Florida star


Material Information

Florida star
Uniform Title:
Florida star (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Alternate Title:
Florida star news
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Florida star (Jacksonville, Fla.)
The Florida Star Pub. Co.
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 12, no. 13 i.e. 39 (Jan. 6, 1962)-
General Note:
"Florida's statewide black weekly."
General Note:
Publisher: Eric O. Simpson, Feb. 14, 1981-

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 02261130
alephbibnum - 000581378
issn - 0740-798X
oclc - 2261130
lccn - sn 83045218
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida star and news


Material Information

Florida star
Uniform Title:
Florida star (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Alternate Title:
Florida star news
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Florida star (Jacksonville, Fla.)
The Florida Star Pub. Co.
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 12, no. 13 i.e. 39 (Jan. 6, 1962)-
General Note:
"Florida's statewide black weekly."
General Note:
Publisher: Eric O. Simpson, Feb. 14, 1981-

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 02261130
alephbibnum - 000581378
issn - 0740-798X
oclc - 2261130
lccn - sn 83045218
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida star and news

Full Text

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have a

you for
us to
serve you
these 57

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Tuesday and Thursday
from 8:30 to 9:00 pm
The Florida Star and
Impact Striving to Make
a Difference!
Listen live on the Internet

MAC- ARH720 -.50-0 0'

You Hit My Car
Road Rage Man Arrested without Bail

4,joe,7 CChristopher W. Potocki, 2
5^ '-- -.wiShooter
Witness say there was a short confrontation and then shooting

Suspect Arrested in

Murder of 73-year-old
A 73-year-old lady, Odessa Hunt-
McCoy, was stabbed several times,
according to records and found dead in
her home on Eaverson Monday.
I JSO wanted Melonise Alexander for
questioning. She has been located and
arrested, charged with grand theft after
Melonise Mrs. Hunt-McCoy's relative noticed the
suspect had some of the victim's jewel-
ry. Alexander had spent Sunday night at Mrs. McCoy's
home. She was arrested Wednesday after being dis-
charged from Ten Broeck Mental Hospital Wednesday.

- Bang!

It may be uncontrol-
lable temper or social
issues. No one can say
but what is known is
Christopher W. Potocki,
24, was driving on the
Westside and shot two
people after a clash
regarding their vehicles.

YOU Continued on A-6


S has been
Ricky Lester, a f t e r
19 spending
seven months in jail for a
crime he always said he
did not commit. The teen
was arrested during the
summer as the suspect
who had robbed a
Subway on University
Boulevard. All charges
have been dropped.

2008,The Year to be Great

People To Watch

Adkins, Civic
Leader '

Corrine Betty Burney,
Brown, U.S. School Board
Representative Chairman

Ur.** *,,,r aner Fine, iIrse unnaiu
Danford, Ur- WBGA,WGIG, Foy, MADDADS
'ban League WYNR,WMO

Bisnop Lorenzo
Hall, Free &

"Tony" Hill
State Senator

a Jones, W. Randolph
ty Council Lee, CEO
Raven Trans-

Gaffney, City

al I ue Dtty I)avis, riounud 1a l,
Real Estate, Presidents, The
FlaJax and the FlaJills.

Reginald David Garrard,
Gaffney, JAX- Jaguar's
PORT Quarterback

Betty K"e" *j*", U," Edna Johnson,
Holzendorf, JSO, Public Police Chief,
Jacksonville Information Brunswick, Ga

venice Lee, .Pat Lockett
City Council Felder, City

Maiden, WCGL

Glorious .
Johnson, City
Council at


National Baptists Launch New

Insurance Program
Dallas, TX
(BlackNews.com) The
National Baptist
Convention of America,
Inc., headquartered in
Dallas, Texas, announces
a unique life insurance
program, in partnership
with Globe Life and
Accident Insurance
Company. Dr. Stephen J.
Thurston, President of
Dr. Blanton Harper, Jr., Director, NBCA, INC. and Dr.
National Baptist Life Insurance Blanton Harper, Jr., director
Program of the insurance program,
have developed an accountable accessible, and affordable
program for everyone. "This program," says Dr. Harper, "is
not limited to Baptists, bur is a fantastic investment for any-
one who needs to be insured."
Through the National Baptist's life insurance, you can get
an affordable policy that requires no health or medical
The insurance offers up to $20,000 of juvenile insurance
for as little as $2.43 per month ($1.00 pas for the first three
months of the policy) and adults' premiums start as low as
$3.27 per month.
When you get a life insurance policy with National
Baptists Life insurance Program your payments go to help
build new housing in New Orleans on ground purchased by
the National Baptists.
Through this program, the National Baptists will continue
to support over 12 Historically Black Colleges and
You may call 1-888-383-8803 for more information.
Meet Dr. Roy Singleton, Jr.
Issues and Answers The Florida and
Georgia Star.

What Dr. Singleton has to
say is as relevant today as it
was when he said it in the
August 20-26, 1988 issue of
The Florida Star. See Next

Warrant Issued

The Jacksonville Sheriff's Office is
searching for Gary van Tanner, 43,
for the shooting of Christopher
Hemdon, 22 this past Saturday night.
According to records, Herndon was
shot several times and is in critical
condition at Shands Jacksonville.
It is reported that the men knew
Gary Van Tanner, each other through a female in that
43 one of them has a relationship with
the female and the other, who-had a
previous relationship with her, is not pleased.
Because of the situation, the men got into a confronta-
It is believed that van Tanner is driving a tan or gold
Ford 150 pickup truck.
Van Tanner is wanted for attempted murder. You can
help by calling, 8S6-845-TIPS. No identity informa-
tion is required.

More than 1,000 CME Women
in Jacksonville This Week

More than 1500 congregation
are in Jacksonville this week for

the Wom
The Cl
Episcopal C
Bishops are
Dr. Hamb
of this his
Dr. Elnora Palmer which was
Hamb, International The meeting
President of the Jacksonville
Women's Missionary On Thursd
Council. On Thursd2
zation will 1I
will bring everyone out to enjoy th<
Dr. Hamb has received recogniti
ary work by many governments
tions. More C


collegee of
i President
in 1918.
.ng held at
the organi-
iday night
xr mission-
I A-6

Ruaolpn ,.ua
McKissick, Jr. McLaughlin,
Bethel Baptist Florida Star

Jackie Perry,
Beaver Street

Patterson, Ritz

,J~w -
Marsha Phelts Isiah Ru
Author NAACP

MIKKIk Ierry, Joan turner, Tonyaa
Affordable Advocate for Weathersbee,
Lending Seniors Columnist,
Source Editorial Board

Jennifer Carroll

mark pain,
News Anchor

Dr. ulaudette
Edward Waters

People to watch represents all parts of our lives, and
there are more than' shown. The goal is for all of us to
be a part of "something great in 2008."

News Briefs

Civil Rights Activist Johnnie Carr
Ms. Johnnie Carr, who joined childhood, friend
Rosa Parks in the historic Montgomery bus boycott
and became a prominent civil rights activist over the
past half century, has died. She was 97.
Ms. Car died Friday night after suffering a stroke
on February 11, 2008.
Carr succeeded the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. as
president of the Montgomery Improvement
Association in 1967, a post sheheld at her death. A
year after the boycott of city buses in Alabama in
1955, the U. S. Supreme Court struck down racial
segregation on public transportation.

-8- 51069 00151 0

answered =YES, then you ne.e -I

Cek Mo y Sr

I Ii

205 SMA UNIV OF FL (1-1.09
PO BOX 117007
GAINESUILLE FL 32611. 7007

S'UnCruz Ca imps
When you subscribe
(Lim ited, Number)


_ I I II I I .~___LI


MARCH 1, 2008

"Many people don't know
how much community
support can help families,
but I'm one who does.
As a child and a teenager,
my family survived some
Tough times with the help of
many community programs.
I especially thank Blue Cross
-' and Blue Shield of Florida for
supporting our community
then and now. I have a great
job and my employer offers
a Blue Cross and Blue Shield
of Florida health care plan as
4 part of my benefits. I have
been blessed with another
chance in life and I will make
the most of it."

Khristine Gray
Accounting Specialist,
A .-"United Way of Northeast Florida
Blue Cross and Blue Shield
of Florida member since 2005

BlueCross BlueShield
of Florida
An independent Licensee of the
Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association

For costs and complete details about Blue Cross and Blue Shield products, please call 996-9079 to speak with one of our agents.



FA UE A--/


TZIuz1IltA111PAGF ie

MARCH 1. 2008

Faith In Our Community
Schedule of Events and Services >

AFRICAN CHILDREN'S CHOIR, Saturday, March 8th at 8:00
p.m. Times Union Center for the Perofrming Arts- Jacoby Symphony
Hall. $25 single adult, $13 single student. Discounts available for
groups of 15 or more. To purchase tickets, call (904) 346-1636.
Townsend, GA, with Pastors Jerome and Luevene Ellzy. Wednesday
-Friday, March 5, 6 and 7 at 7:00 p.m. Call for directions: 912-832-
GREATER GRANT A.M.E. CHURCH will host a Men's Prayer
Breakfast on Saturday, March 1st at 8:30 a.m. The Speaker is Rev.
Marvin Nash of Friendship Baptist Church of Mayport, FL. The
church is located at 5533 Gilchrist Rd., in Jacksonville.
GREATER GRANT A.M.E. CHURCH invites you to a weekend
of activities to uplift the Word of God, Friday, March 7th at 7:00 p.m.
Gospel songs by Edward Waters College. Saturday, March 8th
Families Fun Day beginning at 10:00 a.m. including a fish fly, along
with free clothes give-a-way. Our Sunday Worship Services will be
March 9th at 7:45 a.m. with our Pastor, Rev. Tony D. Hansberry.
Church School begins at 9:30 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. Service will close
out all the festivities and will feature Rev. John Frank Green of Bethel
A.M.E. Church in Tallahassee, FL.
Listings are due the Tuesday before the next issue. Email
submissions preferred. Send to: info@thefloridastar.com

Happy 70th Birthday Earnestine Taylor
A birthday celebration will be
given for Ernestine Taylor by her
family. She will be honored for
her years of hard work and com-
mitment to Christ and others
through music, singing, poetry,
testimonies and praising God.
Special guests will be Brittany
Wescott and Corliss Smith, 2007
American Idol contestants. Brittany is the niece of Mrs. Taylor.
All friends, family and well wishers are asked to come and par-
ticipate in this joyous occasion on Saturday, March 1st at 2 p.m. at
the True Believers Church of God by Faith, Elder Robert McGriff,
Pastor. Don't miss this treat as we are expecting friends andrela-
tives from Florida, Georgia, Philadelphia, and New York to help
No gifts please, but monetary donations will be accepted for the
building fund of the church in memory of the honoree's parents,
Ernest and Christine Roberts, who were faithful harvest workers.
For more information, call 879-3584 or 757-2116.

