44 acres of shade grown Su-
matra tobacco seed planted; the phenom-
enal success under both conditions, gave
an immense impetus to this industry, and
in 1907-this year-there have been one
hundred and seventy acres planted u-ler
shade, and one hundred and thirty in open


felds. The average prodation for the
shade grown is r oo peais per ase; the
average for the sun grown aO pends per
acre; it is not betraying comdence to say
that, as far as ema be ascertained, the
larger part of both aorta have aheady been
sold, aad at prices for the shade grown
from eighty cents (80e) to me dslar
per pound; the sua grown at from 30 to
40 cents per pound; some select grades
higher in both cases. Of course, this yield
is obtained by a moderately intensive sys-
tem of culture; but when $80000 to
$1,000.00 per aere can be ralised, it pays
to fertilize; and it is on the same loamy
soils that we have been discuing, that
these enormously productive and valuable
rop are produced; in this, Leon county,
onee a part of Gadsden county, with simi-

lar soils, there are 100,000 acres of such
lands, specially adapted to the produc-
tion of this the highest type of wrapper
tobacco, and the opportunity to duplicate
the results above given, is open to all who
have a desire to try it.
Intensive System
With a moderately intensive system of
crop culture, any and all of the soils enu-
merated herein, will more than double the
present yield, and all crops under such
conditions can easily be made profitable;
all the native hay making grasses make
hay equal to the best grown in the north
and west, and some excel in feeding quali-
ties those grown in any other section of
the country; the making of hay has
grown to be an industry in itself, and
one of vast importance.

Far Pnrducts of Lea County ud Ther Value for fhe Year zos, Including
Ulv Stk.

Upland Cotton ............Acres
Sea Island Cotton ..........
Corn ......................
Oats ......................
Sweet Potatoes ........
W heat ...................
Sugar Cane (syrup) .......
Field Peas ................
Hay (native grasses) ......
Peanuts ..................
Tobacco (open field culture.. "
Tobacco (under shade) ....
Velvet Beans ..............
Rye ....................... "
Watermelons ..............
Pean Trees ............Number
Peach Trees ..............
Pear Trees ................
Grapes ...................
Live Stock-
Horses .................. Number
Mules ...................
Work Oen ................
Stock Cattle ..............
Thoroughbred ............. "
Milch Cows ................
Hogs ..................... .
Other Live Stock ..........
Poultry, all kinds ........
(do en) ............
Mik sold and used ......Gallons
Butter sold and used ....Pounds
Miscellaneous products, vegetable





Bales 8,70O
Bushels 30,993
Barrels 3,634
Bushels 8,198
Tons 2,122
Bushels 16,836
Pounds 34,640
Bushels 3,639
Carloads 25
Bushels 1357
Barrels 2,574
Pounds 25,282

products, etc.

26,584 00


Another industry that is gaining a foot-
hold rapidly in Leon county is the plant-
ing of pecan orchards; large numbers ef
trees have in the last three years been
planted, and experience so far has proven
that the rich soils of this county are
ideal for their successful cultivation; a
large number of bearing trees of the finest
quality are now.growing in several por-
tions of this county, and a number of per-
sons are deriving quite a nice income from
the nuts they yield; the time is close at
hand when the pecan will be a highly re-
munerative industry.
Live Stock.
The limited space allowed to this arti-
cle prevents our going into detail as much
as we would like, and also to discuss the
opportunities for profitable investment in
the live stock and dairy industries, but
we will say that no section of Florida or
the South can surpass Leon county in
the raising of live stock and especially in
that brand of it which has to do with
dairy products.
What is said in the foregoing is not
in the least exaggerated, it is but the
chronicle of facts that any man can de-
monstrate or prove to his own satisfac-
tion, if he so desires, by personal inves-
To prove the basis of our claim to the
equability of climate previously given, we
append the following table of mean tem-
perature, and actual precipitation in Leon
county during the year 1906:
Mean Temperature and Precipitation for
the Year 90o6, at Tallahassee, Fa.
Month- Temperature. Inches
January ............53.0 7.55
February ............52.3 2.05
March ..............58.2 4.65
April ...............67.8 0.15
May ................ 73.6 2.92
June ................ 80.8 5.17
July ............... 79.8 8.88
August .............79.6 10.12
September ..........78.4 7.31
October ............65.6 4.75
November ........... 62.0 1.30
December ...........54.6 2.35

Year .............. 67.1 57.20
The highest temperature during the year
was 96 in June, the lowest was 23 on
December 24th.


