Jacksonville courier

Material Information

Jacksonville courier
Uniform Title:
Jacksonville courier (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville East Fla
L. Currier & Co.
Creation Date:
December 24, 1835
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ; 45-68 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926.:
Ceased in 1838.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
General Note:
Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
General Note:
Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
002025285 ( ALEPH )
09263722 ( OCLC )
AKL2850 ( NOTIS )
sn 82016251 ( LCCN )

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TwRMs-$4 per year, payable half year
in advance.-Single papers 12 cents.
SAdvertisements inserted, and contract
made for yearly advertising, on reasonabt
terms. No advertisement will be inserted
unless paid for in advance.
All communications by mail may be ad
-dressed to L. CURIERt, Publisher of the Coa
rier,-postage in all cases, to be paid.
'pring Orow-J. Garrison, Esq P.M. /
fanrin--E. A. Cohen, Esq.P. M.
St. Mary's-A. Doolittle, Esq. P.-.
Savannah-S. Philbrick, Esq.,
Macon-Edmund Russell.
The field was damp with lirpid dews,
SWhere fair Maria stray'd;
And sought an unoffending rose,
That wanton'd pn the glade:
But while she tore it from the waste,
Her bosom to adorn,
The rose repror'd her cruel haste,
And pierc'd her with a' Thorn.

He thinks her pure as sunless dews,
Which grace the verdant lawn,
He thinks to seize a fragrant rose,
But grasps a venom'd Thorn.
There is a star no gloom can shroud-
A hope n .woe can sever-
A ray that through the darkest cloud

Saiines smilingly forever.
'When nature spreads the shades of nig .g 7
With scarce one hope of morrow,.
'That star shall shed serenest light,
To gild the tear of sorrow.
When melancholy's silent gloom
SEnshrouds the heart with sadness,
That ray will issue from the tomb,
To fill the breast with gladness.
Then humble Christian, fearless go,
Though darkest woes assail thee;
Though dangers press and troubles flow,
This hope shall never fail thee.
c i-EDIUCATION.-A better safeguard for liberty
han a standing army.






The views taken by hb received my ap-
probation, the French Government was t
satisfied, and the negotiation was continu- t
ed. It terminated in tOe treaty of July 4, e
1831, recognizing the jttice of our claims, (
in part, and promising payment to the (
amount of twenty-five millions of frances, I
in six annual instalment. t
The ratifications of tis treaty were ex- I
changed at Washingtoion the 2d of Feb- t
ruary, 1832, and in fiv days thereafter it t
was laid before Congres who immediate- I
ly passed the acts neces ary, on our part,
to secure to France the commercial advan- I
tages conceded to her ig t compact. The t
treaty had previously ieen solemnly ratifi- I
ed by the King of th/e'French, in terms t
which are certainly net mere matters of
form and of which the tanslatioL is as fol-
lows: We, approving the above conven-
tion, in all and each of the dispositions
which are contained in it, do declare, by
ourselves, as well as by our heirs and suc-
cessors, that it is accepted, approved, rati-
fied, and confirmed; and by these presents,
signed by our hand, we do accept, approve,
ratify, and confirm it; promising, on the
faith and word of a King, to observe it, and
to cause it to be observed inviolably, with-
out ever contravening it, or suffering it to
be contravened, directly or indirectly, for
any cause, or under any pretence whatso-
Official information of the exchange of
ratifications of the United States reached
Paris whilst the Chambers was in session.
The extraordinary, and to use injurious,
delays of the French Government, in their
action upon the subject of its fulfilment,
have been heretofore stated to Congress,
and I have no disposition to enlarge upon
them here. It is sufficient to observe that
the then pending session was allowed to
expire without even an effort to obtain the
necessary appropriations; that the two strc-
ceeding ones were also ,suffered to pass
away without any thing like a serious at-
tempt to obtain a decision upon the sub-
ject ; and that it was not until the fourth
session, almost three years after the conclu-
sion of the treaty, and more than two years
after the exchange of ratifications, that the
bill for the execution of the treaty was
passed to a vote and rejected
In the meah time the government of the
United States, having full confidence that a
treaty entered into and so solemnly ratifi-
ed by the French King, would be executed
in good faith, and not doubting that pro-
vision would be made for the payment of
the first instalment, which !was to become
due on the second day of February, 1833,
negotiated a draft for the amount through
the Bank of the United States. When this
draft was presented by the holder, with the
credentials required by the treaty to au-
thorize him to receive the money, the gov-
ernment of France allowed it to be protest-
ed. In addition to the injury in thpe non-
payment of the money by France, con-
formably to her engagement, the United
States were exposed to a heavy claim on
the part of the Bank, under pretence of
damages, in satisfaction of which that in-
stitution seized upon, and still retains, an
equal amount of the public monies. Con-
gress was in 'session when the decision of
the Chambers reached Washington; and
an immediate communication of this appa-
rently final decision of Frarce, not to ful-
fil the stipulations of the treaty, was the
course naturally to be expected from the
President. The deep tone of dissatisfac-
tion which pervaded the public mind, and
the correspondent excitement produced in
Congress by only a general knowledge of
the result, rendered it more than probable,
that a resort to immediate measures of re-
dress would be the consequence of calling
the attention of that body to the subject.-
Sincerely desirous of preserving the pacif-
ic relations which had so long existed be-
tween the two countries, I was anxious to
avoid this course, if I couM be satisfied
that by doing so, neither the interest nor
the honor of my country would be compro-
mitted. Without the fullest assurances

upon that point, I could not hope to ac-
quit myself of the responsibility to be in-
curred, in suffering Congress to adjourn
without laying the subject before them.-
Those received by me were believed to be
of that character.
That the feelings produced in the Unit-
ed States by the news of the rejection of
the appropriation, would be such as I have
described them to have been, was foreseen
by the French government, and prompt
measures were taken by it to prevent thd
consequences. The King, in person, ex-
pressed through our Minister at Paris his
profound' regret at the decision of the"
Chambers, and promised to send, forth-
with, a national ship, with despatches to
his Minister here, authorizing him to give
such assurances as would satisfy the Gov-1
ernment and people of the United States,
that the treaty would yet be faithfully exe-
cuted by France. The national ship ar-

rived and the Minister received his instruc-
ions. Claiming to act under the authori-
y derived from them, he gave to this gov-
ernment in the name of bis, the most sol-
emn assurances, that as soon after the new
elections as the charter would permit, the',
French Chambers would be convened, and '
he attempt to procure the necessary ap-
propriations, renewed ; that all the consti-
utional powers of the King and his Minis-
ers should be put in requisition to accom-
plish the object; and he was understood,
and so expressly informed by this Govern-
ment at the time, to engage, that the ques-
ion should be pressed to a decision ata,.
period sufficiently early to permit informa-
tion of the result to' be communicated to
Congress at the commencement of their
next session. Relying upon these assur-
ances, 1 incurred the responsibility, great
as I regarded it to be, of suffering Con-
gress to separate without communicating
with them upon the subject.
The expectations justly founded upon
the promises thus solemnly made to this
Government by that of France, were not
realized. The French Chambers met on
the 31st of July, 1834, soon after the elec-
tion; and although our Minister in Paris
urged the French Ministry to bring the
subject before them, they declined doing
so. He next insisted that the Chambers,
if prorogued without acting on the subject,
should be reassembled at a period so early
that their action on the treaty might be
known in Washington prior to the meet-
ing of Congress. This reasonable request
was not only declined, but the Chambers
were prorogued to the 20th of December,
a day so late that their decision, however
urgently pressed, could not, in all proba-'
bility, be obtained in time to reach Wash-
ington before the necessary adjournment
of Congress by the constitution. The rea-
sons given by the Ministry for refusing to
convoke the Chambers at an earlier period,
were afterwards shewn not to be insupera-
ble, by their actual convocation on the 1st
of December, under a special call, for do-
mestic purposes-which fact, however, did
not become known to this Government
until after the commencement of the last
session of Congress.
'Thus disappointed in our just expecta-
tions, it became my, imperative duty to
consult with Congress in regard to the ex-
pediency of a resort to retaliatory measures,
in case the stipulations of the treaty should
not be speedily complied with : and to re-
commend such as in my judgment, the oc-
casion called for. To this end, an unre-
served communication of the case, in all
its aspects, became indispensable. To have
shrunk, in making it, from saying all that
was necessary to its correct understanding,
and that the truth would justify, for fear of
giving offence to others, would have been
unworthy of us. To have gone, on the'
other hand, a single step further, for the
purpose of wounding the pride of a Gov-
ernment and people with whom we had
so many motives for cultivating relations of
amrniity and reciprocal advantage, would
have been unwise and improper. Admon-
ished by the past of the difficulty of mak-
ing even the simplest statement of our
wrongs without disturbing the sensibilities
of those who had, by theif position, be-
come responsible for their redress, and
earnestly desirous of preventing further
obstacles from that source, I went out of
my way to preclude a construction of the
message, by which the recommendation
that was made to Congress might be re-
garded as a menace to France, in not only
disavowing such design, but in declaring
that her pride and her power were too well
known to expect any thing from her fears.
The Message did not reach Paris until
more than a month after the Chambers
had been in session ; and such was the in-
sensibility of the Ministry to our-rigltutll
claims and just expectations, that our Min-
ister had been informed that the matter
when' introduced would not be pressed as
a cabinet matter.
Although the message was not officially
communicated to the French Government,

and notwithstanding the declaration to the
contrary, which it contained, the French
Ministry decided to consider the condi,
tional recommendation of reprisals, a me-
nace and an insult, which the honor of the
nation made it incumbent on them to re-
sent. The measures resorted to by them
to evince their sense of the supposed in-
dignity, were, the immediate recall of their
Minister at Washington, the offer of pass-
ports to the American Minister at Paris,
and a public notice to the Legislative
Chambers that all diplomatic intercourse
with the United States had been sus-
Having in this manner vindicated the
dignity of France, they next proceeded to
illustrate her justice. To this end a bill
was immediately introduced into the Cham-
ber of Deputies, -proposing to make the
appropriations necessary to carry into ef-