Ask Us About Our

If there had been a death Pre-Need
in your family.resrerda.,.
what would you be doing





Since 1988
4409 Soutel Dr. Jacksonille, FL 32208
Tel: (904) 766-9671 Fas: (904) 766-2354

Deborah \West

Alphonso W\est

Jacqueline Y. Bartley

Assembly of God, Inc

(Lane Avenue & I- 10)
Pastor Ceciland Homecoming Sunday Pastor Grry" and
Pauline Wiggins March 9th Kim

"It's Time to Come Home -
You Are Needed"
Special Concert of Music
Message by Pastor Cecil
Dinner on the Grounds
6:00 p.m. Service Conducted by
Pastor Shane & Young Adults
5040 CR 216, Middleburg, FL 291-1426
Sunday School at 9:45 a.m.* Morning Worship at 10:45 a.m.
Wednesday Night at 7:30 p.m.
901 Dilworth Street (912) 882-2309 -
Sunday School at 9:30 a.m.
Sunday Worship and KIDS Church at 10:45 a.m.
Tuesday Prayer Meeting at 7:30 p.m.
Wednesday Service at 7:00 p.m.
5755 Ramona Blvd.
Jacksonville, Florida 32205 (904) 781-9393
Website: www.evangeltempleag.org
Email: evangeltemple@evangeltempleag.org
10:45 am Service Interpreted for Deaf at Central Campus

First African Baptist Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Front view image of First African
Baptist Church from History of the First
I. I.African Baptist Church, From its
-.. .-. Organization, January 20th, 1788, to July
'.-.. 1st, 1888. Including the Centennial
Celebration, Addresses, Sermons, Etc. by
E.K. LoveFirst African Baptist Church, located in
Savannah, Georgia is thought to be the home of the oldest
African-American congregation in North America founded
in 1777 by the African American George Liele. This claim
is contested by a church in Virginia and the Silver Bluff
Church in Aiken County, South Carolina. The church also
operates a museum which displays memorabilia which dates
back to the eighteenth century.
George Leile founded the First Colored Church in 1777
in Savannah Georgia. Liele, a slave, was the first African-
American licensed to preach as a Baptist in Georgia in 1773.
His initial ordination was to preach to slaves on plantations
along the Savannah River, in Georgia and South Carolina.
Upon the death in battle of his master (a British Loyalist) in
1778, Liele made his way to the British-occupied city of
Savannah. Over the next few years, he built a congregation
of African-American Baptists, slave and free, including
David George (Baptist) (one of eight slaves who were bap-
tized and formed a congregation on a plantation in Silver
Bluff, South Carolina) and Andrew Bryan (the church's sec-
ond pastor after Liele and his family sailed with the British
to-Jamaica in 1784). In 1802, the First Colored Baptist
Church spawned two other congregations: Second Colored
Church and the Ogeechee Baptist Church.
The First African Baptist Church was official recognized
on January 20, 1788, at Brampton's bam, (approximately
three miles west of Savannah), by Rev.
Abraham Marshall (a Caucasuian min-
ister) and Jesse Peter (an African-
In IS22. the First Colored Baptist
Church and the Second Colored Baptist
Church recombined and changed its
name to the current name. First African
Baptist Church The congregation con-
strucied a sancmarn facility on Franklin
Square in Savannah. Georgia in the

1st National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.
Classification: Protestant
Orientation: Mainline Baptist*.
Polity: Congregationalist
Origin: September 24, 1895,Atlanta, Georgia
Merge of the Foreign Mission Baptist Convention (org.
1880), the American National Baptist Convention (org.
1886), and the Baptist National Education Convention
(org. 1893)
Separations: The National Baptist Convention of
America, Inc. (separated 1915); the Progressive
National Baptist Convention (separated 1961); the Full
Gospel Baptist Church Fellowship (separated 1992)
Statistics: Congregations 30,000, Members: 6 million
78 Martin Luther King Blvd., St. Augustine

The block of property in the
Lincolnville district is owned
by the Catholic Church and
contains historic buildings
important to St. Augustine's
African-American heritage. It
was part of the Yallaha orange
grove plantation before the
Civil War and was conveyed to the church by the Dumas fam-
ily in 1890.
The first building constructed in 1898 was the school, orig-
inally called St. Cecelia, later St. Benedict. It is the oldest sur-
viving brick schoolhouse in St. Augustine. With a tower and
original wraparound porch, it is a landmark of Victorian archi-
tecture. It was the gift of St. Katharine Drexel, a wealthy
Philadelphia heiress who founded the Sisters of the Blessed
Sacrament for Indians and Colored People and established
more than 60 Catholic parochial schools around the country.
The Sisters of St. Joseph, who came from Le Puy, France, in
1866, operated the school. They were involved in a civil rights
case in 1916, when three sisters were arrested for violating a
1913 Florida law that made it a criminal offense for whites to
teach Black children.
St. Benedict the Moor Church, on the north end of the
property, designed by Savannah architects Robinson and
Reidy, was completed in 1911. The rectory was built in 1915
and housed the Josephite Fathers from Baltimore, who pas-
tored here for many years. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. visited
the rectory in 1964.

BATES, Ms. Josephine, 76,
died February 23, 2008.
BRACY, Pastor Vernon,
died February 22, 2008.
BROOKS, .Dorothy, died
February 22, 2008.
BROWN, Ann, died
February 25, 2008.
BROWN, Sharon, died
February 23, 2008.
BYRD, Frank, 63, died
February 20, 2008.
DAVIS, Daisy A., 94, died
February 22, 2008.
DEAN, Vaunita G., died
February 20, 2008.
Alphonso West Mortuary,
DRUMMOND, Phelercia,
died February 24, 2008.
EDWARDS, Alonzo, died
February 22, 2008.
FELTON, Lindsey, died
February 25, 2008.
GRAHAM, James C., Jr.
died February 20, 2008.
GUTIERREZ, Demetrio,
21, died February 21, 2008.
died February 26, 2008.
HURST, Infant Mikai D.,
died February 22, 2008.
IRVING, Henry, died
February 23, 2008.
JACKSON, lia Mae, died
February 25, 2008.
LaPOINTE, Anne, 74,
died February 20, 2008.

McIVER, Jean, 66, died
February 21, 2008.
MORGAN, Gloria, M.,
died February 21, 2008.
NIMMONS, Junious, died
February 24, 2008.
PAYGE, Frances, died
February 24, 2008.
Girl Anivea L., died
February 19, 2008.\
PHOENIX, Dameon A.,
died February 26, 2008.
ROBINSON, Ernest J.,
died February 23, 2008.
SANDERS, Sha Jean L.,
died February 25, 2008.
SMITH, Rosa E., died
February 23, 2008.
STEVENS, Bernadine,
died February 21, 2008.
WALKER, Inez, died
February 20, 2008.
WALKER, Lillie Mae,
died February 24, 2008.
WRIGHT, Willie L., 51,
died February 20, 2008.
Damian J., died February
22, 2008.


CROSS, James Otis, 69,
died February 25, 2008.
He was a resident of
Brunswick, GA.

Wallace A. Rayfield, formally edu-
cated at Howard, Pratt, and
Columbia Institutes, was the first
practicing Black architect in
Alabama and America's second
Black architect. He taught at
Tuskegee Institute under president
Booker T. Washington, 1899-1908.
After teaching, Mr. Rayfield opened
his first architectural office in the
Town Square at Tuskegee. Wallace
A. Rayfield was most noted first for
his church designs, but, also
schools and barns.





The Church Directory
"Come and Worship With Us"

New Bethlehem Missionary Baptist Church
1824 Prospect Street Jacksonville, FL 32208
Sunday School ...............................9:30 a.m.
Sunday Morning Worship .......................11:00 a.m. -
Youth Church 2nd & 3rd Sundays
(Old Sanctuary).................................... 11:00 a.m i .
Tuesday Prayer Meeting...................... 7:30 p.m. i
Tuesday Pastoral Bible Study ................ 8:00 p.m.
Rev. Eric Lee, Pastor
Rev. Joe Calhoun, Pastor Emeritus -
(904) 764-5727 Church 'J-r- ,.

Historic Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church
W orship Service................................................................. 10:00 a.m .
Church School........................................................... ....... 8:45 a.m .
Fulfillment Hour Bible Study............................................... 6:30 p.m.
Every 2nd & 4th Thursday............................10:00 a.m.-12:00 Noon
Joy Explosion Ministry....................................................... 6:30 p.m.
201 East Beaver St. (904) 355-9475
Rev. F.D. Richardson Jr,, Pastor

Mount Sinai Missionary Baptist Church
2036 Silver Street Jacksonville, FL 32206
Rev. R. L. Gundy, Pastor
J L (904) 354-7249 Church
Bible Power Enrichment Hour
Sunday School.........................9:15 10:15 a.m.
Baptism-Praise & Worship
(Sanctuary)........................................ 10:30 a.m.
Youth Church-2nd & 3rd Sundays
Fellowship Hall.............................10:30 a.m.
Wednesday, Noonday Prayer.........................................1....12 Noon
Inspiration Wednesday Worship Service................6:00-8:00 p.m.
Prayer Meeting & Bible Study, Youth Bible Study & Activities

"The Church Where Everybody Is Somebody"
Bishop Lorenzo Hall., Pastor
Street Address: 723 W. 4th St. Jacksonville, Florida 32209
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 3575, Jacksonville, Florida 32206
Church Telephone: (904) 359-0661 Home: (904) 358-8932 Cell: 710-1586
Sunday School........................................... ............................... 9:30 a.m.
M morning W orship.......................................... .............. ...............11:00 a.m .
Tuesday. ................... Prayer Meeting & Bible Study,7:00 p.m.
Thursday......................................... ............................. Joy N ight,7:00 p.m .
"Email: Gospell75@aol.com
,' Website: GreaterelbetWl.org -

"Jesus Loves Sinners Church Folk Don't"
Elder Joseph Rice

Sunday School --------------- 10:00 a.m.
Sunday Worship ------------------------12:00 Noon & 7:00 p.m.
Bible Study -- ----------Tuesday & Friday----- 7:00 p.m.

