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116th/149th Field Artillery

Material Information

Title:
116th/149th Field Artillery World War II
Series Title:
Special archives publication
Added title page title:
One hundred sixteenthOne hundred fourty ninth Field Artillery
Creator:
Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Place of Publication:
St. Augustine Fla
Publisher:
State Arsenal, St. Francis Barracks
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
[65] p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Regimental histories -- United States ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Florida ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

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General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: Florida Department of Military Affairs.
General Note:
Reprints.
Funding:
The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.

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Florida National Guard
Holding Location:
Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier:
001059524 ( ALEPH )
18704803 ( OCLC )
AFE3244 ( NOTIS )

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Florida

Department of

Military Affairs







SpGcial Arcrdies
Publiiationi NunMber

161

116TH/149TH FIELD ARTILLERY
WORLD WAR I I

State Arsenal
St. FracGis
BarraGchs
St. Augustiie,
Florida









STATE OFFLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL




POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE
32085-1008





The special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
Services Division are produced as a service to Florida
communities, historians, and to any other individuals, historical
or geneological societies, and national or regional governmental
agencies which find the information contained herein of use or
value.

At present, only a very limited number of copies of these
publications are produced and are provided to certain state and
national historical record repositories at no charge. Any
remaining copies are provided to interested parties on a first
come, first served basis. It is hoped these publications will
soon be reproduced and made available to a wider public through
the efforts of the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation
Inc.

Information about the series is available from the Historical
'Services DiIvision, Department of Military Affairs, State Arsenal,
St. Augustine, Florida.


Robert Hawk
Director















116TH FIELD ARTILLERY









149TH FIELD ARTILLERY











31ST InFAnTRY DIUISIOn

ARTILLERY




















DESCRIPTION
BADGE: Approved July 14, 1937. Between the extremities of a scarlet
four bastioned fort the crests of the Alabama, Florida, Mississippi and
Louisiana National Guard Proper.


















rSUMTER L. LOWRY, JR.
BRIGADIER GENERAL

UCommanding General, 56th Field Artillery Bri-
r gade from October 4, 1934, until its reorganiza-
!L tion on February 26, 1942. Commanding General
A 31st Infantry Division Artillery from February
Ti,-,.-- 26, 1942, until January 1, 1945.

Graduated Virginia Military Institute 1914; awarded
Cincinnatus Medal for Military efficiency during cadet-
ship 1914.
Organized and appointed captain, 2nd Florida In-
fantry, Florida National Guard 1914.
Served on Mexican Border as Captain Company H,
124th Infantry, Florida National Guard 1916-1917.
"Served as Captain, Infantry. 31st Infantry, Division.
'A ,.U. S. Army 1917; member of AEF 1918-1919.
e .'Organized and appointed Colonel 116th Field Artillery,
Florida National Guard 1921; appointed Brigadier Gen-
.'eral 6th Field Artillery Brigade. 31st Infantry Di*
vision, U. S. National Guard 1934.
Served as Military Commander during great Florida
Hurricanes, Lake Okeechokee 1926-1928.
Commanded 56th Field Artillery Brigade, 31st In-
.. fantry Division Third Army Maneuvers. Mississippi,
.1938; Commanded 56th Field Artillery Brigade. 31st
S.- .1940.
Infantry Division. Third Army Maneuvers, Louisiana.

SMustered into Federal Service as Brigadier General
56th Field Artillery Brigade, 31st Infantry Division at
Camp Blanding. Florida, November 25, 1940; served
as Brigadier General in Command of Division Artillery.
31st Infantry Division at Camp Blanding. Camp Bowie.
Camp Shelby, Camp Pickett, West Virginia Mountain
Training, and Camp Bradford Amphibious Training,
through all maneuvers held in Louisiana, South and
North Carolina.
7 Sailed overseas with the Division. January 1944;
a Commanded Artillery of Division through New Guinea
Campaign, 1944; Commanded Artillery of Division at
Morotaz Landing Dutch East India, 1944.
Served duty with Headquarters Army Ground Forces,
Washington. D. C., January 1943; Assistant Commanding
General IRTC. Camp Livingston, La., March 1943;
Returned to Inactive duty October 1, 1945.
Attended the following schools: General Officers Re-
fresher Course. 1941, Fort Benning, Ga.: Normoyle
Motor Course, 1942, San Antonio. Tex.; Tank Des-
troyer School, 1942, Camp Hood. Tex.; Amphibious
Command and Staff Course, 1943. Camp Bradford. Va.
I Holds the following awards and campaign badges:
Mexican Border Medal, 1916: Victory Medal (World
War I) with Bronze Star, 1918; American Defense Rib-
bon, 1941; American Theatre Ribbon, 1944; Asiatic
Pacific Theatre Ribbon with Bronze Star, 1944; Bronze
Service Arrowhead, 1944; Victory Medal (World War
II), 1945; Bronze Star Medal, 1944; Distinguished
Service Medal, 1945.





To: The Officers and Men of,the 31st Infantry Division Artillery:
The greatest honor that has come to me during my lifetime has been the privilege of command-
ing the Artillery of the 31st Infantry Division. The record of this Artillery Unit during the entire
war was the equal of any in the Army of the United States. The high technical ability of its officers
and men, together with the splendid morale and esprit, made it possible to perform any task given it
from the training camp to the battle field.
The chief objective of every man in the Division Artillery was to be able to deliver effective fire
in support of the Infantry units of the Division. To be there with the goods when the going was
tough for the Infantry. To make the Infantry know that their artillery was with them and behind
them always. To be truly a part of the Infantry Artillery team. This you did!
I am personally proud of the fact that I was a member of the 31st Infantry Division for 25 years,
serving with it through two World Wars. I am sure that there was no better Division in any theatre
during the war. I am proud of the leadership and performance of its officers and men, from top to
bottom.
I wish to extend my best wishes to every man and officer, and I hope as the years go by that I
may continue to have your friendship and good will as you shall have mine.




SUMMER L. LOWRY. 1A.
Brigadier General, USA
Former Commanding General
31st Division Artillery



120


















THOIUAS F. HICHEY
BRIGADIER GENERAL

Commanding General 31st Infantry Division
Artillery from January 13, 1945, to September
25, 1945.

Brigadier General Thomas F. Hickey, who
commanded the 31st Division Artillery from
January 13, 1945, to September 25, 1945, was
born in Massachusetts on April 1, 1898. He en-
listed as a private in the Regular Army on July
25, 1916. In November 1917, he was commis-
sioned a second lieutenant in the Cavalry Re-
serve Corps and was immediately ordered to
France. He served as a platoon commander in
the 341st and 7th Machine Gun Battalions while
overseas and participated in the St. Mihiel
and Meuse-Argonne offensives. He remained on .
duty in Germany as a member of the Army of ,
Occupation until February 1922.
General Hickey was commissioned as a sec-
ond lieutenant of Infantry in the Regular Army
on July 1, 1922. and transferred to Field Artil-
lery on June of 1922. He went overseas again ,
in 1944 as Commanding General, X Corps Ar-
tillery, and was Chief of Staff, X Corps, during
the Leyte campaign, joining the 31st Division
Artillery in January 1945.
General Hickey was awarded the French Or-
der of Palms and the Purple Heart in World
War I, the Bronze Star while with the X Corps
and the Silver Star and Air Medal while with ,
the 31st Division.








To My Comrades of the 31st Division:
Aitape, Moratai, and Mindanao will always be reminders of a job well
done; of friends that we have made; of comrades who could not return with
us; and, of difficulties and hardships that we surmounted.
As we lay aside our military equipment and return to civilian pursuits,
aach of us has the responsibility to assure that the objectives we fought
for become a reality and that those who follow us will not have to do the job
over again.






































JOSEPH 1. HUTCHISOnl
Brigadier General, U.S.A.

Enlisted on 5 Sept. 1917, commissioned 2nd
Lieutenant. Field Artillery, on 1 June 1918, as- ..
signed 333rd Field Artillery. Discharged 17 Feb.
1919.
Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Infantry, Flor-
ida National Guard, 12 April 1921, assigned
124th Infantry, promoted to Captain in 1926,
Major 2 Feb. 1929, Lieutenant Colonel 2 June
1933, Colonel 27 Aug. 1940. Brigadier General,
commanding 62nd Infantry Brigade, 18 Nov.
1940. Assistant to Division Commander, 31st
Infantry Division, 21 Feb. 1942; went on termi-
nai leave 2 Jan. 1946 and was released from
Federal Service on 18 April 1946. ....




To Officers and Men of the 31st Infantry Division:
The Dixie Division made an enviable record in World War II and estab-
lished itself as one of the finest combat divisions in the history of the United
States Army. I am proud to have served with such a fine group of fighting
men.
It is my sincere wish that each member of the division will have little diffi-
culty in readjusting himself to civil life and that many years of happiness
and prosperity will be the reward of a job well done.
May each of us now fight as diligently for a lasting peace as we did in
prosecuting the war.
My sincere good wishes to each of you.




JOSEPH C. HUTCHISON
Brigadier General, U.S.A.















































ALEXANDER G. PAXTON
Colonel
Commanding 114th Field Artillery from May 20, 1933 until
reorganization. Assigned as Chief of Staff 31st Infantry
Division February 26, 1942. Later promoted to Brigadier
General and Commanding General 33rd Infantry Division.




































HOMER W. HESTERLY PERCY S. McCLUNG
Colonel Colonel
Commanding 116th Field Artillery from October 23, 19341 Commanding 117th Field Artillery from January 17,
until reorganization February 26, 1942. Executive Officer until December 31, 1941.
31st Infantry Division Artillery from February 26, 1942
until December 1944.

122
.;-



















122














HISTORY OF THE 31ST DIUISIOn ARTILLERY


Although the history of the 31st Infantry Division Artil- the U. S. That night four batteries of 116th Field Artillery
lery as such, begins with the triangulation of the Division Regiment were alerted as parts of Battalion Combat Teams
on February 26, 1942 at Camp Bowie Texas, a large and for coastal defense.
important part of its activities took place as the 56th Field In February 1942 the division made its first of many
Artillery Brigade from which it was derived, permanent changes of station and the entire brigade again
The Brigade was first established as a unit in September moved overland by truck to Camp Bowie, located near
1917 when the 116th, 117th and 118th Field Artillery regi- Brownwood, Texas. In 1933, the brigade had changed from
ments were mobilized as part of the 31st (Dixie) Division horse drawn artillery to truck-drawn artillery. It was one
at Camp Wheeler, Georgia. By the latter part of September of the first units of the army to make this change and
1918 it was in France as a part of the 31st Division, how- much thought and effort had been devoted by all units
ever, since the Division was broken up to be used as re- to development of the new tactics and technique which
placements soon after its arrival, the brigade did not act evolved from motorization. Many long road marches were
as a unit but its personnel was assigned to various organi- performed by all regiments both prior to and after induc-
zations of the AEF. Following the Armistice, the brigade tion and .a high state of perfection had been reached in
was returned to the United States and demobilized. During the training of drivers, careful planning of each movement
1924-25 the 56th Field Artillery Brigade was reorganized and the continuous supervision of convoys while on the
as a part of the Federally recognized National Guard, march. During the years 1933-1941 this brigade marched
with the 116th Field Artillery Regiment in Florida, and 3,152,130 vehicle miles in convoy without a single serious
the 117th Field Artillery Regiment in Alabama. The third accident.
regiment the 114th Field Artillery was organized in Mis- Almost immediately upon arrival at Camp Bowie, and
sissippi as a part of the brigade during 1933. pursuant to instructions contained in General Order No. 11,
On November 25, 1940 the component units of the brigade .Headquarters VIII Army Corps, dated February 25, 1942,
under the command of Brigadier General Sumter L. Low- the division was reorganized as a triangular infantry divi-
ry Jr. were inducted into Federal Service at their home sion, with the following changes in the Artillery:
stations and by December 19, 1940 had arrived at Camp
Blanding Florida named in honor of Major General Albert Old Designation New Designation
H. Blanding, former commander of the 31st Division for a Hq. & Hq. Btry. 56th F. A. Hq. & Hq. Btry. 31st Inf.
year of intensive training. On August 21, 1941 the period of Brig. Div. Arty.
Training and Service was extended for eighteen months Headquarters 116th F. A. Disbanded
and with the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of Headquarters Btry. 116th Headquarters & Serv. Co.
war against Japan December 8, 1941, and against Germany F. A. 175th Engrs.
and Italy on December 11, 1941, the period of service was Band, 116th F. A. Band, 31st Inf. Div. Arty.
extended for the duration of the war and six months. 1st Bn. 116th F. A. 116th F. A. Bn. (less AA&AT
Training at Camp Blanding Florida with its many limi- 2nd Bn. 116th F. A. Plat.)
stations, its Dixon-Mason line, SNAFU, Simulated weapons Med. Det. 116th F. A. 149th F. A. Bn. (less AA&AT
sibley stoves, three day passes and short leaves notwith- I Headquarters 117th F. A. Plat.)
standing proved very beneficial to the Artillery. It was soon Headquarters Btry. 117th Med. Det. 116th F. A. Bn.
welded into an efficient fighting force capable of working F. A. Disbanded
with and furnishing support to the infantry of the division. Band 117th F. A. Pioneer Co. 631st Tank
July through September 1941 found the brigade parti- 1st Bn. 117th F. A. Dest. Bn.
cipating with the division in the Third Army versus Second 2nd Bn. 117th F. A. Band, Ft. Bragg N. C. Rec.
Army maneuvers in Louisiana. Many valuable lessons were Med. Det. 117th F. A. Center
learned and troops became accustomed to living in the Hq. & Hq. Btry. & Band 117th F. A. Bn. (less AA&AT
field. One interesting phase of these maneuvers was the 114th F. A. Plat.)
Artillery's engagement with the Second Army's Armored 1st Bn. 114th F. A. 2nd Bn. 137th F. A. (155mm
Division in the "Battle of Good Hope Church." Returning 2nd Bn. 114th F. A. How. Trk.-D)
to Camp Blanding in October it left again in November to Med. Det. 114th F. A. Med. Det. 117th F. A. Bn.
participate in maneuvers against the First Army in North Hq. & Hq. Btry. & Band
Carolina and returned to Camp in December. 137th F. A. (155mm How.
Trk.-D)
A rather dramatic sequence took place on December 8, 1 F
1941. The 56th Field Artillery Brigade left for Tampa, Flor- 4th F. A. Bn. (less AA&T
ida in accordance with previous plans for a ceremony to s 1th F (
dedicate the Tampa armory, which was to be named Fort Hstn. rD A. (5mm
Homer Hesterly, in honor of Colonel Homer W. Hesterly How. Trk-D)
commander of the 116th Field Artillery Regiment. The Med. Det. 114th F. A. Bn.
Jap attack on Pearl Harbor alerted one and all to the This reorganization reduced the amount of artillery in
fact that they knew not what the next few days would the Division from three regiments of two battalions each,
hold for the division, which was by now a well trained to four separate battalions. The reduction in artillery
outfit. The Brigade arrived in Tampa in the morning and was in line with the reduction in the number of infantry
the scheduled parade was held early in the afternoon. It regiments but the functions and tactical employment of
was quite a sombre crowd that watched the long column the Artillery was not appreciably affected. Brigadier Gen-
wind its way through the Tampa streets, in a misting rain eral Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., remained in command of the
just as the EXTRA papers hit the streets telling of the Division Artillery. Officers and enlisted personnel gener-
U. S. Declaration of war on Japan. It is believed that this ally were retained in their units, and either remained
was the first wartime parade of World War II to be held in with the division or were transferred out with the redes-

123











,'-. -,-'. ....."7 "' mendation from division commander to the division artil-
,:- rE lery commander is quoted in part:

"During the recent AGF tests held at Fort Sill, Oklahoma,
the 31st Division Artillery received a rating of 85.35%.
This percentage is the highest award received by the artil-
lery of any divisions of the VIII Corps."
"I am fully aware of the tremendous amount of work
you and your command did to accomplish this record. I
am also aware of the difficulties encountered by reason of
bad weather, shortage of officers and non-commissioned
officers and lack of previous opportunity to fire your
weapons. It is apparent that these obstacles were only a
challenge to your command and I am all the more proud
of your achievement because of them."
SThe 31st Infantry Division Artillery probably partici-
Spated in more tests than any similar unit in the United
States Army and a complete record of scores obtained is
listed here:
One of the first pictures of the 116th Field Arti.clry at Camp l d h : Location
Blanding. The effects of a downpour that greeted troops on arrival. Test No. 114th 116th 117th 149th AV. and Year
I 71.8 81.4 81.1 85.0 79.8
II 82.3 82.3 82.6 93.8 85.2 Ft. Sill
ignated units. This was the first large loss of original III 81.4 92.9 96.7 93.3 91.1 April-May
members of the old National Guard other than many en- AV. 78.5 85.4 86.8 90.7 85.3 1942
listed men who had qualified for officer candidate school- I 87.8 74.1 90.4 77.6 82.5 Camp
paratroopers-and training as pilots in the Air Corps. Many II 71.8 81.1 91.6 83.5 82.0 Shelby
fine men and excellent soldiers were lost to the Artillery. III 96.5 92.9 96.3 90.1 93.9 April-May
In March 1942 Division Artillery Headquarters and the AV. 83.9 78.1 91.3 80.6 83.5 1943
four artillery battalions were assigned to the Field Artillery
School at Fort Sill, Oklahoma to act as school troops and Test No. 114th 116th 117th 149th AV. ocand Year
prepare for its first Army Ground Force Artillery firing I 70.1 81.3 60.9 74.8 71.8 Camp
test. This period of training was probably the most bene- II 68.8 74.8 67.2 84.8 74.0 Butner
ficial in the matter oT putting a technical polish on a III 89.4 95.3 91.1 95.7 92.9 December
basically fine organization in which the artillery ever par- AV. 74.6 83.2 70.0 82.5 77.6 1943
ticipated. All of the battalions completed the eight weeks I 78.7 79.1 78.7 75.0 77.7
period with an excellent record, prepared for any type II 88.8 73.4 75.8 71.7 77.4 Oro Bay
of firing which they might be called upon to do. A com- III 92.3 85.2 89.6 .89.1 June
AV. 84.6 79.2 80.7 73.9 80.5 1944

Interior of a typical tent housing five men and a Upon completion of the tour of duty at Fort Sill, the
tent stove. Division Artillery returned to Camp Bowie in April 1942
where it learned to sing "Deep in the Heart of Texas,"
danced to "Put your little Foot," and training continued.
Here the Battalions conducted the first artillery firing over
r- "the heads of the infantry who began to learn the sound of
shells overhead and bursting nearby. The artillerymen
.- ,also were reassured in their ability to place the rounds
". where the infantry wanted them.
In July 1942 the Division Artillery again participated in
the Louisiana Army Maneuvers. Upon completion of which
another large group of the original members of the Na-
tional Guard were cadred out of the battalions as fillers
for units going overseas. The loss of these experienced
men together, with the continual loss of men qualifying
for Officers Candidate school required the starting over
again from scratch and the training of practically entirely
new organizations throughout the whole of the Division
Artillery. Replacements were selectees and volunteers from
every part of the United States. A nucleus of the old Nat-
ional Guard members both enlisted man and officers re-
mained, however, and a 13 weeks basic training period
was begun in September 1942 after arrival at Camp Shelby
located near Hattiesburg, Mississippi.
The benefit of the excellent technical qualifications,
many hours of study and the state of training and exper-
ience attained by the National Guard is attested by the
following compilation:
Selected and trained as National Guard Officers prior
to Nov. 25, 1940.



124











Brought into service 221 Rank attained by these
officers on November 25, same 221 officers June 25,
1940 as follows: 1945:
1 Brigadier General 2 Brigadier Generals
2 Colonels 9 Colonels
9 Lt. Colonels 43 Lt. Colonels
14 Majors 72 Majors
55 Captains 93 Captains "
51 First Lieutenants First Lieut. (None)
88 Second Lieutenants Second Lieut. (None)
A record of the number of enlisted men who qualified
for and attained commissioned rank through Officers Can-
didate schools is not available, but the number is large and
many of them attained high rank.
After completion of the Basic Training Program came
another period of training for a second AGF Firing Test
of the Division Artillery and its Battalions. These tests .?
were again passed with a record equal to any artillery in
the army. Combined infantry-artillery firing tests followed;
then Division maneuvers in southern Mississippi. July
1943 found the Artillery in Louisiana participating once 1
more in Army maneuvers there. Near the end of these
maneuvers it became apparent that the division was "hot"
for shipment overseas and after a short period of uncer-
tainty as to which direction it would go it was hurriedly
shipped from Cypress, Louisiana, and closed in Camp
Picket at Blackstone, Virginia in September 1943.
Now began a period of the most intensive and beneficial
training the Artillery had yet encountered-Mountain
training near Elkins, West Virginia-Preparattion for a ._
third AGF Artillery Firing Test at Camp A. P. Hill near
Bowling Green, Virginia-Completion of the tests at Camp
Butner, North Carolina-Amphibious Training at Camp
Bradford near Norfolk, Virginia, culminating in actual
amphibious landings form Chesapeake Bay in the Solo-
mons Island Area. The artillery of the Division was now
ready for any assignment and by the end of February 1944
all elements had staged at Camp Patrick near Norfolk,
Virginia, had shipped out of Hampton Roads, and were
on their way through the Panama Canal to Oro Bay, New
Guinea (Buna-Gona Area) in the Southwest Pacific.
Although the country was strange, the heat was intense
in the daytime, malaria and scrub typhus prevalent, and
the "fuzzy-wuzzy" natives interesting: the men immediately
settled down to the construction and improvement of their
camp near DOBODURA. An acclimating training program
was instituted and many baseball diamonds were con-
structed although there was little time available for base-
ball. It was here the artillery received the tractor equipment
and bulldozers which were to prove so valuable and reli-
able in future operations. More amphibious training was
conducted and emphasis was placed on learning how to live
and fight in the jungle. Preparations were soon underway
for another series of AGF artillery firing tests, which were
completed in the same excellent manner as before. Morale
was excellent and everyone was anxious to prepare in
everyway possible for the combat in which they knew
they would soon participate.
On June 28, 1944 the first of the Artillery Battalions left
to praticipate in combat, when the 149th Field Artillery
Battalion as part of the 124th Regimental Combat Team Top: Harbor at Oro Bay
was ordered to the AITAPE area. The remainder of the Center: Headquarters
artillery began their combat experience when the Division area on Morotai.
moved to the WAKDE-SARMI area in August. Upon com- Above: Natives at cere-
pletion of this operation and that at AITAPE, the division monial. Note headdresses,
consolidated for the MOROTAI, and later the MINDANAO birds of paradise.
operations. Activities of the Artillery in these operations are
best described in the narratives of the several battalions. Right: Native belles






11111











In January 1945 Brigadier General Sumter L. Lowry,
Jr., and Colonel Homer W. Hesterly, Executive Officer,
completed a long and meritorious period of service with the
artillery and returned to the United States. Brigadier
General Thomas F. Hickey joined the division and assumed
command of the Division Artillery on January 13, 1945.
He directed the operations of the artillery for the remain-
ing period of time on MOROTAI and throughout the MIN-
DANAO campaign. At the completion of hostilities, he was
assigned to Washington and returned to the United States
cn September 25, 1945.
The words of the Division Artillery Air Section in the
MINDANAO campaign as in all other campaigns was
particularly outstanding. A-summary of the operations is
set forth:
IMINDANAO OPERATION
April 22, 1945 June 30, 1945
Fire missions ............ 120 Flights 449 missions
Guiding Bomb Strikes ...... 60 Flights
Supply Drops to Infantry.. 487 Flights 40 Tris Tons
Patrol and reconnaissance 140 Flights
Carrier...................... 102 Flights
Photo .................... 4 Flights
Evacuating Casualties .... 73 Flights 73 Casualties.

Headquarters and headquarters Battery departed from
AGUSAN (Bugo), MINDANAO aboard the transport USS
GENERAL OMAR BUNDY on December 2, arrived in San
Francisco on December 19, and was inactivated at Camp
Stoneman, California on December 21, 1945.
All battalions of the Division Artillery performed their
missions in a superior manner both in training the many
replacements who passed through their ranks and in actual
combat. They were always ready to support the infantry
with fire power whenever needed and assisted them in
maintaining communications, reinforcing their supply
lines bqth by tractor and air drops from cub planes and in
evacuating their wounded. Liaison officers and forward
observer parties accompanied the infantry at all times,
shared their many hardships and were always on the spot
when artillery fire was needed in supporting the infantry
advance or breaking up the enemy's attack. When func-
tioning as part of Regimental or Battalion Combat Teams
the Artillery was truly a part of the team and no finer
Top: Artillery liaison plane L-4 dropping supplies to Infantry compliment can be paid to each battalion than the state-
ment of the respective Infantry Regimental commanders
that his supporting artillery battalion was the best in the
Left: Artillery liaison planes on landing strip at Oro Bay. division; or the division commanders statement that the
Right: Artillery cub plane hauls casualties to the rear at Kibawe Division is proud of its artillery.
Historical records concern themselves primarily with
the record of the movement and operations of units and
S- their commanders, and little is found concerning the day by
day activities of the individual soldier who makes these
operations possible. It was he who endured the many
hardships of living in the jungle in the heat and in the
rain, continually moved day after day, manned the guns
day and night, sometimes with enemy shells landing near-
by, dug the fox holes, built the pill boxes and chopped
down fields of fire for his weapons, drove the tractors over
F, %9 impassable roads hub deep in mud or chocked with dust.
kept the equipment in repair, and if.the things he needed
were not available, improvised somehow and made things
go. His unfailing loyalty, courage, ingenuity and aggressive-
ness were an inspiration to all and to him is due the credit
for the fine performance of the Artillery in living up to
the motto "It can be done."


126













116TH FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALIOn


Coaf O rmt





BLAZONRY DESCRIPTION
COAT OF ARMS: approved The shield is red for artil-
April 14. 1925; amended April
20. 1925. Aery, the blue Fess indicate
Shield: Gules, a fess Azure the Federal Service in 1898.
fimbriated Argent in Chief a The charge in the chief of
disc partiper pale of the first
(gules) and of the second the shield is a modified form
(azure) fimbriated of the third of the shoulder sleeve in-
(argent) and charged with two signia of the 31st Division
conventionalized D's bacl to
back of the like (argent) (a the two-colored parting in-
simulation of the shoulder dictating service in 31st Di-
sleeve insignia of the 31st Di- iin o wie th
vision) and in base a fleur-de-lis vision on two sides of the
also of the last (argent). world. The fleur-de-lis indi-
Crest: That for regiments of cates the service in France.
Florida National guard. Wreath: C the service in Fr e.
Argent and gules. Streamers authorized.
SMotto: vestilga Nulla Retror- World War without inscrip-
sum (There Is no going back). tion.







,l.? -.- ----- -"-- ...-
't.f, -" '-.,,. ... ..."..." .....









JOEL C. GARRARD GEORGE N. SPAIN
aor Lieutenant Colonel
Commanded Battalion from Au- Commanded Ist Battalion 116th
gust 10, 1945 to inactivation De- Field Artillery at Induction.
Member 20, 1945.












FRANK C. PAUL
Lieutenant Colonel
Commanded Battalion from February 26, 1942 until
August 9, 1945.

133










HISTORY OF 116TH FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALIOn

The 116th Field Artillery was originally organized at then moved to Camp Blanding, Florida, to begin intensive
Camp Wheeler, Georgia, during World War I as part of training as a part of the Army of the United States. The
the 31st Division. It arrived in France in October, 1918, 'unit retained its home station at Camp Blanding through-
saw no combat service, and was mustered from Federal out 1941 and participated as a regiment in the Army ma-
Service on January 16, 1919. neuvers both in Louisiana and in North Carolina. In Febru-
Florida was granted authority by the War Department ary 1942 it moved with the Division to Camp Bowie, near
to provide a battalion of field artillery as part of the Na- Brownwood, Texas.
tional Guard after World War I and on December 5, 1921 With the reorganization of the 31st Division as a tri-
three firing batteries, "A", "B" and "C" formed the basis angular division on February 26, 1942 the regiment was
of the 1st Battalion 116th Field Artillery. Completion broken up into two separate battalions. The 1st Battalion
of the 1st Battalion was effected with the establishment of was redesignated as the 116th Field Artillery Battalion
Headquarters Battery and Combat Train on February under command of Lieutenant Colonel Frank C. Paul
15, 1922. All of the 1st Battalion was located in Tampa and remained as an organic part of the 31st Infantry Di-
with Major Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., in command, vision Artillery. Headquarters 116th Field Artillery was
Expansion to a full regiment was begun by the found- disbanded and Colonel Homer W. Hesterly was assigned
ing of the Second Battalion. Firing Batteries "D", "E" and as Executive Officer of the Division Artillery. Headquarters
"F" were located at Lakeland, Plant City and Arcadia, Battery was redesignated Hq. and Serv. Co., 175th Engi-
with Headquarters Battery and Combat Train in Bartow. neers (Gen Serv) and moved to a new station. The band
On August 23, 1923 the 2nd Battalion was Federally recog- was redesignated Band, 31st Infantry Division Artillery.
nized as a unit. The regiment received official recognition The 2nd Battalion was redesignated as the 149th Field
on January 20, 1924. Service Battery with band section Artillery Battalion and remained as an organic part of
was placed at Winter Haven and later at Arcadia. Battery the division artillery. The 116th Field Artillery Battalion
"F" was transferred to Winter Haven. The Medical De- inherited the Shield, Crest, Motto and Colors of the regi-
tachment was organized in Tampa October 6, 1922. Regi- ment.
mental Headquarters Battery was placed in Ft. Myers Training as covered under the Section devoted to 31st
but in 1937 was moved to St. Petersburg. On the date of Infantry Division Artillery was continued throughout
Federal recognition, Major Lowry was promoted to Colonel 1942 and 1943, and February 1944 found the battalion at
and regimental commander. Camp Pickett, Virginia, fully qualified for overseas move-
Effective July 16, 1933 the regiment was converted from ment.
horse-drawn artillery to truck-drawn artillery. The horses OVERSEAS MOVEMENT
were disposed of and trucks were issued in their: place. On February 23, the 116th Field Artillery Battalion
On October 4, 1934 Colonel Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., was moved to Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia. Staging was co
promoted to Brigadier General and Commanding General, pleted and on March 1, 1944 the battalion embarked aboard
56th Field Artillery Brigade, of which the 116th Field T ACONCAGUA from Hampton Roads
Artillery was a part. Lieut. Colonel Homer W. Hesterly Port of Embarkation. The ship passed through the Panama
was advanced to Colonel in command of the regiment on Canal on March 8, docked at Balboa for repairs, and de-
October 23, 1934. .1 parted on March 13. It was necessary to return to Balboa for
The year 1937 brought to the regiment superior rating, further repairs and the voyage was resumed March 14.
national recognition ,and the highest efficiency standing of On April 10, 1944 the battalion arrived at ORO BAY,
any National Guard Regiment in the United, States. Dur- BRITISH NEW GUINEA. Camp was established with the
ing 1938, Major General George Van Horn Moseley, then remainder of the division in the vicinity of DOBODURA,
commander of the Fourth Corps Area, twice publicly stated where acclimation and jungle training occupied the time
that the 116th Field Artillery was "the finest regiment in until preparations were begun for movement into a com-
the world." bat area.
INDUCTION MAFFIN BAY
On November 25, 1940 the regiment was inducted into The battalion departed from ORO BAY on August 8,
Federal Service and remained in training at each unit's 1944 aboard the Transport SS MAUI, and after stopping
home station until the latter part of December 1940. It in FINSCHAFEN several days for repairs, arrived at


Trucks passing on Franklin Street leaving on its long
anticipated trip to Camp Blanding. Inside one of the trucks enroute to Blanding

r1 DSUPT 1.IU V T S



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MAFFIN BAY, DUTCH NEW GUINEA on August 15. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1941
Positions were occupied within the Division perimeter es-
tablished for the protection of MAFFIN BAY and theI THART L
large Air Force installations on WAKDE ISLAND just off
shore.
At 1000 hours on August 17 the battalion fired its first OP T N
concentration in actual combat. Master Sergeant Bradley
T. Shaw, Sergeant Major, gave the command to fire the
first round. The first combat mission-direct support of a -
combat patrol from the 1st Battalion 155th Infantry-was A WA
assigned to the battalion on August 22. This patrol was LOUISIANA WAR
to cross WOSKE River, proceed northwest up the coast
of MAFFIN BAY, cross SAWAR Creek and destroy all
enemy supplies and installations between SAWAR Creek Hold Highly-Rated
and METIMEDAN Creek. Liaison Sections 1 and 3 and
A and C Battery forward observer parties accompanied Force in Tracks
the patroL
On August 28 the same mission was assigned to the
3rd Battalion 155th Infantry. Liaison Section 3, forward WITH THE 116TH ON LOUISI-
observer parties from the three firing batteries and .ANA MANEUVERS, Sept. 20.-(Spe-
communication sections from Headquarters Battery ac- cial.)-The 116th field artillery had a
Roman holiday Thursday and Friday
companies the patrol. The enemy, because of the similar when they pinned the highly pub-
nature of the mission and actions, were better prepared. licized second army's mechanized di-
Anti-personnel mines and booby traps were numerous. vision to the ground 40 miles north-
All open areas on the route, particularly in and around A newspaper oer A Heenrl Tmpa, colonel
SAWAR Airdrome had machine guns sighted on them. clipping from mander of the 116th, announced to-
Enemy mortar concentrations fell on the trail and snipers a Tampa, Fla., day..
had occupied strategic positions in trees and on the newspaper. Early Thursday morning 116th re-
ground. A 20 minute artillery preparation was fired on onnaissane parties discovered itha
SAWAR Creek to proceed the attack. After considerable the position of friendly infantry and
fighting in which many casualties were inflicted on the were forming to strike the 116th on
enemy the patrol returned. Among the many Japs killed its right flank.
two snipers were killed by members of the artillery par- They Couldn't Break Through
ties during the return. Immediately, 75-millimeter guns
On the evening of August 28 one round of enemy wee amored diviionk the advance oun
artillery fire landed within 75 yards of the CP but no emplacements not only surprised the
casualties resulted. enemy tanks and armored cars, but
On September 1 the artillery of the 33rd Infantry Di- denied them an opportunity of de-
vision took over the fires of the battalion and preparations oyinghand T euveringe comll eak-
were started for the next operation. make frontal attacks for which the
116th was already set to meet.
MOROTAI ISLAND Throughout Thursday and until
On September 9 the battalion was loaded on LCM's and conclusion of the problem Friday
afternoon, the Florida artillerymen
taken aboard the Landing Ship Dock-USS CARTER had the mechanized enemy covered.
HALL-for the amphibious assault on MOROTAI Island. and partially immobilized, while
The first objective of the assault force was to sieze the friendly infarltry prevented the sec-
southwest tip of MOROTAI Island including the PITOE rndough infatry from spreadlgt
Airdrome (started by Japs but later abandoned) and to The preliminary score for the 116th
establish protection around an area sufficient to build is: 55 light tanks "destroyed," 10 ar-
supply and air installations. The 116th Field Artillery mored cars "Captured or destroyed."
and 31 of the ll6th's 75-millimeter
Battalion was in direct support of the 155th Infantry for guns "destroyed." It will be several
the assault. weeks before a complete digest of the
The morning of D-Day September 15 found the CAR- engagement is available.
TER HALL in HALAMEHERA SEA standing approxi-
mately 10,000 yards off shore while a naval bombard-
ment was delivered on the landing beaches. At H-- 30 the
first wave of the battalion in six LCM's containing Battery Red Beach, Morotai.
A, Communications and Fire Direction Sections of Head-
quarters Battery, 1st Platoon Company A, 98th Chemical- -
Battalion attached and the Battalion Commander and part
of his staff, landed on the south (right) edge of Red
Beach. It was only two hours before extreme low tide and
the landing beach was found to be obstructed by a coral
and mud reef approximately 300 feet wide. Much diff-
culty was encountered in getting personnel and equipment
ashore. Vehicles were soon stalled in the mud. With the
assistance of an LVT which had come in with the first
waves of the infantry, the four howitzers were extracted,
towed to position and were read to fire by 0945. The sec-
ond wave containing B Battery experienced the same

"_S S "' -- L

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"1k difficulty in landing but by the time the third wave ar-
rived a channel of solid ground had been found and
two of the sections came ashore with ease.
No enemy opposition was encountered during the land-
ing -Practically the entire day was spent in extricating
the bogged down equipment. By nightfall all equipment
except three tractors were ashore; a landing strip for the
liaison planes had been constructed and planes had flown
from it to fire direct support missions and make long
range reconnaissance of areas under enemy control; and
the battalion was in position on PITOE Airdrome pre-
pared to accept missions from the infantry and also able
to fire seaward in case of counterinvasion.
-. On D+l, September 16 the first enemy opposition from
Sthe air appeared. A single plane dropped one bomb in the
.' bay. These nuisance raids continued daily for some time.
The infantry experienced practically no opposition and
rapidly advanced to secure all objectives. On September 18
the battalion moved to new positions in a banana grove
several miles inland from the beach where it remained
During its entire stay on MOROTA. On September 29,
C Battery moved into advanced position to support the
3rd Battalion of the 155th Infantry in a reconnaissance in
.- force up the PILOWO RIVER to destroy an estimated
'. enemy force of 150 Japs and 150 armed Chinese coolies
in their service. The liaison plane assisted greatly in this
S -. operation and 830 rounds were expended in supporting
the infantry. 2472 rounds were expended by the Battalion
up to October 4.
From this time on the infantry continued to man the
__~" defensive perimeter which had been established to pro-
.tect the large air force installations which had been con-
structed by our forces and the battalion remained in di-
rect support of the perimeter and of patrol actions by the
infantry. Forward observer parties and Liaison planes
accompanied all patrols and gave artillery support when
needed. Jap bombing, raids continued to be almost a
nightly occurrence up until January 1, 1945 and bombs
I. dropped near the battalion area on several occasions. On
the night of November 24 one bomb dropped in C Battery
area. Four men were wounded by bomb fragments; one
peep was set on fire, other vehicles and trailers were dam-
aged, kitchen units were damaged and six tents were
blown down. Although a large fire was started by burning
gasoline, it was quickly extinguished with dynamite and
bulldozers.
In May 1945 it was learned that the Division would
participate in the MINDANAO Campaign and all activities
were directed toward preparation for this operation.
MINDANAO, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
The 31st Infantry Division reinforced was to move in
two echelons to the previously secured PARANG area
prepared for offensive action. The first echelon to arrive in
the objective area on R+5. R-Day was April 17, 1945.
The 116th Field Artillery was attached to the 155th In-
fantry.
Enemy forces were estimated at 35,000-40,000 of which
-' j approximately 30,000 had been identified. Of those identi-
fled 19,000 were with combat or base defense units and
11,000 with service units. The major combat units identi-
fied were the 100th Division and parts of the 30th Division.
Existing elements of the 30th Division were believed to
be in the KABACAN-OMINAY-DIGOS area.
On April 17, 1945 equipment and vehicles of Headquar-


Left, reading from top to bottom: General MacArthur ob-
serves operations of battalion in Morotai landing. T/3 air-
craft mechanic-and artillery liaison plane. Artillery tractor
coming ashore on Red Beach. T/5 John Romano and
T/5 John Flannery, signal operators.












ters, A, B and Service Batteries were loaded aboard LST .
630. Battery C loaded aboard LST 569 with the 1st Bat-
talion 155th Infantry. Personnel was loaded on the 18th
and the convoy departed on the 19th.
The weather was good and the convoy arrived in POL-
LOCK HARBOR, PARANG, MINDANAO on April 22
without incident. Unloading was completed by 2359 and
the battalion occupied an assembly area a short distance
from the beach.
The 155th Infantry was assigned the mission of protect-
ing the installations at PARANG and the battalion re-
mained in this area for six days. Leaving this area it
moved to KABACAN on April 29 and then to vicinity
of KAKAR on May 2. On May 3 it reverted to Division
Artillery control. .
In the meantime the 155th Infantry had proceeded north
up the SAYRE Highway following the 124th Infant:'y to
the vicinity of KIBAWE near the junction of the SAYRE
Highway and the TALOMA trail and were prepared to
take over the mission of continuing the advance north.
The enemy had destroyed all bridges. Two deep gorges
and one large -river together with innumerable small
stream crossings prevented movement of any vehicular
traffic and the artillery was forced to remain at KAKAR
until the Engineers could bridge the main obstacles and
repair the smaller structures.
At 0630 on May 11 the battalion began moving to re-
join the infantry, approximately 40 miles to the north.
The road was barely passable and progress was slow.
Trucks and trailers continually bogged down in the mud
and required pulling or winching. Time after time it be-
came necessary to uncouple the artillery tractors and
assist vehicles of other units of the division through the
bad stretches. The night of the lth was spent barely
moving by short bounds. The road was continually re-
paired, vehicles were towed or winched with the tractors
and the battalion finally occupied positions in the vicinity
of KITAOTAO on April 12. Battery A was attached to the
3rd Battalion 167th Infantry to support its mission of : .
blocking the TALOMA trail and occupied positions near
the Infantry CP. The remainder of the battalion took up .,
its mission of reinforcing the fires of the 149th FA Bat- '"
taliony.
On the morning of May 13 the 155th Infantry relieved ".
the 124th Infantry in spearheading the advance north.
The battalion less A battery was placed in direct support
and moved forward to the vicinity of MIARAMAG Air-
strip Number 1. While closing into the new position a
small group of Jap infantry attacked with rifle fire and
hand grenades. The attack was broken up and two of the
enemy killed. Battalion casualties were one officer wound- .
ed by rifle fire and two enlisted men wounded by grenade "
fragments.
The infantry continued to advance without opposition
and the battalion (-) moved to new positions vicinity
MARAMAG airstrip Number 2 on the afternoon of May
14 and to the vicinity of PANADTARAN on the 15th. A --
Battery was relieved of its mission on the TALOMA trail T
and rejoined the battalion.
All bridges along the route of advance were reported
destroyed by -air observers. However, on May 17 the road
was opened and the battalion displaced to vicinity of
VALENCIA. Roads again became impassable due to de-. ""
stroyed bridges and intermittent heavy rains and forward


Right, reading from top to bottom: The landing on Red
Beach, Morotai. A stalled "buffalo" on Sabatai River.
Artillery "buffalo" carrying supplies on the Sabatai River.
116th chapel on Morotai. The Xmas mural. .,











movement was prevented until the morning of the 19th.
The new area was in the vicinity of MAILAG just south
of the MANUPALI River. The bridge across this wide
--river had been destroyed and forward movement was
again interrupted until a .bridge was completed on the
afternoon of the 15th. The battalion less Battery B moved
into positions between MALAYBALAY and LINABO
crossroads. At approximately 1510 while the occupation
of position was still in progress, heavy enemy artillery
fire was received in the area and continued until 1640.
During this time and with the aid of air .observation,
counter battery fire was delivered by A battery with
unobserved results. The enemy ceased firing however
and alternate positions were occupied. Six casualties and
several battle fatigue cases were evacuated to the rear
as a result of the enemy fire.
On May 21 the battalion moved across country to po-
sitions just south of MALAYBALAY Airstrip. While there
the juncture between elements of the 40th Division and
the 31st Division was effected.
On. May 27 the battalion less C battery moved to MA-
NAGOK to support the 1st Battalion 124th Infantry oper-
. -. ating to the east. Battery C oved to MAILAG to support
the 155th Infantry operating east of the PULANGI River.
On the evening of May 29 the battalion area at Managok
received a heavy barrage of enemy artillery and mortar
i fire from the mountains directly in front to the east. On
S-I the evening of June 1 it was repeated. Considerable dam-
.age was inflicted during the two shellings. Many had
narrow escapes and three officers and 10 men were
wounded. Miraculously none were killed.
The following day, June 2, the battalion joined C Bat-
-. tery near MAILAG. Crossing the PULANGI River was ac-
:* complished by towing necessary wheeled vehicles across
with tractors.
By June 19 all of the battalion had returned to the
vicinity of MALAYBALAY and were busily engaged in
the construction of a camp. On June.20 Battery A left for
.. BUGO to join the 1st Battalion 155th Infantry on an opera-
Stion up the AGUSAN RIVER valley. Arriving at BUGO
after a very difficult trip over muddy roads it embarked
on LCM's on June 24 and arrived at BUTUAN the follow-
ing morning. On June 26 the LCM's proceeded up the
AGUSAN River, spent the night at TALACOGON and
unloaded at SAGUNTO on June 28. The battery con-
tinued to support the infantry in extensive patrol ac-
tivities in this area until September and then rejoined the
battalion. During the MINDANAO campaign a total of
3521 rounds were expended. Four Officers and 21 enlisted
men were wounded.
.J Late in July the battalion moved to the vicinity of
DEL MONTE airstrip to act as school troops for "X Corps
Combined Arms School" being organized there and re-
mained at this location for the duration of its stay on
MINDANAO. Major Joel C. Garrard took command of
the battalion on August 11 when Lieutenant Colonel
Paul returned to the States on points.
On November 30 the battalion left MINDANAO aboard
the transport BARNETT arriving in San Francisco on
.r- PDecember 18. Troops remained aboard ship until Decem-
,. ber 19 when they moved to Camp Stoneman, California
to await transportation to their respective separation
S' centers. The Battalion was inactivated as of December


S.g From top to bottom: 116th Camp area (lower right) at
..-- .Dobodura. Artillery cat driver at Sagunto. "Howitzer,"
mascot, served entire period overseas and returned for in-
S activation with troops in December. PFC Philip L. Silver,
Sgt. John D. Riekerson, 2nd Lt. Norwood F. Boop opening
BR.. ?10 in one rations on Sagunto.












1 4 9 T H FIELD R TILLER
Coat of -Anrm





























di



















W. EUGENE JONES MILTON E. HULL
Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel
Commanded Battalion from February 26, 1942 to November Commanded Battalion from December 21, 1944 until in-
30, 1944. S-3, Division Artillery, until February 1945. activation of Battalion December 21, 1945.

GEORGE E. BAYA JOSEPH J. HILL
Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel
Commanded 2nd Battalion 116th Field Artillery from Commanded Battalion from December 1, 1944 to
induction to February 25, 1942. December 20, 1944.
147












HISTORY OF 149TH FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALIOn


The 149th Field Artillery Battalion stems from two in-addition to deck loaded vehicles. Sleeping, feeding and
sources and has reason to be proud of both. It was or- sanitary facilities were quite a problem, but the men en-
ganized and Federally recognized originally as the 2nd dured the hardships cheerfully and the ships dropped
Battalion of the 116th Field Artillery on August 23, 1923. anchor at AITAPE, DUTCH NEW GUINEA on the night
When inducted into Federal service on November 25, 1940 of July 4, 1945. The remainder of the Battalion loaded
under command of Lieutenant Colonel George E. Baya it on LCI's at CAPE SUDEST, ORO BAY on July 3 and ar-
had Batteries at the following home stations in Florida. rived at AITAPE on July 6.
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Bartow; Bat- Elements of the Japanese 18th Army composed of the
tery D, Lakeland; Battery E, Plant City; and Battery F 20th, 41st and 51st Divisions had been threatening the
at Winter Haven. Batteries remained in training at their AITAPE area for some time. The bulk of the US 32nd
home stations until December 19th when the 31st Di- Infantry Division reinforced by the 112 Cavalry were
vision took up its station at Camp Blanding, Florida. holding at the DRINIUMOR RIVER about 12 miles east
The battalion participated as part of the 116th Field of the main installations, while service troops were meaning
Artillery regiment until the Division was reorganized as the inner perimeter. From captured documents and state-
a triangular division at Camp Bowie, Texas. ments of prisoners it was anticipated the Japs would
On February 26, 1942 the battalion was honored with attack with a large force between July 1-10, but at the
the name of the 149th Field Artillery which had served time of arrival of the combat team this attack had not
with honor and distinction in France in World War I. developed.
Redesignated as the 149th Field Artillery Battalion un- Originally it was planned the 124th Infantry with the
der command of Lieutenant Colonel W. Eugene Jones it 149th FA attached would make an amphibious landing
remained as an organic part of the Division. using LCT's and LCM's for transport, at NYAPARAKE on
Training continued as outlined in the section devoted the coast to seize and expand a beachhead east of the
to 31st Infantry Division Artillery throughout 1942 and DRINIUMOR RIVER and make contact with a force from
1943. the 32nd Division which was to push across the river to
MOVEMENT OVERSEAS the east. This landing was to take place on July 13 and
At 0630, January 29, 1944 the battalion departed from was to be supported with naval and air forces. .However
Camp Pickett, Virginia and arrived in Camp Patrick Henry on the night of July 10 the Japs attacked with consider-
in the afternoon. On February 9 after 10 days of final able force at the DRINIUMOR RIVER and succeeded in
preparation for overseas movement it moved by train to penetrating the center of the line. This break through
the Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation. On the morning caused a complete change of plans. On the morning of
of departure the ground was heavily covered with snow, the 12th the 124th Infantry was ordered to forward as-
slush and mud, and a cold rain was falling intermittently. sembly area just short of ANAMO to attack on the 13th
At Norfolk the troops debarked from the train and trans- and restore the river line.
ferred to the Ferry MOHAWK for the crossing of Nor- The 149th FA attached to the 32nd Infantry Division
folk Bay. As each man boarded the S S CAPE HEN- Artillery and in direct support of the 124th Infantry be-
LOPEN,' he removed and turned in his overcoat. gan its movement at noon of the 12th and by 1600 all except
The HENLOPEN sailed on the morning of February 10, A Battery had arrived in position on a narrow sand split
1944 in convoy with other ships of the Division and ar- about 100 yards wide just west of the mouth of AKANAI
rived at CRISTOBAL, Canal Zone February 16. Troops CREEK. Light vehicles were able to cross the bridge
debarked for exercise on the pier. Arrangements were over the NIGIA river and proceed east on the beach to
made to have ice cream delivered to the pier, which proved the position area but the howitzers and tractors had to
to be the last for many months to come. be ferried by LCT.
The passage through the Canal by daylight on the 17th Large bodies of Japs were known to be just south of
was thoroughly enjoyed by all aboard. At 1600 on Febru- the position area with no infantry in between. With only
ary 18 the Canal was left behind and the long trip across three hours of daylight remaining, feverish haste was
the Pacific was begun. No land was sighted during the made in digging in the howitzers, constructing pill boxes
entire trip and March 15 the HENLOPEN reached MILNE and fox holes and preparing the battalion's first perimeter
BAY where she anchored to await orders. Anchor was. in contact with the enemy.
weighed at 1600 on March 16 and next dropped at ORO The first round of artillery fired in actual combat by
BAY, BRITISH, NEW GUINEA at 0740, March 17, 1944. the battalion and also by any artillery unit of the 31st
Unloading of troops and cargo was begun immediately Division was fired at 0752 on July 13, 1944, by the Second
and camp was established in the vicinity of DOBODURA. Section of B Battery. The lanyard was pulled by Sergeant
Acclimation to the tropics was started. Many hours of David Ballard, the oldest enlisted man, from point of serv-
instruction in living in the jungle, malaria control, jungle ice in B Battery.
diseases and relations with the natives were given. Trips Prior to the jump-off of the 124th Infantry the battalion
were made to the Battlefield and Cemetery at BUNA fired a 20 minute preparation of approximately 500 rounds.
and at GONA, and construction and improvement of the Approximately 1300 rounds were expended during the
camp was continued, day. Continuous support in front of the infantry was
AITAPE highly instrumental in their rapid advance and the
On June 23, 1945 the battalion was alerted for move- DRINIUMOR RIVER line was restored late in the after-
ment to a combat area as a part of the 124th Regimental noon of the 13th. Forward observer parties and Liaison
Combat Team. About half of the battalion with all of officer parties accompanied the infantry at all time and
the equipment loaded aboard the Liberty Ships S S adjusted fire in conjunction with air observers. In the af-
GOODHUE and S S BARNES on June 29. The ships were ternoon of the 13th a battalion wire laying party was
greatly overcrowded carrying approximately 1200 troops fired on by enemy mortars between the infantry lines and

148













the battalion position. One wireman was wounded by
shrapnel. Protective barrages were fired, close to the in-
fantry, for their protection in case of night attack and this
became standard procedure for the next four weeks.
On Friday, July 14 the battalion received a citation for
the Operation of July 13, 1944. It was from the Command-
ing General of the PERSECUTION COVERING FORCE
and is quoted here:
"Congratulate your entire force upon their success of
July 13. The enemy still requires complete liquidation.
Your demonstrated resolute spirit and determination give
me greatest confidence in your ability." The Commanding
General of the Force Artillery also added the following:
"By your accuracy, skill and courage you have proved
your mettle, and I am proud to have the privilege of con-
veying to your officers and men the Force Commander's
message".
For the next period extending from July 15-30, days and
nights were very similar. The infantry continued to im-
prove their lines along the DRINIUMOR until large bunk-
ers were finally constructed. The 149th displaced about -.*
500 yards west along the beach when high tides threatened ----" a O"- "
to wash away the sand spit and the position area and t
perimeter was continually improved. The threat of Jap
infiltration into the artillery position was always present
and infiltration into the infantry positions was the rule
rather than the exception. The period was characterized wt
by continuous and aggressive patrolling by all elements.
Frequent calls came in for artillery support both day
and night. On one occasion the Japs attacked the river line
in a column of fours, but were halted with considerable
loss by timely artillery fire. Many remunerative targets
were fired by all forward observers and Liaison Officers. Gun crew in action at Aitape
C Battery Forward Observer, on one occasion located a
group of Japs dug-in to the rear of his infantry and ad-
justed and fired a heavy concentration on them, which fantry's advance to NIUMEN Creek, but on August 2 the
resulted in the neutralization and subsequent capture of battalion fired heavy concentrations on enemy positions
a Jap 70mm gun. Artillery observers of the battalion as a "softening-up" for the attack south the next day.
were particularly active in patrolling with the infantry. The night of August 2-3 proved to be the most event-
Captured documents indicated that elements of the ful in the history of the battalion's mission at AITAPE.
Japanese 237th and 239th Infantry Regiments were in the Just after midnight a small force of Japs infiltrated into
area east of the DRINIUMOR RIVER in the vicinity of the battalion position area from the jungle on the south
NIUMEN CREEK. On July 31 the 124th Infantry rein- under covet of intermittent rin and the noise of firing
forced with the 2nd Battalion 169th Infantry and with by the battalion. They divided into about four groups of
the 149th FA in direct support began an operation which two or three each and headed for each of the batteries. One
upon completion was described by General McArthur as group managed to crawl into A Battery area and set
"a feat unparalleled in the history of jungle warfare." off two demolition charges in the battery ammunition
The route of advance was east to NIUMEN CREEK, south dump. A number of men were sleeping in the vicinity,
along the creek to its headwaters and thence southwest two enlisted men were killed instantly and several others
and west back to the DRINIUMOR in the vicinity of wounded. One officer was wounded when they tossed a
AFUA: mission to envelop the enemy, cut off his supply hand grenade on their way out of the area. Very fortu-
lines and close him in a pincer between this force and nately the demolitions did not detonate the ammunition
those holding at the river. Forward observer and liaison although some of it was blown many yards. At about
officer parties from the battalion were attached to all in- 0300 another attempt was made to enter the area and
fantry battalions. Such a movement meant being cut one Jap was killed within a few yards of a B Battery
off from all supplies other than by air drop, no communi- howitzer which he was endeavoring to reach to set off
cation other than relay through artillery nets, no evacua- another demolition charge. Another Jap was thought to
tion for days, plus the usual hardships of sleepless nights, be wounded as blood and several demolition charges were
cold wet clothing and the ceaseless resistance of the found nearby the next morning. At 0500 another Jap
jungle; all of .this not to mention the constant resistance was seen escaping from the area. A small patrol was sent
of the Jap, who apparently was in his natural habitat in out south the next morning. This patrol saw two Japs,
the jungle. killed one of them and the other escaped. Two packs were
On August 1 the 149th moved to new positions on the found which contained rice, personal equipment and demo-
100 yard wide beach in the vicinity of CHAKILA about lition charges. In the afternoon an infantry patrol killed
1000 yards west of the mouth of the DRINIUMOR. Every another Jap and located other equipment.
available man was required in clearing away the thick The infantry continued to push south against stiff
jungle on the south for fields of fire for machine guns and fanatical resistance at times, while the battalion fur-
and small arms and to lower the mask for firing to the nished accurate and effective artillery support whenever
south. needed. Defensive fires and harrassing missions were fired
Very little artillery support was required for the in- during the night. The battalion's two "Cub" observation

149









planes flew daily from dawn to after dusk; conducting MOROTAI ISLAND
fire missions; locating and guiding the infantry; dropping On September 3, 1944, Headquarters and Headquarters
urgently needed blood plasma, radio batteries, shoes and Battery and B Battery, loaded on LST No. 470; A Bat-
other small supplies; maintaining radio contact; and tery on LST No. 459; C Battery on LST No. 474 for a
guiding C-47 cargo planes to dropping grounds with ra- dry run of the coming assault on MOROTAI ISLAND. The
tions and other critically needed supplies. By August 8 trial landing was held next day and troops returned to
all of the infantry battalions were moving west toward 'bivouac. On September 9 troops reloaded and the convoy
AFUA to complete the closure and a heavy toll had been sailed for MOROTAI.
taken of the Japs as they were pinched between the two On D-Day, September 15, the battalion landed on White
forces. Many Jap prisoners expressed awe at the amount Beach in direct support of the 124th Infantry, whose mis-
and accuracy of the artillery fire they constantly re- sion was to seize initial beach head and then advance to
ceived, and one Jap officer was said to have asked to seize D-Day objectives. At 1045 the Battalion Commander
see the automatic artillery. with the battalion reconnaissance party debarked from
On August 10 all of the 124th Infantry had returned LST No. 470 in an L.V.T. The landing of the remainder
On August 10 ae of the_24th Iantry had returned c
ion Augt of the battalion was delayed when it was found due to
to the west side of the DRINIUMOR and artillery tractors coa re at he selected point LSTs could not get close
were sent to AFUA to bring out their heavy equipment craees the d n d not get close
The 152nd FA of the 43rd Infantry Division relieved the enough to shore. A second attempt further south on the
149th and the battalion moved to a bivouac at TADJI peninsular was successful and the battalion started de-
TATI fr rest and prepare for the next oera- barking at 1130. By 1500 the Battalion was in position on
PLANTATIthe west side of the peninsular and a defensive perimeter
tion. was under construction. Opposition was negligible and the
Casualties of the battalion for the AITAPE campaign infantry reached its objective at 1500. A protective bar-
were two enlisted men killed in action and 12 enlisted rage was fired in front of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions as
men and three officers wounded. Three of the enlisted men soon as they began digging in for the night.
died of their wounds. Close to 10,000 rounds of artillery No artillery support was required by the infantry and
were fired during the campaign. Many commendations after one intervening change of position the battalion
were received but the highest praise and the one the bat- occupied its final position September 19 in a cocoanut grove
talion appreciated most, were statements of the doughboys on the beach in the vicinity of GOTALALAMO VILLAGE.
who said "the artillery had given them every possible On September 30 the remainder of Service Battery which
measure of support and as far as they were concerned had been the rear echelon at AITAPE, rejoined the bat-
the 149th FA was the finest artillery in the U. S. Army." talion.
Construction and improvement of the camp, maintenance
of equipment, furnishing labor details for the operation of
Below: Native women and children, Morotai the base and fatigue duties, occupied most of the long
Bottom: The 149th camp area, Morotai stay on the Island. The infantry occupied a defensive perim-
eter protecting the large air force installations and the
battalion remained in direct support. of the 124th Infan-
try. Some protective barrages were fired but no supporting
fires were required.





