Citation
Civil War diaries

Material Information

Title:
Civil War diaries Robert Watson and Samuel Lowry
Series Title:
Special archives publication
Creator:
Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Place of Publication:
St. Augustine Fla
Publisher:
State Arsenal, St. Francis Barracks
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 v. (unnumbered) : ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
At head of title: Florida Department of Military Affairs.
General Note:
Cover title.
Funding:
The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Florida National Guard
Holding Location:
Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier:
001753823 ( ALEPH )
26706886 ( OCLC )
AJG6809 ( NOTIS )

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

00000 ( .txt )

00001 ( .txt )

00002 ( .txt )

00003 ( .txt )

00004 ( .txt )

00005 ( .txt )

00006 ( .txt )

00007 ( .txt )

00008 ( .txt )

00009 ( .txt )

00010 ( .txt )

00011 ( .txt )

00012 ( .txt )

00013 ( .txt )

00014 ( .txt )

00015 ( .txt )

00016 ( .txt )

00017 ( .txt )

00018 ( .txt )

00019 ( .txt )

00020 ( .txt )

00021 ( .txt )

00022 ( .txt )

00023 ( .txt )

00024 ( .txt )

00025 ( .txt )

00026 ( .txt )

00027 ( .txt )

00028 ( .txt )

00029 ( .txt )

00030 ( .txt )

00031 ( .txt )

00032 ( .txt )

00033 ( .txt )

00034 ( .txt )

00035 ( .txt )

00036 ( .txt )

00037 ( .txt )

00038 ( .txt )

00039 ( .txt )

00040 ( .txt )

00041 ( .txt )

00042 ( .txt )

00043 ( .txt )

00044 ( .txt )

00045 ( .txt )

00046 ( .txt )

00047 ( .txt )

00048 ( .txt )

00049 ( .txt )

00050 ( .txt )

00051 ( .txt )

00052 ( .txt )

00053 ( .txt )

00054 ( .txt )

00055 ( .txt )

00056 ( .txt )

00057 ( .txt )

00058 ( .txt )

00059 ( .txt )

00060 ( .txt )

00061 ( .txt )

00062 ( .txt )

00063 ( .txt )

00064 ( .txt )

00065 ( .txt )

00066 ( .txt )

00067 ( .txt )

00068 ( .txt )

00069 ( .txt )

00070 ( .txt )

00071 ( .txt )

00072 ( .txt )

00073 ( .txt )

00074 ( .txt )

00075 ( .txt )

00076 ( .txt )

00077 ( .txt )

00078 ( .txt )

00079 ( .txt )

00080 ( .txt )

00081 ( .txt )

00082 ( .txt )

00083 ( .txt )

00084 ( .txt )

00085 ( .txt )

00086 ( .txt )

00087 ( .txt )

00088 ( .txt )

00089 ( .txt )

00090 ( .txt )

00091 ( .txt )

00092 ( .txt )

00093 ( .txt )

00094 ( .txt )

00095 ( .txt )

00096 ( .txt )

00097 ( .txt )

00098 ( .txt )

00099 ( .txt )

00100 ( .txt )

00101 ( .txt )

00102 ( .txt )

00103 ( .txt )

00104 ( .txt )

00105 ( .txt )

00106 ( .txt )

00107 ( .txt )

00108 ( .txt )

00109 ( .txt )

00110 ( .txt )

00111 ( .txt )

00112 ( .txt )

00113 ( .txt )

00114 ( .txt )

00115 ( .txt )

00116 ( .txt )

00117 ( .txt )

00118 ( .txt )

00119 ( .txt )

00120 ( .txt )

00121 ( .txt )

00122 ( .txt )

00123 ( .txt )

00124 ( .txt )

00125 ( .txt )

00126 ( .txt )

00127 ( .txt )

00128 ( .txt )

00129 ( .txt )

00130 ( .txt )

00131 ( .txt )

00132 ( .txt )

00133 ( .txt )

00134 ( .txt )

00135 ( .txt )

00136 ( .txt )

00137 ( .txt )

00138 ( .txt )

00139 ( .txt )

00140 ( .txt )

00141 ( .txt )

00142 ( .txt )

00143 ( .txt )

00144 ( .txt )

00145 ( .txt )

00146 ( .txt )

00147 ( .txt )

00148 ( .txt )

00149 ( .txt )

00150 ( .txt )

00151 ( .txt )

00152 ( .txt )

00153 ( .txt )

00154 ( .txt )

00155 ( .txt )

00156 ( .txt )

00157 ( .txt )

00158 ( .txt )

00159 ( .txt )

00160 ( .txt )

00161 ( .txt )

00162 ( .txt )

00163 ( .txt )

00164 ( .txt )

00165 ( .txt )

00166 ( .txt )

00167 ( .txt )

00168 ( .txt )

00169 ( .txt )

00170 ( .txt )

00171 ( .txt )

00172 ( .txt )

00173 ( .txt )

00174 ( .txt )

00175 ( .txt )

00176 ( .txt )

UF00047653 ( .pdf )

UF00047653_pdf ( .txt )


Full Text



Digitized with the permission of the
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS

FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD





SOURCE DOCUMENT ADVISORY

Digital images were created from printed source
documents that, in many cases, were photocopies of
original materials held elsewhere. The quality of
these copies was often poor. Digital images reflect
the poor quality of the source documents.

Where possible images have been manipulated to
make them as readable as possible. In many cases
such manipulation was not possible. Where
available, the originals photocopied for publication
have been digitized and have been added,
separately, to this collection.

Searchable text generated from the digital images,
subsequently, is also poor. The researcher is
advised not to rely solely upon text-search in this
collection.



RIGHTS & RESTRICTIONS

Items collected here were originally published by the
Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL
ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida
National Guard for additional information.

The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to
content originating with the Guard.



DIGITIZATION

Titles from the SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series
were digitized by the University of Florida in
recognition of those serving in Florida's National
Guard, many of whom have given their lives in
defense of the State and the Nation.








FLORIDA



DEPARTMENT OF



MILITARY AFFAIRS














Special Archives Publication
Number

132
CIVIL WAR DIARIES
ROBERT WATSON
AND SAMUEL LOWRY


State Arsenal
St. Francis Barracks
St. Augustine, Florida









STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL




POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE
32085-1008






These Special Archives Publications are produced as a service to Florida communities,
historians and any other individuals, historical or geneaological societies and both national
and state governmental agencies which find the information contained therein of use or
value. They are automatically distributed to all official Florida State archival records
depositories.

At present, only a very limited number of copies of these publications are produced.
They are provided to certain state and national historical record depositories and other
public libraries and historical societies at no charge. Any copies remaining are given to
other interested parties on a first come, first served basis.

Information about the series is available from the Historical Services Division, Depart-
ment of Military Affairs, State Arsenal, PO Box 1008, St. Augustine, Florida 32085.



Robert Hawk
Director









FLORIDA STATE DBPOSITORIES


State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are
available to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary
loan, subject to each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries
that are obligated to give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be
directed to the nearest depository.

Bay Vista Campus Library (1982) *State Library of Florida (1968)
Documents Department Documents Section
Florida International University R. A. Gray Building
North Miami, Florida 33181 Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0250

Brevard County Library System (1968) Stetson University (1968)
308 Forrest Avenue Dupont-Ball Library
Cocoa, Florida 32922-7781 Deland, Florida 32720-3769

Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968)
100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North
Jacksonville, Florida 32211
*Central Florida Regional Lib. System (1972)
15 Southeast Osceola Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County (1968)
Ocala, Florida 32671 Public Library System
900 North Ashley Street
*Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602
Library
P. O. Box 3092 *University of Central Florida (1968)
Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library
Post Office Box 25000
*Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666
Documents Section
Tamiami Campus Library Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968)
Miami, Florida 33199 Documents Department
Gainesville, Florida 32611
*Florida State University Library (1968)
Documents Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968)
Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications
P.O. Box 248214
*Jacksonville Public Libraries (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124
122 North Ocean Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202-3374 *University of North Florida Library
Documents Division (1971)
Lee County Library System (1991) Post Office Box 17605
2025 Lee Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Ft. Myers, Florida 33901-3989
*University of South Florida (1968)
*Miami-Dade Public Library System (1968) Library Special Collections
101 West Flagler Street 4204 Fowler Avenue
Miami, Florida 33130-1523 Tampa, Florida 33620

Northwest Regional Library System (1968) University of West Florida (1968)
25 West Government Street Documents John Pace Library
Panama City, Florida 32402 Pensacola, Florida 32514- 5750

Orange County Library District (1968) Volusia County Library Center (1990)
101 East Central Boulevard City Island
Orlando, Florida 32801 Daytona Beach, Florida 32114

St. Petersburg Public Library (1968) West Palm Beach Public Library (1968)
3748 Ninth Avenue, North 100 Clematis
St. Petersburg, Florida 33713 West Palm Beach, Florida 33401





404V .: *roil.no ..i Let i: Xicr;^ c 0 'cbar4^ *a o

I.*: Cfc;AT R iY


Oopiod from ori:tr-i loai'ed by Irs. C;aro1ina Elizaboth\ ( n4
0.atson) Hittrick (4046ba)

reproduced by
FLORIDA STATE ARCHIVES
Key t'est eptombor 27th 1861 DEPARTMENT OF STATE
R. A. GRAY BUILDING
6wing to the political affairs of the country and T see, Florida 3230O

federall troops having possession of this plnac., and a it is rather

unsafe for a southern man to live hore, I have determined to love

in disgust, conse:uontly I left today in the schooner Lady Bannorman

for the ahTan:a Tslands, in company ith Canflold,Sawyor, Lone and

sevor'a' others. The schoonor hon o;\ bc:'rd 5. pasong:ers in all, the

r:ost -f which are *-omren and children.

S;und:.y 2. Arrived at De.y Hondfa t 9 oeu3cc. AM!\, all hands

bright,.'. atyer, Alfred Lowo Cr fi. :t.nd

other;. :-.t on shore catch crnas whilo I stayod on board -akE:ng love

to .izs L,, -Got under way about 2 o'clock PI and .r.rive-' at ;nji.hts

Key a-.v C. o'clock 7., and ca:e to achor.

:londay 29 Got under way S o'clock ALI and arrived at

Indian Key at 12 C'clock l:., landed, I 'ind

c;'r!leston Curry fot a lot whisky, all hand took a drink and pro-

co'dcd on our voyage.

30 Head wind and hoovy coa in the Gulf.

Oct 1 H.oad wind .and very rough, all of the fte.le

passengers tsa oick, vary sorry for thoi..

Oct 2 !'ade the Oran:w- ioys ab.ut 3 o'clock ?'J with

a fair i'nd, vns grently ralrmod about 10

o'clocK to h,;.r the confusion on dock, carried away- the. ib and for-

Oati. also tho foray crosstree.

t.3 : Laid to off 3Sandy iey and got a lot of conchs







and as my appetite was very koun I ate many

conchs, stor:od conch,friod conch and roaSt conch .an tapered off on

.rum. 'as taken very sick in the night with the cholera morbus.

Oct 3 Arrived at Green Turtle Key about 10 o'clock

PU, went on shore got something to eat and

drink, care- on board in high spirits owing no doubt to the strength

of 'r. Kichael Harris's brandy.

Oct 4 rent on shore and was taken very sick with the

Oct 5 cholera morbus, thought I would die, but re-

covered today, feeling very wdaM.

Oct 6 Started toduy at 12 o'clock i for Harbor Is-

land, stopped at Groat Harbor 8 o'clock PU

and landed several passengers.

Oct 7 Went on chore this morningg to have a look at

G. Harbor and came to the conclusion that it

was a miserable hole and went on board about 12 o'clock .' and pro-

Oct 8 coeded on our voyage for Harbor Islond at

which place we arrived at on Thursday.

Oct. 1S Went on shore e:nd stayed until Saturday the

14th when I started with :r. Canfield for

Nassau in an old sloop ,uith a no:zro capt. and crow. Arrived in

1assau on Sunday the 15th. S.toped at Spanish rells on our passage

down and saw several of my Key T:est acquaintances. I forgot to men-

tion that I left my brother George,Alfred Lowe and :-.r. Sawyer at

!Harbor Island. Took board at the American house at $1.00 per day

Oct 15 and stayed hero for oight days waiting for a

chance to got to the main land of Florida,

also to meet Sewyer and Lowe, they promised to be here in a few days

Oct 23 after we left, but after waiting for oight






dcys wo pot tired of 'a:sau and i.'..iz, iLh.'tt cur .oc:'itL iifre t. ting

low w''. oViigaed' to .ork 'our p:.ssa.e:a i, an old lo:-ky schuonor bound for

Jacksonville, "'la. SLartod this :fornilrn for Jorman's ,und for a load

,of salt.

Oct 24 Calm all day and one ma:. sick.

Oct 25 Calms and hei;d wind all day.

Oct 26 Li;ht -?inds arn one moro man sick, both with

fever, l14;vingonly the captain and one m.te,

Canfiold an.! myself to work the vessel.

Oct 28 Arrivod at the :ond this day at 2 o'clock PFI,

came to anchor,furled sails and cleared decks.

Oct 29 Got up early this morning and put up bulkheads

for stowing the salt and commenced taking:: the

salt at 8 o'clock, worked until after dark, ate supper and turned in.

Oct 30 The captain *wa:; taken down oith the fevor this

morning but we managed to got loaded by n.liht.

Oct 31 Got under way this morning bound to N2issau to

ship two more men.

Nov 1 Arrived today at 3 o'clock a.n and found that

my brother had left Harbor Island tho day before

also that Sawyer, Lowe and Marcus had loft for Key 'est on the 21st of

Oct. Canfiold and myself shi-:pod two men for tho Capt. who did not go

ashore. Called on my several acquaintances in Nassau, took my tools

on board ;-.nd then went on shoro to h, ve a little s,roe.

Nov 2 Got undur way -it 8 o'clock !A and started for

Jacksonville, 'la. and as I did not -'rite in Cmy

journal during the voya-c, I shall state the procseodin:s in as fea-

wor-s as possible, it is as follows: two ;:ie in a -,atch, one :would

sLoor two hour and the other puntp every hal; hour, and than rali-,,ve





the one :t the ':hoel rn, lt hi;: pu:;:: for t-o hours, .very iitl~i

squall our sails would split .ad ro,~es give vay and thon all h:;nds

would be bur;y for three or four hours at a ti.6e. Our food consisted

of rice and salt pork very poorly cooked at that. At last the joyful

cry of "land ho" was sung out froi; the mast hoa'.d and w: ca:c.e up to

the St. Johns bar on :'ednosday.

Nov 12 Saw a steamboat coming down the river and all

hands wore joking about the blockade, but we

soon cihngod our tune for on looking to leeward wo saw a large steam-

ship corning for us with all steam on, then we saw that our only hope

was to run her through tho breakers whichh was done and I really thought

the old schooner was goin~; to pieces. 'Thilo she was thumping the

steramor w;:s.firing at us but luckily her shoz: fell short, the near-

est one fell about 250 yards atarer of us. The str. knocked off her

false keel and then went over into dilp vnwator loa'-ing very bad. Came

to anchor at L';ayport at 5 o'clock and was very much surprised to see

Channcy L. Hatch stop on board, he was very much surprised to meet us

and very much pleased at the samo time. He belongs to Shuto's l battery

NIov 13 Called on !Hatch at his c.uirters and found him in

very comfortable quarters and his mnss r:L-tos :re

very fine younr mein. Took dinnjrr wi th him r:.nd .~ont back to the schooner,

got undir way and procoode on our way up the river.

Nov 15 M.ado fast at Capt. Miller's wharf r t one o'clock

today. Jacksonville. "'ent on shore and took

board with irs. Donaldson at $5.00 pir week, took my clothes and tools

to her house.

i"ov 20 Started in the cars for Lake City today i.nd on

stopping atnaldwin, one of the station; s on Lhe

-4-




ro.'d, I .was very cl,,d t m :ost .:r. rulru.~i. .and :altujr a ..Ley.

.'hoy ;.re on .t-.ir w.:y to 'all.Ah.sooe via Lako C .y on ith si.:'. cars

with mo. When wo got t') Lako Ci0y -,ea loe.rnid thut c:alt. Costo -jas

at Tallahas.;Go anid Lr. :ulrennan porsu-.dcAd rn to ?,o up th.ro a:.d

seo hi:- as woll an the 63 Koy '".'esL s.acksmen th.t ware prisoners at

that place. So I went with them next dny Nov 21st and arrived at

12 o'clock I'. Took board at the .City Notel at 2.00 per day and then

went up to the Court House to see my Key 7West friends. They were

very much astonished to see me for they all thought that I wrs in

the .-ihamas. I stayed in this place four days passing all of my time

with the boys at the Court Jouse. Capt. Sosto told me not to on-

gage myself to any person or company as he expected to have charge

of a steamer in the Confederato service and that he would give. mo a

good situation on board of her.

Nov 25 Capt. Cost and myself left for Lake City

today where we arrived at 2 o'clock P'1,

stayed with him at his cousin's house, i,!r. 'Washington Ives.

Nov 26 Left for Jacksonville at 2 o'clock in com-

pany with the Key West boys as far as Baldwin
at which place we separated, they for Cedar Keys and I and Capt.

Coste for. Jacksonville where we arrived at 7 o'clock PE.

Nov 27 Saw a stoa;mor coming in to the wharf and Canfield

and myself went down to hear the news and
judog of our surprise to see Mr. Sawyer, Harcus (?) (Olivevus) and

Alfred Lowa step on shore for we thought that they wore in Key ';est

for we were told in Nassau that they had gone back to that place.


5 -









They hpd been landed at Cape Florida nnd walked ?.nd boated it from

there to Entorpriso and there took a stoamner for Jacksonville where

I met then.

Nov..28 Lowe, ~Marcus and I went to St. Johns bar on

a visit to Hatch,.

Nov 29 stayed there with him until Sunday when we

hired a couple of men to pull us up to Jack-

sonville.

Dec 1 e started from Ilayport Hills at 3 o'clock PMi

and arrived at 9 o'clock Pr, wont on shore

took a good stiff horn of brandy and went to bed.

Dec 2 Capt. Costa still in Jacksonville but leaves

tomorrow for Tallahassee via Lake City. Wants

us to remain hero until we hear from him for he wants us to go with

him in a steamboat that he expects to have charge of. Cnnfield shipped

in the schr Olive Branch at 950.C0 per month to run the blockade

between this place and Nassau, N.P.

Dec 7 ,7e remained in this place until Saturday the

7th without anything worthy of note when a

.:r. K.B.Smith sent for me in the evening.- I called on him and he

told me that Mr. 1ulrennan had sent him to try and ship ,m together

with Olivevus Barcus, Alfred Lowe and ;m. Sawyer in the Coast Guard

of which he Ir. Smith was master's mate. Mulronnan 1st. Lt. Alter

maloney 2nd Lt. Wagos for privates 20.00 per month. I told him

that I would consult the rest of the party and give him an answer in


6 -









the morning. T took a drink with hi;, bade him good night and left.

Saw the rest of the party and they agreed to ship.

Dec 8 Called on ir. Smith this morning and told him

that we would ship with him. Ho told me that

we must be ready to go to Cedar Keys next morning and gave me a

certificate to show the conductors of the road and wo would get thru

at half price.

Dec 9 Left this place at 84 o'clock for Cedar Keys,

arrived at Baldwin where we changed cars for

Cedar Keys and after stopping at numerous places we arrived at our

destination at 5 o'clock P2. Maot.Vr. Pulrennan and a lot of the

Key 'lest smacksmen, reported ourselves to Lt. :ulrennan who took us

up to the hotel that he was stopping at. We took supper and slept

with him that night.

Dec 10 Took up my quarters with the smacksman who lived

like fighting cocks.

Dec. 11 Lt. Mulrennan told me that I must'sond for my

tools which I left in Jacksonville so I wrote

to the landlady that I left them with and enclosed 71.00 to pay for

cartage. lade arrangements with the conductors on the road to bring

them through and the freight would be paid on delivery.

Dec 13 Reed a letter from Jacksonville informing me

that my tools wore shipped according to order but they did not come to

hand. Lt, idulrennan took us before Judge Steelo and we were sworn

into the service of the State of "lorida and of the Confederate

states of America. He came to our quarters this evening and told

all hands that whoever was willing to join the Coast Guard must be


7







ready by 12 o'clock noxt day but I am sorry to say that not one of

the party would join, they wished to go to Key West.

Dec 14 Loft Codar Keys in the sloop Ocoola for Clear

Water Harbor at 4 o'clock ?. and arrived at

3 o'clock P? 15th inst. Called on Gus Archer, Dick .ars, John Lowe

and some more ey-:.'eost unfortunates. They were all very glad to

see us and troetod.us like brothers.

Dec 16 walked five miles out in the country to got a

cart to take our baggage to Tampa. Saw the

owner of the cart who promised to take us through next day but that

he would-have to tako our things to his place that night in order to

make an early start in the morning. "ont on board, packed up our baggage

put them in the cart and walked back to his house after bidding our

friends good bye. We slept at his house.

Dec 18 Turned out at.4 o'clock A'., got breakfast and

started for Tampa, a distance of 35 miles,

arrived at Tampa at 5 o'clock ahead of the party, for on the road I

met a Lethodist minister, who, seeing that I was very tired very

kindly took me through in his buggy, the rest of the party arrived

about one hour later. We wont to the house occupied by the rmeombrs

of the Coast Guard and took our quarters with them. Found that Lt.

aloney and twelve men were on a cruise down the bay in the sloop

Cate Dale, they arrived today and we reported oursolvus to him. He

told us that he would send us to Point Panollas in a few.days, that

point being our station for the present. Called on Messrs. Crusoe,

Jandrill, Kemp and other Key Westers who are living in Tampa.


-8-



*- .:;.c* 0








Dec 21 Took our thinCs on board of one of our boats,

a 14 oar boat andstarted at 9 o'clock A. for

point t Panellas where we arrived at 44 o'clock.

Dec 22 Lt. M'aloney and myself left this place :t 3

O'clock PM for Tampa but we had not cone but

a few miles when it fell a dead c;al.m *~nd vw had to pull for Gadson's

Point, a distance of 15 miles. ";hen -o got there we anchored theo boat

and la.id down on the oars andtried to get a nap but it was such an

uncomfortable bed that 'wecould not get any sleep and about an hour 1

lator 11 o'clock P?, alight breeze sprung up and wve got under way

and arrived at 1 O'clock A'.

Dec23 Bagan a clothes chest for my trunk is us4 up.

Dec 24 Launched our second boat and had a jolly tlw:e

of it. "tt Post trquosted Lt. Aaloney to name

her iollio lost which was done. He brought down a lot of whisky and

we launched the boat with Lr. Crusoe and little ollioe Post in her.

When the boat nw in the water ;r. (;rusoe gave us a short but very

appropriate speech after which wo all took a drink, and after supper

went earonading and got gloriously tight on egg nogg.

Doc 25 Took dinner with Kr. Rickards and a splendid

dinner it was. TWe spent a very areeable day

at his house and at night he had none of the best egg nogg I ever

drank.

Dec 27 All hands left today in our boat for our station

where we arrived at 4 o'oclock.kM.

Dec 29 1r. Smith began drilling us today 'or the first

time and the most of the party eont through Lho

facings very well.

-9-







Dec 30 Sunday, washing clothes and making wash tubs

out of whiskey barrels.

Dec 31 The guard at the point reported a boat coming.

up the coast. e manned the boat and went after

her, she proved to be a friend. Tent back and drilled. worked nearly

all day building palmetto shanties. Some of the camp hunting and fish-

ing, oystering, claiming & etc. & etc. Thus ends the old year 1861 and

may the. year 1862 be a more peaceable and happy year to us all and

may the Southern States prosper in all its undertaking, gain its in-

dependence and be a prosperous, hapry and powerful nation, and may

we all return to our happy homes and firosides is my prayer. Amen.

R. ":atson. Point Pinollas station January 1st 1862, Fort Buckley.

New Years day, all hands in good health and spirits, working on the

palmetto shinties, but who can tell where we will be next New Years

day? The day ended as usual, with a drill.

Jan 2 I was on guard on the point all day watching

the blockading bark, got back to camp too lato to drill.


Jan 3 While drilling this afternoon, the guard from the

three miles distant from the camp, reported a

boat coming along the coast, One boat was manned and wont after her.

She proved to be a boat from Cloarwator Harbor, Gus Archer on her.

l!r. Smith fired one shot at her which brought her to, got some soft

soap from them as we were out of soap.

Jan 4 Some of us fishing, others hunting. Drilled

after dinner. A boat was reported coming toward

the bayou where we are stationed. One boat was manned, all armed

with muskets. Mr. Smith fired on shot across her bow. She proved

to be the Cate Dale with Lt. Y:aloney and two recruits on board. No
-'0-







news of importance except an account of a battle at Louisburg, 300

prisoners taken by our troops. .fter supper we all sat around the

ca':p fire playing music, singing, dancing, spinning yarns & otc until

10 o'clock ?P when I went to bed.

Sunday 5 Began my morning devotions by washing ten

pieces of clothes, on guard tonight, everything

quiet all night.

Jan 6 Thirteen of us went to ".aximore place to build

palmetto quarters. Arrived there at 11 o'clock

At nnd commenced work. The mosquitos were very thick in the first

part of the evening and it was very warmn but about 11 o'clock it was

so cold and damp that we could not sleep. Our.beds consisted of a few

palmettos spread on the ground and a blanket spread over them.

Jan 7 -Yorked all day on the quarters, cutting poles,

palmettos, and putting those up. Dug a well

which coved in as soon as it was dug. Got supper, stood guard and

all quiet through the night.

Jan 8 Finished the house today. Cut and put on board

a load of palmettos and pulled up to our camp,

a distance of five miles. Got home safe and finding the boys drill-

ing. Sent my trunk and all of my fine clothes up to 1Lr. Crusoe at

Tampa. .r. Smith and John Bothell started for Tampa at 51 PM, also

..r. Thomas Russell who had been detained by Lt. Maloney, ha had stopped

at the station on his way to Clear,.ater Harbor but as he had no pass

fror; the comdg. officer at Tampa he was; detained as a prisoner and so-nt

to Tampa. No boat or person is allowed to leave Tampa without a pass

-11-








and our comdg. officer has orders to detain all. boats and persons

without said pass.

'Jrn 9 At roll call this morning Lt. 1aloney told us

that the following named persons would be the
crows of the boats, viz: in the Vollie Post, Saml. Ashby, box. Josoph

cole; John Allison; Chas. Chapman; J.3. Collins; Chas. Comb; Alfred

Lowe; -arcus Olioviers; Augustus ;urilac; Chas. -iller: J.W. Talbut;

Willianm lawyer ; Robert Watson; J.D. Sands: Peter Williams; G.W. Smith:

Edward Dorsey: Cook. In the TMary Jane Chas.Berry, Cox; Jule Chabot

Benj. Albury; Thos. Burns; Thos. Butler; Jno. Bethol; Jas. Barnett;

G. W7. Sdward; William Franklin; R. Valley; Saml. organ; ..S .Joysolyn

(sic); Eenj. Swain; G.V. nickards; John Worrison; Chas. Anderson

cook. 'Yont over in the mollie post to marenda's place and cut and t

our14 oars1 Got a lot of mullets vThilo over there and arrived .at

camp at 4 o'clock P?, took dinner, cleaned runs & etc, after supper

played music, sang a few songs, smoked our pipes and turned in for

the night.

Jan 10 Nothing worthy of remark today except that

some of the boys wounded a deer but did not

get it. Shot 1 rattlesnake and brought it to camp. At night caught

a lot of fish. Nothing to eat for supper but mush, all the roet of

the provisions being out for several days.

Jan 11 Very foggy this morning, some of the boys

have gone hunting, others fishing, clamr:iing,

oystering & etc. all.of which came home empty handed except those

who went oystoring. They brought in a fine lot of oysters. Pro-

visions very scarce.

Jan 12 -12-








Jan 12 Mr. .mith ca:e fronm Tampa today bringing us

the news that Lt..ulrennan was promoted to

captain, also that there had been a battle fought at :eaufort and

that our army had defeated the Lincoln ary and run them on board

of their ships. Lt. iaaloney went up to Taipa today in the Cate Dale.

Mr. S. brought us ten days provisions which was very acce;-tablo as

we have had nothing to eat for the last four days but corn mral .nd

whatever we could catch in shape of game or fish, all of which had

to be boiled for the want of grease. Slept about four hours today,

it being Sunday and having been on guard last night, all quiet dur-

ing the night.

Jan 13- Commenced a palmetto house for the officers,

cut the frame and put it up, also the pulm-

otto leaves wero cut and brought to the framee. Some of us were pliy-

ing music, others were playing cards, dancing, slnging,..& etc in the

evening when we were startled by the report of a gun. All hands

rushed for their arms and ammunition. Mr. Smith ordered tho boats

to be manned which was done in a hurry. We pulled out of the bayou

and discovered the Cate Dale ashore on the bank. Lt. ,.alonoy had

fired the gun for assistance. '~e took a line from her and pulled

her off and towed her in to our quarters. Yr. Crusoe came down in

her to pay us a visit, they brought no news of importance. 'oent to

bed at 9 o'clock PL feeling very tired and slooepy for I had worked

hard all day. Sverthing quiet through the night.

Jan 14 workedd all day thatching the house. Nothing

worthy of remark, took place during the day.

In the afternoon we drilled' and ir. S5ith and two man made propara-

tions to go on a cruise to i'ullet Key to have a look at the block-

-13-






ading bark. They started at 7 o'clock 1:~. I was on guard at niht

and felt very unowll owing to a bad cold, No excitemont through the

ni Zht.

Jan 15 Worked all day flooring th- officer's quarters

which was finished by night. No drill today

owing to the absence of Lir. Smith who arrived from !Zullet K~ey at 7

o'clock PH. Hle.- ado no discoories of importance. ;.r. Crusoe killed

a fine deer in the forenoon. No excitement during the night.

Jan 16 crashing and mending clothes, trimming oars and

etc, drilled in the afternoon. `as around from

sound sleep at 2; o'clock AM by the beating of the drum. Turned out

taking my musket, revolver and ammunition and formed in line with the

rent of the men, all of us wondering what .~as up. Lt. 2.aloney called

the roll after which he examined and then informed us that ve could go

to be a:-ain as he had alarmed us for the purpose of seeing how quick

we could be ready for action. I turned in again and had just fell as-

leep when the guard gave the alarm that a boat was coming into the

bayou. We all snatched our arms and oere ready in short order,thon

marched down to the beach. The boat proved to be from the sloop

Cate Dale who was lying outside of tho bayou loaded with provisions

for us. The boats rere mnaned and nont out to her, took her load

and carried it to camp. She left immediately for Tampa.

Jan 17 Mr. Crusoe went with her. 1,hile drilling this

afternoon the man at the lookout reported a

boat coming up along shore. The pllie post's crow were ordered

aray, we went out and overhauled the boat. She proved to be a

14 -









friend sans a ship standing for the blockading bark. Started for the

bayou when wo saw the "ary Jane coming out towards us. Laid on our

oars and waited for her. She also spoke the boat and then started

for the bayou. waitedd until she was opposite-to us and then gave

way both crews doing their best. Our boat struck three or four times

on the bank and one of the bow oars broke but we beat her, it being

tho first race that we have had. It was quite interesting and ex-

citinng. At roll call 2:r. Smith called for volunteers to man the

Mollie Post. Nearly every man in the company volunteered, myself

among the number, but as it was my guard night I was not allowed to

go. The boat was manned and started for Boca Ceiga pass to look

for a boat that was reported laying there. They got back to camp

at 1 o'clock PM not seeing anything of the boat. All quiet through

the night.

Jan 18 Not having anything to do in the forenooh I

slept for about three hours. After dinner went

after and brought in a lot of fire wood. ,ended some of my clothes

all of which were getting rather the worse for wear. At night played

cards and went to bed. No excitement through the night.

Jan 19 Sunday. Inspection of arms at 81 o'clock AM,

my gun was pronounced to be in the best order

in the company. I forgot to mention that we had target shooting

yesterday, a great many of the company did not hit the target and

I hit in the same place, .y gun gave me an awful kick and I really

thought that my jaw bone was broke. Every one of the guns kicked

15 -





badly o'lrif Lo there being too much 'o,;der in the cartridges. The

best shot received for a prize too pounds of tobacco, tho second best

one pound and the third best half pound. I went to the oyster bar

and ate my fill of oystors and brought home onou.h to fry for super.

At 7 o'clock P! volunteers wore calle-l for to mann the .olliie ost to

go to T-oca Ceiga to try and capture a Yankee schooner boat that re-

:ported to be about that place. :"s started at 7 o'clock f", -ith fif-

teen men and Lt. %Valoney in commn.nd. Arrived at M4aximo place at 11

o'clock 11,' took our things on shore and turned in. About 2 o'-clock

AR, we were all aroused from sleep by M!arcus who was on guard.. *lH

rushed into -the shanty and san. out to us to hurry up and Cet our

arms for the Yankees were upon us. "'.e all jumped up, seized ourarmns,

loaded them and rushed out into the open air expecting to see a large

party of the enemy closo at hand, but found that it was a false alarm.

Marcus had seen four of our men coming out of the woods and took them

for the enoey. 7e made and drank so:e coffee, manned the boat and

pulled for Loca Ceiga at which place we stopped at,' at daylight, ient

on shore had a look at the. bark, ate breakfast, smoked our pipes and

was calculating to stay till next day when we saw a boat coming down

the cost hail-id and brought to. She proved to be a friend and in- .*

formed us that.the Yankees had taken Cedar Keys and burnt some of the

place. The boat was manned and we left for camp at pointt i'inellas for

the Lt. said that he expected that we would be wanted in Tampa. ,e ar-

rived at camp at 1 o'clock ?P finding Capt. Uulrennan there. He was

waiting for us to go to Tampa. All of our provisions had already gone,

we got dinner and started for Tampa feeling very tired at which place

we arrived at 8 o'clock ,' all hands completely used up for we had

-16-

( "







pulled for twenty four hours on a steady drag, only taking timo out

to eat. '70 went to our old quarters, got a slight supper and turned

in.

Jan 21 Volunteers were called for to go over to Spanish

Town to build batteries as the enemy was expect-

ed in a short time. Everyone volunteered willingly but all of us that

had been on the last cruise of the ".ollie post wore excused. They

wont over the river and nearly finished one battery, the rest of us

went up to the barracks and took throe small cannon and boated them

over to our batteries or rather those that we were to build. It

rained very hard all night and the house that we ure staying in leaked

badly,

Jan 22 All hands at *-ork on the batteries today. Had

to knock off several times in consequence of

rain but finished.the one that wasbegan yesterday and nearly finished

another. Rained very heavy all night with a plenty of thunder and

lightning but I managed to sleep very sound.

Jan 23 Worked on the batteries all day. In the after-

noon Capt. ?.ulronnan fired two shots at a target

with ono of the six pound guns, mado very good shots. '.ovod over

to Spanish Town today into very comfortable quarters with the exception

of our having to sleep on the floor and fleas very bad. All :quiet

through the night.

Jan 24 Mothing today it being rainy, in the afternoon

we were drilled, several of our men sick but

not seriously. No disturbance through the night.

-3,7-







Jan 24 Nothing today it being rainy, in the after-

Noon we were drilled, several of our men sick

but not seriously. No disturbance through the night.

Jan 25 Nothing worthy of note took place today.

Jan 26 Sunday. After breakfast Mr. Smith took a

guard of eight men over to the Spanish smack-

smen who had refused to work and were suspected of trying to escape

in boats to Key West. They were removed from the house they occupied

to one nearer to us. They were removed by Capt. Sheffield's order,

he being commanding officer in Tampa. A guard is set over them night

and day, and they have to work eight hours every day. About 2 o'clock

P;.we were informed that the crew of the Olive Branch was coming up

the river, the schooner having been taken by the Yankees. I went

down to our battery and waited until they landed but was very sorry

and disappointed to learn that my friend Canfield was taken prisoner

by the d--d black republicans. Five of her crew escaped in a boat

but Canfield would not leave the schr as he thought that there was

no chance of escape in the boat. The five that arrived here took

quarters with us.

Jan 26 Went over to the magazine and got a lot of ammun-

ition for our cannons and muskets, took them to
the boat and carried them over to our side of the river, but just as

we began to land it we were called back by the Ordinance Sergeant

who told us that we could have but half of what we had in the boat.

I went up after Capt. Mulrennan and told him about it. He was very

angry about it and told us to land the whole of it and said that Capt.

Sheffield could take his ammunition and go to the devil with it for

-18-


`.~.:- -. .- :~:: ~: ~.:- '.:: ~: j~~ ~~-~ ; :.~~;',~-~y -~Trl;jr~ Lir s'l







he would have nothing more to do with it. ':o landed it and went

homo to our quarters.

Jan 28 Capt. !.'ulrnnan took Alfred Lowe and myself

over the river to make cartridges. "'o worked

all day and made quite a large number. The sloop Cate Dale cnre up

from P:oint Finollas late in the evening bringing our clothes, for I

forgot to mention that we loft all our clothes there when we came up,

our boats being too small and crowded to bring them with us when we

ca:eo.

Jan 29 worked all day on the cartridges. Two of the

schooner Olive Eranch's crow joined our com-

pany today, the other three Capt. sulreian sent to Cedar Keys in

a boat belonging to us, the boat is to bring arms, ammunition and

provisions for us. Nothing more worthy of note today.

Jan 30 At roll call this morning Mr. Smith informed

us that there would be and election this day

for one 1st., one Znd and one 3rd Lt. and that our com~pany.would

heroaftor be known as the Key 'est Avengers. After roll call there

was great disputing about who should be run for the above named

officers. :early all of the company were in favor of not giving

?.C. aloney a vote for any office as he is not liked by many on

account of his actions towards the company, and also for the follow-

ing expressions that he made at *oint Pinellas. Ho said that we

could not be treated like white men but must be treated like niggers,

he made this remark to 1r. Swith and several of us hoard him but

while the boys were electioneering and writing tickets some one

went over and told Capt. lulrennan about it. He caom over immed-

-19-









lately in a groat passion and told us that he did not care a d--d

who was elected for 1st Lt. for he should npD;.oint '.'alter baloney

over him. '-e all know that it was out of his power to do so and

rr. rmith.would have boon unanimously eloctod for that office, but

he came over and called the -company together and told them that he

had hoard about the fooling of the company and he wished for his

sake that they would not run him for that office as it would make

hard feeling between him and the othor officers should he be eloct-

ed and requ stod that 'all who were in favor of letting thing go on

smoothly and not run him for the office to shoulder.arms. ut not

a gun waw raised. He then begged thon not to persist in running him

and mado quite a nice speech but his feeling overcame towards the

last so that ho could scarcely spoak. He said in his remarks that

he did not want any office on account of pay for he had money enough,

he only desired to be of 3orvice to his suffering country. He

thanked them all for their good opinion and kind foelln.s toward

him and etc.-and wound up by requosting thom again not to run him

as he could not think of accoi-ting the office. The men then to

please him very reluctantly shouldered their arms. He thanked

them and told them to broak ranks. The election was then postponed

until next day at 2 o'clock F;. T was not at camp} at tho titze ?'r.

smithh was thore speaking to the mon as I was over the river making

cartridges, but I was told. all bout it at supper.

Jan 31 I am on guard today, came homo in time for

the election, 30 out of 50 votes wore given

to .'. C. 'aloney for let Lt. 20 of the men did not vote for him but

-20-








as there 'as no opposition ho :'as eloctod. !Lr. S.ith vas olbctd 2.id

Lt. unanaiously. ,mwuel Ashby-.ws sloctod 3rd Lt. Nothing, oro of'

note except that I ras on jruard four hours at night.

:ob 1 Drilled thin norninr, slept about hours in the

foronaoo.as I hd but littlo sloep last night.

Tho followin:- ap-noinLntnss were rmado by Capt. Hulronnan: Chas. Tarry

Tim .ucKley: iobrt 'atsoin and John Aillson for mnstors riatojs ann

Joseph Cole; Jule Chabot; John Bothell and Saml ,or(;ani for coxiralns

I received an invitation from somo ladies in Tampa to call 'over and

zsend the eviining. I accepted thle nvit-Aion and *.'ont over after

upper. 'as introduced to sevorel of the fair sex and passed a very

pleasant ovfning, got back to our quatrtore about 10 o'clock tF1. and

turned in,

sFb 2. Sunday. Inspection of aran by Capt. 2ulronnan.

Our arms pronounced to be in good ordor. I am

on duty today as officer of the day. 30 volu.-ntern wero cA:llod for to

go on an expedition to Manates to look after the Yankoos that ere re-

ported to be in that placo. Our bomts woro launcl;od and put In the

stroarm. '7o are to start tomorrow, I .oS with thom. Nothing moro today.

Feb 3 Groat preparation this morning gettir.n. the

oats roady onii packing our dunnago. Left

Tampa at 2 o'clock P. Capt. L'ulronnan in the Wary Jane. Lt.

Ahy in thoe ollie Post and LL. .aio.ney in the sloop Cata ;ose. I

am in t.oe ;,ollio 'Post and we boat thoe *ary Jane so bad that io h',d

to anchor at Gadson's ?oint and wait for her. ':'hon she came up with'

-21-







us G:pt. lulronnan told us to p,.ocaod to our old .u-rtors :.tt 1oint

,inollas art which place rvo arrived at 9 o'clock P'! which was over an'

hour ahc:ad of those .nry Jane. "o built a firo, ate sorme breand- nd

drunk wutor and was porfoctly natisfied aftor tkeiing a s:;,oke sie

turned in kepping no guard as those ate is laying ft the mouth of the

bayou.

"eb 4 Aftor brcr.kfust this morning -ie fired off our

Ouns and cloned them. All hands had t good

nleep through the day and after an early upper loadod our guns, put

our thinr. In the boats ansr started for :nateo at 7. o'clock P? after

building a 1; srgo fire at the camp. The wind boing very lihit w o had

to tow the Cato Dale -all the way to !unateo, a distance of 14 miles..

Cnmpood three miles bolow thn s,ttlemnr.t in open air with a heavy dew

all n!iht.

ab .5 Started for thn settlotomnt at daylil.ht at which

place en arrivod at 7: o'clock AM. In pass-

ing thy guns out of the Mary Jane ono of tho guns nccidantally went

off, one of tho buckshots went into Tom Uutlor'. foot. It struck one

of his to-s breaking it all to piocss nnd passing up into his foot.

A.11 hands in good health and anxious for fight. Got brosakfast at 12

o'clock PcY. S-nt Tom 2utlor up to Tampa in the Cato t~lo to h.'vo his

wound .rossed for we havo no doctor with us. I walked out to Capt.

*ick- oberts a distance of 14 wilos. iio and family in ,:ood health and

.sprlt. "pont a few hours very agreeably with Lhor and .,ot back to

cam. at 11 o'clock ,2.

Feb 6 After breakfast we went over to tho sucor plant-

ation. I drank a lot of c'noe beer which ;as very

nice but It did not agree with mo. ,After dinner we started for Shaw's

pointt tkln:ri 25 men belonging to Turnors ilorse Compacny with us. o








fixed our 'uartors, rot support, sot the guard tnd turned in, the

mosquitos lnd: fleas in abundanco.

7eb 7 The Cnte Dale arrived this morning bringl;. us

the nown that thore had bean a fight at Cedar

Koys but no particulars as to tho result, also that Tom butler fas

out of dan.er, also that capt. Shoffreld hzd tried to take our cannon

the .diy after wn left but Lt. Smith would not allow hic to do so,

nothing : ore today.

Seb 8 One of our mon ha been mraling since yestor-

day. Aftor.brosukfant I want into the -.oudtn r-ad

cut a mist for our boats bavinag carried ours in coming down to this

place. +nded the evening by sin~ ing. o.-ng, tollitn stories & otc.

The flon ,wore so savage that I could not sluep.

Feb 9 Nothing worthy of oe:-.ark took placo today. I

am on guard tonight and tomorrow. I did not

get a wink of sloep all night on account of the flees. rark and

stormy nll night with lots of rain ?.nd blowing very hard. All of

us in hopes that the blockadinr. barque would go on shore but she

did not.

Feb 10 On tuard today. Continued ratning until 12

o'clock 'V.. Tha eollio ;-ost's crow with Capt.

.:ulronn-an went up to tho nuir plantation and brought us at the catp

a barrel of. cnno beer. They wero all pretty merry owing to the

otrongth of the boor that they had drank in largo *utntitios at

th1 mill. All vont well through the ni.ht.

-23-







Feb 11 The horoo company are till growling .'nid Alssa.t-

isfied, they don't want to stand ju'ird. I

hope they will go atway soon for they aro thn laziest, dirtiest and

lou':let set of men that I ever sw. Cur boit want up tho river aftov

beef but did not got any, it not being roody for uso.

Fob 12 Wont fishing h thin wornIng, caught a few nice

sheophoad. After breakfast the horsm company
!wont away, thank fortune. I think that we will go to Tampa soon, for

the flees are awful.

Feb 13 I wont up to aothor Jose's place this morning

after beef. Started at 3 o'clock Al and ;:ot
thr.o before dviylight. The dinlarnce is six miles. Got 2C7 Iab of

bedf and got back to camp about 8 o'clock,. A'-tor broad fast .as X sat

on my bed smoking rcy pipo and looxtin1 at ll Talburt, hi n ; !tol, a

Colt's revolver, -wnt off. The bal l'rsnEin through'"his hip but luck-

ily only goirn.through the flesh tit.hout striking the bone or chords.

I acted doctor. The throe voluntoors that came rit1l us for a cruise,

viz: John McRay, 'illlnm '-'erris and "om '-oward want up to the Manattoo

hotel to stay until wo are rnady to go to Tampa. I think that they do

this toavoid goln5i on guard for they thought that whon they cr:E~ bhero

they could plvy the gontloemn but Capt. uhlrennnmn akos the.; do tho

s.ao as 'o all have to doa. nrvo to lavo for Tampa tomcrrow niGht,.

so says the cat-t. 1.an on guard to:;.i.ht and nevor shut my oy-:s th'

role n 0lhL. o. account of the cussed fleas.

Fob 14 Got breakfast at 6 o'clock this morning took

all of our things in the Loats and w.nt up to
tho settlement. '!e stopped ct mother Joe's and sho trontod capt.

,ulrennan and myoolf to a glatss of whisky which is the first liquor
-24-
-e6




thl:.t I have tined for t;--o months. Left fOr f.mpa to 4 o 'c1c: ,

we had an exciting r:;ce botwoen t:ihe a-ry J -no n-nd th.o i.oloi ozt,

tho latter having a boat in tow,but tho .:ohlio lost btat her. To

record for 16 miles without alackening-3 uip any. All hands drenched

in por:ipiration, "';e arrived at camp at 12" o'clock All when we all

turned In.

1eb 15 All hands in .good hoealh. Great blowing bettOeen

the two boat'crews, each -prty s-:arinx that

their boat crun bnit tho'othor. Goneral cleaninn: of arms all day.

Nothing more today.

Feb 16 Sunday. After broakfint this morning instead

of inspection of arms Lt. Smith told us thit

ths Cornfodorate S:tates wanted us to join their service for on ypar

or the war. Hle delivered :uite a nice spooch ;hlch had the effect

of gettir.n us all to join. Capt. ;.ulrornnn received a lettor from

my brother George a few days Eao. I .a much duape pointed that I did

not receive aono from him for he knows that .I am hers. He stotos to.t

all the troops on Key Rest ar to be cut down .nd th1:t all the prin-

cihle houses in the place aro to be occupied by thn soldiers. I am

on ,uar. todny tan. tonight. :o excitement through the day or n'lht.

Feb 17 The Capt. told me th.rt hn wxintod -iO tog.Lthar

with l.'r. Ruvsell &i RicKards to build thublus,

bSnches, bunks & etc no that to an can be mnade comfortabbo. "o

aent to the saw mill nnd picked out so;eo lumb.r and order.od more to

be saved. ;Nothin n more worthy of re-ark today.
-25-









Fob 18 Twenityrive mZn tartd t.his orni:i for lianatee

under Lt. S~Ath and Ashby. Thoy took ith thom
twontyfivo of Shoffhldd's company. '7o brov:ht our ltmber across the

rivor in bo.ts and backed it up to our quarters, kicked d out a lot

of tooln and ground and :'ut them ir. order, mado saw horssa & etc.

All reivly to to to work tomorrow. Our company is to be divided In

mnooss of twelve meni In different houses, which wi1l b, much bettor

trhn all hand:' living; togsthor.

Feb 19 Tenr on started for Yayport after a small

schooner belonZing to the state of Florida

with orders to bring her to this place. Worked all day making tables.

I received 40 cents per day extra and am excused from guard or any

other duty.

Feb.20 .orked all day' and in the ovening I rocelved '

an invitation from a young lady to come over

and spend the evening and to bring my flutina. I accepted the in-

vitation and went. Pasdsd a very pleasant evening and got back to

camp at 11 o'clock. While over thoerr I. heard that the enory had

been at Clearwater and takon our boats that had boon left there for

safe koeeing. The people at that :liaco offered no resistance what-

over. Shame on them, for throo or four men could havo killed the

whole party, the enom.y being in a boat and they in a thick wood

within gunshot.

Feb 21 rhilo at roll call this morning one of the

:on that started for Bayport.camo to camp bringing information that

26 -



;'\








the enemy had been at Papy's be.you and that a ;.an named John :hito-

hurst rnd his uife had gone off with them to the blockading b:rrque.

This mrn had lor~ been sus::ected of being on friendly tore-.s with

the enemy, but no proof could be brought aGainst him until now.

T spent the evening with r-. Rickards and family.

Feb 22 Capt, gulronnan and ton men went to the place

lately occupied by '?hitohurst for he is expected

to be back after his things, and if they come there will be a chance

for a fight. There is only eight men loft hore at present and should

the onomy come o would have to take to the woods for safety.

Feb 23 Sunday. Truly this is a cosmopolitan company,

it is composed of Yankoes, Crackers, Conchs,

Engllishmhtn, Spaniards, Germans, Frenchnon, Ttallans, -oles, Irish-

men, Snodos, Chinoeo, Portuguese, irazilians, I Rock Scorpion Crusoe;

but all are good southern men. There are also Scotchran, -olsh:non

and some half Indians, surely this is the greatest mixture of nations

for a small company that I ever hoard of.

Feb 24 There has boon nothing worthy of note since

last date except many rumors of hattloe fought won and loot. Our

company returned to camp. Stayed two days then wont on another

cruise leaving only seven of us in camp. I have bo;en.at work on the

bunks & etc. Up to yesterday whon we got out of lumber and as there

is a report that Tampa is to be evacuated I would not get any more

until Capt. !:ulronnan comes back. Mr. Smith is expected today from

Tallahasson whor ho h as been on business for the company. The

musterinri officer was here and said that he had no orders to muster

us in as a boat company, but as a company of heavy artillery. -e

would mrustor in as such, thorofor Nr. .Smith went to Tallahasseo to

-27 -









one whLt can be done. "o aro willing to enlist for the var fs a

count Guard or in tha navy and Capt. ,ulronnan and ,-r. Smith backs

up in the dutorninantion of not ontor!ng as a foot cor;;pany. They

both say that wo must stick together and if tho 4orst coces we will

fl7ht on our own hook. I am now in moss of twelvo men. :'e pay two

dollars onch a month for servant hire, they cook and wash for uo and

kocp our house in order. At prosen~z Charley Uorry and I are the

only two present, the balance are on a cruise. The Yankeos hayo taken

-ornndina about a wook ago. Just heard by mail that Jacknonville

anid -t. Augustine are in the hnnds of the enemy consequently I

hava lost all of my tools worth $300.00, a serious Loss for me

for I was in hopes that I would save the:. nd e should y life be

spared, to start buninoos aftor the *ar was over.




























** -2S-










Mar 16 Sunday. Recvd information that the enemy had

shelled rnd burnt the dwelling hind out houses

of Mr Abel Varenda. Our Capt. gave us orders to get ready to go to

Manatee tomorrow. We took one six pounder and put it on board of

the sloop Cate Dnle nnd landed the 6ther on-the opposite side of

the river. We are to wait until the mail arrives as 1.t. Smith is

expected in the stage.

Mar 17 After getting everything on board today the

order'to go to Manatee vwrs oountermnndod,
Everything had to be tnken on shore ahdM ki hands ordered t6 start'

immediately for Lfanetoe nnd brine up all of our company stationed

there. No news by the mail and Lt. Smith di, not come or write.

Started from the wharf at 4 o'clock FM and it being ncrrly calm all

night did not get to Shaw's Point until 4 o'clock Ah. on W;e were

near that point we snw three boats pulling with all speed for us.

Gbt our guns ready for action but they proved to be our boats. Got

to the settlement at 8 o'clock.

Mar 18 Went out in the country end called on Mr. Bill

Lowe and family and Capt. Richard Roberts and

family all well. Took dinner with Capt. Roberts and went back to

camp. Started for Tampa at 5 PM. Stopped at Point Pinollas and

Innded Chas. Berry and five men to signalize when the enemy comes

in sight. Stopped at QGdson's Point and landed Joseph Cole and

5 men for the some purpose.

ear 19 Arrived at Tampa at 6 o'clock AM. After break-

fast turned in and had a nap for I had not slept

rny for two nights. In the afternoon was informed thzt 30 volunteers

*** ;-; -4 > o ; i -' ** ** '* ^. ~









wanted to go on a scout at Point Pinollas. The Yarkees had been

at Uirandas place and burnt everything that he had, his clothing

and wife's nieces and children's clothes, and chased him through

the woods, fired twice at him but he escaped unhurt. I returned

to go but it blowed too hard to start.

Mar 20 Blowed and rained all day. No excitement.

Mar 21 Started at 1 o'clock PM in the Gate Dale with

a good breeze. Stopped at Gadson's Point about
sundown end went on shore and got supper with the men stationed

there. After upper it rained and blew pretty hard and continued

squally all night. I got no sleep, having no place to sleep clear

of the wet.

Mar 22 Squalls and heed winds all day.

Mar 23 Very rough, but started for Point Pinellas. The

sloop once very near capsizing several times but
managed to get to our destination at sunset. Camped in the woods and

slept first rate although it rained through the night.

Mar 24' After breakfast we went over to a shcnty about

three miles distant where we are to be stat-
ioned for the present. Dug a lot of sweet potatoes, cooked and ate

supper and turned in.

Mar 25 After breakfast this morning Jerry Weatherford

who had charge of some men on Point Pinellas
came over and informed us thnt W'm. Talbot, John Singloton and John
Baker hbd stolen a boat end ran.away taking their arms and all the

provisions that they had in the camp. I was never more surprised

in my life. Over a dozen of us volunteered immediately to go in

pursuit of then. We repaired a small .boat belonging to Mr. Coons

*i-_._...,^, ...... ~-- --^m '._____- -'. -










end five of us started in the afternoon, the boat leaking very badly.

It is useless to mention all the little incidents that took place as

we went along the coast wading the boat over oyster bars, having no

chance to sleep, out clothes wet all the time, very little to eat & etc.

Mar 27 We stopped at Point a Rassa this day. Stayed

until next morning but could see nothing of the
runaways and our provisions nearly 6ut came to the conclusion that we

had better go back. We therefore started after breakfast and stopped
at Henry Brown's place in the afternoon. He has got a splendid place,

beautiful lemon and orange groves, thousands of lemons rotting on the

ground. He gave us some potatoes, pumpkins and lemons after which we

proceeded homewards, We arrived at our camp at Point Pinollas on

the 2nd of Apl. and found that the boat company wae broken up

Apr 2 and thut we were to be formed into Guerrilla com-

panies. Capt. fulrennan to have charge of one
company and Capt. Smith another, the company tb number thirty four

rank and-file. There were only eight men left at the camp. The rest

of the men had gone to Tampa.

Apr 3 Seven amn came from Tamps today. We ere all td

be at Tampa on the 10th. Capt. M~lr:nnan has gone
to Tallahassee to draw our pay & etc. Wo went hunting but got nothing.

Apr 4 Twelve of us went on a bruise visiting the places-
of the torico that had gone to the blockade. Got
a lot of corn and some salt & a few old chairs & etc at Frank Gerard's

place. At Grinder's place we.killed two hogs end visited two more of

the traitors places. ..

Apr 5 Got back to camp on the 5th all well.

S-3 .








Apr 6 Shot a fine large steer, it wxvs the best beef that

I have seen for some time. Made soup of the head
and its a positive fact that there was sixty gallons of soup made
and drank this day and there is twenty of us. Besides there was about

fifteen pounds of steek end 1~ bushels of potatoes cooked and ate

during the day. Passed the evening at 1r. Coons house, He and wife
end eldest daughter are highly educated and I wonder at their burying
themselves in the pine woods of Florida when they have lived all their
lives in the best of society.

Apr 7 Nothing worthy of remark today.
Apr 8 Saw a schooner going to the blockade.
Apr 9 Took our things over to the bayou and got ready

'to start in the morning.
Apr 10 Started this morning for Tempa with Mrs. Miranda

and son, Iiss Alice Curry and brother on board.
It being calm had to pull all the way. Arrived at 2 o'clock PM.
Heard that Charley. Collins had married Mrs. Black the night before.
In the evening a lot of us vont over to his house and gave him a
serenade with tin pans & oto-he came out with his fiddle and struck

up also. We then stopped the noise and he and Woods played several
very nice tunes together, after which we went to the officers quarters,

took an old follow that belongs to our company named Pratt that was

living with a negro woman that cooked for the officers and rode him..

on a rail down to the wharf and threw him overboard. We then gave him

a lecture, told him what it was done for and that if he was caught
doing the like again that we would give him thirty nine lashes, after

which we aent to our different quarters and turned in.

.. ,3 2 :-










Apr 13 Nothing worthy of remark took place during the last two days

except that I joined Capt. Mulrennan's company. Capt. Smith

wanted me to join his company and offered to make me first masters mate and

quartermaster of his company but I preferred being with Mulronnan. At 11 o'clock

Al the alarm was given that the enemy was in sight and coming up the bay. We all

took our arms and ran down to the ditches all bands anxious for a fight. A large

schooner was coming towards the town and after keeping us waiting for over an hour

came to anchor behind an island two miles from town. Picket guards were sot at all

the different roads leading to this place for we are of opinion that the Yankees have

landed men below us and came in the schooner to draw our attention while they march

up in our roar. A boat was seen coming from her and two of our boats were manned and

wont out to her. She had a flag of truce and demanded the surrender of Tampa, I'ajor

Thomas told them that he would not surrender it. The Yankee officer then gave him

twentyfour hours to take the women and children out of the town as they would attack

the place at the end of that time, Our men gave thres cheers at the prospect of

having a fight which made the men in the Yankee boat look down in the mouth as they

expected to see us all look frightened and ready to surrender. Capt. Smith told us

to take all of our clothing and carry thom up the river as the enemy might come too

strong for us and should we have to retreat it would be impossible to carry anything

with us. A strong picket guard on all day and night. I am at work making cartridges

tonight

Apr 31 No sign of the enemy but there is a bright\ lookout for then.

Apr 15 Election of officers today.. Samue2 Ashby was unanrtously elec-

ted Lt. of Smith's company, Chas. Berry vas elected Lt. protem
in Kulrennan' s company, In the afternoon th. Cate Dale that had started for Old

Tampa in the morning was seen coming back. A little after dark two boats were

manned and we vent after thinking that they may be in distress, and such was the


S33-'












case for on coming up to them they told us that a boat with English flag had chased
them. We both took them in tow and took her up town. When we got back vw were

infor.md that two men had arrived from Manatee stating that they had ran away from

Key West. About one hour later a boat was seen coming up. We went down to our

battery, hailed and brought her to. She proved to be from Key West with four =mn

that ran away from that place. A guard was set over them all night but they were

liberated in the morning.

Apr 16 On guard today and night, no excitement.

Apr 20 Nothing worth of remark from last date except drilling twice a

day. Inspection of arms this morning. I am on guard today and

night.

Apr 21 Recvd letters from Capt. hulronran this morning informing us that

he had accepted the appointment of assistant quartermaster general

with the rank of najor, also that our boat company was mustered out of the service

since the fifth of March and that we wore expected to join a heavy artillery company.

He advises us to form ourselves into the artillery service, if not we will be

pressed into some infantry company. 11 says that if the company insists on his be-

ing their Capt. he will resign his commission and be with us. The company was then

formed into lin= and all that wished to be in the artillery company requested to

stop forward two paces. oNarly all of us stopped forward and I think that in a day

or two they will all join. So informed us also that he had permission to go to Key

West with a flag of truce to get the families of the men in this company to come over

here. I trust that he will go as I can then get some noxs froa home for I have not

received a line from them since I loft.bome.

Apr 2 The company went into election for officers this morning and

the following is the result. R. B. Smith Capt., W. C. Kaloncy

1st Lt., Sal. B. Ashby 2nd.Lt., and Nohn A. Bethel 2nd Lt. At 4 o'clock PM twelve










of us went ovvr in a boat and brought over Major Thomas and his lady. The major

mustered us into the Confederate service after which the company gave -three cheers

for the major. eW then pulled him and his lady up and down the river for which

he thanked us.

Apr 26 Raining all the morning. Drilled in the afternoon.

Apr 27 Sunday. Inspection of arms.

Apr 28 Corenced drilling with tha bayonet on the Zouave drill. I for-

got to mention that the following appointments were made on the

25th, lot Sgt. Chas. H. Berry; 2nd do Robert Watson; 3rd do Joseph Cole; hth do

John Allison; 5th do Jules Chabet lest Corporal Saml. )organ; 2nd do Sa. Sawyer;

3rd do Augustus Kerrilac; Lth do Rogino Phalez.

Apr 29 Drill as usual morning and afternoon. Took several ladies out

in two of our boats and had a race after which M'rs. McKay one of

the ladies that was in ths boat sent us two and a half gallons of wine which vas

very nice.

Apr 30 Drilled and Major Thomas inspected our arms, quarters & etc.

pronounced all to be in good order.
Ysy 1 By the request of several of the company N Cruzce drew up the

following petition: Fort Brooks/ Tampa, Fla. May slt 1862/ To/

The Hon. Stephen ,. Mallory/ Director of the Navy/ Confederate States of America/

Sir/ The under3ainod Marines, Citizens of Key West Fla. would respectfully repre-

sent that they have been in the service of the State of Florida, as Coast Guards

since the month of December last, that lately they have reorganized and are now

rmaeers of Captain Robert B. Smith's Company.7th Regt. Florida Volunteers regularly

mustered into the service of the Confederate States for throe years or the war and

stationed at Tanpa, 1a. .

That they are sincerely anxious to render good and efficient service to

their Oountry and are satisfied that the Army is not the proper place for them,
______ ___ __ ___ ^-^";849~T









that they have been informed that Seamon in the Army can be transferred to tho Navy,

and thorefor make this their application, ani pray to be transforrod to a Gun Boat
or other vessel of war where they may have a chance to moot the enemy and strito for
their Country'o cause/ Very respectfully/ Your obt servts/ Namcs Professions/

(Note: Except as noted in three instances the profession given after each name was
Seaman) Robert Watson, Seaman Carpentor/ Chas. H. Berry/ Joseph E. Cole/ Jules A.
Chabot/ Samuel Morgan/ Jas. Barnett/ A B Lowe/ J. P. Williamson, Seaman Carpenter/

mn. Savyor/ Chas. H. Chaprnan/ John B, Sands/ John Duprey/ Geo. V. Rickards, Seaman

Carpenter/ M. A. Olivier/ J. A. Moss/ Ed-ard Dorey/ Joseph Fagan/ Manl. loretideoca/

Thos. Burns/ Rofino Fales/ W~. D. Curry/ Jacob Weatherford/ Francisco Decs/ W,.

Joseylin/ Jas. Leavitt,

ay 5 *This petition was sent last night and Capt. 3mith is dreadfully
put out at it, he says that we want to break up the co-.pany, but
we assumed him that such was not cur intention but that we wished to enter the rnvy

and would do so if we could got a chance.
Fay 6 Several letters came from Key West this morning but I received

none nor can I learn one word about my mother or brothers. They
must have left Key West or forgotten me, probably it is for the boat.

May 7 I am on guard today and night.
May 8 A soldier in Capt. Magoe's company died yesterday and all of the

military in this place, our company among the nuarbr, went to his
funeral.

ray 9 About 11 o'clock PM we were aroused from sleep by the beating of
the drum, we all hurried up to headquarters vith our arms and
learned that tha enemy had been at Clearwater Harbor and taken several prisoznrs,

and ona man Scott hitoehurst, had gone voluntarily witththem. They said that they

would be back in a few days, consequently twenty of our company went there to meet

_._' -36..' -. '* : .











Thoy started at 1 o'clock AM.

May 10 Sunday, On guard today and night. Major ?.ulren-

nan arrived this morninEg He cooes to sell all

state property and to pay off our company, he is'a wolooom visitor as

we are sadly in need of money.

May 11 I-and all of the company was paid off today, up to

the 5th of March. Prom that date we are to be paid

by the Confederate States*. ulrennan charged us all 5 per cent for pay-

ing us off which has caused a Ereat deal of hard feelings, for to make

the beat of it, it is very mean and shabby of him to exact it from us.

May 12 At 10 o'clock PM just as I was going to bed h6e drum

beat to quarters w e all haotcned with our arms & ete

and learned that twenty of us were to Eo to Clecrwater Harbor. We vol-

unteered cheerfully as there was a prospect of a fight. We started at

12 o'clook with twenty of our company and twentyfour of Gette'e company.

Wo pulled the whole way to Old Tampa, distance of forty mile so

Uay 13 We arrived at 11 o'clock AM all hands tired, sleepy

and out of humor for ow had pulled without a spell from the soldiers

who wore too green and lazy to help us. 11o cooked and ate dinner and

walked over to Clearwater. We arrived there at 3 o'tloo Pl, ate supper.

with our men that eoro stationed there and then walked six miles further

to a placo that was thought the enemy would land ato Bad to wade one

creek and sloop in an old ahanty on a dirty floor full of floas and no

blanket to cover us for we had left then at Old Tampa. Kept guard all

night but nothing happened.

May 14 After an early breakfast we started for the settle-

ment, Lowes Landing, Anona, and on the road we met

__ -*' 7-










a horseman with the intolligonoe that the Yankees were fat Archor's

place (Bill rletcher 1oareo (T.argo) talked to them) and were getting

the sloop Osooola off. We hurried up and when we got to the settle-

ment the Capt. halted us and sent ten men as a scout to see-if the

onemy was there. After waiting two or throe hours, all hands getting

impatient, the order was given by Lt. Henderson to march to the place

that the Yankees were supposed to be ate We had eot about three miles

on the road when awe were net by Capt. Smith on horseback. He informed

us that the enemy had got to Osceola off and wore on their way to Clear-

water, so we turned back in double quick and when woe ot to whore we

started from we saw them ooming, but when they were opposite us they

went about and boat it out of the paos. Wo were all greatly diappoint-

ed for I never saw men so eager for a fight in my life We kopt a

strict guard all nijht but they did not comeo

May 15 At 10 o'clock AM we left for Archerts place under

Lt. Ashby, Capt. Smith having gone to Tampa, Lt.

Henderson and his oommand staying at Cloarwator, We arrived at our

destination and stopped at Bob 'hitehurst's house, one of the Tories.

We found plenty of everything to oat such as groon corn, peas, cabbages,

honey b oto, hogs, cows & oto TWe lived high. Wept a strict guard*

May 16 Guard day and night* Archer, Lowo, Moars and

Anderson moving their things to Clearrater, from

there to be taken to Old Tampa and we are to cary them and their fani-

lies to Tampa for they are afraid to stay on their places as the Yankees

have throatenod to take them pri~onorso 'Two scouts were sent out and

they reported that the enemy had been at a place owned by one of the

Torieo and hid dug potatoes and robbed six bee guams They could not

have loft more than two hours before the scouts Cot there. They found










a letter in the house directed to t!ajor Thomaas The letter contained

two letters for Frank Phillips. Shortly aftor, a horcenan came from

Clearwater with the information that Lt. !Haloney had arrived at that

place and that Mr. Jase MoPay &'son had arrived at Tampa* They wore

sent in a smack with a flag of truce* They havo boon prisoners at

Key Woest for eome time Mrr MoPay stated that three barcs with 00 men

had left the blockade for Clearwator to take that place and our company

that they heard was there, We went up to Clearwater in the afternoon

together with the families of Archer, Lowe and others*

Uay 17 Started for Old Tampa on foot at which place we

arrived at 12 .IT cot into our boats and left for

rTampa at which placo we arrived at 8 P1 and learned that the company

belonging to the 4th rott. wore to leave for Jaokconville the next day

and that we are to move into their quarters

May 10 Tent over and had a look at the quarters and of all

the dirty houses that I ever onw they beat all, hog

pens are cleaner. Concluded to wait till next day to clean them out.

May 19 Cleaned and whitewashed the quarters today and a

nioe job we had.

May 20 *M.oved over today but ow would rather stay on the

other aide of the river

May 25 On guard today and night. All quiet.

?May 24 Peocived a letter from my brother George ctating

that all the family Tas in good health, also that

my. aunt Urs. oKoenzie died

May 26.. 'A flag of truce was cont to the blockade today to

see if they would give up some nogroes that had.


._ __ ._ __, ~ ~-3 0 ** '










ran away from their owners and are on board of the barque. I wrote my

mother by this opportunity*

May 27 I am on guard today and night* gained all day and

night* About 12 o'clock at night the boat from the

blockade arrived, 'They.did not suoceod in.setting the negroea but our

letters will be sent to Key rest by*first opportunity.

.ay 30 I as on the sick list today having taken medicine

last night, in fact I havo not felt voll for soeo

time but could not make up my mind to take medicine until now.

June 10 Our ration of boof was cut down from 1l lb to 1 lb

per day and pork from S/4 Ib to ( Ib which oauced a

deal of hard feeling and dissatisfaction amonr us all, but as it is an

order from the Sooretary of 'ar we have to submit.