Tallahassee, the capital of the state,
and also the county seat, is situated upon
a high plateau, some 300 feet above the
sea level, surrounded by undulating hills,
overlooking a broad expanse of feld and
wood, dotted abundantly with comfort-
able suburban homes of the farmer, and
the city man, who prefers living in the
cool free air of the country, in place of
the crowded town.
Public Roads and Picturesqa Seane.
Hard clay roads kept in excellent repair,
wend their way from the city, in every di-
rection, rambling over the hills and along
the valleys, constantly bringing into view
picturesque and enchanting scenes, or
perhaps through farms where herds of
cattle browse upon sunlit pastures aad
under groves of majestic trees centuries
The rolling highlands clothed in perpet-
ual green, interspersed with well tilled
fields, for miles around, make of the city
one of the loveliest places in all this land
of the beautiful and picturesque.
Old and New.
Tallahassee is a city of contrasts, the
old and the new, are ever present, here the
peculiar condition presents itself of a peo-
ple living in both the present and the past,
for while they keep up with all that is
modern, they still maintain the customs of
the days long gone by.
Broad Shady Streets and Parka.
The broad and well kept streets, natur-
ally paved by the hard, red clay, are well
shaded by huge trees of many varieties,
and throughout the town are numerous
shady parks and groves, with winding
paths, bordered with lovely flowers.
The capital square, with its stately
trees, historic monuments, playing foun-
tains and broad walks, is a park in itself,
which many larger cities would proudly
boast of. The state capitol, erected in
territorial days by the federal government,
and since enlarged by the state, is lo-
cated in the center of the square. It is
an imposing structure, with massive Doric
columns, and wide wings, and as a spec-
imen of architectural excellence and
beauty, is noted throughout the country.
Mighty battles of oratory have been waged
within its legislative halls, by men who
have acquired national fame.


Reance Portion of the City.
The residence portions of the city are
especially beautiful, much care being
taken with the appearance of lawns and
hedges. The houses are generally set in
large yards, surrounded with choice
shrubbery, trailing rose bushes running
riotously over house fronts and porticos,
their wealth of glorious flowers filling the
air with sweet perfume, while giant trees
shade the well kept lawns.
IThe population of Tallahassee comprises
about 5,000 people; the county contains,
according to the census of 1906, 18,880 peo-
ple; the great majority of whom are wide-
awake, progressive and fully alive to the
natural advantages and material resource
of their surroundings, that await the com-
ing of capital, to assist in their develop-
Tallahassee is the chief marketing cen-
ter of the county for the immense quanti-
ties of agricultural, dairy and forest pro-
ducts, produced, sold locally or shipped to
other parts.
The city has two large cigar manufie-
tories, one ice factory of large capacity,
two large and well equipped saw and plan-
ing mills, cotton seed oil mills, cotton
compress, and several cotton and tobacco
warehouses, two wholesale houses, nmner-
ous machine and repair shops, and other
industries of greater or lesser importance.
Transportation facilities.
The county is traversed from east to
west, and south, from Tallahassee to St.
Marks on the Gulf by the Seaboard Air
Line Railway. and from north to south
through Tallahassee to Carrabelle on the
Gulf by the Georgia, Florida and Ala-
bama Railroad, and by the Tallahassee
Southeastern towards Tampa; this road is
now being constructed, and twenty odd
miles are in daily operation. These
transportation facilities are ample under
ordinary circumstances, and give quick
and convenient ingress to and from the
city, either in the matter of passenger
travel or freight transportation.
Hotels and Boarding Houses, Banks and
The hotel facilities are ample for or-
dinary occasions, and the two large hotels,
are well kept, but there is abundant room
for one or two more large modern hotels,
that are needed in the winter months, to
accommodate the tourist travel.
The city has three banks of large capi-
tal, with facilities for transacting business
of any dimensions in all parts of the
world. There are two newspapers publish-
ed, an opera house, efficient fire company
with all modern equipment.
Light and Water Plats, and Telephoe
The city is lighted with electricity, an
efficient telephone system is also in use,
and gas is also used for public and pri-
vate purposes, the water supply is arte-
sian and unlimited in quantity and excel-
lent in quality.
Public Library.
There is a public library which contains
upwards of 10,000 volumes, embracing all
subjects interesting to the most fastidious
literary taste.
Reiioes Denominations.
The religious denominations are repre-
sented in the principal churches, as the
Methodist, Baptist. Presbyterian, Episco-
pal, Roman Catholic and others.
Educatioal Facilities.
In Leon county there are 71 schools of
all grades, and in the city is located the
9 Leon High School, the State College for
Women, where the young women of the
state can obtain all the advantages of a
higher collegiate education, and near the
city is the Negro State Normal School,
established by the Federal government un-
der the provisions of the Hatch law. All
the schools are well patronized, and the
work is usually of the highest order; and
especially does this apply to the State
College for Women, which is the high-st
institution of learning in the state for the
education of young women.
As a Winter Resort.
The charms of Tallahassee as an inlaid
winter resort, are attractive to tourists
in many ways; many persons who are
fond of bird shooting, which the surround-
ing country affords abundantly, will find
quail, snipe, turkey and ducks plentiful.

Many visitors spend their winters here
with their families and enjoy the sport of
the fields, or if they wish, catching the
black bass and perch that abound in the
waters of the lakes and streams. Game
of the kind mentioned is usually quite
as abundant as anywhere in the South,
the roads are good for getting around to
lakes and ponds, where ducks frequent, or
if salt water fishing is wanted, the Gulf of
Mexico is accessible in a short time, twice
daily over the two lines of railway.
Manufacturing and Other Opportunities.
In addition to the many advantages
mentioned in connection with the city of
Tallahassee and Leon county, are the cp-
portunities for the establishment of va-
rious factories that could be successfully
and profitably maintained and operated;
such for instance, as furniture, wagon,
broom and mattress factories; the country
affords all the material necessary for such
industries. Large herds of cattle in the
county and nearby, are marketed here, and
supply sufficient hides to run one or more
tanneries. Great quantities of fish caught
in the Gulf would support numerous can-
ning establishments; these and many oth-
ers could be established with certainty of
There is not only the opportunity for
the establishment of these various indus-
tries, but also an excellent market for
their production in Florida and neighboring
states. Large quantities of these same
sort of products are brought here from
elsewhere, and sold to our people, which
should be manufactured here, and sold to
consumers at their first cost. These are
some of the opportunities open to the tn-
terprising man of moderate or large capital
and which deserve and merit close inv-s-
For further information, address the
Secretary of the Board of Trade, at Tal-