feet the treaty. As this bill subsequently
passed into a law, the provisions of which
now constitute the main subject of difficul-
ty'between the two nations, it becomes my
duty, in order to place the subject before
you in a clear light, to trace the history of
its passage, and to refer, with some par-
ticularity, to the proceedings and discus-
sions in regard to it. The Minister to,
France, in his opening speech, alluded to,
the measures which had been adopted to
resent the supposed indignity, and recom-
mended the execution of the treaty as a
measure required by the honor and justice
of France. t-,astae orgatnoft e Maisis-
try, declared the message, so long as it had
not received the sanction of Congress, a
mere expression of the .personal opinion
of the President, for which neither the
Government nor People of the United
States were responsible, andL that an en-
gagement had been entered into, for the;
fulfilment of which the honor of France;
was pledged. Entertaining these views,
the single condition which the French
Ministry proposed to annex to the payment
of the money, was, that it should not be
made until it was ascertained that the
Government of the United States had done
nothing to injure the interests of France;
or, in other words, that no steps had been,
authorized by Congress of a hostile char-
acter towards France.
What the disposition or action of Con-
gress might be, was then unknown to the
Frerch Cabinet. But, on thel4th of Jan-
uary, the Senate resolved that it was, at
that time, inexpedient to adopt any legis-
lative measure in regard to the state of af-
fairsbetween the United States and France,
and no action on the subject had occurred
in the House of Representatives. These,
facts were known in Paris prior to the
28thiof March, 1835, when the committee,
to whom the .bill of indemnification had
beei referred, reported it to the Chamber
ofDpeuties. That committee substantially
re-e4hoed the sentiments of the Ministry,'
declared that Congress had set aside the
proposition of the President, and recom-
mended the passage of the bill, without
any other restriction than that originally
proposed. Thut. was it known to the
French Minisitry and Chambers, that if the
position assumed by them, and which had
been so frequently and solemnly announc-
ed as the only one compatible with the
honor of France, was maintained, and the
bill passed as originally proposed, the mo-
ney would be paid, and there would be an
end of this unfortunate controversy.
But this cheering prospect was soon de-
stroyed by an amendment introduced into
the bill at the moment of its passage, pro-
viding that the money should not be- paid
until the French Government had receiv-
ed satisfactory explanation of the Presi-
dent's message of the 2d December, 1834 ;
and what is still more extraordinary, the
President of the Council ofMinisters adopt-
ed this amendment, and consented to its
incorporation in the bill. In regard to a
supposed insult which had been formally
resented by the recall of their Minister, and
the offer of passports to ours, they now, for
the first time, proposed to ask explanations.
Sentiments and propositions, which they
had declared could not justly be imputed
to the Government or People of the Unit-
ed States, are set up as obstacles to the
performance of an act of conceded justice
to that Government and People. They
'had declared that the honor of France re-
quired the fulfilment of the engagement in-
to which the King had entered, unless
Congress adopted the recommendations of
the message.' They ascertained that Con-
gress did not adopt them, and yet that ful-
filment is 'refused, unless they first obtain
from the President explanations of an opin-
ion characterized by-thamselves as person-
al and inoperative.
The conception that it was my intention
to menace or insult the Government of
France, is as unfounded as the attempt to
extort from the fears of that nation what
her sense of justice may Zteny would be
vain and ridiculous. But the constitution

of the United States imposes on the Presi-
dent the duty of laying before Congress
the condition of the country, in its foreign
and domestic relations, and ofrecotnmend-
ing such measures as may, in his opinion,
be required by" its interests. From the
performance of this duty he cannot be de-
terred by the fear of wounding the sensi-
bilities of the people or Government of
whom it may become necessary to speak;
'and the American People are incapable of
submitting to an interference by any Gov-
ernment on earth, however powerfuifl, with
the free performance of the domestic du-
ties which the constitution has imposed on
their public functionaries. The discussions
which intervene between the several de-
partments of our government belong to
ourselves; and for any thing said in them,
.our public servants a0e only responsible to
their own constituents and to each other.-

Our latest papers from the North, brought
us the President's Message. Not having
room in our columns for a Document of such
length, we give only that portion of it which
relates to our affairs with France. The whole
Message is a most able State paper, and we
regret that we cannot lay the whole of it be-
fore our readers.
Since the last session of Congress, the
validity of our claims upon France, as li-
quidated by the treaty of 1831, has been
acknowledged by both branches of her
Legislature, and the money has been ap-
propriated for their discharge; but the pay-
rmentis, I regret to inform you, still with-
A brief recapitulation of the most imra
portant incidents in this protracted contro-
versy, will show how utterly untenable are
the grounds upon which this course is at-
tempted to be justified.I
On entering upon the duties of my sta-
tion,I found the United States an unsuc-
cessfitl applicant to the justice of France,
for the satisfaction of claims, the validity of
which was never questionable, and has
now been most solemnly admitted by
France, herself. The antiquity of these
claims, their high justice, and the aggravat-
ing circumstances out of which they arose,
are too familiar to the American People to
require description. It is sufficient to say
that, for a period of ten years and upwards,
our commerce was, with but little inter-
ruption, the subject of constant aggressions
on the part of France-aggressions the or-
dinary features of which were condemna-
tions of vessels and cargoes under arbitary
decrees, adopted in contravention, as well
of the laws of nations as of treaty stipula-
tions ; burnings on the high seas; and seiz-
ures and confiscations, under special im-
perial receipts, in the ports of other nations
occupied by the armies, or under the con-
trol of France. Such, it conceded,
is the character of the wrongs in many cas-
es, so flagrant, that even their authors nev-
er denied our right to reparation. Of the
extent of these injuries, some conception
may be formed from the fact, that after the
burning of a large amount at sea, and the
necessary deteriora-ion, in other cases, by
long detention, the American property so
seized and sacrificed at forced sales, exclud-
ing what was adjudged to privateers, be-
fore or without condemnation, brought in-
to the French treasury upwards of twenty-
four millions of frances, besides large cus-
tom-house duties.
The subject had already been an affair
of twenty years, uninterrupted negotiation,
except for a short time, when France was
overwhelmed by the military power of
united Europe. Duringthis period, whilst
other nations were extorting from her pay-
ment of their claims at the point of the bay-
onet, the United States intermitted their de-
mnand for justice, out of respect to the op-
pressed condition of a gallant people, to
'whom they felt under obligations for fra-
ternal assistance in their own days of suf-
fering and of peril. The bad effects of
these protracted and unavailing discussions,
as well upon our relations, with France as
upon our national character, were obvious;
and the line of duty was to my mind equal-
ly so. This was, either to insist upon the
adjustment of our claims within a reason-
able period, or to abandon them altogether.
I could not doubt, that by this course, the
interests and honors of both countries
would be best consulted. Instructions
were therefore given in this spirit to the
Minister sent out once more to demand re-
paration. Upon the meeting of Congress,
in December, 1829, I felt it my duty to
speak of these claims, find the delays of
France in terms calculated'to call the se-
rious attention of both countries to the sub-
ject. The then French Ministry took ex-
ception to the message, on the ground of
its containing a menace, under which it
was not agreeable to the French govern-
ment to negotiate. The American Minis-
ter, of whose own accord refuted the con-

struction which was attempted to be put
upon the message, and at the same time,
called to the recollection of the French
Ministry, that the President's message was
a communication addressed, not to foreign
Governments, but to the Congress of the
United States, in which it was enjoined up-
on im, by the constitution, to lay before
th(t body information of the state of the
Uniqun, comprehending its foreign as well
as its domestic relations; and that if, in the
discharge of this duty, he felt it incumbent
upon him to summon the attention of Con-
gress, in due time, to what might be the
pogsiblsje consequences of existing difficul-
ties *Mt'any foreign government, he might
Al.y: b9 supposed to do so, under a sense
ofb'et was due from him, in a frank com-
munication with another branch of his own
government, and not from any intention of
holding a menace over a foreign power.-

Arid while the blood oozed from the wound,
And left a crimson stain,
She cast the flower upon the ground,
And sighed and wept with pain :
And said while her bright eyes reveal'd
The withering glance of scorn,
'Who would have tho't such sweets concealed
An envious rankling Thorn?"
Maria, bid thy sorrows cease,
And smooth thy clouded brpw;
For, lovely girl,*you may from this
A useful lesson know;
How many, crush'd with nameless woes,
Range through the world forlorn;
And stead of pleasure's magic rose,
Find disappointment's Thorn
The belle pursues her heedless way,
To answer fashion's call,
And shines amongst the vainly gay,
Who grace the crowded hall:
She thinks to reach the rosy bower,
Where happiness was born,
She strives to pluck the blushing flower,
But finds, instead, a Thorn.
The rural nymph, who longs to shine
Upon a loftier stage,
And yields her blooming charms divine,
To affluence and age ;
Too late she finds the promised prize
Of pure delight is gore,
And grasps, instead of tranquil joys,
A life destroying Thorn.
Yon weeping girl, with broken heart,
Bows low at sorrow's shrine;
Pale victim of the damned art,
Of some gay libertine;
Who robbed her of her fame and rest,
And left the wretch to mourn-
Who stole contentmepc from. her breast,
To plant a festering Thorn.
The youth unversed in bland deceit,
By love's soft passion led,
In luckless hour unites his fate,
To some ill-tempered maid;




Total, 259
Capt. Turner not yet arrived.
An intelligent gentleman of Alachua, in a
6tter to a gentleman of this place, states that
,apt. Priest, whose plantation at Wacahoutar
vas devastated, arid buildings burned by the
ndians and son wounded, as noticed in our
ast number, lost, at least, one thousand bush-
Is of corn, and allhis cotton, of which he had
Large crop. All his horses, save five, a4e
probably lost. He had about thirty head.-
The con and cotton were consumed. Twen-
odd fat hrs, ready for the butcher's knife
were taken from the pen and driven off.-
Capt. Priest is we understand, one of the
greatest losers, of the great number of those
whose plantations have been devastated and
homes laid in ash\s.
Another writer Says, the people here are
very much alarmed. Most of the families
have abandoned their homess and assembled
at the different places whtee the inhabitants
have erected, or are erecting forts for protec-
tion. There are at Newnansville, the Court.
House at which place is-turned into a fort,
and the Jail into a block-house ; upwards of
two hundred people assembled at old Mr.
Crum's where is Fort Crum" upwards of
three hundred, and more are coming in.
'Mr. Folk who was shot through the throat,
died on the llth instant.