The mission of the Combat Team was to capture or destroy
'all enemy forces occupying the MAPI ISLAND GROUP,
S. NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES, lying half way between
BIAK and MORATAI. D-Day was November 15, 1944.
Battery A, together with Liaison Party No. 1 from Head-

.- r quarters Battery and an ammunition Section from Service
Battery received the assignment. The major portion of
the personnel and equipment was loaded aboard LSM
148 and LSM 158 cn November 12. Each howitzer and all
*^^ fH' -' gun section equipment was loaded on a DUKW and
these in turn were loaded on the LSM's.
The convoy sailed from MOROTAI on November 13 and
arrived without incident off PEGUN ISLAND before
dawn on the 15th. H-hour was set at 0630. Following naval
gunfire by Destroyers and a rocket barrage by LCI Gun-
boats, the Combat Team landed without opposition at
PEGUN Village near the southern tip of the island. The
artillery howitzers were brought ashore on the DUKWS,
unloaded and placed in position near the village by 0820.
As the infantry met no resistance on PEGUN ISLAND
(the 13 Japs found there had committed suicide prior to
contact) the Battery displaced the DUKW to its extreme
northern tip. Concentrations were fired on the nearby
BRAS Island during the night and infantry elements
.landed on the southern tip of the island on the morning











of the 16th following an artillery preparation from 0745 to on both sides of the force. Several enemy attacks were
0835. Only slight resistance was encountered, launched but all were stopped by artillery and infantry
On the morning of the 17th, a series of concentrations fire. The Japs withdrew just before dawn. After an artillery
Were fired in front of the infantry advancing by bounds preparation at day break the infantry passed through the
up the east side of BRAS Island, and the forward observer enemy position without further resistance.
later called for fire on the northern tip of the island prior The 3rd Battalion 124th Infantry passed through the 2nd
to the final assault there. Intermittent fires were also placed Battalion on the 28th and B Battery later joined by C Bat-
on FANILDO Island throughout the day. Approximately tery fired intermittently during the day supporting its ad-
2400 rounds had been fired up to this point. vance. Although the infantry advanced rapidly they were
At 0645, November 18, fire was requested on approxi- unable to secure the two bridges before they were de-
mately 100 Japs dug in on the west coast of BRAS Island. stroyed. On April 29 the battalion moved forward to po-
The battery fired on this target until 0740. Fire was lifted sitions approximately 12 miles north of KABACAN and
and the infantry took this last enemy position without continued support of the 3rd Battalion through the 30th.
further resistance; all of the Japs were killed or com- Principal targets, observed and adjusted by Liaison plane
mitted suicide. pilot observers were Jap emplacements and small groups
At 1245 on the 18th a preparation was delivered on in the vicinity of the many small bridges along the high-
FANILDO Island prior to landing of infantry elements, way.
The small island was searched but no enemy was found. Forward elements of the infantry were now out of ar-
As this was the last remaining island of the MAPIA tillery range and crossing the gorge previously spanned by
GROUP the battery loaded on LSM 148 and LSM 314 on one of the destroyed bridges required a major engineering
the 20th and arrived again at MOROTAI on November 22, operation. Forward displacement was impossible. Company
1944. There were no serious casualties among the artillery A, 106th Engineers had succeeded in constructing a cable
personnel 2985 rounds were fired by the Battery in the
operation.
On November 30 Lieutenant Colonel W. Eugene Jones
was assigned S-3 of the Division Artillery Staff and Major Below Overlooking the camp area, Morotal
Joseph J. Hill took command of the battalion. On December Bottom: The 149th picture show
20 Major Hill was transferred to the 114th FA and Major
Milton E. Hull took command. He was later promoted to
Lieutenant Colonel and remained in command until inac-
tivation of the Battalion.
Late in February 1945 an extended period of refresher
training was undertaken with special emphasis on physical
conditioning and a review of open warfare methods in
preparation for operations in the Philippines.

.MINDANAO
The Division Field Order for the MINDANAO (V-5) Op-
eration attached the 149th FA to the 124th Regimental .
Combat Team. Loading of equipment and vehicles began .
April 17-18 1945; Battery B and Liaison Section No. 2 on
LST 649; and the remainder of the battalion on LST 589.
The convoy left MOROTAI ISLAND on April 19. After
an uneventful trip the battalion unloaded and closed in to
an assembly area near the beach at PARANG, MINDANAO,
on April 22. The following day it moved to the north bank
of the MINDANAO RIVER, vicinity of COTABATO.
The 24th Infantry Division had previously secured the
PARANG-COTABATO area and was now proceeding east -7 '.
on Highway 1 toward KABACAN.and DAVAO. The 124th ,-
Regimental Combat Team was ordered to proceed by road --
and river to KABACAN and thence north on the SAYRE
Highway (No. 3) to KIBAW'E.
The battalion's wheeled vehicles moved by road (High-
ways 5 and 1), while the tractors and howitzers moved up
the MINDANAO and PULANGI Rivers aboard LCM's.
Leading elements reached the ferry crossing on the PU-
LANGI north of KABACAN on April 27.
The 2nd Battalion 124th Infantry followed by B Battery
149th began a night march up the highway to secure two
large bridges spanning deep ravines about 25,000 yards
to the n6rth. At approximately 0200 on the 28th small
arms tracer fire was observed several thousand yards to
the north and the Battery occupied firing positions. The
infantry had encountered an estimated battalion of Japs
dug in astride the highway and needed artillery support.
Radio contact was established with the Artillery Liaison
Officer accompanying the infantry and protective concen-
trations were adjusted in the dark by sound in front and

151









































Camp area on Morotai

crossing over the chasm but it would handle only %-ton the town. Battery A was in position at the LINABO cross-
vehicles and was used to cross light infantry vehicles, roads supporting the 1st Battalion 124th Infantry in its
Liaison and forward observer party vehicles were put advance on the town of MAGLAMIN, and later moved to
across with infantry vehicles. MANIGOK.
On May 1 the 149th FA battalion succeeded in construct- On May 23 the battalion was placed in direct support of
ing a cable crossing capable of handling 105mm Howitzers the 3rd Battalion 124th Infantry for its advance east from
and %-ton vehicles, and by 1800 had put four Howitzers, MALAYBALAY to SILAE. May 27 displacement to the
one ,-ton truck, 11 /4-ton trucks and nine %-ton trailers east was necessary in order to bring SILAE within artillery
across. During the night the 4.2 Chemical Mortar Company range. Aitrail skirted the foothills of the mountains and
was put across. At 0600 in the morning the cable broke, lead through a pass into SILAE valley but even tractors
dropping one 3-ton truck into the gorge. It was soon re- had great difficulty in traversing the route. Heavy rains
constructed and until May 3 was the only means of get- hampered the advance but after several days of almost
ting many critically needed supplies and vehicles forward superhuman effort the howitzers of B Battery were ad-
to the rapidly advancing infantry, in addition to evacuat- vanced far enough to keep within supporting range of the
ing casualties to the rear. A total of 172 vehicles were put infantry. Ammunition had to be carried by hand and food
across by the battalion, was dropped by planes. By utilizing the bed of a mountain
Other destroyed bridges including a large one across the stream which traversed the valley B Battery was advanced
MULITA River prevented the artillery from going for- far enough forward on June 1 to bring SILAE within
ward. The Engineers worked night and day but it was May range. The battery continued to fire in support of the in-
9 before sufficient construction had been completed and fantry until it reached SILAE and was withdrawn on
the battalion was allowed to move. Despite the efforts of June 21. Five days of ceaseless work were required to get
the engineers the road was in terrible condition. The bat- the equipment back out but only one ammunition trailer
talion's heavy loads required almost continuous use of was abandoned. By May 22 all elements had been relieved
winches. By-passes had been cleared around the many of their tactical mission and the battalion began the con-
burned and blown up small bridges but additional pioneer- struction of a Camp area with the remainder of the Division
ing had to be done practically all the way. Finally at mid- Artillery several miles south of MALABAY. On September
night May 11 the Battalion occupied positions in the vicin- 25 a new camp was established in the vicinity of DEL
ity of KITAOTAO. MONTE airstrip in the old Del Monte Pineapple plantation
At 0730, May 12 (the 8th day of the battle of COLGAN area where the return to the United States was anxiously
WOODS) the battalion resumed direct support of the 124th awaited. During the MINDANAO Campaign 4398 rounds
Infantry. A total of 721 rounds were placed on Jap posi- were expended. There were no casualties.
tions in the woods, dive bombers dropped an additional 50 The battalion left MINDANAO on the Transport U. S. S.
tons of bombs and the infantry launched a final attack, GENERAL OMAR BUNDY, arriving at the Golden Gate
taking the woods without further opposition, on December 19. San Francisco was overflowing with re-
The 155th Infantry now passed through the 124th to turning troops and personnel remained aboard ship until
continue the advance north and the 149th FA went into December 23 after which they were transported to Camp
general support. Only light and scattered resistance was Stoneman, California, to await transportation to their re-
encountered. By May 22 MALAYBALAY had been secured spective separation centers. The battalion was inactivated
and the battalion, less Battery A, occupied positions near as of midnight December 21.


152













AWARDS RECEIVED BV mEmBERS OF THE DIUISIOn


In WORLD WAR II

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
Presidential Order, January 2, 1918. Confirmed by Congress, July 9, 1918.
President was authorized to present, but not in name of Congress, this decora-
tion to any person serving in the Army after April 6, 1917, who shall distin-
guish "himself or herself by extraordinary heroism against an armed enemy."










CLARENCE A. MARTIN. MaJ. Gen.. USA THOMAS A. COLGAN, (P) Capt., (Chap-
Columbia. S. C. lain) CHC Chicago, Ill.
GEORGE D. WILLIAMS, Lt. Col., Inf.. RALPH J. BJORKLAND, (P) 1st Lt., Int.,
Birmingham, Ala. Bramard, Minn.



DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL
By Presidential Order January 2, 1918, confirmed by Congress July 9, 1918,
the President was authorized to present, but not in the name of Congress, this
medal to any person serving in the Army after April 6, 1917, who distinguishes
himself or herself by "exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in
a duty of great responsibility."

JOHN C. PERSONS, Maj. Gen., USA SUMTER L. LOWRY, JR., Brig. Gen.. USA
Birmingham, Ala. Tampa, Fla.




LEGION OF MERIT
Legion of Merit created by Congress July 20, 1942. Degrees of Chief Com-
mander, Officer, and Legionnaire: for award to personnel of armed forces of
friendly foreign nations, and personnel of armed forces of.United States and
of the Philippines.










CLARENCE A. MARTIN. Maj. Gen., USA ROBERT M. FOWLER. Lt. Col., Inf Bir-
Columbia, S. C. min"ham, Ala.'
LEROY S. GRAHAM. Col., Inf Alpine, JOSEPH J. HILL, Lt. Col., Bartow, Fla.
MARK W. LANCE, Lt. Col., GSC Talla-
Tex. hasse. Fla.
WALTER J. HANNA. Col., Inf Birming- LEON L. MATHEWS, Lt. Col.. Inf.. Bir-
ham. Ala. mingham, Ala.
EDWARD M. STARR. Col., Inl Washing- VIRGIL S. ATKINS; Lt. Col., Inf., Clarks-
ton, D. C. dale. Miss.



DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER (British)
CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj. Gen., USA
Columbia, S. C.
iank shown is that held on date of original award.

177














SILVER STAR MEDAL














In 1932 the Army Silver Citation Star was placed on a bronze pendant and
a ribbon of its own was designed, instead of being placed on a campaign medal
ribbon. Silver Star Medal, by Act of Congress December 15, 1942, is awarded
for "each citation of any person for gallantry in action while serving in any
capacity with the Army... not warranting the award of a medal of honor or
distinguished service cross."
Silver Star Medal was made Navy decoration August 7, 1942, by Act of
Congress.

*CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj. Gen.. PAUL O. BURGESS, 1st Lt., Int Essington, (P) CLIFFORD C. VANARTSDALEN,
USA Columbia, S. C. Pa. Tech Sgt.. Int. Mt. Olive, Miss.
THOMAS F. HICKEY, Brig. Gen., USA WILSON GORDON, 1st Lt.. Inf Floral. GEORGE J. WOLUSKY, Tech. Sgt., Int.'
Washington, D. C. Ala. South Boston, Mass.
JOSEPH C. HUTCHINSON, Brig. Gen., JAMES B. HOLLOWAY. Jr.. 1st Lt., FA FRED A. BAKER, S. Sgt.. Int, Brookhaven,
USA Sanford. Fla. Houston. Tex. Miss.
LEROY S. GRAHAM. Col., Inf Alpine, (P)HARRY JACOBS, 1st Lt, Inf Branford, ANTHONY W. BORGOMATO, S. Sgt., Int.
Tex Conn. Boston, Mass.
WALTER J. HANNA. Col., Inf Birming- FRANCIS JETER, 1st Lt., FA Dallas, (P)HUGH L. COLLINS. S. Sgt., Inft Ope-
ham, Ala. Tex. lika, Ala.
EDWARD M. STARR, Col., Inf Washing- (P)JOHN G. KASTANAS. 1st Lt., Inf ROBERT P. CROWDER, Jr.. S. Sgt., Inf.
ton, D. C. EDWARD N. KRAUSE 1st Lt. FA Berlin, Savannah, Ga.
WILBUR E. KOONCE. Lt. Col.. Int Jack- Wis. TOM DOBBS. S. Sgt.. Inf, Grant. Ala.
son. Miss. JERROLD R. MILLS. 1st Lt., FA Water- CLIFTON DODSON, S. Sgt.. MD. Plain
MANUEL A. BERGENS. Maj., MC New ville, Kans. Dealing. La.
Springfield. N. Y. JOHN O. NEIKIRK, 1st Lt.. FA New York. JAMES H. EDWARDS, S. Sgt., MD, Hol-
'STEPHEN S. BROWN, Maj., FA Clarks- N. Y. landale. Miss.
ville. Pa. VINCENT C. OLSON, 1st Lt., Inf Boyce- (P)ROBERT L. EVANS. S. Sgt.. MD, San-
THOMAS M. DEAS, Maj., MC New Or- ville, Wis. ford. Fla.
leans, La. RAYMOND C. OWENS, Ist Lt., FA Louis- CLIFFORD A. GONYEA. S. Sgt., Cav,
RICHARD D. WELCH, Maj., Inf Laurel, ville. Ky. Springfield, Mass.
Miss. ALBERT F. PARKER, 1st Lt.. FA Hatties- (P)HOWARD D. GOOLBSBY, S. Sgt., Inf.
OTHO T. WINSTEAD, Maj., Inf Lynch- burg. Miss. Larkenville. Ala.
burg, Va. ROBERT T. PIGG. Jr.. 1st Lt., FA Green- LUCIAN E. HELTON, S. Sgt., Inf, luka,
NORMAN S. BEEBE, Capt.. MC Coltax, wood. Miss. Miss.
Ill. JOSEPH T. SHERIN, 1st Lt., Int Belle- HAROLD H. HINTERLITER. S. Sgt.. Inf.
(P) GEORGE L. CELLES. Jr., Capt.. Inf rose, N. Y. Long Island. N. Y.
Washington. Miss. HARLIN L. WAGNER 1st Lt., Inf West CURTIS W. JOHNSON. S. Sgt., Inf, Sec-
FREDERICH M. FOWKES. Capt., FA Chi- Desota. Mo. tion, Ala.
cago, Ill. ALFRED A. WIENER, 1st Lt., FA Los WILLIAM P. KING, S. Sgt., Inf, Gunters-
WILLIAM H. FREELAND, Capt., FA Nor- Angeles, Calif. ville. Ala.
man, Okla. FRANK J. ZIRBLIS, 1st Lt.. FA Trenton. TURNER D. LEGGETT. S. Sgt.. Reinzie.
ALLEN G. GIFFORD. Capt.. MC Schaght- Tex. Miss.
icoke. N. Y. WILLIAM E. ASHLEY, 2nd Lt., Inf Gads- (P)JACK E. MARTIN, S. Sgt.. Int, Lib-
AUBREY C. GRIFFIN Capt.. Int Jackson, den. Ala. erty. Ala.
Miss. LINDSEY M. BISHOP 2nd Lt.. FA Atlanta. THEODORE D. MARTIN, S. Sgt., Int.
STANLEY GROSSMAN. Capt.. Inft Forest Ga. W.lkttL N. Y.
Hill. L. I.. N.Y. (P)SCOTT R. BLANTON. 2nd Lt., Inf (P)FRANK McLEMORE. S. Sgt.. Inf, Sul-
HAROLD L. HANSEN. Capt., Inf Pitts- Alburquerque. N. Mex. ligent, Ala.
burg. Kans. RICHARD F. DUNLAP. 2nd Lt.. Roanoke, WILLIAM L. PATRICK, S. Sgt.. Inf."
CHARLES A. KNOBLAUCH. Capt., W Va. Orlando, Fla.
Bay CityK Mich. GEORGE R. MACNAMARA, Jr., 2nd Lt.. COY W. SCOTT. S. Sgt., Inf. Ponce De
HOWELL S. KOPP, Capt., FA Pensacola, Inf Orlando. Fla. Leon. Fla.
J la. CARL N. STROHSCHEIN, 2nd Lt.. MAC THOMAS H. SEALE, S. Sgt.. Inf. Tus-
J. W. KUYKENDALL Capt.. In Duncan, Gibsland. La. caloosa. Ala.
Okla. WALLACE P. TAYLOR, 2nd Lt., In ROY J. SLIKER. S. Sgt.. Inf. Branchville.
WILLIAM A. LOCY, Capt., Inft Longview. Aberdeen. Miss. N. 3.
Tex. LESTER B. WHITAKER. 2nd Lt., Red- ODIS H. TAYLOR. S. Sgt., Inf, Oxford,
JAMES H. MASSINGILL, Jr.. Capt.. Inf wood. Miss. Miss.
Tuscaloosa. Ala. JESSE C. BROWN, 1st Sgt., Int Odessa. WALTER C. WADE S. Sgt., Inft Oxford,
WILLIAM V. O'CONNOR, Capt.. (Chap- Mo. Ala.
Slain) CHC Seymor, Conn. BLAISE D. MALAGARIE, Ist Sgt., Cav.. WALTER L. WALLACE, S. Sgt., Int,
MARION D. ODELL, Capt.. Inf Atlantic Broussard. La. Crossville, Ala.
Beach. Fla. (P) WOODROW L. CRUMBLE, Tech. (P)JAMES B. WOODALL, S. Sgt., Inf.
AIDAN R. POTTER. Capt., (Chaplain) Sgt.. Wt Laurel, Miss. Summit, Miss.
CHC St. Louis. Mo. WILLIAM 0. GRAY, Tech. Sgt., Int, Col- ARTHUR J. BARRY, T/3, MD, Gardener,
JAMES E. ROBSON. Capt.. Inf South linsville. Ala. N. Y,
Bend, Wash.
EDI nd L. S CY, Capt.. In Napa PAUL C. HOOD, Tech. Sgt., Inf, Collins- (P)RAY T. ATKINSON, Sgt., Inf, Can-
EDWIN L. SACY Capt., Napa. ville. Ala. ton, Ohio
Calif.
JESSE L. WALKER. Capt., MC Cuthbert, (P) WILLIAM S. LEDBETTER. Tech. Sgt, COLUMBUS H. BOWERS, Sgt., Inf, Hart-
Ga. Int. Benton, Miss. well. Ga.
WILLIAM G. BLACK, 1st Lt., Int Green- ELTON P. LIZANA, Tech. Sgt., Inf. Gulf- CLARENCE CONOLLEY, Sgt., Inf, Oxford,
ville, Ill. port, Miss. Ala.
GAUDEN W. BOHME, 1st Lt., Inf Indian- JACK METCALF, Tech. Sgt.. Inf. San ROBERT H. LAVIGNE, Sgt., Int, Clare-
apolis, Ind. Antonio, Tex. mont, N. H.
(P) Indicates Posthumous award. 'Indicates Bronze Oak leaf cluster to
original award.

178















CLARENCE W. CURB, Sgt., Cav, Greens- (P)PETE J. BACA, Pie., Inf, Decoto, WILLIAM M. RATHER, Pie., MD.
boro, Ala. Calif. Dumas, Miss.
(P)ELBERT L. HEMPHILL, Sgt., Inf, Jack- PHILIP A. BELL. Pfc., Inf. Magee, Miss. ALBERT F. PROVENZANO. Pc., Inf.
son, Miss. TONY F. BERRA, Pfc., Inf, Butler, Pa. New York, N. Y.
(P)ROBERT E. HIMLER, Sgt.. In., Derry, FREAS W. BRITTINGHAM. Pic., MD, In- (P)EUGENE E. RHODES, Pfe., Inf,
Pa. dependence, Mo. Barron, Wis.
STANLEY S. LABENSKEY, Sgt., Cav, (P)CHARLES G. BRYANT, Pc., In. St. RAYMOND L ROACH. Pe., MD, Noxa-
Lathrob, Pa. Paul, Minn. peter. Miss.
WELBURNE E. LUNDEEN, Sgt., Int (P)JOE CATES, Pif., Int Lodi, Tex. (P)ESTON ROSA, Pfe.. MD. Cottonport,
Huron, S. D. CLIFFORD A. CLEMENTE. Pfc., Inf, New (P)ROBERT SCHMD, Pc MD Chicago,
STEARL SPARKS, Sgt., Inft Malta, Ohio Haven. Conn. BERT SCHM P., MD. Chicago.
HERBERT A. THURSTON, Sgt., MD, San- JOSE M. De La GRUS, Pec., Int. Cuerdo, JOHN G. STUPAR. Pfe., Inf, Etna, Pa.
ford. Fla. Tex.
ALBERT H. MAYS. T/4, MD, Hempstead, (P)JOHN B. DENNISON, MD, Staunton. (P)HGH B. S EIELD, Pic.. MD.
N. Y. Va. Erwin, W. Va.
(P)MATHEW McMAHON. Jr.. T/4, MD. A- WILLIAM T. DONALDSON. Pc., Inf. (P)JOHN S. TAYLOR Pie., MD. Brook-
bany, N. Y. Bellman. N. J. Pa.
DELANO G. NEAL. T/4, FA, Hamlet. GEORGE W. DUNKIN, Pie., In., Windy- (P)TOM M. TAYLOR, Pie., Int. Okl-
N. C. ville, Mo. homa City. Okla.
(P)LEONARD L. HAWKINS. Cpl.. MD. (P)GERALD B. EARHART. Pic, Inf; De- (P)DANIEL T. THOMAS, Pfe., Intf Leba-
Cleveland, Miss. troit, Mich. non, Va.
WARNER H. HYDER. Cpl., Int, McNinn- (P)ALFRED G. EINSPAHR. Inf, Ains- WILIA nd. THOMAS, Pfe., Inf, Cum-
ville. Ore. worth, Nebr.
EDWARD J. PARKER, Cpl., Inf, Jervis. ERNEST L. FRAZIER. Pc., MD, Pattons- YEE TOY, Pie., Int, Bronx, N. .r
N. Y. burg, Mo. LELAND J. TUCKER, Pfc., Inf, Green
HENRY E. SPIERING, Cpl., FA, Dan- CARL W. JUCHS, Pfc., MP, Dayton, Ky. Cove Springs. Fla.
ville. Ill. HAROLD W. GLORE, Pie.. Inf. Hurricane. (P)DONALD E. WALKER. Pfc.. Inf,
*ALLISON R. YATES, Cpl.. MD, Cary- Utah Springfield. Ohio
ville, Fla. MHERSEL S. GUNTER Pe. In, Bremen, (P)LEO C. WALLACE, Pie., Inf, Autauga-
HERSHEL S. GUNTER. Pfc. Inf, Bremen. Ville, Ala.
SAMUEL R. BRANSTOM, T/5, FA, Bay, Ala. EUNA J. WEBSTER, Pfc., Inf. Stigler.
Ohio STEPHEN HALEY, Pie., FA, Yonkers, Okla.
HOMER A. HENSON, T/5. MD, Brass- N. Y. ROLAND G. WRIGHT, Pic.. Int, Roanoke.
town, N. C. JAMES G. HAWKINS, Pie, In., Persia. Va.
(P)ALFRED B. HILL, Jr.. T/5, MD, Water- Tenn. (P)O. B. YATES. Pci.. InW. Southport,
valley, Miss. JAMES A. HOGGLE, Pie.. In.f Tuscaloosa. Fla.
JEWEL C. KELLEY, T/5, Cav, Baton Ala. JOHN J. YORKE. Pfc.. Inf. Washington,
Rouge. Ala. ROBERT N. JUMP, Pfc., Inf, Binghamton, Pa.
(P)ELLIS D. KILGOIE, T/5, MD, Colusa, N. Y. ERNEST E. COWHERD, Pvt., Inf, Purdy,
Calif. CHARLES H. KEEFAUVER, Pie., Int. Mo.
JOSEPH A. LEWIS, T/5, MD, Whitmore. Fiatt, Ill. OREM W. FOREHAND, Pvt.. Int, Three
S. C. CHARLES H. KENNON, Pci., Int, Waco, Rivers. Tex.
ROBERT W. LICSAUER. T/5, Cav, Phila- Tex. (P) DERRICK W. GOODWIN, Pvt., Int,
delphia, Pa. HARRY A. LANDENBERG. Jr.. Pic., Inf. San Pedro, Calif.
(P)HOMER E. MILLS, T/5. MD, Kan- Lancaster, Pa. (P)DREXEL E. HOWARD. Pvt, Inf. Mar-
napolis. N. C. ROBERT L. LITTLE, Jr, Pfc., Inf, Rising kal. Ky.
JOHN H. SEITZ, T/5, MD, Lynbrook. Fawn, Ga. NIEL J. KARTEZ, Pvt., Inf, Bronx, N. Y.
N. SMITH T5. Ca Bessemer. JOHN W. LUKE. Pie.. FA, Franklin, La. WARREN O. PARHAM, Pvt., Int. Aber-
JAMES E. SMITH, T/5, Cav Bessemer.
Ala. OTIS MORRIS, Pie., Inf, Tylertown, Miss. deen, Miss.
FREDERICK Y. ADAIR. Pfc., Inf. New MIKE A. NAGY, Pie., Inf. Springfield. (P)JAMES O. ROBERTSON, Inf, Aber-
Albany, Miss. Pa. deen. Miss.


SOLDIER'S MEDAL

By Act of Congress, July 2, 1926, this'decoration is awarded to any person
with the Army, National Guard, or Organized Reserves who distinguishes him-
self or herself by "heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy."















DONALD P. MORRIS, Major, MC. Hatties- WILLIAM C. BURNETT, T. Sgt., In., ELMER J. DAY, S. Sgt., Inf, Greenville,
burg, Miss. Eastman, Ga. Fla.
JULIUS L. GRUENEBAUM, Capt., MC. GEORGE H. CHORLEY, T. Sgt., Inf. NORMAN D. PORTER, S. Sgt., FA, Du-
Oakland, Calif. Sledge, Miss. rant, Miss.
CHARLES T. READ, Capt., MC, Lookout WALTER F. SCHNELLER, T. Sgt., QMC. WALLACE J. REYNOLDS, S. Sgt., FA,
Mt. Tenn. New Orleans. La. Newton. Ala.
BERTRAM E. qPROFKIN, Capt.. MC, Pat- LEAR L. YARBOROUGH, T. Sgt., Inf. EULIS S. SMITH, S. Sgt.. Int, Aberdeen,
erson, N. J. Merigold, Miss. Miss.
EDWIN C. STENEHJEIN. Ist Lt., Inf, Port EMIL F. ADAM. S. Sgt.. Inf. Omaha, Neb. JACK G. SURMALL. S. Sgt., Inf, Ellis-
Orchard, Wash. Eille, Miss.
FRED S. WILSON. 1st Lt. Inf, Los An- CLARRON B. Ashley. S. Sgt., Inf, Mat-BROW,
geles, Calif. thews, Mo. WALLACE.r, BROWN, Sgt.. PA, Castel-
HUGH L. BRYANT, 1st Sgt., Inf. Vicks- LOYD F. BAKER, S. Sgt.. Int, University LOUIS A. DAHLEN. Sgt., Inf. Abardeen.
burg, Miss. City. Mo. Miss.
:Sa AMES W. KELLEY. 1st Sgt., FA, Lake ROCCO J. BONELLI, S. Sgt., In., Lodi, WILLIAM L. DAVIS. Sgt., Int. Houston,
Wales, Fla. N. J. Miss.
JAMES A. LANG, 1st Sgt., Int, Jackson, DENNIS M. CROWDEN, S. Sgt.. In. Tus- CLINTON G. FULLER, Sgt., Cav, Old
Miss. caloosa, Ala. Hickory. Tenn.

179















JACK KLAVER, Sgt., Cav, Brooklyn, ROLAND M. CHESTER. Pfc., MD, Quiney, LADIS MOVOTNY, Pie, Inf, Lancaster,
N. Y. Fla. Tex.
USHO A. KALLIO, T/4, Cav, Angora, EARL E. CORRELL, Pfc., Int, Birmnng- WILLIAM C. PALMER, Pic., QMC, Wells-
Minn. ham, Ala. ville, Ohio
VIRGIL K. McCORMICK, Cpl, Inf, Louisa, LEONARDO DEROSA, Pfe.. Inf, Tampa, MOAH W. PAYNE, Pic., Int, London,
Ky. Fla. W. Va.
ROBERT A. MERCER, Cpl., Inf, Lenia, SAMUEL P. DiPIETRANTONIO. Pfi., CHARLIE L. PERRYMAN, Pfc., MP, Flor-
Ohio Inf, Ardmore, Pa. ence, Ala.
R. L. MITCHELL, Cpl., Inf. Calhoun City, CHARLES F. DISMUKES. Pfe., Inf, Oko- MARTIN M. RABHAN. Pfe., Int, Savan-
Miss, lona, Miss. nah, Ga.
ARNOLD T. PENNEY, Cpl.. Cav, Detroit, WALTER DUNKER, Pfc, CE, Brooklyn, -ARTHUR J. RICHARDSON. Pfc., Int,
Mich. N. Y. Senatobia, Miss.
THOMAS S. SEARCY, Cpl., FA, Green- THOMAS F. FETCHKO, Pfc, Inf, Jersey EDWARD O. ROBERTS, Pfc., Inf. Leep-
ville. Ala. City, N. J. er, Miss.
ENZO G. BALDINO, T/5, FA, Brooklyn, GEORGE W. FREY, Pfc., MD, Fallon, PAUL K. SEIBERT, Pic., FA, Pittsburg,
N. Y. Nev. Pa.
MELVIN BINDER, T/5, FA, Keen, N. H. GEORGE W. GIDEON..Pfe. MP, Patts- ARCHIE L. SHIELDNIGHT, Pfc., Int,
DONALD A. BOXLEITER, T/5, FA, Du- boro. Tex. Coweta, Okla.
buque, Iowa GEORGE H. HAMM, Pfc., FA, Hudson, FRANCIS R. SIMPSON, Pic., FA, Jack-
TRUMAN W. ROUSE, T/5, Inf, Dennis, N. Y. sonville Fla.
Miss. DUANE J. JAMES. Pfe., Inf, Ewing, Neb. DENVER G. SIMS, Pfc., Inf, Laurel, Miss.
ROBERT C. TODD, T/5, Inf, Federalsburg, WILLIAM E. JOHNSTON, Pfc., Int, Clear- GEORGE WARD, Pie., Inf, Carson, Miss.
Md. field, Pa. ALAN L. WEBB. Pfc, Inf. Tranier, Pa.
THOMAS WAGNER, T/S5 Cav, Bronx, JAMES H. JORDAN, Pfc., FA, Detroit, CLIFFORD WHITEHEAD, Pfe., CE, Co-
N. Y. Mich. lumbia, Tenn.
DAVID L. BARGER, Pfc., Inf, Phila- FRANCIS T. KLEPACK, Pfc., Inf, Johns- JAMES M. BURNEY, Pvt., Inf. Tampa,
delphia, Pa. town. Pa. Fla.
FRANK BENEDETTI, Pfc., FA, Lincoln CLIFFORD R. MATTEWSON, Pfe., Cav. HAROLD W. DRAPER, Pvt., Int, Sheridan.
Parks, Mich. Glendale, L. I., N. Y. Ark.
BURT R. BRASHIER, Pfc., Inf, Mans- GRANT L. McCOOL, Pfc., Int. Mobile, LESTER M. LEAR, Pvt., Inf, Easton, Pa.
field, La. Ala. HARRY LUKOVITCH. Pvt., FA, London,.
PHILIP P. CALLAS, Pfc., Inf, New York MARTIN MYER, Pfe., Int, Philadelphia. Eng.
City, N. Y. Pa. PAUL R. NOE, Pvt., Inf. Clarksdale. Miss.



AIR MEDAL
Executive Order, May 11, 1942. Recipients, members of the armed forces
must have distinguished themselves, after September 8, 1939, by meritorious
achievement in flight. Air Medal is awarded where the service does not war-
rant a Distinguished Flying Cross.














CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj. Gen., USA, EDWARD P. PEACOCK, Lt. Col.. GSC. **FRANCIS JETER, 1st Lt., FA, Dallas,
Columbia, S. C. Clarksdale, Miss. Tex.
THOMAS F. HICKEY, Brig. Gen., USA, GEORGE N. SAGIN, Lt. Col., FA. Tampa, JOHN J. KEMP, 1st Lt., FA, Memphis.
Washington. D. C. Fla. Tenn.
IOSEPH C. HUTCHISON, Brig. Gen., USA, CECIL E. WALTER, Lt. Col., CE, New PAUL A. KREITNER, 1st Lt., Inf, Denbo.
Sanford. Fla. York, N. Y. Pa.
WALTER J. HANNA, Col., Inf. Birming- -*STEPHEN S. BROWN, Maj, VA. ****JERROLD R. MILLS, 2nd Lt., FA,
ham, Ala. Clarksville. Tex. Waterville, Kans.
HAL. HARDENBURGH, Col., GSC. Eutaw, ELMER J. JACKSON, Maj., Int, Lincoln, ALBERTRT F. PARKER, 2nd Lt., FA, Hat-
Ala. Nebr. tiesburg, Miss.
JAMES A. LAKE, Col., FA, Greenville, JAMES H. VAUGH, Jr., Maj., Inf, Black- 2nd Lt,
SMiss. stone, Va. LLOYD E. STREET, 2nd Lt., Inf, Ripley,
EDWARD M. STARR, Col., Inf, Washing- J. R. WOODRUFF, Jr., Maj., CE, Boise, Miss.
ton, D. C. Idaho SHELDON K. TOWER. 2nd Lt., CWS,
VIRGIL S. ADKINS, Lt. Col., Inf. Clarks- *MARKS W. JENKINS, Capt., FA, Jack- Marengo, Ind.
dale, Miss. son. Miss. JACK E. GRAVES, M/Sgt., Inf, Gadsden,
LESLIE L. EVANS, Lt. Col., Inf, Canton, **DONALD F. RESTOOL, Capt., FA, Lan- Ala.
Miss. sing, Mich. **LINDSEY M. BISHOP, S/Sgt., FA, At-
JOSEPH J. HILL, Lt. Col., FA, Bartow, FORREST C. BARRIGER, 1st Lt., FA, lanta, Ga.
Fla. Boll, Calif. *ALLEN H. CONSER, S/Sgt., FA, Port-
MILTON E. HULL, Lt. Col. FA, Plant HOWARD W. BOOKOUT, 1st Lt., Inf, land, Ore.
City. Fia.
JOHN T. KIZER, Lt. Col., QMC, Sena- Alexandria, Ind. PETER L. MUSANO, S/Sgt., In, West
tobia, Miss. ROBERT F. COLE, 1st Lt., Inf, New Heb- Orange, N. J.
MARK W. LANCE, Lt. Col,. GSC, Talla- ron, Miss. CHARLIE R. THORNTON. S/Sgt., Inf,
CHARLES P. LYKES, Lt Col, GSC ALBERT H. DODD, 1st Lt., Inf. Lincoln, Bridgeport, Ala.
Houston, Tex. Nebr. HAROLD W. CLEMONS, T/3, FA, Chenoa,
LEON L. MATHEWS, Lt. Col., Inf, Birm- PRESTON C. FORS, 1st Lt., FA, Lansing, Ill.
ingham, Ala. Mich. AUBREY W. HARRELL, T/4, Inf. Gads-
HARRY M. MURRAY,, Lt. Col., OD, Alex- LOUIS HECHT, 1st Lt., Inf, Boston, Mass. den, Ala.
andria. La.
FRANK C. PAUL. Lt. Col., FA, Tampa, ***JAMES B. HOLLOWAY, Jr., 1st Lt., ZIGMUND F. DOMBROWSKI, T/5, Inf,
Fla. FA, Houston, Tex. Sugar Notch, Pa.


180















BRONZE STAR
The Bronze Star is awarded for heroic achievement or meritorious action














JOSEPH C. HUTCHISON, Brig. Gen., *ROY HART BENTON, Maj. SIGC, Mo- SEWELL G. SKELTON, Maj, Inf, Clare-
USA, Sanford, Fla. bile, Ala. more. Okla.
SUMTER L. LOWRY, JR, Brig. Gen, *JAMES N. BROWN, Maj., Int, Birmng- PAUL E. SMITH, MaJ., MC, Palestine,
USA, Tampa, Fla. ham. Ala. Il.
JOHN C. DUCKWORTH, Col., GSC, Tusca- RALPHH D. BURNS, Maj, Int, Jackson, DAVID T. TABER, Maj.. Int, Gadsden,
loosa, Ala. Miss. Ala.
LEROY S.. GRAHAM, Col., GSC, Alpine, DAVID J. CASTLEMAN, Maj, Int, JAMES H. VAUGHN, Jr.. Maj., Int, Black-
Tex. Greensboro, Ala. stone. Va.
HOMER W. HESTERLEY, Col., FA, Tampa, JAMES H. CHALMERS, JR Maj, MC, WILLIAM W. WATKIN, JR., Maj.. CE,
Fla. Goshen, N. Y. Houston. Tex.
VIRGIL S. ADKINS, Lt CoL. In, Clarks- OWEN J. CHEEVERS, Maj., MC RUSS T. WHITE, Maj. AGD, Dothan,
dale, Misi. DONALD V. COONEY, Maj, MC, Flush- Ala.
MARSHALL E. BUSH, Lt. Col., CE, Green- Ing. N. Y. J. R. WOODRUFF, Maj.. CE, Boise, Idaho
ville, Miss. JAMES R. DUREN, JR., Maj., Inf, Tusca- *ABBOTT B. WALTON. Ma, Int. Sayre.
OSCAR L. DUPREE, Lt. Col, GSC, Attalls. loosa, Ala. Al.
Ala. JAMES T. FERGUSON, JR., Maj, MC. JOHN M. ADAMS, Capt., Inf, Abilene.
-LESLIE L. EVANS. Lt. Col, Inf, Canton, Lawrence, Kans. Tex.
Miss. ROBERT M. FOWLER, Maj. Int, Bir- PHILIP E. ADAMS, Capt., FA, Alexander
*JOSEPH W. FORD, Lt. Col., MC, Gads- mingham, Ala. City, Ala.
den, Ala. BENJAMIN A. HUDSON. Maj. CMP. WILLIAM P. ANDREWS, Capt.. Int,
JOHN L. GOODWYN, Lt. Col., GSC, Mont- Montgomery, Ala. Syracuse, N. Y.
Sgomery, Ala. JOEL C. GARRARD, Maj., FA, Bartow, Fla. ALEX M. ARCHIBALD, Capt., FA, St.
HAL HARDENBERG, Lt. Col., In., Eutaw. MELFORD I. GARRETT. Maj.. Inf, Gads- Petersburg, Fla.
Ala. den. Ala. JOHN V. ASEVEDO, JR., Cant., Inf,
FRANK HARDY, Lt. Col, Inf. Selma, EDWARD M. GOODWIN, Maj, MC, Brook- Gustine, Calif.
Ala. lyn, N. Y. WINSTON C. BAIRD, Capt, MC. Flint,
SIDNEY B. HOOPER, Lt. Col., Int, Al- PETER M. GRAHN, Maj, FA, Tampa. Mich.
bertsville, Ala. Fla. ROBERT M. BALLARD. Capt., Int,
MILTON E. HULL, Lt. Col., FA, Plant JAMES A. GRIFFIN. Maj, Ord. Lake- Neches, Tex.
City, Fla. land. Fla. NATHAN BANDER, Capt., M9, Ellen-
JOHN F. JENKINS, Jr., Lt. Col., MC, JOSEPH J. HILL. Maj., FA, Bartow, ville, N. Y.
Birmingham, Ala. Fla. CLAIR B. BARNETT, Capt., MC, Cuba
LOUIS M. JIGGITTS, Lt. Col., GSC, Jack- ELMER J. JACKSON. Maj., Inf, Hatties. City, Wis.
son, Miss. burg, Miss. J. B. BEARD, Capt., Int, Oklahoma City,
W. EUGENE JONES, Lt. Col.. FA, Bar- *JOHN TOM KIZER, Mal., QMC, Sena- Okla.
iow. Fla. tobia, Miss. 'EDWARD A: BECKER, Capt., Inf. Frost-
'JAMES A. LAKE. Lt. Col., FA, Green- WILBUR E. KOONCE, Maj. Int. Jackson, proof, Fla.
vlle, Miss. Miss. JAMEI R. BOWERS, Capt., Inf, Fort
MARK W. T.ANCE. Lt. Col., QMC, Talla- JULIO R. LACEDONIA, Maj., Inf, Key Sruth, Ark.
hassee, Fla. West, Fla. GEORGE B. BRODIE, Capt., CWS, Chi-
MARTIN F. MARKWARD, Lt. Col., GSC. MARION J. Le DOUX, Maj., MC, New cago, Ill.
Fort Worth. Tex. Orleans, La. MURRAY E. BROWN. Capt.. DC, Buna,
LEON L. MATHEWS, Lt. Col., Inf, Bir- RICHARD LEFFERS, JR. Maj., FA, Lake- Tex.
mingham, Ala. land, Fla. MARTIN CARABALLO. JR. Capt., FA,
FREDERICK W. MELSHEIMER. Lt. Col., EDWARD O. LOGAN, Malj. Inf, Tusca- Tampa, Fla.
Int. Vicksburg. Miss. loosa, Ala. CHARLES M. CAREY, Capt., Int. Nash-
WILBUR K. MILLER, Lt. Col., Inf, Or- HENRY I. LOUTTIT. Maj.. CHC, Palm ville, Tenn.
lando, Fla. Beach. Fla. WALLACE E. CARLSON, Capt., FA.
-FRANK C..PAUL, Lt. Col., FA, Tampa. *CHARLES P. LYKES, Maj., GSC, Hous- Vicksburg. Miss.
Fla. ton, Tex. NICHOLAS J. CHIARA, Capt., MC. Brook-
JOSEPH L. PETERSON, Lt. Col., IGD. WILLIAM L. MAIGE, Maj., FA. Monte- lyn, N. Y.
Gadsden, Ala. cello, Fla. JOSEPH A. CHIOTA, Capt, MC, Bridge-
HAROLD E. RAND, Lt. Col., Inf. Sumrall, RAYMOND O. MANASCO. Maj., In., port, Conn.
Miss B.rmingham, Ala. AUGUSTINE A. CIOTOLA, Capt., MC,
HAVARD T. RAWLINSON, Lt. Col., AGD, JOHN E. MANDVILLE. Maj., Int. Mo- Hazelton, Pa.
Dothan, Ala. bile, Ala. FRANK E. COGHLAN. Capt. Inf, Hous-
MAHONE REESE, Jr., Lt. Col., GSC, Live VICTOR L. McDEARMAN, Maj., Inf, ton. Tex.
Oak, Fla. Aberdeen, Miss. KENNETHFL. COOK. Capt., Inf, Riverton,
HOWARD O. ROY, Lt. Col., GSC, LaFay- GERALD A. MELSHEIMER, Maj, Int. Wyo.
ette, La. Vicksburg, Miss. JOHN H. CRICHTON. Capt., Int, Minden,
'GEORGE N. SAGIN, Lt. Col., FA. Tampa, MARCUS N. OWEN, Maj, FA, Tampa, La.
Fla. Fla. JACK R. CRITTENDEN. Capt., Inf, Sacra-
LOREN D. SKAGGS. Lt. Col., FD, Sa- *EDWARD P. PEACOCK, JR.. Maj., GSC, mentq, Calif.
vannah, Ga. Clarksdale, Miss. CHARLES M. CROUCH. Capt., CHC, Pasa-
JOHN P SWEENEY, Lt. Col., SIGC, Mo- EMORY B. PEEBLES, JR., Maj., CMP. dena. Calif.
JOHbile. AN ESSO, Lt. Col. IGD Hattiesburg. Miss. ITAT.O W. DANIELS. Capt., MC, Council
Northbrook. II. REX D. ROACH, Maj. FA, Geneva. Ala. Bluffs, Iowa,
CECIL E. WALTER, Lt. Col., CE, New WILLIAM D. ROBY, Maj., Inf, Tusca- JOHN N. De FOORE, Capt., Inf, Sidon,
York, N. Y. loosa, Ala. Miss.
JAMES E. BARBER, Maj., Inf, Anniston, WRIGHT H. ROSS, Maj., Inf., Anniston. ALBERT T. DI GIANDOMENICO, Capt.,
Ala. Ala. MC. Meriden, Conn.
JOHN R. BARNES, Maj., Inf, Memphis. CHARLES P. SANDIDGE, Maj, Inf, Can- RUPERT Z. DISKMUKES, Capt., Inf,
Tenn. ton, Miss. Gadsden, Ala.
JOHN W. BASKIN. Maj.. FA, Greenville. JOHN G. "*-HAFFER, Maj, FA, Vicks- CHARLES W. DOUGLASS, Capt., MC,
Miss. burg, Miss. Wenatchee. Wash.