Sccesars to Balkm Drug C .mpny.
On February 1st, 1907, the Holmes
Drug Company succeeded the Balkom
Drug Company, an establishment that
has been here for the past four years and
in addition to sundry changes made in
the location and in the stock the follow-
ing officers were elected. J. O. Holmes,
president; James Holmes, vice-president;
F. 0. Holmes, secretary, and G. E.
Holmes, treasurer. In addition to the
four men mentioned above being active
in the work, two assistants are employ-
ed and the growth of business since they
took charge five months ago has been
something remarkable. They handle ev-
erything in the drug, toilet, speciality
and sundry lines and a specialty is made
of their prescription department, which
is presided over by registered drug clerks,
who have had a long and thorough ex-
perience in this line of work. Purity has
ever been the keynote of their work and
the highest class goods are only to be
found, here. Plate glass mirrors, marble
soda .fountain and hard wood flooring
makes the house one of great beauty on
the interior. It is not going too far to
say that this house is without a shadow
of a doubt the finest in this city, their at-
tention to their patrons is the most cor-
dial and courteous, and their service the
most prompt.

The first impression of a city conveyed
to a visitor is largely influenced by the
quality and character of the accommoda-
tions he finds at the hotel he patronizes,
and it is therefore of the greatest impor-
tance that the city should have well-
managed hostelries provided with the
class of service demanded by the modern
requirements. Travelers of today are
satisfe.. with only the best that is to be
obtained and our hotels are of necessity
constantly advancing their standards
with excellent results. Though not as
large a city as some we can mention Tal-
lahassee is noted for the hotel service
waI whicn the visitor is met, and as
most of the visitors find first-class accom-
modations at t he Leon, this hotel has'
much to do with the good reputation of
lalihassee hotels. The Leon is the larg-
est and lest equipped hotel in this -part
of the state, and the present proprietor,
Mr. J. D. Hutchinson, who was once a

traveling man, has put it upon a sounder
basis of prosperity than ever before in
its career. The Leon has a business ca-
reer covering thirty-five years, and is
one of tole best known hotels in the
bouth. The one hundred and twenty-eiln,
rooms are always kept in the neatest
manner, and are airy and comfortable;
and the dining department is given spe-
cat attention, the service being such that
a very large number of people can be ac-
commodated with the best of ease and
they receive the most courteous treat-
ment from all employes.

J. D. CAY.
The South has always been known as
being one of the best harness and vehicle
markets in the world and it is not sur-
prising that many of our most able men
should be in this line of work here. One
of the leading vehicle and harness houses
in this section of the state is the es-
tablishment of Mr. .1. D. Cay who has
been only two years in this business, but
in that short time, has centered on his
house a well established and growing
mail order as well as local patronage,
w.ich necessitates carrying, at this time,
a twenty-five thousand dollar stock of
buggies, carriages, spring and farm wag-
ons, a complete supply of harness, and
harness and carriage supplies. Mr. Cay
is exclusive agent for the best manufac-
turers in his line of work, always carry-
ing a stock which will meet the require-
ments of any patron. Some of the
firms to be found represented in his
stock are Milburn Wagon Co., Toledo,
Ohio; Columbus Buggy Co., Columbus,
0.; Tyson & Jones Buggy Co., Carthage,
N. C.; Studebaker Harness Co., South
Bend, Ind.; and Fish Brothers Wagon Co.,
Racine, Wis. Mr. Cay has come to be
known as being one of our most able busi-
ness men and public-spirited gentlemen,
and is always to be found behind move-
ments of this character.

gas and steam fitting lines to be found
anywhere in this city. Mr. Phillips em-
ploys two men in addition to being ac-
tive in the work and has spent one year
for himself in- business here. He has
handled in that time more difficult jobs
than any other one man here and has
earned the position of being the best and
most able plumber, gas and steam fitter
in this city. He is a man of public spir-
it and is always to be found behind
movements of this character which tend
to the future and ultimate good of our
community and the great state behind

There is no firm of commercial life
which is of more importance than the
dealing in groceries, dry goods and staple
and fancy goods and we may well con-
gratulate ourselves on the presence here
of such a firm as Messrs. Levy Bros. who
have been with us for the past thirty
years and have shown in that time that
tmeir early promise of becoming the larg-
est firm in the city either in their line
or any other line has been more han ful-
filled. They are located on the main bus-
iness street of Tallahassee, and have a
ver- large store which is always kept
stocked wi.o staple and fancy groceries
on all kinds, canned goods, dry goods,
gents' and ladies' furnishing goods, fur-
niture, hats, shoes, etc., each in its own
department of this immense business.
Three store rooms used as a warehouse
are used in addition to the location men-
tioned above. This firm is too well known
for sterling business principles and high
class treatment of their patrons to re-
quire more attention at our hands and it
is a pleasure to be able to mention three
men who have done as much for this com-
munity as have Messrs. Aaron, Wm. M.,
and Harris Levy, the subjects of this
sketch. A retail business is done in
their general merchandise, but a strictly