We select the following editorial state-
ment and remarks from the Tallahassee Flo-
ridian ofthe 12th inst.
THE SEMINOLEs.-An express from Gen.
Clinch arrived in the early part of this
week, calling pn the Governor of the Ter-
ritory for mounted men,.to aid in protect-
ing the frontier from the hostile portion of
the Seminole tribes.' The demand was
promptly responded to by the.Acting Gov-
ernor, Mr. Walker, who immediately issu-
ed the necessary orders to Gen. Call, for
raising volunteers to succor our distressed
brethren in the exposed districts. On
Tuesday a portion of the 7th Regiment
was hastily assembled, and after a very able
and appropriate address by Gen. Call,
about sixty young men tendered their ser-
vices. The company left town the next
evening under the command of Captain
Throop. They were well mounted, and
made a very handsome appearance. Jef-
ferson, Madison and Gadsden counties, al-
so contributed their quotas. The battalion,
when assembled, will be placed under the
command of Cols. Parish and Reid, who
will no doubt give a good account of their
gallant little band.
Another levy will be made to-day. It is
intended by Gen. Call to raise 250 or 300
additional men in this district, who will be
commanded by Col. Parkhill. The diffe-
rent corps will be assembled at Hickstown,
when Gen. Call will assume the command
of the whole in person. A fine company
of volunteers arrived last evening from.
Quincy, commanded by Capt. Harrison.-
The officers and soldiers are entitled to
the greatest credit for the promptness with
which they have acted oh the occasion. A
company of cavalry from Jackson county,
is expected to arrive in this placo0-mor-
ow. It goes under the command 0o CoL
P.ttman. In short, such is the spirit man-
ifested every where, that the difficulties
cannot fail to be brought to a speedy ter-
Mr. Walker, our acting Governor, is enti-
tled to great credit, for his promptness in re-
sponding to the call of the people of Alachua
made to him in their hour of'peril, for succor,
and to the subsequent call of Gen. Clinch,
for mounted men, to aid in the protection of
the Indian frontiers.
The spirited efforts of Gen. Call, to raise
an efficient force, his despatch in reaching
the theatre of action, and the alacrity which
seems to have been manifested by the people,
of Middle Florida, to succor their brethren"

exposed to the enraged red-men's knife and
firebrands," meet our warmest commenda-
tion. Gen. Call is well and favorably.known
in this section, and. his speedy arrival in
camp, gives satisfaction and confidence to
the people generally, and we doubt not, will
inspire, with additional ardor, the spirited
and gallant sons from this section, who so
readily and freely marched out to battle,"
under our own commanding officers, upon
whose bravery and efficiency, every reliance
is so justly placed.

We insert a copy af a letter from Colonel
Warren to General Clinch, which will be
read with great interest-judging from the
proportion of the slaa and wounded, the en-
gagement was a sevre one. Our anxiety is
great to hear farthe particulars, and to know
the names of the fite slain, whose names are
put down in the letter as unknown.
This letter contahs our latest intelligence,
except a report just arrived, that two of the
wounded are sinc(dead-that Weeks, one
of the above, who belonged to the Mandarin
Company, fired at he Indians three times-
twice after he hadreceived several balls, the
last discharge mate when he was down,-
killing an Indian thAt had jumped into one of
the wagons,-and that Capt. McLemore had
two horses shot under him. How much truth
is in this report, we cannot pretend to say.
Fort Crum, Dec. 19th, 1835. 5 t
Sir-rhe troops under my command, took
up the line of march on yesterday morning,
to scour out the Wacahouta and adjacent
homtocks, and not wishing to be encumber-
ed with baggage, I despatched baggage wag- i
ons to take the. direct route for Wetumpka,
via Micanopy; on arriving at the Kanopaha
prairie, I immediately took Capt. McLe-
more's and Capt. Lancaster's companies, and
pursued on the trail, and on arrival at Benj.
Warren's, found his house in flames, passing I
on we found that a body of Indians, fifty or
sixty in number, had attacked and captured
our baggage as it passed over the Prairie, and
set the wagon on fire. The officer in com-
mand of the baggage train, with several of
the escort had retired to Miccanopy, and I
have not been able to ascertain correctly,
what loss has been sustained : two Sergeants
and four mer. have returned into Camp un-
hurt, and one Sergeant and one private be-
longing to Captain M'Lemore's Company,
mortally wounded, still lingering at this fort.
I am not able to make a more correct return,
as I am unadvised of the numbers who have
escaped to Miccanopy, but will make a more
full return as soon as possible. By this un-
fortunate affair, all our papers, such as orders,
reports, &c. and all our ammunition, surgical
instruments, &c. are lost.
Gen. Call, with his reinforcement, is ex-
pected here to-day, and as I am assured that
the whole body of Indians are in the Waca-
h-t.a nird dii-cent hammocks; the sign is
great, .ntd ",i i'e the force seen in different
parties, we are assured that they are all here.
I think it advisable that you send all the
regular force, to co-operate with us immedi-
ately. The fighting is to be done here. We
are in want of ammunition and camp equip-
age, having, as I before stated, lost all in our
wagons. Yours respectfully,
Co!. and Com. Mil. in service.
Gen. D. L. CLINCH.
P. S. Killed, Serg't. Hunt, privates Tillis
and U. Roberts and five others not known,
wounded six, oie mortally (Weeks,) escaped
sixteen; five hprses killed, six wounded.
Gen. Call hat just arrived in Camp with
250 men, and assumed the entire command.
A,report has also arrived, that the Indians
were penned in a Hammock in the Prairie,
and that, on Monday last, firing was heard,
and a general e engagement had taken place.

The mail rider, from Micanopy via. New-
nansville, who arrived here on Sunday morn-
ing last, one day later than the mail was due,
reported that he saw on his route fresh signs
of Indians, and that he might probably have
been picked off" by some of them, had he
not joined a company of persons with whom
he travelled aS far as Black Creek. He said
every dwelling is abandoned by the inhabi-
tants on the rods leading from Black Creek
to Newnansville, and to Micanopy, also from
Newnansvilleto Aligator, and from Picolata
and Palatka to Micanopy. Picolata is the
highest point on the St. Johns unabandoned
by the inhabitants. The rider brought also
the first intelligence of the attack on the
house of Mr.Simmons.

The following letter from Col. Mills to a
gentleman in this place, gives probably a
more correct version of the attack.
HEAD QUARTERS, (near Fort Crum)
12 o'clock at night, 17th Dec., 1835.
Sir-Intelligence has arrived in Camp,
that about 30 Indians made an attack on Mr.
Simmons' houseon the Palatka road, about
8 miles from yliccanopy, and 20 from this
Camp. They rushed on the house with fu-
rious yells and heavy firing; but Simmons,
and J. Carr and two others, who happened to
be there, barred up the house and defended
themselves urtil day light-when the Indi-
ans took a drove of fat hogs out of the pens
and drove them off. Immediately Captains
Sumerall's and Gibbon's companies were de-
spatched off at 20 minutes notice, (with Carr
to show the trail) and with orders to pursue
and destroy the Indians wherever found.
SWe march on for Wacahouta in the morn-
.ing, where it is reported that a great show of
Indians is seen. Further, I have not time to
say. Yours truly,
We have not yet heard any thing, in refer-
ence to the success of the detachment under
Capt. Sumerall and Capt. Gibbons, despatch-
ed in pursuit of them.


From a file of Official Orlers, and copies
of Orders furnished us by the- politeness of
Capt. D. S. Gardiner, commandant of this
post, and Maj. I. D. Hart, commanding the
Regimental bounds. We select the following:
4th Regt. Florida Militia,
Jacksonville, Nov. 10th, 1835.
Sir-You are hereby required to muster
he company under your command, forth-
with; and cause a complete inspection of the
same to be made, as to their arms and equip-
ments, and make an immediate return to me
f the same. You will impress on the men
he necessity of their equipping themselves
according to law, and be particular in re-
urning to your company Court Martial all
defaulters, in not appearing armed as requir-
ed. The General commanding this Brigade,
has informed the Colonel of this Regiment,
That as the Indians are to be removed about
he 8th of January next, in the event of their
not complying peaceably with the Treaty
with the General Government, circumstan-
ces may require -him4a call on a portion of
the Brigade for their services, and he confi-
dently expects support in such an event, from
this Regiment." I think it unnecessary for
me to say more to you, than fully to express
my confidence in yourself, and the officers
and men under your command, being held
n readiness to meet promptly any call that
may be made on their services, and that this
Regiment may, in the event of their being
called to the field, shew that patriotic and
military character that has always so particu-
ulirly distinguished the sons of Florida.
I lave the honor to be, &c.
Lt. Cpl. 4th Regt. F. M Com. 1st Batl.
4th Regt. Florida Militia,
December 5th, 1835.
Sir-You are hereby required to muster the
company under your command, at Isaac Hen-
dricks', Esq. Cowford, on Monday morning,
the 7th inst. at 9 o'clock, A. M. completely
armed and equipped, and all mounted that
have horses, or that can procure them,, when
you will make immediate report to me of the
full effective strength, in men, arms, equip-
ments and horses. And at that time and
place, you will receive such further orders.,
for your guidance, as shall be communicated
to me by the Colonel commanding this Regi-
ment. The Indiana having committed some
depredations on the frontiers, the General
commanding the United States troops in
Florida, has made a requisition for the servi-
ces of a portion of this Regiment, you will
therefore impress on your company, the ne-
cessity of being Fully prepared for immediate
service, at a moments warning after your pa-
rade is formed, as herein ordered.
By order of Col. JOHN WARREN,
Commanding 4th Regt. F. M.
Lt. Col. Com. 1st Batl.
To Capt. D. S. GARDINER, Company D.
Jacksonville, Dec. 7th, 1835.
Sir-You are hereby ordered to hold the
company under your command, in readiness
to march at a moment's warning. You will
cause all the men to be immediately fully
prepared for actual service. Press all the
arms in the district, and make report to me
forthwith. The Regiment being called into
actual service by the Commanding General
of the Brigade.
By order of Col. WARREN.
Lt. Col. 4th Regt. F. M.