(912) 267-6395 (912) 996-4864 Cell
2705 MLK Blvd., Brunswick, GA 31520


MARCH 1, 2008


TEL: (904) 766-8834
FAX: (904) 765-1673
(912) 264-6700 Georgia
Serving St. Johns, Clay, Duval, Nassau, Alachua,
Flagler, Marion. Mclntosh, Camden And Glynn

The Florida Star Newspaper is an
independent newspaper published
weekly in Jacksonville, Florida

*One Year-$35.00
Send check or money order
with subscription amount to:
The Florida Star,
P.O. Box 40629,
Jacksonville, Florida 32203
The Florida Star will not be responsible for
the return of any solicited
or unsolicited manuscripts or photos.
Opinions expressed by columnists in this
newspaper do not necessarily represent the
policy of this paper.
Florida Press Association
National Newspaper Association
National Newspaper
Publishers Association
Amalgamated Publisher, Inc.
Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce
First Coast African American
Chamber of Commerce

-To reach The Florida Star
via electronic mail:
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Publishers Association

eIC 0 UN C Lii

Founded In April 1951 By Eric O. Simpson -
First African American Inducted Into
The Florida Press Hall Of Fame

Obama Fever Hits Europe

Photos Cheryl Coward/The Florida Star.

Europeans of all colors are ecstatic at the thought of
Barack Obama becoming the first black president. In
France, thoughts of "le premier president noir," have
resulted in his image even showing up in subway sta-
tions. There was a Parisian forum on the possibility of
his presidency in on February 19 called "Barack Obamq,
the New American Dream?"
In Spain, the frenzy the possibility of "el primer pres-
idente negro" is no less prevalent. He is on the cover of .
magazines and on the tongues of Spaniards who are also
in the midst of a national election cycle.


- lm 0 a -A
e da e e e -eim

"Copyrighted Material

Syndicated Content

Available from Commercial News Providers"

e -

C e


B:; I
- c-8 U

Le nouveau rdve americain?
Barack Obama poster at Les Halles Metro station in
Paris, France, February 2008.

Obama on the cover of Spanish version of Esquire
magazine at a magazine stand in the historic
Barcoleneta neighborhood of Barcelona, Spain on the
night of the Spanish presidential debate, February 25.




F -.- ..~-,-ws,-~effin ~.....

Advertising Deadline:
TUESDAYS @ 5 p.m.
To place an ad:
CAII: (904) 766-8834
FAX: (904) 765-1673



Business Black History Maker

Abraham Lincoln Lewis, Founder of Afro-

American Life Insurance Company

Abraham Lincoln
Lewis (1865 1947)
founded one of the most
successful black business
in the state, the Afro-
American Life Insurance
Company in 1901. It is the
oldest life insurance com-
pany in Florida. It is cur-
rently located at 101 E.
Union Street which it
began occupyingin 1956.
Thousands of blacks
have benefitted from the
presence of the company
as it was a center of the
black financial communi-
ty and had close ties with
the mutual benefit soci-
eties and the black church.

On Moncrief Road
there is the A.L. Lewis
Mausoleum in Memorial
Cemetary which was built
for his family. Lewis was
born poor in Madison,
Florida and moved to
Jacksonville at the end of
the civil war with his fam-
He started out as a shoe
store owner after working
in a lumber mill for many
years and saving his
money to, buy the shop.
He began his insurance
company after joining six
other blacks in investing
$100 each to establish the
business that would cater

specifically to providing
low-cost health and burial
insurance to blacks.
He was Florida's first
black millionaire and his
wealth allowed him to
engage in many philan-
thropic activities includ-
ing scholarships for poor
black students. He was
also a founder of the
Negro Business League,
the Negro Insurance
Association and the
American Beach commu-
nity.. The A.L. Lewis
Center on Ribault Scenic
Drives contains a Great
Floridian plaque in his

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PAP4- H SA MRH1.20

You Continued from A-1
Witpess advised the officers that it all started when the 2000 Ford Mustang cut
off the 1989 Mercury. Later, the driver of the Mercury started talking loud to the
driver of the Mustang. At that point, Christopher Potocki, 24, who was driving the
Mustang, began shooting at Nathaniel Harrison, 23, who was driving the Mercury.
Harrison was shot four times and his passenger, William Perry 23, was shot once.
Everyone was trying to get an understanding of why this was happening and soon
realized it was just road rage and the men did not know each other.
This senseless incident caused the area of 103rd and Ricker to be closed for about
two hours.
Harrison and Perry were taken to the hospital. Potocki, who had received no
injuries, waited until the police arrived and was arrested .

More Continued from A-1

For the past four years under Dr. Hamb's leadership, the Women's Missionary
Council has embarked on a journey to empower and educate women on the impor-
tance of preventive health practices and healthy nutritional lifestyles. Realizing that
AIDS is the leading cause of death for black women ages 25-34 years, according to
the CDC and currently in the U.S., and that there are over 260K people infected who
do not know that they are infected, she has become a formidable force in the "1 in a
Million" campaign a national grass roots call to action for 1 million Black
Americans to get screened for HIV by December 1, 2008 (World AIDS Day). She
has also joined forces with A Balm in Gilead, to address HIV and Cervical Cancer;
Bread for the World, which addresses domestic and global hunger; and World Vision,
which addresses global poverty and its related issues through the child sponsorship


A way you can help our youth today. You don't need a
college degree, you just need to care.

Show you care. Talk with them.
Encourage them.
Love them.

I want a One Year Subscription to The Florida or Georgia Star! Please donate 10% of my paid I
Subscription to the church or non-profit organization listed below.

Please send my Subscription to:
STATE Zip Code ,-
Name Of Organization: ____
( ) 6 Months -$20.00
() Year-$35.00 () 2 Years $67.00
The Florida/Georgia Star
24 hor al,7dyIeky

P.O. Box 40629
Jacksonville, FL 32203-40629
Cash, Check, Money Order
or Credit Card Accepted.
---------------- ----------------------------------------------------


Read this and make a copy for your files in case you need to refer to it
someday. Maybe we should all take some of his advice! A corporate Attorney
sent the following out to the employees in his company.

1. Do not sign the back of your credit cards. Instead, put 'PHOTO ID

2.. When you are writing checks to pay on your credit card Accounts, DO
NOT put the complete account number on the 'For' line. Instead, just put the
last four numbers. The credit card company knows the rest of the number, and
anyone who might be handling your check as it passes through all the check
processing channels won't have access to it.

3.. Put your work pho! ne # on your checks instead of your home Phone. If
you have a PO Box use that instead of your home address. If you do not have
a PO Box, use your work address. Never have your SS# printed on your checks.
(DUH!) You can add it if it is necessary. But if you have It printed, anyone
can get it.

4.. Place the contents of your wallet on a photocopy machine. Do both
sides of each license, credit card, etc. You will know what you had in your
wallet and all of the account number s and phone numbers to Call and cancel.
Keep the photocopy in a safe place. I also carry a Photocopy of my passport
when I travel either here or abroad. We've all heard horror stories about
fraud that's committed on us in stealing a Name, address, Social Security
number, credit cards.

Unfortunately, I, an attorney, have firsthand knowledge because my Wallet
was stolen last month. Within a week, the thieves) ordered an Expensive
monthly cell phone package, applied for a VISA credit card, had A credit
line approved to buy a Gateway computer, received a PIN number From DMV to
change my driving record information onl ine, and more. But here's some
critical information to limit the damage in case this happens to you or
someone you know:

5.. We have been told we should cancel our credit cards immediately. But
the key is having the toll free numbers and your card Numbers handy so you
know whom to call. Keep those where you can find them.

6.. File a police report immediately in the jurisdiction where your credit
cards, etc., were. stolen. This proves to credit Providers you were diligent,
and this is a first step toward an Investigation (if there ever is one).

But here's what is perhaps most important of all: (I never even thought to
do this.)

7.. Call the 3 national credit reporting organizations Immediately to
place a fraud alert on your name and also call the Social Security fraud
line number. I had never heard of doing that until advised by a bank that
called to tell me an application for credit was made over The Internet in my
name. The alert means any company that checks your Credit knows your
information was stolen, and they have to contact you by Phone to authorize
new credit.

By the time I wa s advised to do this, almost two weeks after the theft,
all the damage had been done. There are records of all the Credit checks
initiated by the thieves' purchases, none of which I knew about before
placing the alert. Since then, no additional damage has been done, and the
thieves threw my wallet away this weekend (someone turned it in). It seems
to have stopped them dead in their tracks..

Now, here are the! numbers you always need to contact about your wallet,
etc., has been stolen:

1.) Equifax: 800-525-6285

2.) Experian (formerly TRW): 888-397-3742

3.) Trans Union : 800-6807289

4.) Social Security Administration (fraud line):800-269-0271

Knowledge is Power Develop Power

Read The Florida or Georgia Star

Notice is hereby given pursuant to the Florida Self-
storage Facility Act ss 83.8006
and any other applicable Florida State Statute, that
Mobile Mini. Inc. will sell at public auction, to the
highest bidder, at 8825 MON-
FL the 7th, day of March 2008 at 9:00 am to sat-
isfy Mobile Mini's lien, property and goods belong-
ing to the following people:George's Quality
Painting, EX25MZJ0066, Generator, drill press,
yard tools, swing, blower vac, tool box and other
items.John Jordon, ES20TZI6021, Sofa, chair, bed-
room set, mirrors, surf rods and other misc items.
Bethelite Inc, EX40RZS6285, Rolls of carpet and
other misc items.For more information call 800-
288-5669 x297




Call Liz!
She will set you up.