June 14 Received orders to eot ready to march for Tonnossee

within ten daye. All of Gette's company got fur-

loughs and left for home ianodiatoly and many of our mon did the came.

I remain in oamp.

Jun 22 The sohr Rosa Lee, formerly the Elize Fick, sailed

for Uavana-today* I and many of our company wrote

lettora and sent then by here

Jun 24 Several of us wont mmaquoruding and had quite a nice

time although it was rather warn*

-Jn 27 Left Tampr today at 9 AU7 The ladies in large num-

bore turned out and saw us off* There was quite a

waiving of'hdkfe and many tcars chod but I an satisfied that none wore

for mo for I have no fonale aoquaintances in the place '. e crossed the

river, Eavo throo cheora and proceeded on our way & stopped at the 15

milo run for the night, ate supper, had some musi .& dancing in spite
...... ".. ........ ... ...-'-,,









of our being tired for the road is soft sand and tircaoma to walk,

Jun 28 Started at 3 All and marohod 21 nilesa To then

stopped for the day, it being about 10 Ai. All

hands in good health and spirits*

Jun 29 Started at 3 AUM arrived at Brookovillo at 8 AM,

the roads were knee deep with water half the way.

pained all nIghte

Jun 0 P.ained all the morning but it held up .at 5 PH when

20 of us started for Archer in two wagons that re

hired for A80*00* The roads are in dreadful state, our wagons bogged

several times and we had to get out and pull them out. Stopped at an

old deserted house, cooked and ate supper and turned in for the night,

the fleas and bed bu~c in abundance W.e are row in Eorsnndo County*

Jul I Started at 'daylight and on the road tried to buy

some eatables but the people wero so mean that

they would not sell or give us a thing. T0 kept on until we arrived

at Hornets bridge across the Withlaoooohoo river We are now in Marion

County. Took supper with Mro Horn and camped for the night

Jul 2 Started at daylight and gone but a short distance

when one. of our wagons rwhcels broke. Cot broak-

fast during which ti=e it rained very heavy, started -again after ro-

pairing the whole Stopped at a small plantation or farm for tho rest

of the day it being about 12 AM, The lady of the place gave us as

much green corn as we wanted, could take no pay as. sho said that we

wero fighting for the country & eoto

Jul 3 Started at 4 AM~, Stopped on the road and bought

.some molonga I suffered greatly of headache and

severe cold. Stopped 20 miles from whoro we started in the morning

nn- c-Sodr for tho da,., -- '











Jul 4 Started at 4 AM and arrived at Archer at 8 AM*

Stayed here all day*

Jul 6 Started in the oars at B AMr Stopped for a few

minutes at Gainosville. The stage from Tampa ar-

rived while wo were there with the news that the Yankees had.attacked

that place and had beon shelling for two days before they left and were

still doing so. Our non were returning the fire. Stopped at taldo 10

minutes. Stopped at Baldwin at 12 1 took the cars for Jacksonville and

started immediately and arrived at 5 PM, The conductor told me that ho

would stop but thirty minutes* I went up to Vras Donaldoon's house, the

lady that I loft my tools with when I entered the servicoo I found the

house deserted and upon inquiry I learned that Mrsa Do and daughters

had Eone off with the Yankees, but that Mr. Fickioson a friend of nine

had the property in charge, it being confiscated. I found him and he

advised mo to take my tools with me for he said that should he go away

which he expected to do shortly that I would lose them as no one lseo

in the plaoe know that they were mine* I hurried and got a oart and

found that Vr, FP had taken great care of them. I took them to the

depot and found that the cars had left but in a short time another

train came in and I wont in it. While on the road I took three drinks

of whisky with the conductor and aa I had ate nothing all day it made

me very icok. I lost my hat while on the road and arrived at Lake City

at 8 PM and found our company there.

Jul'6 Sunday* Called on Capts Coate, he has been very

icok and is still weako Ho is City Marshall at

that places

July 7 Loft my tools with Capt. Coste and took osveral

drinks of brandy cnd ,went en board of the oars just









as they wore starting* I was standing at the door and took out my

pookotbook to -et some money heon I dropped the whole contents out in

the mudo I jumped out and picked it up, $40,00 was the amount* The

oars did not stop so I was loft. I followed the train about 8 mile

In hopec that.thoy would stop, but they did not, so I went back to

Lake City and stayed there until the next day

Jul 8 when I left at 4 PE and stopped at lMadison all night.

Could get.no lodgings so I slept on the platform

of the depot,

S Jul 9 Got breakfast and started for Tallahassee at 7 U AU

and after stopping at numerous places arrivod'at

Tallahassee at 12 Me tent to our tents and found that all hands had

gone uptown to get their bounty $50O00 I hurried up and got there

just in time to receive mine* I took a couple of drinks and a good.

dinner after which I packed my knapsack, wrote a letter and filled my

canteed with brandy at t5600 per bottle. I then went up to the flash

houses and took several of our boya that were drunk and carried them

to the cars. Stopped at Vidway, pitched tents, got supper and turned

in for the night 12 miles from Tallahassee, some of the boys pretty

merry.

Jul 10. Started on foot at 5 AM for Chattahoochoe River,

distance 32 miles Stopped at the town of Quinoy,

ate dinner and 3 of us hired a buggy for 9.*00 and arrived at Chatta-

hooohee ot sunset, took board at an old lady's at $1*50 per day.

There is a fine Arsenal at this place,

Jul.11 Renainod here all day and started up the river

in the steoaer Wam Young at 8 P8 Pun all night.

Jul 12 Passed under the Euphalia bridge at 6 PU. This
.T y .









bridge runs from Georgia into Alabama. Stopped at the wood pile at

8 PI, took in wood and remained there all night.

Jul 15 Arrived at Columbuo, Ga. at 1 PH, went uptown

and got something to drink. Ve then shouldered

our knapsaoks and marched up to the railroad station, pitched tents,

stowed away our things and then vwnt up to the city, took several

drinks, ate supper and passed the evening among the "Ladios", I had

a fine tine*

Jul 16 Reomained here all day enjoying myself. To leave

in the morning. Columbus is the finest city that

I have seen for many a days

Jul 15 Started *in the oars for Chattano6ga at 10 AU

several of tho'boys gloriously drunk. Stopped

at Opelika in time for dinner after which wo proceeded for Vest Point,

Alea* ot an old friend Lewis bright. He is sergeant in a company

on sick furlough having been wounded in one of the late battles, but

is vell now* We drank several bottles of poach brandy together,

Started again and travelled all night* In the morning stopped at

Atlanta, Gao ot breakcfast and started at 10 A!8 passed through

Marriotta and several other small tone and arrived at Chattanooga

Jul 16 at 1 AM, remained in the cars until morning*

Remained hero until 9AMI and then started for our

Regt. at Camp Grayhan at which place we stopped at 4 PM, pitched tents

and cooked and ate for the first time for 20 hours, turned in early

and were all soon in a sound sleep, for we have had but a little

sloop for ..cveral days and nights.

Jul 17 Drew our uniforms which is as coarse as corn

sacks and nearly the same color* Reovd orders

S!,, .









to pack up and be ready to start in one hour* TWe did so, it raining

all the time I got drenohod and after taking our things to the

railroad we remained there until nearly night whon we were ordered to

cook supper and victuals enough for next day# To did so and started

for Chattanooga at.8 P? and arrived there at 2 Alt*

Jul 18 Left this place at 3 PM and arrived at village of

London at 12* This is rather a strong Tory place

having furnished 800 soldiers for the Yankee army from this county and

bhoro are many more in the place yet.

Jul 19 At 9 AM we crossed the bridge and camped.

Jul 20 Nothing worthy of remark today*

Jul 21 I am on picket guard today and night, the Yankees

are all around use

Jul 22 Came off.guard at 9 Al and drilled in the afternoon

for the firot time since vo left Tamp.*

Jul 2S Vont out into.tho country and bought a sheep and

drove it in to camp, a distance four miles* It

was as wild as the d---l.

Jul 24 Visitod my friend Uarous who is in the hospital

-at London* He is very .ll with fever and an

old complaint*

Aug 1 Nothing Itorthy of rom.rk since last date exoept

that I have been and am still sick WFe left for

Knoxville at 4, P! arrived at 7 PM. slept in a oar being to unwell

to march up to our camping grounds

A1. 2 Pool muoh better today but very weakL having ate

nothing yesterday. Walked out to our camping

ground and there passed the remainder of the day, pitching tents & eoto

...............................










SAug 5 A naval officer came here today and had the following persons

transferred from our company to the navy; Chas. H. Berry, Jule

Chabot, Joseph Cole, Sml Mor an, John B. Sands, John Duke, Chas. Collins, Thos Burns,

Chas. Miller and John Allison. They got their discharge and are to leave tomorrow

for the Chattahoochee river to join a gun boat at that place.

SAug 6 The men left here today in good spirits, our PRegt. is to leave

shortly for Cumberland Gap and I expect we will have a fight

there. I an now orderly Sergt. of our company, a thankless office, but I will try

and do my duty.

Aug 12 Nothing worthy of remarks took place until this afternoon when

we received orders to cook throo.days rations which was done

before going to bed.

Aug 13 Struck tents and turned them over to the Quartermaster this morn-

ing, a busy day with all, especially with myself, for I have to

look after nearly everything. We took up our lines of march at 5 PM for Kentucky via

Big Creek Gap. We have no tents in future and have to carry our knapsacks, rifle,

forty rounds of ammunition, haversacks and thrce days provisions and canteens. We

marched until midnight when we halted and turned in, every man in the ~ogt. completely

used up. I was never so tired in my life.

Aug lh All hands turned out at 4 AM feeling very tired and sore, every

bone in my body felt as if broken. Took up our line of march

at 5 AM and halted at 11 AM 1S miles from Clinton and as there was a Regt. of in-

fantry, soeo artillery and cavalry to cross ahead of us Col. Perry told us that we

would remain whore we were until next morning. We remained here until just as.vo

were turning in for the night we were ordered to fall in which was done. We went

dovn to the river and halted. The Col. then gavo orders to draw three days rations

and cook them but Capt. Smith and several other officers refused to do, so as the

men were too tired and could not stand it to march all day and cook all night. We










turned in and before I fell asleep the order was given to cross the river ve did so

and our company just had tisa to get into a large stable when it began to rain very

hard We turned in for the night and the fleas nearly ate us up but it was better

than getting wet.

Aug 2I Turned out at 4 AM and reached until 11 AM when we halted and
ate dinner. Started again at 4 PN and stopped at 7 PM, cooked

and ate some fresh boof and corn coffee and turned in for the night.

Aug 16 Started at $ AM and passed through Jacksborough at 11 AL and

halted at the foot of Big Croek Gap in an apple orchard, drew

three days rations and were ordered to cook them but before one half vas cocked vm

were ordered to start but after putting our cooking utensils in the wagons we Mwre

told that we would not start until 10 PM, but we remained hare all night.

Aug 17 Started at daylight through the gap and of all the rough and

steep roads for wagons and nen to pass through it beat all. To-

wards night I was taken sick vith fevor and a dreadful pain in my breast and sidoo.

I kept on until night when I could go no farther, so X rolled myself up in my

blarno-t and laid dofn by the side of the road all night and in the morning I crawl-

ed along until I reached a house. I-stopped there for two days dTring which time

I. put nothing in my moouth but cold water. I was then put into a wagon loaded with

pots and kettles and -as in it for two days when I came up with the Regt. I was so

weak and sick having eaten. nothing for four days and nights and having a sovere

fever and pain in breast and sides all the tim that I had to be led up to vhbro

my ca.p was. The most of them were asleep, it being about 10 o'clock Pl. Remained

with them n.xt day and night, the Regt. then started for Barborsville, Ky. and I,

- ". rood and Gus Archor and bcLaughlinere .eft together with many more sick men from

the different companies. This place is called Boston, Ky, every person in it are

Lincolnites. We stopped in houses vith only one well man to take care of us.

!icLaughlin died the day we loft and everyone thought I would go next but oweing to

7-'?








the kindness of Wood and Archer I am yet alif for we loft vith but four days ra-

tions for flour, mBal and beef. No doctor and not a drop of medicine. When ve

got well enough to bogin to eat we had nothing to eat but green corn and green pump-

kins and that we had to steal from the citizens. Wo stopped here for 12 days living

on the food I have montioned and I only wonder that it did not kill all of us. On

the 2nd of September a party of 25 or 30 Yankee soldiers came and took us prisoners

and paroled us on the sama day for we were too weak to go with them. On the next day

Wqod, Archor and I together with several of Gett' s company started for Knoxville and

for two days could not got a thing to cat except green apples. On the evening of the

2nd day we care to a house whore our Regt. had loft some flour and we got cano and

baked it. It was the swmtest bread that I ever ate although it was made of but flour

and water, for we wore nearly starved to death.

Sep Wood carried my knapsack all the way for Z vas so weak that I

could hardly walk. When ve arrived at Jacksborough we went to

the Provost Marshall and drew three days rations of flour and bacon, cooked it and

slept there that night and in the morning we started for Clinton and arrived there

two days after. Got a pass from the P.M. and started for Knoxville and arrived

there on the 2nd day.

Sop 8 We vent to the P. Marshall, showed him our paroles and he told

us that we would have to remain here until we wore exchanged

and sent us to the fair ground or the convalescent camp which I think is the most

unjust thing that was evor heard of, for we vero loft like does to die among the

Lincolnites, eery prison in the place being of that sta'p and the Regiimnntal

Officers must have calculated that we should either die or be made prisoners for they

took our arms from us before the Rfgt. left. The least that the P. Marshall could

have done for us after all our troubles would have boon to have sent us to Florida

and allc~wd us to remain there until we were exchanged.
Sop 9 Thi is my birthday and I passed it by going up to the city of
Knoxville and draw-irn s-oe cooking utensils from the Quarter-
master for we can got none at the camps, We carried thrc out to camp and









had to rest every q.uarLor of a mile for.wo vi:re very wouk. nndod

the day by cooking our rationz which concioted of one pint of flour

or meal, ono( tea spoonful of salt anld onu pound of beef which ne

have o boil for 'wo are not allowed any bacon. Our campuo re out

are out two miles from the city which is very billy.

Sap 14 Iroto to th Hion. S.R. .;nllory ronuesting him

to iriform us if it was just for the authoritile
to keep us hpro.. Thoro is over 100 parolod ..on hare.

S.ep 20 'e noro ordTr+,, to fall in which we did, and

an officer took our namss '.nd the Co. nnd o\ogt.
thit we belongZo1 to when wve Poro mustered into sorvoice o nd whoro.

Sep 23 Sitnod the pay roll and expected to be paid

off but after ;aitling for some time ere in-
form d that .-o could not be paid. '7e were alco re.upstod to .ake

out a list of clothing that we 'ntLd to draw, w~ did so but received

none, uo I cannot make out what they Moan by humbugging us in this

manner 1ni I will .here say that Conf.doerato soldiers are trosted like

does ovcrywhere thnt I ha.ve be'n sinco I loft TaZpa. They arnt. not

allowed on half the rations th'it the army regulations call for for

the qu.rtorma-i:tors and othar officers give those just Vhat they like

and pocket the balance and yet tho soldiers Knorwing all this nro

foolish enough to put up with it. Thoy grumrble and growl arton he;m-

oolvs but noevr try to got redrons for thoir wronrns. .a:n are kept

in tho hospitals when the doctors know that they rill novor recover

while in the hospital, yet they will not give them furloughs Lo go

home but koop tho:: here to di,. 7 n:d 8 is the averago of deaths

pU.r day horo'.

-49-







Slp Z0 Noved our tents to a hill about 4 m:.ile from

where we havo boon cnampod. -any of the Fpr-
oled mon hnvo Cone momo lzthout pormniscon and I don't bla.eo tho, for

we dent got enough to eat and no prospect of getting any r;onoy or

clothing or of being exch~ngoid.,

oct 4 pecd an answer from the I!on. S.R. '.allory. He

infortm us that the authorities havo a right
to keep us hare until exchangod, that the exchange of prisoners v'as

thon toln:. on and ended by Baying th!t he hoped we would be exchanged

in a few days and go to our eagt. 'omre of the paroled men have rej-

ceived furloughi but others cannot Eot thom. A Floridian neod not

ask for he will receive none hiblch shows partiality.

Oct 16 Tant to Iajor Gen. Jones, Com.nnder of Knox-

Ville a.i.i presented hiu wih-i tho following pe-

tition: To .-ajor Gse. Saml Jones Co.dr. of I'. Tor sso/lir, tho

undorsl;-ned privates in Co. K, 7th Fla. ioEgt. havin;lr paroled by toh

.. S. forces and have been at cr.;p Diroctlon since tho 3th, of Sept.

exporting to be exchanged, but as such has not taeon plraco and may

not for a few dtys we roospctfully ask for love of abscncer for

four day to visit Atlanta, Ga. to attend to business of importance/

Respoetfully your abdt servts/ P.obert 'Tatonr/ Jas 7ood. Heo .rantoe

the roquest. "o then wnnt to the 7:rovo.t Iarshall ann, got n pass and

wont' back to coamp.to prepare for a start. I put two suits of

clothes on, took my blanket and started for tho depot at 8 I~P as we

oxeoctod the c-arse would leave at 9 P' but when we got there ae

found that they would not leavo bofor 9 AH next day.. So we went


S-50-




r'i~i-_ -`~C~ -;; -~ -*--uil--:: --~rl:~ i'









back to camp and turnedi.n.

Oct 17 Started at daylight on foot for Columbus, Ga. a

distance of over 100 miles. ;e fared first rate on

the road, overy'house that we stopped at and asked for food or lodG-

ings we got treated very kind and they would take no pay. .o sold

our blankets on the road for so wore tired of carrying them. Arrived

at the. soldiers home Columbus.

Oct.22 On fndiing .evoral old acquaintances there we got

supper and a good bed. About one hour after we

arrived a firo broke out closo to the soldiers homo. e wont to it

and found it to be a machine shop.' Afttr come delay it,was extinuishod.

I took a drink, wnet back to the home and turned in.

Oct 24 Want to the transportation office and got transpor-

tation to Chattahoocheo on a steamboat. Stopped at

the gun boat and saw several old acquaintances. We loft Colurubus on

the 25th and arrived at Chattahoochoe on the night of tho 26th.

Suffered very much cold for I was a dock passenger and had no bed. I

8leptbn a hen coop. On our arrival we started for a boarding house

that we know of and took the wrong road'and walked about three miles

bfforo we found our mistake, thon walked back to whore we started

from and found the right road. '.hon we got to the houses it was past

twelve o'clock and everybody asleep. e knocked andcalled for some

tli- before we could awake anyone, but after a while we got a good

warm bed which was very accota.ble for we wore nearly froze.

Oct Z7 Hired a hack and wont to Quincy at .3.00 each,

got dinner at the hotel and hired another hack at

02.00 each and rode to Midway. Got thoro at dark, got supper and

turned in. The weather still very cold.
-51-







Oct 20 Started for Tallahassee after broakfoat on foot,

distance teilvo mAilos, and arrived thore about

3 o'clock, fnindlin, Tr.uYulrennan at the City Hotol. He was gled to

8oe us, took us up to his room and we drank two bottles of whisky

togothor. lH gave me a pair of shoes, socks, drawers and white

shirt, loaned my -140.00 and paid our expenses at the hotel.

Oct 29 Started for Lake City aftor breakfast and arrived

there at throo ?P, called on Capt. Coste, finding him well. ye stayed

until next morning and took the cars for Baldwin.

Oct 30 Got there in timo for dinnor. Saw Hatch at the

toloGraph office, ho has charde of it. ,'o drank

two bottles of whiohy tof;ethor a;nd after dinner started for Gaines-

ville and arrived at dark. Hurried up to whore the Tampa stage was

and tried to got passage in it but it was full so we went to tho hotel

and got supper. Saw doctor Ashford ait table, he looked nice and

appeared to be glad to see us. Ho told us that a wagon was to start

for 3rooksville in the morning so wo went and saw the driver, a noero,

and he agreed to tako us, Wood a.n I for !4.00. -o went back and turned

in.

Oct. 31 Started this morning before breakfast in the wagon

and wont twenty five miles. Stopped at a mill and

put up with the gontleman that owned the mill. I felt very unwell, I

could eat no supper.

Nov 1 Started after breakfast on foot for the wagon had

to taka in a load of corn so we could not wait.

"T walked until about 4 TP and foolinZ very tired stopped at a house

and were invited to stop toll next day, Sunday. We stopped and were

treated first rate.-- ....
-52-







Nov 2 Started after breakfast for Norn's bridge, distance

twolvo miles, and arrived there in timo for dinner.

Stopped there waiting for the ragon to come up, slept there.

14ov 3 The wagon came up. at 10 AA arn we started for

.Brooksville, we aslpt in an old dosert.od house on

account of the rain for it stormed all night.

Nov 4 Arrived at Brooksville at 5 P. and learnt that the

staSe would start for Tampa next day so we waited

for it.

Nov 5 After dinner the Gainsville stage arrived, in wihb

it Edward Curry and Joseph Toodruff, both discharged

from our company. To started in the stage together for Tampa.and after

riding all night over a rough road and in a bad stage we arrived at

Tampa in the morning at 9 A., got breakfast at Col garanda and then

took up my quarters with my friend !.r. Crusoo.

Nov 6 lie has boon very ill and is yet very weak. I forgot

to mention that at the gun boat the boss wanted me

to work in the Navy Yard until I am oxchanogd. I told him that I

would think of it and that my tools were at Lake City, but I am afraid

that it !ill be too cold for om in the winter and in the summer evory-

body thoro has the chills and over.

Nov.24 Gus Archer arrived today having walked all the wey

from Knoxville.- I wont down homo with him, ho loves

six miles front Clearwater Harbor. I stopped with him threo days then

went in a boat to Clearwater nnd stopped throo days with "r. 7m. Komp.

I bought 1000 oranges from him for 515.00 and went down-to Gus Archer

place on Sunday the 30th.

-53-



; ~ :








Dec 1 !tarted this morninh for Tampa in the sloop boat

Votoe having on board 1000 oranges for sale and a

lot of potatoes, salt, soap, syrup .an sugar canos for '-r. Crusoo.

D)ec. At daylight this morning we found that we had

drifted out clean to the blockade. Two boats ware

soon in pursuit of us. Wo polled the boat as fast as we could but the

boats gained on us very fast, we got ashore on the banks several times

and had to jump overboard and shove her over, at length we stopped on

the bank at point t Pinellas. I jumped overboard and waded ashore, but

Gus stopped in the boat thinking that his parole would save him and

the boat but they took him and carried him on board the blockade. I

then walked over to :r. Coons, had to wade several bayous and in

crossing one I got bogged and fell down in the rud which was very

black. '.hon I got out I was an object to look at. ,However I pushed

on and got to 2:r. Coons in timn for tinnor and tried to hire his horse

to taka me to Tampa, but he told me that the horse wms too slow, but

that if I sould stop with him until next day he rould take me over to

'rs. Arnolds, on of traitors wivos and she boing present promised to

take me to Old Tampa in hor cart, so I stopped.

Dec 3 At breakfast table I was takon with chills and

fever. Mrs. Coons gave me soc.e hot pepper toa

,but it did no good and as I was sick all day I had to stay where I

was until noxt day.

Dec 4 Startod in a cart about 10 A, and arrived at Mrs.

Arnolds at 4 2'. Stopped there all night and started in the morning

for Old Tampa. On the road I was attacked with chills and fever and

it being a very.rough road I suffered very much, we stopped at about

S-54-








4 i'P at an old man's house n.%ned Jonsie C'-rlisle. I -,as T:i hopes of

getting him to take mo to T:ampa in his cart but he was not at home,

an old negro wormon vwas there however and she n ide min a comfort-ible

but very dirty bed and as the faver was still on me I:. turned. in

after having paid the woman for bribing me in her cart.

Doc 5 Got up this morning feeling much better but very

weak having eaten nothing yesterday. The old

woman soon had nome port and potatoes ready for me. I ato a little

and wAlked over to Ur. Komps at Clearwator, a distance 5 or 6 miles.

I found him very busy making sugar. I. folt very well all day.

Dec 6 Had the chills and fever very bad all day. Mrs.

Kemp gave me coffee and lim.o juico to break the chill. It

was a horrible dose and maide me very sick.

;ec 7 T am wall today but very ve.k.

Dec 8 .3ick anain today. Took more cof'fe' and lime juice

which broke the chills but fovor hung on all day.

Dec 9 meant over to Old Tampa in a cart as thoro is a boat

to go to Tampa tomorrow. I stopjed at Uncle Joasio

Carlisle until 12 o'clock at night when ir. LDominick called no arnd

had to tade out to the boat gotting wot up to my ;aist.

Doo 11 Arrived at Tampa bout 3 Pi and was so weak and

sick that I could hardly walk up to 0r. Crusoo.

Dec 12 "The military doctor visited me this morning and

gave me medicine. I am very weak for I have not

e-tern anythingg for a week for I have no appetite.

Bec 14 Feel much better now and have a very good appetle

and will ooon be strong again. Rocd several letters

from our company, they suffer very much from the cold weather.
-55- ,-,,








Dec 25 Christmas day nnd I was in bed all day with

chills and fever. I ate nothing and as there is

no liquor in the place of course I drank nothing, I have boon sick

ever since last date and I see no prospect of getting any better for

I am in worse health than nhon I arrived here.

63. Jn 1 Tampa Jnnuary lot 1863.
New Years day and how different from the last.

I was then in excellent health and fine spirits, but now I am in

rrotchod health having been in bad with chills and fever all day. I

am absent from my company a paroled prisoner and sick tcaong strangers

except '.r. Crusoe and family who aro very kind to mo, so of course

my spirits cannot be very choorful.

Jan 16 RPecd a lottor. from Lt. baloney. -H informed me

that I arm exchanged so I went to Dr. Lively the

military surgeon of this post, he oxaminad me and gave me a certif-

Icato for 60 days leave of absence which I sent on to Capt. ?mith.

Times are very hard in this placo now. Corn moal is selling for

"5.00 per bushel, sweet potatoes 1.50 per bushol and seldom to be

bhd nt that price. aot a pound of boof in the market for the cattle

owners will not -sell their cattle to the butcher for any price for

Confe.ierate miony and there is no gold or silver to be had in tho

country. Fresh pork, henn to be had, which is soldos, oslls raadily

for 20 conts a pound head, Hoofs and all, Once in a while a little

rice is brought in from the country .nd sells for 15 conts a pound,

alt $10.00 per bushol, sugar cents per Lb., molasses *1,50 per

IU1. and ovorything else in proportion.
-56-




.S. ...-







Teb 2 A perfect Godsend. Mr. Crusoe went out husanti

and shot a fine deer today. I havo rncvd ;Kany

letters fror tho officers and oembors of our company since I've

been hero, thoy wore all weoll. vith few~ exceptions whon last herd

from. n-. lawyerr died on the 28th. of t-c. 1062 at iKoxville, renn.

lie vas a omembr of the Buzzard Club and is the first member that has

died since the club was organized which was in 1857. 'ulroaiinn,

Cost ancd '!rcus havo run tho blockad- to Havana in two smack~3. They

left here on the 5th of Jany nad I have hoard that they arrived afee

in Rnivanna.

oeb 15 tafrtod oa a cruise in a boat for :'olnt :inellas.

It bcing a ca l;.. nd a head tide we pulled s' fcr

as Gadson --oint where a hoavy s.uall c.l o up blowing aind ralninn vary

hard atnd i;i a few mlnutss were all wvt and as It blow too hard for

the boat to carry sail we vent on shore .below Uadsons Point and

strotchod our tent, killed a coon and roasted .him before the fire

but it vrTa so loan anid trong that we could not eat it, spread our

blankets on thse sand and turned in wot and cold.


Feb 16 Turned out this morning and killed a pig but it

was so loan and tanteless that we could not oat
it. All of our cuns being wot re fired them off and cleaned them,

then put ovrrything in the boat and pulled across the bay to Coffoe

?ot Bayou. 'itched our tent just in time for it coc;;rencoe rainiag

and continued to do so allnight, but we slept very well.

Feb 17 o'nt hunting and got one smnll door. Joe Fagan

shot it juot as hq Was cooing into camp. po

S-57-








caught plenty of fish for thore are millions of'all kinds in the

bayou and they bite well.

Fob 18 After breakfast "'oods and Joe Pagan started onn

foot, it being so rough that they could not pole

or pull the boat they got over board and waded her the whola way,

about 2 miles. '-o shot a fine coon :And filled a :keg of water on the

way. \;hen -we got to our stopping plaoo we pitched our tent just In

tls:e to save ourselves from a ducking and it rained off and on all

day and night and the sand fleas were dreadful.

Fob 19 All hands started out hunting except mydelf for

it looked too rainy for me to venture out so I

stayed at camp and cooked dinner which consisted of stowed coon and

rice. It rained nearly all day and niht and the oand floas and

mosquitos nearly ato us up.

Feb 20 After breakfast wo all went over to the Goon's

distance four miles. Te took dinner with him:

after which woe vnt back to camp and started for Tampa. Tho wind

and tide being against us we had to pull until we got to Gadson's

r-olnt at czhich place we stopped for the night.

'eb 21 Startod early this morning and pulled all the

way up to town Thus ends this cruise and I am

glad it is over for it rained all the time we weor gone, thnrofor

wo had no chAnce to hunt and got nothing but one small deer, a coon

and some fish all of which had to be boiled as we had no grease to

cook with.


-58-









lzar 16 I alavo for tho !.ogt. at 1o C,'clock tod'vy in com-

pany with 12 or 14 men that belorjg to tha 7th

ecgt. Wo go in a Ragon and we will havo to walk ~neriy all the way.

I kno.A that I will not bo abal to walk much for I an very woek and,

I hnve hcd a violent headncho and fever yesterday and lst nght.








































-59-










Watson 40th Caroline Elizabeth Kemp and Robert Watson

HIS CONFEDERATE SSSM WAR DIARY


Tampa, Fla. March 14 1863: Started at 1 PM for Tennessee,
stopped at the 15 mile run at sunset, ate supper and turned in
feeling very tired.

17th: Started early this morning and travelled about 25 miles,
just at sunset we met an old acquaintenance in an ox cart who had
a lot of Spanish rum. He treated us to as much as we could
drink. I drank nearly a pint for I was tired and exhausted
having been sick for the last 7 months. Camped for the night,
very little to eat.

19th: Arrived at Brooksville at 12 M and finding that I couldn't
get a seat in the stage I went on in company with the wagon that
carried our baggage. Stopped at Lake Lindsay all night, got
supper at a house near by.

19th: Stopped at Horns Bridge at 8 PM, got a.good supper and
stopped all night. Slept sound for I was very tired.

20th: After breakfast I started again and arrived at Ocalla at 8
PM raining very hard. I had a chill before I got to the hotel
but after changing my clothes and sitting by the fire a little
while felt better and got supper. I stopped here 4 days trying
to get a passage in the stage but could not, so 4 of us hired a
back for $21.00 and went to Sanderson and got transportation,
remained in Lake City one day and then went to Madisonville and
there took stage for Quitman, Ga. There was 9 inside passengers
and 4 outside. It rained all the way and the stage leaked very
badly so that we on the inside were nearly as bad off as those
outside. Arrived at Quitman at 8 PM got supper at the hotel and
turned in. It rained all night and quite cold.

29th: Remained in Quitman all day and night, raining all the
time, had no chance to see anything of the place.

30th: Started in the cars at 7 AM for Savannah and arrived at
sunset. A soldier met us at the depot and invited us to the Way
Side Home. This is an institution for the benefit of soldiers
travelling on furlough. We accepted the invitation and went with
him. They gave us pretty good fare and it cost us nothing. I
went to the theater after supper, a poor affair but good enough
for the times.

31st: Remained here all day taking a look at the city which is
well fortified. Everything at high prices.


reproduced by
FLORIDA STATE ARCHIVES
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
R. A. GRAY BUILDING
Tallahassec. FL 32399.0250
C..: ...-i










page two

April 1st: Started in the cars for Macon, passed through and
arrived in Atlanta in time to get transportation to Knoxville and
started again but the cars were so crowded that we got off at the
first watering place and remained there all night. Could not get
into a hotel as they were all full so we went into a old log
cabin, built a good fire and turned in.

2nd: At 9 AM we got on the train and arrived at Daulton, changed
cars and started in a freight train for Knoxville, travelled all
night and arrived in Knoxville at daylight.

3rd: Stopped in Knoxville all day with some of our Comp. Who
are on police guard. Capt. S and Lieut. Maloney are here also.

4th: Started for Wataugh Bridge at 11 AM and arrived at 9 PM.
Our company are stationed here guarding the bridge. We remained
here a few days when we were ordered to Strawberry Plains.
Stopped there three or 4 days. Here I was taken very sick.
Went to Loudon, stopped there about 3 weeks when we went to
Knoxville. The surgeon of our regiment examined me and I could
have got a discharge but Capt. Smith was not willing. He says
that I will get better this summer. I fear not for I have
disease of the lungs, so says the doctor. Old Capt. John
Morrison died on the 16th of May 1865 of Pneumonia. We buried
him with military honors. I have attended the funeral although
sick and weak.

June 3rd: My health has improved so much lately that I resumed
my duties today. Williamson who has been acting Orderly Sergt.
during my sickness got very indignant and requested to be put in
ranks. He is 2nd Sergt. and says that if he cant have the office
he has been filling he wants none. Capt S. granted his request
and he is now in ranks. He can scarcely write his own name and
of course is not fit for the office and while he was acting Lt.
Maloney did all the writing, for there is a great deal to do.

18th: We were ordered to pack up and cook 4 days rations which
was done and got all ready for a marsh to Island Ford.

19th: Turned in our tents and sent off all of our bedding and
clothing except one suit and one blanket per man. At 4 PM we
were ordered to march to the city, the enemy being near at hand.
We marched through the city up to Summit Hill opposite the
General Hospital and halted. Two companies were then set to work
digging rifle pits and building breast works of cotton bales for
a battery on the hill. Our company and Co. H were ordered to the
river under Lieut. Maloney to guard the two ferries. Capt. Smith
is on duty in the city. Guards were posted and etc. on the river
bank. At 12 Midnight heavy firing was heard close to the city










page three

and we were ordered to double quick to the battery on Summit
Hill. The firing appeared very close at hand and I was afraid
that we would not get there in time to support the battery. The
night was very dark and the roads very rough and steep. When we
arrived at the Battery we were ordered to the brow of the hill
that commanded the road that led to the railroad and forming the
right wing of the battery. No person was allowed to pass either
way. Our pickets were skirmishing all night but the enemy did
not attack the city during the night.

20th: at 8 1/2 AM the enemy made their appearance on horseback.
They placed their sharpshooters behind a ridge about 800 yards
distant and they threw their bullets around our heads in fine
style but did us no harm. Our battery on Summit Hill opened on
them at 8 1/4 AM and shortly after one of our right opened and
then one on Temperance Hill opened also. Each battery had two
smooth bored 6 pound guns. The Yankees had 2 6 pound rifles guns
and were not slow in returning the fire. Their cavalry advanced
in fine style and were manuevering to take possession of
Temperance Hill but we threw several shells among them, killing
and wounding many of their men and horses. They then retreated
behind the hill and kept up the fight with their artillery and
sharpshooters but our shell fell among them so fast that they
were compelled to retreat, carrying off their dead and wounded.
They did us but little injury, we had only 9 killed and wounded.
Our force consisted of our regiment and the 6th Fla. and a few
citizens and straggling soldiers.

25th: Our company and company H have been on Summit Hill since
the fight, the rest of the Regt. have gone back to camps. It
began to rain yesterday and rained all night and today and as we
have no tents we retired to an old blacksmith shop close by and
remained there until 2 PM today when we were ordered to the Regt.
We marched there through the rain and mud ankle deep.

26th At 3 AM were aroused by the roll of the drum and were
ordered to draw and cook 4 days rations, to clean our guns, and
hold ourselves in readiness to march at a moments warning. At 7
PM we were ordered to fall in and march to the railroad leaving
everything but our blankets. We marched to the depot through mud
ankle deep and very slippery many of the boys slipping down in
the mud. We waited at the depot until 11 PM and saw the 6th Fla.
and 54th Virginia Regts. and 2 companies of our'Regt. off but
as there was not cars enough to take us all we were ordered to
find shelter for our selves for the night and be on hand to start
at 9 AM next morning. Our company went to the old Blacksmith
shop that we had occupied before, a filthy place without a floor,
but better than to sleep out doors in the mud.










page four

27th: Got up this morning fresh and hearty. I went to a hotel
and got breakfast and started in the cars at 10 AM for Tullahoma.
Arrived at London at 12M, stopped a few minutes and started
again. Passed through Athens, Riceville, Charleston, Cleveland
and several more small settlements in Tennessee. Arrived at
Chattanooga at 12 Midnight, and just as we got asleep it began to
rain in torrents, and as the roof of the building was not tinned
we were all wet before we could get shelter. I got in a box car
and remained in it until morning but got no sleep. Some of the
boys lost their bayonets etc.

28th: Left Chattanooga at 7 1/2 AM with one engine in front and
one behind. Some of the boys pretty merry owing to the strength
of whiskey and all in good spirits expecting to have a fight on
our arrival at Tullahoma at which place we arrived at 5 PM and
camped for the night on the bare wet ground, but I slept sound
all night.

29th: At 8 AM our brigade was ordered to fall in and load our
guns We then marched off at double quick for about 4 miles,
halted in a corn field and formed line of battle. Our company
was ordered out of skirmishers. We marched out about 1/2 mile
into the the woods in front of our regiment and deployed as
skirmishers. Just as were posted the rain began to fall in
torrents and continued all day. About 4 PM we were ordered in
and marched in about one mile. Our company and 2 more were
posted as a reserve for the skirmishers, at 9 PM we set a guard
and turned in on the wet ground, our clothes and blankets all wet
and we have had nothing to eat all day.

30th: Turned out this morning feeling quite refreshed having
slept well all night. Sent 6 men to the Regt. to draw rations.
Our troops were at work all night felling trees, digging rifle
pits, and building breastworks etc. Our company were lucky
enough to be clear of it. We got our rations of flour and bacon
for one day and cooked out bread on boards, at 2 1/2 PM we
advanced through the woods. There was about 2,000 of us. After
advancing 2 miles we drew up in line of battle behind a corn
field and after remaining there a short in the rain our company
and company C and 2 Comps of the 54th Va. were behind and we
went back to our Regts. and drew 3 days rations of corn meal and
bacon with orders to cook them by next morning. We had no
cooking utensils and had to bake our bread on a barrel heads and
fence rails. Detailed the whole company to cook as follows, non
com. Officer and 2 privates to cook for one hour and then call
the next 3 and so on till morning. My turn was from 9 to 10 PM.
I turned in and just as I got asleep the sergeant major called me










page five

and told me that one days more rations would soon come and that I
must draw and cook them as soon as possible. I went to sleep
again after telling the boys that were cooking to call me when
the rations came, but none came.

July Ist: At 1 AM all hands were called and ordered to fall in
for a march. Not one quarter of our rations cooked. We fell in
and started at 2 AM and marched all day through mud ankle deep
and the hottest sun that I every saw in my life. Man of the men
fainted and some were sun struck, several of them died. I was
very much fatigued and exhausted and thought that I should faint
several times but we were on a retreat and must get out of the
way of the Yankees or be taken prisoners. At sunset we halted in
an open field. The ground wet and humpy. I was wringing wet
with perspiration and my feet were very sore but I slept all
night.

2nd: Turned out at sunrise feeling very much refreshed but very
sore. Some of the boys that had corn meal in their haversacks
cooked mush in their tincups but as I had no cup I went without.
at 8 1/2 AM we fell in and marched all day. The roads are much
better than yesterday, not so much mud, but very warm. At 7 PM
we halted in an open field, stacked arms and drew 1 days rations
of flour and cooked on our ranrods for we have no cooking
utensils. At 10 PM just as we got through cooking we were
ordered to fall in and march off. We were on the move all night
and only got 2 miles ahead. We would march about 50 yards and
then halt for 5 or 10 minutes then fall in again and march 40 or
50 yards further then halt again and so on all night. We did not
get a wink of sleep. It was on account of the wagons and
artillery that we were guarding over the mountain which was very
steep.

3rd: Marched all day and at sunset we got to the foot of the
mountain and camped for the night, the ground very wet. Drew 2
canteens full of whiskey, gave the boys a drink all around and
kept 1 canteen full for the morning.

4th: Got up early this morning and started after taking a drink.
I felt very sick and at 10 AM I was so sick that I could go no
further and the ambulances were all full so I could not get into
one so I got under a shady tree and lay down and every rear
guard that came along would order me to get up and go on. I told
them that I was too sick to march and they would pass on but when
the last rear guard came up and I told them my case they told me
that I could get in a wagon if I liked I thanked them and got
into the wagon which was very dirty having been loaded with bacon
which made it very greasy. I rode for 3 or 4 hours when the
wagon turned off into another road and I had to get out and march










page six

the rest of the way. The sun was dreadful hot and I was so sick
and faint that I would have to stop and vomit every once in a
while and my head ached dreadful. I had ate nothing all day and
drank a great deal of water. I vomited 8 or 10 times during the
day, the last time I threw up blood. After leaving the wagon I
marched about one mile and halted under a shady tree pulled off
my things and laid down for about one hour then feeling refreshed
I marched on to Bridge Port and found our Regt. there. We camped
for the night, drew some whiskey and all hands took a drink,
drew 3 days rations of meal and bacon. Capt Smith bought some
flour and peas and divided it among the company. We cooked some
peas and bacon and as I had eat nothing all day I eat very
hearty. I think I must have eat a quart. After cooking our
bread on ranrods I turned in.

5th: Turned out early this morning and got in the cars and
started at 7 AM and arrived at Chattanooga at 11 AM, remained
there until' 2 PM and started for Knoxville. We rode on a
platform car very much crowded and the sun was dreadful hot and
we were all as black as niggers with the coal dust that blew over
us from the engine. I would run down through our shirt collars
to our stockings and we were so much crowded that we barely had
room to sit with our feet drawn up under us ala tailer. We rode
all night and I did not get a wink of sleep.

6th: Arrived in Knoxville at 4 AM and marched to camps, got a
cup of coffee and went to a large pond and had a good wash and
swim, went back to camp and got breakfast, turned in and slept
till dinner time, ate a hearty dinner of peas and bacon, had a
smoke and knocked about camp the balance of the day.

7th: Moved to our old camping ground and was busy all day
putting up tents etc. Jack Mason, Alfred Lowe, and I have been
messing with the officers ever since I came back to the Regt. but
we left the mess today and formed a mess of our own, for we are
tired of messing with them. We have no cooking utensils except
an old tin coffee pot and what we can borrow, but we are
satisfied.

8th: I went to town today and bought some provisions for my mess
consisting of peas, rice, onions. I also had a tooth extracted
and came back to camp at 12 M. Our rations now consist of 3/4
lbs corn meal and 1/3 lb bacon and a little salt so that we have
to spend all of our wages for food or starve.

9th: Rained all day. At dark we recvd. orders to pack up and be
ready to start for Zollicoffer in half hours time. We got ready
as well as we could. I left everything I had except a blanket
and suit of under clothes. I had just washed my jacket so I had










page seven

to leave it and go in my shirt sleeves. I rode on the top of a
car as there was no room inside and in fact the tops of the cars
were crowded. We went as far as Strawberry Plains where the
bridge is burt. It was very cold riding on the top of the cars
and the cinders from the locomotive nearly blinded us. I turned
on the ground and slept till morning.

10th: I turned out early and cooked breakfast consisting of mush
and meat from a cow's Head that we broughtwith us. Our company
was detailed to put the regiment acrost the river in a flat boat,
it being the only chance to get across and our company are the
only men that know anything about a boat in the Regt. The river
is very high and very strong current running. After considerable
delay we all got across and started in the train at 2 PM.
Stopped at Greenville 2 hours for the mail train to pass. At the
end of that time as the train did not come we started and went to
Limestone Depot and laid over all night waiting for the train to
pass for the conductor was afraid to go any further fearing that
it would run into us. During the night a man passed a bucket
full of whiskey to us on top of the the cars and some of the boys
got pretty merry on it. I took a couple of good horns myself.

llth: The mail train passed us thismorning at 8 1/2 oclock and
we started immediately and arrived at Zollicoffer at 9 1/2 AM,
got out of the cars and camped acrost the river. Drew 5 days
rations and after dinner I took a nap for I have had no sleep for
two nights.

12th: Moved to the left about 400 yards and built sheds of bark
to protect us from rain and sun.

13th: I went into the country today to buy provisions and after
walking about 6 miles and inquiring at every house that I passed
I finally bout 16 onions for $2.00 and this is the average of
prices for everything that we get.

16th: I received a letter from my mother today, all well at
home.

19th: At 11 1/2 PM we were aroused and ordered to pack up and
cook 2 days rations and be ready to march in 2 hours. We cooked
part of our rations and turned in again.

20th: Started at 7 AM marched 3 miles on the R.R. Tracks halted
and rested 15 minutes. Started again and marched 2 miles when we
passed the road that was broken, took the cars and stopped at
Bristol Tenn for a few minutes. Started again and stopped for a
few minutes at Abington, Va. Started again and arrived at Glade










page eight

Springs, Va. I was on the top of a car and the sun very warm.
We waited there in suspense for 3 hours expecting to start every
moment. At the end of that time I cooked and ate supper and went
to sleep on the wet ground, but slept well all night, very heavy
dew.

21st: Turned out this morning well and hearty, our blankets wet
through. At dark it began to rain and continued all night. I
remained in the rain with my blanket over me till midnight and
then went to an old shed where I remained till morning but got no
sleep for the shed was crowded.

22nd: Continued to rain all day. In the afternoon drew one days
ration of flour, no meat. We baked and eat the bread very quick
for we were all very hungry, having had nothing to eat all day.
I slept in a box car at night.

23rd: Took our things out of the car this morning as it was
going off. Drew 3 days rations, only 1/3 lb bacon per day to a
man. In the afternoon we had batallion drill and dress parade,
over 50 men were absent without leave in the country foraging.
None absent from our company, and the consequences is there is a
strong guard put around camps every night.

24th: Company drill for one hour in the forenoon and batallion
drill and dress parade in the afternoon. Rained in the night and
the most of us got a good wetting as we had no shelter. We threw
our blankets over our heads and sat up until the rain was over
and then rolled up in our wet blankets and turned in on the wet
ground.

25th: I went to the country foraging this morning, bought some
potatoes and a few peas. I could get nothing else. In the
afternoon drew rations and for the first time since I've been in
service we got 1 3/4 lb of flour per rations. It rained all
afternoon and nearly all night.

26th: Rained nearly all day, in the afternoon had general
inspection and dress parade. Just as we got through the rain
began to fall in torrents and continued all night, but we have
to stand and take it as we have no shelter.

August 7th: We have been living like fighting cocks since last
date for we get 1 1/2 lb. flour, 1 lb good fat beef, a little
rice, sugar and salt per day and we conscript as many potatoes as
we want and buy onions, cheese, butter etc. whenever we want it.
Milk we get for nothing, so we are getting on finely. The people
here are all good southerners and very kind to soldiers. Our
regiment moved to a new camping ground yesterday. It is a nice










page nine

cool shady hill near the hill that we are fortifying. We moved
in the morning and I was hard at work all day carrying boards and
bark from on the old camping ground and building me a shelter and
platform to sleep on. My 2 messmates at work on the
fortifications so I have to do it all myself. In the afternoon I
drew and issued rations. At night "Jack the Rat" my messmate
went in the country and conscripted a bag of fine potatoes. I
slept in my new shanty on the soft side of an oak plank with one
blanket over it but slept sound.

8th: There is a revival going on in the Regt. and half of them
are being converted which makes better for us as they will not
gout so often after potatoes etc. and our boys will stand a
better chance to get more for the Psalm singing hypocrites will
be afraid of being found out and being expelled from church. The
preacher is a regular "shorter" and can be heard for miles off
yelling out Hell fire and Brimstone which just suits the
"Crackers".' A good sensible preacher could not get along with
them. Our company have always been looked upon as hard cases,
but I suppose we will be called the ungodly company now. But we
don't care a fig for any of them, for we beat them in everything
that we undertake and they all know it, yet we are all on
friendly terms.

20th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. All hands well
and good living. Had dress parade this afternoon and Colonel
Bullock had the following order read: Any commissioned officer,
non com. Officer, or private found drinking, gambling, or
swearing, should be court martialed and punished severely, also
that tomorrow was fast day and that there would be preaching in
the Regt.

21st: Drew 1 1/4 days rations of beef this morning which I
thought strange as we are to fast today but'just as we got the
beef to camp we were ordered to pack up and march to the depot
We hurried up but had to wait at the depot for some time. While
waiting there I saw Capt. Smith, Lt. Maloney and the doctors, and
many more of the officers of our Regt. all pretty tight. Capt.
S. Called me aside and gave me a drink of peach brandy and $10.00
to buy him a quart more of brandy. I got it and had another
drink out of it. I then brought some for myself. Many of the
boys in our company were gloriously tight which shows but little
respect for Colonel Bullock's order of yesterday. We finally
started and arrived at Bristol Tenn. where we took our things out
of the cars and waited for some time for another train for we go
no further in the train we came in. While waiting several of us
got most gloriously tight At 9 PM we started for Knoxville. I
slept on the top of the car as there was no room inside. I
spread my blanket and Alfred Lowe and I lay on it and covered










page ten

with his. I put my cartridge box under my had for a pillow.
During the night I awoke and found that my blanket and cartridge
box was gone and Alfred's hat also. The car shook so much that I
could not get to sleep any more for I was afraid of being shook
off.

22nd: Arrived at Knoxville at 1 PM and marched to camp. On our
arrival at Camps we were ordered to draw and cook 4 days rations
and be ready to start in the morning at daylight on a march. My
mess having quite a lot of provisions that we have been saving
while at Glade Springs left it with an old woman in Shields Town
to take care of for us. I left all of my clothes with here also
for I am not able to carry a knapsack. After cooking my rations
I went to a stream and had a good wash and put on clean clothes,
then turned in and slept sound all night.

23rd: At sunrise we started and marched all day. It was very
hot and dusty. I could not see a man 30 yards ahead of me on
account of the dust, my feet were blistered and my shoulders hurt
so badly that I could hardly get along. At 8 PM we halted and
camped for the night, I drew 1 days rations of beef for tomorrow.
I then went to a branch and had a good bath and then turned in
and slept sound all night.

24th: Turned out early expecting to start again but remained
here until dusk when the order was given to pack up and start for
Loudon. The place we stopped at last night and today is called
Turkey Creek. We started and marched all night. It was as hard
a march as we ever had for the night was very dark and warm and
the road very rough and in some places it was so dark that we
could not see two feet ahead of us and to make matters worse we
were not allowed to rest during the night.

25th: Arrived in Loudon at Daybreak, crossed the bridge and
halted I laid down on the ground and slept about one hour, when
we were ordered to fall in and crossed the river again and camped
in a thick wood. We were ordered to draw and cook 3 days rations
which was done. After I got through issuing rations I lay down
and slept about 2 hours and then went to the river and had a
swim, came back to camp, turned in and slept sound all night.

30th: Our Regt. Had been busy building batteries ever since we
have been here and this morning we all went out on picket. Our
company was on the outpost. We conscripted as many green
watermelons and peas as we wanted. At dark we were ordered in
and when we arrived at camps we found that the Regt. had left for
Charleston, Tenn. We started immediately and overtook them
before they had crossed the river. We crossed and marched about
2 miles and camped for the night, very cold.










page eleven

31st: Started early this morning and marched all day. Passed
through Philadelphia, Tenn. Sweet Water, Tenn. and camped one
mile from Sweet Water. Drew 1 days rations of Corn Meal.and
tainted beef. Cooked it and turned in.

September 1st: Started early and marched until 4 PM. Passed
through Athens and a small town called Mouse Creek. Camped at
Riceville, drew and cooked one days rations of flour and bacon,
turned in and slept all night.

2nd: Started at daylight and arrived at Charleston, Tenn. at 12
M marched through and camped 6 miles beyond, drew 3 days rations
of Corn meal and beef with orders to cook them up and put the
cooking utensils in the wagons before morning, which was done.
It was midnight before I got to bed, but was soon asleep for I
was very tired.

3rd: Turned out early this morning feeling very stiff and sore
and remained here until 3 PM when our company was ordered to
march to the Hiwassee river, distance 6 miles, to guard some
steamboats. Arrived at the boats at 7 1/2 PM and posted pickets
acrost the river.

4th: After breakfast I went in swimming and washed my under
clothes and kept my pants and short on until they were dry, then
put the under clothes on and washed the others for I have but one
suit. Some of the boys killed a fine hog and brought a bushel of
potatoes and we had a glorious dinner, the first good meal we
have had for a long time.

5th: Some of the boys went foraging and wounded a hog but did
not get it, so we will have to go without today and in fact our
rations are entirely out, and we don't know where to get any more
for there is no commissary within 6 miles of us. We bought a
bushel of potatoes for $6.00 which will make just two meals.

6th: Sunday: I have soled my shoes today, a case of necessity.
The boys killed two hogs which was quite a godsend. I went into
the woods in the afternoon and got a fine lot of poppaus
(Pawpaws), a very fine fruit about the size and shape of a mango.
Heard Cannonading in the direction of Chattanooga during the day.

7th: At 4 PM some cavalrymen came on board with orders to burn
the boats. We turned out and Capt. Smith ordered us to cook all
the food we had and objected to burn the boats unless he had
positive orders in writing, for he had orders to hold the boats
at all hazards, so the men went away. We got everything ready










page twelve

to burn them however and at 11 PM positive orders came for us to
burn them and leave them as soon as possible for we were nearly
surrounded by the Yankees. At 12 midnight we set fire to them
and started for Cleveland.

8th: Arrived in Cleveland at 10 1/2 AM. We were all very tired
for we had marched 20 miles without resting for we were closely
pursued by the Yankees and it was so dark in some places that we
could not see each other. On our arrival we jumped into the
chars without permission from anyone for everything was in
confusion as they were evacuating the place as the enemy were
expected every moment and none of our troops are here. The train
started at 11 1/2 AM and arrived at Daulton at 4 PM. We camped
close to the R. Road. While at Cleveland we conscripted a bag of
flour and some bacon. It belonged to government and we have
drawn no rations since we left the Regt.

9th: My birthday and very dull one for we have nothing to eat
but bread. We drew 2 days rations of flour and salt but could
get no meat. at 3 PM 20 men and 1 officer were detailed to load
cars. When they came back they brought a side of bacon weighing
60 lbs. and a box of tobacco which was divided among us. Col.
Bullock's wife being in the cars near us we went and serenaded
her. Real music, we sang Fairey Bell, Let me kiss him for his
mother, and the Homespun Dress. At.the end of each song there
was quite a clapping of hands in the cars. We went back to
camps, took a smoke and turned in.

10th: All our company busy today loading cars, moved camps in
the afternoon. One soldier shot another through the head killing
him instantly. Everything in confusion loading cars with all
kinds of government stores. Some of the boys conscripted a ham,
a lot of sugar and other thing that we needed.

llth: All hands at work loading cars, trains leaving all night
and morning. Yankees reported close at hand at 10 AM. We were
ordered to draw and cook 2 days rations and march to Lafayette,
Ga, our brigade reported to be there. Started at 3 PM and
marched until dark, halted by an old church and turned in. My
clothes wet with perspiration and covered with dust but I slept
well.

12th: At 3 AM we turned out and marched until 10 1/2 AM, halted
and rested for 4 hours. All of us very tired for we had to climb
some very steep hill, it was very warm and dusty. Soon after we
stopped it rained which spoilt our rest. At 3 PM started and
marched 4 miles when we met our Regt. who thought that the










page thirteen

Yankees had taken us prisoners. They welcomed us back very
warmly and were very glad to see us safely back. Drew 2 days
rations and cooked them. This place is Lafayette, Ga., remained
here all night.

13th: Our brigade started early this morning to meet the enemy,
marched about 4 miles and halted for 1 hour, cannonading in
front. Started again and marched back to the place we left in
the morning and camped for the night.

14th: Started at daylight and marched about 1/2 mile and halted
in an open field for about 1 hour, then marched about 3 miles to
the top of a hill, halted and remained all night.

15th: Drew 1 days rations of corn and flour bread which was not
half cooked having cooked during the night by the wagoners of the
Regt. The corn bread musty and the flour bread burnt outside and
raw inside and very heavy. No meat.

15th: My breakfast consisted of musty corn bread and water.
During the day drew 1 days rations of boiled beef, less than half
pound to a man, miserable stuff. I must here state that nearly
every man in the Regt. officers and all are blessed with some of
Job's comforters, the itch, head and body lice and bed bugs. I
am one of the number and although I hunt for them every day I
cant get clear of them. I got stocked on board of the steamboats
and we will not get clear of them until this affair is over and
we get into quarters again and boil our clothes and blankets,
which is the only way to get clear of them. It is a common thing
to see officers and men almost in a nude state hunting for the
infernal devils. At 9 PM just as we were all turned in we were
ordered to pack up and march and had it not been for the fires
along the road we never could have got down the mountain. We had
to go in single file, the fires looked grand. Took the wrong
road and had to counter march for some distance. Arrived at our
old camping ground and camped for the night.

17th: Turned out at 4 AM and drew 2 days rations half of which
was cooked. At 10 AM we were ordered to pack up and march off.
Marched all day and camped at night. It was a dreadful hot and
dusty day.

18th: Marched this morning towards the enemy. Cannonading began
at 12 M. Halted and rested 1 hour and again advanced. Double
quicked 1 1/2 miles. Dust so thick that we could not see the
ground. Halted at 6 PM stacked arms and broke ranks to the rear,
gathered wood and just as we were lighting our fires we were
ordered to fall in. Marched by divisions through a thick wood
and halted 'in line of battle among the woods, stacked arms and










page fourteen

sent a detail after water. Heavy skirmishing in front. Turned
in and at 10 PM just as we were sound asleep we were ordered to
fall in without notice and marched about 300 yards and camped in
line of battle. Slept with our accoutrements on and our guns in
our arms. So cold that I could not sleep.

19th: Fell in and marched off at 5 AM, very cold. Formed line
of battle in a large corn field, built fires to warm ourselves,
ate my breakfast of sour corn bread and water. Heavy cannonading
and musketry on our right and left, we are in the center. Moved
at double quick and changed positions several times, pieces of
shell falling among us several times. At 4 PM we engaged the
enemy and charged them through an open field. When within about
400 yards of their battery we were ordered to right flank and
marched at double quick to the right. The enemy threw a complete
shower of grape, cannister, shell, and musketry among us but
although we were exposed to their fire for some time our company
did not have a man hurt but the Regt. was not so lucky for it
lost a good many. The battle lasted until 9 PM and ceased but
there was heavy skirmishing all night. At 4 PM we drew some
bread and bacon which was greatly needed for I have had nothing
to eat all day except a little sour corn bread. Very cold all
night and no fires were allowed. I scarcely slept a wink all
night but lay shivering with cold all night. The groans and
shrieks of the wounded and volleys of musketry and falling of
trees made it impossible to sleep.

20th: But little sleep all night. Built some small fires in the
morning to warm ourselves. "Iron-clad" and bacon for breakfast.
Proceeded to a point 1/2 mile distant where we planted a battery
and opened fire accorst a large field but received no reply. At
2 PM changed position and planted some 24 pieces of artillery.
Some slow firing from our side but received no reply. We then
proceeded to the rear where it was expected that the enemy would
try to outflank us. We lay there in ambush 1/2 hour, our company
was thrown out as skirmishers. At 4 PM we were ordered to the
front at double quick, distance 3 miles. We arrived there in 1/2
hour, In going there we had to pass through an open place on the
brow of a hill and the enemy opened a heavy cross fire of grape,
cannister, shell and shot but did not hurt any in our regiment.
We rested a few minutes and then we.were ordered to charge a hill
1/2 mile distant. We went at double quick and got to the foot of
the hill at dark. The enemy seeing us sent a man towards us to
see whether we were their own men or not with directions to fire
if we were enemies but we took him before he could fire his gun,
therefore the Yankees took it for granted that we were their own
men. We then proceed to the top of the hill within about 50
yards of them and halted and took 30 prisoners when the Yankees
opened a fierce fire upon us. We soon silenced them. They tried










page fifteen

to escape by running but they ran into the 6th Florida and were
all captured. Our company captured a colonel and several
officers and horses belonging to the general's staff. All the
prisoners except the officers were armed with Colt's 5 shooting
rifle. Our brigade took 470 prisoners including those we took.
We then marched nearly all dead for want of water and were very
tired and sleepy. I and 2 more of our company took all the
canteens and went after water 3 miles distant. We came very near
loosing our way and did not get back to the Regt. until 2 AM. I
then eat a little supper and slept about 1/2 hour, for it was so
cold that I could not sleep.

21st: At 4 AM, we turned out and at daylight marched off about 1
1/2 miles and halted, formed line of battle, stacked arms and
remained there all day, the enemy being completely routed. The
ground was completely covered with dead and wounded. Drew 2 days
rations of corn bread and boiled beef. Our troops carrying off
the wounded and burying the dead all day. It was a terrible
sight, friend and foe lying side by side.

22nd: At 10 1/2 AM started on a march at quick time, halted at
12 1/2 PM, rested 1 hour, started again and marched till 5 PM,
stacked arms and drew 2 days rations of flour and 1 of meal, no
meat. It took us unil daylight to bake it, for we are short of
cooking utensils.

23rd: Started for Chattanooga at 8 AM and halted 2 miles from
the city, formed line of battle and lay down on our arms. The
enemy shelled us for some time and had we been standing up many
of us would have been killed for the pieces of shells flew around
our heads very close and plentiful. We did not reply to them but
remained here all night, no fires allowed.

24th: At daylight the enemy began to shell us but did not hurt
any of us. At 9 1/2 AM marched off a short distance and halted
in line of battle. Remained there about 1/2 hour and marched a
short distance, halted, stacked arms and sat down. Drew 1 days
ration of boiled beef, remained here all day, the enemy shelling
us occasionally but without effect. We made no reply. At 11 PM
we were aroused by heavy picket firing and soon after the enemy
opened their batteries on us. Our battery opened in reply and
soon silenced them. We then lay down and slept till morning,
very cold and no fires allowed.

25th: All quiet in front. Drew 2 days rations of boiled beef.
At 9 AM we moved about 1/2 mile and stacked arms under the lee of
a high hill and remained there all day. At 5 PM we commenced
building breastworks of fence rails and worked till dark when we
ordered to fall in, but did not move away. At 10 PM just as I










page sixteen

was asleep the sergeant major called on me for 3 men to picket
guard and a few minutes after the adjutant gave me orders to have
one third of the company up at a time all night so that in case
of an attack we could all be aroused quick. All quiet through
the night except an occasional volley of musketry fired by our
pickets.

26th: Could hear the Yankee bands playing this morning quite
plain. At sunrise our pickets and the Yankee pickets had a hot
engagement and we fell in and marched to their support, halted in
sight of them for we were not needed. The enemy opened a battery
on our pickets and one of our batteries returned the compliment
and kept it up for some time. We remained there about a half
hour then marched back to the place we came from and stacked
arms. Remained there until 2 PM when we were relieved by the
63rd Va. Regiment. We marched about 3/4 mile to the rear,
stacked arms and drew 2 days rations of corn bread and boiled
beef and prepared to stay here all night. Built fires, spread
our blankets and some of us had just turned in when we were
ordered to fall in an march a short distance and halted behind
some breastworks where we had 2 batteries and remained there all
night.

27th: Just 2 years today since I left home. We are behind the
breastworks this morning, all quiet through the night. Some of
the boys that were lucky enough to steal some ears of corn from
the horses last night are busy grating it and making mush of it
for we are almost starved to death, we draw enough in 2 days to
make one good meal. Firing through the night. Our men at work
all night throwing up earthworks for our artillery.

28th: Everything quiet this morning. Some of the boys busy
grating corn and making mush. I have been very unwell for
several days. I have witnessed the shooting of a man for
desertion and joining the Yankees. He belonged to a Tennessee
regiment and was taken prisoner yesterday. He deserted on our
retreat from Tallahoma. It was a very solemn affair. Drew 1
days ration of corn bread and beef for tomorrow but as everyone
is very hungry they eat it all for supper, so we will have to
fast tomorrow. Quiet all night.

29th: Drew 1 days rations of corn bread and bacon, just enough
for one meal and we eat it up immediately although it is for
tomorrow. There is some rasonlity about it for our full rations
are drawn from thebrigade commissary and then cooked at the
wagons. We think that our commissary sergeant sells it.

30th: All quiet through the night. Our men at work all night
building breastworks. Nothing to eat but we are all well










page seventeen

supplied with lice. Many of the Regt. sick from drinking bad
water and poorly cooked food. I think we will all be sick soon
if they don't give us more food.

October 1st: Began to rain at 5 PM yesterday and rained all
night, no tents, so we have to stand and take it all night. Mud
ankle deep and not a wink of sleep. Stopped raining at midnight
when we stripped off and dried our clothes by the fire. All
hands as hungry as wolves and nothing to eat.

2nd: One third of the Regt. digging ditches and building
breastworks. Drew 1 days ration of beef and cornbread and one
drink of whiskey. All hands busy cleaning guns and drying
clothes. At 8 PM just as I was sound asleep I was called to draw
rations for tomorrow, drew bread and bacon and issued it. A
guard was then called for from every company to give the alarm in
case our pickets should be drove in. All quiet through the
night.

3rd: All quiet today. I am very unwell. Our troops busy
throwing up breastworks all night.

4th: Sunday, expected to open the "ball" this morning but
everything quiet along the line. Our Regt. on picket. I am very
unwell having been up half the night with diarrhoea which I have
been troubled with for some time. All quiet through the night.

5th: I feel much better today. Slept but little during the
night it being so cold that I had to sit by the fire half the
night. At 11 AM the first gun was fired by one of our batteries
and a slow firing was kept up until 3 PM when it became more
general. All became silent and dark when we were relieved and
marched back to the breastworks every man carrying a fence rail
on his shoulder to build fires with. It was an odd sight, being
at dusk. I was sick all night. Heavy frost during the night.
Toward morning 6 cannon shots were fired at the enemy.

6th: I am very unwell today. At 10 AM our brigade was relieved
and we marched to the rear and camped in the woods. Our wagons
came up and we drew 1 days ration of corn bread and raw beef and
our cooking utensils for which we are thankful as we can now cook
our own rations. Rained all night and very cold. We had to
stand and take it for we have no shelter and no axes to out wood
with.

7th: Very cold all day. In the afternoon drew 3 days rations of
meal and flour and 2 of beef. All quiet through the night.










page eighteen

8th: Drew some clothing today. I am quite sick and in fact all
of the company are in the same fix from eating bad beef and
drinking bad water. A little cannonading through the day, all
quiet tonight.

9th: Inspection of arms in the morning, drew 1 days ration of
blue beef, all quiet.

10th: At 1 PM our brigade fell in and marched about 1 mile and
halted in line of battle in an open field to be reviewed by
President Davis. At 3 PM he came up escorted by all the generals
and their aids in the army. As he stopped opposite each Regt. he
received 3 cheers and on returning received a regular "Rebel"
yell. I saw Genl. Bragg for the first time. We then marched
back to camp and drew 2 days rations of flour, 1 of beef and 1 of
bacon. While drawing rations the Regt. was ordered on picket. I
and the sick remained in camps. I baked bread for my chum and
myself before I went to bed. Quiet all night.

11th: After taking the sick to the doctor I went out to the
Regt. and remained there all day and night.

12th: Rained a little at 4 AM. We were relieved at 8 AM by the
63rd Tennessee Regt. and marched to camps having been on quard 38
hours. Quiet all day. Began to rain at 11 PM and'continued to
fall in torrents all night and as I had no shelter I got drenched
but had to stand and take it.

13th: Rained all day and oh what a fix we are all in, wet to the
skin and everything we have are soaking wet, rations, blankets,
guns and everything else. Mud ankle deep. Rained all night and
of course I got no sleep. Some of the boys have made tents of
their blankets but mine is so small and thin that it is of no use
but to throw over my shoulders.

14th: It still continues to rain and I feel none the better for
it, have had no sleep for 2 nights and my clothes have been wet
for 2 days and nights. Drew 1 days ration of very poor beef,
rained all day and night.

15th: Still raining. Drew 1 days ration of flour and bacon,
hardly a chance to cook as it rains incessantly.and the mud ankle
deep. At 8 PM the rain ceased and we were up nearly all night
drying our blankets and clothes by the fire. Turned in on the
wet ground and slept sound until morning.

16th: I feel greatly refreshed this morning having had a little
sleep for the first time in four nights but I have a violent cold
and pain in the breast. Nothing to eat for the roads are so bad










page nineteen

that the wagons can't get along. All hands as hungry as wolves.
I went to bed but was so hungry that I could not sleep for when I
would dose off I would dream that I was at my mother's table
eating all sorts of nice things, then wake up and find it all a
dream. Very cold and a heavy frost. Suffered very much with
rheumatism in my hip and pain in my breast.

17th: Got up this morning as hungry as a wolf and nothing to
eat. Drew 2 days rations after dark and it was not long before
we had some mush cooked and eat. After satisfying our hunger we
baked bread for tomorrow as the regiment goes on picket in the
morning. Cold all night.

18th: Turned out early and took the sick to the doctor. The
Regt. went on picket, I remained in camp to draw rations if they
come and I have to take medicine. Rained all day.

19th: Drew 2 days rations of meal and beef which was as lean as
carrion. At 1 PM the Regt. came back as hungry as sharks. I had
dinner ready for my messmates which they eat with a keen relish.
I have been suffering all day with a violent headache and had a
hot fever all night.

20th: I reported sick this morning and the doctor gave me 2
powders and rubbed my breast with croton oil. In the afternoon
drew 2 days rations of flour. Cold all night.