Capt. D. S. GARDINER, Company D.
Jacksonville, Dec. 7th, 1835.
Sir-You are hereby ordered to muster the
Battalion under your command into immedi-
ate service, and order the companies to take
up the line of march for Wetumnpka, via
Black-Creek, to-morrow morning; you are
also required to establish a post at Jackson-
ville, under the command ef a Captain and
twenty-five men-one post at Mandarin, un-
der the command of a Lieutenant and twelve
men-one post at Whitesville, under a Lieu-
tenant and twelve men-you will charge the
Captain commanding the post at Jackson-.
ville, to keep a regular mounted guard, and
to take into custody all slaves and free per-.
sons of color, except they are in the actual
service and presence of their owners, over.
seers or employers, and to keep'them in close
confinement, subject to the disposition of the
civil authorities; and you will order the
Commandant at Jacksonville to issue the
same peremptory orders to the Commandants,
of the posts at Mandarin and Whitesville-
and to require regular reports from them; anc
he is required to report to Major Isaiah D
Hart, who will remain at Head Quarters as
commanding officer of the Regimental Boundi
-you are further required to take all armt
found within your command, -for the purpose(
of arming the Battalion-you will also ch'rg<(
the Guards with the duty of bringing in al

If, in the course of their consultations, facts
are erroneously stated, or unjust deductions
are made, they require no other induce-
ment to correct them, however informed of
their error, than their love of justice, and
what is due to their own character; but
they can never submit to be interrogated
upon the subject as a matter of right, by a
foreign power. When our discussions
terminate in acts, our responsibility to for-
eign powers commences, not as individu-
als, but as a nation. The principle which
calls in question the President for the lan-
guage of his message, would equally justi-
fy a foreign power min demanding explana-
tion of the language used in the report ofa
committee, or by a member in debate.
This is not the first time that the Gov-
ernment of France has taken exception to
the messages of American Presidents.-
President Washington, and the first Presi-
dent Adams, in the performance of their
duties to the American People, fell under
the animadversions of the French Directo-
ry. The objection taken to the Ministry
of Charles X, and removed by the expla-
nations 'made by our Minister upon the
spot, has already been adverted to. WVhen
it was understood that the Ministry of the
present King took exception to my mes-
sage of last year, putting a construction up-
on it which was disavowed on its face, our
late Minister at Paris, in answer to the note
which first announced a dissatisfaction with
the language used in the message, made a
communication to the French Government
under date of the 20th January, 1835, cal-
culated to remove all impressions which
an unreasonable susceptibility had created.
He repeated, and called the attention of
the French Government to the disavowal
contained in the message itself, of any in-
tention to intimidate by menace-hle truly
declared that it contained, and was in-
tended to contain, no charge of ill faith
against the King of the French, and prop-
erly distinguished between the right to
complain, in unexceptionable terms, of the
omission to execute an agreement, ard an
accusation of bad motives in withholding
such execution-and demonstrated, that
the necessary use of that right ought not
to be considered as an offensive imnputa-
tion. Although this communication was
made without instructions and entirely on
the Minister's own responsibility, yet it was
afterwards made the act of this GoTern-
ment by my full approbation, and that ap-
probation was officially made knows on
the 25th of April, 1835, to the French Gov-
ernment. It, however, failed to have any
effect. The law, after this friendly expla-
nation, passed with the obnoxious amend-
ment, supported by the King's Ministers
and was finally approved by the King.
The people of the United States are just
ly attached to a pacific system in their in
tereourse with foreign .. '-ons. It is prop-
er, therefore, that they should know wheth-
er their Government has adhered to it. In
the present instance, it has been carried t(
the utmost extent that was consistent
with a becoming self respect. The noteo
the 29th of January, to which I have be
fore alluded, was not the only one which
our Minister took upon himself the respon
sibility of presenting on the same subject
and in the same spirit. Finding that it was
intended to make payment ofa just deb
dependent on the performance ofa condi
tion which he knew could never be com
plied with, he thought it a duty to mak(
another attempt to convince the Frenc
Government, that whilst self respect anc
regard to the dignity of other nations woulk
always prevent us from using any language(
that ought to give offence, yet we coulc
never admit a right in any foreign Govern.
ment to ask explanations of, or to interfere
in any manner in, the communication.,
Which one branch of our public council,
made with another; that in the present
case, no such language had been used, .anc
.that this had in a former note been full}
and voluntarily stated, before it was con-
templated to make the explanation a con-
dition and that there might be no misap-
rehension, he stated the terms used in thai

note, and he officially informed them thai
it had been approved by th'e President
and that therefore, every explanation which
could reasonably be asked, or honorably
given, had been already made-that the
contemplated measure had been anticipat-
ed by a voluntary and friendly declaration,
and was, therefore, not only useless, but
might be deemed offensive, and certainly
would not be complied with, if annexed as
a condition.
When this latter communication, tc
which I specially invite the attention ol
Congress, Avas laid before me, I entertain-
ed the hope.that the means it was obvious-
ly intended to afford, of an honorable and
speedy adjustment of the difficulties be-
tween the two nations, would have beer
accepted; andI therefore did not hesitate
to give my sanction and full approbation
This was due to the Minister who had made
himself responsible for the act; and it was
published to the people of the U. States
and is now laid before their representatives
to show how far their executive has gone
in its endeavors to restore a good under.-
standing between the two countries. It
would have been, at any time, commumi-
cated to the Government of France, had it
been officially requested.
The French Government having receiv.-
ed all the explanation which honor anc
principle permitted, and which could it
reason be asked, it was hoped it would no

longer hesitate to pay the instalments now
due. The agent authorized to receive the
money was instructed to inform the French
Minister of his readiness to do so. In re-
reply to this notice, he was told that the
money could not then be paid, because the
formalities required by the act of the Cham-
bers had not been arranged.
Not having received any official com-
munication of the intention of the French
Government, and anxious to bring, as far
as practicable, this unpleasant affair to a
close before the meeting of Congress, that
you might have the whole subject before
you, I caused our Charge d'Affaires at Par-
is, to be instructed to ask for the final de-
termination of the French Government;
and in the event of their refusal to pay the
instalments now due, without further ex-
planations, to return to the United States.
The result of this last application has
not reached us, but is daily expected. That
it may be favorable is my sincere wish.-
France having now through all the branch-
es of her Government, acknowledged the
validity of our claims, and the obligation
of the treaty of 1831; and there really ex-
isting no adequate cause for further delay,
will, at length, it may be hoped, adopt the
course which the interest of both nations,
not less than the principles of justice, so
imperiously require. The treaty being
once executed on her part, little will re-
main to disturb the friendly relations of
the two countries; nothing, indeed, which
will not yield to the suggestions ofa pacific
and enlightened policy, and to the influ-
ence of that mutual good will, and of those
generous recollections, which we may
confidenily expect will then be revived in
all their ancient force. In any event, how-
ever, the principle involved in the new as-
pect, which has been given to the contro-
versy, is so vitally important to the inde-
pendent administration of the Government,
That it can neither be surrendered nor
Scompromitted, without national degrada-
tion. I hope it is unnecessaey for me to
say that such a sacrifice will not be made
through any agency of mine. Thie honor
of my country shall never be stained by an
t apology from me, for the statement of truth
Sand the performance of duty; nor can I
Give any explanation of my official acts,
except such as is due to integrity and con-
Ssistent with the principles on which our
Institutions have been framed.
This determination will, I am confident,
be approved by my constituents. I have,
- indeed, studied their character to but little
purpose, if the suin of twenty-five millions
- of francs will have the weight of a feather
- in the estimation of what appertains to
, their national independence; and if, un-
happily, a different impression should at
- any time obtain in any quarter, they Will,
- 1 am sure, rally round the government of
- their choice with alacrity and unanimity,
- and silence forever the degrading imputa-
) Having thus frankly presented to you
t the circumstances which, since the last
f session of Congress, have occurred in this
- interesting and important matter, with the
views of the Executive in regard to them,
" it is at this time only necessary to add,
, that whenever the advices now daily ex-
s pected from our Charge d'Affaires shall
t have been received, they will be made the
- subject of a special communication.

persons who are defaulters, in appearing at
thedifferent places of rendezvous.
ly order of Gen. J. M. HERNANDEZ,
Com. 2d Brig. F. M.
Col. 4th Reg. F. M.
.0 Col. W. J. MILLS, Com. 1st Batl. F. M.


Extract from a letter written by Col. Mill,
to 'he Commandant of the post at Jackson-
vile, dated Camp, Dec. 12th, 1835. Force at
prsent in Camp at Newnansville.
4U Regt. Comp. A. Capt. Ross, 41 men
e B L. Lancaster, 32 "
C. Hutchesonr,39 "
41 H. Lt. Haddock,* 28 "
6ft Regt. under Capt. Gibbons, 34 "
Sumerall, 45'
McLemore, 34 "
Feld and staff, 6 "



What has often surprised me is to hear
people lament the evils of this life, and to
call the world a vale of sorrow. Surely
enjoyment and well-being is manifestly,
throughout the world, the positive and nat-
ural state of animated beings: And evil
suffering and organic defects, the negative
or partial shadow of this general brightness.
Is -not creation a continual feast to the
healthy eye, the contemplation of which,
and of its beauty and splendour, fills the
heart with delight and adoration ? And
were it only the daily sight of the enkind-
ling sun and glittering stars, the verdure of
the trees, the gay and delicate beauty of
flowers, the joyous song of birds, and the
luxuriant abundance and rich animal en-
joyment of all living things, it would give
us good cause to rejoice in life. But how
much still more wondrous wealth is unfold-
ed in the treasures of our own minds!-
What mines are laid open by love, art, sci-
ence, the observation and history of our
race, and in the deepest chambers of the
.soul, the pious, reverential sentiment of
God and his universal work! Truly we
were less ungrateful, were we less happy ;
and but too often we stand in need of suf-
fering to make us conscious of this. A
cheerful, grateful disposition is a sort of
sixth sense, by which we perceive and re-
cognize happiness. He who is fully per-
suaded of its existence, may, like other utin-,
thinking children, break out into occasion-
al complaints, but will soon return to rea-
son; for the deep and intense feeling of
the happiness of living, lies like a rose-co-
loured ground in his inmost heart, and
shines softly through the darkest figures
which worldly disappointments can draw
upon it.-[Waldie's Port Folio.

MARTIN VAN BUREN was born at Kin-
derhook, on the 8th December, 1782-con-
sequently he has now nearly completed bis
53d year. It is said that he begun the stu-
dy of law at fourteen, practiced at sixteen,
and soon after became "active and con-
spicuous as a party politician."


The Courier.


T HE Subscriber will run good Barouche
and good Horses from Jacksonville to
St. Augustine, once a week; to leave this
place every Monday morning, and arrive in
St. Augustine on the evening of the same day.
Returning-will leave St. Augustine on
Wednesday morning, and arrive at this place
on the evening of the same day.
IU-Forty pounds baggage will be allowed
to each passenger, and for any greater weight,
one cent per pound will be charged for every
ten miles.
:T'Fary each way $5._

HE Subscriber has just received a com-
plete assortment of .nglzsh and West
India'Goods, and Groceries, which are offered
for sale at the lowest prices.