J. D. Cay's Etablisment.
R. J. PHILLIPS, SANITARY PLUMB- wholesale business is carried on in
ER, GAS, ETC. groceries and bulk provisions. The busi-
The work of the plumber is without ness has so grown in the time these gen-
any shadow of a doubt one of the most tlemen have been handling it here that
important in a city when taken from a tdey are now compelled to employ no less
commercial or health and sanitation tnan fifteen men in addition to all three
standpoint and it gives us great pleasure being active in the work themselves, and
to mention in this short history of the no pains or time or money is spared to
city of Tallahassee the part which the make their place the most popular in this
above mentioned gentleman has played in community. They are men of great pub-
the many years he has been with us. Al- lie spirit and always to be found be-
though Mr. Phillips is still a comparative- hind movements of this character which
ly young man, with most of his future be- tend in any way to add materially to the
fore him, still he has been here since a future wealth and prosperity of the state
boy and is well and favorably known to and Tallahassee.
all our people. His study of theoretical
sanitary plumbing is what has placed ''. H. RANDOLPH & SON.
him in the high position he now has There have many things which have
while his great and varied experience and conspired to make this city the capitol
the success he has had with all work en- of the great state of Florida and noth-
trusted to his care has enabled him to ing has been more self-evident in this
hold this position in the face of very connection than the public spirit and abil-
strong and enterprising competition. A ity of our leading business man among
large and well selected stock of fixtures, whom we wish to particularly mention
etc., is always to be found at his store Messrs. T. fI. Randolph and Son, staple
room on the main street of our city and and fancy groceries. This firm has been
it is not going too far to say that he has located here for the past twenty-five
the finest stock of goods in the plumbing,1 years under Mr. Randolph himself while


his ms went into the work with him
some six years ago. They handle at all
times and under all circumstances a high
elam stock of goods which has been able
to meet all demands which have been
made on it and has satisfied the largest
and most critical patronage of our city.
Teas, coffees, and spices are made their
specialty and a very fine line and selec-
tion of them can always be had here.
Four men are engaged in the work in
addition to the owners of the store and
two delivery wagons are operated to
make their patrons sure of getting their
goods promptly and in good season. Al-
tnough Mr. Randolph has already $5,000
vested in the store he intends to make
an improvement in the fall by adding an-
other story to his building and putting
in a baking department, a thing which is
badly needed in this community: The
sterling honor of the firm and the high
class line of goods they have always
handled have had much to do with the
success of the firm and it is not going too
far to y that there i not another house
in this city which has a better position
tnan T. H. Randolph and Son.

One of the oldest and best known
houses to be found in the state of Flori-
da is loated in Tallahassee. We need
hardly more than mention the name of
tai successful and high class establish-
ment as we dare say all our readers have
heard of the Kemper Stables. This firm
has been here for the past fifty years
has come to be known as being one of the
fixtures of the city. Mr. Shoemaker has
room for some seventy horses in his
house and all quartered here receive the
most modern and up to date attention
It having been built with special refer-
ence to the work in hd and and no pains
are spared to make every one who calls
go away feeling they have been eourte-
ously treated. Mr. Shoemaker also does
heavy drayage, makes a specialty of
teams for traveling men, speedy horses
and gentle drivers, stylish turn outs and
rigs and all classes of livery work. Mr.
Shoemaker is one f the most extensive-
ly traveled men to be found in this state
being a native of Holland and having
traveled all over the world, and he in-
formed one of our representatives that
he liked Florida better than any other
of the many portions of the world he
has visited.

In the last few years the growth and
development of Tallahassee has been re-
markable, and at the present, outside of
the extensive tobacco interests no line of
commercial or industrial endeavor is
prosecuted on a better or more prosper-
ous basis than that of the general con-
tracting business. At the bead of the list
of such firms is 0. C. Parker & Com-
pany who are spendidly equipped for the
carrying on of a large and lucrative busi-
ness and who have patrons from all parts
of the State. They will build, and have
built, anything from the most unpreten-
tious cottage to a courthouse, and are at
present just finishing the Governor's Man-
sion here, besides having on hand sev-
eral other large eortracts. They work
on an average of twty men me in all sea-
sons and are constantly figuring on new
contracts. They have just finished the
large store building of a leading dealer
of Quincy, and have there another con-
tract which involve about $30,000. This
firm remodeled the Leon county court-
house, built the residence of Mr. W. V.
Knott, the state treasurer. The firm con-
sists of Mr. 0. C. Parker, who came here
from Virginia as the manager of the
work of improving the capitol then being
done by one of the best known architects
and builders in the country, Mr. Parrish
and Mr. L. C. Yaeger, of the Yaeger Beth-
el Hardware Company, who is one of the
oldest business men of this -ity. By the
honest work delivered in every deal they
have built up one of wre strongest rep-
utations as able contractors in the state.