21st: Sick this morning. Took a blue pill about half the size
of a pigeon's egg and rubbed my breast with croton oil. Began to
rain at 9 AM and continued all day very heavy. Most of our camp
ground overflowed. Sick all night, violent pains in my breast,
head and bowels and severe cough.

22nd: I feel some better today. My breast is one mass of
blisters caused by the croton oil. Took 2 more pills. One of my
messmates went foraging and got a beef neck and some tails which
was very acceptable as we were out of meat. Rained all night and
very cold.

23rd: Rained all day. Got breakfast at 12M and dinner at 5 PM.
Mud ankle deep, almost impossible to keep a fire burning,
everything wet and unpleasant, rained all night.

24th: Our regiment went on picket at 6 1/2 AM. Very cold. I
remained in camp. Nearly all sick men were ordered to pack up
and march to a new camping ground. We did so and marched 3 miles
to the right and camped at the breastworks on a cold blank place.
We built fires and turned in but it was so cold that I slept
little. Gathered a lot of poles to build a hut with before I
went to bed.










page twenty

25th: I got up at 4 AM it being so cold I could not sleep. At
10 AM the regiment arrived and I and my messmates went to work
building a hut to protect ourselves from the wind and rain. In
the afternoon just as we had it nearly completed we were ordered
to fall in and give room for the Ist Fla. Regt. We moved just
far enough to throw my hut into their lines so I pulled it down
and carried it to where we are to stop. Cooked and eat dinner
and supper together and turned it. Felt very unwell all night.
I sat by the fire half the night. Very cold all night.

26th: Busy all day building a hut. Drew 1/2 gill molasses per
man. It was sent to the Fla. troops by the people of Florida.

27th: Busy all day on our hut which is built of poles, corn
stalks, straw and dirt. It makes a warm and comfortable hut but
I don't think it is healthy. General inspection in the
afternoon.

28th: At 3 AM we were ordered to fall in and march to the left
which we did very reluctantly for we have all been hard at work
since we've been here building huts and just as we get tolerable
comfortable we have to leave it. But this is the way a soldier
is treated. After marching and countermarching and humbugging
half the fornoon we camped on a hill between the first and second
row of breastworks. Shelling from both sides all day. Drew 3
days rations of bread stuff and 1 of beef. Shelling all night.

29th: Several of us were drilled today for swearing. I was one
of the number. Our captain has got very pious and particular
lately. I told him that when I joined the Confederate Army that
I did not intend to become a Methodist preacher and if he thought
he could make a preacher or hypocrite of me by punishment that he
was mistaken for the more he punished the worse I would be for I
was neither a slave or a school boy. He thought it strange that
nobody else said anything about it but me. I told him that I was
talking for my rights.

30th: Rained all day and night. At 10 AM our Regt. went on
picket. I remained in camps as I had a lot of company writing to
do.

31st: Rain ceased at 4 AM but it was bitter cold all day and
night. Mustered for pay in the afternoon the Regt. having come
off picket. Drew 4 days rations but no salt.

November 1st, 1863: Cold but pleasant all day. Capt. Smith went
to Atlanta this morning on business. The boys all glad that he
is gone for he has become quite a tyrant lately and we all
dislike him. Lieut. Bethell went to hospital today and Lieut. W.
C. Maloney is sick in camp which leaves me in command.










page twenty-one

2nd: Company drill in the forenoon, 3 of our Co. absent without
leave gone to the butcher pen to get meat for our rations are not
sufficient for us. They were reported to the Col. and I suppose
will be punished. Shelling from both sides all day.

3rd: Nothing unusual today. Shelling of course but we have
become so used to it that we hardly notice it.

5th: Our Regt. on picket today and there is no Comd. Officer I
had to go with the Co. Rained all day and night. I lay down and
slept a little but the water was about 2 inches deep under me so
after a short nap I turned out and say by the fire. Rain held up
at 4 AM cleared off, very cold.

6th: Clear and pleasant but cold, everything wet. Everything
quiet through the night except that one of our officers got on
the outside of our picket line it being so-dark that he could not
see. One o'f our pickets fired at him but did not hit him. We
were relieved at 10 AM. On our arrival at camps we drew some
clothing and rations. Dress parade in the afternoon. We are now
in Buckner's Division, Hardee's Corps. Quiet through the night
but cold.

7th: Cold and foggy this morning. Received a letter from S. R.
Mallory in answer to the one we wrote him from Glade Springs, Va.
requesting a transfer to the Navy. He said that whenever there
was a call for seamen that we would be transferred.

8th: Very cold. Capt. Smith returned today. Brigade inspection
in the afternoon. Capt. Smith offered us some brandy but we
declined drinking any. He seemed very anxious to get into our
good graces again but he can't wait until he does better.

9th: Our Regt. on picket today and it is bitter cold. I
remained in camps, my messmate A. B. Lowe went to the butcher pen
and got 7 cows hoofs which we cleaned and cooked all night.

10th: Very cold today. Made a fine cheese of the cows hoofs
which is made as follows: the hoofs are build to a jelly and a
little corn meal, pepper and salt added to it and then poured
into pans to cool. Drew 3 days rations of bread stuff but no
meat and none to be had for the present. Regt. retd. at 10 AM.

llth: Company drill in the morning and battalion drill in the
afternoon.

14th: Our Regt. moved today. We are now in a brigade composed
of all Floridians. Our new camping ground is low, wet nasty,
muddy place. Drew 4 days rations in the afternoon.










page twenty-two

18th: We have been hard at work for the last four days building
a log chimney and additions to our hut. Have to carry the wood
3/4 mile on our shoulders. Heavy firing on the right yesterday.
I went to A. F. Lift yesterday to try to get detailed to work in
the Navy Yard. I am our of rations, nothing to eat all day.

19th: All quiet today except an occasional shot from Lookout
Mountain which was returned by the Yankees.

20th: Drew 4 days rations. Rain all day. Detail of nearly
every man in our Co. to work on roads 6 miles distance.

21st: Still raining, ceased at 12M. Scarcely any cannonading
today.

22nd: Fine clear day, very cold. Heavy cannonading on the
right. Inspection at 9 AM At sunset ordered to fall in and
move to the; right 1 mile, found fine quarters that had been built
by some of our troops that had just moved.

23rd: Slight rain in the forenoon. The enemy advanced at 2 PM
and drove our pickets in and just as I was about to eat my dinner
we were ordered to fall in and march to the breastworks at double
quick so I had to go without any dinner. At 3 PM our Regt. was
detached from the brigade and sent to the right 4 miles. We went
up on Missionary Ridge at 5 PM and remained there in line of
battle until 8 PM when we were relieved and marched back to the
breastworks, distance 1 mile. Remained there until 12 midnight.
During the time I went back to camps and got my blanket and
knapsack and started back to the Regt. and when I got within half
mile of it I met them going back to camps. We arrived at camps
at 2 AM. I then cooked my rations for the next day before going
to bed.

24th: At daylight we were ordered to fall in and go to the
breastworks. Very foggy, cold and misty rain. I remained there
until nearly night when I was ordered to go to the camps and draw
rations for the company and attend to cooking them. Our Regt.
went on picket at 6 PM. Fighting all day at Lookout Mountain and
continued until 2 AM when our forces evacuated the mountain. I
drew 3 days rations at 10 PM and three of us went to work cooking
them. At 11 PM just as we had got nicely started in baking bread
we were ordered to carry our cooking utensils to the top of
Missionary Ridge, it being to steep for the wagons to go up
loaded. Two of us carried them up and hard work it was for the
hill was very steep. By the time we got through it was nearly
daylight.









page twenty-three

25th: At 7 AM some of the boys came in from the company to get
the rations. The enemy were shelling our quarters at the time
and some of their shells fell among our huts but nobody hurt. We
carried the rations to theCo. who were then in the breastworks
about 3/4 mile to the right of us and issued it to them, the
enemy shelling us all the time. We moved up and down the
breastworks several times during the forenoon. At 2 PM the enemy
advanced on us in 4 columns. They played us a Yankee trick by
bringing out their artillery covered with ambulance covers and we
all took them to be ambulances until they opened fire on us.
They advanced on us in fine style. We held our fire until they
were within about 300 yards of us and then poured a deadly fire
into them and made many of them bite the dust but we were very
few in number, merely a line of skirmishers in single rank and
scattered at that. I judged from the looks of their numbers that
there must be all of 100,000 men. We mowed them down until they
were within 30 yards of us and then we retreated up the hill and
made a short stand at the second breastworks, but it was of no
use for although we mowed them down yet they advanced on us and
we were again forced to retreat and then came the worst part of
the fight for the hill was dreadful steep and the enemy kept up a
continual fire and threw a continual shower of bullets among us
and I only wonder that they did not kill all of us. Many a poor
fellow fell exhausted and was taken prisoner. I did not think
that I should be able to reach the top for I had on a heavy
knapsack and 3 days rations in my haversack and a canteen full of
water. I stopped several times and took a shot at the d--d
Yankees and at the same time it rested me. The bullets flew
around us so thick that it seemed impossible to escape unhurt. I
would have thrown away my knapsack but could not get it off and
it was lucky for me for a bullet struck my knapsack at the right
shoulder and came out at the left shoulder making 23 holes in my
blanket. When I reached the top of the ridge I was so much
exhausted that I fell down and lay there for several minutes to
recover breath. Then I got behind a log and went to work with a
will shooting Yankees. They advanced slowly keeping a continual
fire. We mowed them down by scores when unfortunately for us
our artillery got out of ammunition and retired but we held the
ridge until the enemy were on the top and had their flags on our
breastworks. We then retreated down the hill under a shower of
lead leaving many a noble son of the South dead and wounded on
the ground and many more shared the same fate on the retreat. We
retreated in great confusion, men from different companies all
mixed up together. I arrived at Chicamauga Station at 8 PM and
there the different brigades formed. After searching around for
some time I found our Regt., that is a portion of it, for many of










page twenty-four

them were missing. We crossed the pontoon bridge and marched for
Dalton, Ga. I marched until about 10 PM when I and several more
of our Regt. fell out and built a fire and remained there all
night. My messmate A. B. Lowe stopped with me. Poor fellow he
had to throw away everything he had except his gun and
accoutrements when he was going up the ridge.

26th: Turned out early and eat breadfast of corn bread and
boiled beef that I was lucky enough to save through the battle.
My messmate had nearly all my rations in his haversack and lost
them with his other things. Started and marched all day, resting
however when we felt tired. Arrived at Ringgold at 5 PM where I
met several of our company. Our Lieut. Col. was with them and
tried to draw rations for them but there was none in the place so
we marched off and crossed the bridge and camped 1 mile from
town. I went out and tried to shoot a hog but could not find
any. Built a fire and turned in very tired and hungry.

27th: Started early in the morning and marched to Dalton by 6 PM
where I found Lieut. Maloney and some of our company. The
brigade was camped at the old hospital buildings 1 mile from
Dalton. I then found that the casualties of our company was as
follows: Capt. R. B. Smith and Privates Joseph Bartlum, John
Pont and John Jackson wounded and Pri. Joseph Fagan, Charles Comb
and Wm. Herrymand missing. Our Regt. lost a good many including
the Col. who was taken prisoner. Cold and raining all night.

28th: At 3 AM I was called to draw rations and after standing in
the rain for about 3 hours I got about enough half cooked corn
bread and boiled beef for one day but it is 3 days rations. Very
cold all day and night.

29th: Very cold all day. After breakfast my messmate and others
went into the woods and shot 2 pigs which was a great treat for
we were out of meat. In the afternoon Jack Mason, one of our Co.
who is stopping in the hospital in Dalton as nurse, came out to
see us and took 3 of our boys in with him and sent us a bag of
potatoes, 1/4 bag corn meal and some hard bread. We moved into
the woods in the afternoon it being warmer there than at the
hospital buildings.

30th: Very cold all day and night.

December 1, 1863: Brigade inspection in the forenoon. Drew 3
days rations, very scant. I was busy all day making reports and
returns. At night we were informed that General Bragg was to be
serenaded and that any of us that wished to go could do so. The










page twenty-five

Gen'l is relieved of his command by his own request and Gen'l
Meade is now temporary command. I did not go as it was too cold.
Some of the Co. went and said it was a nice affair. Speeches
from different Gen'ls, etc.

3rd: I got a pass and went in town and brought some provisions,
returned to camp and then went in search of a butcher pen to try
and purchase a liver or any kind of meat but after walking about
8 miles and visiting four pens I returned without a thing for
livers, tripe, hoofs, and everything else were spoken for before
the beef was killed. Everybody are most hungry for we get but
3/4 lb. beef per day and miserable stuff at that. When I got
back I was tired and hungry for I had eat nothing but a little
corn bread in the morning. Rec'd 2 months pay $40.00. At night
our new Brig. Gen'l was serenaded.

7th: Battalion drill in forenoon. Our Luit. Col. undertook to
drill us but made an ass of himself for he knows no more about
tactics than my old grandmother. After humbugging us a while we
went back to camps. Dress parade in afternoon.

8th: Rained all day and night, very unpleasant. Cleared off
towards morning pleasant.

9th: Pleasant this morning. Battalion drill and inspection of
arms at 10 AM. Dress parade in the afternoon.

10th: I got a pass and went to town to purchase some provisions
for my mess but could get nothing but a little salt at $1.00 per
lb. Returned just in time to escape going on dress parade, drew
5 days rations.

llth: We were ordered to pack up in the morning and move to
another place and build winter quarters but after packing up and
falling in the order was countermanded and a detail sent to clear
the camp ground. Dress parade in afternoon.

25th: Christmas day and a very dull one but I had a tolerable
good dinner. I"' had one drink of whiskey in the morning. There
was some serenading last night but I took no part in it for I did
not feel merry as my thoughts were of home. We have been very
busy building winter quarters since last date, and they are now
finished and quite comfortable.

January 1, 1864: Bitter cold all day, nothing but corn bread to
eat and to make matters worse I am barefooted and have been for
some time. We have had no snow yet but it has been raining for
the past five days.










page twenty-six

[(From here on the diary is written on different paper and is not
as well preserved.)]


Feb. 6th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. 3 of our
company started for home today on furlough.

Sunday 7th: Cloudy and cold. Brigade inspection in morning.
Rumors in camp that we are to go to the front or to Mobile, Ala.
At dress parade many orders were read which we were sorry for as
it was bitter cold and it took over an hour to read them. The
most of the orders were respecting the proceedings of Court
Martials in the cases of men from different commands for
desertion, stealing, etc. Some of them were to have half their
heads shaved and the letter D. pricked on their left hip, others
to wear a barrel shirt, etc.

8th: Our regiment held a meeting this afternoon for the purpose
of reenlisting for the war although our terms of enlistment will
not be out for over a year. Lieut. Col Ingraham was called to
preside and Lieut. B. F. Friest requested to act as secretary.
The object of the meeting was then explained by Lieut. Col
Ingraham in a few patriotic remarks and a committee of one man
from each company appointed to draft resolutions expressive of
the feelings of the Regt. vis:

Committee: Sergt. T. W. Bront, Co. A; Pri. Wm. N.
Campbell, Co. B; Serg. W. M. Robertson, Co. C; Sergt. J. A.
Grigsby, Co. D; Lieut. S. Turman, Co. E; Sergt. J. F. Wheeler,
Co. F; Sergt. W. M. Smith, Co. G; Sergt. J. F. Warren, Co. H;
Pri. S. A. Lane, Co. I; and Capt. R. B. Smith, Co. K.

The following preamble and resolutions having been presented by
the committee, they were adopted unanimously with great
enthusiasm:

Whereas, our once peaceful country is being overrun by
the invading minions of a despotic government actuated by the
power of usurpation and led on in the prosecution of this way by
desires more corrupt and accursed than ever actuated the minds of
the most tryannical nations making any claims to civilization and
Whereas, in many portions of our beloved Confederacy
lands are laid waste, cities, towns, and villages are destroyed,
our citizens imprisoned, their property violently wrested from
them and their wives, mothers, sisters and daughters suffering
the most shameful abuses and intolerable insults and
Whereas, the eyes of the oppressed ones are imploringly
turned to us as their natural protectors and










page twenty-seven

Whereas, even at this moment Charleston is fiercely
assailed with the avowed object of total destruction, Mobile is
threatened, and General Grant's army stands ready with fire and
sword to enter the very heart of our young republic and
Whereas, there is no avocation more honorable or
praiseworthy than that of a soldier battling for his rights
against the oppressors of his country, the enemies of
Constitutional Liberty, therefore be it
Resolved, that we do reenlist for the war
Resolved, that we despise Lincoln's amnesty proclamation
as heartily as Butler's beastly "order" and would as soon think
of giving our wives, mothers, sisters and daughters to the one as
accepting the other, both bring dishonor of the deepest dye
Resolved that the red smoke of battle shall be to us as a
pleasant summer sky and the cannon's booming chorus as sweetest
music until the last inch of territory wrested from us by the
vandal foe shall be restored and the wronged and outraged South
shall be recognized as a peer amongst the nations of the earth
Resolved, that while we have the utmost and unequivocal
confidence in the fidelity and wisdom of our legislators and
while we shall cheerfully abide every will and obey all laws made
by them, we do most respectfully ask that we, as a Regt. of
volunteers, may be permitted to hold our organization as such,
independent of any and all consolidations whatever and that we be
permitted to reelect our own regimental and company officers,
claiming it as a right belonging to all volunteers.
Resolved, that in Jefferson Davis, President of the
Confederate States, and Joseph E. Johnston, the great war chief
of the West, we recognize the greatest statesman and gallant
warrior and pledge ourselves to follow the dictates of the one
and the leadership of the other, whatever in their judgement the
best interest of our country demands
Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded
through the proper channels to His Excellency President Davis,
Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston and His Excellency Gov. Milton of
Florida and that they also be published in the Gainesville Cotton
States, Tallahassee Floridian and Journal and Atlanta Register.
After the resolutions had been passed Capt. R. B. Smith
who has just recovered from a severe wound received at Missionary
Ridge, was called upon for a speech and he spoke at some length
with such fire and pathos that it had a telling effect upon the
command. The 7th Fla. Regt. may now be looked upon as one of the
best regiments in the army. At night our company serenaded Capt.
Smith who came out of his hut and made some very complimentary
remarks to us.

Feb. 9th: Nothing worthy of note, but a clear fine day. Cold at
night.










page twenty-eight

Feb. 10th: Cold and windy all day. I see in the papers that 18
Yankee gun boats and transports have arrived at Jacksonville,
Fla. and have landed a large force at that place. I suppose they
intend to overrun the state.

12th: Very cold last night but warm and pleasant today. The
papers state that the Yankees have advanced as far as Baldwin,
Fla.

13th: The most of our Regiment went to town and serenaded Gen'1
Brackenridge who is about to leave for Virginia to take command
of some troops in that state. He made a splendid speech in which
he said that he regretted very much that he had to part with his
old friends the Florida troops. He complimented them highly for
their bravery, etc.

Sunday 14th: Cold and a misty rain all day. Brigade inspection
in morning.

15th: Rainy and warm. The Yankees appear to be advancing for we
have a strong picket guard on the Knoxville R. Road. At Dalton
they are exchanging prisoners, among them is a Yankee woman who
is wounded in the thigh. She is dressed in men's clothing and
goes by the name of "Tom". Some of our boys asked her why she
was in the army in men's clothing. She said that the "Rebels"
had killed her brother and beau and that she wanted revenge. She
was wounded at the battle of Chicamauga. The weather cleared off
in the afternoon but very cold.

16th: Wind from the north and very cold.

17th: Very cold last night and today.

18th: Cloudy and very cold.

19th: Very cold last night and today, the coldest weather we had
had this winter.

20th: Cold and unpleasant but not so cold as it has been.

Sunday 21st: Snow in morning but cleared off and we had a clear
and pleasant day. Brigade inspection in forenoon. Cloburn's
division passed here today enroute for Mobile. The papers state
that the Yankees have done a great deal of damage in Florida.
William Keane of the 3rd Fla. Regt. is to be shot for desertion
on the 26th of this month. He stayed at home 18 months and made
his brags that he could not be taken for he carried a double
barreled gun wherever he went but Gov. Brown of Georgia had him










page twenty-nine

taken and sent to his command. Keane liven in Georgia but joined
the Florida troops after deserting from a Ga. Regt. One of our
company talked with him today and he said that as soon as he was
out of the guard house he intended to run away again.
Unfortunate man he did not know at the time that he was condemned
to death. He is quite a young man, about 24 years of age, a fine
specimen of a man and looks well.

Feb. 22nd: At 9 PM just as I had turned in Capt Smith called all
hands to turn out and pack up and be ready to march or fight at a
moments warning. We got all ready and cooked 4 days rations of
corn meal. We had nothing else to cook. I got through at 12
midnight, the whole camps busy cooking and many selling out
bacon, syrup, sugar, potatoes, etc., at reduced prices. These
are things that they had got from home. I turned in a little
after midnight with a wretched headache and just as I got sound
asleep I was called for to turn in our tent flies and thus I was
humbugged until morning.

23rd: At 9 AM turned in our cooking utensils, only 3 ovens are
allowed to a company, all the rest have to be left behind. At 3
P.M. we fell in and marched to the front, formed line of battle
on a high hill near Buzzard's nest and about 3 miles from Dalton.
Our whole division is here guarding Taylor's Gap. We formed line
of battle at dark and as I felt very unwell spread my blankets
and turned in and just as I fell asleep we were ordered to fall
in and marched about 200 yards to the right and halted. I turned
in again and slept pretty well.

24th: I got up early feeling much better. At sunrise our Co.
and Co. C were ordered out as skirmishers. We marched to the
front and deployed on a ridge about 500 yds in front of our Div.
Al quiet until 1 PM when cannonading commenced in front and on
our right. At 4 PM Wheeler's cavalry about 2,000 strong and 4
pieces of artillery came in from the front and formed in 4 lines
on a hill in front of us. They had been skirmishing hard all the
forenoon but sustained no loss. Heavy firing with small arms on
our right at 5 P.M. At 5 1/2 PM the enemy advanced on us and our
cavalry fired one round at them when about 1,000 yds off and
retreated shamefully. We had to get behind trees and stumps to
keep from being run over by them. I have often heard that the
cavalry would not fight, but this is the first time that I have
seen them in battle and hope it will be the last if this is a
sample of their fighting. The enemy then directed their fire,
all small arms, at us, but did not hurt any of us. We were not
slow in returning it but with what effect I cannot say. A few
pieces of our artillery opened on them and drove them behind a
hill. about sunset their sharpshooters opened on us and are at










page thirty

it now and the bullets are flying around me in fine style -
there a bullet has just grazed my head so I must stop writing
and go to shooting. Firing ceased at dark but we were on the
lookout all night and did not get a wink of sleep. It was very
cold all night and no fire allowed. All was-quiet through the
night.

25th: Cold and foggy all morning, cold all day. At sunrise
commenced fighting and continued until 4 1/2 PM when our
ammunition gave out and as the enemy had a cross fire on us of
musketry, grape, shell, and canister we fell back in good order
amid a shower of grape and cannister to our brigade. We lost 4
men killed and 10 wounded, our company was very lucky having but
one man wounded. This was a heavy loss for the number engaged
for we had but 120 men and this a great deal more than the
average in a large battle. Our artillery then opened on the
enemy's batteries and there was continual roar for the balance of
the day. About 5 PM the Yankees charged a high hill on our right
but our boys repulsed them handsomely with great slaughter.
Tired and worn out as I was it made my heart leap for joy to see
the blue coated devils run and I felt as though I could pursue
them for miles without feeling tired, but they were not pursued.
After dark our Co. and 2 more companies that had been out
skirmishing with us went to work building breastworks in front of
us for we expected that the Yankees would attack us in the
morning. All the other troops had built breastworks while we
were out skirmishing. We turned to with a will and a hard job we
had for we had but one old dull axe to work with but we got
through about midnight and are quite satisfied with our work for
we have the best breastworks on the line. I turned in between
two of my companions and slept well although it was bitter cold.

26th: At 4 AM we were ordered to fall in. Very cold and blowing
very hard. The woods on our left, right, and front were on fire
and burned furiously all night. Some of our wounded men that we
could not get in on account of the Yankee sharpshooters were
burned up. At sunrise we moved a little to the right where there
was no breastworks which we thought very hard as we had been out
skirmishing for 36 hours and no sleep but we went to work with a
will and soon had a good breastwork although the Yankee
sharpshooters were firing at us all the time. Skirmishing all
day. Very cold through the night.

27th: Cold and windy all day, no Yankee in sight. At 12 1/2 PM
our cavalry went to the front. All quiet through the day.

Feb. 28th: A fine clear day. At 9 AM we were ordered to fall in
and we marched back to our old camps with light hearts and










page thirty-one

hooting at every cavalryman that we met calling them cowards,
etc. Our battle ground was at Taylor's Ridge, Comdg. Taylor's
Gap, a splendid position, very strong. Everything we left at
camps were stolen.

29th: Raining and unpleasant all day. Got a few of our cooking
utensils, only 3 Dutch ovens and 3 water buckets. We had at
least 12 ovens and several pots and camp kettles but they have
all disappeared. Mustered for pay in the afternoon.

march 1st: Raining all day. Drew a little whiskey in the
afternoon, one drink per man. Stopped raining at dark and turned
out very cold.

2nd: Cold and clear. Skirmish drill in forenoon and afternoon.

3rd: Skirmish drill in forenoon and inspection in afternoon. In
the afternoon a transfer for 17 of us came to go to the Navy and
there never was such a joyful lot of fellows as we were since the
war began. I sent a petition to the Secretary of Navy about a
month ago asking to be transferred from the army to the navy, in
fact I and many more have been trying to get transferred for over
two years and thank God have at last succeeded. The following is
a list of names transferred:

Robert Watson A. Murilao Rofeno Fallos
I.P. Williamson R. Bryson Wm. E. Lowe
Wm. O'Neil Jas. Barnett John Mason
Alfred B. Lowe Z. Dorey Josephus Mose
J. T. Lowe F. Dias M. Montes Decon
Chas Chapman Wm. Franlin

Capt. Smith was greatly put out at it for it leaves him with but
a remnant of a company.

4th: All hands busy today turning in our arms and ammunition,
accoutrements, canteens, haversacks, etc. I was busy all day
making out muster rolls and descriptive lists. Each man has to
be furnished with a descriptive list and we had no printed ones.
We are in hopes of getting off tomorrow.

5th: I was busy all day mending clothes and finishing
descriptive lists, etc. Finished all the writing, etc., but
could not get off today but will leave in the morning. We were
paid off in the evening. It is just two years today that we've
been in the Confederate Army and it has been two hard years for
us for we have had nothing but starvation, hard marching and
fighting and bare footed and ragged half the time.










page thirty-two

6th: Turned out at 4 AM, got breakfast and started for town at 5
AM, quite dark and cold. After waiting for some time succeeded
in getting our transportation and started in the oars at 7 1/4
AM. Capt. Smith goes with us. Stopped at Tilton, GA. for a few
minutes and at Resaca. This is a strongly fortified place.
Stopped for a few minutes at Calhoun, Adairsville, Kingston,
Cassville, Altona, Ackworth and Marietta. Bought a canteen full
of whiskey for $35.00 poor stuff at that. Passed through several
more places but did not know their names. Arrived at Atlanta at
4 PM, went to the Wayside Home registered our names, stowed away
our baggage and went to the Fair Ground Hospital to see our
wounded companion John Dupuy who was wounded at Taylor's Gap on
the 25th of Feby. He was in fine spirits and doing well.
Remained with him a short time and then took a cruise about town
but it being Sunday everything was at a standstill. Went back to
the Wayside Home and got supper which consisted of stale corn
bread, rice, and boiled beef and sage tea, after which we turned
in.

7th: At 2 AM turned out and went to the depot and started in a
few minutes and after stopping for a few minutes at numerous
small places arrived at Social Circle at daylight. Bought some
whiskey at $25.00 per quart, got a good breakfast and then took a
long walk about the place. It is a small village and a very
pretty place. We took dinner with Capt. Smith at his sister's
house. Her name is Mrs. Nebhut. We had a splendid dinner after
which quite a number of young ladies came and played on the piano
and sang songs for us until we started for the cars. It was the
pleasantest and happiest day that I have spent since I left my
happy home. The ladies were of the first families in the place,
very pretty and accomplished, and very agreable. Mrs. Nebhut is
one of the finest women that I ever saw. Started for Augusta at
sunset and the cars were so crowded that we had to stand up all
the time.

8th: Arrived in Augusta at 4 AM, here we remained until 1 1/2 PM
and then took another train. Went to the Way Side Home and got
an excellent breakfast and dinner. Started for Savannah at 1 1/2
PM and arrived at 7 PM. Went to the Way Side Home, stowed away
our things, got supper and took a long cruise about the city and
had a fine time for the small sum of $50.00 per man. Capt. Smith
was one of the party and of course we slept some where else and
not at the Way Side Home.

9th: At daylight I turned out and went to the W. S. Home, got
breakfast and spent the forenoon in walking about, drinking
brandy and looking for a good sword we wished to present to Capt.
Smith but could not find one suitable, so we concluded to present
him with $160.00 and request him to purchase one when he got a







8// 8th: Arrived at Augusta at 4 AM, here we remained until 1 1/2 PM and
then took another train. Went to the Way Side Home and got an excellent
breakfast and dinner. Started for Savannah at 1'4/2'PM and arrived'at.7 PM.
Went to the Way Side Home, stowed away our things, got supper and took a
S" long cruise about the city and had a fine time for the small sum of $50.00
per man. Capt. Smith was one of the party and of course we slept some where
else and not at the Way Side Home. '' .. .

&R 9th: At daylight I turned out and went to the W. S. Home, got breakfast
and spent the forenoon walking about, drinking brandy and looking for a good
sword we wished to present to Capt. Smith but could not fine one suitable,
so we concluded to present him with $180.00 and request him to purchase one we
he got a chance. We never told him a word about our intentions until.I met
him and addresses him as follows:
Capt. Smith, we. the 16 former members of your company now transferred
to the'navy, have tried in vain to purchase a sword for you as a token of
Respect and esteem that we have for you as a friend, a gentlemen, and as a
gallant and efficient officer, and should the present amotht $160.00 be in-
sufficient to purchase, a good one, for we want you to have'as good as a
'. sword as can be bought in the Confederacy, we request it as a right to let us
know what the balance'is and we will forward it to you.
Capt. Smith made a few appropriate remarks thanking us for the honor that we had
.conferred on him, etc. and assured us that he would do as requested and that
he would always wear it with pride, etc. We then went to.a bar room and took
Several drinks together and many toasts were darank and we had a very pleasant
time generally. Knocked about the city until 4 1/2 PM when we went on board
the C.S.PAM. Savannah and reported to our old friends, former members of Co..
K. who rejoiced to see us. There was a general shaking of hands and many questions
asked and answered by both.parties. We were too late fof supper so we went
0( without.. Turned in on the berth deck and it was so dreadful warm that-:I slept :
but little. At 12 midnight all hands were turned out to take in. wings for it
was raining and blowing very hard. After taking it in and getting wet I turned
in again and slept till morning.

'6 Mar. 10th: At daylight all hands were turned-out and soon after we got'
breakfast after which all hands turned to and worked until 1 PM getting a cannon
out that was bursted-:at the muzzle. Got it in shore after-a great deal of hard
work and humbugging and then got dinner, after which turned'to and cleaned up"
decks, etc. We then drew some small stores consisting of"tin cups, pans, thread
-nd soap. The soap is $7.30 per.bar. Capt. Smith came 'on board in afternoon and
bad ,,s farewell. He appeared much affected at parting and wished us success and
happines:."etc. Raining all night.

4 March llth, -Raining all the forenoon, took in awnings and.spread their. again
several times during the day. Joseph Bartlum came on board to see us. He had
been home on furlough and 'is now on his way back to his command. Jas. Barnett
Sand Chas. Chapman were transferred to the steamer Sampson today. The balance
S of us were assigned to the.3rd division.and.formed the crew of the two broadside
guns. After supper several songs were sung and then we turned in.

:' y l 12th: A clear and pleasant day. Hard at work nearly all day.

Sunday 13tht Preaching in 1-orning. I.wrote to my mother by flag of tr'
Quiet and pleasant day. Washed and scrubbed decks, ladders, ect. in morn- g..
hands dressed in clean clothes.. Thii.' we have to do every Sunday mornir.a out
scrubbing decks is sledom done on'the Sabbath but it couldn't. be. done yesterday
,all hauds were hard at work at the gun all day. Threelof the 7th'Fla. boys: came
Board to see us. They are on their way home on furlough, Warm nro pleasant..
o s ..





fit Nonday 14th: After breakfast all hands turned to taking in the new
gun and removing skids etc. Got through at 12 1/2 PM, got dinner, pork,
peas, and hard bread, good living to what we've been used to in the army.
) Worked a little in the afternoon.

Tuesday 15th: All hands washing clothes and working on the bow gun,
the carriage of which is being overhauled:and some work done to .it to make
it run easy. Worked hard all day. I drew a hanmock and clothes bag today.

'" Wednesday 16th: I am my chum Alfred Lowe went on shore after qrs
and I am sorry to say we got most gloriously drunk. When we went on shore
we met our 1st Boatswain's Mate and our Yeoman, both very fine men and
we went to a bar room and took several drinks together, each treating
several times, then we took a cruise about the city, went into several
houses of doubtful character and then got to drinking again. I spent
$55.00 which was all the money I had and the others spentLhs much each
or more than I'did, .for liquor is $2.00 per drink, measured out at that,
a little over half a gill to a drink.

'" Thrusday 17th: Felt very sick all day from the effects of the bad
Liquor I drank yesterday and must certianly say that I feel heartily
ashamed of myself for making such an ass of myself. Luckily for.me I
had sense enough left in'me to go on board in time and turn in. We had
l eave of absence till (torn) PM and got on board just in.time.
|' .. .
Friday March 18th: I feel much better today and have made up my mind :
to go; on no more sprees during the war. I drew some clothing today which
SI stood greatly in need of, 2-flannel shirts, 1 pr pants, 1 cap, and 1 mattress.
W ashed clothes':it forenoon and. fixed my hammock in afternoon. Drilled with
S small arms, Manard rifles which came very awkward to us at first for they
are'very short, but soon got used to them and drilled.very well. I was on'
watch from 8 PM to 12 midnight.

/L f i Saturday 19th: Nothing much done'today, the caulkers still .at work
caulking the gun deck. Numered our clothes bag in the afternoon. Pleasant
S all day, rd6eived a letter.from Lieut. W.. C. Maloney.. :.
"(A -: .. ": ':
; Sunday 20th: A very pleasant day. -.No preaching and nothing much to
do except swab decks etc. in morning.. ,

Monday 21st: Pleasant in morning, rather cbbl. Swabbed decks, moved
Small the hammocks:.on deck out of the caulkers way. Rained all the afternoon
and night, very' cold. Drilled at broadside guniin forenoon.

Pf'- Tuesday 22: Cold and raining all.day. Drilled in'forenoon at B.S. gun.
'/' Working on-and off. all,'day scraping decks and running chains and ropes on
.';* shore to secure the vessel as it is blowing hard. :

*/ :7' Wednesday 23rdl Very.cold all day. All hands at work raising the bow
Sgun and getting the carriage out of the way for the carpenters to work on the
deck, it being unleveled.

.: f Thrusday 24th: Very cold all day, not much to do. I worked part'of the
Sforenoon on an old stove and in the afternoon innde a slate frame for one-of ,ine
S officers. Just as we were all turned in for the night all. hands were called
to take in awnings, weather very qqually. .

. . ..*_ '- ,.--r .. .-
---, .---*:--F"'-- ... "- -- .'







Friday 25th: Raining in morning and everything wet and unpleasant. The
spar deck le~akq badly, it is iron clad and cannot be caulked without taking
th iron off, which is not likely to be done. Carpenters still at'.iork, very
slow workmen. At 12 midnight all hands called to take in awnings, blowing
heavy from the N.W. .

Saturday 26th: Blowing a stiff breeze from the W.S.W., all.hands at
f work holy stoning the decks, scrubbing paint work and hammocks. In the
afternoon all hands were mustered on the spar deck to hear the sentence of
Harry Burns read. lie had been court martialed for striking an officer on
Christmas night last and was sentenced by'court martialed to be shot to
death with musketry, but the president had reprieved him and reduced him to
the rate of a landsman. He was a quartermaster at the time of the fuss. It
appears that he and others on board Christmas night broke into the spirit
room and got a lot of liquor and got drunk and were very bpd noisey. The
officers armed themselves and came among them and ordered .them to stop the
noise, but this made them worse and Burns struck one of the officers and
cursed them all. They were all put in irons and kept on the spar deck for
several days and nights and it was bitter cold. They had'to sit on the cold
iron which nearly killed them. At last the doctor interferred and told the
captain that it would kill them if they were kept there any longer. "'They were
sent on.-shore to jail. I was on watch from 8 P1 to 12 midnight. A.beautiful
clear moonlight night.

:vlml? Sunday 27th: A beautiful day and nothing to do. I wrote a letter to my
old friend G. W. Edwards in Co. K. and several more for men that could not
write themselves. Preaching in the afternoon by Mr. Fairfax, the sailing
S master. .. .)i.:. -.

Monday 28th: All hands washing clothes. Cloudy in the forenoon and
railinng in the afternoon. Fiddling and dancing at night.'

-^ Tuesday 29: Cloudy and raining during the day. "I was on picket in
Suard .boat last night. We had to pull 4 miles and got on shore several times.
At 10 PM a stiff breeze sprang up and continued to blow hard all night
S and very pold. At-12 AM pulled on shore where there'is a picket guand and
built a fire. Remained there until 5 AM when we started for the Ram.

f Wednesday 30: Arrived on board at 6 1/2 AM. We had to pull against a *'.
strong tide and head wind. Got breakfast.and slept nearly all day for I did
Snot close my eyes all night it being to cold to sleep. Fiddling and dancing
at night.

vt Thrusday 31: All hands scrubbing and holy stoning secks, etc. We get
SI (torn) now for there is none in Savannah but we (torn) rice instead which is
not half cooked and no salt in it, but this 'is the fault of the cooks. Nearly
all hands are growling and saying that the rice is making them blind but I
/ say nothing for I have not yet forgotten the hard times that I've had .in the
army. .... ..

.IFriday, April 1st 1864: All fool's day and mant a trick was played the -
Smen on each other. I was on watch last night, a fin' clear night. A hands
S busy today holy stoning decks and.washing clothes, etc. Lieut. Carns who
was officer of the deck last night while I was- on watch asked me-"if I knew
any seamen in Johnson's army. I told him that I would give him a list of
names in the morning. '

.. U >A l:'.* ,'.- .-






V Saturday 2nd: Lieut. Camns started today for Johnston's army, and I
- ,. gave him a list of names including 7 in Co. K so there .is some hopes .of the
poor fellows getting out of the army at last. Fiddling, dancing and singing
at night. 1I have been busy for the last day cutting type for the boys so
that they can mark their clothes, for there is the greatest set of theives
on board that I ever saw.. If one puts a thing down and turns.his back it. is
gone.

Sunday 3rd: General muster in the morning. The captain had a man put
F7 in double irons for walking in a swaggering manner, but he is a bad man and
all the officers are down on him. He was one of the men that got drunk and
abused the officers on Christmas night and is one of the most disagreeable
men that I ever saw. .

SMonday 4th: Raining all day, very high tides. The ship yard that we are
lying'at is overflowed every high tide. :

l' Tuesday 5th: All hands washing clothes, got the forward gun bapk in place
i and it works well. Pleasant day. .

6t Wednesday 6th: I did some carpenter's work in (torp) but I don't know
T how they have found (torn) I am a carpenter. But I do not intend to (torn).
for them for I did not ship for carpenter (torn) ordinary seaman.

'/ i Thrusday 7th: All hands holy stoning.and scrubbing decks, etc..
'" : '"- .
... t Friday 8th: Pleasant day, not much to do.. Took some provisions on board
S in afternoon. I was on watch from 12 midnight to 4 AM. '

Saturday 9th: Raining and blowing all day.

Sunday 10th: Hammocks and gratings taken on shore and all hands at-work
scrubbing decks, etc. No preaching today.
: 3!. "
Monday 11th: In the afternoon manned.two boats and stood in a lot of ladies
and officers and pulled about harbor and down to floating battery. -Got back .
to the Ram at 7 1/2 PM feeling very tired fot we were pulling from 2 AM'till
7 PM. It may be very fine sport for them to.be pulled about.but not very. p
to us. Drilled in morning. .. '

.Tuesday 12tht Drilled in forenoon with small arms. .. .; : ,
: .o ," : *..... :
Wednesday 13th: Drilled in morning, holy stoning decks, etc' I worked.
the balance of the day making a box for Capt. Pickney.' He leaves tomorrow
for another station. All hands are glad he is going for he is very much disliked
by the most of the crew. In the afternoon several of us went up town to the
naval store and drew a pair of shoes each.
1
Thrusday 14th: Drilled in morning. Worked all day making a frame for a
small steam engine. Rain in afternoon..

Friday 15th: Rained all night and in the morning. Worked all day on the
S frame. At night 7 men from Johnson's army came on board with our doctor and
more are coming in the morning with Lieut." Carnes. One of Co. K is among t
number, He says that there are only three men left in the company, the ..iance
have all been transferred and gone to Columbus Ga.





Saturday 16th: Quite cool in forenoon. I worked nearly all day on the
frame. The balance of the transferred meh and Lieut, Carnes came on board in .
forenoon. Rain in afternoon and all night. I am mess cook this week, each men
in a mess takes his turn and cooks for a week and as bad luck turns will have
S it for a week, the ship is so much cr6wded.with men that we can hardly turn
around. Teh new comers are formed in messes and as they have no cooking things
they mUdi: use ours which gives the mess cooks twice as much work as usual.

Monday 18th: A lot of new-men went off today to another vessel. Mess
cooks busy all forenoon scrubbing decks, mess chests, etc. Raining all day,
very unpleasant."' "

Tuesday 19th: Mess cooks all busy holy stoning berth deck and mess
chests. Fifty of the new comers went to the floating battery Georgia in afternoon
which leaves about twenty of them here. They are now assigned to this.vessel.
One of our boats went down the river in the morning after' dsters, two midship-
men and four men went with her. They got a boat load and went on shore and
built a fire and while they were opening and eating Roberj!Brys6n and another
man sneaked off and deserted and have gone to Fort Pulaski to the Yankees. The
boat sis not get back to the: ship till next morning. I was on watch from 12
midnight to 4 AM. Very cool for this season.

S Wednesday 20th: At daylight our boat came back to the ship and confirmed
S the report about the two men deserting, they had remained.:with the boat and
Searched all about for the two men thinking tha tt they mayi have got lost in the '
swamp, but after waiting until nearly daylight then they were satisfied that:" .
they had deserted, so they started and came back to.the ship. Brysot was transferred
from our company with me, am greatly surprised at his desertion from the navy
i where he had plenty to eat and little to do. (torn) of a chance to desert while *A
Sin the army. (torn) starved, half naked and marched nearly to (torn).

I ;' .Fr April 22: Drill in morning. Pleasant day.

Saturday 23: Holy stoning decks in morning., My (torn) out tonight and-*
I am very glad of it for it is very warm. -.

,' Sunday 24th: Rain in morning. Sand flies very bad in the evening.

S. Monday 25th: All hands washing clothes in morning. Pleasant day. Made
myself a cap during the day.

S Tuesday 28th: Drilled at B.S. gun in morning and at small arms in afternoon.
i 'On watch all night. -

Wednesday 27th: All hands busy painting the ship with coal tar and a very
dirty job it was. .

I Thrusday 28th: Washing and scrubbing decks in the morning, in the afternoon
: our two boats were manned and took a lot of ladies out pulling. It began to
rain soon after we started and all hands got a good ducking. It was glad of it
and hope it will sicken the ladies of boating for a while at least. It is very.fine
sport for them to be pulled about for miles but very hard work for us. Rained
'all day.

'. Friday 29th: All hands scrubbed their hammocks in the morning, drille-
in forenoon. .Very cool and damp all day.



T ... .




Full Text

PAGE 1

Digitized with the permission of the FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD SOURCE DOCUMENT ADVISORY Digital images were created from printed source documents that, in many cases, were photocopies of original materials held elsewhere. The quality of these copies was often poor. Digital images reflect the poor quality of the source documents. Where possible images have been manipulated to make them as readable as possible. In many cases such manipulation was not possible. Where available, the originals photocopied for publication have been digitized and have been added, separately, to this collection. Searchable text generated from the digital images, subsequently, is also poor. The researcher is advised not to rely solely upon text-search in this collection. RIGHTS & RESTRICTIONS Items collected here were originally published by the Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida National Guard for additional information. The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to content originating with the Guard. DIGITIZATION Titles from the SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series were digitized by the University of Florida in recognition of those serving in Florida's National Guard, many of whom have given their lives in defense of the State and the Nation.

PAGE 2

FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS Special Archives Publication Number 132 CIVIL WAR DIARIES ROBERT WATSON AND SAMUEL LOWRY State Arsenal St. Francis Barracks St. Augustine, Florida

PAGE 3

STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL POST OFFICE BOX 1008 STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE 32085-1008 These Special Archives Publications are produced as a service to Florida communities, historians and any other individuals, historical or geneaological societies and both national and state governmental agencies which find the information contained therein of use or value. They are automatically distributed to all official Florida State archival records depositories. At present, only a very limited number of copies of these publications are produced. They are provided to certain state and national historical record depositories and other public libraries and historical societies at no charge. Any copies remaining are given to other interested parties on a first come, first served basis. Information about the series is available from the Historical Services Division, Department of Military Affairs, State Arsenal, PO Box 1008, St. Augustine, Florida 32085. Robert Hawk Director

PAGE 4

FLORIDA STATE DBPOSITORIES State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are available to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary loan, subject to each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries that are obligated to give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be directed to the nearest depository. Bay Vista Campus Library (1982) *State Library of Florida (1968) Documents Department Documents Section Florida International University R. A. Gray Building North Miami, Florida 33181 Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0250 Brevard County Library System (1968) Stetson University (1968) 308 Forrest Avenue Dupont-Ball Library Cocoa, Florida 32922-7781 Deland, Florida 32720-3769 Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968) 100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North Jacksonville, Florida 32211 *Central Florida Regional Lib. System (1972) 15 Southeast Osceola Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County (1968) Ocala, Florida 32671 Public Library System 900 North Ashley Street *Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602 Library P. O. Box 3092 *University of Central Florida (1968) Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library Post Office Box 25000 *Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666 Documents Section Tamiami Campus Library -Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968) Miami, Florida 33199 Documents Department Gainesville, Florida 32611 *Florida State University Library (1968) Documents -Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968) Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications P.O. Box 248214 *Jacksonville Public Libraries (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124 122 North Ocean Street Jacksonville, Florida 32202-3374 *University of North Florida Library Documents Division (1971) Lee County Library System (1991) Post Office Box 17605 2025 Lee Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216 Ft. Myers, Florida 33901-3989 *University of South Florida (1968) *Miami-Dade Public Library System (1968) Library -Special Collections 101 West Flagler Street 4204 Fowler Avenue Miami, Florida 33130-1523 Tampa, Florida 33620 Northwest Regional Library System (1968) University of West Florida (1968) 25 West Government Street Documents -John Pace Library Panama City, Florida 32402 Pensacola, Florida 325145750 Orange County Library District (1968) Volusia County Library Center (1990) 101 East Central Boulevard City Island Orlando, Florida 32801 Daytona Beach, Florida 32114 St. Petersburg Public Library (1968) West Palm Beach Public Library (1968) 3748 Ninth Avenue, North 100 Clematis St. Petersburg, Florida 33713 West Palm Beach, Florida 33401

PAGE 5

404V .: *roil.no ..i Let i: Xicr;^ c 0 'cbar4^ *a o I·.*: Cfc;AT R iY Oopiod from oriltU'ai loai'ed by Irs. C;aro1ina Elizaboth' -( n 0.atson) Hittrick (4046ba) .reproduced by FLORIDA STATE ARCHIVES Key t'est eptombor 27th 1861 DEPARTMENT OF STATE R. A. GRAY BUILDING 6wing to the political affairs of the country and T see, Florida 3230O "ederal troops having possession of this plnac., and a it is rather unsafe for a southorn man to live hore, I have determined to loave in disgust, conse:uontly I left today in the schooner Lady Bannorman for the ahTan:a Tslands, in company ith Canflold,Sawyor, Lone and sevor'a' othors. The schoonor hon o;\ bc:'rd 5. pasong:ers in all, the r:ost -f which are *-omren and children. S;und:.y 2. Arrived at De.y Hondfa t 9 oeu3cc. AM!\, all hands5 bright,.'. atyer, Alfred Lowor Cr fi. .:t.nd other;:-.t on shore catch crnas whilo I stayod on board -akE:ng love to .izs L,, -Got under way about 2 o'clock PI and .r.rive-' at ;nji.hts Key a-.v C. o'clock 7., and ca:e to achor. :londay 29 Got under way S o'clock ALI and arrived at Indian Key at 12 C'clock l:., landod, I 'ind ý;c'.leston Curry fot a lot whisky, all handa took a drink and proco'dcd on our voyage. 30 Head wind and hoovy coa in the Gulf. Oct 1 H.oad wind .and very rough, all of the fte.le passengers tsa oick, vary sorry for thoi.. Oct 2 !'ade the Oran:wioys ab.ut 3 o'clock ?'J with a fair i'nd, vns grently ralrmod about 10 o'clocK to h,;.r the confusion on dock, carried awaythe. ib and forOati. also tho fora crosstree. t.3 : Laid to off 3Sandy iey and got a lot of conchs

PAGE 6

and as my appotite was very koun I ate many conchs, stor:od conch,friod conch and roaSt conch .an tapered off on .rum. 'as taken very sick in the night with the cholora morbus. Oct 3 Arrived at Green Turtle Key about 10 o'clock PU, went on shore got something to eat and drink, careon board in high spirits owing no doubt to the strength of 'r. Kichael Harris's brandy. Oct 4 rent on shore and was taken very sick with the Oct 5 cholera morbus, thought I would die, but recovered to.day, feeling very wdaM. Oct 6 Started toduy at 12 o'cldck i for Harbor Island, stopped at Groat Harbor 8 o'clock PU and larnded several passengers. Oct 7 Went on chore this :norning to have a look at G. Harbor and came to the conclusion that it was a misorable hole and went on board about 12 o'clock .' and proOct 8 coeded on our voyage for Harbor Islond at which place we arrived at on Thursday. Oct. 1S Went on shore e:nd stayed until Saturday the 14th when I started with :r. Canfield for Nassau in an old sloop ,uith a no:zro capt. and crow. Arrived in 1assau on Sunday the 15th. S.toped at Spanish rells on our passage down and saw several of my Key :est acquaintances. I forgot to mention that I left my brother George,Alfred Lowe and :-.r. Sawyer at !Harbor Island. Took board at the American house at $1.00 per day Oct 15 and stayed hero for oight days waiti:ng for a chance to got to the main land of Florida, also to meet Sewyer and Lowe, they promised to be here in a few days Oct 23 after we left, but after waiting for oight

PAGE 7

dcys wo pot tired of 'a:sau and i.'..iz, iLh.'tt cur .oc:'itL iifre t. ting low w''. oViigaed' to .ork 'our p:.ssa.e:a i, an old lo:-ky schuonor bound for Jacksonville, "'la. SLartod this :fornilrn for Jorman's ,und for a load ,of salt. Oct 24 Calm all day and one ma:. sick. Oct 25 Calms and hei;d wind all day. Oct 26 Li;ht -?inds arn one moro man sick, both with fever, l14;vingonly the captain and one m.te, Canfiold an.! myself to work the vessel. Oct 28 Arrivod at the :ond this day at 2 o'clock PFI, came to anchor,furled sails and cleared decks. Oct 29 Got up early this morning and put up bulkhoads for stowing the salt and commenced taklin:: the salt at 8 o'clock, worked until after dark, ate supper and turned in. Oct 30 The captain *wa:; taken down oith the fevor this morning but we managed to got loaded by n.liht. Oct 31 Got under way this morning bound to N2issau to ship two more men. Nov 1 Arrived today at 3 o'clock a.n and found that my brother had left Harbor Island tho day before also that Sawyer, Lowe and Marcus had loft for Key 'est on the 21st of Oct. Canfiold and myself shi-:pod two men for tho Capt. who did not go ashore. Called on my several ac:uaintances in Nassau, took my tools on board ;-.nd then went on shoro to h, ve a little s,roe. Nov 2 Got undur way -it 8 o'clock !A and startod for Jacksonville, 'la. and as I did not -'rite in Cmy journyal during the voya-c, I shall state the procseodin:s in as feawor-s as possible, it is as follows: two ;:ie in a -,atch, one :would sLoor two houre and the other puntp every hal; hour, and than rali-,,ve

PAGE 8

the one :t the ':hoel rn, lt hi;: pu:;:: for t-o hours, .very iitl~i squall our sails would split .ad ro,~es give vay and thon all h:;nds would be bur;y for three or four hours at a ti.6e. Our food consisted of rice and salt pork very poorly cooked at that. At last the joyful cry of "land ho" was sung out froi; the mast hoa'.d and w: ca:c.e up to the St. Johns bar on :'ednosday. Nov 12 Saw a steamboat coming down the river and all hands wore joking about the blockade, but we soon cihngod our tune for on looking to leeward wo saw a large steamship comning for us with all steam on, then we saw that our only hope was to run her throuch tho breakers 'hich was done and I really thought the old schooner was goin~; to pieces. 'Thilo she was thumping the steramor w;:s.firing at us but luckily her shoz: fell short, the nearest one fell about 250 yards atarer of us. The str. knocked off her false keel and then went over into dilp vnwator loa'-ing very bad. Came to anchor at L';ayport at 5 o'clock and was very much surprised to see Channcy L. Hatch stop on board, he was very much surprised to meet us and very much pleased at the samo time. He belongs to Shuto's l attery NIov 13 Called on !Hatch at his c.uirters and found him in very comfortable quartors and his mnss r:L-tos :re very fine younr mein. Took dinnjrr wi th him r:.nd .~ont back to the schooner, got undir way and procoode on our way up the river. Nov 15 M.ado fast at Capt. Miller's wharf r t one o'clock today. Jacksonville. "'ent on shore and took board with irs. Donaldson at $5.00 pir week, took my clothes and tools to her house. i"ov 20 Started in the cars for Lake City today i.nd on stopping atnaldwin, one of the statio; s on Lhe -4-

PAGE 9

ro.d, I was very cl,,d t m :ost :r. r.ulru.i *r. a.nd altu ;a ..ey. .'hey ;.oe on .t-.ir w.:y to 'all.Ah.sooe via Lako Cl .y on ith si.:'. cars with mo. When wo got t') Lako C01y x-,e leornid thut c:alt. Costo -jas at Tallahas.;Go anid Lr. :ulrennan persu-.dcAd rn to ?,o up th.ro a:.d seo hi:as woll an the 63 Koy '".'esL s.acksmen th.t ware prisoners at that place. So I went with them next dny Nov 21st and arrived at 12 o'clock I'. Took board at the .City Notel at 2.00 per day and then went up to the Court House to see my Key 7West friends. They were very much astonished to see me for they all thought that I was in the .-ihamas. I stayed in this place four days passing all of my time with the boys at the Court Jouso. Capt. Sosto told mo not to ongage myself to any person or company as he expected to have charge of a steamer in the Confederate service and that he would give. mo a good situation on board of her. : Nov 25 Capt. Costo and mysolf left for Lake City today where we arrived at 2 o'clock P'1, stayed with him at his cousin's house, i,!r. 'Washington Ives. Nov 26 Left for Jacksonville at 2 o'clock in company with the Key West boys as far as Baldwin at which place we separated, they for Cedar Keys and I and Capt. Coste for. Jacksonville where we arrived at 7 o'clock PE. Nov 27 Saw a stoa;mor coming in to the wharf and Canfield and myself went down to hear the news and judog of our surprise to see Mr. Sawyer, Harcus (?) (Olivevus) and Alfred Lowa step on shore for we thought that they wore in Key ';est for we were told in Nassau that they had gone back to that place. -5 -

PAGE 10

They hpd been landed at Cape Florida nnd walked ?.nd boated it from there to Entorpriso and there took a stoamner for Jacksonville where I met then. Nov..28 Lowe, ~Marcus and I went to St. Johns bar on a visit to Hatch,. Nov 29 stayed there with him until Sunday when we hired a couple of men to pull us up to Jacksonville. Dec 1 ' e started from Ilayport Hills at 3 o'clock PMi and arrived at 9 1'clock Pr, wont on shore took a good stiff horn of brandy and went to bed. Dec 2 Capt. Costa still in Jacksonville but leaves tomorrow for Tallahassee via Lake City. Wants us to remain hero until we hear from him for he wants us to go with him in a steamboat that he expects to have charge of. Cnnfield shipped in the schr Olive Branch at 950.C0 per month to run the blockade between this place and Nassau, N.P. Dec 7 ,7e remained in this place until Saturday the 7th without anything worthy of note when a :.r. K.B.Smith sent for me in the evening.I called on him and he told me that Mr. 1ulrennan had sent him to try and ship ,m together with Olivevus Barcus, Alfred Lowe and ;m. Sawyer in the Coast Guard of which he Ir. Sm'ith was master's mate. Mulronnan 1st. Lt. Talter maloney 2nd Lt. Wagos for privates 20.00 per month. I told him that I would consult the rest of the party and give him an answer in -6t--,-.,....-. .--

PAGE 11

the morning. T took a drink with hi;, bade him good night and left. Saw the rest of the party and they agreod to ship. Dec 8 Called on ir. Smith this morning and told him that we would ship with him. Ho told me that we must be ready to go to Cedar Keys next morning and gave me a certificato to show the conductors of the road and wo would get thru at half price. Dec 9 Left this place at 84 o'clock for Cedar Keys, arrived at Baldwin where we changed cars for Cedar Keys and after stopping at numerous places we arrived at our dostination at 5 o'clock P2. Maot.Vr. Pulrennan and a lot of the Key 'lest smacksmen, reported ourselves to Lt. :ulrennan who took us up to the hotel that he was stopping at. We took supper and slept with him that night. Dec 10 Took up my quarters with the smacksman who lived like fighting cocks. Dec. 11 Lt. Mulrennan told me that I must'sond for my tools which I left in Jacksonville so I wrote to the landlady that I left them with and enclosed 71.00 to pay for cartage. lade arrangements with the conductors on the road to bring them through and the freight would be paid on delivery. Dec 13 Reed a letter from Jacksonville informing me that my tools wore shipped according to order but they did not come to hand. Lt, idulrennan took us before Judge Steelo and we were sworn into the service of the State of "lorida and of the Confederate 3tates of America. He came to our quarters this evening and told all hands that whoever was willing to join the Coast Guard must be 7

PAGE 12

ready by 12 o'clock noxt day but I am sorry to say th.at not one of the party would join, they wished to go to Key West. Dec 14 Loft Codar Keys in the sloop Ocoola for Clear Water Harbor at 4 o'clock ?. and arrived at 3 o'clock P? 15th inst. Called on Gus Archer, Dick .ars, John Lowe and some more ey-:.'eost unfortunates. They were all very glad to see us and troetod.us like brothers. Dec 16 ialked five miles out in the country to got a cart to take our bageage to Tampa. Saw the owner of the cart who promised to take us through next day but that he would-have to tako our things to his place that night in order to make an early start in the morning. "ont on board, packed up our baggageo put them in the cart and walked back to his house after bidding our friends good bye. We slept at his house. Dec 18 Turned out at.4 o'clock A'., got breakfast and started for Tampa, a distance of 35 miles, arrived at Tampa at 5 o'clock ahead of the party, for on the road I met a Lethodist minister, who, seeing that I was very tired very kindly took me through in his buggy, the rest of the party arrived about one hour later. We wont to the house occupied by the rmeombrs of the Coast Guard and took our quarters with them. Found that Lt. .aloney and twelve men were on a cruise down the bay in the sloop Cate Dale, they arrived today and we reported oursolvus to him. He told us that he would send us to Point Panollas in a few.days, that point being our station for the present. Called on Messrs. Crusoe, Jandrill, Kemp and other Key Westers who are living in Tampa. -8*.:;.c* * ' -0

PAGE 13

Dec 21 Took our thinCs on board of one of our boats, a 14 oar boat andstarted at 9 o'clock A. for "oint Panellas where we arrived at 44 o'clock. Dec 22 Lt. M'aloney and mysolf left this place :t 3 O'clock PM for Tampa but we had not cone but a few miles when it fell a dead c;al.m *~nd vw had to pull for Gadson's Point, a distance of 15 miles. T"hen so got there we anchored theo boat and la.id down on the oars andtried to get a nap but it was such an uncom:fortable bed that wecould not get any sleep and about an hour 1 lator , 11 o'clock P?, alight breezo sprung up and wve got under way and arrived at 1 O'clock A'. Dec 23 Bagan a clothes chest for my trunk is us4 up. Dec 24 Launched our second boat and had a jolly tlw:e of it. "tt Post trquosted Lt. Aaloney to name her iollio lost which was done. He brought down a lot of whisky and we launched the boat with Lr. Crusoe and little ollioe Post in her. When the boat nw in the water ;r. (;rusoe gave us a short but very appropriate speech after which wo all took a drink, and after supper went earonading and got gloriously tight on egg nogg. Doc 25 Took dinnor with Kr. Rickards and a splnndid dinner it was. TWe spent a very areeable day at his house and at night he had nome of the best egg nogg I ever drank. Dec 27 All hands left today in our boat for our station where we arrived at 4 o'oclock .M. Dec 29 1r. Smith began drilling us today 'or the first time and the most of the party ,ont through Lho facings very well. -9-

PAGE 14

Dec 30 Sunday, washing clothes and making wash tubs out of whiskey barrels. Dec 31 The guard at the point reported a boat coming. up the coast. .e manned the boat and went after her, she proved to be a friend. Tent back and drilled. 7orked nearly all day building palmetto shanties. Some of the ca;mp hunting and fishing, oystering, claming & etc. & etc. Thus ends the old year 1861 and may the. year 1862 be a more peaceable and happy year to us all and may the Southern States prosper in all its undertaking, gain its independence and be a prosperous, hapry and powerful nation, and may we all return to our happy homes and firosides is my prayer. Amen. R. ":atson. Point Pinollas 3tation January 1st 1862, Fort Buckley. New Years day, all hands in good health and spirits, working on the palmetto shinties, but who can tell where we will be next New Years day? The day ended as usual, with a drill. Jan 2 I was on guard on the point all day watching the blockading bark, got back to camp too lato to drill. Jan 3 While drilling this afternoon, the guard from the three miles distant from the camp, reported a boat coming along the coast, One boat was manned and wont after her. She proved to be a boat from Cloarwator Harbor, Gus Archer on her. l!r. Smith fired one shot at her which brought her to, got some soft soap from them as we were out of soap. Jan 4 Some of us fishing, others hunting. Drilled after dinner. A boat was reported coming toward the bayou where we are stationed. One boat was manned, all armed with muskets. Mr. Smith fired on shot across her bow. She proved to be the Cate Dale with Lt. Y:aloney and two recruits on board. No -1'0-

PAGE 15

news of importance except an account of a battle at Louisburg, 300 prisonors taken by our troops. .fter supper we all sat around the ca':p fire playing music, singing, dancing, spinning yarns & otc until 10 o'clock ?P when I went to bed. Sunday 5 Began my morning devotions by washing ten pieces of clothes, on guard tonight, everthing quiet all night. Jan 6 Thirteen of us went to ".aximore place to build palmetto quarters. Arrived there at 11 o'clock At nnd commenced work. The mosquitos were very thick in the first part of the ovening and it was very warmn but about 11 o'clock it was so cold and damp that we could not sleep. Our.beds consisted of a few palmettos spread on the ground and a blanket spread over them. Jan 7 -Yorked all day on the quarters, cutting poles, palmottos, and putting thoe up. Dug a well which coved in as soon as it was dug. Got supper, stood guard and all quiet through the night. Jan 8 Finished the house today. Cut and put on board a load of palmettos and pulled up to our camp, a distance of five miles. Got home safe and finding the boys drilling. Sent my trunk and all of my fine clothes up to 1Lr. Crusoe at Tampa. .r. Smith and John Bothell started for Tampa at 51 PM, also ..r. Thomas Russell who had been detained by Lt. Maloney, ha had stopped at the station on his way to Clear,.ater Harbor but as he had no pass fror; the comdg. offic6r at Tampa he was; detained as a prisoner and so-nt to Tampa. No boat or person is allowed to leave Tampa without a pass -11-

PAGE 16

and our comdg. officer has orders to datain all. boats and persons without said pass. 'Jrn 9 At roll call this morning Lt. 1aloney told us that the following named persons would be the crows of the boats, viz: in the Vollie Post, Saml. Ashby, box. Josoph cole; John Allison; Chas. Chapman; J.3. Collins; Chas. Comb; Alfred Lowe; -arcus Olioviers; Augustus ;urilac; Chas. -iller: J.W. Talbut; Willianm .awyer; Robert Watson; J.D. Sands: Peter Williams; G.W. Smith: Edward Dorsey: Cook. In the TMary Jane Chas.Berry, Cox; Jule Chabot Benj. Albury; Thos. Burns; Thos. Butler; Jno. Bethol; Jas. Barnett; G. W7. Sdward; William Franklin; R. Falley; Saml. organ; ..S .Joysolyn (sic); Eenj. Swain; G.V. nickards; John Worrison; Chas. Anderson cook. 'Yont over in the mollie post to marenda's place and cut and t our14 oars1 Got a lot of mullets vThilo over there and arrived .at camp at 4 o'clock P?, took dinner, cleaned runs & etc, after supper played music, sang a few songs, smoked our pipes and turned in for the night. Jan 10 Nothing worthy of remark today except that some of the boys wounded a deer but did not get it. Shot 1 rattlesnako and brought it to camp. At night caught a lot of fish. Nothing to eat for supper but mush, all the roet of the provisions being out for several days. Jan 11 Very foggy this morning, some of the boys have gone hunting, others fishing, clamr:iing, oystering & etc. all.of which came home empty handed except those who went oystoring. They brought in a fine lot of oysters. Provisions very scarce. Jan 12 -12-

PAGE 17

Jan 12 Mr. .mith ca:e fronm Tampa today bringing us the news that Lt..ulrennan was promotod to captain, also that there had been a battle fought at :eaufort and that our army had defeated the Lincoln ary and run them on board of their ships. Lt. iaaloney went up to Taipa today in the Cate Dale. Mr. S. brought us ten days provisions which was very acce;-tablo as we have had nothing to eat for the last four days but corn mral .nd whatever we could catch in shape of game or fish, all of which had to be boiled for the want of grease. Slept about four hours today, it being Sunday and having been on guard last night, all quiet during the night. Jan 13Commenced a palmetto house for the officers, cut the frame and put it up, also the pulmotto leaves wero cut and brought to the framee. Some of us were pliying music, others were playing cards, dancing, slnging,..& etc in the evening when we were startled by the report of a gun. All hands rushed for their arms and ammunition. Mr. Smith ordered tho boats to be manned which was done in a hurry. We pulled out of the bayou and discovered the Cate Dale ashore on the bank. Lt. ,.alonoy had fired the gun for assistance. '~e took a line from her and pulled her off and towed her in to our quarters. Yr. Crusoe came down in her to pay us a visit, they brought no news of importance. 'oent to bed at 9 o'clock PL feeling very tired and slooepy for I had worked hard all day. Sverthing quiet through the night. Jan 14 .orked all day thatching the house. Nothing worthy of remark, took place during the day. In the afternoon we drilled' and ir. S5ith and two man made proparations to go on a cruise to i'ullet Key to have a look at the block-13-

PAGE 18

ading bark. They started at 7 o'clock 1:~. I was on guard at niht and felt very unowll owing to a bad cold, No excitemont through the ni Zht. Jan 15 Worked all day flooring thofficer's quarters which was finished by night. No drill today owing to the absence of Lir. Smith who arrived from !Zullet K~ey at 7 o'clock PH. Hle.ado no discoories of importance. ;.r. Crusoe killed a fine deer in the forenoon. No excitement durhing the night. Jan 16 r/ashing and mending clothes, trimming oars and etc, drilled in the afternoon. `as around from asound sleep at 2; o'clock AM by the beating of the drum. Turned out taking my musket, revolver and ammunition and formed in line with the rent of the men, all of us wondering what .~as up. Lt. 2.aloney called the roll after which he examined and then informed us that ve could go to be a:-ain as he had alarmed us for the purpose of seeing how quick we could be ready for action. I turned in again and had just fell asleep when the guard gave the alarm that a boat was corming into the bayou. We all snatched our arms and oere ready in short order,thon marched down to the beach. The boat prooved to be from the sloop Cate Dale who was lying outside of tho bayou loaded with provisions for us. The boats rere mnaned and nont out to her, took her load and carried it to camp. She left immediately for Tampa. Jan 17 Mr. Crusoe went with her. 1,hile drilling this afternoon the man at the lookout reported a boat coming up along shore. The pllie post's crow were ordered aray, we went out and overhauled the boat. She proved to be a -14 -

PAGE 19

friend sans a ship standing for the blockading bark. Started for the bayou when wo saw the "ary Jane coming out towards us. Laid on our oars and waited for her. She also spoke the boat and then started for the bayou. ,ewaited until she was opposite-to us and then gave way both crews doing their best. Our boat struck three or four times on thM bank and one of the bow oars broke but we beat her, it being tho first race that we have had. It was quite interesting and excitinng. At roll call 2:r. Smith called for volunteers to man the Mollie Post. Nearly every man in the company volunteered, myself among the number, but as it was my guard night I was not allowed to go. The boat was manned and started for Boca Ceiga pass to look for a boat that was reported laying there. They got back to camp at 1 o'clock PM not seeing anything of the boat. All quiet through the night. Jan 18 Not having anything to do in the forenooh I slept for about three hours. Aft(er dinner went after and brought in a lot of fire wood. ",ended some of my clothes all of which were getting rather the worse for wear. At night played cards and went to bed. No excitement through the night. Jan 19 Sunday. Inspection of arms at 81 o'clock AM, my gun was pronounced to be in the best order in the company. I forgot to mention that we had target shooting yesterday, a great many of the company did not hit the target and I hit in the same place, .y gun gave me an awful kick and I really thought that my jaw bone was broke. Every one of the guns kicked -15 -

PAGE 20

badly o'lrif Lo tohere bei'ng too much 'o,;der in the cartridges. The best shot received for a prize too pounds of tobacco, tho s.cond best one pound and the third best half pound. I went to the oyster bar and ate my fill of oystors and brought home onou.h to fry for sup;er. At 7 o'clock P! volunteers wore calle-l for to mann the .olliie ost to go to T-oca Ceiga to try and capture a Yankee schooner boat that re:ported to be about that place. :"s started at 7 o'clock f", -ith fifteen men and Lt. %Valoney in commn.nd. Arrived at M4aximo place at 11 o'clock 11,' took our things on shore and turned in. About 2 o'-clock AR, we were all aroused from sleep by M!arcus who was on guard.. *lH rushed into -the shanty and san. out to us to hurry up and Cet our arms for the Yankees were upon us. "'.e all jumped up, seized ourarmns, loaded them and rushed out into the open air expecting to see a large party of the enemy closo at hand, but found that it was a false alarm. Marcus had seen four of our men coming out of the woods and took them for the enoey. 7e made and drank so:e coffee, manned the boat and pulled for Loca Ceiga at which place we stopped at,' at daylight, ient on shore had a look at the. bark, ate breakfast, smokod our pipes and was calculatiný to stay till next day when we saw a boat coming down the coist hail-id and brought to. She proved to be a friend and in.* formed us that.the Yankees had taken Cedar Keys and burnt some of the place. The boat was manned and we left for camp at 'oint i'inellas for the Lt. said that he expected that we would be nanted in Tampa. ,e arrived at camp at 1 o'clock ?P finding Capt. Uulrennan there. He was waiting for us to go to Tampa. All of our provisions had already gone, we got dinner and started for Tampa foeeling very tired at which place we arrived at 8 o'clock ,' all hands completely used up for we had -16( .."