(904) 766-8834




MARCH 1, 2008


UZI /TI / TRH- -1-R0

The Life and Times of

Augusta Savage: Art Genius

Augusta Savage was a
world renowned artist
who was born in Green
Cove Springs, Florida.
She was born Augusta
Fells and began molding
clay as a young child,
. mostly small animals, but
her father would beat her
when he found her sculp-
tures; at the time, he
believed her sculpture to
be a sinful practice, based
upon his interpretation of
the "graven images" por-
tion of the Bible. After the
family moved to West
Palm Beach, she sculpted
a Virgin Mary figure, and,
upon seeing it, her father
changed his mind, regret-
ting his past actions. The
principal of her new
school recognized and
encouraged her talent, and
paid her one dollar a day
to teach modeling during
her senior year. This
began a life-long commnit-
ment to teaching as well
as to art.
In 1907, she married
John Moore; they had a
daughter, Irene, but John
died shortly after. She
moved back in with her
parents, who raised Irene
with her. Augusta contin-
ued to model clay, and
applied for a booth at the
Palm Beach county fair:
the initially apprehensive
fair officials ended up
awarding her a 25 dollar
prize, and the sales of her
art totaled 175 dollars-a
significant sum at that
time and place.
That success encour-
aged her to apply to
Cooper Union (Art
School) in New York City,
where she was admitted in
October, 1921. During
this time she married
James Savage; they
divorced after a few
months, but she kept the
name of Savage. She
excelled in her'art classes
at Cooper, and was accel-
erated through foundation
classes. Her talent and
ability so impressed the
staff and faculty at
Cooper, that she was
awarded funds for room
and board, tuition being
already covered for all
Cooper students.
In 1923 she applied for
a summer art program
sponsored by the French
government; despite
being more than qualified,
she was turned down by
the international judging
committee, solely because
she was African-
American (Bearden &
Henderson, AHOAAA, p.
169-170). Savage was
deeply upset, and ques-
tioned the committee,
beginning the first of
many public fights for
equal rights in her life.
The incident got press
coverage on both sides of
the Atlantic, and eventual-
ly the sole supportive
committee member,
sculptor Hermon
MacNeil-who at one

time had shared a studio
with Henry Ossawa
Tanner-invited her to
study with him. She later
cited him as one of her
After Cooper, she
worked in Manhattan
steam laundries to sup-
port herself and her fami-
ly. Her father had been
paralyzed by a stroke, and
the family's home
destroyed by a hurricane;
her entire family moved
into her small West 137th
Street apartment. During
this time she obtained her
first commission, a bust
of W. E. B. DuBois for
the local Harlem Library.
Her outstanding sculpture
brought more commis-
sions, including a bust of
Marcus Garvey.
She married a protege
of Garvey, Robert
Lincoln Poston, in 1923.
Poston died aboard a ship
returning from Liberia as
part of a UNIA delegation
in 1924.
In 1925 she won a
scholarship to the Royal
Academy of Fine Arts in
Rome; the scholarship
covered only tuition, and
she was not able to raise
any money for travel and
living expenses. Thus she
was unable to attend.
Knowledge of
Savage's talent and strug-
gles became widespread
in the African-American
community; fund-raising
parties were held in
Harlem and Greenwich
Village, and African-
American Women's
groups and teachers from
Florida A&M all sent her
money for studies abroad.
In 1929, she enrolled and
attended the Academie de
la Grande Chaumiere, a
leading Paris art school.
She 'exhibited and won
awards in two Salons and
one Exposition. She
toured France, Belgium,
and Germany, research-
ing sculpture in cathe-
drals and museums.
She returned to the
States in 1931, energized
from her studies and
achievements. The
Depression had almost
stopped art sales in gener-
al, the majority of
America now being in a
financial state that
Augusta Savage had
always been in. She
pushed on, and in 1934
became the first African-
American artist to be
elected to the National
Association of Women
Painters and Sculptors.
She then launched the
Savage Studio of Arts and
Crafts, located in a base-
ment on West 143rd
Street in Harlem. She
opened her studio to any-
one who wanted to paint,
draw, or sculpt. Her many
young students would
include the future monu-
mental artists Jacob
Lawrence, Norman
Lewis (artist), and

Gwendolyn Knight;
another student was the
sociologist Kenneth B.
Clark, whose later
research would be the
basis of 1954 Supreme
Court decision Brown v.
Board of Education that
outlawed school segrega-
tion. Her school evolved
into the Harlem
Community Art Center;
1500 people of all ages
and abilities participated
in her workshops, learn-
ing from her multi-cultur-
al staff, and showing
work around NYC. Funds
from the WPA helped, but
old struggles of discrimi-
nation were revived
between Savage and
WPA officials who
objected to her leadership
In 1939, Savage was
astonished to receive a
commission from the
World's Fair; she then cre-
ated "Lift Every Voice
and Sing," inspired by the
song by James Weldon
and Rosamond Johnson.
The 16 foot tall plaster
sculpture was the most
popular and most pho-
tographed work at the
fair; small metal souvenir
copies were made and
sold by the fair, and many
postcards of the piece
were purchased. Savage
did not have any funds to
have it cast in bronze, or
even to move and store it,
and it was destroyed by
bulldozers at the close of
the fair.
She opened two gal-
leries, whose shows were
well attended and well
reviewed, but few sales
resulted, and the galleries
Deeply depressed, in
the 1940s she moved to a
farm in Saugerties (near
Woodstock), New York,
where she stayed until
1960. She worked on a
mushroom farm, and
made little or no effort to
talk about or create art,
though it was said by her
few neighbors that she
was always making
something with her
She lived her last days
with her daughter Irene,
at her home in New York,
where she died. '
Much of her work is in
clay or plaster, as she did
not have the funds for
bronze. One of her most
famous busts is titled
Gamin. Though her art
and influence is docu-
mented, the location of
much of her work is
unknown. Her sculpture
"Diving Boy" can be
viewed at Jacksonville's
Cummer Museum of Airt
and Gardens at 829
Riverside Avenue.

Augusta Savage with her sculpture "Realization" done for the Federal Art Project, ca. 1938.
Photograph by Herman. Photographs of Artists Collection One.
Painted plaster sculpture by
Augusta Savage, 1929; in
the National Museum of
American Art, Smithsonian
Institution, Washington,
D.C. It is a study of her
nephew. It was this sculp-
ture that won Augusta
Savage the Julius
Rosenwald Fellowship in
1929 and the opportunity to
study in Paris for one year.
After returning home from
Europe, Savage was ready
to 'share he art with the
Harlem community through
teaching. In 1932, Augusta
established the Savage
Studio of Arts and Crafts at
163 West 143rd Street.
Savage used this studio as
a way to provide adults with
art education. In 1937, she
became the first director of
the Harlem Community Arts
Center, an institution funded
by the Works Progress
Administration (WPA).



OFFICE: (904)357-8448
FAMILY LAW FAX: (904)357-8446



I II __ _I I I I I

MARCH 1, 2008



-----~ ---- ,- --


Who's coming for dinner?

At my house: ,



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". . ...*..

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Dinner at my house is great when Mariana and
Amy come. Mom makes granddaddy's iumbo.
She says, like us, it's a lot of different things
that go together. Amy says she's the tomato
because of her reddish blonde hair. I say I'm
the okra because, like me, it has African roots.
Mariana says she's the chicken because she
hates scary movies. She's so silly! But we all love her.
It's nice to have someone who appreciates my
African American history the way I do.

- --------- -- ------- r~- ~~ rrrr _--LI II I

MARCH 1, 2008




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1* The FL/GA Star



The Zora Neale Hurston Festival 2008
New to Me
By Viola Majors Walker

I made a solitary trip down 1-95 from Fernandina
Beach Florida to Eatonville, Florida excited about a set
of circumstances, coincidences and just plain old unbe-
lievable facts that were running havoc in my mind. I was
going to the Zora Neale Hurston Festival..Though it was
the 19th Annual Festival, it would be my first Festival
and thus very New to Me. I set out timid-I'm not a f .
young girl-but as young as I would ever be in spirit
and enthusiasm. That dichotomy of my age and my
inexperience humbled me however and caused me to keep my expectations for my
trip close to my chest.
I was traveling from Fernandina Beach/American Beach-a place where I happen
to live due to circumstances that occurred long before I read Seraph on the Sewanee,
long before I realized that surely Zora must have visited our quaint little Beachfront
community that reached prominence during Zora's lifetime and served as host to so many of her contemporaries.
I had learned the answer to that query just the day before my trip at the annual American Beach Day Recognition
Ceremony. It was exciting to learn of the coincidences, that Zora most certainly was among the many famous
celebrities who found American Beach a place to be remembered. The next coincidence even more exciting-
Zora not only visited American Beach, she fell in love with and married the grandson of Albert Price, one of the
founding residents of American Beach. I, on the other hand, had.fallen in love with American Beach, the Ocean,
the magic and wonderful tranquility that coincidently, Zora so zealously described in her novels when she wrote
about Florida.
As a novelist, Zora Neale Hurston had become the object of my most recent and deepest pursuit. Her works
had been practically all I read in recent weeks. This was because my first novel, House of Secrets, to be released
this summer, will be the first novel released under Parker Publishing Company's new Zora Imprint. I gravitated
to the Zora Festival with my head spinning over this remarkable circumstance. For me, it promised to be the cul-
minating.occasion at which I would gain insight into this complex genius of a writer who was heralded as a free
spirit, who was dedicated-to the purity of literature and yet had the audacity to change her age, birthplace and her
convictions in her own Autobiography.
I drove into Eatonville too full and excited to remember much of those intentions, however. I had entered
Orange County-read the road signs for Sanford, Orange City, Winter Park and Maitland-all places and towns
in her books and these places suddenly became more alive to me that my quest for any understanding of Zora.
She had bought those places alive for me in her writing and that for me became all the understanding I needed.
These names and places all seemed so familiar and yet so New to Me. I drove into Eatonville just as enthralled
and just as excited. This is it! There's the church! My mind struggled to match my visual sight with the visions
Zora had so eloquently described in Jonah's Gourd Vine.
My recent studies of Zora's novels came about in my quest to learn how she managed to present such intri-
cate characters and circumstances that continue today to challenge the literary talents of all writers, myself at the
top of that list. Understandably, I joined the millions who have been humbled over the years by the awesomeness
of the Festival, my understanding coming from the fact that I had arrived merely to pay my own weary homage
to Zora Neale Hurston. I sat through the Saturday night Gala with probably the one other person on earth who
was just as young as I was in spirit and enthusiasm. Being only nineteen months old-she got to cheer with each
applause. She obviously was as thankful as I was for the privilege. So, I let little Ms. Kayaunna do the cheering
for me-you see it was just as new to her as it was New to Me.