Picolata, Nov. 10.

SIX Weeks from date, I shall apply to the
Honorable the Judge of Duval County,
for letters of Administration on the Estate of
CHARLES HOYT, deceased.
Jacksonville, Dec. 3. 6w41

J nThe undersigned respectfully an-
P1j ounces to the Public, that he in-
lljiBBLtends opening, early in October, the
1 'th
Hotel known as PICOLATA HOUSE. The build-
ing having been greatly enlarged, will com-
fortably accommodate a numerous company,
the Rooms will be well furnished and the
Table richly supplied with the best fare the
country affords.
Picolata is situated on the St. Johns river,
forty miles above Jacksonville, and eighteen
miles West of St. Augustine; with a stage
communication, requiring only a ride of three
hours.-The climate is remarkably mild and
balmy, and being exempt from the humidity
of the sea atmosphere, has proved highly
beneficial to invalids laboring under pulmo-
nary affections.
A Steamboat running weekly between this
place and Savannah, will afford every desira-
ble facility for communication between the
two places.
With these advantages, the undersigned
hopes by his unremitted personal attention,
to render entire satisfaction to all who may
favor him with their patronage.
Picolata, E.F. Sept. 12. 8w38

Jacksonville, August 3d, 1835.
ALL persons having any deeds or other
instruments of writing to be recorded,
will please leave the money for recording the
same also--otherwise the deeds or other in-
struments will not be placed upon record until
the fees is paid.
Persons having papers of any kind already
recorded, will please call and pay for them,
as the work is done, and I want my pay,
ISAIAH D. HART, Clerk. *
Jacksonville, Aug. 3. 29tf

THE subscribers having disposed of all
their stock of goods to Mr. WILLIAM
RIDER, and having taken the store lately oc-
cupied by them, they cheerfully recommend
their customers to patronize him.
Mr. Rider is fully authorised to settle all
our Book accounts contracted in our store
business. Those indebted to us either by
note or book account, are requested to call at
hts store and pay the same without delay, or
suits will be commenced.
Jacksonville, Sept. 17th, 1835. 35tf


Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
H AS opened an office in Jacksonville, for
the practice of the Law, in the several
Courts of Duval and of the adjoining coun-
He pledges himself, that all business en-
trusted to his care, shall receive prompt and
diligent attention.
Jacksonville, July 15, 1835. 29tf

T HE Subscriber will purchase the above,
quantity of Black Moss, if delivered in,
Savannah previous to 1st October, in large
or small quantities.
Savannah, June 17. 4w27
LL persons having demands against the
Estate of Mrs. CLEMENTINE G.U
TIER, dec. will present them properly attest-
ed, and all persons indebted to said Estate,
will make immediate payment to
Jacksonville, July 25,, 1835. 29tf

T WO Copper Stills, nearly new; one con-
L training two hundred gallons, with a
heater of the same capacity; the, other con-
taining fifty gallons, which will be disposed
of at terms advantageous to the purchaser.
For further particulars inquire of O.BUD,
INGTON, Esq. Whitesville, or at-tis ffice.
Jacksonville, May 6. 19tf

I WILL hold a Magistrates Court at the
Court-house in Jacksonville, on the Sec-
ond Saturday in each month, at 10 o'clock, A.
M. In'my absence, any business left with
O. M. Dorman Esq. will be punctually at-
tended to. S.STREETER,
Justice of the Peace.
June 17. 25

RIDER'S stock of Goods in this place,
and taken the' store recently -occupied by
them, I calculate to replenish the stock with
such articles as may be wanted to have a
good assortment for this market.
[(UPurchasers will find it for their interest
to call as above.'
[E7Pay on delivery of the goods.
Jacksonville, Sept. 8, 1835. 35tf

By George K. Walker, Secretary, and Acting
Governor of Florida.
W HEREAS, an Election was held on the
first Monday in May, 1835, for the
election of a Delegate to the next Congress
of the United States, for the Territory of
Florida; and whereas atsaid election, JOSEPH
M. WHITE received a greater number of
votes than any other individual, as appears
by the returns legally made to me :
Now, therefore, in pursuance of law, I do
hereby proclaim the said Joseph M. White,
duly elected the Delegate from this Territory
to the next Congress of the United States.
Given under my hand this 28th day of
August, A. D. 1835. G. K. WALKER.


LL persons having demands against the
Estate of MAR Y HOBKIRK, deceased,
are requested to present them, duly attested,
to the undersigned, on or before the 1st day
of February next, and all persons indebted to
said Estite are requested to make immediate'
Jacksonville, Oct. 1, 1835. 38tf'

LANKS of all descriptions Printed at
at this Office, at short notice.
[nAlso, Job Work in a handsome style,
and on reasonable terms.
Justice Blanks-Deeds-Bills of La.
ding-Manifests,,'&c. constantly for sale at
this office. .

HE Co-partnership heretofore existing
under the name of L. CURRIER & Co. has
been dissolved by the death of ELIJAH WIL-
LIAMS. All persons having demands against
the said firm, are requested to present the
same; and all persons indebted to said firm,
to make payment to the subscriber, who is
authorised to receive the .same.
November 10, 1835.

ON ROUTE NO. 2471.
Leave St. Marys every Wednesday, at 2 P. M.
Arrive at Pablo every Thursday, by 7 P. M.
Leave Pablo every Friday, at 6 A. M.
Arrive at St. Augustine same day, by 6 P. M.
Leave, St. Augustine every Monday at5 A. M.
Arrive at Pablo same day by 6 P. M. .
Leave Pablo every Tuesday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive at St. Marys next day by 11 A.M.
Leave St Marys every Saturday, at 2 P. M.
Arrive at Jacksonville next day by 6 P. M.
Leave Jacksonville every Mon'day, at 5 A.M.
Arrive at St. Augustine same day by 6 P. M
Leave St. Augustine every Thursday, at 5
A.M. ,
Arrive at Jacksonville same day by 6 P. M.
Leave Jacksonville every Friday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive At' St Marys next day by 1 P. M.
Leave Pablo every Friday, at 5 A. M.
rrive at Jacksonville same day by 12 M.
Leave Jacksonville same day, at 1 P. M.
Arrive at Pablo same day by. 7 P. M.
Jacksonville July 31st. 1835.


THERE will be a regular conveyance for
- passengers once a week from St. Mary's
Geo., by Pablo to St. Augustine ; to leave St.
Mary's every Wednesday, at 2 o'clock, P. My
and arrive at Pablo next day.
Persons, who wish to :avoid a night expo-
sure on the water, will find very comfortable
accommodations at Fernandina, at Mr. A.
Dias',Tand can leave Fernandina the next
morning and arrive at Pablo the same day.-
They can leave Pablo every Friday morning
at 4 o'clock, and arrive at St. Augustine at 6,
P. M. same day; leave St. Augustine every
Sunday, and arrive at Pablo same day.
Passengers wishing to visit St. Augustine
will be accommodated on reasonable terms.
Fare from St. Mary's by Pablo to St. Augus-
ina, $5. From St. Augustine to Pablo $3.
There is also a safe boat which will run
>nce a week from Pablo to Jacksonville ; and
will depart and arrive so as to meet the mail
boat on its return from St. Mary's and the
tage as it arrives from St. Augustine. Fare
ronir Pablo to Jacksonville $2. All fare to
)e paid at Pablo. ,C. TAYLOR.
[ETThe Mail boat will leave Pablo for St.
Kary's every Tuesday and return on Thurs-
lay. The stage leaves Pablo every Friday
or St. Augustine and returns on the succeed
ling Sunday. .6m3


HE Public are informed that A line of
Covered Barouches will run between
['allahassee and Jacksonville, to leave this,
laoe every Monday.
[D-Forty pounds baggage will be allowed
o each passenger, and for any greater weight,
ne cent per pound will be charged for every
en miles.
[lTFare through, each way, $25.
Jacksonville, Jan. 14. 3tf


We delay our paper, which was all ready
for press, to notice the arrival of the Steamer
Florida from Savannah. Her arrival wm
hailed by our citizens with joy, asshe brought
us'that of which we were almost wholly des-
titute, and of which we stood in need, anm
for our defence. Messrs. King & Co. of So.
vannah, have our warmest thanks for there
kindness and liberality in furnishing us ii
the manner they have done-with forty stani
of arms, with accoutrements, borrowed fron
the State of Georgia, and for which they hav.
obligated themselves to the State. But let
letter from the Messrs. Kings to I. D. Hart d
this place, speak for itself.
SAVANNAH, Dec. 21, 1835.
Dear Sir-At the earnest request of Judg
Doggett, Cols. Warren and Mills, of youi
place, we have borrowed,'as we cannot fine
any for sale, forty stand of arms, with accou-
trementa complete, which we send to Flori
da. We have had to give our bond for their
Extract from another letter from the Messrs
Kings to Judge Doggett.
We have put on board the Florida, forty
stand of arms and accoutrements, which we
send to our mutual friend, I. D. Hart, Esq. to
use in case of need-they are borrowed, and
not for sale."
We notice in "The Georgian" of the 11th
inst. the following .-" The intelligence from
Florida is rather alarming. Ample protec-
tion should be extended to our fellow-citizens
in that quarter. If the U. S. forces which
can be sent to their relief from the neighbor-
ing States are inadequate, we doubt not that
the volunteers of our city are prepared to fly
to their rescue."
Ample protection has not yet been afford-
ed. The U. S. forces on the theatre of hos-
tilities, about three hundred strong only, have
not, it seems, been adequate to protect the
lives and property of the inhabitants on the
borders of the Indian Nation. The whole
Militia of East Florida is on duty-our friends
in Middle Florida have gallantly volunteered
and promptly moved on to the scene of ac-
tion. Should the U. S. Troops under Gen.
Clinch, reinforced as they now are, by, at
last, twice their own number of mounted
men, men, who, at a moment's call, suddenly
laid down the peaceful implements of the cit-
izen and assumed those of the soldier,-prove
insufficient to put a speedy stop to the depre-
dations now carried on by the enraged Sem-
inoles, and bring the affair of their removal
to a speedy crisis ; we shall indeed look to
the gallant sons of Georgia to volunteer us
their services. Nor should we have been
greatly surprised, had we already witnessed
some other spirited volunteer companies pass-
ing on to join our forces, without waiting for
us to call upon them, when reduced to ex-
tremity. A reduction, by the bye, we by no
means anticipate-yet, the fate of battles is
not always to the strong, and the greater the
numbers on the frontier, the more probable
would it be, that the Indians intimidated,
would cease their resistance, and yield them-
selves up quietly for removal. We are grati-
fied to hear Mr. Bullock say, as he has done
in the article above, that he has no doubt
the volunteers of Savannah are prepared to
"fly to our rescue."