PAGE 21

pulled for twenty four hours on a steady drag, only tnking timo out to eat. 170 went to our old quarters, got a slight supper and turned in. Jan 21 Volunteers were called for to go over to Spanish Town to build batteries as the enemy was expected in a short time. Everyone volunteered willingly but all of us that had been on the last cruise of the ".ollie Post wore excused. They wont over the river and nearly finished one battery, the rest of us went up to the barracks and took throe small cannon and boated them over to our batteries or rather those that we were to build. It rained very hard all night and the house that we ure staying in leaked badly, Jan 22 All hands at *-ork on the batteries today. Had to knock off several times in consequence of rain but finished.the one that wasbegan yesterday and nearly finished another. Rained very heavy all night with a plenty of thunder and lightning but I managed to sleep very sound. Jan 23 Worked on the batteries all day. In the afternoon Capt. ?.ulronnan fired two shots at a taget with ono of the six pound guns, mado very good shots. '.ovod over to Spanish Town today into very comfortable quarters with the exception of our having to sleep on the floor and fleas very bad. All :quiet through the night. Jan 24 Mothing today it being rainy, in the afternoon we were drilled, several of our men sick but not seriously. No disturbance through the night. -3,7-

PAGE 22

Jan 24 Nothing today it being rainy, in the afterNoon we were drilled, several of our men sick but not seriously. No disturbance through the night. Jan 25 Nothing worthy of note took place today. Jan 26 Sunday. After breakfast Mr. Smith took a guard of eight men over to the Spanish smacksmen who had refused to work and were suspected of trying to escape in boats to Key West. They were removed from the house they occupied to one nearer to us. They were removed by Capt. Sheffield's order, he being commanding officer in Tampa. A guard is set over them night and day, and they have to work eight hours every day. About 2 o'clock P;.we were informed that the crew of the Olive Branch was coming up the river, the schooner having been taken by the Yankees. I went down to our battery and waited until they landed but was very sorry and disappointed to learn that my friend Canfield was taken prisoner by the d--d black republicans. Five of her crew escaped in a boat but Canfield would not leave the schr as he thought that there was no chance of escape in the boat. The five that arrived here took quarters with us. Jan 26 Went over to the magazine and got a lot of ammunition for our cannons and muskets, took them to the boat and carried them over to our side of the river, but just as we began to land it we were called back by the Ordinance Sergeant who told us that we could have but half of what we had in the boat. I went up after Capt. Mulrennan and told him about it. He was very angry about it and told us to land the whole of it and said that Capt. Sheffield could take his ammunition and go to the devil with it for -18.`.·~.:··-. .:~:: ·~: ·~.:···'·.·:: ~: j~·~·· ~~-~ ; ·:.~~;',~-~y -~Trl·;jr~ Lir s·'l

PAGE 23

he would have nothing more to do with it. ':o landed it and went homo to our quarters. Jan 28 Capt. !.'ulrnnan took Alfred Lowe and myself over the river to make cartridges. "'o worked all day and made quite a large number. The sloop Cate Dale cnre up from P:oint Finollas late in the evoning bringing our clothes, for I forgot to mention that we loft all our clothes there when we came up, our boats being too small and crowded to bring them with us when we ca:eo. Jan 29 7orked all day on the cartridges. Two of the schooner Olive Eranch's crow joined our company today, the other three Capt. sulreian sent to Cedar Keys in a boat bolonging to us, the boat is to bring arms, ammunition and provisions for us. Nothing more worthy of note today. Jan 30 At roll call this morning Mr. Smith informed us that there would be and election this day for one 1st., one Znd and one 3rd Lt. and that our com~pany.would heroaftor be known as the Key 'est Avengers. After roll call there was great disputing about who should be run for the above named officers. :early all of the company were in favor of not civing ?.C. .aloney a vote for any office as he is not liked by many on account of his actions towards the company, and also for the following expressions that he made at *oint Pinellas. Ho said that we could not be treated like white men but must be treated like niggers, he made this remark to 1r. Swith and several of us hoard him but while the boys were electioneering and writing tickets some one went over and told Capt. lulrennan about it. He caom over immed-19-

PAGE 24

iately in a groat passion and told us that he did not care a d--d who was elected for 1st Lt. for he should npD;.oint '.'alter 2aloney over him. '-e all know that it was out of his power to do so and rr. rmith.would have boon unanimously eloctod for that office, but he came over and called the -company together and told them that he had hoard about the fooling of the company and he wished for his sake that they would not run him for that office as it would make hard feeling between him and the othor officers should he be elocted and requ stod that 'all who were in favor of letting thing go on smoothly and not run him for the office to shoulder.arms. ut not a gun waw raised. He then begged thon not to persist in running him and mado quite a nice speech but his feelinc overcame towards the last so that ho could scarcoly spoak. He said in his remarks that he did not want any office on account of pay for he had money enough, he only desired to be of 3orvice to his suffering country. He thanked them all for their good opinion and kind foelin.s toward him and etc.-and wound up by requosting thom again not to run him as he could not think of accoi-ting the office. The men then to please him very reluctantly shouldered their arms. He thanked thlem and told them to broak ranks. The election was then postponed until next day at 2 o'clock F;. T was not at camp} at tho titze ?'r. ,mith was thore spoaking to the mon as I was over the river making cartridges, but I was told. all bout it at suppor. Jan 31 I am on guard today, came homo in time for the election, 30 out of 50 votes wore given to .'. C. 'aloney for let Lt. 20 of the men did not vote for him but -20†††††††††:r·-;1··;..· ,·.*

PAGE 25

as there 'as no op.osition ho :'as eloctod. !Lr. S.ith vas olbctd 2.id Lt. unanaiously. ,mwuel Ashby-.ws sloctod 3rd Lt. Nothin;,. oro of' note except that I ras on jruard four hours at night. :ob 1 Drilled thin norninr, slept about hours in the foronaoo.as I hd but littlo sloep last night. Tho followin:ap-noinLntnss were rmado by Capt. Hulronnan: Chas. Tarry Tim .ucKley: iobrt 'atsoin and John Aillson for mnstors riatojs ann Joseph Cole; Jule Chabot; John Bothell and Saml ,or(;ani for coxiralns I receivod an invitation from somo ladies in Tampa to call 'over and zsend the eviining. I accopted thle nvit-Aion and *.'ont over after aupper. 'as introduced to sevorel of the fair sex and passed a very pleasant ovfning, got back to our quatrtore about 10 o'clock tF1. and turned in, sFb 2. Sunday. Inspection of aran by Capt. 2ulronnan. Our arms pronounced to be in good ordor. I am on duty today as officer of the day. 30 volu.-ntern wero cA:llod for to go on an expedition to Manates to look after the Yankoos that ere reported to be in that placo. Our bomts woro launcl;od and put In the stroarm. '7o are to start tomorrow, I .oS with thom. Nothing moro today. Feb 3 Groat preparattion this mornirg gettir.n. the oats roady onii packing our dunnago. Left Tampa at 2 o'clock P. Capt. L'ulronnan in the Wary Jane. Lt. Ahy in thoe ollie Post and LL. .aio.ney in the sloop Cata ;ose. I am in t.oe ;,ollio 'Post and we boat thoe *ary Jane so bad that io h',d to anchor at Gadson's ?oint and wait for her. ':'hon she came up with' -21-

PAGE 26

us G:pt. lulronnan told us to p,.ocaod to our old .u-rtors :.tt 1oint ,inollas art which place rvo arrived at 9 o'clock P'! which was over an' hour ahc:ad of thoe .nry Jane. "o built a firo, ate sorme breandnd dr:unk wutor and was porfoctly natisfied aftor tkeiing a s:;,oke sie turned in kepping no guard as thoe ate is laying ft the mouth of the bayou. "eb 4 Aftor brcr.kfust this morning -ie fired off our Ouns and cloaned them. All hands had t good nleep through the day and after an early oupper loadod our guns, put our thinr. In the boats ansr started for :nateo at 7. o'clock P? after building a 1; srgo fire at the camp. The wind boing very lihit w o had to tow the Cato Dale -all the way to !unateo, a distance of 14 miles.. Cnmpood three miles bolow thn s·,ttlemnr.t in open air with a heavy dew all n!iht. ab .5 Started for thn settlotomnt at daylil.ht at which place en arrivod at 7: o'clock AM. In passing thy guns out of the Mary Jane ono of tho guns nccidantally went off, one of tho buckshots went into Tom Uutlor'. foot. It struck one of his to-s breaking it all to piocss nnd paosing up into his foot. A.11 hands in good health and anxious for fight. Got brosakfast at 12£ o'clock PcY. S-nt Tom 2utlor up to Tampa in the Cato t~lo to h.'vo his wound .rossed for we havo no doctor with us. I walkod out to Capt. *ickoberts a distanco of 14 wilos. iio and faaily in ,:ood haalth and .sprlt. "pont a few hours very agraeably with Lhor and .,ot back to cam. at 11 o'clock ,2. Feb 6 After breakfast we went over to tho sucor plantation. I drank a lot of c'noe beer which ;as very nice but It did not agree with mo. ,After dinner we started for Shaw's 'oint tkln:ri 25 men belonging to Turnors ilorse Compacny with us. o

PAGE 27

fixed our 'uartors, rot suppor, sot the guard tnd turned in, the mosquitos lnd: fleas in abundanco. 7eb 7 The Cnte Dale arrived this morning bringl;. us the nown that thore had bean a fight at Cedar Koys but no particulars as to tho result, also that Tom 3utler fas out of dan.er, also that capt. Shoffreld hzd tried to take our cannon the .diy after wn left but Lt. Smith would not allow hic to do so, nothin;: ore today. Seb 8 One of our mon ha been mraling since yestorday. Aftor.brosukfant I want into the -.oudtn r-ad cut a mist for our boats bavinag carried ours in coming down to this place. +nded the avening by sin~ ing. o.-ng, tollitn storios & otc. The flo.n wore so savage that I could not sluep. Feb 9 Nothing worthy of oe:-.ark took placo today. I am on guard tonight and tomorrow. I did not get a wink of sloep all night on account of the flees. rark and stormy nll night with lots of rain ?.nd blowing very hard. All of us in hopes that the blockadinr. barque would go on shore but she did not. Feb 10 On tuard today. Continued ratning until 12 o'clock 'V.. Tha eollio ;-ost's crow with Capt. .:ulronn-an went up to tho nuir plantation and brought us at the catp a barrel of. cnno beer. They wero all pretty merry owing to the otrongth of the boor that they had drank in largo *utntitios at th1 mill. All vont well through the ni.ht. -2-3

PAGE 28

Feb 11 The horoo compny are till growling .'nid Alssa.tisfied, they don't want to stand ju'ird. I hope they will go atway soon for they aro thn laziest, dirtiest and lou':let set of men that I ever sw. Cur boit want up tho river aftov beef but did not got any, it not being roody for uso. Fob 12 Wont fishin h thin wornIng, eaught a few nice sheophoad. After breakfast the horsm company !wont away, thank fortune. I think that we will go to Tampa soon, for the flees are awful. Feb 13 I wont up to aothor Jose's place this morning after beef. Started at 3 o'clock Al and ;:ot thr.o before dviylight. The dinlarnce is six miles. Got 2C7 Iab of bedf and got back to camp about 8 o'clock,. A'-tor broa fast .as X sat on my bed smoking rcy pipo and looxtin1 at ll Talburt, hi n ; !tol, a Colt's revolver, -wnt off. The bal l'rsnEin through'"his hip but luckily only goirn.through the flesh tit.hout striking the bone or chords. I acted doctor. The throe voluntoors that came rit1l us for a cruise, viz: John McRay, 'illlnm '-'erris and "om '-oward want up to the Manattoo hotel to stay until wo are rnady to go to Tampa. I think that they do this toavoid goln5i on guard for they thought tha.t whon they cr:E~ bhero they could plvy the gontloemn but Capt. uhlrennnmn akos the.; do tho s.ao as 'o all have to doa. nrvo to lavo for Tampa tomcrrow niGht,. so says the cat-t. 1.an on guard to:;.i.ht and nevor shut my oy-:s th' rhole n 0lhL. o. account of the cussed fleas. Fob 14 Got breakfast at 6 o'clock this morning took all of our things in the Loats and w.nt up to tho settloment. '!e stopped ct mothor Joe's and sho trontod capt. ,ulrennan and myoolf to a glatss of whiskoy which is the first liquor -24-e6

PAGE 29

thl:.t I have tined for t;--o ionths. Left fOr f.mpa to 4 o 'c1c: , we had an exciting r:;ce botwoen t:ihe a-ry J -no n-nd th.o i.oloi ozt, tho latter hiving a boat in tow,but tho .:ohlio lost btat her. To recod for 16 mitles without alackening-3 uip any. All hands dronched in por:ipiration, "';e arrived at camp at 12" o'clock All when we all turnced In. 1eb 15 All hands in .good hoealh. Great blowing bettOeen the two boat'crews, each -prty s-:arinx that their boat crun bnit tho'othor. Goneral cleaninn: of arms all day. Nothing more today. Feb 16 Sunday. After broakfint this morning instead of inspoction of arms Lt. Smith told us thit ths Cornfodorate S:tates wanted us to join their oervice for on ypar or the war. Hle delivered :uite a nice spooch ;hlch had the offect of gettir.n us all to join. Capt. ;.ulrornnn received a lettor from my brothtr George a few days Eao. I .a much duape ointed that I did not receive aono from him for he knows that .I am hers. He stotos to.t all the troos on Key Rest ar to be cut down .nd th1:t all the princihle houses in the place aro to be occupiod by thn soldiers. I am on ,uar. todny tan. tonight. :o excitemont throu;h the day or n'lht. Feb 17 The Capt. told me th.rt hn wxintod -iO tog.Lthar with l.'r. Ruvsell &i RicKards to build thublus, bSnches, bunks & etc no that to an can be mnade comfortabbo. "o aent to the saw mill nnd picked out so;eo lumb.»r and order.od more to be saved. ;Nothin n more vorthy of re-ark today. -25-

PAGE 30

Fob 18 Twenityrive ýmZn tartd t.his orni:i for lianatee under Lt. S~Ath and Ashby. Thoy took ith thom twontyfivo of Shoffhldd's company. '7o brov:ht our ltmber across the rivor in bo.ts and b.cked it up to our quarters, ,'icked out a lot of tooln and ground and :'ut them ir. order, mado saw horssa & etc. All reivly to to to work tomorrow. Our company is to be dividod In mnooss of twlve meni In differont houses, which wi1l b, much bottor trhn all hand:' livinrg; togsthor. Feb 19 * Tenr on started for Yayport after a small schooner belonZing to the state of Florida with orders to bring her to this place. Worked all day makin t'ables. I received 40 cents per day extra and am excused from guard or any other duty. Feb.20 .orked all day' and in the ovening I rocelved ' an invitation from a young lady to come over and spend the evening and to bring my flutina. I accepted the invitation and went. Pasdsd a very pleasant ovening and got back to camp at 11 o'clock. While over thoerr I. heard that the enory had been at Clearwater and takon our boats that had boon left there for safe koeeing. The people at that :liaco offerod no resi.stance whatover. Shame on them, for throo or four men could havo killed the whole party, the enom.y being in a boat and they in a thick wood within gunshot. Feb 21 rhilo at roll call this mornina one of the :on that started for Bayport.camo to camp bringing information that -26 ;'\

PAGE 31

the enemy had been at Papy's be.you and that a ;.an named John :hitohurst rnd his uife had gone off with them to the blockading b:rrque. This mrn had lor~ been sus::ected of being on friondly tore-.s with the enemy, but no proof could be brought aGainst him until now. T spent the evoning with r-. Rickards and family. Feb 22 Capt, gulronnan and ton men went to the place lately occupied by '?hitohurst for he is expected to be back after his things, and if they come there will be a chance for a fight. There is only eight men loft hore at present and should the onomy comeo o would have to take to the woods for safoty. Feb 23 Sunday. Truly this is a cosaopolitan company, it is composed of Yankoes, Crackers, Conchs, Engllishmhtn, Spaniards, Germans, Frenchnon, Ttallans, -oles, Irishmen, Snodos, Chinoeo, Portuguese, irazilians, I Rock Scorpion Crusoe; but all are good southern men. There are also Scotchran, -olsh:non and some half Indians, ourely this is the greatest mixture of nations for a small company that I ever hoard of. Feb 24 There has boon nothing worthy of note since last date except many rumors of hattloe fought won and loot. Our company returned to camp. Stayed two days then wont on another cruise loaving only seven of us in camp. I have bo;en.at work on the bunks & etc. Up to yestorday whon we got out of lumber and as there is a report that Tampa is to be evacuated I would not get any more until Capt. !:ulronnan comes back. Mr. Smith is expected today from Tallahasson whor ho h as been on business for the comparn. The musterinri officer was here and said that he had no orders to muster us in as a boat company, but as a company of heavy artillery. -e would mrustor in as such, thorofor Nr. .Smith went to Tallahasseo to -27 -

PAGE 32

one whLt can be done. "o aro willing to enlist for the var fs a cont Guard or in tha navy and Capt. ,ulronnan and ,-r. Smith backs up in the dutorninantion of not ontor!ng as a foot cor;;pany. They both say that wo must stick together and if tho 4orst coces we will fl7ht on our own hook. I am now in moss of twelvo men. :'e pay two dollars onch a month for servant hire, they cook and wash for uo and kocp our house in order. At prosen~z Charley Uorry and I are the only two present, the balance are on a cruise. The Yankeos hayo taken -ornndina about a wook ago. Just heard by mail that Jacknonville anid -t. Augustine are in the hnnds of the enemy consequently I hava lost all of my tools worth $300.00, a serious Loss for me for I was in hopes that I would save the:. nd e shold y life be spared, to start buninoos aftor the *ar was over. .** .-2S-

PAGE 33

Mar 16 Sunday. Recvd information that the enemy had shelled rnd burnt the dwelling hind out houses of Mr Abel Varenda. Our Capt. gave us orders to get ready to go to Manatee tomorrow. We took one six pounder and put it on board of the sloop Cate Dnle nnd landed the 6ther on-the opposite side of the river. We are to wait until the mail arrives as 1.t. Smith is expeoted in the stage. Mar 17 After getting everything on board today the order'to go to Manatee vwrs oountermnndod, Everything had to be tnken on shore ahdM ki hands ordered t6 start' immediately for Lfanetoe nnd brine up all of our company stationed there. No news by the mail and Lt. Smith di, not come or write. Started from the wharf at 4 o'clock FM and it being ncrrly calm all night did not get to Shaw's Point until 4 o'clock Ah. en we were near that point we snw three boats pulling with all speed for us. Gbt our guns ready for action but they proved to be our boats. Got to the settlement at 8 o'clock. Mar 18 Went out in tho country end called on Mr. Bill Lowe and family and Capt. Richard Roberts and family all well. Took dinner with Capt. Roberts and went back to camp. Started for Tampa at 5 PM. Stopped at Point Pinollas and Innded Chas. Berry and five men to signalize when the enemy comes in sight. Stopped at aGdson's Point and landed Joseph Cole and 5 men for the some purpose. ear 19 Arrived at Tampa at 6 o'clock AM. After breakfast turned in and had a nap for I had not slept rny for two nights. In the afternoon was informed thzt 30 volunteers

PAGE 34

wanted to go on a scout at Point Pinollas. The Yarkees had been at Uirandas place and burnt everything that he had, his clothing and wife's nieces and children's clothes, and chased him through the woods, fired twice at him but he escaped unhurt. I returned to go but it blowed too hard to start. Mar 20 Blowed and rained all day. No excitement. Mar 21 Started at 1 o'olock PM in the Gate Dale with a good breeze. Stopped at Gadson's Point about sundown end went on shore and got supper with the men stationed there. After aupper it rained and blew pretty hard and continued squally all night. I got no sleep, having no place to sleep clear of the wet. Mar 22 Squalls and heed winds all day. Mar 23 Very rough, but started for Point Pinellas. The sloop once very near capsizing several times but maneged to get to our destination at sunset. Camped in the woods and slept first rate although it rained through the night. Mar 24' After breakfast we went over to a shcnty about three miles distant where we are to be stationed for the present. Dug a lot of sweet potatoos, cooked and ate supper and turned in. Mar 25 After breakfast this morning Jerry Weatherford who had charge of some men on Point Pinellas came over and informed us thnt W'm. Talbot, John Singloton and John Baker hbd stolen a boat and ran.away taking their arms and all the provisions that they had in the camp. I was never more surprised in my life. Over a dozen of us volunteered immediatoly to go in pursuit of then. We repaired a small .boat belonging to Mr. Coons

PAGE 35

end five of us started in the afternoon, the boat leaking very badly. It is useless to mention all the little incidents that took place as we went along the coast wading the boat over oyster bars, having no chance to sleep, out clothes wet all the time, very little to eat & etc. Mar 27 We stopped at Point a Rassa this day. Stayed until next morning but could see nothing of the runaways and our provisions nearly 6ut came to the conclusion that we had better go back. We therefor started after breakfast and stopped at Henry Brown's place in the afternoon. He has got a splendid place, beautiful lemon and orange groves, thousands of lemons rotting on the ground. He gave us some potatoes, pumpkins and lemons after which we proceeded homewards, We arrived at our camp at Point Pinollas on the 2nd of Apl. and found that the boat company wae broken up Apr 2 and thut we were to be formed into Guerrilla companies. Capt. fulrennan to have charge of one ompany and Capt. Smith another, the company tb number thirty four rank and-file. There were only eight men left at the camp. The rest of the men had gone to Tampa. Apr 3 Seven amn came from Tamps today. We ere all td be at Tampa on the 10th. Capt. M~lr:nnan has gone to Tallahassee to draw our pay & etc. Wo went hunting but got nothing. Apr 4 Telve of us went on a bruise visiting the placesof the torico that had gone to the blockade. Got a lot of corn and some salt & a few old chairs & etc at Frank Gerard's place. At Grinder's place we.killed two hogs end visited two more of the traitors places. .. Apr 5 Got back to camp on the 5th all well. S-3 .

PAGE 36

Apr 6 Shot a fine large steer, it wxvs the best beef that I have seen for some time. Made soup of the head and it is a positive fact that there was sixty gallons of soup made and drank this day and there is twenty of us. Besides there was about fifteen pounds of steek end 1i bushels of potatoes cooked and ate during the day. Passed the ovening at 1r. Coons house, He and wife end eldest daughter are highly educated and I wonder at their burying themselves in the pine woods of Florida when they have lived all their lives in the best of society. Apr 7 Nothing worthy of remark today. Apr 8 Saw a schooner going to the blockade. Apr 9 Took our things over to the bayou and got ready 'to start in the morning. Apr 10 Started this morning for Tempa with Mrs. Miranda and son, Iiss Alice Curry and brother on board. It being calm had to pull all the way. Arrived at 2 o'clock PM. Heard that Charley. Collins had married Mrs. Black the night before. In the evening a lot of us went over to his house and gave him a serenade with tin pans & oto-he came out with his fiddle and struck up also. We then stopped the noise and he and Woods played several very nice tunes together, after which we went to the officers quarters, took an old follow that belongs to our company named Pratt that was living with a negro woman that cooked for the officers and rode him.. on a rail down to the wharf and threw him overboard. We then gave him a lecture, told him what it was done for and that if he was caught doing the like again that we would give him thirty nine lashes, after which we aent to our different quarters and turned in. 32,

PAGE 37

Apr 13 Nothing worthy of remark took place during the last two days except that I joined Capt. Mulrennan's company. Capt. Smith wanted me to join his company and offered to make me first masters mate and quartermaster of his company but I preferred being with Mulronnan. At 11 o'clock Al the alarm was given that the enemy was in sight and coming up the bay. We all took our arms and ran down to the ditches all bands anxious for a fight. A large schooner was coming towards the town and after keeping us vaiting for over an hour came to anchor behind an island two miles from town. Picket guards were sot at all the different roads leading to this place for we are of opinion that the Yankees have landed men below us and came in the schooner to draw our attention while they march up in our roar. A boat was seen coming from her and two of our boats were manned and wont out to her. She had a flag of truce and demanded the surrender of Tampa, I'ajor Thomas told them that he would not surrender it. The Yankee officer then gave him twentyfour hours to take the women and children out of the town as they would attack the place at the end of that time, Our men gave thres cheers at the prospect of having a fight which made the men in the Yankee boat look down in the mouth as they expected to see us all look frightened and ready to surrender. Capt. Smith told us to take all of our clothing and carry thom up the river as the enemy might come too strong for us and should we have to retreat it would be impossible to carry anything with us. A strong picket guard on all day and night. I am at work making cartridges tonighto Apr 31 No sign of the enemy but there is a bright\ lookout for then. Apr 15 Election of officers today.. Samue2 Ashby was unanrtously elected Lt. of Smith's cocpany, Chas. Berry vas elected Lt. protem in Kulrennan' s co'pany, In the afternoon th. Cate Dale that had started for Old Tampa in the morning was seen coming back. A littl aifter dark two boats were manned and we vent after thinking that they may be in distress, and such was the S33-'

PAGE 38

case for on coming up to them they told us that a boat with English flag had chased them. We both took them in tow and took her up town. When we got back vw were infor.md that two men had arrived from Manatee stating that they had ran away from Key West. About one hour later a boat was seen coming up. We went down to our battery, hailed and brought her to. She proved to be from Key West with four =mn that ran away from that place. A guard was set over them all night but they were liberated in the morning. Apr 16 On guard today and night, no excitemont. Apr 20 Nothing worth of remark from last date except drilling twice a day. Inspection of arms this morning. I am on guard today and night. Apr 21 Recvd letters from Capt. hulronran this morning informing us that he had accepted the appointment of assistant quartermaster general with the rank of najor, also that our boat company was mustered out of the service since the fifth of March and that we wore expccted to join a heavy artillery company. He advises us to form ourselves into the artillery service, if not we will be prossed into some infantry company. 11 says that if the company insists on his being their Capt. he will resign his commission and be with us. The company was then formed into lin= and all that wished to be in the artillery company requested to stop fornard two paces. oNarly all of us stopped forward and I think that in a day or two they will all join. So informed us also that he had permission to go to Key West with a flag of truce to get the families of the men in this company to come over here. I trust that he will go as I can then get some noxs froa home for I have not received a line from them since I loft.bome. Ap 25 The company went into election for officers this morning and the following is the result. R. B. Smith Capt., W. C. Kaloncy 1st Lt., Sal. B. Ashby 2nd.Lt., and Nohn A. Bethel 2nd Lt. At 4 o'clock PM twelve

PAGE 39

of us went ovvr in a boat and brought over Major Thomas and his lady. The major mustered us into the Confederate servico after which the company gave -three cheers for the major. eW then pulled him and his lady up and down the river for which he thanked us. Apr 26 Raining all the morning. Drilled in the afternoon. Apr 27 Sunday. Inspection of arms. Apr 28 Corenced drilling with tha bayonet on the Zouave drill. I forgot to mention that the following appointments were made on the 25th, lot Sgt. Chas. H. Berry; 2nd do Robert Watson; 3rd do Joseph Cole; hth do John Allison; 5th do Jules Chabet lest Corporal Saml. )organ; 2nd do Sa. Sawyer; 3rd do Augustus Kerrilac; Lth do Rogino Phalez. Apr 29 Drill as usual morning and afternoon. Took several ladies out in two of our boats and had a race after which M'rs. McKay one of the ladies that was in ths boat sent us two and a half gallons of wine which vas very nice. Apr 30 Drilled and Major Thomas inspected our arms, quarters & etc. pronounced all to be in good order. Ysy 1 By the roquest of several of the company N .Cruzce drew up the following potition: Fort Brooks/ Tampa, Fla. May slt 1862/ To/ The Hon. Stephen ,. Mallory/ Director of the Navy/ Confederate States of America/ Sir/ The under3ainod Marines, Citizens of Key West Fla. would respectfully represent that they have been in the service of the State of Florida, as Coast Guards since the month of December last, that latoly they have reorganized and are now rmaeers of Captain Robert B. Smith's Company.7th Regt. Florida Volunteers regularly mrustered into the service of the Confederate States for throe years or the war and stationed at Tanpa, 1a. . That they are sincerely anxious to render good and efficient service to their Oountry and are satisfied that the Army.is not the proper place for them, _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ * __ ___ ^ -^ "

PAGE 40

that they have been informed that Seamon in the Army can be transferred to tho Navy, and thorefor make this their application, ani pray to be transforrod to a Gun Boat or other vessel of war where they may have a chance to moot the enemy and strito for their Country'o cause/ Very respectfully/ Your obt servts/ Namcs Professions/ (Note: Except as noted in three instances the profession given after each name was Seaman) Robert Watson, Seaman Carpentor/ Chas. H. Berry/ Joseph E. Cole/ Jules A. Chabot/ Samuel Morgan/ Jas. Barnett/ A .B Lowe/ J. P. Williamson, Seaman Carpenter/ mn. Savyor/ Chas. H. Chaprnan/ John B, Sands/ John Duprey/ Geo. V. Rickards, Seaman Carpenter/ M. A. Olivier/ J. A. Moss/ Ed-ard Dorey/ Joseph Fagan/ Manl. loretideoca/ Thos. Burns/ Rofino Fales/ W~. D. Curry/ Jacob Weatherford/ Francisco Decs/ W,. Joseylin/ Jas. Leavitt, ay 5 *This petition was sent last night and Capt. 3mith is dreadfully put out at it, he says that we want to break up the co-.pany, but we assuied him that such was not cur intention but that we wished to enter the rnvy and would do so if we could got a chance. Fay 6 Several letters came from Key West this mornin but I received none nor can I learn one word about my mother or brothers. They must have left Key West or forgotten me, probably it is for the boat. May 7 I am on guard today and night. May 8 A soldier in Capt. Magoe's company died yesterday and all of the military in this place, our company among the nuarbr, went to his funeral. ray 9 About 11 o'clock PM we were aroused from sloep by the beating of the drum, we all hurried up to headquarters vith our arms and learned that tha enemy had been at Clearwater Harbor and taken several prisoznrs, and ona man Scott hitoehurst, had gone voluntarily witththem. They said that they would be back in a few days, consequently twenty of our company went there to meet _ _ _._' -36..' ' " --. '* : " .* .

PAGE 41

Thoy started at 1 o'clock AM. May 10 Sunday, On guard today and night. Major ?.ulrennan arrived this morninEg He cooes to sell all state property and to pay off our company, he is'a wolooom visitor as we are sadly in need of money. May 11 I-and all of the company was paid off today, up to the 5th of March. Prom that date we are to be paid by the Confederate States*. ulrennan charged us all 5 per cent for paying us off which has caused a Ereat deal of hard feelings, for to make the beat of it, it is very mean and shabby of him to exact it from us. May 12 At 10 ooclock PM just as I was going to bed h6e drum beat to quartors w e all haotcned with our arms & ete and learned that twenty of us were to Eo to Clecrwater Harbor. We volunteered cheerfully as there was a prospect of a fight. We started at 12 o'clook with twenty of our company and twentyfour of Gette'e company. Wo pulled the whole way to Old Tampa, distance of forty mile so Uay 13 We arrived at 11 o'clock AM all hands tired, sleepy and out of humor for ow had pulled without a spell from the soldiers who wore too green and lazy to help us. 11o cooked and ate dinner and walked over to Clearwater. We arrived there at 3 o'tloo Pl, ate supper. with our men that eoro stationod there and then walked six miles further to a placo that was thought the enemy would land ato Bad to wade one creek and sloop in an old ahanty on a dirty floor full of floas and no blanket to cover us for we had left then at Old Tampa. Kept guard all night but nothing happened. May 14 After an early breakfast we started for the settlement, Lowes Landing, Anona, and on the road we met __ ' ' „' -*' 7-

PAGE 42

a horseman with the intolligonoe that the Yankees were fat Archor's place (Bill rletcher 1oareo (T.argo) talked to them) and were getting the sloop Osooola off. We hurried up and when we got to the settlement the Capt. halted us and sent ten men as a scout to see-if the onemy was there. After waiting two or throe hours, all hands getting impatient, the order was given by Lt. Henderson to march to the place that the Yankees were supposed to be ate We had eot about three miles on the road when awe were net by Capt. Smith on horseback. He informed us that the enemy had got to Osceola off and wore on their way to Clearwater, so we turned back in doubli quick and when woe ot to whore we startod from we saw them ooming, but when they were opposite us they went about and boat it out of the paos. Wo were all greatly diappointed for I never saw men so eager for a fight in my lifoe We kopt a strict guard all nijht but they did not comeo May 15 At 10 o'clock AM we left for Archerts place under Lt. Ashby, Capt. Smith having gone to Tampa, Lt. Henderson and his oommand staying at Cloarwator, We arrived at our destination and stopped at Bob 'hitehurst's house, one of the Tories. We found plenty of everything to oat such as groon corn, peas, cabbages, honey b oto, hogs, cows & oto TWe lived high. Wept a strict guard* May 16 Guard day and night* Archer, Lowo, Moars and Anderson moving their things to Clearrater, from there to be taken to Old Tampa and we are to cary them and their fanilies to Tampa for they are afraid to stay on their places as the Yankees have throatenod to take them pri~onorso 'Two scouts were sent out and they reported that the enemy had been at a place owned by one of the Torieo and hid dug potatoes and robbed six bee guams They could not have loft more than two hours before the scouts Cot there. They found

PAGE 43

a letter in the house directed to t!ajor Thomaas The letter contained two letters for Frank Phillips. Shortly aftor, a horcenan came from Clearwater with the infornation that Lt. !Haloney had arrived at that place and that Mr. Jase MoPay &'son had arrived at Tampa* They wore sent in a smack with a flag of truce* They havo boon prisoners at Key Woest for eome tiomeo Mr, MoPay stated that three barcs with 00 men had left the blockade for Clearwator to take that place and our company that they heard was there, We went up to Clearwater in the afternoon together with the families of Archer, Lowe and others* Uay 17 Started for Old Tampa on foot at which place we S arrived at 12 .T t;ot into our boats and left for ETampa at which placo we arrived at 8 P1 and loarned that the company belonging to the 4th rott. wore to leave for Jaokconville the next day and that we are to move into their quarterso May 10 .Tent over and had a look at the quarters and of all Sthe dirty houses that I ever oaw they beat all, hog pens are cleaner. Concluded to wait till next day to clean them out. May 19 Cleaned and whitewashed the quarters today and a nioe job we had. May 20 *M.oved over today but ow would rather stay on the other aide of the riverv May 25 On guard today and night. All quiet. ?May 24 Peocived a letter from my brother George ctating that all the family Tas in good health, also that my. aunt Urs. oKoenzie died May 26.. A flag of truce was cont to the blockade today to see if they would give up some nogroes that had. ._ __ ._ _ _,„ ' -3~~0 «. *** ** * '

PAGE 44

ran away from their owners and are on board of the barque. I wrote my mother by this upportunity* May 27 I am on guard today and night* tained all day and night* About 12 o'clock at night the boat from the blocdade arrived, 'They.did not suoceod in.setting the negroea but our letters will be sent to Key rest by*first opportunity. .ay 30 I as on the sick list today having taken medicino last night, in fact I havo not felt voll for soeo time but could not make up my mind to take medicine until now. June 10 Our ration of boof was cut down from 1l lb to 1 lb per day and pork from S/4 Ib to ( Ib which oauced a deal of hard feeling and discatisfaction amonr us all, but as it is an order from the Sooretary of 'ar we have to submit. June 14 Received orders to eot ready to march for Tonnossee within ten daye. All of Gette's oompany got furloughs and left for home ianodiatoly and many of our mon did the came. I remain in oamp. Jun 22 The sohr Rosa Lee, formarly the Elize Fick, sailed for Uavana-today* I and many of our company wrote lettora and sent then by here Jun 24 Several of us wont mmaquoruding and had quite a nice time although it was rather warn* -Jn 27 Left Tampr today at 9 AU7 The ladies in large numbore turned out and saw us off* There was quite a waiving of'hdkfe and many tcars chod but I an satisfiod that none wore for mo for I have no fonale aoquaintances in the place '. e crossed the river, Eavo throo cheora and proceeded on our way & stopped at the 15 milo run for the night, ate supper, had some musi .& dancing in spite ...... ".. -........ ... ...-'-,,

PAGE 45

of our being tired for the road is soft sand and tircaoma to walk, Jun 28 Started at 3 All and marohod 21 nilesa To then stopped for the day, it beina about 10 Ai. All hands in good health and spirits* Jun 29 Started at 3 AUM arrived at Brookcvillo at 8 AM, .the roads were knee deep with water half the way. pained all nIght . Jun O0 P.ained all the morning but it held up .at 5 PH when 20 of us started for Archer in two vagons that re hired for A80*00* The roads are in dreadful state, our wagons bogged several times and we had to get out and pull them out. Stopped at an old deserted house, oooked and ate supper and turned in for the night, the fleas and bed bu~c in abundance W.e are row in Eorsnndo County* Jul I Started at 'daylight and on the road tried to buy some eatables but the people wero so mean that they would not sell or give us a thing. T0 kept on until we arrived at Hornts bridge aoross the Withlaoooohoo rivero We are now in Marion County. Took supper with Mro Horn and camped for the nighte Jul 2 Started at daylight and gone but a short distance when one. of our wagons rwhcels broke. Cot broakfast during which ti=e it rained very heavy, started -again after ropairing the whoele Stopped at a small plantation or farm for tho rest of the day it being about 12 AM, The lady of the place gave us as much green corn as we wanted, could take no pay as. sho said that we wero fighting for the country & eoto Jul 3 Started at 4 AM~, Stopped on the road and bought .some molonga I suffered greatly of headacho and severe cold. Stopped 20 miles from whoro we started in the morning nnc-Sodr for tho da,., -'

PAGE 46

Jul 4 Started at 4 AM and arrived at Archer at 8 AM* Stayed here all day* Jul 6 Started in the oars at B AMr Stopped for a few minutes at Gainosville. The stage from Tampa arrived while wo were there with the news that the Yankees had.attacked that place and had beon shelling for two days before they left and were still doing so. Our non were returning the fire. Stopped at taldo 10 minutes. Stopped at Baldwin at 12 1 took the cars for Jacksonville and started immediately and arrived at 5 PM, The conductor told me that ho would stop but thirty minutes* I went up to Vras Donaldoon's house, the lady that I loft my tools with when I entered the servicoo I found the house deserted and upon inquiry I learned that Mrsa Do and daughtors had Eone off with the Yankees, but that Mr. Fickioson a friend of nine had the property in charge, it being oonfiscated. I found him and he advised mo to take my tools with me for he said that should he go away which he expected to do shortly that I would lose them as no one lseo in the plaoe know that they were mine* I hurried and got a oart and found that Vr, FP had taken great care of them. I took them to the depot and found that the cars had left but in a short time another train came in and I wont in it. While on the road I took three drinks of whisky with the conductor and aa I had ate nothing all day it made me very icok. I lost my hat while on the road and arrived at Lake City at 8 PM and found our company there. Jul'6 Sunday* Called on Capts Coate, he has been very icok and is still weako Ho is City Marshall at that places July 7 Loft my tools with Capt. Coste and took several drinks of brandy cnd. went en board of the oars just

PAGE 47

as they wore starting* I was standing at the door and took out my pookotbook to -et some money heon I dropped the whole contents out in the mudo I jumped out and picked it up, $40,00 was the amount* The oars did not stop so I was loft. I followed the train about 8 mileo In hopec that.thoy would stop, but they did not, so I went back to Lake City and stayed there until the next day Jul 8 when I left at 4 PE and stopped at lMadison all night. Could get.no lodgings so I slept on the platform of the depot, Jul 9 Got breakfast and started for Tallahassee at 7 U AU and after stopping at numerous places arrivod'at Tallahassee at 12 Me tent to our tents and found that all hands had gone uptown to get their bounty $50O00 I hurried up and got there just in time to receive mine* I took a couple of drinks and a good. dinner after which I packed my knapsack, wrote a letter and filled my canteed with brandy at t5600 per bottle. I then went up to the flash houses and took several of our boya that were drunk and carried them to the cars. Stopped at Vidway, pitched tents, got supper and turned in for the night 12 miles from Tallahassee, some of the boys pretty merry. Jul 10. Started on foot at 5 AM for Chattahoochoe River, distance 32 milesa Stopped at the town of Quinoy, ate dinner and 3 of us hired a buggy for 9.*00 and arrived at Chattahooohee ot sunset, took board at an old lady's at $1*50 per day. There is a fine Arsenal at this place, Jul.11 Renainod here all day and started up the river in the steoaer Wam Young at 8 P8 , Pun all night. Jul 12 Passed under the Euphalia bridge at 6 PU. This .o'-

PAGE 48

bridge runs from Georgia into Alabama. Stopped at the wood pile at 8 PI, took in wood and remained there all night. ' Jul 15 Arrived at Columbuo, Ga. at 1 PH, went up'town and got something to drink. Ve then shouldered our knapsaoks and marched up to the tailroad station, pitched tents, stowed away our things and then vwnt up to the city, took several drinks, ate supper and passed the evening among the "Ladios", I had a fine tine* Jul 16 Reomained here all day enjoying myself. To leave in the norning. Columbus is the finest city that I have seen for many a days Jul 15 Started *in the oars for Chattano6ga at 10 AU several of tho'boys gloriously drunk. Stopped at Opelika in time for dinner after which wo proceedod for Vest Point, Alea* ot an old friend Lewis rright. He is .sergeant in a company on sick furlough having been wounded in one of the late battles, but is vell now* We drank sevoral bottles of poach brandy together, Started again and travelled all night* In the morning stopped at Atlanta, Gao ot breakcfast and started at 10 A!8 pasced through Marriotta and several other small to7ne and arrived at Chattanooga Jul 16 at 1 AM, remained in the cars until morning* Remained hero until 9AMI and then started for our Regt. at Camp Grayhan at which place we stopped at 4 PM, pitched tents and cooked and ate for the first time for 20 hours, turned in early and were all soon in a sound sleep, for we have had but a little sloop for ..cveral days and nights. Jul 17 Drew our uniforms which is as coarse as corn sacks and nearly the same color* Reovd orders S!,, ..

PAGE 49

to pack up and be ready to start in one hour* TWe did so, it raining all the timeo I got drenohod and after taking our things to the railroad we remainod there until nearly night whon we were ordered to cook supper and victuals enough for next day# To did so and started for Chattanooga at.8 P? and arrived there at 2 Alt* Jul 18 Left this place at 3 PM and arrived at village of London at 12* This is rather a strong Tory place having furnished 800 soldiers for the Yankee army from this oounty and bhoro are many more in the place yet. Jul 19 At 9 AM we crossed the bridge and camped. Jul 20 .Nothing worthy of remark today* Jul 21 I am on picket guard today and night, the Yankees are all tround use Jul 22 Came off.guard at 9 Al and drilled in the afternoon for the firot time since vo left Tamp.* Jul 2S Vont out into.tho country and bought a sheep and drove it in to camp, a distance four miles* It was as wild as the d---l. Jul 24 Visitod my friend Uarous who is in the hospital -at London* He is very .ll with fever and an old complaint* Aug 1 Nothing Itorthy of rom.rk since last date exoept that I have been and am still sick WFe left for Knoxville at 4, P! arrived at 7 PM. slept in a oar being to unwell to march up to our camping groundas A1. 2 Pool muoh better today but very weakL havine ate nothing yesterday. Walked out to our camping ground and there paseod the remainder of the day, pitching tents & eoto ...............................

PAGE 50

SAug 5 A naval officer came here today and had the following persons transferred from our company to the navy; Chas. H. Berry, Jule Chabot, Joseph Cole, Sml Mor an, John B. Sands, John Duke, Chas. Collins, Thos Burns, Chas. Miller and John Allison. They got their discharge and are to leave tomorrow for the Chattahoochee river to join a gun boat at that place. SAug 6 The men left here today in good spirits, our PRegt. is to leave shortly for Cumberland Gap and I expect we will have a fight there. I an now orderly Sergt. of our company, a thankless office, but I will try and do my duty. Aug 12 Nothing worthy of remarks took place until this afternoon when we received orders to cook throo.days rations which was done before going to bed. Aug 13 Struck tents and turned them over to the Quartermaster this morning, a busy day with all, especially with myself, for I have to look after nearly everything. We took up our lins of march at 5 PM for Kentucky via Big Creek Gap. We have no tents in future and have to carry our knapsacks, rifle, forty rounds of am~unition, haversacks and thrce days provisions and canteens. We marched until midnight when we halted and turned in, every man in the ~ogt. completely used up. I was never so tired in my life. Aug lh All hands turned out at 4 AM feeling very tired and sore, every bone in my body felt as if broken. Took up our line of march at 5 AM and halted at 11 AM 1S miles from Clinton and as there was a Regt. of infantry, soeo artillery and cavalry to cross ahead of us Col. Perry told us that we would remain whore we were until next morning. We remained here until just as.vo were turning in for the night we were ordered to fall in which was done. We went dovn to the river and halted. The Col. then gavo orders to draw three days rations and cook them but Capt. Smith and several other officers refused to do, so as the men were too tired and could not stand it to march all day and cook all night. We

PAGE 51

turned in and before I fell asleep the order was given to cross the river ve did so and our co.pany just had tisa to get into a large stable when it began to rain very hard .We turned in for the night and the fleas nearly ate us up but it was better than getting wet. Aug 2I Turned out at 4 AM and rarched until 11 AM when we halted and ate dinner. Started again at 4 PN and stopped at 7 PM, cooked and ate some fresh boof and corn coffee and turned in for the night. Aug 16 Started at $ AM and passed through Jacksborough at 11 AL and halted at the foot of Big Croek Gap in an apple orchard, drew three days rations and were ordered to cook them but before one half vas cocked vm were ordered to start but after putting our cooking utensils in the wagons we Mwre told that we would not start until 10 PM, but we remained hare all night. Aug 17 Started at daylight through the gap and of all the rough and steep roads for wagons and nen to pass through it beat all. Towards night I was taken sick vith fevor and a dreadful pain in my breast and sidoo. I kept on until night when I could go no farther, so X rolled myself up in my blarno-t and laid dofn by the side of the road all night and in the morning I crawled along until I reached a house. I-stopped there for two days dTring which time I. put nothing in my moouth but cold water. I was then put into a wagon loaded with pots and kettles and -as in it for two days when I came up with the Regt. I was so weak and sick having eaten. nothing for four days and nights and having a sovere fever and pain in breast and sides all the tim that I had to be led up to vhbro my ca.p was. The most of them were asleep, it being about 10 o'clock Pl. Remained with them n.xt day and night, the Regt. then started for Barborsville, Ky. and I, -" rood and Gus Archor and bcLaughlinere .eft together with many more sick men from the different copanies. This place is called Boston, Ky, every person in it are Lincolnites. We stopped in houses vith only one well man to take care of us. !icLaughlin died the day we loft and everyone thought I would go next but oweing to 7-'?

PAGE 52

the kindness of Wood and Archer I am yet alife for we loft vith but four days rations for flour, manl and beef. No doctor and not a drop of medicine. When ve got well enough to bogin to eat we had nothing to eat but green corn and green pumpkins and that we had to steal from the citizens. Wo stopped here for 12 days living on the food I have montioned and I only wonder that it did not kill all of us. On the 2nd of September a party of 25 or 30 Yankee soldiers came and took us prisoners and paroled us on the sama day for we were too weak to go with them. On the next day Wqod, Archor and I together with several of Gett' s company started for Knoxville and for two days could not got a thing to cat except green apples. On the evening of the 2nd day we car.e to a house whore our Regt. had left some flour and we got cano and baked it. It was the swmtest bread that I ever ate although it was made of but flour and water, for we wore nearly starved to death. Sep Wood carried my knapsack all the way for Z vas so weak that I could hardly walk. Whnen ve arrived at Jacksborough we went to the Provost Marshall and drew three days rations of flour and bacon, cooked it and slept there that night and in the morning we started for Clinton and arrived there two days after. Got a pass from the P.M. and started for Knoxville and arrived there on the 2nd day. S Sop 8 We vent to the P. Harshall, showed him our paroles and he told us that we would have to remain here until we wore exchanged and sent us to the fair ground or the convalescent camp which I think is the most unjust thing that was evor heard of, for we vero loft like does to die among the Linsolnites, eery prison in the place being of that sta.p and the Regiimntal Officors must have calculated that we should either die or be made prisoners for they took our arms from us before the Rfgt. left. The least that the P. Marshall could have done for us after all our troubles would have boon to have sent us to Florida and allc~wd us to remain there until we were exchanged. Sop 9 Thi is my birthday and I passed it by going up to the city of Knoxville and drawirg, some cooking utenzils from the Quartermaster for we can got none at the camps, We carried thrc out to camp and

PAGE 53

had to rest every q.uarLor of a mile for.wo vi:re very wouk. nndod the day by cowking our rationz whch concioted of one pint of flour or meal, ono( tea spoonful of salt anld onu pound of beef which ne have o boil for 'wo are not allowod any bacon. Our campuo re out are out two miles from the city which is very billy. Sap 14 Iroto to th Hion. S.R. .;nllory ronuesting him to iriform us if it was just for the authoritile to keep us hpro.. Thoro is over 100 parolod ..on hare. .op 20 oe noro ordored, to ftall in which we did, and an officer took our namss '.nd the Co. nnd o\ogt. thit we belongZo1 to when wve Poro mustored into sorvoice o nd whoro. Sep 23 Sitnod the pay roll and expected to be paid off but after ;aitling for some timne ere inform d t.hat .o could not be paid. '7e were alco re.upstod to .ake out a list of clothine that we 'ntLd to draw, w~ did so but receivod none, uo I cannot make out what they Moan by humbugging us in this manner 1n. I will .here say that Conf.doerato soldiers are trosted like does ovcrywhere thnt I ha.ve be'n sinco I loft TaZpa. They arnt. not allored on half the rntions th'it the army regulations call for for the qu.rtorma-i:tors and othar officors give thoe just Vhat they like and pocket the balance and yet the soldiers Knowing all this nro foolish enough to put up with it. Thoy grumrble and growl arton he;moolvs but noevr try to got redrons for thoir wronrns. .a:n are kept in tho hospitals when the doctors know that they rill novor recover while in the honpital, yet they will not give threm furloug.hs Lo go home but koop tho: here to dio. 7 and 8 is the averago of deaths pU.r day horo'. -49-

PAGE 54

Slp O :oved our tents to a hill about 4 m:.ile from where we havo boon cnampod. -any of the Fproled mon hnvo cone momo lzthout pormniscon and I dent bla.eo tho1 for we dent Set enough to eat and no prospoct of gotting any ronoy or clothing or of being exchang,d., oct 4 pecd an answer from the I!on. S.R. .7allory. He infortm us that the authorities havo a right to keep us hare until exchangod, that the exchango of prisoners ' as thon toln., on and ended by saying th!t he hoped we would be exchaneod in a few days and go to our eagt. :omre of the p.aroled aen have rejceived furlou:gh but others cannot Eot them. A Floridian neod not ask for he vill receive none hiblch shows partiality. Oct 16 Tent to Iajor Gen. Jones, Com.nnder of KnoxVille a.i.i presonted him wih-i tho followiln; petition: To .ajor Gse;. S.ml Jones Co.dr, of '. Tounrsso/:r, the undors;i-ned privates in Co. K, 7th Fla. ioEt. havlin. paroled by toh U. S. forcos and have been at cr.v;p Diroction since tho 3th of Sept. expecting to be exchanged, but as such has not taken plraco and mny not for a few dtys we roospctfully csk for loave of abscncer for four day to visit Atlanta, Ga. to attond to businoss of importance/ Respoctfully your abdt sorvts/ i.obert 'watron/ Jas 7ood. Heo .rantoe the rouoest. '"o then wnnt to the 7?rovo.t Iarshall ann,' got n pass and wont b'ack to caomp.to prepare for a start. I put two suits of clothes on, took my blnnkot and startod for the depot at 8 I:M as we oxeoctod the c-arse ould leave at 9 P" but when we got thore ve found that they would not leavo boror 9 AH next day.. So we want S-50-

PAGE 55

back to camp and turnedi.n. Oct 17 Started at daylight on foot for Columbus, Ga. a distance of over 100 miles. ;e fared first rate on the road, overy'house that we stopped at and asked for food or lodGings we got treated very kind and they would take no pay. .o sold our blankets on the road for so wore tired of carrying them. Arrived at the. soldiers home Columbus. Oct.22 On fndiing .evoral old acquaintances there we got supper and a good bed. About one hour aftir we arrivod a firo broke out closo to the soldiers homo. ' e wont to it and found it to be a machine shop.' Afttr come delay it,was extinuishod. I took a drink, wnet back to the home and turned in. Oct 24 Want to the transportation offica and got transportation to Chattahoocheo on a steamboat. Stopped at the gun boat and saw several old acqualntances. We loft Colurubus on the 25th and arrived at Chattahoochoe on the night of tho 26th. Sufferod very much cold for I was a dock passenger and had no bed. I 8leptbn a hen coop. On our arrival we started for a boarding house that we know of and took the wrong road'and walked about three miles bfforo we found our mistake, thon walked back to whore we started from and found the right road. '.hon we got to the houss it was past twelve o'clock and everybody asloop. e rknocked andcalled for some tlibefore we could awake anyone, but after a while we got a good warm bed which was very accota.ble for we wore nearly froze. Oct Z7 Hired a hack and wont to Quincy at .3.00 each, got dinner at the hotel and hired another hack at 02.00 each and rode to Midway. Got thoro at dark, got supper and turned in. The weather still very cold. -51-

PAGE 56

Oct 20 Started for Tallahassee after broakfoat on foot, distanco teilvo mAilos, and arrived thore about 3 o'clock, fnindlin, Tr.uYulrennan at the City Hotol. He was gled to 8oe us, took us up to his room and we drank two bottlos of whisky togothor. lH gave me a pair of shoes, socks, drawors and .white shirt, loanod my -140.00 and paid our expenses at the hotel. Oct 29 Started for Lake City aftor breakfast and arrived there at throo ?P, called on Capt. Coste, finding him well. ye stayed until next morning and took the cars for Baldwin. Oct 30 Got there in timo for dinnor. Saw Hatch at the toloGraph offico, ho has charde of it. ,'o drank two bottles of whiohy tof;ethor a;nd after dinner started for Gainesville and arrived at dark. Hurried up to whore the Tampa stageo was and tried to got passage in it but it was full so we went to tho hotel and got supper. Saw doctor Ashford ait table, he looked nice and appeared to be glad to see us. Ho told us that a wagon was to start for 3rooksville in the morning so wo went and saw the driver, a noero, and he agreed to tako us, Wood a.n I for !4.00. -o went back and turned in. Oct. 31 Started this morningi before breakfast in the wagon and wont twenty five miles. Stopped at a mill and put up with the gontleman that owned the mill. I felt very unwell, I could eat no supper. Nov 1 Started after breakfant on foot for the wagon had to taka in a load of corn so we could not wait. "T walked until about 4 TP and foolinZ very tired stopped at a house and were invitod to stop toll next day, Sunday. We stopped and were treated first rate.-.... -52-

PAGE 57

Nov 2 Started after breakfast for Norn's bridge, distance twolvo miles, and arrived there in timo for dinner. Stopped there waiting for the ragon to come up, slept there. 14ov 3 The wagon came up. at 10 AA arn we started for .Brooksville, we aslpt in an old dosert.od house on account of the rain for it stormed all night. Nov 4 Arrived at Brooksville at 5 P. and learnt that the staSe would start for Tampa next day so we waited for it. Nov 5 After dinnor the Gainsville stage arrived, in wihb it Edward Curry and Joseph Toodruff, both discharged from our company. To started in the stage togethor for Tampa.and after riding all night over a rough road and in a bad stage we arrived at Tampa in the morning at 9 A., got breakfast at Col garanda and then took up my quarters with my friend !.r. Crusoo. Nov 6 lie has boon very ill and is yet very weak. I forgot to mention that at the gun boat the boss wanted me to work in the Navy Yard until I am oxchanogd. I told him that I would think of it and that my tools were at Lake City, but I am afraid that it !ill be too cold for om in the wintor and in the summer evorybody thoro has the chills and fover. Nov.24 Gus Archer arrived today having walked all the wey from Knoxville.I wont down homo with him, ho loves six miles fron Clearwater Harbor. I stopped with him threo days then went in a boat to Clearwater nnd stoppod throo days with "r. 7m. Komp. I bought 1000 oranges from him for 515.00 and went down-to Gus Archer place on Sunday the 30th. -53··-~ .·; ~ ·:

PAGE 58

Dec 1 !tarted this morninh for Tampa in the sloop boat Votoe having on board 1000 orangos for sale and a lot of potatoes, salt, soap, syrup .an sugar canos for '-r. Crusoo. D)ec. At daylight this morning we found that we had drifted out clean to the blockade. Two boats ware soon in pursuit of us. Wo poled the boat as fast as we could but the boats gained on us very fast, we got ashore on the banks several times and had to jump overboard and shove her over, at length we stoppod on the bank at ';oint Pinellas. I jumped overboard and waded ashoro, but Gus stoppod in the boat thinklng that his parolo would save him and the boat but they took him and carried him on board the blockade. I then walkod over to :r. Coons, had to wade several bayous and in crossing one I got bogged and fell down in the rud which was very black. '.hon I got out I was an object to look at. ,However I pushe.d on and got to 2:r. Coons in timn for tinnor and tried to hire his horse to taka me to Tampa, but he told me that the horse wms too slow, but that if I sould stop with him until next day he rould take me over to 'rs. Arnolds, on of traitors wivos and she boing present promised to take me to Old Tampa in hor cart, so I stopped. Dec 3 At breakfast table I was takon with chills and fever. Mrs. Coons gave me soc.e hot pepper toa ,but it did no good and as I was sick all day I had to stay where I was until noxt day. Dec 4 Startod in a cart about 10 A, and arrived at Mrs. Arnolds at 4 2'. Stopped there all night and started in the morning for Old Tampa. On the road I was attacked with chills and fever and it being a very.rough road I sufferod very much, we stopped at about S-54-

PAGE 59

4 i'P at an old man's house n.%ned Jonsie C'-rlisle. I -,as T:i hopes of gotting him to take mo to T:ampa in his cart but he was not at home, an old negro wormon vwas there howover and she n ide min a comfort-ible but very dirty bed and as the faver was still on me I:. turned. in after having paid the woman for briring me in her cart. Doc 5 Got up this morning feellng much better but very weak having eaten nothing yesterday. The old woman soon had nome port and potatoes ready for me. I ato a littlo and wAlked over to Ur. Komps at Clearwator, a distance 5 or 6 miles. I found him very busy makine sugar. I. folt very well all day. Dec 6 Had the chills and fever very bad all day. Mrs. Kemp gave me coffee and lim.o juico to break the chill. It was a horrible dose and maide me very sick. ;ec 7 T am wall today but very ve.k. Dec 8 .3ick anain today. Took more cof'fe' and lime juice which broke the chills but fovor hung on all day. Dec 9 eant over to Old Tampa in a cart as thoro is a boat to go to Tampa tomzorrow. I stopjed at Uncle Joasio Carlisle until 12 o'clock at night when ir. LDominick callod no arnd had to tade out to the boat gotting wot up to my ;aist. Doo 11 Arrived at Tampa zbout 3 Pi and was so weak and sick that I could hardly walk up to 0r. Crusoo. Dec 12 "The military doctor visited me this morning and gave me medicine. I am very weak for I have not e-tern :nything for a week for I have no appotite. Bec 14 Feel much better now and have a very good appetle and will ooon be strong again. Rocd several letters from our corpany, they suffer very much from the cold weather. -55,-,,

PAGE 60

Dec 25 Christmas day nnd I was in bed all day with chills and fever. I ate nothing and as there is no liquor in the place of course I drank nothing, I have boon sick ever since last date and I see no prospect of getting any bettar for I am in worse health than nhon I arrived here. 63. Jn 1 Tampa Jnnuary lot 1863. New Years day and how diffarent fromt the last. I was then in excellent health and fine spirits, but now I am in rrotchod hoalth having been in bad with chills and fever all day. I am absent from my company a paroled prisonor and sick tcaong strangers except '.r. Crusoe and family who aro very kind to mo, so of course my spirits cannot be very choorful. Jan 16 RPecd a lottor. from Lt. ialoney. -H informed me that I arm exchanged so I went to Dr. Lively the military surgeon of this post, he oxaminad me and gave me a certifIcato for 60 days leave of absence which I sent on to Capt. ?mith. Times are very hard in this placo now. Corn moal is solling for "5.00 per bushel, sweet pototoes 1.50 per bushol and seldom to be bhd nt that price. aot a pound of boof in the market for the cattle ownors will not -sell their cattle to the butcher for any price for Confe.ierate miony and there is no fgold or silver to be had in tho country. Fresh pork, henn to be had, which is soldos, oslls raadily for 20 conts a pound head, Hoofs and all, Once in a while a little rice is brought in from the country .nd sells for 15 conts a pound, alt $10.00 per bushol, sugar cents per Lb., molassos *1,50 per IU1. and ovorything elsl in proportion. -56S -..--.-. .... -

PAGE 61

Teb 2 A perfect Godsend. Mr. Crusoe went out husanti and shot a fine deer today. I havo rncvd ;Kany letters fror tho officers and oembors of our company since I've been hero, thoy wore all weoll. vith few~ exceptions whon last he:rd from. n-. 'awyer died on the 28th. of t-c. 1062 at iKoxville, renn. lie vas a omembr of the Buzzard Club and is the first rember that has died since the club was organized which was in 1857. 'ulroaiinn, Coste ancd '!rcus havo run tho blockadto Havana in two smack~3. They left here on the 5th of Jany nad I have hoard that they arrived afee in Rnivanna. oeb 15 tafrtod oa a cruise in a boat for :'olnt :inellas. It bcing a ca l;.. nd a head tide we pulled s' fcr as Gadson --oint where a hoavy s.uall c.l o up blowing aind ralninn vary hard atnd i;i a few mlnutss were all wvt and as It blow too hard for the boat to carry sail we vent on shore .below Uadsons Point and strotchod our tent, killed a coon and roastod .him beforo the fire but it vrTa so loan anid trong that we could not eat it, sproad our blankets on thse sand and turined in wot and cold. Feb 16 Turned out this morning and killed a pig but it was so loan and tanteless that we could not oat it. All of our cuns being wot re fired them off and cleaned them, then put ovrrything in the boat and pulled across the bay to Coffoe ?ot Bayou. 'itched our tent just in time for it coc;;rencoe rainiag and continued to do so allnight, but we slept very well. Feb 17 .o'nt hunting and got one smnll door. Joe Fagan shot it juot as hq Was cooing into camp. po S-57-

PAGE 62

caught plenty of fish for thore are millions of'all kinds in the bayou and they bite well. Fob 18 After breakfast "'oods and Joe Pagan st7rted onn foot, it being so rough that they could not pole or pull the boat they got over board and waded her the whola way, about 2 miles. '-o shot a fine coon :And filled a :keg of water on the way. \;hen -we got to our stopping plaoo we pitched our tent just In tls:e to save ourselves from a ducking and it rained off and on all day and night and the sand fleas were dreadful. Fob 19 All hands started out hunting except mydelf for it looked too rainy for me to venture out so I stayed at camp and cooked dinner which consisted of stowed coon and rice. It rained nearly all day and niht and the oand floas and mosquitos nearly ato us up. Feb 20 After breakfast we all went over to the Goon's distance four miles. Te took dinner with him: after which we vant back to camp and started for Tampa. Tho wind and tide being against us we had to pull until we got to Gadson's r-olnt at czhich place we stoppod for the night. 'eb 21 Startod early this morning and pulled all the way up to town Thus ends this cruise and I am glad it is over for it rained all the time we weor gone, thnrofor wo had no chAnce to hunt and got nothing but one small deer, a coon and some fish all of which had to be boiled as we had no grease to cook with. -58-

PAGE 63

lzar 16 I alavo for tho !.ogt. at 1o C,'clock tod'vy in company with 12 or 14 men that belorjg to tha 7th ecgt. Wo go in a Ragon and we will havo to walk ~neriy all the way. I kno.A that I will not bo abal to walk much for I an very woek and, I hnve hcd a violont headncho and fever yestorday and lst nght. -59-

PAGE 64

Watson 40th Caroline Elizabeth Kemp and Robert Watson HIS CONFEDERATE SSSM WAR DIARY Tampa, Fla. March 14 1863: Started at 1 PM for Tennessee, stopped at the 15 mile run at sunset, ate supper and turned in feeling very tired. 17th: Started early this morning and travelled about 25 miles, just at sunset we met an old acquaintenance in an ox cart who had a lot of Spanish rum. He treated us to as much as we could drink. I drank nearly a pint for I was tired and exhausted having been sick for the last 7 months. Camped for the night, very little to eat. 19th: Arrived at Brooksville at 12 M and finding that I couldnt get a seat in the stage I went on in company with the wagon that carried our baggage. Stopped at Lake Lindsay all night, got supper at a house near by. 19th: Stopped at Horns Bridge at 8 PM, got a.good supper and stopped all night. Slept sound for I was very tired. 20th: After breakfast I started again and arrived at Ocalla at 8 PM raining very hard. I had a chill before I got to the hotel but after changing my clothes and sitting by the fire a little while felt better and got supper. I stopped here 4 days trying to get a passage in the stage but could not, so 4 of us hired a back for $21.00 and went to Sanderson and got transportation, remained in Lake City one day and then went to Madisonville and there took stage for Quitman, Ga. There was 9 inside passengers and 4 outside. It rained all the way and the stage leaked very badly so that we on the inside were nearly as bad off as those outside. Arrived at Quitman at 8 PM got supper at the hotel and turned in. It rained all night and quite cold. 29th: Remained in Quitman all day and night, raining all the time, had no chance to see anything of the place. 30th: Started in the cars at 7 AM for Savannah and arrived at sunset. A soldier met us at the depot and invited us to the Way Side Home. This is an institution for the benefit of soldiers travelling on furlough. We accepted the invitation and went with him. They gave us pretty good fare and it cost us nothing. I went to the theater after supper, a poor affair but good enough for the times. 31st: Remained here all day taking a look at the city which is well fortified. Everything at high prices. reproduced by FLORIDA STATE ARCHV'ES DEPARTIMNT OF STATE R. A. GRAY BUILD!NG Tallahassec. FL 32399.0250 C..: ...-i

PAGE 65

page two April 1st: Started in the cars for Macon, passed through and arrived in Atlanta in time to get transportation to Knoxville and started again but the cars were so crowded that we got off at the first watering place and remained there all night. Could not get into a hotel as they were all full so we went into a old log cabin, built a good fire and turned in. 2nd: At 9 AM we got on the train and arrived at Daulton, changed cars and started in a freight train for Knoxville, travelled all night and arrived in Knoxville at daylight. 3rd: Stopped in Knoxville all day with some of our Comp. Who are on police guard. Capt. S and Lieut. Maloney are here also. 4th: Started for Wataugh Bridge at 11 AM and arrived at 9 PM. Our company are stationed here guarding the bridge. We remained here a few days when we were ordered to Strawberry Plains. Stopped the're three or 4 days. Here I was taken very sick. Went to Loudon, stopped there about 3 weeks when we went to Knoxville. The surgeon of our regiment examined me and I could have got a discharge but Capt. Smith was not willing. He says that I will get better this summer. I fear not for I have disease of the lungs, so says the doctor. Old Capt. John Morrison died on the 16th of May 1865 of Pneumonia. We buried him with military honors. I have attended the funeral although sick and weak. June 3rd: My health has improved so much lately that I resumed my duties today. Williamson who has been acting Orderly Sergt. during my sickness got very indignant and requested to be put in ranks. He is 2nd Sergt. and says that if he cant have the office he has been filling he wants none. Capt S. granted his request and he is now in ranks. He can scarcely write his own name and of course is not fit for the office and while he was acting Lt. Maloney did all the writing, for there is a great deal to do. 18th: We were ordered to pack up and cook 4 days rations which was done and got all ready for a marsh to Island Ford. 19th: Turned in our tents and sent off all of our bedding and clothing except one suit and one blanket per man. At 4 PM we were ordered to march to the city, the enemy being near at hand. We marched through the city up to Summit Hill opposite the General Hospital and halted. Two companies were then set to work digging rifle pits and building breast works of cotton bales for a battery on the hill. Our company and Co. H were ordered to the river under Lieut. Maloney to guard the two ferries. Capt. Smith is on duty in the city. Guards were posted and etc. on the river bank. At 12 Midnight heavy firing was heard close to the city

PAGE 66

page three and we were ordered to double quick to the battery on Summit Hill. The firing appeared very close at hand and I was afraid that we would not get there in time to support the battery. The night was very dark and the roads very rough and steep. When we arrived at the Battery we were ordered to the brow of the hill that commanded the road that led to the railroad and forming the right wing of the battery. No person was allowed to pass either way. Our pickets were skirmishing all night but the enemy did not attack the city during the night. 20th: at 8 1/2 AM the enemy made their appearance on horseback. They placed their sharpshooters behind a ridge about 800 yards distant and they threw their bullets around our heads in fine style but did us no harm. Our battery on Summit Hill opened on them at 8 1/4 AM and shortly after one of our right opened and then one on Temperance Hill opened also. Each battery had two smooth bored 6 pound guns. The Yankees had 2 6 pound rifles guns and were not slow in returning the fire. Their cavalry advanced in fine style and were manuevering to take possession of Temperance Hill but we threw several shells among them, killing and wounding many of their men and horses. They then retreated behind the hill and kept up the fight with their artillery and sharpshooters but our shell fell among them so fast that they were compelled to retreat, carrying off their dead and wounded. They did us but little injury, we had only 9 killed and wounded. Our force consisted of our regiment and the 6th Fla. and a few citizens and straggling soldiers. 25th: Our company and company H have been on Summit Hill since the fight, the rest of the Regt. have gone back to camps. It began to rain yesterday and rained all night and today and as we have no tents we retired to an old blacksmith shop close by and remained there until 2 PM today when we were ordered to the Regt. We marched there through the rain and mud ankle deep. 26th At 3 AM were aroused by the roll of the drum and were ordered to draw and cook 4 days rations, to clean our guns, and hold ourselves in readiness to march at a moments warning. At 7 PM we were ordered to fall in and march to the railroad leaving everything but our blankets. We marched to the depot through mud ankle deep and very slippery many of the boys slipping down in the mud. We waited at the depot until 11 PM and saw the 6th Fla. and 54th Virginia Regts. and 2 companies of our'Regt. off but as there was not cars enough to take us all we were ordered to find shelter for our selves for the night and be on hand to start at 9 AM next morning. Our company went to the old Blacksmith shop that we had occupied before, a filthy place without a floor, but better than to sleep out doors in the mud.