Eatonville: The First Black Town
>. -The time was Reconstruction. The Civil
War was over, slavery was dead and
Blacks across the South were looking for-
ward to prosperity and a better way of life.
Some started establishing homes and
businesses in white communities which
often led to friction between the two groups.
Rather than be shunted off to undesirable parts of town,
many Blacks established independent communities known
as "race colonies." Such was Eatonville, FL.
A number of Blacks lived in the white community of
Maitland. In 1882, businessman Joseph C. Clarke bought
some land from Maitland Mayor Josiah C. Eaton. Clarke
began selling lots to black families from Maitland and near-
by Orlando and Winter Park. By 1887, though race relations
were relatively harmonious, many blacks dreamed of having
their own town. On Aug. 15 of that year, 27 registered vot-
ers, all Black men, met and voted to incorporate. The new
town consisted of 112 acres (the land Clarke bought, plus a
10-acre donated tract) and was called Eatonville in honor of
the original owner.
That vote made history: Eatonville was the first incorpo-
rated African-American community in the nation. Some 100
such communities were founded during the same era; only
about a dozen remain.
Surrounded by ever-expanding Orlando and its sur-
rounding communities, the town is perhaps best known
these days for its annual showcase of arts, literature and cul-
ture that celebrates native daughter Zora Neale Hurston.
The most recent event, held in late January, drew some
160,000 people to the tiny metropolis and attracted such big-
name talent as salsa legend Celia Cruz, the Ramsey Lewis
Trio and gospel storyteller and evangelist Dorothy
Norwood, who once opened for the Rolling Stones.
The event also included education and fun events for
some 10,000 to 15,000 youngsters; forums on jazz, theater
and film presentations; and a street festival that included live
music, a writers' pavilion, ajuried art exhibit and demonstra-
tions of traditional crafts, as well as vendors and a variety of
food merchants.
The town also boasts the small but soon-to-expand Zora
Neale Hurston National 4
Museum of Fine Arts. This
year's program consists of six
exhibitions devoted largely to .
African-American artists. '

The Catholic Campaign for Human Development, the nation's
largest private provider of funds for anti-poverty programs, is
accepting grant applications. To be eligible, the organization must
be non-profit, incorporated, tax-exempt and have members of
the poverty group on its board. To obtain a grant application,
i oll:(904 899-5500 or (904) 282-0439. lto g
Application deadline:
April 30, 2008
Helping the poor help themselves


Carter G

Dr. Carter G. Woodson Founder of Black History Month -
* Dr. Carter G Woodson launched Negro History Week in 1926, chosen in the second week of February between the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln,
which evolved into Black History Month in 1976
* Known for writing the contributions of Black Americans into the national spotlight, received a Ph.D at Harvard University
* Founded the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History in 1915, founded the Journal of Negro History in 1916
* Author of the book, "The Miseducation of the Negro," published in 1933
"When you control a man's thinking you do not have to worry about his actions. You do not have to tell him not to stand here or go yonder. He will find his "proper place" and will stay
in it. You do not need to send him to the back door He will go without being told. In fact, if there is no back doo; he will cut one for his special benefit. His education makes it neces-
sary." Dr. Carter G. Woodson, "The Miseducation of the Negro"

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1 SP G P Ray Charles
Ray Charles Robinson
was born in Albany,
fto^ Georgia on September 23,
o-' 1930 (he shares a birthday

-'- "with another musical icon,
John Coltrane). He was a
pioneering American
dim .d- om pianist and musician who
S- shaped the sound of
S- rhythm and blues. He
"- brought a soulful sound to
-.- country music, pop stan-
-" dards, and a rendition of
"America the Beautiful"
S- "" that Ed Bradley of 60
S-- Minutes called the "defini-
S tive version of the song, an
-American anthem a
classic, just as the man
who sang it."
SCharles was not born
& W- *f. blind he lost his sight to
^~ undiagnosed glaucoma at
S* o *- age seven.
0=S1e.. He enrolled in the St.
R Augustine (Fla) School for
the deaf and blind, where
S" he developed his enormous
musical gift. After his
mother's death, he set out
as a solo act, modeling
W b himself after Nat "King"
o Cole.
Soon he found himself
in Seattle, Washington,
S. where he met a young
Quincy Jones, and estab-
lished a name for himself
in clubs.
Frank Sinatra called
him "the only true genius
in the business. In 2004,
* Rolling Stone Magazine
ranked Ray Charles num-
ber ten on their list of The
Immortals: 100 Greatest
S- Artists of All Time.
SCharles was significant-
S ly involved in the biopic
Ray, an October 2004 film
which portrays his life and
career between 1930 and
1966 and stars Jamie Foxx
S- as Charles. Foxx won the
S* 2005 Academy Award for
S- Best Actor for the role.
Charles was expected to
attend a showing of the
completed film, but he
passed away before it
opened in theaters.
On December 7, 2007,
Ray Charles Plaza was
* opened in Albany, Georgia,
W *- with a revolving, lighted
bronze sculpture of
Charles seated at a piano.

James Weldon Johnson
James Weldon Johnson
(June 17, 1871 June 26,
1938) was an American
author, politician, critic,
journalist, poet, anthropol-
ogist, educator, lawyer,
songwriter, early civil
rights activist, and promi-
nent figure in the Harlem
Renaissance. Johnson is
best remembered for his
writing, which includes
novels, poems, and collec-
tions of folklore. He was
also one of the first
African-American profes-
sors at New York
University. Later in life he
was a Professor of
Creative Literature and
Writing at Fisk University.
Johnson was born in
Jacksonville, Florida, the
son of Helen Louise Dillet
and James Johnson.
Johnson was first educated
by his mother (a musician
and a public school
teacher the first female,
black teacher in Florida at
a grammar school) and
then at Edwin M. Stanton
School. At the age of 16 he
enrolled at Atlanta
University, from which he
graduated in 1894. In
addition to his bachelor's
degree, he also completed
some graduate coursework
In 1899, Johnson
moved to New York City
with his brother, J.
Rosamond Johnson to
work in musical theater.
Along with his brother, he
produced such hits as "Tell
Me, Dusky Maiden" and
"Nobody's Looking but
the Owl and the Moon".
Johnson composed the
lyrics of "Lift Ev'ry Voice
and Sing," originally writ-
ten for a celebration of
Lincoln's birthday at
Stanton School. This song
would later become to be
known and adopted as
such by the NAACP as
the Negro National
Anthem. The song was
entered into the
Congressional Record as
the official African
American National Hymn
following the success of a
1990 rendition by singer
Melba Moore and a bevy
of other recording artists.

Terence Trent D'arby
(Sananda Maitreya)
Sananda Maitreya
(born Terence Trent
Howard on March 15,
1962), most known by the
stage name Terence Trent
D'Arby, is an American
singer-songwriter. He is
recognizable through his
trademark voice resem-
bling that of Sam Cooke,
and the fact that, like such
artists as Stevie Wonder,
Todd Rundgren and Prince
before him, he produces
his own albums and plays
most of the instruments.
He was known to
childhood friends as Terry
Darby. A graduate of
DeLand High School in
DeLand, Florida, Maitreya
joined the army after leav-
ing college, serving in
Elvis Presley's old regi-
ment in Germany. He was
formally discharged by the
army in 1985 after going
absent without leave.
While in Germany, he also
worked with the band The
Touch, releasing an album
of material called Love On
Time (1984). It was later
re-issued in 1989 as Early
Works after Maitreya's
world-wide success as a
solo artist. In 1986 he left
Germany for London,
where he briefly joined the
band The Bojangels, after
which he signed a solo
recording deal.
His debut solo album,
Introducing the Hardline
According to Terence
Trent D'Arby, released in
1987, is his best-known
and, in commercial terms,
most successful work. The
album, which produced
such hits as "If You Let
Me Stay," "Wishing Well,"
"Dance Little Sister," and
"Sign Your Name", sold
over a million copies in
the first three days of its
release, and its sales cur-
rently total over 12 mil-
lion. The album also
earned D'Arby a Grammy
Award in March 1988 in
the category Best R&B
Vocal Performance, Male.
In that same year, he
earned a Soul Train Award
nomination for Best New

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Old Brewster Hospital Built in 1885, was Jacksonville's first medical
3.o facility for the black community. Brewster
H Hospital had its beginnings in the Boylan-Haven
School, a private establishment for black girls.
Around the turn of the century, the school began
to provide medical services to the black commu-
nity. With the assistance of the Women's Home
Missionary Society of the Methodist Church,
one of Boylan-Haven's superintendents, Miss
Hattie Emerson, started a formal nurse training

Hospital and Nurse Training School unit 1910, when it was sold by the Women's
Home Society. Brewster Hospital occupied several buildings between 1910 and its
closing in 1966. The passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act opened all local hospitals
to the black community, enabling black patients to go to larger, more modern facili-

The Georgia Infirmary
First African-American Hospital in the United States, Chartered
by the Georgia General Assembly in 1832, the Infirmary was
established "for the relief and protection of afflicted and aged
Africans" under the provisions of the last will and testament of
Savannah merchant and minister Thomas F. Williams (1774-
1816). Originally located south of the city, it was moved here in Georgia Infirmary GHS
Historical Marker located
1838. Its fourteen acres included several single-story buildings at 1900 Abercorn St.,
and small farm tracts for vegetable gardens. In 1904, the Savannah, GA.
Infirmary became one of the earliest training schools for African-American nurses. In 1975,
it became Georgia's first day center for stroke rehabilitation.
Erected by the Georgia Historical Society and 2001.16 The Georgia Infirmary, Inc.