181
















CORNELIUS J. DRISCOLL. Capt.. MC. PIERCE A. REEDER, Capt., Inf. Leola, PRESTON C. FORS. 1st Lt., FA, Lansing,
Revere. Mass. Ark. Mich.
HENRY T. ELLENDER, Capt., DC, Thibo- LEO D. RICHEY, Capt., MC, Terre Haute, ROBERT E. FOSTER. 1st Lt.. Int. Can-
daux, La. Ind. andaigua, N. Y.
*WALTER F. ELLIOTT, Capt., Inf. Pasa- ROBERT ROBINSON, Capt., MC, Rox- RUSSELL L. FRANKLIN. 1st Lt., Int,
dena. Calif. bury. Mass. Muskogee. Okla.
ROBERT C. FAIRCHILD. Capt.. Inf, Kan- FREDERICK M. ROGERS. Capt., CHC, JOHN E. FULLER. 1st Lt.. Inf Falconer,
sas City, Mo. Woodward, Okla. N. Y.
CLARENCE E. FLICKS, Capt., Inft Lin- RICHARD L. ROSENTHAL, Capt.. MC, ALEX C. FURTWAUGLER, 1st Lt., In!,
coin. Nebr. Branford. Conn. Evanston. Ill.
BOBBIE B. FORD, Capt., Inf. Jackson. EDWIN L. SAUCY. Capt.. Inf, Napa, EDWARD GRAEF, 1st Lt., Inf, Colum-
Miss. Calif. bus, Ohio
DOYLE E. FOSTER, Capt., Inf, Little JOSEPH E. SCHEUERMAN, Capt., FA, ARLINGTON G. GRAY, 1st Lt.. FA, South
Rock. Ark. Trenton, N. J. Brewer, Me.
MARTIN M. FRIEDMAN. Capt., Inf, SAMUEL O. SHEAR, Capt., AGD, Pitts- OSCAR T. HAMMETT, 1st Lt., Inf, Fay-
Cleveland Heights. Ohio burg, Pa. ette. Miss.
JESSE L. GOODMAN, Capt., Inf, Clem- MARK S. SKELTON, Capt, FA, Scotts- STANLEIY S. HORBAR. 1st Lt., Inf,
son. S. C. boro, Ala. Brooklyn. N. Y.
DAVID K. GUSTAFSON, Capt., Inf. Thief JAMES W. SMITH, Capt., Inf, Tyler, Tex. JOHN C. HILL. 1st Lt.. QMC. Hope, Ark.
River Falls, Minn. JAMES T. SPECHT, Capt., FA, Tampa. ROBERT F. HOLBROOK, 1st Lt., Inf,
LAWRENCE W. HALL, Capt., Inf. IVA, Fla. Allston, Mass.
S. C. FRANK G. SPRINGSTEAD. Capt., Inf, PHILIP W. HUMMEL, 1st Lt., Inf, Jeffer-
HENRY.L. HAVENS. Capt.. FA. Lexing- New York. N. Y. sen. Ohio
ton. Miss. JAMES L. STOUGH, Capt.. FA. Dothan, ROBERT L. JONES, 1st Lt.. MAC, Rock-
THOMAS W. HEREFORD. Capt.. FA. Gur- Ala. ford. Ill.
ley, Ala. WILFORD G. SUESSEN. Capt., Inf. East *GARLAND W. KINSLEY, 1st Lt., FA,
ROBERT R. HICKS, Capt., FA, Tampa. Alton. Ill. New Orleans. La.
Fla. RAYMOND J. VANDERCOOK, Capt.. FA, PAUL A. KREITNER. 1st Lt., Inf, Denbo.
ELTON R. HOGAN, Capt., Inf, Cary, Royal Oaks, Mich. Pa.
N. C. DONALD A. VISSCHER. Capt.. CHC. Car- DONALD W. KREMBS, 1st Lt.. Inf. Ta-
JAMES M. HUMPHRIES, JR.. Capt, CE, mel. N. Y. coma, Wash.
Memphis. Tenn. RICHARD L. WAGNER, Capt., FA, On- JAMES R. KUHN. JR.. 1st Lt., FA, Joliet,
*FABIAN U. HUSLEY, Capt., QMC, tario, Canada Ill.
Bi!oxi, Miss. JAMES A. WALKER, JR., Capt.. Inf. In- JAMES A. LAMON. 1st Lt., MC, Indian-
CHARLES R. IKERMAN. Capt.. CE. De- dianapolis. Ind. ola, Miss.
catur, Ala. MAYLAND J. WARBLE, Capt.. FA. Burr WILLIAM E. LEAVITT, Ist Lt., FA, Madl-
LONNIE M. JACKSON. JR., Capt., Inf, Oak. Mich. son. N. J.
Gary, Ind. JAMES R. WARD, Capt., MC. Hutting- *PHILIP E. LONG. 1st Lt., Cav. Welling-
HAROLD A. JACOBSEN, Capt., Inf, Wal- ton. Ind. ton. Mo.
worth, Wis. *BENJAMIN F. WELLES. JR.. Capt.. FA, GEORGE W. MADDOX, 1st Lt., FA, Das
ALAN H. JOHNSON, Capt., FA. Santa Cucadia, Fla. Moines. Iowa
Barbara. Calif. JOHN L. WHITAKER, Capt.. MC. Paola, CLARENCE R. MARTIN, 1st Lt., MC,
LLOYD O. JOHNSON, Capt., MAC, Al- Kans. Houston. Tex.
hambra, Calif. LEONARD C. WHITE, Capt.. Inf. Dallas, NED N. MATARAZZI. 1st Lt., Inf. Fron-
PAUL A. KAELSON. JR.. Capt., Int. Tex. tenac, Kans.
Wichita, Kans. *ISADORE D. WIENER, Capt., MC, Tut- ROBERT S. McCLINTOCK, 1st Lt., FA,
MALCOLM K. KELLEY, Capt., FA. Rep- wiler, Miss. Ruston, La.
ton, Ala. FRANK A. WILKINSON. Capt.. FD. OWEN McGOUGH, JR, 1st Lt.. Ord,
ROBERT C. KEY, Capt., Inf, Selma. Ala. Birmingham. Ala. Los Angeles, Calif.
ARTHUR S. KIDWELL, Capt., SNC, Balti- JOHN L. WILSON, Capt., Inf, Grand RAYMOND N. McKENNA, .1st Lt., Inf,
more, Md. Rapids. Mich. Wheeling, W. Va.
J. W. KUYKENDALL, Capt., Inf, Duncan, REX W. WILSON, Capt., MC. Peru, Kans. JOHN L. McLAUGHLIN, 1st Lt.. Inf. Bell-
Ok. LAMBERSONCapt. Inf.Pas- RICHARD A. WISE, Capt.. Inf, Nashville. fontaine. Ohio
OWEN B. LAMBERSON, Capt.. Inf.. Pas- Tenn. ROBERT E. McMICAN, Ist Lt.. Inf..
agoula TT Capt., In, Canton, ROBERT P WORDEN Capt.. MC, Au- Marion, Ky.
GUSTUS LUCKETT, Capt., In!, Canton, burn. N. Y. WILLIAM J. McWILLIAMS. Ist Lt., Ord,
Miss.. WALTER H. ADLER, 1st Lt., Inf, Cleve- Pittsburg. Kans.
HENRY R. LUSCHER, JR., Capt., Inf, Mo- land Heights. Ohio CLINTON V. MESSEROLE. JR., 1st Lt.,
bile, Ala. ARTHUR A. ALTO. Ist Lt.. Inf. iVau- FA. New Rochelie. N. Y.
WILLIAM R. LYTLE, Capt., MC. Call- kegan, Ill. DONALD A. MOE. 1st Lt.. Inf, Evansville,
ALBRTi. Mo. CtCLYDE E. AUTERY. Ist Lt.. FA. Dixons Ind.
ALBERT P. MADGETT, Capt.. IGD, Hast- Mills. Ala. GEORGE P. MONCRIEF, 1st Lt.. Inf, San
RA ND MARLOWE, Capt., A, St. MARION E. AVRETT. Ist Lt., MAC, Sam- Angelo. Calif.
RAYMOND J. MARLOWE, Capt., FA, St. son. Ala. HAROLD B. MORRISON, 1st Lt., Inf,
GEOEPl DORS, Capt.. GSC Jack- LEWIS BERTUZZI, 1st Lt.. Inf, Oneonta. Dennis, Kans.
GEORGE E. MEADORS. Capt., GSC. Jack- N. Y. ROBERT D. MURRAY, Ist Lt.. Inf, Lubac,
son, Miss. MCFREDERICK J. BOECKER, Ist Lt.. Inf, Me.
WILLIAM H. MICHELSON, Capt., FA, Minster. Ohio HENRY J. NEEDHAM. 1st Lt., Inf. Long
Decatur, Ala. HOWARD W. BOOKOUT, tst Lt., In!, Island, N. Y.
JOSEPH J. MILHISLER, Capt., Inf, Rew Alexandria, Ind. ALBERT H. PINGEL, 1st Lt.. SIG C,
CityRE Ea. a. Nr DONALD B. BOWEN. Ist Lt.. In!. San Foley, Fla.
CHARLES E. McBRIDE, Capt., Inf, Nor- Angelo, Tex. WOODROW L. RICHISTER. 1st Lt.. Inf.
PAU M.ny REL, Capt.. MAC, Clifton, WILLIE J. BOWMAN. 1st Lt.. Inf, Atoka, Bronx, N. Y.
PAUL M. MOREL, Capt., MAC, Clifton, Okla. JACK ROBERTS, Ist Lt.. FA. Louis-
IlL. JULES V. BRADLE, 1st Lt., In!, Bronx, villa. Ky.
DANIEL NEEDHAM, JR., Capt., FA, West JN.S Y. DAVID R. ROCHE, 1st Lt.. Inf. Phila-
Newton. Mass. delphia, Pa.
SAMUEL D. NTLES, Capt., FA, Peter- GEORGE E. BUSH. Ist Lt., SIGC, South delphi Pa1
SAMU D. NETTLES, Capt. A, Peter- Nyack, N. Y. ARTHUR C. RODENBERG. Ist Lt., Inf,
man, Ala. LEROY W. CAULDER, Ist Lt., Inf Cam- Springfield. Ill.
JONES OSBORN, Capt., Inf. Welton, den, S. C. RONALD S. SANDBACH, 1st Lt.. Intf
SIDN C. PANKER, Capt. MC, Br PETER A. CHAJKA, 1st Lt., Inf. Cleve- arringn Park, N. J.
SIDNEY C. PANKER, Capt.. MC. Brook- land. Ohio WILLIAM C. SAUSVILLE, Ist Lt., Inf.,
lyn, BN. PI CROBERT P. CLARK, Ist Lt., Inf. Brattle- Jersey City, N. J.
PAUL B. PHILLIPS, Capt., Inf, Peru, boro, Vt. HAROLD F. SCHOLTES, 1st Lt., FD,
ALLN R POHTO, Capt., DC, Colum- FRED E. COTE, 1st Lt., Inf, Port Huron, Richfield Park. N. J I
ALLAN R. OPOBTO, Capt., DC. Colum- Mich. ROBERT E. SEYMORE, Ist Lt., Inf, Gulf-
bus. Ohio
PAUL L. POLK, Capt., Inf, Vicksburg, WILLIAM C CRAWFORD, Ist Lt., Inf, port. Miss.
Miss. Ironton. Ohio *DOYNE M. SMITH, Ist Lt.. Inf. Galena.
ARDAN R. POTTER, Capt., CHC, St. 0 T. DALTON, JR.. Ist Lt.. Inf. Charles- THOMAS J. SMITH. 1st Lt., Int, Phila-
Louis. Mo. ton. Miss. delphia. Pa.
EDWARD Y. POSTMA, Capt., MC, Wau- EARL L. DeSELLE, 1st Lt., CE, Alex- JOHN R. SMYTH, 1st Lt., Inf. LaPorte,
pun. Wis. andria, La. Pa.
ARTHUR E. QUINLAN, Capt., DC, Flem- *RUSSELL A. DUKE, 1st Lt., SIG C, JOHN S. SPELLMAN, Ist Lt., CE. Or-
ing. Ky. Gadsden. Ala. lando. Fla.
CLARENCE E. RAMBO. Capt.. CE, Inde- JOSEPH H. DUNLAP, JR., 1st Lt., FA, WILLARD A. STARBIRD, 1st Lt., QMC.
pendence, Mo. Manchester, N. H. Sangerville, Me.


182













OLIVER J. STEPHENSON. 1st Lt., MAC, JAMES W. HALE, 1/Sgt., In, Talladega. ERNEST G. KALLAND, T/Sgt., In, Minn-
Coffee Springs. Ala. Ala. eapolis, Minn.
CLARENCE W. TROUT, 1st Lt.. CE. Red JAMES W. KELLEY, 1/Sgt.. FA. Lake STEVE F. KILLN, TISgt.. QMC. Shick-
'Lion, Pa. Wales, Fla. shinny, Pa.
GEORGE C. VERLINDE, st Lt., FA, De- JAMES A. METRIN. 1/Sgt.. FA. Tampa. CLAUDE F. KING T/Sgt., MD. Carrier
troLt, Mich. Fla. Mis3.
CHARLES J. WETTA; Ist Lt., CE, Steel- HENRY C. POOLE, I/Sgt., CE, Vicksburg, LOUIS HUESS, T/Sgt, Inf. Birmingham.
ton, Pa. Miss. Ala.
ALFRED A. WIENER, Ist Lt., FA, Los JOSEPH C. SCHNEIDER, /Sgt, Intf. Mil- WILLIAM F. LUNCEFORD, T/Sgt., Inf
Angeles. Cali. waukee, Wis. Mobile Ala.
MANFORD C. WLBOURN, st Lt.. Ord, SIDNEY T. SMITH. I/Sgt., Int. Jackso. WILFRED C. MATTINGLY, T/Sgt., MD.
Topeka, Kans. Miss.. Sydney. Australia
ALFRED WOHL, 1st Lt., Inf, Long Island, MOUNGER F. ADAMS. M/Sgt., Inf. Lum- L. B. McCLENDON, T/Sgt, Inf. Albert-
N. Y. berton. Miss. vie. Ala.
JAMES R. YOUNG, st Lt., In Bluefield, HERMAN F. BAERWALD. M/Sgt.. Int, JOHN T. MEAl OCK, T/Sgt., Int St.
W. V. New York. N. Y. Augustine, Fla.
RICHARD H. BARNES. 2nd Lt. SIG C, CLIFTON H. BELK, M/Sgt., Inf. Besse- MURRAY D. MEEK T/St. Int. Court-
SMobile, Ala. mer, Ala. land, Miss.
LOUIS N. BERKOWITZ. 2nd Lt. FA, St. WILLIAM A. BITTER, Jr, M/Sgt., In. FRED C. MOAK. T/Sgt., In, McComb,
Louis, Mo. Tuscaloosa. Ala. Miss.
R. E. BISHOP, 2nd Lt, Inf, Horton, Ala. HARRY BRITTON M/Sgt., QMC, Demop- ROY B. MORGAN, T/St., In, Campbell.
JOE H. BOYKIN, 2nd Lt.. Inf, Crawford, olis, Ala. Tex.
ss. SAM BROWN, M/Sgt.. Int, Birmingham,. WILLIAM NETTLES T/St., In, Pen-
HARLAN E. CARPENTER, 2nd Lt.. Inf, A1a. sacola, Fla.
GAthens, Ohio JAMES F. CHAFFIN, M/Sgt, Inf, Gads- EDWARD R. O'QUINN T/Sgt., In, Tyler-
GORDON R. CLAPSHAW, 2nd Lt, Inf, den. Ala. town, Mss.
Minneapolis. Mnn. JOHN J. CHESTER, M/Sgt. Sig. C.. Balti- FRED OWEN. T/Sgt., Inf Anniston, Ala
FRANCIS J. DAUNT, 2nd Lt.. In,. Macon, more. Md. GIPSON J. PEARSON, T/Sgt. In, Little
Ga. JOSEPH A. DELL, M/Sgt., Int, Fostoria, GIP J EARSON, T/Sgt. InA Little
WILLIAM M. EAGER, 2nd Lt., Inf. Jack- Chio ( N E. PILGRE T/t. I .
son, Miss. JOHN T. FACHILD, Jr. M/Sgt. FA, Sema, A.a.PILGREEN T/gt. In
ARTHUR H. FREDERIKSON, 2nd Lt., Inf, Meridian, Miss. ROERT K. ROBERTSON. T/Sgt., QMC,
-lack River Fadls, Wis. RUBEN H. GODFREY, M/Sgt.. In.t Au- Los Angeles, Calif.
DAVID I. GARRETT JR. 2nd Lt., In burn Ala. JOHN F. ROHAL T/St. In. Bethlehem
Monroe. La. J. LESSER GOLDMAN, M/Sgt., Int, St. Pa..
STANLEY GONTARZ, 2nd Lt, FA, Louis, Mo. MILTON F. ROHLF. T/Sgt. Berwyn,
Brooklyn, N. Y. JACK E. GRAVES, M/Sgt., Inf, Gadsden. Ill.
CLIFFORD A. GONYEA, 2nd Lt., Cav, Ala. WILLIAM J. RUSSELL, T/Et., Inf, New
Springfield. M-s-. '- THOMAS R. GRISEY, Jr., M/Sgt. Inft Crieans, La.
CHARLES V. ICKES, 2nd Lt., Inf, Altoona, Nashville, Tenn. FOSTER M. SIZEMORE, T/Sgt., FD, Sul-
Pa. HENRY C. HAMILTON. M/Sgt., Sig. C.. iigent, Ala.
HOMER C. LOKER, 2nd Lt., f. Hol- Mobile. Ala. AUSTIN W. SMIT T/Sgt., In Dallas,
land, Mich. RILEY M. HOWELL, M/Sgt., Inf. Midland Tex. .
MICHAEL F. METZER. 2nd Lt., Intf. Coun- City, Ala. VERNON B. SMITH. Jr., T/Sgt., Int, Con-
cilgrove. Kans. GEORGE C. L. JENSEN, M/Sgt.. Inf, cord. N. C.
JOSEPH C. PETLICKI 2nd Lt., Inf, NorfRk. Va. SOCOLA W. SPECHT, T/Sgt., Sig. C.,
Brooklyn, N. Y. ALBERT R. KARNES, M/Sg.., Inf. Sa- NGew Crleans, La.
PEARLIE W. RATHER. 2nd Lt., Inf, vanna. I.M. HARLAN A. STRAHAN, T/Sgt.. Inf, Hia-
Meadv lle, Miss. SIMON LEE, MISgt., Int, Carriere, Miss. w.tha, Kans.
GLENN C. CIMPON, 2nd Lt.. MC Tut- WALTER D. LONG. M/Sgt., FA, Fernan- THOMAS J. TOBIN, Jr. T/Sgt., Inf. New
wiler, Miss. dna. I la. (.rlens. La.
LLOYD E. STREET, 2nd Lt.. n, W Rplcy, ROBERT T. LYLE M/Sgt., Inf. Haines GECIGE P. WATSON, D/Sgt. In. Tus-
Miss. City, F.a. caroosa. Ala.
MAX V. WAINWRIGHT 2nd Lt., MAC CLARK W. McCLAIN, M/Sgt., Inf. Bir- GEORGE F. WILLIAMS, T/Sgt., Inf. Tal-
Hattiesburg, Miss. m. ngham, Ala. I/dega, Ala.
LESTER B. WHITAKER. 2nd Lt., Ii. WINFRED C. MILLS. M/Sgt., Int, Desha, PERRY T. WILLIAMS, T/Sgt., Inf, Aber-
Redwood Miss. Ark. deen. Miss.
KENNETH M. BUNN, C. W. O., Jackson- ROY R. OBERHAMER. M/Sgt.. Inf. St., HOWARD P. ADo MS, S/Sgt., Inf, Los
v.lle. Fla. Paul, Minn. Angeles. Ca.if.
CLARK H. DOWLING, W. O. Watertown, EARL H. PPTERSON, M/Sgt., Id. Minne- OLIVER DAMS, S/Sgt., PA., Sulphur
EDMOND L. FRANKLIN, C. W. O., Bir- WILLIAM c. sANDERS. M/Sgt., FD, Fay- LUTHER S. AVERETT, S/Sgt., Int,
nmngham. Ala. tte, Aa. e- Greensboro. Ala.
MAUhICE F. HARRIS, W. O., Watertown, ROBERT C. SCHAEFER, M/Sgt., Sig. C.H WATSON BARNES, S/Sgt. MD, Pensa-
N. Y. Queens, N. Y. cola. Fla.
WILBERT A. HEPNER, C. W. O., Elyria. HARRY C. SPEYERER, M/sgt., In, vicks- WILLIAM C. Beacham, S/Sgt., Inf, Hood
Ohio burg. M:ss. River. Ore.
DUIHRIE H. HOOD, W. 0. (JG), Benton ISAAC STEWART, M/Sgt., CE, New Or- FOY C. BLACK, S/Sgt, Inf. Thomasville.
Miss. leans, La. N. C.
-RICHARD G. LUDLOW, C. W. 0., Mont- JAMES B. ABERNATHy T/Sgt.. Inf, Tus- FLOYD H. Bowman, S/Sgt., FA. Jackson-
JAMES L. SLOSS, Jr., C. W. 0. Webster ALBERT W. ANDERSON, Jr., T/Sgt., Inf. ALTON R. tROWN, S/Sgt., FA. Jackson-
Gioes, Mo. .St,,rke, Fia. ville, Fla.
BERLIN M. STINESPRING, W. O., Hunt- WRIGHT K. EREWIES, T/Sgt., Int, Cul- (P)THOMAS F. BROWN, S/Sgt., Int. Gun
ing.on. W. Va. lendale, Ark. Town, Miss.

duCHARLS toBUa. Miss. Grove., U
ry Ala. toJULIO C. BUSTAMNTE S/St.
VICTOR H. WEISSENEGGER, C. W. O., HAROLD W. CLEMONS, T/Sgt.. FA, Che- Brooklyn, N. Y.
RNew Or.eans, La. nos, Il. JULIAS A. CAMPBELL, S/Sgt.. FA, Seff-
ROBERT B. WHEELER, W. 0., Washing- CHARLES V. CROSBY, T/Sgt., Inf, Ham- ner, Fla.
ton, D C. lion, Miss. JOHN R. CAMERON, S/Sgt., Inf, Pica-
WILLIAM A. WHEELER. C. W. 0.. Santa RU) US D. CRUMBLY, T/Sgt.. InA yune. M,s.
Monica, Calif. Brookesville. Fla. ERNEST W. CHEATHAM, S/Sgt.. Inf,
BENNETTE P. WOLFE, W. 0., (JG). New JOHN P. DESMOND, T/Sgt., Inf, Long Talladega, Ala.
Orleans, La. aIslanda, N. Y.
EDGAR E. BEnTTY /Sgt., In, North- JAMES F. CLARK, S/Sgt., Iot, Arab, Ala.
poEDGAR E. BEATTY, /St., North- OLIVER N. EVANS. T/Sgt., Inf, Palestine, MIKE B. CLEMENT, S/Sgt., MD, Tampa,
Tex. Fla.
GREGORY L. BYRNE., I/Sgt., Inf, Mobile, JOHN A. GRIFFITH, T/Sgt., QMC. Demop- CHARLES W. CLIFTON, S/Sgt., Int, Cor-
Ala. olis, Ala. ninth, Miss.
ELMER CARLEY, l/Sgt. Infl, Brownwood, WILLIAM C. HAMILTON, T/Sgt., Inf. FRED M. COLWELL, S/Sgt., FA, Morton,
Tex. Ofahoma, Mis. Miss.
CLYDE CORBITT, I/Sgt., PA. Tampa. THOMAS L. JEFFREY T/Sgt.. CAC. De- JOR R. COMERFORD. S/Sgt.. FA. Lake
Fla. port, Tex. Wales. Il.
MILTON D. FISHER, I/Sgt., Ilo, North- NICHOLAS JORICH, T/Sgt., Inf, Steelton, WINSLOW D. COWAN, S/Sgt., Inf. Pa-
port. Ala. Pa. ducah, Ky.


13















HULON CRENSHAW. S/Sgt., Inf, Hamp- FRANK J. RAULERSON, S/Sgt., FA, GLENN M. CHURCH, Sgt., Int, Kansas
ton, Ga. Tampa. Fla. City, Mo.
ROBERT P. CROWDER, Jr., S/Sgt., Inf, EUGENE B. READY, S/Sgt.. Inf, Bates- PAUL V. COLLINS, Sgt., Int, Boston,
Savannah, Ga. burg, S. C. Mass.
ALDOR J. DANDURAND, S/Sgt., CE. WALLACE J. REYNOLDS, S/Sgt., FA. JOHN R. COTHERN, Sgt., Int, McComb,
Chicopee Falls, Mass. Newton, Ala. Miss.
JAMES DENMARK, S/Sgt., FA. Fort CHESTER R. ROGOWICZ, S/Sgt., Inf, CLAUDE E. DANIEL, Jr., Sgt., CE, Drew,
Pierce, Fla. Schenectady. N. Y. Miss.
CARROL K. DONALDSON, S/Sgt., Inf, AARON ROSENTHAL. S/Sgt.. Inf. Mon- FRED B. DILLINGER, Sgt., Inf, Dumas,
Canby, Minn. ticello, N. Y. Miss.
WILLIAM S. EARLY, S/Sgt, Inf, Bir- LLOYD W. SARTIN, S/Sgt., Inf, St. TAVENOR W. DRAPER, Sgt., Inf, Proffit,
mingham. Ala. Simon Island, Ga. Va.
(P)HERMAN A. ELTISTE, S/Sgt, Inf, JOHN F. SAYERS S/Sgt, Inf, Upper GEORGE R. EUBANKS, Sgt., Inf, Decatur.
Auburn. Ala. Darby. Pa. Ga.
JOSEPH R. EMFINGER. S/Sgt.. Inf. THOMAS H. SEALE S/Sgt.. Inf, Tusca- FRED FISHER. Sgt., CE. Kerhonkson.
Meadville. Miss. loosa, Ala. N. Y.
DOYLE C. FINNEGAN. S/Sgt.. Int, Laurel, FOSTER C. SKAGGS, S/Sgt., In., Martha, WILLIAM L. FLETCHER, Sgt., Inf, Ocean
Miss. Ky. Springs. Miss.
DON S. FOSTER, S/Sgt.. MD. L. J. SIBBIE, S/Sgt., CE, Crystal Springs, CLIFFORD L. FRY. Sgt., FA, Pavillion.
FRANKLIN J. FOX. S/Srt., Inf, St. Paul, Miss. Wyo.
Minn. DONALD E. SPENCER, S/Sgt., CE, Jack- DEWEY F. GREEN. Sgt., Inf, Key West.
DAVID A. GIPSON, S/Sgt., Inf, Cuyahoga son, Miss. Fla.
Falls, Ohio CLIFTON L. STEWART, S/Sgt., FA. Win- JOHN D. HALE. Sgt., Inf. Isola, Miss.
EONALD A. GREGERSON, S/Sgt., Ord., ter Haven, Fla. MONROE C. HARRIS. Sgt., Inft Dennis.
Iola, Wise. DARRELL J. STRASBAUGH, S/Sgt., MD, Miss.
EDWARD B. GRIFFIN, S/Sgt., Inf. Eu- Fort Myers. Fla. R. L. HAYNES. Sgt., Inf, Serreca, S. C.
pora. Miss. SAMMIE M. SUGGS, S/Sgt, Inf, Aber- CLEVELAND HICKS, Sgt., FA, Andalusia.
RICHARD L. HAIRDAGE. S/Sgt.. FA. deen, Miss. Ala.
Carthage. Miss. LEO W. SWITZER, S/Sgt., CE, Inverness, (P)JUNIOR HILL. Sgt, Inf, Birmingham,
LYLE G. HARVEY. S/Srt., MD. Gas City, Miss. Ala.
Kans. NATHAN W. TEW, S/Sgt.. MD, Dothan, PAUL H. JARVIS, Sgt., FA, New Orleans.
JAMES V. IHNDZRSON. S/Srt., FA. Ala. La.
Castleberry, Ala. ZELIAN C. TURNER, S/Sgt, In.t Cotton- GLYNDON L. JONES. Sgt., Cav.. Troy.
JESSIE O. HENSON, S/Sgt., In!, Malmi, port, La. Ala.
Fla. CARMEN E. WALLER, S/Sgt., FA. De- JACK KLAVER, Sgt.. Cav., Brooklyn,
RHURAL J. HIGGINS, S/Srt., Inf, Wylan. troit, Mich. N. Y.
Ala. JAMES E. WEBB. S/Sgt.. Inf. Rickman. ROBERT C. KORWAN, Sgt., Inf, Rich-
JOE A. HORTON, S/Srt.. FA, Magee. Miss. Tenn. mond Hills, N. Y.
VICTOR E. HUDAK. S/Sgt., Intf Youngs- THOMAS E. WELLES. S/Sgt., Inf, Peters- LEWIS KOSS. Sgt., FA, Mattapan. Mass.
town, Ohio burg, Va. EDWARD C. LEDOUX. Sgt., Inf, Johns-
CECIL V. HUGHES, S/Sgt.. Inf, Birming- JAMES E. WELLS, S/Sgt., Int, Laurel, bury, Vt.
ham, Ala. Miss. PAT H. MANN. Sgt., Cav., Amory, Miss.
ROBERT R. HUNT, S/Sgt., Inf, Nashville CHARLES WILLIAMS, S/Sgt., Inf, Oko- FERDINAND MASUTA. Sgt.. Inf, Garden
Tenn. lona. Miss. City, N. Y.
CHARLES D. JACKSON, S/Sgt.. CE. St. MARION F. WRONA, S/Sgt., Inf, New- TALMADGE E. McANNALLY Sgt., In.t
Joseph, La. castle, Pa. Holcutt, Miss.
WILLIE, L. JONES. S/Sgt.. In, Roanoke JAMES E. YON, S/Sgt.. MD, Athens. Ga. JOHN T. McKELLER. Sgt.. Inf, West
Rapids. N. C. RALPH E. BAKERINK, T/3, MD, Fontan- Hempstead. N. Y.
LEWIS KAPLAN, S/Sgt., Int, Sunflower, elle, Iowa HAYWARD D. MICHELS, Sgt., FA, Water-
Miss. JOHN W. BIERNAT, T/3, MD, Chicago, loo, Iowa
JUSTIN M. KENNEDY. S/Sgt., Inf. Reids- Ill. NOBLE A. MILLER, Sgt., Inf, Chicora,
ville, Ga. ELMER L. EGERDAHL, T/3. FA, Spirit- Pa.
TERRY I. KERVIN, S/Sgt.. FA, Red Level, wood, N. D. MASANORI M. MIYAGISHIMA, Sgt., Inf.
Ala. WARD A. FENTON, T/3, FA, Buffalo, Ogden, Utah
BENJAMIN G. KMETZ, S/Sgt., Inf, Yon- N. DALLAS B. MOODY, sgt., CE. La Grange,
kers, N. Y. WILLIAM H. GAUTT, Jr., T/3. FD, Mag- Ga.
JERRY D. KOUSTOUMBARDIS, S/Sgt.. nolia. Ark. SIDNEY S. MOORE. Sgt., Cav., Alexander
Inf, Dallas. Tex. MATHEW L. HANSON, T/3, MD, AmpFy. City. Ala.
JOHN R. LANG, S/Sgt.. Int, Crystal Wise. HENRY E. MORGAN, Sgt., Inf. McCool.
Springs, Miss. GEORGE R. KNEIFEL. T/3, FA, Morton Miss.
LEONARD T. LARSON, S/Sgt., Inf, Nam- Grove, Ill. HERMAN H. MULLER, Sgt., Inf, Hicks-
pa, Idaho ERNEST L. LEBRUN, T/3, FA. W. War- ville, N. Y.
LEE R. LINDSEY, S/Sgt., Inf. Collis, wick, R. I. OTIS W. MULLINS, Sgt., Inf, Arlington,
Miss. BERTEL A. LUKE. T/3. MD, New Or- Tex.
HENRY T. LORD, S/Sgt., FA, Andalusia, leans. La. WALTER NESBY, Sgt., CE, Philadelphia,
Ala. ROBERT E. MARX, T/3, MD. Hollandale, Pa.
ERNEST W. MARTIN, S/Sgt., Inf, Gun- Miss. JOHN NORMAN, Sgt.. FA, Lithia, Fla.
tersville, Ala. CLARENCE W. McCLAIN, T/3, MD, Sioux STANLEY E. NUTLER, Sgt., Inf, Swandale,
BEE MILLER, S/Sgt., Int, Bonefay, Fla. City, Iowa W. Va..
JOSEPH W. MILSTED S/Sgt.. In,. Biloxi, SHIGEO MIYASHIRO, T/3, Inf. Pahala. PEARY N. ROSE, Sgt., Inf, Dalesville,
Miss. Hawaii Miss.
ROYAL MOLINEAUX, S/Sgt., Inf, West CHARLES H. OGLE T/3, MD, Dunellon, ELLIS E. OWENS. Sgt., Inf. Fyffe, Ala.
POalmBeachFla. S/Fla.
Palm Beach, Fla. JOSEPH E. POTERA. T/3, Inf, Plymoth, RAYeeOND SAMUELS, St.. In, Sum-
CLARENCE H. MOORE, S/Sgt., In, Bel- Pa.Va.
mont MO gD G. PUSICH. T/3, MD, Fresno, ALFRED M. SANTOLI, Sgt., Inf, Los
RICHARD G. PUSICH, T/3, MD, Fresno, Angeles. Calif.
META A. MOORE, S/Sgt., MD, Jackson Calif.
Springs, N.C. BAILEY M. SANTA CRUZ, T/3, FD AURMON E. SATTAZAHN. Sgt.. Inf, Leb-
RAYMOND C. NATH, S/Sgt., FA, Eldridge, Gulfport, Miss. anon. Pa.
Iowa LOUIS STERN, T/3. MD, Brooklyn, N.Y. JOHN T. SAULS. Sgt., Int, Marietta, Ga.
ULOUIS STERN, T/3, MDt Brooklyn, N. Y.
VIRGIL O. NELSON, S/Sgt., Inf, Hilliard, EDWARD T. TOURNEY, T/3, FA, Polland RIC RD L. SEUTER, Sgt., In, Rienzi,
Fla. Ore.
EARL T. NORTH, S/Sgt., Inf, Algiers JOHN A. WEAVER, T/3, MD, Dozier, FRANCIS G. SMITH. Sgt., Inf, St. Louis.
La. Ala. Mo.
JAMES D. PAYNE, S/Sgt., Int, Greens- TATSUO R. YAMANE, T/3. Inf, Tule JOHN A. SMITH. Sgt.. PA, Dewitt, Ark.
boro, Ala. Lake, Calif. KENNETH R. THOMPSON, Sgt., Int,
MARVIN C. PELTON, S/Sgt., Inf, Waco, ELMER D. ACKER, Sgt., Inf., Phlladel- Eseanaba, Mich.
Tex. phia. Pa. LESTER B. VINCENT, Sgt., Inf, Alpine.
MIKE J. PIETROWSKI, S/Sgt., Int. Cleve- ROBERT E. ALTMAN, Sgt., FA, Los Ala.
land, Ohio Angeles, Calif. ROBERT T. White, SEt., Inf, Purchase,
EDWARD PIETRZYK, S/Sgt.. Int, Chica- PEYTON R. ASKEW, Sgt., MP, Memphis, N. J.
go, I. Tenn. HOWARD J. APPEL, T/4, MD, Wellington,
go, Ill. Calit.
JOHN J. PLASHA, S/Sgt., In, Kingston, J. C. BROWN. Sgt., Inf, Pontotoc. Miss. JAMES A. BANKS. T/4. Sig C., Mobile,
W. Va. GEORGE C. CARRIGAN, Sgt., Inf, Lan- Ala.
RALPH I. PRIOR. S/Sgt., Int, Council caster, Pa. THEODORE S. BOMAN, T/4 FA, Gross-
Bluffs, Iowa C. E. CARVER, Sgt, Inf, Tate, Ga. ville. Tenn.


184













RICHARD H. BOTELER. Jr., T/4, MD, JOHN F. FATKIN, Cpl., MP. Frostburg, HENRY HARRER, T/5, MI), Baltimore,
Laurel, Miss. Md. Md.
DOUGLAS E. BROWNING, T/4, FA, Lau- CONSTANTINO U. FERNANDEZ. Cpl. ALFRED B. HILL, Jr., T/5, MD, Water
rium, Mich. FA. Tampa, Fla. Valley, Miss.
C. L. COLLINS, T/4. MD, Monroe, La. LEON M. FOGLESONG, Cpl, FA, Bronson, MELVIN T. HODGE, T/5. MD, Livingston
CLARK A.CONGDO T/4, A Shenec- Mich. Manor, N. Y.
CLARK A.ONDON T/, FA Schenec CARL W. FOSTER Cpl. FA, Sebring. ANTHONY J. HOGGART, T/5, Cav., Vicks-
tady; N. *D Fla. burg, Miss.
GEORGE C. DURHAM, T/4 In riars EDWARD W. GATES, Cpl., FA, Key West, *ORVILLE R. KING, T/5, MD. Knoxville,
Point, Miss. Fla. Tenn.
LESTER L. DURST, T/4, Cav, Lincoln, 111. ERNEST A. HANDWERK, Cpl., MD, Em- WALTER J. KNIGHT. T/5, MD, Opelika,
EUGENE R. EDMOND, T/4, Inf, Foley, Ala. maus, Pa. Ala.
JAMES H. EDWARDS, T/4, MD, Hollan- NORMAL L. HARMAN, Cpl, Int, Me- JAMES D. LATSIS, T/5, Inf, Medvale,
dale, Miss. Sherrystown, Pa. Wash.
DENVER FROST, T/4, MD, Morningview, *FERNANDO W. HERSMAN, Jr., Cpl., MD, JAMES W. LAWYER, T/5, MD, Cudahy.
Ky. Cincinnati, Ohio Wise.
IRVING GILBERT, T/4, MD, Brooklyn, STANLEY R. HUTCHINSON. Cpl. FA. DONALD LeQUIRE, T/5, Inf. New Haven,
N. Y. Bainbridge, N. Y. Conn.
JOSEPH J. GOGENOLA, T/4, FA, Jerome, MAYNARD L. KLINGSIECK, Cpl, MD, LONNIE L. LOGAN, T/5, CE, Greenwood.
Idaho. Hope, Kans. Miss.
LLOYD A. HOGAN. T/4. Int, Java Village, EVERETT C. KNOBLOCH, Cpl, MD, JOSEPH A. MALKOSKI, T/5, Inf, Kulp-
N. Y. Flushing; N. Y. mont, Pa.
(P) EDWARD D. JACKSON, T/4, Inf. JAMES F. LISA, Cpl., FA, Carona, N. Y. DANIEL J. McCARTHY. T/5. Sig. C.
Sardis, Miss. THOMAS W. LOFTON, Jr., Cpl. FA, Watertown. Mass.
MEAGOR M. JOHNSTON T/4, Inf. Yazoo Jacksonville, Fla. DONALD W. McCUISH, T/5, MD, Glouces-
City, Miss. ARDELL McNEAL. Cpl, Inf. Blue Moun- ter, Mass.
JOHN R. KAIN, T/4, Inf. Minneapolis, tain. Ala. BURDETTE A. McNAUGHTON, T/5, MD,
Minn. CLAY A. ORSEURN. Cpl. FA, Lake Sioux City, Iowa .
EDWIN M. LANE, T/4, Int, St. Paul. Wales, FlS. STEWART J. McWILLIAMS. T/5. MD. East
Minn. HAROLD R. PERRY, Cpl, FA, Jefferson, Leioy. Mich.
CARL A. LARSON, T/4, Ord. Dept., Sand- S. Dak. ALBERT E. MITCHELL, T/5, FA, Winona,
stone. Minn. JAMES F. RICHARDSON. Cpl., Inf, Ac- Miss.
RICHARD H LEE, T/4, Inf, East Point, kerman, Miss. *GUY MOODY- T/5, FA, Dozier. Ala.
Ga. MARVIN G. ROBERTSON, CpL, FA, Tus- LOUIS J. MORAMARCO, T/5, MD, Long
FRANK E. LEVAN, T/4, MD, Dora. Ala. caloosa, Ala. Island, N. Y.
JOSEPH A. MALONE, T/4, Sig. C., Patter- GEORGE J. SUDDES. Cpl. Int, Spring- FRANCIS K. MORDEN, T/5, Rockwood,
son, N. J. field. I1. Mich.
JOHN E. McLEOD, T/4, FA, Schenectady, BENJAMIN W. TICE, Cpl., FA, Tampa, HOWARD L. MORSE. T/., MD, Excelsior,
N. Y. Fla. springs. Mo.
JOSEPH F. McNAMARA, T/4, Cav., Scran- FRED TUDESCO, Cpl., FA, Sparkhill, MILTON M. MORTON, T/5, Inf, Christi-
ton, Pa. N. Y. ana, Tenn.
GUSTAVE, MIRRA, T/4, MD, Mamaro- DAVID S. UNDERWOOD, Cpl., FA, Trinity, HENRY J. OTTO, T/5. CE. Valley Stream.
neck. N. Y. N. C. N. Y;
SAMUEL MORE, Sgt., Int, Elmhurst, ELMER J. URBANYI, Cpl., MD, Toledo, ROBERT A. RUSSELL, Jr., T/5, CE,
N. Y. Ohio. Custer City, Pa.
CLIFFORD L. MORSE, T/4, FA, Leonard. ALOMLO M. VILLAREAL, Cpl., Int, San GREELY B. SAULS, T/5, MD, Woodbury,
N. Dak. Antonio. Tex. lenn.
JOHN C. NESTER. T/4, Int, Shiremans- WALTER E. WALDMAN, Cpl., Int, Colum- L. K. SIMPSON, T/5. Inf. Waxahachie.
town. Pa. bus, Nebr. Tex.
JOSEPH N. NORKUS, T/4, MD, Chicago. FRANCIS A. YARBROUGH. Cpl., Inf, ELMER E. SMITH, T/5, Inf, Ruszelvil:e,
Ill. Rusk. Tex. Ala.
JOHN J. O'CONNER, T/4, MD, Kidder, ERNEST L. ABNEY, T/5, MD, San Fran- JOHN M. SMITH, T/5, FA, Brooklyn,
Mo. cisco, Calif. N. Y.
ALEXANDER B. PRUITT, T/4, Inf, Flor- WILLIAM O. BALLENTINE, T/5, FA, GLENN G. STOUT, T/5, MD, Butler,
ence, S. C. Nashville, Tenn. Tenn.
JAMES H. Q'GURYNN, T/4, Inf, Grand ANDREW H. BASKIN, T/5, CE, Noxapter, JOSEPH VALAZAK. T/5. Cav., Hellwood,
Bay, Ala. Miss. Pa.
JOHN W. ROBERTS, T/4. Inf, New Bed- ERNEST L. BENNETT, T/5, MD, Porter- WILBERT G. VEIT, T/5, MD, Ardmore,
ford. Mass. dale, Ga. Pa.
JOHN L. SALVATORE, T/4, Inf, Highland, RICHARD E. BILLS, T/5, FA, Boston. CECIL WEEMS, T/5, FA, Lexington, Miss.
N. Y. Pa. MICHAEL H. WEIR, T/5, MD, Baltimore,
WAYNE S. SCHRUNK, T/4. FA, Fargo. MELVIN C. BOREN, T/5, FA, Dorsey, Md.
N. Dak. Miss. CHARLES D. WHITFIELD, T/5, FA, Moul-
JACK E. SEIBERT, T/4. MD, Dayton, HERBERT E. BOYD. T/5, CE, Boyle. tr.e, Ga.
Ohio Miss. WILLIAM H. WILKINS, T/5. MD, Bronson,
THOMAS B. SHARP. T/4, Inf. Gadsden. SAMUEL R. BRANSCOM, T/5, FA, Ray, Mich.
Ala. Ohio FREDERICK C. WILLIAMS, T/5, FA,
HOWARD L. SHERER, T/4, FA, Jasper, HAROLD A. BREJCHA, T/5, MD, Gaylord, Grandville, N. Y.
Ala. Kans. ERNEST A. WILSON, T/5, MD, B:anstown.
RUESSELL B. TAYLOR, T/4, MD, Fort *PAUL B. BROOME. T/5, MD, Hatties- Mo.
Ann, N. Y. burg, Miss. HERBERT E. WRIGHT. T/5, Cav., Alma,
HENRY C. TICE, Jr., T/4. FA, Tampa, GILBERT L. CAMPBELL, T/5, MD, Gre- Mich.
Fla. nada, Miss. RICHARD D. WUENSCHEL. T/5, FA, Erie,
LANCE B. TOMPKINS, T/4, MD, Russel- LEONARD T. CENTEK, T/5, MD, Almena. Pa.
ville, Ala. Kans. HARRY L. ADAMS, Pfc., Inf., Finley.
FRANK A. TURNER, T/4, MD, Heflin. MYRON H. CLEMONS, T/5, FA, Lake Pa.
Ala. Wales. Fla. RANaON L. ADAMS, Pic., Inf., Green-
FRANS R. VAN WEEL, T/4. FA, Roslyn. COLLISTER H. CORKISH, T/5, MD, Con- wocd. Miss.
N. Y. coid, N. H. ARTHUR W. ANDERSON, Pfc., Inf., Chi-
EDWIN S. WILSON, T/4, Sig. C., Oakwood, DOMINIC COTRONEO. T/5, Inf. Brooklyn, cago, Ill.
Miss. N. Y. (P)HAROLD K. ANTHONY, Pfc., Inf,
MARION H. WRIGHT, T/4, MD, Sanford. CHARLES T. DAVIS, T/5, MD, Miami, .Ilushlng. L. I.. N. Y.
Fla. Fla. CHARLES J. BAKOS, Pfc., Inf., Winthrop,
LOUIS ABDELNOUR, Cpl., FA. Detroit, HOWARD W. DOYLE. Jr., T/5. MD, An- Miss.
Mich. gola, N. Y. WALTER S. BARDAY, Pce., Inf, South
A. G. BLACK, Jr., Cpl., MD McLaln, ROBERT C. FARMER, T/5, FA, Oxford, Portland. Me.
Miss. Mich. JOHN E. BARNES. Pc.. FA. Cottage Hill,
GALE L. BOYD, Cpl., FA, Yuba City, FRANK W. FARRELL, T/5, Inf, Spring- Fla.
Calif. wood. Va. LAWRENCE R. BAYLOR, Pie.. nt, Apollo,
ROBERT B. CARROLL, Cpl., FA, Durant. ARTHUR L. FLEMING, T/5, FA, Spartan- LA FENCE R. BAYLOR, P, Inf Apollo
Miss, burg. S. C.
VERN J. CRANDALL, Jr., Cpl., FA, Mar- GERALD L. FRIED, T/5, MD, Glenn JOHN W. BEAL, Pfc., CE, East St. Louis.
shall. Mich. Allen, Miss.
HARVEY A. DEAS, Cpl., FA, Opelika, STEPHEN G. FROMEL, T/5, FA. Yonker, JESSE L. BENTLEY, Pfc., Int, Horton,
Ala. N. Y. Ala.
VERNON L. DUNN, Cpl., FA, Trevillans, CHARLES R. GRIFFIN. T/5, Inf. Upper GRAHAM BINGHAM, Pfc., Inf. Gorham.
Va. Marlboro, Md. Ala.


185














WILLIE E. BLAYLOCK. Pf., Inf. Bates- WAYNE B. FISHER. Pic., In, Meadow FLOYD C. LOWERY, Pfc., Inf, Brunswick.
ille, Miss. Grove, Nebr. Md.
BENJAMIN H. BODINE, Pfc.. Inf, Kelso, HOYT J. FLEMING, Pfc.. FA, Lake JACK W. MAGEE, Pfe., Inf. Pasadena.
Wash. Alfred, Fla. Tex.
HENRY T. BORN, Pfie., CE, Chicago, Il. KERMIT FOLES, Plc., MD, Prentis, Miss. ANTHONY J. MAJKUT, Pic., In, Webster.
GEORGE E. BOTTS, Pfc.. Inf, Valley, OREM W. FOREHAND, Pie., Inf, Three Mass.
enn. Rivers, Tex. MAX MAKAREWICK, Pfie., FA, Willis.
WILBUR 0. BOUKNIGHT, Pc., Inf, New- ALEX FORRAY, Jr., Pic., MP, South Mich.
berry, S. C. Bend, Ind. LOTUS L. MANN, Pfie., CE. Ponca City,
LLOYD J. BRAVE. Pfc., CE, Rapid City, CHARLES A. FOSTER, Pfc., Inf, Bovey, Okla.
S. D. Wise. HARVEY G. MASON, Pfc., FA. Poccasset,
MELVIN R. BREWER. Pfc., Inf, Dunn ROGER W. OX Pfc., MD Alpharetta Oka.occasset
N. C. Ga. DOMINIC A. MAURONE. Pfc., Inf, River-
CHARLES P. BRICKER, Pfc.. Int, Glas- MEREL C. FREIMAN. Pfc.. Inf. Madison. side, N. J.
gow, Pa. Wise. THOMAS J. McLAUGHLIN, Pfc., MD.
FREAS B. BRITTINGHAM, Pce., MD. EDWARD A. FRENCH. Pie., Inft Port Sel:eville, N. J.
Independence, Mo. Huron, Mich. JOHN J. McQUAID. Pfe.. Int, Bridgeport.
J. C. BROOKS, Pfc., Int. Gastonia. N. C. JAMES W. FRENCH. Pfc., Inf, Blytheville, Pa.
JOHN J. BROSKY. Pifc., Inf. Bronx, N. Y. Ark. EUGENE A. METZINGER Pfie., Int, St.
CARL A. BROWN, Pfc., MD, Memphis, DONALD V. FUFE, Pfc., MD, Somerville, Joseph, Mo.
Tenn. Mass. PAUL J. MILLER, Pie., Ino, Dayton,
TEOY P. BROWN. Pfc., Rochester, Tex. MAXWELL P. T. GEHRIG, Pfc., MD, Ohio
GRANT J. BULTMAN, Pfc.. MD, New Brooklyn, N. Y. JESSE P. MILSAP Pfc.. Inf, Fayetteville.
Orleans, La. JOSEPH GONSALVES, Pie., MD, Oakland. Ark.
GEORGE H. BURGESS, Pie.. Inf, Georges Calif. WARNER MILTON, Pfc., Inf, Memphis.
Creek, Ky. WALDO R. HALL, Pfc., Inf. Letonia, Tenn.
LLOYD L. CAIN. Pfc., Inft, Quinton, Ohio JOHN H. MIRAGLIA, Jr., Pfcie., Inf, Pitts-
Okla. GEORGE W. HALLOCK. Pfe., Inf, Oak- field, Mass.
JAMES S. CAMPBELL, Pfc., Inf, Manitou. ville, Conn. EARL E. MOEN, Pfc., Inf, Wright, Minn.
FOREST L. CARPENTER Pc. Inf, Ash- N ansng WILLIAM H. MOORE, Jr., MP, Burghill.
Ohio
land, Ala. J. STANFORD HAYS, Pfcie., Inft, La Porte, JOSEPH i. MORAN, P., MD, Scranton.
FRED A. CARTER, Pfc., MD, Knoxville. JInd JOSEPH M. MORAP. Pfe.. MD, Scranton.
Tenn. JESSE C. HIERS, Pfc., Inf, Ehrhardt,, New Albany
JAMES B. CARTER. Pfc., MD, Gladys, S- C. HARVEY, MYERS. Pfc.. Int, New Albany,
MKyB. CA.RRL. HILLC PM., G y Arlee Miss.
BART L. HILL. Pi., Are Ala. BENJAMIN NECKIN, Pfc., MD, New York
LUDIE J. CARTER, Pfc., Inf, Grand PAUL J. HODS. Pie., Inf, Johnstown, City. N. Y.
Saline, Tex. Pa.CECIL T. NELSON. Pi.. In. Ensley Ala.
WALLACE R. CARTER, Pfc., Inf. Lone DAVID H. HOLEMAN, Jr. Pfc., Int CECIL T. NELSON, Pfc.. Inf. Ensle. Ala.
Oak, Tex. JAMES F. lTYGENT. Jr., Pfc.. In!, Long
Blzckhawk, Miss.
REYNALDO S. CASAREZ. Pce.. FA, Kene- LEWT7 E. HOWARD, Pc., Cav., Atlanta, Is:and, NU. Ye. nt. N
dy, Tex. Ala. EUGENE NUEL, Pfc.. Inf, Trenton, N. J.
ARNOLD A. CEMBALEST, Pfc., MD, WOODROW HUMPHREY, Pfc., PA, Jack- EMIL OLASIN, Pfc., Inf, Lodi, N. J.
Lawrence, N. Y. sonvil!e, N. C. JOSEPW J. O'REILLY. Pfc. Inft, Clifton
MARIO CERONE. Pfc., MD. Elmhurst, RAMSEY S. HURT. Pfc., Int, Ripley, Heights. La.
L. I., N. Y. Miss DONALD L. OSTRANDER Pfc., Inf, Uleta,
GEORGE N. CHEATWOOD, Pfe.. Inf. (P)MARVIN L. HUYCK. Pfc.. FA, Detroit, L a.
Fruithurst, Ala. Mich. ARTIS L. OWENS, Pie.. Int, Purvis,
JAMES E. CHESTNUT, Pfe.. MD, Bloom- EDWARD C. JANSSEN. Pfc., Inf, St. Paul, Miss.
ington, Ind. Minn. WILLIAM A. PAGE, Pfc., MD, New
LAWRENCE R. CHIAPUZIO. Pfc.. Inf, (P)BEN JARRELL, Pfc.. Inf, Dana. Ky. Philade:phia. Pa.
W urley, WisK CHILDRESSEDMUND J. JOWORSKI, Pic., Intf Phila- BENSON V. PARISI, Pfc., FA, Brooklyn,
WILLIAM K. CHILDRESS, Pic., Inf, Den- delphia, Pa. N. Y.
TverH ColA. JOSEPH A. JENCIK, Pfc.. Inf. McKees R. D. PEACOCK, Pfc.. MD. Westville.
THOMAS W. CHOATE. Pie., Inf, Jacks- Rock, Pa. Fla.
FRE Te. TIAN, Pc., In older BYRON JOHNSON, Pfc., Inf, Leominster. BURL S. PERKINS. Pfc., MD, Shouns,
FRED A. CHRISTIAN, Pic., Inf, Roder- Ma:s. Tenn.
MELd, W. Va. c. Inf SEWELL F. JOHNSON, Pfc., MD. Gibson JOSEPH N. PETERS. Pfc: Inf; Sarasota.
MELVIN W. CLARK, Pie., Inf, Iuka, Station, Va. Fla.