PAGE 67

page four 27th: Got up this morning fresh and hearty. I went to a hotel and got breakfast and started in the cars at 10 AM for Tullahoma. Arrived at London at 12M, stopped a few minutes and started again. Passed through Athens, Riceville, Charleston, Cleveland and several more small settlements in Tennessee. Arrived at Chattanooga at 12 Midnight, and just as we got asleep it began to rain in torrents, and as the roof of the building was not tinned we were all wet before we could get shelter. I got in a box car and remained in it until morning but got no sleep. Some of the boys lost their bayonets etc. 28th: Left Chattanooga at 7 1/2 AM with one engine in front and one behind. Some of the boys pretty merry owing to the strength of whiskey and all in good spirits expecting to have a fight on our arrival at Tullahoma at which place we arrived at 5 PM and camped for the night on the bare wet ground, but I slept sound all night. 29th: At 8 AM our brigade was ordered to fall in and load our guns We then marched off at double quick for about 4 miles, halted in a corn field and formed line of battle. Our company was ordered out of skirmishers. We marched out about 1/2 mile into the the woods in front of our regiment and deployed as skirmishers. Just as were posted the rain began to fall in torrents and continued all day. About 4 PM we were ordered in and marched in about one mile. Our company and 2 more were posted as a reserve for the skirmishers, at 9 PM we set a guard and turned in on the wet ground, our clothes and blankets all wet and we have had nothing to eat all day. 30th: Turned out this morning feeling quite refreshed having slept well all night. Sent 6 men to the Regt. to draw rations. Our troops were at work all night felling trees, digging rifle pits, and building breastworks etc. Our company were lucky enough to be clear of it. We got our rations of flour and bacon for one day and cooked out bread on boards, at 2 1/2 PM we advanced through the woods. There was about 2,000 of us. After advancing 2 miles we drew up in line of battle behind a corn field and after remaining there a short in the rain our company and company C and 2 Comps of the 54th Va. were behind and we went back to our Regts. and drew 3 days rations of corn meal and bacon with orders to cook them by next morning. We had no cooking utensils and had to bake our bread on a barrel heads and fence rails. Detailed the whole company to cook as follows, non com. Officer and 2 privates to cook for one hour and then call the next 3 and so on till morning. My turn was from 9 to 10 PM. I turned in and just as I got asleep the sergeant major called me

PAGE 68

page five and told me that one days more rations would soon come and that I must draw and cook them as soon as possible. I went to sleep again after telling the boys that were cooking to call me when the rations came, but none came. July Ist: At 1 AM all hands were called and ordered to fall in for a march. Not one quarter of our rations cooked. We fell in and started at 2 AM and marched all day through mud ankle deep and the hottest sun that I every saw in my life. Man of the men fainted and some were sun struck, several of them died. I was very much fatigued and exhausted and thought that I should faint several times but we were on a retreat and must get out of the way of the Yankees or be taken prisoners. At sunset we halted in an open field. The ground wet and humpy. I was wringing wet with perspiration and my feet were very sore but I slept all night. 2nd: Turned out at sunrise feeling very much refreshed but very sore. Some of the boys that had corn meal in their haversacks cooked mush in their tincups but as I had no cup I went without. at 8 1/2 AM we fell in and marched all day. The roads are much better than yesterday, not so much mud, but very warm. At 7 PM we halted in an open field, stacked arms and drew 1 days rations of flour and cooked on our ranrods for we have no cooking utensils. At 10 PM just as we got through cooking we were ordered to fall in and march off. We were on the move all night and only got 2 miles ahead. We would march about 50 yards and then halt for 5 or 10 minutes then fall in again and march 40 or 50 yards further then halt again and so on all night. We did not get a wink of sleep. It was on account of the wagons and artillery that we were guarding over the mountain which was very steep. 3rd: Marched all day and at sunset we got to the foot of the mountain and camped for the night, the ground very wet. Drew 2 canteens full of whiskey, gave the boys a drink all around and kept 1 canteen full for the morning. 4th: Got up early this morning and started after taking a drink. I felt very sick and at 10 AM I was so sick that I could go no further and the ambulances were all full so I could not get into one so I got under a shady tree and lay down and every rear guard that came along would order me to get up and go on. I told them that I was too sick to march and they would pass on but when the last rear guard came up and I told them my case they told me that I could get in a wagon if I liked I thanked them and got into the wagon which was very dirty having been loaded with bacon which made it very greasy. I rode for 3 or 4 hours when the wagon turned off into another road and I had to get out and march

PAGE 69

page six the rest of the way. The sun was dreadful hot and I was so sick and faint that I would have to stop and vomit every once in a while and my head ached dreadful. I had ate nothing all day and drank a great deal of water. I vomited 8 or 10 times during the day, the last time I threw up blood. After leaving the wagon I marched about one mile and halted under a shady tree pulled off my things and laid down for about one hour then feeling refreshed I marched on to Bridge Port and found our Regt. there. We camped for the night, drew some whiskey and all hands took a drink, drew 3 days rations of meal and bacon. Capt Smith bought some flour and peas and divided it among the company. We cooked some peas and bacon and as I had eat nothing all day I eat very hearty. I think I must have eat a quart. After cooking our bread on ranrods I turned in. 5th: Turned out early this morning and got in the cars and started at 7 AM and arrived at Chattanooga at 11 AM, remained there until' 2 PM and started for Knoxville. We rode on a platform car very much crowded and the sun was dreadful hot and we were all as black as niggers with the coal dust that blew over us from the engine. I would run down through our shirt collars to our stockings and we were so much crowded that we barely had room to sit with our feet drawn up under us ala tailer. We rode all night and I did not get a wink of sleep. 6th: Arrived in Knoxville at 4 AM and marched to camps, got a cup of coffee and went to a large pond and had a good wash and swim, went back to camp and got breakfast, turned in and slept till dinner time, ate a hearty dinner of peas and bacon, had a smoke and knocked about camp the balance of the day. 7th: Moved to our old camping ground and was busy all day putting up tents etc. Jack Mason, Alfred Lowe, and I have been messing with the officers ever since I came back to the Regt. but we left the mess today and formed a mess of our own, for we are tired of messing with them. We have no cooking utensils except an old tin coffee pot and what we can borrow, but we are satisfied. 8th: I went to town today and bought some provisions for my mess consisting of peas, rice, onions. I also had a tooth extracted and came back to camp at 12 M. Our rations now consist of 3/4 lbs corn meal and 1/3 lb bacon and a little salt so that we have to spend all of our wages for food or starve. 9th: Rained all day. At dark we recvd. orders to pack up and be ready to start for Zollicoffer in half hours time. We got ready as well as we could. I left everything I had except a blanket and suit of under clothes. I had just washed my jacket so I had

PAGE 70

page seven to leave it and go in my shirt sleeves. I rode on the top of a car as there was no room inside and in fact the tops of the cars were crowded. We went as far as Strawberry Plains where the bridge is burt. It was very cold riding on the top of the cars and the cinders from the locomotive nearly blinded us. I turned on the ground and slept till morning. 10th: I turned out early and cooked breakfast consisting of mush and meat from a cow's Head that we broughtwith us. Our company was detailed to put the regiment acrost the river in a flat boat, it being the only chance to get across and our company are the only men that know anything about a boat in the Regt. The river is very high and very strong current running. After considerable delay we all got across and started in the train at 2 PM. Stopped at Greenville 2 hours for the mail train to pass. At the end of that time as the train did not come we started and went to Limestone Depot and laid over all night waiting for the train to pass for the conductor was afraid to go any further fearing that it would run into us. During the night a man passed a bucket full of whiskey to us on top of the the cars and some of the boys got pretty merry on it. I took a couple of good horns myself. llth: The mail train passed us thismorning at 8 1/2 oclock and we started immediately and arrived at Zollicoffer at 9 1/2 AM, got out of the cars and camped acrost the river. Drew 5 days rations and after dinner I took a nap for I have had no sleep for two nights. 12th: Moved to the left about 400 yards and built sheds of bark to protect us from rain and sun. 13th: I went into the country today to buy provisions and after walking about 6 miles and inquiring at every house that I passed I finally bout 16 onions for $2.00 and this is the average of prices for everything that we get. 16th: I received a letter from my mother today, all well at home. 19th: At 11 1/2 PM we were aroused and ordered to pack up and cook 2 days rations and be ready to march in 2 hours. We cooked part of our rations and turned in again. 20th: Started at 7 AM marched 3 miles on the R.R. Tracks halted and rested 15 minutes. Started again and marched 2 miles when we passed the road that was broken, took the cars and stopped at Bristol Tenn for a few minutes. Started again and stopped for a few minutes at Abington, Va. Started again and arrived at Glade

PAGE 71

page eight Springs, Va. I was on the top of a car and the sun very warm. We waited there in suspense for 3 hours expecting to start every moment. At the end of that time I cooked and ate supper and went to sleep on the wet ground, but slept well all night, very heavy dew. 21st: Turned out this morning well and hearty, our blankets wet through. At dark it began to rain and continued all night. I remained in the rain with my blanket over me till midnight and then went to an old shed where I remained till morning but got no sleep for the shed was crowded. 22nd: Continued to rain all day. In the afternoon drew one days ration of flour, no meat. We baked and eat the bread very quick for we were all very hungry, having had nothing to eat all day. I slept in a box car at night. 23rd: Took our things out of the car this morning as it was going off. Drew 3 days rations, only 1/3 lb bacon per day to a man. In the afternoon we had batallion drill and dress parade, over 50 men were absent without leave in the country foraging. None absent from our company, and the consequences is there is a strong guard put around camps every night. 24th: Company drill for one hour in the forenoon and batallion drill and dress parade in the afternoon. Rained in the night and the most of us got a good wetting as we had no shelter. We threw our blankets over our heads and sat up until the rain was over and then rolled up in our wet blankets and turned in on the wet ground. 25th: I went to the country foraging this morning, bought some potatoes and a few peas. I could get nothing else. In the afternoon drew rations and for the first time since I've been in service we got 1 3/4 lb of flour per rations. It rained all afternoon and nearly all night. 26th: Rained nearly all day, in the afternoon had general inspection and dress parade. Just as we got through the rain begain to fall in torrents and continued all night, but we have to stand and take it as we have no shelter. August 7th: We have been living like fighting cocks since last date for we get 1 1/2 lb. flour, 1 lb good fat beef, a little rice, sugar and salt per day and we conscript as many potatoes as we want and buy onions, cheese, butter etc. whenever we want it. Milk we get for nothing, so we are getting on finely. The people here are all good southerners and very kind to soldiers. Our regiment moved to a new camping ground yesterday. It is a nice

PAGE 72

page nine cool shady hill near the hill that we are fortifying. We moved in the morning and I was hard at work all day carrying boards and bark from on the old camping ground and building me a shelter and platform to sleep on. My 2 messmates at work on the fortifications so I have to do it all myself. In the afternoon I drew and issued rations. At night "Jack the Rat" my messmate went in the country and conscripted a bag of fine potatoes. I slept in my new shanty on the soft side of an oak plank with one blanket over it but slept sound. 8th: There is a revival going on in the Regt. and half of them are being converted which makes better for us as they will not gout so often after potatoes etc. and our boys will stand a better chance to get more for the Psalm singing hypocrites will be afraid of being found out and being expelled from church. The preacher is a regular "shorter" and can be heard for miles off yelling out Hell fire and Brimstone which just suits the "Crackers".' A good sensible preacher could not get along with them. Our company have always been looked upon as hard cases, but I suppose we will be called the ungodly company now. But we dont care a fig for any of them, for we beat them in everything that we undertake and they all know it, yet we are all on friendly terms. 20th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. All hands well and good living. Had dress parade this afternoon and Colonel Bullock had the following order read: Any commissioned officer, non com. Officer, or private found drinking, gambling, or swearing, should be court martialed and punished severely, also that tomorrow was fast day and that there would be preaching in the Regt. 21st: Drew 1 1/4 days rations of beef this morning which I thought strange as we are to fast today but'just as we got the beef to camp we were ordered to pack up and march to the depot We hurried up but had to wait at the depot for some time. While waiting there I saw Capt. Smith, Lt. Maloney and the doctors, and many more of the officers of our Regt. all pretty tight. Capt. S. Called me aside and gave me a drink of peach brandy and $10.00 to buy him a quart more of brandy. I got it and had another drink out of it. I then brought some for myself. Many of the boys in our company were gloriously tight which shows but little respect for Colonel Bullock's order of yesterday. We finally started and arrived at Bristol Tenn. where we took our things out of the cars and waited for some time for another train for we go no further in the train we came in. While waiting several of us got most gloriously tight At 9 PM we started for Knoxville. I slept on the top of the car as there was no room inside. I spread my blanket and Alfred Lowe and I lay on it and covered

PAGE 73

page ten with his. I put my cartridge box under my had for a pillow. During the night I awoke and found that my blanket and cartridge box was gone and Alfred's hat also. The car shook so much that I could not get to sleep any more for I was afraid of being shook off. 22nd: Arrived at Knoxville at 1 PM and marched to camp. On our arrival at Camps we were ordered to draw and cook 4 days rations and be ready to start in the morning at daylight on a march. My mess having quite a lot of provisions that we have been saving while at Glade Springs left it with an old woman in Shields Town to take care of for us. I left all of my clothes with here also for I am not able to carry a knapsack. After cooking my rations I went to a stream and had a good wash and put on clean clothers, then turned in and slept sound all night. 23rd: At sunrise we started and marched all day. It was very hot and dusty. I could not see a man 30 yards ahead of me on account of the dust, my feet were blistered and my shoulders hurt so badly that I could hardly get along. At 8 PM we halted and camped for the night, I drew 1 days rations of beef for tomorrow. I then went to a branch and had a good bath and then turned in and slept sound all night. 24th: Turned out early expecting to start again but remained here until dusk when the order was given to pack up and start for Loudon. The place we stopped at last night and today is called Turkey Creek. We started and marched all night. It was as hard a march as we ever had for the night was very dark and warm and the road very rough and in some places it was so dark that we could not see two feet ahead of us and to make matters worse we were not allowed to rest during the night. 25th: Arrived in Loudon at Daybreak, crossed the bridge and halted I laid down on the ground and slept about one hour, when we were ordered to fall in and crossed the river again and camped in a thick wood. We were ordered to draw and cook 3 days rations which was done. After I got through issuing rations I lay down and slept about 2 hours and then went to the river and had a swim, came back to camp, turned in and slept sound all night. 30th: Our Regt. Had been busy building batteries ever since we have been here and this morning we all went out on picket. Our company was on the outpost. We conscripted as many green watermelons and peas as we wanted. At dark we were ordered in and when we arrived at camps we found that the Regt. had left for Charleston, Tenn. We started immediately and overtook them before they had crossed the river. We crossed and marched about 2 miles and camped for the night, very cold.

PAGE 74

page eleven 31st: Started early this morning and marched all day. Passed through Philadelphia, Tenn. Sweet Water, Tenn. and camped one mile from Sweet Water. Drew 1 days rations of Corn Meal.and tainted beef. Cooked it and turned in. September 1st: Started early and marched until 4 PM. Passed through Athens and a small town called Mouse Creek. Camped at Riceville, drew and cooked one days rations of flour and bacon, turned in and slept all night. 2nd: Started at daylight and arrived at Charleston, Tenn. at 12 M marched through and camped 6 miles beyond, drew 3 days rations of Corn meal and beef with orders to cook them up and put the cooking utensils in the wagons before morning, which was done. It was midnight before I got to bed, but was soon asleep for I was very tired. 3rd: Turned out early this morning feelng very stiff and sore and remained here until 3 PM when our company was ordered to march to the Hiwassee river, distance 6 miles, to guard some steamboats. Arrived at the boats at 7 1/2 PM and posted pickets acrost the river. 4th: After breakfast I went in swimming and washed my under clothes and kept my pants and short on until they were dry, then put the under clothes on and washed the others for I have but one suit. Some of the boys killed a fine hog and brought a bushel of potatoes and we had a glorious dinner, the first good meal we have had for a long time. 5th: Some of the boys went foraging and wounded a hog but did not get it, so we will have to go without today and in fact our rations are entirely out, and we dont know where to get any more for there is no commissary within 6 miles of us. We bought a bushel of potatoes for $6.00 which will make just two meals. 6th: Sunday: I have soled my shoes today, a case of necessity. The boys killed two hogs which was quite a godsend. I went into the woods in the afternoon and got a fine lot of poppaus (Pawpaws), a very fine fruit about the size and shape of a mango. Heard Cannonading in the direction of Chattanooga during the day. 7th: At 4 PM some cavalrymen came on board with orders to burn the boats. We turned out and Capt. Smith ordered us to cook all the food we had and objected to burn the boats unless he had positive orders in writing, for he had orders to hold the boats at all hazzards, so the men went away. We got everything ready

PAGE 75

page twelve to burn them however and at 11 PM positive orders came for us to burn them and leave them as soon as possible for we were nearly surrounded by the Yankees. At 12 midnight we set fire to them and started for Cleveland. 8th: Arrived in Cleveland at 10 1/2 AM. We were all very tired for we had marched 20 miles without resting for we were closely pursued by the Yankees and it was so dark in some places that we could not see each other. On our arrival we jumped into the chars without permission from anyone for everything was in confusion as they were evacuating the place as the enemy were expected every moment and none of our troops are here. The train started at 11 1/2 AM and arrived at Daulton at 4 PM. We camped close to the R. Road. While at Cleveland we conscripted a bag of flour and some bacon. It belonged to government and we have drawn no rations since we left the Regt. 9th: My birthday and very dull one for we have nothing to eat but bread. We drew 2 days rations of flour and salt but could get no meat. at 3 PM 20 men and 1 officer were detailed to load cars. When they came back they brought a side of bacon weighing 60 lbs. and a box of tobacco which was divided among us. Col. Bullock's wife being in the cars near us we went and serenaded her. Real music, we sang Fairey Bell, Let me kiss him for his mother, and the Homespun Dress. At.the end of each song there was quite a clapping of hands in the cars. We went back to camps, took a smoke and turned in. 10th: All our company busy today loading cars, moved camps in the afternoon. One soldier shot another through the head killing him instantly. Everything in confusion loading cars with all kinds of government stores. Some of the boys conscripted a ham, a lot of sugar and other thing that we needed. llth: All hands at work loading cars, trains leaving all night and morning. Yankees reported close at hand at 10 AM. We were ordered to draw and cook 2 days rations and march to Lafayette, Ga, our brigade reported to be there. Started at 3 PM and marched until dark, halted by an old church and turned in. My clothes wet with perspiration and covered with dust but I slept well. 12th: At 3 AM we turned out and marched until 10 1/2 AM, halted and rested for 4 hours. All of us very tired for we had to climb some very steep hill, it was very warm and dusty. Soon after we stopped it rained which spoilt our rest. At 3 PM started and marched 4 miles when we met our Regt. who thought that the

PAGE 76

page thirteen Yankees had taken us prisoners. They welcomed us back very warmly and were very glad to see us safely back. Drew 2 days rations and cooked them. This place is Lafayette, Ga., remained here all night. 13th: Our brigade started early this morning to meet the enemy, marched about 4 miles and halted for 1 hour, cannonading in front. Started again and marched back to the place we left in the morning and camped for the night. 14th: Started at daylight and marched about 1/2 mile and halted in an open field for about 1 hour, then marched about 3 miles to the top of a hill, halted and remained all night. 15th: Drew 1 days rations of corn and flour bread which was not half cooked having cooked during the night by the wagoners of the Regt. The corn bread musty and the flour bread burnt outside and raw inside and very heavy. No meat. 15th: My breakfast consisted of musty corn bread and water. During the day drew 1 days rations of boiled beef, less than half pound to a man, miserable stuff. I must here state that nearly every man in the Regt. officers and all are blessed with some of Job's comfortors, the itch, head and body lice and bed bugs. I am one of the number and although I hunt for them every day I cant get clear of them. I got stocked on board of the steamboats and we will not get clear of them until this affair is over and we get into quarters again and boil our clothes and blankets, which is the only way to get clear of them. It is a common thing to see officers and men almost in a nude state hunting for the infernal devils. At 9 PM just as we were all turned in we were ordered to pack up and march and had it not been for the fires along the road we never could have got down the mountain. We had to go in single file, the fires looked grand. Took the wrong road and had to counter march for some distance. Arrived at our old camping ground and camped for the night. 17th: Turned out at 4 AM and drew 2 days rations half of which was cooked. At 10 AM we were ordered to pack up and march off. Marched all day and camped at night. It was a dreadful hot and dusty day. 18th: Marched this morning towards the enemy. Cannonading began at 12 M. Halted and rested 1 hour and again advanced. Double quicked 1 1/2 miles. Dust so thick that we could not see the ground. Halted at 6 PM stacked arms and broke ranks to the rear, gathered wood and just as we were lighting our fires we were ordered to fall in. Marched by divisions through a thick wood and halted 'in line of battle among the woods, stacked arms and

PAGE 77

page fourteen sent a detail after water. Heavy skirmishing in front. Turned in and at 10 PM just as we were sound asleep we were ordered to fall in without notice and marched about 300 yards and camped in line of battle. Slept with our accoutrements on and our guns in our arms. So cold that I could not sleep. 19th: Fell in and marched off at 5 AM, very cold. Formed line of battle in a large corn field, built fires to warm ourselves, ate my breakfast of sour corn bread and water. Heavy cannonading and musketry on our right and left, we are in the center. Moved at double quick and changed positions several times, pieces of shell falling among us several times. At 4 PM we engaged the enemy and charged them through an open field. When within about 400 yards of their battery we were ordered to right flank and marched at double quick to the right. The enemy threw a complete shower of grape, cannister, shell, and musketry among us but although we were exposed to their fire for some time our company did not have a man hurt but the Regt. was not so lucky for it lost a good many. The battle lasted until 9 PM and ceased but there was heavy skirmishing all night. At 4 PM we drew some bread and bacon which was greatly needed for I have had nothing to eat all day except a little sour corn bread. Very cold all night and no fires were allowed. I scarcely slept a wink all night but lay shivering with cold all night. The groans and shrieks of the wounded and volleys of musketry and falling of trees made it impossible to sleep. 20th: But little sleep all night. Built some small fires in the morning to warm ourselves. "Iron-clad" and bacon for breakfast. Proceeded to a point 1/2 mile distant where we planted a battery and opened fire accorst a large field but received no reply. At 2 PM changed position and planted some 24 pieces of artillery. Some slow firing from our side but received no reply. We then proceeded to the rear where it was expected that the enemy would try to outflank us. We lay there in ambush 1/2 hour, our company was thrown out as skirmishers. At 4 PM we were ordered to the front at double quick, distance 3 miles. We arrived there in 1/2 hour, In going there we had to pass through an open place on the brow of a hill and the enemy opened a heavy cross fire of grape, cannister, shell and shot but did not hurt any in our regiment. We rested a few minutes and then we.were ordered to charge a hill 1/2 mile distant. We went at double quick and got to the foot of the hill at dark. The enemy seeing us sent a man towards us to see whether we were their own men or not with directions to fire if we were enemies but we took him before he could fire his gun, therefor the Yankees took it for granted that we were their own men. We then proceed to the top of the hill within about 50 yards of them and halted and took 30 prisoners when the Yankees opened a fierce fire upon us. We soon silenced them. They tried

PAGE 78

page fifteen to escape by running but they ran into the 6th Florida and were all captured. Our company captured a colonel and several officers and horses belonging to the general's staff. All the prisoners except the officers were armed with Colt's 5 shooting rifle. Our brigade took 470 prisoners including those we took. We then marched nearly all dead for want of water and were very tired and sleepy. I and 2 more of our company took all the canteens and went after water 3 miles distant. We came very near loosing our way and did not get back to the Regt. until 2 AM. I then eat a little supper and slept about 1/2 hour, for it was so cold that I could not sleep. 21st: At 4 AM, we turned out and at daylight marched off about 1 1/2 miles and halted, formed line of battle, stacked arms and remained there all day, the enemy being completely routed. The ground was completely covered with dead and wounded. Drew 2 days rations of corn bread and boiled beef. Our troops carrying off the wounded and burying the dead all day. It was a terrible sight, friend and foe lying side by side. 22nd: At 10 1/2 AM started on a march at quick time, halted at 12 1/2 PM, rested 1 hour, started again and marched till 5 PM, stacked arms and drew 2 days rations of flour and 1 of meal, no meat. It took us unil daylight to bake it, for we are short of cooking utensils. 23rd: Started for Chattanooga at 8 AM and halted 2 miles from the city, formed line of battle and lay down on our arms. The enemy shelled us for some time and had we been standing up many of us would have been killed for the pieces of shells flew around our heads very close and plentiful. We did not reply to them but remained here all night, no fires allowed. 24th: At daylight the enemy began to shell us but did not hurt any of us. At 9 1/2 AM marched off a short distance and halted in line of battle. Remained there about 1/2 hour and marched a short distance, halted, stacked arms and sat down. Drew 1 days ration of boiled beef, remained here all day, the enemy shelling us occasionally but without effect. We made no reply. At 11 PM we were aroused by heavy picket firing and soon after the enemy opened their batteries on us. Our battery opened in reply and soon silenced them. We then lay down and slept till morning, very cold and no fires allowed. 25th: All quiet in front. Drew 2 days rations of boiled beef. At 9 AM we moved about 1/2 mile and stacked arms under the lee of a high hill and remained there all day. At 5 PM we commenced building breastworks of fence rails and worked till dark when we ordered to fall in, but did not move away. At 10 PM just as I

PAGE 79

page sixteen was asleep the sergeant major called on me for 3 men to picket guard and a few minutes after the adjutant gave me orders to have one third of the company up at a time all night so that in case of an attack we could all be aroused quick. All quiet through the night except an occasional volley of musketry fired by our pickets. 26th: Could hear the Yankee bands playing this morning quite plain. At sunrise our pickets and the Yankee pickets had a hot engagement and we fell in and marched to their support, halted in sight of them for we were not needed. The enemy opened a battery on our pickets and one of our batteries returned the compliment and kept it up for some time. We remained there about a half hour then marched back to the place we came from and stacked arms. Remained there until 2 PM when we were relieved by the 63rd Va. Regiment. We marched about 3/4 mile to the rear, stacked arms and drew 2 days rations of corn bread and boiled beef and prepared to stay here all night. Built fires, spread our blankets and some of us had just turned in when we were ordered to fall in an march a short distance and halted behind some breastworks where we had 2 batteries and remained there all night. 27th: Just 2 years today since I left home. We are behind the breastworks this morning, all quiet through the night. Some of the boys that were lucky enough to steal some ears of corn from the horses last night are busy grating it and making mush of it for we are almost starved to death, we draw enough in 2 days to make one good meal. Firing through the night. Our men at work all night throwing up earthworks for our artillery. 28th: Everything quiet this morning. Some of the boys busy grating corn and making mush. I have been very unwell for several days. I have witnessed the shooting of a man for desertion and joining the Yankees. He belonged to a Tennessee regiment and was taken prisoner yesterday. He deserted on our retreat from Tallahoma. It was a very solemn affair. Drew 1 days ration of corn bread and beef for tomorrow but as everyone is very hungry they eat it all for supper, so we will have to fast tomorrow. Quiet all night. 29th: Drew 1 days rations of corn bread and bacon, just enough for one meal and we eat it up immediately although it is for tomorrow. There is some rasonlity about it for our full rations are drawn from thebrigade commissary and then cooked at the wagons. We think that our commissary sergeant sells it. 30th: All quiet through the night. Our men at work all night building breastworks. Nothing to eat but we are all well

PAGE 80

page seventeen supplied with lice. Many of the Regt. sick from drinking bad water and poorly cooked food. I think we will all be sick soon if they don't give us more food. October 1st: Began to rain at 5 PM yesterday and rained all night, no tents, so we have to stand and take it all night. Mud ankle deep and not a wink of sleep. Stopped raining at midnight when we stripped off and dried our clothes by the fire. All hands as hungry as wolves and nothing to eat. 2nd: One third of the Regt. digging ditches and building breastworks. Drew 1 days ration of beef and cornbread and one drink of whiskey. All hands busy cleaning guns and drying clothes. At 8 PM just as I was sound asleep I was called to draw rations for tomorrow, drew bread and bacon and issued it. A guard was then called for from every company to give the alarm in case our pickets should be drove in. All quiet through the night. 3rd: All quiet today. I am very unwell. Our troops busy throwing up breastworks all night. 4th: Sunday, expected to open the "ball" this morning but everything quiet along the line. Our Regt. on picket. I am very unwell having been up half the night with diarrhoea which I have been troubled with for some time. All quiet through the night. 5th: I feel much better today. Slept but little during the night it being so cold that I had to sit by the fire half the night. At 11 AM the first gun was fired by one of our batteries and a slow firing was kept up until 3 PM when it became more general. All became silent and dark when we were relieved and marched back to the breastworks every man carrying a fence rail on his shoulder to build fires with. It was an odd sight, being at dusk. I was sick all night. Heavy frost during the night. Toward morning 6 cannon shots were fired at the enemy. 6th: I am very unwell today. At 10 AM our brigade was relieved and we marched to the rear and camped in the woods. Our wagons came up and we drew 1 days ration of corn bread and raw beef and our cooking utensils for which we are thankful as we can now cook our own rations. Rained all night and very cold. We had to stand and take it for we have no shelter and no axes to out wood with. 7th: Very cold all day. In the afternoon drew 3 days rations of meal and flour and 2 of beef. All quiet through the night.

PAGE 81

page eighteen 8th: Drew some clothing today. I am quite sick and in fact all of the company are in the same fix from eating bad beef and drinking bad water. A little cannonading through the day, all quiet tonight. 9th: Inspection of arms in the morning, drew 1 days ration of blue beef, all quiet. 10th: At 1 PM our brigade fell in and marched about 1 mile and halted in line of battle in an open field to be reviewed by President Davis. At 3 PM he came up escorted by all the generals and their aids in the army. As he stopped opposite each Regt. he received 3 cheers and on returning received a regular "Rebel" yell. I saw Genl. Bragg for the first time. We then marched back to camp and drew 2 days rations of flour, 1 of beef and 1 of bacon. While drawing rations the Regt. was ordered on picket. I and the sick remained in camps. I baked bread for my chum and myself before I went to bed. Quiet all night. 11th: After taking the sick to the doctor I went out to the Regt. and remained there all day and night. 12th: Rained a little at 4 AM. We were relieved at 8 AM by the 63rd Tennessee Regt. and marched to camps having been on quard 38 hours. Quiet all day. Began to rain at 11 PM and'continued to fall in torrents all night and as I had no shelter I got drenched but had to stand and take it. 13th: Rained all day and oh what a fix we are all in, wet to the skin and everything we have are soaking wet, rations, blankets, guns and everything else. Mud ankle deep. Rained all night and of course I got no sleep. Some of the boys have made tents of their blankets but mine is so small and thin that it is of no use but to throw over my shoulders. 14th: It still continues to rain and I feel none the better for it, have had no sleep for 2 nights and my clothes have been wet for 2 days and nights. Drew 1 days ration of very poor beef, rained all day and night. 15th: Still raining. Drew 1 days ration of flour and bacon, hardly a chance to cook as it rains incessantly.and the mud ankle deep. At 8 PM the rain ceased and we were up nearly all night drying our blankets and clothes by the fire. Turned in on the wet ground and slept sound until morning. 16th: I feel greatly refreshed this morning having had a little sleep for the first time in four nights but I have a violent cold and pain in the breast. Nothing to eat for the roads are so bad

PAGE 82

page nineteen that the wagons can't get along. All hands as hungry as wolves. I went to bed but was so hungry that I could not sleep for when I would dose off I would dream that I was at my mother's table eating all sorts of nice things, then wake up and find it all a dream. Very cold and a heavy frost. Suffered very much with rheumatism in my hip and pain in my breast. 17th: Got up this morning as hungry as a wolf and nothing to eat. Drew 2 days rations after dark and it was not long before we had some mush cooked and eat. After satisfying our hunger we baked bread for tomorrow as the regiment goes on picket in the morning. Cold all night. 18th: Turned out early and took the sick to the doctor. The Regt. went on picket, I remained in camp to draw rations if they come and I have to take medicine. Rained all day. 19th: Drew 2 days rations of meal and beef which was as lean as carrion. At 1 PM the Regt. came back as hungry as sharks. I had dinner ready for my messmates which they eat with a keen relish. I have been suffering all day with a violent headache and had a hot fever all night. 20th: I reported sick this morning and the doctor gave me 2 powders and rubbed my breast with croton oil. In the afternoon drew 2 days rations of flour. Cold all night. 21st: Sick this morning. Took a blue pill about half the size of a pigeon's egg and rubbed my breast with croton oil. Began to rain at 9 AM and continued all day very heavy. Most of our camp ground overflowed. Sick all night, violent pains in my breast, head and bowels and severe cough. 22nd: I feel some better today. My breast is one mass of blisters caused by the croton oil. Took 2 more pills. One of my messmates went foraging and got a beef neck and some tails which was very acceptable as we were out of meat. Rained all night and very cold. 23rd: Rained all day. Got breakfast at 12M and dinner at 5 PM. Mud ankle deep, almost impossible to keep a fire burning, everything wet and unpleasant, rained all night. 24th: Our regiment went on picket at 6 1/2 AM. Very cold. I remained in camp. Nearly all sick men were ordered to pack up and march to a new camping ground. We did so and marched 3 miles to the right and camped at the breastworks on a cold blank place. We built fires and turned in but it was so cold that I slept little. Gathered a lot of poles to build a hut with before I went to bed.

PAGE 83

page twenty 25th: I got up at 4 AM it being so cold I could not sleep. At 10 AM the regiment arrived and I and my messmates went to work building a hut to protect ourselves from the wind and rain. In the afternoon just as we had it nearly completed we were ordered to fall in and give room for the Ist Fla. Regt. We moved just far enough to throw my hut into their lines so I pulled it down and carried it to where we are to stop. Cooked and eat dinner and supper together and turned it. Felt very unwell all night. I sat by the fire half the night. Very cold all night. 26th: Busy all day building a hut. Drew 1/2 gill molasses per man. It was sent to the Fla. troops by the people of Florida. 27th: Busy all day on our hut which is built of poles, corn stalks, straw and dirt. It makes a warm and comfortable hut but I don't think it is healthy. General inspection in the afternoon. 28th: At 3 AM we were ordered to fall in and march to the left which we did very reluctantly for we have all been hard at work since we've been here building huts and just as we get tolerable comfortable we have to leave it. But this is the way a soldier is treated. After marching and countermarching and humbugging half the fornoon we camped on a hill between the first and second row of breastworks. Shelling from both sides all day. Drew 3 days rations of bread stuff and 1 of beef. Shelling all night. 29th: Several of us were drilled today for swearing. I was one of the number. Our captain has got very pious and particular lately. I told him that when I joined the Confederate Army that I did not intend to become a Methodist preacher and if he thought he could make a preacher or hypocrite of me by punishment that he was mistaken for the more he punished the worse I would be for I was neither a slave or a school boy. He thought it strange that nobody else said anything about it but me. I told him that I was talking for my rights. 30th: Rained all day and night. At 10 AM our Regt. went on picket. I remained in camps as I had a lot of company writing to do. 31st: Rain ceased at 4 AM but it was bitter cold all day and night. Mustered for pay in the afternoon the Regt. having come off picket. Drew 4 days rations but no salt. November 1st, 1863: Cold but pleasant all day. Capt. Smith went to Atlanta this morning on business. The boys all glad that he is gone for he has become quite a tyrant lately and we all dislike him. Lieut. Bethell went to hospital today and Lieut. W. C. Maloney is sick in camp which leaves me in command.

PAGE 84

page twenty-one 2nd: Company drill in the forenoon, 3 of our Co. absent without leave gone to the butcher pen to get meat for our rations are not sufficient for us. They were reported to the Col. and I suppose will be punished. Shelling from both sides all day. 3rd: Nothing unusual today. Shelling of course but we have become so used to it that we hardly notice it. 5th: Our Regt. on picket today and there is no Comd. Officer I had to go with the Co. Rained all day and night. I lay down and slept a little but the water was about 2 inches deep under me so after a short nap I turned out and say by the fire. Rain held up at 4 AM cleared off, very cold. 6th: Clear and pleasant but cold, everything wet. Everything quiet through the night except that one of our officers got on the outside of our picket line it being so-dark that he could not see. One o'f our pickets fired at him but did not hit him. We were relieved at 10 AM. On our arrival at camps we drew some clothing and rations. Dress parade in the afternoon. We are now in Buckner's Division, Hardee's Corps. Quiet through the night but cold. 7th: Cold and foggy this morning. Received a letter from S. R. Mallory in answer to the one we wrote him from Glade Springs, Va. requesting a transfer to the Navy. He said that whenever there was a call for seamen that we would be transferred. 8th: Very cold. Capt. Smith returned today. Brigade inspection in the afternoon. Capt. Smith offered us some brandy but we declined drinking any. He seemed very anxious to get into our good graces again but he can't wait until he does better. 9th: Our Regt. on picket today and it is bitter cold. I remained in camps, my messmate A. B. Lowe went to the butcher pen and got 7 cows hoofs which we cleaned and cooked all night. 10th: Very cold today. Made a fine cheese of the cows hoofs which is made as follows: the hoofs are builed to a jelly and a little corn meal, pepper and salt added to it and then poured into pans to cool. Drew 3 days rations of bread stuff but no meat and none to be had for the present. Regt. retd. at 10 AM. llth: Company drill in the morning and battalion drill in the afternoon. 14th: Our Regt. moved today. We are now in a brigade composed of all Floridians. Our new camping ground is low, wet nasty, muddy place. Drew 4 days rations in the afternoon.

PAGE 85

page twenty-two 18th: We have been hard at work for the last four days building a log chimney and additions to our hut. Have to carry the wood 3/4 mile on our shoulders. Heavy firing on the right yesterday. I went to A. F. Lift yesterday to try to get detailed to work in the Navy Yard. I am our of rations, nothing to eat all day. 19th: All quiet today except an occasional shot from Lookout Mountain which was returned by the Yankees. 20th: Drew 4 days rations. Rain all day. Detail of nearly every man in our Co. to work on roads 6 miles distance. 21st: Still raining, ceased at 12M. Scarcely any cannonading today. 22nd: Fine clear day, very cold. Heavy cannonading on the right. Inspection at 9 AM At sunset ordered to fall in and move to the; right 1 mile, found fine quarters that had been built by some of our troops that had just moved. 23rd: Slight rain in the forenoon. The enemy advanced at 2 PM and drove our pickets in and just as I was about to eat my dinner we were ordered to fall in and march to the breastworks at double quick so I had to go without any dinner. At 3 PM our Regt. was detached from the brigade and sent to the right 4 miles. We went up on Missionary Ridge at 5 PM and remained there in line of battle until 8 PM when we were relieved and marched back to the breastworks, distance 1 mile. Remained there until 12 midnight. During the time I went back to camps and got my blanket and knapsack and started back to the Regt. and when I got within half mile of it I met them going back to camps. We arrived at camps at 2 AM. I then cooked my rations for the next day before going to bed. 24th: At daylight we were ordered to fall in and go to the breastworks. Very foggy, cold and misty rain. I remained there until nearly night when I was ordered to go to the camps and draw rations for the company and attend to cooking them. Our Regt. went on picket at 6 PM. Fighting all day at Lookout Mountain and continued until 2 AM when our forces evacuated the mountain. I drew 3 days rations at 10 PM and three of us went to work cooking them. At 11 PM just as we had got nicely started in baking bread we were ordered to carry our cooking utensils to the top of Missionary Ridge, it being to steep for the wagons to go up loaded. Two of us carried them up and hard work it was for the hill was very steep. By the time we got through it was nearly daylight.

PAGE 86

page twenty-three 25th: At 7 AM some of the boys came in from the company to get the rations. The enemy were shelling our quarters at the time and some of their shells fell among our huts but nobody hurt. We carried the rations to theCo. who were then in the breastworks about 3/4 mile to the right of us and issued it to them, the enemy shelling us all the time. We moved up and down the breastworks several times during the forenoon. At 2 PM the enemy advanced on us in 4 columns. They played us a Yankee trick by bringing out their artillery covered with ambulance covers and we all took them to be ambulances until they opened fire on us. They advanced on us in fine style. We held our fire until they were within about 300 yards of us and then poured a deadly fire into them and made many of them bite the dust but we were very few in number, merely a line of skirmishers in single rank and scattered at that. I judged from the looks of their numbers that there must be all of 100,000 men. We mowed them down until they were within 30 yards of us and then we retreated up the hill and made a short stand at the second breastworks, but it was of no use for although we mowed them down yet they advanced on us and we were again forced to retreat and then came the worst part of the fight for the hill was dreadful steep and the enemy kept up a continual fire and threw a continual shower of bullets among us and I only wonder that they did not kill all of us. Many a poor fellow fell exhausted and was taken prisoner. I did not think that I should be able to reach the top for I had on a heavy knapsack and 3 days rations in my haversack and a canteen full of water. I stopped several times and took a shot at the d--d Yankees and at the same time it rested me. The bullets flew around us so thick that it seemed impossible to escape unhurt. I would have thrown away my knapsack but could not get it off and it was lucky for me for a bullet struck my knapsack at the right shoulder and came out at the left shoulder making 23 holes in my blanket. When I reached the top of the ridge I was so much exhausted that I fell down and lay there for several minutes to recover breath. Then I got behind a log and went to work with a will shooting Yankees. They advanced slowly keeping a continual fire. We mowed them down by scores when unfortunately for us our artillery got out of ammunition and retired but we held the ridge until the enemy were on the top and had their flags on our breastworks. We then retreated down the hill under a shower of lead leaving many a noble son of the South dead and wounded on the ground and many more shared the same fate on the retreat. We retreated in great confusion, men from different companies all mixed up together. I arrived at Chicamauga Station at 8 PM and there the different brigades formed. After searching around for some time I found our Regt., that is a portion of it, for many of

PAGE 87

page twenty-four them were missing. We crossed the pontoon bridge and marched for Dalton, Ga. I marched until about 10 PM when I and several more of our Regt. fell out and built a fire and remained there all night. My messmate A. B. Lowe stopped with me. Poor fellow he had to throw away everything he had except his gun and accoutrements when he was going up the ridge. 26th: Turned out early and eat breadfast of corn bread and boiled beef that I was lucky enough to save through the battle. My messmate had nearly all my rations in his haversack and lost them with his other things. Started and marched all day, resting however when we felt tired. Arrived at Ringgold at 5 PM where I met several of our company. Our Lieut. Col. was with them and tried to draw rations for them but there was none in the place so we marched off and crossed the bridge and camped 1 mile from town. I went out and tried to shoot a hog but could not find any. Built a fire and turned in very tired and hungry. 27th: Started early in the morning and marched to Dalton by 6 PM where I found Lieut. Maloney and some of our company. The brigade was camped at the old hospital buildings 1 mile from Dalton. I then found that the casualties of our company was as follows: Capt. R. B. Smith and Privates Joseph Bartlum, John Pont and John Jackson wounded and Pri. Joseph Fagan, Charles Comb and Wm. Herrymand missing. Our Regt. lost a good many including the Col. who was taken prisoner. Cold and raining all night. 28th: At 3 AM I was called to draw rations and after standing in the rain for about 3 hours I got about enough half cooked corn bread and boiled beef for one day but it is 3 days rations. Very cold all day and night. 29th: Very cold all day. After breakfast my messmate and others went into the woods and shot 2 pigs which was a great treat for we were out of meat. In the afternoon Jack Mason, one of our Co. who is stopping in the hospital in Dalton as nurse, came out to see us and took 3 of our boys in with him and sent us a bag of potatoes, 1/4 bag corn meal and some hard bread. We moved into the woods in the afternoon it being warmer there than at the hospital buildings. 30th: Very cold all day and night. December 1, 1863: Brigade inspection in the forenoon. Drew 3 days rations, very scant. I was busy all day making reports and returns. At night we were informed that General Bragg was to be serenaded and that any of us that wished to go could do so. The

PAGE 88

page twenty-five Gen'l is relieved of his command by his own request and Gen'l Meade is now temporary command. I did not go as it was too cold. Some of the Co. went and said it was a nice affair. Speeches from different Gen'ls, etc. 3rd: I got a pass and went in town and brought some provisions, returned to camp and then went in search of a butcher pen to try and purchase a liver or any kind of meat but after walking about 8 miles and visiting four pens I returned without a thing for livers, tripe, hoofs, and everything else were spoken for before the beef was killed. Everybody are most hungry for we get but 3/4 lb. beef per day and miserable stuff at that. When I got back I was tired and hungry for I had eat nothing but a little corn bread in the morning. Rec'd 2 months pay $40.00. At night our new Brig. Gen'l was serenaded. 7th: Battalion drill in forenoon. Our Luit. Col. undertook to drill us but made an ass of himself for he knows no more about tactics than my old grandmother. After humbugging us a while we went back to camps. Dress parade in afternoon. 8th: Rained all day and night, very unpleasant. Cleared off towards morning -pleasant. 9th: Pleasant this morning. Battalion drill and inspection of arms at 10 AM. Dress parade in the afternoon. 10th: I got a pass and went to town to purchase some provisions for my mess but could get nothing but a little salt at $1.00 per lb. Returned just in time to escape going on dress parade, drew 5 days rations. llth: We were ordered to pack up in the morning and move to another place and build winter quarters but after packing up and falling in the order was countermanded and a detail sent to clear the camp ground. Dress parade in afternoon. 25th: Christmas day and a very dull one but I had a tolerable good dinner. I"' had one drink of whiskey in the morning. There was some serenading last night but I took no part in it for I did not feel merry as my thoughts were of home. We have been very busy building winter quarters since last date, and they are now finished and quite comfortable. January 1, 1864: Bitter cold all day, nothing but corn bread to eat and to make matters worse I am barefooted and have been for some time. We have had no snow yet but it has been raining for the past five days.

PAGE 89

page twenty-six [(From here on the diary is written on different paper and is not as well preserved.)] Feb. 6th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. 3 of our company started for home today on furlough. Sunday 7th: Cloudy and cold. Brigade inspection in morning. Rumors in camp that we are to go to the front or to Mobile, Ala. At dress parade many orders were read which we were sorry for as it was bitter cold and it took over an hour to read them. The most of the orders were respecting the proceedings of Court Martials in the cases of men from different commands for desertion, stealing, etc. Some of them were to have half their heads shaved and the letter D. pricked on their left hip, others to wear a barrel shirt, etc. 8th: Our regiment held a meeting this afternoon for the purpose of reenlisting for the war although our terms of enlistment will not be out for over a year. Lieut. Col Ingraham was called to preside and Lieut. B. F. Friest requested to act as secretary. The object of the meeting was then explained by Lieut. Col Ingraham in a few patriotic remarks and a committee of one man from each company appointed to draft resolutions expressive of the feelings of the Regt. vis: Committee: Sergt. T. W. Bront, Co. A; Pri. Wm. N. Campbell, Co. B; Serg. W. M. Robertson, Co. C; Sergt. J. A. Grigsby, Co. D; Lieut. S. Turman, Co. E; Sergt. J. F. Wheeler, Co. F; Sergt. W. M. Smith, Co. G; Sergt. J. F. Warren, Co. H; Pri. S. A. Lane, Co. I; and Capt. R. B. Smith, Co. K. The following preamble and resolutions having been presented by the committee, they were adopted unanimously with great enthusiasm: Whereas, our once peaceful country is being overrun by the invading minions of a despotic government actuated by the power of usurpation and led on in the presecution of this way by desires more corrupt and accursed than ever actuated the minds of the most tryannical nations making any claims to civilization and Whereas, in many portions of our beloved Confederacy lands are laid waste, cities, towns, and villages are destroyed, our citizens imprisoned, their property violently wrested from them and their wives, mothers, sisters and daughters suffering the most shameful abuses and intolerable insults and Whereas, the eyes of the oppressed ones are imploringly turned to us as their natural protectors and

PAGE 90

page twenty-seven Whereas, even at this moment Charleston is fiercely assailed with the avowed object of total destruction, Mobile is threatened, and General Grant's army stands ready with fire and sword to enter the very heart of our young republic and Whereas, there is no avocation more honorable or praiseworthy than that of a soldier battling for his rights against the oppressors of his country, the enemies of Constitutional Liberty, therefore be it Resolved, that we do reenlist for the war Resolved, that we despise Lincoln's amnesty proclamation as heartily as Butler's beastly "order" and would as soon think of giving our wives, mothers, sisters and daughters to the one as accepting the other, both bring dishonor of the deepest dye Resolved that the red smoke of battle shall be to us as a pleasant summer sky and the cannon's booming chorus as sweetest music until the last inch of territory wrested from us by the vandal foe shall be restored and the wronged and outraged South shall be recognized as a peer amongst the nations of the earth Resolved, that while we have the utmost and unequivocal confidence in the fidelity and wisdom of our legislators and while we shall cheerfully abide every will and obey all laws made by them, we do most respectfully ask that we, as a Regt. of volunteers, may be permitted to hold our organization as such, independent of any and all consolidations whatever and that we be permitted to reelect our own regimental and company officers, claiming it as a right belonging to all volunteers. Resolved, that in Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, and Joseph E. Johnston, the great war chief of the West, we recognize the greatest statesman and gallant warrior and pledge ourselves to follow the dictates of the one and the leadership of the other, whatever in their judgement the best interest of our country demands Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded through the proper channels to His Excellency President Davis, Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston and His Excellency Gov. Milton of Florida and that they also be published in the Gainesville Cotton States, Tallahassee Floridian and Journal and Atlanta Register. After the resolutions had been passed Capt. R. B. Smith who has just recovered from a severe wound received at Missionary Ridge, was called upon for a speech and he spoke at some length with such fire and pathos that it had a telling effect upon the command. The 7th Fla. Regt. may now be looked upon as one of the best regiments in the army. At night our company serenaded Capt. Smith who came out of his hut and made some very complimentary remarks to us. Feb. 9th: Nothing worthy of note, but a clear fine day. Cold at night.

PAGE 91

page twenty-eight Feb. 10th: Cold and windy all day. I see in the papers that 18 Yankee gun boats and transports have arrived at Jacksonville, Fla. and have landed a large force at that place. I suppose they intend to overrun the state. 12th: Very cold last night but warm and pleasant today. The papers state that the Yankees have advanced as far as Baldwin, Fla. 13th: The most of our Regiment went to town and serenaded Gen'1 Brackenridge who is about to leave for Virginia to take command of some troops in that state. He made a splendid speech in which he said that he regretted very much that he had to part with his old friends the Florida troops. He complimented them highly for their bravery, etc. Sunday 14th: Cold and a misty rain all day. Brigade inspection in morning. 15th: Rainy and warm. The Yankees appear to be advancing for we have a strong picket guard on the Knoxville R. Road. At Dalton they are exchanging prisoners, among them is a Yankee woman who is wounded in the thigh. She is dressed in men's clothing and goes by the name of "Tom". Some of our boys asked her why she was in the army in men's clothing. She said that the "Rebels" had killed her brother and beau and that she wanted revenge. She was wounded at the battle of Chicamauga. The weather cleared off in the afternoon but very cold. 16th: Wind from the north and very cold. 17th: Very cold last night and today. 18th: Cloudy and very cold. 19th: Very cold last night and today, the coldest weather we had had this winter. 20th: Cold and unpleasant but not so cold as it has been. Sunday 21st: Snow in morning but cleared off and we had a clear and pleasant day. Brigade inspection in forenoon. Cloburn's division passed here today enroute for Mobile. The papers state that the Yankees have done a great deal of damage in Florida. William Keane of the 3rd Fla. Regt. is to be shot for desertion on the 26th of this month. He stayed at home 18 months and made his brags that he could not be taken for he carried a double barreled gun wherever he went but Gov. Brown of Georgia had him

PAGE 92

page twenty-nine taken and sent to his command. Keane liven in Georgia but joined the Florida troops after deserting from a Ga. Regt. One of our company talked with him today and he said that as soon as he was out of the guard house he intended to run away again. Unfortunate man he did not know at the time that he was condemned to death. He is quite a young man, about 24 years of age, a fine specimen of a man and looks well. Feb. 22nd: At 9 PM just as I had turned in Capt Smith called all hands to turn out and pack up and be ready to march or fight at a moments warning. We got all ready and cooked 4 days rations of corn meal. We had nothing else to cook. I got through at 12 midnight, the whole camps busy cooking and many solling out bacon, syrup, sugar, potatoes, etc., at reduced prices. These are things that they had got from home. I turned in a little after midnight with a wretched headache and just as I got sound asleep I was called for to turn in our tent flies and thus I was humbugged until morning. 23rd: At 9 AM turned in our cooking utensils, only 3 ovens are allowed to a company, all the rest have to be left behind. At 3 P.M. we fell in and marched to the front, formed line of battle on a high hill near Buzzard's nest and about 3 miles from Dalton. Our whole division is here guarding Taylor's Gap. We formed line of battle at dark and as I felt very unwell spread my blankets and turned in and just as I fell asleep we were ordered to fall in and marched about 200 yards to the right and halted. I turned in again and slept pretty well. 24th: I got up early feeling much better. At sunrise our Co. and Co. C were ordered out as skirmishers. We marched to the front and deployed on a ridge about 500 yds in front of our Div. Al quiet until 1 PM when cannonading commenced in front and on our right. At 4 PM Wheeler's cavalry about 2,000 strong and 4 pieces of artillery came in from the front and formed in 4 lines on a hill in front of us. They had been skirmishing hard all the forenoon but sustained no loss. Heavy firing with small arms on our right at 5 P.M. At 5 1/2 PM the enemy advanced on us and our cavalry fired one round at them when about 1,000 yds off and retreated shamefully. We had to get behind trees and stumps to keep from being run over by them. I have often heard that the cavalry would not fight, but this is the first time that I have seen them in battle and hope it will be the last if this is a sample of their fighting. The enemy then directed their fire, all small arms, at us, but did not hurt any of us. We were not slow in returning it but with what effect I cannot say. A few pieces of our artillery opened on them and drove them behind a hill. about sunset their sharpshooters opened on us and are at

PAGE 93

page thirty it now and the bullets are flying around me in fine style there -a bullet has just grazed my head so I must stop writing and go to shooting. Firing ceased at dark but we were on the lookout all night and did not get a wink of sleep. It was very cold all night and no fire allowed. All was-quiet through the night. 25th: Cold and foggy all morning, cold all day. At sunrise commenced fighting and continued until 4 1/2 PM when our ammunition gave out and as the enemy had a cross fire on us of musketry, grape, shell, and canister we fell back in good order amid a shower of grape and cannister to our brigade. We lost 4 men killed and 10 wounded, our company was very lucky having but one man wounded. This was a heavy loss for the number engaged for we had but 120 men and this a great deal more than the average in a large battle. Our artillery then opened on the enemy's batteries and there was continual roar for the balance of the day. About 5 PM the Yankees charged a high hill on our right but our boys repulsed them handsomely with great slaughter. Tired and worn out as I was it made my heart leap for joy to see the blue coated devils run and I felt as though I could pursue them for miles without feeling tired, but they were not pursued. After dark our Co. and 2 more companies that had been out skirmishing with us went to work building breastworks in front of us for we expected that the Yankees would attack us in the morning. All the other troops had built breastworks while we were out skirmishing. We turned to with a will and a hard job we had for we had but one old dull axe to work with but we got through about midnight and are quite satisfied with our work for we have the best breastworks on the line. I turned in between two of my companions and slept well although it was bitter cold. 26th: At 4 AM we were ordered to fall in. Very cold and blowing very hard. The woods on our left, right, and front were on fire and burned furiously all night. Some of our wounded men that we could not get in on account of the Yankee sharpshooters were burned up. At sunrise we moved a little to the right where there was no breastworks which we thought very hard as we had been out skirmishing for 36 hours and no sleep but we went to work with a will and soon had a good breastwork although the Yankee sharpshooters were firing at us all the time. Skirmishing all day. Very cold through the night. 27th: Cold and windy all day, no Yankee in sight. At 12 1/2 PM our cavalry went to the front. All quiet through the day. Feb. 28th: A fine clear day. At 9 AM we were ordered to fall in and we marched back to our old camps with light hearts and

PAGE 94

page thirty-one hooting at every cavalryman that we met calling them cowards, etc. Our battle ground was at Taylor's Ridge, Comdg. Taylor's Gap, a splendid position, very strong. Everything we left at camps were stolen. 29th: Raining and unpleasant all day. Got a few of our cooking utensils, only 3 Dutch ovens and 3 water buckets. We had at least 12 ovens and several pots and camp kettles but they have all disappeared. Mustered for pay in the afternoon. march 1st: Raining all day. Drew a little whiskey in the afternoon, one drink per man. Stopped raining at dark and turned out very cold. 2nd: Cold and clear. Skirmish drill in forenoon and afternoon. 3rd: Skirmish drill in forenoon and inspection in afternoon. In the afternoon a transfer for 17 of us came to go to the Navy and there never was such a joyful lot of fellows as we were since the war began. I sent a petition to the Secretary of Navy about a month ago asking to be transferred from the army to the navy, in fact I and many more have been trying to get transferred for over two years and thank God have at last succeeded. The following is a list of names transferred: Robert Watson A. Murilao Rofeno Fallos I.P. Williamson R. Bryson Wm. E. Lowe Wm. O'Neil Jas. Barnett John Mason Alfred B. Lowe Z. Dorey Josephus Mose J. T. Lowe F. Dias M. Montes Decon Chas Chapman Wm. Franlin Capt. Smith was greatly put out at it for it leaves him with but a remnant of a company. 4th: All hands busy today turning in our arms and ammunition, accoutrements, canteens, haversacks, etc. I was busy all day making out muster rolls and descriptive lists. Each man has to be furnished with a descriptive list and we had no printed ones. We are in hopes of getting off tomorrow. 5th: I was busy all day mending clothes and finishing descriptive lists, etc. Finished all the writing, etc., but could not get off today but will leave in the morning. We were paid off in the evening. It is just two years today that we've been in the Confederate Army and it has been two hard years for us for we have had nothing but starvation, hard marching and fighting and bare footed and ragged half the time.

PAGE 95

page thirty-two 6th: Turned out at 4 AM, got breakfast and started for town at 5 AM, quite dark and cold. After waiting for some time succeeded in getting our transportation and started in the oars at 7 1/4 AM. Capt. Smith goes with us. Stopped at Tilton, GA. for a few minutes and at Resaca. This is a strongly fortified place. Stopped for a few minutes at Calhoun, Adairsville, Kingston, Cassville, Altona, Ackworth and Marietta. Bought a canteen full of whiskey for $35.00 poor stuff at that. Passed through several more places but did not know their names. Arrived at Atlanta at 4 PM, went to the Wayside Home registered our names, stowed away our baggage and went to the Fair Ground Hospital to see our wounded companion John Dupuy who was wounded at Taylor's Gap on the 25th of Feby. He was in fine spirits and doing well. Remained with him a short time and then took a cruise about town but it being Sunday everything was at a standstill. Went back to the Wayside Home and got supper which consisted of stale corn bread, rice, and boiled beef and sage tea, after which we turned in. 7th: At 2 AM turned out and went to the depot and started in a few minutes and after stopping for a few minutes at numerous small places arrived at Social Circle at daylight. Bought some whiskey at $25.00 per quart, got a good breakfast and then took a long walk about the place. It is a small village and a very pretty place. We took dinner with Capt. Smith at his sister's house. Her name is Mrs. Nebhut. We had a splendid dinner after which quite a number of young ladies came and played on the piano and sang songs for us until we started for the cars. It was the pleasantest and happiest day that I have spent since I left my happy home. The ladies were of the first families in the place, very pretty and accomplished, and very agreable. Mrs. Nebhut is one of the finest women that I ever saw. Started for Augusta at sunset and the cars were so crowded that we had to stand up all the time. 8th: Arrived in Augusta at 4 AM, here we remained until 1 1/2 PM and then took another train. Went to the Way Side Home and got an excellent breakfast and dinner. Started for Savannah at 1 1/2 PM and arrived at 7 PM. Went to the Way Side Home, stowed away our things, got supper and took a long cruise about the city and had a fine time for the small sum of $50.00 per man. Capt. Smith was one of the party and of course we slept some where else and not at the Way Side Home. 9th: At daylight I turned out and went to the W. S. Home, got breakfast and spent the forenoon in walking about, drinking brandy and looking for a good sword we wished to present to Capt. Smith but could not find one suitable, so we concluded to present him with $160.00 and request him to purchase one when he got a

PAGE 96

8/f 8th: Arrived at Augusta at 4 AM, here we remained until 1 1/2 PM and then took another train. Went to the Way Side Home and got an excellent breakfast and dinner. Started for Savannah at 14'/2'PM and arrived'at.7 PM. Went to the Way Side Home, stowed away our things, got supper and took a S long cruise about the city and had a fine time for the small sum of $50.00 per man. Capt. Smith was one of the party and of course we slept some where else and not at the Way Side Home. '' .. .. &R 9th: At daylight I turned out and went to the W. S. Home, got breakfast and spent the forenoon walking about, drinking brandy and looking for a good sword we wished to present to Capt. Smith but could not fine one suitable, so we consluded to present him with $180.00 and request him to purchase one we he got a chance. We never told him a word about our intentions until.I met him and addresses him as follows: Capt. Smith, we. the 16 former members of your company now transferred to the'navy, have tried in vain to purchase a sword for you as a token of Srespect and esteem that we have for you as a friend, a gentlemen, and as a gallant and efficient officer, and should the present amotht $160.00 be insufficient to purchase, a good one, for we want you to have'as good as a '. .sword as can be bought in the Confederacy, we request it as a right to let us know what the balance'is and we will forward it to you. Capt. Smith made a few appropiate remarks thanking us for the honor that we had conferred on him, etc. and assured us that he would do as requested and that he would always wear it with pride, etc. We then went to.a bar room and took Sseveral drinks together and many toasts were darank and we had a very pleasant time generally. Knocked about the city until 4 1/2 PM when we went on board .the C.S.PAM. Savannah and reported to our old friends, former members of Co.. K. who rejoiced to see us. There was a general sha4ing of hands and many questions asked and answered by both.parties. We were too late fof supper so we went 0( without.. Turned in on the berth deck and it was so dreadful warm that-:I slept : but little. At 12 midnight all hands were turned out to take in. awings for it was raining and blowing very hard. After taking it in and getting wet I turned in again and slept till morning. '6 Mar. 10th: At daylight all hands were turned-out and soon after we got' breakfast after which all hands turned to and worked until 1 PM getting a cannon out that was bursted-:at the muzzle. Got it in shore after-a great deal of hard work and humbugging and then got dinner, after which turned to and cleaned up" decks, etc. We then drew some small stores tonsisting of 'tin cups, pans, thread -nd soap. The soap is $7.30 per.bar. Capt. Smith came 'on board in afternoon and bad ,,s farewell.. He appeared much affected at parting and wished us sucess and happines:."etc. Raining all night. 4 March llth, -Raining all the forenoon, took in awnings and.spread thei. again several times during the day. Joseph Bartlum came on boeard to see us. He had been home on furlough and 'is now on his way back to his icommand. Jas. Barnett Sand Chas. Chapman were transferred to the steamer Sampson today. The balance of us were assigned to the.3rd division.and.formed the crew of the two broadside guns. After supper several songs were sung and then we turned in. A'i fr1 12th: A clear and pleasant day. Hard at work nearly all day. T .Sunday 13tht Preaching in 1-orning. I.wrote to my mother by flag of tr' ,Quiet and pleasant day. Washed and scrubbed decks, ladders, ect. in morng.. hands dressed in clean clothes.. Thii.' we have to do every Sunday mornir.ý out Sscrubbing decks is sledom done on'the Sabbath but it cduldn't. be. done yesterday ,all hauds were hard at work at the gun all day. Threelof the 7th'Fla. boys: came Sboard to see us. They are on their way home on furlough, Warm nro pleasant.. o s .. ---.1. --·-~-~--------------·--~-. ·-----,_... ..-.-.--~_."~---.