Captained by men as well known as F.
A. Hardee, president; D. G. Smith, vice-
president, and C. A. Hardee, secretary, it
is little wonder thlt tne above firm has
had a most prosperous career in the thir-

y )ear tie s m store has been here. Mar. .
a. naruee, the preasment md manager or
Lne arm, is one ot tile best known uusl-
ueas men in ataunasbee and s I ueen
ior many years. Ar Ui. t. buit, ttUUe
vice-presadent, is also president o0 the
rirast Natioual Jank ol Madison, and is
one of their most able business men,
while ar. U. A. atrdee is too wel known
in live uak, vloida, to require more
Luan a mention at our hands. Ine tar-
uee-bnuimh ta is a lrst-ciass drug house,
carrying a lul and complete lineuo drugs,
patent medicines, making a specialty oi
U..ng doctors' prescriptions, handIing
.aunnally s candies, anu confectionery,
equipped with a hrst-class and high-grade
souo lountaun where all the popular sum-
ler drink may be obtained and having
at least ri,OOU invested in the stock, as
an incorporated firm. Three men are em-
p.oyed in addition to AMr. I. A. riardee
oeing active in the management of the
nouse, and a great deal ato te credit for
the showing this firm has made here is
due to his able management of the entire
business. The firn succeeded i n -
Jrothers some three years ago and there
has been a drug store in this location un-
der various names for the past thirty
years. Messrs. F. A. Hardee, C. A. Har-
uee and G. Smitn have always been
noted for their public spirit and methods
of seconding all movements for the future
and ultimate good of the state.

'Ihe position which contractors, build-
ers and manufacturers hold in this state
rests easily at the top of the line of in-
dustries, for in the course of operation
of such enterprises, one firm is generally
responsible fur the support of many lam-
ilies. Tlhus it goes without saying that
the firm of Childs Brothers is one of the
mout important in our community. This
firm consisting of W m. Childs and Geo.
W. Childs is one of the best known con-
tracting and building institutions in the
state, and lor many years has been stead-
ily increasing its operations and popular-
ity each year by its sterling business
principles and the high-class work done
uy it. Messrs. Childs Brothers are manu-
facturers of all kinds of rough and dress-
ed lumber, mouldings, stair rails, fancy
gable ornaments, etc., and have for sale
all kinds of building materials such as
brick, lime, cement, etc. A specialty is
made of kiln dried lumber of all kinds,
and they guarantee all their products
from the smallest piece of scroll work
to the largest and most modern structure
to be first class in every particular.
Prompt attention is paid to all orders
and bids for buildings will receive per-
sonal care. To their credit, and as mon-
uments of their ability, stand some of
the most beautiful and substantial mod-
ern buildings to be found is this section.
Tney are now erecting the Carnegie Li-
brary at the State Normal School here
and have on hand several other large
contracts. Messrs. Wm. and Geo. u'.
Chiia though in such business as to
build up a community are among our
most public spirited citizens and much
ot the property of our community is the
result of their untiring efforts in the
direction of progression.

Florida is today the thoughtful man's
opportunity. The wise man who thinks
finds three desires lying close to his
heart: First, a home, second, a living
income, and third, independence; und
these three he battles for early and late
for given these three he can be happy.
In Florida and especially in Leon county

'outsider more onfidene in the future of
a community than to have the fact of
tle establishment of new real estate deal-
ers told them. Increase of realty values
necessitates an increase of intms to
handle the different tracts as it shows
the demand for locations to be on the
increase. The two members of the Arm
of Myers & Pearce are ready to pay
prompt attention to all inquiries directed
to them and visitors to the city are cor-
dially invited to call for any information
desired at their office, 75 South Monroe
street. They are public spirited gentle-
men and the cause of advancenmmnf ha-
always found in them ready supporters.

This company has done much for Tal-
lahassee, in that it has given them a tele-
phone system which is second to none in
the country. The firm is composed of
Drs. W. L Moore and F. Moore, fath-
er and son, the former president and gen
eral manager and the latter secretary
and treasurer. These gentlemen have
been in this line of work here for the
past twelve years and now have three
operators, one electrician, one lineman,
and one hundred and fifty miles of tele-
phone wires. They have connections with
the Bell Telephone Company at Monti-
cello, giving long distance toll lines to
Carabelle and Quincy and Woodville and
also to Bradford. Three hundred sub-
scribers are to be found on their books
and the company is in a most nourishing
condition. Both gentlemen are well
known physicians of this county who
have shown their eminent fitness for bus-
iness as well as their profession. The
company is handled on the most modern
and up to date lines nd and the ccommoda-
tions they have been affording their pat-
rons has been second to those found in
no city in the country. Dr. W. L. Moore
has been a practicing physician here for
tue past thirty years and his son has also
practiced here for some time. The com-
pany of which they are the head and
mainstay has a capital of $26,000, paid in,
and bids fair to become one of the largest
companies of the country.