MED R. JOHN F. JONES. Pfe. Inf. Highland, CARL C. PETERSON, Pfc., Inf. Minn-
EDWARD E. COBB, Pfc., Inf, Huntsville, N. Y. eapolis, Minn.
(P)OHN J. CONDON P., Inf Yonk TILMAN E. JONES, P., MP, Mountain CHARLES G. PICKERING, Pfc., FA, Val-
(P)JOHN J. CONDON. Pfc., Inf Yonkers. View, Mo. cley Stream. N. Y.
ART L. COOK, Pf.. In La orte ROBERT N. JUMP. Pfe.. Inf, Bimghamton, ELTON B. PICKETT, Pfc., Cav.. Smithdale.
ARTHUR L. COOK, Pie., Inf, La Porte, N. Y. Miss.
ROS. OTTENLEWIS B. KELLEY Pfc., MD, Tipton, WALTER J. PITTMAX, Pfc. Inf, Autauga-
ROSEL M. COTTEN, Pfc., MD, Bakers- Okla. vi:le. Ala.
WILI COURCIER, Pf.. In Gris- ROBERT J. KOEPPEN, Pie., Inf, Gowanda. VINCENT POMA. Pfc., Inf. Sagenaw.
WILLIAM E. COURCIER, Pfc.. Inf. Gris- N. Y. Mich.
weld, Iowa JOHN J. KOZEMKO, Pfc., Inf, Wilkes THOMAS REGORRAH, Pfc., Int, Detroit,
CHARLES J. CUCCIA, Pfc., MD, Madison, Barre, Pa. Mich.
WJOHNis. CU Pf, Ord. HENRY GEORGE T. KRANOCK, Pfc.. Inf. CLUDE D. RICE, Pfc., Inf. Winchester.
JOHN K. CULVER, Pfc., Ord. Dept.. Olcan, N. Y. Ky.
Middleton, N. Y. CHARLIE T. RIVERS, Pie.. Ino, Decatur.
JERRY DAMORA. Pfc.. FA, Kearney, HENY O. KUGLER, Jr., Pfc.. Int. Cross HAlaIE T. IVERS In et
N. Y. Timbers, Mo.
JOHN C. DARCY, Pfc., MD, Boston. JAMES H. LAVECCHIA, Pfc., Inf, Lynd- JAMs. ROACH, Pfc. Inf Bradley.
Mass. Mhurst, N, J.
Mass. hurst, N. WILLIAM S. ROBERTSON, Pfc., Inf.
(P)JOHN DELLAROBBA Pfc Inf, Cliff DAN G. LEBAKOS, Pfc., Inf, San Ansemo, Bcothwynn, Pa.
Side Park, N. J Calif. CARL A. ROWMPAGEL, Pfc.. MD, La
HARRY H. DENGEL, Pic., Inf, Lansdowne, JOHN LEE, Pic.. Inf. North Braddock, Porte, Ind.
Pa. Pa. ROBERT RUIZ. Pfc., FA,'Nursary, Tex.
J. D. DODD Pie., nf, Redding, Calif. BARNEY LESTER, Pfc., Inf, Majestic, FELIX A. SARMIENTO. Pfc., Inf, Sonora.
LEROY J. DOUGLAS, Pfc., MD, New Ky. Mex.
Orleans U La. GEORGE L. LEWIS, Pfc., MD. Brooklyn, RICHARD R. SARRAULT, Pfc., Inf, She-
DONAL J. DUSSEAU, Pfc., Inf. Monroe, N. Y. boygan, Mich.
Mich. (P)ERNEST M. LITTLE, Pfc.. Inf, Hughes, ARTHUR G. SCHATZ. Pfc., MD, Newark.
MINOR D. DUVAL, Pfc., FA, San Ber- Ark. N. J.
nardino. Calif. WILLIAM C. LOGAN. Pfc., MD, Drew, THOMAS J. SCHIRALLI. Pfc., Inf, Lyn-
MELVIN J. EIDE, Pfc., MD, Boise, Idaho Miss. brook, N. Y.
JOHN F. ELLIS, Pfc., Inf, Mahanoy City. VICTOR G. LOLLAR, Pfc. Inf, North SARGENT T. SCHIVER, Pfc. Inf. Moultrie,
Pa. Port, Ala. Ga.
DEEPER L. FICKES. Pfc., Inf. Newvile, (P)WILLIAM M. LONGMAN, Inf. Baldwin, ROBERT SCHMID, Pfc., MD. Chicago,
Pa. N. Y. Ill.
CHARLES H. FISHER Pfc., MD, Cohoes, DELBERT R. LOWERY. Pfc., Cav.. McFall, CHARLES H. SCOTT, Pfc., Inf, Spur, Tex.
La. Mo. REID O. SCOTT, Pfc., Inf, Imperial, Pa.


186


























JOHN T. SCULLY, Pfc., Inf. Brighton. BERTON E. SUTTON, Pfc., FA. Bellaire, CLIFFORD V. WILLIAMS. Pfc., MD.
Mass. Mich. Tampa, Fla.
(P)MARVIN J. SHELDON, Pfc., Inf, Tem- JOHN SWATKOWSKI, Pic.. Inf. Olyphant, ORLAN V. WILSON, Pfc.. Inf, Florence,
perance, Mich. Pa. Ala.
LEBULON W. SHEPE, Pfc, FA, Prentlse, LEON T. SWEETER, Pfe., FA, Albion, RAYMOND D. WILSON, Pfc., CE, Sturgis,
N. C. Mich. Miss.
EUGENE SIELEY, Pic., Inf. Chase, Md. GEORGIA A. TUCKER, Pfe., Inf. Steel, WILLIAM I. WILSON, Pfc., Inf, Tou-
MAYNARD L. SILVA, Pfc., Inf, Lemoore. Mo. humne. Calif.
Calif. NORMAN B. TAUBERG, Pfc., Inf, Pitts- FRANK E. Witherspoon, Pfc., Jackson,
BONNIE, D. SIMS, Pfc.. MID. Greenbrier, burg, Pa. Tenn.
Ark. SAMUEL J. TINDEN, Pic., MD, Locust HAROLD YOUNG, Pfc., Inf. Hol:and,
ELDRED I. SIMS, Pie., Inf, Irondale. VaScy, N. Y. Chio
Ala. EUGENE C. TINSLEY, Pfc., Inf., Oly- IVY YOUNG, Pfc., Inf. Pontotoc. Miss.
WAYNE R. SLAGLE, Pic.. MD. Taylor- phant, Pa. EDGAR BADGETT, Pvt., Inf, Atalla. Ala.
viLe, I1l. JOSEPH G. TOMLINSON, Pfc., Inf. Phila- CHARLES T. BAILEY, Pvt., Inf, Birming-
EARL L. SLATE, Pfc., Inf, Petersburg, delphia. Pa. ham, Ala.
Va. LEROY C. TUOMELA, Pfc., Inf. Ishpen- EDWIN I. Baird. Pvt., Inf. Be!lmead,
KERMIT G. SMART, Pfc., MD, North ing, Mich. Tex.
Tazwill. Va. NED T. VANLANDINGHAM, Pfc., MD, CARSON F. CHILDERS, Pvt., Inf, Vicks-
CHESTER M. SMITH, Pfc., Inf, Trion, Palmetto, Fla. burg, Miss.
Ga. FRED C. VARGAS. Pfc., Inf, Lamar, JOHN P. COLLINS, Pvt., MD, Liberal,
RAYMOND V. SMITH, Pfc., Inf, Carroll- Calif. Kans.
ton. Miss. NICHOLAS C. VASILE, Pic., Inf. Brook- WALTER E. HANSON, Pvt., Int, Los
ROY W. SNIPES. Pfc., Inf, Kannapolis, lyn, N. Y. Angeles, Calif.
N. C. ROBERT E. VOSS, Pfc., MD, St. Louis, JAMES A. HOGGLE, Pvt., Int. Tusca-
WALTER SOKEL, Pfe., MD. East Chatan. Mo. loora, Ala.
N. Y. STEVE WAGNER. Pfc., Inf, Cleveland. THOMAS W. JACKSON, Pvt., MD, Long-
EVERETT H. SOUTHLAND. Pfe., FA, San Ohio hurst. N. C.
Bernardino. Calif. WILBUR L. WALKER, Pfc., FA, Princeton. (P)HENRY D. LOWERY, Pvt., Inf, Okmul-
HENRY C. SPRAGGINS, Pic., Inf, Alpine, Wise. ges, Okla.
Ala. BOYD L. WALLING, Pfc., Inf. Los Angeles, IRVING R. MENDELSON Pvt., MD,
LEO C. STABILE, Pfie., MD, Brooklyn, Calif. Brooklyn. N. Y.
N. Y. DELMAR L. WEBB, Pfc.. MD, Webbville, CHARLES L. NIXON, Pvt., FA, Tampa.
HELMUTH N. STRACKE, Pic., FA, Hunt- W y. FBa.
ington, L. T, N. Pc H WILLIM WEDGEWOOD Pfe., MD. LUDWIG M. SEELIG, Pvt.. Inf, Baltimore,
Welch, W. Va. Md.
ORLANO In. STILES, P., Inf, Terre STANLEY WEGRZYNOWSKI, Pfe., Inf. CHARLES M. SHAVER, Pvt.. Inf, Sandy-
Haute. Ind. Camden, N. J. vIl:e. W. Va.
RALPH H. STUCKEY, Pfc., Inf, Everett, HUBERT J. WEST, Pfc., Inf. Albert. TURNER Pvt. In Whitney, Tex.
Pa. Canada TOM TURNER. Pvt.. Inf, Whitney, Tex.
EDWARD G. SULLIVAN, Pic., Inf, Atlan- HERMAN L. HIDDEN, Pfc., MD, Lake DIETRICH E. VON BOTHER. Pvt., Inf.
ta, Ga.. City. Fla. Eisepach, Germany.
*EUGENE O. SULLIVAN, Pic., Int. Nettle- FRANK R. WICE. Plc., Inf, Chicago, MILTON M. WEINER, Pvt. Int. Brooklyn.
ton, Miss. Ill. N. Y.
CHARLES A. SUMMERS, Pfe., MD, New (P) J. D. WIGGER. Pfe., Inf. Greensboro. 'WILLIAM H. WILCOX, Pvt., Inf. Hot
Market. Md. Ala. Springs, S. D.












KILLED In ACTIOn OR DIED OF WOUDS


AITAPE (AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA)
ATKINSON, Ray, T/Sgt HIMLER, Robert F., Sgt QUAIL, Peter D., Pvt
BAGA, Pete J., Pfe HUYCK, Marvin L., Pfc RAKESTRAW, L. C., Pfc
BAILEY, James, Pfc INGRAM, Prentiss C., Sgt RHODES, Eugene E., Pfe
BLANTON, Scott R., 2d Lt JACKSON, Edward D., T/4 RICHARDSON, Johnnie M., Pvt
BURCH, Eugene H., Pvt JANICK, Stanley J., Pfc RODRIGUEZ, Robert, Pfe
BUTLER, Oliver D., S/Sgt JOHNSON, Willard T., Pfc ROSA, Eston, Pfc
CASPERSEN, Edward J., Pfc JONES, Wesley B., Pfc RUOTOLO, George J., Pvt
CELLES, George L., Jr., Capt KELLY, Erskin L., Pfc SLAZWEDEL, Vernon A., Pfc
COLBATH, Francis W., Pfc KEMP, Thomas E., Sgt SANDLER, George E., Pvt
CRAY, Calvin W., Pfc. KILGORE, Ellis D., Ti5 SCOTT, John D., Pvt
CRUMBLEY, Woodrow L., T/Sgt LIPSCOMB, Wade R., Pfc SEARFY, Harold P., Pfc
DATTOLO, Sam D., Pfc LITTLE, Ernest N., Pvt SERCA, Frank W., Pfc
DAVIS, Stephan H., Pfc LOWE, Samuel A., Pfc SHELDON, Marvin J., Pfc
DELLAROBBA, John, Pfc MATTHEWS, James P., Cpl SNODGRASS, Robert T., Pfc
DIAZ, Edward C., Pfc MATTSON, Allison B., Pfc STAND, Frank, Pvt
DIAZ, Raymon C., Pvt MEDLIN, Austin J., Pfc SUHRBIER, Leo K., Pfc
DUKE, Bates G., Sgt MILLS, Homer R., T/5 TARTAKOFF, Ira I., Pfc
ELTISTE, Herman A., Jr., S/Sgt MINY, Earl O., Jr., Pvt TASMAN, Donald R., S/Sgt
FERRERA, Albert, Pfc MOORE, Harold D., S/Sgt TAYLOR, Tom M., Pfc
FLEMING, Edward P., Pfc MULGANNON, Robert E., Pfc TOWNSEND, Leslie D., Pfc
FRANKS, John D., Jr., Pvt. MULLINS, Vaultie C., Pfc URROSKI, Bennie F., Pfc
GAONA, Eugene L., Pfc McFERRIN, Raymond E., Pfe VINANSKY, John, Pvt
GILLEN, James A., Sgt McLEMORE, Frank, S!Sgt WALKER, Donald E., Pfc.
GILLEY, Lee R., S/Sgt McMAHON, Matthew, Jr., T/4 WELLINGTON, Byron K., Pfc
GODBOLD, Harold, Pfc OAKSFORD, Howard M., Pfc WEST, Ray H., Cpl
GOOLSBY, Howard D., S/Sgt OLSEN, Arne M., Pfc WHITE, William S., Pvt
GRISDELL, Ernest L., Pfc O'NEAL, Raymon E., Pvt WHITT, Herald M., S/Sgt
HAGEN, Carl G., Pvt O'QUAIN, Wilford, Pvt WILLIAMS Frank S., Pfc
HALES, Ottis L., S/Sgt OUIMETTE, Edward J., S/Sgt WILLIAMSON, Frank S., T/5
HEMPHILL, Albert L., Sgt PEACOCK, Robert, Sgt WINDGRADSKI, Chester, Pfc
HENDRICKSON, Edward A., Pfc PEHRSSON, Henry J., Pfc WOODALL, James B., S/Sgt
HIIPAKKA, Swante W., Pfc PHELPS, Maynard W., S/Sgt ZELDIN, Charles, Pvt
PRINCE, Jesse G., Pfc

WAKDE-SARMI AREA (MAFFIN BAY, DUTCH NEW GUINEA)
AMMON, Roy L., Pfc HOWARD, James E., Pfc REIDY, George E., Pfe
ASSANTE, Anthony, Pvt HOWELL, Austin M., Pfc RILEY, Eugene, Pvt
BERI, John, Pfc KEENER, Harold M., Pfc RILEY, Mark, T/Sgt,
BLACKBURN, Virgil A., Pvt. LEWIS, Chester E., Pfc ROGERS, John W., Jr., Pfc
BRANNON, John D., Pfc MINTZ, Ernest E., T/4 SPROLES, Quinton E., Pfc
CARROLL, Theodore R., Pfc MOSER, Louis G., Pfc SWORDS, S. D., Pfc
FORD, Ernest, T/4 OSBORNE, Edwin P., Sgt SZYMANSKI, John R., Pfc
FUTCH, Earl B., Pvt PAPP, Michael J., Pfc TRACY, Burton M., Pvt
HORTON, James, Pfc PEASE, Thomas A., Pfc TRAUTWEIN, William M., Pfc
MISSING IN ACTION
TRUHEL, Joseph A., Pfc

3











MOROTAI ISLAND CAMPAIGN NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES
AINSWORTH, Paul R., Pfc EAST, George T., 2nd Lt MONTGOMERY, Francis L., Pvt
ANDERSON, James V., Pfc ECONOMOU, Columbus E., Pfc NAIL, Hardy F., Pfc
ATWATER, Early Y., Pfc GOODWIN, Derrick W., Pvt NEAL, Max L., Pfc
BARNETT, James M., Pfc GRAHAM, Jack C., Pfc OLSON, Doran W., Pfc
BENNETT, Archibald J., Pfc GRIFFIN, George Y., Pfc OYLER, William D., Pfc
BLACK, Raymond T., Pfc HAMPTON, Willie B., Pfc PAUL, Joseph R., Jr., Pfc
BLACKLEY, Ben, Pfc HAKY, Nogi H., Pfc PERDSKI, Nicholas, Pfe
BOCCELLI, Joseph J., Pfc HENDRICKS, Gerald J., Pvt PETLICKI, Josepih C.. 2nd Lt
BOWEN, Jesse C., Pfc HERRINGTON, Nolan, Pvt PHARES, Ottis C., T/5
BOX, Lee H., S/Sgt HERT, William J., Pfc PILGREEN, John E., T/Sgt
BREAM, Guy L., Pvt HOBDY, Floyd D., T/4 REYNOLDS, Ollie C., Pfc
BYRD, Junie, Pfc INGHRAM, George A., Jr., Pfc ROBERTSON, James O., Pvt
CARLSON, Lawrence, Sgt INGRAM, Robert H., Sgt SARIDAKIS, Tony, Pfc
CARR, Jimmie H., Pfc KOPP, Howell S., Capt SMITH, Raymond W., Sgt
CASCIO, Joseph, Pvt LOCAPARRA, Rocco A., Pfc SNYDER, William M., Sgt
DANIELS, James D., Sgt MAGLIEVAZ, August, Pvt SODERSTROM, Axel J., Pfc
DIEM, Joseph E., Jr., Pfc MALERIO, Albert G., Pvt STEVENS, Waldo E., Pfe
DILLER, George A., Jr., S/Sgt' MALOEUF, Roland A., Pfc VERCH, Curt J., Pfc
SDOMBROWSKI, John F., Jr., Pfc MARSHALL, Jack L., Pfc WATTLES, Joseph S., Pfc
DOUGLAS, Thomas, Pfc MATHEWS, Marion, Pfc WEBER, Edward C., T/5

MENARD, Leo E., Pfc

MAPIA ISLANDS (NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES)
BLAIR, Robert J., Pfc LONG, Claude U., S/Sgt STANLEY, William, Pfc
CAPPELLO, Joseph A., Pvt MARTIN, Jack E., S/Sgt STRATFORD. Seward D., Pvt
DICKINSON, Charles C., S/Sgt McANANY, William P., S/Sgt TURNER, Emil, Cpl
DRISCOLL, Dennis J., Jr., Pfc PANNELL, Roland G., Pvt WHITE, Michael A., Pfe
DUMAS, Albert, Pfc PARKER, Jessel, Pfc ZOBLOSKY, Elbert, Pfc
LANCASTER, Howard C., Pvt PEJACK, William, Pfc

SANSAPOR, DUTCH NEW GUINEA
KEY, Robert C., Capt MENDENHALL, John R., Col WINSLOW, Herbert R., 1st Lt
LARUE, Troy C., Capt ROBY, William D., Maj

MINDANAO, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
ADAMS, John T., Sgt BROWN, Thomas F., SISgt CLARK, Valiant O., Pvt
ADAMS, Ransom L., Pfc BRYANT, Charles G., Pfc CLUNAS, Hilton R., Sgt
ANDERSON, Chappell, Jr., T/5 BURNS, Robert J., Pfc COLGAN, Aquinas T., Capt
ANTHONY, Harold K., Pfc BUSSEY, Robert E., Pfc .COLLINS, Hugh L., S/Sgt
ARNOLD, Ase J., S/Sgt CAMERON, Alan P., Pvt COLMAN, Lloyd E., Pfc
AUGUST, Francis A., Pfc CAPAZZELLI, Daniel D., Pfc CONDON, John J., Pfc
BAKER, John A., Jr., Sgt CARO, Joseph S., Pfc CONNER, William L., Pfc
BAKER, Robert L., Pvt CAROTHERS, Benona B., Pfc CONWAY, Edward T., Pfc
BALSIGER, Arthur E., Sgt CARR, Leon H., Pfc CORRIERA, John D., Pfc
BARDWELL, Karl H., 1st Lt CARRILLO, Octaviano S., Pfc COX, Homer L., Pvt
BILLINGTON, John, Pfc CATES, Joe, Pfc CRAIG, Edward H., Pvt
BJORKLAND, Ralph L., 1st Lt CHARLTON, Duncan K., Pfc CRANE, Robert L., Pfc
BLACK, Talmage F., Pfc CISNEROS, Tereso J., Pfc CRITES, Robert E., Pfc
BRAZEL, Oscar H., Pfc CLANTON, Leroy, T/Sgt CROSS, Jesse J., Jr., Pfc
BREDAL, Otto P., Pfc CLARK, Roland M., Pvt CROSSWHITE, Odus Leo, Pfc

4










CULLERS, Howard M., Pfc JANKOWSKI, Chester L., Pfe PRATT, Ernest J., Sgt
CURRY, Andy, Pfc JARRELL, Ben, Pfc RAND, Harold E., Lt Col
CURTIS, Lawrence W., Cpl KASTANAS, John G., 1st Lt RAY, George A., Pvt
CURTIS, Russell J., Pfc KING, Orville R., Pfc RODGERS, James J., Pfc
DEDEAUX, Elgin.L., S/Sgt LATTA, Michael, Jr., Pfc ROBY, Charlie F., Plc
DENNISON, John B., Pfc LAWLES, William F., Pfc RYDBERG, Marvin L, Pfc
DORGAS, Peter, Pfc LAWRENCE, Mark F., Pvt SANTORA, Anthony J., Pvt
DRAPER, Harold W., Pfc LEATHERMAN, Mehrle E., Pfc SCHMID, Robert, Pfc
DUCKETT, Wallace H., Sgt LEDBETTER, D. C., Pfc SCHMIDGALL, Donald J., Pfc
EARHART, Gerald B, Pfc LEFKOWITZ, David, Pfc SEEBERG, William P., Pic
EINSPAHR, Alfred G., Pfc LEHN, James J., Pfe SEGREST, Walter M., Jr., Pfc
EKSTROM, Arne V., Pfc LEMKE, Gerald A., Pfc SEVERS, Kenneth L., 2nd Lt
ELLIOTT, Leonard D., Pfe LEVINSON, Paul B., Cpl SHADER, William J.Jr., fc
EMMOT, Valley V., Pfc LEZEN, Andrew, Pfc SIEMER, Harold A., Pfc
ENGLAND, Verban S., T/5 LINDSEY, Sammie F., Pfc SIMPSON, Joseph P., Pfc
ESCHETE, Lucius J., Pc LINTON, Reginald R., Pfc SMITH Calvin E., P
EVANS, Robert L., S/Sgt LOGAN, Elihue F., Pfe SNYDER, Charles E., Pfc
FAULKNER, Robert D., Sgt LONGMAN, William M., Pfc SOTEROPOULOS, George, Sgt
FITCH, Pearceon M., Pfc LUCAS, Joseph K., Pfc SPEAKMAN, Ernest J., Pfc
GARDENER, Richard W., Pfc LUSNIA, Louis F., Pie STACY, Ermile, Pfc
GELMAN, Harry, Pvt LYONS, Frank M., Pfc STEELE, Richard W., Jr., Pvt
GOVER, Walter L., Pc t MAHIEU, Robert L., Pfc STUCKEY, Fred L., Jr., Pfc
GRABEK, Benjamin V., Sgt MALIN, Wayne J., Pfc SUGGS, Toy E., Sgt
GRAY, James R., Pfc
GRIMES, William L., Pfc MARKOVITCH, Anthony, 1st Lt TAYLOR, Joh'n S., Pfc
GULINO, Angelo, Pfc MAPLES, Artis E., Pfc THOMAS, Daniel T., Pfc
GUNDERSON, Clarence M., Pfc MARTIN, Lonnie E., Pfc THOMAS, Ralph L., Pfc
HAAHR, Louis J., 1st Lt MILLER, Roy S., 2nd Lt THOMPSON, Kenneth C., T/Sgt
HAMPTON, Bays C., Pfc MIX, John E., Pfc TORRES, Arthur L., Pfc
HAND, Luke G., S/Sgt MORGAN, Herbert W., T/Sgt TRUJILLO, Joseph R., Pfc
HANKINS, Louis A., Pfc MORROW, Ben E., Pfc VANARTSDALEN, Clifford C.,
HARDEMAN, Luke, Pfc MUIR, Robert A., Pfc T/Sgt
HARR, Harry R., Cpl
HAUCK, Robert A., Pfe MURPHY, Joshua E., Jr., Pfc VAN SCOY, Richard E., Pfc
HAWKINS, Leonard L., Cpl McDOWELL, Chambliss P., Pfc VINSON, John C., S/Sgt
HAYES, Norman S., Pvt McHENRY, Dennis E., Sgt WAGAR, Eugene P., Pfc
HENRY, Thomas E., Pfc NAGLE, Maurice A., Pvt WALLACE, Leo C., Pfe
HERTZBERG, John F., Pvt NEIDERER, Edward.P., Pfc WEEKS, Horace W., Cpl
HIGH, Frank L., S/Sgt NOLEN, Alvin M., Pfc WEST, Charles F., Pfc
HILL, Alfred B., Jr., T/5 O'DONNELL, Albert E., Cpl WHITAKER, Herbert, Pfc
HILL, Junour, Sgt OGLETREE, Sim E., T/5 WIGGER, J. D., Pfc
HODGE, James H., Sgt OWENS, William T., Sgt WILBANKS, Grady, Pfc
HOLMES, John R., 1st Lt PAGE, Richard J., Sgt WILCOX, William H., Pvt
HOOD, Oliver W., S/Sgt PALLAZO, Clement J., Pfc WILKINSON, Julius H., S/Sgt
HOWARD, Drexel E., Pvt PEARCE, Leon M., Pfc WILLIAMS, Claude R., Pfc
HUNTER, Verne S., Pfc PERKINS, Albert H., Sgt WORDEN, Bernard M., Pfc
HUNTER, Verne S., Pfc PERSONS, Hubert W., Pfc
HURST, Daniel F., Jr., Pfc PHILBRICK, Arthur L., Pvt YATES, B., cpl
JACKSON, Delbert, Pfc PHILLIPS, Clay H., Pf YOUNG, John L., Sgt
JACKSON, Raymond E., Pfc PHILLIPS, Stanley V., Pc YOUNG Ralph W., Pvt
JACOBS, Harry, 1st Lt POOLE, Warner M., Pfc ZUKER, Michael A., S/Sgt

MISSING IN ACTION
CAUSEY, Bennie D., Jr., Pfc

5







FLORIDA REGIMENTS

WORLD WAR II










106th Quartermasters 106th Engineers
----------------------------------- ---------------














124th Infantry














116th Field Artillery
------------ 265th Coast Artillery























FLORIDA'S NATIONAL AND STATE GUARD
THE SECOND WORLD WAR







By the late 1930s, the world had begun to tear itself Congress worked together to make substantial sums of
apart for the second time this century. In 1937, the money available to procure military and naval hard-
Japanese had launched a campaign of conquest and ware-just in case. Enough money was authorized to
slaughter in northern and central China. They were have some of it trickle down to individual state National
also casting covetous glances at European colonies in Guards to enable them to purchase needed equipment
Southeast Asia and, by implication, the American posi- and arms. All of this was done at a rather leisurely, but
tion in the Philippines. Even more importantly for not quite peacetime, pace.
American interests was the initiation of yet another Then came the climactic events of the spring and
German war of conquest in Europe. Under its maniacal summer of 1940. The German war machine unleashed
dictator, Adolph Hitler, by the fall of 1939, Germany had a massive and devastating Blitzkrieg, or Lightning War,
occupied Austria and Czechoslovakia and brutally against Western Europe. Beginning in April and con-
conquered Poland. Europe was at war. tinuing through the summer, German armies crushed
Officially, the war began in September of 1939 and occupied in sequence, Denmark, Norway, Holland,
when Germany invaded Poland. The war was of im- Belgium and France. By July, Great Britain and her em-
mense interest to Americans, but they saw absolutely no pire stood alone facing a hostile and greedy German
reason for military concern at that time. This was seen empire that controlled all of Europe, with Italy, Hun-
as just another of the periodic internecine wars among gary, Romania, and Bulgaria as allies, Spain a favored
the old nations of Europe. While Americans generally neutral, and Russia a signatory to a mutual non-aggres-
favored the Allied cause, it was not enough to entice sion pact. It was obvious to all, spectators and partici-
them into the conflict. Besides, the failure of peace fol- pants alike, Germany wasn't through yet; already its
lowing the First World War had cured America of its Army, Navy and Air Force were preparing for an inva-
naive optimism concerning the efficacy of armed inter- sion of Great Britain.
vention in the affairs of other nations. In 1939, America This was a catastrophic situation which America
had very strict neutrality laws designed to keep it from could ignore only at its own peril. Congress authorized
becoming inadvertently entangled in any war. vast increases in military and naval appropriations. In
However, with wars already raging in both Europe September of 1940, Congress also approved the first
and Asia, there was potential danger to the security of ever peacetime Selective Service, or Draft, Act. Presi-
the United States. As a general rule, the United States dent Roosevelt, having declared a National State of
rarely provided adequate support for a large standing Emergency, federalized the National Guards of the sev-
army or navy in times of peace. This had been espe- eral states. The first Guard units were inducted into ac-
cially true during the Depression years of the 1930s. tive service in September and the remainder were
Therefore, in late 1939, President Roosevelt and the activated by March of 1941. Initially, Guard units were







FLORIDA'S ARMY

mobilized for one year's service. Later events caused expending money on the new Home Guards of the var-
that term to be extended and. eventually, converted to ious states, the federal government was able to direct the
"duration of the war." Most of Florida's National Guard military to provide surplus weapons and equipment. In
was officially called to national service on the 25th of Florida. state appropriations allowed for the purchase
November. 1940. The last Florida formation, the 265th of uniforms and other equipment, staffing the neces-
Coast Artiilerv, was federalized on the 6th of January, sary supplemental administration, and providing lim-
1941. ited funds to pay Florida Defense Force volunteers for
After Florida's National Guard had been federal- terms of active state duty. No pay was available for drill
ized. the state was left without any troops to meet do- or training encampments. This was to be a true volun-
mestic emergencies. With commendable, and unusual, teer citizen militia in its purest form.
speed the state legislature authorized the establishment
of a Florida Defense Force. a Home Guard. This was to Under the provisions of the Florida Defense Act of
be recruited. trained, and equipped for service as an 1941. a training program was established to enable the
armed force to meet state emergencies. The State's Ad- Defense Force to adequately "supplement civil law en-
jutant General. Brigadier General Vivian Collins. was forcement authority in the maintenance of law and
aDnointed its commander and the force was admninis- order, and to assure internal security to the state." Dur-
tered from his headquarters office at the State Arsenal ing most of 1941. recruiting and training of the Defense
in St. Augustine. Force was satisfactory, even though all projected objec-
Although. in the beginning, prohibited bv law from ties were not met. However, when the Selective Service


















aZ. 4. P.' -


-^^ -. "-'w-a a^
















124th Infantn Area. Camp Blanding, 1941.






163 *
124th hifriarv rea, Cam Blandig, 1941



-163-









FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR





Law was extended, volunteers came forward in much cial life. It controlled everything from rationing to man-
larger numbers. America was closer to war. closer than power registration, public information, agriculture.
anyone knew. The initial one-vear term of federal ser- labor, natural resources, salvage of useable materials,
vice for the regular Florida National Guard was ex- construction, road use, and all public health. fire. and
tended, indefinitely as it turned out. There was an police services. Also. a Civilian Defense and Civilian
obvious need for a well established Florida Defense Service Corps were established. Any public service
Force for a longer period of time than had been available came under one or another of these corps. The
anticipated. Civilian Defense Corps was not a military formation.
And then there was Pearl Harbor. America orga- Actually, it was far more closely simiiiar to the Civil
nized for total war. So did Florida. A state Defense Defense organization of the post-war nuclear age. The
Council was established, chaired by the governor, Defense Corps was concerned primarily with action ser-
through which various committees and directories vice: police, fire, air raid warning, and enforcing the
planned and coordinated Florida's war effort. And it black-out and dim-out regulations along Florida's
was a total effort. The Defense Council was responsible seaboard.
for virtually every phase of Florida's economic and so- The Florida Defense Force. renamed the Florida






























E.1 C-
_-)6l i-. w ... r C, .--, 19 1




1061h Enti'ineers and 106th .Ie'dicat ara.. Camp Blanding, 1941.







FLORIDA'S ARMY






























*- .10












116th Field Artillery area. Camp Blanding, 1941.




State Guard in 1942 to avoid confusion with the Civilian uniforms, helmets, and gas masks to go around, weap-
Defense Force, assumed the function and status of the ons became a problem when the federal government
National Guard within the state. It occupied and cared took back the relatively modern rifles it had issued in
for the state's National Guard armories and engaged in 1941 and replaced them with shotguns. This was nec-
continual training programs to better prepare for state essary due to the high materiel losses of the Allied
active duty. It certainly wasn't easy. In addition to no pay nations during 1941 and 1942. Modern weapons would
for drill or training encampments, the State Guard suf- be issued Florida's State Guardsmen towards the end of
feared from an enormous turnover in personnel. statis- the war.
tically calculated as 100 percent per year. Volunteers In spite of its many problems, the Florida State
were constantly moving to other cities or states to pursue Guard was able to maintain at all times during the war
wartime job opportunities and. as happened even more and for a year afterwards an average strength of just
frequently, volunteering or being drafted into the over 2.000 officers and men, equipped for duty. In ex-
regular armed forces. cess of 11.000 individuals served with the State Guard
The State Guard had to make do with two-hour during the years 1940-46. They were officially called to
weekly training sessions. Although there were enough active state active duty seven times during and imme-


165 *
warimjoboporuniie an. s appne evn or an fr yer ftewadsan veagestenth f us
frqenl, outerngo eigdrfe it, h ve .00ofies n mn qupedfrduy I x
reaular ared forces.cess of 11000 individual serve with the tate Guar
0a
Th Sae urdhd omaedowthto-or uin teyer 14-4.Thyweeofiial cledt
weeky tiring sesion. Athouh thre ere noug acive tateactve dty sventime durng nd iime

-165-








FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR










.... _., .. 8 R .
... -.. ..""+ ..: '- ; -.




- I I. ,.
















106th Quartermasters undergo training in gas warfare, 1941.


diately after the war to protect prisoners from mobs and federalized in November of 1940. On the 25th of that
to-alleviate the distress and suffering caused by hurri- month, all Florida Guardsmen, with the exception of
canes. The Florida State Guard was able to perform its the 265th Coast Artillery as previously noted, were or-
many official and unofficial tasks with efficiency and dered to report to their armories for physical and to be
considerable skill, due primarily to the intense patriot- formally inducted into the service of the United States.
ism and sense of community service displayed by its As in the First World War, they took the federal oath as
members and to the quality of its leadership. Perhaps individuals rather than as members of specific units.
there was no regular National Guard in wartime Flor- Eventually, this would result in the dispersal of Florida's
ida, but there was a Guard; a true citizens' militia, and soldiers into many different units as had occurred in the
it responded to real needs, and did it well. previous World War.
But it was the regular federalized Florida National In 1940, the 31st, or Dixie Division, was composed
Guard that would face the ultimate rigor of war. During of National Guard units from the Deep South states of
most of 1941, America was a nation at peace, but hardly Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. In De-
peaceful. Under the conditions of the declared National cember of 1940, all the composite units of the Division
Emergency, the Army and Navy began training, equip- began converging on the Division's new home, Camp
ping, and expanding to the war strength it was hoped Blanding, a newly established base near the town of
would never be used. Starke in northcentral Florida. Since its land was lower
This extra year of grace before America was forced than the water level of a nearby lake, the camp was a
into the war was to prove crucial to the success of its ul- huge swampy sponge. Its dreadful and unfinished con-
timate mobilization for total war on a global scale. Flor- edition eventually became the subject of a congressional
idea's Guard, as part of the 31st Division, had been investigation, but the continually arriving soldiers
an mia a;,, unf"ca ...-: ..t '*."nc .n .ee .. ....r "o ..ei .ore =o hscl n o
cosd- al skll due "mail "o "h int"s p""* "" '-, fomal .-uce .'"o th..: .....c f th "ne ". "








FLORIDA'S ARMY



































The compnystreet of the 106thMedicalBn., 31stDivison nearBoo, OroBay, Guinea. 17 May 1944










needed a home and, led by the Division's engineers, full division. Now they were ready to join even larger
.. :. ..













































they put in a drainage system and completed construc- armies.
tion of the necessary buildings in just a few hectic weeks. The largest peacetime army maneuvers in Ameri-
_. .. -








































The 31st Division of 1940-41 had never worked to- can history were held in Louisiana and Texas during
gether as a complete unit. In fact, it hadn't functioned July and August of 1941. The 31st Division established
as a division since the end of the First World War. Be- an enviable record for aggressiveness and organiza-
ginning on the 2nd of January, 1941, with Camp Bland- tional efficiency. There were additional maneuvers, on a
ing at least habitable, serious training began. In early smaller scale, in the Carolinas during October and No-
February more than 7,000 recruits, or draftees under member. As the Carolina maneuvers came to an end. and
the Selective Service System, from the Division's home already notified that their one-year term of active duty
states arrived to fill out units to war strength. From had been extended, the men of the 31st Division looked
April to July, units of the Division equipped and forward to a Thanksgiving or Christmas furlough. This
trained, first at platoon level, then company and on was not to be, certainly not for the 50 percent of each
through battalion, regiment, brigade and. finally, as a unit's men who expected holiday leave. Pearl Harbor








FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR











,

















-!j




-: -' S ._ -





Perimeter defense of Company A,. 124th Infantr' Regiment. 31st Division, at Aitape. Dutch New Guinea. 29July 1944



was attacked on the 7th of December. 1941, and within through the political efforts of Florida's Congressmen
a few days, America was at war with Japan, Germany, would it be reconstituted and returned to the 31st Di-
Italy. and their various allies, vision as it prepared for the active war in the South
Because of the unfounded but widespread popular Pacific.
fear of German or Japanese invasion of the United During the remainder of 1942 and nearly all of
States in the early months of the war, detachments of 1943, the 31st Division trained and retrained its units as
the 31 st Division were scattered in coastal defenses from drafts of individual soldiers were pulled from it, sent to
Wilmington. North Carolina. to Key West in Florida. By other formations, officer candidate school, the Army
late spring, the Division was ordered to reassemble, Air Corps, or other army speciality schools. It was
minus Florida's 124th Infantry Regiment. The Regi- shifted from Florida to Camp Bowie in Texas, then to
ment's extraordinary proficiency, as demonstrated in Camp Shelby in Mississippi. Despite the fact that. at any
the maneuvers of 1941. caused the Army to detail it as a given time, a large percentage of the men in the Divi-
demonstration regiment at Fort Benning in Georgia. In sion were raw recruits sent to it for training, the Divi-
late 1943, the Regiment was disbanded and only sion continually achieved the highest possible efficiency





FLORIDA'S ARMY














'. -. .- ,- :- e v'. '^-- .' -; "




.7.>.-.. f -" JA "," ;- -- .-'- '.,] -. A '-,- ,- .. .

-.N "
", .' __q --.
-s




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4"- ;-t*-. v- -, ^- 4* e -n
A= "' I'
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31st division I Aug. 1944









r ,," a169
_. '- ...- .-, ,,.,
"- ,'"- *-. -






N 'c.' .




















K 69'








FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR
















--
4 A TAPCP <-PAIG


ANOPAP.















170. .-
,N.. V3.





















Map of the Aitape, New Guinea, campaign.

aud readiness ratings from Army inspectors. On three now including Florida's 124th Infantry Regiment once
separate occasions the Division was adjudged fully more, was established at Oro Bay, British New Guinea,
ready for overseas commitment. The first two occasions preparing for its imminent commitment to combat
resulted in large drafts of trained men being pulled against the Japanese.
from the Division and being assigned to other forma- The 31st Division of 1944 was not quite the same as
tions. It wasn't until December, 1943, that the 31st fi- the 31st Division of 1940. Huge drafts of men had been















S170-







FLORIDA'S ARMY






















+ A


















Members of the Command Post Battalion of Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 124th Infantry Regiment, 31st Division, near Aitape,
New Guinea, send orders to forward patrol over an SCR-300. 1 Aug. 1944


ing number of Florida Guardsmen still serving with the and Adak Islands in the Aleutians. There they were dis-
unit. banded in late 1944 and the men transferred to other
At almost the same time the 31st was moving to the formations throughout the Army.
South Pacific, Florida's other, non-divisional National The first combat assignment for the 31st Division
Guard unit, the 265th Coast Artillery, was reaching its fell to a Regimental Combat Team centered on the 124th
war station. The 265th had been federalized in January Regiment and elements of the 149th Field Artillery and
of 1941. Initially, it trained in Galveston, Texas. Then it the 106th Quartermasters, Medics, and Combat Engi-
was reorganized as the 277th, 278th and 279th Battal- neers. All these units contained Florida Guardsmen,
ions of Coastal Artillery. As with other Guard units, and all had contained Florida Guard units in 1940. The
many, perhaps most of its Florida men had been pulled Regimental Combat team was committed to action on
from the regiment's composite units and sent else- the 12th of July in the Aitape region of British New
where. After service in Texas, California, Florida,/and Guinea. For nearly a month the team fought the Japanese
Washington state, the three battalions were sent to in the jungle and swamps of tropical New Guinea. The
Alaska to man the coastal defenses of Kodiak, Amchitka, skill, efficiency, and accomplishments of the 3rd Battal-



171 -




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FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR

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Part of the 124th Infantry Regiment, 31st Division, moves up the beach to the front lines. 1 Aug. 1944


S172-








FLORIDA'S ARMY













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MINDANAO
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STA DAVA WESTERN NEW GUINEA-
S oRo Gr D.'A^ HALMAHERA- MINDANAO
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ion of the 124th in the battles along the Driniumor River sion's activities on Morotai concerned defeating Japa-
earned it a Distinguished Unit Citation, the first of two nese reinforcements sent to the island at night. While
awarded battalions of the 124th. the Morotai operation continued, elements of the Divi-
While the 124th and attached support units fought sion were used to secure American positions in the
the Japanese at Aitape, the remainder of the Division Mapia and Asia Islands, and at Sansapor on the ex-
helped establish beachheads and defensive perimeters treme tip of Netherlands New Guinea.
at Maffin Bay, Netherlands New Guinea and on Wakde The greatest, and as it proved, the final combat test
Island off the coast. After the 124th had rejoined it, for the Division came in the invasion and months-long
the Division was employed in assaulting, securing, battle to liberate Mindanao, the southernmost of the
and defending Morotai Island in the Halmahera Group, Philippine Islands. The first elements of the 31st Divi-
northwest of New Guinea. sion reached Mindanao in late April, 1945, with the en-
As the Japanese had expected the Americans to tire Division actively engaged within the following two
land on the principal island of Halmahera itself and had weeks. Its mission was to drive the Japanese back into
disposed their defenses accordingly, much of the Divi- the interior of the island, preventing them from inter-



173








FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR

























































GEN Douglas MacArthur, his aide COL Lloyd Lehrbas, MGJohn G. Persons, CG, of the 31st Division troops which made the landing
inspect the beachhead at Morotai Island, Halmahera. 15 Sept. 1944










*174-







FLORIDA'S ARMY





































Troops of the 31st Division, 1st Platoon. 124th Regiment, descend sixty feet down life line to make crossing to other side of road. after
Mutian Bridge on Sayre Highway was wrecked by retreating Japanese, Mundanoa, Philippines. 30 April 1945

fering with American activities on the coast and in the have resulted in incredibly bloody battles, with attend-
major cities. ant casualties, as the Japanese defended their sacred na-
The terrain was jungle, interspersed with cleared tional soil. Fortunately for all concerned, including
agricultural areas. The roads were few and narrow and Florida's Guardsmen in the 31st Division, it was a battle
crossed many defensible rivers. The Division's advance rendered unnecessary by the two bombs.
was contested by the Japanese every step of the way in- Although brief, the record of the Division was a
land. During the Battle of the Colgan Woods and the good one. In addition to the Battle Honors or Distin-
Defense of the Pulangi River, the 2nd Battalion of the guished Unit Citations awarded the 2nd and 3rd Bat-
124th earned a Distinguished Unit Citation, the second talions of the 124th Regiment, the 106th Combat
for the Regiment. Engineers and the Medical Detachment of the 124th In-
And then. suddenly, it was all over. In August of fantry each received citations. Several other former
1945 two atomic bombs brought the collapsing Japanese Florida Guard formations received Meritorious Service
Empire to its knees. Japan surrendered and the World Awards. The Division had lost 400 men killed in action
War II combat career of the 31st Division was over. The or died of wounds, another 1400 had been wounded, but
Division spent the next few weeks accepting the surren- survived. The men of the Division had earned a
der of all Japanese troops in central Mindanao. The Di- basketful of medals. With combat duty at an end. the
vision's combat career had been relatively brief. It Division packed up and sailed for San Francisco. By
hadn't been planned that way. Everyone had known the Christmas, 1945, it had been deactivated and its men
anticipated invasion of the Japanese home islands would were on their way home.


175









FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR


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Map of the Mindanao, Philippine Islands. campaign.








FLORIDA'S ARMY


















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Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, CG, U.S. Eighth Army, and his party, inspect dead Japanese found near the perimeter of the 124th Inf.,
31st Div., following a dawn attack by the Japanese. This sortie cost the enemy 72 men. Near Maramg Strip #1, Central Mindanao,
Philippines. 15 May 1945














*177-




















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FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARDSMEN AT WAR
AROUND THE WORLD







For most of the 20th century, the major point of conten- Guardsmen to form cadres of experienced personnel
tion between the National Guard and the Regular mili- for all military formations. This meant loss of identity
tary establishment has been the problem of unit and integrity for many state Guard formations, but it
integrity when under conditions of national mobiliza- also meant transfer and, often. promotion for Guards-
tion for war. The Guard has argued in favor of keeping men. In the long run. this early decision led to a better
units which have trained together in peacetime, to- army and air corps with which to fight a global war to a
gether in time of war. Spokesmen for the Guard argue a successful conclusion.
military unit composed of friends and neighbors will Due to the 1973 fire at the Military Personnel Rec-
perform better and have higher morale than one com- ords Center in St. Louis, Missouri, and a lack of ade-
posed-of strangers. quate research staff in federal agencies, it isn't possible
When federal mobilization affects only a few units, to discover what happened to all of Florida's Guards-
or when it is to expand the military only to the limits of men after Pearl Harbor. Even the Guard's own records
its combined Regular, Reserve and National Guard are vague; most personnel files only state that the indi-
strengths, the problem doesn't arise. Traditionally, vidual served in the war in Europe or the Far East. To
when federal mobilization is of a limited nature for a learn what happened to Florida's individual Guards-
specific, limited purpose, Guard and Reserve units are men it is necessary to know what units they served with
brought up to authorized strength with new recruits in combat. Fortunately, most of the records pertaining
and unit integrity maintained. But what options are to fatal war casualties are available from the army's
available when the nation's military establishment must Mortuary Affairs and Casualty Support Division. Also,
expand to ten or twenty times its normal combined various divisional histories contain casualty and deco-
strength? rations lists which can be of assistance to the researcher.
At the end of 1941, America was involved in a gigan- An examination of those records can give an indication
tic world war. It needed to create an army and air corps of what happened, where, and with what units the Flor-
containing more than ten million men and women. To ida Guardsmen of 1940 served.
maintain Guard unit integrity would have resulted in In 1940, as in 1917, the Florida Guard was assigned
the quick deployment of a few divisions and air groups to the 31st (Dixie) Division. Many Florida Guardsmen,
composed of Regulars and Guardsmen along with a especially those with artillery, quartermaster, and med-
huge mass of untrained and inexperienced men strug- ical units, remained with the Division and served with it
gling to learn their deadly trade under wartime in the New Guinea and Philippine campaigns. Others,
conditions. especially engineers, helped construct the Alcan High-
In 1942, the Regular military made a good deci- way, the road linking the continental American states
sion. It used the available Regulars and National with the Territory of Alaska. The 265th Coast Artillery,


S183-







FLORIDA'S ARMY






















-




"Lbef h an miss'on ovn b
Sorida served m B 7udro during the war.)


al'r service on them
water service on the east coast in Texs.and Washington of the western Front" by the Amer
te was ent to defend the harbors and base in hr ers SS" by the Germa-ns. e 30th rans and "-isenhow.
Aeutian Islands. Most of the Florida men who had been bat beg in' the hon com-
mobilized with the 265th in 1941 had been transerred ending on the Elbe River in central German dr
out before the regiment b 194 designated the 27th, Small groups of Florida Guardsmen were sent to
2Sth and 279th Battalions of Coast Artiller):- moved to the 27th, 34th 35th, 42nd and 5th National Germuard
the frigid north. At least half, probably closer to two Divisions. For most of them their war was in taiy and
thirds, of all Florida Guardsmen served in units not as- southern Franc A similarly Small group of Florida
sociated with the pre-wvar Florida Guard. G rern eFranc- s e fr r we n It n

sen t Guardsm e perhaps een esmal n grrup of Florida
large numberofForida uarml t received commission served with National Army
ontther 3n sent to a Single National Guard division inludin the 78th, 79th, 86th, 94th, and
number of men sent a single ato n Guard ii 103rd. They, too, fought their ar in Europe.
nt to t hlia(Olickory) Division from Tennessee An extraordinarily large number of Florida
nd orh Carolina. Termed the "Workhorse Division Guardsmen, perhaps even equal in numbers to those







FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD




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Army Air Corps and assorted di-ds ional patches representing some of the units in which Florida's Guardsmen served during the Second
World War.


-185-
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ArmyAirCors an asortd d'oisona pathesrepeseningsor, oftheunis inwhih Forid's uarsmenser~eddurig te Scon
World War

'" 185










FLORIDA'S ARMY



















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Arm/v Air Corps B-24s on a mission in the Mediterranean Theater. (A number of Florida Guardsmen served their war in B-24 squadrons.)







FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD





































American soldiers in Italy. (Many Florida Guardsmen served in the 3rd and 34th Divisions during the Italian Campaign.)






sent to the 30th Division, volunteered for service in the The chance to fight the war in the air appealed to
airborne infantry and artillery. Most of Florida's air- many Florida Guardsmen. During the Second World
borne volunteers served in the 82nd Airborne Division. War, the Air Corps was part of the Army. It was an age
Others fought their war with the llth, 17th, and 101st when the air war was still considered exciting, even ro-
Airborne Divisions. Those in the llth campaigned in mantic. Too, the increased social status, higher pay, and
the Solomon Islands and in the Philippines, the others the Air Corps policy of rapid promotion attracted many
in Italy, France, Holland, and Germany. volunteers. A few individual Florida Guard formations,
As has been suggested, the Regular Army divisions especially the 265th Coast Artillery, provided large
of World War II were Regular in name only. Large num- numbers of volunteers for the Air Corps.
bers of Florida Guardsmen served their combat tours The air war may have appeared romantic to some,
with the Regulars, most with the 3rd Division (Audie but it was a deadly business. Some former Florida
Murphy's outfit). Others were assigned to the Ist, 2nd, Guardsmen became pilots and navigators while others
4th, and 8th Divisions. All of these Regular divisions became gunners in heavy or medium bombers attack-
fought in the European Theater of Operations. ing enemy positions as far apart as Germany and the


187 *








FLORIDA'S ARMY



Philippine Islands. A number of them were killed in There, the 30th Division was part of an American force
training. Others died helping fight their aircraft to stra- fighting the German II Parachute Corps and the Panzer
tegic bombing targets. Lehr Division for control of that vital road center and
In the ground war, Florida Guardsmen died in Sic- geographical gateway to the rest of France.
ily and in the fighting in the rugged'mountains of cen- During the final year of the war, every major battle
tral Italy. Eleven were killed or died of wounds in the or campaign in Europe or Asia claimed the life of one
Anzio Beachhead, most while serving with the 3rd Di- or more of the former Florida Guardsmen. They died in
vision. The assault on Normandy and the campaign in the airborne assaults on Belgium, Holland, Germany, in
the hedgerow country which followed cost the lives of at the "Bulge," and in the final battles within Germany it-
least 24 former Florida Guardsmen. One was killed self. More than a dozen were killed helping liberate the
trying to clear mines from Omaha Beach on D-Day, Philippine Islands, including one Guardsman serving
while another died during the airborne assault behind as a Marine aboard an American battleship.
those same beaches. Most of the remaining casualties Of the nearly 4,000 Florida Guardsmen mobilized
were incurred in the bitter fighting around St. Lo. for federal service between November 1940 and January






























Soldiers of the 30th Infantry Diviion France A st 1944.








Soldiers of the 30th Infantry Division, France, August, 1944.












FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WVAR AROUND THE WORLD















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Men of the 30th Infantry Division, Normandy, France, July, 1944. (A very large number ofFlorida Guardsmen were assigned to the 30th
Division.)










FLORIDA'S ARMY














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American soldiers with their German captives, 30th Infantry Division, France, 1944.


1941. 158 were known to have died during the war. A
much larger number were wounded but survived. Al-
though the Florida National Guard received official bat-
tle honors only for the campaigns of the 31st Division in
New Guinea and the Philippines, individual Florida
Guardsmen earned unofficial battle honors for their
state in every theater of war, every campaign, and vir-
tually every major battle on land and in the air. It is an
impressive record.















FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD

















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Full Text

PAGE 1

Digitized with the permission of the FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD SOURCE DOCUMENT ADVISORY Digital images were created from printed source documents that , in many cases , were photocopies of original materials held elsewhere . The quality of these copies was often poor . Digital images reflect the poor quality of the source documents. Where possible images have been manipulated to make them as readable as possible . In many cases such manipulation was not possible . Where available, the originals photocopied for publication have been digitized and have been added, separately , to this collection. Searchable text generated from the digital images, subsequently, is also poor . The researcher is advised not to rely solely upon text-search in this collection. RIGHTS & RESTRICTIONS Items collected here were originally published by the Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida National Guard for additional information . The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to content originating with the Guard. DIGITIZATION Titles from the SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series were digitized by the University of Florida in recognition of those serving in Florida's National Guard, many of whom have given their lives in defense of the State and the Nation.