Eartha M. M. White and Her Mother Clara White:
Jacksonville, Florida (1910)

slave, Eartha Mary Magdalene White attended .
schools in Florida and New York. An educator and
publisher, she established the Clara White Mission
in honor of her mother during the Depression in the
1930s. She also ran a prison mission and donated
property for community projects, including the first
park for black children. .
In 1967 she began the Eartha M.M. White
Nursing Home, which grew into the area's largest
employer of blacks. She was a Women's Hall of
Fame inductee 1986.

Announcements, meetings, happenings, and community events
scheduled in Jacksonville and the surrounding area.
"YES WE CAN" OBAMA PARTY, Jax-Arlington Docking Station Cyber
Cafe, located at 1301 Monument Road, #11, Jacksonville, FL 32225, Sunday,
March 2nd at 4:00 p.m. To sign up for this event, go to the web address below:
"LIFT EV'RY VOICE AND SING" To feature the Jacksonville Children's
Chorus and the African Children's Choir Saturday, March 8th at 8:00 p.m.
in jacoby Symphony Hall at the Times Union Center for the Performing Arts.
Tickets went on sale January 16th and are $25 for adults and $13 for students.
SONVILLE SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY An all-class reunion is set for
March 2009. The school was opened from 1947-1978. The reunion is for any-
one who ever attended the school, whether it was part-time, full-time, some-
time...be they student, faculty, staff or friends. Please contact the reunion com-
mittee at: TECH HIGH REUNION, P.O. Box 6361, Jacksonville, FL 32236-
6361 or call Nina Dodd at 904-424-1873, email: techreunion@bellsouth.net .
"MAD HATTER" LUNCHEON -Tuesday, March 4th. Everyone is invited.
Bring a decorated hat, or bring a hat to be decorated. Hats will be judged in
several-categories and prizes awarded. Speaker Joanne Byrns will share how
her life was transformed when her husband, a pilot in the Viet Nam war, was
shot down and Missing in Action. Doors open at 11:30 for buffet, program
begins at 12:00 to 1:30. Lunch is $15.00 inclusive. Location; Ramada Inn, East
Room in Mandarin, 3130 Hartley Road; next to the 295 overpass. Reservations
and cancellations for lunch and free Child Care call 262-3882 or e-mail man-
darincwc@yahoo.com, or dian-noe@bellsouth.net, on Thursday, February
28th. Bring a friend for the "Invite-A-Thon" and win prizes and giveaways.
ALACHUA ARTS & CRAFT FESTIVAL in the New Towne Center Area,
NW 151st Blvd., Alachua, FL, Saturday, March 8th from 10:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.
and Sunday, March 9th from 10:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m. FREE admission, FREE
parking. For more information, contact T-N-T Events at (352) 344-0657.
NE FL Duval, Baker, Clay, Nassau, and St. Johns counties have joined
together to train volunteers. If you are a resident of any of the counties, the pro-
gram is open to you. Training will be held at the Duval County Cooperative
Extension Service office in Jacksonville on Wednesdays beginning February
13th and ending April 9th from 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. For additional informa-
tion, contact your local county extension office.
2008, Jacksonville Fairgrounds. Thousands of books .50 $2.00. Sponsored by
Friends of the Jacksonville Public Library Inc. Proceeds benefit the
Jacksonville Public Library.
THE WILLIAM RAINES CLASS OF 1973 .- will be celebrating its 35th
Reunion during the weekend of June 13 15, 2008 at the Wyndham Riverwalk
Hotel in downtown Jacksonville. The theme for this year is "Still Great In '08!"
Events include a dinner cruise, a banquet, and much more! For more informa-
tion, contact Mrs. Gail Hammond Haines at 725-2157.
tastic food and fun times will benefit Children's Home Society of FL and will
be held at Matthew's of San Marco Sunday, May 4th from 5:30 8 p.m. Please
call to reserve your tickets of $150 per person. For more information, contact
Nanette Vallejos at 493-7739. For more information about CHS, log on to
counselors are needed to assist young people with neuromuscular diseases and
help them enjoy a fun-filled MDA summer camp June 7th through June 12th at
Epworth by the Sea, St. Simon's Island. Applicants must be at least 16 years
old and able to lift and care for a young person between the ages of 6 and 21.
To obtain a volunteer application, call your local MDA office at (800) 572-
1717 or visit our website at www.mda.org/clinics/camp.
Saturday, March 8th at 7:45 p.m. at the Wyndam Hotel-Jacksonville
Riverwalk. Speakers by Officers of Grand Lodge, Live Entertainment by
A.C.O.U, Johnny Watkins, and Union. Donation $50. Door prises at end of the
day. For more information, call (904) 396-4024.
Pre-Easter Celebration Event, featuring name brand women clothes and acces-
sories, Saturday, March 8th at 10:00 a.m. and Sunday, March 9th from 1:30
p.m. 5:00 p.m. at 1405 .Detroit St., Jacksonville. For additional information,
call (904) 786-2029.
through Sunday, March 2nd, at the Jacksonville Fairground, Exhibit Hall B.
Tens of thousands of books priced from .50 cents to $2.00 will be sold. Parking
is free, and open to the general public. Memberships will be sold at the door
and start at $10. Proceeds of this Annual Book Sale Benefit the Facksonville
Public Library.
RECRUIT MILITARY CAREER FAIR -The military-to-civilian recruiting
firm RecruitMilitary will present a free hiring event for job seekers who have
military backgrounds in Jacksonville on Thursday, March ,6. This event, the
RecruitMilitary Career Fair, will take place from 11 a.m. until 3 p.m. at
Jacksonville Municipal Stadium, home of the Jacksonville Jaguars.
RecruitMilitary urges all job seekers who have military backgrounds to attend
-- veterans who already have civilian work experience, men and women who
are transitioning from active duty to civilian life, members of the National
Guard and reserves, and military spouses. More than 20 veteran-friendly
organizations will conduct one-on-one interviews with the job seekers. In addi-
tion to participation in career fairs, RecruitMilitary offers subscriptions to its
database of self-registered job seekers who have military backgrounds, current-
ly numbering more than 190,000, at its Web site, www.recruitmilitary.com.
THE PLAN READING courses will conduct classes on Saturdays.
The first class will begin on
Saturday, March 1, 2008. It
will be held at the First Coast
African American Chamber
of Commerce, Inc., located at
1725 Oakhurst Ave. It will be

J held from 8:30 a.m. until h ,k l
12:30 p.m. See you there. '4 I
Deborah K. Thompson at
(904) 472-7528. ,,ka
I1 Il


LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr., M.D., F.A.C.S. the Charles R. Drew
professor of Surgery, Howard University College of Medicine, is a
surgeon, oncologist, medical educator, and leader in professional
and civic organizations.
He was born on May 22, 1930, in Tallahassee, Florida and
grew up in Quincy, Florida. At age eighteen, he was awarded the
Bachelor of Science degree (summa cum laude), from Florida
A&M College. In 1952 he received his M.D. degree from the
Howard University College of Medicine, ranking first in his class.
From 1952 through 1959 his medical training continued as an
intern at Homer G. Phillips Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri, assistant
resident in surgery at Freedmen's Hospital, and senior fellow in
cancer surgery at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. He began his military career at
the rank of Captain, serving as Chief of General Surgery at the United States Army Hospital
in Munich, Germany. He joined the Howard University faculty in 1962. In addition to teach-
ing, he has served as Acting Dean of the School of Medicine, and Chairman of the
Department of Surgery, a position he held for twenty-five years. In 1992, he was named the
Charles R. Drew Professor, a position he currently holds. He is a diplomat of the American
Board of Surgery, a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American College
of Gastroenterology. Dr. Leffall has served as Visiting Professor and Guest Lecturer at more
than 200 medical institutions in the United States and abroad. He has authored or coauthored
more than 130 articles and chapters. His professional life has been devoted to the study of
cancer, particularly among African-Americans. In 1979 as national president of the
American Cancer Society, he launched a program (the first of this type) that focused on the
challenge of cancer in Black Americans with special attention to the increasing incidence
and mortality of cancer in this group. Completing his forty-second year on the Howard
University faculty, he has taught approximately 4,500 medical students and helped train
nearly 250 general surgery residents.
He was the first African-American President of the American Cancer Society, Society of
Surgical Oncology, Society of Surgical Chairmen, the Washington Academy of Surgery, and
the American College of Surgeons. He has received ten honorary degrees, among them:
Howard University, Florida A&M University, Georgetown University and Amherst College.
In 1987 The Biennial LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr. Award was established by the M.D. Anderson
Hospital, the Tumor Institute, and the Intercultural Cancer Council, in Houston, Texas. This
award recognizes Dr. Leffall's contributions to cancer prevention, treatment, and education
in minority and economically disadvantaged communities. In 1989, the citizens of Quincy,
Florida named a street, a path, and the surgical wing in the Gadsden Memorial Hospital in
his honor. The LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr. Surgical Society was formed in March 1995; the Leffall
Chair in Surgery was established in February 1996; and the Metropolitan Washington
Chapter of the American College of Surgeons established the LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr. Prize in
1996. He was named Distinguished Professor of Surgery at the Uniformed Services
University of the Health Sciences. Dr. Leffall and his family established the Martha J. and
LaSalle D. Leffall, Sr. Endowed Scholarship Fund and Endowed Professorship in Science at
Florida A & M University in 1997 in honor of his mother and father. His memoirs entitled
"Grace Notes-A Cancer Surgeon's Odyssey," will be published by the Howard University
Press in 2004.
In addition to his professorship at Howard University; he is also currently chairman of
the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation; the President's Cancer Panel; the Board of
Directors of the National Dialogue on Cancer. Dr. Leffall and his wife Ruthie have one son,
LaSalle, III an honors graduate of Harvard College and the Harvard Law and Business
Schools. He is the Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the National
Housing Partnership Foundation in Washington, D.C. Dr. Leffall is an avid supporter of jazz
music. Because of his long-standing and close relationship with Julian "Cannonball"
Adderley, Dr. Leffall represents an important link with one of the most imposing figures in
modem jazz.