The art of the undertaker is one re-
quiring special tact and a fita-ss f-ir
things which it is beyond the power of
the average mortal to assume, and we
dare say that all who have had dealings
with the above gentleman will agree witl
us when we state that hb< is one who is
always tactful. and eonaderate f the
feelings of the agrieved. lis funerals
pass off with that smoojtness which does
so much for those left behind, and there
is never any hitch to seem to disgrace
tue dead. Mr. George A. Holmes owes
much of his success also to the fine
equipment he has for a work of this
character and for the long and varied ex-
perience he has had in this line of busi-
ness. He has had one year's experience
in the best embalming establishment in
New York where he learned all the latest
methods for handling a work of this na-
ture. Mr. Holmes owns the ground and
building in which he is located and also
a great deal of realty in other portions
of the cicy. He has three hearses, and
complete equipment for the embalming
of bodies, the work of handling them be-
fore the funeral and alter it is over and
his mortuary chapel and morgue are
features of the establishment. Mr.
Holmes is a man of many interests here
and has always shown himself allied
with the best interests of our communi-
ty and the great state behind her.

all three can be had at a less cost than
anywhere else, and when a community is CAPITAL CITY LIVERY, FEED AND
prospering that is the time to invest in SALE STABLES
its realty. Messrs. Chas. G. Myers and Without any doubt one of the most
J. Gordon Pearce have recently formed a necessary features of any community is a
patrnership in the real estate and insur- well equipped and modern livery, feed
ance business, a business they have practi- and sales stable, and we can indeed feel
cally made a life study, and their knowl- fortunate in having with us such a firm
edge of the current values in and about as tntat mentioned above. Mr. J. P. S.
the city of Tallahassee can I,: depend- jiouston,' the proprietor of this stable,
ed upon as being reliable. 'lhey handle has been in this ine of work here for the
all kinds of real estate, colle-t rents, past two years and has always shown
make loans and do a general fire, life anwl himself a gentleman of the most up-to-
accident insurance business, bt'ag repre- date anl approved methods in this line.
sentatives of some of the most -ih,-.tan- He has a very large location with stalls
tial and popular companies in the coun- for accommodating 100 horses and all the
try. There is nothing which gives an necessary appliances for handling a

mammoth stable of this character in a
modern and efficient manner. Mr. Hous-
ton employs no less than twenty-five
men in carrying on the work of the house
which will show very clearly what a bus-
iness he is doing here, and what a posi-
tion he fills in Tallahassee. A specialty is
made of funeral processions and marches
which are handled in a prompt and up-to-
date manner and show the equipment
that Mr. Houston has for work of this
nature. Hacks, transfer, storage, heavy
hauling, high class buggies and rig for
stylish purposes, speedy horses for those
wno desire them and gentle drivers for
the ladies, have always been made spe-
cialties of this house and have had much
to do with the large and enterprising bus-
iness this gentleman is carrying on at
tne present time. Mr. Houston is one of
our most able men in many ways having
managed a farm for many years with un-
qualified success and having been one of
the first men -to show that this section
could be made a good farming section.
..e has something like $15,000 invested in_
this stable and live stock and is to hbe
congratulated on the showing he has
made here.

One of the most necessary adjuncts to
a first-class tailor shop and we dare ay
that all who have patronized the above
gentleman will agre with us when we
assign him to this place. Mr. Goodman
has been with us since 1871, when he
came here from Germany where he learn-
ed his profession in that thorough style
which characterizes the German nation.
He sells also a general line of merchan-
dise. canned goods, clothing, gents and
ladies' furnishings and notions, etc, etc.
Suits to order, however, are his specialty
and all work is guaranteed. His price
are reasonable, from $15.00 up and all
wno call on him are accorded the most
liberal and courteous treatment at all

This enterprising firm has been located
in Tallahassee next to the telegraph offiee
on Monroe street for the past two
months and was capitalized at the start
for $30,000 which shows the onfideme
...e proprietors have in the future of this
city. They employ two in addition to
the active members of the firm and n
pains have been spared in the equipment
of the house to make it as neat and taste
as possible. A full -line of drugs is al-
ways carried and special attention is paid
to prescriptions, these being filled by a
registered drug clerk this assuring their
patrons against carelessness or unskilled
labor in this important branch of the
work. A complete line of stationery, to-
baccos and cigars. is carried. Messrs. .
S. Williams, president and R. W. Cobb,
general manager, secretary and treasurer,
are two of the best known and most ex-
perienced drug men in this State, having
een in this work for the past twenty
years. They are able business men alao
and will without any dotbt make a mest
wonderful success of this new, modern
and popular house. The citizens of this
e..y are glad to welcome them to the
busy world of business here and extend
to them the good right hand of fellow-
ship, as they are patronizing them liber-
ally for their sterling business princi-
ples, high quality goods and courteous

The continued growth of Tallahassee in
population, commerce and industry creates
a very large demand for house furnishings
of all kinds. During the year of 1906 the
money invested in the building and fur-
nishing of homes in and about allahassee
amounted something over $150,000, tnd a
large percentage of this went into the
furniture and other fittings. This year it
bids fair to have the expenditures in the
same line amount to one hundred per cent
more than that of last year. This one
fact in itself shows an accelerated move-
ment in the line of progression, and Talla-
hassee can boast of having some of the
best furniture establishments in the state
and for the size of the city its resources
in this line are unequalled in the south;
and the simple statement that Mr. J. W.
Corbett has been here in this buiinesa


for several years shows him to be one of
the best established and conservative men
in that line in the city. Mr. Corbett came
to the United States from London seven-
teen years ago and since launching out for
himself his business has been steadily on
the increase through his efforts to make
every deal a square one and by his
courteous treatment of all patrons. He
makes a specialty of fine high class fur-
niture and carries a general line of house-
bold necessities including window shades,
curtain poles, desks, matting, rugs, lace
curtains, etc., and has two able assistants
and a delivery wagon constantly employed.
Just a glance at the well regulated display
in his spacious store gives one an idea
of the man. Mr. Corbett is one of our
most progressive and public spirited men
who has always do so much for the good
of the city..