PAGE 2

Florida Department of Mil.itary Affairs SpsGial A:rGhi\?ss PubliGatiott Numbsr /51 . 116TH/149TH FIELD ARTILLERY WORLD WAR I I State ArseI\al St. Fral\Gis BarraGhs Augustitie, Florida I

PAGE 3

,.:--.. -::~A:,~{1._,~::'. .. :_-~i_:-_:_:_--~-~;_z_t_r_~_:_f_:_;_~-•-~'_.:_? ; ~/{::-". -, . . :.' .STATE OF.FLORIDA ' . .. , _---~ . ' ' > . .c ' DEPARTM.ENTOF MILITARY AFFAIRS , --.. ......... ,;-...:.;-':: -,iPOST OFFICE BOX 1008 STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE 32085-1008 The special Archives Publication Series of the Historical Services Division are produced as a service to Florida communities, historians, and to any other individuals, historical or geneological societies, and national or regional governmental agencies which find the information contained herein of use or value. At present; only a very I imited number of copies of these publications are produced and are provided to certain state and national historical record repositories at no charge. Any remaining copies are provided to interested parties on a first come, first served basis. It is hoped these publications wi 11 soon be reproduced and made avai I able to a wider pub I ic thro~gh the efforts of the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation Inc. Information about the series is avai fable from the Historical Services olvision, Department of Mi I itary Affairs, State Arsenal, St. Augustine, Florida. Robert Hawk Director

PAGE 4

; ....:._;.,.,,, .. ."..... ..r:.~,_..:,. .. ,,:.-_;.,~...i.,;.~.:;..t.-..~:t.~4~•~~~"-._~-b:::. -•'?.~--&>?:,'" .... >~,;,-~~~......,;;-:..L""~,..~•~fittRi""-~f.;.,-_r,,rl\.;;b,Q......_.it:,._ .. ,-~. ~::.~ ;116Tii FIELD ARTILLERY 1 4 9 T HF I E l D .. A R T I L .L E R Y

PAGE 5

31 ST IDFADTRY DIUISIOD ARTIL LERY DESCRIPTION BADGE: Approved July 14, 1937. Between the extremities of a scarlet four bastioned fort the crests of the Alabama, Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana National Guard Proper.

PAGE 6

sumTER L. LOWRY, JR. BRIGADIER GENERAL Commanding General, 56th Field Artillery Bri gade from October 4, 1934, until its reorganiza tion on February 26, 1942. Commanding General 31st Infantry Division Artillery from February 26, 1942, until January 1, 1945. Graduated Virginia Military Institute 1914; awarded Cincinnatus Medal for Military efficiency during cadet ship 1914. Organized and appointed captain, 2nd Florida In• fantry, Florida National Guard 1914. Served on Mexican Border as Captain Company H. 124th Infantry, Florida National Guard 1916-1917. t~r~~d~~/ffl;/nm.;::f;e"rtrKJ. ~i tii~m9. Division. Organized and appointed Colonel 116th Field Artillen-, Florida National Guard 1921; appointed Brigadier Gen eral 56th Field Artillery Brigade, 31st Infantry Di• vision, U. S. National Guard 1934. Served as Military Commander during great Florida Hurricanes, Lake Okeechokee 1926-1928. Commanded 56th Field Artillery Brigade, 31st In• fantry Division Third Army Maneuvers, ~Iississippl. 1938; commanded 56th Field Artlllery Brigade, 31:? Infantry Division, Third Army Maneuvers, LoUisiana, 1940. Mustered into Federal Service as Brigadier General 56th Field Artillery Brigade, 31st Infantry Division at Camp Blanding, Florida, November 25, 1940; served as Brigadier General In Command of Division Artillery, 31st Infantry Division at Camp Blanding, Camp Bowie, Camp Shelby, Camp Pickett, West Virginia Mountain Training, and Camp Bradford Amphibious Trainh1g, through all maneuvers held in Louisiana, South and North Carolina. Sailed overseas with the Division, January 19H; Commanded Artlllery of Division through New Guinea Campaign, 1944; Commanded Artillery of Division at Morota1 Landing Dutch East India, 1944. Served duty with Headquarters Army Ground Forces, Washington. D. C., January 1945; Assistant Commanding General IRTC, Camp Livingston, La.. March 19~; Returned to Inactive duty October 1, 1945. Attended the following schools: General Officers Re• fresher Cour~e. 1941. Fort Benning, Ga.: Normoyle Motor Co!.lrse, 1942, San Antonio, Tex.; Tank Des troyer School, 1942, Camp Hood, Tex.; Amphibious Command and Staff Course, 1943, Camp Bradford. Va. Holds the following awards and campaign badges: Mexican Border Medal, 1916; Victory Medal (World War I) with Bronze Star, 1918; American Defense Rib bon, 1941; American Theatre Ribton, 1944; Asiatic Pacific Theatre Ribbon with Bronze Star. 1944; Bronze Service Arrowhead, 1944; Victory Medal (World War JI), 1945; Bronze Star Medal, 1944; Distinguishec Service Medal, 1945. To: The Officers and Men of .the 31st Infa~try Division ~illery: The greatest honor that has come to me during my lifetime has been the privilege of command ing the Artillery of the 31st Infantry Division. The record of this Artillery Unit during the entire war was the equal of any in the Army of the United States. The high t.echnical ability of its officers . and men, together with the splendid morale and e,prit, made it possible to perform any task given it from the training camp to the battle field. The chief objective of every man in the Division Artillery was to be able to deliver effective fire in support of the Infantry units of the Division. To be there with the goods when the going was tough for the Infantry. To make the Infantry know that their artillery was with them and behind them always. To be truly a part of the Infantry Artillery team. This you did! , I am personally proud of the fact that I was a member of the 31st Infantry Division for 25 years, serving with it through two World Wars. I am sure that there was no better Division in any theatre during the war. I am proud of the leadership and performance of its officers and men, from top to bottom. I wish to extend my best wishes to every man and officer, and I hope as the years go by that I may continue to have your friendship and good will as you shall have mine. 120 "-~ SUMTER L. LOWRY. Brigadier General, USA Former Commanding General 31st Division Artillery

PAGE 7

THOmAS F. HICKEY BR!GADIER GENERAL Commanding General 31st Infantry Division Artillery from January 13, 1945, to September 25, 1945. Brigadier General Thomas F. Hickey, who commanded the 31st Division Artillery from January 13, 1945, to September 25, 1945, was born in Massachusetts on April 1, 1898. He en listed as a private in the Regular Army on July 25, 1916 . In November 1917, he was commis sioned a second lieutenant in the Cavalry Re serve Corps and was immediately ordered to France. He served as a platoon commander in the 341st and 7th Machine Gun Battalions while overseas and participated in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. He remained on duty in Germany as a member of the Army of Occupation until February 1922. General Hickey was commissioned as a sec ond lieutenant of Infantry in the Regular Army on July 1, 1922. and transferred to Field Artil lery on June of 1922. He went overseas again in 19H as Commanding General, X Corps Ar tillery , and was Chief of Staff, X Corps, during the Leyte campaign , joining the 31st Division Artillery in January 1945. General Hickey was awarded the French Or der of Palms and the Purple Heart in World War I. the Bronze Star while with the X Corps and the Silver Star and Air Medal while with the 31st Division. .~ ~1i \ ~ -S, . -==.• ~ ""----'"""'"" a . } !' .. . . ..,., To My Comrades of the 31st Division: Aitape, Moratai , and Mindanao will always be reminders of a job well done; of friends that we have made; of comrades who could not return with us; and, of difficulties and hardships that we surmounted. As we lay aside our military equipment and return to civilian pursuits. zach of us has the responsibility to assure that the objectives we fought for become a reality and that those who follow us will not have to do the job over again.

PAGE 8

JOSEPH C. HUTCHISOD Brigadier General, U.S.A. Enlisted on 5 Sept. 1917, commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Field Artillery, on 1 June 1918, as signed 333rd Field Artiller y. Discl1arged 17 Feb . 1919. Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Infantry, Flor ida National Guard, 12 April 1921, assigned 124th Infantry , promoted to Captain in 1926, i\Iajor 2 Feb . 1929, Lieutenant Colonel 2 June 1933, Colonel 27 Aug. 1940 , Brigadier General, commanding 62nd Infantry Brigade , 18 Nov . 19-10 . Ass is t a nt to Division Commander, 31st Infantry Div is ion, 21 Feb. 1942; went on termi nal leave 2 Jan . 1946 and was released from Federal Service on 18 April 1946 . To Officers and Men of the 31st Infantry Division: The Dixie Division made an enviable record in World War II and estab lished itself as one of the finest combat divisions in the history of the United States Army. I am proud to have served with such a fine group of fighting men. It is my sincere wish that each member of the division will have little diffi culty in readjusting himself to civil life and that many years of happiness and prosperity will be the reward of 11 job well done. . May each of us now fight as diligently for a lasting peace as we did in prosecuting the war . My sincere good wishes to each of you. JOSEPH C. HUTCHISON Brigadier General, U . S . A .

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* ALEXANDER G . PAXTON Colonel Commandlnc 114th Field Artillery from May 20, 1933 until reorganization. Assigned as Chief of Staff 31st Infantry Division February 26, 1942 . Later promoted to Brigadi e r General and Commanding General 33rd Infantry Division . : . . ' \ ? f _'.;f i :~ )) )1 ' HOMER W. HESIERLY Colonel * -. PERCY S. McCLUNG Colonel Commandlnt: 116th Field Artlllery from October 23. 193-1 until reor,:anlzatlon February 26, 194Z. Executive Officer 31st Infantry Division Artillery from February 26, 194? Commanding 111th Field Artlllery from January 11, until December 31, 1941. until December 1944. 122

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HISTORY OF THE 31 ST DIUISIOO ARTILLERY Although the history of the 31st Infantry Division Artil lery as such, begins with the triangulation of the Division on February 26, 1942 at Camp Bowie Texas, a large and important part of its activities took place as the 56th Field Artillery Brigade from which it was derived. The Brigade was first established as a unit in September 1917 when the th, 117th and 118th Field Artillery regi ments were mobilized as part of the 31st (Dixie) Division at Camp Wheeler, Georgia. By the latter part of September 1918 it was in France as a part of the 31st Division, how ever, since the Division was broken up to be used as re placements soon after its . arrival, the brigade did not act as a unit but its personnel was assigned to various organizations of the AEF. Following the Armistice, the brigade was returned to the United States and demobilized. During 1924-25 the 56th Field Artillery Brigade was reorganized as a part of the Federally recognized National Guard, with the 116th Field Artillery Regiment in Florida, and the 117th Field Artillery Regiment in Alabama. The third regiment the 114th Field Artillery was organized in Mis sissippi as a part of the brigade during 1933. On November 25, 1940 the component units of the brigade under the command of Brigadier General Sumter L. Low ry Jr. were inducted into Federal Service at their home stations and by December 19, 1940 had arrived at Camp Blanding Florida named in honor of Major General Albert H. Blanding, former commander of the 31st Division for a year of intensive training. On August 21,-1941 the period of Training and Service was extended for eighteen months and with the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war against Japan December 8, 1941, and against Germany and Italy on December 11, 1941, the period of service was extended for the duration of the war and six months. Training at Camp Blanding Florida with its many limi tations, its Dixon-Mason line, SNAFU, Simulated weapons sibley stoves, three day passes and short leaves notwith standing proved very beneficial to the Artillery. It was soon welded into an efficient fighting force capable of working with and furnishing support to the infantry of the division . July through September 1941 found the brigade parti cipating with the division in the Third Army versus Second Army maneuvers in Louisiana. Many valuable lessons were learned and troops became accustomed to living in the field. One interesting phase of these maneuvers was the Artillery's engagement with the Second Army's Armored Division in the "Battle of Good Hope Church." Returning to Camp Blanding in October it left again in November to participate in maneuvers against the First Army in North Carolina and returned to Camp in December. A rather dramatic sequence took place on December 8, 1941. The 56th Field Artillery Brigade left for Tampa, Flor ida in accordance with previous plans for a ceremony to dedicate the Tampa armory, which was to be named Fort Homer Hesterly, in honor of Colonel Homer W. Hesterly commander of the 116th Field Artillery Regiment . The Jap attack or:i Pearl Harbor alerted one and all to the fact that they knew not what the next few days would hold for the division, which was by now a well trained outfit . The Brigade arrived in Tampa in the morning and the scheduled parade was held early in the afternoon . It was quite a sombre crowd that watched the long column wind its way through the Tampa streets, in a misting rain just as the EXTRA papers hit the streets telling of the U. S. Declaration of war on Japan. It is believed that this was the first wartime parade of World War II to be held in 123 the U. S. That night four batteries of 116th Field Artillery Regiment were alerted as parts of Battalion Combat Teams for coastal defense. In February 1942 the division made its first of many permanent changes of station and the entire brigade again moved overland by truck to Camp Bowie, located near Brownwood, Texas. In 1933, the brigade had changed from horse drawn artillery to truck-drawn artillery. It was one of the first units of the army to make this change and much thought and effort had been devoted by all units to development of the new tactics and technique which evolved from motorization. Many long road marches were performed by all regiments both prior to and after induc tion and .a high state of perfection had been reached in the training of drivers, careful planning of each movement and the continuous supervison of convoys while on the march. During the years 1933-1941 this brigade marched 3,152,130 vehicle miles in convoy without a single serious accidenl Almost immediately upon arrival at Camp Bowie, and pursuant to instructions contained in General Order No. 11, Headquarters VIII Army Corps, dated February 25, 1942, the division was reorganized as a triangular infantry divi sion, with the following changes in the Artillery: Old Designation Hq. & Hq . Btry. 56th F . A. Brig. Headquarters 116th F. A. Headquarters Btry. 116th F. A. Band, 116th F. A. 1st Bn. 116th F. A. 2nd :En . 116th F. A. Med. Det. 116th F. A. Headquarters 117th F . A. Headquarters Btry. 117th F. A. Band 117th F. A. 1st Bn . 117th F. A. 2nd Bn. 117th F. A. Med. Det. 117th F. A. Hq. & Hq. Btry. & Band 114th F. A. 1st Bn. 114th F. A. 2nd Bn. 114th F. A. Med. Det. 114th F. A. New Designation Hq. & Hq. Btry. 31st Inf. Div. Arty . Disbanded Headquarters & Serv. Co . 175th Engrs. Band, 31st Inf . Div. Arty. 116th F. A. Bn . (less AA&AT Plat.) 149th F. A . Bn. (less AA&AT Plat.) Med. Det . 116th F. A. Bn . Disbanded Pioneer Co. 631st Tank Dest. Bn . Band, Ft. Bragg N. C. Rec . Center 117th F. A. Bn . (less AA&AT Plat.) 2nd Bn. 137th F. A. (155mm How. Trk.-D) Med . Det . 117th F. A. Bn. Hq. & Hq. Btry. & Band 137th F. A. (155mm How . Trk.-D) 114th F. A . Bn. (less AA&T Plat.) 1st Bn. 137th F. A. (155mm How . Trk-D) Med. Det . 114th F. A. Bn. This reorganization reduced the amount of artillery in the Division from three regiments of two battalions each, to four separate battalions. The reduction in artillery was in line with the reduction in the number of infantry regiments but the functions and tactical employment of the Artillery was not appreciably affected. Brigadier Gen eral Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., remained in command of the Division Artillery. Offkers and enlisted personnel gener ally were retained in their units, and either remained with the division or were transferred out with the redes

PAGE 11

One of the first pictures of the 116th Field A:twry at Can:.p Blanding . 'Ihe effects of a downpour that greeted troops on arrival. ignated units. This was the first large loss of original members of the old National Guard other than many en listed men who had . qualified for officer candidate school paratroopers-and training as pilots in the Air Corps. Many fine men and excellent soldiers were lost to the Artillery. In March 1942 Division Artillery Headquarters and the four artillery battalions were assigned to the Field Artillery School at Fort Sill, Oklahoma to act as school troops and prepare for its first Army Ground Force Artillery firing test. This period of training was probably the most bene ficial in the matter of putting a technical polish on a basically fine organization in which the artillery ever par ticipated. All of the battalions completed the eight weeks period with an excellent record, prepared for any type of firing which they might be called upon to do. A comInterior of a typical tent housing five men ~nd a tent stove. 124 mendation from division commander to the division artil lery commander is quoted in part: "During the recent AGF tests held at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, the 31st Division Artillery received a rating of 85.35%. This percentage is the highest award received by the artil , lery of any divisions of the VIII Corps." "I am fully aware of the tremendous amount of work you and your command did to accomplish this record . I am also aware of the difficulties encountered by reason of bad weather, shortage of officers and non-commissioned officers and lack of previous opportunity to fire your weapons. It is apparent that these obstacles were only a challenge to your command and I am all the more proud of your achievement because of them." The 31st Infantry Division Artillery probably participated in more tests than any similar unit in the United States Army and a complete record of scores obtained is listed here: Location Test No. 114th 116th 117th 149th AV. and Year I 71.8 81.4 81.1 85.0 79.8 II 82 . 3 82.3 82 . 6 93 . 8 85 . 2 Ft. Sill III 81.4 92.9 96.7 93.3 91.1 April-May AV. 78 . 5 85.4 86.8 90.7 85.3 1942 I 87.8 74.1 90 . 4 77.6 82.5 Camp II 71.8 81.1 91.6 83.5 82.0 Shelby III 96.5 92.9 96.3 90.1 93.9 April-May AV . 83.9 78.1 91.3 80.6 83.5 1943 Location Test No. 114th 116th 117th 149th AV. and Year I 70.1 81.3 60.9 74 . 8 71.8 Camp II 68.8 74 . 8 67 . 2 84 . 8 74.0 Butner III 89 . 4 95 . 3 91.1 95.7 92.9 December AV. 74 . 6 83.2 70.0 82.5 77.6 1943 I 78.7 79.1 78.7 75 . 0 77.7 II . 88 . 8 73 . 4 75.8 71.7 77.4 Oro Bay III 92.3 85.2 89.6 89.1 June AV. 84.6 79 . 2 80 . 7 73.9 80.5 1944 Upon completion of the tour of duty at Fort Sill, the Division Artillery returned to Camp Bowie in April 1942 where it learned to sing "Deep in the Heart of Texas," danced to "Put your little Foot," and training continued. Here the Battalions conducted the first artillery firing over the heads of the infantry who began to learn the sound of shells overhead and bursting nearby . The artiller y men also were reassured in their ability to place the round s where the infantry wanted them . In July 1942 the Division Artillery again participated in the Louisiana Army Maneuvers. Upon completion of which another large group of the original members of the Na tional Guard were cadred out of the battalions as fillers for units going oversea s . The loss of these experienced men together . with the continual loss of men qualifying for Officers Candidate school required the starting over again from scratch and the training of practically entirel y new organizations throughout the whole of the Division Artillery. R~placements were selectees and volunteers from every part of the United States. A nucleus of the old Nat ional Guard members both enlisted man and officers re mained, however, and a 13 weeks basic training period was begun in September 1942 after arrival at Camp Shelby located near Hattiesburg, Mississippi. The benefit of the excellent technical qualifications, many hours of study and the state of training and exper ience attained by the National Guard is attested by the following compilation: Selected and trained as National Guard Officers prior to Nov. 25, 1940.

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Brought into service 221 officers 011 November 25, 1940 as follows: l Brigadier General 2 Colonels 9 Lt. Colonels 14 Majors 55 Captains 51 First Lieu.tenants 88 Second Lieu.tenants Rank attained by these same 221 officers Ju.ne 25, 1945: 2 Brigadier Generals 9 Colonels 43 Lt. Colonels 72 Majors 93 Captains First Lieu.t. (None) Second Lieut. (None) A record of the number of enlisted men who qualified for and attained commissioned rank through Officers Can didate schools is not available, but the number is large and many of them attained high rank. After completion of the Bas i c Training Program came another period of training for a second AGF Firing Test of the Division Artillery and its Battalions. These tests were again passed with a record equal to any artillery in . the army. Combined infantry-artillery firing tests followed; then Division maneuvers in southern Mississippi. July 1943 found the Artillery in Louisiana participating once more in ArmJ maneuvers there. Near the end of these maneuvers it became apparent that the division was "hot" for shipment overseas and after a short period of uncer tainty as to which direction it would go it was hurriedly shipped from Cypress, Louisiana , and closed in Camp Picket at Blackstone, Virginia in September 1943. Now began a period of the most intensive and beneficial training the Artillery had yet encountered-Mountain training near Elkins, West Virginia-Preparattion for a third AGF Artillery Firing Test at Camp A. P. Hill near Bowling Green, Virginia-Completion of the tests at Camp Butner, North Carolina-Amphibious Training at Camp Bradford near Norfolk, Virginia , culminating in actual amphibious landings form Chesapeake Bay in the Solo mons Island Area. The artill e ry oi the Division was now ready for any assignment and by the end of February 1944 all e lements had staged at Camp Patrick near Norfolk, Virginia, had shipped out cf Hampton Road s . and were on their wa y through the Panama Canal to Oro Bay, New Guinea (Buna-Gona Area) in the Southwe s t Pacific . Although the country was strange. the heat was intense in the da y time, malaria and s crub typhus prevalent, and the "fuzzy-wuzzy" natives inter e sting : the men immediately settled down to the construction an d improvement of their camp near DOBODURA. An acclimuting training program was instituted and many baseball diamonds were con structed although there was little time available for base ball. It was here the artillery received the tractor equipment and bulldozers which were to prove so valuable and reli able in future operations. More amphibious training was conducted and emphasis was placed on learning how to live and fight in the jungle. Preparations were soon underway for another series of AGF artillery firing tests , which were completed in the same excellent manner as before . Morale was excellent and everyone was anxious to prepare in everyway possible for the combat in which they knew they would soon participate. On June 28, 1944 the first of th e Artillery Battalions left to praticipate in combat, when the 149th Field Artillery Battalion as part of the 124th Regimental Combat Team was ordered to the AITAPE area . The remainder of the artillery began their combat experience when the Division moved to the W AKDE-SARMI area in August. Upon com pletion of this operation and that at AITAPE, the division consolidated for the MOROTAI, and later the ?vlINDANAO operations. Activities of the Artillery in these operations are best described in the narratives of the severnl battalions . , . , ,_---. ; ~;i . 7~i~ -.:~ -Top: Harbor at Oro Bay Center: Headquarters area on Morotai. Above: Natives at cere monial. Note headdresses, birds of paradise. Right: Native belle~

PAGE 13

Top: Artillery liaison plane L-4 dropping supplies to Infantry Above: Liaison plane air strip, Oro Bay Left: Artillery liaison planes on landing strip at Oro Bay. Right: Artillery cub plane hauls casualties to the rear at Kibawe 126 In January 1945 Brigadier General Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., and Colonel Horner W. Hesterly, Executive Officer, completed a long and meritorious period of service with the artillery and returned to the . United States. Brigadier General Thomas F. Hickey joined the division and assumed command of the Division Artillery on January 13, 1945. He directed the operations of the artillery for the remain ing period of time on MOROTAI and throughout the MIN DANAO campaign. At the completion of hostilities, he was assigned to Washington and returned to the United States . en September 25, 1945. The words of the Division Artillery Air Section in the MINDANAO campaign as in all other campaigns was particularly outstanding. k summary of the operations is set forth: MINDANAO OPERATION April 22, 1945 June 30, 1945 Fire m1ss1ons . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Flights Guiding Bomb Strikes...... 60 Flights Supply Drops to Infantry. . 487 Flights Patrol and reconnaissance 140 Flights Carrier.................... 102 Flights Photo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Flights Evacuating Casualties . . . . 73 Flights 449 missions 40 Tris Tons 73 Casualties. I Headquarters and headquarters Battery departed from AGUSAN (Bugo), MINDANAO aboard the transport USS GENERAL OMAR BUNDY on December 2, arrived in San Francisco on December 19, and was inactivated at Camp Stoneman, California on December 21, 1945. All battalions of the Division Artillery performed their missions in a superior manner both in training the many replacements who passed through their ranks and in actual combat. They were always ready to support the infantry with fire power whenever needed .and assisted them in maintaining communications, reinforcing their supply lines bqth by tractor and air drops from cub planes and in evacuating their wounded. Liaison officers and forward observer parties accompanied the infantry at all times, shared their many hardships and were always on the spot when artillery fire was needed in supporting the infantry advance or breaking up the enemy's attack. When func tioning as part of Regimental or Battalion Combat Teams the Artillery was truly a part of the team and no finer compliment can be paid to each battalion than the state ment of the respective Infantry Regimental commanders that his supporting artillery battalion was the best in the division; or the division commanders statement that the Division is proud of its artillery. Historical records concern themselves primarily with the record of the movement and operations of units and their commanders, and little is found concerning the day by day activities of the individual soldier who makes these operations possible. It was he who endured the many hardships of living in the jungle in the heat and in the rain, continually moved day after day, manned the guns day and night, sometimes with enemy shells landing near by, dug the fox holes, built the pill boxes and chopped down fields of fire for his weapons, drove the tractors over impassable roads hub deep in mud or chocked with dust. kept the equipment in repair, and if .the things he needed were not available, improvised somehow and made things go. His unfailing loyalty, courage, ingenuity and aggressive ness were an inspiration to all and to him is due the credit for the fine performance of the Artillery in living up to the motto "It can be done."

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116TH FIELD ARTILLERY BATTA LI OD BLAZONRY COAT OF ARMS: approved April H, 1925; ammended April 20, 1925. Shield: Gules, a fess Azure flmbriated Argent In Chief a disc partlper pale of the first (gules) and of the second (azure) flmbriated of the third (argent) and charged with two conventionalized D's back! to back of the like (argent) (a simulation of the shoulder sleeve Insignia of the 31st D1vislen) and In base a fleur-de-lis also of the last (argent). Crest: That for regiments of Florida National guard . Wreath: Argent and gules. Motto: Veatlgla. Nu11a Retrora eum (There ls no golnr back). JOEL C, GARRARD lllajor Commanded Battalion from Au gust 10, 1945 to Inactivation De cember 20, 1945, FRANK C. PAUL Lieutenant Colonel Commanded Battalion from February 26, 1942 unUl August 9, 1945. 133 DESCRIPTION The shield is red for artil lery, the blue Fess indicate the Federal Service in 1898. The charge in the chief of the shield is a modified form of the shoulder sleeve in signia of the 31st Division, the two-colored parting in dicating service in 31st Di vision on two sides of the world. Tl:)e fleur-de-lis indi cates the service in France. Streamers authorized. World War without inscrip tion. GEORGE N. SPAIN Lieutenant Colonel Commanded 1st Battalion 116th Field ArtJllery at Induction.

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H!STORY OF. 116TH FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALIOD The 116th Field Artillery was originally organized at Camp Wheeler, Georgia, during World War I as part of the 31st Division. It arrived in France in October, 1918, saw no combat service, and was mustered from Federal Service on January 16, 1919. Florida was granted authority by the War Department to provide a battalion of field artillery as part of the Na tional Guard after World War I and on December 5, 1921 three firing batteries, "A", "B" and "C" formed the basis of the 1st Battalion 116th Field Artillery. Completion of the 1st Battalion was effected with the establishment of Headquarters Battery and Combat Train on February 15, 1922. All of the 1st Battalion was located in Tampa with Major Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., in command. Expansion to a full regiment was begun by the found ing of the Second Battalion. Firing Batteries "P", "E" and "F" were located at Lakeland, Plant City and Arcadia, with Headquarters Battery and Combat Train in Bartow. On August 23, 1923 the 2nd Battalion was Federally recog nized as a unit. The regiment received official recognition on January 20, 1924. Service Battery with band section was placed at Winter Haven and later at Arcadia. Battery "F" was transferred to Winter Haven. The Medical De tachment was organized in Tampa October 6, 1922. Regi mental Headquarters Battery was placed in Ft. Myers but in 1937 was moved to St. Petersburg. On the date of Federal recognition, Major Lowry was promoted to Colonel and regimental commander. Effective July 16, 1933 the regiment was converted from horse-drawn artillery to truck-drawn artillery. The horses . were disposed of and trucks were issued in their : place. On October 4, 1934 Colonel Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., was promoted to Brigadier General and Commanding General, 56th Field Artillery Brigade, of which the 116th Field Artillery was a part. Lieut. Colonel Homer W. Heste . rly was advanced to Colonel in command of the regiment on October 23, 1934. I The year 1937 brought to the regiment superior rating, national recognition ,and the highest efficiency standing of any National Guard Regiment in the United, States . Dur ing 1938, Major General George Van Horn Moseley, then commander of the Fourth Corps Area, twice publicly stated that the 116th Field Artillery was "the finest regiment in the world." INDUCTION On November 25, 1940 the regiment was inducted into Federal Service and remained in training at each unit's home station until the latter part of December 1940. It Trucks passing on Franklin Street leaving on its long anticipated trip to Camp Blanding. then moved to Camp Blanding, Florida, to begin intensive training as a part of the Army of the United States. The 'unit retained its home station at Camp Blanding through out 1941 and participated as a regiment in the Army ma neuvers both in Louisiana and in North Carolina. In Febru ary 1942 it moved with the Division to Camp Bowie, near Brownwood, Texas. With the reorganization of the 31st Division as a tri angular division on February 26, 1942 the regiment was broken up into two separate battalions. The 1st Battalion was redesignated as the 116th Field Artillery Battalion tinder command of Lieutenant Colonel Frank C. Paul and remained as an organic part of the 31st Infantry Di vision Artillery. Headquarters 116th Field Artillery was disbanded and Colonel Homer W . Hesterly was assigned as Executive Officer of the Division Artillery. Headquarters Battery was redesignated Hq. and Serv. Co., 175th Engi neers (Gen Serv) and moved to a new station. The band was redesignated Band, 31st Infantry Division Artillery. The 2nd Battalion was redesignated as the 149th Field Artillery Battalion and remained as an organic part of the division artillery. The 116th Field Artillery Battalion inherited the Shield, Crest, Motto and Colors of the regi ment. Training as covered under the Section devoted to 31st Infantry Division Artillery was continued throughout 1942 and 1943, and February 1944 found the battalion at Camp Pickett, Virginia, fully qualified for overseas move ment. OVERSEAS l\lOVEMEXT On February 23, the 116th Field Artillery Battalion moved to Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia. Staging was com pleted and on March 1, 1944 the battalion embarked aboard the Army Transport ACONCAGUA from Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation. The ship passed through the Panama Canal on March 8, docked at Balboa for repairs, and de parted on March 13. It was necessary to return to Balboa for further repairs and the voyage was resumed March 14 . On April 10, 1944 the battalion arrived at ORO BAY, BRITISH NEW GUINEA. Camp was established with the remainder of the division in the vicinity of DOBODURA, where acclimation and jungle training occupied the time until preparations were begun for movement into a com bat area. J\IAFFIN BAY The battalion departed from ORO BAY on August 8, 1944 aboard the Transport SS MAUI, and after stopping in FINSCHAFEN several days for repairs, arrived at Inside one of the trucks enroute to Blanding

PAGE 16

MAFFIN BAY, DUTCH NEW GUINEA on August 15. Positions were occupied within the Division perimeter es tablished for ihe protection of MAFFIN BAY and the large Air Force installations on WAKDE ISLAND just off shore. At 1000 hours on August . 17 the battalion fired its first concentration in actual combat. Master Sergeant Bradley T. Shaw, Sergeant Major, gave the command to fire the first round. The first combat mission-direct support of a combat patrol from the 1st Battalion 155th Infantry-was assigned to the battalion on August 22 . This patrol was to cross WOSKE River, proceed northwest up the coast of MAFFIN BAY, cross SAWAR Creek and destroy all enemy supplies and installations between SAW AR Creek and :METIMEDAN Creek. l,iaison Sections 1 and 3 and A and C Battery forward observer parties accompanied the patrol On August 28 the same mission was assigned to the 3rd Battalion 155th Infantry. Liaison Section 3, forward observer parties from the three firing batteries and communication sections from Headquarters Battery ac companied the patrol . The enemy, because of the similar nature of the mission and actions, were better prepared. Anti-personnel mines and booby traps were numerous. All open areas on the route, particularly in and around SAW AR Airdrome had machine guns sighted on them. Enemy mortar concentrations fell on the trail and snipers had occupied strategic positions in trees and on the ground. A 20 minute artillery preparation was fired on SAW AR Creek to proceed the attack. After considerable fighting in which many casualties were inflicted on the enemy the patrol returned. Among the many Japs killed two snipers were killed by members of the artillery par ties during the return. On the evening of August 28 one round of enemy artillery fire landed within 75 yards of the cp but no casualties resulted. On September 1 the artillery of the 33rd Infantry Di vision took over the fires of the battalion and preparations were started for the next operation. l\IOROTAI ISLAND On September 9 the battalion was loaded on LCM's and taken aboard the Landing Ship Dock-USS CARTER HALL-for the amphibious assault on MOROTAI Island. The first objective of the assault force was to sieze the southwest tip of MOROTAI Island including the PITOE Airdrome (started by Japs but later abandoned) and to establish protection around an area sufficient to build supply and air installations. The 116th Field Artillery Battalion was in direct support of the 155th Infantry for the assault. The morning of D-Day September 15 found the CAR TER HALL in HALAMEHERA SEA standing approxi mately 10,000 yards off shore while a naval bombard ment was delivered on the landing beaches. At H+ 30 the first wave of the battalion in six LCM's containing Battery A, Communications and Fire Direction Sections of Head quarters Battery, 1st Platoon Company A, 98th Chemical Battalion attached and the Battalion Commander and part of his staff, landed on the south (right) edge of Red Beach. It was only two hours before extreme low tide and the landing beaeh was found to be obstructed by a coral and mud reef approximately 300 feet wide. Much diffi culty was encountered in getting personnel and equipment ashore . Vehicles were soon stalled in the mud. With the assistance of an LVT which had come in with the first waves of the infantry, the four howitzers were extracted, towed to position and were read to fire by 0945. The sec ond wave containing B Battery experienced the same A newspaper clipping from a Tampa, Fla., newspaper. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1941 116TH ARTILLERY STOPS TANKS IN LOUISIANA. 'WAR' Holds Highly-Rated F 9rce in Tracks WITH THE 116TH ON LOUISI ANA MANEUVERS, Sept. 20.-(Spe cial.)-The 116th field artillery had a Roman hollday Thursday and Friday when they pinned the highly pub llcl%ed re::ond army ' s mechanized di• Vision to the rround •o miles norttr w~t of Alexan:lrla, La. Colonel Homer W, Hesterly, Tampa, com mander or the 116th, announced to day .• Early Thurtday morning 116th re connaissance partles discovered that tanks and armored cars had circled the position of friendly Infantry and were lorming to strike the 116lh on lt.s right flank. Th'J' Couldn't Break Throu1h Immediately, 75 mllllmeter runs were z,::oved lo block the advance o! the armored division. The 116th gun emplacements not only surprised the enemy tanks and armored cars. but denied them an opportunity or de ployingand inaneuverlnr tota break through. They were compelled to make frontal attacks for which th.e 116th ,.;as already set to mtet. Throughout Thursday and unU\ conclusion of the problem Friday afternoon, the Florida artillerymen had the mechanized enemy covered, and partially . lmmoblllzed, whlle friendly ln!aqtry prevented the sec ond army infantry from spreading through the forest. . The preliminary score for the 116th Is: 55 light tanks "destroyed," 10 ar mored cars •c;a.12t11red or destroyed." and 31 or the 116th s 75-mllllmeter guns "destroyed." It will be aeveral . weeks before a complete digest oC the eniragement Is available. Red Beach, Morotai. ,...~ ' ' ~--. . ... . .. __ fyJf.'t:C;,t;;;;ii,: ;o iJii,1l: 1 i ( 1 . . w ~ :?~ . ;;-."':;.: ,: . I

PAGE 17

difficulty in landing but by the time the third wave ar rived a channel of solid ground had been found and two of the sections came ashore with ease. No enemy opposition was encountered during the land int-P.ractically the entire day was spent in extricating the bogged down equipment. By nightfall all equipment except three tractors were ashore; a landing strip for the liaison planes had been constructed and planes had flown from it to fire direct support missions and make long range reconnaissance of areas under enemy control; and the battalion was in position on PITOE Airdrome pre pared to accept missions from the infantry and also able to fire seaward in case of counterinvasion. On D+l, September 16 the first enemy opposition from the air appeared. A single plane dropped one bomb in the bay. These nuisance raids continued daily for some time. The infantry experienced practically no opposition and rapidly advanced to secure all objectives. On September 18 the battalion moved to new positions in a banana grove several miles inland from the beach where it remained during its entire stay on MOROTAI. On September 29, C Battery moved into advanced position to support the 3rd Battalion of the 155th Infantry in a reconnaissance in force up the PILOWO RIVER to destroy an estimated enemy force of 150 Japs and 150 armed Chinese coolies in their service. The liaison plane assisted greatly in this operation and 830 rounds were expended in supporting the infantry. 2472 rounds were expended by the Battalion up to October 4. From this time on the infantry continued to man the defensive perimeter which had been established to pro tect the large air force installations which had been con structed by our forces and the battalion remained in di rect support of the perimeter and of patrol actions by the infantry. Forward observer parties and Liaison planes acompanied all patrols and gave artillery support when needed. Jap bombing, raids continued to be almost a nightly occurrence up until January 1, 1945 and bombs dropped near the battalion area on several occasions. On the night of November 24 one bomb dropped in C Battery area. Four men were wounded by bomb fragments; one peep was set on fire, other vehicles and trailers were dam aged, kitchen units were damaged and six tents were blown down. Although a large fire was started by burning gasoline, it was quickly extinguished with dynamite and bulldozers. In May 1945 it was learned that the Division would participate in the MINDANAO Campaign and all activities were directed toward preparation for this operation. MINDANAO, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS The 31st Infantry Division reinforced was to move in two echelons to the previously secured PARANG area prepared for offensive action. The first echelon to arrive in the objective area on R+5. R-Day was April 17, 1945. The 116th Field Artillery was attached to the 155th In fantry. Enemy forces were estimated at 35,000-40,000 of which approximately 30,000 had been identified. Of those identi fied 19,000 were with combat or base defense units and 11,000 with service units. The major combat units identi fied were the 100th Division and parts of the 30th Division. Existing elements of the 30th Division were believed to be in the KABACAN-OMINAY-DIGOS area. On April 17, 1945 equipment and vehicles of HeadquarLeft, reading from top to bottom: General MacArthur ob serves operations of battalion in Morotai landing. T/3 air craft mechanic and artillery liaison plane. Artillery tractor coming ashore on Red Beach. T/5 John Romano and T/5 John Flannery, signal operators.

PAGE 18

ters , A, B and Service Batteries were loaded aboard LST 630. Battery C loaded aboard LST 569 with the 1st Bat talion 155th Infantry. Personnel was loaded on the 18th and the convoy departed on the 19th. The weather was good and the convoy arrived in POL LOCK HARBOR, PARANG, MINDANAO on Ap.ril 22 without incident. Unloading was completed by 2359 and the battalion occupied an assembly area a short distance from the beach. The 155th Infantry was assigned the mission of protec-t ing the installations at PARANG and the battalion re mained in this area for six days. Leaving this are3 it moved to KABACAN on April 29 and then to vicinity of KAKAR on May 2. On May 3 it reverted to Division Artillery control. In the meantime the 1!;5th Infantry had proceeded north up the SAYRE Highway following the 124th Infant y to the vicinity of KIBA WE near the junction of the SAYRE Highway and the TALOMA trail and were prepared to take over the mission of continuing the advance north. The enemy had destroyed all bridges. Two deep gorges and one large . river together with innumerable small stream crossings prevented movement of any vehicular traffic and the artillery was forced to remain at KAKAR until the Engineers could bridge the main obstacles and repair the smaller structures. At 0630 on May 11 the battalion began moving to re join the infantry, approximately 40 miles to the north. The road was barely passable and progress was slow. Trucks and trailers continually bogged down in the mud and required pulling or winching . Time after time it b~ came necessary to uncouple the artillery tractors and assist vehicles of other units of the division through the bad stretches. The night of the 11th was spent barely moving by short bounds. The road was continually re paired, \"ehicles were towed or winched with the tractors and the battalion finally occupied positions in the vicinity of KITAOTAO on April 12. Battery A was attached to the 3rd Battalion 167th Infantry to support its mission of blocking the TALOMA trail and occupied positions near the Infantry CP. The remainder of the battalion took up its mission of reinforcing the fires of the 149tl\ FA Bat talion. On the morning of May 13 the 155th Infantry relieved the 124th Infantry in spearheading the advance north. The battalion less A batter, was placed in direct support and m:>ved forward to the Yicinity of l\IARAMAG Air strip Number 1. While closing into the new position a small group of Jap infantry attacked with rifle fire and hand grenades. The attack was broken up and two of the enem y killed. Battalion casualties were one officer wound ed by rifle fire and two enlisted men wounded by grenade fragments. The infantry continued to advance without opposition and the battalion (-) moved to new positions vicinity MARAl\IAG airstrip Number 2 on the afternoon of May 14 and to the vicinity of PANADTARAN on the 15th. A Battery was relieved of its mission on the TALOMA trail and rejoined the battalion. All bridges along the route of advance were reported destroyed by .air observers. However, on May 17 the road was opened and the battalion displaced to vicinity of V ALEN"CIA. Roads again became impassable due to de stroyed bridges and intermittent heavy rains and forward Right, reading from top to bottom: The landing on Red Beach, :uorotai. A stalled "buffalo" on Sabatai River. Artlllery "buffalo" carrying sup1>lies on the Sabatai River. 116th chapel on l\lorotai. The Xmas mural.

PAGE 19

movement was prevented until the morning of the 19th. The new area was in the vicinity of MAILAG just south of the MANUPALI River. The bridge across this wide ••-river had been destroyed and forward movement was again interrupted until a . bridge was completed on the afternoon of the 15th. The battalion less Battery B moved into positions between MALAYBALAY and LINABO crossroads. At approximately 1510 while the occupation of position was still in progress, heavy enemy artillery fire was received in the area and continued until 1640. During this time and with the aid of air .observation, counter battery fire was delivered by A battery with -unobserved results. The enemy ceased firing however and alternate positions were occupied. Six casualties and several battle fatigue cases were evacuated to the rear as a result of the ~nemy fire. On May 21 the battalion moved across country to po. sitions just south of MALAYBALAY Airstrip. While there the juncture between elements of the 40th Division and the 31st Division was effected. On May 27 the battalion less C battery moved to MA NAGOK to support the 1st Battalion 124th Infantry aper. ating to the east. Battery C oved to MAILAG to support the 155th Infantry operating east of the PULANGI River. On the evening of May 29 the battalion area at Managok received a heavy barrage of enemy artillery and mortar fire from the mountains directly in front to the east. On the evening of June 1 it was repeated. Considerable damage was inflicted during the two shellings. Many had narrow escapes and three officers and 10 men were wounded. Miraculously none were killed. The following day, June 2, the battalion joined C Bat tery near MAILAG : Crossing the PULANGI River was ac complished by towing necessary wheeled vehicles across with tractors. By June 19 all of the battalion had returned to the vicinity of MALAYBALAY and were busily engaged in the construction of a camp. On June.20 Battery A left for BUGO to join the 1st Battalion 155th Infantry on an opera tion up the AGUSAN RIVER valley. Arriving at BUGO after a very difficult trip over muddy roads it embarked on LCM's on June 24 and arrived at BUTUAN the follow ing morning . On June 26 the LCM's proceeded up the AGUSAN River, spent the night at TALACOGON and unloaded at SAGUNTO on June 28. The battery con tinued to support the infantry in extensive patrol ac tivities in this area until September and then rejoined the battalion. During the MINDANAO campaign a total of 3521 rounds were expended. Four Officers and 21 enlisted men were wounded. Late in July the battalion moved to the vicinity of DEL MOmE airstrip to act as school troops for "X Corps Combined Arms School" being organized there and re mained at this location for the duration of its stay on MINDANAO. Major Joel C. Garrard took command of the battalion on August 11 when Lieutenant Colonel Paul retuined to the States on points. On November 30 the battalion left MINDANAO aboard the transport BARNETT arriving in San Francisco on December 18. Troops remained aboard ship until Decem ber 19 when they moved to Camp Stoneman, California to await transportation to their respective separation centers. The Battalion was inactivated as of December 20, 1945. From top to bottom: 116th Camp area (lower right) at Dobodura. Artillery cat driver at Sagunto. "Howitzer," mascot, served entire period overseas and returned for in activation with troops in December. PFC Philip L. Silver, Sgt. John D. Rickerson, 2nd Lt. Norwood F. Boop opening 10 in one rations on Sagunto.

PAGE 20

1 4 9 TH F I E L D W. EUGENE JONES Lieutenant Colonel Commanded Battalion from February 26, 1942 to November 30, 1944. S-3 , Division Artillery, untU February 1945 . GEORGE E. BAYA IJeutenant Colonel Commanded 2nd Battalion 116th Field Artillery from Induction to February 25 , 1942. U7 ART.ILLERY MILTON E. HULL Lieutenant Colonel Commanded Battalion from December 21, 1944 untU In activation of Battalion December 21 , 1945. JOSEPH J. HILL Lieutenant Colonel Commanded Battalion from December 1, 1944 to December 20, 1944. .

PAGE 21

HISTORY QF 149TH FIELD ARTILLERY eATTALIOn The 149th Field Artillery Battalion stems from two sources and has reason to be proud of both. It was or ganized and Federally recognized originally as the 2nd Battalion of the 116th Field Artillery on August 23, 1923. When inducted into Federal service on November 25, 1940 under command of Lieutenant Colonel George E. Baya it had Batteries at the following home stations in Florida .. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Bartow; Bat tery D, Lakeland; Battery E, Plant City; and Battery F at Winter Haven. Batteries remained in training at their home stations until December 19th when the 31st Di vision took up its station at Camp Blanding, Florida. The battalion participated as part of the 116th Field Artillery regiment until the Division was reorganized as a triangular division at Camp Bowie, Texas. On February 26, 1942 the battalion was honored with the name of the 149th Field Artillery which had served with honor and distinction in France in World War I. Redesignated as the 149th Field Artillery Battalion un der command of Lieutenant Colonel W. Eugene Jones it remained as an organic part of the Division. . Training continued as outlined in the section devoted to 31st Infantry Division Artillery throughout 1942 and 1943. MOVEl\lENT OVERSEAS At 0630, January 29, 1944 the battalion departed from Camp Pickett, Virginia and arrived in Camp Patrick Henry in the afternoon. On February 9 after 10 days of final preparation for overseas movement it moved by train to the Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation. On the morning of departure the ground was heavily covered with snow, slush and mud, and a cold rain was falling intermittently. At Norfolk the troops debarked from the train .and trans ferred to the Ferry MOHAWK for the crossing of Nor folk Bay. As each man boarded the S S CAPE HEN LOPEN; he removed and turned in his overcoat. The HENLOPEN sailed on the morning of February 10, 1944 in convoy with other ships of the Division and ar rived at CRISTOBAL, Canal Zone February 16. Troops debarked for exercise on the pier. Arrangements were made to have ice cream delivered to the pier, which proved to be the last for many months to come. The passage through the Canal by daylight on the 17th was thoroughly enjoyed by all aboard. At 1600 on Febru ary 18 the Canal was left behind and the lrong trip across the Pacific was begun. No land was sighted during the entire trip and March 15 the HENLOPEN reached MILNE BAY where she anchored to await orders. Anchor was . weighed at 1600 on March 16 and next dropped at ORO BAY, BRITISH, NEW GUINEA at 0740, March 17, 1944. Unloading of troops and cargo was begun immediately and camp was established in the vicinity of DOBODURA. Acclimation to the tropics was started. Many hours of instruction in living in the jungle, malaria control, jungle diseases and relations with the natives were given. Trips were made to the Battlefield ~nd Cemetery at BUNA and at GON:A, and construction and improvement of the camp was continued. AITAPE On June 23, 1945 the battalion was alerted for move ment to a combat area as a part of the 124th Regimental Combat Team. About half of the battalion with all of the equipment loaded aboard the Liberty Ships S S GOODHUE and S S BARNES on June 29. The ships were greatly overcrowded. carrying approximately 1200 troops 1.ol8 in-addition to deck loaded vehicles. Sleeping, feeding and sanitary facilities were quite a problem, but the men en dured the hardships cheerfully and the ships dropped anchor at AITAPE, DUTCH NEW GUINEA on the night of July 4, 1945. The remainder of the Battalion loaded on LCI's at CAPE SUDEST, ORO BAY on July 3 and ar rived at AITAPE on July 6. Elements of the Japanese 18th Army composed of the 20th, 41st and 51st Divisions had been threatening the AITAPE area for some time. The bulk of the US 32nd Infantry Division reinforced by the 112 Cavalry were holding at the DRINIUMOR RIVER about 12 miles east of the main installations, while service troops were maning the inner perimeter. From captured documents and state ments of prisoners it was anticipated the Japs would attack with a large force between July 1-10, but at the time of arrival of the combat team this attack had not developed. Originally it was planned the 124th Infantry with the 149th FA attached would make an amphibious landing using LCT's and LCM's for transport, at NYAPARAKE on the coast to seize and expand a beachhead east of the DRINIUMOR RIVER and make contact with a force from the 32nd Division which was to push across the river to the east. This landing was to take place on July 13 and was to be supported with naval and air forces .. However on the night of July 10 the Japs attacked with consider able :force at the DRINIUMOR RIVER and succeeded in penetrating the center of the line. This break through caused a complete change of plans. On the morning of the 12th the 124th Infantry was ordered to forward as sembly area just short of ANAMO to attack on the 13th and restore the river line. . The 149th FA attached to the, 32nd Infantry Division Artii,ery and in direct support of the 124th Infantry be gan its movement at noon of the 12th and by 1600 all except A Battery had arrived in position on a narrow sand split about 100 yards wide just west of the mouth of AKANAI CREEK. Light vehicles were able to cross the bridge over the NIGIA river and proceed east on the beach to the position area but the howitzers and tractors had to be ferried by LCT. Large bodies of Japs were known to be just south of the position area with no infantry in between. With only three hours of daylight remaining, feverish haste was made in digging in the howitzers, constructing pill boxes and fox holes and preparing the battalion's first perimeter in contact with the enemy. The first round of artillery fired in actual combat by the battalion and also by any artillery unit of the 31st Division was fired at 0752 on July 13, 1944, by the Second Section of B Battery. The lanyard was pulled by Sergeant David Ballard,' the oldest enlisted man, from point of serv ice in B Battery. Prior to the jump-off of the 124th Infantry the battalion fired a 20 minute preparation of approximately 500 rounds. Approximately 1300 rounds were expended during the day. Continuous support in front of the infantry was highly instrumental in their rapid advance and the DRINIUMOR RIVER line was restored late in the after noon of the 13th. Forward observer parties and Liaison officer parties accompanied the infantry at all time and adjusted fire in conjunction with air observers. In the af ternoon of the 13th a battalion wire laying party was fired on by enemy mortars between the infantry lines and

PAGE 22

the battalion position. One wireman was wounded by shrapnel. Protective barrages were fired, close to the in fantry, for their protection in case of night attack and this became standard procedure for the next four weeks. On Friday, July 14 the battalion received a citation for the Operation of July 13, 1944. It was from the Command ing General of the PERSECUTION COVERING FORCE and is quoted here: "Congratulate your entire force upon their success of July 13. The enemy still requires complete liquidation. Your demonstrated resolute spirit and determination give me greatest confidence in your ability." The Commanding General of the Force Artillery also added the following: "By your accuracy, skill and courage you have proved your mettle, and I am proud to have the privilege of con veying to your officers and men the Force Commander's message". For the next period extending from July 15-30, days and nights were very similar. The infantry continued to im prove their lines along the DRINIUMOR until large bunk ers were finally constructed . The 149th displaced about 500 yards west along the beach when high tides threatened to wash away the sand spit and the position area and perimeter was continually improved . The threat of Jap infiltration into the artillery position was always present and infiltration into the infantry positions was the rule rather than the exception. The period was characterized by continuous and aggressive patrolling by all elements. Frequent calls came in for artillery support both day and night. On one occasion the Japs attacked the river line in a column of fours, but were halted with considerable loss by timely artillery fire . Many remunerative targets were fired by all forward observers and Liaison Officers. C Battery Forward Observer, on one occasion located a group of Japs dug-in to the rear of his infantry and ad justed and fired a heavy concentration on them, which resulted in the neutralization and subsequent capture of a Jap 70mm gun. Artillery observers of the battalion were particularly active in patrolling with the infantry. Captured documents indicated that elements of the Japanese 237th and 239th Infantry Regiments were in the area east of the DRINIUMOR RIVER in the vicinity of NIUMEN CREEK. On July 31 the 124th Infantry rein forced with the 2nd Battalion 169th Infantry and with the 149th FA in direct support began an operation which upon completion was described by General 1\1:cArthur as "a feat unparalleled in the history of jungle warfare." The route of advance was east to NIUMEN CREEK, south along the creek to its headwaters and thence southwest and west back to the DRINIUMOR in the vicinity of AFUA: mission to envelop the enemy, cut off his supply lines and close him in a pincer between this force and those holding at the river . Forward observer and liaison officer parties from the battalion were attached to all in fantry battalions . Such a movement meant being cut off from all supplies other than by air drop, no communi cation other than relay through artillery nets, no evacua tion for days, plus the usual hardships of sleepless nights, cold wet clothing and the ceaseless resistance of the jungle; all of .this not to mention the constant resistance of the Jap, who apparently was in his natural habitat in the jungle. On August 1 the 149th moved to new positions on the 100 yard wide beach in the vicinity of CHAKILA about 1000 yards west of the mouth of the DRINIUMOR. Every available man was required in clearing away the thick jungle on the south for fields of fire for machine guns and small arms and to lower the mask for firing to the south. Very little artillery support was required for the in149 Gun crew in action at Ait:ipe fantry's advance to NIUMEN Creek, but on Aiigust 2 the battalion fired heavy concentrations on enemy positions as a "softening-up" for the attack south the next day .. The night of August 2-3 proved to be the most event ful in the history of the battalion's mission at AITAPE . Just after midniglit a small force of Japs infiltratea into the battaliop position area from the jungle on the south under cover of intermittent rain and the noise of firing by the battalion. They divided into about four groups of two or three each and headed for each of the batteries. One group managed to crawl into A Battery area and set off two demolition charges in the battery ammunition dump. A number of men were sleeping in the vicinity, two enlisted men were killed instantly and several others wounded. One officer was wounded when they tossed a hand grenade on their way out of the area. Very fortu nately the demolitions did not detonate the ammunition although some of it was blown many yards. At about 0300 another attempt was made to enter tile area and one Jap was killed within a few yards of a B Battery howitzer which he was endeavoring to reach to set off another demolition charge. Another Jap was thought to be wounded as blood and several demolition charges were found nearby the next morning. At 0500 another Jap was seen escaping from the area. A small patrol was sent out south the next morning. This patrol saw two Japs, killed one of them and the other escaped. Two packs were found which contained rice, personal equipment and demo lition charges. In the afternoon an infantry patrol killed another Jap and located other equipment. The infantry continued to push south against stiff and fanatical resistance .at times, while the battalion fur nished accurate and effective artillery support whenever needed . Defensive fires and harrassing missions were fired during the night. The battalion's two "Cub" observation