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Atlanta in 1973, Maynard H. Jackson, Jr. was the first African
American to serve as mayor of a major southern city. Jackson
served eight years and then returned for a third term in 1990,
following the mayorship of Andrew Young. As a result of affir-
mative action programs instituted by Jackson in his first two
terms, the portion of city business going to minority firms rose
dramatically. A lawyer in the securities field, Jackson remained
a highly influential force in city politics after leaving elected
office. Before and.during his third term, he worked closely with
Young, Atlanta Olympics organizing committee chair Billy
Payne, and others to bring the 1996 Olympic Games to Atlanta.
Maynard Holbrook Jackson Jr. was born on March 23, 1938, in Dallas, Texas,
where his father, Maynard H. Jackson Sr., was a minister. The family moved to
Atlanta in 1945, when Maynard Sr. took the pastorship at Friendship Baptist Church.
Maynard Jr.'s Atlanta roots ran deep. His mother, Irene Dobbs Jackson, a professor
of French at Spelman College, was the daughter of John Wesley Dobbs, founder of
the Georgia Voters League. When Jackson's father died in 1953, Dobbs became even
more influential in the life of his fifteen-year-old grandson.
Jackson entered Morehouse College through a special early-entry program and
graduated in 1956, when he was only eighteen. He attended Boston University law
school but was unsuccessful, probably due to his youth. After working in the North
at several jobs, including as an encyclopedia salesman, Jackson received his law
degree from North Carolina Central University in 1964. In December of the follow-
ing year he married Burnella "Bunnie" Hayes Burke. They had three children,
Elizabeth, Brooke, and Maynard III. During the late 1960s Jackson worked as an
attorney for the National Labor Relations Board and a legal services firm.
In 1968 thirty-year-old Jackson undertook an impulsive, quixotic, and under-
funded race for the U.S. Senate against entrenched incumbent Herman Talmadge.
Although lie won less than a third of the statewide vote, he carried Atlanta and imme-
diately became a force to be reckoned with in city politics. The next year he was
elected vice mayor, the presiding officer of the board of aldermen. While Jackson
was serving in this role, the charter of the city of Atlanta was modified to strengthen
the hand of the mayor. The new charter changed the aldermen to council members
and replaced the vice mayor with the position of president of the city council.
As mayor, one of Jackson's main priorities was to ensure that minority business-
es received more municipal contracts, and he succeeded in raising the proportion
from less than 1 percent to more than 35 percent. Jackson also transformed the police
department in an effort to reduce charges of police mistreatment of African
Americans and to help blacks rise in the ranks. Jackson later broke with his public
safety commissioner, Reginald Eaves, and Eaves resigned in a promotion-exam
cheating scandal. Meanwhile, a series of murders of black youths, known as the
Atlanta child murders, terrorized the city from 1979 to 1981, and Jackson worked to
maintain calm in the city until Wayne Williams was caught and convicted in connec-
tion with the crimes.
Jackson died in Washington, D.C., of a heart attack on June 23, 2003. He lay in
state at city hall and at Morehouse College, and the memorial service at the Atlanta
Civic Center drew more than 5,000 mourners.

CLARENCE THOMAS born June 23, 1948, is an American jurist and
has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United
States since 1991. He is the second African American to serve on the
nation's highest court, after Justice Thurgood Marshall. Thomas's
career in the Supreme Court has seen him take a conservative
approach to cases while adhering to the postulates of originalism.
On July 2, 1991 President George H.W. Bush nominated Thomas
to replace Thurgood Marshall who had recently announced his retire-
ment. Marshall had been the only African American justice on the
court. The selection of Thomas preserved the existing racial balance
of the court, but it was seen as likely to move the ideological balance
to the right.
American Bar Association's (ABA) rating for Judge Thomas was split between "qual-
ified" and "not qualified."
Organizations including the NAACP, the Urban League and the National Organization
for Women opposed the appointment based on Thomas's criticism of affirmative action
and suspicions that Thomas might not be a supporter of the Supreme Court judgment in
Roe v. Wade. Under questioning during confirmation hearings, Thomas repeatedly
asserted that he had not formulated a position on the Roe decision.
Some of the public statements of Thomas's opponents foreshadowed the confirma-
tion fight that would occur. One such statement came from activist Florence Kennedy
at a July 1991 conference of the National Organization for Women in New York City.
Making reference to the failure of Robert Bork's nomination, she said of Thomas,
"We're going to 'bork' him."
The term has since become a part of the American political lexicon. Liberals have
generally used the term to mean defeating conservative nominees for allegedly being
"out of the judicial mainstream"; conservatives, conversely, use it to describe what they
consider unscrupulous tactics to derail the nominations of nominees unacceptable to
left-leaning interest groups.

JOSIAH T. WALLS (1842-1905) was a United States Congressman from 1871
until 1876. Josiah Walls was born a slave near Winchester, Virginia.
He was forced to join the Confederate Army and was captured by
the Union' Army in 1862 at Yorktown. He voluntarily joined the
United States Colored Troops in 1863 and rose to the rank of corpo-
ral. He was discharged in Florida and settled in Alachua County.
He was elected as the sole representative from Florida to the
Forty-second United States Congress in 1871, but the vote was con-
tested by Silas L. Niblack. The U.S. Committee on Elections even-
tually unseated Walls. Walls ran and was elected again in 1873.
After serving one term in the house he ran for re-election in 1874.
He apparently won the election but Jesse Finley contested this and was eventually
declared the winner by the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives. This
unseating was the end of Walls political career. He returned to Florida and farmed
until his death on May 15, 1905.
In office, Walls introduced bills to establish a national education fund and aid pen-
sioners and Seminole War Veterans.

P. Meek (bomApril 29, 1926) is an American politician from the U.S. state
of Florida.
Meek was bom in Tallahassee, Florida and she graduated from Florida
A&M University and the University of Michigan (since graduate schools in
the state of Florida were segregated at the time). She was elected to the
Florida state House of Representatives in 1978 as a Democrat, serving until
1983. As a state representative, she introduced a bill criminalizing stalking.
She was elected to the Florida state Senate in 1982.
She was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1992. Meek



Edward Waters College is a private college located in Jacksonville, Florida. It
was founded in 1866 to educate freed slaves and is the oldest historically black col-
lege in Florida. The first AME pastor in the state, Rev. William G. Steward, original-
ly named the college Brown Theological Institute. The school went through some
financial difficulties and closed for much of the 1870s. It reopened in 1883 with an
extended educational program and its current name.
The original Edward Waters College was destroyed by the Great Fire of 1901, but
by 1904 new land was obtained and work was started on the new college. Edward
Waters was accredited as a junior college in 1955 under President William B. Stewart
and 5 years later had a restored four year curriculum. Beginning in 1979 the school
was accredited as a four-year institution by Commission on Colleges of the Southern
Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) and started awarding bachelor's
degrees. The college's accreditation was last reaffirmed in 2006.
Enrollment in 2004 was 987 students and wholly made up by undergraduates.
During that period tuition for full-time undergraduate was $9,176. Several notable
Edward Waters graduates include former Jacksonville sheriff Nat Glover, former
Florida State Senator Betty Holzendorf (D-Jacksonville), author and scholar Dr.
Fredrick Douglass Harper and Television and Film Personality and former
Commissioner Rahman Johnson. The school awarded honorary degrees to U.S.
Representative Corrine Brown, Florida State Representative Willye Dennis and John
Delaney, former mayor of Jacksonville and current president of the University of
North Florida. Brown also served on the school's faculty.
The 28th and current president of the school is Claudette Williams. Not only is it
President Williams' first time to be appointed president of a college, it is the first
time any woman has been the leader of this historically black school. She has served
as a vice president of Bennett College for Woman in Greensboro NC, which is one
of only two historically black women's colleges. The Double E principle Excellence
and Ethics (E2) is what promises to lead the school into an even greater future.
Centennial Hall, which contains the Obi-Scott-Umunna Collection of African Art,
is the oldest building on campus. Built in 1916, it was added to the U.S. National
Register of Historic Places on May 4, 1976.

One of the oldest academic centers in the U.S. state of Florida, the university was
founded in 1879 as the Florida Baptist Institute in Live Oak, Florida. Soon after, the
American Baptist Home Mission gave its full support and the first regular school
year began in 1880.
In 1882, the Florida Baptist Academy was established in Jacksonville, Florida.
The name was later changed to Florida Normal and Industrial Institute. It was there
that two brothers, James Weldon Johnson and J. Rosamond Johnson (faculty mem-
ber), wrote the words and music to what became known as the "Negro National
Anthem," "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing", in 1900.
Florida Normal and Industrial Institute moved to St. Augustine in 1918 on part
of a 110-acre tract of land known as "Old Homes Plantation," formerly one of the
largest slave plantations in Florida. In 1941, the Live Oak and St. Augustine institu-
tions merged, changing their limited offerings from a junior college classification to
a four-year liberal arts institution which graduated its first four-year class in 1945.
Its name was changed in 1950 to Florida Normal and Industrial Memorial College.
In 1963, the charter was again amended to change the name to Florida Memorial
College. In 1968, the College relocated to its present site in Northwest Miami and
by 1972 graduated its first class at the Miami site. Florida Memorial College cele-
brated its 100th anniversary in 1979 and began a series of expansion projects on the
44-acre site.
In 1993 Dr. Albert E. Smith was appointed as the College's tenth president,
heralding another period of growth in the institution's rich history. In December
2004, the institution's name was changed to Florida Memorial University with the
announcement being made at the Founders' Convocation in March 2005. On July 3,
2006, Dr. Karl S. Wright became the eleventh President of Florida Memorial

The first African American to earn a Master's Degree from Harvard Business
School in 1933 and embarked upon a lengthy career as a professor of business at
Howard University in Washington, D.C. He left Howard to join the Pepsi-Cola com-
pany, where he became vice-president for special marketing. As a pioneer of target
marketing--a technique in which a segment of the population is studied and sales
techniques developed for that particular audience--Fitzhugh specialized in the
African American consumer.
His expertise was much in demand by large corporations, and in 1974 he was
called "the dean of black businessmen" by Black Enterprise Magazine. A year later
Fitzhugh was summoned to the White House and given a special black enterprise
achievement award by Vice President Nelson Rockefeller. Fitzhugh died in 1992.