D. .I COX ruxilluRE COMPANY.
The interior arrangements of the
above house would alone entitle it to
prominent mention in this review of the
many advantages of our city as a place
of residence and a business center. The
stock handled is of the very best quality
and amounts in the aggregate to about
$20,000.00 which shows the character and
magnitude of the business corporation.
The firm succeeded H. D. Hart here in Oc-
tober, 1906, and has since then been doing
a very large business and has shown that
it is in the field of commercial endeavor
to stay and that they intend by right and
proper treatment of their patrons to make
their list of customers the largest sad
most high class in the city. To gain this
end the best stock of furniture to be
found in the southern portion of the state
has been installed and by dealing with
none but the very best firms and handling
nothing but late model stuff they are en-
abled to cater to the high class patronage
that has called on them in the time they
have been engaged in business here. The
stock includes furniture for all the rooms
of house or cottage, Globe Wernicke Book
Cases and Sectional Goods, Ostermour
Mattresses, Rugs, Pictures, Baskets, Spe-
eialties in Chairs, etc. To secure the very
best stuff in these lines the largest firms
in the world have been drawn on and a
warehouse is always kept stocked with
a full line of their goods in addition to the
large and comprehensive stock they han-
died in their store room at all times. This
store room itself is one of the largest and
best arranged to be found in Tallahassee,
and reflects great credit not only on the
owners of the above house but also on
the city as a whole. The members of the
firm are Messrs. G. H. Gwynn, president,
although not active in the business, and
Mr. D. B. Cox, secretary and treasurer
and. general manager. both these gen-
tlemen are too well known to require
more than a passing mention at our hands.

Among the contractors, builders and
dealers in general light and heavy hard-
ware we wish to devote some space to the
large and enterprising frm mentioned
above, a firm that has been known as the
leader in these lines for the past 25 years
and one that has won the entire respect

K. of P. Hall, Owned by W. C. Lewis.
Erected by Gilmore & Davis Co.

and admiration of all who have had deal-
ings with it in either a personal or busi-
ness way. Their quarters are located on
Monroe street, where they occupy two sto-
ries with twelve thousand feet of floor
spec, and when we tsate that this firm has
filled this immense space with their lines
of goods it will be at once self-evident
that they are a firm of good standing in
Tallahassee. A full line of goods in their
various lines is handled and such commod-
ities as doors, sash, and blinds, building
materials of all kinds, lime, cement, plas-
ter hair, brick, etc., plumbing goods, farm
utensils, cutlery, light and heavy hard-
ware, etc., etc, are always to be found
here. This firm has had much to do with
the growth of modern and scientific farm-
ing in this community as they have al-
ways fostered late model and up to
date methods and have handled nothing
but the latest model and most up-to-date
goods in the various farm implement lines
to be found in the world. The firm as men-
tioned above has been here for the past
ten years and is capitalized at $50,000.
The officers are F. C. Gilmore, president;
Geo. I. Davis, vice-president; A. C. Spiller,
secretary, all members of the Board of
Trade and native Floridians. Mr. Gilmore
has twice been elected mayor of Tallahas-
see and Mr. Spiller is now president of the
city council. This establishment and its
members also own the Oekloeknee Brick
Co., with a capacity of thirty thou-
sand brick per day. The good effect which
a firm of this magnitude and character
has on the state of Florida and the city
of Tallahassee is inestimable.

elation) .................... 2,500.00
Total .................... 1,681.26
Liabilities. ......
Capital Stock paid in ........$ 50,000.00
Surplus fund ................ 10,000.00
Undivided profits, less expenses
and taxes paid .............. 17,522.29
National Bank notes outstand-
ing ........................ 50,000.00
Due to other National Banks... 3,252.51
Due to State Banks and Bankers 1,183.14
Due to Trust Companies and
Savings Banks .............. 44,75859
Individual deposits subject to
check ...................... 399,992.70
Time Certificates of Deposit ... 42,758.42
Certified heeks ................. 225.00
Cashier's checks outstanding .. 1,988.61
Total .................... 8 1,681.26
County of Leon.
I, W. Lewis, ashier of the above-
named bank, do solemnly swear that the
above statement is true to the best of
my knowledge and belief.
Correct Attest: Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
29th day of March 1907.