The following beautiful extract is taken
from the "Tales of a Physician," a work
recently republished in this country :-
There is scarcely a profession in which
the sympathies of its professions are more
painfully excited than that of the medical
practitioner. How often is he called to
the bed of hopeless sickness ; and that, too,
in a family, the members of which are

drawn together by the closest bonds of
loye! Hlow painful is it to meet the in-
quiring gaze of attached friends, or weep-
intg relatives, directed towards him in quest
of that consolation, that assurance of safe-
ty, which he has not to give and how me-
lancholy is it to behold the last ray of hope,
which had -lingered upon the face of affec-
tion, giving place to the dark cloud of des-
And when all is over,-when the bitter-
ness of death hath passed from the dead to
the living,-from the departed to the be-
reaved,-hark to that shriek of agony, that
convulsive sob, that bitter groan, wrung
from the heart's core, which bespeaks the
utter prostration of the spirit beneath the
There, cold in the embrace of death, lies
the honored husband of a heart-broken
wife,-her first her only love Or, it may
be, the young wife of a distracted husband,
the bride of a year, the mother of an hour,
and by her perhaps, the blighted fruit 'of
their love,-the bud by the blossom, and
both are withered !,

LOOK OUT FOR ROGUES !!-We find the
following in the Natchez Courier and Jour-
nal of 28th October.
General Jail Delivery.- Whites, Blacks,
Murderers, Horse Thieves, Murrel men,
Runaways and all, broke jail in this city
last night ad are off,

Jacksonville, Feb. 2.





EMAINING in the Post Office at Jac
sonville, Duval County, on the. 30
Sept. 1835-and if not taken out in thr
months, they will be sent to the General Po
Office as Dead Letters.


In this place, on Thursday last, Florida,
youngest child of W. J. Mills, Esq.


Sarah A. Broward,
Mary Broward,
John Broward,
William Blount,
M. Bowroson,
Edgar S. Barrows,
C. A. L. Boliver,
Oran Baxter,
Nancy Bellamy,
Eliza Bellamy,
Arthur Burney.
C -
Rachel Christe,
George Colt. 2
Wm. S. Donaldson.
Chandler S. Emory.
Col. Fleming, 3
Charles E. Flinn,
Josiah Fogg.
D. S. Gardiner,
Josiah Gates.
Joshua Hickman,
Reubin Hogans,
Charlotte Hall,
Isaiah D. Hart, 3
Clerk Super. Court. 4
Joseph B. Lancas-
ter, 3

Thomas T. Moody.
M. E. J. North,
Russell Ormon.
Neil McPherson,
William Perry,
George Pindarvis.
Henry Reilly,
Francis Richard, 3
William B. Ross,
John Rose,
Robert Robinson,
John or Jonathan
Edward H. Sams, 3
Gurney Smith, 2
Benandina Sanchez,
D. Sanchez,
Micajah Simmons,
]Vary Smith,
Caroline Searse.
Jane Tucker, 2
Sarah Tucker.
Thomas Underwood.
George Waltom, 3
Andrew Welch, 2
Gabriel Waters,
John T. Williams,
Charles Willey,
Timothy Wightman.


24-Steamer Florida, Hubbard, from Sa-
22-Sloop Northern Liberty, Robinson, 11
days from Philadelphia.
23-George & Mary, Willey, for Charles-
The Schr. Tuscarora, Lydleman, up at N.
York on the 5th inst. for St. Augustine.

HE Subscriber respectfully informs the
Public, that he has just returned from
New York, with an entire new and full as-
sortment of Dry Goods, Hardware and Cut-
lery, Shoes and Hats, Groceries and Provi-
sions, Drugs and Medicines, Crockery and
Glass Ware. And hopesby his attention, to
merit a share of their patronage, and assures
them, that his Goods willbe sold at a reason-
able price for Cash, or in barter for country
produce. HI. H. PHILIPS.
N. B.-CAsH paid for C0tton, Hides, Deer
Skins, Tallow, Beeswax, 4eoss, &c,
Jacksonville, Nov. 20. 40tf


Having chosen a permanent location at
Jacksonville, Dural County,
0T DR. ALDRICH may be found at Mr. I.
D. Hart's, and will be ready at all hours to
attend to calls.
Dec. 16, 1835. 42tf

HE Subscriber has just received from
New York, a full supply of Fall and
Winter Goods, consisting of
120 barrels best Canal Flour,
100 half do do do
75 bbls Pilot Bread,
30 do Irish Potatoes,
20 hhds New England Rum,
4000 lbs Bacon,
4000 do best Soap,
10 quintals Cod Fish,
20 kegs Goshen Butter,
40 bags best Coffee,
Mess & Prime Pork, Molaises, Sugar, Rice,
Mackerel, White Beans, Rum, Brandy, Hol-
land and American Gin, Irish Whiskey,
Wines, Porter, Lemon Syrup, &c. &c.
A large assortment of Dry Goods-Boots
& Shoes, Crockery, Glass, Stone, Hard and
Hollow wares, &c. &c.
Cotton Bagging, Twine, Rope, &c.
All of which will be sold at the lowest cash
prices. M. K. PINCKSTON.
Jacksonville, Nov. 19, 1835. 39tf

NOTICE is hereby given, that a meeting
of the Stockholders of the East Florida
Rail Road Company, will be held on the first
Monday of February, 1836, at 3j o'clock, P.
M. at No. 1, Commercial Wharf, in the City
of Boston, to choose Directors for the year
ensuing, agreeably to the act of incorporation.
SAM'L S. LEWIS, President.
Boston, Nov. 24, 1835. 42

Thomas Moody, 2 Henry young.

John Lawton.
William Morgan,
David McKees. 2

L'I THE fine fast sailing Schr. S3-
LUD3, JoHN M. HELmE, Master,
A &--will sail for the above port on or
about the 1st of next month.
For freight or passage, having good accom-
modations, apply to the Captain on board, at
Mandarin, or Thomas D. Dexter at Jackson-
Jacksonville, Dec. 24,1835. 44wl

S hereby given to all persons, that the
Commanding Officers of the different
Guard Stations, have strict orders to arrest
and detain utinder guard, all slaves and free
colored persons found at large, except in
the actual service and in company with
their owner or overseer.
Persons are therefore requested to gov-
ern themselves accordingly.
Col. 4th Regt. F. M.
Jacksonville, Dec. 8, 1835.

HE Subsbscriber has just received from
New York and Charleston, per Schr.
George and Mary, a full assortment of
which he offers for sale at the lowest cash
[CT The highest price paid for all kinds of
produce-such as Cotton, Moss, Hides, Furs,
&c. &c. H. LIBBEY.
Black Creek, Nov. 19,1835. 39tt
[3 H. Libbey having been appointed aFent
for the Schr. George & Mary, he will attend
to the receiving of all kinds of freight to or
from Charleston. $
y- ~

A antly situated, and healthy, on the St.
Johns' river, in Duval county) Florida, four
miles above the growing town of Jackson-
ville, containing .500 acres, of which one half
(250 acres) is good planting land, in a com-
pact body, and under fence. It has a good
Dwelling House, with all the other necessary
buildings required on a Plantation. Those
who wish to purchase, can call on JOSIAH
GATES, who is on the place and will aid
them in an examriration of Jhe premises.-
They will have a view of the present crop,
and from himn, or-the subscriber at St. Mary's,
Georgia, may obtain the terms of sale.
Jacksonville, Aug. 17. 4w3l

shall make application to the next Coun-
ty Court of Columbia county, (which will
be held on the first Monday in April next)
for a division of the cattle of ABEL G. LO-
PER, late of said county deceased; all per-
sons having claims against said cattle will
render in their accounts on or before that
Dec. 4,)1835. 3m42

T HE Subscribers intend establishing on
the first November, a branch of their
House in Charleston, S. C. for the transac-
tion of Factorage and Commission Business,
under the firm of W. KING & Co. to be con-
ducted by their partner W. King, and would
respectfully offer their services in both the
cities of Charlestcn and Savannah, to their
friends and the. public.
R1 & W. KING.
Savannah, Oct. 5, 1835., 2w39

SIX weeks after date, I will apply to the
Hon. the Judge of the County Court of
Duval county, for letters of administration on
the estrte of CH.ARLES HO YT, late of said
county, deceased. JOSIAH FOGG.

$100 REWARD.
E SCAPED from the Jail of Monroe Coun-
ty, Southern District of Florida, a pris-
oner by the name of J.MES S. SIMONDS,
who was committed to my custody on three
indictments found by the grand jury of said
County, on the several charges of murder,
piracy, and larceny, and made his escape by
means of false keys on the night of the 14th
inst. He is a native of New'Hartford, (Con.)
a mariner, and has been for several years in
command of trading and wrecking vessels,
and at one time commanded the Schr. Lydia
of Philadelphia. He is about thirty years of
age, five feet five or six inches high, has a
down cast guilty look, dark sallow complex-
ion, but from close confinement for several
months had become somewhat pale, has are-
markable scar on his head and some scars
about his face. He is well known in New
York where his wife's connexions reside.
I will give the above reward if he is secur-
ed in any Jail in the United States, or the
same reward with all reasonable expenses if
delivered to me at Key West.
Key West, July 25, 1835.