The first African American President of Howard University. In 1867 a new uni-
versity for African Americans was opened in Washington, D.C. It was named
Howard University, after General O.O. Howard, the head of the Freedmen's Bureau.
The university did not appoint its first African American president until June 1926,
when Mordecai Wyatt Johnson began his thirty-four-year tenure. Headlines in the
Washington Post read: "Negro at Last Heads Howard University. Acquisition of Dr.
Mordecai W. Johnson as President places local university as Capstone of Negro
Education in America."
Mordecai Johnson was born in Paris, Tennessee, in 1890, and graduated from
Atlanta Baptist college--later to become Morehouse College. He also earned degrees
from the University of Chicago, Rochester Theological Seminary, and Harvard
University, and served as pastor of a Baptist church in West Virginia before going to
During his university presidency, Johnson concentrated on attracting African
American scholars as administrators, deans, and heads of departments, but was also

claimed her district was undercounted in the 1990 Census. Meek believed the people of her dis-
trict were cheated in the 2000 Presidential Election. Meek refused to attend a meeting with
President George W. Bush in February 2001.[clarify] She retired from the House at the end of
her term in 2003. She was succeeded in office by her son, Kendrick Meek.
Carrie P. Meek is a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., a service sorority founded
by African-American women.

proud of the school's varied faculty and student body. A skilled orator and debater
whose remarks sometime made enemies, Johnson often said, "The Lord told me to
speak, but He did not tell me when to stop."

__ I

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Born: April 25, 1884 in Palatka, FL
Died: March 19, 1965, Atlantic City, NJ
Bats: L
Throws: R Played for: Cuban X-Giants (1906),
Philadelphia Giants (1907-1909), Leland Giants
(1910), New York Lincoln Giants (1911-1915, 1926-
1930), Chicago American Giants (1914-1917), New
York Lincoln Stars (1915), Brooklyn Royal Giants
(1918-1920), New York Bacharach Giants (1919),
Atlantic City Bacharach Giants (1922, 1924-1925,
1931-1932), Columbus Buckeyes (1921), Hilldale Diasies (1923), Harlem Stars
(1931). Lloyd was elected into the Hall of Fame by Negro Leagues Committee in
A line-drive hitter whose extraordinary skills at shortstop drew favorable compar-
isons to Honus Wagner, John Henry Lloyd was one of the best black players of the
dead ball era. Although a consummate gentleman off the field, Lloyd was an aggres-
sive, fearless baserunner on it, and was also one of the best hitters of his era. He had
great range and large, steady hands that led Cuban fans to dub him El Cuchara (The
Shovel). The easygoing Lloyd later became a player-manager, and was given the
affectionate nickname, Pop, by the young players he mentored.

WENDELL SCOTT Is The Only Black To Win A
Grand National Race Scott's legacy lives on four decades after win
Among all the trophies Wendell Scott won in his racing career, there is one that will
forever be his legacy to the sport he loved.
It isn't much to look at, just some off-color wood with
no plaque or varnish or glitzy, gimmicky metalwork. It
pales in comparison to the gleaming, brightly polished
trophies is sits among.
But that piece of wood, battered and beaten and
sorry compared to the others, is the symbol of Scott's
greatest day as a racing driver. It was Dec. 1, 1963, the
i day he won a NASCAR Grand National event in
Jacksonville, Fla. Scott remains to this day the only black
driver to have won a Grand National (now Nextel Cup)
Series event in NASCAR's 58-year history.
During the 42 years since Scott earned his victory --
which, given the times and the area in which it occurred was not celebrated as vic-
tories always have been, in Victory Lane with a trophy queen and photographers --
no black driver has even been close to accomplishing the same feat.
Randy Bethea shocked the NASCAR world in 1973 by knocking Darrell Waltrip
off the pole at the Nashville Fairgrounds Speedway, but that was in a Late Model
Sportsman event, not Grand National. Willy T. Ribbs, one of the finest road racers
in the world, tried out a stock car at Daytona but never qualified for the 500.
That's pretty much been it, in terms of black names in Cup racing on the driving
side since Scott won at Jacksonville in 1963. Bill Lester has driven in Craftsman
Truck races since 2000.
Scott, who died in 1990, was from Danville, Va., just inside the state line from
North Carolina. It was an area rich in history for stock car racers, and also an area
where it was not unheard of to run illegal whiskey from town to town in souped-up
Scott was a taxi driver who graduated to running moonshine and eventually to
racing stock cars. For any of those jobs, one had to be a master mechanic and a pret-
ty nifty driver. In 1959, at the age of 38, Scott won the Virginia State Sportsman
championship. Two years later, Scott was able to field a car for the Grand National
Series. In nearly 500 Grand National races, he was in the top 10 an amazing 147 times.

Born James Nathaniel Brown on February 17. 1936.in St '
Simons, Georgia.
Outstanding American professional gridiron football player
who led the National Football League (NFL) in rushing for eight
of his nine seasons. He was the dominant player of his era and one
of the small number of running backs rated as the best of all time.
In high school and at Syracuse Uni'ersitr in Ne' %York.
Brown displayed excepnonal all-around athletic alithry. excelling
in basketball, baseball, track, and lacrosse as well as football In is
final year at Syracuse. Brown earned All-America honours in both
football and lacrosse. Many considered Brown's best sport to be lacrosse, and he was inducted into
both the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the U.S. Lacrosse National Hall of Fame.
From 1957 through 1965, Brown played for the Cleveland Browns of the NFL, and he led the
league in rushing yardage every year except 1962. Standing 6.2'feet (1.88 metres) and weighing
01 3 id105 k4 i r) rnuw a n ikina _i h.u.wiU u-

L-J- pouns(U g 1u), iUrown was U a rUlisllg runner w UU puos-
sessed the speed to outrun opponents as well as the strength to run
over them. He rushed for more than 1,000 yards in seven seasons
and established NFL single-season records by rushing for 1,527
yards in 1958 (12-game schedule) and 1,863 yards in 1963 (14-
game schedule), a record broken by O.J. Simpson in 1973. On
November 24, 1957, he set an NFL record by rushing for 237
yards in a single game, and he equaled that total on November 19,
1961. At the close of his career, he had scored 126 touchdowns,
106 by rushing, had gained a record 12,312 yards in 2,359 rush-
ing attempts for an average of 5.22 yards, and had a record com-
bined yardage (rushing along with pass receptions) of 15,459
yards. Brown's rushing and combined yardage records stood until
1984, when both were surpassed by Walter Payton of the Chicago
At 30 years of age and seemingly at the height of his athlet-
ic abilities, Brown retired from football to pursue a career in
motion pictures. He appeared in many action and adventure
films, among them The Dirty Dozen (1967) and 100 Rifles
(1969). Brown was also active in issues facing African
Americans, forming groups to assist black-owned businesses and
to rehabilitate gang members.


Hank Aaron
Born Henry Louis Aaron February 5, 1934 in Mobile,
AL, beat Babe Ruth's home run record with 755 hits. Bats:
R -Throws: R Played for: Milwaukee Braves (1954-1965),
Atlanta Braves (1966-1976), Milwaukee Brewers (1975-
1976) Elected to Hall of Fame by Baseball Writers: 1982.
406 votes of 415 ballots cast (97.83%).
Exhibiting an understated style that became his trade-
mark, Hank Aaron became the all-time home run champi-
on via one of the most consistent offensive careers in base-


ball history, with 3,771 hits. In addition to his 755 home runs, he also holds major
league records for total bases, extra-base hits and RBI. Aaron was the 1957 National
League MVP, won three Gold Gloves for his play in right field and was named to a
record 24 All-Star squads.

Despite her relatively short career, Bessie Coleman strong-
ly challenged early 20th century stereotypes about white
supremacy and the inabilities of women. By becoming the
first licensed African American female pilot, and perform-
ing throughout the country, Coleman proved that people did
not have to be shackled by their gender or the color of their
skin to succeed and realize their dreams.
From Chicago, Coleman went on to perform at air shows
in cities around the country, gaining wide publicity and enthusiastic fans wherever
she went. Shortly after her Chicago debut... she became embroiled in a political con-
troversy that nearly ruined her career. Through her media contacts, she was offered
a role in a feature-length film titled Shadow and Sunshine, to be financed by the
African American Seminole Film Producing Company. She gladly accepted, hoping
the publicity would help to advance her career and provide her with some of the
money she needed to establish her own flying school. But upon learning that the first
scene in the movie required her to appear in tattered clothes, with a walking stick and
a pack on her back, she refused to proceed.
While working, Coleman met a man named Robert Abbott, the editor of The
Chicago Defender, a newspaper that encouraged African Americans to follow their
dreams. Coleman told him about her ambition to become a pilot. She thought that if
she could break the racial barriers, she could not only advance her career, but help
other African Americans as well.
Coleman staged the first public flight by an African American woman in America
on Labor Day, September 3, 1922. She became a popular flier at aerial shows,
though she refused to perform before segregated audiences in the South. Speaking at
schools and churches, she encouraged blacks' interest in aviation; she ... raised
money to found a school to train black aviators. Before she could found her school,
however, during a rehearsal for an aerial show, the plane carrying Coleman spun out
of control, catapulting her 2,000 feet to her death.
Even though Coleman realized that she had to work
within the general confines of southern segregation, she
did try to use her fame to challenge racial barriers, if only
a little. Soon after her Houston show, Bessie returned to
her old hometown of Waxahachie to give an exhibition.
As in Houston, both whites and African Americans want-
ed to attend the event and plans called for segregated facilities. Officials even want-
ed whites and African Americans to enter the venue through separate "white" and
"Negro" admission gates, but Coleman refused to perform under such conditions.
She demanded only one admission gate. After much negotiation, Coleman got her
way and Texans of both races entered the air field through the same gate, but then
separated into their designated sections once inside.
"Before Amelia Earhart, there was Bessie Coleman," according to Lark notes.
"In 1917 there weren't a lot of options for a black girl in rural Waxahachie, Texas,
but Bessie Coleman had a dream, and she eventually traveled all
the way to Paris to learn to fly because no American school would
teach her. Determined to' start a flying school for Black
Americans, Bessie raised funds by performing breathtaking aerial
shows as a 'barnstormer,' until a tragic accident ended both her
career and her life. Although Bessie never saw the fruits of her :
labors, her nephew went on to become a World War II flyer with
the Tuskegee Airmen, fulfilling her dream."
The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp honoring Coleman in
1995... Coleman's family line included some American Indian .
blood: her father George was part African-American and part .


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