PAGE 23

planes flew daily from dawn to after dusk; conducting fire missions; locating and guiding the infantry; dropping urgently needed blood plasma, radio batteries, shoes and other small supplies; maintaining radio contact; arid guiding C-47 cargo planes to dropping grounds with ra tions and other critically needed supplies. By August 8 all of the infantry battalions were moving west toward -AFUA to complete the closure and a heavy toll had been taken of the Japs as they were pinched between the two forces. Many Jap prisoners expressed awe at the amount and accuracy of the artillery fire they constantly re ceived, and one Jap officer was said ,to have asked to see the automatic artillery. On August 10 all of the 124th Infantry had returned to the west side of the DRINIUMOR and artillery tractors were sent to AFUA to bring out their heavy equipment. The 152nd FA of the 43rd Infantry Division relieved the 149th and the battalion moved to a bivouac at TADJI PLANTATION for rest and preparation for the next opera tion. Casualties of the battalion for the AITAPE campaign were two enlisted men killed in action and 12 enlisted men and three officers wounded. Three of the enlisted men died of their wounds. Close to 10,000 rounds of artillery were fired during the campaign. Many commendations were received but the highest praise and the. one the bat talion appreciated most, were statements of the doughboys who said "the artillery had given them every possible measure of support and as far as they were concerned the 149th FA was the finest artillery in the U. S. Army." Below: Native women and children, Morotai Bottom: The 149th camp area, l\lorotai l\IOROTAI ISLAND On September 3, 1944, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery and B Battery, loaded on LST No. 470; A Bat tery on LST No .. 459; C Battery on LST No. 474 for a dry run of the coming assault on MOROTAI ISLAND. The trial landing was held next day and troops returned to 'bivouac. On September 9 troops reloaded and the convoy sailed for MOROTAI. On D-Day, September 15, the battalion landed on White Beach in direct support of the 124th Infantry, whose mis sion was to seize initial beach head and then advance to seize D-Day objectives. At 1045 the Battalion Commander with the battalion reconnaissance party debarked from LST No. 470 in an L.V.T. The landing of the remainder of the battalion was delayed when it was found due to coral reefs at the selected point LST's could not get close enough to shore. A second attempt further south on the peninsular was successful and the battalion started de barking at 1130. By 1500 the Battalion was in position on the west side of the peninsular and a defensive perimeter was under construction. Opposition was negligible and the infantry reached its objective at 1500. A protective bar rage was fired in front of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions as soon as they began digging in for the night. No artillery support was required by the infantry and after one intervening change of position the battalion occupied its final position September 19 in a cocoanut grove on the beach in the vicinity of GOTALALAMO VILLAGE. On September 30 the remainder of Service Battery which had been the rear echelon at AITAPE, rejoined the bat Wion. Construction and improvement of the camp, maintenance of equipment, furnishing labor details fer the operation of the base and fatigue duties, occupied most of the long stay on the Island. The infantry occupied a defensive perim eter protecting the large air force installations and the battalion remained in direct support. of the 124th Infan try. Some protective barrages were fired but no supporting fires were r.equired. l\IAPIA ISLANDS OPERATION On November 10, 1944 the 149th FA furnished one firing Battery with attached elements to form the artillery por tion of the 2nd Battalion 167th Infantry Combat Team. The mission of the Combat Team was to capture or destroy all enemy forces occupying the MAPI ISLAND GROUP, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES, lying half way between BIAK and MORATAI. D-Day was November 15, 1944. Battery A, together with Liaison Party No. 1 frcm Head quarters Battery and an ammunition Section from Service Battery received the assignment. The major portion of the personnel and equipment was loaded aboard LSM 148 and LSM 158 en November 12. Each howitzer and all gun section equipment was loaded on a DUKW and these in turn were loaded on the LSM's. The convoy sailed from MOROTAI on November 13 and arrived without incident off PEGUN ISLAND before dawn on the 15th. H-hour was set at 0630. Following naval gunfire by Destroyers and a rocket barrage by LCI Gun boats, the Combat Team landed without opposition at PEGUN Village near the southern tip of the island. The artillery howitzers were brought ashore on the DUKWS, unloaded and placed in position near the village by 0820. As the infantry met no resistance on PEGUN ISLAND (the 13 Japs found there had committed suicide prior to contact) the Battery displaced the DUKW to its extreme northern tip. Concentrations were fired on the nearby BRAS Island during the night and infantry elements landed on the southern tip of the island on the morning

PAGE 24

of the 16th foilowing an artillery preparation from 0745 to 0835 . Only slight resistance was encountered. On the morning of the 17th, a series of concentrations were fired in front of the infantry advancing by bounds up the east side of BRAS Island, and the forward observer later called for fire on the northern tip of the island prior to the final assault there. Intermittent fires were also placed on FANILDO Island throughout the day. Approximately 2400 rounds had been fired up to this point. At 0645, November 18, fire was requested on approxi mately 100 Japs dug in on the west coast of BRAS Island. The battery fired on this target until 0740. Fire was lifted and the infantry took this last enemy position without further resistance; all of the Japs were killed or com mitted suicide. At 1245 on the 18th a preparation was delivered on F ANILDO Island prior to landing of infantry elements. The small island was searched but no enemy was found . As this was the last remaining island of the MAPIA GROUP the battery loaded on LSM 148 and LSM 314 on the 20th and arrived again at MOROTAI on November 22, 1944. There were no serious casualties among the artillery personnel 2985 rounds were fired by the Battery in the operation. On November 30 Lieutenant Colonel W. Eugene Jones was assigned S-3 of the Division Artillery Staff and Major Joseph J. Hill took command of the battalion. On December 20 Major Hill was transferred to the 114th FA and Major Milton E. Hull took command. He was later promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and remained in command until inac tivation of the Battalion. Late in February 1945 an extended period of refresher training was undertaken with special emphasis on physical conditioning and a review of open warfare methods in preparation for operations in the Philippines . . MINDANAO The Division Field Order for the MINDANAO (V-5) Op eration attached the 149th FA to the 124th Regimental Combat Team. Loading of equipment and vehicles began April 17-18 1945 ; Battery B and Liaison Section No . 2 on LST 649; and the remainder of the battalion on LST 589. The convoy left MOROTAI ISLAND on April 19. After an une v entful trip the battalion unloaded and closed in to an assembly area near the beach at PARANG, MINDANAO, on April 22. The following day it moved to the north bank of the MINDANAO RIVER , vicinity of COTABATO . The 24th Infantry Division had previously secured the PARANG-COTABATO area and was now proceeding east on Highway 1 toward KABACAN .and DAVAO . The 124th Regimental Combat Team was ordered to proceed by road and river to KABACAN and thence north on the SAYRE Highway (No. 3) to KIBAWE. The battalion's wheeled vehicles moved by road (High ways 5 and 1), while the tractors and howitzers moved up the MINDANAO and PULANGI Rivers aboard LCM's . Leading elements reached the ferry crossing on the PU LANGI north of KABACAN on April 27. The 2nd Battalion 124th Infantry followed by B Battery 149th began a night march up the highway to secure two large bridges spanning deep ravines about 25,000 yards to the north. At approximately 0200 on the 28th small arms tracer fire was observed several thousand yards to the north and the Battery occupied firing positions . The infantry had encountered an estimated battalion of Japs dug in astride the highway and needed artillery support . Radio contact was established with the Artillery Liaison Officer accompanying the infantry and protective concen trations were adjusted in the dark by sound in front and 151 on both sides of the force. Several enemy attacks were launched but all were stopped by artillery and infantry fire. The Japs withdrew just before dawn. After an artillery preparation at day break the infantry passed through the enemy position without !urther resistance. The 3rd Battalion 124th Infantry passed through the 2nd Battalion on the 28th and B Battery later joined by C Bat tery fired intermittently during the day supporting its ad vance. Although the infantry advanced rapidly they were unable to secure the two bridges before they were de stroyed. On April 29 the battalion moved forward to po sitions approximately 12 miles north of KABACAN and continued support of the 3rd Battalion through the 30th. Principal targets, observed and adjusted by Liaison plane pilot observers were Jap emplacements and small groups in the vicinity of the many small bridges along the high way. Forward elements of the infantry were now out of ar tillery range and crossing the gorge previously spanned by one of the destroyed bridges required a major engineering operation. Forward displacement was impossible. Company A, 106th Engineers had succeeded in constructing a cable Below: Overlooking the camp area, Morotai Bottom: The 149th picture show

PAGE 25

Camp area on Morotai crossing over the chasm but it would handle only -ton vehicles and was used to cross light infantry vehicles. Liaison and forward observer party vehicles were put across with infantry vehicles. On May 1 the 149th FA battalion succeeded in construct ing a cable crossing capable of handling 105mm Howitzers and %-ton vehicles, and by 1800 had put four Howitzers, one ~~-ton truck, 11 -ton trucks and nine -ton trailers across. During the night the 4.2 Chemical Mortar Company was put across. At 0600 in the morning the cablebroke, dropping one -ton truck into the gorge. It was soon re constructed and until May 3 was the only means of get ting many critically needed supplies and vehicles forward to the rapidly advancing infantry, in addition to evacuat ing casualties to the rear. A total of 172 vehicles were put across by the battalion. Other destroyed bridges including a large one across the MULITA River prevented the artillery from going for ward . The Engineers worked night and day but it was May 9 before sufficient construction had been completed and the battalion was allowed to move. Despite the efforts of the engineers the road was in terrible condition. The bat talion ' s heavy loads required almost continuous use of winches. By-passes had been cleared around the many burned and blown up small bridges but additional pioneer ing had to be done practically all the way. Finally at mid night May 11 the Battalion occupied positions in the vicin ity of KITAOTAO. At 0730, May 12 (the 8th day of the battle of COLGAN WOODS) the battalion resumed direct support of the 124th Infantry. A total of 721 rounds were placed on Jap posi tions in the woods, dive bombers dropped an additional 50 tons of bombs and the infantry launched a final attack, taking the woods without further opposition . The 155th Infantry now passed through the 124th to continue the advance north and the 149th FA went into general support. Only light and scattered resistance was encountered. By May 22 MALAYBALAY had been secured and the battalion, l~ss Battery A, occupied positions near 152 the town. Battery A was in position at the LINABO cross roads supporting the 1st Battalion 124th Infantry in its advance on the town of MAGLAMIN, and later moved to MANIGOK . On May 23 the battalion was placed in qirect support of the 3rd Battalion 124th Infantry for its advance east from MALAYBALAY to SILAE. May 27 displacement to the east was necessary in order to bring SILAE within artillery range . A I trail skirted the foothills of the mountains and lead through a pass into SILAE valley but even tractors had great difficulty in traversing the route. Heavy rains hampered the advance but after several days _ of almost superhuman effort the howitzers of B Battery were ad vanced far enough to keep within supporting range of the infantry. Ammunition had to be carried by hand and food was dropped by planes . By utilizing the bed of a mountain stream which traversed the valley B Battery was advanced far enough forward on June 1 to bring SILAE within range. The battery continued to fire in support of the in fantry until it reached SILAE and was withdrawn on June 21. Five days of ceaseless work were required to get the equipment back out but only one ammunition trailer was abandoned. By May 22 all elements had been relieved of their tactical mission and the battalion began the con struction of a Camp area with the remainder of the Division Artillery several miles south of MALABA Y. On September 25 a new camp was established in the vicinity of DEL MONTE airstrip in the old Del Monte Pineapple plantation area where the return to the United States was anxiously awaited. During the MINDANAO Campaign 4398 rounds were expended. There were no casualties. The battalion left MINDANAO on the Transport U.S. S. GENERAL OMAR BUNDY, arriving at the Golden Gate on December 19. San Francisco was overflowing with re turning troops and personnel remained aboard ship until December 23 after which they were transported to Camp Stoneman, California, to await transportation to their re spective separation centers . The battalion was inactivated as of midnight December 21.

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AWARDS RECEIUED . BY fflEfflBERS OF THE DIUISIOD ID WORLD WAR. II . DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS Presidential Order, January 2, 1918. Confirmed by Congress, July 9, 1918. President was authorized to present, but not in name of Congress, this decora tion to any person serving in the Army after April 6, 1917, who shall distin guish "himself or herself by extraordinary heroism against an armed enemy." CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj. Gen., USA Columbia, S. C. GEORGE D. WILLIAMS, Lt. Col., Int., Birmingham, Ala . THOMAS A. COLGAN, (P) Capt. (Chap• J.aln) CHC Ch i cago, m. RALPH J. BJORKLAND, (P) 1st Lt., Inf., Bramard, Mil\n. DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL By Presidential Order January 2, 1918, confirmed by Congress July 9, 1918, the President was authorized to present, but not in the : name of Congress, this medal to any person serving in the Army after April 6, : 1917, who distinguishes himself or herself by "exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility." JOHN C. PERSONS, Maj. Gen., USA Birmingham, Ala. SUMTER L. LOWRY, JR., Brig. Gen .. USA Tampa, Fla. LEGION OF MERIT Legion of Merit created by Congress July 20, 1942. Degrees of Chief Com mander, Officer, and Legionnaire: for award to personnel of armed forces of friendly foreign nations, and personnel of armed forces of .United States and of the Philippines. CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj . Gen., USA Columbia, s. C. LEROY S . GRAHAM, Col., Inf Alpine, Tex . WALTER J. HANNA, Col., Inf Birming. ham. Ala, EDWARD M. STARR, Col . , Inf Washing• ton, D. C. ~?~~~~.1ii!.-OWLER, Lt . Col., Inf Bir• JOSEPH J . HILL, Lt. Col., Bartow, Fla. MARK W . LANCE, Lt. Col., GSC Talia• hasse. Fla. LEON L. MATHEWS, Lt. Col. , Inf .• Bir mingham. Ala. VIRGIL S. ATKINS; Lt . Col., Inf., Clarks dale, Miss. DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER (British) CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj . Gen., USA Columbia, S. C. ttank shown Is that held on date of original award. 177

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SILVER STAR MEDAL In 1932 the Army Silver Citation Star was placed on a bronze pendant and a ribbon of its own was designed , instead of being placed on a campaign medal ribbon. Silver Star Medal, by Act of Congress December 15, 1942, is awarded for "each citation . of any person for gallantry in action while serving in any capacity with the Army .. . not warranting the award of a medal of honor or distinguished service cross . " Silver Star Medal was made Navy decoration August 7, 1942, by Act of Congress. .. CLARENCE A. MARTIN. MaJ . Gen . USA Columbia, S . C. THOMAS F. HICKEY, B r ig, Gen . , USA Washington, D. C . ./ Josg~ ianf~~~SON , Brig. Gen . LEROY S. GRAHAM, Col . , Inf Alpine, Tex WALTER J . HANNA, Col. , Inf Birming ham , Ala. EDWARD M . STARR, Col ., Inf Washing ton, D. c. WILBUR E . KOONCE, Lt. Col. , Inf Jack .Eon. Miss. MANUEL A. BERGENS . Maj., MC New Springfield, N . Y. *STEPHEN S. BROWN, MaJ .. FA Clarks ville , Pa. THOMAS M . DEAS, Maj . , MC New Or lean s . La. RICHARD D. WELCH, Maj ., Inf Laurel, Miss. OTHO T . WINSTEAD, MaJ .. Inf Lynch burg , Va . NORMAN S . BEEBE, C a pt., MC CoUa,c, JU. (P) GEORGE L. CELLES, Jr., Capt .. !nf Washington. Miss . . FREDERICH M . FOWKES , Capt .. FA Chi• cago , Ill . WILLIAM H . FREELAND. Capt., FA Nor man . Okla . ALLEN G . GIFFORD , Capt .. MC Schaght• icoke, N. Y. AUBREY C . GRIFFIN Capt .. Inf Jackson, Miss . STANLEY GROSSMAN, Capt., Inf Forest Hill. L. I . , N. Y. HARCLD L. HANSEN. Capt. , Inf Pitts burg, Kans . CHARLES A. KNOBLAUCH, Capt . , In.f Bay City, Mich . HOWELL S . KOPP , Capt ., FA Pensacola , Fla. J . 'b-k~NDALL _ Capt .• Inf Duncan, WILLIAM A . LOCY, Capt., Inf Longvie w , Tex. JAMES H. MASSINGILL, Jr.. Capt., Inf Tuscaloosa, Ala . WILLIAM V . O'CONNOR, Capt., (Chap• . lain) CHC Seymo r, Conn. MARION D . ODELL, Capt., Inf Atlantic Beach, Fla. AIDAN R. POTTER , Capt ., (Chaplain) CHC St . Louis , Mo. JAMES E . ROBSON, Capt .. Inf South Bend , Wash. EDWIN. L. SAUCY, Capt. , Inf Napa, Callf . JESSE L . WALKER, Capt., MC Cuthbert, Ga. WILLIAM G . BLACK , 1st Lt., Inf Green ville, Ill . GA.UDEN W . BOHME. 1st Lt., Inf Indian apolis, Ind. (P) Indicates Posthumous award. PAUL 0. BURGESS, 1st Lt .. Inf Esslngton, Pa . WILSON GORDON , 1st Lt.. Inf Floralll, Ala . . JAMES B . HOLLOWAY , Jr . 1st Lt . , FA Houston , Tex . (P)HARRY JACOBS, 1st Lt., Inf Branford , Conn. FRANCIS JETER, 1st Lt., FA Dallas, Tex. (P)JOHN G . KA.STANAS, 1st Lt ., Inf EDWARD N: KRAUSE 1st Lt., FA Berlin, Wis . JERROLD R . MILLS, 1st Lt .. FA Water ville, Kans. JOHN 0. NEIKffiK, 1st Lt., FA New York, N . Y . VINCENT C. OLSON, 1st Lt .. Inf Boyce ville, Wis . RAYMOND C . OWENS, 1st Lt . , FA Louis v ille, Ky. ALBERT F. PARKER , 1st Lt .. FA Hatties burg. Mis s . ROBERT T . PIGG. Jr .. 1st Lt .. FA GrJ:n wood. Miss . JOSEPH T . SHERIN, 1st Lt. , Inf Belle ros e, N. Y. HARLIN L. WAGNER 1st Lt .. Inf West Desola. Mo . ALFRED A. WIENER , 1st Lt .. FA Los Angeles, Calif . FRANK J . zmBUS , 1st Lt .. FA Trenton. Tex. WILLIAM E. ASHLEY, 2nd Lt . , Inf Gads den. Ala. LINDSEY M. BISHOP 2nd Lt ., FA Atlanta. Ga . (P)SCOTT R . BLANTON. 2nd Lt .. Inf Alburquerque . N . Mex . RICHARD F. DUNLAP , 2nd Lt . Roanoke, Va . GEORGE R . MACNAMARA . Jr .. 2nd Lt .. lnf Orlando, Fla. CARL N . STROHSCHEIN, 2nd Lt .. MAC Gibsland, La . WALLACE P . TAYLOR, 2nd Lt .. Inl Aberdeen, M i ss . LESTER B. WHITAKER. 2nd Lt., Red• wood. Miss . JESSE C. BROWN, 1st Sgt., Jnf Odessa . Mo. BLAISE D . MALAGARIE . 1st Sgt . . Cav .. Broussard. La. (P) WOODROW L . CRUMBLEY, Tech. Sgt . , Inf, Laurel, Miss . . WILLIAM 0 . GRAY. Tech. Sgt .. Inf , Col lin s ville, Ala . PAUL C. HOOD, Tech . Sgt .. Inf , Collins• ville. Ala . (P) WILLIAM S. LEDBETTER , Tech . S g t , Inf. Benton, Miss. ELTON P . LIZANA, Tech. Sgt . , Inf , GuU port, Miss . JACK METCALF, Tech. Sgt . , Inf. San Antonio, Tex . *Indicates Bronze Oak leaf cluster to original award . 178 (P) CLIFFORD C. VANARTSDALEN , Tech Sgt .. Inf, Mt . Olive, Miss. GEORGE J . WOLUSKY, Tech . Sgt., Inf ." South Boston, Mass. FRED A. BA.KER , S . Sgt ., Inf , Brookhaven , Miss. ANTHONY W. BORGOMATO, S . Sgt., Inf. Boston, Mass . (P)HUGH L. COLLINS, S . Sgt., Inf, Ope• Ilka, Ala. ROBERT P . CROWDER, Jr ., S . Sgt., Inf. Savannah, Ga. TOM DOBBS, S . Sgt.. Inf, Grant. Ala . CLIFTON DODSON, S. Sgt .. MD. Plain Dealing , La . JAMES H. EDWARDS, S. Sgt., MD, Hol landale, Miss. (P)ROBERT L . EVANS, S. Sgt., MD, San ford. Fla . CLIFFORD A . GONYEA. S. Sgt., Cav, Springfield, Mass. . (P)HOWARD D . GOOU.SBY, S . Sgt., L'l!. Larkenvllle . A l a . LUCIAN E. HELTON , S . Sgt., Inf , Iuka , Miss. HAROLD H. HINTERLITER. S . Sgt .. Inf . Long Island . N . Y . CURTIS W. JOHNSON , S . Sgt . , Inf , Sec tion, Ala. WILLIAM P . KING , s . Sgt., Inf , Gunters ville . Al a. TURNER D . LEGGETT, S. Sgt., Relnzie . Ml!S , (P)JACK E . MARTIN, S. Sgt ., Inf, Lib• erty, Ala . THEODORE D . MARTIN, S . Sgt ., Ini . . Wnllk!IL N. Y . (P)FRANK McLEMORE, S. Sgt ., Inf, Sul ligent, Ala . WILLIAM L. PATRICK , S. Sgt .. Inf . Orlando. Fla . COY W . SCOTT, S. Sgt .. Inf, Ponce De Leon , Fla. THOMAS H. SEALE. S. S g t.. Inf. Tus caloosa , Ala . ROY J. SLIKER. S . Sgt .. Inf . Branchville . N . J . ODIS H. TAYLOR. S . Sgt . , Inf, Oxford , M i ss. WALTER C . WADE , S . Sgt . , Inf. Oxford . Ala . WALTER L . WALLACE, S. Sgt .. Inf. Cro~sville . Ala . (P)JAMES B. WOODALL, S. Sgt . , Inf , Summit , Mlss. ARTHUR J. BARRY , T/3, MD, Gardener. N. Y. (P)RAY T . ATKINSON , Sgt ., In f , Can ton, Ohio COLUMBUS H . BOWERS. Sgt .. Inf. Hart• well, Ga. CLARENCE CONOLLEY, Sgt., Inf, Oxford. Ala. ROBERT H. LA.VIGNE, Sgt., Inf, Clare• mont, N. H .

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CLARENCE W. CURB, Sgt., Cav, Greens• boro, Al.a. (P)ELBERT L. HEMPHILL, Sgt., Inf, Jack1on, Miss. (P)ROBERT E. mMLER. Sgt .• Inf. Derry. Pa. STANLEY S. LABENSKEY, Sgt., Cav, Lathrob, Pa. WEL"BURNE E. LUNDEEN, Sgt., Int. Huron, S. D. SO:::ARL SPARKS, Sgt., Inf, Malta, Ohio HERBERT A. THURSTON, Sgt., MD, San• ford. Fla. . ALBERT H. MAYS. T/4, MD, Hempstead, N. Y. (P)MATHEW McMAHON, Jr . , T/4. MD. AI bany, N. Y. DELANO G. NEAL, T/4, FA, Hamlet. N. C. (P)LEONARD L. HAWKINS, Cpl., . MD. Cleveland. Miss. WARNER H. HYDER. Cpl .. Inf, McNlnn• ville. Ore. EDWARD J. PARKER, Cpl., Inf, Jervis. N. Y. HENRY E. SPIERING, Cpl . , FA. Dan• ville. Ill. •ALLISON R . YATES, Cpl., MD, Cary ville. Fla. SAMUEL R. BRANSTOM, T/5, FA, Bay, Ohio HOMER A. HENSON, T/5. MD, Brass• town, N. c .. (P)ALFRED B. HILL, Jr., T/5, MD, Water valley, Miss. JEWEL C. KELLEY, T/5, Cav, Baton Rouge, Ala. (P)ELLIS D. KILGOIE, T/5. MD, Colusa , Calif. JOSEPH A. LEWIS, T/5, MD, Whitmore, s. c. ROBERT W. LICSAUER. T/5, Cav, Phlla• delphla, Pa. (P)HOMER E. MILLS, T/5. MD, Kan napolis , N. C. JOHN H. SEITZ, .T/5, MD, Lynbrook. N. Y. JAMES E . SMITH, T/5, Cav. Bessemer, Ala. FREDERICK Y. ADAIR. Pfc., Inf, New Albany. Miss. (P)PETE J. BACA, Pfc., Inf, Decoto, Calif. PHILIP A. BELL. Pfc., Inf. Magee, Miss. TONY F, BERRA, Pfc. Inf, Butler , Pa. FREAS W. BRITTINGHAM, Pfc., MD, In• dependence, Mo. (P)CHARLES G. BRYANT, Pfc., Jnf, St. Paul. Minn. (P)JOE CATES, Pfc . , Inf, Lodi, Tex. CLIFFORD A. CLEMENTE. Pfc .. Inf, New Haven. Conn. JOSE M. De La GRUS, Pfc .. Inf, Cuerdo, Tex. (P)JOHN B. DENNISON, MD, Staunton, Va. WILLIAM T. DONALDSON , Pfc, Inf, Bellman. N. J. . GEORGE W. DUNKIN, Pfc .. lnf, Windy. ville, Mo. (P)GERALD B. EARHART, Pfc. Inf; De troit. Mich. (P)ALFRED G. EINSPAHR . Inf, Ains worth, Nebr. ERNEST L. FRAZIER. Pfc., MD, Pattonsburg, Mo. CARL W. JUCHS, Pfc .. MP, Dayton, Ky. HAROLD W. GLORE, Pfc., w . Hurrlcant'. Utah HERSHEL S. GUNTER, Pfc. Inf, Bremen, Ala. STEPHEN HALEY, Pfc . FA, Yonkers, N . Y. JAMES G . HAWKINS, Pfc. lnf . Persia, Tenn. JAMES A . HOGGLE, Pfc . Inf, Tuscaloosa. Ala. ROBERT N. JUMP, Pfc., Inf, Binghamton, N . Y. CHARLES H. KEEFAUVER, Pfc., Inf, Flatt, ID. CHARLES H. KENNON, Pfc .. Inf, Waco, Tex. HARRY A . LANDENBERG, Jr .• Pfc . Inf. Lancaster, Pa. ROBERT L. LITTLE, Jr. Pfc., Inf, Rising Fawn, Ga. JOHN W. LUKE, Pfc., FA, Franklin, La. OTIS MORRIS, Pfc .. Inf, Tylertown, Miss. MIKE A. NAGY, Pfc., Inf. Springfield, Pa. SOLDIER'S MEDAL WILLIAM M. PRATHER, Pfc., MD, Dumas. Miss. ALBERT F. PROVENZANO, Pfc., Inf, New York, N. Y. (P)EUGENE E. RHODES, Pfc.. Ir.f , Barron, Wis. RAYMOND L. ROACH, Pfc,. MD, Noxa peter, Miss, (P)ESTON ROSA, Pfc . , MD. Cottonport, La. (P)ROBERT SCHMID, Pfc., MD. Chicago, m. JOHN G. STUPAR. Pfc . , Inf. Etna, Pa. •(P)HUGH B. SUMMERFIELD, Pfc .• MD, Erwin, W. Va . (P)JOHN S. TAYLOR, Pfc., MD. Brook ville, Pa. (P)TOM M. TAYLOR, Pfc., Inf. Oklll homa City, Okla. (P)DA.NIEL T. THOMAS, Pfc .. In!, Leba• non. Va. WILLIAM N . THOMAS, Pfc ., Inf, Cum berland, Md. YEE TOY, Pfc., Inf, Bronx. N . \:. LELAND J. TUCKER, Pfc., Inf, Green Cove Springs, Fla. (P)DONALD E. WALKER, Pfc.. Inf, Springfield, Ohio (P)LEO C . WALLACE. Pfc., Inf, Autauga vllle, Ala. EUNA J. WEBSTER, Pfc., Inf, Sttgler, Okla . , ROLAND G. WRIGHT, Pfc., Inf. Roanoke, Va . (P)O. B. YATES. Pfc .• Inf, southport. Fla. JOHN J ; YORKE. Pfc .• Inf. Washington, . Pa. ERNEST E . COWHERD, Pvt .. Inf. Purdy, Mo. OREM W. FOREHAND, Pvt., lnf, Three Rivers, Tex. (P) DERRICK W. GOODWIN, Pvt., Inf, San Pedro, Calif. (P)DREXEL E. HOWARD. Pvt .. Inf. Mar kal, Ky. NIEL J. KARTEZ, Pvt., Inf, Bronx, N. Y . WARREN 0 . PARHAM. Pvt., Inf, Aber deen, Miss . (P)JAMES 0. ROBERTSON, Inf, Aber deen. Miss. By Act of Congress, July 2, 1926, thisdecoration is awarded to any person with the Army, National Guard, or Organized Reserves who distinguishes him self or herself by "heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy." DONALD P. MORRIS, Major, MC. Hatties• burg, Miss. JULIUS L . GRUENEBAUM , Capt,. MC, Oakland, Calif. CHARLES T. READ, Capt., MC, Lookout Mt. Tenn . BERTRAM 1':. "PROFKIN, Capt., MC, Pat erson, N. J. EDWIN C. STENEHJEIN, 1st Lt., Inf, Port Orchard, Wash. FRED S . WILSON, 1st Lt. Inf, Los An• geles, Calif. . HUGH L . BRYANT, 1st Sgt., Inf, Vicks burg, Miss. ~AMES W. KELLEY, 1st Sgt .• FA, Lake Wales, Fla. JAMES A. LANG, 1st Sgt., Inf, Jackson, Miss. WILLIAM C. BURNETT, T. Sgt . , Inf. Eastman, Ga. GEORGE H. CHORLEY. T. Sgt., Inf, Sledge, Miss . WALTER F. SCHNELLER, T . Sgt ., .QMC, New Orleans. La. LEAR L. YARBOROUGH, T. Sgt., Inf, Merigold, Miss . EMIL F. ADAM, S. Sgt .• Inf. Omaha, Neb. CLARRON B. Ashley, S . Sgt., Inf, Mat thews, Mo. LOYD F. BAKER, S. Sat .. Inf, University City, Mo. ROCCO J. BONELLI, S. Sgt., Inf, Lodi, N. J. DENms M. CROWDEN, s. Sgt., Inf. Tus caloosa, Ala. 179 ELMER J. DAY, S. Sgt., Int,' Greenvllle, Fla . NORMAN D. PORTER, S . Sgt . . FA. Du rant, Miss. WALLACE J. REYNOLDS, S. Sgt .. FA. Newton, Ala. EULIS S. SMITH, S. Sgt., Inf, Aberdeen . Miss. JACK G . SURMALL, S. Sgt., Inf, Ellis• ville, Miss. WALLACE E . BROWN, Sgt., FA , Castel• berry, Ala. LOUIS A. DAHLEN. Sgt., Inf. Abardeen. Miss. WILLIAM L . DA VIS, Sgt., Inf, Houston. MisS. CLINTON G. FULLER. Sgt., Cav, Old Hickory, Tenn.

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JACK KLAVER, Sgt., Cav, Brooklyn, N. Y. USHO A. KALLIO, T/4, Cav, Angor:i, Minn. VIRGU. K . McCORMICK, Cpl., In!, Louisa, Ky. ROBERT A. MERCER, Cpl., In!, Len1a, Ohio R, L. MITCHELL, Cpl., In!, Calhoun City, Miss. ARNOLD T. PENNEY, Cpl., Cav, Detroit, Mich, THOMAS S. SEARCY, Cpl., FA, Green ville, Ala. ENZO G. BALDINO, T/5, FA, Brooklyn, N. Y. MELVIN BINDER, T/5, FA, Keen, N. H. DONALD A . BOXLEITER, T/5, FA, Du buque, Iowa TRUMAN W. ROUSE, T/5, In!, Dennis, Miss. ROBERT C. TODD, T/5, Inf, Federalsburg, Md. THOMAS WAGNER. T/5, Cav, Bronx, N. Y. DAVID L. BARGER, Pfc., Inf, Phila delphia, Pa. FRANK BENEDETTI, Pfc., FA, Lincoln Parks, Mich. BURT R. BRASHIER, Pfc., In!, Mans field, La. PHn.IP P. CALLAS, Pfc., Inf. New York City, N. Y. -ROLAND M. CHESTER, Pfc., MD, Quincy, Fla. EARL E. CORRELL, Pfc., Inf, Bl.nnlng ham, Ala. LEONARDO DEROSA, Pfc., Inf, Tampa, Fla. .• SAMUEL P. DIPIETRANTONIO, Pfe., In!, Ardmore, Pa. CHARLES F. DISMUKES, Pfc. Inf, Oko lona, Miss. WALTER DUNKER, Pfc., CE, Brooklyn, N, Y. THOMAS F. FETCHKO, Pfc., In!, Jersey City, N, J. GEORGE W. FREY, Pfc., MD, Fallon. Nev. GEORGE W, GIDEON, .Pfc. MP, Patts boro, Tex. GEORGE H. HAMM, Pfc., FA, Hudson, N. Y. DUANE J. JAMES, Pfc., In!, Ewing, Neb. WILLIAM E. JOHNSTON, Pfc., Inf, Clear field, Pa. JAMES H. JORDAN, Pfc., FA, Detroit, Mich. FRANCIS T. KLEPACK, Pfc., In!, Johns town, Pa. CLIFFORD R. MATTEWSON, Pfc. Cav, Glendale, L. I., N. Y. GRANT L. McCOOL, Pfc,, Inf, Mobile, Ala. MARTIN MYER , Pfc . , Inf, Phtlade1phla, Pa. AIR MEDAL LADIS MOVOTNY, Pfc. Inf, Lancaster, Tex. wn.LIAM C. PALMER, Pfc .. QMC, Wells ville, Ohio MOAH W . PAYNE, Pie.. In!, London, W. Va. CHARLIE L. PERRYMAN, Pfc., MP, Flor ence. Ala. MARTIN M. RABHAN, Pfc., In!, Savan• nah, Ga. ARTHUR J. RICHARDSON, Pfc., Inf, Senatobia, :Miss. EDWARD 0. ROBERTS, Pfc. Inf. Leep er, Miss. PAUL K. SEmERT, Pfc., FA. Pittsburg, Pa. ARCHIE L. SHIELDNIGHT, Pfc. Inf, Co.weta, Okla. FRANCIS R . SIMPSON, Pfc .. FA. Jack• sonvllle. Fla . DENVER G. SIMS, Pfc., Inf, Laurel, Ml.sS. GEORGE WARD, Pfc., Inf, Carson, Mills. ALAN L. WEBB, Pfc. Inf. Tranler, Pa. CLIFFORD WHITEHEAD, Pfc., CE, Columbia, Tenn. JAMES M. BURNEY. Pvt. In!. Tampa, Fla. HAROLD w . DRAPER, Pvt .. Inf, Sherld:in, Ark. LESTER M. LEAR. Pvt., Inf, Easton, Pa. HARRY LUKOVITCH. Pvt., FA, London, . Eng. PAUL R. NOE, Pvt .. Inf, Clarksdale. Mi3". Executive Order, May 11, 1942. Recipients, members of the armed forces must have distinguished themselves, after September 8, 1939, by meritorious achievement in flight. Air Medal is awarded where t)'ie service does not war rant a Distinguished Flying Cross. CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Maj . Gen .. USA, Columbia, S . C. THOMAS F. HICKEY, Brig. Gen., USA, Washington. D . C. JOSEPH C. HUTCIDSON, Brig. Gen., USA, Sanford. Fla, WALTER J. HANNA, Col., Inf. Blrmln,: ham, Ala . HAL. HARDENBURGH, Col., GSC. Eutaw, Ala. JAMES A . LAKE, Col., FA, Greenville. Miss. EDWARD M. STARR. Col., In!, Washing ton, D . C. VIRGU. S . ADKINS, Lt. Col., In!, Clarks• dale, Miss. LESLIE L. EVANS, Lt . Col., In!, Canton, Miss. JOSEPH J. HILL, Lt . Col., FA, Bartow, Fla. MU.TON E. HULL, Lt. Col .. FA, Plant City. Fla . JOHN T. KIZER, Lt. Col., QMC, Sena• tobla , Miss. MARK W. LANCE. Lt. Col.,. GSC, Talla hassee. Fla. CHARLES P. LYKES, Lt. Col., GSC, Houston, Tex. LEON L. MATHEWS, Lt . Col., In!, Birm ingham, Ala. HARRY M. MURRAY,. Lt. Col. , OD, Alex andria. La. FRANK C. PAUL, Lt. Col . , FA, Tampa, Fla. EDWARD P. PEACOCK, Lt. Col.. GSC. Clarksdale, Miss. GEORGE N. SAGIN, Lt. Col., FA. Tampa, Fla . CECU. E. WALTER, Lt. Col., CE, New York, N, Y. •••STEPHEN S . BROWN, Maj. '!;'A, Clarksville, Tex. ELMER J. JACKSON, Maj., Inf, Lincoln, ., Nebr. ; J~.;;,~v~~UGH, Jr . , Maj . , In!, Bla~k. J. R . WOODRUFF, Jr .. Maj . , CE, Boise, Idaho •MARKS W. JENKINS, Capt., FA, Jack son. Miss. ••DONALD F. RESTOOL, Capt., FA, Lansing, Mich. ' FORREST C. BARRIGER, 1st Lt., FA. Boll, Calif. HOWARD W. BOOKOUT, 1st Lt .. In!, Alexandria, Ind. ROBERT F. COLE, 1st Lt., In!, New Heb• ron , Miss. ALBERT H. DODD, 1st Lt .. In!, Lincoln, Nebr. PRESTON C. FORS, 1st Lt., FA, Lansing, Mich. LOUIS HECHT, 1st Lt .. Inf, Boston, Mass . ... JAMES B. HOLLOWAY, Jr . 1st Lt .• FA, Houston, Tex. 180 ••FRANCIS JETER, 1st Lt . , FA, Dallas, Tex. JOHN J . KEMP, 1st Lt., FA. Memphis, Tenn. PAUL A. KREITNER, 1st Lt .. Inf. Denbo, Pa . .... JERROLD R. MILLS, 2nd Lt.. FA, Waterville, Kans. .. ALBERT F. PARKER, 2nd Lt .. FA, Hat tiesburg, Miss. LLOYD E. STREET, 2nd Lt., Inf, Ripley, Miss. SHELDON K. TOWER. 2nd Lt.. CWS, Marengo. Ind. JACK E. GRAVES, M/Sgt., In!, Gadsden, Ala. •••LINDSEY M. BISHOP, S/Sgt., FA, At lanta, Ga. •ALLEN H. CONSER, S/Sgt., FA, Port land, Ore. PETER L. MUSANO, S/Sgt., Inf, West Orange, N. J. CHARLIE R. THORNTON, S/Sgt., Inf. Bridgeport, Ala. HAROLD W. CLEMONS, T/3, FA, Chenoa, Ill . AUBREY W. HARRELL, T/4, In!. Gads den, Ala. ZIGMUND F. DOMBROWSKI, T/5, Inf, Sugar Notch, Pa.

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BRONZE STAR The Bronze Star is awarded for heroic achievement or meritorious action .JOSEPH C. HUTCIDSON, Brig. Gen., USA. Sanford, Fla. SUMTER L . LOWRY, JR. Brig. Gen. USA, Tampa, Fla . .JOHN C. DUCKWORTH , Col . , GSC, Tusca loosa, Ala. •LEROY S . . GRAHAM, Col., GSC, Alpine, Tex . HOMER W. HESTERLEY, Col . , FA, Tampa, Fla . . VIRGIL s. ADKINS, LL Col., Inf, Clarks• dale, Mis.> . . MARSHALL E . BUSH, Lt . Col . , CE, Green• ville, Miss, OSCAR L . DUPREE, Lt. Col., GSC, Attalla, Ala. •LESLIE L. EVANS, Lt . Col., Inf, Canton, Miss. •JOSEPH W . FORD, Lt. Col ., MC, Gads den, Ala. JOHN L. GOODWYN, Lt. Col .. GSC, Mont• . gomery, Ala. HAL HA.RDENBERG, Lt. Col. , Inf. Eutaw, Ala. FRANK HARDY, Lt. Co~ Inf, Selma, Ala. SIDNEY B. HOOPER, Lt. Col.. Inf, Al• bertsvllle, Ala . :MILTON E . HULL, Lt. Col . FA , Plant City, Fla. JOHN F . JENKINS , Jr.. Lt. Col., MC, Birm i ng h am, Ala. LOUIS M. JIGGITTS, Lt. Col., GSC , Jack• son, Miss. W. EUGENE JONES, Lt . Col ., FA, Bar1nw. Fla . •JAMES A. LAKE, Lt . Col . , FA, G r een vllie, Miss . MARK W. TANCE. Lt . Col .. QMC, Talia hassee, Fla. MARTIN F. MARKWARD, Lt. Col., GSC. Fort Worth , Tex. LEON L. MATHEWS, Lt. Col. , Inf, Bir• rnlngham, Ala. FREDERICK W, MELSHEIMER, Lt. Col .. Inf . Vieksburg. Miss . WILBUR K . MILLER, Lt. Col .. Inf, Or lando , Fla . •FRANK C .. PAUL, Lt . Col ., FA , Tampa, Fla. . JOSEPH L. PETERSON, Lt . Col.. IGO, Gadsden , Ala . HAllOLD E . RAND, Lt . Col., Inf, Sumrall, Miss. HAVARD T. RAWLINSON, Lt . Col., AGD, Dothan, Ala. MAHONE REESE , Jr .. Lt. Col., GSC, Live Oak , Fla . HOW ARD o . ROY, Lt. Col ., GSC , LaFay ette, La . •GEORGE N . SAGIN. Lt. Col . , FA, Tampa, Fla . LOREN D. SKAGGS, Lt. Col. , FD, Sa vannah, Ga . . JOHN P . SWEENEY , Lt. Col .. SIGC, Mo bile, Ala. JOHN E . VAN ESSO, Lt . Col., IGD, Northbrook, m . CECIL E . WALTER , Lt. Col .. CE , New York, N. Y. JAMES E . BARBER . Maj., Inf, Anniston, Ala . JOHN R . BARNES , Maj. , Inf, Memphis, Tenn. JOHN W. BASKIN. Maj., FA, Greenvllle, Miss, •ROY HART BENTON, Mal . SIGC, Mo• bile, Ala. •JAMES N . BROWN, Maj .. Inf , Binning ham. Ala. *RALPH D. BURNS, Maj. Inf, Jackson, Miss . DAVID J, CASTLEMAN, Maj. Inf. Gree11Sboro, Ala. JAMES H. CHALMERS, JR. Maj., MC, Goshen, N. Y . OWEN J, CHEEVERS, Maj .. MC DONALD V. COONEY, Maj., MC, Flush ing, N. Y JAMES R. DUREN, JR., Maj., Inf, Tusca loosa, Ala. JAMES T. FERGUSON, JR., Maj. MC, Lawrence, Kans . ROBERT M. FOWLER , Maj.. Inf, Bir• rnlngham, Ala. BENJAMIN A . HUDSON, Maj . CMP, Montgomery, Ala. .TOEL C. GARRARD, Maj,, FA. Bartow , Fla, MELFORD I. G.A.RRE'IT, Maj .. Inf , Gads den, Ala . EDWARD M. GOODWIN, Maj .. MC, Brook• lyn, N. Y. PETER M. GRAHN, Maj. FA, Tampa, Fla. JAMES A. GRIFFIN. Mal~ Ord, Lake land, Fla. JOSEPH .T. HILL , Maj., FA. Bartow, Fla. ELMER J. JACKSON, Maj., Inf, Hatties• burg, Miss. •JOHN TOM KIZER, Maj., QMC, Sena tobia, Miss. WILBUR E . KOONCE , Maj., Inf, Jackson. Miss. .TULIO R . LACEDONIA, r,faj., In!, ' Key West, Fla. MARION J . Le DOUX , Maj .. MC , New Orleans, La . RICHARD LEFFERS, JR. Maj., FA, Lake land, Fla . EDWARD O . LOGAN , Maj. , Inf , Tusca• loosa. Ala. HENRY I. LOUTTJT, Maj .. CHC , Palm Beach, Fla. •CHARLES P. LYKES, Maj., GSC, Hou s ton, Tex . WILLTAM L. MAIGE, Maj . , FA, Monte cello, Fla. RAYMOND 0. MANASCO , Maj,. Inf, B.rmlngham, Ala. JOHN E. MANDVILLE, Maj., Inf, Mo. bile, Ala . VICTOR L. McDEARMAN, _ Maj . , In!, Aberdeen, Miss. GERALD A. MELSHEIMER, Maj., Inf, Vicksburg, Miss . MARCUS N. OWEN , Maj. FA, Tampa, Fla. *EDWARD P. PEACOCK, JR .. Maj . , GSC, Clarksdale, Miss. EMORY B . PEEBLES, JR ., M a j . CMP, Hattiesburg , Miss. REX D . ROACH, Maj .. FA, Geneva. Ala. WU.LIAM D. ROBY, Maj .. Inf, Tusca loosa, Ala . WRIGHT H . ROSS, Maj., Inf .. Anniston. Ala . CHARLES P . SANDIDGE, Maj., Inf, Can ton, Miss. JOHN G . ..,. .. HAFFER, Maj., FA. Vicks burg, Ml.ls. 111 SEWELL G . SKELTON , Maj. Inf. Clare• . more, Okla. PA~ E: SMITH, Maj., MC , Palestine, DAVID T. TABER, Maj., Inf , Gadsden, Ala . . .TAMES H . VAUGHN. Jr .. Maj .. Inf, Black atone, Va. ~on~T,:.ATKIN, JR . Maj .. CE, RUSS T. WHITE , Maj. AGD, Dothan, Ala . . J . R . WOODRUFF, Maj . , CE, Boise , Idaho *AB~TT B. WALTON, Maj., Inf, Sayre, JO~ex~ . ADAMS . Capt ., Inf, Abilene, PHILIP E . ADAMS, Capt~ FA, Alexander City, Ala, Wll.LIAM P. ANDREWS, Capt . , Inf, Syracuse, N . Y A~~i,~C~ALD , Capt., FA, St. JOHN V. ASEVEDO, JR.. Ca,;,t ., Inf, Gustine, Calif. WINJrg~ C. BAIRD, Capt~ MC, Flint, ROBERT M •. BALLARD, Capt., Inf, N~ches. Tex . NATHAN BANDER, Capt . , M~ , Ellen ville , N. Y. CLAIR B. BARNETT, Capt . , . MC, Cuba C i ty, Wis . . J . B . BEA.RD, Capt .. Inf, Oklahoma City , Okla. •EDw ARD A: BECKER , Capt .. Inf, Fr~t proof, Fla , JAME.S R . BOWERS, Capt., Inf , Fort Srhith, Ark. GEORGE B. BRODIE, Capt ., CWS , Chi• cago, Ill. ~::y E. BROWN, ~pt .. DC, Buna, MARTIN CARABALLO. :JR . Capt., FA , Tampa, Fla . CHARLES M. CA.REY, Capt .. Inf, Nash• ville . Tenn. WALLACE E. CARLSON, Capt., FA, Vicksburg , Miss. NICHOLAS J . CHIARA, Capt., MC, Brook l y n, N . Y. JOSEPH A . CHIOTA. Capt., MC, Bridge port , Conn. AUGUSTINE A . CIOTOLA, Capt .. MC, Hazelton, Pa. FRANK E . COGHLAN , Capt. Inf, Hous ton. Tex. . . KENNETH ' L , COOK, Capt .. Inf, Riverton , Wyo . JOHN H. CRICHTON, Capt . , Inf, Minden , La. JACK R . CRITTENDEN, Capt ., Inf, Sacra• mentq , Calif . CHARLES M . CROUCH, Capt . , CHC, Pasadena , Calif. ITAI , 0 W . DANIELS , Capt . , MC , Council Bluffs, Iowa . . JOHN N. De FOORE , Capt., Inf, Sidon, Miss. ALBIBT T . D! GlANDOMENlCO, Capt ., MC. Meriden. Conn . RUPERT Z. DISKM UKES, Capt . , Inf, Gadsden, Ala. CHARLES W. DOUGLASS, Capt . , MC, Wenatchee. Wash.