PAGE 97

l1i Nonday 14th: After breakfast all hands turned to taking in the new gun and removing skids etc. Got through at 12 1/2 PM, got dinner, pork, peas, and hard bread, good living to what we've been used to in the army. ) Worked a little in the afternoon. flr Tuesday 15th: All hands washing clothes and working on the bow gun, the carriage of which is being overhauled:and some work done to .it to make it run easy. Worked hard all day. I drew a hanmock and clbthes bag today. „'" Wednesday 16th: I am my chum Alfred Lowe went on shore after qrs and I am sorry to say we got most gloriously drunk. When we went on shore we met our 1st Boatswain's Mate and our Yeoman, both very fine men and we went to a bar room and took several drinks together, each treating several times, then we took a cruise about the city, went into several hounes of doubtful character and then got to drinking again. I spent $55.00 which was all the money I had and the others spentLhs much each or more than I'did, .for liquor is $2.00 per drink, measured out at that, a little over half a gill to a drink. '" Thrusday 17th: Felt very sick all day from the effects of the bad Sliquor I drank yesterday and must certianly say that I feel heartily ashamed of myself for making such an ass of myself. Luckily for.me I had sense enough left in'me to go on board in time and turn in. We had l eave of absence till (torn) PM and got on board just in.time. -Friday March 18th: I feel much better today and have made up my mind to go; on no more sprees during the war. I drew some clothing today which SI stood greatly in need of, 2-flannel shirts, 1 pr pants, 1 cap, and 1 matress. W ashed clothes':it forenoon and. fixed my hammock in afternoon. Drilled with }*small arms, Manard rifles which came very awkward to us at first for they are'very short, but soon got used to them and drilled.very well. I was on' watch from 8 PM to 12 midnight. .. SL /f Saturday 19th: Nothing much done'today, the caulkers still .at work caulking the gun deck. Numered our clothes bag in the afternoon. Pleasant . S all day, rd6eived a letter.from Lieut. W.. C. Maloney.. , :. S-.. ..': S Sunday 20th: A very pleasant day.-.No preaching and nothing much to S' do except swab decks etc. in morning. ., Monday 21st: .Pleasant in morning, rather cbbl. Swabbed decks, moved Sall the hammocks:.on deck out of the caulkers way. Rained all the afternobn Sand night, very :cold. Drilled at broadside guniin forenoon. Pf'-i Tuesday 22: Cold and raining all.day. Drilled in'forenoon at B.S. gun. I/' Working on-and off. all' day scraping decks and running chains and ropes on .' shore to secure the vessel as it is blowing hard. .: */ :7' Wednesday 23rdl Very.cold all day. All hands at work raising the bow I" gun and getting the carriage out of the way for the carpenters to work on the deck, it being unleveled. .fl -iThrusday 24th: Very cold all day, not much to do. I worked part'of the Sforenoon on an old stove and in the afternoon innde a slate frame for one-of ,ine S officers. Just as we were all turned in for the night all. hands were cal.ed to take in awnings, weather very qqually. • ... -.r-°'• -----

PAGE 98

Friday 25th: Raining in morning and everything wet and unpleasant. The spar deck le~akq badly, it is iron clad and cannot be caulked without taking .) th iron off, which is not likely to be done. Carpenters still at'.iork, very slow workmen. At 12 midnight all hands called to take in awnings, blowing heavy from the N.W. .: * Saturday 26th: Blowing a stiff breeze from the W.S.W., all.hands at P work holy stoning the decks, scrubbing paint work and hammocks. In the afternoon all hands were mustered on the spar deck to hear the sentence of Harry Burns read. lie had been court martialed for stricking an officer on Christmas night last and was sentenced by'court martialed to be shot to death with musketry, but the president had reprieved him and reduced him to the rate of a landsman. He was a quartermaster at'the time of the fuss. It . appears that he and others on board Christmas night broke into the spirit room and got a lot of liquor and got drunk and were very bpd noisey. The officers armed themselves and came among them and ordered them to stop the noise, but this made them worse and Burns struck one of the officers and cursed them all. They were all put in irons and kept on the spar deck for .-' several days and nights and it was bitter cold. They had'to sit on the cold iron which nearly killed them. At last the doctor interferred and told the captain that it would kill them if they were kept there any longer. "'They were sent on.-shore to jail. I was on watch from 8 P1 to 12 midnight. A.beautiful clear moonlight night. :lm Sunday 27th: A beautiful day and nothing to do. I wrote a letter to my old friend G. W. Edwards in Co. K. and several more for men that could not write themselves. Preaching in the afternoon by Mr. Fairfax, the sailing :.' master. ...'. L .:l .' .. .* * ' .t ;, Monday 28th: All hands washing clothes. Cloudy in the forenoon and Sraining in the afternoon. Fiddling and dancing at night. ' -^ ' Tuesday 29: Cloudy and raining during the day. :I was on picket in Suard .boat last night. We had to pull 4 miles and got on shore several times. At 10 PM a stiff breeeze sprang up and continued to blow hard all night and very pold. At-12 Al pulled on shore where there'is a picket guand and built a fire. Remained there until 5 AM when we started for the Ram. f Wednesday 30: Arrived on board at 6 1/2 AM. We had to pull against a ' strong tide and head wind. Got breakfast.and slept nearly all day for I did / not close my eyes all night it being to cold to sleep. Fiddling and dancing at night. ;:f L Thrusday 31: All hands scrubbing and holy stoning seeks, etc. We get S (torn) now for there is none in Savannah but we (torn) rice instead which is not half cooked and no salt in it, but this 'is the fault of the cooks. Nearly all hands are growling and saying that the rice is makingi them blind but I / say nothing for I have not yet forgotten the hard times that:;Ive had .in the army. ...... S.Friday, April ist 1864: All fool's day and mant a trick was played the Smen on each other. I was on watch last night, a fin' clear night. A hands ; * busy today holy stoning decks and.washing clothes, etc. Lieut. Carns who S was officer of the deck last night while I wason watch asked me"if I knew any seamen in Johnson's army. I told him that I would give him a list of names in the morning. ' S. ..>, J ,,,r , ..l.Oc^,·;r( .:. -V .: -, ..* , -r .• .. ..--

PAGE 99

• ,Saturday 2nd: Lieut. Carns started today for Johnston's army, and I -, gave him a list of names including 7 in Co. K so there .is some hopes .of the poor fellows getting out of the army at last. Fiddling, dancing and singing at night. 1 hiave been busy for the last day cutting type for the boys so that they can mark their clothes, for there is the greatest set of theives on board that I ever saw.. If one puts a thing down and turns.his back it. is gone. Sunday 3rd: General muster in the morning. The captain had a man put F7 in double irons for walking in a swaggering manner, but he is a bad man and all the officers are down on him. He was one of the men that got drunk and abused the officers on Christmas night and is one of the most disagreeable men that I ever saw.* Monday 4th: Raining all day, very high tides. The ship yard that we are lying'at is overflowed every high tide. : ' Tuesday 5th: All hands washing clothes, got the forward gun bapk in place i and it works well. Pleasant day. S Wednesday 6th: I did some carpenter's work in (torp) but I don't know T how they have found (torn) I am a carpenter. But I do not intend to (torn). for them for I did not ship for carpenter (torn) ordinary seaman. / [ Thrusday 7th: All hands holy stoning.and scrubbing decks, etc. . .. Friday 8th: Pleasant day, not much to do.. Took some provisions on board S in afternoon. I was on watch from 12 midnight to 4 AM. . * 'Saturday 9th: Raining and blowing all day..: *Sunday 10th: Hammocks and gratings taken on shore and all hands at-work scrubbing decks, etc. No preaching today. : 3 ..." .• . Monday 11th: In the afternoon manned.two boats and tood in a lot of ladies and officers and pulled about harbor and down to floating battery. .Got back . to the Ram at 7 1/2 PM feeling very tired for we were pulling from 2 AMl'till 7 PM. It may be very fine sport for them to.be pulled about.but not very. p to us. Drilled in morning. .... ..'. ' .' Tuesday 12tht Drilled in forenoon with small arms. .. ..: *: 0 o , ' ., * : " ..... .. ' Wednesday 13th: Drilled in morning, holy stoning decks, etc. I worked. . the balance of the day making a box for Capt. Pickney.' He leaves tomorrow for another station. All hands are glad he is going for he is very much disliked by the most of the crew. In the afternoon several of us went up town to the naval store and drew a pair of shoes each. Thrusday 14th: Drilled in morning. Worked all day making a frame for a small steam engine. Rain in afternoon.. Friday 15th: Rained all night and in the morning. Worked all day on the 'kframe. At night 7 men from Johnson's army came on board with our doctor and more are coming in the morning with Lieut." Carnes. One of Co. K is among t number, He says that there are only three men left in the company, the ..iance have all been transferred and gone to Columbus Ga. i-'''-^~'' * .-'~''" '"'~ '"" i .

PAGE 100

Saturday 16th: Quite cool in forenoon. I worked nearly all day on the frame. The balance of the transferred meh and Lieut, Carnes came on board in . forenoon. Rain in afternoon and all night. I am mess cook this week, each men .in a mess takes his turn and cooks for a week and as bad luck turns will have S it for a week, the ship is so much cr6wded.with men that we can hardly turn around. Teh new comers are formed in messes and as they have no cooking things they mUdis use ours which gives the mess cooks twice as much work as usual. Monday 18th: A lot of new-men went off today to another vessel. Mess cooks busy all forenoon scrubbing decks, mess chests, etc. Raining all day, very unpleasant." ... Tuesday 19th: Mess cooks all busy holy stoning berth deck and mess chests. Fifty of the new comers went to the floating battery Georgia in afternoon which leaves about twenty of them here. They are now assigned to this.vessel. One of our boats went down the river in the morning after d'sters, two midshipmen and four men went with her. They got a boat load and went on shore and built a fire and while they were opening and eating RobertjBryson and another man sneaked off and deserted and have gone to Fort Pulaski to the Yankees. The boat sis not get back to the: ship till next morning. I was on watch from 12 .midnight to 4 AM. Very cool for this season. i Wednesday 20th: At daylight our boat came back to the ship and confirmed S the report about the two men deserting, they had remained.:with the boat and Isearched all about for the two men thinking that they may have got lost in the '* swamp, but after waiting until nearly daylight then they were satisfied that:" they had deserted, so they started and came back to.the ship. Brysot was transferred .from our company with me, am greatly suprised at his desertion from the navy ' i where he had plenty to eat and little to do. (torn) of a chance to desert while *A .in the army. (torn) starved, half naked and marched nearly to (torn). I ;' .F April 22: Drill in morning. Pleasant day. Saturday 23: Holy stoning decks in morning., My (torn) out tonight andI am very glad of it for it is very warm. . 'i Sunday 24th: Rain in morning. Sand flies very bad in the evening. S.onday 25th: All hands washing clothes in morning. Pleasant day. Made * myself a cap during the day. i/ Tuesday 28th: Drilled at B.S. gun in morning and at small arms in afternoon. On watch all night. -' Wednesday 27th: All hands busy painting the ship with coal tar and a very .dirty job it was. . I Thrusday 28th: Washing and scrubbing decks in the morning, in the afternoon S our two boats were manned and took a lot of ladies out pulling. It began to rain soon after we started and all hands got a good ducking. It was glad of it and hope it will sicken the ladies of boating for a while at least. It is very.fine sport for them to be pulled about for miles but very hard work for us. Rained 'all day. '. Friday 29th: All hands scrubbed their hammocks in the morning, drillein forenoon. Very cool and damp all day. T .. ../ .... II --' ·------------··------·---------·-

PAGE 101

Tuesday 17th: All hands washing clothes in (torn) fresh beef and vegetable in morning (torn) Wednesday 18th: Went on board at 11 1/2-AM called ' and while there is dispa that our army in Virginia had . whose loss was 32 General officers this is cheering news and if we are everywhere, we are bound to have we have been sucessful everywhere this year. Hail storm and heavy rain in afternoon. Thrusday 19th: Got steam up and went down the river and fired three shots out of each gun at target. Made some good line' shots but none hit the target. While running about the ship got ashore and we had to remain until the tide raised which was at 5 PM. Got off and came to anchor opposite Fort Jackson. 20th: A very warm day,.all hands washing clothes. 21st: Issued fresh meat and vegetables. A very warm day. 22nd: A pleasant day. Good news from Virginia, our army still victorious. 23rd: All hands.washing clothes. Pleasant day. 24th: Pleasant, Thunder and lightning (torn). !i ' .* * '' * ' 25th: Got underweight at 1 PM and ran ... target and fired one shot from one of ..:. and hit the target. This is the first ' the target from the vessel. Went we lay in the morning. .. . news continue-to come from gives me strong hopes of ge t . : acting ship stewar ' -. (The dates of the next few ent ies are missing) pay is $32.00 per month while mine a ordinary seaman $18.00 per month yet I wnet to take it for it is a thank offi possible to please everybody and I dislike having anyone growling at me. It is an easy berth, the easiest on ship, and the wages good, but I do not value money much, therefore the wages is no object to me. Blew very heavy and rained .last night. Still breeze today hit very pleasant. S All hands washing clothes etc. and a pleasant day. After dinner our :;1'' st Lieut. ordered me to issue two day rations for forty men and two officers and have it cooked as soon as possible. I did so and at 2 PM our two boats and S 40 men started in company with boats and.men from different vessels on this Sstation. They have gone on an expedition to take a Yankee gunboat that is .blockading one of the channels or inlets leading to this place. Wednesday June 1st: Nothing worthy of remark in forenoon, after dinner Sget up some steam and came up to the city, made fast"alongside the dock and took on board new.provisions. Did not get through until 7 1/2 PM got supper and turned in. ! *.'

PAGE 102

.r Saturday 30th: Holystoning decks, etc. in morning. Heavy thunder and storm all night. The purser requested me.in the afternoon to issue rations until the steward got well. I promised to do so. Sunday May 1st: A fine clear day. :,I went in one of the boats and pulled a.lot of officers up to Exchange in the morning. Some fine flowers were brought aboard today, a sure sign that cold weather is over and oh[ how it make me long to see my dear sunny home where we have flowers all the year. (torn) in the afternoon. ,.. : ' Monday 2nd: All hands washing clothes in the morning. Took in-some wood and got up steam and dropt out.into the stream. Quite cool and: through the night. (Part of the page on which some of the entries made are missing.) clothes. I want on shore after breakfast a lot of blank requistions for board at 11.1/2 AM made out requistiosis in afternoon decks, etc. in morning, very warm day very warm all day. A small schooler started Nassau N.P. I wrote letters to my family.. did not have a chance to get them on left sooner than I expected . ** ' in the morning.on business with on board and assisted .in issuing clothing:.. S -, Tuesday 10th: Issued bacon, beef and vegetables t9day. It is.tthe S first fresh meat that we have drawn since I have been on board. The crew S was paid off during the day but I got no money and don't expect' to get any -i: for the next six months for it takes nearly all my wages to pay for my soap and tobacco. Soap is $7.30 per bar and tobacco is $3.00 per lb. We .are not allowed any clothing money but have to pay for everything we draw out of our wages. Some of the men have been on board oyer a year and this i: s the first time they have drawn any money and none of;them drew over S$30.00. Some did not draw a cent. ... Wednesday llth: A very pleasant day. Nothing worthy of note. .M6nday 16th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. I called on (torn) board the Str. Resolute and it:gave him , / and officers drawing rations on board that there was no more broad and that corn meal instead, also no more molasses. the meal came on board and I never in my life every one on board cursed the meal and swore .that to eat, I am of the same opinion the tiem and that but I find no fault and never -(torn). get enough to eat no matter that our government is poor. very high. I am fighting for the

PAGE 103

.Thursday 2nd: The steamer Fire Fly that towed our boats down returned today and reported that our boats did not make an attack last night as it S was to;bright and clear. [. , i: .. ... • ". Friday 3rd: In forenoon Lieut. Dalton sent for me and introduced me to a man who ,e informed me was our future ship steward and requested me to give him all the information that he needed. I showed him the books and how to keep them, and how to issue rations, etc. and explained everything that any man of common sense could need,,but he is the thickest headed man that I have seen for some time.' Our old steward had been sick in hospital for some time and I have been doing his duty during his absence. He came on board yesterday and I expected to turn the books (torn) Lieut. Dalton so, but he informed me that McLean was disrated. This is an act of injustice for he ahs been in service ever since the war broke out and the-man that takes h is place has just entered service to avoid being conscripted. In the afternoon the captain received a dispatch stating that our mei had attacked the U.S. Steamer Water Witch and that the Yankees had killed and wounded all our men except 30 who had made theor escape. When I heard the news I felt as if I had lost every frien that I had for I never felt so bad in.my life. All the Sofficers and men on board of.our ship looked down in the mouth, but thank God in about an hour a dispatch (The message was rec'd by telegraph operator Harding, now Ga. State Historian_ was received from one of our officers that went on the dxpedition stating that our men had captured the Water Witch with .-..--. small loss on our side. This amde us all feel much petter. I was on watch from 8 PM to 12 Midnight. At 9 PM Bill Lowe who was discharged today came on board .and informed us that he was just from the Navla Hospital'where several of our' S .own men and wounded Yankees were. They came up in ambulances.. Tom King and .Antone Williams are among them. They both beling to our. ship. They state the Jules Chabert (James Barnett -Glenoak Cemetery, St.'Pete) is badly wounded in the bowels and that he is not expected to live. He is so bad' off that they could not bring him up in the ambulances. Patrick Loftus one of our Qr gunners and Whiskey Bill were killed, also Moses our negro pilot (Called Pelot in message -Moses Pelot) was killed ..These men belonged to bur ship and their death is very much regretted by all tie'officers and crew 'for they were good and brave men. : .' : / Saturday 4th: Jack Perry our boatswain's mate arrived at hospital today. He is.severely wounded in.the thigh but would not give up and foughtlike a hero until the vessel was taken. Lieut Pelot who commanded the expedition was killed. During the day his remains together with those of the other killed were brought to the city and in 'the afternoon all the men were (torn) to the funeral of Lieut Pelot. We fell in and marched up to his " late residence!and just as we got there the rain began to fall. in torrents. We then marched.into the basement of the house and remained there for about an hour, but aq;the rain continued to fall in torrents and it was getting late we fell in. again and marched with the corpse through the mu. and water ankle deep to the Episcopal Church where the funeral service was read over him, then marched to Laurel Grove Cemetery, about three miles from the city, and buried him with military honors. Laurel Grove is the prettiest cemetery I have ever seen. Marched back to the ship and through mud and rain and arrived at 7 1/2 PM, all hands wet to the skin and our clothes full of mud, changed our clothes, got supper and turned in. .Sunday 5th: A quiet and pleasant day,' nothing worthy of note. * .: " • I *."

PAGE 104

l',, -Monday 6th: All hands washing clothes. I went up to the hospital in afternoon and saw my wounded shipmates. Jules Chabert is now in the hospital and doing well. All the wounded men-are doing well. _ ;*.* Tuesday.7th: Twenty-one of our men came back to the ship in the afternoon, the rest of them are still on board the prize. I got from .. J. T. Lowe the following particulars: The expedition consisted of 7. boats and 120 men and officers and started at 3 PM and towed by the Steamer Fire Fly to Beulah battery at which they arrived at 10 1/2 PM, hauled up the boats and camped.for the night. Next morning June 1st, Lieut Pelot went out reconnotering and saw the Str. Water Witch lying in Ossabaw Sound. The returned at 2 PM and at 8 PM all the boats arrived and went down until they heard the steamer blowing off steanm, but as it was so very calm and clear it was not deemed prudent to attempt to board her, so they turned back and arrived at Beulah at 6 AM June 2nd and laid low all day and white washed the boats (torn' PM blowing fresh, very dark and squally (torn) of thunder and lighting (torn) discovered a (torn) slowly and continously,until about i AM 3rd, They were then within about 150 yds. of the steamer when the boats were hailed by the Yankees, they received the defiant answer of "Rebels", give way boys. They then gave way in their oars with a regular Confederate yell. The Yankees then opened fire on them with small arms,'they being to near for their cannon to bear'on the boats, who were soon alongside. They boarded her on the starboard and port bow and on the starboard and port '" quarters. The boarding nettings being up and our cutlesses being very dull.they had considerable trouble in getting on board, but they soon succeeded in gaining the decks but not until several of our men were killed and wounded. A desperate hand to hand fight thep took place, our S men yelling like friends all the time. The fight only lasted about five '..;' minutes after our boys gained the decks when the Yankees surrendered.. ,. June 8th: A rainy day. I was ordered to report to Mr. IlQgan our carpenter to go down to the prize. I reported and worked all .the afternoon taking a large stage apart to take down to the Water.Witch for the purpose of taking her guns, etc., on.shore. Worked until dark and went on board. .June 9th: Statted early in the morning, loaded wagons with stage and went to the Str. Arrived there at 12 M. Raining hard,; got dinner and went on shore to a grocery, got a couple of drinks of peach brandy. Rain held up during the afternoon and I-went to work putting the stage together, worked till dark, got supper and turned in. Slept well all night. June 10th:. Finished stage and got the guns out and a lot of provisions etc. At 1 PM I started back for the "Ram" and arrived at 5 1/2 PM wet to the skin for it rained form the time I started till.I Storn) June llthi Turned out at 3 AM (torn) all hammocks, gratings, etc. were taken on shore and stowed in a warehouse where we Arre to sleep during the summer months for it is so warm on board that it is impossible to sleep on board. After breakfast took all the mess chests on shore and holy stoned decks, etc. I worked all day putting ip timber to hang the hammocks to. Slept in the shed all night, very warm and plenty of mosquitos. Q) June 12th: Sunday. Turned out at 5 1/2 AM and took all the hammocks on board. Rained all day and night. .....................................................................

PAGE 105

V/!. 13th: Rained all-day. Iioly y.stoned deck.?, scrubbing and cleaning '' all parts of the ship. I was on watch at night, pleasant night. S14th: Rained off and on all day, chilly and unpleasant. 15th: All hands washing clothes in the morning. Moved almost everything out of the hold and took them on shore in the warehouse.. 16th: Scrubbed hammocks in the morning and at qrs. they were inspected. This always done to see if they are clean. 17th: Nothing much to do. Rained all afternoon. ^ `-."'"' 18th: I was on watch from 4 AM to 5 1/2 AM. Began to rain as soon as I went on to watch and held up at 9 AM. After breakfast took the covering off the spar deck on shore and holystoned it. Týis covering is made of inch boards put together in sections and is laid on the spar deck which is iron clad. Scrubbed gun deck, berth deck and e.erythiing else that could be scrubbed, 19th: Sunday. Rained off and on all day, not much to do. 20th: Washed clothes. A very pleasant day. 21.st: Drilled at gun in morning. Scrubbed gun and berth decks. On watch from 8 PM to 12 Midnight. A beautiful,.clear, moonlight night. 22nd: Scrubbed decks in morning,/ Carpenters at work building a shed to cook in for it is .so very warm the decks that the cooks cannot stand it. Received a letter from my old friend Mr.-Crusoe in Tampa, Fla. It is the first letter that-I have received from him since I've been in the navy. He says he has wrote several. He is suffering very much, poor man, his family is sick and he can't hire a servant in the place, consequently he has to wash, cook and do everything himself. When the Yankees took Tampa they kept him a prisoner under a nigger guard all the time they remained there. They would not even allow him a drink of water. 23rd: I was at work all day moving an old boiler and it was very :hard work. I was suprised to see Jack Mason come on board today. He was transferred from our company when I was but very ill in hospital at the time and could not come with us. Since taht time Capt. Smith wrote us that he had got a furlough and gone to Florida and I was sure that if he ever got there that he would not come back. 'It seems that / he got a furlough and got as far as Marietta; Ga. when he took a relapse f and had to be taken to the hospital in that place and came very close S to dying. He has been there ever since. However he has been but of S little service to the government for at the battle of Chicamauga he absented himself from the company and we saw nothing of him until after the battle was over and he had been in different hospitals ever since acting as nurse until he was taken sick. lie is an excellent seamen/ and a great drunkard. Our doctors examined him when he came on board 7 and pronounced him as unfit for service and gave him a discharge. ----------------------------------------------------------------------. ..-t.:-.--

PAGE 106

24th: All hands washing clothes on morning. I was in guard boat a t night. A very pleasant, moonlight night but mosquitos and sand flies very bad. 25ht: Got back to the ship.at 5 1/2 AM feeling tired and sleepy for we got no sleep during the night and pulled up against a strong tide over five miles. Got breakfast, slung my hammock and slept till 12 M, turned out and got dinner. 26th: Sunday. All hands dressed in white clothes by order of the captain. Very warm today. 27th: All hands washing clothes. Very warm day. 28th: After breakfast I ans several more men went up, to the custom house-with the boatswain and took out all the sails, etc. belonging to the Water Witch and sunkedthem. Went back after dinner and took them all in and just got thorugh when the rain fell in torrents. I was onzwatch' from 12 modnight to 4 AM. 29th: I was very unwell all day, having violent headache and fever and severe cough and cold. Gsome medicine form the doctor who put me on the sicklist. Felt a little better in the evening. 30th: Feel some better this morning but still have a bad headache, but no fever. Took more medicine. .. July 1st: General quarters in the morning. S Saturday 2nd: Holystoning decks, etc. in morning. "' Sunday 3rd: Clear but very warm. Monday 4th: All hands washing clothes in morning. I-went-.to the / theater at night, a.miserable affair, but does very well for these times. / Gto on board at 11 1/2PM and founs all hands at work and the ship had steam up'and everything ready for action. All the steamers in the river had steam. It seems that the alarm gun down the river had been fired Swhile I.was in the theater. We all remained at quarters until 1 AM when we were dismissed and all hands except the watch turned in. Tuesday 5th: Drill at broadside gun in morning. In the afternoon the officers and crew of the steamer Chattahoochee came on board. They are from Columbus, Ga. Two fo my old comrades in Co. "K" are among the number and several more of my army acquaintance. Wednesday 6th: Very warm all day...I was watching at night. Thrusday 7th: Holystoning decks in morning. I was taken quite sick during the day with fever and headache which lasted all day and nearly all night. Some of the officers and men...of the Chattahoochee crew went down to the Water Witch in the morning and in the afternoon S our men that have been on her since she was captured 'came on board. S--------------------------------

PAGE 107

i ( ' Friday 8th: Holystoned decks in morning. After quarters I went |, to the doctor who put me on the sick list and gave me quinine, a mediS cine that I detest. During the day the ship was coal tarred all over, I was very unwell all day. 9th: Feel much better today. In the afternoon a fire broke out near the naval ordance store, Our ist Lieut. called for volunteers to fo to the fire and nearly all the crew and those.of the Chattahoochee went and a long run they had before they got there. They removed a large number of loaded shell and succeeded in stopping the fire. Rained very heavy all night. Sunday 10th: I feel much beter today but very weak, took no medicine. Rained during the day. On watch tonight. Monday 1th: All hands washing clothes in morning. I went to the theater at night. While there a fire broke out and nearly everybody started for the fire but did not leave until the-performance was ended and then took my time going -to the fire which proved to be a house of ill fame that was on fire and it burnt to the ground. Got on board at 2 AM. *Tuesday 12th: Blacking the Ram's side .with coal tar Very warm all day, rained all night. I Wednesday 13th: I went to work today making a trunk for the com./ modore. Very warm today. SThrusday 14th: At work all day but did little, just'enough to S kill time. Rained through the day. I was on watch at night. Friday 15th: At work all day, very warm, mosquitos bad at night, rain through the night and very warm. .. Saturday 16ht: Holystoning decks in morning, rain in forenoon. Sunday 17th: Very warm and nothing to do all day. Monday 18th: Worked all.day making frames for a gymnasism. Got some of them up in the afternoon and the boys had a fine "time exercising on them. I was on watch at night. Tuesday 19th: I was at work on different little jobs all day for the boys. I love to be at work for it keeps my mind occupied. When I am idle I am always thinking of home which makes me feel sad for I don't know anything about my family, whether they are dead or alive, as I have not heard from them since Jany. 1st, 1864. S/ Wednesday 20th: I was at work all day making a little chest to keep mt. books, papers, etc, in. Rained several times during the day. S.Thrusday 21st: Busy ar work at various little jobs. -Rain during the -i "day and a little at night. On watch at night, cool and pleasant. S Friday 22nd: lHolystpniug decks, etc. in morning. Gen'l quarters S at 9 1/2 AM. \A.pleasant day. ' --' -.-* ...-

PAGE 108

':turday 23rd: Holystoning decks, etc. in morning. I went to the theater at night. A fine cool, pleasant night. Came on boeard at 11 1/2 AM. -.*; .SSunday 24th: A fine cool day, nothing to do. I was in the guard boat at night, cool and pleasant. Monday 25th: Started at 3 AM and pulled up against a strong head tide, got on board the Ram at 4 1/2 AM. After breakfast turned in and slept nearly all forenoon. All hands washing clothes but didn't wash many andJ washed none, for lack of soap. Went on shore in the afternoon and bought some soap, envelopes and postage stamps.i Tuesday 26th: Rained all forenoon, no drill. Friday Aug. 5th: I have been quite sick since last date therefore have not felt like writing. Nothing of importance however has transpired during the time. A lot of citizens and soldiers have gone to the Yankees. Six hundred Yankee officers have been brought here as pris6ners and are Sstill in the city. We had one very heavy thunder storm also weather very warm. Got fresh beef every day except Sunday, no.more pork to be had. Went on shore on the night of the 26th: and went to the theater. While in there the alarm guns were fired. I went on board and found the ship all ready for action and all hands on deck. It proved to be a false alarm. .-Feel some better today, but very weak. Saturday 6th: All hands busy holystoning decks, et*.'in the.morning. ' I returned to duty after qrs. Very warm.day,-rain at night. .' Aug. 7th Sunday: General muster after quarters. Rain in afternoon, very warm, heavy rain at night. -' Monday 8th: Rained all day, very little to do.I wrote my mother' today by flag of truce. Tuesday 9th: Rained off and on all day.. Drill in forenoon.Wednesday 10th: All hands washing clothes in forenoon. Rain through the day. Thrusday llth: Drill at broadside gun in forenoon. Rain in afternoon. Friday 12th: All hands washing clothes, general quarters in forenoon, very warm day. Saturday 13th: A busy day for all. Holystoned decks, etc.. Overhauling all the ropes in the ship and numerous other little jobs. Very warm day. Sunday 14th: A very warm day. On watch from 8 PM to 12 Midnight. Monday 15th: All hands washing clothes in morning and after qrs. S busyiknotting manilla yarns to make spun yearn. Rather a poor substitute Ir ) I think. I SI .

PAGE 109

STuesday 16: Drill at broadside gun in moriing. Drill at the forward Sand after pivot during the day. A fire broke out in the city near the soldier's home about 9 PM, put out without much damage. Wednesday 17th: Washing clothes in the morning. Drill every Monday; Wednesday, and Friday mornings and the broadside-guns to whiich I belongdrill on Tuesday, Thrusday, and Friday of each week. Rain in afternoon. I was busy all day mending my old clothes and.cutting types for the:boys. Thrusday 18th: Drill at B.S. gun in morning, very much warm. Rain during the day. Part of the crew making ropes out of old manilla yarn. Friday 19th: Washing clothes in the morning, general quarters at 9 1/2 AM, a busy day. Saturday 20th: This morning a man told me that Capt. Coste was at the Planters Motel and wanted to see me, so after quarters I and*Jules. Chabert, Alfred Lowe and Aug. Nurilac went up to see him.'lHe tells me that he saw my brother William in Havana which place he was at two weeks ago and that he says that they have heard that I was dead, that they..have wrote me often and received no letters. Strange, for I have wrote many letters home since I've been here and have not heard a word from them.. My brother George is in partnership with J. F. Parker and doing well so he says. George sent his photograph to Capt. Costs and he was kind enough to give it to me. We drank a bottle of fine old Cognac brandy with Capt. C. and then left him at i PM. I wanted to .come on board but. my companions would take a crusie about the city and the consequences was that we got S most gloriously drunk buF-got on board in time so that we were not. punished. Sunday 21st: Got up this morning with a violent hepdache and sick:,:\." * *. stomach, could eat no breakfast. At dinner I ate a pretty hearty meal ."'. ' and felt much better. Cap. Coste came down to see us this afternoon. Rain in .:" torrents all the afternoon. On watch at night. Monday 22: I feel first rate this morning. All hands washing clothes. I wrote my friend Marcus A. Oliveri in Havana and one to my mother enclosed to the former and sent them on shore to Capt. Coste who promised to take them to Havana or forward them. Tuesday 23rd: Drill at B.S. gun in morning, very warm work.. Busy most of the day cutting type. Rain in afternoon. Wednesday 24th: Washing clothes in morning. Warm all day but cool and pleasant at night. ...) Thrusday 25th: Drill at B.S. gun in morning Midshipman Trimball' has charge of our division now and he knows no more about the drill than my old grandmother, yet lie drills us twice as long as any other officer we've had and makes a regular humbug out of it. I was on watch from 8 PM to 12 MI ..Friday 26: General quarters in morning, holystoning spar deck and wafl hilg clothos. .. .. .Saturday 27th: Holystoning decks in morning.

PAGE 110

Sunday 28th: Nothing to do all day except swabbing decks in morning. Monday 29th: All hands washing clothes in morning and after quarters all hands at work raising the fore pivot gunn off its carriage, the carriage being out of order. The carpenter fixed it and after dinner we put it back in place. On watch to 12 M to 4 AM. Tuesday 30th: Not much to do, took in 17 Ibs bread in afternoon. Wednesday 31st: All hands washing clothes in morning, drill at B.S. gun in afternoon. John T. Lowe came on board. He is just from Wilmington, N.C. having been out on a cruise on the Tallahassee. He says they had a very hard time of it on her having to work hard day and night and only three seamen on board, the balance were greenhorns. 27 of the crew deserted in Halifax. They were out from Wilmington (blank) days and captured 4 vessels. They bonded a few and burnt the balance. Sept. 1st, 1864: Thrusday: A cool and pleasant dayi Hauled up two of our boats and put them in the warehouse to be painted. The Chattahoochee's crew went to the Georgia in the morning, they have been with us ever since they came from Columbus, Ga. two months aga and we are all truly glad they are gone for they were in our way and made us very uncomfortable living very much crowded.' Sept. 2nd: All hands busy in the morning washing clothes, scrubbing hammocks and holystoning spar decks. General quarters at 9 1/2 AM. I was on S watch all night. ., I" :Saturday 3rd: Holystoning gun and berth decks in morning. / Sunday 4th: Preaching in forenoon by a Methodist minister. I went on bbard the steamer Sampson after dinnerand while there was taken with a chill. Came backed and turned in on a cotton bale. After the chill went off'I had a violent fever which lasted nearly all night. Monday 5th: I had no fever in morning but felt very unwell yet I attended to my duty for I dislike going to a doctor. Drilled at B.S. gun *:at 9 AM. Had another chill at 12 M followed by a fever which lasted all day. i.Eat.nothing all day, S Tuesday 6th: Felt a little better in the morning but reported to the doctor who gave me any quantity of quinine and a dose'of oil. At 12 M I had a severe chill followed by a violent fever. Eat nothing all day, feverish'and very restless all night. .Wednesday 7th: No chill or fever today but took lots of quinine and a dose of pills. Eat a little soup for dinner which is the only fooX I have' tasted since Sunday. Felt pretty well all day but very weak. / Thrusday 8th: Felt very weak in the morning and eat some breakfast. During the day I felt rather unwell bu had no fever. ." Friday 9th: My birthday, 29 years old today, not a cent in my pocket, S my health gone forever, far away from home and but slim prospects of ever r.ctting there again. This is encouraging, certianly. General quarters at ? 1/2 AM but as I am.on the sick list did not attend. Scrubbing spar deck and clothps in the morning. ./ _. ..._ .....'„ .. .. ...... .-_ „ .-

PAGE 111

Saturday 10th: Holystoning gun and berth deck in morning. I am Sstill on sick list having a violent cough and pains in my breast. In the afternoon forty two of our men from the different vessels to the amt. of * c k 100 men were sent up town to guard a lot of Yankee prisoners. Our ships look deserted. I expect they will have to guard them until they are exchanged and I feel that they never will be for the Yankee government refuses to exchange privates but will exchange officers. I have.not seen the prosoners, but all who have say it is an awful sight. Sunday llth: My cough is a little better today but I'am still taking medicine for it. Had a wretched headache all day. Wrote friend Crusoe today. Monday 12th: Men washing clothes. No drill for there is nobody to drill. I feel quite well but the doctors won't take me off the list. Still have a cough and am taking medicine for it. Tuesday 13th: Cool and pleasant day. I am on the list yetb'although ,I feel quite well. Men washing clothes. Wednesday 14th: 0 came off the sick list this morning, feel first rate but the cough troubles me at times. Thrusday 15th: Drill at fore pivot gun in morning, the remnants of the broadside gun and of the fore pivot were put together and then we had a very slim crew. I was in the guard boat at night. Pulled down against a very strong tide. Pleasant all night. Friday 16th: Started at 4 AM with a fair tide and pulled up the river. SArrived at the Ram at 3 1/4 AM got breakfast and I turned in and slept till lo 1/2 AM. . Saturday 17th: All hands holystoning decks etc. I was quite sick through the night, felt very unwell all day. After dinner I went in thh dinkey and got a load of wood from the governemtn yard, pulled up against a strong tide distance about 1 1/2 mile. Our vessels look deserted now for about 1/2 crew are guarding prisoners and a lot of them-are on board sick. Sept 18th: Rainy morning. I feel pretty well this morning. After dinner I went on shore and went to see our boys that are guarding the Yankee prisoners. Some of them like the change first rate and others would rather be on board the Ram. I had a good look at the prisoners. They were very dirty and ragged and some are naked and the place stinks awful. Came on board at 5 PM. Sick through the night. Monday 19th: Washing clothes in morning, rain all forenoon. I went to work after dinner on the gun deck helping carpenter's mate cutting out a lot of the deck under the broadside guns and putting in oak. Tuesday 20th: A ri:ly day. At work all day on deck. Very heavy rain ;ill night. Wednesday 21st: I was at work all day on deck. Very heavy rain all night. Worked ..on dressing planks. Had a severe fever and headache all \. night.

PAGE 112

SThrusday 22nd: Quite sick all day, took some dose of pills and several quinine. Slight fever in afternoon and headache all day. Friday 23rd: Still sick and taking quinine all day, very heavy rain at night. Saturday 24th: Feel pretty well today. Another robbery was committed last night, two of the crew had a flannel shirt stolen fromeach of them. All the bags and hammocks and everything else abput the ship was searched but they could not be found. Is is a common thing now to lose our things in this manner and I do hope the theives will be caught.. Rain at night a quite cool. Sunday 25bh: A fine, clear, cool morning, all hands washing clothes. Still on the sick list although I feel quite well but very.weak. Very cold through the night for this month. Monday 26th: Very cool this morning. I caine off the list this morning by my own request. Hard at work off and on all day taking in wood and stowing it in the hold and as there are only six of us for duty it was pretty hard work, at least it was to me for I was very weak. Cool and pleasant all night. Tuesday 27th: As last night was-dur guard boat night which comes every fourth night the four men that went in her are excused from duty today which leaves only tow of us to do all the work today, consquently we were pretty busy in the morning clearing up ship, but fortunately had but little to do thorugh the day. I was busy all day mending my old clothes and blanket, the latter had twenty three holes in'it made by bullets at the battle of Missionary Ridge. Rain at night. Wednesday 28th: Wash day, kept pretty busy all forenoon. During the day 24 North Carolina conscripts came on board. They are a fine looking lot of men and it is a shame that suck able bodied men have kept out of service so long. I went on shore in afternoon, went up to see our boys that are guarding prisoners. While there 1,000 more prisoners came in by the train. Jacob Mill, a young fellow who deserted from the Yankees in Key West in 1862 and came to Tampa and joined our company is among.the prisoners. He deserted from our company while in Kentucky in 1862 and joined the Yankees again. We would never had known that the fellow was there but the fool made himself known and wanted to join our service again, for Cole reported him to the Comdg. Officer who sent Cole into the stockade and brought him outand lodged him in jail. I expect he will be shot, he certianly deserves it. Very hard rain towards morning. 1864 Sept. 29: At qrs. the conscripts who came on board yesterday were stationed at the forward and after pivot guns and the rumnant of the broadside gun to which I belong were put with the after pivot. Mr. Fairfax us for one hour and he knows no more about it tha an aold women. I was in the guard boat last night, pulled down against a strong tide, rain all night and sand flies very bad. i 'Friday 30th: Started at daylight with..a fair tide and arrived at the ( Ram at 6 1/4, got breakfast and turned in and slept till 12 M, turned out and got dinner. Rain during the day. I .--

PAGE 113

Saturday Oct "st 1864: Holystoning decks etc. in the morning. Not much to do the balance of the day. ; Sunday 2nd: General muster in morning. This takes place on the 1st Sunday of each month. All hands muster on the sSar deck and the Articles of War sead. Everyone has his cap off and after the reading is over the purser calls the roll. At 7 1/2 PM 32 conscripts came on board. I can't imagine why they sent them to the navy when the army was so much in need of men. I went on shore in the afternoon, called in at the naval hospital and saw my sick shipmates. There are many of them very sick, Went out to camp and found that many of by shipmates were sick there also, my chum Alf. Lowe among them. Monday 3rd: Washing clothes in morning, rain all forenoon. In the afternoon 24 of the conscripts were sent to camp and releived that number of our boys who came on board at night. Tuesday 4thi A dull day, not much to do.. In afternoon Wm. O'-Neil came on board. He has been home in Manatee, Fla. on furlough and is 16 days behind his time. He brought his wife and child with him. He brought me a letter and 2 neck hdkfs. from my old friend Mr. Crusoe in Tampa. My poor friend sees pretty hard times of it, can't buy anything..for Confederate money and has to live on corn meal and water. His family has lately been increased by the birth of a son.Wednesday 5th: All hands washing clothes in morning, rain in forenoon. Thrusday 6th: After qrs. I went on shore and went;up to camp to see S the boys and while'there the chills came on me so I hurried down on board and turne< in, had a severe fever the balance of the day. Took a little medicine and felt a little better at night. -Friday 7th: Feel much better this morning. Heavy rain in morning. Took a dose of quinine first thing in morning and more through the day. No fever all day. ' Saturday 8th: Quite well today. -Cool and pleasant all day. Carpenters at work caulking gun deck. Very cold all night. o Sunday 9th: Very cold all day. I went on shore in afternoon, went out to camps, boys all well. / " / Monday 10th: Cold and blowing fresh all day. Drew tabacco and soap /in afternoon. Scraped gun deck fore and aft .in'morning, caulkers still at /wotk. Cheering news in the evening papers from Geo. front. Sherman cut off from his main army, only one corps in Atlanta etc. Many of the Yankee Sprisoners in this place are taking the parole oath and going to work for Sthe government. None but mechanics are taken and our men who have been S detailed ever since the war began are going to the front. Tuesday llth: Scraped gun deck again in morning, crew washing Sclothes. / I* ' * .* *

PAGE 114

Sunday 16th: I have felt very unwell since last date but have not been on the sick list. I have a severe cough and cold which gives me a pain in my breast and am feverish all the time yet I do my duty and never complain. We were all busy last week scraping and cleaning all the week. IHolystoned decks yesterday and did not get through until 11 AM. Our men who have been guarding prisoners on shore came on board yesterday. Monday October 17th: All hands washing clothes after cleaning up ship. Drill at broadside gun in forenoon. Rain all night. Tuesday 18th: Rain all forenoon. Not much to do all day. Wednesday 19th: After quarters I was taken with a severe chill followed by a violent fever and headache which lasted some time in the night. Thrusday 20th: Fever and chills again today, took lots of quinine. Received a letter from my mother today, all well at home. f Saturday 22nd: Chills*and fever yesterday.and today, very weak, eat nothing. Sunday 23rd: Had no'chill today but continued to take quinine, Ate some food for the first time in four days, feel much better. Monday 24th: Feel quite well today, good appetite, still taking quinine. Tuesday 25th: Qdite well today but very weak, still on doctor's list. . Wednesday 26th: I came off the Dr. list today at 11AM. There was general quarters which lasted till 3 PM. .Capt Fairfax, inspector. of ordance, was on board and inspected everything. Cot dinner at 3 1/2 PM, no supper. Took in a lot of bread in -fternoon. Thursday 27th: -: Drill at broadside gun in forenoon... I was at work all day carpentering, making ammunition boxes, etc. I am.now in the. carpenters gang and excused from other duties for the present. Friday 28th: At work all day making boxes etc., washed clothes in morning, pleasant day. Saturday 29th: All hands holystoning decks in morning. I was at work all day carpentering. Sunday 30th: A pleasant day. Nothing to do all day. Monday 31st: At work all day. Worked on the gun deck in afternoon cutting our rotten wood from deck and putting in sound wood. November 1st: 1864 Tuesday: At work on gun deck all day. Capt. Fairfax came on board in forenoon and there was a drill in the boats after which got springs on the Ram. ** ** *1 ! .°• -----'. _ _ _ _ _ _ _,'."._ __. " "...... ..... ..• • : ..:" .... .. ..... .:...

PAGE 115

Wednesday 2nd: Rain all day. I was at work on gun deck all day. .Thursday 3rd: Rain all day. Finished on the gun deck in-the afternoon. Friday 4th: General quarters in the forenoon. I was at work all day.. Took everything on board in the afternoon as we are to go down the river in the morning. Saturday 5th: Got up steam after breakfast and started down the river. Commodores Hunter and Lynch and several other officers on board. Got ashore a little ways down the river and came back to our old berth and made fast. Sunday 13th: I have been at work all the time since last date doing carpenters work. Nothing of importance took place during the time. Last night 1200 of our exchange prisoners arrived.. They received a warm welcome by our citizens. A fine supper awaited them and I suppose -they did it ample justice for the poor fellows.have suffered a great deal while in the hands of the Yankees. Three steamers went-down the river this morning to bring up the balance of them, 2000. They will be here tonight. These 3200 men are or were sick when they left the Yankee prisons and a like number of sick Yankees are to be given in exchange. At 1 PM the boats came up with our exchange prisoners. .I went down to see them but did not know any of them. -Monday 14th: Got up this morning with a violent headache, went on the sick list, headache all day. Tuesday 15th: Still sick but a little better than I was yesterday. Wednesday 16th: Quite well today and came off the sick list. Wrote three letters to go by a blockade runner but after writing them I found that he had left early in the morning. Mending clothes in the afternoon. Thursday 17th:. I was at work all day making a pattern for.a casting. Friday 18th: Orders came from the Commodore to get ready to go down the river but the tide would not permit it so we will go tomorrow morning. Gen'l quarters in (torn) got my things on board in the afternoon. Saturday Nov. 19th: Left the wharf at 10 AM, ran down opposite Fort Jackson and came to anchor. Sad flies very bad in the evening. Rain all night. Sunday 20th: Raining all day. I was on watch from 8 PM to 12 M. Raining and cold all night. Monday 21st: .Raiing and cold all day and night blowing very hard all night, payed out more chain to keep from dragging. I was at work all ..cly nmaking alterations in the F. O.,foomi Am excused from other duty for tile present. * / i / / * .

PAGE 116

Tuesday 22nd: Blowing very hard and bitter cold all day. The water washes over the fore and after flush decks letting water down through the ventilators to the ward room and berth deck. Sunday 27th: I have been doing the carpenters Mate's'duty since last date, he being sick. Pleasant weather the last two days. Our steamers continue to carry Yankee prisoners down the river but bring none of our men in exchange. Our men are sent to City Point as they can't stand a sea voyage, being to sick and weak. Monday 28th: All hands washing clothes in forenoon. 'I washed eleven pieces, it was too cold for me to wash last week. Drill at broadside and after pivot gun in morning. Tuesday 29th: I w-s at work making port shutters in forenoon and had to knock off just after dinner as the ram had to go up fo the city. All hands busy passing wood and getting ready. Started at 7 1/2 PM and ran aground where we remained all night. ; Wednesday 30th: Got up. steam at 7 AM. The steamer Samson came to our.assistants and pulled us off. Got up to see the city at 10 AM and anchored above the exchange. Two steamers loaded with Yankees went down the river in the morning to be exchanged. Went on shire in afternoon and picked out some lumber for some work that is to be done for the ship. Thursday December 1st, 1864: At work all day on shore making gun racks, etc. SFriday 2nd: Repairing boats cradles and making gun racks. I.: I Saturday 3rd: Went to work on the steamer Resolute repairing her wheels, 13 arms and 11 buckets being broken. Have to live on board her till'the work is done, sorry for it, for I dislike to be shifting about among strangers. Went on board the Ram at midnight.. Sunday 4th: Got my things ready to take to the Resolute, -took breakfast and dinner at the Ram. Genl; muster at 9 1/2 AM it being the first Sunday in the month. Got on board the Resolute at 2 PM stowed away my things and went up town, returned on board at 4 PM and got supper. ' Friday 9th: Have been a work steady since last date, got through tonight. Great'excitement in the citythe Yankees reported near the place, except an attack on the city in the morning, bringing provisions etc. on board the cesolute until 1 AM, made such a noise that I could not sleep. Quite cold all night. ' Saturday 10th: At 3 AM took my things on the wharf and cast off , the Resolute's lines. She and Samson went up the river. Commodore ,. linton went in the latter. I remained on the wharf until 7 AM when I went on board the Ram, cold damp morning. Got up steam in afternoon and started down the river but turned back and came'to anchor again. Rain through the night. Fighting near the city all day. . /u * -: **

PAGE 117

Sunday llth: After breakfast got up steam and went down the river and anchored off Fort Jackson. Very cold and blowing hard all day and night, fighting near the city all day. Our calavary crossing the river all 'day to the Carolina side to prevent a flank movement I suppose. Monday 12th: Very cold all day. Cannonading still going on. At 9 1/2 PM all hands were called and hauled anchor short and turned in again at 10 1/2 PM but I was unable to sleep on account of the noise, Our boats were going and coming from town all night. Steam up all night. At 12 M all hands were called again and hammocks lashed and stowed away. Have up anchor and started up, what is called the back river, did not go far when we ran aground the tide being to low for us to go any farther the crew were then told to cook bread for the next day as it was likely that we would be fighting all day and no fire is allowed while the magazine is open. Our mess cook being on liberty.'I acted in his place-and cooked breakfast and.all the flour the mess had. Tuesday 13th: At 5 1/2 AM quarters were beat and allhands rushed Sto their quarters, cast loose and ran in guns in a hurry, remained at Sqrs. about 3/4 of an hour and then ate breakfast. Heavy cannonading all Sday. At night 2 of our boats from the Georgia went on an expedition up the river and returned at 11 PM. They went inside the enemy's lines but were not discovered. Wednesday 14th: A very pleasant day. Heavy cannonading all day. All hands washing clothes in forenoon. Received the unpleasant intelligence that Fort McAllister was taken by the Yankees. At 10 PM armed boats were called away. Our two boats were manned and went up the river. They were fired at by the Yankee pickets but nobody was hurt. They returned at 4 AM. Thursday 15th: A warm pleasant day. 10 men were sent up town to work on pontoons. I did not go as the carpenters mate is sick and I am doing his duty. I went to the city in the dinkey to carry some officers. Returned at 9 PM and. stood watch -till midnight. Our-armed boats were away all day and returned in the night. Picket fighting all night. Friday 16th: I was at work nearly.all day in the engine room: Foggy all day and night. Cannonading still going on. SSaturday 17th: Foggy morning but cleared off in forenoon and.had a pleasant day. At work repairing whale.boat, finished at 3 1/2 PM. General Beauregard came to Screvens Ferry where we are lying and one_of. our..four-boats took him up to the city, our men still working on the pontoons. Very foggy night, ringing the ball all night. At 8 PM by some Smistake of the quartermaster the gong was beat for quarters and all hands turned out and ran to their quarters in a hurry. Turned in again and slept sound all night. Sunday 18th: Foggy morning, all quiet in front. Tuesday 20th: Ilnrd it work all day mlking wooded shutters for the ports. The Capt. talks of running out and going to Charleston, S. C. Sy I. fear it will be a dangerous undertaking for the river is full of torpedoes r_ *_: _;"

PAGE 118

and if we should escape them we would have the whole Yankee fleet to contend with. All hands up nearly all night packing up for we are afraid that we will have to burn the Ram and march to Charleston. Wednesday 21st: At 3 AM the two new Rams and the Navy Yards and Fort Jackson were set on fire, also the gunboat Isendigger.was fired at 7 AM and the pontoon bridge destroyed. The Yankee flag was hoisted on the Marine Barracks at 7 AM and shortly afterwards they hoisted one on -Fort Jackson. "t 9 AM the steamer Swan was fired, at 10 1/2 .A the Yankees opened fire on us from the city. We were not slow in returning the compliment but with what effect I cannot say. The Yankees made excellent shots, nearly everyone struck our sides or smoke stack. One shell wer the smoke stack and rested on the grating but.did not explode. They ceased fire at 11 1/2 AM but commenced shelling again at 4 PM and continued till dark. We got the Ram ready for firing during the afternoop. Coffee, sugar, bread,'etc. were given to the men by the wholesale. At dark the crew were armed with rifles and all the guns loaded, run in, depressed and spiked. The crew then left in the boats by divisions and landed at,'Scrivens Ferry, S. Carolina. The ram was then set on fire. The Capt. and the 1st Lieut. were the last to leave her. jI was in the boat that took then on shore. The steamer Firefly was then fired and we took up our lines of march and camped at midnight, all hands very tired. The Ram blew up at 20 minutes after 11 PM. We were about 8 miles from the ferry when we heard the explosion, it was terrific, it lit the heavens for miles, we could see to pick up pin where we were and the noise was awful. She had in 7 1/2 tons of powder and several hundred shells. Cloudy and cold all day and night. The roads were lit up for miles by the firs from the burning vessels and houses. All the troops left Savannah 24 hours before we did. Met a few calvary on the road. SThrusday 22nd: At 2 AM we were ordered to fall in and march to /Hardyville, S. C. I and a few nore arrived at 7 AM feeling very tired and / sore. The rest of the boys came straggling in during.the forenoon. We built of pine limbs and leaves and got a lot of fire wood expecting to stay all night but at dark we got on a train of platform cars and started for , Charleston. We were stowed so close that we did not have room to sit so / we were jammed and screwed up very uncomfortable. It was -bitter cold. In crossing Pocotalige bridge over Board river the Yankees threw about 20 shells at us but fortunately did not hit us although they bursted over and around us. Running all night very slow and stopping very often. Friday 23rd: On the cars all day, bitter cold. Arrived in Charleston at dark, built fires, cooked supper, took a couple of drinks of whickey and turned in. Slept well. Saturday 24th: A fine morning, rather cold. Had a good wash,'ate breakfast and felt much refreshed. At 10 AM we packed up and went on board the ship Indian Chief. She is the receiving ship and full of lice and very d.irty. Got on board at 1 PM. She had on board 60 men who-do nothing 6ut guard duty in boats. Drew 1 days ration of pork and bread, got supper and dinner at dark. Slept on the deck for there was not berths enough for all.

PAGE 119

Sunday 25th: Christmas day. Turned out at 6 AM, very cold. We were ordered to hold ourselves in readiness to leave at moments warming. 20 men were sent to the Ram Charleston, all, the balance except the Savannah's crew went to James Island. I went in a boat to carry.a lot of officers and marines, head wind and tide, miserable old leaky boat, very slow. In coming back we were hailed by the Ram Chicora, went alongside and the officer in the charge of the boat went aboard and remained there 1/2 hour and it, was raining all the time. Our officers got in the boat and just as we shoved off he was ordered on board again for he did not have the countersign and they were not satisfied. He remained 1/4 hour longer when one of the officers came down with a lantern and looked at our faces. He knew one of the men that belonged to the Indian Chief so he was satisfied and let us go. Was hailed and brought to at Castle Pinckney and had the same trouble over again, finally started and got on board the Indian Chief at 10 PM tired and wet, put on my only suit of clothes and turned on board the Indian Chief so he was satisfied to. This ends Christmas Day. The poorest one I ever spent. , Monday 26th: Scrubbing decks in the morning. After breakfast I went in a boat to Jas. for the men are poorly drilled. They drill about 3/4 hour then fell in and marched to qrs. where we broke ranks. I did not get any sleep last night and was kept busy all day. When a man comes off guard he is not excused from duty that day. Tuesday January 3rd: I asked Lieut. Artledge'to allow the Savannah's crew to mess together as it was very unpleasant for us to mess with a lot of 'tar heeld". He consented and I went to work and made a mess chest. In / afternoon took a lo.t of beef and vegetables on shore and carried them up to the bomb proof and hauled up the boats. Very cold all night. . Wednesday 4th: Went to work on officer's qrs. The tools consist of 2 old broken sawa, 1 hatchet and 2 hammers. Very cold day. SThursday 5th: Pleasant day. At work on building all day. I Friday 6th: Worked part of forenoon. Began to rain at 11 AM and continued to blow and rain.very hard all night. Saturday 7th: Blowing very hard all day and very cold. At work all day. S Sunday 8th: Started our mess today. I made a swinging table for the mess. Cold but pleasant. Friday 13th: Have been at work on officer's qrs. since last date. Roll call at 4 AM and amnunition given out for small arms. At sunrise the enemy opened fire on Fort Fisher. At 12 M we were ordered to Fort Fisher to reenforce it. Double quicked up to the fort, the shell bursting around us in large numbers but did us no damages. We manned three guns and commenced firing on the ofrt all day with 3 monitors and the iron sides but a 4 PM they brought the whole fleet to bear and kept up a terrific .fire, -* .. !!-. until dark. Fortunately none of our men were hurt except' Lieut. Hudgins who :.. was slightly wounded in the mouth with a fragment of 'h shell and several of us'were knocked down with sand bads. We were all nearly buried in sand S) severhl timens. This was cnused by shell bursting into the sand. Whenever Sone wpuld strike near us in the sand it would throw the sand over us by / the qart load. All quiet through the night and very cold. Got no sleep for Swe wqre on the lookout all night for an infantry attack. Fired our guns Sever 15 minutes along the beach with cannister. Very dark. "--.·-.--..-r"-----------.. .-...--..... .. ......-.... ------------...

PAGE 120

Saturday 14th: At daylight we fell in and marched back to Battery Buchanan. Marched in quick time and got a drink of whiskey on arrival,. got breakfast and turned in and just as I fell asleep we were ordered to fall in and go back to Fort Fisher. The Yankees saw us for they shelled us furiously all the way but did no injury. We got through safe and manned the same guns we had yesterday. I was at 64/10 in Brookd rifle and made some excellent shots. We ceased firing at dark but the enemy kept up a severe fire all night. They seemed to direct their wJole fire at our 3 guns for we were the only ones that did them any injury. Our shot and shell would strike the monitors and iron sides and break in pieces and of course did them no injury but the wooded vessels did not fare as well for several of them had to haul off. Their shell bursted among us very often but fortunately none of us were injured. After dark a company of soldiers came in our gun chambers and had not been there 15 minutes before two of them were wounded, one mortally. We all suffered very much:with cold and want of sleep. Skirmishing on our left between our pickets and the Yankee pickets. They are reported to be in large forces up the beach on our., left. Our pickets drove theirs back. Sunday 15th: At daylight we went back to Battery Buchananm took a drink, got breakfast and turned.in, the Yankees fleet keeping up a heavy bombardment all the time and many of their shells exploding near our qrs.. One man had a leg cut off and the other broken, he was asleep in the guard tent at the time. At 11 AM turned out and got dinner and all hands were ordered to pack up and go to the battery for the fleet had moved to the right and near us. The shelling was terrific. At 3 1/2 PM the Yankee infantry advanced on Fort Fisher and were repulsed three times but on the 4 th charge they gained a footing on the left of the works. Unfortunately all the guns on the left were disabled, if this had not been the case they never would have gained a footing, but our men fought them bravely until after dark with. musketry and consented every inch of the ground. The slaughter was great. :As soon as we saw that the enemy had gained footing and planted their hateful ' flag on the left of the works we knew that the fort was lost and Captain Chapman had all hands mustered, the roll called, and he then informed us that the fort was lost and that it was useless for him to keep us there to be taken prisoners or slaughtered, that we would fight the battery for some time and probaly do the enemy some damage but that we could not hold it for any length of time. lie then ordered us in the boats and we had to wade out to them up to our waists in water.to get into them and just as we. started he ordered us to await for orders. Our battery then opened fire on the left of Fort Fisher with one 11 inch and one 10 inch gun, the other two guns would not bear. Continued shelling until 8 PM. At 10 PM we were ordered to go aress the river to Battery Lamb. We were very glad to leave for we were nearly frozen as our clothes were wet and it was a very cold night. The shells were bursting very near us all the time. Stopped at Battery Lamb 1/2 hour and started for Wilmington. I and several of my shipmates marched about 4 miles, halted, built a fire and turned in after drying our clothing. Slept well. Lieut. Hudgins was captured while trying to get into the boat. The Yankees threw up thousands of rockets when they gained entire possession of Fort Fis;lihr, the sight was magnificent. Monday 16th: Turned out at daylight and marched till 3 1/2 PM when three of us stopped at a house and got some corn bread and meat for the small sum of $30.00 from a negro. We were very hungry for we left the battery with nothing to eat. This was the fault of the officers who I am sorry to say were all intoxicated. There was a large quantity of provisions in the fort which fell into the hands of the enemy. After eating the corn dodger and meat we proceeded a little further and camped for the night. We got some rice and bacon from a negro and gave'him a pair of pants in exchange, cooked ..._.. .aiu. e;nt in -and turned in,_ Very cold all night. ........ .-·--~ -~ i ........ .'r.

PAGE 121

Thusrday 9th: Raining most of the day, nothing worthy of note. Drill most of the time, twice. Friday 10th: On guard. Sleet and a little snow during the day. Saturday 11th: Came off guard at 9 1AM;. Busy cutting and carrying wood in afternoon. Nlo drill today, all hands cleaning guns for inspection' for tomorrow. At 12 Midnight men left for Chafine. 73 left. Sunday 12th: Inspection and dress parade in morning. After parade marched to the battery and were stationed at the guns, drilled at. them for 1/2 hour and returned to camps and turned inour guns. Monday 13th:Drill in battery in the morning, got our guns in afternoon. Infnntry drill in afternoon and Aress paradeo . Tuesday 14th: We were divided into four companies in afternoon, drill at battery in forenoon. -" Wednesday 15th: On fuard today. Our Co. and another Co. moved to othere qrs. I went to work and built bunks for our mess, 16 men. Busy all day, moving our things and-making ourselves comfortable. Thursday 16th: Came off guard at 9 AM. Went to work in afternoon building bridges, I am now in carpenter's gang and .excused from all other duty except morning drill. \ (this part of the diary ends here. The next entries are Swritten in pencil in a small book on the cover of which appears the notation in ink: Mess No. 3. Mess cook's Siaccount 1864 & 1865, Iam Savannah.) Wednesday 5th: Started at daylight and marched: all day and night. I was so tired that I could scarcely walk. Thursday 6th: At 2 AM was taken with a chill near the road. Alf. Lowe stopped with me. Turned out at daylight with a severe fever and headache, blankets wet for it had been raining on us all night. Marched on trying to come up with our command but could not. At 12 M heavy firing commenced ahead of us and we found ourselves cut off so we struck through the woods and marched all day in hopes of flanking the Yankees and getting to our command. Crossed the Appomattox River at 5 PM on trees that some of our men had felled accross the river for there was no bridge. Stopped at an old tabacco house all night. Friday 7th: Started at daylight and marched all day. Gave a pair of shoes to a negro for as much corn bread as we could eat for we were starving. Started again and marched till night when we stopped at a house and got a little corn bread and turned in at a barn. Heavy firing ahead of us all day, ceased at dark. Slept on some straw an rested well. Snturday 8th: Started at sunrise and travelled about 3 hours when Y. ). we fell into the hands of some Yankees who treated us very kindly. Travelled ........................-.. -...----.----...--..-...---.---..----.------M--------.-.O-....a

PAGE 122

Tuesday 17th: Started at daylight and arrived at Wilmington at 11 AM very tired and sore, drew a pair of shoes and went to the navy yard and were ordered to hold ourselves in readiness to leave for a battery somewhere on a river. Drew some rations and remained there all day, and night. Got but little sleep for a lot of the men came in drunk and kept up a noise all night and the place is overrun with lice. They were running over and biting me all night. I should not say lice for it is vulgar, the proper name for them is soldier bug. Wednesday 18th: Turned out at daylight and.got brakfast and packed up ready for a-start. At 1 PM all hands fell in and went to Fort Campbell. I and 2 more remained behind and started with the provision wagon at 4 PM, arrived at sunset. This battery mounts 1 eight inch smooth bore, 1 eighteen pounder, 1 twenty-four, and two-thirty-two pounders, all smooth bore. The qrs. are old leaky shanties, not half enough room for us, 6 of us sleep out doors. Thursday 19th: Turned out at daylight and .got breakfast,on guardpleasant day. Cannonading all day down the river. All hands were ordered to hold themselves ready to fight at moment warning for we are expected that the enemy will be up the river any minute. In the afternoon a flat came down with two 9 inch Dahligrine guns. All hands except.the guard worked on them getting them ashore. Knocked off at midnight. I came off post at midnight and had just turned in when one of the sentinels fired his gun. The guard turned out etc. but it was a false alarm, some animal in the woods no doubt. SFriday 20th: I came off guard at 8 AM and went to work carrying pine legs to slide the guns on. Worked all day and succeeded in getting the guns up the hill at 10 PM when we knocked off, all hands wet for it had been. raining all the time and I have no clothes except what I have on. Turned in in my wet clothes and slept well. January 1865: Saturday 21st: Went to work on the guns at daylight, raining and cold. Worked about 2 hours and got breakfast, turned to again and got the guns to the battery. Knocked off at 11 1/2 AM, raining and cold all dayall day. I was on guard at night. This is pretty hard to work all day and stand guard at-night. Had another false alarm at night. Sunday 22nd: Came off guard at 8 AN and went to work getting another Sgun from the beach to the battery and dismounted two guns in the battery. Worked all day, rained all night. Monday 23rd: On guard, washed some of my clothes. Have to pull part of what I have on and wash them and after they dry wash the others for I S have but one suit. Raining all night. The sentinel on post fired his gun; and the guard turned out, fake alarm. The fool heard a coon and thought ,it was a man crawling up to him. He was very much frightened, he is a N. C. ;conscript. / /I Tuesday 24th: Come ofC guard ut 8 AM, plensant day, mot much to do, * washed clothes in forenoon. The negroes are at work making an earthwork / for a 30 pound parrot gun. Cannonading down the river. ') i Wednesday 25th: Cold and clear and plenty of work. / Thrusday 26th: On guard, very cold and clear. Yankees reported landing S below. Quiet though through the night. / -··------------.------.----.*.---------.*-* .-·-----..... ..=-...

PAGE 123

Friday 27th: Came off guard at 8 AM and took a drink of whiskey. Pleasant day, drill gun in morning and with some small arms in the afternoon. Officers all drink and drilling us for their amusement. If these things continue much longer I shall certianly desert and go to some other ( command, for I am heartily sick of it. Some of the men killed a fine cow in the afternoon. This is done on the sly but the officers know all about it and get some of the meat. Saturday 28th: Very cold day. Some of the boys killed a fine hog. We have to steal meat or starve. No drill today, for a wonder. Sunday 29th: Cold and clear, on guard. Took a stiff horn of whiskey and a fine breakfast of beef steak and hog head. Officers fiddling, dancing, and drinking whiskey all day and nearly all night. Shameful conduct for officers, the whiskey is sent for the men but they drink 9/10 of it themselves. The men are allowed 1 gill per day and they only give half a gill to the guard, the balance of the men get none. All quiet'through the night. .. Monday 30th: A fine clear day, came off guard at.8 AM and got (torn) full of whiskey. Target practice at 10 AM. Our gun (torn) shooting in the battery and knocked the cross down. It is 9 inch Dahlgrine on ship's broadside carriage. Tuesday 31st: A am mess cook this week. Drill in battery in morning and infantry drill in afternoon. A boat loaded with poultry and vegetables came to our landing and asked such an enormous price that our boys took nearly everything from them. Our mess got a bag of.potatoes, two geese and one chicken. Complaint was made to comdg. officers and at dress parade he requested that all that had a hand in it would step out and acknowledge ' it and remarked that they would only have to pay for the-things. 16 or 20 men stept out and their names taken down. I think that this will be , thelast of it. Had a fine supper of poultry and vegetables. Very cold night. | ' February 1, Wednesday: Cold and clear, drill in the battery in the morning. Sixteen men went to town to work. ! Thursday 2nd: Pleasant day, drill in the morning. Monday 6th: I got through cooking last night, very disagreeable work" Jor there is scarcely any cooking utensils. Heavy shelling for the last ;three days down the river. Drill in morning in battery and skirmish drill / in the afternoon. Drew 1 pr. pants, 1 pr. cotton drawers, 2 cotton shirts, / nd 2 plugs tobacco and 2 lbs. soap. Tuesday 7th: Drill in morning and at skirmish drill done in afternoon . I was detailed for guard in the morning but was excused as I had the cleanest S gun. Rain all. day. The gurad fired at a boat and brought her to. There / wvre four men in ler that were trying to get to the Yankees. They were sent to jail. ' ... / __,

PAGE 124

Wednesday 8th: Very cold all day. In the morning Seth Cleveland who had been our pursers steward and who has held that position ever since the war began was triced up with his hands behind him. He fought manfully S and it took three men and two officers to do it. He did nothing worthy of such punishment. It seems that he had to go down yesterday to get provisions. There is an ambulance here for that-purpose but when it started a lot of officers half drunk jumped in and ordered Seth to walk. It was raining very hard at the time and he.had the itch very bad and would not go, so the comdg. officer asked him why he did not. le told him that he would put anotheman in his place in the morning, so this morning he appointed a man who declined (torn) Seth was then ordered to keep hisL old place and refused to take it back, consquently he was tied up. I mention this to show gow we are treated. The officers are intoxicated all the time and put more airs than a commodore would. A Foragin party went accross the river and killed 3 hogs, 1 sheep, and 5 geese.. Our men got some of the pork which was an old boar. Drill with small arms in the afternoon. e 1o Thursday 9th: I went to town today and sold 15 undeishirts and drawers for $18.00 and bought 1001bs. corn meal at $1.00 per lb. and 1 lb. of soda for $15.oo. 'There are 15 men in our mess and each men put in an garment. for we are short of breadstuff. Gto back to camp at five o'clock PM. Friday 10th: On guard. Cold and clear. Saturday llth: Came off guard at 8 AM. Target practice in battery in the afternoon. Fired three shots from each gun. Enemy shelling our forces below. Monday 12th: Pleasant day, not much to do. Monday 13th: On guard and very cold. At 1 AM while I was on post I heard something coming through the woods and when it came in sight it looked like two men. I hailed three times and was about to fire my gun when I discovered it was a mule. The officer of the guard came running to find out what I. was hailing about and in crossing the ditch the plank broke and he fell in. This amused me of the balance for my watch. February 14th: Tuesday: Came off guard at 8 AM. cold and windy all day. Battalion drill in afternoon. Rain through the-night. SWednesday 15th: Raining all the forenoon, our quarters leak like I a sieve. Thursday 16th: On guard, pleasant weather. In the afternoon Tom King was put under guard for refusing to whip a boy. The boy refused to black one of the officer's shoes and lie ordered him to be whippedi but Tom refused to whip him he was put under arrest also. I ' Friday 17th: Came off guard at 8 AM. Worked all the afternoon carrying lumber to build a house. Blowing very hard all day and part of the night. At 9 PM just as I fel.1 asleep the alarm was given that the Yankees were landing below us. All hands went to qrs. and 27 of us went out as pickets, S remained there until 11 PM when we were releived by some soldiers and we went to bed. Our officers did not know as much about posting us as a lot of old women, we were scattered all about in the woods and had the Yankees : attacked us we would have shot our own men. All quiet the balance of the night.' * * ,.:

PAGE 125

Saturday 18th: Pleasant day, all hands busy on earthworks. Drill in morning. The enemy still shelling Fort Aniderson, they have been at it for several days. Sunday 19th: Pleasant day. In the afternoon about 40 Yankee launches came up the river. Only one of our guns, a 30 pdr. Parrot,.would bear on them and soon drove them back. I think they were sounding the channel and dragging for torpedoes. Monday 20th: At 10 AM 9 Yankee gunboats came up the river and at 3 PM they opened fire on us. Our Parrot gun opened on them in return it being the only gun that would bear on them. The thrid shell the Yankees threw came.very near killing me and several more. Fortunately we had put up a lot of sand bags in the morning which saved us but we were buried in sand. Several shells exploded near our gun and onb struck the platform and tore it all to pieces. Ceased fire at dark and we worked nearly all night and repairing damages with the sand bags. Very dold. Tuesday 21st: All hands at work strengthening the fort with sand bags. At 4 PM the Yankees came in line and opened on us and continued till dark. They shelled us very heavily but did us but little injury. Our 8 in.,-shell gun was dismounted and while trying to mount it the gunner was badly hurt by the gun falling on him. Wednesday 22nd: At 1 AM an officer came around and turned us out and ordered us to pack up and take everything that we wished to'carry with us and not to make any noise. We did so and fell in and stood in lines *about 1/2 hour, then marched.quietly off to a hollow about 400 yds. from the battery and waited there bout 1 hour. It was bitter cold.;and I thought that , my feet would freeze. Started and marched through the city of Wilmington, not a work spoken for the Yankees were very close to us, in fact we afterwards found out that they were in the city when we passed through, but we went through the back part of the city and they were in the front. Marched withour resting till 10 AM when we rested for one. hour then started and crossed a pontoon bridge at N.E. River, halted and took a good sleep, when our. skirmishers commended fighting and we were .ordered to fall in and fromed in the.line of battle. Remained in lines for 1/2 hour when we were ordered to go to Goldsborough. Marched to the depot and found that the train had left. We built fires and just as they were burning nicely we were ordered to fall in and marched on the R. road to Burgaw. Arrived there about 4 AM and turned in feeling dreadful tired and sore for we had marched 27 miles. Thursday 23rd: Turned out at 7 AM very stiff and sore, drew some corn bread and bacon and at 9 AM got on the cars and went to Magnolia; Got off there and remained till 4 PM and.got on another train and'arrived at Goldsborough at 2 AM got off and turned in. Friday 24th: Turned out at 6 AM and cooked some mush for breakfast, raining all morning. Fell in at 12 M and marched to the court house and remained there all day and night, put a guard around the yard to prevent us from going out. Rain iJ.l night. Saturday 25th: Rain all day. I was on guard. At dark we fell in and marched through mud and rain to the cars and started for Greensboro, N.C. ... ...._..........----. ....----.--..-.---.--... :.