(Seal.) Notar

State of the Condition a

No mention of the institutions of this Of Tallahassee,
city or portion of the state would be com- In the State of Florida, at th
plete without some reference to the First Buisness on the 27th day o
National Bank of Tallahassee, one of the 1907.
responsible institutions here. This bank
was first established in 1856, and in 1889 Resources.
was incorporated under the national laws, Loans and Discounts ..........
and during its career has filled a very County and Municipal Bonds ..
large place in the annals of the commun- Railroad Bonds ..............
ity. This bank is one of the strongest Real estate, furniture and fix
institutions of its kind in the state, and tures ......................
one which is relied on by our business men Due from Incorporated Banks .
to aid in all legitimate forms of business Cash in Bank ................
expansion. Connected with the National
Bank is the State Savings Bank which Total ...................
though incorporated under state charter
is practically under the same manage- I -__ =
ment. The officers of the First National CHAS. G. MYERS -
Bank are George Lewis, president, and W. i
C. Lewis, cashier, G. E. Lewis, assistant, M
cashier, and of the State Savings Bank M
are W. C. Lewis, president, and G. E. 10
Lewis. vice-president. This institution .
gives employment to six people, and the M
savings department pays 3 per cent com- ;
pound interest on all deposits. They make
loans on any good security and are locate I
in their own modern building which has
been especially equipped for this business E st
having all the latest burglar and fire-
proof devices making it a perfectly safe Handle
institution from a mechanical as well as a o
business standpoint. A statement of its S
business is here attached. iThe est in i
he Best in

Report of the Condition of the
At Tallahassee,
In the State of Florida, at the close of
Business, March 22, 1907.
Loans and discounts ......... .$281,943.96
Overdrafts, secured and unse-
cured.. ...................... 8,371.04
U. S. Bonds to secure circulation 50,000.00
Bonds, securities, etc. ......... 68,907.0:)
Banking house, furniture and
fixtures .................... 6,111.85
Due from National Badks (not
reserve agents) ............ 29,067.04
Due from State Banks and
Bankers .................... 5,745.45
Due from approved reserve
agents ..................... 135,839.18
Checks and other cash items... 2,939.88
Notes of other National Banks. 2.600.00
Fractional paper currency, nick-
els and cents ............... 356.13
Lawful Money Reserve in Bank,
Specie ............ 9299.70
Legal-tender notes.. 18,000.00- 27,299.70
Redemption fund with U. S.
Treasurer (5 per cent of cir-

Capital stock paid in .......... $ 2.000.00
Surplus ...................... 10,0000
Undivided Profits ............. 22,87841
Individual deposits subject to
check ...................... 367,480 7
Total .................... 420,6.38
County of Leon.
I, B. C. Whitfield, cashier of the State
Savings Bank of Tallahassee, Fla., do sol-
emnly swear that the above statement of
the condition of said Bank at the close of
business on the 27th day of March, 1907, is
true to the best of my knowledge and be-
lief. B. C. WHITFIELD,
Correct Attest: Cashier.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this
28th day of March, 1907.
(Seal.) Notary Public.


TELD. This enterprising many I--
y Public. been in existence ten months and in
order to farther the immigration of
desirable parties into Leon County

K r the furtherig of this immirr
Stion. Ther e fe are hundred build-
e Close of ing lots within a few minutes' ride
f March, of Tallahassee which they offer ab-
solutely free of charge to any non-
resident of Leon Count. Thil
$30.400 chane to acquire some of the prop
7,000.00 erties in the richest State and coun-
ty in the Union should not be over-
9,675.38 looked and full information will be
26,214.99 finished on application to The
0,0000 Ausley Real Estate company at
.$420~59.3 Tallahassee, Fla.

J. GORDON -----

s & Pearce


te and Insurance
* All Kinds Real Estate

.e Insurance

The Best in Fire Insurance

The Best in Accident Insurance

Office 78 S. Munroe Street



- --------,----- -----------------.-


Real Estate Insurance
Rents Loans

Office in Marine Bank Building


Tobacco Growing Scenes in Leon County, Florida.

The Cultivation of Tobacco in Florida


Tobacco was an important crop in Gads-
den county, Florida, in the early forties,
and at that time the fine leaf produced on
the virgin hammock lands commanded a
higher figure in the markets of the world
than any other tobacco then known.
These fine wrappers were eagerly sought
after by the trade, and until the war in-
terferred with the further cultivation and
shipment of the leaf, tobacco growing was
a well-established and profitable indus-
try in this part of the state. The Euro-
pean markets took the major portion of
the crop, which was shipped through the
port of St. Marks, and a large measure
of the prosperity of Gadsden county was
due to the tobacco industry. When the
war closed, tobacco growing (like many
other industries in the South) languished,
labor was scarce and unreliable, the cur-
ing sheds had been destroyed or were in
bad repair, and tobacco cultivation was
.practically abandoned.
The fashions in tobacco had also chang-
ed, and instead of a large thin leaf of a
light color, the manufacturers sought a
smaller leaf and a darker shade. The
growers of Florida, not appreciating the
importance of meeting these changed con-
ditions, simply concluded that there was
no market for their tobacco, and what had
formerly been a most important business
was almost forgotten except by a few
veteran growers.
These conditions existed until Mr. H. R.
Duval was appointed receiver of the Flori-
da Railway and Navigation Company in
1886. when he commenced his systematic
work of developing the resources of Flori-

da. As the head of the Erie freight sys-
tem Air. Duval had enjoyed very friendly
relations with Messrs. Straiton and Storm,
the New York cigar manufacturers and hlo
extended the courtesies of the railroad to
this firm and their representatives, in or-
der that they might examine the tobacco
that had been grown in an experimental
way along the railroad line, from seed that
Mr. Duval had distributed the preceding
year. He wanted Messrs. Straiton and
Storm to examine and work this tobacco,
and to investigate the