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CORNELIUS J. DRISCOLL, Capt., MC, Revere . Mass. HENRY T. ELLENDER, Capt., DC, Thibodaux, La. . *WALTER F. ELLIOTT, Capt . , Inf, Pasa• dena , Calli . . ROBERT C. FAIRCHILD, Capt .. Inf, Kan• sas City, Mo. CLARENCE E, FLICKS, Capt., Inf, Lin coln, Nebr. BOBBIE B. FORD, Capt., Inf, Jackson, Mlos, DOYLE E. FOSTER, Capt., Inf, Little Rock, Ark. MARTIN M. FRIEDMAN, Capt., Inf, Cleveland Heights, Ohio JESSE L . GOODMAN, Capt., Inf, Clem• son, S . C. DAVID K. GUSTAFSON, Capt., Inf, Thief River Falls, Minn. LAWRENCE W. HALL, Capt .. Inf, IVA. s. c. HENRY-L. HAVENS, Capt., FA. Lexing• ton, Miss. THOMAS W. HEREFORD, Capt .. FA, Gur• ley , Ala . ROBERT R. HICKS, Capt . , FA, Tampa, Fla . ELTON R. HOGAN, Capt . , Inf. Cary, . N. C . JAMES M. HUMPHRIES. JR., Capt., CE, Memphis , Tenn. *FABIAN U . HUSLEY, Capt., QMC, Bi!oxi, Miss. CHARLES R. IKERMAN. Capt. , CE. De catur, Ala. LONNIE M . JACKSON, JR., Capt., Inf, Gary, Ind. HAROLD A. JACOBSEN, Capt., Inf, Wal• worth , Wis. ALAN H. JOHNSON, Capt., FA, Santa Barbara, Calif . LLOYD O. JOHNSON, Capt., MAC, Al• hambra, Ca!U . PAUL A. KAELSON, JR.. Capt., Inf, Wichita , Kans . MALCOLM K . KELLEY. Capt . , FA, Rep• ton, Ala. ROBERT C. KEY, Capt., Inf, Selma. Ala. ARTHUR S. KIDWELL, Capt., SNC, Balti more , Md . J. W. KUYKENDALL. Capt., Inf, Duncan, Okla . OWEN B. LAMBERSON, Capt .. Inf .. Pas cagoula , Miss . *GUSTUS LUCKETT, Capt., Inf, Canton, Miss. HENRY R . LUSCHER,' JR . , Capt ., Inf, Mo• bile, Ala. WILLIAM R. LYTLE, Capt., MC, Cali fornia. Mo . ALBERT P. MADGETT, Capt .. IGD, Hast• lug~ . .r-eor. RAYMOND J . MARLOWE, Capt., FA, St. Paul, Minn. GEORGE E . MEADORS, Capt., GSC, Jack• son, Miss. WILLIAM H . MICHELSON, Capt . , FA, Decatur, Ala . JOSEPH J . MILHISLER, Capt., Inf, Rew City, Pa . . CHARLES E. McBRIDE , Capt., Inf, Nor many, Mo. PAUL M. MOREL, Capt., MAC, Clifton, Ill. DANIEL NEEDHAM, JR., Capt ., FA, West Newton , MaS3. SAMUEL D. NETTLES, Capt . , FA, Peter man , Ala. JONES OSBORN, . Capt., Inf , Welton. Ariz . SIDNEY C. PANKER, Capt., MC, Brook lyn, N. Y. PAUL B. PHILLIPS. Capt.. Inf , Peru, Ind. ALLAN R. POHTO, Capt ., DC, Colum bus, Ohio PAUL L. POLK, Capt . , Inf, Vicksburg, Miss. ARDAN R . POTTER, Capt., CHC, St. Louis, Mo. EDWARD Y. POSTMA, Capt .. MC, Wau pun, Wis. ARTHUR E. QUINLAN, Capt., DC, Flem ing , Ky. CLARENCE E. RAMBO, Capt., CE, Inde• pendence, Mo. PIERCE A. REEDER, Capt:, Inf, Leola, Ark . LEO D. RICHEY, Capt., MC, Terre Haute, Ind. ROBERT ROBINSON, Capt., MC, Rox• bury, Mass. FREDERICK M. ROGERS, Capt., CHC, Woodward, Okla. RICHARD L . ROSENTHAL, Capt., MC, Branford, Conn. ' EDWIN L. SAUCY, Capt .. Inf, Napa, Ca!U , JOSEPH E . SCHEUERMAN, Capt., FA, Trenton, N . J. SAMUEL 0. SHEAR, Capt., AGO, Pitts• burg, Pa . MARK S. SKELTON, Capt .. FA. Scotts• boro . Ala. JAMES W. SMITH, Capt., Inf, Tyler, Tex. JAMES T. SPECHT, Capt., FA, Tampa, Fla. FRANK G. SPRINGSTEAD. Capt., Inf, New York, N. Y. JAMES L. STOUGH, Capt., FA. Dothan, Ala. WILFORD G. SUESSEN, Capt., Inf. East Alton. JU. RAYMOND J . VANDERCOOK. Capt., FA, Royal Oaks. Mich . DONALD A. VISSCHER. Capt .. CHC, Car• meL N. Y . RICHARD L. WAGNER. Capt., FA, On• tario, Canada J.ru'\ll:S A. WALKER, JR., Capt .. Inf , In• dianapolts, Ind. MAYLAND J . WARBLE, Capt .. FA, Burr Oak. Mich. JAMES R . WARD, Capt., MC, Hutting. ton, Ind. . *BENJAMIN F. WELLES, JR., Capt., FA , Cucadia, Fla . JOHN L. WHITAKER, Capt., MC , Paola, Kans . LEONARD C . WHITE, Capt .• Inf. Dallas, Tex. •ISADORE D. WIENER, Capt., MC, Tut• v..•iler . ?.Uss . FRANK A. WILKINSON , Capt., FD. Birmingham. Ala. JOHN L. WILSON, Capt .• Inf , G ' rand Rapids. Mich . REX W. WILSON, Capt . , MC. Peru. Kans . RICHARD A . WISE. Capt., Inf , Nashville, Tenn. ROBERT P . WORDEN, Capt .. MC, Au• burn. N . Y . WALTER H . ADLER. 1st Lt., Inf , Cleve• land Heights. Ohio Inf . .Lau• ARTHUR A . ALTO, 1st Lt.. -.v kegan. 111. CLYDE E. AUTERY. 1st Lt ., FA. Dixons Mills, Ala . MARION E. AVRETT. !st Lt ., MAC, Sam• son. Ala. LEWIS BERTUZZI, 1st Lt., Inf, Oneonta . N. Y. FREDERICK J. BOECKER, 1st Lt., Inf, Minster. Ohio HOWARD W. BOOKOUT, 1st Lt., Inf, Alexandria, Ind . DONALD B . BOWEN, 1st Lt., Inf, San Angelo , Tex. WILLIE J . BOWMAN, 1st Lt .. Inf, Atoka, Okla. .JULES V. BRADLE, 1st Lt., Inf, Bronx, N. Y . GEORGE E. BUSH. 1st Lt.. SIGC, South Nyack, N . Y. . LEROY W. CAULDER, 1st Lt .. Inf . Cam den, S. C . PETER A. CHAJKA, 1st Lt ., Inf. Cleve land. Ohio ROBERT P . CLARK , 1st Lt., Inf. Brattle boro, Vt. FRED E. COTE , 1st Lt., Inf, Port Huron , Mich. WILLIAM C . CRAWFORD, 1st Lt., Inf, Ironton. Ohio O. T. DALTON, JR., 1st Lt .. Inf, Charles ton, Miss. EARL L. DeSELLE, 1st Lt., CE, Alex andria. La. *RUSSELL A. DUKE, 1st Lt., SIG C, Gadsden . Ala . JOSEPH H. DUNLAP, JR ., 1st Lt .. FA, Manchester, N. H. 182 PRESTON C. FORS . 1st Lt ., FA, Lansing, Mich. ROBERT E. FOSTER, 1st Lt .. Inf. Can• andaigua, N. Y. RUSSELL L. FRANKLL'I', 1st Lt .. Inf, Muskogee, Okla. JOHN E . FULLER. 1st Lt., Inf, Falconer, N. Y. ALEX C . FURTWAUGLER, 1st Lt .. Inf, Evanston. Ill . EDWARD GRAEF, 1st Lt., Inf, Colum bus, Ohio ARLINGTON G . GRAY, 1st Lt., FA, South Brewer , Me . OSCAR T. HAMMETT, 1st Lt . , Inf, Fay. ette, Miss. STANL:E\Y S. HOR.BAR. 1st Lt . , Inf, Brooklyn, N. Y. JOHN C. HILL. 1st Lt .. QMC. Hope , Ark . ROBERT F. HOLBROOK, 1st Lt.. Inf, Allston, Mass . PHILIP W. HUMMEL, 1st Lt., Inf, Jeffer sen, Ohio ROBERT L . JONES, 1st Lt .. MAC, Rockford , lll. *GARLAND W . KINSLEY. 1st Lt . , FA, New Orleans. La. PAUL A. KREITJl,'ER, 1st Lt., Inf, Denbo, Pa. DONALD W. KREMBS, !st Lt., Inf. Ta• coma, Wash. JAMES R . KUHN . .YR., 1st Lt., FA, Joliet, rn. JAMES A. LAMON, 1st Lt., MC, Indian• ola, Miss. WILLIAM E . LEAVITT, Isl Lt., FA. Madi• son, N. J. *PHILIP E. LONG, 1st Lt., Cav, Welling ton, Mo . GEORGE W. MADDOX, 1st Lt., FA , D,s Moines. Iowa CLARENCE R. MARTIN, 1st Lt., l\IC, Houston . Tex . NED N. MATARAZZI. 1st Lt .. Inf, Fron• tenac. Kans. ROBERT S. McCLINTOCK, 1st Lt., FA, Ruston, La . OWEN McGOUGH . JR., Isl Lt .. Ord, Los Angeles, Calif. RAYMOND N . l\!cKENNA , .1st Lt .. Inf, Wheeling, W. Va. JOHN L . McLAUGHLIN, 1st Lt .. Inf. Bell• fonta i ne, Ohio ROBERT E. Mc.~iCAN, 1st Lt.. Inf .. Marion, Ky . WILLIAM J. McWILLIAMS. 1st Lt., Ord, Pittsburg. Kans . CLINTON V . MESSEROLE. JR.. 1st Lt., FA. New Rochelle. N. Y. DONALD A. MOE. 1st Lt., Inf, Evansvllle, Ind . GEORGE P . MONCRIEF, 1st Lt .. Inf. San Angelo, Cali! . HAROLD B. MORRISON, 1st Lt., Inf, Dennis, Kans. ROBERT D. MURRAY. 1st Lt .. Inf, Lubac, Me. HENRY J . NEEDHAM. Isl Lt .. Inf . Long Island, N . Y. ALBERT H . PINGEL, 1st Lt.. SIG C, Foley, Fla. WOODROW L . RICHISTER. 1st Lt.. Inf, Bronx, N. Y. JACK ROBERTS. 1st Lt., FA. Louis• ville, Ky . DA VlD R. ROCHE, 1st Lt.. Inf. Phila delphia, Pa. ARTHUR C. RODENBERG, 1 s t Lt., Inf. Springfield, Ill. RONALD S. SANDBACH, 1st Lt., Inf. Harrington Park , N. J. WILLIAM C . SAUSVILLE, 1st Lt., Inf, Jersey City, N . J. HAROLD F. SCHOLTES, 1st Lt.. FD, Richfield Park. N. J . ROBERT E. SEYMORE, 1st Lt .. Inf, Gulf port. Miss . *DOYNE M. SMITH. 1st Lt .. Inf, Galena , Mo. THOMAS J. SMITH, 1st Lt., Inf , Phila• delphia. Pa. JOHN R . SMYTH, 1st Lt . , Inf . LaPorte, Pa . JOHN S . SPELLMAN , 1st Lt., CE, Or lando, Fla. WILLARD A . STARBIRD , 1st Lt . , QMC, Sangerville, Me.

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OLIVER J . STEPHENSON, 1st Lt., MAC; Coffee Springs, Ala. CLARENCE W. TROUT, 1st Lt., CE, Red Lion, Pa. GEORGE C. VERLINDE, ht . Lt., FA, De troit , Mich. CHARLES J. WE'ITA; 1st Lt., CE, Steel ton, Pa. ALFRED A. WIENER, 1st Lt., FA, Los Angeles, CaliL MANFORD C. WILi.BOURN, 1st Lt., Ord, Topeka, Kans. •ALFRED WOHL, 1st Lt., Inf, Long Island, N. Y. JAMES R. YOUNG, 1st Lt . , Inf, Bluefield, W. Va. RICHARD H . BARNES, 2nd Lt . , SIG C, Moblle, Ala. LOUIS N . BERKOWITZ, 2nd Lt. FA, St. Louis, Mo. R. E. BISHOP, 2nd Lt .. Inf, Horton, Ala. JOE H. BOYKIN, 2nd, Lt . Inf, Crawford, M : ss. HARLAN E. CARPENTER, 2nd Lt., Inf, Athens, Ohio GORDON R. CLAPSHAW, 2nd Lt. Inf, Minneapolis , Minn. . FRANCIS J. DAUNT, 2nd Lt .. Inf, Macon, Ga. WILLIAM M. EAGER. 2nd Lt., Inf, Jack son. Mi!s. ARTHUR H. FREDERIKSON, 2nd Lt., Inf, black River Fa.ls, Wis. DAVID I. GARltETT, :JR., 2nd Lt., Inf, Monroe, La. STANLEY GONTARZ. 2nd Lt. FA. B,ooklyn, N, Y. CLIFFORD A. GONYEA, 2nd Lt.. Cav, si:rtngfield, M;s : . CHARLES V . ICKES, 2nd Lt., Inf, Altoona, Pa . HOMER C. LOKKER, 2nd Lt.. l:lf, Hol land, Mich. MICHAEL F . METZER, 2nd Lt., Inf, Coun cilgrove, Kans. JOSE.PH C. PETLICKI, 2nd Lt., Inf, Brcoklyn, N . Y. PEARLIE W . PRATHER. 2nd Lt . , Inf, Meadv;ne. Miss . GLE.NN C . CIMP-ON , 2nd Lt., MC Tut wiler, MJsi. LLOYD E. STREET, 2nd Lt., Inf , Rlp:cy, Miss. MAX V. WAINWRIGHT 2nd Lt., MAC Hattiesb1"rg, Miss. LESTER B. WHIT AKER, 2nd Lt . , Inf, Redwood Miss. KENNETH M. BUNN, C. W. 0., Jackson• v.lle, Fla , CLARK H . DOWLING , W. 0., Watertown, N.Y. EDMOND L. FRANKLIN, C. W. 0. , Bir mingham. Ala. MAUhIC..:E F. HARRIS, w . o., Watertown. N. Y. WILBERT A. HEPNER, C. W. O .. Elyria, Ohio DU'IHRIE H. HOOD, W. 0. (JG), Benton Miss. •RICHARD G. LUDLOW, C. W. 0., Montgomery, Ala. . •JAMES L. SLOSS, Jr., C. W. 0. Webster G10\oes, Mo. BERLIN M. STINESPRING, W. 0., Hunt ing.on, W. Va. EUGENE C, VANN, C. W. O . , Montgom• ery, Ala. . VICTOR H. WEISSENEGGER, C. W. 0., New Or.eans, La. ROBERT B. WHEELER, W. O., Washing ton. D. C. WILLIAM A. WHEELER, C. W. 0., Santa Monica, Call! . BENNETTE P. WOLFE, w. o .. (JG). New Orleans. La . EDGAR E. BEATTY, 1/Sgt., Inf , Northport, Ala . GREGORY L. BYRNE., 1/Sgt., Inf, Mobile, Ala. ELMER CARLEY, 1/Sgt., Inf, Brownwood, Tex , CLYDE CORBITT, 1/Sgt., FA, Tampa, Fla. MILTON D . FISHER, 1/Sgt., Inf, North port, Ala. JAMES W. HALE, 1/Sgt., Inf, Talladega, Ala. . JAMES w . KELLEY, I/Set .. FA, Lake Wales, Fla . . JAMES A. METRIN, I/Sgt., FA. Tampa, Fla. HENRY C . POOLE, I/Sit. CE, Vicksbure. Miss. JOSEPH C. SCHNEIDER, I/Sgt., Inf, Mil• waukce, Wis. SIDNE:Y T. SMITH, 1/Sgt., Inf, Jackson.Miss.. . MOUNGER F. ADAMS, M/Sgt., Inf, Lum berton, Miss. HERMAN F. BAERWALD, M/Set .. Inf, New York. N. Y. CLIFTON H . BELK, M/Sgt., Inf, Bessemer. Ala. . , WILLIAM A. BITTNER, Jr. M/Sgt., Inf, Tuscaloosa, Ala. HARRY BRITTON, M/Sgt., QMC, Demop olis, Ala. SAM BROWN, M/Set .. Inf , Birmingham,. Ala. . .JAMES F. CHAFFIN, M/Sgt., Inf, Gads• den, Ala. JOHN .J. CHESTER, M/Srt . , Sie. c .. Balti more, Md .• Josg~ A. DELL, M/Sgt., Inf, Fostoria, JOHN T. FAPCHILD, Jr., M/Sgt., FA, Meridian, Miss. RUBEN H. GOUFREY, M/Sgt . , Inf, Au butn, Ala. J. LESSER GOLDMAN, M/:!:et .. Inf, St. Louts, Mo. JACK E. GRAVES, M/Sgt., Inf, Gadsden, Ala. THOMAS R. GRISBY, .Jr., M/Sgt., Inf. Nashville, Tenn. HENJJin;: r~ILTON, M/gt . , Sig. C .. RILEY M. HOWELL, M/Sgt., Inf, Midland City, Ala, GEOKGE C. L. JENSEN, M/:::et .. 1nf, .Norfolk, Va. ALBERT R. KARNES, M/:!:g:., Inf, Sa• v;.nna, IJ. . SIMON LEE, M/Sgt., Inf, Carriere, Miss. WALTER D. LONG, M/Sgt., FA, Fernan dina, !la. ROBERT T. LYLE M/Sgt., Inf. H~lnes City, F . a. CLARK W. McCLAIN, M/Sgt . , Inf, Bir m:neham, Ala. WINl ' RED C. MILLS, M/Sgt., Inf, Desha, Ark . ROY R. OBERHAMER, M/Sgt. , Inf. St. Paul. Minn. EARL H . P"TERSON, M/Sgl., Inf, Minne• apolis, Minn. WlLLlAM .t. .:iANDERS, M/Sgt., FD, Fay < tie, Ala . ROBERT C . SCHAEFER, M/Sgt., Sig . c.; Queens, N . Y . HARRY C. SPEYERER, M/Sgt . , Inf , Vicks bure . M : ss . ISAAC STEWART, M/Sgt., CE . New Or leans. La. JAMES B. ABERNATHY , T/Sgt .. Inf, Tus caloosa. A:a. ALBERT W. ANDERSON, .Jr., T/Sgt., Inf, StJke, Fia. WRIGHT K. EREWIES, T/:!:gt., Inf, Cul• lenda:e, Ark. WILLIAM N. BURTON, T/Sgt., Inf, Ben• tonia, Miss . HAROLD W. CLEMONS, T/Sgt .. FA, Che• noa, m. CHARLES V. CROSBY, T/Sgt., Inf, Ham• ilton, Miss. RUJ US D . CRUMBLY, T/Sgt.. Inf> Brookesvllle, Fla. .JOHN P . DESMOND, T/Sgt., Inf, Long . Island, N. Y, OLIVER N. EVANS, T/Sgt., Inf, Palestine, Tex . JOHN A. GRIFFITH, T/Sgt., QMC, Demop olis, Ala. WILLIAM C. HAMILTON, T/Sgt., Inf, Ofahoma, Mhs . THOMAS L. JEFFREY T/Sgt., CAC, De port, Tex. NICHOLAS JORICH, T/Sgt., Inf, Steelton, Pa. , 183 ERNEST G . KALLAND, T/Sgt., Inf, Minn• eapolls, Minn. STEVE F. KILLIAN, T/:!:gt., QMC, Shickshinny, Pa. . CLAUDE F. KING, T/Sgt., MD, Carriere, Mis3, .. LOUIS RUESS, T/Sgt., Inf, Birmingham, Ala. WILLIAM F. LUNCEFORD, T/Sgt., Inf, Mobile, Ala. WILFRED C . MATTINGLY, T/Sgt., MD, Sydney, Australia L. B. McCLENDON, T/Sgt. Inf , Albertville. Ala. . JOHN T. MEDLOCK, T/Sgt., Inf, St. Aueustlne, Fla. . . MURRAY D. MEEK T/Sgt., Inf, Courtland, Miss . . FRE~f MOAK.. T/Sgt., Inf, McComb, ROY B. MORGAN, T/Sgt., Inf, Campbell, Tex. WILLIAM 0. NETTLES, T/Sgt., Inf, Pen• sacola, Fla. . EDWARD R. O'QUINN, T/Sgt., Inf, Tyler• town, M.ss. FRED OWEN, T/Sgt., Inf, Anniston. Ala GIP~CN J . PEARSON, T/Sgt., Inf, Little Reck. Ark. (P) 0 JOHN E. Pll.GREEN, T/Sgt., Inf. Selma, A.a. RO-ERT K. ROBERTSON , T/Sgt., QMC, Los Angele,, Calif. .JOHN F. ROHAL, T/Sgt., Inf, Bethlehem, Pa .. MILitfN F. ROHLF, 1 T/Sgt., Inf. Berwyn, WILLIAM J . RUSSELL , T/S:gt., Inf, New Cr1eans, La. . FO'.:,TER M. SIZEMORE, T/Sgt., FD, Sul ligent, Ala. :;Y AUSTIN W. SMITH T/!:et., Inf, Dallas, Tex . VERNON B. !:MITH, .Jr., T/Sgt . , Inf, Con cord, N. C. SOCOLA W . SPECHT, T/!:i:t.. Sic. C ., 1'ew Crleans, La. HARLAN A . STRAHAN, T/::gt., Inf , Hia wa.tha, Kans. THOMAS J. TOBIN, .Jr . , T/Sgt., Inf, New C..rlc.ans~ La. GEChGE P. WATSON, 'P/.Egt., Inf, Tus• c:a,cosa, Ala. GEORGE F. WILLIAMS, T/Sgt., Inf, . Tal h.dega, Ala . PERRY T . WILLIAMS, T/Sgt., Inf, Aberdeen, Mlu . . HOWARD P. ADAI.1:S, S/Sgt., Inf, Los Angeles, Ca.1!. . OLIVER JI.DAMS, S/Sgt., FA., Sulphur Springs, fla. LUTHER S . AVERETT, S/Sgt., Inf, Greensboro, Ala. W ATEON BARNES, S/Sgt., MD, Pensa cola, Fla. WILLIAM C. Bezcham , S/Sgt., Inf, Heed River, Ore. FOY C. BLACK, S/Sgt., Inf, Thomasville, N.C. FLOYD H . Bowman, S/Sgt . , FA, Jackson• v1lle, Fia . . ALTON R . ...:ROWN, SJ.Sgt., FA, .Jackson ville, Fla . (P)'tHOMAS F. BROWN, S/Sgl., Inf , Gun Town, Miss. CHARLES B . BUNCH, S/Sgt . , Inf, Union Grove, Ala. JULIO C. BUSTAMENTE, S/Sgt., Inf, Brooklyn, N. Y. JULIAS A. CAMPBELL, S/Set .. FA, Sell ner, Fla. JOHN R. CAMERON, S/Sgt., Inf, Pica• yune, Mus . ERNEST W. CHEATHAM, S/Sgt., Inf, Talladega , Ala . .JAMES F . CLARK, S/Set . , Inf, Arab, Ala. MIKE B. CLEMENTI, S/Sgt., MD. Tampa, Fla . CHARLES W. CLIFTON, S/Sgt Inf, Cor inth, Miss. FRED M. COLWELL, S/Sct .. FA. Morion, Miss. .TOR R. COMERFORD, S/Sgt .. FA, Lake Wales, Fla. WINSLOW D . COWAN, S/Sgt., Inf, Pa• ducah, Ky .

PAGE 33

HULON CRENSHAW. $/Sgt., Inf, Hamp ton, Ga. ROBERT P. CROWDER, Jr .. $/Sgt .. Inf, Savannah. Ga. ALDOR J. DANDURAND, $/Sgt.. CE, Chicopee Falls, Mass. JAMES DENMARK, s,sgt .. FA, Fort Pierce. Fla. CARROL K. DONALDSON, $/Sgt., Inf, Canby, Minn. WIT.LIAM S. EARLY, S/Sgt., Inf, Elr mingham, Ala. (P)HERMAN A. ELTISTE, $/Sgt.. Inf, Auburn. Ala, JOSEPH R. EMFINGER, $/Sgt . , Inf, Meadville, Ml!s. DOYLE C. FINNEGAN, $/Sgt .. Inf, Laurel. Miss. DON S. FOSTER, $/$gt .• MD. FRANKLIN J. FOX. S/Sgt., Inf, St. Paul, Minn. DAVID A. GIPSON, S/Sgt., Inf, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio EONALD A. GREGERSON, $/Sgt., Ord., Iola, Wisc. EDWARD B. GRIFFIN. 5/Sgt., Inf, Eu pora, Miss. RICHARD L. HAiRDAGE, $/Set., FA. Carthage, Miss. LYLE G. HARVEY, 5/Sgt., MD, Gas City, Kans. JAMES V. Hir.ND,;RSON. S/Sgt., FA, Castleberry, Ala. JESSIE O. HENSON. $/Sgt., Inf, Malml, Fla. RHURAL J. HIGGINS, 5/Sgt .. Inf, Wylan. Ala. JOE A. HORTON, $/Sgt . , FA, Magee, Miss. VICTOR E. HUDAK, S/Sgt., Inf, Youngs town, Ohio CECIL V. HUGHES, S/Sgt .• Inf. Birming ham, Ala. ROBERT R. HUNT, S/Sgt . , Inf, Nashvllle. Tenn. CHARLES D. JACKSON, 5/Sgt., CE, St. Joseph, La. WILLIE, L. JONES, $/Sgt., Inf. Roanoke Rapids, N. C. LEWIS KAPLAN, S/Sgt . , Inf, Sunflower, Mi:::s. JUSTIN M. KENNEDY, S/Sgt., Inf, Reids ville, Ga. TERRY I. KERVIN, S/Sgt., FA, Red Level, Ala. BEN.JAMIN G. KMETZ, S/Sgt., Inf, Yon kers, N. Y. JERRY D . KOUSTOUMBARDIS, S/Sgt .. Inf, Dallas, Tex. JOHN R. LANG, S/Sgt., Inf, crystal Springs, Miss. LEONARD T. LARSON, S/Sgt., Inf, Nam pa, Idaho LEE R . LINDSEY, S/Sgt., Inf, Collis, Miss. HENRY T. LORD, S/Sgt., FA., Andalusia, Ala. ERNEST W. MARTIN, S/Sgt., Inf, Gun tersville, Ala. BEE MILLER, S/Sgt., Inf, Bonefay, Fla. JOSEPH W. MILSTED $/Sgt., Inf, Biloxi, Miss. ROYAL MOLINEAUX, 5/Sgt., Inf, West Palm Beach, Fla. CLARENCE H. MOORE, 5/Sgt.. Inf, Bel mont. Mi~s. META A. MOORE, 5/Sgt., MD, .Jackson Springs. N. c. RAYMOND C. NATH, S/Sgt . , FA, Eldridge, Iowa VIRGII, 0 . NELSON, S/Sgt., Inf, H!Ulard, Fla. EARL T. NORTH, S/Sgt., Inf, Algiers, La. JAMES D. PAYNE. S/Sgt., Inf, Greens boro, Ala. MARVIN C. PELTON, S/Sgt., Inf, Waco, Tex. MIKE J. PIETROWSKI, S/Sgt., Inf, Cleve land, Ohio EDWARD PIETR2YK, 5/Sgt., Inf, Chica go, Ill. JOHN .T. PLASHA, $/Sgt., Inf, Kingston, W.Va. RALPH I. PRIOR, S/Sgt., Inf, Council Bluffs, Iowa FRANK .T. RAULERSON, S/Sgt., FA, Tampa. Fla. EUGENE B. READY, 5/Sgt . , Inf. Bates• burg, S. C. WALLACE .T. REYNOLDS, S/Sgt., FA. Newton, Ala. CHESTER R. ROGOWICZ, S/Sgt., Inf, Schenectady, N. Y. AARON ROSENTHAL. S/Sgt.. Inf, Mon• ticello, N. Y. LLOYD W. SARTIN, S/Sgt., Inf, St. Simon Island, Ga. JOHN F. SAYERS $/Sgt.. Inf, Upper Darby, Pa. THOMAS H. SEALE S/Sgt . . Inf, Tusca loosa, Ala. FOSTER C. SKAGGS, 5/Sgt., Inf, Martha, Ky. L. J. SIBBIE, $/Sgt., CE, Crystal Springs, Miss. DONALD E. SPENC~. S/Sgt., CE, .Tack son. Miss. CLIFTON L. STEWART, S/Sgt . , FA, Win• ter Haven, Fla. DARRELL J. STRASBAUGH, S/Sgt .. MD, Fort Myers, Fla. SAMMIE M. SUGGS, S/Sgt. Inf, Aber deen, Miss. LEO W. SWITZER, S/Sgt., CE, Inverness, Miss. NATHAN W. TEW, $/Sgt .. MD, Dothan. Ala. ZELIAN C. TURNER, S/Sgt .. Inf, Cotton• port, La. CARMEN E . WALLER, $/Sgt., FA. De• troit, Mich. J A.."\1ES E. WEBB, S/Sgt . , Inf, Rickman, Tenn. THOMAS E. W:ELLES. 5/Sgt., Inf, Peters burg, Va. JAMES E. WELLS, S/Sgt .. Inf, Laurel. Miss. CHARLES WILLIAMS, S/Sgt., Inf. Oko• Iona, :Miss, MARION F. WRONA, S/Sgt., Inf, New castle, Pa. JAMES E. YON. S/Sgt., MD, Athens, Ga. RALPH E. BAKERINK, T/3, MD, Fontan• elle. Iowa JOHN W. BIERNAT, T/3 . MD , Chicago, Ill. ELMER L. EGERDAHL, T/3. FA, Spirit• wood, N. D. WARD A. FENTON, T/3, FA, Buffalo, N. Y. WILLIAM H. GAUTT, Jr .. T/3, FD, Mag nolia, Ark. MA'{:,.ig:c:v L . ,HANSON, T/3, MD, Ame!fY, GEORGE R. KNEIFEL, T/3, FA, Morton Grove, Ill. ERNEST L. LEBRUN, T/3, FA, W. War wick, R . I. BERTEL A . LUKE, T/3, MD, New Or leans, La. ROEERT E. MARX, T/3, MD, Hollandale, Mi!S. CLARENCE w. McCLAIN. T/3, MD, Sioux City, Iowa SHIGEO MIYASHIRO, T/3, Inf, Pahala, Hawaii CHARLES H. OGLE T/3, MD, Dunellon, Fla. .JOSEPH E. POTERA, T/3, Inf, Plymoth, Pa. RICHARD G. PUSICH, T/3, MD, Fresno, Calif. BAILEY M. SANTA CRUZ, T/3, FD, Gulfport, Miss. LOUIS STERN, T/3, Z..ID, Brooklyn, N. Y. EDWARD T. TOURNEY, T/3, FA, Polland, Ore. JOHN A. WEAVER, T/3, MD, Dozier, Ala. TATSUO R. YAMANE, T/3, In, Tule Lake, Calif. ELMER D. ACKER, Sgt., ::nf., Phlla~el phia. Pa. ROBERT E. ALTMAN, Sgt., FA, Los Angeles, Calif. PEYTON R. ASKEW. Sgt . , MP, Memphis, Tenn. .T. C. BROWN, Sgt., Inf, Pontotoc, Miss. GEORGE C. CARRIGAN, Sgt., Inf, Lan caster, Pa. C. E. CARVER, Sgt .. Inf, Tate, Ga. 184 GLENN M. CHURCH, Sgt., Inf, Kansas Clty,Mo. PAUL V. COLI.INS, Sgt., Inf, Boston, Mass. JOHN R. COTHERN, Sgt., Inf, McComb, Miss. CLAUDE E. DANIEL, .Tr., Sgt., CE, Drew, Miss. FRED B. DILLINGER, Sgt., Inf, Dumas, Miss. TAVENOR W, DRAPER, Sgt., Inf, Proffit. Va. GEORGE R. EUBANKS, Sgt., Inf, Decatur. Ga . FRED FISHER, Sgt., CE. Kerhonkson. N. Y. Wll.LIAM L. FLETCHER, Sgt . , Inf, Ocean Springs. Miss. CLIFFORD L. FRY, Sgt., FA, Pavllllon, Wyo. DEWEY F. GREEN, Sgt., Inf, Key West. Fla. JOHN D. HALE. Sgt. Inf, Isola. Miss. MONROE C. HARRIS, Sgt., Inf, Dennis, Miss. R. L. HAYNES, Sgt .. Inf, Serreca, S. C. CLEVELAND HICKS, Sgt., FA, Andalusia, Ala. (P)JUmOR HILL, Sgt.. Inf, Birmingham, Ala. PAUL H. JARVIS, Sgt., FA, New Orleans, La. GLYNDON L. JONES, Sgt., Cav .• Troy, Ala. .TACK KLAVER, Sgt., Cav., Brooklyn, N. Y. ROBERT C. KORWAN, Sgt., Inf, Rich mond Hills, N. Y. LEWIS KOSS, Sgt., FA, Mattapan, Mass. EDWARD C. LEDOUX, Sgt., Inf, Johns bury. Vt. PAT H. MANN, Sgt .. Cav., .Amory, Miss. FERDINAND MASUTA. Sgt .• Inf, Garden City, N. Y. TALMADGE E. McANNALLY Sgt., Inf. Holcutt, Miss. JOHN T. McKELLER, Sgt.. Inf, West Hempstead, N. Y. HAYWARD D . :r-.ncHELS, Sgt .. FA. Water )oo, Iowa NOBLE A. MILLER, igt., Inf , Chicora, Pa. MASANORI M. MIYAGISHIMA, Sgt., Inf, Ogden, Utah ,DALLAS B. MOODY, -Sgt., CE. La Grange, Ga . SIDNEY S. MOORE, Sgt .. Cav., Alexander City, Ala. HENRY E. MORGAN, Sgt., Inf. McCool, Miss. HERMAN H. MULLER, Sgt., Inf, Hicks ville, N. Y. OTIS W. MULLINS, Sgt., Inf, Arlington. Tex . WALTER :NESBY, Sgt., CE, Philadelphia, Pa. JOHN NORMAN, Sgt., FA, Lithia, Fla. STANLEY E. ?-.'UTLER, Sgt .. Inf, 5wandale, W. Va . . PEARY N. ROSE, Sgt . , Inf, Dalesvllle, Miss. ELLIS E. OWENS, Sgt., Inf, Fyffe, Ala. RAYMOND E. SAMUELS, Sgt .• Inf, Sum merlee, W. Va. ALFRED M. SANTOLI, Sgt., Inf, Los Angeles, Calif. AURMON E. SATTAZAHN, Sgt .. Inf, Leb• anon. Pa. JOHN T. SAULS, Sgt . , Inf, Marietta, Ga. RICHARD L. SEUTER, Sgt., Inf, Rienzi, Miss . FRANCIS G. SMITH, Sgt., Inf, St . Louis. Mo. JOHN A . SMITH, Sgt . FA, Dewitt, Ark. KENNEnt R. THOMPSON, Sgt., Inf, Esc:inaba, Mich. LESTER B. VINCENT, Sgt., Inf, Alpine. Ala. ROBERT T. White, Sgt . , Inf. Purchase, N. Y. HOWARD J. APPEL, T/4, MD, Wellington, Calif . JAMES A. BANKS. T/4, Sig c .. Mobile, Ala. THEODORE S. BOMAN, T/4 FA, Gross. ville, Tenn.

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RICHARD H. BOTELER, Jr., T/4, MD, Laurel, Miss. DOUGLAS E. BROWNING, T/4, FA, Lau• rlum, Mich. C. L . COLLINS, T/4, MD, Monroe, La. CLARK A. -CONGDON, T/4, FA, Schenec tady; N. Y. GEORGE C. DURHAM. T/4, Inf, Friars Point, Miss. LESTER L. DURST, T/4, Cav, Lincoln , Ill. EUGENE R. EDMOND, T/4, Inf, Foley, Ala . JAMES H. EDWARDS, T/4, MD , Hollandale, Miss. DENVER FROST, T/4, MD, Mom!ngvlew, Ky . mVING GU.BERT, T/4, MD, Brooklyn, N.Y. JOSEPH J. GOGENOLA, T/4 , FA, Jerome, Idaho. LLOYD A. HOGAN. T/4, Inf, Java Vlllare, N.Y . (P) EDWARD D. JACKSON, T/4, Inf, Sardis, Miss. MEAGOR M. JOHNSTON T/4, Inf, Yazoo City, Miss . JOHN R. KAIN, T/4, Inf, Minneapolis, Minn. EDWIN M, LANE, T/4, Inf, St. Paul, Minn. CARL A. LARSON, T/4, Ord. Dept., Sandstone, Minn. RICHARD H . LEE, T/4, Inf, East Point, Ga. ., FRANK E. LEVAN. T/4, MD, Dora, Ala. JOSEPH A. MALONE, T/4, Sig; C., Patter• son, N. J. JOHN E. McLEOD, T/4, FA, Schenectady, N. Y. JOSEPH F. McNAMARA, T/4, Cav., Scran• ton, Pa. GUSTAVE . MIRRA, T/4, MD, Mamaro• neck, N. Y, SAMUEL MOREO, Sgt., Inf, Elmhurst, N. Y. CLITFORD L. MORSE, T/4, FA, Leonard, . N , Dak. . JOHN C. NESTER, T/4, Inf, Shiremans town. Pa. JOSEPH N. NORKUS, T/4, MD, Chicago, Ill , JOHN J, O ' CONNER , T/4 , MD, Kidder, Mo. ALEXANDER B. PRUITT, T/4, Inf, Flor• ence, S . C . JAMES H. Q'GURYNN, T/4, Inf, Grand Bay, Ala. JOHN W. ROBERTS, T/4 , Inf, New Bed• ford, Mass . JOHN L. SALVATORE, T/4, Inf, Highland, N . Y. WAYNE S . SCHRUNK, T/4, FA , Fargo, N.Dak. JACK E. SEIBERT, T/4, MD, Dayton, Ohio THOMAS B. SHARP, T/4, Inf, Gadsden, Ala. HOWARD L . SHERER, T/4, FA, Jasper, Ala. RUESSELL B. TAYLOR, T/4, MD, Fort Ann, N. Y. HENRY C . TICE, Jr., T/4, FA, Tampa, Fla . LANCE B. TOMPKINS, T/4, MD, Russel• ville, Ala . FRANK A. TURNER, T/4, MD, Heflin , Ala . FRANS R. VAN WEEL. T/4, FA, Roslyn, N. Y. EDWIN S. WILSON, T/4, Sig. C., Oakwood, Miss. MAFION H . WRIGHT, T/4, MD, Sanford, Fla, LOUI.; ABDELNOUR, Cpl., FA, Detroit, :Mich . A . G. BLACK, Jr., Cpl . , MD McLa i n , Miss. GALE L. BOYD; Cpl., FA, Yuba City, Calif . ROBERT B . CARROLL, Cpl., FA, Durant, Miss. VERN J . CRANDALL, Jr., Cpl., FA, Mar shall, Mich. HARVEY A. DEAS, Cpl., FA, Opelika, Ala . VERNON L . DUNN, Cpl., FA, Trevlllans, Va . JOHN F. FATKIN, Cpl., MP , Frostburg, Md. CONSTANTINO U. FERNANDEZ, Cpl. . FA, Tampa, Fla. LEON M . FOGLESONG, Cpl. FA, Bronson. Mich. CARL W. FOSTER, Cpl. FA, Sebring, Fla. EDWARD W. GATES, Cpl., FA. Key West, Fla. ERNEST A. HANDWERK, Cpl . , MD, Em• maus. Pa . NORMAL L. HARMAN, Cpl. Inf, McSherrystown , Pa. •FERNANDO W . HERSMAN, Jr. Cpl. , MD , Cincinnati, Ohio STANLEY R. HUTCHINSON, Cpl. FA, Bainbridge, N . Y. MAYNARD L. KLINGSIECK, Cpl, MD, Hope, Kans. EVERETT C. KNOBLOCH, Cpl. MD, Flushing; N . Y. JAMES F. LISA, Cpl. FA, Carona, N. Y. THOMAS W. LOliTON, Jr., Cpl. FA, Jacksonville. Fla. ARDELL McNEAL. Cpl. Inf, Blue Moun tain, Ala. CLAY A . ORSSURN, Cpl . FA, Lake Wales, Fla . HAROLD R. PERRY, Cpl. FA, Jefferson, S . Dak. JAMES F. RICHARDSON, Cpl. Inf, Ac kerman, Miss . MARVIN G. ROBERTSON, Cpl., FA. Tus caloosa , Ala . GEORGE J. SUDDES, Cpl., Inf, Sprlng !ield, Ill. BENJAMIN W, TICE , Cpl . , FA, Tampa, Fla, FRED TUDESCO, Cpl . , FA, Sparkhill. N.Y. DAVIDS . UNDERWOOD , Cpl., FA, Trinity, N. C. ELMER J. URBANYI, Cpl., MD, Toledo, Ohio. ALOM.t.O M . VILLAREAL, Cpl., Inf, San Antonio. Tex . WALTER E . WALDMAN, Cpl . , Inf, Colum. bus, Nebr. FRANCIS A. YARBROUGH, Cpl. , Inf, Rusk, Tex. ERNEST L . ABNEY, T/5, MD, San Fran cisco, Calif. WILUAM 0. BALLENTINE, T/5, FA , Nashville, Tenn. ANDREW H. BASKIN, T/5, CE, Noxapter, Miss. ERNEST L. BENNETT, T/5, MD, Porter• dale, Ga. RICHARD E •. BILLS, T/5, FA, Boston, Pa. MELVIN c . BOREN, T/S, FA, Dorsey, Miss. HERBERT E. BOYD, T/5, CE, Boyle, Miss. SAMUEL R . BRANSCOM, T/5, FA, Ray, Ohio HAROLD A . BREJCHA, T/S, MD: Gaylord, Kans. •PAUL B. BROOME, T/5, MD, Rattles: burg, Miss. GILE.ERT L. CAMPBELL, T/5, MD, Gre nada, Miss. LEONARD T. CENTEK, T/5, MD, Almena. Kans . MYRON H . CLEMONS , T/5, FA, Lake Wales, Fla. COLLISTER H. CORKISH, T/5, MD, Con cord, N. H. . DOMINIC COTRONEO, T/5, Inf, Brooklyn, N . Y. CHARLES T. DAVIS, T/5. MD, Mlruni, Fla. HOWARD W. DOYLE, Jr., T/5, MD, An• gola, N. Y. ROBERT C . FARMER, T/5, FA, Oxford, Mich. FRANK W . FARRELL, T/5, Inf, Springwood. Va . ARTHUR L . FLEMING, T/5, FA, Spartan burg, S . C, GERALD L. FRIED, T/5, MD, Glenn Allen, Miss, STEPHEN G, FROMEL, T/5, FA, Yonker, N.Y. CHARLES R. GRIFFIN , T/5, Inf, Upper Marlboro, Md , 185 HENRY HARRER, T/5, MD, Baltimore, Md. ALFRED B. HILL, Jr., T/5, MD, Water Valley, Miss. MELVIN T. HODGE , T/5 , MD , Livingston Manor, N. Y. ANTHONY J, HOGGART, T/5, Cav., Vicks, burg, Miss , . •ORVILLE R. KING, T/5, MD, Knoxville, Tenn. . WAL.Ji:R J. KNIGHT. T/5, MD, Opelika. JAMES D. LATSIS, T/5, Inf, Medvale. Wash. JAMES W. LAWLER, T/5 , MD, Cudahy, Wisc. DONALD LeQUmE, T/5, Inf, New Haven, Conn . LONNIE L. LOGAN, T/5, CE,. Greenwood, Miss, JOSEPH A . MALKOSKI, T/5 , Inf, Kulpmont, Pa. DANIEL J, McCARTHY, T/5, . Sig. C . . Watertown , Mass. DONALD W . McCUISH. T/5, MD, Glouces ter, Mass. BURDETTE A. McNAUGHTON, T/5, MD, Sioux City, Iowa , STEWART J. McWn.LIAMS, T/5, MD. East Le1oy , Mich . ALBERT E. MITCHELL, T/5, FA, Winona, M~s . 0 GUY MOODY T/5, FA, Dozier, Ala . LOUIS J . MORAMARCO, T/5, MD, Lonr Island, N. Y. FRANCIS K. MORDEN, T/5, Rockwood, Mich. HOWARD L. MORSE, T/5 , MD, Excelsior , ~prlngs, Mo. MILTON M. MORTON, T/5 , Inf, Christiana, Tenn . . . HENRY J. OTTO, T/5, CE, Valley Stream, N. Y, ROBERT A. RUSSELL, Jr. T/5, CE, Custer City, Pa. GREELY B . SAULS, T/5, MD , Woodbury, 1.enn. L. K. SIMPSON, T/5, Inf, Waxahachie, Tex. ELMER E. SMITH, T/5, In!, Rus,elvil:e, Ala, JOHN M. SMITH, T/5, FA, Broo'k!yn, N. Y. GLENN . G. STOUT, T/5, MD, Butler, Tenn . JOSEPH VALAZA.K, T/5, Cav., Hellwood, Pa. WILBERT G. VEIT, T/5, MD, Ardmore , Pa . , . CECIL WEEMS, T/5, FA, Lexington, Miss . . MICHAEL H. WEIR, T/5 , MD , Baltimore, Md . I CHARLES D. WHITFIELD, T/5, FA, Moul. tr,e, Ga. WILLIAM H. WILKINS . T/5 . MD, Bronson, Mich. FREDERICK C . WILLIAMS, T/5 , FA, Grandville, N. Y. ERNEST A. WILSON, T/5, MD , B:anstown , Mo. . ~Jl3}: E . WRIGHT, T/5, Cav . , Alma, RICHARD D. WUENSCHEL, T/5, FA, Erie, Pa. HARRY L. ADAMS , Pfc ., Inf . Finley, Pa. RAN"ON L. A.DAMS, Pfc., Inf., Green• wocd, Miss . ARTHUR W. ANDERSON, Pfc., Inf., Chi• cago, DI (P)HAROLD K . ANTHONY, Pfc . , Inf , . Husn.nc. L . I .. N. Y. CHARLES J. BAKOS, Pfc., Inf , , Winthrop, Miss. WALTER S. BARDAY , Pk. Inf, South Portland, Me . J~llf,.~• BARNES, Pfc .. FA, Cottage Hill, LAWRENCE R. BAYLOR, Pfc. , Inf; Apollo, Pa, J01fil_ W. BEAL. Pfc., CE, East St. Louis , JESSE L . BENTLEY, Pfc., Inf, Horton, Ala, . GRAHAM BINGHAM, Pfc., Inf, Gorham, Ala.

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WILLIE E. BLAYLOCK. Pfc .• Inf, Batesville, Miss. BENJAMIN H . BODINE, Pfc . , Inf, Kelso, Wah. HENRY T. BORN, Pfc . , CE, Chicago, m . GEORGE E. BOTTS, Pfc,. Inf, Valley, Tenn .. WILBUR O. BOUKNIGHT, Pfc., Inf, New berry, S. C. LLOYD J. BRAVE, Pfc., CE, Rapid City, S. D. MELVIN R . BREWER, Pfc .. Inf, Dunn, N. C. CHARLES P. BRICKER, Pfc . , Inf , Glas gow, Pa. FREAS B . BRITTINGHAM, Pfc., MD, Independence, Mo . J . C . BROOKS, Pfc., Inf, Gastonia, N. C. JOHN J. BROSKY . Pfc., Inf. Bronx, N . Y . CARL A. BROWN, Pfc., MD, Memphts. Tenn . TEOY P. BROWN, Pfc., Roche s ter, Tex. GRANT J. BULTMAN, Pfc .• MD, New Orleans , La. GEORGE H. BURGESS, Pfc. , Inf, Georges Creek, Ky . LLOYD L . CAIN, Pfc., Inf, Quinton, Okla . JAMES S. CAMPBELL , Pfc., Inf , Manitou. Ky. . FORREST L . CARPENTER, Pfc . , Inf, A land, Ala . FRED A . CARTER , Pfc., MD, Knoxville, Tenn. JAMES B . CARTER, Pfc .. MD, Gladys , Ky. LUDIE J. CARTER, Pfc. , Inf, Grand Saline, Tex . WALLACE R . CARTER, Pfc., Inf, Lone Oak. Tex. REYNALDO S . CASAREZ . Pfc .• FA, Kene dy, Tex. ARNOLD A. CE:MBALEST, Pfc., MD, Lawrence, N. Y. MARIO CERO N E. Pfc., MD. Elmhurst. L . I . , N . Y. GEORGE N. CHEATWOOD, Pfc. , Inf, Fru i thurst, Ala. JAMES E. CHESTNUT, Pfc., MD, Bloom ington, Ind . LAWRENCE R . CHIAPUZIO , Pfc . . Inf, Hurle y , Wisc . WILLIAM K. CHILDRESS , Pfc . . Inf , Den• ver , Colo. THOMA.S W. CHOATE. Pfc . . Inf , Jacks v ille , Tex. FRED A . CHRISTIAN , Pfc ., Inf , Roder• fie l d, W. Va . MELVIN W. CLARK , Pfc . . I n f, Iuka , Miss . EDWARD E . COBB , Pfc . , Inf, Huntsville, Ala. (P)JOHN J . CO N DON. P f c . , Inf. Yonkers, N. Y. ARTHUR L . COOK, Pfc .• Inf, La Porte, Ind . ROSEL M . COTTEN, P f c., MD , Bakers• vill e, Cali!. WILLIAM E. COURCIER. Pfc .. Inf, Grls wcld , Iowa CHARLES J. CUCCIA . Pfc .• MD, Madison, Wisc . JOHN K. CULVER, Pfc., Ord. Dept., M i ddleton, N. Y . JERRY DAMORA. Pfc . , FA , Kearney, N . Y . JOHN C. DARCY, Pfc., MD, Boston. Ma s s . (P)JOHN DELLAROBBA. Pfc Inf , Cliff Sid e Park, N . J. HARRY H . DE N GEL, Pfc . , Inf, Lansdowne . Pa . J. D . DODD , Pie . , Inf , Redding , Calif . LEROY J . DOUGLAS. Pfc . . MD , New Orlean s , La . DONAL J. DUSSEAU , Pie., Inf , Monroe. M ic h . . MINOR D . DUVAL . Pfc . FA. San Ber nard i no. Calif . MELVIN J . EIDE. Pfc., MD , Bo is e , Idaho JOHN F. ELLIS, Pfc., Inf, Mahano y City, Pa. DEEMER L. FICKES, Pfc . , Inf . Newville, Pa. CHARLES H . FISHER Pfc . , MD . Cohoes , La . WAYNE B . FISHER, Pfc., Inf , Meadow Grove, Nebr. HOYT J . FLEMING. Pfc ., FA , Lake Al!red, Fla. KERMIT FOLES, Pfc., MD, Prentis. Miss. OREM W . FOREHAND , Pfc., Inf, Three Rivers. Tex. ALEX FORRAY, Jr . , Pfc . , MP, South Bend, Ind . CHARLES A . FOSTER, Pfc ,. Inf, Bovey, Wisc. ., _ ROGER W. FOX, Pfc., MD, Alpharetta, Ga. MEREL C. FREIMAN, Pfc., Inf , Madtson, Wisc . EDWARD A. FRENCH , Pfc., Inf, Port Huron, Mich . JAMES W . FRENCH, Pfc . , Inf, Blytheville, Ark. DONALD V. FUFE , Pfc ., MD, Somerville . Mass. MAXWELL P . T . GEHRIG, Pfc., MD. Brooklyn , N. Y. . JOSEPH GONSALVES , Pfc., MD . Oakland . Calif. WALDO R . HALL , Pfc . , Inf, Letonla, Oh i o GEORGE W . HALLOCK. Pfc., Inf, Oak• ville, Conn . WALTER B. HAM, Pfc,. MD, Lansing, N . C. J. STANFORD HAYS, Pfc., Inf , La Porte, Ind. JESSE C . HIERS, Pfc . . Inf, Ehrhardt, S. C. BART L . HILL, Pfc., Inf, Arlee , Ala . PAUL J. HODS, Pfc . , Inf, John s town . Pa . DAVID H . HOLEMAN , Jr .. Pfc. , Inf, Blackhawk, Miss . LEWY', E . HOWARD, Pfc., Cav . Atlanta. Al a. WOODROW HUMPHREY, Pfc., FA, Jack sonville . N. C . RAMSEY S. HURT, Pfc., Inf. Ripley, Miss. (P)MARVIN L . HUYCK, Pfc .. FA , Detroit, M i ch. EDWARD C. JANSSEN, Pfc., Inf , St . Paul. Minn . (P)BEN JARRELL. Pfc . . Inf, Dana . K y . EDMUND J. JOWORSKI. Pfc., Inf, Phlla• delphi a , Pa . JOSEPH A. JENCIK. Pfc., Inf. McKees Rock , Pa. BYRON JOHNSON. Pfc . , Inf, Leom i nster, Ma :s. SEWELL F . JOHNSON, Pfc., MD. Gibson S t ation, V a. JOHN F . JONES, Pfc . . Inf, Hi g hland, N. Y. TILMAN E. JONES , Pfc ., MP , Mounta i n View. Mo. ROBERT N . JUMP, Pfc .. Inf, Bimghamton , N. Y. LEWIS B . KELLEY Pfc., MD, Tipto n, Okla. ROBERT J. KOEPPEN, Pfc., Inf, Gowanda. N.Y. JOHN J. KOZEMKO, Pfc . . Inf, Wilkes Barre, Pa . HENRY GEO R GE T. KRANOCK, Pfc., Inf, O le an, N . Y . HENRY 0 . KUGLER. Jr . . Pfc .. Inf , Cross Timbers. Mo . JAMES H . LAVECCHIA , Pfc. , Inf , Lynd hurst, N . J. DAN G . LEBAKOS, Pfc ., Inf, San Anserno, Calif. . JOHN LEE . Pfc . . Inf . North Braddock, Pa . BARNEY LESTER , Pfc.. Inf , Majestic, Ky . GEORGE L. LEWIS , Pfc., MD. Brooklyn, N.Y. ' (P)ERNEST M . LITTLE, Pfc . , Inf, Hughes, Ark . WILLIAM C . LOGAN, Pfc ., MD , Drew. M i ss. VICTOR G. LOLLAR, Pfc., Inf, North Port. Ala . (PJWILLIAM M. LONGMAN, Inf, Baldwin, N. Y. DELBERT R . LOWERY, Pfc. , Cav . , McFall, Mo. 186 FLOYD C. LOWERY, Pfc., Inf, Brunswick. Md . JACK W . MAGEE, Pfc., Inf, Pasad e na . Tex. ANTHONY J. MAJKUT, Pfc . , Inf , Webster. Mass. MAX MAKA.REWICK, Pfc . , FA, Willis, Mich . LOTUS L . MANN, Pfc . , CE , Ponca C i ty, Okla. HARVEY G. MASON , Pfc ., FA , Poccasset . Okla. DOMINIC A. MAURO:SE. Pfc., Inf, Ri v er• side, N. J. THOMAS J. McLAUGHLIN, Pfc .. MD . Sel : evllle, N. J. JOHN J. McQUAID. Pfc .. Inf. Bridgeport. Pa . EUGENE A. METZINGER, Pfc., Inf, St. Joseph, Mo . PAUL J. MILLER, Pfc., Inf, Dayton , Ohio JESSE P. MILSAP Pfc . Inf, Fayettevllle. Ark. WARNER MILTON, Pfc., Inf, Memphis . Tenn. JOHN H . MffiAGLIA, Jr .. Pfc . , Inf, Pitts• iie ! d. Ma!S. EARL E. MOEN, Pfc. , Inf , Wr i ght , Minn . WILLIAM H . MOORE, Jr., MP, Burghlll, Oh i o JOSEPH M. MORAN . Pfc . , MD, Scranton . Pa . HARVEY, MYERS, Pfc., Inf . New Albany , Miss. BENJAMIN NECKIN , Pfc., MD, New York Ci:y, N. Y. CECIL T. NELSON . Pfc . . Inf . Ensl e ) , Ala . JAl\fES F . Nl'GE?-."T . Jr., Pfc ., Inf , Long Is ! and , N. Y. EUGENE NUEL. Pfc . Inf, Trenton , N . J . EMIL OLASIN, Pfc., Inf, Lodi, N. J . JO~EPH J. O'REILL Y , Pfc .• Inf . Clifton He i ghts. La. DONALD L . 03TRANDER Pfc., Inf, Uleta . Fla . ARTIS L . OWENS, Pfc.. Inf, Purvis . l\Iiss. Wil.LIAM A. PAGE, Pfc.. MD. New Philad e !phia, Pa . BE N SON V. PARISI , Pfc., FA, Brooklyn. N . Y . R. D. PEACOCK. Pfc. . MD. West\ ille . Fla . BURL S . PERKINS , Pfc.. MD , Shouns , Tenn . JOSEPH N. PETERS. Pfc'.. Inf : Sarasota. F l a . CARL C . PETERSO:-i. Pfc . . Inf. ::lli n eapoli s, M i nn . CHARLES G . PICKERING . Pfc. , FA . Val ley Stream. N. Y. ELTO N B . PICKETT . Pfc . , Cav .. Smlthdale. Miss. WALTER J . PITT l\ IA X , Pfc .. Inf , Autauga vi:le. Ala . VI N CENT POMA . Pfc . . Inf. Sagenaw. Mich . THOMAS REGORRAH, Pfc.. Inf, Detroit , Mich . CLUDE D. RICE . Pfc. , Inf. Winchester . Ky. CHARLIE T. RIVERS, Pfc., Inf, Decatur. Ala . JAMES T . ROACH, P f c., Inf, Bradley . Miss . WILLIAM S. ROBERTSON, Pfc ., Inf . Bcothwynn, Pa. CARL A. ROWMPAGEL, Pfc ., MD , La Porte, Ind. ROBERT RUIZ, Pfc .. FA, 'Nursary , Tex . FELIX A. SARMIE:'i'TO , Pfc .. Inf, Sonora . Mex. RICHARD R. SARRAULT, Pfc . . Inf, She• bo y gan . M i c:h . ARTHUR G. SCHATZ. Pfc., MD. Newark . N . J , THOMAS J. SCHffiALLI . Pfc., Inf , Lyn brook , N. Y . SARGENT T . SCHIVER, Pfc . , Inf . M o ultrie. Ga . ROBERT SCHMID, Pfc .. MD . Chicago, Ill. CHARLES H . SCOT!' , Pfc .• Inf . Spu r , Tex . REID 0. SCOTT, Pfc .. Inf, Imper i al, Pa . I I