Dec. 10, 1835. 6w42

ALL persons having claims against the
estate of the late JOHN F. BROWN de-
ceased, and all persons indebted to said' es-
tate, are requested to present their claims and
make payment of their debts, to F. J. JUD-
soN of St. Marys, Geo. or J. G. BKowN of
New Orleans, Executors.
F. J. JUDSON, Executor.
Dec. 3d, 1835. 41tf

]JIAMES H. COOKE, No. 100, Broadway,
SNew York, offers for sale every kind and
quality of Sofas-Sideboards-Secretaries-
Book Cases-Tables of all descriptions-
Chairs of every quality-High, post and
French Bedsteads of Mahogany and Maple-
Hair and Moss Mattrasses--Feather Beds-
Looking Glasses-Carpets-and a full as-
sortment of every thing necessary to furnish
a house.
April 7. 3wl5

A GREAT BARGAIN is offered, in the
sale of a New Sugar Mill, from West
Point Foundry; diameter of Centre Roller,
two feet two and a half inches,and two outer
ones, one foot ten and one-fourth inches-
with Iron cogs, points, &c, as also a set of
Kettles from the noted Foundry in Scotland,
known by name of the Carran Foundry, war-
ranted and proof, as malleable Iron. The ca-
pacity of the grand Kettle'is three hundred
gallons, and proportioned, or graduated to
sixty gallons, being four to the set; all of
which, with Coolers, Vats, and a Cistern to
contain thirty hogsheads of Syrup, will be
disposed of, if applied for shortly, for at least
twenty-five per cent below cost.
A line directed to E. B. COX, on Sidon
Plantation, McInlosh County, Georgia, (as
Manager,) will be attended to.
March 12. 4wll
Y An act passed by the Legislative Coun-
cil of this Territory, at its last session
and approved by the Governor, Feb. 14th,
1835, the Subscribers were appointed Com-
missioners to open Books and receive sub-
scription for the stock of a Bank to be loca-
ted in this Town, to be called THE BAJNK
In pursuance of which the Subscribers
hereby give notice, that the Books for Sub-
scription for the tock in said Bank, will be
opened in this Town, at the Counting-Room
of Messrs. Blanchard & Rider, corner ot
Bay and Liberty streets, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
on the fourth day of May next.
Jacksonville, E. F. April 2d, 1835.


The popularity now enjoyed by thisjournal, HE BOSTON PEARL AND LITER-
will be the best guarantee for a careful adhe- ARY GAZETTE.-Volume Fourth.
rence to the means by which it was acquired; Published every week, by
and the patronage hitherto extended towards ISAIC C. PRA Y, Jun.
it, the most flattering encouragement to a The work will be published weekly, each
perseverance in the same course, number containing eight large quarto pages
New York, August 16. -equal to sixty duodecimo pages-of miscel-
I laneous'and original matter, printed on supe-
GREAT NATIONAL WORK. rior white paper, with perfectly new type. A_
AMERICAN MAGAZINE handsome title page and correct index will
Of useful and Entertaini Knowlede to be il be furnished, and the work at the end of the
Of useful andEntertang Knowledge, to year, will form an excellently printed volume
lustrated by numerous Engravings. of four hundred and sixteen pages, equal to.
BY THE BOSTON BEWICK COMPANY. three thousand duodecimo pages.
HE success which has attended the pub- The volume will contain twenty-six pieces
location of the best Magazines from the of music for the Piano Forte, &c. equal to0
English Press, has led to preparations for is- one hundred of common sheet music, which
suing a periodical more particularly adapted could not be purchased separately for less
to the wants and taste of the American pub- than five dollars; and the publisher is deter-
lic. While it will be the object of the pro mined to procure the simple rather than the
prietors to make the work strictly what its complex and difficult.
title indicates, it will, nevertheless, contain Although the publisher places no depen-
all articles of interest to its patrons, which dance whatever, in the support of it, as a lite-
appear in foreign Magazines. rary paper, from its engravings, yet there will
Extensive preparations have been entered be presented occasionally, plates from copper
into, both with Artists and Authors, to fur- and wood of beautiful workmanship and fin-

nish, from all parts of the Union, drawings ish. Already have appeared a beautifully
and illustrations of every subject of interest, engraved portrait of James Fenimore Cooper,
which the publishers confidently believe will executed on steel, and a chaste vignette title
enable them to issue a work honorable to its page, engraved on copper.
title and acceptable to the American People. Its contents will be various and spirited, as.
The American Magazine is published there will be a general record of Occurren
monthly-each number containing between ces, Statistics, Obituary notices, &c. &c. in
forty and fifty imperial octavo pages, at, Two addition to the Tales, Legends, Essays, Tray-
DOLLARS per annum, payable in advance, selling, Literary, Fugitive and Historical
It comprises-Portraits and Biographical Sketches, Biography, Poetry, &c. making an
Sketches of distinguished Americans; Views elegant paper for the parlor, and for the lover
of Public Buildings, Monuments, and im- of polite literature, as contributions will be
provements; Landscape scenery-the bound- secured from some of the most popular Ame-
less variety and beauty of which, in this rican authors.
country, will form an unceasing source of in- The work will be printed as. well, and con-
struction and gratification; Engravings and tainn as, much reading matter as any similar
descriptions of the character, habits, &c. of quarto, paper now published in the United'
Birds, Beasts, Fishes, and Insects, together States; and it can safely and truly be called:
with every subject connected with the Geo- the cheapest journal of the kind.
graphy, History, Natural and Artificial re- TFRms-Three dollars per annum, as the-
sources of the country, illustrated in a familiar paper is firmly established-to be, paid in ad-
and popular manner, vance. Two dollars for six months, to be?
Boston Bewick Company. paid in advance.
No. 47, Court Street. Boston, 1834. 1
gy Editors of Newspapers throughout the J A OA
United States, who will publish the foregoing JOHN A. SILLOWAY, .
Prospectus, and notice the contents of the Real Estate and Merchandize Broker, No. 26,.
Magazine from time to time, shall be entitled Exchange-street, Boston, Mass..
to the first volume. -" rILL attend to the selling and buyling-
Any person remitting the Agent, by mail, WV of Real Estate, in every part of the
post paid, Ten Dollars, shall receive six United States. People desirous of emigit-
copies for one year-and continued as long Ing from one part of the Union to another,.
as the money is regularly forwarded, can always receive correct information:by
A liberal price will be paid for appropriate applying at his office. He will receive, orders:
and well written articles, or drawings, illus- for various kinds of Merchandize, delivered
trative of national subjects, possessing in- 'at any part of the Union. Communications
terest. .Subs'criptions received at this office, addressed to him will be promptly attended'
Dec. 25, 1834 1 ito. Jan. 1, 1835.

TallahasseU, March 8th, 1835.
B Y an act pas d 21st November, 1829, it
is providedthat all Bonds executed by
Auctioneers, shallbe forwarded by the Judge
of the County Court to the Treasurer of the
Territory of Florida; and thatall Auctioneers
shall quarterly in each year commencing on
the 1st of January, transmit to the Treasurer
under oath, take before some Judge, a copy
of alLsale effectela by him, with the amount
and at what time and place, and for whom
the same was made. Now, all Auctioneers
are required to take notice of said law, and
conform to it, or suits upon their Bonds must
be instituted. Judges of the County Courts
are requested withoutt delay, to forward,
droperly certifiedtand approved, the Bonds of
Auctioneers in their possession.
Treasurer of the Territory of Florida.

HE Subscriber offers for sale for cash, or
prime Negroes, or good acceptances,-
the following tract of fine Live Oak ham-
mock land on St. Pablo Creek, bounded as
follows, viz:-on the West by Pablo Creek,
on the North by Winslow Foster's land, on
the East and South by lands of Cornelius
Taylor, containing two hundred and thirty-
three acres. For particulars apply to
I. D. HART, or
Jacksonville, Jan. 22. 4tf

SLL persons indebted to the subscriber,
S either by Note or Book account, are re-
quested to settle the same without delay; and
no credit will be given at my store after the
Jacksonville, lMIarch 3. 110tf

for twenty mornings to come."



1 _

perceived poor Pat Roenan, slowly and
apparently with much fatigue, forcing his
way through the water. The first surprise
was over, all hastened to give assistance;
and with no little difficulty, this "dead
alive" was hoisted on the deck. "Why,
sir," says Pat, blowing and sputtering at
intervals, and seemingly scarcely able to
articulate, it was too bad-to leave a poor
fellow-kicking-his heels in the-middle
of the Atlantic; if it had'nt been for this
blessed calm-I'd have come up with the
old ship." Here Pat sat exhausted upon a
carronade; but he chuckled in his sleeve
when he saw the captain's steward bring-
ing a glass of brandy to revive him. Pat's
impudence, and his invariable reply to all
direct and indirect question put to him on
the subject, "sure I never had such a swim
in my born days, if it had'nt been for the
calm, I'd never have got on board again,"
carried him well through; and the boldness
of his unwavering asseverations staggered
his messmates into a half belief of the sto-
Time wore on, and the Rockingham ar-
rived safely at her anchorage in Bombay
harbor. Like all other nine day wonders,
Pat's adventure had ceased to be remem-
bered, when Capt. Graham dining on shore
With the commander of another vessel in
the roads, the conversation turned upon
swimming, and the great power in the wa-
l ter which a black man on board the latter
gentleman's ship displayed. Pat Roenan
and his adventure occurred to Capt. Gra-
- ham. When the wine is in, the wit is
South and considerable bets were laid by
I the two gentlemen upon the result of a tri-
Sal of the powers of the two seamen. The
next morning was named for the match.-
- Pat Roenan was summoned to the quarter
Y deck, and told what was expected from
Shim, and that it was arranged the two men
e should swim directly out to sea, with at-
, tending boats to pick them up when ex-
e hausted. Though a good swimmer, Pat
1 well knew he was no match for the black,
n and he trembled at the consequences of a
s discovery of his deception; still he trusted
" that his native impudence would again
save him. And so it did. The story of
- the bet had got wind-the beach was
, crowded with people--the boat were
! manned-the swimmers stript, and just
" about to make the plunge, when Pat ex-
d exclaimed, "avast there, brother! heave to
n for a minute, will ye!" He went to his
e own ship's boat and took from it a large
" and well filled bag, which he slowly and
d deliberately began to lash to his back.--
o "Hallo!" cried the gazing black,' "what
d you got dere ?" Grub, to be sure, you
l nigger! you don't suppose I'm such a
o greenhorn as to go to sea on a cruise with-
- out laying in a stock of provisions ?" Why
s. how long you going to swim ?" How can
Y I tell, you black squall, how long we shall
g be out ; it won't be less than a week, any
- how," said Pat, with the greatest coolness.
f He knew his man; nothing could induce
h the black to swim ; Pat came off with fly-
n ing colors, muttering to himself, Och, an:
e it would be a quare thing if I couild'nt
' bother a nigger, when I chated my own
o captain."