PAGE 126

.-.1-^. -· > -_ -L-I ý iu, 6 lU1l>1 4-iL LIC C"L: "ilu camped in the woods near, the depot. Very muddy and disagreeable. Cold and couldn't buy anything it being Sabbath. At 4 PM started in cars and run all night, stopping for a few minutes at numerous places but it being dark I could not see anything. Monday 27th: On the cars all day running very slow and stopping often. Arrived at Richmond about 13 Midnight got off the train and marched about two miles and halted in thestreet. The officers went off and left us in the rain and got shelter for themselves. We stood it about 1/2 hour when we began to make a (torn) and were starting off on our own hook to look for shelter when the officers came to us and took us to a car shed where we remained all night or rather morning for it was half past three wlien we got into the shed. Tuesday 28th: Remained in the shed nearly all day. "My mess bought $195.00 wotth of bread bedides a lot of pies etc. There are sixteen of us in the mess -and the bread is only enough for two days ration. Started for:Drewry's bluff in a steamboat at 4 PM and arrived at 5 PM. This is a very fLne place with a plenty comfortable houses. Our mess was fortunate enough to get a house to our selves. Fire wood very scarce. Wednesday March 1st:' 1865: Cold day, drew some brdad and pork in forenoon, Camp guard put on. Tom Saunders one of my old shipmates came to see me. lie is stationed at Battery Brooke. Thrusday 2nd: Raining all'day. In the.afternoon 40 Ibs. bread, 4 Ibs. pork, and 3 lbs, rice came down to us. We had a very hard job to get it up the bluff which is between 89 and 100 feet above the water. The bread came out of one bbl. pork and I managed to transfer three pieces of it to my mess. I , Friday 3rd: Cold day, mud everywhere. Drill at small arms from 10 AM to .11 AM and from 3 to 4 PM. There is a camp guard on, 6 posts. This is the first time there had been a camp guard since this place has been fortSified which is over 3 years ago. We have such a miserable set of officers Sthat we have no peace. S Saturday 4th: Busy in our mess cutting and carrying firewood, we have Lto carry it about a half mile through the mud and the water we use is near Sthe river bank and has to be carried up the bluff which is very steep. No. drill today, pleasant day but very cold at night. All.quiet along the lines. Sunday March 5th: On guard today, pleasant day but,very cold at night. .' Raining all forenoon. 4 Monday 6th: Came off guard at 9 AM. I did not drill in morning as the old and new guard are excused from drill in forenoon. Bought two small cooking pots for $40.00 and got a large kettle by slight of hand. We have been here 6 days and have not had a thing to cook in except a small spider that we borrowed from a marine. Now we can get along Finely. Drill Jn forenoon. We Ihve nothing to do with the guns in the battery and I begin to think that they intend to put us in the army. If so, I will not serve under our present officers for they want so (this entry ends). S> lTuesday 7th: Drill in forenoon and afternoon. About 180 men and alot of officers came down in the afternoon, several of my old shipmates were among the number. Tlhey are from Charleston, S. C. Warm and pleasant. Wednesday 8th: Raining all day and night. A lot of provisions and a ...... .P t.Qy.. c amie .dun 1 n-.Ft-.ern non... ....... ......-...-..--.... -..... :. .......... .---.

PAGE 127

with them until sunset when they turned us over to the i'.M. Renmalnue in lines with many more prisoners until abput 8 PM when we started with a calavery guard and marched and reached Farinville. Arrived there at Midnight, camped there for the night, tired, sore, and hungry for I had eat but one scant.meal during the day. Sunday 9th: Started at daylight and marched until nearly sunset when we arrived at Burkeville where we turned over to the P.M. at that place. Many of our men are here prisoners but I knew no one. No rations. Turned in but my backed ached so badly that I could not sleep. 'Commenced raining about 11 PM, turned out and stood up with my blanket over me till morning. T thouIght of my dear old home with all its comforts and my mother, how it would make her Eond heart bleed to see me standing in the rain a prisoner, hungry, tired, and worn out. But its no use fretting about such things now, too late. 1I Monday 10th: Raining all the morning. Drew some beef and some salt. Cooked it. Great cheering in the Yankees camps, official dispatch from Grant states that Lee has surrendered his whole army.I fear it is to true. Three train of cars came up today from Petersburg. Rain' all day and night. Slept in a fly with some prisoners that I became chums with. Tuesday llth: Raining all day. Drew a little beef and some salt. No bread, have had none since I've been captured. Our men are exchanging tabacco and Confederate money with the Yankees, 1/2 lb. bread for $10.00 and $20.00 bills. I was fortunate enough to day to get 6 small crackers for $2.50 all the money I had. The Yankees won't give us any bread, can't imagine the reason, their men have plenty. 500 more of our prisoners came in at dark. / Wednesday 12th: Pleasant morning, nothing to eat. Drew 2 days rations of bread and beef in afternoon. Rain all night. Thrusday 13th: Hot and unpleasant. At 10 1/2 AM all hands fell in and were counted off, for what purpose I can't tell. All the troops from each state fell in seperately and their names taken down. I an Alf. Lowe put'ours with the Fla. troops. All to paroled to Va. and some N. C. troops were paroled and started for home. I am in hopes tp get off tomorrow. Drew some bread and pork. Rain all night. Friday 14th: Pleasant day. Was paroled at 2 PM, started and marched 8 miles, stopped at water station for cars, built a fire and turned in at an Sold field. Saturday 15th: Commenced raining at 2 AM and rained all day. Got on a platform car at 9 AM and rode to City Point, arrived there at 4 1/2 PM wet and hungry. Drew dome bread, pork, and coffee. Slept in a shed and / rested well. ,'uiidiy 1.6th: Drew rittlons, went to P.M. and got paroles stamped, thlen to the transportation of .Lce and after wa.tl.ng in line 3 hours got. tranii-.. portation and started for Fortress Monroe in a steamer. Arrived there at 4:30 PM, remained there about 15 minutes. Most of the paroled men went onI remained on board at the str.-is going td Washington. Arrived at Point S Lookout in the night.' » ~ '~ "nuuaraL-· _,i~

PAGE 128

Moinday 17th: Saw two of .my old shipmates. They are not paroled yet, they went on shore at Po'int Lookout this morning. Quite cold. Left Point Lookout at 9 1/2 AM and arrived at Washington, D.C. at 4 1/2 PM. Went to P.M. officer but it was closed, then went to the Soldier's rest and got supper. This place is crowded with negro and white soldiers all mixed together. There are also many Southern soldiers, the most of them deserters who have taken the oath and waiting for transportation. There was much noise that I have slept but little during teh night. Tuesday 18th: At 3 AM we were aroused and told to get up to make room for 1200 negro soldiers who were expected. Remained out doors in the cold till daylight. The niggers arrvied at daylight, a very impudent sight. After they had got through their brakfast we got ours, a.slice of bread, a thin slice of boiled pork, and a cup of coffee. I forgot to mention that President Lincoln and some of his cabinet were assassinated on Saturday night. On our arrival we saw all the houses decorated with crope and flafs halfmasted, guns fired every half hour, etc. I am informed that we cannot go out of this place but will have to stay here they bring us our transportation. No one got it today. Lincoln's funeral will come off tomorrow and then we may get it. Everything is as standstill as present. Nearly every men here has taken the Oath of Alligience and I am afraid that the paroled men will have some trouble to get away .from here. I don;t want to take the Oath but if they send me to prison I will take it for I am satisfied that the South is gone up,the spout ant it is no use for me to linger for a long time in prison for no purpose. Wed. 19th: The President's funeral took plce today and all business suspended for the day. Minute guns fired all day. I am in hopes of going away tomorrow for I am sick and tired of this place. Can get no sleep for there are alot of rowdies and pentlentiary birds among us that go prowling around at night stealing whatever they can and making such a noise-that it is impossible to sleep. 'I find a great difference between the officers and soldiers here and those that are in front. The latter treated us kindly and never insult us but those that have been in cities and all the war treat us like dogs, can't speak civil to us, say we ought to be hanged, etc. The term Rebel son of b-tch is as\gentle name as they can call us. Pleasant day. Thursday 20th: Pleasant morning. The house that we are in is full of lice, counted five on me this.morning, had none yeaterday. If I have to remain Shere long will be eat up by them for I have but little suit of clothing that I have on. There are but 3 Or 4 of us paroled prisoners in the house I am in, the balance are.deserters who have taken the oath. Many,of them went off yesterday. Raining all the afternoon and night. God only knows when we will get get away from this place for I hear so many reports. Some say they will not allow paroled men to leave but keep them prisoner of war. But I will find out tomorrow certain. Friday 21st: Damp and chilly day. At 9 AM went to P. M. office, were put in the yards in rear of the office under guard. Remained there until near ssunset whei theyi took our numes and where we wanted to go and then sent inder guard to the Soldier's Rest and put into a building with1200 negro-sold ers andl a lot of white deserters and bounty jumpers and a few of our paroled men. .Was very unwell all day and night, severe cold and light fever. Slept but little during the night. ' _ *--.. ..--------. ............. ..... '. " _ .. .t ...... -„_.-..-.-.„.-_Y____ -_^. »^<. ««W<<.L~.»M^ ^··ELg.~~-~aUWIY(~ILP

PAGE 129

Saturday 22nd: At 9 AM. all tihe paroled prisoners were sent to the P.M. under guard and after remaining there until 1 PM and being humbugged all that time we got our paroles stamped and a pass to go to whntever place we named, but no transportation furnished unless we took the' ath of Allegiance. Many did so but I and my chum would not take it but got a pass to go to N. York. We were also informed that if we were found with any Rebel clothes on 48 hours after we were to be arrested. Here we were, Alf. and I, among strangers and enemies, not a cont to save our lives, no clothes except for what we had on, nothing to eat, and a military prison staring us in the face. All this we could avoid by taking the Oath, we would not.. We thought of an old friend we had not seen in five years W. W. Maloney, and after some trouble found his house but he was not at home. His wife directed us to his place of business where we found him. He was very much pleased.to see us, loaned us $25,00, all he had to spare, and walked with us to the depot. We got our tickets to N. York and started immediately. Arrived in Baltimore at sunset, remained but a short time and started again. Arrived in Phila. at 11'PM., changed cars and started again, and run all night. Sunday 23rd: Arrived in Jersey City at 6 AM, got out of the cars and crossed to N. Y. in a ferry boat, walked down to Fulton Ferry, went into a eating hot / and got breakfast for I was'very hungry, having eat nothing all.day yesterday. Slired a room had a wash, turned in and slept till dinner time, tuened out and ate a good dinner. Pleas'ant day, after supper turned in. Monday 24th: After breakfast called on Hiram Bennet in hopes of getting some money but could not. Called on Wm. Pickncy-and asked him for some telling him our situation and offering an order on my brother George. He let us have $25.00 each and told us to find out what the passage-to Havanna was and he would let us have enough to pay our tickets. Started and bought some clothes with $25.00. I bought one flannel coatifor $13.00, 1 hat, $2.00, S 1 shirt $2.00. 1 hdkf. $1.00, 2 pr. sockds a lot of paer collars and a neck tie. Was taken with a severe chill which lasted till night but went in search of the P.M. office and after walking from 12 M to 4 PM at last found thie office shut up and was informed by the guard that it would not be opened till Wed. 26th. Walked back discouraged and sick for I had a violent fever, and headache. Went to my roon and turned in. Tuesday 25th: Fell;first rate today. Every business house closed on account of the funeral of the president which took place at 12 M. All the different lodges and associations, even the Irish, turned out.

PAGE 130

SDIARY OF SAMUEL -CATAWBA -LOWRY Second Lieutenant Co. F, Seventeenth Regiment : South Carolina Volunteers during THE CIVIL WAR S18611864 , ,. , .. ^ , .' :-. -"; , This is a copy of the original Diary written by hand by Samuel Cosmo (Catawba) Lowry which was passed down to me by my Mother, Willie M. Lowry, and is now in my possession. I desire to have a .copy of this Diary in the hands of each family of the Lowry-Avery Clan. It is a marvelous document portraying the courage, faith and dedication of this young man to those things he -lovedin life, his Family, his Home and his Southland. He was, killed at the Battle of the Crater, Petersburg, Virginia,' July, 1864. He was nineteen years old. -\ Sumter L. Lowry ..Chief, Lowry-Avery Clan , -.'. ~ -..... ';,. ., T, is .. • op, o t

PAGE 131

THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE NORTH AND SOUTH MY EXPERIENCE, CONTAINING THE DIFFERENT BATTLES, MARCHES, SKIRMISHES, PICKETS, &C. IN WHICH MY REGIMENT, THE 17TH SOUTH CAROLINA -VOLUNTEERS, COMMAN DED BY COLONEL JOHN H. MEANS, PARTICIPATED. CONTAINING SKETCHES OF SERVICEON THE COAST OF SOUTH CAROLINA AS WELL AS IN VIRGINIA, MORE PARTICULARLY REFERRING TO THE CAROLINA CAPTAIN JOHN W. AVERY YORKVILLE, SO. CAROLINA SS. C. LOWRY -^ .i -\ .

PAGE 132

BEGINNING. SI will now proceed to give, as well as I can recollect from memory, the different incidents that occurred to myself and Regiment during my connection with the Southern Army, a periodof 12 months. My Company left Yorkville on the 27th day of November, 1861 and proceeded from there by railroad to Camp of Instruction at Columbia, on the College Grounds. The Company to which I belonged was called The Carolina Rifles, comrranded at that time by my Uncle, Capt. William B. Wilson, having for Lieutenants 1st Lieut. J. W. Avery, another Uncle of my own, 2nd Lieut. D. L. Logan, 2nd Lieut. R. H. Whisonant. Our company consisted of 100 men, from York District, all as stout and hardy a set of men as ever left the peaceful firesides of home to meet the foul oppressor. I was only entering lacking two months of my 17th year, having obtained the consent of my parents, after worrying them Sout begging them, and having two uncles in the company. As I left off, we proceeded to the Camp College Green at Columbia, South Carolina, where we remained for a week drilling. I have been for two years a pupil at the Kings Mountain Military Academy, and being well drilled I was kept busily employed in assisting to drill the Company. This being our first camping ground, and being then something new, we had our fun, sitting around the camp fires, cracking jokes, and telling tales. After staying here a week we moved out of Columbia to Camp Hampton, 5 miles distance, on the plantation of the now-celebrated Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton. We encamped on an open old field formerly a race course. We pitched our tents amidst the rain, which was then pouring down in torrents, getting a thorough wetting, but we soon pitched our tents, and building some cheerful fires, we soon got dry and c' omfortable. While staying at this,_one of our most pleasing Camps, I spent my time most agreeably, playing our camp games, living on boxes from home, filled with substantial food, such as meat andbread, which we ate with unusual appetites, cooked on our camp fires. I may as well here name my mess mates and the faithful servants who attended us through all our hardships. My mess mates were, the Captain and three Lieutenants, W. H. Moore and W. B. Byers, Capt. Wilson's servant, and head cook was named Dick, Lieut. Avery was named Noah, a stout built Mulatto, full of fun, and as faithful as the days long. My boy was called Horace. He was about 40 years of age, and one of the best and most faithful of negroes, who I afterwards had the lamentable misfortune to lose by a disease, concocted in camp. So you see, we were well waited on. These boys added a great deal to our amusement by telling their wonderful tales, and singing songs around the camp fires at night. To return. The spot on which we were encamped was bordered on one side by large ponds, known as Hampton Ponds. In these ponds I sometime went duck hunting, finding plenty of the feathered tribe, but they were extremely wild. One day, having better luck than usual, I succeeded in killing two very large Dock O Mallards, over which we had a royal feast, prepared by the skillful hands of our cooks, My uncle and myself went out several times to hunt them, and sometimes with success I fished some in these ponds, but it was too late in the year and consequently I failed to catch any. : .r: .* 1. /^ ..*. -,*,*

PAGE 133

While at this camp we spent our time mostly drilling, and performing the ( various cuties of camp. It was here also that. our Regiment was organized, officers elected, etc. The following officers were elected: Ex-Governor John H. Means, Colonel, who afterwards proved his right to this and higher honors by his evident ability, by the valor he displayed, by the confidence of his Regiment, and at last by his glorious death on the heroic plains of Manassas. Fitz W. McMaster, -Lieut. Colonel. Never was man better fitted for office than the heroic and chiSvalrous McMaster. I do not overrate his powers in thus describing him. Suffice it to say, time will prove. Julius Mills was elected Major. A man in every way worthy of the office, being an excellent officer and high toned gentlemen. Our Regiment thus organized, we now received orders to move to Charleston, which we did after a stay.of two weeks at Camp Hampton. Our route and next camp I will now describe. Having received our orders and a train of cars standing in readiness for us, we got aboard-about six o'clock one morning, in box cars with plank seats, which, by the by wasvery good. We travelled over the well known track all day, until about one o'clock at night, being delayed by having to wait on other trains to pass us, the cars were very crowded and warm, we knocked off several side planks to admit the air, sometimes riding on top of the cars, which is very dangerous, but is not thought of. We arrived in Charleston Sabout one o'clock at night, and landed at the depot, where a substantial supper of bread and coffee awaited us, of which I did not partake very heartily. After supper some'of the men slept in the depot, others in the cars, I went back to the car and picking out the softest plank I could find, lay down, and was soon wrapt in the arms of Morphius. The next day we disembarked our baggage, shouldered our knapsacks, marched through the city and crossing the Ashley river, by bridge, encamped immediately on the other side, that is on the right bank, this camp was christened Camp Lee. We remained here nearly a month, passing our'time with the daily routine of camp duty, and occassional visits to the city. Sometime I would hunt squirrels, of which I found plenty, but it being'the proper season for fishing, and fishing in salt water being something new to me, I spent a great deal of my time fishing, but my luck here hardly ever exceeded anything else than catching any amount of crabs, a sport I took great delight in at first, but of which I soon-grew tired, especially as I could never bring myself to eat them or oysters, of which we had plenty, nor any other thing of the kind, although my two uncles gloried in them. I went out several times rowing in row boats on the river, and sometimes trying our skill in managing a boat with sails, run aground, and stuck ,fast until we hired some negroes to pull us out. But I soon learned to row a boat very well. It was at this 'camp that measles and mumps broke out among us, and for a time laid up nearly the whole Regiment, some dying from the effects of them. I fortunately had had the measles, but not the mumps. A great many were sent home on furlough to get well, and our Regiment was for a time thinly reduced. It was about this time also that one of my cousins came down and joined the Company, and who' was with us as long as I stayed, and is still a member. William Dunovant beingabout my age we were nearly always, together. From this camp I went home ona 'short visit, and while I stayed at home the mumps, which I had several chances to catch, came out on me, though výxy slightly, and I soon got perfectly well, and after staying at home about 3:weeks I started -......i .' 2 .

PAGE 134

S back to Camp, but while I had been away the Regiment had been ordered away from Camp Lee and had moved to.Johns Island and camped at a plantation on the Island, and named the camp Craft, from its owner. They stayed here only a few days and moved lower down on the Island to Camp Craft No. 2. Our company was sent out on picket to Rockville, but nothing as I understand of importance occurred. The Regiment afterwards moved to Curtis Plantation, and named this camp, one at which we remained a long Stime, Camp Fellow. It was here that I joined the Regiment, and came up with my company. We were encamped here for about two months, and numerous little instances, marches, pickets, forages, etc. occurred here, which I will relate in turn as they occurred. " ' ' Our camp was in an open old field, the largest I've seen on the Island, very level, -and excellent for drilling. We spent our time in various ways, walking over the island, viewing-the different beautiful residences and the unfragrant scenery of a lowland swamp, fishing in the creeks, hunting, playing ball, and hunting something to eat. The first two days or so we spent in fixing up our camp, making rude benches and tables, putting straw in our tents to sleep on. After getting fixed up I began to wander about Sthe Island, in the swamps, looking at the various kinds of vegetation on the lookout for some animal worth shooting with nmy pistol which I generally carried with me, and hunting for magnolias and such things as I knew would be prized at home, some of which I sent home, I went about to several of the nearest houses, deserted by their owners on account of the Yankee's proximity. In several of these houses there was a great deal of furniture, some of it costly, such.as beds, bureaus, sofas and somei times pianos, &c. of which a great deal had been destroyed by some ruthless hand, a great many old books and such things as was needed in camp, when we found them we S/ did not scruple to take. We spent a great deal of our time in camp making little rings Sout of cow. and deer-horr and beef bones, sone of these were very beautiful, and of Ssuperiour workmanship. I went out several times on little fishing excursions with my uncle Avery, but generally failed to catch anything else but crabs and eels, butI saw some negroes that understood'the art bringing up buckets full of fish & crabs and shrimps. .I took great interest in going out in little boats with thcse boys and watch: ing them fishing. We lived mostly on-sweet potatoes, of which any quantity could be -found, of superior quality. I wentiout-with the wagons several'times after them, getting the wagons loaded and then looking about the garden and premises for some-thing further in the eating line, such as a stray sheep, and very often we went out cow hunting,, that is, some of us would be sent out on the Island to kill beeves for the -Regiment; plenty of which were to be found stray and almost wild on the Island. One day W. Dunovant, myself and several others were sent out to kill them. We went about 4.miles from camp over on Wadmalaw Island. We soon came across a small drove, and encircling them fired into them, each one of us dropping one. Then came the work skinning them. I assure you it is no fun for we tugged and worked for an hour or so, but we soon got used to such work, and was generally glad to get a chance to skin 'them, in anticipation of a good meal. Very often we were sent out foraging on the different plantations and islands around us, sometimes bringing fodder and hay for the horses, sometimes potatoes for ourselves. I was always very glad to go Son these expeditions, as I got a view of the country, and generally got something extra to eat for my own mess, such as a sheep, duck, & c. Besides these, in some manner pleasant employment.' We very often had to go on expeditions just the -contrary. After we had stayed on the island a short time, we were put to work building a road across the marsh and then a bridge over the Stone River, at Church Flats, to-the mainland. A detail of men from each company was sent every day to work on 3. ..;..,. / * :' ,

PAGE 135

them. Our times came 'round quite often, and we would either have to cut wood or brush or dig up dirt, or some other hard labor, this was very tedious and a very dirty work. We were continually in the mud, and on some of these expeditions we. would sometimes come across a bee hive, or a stray sheep, or some other thing. One day I got a lorge Muscovy Duck which represented as being wild. As these were our every day employments, we had our fun at night, when not on guard. We had an over plus of fiddlers in the Regiment and every, night a ring was soon formed and a nimble-negro in the middle, we had dancing, far superior to the c-amped steps of a fashionable hall. But when the guard turn comes, then our amusement stops for awhile, and the stern duty of a soldier, tramping his lonely path, thinking of the dear ones at home, usurps for awhile the jovial mood. As he walks along his lonely post, liable at any moment to be ushered into the presence of an offended God, by the hand of an unseen foe, listening to the mad howl of the wolf, the hoarse croak of the frog and the shrill cry of the never tiring whipporwill,-his comrades wrapt in a slumber so coveted by him; tis then he thinks of war, and its horrors, of duty and its rewards, of disgrace and itsconsequences, andt then the loved forms of dear ones at hone, flits across his mind, he views them in his imagination, sitting before the glowing fire of a peaceful home, talking of him so long absent, and then it is that sweet recollections of the past present themselves, to sooth as it'were, his troubled feelings. But hark:, the fierce cry of the sentinel's halt again awakens him to a sense of duty, and such duty as a struggling country demands of her sons, fighting the battles of freedom. , , But to return. I will now notice our first picket, and give facts as near-as I Sremember. Our Company was ordered by the Colonel to go on picket to Rockville on the outskirts ,of Wadmalaw Island, in perfect sight of the enemy's gunboats, about half mile distance in the Edisto River, and in sight of their camp fires on Edisto Island. Accordingly we left Camp provided with a weeks rations, a blanket strapped to each ones back. and shouldering our muskets, struck the march for Rockville, 15 miles distance. We marched by fours, and about three in the evening reached a house two miles f-r-om Rockville, and took up quarters for the company in the house, pretty weary c.n': r' red The first night was not mine to stand guard, which was very fortunate icr me as I was somewhat fatigued. We slept soundly that night, and rising next oorning, felt considetably refreshed. Clubbing together we formed little parties, going about on the Island, some in search of something to eat, some Sfor simple curiosity, and others for books and camp plunder,. &c. The coming night was the night for picket, and the company fell in and marched down to Rockville, marching along behind the h dges a rd fences: to keep out of sight of the Yankee lookouts, to whom we did not.wish our whereabouts to be known. Just as we got in the vicinity of Rockville a very heavy rain shower, came up, drenching us to the skin. We marched on through thebeautiful little village, one of the prettiest that I have ever seen, and we took up quarters in one of the largest houses, and after stationing pickets on the banks of the river to watch for boats we/lay down on the floor and was soon sound asleep. Nothing of importance occurred that , night. The next night was my turn for picket, and when it arrived my Captain took me down to the river banks, stationed me there, and ordered me to watch for boats and if I saw any to fire on it, and retreat to.the house. I took my post, with a blanket around me to keep off the shrill, cold sea wind, and I stood\and watched the rolling expanse of waters before me until I was tired out. About midnight I got so sleepy., that I cculd hardly keep my-eyes.open, and every now and then would drop 4.

PAGE 136

off in a gentle snooze, and would be awakened by the loud blowing of the porpoise in the river, or the constant dash of the waves on the shore. I thought it the : longest night ever human mortal experienced, .and I fervently wished a boat with Yankees would come along, that I might fire into her, but none came. The Captain brought me a chair about midnight; I sat down in it, trying ny best to keep awake until morning, but would'occassionally drop off into little snoozes. But, joy, di.vine, I at last saw the bright light of day begin to dawn,-and nights dark mantle was withdrawn.' Then I was relieved after standing post the whole night, from S dark until daylight, then leaving a picket in the place, we marched the company back to our temporary. quarters. When I got back to the house the first'thing I did was as Dick, the cook, said, to eat a pound and a half of bacon, with bread in .proportion, and then for sleep, but strange to say, I could not sleep, but was running about all day with the boys, sometime sailing on the tide in a leaky boat, and again catching crabs and gathering oysters. That evening Liut. Logan came down to us, who had been home on sick furlough, and brought us orders to repair to camps instantly as the Regiment had received marching orders. Accordingly, we withdrew the.pickets and took up line of march for camps. I was no little fatigued in this march, but kept up as well as any, as I always made it a point never to break down as long as one leg would follow the other, but I had stood guard the preced-ing night, not.sleeping any of any consequence, for 48 hours, and was necessarily tired. When we got to camp all was quiet as ever, the marching orders having been countermanded. So we were once more back into our old camps, and I tell you what, .I didsome tall sleeping that night. The next morning I got up considerS ably refreshed, and for several days we lolled about the camps, playing ball, fishing, drilling &c. One day I went up to one of the large swamps, close by us, taking 'my gun, and killed a small alligator, of which there was a great plenty, but could j .not get him out of the water. Also, there were a greatmany cranes all 'round us, and finding some of their nests, I climbed up ,to them and got the eggs, over' w hich I had a superb feast when I got back to camp. My faithful.old servant , Horace attended me in these marches, ever careful to procure my comfort as he S best could, carrying me little extra bites of sone thing to-eat, always having my, , dinner, and cooked atthe proper time. We did not have very many expeditions ' while at this camp, besides two or three othertrips to Rockville, Bears Bluff, and of little consequence, arid several forages and false alarms, caused sometimes by the sentinels firing at imaginary enemies, or discharging their guns by' . accident or carelessness. I went on several forages. I went on a forage once on .Kiawah Island, right on the-sea coast with A. McElwee and the Major and Commissary C aptain, W. B. Metts, of the Regiment. I rode in a little wagon with the former mentioned gentleman. The distance was about 25 miles. We passed on to Seabrooks plantation, where a few days before the Stone Scouts had a brisk skirmish with the Yankees, the'marks of the combat were distinctly to be seen on the trees and surrounding houses, which were'perforated with balls. Here we crossed river'by bridge over on Seabrooks Island, we struck across the island and < soon arrived at the other side, and crossed another stream on a very delapidated bridge, over'to Kiawah Island. From here we had a distinct view of the sand hills " .on the ocean beach. As we got on the Island we struck on to a little road, just ..wide enough for the wagons to pass through, with a jungle on each side of palme-ttoes and other low country vegetation so thick that you cannot see five steps into it, to let alone penetrating it. We proceeded, and at length arrived at one , of the plantations at the extreme verge of the island, where we found several S'negroes, the only persons on the island, from whom we bought all the chickens -, : , ." ' * -' '

PAGE 137

and eggs they had, aitd several young lambs, with which we loaded our wagons and, then Capt. Metts lending me his horse, I with the rest of the party, two excepted, rode down to the beach to see the ocean. Accordingly we rode down there and rode along the beach for three miles or so, occassionally dismounting to pick up some pretty shell, any, quantity of which were scattered around us. I filled my pockets, it being in some respects new to me. We rode on until our guide, Capt. Walpole, discovered a footprint freshly made in the sand, and knowing it to be one of our enemies, with the true instinct of a scout, grew cautious, and we turned into a little path and rode on until we reached the main road conducted by our guide, without whom we would have been certain to have gotten lost. We soon -caught up with the wagon and proceeded to camp without accident, arriving about nine at night. UItn, after unloading the wagon, we retired to our tents and arose next morning considerably refreshed in mind and body. W We remained on Johns Island some 3 weeks, making our stay about two months in this camp. Nothing of any consequence occurring except the.reorganization, in which the Regiment enlisted for the war, all over 35 years of age and under 18 being exempt after 90 days after 72 months. This caused'a decided change in the Regiment. Some new officers were elected and others retiring home being exempt. R. S. Means was elected Major, vice, Major Mills. The Coloneland Lieut.'Colonel were reelected. Capt. Wilson being exempt by his age, went home, though greatly against the wish of the 'company, to which he had endeared himself by many kind acts, and our 1st Lieut. J. W. Avery was elected Captain by the unanimous vote -of the company. Lieut. Logan was elected 1st Lieutenant and our 3rd Lieut. also S leaving us, R. H. Whisonant, two vacancies were left, 2nd Lieutenant and Brevit 2nd, to which places E. T. Moore and W. Moore were respectfully elected. So we had an entire reorganization and it was the same in most of the companies of the Regiment. I will now speak for myself. Being under 18 I could not get the consent of my parents to enlist for the war, so my turn was 12 months and 90 days, having then some 8 months service before me. I forgot to state that it was here that my old Servant, Horace, took sick, and getting worse I sent him home, where the poor fellow died about two weeks after this. My father and brother, also my cousin Leon Massey paid us a visit, bringing to me another servant called Jesse, a. likely young fellow of about twenty, who afterwards stuck to me thru thick and thin,, and of whom I never had cause to complain. We remained on the Island a good while afterwards, lying still in camp, living on low bush black berries, any quantity of which were all around us, and of which we had delicious pies prepared by our skilful cooks. Then receiving marching orders we took up line of march and crossing the causeway and bridge that we had completed at Church Flats after a very hot and dusty march of 15 miles, encamped at Rantoules Station on the Charleston and Savannah railroad, a very pleasant place. This we named'Camp Simons No. 1 here pitching our tents we soon rested from our hot and fatiguing march. We had only remained in this camp a short time, employing out time fishing and drilling, when we were summoned back to Church Flats to oppose a gunboat or two that was said to be advancing up the river, which proved to be one cd those " common false alarms, to which we were always dubject, and which were constantly occurring. However, we were detained here for several days without tents, but crowded in little huts so close that we hardly had room to turn around, and 6.

PAGE 138

I generally prefer the open air if not raining and slept out of doors. One night my cousin and myself spread our blankets under a large oak, and were soon sound asleep. About midnight a very heavy rain strom came up and pattering rain in our faces we were soon awakened, and my cousin arising after it began to come down pretty hard, ran into the house, but I, with singular foolishness, drew blankets 'and oil cloth over my head and sat there, taking the rain which poured down in irresistible torrents, and in a minute it began to run under me, then I jumped up in my stocking feet and ran through the muddy water to the house, leaving shoes which, for a wonder, I had pulled off, and gun, and accoutrements, next morning my shoes were full of water, and I had some difficulty in drying them. My guns and Saccoutrements were not hurt. I spent about as much of my time while here in the river bathing, where I first learned to swim. After staying here two or three days we returned to camp, seven miles distance, where we arrived in a short time. We made one or two other marches from the camp only about two weeks, from where the camp was removed from this place lower down on the railroad, to the little village of Raverial, about 10 miles distance, in a very healthy and pleasant situation, right by the side of the railroad. This camp was named Camp Simon No. 2, S where we remained until our removal to Virginia. But from this camp we took on several hard marches and expeditions, which I will relate in time. The first expedition was to Pocotaligo, from there to Port Royal Ferry. We were lying quietly in camp with nothing to do but sleep, eat, drill and run about the country, when a courier came dashing up to the headquarters bringing information of the Yankees landing at Port Royal Ferry and marching' towards-Pocotaligo, to cut the railroads, said to be several thousand;strong, with orders for us to repair immediately to Pocotaligo to resist the advance. I happened to-be on guard at the time in camp and was in,a state of mental excitement, bordering on to madS ness for fear I would be left in camp and would not get to go, but-I soon get a substitute to stand guard in my place and let me go; Pocotaligo was 50 miles distance, but a train of cars soon being ready for us we went like the"wind and soon arrived . there about sunset in the evening. Aswie landed the cavalry pickets came up saying the enemy were retreating, after being driven back by our small body of cavalry in a spirited skirmish, with some loss on both sides and several Yankee prisoners. Nevertheless, -we immediately started in pursuit. The enemy had been within a mile of Focotaligo 'when they retreated. We marched very fast without stoping to ,rest once until about ten at night and had narched some ten or twelve miles without seeing the enemy. Taking upline of march again after a short rest we went -some three miles further, when seeing no hope of overtaking the enemy we were ordered to halt and stop for the night in a large mansion. But our imaginations were not to stop here. Our-company and Capt. Culps of our regiment were ordered to proceed to a bridge with a detachment of the Beaufort Artillery; also to defend the bridge, and if possible to intercept the march of the enemy, and defend our rear from a night attack. Accordingly, feeling the full force of the old proverb, there is no rest for the weary, we again started for the bridge, said to be 3 miles/, distance, but we, by the route we went, soon found it out to be nearer 6 than 3 miles. We marched along in silence, not allowed to speak aloud, suffering greatly from want of water, nothing was to be heard but our own.dull, heavy tramp, the command of our officers, the hoot of the owl, the cry of the whipporwill, and the black darkness of the night, all conspired to effect-each one of us with thrilling interest, every moment expecting to see a body of Yankees oppose us; but none appeared. It may be as well to state here the whole detachment was under the S command of Capt. Avery of my company and to no one could the trusthave been 7. -\ )

PAGE 139

.' .better given. He was in every way qualified to carry out the enterprise, as he . is to carry out any that can be given to him. He was nobly-aided by the other officers also. We advanced very cautiously, constantly keeping an advance guard in front and rear guard behind. Just at this time an incident occurred which served to increase the interest of us all. Capt Avery caught a horse standing in the middle of the road, riderless, but with saddle, bridle and sword of the owner buckled to him. We did not know what to make of it. Was it the horse of an enemy, who by our close pursuit had been compelled to abandon it, and if so, were not more about, and such like idle surmises, but the mystery was cleared up the following day e's I will show you in time. We grew more cautious after this, but marched on until at last we arrived at the bridge over a small river about two o'clock at night, fatigued, sleepy and hungry. Here upon the edge of the marsh we halted and, aftet stationing guards on the bridge and in our rear, tumbled down on our arms and were soon sound asleep with one blanket over us. When we arose in v the morning we were wet with dew, but, building fires we soon got dry and the searching our haver-sacks for something.to eat, which we found very scarce, and as the day were soon out entirely.About nine' o'clock in the morning we took up line of march and crossed the bridge, intending.to form 'a junction with.the regiment at the cross roads.We pursued our route and arrived at the cross roads and there we found a key to the mystery of the horse. On the side of the road, in a little ditch, lay the dead body of Dr. Godard a member of the Rutledge mounted riflemen, shot thru and thru by the enemy who had waylaid him and shot him from the bushes by the wayside and that was his horse that we had caught. Here " -,we joined'the regiment and fell. into our place and pushed on to Fort Royal in pussuit, which was five miles distance, but were too late. We arrived at the ferry , just in time to give the enemy a parting salute with out canon causing them to d' scamper out of the way in double quick time. The enemy was driven back but no fight of any consequence had taken place. We were woefully fatigued, hungry and sore, but it would not do for us-to stay there, and we were ordered to return. We commenced the march about ten o'clock in the morning and hour after hour we . trod along the sandy road under a burning sun, with sore feet and mouths dry with thirst, sometimes I pulled off my shoes, and took it barefoot, but the hot sand Scompelled me to put them on again. We still persevered, somebroke down, but at length the Long looked for railroad came into sight. I have often thought this one of the hardest marches I ever took, being about 48 miles, with hardly any rest, under a burning sun. At Pocotaligo a train of cars carried us back to camp Simons where we soon rested from all our toils. We remained in camp about two weeks before we took up another march, and this march was back to Johns Island. A courier came dashing into camp suddenly, bringing news that the enemy had landedin strong force on Johns Island, and that the gunboats were advancing up the Stone River. The long roll was sounded, 3 days rations were gotten ready, and in an hours time we were on-themarch. We soon arrived at Chruch Flats on the Stone, and took up quarters on the banks of the' river, while Col. Dunovants Regiment of Regulars was sent over on the Island to oppose the advance"and to serve as a vanguard for us. We remained at Church Flats until about four in the evening, when a Courier came up, at full speed saying that the enemy was still advancing and that Donovants whole Regiment had been cut off by the Yankees and were all prisoners. This caused'great excitement. Everything was gotten ready, not doubting that we would have a tough struggle. Orders , '" .-• " *. -·. '. -·*

PAGE 140

were given and we took up line of march for the Yankees. We marched on until about 10 at night. The enemy was said to be in two miles of us. We were certain of having a hot fight on the morning, but slept soundly after the fatigue of the march. In the Smorning we marched down to the forks of the road where the Yankees were supposed to be, but we were mistaken. They were still further off and when we arrived at the cross roads we received orders to halt and await the arrival and orders of Brig. Gen. Evans, commanding the whole force, and whom I think was rather tardy in all his proceedings, and through whose mismanagement a splendid opportunity was lost for if he had have been with us that morning we could have advanced against the enemy and no doubt have driven them off the island with loss, but they soon began to fall back again and when Gen. Evans arrived the enemy had.retreated into the neighborhood of Seabrooks Island. 'On the arrival of Gen. Evans we were ordered to retire to a house a short distance -back and spend the night, leaving a picket at the cross roads. Nothing of importance occurred that night, this was the second night on the Island. The following day we spent lolling about our temporary quarters, listening to the various reports, brought in from the picket lines in front by our cavalry. About 4 p.m. a heavy thunder storm came on. The clouds were perfectly black, and seemed to be a forerunner of the bad mistake which occurred that evening. It had been raining all the previous night. The roads were very wet, but every, now and then reports would again reach-us that the enemy was advancing. About this time our pickets stationed at the cross roads sent in a man saying that a body of Yankees both infantry and cavalry were upon them and that they were in great danger of being cut. off and for us to hasten to their relief. In five minutes we were ready and on the way to the picket lines two miles distance. Our picket numbered about 30 men,all cavalry. We had gotten in about half mile of the line when a sad calamity, or rather, mistake, befell us. Just as we turned an angle in the road what was our surprise on seeing a body of horsemen immediately in front'of us, at about ten paces, going, or rather, coming, at horse neck speed towards us. We had barely S time to part to the sides of the road to save ourselves'from being run over by these flying horsemen. )We supposed them to be Yankees, but as the"foremost neared us we saw them to be our pickets.' The foremost man as he approached shouted out, "The enemy are right behind us," but it so happened that our men had divided into two squads on account'of some horses being, faster than others and we took the first squad to be our pickets and the hindermost ones to be' the enemy in pursuit, for all of them were going so fast no distinction could be made, and wewere very naturally mistaken as the last squad, which we took to be Yankees, came up ourfirst two companies fired into them dropping men, horses, &c., and in our confused melee. Rain was pouring down and we were soaking wet, and the fact of a great many of the guns not firing saved several lives. It was bad enough. The cavalry likewise mistook us for the enemy and fired their pistols at us as they passed. Two Lieuts. in the Regiment and one Private was wounded. I was standing right by one of the Lieuts. when he received his wound which was slight. I had just fired at the cavalry as they passed and was reloading when I heard the command given to form line of battle on the other side of the road. I immediately rammed home my bullet and ran across the road jumping over the dead and wounded lying in the road a id took my place in line. The Yankees on hearing our fire immediately stopped their pursuit, wheeled, fired into us and left as fast as possible. But we still supposed that a large body of Yankee infantry was in front of us and we immediately deployed on one side of the road, and forming line of battle advanced, wading through the marsh sometime up to our hips, getting a thorough wetting. In the mean time torrents of rain poured down in all its fury, and such thunders as I never before ) 9.

PAGE 141

heard. However,, after reloading we kept steadily forward in line of battle. Haying thrown out Capt. Hill's company as skirmishes in our front, all of a sudden the skirmishes fired into what they supposed to be a company of Yankee Infantry who immediately skedaddled. Proving to be cavalry, leaving one'horse killed. The: -: night was very dark and with difficulty we could see our hands before our faces. Nothing more of the enemy was seen and we returned to learn of our unfortunate mistake in firing into our own men, but which was to be blamed entirely on our cavalry pickets. We had only returned a short time and were drying our clothes before large fires when our company was ordered out on picket to repair to the cross roads and remain as guard for the rest of the night. We immediately left, and arriving at the cross roads pickets were stationed, and the utmost silence maintained. I was placed at one of the stations with two others, and remained standing the rest of the night, shivering with cold, but the bright. Goddess of morn Sat length succeeded in raising the dark mantle of night and ushered in a bright sunny day. We were now relieved by Capt John M. Wisherspoons company and returned to quarters to rest and eat and lay about all day, nothing occurring to excite interest. At dusk the regiment.was again formed and marched down to the cross roads, but at dark Gen. Evans arrived and ordered us to leave' the Island, and our whole force, excepting the cavalry, left, consisting of Dunovants Regulars, 16thlregiment and ours, the 17th. We got to Church Flats at about nine at night, ' tired and sleepy, having stayed on the Island a-week. The following day we repaired to Camp:Simons for a short,rest, for it was not long before we were again on the'march, our route and also our purpose this time was different from that which we hitherto pursued aridsomething more exciting, for we had hitherto acted only on the defensive, but now we assumed an offensive position, and -attack was planned on the enemy on Edisto Island to be led by Col. Stevens of the Halcombe Legion, an able and excellent officer. We soon received orders, and with little Spreparation were on the march. First'we went to Adams Run, the headquarters of GenEvans,-about 12 miles distance from our camp. Here we met up with one or two-other Regiments bound on the same expedition. In truth, our force was very small, being only the Halcome Legion, 17th Regiment, Nelsons Battallion, and some other separate commands of artillery and cavalry. A small force to undertake to drive ten thousand Yankees off of an Island so well fortified and defended. When'we arrived at Adams Run we halted and spent the night out in the street. The next day, by daylight, we were on the march for Edisto. We walked all day under a scorching sun, suffering from thirst and fatigue. We at length arrived at Pineburg the place of crossing over to Ichossee Island, at about sunset, having. only one large flat to cross the whole body, we were a long time getting over. Our Regiment did not get over until about nine at night, when we took a small embankment for a path, thrown up just between the rice dams and the river, only a yard wide, with very tall grass growing on each side of it." It needed only one mistep on either side to precipitate us into the river on one side or the rice dam on the other,but luckily for us the moon was shining brightly. We kept up this narrow path for "' V. about three miles, following the course of the river until at length we reached a road leading to Ex Gov. Aikens plantation, and following it, soon reached his wealthy farm. It ought to be called a village as I never saw so great a number of negro houses together to be owned by one man and on the whole so well fixed. We stopped here to rest, it was then about 12 o'clock at night. When we had hardly gotten . 10.

PAGE 142

seated on the ground when a courier came dashing through our ranks at headlong speed saying that the enemy was endeavoring to cut us off with their gunboats by sailing up the river, and were prepared to receive us on the Island, having been informed by some treacherous negro of our intentions, and as only half of our Sforces were yet over on Ichossee orders were given for us to retreat. We immediately marched back, leaving a picket behind, and taking the same route by the narrow path proceeded very slow and did not reach the ferry until about two o'clock -and were then compelled to stand in this narrow path for three hours and a half before we could cross, the tide having fallen and we were compelled ito wade thigh deep in mud and water before we could reach the flats, but we got.over safe at last just as the gray,tent of morn began to appear on the Eastern Horizon. Having walked the whole night and the day previous we were pretty well wearied, and took a great rest at Pinebert, and about ten a.m. started for camp which we reached the following day. Our march being all for nothing as it turned out to be. This was the last march of any consequence that we took on the coast. True, we made another trip to Pocotaligo once in the-case of an alarm, but it proved to be false, and we returned. Our next experience now came to possess more the appearance of stern reality, and instead of, false alarms we came to sturdy blows, and close contest with a powerful enemy. We received orders to repair to the Old qominion, the land of fights, and were soon on the way. \ .PART SECONDVIRGINIA . We were lying in camp at Camp Simons No. 2 when we received orders to get ready 'to leave for Virginia. A soldier's baggage, like his money, is always scarce, and we ) were not long in packing.---All extra'baggage was discarded, and boxes, baskets, tin pans, &c. were left strewn over the camp grounds. .A train of cars soon came for -us, and one car only being allowed to a company, we were necessarily, crowded and warm, -it being the last of June." We got to Charleston about four in the evening, .and were compelled to remain there until nine at night, for want of means of transSportation to carry us. We were here greatly disappointed, and the whole regiment ,very angry. We had all entertained the idea of getting to go the upper road which could have taken us all close to home and was as near as any other way to Virginia, but when we got to Charleston it was decided to send us the Wilmington and Manchester;railroad, and I can tell you there was some tall cursing done that day, but it is a soldier's duty to'obey orders and we were compelled to go the way we were S ordered, -we took our spite out in eating watermelons, and fruit, and a goodly number of them went down that well worn path, a Soldier's throat; we left Charleston that night at nine o'clock, and was fast carried away from the state of our pride, and birth, some never to return again. We passed through Old Rip by way of Wilmington and Goldsboro up to Welden from thence to Petersburg and Richmond. We were one week on the road and at last we reached Richmond without the occurrance of anything worth mentioning. It was near ten o'clock at night when we reached Richmond. We were formed into lines in the streets and marched directly through ,them, saluted by deafening cheers by the populace, and the ladies looked timidly from their windows, and waved handkerchiefs and night-caps in abundance. We marched out to the race course, two miles from the city and encamped there that ni ght without tents, although raining a little," but we soon got to abhor tents, and would take the open air from long usage. We remained here several days, spending our time visiting the city, and to the theater and the different curiosities that RichS mond affords. My father came to see me here but stayed only two and left at the 11.

PAGE 143

same time that we got orders to move. In obedience to the order we moved seven miles from Richmond to the neighborhood of Laurel Hill. Here we pitched our camp S in a pleasant old field, this camp was called Camp Mary. We had lain idly. in camp for two or three days when we received a most disagreeable order which was to go to work throwing up fortifications, breastwcrks, ,&c. Our Brigade was divided into two parts and we took it day about-in the trenches. Now I tell you, this,work is anything but fun. One of you home guards look at us poor fellows, sweat rolling down their sun burned cheeks, scorching sun pouring down in full vigor on the partly naked bodies of our brave soldiers., Look at them as with sheer dreariness they are wont to drop down to sleep, and tell me why you would like to filltheir places. -You would certainly stain your white kid gloves and get some Virginia clay on your snow white pants and your beautiful Saxon complexion would certainly take' a deeper and darker color. Oh you young dendified monkeys, Second Chesterfields, this is an age more fitted for the Blount Norman than the prim "Francais." Enough of this. We remained here for two weeks, and threw up a line of breat works .that will remain for centuries as a memorial of our handiwork. :At the1 end of this time' we received orders to break up camp and report at Richmond. Now it was .that our hardest sufferings began. In accordance with our orders we broke-up camp \ and marched to Richmcnd. Here I met with a considerable.misfortune. My boy, : Jesse, took sick and I was.compelled to leave him behind'a short time. When we S reported at Richmond we were ordered to the, depot on the Gordonsville road. Here we took the cars and made sail-ho for the valley made memorable by Jackson's ' exploits. After travelling all day we reached Gordonsville and I may tell you here,, S'this was the last riding we did for a long time. We encamped in a very pleasant ' grove in Gordonsville that night, hungry and tired, but I managed to get a good , supper from one of the surrounding houses by paying an exhorbitant price.. The next morning rations of the best crackers we had ever had were issued to us and we received orders,to march. We left Gordonsville'and marched over what I thought a very hilly country, about'seven or eight miles. I was carrying a , knapsack full of clothes andI can inform you it made no addition to my speed.' S / We-at length arrived at.our halting place and some of us.had'made us tents of ' -poles and bushes, and some of blankets and oil cloths. W.hen we were ordered to S .move our camp about half a mile westward, behold the inconstancy of a soldier's Slife, the change and disappointment he undergoes, the privations he endures, all for the sake of his country, the spot we were ordered' to move to was'entirely free from woods, with the exception of an apple orchard and seemed to resemble a tremendous potato patch, for it was a continued succession of hills, very lofty, 'and grand and sublime in appearance. Here was the whole of Lonstreet's corps bivouaced on these hills, the azure light of thousands of camp fires sent their ruddy hues toward the skies. The whole landscape, as far as the eye could reach was illuminated by this succession of lights, and by night the scene lent an additional enchantment to the view. This enchanting scene was enlivened by numerous bands of marshall music that soundedforth on the still night breeze, its. brazen *. r melodies, and lent an additional luxury to the already enchanting scenery. Look over those hills and you will see the whole of Lonstreet's invincible corps sitting, ' reclining and sleeping on the grassy hillsides. Look at the self-devotion, the s patriotism-of our noble soldiers as they assemble to vindicate the rights and, , honor of our oppressed country,, and be thankful to an omnipotent God that you live in such a land. We established ourselves on the summit of one of these 12. -i4

PAGE 144

hills and lay here a week and I can positively say that I ate more beef and flour that week than-I ever did in any two previous to it. Our cooking was truly of an original style. We had no cooking utensils with us, but we invented substitutes by taking flat rocks and heating them to broil our beef upon. You would be surprised at the delicate flavor this style produced, and our plan for cooking flour was still more original. We poured water into the barrel of flour and each one grabbed in and made up his own dough; then some drew it out into a long string and twisted it around sticks to cook before the fire; some made ash cakes, and some more ingenious still, got flat boards and succeeded pretty well in making decent hoecakes. At length however, and to our regret, we received orders to pull up stakes, and move. But by the way, I forgot an expedition, or rather a skirmish we had, at Malvern Hill while at Camp Mary, and I will relate it here before proceeding to our more difficult labors. While in camp at Laurel Hill our pickets below Malvern Hill report'ed the Yankees advancing, and we were marched out to meet them and oppose their farther progress, but the Yankees, after driving in our pickets, stopped at Malvern Hill and established themselves there, which was about seven miles from our encampment. Gen. Longstreet determined .to take the hill and for that purpose we, Evan's 'Brigade, were sent forward to drive in the enemy's pickets. We left camp in battle trim, with three day's rations, and marched within two miles of Malvern Hill, and we then deployed at two'paced apart and advanced on the Yankee pickets.We marched these two miles through the thickest kind of black-jacks and wood, but the Yankee pickets getting wind of us fled, leaving guns, ammunition, .knapsacks, and every-' thing to us, but we could not remove any of them as we were still advancing on the enemy. After getting through the woods we ,came upon an open old field with woods of Malvery Hill on the other side. Just as we got on the edge of the wood, it being then'about dusk, our guide a Cavalryman, and by the by, a brave man, spied a Yankee. come galloping through the field.' He deliberately got off his horse, took aim through the crack of the fence,,'and fired, but his gun misfired and the Yankee wheeled and rode away,' but the fellow belonging to the picket, and not knowing that they had been Sdriven in, thought his own men had fired at him through mistake, and he rode back up the road to us. Our guide rode out in the road to meet him, and when he came up familiarly addressed him and after holding some conversation with him, he asked the Yankee if he ever saw a Rebel. The' Yankee answered no, and our guide then bursting out into a horse-laugh, and'clapping the fellow on the shoulder, said, "Well, 'old buck, you see one now.You belong to me. Come along with me or I'll spile your bacon." It is'needless to say, the Yankee was completely astounded. After this little incident, we marched out into the middle of the old field and laid down in the grass and lay here for/an hour or so. Our Colonel sent one Company, Capt. Culps, forward to the woods on the side of the road. They had hardly reached there when a company of Yankee Cavalry came riding along. At first they mistook us for friends, but, on approaching nearer, and perceiving their mistake, they fired and wheeled, but we fired into them, and found fotw Yankees dead on the road, besides severalwounded. As the Yankees ran back the whole of Gadherry's Eighteenth Regiment fired at them and dropped some more. The Yankee Forces at Malvern Hill, on hearing of our advance, evacuated the hills and we took possession. The same night we marched two miles back and hivouaced for the night, but we were kept at this bivouac for two days before we returned to Camp Mary, so ended this expedition. S. 13. ..* '. ' * ' '. * . S. *, '/^ .. ' / '

PAGE 145

To return. Now commenced a series of the nardest marches on record. We took up line of march from Gordonsville and marched in the direction of Orange C.H. We travelled the entire day until night, usurped the rule of day, the men groaning under their knapsacks, and toiling along with feeble steps. At night we.' were asleep as soon as we touched the ground. I, fortunately left my knapsack behind with Jesse, and had only my blanket to carry. This I twisted and strung over my shoulders like a Scottish Plaid. Being the easiest way of carrying it. We lived along our marches on a small ration of bacon and hard crackers, so hard it took rocks to break them, and occassionally we got some roasting ears and green apples, but such things were.scarce. We marched on an average of twenty miles a day but often we had to go very thirsty. I found myself as able,altho young, to stand the march as well as anyone in the company. That night we sometimes halted, and again someS time marched on 'till near morning, when halted we tumbled down on the spot we were halted at, and, after building a little fire, and eating a, scantysupper, roll up !in our blankets, and sleep as soundly as if all was peace. Rain may come and drench you, yet, sleep still holds her own. This then was our daily routine, As soon as day . S dawns again we are on the march.Some point must be gained at every hazard, and every nerve is strained to do so. Pope and his retreating Army retreat steadily before us, occassionally he gives our advance guard a skirmish. At length we S crossed the Rapidan River, the enemy still retreating before us. On crossing the' Rapidan we were formed in line of battle and advanced through several old fields in battle. line, but no enemy appearing in view we again took to the file. Now, the _ Rapidan having been crossed -the race was for the Rappahannock, we kept steadily on day after day,' past the well fought and victorious battle fields of Cedar Run, until we arrived in the neighborhood of the Rappahanock, and here the enemy j J seemed determined to make a stand and dispute the passage of the river. WAe had '· now been about twenty days on the march continually. The enemy nowdrew up his artillery on this side of the river, and threw'his pontoon bridges across to facilitate his retreat, the next morning after we arrived in the neighborhood of the -Rappahannock River, by day dawn, Gen. Evans formed.his Brigade in battle order Sand advanced on'the enemy's batteries. We marched over several wheat fields,. and being supported by a Detachment of the celebrated Washington Artillery from' New Orleans, we pressed forward into range of the enemy's cannon. The Washington Artillery got up to the top of the hill and'opened the ball, then commenced one of the fiercest artillery duels ever fought. We were about 100 yards behind the WashS ington Artillery and in full range of the enemy's guns. The shells fell around us as thick as hail the air above our heads was fairly rent with the shrieks of the cannon balls and shells bursting, rickocheting, and whizzing amongst us. The roar of seventy five pieces at once was truly dreadful, strange, to say,. we had lost few men so far, Sbut 'we were lying exposed to every shot, and the Gen. Evans, seeing this rode up to -us and swore he would take the Yankee battery. He ordered the Halcomb Legion to charge it, and we to follow next. We had an open field to cross,, and the enemy * seeing this, directed their fire at us and hurled rains, of grape, canister, shrapnel Sand shells at us. Men were falling thick but we'charged up the hill, shouting like demons, but lo ! the enemy had fled, crossed river, taken up his bridges, and -established his battery on a hill on the other side of the river, andinow, being out. of our reach, poured their fire into us. We were ordered to lie down on the side of the'hill, and there we lay for eight hours beneath a scorching sun, partially F shielded by the hill from'the enemy's fire, which flew over us like rain, about three feet above our heads, and occassionally dropped among us. The-enemy at last --i . * F\ ./ * 14. ^~ ~~ --?··'

PAGE 146

found our whereabouts and moving their batteries raked the side of the hill we were -.. lying on, killing and wounding several at the first discharge. 'We shifted around t6 the other side of the hill and laid there awhile, when Gen. Evans came up and ordered us to retreat to a piece of woods a short distance back. We were again compelled to cross this old field, and in view of the full fire of the Yankees, but we reached the woods with slight loss./ Here we remained until night, and the enemy ceased firing and resumed their retreat. We advanced to the hill we had driven the Yankee battery from and found several dead Yankees and a quantity of commissary. After this severe shelling, and, having buried our dead, and cared for our wounded, resumed the pursuit cf the Yankees. Our Regiment was particularly fortunate in this instance, while the Halcomb, lost about sixty in killed and wounded, we had only about six. We marched the next day after the shelling higher up the Rappahanock to the bridge over it, but found this bridge defended by the enemy. We stopped here one day while our pickets kept up a continual Sscattering fire with the Yankees across the river. The.Yankees burned the bridge and seemed determined to prevent our crossing, but here Gen. Stonewall Jackson perfomLL3cd one of those quick evolutions for which he was so famous. About dark one night, leaving the artillery on our side to keep up a fire on the enemy at the bridge, we drew off and marching behind the hills and woods, eluded the sight of the Yankees and making a forced march to a ford about twelve miles down the river, we crossed over, .the enemy still thinking we confronted them at the bridge. The next morning our artillery withdrew and the enemy discovered the ruse played upon thanand again commenced.a retreat. Our pursuit was hotter than ever. Often we came across a dead Yankee laying in the, road, and broken guns, knapsacks and overcoats became more numerous than ever. It Swas evident that Pope could not go much further without turning to give us battle, and it proved to be a battle worthy of our expectations, and as severe as contending mortals can make it. , SECOND BATTLE OF .MANASSAS. On Wednesday evening, August 27th, we arrived in the neighborhood of Manassas. On arriving at-the little station of Gainesville we were drawn into line of battle after double quick but crossing only a short distance farther before we bivouaced for the _ night. On Thursday, the day following, we lay still listening to our pickets stray shots and to the occassional booming of big guns. On Friday we arose' considerably refreshed /and marched up in reach'of the enemy shells that now commenced falling thick and fast. We lay in .the woods a short distance from the enemy's 'line , watching the flying shells as they passed over us, seething, whistleing, literally plowing the air, the loud shriek of-the-flyiig shells, the dull whiz of the great ancanisten, with the disappearing cry of wounded mortals, fairly rent the air. Our pickets in front were continually popping away at those of the enemy, while every now and then we would hear the loud shout of Regiments as they would charge upon the enemy, firing like a crane brake on fire, and shouting like demons. All day we lay and listened to these discordant sounds, knowing that our time would soon come to mix in with the general medley. As evening approached the firing became still hotter. Brigade after Brigade hurried to engage in the general revelry. A short while before dusk Gen. Evans rode up to our Brigade and ordered us to advance. We formed a line and the general ordered us to double quick, and thus we went through bushes, over hills, &c., for half a mile, when'we came upon a farm house all around which was strewn with dead bodies. A short distance from this house Benbons Regiment, the 23rd S.C. Vol. being on the left of the brigade was charged upon by a regiment of Yankee Cavalry. Our fellows stopped steady, poured a destructive fire Sinto the charging cavalry , emptying nearly every saddle, and throwing them into the 1 i5. , .". I 1. /* .\-is* **'

PAGE 147

utmost confusion. Those that left immediately wheeled and fled, followed by the exultant shouts of our victorious boys. While advancing a stray ball struck W. A. Parker of our company inflicting a wound that proved mortal in a'short time. We kept steadily on, waded a deep creek, until we came in view of Gen. Law's Brigade of Alabamians where we halted in a corn field and remained there half the night, wringing wet and shivering with cold. About midnight a rumor reached us that the enemy were trying to get into our rear and Gen. Evans ordered us back to the farm house where we spent the remainder of the night. All night long the pickets kept up a constant firing, indicating that the enemy still confronted us. We all knew that the following day would be an eventful one for some of us, ay, a fatal one. The 30th of August dawned and ushered in a glorious day for our young Confederacy, -one that will ever be remembered in the annals of history, and one whose fame shall never pass into oblivion. As the day dawned, cannon after cannon boomed forth their iron hail ; and the increased firing 'showed plainly the fierceness of the battle. Regiment after Regimentadvanced to the contest. We lay for over half the day listening and watching the contest, and still no orders for us to advance. But at length, the order came. Gen. Evans ordered us to advance, and the whole Brigade started forward-in as: pretty a line as, they had ever formed on dress-parade. We advanced first across a little open space, or small strip of old field, and on entering the woods on the other, side the shells came flying over Sus in close proximity. Gen. Evans. ordered us to lie down-until the shells passed over us. As I lay down a shell came whizzing over me, about a foot over my head and fell right at my heels, but fortunately it did not explode. We got up then and charged for-, ward in a good line, through the woods, over the dead and wounded men, shouting like demons. After passing through the woods we entered on a thicket of cedars and here the enemy sent their great shots in perfect hurricanes, crushing and maiming man, after man. ( On entering a little clump of black-jacks, grape, canister, shrapnel, fairly rattled amid Sithe trees. -Here we lost very heavily, the man by my side was killed dead on the spot; our gallant Colonel, Ex-Gov. Means, fell pierced with a ball through the breast while gallantly cheering us on. It seemed strange how a man could escape, still we pressed resolutely on, and, on. clearing the woods at Mrs. Chinn's house, we came in full sight of the enemy drawn up in good line, and showing their leaden missels upon us, the red uniforms of Col. Duryeas New York Knaves, shining prominent in the ranks, with a shout that sounded loud above the cannons roar, we charged forward on the run, firing and loading as fast as possible .The Yankees did not await to lock bayonets with us, but turned and fled precipitently, still keeping up a desultory fire, While giving our whole attention to the fleeing foe,a regiment of Yankees suddenly drew up in line, in a few yards from us on our left, and poured in a destructive fire. And now my turn came, for it was here, while busy loading my rifle, that a ball from the enemy came whizzing through my thigh. My first thought was to look at it, but there was so much blood on my leg that I could not distinguish the wound. The balls continued to fly around me. knocking up the dirt.all around me, and I was in eminent danger of getting . another one. I got up and found I could walk a little, and hobbled about five steps back and lay down (Hors de CombatO. The battle continued with unabated fury, grape shells, shot, and Minnie Balls were plowing the air around me, and at that time I was suffering acute pain from my leg. My leg seemed to be numbed all over. Still, with a dull kind of pain thrilling through it. Several other wounded were lying near me. It was while lying here that someone came and lay down beside me saying, "We are friends' now if we have been enemies." I did not understand him, in fact, I did not take any 16.

PAGE 148

Snotice of him, but I saw he had on a Yankee uniform, which a great many of our men wore, andi supposed him one of our men. I lay still sometime without speaking to / Shim, examining my leg, but having finished I asked him to what regiment he belonged. He replied, "I belong to the 24th Ohio." You are a Yankee then, says I. "Yes," he replied, "but I am tired of this D d War, and won't fight anymore." I told him I would not trust a Yankee no furtfer-than I could see, and demanded his gun, which he complacently delivered, remarking, "It is loaded." I turned him over to our soldiers on their return. I lay here where I was wounded until the battle unded, which was about half hour after I got wounded. The Yankees were thoroughly whipped. It seemed that the field of Manassas was peculiarly unfortunate for them. As the retreating foe disappeared in the distance I got up on my legs again and commenced to hobble along. ;I found myself very weak and stiff, just able to limp along, but I assure you it afforded me infinite satisfaction as I knew when I could walk that my leg was not broken. I hobbled up to Mrs. Chinn's house about one hundred yards from where I was wounded and there I fortunately met one from our company, William Clark, who kindly assisted me, bound up my leg and gave his blanket and oil cloth to me. I will never forget this kindness. He evinced a warm heart and showed a brotherly feeling as soldiers should, for his comrade-in-arms. Poor fellow.' He afterwards received his death wound on the , field of Sharpsburg. I went into the cellar of the house and lay down for the night, perfectly easy and contented. I felt really happy on my own account, but exceedingly anxious on theirs. I gota soldier to fill my canteen with water and I used that simple, but most healing restorative, on my wound, just pouring it on the spot to keep the fever out of it. I finally got a,young Virginia Doctor to bind up my leg and -I felt very comfortable the rest of tle night. Capt, Avery, my uncle, who was looking on the battle field for me, found me about twelve o'clock that night in good spirits, and left me, promising to have me carried off in the morning, which he did. I considered myself truly fortunate in getting into the cellar, for it not only rained, but a night amid the dead and dying is not very pleasant. I was partially shielded from the discordant sounds of the wounded and dying, but I heard s ufficient to apall the ear of the most hard-hearted stoic. Discordant sounds rent the air, yells, shrieks, piteous groans and crys of suffering reached the ear on every side. It is truly horrible to witness the mangled bodies of the unfortunate combatants, limbs off, bodies.half shot away, features awfully disfigured, &c., all wrapped up in the robe of death. The features were variously marked, some wore the stern aspect of battle, even in death,' some presented pictures of despair, some of reckless determination, some of fright, and still some:of calmness and self satisfaction truly sublime. Some were smiling in death, seeming to realize that old and patriotic, but romantic maxim, " 'Tis sweet to die for one's .Country." Peace be to their ashes, a soldier's fate. How wonderfully sudden, how apparently awful. I, spent the night very comfortably, in fact, I slept, tho you may think it strange, but I did. Morn at last appeared, damp, hazy, chilly, the smoke of battle yet hovered in Manassas, on the battle field, and the bodies of ten thousand dead bespotted the face of nature. The Sun of Austerity never shown on a more desolate scene. About 11 b'clock my uncle came after me and I .was carried out on a litter, placed in a wagon with three others of my Regiment, and we were hauled off the battle field to the camp hospital. I would not go in the hospital, but with Lieuts. Logan and Moore, and my cousin W. Dunovant, all wounded, we put up a shanty and stayed in the woods. We had a couple of servants, Noah for one, and did very well. We lay here 3 or 4 days, when we were carried to S17.