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JOHN T. SCULLY. Pfc ., Inf , Brighton, Ma!S. (P)MARV I N J , SHELDON, Pfc ., Inf , Tem• perance, Mich. LEBULON W. SHEPE, Pfc .. FA , Prentlse, N.C. . EUGENE SIBLEY, Pfc., Inf, Chase, Md. MAYNARD L. SILVA, Pfc., Inf, Lemoore, Cali! . BONNIE , D . SIMS , Pfc ., MD , Greenbrier, Ark. ELDRED I. SIMS, Pfc . , Inf, Irondale, Ala . WAYNE R. SLAGLE, Pfc., MD,. Taylor vn:e, Ill . EARL L. SLATE, Pfc .. Inf, Petersburg, Va . KERMIT G. SMART, Pfc., MD, North Tazwlll, Va . CHESTER M . SMITH , Pfc., Inf, Tr i on_ Ga. RAYMOND V . SMITH, Pfc . , Inf , Carroll ton, M i ss ; ROY W. SNIPES, Pfc., Inf, Kann a polis, N . C. WALTER SOKEL, Pfc . , MD, East Chatan . N . Y . EVERETT H. SOUTHLAND, Pfc .. FA, San Bernardino , Calif. HENRY C . SPRAGGINS , Pfc., Inf, Alpine, Ala . LEO C . STABILE. Pfc . , MD. Brooklyn, N . Y. HELMUTH N . STRACKE , Pfc., FA, Hunt• ington, L . I., N. Y. ORLA N DO I . STILES , Pfc .. Inf , Terre Haute, Ind. RALPH H . STUCKEY, Pfc., Inf. Everett, Pa . EDWARD G . SULLIVAN, Pfc ., Inf, Atlan ta , Ga . . EUGENE 0. SULLIVAN, Pfc . , Inf. Nettle ton, Miss . CHARLES A . SUMMERS . Pfc. , MD , New Market . Md . BERTONE . SUTTON , ' Pfc .. FA, Bellaire, Mich. JOHN SWATKOWSKI, Pfc., Inf, Olyphant, Pa. LEON T. SWEETER, Pfc., FA, Albion, Mich. GEORGIA A. TUCKER, Pfc ., Inf, Steel , Mo. NORMAN B . TAUBERG, Pfc., Inf, Pitts burg, P a . SAMUEL J . TINDEN, Pfc., MD, Locust VaJ:cy, N. Y . EUGENE C . TINSLEY, Pfc. , Inf. , Oly phant , Pa. JOSEPH G . TOMLINSON , Pfc . , Inf. Phila delph i a, Pa. LEROY C. TUOMELA. Pfc ., Inf, Ishpening, Mich. ' NED T. VANLANDINGHAM , Pfc . , MD, Palmetto, Fla . FRED C . VARGAS, . Pfc., Inf, Lamar. Call! . NICHOLAS C . VASILE , Pfc .. Inf , Brook• lyn, N. Y. . ROBERT E . VOSS, Pfc . , MD , St . Louis , Mo . STEVE WAGNER, Pfc .. Inf , Cle v eland, Ohio WILBUR L . WALKER, Pfc . , FA, Princeton. Wisc . BOYD L . WALLING, Pfc ., Inf. Los Angeles, Calif . DELMAR L. \VEBB . Pfc . , MD , Webbvllle , Ky. WILLIAM B. WEDGEWOOD. Pfc .. MD, Welch , W. Va . STANLEY WEGRZYNOWS K I , Pfc ., Inf, Camden, N . J. HUBERT J. WEST, Pfc ., Inf. Albert, Canada HERMAN L. WHIDDEN, Pfc., l\ID, Lake City, Fla. FRANK R . WICE, Pf c ., Inf , Ch i cago , Ill. (P) J. D . WIGGER. Pfc. , Inf. Greensboro, Ala . * CLIFFORD V . WILLIAMS, Pfc .. MD , Tampa , Fl a . ORLAN V. WILSON, Pfc .. Inf, Florence , Ala. RAYMOND D . WILSON. Pfc . CE, Sturg i s. Miss . WILLIAM I. WILSON, Pfc . , Inf, Tou humne, Calif . FRANK E . Witherspoon, Pfc . , Jackson , Tenn. HAROLD YOUNG, Pfc., Inf, Hol!and, Chio IVY YOUNG, Pfc., Inf, Po n totoc, M ; s ,. EDGAR BADGETT, Pvt., Inf. Atalla. Ala . CHARLES T. BAILEY , Pvt., Inf, Birmingham , Ala. EDWIN l . Baird, Pvt.. Inf, Be!lmead, Tex. CARSON F . CHILDERS, Pvt .. Inf , V i cks burg, Miss. JOHN P . COLLINS, Pvt., MD, Liberal. Kans . WALTER E . HANSON, Pvt., Inf, Los Angeles, Calif. JAMES A. HOGGLE, Pvt . , Inf, Tus~a loo s a. Ala . THOMAS W. JACKSON, Pvt., MD, Long hurst . N. C . (P)HENRY D . LOWERY, Pvt ., Inf, Okmul ges, Okla . mvING R. MENDELSON Pvt . . MD. Brooklyn, N . Y . CHARLES L. NIXON, Pv t .. FA , Tampa , Fla. LUDWIG M. SEELIG. Pvt .. Inf, Baltimore , Md. CHARLES M. SHA VER, Pvt .• Inf, Sandy vU:e . W. Va. TOM TURNER. Pvt .• Inf , Whitne y, Tex. DIETRICH E . . VON BOTHMER, Pvt . , Inf , Eisepach, Germany . MILTON lit. WEINER , Pvt. Inf . Brooklyn, N . Y . . "WILLIAM H. WILCOX, Pvt.. Inf. Hot Spr i ngs, S . D .

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HILLED ,n ACTIOn OR DIED OF wounos ATKINSON, Ray, T /Sgt BAGA, Pete J., Pfc BAILEY, James, Pfc BLANTON, Scott R., 2d Lt BURCH, Eugene H., Pvt BUTLER, Oliver D., S/Sgt CASPERSEN, Edward J ., Pfc CELLES, George L., Jr., Capt COLBATH, Francis W., Pfc CRAY, Calvin W., Pfc CRUMBLEY, Woodrow L., T/Sgt DATTOLO, Sam D., Pfc DA VIS, Stephan H., Pfc DELLAROBBA, John, Pfc DIAZ, Edward C ., Pfc DIAZ, Raymon C., Pvt . DUKE, Bates G., Sgt ELTISTE, Herman A., Jr., S/Sgt FERRERA, Albert, Pfc FLEMING, Edward P., Pfc FRANKS, John D., Jr., Pvt . GAONA, Eugene L., Pfc GILLEN, James A., Sgt GILLEY, Lee R., S/Sgt GODBOLD, Harold, Pfc GOOLSBY, Howard D . , S/Sgt GRISDELL, Ernest L . , Pfc HAGEN, Carl G., Pvt HALES, Ottis L., S/Sgt HEMPHILL, Albert L., Sgt HENDRICKSON, Edward A ., Pfc HIIPAKKA, Swante W., Pfc AITAPE (AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA) HIMLER, Robert F., Sgt HUYCK, Marvin L., Pfc INGRAM, Prentiss C., Sgt JACKSON, Edw . ard D., T/4 JANICK, Stanley J., Pfc JOHNSON, Willard r., Pfc JONES, Wesley B . Pfc KELLY, Erskin L . , Pfc KEMP, Thomas E . , Sgt KILGORE, Ellis D., T,5 LIPSCOMB, Wade R ., Pfc LITTLE, Err.est N., Pvt LOWE, Samuel A., Pfc MATTHEWS , James P ., Cpl J MATTSON, Allison B . , Pfc MEDLIN, Austin J., P!: MILLS, Homer R., T/5 MINY, Earl 0., Jr., Pvt MOORE, Harold D., S/Sgt MULGANNON, Robert E., Pfc MULLINS, Vaultie C., Pfc McFERRIN, Raymond E. , Pfc McLEMORE, Frank, S / Sgt McMAHON, Matthew, Jr ., T / 4 OAKSFORD, Howard M . , Pfc OLSEN, Arne M . , Pfc O'NEAL, Raymon E ., Pvt O'QUAIN, Wilford, Pvt OUIMETTE, Edward J., S/Sgt PEACOCK, Robert, Sgt PEHRSSON, Henry J ., Pfc PHELPS, Maynard W., S/Sgt PRINCE, Jesse G., Pfc QUAIL, Peter D., Pvt RAKESTRAW, L. C., Pfc RHODES, Eugene E., Pfc RICHARDSON, Johnnie M., Pvt RODRIGUEZ, Robert, Pfc ROSA, Eston, Pfc RUOTOLO, George J., Pvt SLAZWEDEL, Vernon A., Pfc SANDLER, George E., Pvt SCOTT, John D., Pvt SEARFY, Harold P., Pfc SERCA, Frank W., Pfc SHELDON, Marvin J., Pfc SNODGRASS, Robert T., Pfc STAND, Frank, Pvt SUHRBIER, Leo K . , Pfc TARTAKOFF, Ira I., Pfc TASMAN, Donald ~-, S/Sgt TAYLOR, Tom M., Pfc TOWNSEND, Leslie D., Pfc URRCSKI, B _ ennie F., Pfc VINANSKY, : John, Pvt WALKER, Donald E ., Pfc• WELLINGTON, Byron K., Pfc WEST, Ray H ., Cpl_ WHITE, William S., Pvt WHITT, Her~ld M . , S/Sgt WILLIAMS Frank S., Pfc WILLIAMSON, Frank S., T /5 WINDGRADSKI, Chester, Pfc WOODALL , James B., S/Sgt ZELDIN, Charles, Pvt WAKDE-SARMI AREA (MAFFIN BAY, DUTCH NEW GUINEA) AMMON, Roy L . , Pfc ASSANTE, Anthony, Pvt BERI, John, Pfc BLACKBURN, Virgil A., Pvt . BRANNON, ~ohn D., Pfc CARROLL, Theodore R., Pfc FORD, Ernest, T/4 FUTCH, Earl B., Pvt HORTON, James, Pfc HOWARD, James E. , Pfc HOWELL, Austin M ., Pfc KEENER, Harold M. , Pfc LE~IS, Chester E., Pfc MINTZ, Ernest E., T / 4 MOSER, Louis G . , Pfc OSBORNE, Edwin P ., Sgt PAPP, Michael J,, Pfc PEASE, Thomas A., Pfc MISSING IN ACTION TRUHEL, Joseph A., Pfc 3 REIDY, George E . , Pfc RILEY, Eugene, Pvt RILEY, Mark, T/Sgt, ROGERS, John W., Jr., Pfc SPROLES, Quinton E., Pfc SWORDS, S. D. , Pfc SZYMANSKI, John R., Pfc TRACY , Burton M., Pvt TRAUTWEIN, William M., Pfc

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MOROTAI ISLAND CAMPAIGN NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES AINSWORTH, Paul R., Pfc ANDERSON, James V., Pfc ATWATER, Early Y., Pfc BARNETT, James M., Pfc BENNETT, Archibald J., Pfc BLACK, Raymond T., Pfc BLACKLEY, Ben, Pfc BOCCELLI, Joseph J., Pfc BOWEN, Jesse C., Pfc BOX, Lee H . , S/Sgt BREAM, Guy L., Pvt BYRD, Junie, Pfc CARLSON, Lawrence, Sgt CARR, Jimmie H., Pfc CASCIO, Joseph, Pvt DANIELS, James D., Sgt DIEM, Joseph E., Jr., Pfc DILLER, George A., Jr., S/Sgt' . DOMBROWSKI, John F., Jr., Pfc DOUGLAS, Thomas, Pfc EAST, George T., 2nd Lt ECONOMOU, Columbus E., Pfc GOODWIN, Derrick W., Pvt GRAHAM, Jack C., Pfc GRIFFIN, George Y., Pfc HAMPTON, Willie B., Pfc HAKY, Nogi H., Pfc HENDRICKS, Gerald J., Pvt HERRINGTON, Nolan, Pvt HERT, William J., Pfc HOBDY, Floyd D., T/4 INGHRAM, George A., Jr., Pfc INGRAM, Robert H., Sgt KOPP, Howell S . , Capt LOCAP ARRA, Rocco A., Pfc MAGLIEV AZ, August, Pvt MALERIO, Albert G., Pvt MALOEUF, Roland A., Pfc MARSHALL, Jack L., Pfc MATHEWS, Marion, Pfc MENARD, Leo E., Pfc MONTGOMERY, Francis L., Pvt NAIL, Hardy F., Pfc NEAL, Max L., Pfc OLSON, Doran W., Pfc OYLER, William D., Pfc PAUL, Joseph R., Jr., Pfc PERDSKI, Nicholas, Pfc PETLICKI, ,Toseph C .. 2nd Lt PHARES, Ottis C., T/5 PILGREEN, John E., T/Sgt REYNOLDS, Ollie C., Pfc ROBERTSON, James 0., Pvt SARIDAKIS, Tony, Pfc SMITH, Raymond W., Sgt SNYDER, William M., _ Sgt SODERSTROM, Axel J., Pfc STEVENS, Waldo E., Pfc VERCH, Curt J., Pfc WATTLES, Joseph S., Pfc WEBER, Edward C., T/5 MAPIA ISLANDS (NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES) BLAIR, Robert J., Pfc CAPPELLO, Joseph A., Pvt DICKINSON, Charles C., S/Sgt DRISCOLL, Dennis J . , Jr., Pfc DUMAS, Albert, Pfc LANCASTER, Howard C . , Pvt KEY, Robert C., Capt LARUE, Troy C., Capt ADAMS, John T., Sgt ADAi"vlS, Ransom L., Pfc ANDERSON, Chappell, Jr., T/5 ANTHONY, Harold K., Pfc ARNOLD, Ase J., S/Sgt AUGUST, Francis A., Pfc BAKER, John A., ,Tr., Sgt BAKER, Robert L., Pvt BALSI(?ER, Arthur E . , Sgt BARDWELL, Karl H . , 1st Lt BILLINGTON, John, Pfc BJORKLAND, Ralph L., 1st Lt BLACK, Talmage F., Pfc BRAZEL, Oscar H . , Pfc BREDAL, Otto P., Pfc LONG, Claude U., S/Sgt MARTIN, Jack E., S/Sgt McANANY, William P., S/Sgt PANNELL , Roland G . , Pvt PARKER, Jessel, Pfc PEJACK, William, Pfc SANSAPOR, DUTCH NEW GUINEA MENDENHALL, John R., Col ROBY, William D., Maj MINDANAO, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS BROWN, Thomas F., S/Sgt BRYANT, Charles G., Pfc BURNS, Robert J., Pfc BUSSEY, Robert E., Pfc CAMERON, Alan P., Pvt CAPAZZELLI, Daniel D., Pfc CARO, Joseph S., Pfc CAROTHERS, Benona B., Pfc CARR, Leon H., Pfc CARRILLO, Octaviano S., Pfc CATES, Joe, Pfc CHARLTON, Duncan K., Pfc CISNEROS, Teresa J., Pfc CLANTON, Leroy, T/Sgt CLARK, Roland M . , Pvt STANLEY, William, Pfc STRATFORD, Seward D. , Pvt TURNER, Emil, Cpl W~ITE, Michael A . , Pfc ZOBLOSKY, Elbert, Pfc WINSLOW , Herbert R., 1st Lt CLARK, Valiant 0., Pvt CLUNAS, Hilton R., Sgt COLGAN, Aquinas T., Capt COLLINS, Hugh L., S/Sgt COLMAN, Lloyd E., Pfc CONDON, John J., Pfc CONNER, William L., Pfc CO:t:rn' A Y, Edward T., Pfc CORRIERA, John D., Pfc COX, Homer L., Pvt CRAIG, Edward H., Pvt CRANE, Robert L., Pfc CRITES, Robert E., Pfc CROSS, Jesse J . , Jr., Pfc CROSSWHITE, Odus Leo, Pfc

PAGE 39

CULLERS, Howard M., Pfc JANKOWSKI, Chester L., Pfc PRATT, Ernest J., Sgt CURRY, Andy, Pfc . JARRELL, Ben, Pfc RAND, Harold E., Lt Col CURTIS, Lawrence W., Cpl KASTANAS, John G., 1st Lt RAY, George A., Pvt CURTIS, Russell J., Pfc KING, Orville R., Pfc RODGERS, James J., Pfc DEDEAUX, Elgin.L., S/Sgt LATTA, Michael, Jr., Pfc. -ROBY; Charlie F., Pfc DENNISON, John B., Pfc LAWLES, William F., Pfc RYDBERG, Marvin L . , Pfc DORGAS, Peter, Pfc LAWRENCE, Mark F., Pvt SANTORA, Anthony J., Pvt DRAPER, Harold W., Pfc LEATHERMAN, Mehrle E., Pfc SCHMID, Robert, Pfc DUCKETT, Wallace H., Sgt LEDBETTER, D. C., Pfc SCHMIDG~L, Donald J., Pfc EARHART, Gerald B., Pfc LEFKOWITZ, David, Pfc SEEBERG, William P., Pfc EINSPAHR, Alfre~ G., Pfc LEHN, James J., Pfc SEGREST, Walter M., Jr. , Pfc EKSTROM, Arne V., Pfc LEMKE, Gerald A., Pfc SEVERS, Kenneth L., 2nd Lt ELLIOTT, Leonard D., Pfc LEVINSON, Paul B., Cpl SHADER, William J. Jr., Pfc EMMOT, Valley V., Pfc LEZEN, Andrew, Pfc SIEMER, Harold A., Pfc ENGLAND, Verban S., T/5 LINDSEY, Sammie F., Pfc SIMPSON, Joseph P., Pfc ESCHETE, Lucius J., Pfc LINTON, Reginald R., Pfc SMITH, Calvin E., Pfc ' ' EVANS~ Robert L., S/Sgt LOGAN, Elihue F., Pfc SNYDER, Charles E., Pfc FAULKNER, Robert D., Sgt LONGMAN, William M., Pfc SOTEROPOULOS, George, Sgt FITCH, Pearceon M., Pfc LUCAS, Joseph K., Pfc SPEAKMAN, Ernest J., Pfc GARDENER, Richard W., Pfc LUSNIA, Louis F., Pfc STACY, Ern:iile, Pfc GELMAN, Harry, Pvt LYONS, Frank M . , Pfc STEELE, Richard W., Jr . , Pvt GOVER, Walter L., Pfc MAHIEU, Robert L., Pfc STUCKEY, Fred L . , Jr . , Pfc GRABEK, Benjamin V., Sgt MALIN, Wayne J., Pfc SUGGS, Toy E., Sgt GRAY, James R., Pfc MARKOVITCH, Anthony, 1st Lt TAYLOR, Jonn S., Pfc GRIMES, William L., Pfc MAPLES, Artis E., Pfc THOMAS, Daniel T., Pfc GULINO, Angelo, Pfc MARTIN, Lonnie E., Pfc THOMAS, Ralpb L., Pfc GUNDERSON, Clarence M., Pfc MILLER, Roy S., 2nd Lt THOMPSON, Kenneth C., T/Sgt HAAHR, Louis J., 1st Lt HAMPTON, Bays C., Pfc MIX, John E . , Pfc TORRES, Arthur L., Pfc HAND , Luke G., S/Sgt MORGAN, Herbert W., T/Sgt TRUJILLO, Josepli R., Pfc HANKINS, Louis A., Pfc MORROW, Ben E . . Pfc VANARTSDy\LEN, Clifford C., HARDEMAN, Luke, Pfc MUIR, Robert A., Pfc T/Sgt HARR, Harry R., Cpl MURPHY, Joshua E., Jr., Pfc VAN SCOY, Richard E., Pfc HAUCK, Robert A . , Pfc McDOWELL, Chambliss P., Pfc VINSON, John C . , S/Sgt HAWKINS, Leonard L . , Cpl McHENRY, Dennis E . , Sgt WAGAR, Eugene P . , Pfc HAYES, Norman S., Pvt WALLACE, Leo C., Pfc HENRY, Thomas E . , Pfc NAGLE, Maurice A., Pvt HERTZBERG, John F . , Pvt NEIDERER, Edward . P . , Pfc WEEKS, Horace W., Cpl HIGH, Frank L., S/Sgt NOLEN, Alvin M., Pfc WEST, Charles F., Pfc HILL, Alfred B., Jr., T/5 O'DONNELL, Albert E., Cpl WHITAKER, Herbert, Pfc HILL, Junour, Sgt OGLETREE, Sim E., T/5 WIGGER, J. D., Pfc HODGE, James H., Sgt OWENS, William T., Sgt WILBANKS, Grady, Pfc HOLMES, John R., 1st Lt PAGE, Richard J., Sgt WILCOX, William H . , Pvt . HOOD, Oliver W., S/Sgt PALLAZO , Clement J., Pfc WILKINSON, Julius H., S/Sgt HOW ARD, Drexel E., Pvt PEARCE, Leon M., Pfc . WILLIAMS, Claude R., Pfc HUMMER, Fred S . , Pfc PERKINS, Albert H., Sgt WORDEN, Bernard M . , Pfc HUNTER, Verne S., Pfc PERSONS, Hubert W., Pfc YATES, Allison R., Cpl HURST, Daniel F., Jr., Pfc PHILBRICK, Arthur L., Pvt YATES, 0. B., Pfc JACKSON, Delbert, Pfc PHILLIPS, Clay H., Pfc YOUNG, John L., Sgt JACKSON, Raymond E. , Pfc PHILLIPS , Stanley V., Pfc YOUNG, Ralph W., Pvt JACOBS, Harry, 1st Lt POOLE, Warner M., Pfc ZUKER, Michael A., S/Sgt MISSING IN ACTION CAUSEY, Bennie D . , Jr., Pfc 5

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FLORIDA REGIMENTS --. WORLD WAR II 106th Quartermasters -------------------124th Infantry 116th Field Artll lery 106th Engineers --------------,, ._,,~ . . , .. . . . ~. :: .. . . . •' .. . :.\(~: ~l~ .:-_,_ , . .. .,,~ . 265th Coast Artillery

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Chapter Sixteen FLORIDA'S NATIONAL AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR By the late 1930s, the world had begun to tear itself apart for the second time this century. In 1937, the Japanese had launched a campaign of conquest and slaughter in northern and central China. They were also casting covetous glances at European colonies in Southeast Asia and, by implication, the American posi tion in the Philippines. Even more importantly for American interests was the initiation of yet another Ger.man war of conquest in Europe. Under its maniacal dictator, Adolph Hitler, by the fall of 1939, Germany had occupied Austria and C~echc;,slovakia and brutally conquered Poland. Europe was at war. Officially, the war began in September of 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The war was of im mense interest to Americans, but they saw absolutely no reason for military concern at that time. This was seen as just another of the periodic internecine wars among the old nations of Europe. While Americans generally favored the Allied cause, it was not enough to entice them into the conflict. Besides, the failure of peace fol lowing the First World War had cured America of its naive optimism concerning the efficacy of armed inter vention in the affairs of other nations. In 1939, America had very strict neutrality laws designed to keep it from becoming inadvertently entangled in any war. However, with wars already raging in both Europe and Asia, there was potential danger to the security of the United States. As a general rule, the United S~ates rarely provided adequate support for a large standing a:my or navy in times of peace. This had been espe cially true during the Depression years of the 1930s. Therefore, in late 1939, President Roosevelt and the Congress worked together to make substantial sums of money available to procure military and naval hard ware-just in case. Enough money was authorized to have some of it trickle down to individual state National Guards to enable them to purchase needed equipment and arms . All of this was done at a rather leisurely, but not quite peacetime, pace. Then came the climactic events of the spring and summer of 1940. The German war machine unleashed a massive and devastating Blitzkrieg, or Lightning War, against Western Europe. Beginning in April and con tinuing through the summer, German armies crushed and occupied in sequence, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France. By July, Great Britain and her em pire stood alone facing a hostile and greedy German empire that controlled all of Europe, with Italy, Hun gary, Romania, and Bulgaria as allies, Spain a favored neutral, and Russia a signatory to a mutual non-aggres sion pact. It was obvious to all, spectators and partici pants alike, Germany wasn't through yet; already its Army, Navy and Air Force were preparing for an inva sion of Great Britain. This was a catastrophic situation which America could ignore only at its own peril. Congress authorized vast increases in military and naval appropriations. In September of 1940, Congress also approved the first ever peacetime Selective Service, or Draft, Act. Presi dent Roosevelt, having declared a National State of Emergency, federalized the National Guards of the sev eral states. The first Guard units were inducted into ac tive service in September and the remainder were activated by March of 1941. Initi_ally, Guard units were

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FLORIDA'S ARMY mobilized for one year's sen-ice. Later e\'ents caused that term to be extended and. evenruallv. comerced to "duration of the war." :.lost of Florida's :'\ational Guard was officiaih called to national sen-ice on the 25th of :'\ovember. 1940. The last Florida formation. the 265th Coast . ..\nillen-, was federalized on the 6th of January, 1941. . ..\fter Florida s :'\ational Guard had been federal ized. the state was left without any troops to meet do mestic emergencies. \\'ith commendable. and unusual. speed the state legislature authorized the establishment of a Florida Defense Force. a Home Guard. This was to be recruited. trained. and equipped for sen-ice as an armed force co meet state emergencies. The State's . .\d jutant Generai. Brigadier General Vivian Collins. was aooointed its commander and the force was adminis tered from his headquarters office at the State .-\rsenal in St. . .\ugusrine. . ..\lthou[!n. in the besinning, prohibited D\' law from 12.Jth Inja11try . ..\.rea, Camp Blanding, 19.JI. expending money on the new Home Guards of the var ious states. the federal government was able to direct the militar\' to provide surplus weapons and equipment. In Florida. state appropriations allowed for the p~rchase of uniforms and other equipment. staffing the neces sary supplemental administration. and providing lim ited funds to pay Florida Defense Force volunteers for terms of active state duty. ~o pay was a\'aiiabie for drill or training encampments. This was to be ::i true \'Oiun teer citizen militia in its purest form. Cnder the provisions of the Florida Defense . ..\ct of 1941. a tr::iining program was established to enable the Defense Force to adequately "supplement ci\il law en forcement :rnthority in the maintenance of law and order. and to assure internal security to the state." Dur ing most of l!Hl. recruiting and training of the Defense Force \1as satisfactor\'. een though all projected u~jec tives ,rere not met. Ho,1ever. when the Selective Senice 163

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FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD \\'AR Law was extended. Yolumeers came forward in much larger numbers. America was closer tp war. closer than am-one knew. The initial one-vcar term of federal ser \'i~e for the regular Florida National Guard was e~; tended. indefiniteiy as it turned out. There was an obYious need for a weil established Florida Defense Force for a longer period of time than had been anticipated. .-\nd then there was Pearl Harbor .. -\merica orga nized for total war. So did Florida .. -\ state Defense Council was established. chaired by the governor. through " hich Yarious commiuees and directories pianned and coordinated Florida's war effort .. -\nd it \\as a total effort. The Defense Council was responsible for ,inually every phase of Florida"s economic and so]()6th Engiuccrs a111l 106th .\fniical arm. Cam/1 Blandiug. 19-11. cial life. It controlled everything from rationing to man power registration. public information, agriculture. labor, natural resources. sahage of useable materials, construction, road use. and all public health. fire. and police services. Also, a Ci\ilian Defense and Civilian SerYice Corps were established. Any public service a,ailable came under one or another of these corps. The Civilian Defense Corps was not a military formation. .-\ctually, it was far more close!~ similiar to the Civil Defense organization of the post-war nuclear age. The Defense Corps was concerned primarily with action ser Yice: police. fire, air ,aid warning, and enforcing the biack-out and dim-out regulations along Florida s seaboard. The Florida Defense Force. renamed the Florida

PAGE 44

FLORIDA'S .-\.RMY 116th Fieid ,-1.rtillery urea, Camp Blanding, 1941. State Guard in 1942 to amid confusion wich the Civilian Defense Force, assumed the function and status of the National Guard within the state. It occupied and cared for the state's National Guard armories and engaged in continual training programs to better prepare for state active duty. It certainly wasn't easy. In addition to no pay for drill or training encampments, the State Guard suf fered from an enormous turnover in personnel. statis tically calculated as 100 percent per year. Volunteers were constantly moving to other cities or states to pursue wartime job opportunities and, as happened even more frequently, volunteering or being drafted into . the regular armed forces. The State Guard had to make do with two-hour weekly training sessions. Although there were enough uniforms. helmets, and gas masks to go around. weap ons became a problem when the federal government took back the relacivelv modern rifles it had issued in 1941 and replaced them with shotguns. This was nec essary due to the high materiel losses of the .-\.llied nations during 1941 and 1942. Modern weapons would be issued Florida's State Guardsmen towards the end of the war . In spite of its many problems, the Florida State Guard was able to maintain at all times during the war and for a year afterwards an average strength of just over 2.000 officers and men. equipped for dun . In ex cess of 11.000 individuals served with the Scace Guard during the years 1940--1:6 . They were officiall~called to actiYe state active duty se\"en times during and imme165

PAGE 45

FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR ~ ~':-' ' . ' . . ... 4 . .. . . . . -'. :_-_ :. / : " ::. -~ . 'ft ,. .. ll ... . ~..._ r .,-.. .. -~1-•'--:J ...... •f"'\.- •' I'": I ll I . , .. . \.~ j ,//,/,, . . " J. l. 106th Qartermasters undergo training in gas warfare, 1941. diately after the war to protect prisoners from mobs and to.alleviate the distress and suifering caused by hurri canes. The Florida State Guard was able to perform its many official and unofficial tasks with efficiency and considerable skill, due primarily to the intense patriot ism and sense of community service displayed by its members and to the quality of its leadership. Perhaps there was no regular National Guard in wartime Flor ida, but there was a Guard; a true citizens' militia, and it responded to real needs, and did it well. But it was the regular federalized Florida National Guard that would face the ultimate rigor of war. During most of 1941, America was a nation at peace, but hardly peaceful. Under the conditions of the declared National Emergency, the Army and Navy began training, equip ping, and expanding to the war strength it was hoped would never be used. This extra year of grace before America was forced into the war was to prove crucial to the success of its ul timate mobilization for total war on a global scale. Flor ida's Guard, as part of the 31st Division, had been federalized in November of 1940. On the 25th of that month, all Florida Guardsmen, with the exception of the 265th Coast Artillery as previously noted, were or dered to report to their armories for physicals and to be formally inducted into the service of the United States . As in the First World War, they took the . federal oath as individuals rather than as members of specific units. Eventually, this would result in the dispersal of Florida's soldiers into many different units as had occurred in the previous World War. In 1940, the 31st, or Dixie Division, was composed of National Guard units from the Deep South states of Florida , Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. In De cember of 1940, all the composite units of the Division began converging on the Division's new home, Camp Blanding, a newly established base near the town of Starke in northcentral Florida. Since its land was lower than the water level of a nearby lake, the camp was a huge swampy sponge. Its dreadful and unfinished con dition eventually became the subject of a congressional investigation, but the continually arriving soldiers

PAGE 46

FLORIDA'S ARMY itl~:; ~: "'"'~ ~ ~,,~~i .. . .. _ _ _.;. . -~ ._ ... . : , ' , . . ,l}i;j[f i4~iff~);\ : ~'.;,. ,.,.,_-The company s treet of the 106th Me d ical Bn ., 31st Division n e ar Borio, Oro Bay , New Guinea . 17 May 1944 needed a home and , led b y the Division's engineers, they put in a drainage system and completed construc tion of the necessary buildings in just a few hectic weeks. The 31st Division of 1940-41 had never worked to gether as a complete unit. In fact , it hadn't functioned as a division since the end of the First World War. Be ginning on the 2nd of Januar y , 1941, with Camp Bland ing at least habitable, serious training began. In early February more than 7,000 recruits, or draftees under the Selective Service System , from the Division's home states arrived to fill out units to w ar strength . From April to July, units of the Division equipped and trained, first at platoon level, then company and on through battalion, regiment, brigade and, finally, as a full di v ision. Now they were ready to join even larger armies. The largest peacetime army maneuvers in Ameri can history were held in Louisiana and Texas during July and August of 1941. The 31st Division established an enviable record for aggressiveness and organiza tional efficiency. There were additional maneuvers, on a smaller scale, in the Carolinas during October and No vember. As the Carolina maneuvers came to an end. and already notified that their one-year term of active duty had been extended , the men of the 31st Division looked forward to a Thanksgiving or Christmas furlough. This was not to be, certainly not for the 50 percent of each unit's men who _ expected holiday . leave. Pearl Harbor

PAGE 47

FLORIDA GCARD AND ST..\TE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD \\'AR Pl'rimelcr defmse of Company M. 12-lth Infantry Regiment. 31st Division, al Aitape. Dutch New Guinea. 29 July 1944 was attacked on the ith of December. 1941, and within a few days. America was at war with Japan, Germany, Italy. and their various allies. Because of the unfounded but widespread popular fear of German or Japanese imasion of the United States in the early months of the war. detachments of the 31st Division were scattered in coastal defenses from \,Vilmington. North Carolina. to Key West in Florida. By late spring, the Division was ordered to reassemble, minus Florida's 124th Infantry Regiment. The Regi ment's extraordinar)' proficiency, as demonstrated in the maneuvers of 1941. caused the Armv to detail it as a demonstration regiment at Fort Benning in Georgia. In late 1943, the Regiment was disbanded and only through the political efforts of Florida's Congressmen would it be reconstituted and returned to the 31st Di vision as it prepared for the active war in the South Pacific. During the remainder of 1942 and nearly all of 1943, the 31st Division trained and retrained its units as drafts of individual soldiers were pulled from it, sent to other formations, officer candidate school, the Army Air Corps, or other army speciality schools. It was shifted from Florida to Camp Bowie in Texas, then to Camp Shelby in Mississippi. Despite the fact that, at any given time, a large percentage of the men in the Di\'i sion were raw recruits sent to it for training, the Divi sion continually achieved the highest possible efficiency

PAGE 48

FLORIDA'S ,\R:',IY -l~t:1~f fr . .-,-,r_, /;:-~ i~. .c;r' , J , --~..... .. .. _ .. . ' ;!;) _1,,.. ': •A; ;,,.;#~ , .,,.,J. ~,,.:-, .. ---1--, .. ~;,,:;,..._., .,.,,,,;, --~ :,~-~ x---~~~ri~;;•_~~ ~.. '~f~d~t Sf:f~~'ih, J:;,~ . ./ __ -~ ;v": :' •; ,._ ~t!/.J/ ----.,:..,\.t,.,~...:_~ ~,...-ii,;.,.,.\: . ~..,,, }{d ,.. ~9li . --:• ... . _'f."> . . ~.!f:.. . ..;.\.:_.;:,-..~ .-;.,_ .. '_ .. _.:. -~ -~ ... .. -.~ :.-{.. __ ,~~!' -=~\'-".:;,,,~=='-7 ,...,--~~~":-J.... . -~~..:~=~--~ ;,..--:~t:,;). r'' -i:~ ~-/-.--?~'}~ ~.-:r . ,_ . ~::-~~{ ;, . . -~;,:i(ii2!1'~.Sio!:': ,.....,dtl"'!!>r".. .., ..... ;o;--~. ...~~ ~_;._ _:--~~-:~; ~, -~-:a,. -.r-4\ -1.~~.:::.r:~~-:::"'.~~ .......... ,....__ _ . --r=..: ~,,. j; .. _._ ... _~-~ :i ,:-_._ --...____ -,.__.. ~-.. , ;t :.Y --~,:.;_~ _ , 1 ~~..: . 1 . ,,._ ,,,. .,.;,--~,11.;;a;,J' _ _n~__ , .::....... 1.:-~, r ;;.l:Z~ ~-= , ~-;::: -~ ---~ -~:: ,: J: -~. --~~~;~-~_\;~-~ . '•"''?'' "'-....... _., -~ _,..~~-.,. , .. Heavy machine gun crew set up quickly on the beach near :iitape. Personnel are of Headquarters Company, 12-lth Infantry Regiment, 31st Division. 1 .-lug. 19-1-1 169

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FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR Map of the Aitape, New Guinea, campaign. and readiness ratings from Army inspectors. On three separate occasions the Division was adjudged fully ready for overseas commitment. The first two occasions resulted in large drafts of trained men being pulled from the Division and being assigned to other forma tions. It wasn't until December, 1943, that the 31st fi nally received orders for overseas movement for commitment to the combat role for which it had trained for so very long. The orders sent units of the Division to ports of em barkation in Virginia and, during January and February of 1944, they boarded ships for what most thought would be the war in Europe. Instead, the ships turned south and then west, heading for the Panama Canal and the Southwest Pacific. It was to become part of General Douglas MacArthur's Army, presently scheduled to fin ish the conquest of New Guinea and to liberate the Phil ippine Islands. By early April, 1944, the 31st Division, now including Florida's 124th Infantry Regiment once more, was established at Oro Bay, British New Guinea, preparing for its imminent commitment to combat against the Japanese. The 31st Division of 1944 was not quite the same as the 31st Division of 1940. Huge drafts of men had been pulled from the Division between 1940 and 1944. In that period, the Division trained 36,000 enlisted sol diers. Its authorized, and rarely achieved strength, was only 13,500. Surprisingly, there were considerable num bers of Florida Guardsmen with the various units of the Division: The 116th Field Artillery, reorganized as the 116th and 149th Field Artillery Battalions, the 106th Quartermasters, 106th Combat Engineers, 106th Med ical; all, in part, composed of former Florida Guard units, were still well stocked with the Florida officers and men of 1940. Even the long-missing and only re cently revived 124th Infantry Regiment had a surpris. . 170

PAGE 50

FLORIDA'S ARMY .,i , :, :--,. ; ~ .: : r ~'t-, IJ ; . . . ,~ , : . . . . , . '.\ ~ :: : : ~::~'~ ,? ( :~:_-,~<~: :~:: M1:mbers_ of th e Command Post Battalio11 of Headquarters Compan_v, 2d Battalion , 124th Infantry R e giment , 31st Division, near Aitap e, New Guznea, send orders to forward patrol over an SCR-300 . I Aug . 1944 ing number of Florida Guardsmen still serving with the unit. At almost the same time the 31st was moving to the South Pacific, Florida's other, non-divisional National Guard unit, the 265th Coast Artillery, was reaching its war station . The 265th had been federalized injanu?ry of 1941. Initially, it trained in Galveston , Texas. Then it was reorganized as the 277th, 278th and 279th Battal ions of Coastal Artillery. As with other Guard units, man y, perhaps most of its Florida men had been pulled from the regiment's composite units and sent else where . After service in Texas, California, Florida ; and Washington state, the three battalions were sent to Alaska to man the coastal defenses of Kodiak, Amchitka, and Adak Islands in the Aleutians. Ther-e they were dis banded in late 1944 and the men transferred to other formations throughout the Army. The first combat assignment for the 31st Division fell to a Regimental Combat Team centered on the 124th Regiment and elements of the 149th Field Artillery and the 106th Quartermasters , Medics, and Combat Engi neers. All these units contained Florida Guardsmen, and all had contained Florida Guard units in 1940. The . Regimental Combat team was committed to action on the 12th of July in the Aitape region of British New Guinea. For nearly a month the team fought the Japanese in the jungle and swamps of tropical New Guinea. The skill, efficiency, and accomplishments of the 3rd Batta!Iii

PAGE 51

FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR Parl of lhe 124th bifanlry Regiment, JI st Division, moves up the beach to the front lines. I Aug. 1944 172

PAGE 52

, ' ' ,'' ' .. ' " . . ~-. FLORIDA'S ARMY S ULU SfA !.A.MSQ._N,,\ " 0 a O MORO GULr 0. 8AS.ILAN 0~ ,,,, 0 WESTERN NEW GUINEA HALMAHERAMINDANAO MIi.ES SDNS.DRAl PALAU IS. fl (\ TALAUA IS. l(ARM
PAGE 53

FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR
PAGE 54

FLORIDA'S ARMY I . ...,!,. : , . : ~ . ,, .. i f. ~ , . -~~~>, :!ff" ~ >-.. ~-"""l'J ). 61'-s : ct ,!" . . ~ ;~ --;)i ~-~ g ~ pl:' _ ' .r;~ -"~:;y_S• ~~ . ~ ~p r , ""• , :It: ., .. l~w ' #~~~, 'll s:iP.-?l.~~i!l!i:.i~ Troop s of ihe 31st Division, I st Platoon. 12-lth Regiment, descend sixty f e et do w n life line to mak e crossing to other side of road. after ,Hutian Bridge on Sayre H_'.ghway was wrecked lrJ retreating Japanese, Mundanoa, Philippines. 30 A.pril 19-15 fering with American activities on the coast and in the major cities. The terrain was jungle, interspersed with cleared agricultural areas. The roads were few and narrow and crossed many defensible ri\'ers. The Division's advance was contested by the Japanese every step of the way in land. During the Battle of the Colgan Woods and the Defense of the Pulangi River, the 2nd Battalion of the 124th earned a Distinguished Unit Citation, the seco'nd for the Regiment. And then. suddenly , it was all over. In August of 1945 two atomic bombs brought the collapsing Japanese Empire to its knees. Japan surrendered and the World War II combat career of the 31st Division was over. The Division spent the next few weeks accepting the surren der of all Japanese troops in central Mindanao. The Di~ vision's combat career had been relatively brief. It hadn't been planned that way. Everyone had known the anticipated imasion of the Japanese home islands would have resulted in incredibly bloody battles, with attend ant casualties, as the Japanese defended their sacred na tional soil. Fortunately for all concerned, including Florida's Guardsmen in the 31st Division, it was a battle rendered unnecessary by the two bombs. . Although brief, the record of the Division was a good one. In addition to the Battle Honors or Distin guished Unit Citations awarded the 2nd and 3rd Bat talions of the 124th Regiment, the 106th Combat Engineers and the Medical Detachment of the 124th In fantry each received citations. Several other former Florida Guard formations recei\'ed Meritorious Service Awards. The Division had lost 400 men killed in action or died of wounds, another 1400 had been wounded. but survived. The men of the Division had earned a basketful of medals. With combat duty at an end. the Division packed up and sailed for San Francisco. By Christmas, 1945, it had been deactivated and its men were on their way home. 175

PAGE 55

FLORIDA GUARD AND STATE GUARD THE SECOND WORLD WAR Map of the Mindanao, Philippine Islands: campaign.

PAGE 56

FLORIDA'S ARMY Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, CG, U.S. Eighth Army, and his party, inspect dead Japanese found near the perimeter of the 124th Inf., 31st Div., following a dawn attack by the Japanese. This sortie cost the enemy 72 men. Near Maramg Strip # 1, Central Mindanao, Philippines. 15 May 1945 177

PAGE 57

illtti , ~ : . , . . :-; -~ ~ -. it \ .a ~:\~:;\\ ;. fl , lll. ,~, Divisian Shoulder Patch, 31st (Dixie) Infantry Division.

PAGE 58

Chapter Seventeen FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD For most of the 20th century, the major point of conten tion between the National Guard and the Regular mili tary establishment has been the problem of unit integrity when under conditions of national mobiliza tion for war. The Guard has argued in favor of keeping units which have trained together in peacetime, to gether in time of war. Spokesmen for the Guard argue a military unit composed of friends and neighbors will perform better and have higher morale than one com posedof strangers. When federal mobilization affects only a few units, or when it is to expand the military only to the limits of its combined Regular, Reserve and National Guard strengths, the problem doesn't arise. Traditionally, when federal mobilization is of a limited nature for a specific, limited purpose, Guard and Reserve units are brought up to authorized strength with new recruits and unit integrity maintained. But what options are available when the nation's military establishment must expand to ten or twenty times its normal combined strength? At the end of 1941, America was involved in a gigan tic world war. It needed to create an army and air corps containing more than ten million men and women. To maintain Guard unit integrity would have resulted in the quick deployment of a few divisions and air groups composed of Regulars and Guardsmen along with a huge mass of untrained and inexperienced men strug gling to learn their deadly trade under wartime conditions. In 1942, the Regular military made a good deci sion. It used the available Regulars and National Guardsmen to form cadres of experienced personnel for all military formations. This meant loss of identity and integrity for many state Guard formations, but it also meant transfer and. often. promotion for Guards men. In the long run. this early decision led to a better army and air corps with which to fight a global war to a successful conclusion. Due to the 1973 fire at the Military Personnel Rec ords Center in St. Louis, Missouri, and a lack of ade quate research staff in federal agencies, it isn't possible to discover what happened to all of Florida's Guards men after Pearl Harbor. Even the Guard's own records are vague; most personnel files only state that the indi vidual served in the war in Europe or the Far East. To learn what happened co Florida's individual Guards men it is necessary to know what units they served with in combat. Fortunately, most of the records pertaining to fatal war casualties are available from the army's Mortuary Affairs and Casualty Support Division. Also, various divisional histories contain casualty and deco rations lists which can be of assistance to the researcher. An examination of those records can give an indication of what happened, where, and with what units the Flor ida Guardsmen of 1940 served. In 1940, as in 1917, the Florida Guard was assigned to the 31st (Dixie) Division. Many Florida Guardsmen, especially those with artillery, quartermaster, and med ical units, remained with the Division and served with it in the New Guinea and Philippine campaigns. Others, especially engineers, helped construct the Akan High way, the road linking the continental American states with the Territory of Alaska. The 265th Coast Artillery, 183

PAGE 59

FLORIDA'S ARMY . -inny .~ir Curp., B-17's on a missio11 over German_i. (Many Florida Guard11ne11 served in B-17 squad~om during the war.) after service on the east coast. in Te~as. and Washington State. was sent to defend the harbors and bases in the Aieutian Islands. Iviost of the Fioricia men who had been mobiiized with the 265th in 1941 had been transferred out before the regiment, by 1943 designated the 277th, 278th and 279th Battalions of Coast Artillery, moved to the frigid north. At ieast half. probabiy cioser to two thirds, of all Florida Guardsmen served in units not as sociated with the pre-war Florida Guard. A large number of Florida Guardsmen were sent to other National Guard divisions. Probably the largest number of men sent to a single National Guard division wem to the 30th (Old Hickory) Division from Tennessee and l'\onh Carolina. Termed the "Workhorse Division of the Western Front" by the Americans and_ "Eisenhow er's SS" by the Germans. the 30th saw considerable com bat beginning in the hedgerows of Normandy and ending on the Elbe River in central Germany. Small groups of Florida Guardsmen were sent to the 27th, 34th, 35th, 42nd and 45th National Guard Divisions. For most of them their war was in Italy and southern France. A similarly small group of Florida Guardsmen, especially those former enlisted men who received commissions, served with National Army Divisions including the 78th, 79th, 86th, 94th, and 103rd. They, too, fought their war in Europe. An extraordinarily large number of Florida Guardsmen, perhaps even equal in numbers to those

PAGE 60

FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD . ,:t:r :t ! : :] . . ;1 lll il' . .. Anny Air Curps and assorted divisional patches representing some of tk units in which Florida's Guardsmen serv_ed during the Second World War. 185

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FLORIDA'S ARMY : \:..;;,~ _ _ . . -,,__,~ . . ""~ ' ~•~I 1 ~ ~ . .1 ... ~ -. Amzy Air Corps B-24s on a mission in the Mediterranean Theater. (A number of Florida Guardsmen seroed their wa, in B-24 squadrom.)

PAGE 62

FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD --~ . ~ ,, . ., ..:, .... _ _ . ;:_._ '-'I . ~ ;'.' . ...... . American soldiers in lta(v: (Many Florida Guardsmen serv e d in the 3rd and 34th Divisions during the Italian Campaign . ) sent to the 30th Division, volunteered for service in the airborne infantry and artillery. Most of Florida's air borne volunteers served in the 82nd Airborne Divis . ion. Others fought their war with the 11th, 17th, and 101st Airborne Divisions. Those in the 11th campaigned in the Solomon Islands and in the Philippines, the others in Italy, France, Holland, and Germany. As has been suggested, the Regular Army divisions of World War II were Regular in name only. Large num bers of Florida Guardsmen served their combat tours with the Regulars, most with the 3rd Division (Audie Murphy ' s outfit). Others were assigned to the 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 8th Divisions . All of these Regular divisions fought in the European Theater of Operations. The chance to fight the war in the air appealed to many Florida Guardsmen. During the Second World War, the Air Corps was part of the Army. It was an age when the air war was still considered exciting, even ro mantic. Too, the increased social status, higher pay, and the Air Corps policy ofrapid promotion attracted many volunteers. A few individual Florida Guard formations, especially the 265th Coast Artillery, provided large numbers of volunteers for the Air Corps. The air war may have appeared romantic to some, but it was a deadly business. Some former Florida Guardsmen became pilots and navigators while others became gunners in heavy or medium bombers attack ing enemy positions as far apart as Germany and the lSi

PAGE 63

FLORIDA'S ARMY Philippine Islands. A number of them were killed in training. Others died helping fight their aircraft to stra tegic bombing targets. In the ground war, Florida Guardsmen died in Sic ily and in the fighting in the rugged mountains of cen tral Italy. Eleven were killed or died of wounds in the Anzio Beachhead, most while serving with the 3rd Di vision. The assault on Normandy a,nd the campaign in the hedgerow country which followed cost the lives of at least 24 former Florida Guardsmen. One was killed trying to clear mines from Omaha Beach on D-Day, while another died during the airborne assault behind those same beaches. Most of the remaining casualties were incurred in the bitter fighting around St. Lo. Soldiers of tM 30th Infantry Division, France, August, 1944. There, the 30th Division was part of an American force fighting the German II Parachute Corps and the Panzer Lehr Division for control of that vital road center and geographical gateway to the rest of France. During the final year of the war, every major battle or campaign in Europe or Asia claimed the life of one or more of the former Florida Guardsmen. They died in the airborne assaults on Belgium, Holland, Germany, in the "Bulge," and in the final battles within Germany it self. More than a dozen were killed helping liberate the Philippine Islands, including one Guardsman serving as a Marine aboard an American battleship. Of the nearly 4,000 Florida Guardsmen mobilized for federal service between November 1940 and January

PAGE 64

FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD " . ..._ St-.. . . "t" .... # _ .. . . ~ : . ' . . . -~:~ : :/ --~ . ".: "'';'; ~; , : '. . .... _, . . ,,. .fii t,J : •. '-:'i' }. ~. .. . . ""'"'-"'' ' ' : ::c :~.Lbl' ' c f?: . Mrn of the 30th Infantry Division, Normand)', France,july, 1944. (A very largr number of Florida Guardsmen were assigned to the 30th Division.)

PAGE 65

?LORIDA'S AR.MY ,1mencan soldiers with their Gmnan captives, 30th Infantry Division , France, 1944. 1941. 158 were known to have died during the war. A much larger number were wounded but survived. Al though the Florida National Guard received official bat tle honors only for the campaigns of the 31st Division in New Guinea and the Philippines, individual Florida Guardsmen earned unofficial battle honors for their state in every theater of war, every campaign, and vir tually every major battle on land and in the air. It is an impressive record.

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FLORIDA GUARDSMEN AT WAR AROUND THE WORLD T/11! 30th Dirision crosses into Ct'Tmany, winter. 1945.