t- An individual who had a large number
i- of apprentices, used to feed them day after
n day with bean-porridge for dinner. He
e was accustomed without letting his "boys'
e know it, to take all the beans out of th(
; dish for his family, who dined in a separate
is room, and then send the porridge into th(
I. kitchen for them to dine upon. One day
y as the master was passing through th(
d kitchen at the dinner hour, he was surprise
l- ed to see one of his apprentices, a stou
p looking fellow, upon entering, take off hi,
d coat, throw it aside, and stripping up hi;
a shirt-sieves, march up to the soup-dish
t, like one bent upon performing some grea
I- feat-"Well, Tom, now what are you s<
t" furious about?" "Nothing, Sir! only
t- had some idea of making a dive into thi
d porridge, to see if I could bring out a bean!'
n A testy old gentleman was incessantly
ie pestered by his neighbors, with enquirie
id after his health. At last losing all patience
in with the.most assiduous of these enquiries
!" "'Tell your master," said he to a servant
th with my compliments, that I am pretty)
to well this morning, and shall continue s(

















THE SUBSCRIBER, having purchased
The Southern .griculturalist from its late
Editor and proprietor, Mr. John D. Legare,
jolicits the support of the friends of Agricul-
ture, and of the interests connected withA it
throughout the Southern States. He, has
publishedd this work for Mr. Legare from its
commencement, in the year 1828, and he is
us practically acquainted with the mode in
vhich it should be conducted. Its publica-
tion will be continued on the same terms and
In the same manner as heretofore with such
improvements as his experience may suggest.
As the subscriber is solicitous to make this
Journal the'vehicle for dissemminating ueful
information, not only with regard to estab-
lished systems of husbandry, but also expert '
mental efforts in AgricultIre and Horticul-
ture, he invites free and unrestricted commu-
nication from all persons occupied in these,
pursuits. Let no one imagine that solitary
facts or isolated experiments are too trivial to
be communicated.. All systematic knowl-
edge is but the aggregate of humble particu-
lars; and Science, in every department, -is
brought to perfection, not through the instru-
mentality of a single exrraordinarymind, but
by the contribution of particulars by many
individuals, and generally after the lapse of"
many years, he is desirous, therefore, to have
as many facts to record as can be furnished ;.
and from the planter, who is systematic in
his experimental labors, an account of his
failures as well a his successful efforts, will
be acceptable. If the last are worthy of being
recorded that they may be imitated, the first
should be noted in order to be shunned.
The subscriber hopes that this appeal to his
fellow citizens of the South, will not be in
vain. It would be a reproach to our Planters
to meet the fate of the Southern Review. Of
the last it may be justly said, that it was suf-
fered to fall, when it was not only rearing for
us a well merited fame as a literary people,.,
but it was also vindicating the Southern hab-
its from the unjust aspersions which have
been so liberally bestowed upon us out of our
section of country. The 14 Southern Agri--
culturalist" in some measure supplies the
place of the Southern Review, so far as re-
gards the circumstances last alluded to. If
serves as a Register not only of methods of
Husbandry, but also of facts relating to our
system of Slavery. The subjects of the deci-
pline, the treatment, the characters of our
Slaves, are fairly suited to its pages, and
constitute topics as interesting and important
as any which can engage either our own at--
tention or the attention of those abroad, who
feel a legitimate interest ,in our concerns.
The subscriber begs leave, in conclusion,
to remark, that if he had not undertaken to
continue the publication of this Periodical, it,
most probably, would have been either re-
.moved from our city, or been .suspended.
Whetherit will be inhis power to continue it,
will depend not only on the Pecuniary but
the Literary Contributions of Southern Plan
ters. He confidently now leaves this matter
in their hands, feeling a full assurance that
there is wanting on the part of our Planters,
neither the liberality nor mental energies ne-
cessary to sustain the Southern Agriculturist.
A. E. MILLER, Publisher.
Charleston, S. C. Dec. 1, 1834.
Persons desirous of subscribing can apply
to W. T. WILLIAMS, Savannah, or at this
office. 8


I'1 tell the tale as 'twas told me."
The Rockingham, outward bound East
Indiaman, was skimming along before a
freshning breeze which had just begun to
ruffle the broad bosom of the Atlantic; ev-
ery stitch of canvass was set, and joy sat
smiling on the countenances of all at the
prospect of soon escaping from the regions
of calms and variable winds, when sudden-
ly a seaman engaged about the rigging, lost
his hold and fell overboard. "Put the
helm down!" shouted the officer of the
watch, "a man overboard! Aft here, cut-
ters ; clear away the boat!" In one mo-
ment all was bustle and excitement; small
sails flapping in the wind, studding-sail
booms cracking, tacks and halyards let go
by the run.
The ship flew rapidly up in the wind,
the main-braces were let go, and the main-
yard swung back. The cutters were low-
ering the boat, when.,puddenly came the
orders, "keep all fast 'tis too late! Port,
quartermaster, keep the ship on her course!
After guard, brace up the main-yard!"-
and these promptly and actively obeyed,
soon the vessel moved on in the even ten-
or of her course. All was silence and
gloom, for poor Pat Roenan was a univer-
sal favorite.
Meanwhile, however, the cause of all
this commotion was quietly perched upon
the rudder, patiently waiting upon some
friendly hand to render him assistance.-
The officer of the deck had seen him go
down under the ship's quarter, and looked
in vain for his xe-appearance, of having
risen under the counter, and, being a gooc
swimmer, instantly and instinctively strik.
ing out for the rudder-chains, Pat loudly
shouted for help, but, amid the noise and
confusion which prevailed, his cries wer
unheard. Being a bold and active fellow
and not gifted with much patience, hE
made a spring for one of the gun-roon
ports, which, in tropical latitudes, are ofier
kept open to give air to the various stcreE
the room contains, and once more succeed
ed in getting on board.
Tired with his exertions, he seated him
self for a moment, after looking around
what a tempting spectacle presented itself
On one side was a tin, box of the best bis
cuts, on the other an open case of bottle'
ale. Pat looked long and wishfully at then
both, weighing the enjoyment against tb
probable consequences; at last," here goes,'
said he, dipping his hand into one, am
taking a bottle from the other, and in tw
minutes a 'quart of the best Hodgson ha(
changed masters. He soon began to fee
its powerful effects, butibefore yielding t
them contrived to stagger to a dark corn
er, and to lie down between two packages
Here he slept soundly, and unobserved bI
the gunner when he went his evening,
rounds, till the shrill sound of the boat
swain's pipe awakened him to a sense o
his situation, and the discipline to which
he had subjected himself; but the common
boardship saying, "swallow a tooth of th
dog that bite you," recurred to his recollec
tion; and having in vainendeavored t
stifle his conscience in any other way, h
at length fairly drowned it in another bot
tie of the intoxicating beverage. The con

sequence was another long sleep, froe
which he awoke with all the horrors otth
"cat" hanging over him. But it was tim
to think how to escape from the dilemma
and when an Irishman once fairly sets hi
wits to work, what can he not accomplish
It was broad day. The sun had nearly
attained his meridian, and the smooth an
unruffled sea reflected his beams with a
most intolerable splendour, while the shi
lying perfectly unmanageable, heaving an
rolling heavily with the swell; it was
dead calm. Pat looked out of the por
and bright idea striking him, he proceeds
ed to act upon it. The fear of the "cal
overcame his dread of the sharks, and le
ting himself quietly overboard, he dropped
as far astern as he could without being o!
served by those on deck. It was seve
bells in the forenoon watch; as usual, th
officers were busy "taking the sun," an
laughing and joking with each other, whe
suddenly the cry, "ship ahoy! ship ahoy
arising from the sea, filled every one wit
astonishment and surprise. All rushed t
the tafferel, where, to their dismay, the



WILL run once a week from Savannah
to Picolata, touching at Darien, St.
Mary's, and Jacksonville.
R. &e W. KING,
Agents at Savannah.
Freight payable by shippers. All slave
passengers must be cleared at the Custom-
Conveyances for St. Augustine, in readi-
ness at Picolata.
July 1, 1835.

HE above company take this method of
informing tha public that they have
purchased two Steamboats, the MACON
and EXCEL, which boats are to run regu-
larly between Darien and Macon, leaving
Darien once every week with two tow boats.
The steamboats will draw only 26 inches of
water with two gooi engines in each. The
company have beer. at great expense to place
this line of steamboats in the Ocmulgee and
Altamaha and river(,would respectfully solicit
the patronage of the public. This line will
be a great facility for merchants who wish to
ship their goods by the way of Savannah or
Darien, to Hawkinsville and Macon or in
shipping Cotton to Savannah. Arrange-
ments have been nade to forward cotton or
goods without detention between Savannah
and Darien.
No exertion or expense will be spared to
give the greatest despatch to goods or cotton
shipped by this line.
Agents for the above boats :
L. BALDWIN & CO. Savannah.
J. GODDARD& Co. Macon.
J. E. & B. DELENo, Charleston.
Dec. 1834. 1

T HE Sunday Morning News has now been
before the public for upwards of three
months, and if any criterion can be drawn
from the number of its patrons and subscrib-
ers, it has met with a flattering acceptance,
and the principles it has been guided by in
its management, have been approved and
sanctioned. Asa consequence of its increas-
ed circulation, its advertising friends have;
come forward in large numbers; and,asitmay
now be considered fairly afloat, and rising on
the tide of public favor, it affords an admira
ble vehicle for the dissemination of such in-
telligence as those engaged in business wish
to communicate to their correspondents and
The number of papers supplied to casual
enquirers, in addition to the regular subscri-
Iers, on Sundays, is very great, and is con-
stantly increasing; which is another proof of
popular approbation, and a sign of the attrac-
tive character of its general and miscellane-
ous contents.
Under these favorable circumstances the
Sunday Morning News will proceed with re-
doubled confidence and energy, in laboring
to gratify the curiosity and taste of the pub-
lic, in all the various items of intelligence
which form the staple of a weekly journal.--
The man of business 'will be sure ,to find
therein the most recent and correct informa-
tion upon the state of the foreign and domes.
tic markets, the current of business, the arri-
val of vessels, and every thing connected
with mercantile affairs; the politician will
meet with a faithful abstract of the move-
ments of parties, with legislative proceedings
here, together with l'details of the political
operations on the continent of Europe, and
every other quarter of the globe : the lover of
varied and diversified reading will find the
means of gratifying-his appetite as copiously
supplied as possible; while the admirers of
literature will be sure to discover something
to suit their tastes, in the choicest extracts
from native and foreign periodicals, and in
the contributions of popular and approved
writers. The tone preserved throughout, will
be that of scrupulous morality, so that the
most fastidious shall have nothing to object
to on this score-and the wish of the proprie-
tor, as it has been and will continue to be his
duty as well as his desire, shall be to unite
in its columns in well arranged and digested
order, all that is sound and elegant in litera-
ture, amusing in art, instructive in the scien-
ces, and necessary for a correct appreciation
of passing events. ,

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