PAGE 149

Warrenton, and here we hired a little private house and put up for good. I cannot pay too great a tribute to the ladies of Warrenton, Virginia. We were treated with every kindness by these noble hearted women. We were supplied with everything which comnfort could demand, and our comforts extended even to luxuries, and their continued solicitude and watchful presence, threw a hale of joy over our suffering. The aged,, but kind hearted old ladies, as well as the beautiful and accomplished young damsels, united in their mutual efforts for our comfort. God bless and forever protect them. Let no man ever speak disparagingly of the ladies of Warrenton, for they are models as Patriots and as Ladies. I will ever uphold them. We remained in Warrenton about ten days when we hired a man for 40 dollars to take us to Rapidan station in an old rough wagon without springs. This was our only Splan to get home.' We were two days in getting to Rapidan station, but finally reached the desired spot. Here we mounted in an old horse cart and went to Gordonsville, Virginia. Here, to my inexpressible joy, I met my father on his way after me. I found but little difficulty in getting passports for home, and in a week from that day I was safely lodged at home, and in six or eight weeks recovered from my wound entirely. The next year I got a discharge and went to the State Military Institution at Columbia but I am now on the qui-v9ve again, having left school. .' END OF PART TWO. Events occurring in the interval when Samuel Catawba Lowry returned home after being wounded at the Second' Battle of Manassas, to the time of his reenlistment in the Confederate Army. S Samuel C. Lowry, after recovering from his wound, was discharged from the army on account of being under' age. He was 'hen sent to the Arsenal, a military school in Columbia, S. C., which building is now used as the present Governor's Mansion. After being there about three months his youthful ardor and patriotism prompted him to attempt to organize a company of volunteers among the cadets. The Commandant hearing an intimation of this had the cadet corps drawn up in line on the campus and asked that all who were implicated in this movement make it known. Samuel C. Lowry stepped forward aad declared himself the leader, asking his followers to step out from the ranks. Twenty six responded. All were dismissed from the school. Sam then went to Ebenezer, near Yorkville, S. C. and stayed at the home of Shis maternal grandfather, Edward Avery. With his followers he attempted to organize a cavalry' company, but failing to secure the requisite number abandoned the idea and .he and three of his companions joined Company F, 17th S.C. Regiment, commanded by Colonel F. W. McMaster. Of the four who cast their lot in with this company only one ever returned. (Mrs. Sumter L. ) Willie M. Lowrys/ " .s 18. . A'-,

PAGE 150

BOYS THAT LEFT THE ARSENAL IN SEPTEMBER1863. 1. S. Catawba Lowry Yorkville, S. C. , 2. G. F. L. A. Massey \ Ebenizerville. 3. J. Young Goodlett ' Greenville . 4. R. Lide Burns Greenville . 5. Waddy Thompson / " 6. Thomas S. Hughes " 7. G. W. Smith Greenwood, Abbeville Dist. 8. L. F. Connor -Cokesbury. 9. J.W. Mays , , 10. A. McQueen Salley Orangeburg. 4 ' O , S 11. Jacob S. Felder Willow Swamp, Orange Dist. 12. ,C. W. McMorries 'i Newberry, C. H. 13. Julius A. Carlisle , Santuck P.S. -Union Dist. 14. Lewis C. Thompson Liberty Hill, Kershaw. 15; Willedge Galphin ' Augusta,,Ga. 16. John D. Harrison Ridgeway, Fairfield. 17. Lawrence W. O. Hear Charleston, S. C. 18.' Robert W. Vaux Charleston, S. C. 19. John Ball -Charleston, S. C. 20. P. G. Stoney , Charleston, S. C. 21. J. E. Edwards Columbia, S. C. Subsequent to this left, ,A. F. Browning Charleston, S.C. Jos. Huger Charleston, S. C. Grange Coffin Charleston, S. C. --William Lucas Charleston, S. C. S. -.19. , -" ,, '*

PAGE 151

DIARY BY S. C. LOWRY OF COMPANY F. 17TH REGIMENT S.C.V. -COMMENCED ON SULLIVAN'S I'SL*.ND, THIS 22ND DAY OF JANUARY, 1864 Jan 22nd. This is my first day in camp since the second battle of Manassas.. Am. Sgladly welcomed by my old comrades in arms. A warm and pleasant day. Spend my time reviewing the Island and our fortifications. With an occassional stroll along the seaside for shells.. ,Jan. 23rd. Another pleasant day. Nothing of interest occurred. Jan. 24th. Sunday. We walked down the Island and got within Ft. Moultrie to review her defenses. Find them remarkably strong, 15 inch guns pointing from every embrazure, ready to belch forth destruction to the heralding foe. Got a spendid view of Ft. Sumpter and the Yankee works on Morris Island. Sumpter is awfully battered. One side is a pile of ruins, yet her glorious flag floats in haughty defiance over her now hallowed ground. May she.ever be as she is now -triumphant.' The Yankees throw an occassional shell over to our Island but generally keep up a continual bombaudment of Charleston. Return along the beach to camp. ' Jan. 25th. A lively and rather cruel sea breeze has sprung up. Drilled twice today. Jan. 26th. Similar to yesterday. Had several nice games of ball &c. Jan 27th. On guard today. Posted at the camp. A very pleasant day and my guard duty was comparatively light. A stray bomb goes whizzing into the city every now and then.. Jan. 28th. Sleep and rest today from my guard duty of yesterday. Get some fresh beef for dinner,the first meat we have received since our arrival, issuing nothing but meant to the soldiers.. Light fare. This evening the enemy have commenced an unusually severe shelling of the city and occassionally drop a shell at Moultrie or Sumpter. There goes a bomb plowing the air and shrieking like fury, "Now," to the city. , .We have gotten used to them now and they do not even draw a casual remark from the men.; Leon Massey and Hughes on guard today. Their first time. Jan. 29th All night long the road of Yankeel cannon isheard and is still going on today. Old Sumpter is the subject of their wrath. We can see every shot as it strikes on her walls. The dust flying in columns from their stroke. The enemy-occassionally threw a shell into the city and one or two into Moultrie. All quiet in camp. Jan 30th. The bombardment of Sumpter continues. Somewhat severer than yesterday. Jan. 31st. Sunday again. Have Regimental inspection today. The bombardment still goes on but not so severely. All quiet in camp. Spend our time today reading and writing. Feb. 1st, A general inspection and review of the regiment is made this morning by Gen. Beauregard's Aide. We number about 500 men all told. The enemy keep up a lively shelling of Sumpter. All quiet in Camp. Feb. 2nd. Last night a steamer attempted to run the blockade and, in fact, succeeded,: but unfortunately ran agroud abreast Ft. Moultrie on the beach. All was now hurry and confusion on board the boat for they knew that as soon as the Yankees could see her they would knock her to pieces. Consequently, all hands commenced unloading, pulling boats pitching overboard barrels, boxes, &c. to wash ashore. Our picket guard on the beach pitched.in promiscuously, grabbing for themselves shoes, blankets, oranges, pickles, : whiskey, &c. At daylight the rumor reached camp and crowds of men rushed to the beach eager to get a share of the spoils. Some succeeded in getting something, but 20. ' -( x .

PAGE 152

soon a guard was posted and the things claimed by the owners, but a great many had S been beforehand and skeedadled with their spoils, and, as you would know, such things that were eatable.were immediately consumed, but alas for the poor steamer, as soon Sas the hovering mists began to recede before the coming light of day the Yankees spied her and commenced firing. At first wide, but gradually improving until she was fairly riddled and knocked to pieces. All day the whiz and thriek of shells are heard and in dangerous'proximity to us. It was truly a grand sight to stand off and look at the effect of each shot, first the enemy's batteries on Morris Island fired, and then the three iron-clad, turreted Monitors would steam up and pour forth a stream of lead on the devoted steamer. They wounded and probably killed several of our men who ventured too close. They are firing now at this moment'with redoubled severity. I bought two pair of shoes today that had been taken from the steamer, one pair for twenty dollars, the other for fifteen. Feb. 3rd. The roar of cannon is the first thing heard this morning. They fired all night long at the steamer. Today is my turn for guard again and it happened that I was detailed for guard at Moultrie in the very course of shot and shell from the Yankees. We left camp and started for our post, and as soon as we got in range of shell we crept along by the breast-works as fast as possible until we reached the bombproof. All day long here the shot and shell whizzed directly over our heads, but we were shielded by the bomb proof and laughed at the danger. A great many struck our bomb proof but did no.great harm, but safe as we were, we found the place very uncomfortable, on account of the sand continually falling in our eyes, and a part of us resolved to risk a little for the sake of comfort, consequently we came out of the bomb proof and took our seats behind the breast works. We sat here a long time, gaz.ing at the shellswhistleing by, and at last decided we were perfectly safe here, but we were too quick in our decision, for scarcely had we done so when a sixty pound shell fell with amazing force in three feet of us, but fortunately did not burst. If it had done so but few would have escaped. Night at last came and ushered in a painful scene. A S poor woman, a soldier's wife who had come from home to see him, was brought in the bomb proof with one arm shot off and a dreadful would in the leg. Her arm was immediately amputated and her other-wound being dressed, she was sent off to the hospital. The same shell that wounded her killed a man. Another man was also brought in with his arm shot all to pieces. It was also amputated. All night long the Yanks shelled, but their fire was somewhat slackened near day and only an occassional shot was heard in the morning. Feb. 4th. This morning I was awfully scared by a shell. The firing had ceased for a long time and Sergeant Ruce Workman and myself had gone cut to see the Regulars mount guard when Lo! a monitor steamed up, and let loose her bull dogs before we could reach any cover. The ball ripped its way on the water making a noise like a dozen cannon. I squatted behind a little brick wall, or cistern for water, no protection at all from above, but dodging was natural. Ruse fell flat and crawled under the house. On came the shell, and at last with a tremendous fuss exploded within a few yards of us, shattering the pieces of bricks down on us, and giving us an awful jar. Ruce and I immediately left the spot and made clean tracks for the bomb-proofs. As I turned I saw my boy 'Henry who had brought me my breakfast, leaving the spot where he had come, also. with lightning speed. Shortly after we were relieved and returned to camp, and slept the rest of the day. I bought three pair of shoes today again for $10 a pair. ' ' 21. ** '"-gv:" ' '

PAGE 153

Feb. 5th. This morning we find that some of our boys had been on the steamer in the night and brought us some pickles, pork and a box of champagne.. We purchased several bottles and drank them very speedily as you might suppose. -Today everybody Sis planning to get on the steamer. At night crowds were seen making toward the'steamer, which seemed as if the whole Brigade had turned out, but sentinels had been, posted and they were all stopped and informed they could not pass. For awhile the boys were raging and swore they would pass anyhow, and some did. The crowd was very large and much excited. At length, Col Keithe was brought out and he addressed the crowd, and appeased them by promising to divide the cargo of the ship equally, and they were all satisfied and disbursed. Feb. 6th. All quiet today. I went down to the steamer this morning but could not get on board. She is torn almost to pieces, one end under water. Feb. 7th. Go thru the usual camp routine. Feb. 8th. All still. Spend the day reading and writing. Feb."9th. On guard today at camp in place of Sergeant Happerfield, sick. Feb. 10th. Today I received a letter from home bearing me the grateful news of the birth of another little brother on the 2nd of February. I am all anxiety to see him, but know that it will probably be a long, time before I do see him. Late this , evening orders came to prepare threedays rations for a march,, and have full supplies of ammunition. We had no idea as to our destination then, but found out afterwards Sthat a demonstration had been made on John's Island by the Yankees who were rep6rt-' ed to be still advancing, and we were ordered to be in readiness to repel the advance, but the Yanks finally concluded that discretion was the better part of valor, and went back to their boats. ' I Feb. 11th. All quiet today. Nothing to arouse us from the lethargy of camp routine. Feb. 12th. Very windy today. Waves running high. Some of our boysiwent tothe wreck of the Presto last night after powder but got none.Feb. 13th. Lay quietly in camp until at dress parade we were surprised by orders ' received:by the Colonel to take up the march and leave-our camp for the boat at Mt. Pleasant to proceed to James Island in light marching order. The enemy had made quite a formidable demonstration on John's Island, and we were ordered to Fort Pemberton on James Island tb be in readiness to proceed forthwith to John's. We marched -to Mt. Pleasant for, and took the steamer there for Dill's Bluff. We were about four hours crossing, causedby the steamer running,aground, but at last arrived, landed and bivouaced for the night. Feb. 14th. Slept very soundly last night, and feeling in good spirits. We lie at our bivouac all day, get very tired lying about, but the boys are very merry. Tonight we go back to camp on Sullivan's Island, the enemy having retreated on John's Island. Feb. 15th. This evening again orders come to box up and travel this time for some distance and I suppose a permanent move as we take all of our luggage with us. We marched to Mt. Pleasant after dark, took the boat for the Savannah Railroad wharf, run aground once, but got over safely, but bivouaced for the night at our old camp of two years ago (Camp Lee). ' Feb. 16th. This morning we take the train and are rapidly borne on the iron track , towards green Pond were we arrived at about three o'clock, and marching about one mile from the railroad, took up quarters for the present and here I am now. Feb. 17th. Remained in our bivouac here all ',., nothing of importance occurring. Feb. 18th. This morning we left our bivouac for the camp of a cavalry regiment ' just vacated by them about two miles from our bivouac., Here we found most excellent 22. '

PAGE 154

quarters, nice little cabins ready built for us. They are decidedly the best quarters that we have had since the war began. We spend,the day fixing up. Feb.-19th. Today I took a stroll after wild ducks. Thousands of them' are to be Sfound in the neighborhood. We had only our Austrian rifles, and, altho we saw four or five thousand of them, killed none and returned to camp weary and mortified.\ Feb. 20th. Took another stroll after ducks today,-but ,they were not to be found today and we vented our rage out on killing blackbirds and one chicken that we bought. Nothing new in camp. We received a large box of meat from the ladies of Yorkville, S. C. and duly appreciated the generous gift. 'Feb. 21st. Sunday again. Preaching today by our Chaplain, Mr. Morse. Cousin Willie returned today from home. My boy Henry is very sick today, so much so as to alarm me. Feb. 22nd. Henry no better this morning, and I resolved to send him home by Capt. SAvery who goes home on furlough this morning. Having lost his dwelling house by fire a few days previous. The boys put up a gymnasium pole today and it is a source of great amusement to us all. Have general inspection today. Feb. 23rd. Nothing of importance occurred today. Feb. 24th. All quiet in camp except the regular drills, and cam routine. Feb. 25th. Tonight we received marching ordersto cook one day's rations and start by sunup in the morning for Stock's Causeway, ten miles distance. Feb. 26th. We left camp this morning in light marching trim and:soon marched over the ten miles of sandy road, without any occurrahce of interest, and found on our: arrival at our destination (the plantation of Dr. Jerido) that we were brought here to work. S Feb. 27th. Leave our bivouac this morning and marched boldly'into the native swamps, through which we were ordered to cut a road for transportation. We went to work cutting down trees, carrying poles to build causeways across marshy places, shovelling dirt, &c. We worked only four hours in the day and have the rest of the day to ourselves. Feb. 28th. Work again today. Went out this morning to a turkey blind to try and kill a turkey but failed. Nothing new. The boys catch two or three coons. Feb. 29th. ,One of company killed a large wild turkey this morning. Work as usual. Not hard. March Ist. ,Still at work on the road, nothing'new. I bought me a little double barrel shot gun today for thirty five dollars. Coons, Possums, and squirrels are caught in abundance. March '2nd. Still at work. Today :Igot permission to come to caiip. R. I. Withers arrived'to our mess today. March 3rd. Returned to the company. Find alright and still at work. March 4th. Today our working detachment was relieved by another portion of the regiment as we returned to camp after a dusty march of ten miles. March 5th. Nothing new. Epent the day cleaning up. March 6th. Sunday. Preaching by our Chaplain, Mr. Morse, today. Visit the railroad station and meet two old acquaintances and former school mates on the train. I, Earl and LePrince, March 2;3d. Having failed to keep up my diary on account of the regiment being sent out on e';t'ched duty, and not returning to camp, I will begin anew after detailing as briefly as jis;sible our employment during this interval. We were again ordered to Stock's Causeway to work on the breast works, and we have been employed every day since putting up a Fort at Burnett Farm. Work four hours each day with spades, 23. 23. -I*,

PAGE 155

wheel-barrow, &c. and the rest of the day is at our own disposal, which we spent in I; various ways. Some hunting, fishing, and loafing at camp. We caught a plenty of excellent cat fish and eels, on which we fared sumptuously, and occassicnally killed a duck. We are still at work here and will probably be kept here until the Fort is finished. It is reported,and truly I believe, that Gen. Evans has been restored to his command, and Col. McMaster has gone to Richmond to get out of his command, being deadly foes. I will continue my diary from this date. DIARY BY S. C. LOWRY, CO. "F" 17TH S.C.V. , COVIM ENCED THIS 20TH DAY OF APRIL, 1864. I have just returned from home on furlough of twenty days. Had a very pleasant time. On my way back to my regiment, which I had left in camp at Green Pond, S. C., I learned that they were under way for Wilmington, N. C. and probably thence to Virginia. I immediately then gave chase arriving at Charleston, I spent the night there and took the cars next day for Wilmington. I learned on arriving at this place that I had already outstripped my command and had passed the regiment on the road in the night., A very wet day, raining continually. I halted here to await my regiment which i Scame up in the evening, drenched with rain. Attend the theater this night. Very much pleased with the performance. Camille, exciting French Tragedy, being the principal act, and a most beautiful dance, (Grand Pas de Deux) by two lovely young actresses. An occassional attendance, which by our numerous circumlocution we sometimes manage to enjoy, affords a pleasant recreation to our monotonous entertainment. 20th. We are in camp two miles:from Wilmington. Will leave in a day or two for Weldon between which place and Torboro it is reported we are destined for the present ý to confront. Gen. Burnside demonstration on the Peninsular in anticipation of an attack on Richmond from that direction. We marched to Wilmington to take the cars for Weldon, but the order was countermanded and we returned.,. April 21st. We are now located in splendid quarters, just evacuated by Martin's N. C. Brigade, but we expect to leave them soon. This evening orders arrived to leave for Weldon again, and we again marched to Wilmington, and again as before the order was countermanded, and we returned cursing the inconstancy of a soldier's life. It is now thought we will be kept here sometime. The rest of the Brigade has gone on to Weldon. Gen. W. S. Walker is now in command of it, Vice Gen. Evans, lately injured by a fall from a buggy. Our present camp is one of the most pleasant that we ever occupied. A short distance-from us is one of the most beautiful little rivers that I, ever beheld. Tonight our mess went down to have a sail in the canoe. The night shone resplendant by the ruddy beams of t1e moon, and was one of the most lovely that I ever beheld. The dark blue canopy above, studded with stars, unutterably bright, illuminated by a fair lunas beams, was one that would compare with the brightest skies , that ever blessed a tropical June. California celebrated for' it's illumined skies, Cuba blessed with the rays of a tropical clime, co'uld not surpass it. 'Enough., The river, Ah O'Helicon, am Ia paltry subaltern in the art "de" descriptions can I do justice, aye, even described so exalted a subject, I fear not. It would take something more / than a man of letters, aye, even a poet. This lovely stream, pearls along its transparent waters amid the towering forest like a silvery beam athwart the darken clouds, bounded by the most luxuriant of lowland'vegetation on its banks; crystal waves of most astounding transparency, all combined to render it one of nature's brightest gems, No one with a love for the works of nature could have failed to admire it. How could he pass it unobserved. Sailing over its still waters by moonlight, inhaling the 24. * ., \-

PAGE 156

) delicious fragrance of its flower covered banks listening to the gentle murmurs of the waves, the musical whistle of the still night breeze, varied by the hoarse growl of the native crocodile, and the answering call of the shrill throated whipporwill, all point out the favoring hand of nature. We sailed up this river enjoying ourselves by -playing tricks on one anothers boats. Enough. This is East River two miles from Wilmington, N. C. or at least, this is the name we hear it called. SApril 22nd. Last night we were aroused about twelve o'clock by the long roll, and we rolled out of bed much to our dissatisfaction, pulled on our clothes in a hurry, ran out and fell in ranks with guns aid accoutrements, but it proved to be a false alarm, so far as we were concerned, since we did not leave camp. But the Yankees landed Sabout eight miles below us and burned the N. C. salt works, retiring as soon as they had burned the works. Nothing new today. We catch some fish out of my beautiful river. Co. A. is sent to Charleston to guard some prisoners, captured by Gen. Hoke at Plymouth. We have just. received orders to prepare five days rations and proceed to Torboro to conduct the aforesaid prisoners, 2,500 in number, to Charleston, S. C. on their way to prison in Georgia. All getting ready, leave in half hour to take the cars at Wilmington for Goldsboro. , / April 23 to May 1st. We are again at camp, having been for the last eight days on ithe road with prisoners. We left Wilmington about dusk on the 23rd and travelled all night, reaching Goldsboro next morning about eight o'clock. Stayed here only a few moments when we ran through on the same train for Tarboro, reaching there late in the evening. I found-Tarboro to be one of the prettiest places that I ever saw, and, from appearances, seemed to be a place of wealth. Beautiful residences, surrounded Si by shady yards, bounded the principal street. The town is situated on the Tarr River, a beautiful stream, and on the whole the place presents a very favorable view'to a strangers eye. Late, about dark,_we marched thru town across the river and took up S our bivouac;on the opposite bank about one mile from town. Here we lay for two days, waiting for the Yankees to be brought up fromnPlymouth. At last they came in sight marching along, guarded by the.Halcomb Legion. ,They were well uniformed and a stout body of men, but tired and awful hungry. They offered gold rings, five dollar pieces, &c. for a little piece of bread. Cur fellows did not hesitate to trade with them, but got knives, 'pipes, rings &c for bread. The Yankees were marched into a bull pen, formed by our guard, and rations given out to them. A strong guard was mounted and .kept on all night. The next day Company A and Company F were sent off to take ( charge of a detachment of prisoners. We had 680 in numbers and marched thru town and took the cars from Tarboro. Forty prisoners and five guards being put into a box car. We were very much crowded, and such cursing (for they were'without exception the most wicked set'I ever had anything to do with) they were a very impudent set, New York and Pennsylvania troops. Real black Republican Abolitionists, we made them walk straight and soon got them to fear to disobey any orders. They were ultra in their political principals, but actually they did not know what they were fighting for. They regird Grant as Honorable and are confident of his success against Lee this summer. We have little trouble with them beyond tedious guard duty, and in, due time arrived at' Charleston where we were relieved by some other command and returned to camp glad the trip was over. S May 1st. Today is 'the Sabbath, sleep all morning to regain my lost sleep, This evening hear an excellent sermon by our Chaplain, Mr. Morse. Find a great relief S in getting something better to eat than hard crackers which we had been eating for i 25.

PAGE 157

the last eight days. .May 2nd. Nothing new in camp. Drill today, the first in a long time. May 3rd. On guard in camp today. Orders to conduct some prisoners (Deserters) to prison in Wilmington, which I did without trouble. May 4th. This morning we are,that is, Company H and F ordered to report to Wilmington for Provost Duty. We were quartered in an old brick building, formerly the town poor house. I am detailed with the men for guard. As soon as we reach quarters ordered to go to the guard house for duty. Duty heavy, but a little more life about it than usual. Attend the theater as guard, and patrol the town at night. Nothing occurred worth mentioning. May 5th. Relieved from guard this morning. Sleep all morning. Go to theater -tonight. Nothing new. May 6th. All quiet, Still on Provost duty in the city. The big fight is begun in Virginia between Lee and Grant. The enemy advancing on Fi chmord from every direction. Terrific battle going on. Great excitement prevails, except amid the soldiers ,who look on the thing as a necessary consequence, and thank their stars they are not as yet participant. But we look for orders constantly to leave for the scene of action. May 7th. The battle still progressing. No orders for us yet, nothing new. Hard up for something to eat. Living on corn meal and spoiled bacon. We have just received the lamentable news of the death of Gen. Micah Jenkins of Yorkville. He was the pride of S. C. One of her noblest sons and should be consecrated by fame as an immortal hero. I was tenderly attached to him, having been his pupil for three years at the military school of York, and he was a particular friend of the family; Just " luft home a few days ago and now, alas, he is numbered with the dead. A victim to Northern Fanatacism, for he died a glorious death at the head of his brigade on the battle field. He would soon have been Major General and, but for this untoward fate, ,would in time have reached the very pinnacle of glory. Peace be to his ashes. Calm and quiet may they rest on some vine clad hill of his own beloved Carolina until wafted away by the whispering zephyrs they reach their proper abode in a celestial clime. Godgrant it so. May 8th. On guard today, a blockader ran into this port this morning. No news from Virginia. Corn bread and water for my meals today. Two cases of small pox at hospital. May 9th. Relieved this morning from guard. All quiet today. May 10th. Col. Miller of' 12th Regiment, SCV was killed in the late battle. He was from Yorkville and a brave, courageous officer. So far we are entirely victorious in Virginia. The wires were cut by the Yankee raiders and we will get no more news until they are repaired. No news in camp. May 11th. On guard again today. Three blockaders ran into this port today and four yesterday. Patrol the town tonight. May 12th. All anxiety to hear from Virginia. Sleep today to recover that lost last night. All quiet-in camp. May 13th. Nothing new. May 14th. Received some letters from home, the first in four weeks. Very anxiour there on my account. News unimportant from Virginia. Wires are down and we can get nothing reliable. 26.

PAGE 158

May 15th Sunday. Go to church this morning at St. John's Episcopal church. May 16th. Nothing new. May i17th. On guard today, but we have just received orders to prepare four days rations to leave tonight for more stirring scenes. We will probably go to Petersburg, Virginia. May 18th. We are now at Weldon amd leave today for Petersburg. We have just heard of our glorious victories at Petersburg, and in North Virginia. Lee over Grant. 'Beauregard over Butler. May 19th. .We are now in the vicinity of Petersburg, and have heard ours and the enemy's pickets firing all day. Had a terrific battle here two days ago, a complete victory for.us. We expect to go into battle at any moment. I am now in one mile of my Grand Uncle John Avery. Gen. Lee has so far whipped old Grant. We got a'thorbugh wetting today from rain. In coming here on the train we saw the effect of the Yankee raiders on the P. & W. Railroad. Houses burned, track torn up,-dead hdrses, &c. ,Gen. Walker is now in command of our Brigade, four Regiments all together. i This evening we received orders to more to Battery No. 5, along the line of breasworks, about half mile away. We marched out there and hope to stay here awhile for it is a splendid K ..place to fight., , , May 20th. Eventful day. Last night about nine o'clock we were ordered to take up line of march immediately and report to Gen. Beauregard's headquarters, 14 miles away. We started and trudged along, :awful tired and sleepy, reaching the neighborhood of headquarters about two o'clock in the morning. Just as-we got there ours and the Yankee pickets 'were actively engaged: firing very heavily about quarter of a mile dis9) tance. We knew that stirring times were coming. We lay down in the woods and slept 'till day soundly. jAt day-break we marched out to take our position. We proceeded to a line of breast works; and took our position immediately in rear to support another line. L .,. SBATTLEOF HOWLETT'S FARM 'About ten o'clock in the morning we were ordered to march. We knew not where, but which soon proved itself to be to battle. We passed thru a little thicket of blackjack Sscrubs into an old field planted with cane, directly in rear of Mr. Howlett's house. Around the house our skirmishers and the Yankees were hotly engaged and we marched up to support them'within forty yards of the house, directly.in front of us was .our extreme line of fortifications, and about quarter of a mile distance we sawthe Yankee line. These were to be taken by us. The Minnie balls began to fall thick and fast around us, and we drew up to the line of breastworks. It soon became known along theý line that we were to charge the Yankees in our front, and many a heart quivered and fluttered with excitement, and an instinctive dread of the coming task. But the firm resolution to do or die beamed upon every countenance. We were anxious for the word to forward, for we felt that the sooner it was over the better we would feel. At' last our gallant Colonel McMaster gave the word, "Steady, Forward, Charge," and over our works we leaped, yelling like demons, charging forward at the double quick. Not a man faltered, tho many fell, and on -we rushed until we reached the enemy's works, from which we drove them by main force. They ingloriously fled and we poured a parting load into their flying and scattered ranks. Some of our men leaped the S breastworks and followed the retreating foe to some. distance, but were ordered back. S, -7. 227 .*', , ....A ..' ' , -" N " • J ..'.' .".. ..': .. ..' '; ." .. .'. , .,' ", ' ' .-' \.

PAGE 159

We now quietly lay down behind the works awaiting the enemy's attempt to regain , it. They rallied forward and with a shout rushed on toward us, but, alas, they were met with a rain of Minnies from our fellows and fell back, confused and scattered.' Again they tried, and met with a similar reception. Again, the third time, they formed a splendid line and came forward in good order, but the old 17th was awake, and farely poured in their balls on their ranks. They wavered, broke, ard fled in dismay. Once more they made a feeble attempt to drive us away, but to no purpose, and they finally concluded that discretion-was the better part of valour, and gave up their fruitless attempts, but such a rain of shells and balls as they poured'on our fellows we never have seen since they second .Battle of Manassas. We were ordered to go to work with our bayonets and throw up breastworks, which we did, but fortunately we got some spades and shovels left by the Yankees, and for awhile spade and shovel were plied as vigorously as our rifles a few minutes before, and a stout breastworks was soon in front of us. A steady fire was kept up between us until night spread her sable curtain over the field of dead. Our front was thickly bespotted with dead Yankees, but our own loss was comparatively trifling. In our company we lost Private William Martin, killed. Lieut. W. S. Moore, wounded in thigh, Robert Randall, shoulder, I. W.,Y. Dixon,, ditto, slight. Our success along the whole'line was complete and old Butler was cooped still Scloser under his gunboats. The Yankees loss was estimated at from three to four thousand. Ours about one thousand. So ended the victory of May 20th. 'a , s. "." -. / ' -o f ,. , d g. May 21st. Last night the enemy, under cover of darkness, threw up, or dug, some rifle pits :abbut three hundred yards away,a -d our boys and them have been picking at each other all day, occassionally killing or wounding one. The sun is awful hot. We have no shade, We get some haversacks, canteens &c. from the battlefield. . May 22nd.' All night our fellows keep up a constant fire and don't allow us to/ sleep a bit. The enemy have been making demonstrations on our right and left all day, but are always driven back after sharp.fighting. Awful hungry. Can get nothing today but dry corn bread and some ice that we found in an ice house. May 23rd. We changed our position last night and moved farther to the left. The Yankees discovered it and opened on us with their batteries, and for half hour such incessant firing I never heard, all to no purpose, for we sheltered ourselves by our breastworks.. No harm done, but a great deal of ammunition wasted. Very hot and no shade. May 24th. Today we lie quiet, tho our pickets keep up a constant racket. Tonight we go on picket.... May 25th. At dark last night we left the trenches for the rifle pits in front for picket. We passed half the night very quietly, but about one o'clock, the firing commenced and was pretty well kept up until daybreak. We could only fire at the flash of the enemy's guns, but two or three were killed. I did not fire often for I wanted to see more than a flash to fire at. We were relieved at daybreak and slept nearly all day in the trenches. Hear good news from Lee's Army. He has been entirely successful so far, but it is saddened by the loss of many friends killed. . May 26th. Today all is quiet so far. I hear sad news of the death on the battle field of my most intimate friend in Lee's Army, but it is not confirmed. (Allen Jones) God grant it is not so. (INSERTED) I am glad to say this is a mistake, he is unhurt. Beaureguard's whole command here in good spirits, and confident , ./ .28. N '-

PAGE 160

of success. My. boy, Henry, comes in every evening to our breastworks to bring me something to eat. I forgot to state in my account of the battle of Howlett's Farm that our Gen. W. S. Walker was wounded and taken prisoner by the enemy. He accidentally rode into the Yankee lines by mistake while going around inspecting our works,.and in attempting to escape was wounded and captured. May 27th to June ,10th. During this time I have not been able to keep my book with me, and consequently I cannot give a detailed account of each day's transactions, but will revithe whole as briefly as possible. We are still in the trenches where we have been ever since the battle of May 21st. We have shifted our position several times, but keep in the trenches. One can easily imagine our condition. Rolling in ditches of red clay, with no protection from rain or sun, and a continued series of working details and pickets. Thus it was that we passed the weary, monotonous hours of the long, long days, nothing to read, nothing to do but work, with spade or shovel, or keep a sleepy watch of picket, until aroused from S his lethargy by the loud reports of picket firing, he wakes and realizes his danger. Sleep is our only luxury and-refuge from labor, and this is coveted by all. Nearly every night we are aroused by our pickets or the enemy 's firing. They are in sixty yards of each other and the least movement to the front on either side is the signal alarm. One morning our whole picket line advanced and a heavy skirmish was the result. We capturing the enemy's rifle pits by a charge, and about two hundred prisoners with a good many fine patented Spencers Repeating Carbine, but the enemy advanced in heavy form to retake the pits and our boys were reluctantly compelled to yield them up after a stoutsresistance. Col. Dantzler of 22nd S.C.V. was killed in this charge. Our Regiment was nearly on the extreme right, and our pickets in advancing only the'left-met any Yankees. These they came upon cooking, complete-, ly surprising them. They killed five or six and took two or three prisoners, but had two men wounded in company K, Black Davidson and Alex Lockart. The right of the line where our company was advanced one mile and a half and found not a Yankee, but an awful rugged country. Since this row we have had some hot shellings, and'roar of the big guns around us, and the shrill shriek of the answering shells, formed for the time a grand, subline bout, terrible panorama. Our fare was very rough. Corn bread and bacon, and that very scanty. But we endure cheerfully, and confidently hope the time is not far off when we can realize the scenes set forth in that enchanting song, "When this cruel War is Over." We have been in the trehches now twenty days without relief and there is no telling how much longer we will stay. Lee's success is so far uninterrupted. No news from home. Mail' irregular.' Great excitemant prevailed yesterday in Petersburg, caused by the enemy s advancing on the city. It was a force of Yankee Cavalry raiders, five to six thousand strong. They were resisted by the Petersburg militia who fought them manfully, but were compelled to fall back before superior numbers. The Yankees followed and were almost entering the city when Wisos Brigade came up and drove them back, completely defeating them and saving the city. We received orders to be ready to move and expecting to have gone, but we have not yet. .June 12. All quiet. Rations scarce. Duty hard. .June 13th. Grant reported to be moving around this way, heavy cannonading heard in the distance this morning. June 14th. Still all quiet, contrary to our expectations. Rations very scarce. Nothing to eat and the duty very hard. Considerable complaining among the men, and they have good cause for complaint. 29. \ *' > -*

PAGE 161

July -14th. Today one month ago I left off my diary, and in consequence I will / have to give another detail of affairs, promiscuously, without reference to date. We remained a day or two after June 14th at Bermuda Hundreds, when it was found out that Grant had changed his base again and was moving his hoarde again to Petersburg. This caused considerable excitement and we immediately got ready to move our quarters. Soon one morning, before day, we abandoned our works, which, in one hour after we left them, were teeming with Yankees, and we marched for Petersburg, where the enemy were already knocking away our works, and had so far been successfully repulsed. As we arrived on the outskirts of town, we could hear the cannons booming forth from the works on the opposite side of, town, togetherwith the sharp crack of our rifles. We were not stopped in town a minute, not even to rest, but marched straight thru until we were in the vicinity of our works, when we were halted in a pine grove and bivouaced for the night. Here we remnained the greater part of the following day, and I found out that I was in half mile of my TlJ..' John Avery's house. My old Aunt Sallie sent us a nice smack of something to eat. The day after we got to Petersburg we marched to the breastsworks and took' our position just at Mr. Rives house, which the enemy had burned a day or two Lefore in their raid. Here we were to support a battery. , SAbout dark that evening.a terrific battle began on our left, boom after boom went from the big guns, intermingled with the most incessant rattle of musketry that I had ever heard. The Yankees were making desperate attempts to take our works, and we could hear distinctly the Yankees shout as they charged, and our boy's defiant yell in return. It was a grand panorama, and to those not engaged,,but who expected to be at any moment, it was peculiarly interesting. To add to the excitement we saw crowds of our boys beginning to fall back in our front, and when they · S came up found out that it was a battery from Macon, Georgia, which had lost its. guns. The enemy had succeeded in penetrating ourlines here and captured their guns. This was bad news, and we' confidently expected. to move forward to retake the S works, but no such order came and weremained stationary. Awhile after dark, the firing ceased and we slept the rest of the night. In the morning we marched out and took position, in the front line of works, but the works were badly constructed and enabled the enemy to flank fire the whole line so we were compelled to throw up traverses. Here they shelled us all day and killed our Adjutant, J. V. Connor, and another man of Co. A. At dark it was understood that we were to give up this line of works and fall back a, short distance and build a new line, and a more contracted one. We had been started out on picket, but were just posted when we were ordered ,, back and immediately commenced leaving the works silently and secretly. As we got out into the Jerusalem Plank Road, a sharp fight was going on around Taylor's house on top of the hill and we expected to march up to battle every moment, but we lay in the' road until nearly day when we fell back to the top of the hill this side of the branch, and marching half way between to Rives house, commenced throwing S up breastworks, so here it may be said, commenced our life in the ditches. We worked with a will, and the dawn of day found us behind good breastworks. Our pickets were still in our front, and we could hear them and the Yankees skirmishing. We continued to improve our works until we had them completed. Nothing of importance took place that day, but the morrow was the eventful day. The enemy's sharpshooters began to bother us considerably and they kept'busy putting their guns in position all day when they cpened their batteries on us, raining shot and shell and between them and the sharpshooters, we lost several men wounded. 30. S30. . C -'

PAGE 162

BATTLE OF JUNE 18TH, 1864 This evening at about five o'clock the e emy commenced massing in our front. At first. they threw out a skirmish line, but our line, under Major Betgil of 18th, charged them and ran them back. They they displayed a line a little to our right and drove in our pickets, hortly after this they threw a line of battle in the eSg of a piece of woods, and making them lie down massed four lines behind them. They they deployed another skirmish line and advanced it forward. It was at this juncture that we lost our much lamented company commander, Lieut. David I. Logan. Heeordered the men to keep down their heads for the enemy were sharpshooting fast, and in his zeal for his men, exposed himself when a stray ball struck him square in the forehead killing him instantly. He never groaned, but was dead in a minute. It threw a gloom over every countenance and cast a damper over the whole company. His bloody corpse was borne away by our ambulance men, which was the last of our lamented Lieutenant. He was an officer and a gentlemen, a man of brilliantintellect, who by his kind heart and gentle ways, had attached himself to every one of us. I can say no more, but his death was a shock so unexpected as to almost overcome my discretion. He is gone; and I trust is with his God in Heaven. Shortly after he had been born off the enemy began to make furious demonstrations in our front. In a few moments their front line appeared and came forward at double quick, followed by four other lines, seemingly bent on taking our lines, but they did not count the cost. "Fire" came the word, and our whole line was a sheet of flame. The Yankees in our line began-to dwindle down and before they had got in one hundred yards of our, works,'we turned their tune, for they broke and fled in utter dismay, followed by Sthe shouts and bullets of our victorious boys. Every now and then after the main Sbody had reached the woods a solitary Yankee would rise and make for the woods, followed by shouts of laughter from our boys. Again the Yankee officers attempted to renew the charge, acting, I must say, with considerable bravery, but forming a line as they did, still they could not prevail on the Yanks to charge us again, who , after two or three more futile attempts, desisted altogether. We had one man in our company wounded by his own gun, E. W. Bridges, finger and thumb shot off. This was our only casualty, while many a Yankee bit the dust in our front. I do not know the number of the enemy killed or wounded. Dark closed in silently, but in the night the enemy made another charge on our left, but as usual were repulsed. S The following day was passed in rest, except occassional shelling and sharp shooting. This night we were relieved by Field's Division and went back to the rear to rest and clean up for a few days. During this time I was elected Brevit Second Lieutenant in our company. We lived remarkably well on vegetables that we could procure at-reduced prices.. We stayed back here five days when we again went into the trenches. But in the mean time, we had been engaged in a flank movement under General Matrone succeeded in capturing about 3000 prisoners, two lines of breast works, eight pieces of artillery, with several stands of colors and small arms. We were ordered to support Gen Matrone's Division and only a part of our Brigade was actively engaged. We went out in front of our breastworks, and lay in supporting distance of Matrone all night, until about daybreak, when we returned to our works perfectly satisfied. On the following day we went out there again, but this time to throw up breast works, which we did, and with the usual luck of our brigade, marched away at dark, coming back to our old line, took position about the center S, 31.

PAGE 163

of the line, where we found the Yankee line of works in about 200 yards of ours, K and a continual sharpshooting was going on all the time, we were in a stone's throw of one another, and thus we have been now for 21 days. We'lie here day after day sharpshooting with the enemy. If you stuck your head above the breastworks a minute ,a dozen balls would penetrate it and we lost several men, killed and wounded, in the regiment. We had no shelter from the sun, rolling in the clay of the ditches, we were as dirty as hogs, and awfully lousy, -Oh ye pattzrs of nicety, Oh ye Broadway Dandies, Oh ye Brussels Carpet Patriots, what do ye think of this ? Think of a great big louse, preying with greedy touch on your fastidious limbs, -think of this -and ask yourselves if you could be a soldier and Zbandon your band-box proclivities .for love of country. We stayed in these works now 17 days without relief, worn out, tired, dirty and sleepy, During this time we had one false alarm, and a great deal of useless firing and nothing else of importance, tho we were-kept constantly on the lookout for mortor shells which were dropped among us every now and then, sometimes killing and ' wounding several. During this time we had F. Moore wounded in the arm, J. J. C lark ' killed by a sharpshooter, and-J. J. Garoin wounded dangerously in the mouth. We were then relieved for two days, but are now in the works again, when I write this, July S14,, 186.4.SJuly 15th. All quiet along the lines, except continual sharpshooting and mortar shelling. Nobody hurt in. the Regiment. Early in Maryland and created a great disturbance in Yankeedom. Awful hot and dusty in the ditches. ,, SJuly 16th. Nothing unusual, Shaipshooting still going on. One man of, Company D' Skilled by sharpshooters, Wm. Ritchey. On one else hurt. Rumors are rife, but nothing reliable. See no prospects of relief, Rations very scarce, ad men allanxious for a Scharge. ' July, 17th. React again the monotonous scenes of yesterday. Another man,of Company D killed, Joe Armstrong. It is Sunday and contrary to their usual mode of acting,the Yankees are rather quiet, only threw a few mortar shells in the' ditches. July 18th. A mortar shell fell in the dtiches this morning causing some tall skeedadling, but fortunately did not burst. Very anxious to hear from Early in Yankcedom. Cannot hear a word of news. Another man wounded in the regiment this morning. The Yankees keep balls continually flying over our heads," and no man can expose his head a minute above the breastworks without being struck, and most probably killed. We have had no rain in two months, and the dust is stifling. ,Living on corn bread and bacon, with cow peas occassionally. Will not be apt to get anything better this summer. Here is General D. H. Hill just passing by inspecting the works, a stern looking old warrier in full uniform., Brigadiers and Colonels are as thick as blackberries and hardly arouse attention, they are so common. SJuly 19th. Today a change. long looked for, but very unpleasant, to the weather worn soldier, took place. The clouds were overspread by a gloomy pall, the atmosi phere became dull and sultry, and at length the flood gates of Heaven were. dpened, . Sand rain, rain, descended in torrents, as if venting its long pent up rage on" our !devoted heads. Blankets, tent clothes, oil cloths &c. were greatly in demand, and everyone was busy amid the pelting storm fixing up'a shelter. But the wetting was the least of our inconveniences. Remember, we are in ditches of red clay, and as the rain mixed with the sticky clay, mud became the consequence. It rained all day and by evening the mud was actually in places knee deep, and if we moved at all we were compelled to walk in mud ankle deep every step. It was truly an inviting prospect, (knowing that if the mud became waist deep we would have to stay here.) "32. .1*" i. * ''* *, .'** *

PAGE 164

Imagine our appearance, clad in all the beauty of our clay colored habitiments, sheltering under the kindly protection of a diminutive oil-cloth from the pelting Srain, and standing with stoic composure knee deep in mud and water, but it is all "Pur Palaria," and you would be surprised to hear peals of laughter at the unfortunate fall of some clumsy individual, and the jokes cracked with all the jobial mirth of better days. Gradually the rain ceased and the men, ever ready for improvement, began to remove the muddy clay'until he came to more stable-ground. " Thus we passed the day. Nothing occurred to excite attention, and the night closed in all quiet. Early is now safe out of Maryland after having frightened old Abe to death, captured an immense amount of plunder, horses, cattle &c. whipped the enemy in a pitched battle at Monocacy, and accomplished the greatest raid on record. I was in hopes his designs were against Washington or Baltimore, but it seemed not. Grant is still in our front and keeps up a liberal display of men and , wagons. The enemy throw a few more shells but to no effect. Nobody hurt in the Regiment today. Received a letter from home today with some much needed funds, $150.00. July 20th. A few mortar shells were thrown into our lines this morning but no harm done. The usual sharpshooting going on. It is feared the enemy are tunneling under our lines, and as right in our front is the most favorable spot for such works and as a battery is also here, we are preparing for such a device by digging a tunnel all along the whole face of .the battery to meet theres if they have any. Not quite Sso muddy today, but warm and sultry. July 21st. Today I got leave to visit the city of Petersburg and found it a great luxury to get in the rear for a short time to clean up and get a good dinner. Nothing new occurred in the trenches today. . July 22nd. Very warm and sunny. The enemy threw a good many mortar shells at us this morning but hurt no one. Sharpshooters still at work. July 23rd. Last night we were relieved to rest for a day or two and retired about one mile in rear of the works. Today I am on guard so I get but little rest. Good news from Georgia. Sherman thoroughly whipped by Hood. July 25th. All quiet. Go back to the ditches tonight. S, (His last entry.) 33. T. o ' ' ?

PAGE 165

Samuel Catawba Lowry was killed July 30th, 1864 at Petersburg, Va. during the Battle of the Crater. The engagement that followed .the explosion lasted all day Sand Sam fell four or five hours after the mine was sprung while leading and spurring his men on to action. He was acting Captain,.his higher officers having been . either killed or wounded at the time. Thus, at the tender age of nineteen and one half years, with that lofty courage and absolute absence of fear and disregard 6f. self, he laid down his life for his beloved south and for the cause he had defended with such devotion and loyalty. His diary is a continuous record of his war experiences up to five days before his death. It is a' marvel of literary style for so young a boy, and how it was kept at all under the hardships of the camp life, constant shifting back and forth on long marches, thru skirmishes and battles down in the ditches, and, above all, that it should have been rescued after the battle and brought back with his remains, is a wonder almost incredible, -if the diary itself did not testify to its truth. \ The poems, essays, &c. attached were written by him-duringthe period of war Sand are evidences of a versatile and splendid mentality, a budding genius, whom, if he had been spared, would have illumined the fields of literature and poetry. His faithful servant, HenryAvery, a young negro boy, found his bodyafter the battle and performed the almost miraculous feat (in those days of slow transit and .'general confusion) of getting thru the lines and bringing his master's remains back to his old home in Yorkville, S. C. where he was buried from the Episcopal Church ' in the family burying ground. , , I On the day that Sam's body arrived the family was accompanied to the depot by 'a beautiful dog named Major that had belonged to and been a beloved pet of his. The dog seemed to sense the tragedy and showed-every evidence of grief and understanding. The next morning the dog was found dead before the-door of the room where his master's body had lain for the night.' , /s/ Willie M. Lowry (Mrs. Sumter L. ) 34.

PAGE 166

POLL OF COMPANY, OF WHICH S. CATAWBA LOWRY WAS A MEMBER: MAY 7TH, 1864 Capt. J. W. Avery. 1st Lieut. D. I. Logan, Killed June 18th 2nd Lieut. W. S. Moore, Wounded May 20th Jr. 2nd' Guntharp, 1st Sgt. William Dunovant, Promoted Capt. .Co. C. 2nd Sgt. P. Martin, Discharged 3rd Sgt. G. W. Moore, 4th Sgt. W. H. Mitchell, 5th Sgt. F. Happerfield Exchanged to H Legion Cavalry 1st Corp. E. J. Downy, 1st Corp. L. M. Hope, Died 1st Corp. J. G. Latham. 1st Corp. S. C. Lowry, Lieut. Pvt 2nd Pvt. A. Behlezr " H. Behler, SW. T. Behler, ." Noah Bias, " E. H. Bridges , Wounded June 18th S" " F. H. B ridge / " John Caldwell,J. W. Caldwell, S" R. P. Caldwell, " W. M. Caldwell,, " : Thomas Carroll, ' -W. Carroll,. Exchanged R. L. Caveny, " ]J. L. Clark, " J. B. Collins, " G. A. Craig, "" D. A. Currence, " M. Derrer, " I. W. Dickson, / S" Acy Dover, , S F. Dover, . S D. Dover, " ^ J. W. Downy, " E. I. Feemster, SI. J. Garvin , Wounded July 10th " Jerry Green, " W. A. Hays, "T. S. Hughes, " S. W. Jackson, " A. S. Jefferys, S J. C. Kirkpatrick, " James Martin " William Martin, Killed in battle May 20th "B. F. L. Massey Corp. S35. 35. ··~· ···:,.

PAGE 167

--jL \ Pvt. R. H. Mitchell, .. " Farmer Moore, Wounded July S G" G. M. Moore, " J. W. Moore, " ' G. A. Morehouse, " W. V. Moss, " W. R. Murphy "R. Mulholland, "J. L. Parker, " R. G. Parker, ' " James Plaxico, " 'J. L. Plaxico , " fJ. A. Pollard, --" .R. S. Randall ,. S." ' , W. L. Randall, " i,„ , "I R. F. Roberts,; , , "" Samuel Roberts, "Joseph Seapoch, " t J " Phil Seapoch, -I S. ' W. E. Sherer, ' " Hugh Sherer," Sounded . So, " , *' .R; S. Stewart, , , " J. W. Swezy, Exchanged " T. S. Tippings, Corp. " ' J. P. Turner, ." G. W; White, ' " W. R. Whitesides, Corp, S'R. J. Withers, \ S J. J. Clark, Killed July 2nd, 1864 " ~, N. Seapoch, /' * ,3. .. 36. F-. /. . , '* .s • ,".' ., * ,\ ", , ,' .

PAGE 168

PROSE COMPOSITION BY S. CATAWBA LOWRY ; CO. "F" 17TH REG'T. S.C.V. CAMP AT GREEN POND MARCH 6 1864 THE RIGHT OF THE SOUTH TO SECEDE FROM THE NORTH -' In the progress of time one's mind, altho it may be unskilled, and untutored, in the various wilds of philosophy or, of a calculating but mysterious philanthrophy, naturally enbraces, with eagerness, and contemplates with patriotic fervor the all important topic of interest, then agitated by not only politicians and statesmen, but by the public voice at large, the subject I have taken is one of more than ordinary importance. It involves, not the idle strife of demagogues, not the futile threats of foreign tyrants, but it involves the fate, the inevitable fate, of a Nation. Yes, it'is a Natinnal question. The timehonored halls of Congress not only reechoes the furious debate, but the balmy Southern air grows hot with exciting dis-cussion. .It is strange that such should be the case when the fate of eight millions ,of whites depends-on its decision. 'No, -Humanity answers NO. It is now scarce a century since the thirteen original States of the Union thought of casting their lot in one common vessel, of enlisting under one common flag, in view of establishing one common Government. Let us review the process of organization. The thirteen colonial states did not unanimously nor entirely consent to a federation alliance, and it required all theenergy and eloquence of such men as Washington, Franklin, Hancock and others to decide the equivocal colonies, but the bend of union finally was sealed. ' But was this alliance unconditional ? Was this a Monarchial or hereditary alliance ? Was this a Universal, homogenious compact, or was it not the will, the accepted agreement of independent Sovereign States. Let him 'who has read and understood the fundamental constitution, formed by our virtuous progenitors answer Sthis. If I understand aright that compact, that union of power, destroyed not the right of State Sovereignity; .it did not inculcate as necessary the destruction of State Governments, State Laws, ,State.Boundaries, &c. but only required a mutual support, a mutual contribution, from those several States to support the common Government. Of course, thisrcommon government was supreme, as long as justice and equality were equally distributed. It provided for the National defense, the National Subsistence, and was bound to protect the National and State rights from' imposition and injustice. It had a fundamental constitution to go by, and beyond that was forbidden ground. It is useless for me to go through the minute details of the constitution; it is too well understood and has been expounded to the entire satisfaction of the public by wiser heads than mine, and the point I wish to prove, the Right of State Sovereignity, has been universally admitted. The next point is, how far does that right extend, and what is that right ? The right of State Sovereignity is a right legitimately decreed by a judicial assembly of legislators. It is a right internally powerful within the State as far as it does not come in antagonism with the constitution of the common government. It is a right -37. AY ., \ '' .' ' *-'*.~ ^ -*

PAGE 169

internally valid, but externally no. It is a kind of sub jurisdiction subdivided to the common government, only as far as the established constitution, and pressing National necessity required. It is a right formed by the free will of the people, with a knowing sanction of the constitution, and consequently legal. Moreover, it is a right universally recognized by foreign governments, and until now undisputed by our--"precocious" bretheren; otherwise, why are we called the United States of America ? Why are we defined by the most'ardent partisans of unity, not as a '"League of undisputed Sovereignties." Why did our noble forefathers reject with haughty disdain the "Sy mbol of-Nationality," by refusing a National-name ? Why were not State boundaries, State laws, State Governments, abolished ? And we emerged in one 'common State ? With the same institutions, the same laws as England or France, and we became from the frigid lakes and ice clad hills of Labrador to the tropical Gulf'of Mexico, one Homogenuous Republic, Empire or Kingdom, as the people might desire, . These and a host of other well founded reasons might be givenin support of any Sargument. Knowing then these reasons, is it any longer doubtful on which side is right. Has not the south then by the simple right of State Sovereignity a perfect, undisputable right to secede from the Union ? When its dearest priviLeges, its sa/cred functions, are compromised ? When its total agrandisement is sought for as a means of remuneration to the North. Where an abolition congress by means of a S"Majority of Votes" can pass laws and enact proclamations detrimental to the interest, welfare and safety of the south. 'Where the emancipation of slaves and destruction of African bondage is one of their principal aims. And when the debasement of their more noble southern brothers is most ardently desired, These inevitable and (by the Yankees) expressed consequences loom up before our view like.a blackening cloud dimmed in the distance, but gradually assuming proportions awful 'in their magnitude until skepticism itself has ceased to wonder and man is appalled by the warded calamity for a season,, but rouses from his spathy and binds every energy to ward off the fatal result. Is, the so called rebellion of the south then .any longer a wonder ? Is it in the law of nature to'submit to unjust oppression ? No, -the vilest reptile that crawls the earth scorns such indignities. WWE, We must Srise, -must rise and drive back the tide of oppression, br be swept with irresistible -force to an ocean of misery or dwell forever in a hateful servitude buried beneath the stormy billows of a joyless inglorious oblivion. The past will be no longer remembered and these scenes of terrestrial bliss, of unalloyed freedom, or glorious deeds,. will either be baptised with the oblivious waters of Lethe, or remain forever as puzzling a problem as the "Marble Hieroglyphics in the Halls of Carnah". But beforei ' proceeding farther in this strain allow me to bring forward another and conclusive . argument to the support of my subject. The Union as it was, was formed by the free will of the people. Now,some of these States see that-justice is not equally distributed to them with their-brother States. They imagine that wrong has been done " them and they are not disposed to submit to injustice and resolve to-break an alliance frairght with injury to their interest and welfare by renouncing the benefits as well Sas the dangers of the former union and falling back on their State Sovereignity, establish entirely an independent Government. The remaining States forbid this obvious right and endeavor by force of arms to restore a union formed by .the free will of the people. They raise Navies, levy troops, and hire mercenaries to endeavor to accomplish by "Vis Armee" what they cannot be "Lex Talionis". Is it not plain on: which side right is ? Can you any longer doubt the legality as well as justice of the , south's proceedings ? ' 38. \\ ' .~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ "· ·' >" .'* !* !' ..-.

PAGE 170

S In Republics it has been said, with truth, that it is the "Vox Populi" that rules, I) not the "Vox Regi", and from this the doctrine that minorities should acquiece to , majorities,' "This is a fact indisputable in a compact -"Homogeneous state" with only one common government and one common state. But can it hold true in a league of several smaller republics joined together by common consent for common Sprotection ? Should the northern states be allowed to carry everything before them because they have the majority of voters ? If so, they could vote out the existence of the south; they could destroy every southern institution, and at last as a "manificent finale" assume the entire reins of a government ? This would S be serving the seeds of a most tyrannical obligarchy. It would be a stepping stone to tyranny by the means of which every remaining particle of former freedom S would be erased, and we would remain the foot-stool of norther malignity. Enough then has been said to establish my point, Necessity itself compels our S proceedings and now the Pubicon has been crossed. The die is cast; and an impossible barrier intervenes between the once friendly bretheren. For three years now the struggle between Northern fanatacism and Southern spirit has been going on. On ,the part of the the north it is war of aggression, a war of oppression, and a war for possession, but in the south it is a struggle for freedom for all that is dear S to the heart for our homes; our altars and firesides; and very existence itself. The vandal foe is the hireling invader and prosecutes with a mercenary spirit, a war of injustice and debasement. From the steep banks of the Potomac to the far flowing Ro6Grande; for the marshy swamps of Florida to the grass covered plains of Missouri;ffrom east to west; from north to south;.the hated foe encircle us; the roar of hostile cannon is born far on the' still night breeze and rouses the fierce ire; the determined courage'of every native souther; every, battle field has proved but too truly to the enemy 'the invincible spirit of resistance and has fairly demonstrated that equivocal question that Southern courage can meet with success; northern duplicity and treachery. The battles fought on the soil of the old Dominion as well as those'fought in other states prove but too truly this fact. Is there then a cause to despair ? Are we not as resolute as at the beginning ? Have we not proved our ability to defend our rights on many a well contested battle ground ? And what we have done, can we not do over ? .. Let every man do his duty and warrant me, all.will be well. It is not sufficient that the soldier alone should do his duty, no -the farmers, the exempts, the manufacturers, all must add his might to the common subsistence. Let the cadaverous speculator be abolished. Let him be hooted at as the destroyer of his country; let the skulker be forced from his hiding hole and compelled to do at least a servile duty; let the deserter-meet his just reward at the end of a hemnpen tether, and mark, the effect will be electrical. It will encourage those nobly striving to do their duty in the field to increased exertions and resucitate at least the vital spark of freedom. Look back thru the dark vista of past ages and review the history of Republics and nations. Has it ever been known that a Nation numbering as many men, possessing as wide an extent of territory, and fighting for as just a cause as the south has to be subjugated. No. Such never has, nor never will be, the case, where a nation of spirit and courage is concerned. Our cause stands then before us in at least a hoteful light; true, the enemy have succeeded in overrunning part of our territory, but is that a cause of despair. No. It should only be a new stimulant to our efforts, and should nerve our arms to strike with redoubled energy every blow for freedom. Our forefathers did not despair when overrun by Britain's 39. -. "* ."Q \"" ' ', *

PAGE 171

troops, but increased their efforts until an all wise God crowned their arms with deserved success. Have we then so degenerated in spirit, in courage, in perserverance, as to despair at such prospects ? Has the blood of our ancestors become so extinct in our veins. No. God prevent it. We can at least imitate their example and make a concerted, a glorious stroke for freedom and the unflinching will of a just Providence will award success to the righteous cause. S. C. Lowry, Co. F, 17th S.C.V. EULOGY ON GENERAL STONEWALL JACKSON, S.C.V. "Death who knocks with an equal hand at the cottage door and the palace gate has been busy at her appointed work. Morning prevails throughout the land, weeping and wailing testify the fall of the lamented dead." -A shadow of gloom rests on every countenance. The whole land is enwrapped in/a m'antle of grief and sorrow. And for whom ? Go ask the soldier lamenting for his commander; go ast the country mourning her favored son; and mark the answer, -"A hero has fallen." The friend of the people, the protector of liberty, and the hero of chivalry has ceased to live. Freedom shrieks louder than she did at Koskinko's fall, for the defeated dead. "The young eagle of the Confederacy, yet unfledged, who so often soared aloft, bearing victory in his, talons, has at last yielded to the grim grip of death." That noble ship whose pinnon' so often streamed above the battle's roar, and the tempest raged, has at last gone downbeneath the still and quiet waters. Well, Oh Death, mayest thou exhault in victory. Well, mayest thou calim the victim, for never have your icy fingers seized a nobler prey; never before hast thou caused such universal gloom to be spread on a land. We lament for Jackson; we grieve for the Southern hero; we lament for him who so often led our armies to victory and glory. The great, the good, the benevolent, .he became the adopted son of Liberty, and competition fled from him as from a glance of destiny. He, like-Napoleon, "Knew no motto but success, he acknowledged no alternative but freedom; he wor( shipped at no shrine but that of the all powerful, all merciful Creator."' He acknowledged no devotion but his country and his God, and like a true-hearted. Christian, gloried in his creed. Need I give an account of his exploits ? Are they not familiar to every Southerner; are they not recorded in indellible 'characters on the glowing shrine of fame and consecrated in memories, fondest recollections ? ay sirs, it is needless. His memories, fondest recollections ? ay sirs, it is needless. His exploits are stamped deep into the heart of every Southerner and need no commendation to increase their glory. He stands on an unapproached eminence, distinguished almost beyond humanity for deliberate courage, cool self-control, remarkable foresight, grand ingenuity, in fine, all the requisites of a great general and a true patriot. 'The "Public Career of this distinguished Patriot may be described as one triumphant march thru life, neither faltering nor stumbling in ascending to the place of his ambition." "Although not an orator, he could command an influence that mere oratory never wielded. He knew how to inspire his men with confiden cein himself and trust in his judgement. He added to the aid of a sound judgement the wisdom of deep calculation and decisive forethought. He was that firey comet shooting wildly through the realms of space, ravaging with fire and s'word the ranks of an oppressing enemy. He was that firm rock against which the waves of 40.

PAGE 172

a turbulent sea rush in vain, striving to demolish. Peaceful in his disposition, kind to his friends, affectionate to his family, forgiving to his enemies, he conciliated the regard of both good and bad, and wore with equal grace the conquerors wreath and the citizens gown." "At a time when the Sun of Liberty had nearly set in the gloom of an eternal night beneath the Western horizon, when the noble land was overspread with anxiety and doubt, Jackson arose, and with the magic sway so peculiar to great men --\ ---------------S country ------eneny through the romantic valleys S of Virginia. Behold him and his time worn warriors as they mount the rugged steen, anid cloud capped mountains. Behold him as he rushed with undaunted bravery upon the very ramparts of tyranny and snatches victory from the hand of a rejoicing conqueror and then, -then see the value of the lamented dead. He is gone, but we trust to reap Celestial rewards for his earthly deeds. "Peace be to his ashes. Calmand quiet may they rest on some vine-clad hill of his own beloved Virginia and let no cunning statue, no marble slab, deface with its mock dignity the Patriot's grave, but rather let the unpruned vine, the uncaged bird, all that speaks of freedom ahd happiness, decorate a hero's tomb. He needs no monument, no glittering mausoleum, to perpetuate'his fame. His name is engraved on the hearts of men, his fame on the pages 6f history. " SComposed by S. Catawba Lowry \ : ./ " ..' ' ' ' ' ' N" AR E,.WE. REBELS ?" N o, -We deny the statement: It is a slander as false as the foul originators 'themselves. -The statistics of our history, the records of the past, and the untram-S meled spirit of our people all disavow and hurl back the foul calumniation to its unprincipled instigators. One would think that I am, as some are, inveterate opposers of rebellion in and on every occassion, Far from it. No, -I am an advocate' of rebellion.7 When a; national people are immaculated and weighed down by a tyrant's sceptre, when kingdoms, empires and republics are deprived of their just rights by an unjust execution of supreme authority, then it is time for an intelligent and independent people to usurp the rights justly their own. It is in the law of human S nature, Ay, -even of nature in its most degraded condition, to submit to unjust persecution. The vilest reptile that crawls the earth abhors the idea. Human nature revolts at such degredation. Degredation that grows with a Nation's prosperity and remains an illegitimate curse to posterity. William Wallace,Scotland's immortal hero, rebelled not without a just cause, but because a tyrant usurped his native rights .Charles II of England vindicated his country's honor and obtained his lawful diadim by a just and successful rebellion. Tiber's patriotic Brutus yielded up his life in just and well founded rebellion while Rome's heroic gladiator -came near snatching the unmerciful hero from his glittering throne by a just, 'rebellion. History abounds with numerous instances of well warranted rebellion, but,-on the other hand there are instances on the contrary side where a nation or a concourse of people were incited to rebellion by the cunning speech or ambitious S.individuals or by fancied ill treatment and numerous other causes. These are unlawful, unjust, inhuman rebellions and are sure to end in an ignominous downfall. But enough of this. S1. .! .41.

PAGE 173

( To return. We of the south are not rebels in this war, but we are recognized . belligerents. We are a nation contending in lawful strife with another nation for rights unjustly usurped by the authority of that nation. By S. C. Lowry FLIRTATION -By_ S. C. L.I once knew a beautiful girl I'll make a plain narration .I She had a name I will not call But the devil for flirtation.Her amazing beauty would mislead Any susceptible-lad .For her charms were of that kind To run a fellow mad. ' Gently, softly she draws the chain -Around her captive prey And gently ties the catching knot Without a great display. She teaches him to look on high '-And grasp-the shining, stars And to contemplate a happiness' '" SThat misfortune only mars. S Imagination completes the scene , -This teasing flirt has formed And, delightful hope obtains the place Which beauty had adorned. S., But alas for him who trusts in her His happy castles fall, And he is left but to lament And curse the ladies, all. S. Catawba Lowry. S· August 9th, 1862. 4 2 " ' '42. .V * ** -'

PAGE 174

"THE MARCH" by S. C. L. 1ST VERSE The weary soldier plods his way Along the dusty road And thinks of those so far away In lands of east abroad. 2ND VERSE He thinks of that sequestered spot Where once inpeace he played The shady grove, the lovely cot Where Nature's debt he paid. 3RD VERSE And fondly recalls these scenes of bliss That blest his infant years When soothed by mother's loving kiss He buried all his fears. 4TH VERSE SBut time goes on, and troubles come SHis years are full and free And he has left that pleasant home .To fight for Liberty. ' 5TH VERSE -Oft beneath the sultry sun Of some autumnal day , 'He toiled along with belt and gun. S -And thought how long the way. 6TH VERSE Oft again, with quivering steps, S He totters on his path But sternly forward, still he creeps, Indignant with his wrath. 7TH VERSE No marshal strains awake the wood No music goes ahead. Nothing but the Captain's word And the soldier's steady tread. 8TH VERSE But hopeful still they struggle on Determined to be free Or reveal the Hero Marmion And die for Liberty. CLEON. S 43. -., , .' , .. "

PAGE 175

POLAND. -By S. C. LOWRY. On Vestula's banks a mournful sound Is borne on the still night breeze And the Warrior Pole, leaps up with a bound To battle stern fate's decrees. He sees the Russian Vandal host In glittering line deploy He grasps his blade, and stands his post Determined to destroy. Revenge ! -Fierce, fearful grows his face And eager he seeks his foe, The invader, the Scourge of his race In increasing numbers grow. Is it with weak and feeble cry He shouts the battle charge ? No ! His shout is the beacon of victory Or death's sad mournful dirge. Oh Poland ! My Country; My all, _ Is this thy mournful doom, Must we before a-Russian fall " and beg a Russian boon ? Yon silvery heights,cnce proud and fair In grandeur truly grand .... Must they too, with foul despair Bedeck a vanquished land ? Yon pearly stream once slowly rolled Its whispering, joyful tide, but now, Alas ! By foes patrolled, ' Oh! Whatdoes this betide ? The gloomy Baltic once stretched forth To grasp Vistula's banks SFrom East to West, from South to North Enclosed her Marshalled ranks. Koskinsko once graced this land And the great Sobuska's race Can it be that now she stands, Overwhel.ned with disgrace ? ' .. But reader stop! Before ,you place That lasting signal seal, Consider first this foul disgrace Was wrought by Russian steel. The bonfire blaze, The reeking walls i Bespeak the Russian Foe Yet Poland stands and grimly calls defiance to his foes. Defiant may she ever he " May victory be her lot, But death to all eternity Be Russia's fatal lot. Oh, thou the God of War preside, And, guard the Polish Spears 'And grant that peace may yet betide' To drown her suffering tears. Bonega. 44. I.!

PAGE 176

SPOETRY BY S.C.L. ON OUR GENERALS Ye Southrons look up and see ( Your glittering phalanx stand Its ranks are thin, but stern and free As any Marshalled band. In front is our noble Lee And valorous Beauregard, The one the soul of Liberty The other our safe guard. And there is cautious Bragg too, And Longstreet, bold and free With E well e,ver firm and true Defenders of-the Free Lo! Johnston stands amid the first With Hood and A. P. Hill Who are, by every Yankee curse For the sake of Gaine's Mill. We have not.finished with,them all, For there's Smith's to double twice And Major General John McCall To mate with Sterling Price. Dick Taylor yet remains there still iAnd Breckenridge in turn, S'Besides General D.TH. Hill SAnd fighting Pat Clayburne. iOur country looks with candor on With unimpassioned eyes At Polk, Stuart and VanDorn And Virginia's noble wises There is Hampton yet to name And Loring Buckner Hall, SWho rank high on the roll of fame May they never fall. The chiralrous Morgan with his troop Has received a meed of praise And Forrest, Wheeler, Whorton too Are sung in minstrels lays. Our cause is yet upheld By Pickett, Kemper, Lee, With Jenkins yet to weld The bond of Liberty. There is Early and the gallant Law With Evans immortal few, Hindman, French come up -to Law And show ybur vigor too. Walker still, and Marmaduke Are amid the favored few With Magruder to rebuke The Yankee hirling crew. 45. S· : I :h

PAGE 177

POETRY BY S.C.L. ON OUR GENERALS (Continued) My list is full but others still Deserve a Nation's thanks, Tho by my memory forgotten Is our Arm y's Marshalled ranks. The Private soldier above all Deserves a Country's praise; Their fame will stand and never fall . -Until eternity decays. By -S. Catawba Lowry -MIY .1 " *" ' " -e * " ' ....' " MAGGIE BY MYSIDEA SONG. S. G S1ST VERSE The land of my home is flitting, flitting from my view, A sail in the gale is sitting, toils the merry crew. Here let my, home be on the waters wide, , I'll roam with a proud heart, Maggie's by my side. CHORUS .... -, My own loved Maggie dear, i~ ,-, Sitting by my side " Maggie dear, my own love Sitting by my side.. 2ND VERSE The wind howling o'er the billow, from the distant lea . The storm raging-around my pillow, brings no care to me, Roll on ye dark waves o'er the troubled, tide,. J I need not your anger, Maggie's. by my side. 3RD VERSE -Storms can apall me never while her brow is clear Fair.weather lingers ever where lirsmiles appear, When sorrow's breakers round myL heart shall hide SStill may I find her sitting by my side. SS. Catawba Lowry. 46, S. -: ' ..· ·, ; ' 7 a---